National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bowline bull moose

  1. Bull Moose Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroups >(RECP)Moose

  2. MOOSE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002565WKSTN01 Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment  https://github.com/idaholab/moose 

  3. This photo of a bull moose was taken in June 2010 by Josh Hett of Aurora, Ill.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    it to the moose project website. NRRI NowSpring/Summer 2010 2 Moose on the loose The power of peat Food chain of Natural Resources. He cites disease and parasites as the major causes of mortality. "We believe that some

  4. Bull Moose Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroups

  5. Bull Test ID 1181 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Bull Test ID 1181 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1182 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1183 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1184 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1185 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1186 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1187 2013 Florida

  6. Bull Test ID 1140 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Bull Test ID 1140 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1141 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1142 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1143 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1144 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1145 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1146 2013 Florida

  7. Bull Test ID 1077 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    14th Annual Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1077 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1078 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1079 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1080 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1081 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1082 2013 Florida Bull Test #12

  8. Bull Test ID 1098 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Bull Test ID 1098 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1099 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1100 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1101 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1102 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1103 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1104 2013 Florida

  9. Bull Test ID 1118 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Bull Test ID 1118 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1119 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1120 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1121 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1122 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1123 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1124 2013 Florida

  10. Bull Test ID 1160 2013 Florida Bull Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Bull Test ID 1160 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1161 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1162 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1163 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1164 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1165 2013 Florida Bull Test #12;Bull Test ID 1166 2013 Florida

  11. MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gaston, Derek

    2014-05-30

    An overview of Idaho National Laboratory's MOOSE: Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment

  12. Pervasive Restart In MOOSE-based Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derek Gaston; Cody Permann; David Andrs; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Jason Miller

    2014-01-01

    Multiphysics applications are inherently complicated. Solving for multiple, interacting physical phenomena involves the solution of multiple equations, and each equation has its own data dependencies. Feeding the correct data to these equations at exactly the right time requires extensive effort in software design. In an ideal world, multiphysics applications always run to completion and produce correct answers. Unfortunately, in reality, there can be many reasons why a simulation might fail: power outage, system failure, exceeding a runtime allotment on a supercomputer, failure of the solver to converge, etc. A failure after many hours spent computing can be a significant setback for a project. Therefore, the ability to “continue” a solve from the point of failure, rather than starting again from scratch, is an essential component of any high-quality simulation tool. This process of “continuation” is commonly termed “restart” in the computational community. While the concept of restarting an application sounds ideal, the aforementioned complexities and data dependencies present in multiphysics applications make its implementation decidedly non-trivial. A running multiphysics calculation accumulates an enormous amount of “state”: current time, solution history, material properties, status of mechanical contact, etc. This “state” data comes in many different forms, including scalar, tensor, vector, and arbitrary, application-specific data types. To be able to restart an application, you must be able to both store and retrieve this data, effectively recreating the state of the application before the failure. When utilizing the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) framework developed at Idaho National Laboratory, this state data is stored both internally within the framework itself (such as solution vectors and the current time) and within the applications that use the framework. In order to implement restart in MOOSE-based applications, the total state of the system (both within the framework and without) must be stored and retrieved. To this end, the MOOSE team has implemented a “pervasive” restart capability which allows any object within MOOSE (or within a MOOSE-based application) to be declared as “state” data, and handles the storage and retrieval of said data.

  13. Florida Bull Test 2014 Health Form (This form must accompany bulls at delivery to the Bull Test.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Florida Bull Test 2014 Health Form (This form must accompany bulls at delivery to the Bull Test Inspection** (Health Paper) Date________________ Brucellosis Test Date_____________ or Certification Number_______________ Tuberculosis Test Date_____________ or Certification Number_______________ or T.B. free state ____________(yes

  14. Status of Oregon's Bull Trout.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchanan, David V.; Hanson, Mary L.; Hooton, Robert M.

    1997-10-01

    Limited historical references indicate that bull trout Salvelinus confluentus in Oregon were once widely spread throughout at least 12 basins in the Klamath River and Columbia River systems. No bull trout have been observed in Oregon's coastal systems. A total of 69 bull trout populations in 12 basins are currently identified in Oregon. A comparison of the 1991 bull trout status (Ratliff and Howell 1992) to the revised 1996 status found that 7 populations were newly discovered and 1 population showed a positive or upgraded status while 22 populations showed a negative or downgraded status. The general downgrading of 32% of Oregon's bull trout populations appears largely due to increased survey efforts and increased survey accuracy rather than reduced numbers or distribution. However, three populations in the upper Klamath Basin, two in the Walla Walla Basin, and one in the Willamette Basin showed decreases in estimated population abundance or distribution.

  15. Sandia Energy - Diana Bull

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSample SULIColin Humphreys HomeWednesday,EngineeringDiana Bull

  16. TEST STATION SALE OF PERFORMANCE TESTED BULLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    in the test had to meet minimum performance requirements. Those were: CREEP NON-CREEP Adj 205 day wt. 560 520AS-B428 U T BULL TEST STATION SALE OF PERFORMANCE TESTED BULLS THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 2012 12:00 NOON IN GREENEVILLE AND KNOXVILLE LIVESTOCK CENTER http://animalscience.ag.utk.edu/ (For video) #12;UT BULL TEST

  17. EFFECTS OF VARIABLE FIRE SEVERITY ON FORAGE PRODUCTION AND FORAGING BEHAVIOR OF MOOSE IN WINTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    found that moose exhibited significantly higher browse consumption relative to browse production in high production and consumption by accounting for the significant differences in browse consumption betweenEFFECTS OF VARIABLE FIRE SEVERITY ON FORAGE PRODUCTION AND FORAGING BEHAVIOR OF MOOSE IN WINTER

  18. Using a Bull Call Spread 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevers, Stan; Amosson, Stephen H.; Waller, Mark L.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-10-07

    The Bull Call Spread can be used to hedge against or to benefit from a rising market. The user buys a call option at a particular strike price and sells a call option at a higher strike price. Margin requirements, advantages and disadvantages...

  19. Moose Lake Water & Light Comm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoeOhio: EnergyMoonMoose Lake

  20. Bull Hill | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull Creek Wind Farm

  1. Palatability of beef from young bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Ray Renfrow

    1981-01-01

    Palatability of Beef from Young Bulls. (December 1981) Ray Renfrow Riley, B. S. , Texas ASM University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. W, Savell Dr. G. C. Smrth Electrical stimulation (ES), subcutaneous fat thickness and carcass masculinity... such matched steers were not different (P&. 05) - n overall palatability than steaks from ES young bulls. Steaks from U. S. Choice steers and from U. S. Good steers or bulls that had at least. 7. 62 mm fat thickness did not differ (P&. 05) in 39 of 42...

  2. Redwing: A MOOSE application for coupling MPACT and BISON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frederick N. Gleicher; Michael Rose; Tom Downar

    2014-11-01

    Fuel performance and whole core neutron transport programs are often used to analyze fuel behavior as it is depleted in a reactor. For fuel performance programs, internal models provide the local intra-pin power density, fast neutron flux, burnup, and fission rate density, which are needed for a fuel performance analysis. The fuel performance internal models have a number of limitations. These include effects on the intra-pin power distribution by nearby assembly elements, such as water channels and control rods, and the further limitation of applicability to a specified fuel type such as low enriched UO2. In addition, whole core neutron transport codes need an accurate intra-pin temperature distribution in order to calculate neutron cross sections. Fuel performance simulations are able to model the intra-pin fuel displacement as the fuel expands and densifies. These displacements must be accurately modeled in order to capture the eventual mechanical contact of the fuel and the clad; the correct radial gap width is needed for an accurate calculation of the temperature distribution of the fuel rod. Redwing is a MOOSE-based application that enables coupling between MPACT and BISON for transport and fuel performance coupling. MPACT is a 3D neutron transport and reactor core simulator based on the method of characteristics (MOC). The development of MPACT began at the University of Michigan (UM) and now is under the joint development of ORNL and UM as part of the DOE CASL Simulation Hub. MPACT is able to model the effects of local assembly elements and is able calculate intra-pin quantities such as the local power density on a volumetric mesh for any fuel type. BISON is a fuel performance application of Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE), which is under development at Idaho National Laboratory. BISON is able to solve the nonlinearly coupled mechanical deformation and heat transfer finite element equations that model a fuel element as it is depleted in a nuclear reactor. Redwing couples BISON and MPACT in a single application. Redwing maps and transfers the individual intra-pin quantities such as fission rate density, power density, and fast neutron flux from the MPACT volumetric mesh to the individual BISON finite element meshes. For a two-way coupling Redwing maps and transfers the individual pin temperature field and axially dependent coolant densities from the BISON mesh to the MPACT volumetric mesh. Details of the mapping are given. Redwing advances the simulation with the MPACT solution for each depletion time step and then advances the multiple BISON simulations for fuel performance calculations. Sub-cycle advancement can be applied to the individual BISON simulations and allows multiple time steps to be applied to the fuel performance simulations. Currently, only loose coupling where data from a previous time step is applied to the current time step is performed.

  3. Antler Stiffness in Moose (Alces alces): Correlated Evolution of Bone Function and Material Properties?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blob, Richard W.

    , Clemson, South Carolina 29634 ABSTRACT The material properties of bone can vary considerably among in bone material properties might be correlated with differing functional demands at any of these scales- tudes like the Yukon has the potential to compromise bone material properties. However, moose have

  4. The Use and Destruction of Minoan Stone Bull's Head Rhyta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul

    1995-01-01

    This study of Minoan bull-head rhyta examines all the surviving fragments and concludes that they were deliberately smashed, probably in some kind of ritual.

  5. Bull Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull Creek Wind Farm Jump

  6. Top-Higgs and Top-pion phenomenology in the Top Triangle Moose model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Sekhar Chivukula; Baradhwaj Coleppa; Heather E. Logan; Adam Martin; Elizabeth H. Simmons

    2011-01-31

    We discuss the deconstructed version of a topcolor-assisted technicolor model wherein the mechanism of top quark mass generation is separated from the rest of electroweak symmetry breaking. The minimal deconstructed version of this scenario is a "triangle moose" model, where the top quark gets its mass from coupling to a top-Higgs field, while the gauge boson masses are generated from a Higgsless sector. The spectrum of the model includes scalar (top-Higgs) and pseudoscalar (top-pion) states. In this paper, we study the properties of these particles, discuss their production mechanisms and decay modes, and suggest how best to search for them at the LHC.

  7. Journal of Environmental Monitoring b903417j Mercury, lead and lead isotope ratios in the teeth of moose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    903417j Assessing the effect of recent reductions in atmospheric pollution on metal concentrations that the primary sources of Pb at different times in the moose were combustion of U.S. coal and leaded gasoline. Reductions in emissions from coal combustion might explain the co- incident reductions of Hg and Pb in Isle

  8. Bulls, Bears and Excess Volatility: can currency intervention help?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrado, Luisa; Miller, Marcus; Zhang, Lei

    and exit of currency 'bulls' and 'bears' with switches driven by 'draw-down' trading rules. We argue that non-sterilised intervention - in support of 'monitoring band' - can reduce excess volatility by coordinating beliefs in line with policy. Strategic...

  9. Bull Outdoor Products: Proposed Penalty (2015-CE-14014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Bull Outdoor Products, Inc. failed to certify refrigerator basic model BC-130 as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  10. Lean color characteristics of beef from steers and young bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purser, David Elbert

    1982-01-01

    bulls are more muscular with less fat than those from steers; it would seem logical that beef from young bulls could be utilized at the retail level to provide consumers with retail cuts with less fat. One of the problems associated with marketing... panel evaluations of steaks from retail display, microbial sampling, colorimetric measures of muscle surface light reflectance, pH, and total pigment concentration were analyzed to determine causes, if any, for the differences in muscle color between...

  11. Bull Solar GmbH Bull Holding AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroupsSolar GmbH Bull

  12. Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Bull-Leaping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1976-01-01

    describes a wall relief fresco as a man holding the horn of a bull (PM Ill 5o4-5o7, fig. 35oA). According to the late Dr. Bernd Kaiser (personal conversation, May 1974) the object is not a horn, however, for it does not taper' It seems best. therefore... Position r ll.Z. Sealing from Knossos, Room of the Niche,' itiptessed by a ring or amygdaloid and then counter-marked' LM IIIA:t' "iii.t 73, no' oa (HM ro8); Betts' fig' Bull right in a flying gallop; above, a leaper' "r*, o"rrt.tr.tched before him...

  13. Evaluation of traits associated with bucking bull performance and behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Natasha Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    Video and industry data were used to assess the inter-relationships of aggression, delivery, coat color, year of birth, number of outs, buckoff percent and score in rodeo bulls. An evaluation of laterality based on observations of how the individual...

  14. Optimal Resistive Control Strategy for a Floating Diana Bull1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    and power performance. Keywords--wave energy, OWC, moonpool, BBDB, 3-dimensional frequency domain of floating OWC devices. This design is an L-shape with the opening to the ocean downstream from the waveOptimal Resistive Control Strategy for a Floating OWC Device Diana Bull1 , Erick Johnson2 1 Sandia

  15. BULL: a Library for Learning Algorithms of Boolean Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bow-Yaw

    BULL: a Library for Learning Algorithms of Boolean Functions Yu-Fang Chen and Bow-Yaw Wang Academia publicly available implementation of learning algorithms for Boolean functions. The tool is implemented in the library. The classical CDNF algorithm infers Boolean functions over a fixed number of variables

  16. Oklahoma BEEF Incorporated (OBI) Bull Delivery Sheet Central bull testing at Oklahoma BEEF, Incorporated, is managed and supervised with the emphasis on the performance, health, and safety of the bulls; however, Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    Oklahoma BEEF Incorporated (OBI) Bull Delivery Sheet Central bull testing at Oklahoma BEEF; however, Oklahoma BEEF, Incorporated, its board of directors, employees, advisors and office secretary for Oklahoma Cattle *Out of state cattle must comply with Oklahoma Animal Health requirements Date Tested

  17. Temporary Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paluch, Mark; Scholz, Allan; McLellan, Holly; Olson, Jason

    2009-07-13

    This study was designed to monitor movements of bull trout that were provided passage above Albeni Falls Dam, Pend Oreille River. Electrofishing and angling were used to collect bull trout below the dam. Tissue samples were collected from each bull trout and sent to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Abernathy Fish Technology Center Conservation Genetics Lab, Washington. The DNA extracted from tissue samples were compared to a catalog of bull trout population DNA from the Priest River drainage, Lake Pend Oreille tributaries, and the Clark Fork drainage to determine the most probable tributary of origin. A combined acoustic radio or radio tag was implanted in each fish prior to being transported and released above the dam. Bull trout relocated above the dam were able to volitionally migrate into their natal tributary, drop back downstream, or migrate upstream to the next dam. A combination of stationary radio receiving stations and tracking via aircraft, boat, and vehicle were used to monitor the movement of tagged fish to determine if the spawning tributary it selected matched the tributary assigned from the genetic analysis. Seven bull trout were captured during electrofishing surveys in 2008. Of these seven, four were tagged and relocated above the dam. Two were tagged and left below the dam as part of a study monitoring movements below the dam. One was immature and too small at the time of capture to implant a tracking tag. All four fish released above the dam passed by stationary receivers stations leading into Lake Pend Oreille and no fish dropped back below the dam. One of the radio tags was recovered in the tributary corresponding with the results of the genetic test. Another fish was located in the vicinity of its assigned tributary, which was impassable due to low water discharge at its mouth. Two fish have not been located since entering the lake. Of these fish, one was immature and not expected to enter its natal tributary in the fall of 2008. The other fish was large enough to be mature, but at the time of capture its sex was unable to be determined, indicating it may not have been mature at the time of capture. These fish are expected to enter their natal tributaries in early summer or fall of 2009.

  18. The coupling of the neutron transport application RATTLESNAKE to the nuclear fuels performance application BISON under the MOOSE framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleicher, Frederick N.; Williamson, Richard L.; Ortensi, Javier; Wang, Yaqi; Spencer, Benjamin W.; Novascone, Stephen R.; Hales, Jason D.; Martineau, Richard C.

    2014-10-01

    The MOOSE neutron transport application RATTLESNAKE was coupled to the fuels performance application BISON to provide a higher fidelity tool for fuel performance simulation. This project is motivated by the desire to couple a high fidelity core analysis program (based on the self-adjoint angular flux equations) to a high fidelity fuel performance program, both of which can simulate on unstructured meshes. RATTLESNAKE solves self-adjoint angular flux transport equation and provides a sub-pin level resolution of the multigroup neutron flux with resonance treatment during burnup or a fast transient. BISON solves the coupled thermomechanical equations for the fuel on a sub-millimeter scale. Both applications are able to solve their respective systems on aligned and unaligned unstructured finite element meshes. The power density and local burnup was transferred from RATTLESNAKE to BISON with the MOOSE Multiapp transfer system. Multiple depletion cases were run with one-way data transfer from RATTLESNAKE to BISON. The eigenvalues are shown to agree well with values obtained from the lattice physics code DRAGON. The one-way data transfer of power density is shown to agree with the power density obtained from an internal Lassman-style model in BISON.

  19. Monitor and Protect Wigwam River Bull Trout for Koocanusa Reservoir : Summary of the Skookumchuck Creek Bull Trout Enumeration Project Final Report 2000-2002.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, Jeremy; Baxter, James S.

    2002-12-01

    This report summarizes the third and final year of a bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) enumeration project on Skookumchuck Creek in southeastern British Columbia. The fence and traps were operated from September 6th to October 11th 2002 in order to enumerate post-spawning bull trout. During the study period a total of 309 bull trout were captured at the fence. In total, 16 fish of undetermined sex, 114 males and 179 females were processed at the fence. Length and weight data, as well as recapture information, were collected for these fish. An additional 41 bull trout were enumerated upstream of the fence by snorkeling prior to fence removal. Coupled with the fence count, the total bull trout enumerated during the project was 350 individuals. Several fish that were tagged in the lower Bull River were recaptured in 2002, as were repeat and alternate year spawners previously enumerated in past years at the fence. A total of 149 bull trout redds were enumerated on the ground in 2002, of which 143 were in the 3.0 km index section (river km 27.5-30.5) that has been surveyed over the past six years. The results of the three year project are summarized, and population characteristics are discussed.

  20. THE BULL RUN RIVER-RESERVOIR SYSTEM MODEL Robert L. Annear, Research Assistant, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Portland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    1 THE BULL RUN RIVER-RESERVOIR SYSTEM MODEL Robert L. Annear, Research Assistant, Civil selective withdrawal operations from historical patterns. INTRODUCTION The Bull Run River-Reservoir system from Reservoir #2 into the Lower Bull Run River during the summer months. Water temperatures

  1. Evaluation of carcass traits of F? calves sired by Bos indicus bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, Cody Allen

    1999-01-01

    The carcass traits of 229 F[] steers sired by 15 Brahman bulls and 1 Nellore bull and out of Angus and Hereford dams were evaluated. The first calves were born in the Spring of 1994 and the last calves were born in the Spring of 1998. Of the steers...

  2. When the ``bull'' meets the ``bear''---A first passage time problem for a hidden Markov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Xin

    , when applied to the stock market, provides an explicit mathematical interpretation of the fact that in finite time, there is positive probability for the bull (bear) market to become bear (bull). Keywords: First passage time; the Laplace transform; Hidden Markov processes; Brownian motion 1 Introduction Let

  3. PEFC-Certified Fencing for 2010 Pamplona Bull Run JUL 05 2010 | SPAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PEFC-Certified Fencing for 2010 Pamplona Bull Run JUL 05 2010 | SPAIN This year, the fences marking the route of the Bull Run at the world-renowned San Fermin Festival will be made from PEFC-certified timber used for the fence is locally sourced from sustainably-managed, PEFC-certified forests. The pinewood

  4. Evaluation of INL Supplied MOOSE/OSPREY Model: Modeling Water Adsorption on Type 3A Molecular Sieve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pompilio, L. M.; DePaoli, D. W.; Spencer, B. B.

    2014-08-29

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate Idaho National Lab’s Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) software in modeling the adsorption of water onto type 3A molecular sieve (3AMS). MOOSE can be thought-of as a computing framework within which applications modeling specific coupled-phenomena can be developed and run. The application titled Off-gas SeParation and REcoverY (OSPREY) has been developed to model gas sorption in packed columns. The sorbate breakthrough curve calculated by MOOSE/OSPREY was compared to results previously obtained in the deep bed hydration tests conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The coding framework permits selection of various options, when they exist, for modeling a process. For example, the OSPREY module includes options to model the adsorption equilibrium with a Langmuir model or a generalized statistical thermodynamic adsorption (GSTA) model. The vapor solid equilibria and the operating conditions of the process (e.g., gas phase concentration) are required to calculate the concentration gradient driving the mass transfer between phases. Both the Langmuir and GSTA models were tested in this evaluation. Input variables were either known from experimental conditions, or were available (e.g., density) or were estimated (e.g., thermal conductivity of sorbent) from the literature. Variables were considered independent of time, i.e., rather than having a mass transfer coefficient that varied with time or position in the bed, the parameter was set to remain constant. The calculated results did not coincide with data from laboratory tests. The model accurately estimated the number of bed volumes processed for the given operating parameters, but breakthrough times were not accurately predicted, varying 50% or more from the data. The shape of the breakthrough curves also differed from the experimental data, indicating a much wider sorption band. Model modifications are needed to improve its utility and predictive capability. Recommended improvements include: greater flexibility for input of mass transfer parameters, time-variable gas inlet concentration, direct output of loading and temperature profiles along the bed, and capability to conduct simulations of beds in series.

  5. National market cow and bull beef quality audit-2007: a survey of producer-related defects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, John David Whitson

    2009-05-15

    Packing plants (n = 23), were audited for producer-related defects found in cull cows and bulls. Interviews, live animal and carcass evaluations, and subprimal evaluations were conducted during each audit. A drastic reduction ...

  6. Evaluate Bull Trout Movements in the Tucannon and Lower Snake Rivers, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faler, Michael P.; Mendel, Glen W.; Fulton, Carl

    2004-04-01

    We collected 279 adult bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Tucannon River during the Spring and Fall of 2003. Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags were inserted in 191 of them, and we detected existing PIT tags in an additional 31bull trout. Thirty five of these were also surgically implanted with radio-tags, and we monitored the movements of these fish throughout the year. Fourteen radio-tags were recovered shortly after tagging, and as a result, 21 remained in the river through December 31, 2003. Four bull trout that were radio-tagged in spring 2002 were known to survive and carry their tags through the spring and/or summer of 2003. One of these fish spent the winter near river mile (RM) 13.0; the other 3 over-wintered in the vicinity of the Tucannon Hatchery between RM 34 and 36. Twenty-one radio tags from bull trout tagged in 2002 were recovered during the spring and summer, 2003. These tags became stationary the winter of 2002/2003, and were recovered between RM 11 and 55. We were unable to recover the remaining 15 tags from 2002. During the month of July, radio-tagged bull trout exhibited a general upstream movement into the upper reaches of the Tucannon subbasin. We observed some downstream movements of radio-tagged bull trout in mid to late September and throughout October. By late November and early December, radio tagged bull trout were relatively stationary, and were distributed from the headwaters downstream to river mile 6.4, near Lower Monumental Pool. As in 2002, we did not conduct work associated with objectives 2, 3, or 4 of this study, because we were unable to monitor migratory movement of radio-tagged bull trout into the Federal hydropower system on the mainstem Snake River. Transmission tests of submerged ATS model F1830 radio-tags in Lower Granite Pool showed that audible detection and individual tag identification was possible at depths of 20 and 30 ft. Tests were conducted using an ATS R-4000 Receiver equipped with an ''H'' antenna at 200 and 700 feet above water surface from a helicopter. Audible detection and frequency separation were possible at both elevations. Two years of high tag loss, particularly after spawning, has prevented us from documenting fall and winter movements with an adequate sample of radio tagged bull trout. The high transmitter loss after spawning may be a reflection of high natural mortality for large, older age fish that we have been radio tagging to accommodate the longer life transmitters. Therefore, we are planning to reduce the size of the radio tags that we implant, and delay most of our collection and tagging of bull trout until after spawning. These changes are a new approach to try to maximize the number of radio tagged bull trout available post spawning to adequately document fall and winter movements and any use of the Snake River by bull trout from the Tucannon River.

  7. Evaluate Bull Trout Movements in the Tucannon and Lower Snake Rivers, 2001-2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faler, Michael P.; Mendel, Glen W.; Fulton, Carl

    2003-06-01

    We collected, radio-tagged, and PIT-tagged 41 bull trout at the Tucannon River Hatchery trap from May 17, through June 14, 2002. An additional 65 bull trout were also collected and PIT tagged by June 24, at which time we ceased PIT tagging operations because water temperatures were reaching 16.0 C or higher on a regular basis. Six radio-tags were recovered shortly after tagging, and as a result, 35 remained in the river through November 30, 2002. During the month of July, radio-tagged bull trout exhibited a general upstream movement into the upper reaches of the Tucannon Subbasin. We began to observe some downstream movements of radio-tagged bull trout in mid to late September and throughout October. These movements appeared to be associated with post spawning migrations. As of November 30, radio tagged bull trout were relatively stationary, and distributed from the headwaters downstream to river mile 11.3, near Pataha Creek. None of the radio-tagged bull trout left the Tucannon Subbasin and entered the federal hydropower system on the mainstem Snake River. We conducted some initial transmission tests of submerged radio tags at depths of 25, 35, 45, and 55 ft. in Lower Monumental Pool to test our capability of detection at these depths. Equipment used included Lotek model MCFT-3A transmitters, an SRX 400 receiver, a 4 element Yagi antenna, and a Lotek ''H'' antenna. Test results indicated that depth transmission of these tags was poor; only the transmitter placed at 25 ft. was audibly detectable.

  8. Evaluate Bull Trout Movements in the Tucannon and Lower Snake Rivers, 2004 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faler, Michael P.; Mendel, Glen W.; Fulton, Carl

    2005-11-01

    We sampled and released 313 bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) from the Tucannon River in 2004. Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags were inserted in 231 of these individuals, and we detected existing PIT tags in an additional 44 bull trout. Twenty-five of these were also surgically implanted with radio-tags, and we monitored the movements of these fish throughout the year. Ten bull trout that were radio-tagged in 2003 were known to survive and carry their tags through the spring of 2004. One of these fish outmigrated into the Snake River in the fall, and remained undetected until February, when it's tag was located near the confluence of Alkali Flat Creek and the Snake River. The remaining 9 fish spent the winter between Tucannon River miles 2.1 (Powers Road) and 36.0 (Tucannon Fish Hatchery). Seven of these fish retained their tags through the summer, and migrated to known spawning habitat prior to September 2004. During June and July, radio-tagged bull trout again exhibited a general upstream movement into the upper reaches of the Tucannon subbasin. As in past years, we observed some downstream movements of radio-tagged bull trout in mid to late September and throughout October, suggesting post spawning outmigrations. By late November and early December, radio tagged bull trout were relatively stationary, and were distributed from river mile 42 at Camp Wooten downstream to river mile 17, near the Highway 12 bridge. As in previous years, we did not collect data associated with objectives 2, 3, or 4 of this study, because we were unable to monitor migratory movement of radio-tagged bull trout into the vicinity of the hydropower dams on the main stem Snake River. Transmission tests of submerged Lotek model NTC-6-2 nano-tags in Lower Granite Pool showed that audible detection and individual tag identification was possible at depths of 20, 30, and 40 ft. We were able to maintain tag detection and code separation at all depths from both a boat and 200 ft. above water surface in a helicopter. However, we lost detection capability from 40 ft. water depth when we passed 700 ft. above the water surface in a helicopter. Two years of high tag loss, particularly after spawning, has prevented us from documenting fall and winter movements with an adequate sample of radio tagged bull trout. The high transmitter loss after spawning may be a reflection of high natural mortality for large, older age fish that we have been radio tagging to accommodate the longer life transmitters. Therefore, we reduced the size of the radio tags that we implanted, and delayed most of our collection and tagging of bull trout until after spawning. These changes are a new approach to try to maximize the number of radio tagged bull trout available post spawning to adequately document fall and winter movements and any use of the Snake River by bull trout from the Tucannon River.

  9. Influence of Bull Traits and Bull to Female Ratio on Reproductive Perfromance in Beef Females and of Nutrition During Gestation on Calving Difficulty in Primiparous Beef Females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloomberg, Blake David

    2011-08-08

    trait across all 3 years.. 36 4 Repeatablity (r) of physical and reproductive traits of bulls pre- and post- breeding season??????????????... 36 5 Mean + SE heifer traits at initiation of trial... difference could have very complex results. Nutrition Extremely low energy intake beginning early in life can delay puberty (Bratton et al., 1959; VanDemark and Mauger, 1964) and, if severe enough, can permanently impair sperm output (VanDemark et al...

  10. Wilson Bull., 112(4), 2000, pp. 457466 SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM OF THE MUSK DUCK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afton, Alan D.

    457 Wilson Bull., 112(4), 2000, pp. 457­466 SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM OF THE MUSK DUCK KEVIN G. McCRACKEN,1, 2, 3, 4, 5 DAVID C. PATON, 2 AND ALAN D. AFTON3 ABSTRACT.--We examined sexual size dimorphism-displaying species, Musk Ducks exhibit extreme sexual size di- morphism in addition to structural dimorphism. Body

  11. Bull Earthquake Eng DOI 10.1007/s10518-009-9147-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Bull Earthquake Eng DOI 10.1007/s10518-009-9147-0 ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER The seismic future occurred during a time that is short compared to the return time of damaging earthquakes. In the next century, therefore, earthquakes that had little impact on villages and towns, will be shaking urban

  12. Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 45 (1), 2002 pp. 8996 On Gunning's Prime Form in Genus 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, David

    Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 45 (1), 2002 pp. 89­96 On Gunning's Prime Form in Genus 2 David Grant for Gunning's prime form in genus 2 in terms of theta functions and their derivatives. Let X be a compact] Gunning introduced a different prime form, which has a factor of automorphy that is more closely related

  13. Appendix 69 Bull Trout Draft Recovery Plan. Chapter 3: Clark Fork Recovery Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix 69 Bull Trout Draft Recovery Plan. Chapter 3: Clark Fork Recovery Unit #12;Chapter 3 State(s): Montana, Idaho, and Washington Recovery Unit Name: Clark Fork River (Including Lake Pend Oreille, Priest and Wildlife Service. 2002. Chapter 3, Clark Fork River Recovery Unit, Montana, Idaho, and Washington. 285 p. U

  14. LOSS OF PLASMA MEMBRANE PROTEINS OF BULL SPERMATOZOA THROUGH THE FREEZING -THAWING PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaragoza, Universidad de

    ELSEVIER LOSS OF PLASMA MEMBRANE PROTEINS OF BULL SPERMATOZOA THROUGH THE FREEZING -THAWING PROCESS that some cell membrane proteins are lost through the freezing-thawing process. © 1998by ElsevierScience Inc of sperm cells, adsorption would probably be more affected at freezing temperatures, since some

  15. A Parallel Java Grande Benchmark Suite L. A. Smith and J. M. Bull

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Mark

    A Parallel Java Grande Benchmark Suite L. A. Smith and J. M. Bull EPCC, The King's Buildings Republic. email: xobdrzal@fi.muni.cz Abstract Increasing interest is being shown in the use of Java for large scale or Grande applications. This new use of Java places specific demands on the Java execution

  16. Wilson Bull., 108(4), 1996, pp. 662-672 MIGRATION ROUTES OF THE WESTERN SANDPIPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandercock, Brett K.

    Wilson Bull., 108(4), 1996, pp. 662-672 MIGRATION ROUTES OF THE WESTERN SANDPIPER ROBERTW. BUTLER, Mexico, British Columbia, and Alaska. Ninety-five sightings were made in states and provinces along Peru were seen east of the Rocky Mountains. We propose that most Western Sandpipers migrate from

  17. Bull. Astr. Soc. India (2010) 38, 147163 Comparison of energies between eruptive phenomena and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Tim

    2010-01-01

    Bull. Astr. Soc. India (2010) 38, 147­163 Comparison of energies between eruptive phenomena the energy carried away by a coronal mass ejection (CME) and the radiative energy loss in associated flare plasma, with the decrease in magnetic free energy during a release in active region NOAA 10930

  18. 0.S e Weather Bureau. Preliminary report with advisories and bulle-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QC 945.2 .D42 H8 1963 c.2 0.S e Weather Bureau. Preliminary report with advisories and bulle- tins issued. Hurricane Debra, September 21-24, 1963. #12;U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 0,$, WEATHER BUREAU SEP 21- 24,1963 #12;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Weather Bureau Hurricane Series

  19. The City College of New York UNDERGRaDUatE BUllEtiN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yi

    The City College of New York UNDERGRaDUatE BUllEtiN #12;The City College of New York Undergraduate Bulletin 2013 - 2015 The City University of New York · 160 Convent Avenue at 138th Street · New York, NY of Trustees of The City University of New York. Student complaints alleging sexual harassment should

  20. Reference: Bid. Bull. 181: 371-378. (December, 1991) Kinetics of Fertilization in the Sea Urchin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Reference: Bid. Bull. 181: 371-378. (December, 1991) Kinetics of Fertilization in the Sea Urchin of free spawning or- ganisms. The first is to collect field data during spawning events, and the second to collect relevant data during rare spawning events (Petersen, in press, Petersen et al., in press

  1. Reference: Biol. Bull. 190: 139-147. (February, 1996) Acid-Base Status of the Oyster Crassostrea virginica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnett, Louis E.

    Reference: Biol. Bull. 190: 139-147. (February, 1996) Acid-Base Status of the Oyster Crassostrea; in histological sections, infective spores(usually 2-20 pm in diameter) can beseenboth intra- and intercellularly

  2. Reference: Bid Bull. 192: 62-72. (February, 1997) Effects of Common Estuarine Pollutants on the Immune

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raftos, David

    Reference: Bid Bull. 192: 62-72. (February, 1997) Effects of Common Estuarine Pollutants on the route of toxi- cant administration. The data suggest that pollutants can activate cascades of cellular

  3. Spécification pour une table de projection et d'étude des photographies provenant de la chambre ŕ bulles de 2 metres ŕ hydrogen liquide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva. TC-200

    1965-01-01

    Spécification pour une table de projection et d'étude des photographies provenant de la chambre ŕ bulles de 2 metres ŕ hydrogen liquide

  4. Electrochemistry on Alternate Structures of Gold Nanoparticles Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2004, Vol. 25, No. 11 1681 Electrochemistry on Alternate Structures of Gold Nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Juhyoun

    Electrochemistry on Alternate Structures of Gold Nanoparticles Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2004, Vol. 25, No. 11 1681 Electrochemistry on Alternate Structures of Gold Nanoparticles and Ferrocene

  5. Serving capacity and social dominance in the bull: assessment and effects on fertility at pasture 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, Bruce Bryan

    1990-01-01

    and content by: David W. Forrest (Chair of Committee) Dennis B. Herd (Member) L. R. Sprott (Member) Barron S. Rector (Member) Gary C. Smith (Head of Department) May 1990 ABSTRACT Serving Capacity and Social Dominance in the Bull: Assessment... and Effects on Fertility at Pasture (Nay, 1990) Bruce Bryan Carpenter, B. S. New Mexico State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David W. Forrest Experiments were conducted at the King Ranch and at the McGregor and Uvalde Research Centers. Factors...

  6. T.M. Bull Bennett, PhD | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department ofSUPPLEMENTSwitzerland|ofSessions | DepartmentT.M. Bull

  7. Evaluation of Bull Trout Movements in the Tucannon and Lower Snake Rivers, 2002-2006 Project Completion Summary.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faler, Michael P.; Mendel, Glen; Fulton, Carl

    2008-11-20

    The Columbia River Distinct Population Segment of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) was listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act in 1998. One of the identified major threats to the species is fragmentation resulting from dams on over-wintering habitats of migratory subpopulations. A migratory subgroup in the Tucannon River appeared to utilize the Snake River reservoirs for adult rearing on a seasonal basis. As a result, a radio telemetry study was conducted on this subgroup from 2002-2006, to help meet Reasonable and Prudent Measures, and Conservation Recommendations associated with the lower Snake River dams in the FCRPS Biological Opinion, and to increase understanding of bull trout movements within the Tucannon River drainage. We sampled 1,109 bull trout in the Tucannon River; 124 of these were surgically implanted with radio tags and PIT tagged, and 681 were only PIT tagged. The remaining 304 fish were either recaptures, or released unmarked. Bull trout seasonal movements within the Tucannon River were similar to those described for other migratory bull trout populations. Bull trout migrated upstream in spring and early summer to the spawning areas in upper portions of the Tucannon River watershed. They quickly moved off the spawning areas in the fall, and either held or continued a slower migration downstream through the winter until early the following spring. During late fall and winter, bull trout were distributed in the lower half of the Tucannon River basin, down to and including the mainstem Snake River below Little Goose Dam. We were unable to adequately radio track bull trout in the Snake River and evaluate their movements or interactions with the federal hydroelectric dams for the following reasons: (1) none of our radio-tagged fish were detected attempting to pass a Snake River dam, (2) our radio tags had poor transmission capability at depths greater than 12.2 m, and (3) the sample size of fish that actually entered the Snake River was small (n=6). In spite of this project's shortcomings, bull trout continue to be observed in low numbers at Snake River dam fish facilities. It is highly possible that bull trout observed at the Snake River dam fish facilities are originating from sources other than the Tucannon River. We suggest that these fish might come from upstream sources like the Clearwater or Salmon rivers in Idaho, and are simply following the outmigration of juvenile anadromous fish (a food supply) as they emigrate toward the Pacific Ocean. Based on our study results, we recommend abandoning radio telemetry as a tool to monitor bull trout movements in the mainstem Snake River. We do recommend continuing PIT tagging and tag interrogation activities to help determine the origin of bull trout using the Snake River hydropower facilities. As a complementary approach, we also suggest the use of genetic assignment tests to help determine the origin of these fish. Lastly, several recommendations are included in the report to help manage and recover bull trout in the Tucannon subbasin.

  8. SUR LA POSSIBILIT D'UTILISATION D'UNE CHAMBRE A BULLES A PROPANE POUR L'TUDE DES RACTIONS NUCLAIRES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    175 A. SUR LA POSSIBILITÉ D'UTILISATION D'UNE CHAMBRE A BULLES A PROPANE POUR L'ÉTUDE DES RÉACTIONS. - Mise au point et étude des caractéristiques du fonctionnement d'une chambre ŕ bulles ŕ propane de 6 135 MeV. Abstract. 2014 Adjustment and studies of some characteristics of a 6 litre propane bubble

  9. The use of bovine blood serum as an extender for bull semen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Jose Alfonso

    1968-01-01

    of bull, ram, rabbit and boar by agar gel electrophoresis. J. Reprod. Fert. 9:217. Bernshtein, A. 1933. Problems of artificial insemination, (Trans. title. ) An, Breed. Abstr. 1;82. Bratton, R, W. , Foote, R. H. , Musgrave, S. D. and VanDemark, N. L.... 1949. Livability and fertility of bovine spermatozoa in different diluents. J. Dairy Sci, 32:604. Bratton, R. W. , Foots, R. H. and Henderson, C. R. 1954. The relationship between fertility and the number of spermatozoa inseminated. J. Dairy Sci. 37...

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - Bull Shoals U1 repair MSB edit 3.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms toPalladium wavy nanowiresDataDistrict -Bull

  11. Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R. Durbin, MD, MSCEb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Right Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R and young children regarding the safest way for them to ride in a car. Child fatalities and injuries and research provided by the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration, the car safety seat

  12. Evaluation of Performance Traits in Brahman Cattle: Blood Parameters, Calf Temperament, Residual Feed Intake, and Bull Reproductive Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matheney, Kara J.

    2010-10-12

    in Brahman bulls (n = 41). Serum was collected at 24 h and d 21 to 24, and analyzed for total protein (TP) immunoglobulin G (IgG), and cortisol (CS). Calves were weighed at 24 h, weighed and evaluated for temperament using exit velocity (EV) at d 21 to 24...

  13. Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson Bull., 11l(l), 1999, pp. 100-104 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON UPLAND NESTING BIRDS in southwestern Minnesota to determine the relative influence of wind turbines on overall densities of upland transects that were placed along wind turbine strings within three CRP fields and in three CRP fields

  14. Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on BEER, 2013 Home Range Methods for a Reintroduced Yearling Bull Elk in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vance, James A.

    Fisheries released 16 GPS satellite collared adult elk (C. c. nelson) on a reclaimed strip mine in Buchanan in the Spring of 2012 by moving 16 adult elk from Kentucky to Buchanan County, VA. In Kentucky, the elk were the movements of a one-year-old bull elk, B-12. We received data locations from B-12 for three months

  15. [1] The cohomology of restricted Lie algebras and of Hopf algebras. Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 71(1965), 372377.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    1965-01-01

    . Math. Soc. 71(1965), 372­377. [2] The cohomology of the Steenrod algebra; stable homotopy groups of spheres. Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 71(1965), 377­380. [3] The cohomology of restricted Lie algebras Massey products for DGA-algebras. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 122(1966), 334­340. [5] Simplicial objects

  16. Bull Mar Sci. 90(3):781794. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.5343/bms.2013.1056

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durako, Michael J.

    Bull Mar Sci. 90(3):781­794. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.5343/bms.2013.1056 781Bulletin of Marine.e., it rapidly colonizes disturbance or gap areas, but does not hold its ground; Kenworthy 1997, Dean and Durako

  17. The Effects of Metaphylaxis and Milk Replacer Additives on Health and Growth of Neonatal Holstein Bull Calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dehaan, Katherine G.

    2010-07-14

    A study evaluating the effects of metaphylaxis antibiotics and milk replacer additives on the health and development of Holstein bull calves (n=52; mean body weight=42.28 kg + 3 kg; starting age <3 days) was conducted. The calves were placed into a...

  18. The Effects of Metaphylaxis and Milk Replacer Additives on Health and Growth of Neonatal Holstein Bull Calves. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, Kenton S.

    2010-07-14

    A study evaluating effects of metaphylaxis and milk replacer additives on health and growth was conducted with Holstein bull calves (n = 52; mean BW = 42.28 +- 3 kg) < 7 d of age. Calves were randomly assigned to receive tilmicosin phosphate (TIL...

  19. Effects of conventional or low bull to female ratio and utilization of reproductive tract scores in extensively-managed, natural mating breeding groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathmann, Ryan James

    2007-04-25

    The current study involved two experiments which were conducted at the Texas A&M Agricultural Research and Extension Center in Uvalde (semi-arid environment) from 2002 to 2004. In experiment one, Bonsmara bulls (n = 19; ...

  20. Examining Mechanisms Contributing to the Biological Variation of Residual Feed Intake in Growing Heifers and Bulls and in Mid-Gestation Females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hafla, Aimee

    2012-10-19

    The objectives of this study were to characterize residual feed intake (RFI) in growing bulls and heifers and in mid-gestation females to examine relationships with performance, body composition, feeding behavior, digestibility ...

  1. Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 1999-2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwabe, Lawrence; Tiley, Mark (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR); Perkins, Raymond R. (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Ontario, OR)

    2000-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to document the seasonal distribution of adult/sub-adult bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Malheur River basin. Due to the decline of bull trout in the Columbia Basin, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed bull trout as a threatened species in June 1998. Past land management activities; construction of dams; and fish eradication projects in the North Fork and Middle Fork Malheur River by poisoning have worked in concert to cumulatively impact native species in the Malheur Basin (Bowers et. al. 1993). Survival of the remaining bull trout populations is severely threatened (Buchanan 1997). 1999 Research Objects are: (1) Document the migratory patterns of adult/sub-adult bull trout in the North Fork Malheur River; (2) Determine the seasonal bull trout use of Beulah Reservoir and bull trout entrainment; and (3) Timing and location of bull trout spawning in the North Fork Malheur River basin. The study area includes the Malheur basin from the mouth of the Malheur River located near Ontario, Oregon to the headwaters of the North Fork Malheur River (Map 1). All fish collected and most of the telemetry effort was done on the North Fork Malheur River subbasin (Map 2). Fish collection was conducted on the North Fork Malheur River at the tailwaters of Beulah Reservoir (RK 29), Beulah Reservoir (RK 29-RK 33), and in the North Fork Malheur River at Crane Crossing (RK 69) to the headwaters of the North Fork Malheur. Radio telemetry was done from the mouth of the Malheur River in Ontario, Oregon to the headwaters of the North Fork Malheur. This report will reflect all migration data collected from 3/1/99 to 12/31/99.

  2. A Review of "'The Furie of the Ordnance' Artillery in the English Civil Wars" by Stephen Bull 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furgol, Edward M

    2010-01-01

    of battles rests on discrete incidents in a number of battles, chiefly Edgehill and Marston Moor. Unlike sieges, where the absence or presence of large caliber guns, mortars or munitions often determined the result, battlefield use of artillery cannot... be so objectively examined. For example, no one tal- lied the causes of death or wounds, and the expenditure of shot gives no idea of its effectiveness, since large amounts could be mitigated by muddy ground or poor gun crews. Nevertheless, Bull shows...

  3. TEE-0068 - In the Matter of Bowlin Travel Centers, Inc. | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory Authority SustainXSystem for39:TEC

  4. Numerical modeling of the Snowmass Creek paleoglacier, Colorado, and climate in the Rocky Mountains during the Bull Lake glaciation (MIS 6)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric M. Leonard; Mitchell A. Plummer; Paul E. Carrara

    2014-04-01

    Well-preserved moraines from the penultimate, or Bull Lake, glaciation of Snowmass Creek Valley in the Elk Range of Colorado present an opportunity to examine the character of the high-altitude climate in the Rocky Mountains during Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 6. This study employs a 2-D coupled mass/energy balance and flow model to assess the magnitudes of temperature and precipitation change that could have sustained the glacier in mass-balance equilibrium at its maximum extent during the Bull Lake glaciation. Variable substrate effects on glacier flow and ice thickness make the modeling somewhat more complex than in geologically simpler settings. Model results indicate that a temperature depression of about 6.7°C compared with the present (1971–2000 AD) would have been necessary to sustain the Snowmass Creek glacier in mass-balance equilibrium during the Bull Lake glaciation, assuming no change in precipitation amount or seasonality. A 50% increase or decrease from modern precipitation would have been coupled with 5.2°C and 9.1°C Bull Lake temperature depressions respectively. Uncertainty in these modeled temperature depressions is about 1°C.

  5. Bull World Health Organ 2011;89:521527 | doi:10.2471/BLT.10.085530 Effect of deep tube well use on childhood diarrhoea in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    drinking water is to use one of the approximately 165000 deep wells installed throughout the countryBull World Health Organ 2011;89:521­527 | doi:10.2471/BLT.10.085530 Research 521 Effect of deep have led to an almost universal shift from the consumption of surface water to groundwater.3

  6. Evaluation of F1 Cows Sired by Brahman, Boran, and Tuli Bulls for Reproductive and Maternal Performance Traits and Cow Longevity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muntean, Carl

    2011-08-08

    .5, and 197.2 kg, respectively, and were significantly different. For both BWT and WWT, male calves were heavier (P < 0.05) than females, by 2.13 kg and 10.39 kg, on average. Least squares means for PR for females sired by B, Bo, and T bulls were 0.900, 0...

  7. Efficiency of Rotational Operators Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2007, Vol. 28, No. 10 1705 Efficiency of Rotational Operators for Geometric Manipulation of Chain Molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coutsias, Evangelos

    Efficiency of Rotational Operators Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2007, Vol. 28, No. 10 1705 Efficiency efficient than that of quaternion although quaternion operators have The discussion on computational efficiency is extended here to a more general case in which bond angles

  8. Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Alan; Soupir, Jim (US Forest Service, Prairie City Ranger District, Prairie City, OR); Schwabe, Lawrence (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

    2003-08-01

    The Malheur River is a 306-kilometer tributary to the Snake River, which drains 12,950 square kilometers. The Malheur River originates in the Blue Mountains and flows into the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C, and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 30 centimeters in the lower reaches. Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2002. Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus are considered to be cold water species and are temperature-dependant. Due to the interest of bull trout from various state and Federal agencies, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. Table 1 lists individuals that participated in the 2002 work group. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power Administration contract period starting April 1, 2002, and ending March 31, 2003. All tasks were conducted within this timeframe, and a more detailed timeframe may be referred to in each individual report.

  9. Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2000-2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzales, Dan; Schwabe, Lawrence; Wenick, Jess (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

    2001-08-01

    The Malheur basin lies within southeastern Oregon. The Malheur River is a tributary to the Snake River, entering at about River Kilometer (RK) 595. The hydrological drainage area of the Malheur River is approximately 12,950 km{sup 2} and is roughly 306 km in length. The headwaters of the Malheur River originate in the Blue Mountains at elevations of 6,500 to 7,500 feet, and drops to an elevation of 2000 feet at the confluence with the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the Malheur basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 300 centimeters and ranges from 100 centimeters in the upper mountains to less than 25 centimeters in the lower reaches (Gonzalez 1999). Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2000. The Burns Paiute Tribe (BPT), United States Forest Service (USFS), and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), have been working cooperatively to achieve this common goal. Bull trout ''Salvenlinus confluentus'' have specific environmental requirements and complex life histories making them especially susceptible to human activities that alter their habitat (Howell and Buchanan 1992). Bull trout are considered to be a cold-water species and are temperature dependent. This presents a challenge for managers, biologists, and private landowners in the Malheur basin. Because of the listing of bull trout under the Endangered Species Act as threatened and the current health of the landscape, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power contract period starting 1 April 2000 and ending 31 March 2001. The study area will include the North Fork Malheur River and the Upper Malheur River from Warm Springs Reservoir upstream to the headwaters.

  10. MOOSE simulating nuclear reactor CRUD buildup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-02-06

    This simulation uses multiple physical models to show how the buildup of boron deposits on reactor fuel can affect performance and the reactor's power profile.

  11. Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-28

    Nuclear reactor operators can expand safety margins with more precise information about how materials behave inside operating reactors. INL's new simulation platform makes such studies easier & more informative by letting researchers "plug-n-play" their mathematical models, skipping years of computer code development.

  12. MOOSE simulating nuclear reactor CRUD buildup

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-21

    This simulation uses multiple physical models to show how the buildup of boron deposits on reactor fuel can affect performance and the reactor's power profile.

  13. Enhanced sensitivity and specificity of thallium-201 imaging for the detection of regional ischemic coronary disease by combining SPECT with bull's eye analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasabali, B.; Woodard, M.L.; Bekerman, C.; Pinsky, S.; Blend, M.J. (Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, IL (USA))

    1989-07-01

    Previous studies have indicated that the combination of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and quantitative bull's eye analysis (QBA) TI-201 cardiac stress imaging may improve the detection of myocardial ischemia over that achieved with planar (PLN) imaging. This study will evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of SPECT and QBA in the detection of disease in the left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX), and right coronary artery. Ninety-nine patients who underwent both TI-201 stress imaging and coronary arteriography were evaluated retrospectively. Of the 99, 62 had PLN imaging and 37 were evaluated with SPECT; 23 of these 37 had QBA. The overall sensitivity and specificity were as follows: PLN, 94% and 50%; SPECT, 90% and 67%; QBA, 100% and 20%; and SPECT with QBA, 92% and 72%, respectively. The regional sensitivity and specificity of PLN for individual coronary arteries were as follows: RCA, 78% and 74%; LAD, 89% and 60%; LCX, 50% and 89%, respectively. For SPECT, the results were: RCA, 86% and 93%; LAD, 85% and 88%; and LCX, 60% and 88%. For QBA alone, the results were: RCA, 100% and 75%; LAD, 88% and 53%; and LCX, 100% and 89%. The results for QBA with SPECT were: RCA, 100% and 94%; LAD, 88% and 80%; and LCX, 67% and 95%. Thus, SPECT interpreted on conjunction with QBA showed higher sensitivity for evaluation of ischemia in the RCA and LCX arteries and higher specificity in the detection of LAD and RCA disease than did PLN TI-201 imaging. Because of the low specificity of QBA (20%), caution is advised in the interpretation of QBA alone without reviewing SPECT images.

  14. UNCORRECTED Bull Volcanol (2005) 00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, William I.

    2005-01-01

    -906-487-3371 School of Mines in 1953, doing doctoral research on the 10 Ruby Mountains of Nevada. He then served to Indonesia in 1959­60 led to his interest in volcanol- 22 ogy, and he subsequently undertook volcanological

  15. Moose Creek, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: EnergyInformation MontanaOhio: EnergyMoodus,

  16. Moose Pass, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: EnergyInformation MontanaOhio: EnergyMoodus,Pass, Alaska: Energy Resources

  17. Moose Wilson Road, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: EnergyInformation MontanaOhio: EnergyMoodus,Pass, Alaska: Energy

  18. VC U S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G R E S E A R C H R E P O R T I Vo l u m e 5 7 Resorbable Vascular Grafts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motai, Yuichi

    of electrospinning, using an electrical charge to extract fine fibers from a liquid, has century-old roots engineering professor Gary L. Bowlin, Ph.D. "Electrospinning has been revived from more than 100 years ago replacement." A basic electrospinning system is much like a cotton candy machine, says Bowlin. "You look

  19. ALCES VOL. 44, 2008 GILLINGHAM AND PARKER HABITAT SELECTION BY MOOSE AND ELK DIFFERENTIAL HABITAT SELECTION BY MOOSE AND ELK IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillingham, Michael

    of Northern British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada V2N 4Z9, email

  20. Documentation of Hybrid Hydride Model for Incorporation into Moose-Bison and Validation Strategy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weck, Philippe F; Tikare, Veena; Schultz, Peter Andrew; Clark, B; Mitchell, J; Glazoff, Michael V.; Homer, Eric R.

    2014-10-01

    This report documents the development, demonstration and validation of a mesoscale, microstructural evolution model for simulation of zirconium hydride ?-ZrH{sub 1.5} precipitation in the cladding of used nuclear fuels that may occur during long-term dry storage. While the Zr-based claddings are manufactured free of any hydrogen, they absorb hydrogen during service, in the reactor by a process commonly termed ‘hydrogen pick-up’. The precipitation and growth of zirconium hydrides during dry storage is one of the most likely fuel rod integrity failure mechanisms either by embrittlement or delayed hydride cracking of the cladding (Hanson et al., 2011). While the phenomenon is well documented and identified as a potential key failure mechanism during long-term dry storage (Birk et al., 2012 and NUREG/CR-7116), the ability to actually predict the formation of hydrides is poor. The model being documented in this work is a computational capability for the prediction of hydride formation in different claddings of used nuclear fuels. This work supports the Used Fuel Disposition Research and Development Campaign in assessing the structural engineering performance of the cladding during and after long-term dry storage. In this work, a model to numerically simulate hydride precipitation at the microstructural scale, in a wide variety of Zr-based claddings, under dry-storage conditions is being developed. It will be used to aid in the evaluation of the mechanical integrity of used fuel rods during dry storage and transportation by providing the structural conditions from the microstructural scale to the continuum scale to engineering component scale models to predict if the used fuel rods will perform without failure under normal and off-normal conditions. The microstructure, especially, the hydride structure is thought to be a primary determinant of cladding failure, thus this component of UFD’s storage and transportation analysis program is critical. The model development, application and validation of the model are documented and the limitations of the current model are discussed. The model has been shown to simulate hydride precipitation in Zircaloy-4 cladding with correct morphology, thermodynamics and kinetics. An unexpected insight obtained from simulations hydride formation in Zircaloy-4 is that small (sub-micron) precipitates need to order themselves to form the larger hydrides typically described as radially-reoriented precipitates. A limitation of this model is that it does not currently solve the stress state that forms dynamically in the precipitate or matrix surrounding the precipitate. A method to overcome the limitations is suggested and described in detail. The necessary experiments to provide key materials physics and to validate the model are also recommended.

  1. Documentation of Hybrid Hydride Model for Incorporation into Moose-Bison

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,Department of2 Federal Register / Vol. 76,Documentand

  2. [15:24 21/2/03 CH-02.tex] RATNER: Biomaterials Science Page: 35 2.5 HYDROGELS 35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peppas, Nicholas A.

    . G., and Bowlin, G. L. (2002). Electrospinning of collagen nanofibers. Biomacromolecules 3: 232 of polymer solutions in electrospinning. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 87: 4531. Risbud, M. V., Karamuk, E., Moser

  3. Ultrasonic evaluation of carcass traits in young Brangus bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Gerald Don

    1996-01-01

    single bright retlectance. Research and application of ultrasound in livestock up to the early 1980s was conducted using A-mode or B-mode machines. In these machines, only one transducer element or crystal is present therefore allowing tissue depth.... Ultrasound technology has advanced dramatically over the years, and more recent studies have focused on the use of B-mode "real time" imaging. In real time, numerous transducer elements are aligned in a linear array within the transducer allowing up to five...

  4. Kalispel Tribe of Indians joins federal agencies to protect bull...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in an unprecedented set of agreements designed to improve habitat and strengthen fish stocks in the upper Columbia River Basin over the next 10 years. The new agreement...

  5. A New Look at Aegean Bull-Leaping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1983-01-01

    - nique are all of standard oualitv. /4 d .gi1 \\ .gi1 edl ni biornel .d bns JrA lo mueauM ylizrsvinU .ygo\\oesr\\lA ,sidmu\\ol-iruozaiM 1o .8.\\t .oV4 .rrA eriwl ls bsisrJzu\\\\\\ .esiz \\sujrs edt 1o noizzerqm\\ .\\ .biotne\\ iruozaiM sr\\t'\\o gniwsrC .B sdl 1o... noizzsrqm\\ nr\\o\\ \\d biotne\\ iruozziM .JolzlluH sr\\l 1o gniwsrb e\\ilor9 .Q ndo\\ r1d biotns\\ iruozziM .JolzlluH a .gi1 ;(noizasrqmisdt ni)tlelgni>llsw llud s zttiqsb enelz bev6l3ne edT elgniz a'llud gdt eblod ,fiel gni:si ,rsqssl glsm gbun s llud gdJ gvods sd...

  6. The role of the bull's vomeronasal organ in estrous determination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGrath, Thomas James

    1981-01-01

    +& /5 Gl O O O lJ O IG IQ Gl I/I O LI O C/l C Cll Ol O. Eh I- Z Cl UJ UJ I z I I I I 1 Q Cl Ct O 01 OQ h (Cl ill N M C4 SGN0335 Nl 3WIi LLI IY D LI IJJ CCI I/O CQ I/I CV LIJ I/I Cl Cl Cl CI CI OI ICl ~ IQ CQ... C O n5 CI QI LQ D I I EC Ill Ql LA I IQ CQ CI CJI \\0 CJ CQ ct Ct LQ D LA ICI ct ICI D IQ I D D QI D LLI CQ O '13 O IJ D ) QJ IQ ct 3 LQ CQ to each TCS ser1es and did not deviate signif1cantly from this behav- ior. Statist1cal...

  7. Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Bull-Games, III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1995-01-01

    ttlen, !v{:iir tlrsir hltir l*ng {il*ntx 5? lPl. l.Xlnl.7fi l}}Y f"rr:sccl. ?{tl. Whitr-p*intetl leuperx itt fr*lco-;tr*rr.llrrr:rl thfrq:frlre tt.r b* rf,{rn}*rr. a}l lr*;rr theil }uir llrrrg ir{clrr{ 4},4V.57 lPl. i-Xlrr|, 7q,1**j. il{her leapcrs r...", uncastrated = "tauros"), he suggests "ta-to-mo" (l.e.. orcr0pQ) "at the farmstead" or "at pasture". E. DAVIS The Vapheio Cups and Aegean GoId and Silver Ware (1977),256-257 & passim, cat. 103; Sp. MARINATOS & M. HIRMER, Crete and Mycenae (1960), pls. 182...

  8. Microsoft Word - SAND BBDBMooring BrefortBull final.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OFDetection of Hydrates7 Unlimited Release Printed

  9. BullDog BioDiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossenceBrunswick, Maine: EnergyGHGsBuildings Jump

  10. Bull Frog Green Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroups >(RECP)

  11. Bull Outdoor Products: Order (2015-CE-14014) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l DeInsulation at the EdgeBUILDINGS-TO-GRID

  12. Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem, Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Brent Douglas

    2009-01-01

    elk (or) moose turned to stone in the Fraser River by Hill'selk (or) moose turned to stone in the Fraser River by Hill'selk (or) moose turned to stone in the Fraser River by Hill's

  13. The composition and diagenesis of the Queen Formation (Guadalupian, Permian) at Virey and Moose Queen fields, Midland County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voncannon, Jennifer Catherine

    1999-01-01

    such as halite and anhydrite. Reservoirs were formed in the sandflat facies by the dissolution of cements and labile grains, creating enhanced secondary porosity. This project is just one part of a regional study of the Queen Formation in the Permian Basil which...

  14. Do Social Networks Improve eCommerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Ben Y.

    of friends (FOF). To evaluate the potential impact of social networking on online marketplaces, we study userDo Social Networks Improve e­Commerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces Gayatri Swamynathan, Christo 93106 {gayatri, bowlin, bboe, almeroth, ravenben}@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Social networks have made

  15. Do Social Networks Improve e-Commerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeroth, Kevin C.

    of friends (FOF). To evaluate the potential impact of social networking on online marketplaces, we study userDo Social Networks Improve e-Commerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces Gayatri Swamynathan, Christo 93106 {gayatri, bowlin, bboe, almeroth, ravenben}@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Social networks have made

  16. Lithologic characteristics, depositional environments and geometries of reservoir and nonreservoir facies in the Queen Formation (Guadalupian, Permian) of Moose and Virey Fields, Midland County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aller, Gregory Shane

    1999-01-01

    The Queen Formation is a member of the Artesia Group, which is a sequence of intermingling carbonates, classics and evaporates that were deposited during Guadalupian (Permian) time across the Northwest Shelf, Central Basin Platform, and Midland...

  17. Using Bulls-Eye Commissioning to Save Energy in Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, W.; Hart, R.

    2002-01-01

    meter. This follows the Pareto principle: 80% of the benefits are produced by 20% of the effort. There is a clear trend in the electric utility industry towards Automated Meter Reading (AMR).1 AMR meter and data recorder shipments grew by about 30..., space heaters, etc.). To keep with the 80/20 Pareto principle, existing drawings, engineer?s estimates, and sampled surveys were used to give reasonable estimates of end-use. The analyst overlaid expected end-use information on the measured daily...

  18. 263 Bull. Hist. Med., 2003, 77: 263297 Trusting George Cheyne: Scientific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapin, Steven

    the equinoxes and solstices. This common culture coordinated interaction between physicians and patients

  19. r bulletin 102 --may 2000 bull Four Years of SOHO Discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    for an upward transfer of magnetic energy from the Sun's surface toward the corona has been found. Electrons project by ESA and NASA to study the Sun, from its deep core to the outer corona, and the solar wind, Denmark, Finland, France, work stations in the SOHO Experimenters' Operations Facility (EOF) at NASA

  20. The influence of tropical adaptation and breedtype on adrenal and testicular function in beef bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Jeffrey William

    2005-08-29

    an important role in controlling the mechanisms that lead to different physiological responses to stress. Consequently, an animal's genotype or genetic make-up may affect its susceptibility and/or resistance to stressors. Factors Stimulating the Stress...

  1. Curriculum Vitae Peng Gao 709 Bull ST, Callcott 222 803-777-0828

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Hydrological Simulation, Proceedings of the 2012 South Carolina Water Resources Conference. Gao, P., C. C of the 14th International Peat Congress ­ Peatlands 2012. Gao, P., C. C. Trettin, and S. Ghoshal. Object

  2. Bull Volcanol (2003) 65:105123 DOI 10.1007/s00445-002-0247-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Youxue

    2003-01-01

    Caldera), intermediate cooling rates (10­3 to 10­6 C s­1 ) are observed in Plinian deposits overlain by 1979; Thomas and Sparks 1992). Editorial responsibility: T.H. Druitt P.J. Wallace ()) Ocean Drilling

  3. Weed Busters: How to take the Sting out of Texas Bull Nettle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Charles R.; Lyons, Robert K.; McGinty, Allan

    2007-04-10

    size) or a flat fan nozzle that can deliv- er a coarse spray (large droplets). Prepare the Herbicide Mixture You can expect 76 to 100 percent control of Texas bullnet- tle by spraying with a mixture of 1 percent Grazon P+D?, GunSlinger?, Weedmaster... Sprayer Calibration Guide. Prepare the Herbicide Mix Use Grazon P+D?, GunSlinger?, Weedmaster?, Range Star? or Cimarron Max? to control Texas bullnettle. Grazon P+D? and GunSlinger? contain picloram and 2,4-D. Weedmaster? and Range Star? contain dicamba...

  4. Cows, Bulls, and Gender Roles : Pastoral Strategies for Survival and Continuity in Western Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael, Barbara J.

    1987-01-01

    and supporting my project. They provided models of excellence in scholarship and expected that I strive to attain quality in my own work. Most of all, I thank them for believing in my ability to carry out research of this scope. I also appreciate the time... and comments of my outside readers, Anne El Omami and Dr. David Saile. Another group of people to whom I owe special thanks are my colleagues on the Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project. Dr. Joel M. Teitelbaum introduced me to the Baggara, and spent...

  5. Wilson Bull., 107(4), 1995, pp. 675685 BREEDING BIOLOGY OF A GREY EAGLE-BUZZARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donázar, José A.

    IN PATAGONIA FERNANDO HIRALDO', JOSE A. DONAZAR', OLGA CEBALLOS~, ALE~ANDRO TRAVAINI', JAVIER BUSTAMANTE

  6. The Bull-Leaping Scenes from Tell el-Dab'a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.; Shaw, Maria

    2009-01-01

    'Egypteetkmondeegempreh?lleniqiie. Cairo: LTnstitut Francais d'Archeologie Orientale. Wiener, M., ed. 1995. "Discussions." In Trade, Power and Cul tural Exchange: Hyksos Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World 1800-1500B.C. An International Symposium, The Metro politan Museum...). This book presents the outstanding discovery by the Aus trian excavator Manfred Bietak of a toreador fresco, frag ments of which he found in Egypt, at Tell el-Dab'a, located in the Pelusiac branch of the Eastern Nile Delta. The site was once part...

  7. Synthetic tomography of plume clusters and thermochemical piles A.L. Bull a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritsema, Jeroen

    seismic models. Large, thermochemical piles are weakly distorted by the tomographic filter. The power to distinguish between these given that each has unique consequences for the mode of heat and mass transport heterogeneity in the Earth's mantle. Combined with hypothesis-testing through geodynamical modeling and an under

  8. Bull-switching in African Bovid Herds: Assessing Best Practices for Breeding Management in Waterbuck 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Renee Crystal Michelle

    2011-10-21

    To implement sustainable ex-situ management of big ungulate herds such as African Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus), one strategy is to place a vasectomized male with females during the sub-optimal season for breeding and ...

  9. Appendix 39 Historic Records of Bull Trout Occurrence in the North and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Java, Deerlick, Morrison, Lodgepole, Dolly Varden, Schafer, Granite, Long, Strawberry, and Bowl creeks

  10. Fertility associated antigen in peripubertal beef bulls as an indicator of potential fertility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallino, Joanna Lynn

    2005-11-01

    , Chicago, IL). Ejaculates were collected in 15-ml conical tubes via a plastic semen collection-cone funnel. Sperm Concentration. Sperm concentration was evaluated using a Densimeter (Animal Reproduction Systems, Chino, CA) with pre...

  11. Towards OpenMP for Java J. M. Bull and M. D. Westhead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Mark

    ] and SPAR Java [14]. However, these are designed prin­ cipally for distributed systems, and unlike our proposal, involve genuine language extensions. The current im­ plementations of Titanium and SPAR are via

  12. Reference: Bid. Bull. 192: 364-374. (June. 1997) Laboratory Culture of the Sepiolid Squid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFall-Ngai, Margaret

    . ASHCRAFT', AND PAUL V. DUNLAP3.* `Marine Resources Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods HoleDepartment of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543 Abstract of its life buried in the sand. There have been no field stud- ies of its behavior and life cycle, so

  13. Bull. Polish Acad. Sci. Math. 37 (1989), 351353 ON SOME FUNCTIONALS ON BERGMAN SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chojnacki, Wojtek

    1989-01-01

    , then the functionals f f(k)(w) (w , k N {0}) on the Bergman space of are nonzero and linearly independent. Let square integrable functions on . Suppose that L2 H() = {0}. For each w and each n N {0}, let (n) w denote the linear continuous functional on L2 H() defined by (n) w (f) = f(n) (w) f L2 H() . M. Skwarczy

  14. Bull. Polish Acad. Sci. Math. 39 (1991), 147150 ON THE BERGMAN METRIC TENSOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chojnacki, Wojtek

    1991-01-01

    })n , let || = 1 + . . . n. As is well known, given w and (N {0})n , the linear functional L2 H() f || f z1 1 . . . zn n (w) C is bounded. Hence, by the Riesz theorem, for each w and each (N {0})n there exists a unique element ÂŻz 1 1 ...ÂŻzn n w of L2 H() such that (1) || f z1 1 . . . zn n (w

  15. Bull Volcanol (2006) 68: 420431 DOI 10.1007/s00445-005-0018-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams-Jones, Glyn

    2006-01-01

    is shown, using the measured free air gradient, to be -85 µGal for the first and -100 µGal for the second period. After consider- ation of the effects of water extraction by the geothermal power station within completely with lavas and ash (Brandsd´ottir et al. 1997). Two geothermal areas, Krafla and N´amafjall (Fig

  16. Bull. U. S. F . C . 1899. (To face page 24 1.) PLAT E 28. r---------------------.,....--------------------

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    enlightenment of the public Oil this subject has borne good f'ruit,however, and most of the present State laws are founded Oil substantial facts instead of theories. Prof. Francis H. Herrick has been one of the most variation in the time of extrusion of ova,is'explained by tho long period during which . F', C. B, 1899-16 2

  17. Growth and reproductive development of Angus, Brahman, Bonsmara, Romosinuano, Tuli, and Wagyu bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tatman, Shawn R

    2002-01-01

    condition score (BCS), hip height (HH), scrotal circumference (SC), and testis length. Upon attaining a 21 cm SC, ejaculates were collected and continued through SM. Stages of reproductive development were first sperm, puberty (50x10? sperm/ejaculate; P...

  18. Bull. Sci. math. 130 (2006) 467523 www.elsevier.com/locate/bulsci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markina, Irina

    2006-01-01

    for parabolic and hyperbolic type domains. © 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. MSC: 32H30; 31B15; 43A80.markina@usm.cl (I. Markina), vodopis@math.nsc.ru (S. Vodopyanov). 0007-4497/$ ­ see front matter © 2005 Elsevier SAS of Mathematics, pr. Koptyuga 4, Novosibirsk, Russia Received 21 September 2005; accepted 8 October 2005 Available

  19. Bull. Sci. math. 130 (2006) 223233 www.elsevier.com/locate/bulsci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thalmaier, Anton

    2006-01-01

    . Thalmaier), wangfy@bnu.edu.cn (F.-Y. Wang). 0007-4497/$ ­ see front matter 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights, China Received 1 September 2005 Available online 21 November 2005 Abstract Using the coupling. As an application, in the symmetric case, a Li­Yau type heat kernel bound is presented for such semigroups. 2005

  20. Postnatal Growth, Feeding Behavior and Sexual Development of Prenatally Stressed Brahman Bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Meghan C

    2014-12-15

    We attempted to manipulate fetal development and performance of Brahman calves by subjecting gestating mothers to prenatal stress or late gestation and early lactation yeast cell wall supplementation. The following objectives ...

  1. 26 BULL;ETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION SHAD-EATCHING-AND CARP CULTURE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    freely. Names are daily added t the list of applications. It is a great pleasure to note this fact many ponds throughout the State. From many sources I learn that dams have broken, and that the carp

  2. Appendix 67 A Review of Bull Trout Life-History and Habitat Use in Relation to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are about 5-6 mm in diameter and optimal incubation temperature ranges from 2 to 4°C. In the wild, fry and runs. They maintain focal sites near the bottom and are strongly associated with instream cover, and sometimes at an early age. The fluvial form lives as an adult in large rivers but spawns in small tributary

  3. Microsoft Word - Bull--Optimal_Resistive_Control_Strategy_for_a_Floating_OWC_Device--EWTEC2013.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OF PAGESpersonal March 3, 2015 -Far-red lightOptimal

  4. Stan Bull, Long-Time NREL Leader, Named AAAS Fellow - News Releases | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3 SpecialSponsorJurczynski and Hans

  5. Kalispel Tribe of Indians joins federal agencies to protect bull trout and other species

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducingJobs2015Administration shows

  6. Bull. u. S. F. C . 189 7. (To face page 22 5. ) PLATE 12. THE FLORIDA COMMERCIAL SPONGES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    purposes, it is utilized in many other ways-in the arts, trades, and professions, and in domestic life-the mention of which would prove tedious. .In this paper it is not expected that much new or orig

  7. 130 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2006, Vol. 27, No. 1 Notes Highly Efficient MCM-48-based Template Synthesis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Bongsoo

    . reported the preparation of micron-sized hollow palladium spheres composed of bare nanoparticles without-colored powder thus obtained after ampoule breakage has been treated by H2 (100 mL/min) at 400 o C for 6 h, which

  8. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 41(8):149-153, 2006 The "False Breeding Season" of the Eastern Newt, Notophthalmus viridescens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sever, David M.

    season. In populations in which the adults are permanently aquatic or migrate to breeding ponds in fall of this interest was sparked by the discovery that many popula- tions have pond-dwelling, aquatic adults and larvae, 1998). The adult animals are a shade of green dorsally, and have compressed tails. In N. v. viridescens

  9. SCR*: A Toolset for Specifying and Analyzing Requirements Constance Heitmeyer, Alan Bull, Carolyn Gasarch, and Bruce Labaw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples of high assur- ance systems include military command and control systems, nuclear power plants's Oper- ational Flight Program 15, 1 ; a submarine commu- nications system 14 ; and safety-critical components of two nuclear power plants, the Darlington plant in Canada 22 and a second plant in Belgium 5

  10. Bull Math Biol (2012) 74:474490 DOI 10.1007/s11538-011-9703-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasuriya, Sanjeeva

    2012-01-01

    uniformly dis- tributed along the embryonic intestine during the rostral to caudal colonization wave which Institute of Science and Technology, Nara 630-0101, Japan #12;Spatial Analysis of Multi-species Exclusion) by analyzing spatial-point data sets generated from discrete mathematical models. Gut activities

  11. Effects of implantation of Synovex (progesterone-estradiol) and castration in Holstein and Brown Swiss bull calves for beef production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vergara, Francisco de Patino

    1967-01-01

    "ra@-HE'LL 5~?. Cn?. X. . ~n?? @no Tech? yy 2~- 69? QS, TelK~ H+ K?~mezg, B, snQ G~, Q H LNA, ENeee yR ~ el eaaeeaeLm cad oC eeseosCevms p:ey~ oa migs getLe ~ CQKCSSS QQQSUECIIKXCI QS SCCQX8o ASSCo Do ETC ~ AQSZ4 Eeslhi, 4sGP~ Ki ~ +Lese's, J, lLM7+ Xke...

  12. Dating San Andreas fault earthquakes with lichenometry William B. Bull Geosciences Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeTourneau, Peter M.

    growing on rocky hillslopes recorded synchronous pulses of rockfalls generated by historical earthquakes as by local earthquakes. Lichenometric dating of synchronous pulses of rockfalls that are presumed of synchronous rockfalls at many sites in a mountainous region may allow one to (1) estimate earthquake

  13. WilsonBull., 102(3), 1990, pp. 487-500 STOPOVER ON A GULF COAST BARRIER ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Frank R.

    during spring migration on Horn Island, a barrier island along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico studiedwhen they stoppedon a barrier island alongthe coastof Mississippi following springtrans-Gulf migration migration. Stopover areas must be viewed as important links in species'annualcycleif the conservationof

  14. Comparison of F1 cows sired by Brahman, Boran and Tuli bulls for reproductive, maternal, and cow longevity traits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiga, Assalia Hassimi

    2007-04-25

    included sire breed of cow, dam breed of cow, and calf�s birth year/age of cow; random effects included cow and sire of cow. BW and WW were evaluated using the same model and adding gender for both and age for WW. All two-way interactions were tested...

  15. 1894 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2006, Vol. 27, No. 11 Notes Synthesis of Novel Poly(amido ethylenimine) (PAMEIM) Dendrimer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Sang

    , and Jong-sang Park* School of Chemistry & Molecular Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 days. After reaction, solvent was removed by rotary evaporator and residual product was stored. After reaction, solvent was removed by rotary evaporator. Residual product was precipitated in ethyl

  16. Bull Math Biol (2013) 75:12331237 DOI 10.1007/s11538-013-9873-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maini, Philip K.

    2013-01-01

    the function of the tissue and contribute to, or mitigate, the disease. Mathematical modeling and simulation', Oxford OX1 3LB, UK e-mail: maini@maths.ox.ac.uk G. Niebur Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, Department and finite difference computational techniques implemented on powerful computer clusters, and the biological

  17. Bull. ESA 83(3) 2002 189 CO N T R I B U T I O N S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    , desertification, and resource depletion. Although the quality of life varies greatly among the nations, it tends

  18. Short-term Exciting, Long-term Correcting Models for Earthquake Catalogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frederic Schoenberg; Bruce Bolt

    2011-01-01

    w 7.3 Landers, for earthquakes - regional comparisons. Bull.Nonstationary Poisson model for earthquake occurrences. Y. (1997). Are earthquakes predictable? Geophys. J. Int. Bull.

  19. Reports of the Great California Earthquake of 1857

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnew, Duncan Carr

    2006-01-01

    following the great 1857 earthquake, Southern California,foreshocks of the great 1857 earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc.with the great 1857 earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. ,

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER The complimentary role of genetic and ecological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    structure: a case study using moose (Alces alces) L. A. Finnegan & P. J. Wilson & G. N. Price & S. J. Lowe extracted from resource selection functions of the radio-collared individuals. In contrast, throughout the 2, although moose tended to occupy home ranges in a wide range of sizes, their locations were largely fixed

  1. 3.1 Presettlement and Historic Fish and Wildlife Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Americans in the Kootenai area hunted deer, elk, caribou, moose, mountain goat, mountain sheep, bear COMMUNITIES black and grizzly bears as being present. Vanek points out that by the late 1880s mountain lions left; elk are very rare; moose are likely killed out; grizzly bear are very rare; and beaver, mountain

  2. Bull. U.S.k.C., lW.-(To face page 225.) PLATB I. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 225

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and supplied liiin with such help as he needed, :kt first with ' three iiieii and snbseqnentlgv itil four

  3. Bull. Korean Math. Soc. 48 (2011), No. 5, pp. 923938 http://dx.doi.org/10.4134/BKMS.2011.48.5.923

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volodin, Andrei

    2011-01-01

    .48.5.923 STRONG LIMIT THEOREMS FOR WEIGHTED SUMS OF NOD SEQUENCE AND EXPONENTIAL INEQUALITIES Xuejun Wang, Shuhe collection of random variables X1, X2, . . . , Xn is said to be negatively orthant dependent (NOD) if they are both NUOD and NLOD. An infinite sequence {Xn, n 1} is said to be NOD if every finite subcollection

  4. Hydrophobic Modification of Polyethyleneimine Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2001, Vol. 22, No. 10 1069 Hydrophobic Modification of Polyethyleneimine for Gene Transfectants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Sang

    and polycations. Vari- ous kinds of polycationic lipids were prepared by hydro- phobic modification of small derivatives with a small proportion of hydrophobic moiety. As a result of the modification, PEI-Chol and PEI of PEI is molecular weight-dependent and small molecular-weight PEI is reported not to be efficient. We

  5. Bull. Disas. Prey. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., Vol. 45, Part 2,3 No 390, February, 1996 39 Mesoscale Numerical Study over the HEIFE Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Mesoscale Numerical Study over the HEIFE Area Part 1: Three Dimensional Wind Field By Zhong CHEN1),Jiayi, 1996) Abstract In this study the three dimensional mesoscale model, which is based on the Peking University Mesoscale Model, was used to simulate the wind field in the HEIFE experimental region. Simulations

  6. N-Labled Synthons for Taxol and Its Analogs Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2001, Vol. 22, No. 5 493 An Efficient and Eco-friendly Approach to 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Efficient and Eco-friendly Approach to 15 N-Unsubstituted -Lactams: 15 N-Labled Synthons for Taxol and Its Received January 30, 2001 An efficient and eco-friendly approach to N-unsubstituted -lactams has been on environmentally benign organic synthesis, we have sought eco-friendly reactions that could lead to various -lactam

  7. Communications to the Editor Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2014, Vol. 35, No. 3 1 http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2014.35.3.XXX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihee, Hyotcherl

    ,,§ Hosung Ki,,§ Junbeom Jo,,§ and Hyotcherl Ihee,§,* Department of Chemistry, Korea Advanced Institute. A centrifuge with the cellulose acetate membrane filter was used to remove the aggregated particles. After operation in the BioCARS 14-ID-B beamline at the Advanced Photon Source.1 The previously established

  8. arXiv:1108.5083v1[astro-ph.IM]25Aug2011 Bull. Astr. Soc. India (2011) 39, 289295

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    2011-01-01

    ) for the colour schemes then available in the Matlab1 computing package. Rappaport constructed ­ in an ad hoc printed on a black and white device. email: dag@mrao.cam.ac.uk 1see: http://www.mathworks.com/products/matlab

  9. Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2003, Vol. 24, No. 6 1 Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics with Born-Oppenheimer and Extended

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    calculations. For Born-Oppenheimer methods, the electronic structure calculations are converged, whereas. For the former, the electronic structure calculation is fully converged in the Born-Oppenheimer (clamped nuclei is needed for integrating the equations of motion, it is computed "on the fly" using electronic structure

  10. Evaluation of carcass traits, connective tissue, and myofibrillar protein characteristics on tenderness of F1 steers sired by Bos indicus bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hager, Leslie Brooke

    2000-01-01

    Steers (n = 252) from 15 Brahman sires and 1 Nellore sire and born from Hereford (n = 44) or Angus (n = 208) cows were evaluated over five years for difference in tenderness. Sixty purebred Angus steers were included in the last three years...

  11. Communications to the Editor Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2014, Vol. 35, No. 3 1 http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2014.35.3.XXX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihee, Hyotcherl

    .ihee@kaist.ac.kr # Graduate School of Life Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan ¶ Department, Accepted October 18, 2013 Experimental The 800 nm pulses of 50 fs duration were generated from the 1-k be changed with the resolution of 2.7 attoseconds. The polarization of each pulse was controlled by a half-wave

  12. Effects of Heat Stress and Increased Protein Fed in Milk Replacers on the Health and Growth Parameters of Neonatal Holstein Bull Calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krenek, Andrew

    2012-10-19

    , respectively). CMR had a greater SI and FC (P < 0.05) than HPMR (0.942 vs. 0.437, and 1.99 vs. 1.78, respectively). HS had a higher RT AM, RT PM, RR AM, and RR PM (P<0.01) than NHS (38.87 vs. 38.77, 39.03 vs. 38.79, 35.79 vs. 32.77, and 55.73 vs. 38...

  13. Feedback Guided Scheduling of Nested Loops T. L. Freeman 1 , D. J. Hancock 1 , J. M. Bull 2 , and R. W. Ford 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Mark

    (variants of) guided self­ scheduling (Polychronopoulos and Kuck [11], Eager and Zahorjan [5], Hummel et al

  14. Communications to the Editor Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2014, Vol. 35, No. 3 703 http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2014.35.3.703

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihee, Hyotcherl

    , which can be used as building elements of artificial photosynthesis.3 On the other hand, the large size with the proposed models of curved lamellar structures and/or multi-layered rolls.4,5 Pump-probe polarization

  15. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 37, No. 4, June 2014, pp. 837842. Indian Academy of Sciences. CO impurities effect on LaNi47Al03 hydrogen storage alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    impurities effect on LaNi47Al03 hydrogen storage alloy hydrogenation/dehydrogenation properties QI WAN1 and differential thermal analyses (TG + DTA). The hydrogen storage prop- erties were studied by the pressure in hydrogen containing 300 ppm CO at 30 °C, but hydrogen storage capacity did not degrade when tested at 80 °C

  16. Endogenous Cortisol, Luteinizing Hormone, and Testosterone Secretion and GnRH-induced Luteinizing Hormone and Testosterone Secretion in Prenatally Stressed Sexually Mature Brahman Bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlejohn, Brittni Paige

    2014-12-12

    reported to be harder to manage, have compromised immune function, reduced growth rate, and inferior carcass characteristics (Voisinet et al., 1997; Fell, 1999; King et al., 2006; Cafe et al., 2010). Specifically, temperamental cattle have been reported...

  17. 856 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2013, Vol. 34, No. 3 Soojeong Park et al. http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2013.34.3.XXX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Myung Soo

    are selected as one of the most promising alternative energy sources and attracted great attention as a third-generation photovoltaic device. The formation of anodic TiO2 nanotubes has been widely investigated because of a wide generators, and solar cells.1,2 For the ap- plication of TiO2 for the solar cell, however, TiO2 itself

  18. Bull. U. S. F . C. 1898. (To face page 1.) P LAT E 1 . THE SALMON AND SALMON FISHERIES OF ALASKA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Prince William Sound Aug. 17 . Nichols Bay, Prince of Wales Island ...···.· June 12-14 Orca, Prince

  19. Bull. Disas. Prey. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., Vol. 45, Part 2,3 No. 391, February, 1996 61 A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment Based on Heterogeneous Soil Water Storage Capacity, for the mesoscale catchments of Japan and Thailand. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters has been conducted

  20. CX-000550: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Equipment Upgrades to Bull Shoals Dam SubstationCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 10/19/2009Location(s): Bull Shoals Dam, ArkansasOffice(s): Southwestern Power Administration

  1. Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are: · Monitor streambed temperatures in the Lower Bull Run River to characterize vertical Focus Category: Models, Sediments, Water Quality Descriptors: TMDLs, water quality modeling, Bull Run River, temperature modeling Principal Investigators: Scott A. Wells, Robert L. Annear Publication #12

  2. First principles calculation of material properties of group IV elements and III-V compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malone, Brad Dean

    2012-01-01

    High-Efficiency Multijunction Solar Cells. MRS Bull. , [131]highly efficient multijunction solar cells [130]. While the

  3. Collaboration for Community and Forest Well-Being in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    bears, mountain lion, elk, moose, deer, coyote, and cold-water fLh describe something of the ruggedness. The Mission Mountain and the Bob ikfarshall WiIdernessAreas, the Flathead National Forest, the PLum Creek

  4. Tackling the Triple-Threat Genome of Miscanthus x giganteus (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Moose, Steve

    2011-04-25

    Steve Moose from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Energy Biosciences Institute on "Tackling the Triple-Threat Genome of Miscanthus x giganteus" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  5. An Exploration of Biological Mechanisms that Impact Intake and Feed Efficiency in the Grazing Animal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Leanne

    2013-05-21

    PROC GLIMMIX of SAS. Linear regressions were obtained using PROC REG to estimate RFI. In 2009, there was a difference for LRFIc bulls in F:G (P=0.032), and HRFIg bulls on LSTK had an interaction for ADG (P=0.043). HRFIg bulls had greater intakes...

  6. Single Crystalline NbO2 Nanowire Synthesis Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2012, Vol. 33, No. 3 839 http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2012.33.3.839

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Bongsoo

    -ion battery, catalysis, sensors, and device interconnectors.2-7 The synthesis of single crystalline transition

  7. Efficiency of Gas-Phase Ion Formation in Matrix-Assisted Laser Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2013, Vol. 34, No. 3 907 http://dx.doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2013.34.3.907

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Myung Soo

    , in the second group, photo-excitation is simply an instantaneous way of supplying thermal energy to the sample and hence inducing its ablation.6-9 The thermal energy needed for ablation is supplied by photo hypothesis belonging to the first group, while thermal processes such as the pre-formed ion emission have

  8. Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2003, Vol. 24, No. 8 1091 Tensor Components in Three Pulse Vibrational Echoes of a Rigid Dipeptide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    2,5-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane-3,6-dione. An anharmonic vibrational Hamiltonian is constructed to various Liouville space pathways. Enhancement and elimination of specific peaks in two- dimensional spectra using double-resonance5,6 as well as heterodyned7-9 techniques. Resolution enhancement

  9. Bull. U S. F. C. 1897 . (To face page 209.) P LAT E 10. LAKE LAMPREY (P et ro uouon. ma1'im," ""ieolo1' De Kay) FROM CAYUGA LAKE, IN W INT ER. One-half natural size.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lampreys that the authors of our old First Readers justified themselves in the statement: "Eels live in mud indicating that it has even been collected in any lake. In the adult state it has never been known (by us) and short adult period (a very few months) would appear to give weight to this asaumptlon. This species

  10. 2396 Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2007, Vol. 28, No. 12 Young Ran Park et al. Hydrogenated In-doped ZnO Thin Films for the New Anode Material of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    , and are often used in photoelectronic devices such as solar cells and flat panel displays (FPDs).2,3 Tin:H (H2) anode show excellent efficiency (11 V drive voltage) and a good brightness (8000 cd/m2 brightness and high efficiency.1 Among the several parts of OLEDs, transparent conducting oxide films have

  11. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 37, No. 1, February 2014, pp. 7782. c Indian Academy of Sciences. NbCl5 and CrCl3 catalysts effect on synthesis and hydrogen storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    and CrCl3 catalysts effect on synthesis and hydrogen storage performance of Mg­Ni­NiO composites QI WAN on hydrogen storage performance were investigated. A microstructure analysis showed that besides the main Mg storage; Mg-based materials; hydrogen storage performance; catalyst. 1. Introduction There is a great

  12. Communications to the Editor Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2001, Vol. 22, No. 3 261 Novel Macromolecular Self-organization of Poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-histidine)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Jong-Sang

    -group protected bio- degradable poly(amino acid) chain have potential utility as drug delivery systems.6(L-histidine), which is a bio- degradable polypeptide10 and thought to possess an am- photeric nature due by repeated liquid phase peptide synthesis using fluoren-9-ylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) chem- istry.13 m

  13. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 35, No. 5, October 2012, pp. 767772. c Indian Academy of Sciences. Anti-tumor activity of self-charged (Eu,Ca):WO3 and Eu:CaWO4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    -tumor activity of self-charged (Eu,Ca):WO3 and Eu:CaWO4 nanoparticles CAO LIN , CAO JIEXIN , WANG CONG, CHE PING July 2011 Abstract. Non-stoichiometric (Eu,Ca):WO3 and Eu:CaWO4 nanoparticles with anti-tumor activity structure. Colorimetric assay shows that 10 nm (Eu,Ca):WO3 and Eu:CaWO4 nanoparticles can effectively

  14. An Update on Improvements to NiCE Support for RELAP-7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCaskey, Alex; Wojtowicz, Anna; Deyton, Jordan H.; Patterson, Taylor C.; Billings, Jay Jay

    2015-01-01

    The Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) is a framework that facilitates the development of applications that rely on finite-element analysis to solve a coupled, nonlinear system of partial differential equations. RELAP-7 represents an update to the venerable RELAP-5 simulator that is built upon this framework and attempts to model the balance-of-plant concerns in a full nuclear plant. This report details the continued support and integration of RELAP-7 and the NEAMS Integrated Computational Environment (NiCE). RELAP-7 is fully supported by the NiCE due to on-going work to tightly integrate NiCE with the MOOSE framework, and subsequently the applications built upon it. NiCE development throughout the first quarter of FY15 has focused on improvements, bug fixes, and feature additions to existing MOOSE-based application support. Specifically, this report will focus on improvements to the NiCE MOOSE Model Builder, the MOOSE application job launcher, and the 3D Nuclear Plant Viewer. This report also includes a comprehensive tutorial that guides RELAP-7 users through the basic NiCE workflow: from input generation and 3D Plant modeling, to massively parallel job launch and post-simulation data visualization.

  15. Supplement 23, Part 1, Authors: A-Z 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1982-01-01

    .-- Biochemical Medicine. New York. [Wa.(QP501.B474) ] Biochimie.-- Biochimie. Soci?t? de Chimie Biolo- gique avec le concours du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Paris. [Wa.(383 SOI); Wm.(W1 BI 6257)] Biol. Bull. Acad. Sc. USSR.-- Biology.... et Phys. Maroc.-- Bulletin de la Soci?t? des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc. Rabat. [Wa.(515 Sol)] [Continuation of: Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc] Bull. Tohoku National Agrie. Exper. Station (Tohoku Nogyo Shikenjo Kenkyu Hokoku...

  16. Off-diagonal Jacobian support for Nodal BCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, John W.; Andrs, David; Gaston, Derek R.; Permann, Cody J.; Slaughter, Andrew E.

    2015-01-01

    In this brief note, we describe the implementation of o-diagonal Jacobian computations for nodal boundary conditions in the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) [1] framework. There are presently a number of applications [2{5] based on the MOOSE framework that solve complicated physical systems of partial dierential equations whose boundary conditions are often highly nonlinear. Accurately computing the on- and o-diagonal Jacobian and preconditioner entries associated to these constraints is crucial for enabling ecient numerical solvers in these applications. Two key ingredients are required for properly specifying the Jacobian contributions of nonlinear nodal boundary conditions in MOOSE and nite element codes in general: 1. The ability to zero out entire Jacobian matrix rows after \

  17. Proceedings of the TOUGH Symposium 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finsterle, S.

    2014-01-01

    pore-space for reservoir characterization. AAPG Bull. , 79 (Holtz, M.H. , Reservoir characterization apply- ing residualways, such as reservoir characterization (Xiao and Jones,

  18. IPM program successful in California greenhouse cut roses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey, Christine; Newman, Julie; Robb, Karen; Tjosvold, Steven; MacDonald, James; Parrella, Michael P

    2007-01-01

    Tetrany- chus urticae Koch) on greenhouse grown roses. Ph.D.management program for greenhouse cut roses. Presented atpopulations from Ohio greenhouses. Ohio Florists Assoc Bull

  19. Ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes after disturbance in forests of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    carbon dioxide, water vapor and energy flux densities, Bull.et al. (2006), Carbon, energy and water fluxes at mature and

  20. Part 5, Authors: E To Fynney 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Ruth M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Carson, Gertrude B.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1941-01-01

    ?n?rale. Port Louis. Bull. (Ann.) Dept. Animal Health, North. Rhodesia.?Bulletin (Annual) of the De- partment of Animal Health. Northern Rhodesia. Livingstone. Bull. Dept. Sc. and Agrie. Jamaica.?Bulle-tin. Department of Science and Agricul- ture. Jamaica....?Bulletin. Illinois State Laboratory of Natural His- tory. Urbana. Bull. Internat. Acad. Polon. Sc. et Lett., Cra- covie, CI. Sc. Math, et Nat., s. ? : Sc. Nat.? Bulletin International de l'Acad?mie Polo- naise des Sciences et des Lettres, Classe des Sciences Math...

  1. Growth of the Nevanlinna proximity function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Cartan, "Th6orie du potentiel newtonien: energie, capacit6, suites de potentiels," Bull. Soc. Math. France, 7__33, 74-106 (1945). Y. Tumura, "

  2. SUBSIDENCE DUE TO GEOTHERMAL FLUID WITHDRAWAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2013-01-01

    model to compute land subsidence, 11 Bull. Intl. Assn.geothermal production and subsidence history of the Wairakei5. Geertsma, J. , 1973, Land subsidence above compacting oil

  3. Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Res., Mumbai, 2010. [ bib ] .... Higgs line bundles, Green-Lazarsfeld sets, and maps of Kähler manifolds to curves. Bull. ... Fano maps and fundamental groups.

  4. Earthquake Nucleation on Geometrically Complex Faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Zijun

    2009-01-01

    Preseismic fault slip and earthquake prediction, J. Geophys.Day, The 1999 Izmit, Turkey, earthquake: A 3D dynamic stresstransfer model of intra-earthquake triggering, Bull.

  5. Earthquake Recurrence in Simulated Fault Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dieterich, James H.; Richards-Dinger, Keith B.

    2010-01-01

    D. D. (1991), Long-term earthquake clustering, Geophys. J.doublets of large shallow earthquakes, Bull. Seismol. Soc.seismicity between large earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res. 108,

  6. Dynamic Models of Earthquake Rupture on Fault Stepovers and Dip-Slip Faults Using Various Friction Formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Kenny J.

    2012-01-01

    The SCEC/USGS Dynamic Earthquake Rupture Code VerificationR. Rice (2005). Laboratory Earthquakes Along Inhomogeneousduring the Northridge Earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.

  7. Microsoft Word - Fish Letter _2_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and municipal water supply. The system is also operated to protect the river's fish, including salmon, steelhead, sturgeon and bull trout listed as threatened or...

  8. B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and municipal water supply. The system is also operated to protect the river's fish, including salmon, steelhead, sturgeon and bull trout listed as threatened or...

  9. Vasoactive intestinal peptide and the mammalian circadian system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colwell, Christopher S.; Vosko, Andrew M.; Loh, Dawn H.; Schroeder, Analyne

    2007-01-01

    in the suprachiasmatic hypothalamus. Brain Res. Bull. 25,the amygdale and hypothalamus via the stria terminals.structures in the hypothalamus known as the suprachiasmatic

  10. Regional scale effects of base cation fertilization on Norway spruce and European beech stands situated on acid brown soils: soil and foliar chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misson, Laurent

    2001-01-01

    net N transformations in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L. )Vascular tissue anatomy of Norway spruce needles and twigsnutrient imbalances in Norway spruce, Ecol. Bull. 44 (

  11. RADIATION DAMAGE RESISTANCE OF REVERSE ELECTRODE GE COAXIAL DETECTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pehl, Richard H.

    2011-01-01

    Parker, "Radiation Damage of Germanium Detectors", Bull. Am.to radiation damage between the two detectors was clearlyRADIATION DAMAGE RESISTANCE OF REVERSE ELECTRODE GE COAXIAL DETECTORS

  12. DreamTown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basidas, Betty

    2010-01-01

    making the World Cup, a bull fight with soccer ball in theAnibal, [on cam] you have to fight hard to keep your place,

  13. Fish Bulletin No. 35. A Distributional List of the Species of Freshwater Fishes Known to Occur in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evermann, Barton Warren; Clark, Howard Walton

    1931-01-01

    synopsis of the Family Catostomidae. Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. ,of Cyprinidć and Catostomidć described by Dr. Charles Girardthe distribution of the Catostomidć in the region under

  14. Consistent long-term spatial gradients in replenishment for an island population of a coral reef fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, S L; White, J W; Caselle, J E; Swearer, S E; Warner, R R

    2006-01-01

    to the leeward shore of Barbados occurred over 3 yr. Nightlyscale circulation around Barbados, West Indies. Bull Mar SciThalassoma bifasciatum in Barbados, West Indies. Mar Ecol

  15. Second-harmonic generation in lithium niobate nanowires for local fluorescence excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to artificial photosynthesis," MRS Bull. 37(09), 806­813 (2012). 3. C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M

  16. Complex origins of the Lusitania biogeographic province and northeastern Atlantic fishes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    and Gran Canaria (Canary Islands).  Bulle? tin of Azores, Madeira,  the  Canary  Islands,  Cape  Verde  and Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands.   Recently,  Briggs 

  17. SAND81-71

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Bull 1272-C, 1969. 18 F. G. Poole, "Flysch Deposits of Antler Foreland Basin, Western United States," in Tectonics and Sedimentation, ed W. R. Dickinson, Soc Econ...

  18. Standard and routine metabolic rates of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus), including the effects of body mass and acute temperature change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowd, William Wesley; Brill, R W; Bushnell, P G; Musick, J A

    2006-01-01

    skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis. Fish. Bull. 1987. On theskipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), and dolphin fish (skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin (Thunnus

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - Subregion 3 Presentation 5-12-09.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    its capacity. Southwestern Power Administration Slide 4 2009 Projects Southwestern Power Administration Slide 5 Five Year Construction Plan 2010 Bull Shoals Dam Pothead...

  20. Fermilab Today | State University of New York at Buffalo Profile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Buffalo May 30, 2012 NAME: State University of New York at Buffalo HOME TOWN: Buffalo, New York MASCOT: Victor E. Bull SCHOOL COLORS: Blue and white PARTICLE PHYSICS...

  1. On Error Estimates of the Penalty Method for Unsteady Navier ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nov 26, 2002 ... SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis is published by Society for ...... methods for the solution of problems of equilibrium and vibrations, ~'. Bull.

  2. Systematic and random error components in satellite precipitation data sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AghaKouchak, Amir; Mehran, Ali; Norouzi, Hamidreza; Behrangi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    in satellite-based precipitation estimates, J. Geophys.Evaluating high-resolution precipitation products, Bull. Am.retrieved extreme precipitation rates across the central

  3. Studies of co- and postseismic deformation of the lithosphere from numerical models and space geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbot, Sylvain

    2009-01-01

    The Parkfield, California, earthquake prediction experiment.and the Parkfield earthquake prediction experiment. Bull.et al. , 2005]. The Earthquake Prediction Experiment [Bakun

  4. Semi-Empirical Characterization of Ground Motions Including Source, Path and Nonlinear Site Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyhan, Emel

    2013-01-01

    Ground-Motion Prediction Models,” Earthquake Spectra, 26:4,Factors for Earthquake Ground-Motion Prediction,” Bull.simulations to NGA prediction equations, Earthquake Spectra.

  5. Parkfield earthquakes: Characteristic or complementary?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Custodio, Susana; Archuleta, Ralph J.

    2007-01-01

    The Parkfield, California, earthquake prediction experiment,fault response, earthquake prediction, and tremor, Bull.J. Langbein (1994), The earthquake prediction experiment at

  6. Implications of Alternative Methods for Determining Agricultural Price and Income Supports. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesley, E.; Peterson, F.

    1986-01-01

    and bulls had free access to coastal bermudagrass hay, water, and a salt/mineral mix. Measurements were taken at 14-d intervals until bulls reached sexual maturity (SM; ejaculate with [>] 500x10? sperm with [>] 50% motility). Measurements included BW, body...

  7. Current Biology Vol 18 No 5 Acknowledgments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Andy

    . Biol. Bull. Woods Hole 49, 354­364. 16. Benzer, S. (1967). Behavioral mutants of Drosophila isolated in the dark for sixty-nine generations. Biol. Bull., Woods Hole 21, 297­301. 20. Tolman, E.C. (1924 differences in maze-running ability in rats. Yearb. Nat. Soc. Stud. Educ. 39, 111­119. 22. Rundquist, E

  8. Iced Coffee Iced Yerba Mate "Tea"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iced Coffee Iced Yerba Mate "Tea" Iced Yerba Mate Latte Iced Chai Tea Latte Original, Green Tea Canned Soda Xing Tea Bottled Water Arizona Teas Energy Drinks Red Bull, SF Red Bull & Bing Jones Sodas $0 Cafe au Lait Hot Tea Yerba Mate "Tea" Yerba Mate Latte Chai Tea Latte - Original, Green Tea, or Sugar

  9. Iced Coffee Iced Chai Tea Latte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iced Coffee Iced Chai Tea Latte Iced Americano Iced Cappuccino Iced Latte Iced Mocha Iced White the Cooler Canned Soda Bottled Water Arizona Teas Energy Drinks Red Bull, SF Red Bull & Bing Jones Sodas $0.50 Listed prices do not include applicable sales tax. #12;Brewed Coffee Cafe au Lait Hot Tea Chai Tea Latte

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER The complimentary role of genetic and ecological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortin, Marie Josee

    structure: a case study using moose (Alces alces) L. A. Finnegan & P. J. Wilson & G. N. Price & S. J. Lowe of the radio-collared individuals. In contrast, throughout the 2.5-year study radio-telemetry data failed in a wide range of sizes, their locations were largely fixed at a larger spatial scale encompassing both

  11. FrontiersinEcology and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasser, Samuel

    activity on caribou and moose in the Alberta oil sands Samuel K Wasser, Jonah L Keim, Mark L Taper ranges par- tially overlap the Alberta oil sands, the second largest known source of petroleum reserves in Alberta's oil sands. Scientists, managers, and resource developers have been searching for feasible

  12. International Association for Ecology Springer International Association for Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the environmentduringthe first year or two of the animal's life. The moose teeth amino acids provide both carbon://www.jstor.org/stable/4219208 . Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content

  13. Standard and routine metabolic rates of juvenile sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus), including the effects of body mass and acute temperature change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowd, William Wesley; Brill, R W; Bushnell, P G; Musick, J A

    2006-01-01

    Bay, Virginia, using a bioenergetics model. Fish. Bull.139:447?453. 2002. Bioenergetics of free-ranging juvenileNey, J. J. 1993. Bioenergetics modeling today: growing pains

  14. Rationale for short course primaquine in Africa to interrupt malaria transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Plasmodium falciparum) in Liberia. Bull World Health Organefficacy data. In 1961, in Liberia, Burgess and Bray found9 [7]. In 1961, also in Liberia, Gunders administered 0.45-

  15. AKIE YOSHINO AND YOICHI IITAKA 67 thermal vibrations of the iodine atoms were also ob-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossmann, Michael G.

    Industries for use of an IBM 7090 computer. References AMIYA, T. (1960). Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 33, 1175 PETER MAIN AND MICHAEL G. ROSSMANN Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, Lafayette

  16. Heat-tolerant Asian HLB meets heat-sensitive African HLB in the Arabian Peninsula! Why?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bové, Josy

    2014-01-01

    with witches’ broom disease of lime and proposition of aWitches’ broom disease of lime. FAO Plant Prot. Bull. 34:Witches’ broom disease of lime (WBDL) in Iran. In: Proc. 14

  17. Vol. 33, No. 4, JulyAugust 2014, pp. 551566 ISSN 0732-2399 (print) ISSN 1526-548X (online) http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mksc.2014.0859

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    race car, and the logos of the Qatar Foundation and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF, Red Bull uses Renault engines for their Formula One racing vehicles, but uses Nissan's Infinity brand

  18. DOI: 10.1126/science.1220656 , 334 (2012);337Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    2012-01-01

    . Bull. 114, 927 (2002). 15. J. M. Edmond, Y. Huh, in Tectonic Uplift and Climate Change, W. F. Ruddiman (1982). 17. M. A. Zharkov, History of Paleozoic Salt Accumulation, A. L. Yanshin, Ed. (Springer, New

  19. The distinct behaviors of Pacific and Indian Ocean warm pool properties on seasonal and interannual time scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seon Tae; Yu, Jin-Yi; Lu, Mong-Ming

    2012-01-01

    are there trop- ical warm pools? , J. Clim. , 18, 5294–5331,P. J. Webster (1999), Warm pool SST variability in relationin the western Pacific warm pool, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. ,

  20. Jie Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-08-12

    Control of centrifugal instabilities. Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc., 42:2268, 1997. 9. J.M. Lopez and Jie Shen. A numerical study of periodically forced flows using a.

  1. An Archaeological Survey for the City Merkel Water Addition S Project in Taylor County Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-28

    Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) conducted an archaeological survey of three areas in Taylor County, Texas on September 6, 2007 for the City of Merkel under antiquities permit 4661. The areas investigated by BVRA were the crossing of Bull...

  2. Binaries in the Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noll, KS; Grundy, WM; Chiang, EI; Margot, J-L; Kern, SD

    2007-01-01

    The relative sizes of Kuiper Belt binaries. Bull. Amer. As-density for binary Kuiper belt object (26308) 1998 SM 165 .the satellite of Kuiper Belt object 2003 EL 61 . Astrophys.

  3. Symmetry Breaking in Few Layer Graphene Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Molecular doping of graphene. cond-mat/0703390, 2007. [16] Aelectronic dynamics from graphene to graphite. Bull. Amer.carrier lifetime in graphene. cond-mat, page 0612345, 2006.

  4. THE RELATIONSHIP OF FEED EFFICIENCY WITH PERFORMANCE, ULTRASOUND, CARCASS AND NON-CARCASS TRAITS IN BEEF CATTLE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribeiro, Flavio

    2010-07-14

    and to examine the relationships with growth, ultrasound, carcass, non-carcass, and tenderness traits in two studies involving Santa Gertrudis (n = 114) steers, and Angus bulls (n = 16) and heifers (n = 16). In both experiments, RFI was calculated...

  5. Angular-Dependence of the Critical Current in Layered Superconductors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; NATTERMANN, T.

    1992-01-01

    rate, mechanical power loss, peak pressure, lubricant temperature rise, as well as rotordynamic stiffness and damping coefficients for a lubricated TC and bull gear pair. A Newton-Raphson based iterative procedure determines an equilibrium operating...

  6. "Es Siempre Preferible la Carpa a la Pulquería": The Construction of Poverty in the Music of the Carpas Shows in Mexico City, 1890-1930

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieletto-Bueno, M Natalia

    2015-01-01

    there to do? Vespaciano: To fight until the state of Sonoraneighborhoods; dances, cock fights, boxing, circus,shows 2,269; carpas, 2,632; cock fights 231; bull fights 61;

  7. Biology and Long-Term Trends of Alien Hydromedusae and Striped Bass in a Brackish Tidal Marsh in the San Francisco Estuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeter, Robert E.

    2008-01-01

    J. Mar. Sci. 57:641-648. Sommer, T. , C. Armor, R. Baxter,Biol. Bull. 156: 356- Sommer, T. , C. Armor, R. Baxter, R.Mills, C.E. and F. Sommer. 1995. Invertebrate introductions

  8. Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMgxMn1-xPO4 (x=0, 0.1, 0.2) Carbon Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doeff, Marca M

    2010-01-01

    G. J. Exarhos: Glycine-nitrate Combustion Synthesis of Oxideby the Nitrate-Citrate Combustion Method. Mat. Res. Bull.Combustion Synthesis of Nanoparticulate LiMg x Mn 1-x PO 4 (

  9. Cancer prevention for global health: a report from the ASPO International Cancer Prevention Interest Group.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braithwaite, Dejana; Boffetta, Paolo; Rebbeck, Timothy R; Meyskens, Frank

    2012-01-01

    Bull 14. WHO. International Agency for Research on Cancer:World Cancer Report. In Stuart BW, Kleihues P, editors.of environmental and occupational cancer. Oncogene 2004;23:

  10. Immunizing Beef Calves: A Preconditioning Immunization Concept 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faries Jr., Floron C.

    2000-12-20

    Properly vaccinating an entire herd, including pregnant cows, calves, replacement heifers and bulls, can prevent disease outbreaks caused by both dormant and incubating infections. This preconditioning immunization helps unborn, nursing and weanling...

  11. Liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in near-fault regions during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Daniel B; Stewart, Jonathan P; Youd, T Leslie; Chu, B L

    2006-01-01

    tectonics of central Taiwan. ” Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. , 91,clays induced by the 1999 Taiwan Chi-Chi earthquake. ” Ph.D.sites from 1999 Chi-Chi ?Taiwan? earth- quake. ” Soil Dyn.

  12. Avoiding Calving Problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, L. R.

    1998-03-12

    Calving difficulty, or dystocia, is influenced largely by genetics and the age of the dam. The main cause of calving problems is heavy birthweight. Solutions include selecting the right bull and mating it to properly developed heifers....

  13. Selenium Accumulation in Brassicaceae Plant Species and its Biotransfer to Insect Pollinators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hladun, Kristen

    2012-01-01

    from plants growing in fly ash from coal-burning electricalfrom New England aster growing in fly ash from coal-burningby bees foraging on fly ash-grown plants. Bull Environ

  14. Satellite observations of terrestrial water storage provide early warning information about drought and fire season severity in the Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yang; Velicogna, Isabella; Famiglietti, James S; Randerson, James T

    2013-01-01

    equatorial Asia during El Nińo? , Atmos. Chem. Phys. , 10(1997), The de?nition of El Nińo, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. ,patterns associated with the El-Nino Southern Oscillation,

  15. 2012 Botany and Plant Pathology Publications Behrenfeld, Michael

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grünwald, Niklaus J.

    , M. Yoder J.A.. Global ocean phytoplankton. In: State of the Climate in 2011. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc-auxin interaction facilitates root penetration in soil. Plant Signal. Behav. 7, 151-156. Jaiswal, Pankaj Rice

  16. Tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the tectonic and stratigraphic evolution of the Tjörnes Fracture Zone, Northern Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenwick, Rebecca Ann

    2010-01-01

    rifting zone in Northern Iceland, Geol. Soc. of Am. Bull. ,J.P.M. , 2000, The N and W Iceland Shelf: insights into Lastsediments, northwest Iceland. Journal of Quaternary Science

  17. TABLE 3.-Statistics of length-weight relations for all data used in study. Number Mean Minimum Maximum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pelamis (Linnaeus), in North Carolina waters. Chesa- peake Sci. 13:237-244. BEARDSLEY, G. L., JR., AND W pelamis) from the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean. Bull. Inter-Am. Trop. Tuna Comm. 3:307- 352. PIENAAR, L

  18. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Attitudes Toward Attacking Iraq. ” Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31(DoD News: Briefing on the Iraq Survey Group. ” Available at:and the Road to War in Iraq. ” Security Studies 16(3): 409.

  19. 37Guadalupe Mountains National Park ROBERT J. BAKER, Ph.D., is a Horn Professor of biology and museum science and is director of the Natural Sci-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    there, and we got there late in the afternoon, and two bull elk started bugling at each other. They came down out of the hills breaking trees; this was serious fighting. They came down and they locked horns

  20. Recent Sediments of Monterey Bay, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yancey, T. E.

    1968-01-01

    E. 4092,520 m. N. River sediment Lorenzo River. sample UTMDynamics of nearshore sediment movement: Geologists Bull. ,and Postma, H. 1954, Recent sediments of the Gulf of Paria:

  1. treme and prolonged environmental stress (39) and were likely unaffected. Many eukaryotic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Bull. Geol. Surv. Can. 404, 1 (1991); I. J. Fairchild, in Sedimentology Review 1, V. P. Wright, Ed., Sedimentology 37, 279 (1990); (7)]. 9. H. Martin, The Precambrian Geology of South West Africa and Namaqualand

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Date added December 18, 2013 Downloaded 31 times Category Energy Security, Renewable Energy, Wave Energy report-id SAND2013-6198 year 2013 author D. Bull, E. Johnson A...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Date added December 18, 2013 Downloaded 40 times Category Energy Security, Renewable Energy, Water Power, Wave Energy report-id SAND2012-8767 year 2012 author D. Bull, P....

  4. Marine reserve effects on fishery profit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Crow; Kendall, Bruce E.; Gaines, Steven; Siegel, David A.; Costello, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    the problem of sitting marine reserves. Bull. Mar. Sci. ,2005). Science and society: marine reserve design for theD.A. & Carr, M.H. (2005). Marine reserves exploit population

  5. Implementation of genomic selection in UK beef and sheep breeding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Darren Lindsay

    2013-11-29

    . The correlation between the terminal selection index (TI) and the sale price of breeding bulls was moderate, suggesting a modest uptake of genetic technology in the sector. Chapter 3 estimated selection intensity for TI, generation interval and the dissemination...

  6. 256 REPORTS FROM THE MBL GENERAL SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS (Valiela et al., unpub. data) and possess different amounts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    256 REPORTS FROM THE MBL GENERAL SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS (Valiela et al., unpub. data) and possess% 1944. 6. Johnson, R., et al. 1994. Bid. Bull. 187: 289-290. Reference: Bid. BdI. 189: 256-257. (October

  7. Rangitikei District Visitor Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the Rangitikei region so that they can improve planning and management of the industry. The New Zealand Tourism Motel, Marton; Bridge Motor Lodge & Caravan Park, Bulls; Aspen Court Motel, Taihape. 127 surveys

  8. Citrus Orchard Management in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Bluefford G.

    1962-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0963.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 59446 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0963.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Establishing the Young Citrus... Orchard ........................ ti Location and Site Selection ..... .. ............................... I Commercial Orchard Varieties ............................... J Citrus Trees for Planting ........................................ 1 Planting...

  9. Multidimensional Fuel Performance Code: BISON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-09-03

    BISON is a finite element based nuclear fuel performance code applicable to a variety of fuel forms including light water reactor fuel rods, TRISO fuel particles, and metallic rod and plate fuel (Refs. [a, b, c]). It solves the fully-coupled equations of thermomechanics and species diffusion and includes important fuel physics such as fission gas release and material property degradation with burnup. BISON is based on the MOOSE framework (Ref. [d]) and can therefore efficiently solve problems on 1-, 2- or 3-D meshes using standard workstations or large high performance computers. BISON is also coupled to a MOOSE-based mesoscale phase field material property simulation capability (Refs. [e, f]). As described here, BISON includes the code library named FOX, which was developed concurrent with BISON. FOX contains material and behavioral models that are specific to oxide fuels.

  10. Craig Thomas Discovery & Visitor Center

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Moose, WY Grand Teton National Park's rugged landscape and stunning array of wildlife attract nearly three million visitors every year, making it one of our most popular national parks. A new Grand Teton National Park visitor center near the park's headquarters north of Jackson, Wyoming, replaces an outdated building, educates an increased number of visitors, and inspires further exploration of this extraordinary landscape. The project site is located along the Snake River, between a riparian forest and a sagebrush meadow.

  11. Point kinetics calculations with fully coupled thermal fluids reactivity feedback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, H.; Zou, L.; Andrs, D.; Zhao, H.; Martineau, R.

    2013-07-01

    The point kinetics model has been widely used in the analysis of the transient behavior of a nuclear reactor. In the traditional nuclear reactor system safety analysis codes such as RELAP5, the reactivity feedback effects are calculated in a loosely coupled fashion through operator splitting approach. This paper discusses the point kinetics calculations with the fully coupled thermal fluids and fuel temperature feedback implemented into the RELAP-7 code currently being developed with the MOOSE framework. (authors)

  12. Assessment of PCMI Simulation Using the Multidimensional Multiphysics BISON Fuel Performance Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen R. Novascone; Jason D. Hales; Benjamin W. Spencer; Richard L. Williamson

    2012-09-01

    Since 2008, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has been developing a next-generation nuclear fuel performance code called BISON. BISON is built using INL’s Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment, or MOOSE. MOOSE is a massively parallel, finite element-based framework to solve systems of coupled non-linear partial differential equations using the Jacobian-FreeNewton Krylov (JFNK) method. MOOSE supports the use of complex two- and three-dimensional meshes and uses implicit time integration, which is important for the widely varied time scales in nuclear fuel simulation. MOOSE’s object-oriented architecture minimizes the programming required to add new physics models. BISON has been applied to various nuclear fuel problems to assess the accuracy of its 2D and 3D capabilities. The benchmark results used in this assessment range from simulation results from other fuel performance codes to measurements from well-known and documented reactor experiments. An example of a well-documented experiment used in this assessment is the Third Risř Fission Gas Project, referred to as “Bump Test GE7”, which was performed on rod ZX115. This experiment was chosen because it allows for an evaluation of several aspects of the code, including fully coupled thermo-mechanics, contact, and several nonlinear material models. Bump Test GE7 consists of a base-irradiation period of a full-length rod in the Quad-Cities-1 BWR for nearly 7 years to a burnup of 4.17% FIMA. The base irradiation test is followed by a “bump test” of a sub-section of the original rod. The bump test takes place in the test reactor DR3 at Risř in a water-cooled HP1 rig under BWR conditions where the power level is increased by about 50% over base irradiation levels in the span of several hours. During base irradiation, the axial power profile is flat. During the bump test, the axial power profile changes so that the bottom half of the rod is at approximately 50% higher power than at the base irradiation level, while the power at the top of the rod is at about 20% of the base irradiation power level. 2D BISON simulations of the Bump Test GE7 were run using both discrete and smeared pellet geometry. Comparisons between these calculations and experimental measurements are presented for clad diameter and elongation after the base irradiation and clad profile along the length of the test section after the bump test. Preliminary comparisons between calculations and measurements are favorable, supporting the use of BISON as an accurate multiphysics fuel simulation tool.

  13. Effect of Cotton Seed and Cotton Seed Meal in Feeding Hogs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Geo. W; Carson, J. W.

    1892-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0021.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 39102 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0021.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 L'lill 'SE 1892. '2 Feeding Hogs... aoolnm~t to Dir~bwr. .----. nist. ,nC,,.. mistant ssistant j ~rist. stry. ........ B. S. A.. Texas Agvieultu~al ExpeFiment Station. EFFECT OF COTTON SEED AND COTTOX SEED MEAL AS FOODS FOR HOGS. Since the organization of the Agricultural...

  14. Part 9, Authors: L To Lyutkevich 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Ray, Doris H.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1946-01-01

    d'Hydrobiologie de l'Universit? de Tou- louse. Paris, Toulouse. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Ardennes.?Bulletin de la Soci?t? d'Histoire Naturelle des Ar- dennes. Ciiarleville. Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. France.?Bulletin. So-ci?t? des Sciences Naturelles de.... Pittsburgh. Mem. 2. Consr. Venez. Med. (Maracaibo, 18-23 Jan. 1917).?Memorias del II Con- greso Venezolano de Medicina Reunido en la Ciudad de Maracaibo, del 18 al 23 de Enero de 1917. Maracaibo. Mem. Conn. Acad. Arts and Sc.?Memoirs of the Connecticut...

  15. Part 11, Authors: N To Ozzard 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Ray, Doris H.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1950-01-01

    Agricultural College Extension Service. Fort Collins. Bull. Internat. Acad. Polon. Sc. et Lett., Cracovie, Cl. M?d.?Bulletin International de l'Acad?mie Polonaise des Sciences et des Lettres. Classe de M?decine. Cracovie. Bull. M?d. Afrique Occid. Fran... STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DE ??????, BARTH?L?MY; and SABRAZ?S, JEAN? Continued. 1893 a.?Idem

  16. Financing a Farm Business. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Love, Harry M.

    1958-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0903.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 47906 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0903.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Far m-Business SOUTHERN FARM... MANAGEMENT EXTENSION PUBLICATION No. 8 I L FOREWORD i Scientific discoveries and the new technology growing out of them create a nec for constant adjustments in farming. Most of these changes call for capital investnie!i* Few farmers can save from...

  17. Cotton Seed-Treatment Studies at the Blackland Experiment Station. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Cyril H.

    1943-01-01

    the possibility of using less seed is in- dicated when properly-treated seed is planted. LITERATURE CITED ndt, C. XX. and 0.. W. Boozer. Cotton seedling diseases. S. C. Agr. Exp. 5ta. 53rd Ann. Rpt. p. 48-51. 1940. own, J. G.._-.Blackarm of cotton: a.... Sta. Bull. 198. 41 p. 1919. 5. Hall, E. E, and George M. Armstrong. Cotton experiments at P S. C. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 225. 1926. 6. Hall, E. E. Seed treatment. S. C. Agr. Exp. Sta. Ann. Rpt. 46. 1933. 7. Raskell, R. J. and H. D. Barker. Cotton...

  18. Texas Wholesale Market for Christmas Trees. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorensen, H. B. (Harold B.); Smith, W. A.

    1964-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull1021.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 44581 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull1021.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Wholesale Market for 7 :. @EXAS... Wortl~. The study was performed at the request of the Texas Forest Service to provide information about the feasiblity and direction of Cl~ristmas tree man- agement research. Fi~zdings A market exists in the wholesale trade in the three surveyed...

  19. Measure Your Sew - How: Solving Common Sewing Machine Problems. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoades, Beverly

    1981-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull1264a.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 15795 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull1264a.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 DOC TA24S.7 873 0....1264 --","--- Measure Your Sew-How Solving Common Sewing Machine Problems Texas Agricultural Extension Service . The Texas A&M University System . Daniel C . Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas "'164 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] ~. 'I \\ ! fri...

  20. Citrus Variety Trends in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alderman, D. C. (DeForest Charles)

    1951-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0742.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 24281 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0742.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Citrus Variety Trends... thousands of citrus trees and the growers were faced with a tremendous replanting program, which, in turn, had focused interest on varieties. Fruit production figures, yields per acre, and monetary returns per acre for five varieties of grapefruit...

  1. The Farmer and His Market. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulson, W. E.

    1957-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0867.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 22485 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0867.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 .The Farmer and His Market... to determine the pattern behavior of farmers in the markets thc patronize, 277 farmers were interviewed during July and August 1956. The survey w; made in eight counties - Brazos, Burleson, Grimes, Robertson, Madison, Freestone, Lei and Walker...

  2. Phenothiazine-Salt Mixture, Free Choice, for the Control of the Large Stomach Worm in Range Sheep. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boughton, I. B.; Hardy, W. T.; Price, D. A.

    1953-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0766.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 10465 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0766.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Phenothiazine-Salt Mixture Free... of Texas indicates that the large stomach worm of sheep can be controlled satisfactorily through the continued use of a 1-to-9 phenothiazine-salt mixture supplied free choice as a method of treatment. Two groups of sheep were used. One group had access...

  3. A Primer on Food Additives. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull1208a.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 25137 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull1208a.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 45.7 8-1208 :08 A Primer... on Food Additives Extension Foods and Nutrition Specialists The Texas A&M University System Consumers today are very concerned about what goes into their food. This primer on food additives describes what food additives do and why modern food...

  4. # Application Location Model Used Temperature Water Quality Macrophytes Periphyton Zooplankton Fish Year Project Started 1 Center Hill Lake Tennessee CE-QUAL-W2 X X 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    Reservoir 2 Oregon CE-QUAL-W2 X 1999 11 Upper Bull Run River Oregon CE-QUAL-W2 X 1999 12 Lower Bull Run CE-QUAL-W2 X X 1979 3 Tualatin River Oregon CE-QUAL-W2 X X 1991 4 Hagg Lake Oregon CE-QUAL-W2 X X X CE-QUAL-W2 X X X 1991, 2005 7 Smith and Bybee Lakes Oregon CE-QUAL-W2 X X 1992 8 Klamath River - Lake

  5. The biology and control of the three-cornered alfalfa hopper Spissistilus festinus (Say) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Cedric Roy

    1952-01-01

    . Rabat, Maroc. Wa(Q91.M8U5) Bull et Mem Acad Roy Med Belg-- Bulletin et Memoires de l'Academie Royale de Medecine de Belgique. Bruxelles. Continuation of Bull Acad Roy Med Belg and Mem Acad Roy Med Belg. Wm(W1 BU652P) 3 COPRAQ Sess See^ Fish Dis 3..., New Jersey. Continuation of J Pediat Ophth Wm(Wl J0828FD) J Rheumatol-- The Journal of Rheumatology. Toronto. W1(Wm J087H) J Roy Soc Med-- Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. London. Continuation of Proc Roy Soc Med. Wa(448 .9 R814) J...

  6. Hairy Vetch, Bur Clover and Oats as Soil-Building Crops for Cotton and Corn in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, H. F. (Harry Forest); Johnson, P. R. (Paul Rufus); Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1950-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0731.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 43509 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0731.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 1 HAIRY VETCH, BUR CLOVER AND OATS...-8-4 fertilizer per acre at Tyler and Nacog- doches. Hairy vetch was a better green-manure crop than oats at Tyler and oats or bur clover at Nacogdoches. The effects of plowing under hairy vetch lasted more than a year. Corn planted on land where vetch had...

  7. Texas Angora Goat Production. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, James A.; Groff, Jack L.

    1970-01-01

    stream_source_info Bull0926.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 36684 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Bull0926.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 angora goat J. E. Hutchison..., Dimcror, College Station, Texas Texcs Anoora Goat Production JAMESA. GRAY AND JACK L. GROFF* Angora goats are adapted to a dry, mild cli- mate. Since they are primarily browsing animals, they thrive best where there is a good cover of -ush, weeds...

  8. Texas Bovine Trichomoniasis Control Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machen, Richard V.; Gill, Ronald J.; Faries Jr., Floron C.; Hairgrove, Thomas B.

    2009-04-30

    , if any, visible symptoms in cows and heifers, it is best to prevent exposure to the disease rather than try to control or eradicate it. The primary production and economic impact of trich is on cows, because the disease causes infertility and abortions... are available: - RT-PCR test (Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction) or - Culture test Infected bulls must be sold for slaughter because there is no effective treatment for the disease. Remaining bulls in the infected herd must be held and isolated from female...

  9. Mechanical contact by constraints and split-based preconditioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dmitry Karpeyev; Derek Gaston; Jason Hales; Steven Novascone

    2014-03-01

    An accurate implementation of glued mechanical contact was developed in MOOSE based on its Constraint system. This approach results in a superior convergence of elastic structure problems, in particular in BISON. Adaptation of this technique to frictionless and frictional contact models is under way. Additionally, the improved convergence of elastic problems results from the application of the split-based preconditioners to constraint-based systems. This yields a substantial increase in the robustness of elastic solvers when the number of nodes in contact is increased and/or the mesh is refined.

  10. Sharing(is(fun!( Thoughts(on(open(access(research(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    Architecture( November(7,(1999( CSER(/(CASCON(1999( 6( TAXForm(Utopia( P B S E x t r a c t o r ( c f x ) R i g.g.,(Rigi/Shrimp,(SwagKit/PBS,(Bauhaus,(MOOSE,( GuPro,(Datrix,(Dali,(CIA/Acacia(...( #12;November(7,(1999( CSER(/(CASCON(1999( 5( Architectural,*maybe*we*need*to*talk*..."* #12;9( PBS(C(Language(E/R(View( 10( PBS(Architectural(Schema( 11( TA++(Combined(E/R(Model( 12( BAUHAUS

  11. Modeling Constituent Redistribution in U-Pu-Zr Metallic Fuel Using the Advanced Fuel Performance Code BISON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas Porter; Steve Hayes; Various

    2014-06-01

    The Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) metallic fuels currently being tested have higher zirconium and plutonium concentrations than those tested in the past in EBR reactors. Current metal fuel performance codes have limitations and deficiencies in predicting AFC fuel performance, particularly in the modeling of constituent distribution. No fully validated code exists due to sparse data and unknown modeling parameters. Our primary objective is to develop an initial analysis tool by incorporating state-of-the-art knowledge, constitutive models and properties of AFC metal fuels into the MOOSE/BISON (1) framework in order to analyze AFC metallic fuel tests.

  12. Pentek concrete scabbling system: Baseline report; Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-31

    The Pentek concrete scabbling system consists of the MOOSE{reg_sign} scabbler, the SQUIRREL{reg_sign}-I and SQUIRREL{reg_sign}-III scabblers, and VAC-PAC. The scabblers are designed to scarify concrete floors and slabs using cross section, tungsten carbide tipped bits. The bits are designed to remove concrete in 3/8 inch increments. The bits are either 9-tooth or demolition type. The scabblers are used with a vacuum system designed to collect and filter the concrete dust and contamination that is removed from the surface. The safety and health evaluation during the human factors assessment focused on two main areas: noise and dust.

  13. Overview of the BISON Multidimensional Fuel Performance Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. L. Williamson; J. D. Hales; S. R. Novascone; B. W. Spencer; D. M. Perez; G. Pastore; R. C. Martineau

    2013-10-01

    BISON is a modern multidimensional multiphysics finite-element based nuclear fuel performance code that has been under development at the Idaho National Laboratory (USA) since 2009. A brief background is provided on the code’s computational framework (MOOSE), governing equations, and material and behavioral models. Ongoing code verification and validation work is outlined, and comparative results are provided for select validation cases. Recent applications are discussed, including specific description of two applications where 3D treatment is important. A summary of future code development and validation activities is given. Numerous references to published work are provided where interested readers can find more complete information.

  14. Mor-Gran-Sou Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoeOhio: EnergyMoonMoose

  15. Moraine II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoeOhio: EnergyMoonMooseMoraine II

  16. Moraine Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsource History ViewMoeOhio: EnergyMoonMooseMoraine

  17. Over 90 species of rockfish (Sebastes spp.) are found in kelp beds, rocky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ): a bioenergetics approach Chris J. Harvey Northwest Fisheries Science Center National Marine Fisheries Service 2725 by the Scientific Editor. Fish. Bull. 103:71­83 (2005). Fish bioenergetics models relate the energy consumption (Madenjian et al., 2000). At the scale of the indi- vidual fish, bioenergetics models can estimate effects

  18. SECTION 5 Table of Contents 5 Coeur d' Alene Subbasin Overview................................................................2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Spokane River, which flows westerly to its confluence with the Columbia River. Water levels in Coeur d emphasis on harvesting big game and resident fish such as westslope cutthroat trout. Adfluvial and fluvial, and over-harvesting has contributed to their declines. Currently bull trout are listed as threatened under

  19. Reciprocal cross differences in Brahman-Hereford F2 cows: reproductive and maternal traits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Bradley Allen

    2007-04-25

    Data from 75 F2 Brahman-Hereford cows of four specific breed combinations, F2 HB (produced by F1 HB sires x F1 HB dams, where �HB� refers to cattle sired by Hereford bulls and out of Brahman cows), F2 BH (produced by F1 BH sires x F1 BH...

  20. PO Box 2662, Yakima, WA 98907 Phone (509) 453-4104 Email: info@ybfwrb.org Web: www.ybfwrb.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is to "to restore sustainable and harvestable populations of salmon, steelhead, bull trout, and other at-risk look forward to continuing to work closely with the Council to emphasize the importance of the subbasin that it will be incorporated into should be recognized by the Council as the primary guide for steelhead recovery work

  1. Draft Minutes _2 October 2012 LIBRARY STAFF CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DRAFT MINUTES A meeting of the Library Staff Consultative Committee was heldDraft Minutes _2 October 2012 LIBRARY STAFF CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE DIVISION OF INFORMATION.00-11.30am in Hedley Bull Lecture Theatre 1 for affected staff. 4.2 Late Opening Hours The Library extended

  2. Brain Research Bulletin, Vol. 8, pp. 105-107,1982.Printedin the U.S.A. Optic Nerve Regeneration in Goldfish Under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazzaniga, Michael

    optic nerve crush. Of these, four were immediately light deprived by enclosing their home tank in three in Goldfish Under Light Deprivation1 DONALD S. LEITNER,2 ANDREW FRANCIS: AND M. S. GAZZANIGA3" Department. FRANCIS AND M. S. GAZZANIGA. Optic nerve regeneration in goldfish under light deprivation. BRAIN RES. BULL

  3. Most fishery management regula-tions are based on estimation of re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on population dynamics rarely deals directly with catchability per se. For most production models and cohort Y. Ye)): yye@safat.kisr.edu.kw Manuscript accepted 25 June 1998. Fish. Bull. 97:702­712 (1999. Groger. 1989. Diurnal variation in catchability of several fish spe- cies in the North Sea. ICES Council

  4. 1100 12001000 1300 1400 1500 1700 1800 700900800600500400300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auditorium East Quad ROTC Center 513 Pickens St. Thomas Cooper Library McBryde Quadrangle Bull St. Garage GARDEN South Tower Patterson Sims WadeHampton McClintock St. Thomas More Center Campus Ministry Center Pinckney/ Legare RutledgePresident's House South Caroliniana Library Elliott/Harper DeSaussure Thornwell

  5. 233Copyright ECOLOGICAL BULLETINS, 2004 Ecological Bulletins 51: 233239, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    landscapes. ­ Ecol. Bull. 51: 233­239. Large woody debris (LWD) was quantified in 4382 forest stream sites in Sweden. LWD was present at 73% of the sites, but the amount was low with a median number of 1 piece of LWD 100 m­2 . Brown trout was the most frequently occurring fish species and occurred in 82

  6. THE DYNAMICS OF SNAKE HARASSMENT BY BLACK-TAILED PRAIRIE DOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loughry, Jim

    Graduate Group, Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, California 95616 U.S.A.) (With 1 Award, Faculty Research Grant D-819 to D. H. OWINGS, and the largesse of William R. LOUGHRY. Doug STEIN to aid my research. Bill TEXALof the Rapid City Reptile Garden provided the bull snakes and R. O

  7. Hybrid MPI/OpenMP parallel support vector machine training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-12

    Jan 6, 2009 ... a mixture of multiple SVMs where single SVMs are trained on subsets of the training set and a neural network is used to assign samples to different ... port vector machines address this difficulty [Ferris and Munson, 2003, Fine ... though previous investigations have revealed mixed results [Smith and Bull,.

  8. Coordinates Constellations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    constellations: ·Bull (Taurus) ·Crab (Cancer) ·Maiden (Virgo) ·Scorpion (Scorpius) ·Sea Goat (Capricorn) ·Fishes of the Southern Fish ·Rigel: left leg (of Orion) #12;Numbers of the Stars Classic catalogs: Ptolmey's Almagest

  9. PO Box 756 Winthrop, WA 98862 -Phone (509) 422-0300 -Cell (509) 429-1232 Fax (509) 422-1766 -e-mail msrf@communitynet.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and by the MVID to implement the project and manage all received funding. Our primary focus in undertaking summer push-up dam, which hinders upstream migration of Chinook, steelhead, and bull trout, or even blocks migration completely during exceptionally dry years. The proposed project will eliminate the need

  10. Himalayan orogen, so much so that the locus of deep exhumation has been maintained nearly 100 km northwards of the Himalayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Modeling mountain building and the seismic cycle in the Himalaya of Nepal. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 13389. Seismotectonics of the Nepal Himalaya from a local seismic network. J. Asian Earth Sci. 17, 703­712 (1999). 8 from two perspectives. GSA Bull. 112, 324­350 (2000). 12. DeCelles, P. G. et al. Stratigraphy

  11. SANDIA REPORT SAND2013-7205

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Bull and Margaret E. Ochs Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 pathways related to the device technology rather than environmental monitoring or permitting opportunities these information sources were aggregated and prioritized with respect to the potential impact on the lifetime

  12. Analysis of Oil Lubricated Thrust Collars for Application in Integrally Geared Compressors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cable, Travis Alexander

    2015-07-15

    coefficients are determined. In a lubricated thrust collar and bull gear, a hydrodynamic pressure builds in the lower half of the lubricated zone and lubricant cavitation occurs in the upper half. The minimum film thickness and peak pressure in the lubricated...

  13. Carbon Dioxide Evolution from the Floor of Three Minnesota Forests Author(s): W. A. Reiners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Carbon Dioxide Evolution from the Floor of Three Minnesota Forests Author(s): W. A. Reiners and extend access to Ecology. http://www.jstor.org #12;Late Spring 1968 CARBON DIOXIDE EVOLUTION RATES 471. Germination behavior of some halc- phytes. Bull. Res. Council Israel (D) 6: 187-188. CARBON DIOXIDE EVOLUTION

  14. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates the involvement of the general public in nanoscale research and development, to build new capabilities for understanding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates for understanding and governing the power of nanotechnology to transform society. CNS-ASU is affiliated-2000 Image credit: Doug Bull (CC BY-NC-ND) How might nanotechnology change the power dynamics of future

  15. The Composition of Rice By-products. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1904-01-01

    STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULL -- -7 .ETIN NO. 291 FEBRUARY, 1922 DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY DIGESTION EXPERIMENTS B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR CO_LTJ3GE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS STATION... ......................... ................. Digestible protein : 5 Productive value ............................................ 5 Vitamines .................................................. 6 ....................................... Digestion experiments 6...

  16. Copyright by Joel Lawrence Sachs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillis, David

    and Conflict, Experimental Model Systems and Theory. Committee: ______________________________ James J. Bull and Conflict, Experimental Model Systems and Theory. by Joel Lawrence Sachs, B.A., M.Sc. Dissertation Presented age. Thanks, Dad. #12;v Acknowledgements Above all I would like to thank my major advisor, James J

  17. A Comparison of Multi-Scale 3D X-ray Tomographic Inspection Techniques for Assessing Carbon Fibre Composite Impact Damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Composite Impact Damage D.J. Bull1* , L. Helfen2 , I. Sinclair1 , S.M. Spearing1 , T. Baumbach2 1 Materials-scale damage assessment of carbon fibre composites subjected to impact damage, allowing various internal damage for creating an overall 3D damage assessment at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. Overall, microfocus

  18. Extending the Scope of the Student Model Dept. of Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    Extending the Scope of the Student Model Susan Bull Dept. of Artificial Intelligence University University Lancaster LA1 4YR Helen Pain Dept. of Artificial Intelligence University of Edinburgh 80 South material. As an example of this approach we describe the student model of an intelligent computer assisted

  19. Shallow seismic reflection profile of the Meers fault, Comanche County, Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Paul B.; Miller, Richard D.; Steeples, Don W.

    1987-07-01

    tectonic activity in south- western Oklahoma, U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, NUREG ICR-4852, 1-25, A1-A25, 1987. McLean, R., and Stearns, D.W., Fault analysis in the Wichita Mountains [Abs. ], AAPG Bull. 67, 511-512, 1983. Miller, R.D., Steeples...

  20. Abstract--Commercial harvest of red sea urchins began in Washington state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    662 Abstract--Commercial harvest of red sea urchins began in Washington state in 1971. Harvests peaked in the late 1980s and have since declined substan tially in Washington and other areas of the U in Washington. Manuscript accepted 28 March 2002. Fish. Bull. 100:662­673 (2002). Effects of experimental

  1. Conception rates after artificial insemination as affected by heparin binding protein-B5 in frozen semen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Matthew Duncan

    1996-01-01

    of HBP-B5 (21, 24, and 31 kDa forms) on the sperm membranes. Bulls were classified into one of three fertility groups, High (H), Medium (M), or Low (L), according to their BBP-B5 profile. Non-lactating, multiparous Angus or Hereford cows (n--108) were...

  2. Functional Properties and Utilization of High pH Beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Lyda G.

    2010-10-12

    Two Texas fed beef and cow/bull packing plants were surveyed for high pH beef carcasses as well as the evaluation of functional properties of high pH beef in whole muscle beef jerky, frankfurters, and snack stick production. An estimated 42% of cow...

  3. Fig. 1. On the right is the Cloud Chamber, on the left is a laptop running the Cloud Catcher software ( Alexis Kirke.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    software (© Alexis Kirke.) CLOUD CHAMBER: A PERFORMANCE WITH REAL TIME TWO-WAY INTERACTION BETWEEN SUBATOMIC PARTICLES AND VIOLINIST Alexis Kirke, Eduardo Miranda, Antonino Chiaramonte, Anna R. Troisi, John.S.A. Martyn Bull, ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell, Oxford, UK E-mail: alexis.kirke

  4. Carcass Ultrasound Scanning for Breeding Cattle Selection Kevin Gould, MSU Extension Beef Educator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carcass Ultrasound Scanning for Breeding Cattle Selection Kevin Gould, MSU Extension Beef Educator information on live cattle without the need for harvest. Research has indicated that cattle breeders can scan yearling bulls and heifers for carcass traits and have this information included for National Cattle

  5. The Monthly InSTALLmentUHS Health Promotion Office--University Health Service, Rm. 228--www.rochester.edu/uhs Condoms offer excellent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    :30-2 in Hutchison) $25, no appointment needed, UR student BCBS covers cost. UHS Flu Vaccine Clinics Bull's HeadThe Monthly InSTALLmentUHS Health Promotion Office--University Health Service, Rm. 228--www protection against other STI's, such as herpes and HPV because those STI's can be spread by skin contact

  6. SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-16800

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Matthew Fowler, Diana Bull Options for Deep- water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Matthew Fowler created by Sandia National Laboratories to compare floating platform options for each turbine

  7. Adjustment factors and genetic parameter estimates for yearling pelvic area in Limousin cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowley, Joel Douglas

    1995-01-01

    Data on 2,704 bulls and 11,049 heifers provided by the North American Limousin Foundation were analyzed separately to determine age and age of dam adjustment factors for yearling pelvic area and to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations...

  8. Effects of maternal and service sire breed on circulating progesterone and estrogen concentrations before calving and 13,14-dihydro- 15-keto-prostaglandin F2alpha after calving 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lammoglia, Miguel A.

    1993-01-01

    Effects of breed of service sire and dam upon prepartum and postpartum reproductive performance were studied in 20 Brahman (B) and 20 Angus (A) cows whose pregnancies were initiated by B or A bulls. Before calving cows were bled via tail...

  9. The effect of confinement on motivation to exercise in young dairy calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisto Burt, Anne Maria Del Pilar

    1999-01-01

    The objective of this research was the characterization of the ontogeny of "damming up'' in 1-week-old calves. Holstein heifer and bull calves (N=48) were used in a factorial arrangement with two crossed factors. Factor A was housing with two levels...

  10. NEOS: Optimization on the Internet Joseph Czyzyk y Jonathan H. Owen z Stephen J. Wright y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Steve

    letters at courtside at the United Center, home of the Chicago Bulls. For many of us, the Web has become as well. We routinely use the Web to check weather forecasts and movie listings, obtain driving directions recycling bins. Certainly the Web has changed our personal lives, but what of our professional lives? What

  11. CERTAIN FORMULAE FOR VALUES OF THE RIEMANN ZETA FUNCTION AT INTEGRAL POINTS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zudilin, Wadim

    ), Transcendence number theory and its applications, Reports of the Soviet conference (Moscow, February 2­4, 1983] that were used there to prove that (2) and (3) are irrational (see also [2]). Theorem. 1) I2M,0() = M k=1, . . . , xM ]. References 1. F. Beukers, A note on the irrationality of (2) and (3), Bull. London Math. Soc

  12. Monazite response to ultrahigh-pressure subduction from U-Pb dating by laser ablation split stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    10.1029/2004TC001781. Young, D.J. , Hacker, B.R. , Andersen,Soc. Am. Bull. 117, 117–134. Hacker, B.R. , Andersen, T.B. ,Geol. 21, 613–629. Hacker, B.R. , Andersen, T.B. , Johnston,

  13. the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in average

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the average weight of Connecticut River fish was considerably less (Table 1). The difference in the Connecticut River basin. Fisheries (Bethesda) 7(6): 2-11. POTTER. I. C.· F. W. H. BEAMISH, AND B. G. H. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. State Geol. Nat. Hist. Servo Conn.· Dep. Environ. Prot., Bull. 101, 134 p

  14. Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    343 Skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, are distributed throughout the Pacific Ocean in tropical at processing plants in Manta (Ecuador), Assessment of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) spawning activity 2000. Fish. Bull. 99:343­350 (2001). Abstract­An investigation of skip- jack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis

  15. 13 September 198 8 BIOL . SOC. WASH .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestwich, Ken

    13 September 198 8 BIOL . SOC. WASH . BULL . NO. 8 . 1988, pp . 116-128 GREEN TURTLE NESTING--8000 at the turn of the cen- tury (Mortimer 1985) to well below 100 0 during the 1960's and 1970's (Hirth & Car r

  16. List of papers of S.G. Dani 1. Discrete groups with dense orbits (jointly with J.S. Dani), J. Ind. Math.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dani, S.G.

    . Math. Soc. 37 (1973), 183-195. 2. Kolmogorov automorphisms on homogeneous spaces, Amer. J. Math. 98 (1976), 119-163. 3. Dynamical systems on homogeneous spaces, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 82 (1976), 950-952. 4. Bernoullian translations and minimal horospheres on homogeneous spaces, J. Ind. Math. Soc. 39

  17. Sperm transport into the oviducts of heifers mated early in oestrus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sperm transport into the oviducts of heifers mated early in oestrus I. WILMUT, R. H. F. HUNTER ARC contrast with reports of rapid transport of spermatozoa to the oviduct in a period of minutes. Introduction. The development of techniques for the dilution, deep-freezing and artificial insemination of bull semen has made

  18. Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation in Domesticated Goldfish, Carassius Richard Beckwitt; Seiji Aoyagi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckwitt, Richard

    for this particular species of commensal fish. Although the Atlantic bumper apparently does not feed on Aurelia as a food source for larger commensal fishes as- sociated with Aurelia. Acknowledgments.-I thank J. C) (Carangidae). Bull. Inst. Fond. Afr. Noire 30: 226-237. BAUGHMAN,J. L. 1950. Random notes on Texas fish- es

  19. CE-QUAL-W2 Version 3: Hydrodynamic and Water Quality River Basin Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    and Oregon; the Bull Run River basin composed of 3 water sup- ply reservoirs and 2 river sections with a 2CE-QUAL-W2 Version 3: Hydrodynamic and Water Quality River Basin Modeling S. A. Wells Department for deep, long, and narrow waterbodies. The current model, Version 2, has been used in over 200 river

  20. Hydrodynamic and water quality river basin modeling using CE-QUAL-W2 version 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Scott A.

    of the Lower Snake River in the Northwestern USA; the Bull Run River basin composed of 3 water supplyHydrodynamic and water quality river basin modeling using CE-QUAL-W2 version 3 Scott A. Wells for deep, long, and narrow waterbodies. The current model, Version 2, has been used in over 200 river

  1. Title: Scientist of Soil Microbiologist Address: P.O. Box 110290, Soil and Water Science Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balser, Teri C.

    degradation of methyl bromide in methane-, 2,4-D-, and #12;phenol-treated soils. Bull. Environ. Contam and Bioremediation Research Interests: Degradation and fate of pesticides and other environmentally important organic.G. Hornsby. 1997. Stimulation of microbial degradation of methyl bromide in soil during oxidation

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Synthesis and solution properties of novel comb-shaped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China 123 Polym. Bull. DOI 10.1007/s00289-010-0360-4 #12 in polymer flooding, and its application in oil fields has become an important technology for enhanced oil-shaped polymer Á Solution properties Á Heat- and salt-resistance C. Zhou (&) Á W. Yang Á W. Zhou Á Y. Xia

  3. Registration required This lecture is free and open to the public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    followed by refreshments Jessica Jewell International Energy Agency, Paris Hedley Bull Lecture Theatre University, Canberra In spite of the increasing policy importance of both climate change and energy security energy. Others argue there could be negative consequences for the climate if energy security is achieved

  4. Transactions in GIS, 2008, 12(3): 323339 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao Department of Geography University of South Carolina Diansheng Guo Department of Geography of Geography, University of South Carolina, 709 Bull Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. E-mail: liao4@mailbox overu- tilization and underutilization of a shelter. Moreover, due to limited resources, the total

  5. Memory Optimization for Phase-field Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derek Gaston; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Cody Permann; David Andrs

    2014-08-01

    Phase-field simulations are computationally and memory intensive applications. Many of the phase-field simulations being conducted in support of NEAMS were not capable of running on “normal clusters” with 2-4GB of RAM per core, and instead required specialized “big-memory” clusters with 64GB per core. To address this issue, the MOOSE team developed a new Python-based utility called MemoryLogger, and applied it to locate, diagnose, and eradicate memory bottlenecks within the MOOSE framework. MemoryLogger allows for a better understanding of the memory usage of an application being run in parallel across a cluster. Memory usage information is captured for every individual process in a parallel job, and communicated to the head node of the cluster. Console text output from the application itself is automatically matched with this memory usage information to produce a detailed picture of memory usage over time, making it straightforward to identify the subroutines which contribute most to the application’s peak memory usage. The information produced by the MemoryLogger quickly and effectively narrows the search for memory optimizations to the most data-intensive parts of the simulation.

  6. MASSIVE HYBRID PARALLELISM FOR FULLY IMPLICIT MULTIPHYSICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cody J. Permann; David Andrs; John W. Peterson; Derek R. Gaston

    2013-05-01

    As hardware advances continue to modify the supercomputing landscape, traditional scientific software development practices will become more outdated, ineffective, and inefficient. The process of rewriting/retooling existing software for new architectures is a Sisyphean task, and results in substantial hours of development time, effort, and money. Software libraries which provide an abstraction of the resources provided by such architectures are therefore essential if the computational engineering and science communities are to continue to flourish in this modern computing environment. The Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) framework enables complex multiphysics analysis tools to be built rapidly by scientists, engineers, and domain specialists, while also allowing them to both take advantage of current HPC architectures, and efficiently prepare for future supercomputer designs. MOOSE employs a hybrid shared-memory and distributed-memory parallel model and provides a complete and consistent interface for creating multiphysics analysis tools. In this paper, a brief discussion of the mathematical algorithms underlying the framework and the internal object-oriented hybrid parallel design are given. Representative massively parallel results from several applications areas are presented, and a brief discussion of future areas of research for the framework are provided.

  7. Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations: Salmonid Studies Project Progress Report, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paragamian, Vaughn L.; Walters, Jody; Maiolie, Melo [Idaho Department of Fish and Game

    2009-04-09

    This research report addresses bull trout Salvelinus confluentus and Redband trout Oncorhynchus mykiss redd surveys, population monitoring, trout distribution, and abundance surveys in the Kootenai River drainage of Idaho. The bull trout is one of several sport fish native to the Kootenai River, Idaho that no longer supports a fishery. Because bull trout are listed under the Endangered Species Act, population data will be vital to monitoring status relative to recovery goals. Thirty-three bull trout redds were found in North and South Callahan creeks and Boulder Creek in 2007. This is a decrease from 2006 and 2005 and less than the high count in 2003. However, because redd numbers have only been monitored since 2002, the data series is too short to determine bull trout population trends based on redd counts. Redband trout still provide an important Kootenai River sport fishery, but densities are low, at least partly due to limited recruitment. The redband trout proportional stock density (PSD) in 2007 increased from 2006 for a second year after a two-year decline in 2004 and 2005. This may indicate increased recruitment to or survival in the 201-305 mm length group due to the minimum 406 mm (16 inches) length limit initiated in 2002. We conducted 13 redd surveys and counted 44 redband trout redds from May 7 to June 3, 2007 in a 3.8 km survey reach on Twentymile Creek. We surveyed streams in the Kootenai River valley to look for barriers to trout migration. Man-made barriers, for at least part of the year, were found on Caboose, Debt, Fisher, and Twenty Mile creeks. Removing these barriers would increase spawning and rearing habitat for trout and help to restore trout fisheries in the Kootenai River.

  8. Beam Collimation Using an Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab without Any Nanometer-sized Aperture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shou; Cui, Yanxia; Zhang, Feng; He, Sailing; Hao, Yuying; Zhu, Furong

    2015-01-01

    Plasmonic beam collimation effect has been thoroughly investigated based on the well-known nanometer-scale bull's eye structure formed by complex and high-cost fabrication processes. In this work, we report our effort for attaining beam collimation using an anisotropic metamaterial (AMM) slab that consists of a stack of alternating metal/dielectric layers and an integrated top metal grating. The results show that AMM slab allows creating the beam collimation effect similar to that of the bull's eye structure, an enabling technology for practical application due to its simple architecture and cost benefits. The excitation of surface plasmons at the AMM/air interface is derived. The structure of the AMM slab and its impact on beaming performance were analyzed using the effective medium theory and Finite Element Method.

  9. "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups. VII. Concordance"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1989-01-01

    -56) Caprids from Isopata T. 3 (IV 60-61 & 69) Columbia (Vl 58-59) Conch Blower, HM 24 (III 63) Contorted Bull (N 61'-62) Couchant Boars (IV 66-67) Cretan Popular (CP): CP Agrimia (II 125) CP Boars (Ii 125) CP Bulls (11124-1'25) CP Cult (II 124) CP Deet (Il 125...) CP Lions (lI 1.24) CP Men (Il1.23-124) CP Monsters (II 126-127) CP Octopus (lI 126) CP Women (II123) CP Waterbirds (II 125) Crossed Hocks (VI 59-60) Danicourt (IIl 58-60) Dot-Eye Misc. (IV 73) Dot-Eye Mumps (M0-72) dependent: Glass Minotaurs (IV 72...

  10. Supplement 22, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda And Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1981-01-01

    associations, para- site age structure, etc.) Myotis velifer Plecotus townsendii all from Harmon County, southwestern Oklahoma Alcedoecus annulatus Rak, H.; Anwar, M.; and Niak, ?., 1975, Bull. Soc. Path. Exot., v. 68 (6), 588-591 Alcedo athis: Iran... and experimentally in- fected Ornithodoros moubata (hemolymph of both) Odocoileus virginianus: Cherokee County, Oklahoma Amblyomma americanum McMullen, H. L., 1976, J. Kansas Entom. Soc., v. 49 (4), 530 [Abstract] Amblyomma americanum, mouth as site of water...

  11. Supplement 22, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1981-01-01

    , parasite and host sex ratio, interspecific associations, para- site age structure, etc.) Myotis velifer Plecotus townsendii all from Harmon County, southwestern Oklahoma Alcedoecus annulatus Rak, H.; Anwar, M.; and Niak, ?., 1975, Bull. Soc. Path.... 62 (5), 824-825 trypanosomes, similar to Trypanosoma thei- leri-like forms in naturally infected Am- blyomma americanum and experimentally in- fected Ornithodoros moubata (hemolymph of both) Odocoileus virginianus: Cherokee County, Oklahoma...

  12. Football - Squads - 1951-1960 - 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-10-26

    RANCHES I UNIT COSTS AND INCOME Per Cow and Per 100 Ib. Calf COW HERD Percent Calf Crop and Weaning Weight HERD BULLS Production and Quality Information INDIVIDUAL COW RECORDS Production and Profit Records THE RANCH-PRESENT AND FUTURE Production... and Economic Levels and Ranch Goals Texas Agricuttural Extension Service The Texas ABM University System John E. Hutchison, Director College Station, Texas [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] MANAGEMENT CONTROLS FOR SMALL RANCHES L. A. MADDOX, JR...

  13. Rev. of Victorian Hybridities: Cultural Anxiety and Formal Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Dorice Williams

    2013-01-01

    female sexuality and feminism, and, especially, people o f mixed race like the "vampire" o f Marryat's novel The Blood of the Vampire. Deborah A. Thomas's essay deals not with postcolonial peoples but artifacts such as the Assyrian hybrid bulls... while also domesticating the foreign. Thomas's readings o f these examples are fascinating, though it is not clear why chil­ dren's literature specifically is read alongside Assyrian archaeological arti­ facts. Jeffrey L. Spear's "A South Kensington...

  14. Double Muscling in Cattle. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kieffer, Nat M.; Cartwright, T.C.

    1980-01-01

    ,;J Cover photo: This lO-month-old bull is the product of a two-breed cross. He shows classic symptoms of double muscling and illustrates that the double-muscled gene is the same in different breeds of cattlr Double Muscling ......... In Cattle... Nat M. Kieffer Professor T. C. Cartwright Professor The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (Department of Animal Science) 2 Contents 2 Summary 3 Introduction 3 Historical Background 4 Physical Characteristics of Double-Muscled Cattle 4...

  15. Colostral immunoglobulins and their absorption by newborn beef calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vann, Rhonda Carol

    1993-01-01

    Brahman (B;n=20) and Angus (A;n=l 9) cows bred to B or A bulls to produce BxB (n=l 1), AxB (n=9), BxA(n=l 1) and AxA (n=8) calves were used to determine the oW of breed of service sire (Sire), breed of dam (Dam) and sex of calf (Sex...

  16. Robert Hack Bogdan Orlic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    Robert Hack Bogdan Orlic Senol Ozmutlu Sicai Zhu Niek Rengers Three and more dimensional modelling'inge´ nieur Bull Eng Geol Env (2006) 65: 143­153 DOI 10.1007/s10064-005-0021-2 ORIGINAL PAPER R. Hack (&) Ć S-information Sciences and Earth Observation (ITC), Enschede, The Netherlands E-mail: hack@itc.nl Tel.: +31-6-24505442 B

  17. Slaughter Calf Production. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Uel D.

    1955-01-01

    - uations also must be considered in view of mar- ket prices. Proper management of herd bulls directly affects the calf crop percentage, and handling of the herd at calving time needs spe- cial attention. Dehorning, castrating, brand- ing, disease... grasses and legumes is necessary for maximum grazing. This management may consist of fer- tilizing, mowing and deferred or rotation graz- ing. Under such systems cropland should sup- plement permanent pastures. Allowance should be made for feed...

  18. The United States and disarmament, 1921-1934 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Roy

    1968-01-01

    be abolished. To this utterly z idiculous lIsaiah 2 proposal, the lion and tiger, looking sideways at the rhinocerous, declared, "Horns must be abolished. " Siding with the rhinocerous, the bull said, "Paws, and especially claws must be abolished. " "Claws.... Once inside the relative safety of their quarters, the animals began to look upon one another with a friendlier attitude. 2 The Prussian "eagle", the Eritish "lion", the Russian "bear" and all the European powers whose parallels may readily...

  19. Pterocarpus officinalis Dominated Wetlands and Dependent Fauna 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toledo Rodriguez, Frances

    2013-08-05

    ? ? ? ? Eleutherodactylus coqui Coqu? Com?n Coqui Endemic ? ? ? ? Iguana iguana Gallina de Palo Green Iguana Introduced, 1970 ? ? Leptodactylus albilabris Ranita de Labio Blanco White-lipped Frog Native ? ? ? ? Rana catesbeiana Rana Toro American Bull Frog Introduced...?a Santa- Maria Native ? ? Casearia guianensis Palo Blanco Guyanese wild coffee Native ? Casearia sylvestris Sw. Laurel Espada Crack open Native ? Clusia rosea Jacq. Cupey Wild-mamee Native ? Coccoloba diversifolia Uva de Sierra Tie...

  20. On the Forecasting of Orogenic Mesoscale Convective Complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, Donna F.; Zentmire, Kristine S.

    1999-12-01

    ., 1980: Mesoscale convective complexes. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 61, 1374–1387. , 1983: Large-scale meteorological conditions associated with midlatitude mesoscale convective complexes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1475–1493. , D. M. Rodgers, and K. W. Howard..., 1982: Mesoscale convective complexes over the United States during 1981—Annual sum- mary. Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1501–1514. , K. W. Howard, D. L. Bartels, and D. M. Rodgers, 1986: Me- soscale convective complexes in the middle latitudes. Mesoscale...

  1. Beef Cattle Investigations in Texas, 1888-1950. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1950-01-01

    these characteristics are her- editary, effective means of selecting breeding animals for points of economic significance are available. What is the plan of the performance and progeny tests being conducted in Texas? BALMORHEA-A cooperative project between ranchmen... characteristic? BALMORHEA-Since the start of the beef cattle improve- ment project in 1942, performance records have been obtained on spproximately 1,100 bulls and heifers. Most of these cattle have been purebred Herefords but a few Brahman, Angus, Santa Ger...

  2. X-rays from Supernova Remnants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Aschenbach

    2002-08-28

    A summary of X-ray observations of supernova remnants is presented including the explosion fragment A of the Vela SNR, Tycho, N132D, RX J0852-4622, the Crab Nebula and the 'bulls eye', and SN 1987A, high-lighting the progress made with Chandra and XMM-Newton and touching upon the questions which arise from these observations and which might inspire future research.

  3. Six Sigma for Non-Profit Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiddick, Diana L.

    2005-05-20

    companies (Bosch, BT, Bull, Ciba-Geigy, Dassault, Electrolux, Fiat, KLM, Nestl?, Olivetti, Philips, Renault, Sulzer, Volkswagen) with the endorsement of the European Commission, has grown to include over 700 members. The European Quality Awards were... that no American organization was good enough and no one in America was knowledgeable enough to choose the prize winner. This is unlike the Deming Prize which has very prescriptive criteria. Deming believed that his method was the only one method that led to true...

  4. llO(i SOTES VOl. 5'3 inoliolayer of :~dsorliedmolecules is always fouiid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON CARBONYL IROK POWDER BYP. L. N'AIKER,JR.,AND F. RUSINKO,JR. Dopa,./nkrril o/ F w l Technolog!/, Tho "HP" gr;ide, \\Y:W obtnincd From the Qeiiernl Aniline n,nd Film Corp. Thfs method of prel. RIcICleven and D. RI. Hood, A.S.T.AI. Bull. h'o. 138, 25 (March 1846). (31) E. B. Bielnk and E. W. J

  5. Dy Charles Fitzhugn Tulnim Authority on I& teorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dy Charles Fitzhugn Tulnim Authority on I& teorology Although the origin of ball 1i * "alther Brand, i n Germany, cofltains a c r i t i c a l analysis of Z l E cu6e6 Of b e l l lightning, 'selected from a auch l a r g e r numbar of r f p o r t s t o which t h e author Bull lightning occurs

  6. First National Bank Bldg. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raiford Stripling Associates, Inc.; Stripling, Raiford L.

    1949-01-01

    . Agrie., Univ. Puerto Rico.? Bolet?n. Estaci?n Experimental Agricola, Uni- versidad de Puerto Rico. Rio Piedras. Bol. Hosp. Of tal. Ntra. Sra. La Luz.?Bolet?n del Hospital Oftalmologico de Ntra. Sra. de La Luz. Mexico, D. ?. Bol. Mens. Educ. San.... Bull. Vet. Dept. Bombay. [Not available.] Calif. Health?California's Health. State Depart- ment of Public Health. Sacramento; San Fran- cisco; Los Angeles. Campo, Guadalajara.?El Campo. Guadalajara, Jalisco [M?xico]. Cancer.?Le Cancer, Bruxelles...

  7. Response of Felis domestica to Leptospiral infections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Claude Kelly

    1964-01-01

    . Volksgezondh. Ned. -Ind. 29; 1-9, 1940. (Vet. Bull. 12; 81, 1942. Abstract. ) Fessler, John F. Pathogenesis of experimental feline leprospirosis. M. S. Thesis, Purdue University, June, 1962. Galton, Mildred M. , et al. A rapid macroscopic-slide screening...RESPONSE OF FELIS DOMESTICA TO LEPTOSPIRAL INFECTIONS A Thesis By CLAUDE KELLY JONES Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE 'January 1964...

  8. Part 12, Authors: P To Qvortrup 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Ray, Doris H.

    1951-01-01

    Tropenmedizin. Revue des Sciences Tropicales et de M?decine Tropicale. Review of Tropical Science and Tropical Medi- cine. Basel. Agriculteur Charent. ? L'Agriculteur Charentai3. Organe des Associations Agricoles du Depart- ment de la Charente-Maritime. La... Rochelle. Agriculture, Montr?al.?Agriculture. Revue tri- mestrielle de la Corporation des Agronomes de la Province de Qu?bec. Montr?al. Alexander Blain Hosp. Bull.?Alexander Blain Hospital Bulletin. Detroit. Allevatore.?L'Allevatore. Milano. Almanaque...

  9. RELATIVE EFFICIENCY OF TWO CLAM RAKEs AND THEIR CONTRASTING IMPACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of hand rakers in North Carolina. It resembles a garden rake, having a WOOden shaft (handle) about 1.2 m, had a wooden shaft 1.3 m long, and prongs 14 cm long. The bull rake (also known as the shinnecock rake· sists of a steel basket attached to a metal (steel or aluminum) shaft which ends in a t-shaped handle

  10. Resistance in cotyledons, leaves, stems and bolls conferred by several B genes in Gossypium hirsutum L. as measured by races of Xanthomonas Malvacearum (E.F.Sm) Dows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tayel, Mohamed Aly Fathalla

    1967-01-01

    RESISTANCE IN COTYLEDONS, LEAVES, STEMS AND BOLLS CONFERRED BY SEVERAL B GENES IN GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. AS MEASURED BY RACES OF XANTHOMONAS MALVACEARUM (E. F. Sm) DOWS A Thesis By M, A. F. Tayel Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas... A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1967 Major Subject Genetics RESISTANCE IN COTYLEDONS & LEAVES, STEMS AND BULLS CONFERRED BY SEVERAL B GENES IN GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L. AS MEASURED...

  11. Supplement 22, Part 3, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Trematoda and Cestoda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1981-01-01

    . ?.; and Under- wood, H. T., 1977, Tr. Am. Micr. Soc., v. 96 (3) , 403-406 description Urophycis cirratus: Gulf of Mexico Adinosoma microstoma (Chandler, 1935) Skrjabin and Guschanskaja, 1955 Fischthal, J. H.; and Thomas, J. D., 1972, Bull. Inst. Fond...), 403-406 Chelydra serpentina Chrysemys picta Graptemys pseudogeographica all from Nebraska Allassostomoides louisianaensis n. sp., illus. Christian, F. ?.; and White, L. L., 1973, Am. Midland Naturalist, v. 90 (1), 218-220 Rana grylio (large...

  12. RELAP-7 Beta Release: Summary of Capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martineau, Richard C.; Zhang, Hongbin; Zhao, Haihua

    2014-12-01

    RELAP-7 is a nuclear systems safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Building upon the decades of software development at the INL, we began the development of RELAP-7 in 2011 to support the Risk Informed Safety Margins Characterization (RISMC) Pathway. As part of this development, the first lines of RELAP-7 code were committed to the software revision control repository on November 7th, 2011. The overall design goal of RELAP-7 is to take advantage of the previous thirty years of advancements in computer architecture, software design, numerical methods, and physical models in order to provide capabilities needed for the RISMC methodology and to support nuclear power safety analysis. RELAP-7 is built using the INL’s modern scientific software development framework, MOOSE (Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment). MOOSE provides improved numerical calculations (including higher-order integration in both space and time, yielding converged second-order accuracy). The RELAP-7 code structure is based on multiple physical component models such as pipes, junctions, pumps, etc. Each component can have options for different fluid models such as single- and two-phase flow. This component-based and physics-based software architecture allows RELAP-7 to adopt different physical models for different applications. A relatively new two-phase hydrodynamic model, termed the ''7-Equation model'' for two phasic pressures, velocities, energies, and volumetric fraction, is incorporated into RELAP-7 for liquid-gas (water-steam) flows. This new model allows second-order integration because it is well-posed, which will reduce the numerical error associated with traditional systems analysis codes. In this paper, we provide a RELAP-7 capability list describing analysis features, range of applicability, and reactor components that will be available for the December 15th, 2014 beta release of the software.

  13. Lateralization of behavior in dairy cows in response to conspecifics and novel persons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, C. J. C.; Oevermans, H.; Syrett, K. L.; Jespersen, A. Y.; Pearce, G. P.

    2015-01-31

    and 152 138 cows were observed in two studies, with individual identification by ear tags and freeze 153 brands. Cows were observed after pm milking, after taking a step down from the concrete 154 surrounding the milking parlour, walking down a 5 m wide... . Villarroel, A. Dalmau, and A.M.M. Velarde. 2013. Influence of social 502 dominance on production, welfare and the quality of meat from beef bulls. Meat Sci. 503 94:432-437. 504 Lowman, B.G., N.A. Scott, and S.H. Somerville, 1976. Condition Scoring...

  14. Predicting body-core temperature in fish subjected to fluctuating ambient temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fechhelm, Robert George

    1981-01-01

    L. J. Fisheries Res. Board Can. 27:1209-1214. Beitinger3 T L ~ M M ThoIKlss 3 and S ~ A Spigarelli 1977 ~ Relative roles of conduction and convection in the body temperature change of gizzard shad3 Dcg ogoma EHDe~diasHag. Comp, Biochem. Physiol... behavior, heat exchange, d t b I' 1 th d W b k ~SW h1 liff dl. Physiol. Zooi. 45:78-94. Doudoroff8 PE 1942 ' The resistance snd acclimation of marine fishes t p t hag . 1, 8~~ t &thdd 11 ~tt Biol. Bull 83:219-244. ? . 1945. The resistance...

  15. A comparison of the relative merits of extenders containing yolk from hen, turkey or duck eggs, or fresh or reconstituted skimmilk for maintaining bovine sperm motility during storage at 5 ?and -196C? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasnath, Mohammed Abul

    1962-01-01

    . Mayer, and R. Bogart. Influence of Diluter Rate of Cooling and Storage Temperature on the Survival of Bull Semen. Amer. Jour. Vet. Res. 3: 358-363. 1942. 24, Foote, R. H. , snd R. W . Bratton. The Pertility of Bovine Semen in Ex- tenders Containing... Sulfanilamide, Penicilli. n, Streptomyci. n and Polymixin. J . Dairy Sci . , 33: 547, 1950 . Foote, R. H. , and R. W, Bratton, Survival of Bovine Spermatozoa Stored at 5 0 and 25 C in Extenders Containing Vaiying Levels of Egg Yolk, Qlucoga, Glycine...

  16. Marshall HTC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    and trade-ma registered with the State Chemist during 1946-47: vith the iror .A "" ~rks irks Acid Earth Fertilis Marshall Smith Gro-GretL, Aero Ferti-Lome Min-Coll Smith Gro-Grain AleXite Fidelity Min-Sol Smith Square Deal All Crop Ford...'s Bin Crop Heart Pabak Sulphur Earth Bull Dog Hu-Actinite Palestine Blue Star Swift's Rd. Stc Burbank Hy-Gro Pic-Nic T. C. C. C. C. I. Hyponex Plant-Chem Terra-Lite Cal-Nitro HY-Trous Purina Texas Longhorn Capitol International Quick-Mix Thorobred...

  17. Ogmios 28

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2006-01-01

    of Southern Africa) realised that tourism represented both threat and opportunity. A San chief, Mathambo, said that tourism is like a raging bull in a village; if you don't capture it, it will destroy the village. And the !Khwa ttu centre is an attempt... to sponsor a new endangered-language robot? I give free personal (non-commercial) access to instant translations, pronunciations, and conversations to any computer, mobile device, cell phone, instant messenger, web- browser, and standard talking toys found...

  18. Black Kernel and White Tip of Rice. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alan L. (Alan La Mott); Altstatt, G. E. (George E.)

    1940-01-01

    . Amer. Jour. Bot. 26 :P46-852. 1939. Taubenhaus, J. J. Rice diseases. In 50th Ann. Rpt. Tex. Agr. Sta., pp. 114-115. 1937. Taubenhaus, J. J., Altstatt, G. E., and Wyche, R. H. Black kernel of rice. In 4Fth Ann. Rpt. Texas Am. Exp. Sta., p. 94. 1935.... Taubenhaus, J. J., and Wyche, R. H. Rice Diseases. In 49th Ann. Rpt. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta., pp. 109-111. 1936. Tullis, E. C. Fungi isolated from discolored rice kernels. U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bull. 540. 1936. ...

  19. The 'Genius' in Mycenaean Glyptic: the Later Evolution of an Aegean Cult Figure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehak, Paul

    1995-01-01

    . 13 (drawing by author); Fig.2.'Symeonoglou (inti'an.30)PI.73Fi1.231 (drawingbyauthor); Fig.5:Levi(infran.7)Fig. 175(drawingbyauthor); Flg.9.' reconstruction by author. Remaining figures from the archives of CMS. 1 M.A.V. cill, AM 79, 1964, lff.; ead...T.; J. Weingarten, OJA 5, 1986, 27ff .; ead., OJA 7, 1988, 1ff.; ead., in: ASSA 105ff. 13 The genius identified on a LH IIIC bull rhyton t)'om Tiryns is actually a l'ampant goat: see Appendix, Ellatum. la The Tiryns ring (CMS I No. 179) was discovered...

  20. Parental care masks a density-dependent shift from cooperation to competition among burying beetle larvae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrader, Matthew; Jarrett, Benjamin J. M.; Kilner, Rebecca M.

    2015-03-21

    . Kolliker, eds. The evolution of parental care. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, U.K. Marti, C. D. 1989. Food sharing by sibling common barn-owls. Wilson Bull. 101:132–134. Mas, F., and M. Ko¨lliker. 2008. Maternal care and offspring begging in social insects... (Tyto alba) nestlings have been documented feeding one another (Marti 1989) and there is evidence that barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) nestlings moder- ate their selfishness when their siblings have been food deprived (Romano et al. 2012). Although...

  1. Digestion Experiments on Men with Cottonseed Meal. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rather, J. B. (James Burness)

    1913-01-01

    WITH COTTONSEED MEAL. J. B. RATHER, Assistant Chemist.* ID a former bulletin of the Texas Experiment Station (Fraps, Bull. 128, Cottonseed Meal as Human Food) analyses of cotton seed bakery products were reported, and the use o f cottonseed meal as a food.... No other nutrient can take the place of protein for this purpose. P ro? tein may also be burned in the body for the production of energy, and if an excess of protein is consumed, it will be disposed of in this way. The white of an egg and lean meat...

  2. Bulldog | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull Creek Wind

  3. Bullhead City, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull Creek WindBullhead

  4. Bunceton, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull Creek

  5. Bunkerville, Nevada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull CreekBunkerville,

  6. Burbank, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBull

  7. Burco Farm and Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco Farm and Feed

  8. Bureau Valley School District Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco Farm and

  9. Bureau of Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco Farm andBureau

  10. Bureau of Indian Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco Farm

  11. Bureau of Land Management - 4.0 Chapter 4 - Environmental Effects | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco FarmEnergy

  12. Bureau of Land Management - Examples of Non-LUP Prep Plan or EIS Prep Plan

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco FarmEnergy|

  13. Bureau of Land Management - Examples of Scoping Reports | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurco

  14. Bureau of Land Management - Geothermal Drilling Permit | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment ToolkitBullBurcoInformation

  15. Protect and Restore the Upper Lochsa : Annual Progress Report, May 2008 – April 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lloyd, Rebecca; Forestieri, David

    2009-08-13

    The Upper Lochsa watersheds included in the project contain critical spawning and rearing habitat for anadromous and resident fish (Clearwater National Forest 1999). Species that depend on the tributary habitat include spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Snake River summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), bull trout (Salvelinus confluentes), and westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi). Steelhead and bull trout populations are currently listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), and westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing. Both out-of-basin and in-basin factors threaten fish populations in the Lochsa Drainage (Clearwater Subbasin Plan 2003). Out-of-basin factors include the hydroelectric system and ocean conditions, while in-basin factors include a variety of management activities leading to habitat degradation. This project is implemented under Bonneville Power Administration's Fish and Wildlife program in order to meet National Marine Fisheries Service requirements to offset losses caused by the operation of the hydrosystem by improving tributary habitats to promote increased productivity of salmon and steelhead. The Clearwater Subbasin Plan (2003) defines limiting factors to fisheries in the area as watershed disturbances, habitat degradation, sediment, temperature, and connectivity.

  16. Pentek concrete scabbling system: Baseline report; Greenbook (chapter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-07-31

    The Pentek scabbling technology was tested at Florida International University (FIU) and is being evaluated as a baseline technology. This report evaluates it for safety and health issues. It is a commercially available technology and has been used for various projects at locations throughout the country. The Pentek concrete scabbling system consisted of the MOOSE, SQUIRREL-I, and SQUIRREL-III scabblers. The scabblers are designed to scarify concrete floors and slabs using cross-section, tungsten carbide tipped bits. The bits are designed to remove concrete in 318 inch increments. The bits are either 9-tooth or demolition type. The scabblers are used with a vacuum system designed to collect and filter the concrete dust and contamination that is removed from the surface. The safety and health evaluation conducted during the testing demonstration focused on two main areas of exposure: dust and noise. Dust exposure was minimal, but noise exposure was significant. Further testing for each of these exposures is recommended. Because of the outdoor environment where the testing demonstration took place, results may be inaccurate. It is feasible that the dust and noise levels will be higher in an enclosed operating environment. Other areas of concern were arm-hand vibration, whole-body vibration, ergonomics, heat stress, tripping hazards, electrical hazards, machine guarding, and lockout/tagout.

  17. RELAP-7 Numerical Stabilization: Entropy Viscosity Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. A. Berry; M. O. Delchini; J. Ragusa

    2014-06-01

    The RELAP-7 code is the next generation nuclear reactor system safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The code is based on the INL's modern scientific software development framework, MOOSE (Multi-Physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment). The overall design goal of RELAP-7 is to take advantage of the previous thirty years of advancements in computer architecture, software design, numerical integration methods, and physical models. The end result will be a reactor systems analysis capability that retains and improves upon RELAP5's capability and extends the analysis capability for all reactor system simulation scenarios. RELAP-7 utilizes a single phase and a novel seven-equation two-phase flow models as described in the RELAP-7 Theory Manual (INL/EXT-14-31366). The basic equation systems are hyperbolic, which generally require some type of stabilization (or artificial viscosity) to capture nonlinear discontinuities and to suppress advection-caused oscillations. This report documents one of the available options for this stabilization in RELAP-7 -- a new and novel approach known as the entropy viscosity method. Because the code is an ongoing development effort in which the physical sub models, numerics, and coding are evolving, so too must the specific details of the entropy viscosity stabilization method. Here the fundamentals of the method in their current state are presented.

  18. Advanced Pellet Cladding Interaction Modeling Using the US DOE CASL Fuel Performance Code: Peregrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Hales; Various

    2014-06-01

    The US DOE’s Consortium for Advanced Simulation of LWRs (CASL) program has undertaken an effort to enhance and develop modeling and simulation tools for a virtual reactor application, including high fidelity neutronics, fluid flow/thermal hydraulics, and fuel and material behavior. The fuel performance analysis efforts aim to provide 3-dimensional capabilities for single and multiple rods to assess safety margins and the impact of plant operation and fuel rod design on the fuel thermomechanical- chemical behavior, including Pellet-Cladding Interaction (PCI) failures and CRUD-Induced Localized Corrosion (CILC) failures in PWRs. [1-3] The CASL fuel performance code, Peregrine, is an engineering scale code that is built upon the MOOSE/ELK/FOX computational FEM framework, which is also common to the fuel modeling framework, BISON [4,5]. Peregrine uses both 2-D and 3-D geometric fuel rod representations and contains a materials properties and fuel behavior model library for the UO2 and Zircaloy system common to PWR fuel derived from both open literature sources and the FALCON code [6]. The primary purpose of Peregrine is to accurately calculate the thermal, mechanical, and chemical processes active throughout a single fuel rod during operation in a reactor, for both steady state and off-normal conditions.

  19. Physics-based multiscale coupling for full core nuclear reactor simulation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gaston, Derek R.; Permann, Cody J.; Peterson, John W.; Slaughter, Andrew E.; Andrš, David; Wang, Yaqi; Short, Michael P.; Perez, Danielle M.; Tonks, Michael R.; Ortensi, Javier; et al

    2015-10-01

    Numerical simulation of nuclear reactors is a key technology in the quest for improvements in efficiency, safety, and reliability of both existing and future reactor designs. Historically, simulation of an entire reactor was accomplished by linking together multiple existing codes that each simulated a subset of the relevant multiphysics phenomena. Recent advances in the MOOSE (Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment) framework have enabled a new approach: multiple domain-specific applications, all built on the same software framework, are efficiently linked to create a cohesive application. This is accomplished with a flexible coupling capability that allows for a variety of different datamore »exchanges to occur simultaneously on high performance parallel computational hardware. Examples based on the KAIST-3A benchmark core, as well as a simplified Westinghouse AP-1000 configuration, demonstrate the power of this new framework for tackling—in a coupled, multiscale manner—crucial reactor phenomena such as CRUD-induced power shift and fuel shuffle. 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-SA license« less

  20. Synchrotron characterization of nanograined UO2 grain growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mo, Kun; Miao, Yinbin; Yun, Di; Jamison, Laura M.; Lian, Jie; Yao, Tiankei

    2015-09-30

    This activity is supported by the US Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Fuels Product Line (FPL) and aims at providing experimental data for the validation of the mesoscale simulation code MARMOT. MARMOT is a mesoscale multiphysics code that predicts the coevolution of microstructure and properties within reactor fuel during its lifetime in the reactor. It is an important component of the Moose-Bison-Marmot (MBM) code suite that has been developed by Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to enable next generation fuel performance modeling capability as part of the NEAMS Program FPL. In order to ensure the accuracy of the microstructure based materials models being developed within the MARMOT code, extensive validation efforts must be carried out. In this report, we summarize our preliminary synchrotron radiation experiments at APS to determine the grain size of nanograin UO2. The methodology and experimental setup developed in this experiment can directly apply to the proposed in-situ grain growth measurements. The investigation of the grain growth kinetics was conducted based on isothermal annealing and grain growth characterization as functions of duration and temperature. The kinetic parameters such as activation energy for grain growth for UO2 with different stoichiometry are obtained and compared with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations.

  1. Supplying materials needed for grain growth characterizations of nano-grained UO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mo, Kun; Miao, Yinbin; Yun, Di; Jamison, Laura M.; Lian, Jie; Yao, Tiankei

    2015-09-30

    This activity is supported by the US Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Fuels Product Line (FPL) and aims at providing experimental data for the validation of the mesoscale simulation code MARMOT. MARMOT is a mesoscale multiphysics code that predicts the coevolution of microstructure and properties within reactor fuel during its lifetime in the reactor. It is an important component of the Moose-Bison-Marmot (MBM) code suite that has been developed by Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to enable next generation fuel performance modeling capability as part of the NEAMS Program FPL. In order to ensure the accuracy of the microstructure based materials models being developed within the MARMOT code, extensive validation efforts must be carried out. In this report, we summarize our preliminary synchrotron radiation experiments at APS to determine the grain size of nanograin UO2. The methodology and experimental setup developed in this experiment can directly apply to the proposed in-situ grain growth measurements. The investigation of the grain growth kinetics was conducted based on isothermal annealing and grain growth characterization as functions of duration and temperature. The kinetic parameters such as activation energy for grain growth for UO2 with different stoichiometry are obtained and compared with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations.

  2. John Day Fish Passage and Screening; 2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, Steve

    2004-02-01

    The primary goal of the Oregon Screens Project was to implement 20 replacement screens projects in the John Day sub-basin and any projects identified in the Umatilla and Walla Walla sub-basins. A secondary goal is to complete a passage project, if one is identified, in any of the above sub-basins. Mid-Columbia ESU listed steelhead and USF&W listed bull trout inhabit these sub-basins and are present at most locations, along with a variety of resident fish species. We also provide assistance to our Enterprise Screen Shop, in the Grande Ronde/Imnaha sub-basins, if needed. All projects were designed and implemented under current National Marine Fisheries Service screening and passage criteria.

  3. Electromigration dispersion in a capillary in the presence of electro-osmotic flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosal, S

    2012-01-01

    The differential migration of ions in an applied electric field is the basis for separation of chemical species by capillary electrophoresis. Axial diffusion of the concentration peak limits the separation efficiency. Electromigration dispersion is observed when the concentration of sample ions is comparable to that of the background ions. Under such conditions, the local electrical conductivity is significantly altered in the sample zone making the electric field, and therefore, the ion migration velocity concentration dependent. The resulting nonlinear wave exhibits shock like features, and, under certain simplifying assumptions, is described by Burgers' equation (S. Ghosal and Z. Chen Bull. Math. Biol. 2010, vol.72, pg. 2047).In this paper, we consider the more general situation where the walls of the separation channel may have a non-zero zeta potential and are therefore able to sustain an electro-osmotic bulk flow. The main result is a one dimensional nonlinear advection diffusion equation for the area a...

  4. Filiform Lie algebras of order 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navarro, R. M., E-mail: rnavarro@unex.es [Rosa María Navarro. Dpto. de Matemáticas, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres (Spain)

    2014-04-15

    The aim of this work is to generalize a very important type of Lie algebras and superalgebras, i.e., filiform Lie (super)algebras, into the theory of Lie algebras of order F. Thus, the concept of filiform Lie algebras of order F is obtained. In particular, for F = 3 it has been proved that by using infinitesimal deformations of the associated model elementary Lie algebra it can be obtained families of filiform elementary lie algebras of order 3, analogously as that occurs into the theory of Lie algebras [M. Vergne, “Cohomologie des algčbres de Lie nilpotentes. Application ŕ l’étude de la variété des algčbres de Lie nilpotentes,” Bull. Soc. Math. France 98, 81–116 (1970)]. Also we give the dimension, using an adaptation of the sl(2,C)-module Method, and a basis of such infinitesimal deformations in some generic cases.

  5. Sorption Modeling and verification for Off-Gas Treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tavlarides, Lawrence L.; Lin, Ronghong; Nan, Yue; Yiacoumi, Sotira; Tsouris, Costas; Ladshaw, Austin; Sharma, Ketki; Gabitto, Jorge; DePaoli, David

    2015-04-29

    The project has made progress toward developing a comprehensive modeling capability for the capture of target species in off gas evolved during the reprocessing of nuclear fuel. The effort has integrated experimentation, model development, and computer code development for adsorption and absorption processes. For adsorption, a modeling library has been initiated to include (a) equilibrium models for uptake of off-gas components by adsorbents, (b) mass transfer models to describe mass transfer to a particle, diffusion through the pores of the particle and adsorption on the active sites of the particle, and (c) interconnection of these models to fixed bed adsorption modeling which includes advection through the bed. For single-component equilibria, a Generalized Statistical Thermodynamic Adsorption (GSTA) code was developed to represent experimental data from a broad range of isotherm types; this is equivalent to a Langmuir isotherm in the two-parameter case, and was demonstrated for Kr on INL engineered sorbent HZ PAN, water sorption on molecular sieve 3A sorbent material (MS3A), and Kr and Xe capture on metal-organic framework (MOF) materials. The GSTA isotherm was extended to multicomponent systems through application of a modified spreading pressure surface activity model and generalized predictive adsorbed solution theory; the result is the capability to estimate multicomponent adsorption equilibria from single-component isotherms. This advance, which enhances the capability to simulate systems related to off-gas treatment, has been demonstrated for a range of real-gas systems in the literature and is ready for testing with data currently being collected for multicomponent systems of interest, including iodine and water on MS3A. A diffusion kinetic model for sorbent pellets involving pore and surface diffusion as well as external mass transfer has been established, and a methodology was developed for determining unknown diffusivity parameters from transient uptake data. Two parallel approaches have been explored for integrating the kernels described above into a mass-transport model for adsorption in fixed beds. In one, the GSTA isotherm kernel has been incorporated into the MOOSE framework; in the other approach, a focused finite-difference framework and PDE kernels have been developed. Issues, including oscillatory behavior in MOOSE solutions to advection-diffusion problems, and opportunities have been identified for each approach, and a path forward has been identified toward developing a stronger modeling platform. Experimental systems were established for collection of microscopic kinetics and equilibria data for single and multicomponent uptake of gaseous species on solid sorbents. The systems, which can operate at ambient temperature to 250°C and dew points from -69 to l7°C, are useful for collecting data needed for modeling performance of sorbents of interest. Experiments were conducted to determine applicable models and parameters for isotherms and mass transfer for water and/or iodine adsorption on MS3A. Validation experiments were also conducted for water adsorption on fixed beds ofMS3A. For absorption, work involved modeling with supportive experimentation. A dynamic model was developed to simulate C02 absorption with chemical reaction using high alkaline content water solutions. A computer code was developed to implement the model based upon transient mass and energy balances. Experiments were conducted in a laboratory-scale column to determine model parameters. The influence of geometric parameters and operating variables on C02 absorption was studied over a wide range of conditions. This project has resulted in 7 publications, with 3 manuscripts in preparation. Also, 15 presentations were given at national meetings of ANS and AIChE and at Material Recovery and Waste Forms Campaign Working Group meetings.

  6. OSPREY Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veronica J. Rutledge

    2013-01-01

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior and feedback loops. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes will provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. The specific fuel cycle separation process discussed in this report is the off-gas treatment system. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of off-gas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas, sorbent, and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data is obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. It also outputs temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. Experimental data and parameters were input into the adsorption model to develop models specific for krypton adsorption. The same can be done for iodine, xenon, and tritium. The model will be validated with experimental breakthrough curves. Customers will be given access to OSPREY to used and evaluate the model.

  7. Off-gas Adsorption Model and Simulation - OSPREY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veronica J Rutledge

    2013-10-01

    The absence of industrial scale nuclear fuel reprocessing in the U.S. has precluded the necessary driver for developing the advanced simulation capability now prevalent in so many other countries. Thus, it is essential to model complex series of unit operations to simulate, understand, and predict inherent transient behavior. A capability of accurately simulating the dynamic behavior of advanced fuel cycle separation processes is expected to provide substantial cost savings and many technical benefits. To support this capability, a modeling effort focused on the off-gas treatment system of a used nuclear fuel recycling facility is in progress. The off-gas separation consists of a series of scrubbers and adsorption beds to capture constituents of interest. Dynamic models are being developed to simulate each unit operation involved so each unit operation can be used as a stand-alone model and in series with multiple others. Currently, an adsorption model has been developed within Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Off-gas Separation and REcoverY (OSPREY) models the adsorption of offgas constituents for dispersed plug flow in a packed bed under non-isothermal and non-isobaric conditions. Inputs to the model include gas composition, sorbent and column properties, equilibrium and kinetic data, and inlet conditions. The simulation outputs component concentrations along the column length as a function of time from which breakthrough data can be obtained. The breakthrough data can be used to determine bed capacity, which in turn can be used to size columns. In addition to concentration data, the model predicts temperature along the column length as a function of time and pressure drop along the column length. A description of the OSPREY model, results from krypton adsorption modeling and plans for modeling the behavior of iodine, xenon, and tritium will be discussed.

  8. Dynamic Event Tree Analysis Through RAVEN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Alfonsi; C. Rabiti; D. Mandelli; J. Cogliati; R. A. Kinoshita; A. Naviglio

    2013-09-01

    Conventional Event-Tree (ET) based methodologies are extensively used as tools to perform reliability and safety assessment of complex and critical engineering systems. One of the disadvantages of these methods is that timing/sequencing of events and system dynamics is not explicitly accounted for in the analysis. In order to overcome these limitations several techniques, also know as Dynamic Probabilistic Risk Assessment (D-PRA), have been developed. Monte-Carlo (MC) and Dynamic Event Tree (DET) are two of the most widely used D-PRA methodologies to perform safety assessment of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP). In the past two years, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed its own tool to perform Dynamic PRA: RAVEN (Reactor Analysis and Virtual control ENvironment). RAVEN has been designed in a high modular and pluggable way in order to enable easy integration of different programming languages (i.e., C++, Python) and coupling with other application including the ones based on the MOOSE framework, developed by INL as well. RAVEN performs two main tasks: 1) control logic driver for the new Thermo-Hydraulic code RELAP-7 and 2) post-processing tool. In the first task, RAVEN acts as a deterministic controller in which the set of control logic laws (user defined) monitors the RELAP-7 simulation and controls the activation of specific systems. Moreover, RAVEN also models stochastic events, such as components failures, and performs uncertainty quantification. Such stochastic modeling is employed by using both MC and DET algorithms. In the second task, RAVEN processes the large amount of data generated by RELAP-7 using data-mining based algorithms. This paper focuses on the first task and shows how it is possible to perform the analysis of dynamic stochastic systems using the newly developed RAVEN DET capability. As an example, the Dynamic PRA analysis, using Dynamic Event Tree, of a simplified pressurized water reactor for a Station Black-Out scenario is presented.

  9. Secure & Restore Critical Fisheries Habitat, Flathead Subbasin, FY2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn; Tohtz, Joel

    2008-11-12

    The construction of Hungry Horse Dam inundated 125 km of adfluvial trout habitat in the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries, impacting natural fish reproduction and rearing. Rapid residential and commercial growth in the Flathead Watershed now threaten the best remaining habitats and restrict our opportunities to offset natural resource losses. Hydropower development and other land disturbances caused severe declines in the range and abundance of our focal resident fish species, bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. Bull trout were listed as threatened in 1998 under the Endangered Species Act and westslope cutthroat were petitioned for listing under ESA. Westslope cutthroat are a species of special concern in Montana and a species of special consideration by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. The Secure & Protect Fisheries Habitat project follows the logical progression towards habitat restoration outlined in the Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Implementation Plan approved by the NWPPC in 1993. This project is also consistent with the 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program and the Flathead River Subbasin Plan that identifies the protection of habitats for these populations as one of the most critical needs in the subbasin and directs actions to offset habitat losses. The Flathead basin is one of the fastest growing human population centers in Montana. Riparian habitats are being rapidly developed and subdivided, causing habitat degradation and altering ecosystem functions. Remaining critical habitats in the Flathead Watershed need to be purchased or protected with conservation easements if westslope cutthroat and bull trout are to persist and expand within the subbasin. In addition, habitats degraded by past land uses need to be restored to maximize the value of remaining habitats and offset losses caused by the construction of Hungry Horse Dam. Securing and restoring remaining riparian habitat will benefit fish by shading and moderating water temperatures, stabilizing banks and protecting the integrity of channel dimension, improving woody debris recruitment for in-channel habitat features, producing terrestrial insects and leaf litter for recruitment to the stream, and helping to accommodate and attenuate flood flows. The purpose of this project is to work with willing landowners to protect the best remaining habitats in the Flathead subbasin as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan. The target areas for land protection activities follow the priorities established in the Flathead subbasin plan and include: (1) Class 1 waters as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan; (2) Class 2 watersheds as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan; and (3) 'Offsite mitigation' defined as those Class 1 and Class 2 watersheds that lack connectivity to the mainstem Flathead River or Flathead Lake. This program focuses on conserving the highest quality or most important riparian or fisheries habitat areas consistent with program criteria. The success of our efforts is subject to a property's actual availability and individual landowner negotiations. The program is guided using biological and project-based criteria that reflect not only the priority needs established in the Flathead subbasin plan, but also such factors as cost, credits, threats, and partners. The implementation of this project requires both an expense and a capital budget to allow work to be completed. This report addresses accomplishments under both budgets during FY08 as the two budgets are interrelated. The expense budget provided pre-acquisition funding to conduct activities such as surveys, appraisals, staff support, etc. The capital budget was used to purchase the interest in each parcel including closing costs. Both the pre-acquisition contract funds and the capital funds used to purchase fee title or conservation easements were spent in accordance with the terms negotiated within the FY08 through FY09 MOA between the Tribes, State, and BPA. In FY08, the focus of this project was to pursue all possible properties

  10. Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan; Implementation of Fisheries Enhancement Opportunities on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation, 1997-2002 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitale, Angelo; Lamb, Dave; Peters, Ronald

    2002-11-01

    Westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) are currently of special concern regionally and are important to the culture and subsistence needs of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. The mission of the Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program is to restore and maintain these native trout and the habitats that sustain them in order to provide subsistence harvest and recreational fishing opportunities for the Reservation community. The adfluvial life history strategy exhibited by westslope cutthroat and bull trout in the Lake Coeur d'Alene subbasin makes these fish susceptible to habitat degradation and competition in both lake and stream environments. Degraded habitat in Lake Coeur d'Alene and its associated streams and the introduction of exotic species has lead to the decline of westslope cutthroat and listing of bull trout under the endangered species act (Peters et al. 1998). Despite the effects of habitat degradation, several streams on the Reservation still maintain populations of westslope cutthroat trout, albeit in a suppressed condition (Table 1). The results of several early studies looking at fish population status and habitat condition on the Reservation (Graves et al. 1990; Lillengreen et al. 1993, 1996) lead the Tribe to aggressively pursue funding for habitat restoration under the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) resident fish substitution program. Through these efforts, habitat restoration needs were identified and projects were initiated. The Coeur d'Alene Tribe Fisheries Program is currently involved in implementing stream habitat restoration projects, reducing the transport of sediment from upland sources, and monitoring fish populations in four watersheds on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation (Figure 1). Restoration projects have included riparian plantings, addition of large woody debris to streams, and complete channel reconstruction to restore historical natural channel forms. In addition, ponds have been constructed to trap sediment from rill and gully erosion associated with agricultural practices, and to provide flow enhancement and ameliorate elevated stream temperatures during the summer base flow period. The implementation of restoration efforts that target the key habitats and lifestages for resident westslope cutthroat trout on the Coeur d'Alene Reservation is one means the Tribe is using to partially mitigate for lost anadromous fisheries. In this context, restoration is consistent with the definition provided by Ebersole et al. (1997), who described stream restoration as the reexpression of habitat capacity in a stream system. At the reach scale, habitat capacity is affected by biotic (e.g., riparian vegetation) and physical (e.g., flooding) processes. Superimposed on the natural biotic and physical processes are anthropogenic stressors (e.g., logging, roads and grazing) that suppress habitat capacity and can result in simplified, degraded stream reaches. The effectiveness of habitat restoration, measured as an increase in native trout abundance, is dependent on reducing limiting factors (e.g., passage barriers, high water temperatures, sediment transport from source areas) in areas that are critical for spawning and rearing lifestages. This plan outlines a monitoring strategy to help determine the effectiveness of specific restoration/enhancement treatments and to track the status of trout populations in four target watersheds.

  11. Arrow Lakes Reservoir Fertilization Experiment, Technical Report 1999-2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schindler, E.

    2007-02-01

    The Arrow Lakes food web has been influenced by several anthropogenic stressors during the past 45 years. These include the introduction of mysid shrimp (Mysis relicta) in 1968 and 1974 and the construction of large hydroelectric impoundments in 1969, 1973 and 1983. The construction of the impoundments affected the fish stocks in Upper and Lower Arrow lakes in several ways. The construction of Hugh Keenleyside Dam (1969) resulted in flooding that eliminated an estimated 30% of the available kokanee spawning habitat in Lower Arrow tributaries and at least 20% of spawning habitat in Upper Arrow tributaries. The Mica Dam (1973) contributed to water level fluctuations and blocked upstream migration of all fish species including kokanee. The Revelstoke Dam (1983) flooded 150 km of the mainstem Columbia River and 80 km of tributary streams which were used by kokanee, bull trout, rainbow trout and other species. The construction of upstream dams also resulted in nutrient retention which ultimately reduced reservoir productivity. In Arrow Lakes Reservoir (ALR), nutrients settled out in the Revelstoke and Mica reservoirs, resulting in decreased productivity, a process known as oligotrophication. Kokanee are typically the first species to respond to oligotrophication resulting from aging impoundments. To address the ultra-oligotrophic status of ALR, a bottom-up approach was taken with the addition of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus in the form of liquid fertilizer from 1999 to 2004). Two of the main objectives of the experiment were to replace lost nutrients as a result of upstream impoundments and restore productivity in Upper Arrow and to restore kokanee and other sport fish abundance in the reservoir. The bottom-up approach to restoring kokanee in ALR has been successful by replacing nutrients lost as a result of upstream impoundments and has successfully restored the productivity of Upper Arrow. Primary production rates increased, the phytoplankton community responded with a shift in species and zooplankton biomass was more favorable for kokanee. With more productive lower trophic levels, the kokanee population increased in abundance and biomass, resulting in improved conditions for bull trout, one of ALR's piscivorous species.

  12. Evaluation of the Biological Effects of the Northwest Power Conservation Council's Mainstem Amendment on the Fisheries Upstream and Downstream of Libby Dam, Montana, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sylvester, Ryan; Stephens, Brian; Tohtz, Joel

    2009-04-03

    A new project began in 2005 to monitor the biological and physical effects of improved operations of Hungry Horse and Libby Dams, Montana, called for by the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC) Mainstem Amendment. This operating strategy was designed to benefit resident fish impacted by hydropower and flood control operations. Under the new operating guidelines, July through September reservoir drafts will be limited to 10 feet from full pool during the highest 80% of water supply years and 20 feet from full pool during the lowest 20% of water supply (drought) years. Limits were also established on how rapidly discharge from the dams can be increased or decreased depending on the season. The NPCC also directed the federal agencies that operate Libby and Hungry Horse Dams to implement a new flood control strategy (VARQ) and directed Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks to evaluate biological responses to this operating strategy. The Mainstem Amendment operating strategy has not been fully implemented at the Montana dams as of June 2008 but the strategy will be implemented in 2009. This report highlights the monitoring methods used to monitor the effects of the Mainstem Amendment operations on fishes, habitat, and aquatic invertebrates upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. We also present initial assessments of data and the effects of various operating strategies on physical and biological components of the systems upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. Annual electrofishing surveys in the Kootenai River and selected tributaries, along with gill net surveys in the reservoir, are being used to quantify the impacts of dam operations on fish populations upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. Scales and otoliths are being used to determine the age structure and growth of focal species. Annual population estimates and tagging experiments provide estimates of survival and growth in the mainstem Kootenai River and selected tributaries. Radio telemetry will be used to validate an existing Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) model developed for the Kootenai River and will also be used to assess the effect of changes in discharge on fish movements and habitat use downstream of Libby Dam. Passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags will be injected into rainbow, bull, and cutthroat trout throughout the mainstem Kootenai River and selected tributaries to provide information on growth, survival, and migration patterns in relation to abiotic and biotic variables. Model simulations (RIVBIO) are used to calculate the effects of dam operations on the wetted perimeter and benthic biomass in the Kootenai River below Libby Dam. Additional models (IFIM) will also be used to evaluate the impacts of dam operations on the amount of available habitat for different life stages of rainbow and bull trout in the Kootenai River.

  13. INITIAL ANALYSIS OF TRANSIENT POWER TIME LAG DUE TO HETEROGENEITY WITHIN THE TREAT FUEL MATRIX.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.M. Wachs; A.X. Zabriskie, W.R. Marcum

    2014-06-01

    The topic Nuclear Safety encompasses a broad spectrum of focal areas within the nuclear industry; one specific aspect centers on the performance and integrity of nuclear fuel during a reactivity insertion accident (RIA). This specific accident has proven to be fundamentally difficult to theoretically characterize due to the numerous empirically driven characteristics that quantify the fuel and reactor performance. The Transient Reactor Test (TREAT) facility was designed and operated to better understand fuel behavior under extreme (i.e. accident) conditions; it was shutdown in 1994. Recently, efforts have been underway to commission the TREAT facility to continue testing of advanced accident tolerant fuels (i.e. recently developed fuel concepts). To aid in the restart effort, new simulation tools are being used to investigate the behavior of nuclear fuels during facility’s transient events. This study focuses specifically on the characterizing modeled effects of fuel particles within the fuel matrix of the TREAT. The objective of this study was to (1) identify the impact of modeled heterogeneity within the fuel matrix during a transient event, and (2) demonstrate acceptable modeling processes for the purpose of TREAT safety analyses, specific to fuel matrix and particle size. Hypothetically, a fuel that is dominantly heterogeneous will demonstrate a clearly different temporal heating response to that of a modeled homogeneous fuel. This time difference is a result of the uniqueness of the thermal diffusivity within the fuel particle and fuel matrix. Using MOOSE/BISON to simulate the temperature time-lag effect of fuel particle diameter during a transient event, a comparison of the average graphite moderator temperature surrounding a spherical particle of fuel was made for both types of fuel simulations. This comparison showed that at a given time and with a specific fuel particle diameter, the fuel particle (heterogeneous) simulation and the homogeneous simulation were related by a multiplier relative to the average moderator temperature. As time increases the multiplier is comparable to the factor found in a previous analytical study from literature. The implementation of this multiplier and the method of analysis may be employed to remove assumptions and increase fidelity for future research on the effect of fuel particles during transient events.

  14. NEAMS update quarterly report for January - March 2012.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, K.S.; Hayes, S.; Pointer, D.; Summers, R.; Sadasivan, P.; Sun, X.; Bernholdt, D.; Miller, M.; Stewart, J.

    2012-05-10

    Quarterly highlights are: (1) The integration of Denovo and AMP was demonstrated in an AMP simulation of the thermo-mechanics of a complete fuel assembly; (2) Bison was enhanced with a mechanistic fuel cracking model; (3) Mechanistic algorithms were incorporated into various lower-length-scale models to represent fission gases and dislocations in UO2 fuels; (4) Marmot was improved to allow faster testing of mesoscale models using larger problem domains; (5) Component models of reactor piping were developed for use in Relap-7; (6) The mesh generator of Proteus was updated to accept a mesh specification from Moose and equations were formulated for the intermediate-fidelity Proteus-2D1D module; (7) A new pressure solver was implemented in Nek5000 and demonstrated to work 2.5 times faster than the previous solver; (8) Work continued on volume-holdup models for two fuel reprocessing operations: voloxidation and dissolution; (9) Progress was made on a pyroprocessing model and the characterization of pyroprocessing emission signatures; (10) A new 1D groundwater waste transport code was delivered to the used fuel disposition (UFD) campaign; (11) Efforts on waste form modeling included empirical simulation of sodium-borosilicate glass compositions; (12) The Waste team developed three prototypes for modeling hydride reorientation in fuel cladding during very long-term fuel storage; (13) A benchmark demonstration problem (fission gas bubble growth) was modeled to evaluate the capabilities of different meso-scale numerical methods; (14) Work continued on a hierarchical up-scaling framework to model structural materials by directly coupling dislocation dynamics and crystal plasticity; (15) New 'importance sampling' methods were developed and demonstrated to reduce the computational cost of rare-event inference; (16) The survey and evaluation of existing data and knowledge bases was updated for NE-KAMS; (17) The NEAMS Early User Program was launched; (18) The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Office of Regulatory Research was introduced to the NEAMS program; (19) The NEAMS overall software quality assurance plan (SQAP) was revised to version 1.5; and (20) Work continued on NiCE and its plug-ins and other utilities, such as Cubit and VisIt.

  15. Atomistic Simulations of Mass and Thermal Transport in Oxide Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersson, Anders D.; Uberuaga, Blas P.; Du, Shiyu; Liu, Xiang-Yang; Nerikar, Pankaj; Stanek, Christopher R.; Tonks, Michael; Millet, Paul; Biner, Bulent

    2012-06-04

    In this talk we discuss simulations of the mass and thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels. Redistribution of fission gases such as Xe is closely coupled to nuclear fuel performance. Most fission gases have low solubility in the fuel matrix, specifically the insolubility is most pronounced for large fission gas atoms such as Xe, and as a result there is a significant driving force for segregation of gas atoms to grain boundaries or dislocations and subsequently for nucleation of gas bubbles at these sinks. The first step of the fission gas redistribution is diffusion of individual gas atoms through the fuel matrix to existing sinks, which is governed by the activation energy for bulk diffusion. Fission gas bubbles are then formed by either separate nucleation events or by filling voids that were nucleated at a prior stage; in both cases their formation and latter growth is coupled to vacancy dynamics and thus linked to the production of vacancies via irradiation or thermal events. In order to better understand bulk Xe behavior (diffusion mechanisms) in UO{sub 2{+-}x} we first calculate the relevant activation energies using density functional theory (DFT) techniques. By analyzing a combination of Xe solution thermodynamics, migration barriers and the interaction of dissolved Xe atoms with U, we demonstrate that Xe diffusion predominantly occurs via a vacancy-mediated mechanism, though other alternatives may exist in high irradiation fields. Since Xe transport is closely related to diffusion of U vacancies, we have also studied the activation energy for this process. In order to explain the low value of 2.4 eV found for U migration from independent damage experiments (not thermal equilibrium) the presence of vacancy clusters must be included in the analysis. Next a continuum transport model for Xe and U is formulated based on the diffusion mechanisms established from DFT. After combining this model with descriptions of the interaction between Xe and grain boundaries derived from separate atomistic calculations, we simulate Xe redistribution for a few simple microstructures using finite element methods (FEM), as implemented in the MOOSE framework from Idaho National Laboratory. Thermal transport together with the power distribution determines the temperature distribution in the fuel rod and it is thus one of the most influential properties on nuclear fuel performance. The fuel thermal conductivity changes as function of time due to microstructure evolution (e.g. fission gas redistribution) and compositional changes. Using molecular dynamics simulations we have studied the impact of different types of grain boundaries and fission gas bubbles on UO{sub 2} thermal conductivity.

  16. John Day Fish Passage and Screening; 2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartlerode, Ray; Dabashinsky, Annette; Allen, Steve

    2003-01-28

    This project is necessary to insure that replacement of fish screening devices and fishways meet current NMFS design criteria for the protection of all salmonid life stages. The mission of the fish passage program in Northeast Oregon is to protect and enhance fish populations by assisting private landowners, public landowners, irrigation districts and others by maintaining fish screening devices and fishways. These facilities reduce or eliminate fish loss associated with irrigation withdrawals, and as a result insure fish populations are maintained for enjoyment by present and future generations. Assistance is provided through state and federal programs. This can range from basic technical advice to detailed construction, fabrication and maintenance of screening and passage facilities. John Day screens personnel identified 50 sites for fish screen replacement, and one fish passage project. These sites are located in critical spawning, rearing and migration areas for spring chinook, summer steelhead and bull trout. All projects were designed and implemented to meet current NMFS criteria. It is necessary to have a large number of sites identified due to changes in weather, landowner cooperation and access issues that come up as we try and implement our goal of 21 completed projects.

  17. Electromigration dispersion in a capillary in the presence of electro-osmotic flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Ghosal; Z. Chen

    2012-03-08

    The differential migration of ions in an applied electric field is the basis for separation of chemical species by capillary electrophoresis. Axial diffusion of the concentration peak limits the separation efficiency. Electromigration dispersion is observed when the concentration of sample ions is comparable to that of the background ions. Under such conditions, the local electrical conductivity is significantly altered in the sample zone making the electric field, and therefore, the ion migration velocity concentration dependent. The resulting nonlinear wave exhibits shock like features, and, under certain simplifying assumptions, is described by Burgers' equation (S. Ghosal and Z. Chen Bull. Math. Biol. 2010, vol.72, pg. 2047).In this paper, we consider the more general situation where the walls of the separation channel may have a non-zero zeta potential and are therefore able to sustain an electro-osmotic bulk flow. The main result is a one dimensional nonlinear advection diffusion equation for the area averaged concentration. This homogenized equation accounts for the Taylor-Aris dispersion resulting from the variation in the electro-osmotic slip velocity along the wall. It is shown that in a certain range of parameters, the electro-osmotic flow can actually reduce the total dispersion by delaying the formation of a concentration shock. However, if the electro-osmotic flow is sufficiently high, the total dispersion is increased because of the Taylor-Aris contribution.

  18. Kootenai River Resident Fish Assessment, FY2008 KTOI Progress Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holderman, Charles

    2009-06-26

    The overarching goal of project 1994-049-00 is to recover a productive, healthy and biologically diverse Kootenai River ecosystem, with emphasis on native fish species rehabilitation. It is especially designed to aid the recovery of important fish stocks, i.e. white sturgeon, burbot, bull trout, kokanee and several other salmonids important to the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho and regional sport-fisheries. The objectives of the project have been to address factors limiting key fish species within an ecosystem perspective. Major objectives include: establishment of a comprehensive and thorough biomonitoring program, investigate ecosystem--level in-river productivity, test the feasibility of a large-scale Kootenai River nutrient addition experiment (completed), to evaluate and rehabilitate key Kootenai River tributaries important to the health of the lower Kootenai River ecosystem, to provide funding for Canadian implementation of nutrient addition and monitoring in the Kootenai River ecosystem (Kootenay Lake) due to lost system productivity created by construction and operation of Libby Dam, mitigate the cost of monitoring nutrient additions in Arrow Lakes due to lost system productivity created by the Libby-Arrow water swap, provide written summaries of all research and activities of the project, and, hold a yearly workshop to convene with other agencies and institutions to discuss management, research, and monitoring strategies for this project and to provide a forum to coordinate and disseminate data with other projects involved in the Kootenai River basin.

  19. Assessment of Salmonids and their Habitat Conditions in the Walla Walla River Basin of Washington : 2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendel, Glen Wesley; Karl, David; Coyle, Terrence

    2001-11-01

    Concerns about the decline of native salmon and trout populations have increased among natural resource managers and the public in recent years. As a result, a multitude of initiatives have been implemented at the local, state, and federal government levels. These initiatives include management plans and actions intended to protect and restore salmonid fishes and their habitats. In 1998 bull trout were listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), as ''Threatened'', for the Walla Walla River and its tributaries. Steelhead were listed as ''Threatened'' in 1999 for the mid-Columbia River and its tributaries. These ESA listings emphasize the need for information about the threatened salmonid populations and their habitats. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is entrusted with ''the preservation, protection, and perpetuation of fish and wildlife....[and to] maximize public recreational or commercial opportunities without impairing the supply of fish and wildlife (WAC 77. 12.010).'' In consideration of this mandate, the WDFW submitted a proposal in December 1997 to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for a study to assess salmonid distribution, relative abundance, genetics, and the condition of their habitats in the Walla Walla River basin. The primary purposes of this project are to collect baseline biological and habitat data, to identify major data gaps, and to draw conclusions whenever possible. The study reported herein details the findings of the 2000 field season (March to November, 2000).

  20. How loads affect coiled tubing life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, E.J. Inc., AK )

    1992-01-01

    Fatigue testing was performed on 1-3/4-in OD, 0.125 in. wall thickness (WT) coiled tubing using a standard coiled tubing unit (CTU) as shown in this paper. Testing was conducted under Prudhoe Bay, Alaska oil well, conditions to determine the effects of axial load, internal pressure and bending stress on the longevity, or usable running footage, that can be expected with larger diameter tubing. The CTU was rigged up in a standard configuration with injector head 50 ft off the ground, the worst case for bending on most currently available North Slope units. Internal pressure was supplied by a small triplex pump and the end of tubing was closed off with a fishing neck and bull plug. Weight, for the first four tests, was suspended from the coiled tubing by a special clamp. The tubing was cycled up and over the guide arch until a loss of internal coiled tubing pressure (CTP) occurred, or until the tubing became stuck in the stripper brass.

  1. Forecasting stock market returns over multiple time horizons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroujiline, Dimitri; Ushanov, Dmitry; Sharov, Sergey V; Govorkov, Boris

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we seek to demonstrate the predictability of stock market returns and explain the nature of this return predictability. To this end, we further develop the news-driven analytic model of the stock market derived in Gusev et al. (2015). This enables us to capture market dynamics at various timescales and shed light on mechanisms underlying certain market behaviors such as transitions between bull- and bear markets and the self-similar behavior of price changes. We investigate the model and show that the market is nearly efficient on timescales shorter than one day, adjusting quickly to incoming news, but is inefficient on longer timescales, where news may have a long-lasting nonlinear impact on dynamics attributable to a feedback mechanism acting over these horizons. Using the model, we design the prototypes of algorithmic strategies that utilize news flow, quantified and measured, as the only input to trade on market return forecasts over multiple horizons, from days to months. The backtested res...

  2. Lower Flathead System Fisheries Study, 1986 Interim Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradshaw, William H.; DosSantos, Joseph M.; Darling, James M.

    1986-08-01

    We believe our results have clearly shown Kerr hydroelectric operations and operational constraints have negatively affected Flathead River trout and northern pike populations and the aquatic habitat which support them. Even so, it is possible to mitigate many of these impacts and develop a very important fishery. Trout abundance in the lower Flathead averaged only 19 fish per kilometer, the lowest abundance of trout for a river of this size in Montana. Little main channel spawning by trout was observed and most spawning probably occurs in tributaries. Lower river tributaries support resident populations of brook, rainbow, brown, and cutthroat trout; and a small resident population of bull trout is present in the South Fork of the Jocko River. Using weirs, spawning runs of rainbow and brown trout from the main river were monitored entering the Jocko River and the Post/Mission Creek system. Utilization of Crow Creek by main river trout stocks of trout was limited to the 6 km segment below Crow Dam. Evaluations of tributary spawning gravels showed high levels of silt which would suggest poor survival of trout eggs. Excessive harvest in the tributaries was indicated by analysis of age class structure and abundance of trout greater than 200 mm.

  3. Assessment of Salmonids and Their Habitat Conditions in the Walla Walla River Basin within Washington, Annual Report 2002-2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendel, Glen; Trump, Jeremy; Gembala, Mike

    2003-09-01

    This study began in 1998 to assess salmonid distribution, relative abundance, genetics, and the condition of salmonid habitats in the Walla Walla River basin. Stream flows in the Walla Walla Basin continue to show a general trend that begins with a sharp decline in discharge in late June, followed by low summer flows and then an increase in discharge in fall and winter. Manual stream flow measurements at Pepper bridge showed an increase in 2002 of 110-185% from July-September, over flows from 2001. This increase is apparently associated with a 2000 settlement agreement between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the irrigation districts to leave minimum flows in the river. Stream temperatures in the Walla Walla basin were similar to those in 2001. Upper montane tributaries maintained maximum summer temperatures below 65 F, while sites in mid and lower Touchet and Walla Walla rivers frequently had daily maximum temperatures well above 68 F (high enough to inhibit migration in adult and juvenile salmonids, and to sharply reduce survival of their embryos and fry). These high temperatures are possibly the most critical physiological barrier to salmonids in the Walla Walla basin, but other factors (available water, turbidity or sediment deposition, cover, lack of pools, etc.) also play a part in salmonid survival, migration, and breeding success. The increased flows in the Walla Walla, due to the 2000 settlement agreement, have not shown consistent improvements to stream temperatures. Rainbow/steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) trout represent the most common salmonid in the basin. Densities of Rainbow/steelhead in the Walla Walla River from the Washington/Oregon stateline to Mojonnier Rd. dropped slightly from 2001, but are still considerably higher than before the 2000 settlement agreement. Other salmonids including; bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus), chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni), and brown trout (Salmo trutta) had low densities, and limited distribution throughout the basin. A large return of adult spring chinook to the Touchet River drainage in 2001 produced higher densities of juvenile chinook in 2002 than have been seen in recent years, especially in the Wolf Fork. The adult return in 2002 was substantially less than what was seen in 2001. Due to poor water conditions and trouble getting personnel hired, spawning surveys were limited in 2002. Surveyors found only one redd in four Walla Walla River tributaries (Cottonwood Ck., East Little Walla Walla, West Little Walla Walla, and Mill Ck.), and 59 redds in Touchet River tributaries (10 in the North Fork Touchet, 30 in the South Fork Touchet, and 19 in the Wolf Fork). Bull trout spawning surveys in the upper Touchet River tributaries found a total of 125 redds and 150 live fish (92 redds and 75 fish in the Wolf Fork, 2 redds and 1 fish in the Burnt Fork, 0 redds and 1 fish in the South Fork Touchet, 29 redds and 71 fish in the North Fork Touchet, and 2 redds and 2 fish in Lewis Ck.). A preliminary steelhead genetics analysis was completed as part of this project. Results indicate differences between naturally produced steelhead and those produced in the hatchery. There were also apparent genetic differences among the naturally produced fish from different areas of the basin. Detailed results are reported in Bumgarner et al. 2003. Recommendations for assessment activities in 2003 included: (1) continue to monitor the Walla Walla River (focusing from the stateline to McDonald Rd.), the Mill Ck system, and the Little Walla Walla System. (2) reevaluate Whiskey Ck. for abundance and distribution of salmonids, and Lewis Ck. for bull trout density and distribution. (3) select or develop a habitat survey protocol and begin to conduct habitat inventory and assessment surveys. (4) summarize bull trout data for Mill Ck, South Fork Touchet, and Lewis Ck. (5) begin to evaluate temperature and flow data to assess if the habitat conditions exist for spring chinook in the Touchet River.

  4. Habitat Projects Completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, 1999 Completion Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Bradley J.

    2000-01-01

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington in WRIA 35. According to WDFW's Priority WRIA's by At-Risk Stock Significance Map, it is the highest priority in southeastern WA. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred seventy-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1999. Twenty of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1999 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; thirty-eight were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as vegetative plantings (17,000 trees and shrubs) and noxious weed control. Two sediment basin constructions, 67 acres of grass seeding, and seven hundred forty-five acres of minimum till were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed.

  5. Assessment of Salmonids and their Habitat Conditions in the Walla Walla River Basin within Washington, 2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendel, Glen Wesley; Trump, Jeremy; Karl, David

    2002-12-01

    Concerns about the decline of native salmon and trout populations have increased among natural resource managers and the public in recent years. As a result, a multitude of initiatives have been implemented at the local, state, and federal government levels. These initiatives include management plans and actions intended to protect and restore salmonid fishes and their habitats. In 1998 bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) were listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), as ''Threatened'', for the Walla Walla River and its tributaries. Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were listed as ''Threatened'' in 1999 for the mid-Columbia River and its tributaries. These ESA listings emphasize the need for information about these threatened salmonid populations and their habitats. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is entrusted with ''the preservation, protection, and perpetuation of fish and wildlife....[and to] maximize public recreational or commercial opportunities without impairing the supply of fish and wildlife (WAC 77.12.010).'' In consideration of this mandate, the WDFW submitted a proposal in December 1997 to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for a study to assess salmonid distribution, relative abundance, genetics, and the condition of salmonid habitats in the Walla Walla River basin. The primary purposes of this project are to collect baseline biological and habitat data, to identify major data gaps, and to draw conclusions whenever possible. The study reported herein details the findings of the 2001 field season (March to November, 2001).

  6. Habitat Projects Completed within the Asotin Creek Watershed, 1998 Completion Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Bradley J.

    1999-11-01

    The Asotin Creek Model Watershed Program (ACMWP) is the primary entity coordinating habitat projects on both private and public lands within the Asotin Creek watershed. The Asotin Creek watershed covers approximately 325 square miles in the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington. Snake River spring chinook salmon, summer steelhead and bull trout, which are listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), are present in the watershed. The ACMWP began coordinating habitat projects in 1995. Approximately two hundred forty-six projects have been implemented through the ACMWP as of 1998. Fifty-nine of these projects were funded in part through Bonneville Power Administration's 1998 Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. These projects used a variety of methods to enhance and protect watershed conditions. In-stream work for fish habitat included construction of hard structures (e.g. vortex rock weirs), meander reconstruction, placement of large woody debris (LWD) and whole trees and improvements to off-channel rearing habitat; one hundred thirty-nine pools were created with these structures. Three miles of stream benefited from riparian improvements such as fencing, vegetative plantings, and noxious weed control. Two alternative water developments were completed, providing off-stream-watering sources for livestock. 20,500 ft of upland terrace construction, seven sediment basin construction, one hundred eighty-seven acres of grass seeding, eight hundred fifty acres of direct seeding and eighteen sediment basin cleanouts were implemented to reduce sediment production and delivery to streams in the watershed.

  7. Dworshak Dam Impacts Assessment and Fisheries Investigation, 1991-1992 Progress Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiolie, Melo; Elam, Steve

    1993-11-01

    Lake Pend Oreille, 38,000 hectares, is Idaho`s largest natural lake. Fisheries for kokanee Onchorynchus nerka, rainbow trout Onchorynchus mykiss, and bull trout Salvelinus confluentus have gone through major declines over the last 40 years. To date, the decline in kokanee abundance has not been fully explained. Water level management may be the single largest contributing factor to this decline. Two aspects of water level management appear critical. Dropping water level once kokanee spawning has occurred wall correlated with poor fishery harvest five years later (r = -0.71) (alpha = 0.005). Secondly, dropping the water level more than 2 m immediately before spawning leaves wave-washed gravel high on the bank and forces kokanee to spawn in low quality substrates, which again reduces survival. Changes in water level management coincided with the sharp declines in the kokanee fishery during the 1960s. Although the water level has been stabilized once spawning has occurred, the deep drawdowns resulting in poor spawning substrates continues to cause problems for the kokanee population. Recognizing the importance of these two factors gives hope that changes in water management can reverse the 30-year trend of declining kokanee populations before they are lost from the system. The authors recommend an experimental test of higher winter lake elevation for several years to document potential changes in kokanee abundance.

  8. Multi-chord fiber-coupled interferometry of supersonic plasma jets andcomparisons with synthetic data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merritt, Elizabeth C.; Lynn, Alan G.; Gilmore, Mark A.; Thoma, Carsten; Loverich, John; Hsu, Scott C.

    2012-05-03

    A multi-chord fiber-coupled interferometer [Merritt et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 033506 (2012)] is being used to make time-resolved density measurements of supersonic argon plasma jets on the Plasma Liner Experiment [Hsu et al., Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc. 56, 307 (2011)]. The long coherence length of the laser (> 10 m) allows signal and reference path lengths to be mismatched by many meters without signal degradation, making for a greatly simplified optical layout. Measured interferometry phase shifts are consistent with a partially ionized plasma in which an initially positive phase shift becomes negative when the ionization fraction drops below a certain threshold. In this case, both free electrons and bound electrons in ions and neutral atoms contribute to the index of refraction. This paper illustrates how the interferometry data, aided by numerical modeling, are used to derive total jet density, jet propagation velocity ({approx} 15-50 km/s), jet length ({approx} 20-100 cm), and 3D expansion.

  9. Cathode materials review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, Claus Mohanty, Debasish Li, Jianlin Wood, David L.

    2014-06-16

    The electrochemical potential of cathode materials defines the positive side of the terminal voltage of a battery. Traditionally, cathode materials are the energy-limiting or voltage-limiting electrode. One of the first electrochemical batteries, the voltaic pile invented by Alessandro Volta in 1800 (Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 90, 403-431) had a copper-zinc galvanic element with a terminal voltage of 0.76 V. Since then, the research community has increased capacity and voltage for primary (nonrechargeable) batteries and round-trip efficiency for secondary (rechargeable) batteries. Successful secondary batteries have been the lead-acid with a lead oxide cathode and a terminal voltage of 2.1 V and later the NiCd with a nickel(III) oxide-hydroxide cathode and a 1.2 V terminal voltage. The relatively low voltage of those aqueous systems and the low round-trip efficiency due to activation energies in the conversion reactions limited their use. In 1976, Wittingham (J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 315) and Besenhard (J. Power Sources 1(3), 267) finally enabled highly reversible redox reactions by intercalation of lithium ions instead of by chemical conversion. In 1980, Goodenough and Mizushima (Mater. Res. Bull. 15, 783-789) demonstrated a high-energy and high-power LiCoO{sub 2} cathode, allowing for an increase of terminal voltage far beyond 3 V. Over the past four decades, the international research community has further developed cathode materials of many varieties. Current state-of-the-art cathodes demonstrate voltages beyond any known electrolyte stability window, bringing electrolyte research once again to the forefront of battery research.

  10. 2013 Estorm - Invited Paper - Cathode Materials Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, Claus; Mohanty, Debasish; Li, Jianlin; Wood III, David L

    2014-01-01

    The electrochemical potential of cathode materials defines the positive side of the terminal voltage of a battery. Traditionally, cathode materials are the energy-limiting or voltage-limiting electrode. One of the first electrochemical batteries, the voltaic pile invented by Alessandro Volta in 1800 (Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. 90, 403 431) had a copper-zinc galvanic element with a terminal voltage of 0.76 V. Since then, the research community has increased capacity and voltage for primary (nonrechargeable) batteries and round-trip efficiency for secondary (rechargeable) batteries. Successful secondary batteries have been the lead acid with a lead oxide cathode and a terminal voltage of 2.1 V and later the NiCd with a nickel(III) oxide hydroxide cathode and a 1.2 V terminal voltage. The relatively low voltage of those aqueous systems and the low round-trip efficiency due to activation energies in the conversion reactions limited their use. In 1976, Wittingham (J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 315) and Besenhard (J Power Sources 1(3), 267) finally enabled highly reversible redox reactions by intercalation of lithium ions instead of by chemical conversion. In 1980, Goodenough and Mizushima (Mater. Res. Bull. 15, 783 789) demonstrated a high-energy and high-power LiCoO2 cathode, allowing for an increase of terminal voltage far beyond 3 V. Over the past four decades, the international research community has further developed cathode materials of many varieties. Current state-of-the-art cathodes demonstrate voltages beyond any known electrolyte stability window, bringing electrolyte research once again to the forefront of battery research.

  11. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Grizzly Year-End Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benjamin Spencer; Yongfeng Zhang; Pritam Chakraborty; S. Bulent Biner; Marie Backman; Brian Wirth; Stephen Novascone; Jason Hales

    2013-09-01

    The Grizzly software application is being developed under the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program to address aging and material degradation issues that could potentially become an obstacle to life extension of nuclear power plants beyond 60 years of operation. Grizzly is based on INL’s MOOSE multiphysics simulation environment, and can simultaneously solve a variety of tightly coupled physics equations, and is thus a very powerful and flexible tool with a wide range of potential applications. Grizzly, the development of which was begun during fiscal year (FY) 2012, is intended to address degradation in a variety of critical structures. The reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was chosen for an initial application of this software. Because it fulfills the critical roles of housing the reactor core and providing a barrier to the release of coolant, the RPV is clearly one of the most safety-critical components of a nuclear power plant. In addition, because of its cost, size and location in the plant, replacement of this component would be prohibitively expensive, so failure of the RPV to meet acceptance criteria would likely result in the shutting down of a nuclear power plant. The current practice used to perform engineering evaluations of the susceptibility of RPVs to fracture is to use the ASME Master Fracture Toughness Curve (ASME Code Case N-631 Section III). This is used in conjunction with empirically based models that describe the evolution of this curve due to embrittlement in terms of a transition temperature shift. These models are based on an extensive database of surveillance coupons that have been irradiated in operating nuclear power plants, but this data is limited to the lifetime of the current reactor fleet. This is an important limitation when considering life extension beyond 60 years. The currently available data cannot be extrapolated with confidence further out in time because there is a potential for additional damage mechanisms (i.e. late blooming phases) to become active later in life beyond the current operational experience. To develop a tool that can eventually serve a role in decision-making, it is clear that research and development must be perfomed at multiple scales. At the engineering scale, a multiphysics analysis code that can capture the thermomechanical response of the RPV under accident conditions, including detailed fracture mechanics evaluations of flaws with arbitrary geometry and orientation, is needed to assess whether the fracture toughness, as defined by the master curve, including the effects of embrittlement, is exceeded. At the atomistic scale, the fundamental mechanisms of degradation need to be understood, including the effects of that degradation on the relevant material properties. In addition, there is a need to better understand the mechanisms leading to the transition from ductile to brittle fracture through improved continuum mechanics modeling at the fracture coupon scale. Work is currently being conducted at all of these levels with the goal of creating a usable engineering tool informed by lower length-scale modeling. This report summarizes progress made in these efforts during FY 2013.

  12. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2005-2006 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn

    2006-05-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  13. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn

    2006-06-26

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  14. 3D Model of the Tuscarora Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    The Tuscarora geothermal system sits within a ~15 km wide left-step in a major west-dipping range-bounding normal fault system. The step over is defined by the Independence Mountains fault zone and the Bull Runs Mountains fault zone which overlap along strike. Strain is transferred between these major fault segments via and array of northerly striking normal faults with offsets of 10s to 100s of meters and strike lengths of less than 5 km. These faults within the step over are one to two orders of magnitude smaller than the range-bounding fault zones between which they reside. Faults within the broad step define an anticlinal accommodation zone wherein east-dipping faults mainly occupy western half of the accommodation zone and west-dipping faults lie in the eastern half of the accommodation zone. The 3D model of Tuscarora encompasses 70 small-offset normal faults that define the accommodation zone and a portion of the Independence Mountains fault zone, which dips beneath the geothermal field. The geothermal system resides in the axial part of the accommodation, straddling the two fault dip domains. The Tuscarora 3D geologic model consists of 10 stratigraphic units. Unconsolidated Quaternary alluvium has eroded down into bedrock units, the youngest and stratigraphically highest bedrock units are middle Miocene rhyolite and dacite flows regionally correlated with the Jarbidge Rhyolite and modeled with uniform cumulative thickness of ~350 m. Underlying these lava flows are Eocene volcanic rocks of the Big Cottonwood Canyon caldera. These units are modeled as intracaldera deposits, including domes, flows, and thick ash deposits that change in thickness and locally pinch out. The Paleozoic basement of consists metasedimenary and metavolcanic rocks, dominated by argillite, siltstone, limestone, quartzite, and metabasalt of the Schoonover and Snow Canyon Formations. Paleozoic formations are lumped in a single basement unit in the model. Fault blocks in the eastern portion of the model are tilted 5-30 degrees toward the Independence Mountains fault zone. Fault blocks in the western portion of the model are tilted toward steeply east-dipping normal faults. These opposing fault block dips define a shallow extensional anticline. Geothermal production is from 4 closely-spaced wells, that exploit a west-dipping, NNE-striking fault zone near the axial part of the accommodation zone.

  15. 3D Model of the Tuscarora Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31

    The Tuscarora geothermal system sits within a ~15 km wide left-step in a major west-dipping range-bounding normal fault system. The step over is defined by the Independence Mountains fault zone and the Bull Runs Mountains fault zone which overlap along strike. Strain is transferred between these major fault segments via and array of northerly striking normal faults with offsets of 10s to 100s of meters and strike lengths of less than 5 km. These faults within the step over are one to two orders of magnitude smaller than the range-bounding fault zones between which they reside. Faults within the broad step define an anticlinal accommodation zone wherein east-dipping faults mainly occupy western half of the accommodation zone and west-dipping faults lie in the eastern half of the accommodation zone. The 3D model of Tuscarora encompasses 70 small-offset normal faults that define the accommodation zone and a portion of the Independence Mountains fault zone, which dips beneath the geothermal field. The geothermal system resides in the axial part of the accommodation, straddling the two fault dip domains. The Tuscarora 3D geologic model consists of 10 stratigraphic units. Unconsolidated Quaternary alluvium has eroded down into bedrock units, the youngest and stratigraphically highest bedrock units are middle Miocene rhyolite and dacite flows regionally correlated with the Jarbidge Rhyolite and modeled with uniform cumulative thickness of ~350 m. Underlying these lava flows are Eocene volcanic rocks of the Big Cottonwood Canyon caldera. These units are modeled as intracaldera deposits, including domes, flows, and thick ash deposits that change in thickness and locally pinch out. The Paleozoic basement of consists metasedimenary and metavolcanic rocks, dominated by argillite, siltstone, limestone, quartzite, and metabasalt of the Schoonover and Snow Canyon Formations. Paleozoic formations are lumped in a single basement unit in the model. Fault blocks in the eastern portion of the model are tilted 5-30 degrees toward the Independence Mountains fault zone. Fault blocks in the western portion of the model are tilted toward steeply east-dipping normal faults. These opposing fault block dips define a shallow extensional anticline. Geothermal production is from 4 closely-spaced wells, that exploit a west-dipping, NNE-striking fault zone near the axial part of the accommodation zone.

  16. Entiat 4Mile WELLs Completion Report, 2006.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malinowksi, Richard

    2007-01-01

    The Entiat 4-mile Wells (Entiat 4-mile) project is located in the Entiat subbasin and will benefit Upper Columbia steelhead, spring Chinook and bull trout. The goal of this project is to prevent juvenile fish from being diverted into an out-of-stream irrigation system and to eliminate impacts due to the annual maintenance of an instream pushup dam. The objectives include eliminating a surface irrigation diversion and replacing it with two wells, which will provide Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) with a Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) BiOp metric credit of one. Wells were chosen over a new fish screen based on biological benefits and costs. Long-term biological benefits are provided by completely eliminating the surface diversion and the potential for fish entrainment in a fish screen. Construction costs for a new fish screen were estimated at $150,000, which does not include other costs associated with implementing and maintaining a fish screening project. Construction costs for a well were estimated at $20,000 each. The diversion consisted of a pushup dam that diverted water into an off-channel pond. Water was then pumped into a pressurized system for irrigation. There are 3 different irrigators who used water from this surface diversion, and each has multiple water right claims totaling approximately 5 cfs. Current use was estimated at 300 gallons per minute (approximately 0.641 cfs). Some irrigated acreage was taken out of orchard production less than 5 years ago. Therefore, approximately 6.8 acre-feet will be put into the State of Washington Trust Water Right program. No water will be set aside for conservation savings. The construction of the two irrigation wells for three landowners was completed in September 2006. The Lower Well (Tippen/Wick) will produce up to 175 gpm while the Upper Well (Griffith) will produce up to 275 gpm during the irrigation season. The eight inch diameter wells were developed to a depth of 75 feet and 85 feet, respectively, and will be pumped with Submersible Turbine pumps. The irrigation wells have been fitted with new electric boxes and Siemens flowmeters (MAG8000).

  17. Lake Pend Oreille Predation Research, Annual Report 2002-2003.

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    Bassista, Thomas

    2004-02-01

    During August 2002 we conducted a hydroacoustic survey to enumerate pelagic fish >406 mm in Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho. The purpose of this survey was to determine a collective lakewide biomass estimate of pelagic bull trout Salvelinus confluentus, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, and lake trout S. namaycush and compare it to pelagic prey (kokanee salmon O. nerka) biomass. By developing hydroacoustic techniques to determine the pelagic predator to prey ratio, we can annually monitor their balance. Hydroacoustic surveys were also performed during December 2002 and February 2003 to investigate the effectiveness of autumn and winter surveys for pelagic predators. The inherent problem associated with hydroacoustic sampling is the inability to directly identify fish species. Therefore, we utilized sonic tracking techniques to describe rainbow trout and lake trout habitat use during our winter hydroacoustic survey to help identify fish targets from the hydroacoustic echograms. During August 2002 we estimated there were 39,044 pelagic fish >406 mm in Lake Pend Oreille (1.84 f/ha). Based on temperature and depth utilization, two distinct groups of pelagic fish >406 mm were located during August; one group was located between 10 and 35 m and the other between 40 and 70 m. The biomass for pelagic fish >406 mm during August 2002 was 73 t (metric ton). This would account for a ratio of 1 kg of pelagic predator for every 2.63 kg of kokanee prey, assuming all pelagic fish >406 mm are predators. During our late fall and winter hydroacoustic surveys, pelagic fish >406 mm were observed at lake depths between 20 and 90 m. During late fall and winter, we tracked three rainbow trout (168 habitat observations) and found that they mostly occupied pelagic areas and predominantly stayed within the top 10 m of the water column. During late fall (one lake trout) and winter (four lake trout), we found that lake trout (184 habitat observations) utilized benthic-nearshore areas 65% of the time and were found in the pelagic area only 35% of the time. Lake trout were found at depths between 10 and 90 m (average was approximately 30 m). Based on hydroacoustic surveys of pelagic fish >406 mm and habitat use of sonic tagged rainbow trout and lake trout during late fall and winter, we conclude that hydroacoustic sampling during those times would be ineffective at acquiring an accurate pelagic predator population estimate and recommend conducting abundance estimates for pelagic predators when Lake Pend Oreille is thermally stratified (i.e. August).

  18. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2003-2004 Annual Report.

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    DuCharme, Lynn

    2004-06-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  19. Yakima Habitat Improvement Project Master Plan, Technical Report 2003.

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    Golder Associates, Inc.

    2003-04-22

    The Yakima Urban Growth Area (UGA) is a developing and growing urban area in south-central Washington. Despite increased development, the Yakima River and its tributaries within the UGA continue to support threatened populations of summer steelhead and bull trout as well as a variety of non-listed salmonid species. In order to provide for the maintenance and recovery of these species, while successfully planning for the continued growth and development within the UGA, the City of Yakima has undertaken the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project. The overall goal of the project is to maintain, preserve, and restore functioning fish and wildlife habitat within and immediately surrounding the Yakima UGA over the long term. Acquisition and protection of the fish and wildlife habitat associated with key properties in the UGA will prevent future subdivision along riparian corridors, reduce further degradation or removal of riparian habitat, and maintain or enhance the long term condition of aquatic habitat. By placing these properties in long-term protection, the threat of development from continued growth in the urban area will be removed. To most effectively implement the multi-year habitat acquisition and protection effort, the City has developed this Master Plan. The Master Plan provides the structure and guidance for future habitat acquisition and restoration activities to be performed within the Yakima Urban Area. The development of this Master Plan also supports several Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives (RPAs) of the NOAA Fisheries 2000 Biological Opinion (BiOp), as well as the Water Investment Action Agenda for the Yakima Basin, local planning efforts, and the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority's 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program. This Master Plan also provides the framework for coordination of the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project with other fish and wildlife habitat acquisition and protection activities currently being implemented in the area. As a result of the planning effort leading to this Master Plan, a Technical Working Group (TWG) was established that represents most, if not all, fish and wildlife agencies/interests in the subbasin. This TWG met regularly throughout the planning process to provide input and review and was instrumental in the development of this plan. Preparation of this plan included the development of a quantitative prioritization process to rank 40,000 parcels within the Urban Growth Area based on the value of fish and wildlife habitat each parcel provided. Biological and physical criteria were developed and applied to all parcels through a GIS-based prioritization model. In the second-phase of the prioritization process, the TWG provided local expert knowledge and review of the properties. In selecting the most critical areas within the Urban Growth Area for protection, this project assessed the value of fish and wildlife habitat on the Yakima River. Well-developed habitat acquisition efforts (e.g., Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Project by the Bureau of Reclamation and Yakama Nation acquisition projects) are already underway on the Yakima River mainstem. These efforts, however, face several limitations in protection of floodplain function that could be addressed through the support of the Yakima Habitat Improvement Project. This Master Plan integrates tributary habitat acquisition efforts with those ongoing on the Yakima River to best benefit fish and wildlife in the Urban Growth Area. The parcel ranking process identified 25 properties with the highest fish and wildlife value for habitat acquisition in the Yakima Urban Area. These parcels contain important fish and wildlife corridors on Ahtanum and Wide Hollow Creeks and the Naches River. The fifteen highest-ranking parcels of the 25 parcels identified were considered very high priority for protection of fish and wildlife habitat. These 15 parcels were subsequently grouped into four priority acquisition areas. This Master Plan outlines a four-year schedule for acquisition, protection, and restoration of the 25 highest ranked prop

  20. A Multiple Watershed Approach to Assessing the Effects of Habitat Restoration Actions on Anadromous and Resident Fish Populations, Technical Report 2003-2004.

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    Marmorek, David

    2004-03-01

    Habitat protection and restoration is a cornerstone of current strategies to restore ecosystems, recover endangered fish species, and rebuild fish stocks within the Columbia River Basin. Strategies featuring habitat restoration include the 2000 Biological Opinion on operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS BiOp) developed by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), the 2000 Biological Opinion on Bull Trout developed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and Sub-Basin Plans developed under the Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NWPCC). There is however little quantitative information about the effectiveness of different habitat restoration techniques. Such information is crucial for helping scientists and program managers allocate limited funds towards the greatest benefits for fish populations. Therefore, it is critical to systematically test the hypotheses underlying habitat restoration actions for both anadromous and resident fish populations. This pilot project was developed through a proposal to the Innovative Projects fund of the NWPCC (ESSA 2002). It was funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) following reviews by the Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP 2002), the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA 2002), the NWPCC and BPA. The study was designed to respond directly to the above described needs for information on the effectiveness of habitat restoration actions, including legal measures specified in the 2000 FCRPS BiOp (RPA 183, pg. 9-133, NMFS 2000). Due to the urgency of addressing these measures, the timeline of the project was accelerated from a duration of 18 months to 14 months. The purpose of this pilot project was to explore methods for evaluating past habitat restoration actions and their effects on fish populations. By doing so, the project will provide a foundation of retrospective analyses, on which to build prospective, multi-watershed designs for future habitat restoration actions. Such designs are being developed concurrently with this project by several other groups in the Columbia Basin (RME Workgroup 2003, NMFS 2003, Hillman and Paulsen 2002, Hillman 2003). By addressing questions about habitat restoration and monitoring (in coordination with other related efforts), we hope that this project will catalyze a shift in the Basin's paradigm of habitat restoration, moving from implementation of individual watershed projects towards rigorously designed and monitored, multiwatershed, adaptive management experiments. The project involved three phases of work, which were closely integrated with various related and ongoing efforts in the region: (1) Scoping - We met with a Core Group of habitat experts and managers to scope out a set of testable habitat restoration hypotheses, identify candidate watersheds and recommend participants for a data evaluation workshop. (2) Data Assembly - We contacted over 80 scientists and managers to help evaluate the suitability of each candidate watershed's historical data for assessing the effectiveness of past restoration actions. We eventually settled on the Yakima, Wenatchee, Clearwater, and Salmon subbasins, and began gathering relevant data for these watersheds at a workshop with habitat experts and managers. Data assembly continued for several months after the workshop. (3) Data Analysis and Synthesis - We explored statistical approaches towards retrospectively analyzing the effects of restoration 'treatments' at nested spatial scales across multiple watersheds (Chapters 2-5 of this report). These analyses provided a foundation for identifying existing constraints to testing restoration hypotheses, and opportunities to overcome these constraints through improved experimental designs, monitoring protocols and project selection strategies (Chapters 6 and 7 of this report). Finally, we developed a set of recommendations to improve the design, implementation, and monitoring of prospective habitat restoration programs in the Columbia River Basin (Chapter 8).

  1. Collaborative Systemwide Monitoring and Evaluation Project (CSMEP) - Year 5 : Annual Report for FY 2008.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marmorek, David R.; Porter, Marc; Pickard, Darcy; Wieckowski, Katherine

    2008-11-19

    The Collaborative Systemwide Monitoring and Evaluation Project (CSMEP) is a coordinated effort to improve the quality, consistency, and focus of fish population and habitat data to answer key monitoring and evaluation questions relevant to major decisions in the Columbia River Basin. CSMEP was initiated by the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA) in October 2003. The project is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) through the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Fish and Wildlife Program (NPCC). CSMEP is a major effort of the federal state and Tribal fish and wildlife managers to develop regionally integrated monitoring and evaluation (M&E) across the Columbia River Basin. CSMEP has focused its work on five monitoring domains: status and trends monitoring of populations and action effectiveness monitoring of habitat, harvest, hatcheries, and the hydrosystem. CSMEP's specific goals are to: (1) interact with federal, state and tribal programmatic and technical entities responsible for M&E of fish and wildlife, to ensure that work plans developed and executed under this project are well integrated with ongoing work by these entities; (2) document, integrate, and make available existing monitoring data on listed salmon, steelhead, bull trout and other fish species of concern; (3) critically assess strengths and weaknesses of these data for answering key monitoring questions; and (4) collaboratively design, implement and evaluate improved M&E methods with other programmatic entities in the Pacific Northwest. During FY2008 CSMEP biologists continued their reviews of the strengths and weaknesses (S&W) of existing subbasin inventory data for addressing monitoring questions about population status and trends at different spatial and temporal scales. Work was focused on Lower Columbia Chinook and steelhead, Snake River fall Chinook, Upper Columbia Spring Chinook and steelhead, and Middle Columbia River Chinook and steelhead. These FY2008 data assessments and others assembled over the years of the CSMEP project can be accessed on the CBFWA public website. The CSMEP web database (http://csmep.streamnet.org/) houses metadata inventories from S&W assessments of Columbia River Basin watersheds that were completed prior to FY2008. These older S&W assessments are maintained by StreamNet, but budget cutbacks prevented us from adding the new FY2008 assessments into the database. Progress was made in FY2008 on CSMEP's goals of collaborative design of improved M&E methods. CSMEP convened two monitoring design workshops in Portland (December 5 and 6, 2007 and February 11 and 12, 2008) to continue exploration of how best to integrate the most robust features of existing M&E programs with new approaches. CSMEP continued to build on this information to develop improved designs and analytical tools for monitoring the status and trends of fish populations and the effectiveness of hatchery and hydrosystem recovery actions within the Columbia River Basin. CSMEP did not do any new work on habitat or harvest effectiveness monitoring designs in FY2008 due to budget cutbacks. CSMEP presented the results of the Snake Basin Pilot Study to the Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP) in Portland on December 7, 2008. This study is the finalization of CSMEP's pilot exercise of developing design alternatives across different M&E domains within the Snake River Basin spring/summer Chinook ESU. This work has been summarized in two linked reports (CSMEP 2007a and CSMEP 2007b). CSMEP participants presented many of the analyses developed for the Snake Basin Pilot work at the Western Division American Fisheries Society (AFS) conference in Portland on May 4 to 7, 2008. For the AFS conference CSMEP organized a symposium on regional monitoring and evaluation approaches. A presentation on CSMEP's Cost Integration Database Tool and Salmon Viability Monitoring Simulation Model developed for the Snake Basin Pilot Study was also given to the Pacific Northwest Aquatic monitoring Partnership (PNAMP) stee

  2. Monitoring of Downstream Salmon and Steelhead at Federal Hydroelectric Facilities, 2005-2006 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinson, Rick D.; Kovalchuk, Gregory M.; Ballinger, Dean

    2006-04-01

    2005 was an average to below average flow year at John Day and Bonneville Dams. A large increase in flow in May improved migration conditions for that peak passage month. Spill was provided April through August and averaged about 30% and 48% of river flow at John Day and Bonneville Dams, respectively. Water temperature graphs were added this year that show slightly lower than average water temperature at John Day and slightly higher than average temperatures at Bonneville. The number of fish handled at John Day decreased from 412,797 in 2004 to 195,293 this year. Of the 195,293 fish, 120,586 (61.7%) were collected for researchers. Last year, 356,237 (86.3%) of the fish sampled were for researchers. This dramatic decline is the result of (1) fewer research fish needed (2) a smaller, lighter tag which allowed for tagging of smaller fish, and (3) a larger average size for subyearling chinook. These factors combined to reduce the average sample rate to 10.8%, about half of last year's rate of 18.5%. Passage timing at John Day was similar to previous years, but the pattern was distinguished by larger than average passage peaks for spring migrants, especially sockeye. The large spike in mid May for sockeye created a very short middle 80% passage duration of just 16 days. Other spring migrants also benefited from the large increase in flow in May. Descaling was lower than last year for all species except subyearling chinook and below the historical average for all species. Conversely, the incidence of about 90% of the other condition factors increased. Mortality, while up from last year for all species and higher than the historical average for all species except sockeye, continued to be low, less than 1% for all species. On 6 April a slide gate was left closed at John Day and 718 fish were killed. A gate position indicator light was installed to prevent reoccurrences. Also added this year was a PIT tag detector on the adult return-to-river flume. For the first time this year, we successfully held Pacific lamprey ammocetes. The number of fish sampled at Bonneville Dam was also down this year to 260,742, from 444,580 last year. Reasons for the decline are the same as stated above for John Day. Passage timing at Bonneville Dam was quite similar to previous years with one notable exception, sockeye. Sockeye passage was dominated by two large spikes in late May that greatly condensed the passage pattern, with the middle 80% passing Bonneville in just 18 days. Unlike John Day, passage for the rest of the species was well disbursed from late April through early June. Fish condition was good, with reductions in descaling rates for all species except unclipped steelhead and sockeye. Sockeye mortality matched last year's rate but was considerably lower for all other species. Rare species sampled at Bonneville this year included a bull trout and a eulachon.

  3. Kootenay Lake Fertilization Experiment, Year 15 (North Arm) and Year 3 (South Arm) (2006) Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schindler, E.U.; Sebastian, D.; Andrusak, G.F.

    2009-07-01

    This report summarizes results from the fifteenth year (2006) of nutrient additions to the North Arm of Kootenay Lake and three years of nutrient additions to the South Arm. Experimental fertilization of the lake has been conducted using an adaptive management approach in an effort to restore lake productivity lost as a result of nutrient uptake in upstream reservoirs. The primary objective of the experiment is to restore kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka) populations, which are the main food source for Gerrard rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus). The quantity of agricultural grade liquid fertilizer (10-34-0, ammonium polyphosphate and 28-0-0, urea ammonium nitrate) added to the North Arm in 2006 was 44.7 tonnes of P and 248.4 tonnes of N. The total fertilizer load added to the South Arm was 257 tonnes of nitrogen; no P was added. Kootenay Lake has an area of 395 km{sup 2}, a maximum depth of 150 m, a mean depth of 94 m, and a water renewal time of approximately two years. Kootenay Lake is a monomictic lake, generally mixing from late fall to early spring and stratifying during the summer. Surface water temperatures generally exceed 20 C for only a few weeks in July. Results of oxygen profiles were similar to previous years with the lake being well oxygenated from the surface to the bottom depths at all stations. Similar to past years, Secchi disc measurements at all stations in 2006 indicate a typical seasonal pattern of decreasing depths associated with the spring phytoplankton bloom, followed by increasing depths as the bloom gradually decreases by the late summer and fall. Total phosphorus (TP) ranged from 2-7 {micro}g/L and tended to decrease as summer advanced. Over the sampling season dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations decreased, with the decline corresponding to nitrate (the dominant component of DIN) being utilized by phytoplankton during summer stratification. Owing to the importance of epilimnetic nitrate that is required for optimal phytoplankton growth discrete depth water sampling occurred in 2006 to measure more accurately changes in the nitrate concentrations. As expected there was a seasonal decline in nitrate concentrations, thus supporting the strategy of increasing the nitrogen loading in both arms. These in-season changes emphasize the need for an adaptive management approach to ensure the nitrogen to phosphorus (N:P) ratio does not decrease below 15:1 (weight:weight) during the fertilizer application period. Phytoplankton composition determined from the integrated samples (0-20m) was dominated by diatoms, followed by cryptophytes and chrysophytes. The contribution of cryptophytes to total biomass was higher in 2006 than in 2005. Cryptophytes, considered being edible biomass for zooplankton and Daphnia spp., increased in 2006. Phytoplankton in the discrete depth samples (2, 5, 10, 15 and 20m) demonstrated a clear north to south gradient in average phytoplankton density and biomass among the three stations sampled, with highest values at the North Arm station (KLF 2) and lowest values in the most southern station in the South Arm (KLF 7). Populations were dominated by flagellates at all stations and depths in June and July, then dominated by diatoms in August and September in the North and South arms of the lake. There were no large bluegreen (cyanobacteria) populations in either arm of the lake in 2006. Seasonal average zooplankton abundance and biomass in both the main body of the lake and in the West Arm increased in 2006 compared to 2005. Zooplankton density was numerically dominated by copepods and biomass was dominated by Daphnia spp. The annual average mysid biomass data at deep stations indicated that the North Arm of Kootenay Lake was more productive than the South Arm in 2006. Mysid densities increased through the summer and declined in the winter; mean whole lake values remain within prefertilization densities. Kokanee escapement to Meadow Creek declined in 2006 to approximately 400,000 spawners. The Lardeau River escapement also declined wit

  4. Snake River Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Program Research Elements : 2007 Annual Project Progess Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Mike; Plaster, Kurtis; Redfield, Laura; Heindel, Jeff; Kline, Paul

    2008-12-17

    On November 20, 1991, the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration listed Snake River sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka as endangered under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. In 1991, the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes (SBT) and Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) initiated the Snake River Sockeye Salmon Captive Broodstock Program to conserve and rebuild populations in Idaho. Restoration efforts are focused on Redfish, Pettit, and Alturas lakes within the Sawtooth Valley. The first release of hatchery-produced adults occurred in 1993. The first release of juvenile sockeye salmon from the captive broodstock program occurred in 1994. In 1999, the first anadromous adult returns from the captive broodstock program were recorded when six jacks and one jill were captured at the IDFG Sawtooth Fish Hatchery. In 2007, progeny from the captive broodstock program were released using four strategies: (1) eyed-eggs were planted in Pettit Lake in November; (2) age-0 presmolts were released to Alturas, Pettit, and Redfish lakes in October; (3) age-1 smolts were released into Redfish Lake Creek and the upper Salmon River in May; and (4) hatchery-produced adult sockeye salmon were released to Redfish Lake for volitional spawning in September. Oncorhynchus nerka population monitoring was conducted on Redfish, Alturas, and Pettit lakes using a midwater trawl in September 2007. Population abundances were estimated at 73,702 fish for Redfish Lake, 124,073 fish for Alturas Lake, and 14,746 fish for Pettit Lake. Angler surveys were conducted from May 26 through August 7, 2007 on Redfish Lake to estimate kokanee harvest. On Redfish Lake, we interviewed 102 anglers and estimated that 56 kokanee were harvested. The calculated kokanee catch rate was 0.03 fish/hour for each kokanee kept. The juvenile out-migrant trap on Redfish Lake Creek was operated from April 14 to June 13, 2007. We estimated that 5,280 natural origin and 14,256 hatchery origin sockeye salmon smolts out-migrated from Redfish Lake in 2007. The hatchery origin component originated from a 2006 fall presmolt direct-release. The juvenile out-migrant traps on Alturas Lake Creek and Pettit Lake Creek were operated by the SBT from April 19 to May 23, 2007 and April 18 to May 29, 2007, respectively. The SBT estimated 1,749 natural origin and 4,695 hatchery origin sockeye salmon smolts out-migrated from Pettit Lake and estimated 8,994 natural origin and 6,897 hatchery origin sockeye salmon smolts out-migrated from Alturas Lake in 2007. The hatchery origin component of sockeye salmon out-migrants originated from fall presmolt direct-releases made to Pettit and Alturas lakes in 2006. In 2007, the Stanley Basin Sockeye Technical Oversight Committee (SBSTOC) chose to have all Snake River sockeye salmon juveniles (tagged and untagged) transported due to potential enhanced survival. Therefore, mainstem survival evaluations were only conducted to Lower Granite Dam. Unique PIT tag interrogations from Sawtooth Valley juvenile out-migrant traps to Lower Granite Dam were utilized to estimate survival rates for out-migrating sockeye salmon smolts. Survival rate comparisons were made between smolts originating from Redfish, Alturas, and Pettit lakes and the various release strategies. Alturas Lake hatchery origin smolts tagged at the out-migrant trap recorded the highest survival rate of 78.0%. In 2007, 494 hatchery origin adult sockeye salmon were released to Redfish Lake for natural spawning. We observed 195 areas of excavation in the lake from spawning events. This was the highest number of redds observed in Redfish Lake since the program was initiated. Suspected redds were approximately 3 m x 3 m in size and were constructed by multiple pairs of adults. To monitor the predator population found within the lakes, we monitored bull trout spawning in Fishhook Creek, a tributary to Redfish Lake; and in Alpine Creek, a tributary to Alturas Lake. This represented the tenth consecutive year that the index reaches have been surveyed on these two streams. Adult counts (41 adults) and redd counts (22 redds

  5. Acoustic Imaging Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Behavior in the Immediate Forebay of the Water Temperature Control Tower at Cougar Dam, 2010

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    Khan, Fenton; Johnson, Gary E.; Royer, Ida M.; Phillips, Nathan RJ; Hughes, James S.; Fischer, Eric S.; Ham, Kenneth D.; Ploskey, Gene R.

    2012-04-01

    This report presents the results of an evaluation of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) behavior at Cougar Dam on the south fork of the McKenzie River in Oregon in 2010. The study was conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The overall goal of the study was to characterize juvenile salmonid behavior and movement patterns in the immediate forebay of the Water Temperature Control (WTC) tower of the dam for USACE and fisheries resource managers use in making decisions about bioengineering designs for long-term structures and/or operations to facilitate safe downstream passage for juvenile salmonids. We collected acoustic imaging (Dual-Frequency Identification Sonar; DIDSON) data from March 1, 2010, through January 31, 2011. Juvenile salmonids (hereafter, called 'fish') were present in the immediate forebay of the WTC tower throughout the study. Fish abundance index was low in early spring (<200 fish per sample-day), increased in late April, and peaked on May 19 (6,039 fish). A second peak was observed on June 6 (2904 fish). Fish abundance index decreased in early June and remained low in the summer months (<100 fish per sample-day). During the fall and winter, fish numbers varied with a peak on November 10 (1881 fish) and a minimum on December 7 (12 fish). A second, smaller, peak occurred on December 22 (607 fish). A univariate statistical analysis indicated fish abundance index (log10-transformed) was significantly (P<0.05) positively correlated with forebay elevation, velocity over the WTC tower intake gate weirs, and river flows into the reservoir. A subsequent multiple regression analysis resulted in a model (R2=0.70) predicting fish abundance (log-transformed index values) using two independent variables of mean forebay elevation and the log10 of the forebay elevation range. From the approximate fish length measurements made using the DIDSON imaging software, the average fish length during early spring 2010 was 214 {+-} 86 mm (standard deviation). From May through early November, the average fish length remained relatively consistent (132 {+-} 54 mm), after which average lengths increased to 295 {+-} 148 mm for mid-November though early December. From mid-December through January the average fish length decreased to 151 {+-} 76 mm. Milling in front of the WTC tower was the most common fish behavior observed throughout the study period. Traversing along the front of the tower, east-to-west and west-to-east, was the next common behavior. The percentage of fish events showing movement from the forebay to the tower or from the tower to the forebay was generally low throughout the spring, summer, and early fall (0 to 30% for both directions combined, March through early November). From mid-November 2010 through the end of the study (January 31, 2011), the combined percentages of fish moving into and out of the tower were higher (25 to 70%) than during previous months of the study. Schooling behavior was most distinct in the spring. Schooling events were present in 30 to 96% of the fish events during that period, with a peak on May 19. Schooling events were also present in the summer, but at lower numbers. With the exception of some schooling in mid-December, few to no schooling events were observed in the fall and winter months. Diel distributions for schooling fish during spring and fall months indicate schooling was concentrated during daylight hours and no schooling was observed at night. However, in December, schooling occurred at night, after midnight, and during daylight hours. Predator activity, most likely bull trout or rainbow trout according to a USACE biologist, was observed during late spring, when fish abundance index and schooling were highest for the year, and again in the fall months when fish events increased from a summer low. No predator activity was observed in the summer, and little activity occurred during the winter months.