Sample records for bou ndaries based

  1. Analysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Firstly, it provides realistic exam- ples of the human motion under study for driving the virtualAnalysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation Alexandre Bou¨enard* Marcelo This paper presents the analysis of percussion tech- nique for the simulation of virtual timpani playing sit

  2. Elie Bou-Zeid Curriculum Vitae 1 of 12 Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    ", which aims to develop a portable hybrid wind-solar renewable energy system that fits, Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Turbulence, Buoyancy Effects in Turbulent Flows, Wind Energy Swiss Federal Institute of Technology - Lausanne, Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory

  3. EPICS BASE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE  http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics 

  4. GROWTH OF THE BERGMAN KERNEL ON PLANAR REGIONS John E. McCarthy and Liming Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, John E.

    accumulating at* * some point). In [McCY] the authors found geometric conditions for kk~k to remain bou

  5. Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network Webinar: Community-Based...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network Webinar: Community-Based Sea Level Rise Projections Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network Webinar: Community-Based Sea Level Rise...

  6. Activity Based Costing

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

  7. Soy-based polyols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Suppes, Galen; Lozada, Zueica; Lubguban, Arnold

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides processes for preparing soy-based oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols, as well as urethane bioelasteromers comprising the oligomeric polyols or substituted oligomeric polyols.

  8. Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLoughlin, Padraig

    -Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based Upon Content-Centred Teaching. 1046-Centred Educational Reform 3 III Inquiry-Based Learning Pedagogy is Content 27 #12; ii Abstract Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform

  9. acoustic wave induced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    inside the drop. Brunet, P; Matar, O Bou; Zoueshtiagh, F 2010-01-01 5 Unidirectional propagation of designer surface acoustic waves CERN Preprints Summary: We propose an...

  10. Reeling in the bases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dryden, David T F

    EcoR124I is a type I DNA restriction and modification enzyme. The single-molecule magnetic tweezers technique reveals that this sophisticated molecular machine is capable of moving thousands of base pairs of DNA in ...

  11. Knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based control is defined here as the management of dynamic systems whose states admit qualitative modeling. Contributions from several disparate disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, the decision sciences, and fuzzy control...

  12. Renewing University Base Funding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewing University Base Funding The Priority Issues 29 February 2012 e conor funding to universities as an immediate goal. It has already put in place increases worth 3.5%. 2 undergraduate or postgraduate, be funded at the same rate. #12;3 Charles Darwin University Flinders University

  13. "Smart" Base Isolation Systems 1 "SMART" BASE ISOLATION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Erik A.

    - and six-degree-of-freedom models of a base-isolated building are used as a testbed in this study. Smart"Smart" Base Isolation Systems 1 "SMART" BASE ISOLATION SYSTEMS J.C. Ramallo1, E.A. Johnson2, Associate Member, ASCE, and B.F. Spencer, Jr3., Member, ASCE ABSTRACT: A "smart" base isolation strategy

  14. UCG process data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorsness, C.B.; Cena, R.J.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Process modeling in underground coal gasification (UCG) systems is a useful tool. Often, however, the experimental data necessary to test proposed models and mechanisms is not readily available. To help overcome this problem we describe in this paper a UCG Data Base we are developing to assist in making detailed data from DOE-sponsored field programs easily available. In addition, the data in the current data base are used to summarize the results of the Hoe Creek I, II, and III experiments. A statistical look at these data indicate a general lack of correlation between process variables. A simple gas compositional model is presented and is shown to be consistent with much of the available field data.

  15. Bravo Araby Navy Base Holtville

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesquite Loveland Imperial Highline Descanso Calexico Sand Hill Navy Base Holtville Glencliff Foothills

  16. Characteristics Data Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, E.D.; Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available.

  17. Base drive circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lange, A.C.

    1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved base drive circuit having a level shifter for providing bistable input signals to a pair of non-linear delays. The non-linear delays provide gate control to a corresponding pair of field effect transistors through a corresponding pair of buffer components. The non-linear delays provide delayed turn-on for each of the field effect transistors while an associated pair of transistors shunt the non-linear delays during turn-off of the associated field effect transistor. 2 figures.

  18. Base drive circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lange, Arnold C. (Livermore, CA)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved base drive circuit (10) having a level shifter (24) for providing bistable input signals to a pair of non-linear delays (30, 32). The non-linear delays (30, 32) provide gate control to a corresponding pair of field effect transistors (100, 106) through a corresponding pair of buffer components (88, 94). The non-linear delays (30, 32) provide delayed turn-on for each of the field effect transistors (100, 106) while an associated pair of transistors (72, 80) shunt the non-linear delays (30, 32) during turn-off of the associated field effect transistor (100, 106).

  19. Simulation-Based Engineering

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3 Outlook for Gulf ofMailingSimulation-Based

  20. Ground-Based Radar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heaton Armed ServicesGround-Based Microwave

  1. INTERSPECIFIC ASSOCIATIONS IN HABITAT USE BETWEEN MARBLED TEAL AND OTHER WATERBIRDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    AT SIDI BOU GHABA, MOROCCO Andy J. GREEN* 1 and Mustapha EL HAMZAOUI** SUMMARY and March, marbled teal showed a positive spatial association with gadwall Anas strepera, green-winged teal. Localidad: Sidi Bou Ghaba (34º 10 `N, 06º 39'W), una laguna endorreica en la costa atlántica del nor- oeste

  2. DVD Based Electronic Pulser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Scott J.; Pratt, Rick M.; Hughes, Michael A.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Pitts, W. K.; Robinson, Eric

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the design, construction, and testing of a digital versatile disc (DVD) based electronic pulser system (DVDEPS). Such a device is used to generate pulse streams for simulation of both gamma and neutron detector systems. The DVDEPS reproduces a random pulse stream of a full high purity germanium (HPGe) spectrum as well as a digital pulse stream representing the output of a neutron multiplicity detector. The exchangeable DVD media contains over an hour of data for both detector systems and can contain an arbitrary gamma spectrum and neutron pulse stream. The data is written to the DVD using a desktop computer program from either real or simulated spectra. The targeted use of the DVDEPS is authentication or validation of monitoring equipment for non-proliferation purposes, but it is also of general use in a variety of sitiuations. The DVD based pulser combines the storage capacity and simplicity of DVD technology with commonly available electronic components to build a relatively inexpensive yet highly capable testing instrument.

  3. Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

  4. Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

    Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

  5. Data Base Design andData Base Design and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jing

    9/30/2010 1 ITCS 3160 Data Base Design andData Base Design and Implementation Jing Yang 2010 Fall should we store in the database? ­ What are the integrity constraints or business rules that hold

  6. Anexo I: BASES REGULADORAS DE ACCIONES CONSOLIDADAS. Base 1. Solicitantes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Anexo I: BASES REGULADORAS DE ACCIONES CONSOLIDADAS. Base 1. Solicitantes Podrán acceder a las, Escuela, Instituto o, en su caso, Decano de la Facultad correspondiente. Base 2. Acciones objeto de) Acciones académicas conducentes a la impartición de Masteres Oficiales u otras titulaciones de la UA, en

  7. Agent-based Simulation Platforms Agent-based Simulation Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boone, Randall B.

    Agent-based Simulation Platforms Agent-based Simulation Platforms: Review and Development 1081 Fritz Ave. McKinleyville, CA 95519, USA Five software platforms for scientific agent-based models (ABMs) were reviewed by implementing example models in each. NetLogo is the highest-level platform

  8. Base Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett Sondreal; John Hendrikson

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In June 2009, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed 11 years of research under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Base Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy (OFE) and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). A wide range of diverse research activities were performed under annual program plans approved by NETL in seven major task areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, (6) advanced materials, and (7) strategic studies. This report summarizes results of the 67 research subtasks and an additional 50 strategic studies. Selected highlights in the executive summary illustrate the contribution of the research to the energy industry in areas not adequately addressed by the private sector alone. During the period of performance of the agreement, concerns have mounted over the impact of carbon emissions on climate change, and new programs have been initiated by DOE to ensure that fossil fuel resources along with renewable resources can continue to supply the nation's transportation fuel and electric power. The agreement has addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration while expanding the supply and use of domestic energy resources for energy security. It has further contributed to goals for near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources (e.g., wind-, biomass-, and coal-based electrical generation).

  9. Desiccant-Based Combined Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    .4 Regeneration and Parasitic Energy Optimization .........................................................22 5Desiccant-Based Combined Systems: Integrated Active Desiccant Rooftop Hybrid System Development;ORNL/SUB/01/4000010402 Desiccant-Based Combined Systems: Integrated Active Desiccant Rooftop Hybrid

  10. Model Based Control Refrigeration Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model Based Control of Refrigeration Systems Ph.D. Thesis Lars Finn Sloth Larsen Central R & D University, Denmark. The work has been carried out at the Central R&D - Refrigeration and Air Conditioning The subject for this Ph.D. thesis is model based control of refrigeration systems. Model based control covers

  11. Nanowire-based detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berggren, Karl K; Hu, Xiaolong; Masciarelli, Daniele

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems, articles, and methods are provided related to nanowire-based detectors, which can be used for light detection in, for example, single-photon detectors. In one aspect, a variety of detectors are provided, for example one including an electrically superconductive nanowire or nanowires constructed and arranged to interact with photons to produce a detectable signal. In another aspect, fabrication methods are provided, including techniques to precisely reproduce patterns in subsequently formed layers of material using a relatively small number of fabrication steps. By precisely reproducing patterns in multiple material layers, one can form electrically insulating materials and electrically conductive materials in shapes such that incoming photons are redirected toward a nearby electrically superconductive materials (e.g., electrically superconductive nanowire(s)). For example, one or more resonance structures (e.g., comprising an electrically insulating material), which can trap electromagnetic radiation within its boundaries, can be positioned proximate the nanowire(s). The resonance structure can include, at its boundaries, electrically conductive material positioned proximate the electrically superconductive nanowire such that light that would otherwise be transmitted through the sensor is redirected toward the nanowire(s) and detected. In addition, electrically conductive material can be positioned proximate the electrically superconductive nanowire (e.g. at the aperture of the resonant structure), such that light is directed by scattering from this structure into the nanowire.

  12. Carbon nanotube based electromechanical probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaglioglu, Onnik, 1976-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electromechanical probing applications continuously require smaller pitches, faster manufacturing and lower electrical resistance. Conventional techniques, such as MEMS based cantilever probes have their shortcomings in ...

  13. Lithium-based electrochromic mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson*with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed andand silver. INTRODUCTION Electrochromic devices that exhibit

  14. Laser-Based Nondestructive Testing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fixed installation NDE-based monitoring of plant facility components, and mobile robotic platforms for on-demand inspection tasks. For additional information, please contact...

  15. Plasma-based accelerator structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schroeder, Carl B.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma-based accelerators have the ability to sustain extremely large accelerating gradients, with possible high-energy physics applications. This dissertation further develops the theory of plasma-based accelerators by addressing three topics: the performance of a hollow plasma channel as an accelerating structure, the generation of ultrashort electron bunches, and the propagation of laser pulses is underdense plasmas.

  16. Communication Cement-based thermocouples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    Communication Cement-based thermocouples Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung* Composite Materials Research Received 31 May 2000; accepted 4 August 2000 Abstract A cement-based thermocouple in the form of a junction between dissimilar cement pastes and exhibiting thermocouple sensitivity 70 7 mV/°C is provided

  17. CHERNOBYL DATA BASE ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MAY 1990 THE NORDIC CHERNOBYL DATA BASE ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY MEASUREMENTS Nordic liaison CHERNOBYL DATA BASE ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY MEASUREMENTS Final Report of the NKA Project AKT 242 Edited the members of the working group. Graphic Systems AB, Malmo 1990 #12;111 ABSTRACT. The NORDIC CHERNOBYL DATA

  18. VMI vs. order based fulfillment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Victoria W

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, two inventory fulfillment methods are compared by evaluating the vendor managed inventory (VMI) fulfillment against the current order based fulfillment. Several forms of adaptation to VMI are described. The ...

  19. VAX-based ''IMAGE'' backup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, D.D.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing usage of the Applicon IMAGE systems at Bendix Kansas City Division (BKC) conflicts with the need to do daily backup of changed AGS files. This paper describes a VAX-based method for automated, unattended, off-shift backup.

  20. Chip-based droplet sorting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beer, Neil Reginald; Lee, Abraham; Hatch, Andrew

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-contact system for sorting monodisperse water-in-oil emulsion droplets in a microfluidic device based on the droplet's contents and their interaction with an applied electromagnetic field or by identification and sorting.

  1. Knowledge Acquisition from Data Bases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    Knowledge acquisition from databases is a research frontier for both data base technology and machine learning (ML) techniques,and has seen sustained research over recent years.It also acts as a link between the two ...

  2. Physically based simulation of explosions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roach, Matthew Douglas

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICALLY BASED SIMULATION OF EXPLOSIONS A Thesis by MATTHEW DOUGLAS ROACH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences PHYSICALLY BASED SIMULATION OF EXPLOSIONS A Thesis by MATTHEW DOUGLAS ROACH Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  3. Summary of LOGDEX data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, T.; Sepehrnoori, K.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A summary of LOGDEX, the digitized well log data base maintained by the Center for Energy Studies at The University of Texas at Austin is presented. These well logs were obtained from various oil companies and then converted from paper well logs to numeric information on magnetic computer tapes for input into the well log data base. This data base serves as a resource for application programs in the study of geopressured geothermal energy resources, for well logging research, and for geological research. Currently the location and scope of well log data that may be found within the LOGDEX data base are limited to wells along the Texas-Louisiana Gulf Coast that are known to have a potential as a geopressured geothermal energy resource. Additionally the location of these wells in that area is highly localized into areas that have been defined by Department of Energy researchers as having a high potential for geopressured geothermal energy. The LOGDEX data base currently contains data from more than 350 wells, representing more than 1600 logs and 16,600,000 curve feet of data. For quick reference to a given log, the summary listing has been indexed into seven divisions: well classification, location by county or parish, curve type, log type, operators, location by state, and well names. These indexes are arranged alphabetically and cross-referenced by page number.

  4. The establishment, growth, and forage production of five grass species during their first growing season on an upland postoak site in Brazos County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adcock, Willie Leroy

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    showing good growth and its erect culms on July 16, 1953 King Ranch bluestem on July 16, 1953, showing its sprawling culms and slow initial growth 31 32 32 14. Silver beardgrass on July 16, 1953. Growth compares favorably with that of RF472... and isolation strips. When plantings were made and when readings were taken of the plots, the inside plots A I' ) Replications V Poi Poi Pci Bou 4sa RF472 Asa RF472 Asa Asa 4is N Bou Poi Cheek Asa RF472 Asa Ais Cheok Pci 1. 9 ' Cheek Bou Asa RF...

  5. Laser-based coatings removal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freiwald, J.G.; Freiwald, D.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the years as building and equipment surfaces became contaminated with low levels of uranium or plutonium dust, coats of paint were applied to stabilize the contaminants in place. Most of the earlier paint used was lead-based paint. More recently, various non-lead-based paints, such as two-part epoxy, are used. For D & D (decontamination and decommissioning), it is desirable to remove the paints or other coatings rather than having to tear down and dispose of the entire building.

  6. Reliability-based casing design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maes, M.A. [Univ. of Calgary, Alberta (Canada). Civil Engineering Dept.; Gulati, K.C.; Johnson, R.C. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); McKenna, D.L. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria); Brand, P.R.; Lewis, D.B. [Mobil E and P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper describes the development of reliability-based design criteria for oil and/or gas well casing/tubing. The approach is based on the fundamental principles of limit state design. Limit states for tubulars are discussed and specific techniques for the stochastic modeling of loading and resistance variables are described. Zonation methods and calibration techniques are developed which are geared specifically to the characteristic tubular design for both hydrocarbon drilling and production applications. The application of quantitative risk analysis to the development of risk-consistent design criteria is shown to be a major and necessary step forward in achieving more economic tubular design.

  7. Physically-based demand modeling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calloway, Terry Marshall

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. AC-19, December 1974, pp. 887-893. L3] |4] LS] [6] [7] LB] C. W. Brice and S. K. Jones, MPhysically-Based Demand Modeling, d EC-77-5-01-5057, RF 3673, Electric Power Institute, Texas A&M University, October 1978.... C. W. Br ice and 5, K, Jones, MStochastically-Based Physical Load Models Topical Report, " EC-77-5-01-5057, RF 3673, Electric Power Institute, Texas A&M University, May 1979. S. K. Jones and C. W. Brice, "Point Process Models for Power System...

  8. Physically Based Rendering Intersection Acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazhdan, Michael

    Physically Based Rendering (600.657) Intersection Acceleration #12;Intersection Testing Accelerated partitions: Group objects into clusters Cluster volumes may overlap #12;Uniform (Voxel) Grid Acceleration Acceleration · Trace rays through grid cells ­ Fast ­ Incremental A B C D E F Only check primitives

  9. Graphite-based photovoltaic cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lagally, Max (Madison, WI); Liu, Feng (Salt Lake City, UT)

    2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention uses lithographically patterned graphite stacks as the basic building elements of an efficient and economical photovoltaic cell. The basic design of the graphite-based photovoltaic cells includes a plurality of spatially separated graphite stacks, each comprising a plurality of vertically stacked, semiconducting graphene sheets (carbon nanoribbons) bridging electrically conductive contacts.

  10. Towards Evidence-Based Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    Towards Evidence- Based Sustainable Communities Report on Survey of Urban Sustainability Centers 2. Template of Initial Outreach E-Mail to Research Centers 41 Appendix 3. Template of E-Mail to Research Centers Containing Link to Survey 42 Appendix 4. Sustainability Centers Survey 44 Appendix 5

  11. Tecnologia DBMS Base di Dati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Antonellis, Valeria

    INTRO 1 Tecnologia DBMS #12;INTRO 2 Base di Dati Raccolta di dati: » strutturati e permanenti -- DBMS Sistema (prodotto software) in grado di gestire basi di dati garantendo gestione della concorrenza degli accessi). Come ogni prodotto informatico, un DBMS deve essere efficiente (utilizzando al meglio le

  12. Satellite-Based Quantum Communications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McCabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

  13. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Evaluating Military Bases and Fleet Readiness for Electric Vehicles The Vehicle...

  14. Model-based tomographic reconstruction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chambers, David H.; Lehman, Sean K.; Goodman, Dennis M.

    2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A model-based approach to estimating wall positions for a building is developed and tested using simulated data. It borrows two techniques from geophysical inversion problems, layer stripping and stacking, and combines them with a model-based estimation algorithm that minimizes the mean-square error between the predicted signal and the data. The technique is designed to process multiple looks from an ultra wideband radar array. The processed signal is time-gated and each section processed to detect the presence of a wall and estimate its position, thickness, and material parameters. The floor plan of a building is determined by moving the array around the outside of the building. In this paper we describe how the stacking and layer stripping algorithms are combined and show the results from a simple numerical example of three parallel walls.

  15. Data base on animal mortality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, T.D.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A data base on animal mortality has been compiled. The literature on LD/sub 50/ and the dose-response function for radiation-induced lethality, reflect several inconsistencies - primarily due to dose assignments and to analytical methods and/or mathematical models used. Thus, in order to make the individual experiments which were included in the data base as consistent as possible, an estimate of the uniform dose received by the bone marrow in each treatment group was made so that the interspecies differences are minimized. The LD/sub 50/ was recalculated using a single estimation procedure for all studies for which sufficient experimental data are available. For small animals such as mice, the dose to the hematopoietic system is approximately equal to the treatment dose, but for large animals the marrow dose may be about half of the treatment dose.

  16. Microprocessor–based monochromator controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalle-Molle, Richard; Defreese, James D.

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microprocessor-based monochromator controller Richard Dalle-Molle and James D. Defreese* University of Kansas, Department of Chemistry, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA. Introduction The modular nature of the EU-700 series spectrometers (GCA... put under the control of another computer. The microprocessor was chosen in preference to other types of "hardware" controllers for a number of reasons; it is easier to implement, easier to modify the design and it is more adaptable to changing...

  17. Tropical bases by regular projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hept, Kerstin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the tropical variety $\\mathcal{T}(I)$ of a prime ideal $I$ generated by the polynomials $f_1, ..., f_r$ and revisit the regular projection technique introduced by Bieri and Groves from a computational point of view. In particular, we show that $I$ has a short tropical basis of cardinality at most $r + \\codim I + 1$ at the price of increased degrees, and we provide a computational description of these bases.

  18. Management/ R. Benjamin Data Base Systems Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Shneiderman State University of New York at Stony Brook In certain data base organization schemes the cost per in the maintenance of large data bases. As additions and deletions are made to a data base, the search cost the average search cost; and (4) (the most pressing problem) in large on- line data bases using sophisticated

  19. Thermoreflectance based thermal microscope James Christoffersona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    crystal based thermography, which re- quires potentially destructive surface preparation. The high- est

  20. Embrittlement data base, version 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.A.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aging and degradation of light-water-reactor (LWR) pressure vessels is of particular concern because of their relevance to plant integrity and the magnitude of the expected irradiation embrittlement. The radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) materials depends on many different factors such as flux, fluence, fluence spectrum, irradiation temperature, and preirradiation material history and chemical compositions. These factors must be considered to reliably predict pressure vessel embrittlement and to ensure the safe operation of the reactor. Based on embrittlement predictions, decisions must be made concerning operating parameters and issues such as low-leakage-fuel management, possible life extension, and the need for annealing the pressure vessel. Large amounts of data from surveillance capsules and test reactor experiments, comprising many different materials and different irradiation conditions, are needed to develop generally applicable damage prediction models that can be used for industry standards and regulatory guides. Version 1 of the Embrittlement Data Base (EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data resulting from merging version 2 of the Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB). Fracture toughness data were also integrated into Version 1 of the EDB. For power reactor data, the current EDB lists the 1,029 Charpy transition-temperature shift data points, which include 321 from plates, 125 from forgoings, 115 from correlation monitor materials, 246 from welds, and 222 from heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials that were irradiated in 271 capsules from 101 commercial power reactors. For test reactor data, information is available for 1,308 different irradiated sets (352 from plates, 186 from forgoings, 303 from correlation monitor materials, 396 from welds and 71 from HAZs) and 268 different irradiated plus annealed data sets.

  1. Role-Based Access Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraiolo, David F

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While Mandatory Access Controls (MAC) are appropriate for multilevel secure military applications, Discretionary Access Controls (DAC) are often perceived as meeting the security processing needs of industry and civilian government. This paper argues that reliance on DAC as the principal method of access control is unfounded and inappropriate for many commercial and civilian government organizations. The paper describes a type of non-discretionary access control - role-based access control (RBAC) - that is more central to the secure processing needs of non-military systems then DAC.

  2. Porphyrin-based Photocatalytic Nanolithography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bearinger, J P; Stone, G; Dugan, L C; Dasher, B E; Stockton, C; Conway, J W; Kuenzler, T; Hubbell, J A

    2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoarray fabrication is a multidisciplinary endeavor encompassing materials science, chemical engineering and biology. We form nanoarrays via a new technique, porphyrin-based photocatalytic nanolithography (PCNL). The nanoarrays, with controlled features as small as 200 nm, exhibit regularly ordered patterns and may be appropriate for (a) rapid and parallel proteomic screening of immobilized biomolecules, (b) protein-protein interactions and/or (c) biophysical and molecular biology studies involving spatially dictated ligand placement. We demonstrate protein immobilization utilizing nanoarrays fabricated via PCNL on silicon substrates, where the immobilized proteins are surrounded by a non-fouling polymer background.

  3. Sociolect-Based Community Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, William N.; Salter, William J.; Farber, Robert M.; Corley, Courtney D.; Dowling, Chase P.; Beeman, William O.; Smith-Lovin, Lynn; Choi, Joon Nak

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    "Sociolects" are specialized vocabularies used by social subgroups defined by common interests or origins. We applied methods to retrieve large quantities of Twitter data based on expert-identified sociolects and then applied and developed network-analysis methods to relate sociolect use to network (sub-) structure. We show that novel methods including consideration of node populations, as well as edge counts, provide substantially enhanced performance compared to standard assortativity. We explain these methods, show their utility in analyzing large corpora of social media data, and discuss their further extensions and potential applications.

  4. Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdfTechnologiesNATIONAL003Not MeasurementDeepGeographically Based

  5. Polyimide-based electrooptic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cahill, P.A.; Seager, C.H.; Meinhardt, M.B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beuhler, A.J.; Wargowski, D.A. [Amoco Chemical Co., Naperville, IL (United States); Singer, K.D.; Kowalczyk, T.C.; Kosc, T.Z. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of new, high temperature optical materials based on dye-doped Ultradel{reg_sign} 9000D{sup 1} polyimides are presented. Ultradel 9000D is a soluble, pre-imidized, fluorinated polymer with properties optimized for integrated optical applications. When thermally or photochemically cross-linked, it has a Tg approaching 400{degree}C and retains excellent optical transparency as measured by both waveguide loss spectroscopy (WLS) and photothermal deflection spectroscopy (PDS). The agreement between WLS and PDS data indicates that losses in polyimides are due to absorption, not scattering. Two thermally stable, donor-acceptor oxazole-based dyes were designed, synthesized, and doped into the polyimide at concentrations up to 25 percent by weight. The Tg of the doped polymers decreased from the neat polymer, but remained above 300 {degree}C. The effects of doping on the dielectric constant, refractive index, and coefficient of thermal expansion of the polyamide are presented. The oxazoles also photobleach and thereby provide an additional means of photodefining waveguides in these materials.

  6. Host Event Based Network Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jonathan Chugg

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of INL’s research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

  7. Papers Based Electrochemical Biosensors: From Test Strips to...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Papers Based Electrochemical Biosensors: From Test Strips to Paper-Based Microfluidics. Papers Based Electrochemical Biosensors: From Test Strips to Paper-Based Microfluidics....

  8. Service Restorability inService Restorability in DegreeDegree--Based WavelengthBased Wavelength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Dale R.

    Based Topology Models Random Regular Well-known Structural/Hierarchical Degree-based/Power law #12;Flat Random the structure of the Internet #12;DegreeDegree--Based/Power Law ModelBased/Power Law Model Faloutsos et al. 1999 Previous network topology generator models were structural, but real-world networks follow degree- based

  9. Feature-based Analysis of Plasma-based Particle Acceleration Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feature-based Analysis of Plasma-based Particle Acceleration Data Oliver Rübel 1 , Cameron G;1 Feature-based Analysis of Plasma-based Particle Acceleration Data Oliver R¨ubel, Cameron G.R. Geddes, Min Chen, Estelle Cormier-Michel, and E. Wes Bethel Abstract Plasma-based particle accelerators can produce

  10. Formula-Based Probabilistic Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gogate, Vibhav

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computing the probability of a formula given the probabilities or weights associated with other formulas is a natural extension of logical inference to the probabilistic setting. Surprisingly, this problem has received little attention in the literature to date, particularly considering that it includes many standard inference problems as special cases. In this paper, we propose two algorithms for this problem: formula decomposition and conditioning, which is an exact method, and formula importance sampling, which is an approximate method. The latter is, to our knowledge, the first application of model counting to approximate probabilistic inference. Unlike conventional variable-based algorithms, our algorithms work in the dual realm of logical formulas. Theoretically, we show that our algorithms can greatly improve efficiency by exploiting the structural information in the formulas. Empirically, we show that they are indeed quite powerful, often achieving substantial performance gains over state-of-the-art s...

  11. DISPLACEMENT BASED SEISMIC DESIGN CRITERIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOFMAYER,C.H.

    1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The USNRC has initiated a project to determine if any of the likely revisions to traditional earthquake engineering practice are relevant to seismic design of the specialized structures, systems and components of nuclear power plants and of such significance to suggest that a change in design practice might be warranted. As part of the initial phase of this study, a literature survey was conducted on the recent changes in seismic design codes/standards, on-going activities of code-writing organizations/communities, and published documents on displacement-based design methods. This paper provides a summary of recent changes in building codes and on-going activities for future codes. It also discusses some technical issues for further consideration.

  12. Energy data base: subject thesaurus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redford, J.S. (ed.)

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical staff of the DOE Technical Information Center, during its subject indexing activities, develops and structures a vocabulary that allows consistent machine storage and retrieval of information necessary to the accomplishment of the DOE mission. This thesaurus incorporates that structured vocabulary. The terminology of this thesaurus is used for the subject control of information announced in DOE Energy Research Abstracts, Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis, and various update journals and bulletins in specialized areas. This terminology also facilitates subject searching of the DOE Energy Data Base on the DOE/RECON on-line retrieval system and on other commercial retrieval systems. The rapid expansion of the DOE's activities will result in a commitant thesaurus expansion as information relating to new activities is indexed. Only the terms used in the indexing of documents at the Technical Information Center to date are included. (JSR)

  13. 2iron-based superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bossoni, L [University of Pavia-CNISM; Romano, L [University of Parma, Parco Area dell Scienze; Canfield, Paul C [Ames Laboratory; Lascialfari, A [Universita degli Studi di Milano

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We measured the static uniform spin susceptibility of Ba(Fe1?xRhx)2As2 iron-based superconductors, over a broad range of doping (0.041x0.094) and magnetic fields. At small fields (H1kOe) we observed, above the transition temperature Tc, the occurrence of precursor diamagnetism, which is not ascribable to the Ginzburg–Landau theory. On the contrary, our data agree with a phase fluctuation model, which has been used to interpret a similar phenomenology occurring in the high- Tc cuprate superconductors. Additionally, in the presence of strong fields, the unconventional fluctuating diamagnetism is suppressed, whereas Ginzburg–Landau fluctuations are found, in agreement with literature.

  14. Conductive polymer-based material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Koren, Amy B. (Lansing, MI); Dourado, Sunil K. (Ann Arbor, MI); Dulebohn, Joel I. (Lansing, MI); Hanchar, Robert J. (Charlotte, MI)

    2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are polymer-based coatings and materials comprising (i) a polymeric composition including a polymer having side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, at least two of the side chains being substituted with a heteroatom selected from oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof; and (ii) a plurality of metal species distributed within the polymer. At least a portion of the heteroatoms may form part of a chelation complex with some or all of the metal species. In many embodiments, the metal species are present in a sufficient concentration to provide a conductive material, e.g., as a conductive coating on a substrate. The conductive materials may be useful as the thin film conducting or semi-conducting layers in organic electronic devices such as organic electroluminescent devices and organic thin film transistors.

  15. Alumina forming iron base superalloy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Yukinori; Muralidharan, Govindarajan; Brady, Michael P.

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An austenitic stainless steel alloy, consists essentially of, in weight percent 2.5 to 4 Al; 25 to 35 Ni; 12 to 19 Cr; at least 1, up to 4 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; 0.5 to 3 Ti; less than 0.5 V; 0.1 to 1 of at least on element selected from the group consisting of Zr and Hf; 0.03 to 0.2 C; 0.005 to 0.1 B; and base Fe. The weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni. The alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, and contains coherent precipitates of .gamma.'-Ni.sub.3Al, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure. The austenitic matrix is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.

  16. Polyphosphazine-based polymer materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fox, Robert V.; Avci, Recep; Groenewold, Gary S.

    2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of removing contaminant matter from porous materials include applying a polymer material to a contaminated surface, irradiating the contaminated surface to cause redistribution of contaminant matter, and removing at least a portion of the polymer material from the surface. Systems for decontaminating a contaminated structure comprising porous material include a radiation device configured to emit electromagnetic radiation toward a surface of a structure, and at least one spray device configured to apply a capture material onto the surface of the structure. Polymer materials that can be used in such methods and systems include polyphosphazine-based polymer materials having polyphosphazine backbone segments and side chain groups that include selected functional groups. The selected functional groups may include iminos, oximes, carboxylates, sulfonates, .beta.-diketones, phosphine sulfides, phosphates, phosphites, phosphonates, phosphinates, phosphine oxides, monothio phosphinic acids, and dithio phosphinic acids.

  17. An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

  18. Activity based interfaces in online social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraqui, Jawad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the project is to explore how activity-based interfaces can create more meaningful experiences for the users and builders of online social networking sites. Medina, a social-networking site based on the idea ...

  19. SEE Action Webinar – Community Based Social Marketing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar will describe community-based social marketing as a behavior-based approach for developing energy-efficiency programs.   The webinar will begin with an overview of the five steps...

  20. Sheathless Size-Based Acoustic Particle Separation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guldiken, Rasim

    Particle separation is of great interest in many biological and biomedical applications. Flow-based methods have been used to sort particles and cells. However, the main challenge with flow based particle separation systems ...

  1. Transformation Based Interpolation with Generalized Representative Values 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Zhiheng; Shen, Qiang

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuzzy interpolation offers the potential to model problems with sparse rule bases, as opposed to dense rule bases deployed in traditional fuzzy systems. It thus supports the simplification of complex fuzzy models and ...

  2. Optimal Model-Based Production Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for Refinery Operation Abdulrahman Alattas Advisor Steam distillation column Conclusion #12;3 Introduction Refinery production planning models Optimizing refinery operation Crude selection Maximizing profit; minimizing cost LP-based, linear process unit

  3. MEMS BASED DOPPLER VELOCITY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    .2 Doppler Effect...................................................................................10 2MEMS BASED DOPPLER VELOCITY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM A dissertation submitted by Minchul Shin IN PARTIAL micromachined ultrasonic transducer (cMUT) based in-air Doppler velocity measurement system using a 1 cm2 planar

  4. Community-Based Social Marketing (Presentation)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Webinar, Community-Based Social Marketing, presented at the DOE Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers on Jan. 11, 2011.

  5. Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in Voltammetric Analysis. Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in...

  6. Team Based Learning (TBL) Scott Bryant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Team Based Learning (TBL) Bill Brown Scott Bryant Susan Dana MSU College of Business #12;Agenda · Overview of Team Based Learning (TBL) · RATs! · Team Learning Exercises · Graded Work Product · Challenges with TBL · Q & A #12;Overview of Team Based Learning · Comprehensive teaching strategy to enable active

  7. The Hierarchical Case-Based Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahid Karchenasse; Jean-michel Roger; Francis Sevila

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we propose a methodology to aid machine diagnosis based on the Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) techniques, called Hierarchical Case-Based Diagnosis (HCBD). Our method is a resample of the interpretative CBR which tries to interpret a new situation using interpretations of old situations

  8. RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION Richard Hardin1 , K.K. Choi1 , and Christoph 52242-1527 Keywords: Casting Process Design, Optimization, Reliability-Based Design Optimization purpose reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) software tool previously developed at the University

  9. Silicon-based nanoenergetic composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asay, Blaine [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Son, Steven [PURDUE UNIV; Mason, Aaron [PURDUE UNIV; Yarrington, Cole [PURDUE UNIV; Cho, K Y [PURDUE UNIV; Gesner, J [PSU; Yetter, R A [PSU

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fundamental combustion properties of silicon-based nano-energetic composites was studied by performing equilibrium calculations, 'flame tests', and instrumented burn-tube tests. That the nominal maximum flame temperature and for many Si-oxidizer systems is about 3000 K, with exceptions. Some of these exceptions are Si-metal oxides with temperatures ranging from 2282 to 2978 K. Theoretical maximum gas production of the Si composites ranged from 350-6500 cm{sup 3}/g of reactant with NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4} - Si producing the most gas at 6500 cm{sup 3}/g and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} producing the least. Of the composites tested NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4} - Si showed the fastest burning rates with the fastest at 2.1 km/s. The Si metal oxide burning rates where on the order of 0.03-75 mls the slowest of which was nFe{sub 2}O{sub 3} - Si.

  10. adjacent mismatch base: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    base non-base non-base base 2. 1 c 2014 Information Tanaka, Jiro 414 Wrapper-Based Evolution of Legacy Information Systems Computer Technologies and Information Sciences...

  11. Energy-Based 6-DOF Penetration Depth Computation for Penalty-Based Haptic Rendering Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zefran, Milo?

    Energy-Based 6-DOF Penetration Depth Computation for Penalty-Based Haptic Rendering Algorithms Maxim Kolesnikov and Milos Zefran Abstract-- Existing penalty-based haptic rendering ap- proaches of rigid-body motions SE(3). We propose a penalty-based six-degrees-of-freedom (6-DOF) haptic rendering

  12. Workload-Based Configuration of MEMS-Based Storage Devices for Mobile Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ethan L.

    Data layout, MEMS, Probe-Based Storage 1. INTRODUCTION Users of battery-powered mobile systems requireWorkload-Based Configuration of MEMS-Based Storage Devices for Mobile Systems Mohammed G. Khatib.h.hartel@utwente.nl ABSTRACT Because of its small form factor, high capacity, and expected low cost, MEMS-based storage

  13. Agent-based health care management An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascardi, Viviana

    Agent-based health care management 1 An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management Jun Huang1, London WC2A 3PX, UK. Abbreviated title: Agent-based health care management Complete Mailing Address. London E1 4NS UK #12;Agent-based health care management 2 Abstract The provision of medical care

  14. Characteristics Data Base: Programmer's guide to the High-Level Waste Data Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, K.E. (DataPhile, Inc., Knoxville, TN (USA)); Salmon, R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The High-Level Waste Data Base is a menu-driven PC data base developed as part of OCRWM's technical data base on the characteristics of potential repository wastes, which also includes spent fuel and other materials. This programmer's guide completes the documentation for the High-Level Waste Data Base, the user's guide having been published previously. 3 figs.

  15. Building a Phrase-Based SMT System Building a Phrase-based SMT System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duh, Kevin

    1 Building a Phrase-Based SMT System Building a Phrase-based SMT System Graham Neubig & Kevin Duh Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) 5/10/2012 #12;2 Building a Phrase-Based SMT System Phrase-based Statistical Machine Translation (SMT) Divide sentence into patterns, reorder, combine Today

  16. Method for rapid base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two base labeling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jett, J.H.; Keller, R.A.; Martin, J.C.; Posner, R.G.; Marrone, B.L.; Hammond, M.L.; Simpson, D.J.

    1995-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for rapid-base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two-base labeling and employing fluorescent detection of single molecules at two wavelengths. Bases modified to accept fluorescent labels are used to replicate a single DNA or RNA strand to be sequenced. The bases are then sequentially cleaved from the replicated strand, excited with a chosen spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, and the fluorescence from individual, tagged bases detected in the order of cleavage from the strand. 4 figures.

  17. Stationary phase deposition based on onium salts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Lewis, Patrick R. (Albuquerque, NM); Dirk, Shawn M. (Albuquerque, NM); Trudell, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Onium salt chemistry can be used to deposit very uniform thickness stationary phases on the wall of a gas chromatography column. In particular, the stationary phase can be bonded to non-silicon based columns, especially microfabricated metal columns. Non-silicon microfabricated columns may be manufactured and processed at a fraction of the cost of silicon-based columns. In addition, the method can be used to phase-coat conventional capillary columns or silicon-based microfabricated columns.

  18. Kitaev models based on unitary quantum groupoids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Liang, E-mail: liangchang@math.tamu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3368 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3368 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish a generalization of Kitaev models based on unitary quantum groupoids. In particular, when inputting a Kitaev-Kong quantum groupoid H{sub C}, we show that the ground state manifold of the generalized model is canonically isomorphic to that of the Levin-Wen model based on a unitary fusion category C. Therefore, the generalized Kitaev models provide realizations of the target space of the Turaev-Viro topological quantum field theory based on C.

  19. Use of Risk-Based End States

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The policy addresses conducting cleanup that is aimed at, and achieves, clearly defined, risk-based end states. Canceled by DOE N 251.106.

  20. Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rollout Scenario Analysis Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout Scenario Analysis Presentation by Margo Melendez at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for...

  1. Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Analysis...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Analysis Presentation by NREL's Margo Melendez at the 2010 - 2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles...

  2. Develop a Web-Based Information System

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Develop a Web-Based Information System Sam Jody Energy Systems Division DOE Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review February 27, 2008 "This presentation does not contain...

  3. 2004 Power Marketing Plan - Base Resource Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Terminates the existing contract amendments that provide for a customer's right to purchase power from Western after 2004. Execution of the Base Resource contract sustains a...

  4. Method for sequencing DNA base pairs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sessler, Andrew M. (Oakland, CA); Dawson, John (Pacific Palisades, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The base pairs of a DNA structure are sequenced with the use of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The DNA structure is scanned by the STM probe tip, and, as it is being scanned, the DNA structure is separately subjected to a sequence of infrared radiation from four different sources, each source being selected to preferentially excite one of the four different bases in the DNA structure. Each particular base being scanned is subjected to such sequence of infrared radiation from the four different sources as that particular base is being scanned. The DNA structure as a whole is separately imaged for each subjection thereof to radiation from one only of each source.

  5. Carbon-based Materials for Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Lynn Margaret

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Microporous Carbon for Supercapacitors Prepared by thein their application to supercapacitors 27,28 . The main2 High-Performance Supercapacitors Based on Hierarchically

  6. Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering project and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

  7. Time irreversible copula-based Markov Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beare, Brendan K.; Seo, Juwon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    retail gasoline markets exhibit prominent Edgeworth priceaverage retail price across a sample of gasoline stations inprice cycles, cost-based pricing and sticky pricing in retail gasoline

  8. FAQS Reference Guide – General Technical Base

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  9. LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroeder, C. B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

  10. Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation for Hydrogen Transition Analysis...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation for Hydrogen Transition Analysis Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation for Hydrogen Transition Analysis Presentation on Agent-Based Modeling and...

  11. Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Photo showing climate zone maps based on the IECC...

  12. Characteristics of Graphitic Films for Carbon Based Magnetism and Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Jeongmin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for theBased Magnetism and Electronics A Dissertation submitted inBased Magnetism and Electronics by Jeongmin Hong Doctor of

  13. Distributed energy resources at naval base ventura county building 1512

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resources at Naval Base Ventura Country Building 1512 7.August 2001. “Naval Base Ventura County Standby GeneratorEnergy Resources at Naval Base Ventura Country Building 1512

  14. PER-Based Reform at a Multicultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard N.

    PER-Based Reform at a Multicultural Institution Some Lessons from Physics Education Research that the most suc- cessful reform strategies require significant interactions among students, and between students and instructor. It is therefore reasonable to wonder about the extent to which PER-based reform

  15. Using Web-Based Technology in Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Using Web-Based Technology in Laboratory Instruction to Reduce Costs RITA M. POWELL,1 HELEN curriculum while reducing their costs through the application of web-based teaching tools. The project.interscience. wiley.com.); DOI 10.1002/cae.10029 Keywords: engineering education; laboratory materials; World Wide Web

  16. LIRMM UM II Component based Software Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 LIRMM UM II Component based Software Architecture of Robot Controllers R. Passama, D. Andreu, C component approaches and robot control architectures. This methodology defines a process that guides architecture, useful for analysis and integration, and a dedicated component-based language, focusing

  17. Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves, Paulo

    Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws Anestis Antoniadis Laboratoire IMAG to implement. This article describes a fast, wavelet-based, regression-type method for estimating the parameters of a stable distribution. Fourier domain representations, combined with a wavelet multiresolution

  18. Template-based Reconstruction of Complex Refactorings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Miryung

    Template-based Reconstruction of Complex Refactorings Kyle Prete, Napol Rachatasumrit, Nikita Sudan occurred be- tween two program versions can help programmers better understand code changes. Our survey using a template- based refactoring reconstruction approach--REF-FINDER ex- presses each refactoring

  19. Optimal Model-Based Production Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for Refinery Operation Abdulrahman Alattas Advisor Distillation Column FI Model Conclusion #12;3 Introduction Refinery production planning models Optimizing refinery operation Crude selection Maximizing profit; minimizing cost LP-based, linear process unit

  20. Bimetallic Cathode Materials for Lithium Based Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bimetallic Cathode Materials for Lithium Based Batteries Frontiers in Materials Science Seminar / Chemistryg g g g g y University at Buffalo ­ The State University of New York (SUNY) Abstract Batteries for implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) are based on the Lithium/Silver vanadium oxide (SVO, Ag2V4O11

  1. Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    Page 1 Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook Department of Computer Sciences University of Texas at Austin Abstract This paper discusses policy-based authorization, an effective intermediate point between MAC and DAC that promises to combine the best features of both models. Policy

  2. Universal power transistor base drive control unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gale, A.R.; Gritter, D.J.

    1988-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A saturation condition regulator system for a power transistor is disclosed which achieves the regulation objectives of a Baker clamp but without dumping excess base drive current into the transistor output circuit. The base drive current of the transistor is sensed and used through an active feedback circuit to produce an error signal which modulates the base drive current through a linearly operating FET. The collector base voltage of the power transistor is independently monitored to develop a second error signal which is also used to regulate base drive current. The current-sensitive circuit operates as a limiter. In addition, a fail-safe timing circuit is disclosed which automatically resets to a turn OFF condition in the event the transistor does not turn ON within a predetermined time after the input signal transition. 2 figs.

  3. Universal power transistor base drive control unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gale, Allan R. (Allen Park, MI); Gritter, David J. (Racine, WI)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A saturation condition regulator system for a power transistor which achieves the regulation objectives of a Baker clamp but without dumping excess base drive current into the transistor output circuit. The base drive current of the transistor is sensed and used through an active feedback circuit to produce an error signal which modulates the base drive current through a linearly operating FET. The collector base voltage of the power transistor is independently monitored to develop a second error signal which is also used to regulate base drive current. The current-sensitive circuit operates as a limiter. In addition, a fail-safe timing circuit is disclosed which automatically resets to a turn OFF condition in the event the transistor does not turn ON within a predetermined time after the input signal transition.

  4. Dielectrophoresis-Based Discrimination of Bacteria at the Strain Level Based on Their Surface Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willner, Dana

    Insulator-based dielectrophoresis can be used to manipulate biological particles, but has thus far found limited practical applications due to low sensitivity. We present linear sweep three-dimensional insulator-based ...

  5. Feature-based Analysis of Plasma-based Particle Acceleration Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruebel, Oliver

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Plasma-based particle accelerators can produce andconventional particle accelerators, providing a potentialcost of conventional particle accelerators. To facilitate

  6. TILTED LAYER-BASED MODELING FOR ENHANCED LIGHT-FIELD PROCESSING AND IMAGE BASED RENDERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dragotti, Pier Luigi

    TILTED LAYER-BASED MODELING FOR ENHANCED LIGHT-FIELD PROCESSING AND IMAGE BASED RENDERING James, UK {j.pearson09, marcovs, mike.brookes, p.dragotti}@imperial.ac.uk ABSTRACT Image based rendering- torealistic results. However for successful rendering, geometric pri- ors about the structure of the scene

  7. Rafael Molina Bases del filtro de Kalman 1 Bases del filtro de Kalman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    Rafael Molina Bases del filtro de Kalman 1 Bases del filtro de Kalman Rafael Molina Soriano Depto Ciencias de la Computación e IA Universidad de Granada #12;Rafael Molina Bases del filtro de Kalman 2 Contenidos ! Introducción. ! El filtro de Kalman " Modelo del sistema " Modelo de medida " Formulación de la

  8. Deriving Event-Based Document Transformers from Tree-Based Speci cations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deriving Event-Based Document Transformers from Tree-Based Speci#12;cations #3; Keisuke NAKANO,nisimurag@kurims.kyoto-u.ac.jp Abstract The document transformation technology is getting signi#12;cant, as the increasing amount of data are stored and exchanged in structured document formats. The conventional tree- based transformers have

  9. SHM BASED SYSTEM DESIGN OFA WIND TURBINE TOWER USING A MODAL SENSITIVITY BASED BAYES DETECTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SHM BASED SYSTEM DESIGN OFA WIND TURBINE TOWER USING A MODAL SENSITIVITY BASED BAYES DETECTOR Mads@ramboll.com ABSTRACT It is investigated if material based structural safety can be replaced with safety obtained from of the NREL 5MW wind turbine tower subjected to bending fatigue and horizontal circumferential cracking

  10. WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Herbie

    WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN 9.3--1 Payroll/Personnel System Web-Based PAN January 2010, University of California, Santa Cruz PPS User Manual Post Authorization Notification Functions (Web PAN) Note: This section covers web PAN features, but not general background or information about PAN. For detailed

  11. Gate-teleportation-based blind quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mear M. R. Koochakie

    2014-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Blind quantum computation (BQC) is a model in which a computation is performed on a server by a client such that the server is kept blind about the input, the algorithm, and the output of the computation. Here we layout a general framework for BQC which, unlike the previous BQC models, does not constructed on specific computational model. A main ingredient of our construction is gate teleportation. We demonstrate that our framework can be straightforwardly implemented on circuit-based models as well as measurement-based models of quantum computation. We illustrate our construction by showing that universal BQC is possible on correlation-space measurement-based quantum computation models.

  12. Cathodes for ceria-based fuel cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doshi, R.; Krumpelt, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ricvhards, V.L. [Tri-State Univ., Angola, IN (United States). Dept. of Mech. & Aerospace Engr.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Work is underway to develop a solid oxide fuel cell that has a ceria-based electrolyte and operates at lower temperatures (500-600{degrees}C) than conventional zirconia-based cells. At present the performance of this ceria-based solid oxide fuel cell is limited by the polarization of conventional cathode materials. The performance of alternative cathodes was measured by impedance spectroscopy and dc polarization. The performance was found to improve by using a thin dense interface layer and by using two-phase cathodes with an electrolyte and an electronic phase. The cathode performance was also found to increase with increasing ionic conductivity for single phase cathodes.

  13. Enhanced oil recovery projects data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pautz, J.F.; Sellers, C.A.; Nautiyal, C.; Allison, E.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive enhanced oil recovery (EOR) project data base is maintained and updated at the Bartlesville Project Office of the Department of Energy. This data base provides an information resource that is used to analyze the advancement and application of EOR technology. The data base has extensive information on 1,388 EOR projects in 569 different oil fields from 1949 until the present, and over 90% of that information is contained in tables and graphs of this report. The projects are presented by EOR process, and an index by location is provided.

  14. Niobate-based octahedral molecular sieves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nenoff, Tina M.; Nyman, May D.

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Niobate-based octahedral molecular sieves having significant activity for multivalent cations and a method for synthesizing such sieves are disclosed. The sieves have a net negatively charged octahedral framework, comprising niobium, oxygen, and octahedrally coordinated lower valence transition metals. The framework can be charge balanced by the occluded alkali cation from the synthesis method. The alkali cation can be exchanged for other contaminant metal ions. The ion-exchanged niobate-based octahedral molecular sieve can be backexchanged in acidic solutions to yield a solution concentrated in the contaminant metal. Alternatively, the ion-exchanged niobate-based octahedral molecular sieve can be thermally converted to a durable perovskite phase waste form.

  15. Niobate-based octahedral molecular sieves

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nenoff, Tina M.; Nyman, May D.

    2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Niobate-based octahedral molecular sieves having significant activity for multivalent cations and a method for synthesizing such sieves are disclosed. The sieves have a net negatively charged octahedral framework, comprising niobium, oxygen, and octahedrally coordinated lower valence transition metals. The framework can be charge balanced by the occluded alkali cation from the synthesis method. The alkali cation can be exchanged for other contaminant metal ions. The ion-exchanged niobate-based octahedral molecular sieve can be backexchanged in acidic solutions to yield a solution concentrated in the contaminant metal. Alternatively, the ion-exchanged niobate-based octahedral molecular sieve can be thermally converted to a durable perovskite phase waste form.

  16. Phosphorylation based insulation devices design and implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera Ortiz, Phillip M. (Phillip Michael)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the analysis of a phosphorylation based insulation device implemented in Saccharomyces cerevisae and the minimization of the retroactivity to the input and retroactivity to the output of a single cycle ...

  17. Web-Based ESAF System FAQs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Documentation of the Web-Based ESAF System. What is new in the Web ESAF process? (662012) Do all Beamlines use the APS web system? How does the process work? How do I submit a...

  18. MMV: Metamodeling Based Microprocessor Validation Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    MMV: Metamodeling Based Microprocessor Validation Environment Ajit Dingankar, Deepak A. Mathaikutty- tionality, recent generations of microprocessors face difficult validation challenges. The systematic to production RTL, which is likely to remain the dominant design methodology of complex microprocessors

  19. Outstanding performance of activated graphene based supercapacitors...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Outstanding performance of activated graphene based supercapacitors in ionic liquid electrolyte from 50 to 80 1C Wan-Yu Tsai a , Rongying Lin a , Shanthi Murali c , Li Li Zhang c...

  20. Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutil, Rade

    Wavelet Domain Based Techniques for Video Coding Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades an der . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.4.3 Error Resilience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3 Wavelet Transform 18 3.1 Wavelet Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.1.1 Fourier Transform (FT

  1. Polymer-based electrocaloric cooling devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qiming; Lu, Sheng-Guo; Li, Xinyu; Gorny, Lee; Cheng, Jiping; Neese, Bret P; Chu, Baojin

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooling devices (i.e., refrigerators or heat pumps) based on polymers which exhibit a temperature change upon application or removal of an electrical field or voltage, (e.g., fluoropolymers or crosslinked fluoropolymers that exhibit electrocaloric effect).

  2. Graphene-Based Optical Biosensors and Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Zhiwen; He, Shijiang; Pei, Hao; Du, Dan; Fan, Chunhai; Lin, Yuehe

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter focuses on the design, fabrication and application of graphene based optical nanobiosensors. The emerging graphene based optical nanobiosensors demonstrated the promising bioassay and biomedical applications thanking to the unique optical features of graphene. According to the different applications, the graphene can be tailored to form either fluorescent emitter or efficient fluorescence quencher. The exceptional electronic feature of graphene makes it a powerful platform for fabricating the SPR and SERS biosensors. Today the graphene based optical biosensors have been constructed to detect various targets including ions, small biomolecules, DNA/RNA and proteins. This chapter reviews the recent progress in graphene-based optical biosensors and discusses the opportunities and challenges in this field.

  3. Catheter based magnetic resonance compatible perfusion probe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toretta, Cara Lynne

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neurosurgeons are using a thermal based technique to quantify brain perfusion. The thermal diffusion probe (TDP) technology measures perfusion in a relatively small volume of brain tissue. The neurosurgeon chooses the ...

  4. Fast Adaptive Silhouette Area based Template Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Fast Adaptive Silhouette Area based Template Matching Daniel Mohr and Gabriel Zachmann If (Technical Informatics and Computer Systems) Prof. Dr. Gabriel Zachmann (Computer Graphics) Prof. Dr Template Matching Daniel Mohr and Gabriel Zachmann Clausthal University of Technology, Department

  5. Head & base production optimization : setup time reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Haiqing

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At Schlumberger, the make-to-order strategy and number of Head & Base product types (about 1000 types) requires a flexible manufacturing system in which the machine setup is frequent. However, the lengthy CNC machine setup ...

  6. Value based analysis of acquisition portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Cheri Nicole Markt

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, program-funding allocation is based on program performance. Funding cuts commonly lead to a poor reflection on the program management assigned to the given program. If additional factors such as program risk and ...

  7. The Flexure-based Microgap Rheometer (FMR)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clasen, Christian

    2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the design and construction of a new microrheometer designed to facilitate the viscometric study of complex fluids with very small sample volumes (1-10 ?l)and gaps of micrometer dimensions. The Flexure-based ...

  8. A laser speckle based position sensing technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shilpiekandula, Vijay, 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the design and development of a novel laser-speckle-based position sensing technique. In our prototype implementation, a He-Ne laser beam is directed at the surface of an air-bearing spindle. An imaging ...

  9. Topic-based mixture language modelling. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an approach for constructing a mixture of language models based on simple statistical notions of semantics using probabilistic models developed for information retrieval. The approach encapsulates corpus-derived semantic...

  10. Characterization of Carbon-Based Biomaterials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yan

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    new lubricants that will be more efficient, more environmental friendly, and more durable. The carbon-based biomaterials would lead to a new generation of artificial joints that help to improve the quality life for patients who need prosthesis....

  11. GIS-based energy consumption mapping 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balta, Chrysi

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This project aims to provide a methodology to map energy consumption of the housing stock at a city level and visualise and evaluate different retrofitting scenarios. It is based on an engineering, bottom-up approach. It makes use...

  12. Metrics for sampling-based motion planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales Aguirre, Marco Antonio

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A motion planner finds a sequence of potential motions for a robot to transit from an initial to a goal state. To deal with the intractability of this problem, a class of methods known as sampling-based planners build ...

  13. Addressing land-based discrimination in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , feudalism was based on ownership of land, the dominant mode of production. Political power was dominated by absolute kings and feudal overlords. Wealth and position in society was derived from the land ownership

  14. Absolute vs. intensity-based emission caps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny.

    Cap-and-trade systems limit emissions to some pre-specified absolute quantity. Intensity-based limits, that restrict emissions to some pre-specified rate relative to input or output, are much more widely used in environmental ...

  15. AMST Courses --Fall 2014 Tulsa Based Classes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    AMST Courses -- Fall 2014 Tulsa Based Classes: Globalization & Am Culture AMST 3253 Gray M 4 in trips to the Philbrook, Philbrook Downtown, and Gilcrease Museums and attend events of the Tulsa

  16. Optimal Model-Based Production Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for Refinery Operation Abdulrahman Alattas Advisor;2 Outline Introduction Problem Statement Refinery Planning Model Development LP Planning Models NLP Planning Models Conclusion #12;3 Introduction Refinery production planning models Optimizing refinery

  17. Thiophene-based covalent organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Guillaume

    We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) incorporating thiophene-based building blocks. We show that these are amenable to reticular synthesis, and that bent ditopic monomers, such ...

  18. Vision based navigation using novel optical sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wazni, Karim Patrick

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical position measurement system based on Position Sensing Diode technology is tested in its planar version. The system features active target intensity control and signal light modulation. Preliminary calibration procedures are researched...

  19. Whispering-gallery-mode-based seismometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fourguette, Dominique Claire; Otugen, M Volkan; Larocque, Liane Marie; Ritter, Greg Aan; Meeusen, Jason Jeffrey; Ioppolo, Tindaro

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A whispering-gallery-mode-based seismometer provides for receiving laser light into an optical fiber, operatively coupling the laser light from the optical fiber into a whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator, operatively coupling a spring of a spring-mass assembly to a housing structure; and locating the whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator between the spring-mass assembly and the housing structure so as to provide for compressing the whispering-gallery-mode-based optical resonator between the spring-mass assembly and the housing structure responsive to a dynamic compression force from the spring-mass assembly responsive to a motion of the housing structure relative to an inertial frame of reference.

  20. Physics-Based Deformable Tongue Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Xiaohu "Tiger"

    capture data gathered during speech production. Several novel deformation visualization techniques energy is utilized to provide an intuitive low dimensional visualization for the high dimensional sequential motion. Energy-interpolation-based morphing is also equipped to effectively highlight the subtle

  1. Vision based navigation using novel optical sensors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wazni, Karim Patrick

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical position measurement system based on Position Sensing Diode technology is tested in its planar version. The system features active target intensity control and signal light modulation. Preliminary calibration procedures are researched...

  2. MARKET BASED K.G. DULEEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OF MODEL · Model under development for DOE-EIA is an integrated supply and demand module that forecasts survey data. #12;MODEL - USES · Current parallel work effort focuses on market based strategies to reduce

  3. Cloud Based Applications and Platforms (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodt-Giles, D.

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation to the Cloud Computing East 2014 Conference, where we are highlighting our cloud computing strategy, describing the platforms on the cloud (including Smartgrid.gov), and defining our process for implementing cloud based applications.

  4. Recycled Unbound Base Pooled Fund Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Recycled Unbound Base Pooled Fund Study Tuncer B. Edil Recycled Materials Resource Center Geological Engineering Program University of Wisconsin-Madison #12;·! Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA absorption ­! Un-Hydrated cement increases strength and durability ·! Recycled asphalt pavement (RAP

  5. Rule-Based Energy Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomasson, F. Y.; Childress, R. L.

    Real time pricing of electricity and rising fossil fuel costs are causing renewed interest in energy management systems (EMS). This paper describes a rule-based EMS which has been implemented at several large industrial powerhouses. It is a PC...

  6. Phosphonium-based ionic liquids and uses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Del Sesto, Rico E; Koppisch, Andrew T; Lovejoy, Katherine S; Purdy, Geraldine M

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Phosphonium-based room temperature ionic liquids ("RTILs") were prepared. They were used as matrices for Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry and also for preparing samples of dyes for analysis.

  7. A microprocessor-based overcurrent relay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Robert Page

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MICROPROCESSOR-BASED OVERCURRENT RELAY A Thesis by ROBERT PAGE HELLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Majo: Subject...: Elec rical Engineering A MICROPROCESSOR-BASED OVERCURRENT RELAY A Thesis by ROBERT PAGE HELLER Approved as to style and content by: Dr. A. D. Patton (Chairman of Comittee) Dr. '&I. B. Jones (Head of Department) Dr, B. D. Russell (Member) Dr...

  8. Process for strengthening silicon based ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Moorhead, A.J.

    1991-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for strengthening silicon based ceramic monolithic materials and composite materials that contain silicon based ceramic reinforcing phases that requires that the ceramic be exposed to a wet hydrogen atmosphere at about 1400{degrees}C. The process results in a dense, tightly adherent silicon containing oxide layer that heals, blunts, or otherwise negates the detrimental effect of strength limiting flaws on the surface of the ceramic body.

  9. Trace analysis of atmospheric organic bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Dwayne C.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chromatographic fractions for NS analyses ( 121) and its use as a thin layer chromatography (TLC) adsorbent ( 122). The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends its use in the analysis of many industrial vapors ( 113 - 120... analysis of atmospheric organic bases were investigated; the study included (1) the analysis of submarine charcoal filter bed samples for nitrogen bases and (2) the use of metallic tetraphenylporphines (TPP) as specific adsorbents for atmospheric...

  10. Tribological Characterization of Carbon Based Solid Lubricants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Carlos Joel

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    TRIBOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON BASED SOLID LUBRICANTS A Thesis by CARLOS JOEL SANCHEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2011 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering TRIBOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CARBON BASED SOLID LUBRICANTS A Thesis by CARLOS JOEL SANCHEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas...

  11. Stepwise redefinition of the SI base units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Issaev, L K; Khruschov, V V

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The four SI base units are proposed to be redefined in two stages: first, the kilogram, mole and ampere should be defined, and then the kelvin. To realize the redefinition of a base unit of the SI in terms of fundamental physical constant (FPC), a principle of coincidence of their physical dimensions is put forward. Direct applying this principle will lead to the changing of the sets of base and derived units in the new SI. If we want to preserve the continuity of the division between base and derived units in the new and the current SI, the principle is to be generalized with the time dimension factor be included. The status of the mole as the base unit of measurement is considered in the current and new SI. It is proposed to redefine the kilogram using a fixed value of the Avogadro constant and then to redefine the kelvin, after the measurement accuracy of the Boltzmann constant has been increased and agreed with the values of other constants of molecular physics.

  12. USED MINERAL-BASED CRANKCASE OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Used Mineral-Based Crankcase

    based crankcase oil vary depending on the brand and type of oil, whether gasoline or diesel fuel was used, the mechanical condition of the engine that the oil came from, and the amount of use between oil changes. Used oil is not naturally found in the environment. What happens to used mineral-based crankcase oil when it enters the environment? q Used mineral-based crankcase oil enters the air through the exhaust system during engine use. q It may enter water or soil when disposed of improperly. q The hydrocarbon components of the oil generally stick to the soil surface. q Some hydrocarbons evaporate into the air very quickly, and others evaporate more slowly. q Hydrocarbon components of the oil that enter surface water bind to small particles in the water and eventually settle to the bottom. q Hydrocarbons from used mineral-based crankcase oil may build up in shellfish or other organisms. q Some metals in used mineral-based crankcase oil dissolve in water and move through the s

  13. Evaluation of radiosurgery techniques–Cone-based linac radiosurgery vs tomotherapy-based radiosurgery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, Ho Yin, E-mail: hoyinyip@yahoo.com.hk [Department of Radiotherapy, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China); Mui, Wing Lun A.; Lee, Joseph W.Y.; Fung, Winky Wing Ki; Chan, Jocelyn M.T.; Chiu, G. [Department of Radiotherapy, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China); Law, Maria Y.Y. [Medical Physics and Research Department, Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospital, Happy Valley, Hong Kong (China)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performances of radiosurgery of intracranial lesions between cone-based Linac system and Tomotherapy-based system were compared in terms of dosimetry and time. Twelve patients with single intracranial lesion treated with cone-based Linac radiosurgery system from 2005 to 2009 were replanned for Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery treatment. The conformity index, homogeneity index (HI), and gradient score index (GSI) of each case was calculated. The Wilcoxon matched-pair test was used to compare the 3 indices between both systems. The cases with regular target (n = 6) and those with irregular target (n = 6) were further analyzed separately. The estimated treatment time between both systems was also compared. Significant differences were found in HI (p = 0.05) and in GSI (p = 0.03) for the whole group. Cone-based radiosurgery was better in GSI whereas Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery was better in HI. Cone-based radiosurgery was better in conformity index (p = 0.03) and GSI (p = 0.03) for regular targets, whereas Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery system performed significantly better in HI (p = 0.03) for irregular targets. The estimated total treatment time for Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery ranged from 24 minutes to 35 minutes, including 15 minutes of pretreatment megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) and image registration, whereas that for cone-based radiosurgery ranged from 15 minutes for 1 isocenter to 75 minutes for 5 isocenters. As a rule of thumb, Tomotherapy-based radiosurgery system should be the first-line treatment for irregular lesions because of better dose homogeneity and shorter treatment time. Cone-based Linac radiosurgery system should be the treatment of choice for regular targets because of the better dose conformity, rapid dose fall-off, and reasonable treatment time.

  14. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    terns on safety and accident analysis since t h i s i s theACCIDENT ANALYSIS ACCIDENT, TRANSPORTATION SAFETY ANALYSISInformation Center Data Base RISK HAZARDS ANALYSIS ACCIDENT

  15. Si-based RF MEMS components.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens, James E.; Nordquist, Christopher Daniel; Baker, Michael Sean; Fleming, James Grant; Stewart, Harold D.; Dyck, Christopher William

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radio frequency microelectromechanical systems (RF MEMS) are an enabling technology for next-generation communications and radar systems in both military and commercial sectors. RF MEMS-based reconfigurable circuits outperform solid-state circuits in terms of insertion loss, linearity, and static power consumption and are advantageous in applications where high signal power and nanosecond switching speeds are not required. We have demonstrated a number of RF MEMS switches on high-resistivity silicon (high-R Si) that were fabricated by leveraging the volume manufacturing processes available in the Microelectronics Development Laboratory (MDL), a Class-1, radiation-hardened CMOS manufacturing facility. We describe novel tungsten and aluminum-based processes, and present results of switches developed in each of these processes. Series and shunt ohmic switches and shunt capacitive switches were successfully demonstrated. The implications of fabricating on high-R Si and suggested future directions for developing low-loss RF MEMS-based circuits are also discussed.

  16. Electrode supporting base for electrostatic precipitators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honacker, H.

    1981-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure relates to a base for supporting hollow cylindrical and circular in cross section collector electrodes for an electrostatic precipitator. The base comprises a central portion and is generally circular; a plurality of arcuate venturi and collector trough assemblies which are generally circular and which intersect radially disposed drain troughs; said venturi and collector trough assemblies being concentric with said center portion of said base and drain troughs extending radially outward from said center portion; a circular wall structure secured to outer ends of said drain troughs; fixture means for securing said collector electrodes on said drain troughs; uppermost portions of said drain troughs and said venturi and collector troughs being substantially flush with each other and said venturi and collector trough assemblies disposed on a common plane to provide for uniform laminar flow relative to the collector electrodes.

  17. Bio-based Greases: Environmental concerns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    are causing a resurgence for these plant-based lubricants. 36 • MAY 2014 TRIBOLOGY & LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY WWW.STLE.ORGAFTER A 150-YEAR HIATUS, lubricating greases made from agricultural products are making a comeback. For some 4,000 years, animal fats, olive oil and other biobased materials kept wheels and gears moving along smoothly. The shift toward petroleum-based lubricants came about only in the latter half of the 19th century. 1 Now uncertainties in petroleum prices and supply sources, coupled with an emerging awareness of environmental factors, are turning a small segment of the market back to lubricants made from renewable resources—mainly plants. Back to the Future Can bio-based lubricants compete in a world of high-capacity generators, jet aircraft engines and 18-wheel trucks? This question is particularly challenging when the lubricants are greases, which require thickeners and additives and must perform under heavy loads and in hostile environments. WHY BIO?

  18. A multivalued knowledge-base model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achs, Agnes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic aim of our study is to give a possible model for handling uncertain information. This model is worked out in the framework of DATALOG. At first the concept of fuzzy Datalog will be summarized, then its extensions for intuitionistic- and interval-valued fuzzy logic is given and the concept of bipolar fuzzy Datalog is introduced. Based on these ideas the concept of multivalued knowledge-base will be defined as a quadruple of any background knowledge; a deduction mechanism; a connecting algorithm, and a function set of the program, which help us to determine the uncertainty levels of the results. At last a possible evaluation strategy is given.

  19. Risk-based budgeting for maintenance dredging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, M.R.; Moser, D.A. [Army Corps of Engineers, Ft. Belvoir, VA (United States). Inst. for Water Resources

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Army Corps of Engineers must estimate the budget required to conduct maintenance dredging at hundreds of sites across the country. The amount of funds needed to do the maintenance dredging is highly uncertain and there are risks associated with overestimates and underestimates. A risk-based approach to the budgeting process for maintenance dredging can help identify the uncertainty and assess and manage the associated risk. A concept and preliminary plan for a risk-based approach for developing budgets for maintenance dredging is presented.

  20. Kinetic data base for combustion modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsang, W.; Herron, J.T. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this work is to develop a set of evaluated rate constants for use in the simulation of hydrocarbon combustion. The approach has been to begin with the small molecules and then introduce larger species with the various structural elements that can be found in all hydrocarbon fuels and decomposition products. Currently, the data base contains most of the species present in combustion systems with up to four carbon atoms. Thus, practically all the structural grouping found in aliphatic compounds have now been captured. The direction of future work is the addition of aromatic compounds to the data base.

  1. A Web-based Case-based Learning Environment Use in the Didactics of Informatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    A Web-based Case-based Learning Environment ­ Use in the Didactics of Informatics Maria Boubouka@di.uoa.gr Abstract. The present dissertation examines the didactic utilization of cases, specifically through digital and an investigation for the specification of CASTLE in Didactics are presented. Keywords. Cases, Problems, Learning

  2. EMPIRICAL PILE DESIGN BASED ON CONE PENETROMETER DATA: AN EXPLANATION FOR THE REDUCTION OF UNIT BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Malcolm

    EMPIRICAL PILE DESIGN BASED ON CONE PENETROMETER DATA: AN EXPLANATION FOR THE REDUCTION OF UNIT BASE RESISTANCE BETWEEN CPTs AND PILES X. Borghi 1 , D.J. White 2 , M.D. Bolton 2 , S. Springman 1 1 test (CPT) is regarded as an effective tool for pile design, since it resembles the penetration process

  3. Dynamic Concept-Based Taxonomy used for image recovery based on their textual description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinto, David Eduardo

    Dynamic Concept-Based Taxonomy used for image recovery based on their textual description Jaime of textual descriptions in order to recover images using a dynamic taxonomy. This taxonomy is stored of taxonomies, dynamic taxonomies, faceted classification, faceted taxonomies, information recovery, navigation

  4. Attribute-based Mining Process for the Organization-Based Access Control Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia-Alfaro, Joaquin

    to analyze and evaluate the access control systems. A model is a formal presentation of the security policyAttribute-based Mining Process for the Organization-Based Access Control Model Ahmad Samer Wazan}@telecom-sudparis.eu Abstract--Since the late 60's, different security access control models have been proposed. Their rationale

  5. Agent Approaches to Role-Based Security Agent Approaches to Enforce Role-Based Security in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    ], discretionary access control (DAC) [Loch88, Sand96], and role- based security (RBS) [Demu97] may all be useful control approaches (mandatory, discretionary, and role-based) can be leveraged for the support of security available alternatives. Traditional alternatives such as mandatory access control (MAC) [Keef88, Land84

  6. TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based on Real-World Data H and Zhai 1 ABSTRACT Heavy-duty diesel vehicles contribute a substantial fraction of nitrogen oxides unloaded trucks. Replacing diesel fuel with biodiesel fuel for heavy-duty trucks may reduce tailpipe

  7. Hybrid Rule-Based Example-Based MT: Feeding Apertium with Sub-sentential Translation Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Andy

    Hybrid Rule-Based ­ Example-Based MT: Feeding Apertium with Sub-sentential Translation Units Felipe S´anchez-Mart´inez Mikel L. Forcada Andy Way Dept. Llenguatges i Sistemes Inform`atics Universitat University Dublin 9, Ireland {mforcada,away}@computing.dcu.ie Abstract This paper describes a hybrid machine

  8. InterBaseKB : Integrating a Knowledge Base System with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

    , Deductive Rule, and Active Rule #12;1 1. Introduction A Data Warehouse is a repository that integratesInterBaseKB : Integrating a Knowledge Base System with a Multidatabase System for Data Warehousing Science Foundation under grants 9972883-EIA, 9974255-IIS and 9983248-EIA. Dept. of Informatics Aristotle

  9. Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshizawa, Kazunori

    , with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) K A Z U N O R I Y O S H I Z A W A and T O Y O H E I, Hemiptera and Thysanoptera) were analysed based on the morphology of forewing base structure. Monophyly of Paraneoptera was supported by nine autapomorphies, monophyly of Condylognatha (= Thysanoptera + Hemiptera

  10. Sequence-based and structure-based phylogeny 83 J. Biosci. 32(1), January 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, N.

    Sequence-based and structure-based phylogeny 83 J. Biosci. 32(1), January 2007 1. Introduction is related to the extent of similarity in their amino acid sequences (Lesk and Chothia 1980). It is well their amino acid sequences (Chothia and Lesk 1986; Hubbard and Blundell 1987; Flores et al 1993; Russell

  11. Guided and Team-Based Learning for Chemical Information Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loo, Jeffery L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K. , & Sweet, M. (2011). Team-Based Learning. New DirectionsGuided and team-based learning for chemical informationJ. L. (2013). Guided and Team-Based Learning for Chemical

  12. BIODEGRADABLE POLYCARBONATE-BASED STIMULI-RESPONSIVE NANOSYSTEMS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellekoop, Michel

    #12;BIODEGRADABLE POLYCARBONATE-BASED STIMULI-RESPONSIVE NANOSYSTEMS FOR INTRACELLULAR DRUG, The Netherlands). Biodegradable polycarbonate-based stimuli-responsive nanosystems for intracellular drug delivery POLYCARBONATE-BASED STIMULI-RESPONSIVE NANOSYSTEMS FOR INTRACELLULAR DRUG DELIVERY PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging

  13. Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Yield Enhancement of Reconfigurable Microfluidics-Based Biochips Using Interstitial Redundancy FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips for biochemical analysis cumbersome equipment with minia- turized and integrated systems. As these microfluidics-based microsystems

  14. Interactive physically-based cloud simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overby, Derek Robert

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of digital artistic media. Previous methods for modeling the growth of clouds do not account for the fluid interactions that are responsible for cloud formation in the physical atmosphere. We propose a model for simulating cloud formation based on a basic...

  15. Medical Surveillance n Based on risk assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Surveillance Risk Assessment 2.12 #12;n Top management n overall safety policy n resource allocation n2.12 #12;Medical Surveillance Criteria n Based on risk assessment n Pre-placement n evaluate of numbers exists n Predict an outcome given similar events Medical Surveillance Risk Assessment 2.12 #12;n

  16. Evidence-based policy Gordon Mackenzie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evidence-based policy Gordon Mackenzie #12;How does research contribute to policy? · Traditionally, the link between research findings and policy processes has been viewed as a linear process · A set of research findings is shifted from the 'research sphere' over to the 'policy sphere', and then has some

  17. USAGE-BASED PRICING DIFFERENTIATION FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    cost, complex pricing schemes are not "customer- friendly" and discourage customers from usingCHAPTER 1 USAGE-BASED PRICING DIFFERENTIATION FOR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS: INCOMPLETE INFORMATION AND LIMITED PRICING CHOICES Shuqin Li, Ph.D.1 and Jianwei Huang, Ph.D.2 1 Research and Innovation, Alcatel

  18. OPTIMAL DIFFERENTIATION BASED ON STOCHASTIC SIGNAL MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OPTIMAL DIFFERENTIATION BASED ON STOCHASTIC SIGNAL MODELS Bengt Carlsson, Anders Ahl'en and Mikael Sternad \\Lambda November 1989 Abstract The problem of estimating the time derivative of a signal from sam is to use stochastic models of the signal to be differentiated and of the measurement noise. Two approaches

  19. Ventilation Based on ASHRAE 62.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indoor Ventilation Based on ASHRAE 62.2 Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor California Energy Commission Ventilation (ASHRAE 62.2) Minimum Best Practices Guide - Exhaust-Only Ventilation Introduction: The California/ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2007, Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings (ASHRAE

  20. A SIMPLEX-BASED PROJECTIVE TRANSFORM ESTIMATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, John A.

    A SIMPLEX-BASED PROJECTIVE TRANSFORM ESTIMATOR J A Robinson University of York, UK. INTRODUCTION. THE SAM ESTIMATOR The estimator to be described here is called Simplex-Adapted Mesh (SAM). It has two to in the name ­ a sparse sam- ple mesh and the Nelder-Mead simplex ­ and is more novel. For convenience I use

  1. Characterization of ceria-based SOFCs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doshi, R.; Roubort, J.; Krumpelt, M.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operating at low temperatures (500-700 C) offer many advantages over conventional zirconia-based fuel cells operating at higher temperatures. Cathode performance is being improved by using better materials and/or microstructures. Fabrication of thin dense electrolytes is also necessary to achieve high cell performances.

  2. Parallel Implementation of multipole-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Parallel Implementation of multipole-based Poisson-Boltzmann solver Eng Hui Yap CS 267 Project May sphere ki: 1. Calculate surface charge multipole Snm (i) Express in and out in terms of multipoles (ii. Repeat for all spheres until convergence criteria is reached Solving LPBE with Multipole Method

  3. Web-Based Project Management Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Clark R.

    Web-Based Project Management Tools Southwest Research Institute® San Antonio, Texas #12;With more any web browser; other client software is not required because the system resides on SwRI's web server using the PIMS include: Cassini (INMS) Deep Impact THEMIS AIM STEREO IMAGE Orbital Express CHIPS

  4. ISDA 2004--Budapest Model-Based Autonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprinkle, Jonathan

    ISDA 2004--Budapest Model-Based Autonomy Jonathan Sprinkle, UC Berkeley127 August 2004 U n i v e r s i t y o f C a l i f o r n i a Berkeley Toward Design Parameterization Support for Model Predictive a Berkeley Model Predictive Control · MPC is a method for restricting/encouraging behavior · A "fortune

  5. UML-Based Integration Testing Jean Hartmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UML-Based Integration Testing Jean Hartmann Siemens Corporate Research 755 College Road East Princeton NJ 08540 ++1 609 734 3361 jhartmann@scr.siemens.com Claudio Imoberdorf Siemens Corporate Research 755 College Road East Princeton NJ 08540 ++1 609 734 3688 claudio@scr.siemens.com Michael Meisinger

  6. ELECTROPLATING-BASED APPROACHES TO VOLUMETRIC NANOMANUFACTURING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these approaches as nanostructuring improves specific energy storage performance and increasing volume improves application, energy storage directly benefits from these approaches as nanostructuring improves specific previously demonstrated a variety of MEMS-based energy storage devices with micron-scale features fabricated

  7. Use of Risk-Based End States

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This 7 year old policy was formulated as part of an effort to better define criteria for when the Office of Environmental Management would be completed with cleanup at DOE sites contaminated by nuclear weapons research, development, and production and nuclear energy research. Based on adherence to existing legislation, the Policy is not necessary.

  8. A Simplified Residential Base-Case Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, S. L.; Choi, J. H.; Haberl, J. S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was for the DOE-2.1e program to develop a simplified residential ASHP house model in Houston, Texas. The house characteristics were based on the standard reference design and requirements as defined in Chapter 4 of the 2009 IECC...

  9. GROUND-BASED FACILITIES REVIEW CONSULTATIVE DOCUMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    has been withdrawal from the AAO and significant reduction in the running costs at ING and JAC the benefits of joining ESO. Initially the UK decided to enter the 8-metre era by joining the Gemini wavebands, and needing both space and ground-based facilities to achieve new science goals. It also stresses

  10. Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics database for Neisseria meningitidis Lee S, septicemia and in some cases pneumonia. Genomic studies hold great promise for N. meningitidis research genomics database and genome browser that houses and displays publicly available N. meningitidis genomes

  11. Nanotube/Nanowire Based ORR Catalyst

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation about nanotube or nanowire-based oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts, presented by Yushan Yan, University of Delaware, at the kick-off meeting of the U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program's Catalysis Working Group, held May 14, 2012, in Arlington, Virginia.

  12. Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Symbolic Test Selection Based on Approximate Analysis Bertrand Jeannet, Thierry J´eron, Vlad Rusu}@irisa.fr Abstract. This paper addresses the problem of generating symbolic test cases for testing the conformance. The challenge we consider is the selection of test cases according to a test purpose, which is here a set

  13. Primary Outage-Based Resource Allocation Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    , the scheme would have governed transmitter power on a variable basis calculated to limit the energy at victim, 2003). Rather than merely regulate transmitter power at fixed levels, as it has been done in the past in this work by proposing three resource management strategies based on outage probability. The motivation

  14. Neutron based elemental characterization of coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dep, L.; Vourvopoulos, G. [Western Kentucky Univ., Bowling Green, KY (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An elemental characterization system based on a 14 MeV neutron generator is described. The results of sulfur content measurement in coal with a precision acceptable to the coal industry are presented. The preliminary results of measuring carbon, oxygen, and sodium are shown.

  15. IMAGE COMPRESSION USING SPLINE BASED WAVELET TRANSFORMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Averbuch, Amir

    known codec. Keywords: Sample, edited book Introduction The three fundamental building blocks with one well known codec. 0.1. Wavelet Based Image Coders Wavelet transforms provide very good energy of partitioning, aggregation and conditional coding­ PACC. Following these concepts, the data object emerging from

  16. Optimal Model-Based Production Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for Refinery Operation Abdulrahman Alattas Advisor: Ignacio;Outline Introduction Refinery Planning Model Development LP Planning Models NLP Planning Models FI Model Aggregate Model Conclusion & Future work 2 #12;3 Introduction Refinery production planning

  17. Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    1 1 Optimal Model-Based Production Planning for Refinery Operation Abdulrahman Alattas Advisor to refinery profit and economics Refinery production planning models Operation optimization Crude selection Integrate scheduling into planning model Current Project collaboration with BP Goal: develop a refinery

  18. Metrics for sampling-based motion planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales Aguirre, Marco Antonio

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A motion planner finds a sequence of potential motions for a robot to transit from an initial to a goal state. To deal with the intractability of this problem, a class of methods known as sampling-based planners build approximate representations...

  19. The Economics of a Technology-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-2 Planning Report The Economics of a Technology-Based Service Sector Prepared by: TASC, Inc. for National Institute of Standards & Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group January 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;#12;THE ECONOMICS OF A TECHNOLOGY

  20. MICROFLUIDICS-BASED STRATEGIES FOR PROTEIN CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    MICROFLUIDICS-BASED STRATEGIES FOR PROTEIN CRYSTALLOGRAPHY Thesis by Megan J. Anderson In Partial of this project. #12;iv I would also like to thank all of the microfluidic foundry technicians who provided me laboratories to produce high-quality protein crystals, the use of microfluidic technology for structural

  1. Agent Based Power System Transient Stability Enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Agent Based Power System Transient Stability Enhancement M. S. Rahman, Student Member, IEEE, M. J. Hossain and H. R. Pota Abstract--This paper describes an intelligent agent approach to power system fault electric power system is most capital investive and vast complex network with increasing interconnections

  2. Computational Diagnostics based on Large Scale Gene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spang, Rainer

    Computational Diagnostics based on Large Scale Gene Expression Profiles using MCMC Rainer Spang = Data Loadings Singular values Expression levels of super genes, orthogonal matrix #12;)( genessuperall- #12;Given the Few Profiles With Known Diagnosis: · The uncertainty on the right model is high

  3. Automated ConstraintBased Nucleotide Sequence Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gifford, David K.

    Automated Constraint­Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temper­ ature primitive to search a ``nucleotide space'' for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated

  4. Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gifford, David K.

    Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temperature primitive to search a "nucleotide space" for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated

  5. Place-based Mitigation of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Place-based Mitigation of Climate Change Robert Socolow Princeton University socolow should provide at least one wedge. #12;"The Wedge Model is the iPod of climate change: You fill/yr, 30 miles per gallon b) Fly 10,000 miles/yr c) Heat home Natural gas, average house, average climate d

  6. Special Issue Load Profiling Based Routing for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Special Issue Load Profiling Based Routing for Guaranteed Bandwidth Flows \\Lambda IBRAHIM MATTA y the load across the set of candidate routes. In this paper, we propose the use of load profiling as an attractive alternative to load balancing for routing guaranteed bandwidth VCs (flows). Load profiling

  7. RSA-Based Secret Handshakes Damien Vergnaud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RSA-Based Secret Handshakes Damien Vergnaud Laboratoire de Math´ematiques Nicolas Oresme Universit. A secret handshake mechanism allows two entities, members of a same group, to authenticate each other secretly. This primitive was introduced recently by Balfanz, Durfee, Shankar, Smetters, Staddon and Wong

  8. Matlab-based Optimization: Optimization Toolbox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Matlab-based Optimization: the Optimization Toolbox Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff@vt.edu ) 3:00pm Engineering ICAM: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 37 #12;Matlab's Optimization Toolbox Classifying Optimization Problems A Soup Can Example Intermezzo A Trajectory Example 2nd Trajectory Example

  9. Nanofluidic Diodes Based on Nanotube Heterojunctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong

    Nanofluidic Diodes Based on Nanotube Heterojunctions Ruoxue Yan, Wenjie Liang, Rong Fan devices has recently been implemented into the nanofluidic field for the active control of ion transport, a signature of ionic diode behavior. Such nanofluidic diodes could find applications in ion separation

  10. Acception Based Approach for Multilingual Lexical Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of these projects use an interlingual approach (KBMT-89, EDR, ...), where others choose a bilingual approach dictionary as much as possible. EDR and KBMT-89 projects (which use a knowledge based approach) are faced multilingues. Certains utilisent une approche interlingue (KBMT-89, EDR, ...), alors que d'autres ont choisi

  11. Video Indexing Based on Mosaic Representations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Ehud

    1 Video Indexing Based on Mosaic Representations Michal Irani P. Anandan Abstract| Video is a rich is implicitly buried inside the raw video data, and is provided with the cost of very high temporal redundancy. While the standard sequential form of video storage is ad- equate for viewing in a "movie mode

  12. GPRS-Based Cinema Ticket Reservation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science and Engineering. This MSC project implements a mobile Location Aware Cinema Ticket Reser- vationGPRS-Based Cinema Ticket Reservation System Mihai Balan Kongens Lyngby 2007 IMM-2007-7b #12 is called Cinema Ticket Reservation System and it can determine user's current position, allow users

  13. Portland State University Performance Based Budget (PBB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daescu, Dacian N.

    8/14/13 1 Portland State University Performance Based Budget (PBB) May 28, 2013 Preamble Portland State University currently manages its resources using an incremental budgeting process, which during method of higher education finance, incremental budgeting involves academic and non-academic units

  14. CFD-based Optimization for Automotive Aerodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumas, Laurent

    Chapter 1 CFD-based Optimization for Automotive Aerodynamics Laurent Dumas Abstract The car drag- ments. An overview of the main characteristics of automotive aerodynamics and a detailed presentation.dumas@upmc.fr) 1 #12;2 Laurent Dumas 1.1 Introducing Automotive Aerodynamics 1.1.1 A Major Concern for Car

  15. Multiscale Agent-Based Consumer Market Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    , and Visualization Group; and 3 Center for Energy, Environmental, and Economic Systems Analysis, Argonne NationalMultiscale Agent-Based Consumer Market Modeling MICHAEL J. NORTH,1 CHARLES M. MACAL,1 JAMES ST 8, 2009; revised August 19, 2009; accepted September 8, 2009 Consumer markets have been studied

  16. Middleware Based Executive for Embedded Reconfigurable Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Middleware Based Executive for Embedded Reconfigurable Platforms A. Khiar and N.Knecht and L embedded Multiprocessor Systems-on-Chip (MPSoC) platform containing reconfigurable hardware computing units of the french ANR FOSFOR (Flexible Operating System FOr Reconfigurable platforms) [1] project, the objective

  17. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  18. Computer-based carbon nanotechnology prophecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computer-based carbon nanotechnology prophecy As device sizes approach atomic dimensions, much that of experimental observations. No surprise that nanotechnology designers are increasingly turning to large in the nanotechnology domain fulfill the same mission as prophecies of old, namely guiding the evolution towards

  19. Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melnik, Roderick

    Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology 2008 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 107, 011001, doi: 10 for their excellent support during the workshop. Nanotechnology is the study and application of phenomena at or below. This workshop put strong emphasis on discussions of the new mathematics needed in nanotechnology especially

  20. Chapter 11. Community analysis-based methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Y.; Wu, C.H.; Andersen, G.L.; Holden, P.A.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microbial communities are each a composite of populations whose presence and relative abundance in water or other environmental samples are a direct manifestation of environmental conditions, including the introduction of microbe-rich fecal material and factors promoting persistence of the microbes therein. As shown by culture-independent methods, different animal-host fecal microbial communities appear distinctive, suggesting that their community profiles can be used to differentiate fecal samples and to potentially reveal the presence of host fecal material in environmental waters. Cross-comparisons of microbial communities from different hosts also reveal relative abundances of genetic groups that can be used to distinguish sources. In increasing order of their information richness, several community analysis methods hold promise for MST applications: phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (TRFLP), cloning/sequencing, and PhyloChip. Specific case studies involving TRFLP and PhyloChip approaches demonstrate the ability of community-based analyses of contaminated waters to confirm a diagnosis of water quality based on host-specific marker(s). The success of community-based MST for comprehensively confirming fecal sources relies extensively upon using appropriate multivariate statistical approaches. While community-based MST is still under evaluation and development as a primary diagnostic tool, results presented herein demonstrate its promise. Coupled with its inherently comprehensive ability to capture an unprecedented amount of microbiological data that is relevant to water quality, the tools for microbial community analysis are increasingly accessible, and community-based approaches have unparalleled potential for translation into rapid, perhaps real-time, monitoring platforms.

  1. AUTOMATIC VARIABLE VENTILATION CONTROL SYSTEMS BASED ON AIR QUALITY DETECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turiel, Isaac

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    saon Automatic Variable Ventilation Control Systems Based onL Kusuda, "Control Ventilation to Conserve Energy While t·79-3 Automatic variable ventilation control systems based on

  2. CSAT Role-Based/Core Competency Training Program | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Services Training Cybersecurity Training Warehouse DOE Training & Education CSAT Role-BasedCore Competency Training Program CSAT Role-BasedCore Competency Training...

  3. Factors Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based Organic Cathode Materials. Factors Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based Organic Cathode Materials....

  4. Distributome: An Interactive Web-based Resource for Probability Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Bo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Angeles Distributome: An Interactive Web-based Resource forThesis Distributome: An Interactive Web-based Resource fordevelopment of highly interactive programs. The Distributome

  5. A Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold Nanoparticle Labels. A Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold Nanoparticle Labels. Abstract: A...

  6. Non-Petroleum Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion (Agreement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Petroleum Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion (Agreement 13425) Non-Petroleum Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion (Agreement 13425) Presentation from the U.S. DOE...

  7. Phosphine Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking Materials for Blue Electrophosphorescent Organic Light Emitting Phosphine Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking...

  8. A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol . A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol . Abstract: An...

  9. Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance...

  10. Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures Citation Details Title: Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin...

  11. Multi-component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve Efficiency and Durability in Engines Multi-component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve Efficiency and...

  12. PNNL: Mechanistic-Based Ductility Prediction for Complex Mg Castings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PNNL: Mechanistic-Based Ductility Prediction for Complex Mg Castings PNNL: Mechanistic-Based Ductility Prediction for Complex Mg Castings 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program...

  13. Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Controls (Agreement...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    sluder.pdf More Documents & Publications Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Control Technologies Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Control Technologies...

  14. TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries. TEMPO-based Catholyte for High Energy Density Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries. Abstract: We will...

  15. anatomic site based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Keniston, Kenneth 45 CITI Web-Based Training Curriculum For Registered Users of the CITI site. Engineering Websites Summary: CITI Web-Based Training Curriculum For Registered...

  16. Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy Storage Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy Storage 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  17. A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol . A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol . Abstract: An...

  18. Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal Amplification Strategy of Graphene Sheets and Multi-Enzyme Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal...

  19. Glucose Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in Platinum NanoparticlesGrapheneChitosan Nanocomposite Film. Glucose Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in...

  20. aqueous base developable: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 41 Community-Based Associations for Sustainable Tourism Development. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ?? Community-Based Tourism...

  1. Advanced Radio Frequency-Based Sensors for Monitoring Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Radio Frequency-Based Sensors for Monitoring Diesel Particulate Filter Loading and Regeneration Advanced Radio Frequency-Based Sensors for Monitoring Diesel Particulate Filter...

  2. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation: A Hong Kong Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Holning; Stotzer, Rebecca L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    v. Canada (Minister of Employment and Immigration), 1 SCR10.1007/s10672-010-9150-2 Employment Discrimination Based onsexual orientation-based employment discrimination. The

  3. Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic Framework in Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic...

  4. New lithium-based ionic liquid electrolytes that resist salt...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    lithium-based ionic liquid electrolytes that resist salt concentration polarization New lithium-based ionic liquid electrolytes that resist salt concentration polarization...

  5. Monolithic Metal Oxide based Composite Nanowire Lean NOx Emission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Monolithic Metal Oxide based Composite Nanowire Lean NOx Emission Control Catalysts Monolithic Metal Oxide based Composite Nanowire Lean NOx Emission Control Catalysts Presents...

  6. Advanced Oxidation & Stabilization of PAN-Based Carbon Precursor...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Advanced Oxidation & Stabilization of PAN-Based Carbon Precursor Fibers Advanced Oxidation & Stabilization of PAN-Based Carbon Precursor...

  7. Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with Ultrasensitive...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with Ultrasensitive Nanoelectrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry. Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with...

  8. Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to Exceed Energy Goals Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to Exceed Energy Goals Fact sheet...

  9. activity based costing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 5 Le Time Driven Activity Based Costing (TDABC): "New Wine, or Just New Bottles?" Physics Websites Summary: Le Time Driven Activity Based...

  10. AUTOMATIC VARIABLE VENTILATION CONTROL SYSTEMS BASED ON AIR QUALITY DETECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turiel, Isaac

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~saon Automatic Variable Ventilation Control Systems Based79-3 Automatic variable ventilation control systems based onof automatic variable ventilation control systems, result in

  11. Low temperature sintering of lanthanum strontium manganite-based...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Low temperature sintering of lanthanum strontium manganite-based contact pastes for SOFCs. Low temperature sintering of lanthanum strontium manganite-based contact pastes for...

  12. Weather-based yield forecasts developed for 12 California crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobell, David; Cahill, Kimberly Nicholas; Field, Christopher

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Weather-based yield forecasts developed fordepend largely on the weather, measurements from existingpredictions. We developed weather-based models of statewide

  13. Community-Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management: A Path...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management: A Path to Sustainable Environment and Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Community-Based Forest (Natural) Resource Management:...

  14. Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable Phenolic Foam for Building Insulation Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable...

  15. Hickam Air Force Base Fuel Cell Vehicles: Early Implementation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hickam Air Force Base Fuel Cell Vehicles: Early Implementation Experience Hickam Air Force Base Fuel Cell Vehicles: Early Implementation Experience This report sumarizes early...

  16. High Temperature Thin Film Polymer Dielectric Based Capacitors...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Temperature Thin Film Polymer Dielectric Based Capacitors for HEV Power Electronic Systems High Temperature Thin Film Polymer Dielectric Based Capacitors for HEV Power...

  17. Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video September 20, 2013 -...

  18. Energy Department Names Two Colorado-based Electric Cooperatives...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Names Two Colorado-based Electric Cooperatives as Wind Cooperatives of the Year for 2014 Energy Department Names Two Colorado-based Electric Cooperatives as Wind...

  19. Machine learning based prediction for peptide drift times in...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Machine learning based prediction for peptide drift times in ion mobility spectrometry . Machine learning based prediction for peptide drift times in ion mobility spectrometry ....

  20. Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel Engines Model-Based Transient Calibration Optimization for Next Generation Diesel Engines 2005 Diesel...

  1. A Stochastic Reactor Based Virtual Engine Model Employing Detailed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Stochastic Reactor Based Virtual Engine Model Employing Detailed Chemistry for Kinetic Studies of In-Cylinder Combustion and Exhaust Aftertreatment A Stochastic Reactor Based...

  2. Demonstrating and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller for Fuel Efficient, Low Emissions Diesel Engines Demonstrating and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller for...

  3. Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy Storage Silicon Nanostructure-based Technology for Next Generation Energy Storage 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  4. Thermoelectric Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite Materials for Automotive Energy Recovery Thermoelectric Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite Materials for...

  5. application models based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the potentials and limits Bryson, Joanna J. 2 Model-Based Vulnerability Testing for Web Applications Physics Websites Summary: Model-Based Vulnerability Testing for Web...

  6. Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity 2003 DEER Conference...

  7. Novel Laser-Based Manufacturing of nano-LiFePO4-Based Materials for High Power Li Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, Craig R.; Jaiswal, Abhishek; Chang, On; Crane, S.; Doeff, Marca M.; Wang, Emile

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    17-18, 2007 Novel Laser-Based Manufacturing of nano-LiFePO 4laser-based process for synthesizing nanomaterials, NanoParticle Manufacturing (

  8. Electrometallurgical treatment of aluminum-based fuels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willit, J. L.

    1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully demonstrated aluminum electrorefining from a U-Al-Si alloy that simulates spent aluminum-based reactor fuel. The aluminum product contains less than 200 ppm uranium. All the results obtained have been in agreement with predictions based on equilibrium thermodynamics. We have also demonstrated the need for adequate stirring to achieve a low-uranium product. Most of the other process steps have been demonstrated in other programs. These include uranium electrorefining, transuranic fission product scrubbing, fission product oxidation, and product consolidation by melting. Future work will focus on the extraction of active metal and rare earth fission products by a molten flux salt and scale-up of the aluminum electrorefining.

  9. CLP-based protein fragment assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palu', Alessandro Dal; Fogolari, Federico; Pontelli, Enrico; 10.1017/S1471068410000372

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper investigates a novel approach, based on Constraint Logic Programming (CLP), to predict the 3D conformation of a protein via fragments assembly. The fragments are extracted by a preprocessor-also developed for this work- from a database of known protein structures that clusters and classifies the fragments according to similarity and frequency. The problem of assembling fragments into a complete conformation is mapped to a constraint solving problem and solved using CLP. The constraint-based model uses a medium discretization degree Ca-side chain centroid protein model that offers efficiency and a good approximation for space filling. The approach adapts existing energy models to the protein representation used and applies a large neighboring search strategy. The results shows the feasibility and efficiency of the method. The declarative nature of the solution allows to include future extensions, e.g., different size fragments for better accuracy.

  10. Russian naval bases due commercial development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Tecnogrid Group, New York, has signed a joint venture with the Russian Navy for commercial development of a wide range of sea dn land based assets owned by the former Soviet Navy. This paper reports that among other things, the venture aims for projects that will allow greater volumes of oil exports by revamping several naval bases. Tecnogrid's partner in the joint venture is AO Navicon, A Russian stock holding company that is the commercial arm of the Navy. Navicon has the sole right to commercially develop and deploy the Navy's assets. The Navy can no longer depend on the state for support, and Adm. Ig. Malhonin. With that in mind, the Navy is looking to become the leading force in moving toward a free market economy. Mahonin is Russia's second ranking naval official.

  11. Particle Swarm Optimization Based Reactive Power Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sujin, P R; Linda, M Mary

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactive power plays an important role in supporting the real power transfer by maintaining voltage stability and system reliability. It is a critical element for a transmission operator to ensure the reliability of an electric system while minimizing the cost associated with it. The traditional objectives of reactive power dispatch are focused on the technical side of reactive support such as minimization of transmission losses. Reactive power cost compensation to a generator is based on the incurred cost of its reactive power contribution less the cost of its obligation to support the active power delivery. In this paper an efficient Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based reactive power optimization approach is presented. The optimal reactive power dispatch problem is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. The objective of the proposed PSO is to minimize the total support cost from generators and reactive compensators. It is achieved by maintaining the whole system power loss as minimum...

  12. Savannah River Site generic data base development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanton, C.H.; Eide, S.A.

    1993-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of a project to improve the generic component failure data base for the Savannah River Site (SRS). A representative list of components and failure modes for SRS risk models was generated by reviewing existing safety analyses and component failure data bases and from suggestions from SRS safety analysts. Then sources of data or failure rate estimates were identified and reviewed for applicability. A major source of information was the Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability, or NUCLARR. This source includes an extensive collection of failure data and failure rate estimates for commercial nuclear power plants. A recent Idaho National Engineering Laboratory report on failure data from the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant was also reviewed. From these and other recent sources, failure data and failure rate estimates were collected for the components and failure modes of interest. This information was aggregated to obtain a recommended generic failure rate distribution (mean and error factor) for each component failure mode.

  13. Novel Fuel Cells for Coal Based Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Tao

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to acquire experimental data required to assess the feasibility of a Direct Coal power plant based upon an Electrochemical Looping (ECL) of Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC). The objective of Phase 1 was to experimentally characterize the interaction between the tin anode, coal fuel and cell component electrolyte, the fate of coal contaminants in a molten tin reactor (via chemistry) and their impact upon the YSZ electrolyte (via electrochemistry). The results of this work will provided the basis for further study in Phase 2. The objective of Phase 2 was to extend the study of coal impurities impact on fuel cell components other than electrolyte, more specifically to the anode current collector which is made of an electrically conducting ceramic jacket and broad based coal tin reduction. This work provided a basic proof-of-concept feasibility demonstration of the direct coal concept.

  14. Vacuum structure around identity based solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isao Kishimoto; Tomohiko Takahashi

    2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore vacuum structure in bosonic open string field theory expanded around an identity based solution parameterized by $a$ (>= -1/2). Analyzing the expanded theory by using level truncation approximation up to level 14, we find that the theory has a stable vacuum solution for $a$>-1/2. The vacuum energy and the gauge invariant overlap numerically approach those of the tachyon vacuum solution with increasing truncation level. Also we find that, at $a$=-1/2, there exists an unstable vacuum solution in the expanded theory and it rapidly becomes the trivial zero configuration just above $a$=-1/2. The numerical behavior of the two gauge invariants suggests that the unstable solution corresponds to the perturbative open string vacuum. These results reasonably support the expectation that the identity based solution is a trivial pure gauge configuration for $a$>-1/2, but it can be regarded as the tachyon vacuum solution at $a$=-1/2.

  15. Platform Based Design for Automotive Sensor Conditioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fanucci, L; Iozzi, F; Marino, C; Rocchi, A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a general architecture suitable to interface several kinds of sensors for automotive applications is presented. A platform based design approach is pursued to improve system performance while minimizing time-to-market.. The platform is composed by an analog front-end and a digital section. The latter is based on a microcontroller core (8051 IP by Oregano) plus a set of dedicated hardware dedicated to the complex signal processing required for sensor conditioning. The microcontroller handles also the communication with external devices (as a PC) for data output and fast prototyping. A case study is presented concerning the conditioning of a Gyro yaw rate sensor for automotive applications. Measured performance results outperform current state-of-the-art commercial devices.

  16. 1980 Base case and feasibility analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a task of documenting a base case'' and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

  17. 1980 Base case and feasibility analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a task of documenting a ``base case`` and performing a feasibility analysis for a national residential energy efficiency program for new homes, The principal objective of the task wasto estimate the energy consumption of typical homes built in 1980 and then to identify and assess the feasibility of methods to reduce that consumption by 50%. The goal of the program by the year 2000 is to reduce heating and cooling energy use in new homes built under the program to one-half of the energy use in typical new homes built in 1980. The task also calls for determining whether the program goal should be revised, based on the analysis.

  18. Plasma-based EUV light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shumlak, Uri (Seattle, WA); Golingo, Raymond (Seattle, WA); Nelson, Brian A. (Mountlake Terrace, WA)

    2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Various mechanisms are provided relating to plasma-based light source that may be used for lithography as well as other applications. For example, a device is disclosed for producing extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light based on a sheared plasma flow. The device can produce a plasma pinch that can last several orders of magnitude longer than what is typically sustained in a Z-pinch, thus enabling the device to provide more power output than what has been hitherto predicted in theory or attained in practice. Such power output may be used in a lithography system for manufacturing integrated circuits, enabling the use of EUV wavelengths on the order of about 13.5 nm. Lastly, the process of manufacturing such a plasma pinch is discussed, where the process includes providing a sheared flow of plasma in order to stabilize it for long periods of time.

  19. Commercialization plan laser-based decoating systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freiwald, J.; Freiwald, D.A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F2 Associates Inc. (F2) is a small, high-technology firm focused on developing and commercializing environmentally friendly laser ablation systems for industrial-rate removal of surface coatings from metals, concrete, and delicate substrates such as composites. F2 has a contract with the US Department of Energy Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) to develop and test a laser-based technology for removing contaminated paint and other contaminants from concrete and metal surfaces. Task 4.1 in Phase 2 of the Statement of Work for this DOE contract requires that F2 ``document its plans for commercializing and marketing the stationary laser ablation system. This document shall include a discussion of prospects for commercial customers and partners and may require periodic update to reflect changing strategy. This document shall be submitted to the DOE for review.`` This report is being prepared and submitted in fulfillment of that requirement. This report describes the laser-based technology for cleaning and coatings removal, the types of laser-based systems that have been developed by F2 based on this technology, and the various markets that are emerging for this technology. F2`s commercialization and marketing plans are described, including how F2`s organization is structured to meet the needs of technology commercialization, F2`s strategy and marketing approach, and the necessary steps to receive certification for removing paint from aircraft and DOE certification for D and D applications. The future use of the equipment built for the DOE contract is also discussed.

  20. Incinerator residue in bituminous base construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haynes, Joseph Anthony

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for use of the material in a bituminous base. Preliminary investigation on the optimum mix design included Hveem stability, Marshall stability and Durability tests, A test section consisting of the experimental hot-mixed pavement, littercrete, and a... for flexural fatigue tests, Hveem and Marshall stabilities, thermal expansion, direct tension, splitting tensile and Schmidt tests. Four in. (10. 2 cm. ) diameter cores were taken after compaction (before traffic) and after six months in service. Samples...

  1. Polymeric electrolytes based on hydrosilyation reactions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerr, John Borland (Oakland, CA); Wang, Shanger (Fairfield, CA); Hou, Jun (Painted Post, NY); Sloop, Steven Edward (Berkeley, CA); Han, Yong Bong (Berkeley, CA); Liu, Gao (Oakland, CA)

    2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    New polymer electrolytes were prepared by in situ cross-linking of allyl functional polymers based on hydrosilation reaction using a multifunctional silane cross-linker and an organoplatinum catalyst. The new cross-linked electrolytes are insoluble in organic solvent and show much better mechanical strength. In addition, the processability of the polymer electrolyte is maintained since the casting is finished well before the gel formation.

  2. Stabilization of spent calcium-based sorbent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shires, P.J.; Katta, S.; Henningsen, G.B.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this project is to obtain experimental data on the reactions of calcium-based sorbents applicable to both air-blown coal gasification systems and second generation fluid bed coal combustion systems (partial gasification). The project is a 40-month effort. A key technical issue for the utilization of calcium sorbents in advanced coal technologies is the subsequent stabilization of the solid wastes (calcium sulfide/ash) produced by such systems.

  3. Catalog of data bases and reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. (comp.)

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy's Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

  4. Catalog of data bases and reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

  5. MEMS-Based Pyroelectric Thermal Energy Scavenger

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A new type of microelectromechanical system (MEMS ) high efficiency heat energy converter, or scavenger, was invented by ORNL researchers. This device is based on temperature cycled cantilevered pyroelectric capacitors. The scavenger converts thermal waste heat to electricity that can be used to monitor sensor systems, or recycled to provide electrical power while simultaneously reducing thermal cooling requirements. Given the current state of global industry, which discharges over 100...

  6. VAX-based graphics mail system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiltzius, D.P.

    1985-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphics messages (freehand drawings, text, and symbols) can be interactively created using an intelligent graphics terminal (Tektronix 4115B) and selectively sent to other graphics terminals for display, editing, and return transmission. This VAX-based program is run as several detached process to handle the message routing. Inter-process communication is achieved with VMS mailboxes and asynchronous software traps (AST's) are utilized for all input in order to maintain low system overhead and fast, asynchronous response.

  7. Perception Based Character Modeling and Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higa, Mitsutoshi

    procedure Page RESULTS 32 Perceived sex 3 Perceived masculinity 4 Perceived femininity 6 Perceived attractiveness 38 DISCUSSION 40 Perceived sex Perceived masculinity and femininity 41 Perceived attractiveness 42 Summary 43 PERCEPTION BASED MODELING... the WHR and walk motion 4 Modeling the WHR 49 Animating the walk 51 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 3 REFERENCES 55 APPENDIX A 8 APPENDIX B 61 APPENDIX C 9 APPENDIX D.... 72 APPENDIX E 120 Page VITA 121 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 A complete cycle...

  8. Economic aspects of black bases in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoen, Wayne Ayron

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such that an optimal asphalt content for each aggregate type could be determined. Test method Tex-126-E requires that the 6-inches in diameter by 8-inches in height samples be failed in unconfined compression and from these results an optimum asphalt content... procedure and two would not. The purpose of the vacuum saturation procedure was to determine the effect of water on the black base mixtures. At present, an acceptable national standard vacuum saturation procedure does not exist. Therefore, a test...

  9. Microfluidic System for Solution Array Based Bioassays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dougherty, G M; Tok, J B; Pannu, S S; Rose, K A

    2006-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate new enabling technology for multiplex biodetection systems that are flexible, miniaturizable, highly automated, low cost, and high performance. It builds on prior successes at LLNL with particle-based solution arrays, such as those used in the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) successfully field deployed to multiple locations nationwide. We report the development of a multiplex solution array immunoassay based upon engineered metallic nanorod particles. Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} particles are fabricated by sequential electrodeposition of dissimilar metals within porous alumina templates, yielding optically encoded striping patterns that can be read using standard laboratory microscope optics and PC-based image processing software. The addition of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) coatings and target-specific antibodies allows each encoded class of nanorod particles to be directed against a different antigen target. A prototype assay panel directed against bacterial, viral, and soluble protein targets demonstrates simultaneous detection at sensitivities comparable to state of the art immunoassays, with minimal cross-reactivity. Studies have been performed to characterize the colloidal properties (zeta potential) of the suspended nanorod particles as a function of pH, the ionic strength of the suspending solution, and surface functionalization state. Additional studies have produced means for the non-contact manipulation of the particles, including the insertion of magnetic nickel stripes within the encoding pattern, and control via externally applied electromagnetic fields. Using the results of these studies, the novel Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} based assay was implemented in a prototype automated system with the sample processing functions and optical readout performed on a microfluidic card. The unique physical properties of the nanorod particles enable the development of integrated microfluidic systems for biodefense, protein expression studies, and other applications.

  10. Savannah River Site generic data base development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard , A.

    2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of a project to improve the generic component failure database for the Savannah River Site (SRS). Additionally, guidelines were developed further for more advanced applications of database values. A representative list of components and failure modes for SRS risk models was generated by reviewing existing safety analyses and component failure data bases and from suggestions from SRS safety analysts. Then sources of data or failure rate estimates were identified and reviewed for applicability. A major source of information was the Nuclear Computerized Library for Assessing Reactor Reliability, or NUCLARR. This source includes an extensive collection of failure data and failure rate estimates for commercial nuclear power plants. A recent Idaho National Engineering Laboratory report on failure data from the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant was also reviewed. From these and other recent sources, failure data and failure rate estimates were collected for the components and failure modes of interest. For each component failure mode, this information was aggregated to obtain a recommended generic failure rate distribution (mean and error factor based on a lognormal distribution). Results are presented in a table in this report. A major difference between generic database and previous efforts is that this effort estimates failure rates based on actual data (failure events) rather than on existing failure rate estimates. This effort was successful in that over 75% of the results are now based on actual data. Also included is a section on guidelines for more advanced applications of failure rate data. This report describes the results of a project to improve the generic component failure database for the Savannah River site (SRS). Additionally, guidelines were developed further for more advanced applications of database values.

  11. CHR(PRISM)-based Probabilistic Logic Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sneyers, Jon; Vennekens, Joost; Kameya, Yoshitaka; Sato, Taisuke; 10.1017/S1471068410000207

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PRISM is an extension of Prolog with probabilistic predicates and built-in support for expectation-maximization learning. Constraint Handling Rules (CHR) is a high-level programming language based on multi-headed multiset rewrite rules. In this paper, we introduce a new probabilistic logic formalism, called CHRiSM, based on a combination of CHR and PRISM. It can be used for high-level rapid prototyping of complex statistical models by means of "chance rules". The underlying PRISM system can then be used for several probabilistic inference tasks, including probability computation and parameter learning. We define the CHRiSM language in terms of syntax and operational semantics, and illustrate it with examples. We define the notion of ambiguous programs and define a distribution semantics for unambiguous programs. Next, we describe an implementation of CHRiSM, based on CHR(PRISM). We discuss the relation between CHRiSM and other probabilistic logic programming languages, in particular PCHR. Finally we identify ...

  12. Development of Lignin-Based Polyurethane Thermoplastics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saito, Tomonori [ORNL] [ORNL; Perkins, Joshua H [ORNL] [ORNL; Jackson, Daniel C [ORNL] [ORNL; Trammell, Neil E [ORNL] [ORNL; Hunt, Marcus A [ORNL] [ORNL; Naskar, Amit K [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In our continued effort to develop value-added thermoplastics from lignin, here we report utilizing a tailored feedstock to synthesize mechanically robust thermoplastic polyurethanes at very high lignin contents (75 65 wt %). The molecular weight and glass transition temperature (Tg) of lignin were altered through cross-linking with formaldehyde. The cross-linked lignin was coupled with diisocyanate-based telechelic polybutadiene as a network-forming soft segment. The appearance of two Tg s, around 35 and 154 C, for the polyurethanes indicates the existence of two-phase morphology, a characteristic of thermoplastic copolymers. A calculated Flory-Huggins interaction parameter of 7.71 also suggests phase immiscibility in the synthesized lignin polyurethanes. An increase in lignin loading increased the modulus, and an increase in crosslink-density increased the modulus in the rubbery plateau region of the thermoplastic. This path for synthesis of novel lignin-based polyurethane thermoplastics provides a design tool for high performance lignin-based biopolymers.

  13. Antenna unit and radio base station therewith

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuwahara, Mikio; Doi, Nobukazu; Suzuki, Toshiro; Ishida, Yuji; Inoue, Takashi; Niida, Sumaru

    2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase and amplitude deviations, which are generated, for example, by cables connecting an array antenna of a CDMA base station and the base station, are calibrated in the baseband. The base station comprises: an antenna apparatus 1; couplers 2; an RF unit 3 that converts a receive signal to a baseband signal, converts a transmit signal to a radio frequency, and performs power control; an A/D converter 4 for converting a receive signal to a digital signal; a receive beam form unit 6 that multiplies the receive signal by semi-fixed weight; a despreader 7 for this signal input; a time-space demodulator 8 for demodulating user data; a despreader 9 for probe signal; a space modulator 14 for user data; a spreader 13 for user signal; a channel combiner 12; a Tx calibrater 11 for controlling calibration of a signal; a D/A converter 10; a unit 16 for calculation of correlation matrix for generating a probe signal used for controlling an Rx calibration system and a TX calibration system; a spreader 17 for probe signal; a power control unit 18; a D/A converter 19; an RF unit 20 for probe signal; an A/D converter 21 for signal from the couplers 2; and a despreader 22.

  14. TAP 2, Performance-Based Training Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Training programs at DOE nuclear facilities should provide well- trained, qualified personnel to safely and efficiently operate the facilities in accordance with DOE requirements. A need has been identified for guidance regarding analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation of consistent and reliable performance-based training programs. Accreditation of training programs at Category A reactors and high-hazard and selected moderate-hazard nonreactor facilities will assure consistent, appropriate, and cost-effective training of personnel responsible for the operation, maintenance, and technical support of these facilities. Training programs that are designed and based on systematically job requirements, instead of subjective estimation of trainee needs, yield training activities that are consistent and develop or improve knowledge, skills, and abilities that can be directly related to the work setting. Because the training is job-related, the content of these programs more efficiently and effectively meets the needs of the employee. Besides a better trained work force, a greater level of operational reactor safety can be realized. This manual is intended to provide an overview of the accreditation process and a brief description of the elements necessary to construct and maintain training programs that are based on the requirements of the job. Two comparison manuals provide additional information to assist contractors in their efforts to accredit training programs.

  15. Base Program on Energy Related Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Western Research Institute

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of the Base Research Program was to conduct both fundamental and applied research that will assist industry in developing, deploying, and commercializing efficient, nonpolluting fossil energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting the energy requirements of the Nation. In that regard, tasks proposed under the WRI research areas were aligned with DOE objectives of secure and reliable energy; clean power generation; development of hydrogen resources; energy efficiency and development of innovative fuels from low and no-cost sources. The goal of the Base Research Program was to develop innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources--coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the overall Base Program. This document represents a stand-alone Final Report for the entire Program. It should be noted that an interim report describing the Program achievements was prepared in 2003 covering the progress made under various tasks completed during the first five years of this Program.

  16. Coal based electric generation comparative technologies report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Ohio Clean Fuels, Inc., (OCF) has licensed technology that involves Co-Processing (Co-Pro) poor grade (high sulfur) coal and residual oil feedstocks to produce clean liquid fuels on a commercial scale. Stone Webster is requested to perform a comparative technologies report for grassroot plants utilizing coal as a base fuel. In the case of Co-Processing technology the plant considered is the nth plant in a series of applications. This report presents the results of an economic comparison of this technology with other power generation technologies that use coal. Technologies evaluated were:Co-Processing integrated with simple cycle combustion turbine generators, (CSC); Co-Processing integrated with combined cycle combustion turbine generators, (CCC); pulverized coal-fired boiler with flue gas desulfurization and steam turbine generator, (PC) and Circulating fluidized bed boiler and steam turbine generator, (CFB). Conceptual designs were developed. Designs were based on approximately equivalent net electrical output for each technology. A base case of 310 MWe net for each technology was established. Sensitivity analyses at other net electrical output sizes varying from 220 MWe's to 1770 MWe's were also performed. 4 figs., 9 tabs.

  17. Accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Deborah A.; /Fermilab

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino oscillations were first discovered by experiments looking at neutrinos coming from extra-terrestrial sources, namely the sun and the atmosphere, but we will be depending on earth-based sources to take many of the next steps in this field. This article describes what has been learned so far from accelerator-based neutrino oscillation experiments, and then describe very generally what the next accelerator-based steps are. In section 2 the article discusses how one uses an accelerator to make a neutrino beam, in particular, one made from decays in flight of charged pions. There are several different neutrino detection methods currently in use, or under development. In section 3 these are presented, with a description of the general concept, an example of such a detector, and then a brief discussion of the outstanding issues associated with this detection technique. Finally, section 4 describes how the measurements of oscillation probabilities are made. This includes a description of the near detector technique and how it can be used to make the most precise measurements of neutrino oscillations.

  18. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PLANTATIONS FIGURE 2 BIOGAS PROCESS TL'BIOGAS _ANAERQBICf o r Other Data Bases >BIOGAS/TI,DE,ID BIO(W)GAS/TI,DE,IDSEARCHES Methane (or Biogas) Production from Agricultural

  19. A review and development of correlations for base pressure and base heating in supersonic flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamb, J.P. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Oberkampf, W.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive review of experimental base pressure and base heating data related to supersonic and hypersonic flight vehicles has been completed. Particular attention was paid to free-flight data as well as wind tunnel data for models without rear sting support. Using theoretically based correlation parameters, a series of internally consistent, empirical prediction equations has been developed for planar and axisymmetric geometries (wedges, cones, and cylinders). These equations encompass the speed range from low supersonic to hypersonic flow and laminar and turbulent forebody boundary layers. A wide range of cone and wedge angles and cone bluntness ratios was included in the data base used to develop the correlations. The present investigation also included preliminary studies of the effect of angle of attack and specific-heat ratio of the gas.

  20. An adaptive domain-independent agents-based tutor for Web-based supplemental learning environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemczyk, Steven, 1974-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Physics Interactive Video Tutor (PIVoT) is a Web-based multimedia resource for college-level Newtonian mechanics. The Personal Tutor (PT) is an intelligent tutoring system (ITS) integrated into PIVoT, assisting students ...

  1. Ethanol production using a soy hydrolysate-based medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention presents a method for the production of ethanol that utilizes a soy hydrolysate-based nutrient medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium nutrient medium in conjunction with ethanologenic bacteria and a fermentable sugar for the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. The invention offers several advantages over presently available media for use in ethanol production, including consistent quality, lack of toxins and wide availability.

  2. Surface-Based Analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    Surface-Based Analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data Theo G.M. van Erp1, Vikas Y School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Abstract. Surface-based visualization, atlases the integration of surface-based tech- niques with functional imaging data, combining surface-based nonlinear

  3. Wavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression and Mathematical Analysis of Sign Entropy CodingAnalysi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression and MathematicalWavelet Based Color Image Compression.olivier@univ-poitiers.fr Abstract One of the advantages of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) compared to Fourier Transform (e

  4. Mesoporous Carbon-based Materials for Alternative Energy Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, Kimberly Michelle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2011). Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologiesoption for a hydrogen-based infrastructure, and (5) cyclic

  5. Optimization Online - Passenger Name Record Data Mining Based ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolores Romero Morales

    2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 16, 2008 ... Passenger Name Record Data Mining Based Cancellation Forecasting for Revenue Management. Dolores Romero ...

  6. R163B -Eye movements and time-based selection Running head: EYE MOVEMENTS AND TIME-BASED SELECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inglis, Matthew

    R163B - Eye movements and time-based selection Running head: EYE MOVEMENTS AND TIME-BASED SELECTION Eye movements and time-based selection: Where do the eyes go in preview search? Derrick G. Watson.g.watson@warwick.ac.uk 1 #12;R163B - Eye movements and time-based selection Abstract In visual search tasks, presenting one

  7. Dynamic Allocation of a Domestic Heating Task to Gas-Based and Heatpump-Based Heating Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    Dynamic Allocation of a Domestic Heating Task to Gas-Based and Heatpump-Based Heating Agents Jan for a domestic heating task is introduced and analysed. The model includes two alternative heating agents (for gas-based heating and for heatpump-based heating), and a third allocation agent which determines

  8. Health Physics Positions Data Base: Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, G.D.; Borges, T.; Stafford, R.S.; Lu, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Carter, D. [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)] [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is a collection of NRC staff positions on a wide range of topics involving radiation protection (health physics). It consists of 328 documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports. The HPPOS Data Base was developed by the NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. Staff members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have assisted the NRC staff in summarizing the documents during the preparation of this NUREG report. These summaries are also being made available as a {open_quotes}stand alone{close_quotes} software package for IBM and IBM-compatible personal computers. The software package for this report is called HPPOS Version 2.0. A variety of indexing schemes were used to increase the usefulness of the NUREG report and its associated software. The software package and the summaries in the report are written in the context of the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} 10 CFR Part 20 ({section}{section}20.1001--20.2401). The purpose of this NUREG report is to allow interested individuals to familiarize themselves with the contents of the HPPOS Data Base and with the basis of many NRC decisions and regulations. The HPPOS summaries and original documents are intended to serve as a source of information for radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medicine, and other industries that either process or use nuclear materials.

  9. Tantalum-base composite solves corrosion problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Axler, K. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently available conventional corrosion-resistant materials can usually handle typical corrosion problems. However, some very harsh environments, such as those involving chlorine gas and some molten salts and liquid metals (calcium and plutonium), are too corrosive even for materials generally considered to have good corrosion resistance. The inability of crucibles and furnace hardware made of conventional corrosion-resistant materials to maintain their integrity in severely corrosive chemical processing environments led to a materials development project at Los Alamos to find a suitable material for these applications. The tantalum-base composite developed during the program provides the corrosion resistance for containment of various molten salt/metal systems.

  10. Optimization strategies in measurement based quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giulia Ferrini; Jonathan Roslund; Francesco Arzani; Yin Cai; Claude Fabre; Nicolas Treps

    2014-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This work introduces optimization strategies to continuous variable measurement based quantum computation (MBQC) at different levels. We provide a recipe for mitigating the effects of finite squeezing, which affect the production of cluster states and the result of a traditional MBQC. These strategies are readily implementable by several experimental groups. Furthermore, a more general scheme for MBQC is introduced that does not necessarily rely on the use of ancillary cluster states to achieve its aim, but rather on the detection of a resource state in a suitable mode basis followed by digital post-processing. A recipe is provided to optimize the adjustable parameters that are employed within this framework.

  11. Base metal dehydrogenation of amine-boranes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blacquiere, Johanna Marie (Ottawa, CA); Keaton, Richard Jeffrey (Pearland, TX); Baker, Ralph Thomas (Los Alamos, NM)

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of dehydrogenating an amine-borane having the formula R.sup.1H.sub.2N--BH.sub.2R.sup.2 using base metal catalyst. The method generates hydrogen and produces at least one of a [R.sup.1HN--BHR.sup.2].sub.m oligomer and a [R.sup.1N--BR.sup.2].sub.n oligomer. The method of dehydrogenating amine-boranes may be used to generate H.sub.2 for portable power sources, such as, but not limited to, fuel cells.

  12. Wavelet-Based Quantum Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhail V. Altaisky

    2007-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Euclidean quantum field theory for the fields $\\phi_{\\Delta x}(x)$, which depend on both the position $x$ and the resolution $\\Delta x$, constructed in SIGMA 2 (2006), 046, hep-th/0604170, on the base of the continuous wavelet transform, is considered. The Feynman diagrams in such a theory become finite under the assumption there should be no scales in internal lines smaller than the minimal of scales of external lines. This regularisation agrees with the existing calculations of radiative corrections to the electron magnetic moment. The transition from the newly constructed theory to a standard Euclidean field theory is achieved by integration over the scale arguments.

  13. Waveguide-based optical chemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grace, Karen M. (Ranchos de Taos, NM); Swanson, Basil I. (Los Alamos, NM); Honkanen, Seppo (Tucson, AZ)

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides an apparatus and method for highly selective and sensitive chemical sensing. Two modes of laser light are transmitted through a waveguide, refracted by a thin film host reagent coating on the waveguide, and analyzed in a phase sensitive detector for changes in effective refractive index. Sensor specificity is based on the particular species selective thin films of host reagents which are attached to the surface of the planar optical waveguide. The thin film of host reagents refracts laser light at different refractive indices according to what species are forming inclusion complexes with the host reagents.

  14. Proteotronics: Electronic devices based on proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Alfinito; L. Reggiani; J. Pousset

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The convergent interests of different scientific disciplines, from biochemistry to electronics, toward the investigation of protein electrical properties, has promoted the development of a novel bailiwick, the so called proteotronics. The main aim of proteotronics is to propose and achieve innovative electronic devices, based on the selective action of specific proteins. This paper gives a sketch of the fields of applications of proteotronics, by using as significant example the detection of a specific odorant molecule carried out by an olfactory receptor. The experiment is briefly reviewed and its theoretical interpretation given. Further experiments are envisioned and expected results discussed in the perspective of an experimental validation.

  15. Nonconvex programming techniques based on functional moments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jacques

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) August 1976 ABSTRACT Nonconvex Programming Techniques Based on Functional Moments. (August 1976) / / / Jacques Hartin, Ingenieur Civil des Telecommunications Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. H. 0. Hartley In order to evaluate the maximum f+ of a... = ? Atctg ~ 'j V. q V ~ = -tg P V. J We define in the same way (2. 4) V. -1 tg J 'V . J (2. 2) becomes ig . 1$ 1V. X. V 1V, X, V. A J J j J J J 2 Let e . = -1; e = 1, j = 1, 2, . . . , n oj A. = ? Z e j j j e v. is v. x. j' j'' e ! k=0 2...

  16. Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phalan, Ben

    Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels Ben Phalan Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK Email: btp22@cam.ac.uk Nobody likes to have limits put on their freedom. However, in all areas of life... of having to slow down is an acceptable price to pay if it reduces the number of pedestrians killed and injured. How is this relevant to biofuels? There are many different kinds of biofuels, including some with considerable potential to generate cleaner...

  17. Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton

    2006-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.

  18. Seismic metamaterials based on isochronous mechanical oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finocchio, G., E-mail: gfinocchio@unime.it; Garescì, F.; Azzerboni, B. [Department of Electronic Engineering, Industrial Chemistry and Engineering, University of Messina, C.da di Dio, I-98166 Messina (Italy); Casablanca, O.; Chiappini, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Via Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Roma (Italy); Ricciardi, G. [Department of Civil, Informatic, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering and Applied Mathematics, C.da di Dio, I-98166 Messina (Italy); Alibrandi, U. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter introduces a seismic metamaterial (SM) composed by a chain of mass-in-mass system able to filter the S-waves of an earthquake. We included the effect of the SM into the mono dimensional model for the soil response analysis. The SM modifies the soil behavior and in presence of an internal damping the amplitude of the soil amplification function is reduced also in a region near the resonance frequency. This SM can be realized by a continuous structure with inside a 3d-matrix of isochronous oscillators based on a sphere rolling over a cycloidal trajectory.

  19. Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fishbone, L.G.; Keisch, B.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The information contained in this catalog is needed to provide a data base for safeguards studies and to help establish criteria and procedures for international safeguards for nuclear materials and facilities. The catalog primarily presents information on new safeguards equipment. It also describes entire safeguards systems for certain facilities, but it does not describe the inspection procedures. Because IAEA safeguards do not include physical security, devices for physical protection (as opposed to containment and surveillance) are not included. An attempt has been made to list capital costs, annual maintenance costs, replacement costs, and useful lifetime for the equipment. For equipment which is commercially available, representative sources have been listed whenever available.

  20. Performance-Based Culture | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediation »Peer ReviewsPerformance-Based

  1. Model-Based Sampling and Inference

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of Fossil Energy,off)Thousand CubicWellheadModel-Based

  2. Attenuation Based Remedies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureComments from TarasaName Affiliation Ahern, MichaelAttenuation Based

  3. Ground-based Microwave Cloud Tomography

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heaton Armed ServicesGround-Based

  4. NAIS: Nuclear activation-based imaging spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Günther, M. M.; Britz, A.; Harres, K.; Hoffmeister, G.; Nürnberg, F.; Otten, A.; Pelka, A.; Roth, M. [Institut für Kernphysik, Schlossgartenstr. 9, Technische Universität Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Institut für Kernphysik, Schlossgartenstr. 9, Technische Universität Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Clarke, R. J. [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appelton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appelton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Vogt, K. [GSI – Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)] [GSI – Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the development of high power laser systems led to focussed intensities of more than 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2} at high pulse energies. Furthermore, both, the advanced high power lasers and the development of sophisticated laser particle acceleration mechanisms facilitate the generation of high energetic particle beams at high fluxes. The challenge of imaging detector systems is to acquire the properties of the high flux beam spatially and spectrally resolved. The limitations of most detector systems are saturation effects. These conventional detectors are based on scintillators, semiconductors, or radiation sensitive films. We present a nuclear activation-based imaging spectroscopy method, which is called NAIS, for the characterization of laser accelerated proton beams. The offline detector system is a combination of stacked metal foils and imaging plates (IP). After the irradiation of the stacked foils they become activated by nuclear reactions, emitting gamma decay radiation. In the next step, an autoradiography of the activated foils using IPs and an analysis routine lead to a spectrally and spatially resolved beam profile. In addition, we present an absolute calibration method for IPs.

  5. Fast Beam-Based BPM Calibration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertsche, K.; Loos, H.; Nuhn, H.-D.; Peters, F.; /SLAC

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Alignment Diagnostic System (ADS) of the LCLS undulator system indicates that the 33 undulator quadrupoles have extremely high position stability over many weeks. However, beam trajectory straightness and lasing efficiency degrade more quickly than this. A lengthy Beam Based Alignment (BBA) procedure must be executed every two to four weeks to re-optimize the X-ray beam parameters. The undulator system includes RF cavity Beam Position Monitors (RFBPMs), several of which are utilized by an automatic feedback system to align the incoming electron-beam trajectory to the undulator axis. The beam trajectory straightness degradation has been traced to electronic drifts of the gain and offset of the BPMs used in the beam feedback system. To quickly recover the trajectory straightness, we have developed a fast beam-based procedure to recalibrate the BPMs. This procedure takes advantage of the high-precision monitoring capability of the ADS, which allows highly repeatable positioning of undulator quadrupoles. This report describes the ADS, the position stability of the LCLS undulator quadrupoles, and some results of the new recovery procedure.

  6. Polymer-based platform for microfluidic systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benett, William (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Maghribi, Mariam (Livermore, CA); Hamilton, Julie (Tracy, CA); Rose, Klint (Boston, MA); Wang, Amy W. (Oakland, CA)

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming a polymer-based microfluidic system platform using network building blocks selected from a set of interconnectable network building blocks, such as wire, pins, blocks, and interconnects. The selected building blocks are interconnectably assembled and fixedly positioned in precise positions in a mold cavity of a mold frame to construct a three-dimensional model construction of a microfluidic flow path network preferably having meso-scale dimensions. A hardenable liquid, such as poly (dimethylsiloxane) is then introduced into the mold cavity and hardened to form a platform structure as well as to mold the microfluidic flow path network having channels, reservoirs and ports. Pre-fabricated elbows, T's and other joints are used to interconnect various building block elements together. After hardening the liquid the building blocks are removed from the platform structure to make available the channels, cavities and ports within the platform structure. Microdevices may be embedded within the cast polymer-based platform, or bonded to the platform structure subsequent to molding, to create an integrated microfluidic system. In this manner, the new microfluidic platform is versatile and capable of quickly generating prototype systems, and could easily be adapted to a manufacturing setting.

  7. Light sources based on semiconductor current filaments

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zutavern, Fred J. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Buttram, Malcolm T. (Sandia Park, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); O'Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Chow, Weng W. (Cedar Crest, NM); Vawter, G. Allen (Albuquerque, NM)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a new type of semiconductor light source that can produce a high peak power output and is not injection, e-beam, or optically pumped. The present invention is capable of producing high quality coherent or incoherent optical emission. The present invention is based on current filaments, unlike conventional semiconductor lasers that are based on p-n junctions. The present invention provides a light source formed by an electron-hole plasma inside a current filament. The electron-hole plasma can be several hundred microns in diameter and several centimeters long. A current filament can be initiated optically or with an e-beam, but can be pumped electrically across a large insulating region. A current filament can be produced in high gain photoconductive semiconductor switches. The light source provided by the present invention has a potentially large volume and therefore a potentially large energy per pulse or peak power available from a single (coherent) semiconductor laser. Like other semiconductor lasers, these light sources will emit radiation at the wavelength near the bandgap energy (for GaAs 875 nm or near infra red). Immediate potential applications of the present invention include high energy, short pulse, compact, low cost lasers and other incoherent light sources.

  8. Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

  9. Noise-based communication and computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laszlo B. Kish

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the speed-error-heat triangle and related problems with rapidly increasing energy dissipation and error rate during miniaturization. These and the independently growing need of unconditional data security have provoked non-conventional approaches in the physics of informatics. Noise-based informatics is a potentially promising possibility which is the way how biological brains process the information. Recently, it has been shown that thermal noise and its electronically enhanced versions (Johnson-like noises) can be utilized as information carrier with peculiar properties. Relevant examples are Zero power (stealth) communication, Unconditionally secure communication with Johnson(-like) noise and Kirchhoff loop and Noise-driven computing. The zero power communication utilizes the equilibrium background noise in the channel to transfer information. The unconditionally secure communication is based on the properties of Johnson(-like) noise and those of a simple Kirchhoff's loop. The scheme utilizes on the robustness of classical information and the second law of thermodynamics. It uncovers active eavesdropping within a single clock period (no error statistics is required) and it is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle attack. Further advantages of the scheme is that the circuitry can easily be integrated on computer chips, unconditionally secure computer processors, memories and other hardware can be realized.

  10. Graphene-based qubits in quantum communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Y. Wu; N. -Y. Lue

    2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the potential application of graphene-based qubits in photonic quantum communications. In particular, the valley pair qubit in double quantum dots of gapped graphene is investigated as a quantum memory in the implementation of quantum repeaters. For the application envisioned here, our work extends the recent study of the qubit (Wu et al., arXiv: 1104.0443; Phys. Rev. B 84, 195463 (2011)) to the case where the qubit is placed in a normal magnetic field-free configuration. It develops, for the configuration, a method of qubit manipulation, based on a unique AC electric field-induced, valley-orbit interaction-derived mechanism in gapped graphene. It also studies the optical response of graphene quantum dots in the configuration, in terms of valley excitation with respect to photonic polarization, and illustrates faithful photon \\leftrightarrow valley quantum state transfers. This work suggests the interesting prospect of an all-graphene approach for the solid state components of a quantum network, e.g., quantum computers and quantum memories in communications.

  11. Functional relationship-based alarm processing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corsberg, D.R.

    1988-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A functional relationship-based alarm processing system and method analyzes each alarm as it is activated and determines its relative importance with other currently activated alarms and signals in accordance with the functional relationships that the newly activated alarm has with other currently activated alarms. Once the initial level of importance of the alarm has been determined, that alarm is again evaluated if another related alarm is activated or deactivated. Thus, each alarm's importance is continuously updated as the state of the process changes during a scenario. Four hierarchical relationships are defined by this alarm filtering methodology: (1) level precursor (usually occurs when there are two alarm settings on the same parameter); (2) direct precursor (based on causal factors between two alarms); (3) required action (system response or action expected within a specified time following activation of an alarm or combination of alarms and process signals); and (4) blocking condition (alarms that are normally expected and are not considered important). The alarm processing system and method is sensitive to the dynamic nature of the process being monitored and is capable of changing the relative importance of each alarm as necessary. 12 figs.

  12. Cyclotron-based neutron source for BNCT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitsumoto, T.; Yajima, S.; Tsutsui, H.; Ogasawara, T.; Fujita, K. [Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd (Japan); Tanaka, H.; Sakurai, Y.; Maruhashi, A. [Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (Japan)

    2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute (KURRI) and Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. (SHI) have developed a cyclotron-based neutron source for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). It was installed at KURRI in Osaka prefecture. The neutron source consists of a proton cyclotron named HM-30, a beam transport system and an irradiation and treatment system. In the cyclotron, H- ions are accelerated and extracted as 30 MeV proton beams of 1 mA. The proton beams is transported to the neutron production target made by a beryllium plate. Emitted neutrons are moderated by lead, iron, aluminum and calcium fluoride. The aperture diameter of neutron collimator is in the range from 100 mm to 250 mm. The peak neutron flux in the water phantom is 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 109 neutrons/cm{sup 2}/sec at 20 mm from the surface at 1 mA proton beam. The neutron source have been stably operated for 3 years with 30 kW proton beam. Various pre-clinical tests including animal tests have been done by using the cyclotron-based neutron source with {sup 10}B-p-Borono-phenylalanine. Clinical trials of malignant brain tumors will be started in this year.

  13. Carbon based thirty six atom spheres

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piskoti, Charles R.; Zettl, Alex K.; Cohen, Marvin L.; Cote, Michel; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Louie, Steven G.

    2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid phase or form of carbon is based on fullerenes with thirty six carbon atoms (C.sub.36). The C.sub.36 structure with D.sub.6h symmetry is one of the two most energetically favorable, and is conducive to forming a periodic system. The lowest energy crystal is a highly bonded network of hexagonal planes of C.sub.36 subunits with AB stacking. The C.sub.36 solid is not a purely van der Waals solid, but has covalent-like bonding, leading to a solid with enhanced structural rigidity. The solid C.sub.36 material is made by synthesizing and selecting out C.sub.36 fullerenes in relatively large quantities. A C.sub.36 rich fullerene soot is produced in a helium environment arc discharge chamber by operating at an optimum helium pressure (400 torr). The C.sub.36 is separated from the soot by a two step process. The soot is first treated with a first solvent, e.g. toluene, to remove the higher order fullerenes but leave the C.sub.36. The soot is then treated with a second solvent, e.g. pyridine, which is more polarizable than the first solvent used for the larger fullerenes. The second solvent extracts the C.sub.36 from the soot. Thin films and powders can then be produced from the extracted C.sub.36. Other materials are based on C.sub.36 fullerenes, providing for different properties.

  14. Solid oxide MEMS-based fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowksi, Alan F.; Morse, Jeffrey D.

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) based thin-film fuel cells for electrical power applications. The MEMS-based fuel cell may be of a solid oxide type (SOFC), a solid polymer type (SPFC), or a proton exchange membrane type (PEMFC), and each fuel cell basically consists of an anode and a cathode separated by an electrolyte layer. The electrolyte layer can consist of either a solid oxide or solid polymer material, or proton exchange membrane electrolyte materials may be used. Additionally catalyst layers can also separate the electrodes (cathode and anode) from the electrolyte. Gas manifolds are utilized to transport the fuel and oxidant to each cell and provide a path for exhaust gases. The electrical current generated from each cell is drawn away with an interconnect and support structure integrated with the gas manifold. The fuel cells utilize integrated resistive heaters for efficient heating of the materials. By combining MEMS technology with thin-film deposition technology, thin-film fuel cells having microflow channels and full-integrated circuitry can be produced that will lower the operating temperature an will yield an order of magnitude greater power density than the currently known fuel cells.

  15. Solid polymer MEMS-based fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowski, Alan F. (Livermore, CA); Morse, Jeffrey D. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

    2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) based thin-film fuel cells for electrical power applications. The MEMS-based fuel cell may be of a solid oxide type (SOFC), a solid polymer type (SPFC), or a proton exchange membrane type (PEMFC), and each fuel cell basically consists of an anode and a cathode separated by an electrolyte layer. The electrolyte layer can consist of either a solid oxide or solid polymer material, or proton exchange membrane electrolyte materials may be used. Additionally catalyst layers can also separate the electrodes (cathode and anode) from the electrolyte. Gas manifolds are utilized to transport the fuel and oxidant to each cell and provide a path for exhaust gases. The electrical current generated from each cell is drawn away with an interconnect and support structure integrated with the gas manifold. The fuel cells utilize integrated resistive heaters for efficient heating of the materials. By combining MEMS technology with thin-film deposition technology, thin-film fuel cells having microflow channels and full-integrated circuitry can be produced that will lower the operating temperature an will yield an order of magnitude greater power density than the currently known fuel cells.

  16. Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Professor Kirk McDonald

    2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    "Project Title: Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Photons" DOE Contract Number: FG02-04ER41355 Principal Investigator: Prof. Kirk McDonald Period of Performance: 09/10/2004 thru 08/31/2006 This award was to fund Princeton's activity on SLAC experiment E166, "Undulator-Based Production of Polarized Positrons" which was performed at SLAC during June and September 2005. Princeton U. fabricated a magnetic spectrometer for this experiment, and participated in the commissioning, operation, and analysis of the experiment, for which Prof. McDonald was a co-spokesperson. The experiment demonstrated that an intense positron beam with 80% longitudinal polarization could be generated by conversion of MeVenergy circularly polarized photons in a thin target, which photons were generated by passage of high-energy electrons through a helical undulator. This technique has since been adopted as the baseline for the polarized positron source of the proposed International Linear Collider. Results of the experiment have been published in Physical Review Letters, vol 100, p 210801 (2008) [see attached .pdf file], and a longer paper is in preparation.

  17. Wire Position Monitoring with FPGA based Electronics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eddy, N.; Lysenko, O.; /Fermilab

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fall the first Tesla-style cryomodule cooldown test is being performed at Fermilab. Instrumentation department is preparing the electronics to handle the data from a set of wire position monitors (WPMs). For simulation purposes a prototype pipe with a WMP has been developed and built. The system is based on the measurement of signals induced in pickups by 320 MHz signal carried by a wire through the WPM. The wire is stretched along the pipe with a tensioning load of 9.07 kg. The WPM consists of four 50 {Omega} striplines spaced 90{sup o} apart. FPGA based digitizer scans the WPM and transmits the data to a PC via VME interface. The data acquisition is based on the PC running LabView. In order to increase the accuracy and convenience of the measurements some modifications were required. The first is implementation of an average and decimation filter algorithm in the integrator operation in the FPGA. The second is the development of alternative tool for WPM measurements in the PC. The paper describes how these modifications were performed and test results of a new design. The last cryomodule generation has a single chain of seven WPMs (placed in critical positions: at each end, at the three posts and between the posts) to monitor a cold mass displacement during cooldown. The system was developed in Italy in collaboration with DESY. Similar developments have taken place at Fermilab in the frame of cryomodules construction for SCRF research. This fall preliminary cryomodule cooldown test is being performed. In order to prepare an appropriate electronic system for the test a prototype pipe with a WMP has been developed and built, figure 1. The system is based on the measurement of signals induced in pickups by 320 MHz signal carried by a wire through the WPM. The 0.5 mm diameter Cu wire is stretched along the pipe with a tensioning load of 9.07 kg and has a length of 1.1 m. The WPM consists of four 50 {Omega} striplines spaced 90{sup o} apart. An FPGA based digitizer collects the WPM data and transmits it to the VME controller. The VME front-end processes the raw data to calculate positions and perform FFT. It is also provides the raw data to LabView running on a PC upon request. In order to increase the accuracy and convenience of the measurements some modifications were required. The first is connected with realization of average and decimation filter algorithm in the integrator operation in the FPGA. The second is connected with development of alternative tool for WPM measurements in the PC. We will discuss how these modifications were performed and test results of a new design.

  18. Amineborane Based Chemical Hydrogen Storage - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sneddon, Larry G.

    2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of efficient and safe methods for hydrogen storage is a major hurdle that must be overcome to enable the use of hydrogen as an alternative energy carrier. The objectives of this project in the DOE Center of Excellence in Chemical Hydride Storage were both to develop new methods for on-demand, low temperature hydrogen release from chemical hydrides and to design high-conversion off-board methods for chemical hydride regeneration. Because of their reactive protic (N-H) and hydridic (B-H) hydrogens and high hydrogen contents, amineboranes such as ammonia borane, NH3BH3 (AB), 19.6-wt% H2, and ammonia triborane NH3B3H7 (AT), 17.7-wt% H2, were initially identified by the Center as promising, high-capacity chemical hydrogen storage materials with the potential to store and deliver molecular hydrogen through dehydrogenation and hydrolysis reactions. In collaboration with other Center partners, the Penn project focused both on new methods to induce amineborane H2-release and on new strategies for the regeneration the amineborane spent-fuel materials. The Penn approach to improving amineborane H2-release focused on the use of ionic liquids, base additives and metal catalysts to activate AB dehydrogenation and these studies successfully demonstrated that in ionic liquids the AB induction period that had been observed in the solid-state was eliminated and both the rate and extent of AB H2-release were significantly increased. These results have clearly shown that, while improvements are still necessary, many of these systems have the potential to achieve DOE hydrogen-storage goals. The high extent of their H2­-release, the tunability of both their H2 materials weight-percents and release rates, and their product control that is attained by either trapping or suppressing unwanted volatile side products, such as borazine, continue to make AB/ionic­-liquid based systems attractive candidates for chemical hydrogen storage applications. These studies also demonstrated that H2-­release from chemical hydrides can occur by a number of different mechanistic pathways and strongly suggest that optimal chemical ­hydride based H2­release systems may require the use of synergistic dehydrogenation methods to induce H2­-loss from chemically different intermediates formed during release reactions. The efficient regeneration of ammonia borane from BNHx spent fuel is one of the most challenging problems that will have to be overcome in order to utilize AB-based hydrogen storage. Three Center partners, LANL, PNNL and Penn, each took different complimentary approaches to AB regeneration. The Penn approach focused on a strategy involving spent-fuel digestion with superacidic acids to produce boron-halides (BX3) that could then be converted to AB by coordination/reduction/displacement processes. While the Penn boron-halide reduction studies successfully demonstrated that a dialkylsulfide-based coordination/reduction/displacement process gave quantitative conversions of BBr3 to ammonia borane with efficient and safe product separations, the fact that AB spent-fuels could not be digested in good yields to BX3 halides led to a No-Go decision on this overall AB-regeneration strategy.

  19. Manganese-Based Magnets: Manganese-Based Permanent Magnet with 40 MGOe at 200°C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REACT Project: PNNL is working to reduce the cost of wind turbines and EVs by developing a manganese-based nano-composite magnet that could serve as an inexpensive alternative to rare-earth-based magnets. The manganese composite, made from low-cost and abundant materials, could exceed the performance of today’s most powerful commercial magnets at temperature higher than 200°C. Members of PNNL’s research team will leverage comprehensive computer high-performance supercomputer modeling and materials testing to meet this objective. Manganese-based magnets could withstand higher temperatures than their rare earth predecessors and potentially reduce the need for any expensive, bulky engine cooling systems for the motor and generator. This would further contribute to cost savings for both EVs and wind turbines.

  20. Papers Based Electrochemical Biosensors: From Test Strips to Paper-Based Microfluidics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Bingwen; Du, Dan; Hua, Xin; Yu, Xiao-Ying; Lin, Yuehe

    2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Papers based biosensors such as lateral flow test strips and paper-based microfluidic devices (or paperfluidics) are inexpensive, rapid, flexible, and easy-to-use analytical tools. An apparent trend in their detection is to interpret sensing results from qualitative assessment to quantitative determination. Electrochemical detection plays an important role in quantification. This review focuses on electrochemical (EC) detection enabled biosensors. The first part provides detailed examples in paper test strips. The second part gives an overview of paperfluidics engaging EC detections. The outlook and recommendation of future directions of EC enabled biosensors are discussed in the end.

  1. Tape-Drive Based Plasma Mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sokollik, Thomas; Shiraishi, Satomi; Osterhoff, Jens; Evans, Eugene; Gonsalves, Anthony; Nakamura, Kei; vanTilborg, Jeroen; Lin, Chen; Toth, Csaba; Leemans, Wim

    2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present experimental results on a tape-drive based plasma mirror which could be used for a compact coupling of a laser beam into a staged laser driven electron accelerator. This novel kind of plasma mirror is suitable for high repetition rates and for high number of laser shots. In order to design a compact, staged laser plasma based accelerator or collider [1], the coupling of the laser beam into the different stages represents one of the key issues. To limit the spatial foot print and thus to realize a high overall acceleration gradient, a concept has to be found which realizes this in-coupling within a few centimeters (cf. Fig 1). The fluence of the laser pulse several centimeters away from the acceleration stage (focus) exceeds the damage threshold of any available mirror coating. Therefore, in reference [2] a plasma mirror was suggested for this purpose. We present experiments on a tape-drive based plasma mirror which could be used to reflect the focused laser beam into the acceleration stage. Plasma mirrors composed of antireflection coated glass substrates are usually used to improve the temporal laser contrast of laser pulses by several orders of magnitudes [3,4]. This is particularly important for laser interaction with solid matter, such as ion acceleration [5,6] and high harmonic generation on surfaces [7]. Therefore, the laser pulse is weekly focused onto a substrate. The main pulse generates a plasma and is reflected at the critical surface, whereas the low intensity pre-pulse (mainly the Amplified Spontaneous Emission pedestal) will be transmitted through the substrate before the mirror has been triggered. Several publications [3,4] demonstrate a conservation of the spatial beam quality and a reflectivity of about 70 %. The drawback of this technique is the limited repetition rate since for every shot a fresh surface has to be provided. In the past years several novel approaches for high repetition rate plasma mirrors have been developed [2, 8]. Nevertheless, for the staged accelerator scheme a second important requirement has to be considered. Since the electron beam has to propagate through the mirror, the thickness of the substrate has to be as thin as possible to reduce the distortion of the electron beam. A tape of only several micrometer thickness can overcome these disadvantages. It can be used with a sufficient repetition rate while it allows the electron beam to propagate through with a minimum of scattering.

  2. Comparison of MRI-based and CT/MRI fusion-based postimplant dosimetric analysis of prostate brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Osamu [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan)]. E-mail: osa-mu@umin.ac.jp; Hayashi, Shinya [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Matsuo, Masayuki [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Sakurai, Kota [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Department of Urology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Nakano, Masahiro [Department of Urology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Maeda, Sunaho [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Kajita, Kimihiro R.T. [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Deguchi, Takashi [Department of Urology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan); Hoshi, Hiroaki [Department of Radiology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu City (Japan)

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and computed tomography (CT)/MRI fusion-based postimplant dosimetry methods in permanent prostate brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: Between October 2004 and March 2006, a total of 52 consecutive patients with prostate cancer were treated by brachytherapy, and postimplant dosimetry was performed using CT/MRI fusion. The accuracy and reproducibility were prospectively compared between MRI-based dosimetry and CT/MRI fusion-based dosimetry based on the dose-volume histogram (DVH) related parameters as recommended by the American Brachytherapy Society. Results: The prostate volume was 15.97 {+-} 6.17 cc (mean {+-} SD) in MRI-based dosimetry, and 15.97 {+-} 6.02 cc in CT/MRI fusion-based dosimetry without statistical difference. The prostate V100 was 94.5% and 93.0% in MRI-based and CT/MRI fusion-based dosimetry, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.002). The prostate D90 was 119.4% and 114.4% in MRI-based and CT/MRI fusion-based dosimetry, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.004). Conclusion: Our current results suggested that, as with fusion images, MR images allowed accurate contouring of the organs, but they tended to overestimate the analysis of postimplant dosimetry in comparison to CT/MRI fusion images. Although this MRI-based dosimetric discrepancy was negligible, MRI-based dosimetry was acceptable and reproducible in comparison to CT-based dosimetry, because the difference between MRI-based and CT/MRI fusion-based results was smaller than that between CT-based and CT/MRI fusion-based results as previously reported.

  3. Nanowire-based All Oxide Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang*, Benjamin D. Yuhas and Peidong; Yang, Peidong

    2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an all-oxide solar cell fabricated from vertically oriented zinc oxide nanowires and cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solar cell consists of vertically oriented n-type zinc oxide nanowires, surrounded by a film constructed from p-type cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solution-based synthesis of inexpensive and environmentally benign oxide materials in a solar cell would allow for the facile production of large-scale photovoltaic devices. We found that the solar cell performance is enhanced with the addition of an intermediate oxide insulating layer between the nanowires and the nanoparticles. This observation of the important dependence of the shunt resistance on the photovoltaic performance is widely applicable to any nanowire solar cell constructed with the nanowire array in direct contact with one electrode.

  4. Self-Index Based on LZ77

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreft, Sebastian

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the first self-index based on the Lempel-Ziv 1977 compression format (LZ77). It is particularly competitive for highly repetitive text collections such as sequence databases of genomes of related species, software repositories, versioned document collections, and temporal text databases. Such collections are extremely compressible but classical self-indexes fail to capture that source of compressibility. Our self-index takes in practice a few times the space of the text compressed with LZ77 (as little as 2.6 times), extracts 1--2 million characters of the text per second, and finds patterns at a rate of 10--50 microseconds per occurrence. It is smaller (up to one half) than the best current self-index for repetitive collections, and faster in many cases.

  5. Activated, coal-based carbon foam

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, Darren Kenneth; Plucinski, Janusz Wladyslaw

    2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An ablation resistant, monolithic, activated, carbon foam produced by the activation of a coal-based carbon foam through the action of carbon dioxide, ozone or some similar oxidative agent that pits and/or partially oxidizes the carbon foam skeleton, thereby significantly increasing its overall surface area and concurrently increasing its filtering ability. Such activated carbon foams are suitable for application in virtually all areas where particulate or gel form activated carbon materials have been used. Such an activated carbon foam can be fabricated, i.e. sawed, machined and otherwise shaped to fit virtually any required filtering location by simple insertion and without the need for handling the "dirty" and friable particulate activated carbon foam materials of the prior art.

  6. Nonlinear transmission line based electron beam driver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    French, David M.; Hoff, Brad W.; Tang Wilkin; Heidger, Susan; Shiffler, Don [Directed Energy Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States); Allen-Flowers, Jordan [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gated field emission cathodes can provide short electron pulses without the requirement of laser systems or cathode heating required by photoemission or thermionic cathodes. The large electric field requirement for field emission to take place can be achieved by using a high aspect ratio cathode with a large field enhancement factor which reduces the voltage requirement for emission. In this paper, a cathode gate driver based on the output pulse train from a nonlinear transmission line is experimentally demonstrated. The application of the pulse train to a tufted carbon fiber field emission cathode generates short electron pulses. The pulses are approximately 2 ns in duration with emission currents of several mA, and the train contains up to 6 pulses at a frequency of 100 MHz. Particle-in-cell simulation is used to predict the characteristic of the current pulse train generated from a single carbon fiber field emission cathode using the same technique.

  7. Fluorescence based chemical sensors for corrosion detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R.E. [LeTourneau Univ., Longview, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Agarwala, V.S. [Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Div., Patuxent River, MD (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several fluorescent materials have been identified as possible corrosion sensing coatings. These are either redox or metal ion complex materials. The redox materials are nonfluorescent in the reduced state and become fluorescent upon oxidation. Incorporated into paint coatings, they provide an early warning of corrosive conditions at the metal or alloy surface. The metal ion complex materials only fluoresce when the organic compound complexes with metal ions such as those generated in corrosion reactions. Fluorescent materials have been incorporated into paint coatings and on metal surfaces for the detection of corrosion. Oxine reacts with aluminum oxide on corroded aluminum to give a fluorescence that can be photographed in UV light. Several other materials were found to have good fluorescence but cannot be reversibly oxidized or reduced at the present time. More work will be done with these compounds as well as with Schiff bases to develop new fluorescent chemical sensing materials for smart coating on alloy surfaces.

  8. SES Performance-Based Pay Increase

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive’s individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an acceptable (“Fully Successful” or better) annual summary rating will be eligible to receive a discretionary performance-based pay increase. Pay increases that advance an executive's position in the SES rate range restart the clock under the 12-month rule.

  9. Energy Band Model Based on Effective Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viktor Ariel

    2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we demonstrate an alternative method of deriving an isotropic energy band model using a one-dimensional definition of the effective mass and experimentally observed dependence of mass on energy. We extend the effective mass definition to anti-particles and particles with zero rest mass. We assume an often observed linear dependence of mass on energy and derive a generalized non-parabolic energy-momentum relation. The resulting non-parabolicity leads to velocity saturation at high particle energies. We apply the energy band model to free relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials and obtain commonly used dispersion relations and experimentally confirmed effective masses. We apply the model to zero rest mass particles in graphene and propose using the effective mass for photons. Therefore, it appears that the new energy band model based on the effective mass can be applied to relativistic particles and carriers in solid state materials.

  10. Black Hole Thermodynamics Based on Unitary Evolutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Yu-Lei

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we try to construct black hole thermodynamics based on the fact that, the formation and evaporation of a black hole can be described by quantum unitary evolutions. First, we show that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy $S_{BH}$ cannot be a Boltzmann or thermal entropy. To confirm this statement, we show that the original black hole's "first law" cannot be treated as the first law of thermodynamics formally, due to some missing metric perturbations caused by matter. Then, by including those (quantum) metric perturbations, we show that the black hole formation and evaporation can be described in a unitary manner effectively, through a quantum channel between the exterior and interior of the event horizon. In this way, the paradoxes of information loss and firewall can be resolved effectively. Finally, we show that black hole thermodynamics can be constructed in an ordinary way, by constructing statistical mechanics.

  11. Big Crunch-based omnidirectional light concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor I. Smolyaninov; Yu-Ju Hung

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Omnidirectional light concentration remains an unsolved problem despite such important practical applications as design of efficient mobile photovoltaic cells. Optical black hole designs developed recently offer partial solution to this problem. However, even these solutions are not truly omnidirectional since they do not exhibit a horizon, and at large enough incidence angles light may be trapped into quasi-stationary orbits around such imperfect optical black holes. Here we propose and realize experimentally another gravity-inspired design of a broadband omnidirectional light concentrator based on the cosmological Big Crunch solutions. By mimicking the Big Crunch spacetime via corresponding effective optical metric we make sure that every photon world line terminates in a single point.

  12. Model based control of a coke battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stone, P.M.; Srour, J.M.; Zulli, P. [BHP Research, Mulgrave (Australia). Melbourne Labs.; Cunningham, R.; Hockings, K. [BHP Steel, Pt Kembla, New South Wales (Australia). Coal and Coke Technical Development Group

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a model-based strategy for coke battery control at BHP Steel`s operations in Pt Kembla, Australia. The strategy uses several models describing the battery thermal and coking behavior. A prototype controller has been installed on the Pt Kembla No. 6 Battery (PK6CO). In trials, the new controller has been well accepted by operators and has resulted in a clear improvement in battery thermal stability, with a halving of the standard deviation of average battery temperature. Along with other improvements to that battery`s operations, this implementation has contributed to a 10% decrease in specific battery energy consumption. A number of enhancements to the low level control systems on that battery are currently being undertaken in order to realize further benefits.

  13. Quantum Latin squares and unitary error bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Musto; Jamie Vicary

    2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce quantum Latin squares, combinatorial quantum objects which generalize classical Latin squares, and investigate their applications in quantum computer science. Our main results are on applications to unitary error bases (UEBs), basic structures in quantum information which lie at the heart of procedures such as teleportation, dense coding and error correction. We present a new method for constructing a UEB from a quantum Latin square equipped with extra data. Developing construction techniques for UEBs has been a major activity in quantum computation, with three primary methods proposed: shift-and-multiply, Hadamard, and algebraic. We show that our new approach simultaneously generalizes the shift-and-multiply and Hadamard methods. Furthermore, we explicitly construct a UEB using our technique which we prove cannot be obtained from any of these existing methods.

  14. Processing data base information having nonwhite noise

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Morreale, Patricia (Park Ridge, IL)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system for processing a set of data from an industrial process and/or a sensor. The method and system can include processing data from either real or calculated data related to an industrial process variable. One of the data sets can be an artificial signal data set generated by an autoregressive moving average technique. After obtaining two data sets associated with one physical variable, a difference function data set is obtained by determining the arithmetic difference between the two pairs of data sets over time. A frequency domain transformation is made of the difference function data set to obtain Fourier modes describing a composite function data set. A residual function data set is obtained by subtracting the composite function data set from the difference function data set and the residual function data set (free of nonwhite noise) is analyzed by a statistical probability ratio test to provide a validated data base.

  15. Absolute absorption spectroscopy based on molecule interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Nimmrichter; Klaus Hornberger; Hendrik Ulbricht; Markus Arndt

    2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new method to measure the absolute photon absorption cross section of neutral molecules in a molecular beam. It is independent of our knowledge of the particle beam density, nor does it rely on photo-induced fragmentation or ionization. The method is based on resolving the recoil resulting from photon absorption by means of near-field matter-wave interference, and it thus applies even to very dilute beams with low optical densities. Our discussion includes the possibility of internal state conversion as well as fluorescence. We assess the influence of various experimental uncertainties and show that the measurement of absolute absorption cross sections is conceivable with high precision and using existing technologies.

  16. Lanthanide-halide based humidity indicators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beitz, James V. (Hinsdale, IL); Williams, Clayton W. (Chicago, IL)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses a lanthanide-halide based humidity indicator and method of producing such indicator. The color of the present invention indicates the humidity of an atmosphere to which it is exposed. For example, impregnating an adsorbent support such as silica gel with an aqueous solution of the europium-containing reagent solution described herein, and dehydrating the support to dryness forms a substance with a yellow color. When this substance is exposed to a humid atmosphere the water vapor from the air is adsorbed into the coating on the pore surface of the silica gel. As the water content of the coating increases, the visual color of the coated silica gel changes from yellow to white. The color change is due to the water combining with the lanthanide-halide complex on the pores of the gel.

  17. Antimony Based III-V Thermophotovoltaic Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CA Wang

    2004-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Antimony-based III-V thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells are attractive converters for systems with low radiator temperature around 1100 to 1700 K, since these cells potentially can be spectrally matched to the thermal source. Cells under development include GaSb and the lattice-matched GaInAsSb/GaSb and InPAsSb/InAs quaternary systems. GaSb cell technology is the most mature, owing in part to the relative ease in preparation of the binary alloy compared to quaternary GaInAsSb and InPAsSb alloys. Device performance of 0.7-eV GaSb cells exceeds 90% of the practical limit. GaInAsSb TPV cells have been the primary focus of recent research, and cells with energy gap E{sub g} ranging from {approx}0.6 to 0.49 eV have been demonstrated. Quantum efficiency and fill factor approach theoretical limits. Open-circuit voltage factor is as high as 87% of the practical limit for the higher-E{sub g} cells, but degrades to below 80% with decreasing E{sub g} of the alloy, which might be due to Auger recombination. InPAsSb cells are the least studied, and a cell with E{sub g} = 0.45-eV has extended spectral response out to 4.3 {micro}m. This paper briefly reviews the main contributions that have been made for antimonide-based TPV cells, and suggests additional studies for further performance enhancements.

  18. Sensor-based demand controlled ventilation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Almeida, A.T. [Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal). Dep. Eng. Electrotecnica; Fisk, W.J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most buildings, occupancy and indoor pollutant emission rates vary with time. With sensor-based demand-controlled ventilation (SBDCV), the rate of ventilation (i.e., rate of outside air supply) also varies with time to compensate for the changes in pollutant generation. In other words, SBDCV involves the application of sensing, feedback and control to modulate ventilation. Compared to ventilation without feedback, SBDCV offers two potential advantages: (1) better control of indoor pollutant concentrations; and (2) lower energy use and peak energy demand. SBDCV has the potential to improve indoor air quality by increasing the rate of ventilation when indoor pollutant generation rates are high and occupants are present. SBDCV can also save energy by decreasing the rate of ventilation when indoor pollutant generation rates are low or occupants are absent. After providing background information on indoor air quality and ventilation, this report provides a relatively comprehensive discussion of SBDCV. Topics covered in the report include basic principles of SBDCV, sensor technologies, technologies for controlling air flow rates, case studies of SBDCV, application of SBDCV to laboratory buildings, and research needs. SBDCV appears to be an increasingly attractive technology option. Based on the review of literature and theoretical considerations, the application of SBDCV has the potential to be cost-effective in applications with the following characteristics: (a) a single or small number of dominant pollutants, so that ventilation sufficient to control the concentration of the dominant pollutants provides effective control of all other pollutants; (b) large buildings or rooms with unpredictable temporally variable occupancy or pollutant emission; and (c) climates with high heating or cooling loads or locations with expensive energy.

  19. Towards a Uniform Description of Several Group Based Cryptographic Primitives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    key system based on braid groups and the MOR cryptosystem. 1 Introduction The security of many information retrieval (PIR) system based on any subgroup membership problem is described. It is worth

  20. Development of a Robust Accelerometer-based Start of Combustion...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    a Robust Accelerometer-based Start of Combustion Sensing System Development of a Robust Accelerometer-based Start of Combustion Sensing System Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office...

  1. Market-based approach for improving ship air emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donatelli, Matthew (Matthew Alfred)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study considered how appropriate different market-based approaches are for the reduction of ship air emissions, particularly CO2. Furthermore, the study also considered which types of market-based tools may be available ...

  2. electricity rates for military bases | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electricity rates for military bases Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi, I was hoping to find rates for military bases, but have been unable to find anything. Are they just charged as...

  3. Base Oil Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020,Research Reports...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    base-oils-lubes-market.html This report includes the key market dynamics affecting the demand for base oil globally. As a part of our market dynamics analysis, we have analyzed...

  4. Supporting Collaboration through Semantic-based Work and Constraint Solving 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Y-H; Hui, K-Y; Preece, A.D; Gray, P.M.D; Tate, Austin

    This paper describes our efforts to provide a collaborative problem solving architecture driven by semantic-based workflow orchestration and constraint problem solving. These technologies are based on shared ontologies ...

  5. Performance Analysis of Accumulator-based Revocation Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Performance Analysis of Accumulator-based Revocation Mechanisms Jorn Lapon1, Markulf Kohlweiss3 issues is the efficient revocation of anonymous credentials. Currently, accumulator based re- vocation- cations. Keywords: Anonymous Credentials, Revocation, Accumulators 1 Introduction In an increasing

  6. authoring program based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    authorization 3 with simplified content Cook, William R. 6 Authority-based keyword search in databases CiteSeer Summary: The ObjectRank system applies authority-based ranking...

  7. Ris-R-1284(EN) A Web-Based -Multimedia -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1284(EN) CHMI-02-01 A Web-Based - Multimedia - Collaboratory Empirical Work Studies in Film and preservation of films through a distributed multimedia repository. The collaboratory will provide web- based

  8. Team Identity and Performance-based Compensation Effects on Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blazovich, Janell L.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ). Results indicate that while the combination of team and individual performance-based compensation results in the highest performance, the incremental performance boost is higher from the first performance-based reward strategy, regardless of whether...

  9. Distributed Multivariate Regression Using Wavelet-based Collective Data Mining.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kargupta, Hilol

    an approach to the analysis of distributed, heterogeneous databases with distinct feature spacesDistributed Multivariate Regression Using Wavelet-based Collective Data Mining. Daryl E a method for distributed multivariate regression using wavelet- based Collective Data Mining (CDM

  10. Etherthreads : an infrastructure for location-based messages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lassey, Bradford, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes an infrastructure for location-based services for Bluetooth enabled cellular phones. Specifically, it explores the use of this architecture in a location-based messaging application. A user can send ...

  11. PageRank Based Clustering of Hypertext Document Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avrachenkov, Konstantin

    are K-means clustering, Informa- tion Bottleneck based clustering and Contextual Document Clustering with high modularity and coverage. The comparison of the PRC algorithm with two content based clustering

  12. atrophy patterns based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decentralised Evaluation of Temporal Patterns over Component-based Systems at Runtime Olga of control loops. It extends the work on the adaptation of component-based systems at...

  13. Computer Vision Based Navigation for Spacecraft Proximity Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Miller February 2010 SSL # 1-10 #12;#12;Computer Vision Based Navigation for Spacecraft Proximity Operations Brent E. Tweddle, David W. Miller February 2010 SSL # 1-10 This work is based on the unaltered

  14. acid based black: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    industrially by liquid 19 Black-Box Identification for PLC based MPC of a Binary Distillation Column Engineering Websites Summary: Black-Box Identification for PLC based MPC of...

  15. Natural Heritage Inventory of Schriever Air Force Base,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Heritage Inventory of Schriever Air Force Base, El Paso County, Colorado Colorado Natural-491-1309 July 2000 #12;Natural Heritage Inventory of Schriever Air Force Base, El Paso County, Colorado Prepared

  16. Natural Heritage Inventory of Buckley Air National Guard Base,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Heritage Inventory of Buckley Air National Guard Base, Arapahoe County, Colorado Colorado-491-1309 July 2000 #12;Natural Heritage Inventory of Buckley Air National Guard Base, Arapahoe County, Colorado

  17. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK BASED CONTROL SYSTEM CONCIDERING COMMUNICATION COST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK BASED CONTROL SYSTEM CONCIDERING COMMUNICATION COST Yutaka Iino* Takeshi for wireless sensor network based control system, minimizing communication energy consumption. Some control, wireless sensor network technology has been developed rapidly, and various applications to control system

  18. Condition-Based Maintenance via Simulation and a Targeted Bayesian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Gal, Irad E.

    malfunctioning. Accordingly, it is essential to undertake an effective preventive maintenance (PM) policyCondition-Based Maintenance via Simulation and a Targeted Bayesian Network Metamodel Aviv Gruber, Israel ABSTRACT Condition-based maintenance (CBM) is increasingly applied to operational systems

  19. An MDA approach to tame component based software development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    FMCO'03 An MDA approach to tame component based software development Jean-Marc Jézéquel, Olivier- ture (MDA) can be used in relation with component based software engineer- ing. A software component

  20. SEE Action Webinar on Community-Based Social Marketing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network, this webinar will describe community-based social marketing as a behavior-based approach for developing energy efficiency programs.

  1. Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects March 24, 2010 - 4:58pm Addthis The...

  2. Web-Based Services for Building Energy Management - WEBE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paiho, S.; Pietilainen, J.; Ala-Juusela, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nowadays, internet can be accessed anywhere, and www-based applications are widespread. Utilizing internet also for energy management and commissioning purposes will be a future trend. A web-based service for building energy management, called Web...

  3. Manipulation of bacteria using three dimensional insulator based dielectrophoresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braff, William Allan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) is a very promising technique for sorting microparticles based on their electrical properties. By using constrictions in a microchannel to generate large electric field gradients, ...

  4. Design Automation for Microfluidics-Based KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Design Automation for Microfluidics-Based Biochips KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University and JUN ZENG Coventor, Inc. Advances in microfluidics technology offer exciting possibilities in the realm, implantable drug delivery devices, and environmental toxicity monitoring. Microfluidics-based biochips

  5. Local alignment of generalized k-base encoded DNA sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homer, Nils; Nelson, Stanley F; Merriman, Barry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    k-base encoded DNA sequence BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:347similarities in the amino acid sequence of two proteins. Jof two-base encoded DNA sequence. BMC Bioinformatics 2009,

  6. Streamline-based production data integration in naturally fractured reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Harbi, Mishal H.

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Streamline-based models have shown great potential in reconciling high resolution geologic models to production data. In this work we extend the streamline-based production data integration technique to naturally fractured reservoirs. We use a...

  7. Method for rapid base sequencing in DNA and RNA

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jett, J.H.; Keller, R.A.; Martin, J.C.; Moyzis, R.K.; Ratliff, R.L.; Shera, E.B.; Stewart, C.C.

    1990-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is provided for the rapid base sequencing of DNA or RNA fragments wherein a single fragment of DNA or RNA is provided with identifiable bases and suspended in a moving flow stream. An exonuclease sequentially cleaves individual bases from the end of the suspended fragment. The moving flow stream maintains the cleaved bases in an orderly train for subsequent detection and identification. In a particular embodiment, individual bases forming the DNA or RNA fragments are individually tagged with a characteristic fluorescent dye. The train of bases is then excited to fluorescence with an output spectrum characteristic of the individual bases. Accordingly, the base sequence of the original DNA or RNA fragment can be reconstructed. 2 figs.

  8. Drug Discovery and Development from Marine Biology-Based Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Drug Discovery and Development from Marine Biology- Based Research Oceanyx Pharmaceuticals is a novel drug discovery and development company that leverages marine biology-based natural identified two lead candidates, largazole and apratoxin, as potential drug candidates for the treatment

  9. acid-base imbalance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acid generates a material (PE-C02H Deutch, John 59 Acid-Based Synthesis of Monodisperse Rare-Earth-Doped Colloidal SiO2 Spheres Materials Science Websites Summary: Acid-Based...

  10. Team Identity and Performance-based Compensation Effects on Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blazovich, Janell L.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates whether team members work harder and perform better when they are compensated based on both team and individual performance than when compensated based on team or individual performance alone and whether teammates...

  11. Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Control Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. ft07sluder.pdf More Documents & Publications Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Control Technologies Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels:...

  12. Feature-based Analysis of Plasma-based Particle Acceleration Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruebel, Oliver; Geddes, Cameron G.R.; Chen, Min; Cormier-Michel, Estelle; Bethel, E. Wes

    2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma-based particle accelerators can produce and sustain thousands of times stronger acceleration fields than conventional particle accelerators, providing a potential solution to the problem of the growing size and cost of conventional particle accelerators. To facilitate scientific knowledge discovery from the ever growing collections of accelerator simulation data generated by accelerator physicists to investigate next-generation plasma-based particle accelerator designs, we describe a novel approach for automatic detection and classification of particle beams and beam substructures due to temporal differences in the acceleration process, here called acceleration features. The automatic feature detection in combination with a novel visualization tool for fast, intuitive, query-based exploration of acceleration features enables an effective top-down data exploration process, starting from a high-level, feature-based view down to the level of individual particles. We describe the application of our analysis in practice to analyze simulations of single pulse and dual and triple colliding pulse accelerator designs, and to study the formation and evolution of particle beams, to compare substructures of a beam and to investigate transverse particle loss.

  13. A Hybrid Rule-Based/Case-Based Reasoning Approach for Service Fault Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    affecting the service quality and a reasonable balance between the fault management effort and the costs of network and systems management. Our hybrid architecture consists of a rule-based reasoning module, whose in opposition to network and systems management. While the events that are encountered in network and systems

  14. The Economic Importance of New Hampshire's Forest-Based Economy FOREST-BASED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    forests and trees are to our state's economy. While the statistics in this publication focus on economic Acknowledgements: Funding for this report was provided by the Public Service Company of NH and the U.S. Endowment products manufacturing, pulp and paper manufacturing, wood energy, and the forest-based recreational

  15. Reference-based vs. task-based evaluation of human language technology Andrei Popescu-Belis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the three types of evaluation synthesized in the ISO/IEC 9126 and 14598 standards ­ internal, external-based evaluation, for a smaller cost (Section 9). 2222.... Types of evaluation according to ISO The ISO/IEC that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs" (ISO/IEC, 2001 : p. 11). According to ISO/IEC

  16. Audio-based Head Motion Synthesis for Avatar-based Telepresence Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busso, Carlos

    ]: Three Dimensional Graphics and Realism-Animation, Virtual Reality; I.2.6 [Artificial Intelligence, Design, Experimentation, Human Factors Keywords Computer Graphics, Facial Animation, Data-driven, Head- thesis technique is presented for avatar-based telepresence systems. First, head motion of a human

  17. Environmental Analysis of the Coal-based Power Production with Amine-based Carbon Capture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Based on LCA methodology the study examines the operation of six coal power plants, which differ by the expected efficiency parameters for the year 2020: (1) Coal plant2005: pulverized coal power plant already operating in 2005 (2) Coal plant2010: pulverized coal power plant installed in 2010 (3) Coal plant2020

  18. NutrientNet: An Internet-Based Approach to Teaching Market-Based Policy for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Richard T.

    with excessive nutrient loadings, most often from agriculture and other nonpoint sources. The implementation of total maximum daily load (TMDL) programs has been widespread in watershed-based management plans. The environmental setting also can be used as a case study. In NutrientNet, we set up the profiles of sources

  19. Zone-Based Shortest Positioning Time First Scheduling for MEMS-Based Storage Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ethan L.

    , and power consumption an order of magnitude lower. Previous re- search has examined data layout and request drives, storage densities 10 times greater, and power consumption an order of magnitude lower. MEMS other using MEMS actuators, each read/write head can access a region of the surface. MEMS- based storage

  20. Linearity Improvement ofHBT-based Doherty Power Amplifiers Based on a Simple Analytical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asbeck, Peter M.

    model is based on linear and nonlinear components extracted from a VBIC model for Skyworks InGaP values were extracted from a device model for a Skyworks advanced InGaP/GaAs HBT, using ADS in harmonic

  1. DEVELOPMENTAL LEARNING FOR VISION-BASED NAVIGATION, ATTENTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -BASED NAVIGATION, ATTENTION AND RECOGNITION By Zhengping Ji Over a half century has passed since Alan Turing

  2. Multi component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Multi-component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve Efficiency and Durability in Engines ITP Nanomanufacturing:...

  3. Community-Based Sea Level Rise Projections Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar will present a process for developing community-based sea level rise projections and facilitating their use.

  4. New Polynomial Classes for Logic-Based Abduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanuttini, B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of propositional logic-based abduction, i.e., the problem of searching for a best explanation for a given propositional observation according to a given propositional knowledge base. We give a general algorithm, based on the notion of projection; then we study restrictions over the representations of the knowledge base and of the query, and find new polynomial classes of abduction problems.

  5. Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for Federal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Material Underlying Guidance for Federal Agencies in Implementing Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans Evidence-Based Background Material Underlying Guidance for...

  6. Optimization Online - Convergence analysis of sampling-based ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent Guigues

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 19, 2014 ... Convergence analysis of sampling-based decomposition methods for risk-averse multistage stochastic convex programs.

  7. Optimization Online - Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenyi Tian

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 24, 2014 ... Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based Methods for Total Variation Minimization with Finite Element Approximation.

  8. Optimization Online - Conjugate gradient methods based on secant ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y Narushima

    2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 28, 2011 ... Conjugate gradient methods based on secant conditions that generate descent search directions for unconstrained optimization.

  9. Lithium based electrochemical cell systems having a degassing agent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hyung, Yoo-Eup (Naperville, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lithium based electrochemical cell system includes a positive electrode; a negative electrode; an electrolyte; and a degassing agent.

  10. Understanding Fault Characteristics of Inverter-Based Distributed Energy Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, J.; Kroposki, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses issues and provides solutions for dealing with fault current contributions from inverter-based distributed energy resources.

  11. ModelBased Information Integration in a Neuroscience Mediator System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludäscher, Bertram

    Model­Based Information Integration in a Neuroscience Mediator System Bertram Lud¨ascher ? Amarnath

  12. Hierarchical Modeling for Population-Based Heat Exchanger Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geb, David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transfer in tube banks in crossflow. [60] Zukauskas, A. ,law based optimisation of crossflow plate-fin heat exchanger

  13. Extractors manual for Oil Shale Data Base System: Major Plants Data Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To date, persons working in the development of oil shale technology have found limited amounts of reference data. If data from research and development could be made publicly available, however, several functions could be served. The duplication of work could be avoided, documented test material could serve as a basis to promote further developments, and research costs could possibly be reduced. To satisfy the engineering public's need for experimental data and to assist in the study of technical uncertainties in oil shale technology, the Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated the development of a data system to store the results of Government-sponsored research. A technology-specific data system consists of data that are stored for that technology in each of the specialized data bases that make up the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) data system. The Oil Shale Data System consists of oil shale data stored in the Major Plants Data Base (MPDB), Test Data Data Base (TDDB), Resource Extraction Data Base (REDB), and Math Modeling Data Base (MMDB). To capture the results of Government-sponsored oil shale research programs, documents have been written to specify the data that contractors need to report and the procedures for reporting them. The documents identify and define the data from oil shale projects to be entered into the MPDB, TDDB, REDB, and MMDB, which will meet the needs of users of the Oil Shale Data System. This document addresses what information is needed and how it must be formatted for entry to the MPDB for oil shale. The data that are most relevant to potential Oil Shale Data System users have been divided into four categories: project tracking needs; economic/commercialization needs; critical performance needs; and modeling and research and development needs. 2 figs., 31 tabs.

  14. TESLA Report 2003-32 FPGA based TESLA cavity SIMCON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA Report 2003-32 FPGA based TESLA cavity SIMCON DOOCS server design, implementation of the laboratory solution of the FPGA based TESLA cavity simulator and controller (SIMCON) is presented. The major is a first description of the working DOOCS server for the FPGA based TESLA cavity SIMCON (which is a part

  15. Micromechanical Modeling of Filament Wound Cement-Based Composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobasher, Barzin

    Micromechanical Modeling of Filament Wound Cement-Based Composites B. Mobasher, M.ASCE1 Abstract: A theoretical model to predict the response of laminated cement-based composites is developed. The micromechanical model simulates the mechanical response of a multilayer cement-based composite laminate under

  16. Key Management with Policy-based Access Control Christian Cachin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    a crucial role for the security of network-based key management. Modern access-control systems are policy in policies. In this presentation we discuss how to integrate a policy-based access control system using XACMLKey Management with Policy-based Access Control Christian Cachin Divay Bansal G¨unter Karjoth 27

  17. Roadmap-based Motion Planning in Dynamic Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Roadmap-based Motion Planning in Dynamic Environments Jur P. van den Berg Mark H. Overmars.cs.uu.nl #12;Roadmap-based Motion Planning in Dynamic Environments Jur P. van den Berg Mark H. Overmars April obstacles. We propose a practical algorithm based on a roadmap that is created for the static part

  18. Wave-Based Sound Propagation for VR Applications Ravish Mehra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Wave-Based Sound Propagation for VR Applications Ravish Mehra University of North Carolina to state-of-the-art wave solvers, enabling real-time, wave-based sound propagation in scenes spanning propagation accurately, it is important to develop interactive wave-based propagation techniques. We present

  19. The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media, Cognitive Ergonomics, Design, Design Environments, Knowledge-based Systems, Phone-based Interfaces ergonomic; i.e., systems that effectively support designers' cognitive work without hindering their creative

  20. MODELING AND CONTROLLING PARALLEL TASKS IN DROPLET-BASED MICROFLUIDIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter 12 MODELING AND CONTROLLING PARALLEL TASKS IN DROPLET-BASED MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS Karl F-independent models and algorithms to automate the operation of droplet-based microfluidic systems. In these systems mapping of a biochemical analysis task onto a droplet-based microfluidic system is investigated. Achieving

  1. Affordance-Based Control of Visually Guided Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fajen, Brett

    in the control of action? Is visual control mediated by internal models of the dynamics of the body is information-based control (Warren, 1998), which is often contrasted with model-based control (Loomis & BeallAffordance-Based Control of Visually Guided Action Brett R. Fajen Department of Cognitive Science

  2. Benefits of Location-Based Access Control: A Literature Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    Benefits of Location-Based Access Control: A Literature Study Andr´e van Cleeff, Wolter Pieters.pieters, r.j.wieringa}@utwente.nl Abstract--Location-based access control (LBAC) has been suggested-based, physical and logical access control, (ii) improving the transparency of LBAC decision making, and (iii

  3. On Model Based Synthesis of Embedded Control Software Vadim Alimguzhin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tronci, Enrico

    Model Based Design approaches for control software. Given the formal model of a plant as a Discrete Time addresses model based synthesis of control software by trading system level non-functional requirementsOn Model Based Synthesis of Embedded Control Software Vadim Alimguzhin Federico Mari Igor Melatti

  4. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  5. Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999 13-1 CHAPTER 13: MATERIALS CONSIDERATIONS AND DATA BASE Contributors Lead Author: S.J. Zinkle S. Majumdar N.M. Ghoniem S. Sharafat. #12;Materials Considerations and Data Base APEX Interim Report November, 1999 13-2 13. MATERIALS

  6. Generating and Using Gaze-Based Document Annotations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    Generating and Using Gaze-Based Document Annotations Abstract In this paper we describe a prototypical system that is able to generate document annotations based on eye movement data. Document parts can be annotated as being read or skimmed. We further explain ideas how such gaze-based document

  7. Pounding and impact of base isolated buildings due to earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Vivek Kumar

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ...............................................................................12 1.2.1. Fixed base buildings.....................................................................12 1.2.2. Base isolated buildings.................................................................12 1.3. Study objective.........................................................................24 2.2.1. Single degree of freedom system..................................................24 2.2.2. Two degree of freedom system ....................................................28 2.3. Base isolation with building pounding...

  8. Guide to Cement-Based Integrated Pavement Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guide to Cement-Based Integrated Pavement Solutions August 2011 #12;Cement-Based Integrated Pavement Solutions Heavy Industrial Airports Highways Country Roads Arterials Commercial Commercial Residential Recreation LAND USE CEMENT-BASED INTEGRATED PAVEMENT SOLUTIONS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

  9. Web Based Simulations for Virtual Scientific Experiment: Methodology and Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . These are the keywords. Web based simulation, Virtual Scientific Experiment, e-learning 1. INTRODUCTION Until now Technology for Enhanced Learning 1 #12;Web Based Simulations for Virtual Scientific Experiment: MethodologyWeb Based Simulations for Virtual Scientific Experiment: Methodology and Tools Giovannina Albano

  10. Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EA 4272 Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural and learning differences;1 Computer-based business simulations as revealers of cultural and learning differences. The case of Business learning, learning modes, culture, computer-based business simulations, Egypt, France, Globalization

  11. Cooling of Integrated Circuits Using Droplet-Based Microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Cooling of Integrated Circuits Using Droplet-Based Microfluidics Vamsee K. Pamula Duke University and microfluidics-based solutions were proposed in the past. We present a cooling method based on high supply of droplets without the need for external sensors and electrothermocapillary control where hot

  12. Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, John P.

    Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in Nestling Tree Swallows from Two 14850 A bioenergetics-based model was used to simulate the accumulation of total PCBs and 20 PCB of sediment- associated contaminants to sediment-dwelling organisms. A bioenergetics-based model was developed

  13. Simscape Design Flow for Memristor Based Programmable Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    oscillator is characterized within the Simscape framework. The oscillation frequency and power consumption of memristor-based oscillators. (2) A Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based optimization algorithm in terms of power consumption and frequency. (4) The first ever Simscape based models for titanium oxide

  14. Rank-Based Estimation for GARCH Processes Beth Andrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Beth

    Rank-Based Estimation for GARCH Processes Beth Andrews Northwestern University September 7, 2011 Abstract We consider a rank-based technique for estimating GARCH model parameters, some of which are scale transformations of conventional GARCH parameters. The estimators are obtained by minimizing a rank-based residual

  15. Use of Lithium Hexafluoroisopropoxide as a Mild Base for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Use of Lithium Hexafluoroisopropoxide as a Mild Base for Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons Olefination The weak base lithium 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropoxide (LiHFI) is shown to be highly effective of base-sensitive substrates, leading to the discovery that lithium 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropoxide (Li

  16. MATROID BASE POLYTOPE DECOMPOSITION II : SEQUENCES OF HYPERPLANE SPLITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (2011), 158- 172] about matroid base polytope decomposition. We will present sufficient conditions is defined as the convex hull of the incidence vectors of bases of M, that is, P(M) := conv iB ei : B a base of M , where ei is the ith standard basis vector in Rn. P(M) is a polytope of dimension at most n - 1

  17. ``Smart'' Base Isolation Systems J. C. Ramallo1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    -degree-of-freedom models of a base-isolated building are used as a test bed in this study. Smart isolation is shown``Smart'' Base Isolation Systems J. C. Ramallo1 ; E. A. Johnson, A.M.ASCE2 ; and B. F. Spencer Jr., M.ASCE3 Abstract: A ``smart'' base isolation strategy is proposed and shown to effectively protect

  18. Concurrent Testing of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

    Concurrent Testing of Digital Microfluidics-Based Biochips FEI SU, SULE OZEV, and KRISHNENDU in digital microfluidics-based biochips and investigate the related problems of test planning and resource this optimization problem. We apply the proposed concurrent testing method- ology to a droplet-based microfluidic

  19. Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, Xiaojun

    Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images Xiaojun Qi Computer Science present prediction-based image compression techniques take advantage of either intra- or inter function. The prediction-based compression technique has been applied on some magnetic resonance (MR) brain

  20. Prediction-based estimating functions: review and new developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sørensen, Michael

    Prediction-based estimating functions: review and new developments Michael Sørensen University@math.ku.dk March 9, 2011 Abstract The general theory of prediction-based estimating functions for stochastic differential equations. The Pearson diffusions, for which explicit optimal prediction-based estimating func

  1. AREA-EFFICIENTHIGH-THROUGHPUTVLSI ARCHITECTUREFOR MAP-BASED TURBO EQUALIZER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Andrew C

    AREA-EFFICIENTHIGH-THROUGHPUTVLSI ARCHITECTUREFOR MAP-BASED TURBO EQUALIZER Seok-Jun Lee, Naresh R an area-efficient MAP-based turbo equalizer VLSI architecture by proposing a symbol-based soft-input soft-interleaved com- putation with an area savings of 25%. 1. INTRODUCTION The turbo decoding technique has found

  2. Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base , Marios D. Dikaiakos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base Wei Xing1 , Marios D. Dikaiakos1 , and Rizos Sakellariou2 present our work on building a Grid infor- mation knowledge base, which is a key component of a semantic Grid information system. A Core Grid Ontology (CGO) is developed for build- ing a Grid knowledge base

  3. Performance-Based Concrete Pavement Mix Design System Performance-Based Design Guide for New and Rehabilitated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strategic Research Plan #12;· Performance-Based Concrete Pavement Mix Design System · Performance-Based Design Guide for New and Rehabilitated Concrete Pavements · High-Speed Nondestructive Testing Pavements · High-Speed Concrete Pavement Rehabilitation and Construction · Concrete Pavement Business

  4. Participant satisfaction with appearance-based versus health-based educational videos promoting sunscreen use: a randomized controlled trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuong, William; Armstrong, April W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Larsen ER, Armstrong AW. Videos to influence: a systematicof effectiveness of video-based education in modifyingNZ, Kim RH. Effects of video-based, online education on

  5. Validating agent based models through virtual worlds.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lakkaraju, Kiran; Whetzel, Jonathan H.; Lee, Jina [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Bier, Asmeret Brooke; Cardona-Rivera, Rogelio E. [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC; Bernstein, Jeremy Ray Rhythm [Gaikai, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the US continues its vigilance against distributed, embedded threats, understanding the political and social structure of these groups becomes paramount for predicting and dis- rupting their attacks. Agent-based models (ABMs) serve as a powerful tool to study these groups. While the popularity of social network tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) has provided extensive communication data, there is a lack of ne-grained behavioral data with which to inform and validate existing ABMs. Virtual worlds, in particular massively multiplayer online games (MMOG), where large numbers of people interact within a complex environ- ment for long periods of time provide an alternative source of data. These environments provide a rich social environment where players engage in a variety of activities observed between real-world groups: collaborating and/or competing with other groups, conducting battles for scarce resources, and trading in a market economy. Strategies employed by player groups surprisingly re ect those seen in present-day con icts, where players use diplomacy or espionage as their means for accomplishing their goals. In this project, we propose to address the need for ne-grained behavioral data by acquiring and analyzing game data a commercial MMOG, referred to within this report as Game X. The goals of this research were: (1) devising toolsets for analyzing virtual world data to better inform the rules that govern a social ABM and (2) exploring how virtual worlds could serve as a source of data to validate ABMs established for analogous real-world phenomena. During this research, we studied certain patterns of group behavior to compliment social modeling e orts where a signi cant lack of detailed examples of observed phenomena exists. This report outlines our work examining group behaviors that underly what we have termed the Expression-To-Action (E2A) problem: determining the changes in social contact that lead individuals/groups to engage in a particular behavior. Results from our work indicate that virtual worlds have the potential for serving as a proxy in allocating and populating behaviors that would be used within further agent-based modeling studies.

  6. Seca Coal-Based Systems Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthew Alinger

    2008-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the progress made during the August 1, 2006 - May 31, 2008 award period under Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-05NT42614 for the U. S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (USDOE/NETL) entitled 'SECA Coal Based Systems'. The initial overall objective of this program was to design, develop, and demonstrate multi-MW integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) power plants with >50% overall efficiency from coal (HHV) to AC power. The focus of the program was to develop low-cost, high performance, modular solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology to support coal gas IGFC power systems. After a detailed GE internal review of the SOFC technology, the program was de-scoped at GE's request. The primary objective of this program was then focused on developing a performance degradation mitigation path for high performing, cost-effective solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). There were two initial major objectives in this program. These were: (1) Develop and optimize a design of a >100 MWe integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) power plant; (2) Resolve identified barrier issues concerning the long-term economic performance of SOFC. The program focused on designing and cost estimating the IGFC system and resolving technical and economic barrier issues relating to SOFC. In doing so, manufacturing options for SOFC cells were evaluated, options for constructing stacks based upon various cell configurations identified, and key performance characteristics were identified. Key factors affecting SOFC performance degradation for cells in contact with metallic interconnects were be studied and a fundamental understanding of associated mechanisms was developed using a fixed materials set. Experiments and modeling were carried out to identify key processes/steps affecting cell performance degradation under SOFC operating conditions. Interfacial microstructural and elemental changes were characterized, and their relationships to observed degradation identified. Mitigation strategies, including innovative coatings and bond layers, were developed, evaluated and down-selected to improve degradation rates. Focus was on microstructural stabilization and minimization of the ASR contribution from Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} scale growth and other interactions at electrode/interconnect interfaces evaluated during electrochemical testing and advanced microstructural characterization. Novel long-term and accelerated testing techniques were developed and conducted under standard operating conditions to demonstrate capability to meet targeted degradation rates.

  7. Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework, Volume 1: Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, Sriram; Pratt, Robert G.; Akyol, Bora A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Foster, Nikolas AF; Katipamula, Srinivas; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Somani, Abhishek; Steckley, Andrew C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This document proposes a framework concept to achieve the objectives of raising buildings’ efficiency and energy savings potential benefitting building owners and operators. We call it a transaction-based framework, wherein mutually-beneficial and cost-effective market-based transactions can be enabled between multiple players across different domains. Transaction-based building controls are one part of the transactional energy framework. While these controls realize benefits by enabling automatic, market-based intra-building efficiency optimizations, the transactional energy framework provides similar benefits using the same market -based structure, yet on a larger scale and beyond just buildings, to the society at large.

  8. Vanadium-base alloys for fusion reactor applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.L.; Loomis, B.A.; Diercks, D.R.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vanadium-base alloys offer potentially significant advantages over other candidate alloys as a structural material for fusion reactor first wall/blanket applications. Although the data base is more limited than that for the other leading candidate structural materials, viz., austenitic and ferritic steels, vanadium-base alloys exhibit several properties that make them particularly attractive for the fusion reactor environment. This paper presents a review of the structural material requirements, a summary of the materials data base for selected vanadium-base alloys, and a comparison of projected performance characteristics compared to other candidate alloys. Also, critical research and development (R and D) needs are defined.

  9. An Extendible Reconfigurable Robot Based on Hot Melt Adhesives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodbeck, Luzius; Iida, Fumiya

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    do not require fast motion of the robot arm, but some tasks might re- quire dynamic motions. The focus of this analysis is on the RBE processes, for which the dynamic limits of the base are not critical. The static torques on the robot base... - cific experimental platform as the robot base. The hard- ware used for the robot base is a five degrees of free- dom robotic arm (ST Robotics, R-12 Firefly, Fig. 3a) with a range of 500mm and a maximum payload of An Extendible Reconfigurable Robot Based...

  10. Method of removing and detoxifying a phosphorus-based substance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vandegrift, G.F.; Steindler, M.J.

    1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of removing a phosphorus-based poisonous substance from water contaminated is presented. In addition, the toxicity of the phosphorus-based substance is also subsequently destroyed. A water-immiscible organic solvent is first immobilized on a supported liquid membrane before the contaminated water is contacted with one side of the supported liquid membrane to absorb the phosphorus-based substance in the organic solvent. The other side of the supported liquid membrane is contacted with a hydroxy-affording strong base to react with phosphorus-based solvated species to form a non-toxic product.

  11. SAMPLING-BASED ROADMAP OF TREES FOR PARALLEL MOTION PLANNING 1 Sampling-Based Roadmap of Trees for Parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Brian Y.

    SAMPLING-BASED ROADMAP OF TREES FOR PARALLEL MOTION PLANNING 1 Sampling-Based Roadmap of Trees for multiple query motion planning (Probabilistic Roadmap Method - PRM) with sampling-based tree methods algorithms, roadmap, tree, PRM, EST, RRT, SRT. I. INTRODUCTION HIGH-DIMENSIONAL problems such as those

  12. 9/16/2009 Andy Haas Stanford Student Orientation: Accelerator based Particle Physics 1 Accelerator-based Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    9/16/2009 Andy Haas Stanford Student Orientation: Accelerator based Particle Physics 1 Accelerator, 2009 #12;9/16/2009 Andy Haas Stanford Student Orientation: Accelerator based Particle Physics 2 Stanford Student Orientation: Accelerator based Particle Physics 5 Super B (to be built near Frascati lab

  13. Towards an Agent-Based Foundation of Financial Econometrics: An Approach Based on Genetic-Programming Arti cial Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Towards an Agent-Based Foundation of Financial Econometrics: An Approach Based on Genetic-mail: g7258502@grad.cc.nccu.edu.tw Taipei, Taiwan 11623 Abstract Using a few nonlinear econometric tools econometrics. In partic- ular, the time series generated by the GP- based arti#12;cial markets are consistent

  14. A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    worldwide to look at energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (Carter et al., 2000). By developing energy use trends. The approach taken here was based on hypothetical lifestyle analyses, and askedA lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings

  15. A lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    economic and population growth worldwide to look at energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (Carter or national models to forecast energy use trends. The approach taken here was based on hypothetical lifestyleA lifestyle-based scenario, Energy Policy A lifestyle-based scenario for U.S. buildings

  16. From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flener, Pierre

    From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance From Space to Smart 2009 1 / 43 #12;From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Outline 1 to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Motivation: Contextualized Proactive

  17. Improved Grammar-Based Compressed Indexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claude, Francisco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the first grammar-compressed representation of a sequence that supports searches in time that depends only logarithmically on the size of the grammar. Given a text $T[1..u]$ that is represented by a (context-free) grammar of $n$ (terminal and nonterminal) symbols and size $N$ (measured as the sum of the lengths of the right hands of the rules), a basic grammar-based representation of $T$ takes $N\\lg n$ bits of space. Our representation requires $2N\\lg n + N\\lg u + \\epsilon\\, n\\lg n + o(N\\lg n)$ bits of space, for any $0<\\epsilon \\le 1$. It can find the positions of the $occ$ occurrences of a pattern of length $m$ in $T$ in $O((m^2/\\epsilon)\\lg (\\frac{\\lg u}{\\lg n}) +occ\\lg n)$ time, and extract any substring of length $\\ell$ of $T$ in time $O(\\ell+h\\lg(N/h))$, where $h$ is the height of the grammar tree.

  18. Physics-based models of the plasmasphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pierrard, Vivane [BELGIUM; Goldstein, Jerry [SWRI; Andr'e, Nicolas [ESTEC/ESA; Kotova, Galina A [SRI, RUSSIA; Lemaire, Joseph F [BELGIUM; Liemohn, Mike W [U OF MICHIGAN; Matsui, H [UNIV OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe recent progress in physics-based models of the plasmasphere using the Auid and the kinetic approaches. Global modeling of the dynamics and inAuence of the plasmasphere is presented. Results from global plasmasphere simulations are used to understand and quantify (i) the electric potential pattern and evolution during geomagnetic storms, and (ii) the inAuence of the plasmasphere on the excitation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron (ElvIIC) waves a.nd precipitation of energetic ions in the inner magnetosphere. The interactions of the plasmasphere with the ionosphere a.nd the other regions of the magnetosphere are pointed out. We show the results of simulations for the formation of the plasmapause and discuss the inAuence of plasmaspheric wind and of ultra low frequency (ULF) waves for transport of plasmaspheric material. Theoretical formulations used to model the electric field and plasma distribution in the plasmasphere are given. Model predictions are compared to recent CLUSTER and MAGE observations, but also to results of earlier models and satellite observations.

  19. Glow discharge based device for solving mazes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubinov, Alexander E., E-mail: dubinov-ae@yandex.ru; Mironenko, Maxim S.; Selemir, Victor D. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center ? All-Russian Scientific and Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF), Sarov, Nizhni Novgorod region 607188 (Russian Federation); Sarov Institute of Physics and Technology (SarFTI) of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI,” Sarov, Nizhni Novgorod region 607188 (Russian Federation); Maksimov, Artem N.; Pylayev, Nikolay A. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center ? All-Russian Scientific and Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF), Sarov, Nizhni Novgorod region 607188 (Russian Federation)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A glow discharge based device for solving mazes has been designed and tested. The device consists of a gas discharge chamber and maze-transformer of radial-azimuth type. It allows changing of the maze pattern in a short period of time (within several minutes). The device has been tested with low pressure air. Once switched on, a glow discharge has been shown to find the shortest way through the maze from the very first attempt, even if there is a section with potential barrier for electrons on the way. It has been found that ionization waves (striations) can be excited in the maze along the length of the plasma channel. The dependancy of discharge voltage on the length of the optimal path through the maze has been measured. A reduction in discharge voltage with one or two potential barriers present has been found and explained. The dependency of the magnitude of discharge ignition voltage on the length of the optimal path through the maze has been measured. The reduction of the ignition voltage with the presence of one or two potential barriers has been observed and explained.

  20. Fiber optic-based regenerable biosensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sepaniak, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fiber optic-based regenerable biosensor. The biosensor is particularly suitable for use in microscale work in situ. In one embodiment, the biosensor comprises a reaction chamber disposed adjacent the distal end of a waveguide and adapted to receive therein a quantity of a sample containing an analyte. Leading into the chamber is a plurality of capillary conduits suitable for introducing into the chamber antibodies or other reagents suitable for selective interaction with a predetermined analyte. Following such interaction, the contents of the chamber may be subjected to an incident energy signal for developing fluorescence within the chamber that is detectable via the optical fiber and which is representative of the presence, i.e. concentration, of the selected analyte. Regeneration of the biosensor is accomplished by replacement of the reagents and/or the analyte, or a combination of these, at least in part via one or more of the capillary conduits. The capillary conduits extend from their respective terminal ends that are in fluid communication with the chamber, away from the chamber to respective location(s) remote from the chamber thereby permitting in situ location of the chamber and remote manipulation and/or analysis of the activity with the chamber.

  1. Turing machines based on unsharp quantum logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Shang; Xian Lu; Ruqian Lu

    2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we consider Turing machines based on unsharp quantum logic. For a lattice-ordered quantum multiple-valued (MV) algebra E, we introduce E-valued non-deterministic Turing machines (ENTMs) and E-valued deterministic Turing machines (EDTMs). We discuss different E-valued recursively enumerable languages from width-first and depth-first recognition. We find that width-first recognition is equal to or less than depth-first recognition in general. The equivalence requires an underlying E value lattice to degenerate into an MV algebra. We also study variants of ENTMs. ENTMs with a classical initial state and ENTMs with a classical final state have the same power as ENTMs with quantum initial and final states. In particular, the latter can be simulated by ENTMs with classical transitions under a certain condition. Using these findings, we prove that ENTMs are not equivalent to EDTMs and that ENTMs are more powerful than EDTMs. This is a notable difference from the classical Turing machines.

  2. Physically Based Global Downscaling: Regional Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghan, Steven J.; Shippert, Timothy R.; Fox, Jared

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The climate simulated by a global atmosphere/land model with a physically-based subgrid orography scheme is evaluated in ten selected regions. Climate variables simulated for each of multiple elevation classes within each grid cell are mapped according the high-resolution distribution of surface elevation in each region. Comparison of the simulated annual mean climate with gridded observations leads to the following conclusions. At low to moderate elevations the downscaling scheme correctly simulates increasing precipitation, decreasing temperature, and increasing snow with increasing elevation within regions smaller than 100 km. At high elevations the downscaling scheme correctly simulates a decrease in precipitation with increasing elevation. Too little precipitation is simulated on the windward side of mountain ranges and too much precipitation is simulated on the lee side. The simulated sensitivity of surface air temperature to surface elevation is too strong, particularly in valleys influenced by drainage circulations. Observations show little evidence of a “snow shadow”, so the neglect of the subgrid rainshadow does not produce an unrealistic simulation of the snow distribution. Summertime snow area, which is a proxy for land ice, is much larger than observed. Summertime snow water equivalent is far less than the observed thickness of glaciers because a 1 m upper bound on snow water is applied to the simulations and because snow transport by slides is neglected. The 1 m upper bound on snow water equivalent also causes an underestimate of seasonal snow water during late winter, compared with gridded station measurements. Potential solutions to these problems are discussed.

  3. Mechanical characterization of seismic base isolation elastomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulak, R.F.; Hughes, T.H.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the various devices proposed for seismic isolators, the laminated elastomer bearing is emerging as the preferred device for large buildings/structures, such as nuclear reactor plants. The laminated bearing is constructed from alternating thin layers of elastomer and metallic plates (shims). The elastomer is usually a carbon filled natural rubber that exhibits damping when subjected to shear. Recently, some blends of natural and synthetic rubbers have appeared. Before candidate elastomers can be used in seismic isolation bearings, their response to design-basis loads and beyond- design-basis loads must be determined. This entails the development of constitutive models and and then the determination of associated material parameters through specimen testing. This paper describes the methods used to obtain data for characterizing the mechanical response of elastomers used for seismic isolation. The data provides a data base for use in determining material parameters associated with nonlinear constitutive models. In addition, the paper presents a definition for a damping ratio that does not exhibit the usual reduction at higher strain cycles. 2 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  4. IGENPRO knowledge-based operator support system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J. A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development is being performed on the knowledge-based IGENPRO operator support package for plant transient diagnostics and management to provide operator assistance during off-normal plant transient conditions. A generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first-principles approach is being implemented using automated reasoning, artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic to produce a generic T-H system-independent/plant-independent package. The IGENPRO package has a modular structure composed of three modules: the transient trend analysis module PROTREN, the process diagnostics module PRODIAG and the process management module PROMANA. Cooperative research and development work has focused on the PRODIAG diagnostic module of the IGENPRO package and the operator training matrix of transients used at the Braidwood Pressurized Water Reactor station. Promising simulator testing results with PRODIAG have been obtained for the Braidwood Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS), and the Component Cooling Water System. Initial CVCS test results have also been obtained for the PROTREN module. The PROMANA effort also involves the CVCS. Future work will be focused on the long-term, slow and mild degradation transients where diagnoses of incipient T-H component failure prior to forced outage events is required. This will enhance the capability of the IGENPRO system as a predictive maintenance tool for plant staff and operator support.

  5. Base drive and overlap protection circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gritter, David J. (Southfield, MI)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An inverter (34) which provides power to an A. C. machine (28) is controlled by a circuit (36) employing PWM control strategy whereby A. C. power is supplied to the machine at a preselectable frequency and preselectable voltage. This is accomplished by the technique of waveform notching in which the shapes of the notches are varied to determine the average energy content of the overall waveform. Through this arrangement, the operational efficiency of the A. C. machine is optimized. The control circuit includes a microcomputer and memory element which receive various parametric inputs and calculate optimized machine control data signals therefrom. The control data is asynchronously loaded into the inverter through an intermediate buffer (38). A base drive and overlap protection circuit is included to insure that both transistors of a complimentary pair are not conducting at the same time. In its preferred embodiment, the present invention is incorporated within an electric vehicle (10) employing a 144 VDC battery pack (32) and a three-phase induction motor (18).

  6. Generalized Graph States Based on Hadamard Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shawn X Cui; Nengkun Yu; Bei Zeng

    2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Graph states are widely used in quantum information theory, including entanglement theory, quantum error correction, and one-way quantum computing. Graph states have a nice structure related to a certain graph, which is given by either a stabilizer group or an encoding circuit, both can be directly given by the graph. To generalize graph states, whose stabilizer groups are abelian subgroups of the Pauli group, one approach taken is to study non-abelian stabilizers. In this work, we propose to generalize graph states based on the encoding circuit, which is completely determined by the graph and a Hadamard matrix. We study the entanglement structures of these generalized graph states, and show that they are all maximally mixed locally. We also explore the relationship between the equivalence of Hadamard matrices and local equivalence of the corresponding generalized graph states. This leads to a natural generalization of the Pauli $(X,Z)$ pairs, which characterizes the local symmetries of these generalized graph states. Our approach is also naturally generalized to construct graph quantum codes which are beyond stabilizer codes.

  7. A simulation-based reservoir management program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voskanian, M.M. [California State Lands Commission, Sacramento, CA (United States); Kendall, R.P.; Whitney, E.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Coombs, S. [Pacific Operators Offshore, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Paul, R.G. [Minerals Management Service, Reston, VA (United States). Headquarters Office; Ershaghi, I. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are more than 5,200 independent oil and gas producers operating in the US today (based on current IPAA membership figures). These companies are playing an increasingly important role in production of hydrocarbons in California and elsewhere in the US. Pacific Operators Offshore, Inc., in a historic collaboration with its government royalty owners, the California State Lands Commission and the Minerals Management Service of the US Department of Interior, is attempting to redevelop the Carpinteria Offshore Field after two-and-a-half decades of production and partial abandonment by a previous operator. This paper will describe a project which focuses on the distribution of advanced reservoir management technologies (geological, petrophysical, and engineering) to independent producers like Pacific Operators Offshore, Inc. The evolving information highway, specifically the World Wide Web (WWW), serves as the distribution medium. The project to be described in this paper is an example of the implementation of a reservoir management tool which is supported by distributed databases, incorporates a shared computing environment, and integrates stochastic, geological, and engineering modeling.

  8. Network Anomaly Detection: Flow-based or Packet-based Approach?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Huy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most critical tasks for network administrator is to ensure system uptime and availability. For the network security, anomaly detection systems, along with firewalls and intrusion prevention systems are the must-have tools. So far in the field of network anomaly detection, people are working on two different approaches. One is flow-based; usually rely on network elements to make so-called flow information available for analysis. The second approach is packet-based; which directly analyzes the data packet information for the detection of anomalies. This paper describes the main differences between the two approaches through an in-depth analysis. We try to answer the question of when and why an approach is better than the other. The answer is critical for network administrators to make their choices in deploying a defending system, securing the network and ensuring business continuity.

  9. Mn-Fe base and Mn-Cr-Fe base austenitic alloys

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brager, Howard R. (Richland, WA); Garner, Francis A. (Richland, WA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manganese-iron base and manganese-chromium-iron base austenitic alloys designed to have resistance to neutron irradiation induced swelling and low activation have the following compositions (in weight percent): 20 to 40 Mn; up to about 15 Cr; about 0.4 to about 3.0 Si; an austenite stabilizing element selected from C and N, alone or in combination with each other, and in an amount effective to substantially stabilize the austenite phase, but less than about 0.7 C, and less than about 0.3 N; up to about 2.5 V; up to about 0.1 P; up to about 0.01 B; up to about 3.0 Al; up to about 0.5 Ni; up to about 2.0 W; up to about 1.0 Ti; up to about 1.0 Ta; and with the remainder of the alloy being essentially iron.

  10. Value of the energy data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, D.W.; Griffiths, J.M.; Roderer, N.K.; Wiederkehr, R.R.V.

    1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An assessment was made of the Energy Data Base (EDB) of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center (TIC). As the major resource containing access information to the world's energy literature, EDB products and services are used extensively by energy researchers to identify journal articles, technical reports and other items of potential utility in their work. The approach taken to assessing value begins with the measurement of extent of use of the EDB. Apparent value is measured in terms of willingness to pay. Consequential value is measured in terms of effect - for searching, the cost of reading which results; and for reading, the savings which result from the application of the information obtained in reading. Resulting estimates of value reflect value to the searchers, the reader, and the reader's organization or funding source. A survey of the 60,000 scientists and eingineers funded by the DOE shows that annually they read about 7.1 million journal articles and 6.6 million technical reports. A wide range of savings values were reported for one-fourth of all article readings and three-fourths of all report readings. There was an average savings of $590 per reading of all articles; there was an average savings of $1280 for technical reports. The total annual savings attributable to reading by DOE-funded scientists and engineers is estimated to be about $13 billion. An investment of $5.3 billion in the generation of information and about $500 million in processing and using information yields a partial return of about $13 billion. Overall, this partial return on investment is about 2.2 to 1. In determining the value of EDB only those searches and readings directly attributable to it are included in the analysis. The values are $20 million to the searchers, $117 million to the readers and $3.6 billion to DOE.

  11. Plasmonics Based Harsh Environment Compatible Chemical Sensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Carpenter

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Au-YSZ, Au-TiO{sub 2} and Au-CeO{sub 2} nanocomposite films have been investigated as a potential sensing element for high-temperature plasmonic sensing of H{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub 2} in an oxygen containing environment. The Au-YSZ and Au-TiO{sub 2} films were deposited using PVD methods, while the CeO{sub 2} thin film was deposited by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and Au was implanted into the as-grown film at an elevated temperature followed by high temperature annealing to form well-defined Au nanoclusters. Each of the films were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS). For the gas sensing experiments, separate exposures to varying concentrations of H{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub 2} were performed at a temperature of 500°C in oxygen backgrounds of 5.0, 10, and ~21% O{sub 2}. Changes in the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption peak were monitored during gas exposures and are believed to be the result of oxidation-reduction processes that fill or create oxygen vacancies in the respective metal oxides. This process affects the LSPR peak position either by charge exchange with the Au nanoparticles or by changes in the dielectric constant surrounding the particles. Hyperspectral multivariate analysis was used to gauge the inherent selectivity of the film between the separate analytes. From principal component analysis (PCA), unique and identifiable responses were seen for each of the analytes. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was also used on the Au-CeO{sub 2} results and showed separation between analytes as well as trends in gas concentration. Results indicate that each of the films are is selective towards O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub 2} in separate exposures. However, when the films were analyzed in a sensor array based experiment, ie simultaneous exposures to the target gases, PCA analysis of the combined response showed an even greater selective character towards the target gases. Combined with the observed stability over long exposure periods, each of these Au-metal oxide films shows good potential as an optical sensing element for harsh environmental conditions.

  12. Improved substrate structures for InP-based devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanlass, M.; Sheldon, P.

    1988-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A substrate structure for an InP-based semiconductor device having an InP-based film is disclosed. The substrate structure includes a substrate region having a light-weight bulk substrate and an upper GaAs layer. An interconnecting region is disposed between the substrate region and the InP-based device. The interconnecting region includes a compositionally graded intermediate layer substantially lattice matched at its one end to the GaAs layer and substantially lattice matched at its opposite end to the InP-based film. The interconnecting region further includes a dislocation mechanism disposed between the GaAs layer and the InP-based film in cooperation with the graded intermediate layer, the buffer mechanism blocking and inhibiting propagation of threading dislocations between the substrate region and the InP-based device. 1 fig.

  13. Substrate structures for InP-based devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanlass, M.W.; Sheldon, P.

    1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A substrate structure for an InP-based semiconductor device having an InP based film is described. The substrate structure includes a substrate region having a lightweight bulk substrate and an upper GaAs layer. An interconnecting region is disposed between the substrate region and the InP-based device. The interconnecting region includes a compositionally graded intermediate layer substantially lattice-matched at the opposite end to the InP=based film. The interconnecting region further includes a dislocation mechanism disposed between the GaAs layer and the InP-based film in cooperation with the graded intermediate layer, the buffer mechanism blocking and inhibiting propagation of threading dislocations between the substrate region, and the InP-based device.

  14. Substrate structures for InP-based devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO); Sheldon, Peter (Lakewood, CO)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A substrate structure for an InP-based semiconductor device having an InP based film is disclosed. The substrate structure includes a substrate region having a lightweight bulk substrate and an upper GaAs layer. An interconnecting region is disposed between the substrate region and the InP-based device. The interconnecting region includes a compositionally graded intermediate layer substantially lattice-matched at one end to the GaAs layer and substantially lattice-matched at the opposite end to the InP-based film. The interconnecting region further includes a dislocation mechanism disposed between the GaAs layer and the InP-based film in cooperation with the graded intermediate layer, the buffer mechanism blocking and inhibiting propagation of threading dislocations between the substrate region, and the InP-based device.

  15. On the calculation of percentile-based bibliometric indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waltman, Ludo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A percentile-based bibliometric indicator is an indicator that values publications based on their position within the citation distribution of their field. The most straightforward percentile-based indicator is the proportion of frequently cited publications, for instance the proportion of publications that belong to the top 10% most frequently cited of their field. Recently, more complex percentile-based indicators were proposed. A difficulty in the calculation of percentile-based indicators is caused by the discrete nature of citation distributions combined with the presence of many publications with the same number of citations. We introduce an approach to calculating percentile-based indicators that deals with this difficulty in a more satisfactory way than earlier approaches suggested in the literature. We show in a formal mathematical framework that our approach leads to indicators that do not suffer from biases in favor of or against particular fields of science.

  16. The process for integrating the NNSA knowledge base.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkening, Lisa K.; Carr, Dorthe Bame; Young, Christopher John; Hampton, Jeff (Lockheed Martin Mission Services, Houston, TX); Martinez, Elaine

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From 2002 through 2006, the Ground Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research & Engineering (GNEMRE) program at Sandia National Laboratories defined and modified a process for merging different types of integrated research products (IRPs) from various researchers into a cohesive, well-organized collection know as the NNSA Knowledge Base, to support operational treaty monitoring. This process includes defining the KB structure, systematically and logically aggregating IRPs into a complete set, and verifying and validating that the integrated Knowledge Base works as expected.

  17. Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, large-area, triaxially textured, single-crystal or single-crystal-like, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

  18. Seismic transient deconvolution with model-based signal processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tague, J.A.; Schutz, K.D. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short duration seismic disturbances, obscured by earth noise and distorted by the seismometers used to measure them, can be reconstructed using model-based signal processing. Model based means that mathematical models of the seismic transient, earth noise, and seismometer dynamics are infused into the signal processor that estimates the disturbance. The processor imposes no predetermined structure on the transient and the earth noise need not be white. Model-based processors produce good quality estimates for a broad class of transient waveforms.

  19. LEVANTAMENTO DE REQUISITOS DE USURIO PARA CRIAR UMA BASE DE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROJETO LEVANTAMENTO DE REQUISITOS DE USUÁRIO PARA CRIAR UMA BASE DE DADOS DAS OBSERVA��ES DO BDA-se disponíveis para análise, sem que haja, no entanto uma base de dados definida para manipulação dos mesmos. Um da base de dados que iremos utilizar é o tabular. OBJETIVO O objetivo da solicitação da bolsa IC é

  20. Polymer and small molecule based hybrid light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Choong, Vi-En (Carlsbad, CA); Choulis, Stelios (Nuremberg, DE); Krummacher, Benjamin Claus (Regensburg, DE); Mathai, Mathew (Monroeville, PA); So, Franky (Gainesville, FL)

    2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic electroluminescent device, includes: a substrate; a hole-injecting electrode (anode) coated over the substrate; a hole injection layer coated over the anode; a hole transporting layer coated over the hole injection layer; a polymer based light emitting layer, coated over the hole transporting layer; a small molecule based light emitting layer, thermally evaporated over the polymer based light emitting layer; and an electron-injecting electrode (cathode) deposited over the electroluminescent polymer layer.