Sample records for bowen alcoa merwin

  1. TBU-0052- In the Matter of John Merwin

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Merwin (Merwin or the complainant) appeals the dismissal of his May 1, 2006 complaint of retaliation filed under 10 C.F.R. Part 708, the Department of Energy (DOE) Contractor Employee...

  2. Alcoa and ArcelorMittal

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Fabina, Larry; Brockway, Walter

    2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Profile story on Alcoa and ArcelorMittal for the American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit.

  3. Alcoa and ArcelorMittal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fabina, Larry; Brockway, Walter

    2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Profile story on Alcoa and ArcelorMittal for the American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit.

  4. Alcoa and ArcelorMittal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Profile story on Alcoa and ArcelorMittal for the American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit.

  5. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    BPA to continue to provide service for Alcoa's Intalco Works, an existing aluminum smelter in Ferndale, Washington. Under an existing contract with Alcoa, BPA provided 320...

  6. Alcoa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump to: navigation,

  7. CX: Categorical Determination-Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    CX: Categorical Determination-Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet Expansion Project CX: Categorical Determination-Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet Expansion Project Categorical...

  8. Microsoft Word - BPA analysis summarizing ALCOA block contract...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sales Agreement (Block Contract) to Alcoa Inc.'s (Alcoa) Intalco Plant, an aluminum smelter in Ferndale, Washington, at the Industrial Power (IP) rate and how it comports with...

  9. Microsoft Word - Letter - 17-yr agreement with Alcoa.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that, if adopted, would lead to a power sales contract with a regional aluminum smelter owned by Alcoa. BPA is pursuing such an offer to give Alcoa's Intalco plant, located...

  10. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extended Initial Period ROD - 2010-10...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 20 a. Legal implications of serving Alcoa from existing inventory ... 20 b. Allocation of costs between Slice and Non-Slice...

  11. Microsoft Word - Power Sales Agreement ALCOA - 081909 pm.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    G. "FTE" shall mean full time annual equivalent employment (including part-time and partial year) for regular employees of Alcoa at the Intalco Plant and contractor employees...

  12. Microsoft Word - Public Letter regarding Alcoa 12-08 unsigned...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to limit BPA's financial exposure, while providing Alcoa an opportunity to sustain its smelter operations at the Intalco Plant. The comments provided at this time will be an...

  13. Microsoft Word - Alcoa ROD Attachments.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1POWER

  14. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract 12-09-09 blackline signature...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    G. "FTE" shall mean full-time annual equivalent employment (including part-time and partial year) for regular employees of Alcoa at the Intalco Plant and contractor employees...

  15. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT Determination - 2010-10...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the time that Alcoa would have to make a shutdown decision affecting the Intalco Works smelter." 5 Absent an Extended Initial Period or a ruling by the Court, the Block Contract...

  16. Microsoft Word - Draft EBT Analysis_Alcoa -10.10.12 _REDLINE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    September 30, 2022. Alcoa will pay the Industrial Firm Power Rate ("IP rate") for its purchase of Firm Power for the duration of the Draft 2013 Contract. Alcoa's termination...

  17. Condensate polishing at Plant Bowen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, K.A.; Siegwarth, D.P.; Sawochka, S.G.; McNea, D.A.; Suhonen, C.H.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Condensate polisher system design and operation were evaluated at the fosssil-fueled Plant Bowen of Georgia Power Company relative to the ability of the polishers to achieve an effluent chemical quality consistent with PWR Steam Generator Owners Group Chemistry Guidelines. Polishers regenerated employing the Seprex and Ammonex processes were evaluated during normal plant operation and during periods of simulated condenser inleakage. Although polisher effluent quality was acceptable relative to boiler corrosion control at Plant Bowen, it was inconsistent with that required for recirculating PWR steam generators. Polisher effluent quality was reasonably consistent with requirements for PWR once-through steam generator systems. High polisher cation to anion resin equivalence ratios (3.4 to 1), and insufficiently rapid anion resin kinetics were the major reasons for the observed non-optimum polisher performance.

  18. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Compared 08_19_09 to 10_30_09 draft 2...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    G. "FTE" shall mean full- time annual equivalent employment (including part-time and partial year) for regular employees of Alcoa at the Intalco Plant and contractor employees...

  19. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract 10-30-09 blackline 2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    G. "FTE" shall mean full- time annual equivalent employment (including part-time and partial year) for regular employees of Alcoa at the Intalco Plant and contractor employees...

  20. Office of Campus Activities 401 Bowen-Thompson Student Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Office of Campus Activities 401 Bowen-Thompson Student Union Bowling Green, OH 43403 Phone (419 be submitted to the Office of Campus Activities, 401 Bowen- Thompson Student Union. Organizations

  1. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract DRAFT 10 09 12 _BLACKLINE_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    F. "FTE" shall mean full-time annual equivalent employment (including part-time and partial year) for regular employees of Alcoa at the Intalco Plant and contractor employees...

  2. Integration of public access : the adaptive re-use of Alcoa's waterworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsigounis, Simone

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is about the re-use of Alcoa's Waterworks. The exciting spatial attributes of the buildings which compose the plant, along with the views they offer to Manhattan, inspired the design of a journey through the ...

  3. Alcoa Can't Wait for Tomorrow: Taking Energy Efficiency to the Next Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brockway, W.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcoa Can?t Wait For Tomorrow Taking Energy Efficiency to the next level IETC May 23, 2013 ESL-IE-13-05-26 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Alcoa at a Glance ? Founded..., including the original aluminum process 2 ESL-IE-13-05-26 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 The Aluminum Leader for 125 Years 3 F Upstream Bauxite mining Alumina refining...

  4. Alcoa Can't Wait for Tomorrow: Taking Energy Efficiency to the Next Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brockway, W.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcoa Can?t Wait For Tomorrow Taking Energy Efficiency to the next level IETC May 23, 2013 ESL-IE-13-05-26 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Alcoa at a Glance ? Founded..., including the original aluminum process 2 ESL-IE-13-05-26 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 The Aluminum Leader for 125 Years 3 F Upstream Bauxite mining Alumina refining...

  5. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  6. Health assessment for ALCOA (Vancouver Smelter), Vancouver, Clark County, Washington, Region 10. CERCLIS No. WAD009045279. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The ALCOA (also known as Vancouver Smelter) site, located on the northern bank of the Columbia River about 4 miles west of Interstate 5 in Vancouver, Clark County, Washington, has been proposed for the National Priorities List. The site consists of three waste piles containing about 66,000 tons of waste (spent potlinings and alumina insulation) that were deposited on the north bank of the Columbia River by ALCOA between 1973 and 1981. ALCOA has since sold the aluminum smelter to another company, VANALCO. The contaminants detected in the groundwater in the area surrounding the piles include cyanide, fluoride, and trichloroethene (TCE). The ALCOA site is of potential public health concern because humans may be exposed to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects.

  7. Microsoft Word - Draft EBT Analysis_Alcoa -10.10.12 _REDLINE_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8CO 2 FoamCWolfgang L9 EnergyALCOA

  8. Alcoa: C-Suite Participation in Energy Efficiency Increases Accountability and Staff Engagement Throughout the Organization

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1Albuquerque, NM - Buildinginaugural U.S.EnergyEnergyAlcoa:

  9. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract 10-30-09 blackline 2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE2 U.S.32009ApproachALCOA

  10. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract DRAFT 10 09 12 _BLACKLINE_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1 of 1

  11. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extended Initial Period ROD - 2010-10-29 _final_ blackline.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1 of

  12. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT Determination - 2010-10-06PM _blackline - final_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1 of

  13. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT ROD Attachments - 2010-10-06PM _blackline - final_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1 of6,

  14. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT ROD Attachments - 2010-10-29 _final_ blackline.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa 1

  15. Microsoft Word - Alcoa ROD Master 12 20 blackline signature.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE23PM-10978, Alcoa

  16. Microsoft Word - BPA analysis summarizing ALCOA block contract - 103009 _blackline_ v2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. March 3,Project Cost8, 2009Alcoa

  17. Providing Reliability Services through Demand Response: A Prelimnary Evaluation of the Demand Response Capabilities of Alcoa Inc.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Kueck, John D [ORNL; Todd, Duane [Alcoa; Caulfield, Michael [Alcoa; Helms, Brian [Alcoa

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand response is the largest underutilized reliability resource in North America. Historic demand response programs have focused on reducing overall electricity consumption (increasing efficiency) and shaving peaks but have not typically been used for immediate reliability response. Many of these programs have been successful but demand response remains a limited resource. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) report, 'Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering' (FERC 2006) found that only five percent of customers are on some form of demand response program. Collectively they represent an estimated 37,000 MW of response potential. These programs reduce overall energy consumption, lower green house gas emissions by allowing fossil fuel generators to operate at increased efficiency and reduce stress on the power system during periods of peak loading. As the country continues to restructure energy markets with sophisticated marginal cost models that attempt to minimize total energy costs, the ability of demand response to create meaningful shifts in the supply and demand equations is critical to creating a sustainable and balanced economic response to energy issues. Restructured energy market prices are set by the cost of the next incremental unit of energy, so that as additional generation is brought into the market, the cost for the entire market increases. The benefit of demand response is that it reduces overall demand and shifts the entire market to a lower pricing level. This can be very effective in mitigating price volatility or scarcity pricing as the power system responds to changing demand schedules, loss of large generators, or loss of transmission. As a global producer of alumina, primary aluminum, and fabricated aluminum products, Alcoa Inc., has the capability to provide demand response services through its manufacturing facilities and uniquely through its aluminum smelting facilities. For a typical aluminum smelter, electric power accounts for 30% to 40% of the factory cost of producing primary aluminum. In the continental United States, Alcoa Inc. currently owns and/or operates ten aluminum smelters and many associated fabricating facilities with a combined average load of over 2,600 MW. This presents Alcoa Inc. with a significant opportunity to respond in areas where economic opportunities exist to help mitigate rising energy costs by supplying demand response services into the energy system. This report is organized into seven chapters. The first chapter is the introduction and discusses the intention of this report. The second chapter contains the background. In this chapter, topics include: the motivation for Alcoa to provide demand response; ancillary service definitions; the basics behind aluminum smelting; and a discussion of suggested ancillary services that would be particularly useful for Alcoa to supply. Chapter 3 is concerned with the independent system operator, the Midwest ISO. Here the discussion examines the evolving Midwest ISO market structure including specific definitions, requirements, and necessary components to provide ancillary services. This section is followed by information concerning the Midwest ISO's classifications of demand response parties. Chapter 4 investigates the available opportunities at Alcoa's Warrick facility. Chapter 5 involves an in-depth discussion of the regulation service that Alcoa's Warrick facility can provide and the current interactions with Midwest ISO. Chapter 6 reviews future plans and expectations for Alcoa providing ancillary services into the market. Last, chapter 7, details the conclusion and recommendations of this paper.

  18. Results of the radiological survey at the ALCOA Research Laboratory, 600 Freeport Road, New Kensington, Pennsylvania (ANK001)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey at the ALCOA Research Laboratory, 600 Freeport Road, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. The survey was performed on November 12, 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine whether the property was contaminated with radioactive residues, principally [sup 238]U, as a result of work done for the Manhattan Engineer District in 1944. The survey included measurement of direct alpha and beta-gamma levels in the northeast comer of the basement of Building 29, and the collection of a debris sample from a floor drain for radionuclide analysis. The survey area was used for experimental canning of uranium slugs prior to production activities at the former New Kensington Works nearby.

  19. A Review of "Christopher Plantin and Engraved Book Illustrations in Sixteenth-Century Europe" by Karen Bowen and Dirk Imhof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Larry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and thorough, this is a distinguished and rewarding contribu- tion to the history of higher education. Karen Bowen and Dirk Imhof. Christopher Plantin and Engraved Book Illustrations in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008...

  20. ARM Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) station: surf. heat flux and related data, 30-min

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cook, David

    The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-min estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity. Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  1. Results of the radiological survey at the former ALCOA New Kensington Works, Pine and Ninth Streets, New Kensington, Pennsylvania (ANK002)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey at the former ALCOA New Kensington Works, Pine and Ninth Streets, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. The survey was performed on November 12, 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine whether the property was contaminated with radioactive residues, principally, as a result of work done for the Manhattan Engineer District in 1944. The survey included a gamma scan of three bays inside Building 18; measurement of direct alpha and beta-gamma levels in the same area; and collection of a dust sample for radionuclide analysis from the center of each bay. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations or radiation measurements in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program guidelines for uranium. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from typical background levels in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area.

  2. Results of the radiological survey at the ALCOA Research Laboratory, 600 Freeport Road, New Kensington, Pennsylvania (ANK001). Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Non-Defense Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducted a radiological survey at the ALCOA Research Laboratory, 600 Freeport Road, New Kensington, Pennsylvania. The survey was performed on November 12, 1991. The purpose of the survey was to determine whether the property was contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 238}U, as a result of work done for the Manhattan Engineer District in 1944. The survey included measurement of direct alpha and beta-gamma levels in the northeast comer of the basement of Building 29, and the collection of a debris sample from a floor drain for radionuclide analysis. The survey area was used for experimental canning of uranium slugs prior to production activities at the former New Kensington Works nearby.

  3. An Overview of the Bowen Survey; detecting donor star signatures in Low Mass X-ray Binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remon Cornelisse; Jorge Casares; Teo Munoz-Darias; Danny Steeghs; Phil Charles; Rob Hynes; Kieran O'Brien

    2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we give a review of the Bowen fluorescence survey, showing that narrow emission lines (mainly NIII and CIII lines between 4630 and 4660 A) appear to be universally present in the Bowen blend of optically bright low mass X-ray binaries. These narrow lines are attributed to reprocessing in the companion star giving the first estimates of K_2, and thereby providing the first constraints on their system parameters. We will give an overview of the constraints on the masses of the compact objects and briefly highlight the most important results of the survey. Furthermore, we will point out the most promising systems for future follow-up studies and indicate how we think their estimates of the component masses can be improved.

  4. Switching dynamics of suspended mesogenic polymer microspheres Darran R. Cairns, Merwin Sibulkin, and Gregory P. Crawforda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Darran

    the mesogenic order indefinitely. The electro-optic switching of these structures suspended in a fluid importance of polymer dispersed liquid crystals PDLCs in display and window technology,2 which fueled polarizing microscopy,3 for diameters 5 m, and for sub- micron sizes sophisticated nuclear magnetic resonance

  5. Microsoft Word - Alcoa ROD Attachments.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as one of four tifications for grantini a Technological Allowance. George Reich. Puget und Area Power Manager. has inspected Intalco's p)ant. and has recommended your...

  6. Jack A. Speer Alcoa Wenatchee Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;2 generation plants while other industries in the region continue to purchase vintage priced power Stephen J. Wright Frank L. Cassidy Administrator Chairman Bonneville Power Administration Northwest Power should meet all of its responsibilities in the 1980 Northwest Power Act, and that fairness requires BPA

  7. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_amendment_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    level of service under an existing power sales contract to a facility (the Intalco smelter) that is already in existence and currently operating. The amendment would extend...

  8. QER - Comment of Alcoa | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010 |ofDepartment ofPart|Questions and9th3rdThisNotte,

  9. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEAWaterCool Roofs Energy 101: CoolServices »0 Energy Balance

  10. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT ROD Attachments - 2010-10...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis ... 16 Attachment F 2012 BPA Rate Case Customer Workshop - AURORA, September 14, 2010 ......

  11. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extension EBT ROD Attachments - 2010-10...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis ... 7 Attachment D 2012 BPA Rate Case Customer Workshop - AURORA, September 14, 2010 ......

  12. Superplastic behavior of Al-Li 2090 OE-16 (ALCOA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douskos, Lambros Stamatiou

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in an argon atmosphere under a back pressure of 400 psi. Limited tests were conducted at atmospheric pressure in order to examine the effect of back pressure on superplastic formability and cavitation. The analysis consisted of an investigation of: (1.... TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION. Page II. ANALYSIS III. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 15 A. 510'C Test Temperature at 400 psi Back Pressure . . . 15 1. 0. 090L in Gauge (Longitudinal Orientation) . . . . 15 2. 0. 063L...

  13. Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Alcoa to Support...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    largest wind farms, and several of the world's largest solar generation and thermal energy storage systems. Addthis Related Articles Financing the Growing American Auto...

  14. JV Task 92 - Alcoa/Retec SFE and SPME

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Hawthorne

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the work performed by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) under the U.S. Department of Energy Jointly Sponsored Research Program JV Task 92, which is a continuation of JV9. Successful studies performed in 1999 through the end of 2008 demonstrated the potential for using selective supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and a solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method for measuring sediment pore water polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to mimic the bioavailability of PAHs from manufactured gas plant and aluminum smelter soils and sediments both in freshwater and saltwater locations. The studies that the EERC has performed with the commercial partners have continued to generate increased interest in both the regulatory communities and in the industries that have historically produced or utilized coal tar products. Both ASTM International and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have accepted the pore water method developed at the EERC as standard methods. The studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of our techniques in predicting bioavailability of PAHs from ca. 250 impacted and background field sediments and soils. The field demonstrations from the final years of the project continued to build the foundation data for acceptance of our methods by the regulatory communities. The JV92 studies provide the single largest database in the world that includes measures of PAH bioavailability along with biological end points. These studies clearly demonstrated that present regulatory paradigms based on equilibrium partitioning greatly overpredict bioavailability. These investigations also laid the foundation for present (non-JV) studies being applied to PAHs and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at EPA Superfund sites, investigations into PAH and PCB bioavailability at U.S Department of Defense sites, and the application of the techniques to investigating the bioavailability of chlorinated dioxins and furans from impacted sediments.

  15. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_extension_No2_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    level of service under an existing power sales contract to a facility (the Intalco smelter) that is already in existence and currently operating. The amendment would further...

  16. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_short-term_amendments_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the same level of service under an existing power sales contract to the Intalco smelter in Ferndale, WA. These amendments would further extend this service for up to an...

  17. Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Alcoa to Support

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal RegisterHydrogen and Fuel Cellof EnergyDepartmentDepartment

  18. CX: Categorical Determination-Alcoa Tennessee Automotive Sheet Expansion

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To Wisdom: Utilizing ForestProject | Department of

  19. Energy Department Offers Conditional Commitment to Alcoa to Support

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJunetrackEllen O'KaneSystemsDepartment ofofWASHINGTON, D.C.

  20. Microsoft Word - Letter - 17-yr agreement with Alcoa.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRC Kick-Off Meeting10, 2008 In reply refer

  1. Microsoft Word - Power Sales Agreement ALCOA - 081909 pm.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRCAddendumNo. 1 Contract No.

  2. Success Story: Alcoa and ArcelorMittal | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy Conversion | ANSER Center

  3. City of Alcoa Utilities, Tennessee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin Urban Transport | OpenChristianCimarronCity &City

  4. Alcoa: C-Suite Participation in Energy Efficiency Increases Accountability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is alwaysISOSource Heat Pump Basics Air-SourceAlaskaDepartmentand Staff

  5. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Amendment 5 23 12.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE2 U.S.32009Approach

  6. Aquatic Chemistry, CEGR 6090 Fall 1999, Bowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    defined by: a. [CO2]T = 10-2 M and [KCl]T = 10-2 M b. [H2S]T = 10-3 M and [NaHCO3]T = 10-3 M c. Carbonate/Dissolution/Complexation (40 pts.) a. Sketch a logC-pH diagram for H2S, with [H2S]T = 10-5 M. b. At what pH will Zn

  7. Hydraulics, CIET 3132 Spring 1998, Bowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    . Estimate the flow rate, using the Darcy equation, including local losses. Do only one iteration. Bernoulli Equation (20 points) Oil flows from a tank into the air, as shown below. What is the total head flows through a new 12-inch, cast-iron pipe at 3 ft/s. Using the Hazen-Williams equation, estimate

  8. Wagerup Refinery Unit Three September 2005 Alcoa World Alumina Australia Page i TABLE OF CONTENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...................................................................................................... 1

  9. Microsoft Word - Alcoa ROD Master 12 20 blackline signature.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and BPA's determination that the Second Period cost caps can be met. In most other material respects, the November Draft Contract reflects the terms of the August Draft...

  10. Microsoft Word - DRAFT Term Sheet - Alcoa 2009-07-17 _for posting...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    based on then current forecast of market price. To the extent any other aluminum smelter DSI notifies BPA of a curtailment, during the duration of such curtailment, the 82...

  11. Microsoft Word - Alcoa_short-term_amendments2_CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the same level of service under an existing power sales contract to the Intalco smelter in Ferndale, WA. These amendments would further extend this service for up to an...

  12. Microsoft Word - Posted DSI Amendment of Alcoa Block Power Sales Agreement 12-29-08.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRCAddendumNo. 1 Contract No. 06PB-11744

  13. Microsoft Word - Public Letter regarding Alcoa 12-08 unsigned _2_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRCAddendumNo. 1 Contract0 1 September

  14. BPA Letter announcing draft contract for Direct Service Industries - Alcoa, 8/19/09

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugustDecade Later: AreAugust 19, 2009 In reply

  15. In Cleveland, Alcoa and ArcelorMittal Recognized for Leadership in Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartment of Energy IRSJuly 2012||Improvingof theGive

  16. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Compared 08_19_09 to 10_30_09 draft 2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE2 U.S.32009Approach

  17. Microsoft Word - Alcoa Contract 12-09-09 blackline signature.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8 3. EFFECTIVE2

  18. Microsoft Word - DRAFT Term Sheet - Alcoa 2009-07-17 _for posting_.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE SWPAURTeC:8CO 2 FoamC M E T is (T T

  19. Water Quality Modeling, CEGR 6141 Spring 1999, Bowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    PM, Wednesday, April 28, 1999 · no discussion of test problems allowed 1. Eutrophication Prediction a) in Kitsap County, Washington (a suburb of Seattle). The lake is experiencing eutrophication problems. Several eutrophication control measures have been proposed, as follows: 1. requiring 50 ft. "natural

  20. UNDERSTANDING THE US-CHINA TRADE Henry Bowen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    is in the midst of economic change Economic future uncertain for Chinese households Massive incentives to save, declined from 47% of GDP to 36% in past 10 years #12;CASE STUDY 3 recent changes to China's economic

  1. Women @ Energy: Esther E. Bowen | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S.Department ofWomen @WomenElizabethErinEsther

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bowen Lab - NJ 33

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTable ofArizonaBuffalo - NYBowen Lab - NJ 33 FUSRAP

  3. Women @ Energy: Esther E. Bowen | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric VehicleCenters | Department ofoftoMayWisingJoanne

  4. Adage Capital Management, LP ADP Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napier, Terrence

    Alcoa Foundation Alexander & Baldwin, Inc. AllianceBernstein Foundation Fund Allstate Foundation Alstom

  5. Pigmented Bowen's disease of the penis and scrotum in a patient with AIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Raslan, Wasim; Dawamneh, M Fawaz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 (4): 16 Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, SaudiHealth Center Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization,

  6. Using CFD in Robotic Simulators for pollution John Oyekan, Bowen Lu, Huosheng Hu and Dongbing Gu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    or vessels intentionally discharging pollution into natural water bodies. This project involves swarm intelligence algorithm. As it is virtually impossible to develop and test algorithms on a physical platform was investigated. In [3], Nawaz et al developed a simulator to test a sensor monitoring

  7. The Poets of El Sol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronmiller, Sue A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Patt Morrison Asks: The Poet, W.S. Merwin. Los AngelesSue A. Ed. Minds Eye: The Poets of El Sol, poetryxchange,The Poets of El Sol ii The Poets of El Sol SUE A. CRONMILLER

  8. C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MERWIN Y a l e L a k e Lake Merwin C o w e e m a n K a l a m a K a l a m a River R i v e r R i v e r K a l a m a R i v e r R i v e r G o b l e C r e e k N o r t h F o r k Go b l e...

  9. RECOVERY ACT: TAPOCO PROJECT: CHEOAH UPGRADE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tran, Paul; 740, 293 Highway; Baden, NC 28009

    2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Under Funding Opportunity Announcement Number: DE-FOA-0000120, Recovery Act: Hydroelectric Facility Modernization, Alcoa Power Generating Inc. (APGI), a fully owned subsidiary of Alcoa Inc., implemented major upgrades at its Cheoah hydroelectric facility near Robbinsville, North Carolina.

  10. Microsoft Word - DSI Block 01_16_09.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of its production facilities that suffers 09PB-13268, Alcoa 3 of 3 Exhibit G, Power Reserves Material Plant Damage, PS and Alcoa agree that these damages can be reasonably...

  11. Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) Signs MOU Innovation Council Formed to Collaborate on Research Focusing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaram, Bhyravabotla

    Alcoa Alcoa is the world's leading producer and manager of primary aluminum, fabricated aluminum, automotive, packaging, building and construction, commercial transportation and industrial markets, bringing to aluminum products and components, Alcoa also markets consumer brands including Reynolds Wrap® foils

  12. Secretary Chu Announces Six Projects to Convert Captured CO2...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    clay, a by-product of aluminum refining. The carbonate product can be utilized as construction fill material, soil amendments, and green fertilizer. Alcoa will demonstrate and...

  13. Advance Patent Waiver W(A)2012-029

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is a request by ALCOA COMMERICAL WINDOWS, LLC for a DOE Advance patent waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights under agreement DE-EE0004012.

  14. Indiana: EERE's Wireless Sensors Can Save Companies Millions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    demonstrated at an Alcoa facility in Evansville, Indiana. Within 30 minutes, the sensor network was operational. On one side of the plant, at an electrical substation, ORNL...

  15. exhibit A of framework for memorandum of understanding for direct...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and as provided in the Block Contract. This Framework contemplates a number of different power purchase and delivery period scenarios under which BPA could serve the Alcoa Load....

  16. Energy Efficiency Projects: Overcoming Internal Barriers to Implementa...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electronics Environmentally- Friendly Bus Aluminum Bottles Easy Open Cans Energy Efficiency Program for Alcoa What are the Barriers ? Sponsorship from the highest level on...

  17. Videos | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Secretary Moniz Speaks at the American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness (AEMC) Summit Alcoa and ArcelorMittal Thomas Edison vs. Nikola Tesla Edison vs. Tesla CFC 2013: Make...

  18. framework for memorandum of understanding for direct service...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CONTRACT FOR THE FY 2012 THROUGH FY 2028 PERIOD I. BACKGROUND Alcoa is an aluminum-smelter direct service industrial (DSI) customer of Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and...

  19. CX-009707: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    BPA to continue to provide service for Alcoa's Intalco Works, an existing aluminum smelter in Ferndale, Washington. CX-009707.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008892:...

  20. CX-012648: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bonneville Power House-Alcoa #2 Tower Relocation CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 41857 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  1. PROGRAM DAY 1 2011 RESCO Experts Symposium -February 22-23, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California's Renewable Energy Future Merwin Brown, Moderator PIER Smart Grid Efforts Pedro Gomez California Energy Commission SCE Smart Grid Efforts Mike Montoya SCE SMUD Smart Grid Efforts Jim Parks SMUD SDG Smart Grid Efforts Harold Galicer Sacramento State University Solar Integration R&D George Simons Itron

  2. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that it doesn't have. We believe that it is illegal for BPA to purchase power for resale to the aluminum Director, Power Planning SUBJECT: Public Power Council Perspective on Offering Power to Alcoa This agenda item relates to the previous Council agenda item on a possible sale of Bonneville power to Alcoa

  3. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but that is not part of this MOU. BPA will purchase needed power from market parties if it can acquire power Director, Power Planning SUBJECT: Presentation by Alcoa on Proposed Principles for Electricity Service from Bonneville. Alcoa Aluminum will make a presentation to the Council on principles for a proposed power sale

  4. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque (77, suppl6ment au Journal de Physique 111,Volume 3, novembre 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    weight structure is the driving force for aluminum alloys in the automotive market, and cost is extremely.J. LEGE Aluminum CompanyofAmerica, 100 TechnicalDrive,Alcoa TechnicalCenter;Alcoa Center;PA 15069, U;SA. ABSTRACT This paper describes the needs of the aviation and automotive markets for structural materials

  5. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN GRAIN BOUNDARY CHARACTER AND INTERGRANULAR CORROSION SUSCEPTIBILITY OF 2124 ALUMINUM ALLOY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    as obtained from the OIM system, (b) the EBSD data that has been cleaned up with the TSL software 2 Alcoa Technical Center, Aluminum Company of America, Alcoa Center, PA 15069, USA ABSTRACT first underwent a heat treatment at 350C for 120 minutes followed by air cooling to remove any residual

  6. NISTIR 7359 Information Security Guide For

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NISTIR 7359 Information Security Guide For Government Executives Pauline Bowen Elizabeth Chew Joan Hash #12;NISTIR 7359 Information Security Guide For Government Executives Pauline Bowen Elizabeth Chew Joan Hash Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute of Standards

  7. PURDUEUNIVERSITY--SCHOOLOFCIVILENGINEERING Sponsored by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    |Sustainablebuildings The solar absorption cooling and heating system (SACH) in Bowen Laboratory at Purdue is the first the cooling and heating demands for a small size com- mercial building. The Bowen SACH system is led by Dr the federal agencies of the National Science Foundation and Department of Energy. The Bowen SACH system

  8. Microsoft Word - DSI Amendment 01-08-09 _after Implementation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the payments to be made to it by BPA under the Agreement, Alcoa acquired power in the wholesale power market to serve its industrial load during the full term of the Agreement. The...

  9. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C3, suppl6ment au n09, Tome 48, septembre 1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Laboratories, Alcoa Center, PA 15069, U.S.A. Abstract In 1981, the ALlTHALlTEs aluminum-lithium project to emerge, as well as secondary property information such as corrosion and fatigue performance. All

  10. Energy Challenges and Conservation Achievements in the Aluminum Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, A. C.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy requirements. This talk reviews the aluminum industry's and Alcoa's conservation activities of the past five post-embargo years. It highlights smelting improvements, still in the research and development stage, which nonetheless promise significant...

  11. Background

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intalco Plant in Ferndale, Washington. This Agreement obligates BPA to supply 300 MW of electric power to Alcoa's Intalco Plant for a term of nine years and nine months, from...

  12. Pennsylvania: Window Technology First of Its Kind for Commercial...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    manufacturer Traco, a division of Kawneer (an Alcoa company), to develop the OptiQ(tm) Ultra Thermal Window series (OptiQ(tm)) for the commercial buildings sector. These windows...

  13. 3M Corporation Abbott Laboratories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napier, Terrence

    . Agilent Technologies, Inc. Air Products Foundation Alaska Airlines Albemarle Corporation Alcoa Foundation Energy Group, Inc. Corning Incorporated Foundation Crayola, LLC Deloitte Foundation Delta Air Lines3M Corporation Abbott Laboratories Adage Capital Management, LP Adams Electric Cooperative, Inc

  14. CX-002495: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Innovative Concepts for Carbon Dioxide UseCX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 06/02/2010Location(s): Alcoa Center, PennsylvaniaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  15. Microsoft Word - Draft EBT Analysis_CFAC - 2011-07-31 _blackline...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with the other DSIs - Alcoa Inc. and the Port Townsend Paper Corporation. c. Rate CFAC's purchase of Firm Power for the duration of the 2012 Contract is subject to the Industrial...

  16. Microsoft Word - letter announcing draft contract_attachment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 th Letter to the Region Summary of Changes BPA has Made in the Draft Contract in Response to the Public Comment Process on the Alcoa Term Sheet BPA published a term sheet...

  17. Matching Gift Companies LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 1 3M Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Corporation Foundation The Eaton Charitable Fund Electroline Corporation Eli Lilly and Company FoundationMatching Gift Companies LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 1 3M Corporation Abbott Laboratories Accenture Foundation Technologies, Inc. Air Products Air Products Foundation Albemarle Corporation Alcoa Foundation Alliance Capital

  18. CX-008692: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Amendment Number 2 to the Alcoa Power Sales Agreement CX(s) Applied: A2 Date: 06/22/2012 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  19. Power Services, Direct Service Industries letter to the region...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    firm power (IP) to an amount sufficient to operate two potlines at Alcoa's Ferndale smelter and the Columbia Falls Aluminum Company smelter located in Montana (460 aMW). 2....

  20. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). CenturyalsosignedanagreementwithAppalachianPower CompanyforelectricalservicetoitsRavenswood,WV,smelter effectiveJanuary1,construction,ownership,operation,and maintenanceofafifthpowergeneratingstationatAlcoa's Rockdale,TX,smelter). Alcoaalsoannouncedinvestmentstosecurethelong-term powerneedsofitsWarrick,in,smelter.Thecompanyplanned toinvest$45

  1. BPA Letter announcing draft contract for Direct Service Industries...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Firm Power rate (IP rate) sufficient to meet a portion of Alcoa's load at its Intalco smelter. The proposed power sale would begin Oct. 1, 2009, and extend through Sept. 30, 2016,...

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2008-10-20_DSI-Workshop (7 slides).ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to support Alcoa's commitment to make 160 million capital investment in the Intalco smelter if there is 10 years of certainty upfront. - Pay the IP rate set in each rate case. -...

  3. Microsoft Word - Letter to the region on DSI service - 102909...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will make the same contract offer to CFAC for a one and two potline operation at their smelter located in Montana. The modified Alcoa and CFAC contract, plus a redline draft of the...

  4. B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Fact...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that would provide 300 average megawatts of power service to Alcoa's Intalco aluminum smelter in Ferndale, Wash., for a little less than 10 years. You can read the draft agreement...

  5. CX-008892: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Short-term Additional Amendments to the Alcoa Power Sales Agreement CX(s) Applied: A2 Date: 07/23/2012 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  6. CX-009201: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Short-term Additional Amendments to the Alcoa Power Sales Agreement CX(s) Applied: A2 Date: 09/14/2012 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  7. CX-008710: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Amendment Number 1 to the Alcoa Power Sales Agreement CX(s) Applied: A2 Date: 05/23/2012 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  8. Evaluation of heat stress in an aluminum smelter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Stacy Rahkell

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of heat stress and heat strain was evaluated for the aluminum smelter workers at Alcoa, Rockdale Operations. Personal, environmental, and metabolic factors that contribute to heat-related illnesses were identified. The effectiveness of current...

  9. Specialty Cellular Glass Products and Their Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostoker, D.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . One such field of application, the Alcoa Smelting Process, involves the use of molten salts which tend to impregnate materials which are porous to either salt vapors or to the liquid phase. Such impregnation of ordinary insulating materials causes a...

  10. CX-012227: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Alcoa Digital Upgrade in Oregon and Washington CX(s) Applied: B4.7 Date: 06/19/2014 Location(s): Oregon, Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  11. Direct Detection of Near-surface Faults by Migration of Back-scattered Surface Waves Han Yu1, Bowen Guo1, Sherif Hanafy1, Fan-Chi Lin2, and Gerard T. Schuster1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    , University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 SUMMARY We show that diffraction stack migration can be used be used to avoid unsafe construction of buildings or placement of drilling platforms. Detection of hidden

  12. Interim President R. Bowen Loftin requested that the Task Force on Enlightened and Shared Governance continue to pursue its initial charge from former President Elsa A. Murano to: clarify and reach consensus on the definition of enlightened and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and shared governance at Texas A&M; and present recommendations for best practices at all levels information. It is also a process that demands responsibility and accountability from those who participate

  13. Reflector Technology Development and System Design for Concentrating Solar Power Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Schaut

    2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcoa began this program in March of 2008 with the goal of developing and validating an advanced CSP trough design to lower the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) as compared to existing glass based, space-frame trough technology. In addition to showing a pathway to a significant LCOE reduction, Alcoa also desired to create US jobs to support the emerging CSP industry. Alcoa's objective during Phase I: Concept Feasibility was to provide the DOE with a design approach that demonstrates significant overall system cost savings without sacrificing performance. Phase I consisted of two major tasks; reflector surface development and system concept development. Two specific reflective surface technologies were investigated, silver metallized lamination, and thin film deposition both applied on an aluminum substrate. Alcoa prepared samples; performed test validation internally; and provided samples to the NREL for full-spectrum reflectivity measurements. The final objective was to report reflectivity at t = 0 and the latest durability results as of the completion of Phase 1. The target criteria for reflectance and durability were as follows: (1) initial (t = 0), hemispherical reflectance >93%, (2) initial spectral reflectance >90% for 25-mrad reading and >87% for 7-mrad reading, and (3) predicted 20 year durability of less than 5% optical performance drop. While the results of the reflective development activities were promising, Alcoa was unable to down-select on a reflective technology that met the target criteria. Given the progress and potential of both silver film and thin film technologies, Alcoa continued reflector surface development activities in Phase II. The Phase I concept development activities began with acquiring baseline CSP system information from both CSP Services and the DOE. This information was used as the basis to develop conceptual designs through ideation sessions. The concepts were evaluated based on estimated cost and high-level structural performance. The target criteria for the concept development was to achieve a solar field cost savings of 25%-50% thereby meeting or exceeding the DOE solar field cost savings target of $350/m2. After evaluating various structural design approaches, Alcoa down-selected to a monocoque, dubbed Wing Box, design that utilizes the reflective surface as a structural, load carrying member. The cost and performance potential of the Wing Box concept was developed via initial finite element analysis (FEA) and cost modeling. The structural members were sized through material utilization modeling when subjected to representative loading conditions including wind loading. Cost modeling was utilized to refine potential manufacturing techniques that could be employed to manufacture the structural members. Alcoa concluded that an aluminum intensive collector design can achieve significant cost savings without sacrificing performance. Based on the cost saving potential of this Concept Feasibility study, Alcoa recommended further validation of this CSP approach through the execution of Phase II: Design and Prototype Development. Alcoa Phase II objective was to provide the DOE with a validated CSP trough design that demonstrates significant overall system cost savings without sacrificing performance. Phase II consisted of three major tasks; Detail System Design, Prototype Build, and System Validation. Additionally, the reflector surface development that began in Phase I was continued in Phase II. After further development work, Alcoa was unable to develop a reflective technology that demonstrated significant performance or cost benefits compared to commercially available CSP reflective products. After considering other commercially available reflective surfaces, Alcoa selected Alano's MIRO-SUN product for use on the full scale prototype. Although MIRO-SUN has a lower specular reflectivity compared to other options, its durability in terms of handling, cleaning, and long-term reflectivity was deemed the most important attribute to successfully validate Alcoa's advanced trough archi

  14. C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Merwin L e w i s Le wi s R i v e r Ea s t F o r k R i v e r R o c k C r e e k B i g T r e e C r e e k R o c k C r e e k C h e la t c h i e C r e e k C a n y o n C r e e k C e d ar...

  15. C

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r k C o . C l a r k C o . 11 29 22Merwin

  16. The Human Striatum is Necessary for Responding to Changes in Stimulus Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivry, Rich

    Bercken, Horstink, van Spaendonck, & Berger, 1984). Patients with mild Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibit Spaendonck, Berger, Horstink, Borm, & Cools, 1995; Lees & Smith, 1983; Bowen, Kamienny, Burns, & Yahr, 1975

  17. 2011 Spring : Distinguished Honors Distinguished

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Distinguished Borges Catherine Rebecca Distinguished Bowen Meredith Ann Distinguished Bowers Michelle Diane Distinguished Bryan Brittany Alexandra Distinguished Bryant Taylor Danielle Distinguished Buazza Maryam Mahmud

  18. Equality saturation : using equational reasoning to optimize imperative functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tate, Ross; Tate, Ross

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3] Bowen Alpern, Mark N. Wegman, and F. Kenneth Zadeck.Barry K. Rosen, Mark N. Wegman, and F. Kenneth Zadeck. An

  19. ag superlens suitable: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Providing habitat for hosts of various diseases such as malaria Bowen, James D. 25 Siemens AG 2009. All rights reserved. Investitionsmanagement Biology and Medicine Websites...

  20. pdf,part3 - Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This volume consists of Russian translations of the following papers: a) Rufus Bowen, Equilibrium states and the ergodic theory of Anosov di?eomorphisms,...

  1. Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James B. Grossman Dissertation Prize alex shaw William J. Horwitz Prize alicia cunningham shen Annie Le Fellowship sachi inukai beatrice monica bowen Elias Loomis Prize bradford foley Order

  2. Lectures on Applied Mathematics Part 1: Linear Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, Ray M.

    2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    LECTURES ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS Part 1: Linear Algebra Ray M. Bowen Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering President Emeritus Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Copyright Ray... M. Bowen Updated January, 2014 ii ____________________________________________________________________________ PREFACE To Part 1 It is common for Departments of Mathematics to offer a junior-senior level course on Linear Algebra...

  3. Geology and Geophysics at the University of Utah Advisors for Undergraduate Geology & Geophysics Students (2014-15 academic year)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Cari

    Geology and Geophysics at the University of Utah Advisors for Undergraduate Geology & Geophysics Students (2014-15 academic year): General Academic Advising for Geology & Geophysics Majors Ms. Judy for Geology Emphasis, Geoscience Major Prof. Brenda Bowen (email: brenda.bowen@ utah.edu, office: 341 FASB

  4. Minara Nova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .) -- Colp. Toys in the Attic -- Citadel What is Rain (Children's Album) --Decca World of Susie Wong -- RCA Victor You Can't Run Away from It (Decca) The Man with Bogart's Face Then Came Bronson -- Capitol Records Television includes: Alcoa-Goodyear...

  5. TThhee EEccoonnoommiicc RReesseeaarrcchh GGuuaarrddiiaann VVooll.. 22((22))22001122 SSeemmii--aannnnuuaall OOnnlliinnee JJoouurrnnaall,, wwwwww..eeccrrgg..rroo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    that under mild assumptions on the recycling cost and provided the waste technology is concave enough income, together with consumption, will be lower. Waste recycling activities concern growing industries, recycling is integrated into the analysis of industrial organization; following the Alcoa case, studies have

  6. Reduces electric energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

  7. 7:30 am Registration, light breakfast 8:00 am Welcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    molecular and population sciences The Alcoa study Assessing the promise and peril of health care reform Learning Health Care Systems 1:30 pm Introduction of Jack Rowe, MD Bryan Bohman, MD 1:35 pm Headwinds and tailwinds in developing a learning health care system: What does it take to get it right? Jack Rowe, MD 1

  8. Matching Gift Companies Page 1 of 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazar, Aurel A.

    International Group, Inc. 9. Alcoa, Inc. 10. Alexander & Baldwin, Inc. 11. Alliant Energy Corporation (retirees Electronics, Inc. 26. Art Technology Group, Inc. 27. Aspect Software, Inc. 28. Assurant Employee Benefits 29 Corporation 63. Deutsche Bank Americas 64. Dominion Resources, Inc. 65. DTE (Detroit Edison)Energy, Inc. 66

  9. The Metadatabase for Manufacturing Systems Integration Cheng Hsu1, Gilbert Babin2, M'hamed Bouziane3, Waiman Cheung2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Cheng

    (ALCOA, Digital Equipment Corporation, GE, General Motors, IBM and others) through Rensselaer's Computer3, Waiman Cheung2, Laurie Rattner4, Lester Yee2 Department of Decision Sciences and Engineering@RPITSMTS 1 Associate Professor of Decision Sciences and Engineering System, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

  10. October 18, 2002 comment@bpa.gov Stephen J. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be allowed to purchase an equivalent amount of federal power at the 7(c) rate. As discussed in Alcoa to perform on its power purchase agreement with BPA. Thus, there would be no costs that BPA must recover from1 October 18, 2002 comment@bpa.gov Stephen J. Wright Administrator Bonneville Power Administration

  11. ooking for proof that climate change is happening? Stop looking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    . For example, Alcoa has developed a new process technology that improves opera- tions while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the smelting process. Looking ahead, the company sees an opportunity in recycling petrochemical feedstocks. This year, the company announced a partnership with BP to develop, produce and market

  12. Fluid Bed Waste Heat Boiler Operating Experience in Dirty Gas Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreeger, A. H.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first industrial fluid bed waste heat boiler in the U. S. is operating on an aluminium melting furnace at the ALCOA Massena Integrated Aluminum Works in upstate New York. Waste heat from an aluminum melting furnace is captured for general plant...

  13. Engineering Professional Development www.engineering.uiowa.edu/epd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casavant, Tom

    Corporation Civco Medical Solutions Cook Medical DuPont Industrial Biosciences DST Systems, Inc. Eaton Alcoa Alliant Energy Andersen Corporation Barr Engineering Braun Intertec Cargill Centro, Inc. Cerner Corporation EFCO Corp. Emerson Process Management-Fisher Epic ESCO Group Fast Enterprises, LLC FBI Federal

  14. Matching Gift Companies LEHIGH UNIVERSITY 1 Abbott Laboratories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Foundation Dow Chemical Foundation The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation Foundation The Eaton Charitable Fund Eli AkzoNobel Foundation Albemarle Corporation Alcoa Foundation Alliance Capital Management, LP Alstom-Busch Foundation Aon Foundation ARAMARK Corporation Arch Chemicals, Inc. Armstrong Foundation Astoria Federal

  15. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2012, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Use: In 2012, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters were closed temporarily quarter of 2012, the leading U.S. aluminum producer announced that its smelter in Alcoa, TN, which had potlines at its Rockdale, TX, smelter also would be permanently closed. Failure to obtain favorable power

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior March 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as reasons for the filing. An asset purchase agreement was signed with Smelter Acquisition, LLC [a subsidiary approval. The 260,000-metric-ton-per- year (t/yr) primary aluminum smelter in Hannibal and the 540,000-t). Alcoa Inc. (Pittsburgh, PA) restarted a combined 25,000 t/yr of capacity at two of its smelters in Spain

  17. Evaluation of trends in high temperature extremes in north-western Europe in regional climate This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    . There is also no significant correlation between the RCM Tann.max trends and trends in radiation or Bowen ratio of the work, journal citation and DOI. number of regions in the world (Clark et al 2006, Fischer and Sch

  18. First Last Affiliation Janet Barsey U.S. Department of Energy

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    First Last Affiliation Janet Barsey U.S. Department of Energy Carol Berrigan NEI David Blee US Nuclear Infrastructure Council Brandi Boniface University of Florida Matt Bowen U.S....

  19. Exam 3 Seating in MATH 175

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Ronyelle Smith. E17. Timothy Bowen. F4. Tyler Pearson. F6. Ryan Isaac. F9. William Russell. F15. Emily Peterson. F18. Ernest Johnson. G4. Kathleen Carter.

  20. GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION ASSESSMENT AND INTERPRETATION, KLAMATH BASIN, OREGON-SWAN LAKE AND KLAMATH HILLS AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1966, Energy and power of geothermal resources: Dept. o fTelluric exploration for geothermal anomalies i n Oregon:Bowen, R.G. , 1972, Geothermal o v k i e w s of t h e '

  1. LS-4~ GROUND VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS NEAR THE SITE OF THE PROPOSED

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ANL LIGHT SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY by D.L. McCown and R. Bowen Geoscience and Engineering Energy and Environmental Systems Division January 23, 1986 SUMMARY LS-4'l D. L....

  2. ATTEMPTS TOISOLATE BOVINE LEUKEMIA AND BOVINE SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES FROM BLOOD,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by embryo transfer (Mitchell and Betteridge, 1977 ; Betteridge, 1978 ; Bowen, 1979 ; Waters, 1981), which indicates that the probability of congenital transmission varies from one disease to ano- ther (reviewed

  3. Microstructural characterization of superplastic aluminum-lithium alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasubramanian, Rajasekaran

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studied viz. , Alcoa 2090-OE16 and Alcan 8090. Tests were conducted at a back pressure of 400 p. s. i. and in some cases at atmospheric pressure. Most of the samples were pulled to failure, but in selected cases the tests were interrupted at different.... The results indicate that signiflcant grain growth occurs both statically and dynamically in the tested samples. Significant dislocation activity is observed in the interior of the grains, which retain their equiaxed shape during superplastic deformation...

  4. Fluid Bed Waste Heat Boiler Operating Experience in Dirty Gas Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreeger, A. H.

    FLUID BED WASTE HEAT BOILER OPERATING EXPERIENCE IN DIRTY GAS STREAMS Alan H. Kreeger. Aerojet Energy Conversion Company. Sacramento. California ABSTRACT The first industrial fluid bed waste heat boiler in the U. S. is operating... on an aluminium melting furnace at the ALCOA Massena Integrated Aluminum Works in upstate New York. Waste heat from an aluminum melting furnace is captured for general plant use for the first time in this plant. It is accomplished with advanced fluid bed heat...

  5. Investigation and technique in the fluorescent spectra examination of crude oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Gilbert Vester

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by chromato- graphy and distillation. The adsorbent was Alcoa activated alumina, chromatographic grade F-20. Support for the adsorbent was Pyrex brand glass fibre and cleaned B 0, A. sea sand. 11 DEVELOPl';, 'EI&T OF TEOHN IQUE Fluorescent intensity... the eluating power of the developer. Alumina was used as the adsorbent. It was pre- treated with nitric acid, washed with water, then alcohol and finally activated by heating two hours at 165 C under vacuum ($0). The adsorbent was slurried into the column...

  6. Galvanic corrosion of structural aluminum coupled with mild steel in a dilute sodium dichromate electrolyte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Robert Franklin

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -steel couple with a large cathode-to-anode area ratio in seawater were not available; however, a sacrificial anode cathodic protection system approx- imates this test and may be used for comparison. The coulomb capacity of an Alcoa CB-75 anode is 700 ampere... the forty-day test period: tap water solution ? 2. 37 ampere-hours sodium dicnroma e solution - 3. 88 ampere hours Du Pont solution ? 6. 47 ampere-hours seawater - 38 amr ere-hours distilled water ? . 05 ampere-hours The coulomb capacity...

  7. Alden Large Flume | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump to:

  8. Alden Small Flume | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump to:Flume

  9. Alden Tow Tank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump to:FlumeBasic

  10. Alden Wave Basin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump

  11. Alevine's blog

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa Jump

  12. Alexandria Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa JumpAlexandria

  13. Alexandria, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoa

  14. Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc (Kansas) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfa Electric

  15. Alfalfa Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfa

  16. Algeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfat Country

  17. Aligning Utility Interests with Energy Efficiency Objectives: A Review of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfat

  18. Alite Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfatAlite Wind

  19. All | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfatAlite WindAll

  20. Allamakee-Clayton El Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchAlcoaAlfalfatAlite

  1. Securing Financial Incentives for Energy Efficiency Projects: How to Create Corporate Support

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle| DepartmentAchievementEnergy ICCPSecureProgramAlcoa

  2. QER - Comment of American petroleum Institute (API) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+ ReportEnergyProvidingPumpkin Power:Quality AssuranceAlcoa

  3. Summary of group activities in 2007 1. THEORETICAL NUCLEAR PHYSICS GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sano, Masaki

    energy colliding hadrons/nuclei. References [1] A. Gade, P. Adrich, D. Bazin, M. D. Bowen, B. A. Brown, C. M. Campbell, J. M. Cook, S. Ettenauer, T. Glasmacher, K. W. Kemper, S. McDaniel, A. Obertelli, T. Otsuka, A. Ratkiewicz, K. Siwek, J. R. Terry, J. A. Tostevin, Y. Utsuno, and D. Weisshaar, "Spectroscopy

  4. Ris-R-1347(EN) First Joint Chinese-Danish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    microstructures in metals such as aluminium and steel alloys produced by techniques such as surface mechanical of deformation and recovery microstructures in aluminium alloys 23 Claire Y. Barlow Orientation correlations in aluminium deformed by ECAE 25 Jacob R. Bowen, Oleg. V. Mishin, Philip B. Prangnell and Dorte Juul Jensen

  5. March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    Test No. 2 March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132 Spring 1999, Bowen Page 1jdb_260.wpd Test Format in Closed Conduits (32 points) Water runs from an upper reservoir, through a turbine, to a lower reservoir, as shown below. Assuming the turbine is 80% efficient in converting the water power to mechanical power

  6. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Internet (18)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Robert

    Hamilton NY Conversation Copywriter New York NY Deutsch, Inc Assistant Media Planner New York NY Digitas English Teacher Hollandale MS Initiative Media Ass't Media Buyer/National Broadcast New York NY JRK New York NY Maxus Global Media Assistant to Media Planner New York NY McGarryBowen Assistant Media

  7. 4Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry Vol. 75 pp. 79-107, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downs, Robert T.

    4Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry Vol. 75 pp. 79-107, 2013 Copyright Mineralogical Society of silicate minerals in igneous rocks (Bowen 1915, 1928), implies that Earth's crustal mineralogy has changed of the mineralogical record has led to a growing realization that varied physical, chemical, and biological processes

  8. LSU School of Renewable Natural Resources Thesis and Dissertations: 2006 to 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LSU School of Renewable Natural Resources Thesis and Dissertations: 2006 to 2013 1 THESES AND DISSERTATIONS ACCEPTED BY THE LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES 2006 ­ May 2013 Revised 31 May 2013 by Mary S. Bowen, Research Associate/Coordinator School of Renewable Natural Resources

  9. LSU School of Renewable Natural Resources Thesis and Dissertations addendum: 2002 to 2005, with PDF links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LSU School of Renewable Natural Resources Thesis and Dissertations addendum: 2002 to 2005, with PDF links 1 THESES AND DISSERTATIONS ACCEPTED BY THE LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES 2002 - 2005 Revised 31 May 2013 by Mary S. Bowen, Research Associate/Coordinator School

  10. EVALUATION OF PARAMETERIZED SURFACE FLUXES WITH ARM OBSERVATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the United States Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 ABSTRACT Surface momentum the ARM measurements based on the EC (Eddy- Correlation) and EBBR (Energy Balance Bowen Ratio) methods Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Managed by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC

  11. OFFLINE EVALUATION OF SIX SURFACE LAYER PARAMETERIZATION SCHEMES AGAINST OBSERVATIONS AT THE ARM SGP SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and EBBR (Energy Balance Bowen Ratio) methods. To minimize potential feedback influences resulting from. The publisher by accepting the manuscript for publication acknowledges that the United States Government retains of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes. BNL-94806-2011-AB #12;

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013WR014581

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    conducted using data from three regions (humid-arid) in the South Central United States as case studies is the linchpin to developing a greater understanding of the water and energy balance of a region. Limited networks of ET monitoring stations (e.g., weighing lysimeters, energy balance Bowen ratio systems, or eddy

  13. Water Resources Advisory Panel Updates By Rachael Herpel,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    of this project. UNL's Suat Irmak described how the Bowen ratio energy balance system (BREBS) is being used-by-side with same plant variety, same soil type, same irrigation system and irrigation management, same planting feet to be taller than the Phragmites being studied. Water quality monitoring equipment was also

  14. http://oae.sagepub.com/ Organization & Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    global sustainability. Keywords China, energy, environmental impacts, labor migration, natural capital different forms of capitals at China'sWolong Nature Reserve, where the consumption of an important aspect contributions from political science and philosophy (C. D. Becker & Ostrom, 1995; Bowen & Zapata, 2009; Clark

  15. MTRG, Poilo Final Report, April 2003 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exeter, University of

    molecular methods (Bowen et al. 1992) suggesting a fundamental split into those populations from and Carr 1987); Suriname; (Shulz 1975);Aves Island (Venezuela; Sole and Medina 1989); and Trinidade (Brazil the other species is scant but data collected in recent years has shown the green turtle population nesting

  16. Information Security Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Security Guide For Government Executives Pauline Bowen Elizabeth Chew Joan Hash #12; Table of Contents Introduction 1 Why do I need to invest in information security? 2 Where do I need to focus my attention in accomplishing critical information security goals? 4 What are the key activities

  17. LIM Institut fur Meteorologie, Universitat Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany On the Inuence of Surface Heterogeneity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    time scales, the latter does not hold true. Several investigators have found that the local energy-budget is not closed exactly, even over the long term. This so- called `non-closure' of the local energy the strategy of dominant surface type, the margin of error in the regional Bowen- ratio depends

  18. Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bowen, Ben

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab's Ben Bowen discusses "Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas. Go here to watch the entire event with all 8 speakers.

  19. Senate Bill No. 1776 CHAPTER 245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Secretary of State August 23, 2004.] LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST SB 1776, Bowen. Electrical energy: thermal that the price for the generation of electricity is determined by a competitive market. Existing law, until powerplants. Existing law provides for the restructuring of California's electric power industry so

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 46454666, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/4645/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    (midday Bowen ratio 1.4­1.6) and latent heat in winter (0.05­0.7). A significant proportion of energy, such as identifying suitable sites for wind power generation (Heath et al., 2007) or assessing the effect of building of strategies for sustainable water supplies (Mitchell et al., 2008) or thermal comfort (Lindberg and Grimmond

  1. March 2014 Visual Sample Plan Version 7.08.1 8.0 References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ." Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 74, No. 368. p. 829-836. Cochran, W.G. 1977). Approximate is better than "exact" for interval estimation of binomial proportions. The American Statistician, 52(2), 119-126. Bowen, M.W. and C.A. Bennett. 1988. Statistical Methods for Nuclear Material

  2. Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowen, Ben

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab's Ben Bowen discusses "Coming to a hospital near you: mass spectrometry imaging" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas. Go here to watch the entire event with all 8 speakers.

  3. he stable-hydrogen isotope ratio (D/H or 2H/1H, conventionally expressed as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    T he stable-hydrogen isotope ratio (D/H or 2H/1H, conventionally expressed as D) in bird feathers; Bowen et al. 2005; Votier et al. 2009). Because hydrogen in consumer tissues can ultimately be traced feathers (showing stable-hydrogen isotope characteristics typical of Siberia) and first-winter feathers

  4. TIME (GMT = LOCAL + 3h] Figure 3. Solar irradiance (7.5-nanometer bandwidth at half-height)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moline, Mark

    Stamnes, K, J. Slusser, and M. Bowen. 1991. Derivation of total ozone abundance and cloud effects from of the effect of UV radiation on the antarctic ecosystem. The impact of UV radiation on primary producers, and Prezelin in press) antarctic phytoplankton communities, and . to determine the UV inhibition effects on key

  5. But its Just a Joke!: Latino Audiences Primed Reactions to Latino Comedians and their Use of Race-Based Humor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Amanda

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    who assisted me with data collection: Kevin Cosgriff-Hernandez, Lauren Lemley, Jill Yamasaki, Joseph Sample, Bill Pogue, Britney Hibbeler, Diana Bowen, John Dillard, Susan Osterberg, Philip Emery, Nicolas Rangel, and Brent Goff. Without... on each other for social support through the ups and downs of graduate school. I am grateful to have cultivated friendships with the following wonderful individuals in particular: Xi Cui, Anisah Kasim, Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Masha Sukovic, Kevin Cosgriff...

  6. The effects of Bio-Mos on lamb growth and immune function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thayne, Jeffrey Thomas

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    infections could limit growth and feed efficiency (Gustafson and Bowen, 1997). The use of antibiotics for prophylaxis is utilized within the industry, however these methods differ from products that are associated with changing ruminal fermentation.... It provides an economic benefit in terms of feed efficiency (an average 7.5% improvement; Goodrich et al., 1984), at least partly via its effect on ruminal fermentation (Wallace, 1994). Several other ionophores have been identified that provide similar...

  7. Large-magnitude miocene extension in the central Mojave Desert: Implications for Paleozoic to Tertiary paleogeography and tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, J. Douglas; Bartley, John M.; Glazner, Allen F.

    1990-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ., and D. J. DePaolo, Proterozoic crustal history of the western United States as determined by neodymium isotopic mapping, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 99, 674-685, 1987. Bowen, O. E., Geology and mineral deposits of the Barstow Quadrangle, San Bernardino... County, California, Bull. 165, 208 pp., Div. of Mines, Calif. Dep. of Nat. Resour., Sacramento, 1954. Burchfiel, B.C., and G. A. Davis, Mojave Desert and environs, in The Geotectonic Development of California, edited by W. G. Ernst, pp. 217...

  8. Effects of prescribed fire and varying stand basal area on nitrogen mineralization in a loblolly pine forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Bobby Glen

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by far the most common (Bowen and Smith, 1981), Soil NH4' and NO, concentrations at any particular time reflect rates of mineralization, immobilization, oxidation (nitrification), plant uptake, NH4' fixation, volatilization, denitrification... sites, and the microbial community could provide this mineralized N at a rate that could sustain such an ecosystem. 10 F c or Affectin Ni rifi tion The process of nitrification is more environmentally sensitive than that of ammonification...

  9. IMPACTS OF SOIL MOISTURE VARIABILITY ON CONVECTIVE PRECIPITATION IN THE CENTRAL PLAINS THROUGH LAND-ATMOSPHERE FEEDBACKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Aubrey R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    of cummulative precipitation for a) FC b) 50FC c) WP ............ 31 Figure 4. Precipitation summed over the domain for the 12 day period for each model run............................................................................................................................ 66 Figure 17. Scatter plots of soil moisture versus Bowen ratio (top) a) FC b) 50FC c) WP and soil moisture versus net radiation (bottom) d) FC e) 50FC f) WP for the 4 km runs...

  10. Commercial demonstration of the NOXSO SO{sub 2}/NO{sub x} removal flue gas cleanup system. Quarterly technical progress report No. 15, September 1, 1994--November 30, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the NOXSO Demonstration Project (NDP), with cost-shared funding support from DOE, is to design, construct, and operate a commercial-scale flue gas cleanup system utilizing the NOXSO process. The NDP consists of the NOXSO plant and sulfur recovery unit, designed to remove SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} from flue gas and produce elemental sulfur by-product, and the liquid SO{sub 2} plant and air separation unit, designed to process the elemental sulfur into liquid SO{sub 2}. The NOXSO plant and sulfur recovery unit will be constructed at ALCOA Generating Corporation`s (AGC) Warrick Power Plant near Evansville, Indiana, and will treat all of the flue gas from the 150-MW Unit 2 boiler. The elemental sulfur produced will be shipped to the Olin Charleston Plant in Charleston, Tennessee, for conversion into liquid SO{sub 2}.

  11. Reduction of Annealing Times for Energy Conservation in Aluminum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony D. Rollett; Hasso Weiland; Mohammed Alvi; Abhijit Brahme

    2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Carnegie Mellon University was teamed with the Alcoa Technical Center with support from the US Dept. of Energy (Office of Industrial Technology) and the Pennsylvania Technology Investment Authority (PTIA) to make processing of aluminum less costly and more energy efficient. Researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering have investigated how annealing processes in the early stages of aluminum processing affect the structure and properties of the material. Annealing at high temperatures consumes significant amounts of time and energy. By making detailed measurements of the crystallography and morphology of internal structural changes they have generated new information that will provide a scientific basis for shortening processing times and consuming less energy during annealing.

  12. The correlation of carbohydrate/nitrogen ratios and rooting ability of Rosa multiflora stem cuttings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hambrick, Carroll Edward

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ION ~KmU MEDICINE SOW FORMATION ~KIT LEWIS SHALE 8 IMT MESA VERDE GROUP FAULT ~--M. . . . . (DA5HEO WHERE APPROKIMATE, DOTTED WHERE CDNCEALEDI BASIN AXIS (APFROXIMATE) W Y 0 MING I I j-43 HANNA 845(N O &42 I I I 0 108 105 Figure l... the Medicine Bow Formation. It consists of 2000 m of 1 ate Cretaceous to Paleocene cong lomeratic sandstone, sandstone, shale, and coal (Bowen, 1918). Ryan (1977) suggested that the Ferris sediments were deposited by a fluv iatile system originating...

  13. Differential Responses of Progesterone Receptor Membrane Component-1 (Pgrmc1) and the Classical Progesterone Receptor (Pgr) to 17?-Estradiol and Progesterone in Hippocampal Subregions that Support Synaptic Remodeling and Neurogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bali, Namrata; Arimoto, Jason M.; Iwata, Nahoko; Lin, Sharon W.; Zhao, Liqin; Brinton, Roberta Diaz; Morgan, Todd E.; Finch, Caleb E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : The Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study. Climacteric 8:312 11. Rapp SR, Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Henderson VW, Brunner RL,Manson JE, GassML, StefanickML, Lane DS, Hays J, Johnson KC, Coker LH, Dailey M, Bowen D 2003 Effect of estrogen plus progestin...:26512662 13. BrintonRD,ThompsonRF, FoyMR,BaudryM,Wang J, FinchCE, Morgan TE, Pike CJ, Mack WJ, Stanczyk FZ, Nilsen J 2008 Pro- gesterone receptors: form and function in brain. Front Neuroendo- crinol 29:313339 14. Thomas P 2008 Characteristics of membrane...

  14. The correlation of carbohydrate/nitrogen ratios and rooting ability of Rosa multiflora stem cuttings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hambrick, Carroll Edward

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ION ~KmU MEDICINE SOW FORMATION ~KIT LEWIS SHALE 8 IMT MESA VERDE GROUP FAULT ~--M. . . . . (DA5HEO WHERE APPROKIMATE, DOTTED WHERE CDNCEALEDI BASIN AXIS (APFROXIMATE) W Y 0 MING I I j-43 HANNA 845(N O &42 I I I 0 108 105 Figure l... the Medicine Bow Formation. It consists of 2000 m of 1 ate Cretaceous to Paleocene cong lomeratic sandstone, sandstone, shale, and coal (Bowen, 1918). Ryan (1977) suggested that the Ferris sediments were deposited by a fluv iatile system originating...

  15. Growth of Devitrite, Na2Ca3Si6O16, in Soda-Lime-Silica Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, Kevin M.; Thompson, Robert P.

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    be assumed that the refractive index is 1.52, following Hrma et al.,5 and it occurs as small spherulites with characteristic internal twinning arising from the ? ? ? cristobalite phase transition which occurs on cooling down to room temperature from a... as crystals ??6 ?? described by Hrma et al. as columnar and bladed.5 Also, unlike devitrite, it has a variable sign of elongation because the ? direction is parallel to the elongation.12 Both Morey and Bowen4 and Peck13 surmised that devitrite...

  16. The normal levels of immunoglobulins of the mare's uterus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergeron, Helene

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    [IgG, IgA, IgG(T)) were prepared. The plates were kept at 4 C in a moist chamber for at least 24 hours before being used. 32 Table 3 ? Approximate final concentration of antisera against horse IgG, IgA and IgG(T) after dilution Antrserum (against...) Charle L. d (Head of Department) August 1984 The Normal Levels of Immunoglobulins of the Mare's Uterus (August, 1984) Helene Bergeron, D. M. V. , Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. John M. Bowen The levels...

  17. Publications: 1) Scott, T.W. 1979. Growth and age determination of nestling Brown-headed Cowbirds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    :961-964. 9) Scott, T.W., G.S. Bowen and T.P. Monath. 1984. Effects of Fort Morgan virus, an alphavirus of mosquitoes. Insect Science and its Application. 8:617-622. 15) Scott, T.W., J.G. Olson, B.P. All III and E.P. Grumstrup-Scott, eds. Misc. Pub. ESA. pp. 9-17. 21) Hubbard, J.L., T.W. Scott, L.H. Lorenz, D.M. Watts and L.A

  18. Quantitative evaluation of bioturbation on the deep sea floor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guinasso, Norman Louis

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Bowen (1973) reported measurements of plutonium in six cores taken in 1969 through 1971 in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterran- ean Sea. Measurable amounts of plutonium were found at depths of the order of 10 cm below the surface in five of these cores... between 1 and 10 cd kyr r by invoking the assumption that mixing is proportional to biomass. Plutonium distributions in deep sea sedi- ments (Noshkin and Bowcn, 1973) indicate abyssal mixing rates ranging from 100-400 cmP kyr r . AC KN OWLE DGEMEN TS...

  19. Reduction of Carbon Footprint and Energy Efficiency Improvement in Aluminum Production by Use of Novel Wireless Instrumentation Integrated with Mathematical Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James W. Evans

    2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The work addressed the greenhouse gas emission and electrical energy consumption of the aluminum industry. The objective was to provide a means for reducing both through the application of wireless instrumentation, coupled to mathematical modeling. Worldwide the aluminum industry consumes more electrical energy than all activities in many major countries (e.g. the UK) and emits more greenhouse gasses (e.g. than France). Most of these excesses are in the 'primary production' of aluminum; that is the conversion of aluminum oxide to metal in large electrolytic cells operating at hundreds of thousands of amps. An industry-specific GHG emission has been the focus of the work. The electrolytic cells periodically, but at irregular intervals, experience an upset condition known as an 'anode effect'. During such anode effects the cells emit fluorinated hydrocarbons (PFCs, which have a high global warming potential) at a rate far greater than in normal operation. Therefore curbing anode effects will reduce GHG emissions. Prior work had indicated that the distribution of electrical current within the cell experiences significant shifts in the minutes before an anode effect. The thrust of the present work was to develop technology that could detect and report this early warning of an anode effect so that the control computer could minimize GHG emissions. A system was developed to achieve this goal and, in collaboration with Alcoa, was tested on two cells at an Alcoa plant in Malaga, Washington. The project has also pointed to the possibility of additional improvements that could result from the work. Notable among these is an improvement in efficiency that could result in an increase in cell output at little extra operating cost. Prospects for commercialization have emerged in the form of purchase orders for further installations. The work has demonstrated that a system for monitoring the current of individual anodes in an aluminum cell is practical. Furthermore the system has been installed twice on a smelter in the US without exposing workers to hazards usually associated with running signal wires in aluminum plants. The results display the early warning of an anode effect that potentially can be used to minimize such anode effects with their excessive GHG emissions. They also point to a possible, but substantial, economic benefit that could result in improved current efficiency by anode adjustment based on individual anode current measurements.

  20. Winter study of power plant effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrinos, A.A.N.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a part of DOE's Meteorological Effects of Thermal Energy Releases (METER) program a field study was undertaken at the Bowen Electric Generating Plant (Plant Bowen) in December 1979. The study was a joint endeavor of Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories (PNL), Pennsylvania State University (PSU), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with the main objective of determining the effects of the plant's smokestack effluents on aerosol characteristics and precipitation chemistry. Other objectives included studies of cooling tower temperature and humidity (T/h) plumes and drift drop concentrations. Conducted over a period of three weeks, the study involved an instrumented aircraft, pilot balloons, a tethered balloon system, a dense network of wetfall chemistry collectors and numerous ground- and tower-based meteorological instruments. Rainfall samples collected during the precipitation event of December 13, 1979, revealed some evidence of plume washout. The tethered balloon flights rarely detected the faint presence of the T/h plumes while the airborne measurements program concentrated on the study of SO/sub 2/ to sulfate conversion. A series of plume observations confirmed the suitability of the plant's windset for plume direction determinations.

  1. Production and screening of carbon products precursors from coal. Quarterly technical progress report and key personnel staffing report No. 3, July 1, 1995--Sepember 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tasks 1 and 2 involve preparation of a Project Management Plan and establishment of a Participants Agreement/Proprietary Information Agreement for members of the Carbon Products Consortium (CPC). These tasks are now complete. Task 3 is to provide a series of samples of solvent extracted coal to the CPC participants and to incorporate their feedback and suggestions into subsequent samples. As of September 30, 1995, UCAR has received two rounds of samples; Koppers has received one round of samples; ALCOA and AMOCO have not yet specified the types of samples they wish to receive; FMI has received one round of samples and has requested a rather large, five kilogram, sample of coal extracts to do multiple impregnation on a large carbon fiber preform. There are extensive communications between the WVU research team and the five industrial partners. Task 4, cooperation with MITRE on their preparation of an economic analysis of the solvent extraction, is complete. Task 5, Technology Transfer, is an on going endeavor with research team meetings, general CPC meetings, presentations of conference papers, and submission of required reports. The CPC is finally functioning as it has been envisioned, i.e., with the WVU solvent extracted coal materials being evaluated by several companies as precursor for their individual product lines. The companies are comparing the WVU materials with commercially available pitches and cokes.

  2. Report on the Predation Index, Predator Control Fisheries, and Program Evaluation for the Columbia River Basin Experimental Northern Pikeminnow Management Program, 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porter, Russell [Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission].

    2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents results for year seventeen in the basin-wide Experimental Northern Pikeminnow Management Program to harvest northern pikeminnow1 (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) in the Columbia and Snake Rivers. This program was started in an effort to reduce predation by northern pikeminnow on juvenile salmonids during their emigration from natal streams to the ocean. Earlier work in the Columbia River Basin suggested predation by northern pikeminnow on juvenile salmonids might account for most of the 10-20% mortality juvenile salmonids experience in each of eight Columbia River and Snake River reservoirs. Modeling simulations based on work in John Day Reservoir from 1982 through 1988 indicated that, if predator-size northern pikeminnow were exploited at a 10-20% rate, the resulting restructuring of their population could reduce their predation on juvenile salmonids by 50%. To test this hypothesis, we implemented a sport-reward angling fishery and a commercial longline fishery in the John Day Pool in 1990. We also conducted an angling fishery in areas inaccessible to the public at four dams on the mainstem Columbia River and at Ice Harbor Dam on the Snake River. Based on the success of these limited efforts, we implemented three test fisheries on a system-wide scale in 1991 - a tribal longline fishery above Bonneville Dam, a sport-reward fishery, and a dam-angling fishery. Low catch of target fish and high cost of implementation resulted in discontinuation of the tribal longline fishery. However, the sport-reward and dam-angling fisheries were continued in 1992 and 1993. In 1992, we investigated the feasibility of implementing a commercial longline fishery in the Columbia River below Bonneville Dam and found that implementation of this fishery was also infeasible. Estimates of combined annual exploitation rates resulting from the sport-reward and dam-angling fisheries remained at the low end of our target range of 10-20%. This suggested the need for additional effective harvest techniques. During 1991 and 1992, we developed and tested a modified (small-sized) Merwin trapnet. We found this floating trapnet to be very effective in catching northern pikeminnow at specific sites. Consequently, in 1993 we examined a system-wide fishery using floating trapnets, but found this fishery to be ineffective at harvesting large numbers of northern pikeminnow on a system-wide scale. In 1994, we investigated the use of trap nets and gillnets at specific locations where concentrations of northern pikeminnow were known or suspected to occur during the spring season (i.e., March through early June). In addition, we initiated a concerted effort to increase public participation in the sport-reward fishery through a series of promotional and incentive activities. In 1995, 1996, and 1997, promotional activities and incentives were further improved based on the favorable response in 1994. Results of these efforts are subjects of this annual report. Evaluation of the success of test fisheries in achieving our target goal of a 10-20% annual exploitation rate on northern pikeminnow is presented in Report C of this report. Overall program success in terms of altering the size and age composition of the northern pikeminnow population and in terms of potential reductions in loss of juvenile salmonids to northern pikeminnow predation is also discussed in Report C. Program cooperators include the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC), Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), and the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal Damage Unit as a contractor to test Dam Angling. The PSMFC was responsible for coordination and administration of the program; PSMFC subcontracted various tasks and activities to ODFW and WDFW based on the expertise each brought to the tasks involved in implementing the program and dam angling to the USDA.

  3. Towards a wave--extraction method for numerical relativity: III. Analytical examples for the Beetle--Burko radiation scalar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lior M. Burko; Thomas W. Baumgarte; Christopher Beetle

    2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Beetle and Burko recently introduced a background--independent scalar curvature invariant for general relativity that carries information only about the gravitational radiation in generic spacetimes, in cases where such radiation is incontrovertibly defined. In this paper we adopt a formalism that only uses spatial data as they are used in numerical relativity and compute the Beetle--Burko radiation scalar for a number of analytical examples, specifically linearized Einstein--Rosen cylindrical waves, linearized quadrupole waves, the Kerr spacetime, Bowen--York initial data, and the Kasner spacetime. These examples illustrate how the Beetle--Burko radiation scalar can be used to examine the gravitational wave content of numerically generated spacetimes, and how it may provide a useful diagnostic for initial data sets.

  4. Refinery Integration of By-Products from Coal-Derived Jet Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caroline E. Burgess Clifford; Andre Boehman; Chunshan Song; Bruce Miller; Gareth Mitchell

    2006-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the accomplishments toward project goals during the first six months of the third year of the project to assess the properties and performance of coal based products. These products are in the gasoline, diesel and fuel oil range and result from coal based jet fuel production from an Air Force funded program. Specific areas of progress include generation of coal based material that has been fractionated into the desired refinery cuts, acquisition and installation of a research gasoline engine, and modification of diesel engines for use in evaluating diesel produced in the project. Characterization of the gasoline fuel indicates a dominance of single ring alkylcycloalkanes that have a low octane rating; however, blends containing these compounds do not have a negative effect upon gasoline when blended in refinery gasoline streams. Characterization of the diesel fuel indicates a dominance of 3-ring aromatics that have a low cetane value; however, these compounds do not have a negative effect upon diesel when blended in refinery diesel streams. The desulfurization of sulfur containing components of coal and petroleum is being studied so that effective conversion of blended coal and petroleum streams can be efficiently converted to useful refinery products. Equipment is now in place to begin fuel oil evaluations to assess the quality of coal based fuel oil. Combustion and characterization of fuel oil indicates that the fuel is somewhere in between a No. 4 and a No. 6 fuel oil. Emission testing indicates the fuel burns similarly to these two fuels, but trace metals for the coal-based material are different than petroleum-based fuel oils. Co-coking studies using cleaned coal are highly reproducible in the pilot-scale delayed coker. Evaluation of the coke by Alcoa, Inc. indicated that while the coke produced is of very good quality, the metals content of the carbon is still high in iron and silica. Coke is being evaluated for other possible uses. Methods to reduce metal content are being evaluated.

  5. Phase III Advanced Anodes and Cathodes Utilized in Energy Efficient Aluminum Production Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.A. Christini; R.K. Dawless; S.P. Ray; D.A. Weirauch, Jr.

    2001-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    During Phase I of the present program, Alcoa developed a commercial cell concept that has been estimated to save 30% of the energy required for aluminum smelting. Phase ii involved the construction of a pilot facility and operation of two pilots. Phase iii of the Advanced Anodes and Cathodes Program was aimed at bench experiments to permit the resolution of certain questions to be followed by three pilot cells. All of the milestones related to materials, in particular metal purity, were attained with distinct improvements over work in previous phases of the program. NiO additions to the ceramic phase and Ag additions to the Cu metal phase of the cermet improved corrosion resistance sufficiently that the bench scale pencil anodes met the purity milestones. Some excellent metal purity results have been obtained with anodes of the following composition: Further improvements in anode material composition appear to be dependent on a better understanding of oxide solubilities in molten cryolite. For that reason, work was commissioned with an outside consultant to model the MeO - cryolite systems. That work has led to a better understanding of which oxides can be used to substitute into the NiO-Fe2O3 ceramic phase to stabilize the ferrites and reduce their solubility in molten cryolite. An extensive number of vertical plate bench electrolysis cells were run to try to find conditions where high current efficiencies could be attained. TiB2-G plates were very inconsistent and led to poor wetting and drainage. Pure TiB2 did produce good current efficiencies at small overlaps (shadowing) between the anodes and cathodes. This bench work with vertical plate anodes and cathodes reinforced the importance of good cathode wetting to attain high current efficiencies. Because of those conclusions, new wetting work was commissioned and became a major component of the research during the third year of Phase III. While significant progress was made in several areas, much work needs to be done. The anode composition needs further improvements to attain commercial purity targets. At the present corrosion rate, the vertical plate anodes will wear too rapidly leading to a rapidly increasing anode-cathode gap and thermal instabilities in the cell. Cathode wetting as a function of both cathode plate composition and bath composition needs to be better understood to ensure that complete drainage of the molten aluminum off the plates occurs. Metal buildup appears to lead to back reaction and low current efficiencies.

  6. Effects of main-sequence mass loss on the turnoff ages of globular clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guzik, J.A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Willson, Bowen, and Struck-Marcell have proposed that globular cluster main-sequence turnoff ages can be reconciled with the lower ages of the Galaxy and universe deduced from other methods by incorporating an epoch of early main-sequence mass-loss by stars of spectral types A through early-F. The proposed mass loss is pulsation-driven, and facilitated by rapid rotation. This paper presents stellar evolution calculations of Pop. II (Z = 0.001) mass-losing stars of initial mass 0.8 to 1.6 M/sub /circle dot//, with exponentially-decreasing mass loss rates of e-folding times 0.5 to 2.0 Gyr, evolving to a final mass of 0.7 M/sub /circle dot//. The calculations indicate that a globular cluster with apparent turnoff age 18 Gyr could have an actual age as low as /approximately/12 Gyr. Observational implications that may help to verify the hypothesis, e.g. low C/N abundance ratios among red giants following first dredge-up, blue stragglers, red giant deficiencies, and signatures in cluster mass/luminosity functions, are also discussed.25 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Boron-Loaded Silicone Rubber Scintillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, Z.W.; Maya, L.; Brown, G.M.; Sloop, F.V.Jr

    2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicone rubber received attention as an alternative to polyvinyltoluene in applications in which the scintillator is exposed to high doses because of the increased resistance of the rubber to the formation of blue-absorbing color centers. Work by Bowen, et al., and Harmon, et al., demonstrated their properties under gamma/x-ray irradiation, and Bell, et al. have shown their response to thermal neutrons. This last work, however, provided an example of a silicone in which both the boron and the scintillator were contained in the rubber as solutes, a formulation which led to the precipitation of solids and sublimation of the boron component. In the present work we describe a scintillator in which the boron is chemically bonded to the siloxane and so avoids the problem of precipitation and loss of boron to sublimation. Material containing up to 18% boron, by weight, was prepared, mounted on photomultipliers, and exposed to both neutron and gamma fluxes. Pulse height spectra showing the neutron and photon response were obtained, and although the light output was found to be much poorer than from samples in which boron was dissolved, the higher boron concentrations enabled essentially 100% neutron absorption in only a few millimeters' thickness of rubber.

  8. New Puncture Initial Data for Black-Hole Binaries: High Spins and High Boosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian Ruchlin; James Healy; Carlos O. Lousto; Yosef Zlochower

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve the Hamiltonian and momentum constraints of General Relativity for two black-holes with nearly extremal spins or ultra-relativistic boosts in the puncture formalism. We use a non-conformally-flat ansatz with an attenuated superposition of two conformally Kerr or Lorentz-boosted-Schwarzschild 3-metrics and their corresponding extrinsic curvatures. We compare evolutions of these data with the standard Bowen-York conformally-flat ansatz (technically limited to intrinsic spins $S/M_{\\text{ADM}}^2 = 0.928$ and boosts $P/M_{\\text{ADM}} = 0.897$), finding an order of magnitude smaller burst of spurious radiation. As a case study, we evolve two equal-mass black-holes from rest with an initial separation of $d = 12M$ and spins $S_i/m_i^2 = 0.99$, compute the waveforms produced by the collision, the energy radiated, and the recoil of the final remnant black-hole. We find that the black-hole trajectories curve at closer separation, which leads to the radiation of angular momentum. We also study orbiting (nonspinning) black-hole binaries and binaries with the two black-holes boosted towards each other at relativistic speeds. These non-spinning data also show a substantial reduction in the non-physical initial burst of radiation which leads to cleaner waveforms. Finally, we study different choices of the initial lapse and lapse evolution equation in the moving punctures approach to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the simulations.

  9. Improved methods for simulating nearly extremal binary black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark A. Scheel; Matthew Giesler; Daniel A. Hemberger; Geoffrey Lovelace; Kevin Kuper; Michael Boyle; Bela Szilagyi; Lawrence E. Kidder

    2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Astrophysical black holes could be nearly extremal (that is, rotating nearly as fast as possible); therefore, nearly extremal black holes could be among the binaries that current and future gravitational-wave observatories will detect. Predicting the gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes requires numerical-relativity simulations, but these simulations are especially challenging when one or both holes have mass $m$ and spin $S$ exceeding the Bowen-York limit of $S/m^2=0.93$. We present improved methods that enable us to simulate merging, nearly extremal black holes more robustly and more efficiently. We use these methods to simulate an unequal-mass, precessing binary black hole coalescence, where the larger black hole has $S/m^2=0.99$. We also use these methods to simulate a non-precessing binary black hole coalescence, where both black holes have $S/m^2=0.994$, nearly reaching the Novikov-Thorne upper bound for holes spun up by thin accretion disks. We demonstrate numerical convergence and estimate the numerical errors of the waveforms; we compare numerical waveforms from our simulations with post-Newtonian and effective-one-body waveforms; we compare the evolution of the black-hole masses and spins with analytic predictions; and we explore the effect of increasing spin magnitude on the orbital dynamics (the so-called "orbital hangup" effect).

  10. Strong converse exponents for a quantum channel discrimination problem and quantum-feedback-assisted communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Cooney; Miln Mosonyi; Mark M. Wilde

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies the difficulty of discriminating between an arbitrary quantum channel and a "replacer" channel that discards its input and replaces it with a fixed state. The results obtained here generalize those known in the theory of quantum hypothesis testing for binary state discrimination. We show that, in this particular setting, the most general adaptive discrimination strategies provide no asymptotic advantage over non-adaptive tensor-power strategies. This conclusion follows by proving a quantum Stein's lemma for this channel discrimination setting, showing that a constant bound on the Type I error leads to the Type II error decreasing to zero exponentially quickly at a rate determined by the maximum relative entropy registered between the channels. The strong converse part of the lemma states that any attempt to make the Type II error decay to zero at a rate faster than the channel relative entropy implies that the Type I error necessarily converges to one. We then refine this latter result by identifying the optimal strong converse exponent for this task. As a consequence of these results, we can establish a strong converse theorem for the quantum-feedback-assisted capacity of a channel, sharpening a result due to Bowen. Furthermore, our channel discrimination result demonstrates the asymptotic optimality of a non-adaptive tensor-power strategy in the setting of quantum illumination, as was used in prior work on the topic. The sandwiched Renyi relative entropy is a key tool in our analysis. Finally, by combining our results with recent results of Hayashi and Tomamichel, we find a novel operational of the mutual information of a quantum channel N as the optimal type II error exponent when discriminating between a large number of independent instances of N and an arbitrary "worst-case" replacer channel chosen from the set of all replacer channels.

  11. Precision ephemerides for gravitational-wave searches. I. Sco X-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galloway, Duncan K.; Premachandra, Sammanani [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia); Steeghs, Danny; Marsh, Tom [Department of Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics Group, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Casares, Jorge; Cornelisse, Rmon, E-mail: Duncan.Galloway@monash.edu [Instituto de Astrofsica, E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapidly rotating neutron stars are the only candidates for persistent high-frequency gravitational wave emission, for which a targeted search can be performed based on the spin period measured from electromagnetic (e.g., radio and X-ray) observations. The principal factor determining the sensitivity of such searches is the measurement precision of the physical parameters of the system. Neutron stars in X-ray binaries present additional computational demands for searches due to the uncertainty in the binary parameters. We present the results of a pilot study with the goal of improving the measurement precision of binary orbital parameters for candidate gravitational wave sources. We observed the optical counterpart of Sco X-1 in 2011 June with the William Herschel Telescope and also made use of Very Large Telescope observations in 2011 to provide an additional epoch of radial-velocity measurements to earlier measurements in 1999. From a circular orbit fit to the combined data set, we obtained an improvement of a factor of 2 in the orbital period precision and a factor of 2.5 in the epoch of inferior conjunction T {sub 0}. While the new orbital period is consistent with the previous value of Gottlieb et al., the new T {sub 0} (and the amplitude of variation of the Bowen line velocities) exhibited a significant shift, which we attribute to variations in the emission geometry with epoch. We propagate the uncertainties on these parameters through to the expected Advanced LIGO-Virgo detector network observation epochs and quantify the improvement obtained with additional optical observations.

  12. Statistics applied to safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picard, R.R.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical methods are central to safeguards work. Measurements forming the basis of much materials accountancy are not perfect - ``perfect`` in the sense of being error free. Other sessions in this course address the destructive and nondestructive measurement of nuclear material, together with the inherent limitations in those measurements. The bottom line is that measurement errors are a fact of life and, since we can`t eliminate them, we have to find a rational way to deal with them. Which leads to the world of statistics. Beyond dealing with measurement errors, another area of statistical application involves the sampling of items for verification. Inspectors from the IAEA and domestic regulatory agencies periodically visit operating facilities and make measurements of selected items. By comparing their own measured values to those declared by the facilities, increased confidence is obtained. If verification measurements were not expensive, time consuming, and disruptive to operations, perhaps verification of 100% of the inventories would be desirable. In reality, many constraints lead to inspection of only a portion of those inventories. Drawing inferences about a larger ``population`` of declared items in a facility based on verification information obtained from a sample of those items is a statistical problem. There are few texts on statistics in safeguards. The lengthy exposition ``IAEA Safeguards: Statistical Concepts and Techniques`` and the US NRC book edited by Bowen and Bennet are two good sources of general information. In the next section, the subject of measurement quality is addressed. The third section covers the evaluation of MUFs, and discusses the related subjects of error propagation and sequential analysis. The final section covers verification, inspection sample size calculations, and the D statistic. The text is written at an elementary level, with references to the safeguards literature for more detailed treatment.

  13. Statistics applied to safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picard, R.R.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical methods are central to safeguards work. Measurements forming the basis of much materials accountancy are not perfect - perfect'' in the sense of being error free. Other sessions in this course address the destructive and nondestructive measurement of nuclear material, together with the inherent limitations in those measurements. The bottom line is that measurement errors are a fact of life and, since we can't eliminate them, we have to find a rational way to deal with them. Which leads to the world of statistics. Beyond dealing with measurement errors, another area of statistical application involves the sampling of items for verification. Inspectors from the IAEA and domestic regulatory agencies periodically visit operating facilities and make measurements of selected items. By comparing their own measured values to those declared by the facilities, increased confidence is obtained. If verification measurements were not expensive, time consuming, and disruptive to operations, perhaps verification of 100% of the inventories would be desirable. In reality, many constraints lead to inspection of only a portion of those inventories. Drawing inferences about a larger population'' of declared items in a facility based on verification information obtained from a sample of those items is a statistical problem. There are few texts on statistics in safeguards. The lengthy exposition IAEA Safeguards: Statistical Concepts and Techniques'' and the US NRC book edited by Bowen and Bennet are two good sources of general information. In the next section, the subject of measurement quality is addressed. The third section covers the evaluation of MUFs, and discusses the related subjects of error propagation and sequential analysis. The final section covers verification, inspection sample size calculations, and the D statistic. The text is written at an elementary level, with references to the safeguards literature for more detailed treatment.

  14. Recovery Act: Innovative CO2 Sequestration from Flue Gas Using Industrial Sources and Innovative Concept for Beneficial CO2 Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dando, Neal; Gershenzon, Mike; Ghosh, Rajat

    2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    field testing of a biomimetic in-duct scrubbing system for the capture of gaseous CO2 coupled with sequestration of captured carbon by carbonation of alkaline industrial wastes. The Phase 2 project, reported on here, combined efforts in enzyme development, scrubber optimization, and sequestrant evaluations to perform an economic feasibility study of technology deployment. The optimization of carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme reactivity and stability are critical steps in deployment of this technology. A variety of CA enzyme variants were evaluated for reactivity and stability in both bench scale and in laboratory pilot scale testing to determine current limits in enzyme performance. Optimization of scrubber design allowed for improved process economics while maintaining desired capture efficiencies. A range of configurations, materials, and operating conditions were examined at the Alcoa Technical Center on a pilot scale scrubber. This work indicated that a cross current flow utilizing a specialized gas-liquid contactor offered the lowest system operating energy. Various industrial waste materials were evaluated as sources of alkalinity for the scrubber feed solution and as sources of calcium for precipitation of carbonate. Solids were mixed with a simulated sodium bicarbonate scrubber blowdown to comparatively examine reactivity. Supernatant solutions and post-test solids were analyzed to quantify and model the sequestration reactions. The best performing solids were found to sequester between 2.3 and 2.9 moles of CO2 per kg of dry solid in 1-4 hours of reaction time. These best performing solids were cement kiln dust, circulating dry scrubber ash, and spray dryer absorber ash. A techno-economic analysis was performed to evaluate the commercial viability of the proposed carbon capture and sequestration process in full-scale at an aluminum smelter and a refinery location. For both cases the in-duct scrubber technology was compared to traditional amine- based capture. Incorporation of the laboratory results showed that for the application at the aluminum smelter, the in-duct scrubber system is more economical than traditional methods. However, the reverse is true for the refinery case, where the bauxite residue is not effective enough as a sequestrant, combined with challenges related to contaminants in the bauxite residue accumulating in and fouling the scrubber absorbent. Sensitivity analyses showed that the critical variables by which process economics could be improved are enzyme concentration, efficiency, and half-life. At the end of the first part of the Phase 2 project, a gate review (DOE Decision Zero Gate Point) was conducted to decide on the next stages of the project. The original plan was to follow the pre-testing phase with a detailed design for the field testing. Unfavorable process economics, however, resulted in a decision to conclude the project before moving to field testing. It is noted that CO2 Solutions proposed an initial solution to reduce process costs through more advanced enzyme management, however, DOE program requirements restricting any technology development extending beyond 2014 as commercial deployment timeline did not allow this solution to be undertaken.

  15. Stand-Level Gas-Exchange Responses to Seasonal Drought in Very Young Versus Old Douglas-fir Forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wharton, S; Schroeder, M; Bible, K; Falk, M; Paw U, K T

    2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines how stand age affects ecosystem mass and energy exchange response to seasonal drought in three adjacent Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) forests. The sites include two early seral stands (ES) (0-15 years old) and an old-growth (OG) ({approx} 450-500) forest in the Wind River Experiment Forest, Washington, USA. We use eddy covariance flux measurements of carbon dioxide (F{sub NEE}), latent energy ({lambda}E) and sensible heat (H) to derive evapotranspiration rate (E{sub T}), bowen ratio ({beta}), water use efficiency (WUE), canopy conductance (G{sub c}), the Priestley-Taylor coefficient ({alpha}) and a canopy decoupling factor ({Omega}). The canopy and bulk parameters are examined to see how ecophysiological responses to water stress, including changes in available soil water ({theta}{sub r}) and vapor pressure deficit ({delta}e) differ among the two forest successional-stages. Despite very different rainfall patterns in 2006 and 2007, we observed distinct successional-stage relationships between E{sub T}, {alpha}, and G{sub c} to {delta}e and {theta}{sub r} during both years. The largest stand differences were (1) higher morning G{sub c} (> 10 mm s{sup -1}) at the OG forest coinciding with higher CO{sub 2} uptake (F{sub NEE} = -9 to -6 {micro}mol m{sup -2} s{sup -1}) but a strong negative response in G{sub c} to moderate {delta}e later in the day and a subsequent reduction in E{sub T}, and (2) higher E{sub T} at the ES stands because midday canopy conductance did not decrease until very low water availability levels (<30%) were reached at the end of the summer. Our results suggest that early seral stands are more likely than mature forests to experience declines in production if the summer drought becomes longer or intensifies because water conserving ecophysiological responses were only observed at the very end of the seasonal drought period in the youngest stands.

  16. Neptunium Transport Behavior in the Vicinity of Underground Nuclear Tests at the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, P; Tinnacher, R M; Zavarin, M; Williams, R W; Kersting, A B

    2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We used short lived {sup 239}Np as a yield tracer and state of the art magnetic sector ICP-MS to measure ultra low levels of {sup 237}Np in a number of 'hot wells' at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly known as the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The results indicate that {sup 237}Np concentrations at the Almendro, Cambric, Dalhart, Cheshire and Chancellor sites, are in the range of 3 x 10{sup -5} to 7 x 10{sup -2} pCi/L and well below the MCL for alpha emitting radionuclides (15 pCi/L) (EPA, 2009). Thus, while Np transport is believed to occur at the NNSS, activities are expected to be well below the regulatory limits for alpha-emitting radionuclides. We also compared {sup 237}Np concentration data to other radionuclides, including tritium, {sup 14}C, {sup 36}Cl, {sup 99}Tc, {sup 129}I, and plutonium, to evaluate the relative {sup 237}Np transport behavior. Based on isotope ratios relative to published unclassified Radiologic Source Terms (Bowen et al., 1999) and taking into consideration radionuclide distribution between melt glass, rubble and groundwater (IAEA, 1998), {sup 237}Np appears to be substantially less mobile than tritium and other non-sorbing radionuclides, as expected. However, this analysis also suggests that {sup 237}Np mobility is surprisingly similar to that of plutonium. The similar transport behavior of Np and Pu can be explained by one of two possibilities: (1) Np(IV) and Pu(IV) oxidation states dominate under mildly reducing NNSS groundwater conditions resulting in similar transport behavior or (2) apparent Np transport is the result of transport of its parent {sup 241}Pu and {sup 241}Am isotopes and subsequent decay to {sup 237}Np. Finally, measured {sup 237}Np concentrations were compared to recent Hydrologic Source Term (HST) models. The 237Np data collected from three wells in Frenchman Flat (RNM-1, RNM-2S, and UE-5n) are in good agreement with recent HST transport model predictions (Carle et al., 2005). The agreement provides confidence in the results of the predictive model. The comparison to Cheshire HST model predictions (Pawloski et al, 2001) is somewhat ambiguous due to the low concentration resolution of the particle transport model.

  17. Radionuclide Partitioning in an Underground Nuclear Test Cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, T P; Hu, Q; Zhao, P; Conrado, C L; Dickerson, R; Eaton, G F; Kersting, A B; Moran, J E; Nimz, G; Powell, B A; Ramon, E C; Ryerson, F J; Williams, R W; Wooddy, P T; Zavarin, M

    2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, a borehole was drilled into the 1983 Chancellor underground nuclear test cavity to investigate the distribution of radionuclides within the cavity. Sidewall core samples were collected from a range of depths within the re-entry hole and two sidetrack holes. Upon completion of drilling, casing was installed and a submersible pump was used to collect groundwater samples. Test debris and groundwater samples were analyzed for a variety of radionuclides including the fission products {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 155}Eu, the activation products {sup 60}Co, {sup 152}Eu, and {sup 154}Eu, and the actinides U, Pu, and Am. In addition, the physical and bulk chemical properties of the test debris were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Microprobe measurements. Analytical results were used to evaluate the partitioning of radionuclides between the melt glass, rubble, and groundwater phases in the Chancellor test cavity. Three comparative approaches were used to calculate partitioning values, though each method could not be applied to every nuclide. These approaches are based on: (1) the average Area 19 inventory from Bowen et al. (2001); (2) melt glass, rubble, and groundwater mass estimates from Zhao et al. (2008); and (3) fission product mass yield data from England and Rider (1994). The U and Pu analyses of the test debris are classified and partitioning estimates for these elements were calculated directly from the classified Miller et al. (2002) inventory for the Chancellor test. The partitioning results from this study were compared to partitioning data that were previously published by the IAEA (1998). Predictions of radionuclide distributions from the two studies are in agreement for a majority of the nuclides under consideration. Substantial differences were noted in the partitioning values for {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, and uranium. These differences are attributable to two factors: chemical volatility effects that occur during the initial plasma condensation, and groundwater remobilization that occurs over a much longer time frame. Fission product partitioning is very sensitive to the early cooling history of the test cavity because the decay of short-lived (t{sub 1/2} < 1 hour) fission-chain precursors occurs on the same time scale as melt glass condensation. Fission product chains that include both volatile and refractory elements, like the mass 99, 125, and 129 chains, can show large variations in partitioning behavior depending on the cooling history of the cavity. Uranium exhibits similar behavior, though the chemical processes are poorly understood. The water temperature within the Chancellor cavity remains elevated (75 C) more than two decades after the test. Under hydrothermal conditions, high solubility chemical species such as {sup 125}Sb and {sup 129}I are readily dissolved and transported in solution. SEM analyses of melt glass samples show clear evidence of glass dissolution and secondary hydrothermal mineral deposition. Remobilization of {sup 99}Tc is also expected during hydrothermal activity, but moderately reducing conditions within the Chancellor cavity appear to limit the transport of {sup 99}Tc. It is recommended that the results from this study should be used together with the IAEA data to update the range in partitioning values for contaminant transport models at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site).

  18. Pore size distribution and accessible pore size distribution in bituminous coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakurovs, Richard [ORNL; He, Lilin [ORNL; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Radlinski, Andrzej Pawell [ORNL; Blach, Tomasz P [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The porosity and pore size distribution of coals determine many of their properties, from gas release to their behavior on carbonization, and yet most methods of determining pore size distribution can only examine a restricted size range. Even then, only accessible pores can be investigated with these methods. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and ultra small-angle neutron scattering (USANS) are increasingly used to characterize the size distribution of all of the pores non-destructively. Here we have used USANS/SANS to examine 24 well-characterized bituminous and subbituminous coals: three from the eastern US, two from Poland, one from New Zealand and the rest from the Sydney and Bowen Basins in Eastern Australia, and determined the relationships of the scattering intensity corresponding to different pore sizes with other coal properties. The range of pore radii examinable with these techniques is 2.5 nm to 7 {micro}m. We confirm that there is a wide range of pore sizes in coal. The pore size distribution was found to be strongly affected by both rank and type (expressed as either hydrogen or vitrinite content) in the size range 250 nm to 7 {micro}m and 5 to 10 nm, but weakly in intermediate regions. The results suggest that different mechanisms control coal porosity on different scales. Contrast-matching USANS and SANS were also used to determine the size distribution of the fraction of the pores in these coals that are inaccessible to deuterated methane, CD{sub 4}, at ambient temperature. In some coals most of the small ({approx} 10 nm) pores were found to be inaccessible to CD{sub 4} on the time scale of the measurement ({approx} 30 min - 16 h). This inaccessibility suggests that in these coals a considerable fraction of inherent methane may be trapped for extended periods of time, thus reducing the effectiveness of methane release from (or sorption by) these coals. Although the number of small pores was less in higher rank coals, the fraction of total pores that was inaccessible was not rank dependent. In the Australian coals, at the 10 nm to 50 nm size scales the pores in inertinites appeared to be completely accessible to CD{sub 4}, whereas the pores in the vitrinite were about 75% inaccessible. Unlike the results for total porosity that showed no regional effects on relationships between porosity and coal properties, clear regional differences in the relationships between fraction of closed porosity and coal properties were found. The 10 to 50 nm-sized pores of inertinites of the US and Polish coals examined appeared less accessible to methane than those of the inertinites of Australian coals. This difference in pore accessibility in inertinites may explain why empirical relationships between fluidity and coking properties developed using Carboniferous coals do not apply to Australian coals.