National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bons hfcs perfluorocarbons

  1. The greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs Danish consumption and emissions, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs and SF6 Danish consumption and emissions, 2007 Tomas Sander Poulsen AND EMISSION OF F-GASES 7 1.1.1 Consumption 7 1.1.2 Emission 7 1.1.3 Trends in total GWP contribution from F 21 4 EMISSION OF F-GASES 23 4.1.1 Emissions of HFCs from refrigerants 23 4.1.2 Emissions of HFCs from

  2. Research Opportunities 2014-15 Dr. Robin Bon Dr. Robin Bon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    Research Opportunities 2014-15 Dr. Robin Bon 1 Dr. Robin Bon r.bon@leeds.ac.uk phone: 0113 343 3196 tags such as GFP. Recent advances in chemical protein labelling have extended the suite of experiments

  3. Petroleum characterization by perfluorocarbon tracers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senum, G.I.; Fajer, R.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Harris, B.R. Jr. (USDOE Naval Petroleum Reserves in California, Tupman, CA (United States)); DeRose, W.E. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States)); Ottaviani, W.L. (Chevron U.S.A., Inc., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

    1992-02-01

    Perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs), a class of six compounds, were used to help characterize the Shallow Oil Zone (SOZ) reservoir at the Naval Petroleum Reserve in California (NPRC) at Elk Hills. The SOZ reservoir is undergoing a pilot gas injection program to assess the technical feasibility and economic viability of injecting gas into the SOZ for improved oil recovery. PFTs were utilized in the pilot gas injection to qualitatively assess the extent of the pilot gas injection so as to determine the degree of gas containment within the SOZ reservoir.

  4. Ozone-depleting substances and the greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozone-depleting substances and the greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs and SF6 Danish consumption contribution to the debate on environmental policy in Denmark. #12;3 Contents 1 SUMMARY 5 1.1 OZONE OZONE-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES 19 3.1 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 19 3.1.1 CFCs 19 3.1.2 Tetrachloromethane 19 3

  5. September/October 2006 Out of the Ivory Tower Safety of HFCS GM plants: GM-less Pollen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    _____________________________________________________________________________ Out of the Ivory Tower Safety of HFCS GM plants: GM-less Pollen Colony Condition ­ CA/US CSBA

  6. Perfluorocarbon tracer method for air-infiltration measurements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dietz, R.N.

    1982-09-23

    A method of measuring air infiltration rates suitable for use in rooms of homes and buildings comprises the steps of emitting perfluorocarbons in the room to be measured, sampling the air containing the emitted perfluorocarbons over a period of time, and analyzing the samples at a laboratory or other facility.

  7. Perfluorocarbons in the global atmosphere: tetrafluoromethane, hexafluoroethane, and octafluoropropane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhle, J.

    We present atmospheric baseline growth rates from the 1970s to the present for the long-lived, strongly infrared-absorbing perfluorocarbons (PFCs) tetrafluoromethane (CF4), hexafluoroethane (C2F6), and octafluoropropane ...

  8. Method for enhancing microbial utilization rates of gases using perfluorocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turick, Charles E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1997-01-01

    A method of enhancing the bacterial reduction of industrial gases using perfluorocarbons (PFCs) is disclosed. Because perfluorocarbons (PFCs) allow for a much greater solubility of gases than water does, PFCs have the potential to deliver gases in higher concentrations to microorganisms when used as an additive to microbial growth media thereby increasing the rate of the industrial gas conversion to economically viable chemicals and gases.

  9. Method for enhancing microbial utilization rates of gases using perfluorocarbons

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turick, C.E.

    1997-06-10

    A method of enhancing the bacterial reduction of industrial gases using perfluorocarbons (PFCs) is disclosed. Because perfluorocarbons (PFCs) allow for a much greater solubility of gases than water does, PFCs have the potential to deliver gases in higher concentrations to microorganisms when used as an additive to microbial growth media thereby increasing the rate of the industrial gas conversion to economically viable chemicals and gases. 3 figs.

  10. Ozone-depleting substances and the greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozone-depleting substances and the greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs and SF6 Danish consumption contribution to the debate on environmental policy in Denmark. #12;3 Contents 1 SUMMARY 5 1.1 OZONE OZONE-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES 18 3.1 IMPORTS AND EXPORTS 18 3.1.1 CFCs 18 3.1.2 Tetrachloromethane 19 3

  11. Nov/Dec 2007 Need HFCS Samples IVDS Instrument Stingless Bee Dance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    the list, then you do the same thing, but instead of sub, you use unsub or signoff, then the name of the list and your first and last names followed on the next line by hyphens. Need HFCS Samples Researchers- cloprid is a very interesting chemical. When applied to healthy plants, with no known organisms attacking

  12. BNL-65897-AB NEW DETECTABILITY IN ATMOSPHERIC PERFLUOROCARBON TRACING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BNL-65897-AB NEW DETECTABILITY IN ATMOSPHERIC PERFLUOROCARBON TRACING Russell N. Dietz, Gunnar I-source releases initially impacted the coast over a 5- to 40-mile extent; the next day, in some cases.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886. #12;

  13. Bon Homme County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-GasIllinois:Energy Authority Jump to:Bolivia:Vermont:Bon

  14. Bons Ventos Geradora de Energia S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to: navigation,BlogBlythBons Ventos

  15. Adieu BonJour: Getting Cognitive Possession of "Getting Cognitive Possession"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodes, Greg

    more I could want, what further questions remain to be settled. In the first part of this paper I argue that Lawrence BonJour's coherence theory of how such empirical knowledge is acquired does not work. In the second part I argue that our man...-in-the-street has neglected to mention a crucial intellectual operation which has in fact occurred—an operation quite different from anything pro­ posed by BonJour—and that when this operation is identified and made explicit his account will prove to be correct...

  16. Velocity of sound measurements in gaseous per-fluorocarbons and their custom mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacek, V; Lindsay, S

    2000-01-01

    An inexpensive sonar instrument was prepared for measurements of sound velocity in two fluorocarbon vapors; per-fluoro-n-propane (C3F8), per-fluoro-n-butane (C4F10), and their custom mixtures. The apparatus, measurement principle and instrument software are described. All sound velocity measurements in per-fluorocarbons were made in the low pressure range between 0.01 and 0.4 MPa, and at temperatures between 253 and 303 K. The purity of the C3F8 and C4F10 samples was checked using gas chromatography. Uncertainties in the speed of sound measurements were better than ± 0.1 %. Comparisons were made with theoretical predictions of sound velocity for the two individual components. The instrument was then used for concentration monitoring of custom C3F8/C4F10 mixtures.

  17. Les Bons Ingredients pour un Haut Niveau de Performance des Installations Climatiques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rougnon, J.

    2004-01-01

    ICEBO ? C ommiss 1 LES BONS INGREDIENTS POUR UN HAUT NIVEAU DE PERFORMANCE DES INSTALLATIONS CLIMATIQUES- Par Jean ROUGNON, Pr?sident de l?UCF ICEBO ? C ommiss 2 Une d?marche ?HAUT NIVEAU DE PERFORMANCE DES INSTALLATIONS CLIMATIQUES... = commissionnement !!! Un groupe de travail UCF cr?? pour donner une r?alit? concr?te au concept de commissionnement ICEBO ? C ommiss 3 Une r?gle /Un objectif Une R?gle : pour toutes installations,Performances ?nerg?tiques et qualit?s d?usage = valeurs reconnues...

  18. Pre-fire warning system and method using a perfluorocarbon tracer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dietz, Russell N. (Patchogue, NY); Senum, Gunnar I. (Patchogue, NY)

    1994-01-01

    A composition and method for detecting thermal overheating of an apparatus or system and for quickly and accurately locating the portions of the apparatus or system that experience a predetermined degree of such overheating. A composition made according to the invention includes perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs) mixed with certain non-reactive carrier compounds that are effective to trap or block the PFTs within the composition at normal room temperature or at normal operating temperature of the coated apparatus or system. When a predetermined degree of overheating occurs in any of the coated components of the apparatus or system, PFTs are emitted from the compositions at a rate corresponding to the degree of overheating of the component. An associated PFT detector (or detectors) is provided and monitored to quickly identify the type of PFTs emitted so that the PFTs can be correlated with the respective PFT in the coating compositions applied on respective components in the system, thereby to quickly and accurately localize the source of the overheating of such components.

  19. A Really Good Hammer: Quantification of Mass Transfer Using Perfluorocarbon Tracers (475th Brookhaven Lecture)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, Tom

    2012-02-15

    Brookhaven Lab’s perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) technology can be viewed as a hammer looking for nails. But, according to Tom Watson, leader of the Lab’s Tracer Technology Group in the Environmental Research and Technology Division (ERTD), “It’s a really good hammer!” The colorless, odorless and safe gases have a number of research uses, from modeling how airborne contaminants might move through urban canyons to help first responders plan their response to potential terrorist attacks and accidents to locating leaks in underground gas pipes. Their extremely low background level — detectable at one part per quadrillion — allows their transport to be easily tracked. Lab researchers used PFTs during the 2005 Urban Dispersion Program field studies in New York City, gathering data to help improve models of how a gas or chemical release might move around Manhattan’s tall buildings and canyons. Closer to home, scientists also used PFTs to make ventilation measurements in Bldg. 400 on the Lab site to provide data to test air flow models used in determining the effects of passive and active air exchange on the levels of indoor and outdoor air pollution, and to determine the effects of an accidental or intentional release of hazardous substances in or around buildings.

  20. Acoustic Droplet Vaporization, Cavitation, and Therapeutic Properties of Copolymer-Stabilized Perfluorocarbon Nanoemulsions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nam, Kweon-Ho; Christensen, Douglas A.; Rapoport, Natalya; Kennedy, Anne M.

    2009-04-14

    Acoustic and therapeutic properties of Doxorubicin (DOX) and paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded perfluorocarbon nanoemulsions have been investigated in a mouse model of ovarian cancer. The nanoemulsions were stabilized by two biodegradable amphiphilic block copolymers that differed in the structure of the hydrophobic block. Acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV) and cavitation parameters were measured as a function of ultrasound frequency, pressure, duty cycles, and temperature. The optimal parameters that induced ADV and inertial cavitation of the formed microbubbles were used in vivo in the experiments on the ultrasound-mediated chemotherapy of ovarian cancer. A combination tumor treatment by intravenous injections of drug-loaded perfluoropentane nanoemulsions and tumor-directed 1-MHz ultrasound resulted in a dramatic decrease of ovarian or breast carcinoma tumor volume and sometimes complete tumor resolution. However, tumors often recurred three to six weeks after the treatment indicating that some cancer cells survived the treatment. The recurrent tumors proved more aggressive and resistant to the repeated therapy than initial tumors suggesting selection for the resistant cells during the first treatment.

  1. Pre-fire warning system and method using a perfluorocarbon tracer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dietz, R.N.; Senum, G.I.

    1994-11-08

    A composition and method are disclosed for detecting thermal overheating of an apparatus or system and for quickly and accurately locating the portions of the apparatus or system that experience a predetermined degree of such overheating. A composition made according to the invention includes perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs) mixed with certain non-reactive carrier compounds that are effective to trap or block the PFTs within the composition at normal room temperature or at normal operating temperature of the coated apparatus or system. When a predetermined degree of overheating occurs in any of the coated components of the apparatus or system, PFTs are emitted from the compositions at a rate corresponding to the degree of overheating of the component. An associated PFT detector (or detectors) is provided and monitored to quickly identify the type of PFTs emitted so that the PFTs can be correlated with the respective PFT in the coating compositions applied on respective components in the system, thereby to quickly and accurately localize the source of the overheating of such components. 4 figs.

  2. Using CO2 Lidar for Standoff Detection of a Perfluorocarbon Tracer in Air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heiser,J.H.; Smith, S.; Sedlacek, A.

    2008-02-06

    The Tag, Track and Location System Program (TTL) is investigating the use of PFTs as tracers for tagging and tracking items of interest or fallen soldiers. In order for the tagging and tracking to be valuable there must be a location system that can detect the PFTs. This report details the development of an infrared lidar platform for standoff detection of PFTs released into the air from a tagged object or person. Furthering work performed using a table top lidar system in an indoor environment; a mobile mini lidar platform was assembled using an existing Raman lidar platform, a grating tunable CO{sub 2} IR laser, Judson HgCdTe detector and miscellaneous folding optics and electronics. The lidar achieved {approx}200 ppb-m sensitivity in laboratory and indoor testing and was then successfully demonstrated at an outdoor test. The lidar system was able to detect PFTs released into a vehicle from a distance of 100 meters. In its final, fully optimized configuration the lidar was capable of repeatedly detecting PFTs in the air released from tagged vehicles. Responses were immediate and clear. This report details the results of a proof-of-concept demonstration for standoff detection of a perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) using infrared lidar. The project is part of the Tag, Track and Location System Program and was performed under a contract with Tracer Detection Technology Corp. with funding from the Office of Naval Research. A lidar capable of detecting PFT releases at distance was assembled by modifying an existing Raman lidar platform by incorporating a grating tunable CO{sub 2} IR laser, Judson HgCdTe detector and miscellaneous folding optics and electronics. The lidar achieved {approx}200 ppb-m sensitivity in laboratory and indoor testing and was successfully demonstrated at an outdoor test. The demonstration test (scripted by the sponsor) consisted of three parked cars, two of which were tagged with the PFT. The cars were located 70 (closest) to 100 meters (farthest) from the lidar (the lidar beam path was limited by site constraints and was {approx}100 meters). When one door of each of the cars was opened (sequentially), the lidar was clearly able to determine which vehicles had been tagged and which one was not. The lidar is probably capable of greater than 0.5 kilometer standoff distances based on the extreme amount of signal return achieved (so much that the system had to be de-tuned). The BNL lidar system, while optimized to the extent possible with available parts and budget, was not as sensitive as it could be. Steps to improve the lidar are detailed in this report and include using a better laser system (for more stable power output), dual wavelengths (to improve the sensitivity and allow common mode noise reduction and to allow the use of the lidar in a scanning configuration), heterodyning (for range resolved PFT detection) and an off-axis optical configuration (for improved near field sensitivity).

  3. Taking Care Sick Kids' Mary Jo Haddad / Smarter Traffic Easing gridlock / Education for Africa MasterCard's fellowships Bon Appetit, Paris A food truck with flair / Search and Discovery U of T's changing libraries / Writing Contest Winners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    required. Get an online quote for Alumni Term Life Insurance to enter! Get an online quote for Life MasterCard's fellowships Bon Appetit, Paris A food truck with flair / Search and Discovery U of T's changing libraries / Writing Contest Winners 2013 #12;It's comforting to know you're covered. ALUMNI TERM

  4. Dr. Bon A. Dewitt PUBLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    . Barnes. 2003. "Forest Cover Mapping Using Image Transformation Techniques." Journal of Surveying and Land. "Detection of Positional Errors in Systems Utilizing Small-Format Digital Aerial Imagery and Navigation-433. Dewitt, B.A. 1996. "Initial Approximations for the Three Dimensional Conformal Coordinate Transformation

  5. Short-and long-term greenhouse gas and radiative forcing impacts of changing water management in Asian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be a source or sink of carbon dioxide. Changing water management of rice paddies can affect net emissions (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), evaluated as `carbon dioxide equivalent emissions' (Art. 3: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons

  6. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01

    , and nuclear energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) 1997 annual report, the industrialized countries including North America and Western Europe consumed more than 50% of the energy used in the world as illustrated in Table 1 [1..., such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) [2]. Total energy-related CO 2 emissions for the world in 2001 are estimated at 23,899 million metric tons. Emissions for the industrialized world (North America, Western...

  7. BonChe98.tex - Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finite-difference schemes can also be used to approximate solutions of the system model). ...... The head-on collision of two equal-sized solitary waves is classified as ..... picture of the result of the interaction which is the best in our knowledge. ... lines below are copied verbatim into the output document as TeX commands.

  8. MONITORING SUBSURFACE BARRIER INTEGRITY USING PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Laboratory, Hanford, Fernald, and Rocky Flats. Barriers are also considered an important reme (PFTs) have been tested as a means of barrier veri- fication at the Hanford geotech,¢cal test facility through the barrier. This paper discusses the experimental design, test reSUlts, data analysis

  9. Atmospheric and soil-gas monitoring for surface leakage at the San Juan Basin CO{sub 2} pilot test site at Pump Canyon New Mexico, using perfluorocarbon tracers, CO{sub 2} soil-gas flux and soil-gas hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wells, Arthur W.; Diehl, J. Rodney; Strazisar, Brian R.; Wilson, Thomas; H Stanko, Dennis C.

    2012-05-01

    Near-surface monitoring and subsurface characterization activities were undertaken in collaboration with the Southwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership on their San Juan Basin coal-bed methane pilot test site near Navajo City, New Mexico. Nearly 18,407 short tons (1.670 × 107 kg) of CO{sub 2} were injected into 3 seams of the Fruitland coal between July 2008 and April 2009. Between September 18 and October 30, 2008, two additions of approximately 20 L each of perfluorocarbon (PFC) tracers were mixed with the CO{sub 2} at the injection wellhead. PFC tracers in soil-gas and in the atmosphere were monitored over a period of 2 years using a rectangular array of permanent installations. Additional monitors were placed near existing well bores and at other locations of potential leakage identified during the pre-injection site survey. Monitoring was conducted using sorbent containing tubes to collect any released PFC tracer from soil-gas or the atmosphere. Near-surface monitoring activities also included CO{sub 2} surface flux and carbon isotopes, soil-gas hydrocarbon levels, and electrical conductivity in the soil. The value of the PFC tracers was demonstrated when a significant leakage event was detected near an offset production well. Subsurface characterization activities, including 3D seismic interpretation and attribute analysis, were conducted to evaluate reservoir integrity and the potential that leakage of injected CO{sub 2} might occur. Leakage from the injection reservoir was not detected. PFC tracers made breakthroughs at 2 of 3 offset wells which were not otherwise directly observable in produced gases containing 20–30% CO{sub 2}. These results have aided reservoir geophysical and simulation investigations to track the underground movement of CO{sub 2}. 3D seismic analysis provided a possible interpretation for the order of appearance of tracers at production wells.

  10. HDW Fuel Cell Systems GmbH HFCS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River Power Co LtdGunther SpelsbergGuyana:H-DHDW Fuel

  11. Case Study No. 2: Bon Appétit Management Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thistlethwaite, Rebecca; Brown, Martha

    2010-01-01

    compa- ny’s and diners’ carbon footprint. Working with inde-diners can assess the carbon footprint of each item they put

  12. Case Study No. 2: Bon Appétit Management Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thistlethwaite, Rebecca; Brown, Martha

    2010-01-01

    sustainability, packaging, food waste, etc. They decided tofruits; reducing food waste; composting when possible;

  13. Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossence Jump to: navigation,BloomerBluewatt JumpBoji

  14. Laboratory testing and modeling to evaluate perfluorocarbon compounds as tracers in geothermal systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reimus, Paul W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-21

    The thermal stability and adsorption characteristics of three perfluorinated hydrocarbon compounds were evaluated under geothermal conditions to determine the potential to use these compounds as conservative or thermally-degrading tracers in Engineered (or Enhanced) Geothermal Systems (EGS). The three compounds tested were perfluorodimethyl-cyclobutane (PDCB), perfluoromethylcyclohexane (PMCH), and perfluorotrimethylcyclohexane (PTCH), which are collectively referred to as perfluorinated tracers, or PFTs. Two sets of duplicate tests were conducted in batch mode in gold-bag reactors, with one pair of reactors charged with a synthetic geothermal brine containing the PFTs and a second pair was charged with the brine-PFT mixture plus a mineral assemblage chosen to be representative of activated fractures in an EGS reservoir. A fifth reactor was charged with deionized water containing the three PFTs. The experiments were conducted at {approx}100 bar, with temperatures ranging from 230 C to 300 C. Semi-analytical and numerical modeling was also conducted to show how the PFTs could be used in conjunction with other tracers to interrogate surface area to volume ratios and temperature profiles in EGS reservoirs. Both single-well and cross-hole tracer tests are simulated to illustrate how different suites of tracers could be used to accomplish these objectives. The single-well tests are especially attractive for EGS applications because they allow the effectiveness of a stimulation to be evaluated without drilling a second well.

  15. USING LIDAR TO MEASURE PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS FOR THE VERIFICATION AND MONITORING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and pilot-scale indoor experiments using an a continuous wave, line-tunable infrared CO2 laser were used region Using a pilot-scale lidar system in a 40 m indoor hallway air concentrations of PMCH were

  16. Emissions of greenhouse gases in the United States 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    This is the fourth Energy Information Administration (EIA) annual report on US emissions of greenhouse gases. This report presents estimates of US anthropogenic (human-caused) emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and several other greenhouse gases for 1988 through 1994. Estimates of 1995 carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and halocarbon emissions are also provided, although complete 1995 estimates for methane are not yet available. Emissions of carbon dioxide increased by 1.9% from 1993 to 1994 and by an additional 0.8% from 1994 to 1995. Most carbon dioxide emissions are caused by the burning of fossil fuels for energy consumption, which is strongly related to economic growth, energy prices, and weather. The US economy grew rapidly in 1994 and slowed in 1995. Estimated emissions of methane increased slightly in 1994, as a result of a rise in emissions from energy and agricultural sources. Estimated nitrous oxide emissions increased by 1.8% in 1995, primarily due to increased use of nitrogen fertilizers and higher output of chemicals linked to nitrous oxide emissions. Estimated emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs), which are known to contribute to global warming, increased by nearly 11% in 1995, primarily as a result of increasing substitution for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). With the exception of methane, the historical emissions estimates presented in this report are only slightly revised from those in last year`s report.

  17. Feasibility of a Perfluorocarbon tracer based network to support Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of Sequestered CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Peter D.

    , New York, 11073-5000 *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS emissions from fossil fuel based energy production through carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). CCS energy based economy. The Department of Energy (DOE) target leak rate for sequestration reservoirs is 1

  18. Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    contemporary fire car- bon emissions to satellite-basedon the simulated fire car- bon emissions to explain thedeforestation) fire car- bon emissions were between 2.0 and

  19. This article was downloaded by: [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UAlgarve] On: 18 October 2011, At: 08:01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Rita

    Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK European, Universidade do Algarve, Gambelas 8005-139, Faro, Portugal b Department of Marine Benthic Ecology and Evolution, Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, 9750 AA Haren, the Netherlands

  20. Prayer to Ta pi hri tsa - A short exposition of the Base, the Path and the Fruit in Bon Dzogchen teachings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurkovic, Ratka

    2009-01-01

    referred to as having three aspects: the base (gzhi), expressive energy (rtsal) and display of manifestation (rol pa). It is usually compared to an ocean on which the reflection of the sun can be seen. Whatever terms we use to explain the single great... sphere, it is only from the point of view of the display (rol pa), since from the point of view of the base (gzhi) everything is inseparable, empty and primordially pure. From the point of view of the ocean there is no difference whether the sun...

  1. Daily burned area and carbon emissions from boreal fires in Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veraverbeke, S; Rogers, BM; Randerson, JT

    2015-01-01

    of burned area and car- bon emission by fire at 450 mestimates of carbon emissions and car- bon consumption with

  2. Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    at total deforestation car- bon emissions is prone to largesavanna on fires car- were bon emissions. Savanna fires

  3. Effect of temperature and iron-oxide nano-particle inclusions on the ultrasound vaporization pressure of perfluorocarbon droplets for disease detection and therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amirriazi, Seyed Saleh

    2009-01-01

    irradiation, and hydrodynamic cavitation. More detailedacoustic and hydrodynamic cavitation which could potentially

  4. Greenhouse Gas Management Program Overview (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-11-01

    Program fact sheet highlighting federal requirements for GHG emissions management, FEMP services to help agencies reduce emissions, and additional resources. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) assists Federal agencies with managing their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GHG management entails measuring emissions and understanding their sources, setting a goal for reducing emissions, developing a plan to meet this goal, and implementing the plan to achieve reductions in emissions. FEMP provides the following services to help Federal agencies meet the requirements of inventorying and reducing their GHG emissions: (1) FEMP offers one-on-one technical assistance to help agencies understand and implement the Federal Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Guidance and fulfill their inventory reporting requirements. (2) FEMP provides training, tools, and resources on FedCenter to help agencies complete their annual inventories. (3) FEMP serves a leadership role in the interagency Federal Working Group on Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting that develops recommendations to the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) for the Federal Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Reporting Guidance. (4) As the focus continues to shift from measuring emissions (completing inventories) to mitigating emissions (achieving reductions), FEMP is developing a strategic planning framework and resources for agencies to prioritize among a variety of options for mitigating their GHG emissions, so that they achieve their reduction goals in the most cost-effective manner. These resources will help agencies analyze their high-quality inventories to make strategic decisions about where to use limited resources to have the greatest impact on reducing emissions. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the lower atmosphere, warming the earth's surface temperature in a natural process known as the 'greenhouse effect.' GHGs include carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}). Human activities have caused a rapid increase in GHG concentrations. This rising level contributes to global climate change, which contributes to environmental and public health problems.

  5. PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Infiltration Measurement Technique PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique The Brookhaven National Laboratory developed the PFT (PerFluorocarbon tracer gas) technique to...

  6. Indoor Air Quality in 24 California Residences Designed as High Performance Green Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Less, Brennan

    2012-01-01

    Air Plus Living Building Challenge Passive House EarthCraftof a passive perfluorocarbon tracer system for buildingof a green building, Energy Star or Passive House program.

  7. Air Emissions Operating Permit Regulations for the Purposes of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by including the EPA's Green House Gas Emission standards. Green House Gasses are: Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur...

  8. A Preliminary Report on Investigations into (Bon nyid) 'Od gsal and Zhi khro bar do in Earlier Zhang zhung sNyan rgyud and sNyan rgyud Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blezer, Henk

    2009-01-01

    with the particular script in which these manuscripts tend to be written but they also often involve remarkable “phonetic” mistakes that could indeed be indicative of an oral transmission. If I may I should like to add that both the cor- ruptions and the poor... in the description of 'chi kha'i bar do when referring to the relevant preparatory practices one could or should do while still alive.69 Compare the list of bar do-s in the Bar do 'od lnga ngos bzung ba'i man ngag to the slightly different set of bar do-s listed...

  9. Contribution aux nombrables de la tradition Bon po : l'Appendive de bsTan 'dzin Rin chen rgyal mtshan a la Sphere de Cristal des Dieux et des Demons de Shar rdza rin po che

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2003-01-01

    nombrables relèvent essentiellement de lapratique des Tantras Supérieurs (7e et 8e Véhicules), ainsi que du système dela Grande Perfection (rdzogs chen), même si une certaine part de ces nombra-bles se rencontre à l'évidence dans d’autres contextes, car leur... ’heure actuelle. Les choix effec-tués pour le présent article reflètent mes intérêts du moment mais leur sub-jectivité tient également à la nature cryptique de certains de ces nombrablesqui exigent des explications détaillées débordant du cadre du projet initial...

  10. Potential Low-Carbon Fuel Supply to the Pacific Coast Region of North America POTENTIAL LOW-CAR BON FU EL SUPPLY TO TH E PACIFIC C OAST R EGION OF N ORTH AMER ICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Potential Low-Carbon Fuel Supply to the Pacific Coast Region of North America ii POTENTIAL LOW-carbon fuel supply to the Pacific Coast region of North America. The International Council on Clean............................................................. 32 3.4. Consumption of E85 in flex-fuel vehicles

  11. Ecological Applications, 14(4) Supplement, 2004, pp. S55S71 2004 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saleska, Scott

    , about one half of anthropogenic car- bon dioxide emissions have remained in the atmo- sphere, while

  12. Recent and future trends in synthetic greenhouse gas radiative forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Doherty, S.

    Atmospheric measurements show that emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons are now the primary drivers of the positive growth in synthetic greenhouse gas (SGHG) radiative forcing. We infer recent ...

  13. EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions - High-GWP gases

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of total HFC emissions, including the group of other HFCsPFCsPFPEs. To encourage vehicle manufacturers to reduce emissions of HFC-134a from mobile air conditioners, the...

  14. MICRO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES ON TUNISIA'S AGRO-EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    study of strawberry adoption in Cap Bon. Results show that Tunisia has been successful in increasing is then evaluated, first in general and then using a specific case study of strawberry adoption in Cap Bon. 2

  15. 2001 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Clearance Center at www.copyright.com or (978) 750-8400. Geology; October 2001; v. 29; no. 10; p. 919922; 4 figures. 919

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Milligen, Boudewijn

    ¨t Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany Boudewijn P. van Milligen* Asociacio´n EURATOM-CIEMAT, Avenida Complutense and accumulation *E-mail addresses: Bons--bons@mail.uni-mainz. de; van Milligen--boudewijn.vanmilligen@ciemat

  16. Primary aluminum production : climate policy, emissions and costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harnisch, Jochen.; Sue Wing, Ian.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.

    Climate policy regarding perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may have a significant influence on investment decisions in the production of primary aluminum. This work demonstrates an integrated analysis of the effectiveness and likely ...

  17. The Clean Development Mechanism and Power Sector Reforms in Developing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), perfluorocarbons (PCFs inventories · CDM projects must lead to real, measurable and long-term climate change benefits · Eligible CDM

  18. Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10], C[subscript 5]F[subscript 12], C[subscript 6]F[subscript 14], C[subscript 7]F[subscript 16] and C[subscript 8]F[subscript 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivy, Diane J.

    Global emission estimates based on new atmospheric observations are presented for the acylic high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10]), dodecafluoropentane (C[subscript ...

  19. Air Exchange Rates in New Energy-Efficient Manufactured Housing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadley, D. L.; Bailey, S. A.

    1990-01-01

    manufactured homes. A standard door fan pressurization technique was used to estimate shell leakiness, and a passive perfluorocarbon tracer technique was used to estimate overall air exchange rates. A measurement of the designated whole-house exhaust system...

  20. MEMS Materials and Temperature Sensors for Down Hole Geothermal System Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wodin-Schwartz, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    processing. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 5(4),derived car- bon for microelectromechanical systems andtechnology. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 22(

  1. Nutrient Cycling in the Great lakes: A Summarization of Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .faetor, 1I,r..._.t h ..., .... _.r.bon fa.lou (Thoa.. !.!.!!. UfO) . tb......n ··· vblch .n 1t.t,IIl, tapaet

  2. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE GAS-GRAIN INTERACTION T. J. Millar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Tom

    atoms and taking up 10% of the total car- bon budget. These molecules, called polycyclic aromatic of water, but con- tain substantial components of methanol, ca

  3. Rglement disciplinaire l'intention des tudiants de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Titre I -- Parties aux infractions, tentatives, infractions et sanctions........................ 3 I. Infractions relatives aux études et sanctions................................................. 3 II. Infractions relatives au bon ordre et sanctions .............................................. 5 III

  4. Foundation Capital

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 years 1 year 6 months Technology maturity time to market Enzyme engineering Car- bon foam CO2 scrubbing w Carbon nanofibers Magnetic Processing Transgenic Poplar Microwave...

  5. MEMS Materials and Temperature Sensors for Down Hole Geothermal System Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wodin-Schwartz, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 5(4), 1996. [25]bon for microelectromechanical systems and electrochemicalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 22(1), 2013. [98

  6. Educational Programs | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Available Education is seeking a Learning Scientist, a STEM Teaching Specialist and Web Content Specialist for open Co-Op Positions. More Bon Voyage Argonne hosted over 300...

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 18811901, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/1881/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    (Puxty et al., 2009; Lepau- mier et al., 2009) for the CO2 absorption performance in Car- bon Capture. In addition, a water wash or mist eliminator install

  8. Atmospheric histories and global emissions of the anthropogenic hydrofluorocarbons HFC-365mfc, HFC-245fa, HFC-227ea, and HFC-236fa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rigby, Matthew

    We report on ground-based atmospheric measurements and emission estimates of the four anthropogenic hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) HFC-365mfc (CH[subscript 3]CF[subscript 2]CH[subscript 2]CF[subscript 3], 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane), ...

  9. Submission : 13583 Thesis proposal CSC 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenave, Charles

    , the quantity of CO2 released in this case represents only a tiny fraction of the total CO2 in the atmosphereSubmission : 13583 Thesis proposal CSC 2015 Title: Properties of CO2-N2 thermal plasmas with carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbon molecules (HFCs

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 52815297, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/5281/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    emissions of CH4, CO and H2 for one year. It is based on an atmospheric chemical transport model and on a simplified scheme for the oxidation chain of hydrocar- bons, including methane, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide that of methane (CH4), which is the second anthropogenic greenhouse gas after car- bon dioxide (CO2). Taking

  11. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 14451461, 2011 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/4/1445/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Hubertus

    ­ Published: 19 July 2011 Abstract. In order to provide high precision stable car- bon isotope ratios (13CO2 to measurement, N2O and organic sample contaminants are gas chromatographically separated from CO2. Pulses on past changes in the global car- bon cycle is the carbon isotopic signature of CO2 (13C, with 13C = [(13

  12. 22 WHOI 1999 Annual Report Landing Marine Laboratory) pur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, Ken

    fertilization as a proxy for car- bon export from the surface to the deep sea. Thorium is a naturally oc and a chemical drawdown of carbon di- oxide in the water column. But what was the fate of this car- bon? We know- lations. In the 1980s, the late John Martin (Moss Landing Marine Labo- ratory) advanced the idea that car

  13. Multi-Agent Based Techniques for Coordinating the Distribution of Electricity in a Micro-Grid Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    . 2 Background Research To reduce carbon emissions and ensure that the UK low car- bon emissions plan to the current national grid, the in- creasing demand for electricity will only result in more car- bon emissions carbon emissions. In order to ensure that this challenging low carbon emissions plan is met, not only

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 16491665, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/1649/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Philadelphia, USA ***now at: Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic with an aerodynamic di- ameter car- bon were measured continuously together is modern, primary OA in Barcelona contains a surprisingly high fraction (59 %) of non-fossil car- bon

  15. to damage the ozone layer in the stratosphere and are banned in developed countries. They are used as refrigerants, propellants,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huybrechts, Philippe

    CO2 from land-use change is not significant (see Table 1). Concentrations and GWPs for the six gases can be combined to yield one value expressed as million metric tons of CO2 equiva- lent to make as refrigerants, propellants, and foaming agents for plastics. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), GWP 7

  16. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 08 November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Craig

    and coring operations. The contamination from the drilling mud fluids was assessed using both perfluorocarbon-temperature conditions. Microbial contamination from drilling mud fluids to the core interior subsamples was further the drilling mud fluids were defined as possible contaminants in this study and were detected as minor

  17. Project House Dedication - 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    ) (11) Burke, N. E., Curtice, S., Little, C.T" and Seibert, A. F" Remoyal of Hydrocar;bons fr;om Oil-Field Brines by Flocculation with Car;bon Dioxide, SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, SPE 21046, P 457 (1991). 102 in equilibrium...., Little, C.T., and Seibert, A. F., Remoyal of Hydrocarbons fz;om Oil-Field Brines by Flocculation with Caz;bon Dioxide, SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, SPE 21046, P 457 (1991). ESL-IE-91-06-23 Proceedings from the 13th National...

  18. Precambrian Research 200203 (2012) 82103 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perfect, Ed

    2012-01-01

    Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, United States b Department of Geology, Gustavus of the Atar/El Mreiti groups, Taoudeni Basin, Mauritania, are characterized by car- bon isotope values

  19. Direction gnrale des technologies de l'information et de la communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    (ITIL), qui lui permettra de revoir tout son processus de gestion des incidents et des requêtes et de sa première phase, l'implantation du référentiel ITIL touche surtout les processus nécessaires au bon

  20. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Status and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    to 1997 #12;1 Status and Trends of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States 1986 to 1997 Thomas E. Dahl of the study including: Elaine Blok, Kevin Bon, John Cooper, David Dall, Jim Dick, Chuck Elliott, Gary Frazier

  1. Radiative forcing of natural forest disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    stand age on the boreal forest energy balance. Agriculturalcar- bon and energy cycling in the boreal forests, includingand Forest Meteorology, Liu HP, Randerson JT (2008) Interannual variability of surface energy

  2. The Guy at the Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Wolfram, Catherine D

    2007-01-01

    Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant Efficiency July 2007Controls: Labor Quality and Power Plant E ciency James B.on the fuel e ciency of power plants. Although electricity

  3. Continuous, Highly Flexible, and Transparent Graphene Films by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    . Thompson, and Chongwu Zhou, * Department of Electrical Engineering and Department of Chemistry-atom thick, two- dimensional crystalline arrangement of car- bon atoms with a quasi-linear dispersion re

  4. A& inifio study of the molecules BC and B& Jan M. L. Martin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    moderate levels of spin contamination that do not significantly affect relative energies may have), target tiles in nuclear fusion reactors (e.g., Refs. 5,6) and protective coating of car- bon fiber

  5. DOI: 10.1002/cvde.200506446 Aerosol Catalyst Particles for Substrate CVD Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on thin SiO2 films using iron and car- bon monoxide as the catalyst material and the carbon source of surfactants that can cause particle contamination.[14­16] Another common way of producing nanoparticles

  6. Structure and stoichiometry of ,,0001... 4HSiC/oxide interface Xingguang Zhu,1,2,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    address excess car- bon at or near the interface. Another MEIS report10 did not properly account for surface contamination. In light of these variable results, and because of the considerable attention

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 44994516, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4499/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , elemental car- bon (EC), nitrogen-organic carbon, industrial metal, and in- organic NaK inorganic particles and particle phase contaminants are generated that degrade human health and affect climate and visibility

  8. 13 FEBRUARY 2009 VOL 323 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org888 PERSPECTIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaanen, Jan

    and physical habitat of the lake, thus changing nutrient and contaminant cycling. Dissolved organic carbon can processes (13). Widespread regional changes in dissolved organic car- bon concentrations in inland waters

  9. A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    introduced to the analyses for the first time. In addition to the high car­ bon and nitrogen abundances is the product of CNO cycling, and that there is a significant contamination by material that has been converted

  10. A meta-analysis of soil microbial biomass responses to forest disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Sandra R; Treseder, Kathleen K

    2013-01-01

    bon emissions from Canadian forest fires, 1959–1999. Can. J.in forests. For example, forest fires burn an aver- age of ?type included: burn, forest fire, prescribed fire,

  11. Model of the competitive growth of amorphous carbon and diamond films I. J. Forda)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Ian

    be deposited on a silicon wafer mounted on a rotating platform, which was exposed sequen- tially to fluxes carbon films could be deposited (for an increase in the car- bon flux) or diamond films were produced (by

  12. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 14811490, 2011 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/4/1481/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) is a Fourier Transform Spectrometer on board the NASA Aura platform useful for identifying and quanti- fying trace atmospheric gases, among which are ozone, car- bon

  13. Laser direct growth of graphene on silicon substrate Dapeng Wei and Xianfan Xua)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Xianfan

    will provide a new approach and platform for applications of graphene. VC 2012 American Institute of Physics-dimensional atomic-thick crystal with car- bon atoms packed in a honeycomb lattice, is regarded as one of the most

  14. Entrepreneurial dreams, harsh realities: Aspirations and mobility in informal and formal retail jobs in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Diana; Tilly, Chris

    2013-01-01

    branded goods such as  popsicles.   TOTAL  We intentionally the mobile vendors—sold popsicles supplied by the  BonIce Daniel found a job selling popsicles, juice, and yogurt on 

  15. Innovations le MaPPeM et DOreMI Zoom sur le parcours de Paul trguer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    mer, j'ai toujours orienté mes recherches vers cet espace qui, par bon- heur, s'est révélé être un

  16. Renewable and alteRnative eneRgy Fact Sheet College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    using ethanol rather than methanol, the resulting molecules are"fatty acid ethyl esters hand, consists of about 95 percent saturated hydrocar- bons and 5 percent aromatic compounds.1

  17. Abstract This study compares approximately weekly soil respiration across two forestpasture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the mass of car- bon held in the atmosphere and three to five times the mass of carbon in aboveground vege emissions associated with shifts in vegetation cover and to identify the major controls on these processes

  18. Climate Change Action in Arizona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Steve

    2009-01-01

    that increasing emissions of car- bon dioxide (C02), methaneCalifornia "Clean Car" GHG vehicle emissions standards; 28.gas exhaust emission limits for passenger car, light-duty

  19. A meta-analysis of soil microbial biomass responses to forest disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Sandra R; Treseder, Kathleen K

    2013-01-01

    bon emissions from Canadian forest fires, 1959–1999. Can. J.10 years following boreal forest fires (Johnson and Curtis,follow- ing harvesting and forest fires may be controlled by

  20. Vanadyl tert-Butoxy Orthosilicate, OV[OSi(OtBu)3]3: A Model for Isolated Vanadyl Sites on Silica and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    performance for propane oxidative dehydrogenation. Introduction The direct oxidation of organic compounds combustion. For this reason, studies on the selective oxidation of hydrocar- bons have focused on metal oxide

  1. Published: October 04, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 23008 dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp207350r |J. Phys. Chem. C 2011, 115, 2300823012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alavi, Ali

    Information ' INTRODUCTION Adsorbed hydroxyl (OHad) is a key intermediate in many catalytic reactions over transition metals. For Pt, these include oxidations of organic molecules, steam reforming of hydrocar- bons

  2. Modeling, Design, and Analysis of III-V Nanowire Transistors and Tunneling Transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khayer, Mohammad Abul

    2011-01-01

    semiconductor nanowires (NWs), car- bon nanotubes (CNTs), and single-atomic layers of carbon called graphene.semiconductor NWs (based on both III-V and Si), carbon nanotubes and single layer of carbon called graphene [

  3. Padova, 29 novembre 2010 Arturo Lorenzoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    energy technologies have to give proper answers to 2 main challenges in the long term. We need to find the sustainable soluBons to the energy supply conundrum. Most energy companies have very short Bme horizons due to stock

  4. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 71, NO. 2 (MARCH-APRIL 2006); P. G43G51, 11 FIGS., 1 TABLE. 10.1190/1.2187748

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    to assess the resistivity of potential hydrocar- bon reservoirs before drilling. We examine the sensitiv information on the porosity and pore geometry of geologic formations as well as the nature of the fluids

  5. Electrophoretic Deposition for Inexpensive Carbon Nano-Composite Lithium Air Battery Cathodes Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering Research Experience for Undergraduates Summer 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    materials [4]. In this study we use electropho- retic deposition (EPD) to create car- bon nanotube and nanotube-nanohorn composite cathodes and test batteries using them to compare discharge characteristics Conclusions Functionalized Nanotube Cathodes Unfunctionalized Nanotube Cathodes Electrophoretic Deposition

  6. EVALUATION DES BASES DE DONNES MEDICAMENTEUSES DISPONIBLES SUR LE MARCHE FRANAIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    pharmacological class drugs but redundancies and illogical situations are hardly intercepted. They seem manage médical partagé, conventions) ou en soins hospitaliers (contrat de bon usage du médicament). Les premières

  7. U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Members: Curricula Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AmericanAssocia- tion of En gi neering So ci eties and the Na tional Au du bon So ci ety. He is a mem ber of Tau Beta Pi

  8. Comment on ``Ag organisation on Ni(1 1 1) surface" [Surface Science 602 (2008) 2363

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brune, Harald

    2008-01-01

    images were recorded in the constant-current mode (with the stated voltage referring to the electric coverage of 0.1 monolayer (ML). The interpretation of Cham- bon et al. is based on the assumption

  9. Study of multi-component fuel premixed combustion using direct numerical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaou, Zacharias M.

    2014-04-29

    on a daily basis during the course of this research. I would also like to acknowledge the funding through the Low Car- bon Energy University Alliance Programme supported by Tsinghua University, China, and also the educational grant through the A...

  10. The demography of the Upper Palaeolithic hunter–gatherers of Southwestern France: A multi-proxy approach using archaeological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    French, Jennifer C.

    2015-05-16

    into sub-phases, although ambi- guities are present throughout the chronological sequence as a result of conflicts between absolute dates and stratigraphy, and questions surrounding the chronologically diagnostic nature of some type-fossils (e.g. Bon, 2002...

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 52375261, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/5237/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    car- bon refractive indices, new cloud radiative properties consid- ering the effect of aerosol and abundance via the modification of the thermal structure of the atmosphere and the surface energy budget

  12. Limnol. Oceanogr., 50(1), 2005, 311327 2005, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organic car- bon to the deep ocean. Increased new production and carbon export is the primary mechanism Research Office, Office of Science, U.S. De- partment of Energy, and for RIB Polar Star logistical support

  13. Deformation of a free interface pierced by a tilted cylinder variation of the contact angle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Simon

    shape where it meets the cylinder. Keywords: interface, surface tension, cylinder, energy minimization 1 and cleaning [5, 6, 7], the assembly of hairs, car- bon nanotubes and biological filaments [8, 9, 10, 11, 12 the new minimum area configuration o

  14. Design and Analysis of Salmonid Tagging Studies in the Columbia Basin, Volume XVI; Alternative Designs for Future Adult PIT-Tag Detection Studies, 2000 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Comas, Jose A.; Skalski, John R.

    2000-09-25

    In the advent of the installation of a PIT-tag interrogation system in the Cascades Island fish ladder at Bonneville Dam (BON), and other CRB dams, this overview describes in general terms what can and cannot be estimated under seven different scenarios of adult PIT-tag detection capabilities in the CRB. Moreover, this overview attempted to identify minimal adult PIT-tag detection configurations required by the ten threatened Columbia River Basin (CRB) chinook and steelhead ESUs. A minimal adult PIT-tag detection configuration will require the installation of adult PIT-tag detection facilities at Bonneville Dam and another dam above BON. Thus, the Snake River spring/summer and fall chinook salmon, and the Snake River steelhead will require a minimum of three dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities to guarantee estimates of ''ocean survival'' and at least of one independent, in-river returning adult survival (e.g., adult PIT-tag detection facilities at BON and LGR dams and at any other intermediary dam such as IHR). The Upper Columbia River spring chinook salmon and steelhead will also require a minimum of three dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities: BON and two other dams on the BON-WEL reach. The current CRB dam system configuration and BPA's and COE's commitment to install adult PIT-tag detectors only in major CRB projects will not allow the estimation of an ''ocean survival'' and of any in-river adult survival for the Lower Columbia River chinook salmon and steelhead. The Middle Columbia River steelhead ESU will require a minimum of two dams with adult PIT-tag detection capabilities: BON and another upstream dam on the BON-McN reach. Finally, in spite of their importance in terms of releases, PIT-tag survival studies for the Upper Willamette chinook and Upper Willamette steelhead ESUs cannot be perform with the current CRB dam system configuration and PIT-tag detection capabilities.

  15. Traka yon kretyen pandan vwayaj li : adaptasyon liv “Pilgrim’s Progress" / John Bunyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paultre, Carrie?; Bunyan, John; Ross, Jim D.; Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    konmanse pfcdi tbt li. K6m li te fin aswe, yo fe 1 ale kouche nan kabann li, paske yo konprann yon bon ti domi ta mete lespri 1 anplas. Men nwit la te move tankou jounen an. Li te si eksite, li pa t kapab jwenn som£y. Li pase tout nwit la ap plede... kite zanmi nou 8 yo, kalite bon jan van ki gen isit la?» Kretyen menm reponn yo: «Se sa menm mwen di nou pou nou fe. Zanmi ak plezi pa kapab vin we devan sa m ap chache a. Paske kote m prale a, se la ki gen tout bon bagay. Vin non n a we si sa m...

  16. Ann bay lodyans 6 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a. AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN PM 7 8 5 4 .H39 A 5 6 2 0 0 0 V . 6 Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 1997 PINGALOT AK ELIFET Vwala te gen yon wa ki rele Pingalot. Men wa sa a... te yon neg sitelman rayisab tout peyi a t ap soufri. Nan peyi sa a te gen yon msye ki rele Elifet. Se te yon bon moun ki te konn travay di, e ki te fe ekonomi jous li rive monte yon gwo kay menm pi bel pase kay wa a. Konsa, Pingalot moveanpil...

  17. Survival Creole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2002-01-01

    afternoon! / Good evening! Bonswa! How are you? Kijan ou ye? Not bad. Pa pi mal. And yourself? E ou menm? Great! Anfòm! I’m getting along. M ap kenbe. Hang in there! Kenbe, pa lage! Have a good trip! Bon vwayaj! Bye-bye. Babay. See you (God willing). N a wè... lopital la? Where does it hurt you? (Ki) kote li fè ou mal? That hurts me (a little / Sa fè mwen mal (yon ti jan / a lot). anpil). It is not serious. Sa pa grav. It is better now. Sa pi bon kounyeya. I am having my period. Mwen gen règ mwen. I have...

  18. Ann bay lodyans 11 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 11 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 PM Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 1997 YON PWASON KI RELE TEZEN Vwala se yon jennfi yo rele Wozilya ak yon jennjan yo rele Tezen ki...

  19. Ann bay lodyans 9 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml MARYAJ MALIS TWOUKOUKOU Vwala se Malis ki gen yon sel... rantre nan chanm Ian ak yon lanp. Yo gade, epi yo we moun ak mouchwa wouj la. Yo peze kou moun ak foula a jous li toufe, epi yo ale. Nan denmen maten, Malis leve. L al di yo: "Mezanmi, mesi anpil. M gen lontan m pa gen yon bon nwit kon sa...

  20. Ann bay lodyans 8 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml YON TOTI K AP CHANTE Vwala te gen yon neg yo rele... Gwoje. Msye te konn plante diri. Chak ane li pa janm ka fe bon rekot. Bet yo pran tout plezi yo nan manje jaden diri a. Se konsa, Gwoje blije mete veye pou trape vole k ap depafini jaden I la. Yon jou, pandan Pijon ak Kanna ap soti pou al nan jaden...

  1. Ann bay lodyans 15 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS15 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. H ^ AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN 2 0 0 0 Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 v. 15 YON KONTRA AK LEDJAB Vwala te gen yon malerez ki te deja gen douz pitit, e...

  2. Ann bay lodyans 5 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 5 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben.... Tijo we yon tig ki te tonbe nan yon gwo twou. Li pa t kapab soti paske twou a fon. Kounye a tig la prizonye. Li di Tijo: "Ou se yon bon ti gason, ede m soti, souple." Tijo reponn: "Si mwen retire ou nan twou a, ou ap manje m." Tig la di: "O non...

  3. Ann bay lodyans 14 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml fcjNlVfcHto" r ' K A N S A S L lBf iAH.r ANN BAY... LODYANS1 4 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a. A 51* AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN PM 7854 .H39 A56 2000 v. 14 Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 YON TI PYE ZORANJ Se istwa yon ti fi ki...

  4. Ann bay lodyans 3 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 3 Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben...") ki pare ti liv sa a. AYITI SE PEP AYISYEN Enstiti Etid Ayisyen - Inivesite Kannzas Bon Nouvel Fondasyon Alfa Lwes 2000 PM 7854 • H39 A56 KUAN POU M JWENN KOB? Vwala te gen yon zarenyen ki te raze net. Li di nan tet li: "M bezwen jwenn kob...

  5. Wo?ch nan sole?y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paultre, Carrie?; Ross, Jim D.; Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    rakonte kalite bon bagay yo te fe kado nan lari a. Pou di laverite, se pa t fot pesonn, paske jou yo te vini nan katye bo lakay li a, li te kouche plat ate ak yon lafyev. Se sa k fe, jou vennsenk (25) desanm sa a, malerez la leve san senk (5) kob nan... la. Pouki gad pa arete moun sa yo?» Le Melani konprann tout bon se avek li madmwazel la t ap pale, se pa ti wont malerez la wont. Li pa konn ki pye pou 1 mete devan, ki pye pou 1 mete deye pou 1 chache yon kote pou 1 kache. Te gen yon jenn gason...

  6. Method for inducing hypothermia

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Lance B. (Chicago, IL); Hoek, Terry Vanden (Chicago, IL); Kasza, Kenneth E. (Palos Park, IL)

    2003-04-15

    Systems for phase-change particulate slurry cooling equipment and methods to induce hypothermia in a patient through internal and external cooling are provided. Subcutaneous, intravascular, intraperitoneal, gastrointestinal, and lung methods of cooling are carried out using saline ice slurries or other phase-change slurries compatible with human tissue. Perfluorocarbon slurries or other slurry types compatible with human tissue are used for pulmonary cooling. And traditional external cooling methods are improved by utilizing phase-change slurry materials in cooling caps and torso blankets.

  7. Method for inducing hypothermia

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Lance B. (Chicago, IL); Hoek, Terry Vanden (Chicago, IL); Kasza, Kenneth E. (Palos Park, IL)

    2008-09-09

    Systems for phase-change particulate slurry cooling equipment and methods to induce hypothermia in a patient through internal and external cooling are provided. Subcutaneous, intravascular, intraperitoneal, gastrointestinal, and lung methods of cooling are carried out using saline ice slurries or other phase-change slurries compatible with human tissue. Perfluorocarbon slurries or other slurry types compatible with human tissue are used for pulmonary cooling. And traditional external cooling methods are improved by utilizing phase-change slurry materials in cooling caps and torso blankets.

  8. Method for inducing hypothermia

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Lance B.; Hoek, Terry Vanden; Kasza, Kenneth E.

    2005-11-08

    Systems for phase-change particulate slurry cooling equipment and methods to induce hypothermia in a patient through internal and external cooling are provided. Subcutaneous, intravascular, intraperitoneal, gastrointestinal, and lung methods of cooling are carried out using saline ice slurries or other phase-change slurries compatible with human tissue. Perfluorocarbon slurries or other slurry types compatible with human tissue are used for pulmonary cooling. And traditional external cooling methods are improved by utilizing phase-change slurry materials in cooling caps and torso blankets.

  9. Demonstration of high efficiency elastocaloric cooling with large Delta T using NiTi wires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cui, J; Wu, YM; Muehlbauer, J; Hwang, YH; Radermacher, R; Fackler, S; Wuttig, M; Takeuchi, I

    2012-08-13

    Vapor compression (VC) is by far the most dominant technology for meeting all cooling and refrigeration needs around the world. It is a mature technology with the efficiency of modern compressors approaching the theoretical limit, but its environmental footprint remains a global problem. VC refrigerants such as hydrochloroflurocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a significant source of green house gas emissions, and their global warming potential (GWP) is as high as 1000 times that of CO2 [Buildings Energy Data Book (Building Technologies Program, Department of Energy, 2009)]. There is an urgent need to develop an alternative high-efficiency cooling technology that is affordable and environmentally friendly [A. D. Little, Report For Office of Building Technology State and Community Programs, Department of Energy, 2001]. Here, we demonstrate that elastocaloric cooling (EC), a type of solid-state cooling mechanism based on the latent heat of reversible martensitic transformation, can have the coefficient of performance as high as 1 1, with a directly measured Delta T of 17 degrees C. The solid-state refrigerant of EC completely eliminates the use of any GWP refrigerants including HCFCs/HFCs. (C) 2012 American Institute. of Physics. [http://dx.doiorg/10.1063/1.4746257

  10. 2012 All rights reserved. 5801 South Ellis Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60637 773.702.1234 uchicago.edu @UChicago facebook.com/uchicago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Everett Kovler Café 5807 S. Woodlawn Ave. (in Harper Center) Law School Café 1111 E. 60th St. (in Green of operations for all of our dining facilities. Quick Fix Argo Tea 5758 S. Maryland Ave. (in DCAM lobby) Au Bon

  11. Mission Day The Call to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    knowledge and expertise on sustainability. #12;Our research Water research in Thailand Coffee waste water treatment in Nicaragua Garden- based education in the International District #12;The foods we enjoy... Bon Appétit buys local and organic whenever possible. The Farm to Fork program sources locally produced items

  12. Multiple Percolation in a Carbon-Filled Polymer Composites via Foaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    . However, there are few publi- cations reporting on the electrical conductivity of foam polymer composites6Multiple Percolation in a Carbon-Filled Polymer Composites via Foaming M. R. Thompson,1 G. H conductivity for a car- bon-filled cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) composite incorpo- rating both chopped carbon

  13. Nonlinear Elastomers: Modeling and Estimation \\Lambda H. T. Banks y N. J. Lybeck y B. C. Mu~noz z L. C. Yanyo z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    constructed from polymer (long molecular chains of covalently bonded atoms often having cross­linking chains) composites such as elastomers filled with car­ bon black and/or silica or with active elements (i.e., piezoelectric, magnetic or conductive particles). These rubber based products (even without active elements

  14. i i 'i i WWW--i i http://www.icmp.lviv.ua/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cycled under the same conditions. #12;2 During the discharge of the battery, lithium is dissolved ' & $ % Dmitry Portnyagin MODELLING OF CYCLING OF LITHIUM BATTERY WITH MICROPOROUS CARBON ELECTRODE E-mail: port . Modelling of cycling of lithium battery with microporous car- bon electrode D.V. Portnyagin Abstract

  15. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 26352656, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2635/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of chemically active species, such as methane, re- quires a good knowledge of OH OH space and time varia- tions including methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), Non-Methane Hydrocar- bons, and halogenated species by several authors to infer OH fields based on different methodologies (Krol et al., 2003; Den- tener et al

  16. Helicoids, Wrinkles, and Loops in Twisted Ribbons Julien Chopin* and Arshad Kudrolli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudrolli, Arshad

    subject to twist under tension and develop an integrated phase diagram of the observed shapes and transitions. We find that the primary buckling mode switches from being localized longitudinally along loop formation has been shown using numerical simulations [13­15]. In the case where the rib- bon

  17. Route-Specific Passage and Survival of Steelhead Kelts at The Dalles and Bonneville Dams, 2012 - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayamajhi, Bishes; Ploskey, Gene R.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weiland, Mark A.; Faber, Derek M.; Kim, Jin A.; Colotelo, Alison HA; Deng, Zhiqun; Fu, Tao

    2013-07-31

    This study was mainly focused on evaluating the route-specific passage and migration success of steelhead kelts passing downstream through The Dalles Dam (TDA) and Bonneville Dam (BON) at Columbia River (CR) river kilometers 309 and 234 respectively. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) personnel collected, tagged and released out-migrating steelhead kelts in the tributaries of the Deschutes River, 15 Mile Creek and Hood River between April 14 and June 4, 2012. A PIT tag was injected into each kelt’s dorsal sinus whereas a Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) acoustic micro-transmitter was attached to an external FLoy T-bar tag and inserted into the dorsal back musculature using a Floy tagging gun. JSATS cabled arrays were deployed at TDA and BON and autonomous node arrays were deployed near Celilo, Oregon (CR325); the BON forebay (CR236); the BON tailrace (CR233); near Knapp, Washington (CR156); and near Kalama, Washington (CR113) to monitor the kelts movement while passing through the dams and above mentioned river cross-sections.

  18. Magnetic Properties and Diffusion of Adatoms on a Graphene Sheet P. O. Lehtinen,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordlund, Kai

    Magnetic Properties and Diffusion of Adatoms on a Graphene Sheet P. O. Lehtinen,1 A. S. Foster,1 A.70.Rf As the techniques for growth and preparation of carbon nanostructures have developed, the list,17] and diffusion [18] of a car- bon adatom on a graphene sheet, yet the results were markedly different, and none

  19. Boron nanowires for flexible electronics Jifa Tian, Jinming Cai, Chao Hui, Chendong Zhang, Lihong Bao, Min Gao,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    %. Importantly, simultaneous electrical measurement reveals that the corresponding electrical conductance is very electrical performance even under large mechanical strain. Recently, significant efforts have been ap- plied cova- lent molecular compounds, but differs dramatically from car- bon in having one less valence

  20. WANG ET AL. VOL. 5 ' NO. 5 ' 41694176 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    , Kosmas Galatsis,§,* and Chongwu Zhou,* Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, United States, Department of Electrical Engineering, University to this work. T he application of single-walled car- bon nanotubes in advanced electro- nics has been heavily

  1. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 48334850, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/4833/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    as a function of the particle size and the surface wind speed raised to the power 3.41. The emission parame in the atmosphere, including sulfate, black and organic car- bon, mineral dust and sea salt (Haywood et al., 1999

  2. The role of various dissolved organic matter forms on chlorpyrifos bioavailability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decho, Alan

    microenvironment that facilitates the binding of highly hydrophobic organic contaminants. DOM properties such as organic car- bon content, abundance of hydrophobic and polar macromolecules, organic mat- ter composition of many contaminants potentially reducing their bio- availability and toxicity to marine and estuarine

  3. Decomposition of catechol and carbonaceous residues on TiO2,,110...: A model system for cleaning of extreme ultraviolet lithography optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diebold, Ulrike

    oxidize and/or become contaminated with residual carbon, which significantly low- ers the mirror electron yield and rapid contamination of the reflective optics. In prototype mir- ror systems, the deposits are predominantly composed of car- bon and hydrogen with oxygen as a minority species.2,3 Capping

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Controls on the contemporary distribution of lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    as a result of contaminant inputs, particularly nutrients. Fifty-eight samples yielded statistically associated with winter de-icing operations. Substrate characteristics, total organic car- bon and metal contaminants (particularly Cu and Mg) also influenced the faunas of some samples. A series of partial CCAs show

  5. Ice Lithography for Nanodevices Dimitar Vlassarev,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golovchenko, Jene A.

    as a mask for lift-off without the device degradation and contamination associated with e-beam imaging-dimensional structures, through-resist mapping and registration of nanostructures, and simple, contamination-free removal, see Support- ing Information). Our sample consists of single-walled car- bon nanotubes (SWCNTs) grown

  6. Shock chlorination is a method of disinfect-ing a water well. It is recommended when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    system is contaminated with bacte- ria. Contamination can occur when the well is installed, when repairs is the source of bacteria, the system will be contaminated again every time water is pumped into the plumbing be disinfected. Drinking water filters, such as car- bon filters, should be temporarily disconnected or by

  7. Center for Urban Science + Progress CUSP Spring Session

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    which is 7 - 10 min by walk from the workshop venue. Starbucks 6 MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, NY 22-2 · starbucks.com #12;Center for Urban Science + Progress 3 Au Bon Pain 70 Myrtle Ave, Brooklyn, NY One Metro

  8. Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machanick, Philip

    at an increasing rate as technologies such as wind, solar and carbon capture and storage mature ­ hence the need.machanick@gmail.com, petfr@ida.liu.se Abstract There is growing evidence that anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will then grow at an increas- ing rate as technologies such as wind, solar and car- bon capture and storage

  9. Research Group: Environmental Economics and Natural Resources July 16, 2009 Climate Change Mitigation Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    model with climate change and three R&D sectors dedicated to energy, backstop and CCS (Carbon Capture, and according to the IPPC (2005), CCS (Car- bon Capture and Storage) seems promising. As formulated by Hoert et of primary energy, is intimately linked to sequestration. Carbon capture, sometimes referred to emis- sions

  10. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 327 5 MARCH 2010 1199 CREDIT:WIKIMEDIACOMMONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    systems will be used to power buildings in the Expo Park. The use of this clean power is expected to save an estimated 4100 tons of car- bon dioxide emissions annually, compared with coal-fired electric power (7T.Zhuhighlightedtheopportunitiesandchallengesthatexistformegacitiestoaddress air quality and climate change issues. In China, only 60.5% of the 287 large cities monitored in 2007

  11. Published online 17 April 2014 Nucleic Acids Research, 2014, Vol. 42, No. 10 e83 doi: 10.1093/nar/gku250

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    onto either magnetic beads or gold nanoparticles grafted with the com- plementary ODN, as shown proteins Christel Le Bon1 , Eduardo Antonio Della Pia2 , Fabrice Giusti1 , No´emie Lloret2 , Manuela) are specially designed amphi- pathic polymers that stabilize membrane proteins (MPs) in aqueous solutions

  12. Control-oriented input-delay model of the distributed temperature of a SI engine exhaust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the combustion: hydrocar- bons HC, carbon monoxide CO and nitrogen oxide NOx. Yet, conversion efficiency Delphine, warm-up strategies are performed by increasing the exhaust gas tem- peratures via combustion timing shifting [8]. This open-loop technique leads to a faster heating of the catalyst but also yields combustion

  13. Thermal decomposition of surfactant coatings on Co and Ni nanocrystals V. Perez-Dieste, O. M. Castellini, J. N. Crain, M. A. Eriksson, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Thermal decomposition of surfactant coatings on Co and Ni nanocrystals V. Pe´rez-Dieste, O. M stability to reactive transition metals,9 analogous to the use of a car- bon coating.10 Furthermore, organic coated with oleic acid and oleylamine.8 This ratio is proportional to the ratio of the NEXAFS signals

  14. GEO Secretariat Global Earth Observing System of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Epidemiology 3. Energy Management 4. Climate Variability & Change 5. Water Management 6. Weather Forecasting 7© GEO Secretariat Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS): Biodiversity, Ecosystems and GEO BON GEO Forest Monitoring Symposium 4 November 2008 Douglas M. Muchoney, Ph.D. U.S. Geological

  15. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 23952402, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2395/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    in the gas phase reactions of OH and Cl with CH3Cl, CD3Cl, and 13 CH3Cl A. A. Gola1,*, B. D'Anna1, K. L, Universitetsparken 5, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark *permanent address: Department of Physical Chemistry, Medical- bon with a burden of around 5 Tg nearly all of which is thought to be of natural origin (Khalil

  16. Suggestions for the Road to Copenhagen University of California, Berkeley, karp@are.berkeley.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Suggestions for the Road to Copenhagen Larry Karp University of California, Berkeley, karp than carbon taxes. A Central Bank maintains stability of car- bon prices by defending a price ceiling clause, emissions trade, taxes versus cap and trade, price stability, carbon leakage, trade restrictions

  17. Community Page Putting the Pieces Together: Integrative Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    Community Page Putting the Pieces Together: Integrative Modeling Platform Software for Structure that evaluates candidate models. We describe our software suite, Integrated Modeling Platform, and invite members car- bon copy) [3]. The value of integrative modeling is illustrated by its application to the yeast

  18. 4D imaging of fracturing in organic-rich shales during heating Maya Kobchenko,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheibert, Julien

    and pressure rise, and kerogen decomposes into low molecular weight hydrocar- bon fluids (gas and oil), which escape in low permeability rocks, we performed time-resolved in situ X-ray tomography imaging matter. Kerogen decomposition is thought to cause an internal pressure build up sufficient to form cracks

  19. DE LA VIE CULTURELLE Au-del des activits culturelles proposes par votre tablissement,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudoin, Geneviève

    .colline.fr LA FERME DU BUISSON : est un lieu qui propose des espaces de plein air, des salles de spectacles, des Espaces culturels situés à proximité des établissements d'UPE : Ce soir, je sors! #12;37 BON � SAVOIR La

  20. On the detection of higher order carbon sulfides (CSx; x = 46) in low temperature carbon disulfide ices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    been exploited to trap and to produce carbon sulfur clusters. Pyro- lysis and ultra violet (UVOn the detection of higher order carbon sulfides (CSx; x = 4­6) in low temperature carbon disulfide (CS6, C2) ­ were detected for the first time via infrared spectroscopy in low temperature car- bon

  1. R E W E DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUEE Colloque C4, Supplbment au n04, Tome 24, Avril 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    EXCITATIONS IN SILICA AEROGELS R. MAYNARD, R. CALEMCZUK*, A.M. DE GOER*, B. SALCE*, J. BON*, E. BONJOUR* and A son ont bte mesur&s entre 0.1 K e t 10 K sur des aerogels de s i l i c e de f a i b l e densite ( p density s i l i c a aerogels ( p

  2. www.biosciencemag.org November 2012 / Vol. 62 No. 11 BioScience 977 A Global System for Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    to regularly track changes in ecosystem services across the globe. This information will serve diverse for Monitoring Ecosystem Service Change HeatHer tallis, HarOlD MOOney, sanDy anDelMan, Patricia Balvanera systems. We present a conceptual framework envisioned by the GEO BON Ecosystem Services Working Group

  3. May 18, 2009 WDFW Comments: Northwest Power and Conservation Council High Level Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Biological Indicators): The biological indictors proposed by the Council for fish include important to BON. The adult fish abundance in the Councils program could be compared to subbasin or salmon and lamprey if available. Fish Passage Center 2. Abundance of adult fish in the Council's program. Number

  4. The Ecological Society of America www.frontiersinecology.org Avoiding greenhouse-gas emissions by reducing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    -gas emissions by reducing the rate of conversion of forests across the globe is widely considered to be a cost mechanism ­ such as "REDD+" (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation or enhancement and soil carbon, with bio- mass stock estimates as high as 225 metric tons of car- bon per hectare (tC ha­1

  5. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 61976206, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/6197/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    along with economic growth from 2004 to 2008. Yet per capita car- bon emissions varied between-6197-2012 © Author(s) 2012. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics The carbon emissions carbon emission invento- ries. Comprehensive carbon emission inventories for twelve Chinese cities, which

  6. Diversification of the monoterpene synthase gene family (TPSb) in Protium, a highly diverse genus of tropical trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Paul V.A.

    to their small molecular weight (10 car- bon atoms basic skeleton), monoterpenes are usually emitted as volatiles other kinds of terpenes, e.g., sesquiterpenes (Trapp and Croteau, 2001a). These emissions play a broad; Snoeren et al., 2010; Xiao et al., 2012). Besides this role, these emissions can also serve to attract

  7. Manuscript prepared for Atmos. Chem. Phys. with version 1.3 of the LATEX class copernicus.cls.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ; Justice et al., 2002), and biogeochemical modelling to estimate car- bon emissions (van der Werf et al: 24 November 2008 Supplement to "Evaluating the performance of pyrogenic and biogenic emission Emission Inventories The Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED) version 1 (van der Werf et al., 2004

  8. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 1 ecent downward revisions in the climate response to rising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    is the forcing following an injection of C1 = 1 TtC of cumulative car- bon emissions, 1 is the cumulative that the case for reducing CO2 emissions to limit climate change is less urgent than previously thought5 as cumulative CO2 emissions themselves, independent of the climate system response. This is the rate at which

  9. Virginia Environmentally Sustainable Technologies Laboratory Developing strategies for carbon management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarens, Andres

    management Most industrial activities generate CO2 and these emissions are resulting in significant changes these emissions. Our core expertise is in the complex fluid behavior that will enable the reuse, transport: Interfacial properties and leakage in geologic car- bon sequestration (GCS). GCS involves the injection of CO2

  10. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jennifer E.

    Published October 28 INTRODUCTION As anthropogenic carbon emissions continue to rise annually, the buffering, the rise in dis- solved CO2 may release photoautotrophs from car- bon limitation, for algae lacking carbon concentrat- ing mechanisms (CCMs; Hurd et al. 2009), thereby enhancing growth. Therefore, carbon emissions

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 48254841, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/4825/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    on official statistical data and time-varying emission factors. Results show that black car- bon emissions variation of anthropogenic black carbon emissions in China for the period 1980­2009 Y. Qin and S. D. Xie ­ Accepted: 9 May 2012 ­ Published: 1 June 2012 Abstract. Multi-year inventories of anthropogenic black car

  12. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Emissions of the principal greenhouse gas (GHG), car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    ..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Emissions of the principal greenhouse gas (GHG), car- bon dioxide (CO2), are driven primarily by the burn accumulation in forests and CO2 emissions from tropical deforestation (Canadell and Raupach 2008). Particular fixation by plant photosynthesis) and heterotrophic res- piration (CO2 emission by non-photosynthetic organ

  13. Estimation of Carbon Sequestration by Combining Remote Sensing and Net Ecosystem Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    be used to estimate car- bon sequestration regionally in rangeland ecosystems. Natural resource management may be altered to offset CO2 emissions from fossil fuels (Paustian and others 1998, Follett and others offsets of CO2 emissions (Follett and oth- ers 2001). Because the landscape is extremely hetero- geneous

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 429441, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/429/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    (Gettelman and Baughcum, 1999; IPCC, 1999; Whitt et al., 2011). Aviation emissions of car- bon dioxide (CO2 aviation emissions datasets S. C. Olsen1, D. J. Wuebbles1, and B. Owen2 1Department of Atmospheric Science. Aviation emissions are unique from other trans- portation emissions, e.g., from road transportation

  15. High magnification image of gut fluid and spiro-chetes, several of which are H2-consumers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with domicile destruction, they play important roles in the turnover of plant material into car- bon dioxide emissions are responsible for only a few percent of the total budget. However, if their unusual acetate-generating bacteria were absent, these insects' methane emissions could increase ten-fold, perhaps becoming the most

  16. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1119 Implementation and opportunity costs of reducing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degrada- tion) mechanism whereby developed countries pay developing here than in any other part of the tropics10 , leading not just to direct CO2 emissions, but also they compare with these implementation costs we therefore compiled and analysed data on carbon pools, car- bon

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 705721, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/705/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento) in atmospheric samples can be used to examine several car- bon cycle and air quality questions. We collected- sociated with urban emissions. From these correlations we estimate emission ratios between CO2ff

  18. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Societal concern over global warming and its link to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    dioxide (CO2) emission-reduction strategies currently under consideration rely on terrestrial car- bon (C-fuel-based CO2 emissions through enhanced energy conservation and efficiency and development of alternative to afforestation and other changes in land use as potential ways to offset part of current CO2 emissions worldwide

  19. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 14491480, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/1449/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    conditioning systems in cars, and contrails. For the year 2000, the CO2 emissions from all sectors together) emissions from these transport sec- tors, most of their non-CO2 emissions are also taken into account, i.e. the forcing from ozone, methane, black car- bon, organic carbon, sulfate, CFC-12 and HFC-134a from air

  20. On the magnitude of positive feedback between future climate change and the carbon cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufresne, Jean-Louis

    - pogenic emissions are expected to continue in the com- ing decades. The corresponding atmospheric CO 2 con by [Cox et al., 2000] using the Hadley Center HadCM3 climate model coupled to a car- bon cycle model emissions and the land and ocean sinks. Starting from an initial state where the coupled climate carbon

  1. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1087310882, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10873/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    to the global car- bon cycle (Gregg et al., 2008). Existing emission estimates are usually made at national of China's CO2 emissions in spatiotemporal distributions M. Liu1, H. Wang1, 2, H. Wang3, T. Oda4, 5, Y. Being the largest contributor to the global source of fossil-fuel CO2 emissions, China's emissions need

  2. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2014 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 23 ecent downward revisions in the climate response to rising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    is the forcing following an injection of C1 = 1 TtC of cumulative car- bon emissions, 1 is the cumulative that the case for reducing CO2 emissions to limit climate change is less urgent than previously thought5 as cumulative CO2 emissions themselves, independent of the climate system response. This is the rate at which

  3. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 53935413, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/5393/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    -5393-2014 © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Emissions of terpenoids, benzenoids, and other biogenic gas measurement campaigns, we examine the mag- nitude and composition of reactive gas-phase organic car- bon emissions from agricultural crops and their potential to impact regional air quality relative

  4. The Ecological Society of America www.frontiersinecology.org Societal concern over global warming and its link to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    rely on terrestrial car- bon (C) sequestration to offset substantial proportions of CO2 emissions. We. These plans involve two general strategies: (1) direct reduction of fossil-fuel-based CO2 emissions through in land use as potential ways to offset part of current CO2 emissions worldwide. Mitigation plans drafted

  5. USING A COGENERATION FACILITY ToIllustrateEngineeringPracticetoLower-LevelStudents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesketh, Robert

    water-treatment sys- tems that may include membrane devices! The systems are equipped with pumps. Concentration measurements are made using NDIR gas analyzers for CO, C02 and total hydrocar- bons. And oxygen his as, MS, and PhD from Rulgers University. His teaching and research interests are in separation

  6. [RD1: JMS] SJNW567-14-1414 December 21, 2005 23:25 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    by Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd. from high sulfur bituminous coal using a proprietary technology. Since the open cell structure in reticulated CFOAM R is composed of car- bon ligaments, this type of CFOAM R offers polymer reinforcement capabilities [8]. This type of CFOAM R 0022-2461 C 2006 Springer

  7. Migration mechanism for atomic hydrogen in porous carbon materials Badri Narayanan,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciobanu, Cristian

    Migration mechanism for atomic hydrogen in porous carbon materials Badri Narayanan,1 Yufeng Zhao,2 May 2012) To explain the fast kinetics of H in porous carbon, we propose that the migration relies that the chemisorbed H atoms in car- bon migrate relatively easily, with kinetics much faster than that have been

  8. Ready to eat breakfast cereals from food-grade sorghums 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz y Celis Ehlinger, Laura Penelope

    1993-01-01

    Two food-grade sorghum hybrids, ATx63 I *Tx436 (non waxy), and B.BON 34, (waxy), were micronized and evaluated for their potential use in ready to eat breakfast cereals (RTE-BC). Whole and decorticated grains were exposed to infra-red burners...

  9. (--,,oe"--`oe< , ' 100093) " " ,,"^oeoe...<`~",, ,...<......ioe<----^~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    various photosynthetic pathways , they have become useful techniques for ecological research in many areas , and provides a useful approach to understand water and car2 bon balance at the ecosystem level. The terrestrial of CO2 and water vapor. Key words ¡¡Stable carbon isotope , Photosynthetic pathway , Water use

  10. UNIVERSITY OF OREGON SOLAR MONITORING LABORATORY The University of Oregon (UO) Solar Moni-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    i UNIVERSITY OF OREGON SOLAR MONITORING LABORATORY The University of Oregon (UO) Solar Moni- toring Laboratory has been measuring incident solar radiation since 1975. Current support for this work comes from the Regional Solar Radiation Monitoring Project (RSRMP), a utility consortium project including the Bon

  11. We present results from a transient electromagnetic exper-iment to detect hydrocarbons and to monitor their move-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water-saturated reservoirs (low resistivity) and hydrocar- bon-saturated reservoirs (high resistivity to calculate the porosity and saturation of reservoir rocks. When the pore fluid within a rock changes from above the reservoir to approximately 400 Ohm-m in the gas-saturated reservoir. The main reason

  12. ASSEMBLY OF ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE TETRAMERS BY PEPTIDIC MOTIFS FROM THE MEMBRANE-ANCHOR, PRIMA; COMPETITION BETWEEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 ASSEMBLY OF ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE TETRAMERS BY PEPTIDIC MOTIFS FROM THE MEMBRANE-ANCHOR, PRIMAE tetramers by PRiMA Address correspondence to: S. Bon, Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire heteromeric complexes (T4- Pstp54), instead of membrane-bound tetramers. In this study, we used a series

  13. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Induces Premature Activation of the KLF2 Regulon during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradfield, Christopher A.

    2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Induces Premature Activation of the KLF2 Regulon during, Wisconsin 53706 The environmental pollutant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p- dioxin (TCDD, dioxin) causes,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)2 is the most toxic congener of a family of halogenated aromatic hydrocar- bons

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 30453062, 2015 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/3045/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    compounds (OVOCs) are important products of the photo-oxidation of hydrocar- bons. They influence in formaldehyde (HCHO), acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and methanol were found to be 12.9, 15 Chemical Mechanism version 3.2 (MCM3.2) was applied to evaluate how OVOC production responds to the reduced

  15. TREKiSM Issue 37 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1984-01-01

    •••• This is gold. Kirk is perfect, Spock Is bon san d p 0 s tag (~, 0 f course. GET WELL W1Sr-I[S to Lilld(] C. Brown, who's now back clt work folJowj'lg surgcl'y, fucing a...

  16. Pressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der Waals repulsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    Storage of hydrogen in carbon materials,1,2 with its poten- tial application in hydrogen in the interactions between H2 and hosts in solid lattices,2,3 although mechanism for hydrogen storage in car- bonPressure-driven confinement of hydrogen molecules between graphene sheets in the regime of van der

  17. Structural Engineering International 4/99 Reports 1 Glass Fibre Rods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    in- side a steel tube. This steel tube pro- vided confinement and could be used as a mechanical microscopic air bubbles. Carbon Fibre Bonded Plates The use of carbon fibre for structural applications in the work that car- bon fibre is not economic when viewed on the basis of the material cost. How- ever

  18. Anion photoelectron spectroscopy of radicals and clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, T.R.

    2011-01-01

    c. xu, G. R. B~on, T. R- Taylor, and D. M. Neumark, J. them.Xu, G. R. Bufion, T$R, Taylor, and D. M. Neumark, J. Chem.s. Li, R. J. Van 61 T. R Taylor, ~e, and W. Weltner, c, Xu,

  19. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 295 8 FEBRUARY 2002 981 S C I E N C E ' S C O M PA S S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Dustin R.

    occurring stable isotopes such as car- bon (13C), hydrogen (2H deuterium), sulfur (34S), and strontium (87Sr (3). In contrast to tradi- tional capture-recovery methods, isotope tracking only requires knowledge measurement af- ter capture becomes a recapture because, like bands, rings, or other markers, the tar- get

  20. KINETICS, CATALYSIS, AND REACTION ENGINEERING Nonthermal Plasma Reactions of Dilute Nitrogen Oxide Mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeung, Man-Chung

    -type rate model, is found to capture the effect of power input, NOx composition, and residence time. An N for the conversion of nitrogen oxides,1,2,4-10 sulfur dioxide,11 and volatile organic car- bons.12 Despite its a mathematical model that captures transport and reac- tion rates. Such a model is needed to develop new

  1. Advanced Light Source : : Facility Report : : 2008-2009 PUBLISHED BY THE ADVANCED LIGHT SOURCE COMMUNICATIONS GROUP, AUGUST 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Wash- ington, and see the high and flat beam current. And then the emails started coming in from://www.als.lbl.gov/als/science/ sci_archive/174grapheneIR.html Graphene--a single layer of car- bon atoms arranged in a honey- comb

  2. NaturallyProduced CarbonSources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (e.g., methane) to generate electricity, drive a petroleum-powered car, or cut down a forest, CO2 element in our universe. Carbon dioxide, or CO2, is the most abundant car- bon bearing gas, and plays a special role in Earth's carbon cycle. From an atmospheric perspective, sources emit or release carbon

  3. Dining Composting Intern Positions The dining composting intern positions will require approximately 10 hours of paid time per week (shared by 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    vehicle training. Responsibilities (shared by 2 interns): · Collect pre- and post-consumer food waste from bulking material. (3-4 hours/week) o Pre-consumer food waste goes to Earth Tubs. o Post-consumer food). (1-2 hours/week) · Collaborate with Bon Appetit and the Sustainability Office to reduce food waste

  4. Thin film solar cells using impure polycrystalline silicon M. Rodot (1), M. Barbe (1), J. E. Bouree (1), V. Perraki (*) (1), G. Revel (2),R. Kishore (2) (**), J. L. Pastol (2), R. Mertens (3), M. Caymax (3) and M. Eyckmans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    687 Thin film solar cells using impure polycrystalline silicon M. Rodot (1), M. Barbe (1), J. E avec les autres aptes à l'utilisation de Si-UMG bon marché. Abstract. 2014 Epitaxial solar cells have and electron diffusion length adequate to produce good solar cells. 10.3 % efficiency cells have been obtained

  5. Published by the IEEE CS n 1536-1268/11/$26.00 2011 IEEE PERVASIVE computing 63 Works in Progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    for more than 40 percent of energy consump- tion worldwide and are the largest car- bon dioxide (CO2 tem- perature and CO2 levels, or control lights through motion detectors. GreenerBuildings is a new limited to occupant commod- ity installations that regulate aspects of the indoor climate, such as room

  6. Yields at Forward Rapidity A. Poulsen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    p rocedure i s f ound t o r eject t he background c ontribuBons. M ost o f t he d i---jets t hat r emain c an b e m atched t o i niBal h ard s caIered p artons w ith m omentum f...

  7. Correlation effects in carbon nanotubes Leon Balents and Matthew P. A. Fisher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    materials which offer the potential for both new physics and technology.1 Although built only with car- bon-site Hubbard interaction, u. For the N,N armchair tubes the low-energy theory is shown to be identical to a two description at low energies is identical to a two- chain Hubbard model at half-filling with an effective inter

  8. Contribution of restricted rotors to quantum sieving of hydrogen isotopes B. C. Hathorn,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hathorn, Bryan C.

    , energy intensive, and expensive, and new methods of efficient isotope separation, which are cheap of isotopically substituted hydrogen molecules adsorbed into single-walled car- bon nanotubes are calculated using that the introduction of quantum zero-point energy in the translational coordinates of molecules enclosed in carbon

  9. 2415Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    that measure the exchanges of car- bon dioxide, water vapor, and energy between the biosphere and atmosphere2415Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Ecosystem-Scale Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, and Energy Flux Densities Dennis

  10. Charge-induced structural changes in Al12C clusters and X. G. Gong1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    that the car- bon atom should be located at the center of the icosahedron, and the binding energy - cluster, with its closed electronic shell, is very stable, it cannot be used for assembling new materials these tetravalent atom substituted clusters, Al12C has the largest HOMO-LUMO gap and the largest binding energy.4

  11. BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / De-cember 2001Byrne et al. / THE POSTMODERN GREENHOUSE The Postmodern Greenhouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    commons, and (c) the substitution of car- bon sequestration for meaningful reductions in energy use change, energy system, equity, sustainability, ecological justice Much has been made of the "new economy The Postmodern Greenhouse: Creating Virtual Carbon Reductions From Business-as-Usual Energy Politics John Byrne

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 92599277, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/9259/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Laxenburg, Austria 3The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi, India 4Tsinghua University, Beijing energy consumption, car- bon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile or- ganic compound (VOC-as-usual (BAU) pathway, and other two scenarios consider implementation of additional energy and environ- mental

  13. 8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 he atmosphere's concentration of car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 T he atmosphere's concentration of car- bon dioxide (CO2 ) has carbon mitigation strategies are available to set the world on a new path, one that leads to a lower rate energy, conservation, and natural sinks. More recently, it has begun to explore alliances with tradi

  14. First detection of the Cs symmetric isomer of carbon hexaoxide (CO6) at 10 K

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    , intensive research has been car- ried out to develop new high-energy materials (HEMs) to meet needs­6]. Particular attention has been devoted to cyclic car- bon oxides of the generic formula COn (n = 3 for high- energy density materials. The carbon oxides and their cor- responding anions are also of interest

  15. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 431452, 2015 www.geosci-model-dev.net/8/431/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phipps, Steven J.

    ­ Published: 24 February 2015 Abstract. Stomatal conductance (gs) affects the fluxes of car- bon, energy Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia 3Hawkesbury Institute and (ii) an indirect es- timate of annual plant water availability. The new stomatal model, in conjunction

  16. FE SPOTLIGHT Breathing, bugs, and brains: conceptual unification?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). At some point, the level of oxygen declines, or car- bon dioxide rises, enough to cause the spiracles a recent mechanistic model for the control of spiracles, from Fo¨ rster & Hetz (2010), and a new hypothesis energy. Although the actual metabolic costs of running an insect brain are poorly known, they could

  17. Biotechnology Letters 23: 235240, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    words: cell recycle fed-batch culture, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), recombinant E. coli, whey Abstract A new (PHAs) are accumulated as an intracellular storage material for energy/carbon and reducing power in numerous bacteria under the re- stricted growth condition in the presence of excess car- bon source

  18. Conserved Steps in Eukaryotic DNA Replication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blow, J. Julian

    and 50 car- bons of deoxyribose. The 10 carbon of the deoxyribose is linked to one of four different of DNA contains all the information necessary to produce new second strands through complementary base the input of chemical energy to break the hydrogen bonds. This energy is derived from hydrolysis of ATP

  19. Using Sputter Deposition to Increase CO Tolerance in a Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    Power, Incorporated, Latham, New York 12110, USA c Energy and Environment Applications Center, Institute for Materials, and School of Nanosciences and Engineering, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New shown extensively that CO poisons the platinum catalyst used in PEMFC systems.3-7 Car- bon monoxide

  20. EOS, TranSacTiOnS, amErican GEOphySical UniOn Volume 92 number 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    , energy, and car- bon cycles. Further, soil moisture determines how precipitation is partitioned, Vol. 92, No. 17, 26 April 2011 The International Soil Moisture Network (ISMN) is a new data [Koster et al., 2010] and in determining water and energy budgets. The importance of soil moisture

  1. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camassa, Roberto

    MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 487: 185­200, 2013 doi: 10.3354/meps10387 Published July 30 INTRODUCTION Marine snow plays a critical role in the marine car- bon cycle, as a dominant, Kiørboe 2011). Knowledge of the vertical distribution of marine aggregates in the water column, as well

  2. News from the UNiversity of ChiCago PhysiCal sCieNCes DivisioN spring / summer 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    posts rare Manhattan Project photos. Atomic stage #12;Bon voyage In1957,EdStone,SM'59,PhD'64. (Cover) one of at least 29 atomic piles built for the manhattan Project. (1) Birthplace of the atomic age, is the Voyager mission. Stone has been its sole project scientist since the mission's 1972 in- ception, and last

  3. Highly Selective Condensation of Biomass-Derived Methyl Ketones as a Source of Aviation Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toste, Dean

    Highly Selective Condensation of Biomass-Derived Methyl Ketones as a Source of Aviation Fuel Eric R,[b] and Alexis T. Bell*[a] Introduction Aviation fuels must meet a number of stringent specifications, the most by branched and cyclic hydrocar- bons, and, consequently, these types of fuels are not likely to be displaced

  4. Effect of Cotton Seed and Cotton Seed Meal in the Dairy Ration on Gravity and Centrifugal Creaming of Milk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Geo. W. (George Washington); Carson, J. M.

    1891-01-01

    that our conditions were not quite sa nniforn~ oil account of difficulty in obt:tining ice at proper tinie. l'he compari- bon, howeker shows beyoncl question, what our practica! experimcr. has already denzonstrated:-that there is practically...

  5. Catalytic hydrodechlorination of CFC-114a (CF{sub 3}-CFCl{sub 2}) over palladium single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerken, C.A.; Rupprechter, G.; Ribeiro, F.H.; Somorjai, G.A.

    1997-12-31

    As the chlorofluorocarbons (CFC`s) are being phased out, their most promising replacements are the hydrofluorocarbons (HFC`s). In particular, CFC-12 (CF{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}), widely used as a refrigerant, for example, is being replaced by HFC-134a CF{sub 3}-CFH{sub 2}. One possible route to HFC-134a is the hydrodechlorination of CFC-114a (CF{sub 3}CFCl{sub 2}) over palladium catalysts. We report results using single crystal palladium catalysts and compare the reactivity of the low Miller index planes and a polycrystalline foil. We correlate these results with parallel UHV surface science experiments. Deuterium isotope studies (D{sub 2} rather than H{sub 2}) will also be presented and discussed. Of particular interest is an observed sample history-dependent inverse isotope effect.

  6. Energy and global warming impacts of HFC refrigerants and emerging technologies: TEWI-III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sand, J.R.; Fischer, S.K.; Baxter, V.D.

    1997-06-01

    The use of hydrofluorocarbons (BFCs) which were developed as alternative refrigerants and insulating foam blowing agents to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) is now being affected by scientific investigations of greenhouse warming and questions about the effects of refrigerants and blowing agents on global warming. A Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) assessment analyzes the environmental affects of these halogenated working fluids in energy consuming applications by combining a direct effect resulting from the inadvertent release of HFCs to the atmosphere with an indirect effect resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels needed to provide the energy to operate equipment using these compounds as working fluids. TEWI is a more balanced measure of environmental impact because it is not based solely on the global warming potential (GWP) of the working fluid. It also shows the environmental benefit of efficient technologies that result in less CO{sub 2} generation and eventual emission to the earth`s atmosphere. The goal of TEWI is to assess total global warming impact of all the gases released to the atmosphere, including CO{sub 2} emissions from energy conversion. Alternative chemicals and technologies have been proposed as substitutes for HFCs in the vapor-compression cycle for refrigeration and air conditioning and for polymer foams in appliance and building insulations which claim substantial environmental benefits. Among these alternatives are: (1) Hydrocarbon (HC) refrigerants and blowing agents which have zero ozone depleting potential and a negligible global warming potential, (2) CO{sub 2} as a refrigerant and blowing agent, (3) Ammonia (NH{sub 3}) vapor compression systems, (4) Absorption chiller and heat pumping cycles using ammonia/water or lithium bromide/water, and (5) Evacuated panel insulations. This paper summarizes major results and conclusions of the detailed final report on the TEWI-111 study.

  7. Demonstration of High Efficiency Elastocaloric Cooling with Large Delta- T Using NiTi Wires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cui, Jun; Wu, Yiming; Muehlbauer, Jan; Hwang, Yunho; Radermacher, Reinhard; Fackler, Sean; Wuttig, Manfred; Takeuchi, Ichiro

    2012-08-01

    Vapor compression (VC) is by far the most dominant technology for meeting all cooling and refrigeration needs around the world. It is a mature technology with the efficiency of modern compressors approaching the theoretical limit, but its envi-ronmental footprint remains a global problem. VC refrigerants such as hydrochlo-roflurocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a significant source of green house gas (GHG) emissions, and their global warming potential (GWP) is as high as 1000 times that of CO2. It is expected that building space cooling and re-frigeration alone will amount to {approx} 5% of primary energy consumption and {approx}5% of all CO2 emission in U.S. in 2030 . As such, there is an urgent need to develop an al-ternative high-efficiency cooling technology that is affordable and environmentally friendly. Among the proposed candidates, magnetocaloric cooling (MC) is currently received a lot of attention because of its high efficiency. However, MC is inherently expensive because of the requirement of large magnetic field and rare earth materi-als. Here, we demonstrate an entirely new type of solid-state cooling mechanism based on the latent heat of reversible martensitic transformation. We call it elasto-caloric cooling (EC) after the superelastic transformation of austenite it utilizes. The solid-state refrigerant of EC is cost-effective, and it completely eliminates the use of any refrigerants including HCFCs/HFCs. We show that the COP (coefficient of per-formance) of a jugular EC with optimized materials can be as high as > 10 with measured {Delta}T of 17 C.

  8. Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1989-01-01

    A gas reaction fuel cell may be provided with a solid polymer electrolyte membrane. Porous gas diffusion electrodes are formed of carbon particles supporting a catalyst which is effective to enhance the gas reactions. The carbon particles define interstitial spaces exposing the catalyst on a large surface area of the carbon particles. A proton conducting material, such as a perfluorocarbon copolymer or ruthenium dioxide contacts the surface areas of the carbon particles adjacent the interstitial spaces. The proton conducting material enables protons produced by the gas reactions adjacent the supported catalyst to have a conductive path with the electrolyte membrane. The carbon particles provide a conductive path for electrons. A suitable electrode may be formed by dispersing a solution containing a proton conducting material over the surface of the electrode in a manner effective to coat carbon surfaces adjacent the interstitial spaces without impeding gas flow into the interstitial spaces.

  9. Measurement of large strains in ropes using plastic optical fibers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, Jerry Gene; Smith, David Barton; Muhs, Jeffrey David

    2006-02-14

    A method for the direct measurement of large strains in ropes in situ using a plastic optical fiber, for example, perfluorocarbon or polymethyl methacrylate and Optical Time-Domain Reflectometer or other light time-of-flight measurement instrumentation. Protective sheaths and guides are incorporated to protect the plastic optical fiber. In one embodiment, a small rope is braided around the plastic optical fiber to impose lateral compressive forces to restrain the plastic optical fiber from slipping and thus experience the same strain as the rope. Methods are described for making reflective interfaces along the length of the plastic optical fiber and to provide the capability to measure strain within discrete segments of the rope. Interpretation of the data allows one to calculate the accumulated strain at any point in time and to determine if the rope has experienced local damage.

  10. Annual Report of the Feed Control Service, 1953-54. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1954-01-01

    .0 Fish scrap (60r/ protein) .......................... 10.3 Meat and bon~'scraps ............................ 10.6 Sorghum gluten meal .............................. 10.8 Corn gluten meal ................................. 11.2 Linseed meal... protein, minimum percentage of crude fat, minimum percentage of nitrogen-free extract, maximum percentage of crude fiber, names of ingredients of a mixed feed, percentage of each ingredient when adulterants are present, and the percentage of each...

  11. Friday, March 12, 2010 "The Age of Stupid"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Peter

    ENVIRONMENTALISTS! Revision history (Rochester/South Florida/Westerly, Rhode Island) #12;Drilling Off- heat lost had need had get E his no more his more belch, ba- Bush, A, Rea- shore in ma who we gan to y Drill- B 7 5 bon rack le S Ron- ing more oil, D o we his no more his in ma who we gan to heat lost had

  12. Astronomie, écologie et poésie par Hubert Reeves

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Hubert ReevesL'astrophysicien donne une conférence puis s'entretient avec l'écrivain François Bon autour de :"Astronomie, écologie et poésie"Pour plus d'informations : http://outreach.web.cern.ch/outreach/FR/evenements/conferences.htmlNombre de places limité. Réservation obligatoire à la Réception du CERN : +41 22 767 76 76  Soirée diffusée en direct sur le Web : http://webcast.cern.ch/      

  13. Drilling Off-Shore (Mademoiselle From Armentiers) Pedrolina "Paige" Delaparrucca and the Greater Westerly Grannies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nightingale, Peter

    Drilling Off-Shore (Mademoiselle From Armentiers) Pedrolina "Paige" Delaparrucca and the Greater- George ofU Old Drill- Litt- heat lost had need had get E his no more his more belch, ba- Bush, A, Rea Car- Ba- Litt- U Old Drill- B 7 5 bon rack le S Ron- ing more oil, D o we his no more his in ma who we

  14. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2010-01-01

    ganydt {pronounced, ga-nydt), gaydt n. winner; jackpot ganypen n. livelihood, living; wild ginger (plant) garaj, garay n. garage te ~ to establish car repair business ~ anachik makeshift garage, car- repair business set up on street or sidewalk... ~ tough guy; outstanding man bon ~ broadleaf spurge (plant) fi ~ male homosexual ~ bouzen, - piten womanizer, incorrigible woman chaser - djougan same as ~ kalson - done/donne groomsman (in wedding) ~ fanm, ~ femfcl male homosexual (passive role...

  15. Multiscalar Ecological Characterization of Say's and Eastern Phoebes and their Zone of Contact in the Great Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schukman, John M.; Lira-Noriega, André s; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2011-05-01

    . J. DRAPEK. 2001. Climate change effects on vegetation distribution and car- bon budget in the United States. Ecosystems 4:164–185. BRATTON, G. F., F. R. SCHAEFER, AND J. R. BRANDLE. 1995. Conser- vation forestry for sustainable Great Plains... of invasive woody plants (Coppedge et al. 2001), changes in agroforestry (Bratton et al. 1995), and anticipated shifts in response to climate change (Peterson 2003) raise the question of how the balance between the earlier-nesting East- ern Phoebe...

  16. Um Estudo Sobre a Efetividade do Metodo de Imputac~ao Baseado no Algoritmo k-Vizinhos Mais Proximos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batista, Gustavo

    Um Estudo Sobre a Efetividade do M´etodo de Imputa¸c~ao Baseado no Algoritmo k-Vizinhos Mais Pr foi mostrado que o algoritmo k-vizinhos mais pr´oximos prov^e bons resultados comparado com outros m´etodo de imputa¸c~ao baseado no algoritmo k-vizinhos mais pr´oximos n~ao ´e capaz de superar outros m

  17. 2436 Letters to the Editor / Carbon 41 (2003) 24272451 [4] Anderson GH. In: Proc. Conf. on cathodic protection of [13] Xie P, Beaudoin JJ. ACI SP 154-21, Advances in concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Deborah D.L.

    2003-01-01

    . Polym-Plast Technol Eng 1985, pp. 55­65. 1995;34(2):271­346. [6] Fontana JJ, Webster RP. Transp Res Rec-M, Zheng Q, Chung DDL. Composites Rec 1984;968:1­8. 1989;20(4):379­81. [11] Zaleski PL, Derwin DJ, Flood WH, polymer­matrix composites containing car- particularly polymer­matrix composites. A less expensive bon

  18. S T A I N L E S S S T E E L W O R L D O C T O B E R 2 0 0 2 www.stainless-steel-world.net16 i l & G a sO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    S T A I N L E S S S T E E L W O R L D O C T O B E R 2 0 0 2 www.stainless-steel-world.net16 i l & G-HAZ) of single pass T.I.G. welded plates of two different low car- bon martensitic stainless steels have been steel. INTRODUCTION Low carbon and modified2 low carbon "13 %Cr" martensitic stainless steels have

  19. Microwave Enhanced Separation of Water-In-Oil Emulsions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, C. S.; Lai, P.

    1992-01-01

    . INTRODUCTION Viscous and stable water-in-oil emulsions are generated in various industrial operations, such as petroleum refining, natural gas pipeline opera bon, and cutting or grinding in equiprent fabrica tion. Since itis no longer permitted by law... to dlscharge emulslons to a dump site, it is necessary to break the emulsion, and separate water fran oil to discharge water. The recovered oil can be recycled. If it must be disposed of, its VOlume is less than that of original emulsion, and conse quently...

  20. Survival Rates of Juvenile Salmonids Passing Through the Bonneville Dam and Spillway in 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Faber, Derrek M.; Deng, Zhiqun; Johnson, Gary E.; Hughes, James S.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Monter, Tyrell J.; Cushing, Aaron W.; Wilberding, Matthew C.; Durham, Robin E.; Townsend, R. L.; Skalski, J. R.; Buchanan, Rebecca A.; Kim, Jina; Fischer, Eric S.; Meyer, Matthew M.; McComas, Roy L.; Everett, Jason

    2009-12-28

    This report describes a 2008 acoustic telemetry survival study conducted by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The study estimated the survival of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead passing Bonneville Dam (BON) and its spillway. Of particular interest was the relative survival of smolts detected passing through end spill bays 1-3 and 16-18, which had deep flow deflectors immediately downstream of spill gates, versus survival of smolts passing middle spill bays 4-15, which had shallow flow deflectors.

  1. The Buddhist princess and the woolly turban: non-Buddhist others in a 15th century biography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diemberger, Hildegard

    2008-01-01

    of Magadha leave the Buddha in the dwelling of the Anath?pin-dikavih?ra and worship the heretical Jain teachers in the town of Buram shing phel. The princess said, “We can’t stand this! Chase them away throwing stones!” Her retinue did accordingly... mdzad pas spyan cer gzigs par gyur ba na/ slar de dag gis blta bar ma yod de kha cig na re bag ma ni rnam pa ‘char dbu ‘phang mtho zhes gleng par byed cing/. 11 de nas rgyal mo’i khang bzangs su phyogs te bon pos lha ‘dogs bgyid par ‘dod pa na/ kho...

  2. Ann bay lodyans 10 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 10 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml Tl CHENN LO A Te gen yon nonm ki te...

  3. Ann bay lodyans 12 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 12 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml EPI BONDYE KREYE PREMYE FS A Nan...

  4. Ann bay lodyans 4 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 4 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml Tl CHAT: PI PITI PI RED Vwala se te...

  5. Ann bay lodyans 1 / se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Ann Bay Lodyans 1 se Bryant Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a 2000 by Bryant C. Freeman, ed. This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly... Freeman (“Tonton Liben”) ki pare ti liv sa a. [Lawrence, Kan.] : Institute of Haitian Studies ; [Port-au-Prince] : Bon Nouvèl : Fondasyon Alfa Lwès, 2000. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml ANN BAY LODYANS 1 Se Bryant Freeman...

  6. Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2004-01-01

    29 (1999), pp. 123-146. Urban has examined the role of the category of Tantrism in New Age religious discourse in “The Cult of Ecstasy: Tantrism, the New Age, and the Spiritual I Exorcising the Illusion of Bon “Shamans” 5 interpretation and evaluation... the following etymology: “A ‘term’ is a boundary line, a line of demarcation. It defines a field in which work can be done, within the limits of the term. But like all boundaries, even those meticulously surveyed, terms are social and arbitrary, not natural...

  7. A tentative classification of the bya ru can kings of Zhang zhung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitali, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    ; Kha yug; Kha sgyor; the areas of Da rog/Ta rog mtsho and sTa sgo ; La dwags and Ru thog. 21 The transmission of Phur pa’i Bon (dPal ldan tshul khrims, bsTan ’byung skal bzang mgul rgyan p. 107 line... 18-19) says: “sPyod pa ni Bod la bya khyur ltar myul”; “The behaviour [of the king of sTag gzig] is to make reconnaissance in Bod like [a hawk] into a flock of birds”; finally mKhas pa’i dga’ ston (p. 156 line 8) writes: “sTag gzig rgyal po bya...

  8. Feeding Bone Meal to Range Cattle on the Coastal Plains of Texas : Preliminary Report. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, H.

    1926-01-01

    .. Chref I FAR L. B. G. v. * *T. **J. M AND RANCH ECONOMICS: P GABBARD b1 S Chief YOUNGBLOO~, M.'s., Ph. D., Farm d . Ranch Economrst. , L. CRAWFORD, M.-S., Research Mark& Specralrst L. CORY, M. S.. Grazing Research Botanil L. GASTON, JR., B...~on with U. S. Department.of Agriculture ***In cooperation with the School of Agriculture. SYNOPSIS X is Bulletin reports results obtained by feeding bone meal and salt mixtures and finely ground rock phosphate mixed with bone meal and salt to cattle...

  9. Bond County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-GasIllinois:Energy Authority Jump to:Bolivia:Vermont:BonBond

  10. Booner Capital LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to: navigation,BlogBlythBons

  11. Boreal Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to: navigation,BlogBlythBonsEnergy Inc

  12. Boreal Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to: navigation,BlogBlythBonsEnergy

  13. Global warming implications of non-fluorocarbon technologies as CFC replacements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.K.; Tomlinson, J.J.

    1993-12-31

    Many technologies could be developed for use in place of conventional compression systems for refrigeration and air conditioning. Comparisons of the global warming impacts using TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) can be used to identify alternatives that have the potential for lower environmental impacts than electric-driven vapor compression systems using HCFCs and HFCs. Some options, such as secondary heat transfer loops in commercial refrigeration systems to reduce refrigerant charge and emission rates, could be useful in reducing the losses of refrigerants to the atmosphere. Use of ammonia instead of a fluorocarbon in a system with a secondary loop offers only a small potential for decreasing TEWI, and this may not warrant the increased complexity and risks of using ammonia in a retail sales environment. A few technologies, such as adsorption heat pumps, have efficiency levels that show reduced TEWI levels compared to conventional and state of the art compression systems, and further development could lead to an even more favorable comparison. Health and safety risks of the alternative technologies and the materials they employ must also be considered.

  14. Final report on activities and findings under DOE grant “Interactive Photochemistry in Earth System Models to Assess Uncertainty in Ozone and Greenhouse Gases”

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prather, Michael J.

    2014-11-07

    Atmospheric chemistry controls the abundances and hence climate forcing of important greenhouse gases including N2O, CH4, HFCs, CFCs, and O3. Attributing climate change to human activities requires, at a minimum, accurate models of the chemistry and circulation of the atmosphere that relate emissions to abundances. This DOE-funded research provided realistic, yet computationally optimized and affordable, photochemical modules to the Community Earth System Model (CESM) that augment the CESM capability to explore the uncertainty in future stratospheric-tropospheric ozone, stratospheric circulation, and thus the lifetimes of chemically controlled greenhouse gases from climate simulations. To this end, we have successfully implemented Fast-J (radiation algorithm determining key chemical photolysis rates) and Linoz v3.0 (linearized photochemistry for interactive O3, N2O, NOy and CH4) packages in LLNL-CESM and for the first time demonstrated how change in O2 photolysis rate within its uncertainty range can significantly impact on the stratospheric climate and ozone abundances. From the UCI side, this proposal also helped LLNL develop a CAM-Superfast Chemistry model that was implemented for the IPCC AR5 and contributed chemical-climate simulations to CMIP5.

  15. Replacement of chlorofluorocarbons at the DOE gaseous diffusion plants: An assessment of global impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Socolof, M.L.; McCold, L.N.; Saylor, R.E.

    1997-01-01

    Three gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) for enriching uranium maintain a large inventory of chlorofluorocarbon-114 (CFC-114) as a coolant. To address the continued use of CFC-114, an ozone-depleting substance, the US Department of Energy (DOE) considered introducing perfluorocarbons (PFCs) by the end of 1995. These PFCs would not contribute to stratospheric ozone depletion but would be larger contributors to global warming than would CFC-114. The paper reports the results of an assessment of the global impacts of four alternatives for modifying GDP coolant system operations over a three-year period beginning in 1996. The overall contribution of GDP coolant releases to impacts on ozone depletion and global warming were quantified by parameters referred to as ozone-depletion impact and global-warming impact. The analysis showed that these parameters could be used as surrogates for predicting global impacts to all resources and could provide a framework for assessing environmental impacts of a permanent coolant replacement, eliminating the need for subsequent resource-specific analyses.

  16. Ventilation Control of Volatile Organic Compounds in New U.S. Homes: Results of a Controlled Field Study in Nine Residential Units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willem, Henry; Hult, Erin L.; Hotchi, Toshifumi; Russell, Marion L.; Maddalena, Randy L.; Singer, Brett C.

    2013-01-01

    In order to optimize strategies to remove airborne contaminants in residences, it is necessary to determine how contaminant concentrations respond to changes in the air exchange rate. The impact of air exchange rate on the indoor concentrations of 39 target volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was assessed by measuring air exchange rates and VOC concentrations at three ventilation settings in nine residences. Active sampling methods were used for VOC concentration measurements, and passive perfluorocarbon tracer gas emitters with active sampling were used to determine the overall air exchange rate corresponding to the VOC measurements at each ventilation setting. The concentration levels and emission rates of the target VOCs varied by as much as two orders of magnitude across sites. Aldehyde and terpene compounds were typically the chemical classes with highest concentrations, followed by alkanes, aromatics, and siloxanes. For each home, VOC concentrations tended to decrease as the air exchange rate was increased, however, measurement uncertainty was significant. The indoor concentration was inversely proportional to air exchange rate for most compounds. For a subset of compounds including formaldehyde, however, the indoor concentration exhibited a non-linear dependence on the timescale for air exchange

  17. Midwestern efforts to address climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel Stenberg

    2008-12-15

    Six Midwestern governors and a Canadian premier signed the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord in November 2007. The governors agreed to begin the process of developing a market-based cap-and-trade program that would reduce GHG emissions (e.g., carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydro-fluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride) to meet reduction targets. Member jurisdictions include Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Manitoba, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Observer jurisdictions - those who are participating in the program design, but will decide later whether to be full members-include Indiana, Ohio, Ontario, and South Dakota. To date, the advisory group has proposed target ranges for GHG emissions reductions of 15-25% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 60-80% by 2050. The following sectors are currently being considered for the cap-and-trade program: electricity generation and imports (power plants); industrial combustion sources (factories and other industrial facilities); and industrial process sources (to the extent credible measurement and monitoring protocols exist or can be developed prior to inclusion).

  18. Taggants, method for forming a taggant, and a method for detecting an object

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harrup, Mason K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stewart, Frederick F. (Idaho Falls, ID); Stone, Mark L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2012-02-28

    A taggant comprising at least one perfluorocarbon compound surrounded by a polyphosphazene compound. The polyphosphazene compound has the chemical structure: ##STR00001## wherein G.sub.1 and G.sub.2 are pendant groups having different polarities, m is an integer greater than or equal to 100, and each of A and B is independently selected from hydrogen, an alkyl, an alkene, an alkoxide, a polyether, a polythioether, a siloxane, and --X(CH.sub.2).sub.nY.sup.1(CH.sub.2)p.sub.1Y.sup.2(CH.sub.2)p.sub.2 . . . Y.sup.i(CH.sub.2)p.sub.iCH.sub.3, where n ranges from 1 to 6, X and Y are independently selected from oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium, and p.sub.1 through p.sub.i range from 1 to 6. Cyclic polyphosphazene compounds lacking the A and B groups are also disclosed, as are methods of forming the taggant and of detecting an object.

  19. Urban Dispersion Program MSG05 Field Study: Summary of Tracer and Meteorological Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allwine, K Jerry; Flaherty, Julia E.

    2006-08-09

    The Urban Dispersion Program is a multi-year project, funded by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, to better understand the flow and dispersion of airborne contaminants through and around the deep street canyons of New York City. The first tracer and meteorological field study was a limited study conducted during March 2005 near the Madison Square Garden in midtown Manhattan. Six safe, inert, gaseous perfluorocarbon tracers were released simultaneously at five street-level locations during two experimental days. In addition to collecting tracer data, meteorological data were also collected. Brookhaven National Laboratory conducted the bulk of the tracer and meteorological field efforts with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Stevens Institute of Technology assisting by measuring the vertical profile of winds. The Environmental Protection Agency worked with Brookhaven National Laboratory in accomplishing the personal exposure component of the study. This report presents some results from this analysis. In general, different release locations showed vastly different plume footprints for tracer materials, and the situation was made very complex with upwind and/or crosswind transport of tracer near street-level for the different release locations. Overall wind speeds and directions upwind and over the city were generally constant throughout each of the two experimental periods.

  20. TEWI Analysis: Its Utility, Its Shortcomings, and Its Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, V.D.; Fischer, S.K.; Sand, J.R.

    1999-09-13

    The past decade has been a challenging time for the refrigeration and air conditioning industry worldwide. Provisions of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments require the phaseout of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) compounds that have been used extensively as insulating foam blowing agents and refrigerants in refrigeration systems, heat pumps, and air conditioners. In response, hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) compounds were proposed, developed, and are starting to be used as the primary alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs. However, in 1997 under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized nations have agreed to roll back emissions of HCFCs, carbon dioxide (CO*), and four other greenhouse gases which threaten to cause excessive global warming. The US. Department of Energy and the Alternative Fluorocarbon Environmental Acceptability Study (AFEAS) jointly sponsored research projects to identify the major applications of CFCs, HCFCs, and HFCs and to examine the impacts of these compounds and the energy use of applications employing these compounds on global warming. The five major uses of fluorocarbons based on sales were automobile air conditioning, supermarket refrigeration, unitary heat pumps and air conditioning, chillers for cooling large office buildings, and household refrigeration. Almost all of the refrigerants used in these applications are global warming gases, and if the refrigerant leaks out of the system during operation, is lost during maintenance or is not recovered when the system is scraped, it contributes to global warming. But, it is also true that the energy consumed by refrigeration and air conditioning systems, in the form of electricity or the direct combustion of fossil fuel, results in the release of CO*, the primary cause of atmospheric global warming.

  1. Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

    1997-12-01

    International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

  2. High-precision gigahertz-to-terahertz spectroscopy of aqueous salt solutions as a probe of the femtosecond-to-picosecond dynamics of liquid water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinh, N Q; Allen, S James; George, D K; Rahmani, A J; Plaxco, Kevin W

    2015-01-01

    Because it is sensitive to fluctuations occurring over femtoseconds to picoseconds, gigahertz-to-terahertz dielectric relaxation spectroscopy can provide a valuable window into water's most rapid intermolecular motions. In response, we have built a vector network analyzer dielectric spectrometer capable of measuring absorbance and index of refraction in this frequency regime with unprecedented precision. Using this to determine the complex dielectric response of water and aqueous salt solutions from 5.9 GHz to 1.12 THz (which we provide in the SI), we have obtained strong new constraints on theories of water's collective dynamics. For example, while the salt-dependencies we observe for water's two slower relaxations (8 and 1 ps) are easily reconciled with suggestions that they arise due to rotations of fully and partially hydrogen bonded molecules, respectively, the salt-dependence of the fastest relaxation (180 fs) appears difficult to reconcile with its prior assignment to liberations of single hydrogen bon...

  3. A Study of the Optical Properties of Ice Crystals with Black Carbon Inclusions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arienti, Marco; Yang, Xiaoyuan; Kopacz, Adrian M; Geier, Manfred

    2015-09-01

    The report focu ses on the modification of the optical properties of ice crystals due to atmospheric black car bon (BC) contamination : the objective is to advance the predictive capabilities of climate models through an improved understanding of the radiative properties of compound particles . The shape of the ice crystal (as commonly found in cirrus clouds and cont rails) , the volume fraction of the BC inclusion , and its location inside the crystal are the three factors examined in this study. In the multiscale description of this problem, where a small absorbing inclusion modifies the optical properties of a much la rger non - absorbing particle, state - of - the - art discretization techniques are combined to provide the best compromise of flexibility and accuracy over a broad range of sizes .

  4. Side-by-side evaluation of a stressed-skin insulated-core panel house and a conventional stud-frame house. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Chandra, S.

    1994-01-14

    Side-by-side energy testing and monitoring was conducted on two houses in Louisville, KY between January--March 1993. Both houses were identical except that one house was constructed with conventional US 2 by 4 studs and a truss roof while the other house was constructed with stress-skin insulated core panels for the walls and second floor ceiling. Air-tightness testing included fan pressurization by blower door, hour long tracer tests using sulphur hexafluoride, and two-week long time-averaged tests using perfluorocarbon tracers. An average of all the air-tightness test results showed the SSIC panel house to have 22 percent less air infiltration than the frame house. Air-tightness testing resulted in a recommendation that both houses have a fresh air ventilation system installed to provide 0.35 air changes per hour continuously. Thermal insulation quality testing was by infrared imaging. Pressure differential testing resulted in recommendations to use sealed combustion appliances, and to allow for more return air flow from closed rooms. This can be accomplished by separate return ducts or transfer ducts which simply connect closed rooms to the main body with a short duct. The SSIC house UA was lower in both cases. By measurement, co-heating tests showed the SSIC panel house total UA to be 12 percent lower than the frame house. Short-term energy monitoring was also conducted for the two houses. A 17 day period of electric heating and a 14 day period of gas furnace heating was evaluated. Monitoring results showed energy savings for the panel house to be 12 percent during electric heating and 15 percent during gas heating. A comparison of the two monitoring periods showed that the lumped efficiency of the gas furnace and air distribution system for both houses was close to 80 percent. Simple regression models using Typical Meteorological Year weather data gave a preliminary prediction of seasonal energy savings between 14 and 20 percent.

  5. The Climate Change Action Plan: Technical supplement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    This Technical Annex documents the assumptions and parameters used in developing the supporting analysis for the Climate Change Action Plan (the Plan) issued by President Clinton on October 19, 1993. The Annex is intended to meet the needs of independent energy and environmental analysts who wish to better understand the Plan, its analytical underpinnings, and the events that need to transpire for the emissions reductions called for in the Plan to be realized. The Plan documented in this Annex reflects the outcome of a wide-ranging effort by Government agencies and interested members of the public to develop and implement actions that can reduce net greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2000 to their aggregate 1990 level. Based on agency and public input, the Climate Change Mitigation Group, chaired by the White House Office on Environmental Policy, developed the Plan`s content. Many of the actions called for in the Plan are now underway, while others are in advanced planning pending congressional action on the fiscal year 1995 budget. The analysis supporting the Plan represents the results of an interagency effort. The US Department of Energy (DOE) was responsible for the integrated analysis of energy-related options, based on the analysis of individual energy-related options by DOE, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the US Department of Transportation (DOT). EPA led in providing analysis for actions related to methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and perfluorocarbons. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) led the analysis of carbon sequestration actions and cooperated with EPA in the analysis of actions to reduce nitrous oxide emissions.

  6. Innovative techniques for the description of reservoir heterogeneity using tracers. Second technical annual progress report, October 1991--September 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, G.A.; Sepehrnoori, K.

    1992-12-31

    This second annual report on innovative uses of tracers for reservoir characterization contains four sections each describing a novel use of oilfield tracers. The first section describes and illustrates the use of a new single-well tracer test to estimate wettability. This test consists of the injection of brine containing tracers followed by oil containing tracers, a shut-in period to allow some of the tracers to react, and then production of the tracers. The inclusion of the oil injection slug with tracers is unique to this test, and this is what makes the test work. We adapted our chemical simulator, UTCHEM, to enable us to study this tracer method and made an extensive simulation study to evaluate the effects of wettability based upon characteristic curves for relative permeability and capillary pressure for differing wetting states typical of oil reservoirs. The second section of this report describes a new method for analyzing interwell tracer data based upon a type-curve approach. Theoretical frequency response functions were used to build type curves of ``transfer function`` and ``phase spectrum`` that have dimensionless heterogeneity index as a parameter to characterize a stochastic permeability field. We illustrate this method by analyzing field tracer data. The third section of this report describes a new theory for interpreting interwell tracer data in terms of channeling and dispersive behavior for reservoirs. Once again, a stochastic approach to reservoir description is taken. The fourth section of this report describes our simulation of perfluorocarbon gas tracers. This new tracer technology developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory is being tested at the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 in California. We report preliminary simulations made of these tracers in one of the oil reservoirs under evaluation with these tracers in this field. Our compostional simulator (UTCOMP) was used for this simulation study.

  7. Acoustic Telemetry Studies of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Survival at the Lower Columbia Projects in 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Hughes, James S.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Durham, Robin E.; Fischer, Eric S.; Kim, Jina; Townsend, Richard L.; Skalski, John R.; McComas, Roy L.

    2008-02-01

    The Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers contracted with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to conduct three studies using acoustic telemetry to estimate detection probabilities and survival of juvenile Chinook salmon at three hydropower projects on the lower Columbia River. The primary goals were to estimate detection and survival probabilities based on sampling with JSATS equipment, assess the feasibility of using JSATS for survival studies, and estimate sample sizes needed to obtain a desired level of precision in future studies. The 2006 JSATS arrays usually performed as well or better than radio telemetry arrays in the JDA and TDA tailwaters, and underperformed radio arrays in the BON tailwater, particularly in spring. Most of the probabilities of detection on at least one of all arrays in a tailwater exceeded 80% for each method, which was sufficient to provide confidence in survival estimates. The probability of detection on one of three arrays includes survival and detection probabilities because fish may die or pass all three arrays undetected but alive.

  8. Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

  9. SMART 3D SUBSURFACE CONTAMINANT CHARACTERIZATION AT THE BGRR DEC OMMISSIONING PROJECT.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HEISER,J.; KALB,P.; SULLIVAN,T.; MILIAN,L.

    2002-08-04

    The Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor is currently on an accelerated decommissioning schedule with a completion date projected for 2005. The accelerated schedule combines characterization with removal actions for the various systems and structures. A major project issue involves characterization of the soils beneath contaminated Below Grade Ducts (BGD), the main air ducts connecting the exhaust plenums with the Fan House. The air plenums experienced water intrusion during BGRR operations and after shutdown. The water intrusions were attributed to rainwater leaks into degraded parts of the system, and to internal cooling water system leaks. If the characterization could provide enough information to show that soil contamination surrounding the BGD is either below cleanup guidelines or is very localized and can be ''surgically removed'' at a reasonable cost, the ducts may be decontaminated and left in place. This will provide significant savings compared to breaking up the 170-ft. long concrete duct, shipping the projected 9,000 m{sup 3} of waste off-site and disposing of it in an approved site. The focus of this Department of Energy Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (DOE ASTD) project was to determine the extent (location, type, and level) of soil contamination surrounding the BGD. A suite of innovative characterization tools was used to complete the characterization of the soil surrounding the BGD in a cost-effective and timely fashion and in a manner acceptable to the stakeholders. A state-of-the-art perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) technology was used to screen the BGD for existing leak pathways and thus focus the characterization on potential contamination ''hot spots.'' Once pathways were identified, the sampling and analysis plan was designed to emphasize the leaking areas of the duct and perform only confirmatory checks in areas shown to be leak-free. A small-footprint Geoprobe{reg_sign} was used obtain core samples and allowed sampling in areas surrounding the BGD that were difficult to access. Two novel, field-deployed, radiological analysis systems (ISOCS and BetaScint{trademark}) were used to analyze the core samples and a three-dimensional (3-D) visualization system facilitated data analysis/interpretation for the stakeholders. All of the technologies performed as well or better than expected and the characterization could not have been completed in the same time or at the same cost without using this approach. A total of 904 BGD soil samples were taken, evaluated, and modeled. Results indicated that contamination was primarily located in discrete areas near several expansion joints and underground structures (bustles), but that much of the soil beneath and surrounding the BGD was clean of any radiological contamination. One-year project cost savings are calculated to be $1,254K. Life cycle cost savings, resulting from reduction in the number of samples and the cost of sample analysis, are estimated to be $2,162K. When added to potential cost savings associated with decontaminating and leaving the BGD in place ($7.1 to 8.1M), far greater overall savings may be realized.

  10. Cooling Strategies for Vane Leading Edges in a Syngas Environment Including Effects of Deposition and Turbulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ames, Forrest; Bons, Jeffrey

    2014-09-30

    The Department of Energy has goals to move land based gas turbine systems to alternate fuels including coal derived synthetic gas and hydrogen. Coal is the most abundant energy resource in the US and in the world and it is economically advantageous to develop power systems which can use coal. Integrated gasification combined cycles are (IGCC) expected to allow the clean use of coal derived fuels while improving the ability to capture and sequester carbon dioxide. These cycles will need to maintain or increase turbine entry temperatures to develop competitive efficiencies. The use of coal derived syngas introduces a range of potential contaminants into the hot section of the gas turbine including sulfur, iron, calcium, and various alkali metals. Depending on the effectiveness of the gas clean up processes, there exists significant likelihood that the remaining materials will become molten in the combustion process and potentially deposit on downstream turbine surfaces. Past evidence suggests that deposition will be a strong function of increasing temperature. Currently, even with the best gas cleanup processes a small level of particulate matter in the syngas is expected. Consequently, particulate deposition is expected to be an important consideration in the design of turbine components. The leading edge region of first stage vanes most often have higher deposition rates than other areas due to strong fluid acceleration and streamline curvature in the vicinity of the surface. This region remains one of the most difficult areas in a turbine nozzle to cool due to high inlet temperatures and only a small pressure ratio for cooling. The leading edge of a vane often has relatively high heat transfer coefficients and is often cooled using showerhead film cooling arrays. The throat of the first stage nozzle is another area where deposition potentially has a strongly adverse effect on turbine performance as this region meters the turbine inlet flow. Based on roughness levels found on in service vanes (Bons, et al., 2001, up to 300 microns) flow blockage in first stage turbine nozzles can easily reach 1 to 2 percent in conventional turbines. Deposition levels in syngas fueled gas turbines are expected to be even more problematic. The likelihood of significant deposition to the leading edge of vanes in a syngas environment indicates the need to examine this effect on the leading edge cooling problem. It is critical to understand the influence of leading edge geometry and turbulence on deposition rates for both internally and showerhead cooled leading edge regions. The expected level of deposition in a vane stagnation region not only significantly changes the heat transfer problem but also suggests that cooling arrays may clog. Addressing the cooling issue suggests a need to better understand stagnation region heat transfer with realistic roughness as well as the other variables affecting transport near the leading edge. Also, the question of whether leading edge regions can be cooled internally with modern cooling approaches should also be raised, thus avoiding the clogging issue. Addressing deposition in the pressure side throat region of the nozzle is another critical issue for this environment. Issues such as examining the protective effect of slot and full coverage discrete-hole film cooling on limiting deposition as well as the influence of roughness and turbulence on effectiveness should be raised. The objective of this present study is to address these technical challenges to help enable the development of high efficiency syngas tolerant gas turbine engines.