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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Black Coral Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital Jump to: navigation,

2

Black River Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital JumpBlack River

3

Black Warrior Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital JumpBlack

4

The lost revolution : capitalism, democracy and black citizenship in early twentieth-century America's biggest race conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This new racial conflict over the future of blacks' social, political and economic self determination became an inescapable "trial by fire" for American democracy. Throughout the United States, W.E.B. Du Bois' "New Negroes," ...

Butler, Katonio A. (Katonio Arthella)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Black River Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital JumpBlack RiverRiver

6

Black Rock I Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital JumpBlack RiverRiverI

7

Black Rock II Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital JumpBlack

8

2011 Strategic Capital Discussions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Agenda Letter announcing September 2011 Strategic Discussions Fact Sheet Capital Follow Ups Background Information September 19th Overview Power Capital Transmission Capital...

9

Human impacts on Caribbean coral reef ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The tissue biomass of common Caribbean reef corals. xv VITAJackson, JBC. “Structure of Caribbean coral reef communitiesHuman impacts on Caribbean coral reef ecosystems by Marah

Hardt, Marah Justine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

CAPITAL REGION  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 2015 < prevBuildingBusinessC/OSectionCAP ProgramCAPITAL

11

Pennsylvanian lophophyllidid corals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of carborundum powder and water. Theaddition of liquid soap or glycerine to the mixture aids appreciably in keeping the powder in suspen-sion during sawing. A thin-bladed diamond saw was used for several dozen corals. The band saw is moresatisfactory... of carborundum powder and water. Theaddition of liquid soap or glycerine to the mixture aids appreciably in keeping the powder in suspen-sion during sawing. A thin-bladed diamond saw was used for several dozen corals. The band saw is moresatisfactory...

Jeffords, Russell M.

1947-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

12

Networks, Information & Social Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates how information flows enable social networks to constitute social capital. By analyzing

Aral, Sinan

2008-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

13

Venture Capital Finance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Plenary III: Project Finance and Investment Venture Capital Finance Brian Baynes, Partner, Flagship Ventures

14

Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

persistence interrupted in Caribbean coral reefs. EcologyJBC. Ecological change on Caribbean coral reefs before coraland extinctions in the Caribbean reef-coral fauna. In

Cramer, Katie Lynn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Coral calcification : insights from inorganic experiments and coral responses to environmental variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanisms involved in the formation of coral skeletons are examined using a laboratory model for coral calcification and the growth of living corals under different environmental conditions. Abiogenic aragonite was ...

Holcomb, Michael (Michael C.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Coral Reef Genomics: Developing tools for functional genomics of coral symbiosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coral Reef Genomics: Developing toolsfor functional genomics of coral symbiosis Jodi SCHWARZ 1 ,symbiosis functional genomics cDNA microarray ABSTRACT

Schwarz, Jodi; Brokstein, Peter; Manohar, Chitra; Coffroth, Mary Alice; Szmant, Alina; Medina, Monica

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

arctic soft coral: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the surroundings. Keywords Artificial reefs ? Coral reefs ? Biodiversity ? Multivariate analysis ? Red Sea Introduction Coral reefs worldwide Benayahu, Yehuda 10...

18

Health Capital and Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital and Finance by Sara Bryant Holland A dissertationCopyright 2010 by Sara Bryant Holland Abstract Healthand Finance by Sara Bryant Holland Doctor of Philosophy in

Holland, Sara Bryant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Capital Access Program (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Access Program provides loan guarantees to small businesses seeking access to commercial credit. Premiums paid by the borrower and matched by Vermont Economic Development Authority fund...

20

Degradation and recovery of Caribbean coral reefs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

54th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, Cancun,Jackson. 2006. Structure of Caribbean coral reef communities86, 2055-2060 Munro J.L. (1983) Caribbean coral reef fishery

Paredes, Gustavo Adolfo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The ecology of coral-microbe interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algal symbioses. Molecular Ecology 18:1823-1833. Webster, N.F. Rohwer. 2008. Microbial ecology of four coral atolls inin Caribbean coral reefs. Ecology Letters 9:818-826. Porter,

Marhaver, Kristen Laura

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Capital Access Program (CAP) (Michigan)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Access Program (CAP), utilizes public resources to generate private financing for small business in Michigan seeking access to capital. Funding from the Michigan Strategic Fund is...

23

Pennsylvania Capital Access Program (Pennsylvania)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pennsylvania Capital Access Program provides loan guarantees for all businesses for the purchase of land, buildings, machinery, equipment and working capital through participating banks. The...

24

Virginia Capital Access Program (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Virginia Capital Access Program (CAP), in partnership with Virginia’s Small Business Financing Authority, provides access to capital for small businesses. Businesses must apply to...

25

Essays in capital markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays in capital markets. The first essay presents a dynamic asset pricing model with heterogeneously informed agents. Unlike previous research, the general case where differential information ...

Makarov, Igor, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Flexible Capital Fund (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund's Flexible Capital Fund (the “Flex Fund”) is designed for companies in Vermont's rural areas that are smaller and work on a less-than global scale, offering a...

27

Texas Capital Fund (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Texas Capital Fund is designed to promote growth in rural non-entitlement areas, generally defined as cities with less than 50,000 residents or counties with less than 200,000 residents....

28

Capital Projects Delivery Procedures Manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Capital Projects Delivery Procedures Manual September 4, 2008 Office of the CFO #12;2 Page I of the Capital Budget 11 B. Budget Approval 12 C. Setting Up Capital Projects 13 III. Procedures for Design ­ Office of the Chief Financial Officer Financial Policies and Procedures for the Capital Project Delivery

Alpay, S. Pamir

29

Brevard shrimpers: Coral plan could  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the coffin of the commercial fishing industry in #12;Port Canaveral," said Laurilee Thompson, owner of Dixie Crossroads Seafood Restaurant in Titusville. Shrimpers don't fish in the area where the coral is. Fishing for or possessing rock shrimp is prohibited within the current closed area, which runs from about

Belogay, Eugene A.

30

Climate controls on coral growth in the Caribbean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate predictions of Caribbean coral reef responses to global climate change are currently limited by a lack of knowledge of the dominant environmental controls on coral growth. Corals exhibit significant responses to ...

Bosshart, Sara A. (Sara Allison)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Innovation and Social Capital in Silicon Valley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Innovation and Social Capital in Silicon Valley * BRIEpath from social capital to innovation has been identified.social capital has for economic development and innovation.

Kenney, Martin; Patton, Donald

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Lipid biomarkers of coral stress : calibration and exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corals are increasingly threatened by warming sea surface temperatures and other anthropogenic changes. The delicate symbiosis between corals and their algal endosymbionts (zooxanthellae) is easily disrupted by thermal ...

Kneeland, Jessie M. (Jessie Mary)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Microbes versus fish : the bioenergetics of coral reef systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

further investigate the bioenergetic role of the microbialversus Fish: The Bioenergetics of Coral Reef Systems Aversus Fish: The Bioenergetics of Coral Reef Systems by

McDole, Tracey Shannon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Vermont Seed Capital Fund (Vermont)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vermont Seed Capital Fund increases the amount of investment capital available to new Vermont firms or to existing Vermont firms for the purpose of expansion. The first $5 million of...

35

Capital and revenue expenditures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... not tahe tho plass of asy asset or part of aa asset already onistiag Ln a business, but give tho already sainting fined asset ealues an a44ed physioal value whioh they did not previously possess ~ Additions rosoable original oost in that both...

Owens, Jack Bailey

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

QGESS: Capital Cost Scaling Methodology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(costs and values of inputs, outputs, and processes, including capital and operating costs) and performance (mass conversion, energy efficiency, and, generally speaking,...

37

Florida Venture Capital Program (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Florida Venture Capital Program provides equity investments and convertible debt instruments to emerging Florida companies and companies locating in Florida with long-term growth potential. ...

38

Black Hills Power Inc (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital Jump to:

39

Human Capital Management Accountability Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes requirements, roles and responsibilities for the Human Capital Management Accountability Program (HCMAP) for human resources programs and personnel and ensures that human capital activities are regulatory and procedurally compliant with Federal statutes and Departmental policies. Does not cancel other directives.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

West Virginia Venture Capital (West Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The West Virginia Venture Capital provides investment funds to eligible businesses stimulating economic growth and providing or retaining jobs within the state through qualified venture capital...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fish assemblages on coral reefs in Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reefs that support a wide variety of habitats, a rich ichthyofauna, and one of the highest coral diversities found in the Caribbean, Guanaja is one of Honduras' major eco-tourism destinations. Coral bleaching, a phenomena initially documented in 1931...

Mahendran, Christopher Kandiah

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Epifaunal Assemblages on Deep-water Corals in Roatan, Honduras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deep-water corals provide complex habitat structure for diverse assemblages of invertebrates and fishes. Similar to shallow coral reefs, oyster reefs, and seagrass beds, these complex biogenic structures serve many ecosystem functions: (a) as prey...

Lavelle, Katherine

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

43

Digital Moorea Cyberinfrastructure for Coral Reef Tony Fountain #1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-poor waters, coral reefs are among the most productive and species-rich ecosystems on earth. They also provide of a coral reef ecosystem instrumented with real-time sensors connected to high-performance backend resources to reality at the Moorea Coral Reef site (MCR LTER, www.mcr.lternet.edu) of the U.S. National Science

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

44

Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of Guam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of U.S. and international coral reef ecosystems. The CRCA also required that the National OceanicStatus of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of Guam By Val Porter, Trina Leberer, Mike Gawel, Jay Gutierrez Marine Laboratory Technical Report No. 113 October 2005 #12;Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of Guam

Mcilwain, Jenny

45

Nonlinear Capital Taxation Without Commitment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study efficient non-linear taxation of labour and capital in a dynamic Mirrleesian model incorporating political economy constraints. Policies are chosen sequentially over time, without commitment. Our main result is ...

Werning, Ivan

46

Venture Capital Program (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Venture Capital Program, provided by the ND Department of Commerce, is an innovative financial program that provides flexible financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding...

47

Florida Capital Access Program (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Florida Capital Access Program, run by the Florida Department of Economic Development, is a loan portfolio insurance program enabling lenders to make loans to credit-worthy small businesses. ...

48

Capital Investment Tax Credit (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Investment Tax Credit is an annual credit, provided for up to twenty years, against the corporate income tax. Eligible projects are those in designated high-impact portions of the...

49

Social Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, labor mobility, and social capital. The key assumption is that technological innovation, which drivesSocial Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge , Joachim von Amsberg § March 2002 Revised July 2002 Abstract We define and characterize social capital in a simple growth model. We capture social capital

50

2014 State Capital Request Board of Regents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on FY 2015 capital budget Financial Summary Request dollars in thousands Location Project Total State U

Weiblen, George D

51

Transmission line capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lecture notes for a 'Part III' course 'Black Holes' given in DAMTP, Cambridge. The course covers some of the developments in Black Hole physics of the 1960s and 1970s.

P. K. Townsend

1997-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

53

Essays on information technology and intangible capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays related to information technology and intangible capital. The first essay, "Valuing IT-Related Intangible Capital," examines the value of intangible assets in the firm. Using a panel ...

Saunders, Adam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit allows a tax credit of 5% of the amount paid for any new fixed capital investment. Companies with fewer than 800 full-time employees may take a tax credit...

55

Public Capital, Growth and Welfare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(t) + I(t) (0,1): depreciation rate. K(t+1) = (1 - )K(t) + I(t) (0,1): efficiency/governance services Private capital Rate of time preference Consumption saving decisions Investment in physical and sanitation--increase in enrolment rates (especially for girls, rural areas). 2. Electricity

56

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorate coral disease Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: ameliorate coral disease Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Climate change impedes scleractinian corals as primary reef ecosystem engineers Summary:...

57

Strategic Use of Human Capital | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Human Capital Strategic Use of Human Capital A report on how the DOE uses and plans to reform their use of human capital. Strategic Use of Human Capital More Documents &...

58

A Capital Market Test of Representativeness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A CAPITAL MARKET TEST OF REPRESENTATIVENESS A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD URFAN SAFDAR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Accounting A Capital Market Test of Representativeness Copyright 2012 Mohammad Urfan Safdar A CAPITAL MARKET TEST OF REPRESENTATIVENESS A Dissertation...

Safdar, Mohammad

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

59

Black Hills/Colorado Electric Utility Co. Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVenturesCoral Capital Jump

60

Molecules and fossils reveal punctuated diversification in Caribbean "faviid" corals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

punctuated diversification in Caribbean “faviid” corals. BMCRanges of the Fossil Caribbean Faviidae. Compiled firstand notes for all Caribbean fossil faviid species. Competing

Schwartz, Sonja A; Budd, Ann F; Carlon, David B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Hazel Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer CountyCorridorPart A Permit Application Jump to:Capital Place:

62

Corals Subject Review 1. ____________ organisms are composed of hundreds to hun-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their algal cells. 17. Coral ______________ occurs when coral polyps expel their algal cells, causing algae, reef-building corals respond to the environment like __________. 19. Because their algal cells;oceanservice.noaa.gov/education Corals Subject Review 21. Reefs form when polyps secrete skeletons

63

Extreme Longevity in Proteinaceous Deep-Sea Corals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep-sea corals are found on hard substrates on seamounts and continental margins world-wide at depths of 300 to {approx}3000 meters. Deep-sea coral communities are hotspots of deep ocean biomass and biodiversity, providing critical habitat for fish and invertebrates. Newly applied radiocarbon age date from the deep water proteinaceous corals Gerardia sp. and Leiopathes glaberrima show that radial growth rates are as low as 4 to 35 {micro}m yr{sup -1} and that individual colony longevities are on the order of thousands of years. The management and conservation of deep sea coral communities is challenged by their commercial harvest for the jewelry trade and damage caused by deep water fishing practices. In light of their unusual longevity, a better understanding of deep sea coral ecology and their interrelationships with associated benthic communities is needed to inform coherent international conservation strategies for these important deep-sea ecosystems.

Roark, E B; Guilderson, T P; Dunbar, R B; Fallon, S J; Mucciarone, D A

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

64

Nite Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) JumpOpenJV Jump to: navigation, searchNite Capital

65

Commons Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy,(EC-LEDS)Columbus ElectricRefuse ToCommons Capital Jump

66

BEV Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCT BiomassArnprior,Aurantia SACitas Jump to:PáginasBEV Capital

67

Earthrise Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revision hasESE Alcohol JumpEarthFirstEarthrise Capital

68

Capital Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV JumpBraselcoCMNACangnan GelinCapitalSolar

69

Infield Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: Eden Prairie,Infield Capital Jump to: navigation, search

70

Capital Investment Incentive (Nova Scotia, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Investment Incentive (CII) is part of the Productivity Investment Program as outlined in the economic growth plan for Nova Scotia, jobsHere.

71

The Ohio Capital Access Program (OCAP) (Ohio)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Ohio Capital Access Program (OCAP) encourages state depository financial institutions to make loans to for-profit or nonprofit small businesses that are having difficulty obtaining business...

72

Capital Cooking: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23008)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Capital Cooking Equipment, Inc. failed to certify cooking products as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

73

Coral Power LLC (Washington) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The following text is derivedCoReturnCookson HillsCoral Power LLC

75

Avoided Gigawatts Through Utility Capital Recovery Fees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure is possible through the use of capital recovery fees for new electric meter hookups similar to those commonly used for new water and wastewater hookups where the developer/owner is required to capitalize the marginal cost of new demand. By giving...

Frosenfeld, A. N.; Verdict, M. E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Trade and Capital Flows: A Financial Frictions Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical Heckscher?Ohlin?Mundell paradigm states that trade and capital mobility are substitutes in the sense that trade integration reduces the incentives for capital to flow to capital?scarce countries. In this paper ...

Antràs, Pol

77

Accessing Low-Cost Capital Through Securitization (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poster for Solar Power International conference presents information on NREL's effort to open capital markets through securitization via Solar Access to Public Capital (SAPC) working group's efforts.

Mendelsohn, M.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy Design and Construction - 2014 BTO Peer Review Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

79

Behaviour of settling coral reef fishes and supplementary mamagement tools   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coral reef fish larvae take an active role in selecting their settlement site and sensory cues may help them to orientate during this process. As settlement is a period of transition through which the majority of individuals ...

Heenan, Adel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

EECBG Success Story: Cape Coral Youth Center Helps Light the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The city of Cape Coral, Florida -- a town of located on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico -- is using funding from the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gametogenesis of the warm water coral Astrangia astreiformis (Anthozoa: Scleractinia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 19g6 Major Subject: Zoology GAMETOGENESIS OF THE WARM WATER CORAL ASTRANGIA ASTREIFORMIS (ANTHOZOA: SCLERACTINIA) A Thesis by LAUREN 3EAN ST. PIERRE Approved as to style and content by: ary K. Wicksten Chair of Committee... Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Mary K. Wicksten ~At t f (?th: I t ) h tyy (non-reef building) coral naturally occurring with and without symbiotic zooxanthellae (endosymbiotic dfnoflagellates). It has a recorded range from Massachusetts, along...

St. Pierre, Lauren Jean

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Black liquor gasifier/gas turbine cogeneration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kraft process dominates pulp and paper production worldwide. Black liquor, a mixture of lignin and inorganic chemicals, is generated in this process as fiber is extracted from wood. At most kraft mills today, black liquor is burned in Tomlinson boilers to produce steam for on-site heat and power and to recover the inorganic chemicals for reuse in the process. Globally, the black liquor generation rate is about 85,000 MW{sub fuel} (or 0.5 million tonnes of dry solids per day), with nearly 50% of this in North America. The majority of presently installed Tomlinson boilers will reach the end of their useful lives during the next 5 to 20 years. As a replacement for Tomlinson-based cogeneration, black liquor-gasifier/gas turbine cogeneration promises higher electrical efficiency, with prospective environmental, safety, and capital cost benefits for kraft mills. Several companies are pursuing commercialization of black liquor gasification for gas turbine applications. This paper presents results of detailed performance modeling of gasifier/gas turbine cogeneration systems using different black liquor gasifiers modeled on proposed commercial designs.

Consonni, S. [Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Dept. di Energetica; Larson, E.D.; Keutz, T.G. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Berglin, N. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Heat and Power Technology

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Development and implementation of a coral health assessment tool for St. John, USVI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coral health in St. John, US Virgin Islands, has shown tremendous declines in recent years, with more than 50% declines in live coral cover. As one component of a group project to assess the possible impacts of anthropogenic ...

Detlefsen, William Robert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Adage Capital Management, LP ADP Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adage Capital Management, LP ADP Foundation Agilent Technologies, Inc. Air Products Foundation Alcoa Foundation Alexander & Baldwin, Inc. AllianceBernstein Foundation Fund Allstate Foundation Alstom Power, Inc. Altria Group, Inc. American Express Foundation American Institute for Foreign Study American

Napier, Terrence

85

An Introduction to Venture Capital Granite representatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2006 An Introduction to Venture Capital #12;2 Granite representatives Sam Kingsland ­ Managing;3 Introduction to Granite Ventures Founded in 1992 Granite has 9 investment professionals Over $1B under

Anderson, Richard

86

Capitalize on Existing Assets with Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial facilities universally struggle with escalating energy costs. EnerNOC will demonstrate how commercial, industrial, and institutional end-users can capitalize on their existing assets—at no cost and no risk. Demand response, the voluntary...

Collins, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lining Over Refractory - Conserve Energy and Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.~. LINING OVER REFRACTORY - CONSERVE ENERGY & CAPITAL by Mark L. Jost Gerald L. Barrows The Carborundum Company Niagara Falls, New York INTRODUCTION Companies operating industrial heating equip Advantages ment find themselves coming under...

Jost, M. L.; Barrows, G. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

North Carolina Capital Access Program (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The North Carolina Capital Access Program provides matching reserve funds for business loans that are beyond the traditional lending means of a lender’s usual standards. The average CAP loan is ...

89

Social Capital in Professional Learning Communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in sociology of education research. Drawing on organizational sociology, this research proposes a model of PLC social capital that treats brokerage (external ties) and closure (internal ties) as the key dimensions of team functioning as proposed by Ron Burt...

Conrady, David P.

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

Favors from Facebook Friends: Unpacking Dimensions of Social Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital [5, 14, 19]. Social capital is a conceptual framework that considers the resources held by thoseFavors from Facebook Friends: Unpacking Dimensions of Social Capital Yumi Jung, Rebecca Gray]@umich.edu ABSTRACT Past research has demonstrated a link between perceptions of social capital and use of the popular

Michigan, University of

91

Paleoecology, structure, and distribution of Triassic coral buildups in western North America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cold-water coral banks that could easily be mistaken for shallow, tropical reefs if preserved in the rock record. The Triassic buildups of North America are domi- nated by astrocoeniid, montlivaltiid, and thamnasteriid corals that differ little over... with modern coral reefs, Smith (1927) inferred tropical climates for North America during the Triassic and cited broader climatic belts to explain the present-day distribu- tional data. Muller (1936a, b), in discussing Triassic coral reefs from Nevada...

Stanley, G. D., Jr.

1979-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

92

Long prereproductive selection and divergence by depth in a Caribbean candelabrum coral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long prereproductive selection and divergence by depth in a Caribbean candelabrum coral Carlos of the candelabrum coral Eunicea flexuosa across the Caribbean. Eunicea is endemic to the Caribbean and all sister: How can new marine species emerge without obvious geographic isolation? Caribbean coral reefs

Hellberg, Michael E.

93

Capital gains tax treatment and the cattleman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Subject: Agricultural Economics CAPITAL GAINS TAX TREATMENT AND THE CATTLEMAN A Thesis by M I LTDN EDWARD R I STE R Approved as to style and content by: airman o ommi e Dr. Ronald R. Kay Head o D artment Dr. John opkin Mem er Dr. Donald... R. Levi e er Dr. Howard Hesby December 1976 ABSTRACT Capital Gains Tax Treatment and the Catt leman. (December 1976) Milton Edward Rister, B. S. , Texas ASM University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. Ronald D. Kay The federal tax...

Rister, M. Edward

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Essays on human capital and financial economics by Jialan Wang.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays examining issues related to human capital, careers, and financial economics. In the first chapter, I examine how the process of corporate bankruptcy varies by human capital intensity ...

Wang, Jialan, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Capital Controls: Mud in the Wheels of Market Discipline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Widespread support for capital account liberalization in emerging markets has recently shifted to skepticism and even support for capital controls in certain circumstances. This sea-change in attitudes has been bolstered ...

Forbes, Kristin J.

2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants April 2013 Information Administration | Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants ii Contents Introduction

97

2011-2015 Human Capital Management Plan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This Human Capital Management Plan (HCMP or Plan) shows how we intend to recruit, hire, train, develop, and retain such employees. 2011-2015 Human Capital Management Plan More...

98

Soil as natural capital Ecosystem services and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

threats Decline in: Lead to: soil carbon soil erosion biological ac2 tool box Information on sustainable soil use incentives After Daiily et al 2009 "decision loop" #12;Soil is a natural capital Ecosystem services Nutrient retention Carbon storage Water retention

99

Stress Testing Projected Capitalized Farmland Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that current year real cash rent can be best explained by current year real net farm income, lagged real net farm income over a period of years, and real cash rent in the previous year. A spreadsheet simulation model is used to project capitalized farmland...

Gao, Bo 1988-

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

Taxation and Capital Spending Alan J. Auerbach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Federal Reserve System, October 7, 2005. #12;I. Introduction Why should macroeconomists care about of capital accumulation and hence the rate of economic growth. Current discussions of fundamental tax reform of consumption and the health of the financial sector. I limit my focus to business fixed investment

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

FY95 capital asset implementation plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Division (WID) is committed to providing good stewardship for the capital assets under its operational and physical control. To achieve this goal, the WID has developed the Capital Asset Implementation Plan (CAIP) to continue to implement for FY95 Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.2A, Capital Asset Management Process (CAMP). The Order provides policy and elements needed to establish a credible, consistent, auditable, and technically sound process for the DOE to forecast, plan, and budget for capital assets on a functional unit level. The objective of the WIPP CAMP program is to meet the goals of DOE Order 4320.2A in the most effective and efficient manner possible in support of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) mission. As a result, this CAIP provides a way to implement the CAMP Program using a graded approach. Continued implementation will be accomplished by improving the existing process, and establishing future goals to promote growth for the CAMP Program. The CAIP is issued annually by the WID with quarterly progress reports submitted to the DOE. This document describes the current-year program staffing, roles, responsibilities, funding, and near-term milestones. In addition, the results of past goals are discussed.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Capital controls and external debt term structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

short-term bonds and one long-term bond offered by the domestic banks to international lenders. First I look at a simple model were international lending is modeled exogenously. I consider explicitly the maturity composition of capital inflows to a...

Al Zein, Eza Ghassan

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A hedge fund business plan : investment theory, operations, and capital raising for Broadgates Capital Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Launching a start-up hedge fund is a complex, multifaceted endeavor that requires an understanding of the interconnectivity between capital raising, investment strategy, regulation, and fund operations. The purpose of this ...

Mills, Jeffrey David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

THE EFFECT OF HERBIVORY BY THE LONG-SPINED SEA URCHIN, DIADEMA SAVIGNYI, ON ALGAE GROWTH IN THE CORAL REEFS OF MOOREA, FRENCH POLYNESIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between corals and algae on coral reefs: a review of4: 16-24. Wilder, R.M. Algae-Herbivore Interactions on theURCHIN, DIADEMA SAVIGNYI, ON ALGAE GROWTH IN THE CORAL REEFS

Hoey, Jennifer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Is the Insurance Cost-of-Capital Fair? Mathieu Gatumel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

companies or on the modelling of insurance business profit and loss. We estimate a cost-of-capital rateIs the Insurance Cost-of-Capital Fair? Mathieu Gatumel CAHIER DE RECHERCHE n°2011-07 E2 Unité Mixte the Insurance Cost-of-Capital Fair? MathieuMathieuMathieuMathieu GatumelGatumelGatumelGatumel University

Boyer, Edmond

106

The University of Northern British Columbia Five Year Capital Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for the regional campuses; · To estimate the cost of the recommended capital projects and to identify preferred its scope to recommending new capital projects with an estimated cost exceeding $1M. Other yet-to- be-completed capital projects with a cost below $1M previously reported to government are listed in Appendix 2

Northern British Columbia, University of

107

Tier I Canada Research Chair Human Capital and Productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tier I Canada Research Chair in Human Capital and Productivity The University of Western Ontario and international candidates for a Tier I Canada Research Chair in the area of Human Capital and Productivity renowned group of economists who work on research related to human capital and productivity. This includes

Lennard, William N.

108

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. This report covers Task 1.3, Simulative corrosion of candidate materials developed by refractory producers and in the laboratory based on the results of Task 1.1 and Task 1.2. Refractories provided by in-kind sponsors were tested by cup testing, density/porosity determinations, chemical analysis and microscopy. The best performing materials in the cup testing were fused cast materials. However, 2 castables appear to outperforming any of the previously tested materials and may perform better than the fused cast materials in operation. The basis of the high performance of these materials is the low open porosity and permeability to black liquor smelt.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Jun Wei

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

North Cove Capital Advisors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City)Norristown,Braddock isStateCentralCapital Advisors

110

Conservation Capital LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentratingRenewable Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation,AreaHighInformationConservation Capital

111

Green Capital Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: EnergyGrasslands RenewableGreatwood, Texas:Open EnergyGreen Capital

112

James Monroe Capital Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen Energy2005)Jamaica Beach, Texas: EnergyJames Monroe Capital

113

Capital Energy SL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JV JumpBraselcoCMNACangnan GelinCapital

114

Impact Capital Partners Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISI SolarIdanha,Information JumpMoroccoCapital

115

E-Print Network 3.0 - atoll coral biodiversity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to form his beloved atolls. It is these deep, cold-water corals that are the focus... broad research areas: links and connectivity, biodiversity ... Source: Brierley, Andrew -...

116

Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

009-9346-0 Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, andresult- ing from climate change, as evidenced by massmore suscep- tible to climate change stressors (Hughes and

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

009-9346-0 Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, andresult- ing from climate change, as evidenced by massby direct effects of climate change including ocean warming,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - artificially synthesized coral Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

provide a number of ecosystem services including coastal defense from storms... simulation model of a Caribbean coral reef to examine the ecosystem requirements for grazing which...

119

Functional connectivity of coral reef fishes in a tropical seascape assessed by compound-specific stable isotope analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ecological integrity of tropical habitats, including mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs, is coming under increasing pressure from human activities. Many coral reef fish species are thought to use mangroves and ...

McMahon, Kelton Wells

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Coral Extension Rate Analysis Using Computed Axial Tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORAL EXTENSION RATE ANALYSIS USING COMPUTED AXIAL TOMOGRAPHY A Thesis by ELEANOR ANN YUDELMAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Niall Slowey Committee Members, Deborah Thomas Benjamin Giese George P. Schmahl Head of Department, Deborah Thomas May 2014 Major Subject: Oceanography Copyright 2014 Eleanor Ann Yudelman ii ABSTRACT...

Yudelman, Eleanor Ann

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Black Pine Engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Pine Engineering is commercializing a disruptive technology in the turbomachinery industry. Using a patented woven composite construction, Black Pine Engineering can make turbomachines (turbines, compressors) that are cheaper and lighter than competing technologies. Using this technology, Black Pine Engineering will sell turbo-compressors which solve the problem of wasted steam in geothermal power plants.

122

Black Hole Chemistry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass of a black hole has traditionally been identified with its energy. We describe a new perspective on black hole thermodynamics, one that identifies the mass of a black hole with chemical enthalpy, and the cosmological constant as thermodynamic pressure. This leads to an understanding of black holes from the viewpoint of chemistry, in terms of concepts such as Van der Waals fluids, reentrant phase transitions, and triple points. Both charged and rotating black holes exhibit novel chemical-type phase behaviour, hitherto unseen.

David Kubiznak; Robert B. Mann

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

Geochemistry of slow-growing corals : reconstructing sea surface temperature, salinity and the North Atlantic Oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 225-year old coral from the south shore of Bermuda (64°W, 320N) provides a record of decadal-to-centennial scale climate variability. The coral was collected live, and sub-annual density bands seen in x-radiographs ...

Goodkin, Nathalie Fairbank

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Movement of Deep-Sea Coral Populations on Climatic Timescales 3.1 ABSTRACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the distributions and rates of deep-water mass shifts during times of past climate change has largely been informed by several millennial scale rapid climate change events. Here we investigate the ecological response of deep-sea coral communities to both glaciation and rapid climate change. We find that the deep-sea coral

Winfree, Erik

125

Which Environmental Factors Predict Seasonal Variation in the Coral Health of Acropora digitifera and Acropora  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Western Australia, Perth,Western Australia, Australia Abstract The impact of physico-chemical factors. digitifera and A. spicifera, at Ningaloo Reef (north-western Australia) in the southeast Indian Ocean. Coral address: CSIRO Marine and Atmopheric Research, Perth, Western Australia, Australia Introduction Coral

Feng, Ming

126

Decadal cyclicity of regional mid-Holocene precipitation: Evidence from Dominican coral proxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decadal cyclicity of regional mid-Holocene precipitation: Evidence from Dominican coral proxies of four Holocene specimens of Montastraea sp. and Siderastrea sp. coral skeletons from the Dominican Republic were analyzed to examine decadal-scale fluctuations in regional precipitation. The specimens range

Greer, Lisa

127

Fractal patterns of coral communities: evidence from remote sensing (Arabian Gulf, Dubai, U.A.E.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fractal patterns of coral communities: evidence from remote sensing (Arabian Gulf, Dubai, U to power-law distributions over several orders of magnitude to an extent that suggests fractal behaviour, fractal, IKONOS Introduction It has long been recognized that the processes driving coral reef dynamics

Purkis, Sam

128

IT Capital Planning | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »Exchange Visitors HistoryHybrid Wind and SolarIT Capital Planning

129

New Energy Capital Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3InformationofServicesNeuCo620572°,York: EnergyCapital Corp

130

Human Capital Organization | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecemberGlossaryEnergy andAction CenterHuman Capital

131

MVP Capital Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IEOWCCatcher.pngWavemill <MN OfficeMSEMVP Capital

132

Wind Farm Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do BrasilGmbHWeardale TaskEnergyLtd JumpCapital

133

Mont Vista Capital LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico: EnergyMithun Jump to:Moe WindMont Vista Capital LLC Place: New

134

Starlight Capital Advisors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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135

CAPITAL PROGRAMMING GUIDE | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of4 Federal6Clean EnergyofF. 1400.12 (03-00)EnergyCAPITAL

136

Absolute Energy Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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137

Capital Sources and Providers | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 20154:04-21-2014 (866) 448 - DEPOMeeting No.Capital Sources

138

Greenwood Capital Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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139

Climate Human Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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140

Memo Issuance of EM Capital and Major Operating Project Standard...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Capital and Corporate Services, EM-70 John Surash, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition and Contract Management, EM-80 Susan...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

International Human Capital Formation, Brain Drain and Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, individuals' abilities, sunk educational investment costs, government grants, and expected capital formation, brain gain, brain drain, international migration, sunk costs, educational grants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Capital One Financial Corporatio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

contribute to these emissions, Capital One developed a Sustainable Transportation Demand Management program which includes Flexible Work Solutions to enable associates to work...

143

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. This report covers Task 1.4, Industrial Trial of candidate materials developed by refractory producers and in the laboratory based on the results of Task 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3. Refractories provided by in-kind sponsors to industrial installations tested by cup testing, density/porosity determinations, chemical analysis and microscopy. None of the materials produced in this program have been tried in high temperature gasifiers, but the mortar developed Morcocoat SP-P is outperforming other mortars tested at ORNL. MORCO PhosGun M-90-O has shown in laboratory testing to be an acceptable candidate for hot and cold repairs of existing high temperature gasifiers. It may prove to be an acceptable lining material.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Laing

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Cost of a Ride: The Effects of Densities on Fixed-Guideway Transit Ridership and Capital Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transit – exceeded capital cost estimates by 40% duringfound that capital costs exceeded estimates by an averagesystems. We estimate the total capital cost, average weekday

Guerra, Erick; Cervero, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Quantifying capital goods for waste incineration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • Materials and energy used for the construction of waste incinerators were quantified. • The data was collected from five incineration plants in Scandinavia. • Included were six main materials, electronic systems, cables and all transportation. • The capital goods contributed 2–3% compared to the direct emissions impact on GW. - Abstract: Materials and energy used for the construction of modern waste incineration plants were quantified. The data was collected from five incineration plants (72,000–240,000 tonnes per year) built in Scandinavia (Norway, Finland and Denmark) between 2006 and 2012. Concrete for the buildings was the main material used amounting to 19,000–26,000 tonnes per plant. The quantification further included six main materials, electronic systems, cables and all transportation. The energy used for the actual on-site construction of the incinerators was in the range 4000–5000 MW h. In terms of the environmental burden of producing the materials used in the construction, steel for the building and the machinery contributed the most. The material and energy used for the construction corresponded to the emission of 7–14 kg CO{sub 2} per tonne of waste combusted throughout the lifetime of the incineration plant. The assessment showed that, compared to data reported in the literature on direct emissions from the operation of incinerators, the environmental impacts caused by the construction of buildings and machinery (capital goods) could amount to 2–3% with respect to kg CO{sub 2} per tonne of waste combusted.

Brogaard, L.K., E-mail: lksb@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering, Building 115, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Riber, C. [Ramboll, Consulting Engineers, Hannemanns Allé 53, DK-2300 Copenhagen S (Denmark); Christensen, T.H. [Department of Environmental Engineering, Building 115, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang; Alireza Rezaie

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO2 and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick; Musa Karakus; Alireza Rezaie

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

148

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang; Alireza Rezaie

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla identified materials that permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project was to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study attempted to define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials were selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; and were functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development were divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr.; Alireza Rezaie

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang; Jun Wei

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO{sub 2} and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Musa Karakus; Xiaoting Liang; Jun Wei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla identified materials that permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project was to resolve the material problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LPHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study attempted to define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials were selected or developed that reacted with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; and were functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical and physical properties and chemical stability; and are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development was divided into 2 tasks: Task 1 was development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesium aluminate and barium aluminate for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO2 and SiC. Task 2 was finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie; Xiaoting Liang; Musa Karakus; Jun Wei

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

REFRACTORY FOR BLACK LIQUOR GASIFIERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr.; Alireza Rezaie

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

William L. Headrick Jr; Alireza Rezaie

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Refractory for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla will identify materials that will permit the safe, reliable and economical operation of combined cycle gasifiers by the pulp and paper industry. The primary emphasis of this project will be to resolve the materials problems encountered during the operation of low-pressure high-temperature (LFHT) and low-pressure low-temperature (LPLT) gasifiers while simultaneously understanding the materials barriers to the successful demonstration of high-pressure high-temperature (HPHT) black liquor gasifiers. This study will define the chemical, thermal and physical conditions in current and proposed gasifier designs and then modify existing materials and develop new materials to successfully meet the formidable material challenges. Resolving the material challenges of black liquor gasification combined cycle technology will provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits that include higher thermal efficiencies, up to three times greater electrical output per unit of fuel, and lower emissions. In the near term, adoption of this technology will allow the pulp and paper industry greater capital effectiveness and flexibility, as gasifiers are added to increase mill capacity. In the long term, combined-cycle gasification will lessen the industry's environmental impact while increasing its potential for energy production, allowing the production of all the mill's heat and power needs along with surplus electricity being returned to the grid. An added benefit will be the potential elimination of the possibility of smelt-water explosions, which constitute an important safety concern wherever conventional Tomlinson recovery boilers are operated. Developing cost-effective materials with improved performance in gasifier environments may be the best answer to the material challenges presented by black liquor gasification. Refractory materials may be selected/developed that either react with the gasifier environment to form protective surfaces in-situ; are functionally-graded to give the best combination of thermal, mechanical, and physical properties and chemical stability; or are relatively inexpensive, reliable repair materials. Material development will be divided into 2 tasks: Task 1, Development and property determinations of improved and existing refractory systems for black liquor containment. Refractory systems of interest include magnesia aluminate and baria aluminate spinels for binder materials, both dry and hydratable, and materials with high alumina contents, 85-95 wt%, aluminum oxide, 5.0-15.0 wt%, and BaO, SrO, CaO, ZrO and SiC. Task 2, Finite element analysis of heat flow and thermal stress/strain in the refractory lining and steel shell of existing and proposed vessel designs. Stress and strain due to thermal and chemical expansion has been observed to be detrimental to the lifespan of existing black liquor gasifiers. The thermal and chemical strain as well as corrosion rates must be accounted for in order to predict the lifetime of the gasifier containment materials.

Robert E. Moore; William L. Headrick; Alireza Rezaie

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. Such limits exist for both types of solutions; for the bi-rings it is obtained when the two rings drag each other to extremality through the effect of gravitational frame-dragging. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Elvang, Henriette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Henriette Elvang; Maria J. Rodriguez

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Revised Date September 18, 2013 Capital Project Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Identify Funding Funding Source(s) 2. Cost Estimate Information (from preliminary estimate form): 3_- Project Name Cost Estimate Low Range High Range #12;Revised Date ­ January 25, 2013 Priority RankingRevised Date ­ September 18, 2013 Capital Project Planning Project Approval Form All capital

162

A Two State Capital Asset Pricing Model Moshe Fridman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Hidden Markov Models (HMM). We apply the model to monthly return data for three oil industry corporation expected returns on capital assets investments with ex- pected market returns. Under the model, the returnA Two State Capital Asset Pricing Model Moshe Fridman Institute for Mathematics and its

163

Valuing Rail Transit: Comparing Capital and Operating Costs to Consumer Benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years gives an annual capital cost estimate of $321 million,further adjust the capital cost estimates for these systemscosts. In order to estimate capital costs for five systems

Guerra, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

On the relation between expected returns and implied cost of capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coef?cient estimate on implied cost of capital to be biased.the implied cost of capital literature estimates of the exestimates of ex ante risk premiums inferred from implied cost of capital

Hughes, John; Liu, Jing; Liu, Jun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

BLACK HISTORY MONTH  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by black Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history. The event grew out of “Negro History Week,” created by historian Carter G. Woodson and other prominent African Americans. Other countries around the world, including Canada and the United Kingdom, also devote a month to celebrating black history.

166

A Black Hole Levitron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the problem of spatially stabilising four dimensional extremal black holes in background electric/magnetic fields. Whilst looking for stationary stable solutions describing black holes kept in external fields we find that taking a continuum limit of Denef et al's multi-center solutions provides a supergravity description of such backgrounds within which a black hole can be trapped in a given volume. This is realised by levitating a black hole over a magnetic dipole base. We comment on how such a construction resembles a mechanical Levitron.

Xerxes D. Arsiwalla; Erik P. Verlinde

2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

167

Dynamics of black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a review of current theory of black-hole dynamics, concentrating on the framework in terms of trapping horizons. Summaries are given of the history, the classical theory of black holes, the defining ideas of dynamical black holes, the basic laws, conservation laws for energy and angular momentum, other physical quantities and the limit of local equilibrium. Some new material concerns how processes such as black-hole evaporation and coalescence might be described by a single trapping horizon which manifests temporally as separate horizons.

Sean A. Hayward

2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

168

EA-293-A Coral Energy Management, LLC | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric Power80AC3-A Coral

169

EA-212-C Coral Power, LLC | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct,Final9: DraftPlant, Amarillo, Texas |2:12-C Coral Power, LLC

170

Patterns of coral recruitment at the East Flower Garden Bank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PA~ OF CORK RECRUITMENZ AT THE EAST ~ GARDEN BANK A Thesis LARRY SCOTT BAGGEIT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requireaents for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major... Subject: Oceanography PA~ OF CORAL RZCRUI11%2% AT THE EAST FLCKKB GARDEN BANK A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by: Thomas J. Bri t (Chairman of Ccxnmittee) Eric N. Pcwell (~r) A. B. Smith (Member ) R. O. Reid (Head of Department...

Baggett, Larry Scott

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Developing our human capital : a mixed-method study of teacher use of online communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital refers to interconnectivity or relations betweensocial capital, or interconnectivity is available to them.teachers were developing interconnectivity and relationships

Clark, Rebecca Peterson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

"Hybrid" Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a solution of the Einstein equations, obtained by gluing the external Kerr metric and the internal Weyl metric, describing an axisymmetric static vacuum distorted black hole. These metrics are glued at the null surfaces representing their horizons. For this purpose we use the formalism of massive thin null shells. The corresponding solution is called a "hybrid" black hole. The massive null shell has an angular momentum which is the origin of the rotation of the external Kerr spacetime. At the same time, the shell distorts the geometry inside the horizon. The inner geometry of the "hybrid" black hole coincides with the geometry of the interior of a non-rotating Weyl-distorted black hole. Properties of the "hybrid" black holes are briefly discussed.

Valeri P. Frolov; Andrei V. Frolov

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

Required Information. Please print clearly using capital letters in blue or black ink. Subscriber First Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retailers, Wal-Mart, Best Buy, R-Solutions/SC Kiosk, RadioShack, Sam's Club, CompUSA, Car Toys, Sony Style and Costco retailer locations and websites; or LetsTalk.com (Let's Talk, LLC), Simplexity LLC (or Wirefly at any cash-dispensing locations or automated gasoline pumps. AT&T Promotion Card is non

Greenberg, Albert

174

Required Information. Please print clearly using capital letters in blue or black ink. Subscriber First Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

service plan. Purchases from National Retailers, Wal-Mart, Best Buy, R-Solutions/SC Kiosk, RadioShack, Sam's Club, CompUSA, Car Toys, Sony Style and Costco retailer locations and websites; or LetsTalk.com (Let not be used for cash withdrawal at any cash-dispensing locations or automated gasoline pumps. AT&T Promotion

Fisher, Kathleen

175

Continental Shelf Research 26 (2006) 194205 Characterizing the deep insular shelf coral reef habitat of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Gardner et al., 2003). Pollution, sedimentation, hurricanes and coral disease are all contributors and acoustic sensing (Singh et al., 2004). The Seabed was tested over the insular shelf slope off southwestern

Eustice, Ryan

176

Coral fluorescence and symbiosis : photoacclimation, thermal shock, life history changes, and implications for reef monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation (UVR) decreases with depth, and the ocean absorbsradiation and blue wavelengths transmit well through oligotrophic oceanradiation in shallow tropical waters and its potential biological effects on coral reefs; Results from the central Indian Ocean and

Roth, Melissa Susan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the pH of ocean surface waters has decreased by about 0.1of CO 2 in cooler waters, reefs at the latitudinal marginsand ?shes Sea urchins, cold-water corals, coralline algae,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

F. J. Wild A. C. Jones A. W. Tudhope Investigation of luminescent banding in solid coral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPORT F. J. Wild á A. C. Jones á A. W. Tudhope Investigation of luminescent banding in solid coral-Verlag 2000 F. J. Wild á A. C. Jones (&) Department of Chemistry, The University of Edinburgh, King

179

Coral Isotope Record of Environmental Change in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variations in the density banding and chemical composition of the skeletal material of long-lived corals in the Gulf of Mexico preserve records of past environmental conditions. To better interpret these records, the controlling mechanisms governing...

Miner, Adrian

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

180

Coral facies and diagenesis of a Pleistocene patch reef, Ambergris Cay, Belize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/swash zone cementation, as well as abundant primary and secondary porosity and well-preserved skeletal mineralogy. Pleistocene submarine cements include acicular aragonite and magnesium-calcite peloids. Many corals were encrusted by dense, intercalated... microporosity that is partially filled by anhedral submicrocrystalline calcite. Some porosity is lined by isopachous, subhedral to euhedral microcrystalline calcite (possibly once submarine magnesium calcite). Rarely, coral sclerodermites are replaced...

Russell, Karen Lee

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Phytoplankton Responses to Mass Coral Spawning in the Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the building of reef skeletal structure. Coral framework can be broken down into sediments and make up an important fraction of the inorganic carbon pathway. Reef systems also provide ecosystem services such as sustaining commercial fisheries, protecting... beaches and coastlines from storm surges, and supporting nurseries and cultural services. Coral reefs are critically important for the ecosystem goods and services they provide to maritime tropical and subtropical nations. Reefs are in serious decline...

Horne, Courtney Leigh

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

Federal Aviation Administration's Airport Capital Improvement Program Development Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Airport Capital Improvement Program (ACIP) serves as the primary tool for project planning and formulation by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA relies on the ACIP to serve as the basis for the distribution of Aviation Trust...

Tener, Scott D.

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

183

Human capital, institutions, and incentives : micro and macro perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of four essays on human capital, institutions, and incentives. In the first essay, I investigate the effects of voucher-school competition on educational outcomes in Chile. I present a theoretical ...

Gallego, Francisco A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Women in engineering conference: capitalizing on today`s challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains the conference proceedings of the Women in Engineering Conference: Capitalizing on Today`s Challenges, held June 1-4, 1996 in Denver, Colorado. Topics included engineering and science education, career paths, workplace issues, and affirmative action.

Metz, S.S.; Martins, S.M. [eds.] [eds.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Foundation Capital response to the Notice of Inquiry: Technology...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Foundation Capital.txt From: Michael Bauer MBauer@FoundationCap.com Sent: Thursday, April 16, 2009 11:20 AM To: GC-62 Subject: Fed Register comments Dear Sir or Lady, Per...

186

Lasting social impact : Community Development Venture Capital investing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community Development Venture Capital Funds (CDVC) funds are an emerging group of Community Development Financial Institutions, that make equity investments in businesses in economically distressed areas. As equity investors, ...

Silberberg, Hattie Paige

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Fuel costs and the retirement of capital goods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the effect that energy prices and market conditions have on the retirement rates of capital goods using new micro data on aircraft lifetimes and fuel costs. The oil shocks of the 1970s made fuel intensive ...

Goolsbee, Austan Dean

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Small Business Venture Capital Tax Credit Program (Manitoba, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Small Business Venture Capital Tax Credit Program (SBVCTC) assists eligible small corporations to issue new equity to primarily new investors. The small corporation will be able to issue from ...

189

Tenant-in-common capital in value added transactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Billions of dollars of equity is flowing into the emerging tenant-in-common (TIC) market, forcing demand for such investments to outweigh the current supply of TIC offerings. Investors seeking deferral of capital gains are ...

Smith, Jared Steven

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The purpose of this Manual is to provide requirements and guidance to Department of Energy (DOE) employees, including National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) employees on the planning and acquisition of capital assets. Does not cancel other directives.

2003-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

program in order to reduce Federal employee's contribution to traffic congestion and air pollutionUNITED STATES AIR FORCE OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION BENEFIT PROGRAM): ____________ City (Residence): __________________________State: _______________ Zip Code: ________________ Air Force

192

Job Maintenance and Capital Development Fund (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Job Maintenance and Capital Development Fund provides annual grants to businesses which are located in Development Tier I counties. The Fund is intended to encourage the retention of...

193

Essays on the real and financial allocation of capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three papers studying how firms allocate real and financial capital, and how taxes, the labor market and asymmetric information affect these allocation decisions. The first paper studies the ...

Ramírez Verdugo, Arturo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Venture Capital Fund Performance and the IPO Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). For example, Cochrane, 2000, Quigley and Woodward, 2003 and Hwang, Quigley and Woodward, 2005, infer aggregate information about the performance of private equity investing using data on the returns to individual venture capital projects. Peng, 2001, Chen... , Baeirl and Kaplan, 2002, Woodward and Hall, 2004, and Hwang, Quigley and Woodward, 2005 use a repeat valuation model to construct an index of venture capital from which overall industry performance may be inferred. A problem with these studies...

McKenzie, Michael; Janeway, William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Charging Black Saturn?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct new charged static solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell field equations in five dimensions via a solution generation technique utilizing the symmetries of the reduced Lagrangian. By applying our method on the multi-Reissner-Nordstrom solution in four dimensions, we generate the multi-Reissner-Nordstrom solution in five dimensions. We focus on the five-dimensional solution describing a pair of charged black objects with general masses and electric charges. This solution includes the double Reissner-Nordstrom solution as well as the charged version of the five-dimensional static black Saturn. However, all the black Saturn configurations that we could find present either a conical singularity or a naked singularity. We also obtain a non-extremal configuration of charged black strings that reduces in the extremal limit to a Majumdar-Papapetrou like solution in five dimensions.

Brenda Chng; Robert Mann; Eugen Radu; Cristian Stelea

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

196

Charged Schrodinger black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct charged and rotating asymptotically Schrödinger black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity. We begin by obtaining a closed-form expression for the null Melvin twist of a broad class of type IIB backgrounds, ...

Adams, Allan

197

Stable isotopic records of bleaching and endolithic algae blooms in the skeleton of the boulder forming coral Montastraea faveolata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of bleaching and endolithic algae blooms in the skeleton ofa lesser extent, endolithic algae within the coral skeleton.Endolithic algae produce distinctive green bands in the

Hartmann, A. C.; Carilli, J. E.; Norris, R. D.; Charles, C. D.; Deheyn, D. D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Helical superconducting black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct novel static, asymptotically $AdS_5$ black hole solutions with Bianchi VII$_0$ symmetry that are holographically dual to superconducting phases in four spacetime dimensions with a helical p-wave order. We calculate the precise temperature dependence of the pitch of the helical order. At zero temperature the black holes have vanishing entropy and approach domain wall solutions that reveal homogenous, non-isotropic dual ground states with emergent scaling symmetry.

Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

On Black Hole Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two techniques for computing black hole entropy in generally covariant gravity theories including arbitrary higher derivative interactions are studied. The techniques are Wald's Noether charge approach introduced recently, and a field redefinition method developed in this paper. Wald's results are extended by establishing that his local geometric expression for the black hole entropy gives the same result when evaluated on an arbitrary cross-section of a Killing horizon (rather than just the bifurcation surface). Further, we show that his expression for the entropy is not affected by ambiguities which arise in the Noether construction. Using the Noether charge expression, the entropy is evaluated explicitly for black holes in a wide class of generally covariant theories. Further, it is shown that the Killing horizon and surface gravity of a stationary black hole metric are invariant under field redefinitions of the metric of the form $\\bar{g}_{ab}\\equiv g_{ab} + \\Delta_{ab}$, where $\\Delta_{ab}$ is a tensor field constructed out of stationary fields. Using this result, a technique is developed for evaluating the black hole entropy in a given theory in terms of that of another theory related by field redefinitions. Remarkably, it is established that certain perturbative, first order, results obtained with this method are in fact {\\it exact}. The possible significance of these results for the problem of finding the statistical origin of black hole entropy is discussed.}

Ted Jacobson; Gungwon Kang; Robert C. Myers

1994-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

200

Rapid Evolution of Coral Proteins Responsible for Interaction with the Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Background: Corals worldwide are in decline due to climate change effects (e.g., rising seawater temperatures), pollution, and exploitation. The ability of corals to cope with these stressors in the long run depends on the evolvability of the underlying genetic networks and proteins, which remain largely unknown. A genome-wide scan for positively selected genes between related coral species can help to narrow down the search space considerably. Methodology/Principal Findings: We screened a set of 2,604 putative orthologs from EST-based sequence datasets of the coral species Acropora millepora and Acropora palmata to determine the fraction and identity of proteins that may experience adaptive evolution. 7percent of the orthologs show elevated rates of evolution. Taxonomically-restricted (i.e. lineagespecific) genes show a positive selection signature more frequently than genes that are found across many animal phyla. The class of proteins that displayed elevated evolutionary rates was significantly enriched for proteins involved in immunity and defense, reproduction, and sensory perception. We also found elevated rates of evolution in several other functional groups such as management of membrane vesicles, transmembrane transport of ions and organic molecules, cell adhesion, and oxidative stress response. Proteins in these processes might be related to the endosymbiotic relationship corals maintain with dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium. Conclusion/Relevance: This study provides a birds-eye view of the processes potentially underlying coral adaptation, which will serve as a foundation for future work to elucidate the rates, patterns, and mechanisms of corals? evolutionary response to global climate change.

Voolstra, Christian R.; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Matz, Mikhail V.; Bayer, Till; Aranda, Manuel; Buschiazzo, Emmanuel; DeSalvo, Michael K.; Lindquist, Erika; Szmant, Alina M.; Coffroth, Mary Alice; Medina, Monica

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Observations and HighObservations and High--Resolution Modeling of SmallResolution Modeling of Small--Scale FlowScale Flow--TopographyTopography Interactions Near Caribbean Coral ReefsInteractions Near Caribbean Coral Reefs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Small--Scale FlowScale Flow--TopographyTopography Interactions Near Caribbean Coral ReefsInteractions Near Caribbean Coral Reefs Tal Ezer Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography, Old Dominion University wave-induced mixing and dispersion, providing a possible explanation why many species of Caribbean fish

Ezer,Tal

202

Modulation of Light-Enhancement to Symbiotic Algae by Light-Scattering in Corals and Evolutionary Trends in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation of Light-Enhancement to Symbiotic Algae by Light-Scattering in Corals and Evolutionary that the cost of enhancing light-amplification to the algae is revealed in decreased resilience) Modulation of Light-Enhancement to Symbiotic Algae by Light-Scattering in Corals and Evolutionary Trends

Ottino, Julio M.

203

Skeletal P/Ca tracks upwelling in Gulf of Panama coral: Evidence for a new seawater phosphate proxy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Skeletal P/Ca tracks upwelling in Gulf of Panama´ coral: Evidence for a new seawater phosphate results that reveal annual cycles of P/Ca in a 4-year record from the scleractinian coral Pavona gigantea (mean P/Ca = 118 mmol mol�1 ). The P/Ca cycles track variations in past seawater phosphate concentration

Grottoli, Andréa G.

204

Pleistocene hinterland evolution of the active Banda Arc: Surface uplift and neotectonic deformation recorded by coral terraces at Kisar, Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deformation recorded by coral terraces at Kisar, Indonesia AND Hinterland emergence of the active Banda arc-continent collision: Metamorphism, geochronology, and structure of the uplifted Kisar Atoll, Indonesia and related Banda Arc: surface uplift and neotectonic deformation recorded by coral terraces at Kisar, Indonesia

Seamons, Kent E.

205

Gasification of black liquor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for treating a concentrated aqueous black liquor carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt comprising: (a) providing a gasifier vessel maintained at a pressure of from about 1 to 50 atmospheres and containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom within a sump equipped with an overflow discharge; (b) introducing into the top of the drying zone the concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds; (c) evaporating water from the concentrated aqueous black liquor in the drying zone by direct contact of the aqueous black liquor with the hot gas rising from the gasification zone to produce dried black liquor solids; (d) introducing a first portion of an oxygen-containing gas into the gas space in the gasification zone located below the drying zone immediately above the molten salt pool to partially oxidize and gasify a fraction of the carbonaceous material in the dried black liquor solids falling through the zone to form a hot combustible gas; (e) introducing a second portion of the oxygen-containing gas beneath the surface of the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of essentially all carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool; (f) withdrawing the cooled combustible gas having a higher heating value of at least about 90 Btu/scf (dry basis) from an upper portion of the drying zone; and (g) withdrawing from the overflow discharge in the molten salt reduction zone a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide.

Kohl, A.L.

1987-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

206

Black holes at accelerators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 11 12 8v 3 6 A pr 2 00 6 Black Holes at Accelerators Bryan Webber Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK In theories with large extra dimensions and TeV-scale gravity, black holes... 2000 3000 Missing ET (GeV) Ar bi tra ry S ca le p p ? QCD SUSY 5 TeV BH (n=6) 5 TeV BH (n=2) (PT > 600 GeV) (SUGRA point 5) Figure 10: Missing transverse energy for various processes at the LHC. 4.2. Event Characteristics Turning from single...

Webber, Bryan R

207

Quick Estimate of IRR From Capital Estimate Ratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assumptions, as A useful factor can be calculated from the Net Present Values calculated above. The ratio of the Net Present Values gives the so call "Investment Equivalent of a unit of Savings," thus: $2332/$821 = $2.84 Capital/$l of Revenue...(Saving) If 15% (the assumption for discount rate, see Table I) is the minimum acceptable average earnings rate ("Hurdle rate") for a company, then the Investment Equivalent calculated above can be interpreted to mean: "The maximum among or Capital...

Larson, R. J.

208

Extremal black disks in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that in the high energy QCD a true black disk wave function necessarily contains many quarks. This corresponds to necessity of non-vacuum reggeon loops in formation of a black disk. The result comes from decomposition of the black disk S-matrix in characters on group manifold.

Alexey V. Popov

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

209

Black holes and black strings in plane waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the construction of black holes and black strings in vacuum plane wave spacetimes using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. We find solutions of the linearised equations of motion in the asymptotic region for a general source on a plane wave background. We observe that these solutions do not satisfy our previously defined conditions for being asymptotically plane wave. Hence, the space of asymptotically plane wave solutions is restricted. We consider the solution in the near region, treating the plane wave as a perturbation of a black object, and find that there is a regular black string solution but no regular black hole solution.

Julian Le Witt; Simon F. Ross

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

210

Gasification of black liquor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds is treated in a gasifier vessel containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt. The gasifier vessel, which is preferably pressurized, has a black liquor drying zone at its upper part, a black liquor solids gasification zone located below the drying zone, and a molten salt sulfur reduction zone which comprises the molten salt pool. A first portion of an oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the gas space in the gasification zone immediatley above the molten salt pool. The remainder of the oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool. The total amount of the oxygen-containing gas introduced both above the pool and into the pool constitutes between 25 and 55% of the amount required for complete combustion of the black liquor feed. A combustible gas is withdrawn from an upper portion of the drying zone, and a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide is withdrawn from the molten salt sulfur reduction zone.

Kohl, Arthur L. (Woodland Hills, CA)

1987-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

Gasification of black liquor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentrated aqueous black liquor containing carbonaceous material and alkali metal sulfur compounds is treated in a gasifier vessel containing a relatively shallow molten salt pool at its bottom to form a combustible gas and a sulfide-rich melt. The gasifier vessel, which is preferably pressurized, has a black liquor drying zone at its upper part, a black liquor solids gasification zone located below the drying zone, and a molten salt sulfur reduction zone which comprises the molten salt pool. A first portion of an oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the gas space in the gasification zone immediately above the molten salt pool. The remainder of the oxygen-containing gas is introduced into the molten salt pool in an amount sufficient to cause gasification of carbonaceous material entering the pool from the gasification zone but not sufficient to create oxidizing conditions in the pool. The total amount of the oxygen-containing gas introduced both above the pool and into the pool constitutes between 25 and 55% of the amount required for complete combustion of the black liquor feed. A combustible gas is withdrawn from an upper portion of the drying zone, and a melt in which the sulfur content is predominantly in the form of alkali metal sulfide is withdrawn from the molten salt sulfur reduction zone. 2 figs.

Kohl, A.L.

1987-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

212

Black Hole Thermodynamics Today  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief survey of the major themes and developments of black hole thermodynamics in the 1990's is given, followed by summaries of the talks on this subject at MG8 together with a bit of commentary, and closing with a look towards the future.

Ted Jacobson

1998-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

Combustion of black liquor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an improvement in the combustion of black liquor in an existing Tomlison recovery boiler unit in which black liquor is sprayed into a furnace in which it is successively dried, pyrolyzed and converted to a bed of solid carbonaceous residue, using a primary air stream and a secondary air stream and the residue is subsequently converted to a smelt. The improvement comprises: the addition of between an effective amount up to 5% oxygen by volume to the primary air stream directed at the bed of solid carbonaceous residue, the amount of oxygen added being sufficient to increase the adiabatic flame temperature, the combustion rate of the solid carbonaceous material, the rate of pyrolysis, the temperature in the lower portion of the furnace, the the drying rate of black liquor droplets, and to decrease the temperature of the gases entering the heat transfer surfaces in the upper portion of the furnace and the rate of deposit formation on the surfaces and wherein the amount of black liquor combusted is increased as compared with the amount combusted in the same furnace operated without the addition of oxygen to the primary air.

Mullen, W.T.

1989-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Quantum black hole inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we follow a new approach for particle creation by a localized strong gravitational field. The approach is based on a definition of the physical vacuum drawn from Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Using the fact that the gravitational field red-shifts the frequency modes of the vacuum, a condition on the minimum stregth of the gravitational field required to achieve real particle creation is derived. Application of this requirement on a Schwartzchid black hole resulted in deducing an upper limit on the region, outside the event horizon, where real particles can be created. Using this regional upper limit, and considering particle creation by black holes as a consequence of the Casimir effect, with the assumption that the created quanta are to be added to the initial energy, we deduce a natural power law for the development of the event horizon, and consequently a logarithmic law for the area spectrum of an inflating black hole. Application of the results on a cosmological model shows that if we start with a Planck-dimensional black hole, then through the process of particle creation we end up with a universe having the presently estimated critical density. Such a universe will be in a state of eternal inflation.

M. B. Altaie

2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Black brane steady states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Amado, Irene

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Measuring and managing intellectual capital in the U.S. aerospace industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Intellectual capital" has been heralded in business journals as an important component for successful business development in today's economy. Intellectual capital consists of knowledge-based assets -- including people, ...

Siegel, Lawrence R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Program management systems for the semiconductor processing capital equipment supply chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Capital Equipment Procurement group of Intel Corporation is responsible for developing and procuring the semiconductor processing capital equipment that is used throughout all of the company's development and manufacturing ...

Chandler, Thomas B. (Thomas Brian), 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The New York Business Development Corporation (NYBDC) Loans for Working Capital (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The New York Business Development Corporation (NYBDC) Loans for Working Capital provides working capital for long-term needs, repayable over three to seven years. The program works with partner...

219

Venture Capital and private equity in India : systems analysis and development framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Venture Capital (VC) has been an important driver of innovation, entrepreneurship and economic growth in the U.S. and around the world for the past few decades. The astounding success of Venture Capital prompted various ...

Surineni, Shravan Kumar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

FACILITIES ENGINEER WEST CHICAGO Execute capital projects for manufacturing facilities and utilities systems: scope development, cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

facilities and utilities systems: scope development, cost estimation, system design, equipment sizing ENGINEERING: Lead capital project design, development and execution for facility and utility capital Utilities systems (Vacuum, Hydraulics, Waste Water treatment, etc.) o Buildings and grounds, including

Heller, Barbara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

may 7, 2011 vol xlvi no 19 EPW Economic & Political Weekly12 The IMF, Capital Controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the global coordination of those controls. A fter more than a decade of advo- cating the liberalisation that the IMF has come to recognise the limits of capital account liberalisation and the merits of capital

Tufts University

222

Interaction model of private equity and venture capital developing factors in Chile and Latin America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private equity and venture capital (PE/VC) are efficient resource allocation systems that provide equity capital to selected entrepreneurs, industries or firms that contribute to advance the economic welfare of society. ...

Sevil Esteban, Ángel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

The effects of ferrochrome lignosulfonate on the respiration and excretion of the coral, Madracis mirabilis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF FERROCHR(ME LIGNOSULFONATE ON THE RESPIRATION AHD EZGHE'ZZGH DZ THE GGHAZ, HADHAGZE HZHAI!ZZZE A Thesis by NARY JOANNE MESTERHAUS Submitted to the Graduate CoIIsge of Texas A&H University in partial fulfi13ment... and Odum 1955; Kohn and Helfrich 1957; Gordon and Kelly 1962; Kinsey and Kinsey 1967). Laboratory studies on respiration and production of single species of coral have been done by Kanwisher and Wainwright (1967) using Florida reef corals and by Roffman...

Westerhaus, Mary Joanne

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Sediments and reef corals of Cayo Arenas, Campeche Bank, Yucatan, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEDIMENTS AND REEF CORALS OF CAYO ARENAS, CAMPECHE BANK) YUCATAN, MEXICO A Thesis By ROSWELL F. BUSBY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas AbM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... January 1965 Maj or Sub)cot: OCEANOGRAPHY SEDIMENTS AND REEF CORALS OF CAYO ARENAS, CAMPECHE BANK, YUCATAN, MEXICO A Thesis By ROSWELL F, BUSBY Approved as to style and content by: a o omm ttee Mem er Hea o pa t t em er January 1965 4...

Busby, Roswell Franklyn

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

University of Nebraska Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

originator and CPC provides general sizing, implications, cost estimate, etc. for project. Consistency of continuing? Yes No1 Project proposal with costs estimates provided to Chancellor and Senior AdministrativeUniversity of Nebraska ­ Lincoln Capital Project Planning Decision Flowchart 1. Program Concept 2

Farritor, Shane

226

Tax policies, vintage capital, and exit and entry of plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

caused by different types of shocks. The simulation method used here is linear approximation. My results show that in the steady-state economy, given a fixed level of gov- ernment expenditure and a zero property tax rate, the capital-income tax rate...

Chang, Shao-Jung

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

227

Brief description of Valuing Intellectual Capital, Multinationals and Taxhavens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods for measuring the value of intangible assets within their company Author is an emeritus professor at Stanford University and a leading consultant on IP valuation Valuing Intellectual Capital provides readers that illustrates how large corporations need to measure the worth of their intangible assets. Each method

Pratt, Vaughan

228

Watershed Management: An Evaluation of the Mullen Slough Capital Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Action Plan King County, Washington, USA by Fiona Murray McNair B.Sc. McGill University 1995 RESEARCH Capital Improvement Project Study and Action Plan, King County, Washington, USA Examining Committee:_______________________________ #12;iii Abstract A watershed management process, for a sub-basin in King County, WA is examined

229

2013 Snapshot of NGSI Human Capital Development and Future Roadmap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since its creation in 2008, the Human Capital Development (HCD) subprogram of NNSA s Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) has been striving to develop sustainable academic and technical programs that support the recruitment, education, training, and retention of the next generation of international safeguards professionals. This effort endeavors to develop additional human resources to equip a new cadre of safeguards and nonproliferation experts to meet the needs of both the United States and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for decades to come, specifically in response to data that indicates that 82% of the 2009 safeguards experts at U.S. Laboratories will have left the workforce within 15 years. This paper provides an update on the status of the program since its last presentation at the INMM Annual Meeting in 2010, including strengthened and integrated efforts in the areas of graduate and post-doctoral fellowships, young and mid-career professional support, additional short safeguards coursework, and expanded university engagement. In particular, the paper will cover the NGSI Human Capital Roadmap currently being developed in safeguards and nonproliferation education, training, and knowledge retention. The NGSI Human Capital Roadmap aims to provide additional data points and metrics on where the human capital demand lies, which disciplines and skill sets are needed in the field, and how NGSI HCD can best address these issues to meet future demand.

Scholz, Melissa A [ORNL] [ORNL; Poe, Sarah M [ORNL] [ORNL; Dewji, Shaheen A [ORNL] [ORNL; Finklea, Lauren R [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

South African SKA Project Human Capital Development Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D and MSc Project List 1. Radio Astronomy Science 1.1 Radio Astronomy Science - PhD topics Project Title Project Description Qualifications and Skills Required Link to MeerKAT and/ or SKA Science Supervisor (andSouth African SKA Project Human Capital Development Programme Call for applications for 2014 Ph

Jarrett, Thomas H.

231

Valuation of Capital Structure using Simulation Yevgeny Goncharov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] and Leland [L] we model securities in capital structure as derivatives on the asset value of the company bankruptcies that hurt many financial institutions( En- ron and MCI) and led to a search for better techniques different stature if the company goes bankrupt or liquidates. The division of Company property

Goncharov, Yevgeny

232

Genetic and Economic Interaction in the Formation of Human Capital.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic and Economic Interaction in the Formation of Human Capital. The Case of Obesity Pietro by changes in the incentives to invest. I take the model to the data using the Avon Longitudinal Study regulation of food intake, and shed light on the interdependence between genes and economic choices regarding

Mateo, Jill M.

233

The Value of New Jersey's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value of New Jersey's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital Robert Costanza Matthew Wilson services are are mainly provided by ecosystems. Examples of ecosystem services ("ecoservices") include of ecoservices in a variety of locations using a variety of valuation methods and applies them to New Jersey

234

Optics and Fluid Dynamics Department Intellectual Capital Accounts 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optics and Fluid Dynamics Department Intellectual Capital Accounts 1998 Resources, production and results RIS�-R-1108(EN) Risø National Laboratory Optics and Fluid Dynamics Department Building 128 P for optical information storage, · novel schemes for spatial cryptography, and · new models for surface

235

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

BLACK HOLE AURORA POWERED BY A ROTATING BLACK HOLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a model for high-energy emission sources generated by a standing magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) shock in a black hole magnetosphere. The black hole magnetosphere would be constructed around a black hole with an accretion disk, where a global magnetic field could be originated by currents in the accretion disk and its corona. Such a black hole magnetosphere may be considered as a model for the central engine of active galactic nuclei, some compact X-ray sources, and gamma-ray bursts. The energy sources of the emission from the magnetosphere are the gravitational and electromagnetic energies of magnetized accreting matters and the rotational energy of a rotating black hole. When the MHD shock generates in MHD accretion flows onto the black hole, the plasma's kinetic energy and the black hole's rotational energy can convert to radiative energy. In this Letter, we demonstrate the huge energy output at the shock front by showing negative energy postshock accreting MHD flows for a rapidly rotating black hole. This means that the extracted energy from the black hole can convert to the radiative energy at the MHD shock front. When an axisymmetric shock front is formed, we expect a ring-shaped region with very hot plasma near the black hole; this would look like an 'aurora'. The high-energy radiation generated from there would carry to us the information for the curved spacetime due to the strong gravity.

Takahashi, Masaaki [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aichi University of Education, Kariya, Aichi 448-8542 (Japan); Takahashi, Rohta, E-mail: takahasi@phyas.aichi-edu.ac.j [Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Does Corporate Social Responsibility Affect the Cost of Capital? * Sadok El Ghoul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital for a large sample of U.S. firms. Using several approaches to estimate firms' ex ante costDoes Corporate Social Responsibility Affect the Cost of Capital? * Sadok El Ghoul University the effect of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the cost of equity capital for a large sample of U

Saskatchewan, University of

238

CAMPUS PLANNING COMMITTEE PLANNING AND REVIEW PROCESS FOR MAJOR CAPITAL PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, efficient and cost effective manner; · Maximize the capital dollars available to UCSB from all sources with other campuses for scarce resources.); · Optimize the use of capital dollars; · Establish a clear; whose total cost is over $400,000. #12;B. 5-YEAR STATE-FUNDED MAJOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM

California at Santa Barbara, University of

239

Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources: a special functions case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007/9 Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources: a special functions case Agustin Pérez-Barahona #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/9 Capital accumulation and non-renewable energy resources the implications of assuming different technologies for physical capital accumulation and consumption. More

Nesterov, Yurii

240

The Role of Venture Capital in Building Technology Companies in the Ottawa Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of Venture Capital in Building Technology Companies in the Ottawa Region John Callahan in building technology companies in the Ottawa region. We find four distinct periods of venture capital are relatively distinct in terms of the investors present in the market, the companies seeking capital

Callahan, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Technology and Education: Putting it in context A summary of the final Capital Research Project report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology and Education: Putting it in context A summary of the final Capital Research Project-00593093,version1-13May2011 #12;1 Box 1: Capital Project Capital (Curriculum and Pedagogy in Technology media and research claims such as these about the educational value of new technologies. But often

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

242

Supermassive Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supermassive black holes have generally been recognized as the most destructive force in nature. But in recent years, they have undergone a dramatic shift in paradigm. These objects may have been critical to the formation of structure in the early universe, spawning bursts of star formation and nucleating proto-galactic condensations. Possibly half of all the radiation produced after the Big Bang may be attributed to them, whose number is now known to exceed 300 million. The most accessible among them is situated at the Center of Our Galaxy. In the following pages, we will examine the evidence that has brought us to this point, and we will understand why many expect to actually image the event horizon of the Galaxy's central black hole within this decade.

Fulvio Melia

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

243

Shape of black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that celestial bodies tend to be spherical due to gravity and that rotation produces deviations from this sphericity. We discuss what is known and expected about the shape of black holes' horizons from their formation to their final, stationary state. We present some recent results showing that black hole rotation indeed manifests in the widening of their central regions, limits their global shapes and enforces their whole geometry to be close to the extreme Kerr horizon geometry at almost maximal rotation speed. The results depend only on the horizon area and angular momentum. In particular they are entirely independent of the surrounding geometry of the spacetime and of the presence of matter satisfying the strong energy condition. We also discuss the the relation of this result with the Hoop conjecture.

Clement, María E Gabach

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Black Pine Circle Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Black Pine Circle Project  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle school in Berkeley had the opportunity to experience the Advanced Light Source (ALS) as "users" via a collaborative field trip and proposal project. The project culminated with a field trip to the ALS for all seventh graders, which included a visit to the ALS data visualization room, a diffraction demonstration, a beamline tour, and informative sessions about x-rays and tomography presented by ALS scientists.

Mytko, Christine

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Response of Developing Island Economies to Coral1 Bleaching Events2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and GDP as a whole, as well as the reef specific activities of tourism and fishing, and find evidence tems per unit area (Wilkinson, 2002) with tremendous local as well as regional economic21 importance% of their energy requirements and give coral the bright colors that draw27 tourists (Glynn, 1993; Hoegh

Bauer, Dana Marie

247

OVERLAP OF PREDICTED COLD-WATER CORAL HABITAT AND BOTTOM-CONTACT FISHERIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environmental Management Project No. 476 © Jessica L. Finney 2009 SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY Fall 2009 All rights of Resource Management Title of Thesis: Overlap of predicted cold-water coral habitat and bottom- contact School of Resource and Environmental Management Simon Fraser University

248

Shimrit Perkol-Finkel Yehuda Benayahu Community structure of stony and soft corals on vertical unplanned  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reefs Ã? Biodiversity Ã? Multivariate analysis Ã? Red Sea Introduction Coral reefs worldwide reef ecosystems, artificial reefs (AR) have become permanent additions to the area, sustaining well. The results suggest that AR may increase local heterogeneity and space availability by adding novel habitats

Benayahu, Yehuda

249

Major Cellular and Physiological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on a Reef Building Coral  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be facing a significant increase in local and global stressors [1,3]. Global warming and ocean acidification, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 5 Global Change Institute, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia Abstract As atmospheric levels of CO2 increase, reef-building corals are under greater

250

Cadmium measurements in coral skeleton using isotope dilutioninductively coupled plasmamass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of pollution in corals growing near industri- al/urban sites where Cd concentrations can be 10 times higher­mass spectrometry Kathryn A. Matthews Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, 240 skeleton to construct records of the frequency and intensity of oceanic upwelling. During upwelling

Mcdonough, William F.

251

Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will show delayed and mixed responses. climate change global warming carbon dioxide Great Barrier ReefOcean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders K. R. N. Anthony1 with warming. Here, we report on an 8-week study that compared bleaching, productivity, and calcification

252

ESTIMATING BIODIVERSITY OF DRY FORESTS AND CORAL REEFS WITH HYPERPECTRAL DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATING BIODIVERSITY OF DRY FORESTS AND CORAL REEFS WITH HYPERPECTRAL DATA: A NASA EPSCOR effective biodiversity assessment methodologies for a gradient of Neotropical habitats from coastal marine is to develop remote-sensing derived surrogates of biodiversity that are applicable across different ecosystems

Gilbes, Fernando

253

Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Algorithm Design Red-black Tree Jingjing Xia #12;Red-Black Tree A red-black tree is a binary search tree, and each node contains one extra field: its color, it can be either black or red of the binary search tree. If a binary search tree satisfies all the following red-black properties, it is a red

Chen, Yangjun

254

Black holes in massive gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the black hole solutions of the ghost-free massive gravity theory and its bimetric extension and outline the main results on the stability of these solutions against small perturbations. Massive (bi)-gravity accommodates exact black hole solutions, analogous to those of General Relativity. In addition to these solutions, hairy black holes -- solutions with no correspondent in General Relativity -- have been found numerically, whose existence is a natural consequence of the absence of the Birkhoff's theorem in these theories. The existence of extra propagating degrees of freedom, makes the stability properties of these black holes richer and more complex than those of General Relativity. In particular, the bi-Schwarzschild black hole exhibits an unstable spherically symmetric mode, while the bi-Kerr geometry is also generically unstable, both against the spherical mode and against superradiant instabilities. If astrophysical black holes are described by these solutions, the superradiant instability o...

Babichev, Eugeny

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Black Hole's 1/N Hair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

According to the standard view classically black holes carry no hair, whereas quantum hair is at best exponentially weak. We show that suppression of hair is an artifact of the semi-classical treatment and that in the quantum picture hair appears as an inverse mass-square effect. Such hair is predicted in the microscopic quantum description in which a black hole represents a self-sustained leaky Bose-condensate of N soft gravitons. In this picture the Hawking radiation is the quantum depletion of the condensate. Within this picture we show that quantum black hole physics is fully compatible with continuous global symmetries and that global hair appears with the strength B/N, where B is the global charge swallowed by the black hole. For large charge this hair has dramatic effect on black hole dynamics. Our findings can have interesting astrophysical consequences, such as existence of black holes with large detectable baryonic and leptonic numbers.

Gia Dvali; Cesar Gomez

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

256

Observational Evidence for Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Astronomers have discovered two populations of black holes: (i) stellar-mass black holes with masses in the range 5 to 30 solar masses, millions of which are present in each galaxy in the universe, and (ii) supermassive black holes with masses in the range 10^6 to 10^{10} solar masses, one each in the nucleus of every galaxy. There is strong circumstantial evidence that all these objects are true black holes with event horizons. The measured masses of supermassive black hole are strongly correlated with properties of their host galaxies, suggesting that these black holes, although extremely small in size, have a strong influence on the formation and evolution of entire galaxies. Spin parameters have recently been measured for a handful of black holes. Based on the data, there is an indication that the kinetic power of at least one class of relativistic jet ejected from accreting black holes may be correlated with black hole spin. If verified, it would suggest that these jets are powered by a generalized Penrose process mediated by magnetic fields.

Ramesh Narayan; Jeffrey E. McClintock

2014-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

LIFE Cost of Electricity, Capital and Operating Costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Successful commercialization of fusion energy requires economic viability as well as technical and scientific feasibility. To assess economic viability, we have conducted a pre-conceptual level evaluation of LIFE economics. Unit costs are estimated from a combination of bottom-up costs estimates, working with representative vendors, and scaled results from previous studies of fission and fusion plants. An integrated process model of a LIFE power plant was developed to integrate and optimize unit costs and calculate top level metrics such as cost of electricity and power plant capital cost. The scope of this activity was the entire power plant site. Separately, a development program to deliver the required specialized equipment has been assembled. Results show that LIFE power plant cost of electricity and plant capital cost compare favorably to estimates for new-build LWR's, coal and gas - particularly if indicative costs of carbon capture and sequestration are accounted for.

Anklam, T

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

258

Social capital and participatory slum upgrading in Bangkok, Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

t i o n …………………… … … … … … … . . 39 Figure 3.2: A summary of the commun i t y partici p a t i o n paradig m ………………. . 42 Figure 3.3: The hierarc h i c a l oper ation of social capital …………………………... 49 Figure 3.4: Indicat o r s of social capital... the Baan Mankong (“secure housing”) programme in Bangkok. The Baan Mankong progra m me uses commun i t y par tic i p a t i o n to meet the housin g needs of the urban poor, with finan c i a l assis t a nc e from the state . Sin ce starti n g in 2003...

Archer, Diane

2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

259

Some Observations on Energy Efficiency and Capital Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SO~ffi OBSERVATIONS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CAPITAL COST William F. Kenney Exxon Chemical Company Florham Park, ABSTRACT The usual expectation in the process indus tries is that improved energy efficiency requires increased investment..., ACS Symposium Series ~. (3) Exxon Chemical Internal Studies. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author is grateful to Exxon Chemical for permission to publish this study. Particular thanks go to A. P. Durso and W. J. O'Brien of the Central Engineering...

Kenney, W. F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Design approaches to achieve competitive LMFBR capital costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through analysis of the essential functional elements of an LMFBR, numerous ways were found to simplify system design, reduce the size of components and equipment, and eliminate some components and systems. The projected capital cost per net kW of this design is competitive with that of current PWRs. RandD programs and the construction and operation of CRBRP now are needed to prove out the features of this new design.

Arnold, W.H.; Ehrman, C.S.; Sharbaugh, J.E.; Young, W.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To provide the Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, with project management direction for the acquisition of capital assets with the goal of delivering projects on schedule, within budget, and fully capable of meeting mission performance, safeguards and security, and environmental, safety, and health standards. Cancels DOE O 413.3. Canceled by DOE O 413.3A Chg 1.

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

262

Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order provides project management direction for the acquisition of capital assets that are delivered on schedule, within budget, and capable of meeting mission performance and environmental safety and health standards. The page change incorporates requirements of DOE-STD-1189-2008, Integration of Safety into the Design Process, mandatory for Hazard Category 1, 2 and 3 nuclear facilities. Cancels DOE O 413.3. Canceled by DOE O 413.3B dated 11-29-10.

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

263

MissionPoint Capital Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbHMilo, Maine: EnergyMinnErgyTexas: EnergyMissionPoint Capital

264

Morgan Stanley Capital Grp Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 Climate ZoneMontrose,Stanley Capital Grp Inc Jump to: navigation,

265

India-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled -DIR]Capital

266

Process Integration: Designing for Energy, Capital and Operability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATED COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR PROCESS DESIGN METHODOLOGY Rajeev Gautam Union Carbide Corporation South Charleston, West Virginia A computer-aided system for synthesis, simulation and optimization of heat exchanger networks will be described... as expert users. It uses a micro-computer based environment to provide an integrated system with an interactive graphics process engineering interface. Process Integration: Designing for Energy, Capital and Operability Bodo Linnhoff University...

Linnhoff, B.

267

Why Blue-Collar Blacks Help Less  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Hispanics in the Why Blacks Help Less U.S. Economy, eds.71(1):42-71. Why Blacks Help Less Fernandez, Roberto M. andProblems 49 (1): 11- Why Blacks Help Less Heflin, Coleen M.

Smith, Sandra Susan; Young, Kara Alexis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Black-white asymmetry in visual perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tion of black and white in human vision. Investi- gativeneural responses to black and white ments are balanced, weand observers. The black– white asymmetry with a ¼ 1.28 is

Lu, Z.-L.; Sperling, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Why Blue-Collar Blacks Help Less  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exclude Black Men from Blue-Collar Jobs. Berkeley, CA:How Black and Latino Blue Collar Workers Make Decisionsof Sample Respondents Blue-Collar Latinos Blue-Collar Black

Smith, Sandra Susan; Young, Kara Alexis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

RHIC | Black Holes?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising Science for1 20115, 2001 MediaBrookhavenBlack Holes at

271

ARM - Black Forest News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |NovemberARMContactsARM Engineering6,GermanyBlack Forest News

272

RHIC | Black Holes?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, and 323 K.Office ofMayPVREPORTPortalPriceA/4Black

273

Black Stars and Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stars that are collapsing toward forming a black hole but are frozen near the Schwarzschild horizon are termed ``black stars''. Collisions of black stars, in contrast to black hole collisions, may be sources of gamma ray bursts, whose basic parameters are estimated quite simply and are found to be consistent with observed gamma ray bursts. Black star gamma ray bursts should be preceded by gravitational wave emission similar to that from the coalescence of black holes.

Tanmay Vachaspati

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

Species composition and population levels of scleractinean corals within the Diploria-Montastrea-Porites Zone of the East Flower Garden Bank, northwest Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intervals down the reef face. The number of chain links (each 1. 3 cm long) covering each coral colony was then recorded. Ott ( 1975) analyzed the community structure of a coral reef bank in Barbados, West Indies, using a photographic line transect... of percentage cover of sedentary organisms on coral reefs, their photographic transect technique is rapid and inexpensive, requi res a minimal time expenditure in the field, produces an exact record of the size, number of colonies and their spatial...

Viada, Stephen Tomas

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Optical black holes and solitons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We exhibit a static, cylindrically symmetric, exact solution to the Euler-Heisenberg field equations (EHFE) and prove that its effective geometry contains (optical) black holes. It is conjectured that there are also soliton solutions to the EHFE which contain black hole geometries.

Shawn Westmoreland

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

276

Entropy of Lovelock Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general formula for the entropy of stationary black holes in Lovelock gravity theories is obtained by integrating the first law of black hole mechanics, which is derived by Hamiltonian methods. The entropy is not simply one quarter of the surface area of the horizon, but also includes a sum of intrinsic curvature invariants integrated over a cross section of the horizon.

Ted Jacobson; Robert C. Myers

1993-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

277

Black Holes of Negative Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I demonstrate that, under certain circumstances, regions of negative energy density can undergo gravitational collapse into a black hole. The resultant exterior black hole spacetimes necessarily have negative mass and non-trivial topology. A full theory of quantum gravity, in which topology-changing processes take place, could give rise to such spacetimes.

R. B. Mann

1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

278

Planktivorous fish link coral reef and oceanic food webs : causes and consequences of landscape-scale patterns in fish behavior, diet and growth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Coral reefs support an abundance of organisms despite being surrounded by oceanic waters characterized by low nutrient levels. Over more than a century of research,… (more)

Hanson, Katharine Mary Winston

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Black optic display  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical display includes a plurality of stacked optical waveguides having first and second opposite ends collectively defining an image input face and an image screen, respectively, with the screen being oblique to the input face. Each of the waveguides includes a transparent core bound by a cladding layer having a lower index of refraction for effecting internal reflection of image light transmitted into the input face to project an image on the screen, with each of the cladding layers including a cladding cap integrally joined thereto at the waveguide second ends. Each of the cores is beveled at the waveguide second end so that the cladding cap is viewable through the transparent core. Each of the cladding caps is black for absorbing external ambient light incident upon the screen for improving contrast of the image projected internally on the screen.

Veligdan, James T. (Manorville, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Blast induced subsidence in the craters of nuclear tests over coral  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The craters from high-yield nuclear tests at the Pacific Proving Grounds are very broad and shallow in comparison with the bowl-shaped craters formed in continental rock at the Nevada Test Site and elsewhere. Attempts to account for the differences quantitatively have been generally unsatisfactory. We have for the first time successfully modeled the Koa Event, a representative coral-atoll test. On the basis of plausible assumptions about the geology and about the constitutive relations for coral, we have shown that the size and shape of the Koa crater can be accounted for by subsidence and liquefaction phenomena. If future studies confirm these assumptions, it will mean that some scaling formulas based on data from the Pacific will have to be revised to avoid overestimating weapons effects in continental geology. 9 refs., 5 figs.

Burton, D.E.; Swift, R.P.; Glenn, H.D.; Bryan, J.B.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Program and Project Management Policy for the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) program and project management policy for the planning, programming, budgeting, and acquisition of capital assets consistent with the following Office of Management and Budget (OMB) circulars: OMB Circular A-11, Part 3, Planning, Budgeting, and Acquisition of Capital Assets, and the supplement to Part 3, Capital Programming Guide; OMB Circular A-123; OMB Circular A-127; and OMB Circular A-130. Does not cancel other directives. Canceled by DOE N 251.99

2000-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Engineering tubular bone using mesenchymal stem cell sheets and coral particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • We developed a novel engineering strategy to solve the limitations of bone grafts. • We fabricated tubular constructs using cell sheets and coral particles. • The composite constructs showed high radiological density and compressive strength. • These characteristics were similar to those of native bone. -- Abstract: The development of bone tissue engineering has provided new solutions for bone defects. However, the cell-scaffold-based approaches currently in use have several limitations, including low cell seeding rates and poor bone formation capacity. In the present study, we developed a novel strategy to engineer bone grafts using mesenchymal stem cell sheets and coral particles. Rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were continuously cultured to form a cell sheet with osteogenic potential and coral particles were integrated into the sheet. The composite sheet was then wrapped around a cylindrical mandrel to fabricate a tubular construct. The resultant tubular construct was cultured in a spinner-flask bioreactor and subsequently implanted into a subcutaneous pocket in a nude mouse for assessment of its histological characteristics, radiological density and mechanical property. A similar construct assembled from a cell sheet alone acted as a control. In vitro observations demonstrated that the composite construct maintained its tubular shape, and exhibited higher radiological density, compressive strength and greater extracellular matrix deposition than did the control construct. In vivo experiments further revealed that new bone formed ectopically on the composite constructs, so that the 8-week explants of the composite sheets displayed radiological density similar to that of native bone. These results indicate that the strategy of using a combination of a cell sheet and coral particles has great potential for bone tissue engineering and repairing bone defects.

Geng, Wenxin [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China); Ma, Dongyang [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lanzhou General Hospital, Lanzhou Command of PLA, BinHe 333 South Road, Lanzhou 730052 (China)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Lanzhou General Hospital, Lanzhou Command of PLA, BinHe 333 South Road, Lanzhou 730052 (China); Yan, Xingrong; Liu, Liangqi; Cui, Jihong; Xie, Xin; Li, Hongmin [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China); Chen, Fulin, E-mail: chenfl@nwu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Northwest University, No.229 North Taibai Road, Xi’an 710069 (China)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

283

Comparing strategies: State funding of capital projects versus water conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?new water? is also just as permanent as a reservoir because the old, ine#16;cient plumbing is no longer available. Unless familiar with the billions of gallons of water produced by San Antonio?s or El Paso?s water conservation e orts, one might... of water produced and the time required to have the #30;rst water available would need to be included in any analysis. #31;e purpose of this discussion is not to dismiss the capital projects; it is to suggest that both types of projects must...

Finch, Dr. Calvin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

EM Capital Asset Project List | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1:Energy Independence & SecurityEM Capital Asset

285

EM Contractors for Capital Asset Projects | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005Department ofDOEDisabilityContractors for Capital Asset Projects EM

286

Updated Capital Cost Estimates for Utility Scale Electricity Generating Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II Field Emission SEM with EDAXUpdated Capital Cost Estimates

287

Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation InExplosion Monitoring: InnovationISCNEPA Policy andHuman Capital Officer

288

BlueWave Capital LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJumpSphere Corp JumpBlueWave Capital LLC

289

CO2e Capital Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis a city in ChittendenPartners LLC JumpCO2e Capital Limited

290

RockPort Capital Partners (California) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia BlueRiverwoods,Rock Sampling DetailsRockPort Capital Partners

291

FreshTracks Capital LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6Theoretical vsFlintFluxInputDamFreshTracks Capital LP Jump

292

Copy of Capitalized Property RO23_120213_1.xlsx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases on &gamma;-Al2O3. | EMSL Coordinatively- EnergyCapitalized

293

Cinergy Capital & Trading, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy InformationLake SouthChroma ATE IncCimarronCapital & Trading, Inc

294

Clean World Capital A S | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy Resources JumpSouth Dakota:CleanCleanVitaWorld Capital A

295

Energy and Environmental Capital LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It isInformation Contracts (ESPC) Webinar Jump to:S ADataTrustCapital

296

Valuing Rail Transit: Comparing Capital and Operating Costs to Consumer Benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D.C. , 1994; Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. Light rail transitD.C. , 2003; Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc. , Managing Capital

Guerra, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Appalachia's new region-wide CDFI : building local community with global capital?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Appalachian Regional Commission is currently working with a major foundation on the development of a new regional Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI), Appalachian Community Capital. By connecting ...

Spicer, Jason S. (Jason Simpson)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Native American Housing Stakeholder Meeting- Tribal Data: Building the Bridge to New Capital  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by the Housing Assistance Council, the Native American Housing Stakeholder Meeting will discuss effective strategies for tribally led data collection, ways to access and leverage new capital...

299

A capital cost comparison of commercial ground-source heat pump systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report provides a capital cost comparison of commercial ground source heat pump systems. The study includes groundwater systems, ground-coupled systems and hybrid systems.

Rafferty, K.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Financial liberalisation and the capital structure of firms listed on the Johannesburg stock exchange.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the impact of financial liberalisation on the capital structure of non-financial firms listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE). The research hypotheses… (more)

Chipeta, Chimwemwe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Coral Radiocarbon Records of Indian Ocean Water Mass Mixing and Wind-Induced Upwelling Along the Coast of Sumatra, Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) in the skeletal aragonite of annually banded corals track radiocarbon concentrations in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in surface seawater. As a result of nuclear weapons testing in the 1950s, oceanic uptake of excess {sup 14}C in the atmosphere has increased the contrast between surface and deep ocean {sup 14}C concentrations. We present accelerator mass spectrometric (AMS) measurements of radiocarbon isotope ({Delta}{sup 14}C) in Porites corals from the Mentawai Islands, Sumatra (0 S, 98 E) and Watamu, Kenya (3 S, 39 E) to document the temporal and spatial evolution of the {sup 14}C gradient in the tropical Indian Ocean. The rise in {Delta}{sup 14}C in the Sumatra coral, in response to the maximum in nuclear weapons testing, is delayed by 2-3 years relative to the rise in coral {Delta}{sup 14}C from the coast of Kenya. Kenya coral {Delta}{sup 14}C values rise quickly because surface waters are in prolonged contact with the atmosphere. In contrast, wind-induced upwelling and rapid mixing along the coast of Sumatra entrains {sup 14}C-depleted water from the subsurface, which dilutes the effect of the uptake of bomb-laden {sup 14}C by the surface-ocean. Bimonthly AMS {Delta}{sup 14}C measurements on the Mentawai coral reveal mainly interannual variability with minor seasonal variability. The interannual signal may be a response to changes in the Walker circulation, the development of easterly wind anomalies, shoaling of the eastern thermocline, and upwelling of {sup 14}C-depleted water along the coast of Sumatra. Singular spectrum analysis of the Sumatra coral {Delta}{sup 14}C record reveals a significant 3-year periodicity. The results lend support to the concept that ocean atmosphere interactions between the Pacific and Indian Oceans operate in concert with the El Ni{tilde n}o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Guilderson, T P; Grumet, N S; Abram, N J; Beck, J W; Dunbar, R B; Gagan, M K; Hantoro, W S; Suwargadi, B W

2004-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

302

Thermodynamics of regular black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate thermodynamics for a magnetically charged regular black hole (MCRBH), which comes from the action of general relativity and nonlinear electromagnetics, comparing with the Reissner-Norstr\\"om (RN) black hole in both four and two dimensions after dimensional reduction. We find that there is no thermodynamic difference between the regular and RN black holes for a fixed charge $Q$ in both dimensions. This means that the condition for either singularity or regularity at the origin of coordinate does not affect the thermodynamics of black hole. Furthermore, we describe the near-horizon AdS$_2$ thermodynamics of the MCRBH with the connection of the Jackiw-Teitelboim theory. We also identify the near-horizon entropy as the statistical entropy by using the AdS$_2$/CFT$_1$ correspondence.

Yun Soo Myung; Yong-Wan Kim; Young-Jai Park

2008-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

303

Black Hole Interior Mass Formula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue by explicit computations that, although the area product, horizon radii product, entropy product and \\emph {irreducible mass product} of the event horizon and Cauchy horizon are universal, the \\emph{surface gravity product}, \\emph{surface temperature product} and \\emph{Komar energy product} of the said horizons do not seem to be universal for Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole space-time. We show the black hole mass formula on the \\emph{Cauchy horizon} following the seminal work by Smarr\\cite{smarr} for the outer horizon. We also prescribed the \\emph{four} laws of black hole mechanics for the \\emph{inner horizon}. New definition of the extremal limit of a black hole is discussed.

Parthapratim Pradhan

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

304

THE CORALREEF SOFTWARE SUITE AS A TOOL FOR SYSTEM AND NETWORK ADMINISTRATORS 1 The CoralReef software suite as a tool for system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flexible enough for rapid in-house customization. Existing passive data collection tools are typically to real-time report gen- eration. CoralReef provides a convenient set of passive data tools for a diverse increasingly difficult and impor- tant. To this end we have created the CoralReef passive traffic monitoring

California at San Diego, University of

305

THE CORALREEF SOFTWARE SUITE AS A TOOL FOR SYSTEM AND NETWORK ADMINISTRATORS 1 The CoralReef software suite as a tool for system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exible enough for rapid in-house customization. Existing passive data collection tools are typically to ows analysis to real-time report gen- eration. CoralReef provides a convenient set of passive data networks has become increasingly diÃ?cult and impor- tant. To this end we have created the CoralReef passive

California at San Diego, University of

306

Lattice Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Hawking process on lattices falling into static black holes. The motivation is to understand how the outgoing modes and Hawking radiation can arise in a setting with a strict short distance cutoff in the free-fall frame. We employ two-dimensional free scalar field theory. For a falling lattice with a discrete time-translation symmetry we use analytical methods to establish that, for Killing frequency $\\omega$ and surface gravity $\\kappa$ satisfying $\\kappa\\ll\\omega^{1/3}\\ll 1$ in lattice units, the continuum Hawking spectrum is recovered. The low frequency outgoing modes arise from exotic ingoing modes with large proper wavevectors that "refract" off the horizon. In this model with time translation symmetry the proper lattice spacing goes to zero at spatial infinity. We also consider instead falling lattices whose proper lattice spacing is constant at infinity and therefore grows with time at any finite radius. This violation of time translation symmetry is visible only at wavelengths comparable to the lattice spacing, and it is responsible for transmuting ingoing high Killing frequency modes into low frequency outgoing modes.

Steven Corley; Ted Jacobson

1998-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

307

Fishing in Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The coordinate system $(\\bar{x},\\bar{t})$ defined by $r = 2m + K\\bar{x}- c K \\bar{t}$ and $t=\\bar{x}/cK - 1 /cK \\int_{r_a}^r (1- 2m/r + K^2)^{1/2} (1 - 2m/r)^{-1}dr$ allow us to write the Schwarzschild metric in the form: \\[ds^2=c^2 d\\bar{t}^2 + (W^2/K^2 - 2W/K) d\\bar{x}^2 + 2c (1 + W/K) d\\bar{x}d\\bar{t} - r^2 (d\\theta^2 + cos^2\\theta d\\phi^2)\\] with $W=(1 - 2m/r + K^2)^{1/2}$, in which the coefficients' pathologies are moved to $r_K = 2m/(1+K^2)$. This new coordinate system is used to study the entrance into a black hole of a rigid line (a line in which the shock waves propagate with velocity c).

A. Brotas

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z #12;Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison with its associated (2,4) tree

Alechina, Natasha

309

CAMPUS PLANNING COMMITTEE PLANNING AND REVIEW PROCESS FOR MAJOR CAPITAL PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a detailed cost estimate. F. PROJECT PLANNING GUIDE (PPG): This document is required for all State fundedCAMPUS PLANNING COMMITTEE PLANNING AND REVIEW PROCESS FOR MAJOR CAPITAL PROJECTS (Revised June 2011) ___________________________________________________________________________________________ I. INTRODUCTION An effective major capital planning and review process will: Encourage appropriate

California at Santa Barbara, University of

310

Capital improvements can contribute greatly to an airport's future success, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

description, cost estimate, federal programming sheets (available at www.mnaero.com), and start date. FederalCapital improvements can contribute greatly to an airport's future success, but they require a serious financial commit- ment by the airport owner. Planning ahead for capital improvements is critical

Minnesota, University of

311

Debt Capacity and Optimal Capital Structure for Privately-Financed Infrastructure Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

productivity, profitability, and private sector capital formation. He estimated, for example, that a 1 effective utilization of resources, when compared with the more flexible and cost conscious private sectorDebt Capacity and Optimal Capital Structure for Privately-Financed Infrastructure Projects

312

Political Studies Association 2012 Annual Conference Getting It, Spending It, Losing It: Exploring Political Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Political Studies Association 2012 Annual Conference Getting It, Spending It, Losing It: Exploring Political Capital Dr Mark Bennister Lecturer in Politics Canterbury Christ Church University Kent b.worthy@ucl.ac.uk PLEASE CONTACT THE AUTHORS FOR PERMISSION TO CITE Abstract Political capital

Saunders, Mark

313

Call for Partners: Increasing Affordable Farm Access: Putting Private Capital to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Private investment capital put towards farm acquisition has the potential to increase affordable access to farmland if land arrangements enable farmers to have long-term tenure security, a cushion of time to build mechanisms for leveraging private capital to acquire working farm real-estate on behalf of farmers have been

Hayden, Nancy J.

314

The survival of venture capital backed companies : an analysis of the French case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The survival of venture capital backed companies : an analysis of the French case Sophie Pommet whether venture capital adds value to innovative French companies in terms of increasing their survival time. To this end, we use a hand-collected data set based on a sample of 139 French companies that went

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

315

Heterogeneous capital stocks and the optimal timing for CO2 abatement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heterogeneous capital stocks and the optimal timing for CO2 abatement Mark Jaccard *, Nic Rivers a model and empirically estimated abatement costs. The results suggest that under many different assumptions, an early start at CO2 abatement for long-lived capital stocks would be economically optimal

316

Controlling a Stock Pollutant with Endogenous Abatement Capital and Asymmetric Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlling a Stock Pollutant with Endogenous Abatement Capital and Asymmetric Information Larry have asymmetric information about abatement costs, and all agents use Markov Per- fect decision rules to represent the problem of controlling greenhouse gasses. The endogeneity of abatement capital favors taxes

Karp, Larry S.

317

Financing U.S. Renewable Energy Projects Through Public Capital Vehicles: Qualitative and Quantitative Benefits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper explores the possibility of financing renewable energy projects through raising capital in the public markets. It gives an overview of the size, structure, and benefits of public capital markets, as well as showing how renewable energy projects might take advantage of this source of new funds to lower the cost of electricity.

Mendelsohn, M.; Feldman, D.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital established a positive relationship between measures of Facebook use and perceptions of social capital. Like other social network sites, Facebook is especially well-positioned to enhance users' bridging social

Michigan, University of

319

The Externalities of Strong Social Capital: Post-Tsunami Recovery in Southeast India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Externalities of Strong Social Capital: Post-Tsunami Recovery in Southeast India DANIEL P villages in Tamil Nadu, India following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, this paper demonstrates that high findings have important implications for academic studies of social capital and policy formation for future

320

WORKING PAPER N 2008 -51 Human capital investment and long-term poverty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORKING PAPER N° 2008 - 51 Human capital investment and long-term poverty reduction in rural Mexico SUPÉRIEURE halshs-00586227,version1-15Apr2011 #12;Human capital investment and long-term poverty reduction poor (World Bank, 2005). To address chronic poverty, the Mexican government has developed an overall

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

FY 2013 Major Capital Outlay Project Request and Five-Year Comprehensive Master Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the following specific areas: Transmission & Distribution (smart grids technology, cyber-security) GenerationFY 2013 Major Capital Outlay Project Request and Five-Year Comprehensive Master Plan September 2011 ____ No _X__ Is There a Five-Year Capital Outlay Plan Available? Yes _X__ No ____ Are Professionally

322

42 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA -CAPITAL FINANCIAL PLAN 2012-22 Coastal Biology Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

42 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA - CAPITAL FINANCIAL PLAN 2012-22 Coastal Biology Building University&Figures SANTA CRUZ Coastal Biology Building Site #12;43UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA - CAPITAL FINANCIAL PLAN 2012 C ­ multiple locations Coastal Biology Building - (Marine Science Campus) Infrastructure

California at Santa Cruz, University of

323

Kraft black liquor delivery systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improvement of spray nozzles for black liquor injection into kraft recovery furnaces is expected to result from obtaining a controlled, well-defined droplet size distribution. Work this year has centered on defining the capabilities of commercial black liquor nozzles currently in use. Considerations of the observed mechanism of droplet formation suggest a major revision is needed in the theory of how droplets form from these nozzles. High resolution, high sensitivity video has been shown to be superior to flash x-ray as a technique for measuring the droplet size distribution as well as the formation history. An environmentally sound spray facility capable of spraying black liquor at temperatures up to normal firing conditions is being constructed before data acquisition continues. Preliminary correlations have been developed between liquor properties, nozzle design, and droplet size. Three aspects of nozzle design have been investigated: droplet size distribution, fluid sheet thickness, and flow and pressure drop characteristics. The standard deviation about the median droplet size for black liquor is nearly the same as the for a wide variety of other fluids and nozzle types. Preliminary correlation for fluid sheet thickness on the plate of a splashplate nozzle show the strong similarities of black liquor to other fluids. The flow and pressure drop characteristic of black liquor nozzle, follow a simple two-term relationship similar to other flow devices. This means that in routine mill operation of black liquor nozzles only the fluid acceleration in the nozzle is important, viscous losses are quiet small. 21 refs., 53 figs., 10 tabs.

Adams, T.N.; Empie, H.L.; Obuskovic, N.; Spielbauer, T.M.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To provide Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), project management direction for the acquisition of capital assets that are delivered on schedule, within budget, and fully capable of meeting mission performance and environmental, safety and health standards. (Cancels DOE O 430.1A, paragraphs 6e(7); 7a(3); 7b(11); 7b(14); 7c(4), (6), (7), (11) and (16); 7d(4) and (8); 7e(3), (10), and (17); Attachment 1, Definitions (items 30 - Line Item Project; item 42 - Project, item 48 - Strategic System); and Attachment 2, Contractor Requirements Document (paragraph 1d regarding a project management system). Cancels DOE N 430.1 and DOE O 430.1A (in part). Canceled by DOE O 413.3 Chg 1.

2000-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

325

Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To provide Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), project management direction for the acquisition of capital assets that are delivered on schedule, within budget, and fully capable of meeting mission performance and environmental, safety and health standards. Cancels DOE O 430.1A, paragraphs 6e(7); 7a(3); 7b(11); 7b(14); 7c(4), (6), (7), (11) and (16); 7d(4) and (8); 7e(3), (10), and (17); Attachment 1, Definitions (items 30 - Line Item Project; item 42 - Project, item 48 - Strategic System; and Attachment 2, Contractor Requirements Document paragraph 1d regarding a project management system. Cancels DOE N 430.1 and DOE O 430.1A (in part). Canceled by DOE O 413.3A.

2000-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

326

Discrete Event Modeling of Algae Cultivation and Harvesting at Commercial Scale: Capital Costs, Operating Costs, and System Bottlenecks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discrete Event Modeling of Algae Cultivation and Harvesting at Commercial Scale: Capital Costs, Operating Costs, and System Bottlenecks

Lacey, Ph.D, P.E., Ronald E. [Texas A& M University

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

327

Genetic algorithm evolved agent-based equity trading using Technical Analysis and the Capital Asset Pricing Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic algorithm evolved agent-based equity trading using Technical Analysis and the Capital Asset data using technical analysis, the capital asset pricing model and a hybrid model of the two approaches. Results indicated that the technical analysis based approach performed better than the capital asset

Aickelin, Uwe

328

Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2065816 Ultimate Ownership Structure and Bank Regulatory Capital Adjustment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

their capital structure (debt/equity), firms in general and banks more specifically take control dilution costs into consideration, beyond the asymmetric information and transaction costs considered in prior research on capital and Bank Regulatory Capital Adjustment: Evidence from European Commercial Banks Laetitia Lepetita , Amine

Boyer, Edmond

329

The contribution of built, human, social and natural capital to quality of life in intentional and unintentional communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have a better balance between built, human, social, and natural capital than unintentional communities ICs, social capital is substituted for built capital thereby reducing the level of material throughput. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Quality of life survey Intentional communities Social

Vermont, University of

330

Energy on black hole spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the issue of defining energy for test particles on a background black hole spacetime. We revisit the different notions of energy as defined by different observers. The existence of a time-like isometry allows for the notion of a total conserved energy to be well defined, and subsequently the notion of a gravitational potential energy is also meaningful. We then consider the situation in which the test particle is adsorbed by the black hole, and analyze the energetics in detail. In particular, we show that the notion of horizon energy es defined by the isolated horizons formalism provides a satisfactory notion of energy compatible with the particle's conserved energy. As another example, we comment a recent proposal to define energy of the black hole as seen by an observer at rest. This account is intended to be pedagogical and is aimed at the level of and as a complement to the standard textbooks on the subject.

Alejandro Corichi

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

331

Call for Papers and Panels Unleashing the Black Erotic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Hypersexuality of Black Women Alternative Modes of Black Love and Family The Politics and Economics of Porn

Kunkle, Tom

332

Black Hills Energy- Solar Power Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy has a performance-based incentive (PBI) for photovoltaic (PV) systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In exchange for these incentives, Black Hills Energy earns the right...

333

Black Literary Suite: Kansas Authors Edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

authors were born or lived in the Sunflower State, and their work often reflects their time in Kansas. This Black Literary Suite exhibit highlights four important black writers—Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, Frank Marshall Davis, and Kevin Young...

Wiggins, Meredith Joan

2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

334

Black brane entropy and hydrodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent advances in holography have led to the formulation of fluid-gravity duality, a remarkable connection between the hydrodynamics of certain strongly coupled media and dynamics of higher dimensional black holes. This paper introduces a correspondence between phenomenologically defined entropy currents in relativistic hydrodynamics and 'generalized horizons' of near-equilibrium black objects in a dual gravitational description. A general formula is given, expressing the divergence of the entropy current in terms of geometric objects which appear naturally in the gravity dual geometry. The proposed definition is explicitly covariant with respect to boundary diffeomorphisms and reproduces known results when evaluated for the event horizon.

Booth, Ivan; Heller, Michal P.; Spalinski, Michal [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1C 5S7 (Canada); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1090 GL Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland) and Physics Department, University of Bialystok, 15-424 Bialystok (Poland)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Hawking Emission and Black Hole Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief review of Hawking radiation and black hole thermodynamics is given, based largely upon hep-th/0409024.

Don N. Page

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

336

On the nature of black hole entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I argue that black hole entropy counts only those states of a black hole that can influence the outside, and attempt (with only partial success) to defend this claim against various objections, all but one coming from string theory. Implications for the nature of the Bekenstein bound are discussed, and in particular the case for a holographic principle is challenged. Finally, a generalization of black hole thermodynamics to "partial event horizons" in general spacetimes without black holes is proposed.

Ted Jacobson

2000-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

337

Gasification of kraft black liquor and use of the products in combined cycle cogeneration. Final report, Phase II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Phase II study of kraft black liquor gasification and use of the product gases in combined cycle cogeneration based on combustion gas turbines was motivated by the very promising results of the Phase I feasibility study. The Phase I study indicated that the alternative technology to the Tomlinson recovery furnace had the potential of improving the energy efficiency and safety of combusting black liquor, reducing the capital and operating costs, increasing the electric power output, and providing an economical system for incremental kraft capacity additions. During Phase II, additional bench-scale experiments were run, pilot-scale experiments were conducted, equipment systems were investigated, and performance and economics were reanalyzed. All of the objectives of the Phase II project were met. Recommendations are summarized.

Kelleher, E.G.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

6, 34193463, 2006 Black carbon or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. Gelencs´er Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions Black carbon or brown carbon? The nature of light-absorbing carbonaceous;ACPD 6, 3419­3463, 2006 Black carbon or brown carbon M. O. Andreae and A. Gelencs´er Title Page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

White holes and eternal black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate isolated white holes surrounded by vacuum, which correspond to the time reversal of eternal black holes that do not evaporate. We show that isolated white holes produce quasi- thermal Hawking radiation. The time reversal of this radiation, incident on a black hole precursor, constitutes a special preparation that will cause the black hole to become eternal.

Stephen D. H. Hsu

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

340

Conservation Assessment for Bloodroot in the Black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Assessment for Bloodroot in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota and Wyoming Forest Service Rocky Mountain Region Black Hills National Forest Custer, South Dakota April 2003 #12;Species Assessment of Bloodroot in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota and Wyoming J. Hope

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Absorption cross section in Lifshitz black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the absorption cross section of a minimally coupled scalar in the Lifshitz black hole obtained from the new massive gravity. The absorption cross section reduces to the horizon area in the low energy and massless limit of s-wave mode propagation, indicating that the Lifshitz black hole also satisfies the universality of low energy absorption cross section for black holes.

Taeyoon Moon; Yun Soo Myung

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

342

15/07/12 5:47 AMA World Without Coral Reefs -NYTimes.com Page 1 of 3http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/14/opinion/a-world-without-coral-reefs.html?_r=2&hpw&pagewanted=print  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of biodiversity and fisheries supporting millions of the world's poor -- will cease to be. Overfishing, ocean of the world's coral reefs, the nurseries of tropical coastal fish stocks. They have become zombie ecosystems generation. There will be remnants here and there, but the global coral reef ecosystem -- with its storehouse

Botea, Adi

343

Donald Byrne (white) vs. Robert James "Bobby" Fischer (black) 1956 White Black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Donald Byrne (white) vs. Robert James "Bobby" Fischer (black) 1956 White Black 1. Nf3 Nf6 comments here are called "annotation" 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 black bishop sits on long diagonal 4. d4 0-0 white black threatens the queen 7. Qxc4 c6 8. e4 Nbd7 black's knight on b moves to d7 9. Rd1 Nb6 white's rook

Zirbel, Craig L.

344

Chronology of mercury enrichment factors in reef corals from western Venezuela Ruth Ramos a,*, Roberto Cipriani b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keywords: Reef corals Sclerochronology Metal pollution Enrichment factors Mercury Petrochemical industry industrialized regions and petrochemical plants are polluted with this metal (Hornberger et al., 1999; Garcia material released into the atmosphere by vol- canic emissions and natural fires. Because traces of heavy

Bermingham, Eldredge

345

Coral skeleton P/Ca proxy for seawater phosphate: Multi-colony calibration with a contemporaneous seawater phosphate record  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coral skeleton P/Ca proxy for seawater phosphate: Multi-colony calibration with a contemporaneous physics, and primary production in the past. Previous work showed that coralline P/Ca, a novel seawater calibration of the new proxy, were lacking. Here we present further development of the P/Ca proxy in Porites

Grottoli, Andréa G.

346

Journal of Indonesia Coral Reefs 1(3) (2012) 147-159 Printed ISSN : 2089-8231  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Indonesia Coral Reefs 1(3) (2012) 147-159 Printed ISSN : 2089-8231 *Corresponding Author, Australia 5 Department of Marine Science dan Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia 6 The Nature Conservatory, Indonesia Marine Program, Indonesia 7 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell

Harvell, Catherine Drew

347

Shifting base-lines, declining coral cover, and the erosion of reef resilience: comment on Sweatman et al. (2011)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

complacency or denial. Keywords Shifting base-lines Á Climate change Á Monitoring Á Coral cover In recent- mental degradation from overfishing, pollution, and cli- mate change, calls for action rather than changes on land following the arrival of Europeans and their livestock, and from land clearing

Bruno, John F.

348

Estimating biodiversity of dry forests and coral reefs with hyperspectral data: a NASA EPSCOR project at UPRM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating biodiversity of dry forests and coral reefs with hyperspectral data: a NASA EPSCOR and modelsensing and field data to assess and model components of ecosystem biodiversity · Utilize hyperspectral service in PR and PR department ofp Natural Resources #12;What is ecosystem biodiversity ?biodiversity ? D

Gilbes, Fernando

349

PII S0016-7037(99)00422-6 U-Th dating of deep-sea corals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDWARDS,1 and EDWARD A. BOYLE 3 1 Minnesota Isotope Laboratory, Department of Geology and Geophysics of the water column. Copyright © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd 1. INTRODUCTION Uranium series dates from surface and uranium series dates from surface corals constrain the history of atmospheric 14 C beyond the tree ring

Adkins, Jess F.

350

Dynamic cycles of strategy, marketing and sales : a framework for capital goods industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a framework to help managers facing growth challenges or commoditization problems in business to business, particularly with capital goods. The framework is based on the proposition that strategy, ...

Rezende de Azevedo, Tadeu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Essays using military-induced variation to study social interactions, human capital development, and labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of four empirical studies, each using military-induced variation to examine various aspects of human capital production and the U.S. labor market. The first two chapters study the effects of ...

Lyle, David S. (David Stephen), 1971-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Seeds of growth : the challenges of venture capital in the Australian landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Australian venture capital (VC) industry is young and relatively immature compared to the United States. Even though the first Australian VC firm appeared in 1970, the industry remained a niche with low levels of ...

Lu, Adrian C. (Adrian Chian)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dynamics of shared capitalism policies in a startup company by Joe C. Hsueh.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shared capitalism is a diverse set of compensation practices through which worker pay, or wealth, depends on the performance of the firm or work group; compensation practices include employee ownership, stock options, and ...

Hsueh, Joe C. (Joe Chiao-Jen)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Agency conflicts in financial contracting with applications to venture capital and CDO markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In these papers I examine efficient financial contracting when incentive problems play a significant role. In the first chapter (joint with Z. Fluck and S. Myers) we focus on the venture capital industry. We build a two-stage ...

Garrison, Kedran

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Relational Capital and Appropriate Incentives: A Recipe for Human Resource Sustainability?1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economic literature on incentives, experimental economics and research in cognitive psychology can provideRelational Capital and Appropriate Incentives: A Recipe for Human Resource Sustainability?1 Agnès Festré University of Picardie Jules Verne, France Faculty of Economics Agnes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Social capital's dark side: knowledge, reciprocity, and the liability of relationships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

follow that of the Academy of Management Journal. T 2 terms of connections within and across networks (Burt, 1992, 1997; Gulati, 1995a; Tsai & Ghoshal, 1998). These and other authors have presented a convincing argument that social capital can...

Collins, Jamie D.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

International Capital Flows and Financial Markets in Transition Economies: The Case of Croatia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of portfolio capital inflows to Croatia 1998- Table 4.Portfolio Investment in Croatia 1998-2003 ( in Mil US$) 1.reveals a surprising ratio in Croatia when compared to other

Sohinger, Jasminka; Horvatin, Darko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

International Capital Flows and Financial Markets in Transition Economies: The Case of Croatia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

instruments TOTAL Source: Croatian National Bank (2005) TheFrankfurt, J2 / J2-2 Croatian National Bank (2005),capital flows had on the Croatian banking industry as well

Sohinger, Jasminka; Horvatin, Darko

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Venture Capital Institutions and Venture Capitalists’ Investment Activities: An Empirical Study on China   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores institutions under which venture capital investment operates in China and whether and how these institutions affect venture capitalists’ (VCs) investment preferences, ex-ante project screening ...

Guo, Di

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Spreading The Word: Capital Market Consequences of Business Press Coverage of Management Earnings Guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study investigates the role of the business press in disseminating management earnings guidance news to capital market participants. Using a unique sample of over 55,000 articles that relate specifically to management guidance, I find that 48...

Twedt, Brady J

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Growth strategies : how software start-ups can leverage alliances, acquisitions, IPOs and venture capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The identification of the different factors impacting a software start-up company's decision to pursue an alliance, acquisition, IPO or venture capital to sustain growth is the main objective of this research study. First ...

Ybanez, Sergio D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Balancing capital and condition : an emerging approach to facility investment strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capital facilities - land and buildings - provide a long-standing environment in which public and private enterprise works, communicates, and thrives. Aligning how facilities "fit" with the dynamic demands of enterprise ...

Wooldridge, Stephen C. (Stephen Craig), 1967-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Structuring public REIT-sponsored private capital fund : the case of US industrial and retail REITs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The private capital business for public REITs was started by Kimco Realty, Developer Diversified, AMB and ProLogis during the years 1998-2000, at the time when the public equity was not easily available. Over the past ...

Lee, Cervantes (Cervantes Chih-Chieh), 1975-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Operations improvement in a semiconductor capital equipment manufacturing plant : component level and assembly level inventory management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semiconductor capital equipment is manufactured in a high-mix and low-volume environment at Varian Semiconductor Equipment business unit of Applied Materials. Due to the demand growth over the past years, Varian has been ...

Wu, Yiming, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Capital, labor, and energy cost prediction in timber harvesting: a microcomputer solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organization Capital. 17 17 Labor 22 Energy. III. CAPITAL COST CALCULATION. 22 25 Depreciation. Taxes, Insurance, and Interest. 25 30 IV. LABOR COST CALCULATION. 36 Nages and Salaries. Fringe Benefits. 36 38 Chapter Page V. ENERGY COST... Summary for Champion International Corporation's Harvesting Unit g2 60 15 List of Equipment in Champion's Harvesting Unit N2 61 Table page 16 Breakdown of Workers in Champion's Harvesting Unit 42 and Their Respective Salary or Wage. . 62 17 Monthly...

Kusmertz, Timothy Jon

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Black Hole Evaporation as a Nonequilibrium Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a black hole evaporates, there arises a net energy flow from the black hole into its outside environment due to the Hawking radiation and the energy accretion onto black hole. Exactly speaking, due to the net energy flow, the black hole evaporation is a nonequilibrium process. To study details of evaporation process, nonequilibrium effects of the net energy flow should be taken into account. In this article we simplify the situation so that the Hawking radiation consists of non-self-interacting massless matter fields and also the energy accretion onto the black hole consists of the same fields. Then we find that the nonequilibrium nature of black hole evaporation is described by a nonequilibrium state of that field, and we formulate nonequilibrium thermodynamics of non-self-interacting massless fields. By applying it to black hole evaporation, followings are shown: (1) Nonequilibrium effects of the energy flow tends to accelerate the black hole evaporation, and, consequently, a specific nonequilibrium phenomenon of semi-classical black hole evaporation is suggested. Furthermore a suggestion about the end state of quantum size black hole evaporation is proposed in the context of information loss paradox. (2) Negative heat capacity of black hole is the physical essence of the generalized second law of black hole thermodynamics, and self-entropy production inside the matter around black hole is not necessary to ensure the generalized second law. Furthermore a lower bound for total entropy at the end of black hole evaporation is given. A relation of the lower bound with the so-called covariant entropy bound conjecture is interesting but left as an open issue.

Hiromi Saida

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

BSW process of the slowly evaporating charged black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the BSW process of the slowly evaporating charged black hole. It can be found that the BSW process will also arise near black hole horizon when the evaporation of charged black hole is very slow. But now the background black hole does not have to be an extremal black hole, and it will be approximately an extremal black hole unless it is nearly a huge stationary black hole.

Liancheng Wang; Feng He; Xiangyun Fu

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

368

Origin of black string instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is argued that many nonextremal black branes exhibit a classical Gregory-Laflamme (GL) instability. Why does the universal instability exist? To find an answer to this question and explore other possible instabilities, we study stability of black strings for all possible types of gravitational perturbation. The perturbations are classified into tensor-, vector-, and scalar-types, according to their behavior on the spherical section of the background metric. The vector and scalar perturbations have exceptional multipole moments, and we have paid particular attention to them. It is shown that for each type of perturbations there is no normalizable negative (unstable) modes, apart from the exceptional mode known as s-wave perturbation which is exactly the GL mode. We discuss the origin of instability and comment on the implication for the correlated-stability conjecture.

Kudoh, Hideaki [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

370

Charged spinning black holes as particle accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has recently been pointed out that the spinning Kerr black hole with maximal spin could act as a particle collider with arbitrarily high center-of-mass energy. In this paper, we will extend the result to the charged spinning black hole, the Kerr-Newman black hole. The center-of-mass energy of collision for two uncharged particles falling freely from rest at infinity depends not only on the spin a but also on the charge Q of the black hole. We find that an unlimited center-of-mass energy can be approached with the conditions: (1) the collision takes place at the horizon of an extremal black hole; (2) one of the colliding particles has critical angular momentum; (3) the spin a of the extremal black hole satisfies (1/{radical}(3)){<=}(a/M){<=}1, where M is the mass of the Kerr-Newman black hole. The third condition implies that to obtain an arbitrarily high energy, the extremal Kerr-Newman black hole must have a large value of spin, which is a significant difference between the Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes. Furthermore, we also show that, for a near-extremal black hole, there always exists a finite upper bound for center-of-mass energy, which decreases with the increase of the charge Q.

Wei Shaowen; Liu Yuxiao; Guo Heng; Fu Chune [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dave Kaminsky Charles L. Black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edwin D. McKay Thomas L. McNeely Jean C. Persons Neysa P. Pickens Armant C. Touchy Jack S. Zoller 19511935 $50.00 Dave Kaminsky 1938 $200.00 Charles L. Black 1940 $50.00 Harold S. Miropol 1941 $67. Tennison Ben Thompson 1945 $250.00 Paul Finkelstein Harold J. Jacobs Lawrence Kahn 1946 $2,250.00 David W

372

Black Hole Thermodynamics and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show a strong parallel between the Hawking, Beckenstein black hole Thermodynamics and electromagnetism: When the gravitational coupling constant transform into the electromagnetic coupling constant, the Schwarzchild radius, the Beckenstein temperature, the Beckenstein decay time and the Planck mass transform to respectively the Compton wavelength, the Hagedorn temperature, the Compton time and a typical elementary particle mass. The reasons underlying this parallalism are then discussed in detail.

Burra G. Sidharth

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

ARM - Measurement - Black carbon concentration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Related InformationAcid RainTheimagegovMeasurementsBlack carbon

374

Red-Black Trees 11/26/2007 11:09 AM Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 11/26/2007 11:09 AM 1 Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison

Alechina, Natasha

375

Red-Black Trees 11/11/2004 10:02 AM Red-Black Trees 1 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red-Black Trees 11/11/2004 10:02 AM 1 Red-Black Trees 1© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia Red-Black Trees 6 3 8 4 v z Red-Black Trees 2© 2004 Goodrich, Tamassia From (2,4) to Red-Black Trees A red-black tree is a representation of a (2,4) tree by means of a binary tree whose nodes are colored red or black In comparison

Alechina, Natasha

376

Entanglement entropy of black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The entanglement entropy is a fundamental quantity which characterizes the correlations between sub-systems in a larger quantum-mechanical system. For two sub-systems separated by a surface the entanglement entropy is proportional to the area of the surface and depends on the UV cutoff which regulates the short-distance correlations. The geometrical nature of the entanglement entropy calculation is particularly intriguing when applied to black holes when the entangling surface is the black hole horizon. I review a variety of aspects of this calculation: the useful mathematical tools such as the geometry of spaces with conical singularities and the heat kernel method, the UV divergences in the entropy and their renormalization, the logarithmic terms in the entanglement entropy in 4 and 6 dimensions and their relation to the conformal anomalies. The focus in the review is on the systematic use of the conical singularity method. The relations to other known approaches such as 't Hooft's brick wall model and the Euclidean path integral in the optical metric are discussed in detail. The puzzling behavior of the entanglement entropy due to fields which non-minimally couple to gravity is emphasized. The holographic description of the entanglement entropy of the black hole horizon is illustrated on the two- and four-dimensional examples. Finally, I examine the possibility to interpret the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy entirely as the entanglement entropy.

Sergey N. Solodukhin

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

377

Quantum Geometry and Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an overall picture of the advances in the description of black hole physics from the perspective of loop quantum gravity. After an introduction that discusses the main conceptual issues we present some details about the classical and quantum geometry of isolated horizons and their quantum geometry and then use this scheme to give a natural definition of the entropy of black holes. The entropy computations can be neatly expressed in the form of combinatorial problems solvable with the help of methods based on number theory and the use of generating functions. The recovery of the Bekenstein-Hawking law and corrections to it is explained in some detail. After this, due attention is paid to the discussion of semiclassical issues. An important point in this respect is the proper interpretation of the horizon area as the energy that should appear in the statistical-mechanical treatment of the black hole model presented here. The chapter ends with a comparison between the microscopic and semiclassical app...

G., J Fernando Barbero

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Combustion properties of Kraft Black Liquors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a previous study of the phenomena involved in the combustion of black liquor droplets a numerical model was developed. The model required certain black liquor specific combustion information which was then not currently available, and additional data were needed for evaluating the model. The overall objectives of the project reported here was to provide experimental data on key aspects of black liquor combustion, to interpret the data, and to put it into a form which would be useful for computational models for recovery boilers. The specific topics to be investigated were the volatiles and char carbon yields from pyrolysis of single black liquor droplets; a criterion for the onset of devolatilization and the accompanying rapid swelling; and the surface temperature of black liquor droplets during pyrolysis, combustion, and gasification. Additional information on the swelling characteristics of black liquor droplets was also obtained as part of the experiments conducted.

Frederick, W.J. Jr.; Hupa, M. (Aabo Akademi, Turku (Finland))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Application to export electric energy OE Docket No. EA-212-C Coral Power,  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3--Logistical Challenges to SmartTransmissionCapitalMarketingLLC: Federal Register

380

Dirac Quasinormal modes of MSW black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the Dirac quasinormal modes of an uncharged 2 + 1 black hole proposed by Mandal et. al and referred to as MSW black hole in this work. The quasi- normal mode is studied using WKB approximation method. The study shows that the imaginary part of quasinormal frequencies increases indicating that the oscillations are damping and hence the black hole is stable against Dirac perturbations.

Sebastian, Saneesh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Dirac Quasinormal modes of MSW black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the Dirac quasinormal modes of an uncharged 2 + 1 black hole proposed by Mandal et. al and referred to as MSW black hole in this work. The quasi- normal mode is studied using WKB approximation method. The study shows that the imaginary part of quasinormal frequencies increases indicating that the oscillations are damping and hence the black hole is stable against Dirac perturbations.

Saneesh Sebastian; V. C. Kuriakose

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Black hole entropy: inside or out?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A trialogue. Ted, Don, and Carlo consider the nature of black hole entropy. Ted and Carlo support the idea that this entropy measures in some sense ``the number of black hole microstates that can communicate with the outside world.'' Don is critical of this approach, and discussion ensues, focusing on the question of whether the first law of black hole thermodynamics can be understood from a statistical mechanics point of view.

Ted Jacobson; Donald Marolf; Carlo Rovelli

2005-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

383

Spinning Black Holes as Particle Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has recently been pointed out that particles falling freely from rest at infinity outside a Kerr black hole can in principle collide with arbitrarily high center of mass energy in the limiting case of maximal black hole spin. Here we aim to elucidate the mechanism for this fascinating result, and to point out its practical limitations, which imply that ultra-energetic collisions cannot occur near black holes in nature.

Ted Jacobson; Thomas P. Sotiriou

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

384

Probing the Constituent Structure of Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the cross section for scattering processes between graviton emitters on the near side of a Schwarzschild surface and absorbers on its far side, that is black hole constituents. We show that these scatterings allow to directly extract structural observables such as the momentum distribution of black hole constituents. For this we employ a quantum bound state description originally developed in quantum chromodynamics and recently applied to general relativity that allows to consider black holes in a relativistic Hartree like framework.

Lukas Gruending; Stefan Hofmann; Sophia Müller; Tehseen Rug

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

Remarks on Renormalization of Black Hole Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We elaborate the renormalization process of entropy of a nonextremal and an extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole by using the Pauli-Villars regularization method, in which the regulator fields obey either the Bose-Einstein or Fermi-Dirac distribution depending on their spin-statistics. The black hole entropy involves only two renormalization constants. We also discuss the entropy and temperature of the extremal black hole.

Sang Pyo Kim; Sung Ku Kim; Kwang-Sup Soh; Jae Hyung Yee

1996-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Absorption cross section of RN black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of a charged scalar field in the RN black hole space time is studied using WKB approximation. In the present work it is assumed that matter waves can get reflected from the event horizon. Using this effect, the Hawking temperature and the absorption cross section for RN black hole placed in a charged scalar field are calculated. The absorption cross section $\\sigma _{abs}$ is found to be inversely proportional to square of the Hawking temperature of the black hole.

Sini R.; V. C. Kuriakose

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

Black holes with massive graviton hair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No-hair theorems exclude the existence of nontrivial scalar and massive vector hair outside four-dimensional, static, asymptotically flat black-hole spacetimes. We show, by explicitly building nonlinear solutions, that black holes can support massive graviton hair in theories of massive gravity. These hairy solutions are, most likely, the generic end state of the recently discovered monopole instability of Schwarzschild black holes in massive graviton theories.

Richard Brito; Vitor Cardoso; Paolo Pani

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

388

Red-black Trees To know what a red-black tree is (10.1).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

809 CHAPTER 10 Red-black Trees Objectives · To know what a red-black tree is (§10.1). · To convert a red-black tree to a 2-4 tree and vice versa (§10.2). · To design the RBTree class that extends the BinaryTree class (§10.3). · To insert an element in a red-black tree and resolve the double red problem

Liang, Y. Daniel

389

Destroying black holes with test bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If a black hole can accrete a body whose spin or charge would send the black hole parameters over the extremal limit, then a naked singularity would presumably form, in violation of the cosmic censorship conjecture. We review some previous results on testing cosmic censorship in this way using the test body approximation, focusing mostly on the case of neutral black holes. Under certain conditions a black hole can indeed be over-spun or over-charged in this approximation, hence radiative and self-force effects must be taken into account to further test cosmic censorship.

Ted Jacobson; Thomas P. Sotiriou

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Black Liquor Research Program symposium: proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper pulp industry's recovery boilers, black liquor is sprayed in through nozzle guns near the top of the furnace. This report includes eight papers. (DLC)

Emerson, D.B.; Whitworth, B.A.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Black Hills Power- Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Power provides rebates for its commercial customers who install energy efficient heat pumps, motors, variable frequency drives, lighting, and water heaters. Custom rebates for approved...

392

Black Hills Power- Residential Customer Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Power offers cash rebates to residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment in their homes. Incentives exist for water heaters, demand control units, air...

393

Lower Dimensional Black Holes: Inside and Out  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I survey the physics of black holes in two and three spacetime dimensions, with special attention given to an understanding of their exterior and interior properties.

R. B. Mann

1995-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

394

International House Collection / William Black (collector)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International House Collection / William Black (collector) Revised by Erwin Wodarczak (2010 (collector). ­ 1950-1953. 45 p. of textual records. Biographical Sketch Born in London, England, William

Handy, Todd C.

395

Black Holes: from Speculations to Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides a brief review of the history of our understanding and knowledge of black holes. Starting with early speculations on ``dark stars'' I discuss the Schwarzschild "black hole" solution to Einstein's field equations and the development of its interpretation from "physically meaningless" to describing the perhaps most exotic and yet "most perfect" macroscopic object in the universe. I describe different astrophysical black hole populations and discuss some of their observational evidence. Finally I close by speculating about future observations of black holes with the new generation of gravitational wave detectors.

Thomas W. Baumgarte

2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

396

Superconducting Hair on Charged Black String Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behaviour of Dirac fermions in the background of a charged black string penetrated by an Abelian Higgs vortex is elaborated. One finds the evidence that the system under consideration can support fermion fields acting like a superconducting cosmic string in the sence that a nontrivial Dirac fermion field can be carried by the system in question. The case of nonextremal and extremal black string vortex systems were considered. The influence of electric and Higgs charge, the winding number and the fermion mass on the fermion localization near the black string event horizon was studied. It turned out that the extreme charged black string expelled fermion fields more violently comparing to the nonextremal one.

Lukasz Nakonieczny; Marek Rogatko

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

397

A new spin on black hole hair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that scalar hair can be added to rotating, vacuum black holes of general relativity. These hairy black holes (HBHs) clarify a lingering question concerning gravitational solitons: if a black hole can be added at the centre of a boson star, as it typically can for other solitons. We argue that it can, but only if it is spinning. The existence of such HBHs is related to the Kerr superradiant instability triggered by a massive scalar field. This connection leads to the following conjecture: a (hairless) black hole which is afflicted by the superradiant instability of a given field must allow hairy generalizations with that field.

Herdeiro, Carlos A R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Black Swans, Dragons-Kings and Prediction Black Swan (Cygnus atratus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black Swans, Dragons-Kings and Prediction Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) www.er.ethz.ch Didier hurricanes normalized to 1995 dollars by inflation, personal property increases and coastal county population;12 2008 FINANCIAL CRISIS #12;Crises are not but "Dragon-kings" Dragon-king hypothesis #12;Black Swan story

399

National Society of Black EngineersNational Society of Black Engineers Columbia University Chapter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Society of Black EngineersNational Society of Black Engineers Columbia University Chapter #12;Columbia University Greetings NSBE Family and Friends! My name is Ken Yearwood, the 2008-2009 Columbia University NSBE (National Society of Black Engineers) Chapter President. On behalf of the Columbia

Hone, James

400

Cost of a Ride: The Effects of Densities on Fixed-Guideway Transit Ridership and Capital Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mile. Soaring capital investment costs are today’ s biggestof riders for the investment costs? If so, what minimumrelationship between investment costs and urban densities

Guerra, Erick; Cervero, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Assessment of capital requirements for alternative fuels infrastructure under the PNGV program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an assessment of the capital requirements of using six different fuels in the vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) that the Partnership for a new Generation of Vehicles is currently investigating. The six fuels include two petroleum-based fuels (reformulated gasoline and low-sulfur diesel) and four alternative fuels (methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, and hydrogen). This study develops estimates of cumulative capital needs for establishing fuels production and distribution infrastructure to accommodate 3X vehicle fuel needs. Two levels of fuel volume-70,000 barrels per day and 1.6 million barrels per day-were established for meeting 3X-vehicle fuel demand. As expected, infrastructure capital needs for the high fuel demand level are much higher than for the low fuel demand level. Between fuel production infrastructure and distribution infrastructure, capital needs for the former far exceed those for the latter. Among the four alternative fuels, hydrogen bears the largest capital needs for production and distribution infrastructure.

Stork, K.; Singh, M.; Wang, M.; Vyas, A.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation of the 16s rRNA gene from five western Atlantic populations of the coral M?o?n?t?a?s?t?r?a?e?a? a?n?n?u?l?a?r?i?s?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the reef" and further, that; ". . . outside recruitment of corals to the Hower Garden Reef from other sources is apparently minimal. " ! Other researchers have reached similar conclusions, namely that coral reefs are primarily self-seeded (Done 1982...

Holland, Brenden Stephen

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Deep Frames, White Men's Discourse, and Black Female Bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this qualitative study, I examine the persistent trend of black women as an excluded relationship partner for white men. Integral to understanding the exclusion of black women as relationship partners is the construction of black female bodies...

Slatton, Brittany C.

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

404

Causticizing for Black Liquor Gasifiers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost-benefit outlook of black liquor gasification (BLG) could be greatly improved if the smelt causticization step could be achieved in situ during the gasification step. Or, at a minimum, the increase in causticizing load associated with BLG could be mitigated. A number of chemistries have been proven successful during black liquor combustion. In this project, three in situ causticizing processes (titanate, manganate, and borate) were evaluated under conditions suitable for high temperature entrained flow BLG, and low temperature steam reforming of black liquor. The evaluation included both thermodynamic modeling and lab experimentation. Titanate and manganate were tested for complete direct causticizing (to thus eliminate the lime cycle), and borates were evaluated for partial causticizing (to mitigate the load increase associated with BLG). Criteria included high carbonate conversion, corresponding hydroxide recovery upon hydrolysis, non process element (NPE) removal, and economics. Of the six cases (three chemistries at two BLG conditions), only two were found to be industrially viable: titanates for complete causticizing during high temperature BLG, and borates for partial causticizing during high temperature BLG. These two cases were evaluated for integration into a gasification-based recovery island. The Larsen [28] BLG cost-benefit study was used as a reference case for economic forecasting (i.e. a 1500 tpd pulp mill using BLG and upgrading the lime cycle). By comparison, using the titanate direct causticizing process yielded a net present value (NPV) of $25M over the NPV of BLG with conventional lime cycle. Using the existing lime cycle plus borate autocausticizing for extra capacity yielded a NPV of $16M.

Scott Sinquefeld; James Cantrell; Xiaoyan Zeng; Alan Ball; Jeff Empie

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

405

Surface water processes in the Indonesian Throughflow as documented by a high-resolution coral (Delta)14C record  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To explore the seasonal to decadal variability in surface water masses that contribute to the Indonesian Throughflow we have generated a 115-year bi-monthly coral-based radiocarbon time-series from a coral in the Makassar Straits. In the pre-bomb (pre-1955) era from 1890 to 1954, the radiocarbon time series occasionally displays a small seasonal signal (10-15{per_thousand}). After 1954 the radiocarbon record increases rapidly, in response to the increased atmospheric {sup 14}C content caused by nuclear weapons testing. From 1957 to 1986 the record displays clear seasonal variability from 15 to 60{per_thousand} and the post-bomb peak (163 per mil) occurred in 1974. The seasonal cycle of radiocarbon can be attributed to variations of surface waters passing through South Makassar Strait. Southern Makassar is under the influence of the Northwest Monsoon, which is responsible for the high Austral summer radiocarbon (North Pacific waters) and the Southeast Monsoon that flushes back a mixture of low (South Pacific and upwelling altered) radiocarbon water from the Banda Sea. The coral record also shows a significant {sup 14}C peak in 1955 due to bomb {sup 14}C water advected into this region in the form of CaCO{sub 3} particles (this implies that the particles were advected intact and then become entrapped in the coral skeleton--is this what we really mean? Wouldn't even fine particles settle out over the inferred transit time from Bikini to MAK?) or water particles with dissolved labeled CO{sub 2} produced during fallout from the Castle tests in 1954.

Fallon, S J; Guilderson, T P

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

Trends in U.S. Venture Capital Investments Related to Energy: 1980 through the Third Quarter of 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents trends in U.S. venture capital investments over the period 1980 through the third quarter of calendar year 2010 (2010 Q1+Q2+Q3). Particular attention is given to U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector over the period 1980-2010 Q1+Q2+Q3 as well as in the more recently created cross-cutting category of CleanTech over the period 1995-2010 Q1+Q2+Q3. During the early 1980s, U.S. venture capital investments in the energy/industrial sector accounted for more than 20% of all venture capital investments. However subsequent periods of low energy prices, the deregulation of large aspects of the energy industry, and the emergence of fast growing new industries like computers (both hardware and software), biotechnology and the Internet quickly reduced the priority accorded to energy/industrial investments. To wit, venture capital investments related to the energy/industrial sector accounted for only 1% of the $132 billion (in real 2010 US$) invested in 2000 by the U.S. venture capital community. The significant increase in the real price of oil that began in 2003-2004 correlates with renewed interest and increased investment by the venture capital community in energy/industrial investment opportunities. Venture capital investments for 2009 for the energy/industrial sector accounted for $2.4 billion or slightly more than 13% of all venture capital invested that year. The total venture capital invested in energy/industrial during the first three quarters of 2010 is close to $2.4 billion accounting for slightly less than 15% of all venture capital investments during the first three quarters of 2010. In 2009, the aggregate amount invested in CleanTech was $2.1 billion (11% of the total US venture capital invested in that lean year) and for the first three quarters of 2010 US venture capital investments in CleanTech have already exceeded $2.8 billion (18% of all US venture capital investments made during the first three quarters of 2010). Between 2004 and 2009, U.S. venture capital investments in energy/industrial as well as CleanTech have more than quadrupled in real terms.

Dooley, James J.

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

407

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc. Meet/Match Procurement...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc. MeetMatch Procurement Forum Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc. MeetMatch Procurement Forum Presented by Congresswoman Sheila...

408

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities How WHI-HBCU are ran White House...

409

Austin E. Quigley Black Box Theater Proposal Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1- Austin E. Quigley Black Box Theater Proposal Form Sponsoring Organization indicate that you have read the Austin E. Quigley Black Box Theatre Policy and Procedure Guidelines

Hone, James

410

Energy conservation for dynamical black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An energy conservation law is described, expressing the increase in mass-energy of a general black hole in terms of the energy densities of the infalling matter and gravitational radiation. For a growing black hole, this first law of black-hole dynamics is equivalent to an equation of Ashtekar & Krishnan, but the new integral and differential forms are regular in the limit where the black hole ceases to grow. An effective gravitational-radiation energy tensor is obtained, providing measures of both ingoing and outgoing, transverse and longitudinal gravitational radiation on and near a black hole. Corresponding energy-tensor forms of the first law involve a preferred time vector which plays the role for dynamical black holes which the stationary Killing vector plays for stationary black holes. Identifying an energy flux, vanishing if and only if the horizon is null, allows a division into energy-supply and work terms, as in the first law of thermodynamics. The energy supply can be expressed in terms of area increase and a newly defined surface gravity, yielding a Gibbs-like equation, with a similar form to the so-called first law for stationary black holes.

Sean A. Hayward

2004-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

411

Quantum Entropy of Charged Rotating Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss a method for obtaining the one-loop quantum corrections to the tree-level entropy for a charged Kerr black hole. Divergences which appear can be removed by renormalization of couplings in the tree-level gravitational action in a manner similar to that for a static black hole.

R. B. Mann

1996-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

Black holes cannot support conformal scalar hair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the only static asymptotically flat non-extrema black hole solution of the Einstein-conformally invariant scalar field equations having the scalar field bounded on the horizon, is the Schwarzschild one. Thus black holes cannot be endowed with conformal scalar hair of finite length.

T. Zannias

1994-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Kansas Black Bass Tournament Monitoring Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kansas Black Bass (Micropterus spp.) Tournament Monitoring Program was begun by the Kansas Fish and Game program of the Kansas Fish and Game Commission avoids both of these prob- lems. The Kansas Black Bass annually to each of the bass clubs in Kansas before the bulk of fishing begins, and clubs are asked

414

Topological Black Holes in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the black hole solutions with horizons of non-trivial topology and investigate their properties in the framework of an approach to quantum gravity being an extension of Bohm's formulation of quantum mechanics. The solutions we found tend asymptotically (for large $r$) to topological black holes. We also analyze the thermodynamics of these space-times.

J. Kowalski-Glikman; D. Nowak-Szczepaniak

2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Cooking with Black-Eyed Peas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the most protein from the peas, serve them with grain foods such as corn, rice or wheat. A serving size is ? cup. Uses Use black-eyed peas as a tasty side dish or include it in casseroles, soups, and salads. Black-eyed peas are often packaged in 1- or 2...

Anding, Jenna

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

416

Distortion of Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes to black strings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the existence of black holes with various topologies in four-dimensional spacetimes with a negative cosmological constant, we study axisymmetric static solutions describing any large distortions of Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black holes parametrized by the mass $m$. Under the approximation such that $m$ is much larger than the anti-de Sitter radius, it is found that a cylindrically symmetric black string is obtained as a special limit of distorted spherical black holes. Such a prolonged distortion of the event horizon connecting a Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter black hole to a black string is allowed without violating both the usual black hole thermodynamics and the hoop conjecture for the horizon circumference.

A. Tomimatsu

2005-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

417

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

418

Black hole and holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the connection between black hole and holographic dark energy. We examine the issue of the equation of state (EOS) for holographic energy density as a candidate for the dark energy carefully. This is closely related to the EOS for black hole, because the holographic dark energy comes from the black hole energy density. In order to derive the EOS of a black hole, we may use its dual (quantum) systems. Finally, a regular black hole without the singularity is introduced to describe an accelerating universe inside the cosmological horizon. Inspired by this, we show that the holographic energy density with the cosmological horizon as the IR cutoff leads to the dark energy-dominated universe with $\\omega_{\\rm \\Lambda}=-1$.

Yun Soo Myung

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

419

Black Hole Thermodynamics Based on Unitary Evolutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we try to construct black hole thermodynamics based on the fact that, the formation and evaporation of a black hole can be described by quantum unitary evolutions. First, we show that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy $S_{BH}$ cannot be a Boltzmann or thermal entropy. To confirm this statement, we show that the original black hole's "first law" cannot be treated as the first law of thermodynamics formally, due to some missing metric perturbations caused by matter. Then, by including those (quantum) metric perturbations, we show that the black hole formation and evaporation can be described in a unitary manner effectively, through a quantum channel between the exterior and interior of the event horizon. In this way, the paradoxes of information loss and firewall can be resolved effectively. Finally, we show that black hole thermodynamics can be constructed in an ordinary way, by constructing statistical mechanics.

Feng, Yu-Lei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

An electromagnetic black hole made of metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditionally, a black hole is a region of space with huge gravitational field in the means of general relativity, which absorbs everything hitting it including the light. In general relativity, the presence of matter-energy densities results in the motion of matter propagating in a curved spacetime1, which is similar to the electromagnetic-wave propagation in a curved space and in an inhomogeneous metamaterial2. Hence one can simulate the black hole using electromagnetic fields and metamaterials. In a recent theoretical work, an optical black hole has been proposed based on metamaterials, in which the numerical simulations showed a highly efficient light absorption3. Here we report the first experimental demonstration of electromagnetic black hole in the microwave frequencies. The proposed black hole is composed of non-resonant and resonant metamaterial structures, which can absorb electromagnetic waves efficiently coming from all directions due to the local control of electromagnetic fields. Hence the elect...

Cheng, Qiang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Black holes in Asymptotically Safe Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black holes are among the most fascinating objects populating our universe. Their characteristic features, encompassing spacetime singularities, event horizons, and black hole thermodynamics, provide a rich testing ground for quantum gravity ideas. In this note we observe that the renormalization group improved Schwarzschild black holes constructed by Bonanno and Reuter within Weinberg's asymptotic safety program constitute a prototypical example of a Hayward geometry used to model non-singular black holes within quantum gravity phenomenology. Moreover, they share many features of a Planck star: their effective geometry naturally incorporates the one-loop corrections found in the effective field theory framework, their Kretschmann scalar is bounded, and the black hole singularity is replaced by a regular de Sitter patch. The role of the cosmological constant in the renormalization group improvement process is briefly discussed.

Saueressig, Frank; D'Odorico, Giulio; Vidotto, Francesca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Black Hole Superradiance in Dynamical Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the superradiant scattering of gravitational waves by a nearly extremal black hole (dimensionless spin $a=0.99$) by numerically solving the full Einstein field equations, thus including backreaction effects. This allows us to study the dynamics of the black hole as it loses energy and angular momentum during the scattering process. To explore the nonlinear phase of the interaction, we consider gravitational wave packets with initial energies up to $10%$ of the mass of the black hole. We find that as the incident wave energy increases, the amplification of the scattered waves, as well as the energy extraction efficiency from the black hole, is reduced. During the interaction the apparent horizon geometry undergoes sizable nonaxisymmetric oscillations. The largest amplitude excitations occur when the peak frequency of the incident wave packet is above where superradiance occurs, but close to the dominant quasinormal mode frequency of the black hole.

William E. East; Fethi M. Ramazano?lu; Frans Pretorius

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

423

EA-260-C EPCOR Merchant and Capital (US) Inc | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct,Final9: DraftPlant, Amarillo, Texas |2:12-C Coral57-D

424

Asset sharing and stakeholder arrangements : human capital investments, the distribution of powers, and the role of property rights and economic institutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theories of human capital investment, which emphasize encouraging and protecting investments in human capital, have become salient in rationalizing the adoption of firm asset-sharing and employee stakeholder arrangements, ...

Hughes, J. Jerome (Jermaine Jerome)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

*Excludes capital investment for P&R facility EFFECTS OF MAP-21 ON SEAMLESS TRANSIT FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*Excludes capital investment for P&R facility EFFECTS OF MAP-21 ON SEAMLESS TRANSIT FROM FORT BEND is not available for residents making the commute from FBC to Downtown Houston. · Researchers estimate latent demand for 1,700+ P&R one-way passenger trips per day. SEAMLESS TRANSIT COST · Federal funds may

426

CaPS Application Form -2012 CAPITAL PROJECTS AND SPACE ALLOCATION COMMITTEE (CAPS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No B TOTAL PROJECT COST ESTIMATE / OPERATING COSTS TOTAL PROJECT COST (TPC) $ Project Number: Requested project tendered at a cost exceeding the above pre-design estimate will not proceed unless the partyCaPS Application Form - 2012 CAPITAL PROJECTS AND SPACE ALLOCATION COMMITTEE (CAPS) APPLICATION

Toronto, University of

427

A review of "Florence Ducal Capital, 1530-1630" by R. Burr Litchfield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reviews 1 R. Burr Litchfield. Florence Ducal Capital, 1530-1630. ACLS Humanities E-Book, 2008. Review by judith c. brown, wesleyan university. This is an important book. It is the culmination of years of work by one of the leading historians...

Judith, Brown

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Consumption, Social Capital, and the 'Industrious Revolution' in Early Modern Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Social Capital, and the “Industrious Revolution” in Early Modern Germany SHEILAGH OGILVIE Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge Acknowledgements: I am grateful to Marco Belfanti, André... ; labour; discrimination; gender; Germany 1 Expanding market consumption is widely ascribed a key role in European economic growth before industrialization. A “Consumer Revolution” between 1650 and 1800 is thought to have seen the middle classes...

Ogilvie, Sheilagh

429

The problem of non-renewable energy resources in the production of physical capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007/8 The problem of non-renewable energy resources in the production of physical capital Agustin Pérez-Barahona #12;CORE DISCUSSION PAPER 2007/8 The problem of non-renewable energy resources-run growth, although energy is produced by means of non-renewable energy resources. The mechanism behind

Nesterov, Yurii

430

INICIO POLTICA ECONOMA MUNDO ESTADOS CAPITAL SOCIEDAD Y JUSTICIA CIENCIAS CULTURA ESPECTCULOS DEPORTES Noticias del da  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INICIO POLÍTICA ECONOMÍA MUNDO ESTADOS CAPITAL SOCIEDAD Y JUSTICIA CIENCIAS CULTURA ESPECTÁCULOS DEPORTES Noticias del día No hay noticias publicadas. Ciencias No hay noticias publicadas. BUSCAR Buscar en, del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología de la UNAM La Jornada en línea Publicado: 24/01/2012 12

Islas, León

431

Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

History MeMory trutH Cultural Capital in Spain'S MeMory WarS Dr. SebaStiaan Faberoberlin College Since the late 1990s, Spain has seen a series of public disputes over the historical memory tell it--and the relationship that today's Spain should have with that past. In the past fifteen years

Andrews, Peter B.

432

Should marginal abatement costs differ across sectors? The effect of low-carbon capital accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Should marginal abatement costs differ across sectors? The effect of low-carbon capital abatement costs, measured as the ratio of investment costs to discounted abatement. The equimarginal to abate. Two apparently opposite views are reconciled. On the one hand, higher efforts are justified

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

Deforestation and Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon: External Capital and Household Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deforestation and Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon: External Capital and Household Processes decomposes recent deforestation in four study areas in the Brazilian Amazon into components associated deforestation with respect to the proximate causes of their farming systems, and the household drivers

Walker, Robert T.

434

GREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the standard in sustainable building design, construction, and operations. Scale of LEED Development Through indicate that a new era of green building is emerging as green building standards shape state and localGREEN BUILDING TRENDS How Green Building Impacted the National Capital Region Between 2003 and 2009

435

The adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

where reproductive values are used to optimise energy allocation and diapause strategies over the yearThe adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments Ã?ystein Varpe breeding was also used to increase egg production rates at times of income breeding. For individuals born

Heino, Mikko

436

Resource adequacy, capital adequacy and investment uncertainty in the Australian power market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ignoring the importance of capital markets risks overlooking one of the most fundamental drivers of investment and price in the utilities industry. While the worst effects of the financial crisis are beginning to subside, the residual fallout will be more than a passing fad for energy utilities. (author)

Simshauser, Paul

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Significant Project Flow Chart (for Board Approved Capital Construction Projects 2 million and above)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the project. Construction documents include final detailed drawings, specifications, material lists and all the project will be constructed, schedules work with his subcontractors, and orders materials. BuildingSignificant Project Flow Chart (for Board Approved Capital Construction Projects 2 million

438

EDUCATION: Energy capital's colleges tailor new programs to oil and gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

find is that any course we offer in the energy arena gets an enormous number of students wanting EDUCATION: Energy capital's colleges tailor new programs to oil and gas industry (Wednesday University laboratory here allows computer talent to test how their models and complex formulas may work

Alvarez, Pedro J.

439

ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Programs of Study The graduate program in Ecology & Environmental Science capitalizes on University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Programs of Study The graduate program in Ecology & Environmental Science capitalizes on University strengths in ecology, environmental science, and environmental policy. The primary mission of the Graduate Program in Ecology & Environmental Science is to offer a graduate program

Thomas, Andrew

440

Poverty Trap with Convex Production Function: The role of Public and Private Capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poverty Trap with Convex Production Function: The role of Public and Private Capital Kumar Aniket University of Cambridge 20 September 2014 Abstract. The objective of the paper is to explain why poverty, there is a poverty trap region or a threshold below which the economy is in a low steady state. The paper shows

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A credit risk model for agricultural loan portfolios under the new Basel Capital Accord  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the probability of default and the loan loss distribution in a pro forma context that facilitates proactive decision making. The model also generates expected loan loss, VaR, and capital requirements. This study suggests two key conclusions helpful to future...

Kim, Juno

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

442

PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE BEGINNING INVENTORY Procedures for Completing Annual Capital Equipment Inventory 1. Check off each item on the inventory report, as it is located. Place one of the small white inventory FY 2011 stickers on the equipment, as it is located. This will eliminate counting

Provancher, William

443

Assessing and ordering investments in polluting fossil-fueled and zero-carbon capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions from existing coal power plants can for instance be achieved by building gas power plants (gas of cleaner capital. Coal power and inefficient thermal engines may be phased out by gas power and efficient Union aims at decarbonizing almost completely the power sector by 2050, and at reducing emissions from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

Natural Capital Management: An Evolutionary Paradigm for Sustainable Restoration Investment - 13455  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unlike other forms of capital assets (built infrastructure, labor, financial capital), the supply of usable or accessible air, land, and water elements (termed Natural Capital Assets or NCA) available to enterprise processes is structurally shrinking due to increased demand and regulatory restriction. This supply/demand imbalance is affecting all forms of public and private enterprise (including Federal Facilities) in the form of encroachment, production limits, cost increases, and reduced competitiveness. Department of Energy (DOE) sites are comprised of significant stocks of NCA that function as both conserved capital (providing ecosystem services and other reserve capacity), and as natural infrastructure (supporting major Federal enterprise programs). The current rubric of 'Environmental Stewardship' provides an unduly constrained management paradigm that is focused largely on compliance process metrics, and lacks a value platform for quantifying, documenting, and sustainably re-deploying re-capitalized natural asset capacity and capability. By adopting value-based system concepts similar to built infrastructure accounting and information management, 'stewarded' natural assets relegated to liability- or compliance-focused outcomes become 're-capitalized' operational assets able to support new or expanded mission. This growing need for new accounting and management paradigms to capture natural capital value is achieving global recognition, most recently by the United Nations, world leaders, and international corporations at the Rio+20 Summit in June of 2012. Natural Capital Asset Management (NCAM){sup TM} is such an accounting framework tool. Using a quantification-based design, NCAM{sup TM} provides inventory, capacity and value data to owners or managers of natural assets such as the DOE that parallel comparable information systems currently used for facility assets. Applied to Environmental Management (EM) and other DOE program activities, the natural asset capacity and value generated by EM projects and other investment and operational programming can be recorded and then allocated to mission and/or ecosystem needs as part of overall site, complex, and Federal decision-making. NCAM{sup TM} can also document post-restoration asset capability and value for use in weighing loss mitigation and ecosystem damage claims arising from past operational activities. A prototype NCAM{sup TM} evaluation developed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) demonstrates use of this framework as an advanced paradigm for NCA accounting and decision-making for the larger DOE complex and other enterprise using natural capital in operations. Applying a quantified value paradigm, the framework catalogues the results of activities that sustain, restore, and modernize natural assets for enterprise-wide value beyond that of compliance milestones. Capturing and assigning recapitalization value using NCAM{sup TM} concepts and tools improves effective reuse of taxpayer-sustained assets, records ecosystem service value, enables mission and enterprise optimization, and assures the sustainability of shared natural capital assets in regional pools vital to both complex sites and local and regional economies. (authors)

Koetz, Maureen T. [Koetz and Duncan LLC, Suite 30J, 355 South End Avenue, New York, NY 10280 (United States)] [Koetz and Duncan LLC, Suite 30J, 355 South End Avenue, New York, NY 10280 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Thermodynamics of Dyonic Lifshitz Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Black holes with asymptotic anisotropic scaling are conjectured to be gravity duals of condensed matter system close to quantum critical points with non-trivial dynamical exponent z at finite temperature. A holographic renormalization procedure is presented that allows thermodynamic potentials to be defined for objects with both electric and magnetic charge in such a way that standard thermodynamic relations hold. Black holes in asymptotic Lifshitz spacetimes can exhibit paramagnetic behavior at low temperature limit for certain values of the critical exponent z, whereas the behavior of AdS black holes is always diamagnetic.

Tobias Zingg

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Some remarks on black hole thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two thermodynamic "paradoxes" of black hole physics are re-examined. The first is that there is a thermal instability involving two coupled blackbody cavities containing two black holes, and second is that a classical black hole can swallow up entropy in the form of ambient blackbody photons without increasing its mass. The resolution of the second paradox by Bekenstein and by Hawking is re-visited. The link between Hawking radiation and Wigner's superluminal tunneling time is discussed using two equivalent Feynman diagrams, and Feynman's re-interpretation principle.

R. Y. Chiao

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

447

Spectroscopy and Thermodynamics of MSW Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamics and spectroscopy of a 2+1 dimensional black hole pro- posed by Mandal et. al1 . We put the background space time in Kruskal like co-ordinate and find period with respect to Euclidean time. Different thermodynamic quantities like entropy, specific heat, temperature etc are obtained. The adiabatic invariant for the black hole is found out and quantized using Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule. The study shows that the area spectrum of MSW black hole is equally spaced and the value of spacing is found to be h bar

Sebastian, Saneesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Spectroscopy and Thermodynamics of MSW Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamics and spectroscopy of a 2+1 dimensional black hole pro- posed by Mandal et. al1 . We put the background space time in Kruskal like co-ordinate and find period with respect to Euclidean time. Different thermodynamic quantities like entropy, specific heat, temperature etc are obtained. The adiabatic invariant for the black hole is found out and quantized using Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule. The study shows that the area spectrum of MSW black hole is equally spaced and the value of spacing is found to be h bar

Saneesh Sebastian; V. C. Kuriakose

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

449

Tunable optical properties of multilayers black phosphorus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculated the optical conductivity tensor of multilayers black phosphorus using the Kubo formula within an effective low-energy Hamiltonian. The optical absorption spectra of multilayers black phosphorus are shown to vary sensitively with thickness, doping, and light polarization. In conjunction with experimental spectra obtained from infrared absorption spectroscopy, we discuss the role of interband coupling and disorder on the observed anisotropic absorption spectra. Multilayers black phosphorus might offer attractive alternatives to narrow gap compound semiconductors for optoelectronics across mid- to near-infrared frequencies.

Low, Tony; Carvalho, A; Jiang, Yongjin; Wang, Han; Xia, Fengnian; Neto, A H Castro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

CHARYBDIS: A Black hole event generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model of black hole production and decay which can be interfaced to existing Monte Carlo programs using the Les Houches accord [4]. The major new theoretical input to the generator is the inclusion of the recently calculated ‘grey-body’ factors for black... ? TH geometric arguments show that ?l,m? ? (?rh)2 in any number of dimensions, which means that at high energies the shape of the spectrum is like that of a black body. However the low energy behaviour of the grey-body factors is spin-dependent and also...

Harris, Chris M; Richardson, P; Webber, Bryan R

451

Black hole hair in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the property of matter in equilibrium with a static, spherically symmetric black hole in D-dimensional spacetime. It requires this kind of matter has an equation of state (\\omega\\equiv p_r/\\rho=-1/(1+2kn), k,n\\in \\mathbb{N}), which seems to be independent of D. However, when we associate this with specific models, some interesting limits on space could be found: (i)(D=2+2kn) while the black hole is surrounded by cosmic strings; (ii)the black hole can be surrounded by linear dilaton field only in 4-dimensional spacetime. In both cases, D=4 is special.

Chao Cao; Yi-Xin Chen; Jian-Long Li

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

452

Morphology of PolyethyleneCarbon Black Composites G. BEAUCAGE,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Morphology of Polyethylene­Carbon Black Composites G. BEAUCAGE,1 S. RANE,1 D. W. SCHAEFER,1 G. LONG-ray scattering (SAXS) study of a conductive grade of carbon black and carbon black­polymer composites(methyl methacrylate); carbon black; filler; composite; conductivity; percolation INTRODUCTION The morphology

Beaucage, Gregory

453

Validating Annual Growth Bands of Deep-Sea Black Corals and Calculating Ocean Reservoir Ages from the Gulf of Mexico and Southeastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the identification of the anthropogenic bomb-radiocarbon signal from the testing of thermonuclear devices in the 1950’s and 1960’s. This method is sometimes referred as the bomb-radiocarbon dating method (Roark et al., 2005; Sherwood et al., 2005). The bomb...

Mohon, Leslye M

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

454

Phase transitions and Geometrothermodynamics of Regular black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the thermodynamics and state space geometry of regular black hole solutions such as Bardeen black hole, Ay\\'{o}n-Beato and Garc\\'{i}a black hole, Hayward black hole and Berej-Matyjasek-Trynieki-Wornowicz black hole. We find that all these black holes show second order thermodynamic phase transitions(SOTPT) by observing discontinuities in heat capacity-entropy graphs as well as the cusp type double point in free energy-temperature graph. Using the formulation of geometrothermodynamics we again find the singularities in the heat capacity of the black holes by calculating the curvature scalar of the Legendre invariant metric.

R. Tharanath; Jishnu Suresh; V. C. Kuriakose

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

455

Reclaiming Blackness: (Counter) Narratives of Racial Kinship in Black Gay Men‘s Sexual Stories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Prevention CME Christian Methodist Episcopal church DL Down Low GLBT Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgendered HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus MCC Metropolitan Community Church MSM Men Who Have Sex with Men NCBLG National Coalition of Black Lesbians... and Gays SBM Super Black Man SGL Same Gender Loving STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases The Forum National Black Gay and Lesbian Leadership Forum TVC Traditional Values Coalition x TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT...

Chambers, Christopher Scott

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

456

Thermodynamics of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole: thermal stability of Nariai black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole in five dimensions by introducing two temperatures based on the standard and Bousso-Hawking normalizations. We use the first-law of thermodynamics to derive thermodynamic quantities. The two temperatures indicate that the Nariai black hole is thermodynamically unstable. However, it seems that black hole thermodynamics favors the standard normalization, and does not favor the Bousso-Hawking normalization.

Yun Soo Myung

2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

457

Thermodynamics and evaporation of the noncommutative black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the thermodynamics of the noncommutative black hole whose static picture is similar to that of the nonsingular black hole known as the de Sitter-Schwarzschild black hole. It turns out that the final remnant of extremal black hole is a thermodynamically stable object. We describe the evaporation process of this black hole by using the noncommutativity-corrected Vaidya metric. It is found that there exists a close relationship between thermodynamic approach and evaporation process.

Yun Soo Myung; Yong-Wan Kim; Young-Jai Park

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

458

Black hole evolution: I. Supernova-regulated black hole growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The growth of a supermassive black hole (BH) is determined by how much gas the host galaxy is able to feed it, which in turn is controlled by the cosmic environment, through galaxy mergers and accretion of cosmic flows that time how galaxies obtain their gas, but also by internal processes in the galaxy, such as star formation and feedback from stars and the BH itself. In this paper, we study the growth of a 10^12 Msun halo at z=2, which is the progenitor of an archetypical group of galaxies at z=0, and of its central BH by means of a high-resolution zoomed cosmological simulation, the Seth simulation. We study the evolution of the BH driven by the accretion of cold gas in the galaxy, and explore the efficiency of the feedback from supernovae (SNe). For a relatively inefficient energy input from SNe, the BH grows at the Eddington rate from early times, and reaches self-regulation once it is massive enough. We find that at early cosmic times z>3.5, efficient feedback from SNe forbids the formation of a settled...

Dubois, Yohan; Silk, Joseph; Devriendt, Julien; Slyz, Adrianne; Teyssier, Romain

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Ethnic identification among blacks and whites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two central questions drive this research: (1) Are there trends in ethnic identification among blacks and whites; and (2) Are there meaningful differences between groups that identify differently? I use descriptive and regression analysis...

Glass, Teresa Gail

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy of 4-Dimensional Black Hole, etc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter I suggest possible redefinition of mass density, not depending on speed of the mass element, which leads to a more simple stress-energy for an object. I calculate energy of black hole.

Dmitriy Palatnik

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Topological Black Holes -- Outside Looking In  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe the general mathematical construction and physical picture of topological black holes, which are black holes whose event horizons are surfaces of non-trivial topology. The construction is carried out in an arbitrary number of dimensions, and includes all known special cases which have appeared before in the literature. I describe the basic features of massive charged topological black holes in $(3+1)$ dimensions, from both an exterior and interior point of view. To investigate their interiors, it is necessary to understand the radiative falloff behaviour of a given massless field at late times in the background of a topological black hole. I describe the results of a numerical investigation of such behaviour for a conformally coupled scalar field. Significant differences emerge between spherical and higher genus topologies.

R. B. Mann

1997-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Horizon Operator Approach to Black Hole Quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $S$-matrix Ansatz for the construction of a quantum theory of black holes is further exploited. We first note that treating the metric tensor $g_{\\m\

G. 't Hooft

1994-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

463

Towards Black Hole Entropy in Shape Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shape dynamics is classical theory of gravity which agrees with general relativity in many important cases, but possesses different gauge symmetries and constraints. Rather than spacetime diffeomorphism invariance, shape dynamics takes spatial diffeomorphism invariance and spatial Weyl invariance as the fundamental gauge symmetries associated with the gravitational field. Since the area of the event horizon of a black hole transforms under a generic spatial Weyl transformation, there has been some doubt that one can speak sensibly about the thermodynamics of black holes in shape dynamics. The purpose of this paper is to show that by treating the event horizon of a black hole as an interior boundary, one can recover familiar notions of black hole thermodynamics in shape dynamics and define a gauge invariant entropy that agrees with general relativity.

Gabriel Herczeg; Vasudev Shyam

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

464

BLACK ENGLISH AND THE AMERICAN VALUE SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strategy of enlightened bi-dialectalism used by the schools in the United States to deal with the problem of Black English is a significant attempt at social engineering. This attempt is motivated by basic linguistic ...

Drake, Glendon F.

1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The structure of the carbon black flame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STRUCTURE OF THE CARBON BLACK FLAME A Dissertation By W1 111 ami Kermit Anderson THEHSR UCOF Approval as to style and content recommended Head of tiie Department of Chemistry A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural... and Mechanical College of. Texas in Parti ail Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy THE STRUCTURE OF THE CARBON BLACK FLAME Major Subject: Chemistry AB William Hermit Anderson:\\ t * August 1945 THE STRUCTURE OF THE. CARBON...

Anderson, W. Kermi

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Notes on Black Hole Fluctuations and Backreaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In these notes we prepare the ground for a systematic investigation into the issues of black hole fluctuations and backreaction by discussing the formulation of the problem, commenting on possible advantages and shortcomings of existing works, and introducing our own approach via a stochastic semiclassical theory of gravity based on the Einstein-Langevin equation and the fluctuation-dissipation relation for a self-consistent description of metric fluctuations and dissipative dynamics of the black hole with backreaction of its Hawking radiance.

B. L. Hu; Alpan Raval; Sukanya Sinha

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

467

Electromagnetic Beams Overpass the Black Hole Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the electromagnetic excitations of the Kerr black hole have very strong back reaction on metric. In particular, the electromagnetic excitations aligned with the Kerr congruence form the light-like beams which overcome horizon, forming the holes in it, which allows matter to escape interior. So, there is no information lost inside the black hole. This effect is based exclusively on the analyticity of the algebraically special solutions.

Alexander Burinskii

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

468

Tritium level along Romanian Black Sea Coast  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishing the tritium level along the Romanian Black Sea Coast, after 10 years of exploitation of the nuclear power plant from Cernavoda, is a first step in evaluating its impact on the Black Sea ecosystem. The monitoring program consists of tritium activity concentration measurement in sea water and precipitation from Black Sea Coast between April 2005 and April 2006. The sampling points were spread over the Danube-Black Sea Canal - before the locks Agigea and Navodari, and Black Sea along the coast to the Bulgarian border. The average tritium concentration in sea water collected from the sampling locations had the value of 11.1 {+-} 2.1 TU, close to tritium concentration in precipitation. Although an operating nuclear power plant exists in the monitored area, the values of tritium concentration in two locations are slightly higher than those recorded elsewhere. To conclude, it could be emphasized that until now, Cernavoda NPP did not had any influence on the tritium concentration of the Black Sea Shore. (authors)

Varlam, C.; Stefanescu, I.; Popescu, I.; Faurescu, I. [National Inst. for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies, PO Box 10, Rm. Valcea, 24050 (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Asymptotically Lifshitz brane-world black holes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of a RSII brane-world scenario, taking into account the effects of the extra dimension through the contribution of the electric part of the Weyl tensor. We study the thermodynamical behavior of such asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. It is shown that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. This maximum value of z corresponds to a positive infinite entropy as long as the temperature is kept positive. The stability and phase transition for different spatial topologies are also discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the gravity dual of a Lifshitz field theory in the context of brane-world scenario. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Studying the thermodynamical behavior of asymptotically Lifshitz black holes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Showing that the entropy imposes the critical exponent z to be bounded from above. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Discussing the phase transition for different spatial topologies.

Ranjbar, Arash, E-mail: a_ranjbar@sbu.ac.ir; Sepangi, Hamid Reza, E-mail: hr-sepangi@sbu.ac.ir; Shahidi, Shahab, E-mail: s_shahidi@sbu.ac.ir

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Sublethal metabolic responses of the hermatypic coral Madracis decactis exposed to drilling mud enriched with ferrochrome lignosulfonate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to each measurement period, aquaria were flushed with 0. 45-um filteresi seawater to remove the drill mud-ferrochrome lignosulfonate suspen- sion so that it and natural particulates present in the aquaria during the normia 1 flow-through mode did... 1 coral protein h ~). Figure A-3: 0/NH4-N ratio for each drill mud + FCLS regime. . . 63 65 . . 67 INTRODUCTI OTN Dr~illin Muds and Dril1 indi Fluids. According to the U. S. Bureau of Land Manage!sent (1976), ove! 8700 oil an!I gas wells have...

Krone, Michael August

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes and Coral Growth in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea as Environmental and Climate Indicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thanks goes to the crew of the M/V Fling; the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary (FGBNMS) staff, E. Hickerson, G.P. Schmal, L. Kurjelja; the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary staff, J. Halas, B. Causey, A. Massey; U.S. Geological Survey... OXYGEN AND CARBON ISOTOPES AND CORAL GROWTH IN THE GULF OF MEXICO AND CARIBBEAN SEA AS ENVIRONMENTAL AND CLIMATE INDICATORS A Dissertation by AMY JO WAGNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

Wagner, Amy Jo

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

472

Black Carbon’s Properties and Role in the Environment: A Comprehensive Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Can reducing black carbon emissions counteract globalinventory of black carbon emissions. Atmos. Environ. 1993,commonly studied form of carbon emissions. Black carbon (BC)

Shrestha, Gyami

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Capital Structure and Financial Management Practices of the Texas Cattle Feeding Industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

examines the capital structure and financial management practices of feedlots in the Panhandle-Plains area of Texas. More specif- ically, the study considers the characteristics of the Panhandle-Plains cattle feeding industry, the asset-debt structure... high proportion of the larger lots and a majority of all feedlots are incorporated. These incorporated feedlots account for about 80 percent of the cattle fed in the Texas Panhandle-Plains area. Approximately 50 percent of the total assets...

Dietrich, Raymond A.; Martin, J. R.; Ljungdahl, P. W.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

DOE Strategic Human Capital Plan (FY 2011 - 2015) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FYGStrategic Human Capital Plan (FY

475

Cost of Capital and Regulator’s Preferences: Investigation into a new method of estimating regulatory bias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When computing regulated prices, the standard method is the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) which involves the estimation of a single parameter: the beta of the company. Yet, these computational methods fail to take into account any preference...

Sancetta, Alessio; Satchell, Stephen E

476

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A review of "The Culture of Capital: Property, Cities, and Knowledge in Early Modern England." by Henry S. Turner ed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? involved in adopting a new subject for criticism, in this case the economic. Jonathan Goldberg, analyzing Miranda?s speech in The Tempest, concludes that race and literacy were tied to cultural capital long before the emergence of Enlightenment racial...

Nicole Greenspan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

From a “consensus” to a “disorganized” model of Japanese capitalism: the emergence of new forms of labour activism.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The coordination between the socio-economic institutions which constituted the post-war model of Japanese capitalism has been continuously undermined from the 1990s onward. This include the… (more)

Shibata, Saori

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Advances in Energy Efficiency, Capital Cost, and Installation Schedules for Large Capacity Cooling Applications Using a Packaged Chiller Plant Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reductions in unit capital costs of installed chiller plant capacity on a dollar per ton basis, 2) marked improvements in total procurement and installation schedules, 3) significantly smaller space requirements, and 4) enhanced control over total system...

Pierson, T. L.; Andrepont, J. S.

480

Managing risks in energy capital projects -- the value of contractual risk-sharing in CCS-EOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the question of how to maximize the value of energy capital projects in light of the various risks faced by these projects. The risks can be categorized as exogenous risks (not in control of involved ...

Agarwal, Anna

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "black coral capital" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Private equity and venture capital in emerging markets : a case study of Egypt and the MENA region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private equity and venture capital investments in emerging markets grew significantly over the past five years (2003-2008), both in absolute and relative terms. In this study, we examine the industry's role in emerging ...

Ismail, Ayman (Ayman Adel), 1973-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Long-Term Wisconsin Capital Assets Deferral and Wisconsin-Source Asset Exclusion Qualified Wisconsin Business Certification (Wisconsin)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WEDC may certify businesses as a “Qualified Wisconsin Business”. The designation allows investors with WI capital gains tax liability to both defer that tax liability and if an investment is...

483

Holographic superconductor in the exact hairy black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the charged black hole of hyperbolic horizon with scalar hair (charged Martinez-Troncoso-Zanelli: CMTZ black hole) as a model of analytic hairy black hole for holographic superconductor. For this purpose, we investigate the second order phase transition between CMTZ and hyperbolic Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-AdS (HRNAdS) black holes. However, this transition unlikely occur. As an analytic treatment for holographic superconductor, we develop superconductor in the bulk and superfluidity on the boundary using the CMTZ black hole below the critical temperature. The presence of charge destroys the condensates around the zero temperature, which is in accord with the thermodynamic analysis of the CMTZ black hole.

Yun Soo Myung; Chanyong Park

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

The importance of annual personal saving to the capital finance and real wealth position of farm operator families  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPORTANCE OF ANNUAL PERSONAL SAVING TO THE CAPITAL FINANCE AND REAL WEALTH POSITION OF FARM OPERATOR FAMILIES A Thesis by Deroe Elizabeth Asenath Davis Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the reqirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1977 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics THE IMPORTANCE OF ANNUAL PERSONAL SAVING TO THE CAPITAL FINANCE AND REAL WEALTH POSITION OF FARM OPERATOR FAMILIES A Thesis by Deroe Elizabeth Asenath...

Davis, Deroe Elizabeth Asenath

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Understanding the faculty experience of teaching using educational technology in the academic capitalism era: an interpretive critical inquiry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

appropriate technological processes and resources? (Januszewski, 2006, p. 10). For example, educational technology as a resource can be a human patient simulator that includes a mannequin and software for teaching techniques on administering anesthesia... and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources? (Januszewski, 2006, p. 10). Entrepreneurial university is another term used for academic capitalism. Human capital is ?the knowledge, expertise...

Demps, Elaine Linell

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

5.1 Overview In evaluating the 82 candidate coral species, the BRT first assessed whether the taxonomic units in the candidate list  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Endangered Species Act. Next, to estimate extinction risk for each of the candidate species, the BRT relied to reach a final BRT determination on extinction risk. 5.2 The Species Question The BRT first examined 99 5. METHODS 5.1 Overview In evaluating the 82 candidate coral species, the BRT first

487

Nat. Hist. Res., Vol. 3 No. 2: 193-210, March 1995 Biogeography of Reef-Building Corals in the Mariana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Mariana and Palau Islands in Relation to Back-Arc Rifting and the Formation of the Eastern Philippine Sea.), and Marshall Islands (ca. 300 sp.). Out of these relatively high coral diversity island groups the Palau Forearc was once part of the Palau -Kyushu Ridge, from where it has been displaced to its present position

Mcilwain, Jenny

488

Perturbative String Thermodynamics near Black Hole Horizons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide further computations and ideas to the problem of near-Hagedorn string thermodynamics near (uncharged) black hole horizons, building upon our earlier work JHEP 1403 (2014) 086. The relevance of long strings to one-loop black hole thermodynamics is emphasized. We then provide an argument in favor of the absence of $\\alpha'$-corrections for the (quadratic) heterotic thermal scalar action in Rindler space. We also compute the large $k$ limit of the cigar orbifold partition functions (for both bosonic and type II superstrings) which allows a better comparison between the flat cones and the cigar cones. A discussion is made on the general McClain-Roth-O'Brien-Tan theorem and on the fact that different torus embeddings lead to different aspects of string thermodynamics. The black hole/string correspondence principle for the 2d black hole is discussed in terms of the thermal scalar. Finally, we present an argument to deal with arbitrary higher genus partition functions, suggesting the breakdown of string perturbation theory (in $g_s$) to compute thermodynamical quantities in black hole spacetimes.

Thomas G. Mertens; Henri Verschelde; Valentin I. Zakharov

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

489

The Environmental Impact of Supermassive Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The supermassive black holes observed at the centers of almost all present-day galaxies, had a profound impact on their environment. I highlight the principle of self-regulation, by which supermassive black holes grow until they release sufficient energy to unbind the gas that feeds them from their host galaxy. This principle explains several observed facts, including the correlation between the mass of a central black hole and the depth of the gravitational potential well of its host galaxy, and the abundance and clustering properties of bright quasars in the redshift interval of z~2-6. At lower redshifts, quasars might have limited the maximum mass of galaxies through the suppression of cooling flows in X-ray clusters. The seeds of supermassive black holes were likely planted in dwarf galaxies at redshifts z>10, through the collapse of massive or supermassive stars. The minimum seed mass can be identified observationally through the detection of gravitational waves from black hole binaries by Advanced LIGO or LISA. Aside from shaping their host galaxies, quasar outflows filled the intergalactic medium with magnetic fields and heavy elements. Beyond the reach of these outflows, the brightest quasars at z>6 have ionized exceedingly large volumes of gas (tens of comoving Mpc) prior to global reionization, and must have suppressed the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function in these volumes before the same occurred through the rest of the universe.

Abraham Loeb

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

Investigating Dark Energy with Black Hole Binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The accelerated expansion of the universe is ascribed to the existence of dark energy. Black holes accretion of dark energy induces a mass change proportional to the energy density and pressure of the background dark energy fluid. The time scale during which the mass of black holes changes considerably is too long relative to the age of the universe, thus beyond detection possibilities. We propose to take advantage of the modified black hole masses for exploring the equation of state $w[z]$ of dark energy, by investigating the evolution of supermassive black hole binaries on a dark energy background. Deriving the signatures of dark energy accretion on the evolution of binaries, we find that dark energy imprints on the emitted gravitational radiation and on the changes in the orbital radius of the binary can be within detection limits for certain supermassive black hole binaries. In this talk I describe how binaries can provide a useful tool in obtaining complementary information on the nature of dark energy, based on the work done with A.Kelleher.

Laura Mersini-Houghton; Adam Kelleher

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

491

Black Holes with Flavors of Quantum Hair?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that black holes can posses a long-range quantum hair of super-massive tensor fields, which can be detected by Aharonov-Bohm tabletop interference experiments, in which a quantum-hairy black hole, or a remnant particle, passes through the loop of a magnetic solenoid. The long distance effect does not decouple for an arbitrarily high mass of the hair-providing field. Because Kaluza-Klein and String theories contain infinite number of massive tensor fields, we study black holes with quantum Kaluza-Klein hair. We show that in five dimensions such a black hole can be interpreted as a string of `combed' generalized magnetic monopoles, with their fluxes confined along it. For the compactification on a translation-invariant circle, this substructure uncovers hidden flux conservation and quantization of the monopole charges, which constrain the quantum hair of the resulting four-dimensional black hole. For the spin-2 quantum hair this result is somewhat unexpected, since the constituent `magnetic' charges have no `electric' counterparts. Nevertheless, the information about their quantization is encoded in singularity.

Gia Dvali

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

492

Neutrino Majorana Mass from Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new mechanism to generate the neutrino Majorana mass in TeV-scale gravity models. The black hole violates all non-gauged symmetries and can become the origin of lepton number violating processes. The fluctuation of higher-dimensional spacetime can result in the production of a black hole, which emits 2 neutrinos. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, this process is equivalent to the free propagation of a neutrino with the insertion of the black hole. From this fact, we derive the neutrino Majorana mass. The result is completely consistent with the recently observed evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay. And the obtained neutrino Majorana mass satisfies the constraint from the density of the neutrino dark matter, which affects the cosmic structure formation. Furthermore, we can explain the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays by the Z-burst scenario with it.

Yosuke Uehara

2002-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

493

Black Hole Chromosphere at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If the scale of quantum gravity is near a TeV, black holes will be copiously produced at the LHC. In this work we study the main properties of the light descendants of these black holes. We show that the emitted partons are closely spaced outside the horizon, and hence they do not fragment into hadrons in vacuum but more likely into a kind of quark-gluon plasma. Consequently, the thermal emission occurs far from the horizon, at a temperature characteristic of the QCD scale. We analyze the energy spectrum of the particles emerging from the "chromosphere", and find that the hard hadronic jets are almost entirely suppressed. They are replaced by an isotropic distribution of soft photons and hadrons, with hundreds of particles in the GeV range. This provides a new distinctive signature for black hole events at LHC.

Luis Anchordoqui; Haim Goldberg

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

494

Black Hole Complementarity in Gravity's Rainbow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the required energy for duplication of information in the context of black hole complementarity in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole. The resultant energy can be written as the well-defined limit given by the conventional result for the vanishing rainbow parameter which characterizes the deformation of the relativistic dispersion relation in the freely falling frame. It shows that the duplication of information in quantum mechanics could be not allowed below a certain critical value of the rainbow parameter; however, it could be possible above the critical value of the rainbow parameter, so that the consistent formulation in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole requires additional constraints or any other resolutions for the latter case.

Gim, Yongwan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Extremal limits and black hole entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taking the extremal limit of a non-extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole (by externally varying the mass or charge), the region between the inner and outer event horizons experiences an interesting fate -- while this region is absent in the extremal case, it does not disappear in the extremal limit but rather approaches a patch of $AdS_2\\times S^2$. In other words, the approach to extremality is not continuous, as the non-extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om solution splits into two spacetimes at extremality: an extremal black hole and a disconnected $AdS$ space. We suggest that the unusual nature of this limit may help in understanding the entropy of extremal black holes.

Sean M. Carroll; Matthew C. Johnson; Lisa Randall

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

496

Legendary Tuskegee Airmen to Speak at Jefferson Lab's Black History...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lab's Black History Month Event February 3, 2004 Three members of the legendary, World War II era Tuskegee Airmen will speak at Jefferson Lab's Black History Month celebration at...

497

Improved recovery of tall oil from black liquors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Applying a d.c. of less than 15 V to acidified black liquor separates a significant amount of tall oil remaining in the black liquor sludge. An apparatus with graphite electrodes for this process is described.

Zucker, J.

1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

498

Topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We find topological (charged) black holes whose horizon has an arbitrary constant scalar curvature 2k in Horava-Lifshitz theory. Without loss of generality, one may take k=1, 0, and -1. The black hole solution is asymptotically anti-de Sitter with a nonstandard asymptotic behavior. Using the Hamiltonian approach, we define a finite mass associated with the solution. We discuss the thermodynamics of the topological black holes and find that the black hole entropy has a logarithmic term in addition to an area term. We find a duality in Hawking temperature between topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz theory and Einstein's general relativity: the temperature behaviors of black holes with k=1, 0, and -1 in Horava-Lifshitz theory are, respectively, dual to those of topological black holes with k=-1, 0, and 1 in Einstein's general relativity. The topological black holes in Horava-Lifshitz theory are thermodynamically stable.

Cai Ronggen [Key Laboratory of Frontiers in Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China) and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China (KITPC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China); Cao Liming [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Ohta, Nobuyoshi [Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Black Hills Energy (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Black Hills Energy offers its residential Iowa customers incentives to encourage energy efficiency in their homes. Black Hills Energy offers a free home energy evaluation to customers (both owners...

500

The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black Portland State University black@cs.pdx.edu Norman C. Hutchinson University of British Columbia norm@cs.ubc.ca Eric Jul University of Copenhagen eric

Black, Andrew P.