Sample records for boundary sgp b5

  1. Long-term Observations of the Convective Boundary Layer Using Insect Radar Returns at the SGP ARM Climate Research Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandra, A S; Kollias, P; Giangrande, S E; Klein, S A

    2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A long-term study of the turbulent structure of the convective boundary layer (CBL) at the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Climate Research Facility is presented. Doppler velocity measurements from insects occupying the lowest 2 km of the boundary layer during summer months are used to map the vertical velocity component in the CBL. The observations cover four summer periods (2004-08) and are classified into cloudy and clear boundary layer conditions. Profiles of vertical velocity variance, skewness, and mass flux are estimated to study the daytime evolution of the convective boundary layer during these conditions. A conditional sampling method is applied to the original Doppler velocity dataset to extract coherent vertical velocity structures and to examine plume dimension and contribution to the turbulent transport. Overall, the derived turbulent statistics are consistent with previous aircraft and lidar observations. The observations provide unique insight into the daytime evolution of the convective boundary layer and the role of increased cloudiness in the turbulent budget of the subcloud layer. Coherent structures (plumes-thermals) are found to be responsible for more than 80% of the total turbulent transport resolved by the cloud radar system. The extended dataset is suitable for evaluating boundary layer parameterizations and testing large-eddy simulations (LESs) for a variety of surface and cloud conditions.

  2. ARM - SGP Boundary Facility

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  3. ARM - SGP Central Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. ARM - SGP Contacts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  5. ARM - SGP Extended Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  6. ARM - SGP Science

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  7. SGP Shipment Notification Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  8. SGP-TR-32 STANFORD GEOTHERMAL PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    SGP- TR- 32 STANFORD GEOTHERMAL PROGRAM PROGRESS REPORT NO. 7 t o U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Recent Radon Transient Experiments Energy Recovery from Fracture-Stimulated Geothermal Reservoirs 1 2 l e c t i o n of Summary presentations prepared by t h e Stanford Geothermal Program s t a f f

  9. Soundings from SGP, June 2014 Sonde Comparison Study

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jensen, Michael

    In early June 2014, a radiosonde intercomparison trial was undertaken at the SGP Central Facility site with the goal of quantifying the relative performance of the RS92-SGP/MW31 and RS41-SG/MW41 radiosondes/systems. The June time period at SGP represents a springtime mid-latitude convective environment where the extensive remote sensing observations at the SGP site were used to further quantify the environment during the intercomparison. Over the course of five days (3 - 8 June) a total of 20 balloon launches were completed with efforts to sample the entire diurnal cycle and a variety of cloud conditions

  10. ARM - Field Campaign - SGP99 IOP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  11. ARM - SGP Geographic Information By Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. ARM Carbon Cycle Gases Flasks at SGP Site

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Biraud, Sebastien

    Data from flasks are sampled at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program ARM, Southern Great Plains Site and analyzed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA, Earth System Research Laboratory ESRL. The SGP site is included in the NOAA Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network. The surface samples are collected from a 60 m tower at the ARM SGP Central Facility, usually once per week in the afternoon. The aircraft samples are collected approximately weekly from a chartered aircraft, and the collection flight path is centered over the tower where the surface samples are collected. The samples are collected by the ARM and LBNL Carbon Project.

  13. ARM Carbon Cycle Gases Flasks at SGP Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biraud, Sebastien

    2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from flasks are sampled at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program ARM, Southern Great Plains Site and analyzed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA, Earth System Research Laboratory ESRL. The SGP site is included in the NOAA Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network. The surface samples are collected from a 60 m tower at the ARM SGP Central Facility, usually once per week in the afternoon. The aircraft samples are collected approximately weekly from a chartered aircraft, and the collection flight path is centered over the tower where the surface samples are collected. The samples are collected by the ARM and LBNL Carbon Project.

  14. Characterizing the Vertical Distribution of Aerosols Over the ARM SGP Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard Ferrare, Connor Flynn, David Turner

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on: 1) evaluating the performance of the DOE ARM SGP Raman lidar system in measuring profiles of water vapor and aerosols, and 2) the use of the Raman lidar measurements of aerosol and water vapor profiles for assessing the vertical distribution of aerosols and water vapor simulated by global transport models and examining diurnal variability of aerosols and water vapor. The highest aerosol extinction was generally observed close to the surface during the nighttime just prior to sunrise. The high values of aerosol extinction are most likely associated with increased scattering by hygroscopic aerosols, since the corresponding average relative humidity values were above 70%. After sunrise, relative humidity and aerosol extinction below 500 m decreased with the growth in the daytime convective boundary layer. The largest aerosol extinction for altitudes above 1 km occurred during the early afternoon most likely as a result of the increase in relative humidity. The water vapor mixing ratio profiles generally showed smaller variations with altitude between day and night. We also compared simultaneous measurements of relative humidity, aerosol extinction, and aerosol optical thickness derived from the ARM SGP Raman lidar and in situ instruments on board a small aircraft flown routinely over the ARM SGP site. In contrast, the differences between the CARL and IAP aerosol extinction measurements are considerably larger. Aerosol extinction derived from the IAP measurements is, on average, about 30-40% less than values derived from the Raman lidar. The reasons for this difference are not clear, but may be related to the corrections for supermicron scattering and relative humidity that were applied to the IAP data. The investigators on this project helped to set up a major field mission (2003 Aerosol IOP) over the DOE ARM SGP site. One of the goals of the mission was to further evaluate the aerosol and water vapor retrievals from this lidar system. Analysis of the aerosol and water vapor data collected by the Raman lidar during the 2003 Aerosol IOP indicated that the sensitivity of the lidar was significantly lower than when the lidar was initially deployed. A detailed analysis after the IOP of the long-term dataset demonstrated that the lidar began degrading in early 2002, and that it lost approximately a factor of 4 in sensitivity between 2002 and 2004. We participated in the development of the remediation plan for the system to restore its initial performance. We conducted this refurbishment and upgrade from May- September 2004. This remediation lead to an increase in the signal-to-noise ratio of 10 and 30 for the Raman lidar's water vapor mixing ratio and aerosol backscatter coefficient data, respectively as compared to the signal strengths when the system was first deployed. The DOE ARM Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE), which was conducted during September 2005, evaluated the impact of these modifications and upgrades on the SGP Raman lidar measurements of aerosol extinction and optical thickness. The CARL modifications significantly improved the accuracy and temporal resolution of the aerosol measurements. Aerosol extinction profiles measured by the Raman lidar were also used to evaluate aerosol extinction profiles and aerosol optical thickness (AOT) simulated by aerosol models as part of the Aerosol module inter-Comparison in global models (AEROCOM) (http://nansen.ipsl.jussieu.fr/AEROCOM/aerocomhome.html) project. There was a wide range in how the models represent the aerosol extinction profiles over the ARM SGP site, even though the average annual AOT represented by the various models and measured by CARL and the Sun photometer were in general agreement, at least within the standard deviations of the averages. There were considerable differences in the average vertical distributions among the models, even among models that had similar average aerosol optical thickness. Deviations between mean aerosol extinction profiles were generally small (~20-30%) for altitudes above 2 km, and grew consider

  15. SGP Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC): Measurement Platforms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MA Miller; R Avissar; LK Berg; SA Edgerton; ML Fischer; TJ Jackson; B. Kustas; PJ Lamb; G McFarquhar; Q Min; B Schmid; MS Torn; DD Tuner

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) will be conducted from June 8 to June 30, 2007, at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. Data will be collected using eight aircraft equipped with a variety of specialized sensors, four specially instrumented surface sites, and two prototype surface radar systems. The architecture of CLASIC includes a high-altitude surveillance aircraft and enhanced vertical thermodynamic and wind profile measurements that will characterize the synoptic scale structure of the clouds and the land surface within the ACRF SGP site. Mesoscale and microscale structures will be sampled with a variety of aircraft, surface, and radar observations. An overview of the measurement platforms that will be used during the CLASIC are described in this report. The coordination of measurements, especially as it relates to aircraft flight plans, will be discussed in the CLASIC Implementation Plan.

  16. SGP and TWP (Manus) Ice Cloud Vertical Velocities

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kalesse, Heike

    Daily netcdf-files of ice-cloud dynamics observed at the ARM sites at SGP (Jan1997-Dec2010) and Manus (Jul1999-Dec2010). The files include variables at different time resolution (10s, 20min, 1hr). Profiles of radar reflectivity factor (dbz), Doppler velocity (vel) as well as retrieved vertical air motion (V_air) and reflectivity-weighted particle terminal fall velocity (V_ter) are given at 10s, 20min and 1hr resolution. Retrieved V_air and V_ter follow radar notation, so positive values indicate downward motion. Lower level clouds are removed, however a multi-layer flag is included.

  17. ARM - Field Campaign - SGP Ice Nuclei Characterization Experiment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  18. SGP Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gaustad, Krista; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally; McFarlane, Sally

    Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

  20. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP ripbe1mcfarlane

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  1. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP ripbe370mcfarlane

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  2. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP ripbe1mcfarlane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  3. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP ripbe370mcfarlane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  4. Comparison of improved Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) CO2 with HIPPO and SGP aircraft profile measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulawik, S.S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectrometer stare ozone profiles with ARC-IONS sondespriori of trace gas profile estimates from the TroposphericHIPPO and SGP aircraft profile measurements S. S. Kulawik ,

  5. AEROSOL CHEMICAL COMPOSITION CHARACTERIZATION AT THE ARM SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS (SGP) SITE USING AN AEROSOL CHEMICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AEROSOL CHEMICAL COMPOSITION CHARACTERIZATION AT THE ARM SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS (SGP) SITE USING AN AEROSOL CHEMICAL SPECIATION MONITOR Yin-Nan Lee1 , Fan Mei1 , Stephanie DeJong1 , Anne Jefferson2 1 Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY 2 CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO

  6. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Site

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is the largest global change research program supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. The primary goal of the ARM Program is to improve the treatment of cloud and radiation physics in global climate models in order to improve the climate simulation capabilities of these models. To achieve this goal, ARM scientists and researchers around the world use continuous data obtained through the ARM Climate Research Facility. ARM maintains four major, permanent sites for data collection and deploys the ARM Mobile Facility to other sites as determined. Scientists are using the information obtained from the permanent SGP site to improve cloud and radiative models and parameterizations and, thereby, the performance of atmospheric general circulation models used for climate research. More than 30 instrument clusters have been placed around the SGP site. The locations for the instruments were chosen so that the measurements reflect conditions over the typical distribution of land uses within the site. The continuous observations at the SGP site are supplemented by intensive observation periods, when the frequency of measurements is increased and special measurements are added to address specific research questions. During such periods, 2 gigabytes or more of data (two billion bytes) are generated daily. SGP data sets from 1993 to the present reside in the ARM Archive at http://www.archive.arm.gov/ http. Users will need to register for a password, but all files are then free for viewing or downloading. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  7. ARM: Gridded (0.25 x 0.25 lat/lon) fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux over the SGP site.

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gaustad, Krista; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally; McFarlane, Sally

    Gridded (0.25 x 0.25 lat/lon) fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux over the SGP site.

  8. Improved ARM-SGP TOA OLR Fluxes from GOES-8 IR Radiances Based on CERES Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  9. A Climatology of Midlatitude Continental Clouds from the ARM SGP Central Facility. Part II: Cloud Fraction and Surface Radiative Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xiquan

    at the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility and for single-layered low (0­3 km), middle (3­6 km), and high clouds ( 6 km) using ARM SCF ground-based paired-looking standard precision spectral pyranometers and precision infrared radiometer measurements with uncertainties

  10. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP 1bbhrpripbe1mcfarlane

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  11. Broadband Heating Rate Profile Project (BBHRP) - SGP 1bbhrpripbe1mcfarlane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura; Shippert, Timothy

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the ARM Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) Project is to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Required inputs to BBHRP include surface albedo and profiles of atmospheric state (temperature, humidity), gas concentrations, aerosol properties, and cloud properties. In the past year, the Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (RIPBE) VAP was developed to combine all of the input properties needed for BBHRP into a single gridded input file. Additionally, an interface between the RIPBE input file and the RRTM was developed using the new ARM integrated software development environment (ISDE) and effort was put into developing quality control (qc) flags and provenance information on the BBHRP output files so that analysis of the output would be more straightforward. This new version of BBHRP, sgp1bbhrpripbeC1.c1, uses the RIPBE files as input to RRTM, and calculates broadband SW and LW fluxes and heating rates at 1-min resolution using the independent column approximation. The vertical resolution is 45 m in the lower and middle troposphere to match the input cloud properties, but is at coarser resolution in the upper atmosphere. Unlike previous versions, the vertical grid is the same for both clear-sky and cloudy-sky calculations.

  12. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  13. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.10 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  14. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.11 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  15. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.12 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  16. Planetary Boundary Layer from AERI and MPL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sawyer, Virginia

    2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution and transport of aerosol emitted to the lower troposphere is governed by the height of the planetary boundary layer (PBL), which limits the dilution of pollutants and influences boundary-layer convection. Because radiative heating and cooling of the surface strongly affect the PBL top height, it follows diurnal and seasonal cycles and may vary by hundreds of meters over a 24-hour period. The cap the PBL imposes on low-level aerosol transport makes aerosol concentration an effective proxy for PBL height: the top of the PBL is marked by a rapid transition from polluted, well-mixed boundary-layer air to the cleaner, more stratified free troposphere. Micropulse lidar (MPL) can provide much higher temporal resolution than radiosonde and better vertical resolution than infrared spectrometer (AERI), but PBL heights from all three instruments at the ARM SGP site are compared to one another for validation. If there is agreement among them, the higher-resolution remote sensing-derived PBL heights can accurately fill in the gaps left by the low frequency of radiosonde launches, and thus improve model parameterizations and our understanding of boundary-layer processes.

  17. Planetary Boundary Layer from AERI and MPL

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sawyer, Virginia

    The distribution and transport of aerosol emitted to the lower troposphere is governed by the height of the planetary boundary layer (PBL), which limits the dilution of pollutants and influences boundary-layer convection. Because radiative heating and cooling of the surface strongly affect the PBL top height, it follows diurnal and seasonal cycles and may vary by hundreds of meters over a 24-hour period. The cap the PBL imposes on low-level aerosol transport makes aerosol concentration an effective proxy for PBL height: the top of the PBL is marked by a rapid transition from polluted, well-mixed boundary-layer air to the cleaner, more stratified free troposphere. Micropulse lidar (MPL) can provide much higher temporal resolution than radiosonde and better vertical resolution than infrared spectrometer (AERI), but PBL heights from all three instruments at the ARM SGP site are compared to one another for validation. If there is agreement among them, the higher-resolution remote sensing-derived PBL heights can accurately fill in the gaps left by the low frequency of radiosonde launches, and thus improve model parameterizations and our understanding of boundary-layer processes.

  18. Collaborative Research: ARM observations for the development and evaluation of models and parameterizations of cloudy boundary layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht, Bruce,

    2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a collaborative project with Dr. Ping Zhu at Florida International University. It was designed to address key issues regarding the treatment of boundary layer cloud processes in climate models with UM’s research focusing on the analyses of ARM cloud radar observations from MMCR and WACR and FIU’s research focusing on numerical simulations of boundary layer clouds. This project capitalized on recent advancements in the ARM Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR) processing and the development of the WACR (at the SGP) to provide high temporal and spatial resolution Doppler cloud radar measurements for characterizing in-cloud turbulence, large-eddy circulations, and high resolution cloud structures of direct relevance to high resolution numerical modeling studies. The principal focus of the observational component of this collaborative study during this funding period was on stratocumulus clouds over the SGP site and fair-weather cumuli over the Nauru site. The statistical descriptions of the vertical velocity structures in continental stratocumulus clouds and in the Nauru shallow cumuli that are part of this study represents the most comprehensive observations of the vertical velocities in boundary layer clouds to date and were done in collaboration with Drs. Virendra Ghate and Pavlos Kollias.

  19. ARM - SGP Intermediate Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP :ProductsVaisala CL51InstrumentsCentral Facility SGPIntermediate

  20. ARM - SGP Operations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP :ProductsVaisala CL51InstrumentsCentral Facility

  1. ARM - Visiting the SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  2. SGP Central Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements RecentlyElectronicResourcesjobs RunningSEABRV2/01/12 Page

  3. SGP Overview Map

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release PrintedDEVIATIONSReduce5, 3/6/15) Exhibit

  4. NEUTRON SCATTERING SHOWS THAT CYTOCHROME b5 PENETRATES DEEPLY INTO THE LIPID BILAYER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NEUTRON SCATTERING SHOWS THAT CYTOCHROME b5 PENETRATES DEEPLY INTO THE LIPID BILAYER E. P. GOGOL to lipid vesicles using neutron small-angle scattering methods. To increase scat- tering contrast between of a highly deuterated phospholipid. Small-angle neutron diffraction patterns were collected in a series of H

  5. Cummins Engine Company B5.9 Propane Engine Development, Certification, and Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The ADEPT Group, Inc. (Los Angeles, California)

    1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to successfuly develop and certify an LPG-dedicated medium-duty original equipment manufacturer (OEM) engine that could be put into production. The engine was launched into production in 1994, and more than 800 B5.9G engines are now in service in the United States and abroad. This engine is now offered by more than 30 bus and truck OEMs.

  6. Conception rates after artificial insemination as affected by heparin binding protein-B5 in frozen semen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Matthew Duncan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of HBP-B5 (21, 24, and 31 kDa forms) on the sperm membranes. Bulls were classified into one of three fertility groups, High (H), Medium (M), or Low (L), according to their BBP-B5 profile. Non-lactating, multiparous Angus or Hereford cows (n--108) were...

  7. Conception rates after artificial insemination as affected by heparin binding protein-B5 in frozen semen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Matthew Duncan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of HBP-B5 (21, 24, and 31 kDa forms) on the sperm membranes. Bulls were classified into one of three fertility groups, High (H), Medium (M), or Low (L), according to their BBP-B5 profile. Non-lactating, multiparous Angus or Hereford cows (n--108) were...

  8. Cytochrome b5 gene and protein of Candida tropicalis and methods relating thereto

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Craft, David L. (Fort Thomas, KY); Madduri, Krishna M. (Westfield, IN); Loper, John C. (Cincinnati, OH)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel gene has been isolated which encodes cytochrome b5 (CYTb5) protein of the .omega.-hydroxylase complex of C. tropicalis 20336. Vectors including this gene, and transformed host cells are provided. Methods of increasing the production of a CYTb5 protein are also provided which involve transforming a host cell with a gene encoding this protein and culturing the cells. Methods of increasing the production of a dicarboxylic acid are also provided which involve increasing in the host cell the number of genes encoding this protein.

  9. Evolutionary divergence in proteins: experimental and theoretical studies on the stability and electrochemical properties of cytochrome b5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthasarathy, Sudharsan

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Cytochrome b5 (CYB5) is a small ubiquitous heme binding protein whose biochemical function is electron transfer. Two isoforms of CYB5 are found in mammals, which are named based on their specific subcellular localization. ...

  10. ARM - SGP Radiometric Calibration Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP :ProductsVaisala CL51InstrumentsCentral FacilityRadiometric Calibration

  11. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP :ProductsVaisala CL51InstrumentsCentral FacilityRadiometric

  12. Running Boundary Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satoshi Ohya; Makoto Sakamoto; Motoi Tachibana

    2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we argue that boundary condition may run with energy scale. As an illustrative example, we consider one-dimensional quantum mechanics for a spinless particle that freely propagates in the bulk yet interacts only at the origin. In this setting we find the renormalization group flow of U(2) family of boundary conditions exactly. We show that the well-known scale-independent subfamily of boundary conditions are realized as fixed points. We also discuss the duality between two distinct boundary conditions from the renormalization group point of view. Generalizations to conformal mechanics and quantum graph are also discussed.

  13. Data:F929af79-8845-4275-b5a8-b6cfad2dcb64 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    5-b5a8-b6cfad2dcb64 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  14. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103,NO. B5,PAGES 10,161-10,176,MAY 10, 1998 Episodic imbricate thrusting and underthrusting'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103,NO. B5,PAGES 10,161-10,176,MAY 10, 1998 Episodic. Copyright 1998 by the American GeophysicalUnion. Paper number 97JB03541. 0148-0227/ 98/ 97JB-03541

  15. Data:9fe97b4d-ed11-40b5-930f-8956845bea87 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1-40b5-930f-8956845bea87 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  16. Data:603f1760-8be7-4fab-8191-bff12fe92b5f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1-bff12fe92b5f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information...

  17. Appendix B-5

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as delegated by the NREL. (4) Except as otherwise provided in this subcontract, the terms "subcontracts and lower-tier subcontracts" includes, but is not limited to, purchase...

  18. Appendix B-5

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta3 TableimpurityAppeals byU.S.U.S.AppendixB0235

  19. b5.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,00064,783 56,940West South Central

  20. b5.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,00064,783 56,940West South

  1. Boundaries and Topological Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Margaret Morrison

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a model for the topological structure of situations. In this model, the topological structure of space is altered by the presence or absence of boundaries, such as those at the edges of objects. ...

  2. Production of Hev b5 as a fluorescent biotin-binding tripartite fusion protein in insect cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nordlund, Henri R. [Department of Biological and Environmental Science, NanoScience Center, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)]. E-mail: henri.nordlund@uta.fi; Laitinen, Olli H. [AI Virtanen Institute, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Kuopio, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio (Finland); Uotila, Sanna T.H. [Department of Biological and Environmental Science, NanoScience Center, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Kulmala, Minna [Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56 (Viikinkaari 9), FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Kalkkinen, Nisse [Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56 (Viikinkaari 9), FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Kulomaa, Markku S. [Department of Biological and Environmental Science, NanoScience Center, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2005-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The presented green fluorescent protein and streptavidin core-based tripartite fusion system provides a simple and efficient way for the production of proteins fused to it in insect cells. This fusion protein forms a unique tag, which serves as a multipurpose device enabling easy optimization of production, one-step purification via streptavidin-biotin interaction, and visualization of the fusion protein during downstream processing and in applications. In the present study, we demonstrate the successful production, purification, and detection of a natural rubber latex allergen Hev b5 with this system. We also describe the production of another NRL allergen with the system, Hev b1, which formed large aggregates and gave small yields in purification. The aggregates were detected at early steps by microscopical inspection of the infected insect cells producing this protein. Therefore, this fusion system can also be utilized as a fast indicator of the solubility of the expressed fusion proteins and may therefore be extremely useful in high-throughput expression approaches.

  3. Spectrum of local boundary operators from boundary form factor bootstrap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Szots; G. Takacs

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the recently introduced boundary form factor bootstrap equations, we map the complete space of their solutions for the boundary version of the scaling Lee-Yang model and sinh-Gordon theory. We show that the complete space of solutions, graded by the ultraviolet behaviour of the form factors can be brought into correspondence with the spectrum of local boundary operators expected from boundary conformal field theory, which is a major evidence for the correctness of the boundary form factor bootstrap framework.

  4. Transgressing the Boundaries: An Afterword

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokal, Alan

    the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity'', which appeared in Social Text #46

  5. Data:749fbfcb-a56a-4f98-b5f7-02d31b37af83 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    fbfcb-a56a-4f98-b5f7-02d31b37af83 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1....

  6. Data:5ccaa7a7-0863-44b5-98fe-1e44dc285b01 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ccaa7a7-0863-44b5-98fe-1e44dc285b01 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading......

  7. Data:Fe5b5ae4-e404-4654-879b-b84f08c20e25 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fe5b5ae4-e404-4654-879b-b84f08c20e25 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading......

  8. Boundary transfer matrices and boundary quantum KZ equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bart Vlaar

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple relation between inhomogeneous transfer matrices and boundary quantum KZ equations is exhibited for quantum integrable systems with reflecting boundary conditions, analogous to an observation by Gaudin for periodic systems. Thus the boundary quantum KZ equations receive a new motivation. We also derive the commutativity of Sklyanin's boundary transfer matrices by merely imposing appropriate reflection equations, i.e. without using the conditions of crossing symmetry and unitarity of the R-matrix.

  9. Boundary streaming with Navier boundary condition Jin-Han Xiea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanneste, Jacques

    is the fluid's kinematic shear viscosity and is the wave's angular frequency. In water, and for frequencies applications involving high-frequency acoustic waves over a solid boundary, the Stokes boundary-layer thickness to travelling and standing waves shows that the boundary slip respectively increases and decreases the streaming

  10. ENTROPY BOUNDARY LAYERS FRANCK SUEUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sueur, Franck

    on the boundary. These conditions are used in a reduction of the system. We construct BKW expansions at all order

  11. Geometry of Weak Stability Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Belbruno; Marian Gidea; Francesco Topputo

    2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of a weak stability boundary has been successfully used to design low energy trajectories from the Earth to the Moon. The structure of this boundary has been investigated in a number of studies, where partial results have been obtained. We propose a generalization of the weak stability boundary. We prove analytically that, in the context of the planar circular restricted three-body problem, under certain conditions on the mass ratio of the primaries and on the energy, the weak stability boundary about the heavier primary coincides with a branch of the global stable manifold of the Lyapunov orbit about one of the Lagrange points.

  12. Aerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Alexandrov, Mikhail

    The Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) makes precise simultaneous measurements of the solar direct normal and diffuse horizontal irradiances at six wavelengths (nominally 415, 500, 615, 673, 870, and 940 nm) at short intervals (20 sec for ARM instruments) throughout the day. Time series of spectral optical depth are derived from these measurements. Besides water vapor at 940 nm, the other gaseous absorbers within the MFRSR channels are NO2 (at 415, 500, and 615 nm) and ozone (at 500, 615, and 670 nm). Aerosols and Rayleigh scattering contribute atmospheric extinction in all MFRSR channels. Our recently updated MFRSR data analysis algorithm allows us to partition the spectral aerosol optical depth into fine and coarse modes and to retrieve the fine mode effective radius. In this approach we rely on climatological amounts of NO2 from SCIAMACHY satellite retrievals and use daily ozone columns from TOMS.

  13. ARM - Field Campaign - SGP '97 (Hydrology) IOP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- Polarization DiversityPolarization Radar

  14. New Surface Meteorological Measurements at SGP,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011R -Electrodes NewStaff ResearchNM,

  15. SGP CART Site Affected by Ice Storm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release PrintedDEVIATIONSReduce5, 3/6/15) Exhibit A2

  16. Interpolation Uncertainties Across the ARM SGP Area

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn OtherEnergy International Fuel7

  17. Data:60cf163f-493f-4fe2-a26c-cc15b5cbc451 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility Database Data andDarnestown, Maryland:(Blackwell,cc15b5cbc451 No

  18. 8, 88178846, 2008 Observed boundary-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 8, 8817­8846, 2008 Observed boundary- layer/mesoscale impacts on Saharan dust J. H. Marsham et and Enviroment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK 2 Institut f¨ur Meteorologie und Klimaforschung, Universit@env.leeds.ac.uk) 8817 #12;ACPD 8, 8817­8846, 2008 Observed boundary- layer/mesoscale impacts on Saharan dust J. H

  19. Cell boundary fault detection system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Ratterman, Joseph D. (Rochester, MN); Smith, Brian Edward (Rochester, MN)

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and program product determine a nodal fault along the boundary, or face, of a computing cell. Nodes on adjacent cell boundaries communicate with each other, and the communications are analyzed to determine if a node or connection is faulty.

  20. Recursion Relation for Boundary Contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qingjun Jin; Bo Feng

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that under a BCFW-deformation, there is a boundary contribution when the amplitude scales as O(1) or worse. We show that boundary contributions have a similar recursion relation as scattering amplitude. Just like the BCFW recursion relation, where scattering amplitudes are expressed as the products of two on-shell sub-amplitudes (plus possible boundary contributions), our new recursion relation expresses boundary contributions as products of sub-amplitudes and boundary contributions with less legs, plus yet another possible boundary contribution. In other words, the complete scattering amplitude, including boundary contributions, can be obtained by multiple steps of recursions, unless the boundary contributions are still non-zero when all possible deformations are exploited. We demonstrate this algorithm by several examples. Especially, we show that for standard model like renormalizable theory in 4D, i.e., the theory including only gauge boson, fermions and scalars, the complete amplitude can always be computed by at most four recursive steps using our algorithm.

  1. Vacuum Structure and Boundary Renormalization Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Asorey; J. M. Munoz-Castaneda

    2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The vacuum structure is probed by boundary conditions. The behaviour of thermodynamical quantities like free energy, boundary entropy and entanglement entropy under the boundary renormalization group flow are analysed in 2D conformal field theories. The results show that whereas vacuum energy and boundary entropy turn out to be very sensitive to boundary conditions, the vacuum entanglement entropy is independent of boundary properties when the boundary of the entanglement domain does not overlap the boundary of the physical space. In all cases the second law of thermodynamics holds along the boundary renormalization group flow.

  2. Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction and new development is prohibited. A map of the...

  3. METEOROLOGY 130 Boundary Layer Meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Craig

    4) Turbulence Kinetic Energy · TKE budget and terms · Stability concepts · Richardson number 5) Measuring the Boundary Layer · Balloons · Radars · Sodars · Towers (micrometeorology) · Measuring Turbulence Time Series Analysis 8) Similarity Theory and Turbulence Closure 9) Surface Energy Budgets 10) Special

  4. THE MARTIAN ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY LAYER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiga, Aymeric

    THE MARTIAN ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY LAYER A. Petrosyan,1 B. Galperin,2 S. E. Larsen,3 S. R. Lewis,4 A [Haberle et al., 1993a; Larsen et al., 2002; Hinson et al., 2008]. At night, convection is inhibited

  5. Data:Ff96ab4b-b24a-4e86-b1c1-70d4b0d306b5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    b1c1-70d4b0d306b5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  6. Changing the Structure Boundary Geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karasev, Viktor; Dzlieva, Elena; Ivanov, Artyom [St.-Petersburg State University, Physics Faculty, Ulianovskaya 1, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, 198504 (Russian Federation)

    2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of previously obtained results shows that hexagonal crystal lattice is the dominant type of ordering, in particular, in striated glow discharges. We explore the possibility for changing the dust distribution in horizontal cross sections of relatively highly ordered structures in a glow-discharge. Presuming that boundary geometry can affect dust distribution, we used cylindrical coolers held at 0 deg. C and placed against a striation containing a structure, to change the geometry of its outer boundary. By varying the number of coolers, their positions, and their separations from the tube wall, azimuthally asymmetric thermophoretic forces can be used to form polygonal boundaries and vary the angles between their segments (in a horizontal cross section). The corner in the structure's boundary of 60 deg. stimulates formation of hexagonal cells. The structure between the supported parallel boundaries is also characterized by stable hexagonal ordering. We found that a single linear boundary segment does not give rise to any sizable domain, but generates a lattice extending from the boundary (without edge defects). A square lattice can be formed by setting the angle equal to 90 deg. . However, angles of 45 deg. and 135 deg. turned out easier to form. Square lattice was created by forming a near-135 deg. corner with four coolers. It was noted that no grain ordering is observed in the region adjacent to corners of angles smaller than 30 deg. , which do not promote ordering into cells of any shape. Thus, manipulation of a structure boundary can be used to change dust distribution, create structures free of the ubiquitous edge defects that destroy orientation order, and probably change the crystal lattice type.

  7. tex21b5.tmp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, ,Development1U C L E A R Etest and evaluation* .: ,.-

  8. Title: Ontario Greenbelt Boundary File Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenbelt Act 2005. Data contains three shapefiles: Greenbelt Designated Areas, Outer Boundary and River

  9. Are nanophase grain boundaries anomalous?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, E.A.; Siegel, R.W.; Newville, M.; Sanders, P.G.; Haskel, D. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); [Materials Science and Engineering Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

    1995-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The grain boundary regions of nanophase Cu metal are investigated using the x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) technique. Typical samples made by standard techniques need to be greatly thinned if measured in transmission in order to eliminate experimental artifacts which erroneously lower the apparent coordination number. To avoid this problem the samples were measured by the total electron yield technique. The results indicate a grain boundary structure which, on the average, is similar to that in conventional polycrystalline Cu, contrary to previous XAFS measurements made in transmission which indicated a lower coordination number. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital The} {ital American} {ital Physical} {ital Society}.

  10. 2. System boundaries; Balance equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Example: an electric hot water heater in a house ­ The electric heater is a closed system ­ The water with the surroundings for example: combustion engines, pumps, distillation columns, living organisms Picture: SEHB06 #12;5/28 Systems and boundaries /3 An isolated system is a special kind of closed system Pictures: KJ05 Q = heat W

  11. Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

  12. Boundary Integral Equations and the Method of Boundary Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsynkov, Semyon V.

    to consider the interior and exterior Dirichlet and Neumann boundary value problems for the Laplace equation: u 2u x2 1 + 2u x2 2 + 2u x2 3 = 0. Let be a bounded domain of the three-dimensional space R3 and exterior Dirichlet problems, respectively, and problems (13.1b) and (13.1d) are the interior and exterior

  13. Beyond the no-slip boundary condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, Howard

    This paper offers a simple macroscopic approach to the question of the slip boundary condition to be imposed upon the tangential component of the fluid velocity at a solid boundary. Plausible reasons are advanced for ...

  14. SLE($?,?$)and Boundary Coulomb Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Moghimi-Araghi; M. A. Rajabpour; S. Rouhani

    2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the coulomb gas model on the upper half plane with different boundary conditions, namely Drichlet, Neuman and mixed. We related this model to SLE($\\kappa,\\rho$) theories. We derive a set of conditions connecting the total charge of the coulomb gas, the boundary charges, the parameters $\\kappa$ and $\\rho$. Also we study a free fermion theory in presence of a boundary and show with the same methods that it would lead to logarithmic boundary changing operators.

  15. Title: Boundary File: GTA (Greater Toronto Area) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Municipal Boundary shapefiles: Municipal Boundary ­ Upper Tier and District, and Municipal Boundary ­ Lower Municipality of Durham, Regional Municipality of York Data Type: Digital Vector Data Format: Shapefile Datum

  16. Shaping Environmental Justice: Applying Science, Technology, and Society Boundary Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Chih-Tung

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying Science, Technology and Society Boundary Work Chih-the STS (Science, Technology and Society) study as boundary-

  17. Moment problems and boundaries of number triangles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnedin, Alexander

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The boundary problem for graphs like Pascal's but with general multiplicities of edges is related to a `backward' problem of moments of the Hausdorff type.

  18. Performance Boundaries in Nb3Sn Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godeke, Arno

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors – Berkeley, CABoundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors – Berkeley, CABoundaries in Nb 3 Sn Superconductors Arno Godeke Berkeley,

  19. The Influence of Grain Boundary Type upon Damage Evolution at Grain Boundary Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Bergquist, Alejandro G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brandl, Christian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Escobedo, Juan P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trujillo, Carl P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gray III, George T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, Timothy C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In a prior work, it was found that grain boundary structure strongly influences damage evolution at grain boundaries in copper samples subjected to either shock compression or incipient spall. Here, several grain boundaries with different grain boundary structures, including a {Sigma}3 (10-1) boundary, are interrogated via conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) to investigate the effects of atomic-scale structural differences on grain boundary strength and mobility. Boundaries are studied both before and after shock compression at a peak shock stress of 10 GPa. Results of the TEM and HRTEM work are used in conjunction with MD modeling to propose a model for shock-induced damage evolution at grain boundary interfaces that is dependent upon coincidence.

  20. Prediction Error and Event Boundaries 1 Running Head: PREDICTION ERROR AND EVENT BOUNDARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacks, Jeffrey M.

    Prediction Error and Event Boundaries 1 Running Head: PREDICTION ERROR AND EVENT BOUNDARIES A computational model of event segmentation from perceptual prediction. Jeremy R. Reynolds, Jeffrey M. Zacks, and Todd S. Braver Washington University Manuscript #12;Prediction Error and Event Boundaries 2 People tend

  1. 2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers & Detailed Definitions #12;2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation January 2003 #12;PREFACE This report presents the 2001 traffic zone numbers by local municipalities in the 2001 TTS survey area. The second part presents detailed

  2. Cyclone separator having boundary layer turbulence control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krishna, Coimbatore R. (Mt. Sinai, NY); Milau, Julius S. (Port Jefferson, NY)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A cyclone separator including boundary layer turbulence control that is operable to prevent undue build-up of particulate material at selected critical areas on the separator walls, by selectively varying the fluid pressure at those areas to maintain the momentum of the vortex, thereby preventing particulate material from inducing turbulence in the boundary layer of the vortical fluid flow through the separator.

  3. Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerrold Franklin

    2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Green's functions for Neumann boundary conditions have been considered in Math Physics and Electromagnetism textbooks, but special constraints and other properties required for Neumann boundary conditions have generally not been noticed or treated correctly. In this paper, we derive an appropriate Neumann Green's function with these constraints and properties incorporated.

  4. MAE Seminar Series Boundary Closures for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    ) boundary layer stability and transition. 206 Furnas Hall Thursday, April 8th, 2010 11:00 am ­ 12:00 pmMAE Seminar Series Boundary Closures for ESWENO Schemes Mark H. Carpenter, Ph.D. Computational AeroSciences Branch NASA Langley Research Center Abstract Energy Stable Weighted Essentially Non--Oscillatory (ESWENO

  5. Environmental boundaries to energy development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trivelpiece, A.W.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public concern about the environment, health and safety consequences of energy technology has been growing steadily for more than two decades in the United States. This concern forms an important boundary condition as the United States seeks to develop a new National Energy Strategy. Furthermore, the international aspects of the energy/environment interface such as acid rain global climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion are very prominent in US thinking. In fact, the energy systems of the world are becoming more closely coupled environmentally and otherwise. Now where is this coupling more important than that between the industrialized and developing world; the choices made by each will have profound effects on the other. The development of energy technologies compatible with both economic growth and improving and sustaining environmental quality represents a major R D challenge to the US and USSR. Decision about adoption of new technology and R D priorities can be improved by better measurements of how energy sources and uses are changing throughout the world and better methods to project the potential consequences of these decisions. Such projection require understanding relative risks of alternating existing and evolving technologies. All of these R D areas, technology improvement energy system monitoring and projection and comparative risk assessment are the topics of this seminar. Progress in each may be enhanced by collaboration and cooperation between our two countries. 7 refs., 27 figs., 5 tabs.

  6. Boundary definition of a multiverse measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael Bousso; Ben Freivogel; Stefan Leichenauer; Vladimir Rosenhaus

    2010-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to regulate the infinities of eternal inflation by relating a late time cut-off in the bulk to a short distance cut-off on the future boundary. The light-cone time of an event is defined in terms of the volume of its future light-cone on the boundary. We seek an intrinsic definition of boundary volumes that makes no reference to bulk structures. This requires taming the fractal geometry of the future boundary, and lifting the ambiguity of the conformal factor. We propose to work in the conformal frame in which the boundary Ricci scalar is constant. We explore this proposal in the FRW approximation for bubble universes. Remarkably, we find that the future boundary becomes a round three-sphere, with smooth metric on all scales. Our cut-off yields the same relative probabilities as a previous proposal that defined boundary volumes by projection into the bulk along timelike geodesics. Moreover, it is equivalent to an ensemble of causal patches defined without reference to bulk geodesics. It thus yields a holographically motivated and phenomenologically successful measure for eternal inflation.

  7. Deformation-Twin-Induced Grain Boundary Failure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yongfeng Zhang; Paul C. MIllett; Michael Tonks; Bulent Biner

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents a mechanism of deformation-twin-induced grain boundary failure, and demonstrates the mechanism using molecular dynamics simulations. Deformation twinning is observed as the dominant mechanism during tensile deformation of columnar nanocrystalline body-centered cubic Mo. As a twin approaches a grain boundary, local stress concentration develops due to the incompatible plastic deformations in the two neighboring grains. The magnitude of the stress concentration increases as the twin widens, leading to grain boundary cracking by nucleation and coalescence of microcracks/voids.

  8. Atomistic Simulation of Slow Grain Boundary Motion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng Chuang; Schuh, Christopher A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Existing atomistic simulation techniques to study grain boundary motion are usually limited to either high velocities or temperatures and are difficult to compare to realistic experimental conditions. Here we introduce an adapted simulation method that can access boundary velocities in the experimental range and extract mobilities in the zero driving force limit at temperatures as low as {approx}0.2T{sub m} (T{sub m} is the melting point). The method reveals three mechanistic regimes of boundary mobility at zero net velocity depending on the system temperature.

  9. New Boundaries for the B-Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Aaron

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Witten couples the open topological B-model to a holomorphic vector bundle by adding to the boundary of the worldsheet a Wilson loop for an integrable connection on the bundle. Using the descent procedure for boundary vertex operators in this context, I generalize this construction to write a worldsheet coupling for a graded vector bundle with an integrable superconnection. I then compute the open string vertex operators between two such boundaries. A theorem of J. Block gives that this is equivalent to coupling the B-model to an arbitrary object in the derived category.

  10. From Neuman to Dirichlet boundary conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikolic, B.; Sazdovic, B. [Institute of Physics, 11001 Belgrade, P.O.Box 57 (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dirichlet boundary conditions for the end-point of the open string define Dp-brane. It is parameterized by the rest of coordinates, with Neuman boundary conditions. The relations between background fields can produce the local gauge symmetries of the world-sheet action. After gauge fixing, some Neuman boundary conditions turn into the Dirichlet ones, decreasing the number of Dp-brane dimensions. The physical Dp-brane is gauge invariant part of the initial one. The gauge invariant coordinates are expressed as linear combinations of the effective coordinates and momenta. This fact explains the origin of non-commutativity and the existence of commutative Dp-brane coordinates.

  11. Energy transport using natural convection boundary layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural convection is one of the major modes of energy transport in passive solar buildings. There are two primary mechanisms for natural convection heat transport through an aperture between building zones: (1) bulk density differences created by temperature differences between zones; and (2) thermosyphon pumping created by natural convection boundary layers. The primary objective of the present study is to compare the characteristics of bulk density driven and boundary layer driven flow, and discuss some of the advantages associated with the use of natural convection boundary layers to transport energy in solar building applications.

  12. Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Sinitsyn

    2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

  13. Topological analysis of the grain boundary space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patala, Srikanth

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grain boundaries and their networks have a profound influence on the functional and structural properties of every class of polycrystalline materials and play a critical role in structural evolution and phase transformations. ...

  14. Nonuniqeness in a free boundary problem from combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A free boundary problem from combustion. One-phase parabolic free boundary problem with fixed gradient condition. Given u ? C (n), u ?. A. Petrosyan.

  15. antarctic boundary layer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Geosciences Websites Summary: Boundary Layer Meteorology (METR 5103) Spring 2014 Syllabus General information Fundamentals of the atmospheric boundary layer dynamics and...

  16. atmosperic boundary layer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Geosciences Websites Summary: Boundary Layer Meteorology (METR 5103) Spring 2014 Syllabus General information Fundamentals of the atmospheric boundary layer dynamics and...

  17. Techno-Economic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Techno-Economic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production (2009) Techno-Economic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production (2009)...

  18. Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Band-Gap Engineering of Carbon Nanotubes with Grain Boundaries. Abstract: Structure and electronic properties of...

  19. Effects of Transition Metals on the Grain Boundary Cohesion in...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transition Metals on the Grain Boundary Cohesion in Tungsten. Effects of Transition Metals on the Grain Boundary Cohesion in Tungsten. Abstract: We report on the effects of...

  20. Boundary and Exterior of a Multiset Topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Mahanta; D. Das

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The concepts of exterior and boundary in multiset topological space are introduced. We further established few relationships between the concepts of boundary, closure, exterior and interior of an M- set. These concepts have been pigeonholed by other existing notions viz., open sets, closed sets, clopen sets and limit points. The necessary and sufficient condition for a multiset to have an empty exterior is also discussed.

  1. Study of LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES (LOB) Genetic Pathways in Boundary Maintenance of Arabidopsis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lifeng

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boundary formation and maintenance in tissue development.2002). Shoot meristem maintenance is controlled by a GRAS-et al. , 2005). The maintenance of the polarity of GA

  2. Boundary energy of the open XXX chain with a non-diagonal boundary term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nepomechie, Rafael I

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the ground state of the open spin-1/2 isotropic quantum spin chain with a non-diagonal boundary term using a recently proposed Bethe ansatz solution. As the coefficient of the non-diagonal boundary term tends to zero, the Bethe roots split evenly into two sets: those that remain finite, and those that become infinite. We argue that the former satisfy conventional Bethe equations, while the latter satisfy a generalization of the Richardson-Gaudin equations. We derive an expression for the leading correction to the boundary energy in terms of the boundary parameters.

  3. Boundary energy of the open XXX chain with a non-diagonal boundary term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael I. Nepomechie; Chunguang Wang

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the ground state of the open spin-1/2 isotropic quantum spin chain with a non-diagonal boundary term using a recently proposed Bethe ansatz solution. As the coefficient of the non-diagonal boundary term tends to zero, the Bethe roots split evenly into two sets: those that remain finite, and those that become infinite. We argue that the former satisfy conventional Bethe equations, while the latter satisfy a generalization of the Richardson-Gaudin equations. We derive an expression for the leading correction to the boundary energy in terms of the boundary parameters.

  4. Oscillatory flow across an irregular boundary Geno Pawlak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlak, Geno

    ; KEYWORDS: eddies, tidal mixing, rough boundary, oscillatory flow, residual currents, wave boundary layers 1Oscillatory flow across an irregular boundary Geno Pawlak Department of Ocean and Resources. Introduction [2] Oscillatory flow past a rough boundary is a prevalent feature in a number of oceanographic

  5. Numerical Simulation of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slinn, Donald

    boundary layer. Oscillatory boundary layers are examined using a high-resolution time-dependent threeNumerical Simulation of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer Over a Smooth Surface. Part 1: Three for turbulent boundary layers that occur over a smooth bottom. Results indicate that turbulence levels

  6. Surface and grain boundary scattering in nanometric Cu thin films: A quantitative analysis including twin boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barmak, Katayun [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 and Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Darbal, Amith [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Ganesh, Kameswaran J.; Ferreira, Paulo J. [Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Rickman, Jeffrey M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Sun, Tik; Yao, Bo; Warren, Andrew P.; Coffey, Kevin R., E-mail: kb2612@columbia.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relative contributions of various defects to the measured resistivity in nanocrystalline Cu were investigated, including a quantitative account of twin-boundary scattering. It has been difficult to quantitatively assess the impact twin boundary scattering has on the classical size effect of electrical resistivity, due to limitations in characterizing twin boundaries in nanocrystalline Cu. In this study, crystal orientation maps of nanocrystalline Cu films were obtained via precession-assisted electron diffraction in the transmission electron microscope. These orientation images were used to characterize grain boundaries and to measure the average grain size of a microstructure, with and without considering twin boundaries. The results of these studies indicate that the contribution from grain-boundary scattering is the dominant factor (as compared to surface scattering) leading to enhanced resistivity. The resistivity data can be well-described by the combined Fuchs–Sondheimer surface scattering model and Mayadas–Shatzkes grain-boundary scattering model using Matthiessen's rule with a surface specularity coefficient of p?=?0.48 and a grain-boundary reflection coefficient of R?=?0.26.

  7. Do grain boundaries in nanophase metals slide?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bringa, E M; Leveugle, E; Caro, A

    2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanophase metallic materials show a maximum in strength as grain size decreases to the nano scale, indicating a break down of the Hall-Petch relation. Grain boundary sliding, as a possible accommodation mechanisms, is often the picture that explain computer simulations results and real experiments. In a recent paper, Bringa et al. Science 309, 1838 (2005), we report on the observation of an ultra-hard behavior in nanophase Cu under shock loading, explained in terms of a reduction of grain boundary sliding under the influence of the shock pressure. In this work we perform a detailed study of the effects of hydrostatic pressure on nanophase Cu plasticity and find that it can be understood in terms of pressure dependent grain boundary sliding controlled by a Mohr-Coulomb law.

  8. Wireless boundary monitor system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haynes, H.D.; Ayers, C.W.

    1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A wireless boundary monitor system used to monitor the integrity of a boundary surrounding an area uses at least two housings having at least one transmitting means for emitting ultrasonic pressure waves to a medium. Each of the housings has a plurality of receiving means for sensing the pressure waves in the medium. The transmitting means and the receiving means of each housing are aimable and communicably linked. At least one of the housings is equipped with a local alarm means for emitting a first alarm indication whereby, when the pressure waves propagating from a transmitting means to a receiving means are sufficiently blocked by an object a local alarm means or a remote alarm means or a combination thereof emit respective alarm indications. The system may be reset either manually or automatically. This wireless boundary monitor system has useful applications in both indoor and outdoor environments. 4 figs.

  9. arm sgp site: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of detailed ... Waters, Richard C. 1979-10-01 25 ARM7100 Data Sheet ARM DDI 0035A Engineering Websites Summary: ARM7100 Data Sheet ARM DDI 0035A 5-1 11 1 Preliminary ARM...

  10. Merged MMCR-WSR88D Reflectivities at SGP

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Dong, Xiquan

    There are substantial attenuations of MMCR signals for very large LWP and during precipitation events. We have used the nearest precipitation radar (WSR-88D) to merge two measurements to better represent such selected cases. In the near future, we are going to provide all the cumulus cases from Jan. 1997 to present whenever the two datasets are available. The original 2 data sets:

  11. sgp_stratus_poster_v1.0.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, ,Development1 Comparison ofseligerPersistence of

  12. ARM - Field Campaign - Measuring Clouds at SGP with Stereo Photogrammetry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- Polarization Diversity Lidar (PDL) Campaign LinksUltra-HighParsivel

  13. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: The SGP Aerosol

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa-Anomalous Radiative AbsorptionARM InArctic Facilityand Newandofspatialof

  14. * SGP Central Facility - surrounded by wheat felds, the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) - Energy Innovation Portal Advanced Materials AdvancedOilin the

  15. New Atmospheric Profiling Instrument Added to SGP CART Suite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011R - 445 CU - 2 3 1 Nevis -Approaches to3

  16. New Eddy Correlation System for ARM SGP Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011R - 445 CU - 2 3NewNew

  17. ARM - PI Product - Aerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat fluxChinaNews :ProductsAerosol Retrievals from ARM

  18. Continental Liquid-phase Stratus Clouds at SGP: Meteorological Influences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution And Bylaws |Contact UsContactsContemplating

  19. Surface Albedo at ARM SGP from Helicopter Observations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure ofIndustrialSupportingAlbedo at the Atmospheric Radiation

  20. Simultaneous Spectral Albedo Measurements Near the ARM SGP Central Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9Morgan McCorkle CommunicationsSimultaneous Spectral

  1. CIMEL Measurements of Zenith Radiances at the ARM SGP Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o . C l a r k C o'IUHopper3CHOS2,2,CIMEL

  2. An Overview of the SGP Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternative FuelsSanta FeAuthorization| Iron is the mostConnectAn

  3. Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12 Investigation Peer Review 2012 May 9, 2012 Subject:

  4. Deployment of a New Shortwave Spectroradiometer (SWS) at the SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDECOMPOSITIONPortalTo helpUniversitiesofDepartmentalDeployment of a

  5. Direct Aerosol Forcing in the Infrared at the SGP Site?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign: Potential ApplicationYu,EnergyDimitriDirac

  6. A9RB1B5.tmp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has since fallen because of new production outages. Intermittent supply outages in Libya will most likely persist as the country faces political instability and a deteriorated...

  7. A9RB1B5.tmp

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil ElectricityUsing EIA's

  8. New Boundaries | Issue 16 | June 2013 Treatmentandsupport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    treatments for cancer, for both adults and children, and how we influence healthcare policy to improve|UniversityofSouthampton 5 #12;NewBoundaries|June2013|UniversityofSouthampton6 Cancer treatments researched challenging issues facing society today, from the global need for sustainable energy to innovative treatments

  9. Neumann Conditions on Fractal Boundaries Yves Achdou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achdou, Yves

    is part of a wider project aimed at simulating the diffusion of medical sprays in lungs. Since the exchanges between the lungs and the circulatory system take place only in the last generations a nonhomogeneous Neumann or Robin condition on the top boundary . Similarly, the lungs are mechanically coupled

  10. The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundaries H . S C O T T M A T T H E W S , C H R I and organizations are pursuing "carbon footprint" projects to estimate their own contributions to global climate change. Protocol definitions from carbon registries help organizations analyze their footprints

  11. TRACKING DYNAMIC BOUNDARIES BY EVOLVING Tingting Jiang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tingting Jiang

    range of applications. An example in image processing is the analysis of image sequences taken might track the boundary of a forest fire. Other applications include tracking spills of oil or poisonous gas, or clouds and weather patterns. In this dissertation, the author describes a new tracking

  12. Integrable Boundaries, Conformal Boundary Conditions and A-D-E Fusion Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger E. Behrend; Paul A. Pearce; Jean-Bernard Zuber

    1998-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The $sl(2)$ minimal theories are labelled by a Lie algebra pair $(A,G)$ where $G$ is of $A$-$D$-$E$ type. For these theories on a cylinder we conjecture a complete set of conformal boundary conditions labelled by the nodes of the tensor product graph $A\\otimes G$. The cylinder partition functions are given by fusion rules arising from the graph fusion algebra of $A\\otimes G$. We further conjecture that, for each conformal boundary condition, an integrable boundary condition exists as a solution of the boundary Yang-Baxter equation for the associated lattice model. The theory is illustrated using the $(A_4,D_4)$ or 3-state Potts model.

  13. The relationship between grain boundary structure, defect mobility, and grain boundary sink efficiency

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Uberuaga, Blas Pedro; Vernon, Louis J.; Martinez, Enrique; Voter, Arthur F.

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanocrystalline materials have received great attention due to their potential for improved functionality and have been proposed for extreme environments where the interfaces are expected to promote radiation tolerance. However, the precise role of the interfaces in modifying defect behavior is unclear. Using long-time simulations methods, we determine the mobility of defects and defect clusters at grain boundaries in Cu. We find that mobilities vary significantly with boundary structure and cluster size, with larger clusters exhibiting reduced mobility, and that interface sink efficiency depends on the kinetics of defects within the interface via the in-boundary annihilation rate of defects. Thus,more »sink efficiency is a strong function of defect mobility, which depends on boundary structure, a property that evolves with time. Further, defect mobility at boundaries can be slower than in the bulk, which has general implications for the properties of polycrystalline materials. Finally, we correlate defect energetics with the volumes of atomic sites at the boundary.« less

  14. Cylinder kernel expansion of Casimir energy with a Robin boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zhonghai

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the Casimir energy of a massless scalar field obeying the Robin boundary condition on one plate and the Dirichlet boundary condition on another plate for two parallel plates with a separation of alpha. The Casimir energy densities...

  15. Cylinder kernel expansion of Casimir energy with a Robin boundary 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zhonghai

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the Casimir energy of a massless scalar field obeying the Robin boundary condition on one plate and the Dirichlet boundary condition on another plate for two parallel plates with a separation of alpha. The ...

  16. Thermodynamic stability and implications of anisotropic boundary particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siem, Ellen J. (Ellen Jane), 1979-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) Generally, a boundary is nonplanar in the neighborhood of an attached particle--even when anisotropic interfacial free energies do not produce faceting-and maintains a icKy = 0 while the boundary particles maintain ...

  17. Turbulent Fluxes in Stably Stratified Boundary Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'vov, Victor S; Rudenko, Oleksii; 10.1088/0031-8949/2008/T132/014010

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an extended version of an invited talk given on the International Conference "Turbulent Mixing and Beyond". The dynamical and statistical description of stably stratified turbulent boundary layers with the important example of the stable atmospheric boundary layer in mind is addressed. Traditional approaches to this problem, based on the profiles of mean quantities, velocity second-order correlations, and dimensional estimates of the turbulent thermal flux run into a well known difficulty, predicting the suppression of turbulence at a small critical value of the Richardson number, in contradiction with observations. Phenomenological attempts to overcome this problem suffer from various theoretical inconsistencies. Here we present an approach taking into full account all the second-order statistics, which allows us to respect the conservation of total mechanical energy. The analysis culminates in an analytic solution of the profiles of all mean quantities and all second-order correlations removing t...

  18. Nuclear Power Plant Containment Pressure Boundary Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherry, J.L.; Chokshi, N.C.; Costello, J.F.; Ellingwood, B.R.; Naus, D.J.

    1999-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Research to address aging of the containment pressure boundary in light-water reactor plants is summarized. This research is aimed at understanding the significant factors relating occurrence of corrosion, efficacy of inspection, and structural capacity reduction of steel containment and liners of concrete containment. This understanding will lead to improvements in risk-informed regulatory decision making. Containment pressure boundary components are described and potential aging factors identified. Quantitative tools for condition assessments of aging structures to maintain an acceptable level of reliability over the service life of the plant are discussed. Finally, the impact of aging (i.e., loss of shell thickness due to corrosion) on steel containment fragility for a pressurized water reactor ice-condenser plant is presented.

  19. Boundary Plasma Turbulence Simulations for Tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, X; Umansky, M; Dudson, B; Snyder, P

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The boundary plasma turbulence code BOUT models tokamak boundary-plasma turbulence in a realistic divertor geometry using modified Braginskii equations for plasma vorticity, density (ni), electron and ion temperature (T{sub e}; T{sub i}) and parallel momenta. The BOUT code solves for the plasma fluid equations in a three dimensional (3D) toroidal segment (or a toroidal wedge), including the region somewhat inside the separatrix and extending into the scrape-off layer; the private flux region is also included. In this paper, a description is given of the sophisticated physical models, innovative numerical algorithms, and modern software design used to simulate edge-plasmas in magnetic fusion energy devices. The BOUT code's unique capabilities and functionality are exemplified via simulations of the impact of plasma density on tokamak edge turbulence and blob dynamics.

  20. Open Boundary Conditions for Dissipative MHD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, E T

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In modeling magnetic confinement, astrophysics, and plasma propulsion, representing the entire physical domain is often difficult or impossible, and artificial, or 'open' boundaries are appropriate. A novel open boundary condition (BC) for dissipative MHD, called Lacuna-based open BC (LOBC), is presented. LOBC, based on the idea of lacuna-based truncation originally presented by V.S. Ryaben'kii and S.V. Tsynkov, provide truncation with low numerical noise and minimal reflections. For hyperbolic systems, characteristic-based BC (CBC) exist for separating the solution into outgoing and incoming parts. In the hyperbolic-parabolic dissipative MHD system, such separation is not possible, and CBC are numerically unstable. LOBC are applied in dissipative MHD test problems including a translating FRC, and coaxial-electrode plasma acceleration. Solution quality is compared to solutions using CBC and zero-normal derivative BC. LOBC are a promising new open BC option for dissipative MHD.

  1. Mineralogical effects on the detectability of the postperovskite boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Mineralogical effects on the detectability of the postperovskite boundary Brent Grocholskia,1 discontinuity to the Pv - pPv boundary in pyrolite (homogenized mantle composition). Furthermore, the mineralogy have a detectable Pv - pPv boundary due to their distinct mineralogy. Therefore, the observation

  2. ANNIVERSARY REVIEW Grain boundary energy anisotropy: a review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    energy (B) gained when the two surfaces are brought together and new bonds are formed. The grain boundaryANNIVERSARY REVIEW Grain boundary energy anisotropy: a review Gregory S. Rohrer Received: 29 April 2011 Abstract This paper reviews findings on the anisotropy of the grain boundary energies. After

  3. A minimum problem with free boundary for a degenerate quasilinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 8, 2005 ... By the strong minimum principle, w0 = 0 in B5/8, since w0 ? 0 and w0(0) ..... 4.7 in [2] and pp. 19–20 in [3]; see also our proof of Theorem 5.1.

  4. Invariance properties of boundary sets of open embeddings of manifolds and their application to the abstract boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Fama; Susan M. Scott

    1994-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The {\\em abstract boundary\\/} (or {\\em {\\em a\\/}-boundary\\/}) of Scott and Szekeres \\cite{Scott94} constitutes a ``boundary'' to any $n$-dimensional, paracompact, connected, Hausdorff, $C^\\infty$-manifold (without a boundary in the usual sense). In general relativity one deals with a {\\em space-% time\\/} $(\\cM,g)$ (a 4-dimensional manifold $\\cM$ with a Lorentzian metric $g$), together with a chosen preferred class of curves in $\\cM$. In this case the {\\em a\\/}-boundary points may represent ``singularities'' or ``points at infinity''. Since the {\\em a\\/}-boundary itself, however, does not depend on the existence of further structure on the manifold such as a Lorentzian metric or connection, it is possible for it to be used in many contexts. In this paper we develop some purely topological properties of abstract boundary sets and abstract boundary points ({\\em a\\/}-boundary points). We prove, amongst other things, that compactness is invariant under boundary set equivalence, and introduce another invariant concept ({\\em isolation\\/}), which encapsulates the notion that a boundary set is ``separated'' from other boundary points of the same embedding. ....... [The abstract continues in paper proper - truncated to fit here.

  5. Harmonic initial-boundary evolution in general relativity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babiuc, Maria C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Szilagyi, Bela [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany); Winicour, Jeffrey [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany)

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann, and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.

  6. Harmonic Initial-Boundary Evolution in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maria C. Babiuc; Bela Szilagyi; Jeffrey Winicour

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.

  7. Plasma waves reflection from a boundary with specular accommodative boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. V. Gritsienko; A. V. Latyshev; A. A. Yushkanov

    2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work the linearized problem of plasma wave reflection from a boundary of a half--space is solved analytically. Specular accommodative conditions of plasma wave reflection from plasma boundary are taken into consideration. Wave reflectance is found as function of the given parameters of the problem, and its dependence on the normal electron momentum accommodation coefficient is shown by the authors. The case of resonance when the frequency of self-consistent electric field oscillations is close to the proper (Langmuir) plasma oscillations frequency, namely, the case of long wave limit is analyzed. Refs. 17. Figs. 6.

  8. Microfluidics: The no-slip boundary condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Lauga; Michael P. Brenner; Howard A. Stone

    2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The no-slip boundary condition at a solid-liquid interface is at the center of our understanding of fluid mechanics. However, this condition is an assumption that cannot be derived from first principles and could, in theory, be violated. We present a review of recent experimental, numerical and theoretical investigations on the subject. The physical picture that emerges is that of a complex behavior at a liquid/solid interface, involving an interplay of many physico-chemical parameters, including wetting, shear rate, pressure, surface charge, surface roughness, impurities and dissolved gas.

  9. Supergravity at the boundary of AdS supergravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amsel, Aaron J.; Compere, Geoffrey [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a general analysis of AdS boundary conditions for spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger fields and investigate boundary conditions preserving supersymmetry for a graviton multiplet in AdS{sub 4}. Linear Rarita-Schwinger fields in AdS{sub d} are shown to admit mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions when their mass is in the range 0{<=}|m|<1/2l{sub AdS}. We also demonstrate that mixed boundary conditions are allowed for larger masses when the inner product is 'renormalized' accordingly with the action. We then use the results obtained for |m|=1/l{sub AdS} to explore supersymmetric boundary conditions for N=1 AdS{sub 4} supergravity in which the metric and Rarita-Schwinger fields are fluctuating at the boundary. We classify boundary conditions that preserve boundary supersymmetry or superconformal symmetry. Under the AdS/CFT dictionary, Neumann boundary conditions in d=4 supergravity correspond to gauging the superconformal group of the three-dimensional CFT describing M2-branes, while N=1 supersymmetric mixed boundary conditions couple the CFT to N=1 superconformal topologically massive gravity.

  10. An outflow boundary condition and algorithm for incompressible two ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dong

    2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 22, 2014 ... [8] S. Dong, G.E. Karniadakis, C. Chryssostomidis, A robust and accurate outflow boundary condition for incompressible flow simulations on ...

  11. an inverse boundary value problem for the stationary transport ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    outer normal to ?X at x ? ?X. Let us denote by f the solution (if exists) to the following boundary value problem for the stationary linear transport (Boltzmann)

  12. arctic boundary layer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of many theoretical studies over the last forty years. (A Davies, Christopher 18 Tropical cyclone boundary layer shocks CERN Preprints Summary: This paper presents numerical...

  13. absorbing boundary condition: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Absorbing Boundary Condition, Domain Decomposition and Hydrodynamic Wave Model O. Wilk Introduction. appli. (wave equation) Num. appli. (hydro. wave model)...

  14. antiphase domain boundaries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Absorbing Boundary Condition, Domain Decomposition and Hydrodynamic Wave Model O. Wilk Introduction. appli. (wave equation) Num. appli. (hydro. wave model)...

  15. absorbing boundary conditions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Absorbing Boundary Condition, Domain Decomposition and Hydrodynamic Wave Model O. Wilk Introduction. appli. (wave equation) Num. appli. (hydro. wave model)...

  16. Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid crys- tals. Abstract. We investigate variational problems for an energy developed by the.

  17. atmosphere boundary layer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature The wind speed response to mesoscale SST variability is investigated over the Agulhas Return Current...

  18. atmospheric boundary layer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature The wind speed response to mesoscale SST variability is investigated over the Agulhas Return Current...

  19. atmospheric boundary layers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature The wind speed response to mesoscale SST variability is investigated over the Agulhas Return Current...

  20. Friction of Steel Sliding Under Boundary Lubrication Regime in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by reducing parasitic boundary regime friction losses and enable operation with lower viscosity oils while maintaining engine durability. deer08erck.pdf More Documents &...

  1. On deriving nonreflecting boundary conditions in generalized curvilinear coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian Sescu

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, nonreflecting boundary conditions in generalized three-dimensional curvilinear coordinates are derived, relying on the original analysis that was done in Cartesian two-dimensional coordinates by Giles (AIAA Journal, 28.12, 2050-2058, 1990). A thorough Fourier analysis of the linearized Euler equation is performed to determine the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors that are then used to derive the appropriate inflow and outflow boundary conditions. The analysis lacks rigorous proof of the well-posedness in the general case, which is open to investigation (a weak assumption is introduced here to complete the boundary conditions). The boundary conditions derived here are not tested on specific applications.

  2. EA-1973: Kootenai River Restoration at Bonners Ferry, Boundary...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Kootenai River Restoration at Bonners Ferry, Boundary County, Idaho Summary Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is preparing an EA to assess the potential environmental impacts...

  3. Immersed Boundary Methods for High-Resolution Simulation of Atmospheric Boundary-Layer Flow Over Complex Terrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundquist, Katherine Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    large-eddy simulations within mesoscale simulations for windEddy Simulation of a Mesoscale Convective Internal Boundary185, 1957. Pielke, R. , Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling,

  4. Comparison of reflection boundary conditions for langevin equation modeling of convective boundary layer dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasstrom, J.S.; Ermak, D.L.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lagrangian stochastic modeling based on the Langevin equation has been shown to be useful for simulating vertical dispersion of trace material in the convective boundary layer or CBL. This modeling approach can account for the effects of the long velocity correlation time scales, skewed vertical velocity distributions, and vertically inhomogeneous turbulent properties found in the CBL. It has been recognized that Langevin equation models assuming skewed but homogenous velocity statistics can capture the important aspects of diffusion from sources in the CBL, especially elevated sources. We compare three reflection boundary conditions using two different Langevin-equation-based numerical models for vertical dispersion in skewed, homogeneous turbulence. One model, described by Ermak and Nasstrom (1995) is based on a Langevin equation with a skewed random force and a linear deterministic force. The second model, used by Hurley and Physick (1993) is based on a Langevin equation with a Gaussian random force and a non-linear deterministic force. The reflection boundary conditions are all based on the approach described by Thompson and Montgomery (1994).

  5. Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic April 5, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Boundary approximate controllability of some linear parabolic systems April 5, 2013 Guillaume Olive controllability of two classes of linear parabolic systems, namely a system of n heat equations coupled through are the only ones concerning the boundary controllability of linear parabolic systems of heat-type. For more

  6. Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries JeanMarc Schlenker \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlenker, Jean-Marc

    Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries Jean­Marc Schlenker \\Lambda February 2, 1999 Abstract Let (M; @M) be a compact m+1­manifold with boundary with an Einstein metric g 0 , with ric g0 = \\Gammamg metric on @M . Then any metric close enough to h 0 is induced on @M by an Einstein metric g with ric g

  7. Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries Jean-Marc Schlenker*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlenker, Jean-Marc

    Einstein manifolds with convex boundaries Jean Let (M, @M) be a compact m+1-manifold with boundary with an Einstein me* *tric g0, with ricg0 be the induced metric on @M. Then any metric close e* *nough to h0 is induced on @M by an Einstein metric g

  8. Riemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yi-Zhi

    of quantum field theory. When a definition of quantum field theory is given mathematically, a wellRiemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator algebras Yi-Zhi Huang Abstract The connection between Riemann surfaces with boundaries and the theory of vertex operator algebras is discussed

  9. Boundary filters for vector particles passing parity breaking domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolevatov, S. S.; Andrianov, A. A. [Saint Petersburg State University, 1 ul. Ulyanovskaya, St. Petersburg, 198504 (Russian Federation)

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrodynamics supplemented with a Lorenz and CPT invariance violating Chern-Simons (CS) action (Carrol-Field-Jackiw electrodynamics) is studied when the parity-odd medium is bounded by a hyperplane separating it from the vacuum. The solutions in both half-spaces are carefully discussed and for space-like boundary stitched on the boundary with help of the Bogolubov transformations. The presence of two different Fock vacua is shown. The passage of photons and massive vector mesons through a boundary between the CS medium and the vacuum of conventional Maxwell electrodynamics is investigated. Effects of reflection from a boundary (up to the total one) are revealed when vector particles escape to vacuum and income from vacuum passing the boundary.

  10. SHORT-TERM EVOLUTION OF CORONAL HOLE BOUNDARIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krista, Larisza D.; Gallagher, Peter T.; Bloomfield, D. Shaun [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of open and closed field lines at coronal hole (CH) boundaries is widely accepted to be due to interchange magnetic reconnection. To date, it is unclear how the boundaries vary on short timescales and at what velocity this occurs. Here, we describe an automated boundary tracking method used to determine CH boundary displacements on short timescales. The boundary displacements were found to be isotropic and to have typical expansion/contraction speeds of {<=}2 km s{sup -1}, which indicate magnetic reconnection rates of {<=}3 x 10{sup -3}. The observed displacements were used in conjunction with the interchange reconnection model to derive typical diffusion coefficients of {<=}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. These results are consistent with an interchange reconnection process in the low corona driven by the random granular motions of open and closed fields in the photosphere.

  11. Impact significance determination-Pushing the boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, David P. [P.O. Station A, Box 3475, Langley, B.C., V3A 4R8 (Canada)], E-mail: lawenv@telus.net

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Impact significance determination practice tends to be highly variable. Too often insufficient consideration is given to good practice insights. Also, impact significance determinations are frequently narrowly defined addressing, for example, only individual, negative impacts, focusing on bio-physical impacts, and not seeking to integrate either the Precautionary Principle or sustainability. This article seeks to extend the boundaries of impact significance determination practice by providing an overview of good general impact significance practices, together with stakeholder roles and potential methods for addressing significance determination challenges. Relevant thresholds, criteria, contextual considerations and support methods are also highlighted. The analysis is then extended to address how impact significance determination practices change for positive as compared with negative impacts, for cumulative as compared with individual impacts, for socio-economic as compared with bio-physical impacts, when the Precautionary Principle is integrated into the process, and when sustainability contributions drive the EIA process and related impact significance determinations. These refinements can assist EIA practitioners in ensuring that the scope and nature of impact significance determinations reflect the broadened scope of emerging EIA requirements and practices. Suggestions are included for further refining and testing of the proposed changes to impact significance determination practice.

  12. Irradiation Assisted Grain Boundary Segregation in Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Zheng; Faulkner, Roy G. [IPTME, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics (United Kingdom)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The understanding of radiation-induced grain boundary segregation (RIS) has considerably improved over the past decade. New models have been introduced and much effort has been devoted to obtaining comprehensive information on segregation from the literature. Analytical techniques have also improved so that chemical analysis of layers 1 nm thick is almost routine. This invited paper will review the major methods used currently for RIS prediction: namely, Rate Theory, Inverse Kirkendall, and Solute Drag approaches. A summary is made of the available data on phosphorus RIS in reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels. This will be discussed in the light of the predictions of the various models in an effort to show which models are the most reliable and easy to use for forecasting P segregation behaviour in steels. A consequence of RIS in RPV steels is a radiation induced shift in the ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). It will be shown how it is possible to relate radiation-induced P segregation levels to DBTT shift. Examples of this exercise will be given for RPV steels and for ferritic steels being considered for first wall fusion applications. Cr RIS in high alloy stainless steels and associated irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) will be briefly discussed. (authors)

  13. Calculations of composition boundaries of saturated phases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, L.; Hahn, S.

    1983-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A program for the HP-41CV calculator is presented for calculating the equilibrium composition boundaries of pairs of saturating solids, liquids, or a combination of a solid and liquid. The activity coefficients must be represented in the form ln ..gamma../sub 1/ = (b/sub h//T - b/sub s/)x/sub 2//sup 2/ + (c/sub h//T - c/sub x/)x/sub 2//sup 3/ where h refers to an enthalpy contribution and s refers to an excess entropy contribution. For solid-liquid equilibria, enthalpies and entropies of fusion are required. For all equilibria, provision is made for use of hypothetical standard states such as the Henry's Law standard states. For example, in treating solid solutions of molybdenum in face-centered cubic metals such as Ni, Rh, or Pt, it is sometimes convenient to use a hypothetical fcc standard state of Mo which represents the limiting Henry's Law behavior of Mo in the fcc metal and has much different properties than a real fcc molybdenum solid.

  14. The Relationship Between Grain Boundary Energy, Grain Boundary Complexion Transitions, and Grain Size in Ca-doped Yttria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    The Relationship Between Grain Boundary Energy, Grain Boundary Complexion Transitions, and Grain complexions. One idea is that complexion transitions occur to lower the average energy of the interface energy. Experiments on doped aluminas have shown that a complexion transition can change the relative

  15. Explicit Supersymmetry Breaking on Boundaries of Warped Extra Dimensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, Lawrence J.; Nomura, Yasunori; Okui, Takemichi; Oliver, Steven J.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Explicit supersymmetry breaking is studied in higher dimensional theories by having boundaries respect only a subgroup of the bulk symmetry. If the boundary symmetry is the maximal subgroup allowed by the boundary conditions imposed on the fields, then the symmetry can be consistently gauged; otherwise gauging leads to an inconsistent theory. In a warped fifth dimension, an explicit breaking of all bulk supersymmetries by the boundaries is found to be inconsistent with gauging; unlike the case of flat 5D, complete supersymmetry breaking by boundary conditions is not consistent with supergravity. Despite this result, the low energy effective theory resulting from boundary supersymmetry breaking becomes consistent in the limit where gravity decouples, and such models are explored in the hope that some way of successfully incorporating gravity can be found. A warped constrained standard model leads to a theory with one Higgs boson with mass expected close to the experimental limit. A unified theory in a warped fifth dimension is studied with boundary breaking of both SU(5) gauge symmetry and supersymmetry. The usual supersymmetric predictionfor gauge coupling unification holds even though the TeV spectrum is quite unlike the MSSM. Such a theory may unify matter and Higgs in the same SU(5) hypermultiplet.

  16. Influence of attrition milling on nano-grain boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawers, J.; Cook, D.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanostructured materials have a relatively large proportion of their atoms associated with the grain boundary, and the method used to develop the nano-grains has a strong influence on the resulting grain boundary structure. In this study, attrition milling iron powders and blends of iron powders produced micron-size particles composed of nano-size grains. Mechanical cold-working powder resulted in dislocation generation, multiplication, and congealing that produced grain refinement. As the grain size approached nano-dimensions, dislocations were no longer sustained within the grain and once generated, rapidly diffused to the grain boundary. Dislocations on the grain boundary strained the local lattice structure which, as the grain size decreased, became the entire grain. Mechanical alloying of substitutional aluminium atoms into iron powder resulted in the aluminium atoms substituting for iron atoms in the grain boundary cells and providing a grain boundary structure similar to that of the iron powder processed in argon. Attrition milling iron powder in nitrogen gas resulted in nitrogen atoms being adsorbed onto the particle surface. Continued mechanical milling infused the nitrogen atoms into interstitial lattice sites on the grain boundary which also contributed to expanding and straining the local lattice.

  17. 5/23/13 EBSCOhost ehis.ebscohost.com.libproxy.mit.edu/ehost/delivery?sid=24f6d6e6-10b5-495d-90c9-221fc19a83fe%40sessionmgr114&vid=7&hid=107 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    strike plan, and the number and types of nuclear delivery systems required to meet future security needs power. U.S. nuclear forces can deter aggression in unstable regions of the world. Saddam Hussein hasd6e6-10b5-495d-90c9-221fc19a83fe%40sessionmgr114&vid=7&hid=107 2/2 hard-line leadership of China

  18. Analytic Model of the Universal Structure of Turbulent Boundary Layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor S. L'vov; Itamar Procaccia; Oleksii Rudenko

    2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Turbulent boundary layers exhibit a universal structure which nevertheless is rather complex, being composed of a viscous sub-layer, a buffer zone, and a turbulent log-law region. In this letter we present a simple analytic model of turbulent boundary layers which culminates in explicit formulae for the profiles of the mean velocity, the kinetic energy and the Reynolds stress as a function of the distance from the wall. The resulting profiles are in close quantitative agreement with measurements over the entire structure of the boundary layer, without any need of re-fitting in the different zones.

  19. Grain-boundary engineering markedly reduces susceptibility to intergranular hydrogen embrittlement in metallic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    Grain-boundary engineering markedly reduces susceptibility to intergranular hydrogen embrittlement. Keywords: Hydrogen embrittlement; Intergranular cracking; Grain-boundary engineering; Special boundaries,e,* a Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA b

  20. Estimation of grain boundary segregation enthalpy and its role in stable nanocrystalline alloy design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuh, Christopher A.

    Grain boundary segregation provides a method for stabilization of nanocrystalline metals—an alloying element that will segregate to the boundaries can lower the grain boundary energy, attenuating the driving force for grain ...

  1. Using statistical models to predict phrase boundaries for speech synthesis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Eric; Taylor, Paul A

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a variety of methods for inserting phrase boundaries in text. The methods work by examining the likelihood of a phrase break occurring in a sequence of three part-of-speech tags. The paper explains ...

  2. advancing subduction boundary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    widens the thermally-defined seismogenic zone by shifting the intersection of the 350 C isotherm within the plate boundary fault 30 55 km landward. In contrast to the Nankai...

  3. Static electric field in one-dimensional insulators without boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Ting

    In this brief report, we show that in a one-dimensional insulating system with periodic boundary conditions, the coefficient of the ? term in the effective theory is not only determined by the topological index ?i?[superscript ...

  4. Symmetry in exterior boundary value problems for quasilinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    symmetry for the solution u and for the condenser ?i when the overdetermined boundary condition |Du| = c > 0 on d?i is imposed. This provides a new proof of a

  5. 3?D Surface Topography Boundary Conditions in Seismic Wave Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hestholm, Stig

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New alternative formulations of exact boundary conditions for arbitrary three{dimensional (3?D) free surface topographies on seismic media have been derived. They are shown to be equivalent with previously published ...

  6. Grain Boundary (GB) Studies in Nano- and Micro- Crystalline Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanju, Mst Sohanazaman

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    boundaries in silicon? Materials research society, Vol.122,bicrystal? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3137- 5.in ZnO? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3067-3074. 6.

  7. Crossing the Boundaries in Information Science: Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Crossing the Boundaries in Information Science: Perspectives on Interdisciplinarity Tatjana Aparac, interdisciplinarity, research agenda ­information science, documentation. ABSTRACT Information science has often been & Barlow, 2012), while the development of information science in Europe has largely stayed close

  8. Quantum statistical correlations in thermal field theories: Boundary effective theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bessa, A. [Escola de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Brandt, F. T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carvalho, C. A. A. de; Fraga, E. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the one-loop effective action at finite temperature for a scalar field with quartic interaction has the same renormalized expression as at zero temperature if written in terms of a certain classical field {phi}{sub c}, and if we trade free propagators at zero temperature for their finite-temperature counterparts. The result follows if we write the partition function as an integral over field eigenstates (boundary fields) of the density matrix element in the functional Schroedinger field representation, and perform a semiclassical expansion in two steps: first, we integrate around the saddle point for fixed boundary fields, which is the classical field {phi}{sub c}, a functional of the boundary fields; then, we perform a saddle-point integration over the boundary fields, whose correlations characterize the thermal properties of the system. This procedure provides a dimensionally reduced effective theory for the thermal system. We calculate the two-point correlation as an example.

  9. Grain boundary relaxation strengthening of nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rupert, Timothy J.

    The hardening effect caused by the relaxation of nonequilibrium grain boundary structure has been explored in nanocrystalline Ni–W alloys. First, the kinetics of relaxation hardening are studied, showing that higher annealing ...

  10. Boundary Circles of Mixed Phase Space, Hamiltonian Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Or Alus; Shmuel Fishman; James D. Meiss

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase space of an area-preserving map typically contains infinitely many elliptic islands embedded in a chaotic sea. Orbits near the boundary of a chaotic region have been observed to stick for long times, strongly influencing their transport properties. The boundary is composed of invariant circles, called "Boundary circles." We investigate the distribution of rotation numbers of boundary circles for the Henon quadratic map and show that the probability of occurrence of small elements of their continued fraction expansions is larger than would be expected for a number chosen at random. However, large elements occur with probabilities distributed proportionally to the random case. These results have implications for models of transport in mixed phase space.

  11. An uncertainty principle, Wegner estimates and localization near fluctuation boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne Boutet de Monvel; Daniel Lenz; Peter Stollmann

    2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a simple uncertainty principle and show that it can be applied to prove Wegner estimates near fluctuation boundaries. This gives new classes of models for which localization at low energies can be proven.

  12. Quantum Brownian motion near a point-like reflecting boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. A. De Lorenci; E. S. Moreira Jr.; M. M. Silva

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Brownian motion of a test particle interacting with a quantum scalar field in the presence of a perfectly reflecting boundary is studied in (1 + 1)-dimensional flat spacetime. Particularly, the expressions for dispersions in velocity and position of the particle are explicitly derived and their behaviors examined. The results are similar to those corresponding to an electric charge interacting with a quantum electromagnetic field near a reflecting plane boundary, mainly regarding the divergent behavior of the dispersions at the origin (where the boundary is placed), and at the time interval corresponding to a round trip of a light pulse between the particle and the boundary. We close by addressing some effects of allowing the position of the particle to fluctuate.

  13. Reconfiguring Boundary Relations: Robotic Innovations in Pharmacy Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Michael

    Robotics is a rapidly expanding area of digital innovation with important implications for organizational practice in multioccupational settings. This paper explores the influence of robotic innovations on the boundary ...

  14. Interaction between surface and atmosphere in a convective boundary layer /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garai, Anirban

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of cold fluid constitute most of the heat transport andevent cold air descends to the ground, heat transport fromcold air during sweep events. The convective boundary layer has a great influence on moisture transport,

  15. Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.

  16. Eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterman, Stephanie N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the nature of eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets and recirculation gyre dynamics from both theoretical and observational perspectives. It includes theoretical studies of ...

  17. Grain Boundary Structure Effects on Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Tamara

    Grain Boundary Structure Effects on Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking of Alloy X­750 Y. Pan B­of­freedom) and correlations with intergranular stress corrosion cracking observed in Alloy X­750. Orientation imaging

  18. Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term Supply Potential of Domestic Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Andrew; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term SupplyAugust 22, 2007 Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-significant amount of liquid biofuel (equivalent to 30-100%

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - artificial boundary conditions Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    obtained from satellite (above) and GPS mea- surements 1 as boundary conditions. The ice... by Glen's flow law: Boundary conditions are ... Source: Langhorne, Pat - Department...

  20. VANISHING VISCOSITY SOLUTIONS OF HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS WITH BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchini, Stefano

    and travelling profiles 18 4.2. Explicit form for the source terms 25 4.3. Initial­boundary data decomposition 28. Interaction functionals 36 6.1. Interactions of waves of di#erent families 37 6.2. Interactions of waves analisys is the parabolic system with boundary E:parasys1 (1.1) u t +A(u)u x = u xx in t # R + , x # (x b

  1. Distributed boundary layer suction utilizing wing tip effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Jay Thomas

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of this system to existing light aircraft would present no mechanical complications, either in the perforation of the wings or in the maintenance of the system. Recommendations for Other A lications 1. An investigation into the possibility of delaying... Means of Effecting Boundary Layer Control by Suction, " Aeronautical En ineerin Review, September, 1953. 17. Cornish, J. , "Practical High Lift Systems Using Distributed Boundary Layer Control, " Research Report $19, Miss. State College, 1958. 18...

  2. A multipoint boundary value problem solver with implicit time stepping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Donald Arthur

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MULTIPOINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM SOLVER WITH IMPLICIT TIME STEPPING A Thesis by DONALD ARTHUR CURTIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering A MULTIPOINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM SOLVER WITH IMPLICIT TIME STEPPING A Thesis by DONALD ARTHUR CURTIS Approved as to style and content by: Ralph E. White (Chair of Committee) Albert T...

  3. Intimacy, Manipulation, and the Maintenance of Social Boundaries at San Quentin Prison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindahl, Nicole

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manipulation, and the Maintenance of Social Boundaries atand volunteers to explore the maintenance and regulation of

  4. Structural Dependence of Grain Boundary Resistance in Copper Nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Tae Hwan [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Radhakrishnan, Bala [ORNL; Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam [ORNL; Evans III, Boyd Mccutchen [ORNL; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Li, An-Ping [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current choice of the interconnect metal in integrated circuits is copper due to its higher electrical conductivity and improved electromigration reliability in comparison with aluminum. However, with reducing feature sizes, the resistance of copper interconnects (lines) increases dramatically. Greater resistance will result in higher energy use, more heat generation, more failure due to electromigration, and slower switching speeds. To keep pace with the projected planar transistor density, the first challenge is to identify the dominant factors that contribute to the high interconnect resistance. Here we directly measure individual grain boundary (GB) resistances in copper nanowires with a one-to-one correspondence to the GB structure. The specific resistivities of particular GBs are measured using four-probe scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to establish a direct link between GB structure and the resistance. High-angle random GBs contribute to a specific resistivity of about 25 10-12 cm2 for each boundary, while coincidence boundaries are significantly less-resistive than random boundaries. Thus, replacing random boundaries with coincidence ones would be a route to suppress the GB impact to the resistivity of polycrystalline conductors. Acknowledgement: The research was supported by the Division of Scientific User Facilities, U. S. Department of Energy.

  5. Superconducting circuit boundary conditions beyond the Dynamical Casimir Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Doukas; Jorma Louko

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We study analytically the time-dependent boundary conditions of superconducting microwave circuit experiments in the high plasma frequency limit, in which the conditions are Robin-type and relate the value of the field to the spatial derivative of the field. We give an explicit solution to the field evolution for boundary condition modulations that are small in magnitude but may have arbitrary time dependence, in a formalism that applies both to a semiopen waveguide and to a closed waveguide with two independently adjustable boundaries. The correspondence between the microwave Robin boundary conditions and the mechanically-moving Dirichlet boundary conditions of the Dynamical Casimir Effect is shown to break down at high field frequencies, approximately one order of magnitude above the frequencies probed in the 2011 experiment of Wilson et al. Our results bound the parameter regime in which a microwave circuit can be used to model relativistic effects in a mechanically-moving cavity, and they show that beyond this parameter regime moving mirrors produce more particles and generate more entanglement than their non-moving microwave waveguide simulations.

  6. Wind on the boundary for the Abelian sandpile model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe Ruelle

    2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our investigation of the two-dimensional Abelian sandpile model in terms of a logarithmic conformal field theory with central charge c=-2, by introducing two new boundary conditions. These have two unusual features: they carry an intrinsic orientation, and, more strangely, they cannot be imposed uniformly on a whole boundary (like the edge of a cylinder). They lead to seven new boundary condition changing fields, some of them being in highest weight representations (weights -1/8, 0 and 3/8), some others belonging to indecomposable representations with rank 2 Jordan cells (lowest weights 0 and 1). Their fusion algebra appears to be in full agreement with the fusion rules conjectured by Gaberdiel and Kausch.

  7. Schrödinger functional boundary conditions and improvement for N>3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Hietanen; Tuomas Karavirta; Pol Vilaseca

    2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard method to calculate non-perturbatively the evolution of the running coupling of a SU(N) gauge theory is based on the Schr\\"odinger functional (SF). In this paper we construct a family of boundary fields for general values of N which enter the standard definition of the SF coupling. We provide spatial boundary conditions for fermions in several representations which reduce the condition number of the squared Dirac operator. In addition, we calculate the O(a) improvement coefficients for N>3 needed to remove boundary cutoff effects from the gauge action. After this, residual cutoff effects on the step scaling function are shown to be very small even when considering non-fundamental representations. We also calculate the ratio of Lambda parameters between the MS-bar and SF schemes.

  8. Contaminant Boundary at the Faultless Underground Nuclear Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Pohll; Karl Pohlmann; Jeff Daniels; Ahmed Hassan; Jenny Chapman

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) have reached agreement on a corrective action strategy applicable to address the extent and potential impact of radionuclide contamination of groundwater at underground nuclear test locations. This strategy is described in detail in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 2000). As part of the corrective action strategy, the nuclear detonations that occurred underground were identified as geographically distinct corrective action units (CAUs). The strategic objective for each CAU is to estimate over a 1,000-yr time period, with uncertainty quantified, the three-dimensional extent of groundwater contamination that would be considered unsafe for domestic and municipal use. Two types of boundaries (contaminant and compliance) are discussed in the FFACO that will map the three-dimensional extent of radionuclide contamination. The contaminant boundary will identify the region wi th 95 percent certainty that contaminants do not exist above a threshold value. It will be prepared by the DOE and presented to NDEP. The compliance boundary will be produced as a result of negotiation between the DOE and NDEP, and can be coincident with, or differ from, the contaminant boundary. Two different thresholds are considered for the contaminant boundary. One is based on the enforceable National Primary Drinking Water Regulations for radionuclides, which were developed as a requirement of the Safe Drinking Water Act. The other is a risk-based threshold considering applicable lifetime excess cancer-risk-based criteria The contaminant boundary for the Faultless underground nuclear test at the Central Nevada Test Area (CNTA) is calculated using a newly developed groundwater flow and radionuclide transport model that incorporates aspects of both the original three-dimensional model (Pohlmann et al., 1999) and the two-dimensional model developed for the Faultless data decision analysis (DDA) (Pohll and Mihevc, 2000). This new model includes the uncertainty in the three-dimensional spatial distribution of lithology and hydraulic conductivity from the 1999 model as well as the uncertainty in the other flow and transport parameters from the 2000 DDA model. Additionally, the new model focuses on a much smaller region than was included in the earlier models, that is, the subsurface within the UC-1 land withdrawal area where the 1999 model predicted radionuclide transport will occur over the next 1,000 years. The purpose of this unclassified document is to present the modifications to the CNTA groundwater flow and transport model, to present the methodology used to calculate contaminant boundaries, and to present the Safe Drinking Water Act and risk-derived contaminant boundaries for the Faultless underground nuclear test CAU.

  9. Polymer Effects on Heat Transport in Laminar Boundary Layer Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Benzi; Emily S. C. Ching; Vivien W. S. Chu

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a laminar Blasius boundary-layer flow above a slightly heated horizontal plate and study the effect of polymer additives on the heat transport. We show that the action of the polymers can be understood as a space-dependent effective viscosity that first increases from the zero-shear value then decreases exponentially back to the zero-shear value as one moves away from the boundary. We find that with such an effective viscosity, both the horizontal and vertical velocities near the plate are decreased thus leading to an increase in the friction drag and a decrease in the heat transport in the flow.

  10. Fractal boundary basins in spherically symmetric $?^4$ theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ethan P. Honda

    2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are presented from numerical simulations of the flat-space nonlinear Klein-Gordon equa- tion with an asymmetric double-well potential in spherical symmetry. Exit criteria are defined for the simulations that are used to help understand the boundaries of the basins of attraction for Gaussian "bubble" initial data. The first exit criteria, based on the immediate collapse or expan- sion of bubble radius, is used to observe the departure of the scalar field from a static intermediate attractor solution. The boundary separating these two behaviors in parameter space is smooth and demonstrates a time-scaling law with an exponent that depends on the asymmetry of the potential. The second exit criteria differentiates between the creation of an expanding true-vacuum bubble and dispersion of the field leaving the false vacuum; the boundary separating these basins of attraction is shown to demonstrate fractal behavior. The basins are defined by the number of bounces that the field undergoes before inducing a phase transition. A third, hybrid exit criteria is used to determine the location of the boundary to arbitrary precision and to characterize the threshold behavior. The possible effects this behavior might have on cosmological phase transitions are briefly discussed.

  11. An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monneau, Régis

    An Unstable Elliptic Free Boundary Problem arising in Solid Combustion R. Monneau Ecole Nationale in solid combustion. The maximal solution and every local minimizer of the energy are regular, that is, {u combustion, singularity, unstable problem, Aleksandrov reflection, unique blow-up limit, second variation

  12. Two-Baryon Systems with Twisted Boundary Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zohreh Davoudi

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    I derive the most general quantization condition for energy eigenvalues of two interacting baryons in a finite cubic volume when arbitrary twisted boundary conditions are imposed on their finite-volume wavefunctions. These quantization conditions are used, along with experimentally known scattering parameters of two-nucleon systems in the coupled 3S1-3D1 channels, to demonstrate the expected effect of a selection of twisted boundary conditions on the spectrum of the deuteron. It is shown that an order of magnitude reduction in the finite-volume corrections to the deuteron binding energy arise in moderate volumes with a proper choice of boundary conditions on the proton and the neutron, or by averaging the result of periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions. These observations mean that a sub-percent accuracy can be achieved in the determination of the deuteron binding energy at (spatial) volumes as small as ~(9[fm])^3 in upcoming lattice QCD calculations of this nucleus with physical light-quark masses. The results reviewed in this talk are presented in details in Ref. [1].

  13. A MULTIPOLE BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL ELASTOSTATICS 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    A MULTIPOLE BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL ELASTOSTATICS 3 YOSIHIRO YAMADAy z AND KEN. To avoid these problems, Rokhlin proposed the multipole method for the potential prob- lem. This paper requires O(N log N) work and memory. Theoretical error estimates for the multipole expansions are also

  14. Convexity and uniqueness in a free boundary problem arising in ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this subsequence there exists e0 = lim e k, where ek = (y k x 0)=jyk x 0j. Then .... x . Therefore v admits its maximum at the origin y = 0. Hence. (27). jrw + (0)j= lim .... [HS] Henrot, A., Shahgholian, H., Convexity of free boundaries with Bernoulli.

  15. Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick and Hans­known that the corresponding surface has to satisfy the Willmore equation H + 2H(H2 - K) = 0 on , (1) e-mail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local

  16. A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution # Klaus Deckelnick + and Hans Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged + e­mail: Klaus.Deckelnick@ovgu.de # e­mail: Hans of closed Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus was proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Con

  17. Boundary value problems for the onedimensional Willmore equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    Boundary value problems for the one­dimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick # and Hans--known that the corresponding surface # has to satisfy the Willmore equation #H + 2H(H 2 -K) = 0 on #, (1) # e­mail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local

  18. HIGHER REGULARITY OF THE FREE BOUNDARY IN THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    cise asymptotic behavior of the solutions near regular free boundary points. The second and main ...... Next, we compute the Weiss energy functional. W0(r, u) = 1 ..... Theorem 3.4. There exists a small constant ? = ?u > 0, such that T is a home-.

  19. Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    use data from two ends. The non-unit protection such as distance relay, can not protect the entire end only. In this case, the relay at one end can protect the entire line length with no intentional1 Transmission Line Boundary Protection Using Wavelet Transform and Neural Network Nan Zhang

  20. Distributed Roughness Receptivity in a Flat Plate Boundary Layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuester, Matthew Scott

    2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    for the three different unit Reynolds num- ber test conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3.4 Spanwise uniformity of boundary layer integral quantities at x = 870 mm for low unit Reynolds number test condition... with the distributed roughness configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.5 Differential pressure across the flat plate leading edge. . . . . . . . . . 25 3.6 Roughness patch (k = 1 mm), before windowing . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3...

  1. On Boundary Control Problems in Slow Processes for Piezothermoelastic Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriano Montanaro

    2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a piezothermoelastic panel occupied by a material of hexagonal crystal class. We study the response when the boundary conditions vary very slowly with time and one of the bounding faces is subject to thermal exposure. We show that in some cases the temperature on the other bounding face can be controlled by the difference of electric potential between the faces.

  2. Organizational Memory: Processes, Boundary Objects, and Trajectories Mark S. Ackerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerman, Mark S.

    Organizational Memory: Processes, Boundary Objects, and Trajectories Mark S. Ackerman Information 7751 krys@watson.ibm.com Abstract The term organizational memory is due for an overhaul. Memory appears and analyzing organizational memory. 1. Introduction After nearly ten years of research, the term organizational

  3. The Harrison Diffusion Kinetics Regimes in Solute Grain Boundary Diffusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belova, Irina [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia; Fiedler, T [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia; Kulkarni, Nagraj S [ORNL; Murch, Prof. Graeme [University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge of the limits of the principal Harrison kinetics regimes (Type-A, B and C) for grain boundary diffusion is very important for the correct analysis of the depth profiles in a tracer diffusion experiment. These regimes for self-diffusion have been extensively studied in the past by making use of the phenomenological Lattice Monte Carlo (LMC) method with the result that the limits are now well established. The relationship of those self-diffusion limits to the corresponding ones for solute diffusion in the presence of solute segregation to the grain boundaries remains unclear. In the present study, the influence of solute segregation on the limits is investigated with the LMC method for the well-known parallel grain boundary slab model by showing the equivalence of two diffusion models. It is shown which diffusion parameters are useful for identifying the limits of the Harrison kinetics regimes for solute grain boundary diffusion. It is also shown how the measured segregation factor from the diffusion experiment in the Harrison Type-B kinetics regime may differ from the global segregation factor.

  4. Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langdon, Stephen

    Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral Operators in Acoustic parameter. Of independent interest we also obtain upper and lower bounds on the norms of two oscillatory integral operators, namely the classical acoustic single- and double-layer potential operators. 1

  5. Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langdon, Stephen

    Condition Number Estimates for Combined Potential Boundary Integral Operators in Acoustic parameter. Of independent interest we first obtain upper and lower bounds on the norms of two oscillatory integral operators, namely the classical acoustic single- and double-layer potential operators. 1

  6. Measurements of grain boundary properties in nanocrystalline ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiang, Y.M.; Smyth, I.P.; Terwilliger, C.D. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Petuskey, W.T. (Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA). Dept. of Chemistry); Eastman, J.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of nanocrystalline ceramics prepared by a variety of solution-chemical and vapor deposition methods offers a unique opportunity for the determination grain boundary properties by bulk'' thermodynamic methods. In this paper we discuss results from two types of measurements on model nanocrystalline ceramics. The first is a solution thermodynamic measurement of the activity of nanocrystalline SiC in polycarbosilane-derived silicon carbide fibers (Nicalon). Structural studies have shown that Nicalon consists of well-ordered cubic ({beta} or 3C polytype) SiC grains separated by a very thin grain boundary layer (<1 nm thick) containing the oxygen. The physical properties and chemical reactivity of these fibers are distinctly different from that of bulk silicon carbide. Direct measurement of the alloy composition and analysis of the microstructure has allowed the dissolution reaction to be identified and a lower limit for the SiC activity in the nanocrystalline form to be determined. A second method of measuring grain boundary properties we have investigated for nanocrystalline Si and TiO{sub 2} is high temperature calorimetry. In appropriate samples the grain boundary enthalpy can be measured through the heat evolved during grain growth. Preliminary results on nanocrystalline Si prepared by the recrystallization of amorphous evaporated films and on TiO{sub 2} condensed from the vapor phase are discussed. 29 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Contributed Paper Protected-Area Boundaries as Filters of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kratochvíl, Lukas

    Contributed Paper Protected-Area Boundaries as Filters of Plant Invasions LLEWELLYN C. FOXCROFT of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa Abstract: Human land uses surrounding protected areas provide propagules for colonization of these areas by non-native species, and corridors between protected-area

  8. A low temperature analysis of the boundary driven Kawasaki Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maes, Christian

    A low temperature analysis of the boundary driven Kawasaki Process Christian Maes and Winny O'Kelly de Galway Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven June 17, 2013 Abstract Low temperature configurations even though the particle current tends to zero as the temperature reaches zero. That is because

  9. Carbon transport in the bottom boundary layer. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agrawal, Y.C.

    1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the activities and findings from a field experiment devised to estimate the rates and mechanisms of transport of carbon across the continental shelves. The specific site chosen for the experiment was the mid-Atlantic Bight, a region off the North Carolina coast. The experiment involved a large contingent of scientists from many institutions. The specific component of the program was the transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer. The postulate mechanisms of transport of carbon in the bottom boundary layer are: resuspension and advection, downward deposition, and accumulation. The high turbulence levels in the bottom boundary layer require the understanding of the coupling between turbulence and bottom sediments. The specific issues addressed in the work reported here were: (a) What is the sediment response to forcing by currents and waves? (b) What is the turbulence climate in the bottom boundary layer at this site? and (c) What is the rate at which settling leads to carbon sequestering in bottom sediments at offshore sites?

  10. Dynamic Phase Boundaries for Compressible Fluids , Z. L. Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    discontinuity. The emphasis here is on the coupling of the phase transition process to acoustic waves, whichDynamic Phase Boundaries for Compressible Fluids T. Lu § , Z. L. Xu § , R. Samulyak§ , J. Glimm algorithm is verified by application to various physical regimes. 1 Introduction The coupling

  11. Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Xiaojun

    Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images Xiaojun Qi Computer Science present prediction-based image compression techniques take advantage of either intra- or inter function. The prediction-based compression technique has been applied on some magnetic resonance (MR) brain

  12. NONLINEAR GEOSTROPHIC ADJUSTMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF A BOUNDARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the initial disturbance, and Kelvin waves confined near the boundary. The theory provides simple formulae the fast-slow splitting, in spite of the fact that the frequency gap between the Kelvin waves and slow. In the case of a localised initial disturbance the total mass of the lowest-order slow component

  13. Mineralogical effects on the detectability of the postperovskite boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grocholski, Brent; Catalli, Krystle; Shim, Sang-Heon; Prakapenka, Vitali (MIT); (UC)

    2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of a phase transition in Mg-silicate perovskite (Pv) to postperovskite (pPv) at lowermost mantle pressure-temperature (P - T) conditions may provide an explanation for the discontinuous increase in shear wave velocity found in some regions at a depth range of 200 to 400 km above the core-mantle boundary, hereafter the D{double_prime} discontinuity. However, recent studies on binary and ternary systems showed that reasonable contents of Fe{sup 2+} and Al for pyrolite increase the thickness (width of the mixed phase region) of the Pv - pPv boundary (400-600 km) to much larger than the D{double_prime} discontinuity ({le} 70 km). These results challenge the assignment of the D{double_prime} discontinuity to the Pv - pPv boundary in pyrolite (homogenized mantle composition). Furthermore, the mineralogy and composition of rocks that can host a detectable Pv {yields} pPv boundary are still unknown. Here we report in situ measurements of the depths and thicknesses of the Pv {yields} pPv transition in multiphase systems (San Carlos olivine, pyrolitic, and midocean ridge basaltic compositions) at the P - T conditions of the lowermost mantle, searching for candidate rocks with a sharp Pv - pPv discontinuity. Whereas the pyrolitic mantle may not have a seismologically detectable Pv {yields} pPv transition due to the effect of Al, harzburgitic compositions have detectable transitions due to low Al content. In contrast, Al-rich basaltic compositions may have a detectable Pv - pPv boundary due to their distinct mineralogy. Therefore, the observation of the D{prime} discontinuity may be related to the Pv {yields} pPv transition in the differentiated oceanic lithosphere materials transported to the lowermost mantle by subducting slabs.

  14. A rigidity result on the ideal boundary structure of smooth space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. J. Fama; C. J. S. Clarke

    1998-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Following a survey of the abstract boundary definition of Scott and Szekeres, a rigidity result is proved for the smooth case, showing that the topological structure of the regular part of this boundary in invariantly defined.

  15. An evaluation of grain boundary engineering technology and processing scale-up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelinski, Jeffrey A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grain boundary engineering is the manipulation of low stacking-fault energy, face- centered cubic material microstructures to break the connectivity of the general grain boundary network through the addition of special ...

  16. Influence of grain boundary energy on the nucleation of complexion transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    Influence of grain boundary energy on the nucleation of complexion transitions Stephanie A different transition tem- peratures. It has been hypothesized that higher energy grain boundaries have relative energies preferentially undergo complexion transitions. Our experiment uses a unique sandwich

  17. Title: Boundary File: GTHA (Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Natural Resources 2012 Municipal Boundary shapefiles: Municipal Boundary ­ Upper Tier and District Data Type: Digital Vector Data Format: Shapefile Datum / Map Projection: WGS84 / UTM (17) Resolution: N

  18. Direct Forcing Immersed Boundary Methods: Finite Element Versus Finite Volume Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frisani, Angelo 1980-

    2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Two immersed boundary methods (IBM) for the simulation of conjugate heat transfer problems with complex geometries are introduced: a finite element (IFEM) and a finite volume (IFVM) immersed boundary methods are discussed. In the IFEM a projection...

  19. Cumulative theoretical uncertainties in lithium depletion boundary age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tognelli, Emanuele; Degl'Innocenti, Scilla

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a detailed analysis of the main theoretical uncertainties affecting the age at the lithium depletion boundary (LDB). To do that we computed almost 12000 pre-main sequence models with mass in the range [0.06, 0.4] M_sun by varying input physics (nuclear reaction cross-sections, plasma electron screening, outer boundary conditions, equation of state, and radiative opacity), initial chemical elements abundances (total metallicity, helium and deuterium abundances, and heavy elements mixture), and convection efficiency (mixing length parameter, alpha_ML). As a first step, we studied the effect of varying these quantities individually within their extreme values. Then, we analysed the impact of simultaneously perturbing the main input/parameters without an a priori assumption of independence. Such an approach allowed us to build for the first time the cumulative error stripe, which defines the edges of the maximum uncertainty region in the theoretical LDB age. We found that the cumulative error stripe ...

  20. Accumulating Particles at the Boundaries of a Laminar Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Schindler; Peter Talkner; Marcin Kostur; Peter Hanggi

    2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The accumulation of small particles is analyzed in stationary flows through channels of variable width at small Reynolds number. The combined influence of pressure, viscous drag and thermal fluctuations is described by means of a Fokker-Planck equation for the particle density. It is shown that in the limit of vanishing particle size a uniform particle distribution is always approached in the long time limit. For extended spherical particles, conditions are specified that lead to inhomogeneous densities and consequently to particle accumulation and depletion. Hereby the boundary conditions for the particle density play a decisive role: The centers of spherical particles must keep the minimal distance of their radius from the fluid boundaries. The normal components of the forces acting on the sphere then may assume finite values which are diffusively transported into the bulk of the fluid.

  1. The Bootstrap Program for Boundary CFT_d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro Liendo; Leonardo Rastelli; Balt C. van Rees

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the constraints of crossing symmetry and unitarity for conformal field theories in the presence of a boundary, with a focus on the Ising model in various dimensions. We show that an analytic approach to the bootstrap is feasible for free-field theory and at one loop in the epsilon expansion, but more generally one has to resort to numerical methods. Using the recently developed linear programming techniques we find several interesting bounds for operator dimensions and OPE coefficients and comment on their physical relevance. We also show that the "boundary bootstrap" can be easily applied to correlation functions of tensorial operators and study the stress tensor as an example. In the appendices we present conformal block decompositions of a variety of physically interesting correlation functions.

  2. Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we extend our previous results concerning Jackson integral solutions of the boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations with diagonal K-operators to higher-spin representations of quantum affine $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. First we give a systematic exposition of known results on $R$-operators acting in the tensor product of evaluation representations in Verma modules over quantum $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$. We develop the corresponding fusion of $K$-operators, which we use to construct diagonal $K$-operators in these representations. We construct Jackson integral solutions of the associated boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and explain how in the finite-dimensional case they can be obtained from our previous results by the fusion procedure.

  3. Matrix factorisations for rational boundary conditions by defect fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Behr; Stefan Fredenhagen

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A large class of two-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ superconformal field theories can be understood as IR fixed-points of Landau-Ginzburg models. In particular, there are rational conformal field theories that also have a Landau-Ginzburg description. To understand better the relation between the structures in the rational conformal field theory and in the Landau-Ginzburg theory, we investigate how rational B-type boundary conditions are realised as matrix factorisations in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ Grassmannian Kazama-Suzuki model. As a tool to generate the matrix factorisations we make use of a particular interface between the Kazama-Suzuki model and products of minimal models, whose fusion can be realised as a simple functor on ring modules. This allows us to formulate a proposal for all matrix factorisations corresponding to rational boundary conditions in the $SU(3)/U(2)$ model.

  4. Applications of Fourier analysis in homogenization and boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksanyan, Hayk; Sjölin, Per

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we prove convergence results for the boundary layer homogenization problem for solutions of partial differential system with rapidly oscillating Dirichlet data. Our method is based on analysis of oscillatory integrals. In the uniformly convex regime and smooth boundaries we prove pointwise as well as $L^p$ convergence results. Namely, we prove $|u_{\\e}(x)-u_0 (x)| \\leq C_{\\kappa} \\e^{(d-1)/2}\\frac{1}{d(x)^{\\kappa}}$, $\\forall x\\in D$, $ \\forall \\ \\kappa>d-1$, and for $1\\leq pboundary of $D$. In particular for $p=2$ our result relates to the recent result of D. G\\'{e}rarad-Varet and N. Masmoudi \\cite{GM}.

  5. Study of interdomain boundary in diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Lykov

    2002-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    At low temperatures, in strong magnetic fields, the formation of a non-uniform magnetisation is possible in a single-crystal metal sample whose demagnetising factor along the field is close to unity. Namely, so-called Condon diamagnetic domain structure arises and disappears periodically with magnetic field. In this paper, the diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium single crystalis analysed. Directly, existence of diamagnetic domains in that sample was observed earlier by the muon spin precession (mSR) resonance peak splitting. A method is described that allows to calculate quantitative characteristics of the interdomain boundary using the muon histograms. The technique is based on the Marquardt minimisation procedure that has been modified in order to reduce the influence of noise on iterations convergence. Boundary volume fraction was calculated.

  6. Warm Bias and Parameterization of Boundary Upwelling in Ocean Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cessi, Paola; Wolfe, Christopher

    2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been demonstrated that Eastern Boundary Currents (EBC) are a baroclinic intensification of the interior circulation of the ocean due to the emergence of mesoscale eddies in response to the sharp buoyancy gradients driven by the wind-stress and the thermal surface forcing. The eddies accomplish the heat and salt transport necessary to insure that the subsurface flow is adiabatic, compensating for the heat and salt transport effected by the mean currents. The EBC thus generated occurs on a cross-shore scale of order 20-100 km, and thus this scale needs to be resolved in climate models in order to capture the meridional transport by the EBC. Our result indicate that changes in the near shore currents on the oceanic eastern boundaries are linked not just to local forcing, such as coastal changes in the winds, but depend on the basin-wide circulation as well.

  7. Revisiting Johnson and Jackson boundary conditions for granular flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Tingwen; Benyahia, Sofiane

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article, we revisit Johnson and Jackson boundary conditions for granular flows. The oblique collision between a particle and a flat wall is analyzed by adopting the classic rigid-body theory and a more realistic semianalytical model. Based on the kinetic granular theory, the input parameter for the partial-slip boundary conditions, specularity coefficient, which is not measurable in experiments, is then interpreted as a function of the particle-wall restitution coefficient, the frictional coefficient, and the normalized slip velocity at the wall. An analytical expression for the specularity coefficient is suggested for a flat, frictional surface with a low frictional coefficient. The procedure for determining the specularity coefficient for a more general problem is outlined, and a working approximation is provided.

  8. Ergodic Boundary/Point Control of Stochastic Semilinear Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, T. E.; Maslowski, Bozenna J.

    1998-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    is shown to depend continuously on the system parameter. Key words. ergodic control, stochastic semilinear equations, Markov processes in Hilbert spaces, invariant measures, boundary control AMS subject classi#12;cations. 93E20, 93C20, 60H15 PII. S...0363012996303190 1. Introduction. An ergodic control problem for a stochastic process in a Hilbert space H is formulated and solved where the process is a solution of a parameter- dependent semilinear stochastic di#11;erential equation in H. The problem...

  9. Ergodic boundary/point control of stochastic semilinear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Tyrone E.; Maslowski, B.; Pasik-Duncan, B.

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is shown to depend continuously on the system parameter. Key words. ergodic control, stochastic semilinear equations, Markov processes in Hilbert spaces, invariant measures, boundary control AMS subject classi#12;cations. 93E20, 93C20, 60H15 PII. S...0363012996303190 1. Introduction. An ergodic control problem for a stochastic process in a Hilbert space H is formulated and solved where the process is a solution of a parameter- dependent semilinear stochastic di#11;erential equation in H. The problem...

  10. Boundary String Field Theory of the DDbar System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, P; Kraus, Per; Larsen, Finn

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop the boundary string field theory approach to tachyon condensation on the DDbar system. Particular attention is paid to the gauge fields, which combine with the tachyons in a natural way. We derive the RR-couplings of the system and express the result in terms of Quillen's superconnection. The result is related to an index theorem, and is thus shown to be exact.

  11. Vanishing viscosity and the accumulation of vorticity on the boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James P. Kelliher

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We say that the vanishing viscosity limit holds in the classical sense if the velocity for a solution to the Navier-Stokes equations converges in the energy norm uniformly in time to the velocity for a solution to the Euler equations. We prove, for a bounded domain in dimension 2 or higher, that the vanishing viscosity limit holds in the classical sense if and only if a vortex sheet forms on the boundary.

  12. Examining A Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer at Low Reynolds Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semper, Michael Thomas

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    z spanwise direction, m Greek Symbols boundary layer thickness, m displacement thickness, m ratio of speci c heats hotwire recovery ratio dynamic viscosity, Pa s density, kg=m3 hotwire overheat ratio, Twire=Tt momentum thickness, m... direct numerical simulation LDV laser doppler velocimetry LES large eddy simulation MTV molecular tagging velocimetry OHR overheat ratio (see ) PIV particle image velocimetry PLIF planar laser induced uorescence RANS Reynolds averaged Navier...

  13. On the outer boundary of the sunspot penumbra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Kalman

    2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparison of photographic observations and vector-magnetograph measurements demonstrate, that the outer boundary of the sunspot penumbra --even in complex sunspot groups-- closely follows the 0.075T isogauss line of the total value of the magnetic field, corresponding approximately to the equipartition value in the photosphere. Radio observations also show this feature. The thick penumbra model with interchange convection (Jahn and Schmidt, 1994) gives the best explanation of the penumbral structure.

  14. Spheromak formation and sustainment by tangential boundary flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Martínez, Pablo Luis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear, resistive, 3D magnetohydrodynamic equations are solved numerically to demonstrate the possibility of forming and sustaining a spheromak by forcing tangential flows at the plasma boundary. The method can by explained in terms of helicity injection and differs from other helicity injection methods employed in the past. Several features which were also observed in previous dc helicity injection experiments are identified and discussed.

  15. Intergranular degradation assessment via random grain boundary network analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kumar, Mukul (San Ramon, CA); Schwartz, Adam J. (Pleasanton, CA); King, Wayne E. (San Ramon, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is disclosed for determining the resistance of polycrystalline materials to intergranular degradation or failure (IGDF), by analyzing the random grain boundary network connectivity (RGBNC) microstructure. Analysis of the disruption of the RGBNC microstructure may be assess the effectiveness of materials processing in increasing IGDF resistance. Comparison of the RGBNC microstructures of materials exposed to extreme operating conditions to unexposed materials may be used to diagnose and predict possible onset of material failure due to

  16. On Lyapunov boundary control of unstable magnetohydrodynamic plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tasso, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, 85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Throumoulopoulos, G. N. [Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, GR 451 10 Ioannina (Greece)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting from a simple, marginally stable model considered for Lyapunov based boundary control of flexible mechanical systems, we add a term driving an instability and prove that for an appropriate control condition the system can become Lyapunov stable. A similar approximate extension is found for the general energy principle of linearized magnetohydrodynamics. The implementation of such external instantaneous actions may, however, impose challenging constraints for fusion plasmas.

  17. Accumulation on the boundary for one-dimensional stochastic particle system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. A. Malyshev; A. A. Zamyatin

    2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider infinite particle system on the positive half-line moving independently of each other. When a particle hits the boundary it immediately disappears, and the boundary moves to the right on some fixed quantity (particle size). We study the speed of the boundary movement (growth). Possible applications - dynamics of the traffic jam growth, growth of thrombus, epitaxy. Nontrivial mathematics is related to the correlation between particle dynamics and boundary growth.

  18. Comment on “Velocity boundary conditions at a tokamak resistive wall” [Phys. Plasmas 21, 032506 (2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakharov, Leonid E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, P.O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Li, Xujing [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper gives the derivation of the MHD boundary condition for the plasma flow to the wall during disruptions.

  19. Coupled wake boundary layer model of wind-farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Richard J A M; Meneveau, Charles

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present and test a coupled wake boundary layer (CWBL) model that describes the distribution of the power output in a wind-farm. The model couples the traditional, industry-standard wake expansion/superposition approach with a top-down model for the overall wind-farm boundary layer structure. The wake expansion/superposition model captures the effect of turbine positioning, while the top-down portion adds the interaction between the wind-turbine wakes and the atmospheric boundary layer. Each portion of the model requires specification of a parameter that is not known a-priori. For the wake model the wake expansion coefficient is required, while the top-down model requires an effective span-wise turbine spacing within which the model's momentum balance is relevant. The wake expansion coefficient is obtained by matching the predicted mean velocity at the turbine from both approaches, while the effective span-wise turbine spacing depends on turbine positioning and thus can be determined from the wake expansion...

  20. Improving Subtropical Boundary Layer Cloudiness in the 2011 NCEP GFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fletcher, J. K.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Xiao, Heng; Sun, Ruiyu N.; Han, J.

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The current operational version of National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Global Forecasting System (GFS) shows significant low cloud bias. These biases also appear in the Coupled Forecast System (CFS), which is developed from the GFS. These low cloud biases degrade seasonal and longer climate forecasts, particularly of short-wave cloud radiative forcing, and affect predicted sea surface temperature. Reducing this bias in the GFS will aid the development of future CFS versions and contributes to NCEP's goal of unified weather and climate modelling. Changes are made to the shallow convection and planetary boundary layer parameterisations to make them more consistent with current knowledge of these processes and to reduce the low cloud bias. These changes are tested in a single-column version of GFS and in global simulations with GFS coupled to a dynamical ocean model. In the single-column model, we focus on changing parameters that set the following: the strength of shallow cumulus lateral entrainment, the conversion of updraught liquid water to precipitation and grid-scale condensate, shallow cumulus cloud top, and the effect of shallow convection in stratocumulus environments. Results show that these changes improve the single-column simulations when compared to large eddy simulations, in particular through decreasing the precipitation efficiency of boundary layer clouds. These changes, combined with a few other model improvements, also reduce boundary layer cloud and albedo biases in global coupled simulations.

  1. Impact of boundaries on velocity profiles in bubble rafts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuhong Wang; Kapilanjan Krishan; Michael Dennin

    2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Under conditions of sufficiently slow flow, foams, colloids, granular matter, and various pastes have been observed to exhibit shear localization, i.e. regions of flow coexisting with regions of solid-like behavior. The details of such shear localization can vary depending on the system being studied. A number of the systems of interest are confined so as to be quasi-two dimensional, and an important issue in these systems is the role of the confining boundaries. For foams, three basic systems have been studied with very different boundary conditions: Hele-Shaw cells (bubbles confined between two solid plates); bubble rafts (a single layer of bubbles freely floating on a surface of water); and confined bubble rafts (bubbles confined between the surface of water below and a glass plate on top). Often, it is assumed that the impact of the boundaries is not significant in the ``quasi-static limit'', i.e. when externally imposed rates of strain are sufficiently smaller than internal kinematic relaxation times. In this paper, we directly test this assumption for rates of strain ranging from $10^{-3}$ to $10^{-2} {\\rm s^{-1}}$. This corresponds to the quoted quasi-static limit in a number of previous experiments. It is found that the top plate dramatically alters both the velocity profile and the distribution of nonlinear rearrangements, even at these slow rates of strain.

  2. Grain boundary structure and solute segregation in titanium-doped sapphire bicrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Seth T.

    2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Solute segregation to ceramic grain boundaries governs material processing and microstructure evolution, and can strongly influence material properties critical to engineering performance. Understanding the evolution and implications of grain boundary chemistry is a vital component in the greater effort to engineer ceramics with controlled microstructures. This study examines solute segregation to engineered grain boundaries in titanium-doped sapphire (Al2O3) bicrystals, and explores relationships between grain boundary structure and chemistry at the nanometer scale using spectroscopic and imaging techniques in the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results demonstrate dramatic changes in solute segregation stemming from small fluctuations in grain boundary plane and structure. Titanium and silicon solute species exhibit strong tendencies to segregate to non-basal and basal grain boundary planes, respectively. Evidence suggests that grain boundary faceting occurs in low-angle twis t boundaries to accommodate nonequilibrium solute segregation related to slow specimen cooling rates, while faceting of tilt grain boundaries often occurs to expose special planes of the coincidence site lattice (CSL). Moreover, quantitative analysis of grain boundary chemistry indicates preferential segregation of charged defects to grain boundary dislocations. These results offer direct proof that static dislocations in ionic materials can assume a net charge, and emphasize the importance of interactions between charged point, line, and planar defects in ionic materials. Efforts to understand grain boundary chemistry in terms of space charge theory, elastic misfit and nonequilibrium segregation are discussed for the Al2O3 system.

  3. A case study of boundary layer ventilation by convection and coastal processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    A case study of boundary layer ventilation by convection and coastal processes H. F. Dacre,1 S. L; published 12 September 2007. [1] It is often assumed that ventilation of the atmospheric boundary layer responsible for ventilation of the atmospheric boundary layer during a nonfrontal day that occurred on 9 May

  4. Boundary energy of the open XXZ chain from new exact solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajan Murgan; Rafael I. Nepomechie; Chi Shi

    2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Bethe Ansatz solutions of the open spin-1/2 integrable XXZ quantum spin chain at roots of unity with nondiagonal boundary terms containing two free boundary parameters have recently been proposed. We use these solutions to compute the boundary energy (surface energy) in the thermodynamic limit.

  5. A fast multipole boundary element method for solving the thin plate bending problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    A fast multipole boundary element method for solving the thin plate bending problem S. Huang, Y: Fast multipole method Boundary element method Thin plate bending problem a b s t r a c t A fast multipole boundary element method (BEM) for solving large-scale thin plate bending problems is presented

  6. Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly Circular Plasma­boundary, high­beta equi­ libria in large aspect ratio tokamaks with a nearly circular plasma boundary in tokamaks for the purpose of developing an economic fusion reactor. It has long been recognized

  7. A Study of the Grain Boundaries and Hydrogen in HF-CVD Diamond Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    composition of grain boundaries in polycrystalline diamond lms by transmission electron microscopy and highA Study of the Grain Boundaries and Hydrogen in HF-CVD Diamond Films Israel Yoel Koenka #12;A Study of the Grain Boundaries and Hydrogen in HF-CVD Diamond Films Research Thesis In partial fulllment

  8. BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOUNDARY LAYER (BL) THERMAL EDDIES OVER A PINE FOREST FROM CARES 2010 Gunnar Senum and Stephen are three thermal eddies, about 250 meters wide, in the boundary layer. These thermal eddies are formed from the solar heating of the surface and help to form the boundary layer. The eddy updrafts are transporting

  9. A Robust Bayesian Fusion Algorithm for Lane and Pavement boundary detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hero, Alfred O.

    1 A Robust Bayesian Fusion Algorithm for Lane and Pavement boundary detection Bing Ma, Sridhar Lakshmanan, Alfred O. Hero Abstract In this paper we propose to jointly detect lane and pavement boundaries is employed to locate the lane and pavement boundaries. Since the circular model parameters possess compatible

  10. Measuring the Influence of Grain-Boundary Misorientation on Thermal Groove Geometry in Ceramic Polycrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    -boundary energies is to measure the geometry of the thermal grooves that form where the boundaries intersect a free is the excess free energy per unit area of the ith interface; ti the unit vector that lies in the ith interface) reduces to: gb s = 2 cos s 2 (2) In Eq. (2), the ratio of the grain-boundary excess free energy

  11. GRAIN BOUNDARY EVOLUTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES M. EMELIANENKO, D. GOLOVATY, D. KINDERLEHRER, AND S. TA'ASAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that they are robust but they are not strongly related to energetics. Recent work has provided us with a new statisticGRAIN BOUNDARY EVOLUTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES M. EMELIANENKO, D. GOLOVATY, D. KINDERLEHRER, AND S. TA boundaries. The energetics and connectivity of the net- work of boundaries are implicated in many properties

  12. Numerical Simulations of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer over Sand Ripples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slinn, Donald

    locations. Under conditions of oscillatory potential flow external to the boundary layer causedNumerical Simulations of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer over Sand Ripples by Thomas Pierro A Thesis boundary layer are believed to play a major role in the re-suspension and transport of sediment, as well

  13. Dielectric Boundary Force in Molecular Solvation with the PoissonBoltzmann Free Energy: A Shape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Bo

    Dielectric Boundary Force in Molecular Solvation with the Poisson­Boltzmann Free Energy: A Shape boundary force acting on such a boundary is the negative first variation of the elec- trostatic free energy [17,18,35,43,44]. Such a predefined interface is used to compute the solvation free energy as the sum

  14. A spectral boundary integral method for flowing blood cells Hong Zhao a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Luke

    A spectral boundary integral method for flowing blood cells Hong Zhao a , Amir H.G. Isfahani January 2010 Keywords: Stokes flow Particle-mesh Ewald Red blood cells Spherical harmonics Boundary element methods a b s t r a c t A spectral boundary integral method for simulating large numbers of blood

  15. Singular limits of a two-dimensional boundary value problem arising in corrosion modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    Singular limits of a two-dimensional boundary value problem arising in corrosion modelling Juan D boundary . A very common boundary condition arising in corrosion modelling in a planar sample represented u on . We refer the reader to [11] and [4] for the derivation of this and related corrosion models

  16. Control of the ocean circulation by boundaries and topography P.B. Rhines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy in the ocean circulation is dominated by boundary currents, zonal jets and mesoscale eddies. Kinetic energy generates enstrophy at a western ocean boundary and destroys it at an eastern boundary, or nonlinear baroclinic Rossby waves) dominate the surface kinetic energy of the world ocean

  17. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.13 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:

  18. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.14 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat and

  19. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.15 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat and5:

  20. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.16 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat and5:6:

  1. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.17 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat

  2. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.18 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat8: Wind

  3. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.19 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat8:

  4. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.2 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat8:2:

  5. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.20 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat8:2:0:

  6. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.21 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined heat8:2:0:1:

  7. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.22 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined

  8. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.23 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3: Electric

  9. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.24 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3: Electric4:

  10. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.25 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:

  11. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.3 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:

  12. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.4 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4: Repair

  13. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.5 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4:

  14. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.6 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4:6: Oil

  15. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.7 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4:6: Oil7:

  16. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.8 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4:6:

  17. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.9 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJuneWaste To: Changing rates and prices1:4: Combined3:3:4:6:9:

  18. Molecular dynamics simulations of grain boundary thermal resistance in UO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tianyi Chen; Di Chen; Bulent H. Sencer; Lin Shao

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we have calculated Kaptiza resistance of UO2 with or without radiation damage. For coincident site lattice boundaries of different configurations, the boundary thermal resistance of unirradiated UO2 can be well described by a parameter-reduced formula by using boundary energies as variables. We extended the study to defect-loaded UO2 by introducing damage cascades in close vicinity to the boundaries. Following cascade annealing and defect migrations towards grain boundaries, the boundary energy increases and so does Kaptiza resistance. The correlations between these two still follow the same formula extracted from the unirradiated UO2. The finding will benefit multi-scale modeling of UO2 thermal properties under extreme radiation conditions by combining effects from boundary configurations and damage levels.

  19. Turbine exhaust diffuser with region of reduced flow area and outer boundary gas flow

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Orosa, John

    2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An exhaust diffuser system and method for a turbine engine. The outer boundary may include a region in which the outer boundary extends radially inwardly toward the hub structure and may direct at least a portion of an exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the hub structure. At least one gas jet is provided including a jet exit located on the outer boundary. The jet exit may discharge a flow of gas downstream substantially parallel to an inner surface of the outer boundary to direct a portion of the exhaust flow in the diffuser toward the outer boundary to effect a radially outward flow of at least a portion of the exhaust gas flow toward the outer boundary to balance an aerodynamic load between the outer and inner boundaries.

  20. Role of the basin boundary conditions in gravity wave turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luc Deike; Benjamin Miquel; Pablo Gutiérrez-Matus; Timothée Jamin; Benoit Semin; Sébastien Aumaitre; Michael Berhanu; Eric Falcon; Félicien BONNEFOY

    2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity wave turbulence is studied experimentally in a large wave basin where irregular waves are generated unidirectionally. The role of the basin boundary conditions (absorbing or reflecting) and of the forcing properties are investigated. To that purpose, an absorbing sloping beach opposite to the wavemaker can be replaced by a reflecting vertical wall. We observe that the wave field properties depend strongly on these boundary conditions. Quasi-one dimensional field of nonlinear waves propagate before to be damped by the beach whereas a more multidirectional wave field is observed with the wall. In both cases, the wave spectrum scales as a frequency-power law with an exponent that increases continuously with the forcing amplitude up to a value close to -4, which is the value predicted by the weak turbulence theory. The physical mechanisms involved are probably different according to the boundary condition used, but cannot be easily discriminated with only temporal measurements. We have also studied freely decaying gravity wave turbulence in the closed basin. No self-similar decay of the spectrum is observed, whereas its Fourier modes decay first as a time power law due to nonlinear mechanisms, and then exponentially due to linear viscous damping. We estimate the linear, nonlinear and dissipative time scales to test the time scale separation that highlights the important role of a large scale Fourier mode. By estimation of the mean energy flux from the initial decay of wave energy, the Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant is evaluated and found to be compatible with a recent theoretical value.

  1. Educing the volume out of the phase space boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel A. Cobas; M. A. R. Osorio; María Suárez

    2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We explicitly show that, in a system with T-duality symmetry, the configuration space volume degrees of freedom may hide on the surface boundary of the region of accessible states with energy lower than a fixed value. This means that, when taking the decompactification limit (big volume limit), a number of accessible states proportional to the volume is recovered even if no volume dependence appears when energy is high enough. All this behavior is contained in the exact way of computing sums by making integrals. We will also show how the decompactification limit for the gas of strings can be defined in a microcanonical description at finite volume.

  2. Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Lau Loi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.

  3. Relativistic tidal heating of Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau Loi So

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Purdue and Favata calculate the tidal heating used certain classical pseudotensors. Booth and Creighton employed the quasi-local mass formalism of Brown and York to demonstrate the same subject. All of them give the result matched with the Newtonian theory. Here we present another Hamiltonian quasi-local boundary expressions and all give the same desired value. This indicates that the tidal heating is unique as Thorne predicted. Moreover, we discovered that the pseudo-tensor method and quasi-local method are fundamentally different.

  4. Spin connection and boundary states in a topological insulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Parente; P. Lucignano; P. Vitale; A. Tagliacozzo; F. Guinea

    2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the surface resistivity of a three-dimensional topological insulator when the boundaries exhibit a non trivial curvature. We obtain an analytical solution for a spherical topological insulator, and we show that a non trivial quantum spin connection emerges from the three dimensional band structure. We analyze the effect of the spin connection on the scattering by a bump on a flat surface. Quantum effects induced by the geometry lead to resonances when the electron wavelength is comparable to the size of the bump.

  5. Conformally covariant boundary correlation functions with a quantum group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalle Kytölä; Eveliina Peltola

    2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Particular boundary correlation functions of conformal field theory are needed to answer some questions related to random conformally invariant curves known as Schramm-Loewner evolutions (SLE). In this article, we introduce a correspondence and establish its fundamental properties, which are used in companion articles for explicitly solving two such problems. The correspondence associates Coulomb gas type integrals to vectors in a tensor product representation of a quantum group, a q-deformation of the Lie algebra sl2. We show that desired properties of the functions are guaranteed by natural representation theoretical properties of the vectors.

  6. The gradient flow running coupling with twisted boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ramos

    2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the gradient flow for Yang-Mills theories with twisted boundary conditions. The perturbative behavior of the energy density $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ is used to define a running coupling at a scale given by the linear size of the finite volume box. We compute the non-perturbative running of the pure gauge $SU(2)$ coupling constant and conclude that the technique is well suited for further applications due to the relatively mild cutoff effects of the step scaling function and the high numerical precision that can be achieved in lattice simulations. We also comment on the inclusion of matter fields.

  7. Boundary County, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouthbyBoston Heights, Ohio:Boulevard Gardens, Florida:Boundary

  8. ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer CO2 Using CW Lidar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76)ARM2,govCampaignsAircraftCloud ODgovCampaignsBoundary

  9. Mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Eidelman; T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; G. Hazak; I. Rogachevskii; O. Sadot; I. Sapir-Katiraie

    2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally and theoretically mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. In the experimental study we use Particle Image Velocimetry and an Image Processing Technique based on the analysis of the intensity of the Mie scattering to determine the spatial distribution of tracer particles. An air jet is seeded with the incense smoke particles which are characterized by large Schmidt number and small Stokes number. We determine the spatial distributions of the jet fluid characterized by a high concentration of the particles and of the ambient fluid characterized by a low concentration of the tracer particles. In the data analysis we use two approaches, whereby one approach is based on the measured phase function for the study of the mixed state of two fluids. The other approach is based on the analysis of the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density fluctuations generated by tangling of the gradient of the mean particle number density by the turbulent velocity field. This gradient is formed at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. We demonstrate that PDF of the phase function of a jet fluid penetrating into an external flow and the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density do not have universal scaling and cannot be described by a power-law function. The theoretical predictions made in this study are in a qualitative agreement with the obtained experimental results.

  10. Classical universes of the no-boundary quantum state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartle, James B. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States); Hawking, S. W. [DAMTP, CMS, Wilberforce Road, CB3 0WA Cambridge (United Kingdom); Hertog, Thomas [Laboratoire APC, 10 rue A. Domon et L. Duquet, 75205 Paris (France) and International Solvay Institutes, Boulevard du Triomphe, ULB, C.P. 231, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the origin of the quasiclassical realm from the no-boundary proposal for the Universe's quantum state in a class of minisuperspace models. The models assume homogeneous, isotropic, closed spacetime geometries, a single scalar field moving in a quadratic potential, and a fundamental cosmological constant. The allowed classical histories and their probabilities are calculated to leading semiclassical order. For the most realistic range of parameters analyzed, we find that a minimum amount of scalar field is required, if there is any at all, in order for the Universe to behave classically at late times. If the classical late time histories are extended back, they may be singular or bounce at a finite radius. The ensemble of classical histories is time symmetric although individual histories are generally not. The no-boundary proposal selects inflationary histories, but the measure on the classical solutions it provides is heavily biased towards small amounts of inflation. However, the probability for a large number of e-foldings is enhanced by the volume factor needed to obtain the probability for what we observe in our past light cone, given our present age. Our results emphasize that it is the quantum state of the Universe that determines whether or not it exhibits a quasiclassical realm and what histories are possible or probable within that realm.

  11. Thermographic analysis of turbulent non-isothermal water boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Znamenskaya, Irina A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper is devoted to the investigation of the turbulent water boundary layer in the jet mixing flows using high-speed infrared (IR) thermography. Two turbulent mixing processes were studied: a submerged water jet impinging on a flat surface and two intersecting jets in a round disc-shaped vessel. An infrared camera (FLIR Systems SC7700) was focused on the window transparent for IR radiation; it provided high-speed recordings of heat fluxes from a thin water layer close to the window. Temperature versus time curves at different points of water boundary layer near the wall surface were acquired using the IR camera with the recording frequency of 100 Hz. The time of recording varied from 3 till 20 min. The power spectra for the temperature fluctuations at different points on the hot-cold water mixing zone were calculated using the Fast Fourier Transform algorithm. The obtained spectral behavior was compared to the Kolmogorov "-5/3 spectrum" (a direct energy cascade) and the dual-cascade scenario predicted for...

  12. Boundary induced phase transition with stochastic entrance and exit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mithun Kumar Mitra; Sakuntala Chatterjee

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study an open-chain totally asymmetric exclusion process (TASEP) with stochastic gates present at the two boundaries. The gating dynamics has been modeled keeping the physical system of ion-channel gating in mind. These gates can randomly switch between an open state and a closed state. In the open state, the gates are highly permeable such that any particle arriving at the gate immediately passes through. In the closed state, a particle gets trapped at the gate and cannot pass through until the gate switches open again. We calculate the phase-diagram of the system and find important and non-trivial differences with the phase-diagram of a regular open-chain TASEP. In particular, depending on switching rates of the two gates, the system may or may not admit a maximal current phase. Our analytic calculation within mean-field theory captures the main qualitative features of our Monte Carlo simulation results. We also perform a refined mean-field calculation where the correlations at the boundaries are taken into account. This theory shows significantly better quantitative agreement with our simulation results.

  13. Delaying natural transition of a boundary layer using smooth steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hui; Sherwin, Spencer J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The boundary layer flow over a smooth forward-facing stepped plate is studied with particular emphasis on the delay of the transition to turbulence. The interaction between the Tollmien-Schlichting (T-S) waves and the base flow over a single/two forward facing smooth steps is conducted by linear analysis indicating the amplitude of the T-S waves are attenuated in the boundary layer over a single smooth plate. Furthermore, we show that two smooth forward facing steps give rise to a further reduction of the amplitude of the T-S waves. A direct numerical simulation (DNS) is performed for the two smooth forward steps correlating favourably with the linear analysis and showing that for the investigated parameters, the K-type transition is inhibited whereas the turbulence onset of the H-type transition is postponed albeit not suppressed. Transition is indeed delayed and drag reduced for both these transition scenarios suggesting smooth forward facing steps could be leveraged as a passive flow control strategy to de...

  14. Laminar-turbulent separatrix in a boundary layer flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biau, Damien

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transitional boundary layer flow over a flat plate is investigated. The boundary layer flow is known to develop unstable Tollmien-Schlichting waves above a critical value of the Reynolds number. However, it is also known that this transition can be observed for sub-critical Reynolds numbers. In that case, the basin of attraction of the laminar state coexists with the sustained turbulence. In this article, the trajectory on the separatrix between these two states is simulated. The state on the separatrix is independent from the initial condition and is dynamically connected to both the laminar flow and the turbulence. Such an edge state provides information regarding the basic features of the transitional flow. The solution takes the form of a low speed streak, flanked by two quasi-streamwise sinuous vortices. The shape of the streaks is close to that simulated with the linear optimal perturbation method. This solution is compared to existing results concerning streak breakdown. The simulations are realize...

  15. Plasma Transport at the Magnetospheric Flank Boundary. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otto, Antonius

    2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress is highlighted in these areas: 1. Model of magnetic reconnection induced by three-dimensional Kelvin Helmholtz (KH) modes at the magnetospheric flank boundary; 2. Quantitative evaluation of mass transport from the magnetosheath onto closed geomagnetic field for northward IMF; 3. Comparison of mass transfer by cusp reconnection and Flank Kelvin Helmholtz modes; 4. Entropy constraint and plasma transport in the magnetotail - a new mechanism for current sheet thinning; 5. Test particle model for mass transport onto closed geomagnetic field for northward IMF; 6. Influence of density asymmetry and magnetic shear on (a) the linear and nonlinear growth of 3D Kelvin Helmholtz (KH) modes, and (b) three-dimensional KH mediated mass transport; 7. Examination of entropy and plasma transport in the magnetotail; 8. Entropy change and plasma transport by KH mediated reconnection - mixing and heating of plasma; 9. Entropy and plasma transport in the magnetotail - tail reconnection; and, 10. Wave coupling at the magnetospheric boundary and generation of kinetic Alfven waves.

  16. A Convective-like Energy-Stable Open Boundary Condition for Simulations of Incompressible Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Suchuan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new energy-stable open boundary condition, and an associated numerical algorithm, for simulating incompressible flows with outflow/open boundaries. This open boundary condition ensures the energy stability of the system, even when strong vortices or backflows occur at the outflow boundary. Under certain situations it can be reduced to a form that can be analogized to the usual convective boundary condition. One prominent feature of this boundary condition is that it provides a control over the velocity on the outflow/open boundary. This is not available with the other energy-stable open boundary conditions from previous works. Our numerical algorithm treats the proposed open boundary condition based on a rotational velocity-correction type strategy. It gives rise to a Robin-type condition for the discrete pressure and a Robin-type condition for the discrete velocity on the outflow/open boundary, respectively at the pressure and the velocity sub-steps. We present extensive numerical experiments on...

  17. STUDY OF CLOUD LIFETIME EFFECTS USING THE SGP HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED RADAR NETWORK: PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stages of cloud development. Here, we express cloud life cycle in terms of the temporal evolution-dimensional morphology and life cycle of clouds. Detailing key cloud processes as they transit from the formation stage National Laboratory For presentation at The Second Science Team Meeting of the Atmospheric System Research

  18. OFFLINE EVALUATION OF SIX SURFACE LAYER PARAMETERIZATION SCHEMES AGAINST OBSERVATIONS AT THE ARM SGP SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and EBBR (Energy Balance Bowen Ratio) methods. To minimize potential feedback influences resulting from. The publisher by accepting the manuscript for publication acknowledges that the United States Government retains of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes. BNL-94806-2011-AB #12;

  19. Evaluation of Precipitation Simulated by Seven SCMs against the ARM Observations at the SGP Site*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    System Modeling, Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Corresponding://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI- D-00263.s1. 11 Current affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth

  20. ARM - Field Campaign - ARM Radiosondes for NPOESS/NPP Validation - SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m DocumentationJanuary 9, 2009 [Events, Feature Stories and8,3,9,Ship-Based Ice

  1. ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase IV and V-SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  2. ARM - Field Campaign - Ground-based Cloud Tomography Experiment at SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Clouds over the ARM SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa-Anomalous Radiative AbsorptionARM InArctic Facility forof several GCMs toairatNetwork

  4. Preliminary Analysis of ARM SGP Area Sky Cover and Downwelling SW Irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah ProjectPRE-AWARD ACCOUNTING SYSTEMMeso-ScalePPO

  5. Preliminary Analysis of Surface Radiation Measurement Data Quality at the SGP Extended Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  6. Validation of Satellite-Derived Liquid Water Paths Using ARM SGP Microwave Radiometers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps toValidatingCloud Properties

  7. Validation of the ARchived CERES Surface and Atmosphere Radiation Budget at SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps toValidatingCloud

  8. ARM - PI Product - AERIoe Thermodynamic Profile and Cloud Retrieval for SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat fluxChinaNews : AMFAlaskaNewsOxidesMC3E

  9. ARM - PI Product - AERIoe Thermodynamic Profile and Cloud Retrieval for SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat fluxChinaNews : AMFAlaskaNewsOxidesMC3ECF during

  10. ARM - PI Product - Merged MMCR-WSR88D Reflectivities at SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheatProductsISDAC Microphysics ARM

  11. ARM - PI Product - SGP and TWP (Manus) Ice Cloud Vertical Velocities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheatProductsISDACProductsRadiative

  12. ARM - PI Product - Soundings from SGP, June 2014 Sonde Comparison Study

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  13. Characterization of Surface Albedo Over the ARM SGP CART and the NSA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. An Improved Cloud Classification Algorithm Based on the SGP CART Site Observations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  15. Measuring the Raindrop Size Distribution, ARM's Efforts at Darwin and SGP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand Retrievals from a NewCuneo Matthew1, 20121+ CrossMeasuring the

  16. Infrared Land Surface Emissivity in the Vicinity of the ARM SGP Central Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  17. Initial Evaluation of the Cumulus Potential Scheme at the ACRF SGP Site

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  18. Investigation of SGP Atmospheric Moisture Budget for CLASIC Â… Recycling Study

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Techniques and Methods Used to Determine the Best Estimate of Radiation Fluxes at SGP Central Facility

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  20. The Effect of Precipitation on Variability of Low Stratiform Clouds Over ARM SGP Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  1. ARM SGP and BN AERI Instrument Diagnostic Comparison and Preliminary Assessment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  2. Searching for Global Dimming Evidence at SGP and Update of ARM Submissions to BSRN

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  3. Senator Myers Tours SGP CART Site Technical Contact: James C. Liljegren

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  4. Observed and Simulated Cirrus Cloud Properties at the SGP CART Site

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  5. Determination of Ice Water Path Over the ARM SGP Using Combined Surface and Satellite Datasets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign: Potential Application to ARM

  6. ARM: ARSCL: cloud boundaries from first Clothiaux algorithms on Vaisala or Belfort ceilometers, Micropulse lidar, and MMCR

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Coulter, Richard; Widener, Kevin; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Johnson, Karen; Martin, Timothy

    ARSCL: cloud boundaries from first Clothiaux algorithms on Vaisala or Belfort ceilometers, Micropulse lidar, and MMCR

  7. Constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura formulation in spherical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcubierre, Miguel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a set of constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of the Einstein evolution equations in spherical symmetry, based on its hyperbolic structure. While the outgoing eigenfields are left to propagate freely off the numerical grid, boundary conditions are set to enforce that the incoming eigenfields don't introduce spurious reflections and, more importantly, that there are no fields introduced at the boundary that violate the constraint equations. In order to do this we adopt two different approaches to set boundary conditions for the extrinsic curvature, by expressing either the radial or the time derivative of its associated outgoing eigenfield in terms of the constraints. We find that these boundary conditions are very robust in practice, allowing us to perform long lasting evolutions that remain accurate and stable, and that converge to a solution that satisfies the constraints all the way to the boundary.

  8. Constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura formulation in spherical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miguel Alcubierre; Jose M. Torres

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a set of constraint preserving boundary conditions for the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of the Einstein evolution equations in spherical symmetry, based on its hyperbolic structure. While the outgoing eigenfields are left to propagate freely off the numerical grid, boundary conditions are set to enforce that the incoming eigenfields don't introduce spurious reflections and, more importantly, that there are no fields introduced at the boundary that violate the constraint equations. In order to do this we adopt two different approaches to set boundary conditions for the extrinsic curvature, by expressing either the radial or the time derivative of its associated outgoing eigenfield in terms of the constraints. We find that these boundary conditions are very robust in practice, allowing us to perform long lasting evolutions that remain accurate and stable, and that converge to a solution that satisfies the constraints all the way to the boundary.

  9. Skewon-Axion Medium and Soft-and-Hard/DB Boundary Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismo V. Lindell; Ari Sihvola

    2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The class of skewon-axion media can be defined in a simple and natural manner applying four-dimensional differential-form representation of electromagnetic fields and media. It has been recently shown that an interface of a uniaxial skewon-axion medium acts as a DB boundary requiring vanishing normal components of the D and B vectors. In the present paper a more general skewon-axion medium is considered. It is shown that a planar interface of such a medium acts as a boundary generalizing both soft-and-hard (SH) and DB boundary conditions to SHDB conditions. Reflection of a plane wave from a planar SHDB boundary is studied. It is shown that for the two eigenpolarizations the boundary can be replaced by equivalent PEC or PMC boundaries. The theory is tested with a numerical example.

  10. The effect of boundary adaptivity on hexagonal ordering and bistability in circularly confined quasi hard discs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian Williams; Erdal C. O?uz; Robert L. Jack; Paul Bartlett; Hartmut Löwen; C. Patrick Royall

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The behaviour of materials under spatial confinement is sensitively dependent on the nature of the confining boundaries. In two dimensions, confinement within a hard circular boundary inhibits the hexagonal ordering observed in bulk systems at high density. Using colloidal experiments and Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate two model systems of quasi hard discs under circularly symmetric confinement. The first system employs an adaptive circular boundary, defined experimentally using holographic optical tweezers. We show that deformation of this boundary allows, and indeed is required for, hexagonal ordering in the confined system. The second system employs a circularly symmetric optical potential to confine particles without a physical boundary. We show that, in the absence of a curved wall, near perfect hexagonal ordering is possible. We propose that the degree to which hexagonal ordering is suppressed by a curved boundary is determined by the `strictness' of that wall.

  11. The XXX spin s quantum chain and the alternating $s^{1}$, $s^{2}$ chain with boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anastasia Doikou

    2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The integrable XXX spin s quantum chain and the alternating $s^{1}$, $s^{2}$ ($s^{1}-s^{2}={1\\over 2}$) chain with boundaries are considered. The scattering of their excitations with the boundaries via the Bethe ansatz method is studied, and the exact boundary S matrices are computed in the limit $s, s^{1, 2} \\to \\infty$. Moreover, the connection of these models with the SU(2) Principal Chiral, WZW and the RSOS models is discussed.

  12. Aerodynamic Models for Hurricanes III. Modeling hurricane boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonov, Arkady I

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The third paper of the series (see previous ones in Refs.[1-2]) discusses basic physicalprocesses in the (quasi-) steady hurricane boundary layer (HBL), develops an approximate airflow model, establishes the HBL structure, and presents integral balance relations for dynamic and thermodynamic variables in HBL. Models of evaporation and condensation are developed, where the condensation is treated similarly to the slow combustion theory. A turbulent approximation for the lower sub-layer of HBL is applied to the sea-air interaction to establish the observed increase in angular momentum in the outer region of HBL.A closed set of balance relations has been obtained. Simple analytical solution of the set yields expressions for the basic dynamic variables - maximal tangential and radial velocities in hurricane, maximal vertical speed in eye wall, the affinity speed of hurricane travel, and the maximal temperature increase after condensation. Estimated values of the variables seem to be realistic. An attempt is also ...

  13. On the boundary coupling of topological Landau-Ginzburg models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. I. Lazaroiu

    2003-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose a general form for the boundary coupling of B-type topological Landau-Ginzburg models. In particular, I show that the relevant background in the open string sector is a (generally non-Abelian) superconnection of type (0,1) living in a complex superbundle defined on the target space, which I allow to be a non-compact Calabi-Yau manifold. This extends and clarifies previous proposals. Generalizing an argument due to Witten, I show that BRST invariance of the partition function on the worldsheet amounts to the condition that the (0,superconnection's curvature equals a constant endomorphism plus the Landau-Ginzburg potential times the identity section of the underlying superbundle. This provides the target space equations of motion for the open topological model.

  14. A boundary integral formalism for stochastic ray tracing in billiards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J. Chappell; Gregor Tanner

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Determining the flow of rays or particles driven by a force or velocity field is fundamental to modelling many physical processes, including weather forecasting and the simulation of molecular dynamics. High frequency wave energy distributions can also be approximated using flow or transport equations. Applications arise in underwater and room acoustics, vibro-acoustics, seismology, electromagnetics, quantum mechanics and in producing computer generated imagery. In many practical applications, the driving field is not known exactly and the dynamics are determined only up to a degree of uncertainty. This paper presents a boundary integral framework for propagating flows including uncertainties, which is shown to systematically interpolate between a deterministic and a completely random description of the trajectory propagation. A simple but efficient discretisation approach is applied to model uncertain billiard dynamics in an integrable rectangular domain.

  15. The boundary of Gödel's spacetime and the chronology protection conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Pitanga

    2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a homogenous anisotropic conformal spacetime manifold that provide an example of Hawking's chronology protection conjecture in three-dimensional gravity theory. The solution is based upon the fact that the seven-dimensional group of the automorphism of the Heisenberg motion group H1{\\times}U(1), modulo discrete sub-group \\Gamma, is the symmetry group of the sub-Riemannian (SR)- manifold, boundary of the Cauchy-Riemann (CR)-manifold, allowing the existence of positive mass, momentum, angular-momentum and timelike-translation. It is shown that many mirror symmetric self-similar G\\"odel's surfaces are hidden behind a Cauchy spacelike surface so that causality violation is not visible from outside.

  16. Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gliozzi, F; Meineri, M; Rago, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.

  17. Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Gliozzi; P. Liendo; M. Meineri; A. Rago

    2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.

  18. Boundary integral formulation for interfacial cracks in thermodiffusive bimaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Morini; A. Piccolroaz

    2015-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An original boundary integral formulation is proposed for the problem of a semi-infinite crack at the interface between two dissimilar elastic materials in the presence of heat flows and mass diffusion. Symmetric and skew-symmetric weight function matrices are used together with a generalized Betti's reciprocity theorem in order to derive a system of integral equations that relate the applied loading, the temperature and mass concentration fields, the heat and mass fluxes on the fracture surfaces and the resulting crack opening. The obtained integral identities can have many relevant applications, such as for the modelling of crack and damage processes at the interface between different components in electrochemical energy devices characterized by multi-layered structures (solid oxide fuel cells and lithium ions batteries).

  19. Supersonic Downflows at the Umbra-Penumbra Boundary of Sunspots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis, Rohan E; Mathew, Shibu K; Venkatakrishnan, P

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High resolution spectropolarimetric observations of 3 sunspots taken with {\\em Hinode} demonstrate the existence of supersonic downflows at or close to the umbra-penumbra boundary which have not been reported before. These downflows are confined to large patches, usually encompassing bright penumbral filaments, and have lifetimes of more than 14 hr. The presence of strong downflows in the center-side penumbra near the umbra rules out an association with the Evershed flow. Chromospheric filtergrams acquired close to the time of the spectropolarimetric measurements show large, strong, and long-lived brightenings in the neighborhood of the downflows. The photospheric intensity also exhibit persistent brightenings comparable to the quiet Sun. Interestingly, the orientation of the penumbral filaments at the site of the downflows is similar to that resulting from the reconnection process described by \\citet{Ryutova2008a}. The existence of such downflows in the inner penumbra represents a challenge for numerical mod...

  20. Heat transport by laminar boundary layer flow with polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Benzi; Emily S. C. Ching.; Vivien W. S. Chu

    2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by recent experimental observations, we consider a steady-state Prandtl-Blasius boundary layer flow with polymers above a slightly heated horizontal plate and study how the heat transport might be affected by the polymers. We discuss how a set of equations can be derived for the problem and how these equations can be solved numerically by an iterative scheme. By carrying out such a scheme, we find that the effect of the polymers is equivalent to producing a space-dependent effective viscosity that first increases from the zero-shear value at the plate then decreases rapidly back to the zero-shear value far from the plate. We further show that such an effective viscosity leads to an enhancement in the drag, which in turn leads to a reduction in heat transport.

  1. An immersed boundary model of the cochlea with parametric forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, William

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cochlea or inner ear has a remarkable ability to amplify sound signals. This is understood to derive at least in part from some active process that magnifies vibrations of the basilar membrane (BM) and the cochlear partition in which it is embedded, to the extent that it overcomes the effect of viscous damping from the surrounding cochlear fluid. Many authors have associated this amplification ability to some type of mechanical resonance within the cochlea, however there is still no consensus regarding the precise cause of amplification. Our work is inspired by experiments showing that the outer hair cells within the cochlear partition change their lengths when stimulated, which can in turn cause periodic distortions of the BM and other structures in the cochlea. This paper investigates a novel fluid-mechanical resonance mechanism that derives from hydrodynamic interactions between an oscillating BM and the surrounding cochlear fluid. We present a model of the cochlea based on the immersed boundary method...

  2. ORNL materials researchers get first look at atom-thin boundaries...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the electronic behaviors of a one-dimensional boundary separating atom-thin graphene and hexagonal boron nitride materials. Scientists at the Oak Ridge National...

  3. Modeling of stresses at grain boundaries with respect to occurrence of stress corrosion cracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozaczek, K.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sinharoy, A.; Ruud, C.O. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); McIlree, A.R. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The distributions of elastic stresses/strains in the grain boundary regions were studied by the analytical and the finite element models. The grain boundaries represent the sites where stress concentration occurs as a result of discontinuity of elastic properties across the grain boundary and the presence of second phase particles elastically different from the surrounding matrix grains. A quantitative analysis of those stresses for steels and nickel based alloys showed that the stress concentrations in the grain boundary regions are high enough to cause a local microplastic deformation even when the material is in the macroscopic elastic regime. The stress redistribution as a result of such a plastic deformation was discussed.

  4. Interpersonal Action Across Organizational Boundaries: Threat and Trust in the Context of Social Network Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Michele

    2003-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This article integrates strategic factors influencing trust with social contextual factors to create a broader understanding of interpersonal trust across organizational boundaries. ...

  5. Sensitivity analysis of aquifer parameter estimations based on the Laplace equation with linearized boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    boundary conditions Jozsef Szilagyi Conservation and Survey Division, University of Nebraska analysis Citation: Szilagyi, J., Sensitivity analysis of aquifer parameter estimations based on the Laplace

  6. The Inner Boundary Condition for a Thin Disk Accreting Into a Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Paczy?ski

    2000-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Contrary to some recent claims the `no torque inner boundary condition' as applied at the marginally stable orbit is correct for geometrically thin disks accreting into black holes.

  7. Primary, secondary instabilities and control of the rotating-disk boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Typical 3D boundary layers rotating disk swept wing Common features: · crossflow component near the wall · inflection point · strong inviscid instability · secondary instabilities ; growth and saturation of crossflow

  8. MOMENTUM AND THERMAL BOUNDARY-LAYER THICKNESS IN A STAGNATION FLOW CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION REACTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dandy, David

    REACTOR DAVID S. DANDY AND JUNGHEUM YUN Department of Chemical Engineering Colorado State University Fort deposition pedestal reactors. Expressions for the velocity and temperature profiles within the boundary

  9. Hybrid immersed interface-immersed boundary methods for AC dielectrophoresis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossan, Mohammad Robiul [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States); Department of Engineering and Physics, University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK 73034-5209 (United States); Dillon, Robert [Department of Mathematics, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-3113 (United States); Dutta, Prashanta, E-mail: dutta@mail.wsu.edu [School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dielectrophoresis, a nonlinear electrokinetic transport mechanism, has become popular in many engineering applications including manipulation, characterization and actuation of biomaterials, particles and biological cells. In this paper, we present a hybrid immersed interface–immersed boundary method to study AC dielectrophoresis where an algorithm is developed to solve the complex Poisson equation using a real variable formulation. An immersed interface method is employed to obtain the AC electric field in a fluid media with suspended particles and an immersed boundary method is used for the fluid equations and particle transport. The convergence of the proposed algorithm as well as validation of the hybrid scheme with experimental results is presented. In this paper, the Maxwell stress tensor is used to calculate the dielectrophoretic force acting on particles by considering the physical effect of particles in the computational domain. Thus, this study eliminates the approximations used in point dipole methods for calculating dielectrophoretic force. A comparative study between Maxwell stress tensor and point dipole methods for computing dielectrophoretic forces are presented. The hybrid method is used to investigate the physics of dielectrophoresis in microfluidic devices using an AC electric field. The numerical results show that with proper design and appropriate selection of applied potential and frequency, global electric field minima can be obtained to facilitate multiple particle trapping by exploiting the mechanism of negative dielectrophoresis. Our numerical results also show that electrically neutral particles form a chain parallel to the applied electric field irrespective of their initial orientation when an AC electric field is applied. This proposed hybrid numerical scheme will help to better understand dielectrophoresis and to design and optimize microfluidic devices.

  10. Using ownership types to support library aliasing boundaries Luke Wagner Jaakko Jarvi Bjarne Stroustrup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrigstad, Tobias

    Using ownership types to support library aliasing boundaries Luke Wagner Jaakko J¨arvi Bjarne types. Based on the positive experience with the concurrency library, this paper considers a family of the aliasing boundaries required by the library with those expressed with own- ership types; (3) describes

  11. Intercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuidema, Paquita

    /crystal concentration also suggests the need for improved understanding of ice nucleation and its parameterizationIntercomparison of cloud model simulations of Arctic mixed-phase boundary layer clouds observed is presented. This case study is based on observations of a persistent mixed-phase boundary layer cloud

  12. Building boundary is necessary for the real estate industry, flood management, and homeland security applications.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shan, Jie

    Abstract Building boundary is necessary for the real estate industry, flood management, and homeland security applications. The extraction of building boundary is also a crucial and difficult step, and Purdue University campus are evaluated. Introduction Airborne lidar (light detection and ranging

  13. Buoyancy-Driven Rotating Boundary P.A. YECKOb AND S.P. MEACHAMc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yecko, Philip

    and numerical models. A sloping boundary in a stratified back- ground results in robust stability at all by a solid boundary on the right (looking along the direction of flow in the Northern hemisphere-shaped vortices affectionately known as Meddies. Such long-range mixing capabilities of some currents has

  14. Friction of a slider on a granular layer: Nonmonotonic thickness dependence and effect of boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudrolli, Arshad

    Friction of a slider on a granular layer: Nonmonotonic thickness dependence and effect of boundary the effective friction encountered by a mass sliding on a granular layer as a function of bed thickness and boundary roughness conditions. The observed friction has minima for a small number of layers before

  15. Relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in nickel Jia Li, Shen J. Dillon 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    Relative grain boundary area and energy distributions in nickel Jia Li, Shen J. Dillon 1 , Gregory boundary energies and areas are inversely correlated. Ó 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd and focused ion beam serial sectioning. These data have been used to determine the relative areas of different

  16. THE BOUNDARY RIGIDITY PROBLEM IN THE PRESENCE OF A MAGNETIC FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhlmann, Gunther

    of reversible systems 36 6.4. Generic local boundary rigidity 38 Appendix A. Geometry of magnetic systems 42 A.1. Santal´o's formula 45 A.5. Index form of a magnetic geodesic 46 Appendix B. Study of a certain classTHE BOUNDARY RIGIDITY PROBLEM IN THE PRESENCE OF A MAGNETIC FIELD NURLAN S. DAIRBEKOV, GABRIEL P

  17. PROPAGATION OF ALFVN WAVES AT THE PLASMA SHEET BOUNDARY Robert L. Lysak and Yan Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lysak, Bob

    PROPAGATION OF ALFVÃ?N WAVES AT THE PLASMA SHEET BOUNDARY LAYER Robert L. Lysak and Yan Song School conversion or by localized plasma flows in the tail. The generation and propagation of these waves is studied nonlinear MHD simulations of wave propagation at the boundary layer. INTRODUCTION Recent observations from

  18. Gas-surface interaction and boundary conditions for the Boltzmann equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieussens, Luc

    Gas-surface interaction and boundary conditions for the Boltzmann equation St´ephane Brull, Pierre Equation. The interaction between the wall atoms and the gas molecules within a thin surface layer of the gas in the bulk flow. Boundary conditions are formally derived from this model by using classical

  19. Grain Boundary Decohesion and Particle-Matrix Debonding in Aluminum Alloy 7075-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    Grain Boundary Decohesion and Particle- Matrix Debonding in Aluminum Alloy 7075- T651 using the PPR - matrix debonding occur in some aluminum alloys. o To model accurately MSFC behavior in aluminum. Aluminum: properties and physical metallurgy. ASM International, 1984. 3 120µm 120µm grain boundaries

  20. Modeling a swimming fish with an initial-boundary value problem: unsteady maneuvers of an elastic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Marc L.

    Modeling a swimming fish with an initial-boundary value problem: unsteady maneuvers of an elastic In order to model unsteady maneuvers in swimming fish, we develop an initial-boundary value problem for a fourth-order hyperbolic partial differential equation in which the fish's body is treated as an inhomo

  1. A fast multipole boundary element method for modeling 2-D multiple crack problems with constant elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    A fast multipole boundary element method for modeling 2-D multiple crack problems with constant 3 April 2014 Accepted 20 May 2014 Keywords: Fast multipole BEM 2-D multi-crack problems Constant elements Crack opening displacements Stress intensity factors a b s t r a c t A fast multipole boundary

  2. FAST MULTIPOLE ACCELERATED BOUNDARY ELEMENTS FOR NUMERICAL COMPUTATION OF THE HEAD RELATED TRANSFER FUNCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zotkin, Dmitry N.

    FAST MULTIPOLE ACCELERATED BOUNDARY ELEMENTS FOR NUMERICAL COMPUTATION OF THE HEAD RELATED TRANSFER with measure- ments are also difficult. We present a fast multipole based iterative preconditioned Krylov are presented. Index Terms-- Head related transfer function, Boundary ele- ment method, Fast Multipole Method

  3. Statistical Study of ZigZag Transition Boundaries in Longitudinal Digital Magnetic Recording

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    i Statistical Study of Zig­Zag Transition Boundaries in Longitudinal Digital Magnetic Recording, we study the statistics of zig­zag transition walls in digital magnetic recording­zag boundary itself is a realization of a random process, which is why the observed media noise is indeed noise

  4. Atomistic simulations of structures and mechanical properties of polycrystalline diamond: Symmetrical S001< tilt grain boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, Donald W.

    Atomistic simulations of structures and mechanical properties of polycrystalline diamond for diamond to deposit as a polycrystalline film with a high density of grain boundaries and related defects structures and energies of symmetrical 001 tilt grain boundaries GB's in diamond have been calculated over

  5. A gas-solid free boundary problem for compressible viscous gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Chemical, Beijing,100029,China Abstract In this paper we propose a gas-solid free boundary problem is physically natural because the density of the gas transited in phase from the solid is usually much less thanA gas-solid free boundary problem for compressible viscous gas Feimin Huang y Akitaka Matsumura y

  6. Comparison between active sensor and radiosonde cloud boundaries over the ARM Southern Great Plains site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to test the strengths and limitations of cloud boundary retrievals from radiosonde profiles, 4 yearsComparison between active sensor and radiosonde cloud boundaries over the ARM Southern Great Plains radiosonde-based methods applied to 200 m resolution profiles obtained at the same site. The lidar

  7. Pavement Boundary Detection Via Circular Shape Models Bing Ma \\Lambda Sridhar Lakshmanan Alfred O. Hero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hero, Alfred O.

    Pavement Boundary Detection Via Circular Shape Models Bing Ma \\Lambda Sridhar Lakshmanan Alfred O bingm@umich.edu lakshman@umich.edu hero@eecs.umich.edu Abstract Automated detection of pavement of art systems for detecting and tracking pavement boundaries use a priori shape models to describe

  8. Mycological Society of America A Gene Genealogical Approach to Recognize Phylogenetic Species Boundaries in the Lichenized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Mycological Society of America A Gene Genealogical Approach to Recognize Phylogenetic Species-8897 A gene genealogical approach to recognize phylogenetic species boundaries in the lichenized fungus, was investigated as a model system in which to recognize species boundaries. Gene genealogies of 6 and 12 loci were

  9. Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary from surface wave tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary from surface wave velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle of the Caribbean-South American boundary region American continental lithosphere, the Venezuelan archipelago, and the Caribbean oceanic lithosphere

  10. Simulation of surface waves with porous boundaries in a 2-D numerical wave tank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koo, Weoncheol

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are obtained for an arbitrary 2-D body. The boundary element method is then extended to the problem with porous boundaries. The flow inside porous medium is based on Darcy's rule. Analytic solutions are obtained for the flat porous bottom case and compared...

  11. Spreading of the Free Boundary of an Ideal Fluid in a Vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    . For compressible fluids, the normal derivative of the square of the sound speed must be negative liquids (positive fluid density on the free boundary) was established in [12], see also [13], [14. For liquids, the normal derivative of the pressure is negative on the free boundary. This implies

  12. Effect of densification mechanism on the S2 grain boundary plane distribution in WCCo composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    (sinter- HIP) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). It was found that the S2 twist boundary is the most common point of Co, was maintained for 30 min. Sample 2 (similarly hereinafter) was prepared via spark plasma Keywords: Grain boundary Cemented carbide Sintering Electron microscopy Five parameter analysis a b s t r

  13. Characterization of Oscillatory Boundary Layer over a Closely Packed Bed of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Sourabh V.

    Characterization of Oscillatory Boundary Layer over a Closely Packed Bed of Sediment Particles Boundary Layer over a Closely Packed Bed of Sediment Particles Chaitanya D. Ghodke*, Joseph Skitka a detailed knowledge of the small amplitude oscillatory flow over the sediment layer near the sea bed. Fully

  14. Comparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    Laboratories (SNL) [23] have utilized new, high-throughput methods to measure energy for large ensemblesComparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a , Elizabeth boundary energy data sets for Ni. Using these results, we perform the first large-scale comparison between

  15. Modification of boundary lubrication by oil-soluble friction modifier Yingxi Zhua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granick, Steve

    Modification of boundary lubrication by oil-soluble friction modifier additives Yingxi Zhua in lubricants of the type used at the wet clutch interface in automatic transmissions has been studied using in the boundary lubrication regime and compared to a fully-formulated automatic transmission fluid (ATF). 1

  16. AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 1 Crustal Block Rotations and Plate Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCaffrey, Robert

    AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 1 Crustal Block Rotations and Plate Coupling that considering both block rotations and fault locking significantly improves the fit to the data over models by locking on #12;AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 2 block-bounding faults and apply

  17. Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biktashev, Vadim N.

    wave patterns in R 2 , in terms of the kinematic approach. These patterns include rotating waves by Winfree [13]. The kinematic approach of [8] also considered a boundary of existence of spiral waveWaves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media. Yu.E. Elkin

  18. TWO-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATIONS OF VALVELESS PUMPING USING THE IMMERSED BOUNDARY METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peskin, Charles S.

    TWO-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATIONS OF VALVELESS PUMPING USING THE IMMERSED BOUNDARY METHOD EUNOK JUNG. 1, pp. 19­45 Abstract. Flow driven by pumping without valves is examined, motivated by biomedical words. valveless pumping, immersed boundary method, frequency, CPR AMS subject classifications. 76D05

  19. Modelling wave attenuation over the mudflat/saltmarsh boundary: coping with sea level rise in estuaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    Modelling wave attenuation over the mudflat/saltmarsh boundary: coping with sea level rise of the saltmarsh/mudflat boundary, in attenuating wave processes remains ill-defined. This is problematic given of the mudflat/saltmarsh edge and the marsh is constrained from landward translation by structures (coastal

  20. SURVIVAL PROBABILITY OF THE BRANCHING RANDOM WALK KILLED BELOW A LINEAR BOUNDARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SURVIVAL PROBABILITY OF THE BRANCHING RANDOM WALK KILLED BELOW A LINEAR BOUNDARY JEAN B´ERARD, JEAN on the asymptotic behavior of the survival probability of the branching random walk killed below a linear boundary- Derrida theory of stochastic fronts are discussed. 1. Introduction Consider a real-valued branching random

  1. Overcoming the Boundary Layer Turbulence at Dome C: Ground-Layer Adaptive Optics versus Tower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashley, Michael C. B.

    Overcoming the Boundary Layer Turbulence at Dome C: Ground-Layer Adaptive Optics versus Tower T the boundary layer: mounting a telescope on a tower that physically puts it above the turbulent layer such a goal, two solutions can be proposed. The most intuitive one is to place a telescope on a tower

  2. Momentum and heat fluxes in a turbulent air flow over a wet, smooth boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Warren

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Idealized sketch, of boundary layer flow regions................ .............45 Figure 2 Schematic diagram of wind tunnel. . . . 46 Figure 3 Photograph of wind tunnel............ .. 47 Figure 4 Photograph of wind tunnel............ .. 47 Figure 5... mechanism and probe.................. .. 49 Figure 9 Distances of interest in the momentum and thermal boundary layers ............ 50 Figure 10 A typical velocity and temperature profile comparison .................. .. 51 Figure 1 1 Variation...

  3. Body Fitted Grid Generation Method with Moving Boundaries and Its Application for analysis of MEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Body Fitted Grid Generation Method with Moving Boundaries and Its Application for analysis of MEMS these MEMS devices using body fitted grid generation method with moving boundaries is proposed. This technique is based on the finite-difference time-domain (FD-TD) method and a kind of grid generation

  4. Solutions for nonlinear convection in the presence of a lateral boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skeldon, Anne C.

    Solutions for nonlinear convection in the presence of a lateral boundary P.G. Daniels, D. Ho & A into account the effect of a lateral boundary and without the need for extensive numerical calculations crystals, in crystal growth and in the buckling of plates (see, for example, [1]). A key issue

  5. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Where is the North China­South China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  6. INTERANNUAL AND SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN MARINE BOUNDARY LAYER CLOUD FRACTION AND LOWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    : ___________________________________________________________ #12;i Abstract Marine boundary layer (MBL) clouds have a large effect on the global radiation budget cooling effect in the MBL. Thus, simulating MBL clouds in General Circulation Models (GCM) is crucialINTERANNUAL AND SEASONAL VARIATIONS IN MARINE BOUNDARY LAYER CLOUD FRACTION AND LOWER TROPOSPHERIC

  7. Artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boeckle, Christoph

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the solution to the problem. We show a substantial increase in accuracy of the computed values for drag and lift when compared with results for traditional boundary conditions. We also analyze the qualitative behavior of the solutions in terms of the streamlines of the flow. The new boundary conditions are universal in the sense that they depend on a given body only through one constant, which can be determined in a feed-back loop as part of the solution process.

  8. A bridging technique to analyze the influence of boundary conditions on instability patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu Heng, E-mail: huheng@whu.edu.c [School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, 8 South Road of East Lake, 430072 Wuhan (China); Damil, Noureddine, E-mail: noureddine.damil@gmail.co [Laboratoire de Calcul Scientifique en Mecanique, Faculte des Sciences Ben M'Sik, Universite Hassan II Mohammedia-Casablanca, Sidi Othman, Casablanca (Morocco); Potier-Ferry, Michel, E-mail: michel.potierferry@univ-metz.f [Laboratoire d'Etude des Microstructures et de Mecanique des Materiaux, LEM3, UMR CNRS 7239, Universite Paul Verlaine-Metz, Ile du Saulcy, 57045 Metz Cedex 01 (France)

    2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present a new numerical technique that permits to analyse the effect of boundary conditions on the appearance of instability patterns. Envelope equations of Landau-Ginzburg type are classically used to predict pattern formation, but it is not easy to associate boundary conditions for these macroscopic models. Indeed, envelope equations ignore boundary layers that can be important, for instance in cases where the instability starts first near the boundary. In this work, the full model is considered close to the boundary, an envelope equation in the core and they are bridged by the Arlequin method . Simulation results are presented for the problem of buckling of long beams lying on a non-linear elastic foundation.

  9. A unified physical boundary condition for massless fields of arbitrary spin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Stokes; Robert Bennett

    2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Boundary conditions for the Maxwell and Dirac fields at material surfaces are widely-used and physically well-motivated, but do not appear to have been generalised to deal with higher spin fields. A consequence of this is that calculations of, for example, Casimir forces associated with higher spin fields always select some arbitrary mathematical boundary conditions, rather than those which are physically motivated. Here, we use the two-spinor calculus formalism to present a unified treatment of the boundary conditions routinely employed in the treatment of spin-1/2 and spin-1 fields. We then use this unification to obtain a completely new boundary condition that can be applied to massless fields of any spin, including the spin-2 graviton, and its supersymmetric partner the spin-3/2 gravitino. We demonstrate one important consequence of our generalisation, which is that periodic boundary conditions cannot be applied to any physically-confined fermionic field.

  10. Neumann-Type Boundary Conditions for Hamilton-Jacobi Equations in Smooth Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, Martin V. [Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0123 (United States)], E-mail: day@math.vt.edu

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Neumann or oblique derivative boundary conditions for viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations are considered. As developed by P.L. Lions, such boundary conditions are naturally associated with optimal control problems for which the state equations employ 'Skorokhod' or reflection dynamics to ensure that the state remains in a prescribed set, assumed here to have a smooth boundary. We develop connections between the standard formulation of viscosity boundary conditions and an alternative formulation using a naturally occurring discontinuous Hamiltonian which incorporates the reflection dynamics directly. (This avoids the dependence of such equivalence on existence and uniqueness results, which may not be available in some applications.) At points of differentiability, equivalent conditions for the boundary conditions are given in terms of the Hamiltonian and the geometry of the state trajectories using optimal controls.

  11. Modeling of grain boundary stresses in Alloy 600

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozaczek, K.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Sinharoy, A.; Ruud, C.O. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Mcllree, A.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrosive environments combined with high stress levels and susceptible microstructures can cause intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of Alloy 600 components on both primary and secondary sides of pressurized water reactors. One factor affecting the IGSCC is intergranular carbide precipitation controlled by heat treatment of Alloy 600. This study is concerned with analysis of elastic stress fields in vicinity of M{sub 7}C{sub 3} and M{sub 23}C{sub 6} carbides precipitated in the matrix and at a grain boundary triple point. The local stress concentration which can lead to IGSCC initiation was studied using a two-dimensional finite element model. The intergranular precipitates are more effective stress raisers than the intragranular precipitates. The combination of the elastic property mismatch and the precipitate shape can result in a local stress field substantially different than the macroscopic stress. The maximum local stresses in the vicinity of the intergranular precipitate were almost twice as high as the applied stress.

  12. No-boundary measure in the regime of eternal inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartle, James [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Hawking, S. W. [DAMTP, CMS, Wilberforce Road, CB3 0WA Cambridge (United Kingdom); Hertog, Thomas [APC, UMR 7164 (CNRS, Universite Paris 7), 10 rue A. Domon et L. Duquet, 75205 Paris, France, and International Solvay Institutes, Boulevard du Triomphe, ULB-C.P. 231, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The no-boundary wave function (NBWF) specifies a measure for prediction in cosmology that selects inflationary histories and remains well behaved for spatially large or infinite universes. This paper explores the predictions of the NBWF for linear scalar fluctuations about homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds in models with a single scalar field moving in a quadratic potential. We treat both the spacetime geometry of the universe and the observers inhabiting it quantum mechanically. We evaluate top-down probabilities for local observations that are conditioned on the NBWF and on part of our data as observers of the universe. For models where the most probable histories do not have a regime of eternal inflation, the NBWF predicts homogeneity on large scales, a spectrum of observable fluctuations with a small non-Gaussian component, and a small amount of inflation in our past. By contrast, for models where the dominant histories have a regime of eternal inflation, the NBWF predicts significant inhomogeneity on scales much larger than the present horizon, a Gaussian spectrum of observable fluctuations, and a long period of inflation in our past. The absence or presence of non-Gaussianity in our observable universe therefore provides information about its global structure, assuming the NBWF.

  13. Fermionic Casimir Effect on the Topological Insulator Boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. R. Muniz

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the Casimir effect on the conducting surface of a topological insulator characterized by both $Z_2$ topological index and time reversal symmetry, subject to the action of a static and spatially homogeneous magnetic field perpendicular to that surface, at zero temperature. To do this, we consider modifications in the Gauss' law that arise due to the nonzero gradient of the axion-like pseudoscalar factor coupled to the constant magnetic field, which occur in a term that must be added to the electromagnetic Lagrangian in order to account for the topological properties of the system. Such term allows to find an effective point-like charge that changes the quantum vacuum of a spinor field in 1+2 dimensions confined on the edge under analysis. Since that the Casimir energy found depends on a length defined on the boundary, we show that there is a tangential density of force or a shear stress associated to the surface, tending to shrink or stretch it depending on the magnetic field direction. These results are extended for the case in which the surface forms a interface between two TI's.

  14. Bottom boundary layer measurements in OMP. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gross, T.F. [Skidaway Inst. of Oceanography, Savannah, GA (United States); Williams, A.J. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst., MA (United States)

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main role of the Benthic Acoustic Stress Sensor (BASS) tripods within the Ocean Margins Program experiments was to detect and quantify organic carbon rich particle transport off the shelf. This requires measures of the turbulent boundary layer flow and bed stress, the physical forcing of the particle transport, as well as the concentration and type of particles which are being transported. The BASS tripods were deployed at sites 17 and 26. Data from site 26 were recovered spanning three periods: Feb. 2--April 6, May 13--June 27, June 28--Aug. 18. Site 17 was occupied Feb. 12--april 11. The BASS tripods were arrayed with five BASS sensors measuring detailed velocity parameters within four meters of the seabed. Velocity time series indicate a usually weak tidal flow which produces small bed stress by itself. On the occasions when a strong flow, probably the Gulf Stream, crosses the area, the bed shear stress increases dramatically to as much as 10 dyne cm{sup {minus}2}. This is competent to move unconsolidated sediments in the area. Other instruments from the tripods include: two conductivity/temperature sensor pairs, five WetStar fluorometers, thermistors, transmissometer, optical backscatterence sensors and a pressure sensor.

  15. Phonon thermal transport through tilt grain boundaries in strontium titanate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Zexi; Chen, Xiang; Yang, Shengfeng; Xiong, Liming; Chen, Youping [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Deng, Bowen; Chernatynskiy, Aleksandr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we perform nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations to study phonon scattering at two tilt grain boundaries (GBs) in SrTiO{sub 3}. Mode-wise energy transmission coefficients are obtained based on phonon wave-packet dynamics simulations. The Kapitza conductance is then quantified using a lattice dynamics approach. The obtained results of the Kapitza conductance of both GBs compare well with those obtained by the direct method, except for the temperature dependence. Contrary to common belief, the results of this work show that the optical modes in SrTiO{sub 3} contribute significantly to phonon thermal transport, accounting for over 50% of the Kapitza conductance. To understand the effect of the GB structural disorder on phonon transport, we compare the local phonon density of states of the atoms in the GB region with that in the single crystalline grain region. Our results show that the excess vibrational modes introduced by the structural disorder do not have a significant effect on phonon scattering at the GBs, but the absence of certain modes in the GB region appears to be responsible for phonon reflections at GBs. This work has also demonstrated phonon mode conversion and simultaneous generation of new modes. Some of the new modes have the same frequency as the initial wave packet, while some have the same wave vector but lower frequencies.

  16. Grain boundary dissipation in high-{Tc} superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, K. E.; Miller, D. J.; Field, M. B.; Kim, D. H.; Berghuis, P.

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin-film and bulk [001] tilt bicrystal grain boundaries (GBs) in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} exhibit a strong dependence of critical current density, J{sub c} on misorientation angle. What was initially difficult to understand was the 30x smaller J{sub c} in bulk GBs which are microscopically more perfect. The authors review an explanation of this zero-field data, which is based on the pinning of Josephson vortices by the meandering found in thin-film GBs. In addition, there is evidence that J{sub c} of GBs does not drop as quickly with applied magnetic field as expected by simple Josephson junction models. The long-wavelength pinning potential due to meandering is less effective at high fields, but Gurevich and Cooley (GC) proposed a new mechanism for an enhanced GB J{sub c} arising from pinned Abrikosov vortices in the banks of a GB which present a static, quasiperiodic pinning potential to pin GB vortices. They find a peak in J{sub c} and an unusual hysteresis which give considerable support to the GC concept. In low fields, the GBs exhibit a larger J{sub c} for field cooling, which is opposite to the usual hysteresis but agrees with GC due to the larger Abrikosov vortex density in the banks. Magnetization data on the same sample are consistent including the identification of the irreversibility field.

  17. SUPERSONIC DOWNFLOWS AT THE UMBRA-PENUMBRA BOUNDARY OF SUNSPOTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, Rohan E.; Mathew, Shibu K.; Venkatakrishnan, P. [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory Dewali, Badi Road, Udaipur, Rajasthan-313004 (India); Bellot Rubio, Luis R., E-mail: eugene@prl.res.in [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Apartado de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain)

    2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    High-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of three sunspots taken with Hinode demonstrate the existence of supersonic downflows at or close to the umbra-penumbra boundary which have not been reported before. These downflows are confined to large patches, usually encompassing bright penumbral filaments, and have lifetimes of more than 14 hr. The presence of strong downflows in the center-side penumbra near the umbra rules out an association with the Evershed flow. Chromospheric filtergrams acquired close to the time of the spectropolarimetric measurements show large, strong, and long-lived brightenings in the neighborhood of the downflows. The photospheric intensity also exhibits persistent brightenings comparable to the quiet Sun. Interestingly, the orientation of the penumbral filaments at the site of the downflows is similar to that resulting from the reconnection process described by Ryutova et al. The existence of such downflows in the inner penumbra represents a challenge for numerical models of sunspots because they have to explain them in terms of physical processes likely affecting the chromosphere.

  18. Simulating biofilm deformation and detachment with the immersed boundary method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudarsan, Rangarajan; Stockie, John M; Eberl, Hermann J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply the immersed boundary (or IB) method to simulate deformation and detachment of a periodic array of wall-bounded biofilm colonies in response to a linear shear flow. The biofilm material is represented as a network of Hookean springs that are placed along the edges of a triangulation of the biofilm region. The interfacial shear stress, lift and drag forces acting on the biofilm colony are computed by using fluid stress jump method developed by Williams, Fauci and Gaver [Disc. Contin. Dyn. Sys. B 11(2):519-540, 2009], with a modified version of their exclusion filter. Our detachment criterion is based on the novel concept of an averaged equivalent continuum stress tensor defined at each IB point in the biofilm which is then used to determine a corresponding von Mises yield stress; wherever this yield stress exceeds a given critical threshold the connections to that node are severed, thereby signalling the onset of a detachment event. In order to capture the deformation and detachment behaviour of a bio...

  19. A Study of UO2 Grain Boundary Structure and Thermal Resistance Change under Irradiation using Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tianyi

    2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Our study is focused on the behavior of grain boundaries in uranium dioxide system under irradiation conditions. The research can be seen as two parts: the study of interaction of the grain boundary and the damage cascade, and the calculation...

  20. Establishing geochemical constraints on mass accumulation rates across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary with extraterrestrial Helium-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giron, Marie Minh-Thu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Records of ocean biogeochemistry in marine sediments show shifts across the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary (K-Pg) that are simultaneous with the extinction event and onset of the boundary clay deposition. However, the ...

  1. Computer simulation of grain boundary self-diffusion in aluminum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dragunov, Andrei S., E-mail: andrei.dragunov@aun.edu.ng [American University of Nigeria, Nigeria, Adamawa State, Yola Yola By-Pass 98 Lamido Zubairu Way (Nigeria); Weckman, A. V.; Demyanov, B. F. [Altai State Technical University, Russia, Altai Region, Barnaul (Russian Federation)

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In the work study the process of self-diffusion in symmetric tilt grain boundaries (GB) with the axes misorientation [100], [110] and [111]. The research was carried out by the methods of computer simulation The objects of the research are the three GB of common and special type for each axis misorientation. The angles of misorientation of the common GB is amounted to 10°, 30° and 50°. The simulation was performed by the method of molecular dynamics in the temperature range from 600 to 1000 K, with an interval of 50 K. For research on the direction jumps atoms were built tracks the movement of atoms in the process of self-diffusion. The calculations have shown, that for all of GB is characterized by pronounced anisotropy of the jumps at low temperatures (< 700K). At temperatures near to the melting point directions of the jumps are isotropic only for three GB (?=30°[100], ?=50=[100] and ?5(013)[100]). For other GB such as [100] and [110] remains priority direction of diffusion along the nuclei GB dislocations. Arrenius curves have from one to three linear plots with different tilt. Change the tilt of Arrenius dependences testifies to the change in the mechanism of self-diffusion. The parameters of grainboundary self-diffusion were determined The activation energy of grainboundary diffusion in 4–5 times lower than the energy of activation of a volume self-diffusion of aluminum (about 200 KJ/mol). The minimum value of activation energy has GB 10° with the axis misorientation [100] (10,15 KJ/mol), maximum (104.12 Kj/mol) - a special GB ?11(113)

  2. Atom probe study of grain boundary segregation in technically pure molybdenum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babinsky, K., E-mail: katharina.babinsky@stud.unileoben.ac.at [Montanuniversität Leoben, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, Franz-Josef Straße 18, 8700 Leoben (Austria); Weidow, J., E-mail: jonathan.weidow@chalmers.se [Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Applied Physics, 412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Knabl, W., E-mail: wolfram.knabl@plansee.com [PLANSEE SE, Metallwerk-Plansee-Straße 71, 6600 Reutte (Austria); Lorich, A., E-mail: alexander.lorich@plansee.com [PLANSEE SE, Metallwerk-Plansee-Straße 71, 6600 Reutte (Austria); Leitner, H., E-mail: harald.leitner@bohler-edelstahl.at [Montanuniversität Leoben, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, Franz-Josef Straße 18, 8700 Leoben (Austria); Primig, S., E-mail: sophie.primig@unileoben.ac.at [Montanuniversität Leoben, Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, Franz-Josef Straße 18, 8700 Leoben (Austria)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Molybdenum, a metal with excellent physical, chemical and high-temperature properties, is an interesting material for applications in lighting-technology, high performance electronics, high temperature furnace construction and coating technology. However, its applicability as a structural material is limited because of the poor oxidation resistance at high temperatures and a brittle-to-ductile transition around room temperature, which is influenced by the grain size and the content of interstitial impurities at the grain boundaries. Due to the progress of the powder metallurgical production during the last decades, the amount of impurities in the current quality of molybdenum has become so small that surface sensitive techniques are not applicable anymore. Therefore, the atom probe, which allows the detection of small amounts of impurities as well as their location, seems to be a more suitable technique. However, a site-specific specimen preparation procedure for grain boundaries in refractory metals with a dual focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope is still required. The present investigation describes the development and successful application of such a site-specific preparation technique for grain boundaries in molybdenum, which is significantly improved by a combination with transmission electron microscopy. This complimentary technique helps to improve the visibility of grain boundaries during the last preparation steps and to evidence the presence of grain and subgrain boundaries without segregants in atom probe specimens. Furthermore, in industrially processed and recrystallized molybdenum sheets grain boundary segregation of oxygen, nitrogen and potassium is successfully detected close to segregated regions which are believed to be former sinter pores. - Highlights: • First study of grain boundary segregation in molybdenum by atom probe • Site-specific preparation technique by FIB and TEM successfully developed • Grain boundary segregation of oxygen, nitrogen and potassium found • Segregation in former sinter-pores detected • Presence of grain boundaries without segregation evidenced.

  3. Response to “Comment on ‘Velocity boundary conditions at a tokamak resistive wall’” [Phys. Plasmas 21, 094701 (2014)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strauss, H. R., E-mail: hank@hrsfusion.com [HRS Fusion, West Orange, New Jersey 07052 (United States)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A response is given to “Comment on ‘Velocity boundary conditions at a tokamak resistive wall’?” [Phys. Plasmas 21, 094701 (2014)].

  4. The PPP model of alternant cyclic polyenes with modified boundary conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bendazzoli, G.L.; Evangelisti, S. [Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica ed Inorganica, Bologna (Italy)

    1995-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The extension of the PPP Hamiltonian for alternant cyclic polyenes to noninteger values of the pseudomomentum by imposing modified boundary conditions is discussed in detail. It is shown that a computer program for periodic boundary conditions can be easily adapted to the new boundary conditions. Full CI computations are carried out for some low-lying states of the PPP model of alternant cyclic polyenes (CH){sub N} (N even) at half-filling. The energy values obtained by using periodic (Bloch) and antiperiodic (Moebius) orbitals are used to perform energy extrapolations for N {yields} {infinity}. 38 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

  5. Research of a boundary condition quantifiable correction method in the assembly homogenization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, L. H.; Liu, Z. H.; Zhao, J. [Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, 100084 (China); Li, W. H. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, 518026 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The methods and codes currently used in assembly homogenization calculation mostly adopt the reflection boundary conditions. The influences of real boundary conditions on the assembly homogenized parameters were analyzed. They were summarized into four quantifiable effects, and then the mathematical expressions could be got by linearization hypothesis. Through the calculation of a test model, it had been found that the result was close to transport calculation result when considering four boundary quantifiable effects. This method would greatly improve the precision of a core design code which using the assembly homogenization methods, but without much increase of the computing time. (authors)

  6. Ion boundary conditions in semi-infinite fluid models of electron beam-plasma interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levko, Dmitry [LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Universite de Toulouse, UPS, INPT Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The modified Bohm criterion is derived for the plasma consisting of the monoenergetic electron beam and thermal electrons. This criterion allows us to define the accurate ion boundary conditions for semi-infinite collisionless fluid models of electron beam–plasma interaction. In the absence of electron beam, these boundary conditions give the classical sheath parameters. When the monoenergetic electron beam propagates through the plasma, the fluid model with proposed boundary conditions gives the results, which are in qualitative agreement with the results obtained earlier in M. Sharifian and B. Shokri, Phys. Plasmas 14, 093503 (2007). However, dynamics and parameters of the plasma sheath are different.

  7. Determination of thermodynamic and kinetic properties of grain boundaries using high temperature calorimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, C.D.; Chiang, Y.M. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA)); Eastman, J.A.; Liao, Y. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work explores the use of high temperature differential scanning calorimetry as a novel way in which to measure thermodynamic and kinetic properties of grain boundaries in ceramics. A calorimetric study of grain growth has become practical only recently, with the development of processing methods for nanocrystalline materials (10--50 nm grain size) that have enough grain boundary area and thus grain boundary excess properties to be detected by commercial calorimeters. Here we report results from experiments on nanocrystalline silicon and titanium dioxide. 14 refs., 6 figs.

  8. Boundary conditions in mixture theory and in CFD applications of higher order models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massoudi, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the importance of and the need for (additional) boundary conditions in Mixture Theory (also known as the Theory of Interacting Continua). Specifically, we will give an overview of the model due to Rajagopal and Massoudi which is appropriate for the flow of a linearly viscous fluid infused with solid particles. The solid particles are modeled as granular materials. In this formulation the need for additional boundary condition arises due to higher gradients of density (or volume fraction). The challenging issue of how to ‘split’ the total stress or the total velocity at the boundary is also discussed.

  9. F/sub 2/ boundary layer measurement in a chemical laser slit nozzle flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spenser, D.J.; Durran, D.A.; Bixler, H.A.; Varwig, R.L.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensitive F2 absorption diagnostic suitable for slit nozzle scanning was developed and applied to the measurement of an F2 boundary layer in an HF chemical laser flow. The F2 boundary layer profile was determined to be of exponential decay form with peak at the nozzle wall and of width approx. 1/3 the viscous boundary layer. The F2 concentration profile was displaced inwardly and slightly compressed by the H2 slit injection at the nozzle exit plane. The F2 profile apparently remains fairly intact in passing through the lasing zone.

  10. Grain boundary enhanced carrier collection in CdTe solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Chen [ORNL] [ORNL; Wu, Yelong [University of Toledo] [University of Toledo; Poplawsky, Jonathan D [ORNL] [ORNL; Paudel, Naba [University of Toledo] [University of Toledo; Yin, Wanjian [University of Toledo] [University of Toledo; Pennycook, Timothy [University of Oxford] [University of Oxford; Haigh, Sarah [University of Manchester, UK] [University of Manchester, UK; Oxley, Mark P [ORNL] [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL] [ORNL; Al-jassim, Mowafak [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL] [ORNL; Yan, Yanfa [University of Toledo] [University of Toledo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The atomic structure and composition of grain boundaries in CdCl2 treated CdTe solar cells have been determined with aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. A high fraction of Te in the grain boundary regions has been substituted by Cl. Density functional calculations reveal the origin of such segregation levels, and further indicate the GBs are likely inverted to n-type, establishing local P-N junctions, which help to separate electron-hole carriers. The results are in good agreement with electron beam induced current observations of high collection efficiency at grain boundaries.

  11. Five-dimensional vector-coupled supergravity on a manifold with boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McReynolds, Sean

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the bosonic and fermionic symmetries of five-dimensional Maxwell- and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories on a spacetime with boundaries (isomorphic to M x S1/Z2). Due to the appearance of the "Chern-Simons" term, the classical action is not generally invariant under gauge and supersymmetries. Once bulk vector fields are allowed to propagate on the boundaries, there is an "inflow" governed by the rank-3 symmetric tensor that defines the five-dimensional theories. We discuss the requirements that invariance of the action imposes on new matter content and boundary conditions.

  12. Five-dimensional vector-coupled supergravity on a manifold with boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean McReynolds

    2007-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the bosonic and fermionic symmetries of five-dimensional Maxwell- and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories on a spacetime with boundaries (isomorphic to M x S1/Z2). Due to the appearance of the "Chern-Simons" term, the classical action is not generally invariant under gauge and supersymmetries. Once bulk vector fields are allowed to propagate on the boundaries, there is an "inflow" governed by the rank-3 symmetric tensor that defines the five-dimensional theories. We discuss the requirements that invariance of the action imposes on new matter content and boundary conditions.

  13. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 27 JUNE 2010 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1687 How grain boundaries limit supercurrents in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    -Tc wires and tapes is well known to be limited by the presence of grain boundaries, regions of mismatch-temperature superconductor (HTS) grain boundaries. First, a variation with angle can arise from the relative orientation of the longstanding HTS `grain boundary problem' arises from the multiple length scales involved: atomic

  14. Robust model-based detection of the lung field boundaries in portable chest radiographs supported by selective thresholding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athens, University of

    Robust model-based detection of the lung field boundaries in portable chest radiographs supported of the lung field boundaries in portable chest radiographs supported by selective thresholding D K Iakovidis1-ray misinterpretation rates. This paper presents a novel methodology for the detection of the lung field boundaries

  15. Design of a model propulsor for a boundary layer ingesting aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grasch, Adam D. (Adam Davis)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents contributions to the analysis and design of propulsion simulators for 1:11 and 1:4 scale model wind tunnel investigations of an advanced civil transport aircraft with boundary layer ingestion (BLI). ...

  16. Boundary-Layer Receptivity to Three-Dimensional Roughness Arrays on a Swept-Wing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Lauren Elizabeth

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    is required. This study uses detailed hotwire boundary-layer velocity scans to quantify the relationship between roughness height and initial disturbance amplitude. Naphthalene flow visualization provides insight into how transition changes as a result...

  17. Numerical solution of transient eddy current problems with input current intensities as boundary data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    Numerical solution of transient eddy current problems with input current intensities as boundary to solve transient eddy current problems with input current intensities as data, formulated in terms: Eddy current problems, time-dependent electromagnetic problems, input current intensities, finite

  18. Experimental visualization of the near-boundary hydrodynamics about fish-like swimming bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Techet, Alexandra Hughes

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis takes a look at the near boundary flow about fish-like swimming bodies. Experiments were performed up to Reynolds number 106 using laser Doppler velocimetry and particle imaging techniques. The turbulence in ...

  19. A Study of Frontal-Scale Air-Sea Interaction in Midlatitude Western Boundary Current Regimes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Xiaohui

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Frontal-scale air-sea interactions during boreal winter season in midlatitude western boundary current (WBC) regimes, including the Kuroshio Extension Region (KER) and Gulf Stream Region (GSR), are investigated using both observational (reanalysis...

  20. Deformation behavior of cylindrical block copolymer bicrystals : pathway to understanding block copolymer grain boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanakamol, Panitarn

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model bicrystals made by adhering pieces of near-single-crystal styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) cylindrical block copolymer (BCP), produced by a roll-casting process; yield various types of pure tilt grain boundaries. The ...

  1. loading dir (MPa) Grain Boundary Decohesion and Particle-Matrix Debonding in Aluminum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    loading dir (MPa) Grain Boundary Decohesion and Particle-Matrix Debonding in Aluminum Alloy 7075-T - matrix debonding occur in some aluminum alloys. · To model accurately MSFC behavior in aluminum

  2. Seismic and gravitational studies of melting in the mantle's thermal boundary layers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Ark, Emily M

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents three studies which apply geophysical tools to the task of better understanding mantle melting phenomena at the upper and lower boundaries of the mantle. The first study uses seafloor bathymetry and ...

  3. Detecting subject boundaries within text: A language-independent statistical approach. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Korin; Smith, Andrew James; Amitay, Einat

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe here an algorithm for detecting subject boundaries within text based on a statistical lexical similarity measure. Hearst has already tackled this problem with good results (Hearst, 1994). One of her main ...

  4. Solution of the Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderately dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Latyshev; A. D. Kurilov

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-space boundary Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderate dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions along a flat firm surface is solving. The new method of the solution of boundary problems of the kinetic theory is applied (see JVMMF, 2012, 52:3, 539-552). The method allows to receive the solution with arbitrary degree of accuracy. The idea of representation of boundary condition on distribution function in the form of source in the kinetic equation serves as the basis for the method mentioned above. By means of Fourier integrals the kinetic equation with a source comes to the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. The solution has been received in the form of Neumann's number.

  5. LocARNA-P: Accurate boundary prediction and improved detection of structural RNAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, T.

    Current genomic screens for noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) predict a large number of genomic regions containing potential structural ncRNAs. The analysis of these data requires highly accurate prediction of ncRNA boundaries and ...

  6. VARIATIONS IN THE HELIOSPHERIC POLAR ENERGETIC NEUTRAL ATOM FLUX OBSERVED BY THE INTERSTELLAR BOUNDARY EXPLORER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisenfeld, D. B.

    The ecliptic poles are observed continuously by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX); thus, it is possible to discern temporal variations in the energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) from the outer heliosphere on timescales ...

  7. Advances in the visualization and analysis of boundary layer flow in swimming fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Erik J

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In biology, the importance of fluid drag, diffusion, and heat transfer both internally and externally, suggest the boundary layer as an important subject of investigation, however, the complexities of biological systems ...

  8. Dynamics of strongly confined self propelled particles in non convex boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaouen Fily; Aparna Baskaran; Michael F. Hagan

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dynamics of non-aligning, non-interacting self-propelled particles confined to a box in two dimensions. In the strong confinement limit, when the persistence length of the active particles is much larger than the size of the box, particles stay on the boundary and align with the local boundary normal. It is then possible to derive the steady-state density on the boundary for arbitrary box shapes. In non-convex boxes, the non-uniqueness of the boundary normal results in hysteretic dynamics and the density is non-local, i.e. it depends on the global geometry of the box. These findings establish a general connection between the geometry of a confining box and the behavior of the active suspension it confines, thus providing a powerful tool to understand and design such confinements.

  9. Modeling stress accelerated grain boundary oxidation (SAGBO) in INCOLOY alloy 908

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soontrapa, Chaiyod

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the possibility of extending the Ph.D. work of Yan Xu on copper-tin alloys (University of Pennsylvania, 1999) to model stress accelerated grain boundary oxidation (SAGBO) in INCOLOY alloy 908. The steady ...

  10. Effective slip boundary conditions for arbitrary periodic surfaces: the surface mobility tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamrin, Kenneth N.

    In a variety of applications, most notably microfluidics design, slip-based boundary conditions have been sought to characterize fluid flow over patterned surfaces. We focus on laminar shear flows over surfaces with periodic ...

  11. The Effect of Deformation on Grain Boundary Wetness in Partially Molten Peridotite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Stephen E.

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The spatial distribution of the melt phase can affect many properties of partially molten rocks, including viscosity and seismic wave velocity. A good way to quantify this distribution is the grain boundary wetness, the fraction of total grain...

  12. Boundaries to membranes : the urban project revisited : an urban strategy for Rio de Janeiro, Zona Norte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Phebe (Phebe Helena Melania)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates urban boundaries in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro. The Zona Norte transitioned in the last hundred years from a rural outskirts area of Rio, into its industrial hinterland, into a fully urbanized ...

  13. Topological insulator and the theta vacuum in a system without boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Ting

    In this paper we address two questions concerning the effective action of a topological insulator in one- and three-dimensional space without boundaries, such as a torus. The first is whether a uniform theta term with ...

  14. On the pointwise jump condition at the free boundary in the 1-phase ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Our paper is close in scope to [We2], where the author studies the structure of the free boundary in the space variables for a.e. level of t. He does this instead by ...

  15. On the Configuration of the US Western Interconnection Voltage Stability Boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Elbert, Stephen T.; Huang, Zhenyu

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract—Stability limits are considered in power system planning and operations to estimate the available stability margins and, if possible, to maximize the utilization of transmission facilities. These important tasks are influenced by configuration of the stability boundary. The paper introduces a new fast approach to explore the voltage stability boundary of a large system and reveal its detailed multidimensional structure. The 17939-bus U.S. Western Interconnection planning model was used to illustrate the method. Significant peculiarities of the boundary’s configuration were identified, including its nonconvexity, discontinuity, branching and internal singularities (“holes”) that were not known before and could not been found by traditional methods. Experiments using WECC system are performed to evaluate the computation time using different methods. Our results show that the proposed methods are very promising in reducing calculation time and complexity

  16. Stability Analysis for a Saline Boundary Layer Formed by Uniform Up ow Using Finite Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    density in the deeper underground and high salt water density at the boundary layer), gravitation plays and Darcy's law. In this report we #12;rst give an overview of semi-analytical methods to analyse

  17. An energy absorbing far-field boundary condition for the elastic wave equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petersson, N A; Sjogreen, B

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present an energy absorbing non-reflecting boundary condition of Clayton-Engquist type for the elastic wave equation together with a discretization which is stable for any ratio of compressional to shear wave speed. They prove stability for a second order accurate finite-difference discretization of the elastic wave equation in three space dimensions together with a discretization of the proposed non-reflecting boundary condition. The stability proof is based on a discrete energy estimate and is valid for heterogeneous materials. The proof includes all six boundaries of the computational domain where special discretizations are needed at the edges and corners. The stability proof holds also when a free surface boundary condition is imposed on some sides of the computational domain.

  18. Development of an isolated flyback converter employing boundary-mode operation and magnetic flux sensing feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenia, Mayur V. (Mayur Vasant), 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the marriage of magnetic-flux-sensing feedback and boundary-mode operation in a flyback converter to create a simple, small, low-cost, isolated, and tightly regulated power supply. Although each ...

  19. The hydrodynamic stability of crossflow vortices in the Bdewadt boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The hydrodynamic stability of crossflow vortices in the Bödewadt boundary layer N. A. Culverhouse the critical Reynolds number. extends the laminar flow region. decreasing the magnitude of the crossflow

  20. The Effects of Step Excrescences on Swept-Wing Boundary-Layer Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Jr., Glen T.

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    flutter and handling-quality clearance flight proved the new test article is safe for the flight-testing experiments. Pressure measurements are compared with computational results, infrared thermography is used to globally detect boundary...

  1. Wavelet analysis study of microbubble drag reduction in a boundary channel flow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhen, Ling

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and pressure measurement techniques were performed to investigate the drag reduction due to microbubble injection in the boundary layer of a fully developed turbulent channel flow. ...

  2. Analysis of well test data influenced by multiple reservoir boundaries using pressure derivative type curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buzarde, Charles Brett

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . kzhi-p I) 141. 2 qBop 0. 0002637kt fpcir~~ 44 0. 0002637kt PlictL~ Single linear no-flow boundary first derivative12: 2. 18 dtDL 2tDL 4tD tDL Two perpendicular no-flow boundaries first derivative12: dtDL 2tDL 4tD tDL tDL 2. 19 Two boundaries... intersecting at a 30' angle first derivative: dtDL 2tDL 4tD + X tDL tDL 2. 20 where the ai are (see Appendix II). ap= 1 ai = 3. 732050808 a2 = 7. 464101615 a3 1 1. 19615242 a4 ?? 13. 92820323 a5 ? 14. 92820323 Two boundaries intersecting at a 45...

  3. Preprint of the paper "A General Formulation based on the Boundary Element Method for the Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colominas, Ignasi

    cost) to the analysis of large grounding systems in electrical substations. In this paper we present a new Boundary Element formulation for substation grounding systems embedded in layered soils of the substation site. Obviously, from a technical (and

  4. Efficient numerical methods for capacitance extraction based on boundary element method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Shu

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithms based on boundary element methods (BEM) and to compute the capacitance extraction in the presence of floating dummy conductors. We propose the PHiCap algorithm, which is based on a hierarchical refinement algorithm and the wavelet transform. Unlike...

  5. Biogeochemical proxies for environmental and biotic conditions at the Permian-Triassic boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Lindsay Elizabeth

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extinction at the Permian-Triassic boundary marked one of the most profound events of the Phanerozoic Eon. Although numerous hypotheses have been proposed, the trigger mechanism continues to be debated. This thesis ...

  6. Analysis and interpretation of tidal currents in the coastal boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Paul Wesley, 1950-

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concern with the impact of human activities on the coastal region of the world's oceans has elicited interest in the so-called "coastal boundary layer"-that band of water adjacent to the coast where ocean currents adjust ...

  7. Boundary element simulation of oscillating foil with leading-edge separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xiaoxia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we develop a numerical model to account for the leading-edge separation for the boundary element simulation of the oscillating foil with potential flow assumption. Similar to the trailing-edge separation, ...

  8. Friction and Diapycnal Mixing at a Slope: Boundary Control of Potential Vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benthuysen, Jessica

    Although atmospheric forcing by wind stress or buoyancy flux is known to change the ocean’s potential vorticity (PV) at the surface, less is understood about PV modification in the bottom boundary layer. The adjustment of ...

  9. Pressure of massless hot scalar theory in the boundary effective theory framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bessa, A. [Escola de Ciencias e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Caixa Postal 1524, 59072-970, Natal, RN (Brazil); Brandt, F. T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carvalho, C. A. A. de; Fraga, E. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the boundary effective theory approach to thermal field theory in order to calculate the pressure of a system of massless scalar fields with quartic interaction. The method naturally separates the infrared physics, and is essentially nonperturbative. To lowest order, the main ingredient is the solution of the free Euler-Lagrange equation with nontrivial (time) boundary conditions. We derive a resummed pressure, which is in good agreement with recent calculations found in the literature, following a very direct and compact procedure.

  10. The aerodynamic characteristics of an airfoil utilizing boundary layer and circulation control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boothe, Edward Milton

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF AN AIRFOIL UTILIZING BOUNDARY LAYER AND CIRCULATION CONTROL A Thesis By EDWARD MILTON BOOTHE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... . Wind Tunnel IV Auxiliary Equipment EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES . 13 Preliminary Tests 13 Measurement of Boundary Layer And Circulation Control Parameters 16 Wind Tunnel Tests of Airfoil Model. 19 Reduction of Experimental Results 20 V RESULTS...

  11. Shipboard measurements of the cloud-capped marine boundary layer during FIRE/ASTEX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are reported on measurements of the cloud-capped marine boundary layer during FIRE/ASTEX. A method was developed from the ASTEX dataset for measuring profiles of liquid water content, droplet size and concentration from cloud radar/microwave radiometer data in marine boundary layer clouds. Profiles were also determined from the first three moments of the Doppler spectrum measured in drizzle with the ETL cloud radar during ASTEX.

  12. Week 11 Notes, Math 8610, Tanveer 1. 2-D inviscid irrotional free boundary: Conformal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanveer, Saleh

    in the absence of a body force, but in the presence of surface tension. Note that 2-D water waves may write it as g ImZ. We now derive the kinematic boundary condition. Since the free boundary is given)] = tZ + dZ d t Hence from (1.12), we obtain the kinematic condition to be equivalent to (1.14) Re - t

  13. Design of an Instrumentation System for a Boundary Layer Transition Wing Glove Experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Thomas 1987-

    2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    of Air * Complex Conjugate CF Crossflow CFD Computational Fluid Dynamics ! Skin Friction Coefficient cgr,n Group Velocity Measured by Sensor-n CN ASHRAE Clearness Factor for Solar Radiation ! Pressure Coefficient !" Specific Heat of Air... Test Engineer Acceleration due to Gravity G-III Gulfstream G-III Business Jet !" Crossflow Similarity Variable for the Falkner-Scan-Cooke Boundary Layer !"! Value of Crossflow Similarity Variable for the Falkner-Scan-Cooke Boundary Layer...

  14. Boundary Effects on Bose-Einstein Condensation in Ultra-Static Space-Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Akant; E. Ertugrul; Y. Gul; O. T. Turgut

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The boundary effects on the Bose-Einstein condensation of an ideal Bose gas on an ultra-static space-time are studied by a Mellin-Barnes type asymptotic analysis of the harmonic sum representing the depletion coefficient. Small $\\beta m$ regime, which is the relevant regime for the relativistic gas, is studied through the heat kernel expansion for both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. The analysis is made for both charged bosons and neutral bosons.

  15. Boundary Effects on Bose-Einstein Condensation in Ultra-Static Space-Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akant, L; Gul, Y; Turgut, O T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The boundary effects on the Bose-Einstein condensation of an ideal Bose gas on an ultra-static space-time are studied by a Mellin-Barnes type asymptotic analysis of the harmonic sum representing the depletion coefficient. Small $\\beta m$ regime, which is the relevant regime for the relativistic gas, is studied through the heat kernel expansion for both Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. The analysis is made for both charged bosons and neutral bosons.

  16. Spatially Resolved Mapping of Electrical Conductivity around Individual Domain (Grain) Boundaries in Graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, An-Ping [ORNL; Clark, Kendal W [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Vlassiouk, Ivan V [ORNL; He, Guowei [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Feenstra, Randall [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene films can now be produced on the scale of up to meters. However, all large-scale graphene films contain topological defects that can significantly affect the characteristic transport behaviors of graphene. Here, we spatially map the structures and electronic transport near specific domain and grain boundaries in graphene, and evaluate effects of different types of defect on the electronic conductivity in epitaxial graphene grown on SiC and CVD graphene on Cu subsequently transferred to a SiO2 substrate. We use a combined approach with a multi-probe scanning tunneling potentiometry to investigate both structures and transport at individual grain boundaries and domain boundaries that are defined by coalesced grains, surface steps, and changes in layer thickness. It is found that the substrate step on SiC presents a significant potential barrier for electron transport of epitaxial graphene due to the reduced charge transport from the substrate at the step edges, monolayer-bilayer boundaries exhibit a high resistivity that can change depending on directions of the current across the boundary, and the resistivity of grain boundaries changes with the transition width of the disordered region between two adjacent grains in graphene. The detailed understanding of graphene defects will provide the feedback for controlled engineering of defects in large-scale graphene films.

  17. Binding of He{sub n}V clusters to ?-Fe grain boundaries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschopp, M. A., E-mail: mark.a.tschopp.civ@mail.mil [U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21005 (United States); Gao, F. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Solanki, K. N. [Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

    2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to explore the formation/binding energetics and length scales associated with the interaction between He{sub n}V clusters and grain boundaries in bcc ?-Fe. In this work, we calculated formation/binding energies for 1–8 He atoms in a monovacancy at all potential grain boundary (GB) sites within 15?Å of the ten grain boundaries selected (122106 simulations total). The present results provide detailed information about the interaction energies and length scales of 1–8 He atoms with grain boundaries for the structures examined. A number of interesting new findings emerge from the present study. First, the ?3(112) “twin” GB has significantly lower binding energies for all He{sub n}V clusters than all other boundaries in this study. For all grain boundary sites, the effect of the local environment surrounding each site on the He{sub n}V formation and binding energies decreases with an increasing number of He atoms in the He{sub n}V cluster. Based on the calculated dataset, we formulated a model to capture the evolution of the formation and binding energy of He{sub n}V clusters as a function of distance from the GB center, utilizing only constants related to the maximum binding energy and the length scale.

  18. Observation of thermally etched grain boundaries with the FIB/TEM technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palizdar, Y., E-mail: y.palizdar@merc.ac.ir [Nanotechnology and advanced materials department, Materials and energy research centre (MERC), Karaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); San Martin, D. [MATERALIA group, Department of Physical Metallurgy, (CENIM-CSIC), Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalúrgicas Av. Gregorio del Amo 8, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Ward, M.; Cochrane, R.C.; Brydson, R.; Scott, A.J. [Institute for Materials Research, SPEME, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal etching is a method which is able to reveal and characterize grain boundaries, twins or dislocation structures and determine parameters such as grain boundary energies, surface diffusivities or study phase transformations in steels, intermetallics or ceramic materials. This method relies on the preferential transfer of matter away from grain boundaries on a polished sample during heating at high temperatures in an inert/vacuum atmosphere. The evaporation/diffusion of atoms at high temperatures results in the formation of grooves at the intersections of the planes of grain/twin boundaries with the polished surface. This work describes how the combined use of Focussed Ion Beam and Transmission Electron Microscopy can be used to characterize not only the grooves and their profile with the surface, but also the grain boundary line below the groove, this method being complementary to the commonly used scanning probe techniques. - Highlights: • Thermally etched low-carbon steel samples have been characterized by FIB/TEM • Grain boundary (GB) lines below the groove have been characterized in this way • Absence of ghost traces and large ? angle suggests that GB are not stationary but mobile • Observations correlate well with previous works and Mullins' investigations [22].

  19. EART 265 Lecture Notes: Boundary Layers We're interested here mainly in boundary layers relevant to planets, i.e. those of planetary atmo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nimmo, Francis

    and the surface, thus mediating all interactions between the two. If we look back at the Navier-Stokes equations of a solid (or liquid in the case of gas ows) where diusion is non-negligible. It is characterized by strong then promotes mixing. Outside the boundary layer, uid often mixes only very slowly because turbulence

  20. General Considerations of the Electrostatic Boundary Conditions in Oxide Heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higuchi, Takuya

    2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    When the size of materials is comparable to the characteristic length scale of their physical properties, novel functionalities can emerge. For semiconductors, this is exemplified by the 'superlattice' concept of Esaki and Tsu, where the width of the repeated stacking of different semiconductors is comparable to the 'size' of the electrons, resulting in novel confined states now routinely used in opto-electronics. For metals, a good example is magnetic/non-magnetic multilayer films that are thinner than the spin-scattering length, from which giant magnetoresistance (GMR) emerged, used in the read heads of hard disk drives. For transition metal oxides, a similar research program is currently underway, broadly motivated by the vast array of physical properties that they host. This long-standing notion has been recently invigorated by the development of atomic-scale growth and probe techniques, which enables the study of complex oxide heterostructures approaching the precision idealized in Fig. 1(a). Taking the subset of oxides derived from the perovskite crystal structure, the close lattice match across many transition metal oxides presents the opportunity, in principle, to develop a 'universal' heteroepitaxial materials system. Hand-in-hand with the continual improvements in materials control, an increasingly relevant challenge is to understand the consequences of the electrostatic boundary conditions which arise in these structures. The essence of this issue can be seen in Fig. 1(b), where the charge sequence of the sublayer 'stacks' for various representative perovskites is shown in the ionic limit, in the (001) direction. To truly 'universally' incorporate different properties using different materials components, be it magnetism, ferroelectricity, superconductivity, etc., it is necessary to access and join different charge sequences, labelled here in analogy to the designations 'group IV, III-V, II-VI' for semiconductors. As we will review, interfaces between different families creates a host of electrostatic issues. They can be somewhat avoided if, as in many semiconductor heterostructures, only one family is used, with small perturbations (such as n-type or p-type doping) around them. However, for most transition metal oxides, this is greatly restrictive. For example, LaMnO{sub 3} and SrMnO{sub 3} are both insulators in part due to strong electron correlations, and only in their solid solution does 'colossal magnetoresistance' emerge in bulk. Similarly, the metallic superlattice shown in Fig. 1(c) can be considered a nanoscale deconstruction of (La,Sr)TiO{sub 3} to the insulating parent compounds. Therefore the aspiration to arbitrarily mix and match perovskite components requires a basic understanding of, and ultimately control over, these issues. In this context, here we present basic electrostatic features that arise in oxide heterostructures which vary the ionic charge stacking sequence. In close relation to the analysis of the stability of polar surfaces and semiconductor heterointerfaces, the variation of the dipole moment across a heterointerface plays a key role in determining its stability. Different self-consistent assignments of the unit cell are presented, allowing the polar discontinuity picture to be recast in terms of an equivalent local charge neutrality picture. The latter is helpful in providing a common framework with which to discuss electronic reconstructions, local-bonding considerations, crystalline defects, and lattice polarization on an equal footing, all of which are the subject of extensive current investigation.