National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for biomimetics materials science

  1. Biomimetic hydrogel materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bertozzi, Carolyn (Albany, CA); Mukkamala, Ravindranath (Houston, TX); Chen, Qing (Albany, CA); Hu, Hopin (Albuquerque, NM); Baude, Dominique (Creteil, FR)

    2000-01-01

    Novel biomimetic hydrogel materials and methods for their preparation. Hydrogels containing acrylamide-functionalized carbohydrate, sulfoxide, sulfide or sulfone copolymerized with a hydrophilic or hydrophobic copolymerizing material selected from the group consisting of an acrylamide, methacrylamide, acrylate, methacrylate, vinyl and a derivative thereof present in concentration from about 1 to about 99 wt %. and methods for their preparation. The method of use of the new hydrogels for fabrication of soft contact lenses and biomedical implants.

  2. Biomimetic Hydrogel Materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bertozzi, Carolyn (Albany, CA), Mukkamala, Ravindranath (Houston, TX), Chen, Oing (Albany, CA), Hu, Hopin (Albuquerque, NM), Baude, Dominique (Creteil, FR)

    2003-04-22

    Novel biomimetic hydrogel materials and methods for their preparation. Hydrogels containing acrylamide-functionalized carbohydrate, sulfoxide, sulfide or sulfone copolymerized with a hydrophilic or hydrophobic copolymerizing material selected from the group consisting of an acrylamide, methacrylamide, acrylate, methacrylate, vinyl and a derivative thereof present in concentration from about 1 to about 99 wt %. and methods for their preparation. The method of use of the new hydrogels for fabrication of soft contact lenses and biomedical implants.

  3. Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials for Energy Applications Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials for Energy Applications 2012 DOE...

  4. Biomimetics for next generation materials BY FRANCOIS BARTHELAT*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    . The resulting materials will offer new combinations of low weight, stiffness and toughness, with addedBiomimetics for next generation materials BY FRANCOIS BARTHELAT* Department of Mechanical of evolution have produced extremely efficient natural materials, which are increasingly becoming a source

  5. Biomimetic Materials for Protein Storage and Transport | Argonne National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar

  6. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are Fun bookHomeland

  7. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are Fun bookHomelandBorrowing

  8. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are Fun

  9. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are FunBorrowing from Nature to

  10. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are FunBorrowing from Nature

  11. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are FunBorrowing from

  12. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBerylliumBiomimetic(cousinDataTalksHealth &

  13. Borrowing from Nature to Produce Highly Structured Biomimetic Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBerylliumBiomimetic(cousinDataTalksHealth

  14. Department of Materials Science &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Developing Leaders of Innovation Department of Materials Science & Engineering #12;At the University of Virginia, students in materials science, engineering physics and engineering science choose to tackle compelling issues in materials science and engineering or engineering science

  15. Materials Science & Engineering | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Materials Science and Engineering SHARE Materials Science and Engineering ORNL's core capability in applied materials...

  16. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Database (TPMD) Aerospace Structural Metals Database (ASMD) Damage Tolerant Design Handbook (DTDH) Microelectronics Packaging Materials Database (MPMD) Structural Alloys...

  17. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat PumpsTechnologiesTechnologiesScienceStudents | Center

  18. Development of nano-scale and biomimetic surfaces for biomedical applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry, James Edward

    2006-10-30

    The work described in this dissertation details the development of a biomimetic materials for use in sensors and therapeutics, based on new advances in material science. The sensors developed herein target neurodegenerative diseases. Two...

  19. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Science & Engineering The development of new high-performance materials for energy Use of Advanced Characterization Techniques for Materials Development in Energy and Transportation and composition of materials at higher spatial resolution, with greater efficiency, and on real materials

  20. Variable temperature, relative humidity ,,0%100%..., and liquid neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for polymeric and biomimetic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Christopher

    suitable for polymeric and biomimetic materials T. A. Harroun Chalk River Laboratories, National Research Council, Chalk River, Ontario K0J 1J0, Canada and Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada H. Fritzsche and M. J. Watson Chalk River Laboratories, National Research Council

  1. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Materials Science & Engineering The University of Utah 2014-15 Undergraduate Handbook #12;STUDYING FOR A MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING DEGREE Materials Science and Engineering inter-twines numerous disciplines, including chemistry, physics and engineering. It is the one discipline within the College of Engineering

  2. NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaic Program and DOE Basic Energy Sciences Program. Materials Science. The Materials Science Group's research...

  3. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Science & Engineering New paradigms in the R&D of novel multifunctional oxide and nanocarbon thin films are providing the bases for new physics, new materials science and chemistry Laboratory (ANL) during the past fifteen years. Also, the applications of these materials for a new

  4. Materials Science & Tech Division | Advanced Materials | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    applied materials science and technology. One key component of the division is a strong Basic Energy Sciences (BES) portfolio that pushes the frontiers of materials theory,...

  5. Nuclear Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    comprises the core actinide materials science and metallurgical capability within the nuclear weapons production and surveillance communities. Contact Us Group Leader David...

  6. Biomimetic Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanoparticles and Their Applications as Electro-catalysts in Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yujing

    2012-01-01

    Y. , Biomimetic Synthesis of Inorganic Materials and Theirsynthesis of inorganic materials .NPs. 1.2 Biomimetic synthesis of inorganic materials Through

  7. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Science & Engineering In this presentation the role of materials in power generation sector is about 20%, opportunities for materials-based technologies to improve energy efficiency (e Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He is also the Director of the High Temperature Materials Laboratory

  8. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capecchi, Mario R.

    -twines numerous disciplines, including chemistry, physics and engineering. It is the one discipline within an engineering degree. Materials Scientists apply the principles of physics and chemistry to engineering problemsMaterials Science & Engineering 2015-2016 Undergraduate Handbook The University of Utah #12

  9. Materials Science and Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    re f avorable. 1. M . P . S eah, P roc. R oyal S oc, L ondon, A 349 n o. 1 659, 5 35 ( 1976) Materials Science and Engineering 7 Simula9ons f or F e14CrxSr a nd F e14CrxSc Sr and...

  10. Advanced Materials | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Together, these research capabilities in materials synthesis, characterization, and theory contribute to our leadership in basic and applied materials science that ultimately...

  11. Nuclear Materials Science:Materials Science Technology:MST-16...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Materials Science (MST-16) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE: Matter-Radiation...

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    audit of SRP radioactive waste Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; HIGH-LEVEL...

  13. Frontiers of Fusion Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    support for fusion energy within the broad materials science community Topic Fusion benefit Science aspect Office of Fusion Energy Sciences Budget Planning meeting March 13, 2001 Gaithersburg, MD #12;INTRODUCTION of fusion energy and enable improved performance, enhanced safety, and reduced overall fusion system costs

  14. Analysis of biomimetics in the application of robotic locomotion with a focus on structures, materials and dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ari Parsons

    2011-01-01

    Biomimetics is the study and analysis of natural systems to inform engineering design and technology development. Through interdisciplinary research and analysis of natural phenomena, engineers are able to gain valuable ...

  15. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Security Education Center About Us Conferences and Workshops Advanced Qualification of Additive Manufacturing Materials Workshop Quantum and Dirac Materials for Energy...

  16. Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Forensics team in the Polymers and Coatings Group, MST-7. He graduated from the University of Toledo, aerogels, carbon fiber composites, damaged materials, and low density materials examining defects

  17. A tribological and biomimetic study of potential bone joint repair materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribeiro, Rahul

    2009-05-15

    scaffold. Non-biodegradable polymer polyimide combined with various concentrations of nanotubes was investigated as a cartilage replacement material. A series of experimental approaches were used in this research. These include analysis of material surfaces...

  18. Chemical Sciences Division | Advanced Materials |ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    analysis, chemical imaging, neutron science, polymer science, and interfacial science. Theory is closely integrated with materials synthesis and characterization to gain new...

  19. Materials Science and Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterialsMST Materials

  20. Is Computational Materials Science Richard LeSar, Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Is Computational Materials Science Overrated? Richard LeSar, Materials Science and Technology of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering, Universityof California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, and Materials Computational materials science is one of the fastest growing disciplines in materials science. With an ever

  1. Evaluation of Biomimetic and Alloy-based Materials for Orthopedic Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiza-Arguello, Viviana R.

    2013-07-17

    The basic principle of tissue engineering is the combination of appropriate cells with biomaterials under conditions that promote and lead to tissue formation. A tissue engineering scaffold is a material that supports cells for their growth...

  2. Materials Science Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterials

  3. Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterialsMST

  4. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat Pumps Heat Pumpsfacility doeINNOVATION OurScience

  5. Sandia Energy - Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power& SF-BREEZE HomeMarketMaterials

  6. Field of Expertise Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -occupational univer- sity course "Paper and Pulp Technology", those working in the field can undertake further of Expertise "Advanced Materials Science" is strongly oriented to the needs of the Austrian industry and international research partners in order to keep Austrian high-technology industry, scientific production

  7. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Chemical Engineering and Materials Science COLLEGE of ENGINEERING DepartmentofChemicalEngineering-credit EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to a chemical engineering t engineering.wayne.edu/che #12;What is chemical engineering? Imagine saving the lives of pediatric patients

  8. Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report is the Materials Sciences Division`s annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

  9. Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This report is the Materials Sciences Division's annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

  10. Materials Science | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvesting in Minority BanksMANHATTANEnergyMaterials Science

  11. Materials sciences programs, Fiscal year 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in materials science topics important to the mission of the Department of Energy. The programmatic divisions under the Office of Basic Energy Sciences are Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship among synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences subfields include: physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 517 research programs including 255 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 262 research grants (233 of which are at universities), and 29 Small Business Innovation Research Grants. Five cross-cutting indices located at the rear of this book identify all 517 programs according to principal investigator(s), materials, techniques, phenomena, and environment.

  12. Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the ITER era Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities now and during the ITER era Several high-priority...

  13. Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2014-06-02 08:56:54...

  14. Vanderbilt Interdisciplinary Program in Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderbilt Interdisciplinary Program in Materials Science #12;bio/medical Nanoscience the development of materials with novel optical properties and functionalities. energy Energy is the most pressing on solar energy conversion, energy storage, and energy efficiency. semiconductors Spectacular new

  15. Materials sciences programs, fiscal year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    The Division of Materials Sciences is located within the DOE in the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in strategic materials science topics of critical importance to the mission of the Department and its Strategic Plan. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship amongst the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences sub-fields include physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 458 research programs including 216 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 242 research grants (233 for universities), and 9 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the SBIR Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F contains descriptions of other user facilities; G, a summary of funding levels; and H, indices characterizing research projects.

  16. Advanced Materials | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    materials synthesis, characterization, and theory. In other words, we discover and make new materials, we study their structure, dynamics and functionality, and we use...

  17. Materials Science Volume 7, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    Materials Science TM Volume 7, Number 4 Technologies for a changing world Nanomaterials for Energy Conversion and Storage Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries Surface-enhanced Solar Energy Convesion Changing the Landscape of Environmental and Energy Research Through Novel Nanoscale Materials #12

  18. Biomimetics Engineering from Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Biomimetics or Engineering from Biology Hari Dharan Department of Mechanical Engineering University" ­ copying only? !!"Biologically-Inspired Design" !!"Engineering from Biology" Definition !!It is not "biology for engineers". !!It is not "imitating" or "copying" biology. !!It is not "reverse

  19. Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen...

  20. June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0...

  1. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of...

  2. Materials Science Application Training 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterials MaterialsMaterials

  3. From Microstructures to Properties: Statistical Aspects of Computational Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Chuanshu

    From Microstructures to Properties: Statistical Aspects of Computational Materials Science Chuanshu and materials properties. Materials scientists have applied homogenization theory and the finite element method to FEM. Key Words: materials science, microstructure, effective property, homogenization, fi- nite

  4. Polymer / Elastomer and Composite Material Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polymer / Elastomer and Composite Material Science KEVIN L. SIMMONS Pacific Northwest National in the hydrogen system Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites and piping Material issues Polymers/Elastomers Composites Questions 2 #12;Main Points to Remember 1

  5. Materials Science and Technology Teachers Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieda, Karen J.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Bliss, Mary; Pitman, Stan G.; Eschbach, Eugene A.

    2008-09-04

    The Materials Science and Technology (MST) Handbook was developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in Richland, Washington, under support from the U.S. Department of Energy. Many individuals have been involved in writing and reviewing materials for this project since it began at Richland High School in 1986, including contributions from educators at the Northwest Regional Education Laboratory, Central Washington University, the University of Washington, teachers from Northwest Schools, and science and education personnel at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Support for its development was also provided by the U.S. Department of Education. This introductory course combines the academic disciplines of chemistry, physics, and engineering to create a materials science and technology curriculum. The course covers the fundamentals of ceramics, glass, metals, polymers and composites. Designed to appeal to a broad range of students, the course combines hands-on activities, demonstrations and long term student project descriptions. The basic philosophy of the course is for students to observe, experiment, record, question, seek additional information, and, through creative and insightful thinking, solve problems related to materials science and technology. The MST Teacher Handbook contains a course description, philosophy, student learning objectives, and instructional approach and processes. Science and technology teachers can collaborate to build the course from their own interests, strengths, and experience while incorporating existing school and community resources. The course is intended to meet local educational requirements for technology, vocational and science education.

  6. Science Gateway: The Materials Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-ThroughputUpcoming ReleaseSecurityPediatricNOAA Science Engagement

  7. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-07-01

    Research programs from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in materials science, chemical science, nuclear science, fossil energy, energy storage, health and environmental sciences, program development funds, and work for others is briefly described. (CBS)

  8. Computational Materials Sciences FOA | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Computational Materials Sciences FOA Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Closed Funding...

  9. Faculty Search Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    of polymeric membrane materials, polymeric based composites and nanocomposites, or advanced polymer at the senior level may be considered. The successful candidate will be expected to conduct scholarly research levels. Candidates with research interests in all areas of polymer engineering/polymer science

  10. INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING Recharge Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skemer, Philip

    INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING Recharge Center Washington University Cleanroom Center to charge my grants in monthly invoices for cleanroom usage fees (which include access to the cleanrooms, cleanroom instrument usage, non-covered consumables, etc.) for each specified researcher listed

  11. Materials Sciences programs, Fiscal year 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-02-01

    This report provides a compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs; the compilation is to assist administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into 7 sections: laboratory projects, contract research projects, small business innovation research, major user facilities, other user facilities, funding level distributions, and indexes.

  12. Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science College of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science College of Engineering Michigan State .................................................................................................. 32 #12;2 PROGRAM OVERVIEW The Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degree programs in chemical engineering and in materials science

  13. Potential Materials Science Benefits from a Burning Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­This also helps to build support for fusion energy within the broad materials science community Topic and Compatibility Phenomena Fabrication and Joining Science Materials for Attractive Fusion Energy · Structural energy sciences (build knowledge base on key feasibility issues) ·Provide excellence in materials science

  14. Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering At the Institute of Materials Science, Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    of Materials Science and Nanotechnology (Prof. G. Cuniberti), is open to work in the field of biomaterials and / or biologically inspired nanotechnology the position of a Senior Lecturer and Research Group leader (max. E 14 TV (Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz ­ WissZeitVG). The scientific activities of the Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology

  15. ROBERT JYR CHEN FELLOWSHIP IN MATERIALS SCIENCE The Robert Jyr Chen Endowed Fellowship in Materials Science was established in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    Rochester, New York, U.S.A. The Robert Jyr Chen Endowed Fellowship in Materials ScienceROBERT JYR CHEN FELLOWSHIP IN MATERIALS SCIENCE The Robert Jyr Chen Endowed Fellowship in Materials University and later earned a master's degree in 1970 and a doctorate in 1973 in Materials Science from

  16. Materials sciences programs: Fiscal year 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Science Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

  17. Materials sciences programs fiscal year 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-06-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

  18. Theory VI. Computational Materials Sciences Network (CMSN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z Y

    2008-06-25

    The Computational Materials Sciences Network (CMSN) is a virtual center consisting of scientists interested in working together, across organizational and disciplinary boundaries, to formulate and pursue projects that reflect challenging and relevant computational research in the materials sciences. The projects appropriate for this center involve those problems best pursued through broad cooperative efforts, rather than those key problems best tackled by single investigator groups. CMSN operates similarly to the DOE Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials, coordinated by George Samara at Sandia. As in the Synthesis and Processing Center, the intent of the modest funding for CMSN is to foster partnering and collective activities. All CMSN proposals undergo external peer review and are judged foremost on the quality and timeliness of the science and also on criteria relevant to the objective of the center, especially concerning a strategy for partnering. More details about CMSN can be found on the CMSN webpages at: http://cmpweb.ameslab.gov/ccms/CMSN-homepage.html.

  19. XG Sciences, ORNL partner on titanium-graphene composite materials...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    XG Sciences, ORNL partner on titaniumgraphene composite materials January 01, 2013 Titaniumgraphene composite specimens prepared for flash thermal diffusivity measurement....

  20. Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry UCLA Chemistry, Biochemistry & Chemistry Material Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Alex J.

    Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry UCLA Chemistry, Biochemistry & Chemistry Material Science ...........................................................................................................................................4 Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Office..............................................................................................6 Majors in Chemistry & Biochemistry

  1. Biomimetic Oculomotor Control 1 TOMOHIRO SHIBATA, 12 SETHU VIJAYAKUMAR, 3 J

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijayakumar, Sethu

    Title | Biomimetic Oculomotor Control Authors | 1 TOMOHIRO SHIBATA, 12 SETHU VIJAYAKUMAR, 3 J  ORG of Neuroinformatics, University/ETH Zurich Postal Addresses of Authors | 1 Japan Science and Technology Corporation 2

  2. Chemistry and materials science research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-31

    The research reported here in summary form was conducted under the auspices of Weapons-Supporting Research (WSR) and Institutional Research and Development (IR D). The period covered is the first half of FY90. The results reported here are for work in progress; thus, they may be preliminary, fragmentary, or incomplete. Research in the following areas are briefly described: energetic materials, tritium, high-Tc superconductors, interfaces, adhesion, bonding, fundamental aspects of metal processing, plutonium, synchrotron-radiation-based materials science, photocatalysis on doped aerogels, laser-induced chemistry, laser-produced molecular plasmas, chemistry of defects, dta equipment development, electronic structure study of the thermodynamic and mechanical properties of Al-Li Alloys, and the structure-property link in sub-nanometer materials.

  3. Progress Materials Science Phase-field method and Materials Genome Initiative (MGI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    Progress Materials Science Phase-field method and Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) Long-Qing Chen evolution within a material are considered as the ``holy grail'' of materials science and engineering. Many impor- tant engineering materials are designed by controlling their phase transformations

  4. Peter W. Voorhees Department of Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shkel, Andrei M.

    Fellow, Materials Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York., summer 1982, 1984 Instructor, Materials Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New YorkPeter W. Voorhees Department of Materials Science and Engineering Northwestern University Evanston

  5. SC e-journals, Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLEDSpeeding FINAL2-4260Earth Sciences ActaMaterials

  6. Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By Sarah Schlieder *8 Materials Science in Radiation

  7. Materials Science: the science of everything | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By Sarah Schlieder *8 Materials Science in

  8. Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science College of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to expand the student's knowledge of engineering principles and applications. Each student also conductsDepartment of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science College of Engineering Michigan State of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degree

  9. Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angus Rockett

    2008-12-01

    At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

  10. School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy Materials Science &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy Materials Science & Engineering Minor Requirements Why? Engineering or science majors who choose to minor in materials will enhance their education and increase their job opportunities by learning how to design, process, and select the best materials for any

  11. Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, FY 1994. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research include surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, etc. The laboratory directed R and D include director`s initiatives, individual projects, and transactinium science studies.

  12. Division of Materials Science (DMS) meeting presentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cline, C.F.; Weber, M.J.

    1982-11-08

    Materials preparation techniques are listed. Materials preparation capabilities are discussed for making BeF/sub 2/ glasses and other materials. Materials characterization techniques are listed. (DLC)

  13. Biomimetic Mineralization: Mesoporous Biological mineral synthesis, in contrast to conven-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomimetic Mineralization: Mesoporous Structures Biological mineral synthesis, in contrast of mineral crystals. Mesophases are materials which have domain length scales of the order of a few as a molecular blueprint for the site- directed formation of the inorganic phase, by providing an interface

  14. Alamos National Laboratory] Materials Science(36) Abstract Not...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Co-Design at the Mesoscale: Opportunities for NSLS-II Sarrao, John L. Los Alamos National Laboratory Materials Science(36) Abstract Not Provided Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  15. Sandia Energy - Materials Science and Engineering Support for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science and Engineering Support for Microsystems-Enabled Photovoltaic Grand Challenge Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Project Home Renewable Energy Energy...

  16. Sensing bending in a compliant biomimetic fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaczmarek, Adam S

    2006-01-01

    This thesis examines the problem of sensing motion in a compliant biomimetic device. Specifically, it will examine the motion of a tail in a biomimetic fish. To date, the fish has been an open-loop system, the motion of ...

  17. Chemistry and materials science progress report, FY 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    Research is reported in the areas of surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, transactinide materials and properties and other indirectly related areas of weapons research.

  18. Vidvuds Ozolins: Department of Materials Science and Engineering...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Materials Science and Engineering UCLA & Director of DOE EFRC Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials Nov 13, 2013 | 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM Vidvuds Ozolins Professor, Department of...

  19. Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the...

  20. Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Nano Materials Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogawa, Mizuhito

    started in April 2002 as a renewal of the former Center for New Materials originally established as oneJapan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Nano Materials Technology (Lecture) Course Center for Nano Materials and Technology #12;The Center for Nano Materials and Technology (CNMT) has

  1. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    This report describes research conducted at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, programs are discussed in the following topics: materials sciences; chemical sciences; fossil energy; energy storage systems; health and environmental sciences; exploratory research and development funds; and work for others. A total of fifty eight programs are briefly presented. References, figures, and tables are included where appropriate with each program.

  2. Materials Science and Engineering 10-01-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    UCSD Materials Science and Engineering Handbook 2015-2016 #12;10-01-2015 Requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. Degree I. Completion of Materials Science and Engineering Program M.S. Degree requirements courses to complete the thirty-six unit requirement for the MS degree may be selected from an approved

  3. Bayer Material Science (TRL 1 2 3 System)- River Devices to Recover Energy with Advanced Materials(River DREAM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bayer Material Science (TRL 1 2 3 System) - River Devices to Recover Energy with Advanced Materials(River DREAM)

  4. Materials Science and Engineering A 527 (2010) 62706282 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    2010-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A 527 (2010) 6270­6282 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Materials Science and Engineering A journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/msea Multi-scale pore morphology in directed vapor deposited yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings D.D. Hassa, , H. Zhaoa , T

  5. S09 Symposium KK, Structure-Property Relationships in Biomineralized and Biomimetic Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Kisailus; Lara Estroff; Himadri S. Gupta; William J. Landis; Pablo D. Zavattieri

    2010-06-07

    The technical presentations and discussions at this symposium disseminated and assessed current research and defined future directions in biomaterials research, with a focus on structure-function relationships in biological and biomimetic composites. The invited and contributed talks covered a diverse range of topics from fundamental biology, physics, chemistry, and materials science to potential applications in developing areas such as light-weight composites, multifunctional and smart materials, biomedical engineering, and nanoscaled sensors. The invited speakers were chosen to create a stimulating program with a mixture of established and junior faculty, industrial and academic researchers, and American and international experts in the field. This symposium served as an excellent introduction to the area for younger scientists (graduate students and post-doctoral researchers). Direct interactions between participants also helped to promote potential future collaborations involving multiple disciplines and institutions.

  6. Graphene: from materials science to particle physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joaquķn E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

    2010-11-02

    Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

  7. MULTISCALE PHENOMENA IN MATERIALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. BISHOP

    2000-09-01

    This project developed and supported a technology base in nonequilibrium phenomena underpinning fundamental issues in condensed matter and materials science, and applied this technology to selected problems. In this way the increasingly sophisticated synthesis and characterization available for classes of complex electronic and structural materials provided a testbed for nonlinear science, while nonlinear and nonequilibrium techniques helped advance our understanding of the scientific principles underlying the control of material microstructure, their evolution, fundamental to macroscopic functionalities. The project focused on overlapping areas of emerging thrusts and programs in the Los Alamos materials community for which nonlinear and nonequilibrium approaches will have decisive roles and where productive teamwork among elements of modeling, simulations, synthesis, characterization and applications could be anticipated--particularly multiscale and nonequilibrium phenomena, and complex matter in and between fields of soft, hard and biomimetic materials. Principal topics were: (i) Complex organic and inorganic electronic materials, including hard, soft and biomimetic materials, self-assembly processes and photophysics; (ii) Microstructure and evolution in multiscale and hierarchical materials, including dynamic fracture and friction, dislocation and large-scale deformation, metastability, and inhomogeneity; and (iii) Equilibrium and nonequilibrium phases and phase transformations, emphasizing competing interactions, frustration, landscapes, glassy and stochastic dynamics, and energy focusing.

  8. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 2851 2863 A crystal plasticity materials constitutive model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2001-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 2851­ 2863 A crystal plasticity materials constitutive model using a three-dimensional, isothermal, rate-dependent, large-strain, crystal-plasticity based materials in the crystal-plasticity materials constitutive relations are assessed using the available experimental

  9. 2004 research briefs :Materials and Process Sciences Center.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cieslak, Michael J.

    2004-01-01

    This report is the latest in a continuing series that highlights the recent technical accomplishments associated with the work being performed within the Materials and Process Sciences Center. Our research and development activities primarily address the materials-engineering needs of Sandia's Nuclear-Weapons (NW) program. In addition, we have significant efforts that support programs managed by the other laboratory business units. Our wide range of activities occurs within six thematic areas: Materials Aging and Reliability, Scientifically Engineered Materials, Materials Processing, Materials Characterization, Materials for Microsystems, and Materials Modeling and Simulation. We believe these highlights collectively demonstrate the importance that a strong materials-science base has on the ultimate success of the NW program and the overall DOE technology portfolio.

  10. Sports and Materials Science Course outline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    and cast aluminium engines have all contributed to lighter cars, increased fuel efficiency and increased metallic alloys, materials selection and design. The final year project in the materials half

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in nanostructured materials. Fieldstechniques include scanning probe microscopy, neutron scattering, optical spectroscopy and soft-matter electron and helium ion...

  12. Experimental Possibilities in Material Science enabled by FEL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experimental Possibilities in Material Science enabled by FEL Sources Wednesday, July 1, 2015 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: Joerg Hallmann, XFEL Program...

  13. DOE-EERE/NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science for Applications in Energy The Hydrogen Storage Subprogram of the U.S. Department of Energy co-hosted with the NIST...

  14. 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzari, Nicola

    This subject describes the fundamentals of bonding, energetics, and structure that underpin materials science. From electrons to silicon to DNA: the role of electronic bonding in determining the energy, structure, and ...

  15. DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Mechanical Science Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of mechanical components and mechanical science. The handbook includes information on diesel engines, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, and miscellaneous mechanical components. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the construction and operation of mechanical components that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  16. Metallurgy:Metallurgical Science:Materials Science & Technology...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metallurgy (MST-6) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE: Matter-Radiation Interactions in...

  17. Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating...

  18. Chemical and Materials Sciences Building | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    modern laboratory and office space for ORNL researchers who are studying and developing materials and chemical processes for energy-related technologies, including advanced...

  19. Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating...

  20. The Natural Materials Browser: Using a Tablet Interface for Exploring Volumetric Materials Science Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    The Natural Materials Browser: Using a Tablet Interface for Exploring Volumetric Materials Science, that allows a user to interact with volumetric datasets cre- ated from a series of natural materials samples. The data samples ­ high resolution meso-scale volumetric images of nutshells gath- ered via micro

  1. Material Science and Technology Division Propulsion Materials Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    of Energy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Vehicle Technologies by UT-Battelle, LLC for the Department of Energy Under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;CONTENTS Project for Control of Exhaust Gases and Energy Recovery Systems Agreement 9130 - Development of Materials Analysis

  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering Program Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    on developing and processing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites with improved properties. The activities, to the design, development, processing and recycling of materials for use in aerospace, transportation, engineering polymers, and advanced composites. The School of Materials Science and Engineering is in a good

  3. The Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    The Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials Chemistry and Biochemistry alumni materials sent to CBC alumni and friends. The CBC@UA icon conveys two messag- es as we build on our at UA! Second, because of advances in electronic technology and information systems, our CBC alumni

  4. Thomas A. Maier Computational Materials Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Physics, APS Journals (Physical Review B and Physical Review Let-ters), IOP Journals (EPL) and Journal@ornl.gov Publications Education University of Regensburg, Germany Physics Diploma, 1997 University of Regensburg, Germany Physics Ph.D., 2001 Professional Experience 2010-present Senior Research Staff, Computer Science

  5. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells Print Pressing energy problems provide opportunities for solid-state physicists and chemists to solve a major challenge: solar cell...

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Conference 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Use the convenient web-fillable form. UPLOADING YOUR VIDEO. Maximum upload size is 2 gig. If your material exceeds 2 gig, please consider another video format or simply mail us...

  7. "The Future of Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    with increased wear characteristics · Additive Manufacturing Processing speed, material strength, verification&D is limited and traditionally provided by device manufacturers · Technology adapted from other industries tools Opportunities #12;· Manufacturing Time and Process Step Reduction Patient digitizer to definitive

  8. FWP executive summaries, Basic Energy Sciences Materials Sciences Programs (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samara, G.A.

    1997-05-01

    The BES Materials Sciences Program has the central theme of Scientifically Tailored Materials. The major objective of this program is to combine Sandia`s expertise and capabilities in the areas of solid state sciences, advanced atomic-level diagnostics and materials synthesis and processing science to produce new classes of tailored materials as well as to enhance the properties of existing materials for US energy applications and for critical defense needs. Current core research in this program includes the physics and chemistry of ceramics synthesis and processing, the use of energetic particles for the synthesis and study of materials, tailored surfaces and interfaces for materials applications, chemical vapor deposition sciences, artificially-structured semiconductor materials science, advanced growth techniques for improved semiconductor structures, transport in unconventional solids, atomic-level science of interfacial adhesion, high-temperature superconductors, and the synthesis and processing of nano-size clusters for energy applications. In addition, the program includes the following three smaller efforts initiated in the past two years: (1) Wetting and Flow of Liquid Metals and Amorphous Ceramics at Solid Interfaces, (2) Field-Structured Anisotropic Composites, and (3) Composition-Modulated Semiconductor Structures for Photovoltaic and Optical Technologies. The latter is a joint effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Separate summaries are given of individual research areas.

  9. Journal of Materials Education Vol. 33 (3-4): 141 -148 (2011) INTEGRATION OF MATERIALS SCIENCE IN THE EDUCATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    2011-01-01

    , Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea; and Laboratory of Advanced Materials & OptimizedJournal of Materials Education Vol. 33 (3-4): 141 - 148 (2011) INTEGRATION OF MATERIALS SCIENCE Materials (LAPOM), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of North Texas, 3940 North

  10. Materials Science: the science of everything | Y-12 National Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterialsMSTComplex

  11. NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Materials Science Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof EnergyY-12Working withPhoto of1855JohnScience Staff The

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)GeothermalFuelInnovationScience &Institute Programs

  13. MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 1, Introduction 1 Spring 2010 MSE 209 -Section 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    person. · Age of Advanced materials: throughout the Iron Age many new types of materials have beenMSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 1, Introduction 1 Spring 2010 MSE 209 - Section: Introduction to the Science and Engineering of Materials #12;MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science

  14. MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 1, Introduction 1 Spring 2010 MSE 209 -Section 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    person. · Age of Advanced materials: throughout the Iron Age many new types of materials have been1 MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 1, Introduction 1 Spring 2010 MSE 209: Introduction to the Science and Engineering of Materials MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 1

  15. Sandia Energy - Materials Sciences and Engineering

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygenLaboratory Fellows Jerry Simmons Is OneMaterials

  16. the Department of Energy, Division of Materials Science and Division of Chemical Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rappe, Andrew M.

    grant. J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 6466-6469 Supplementary Material Available: Figures showing raw EX6466 the Department of Energy, Division of Materials Science and Division of Chemical Sciences

  17. Math100: Introduction to the Profession Mathematics and Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fasshauer, Greg

    of Applied Mathematics Illinois Institute of Technology #12;Mathematics Materials Science -- Numbers growth Snowcrystals.com #12;What did you observe: ice crystal symmetry Ice, Ih, the normal form, has to the surrounding vapor (latent heat) #12;A Growth Sequence Ā·!Growth is limited by rate of diffusion of water

  18. Materials Science and Engineering B 127 (2006) 9197 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Timothy J.

    2006-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering B 127 (2006) 91­97 Short communication Oxynitride mediated epitaxy of gallium nitride on silicon(1 1 1) substrates in a merged hydride/metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy system M.A. Mastro, O.M. Kryliouk, T.J. Anderson Department of Chemical Engineering, University

  19. MATERIALS SCIENCE AS A VEHICLE FOR TEACHING MAINSTREAM CHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoway, Donald Robert

    MATERIALS SCIENCE AS A VEHICLE FOR TEACHING MAINSTREAM CHEMISTRY Donald R. Sadoway Department taught one of the subjects that satisfies the freshman chemistry requirement at MIT: Introduction to Solid State Chemistry (MIT subject number 3.091). This subject teaches basic principles of chemistry

  20. Georgia Institute of Technology School of Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Georgia Institute of Technology School of Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Policy and Committee Handbook #12;Introduction The purpose of this handbook is to document the MSE School's policies. The committee will function as the faculty-elected entity for down-selecting committee members (and chairs

  1. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    /EC 573 Solar Energy Systems ME 779 Solid State Ionics and Electrochemistry MS/ME 781 Electroceramics for Energy and Environment MS/ME 527 Trans. Phenomena in Matls Processing MS/ME 532 Atomic StructureBoston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering MS Program

  2. University of Connecticut MRS University Chapter Institute of Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    University of Connecticut MRS University Chapter Institute of Materials Science 97 N. Eagleville for the University of Connecticut MRS University Chapter for 2007 ­ 2008. As this is our first year as a chapter, weGuinness Garofano President, UConn MRS University Chapter #12;University of Connecticut MRS University Chapter

  3. Basic science research to support the nuclear material focus area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Eller, P. Gary; Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.

    2002-01-01

    The Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

  4. Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

    2002-02-26

    The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

  5. Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate 2005 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz De La Rubia, T; Fluss, M J; Rath, K; Rennie, G; Shang, S; Kitrinos, G

    2006-08-08

    In 1952, we began laboratory operations in the barracks building of the Naval Air Station with approximately 50 employees. Today, the Chemistry and Materials Science (CMS) Directorate is a major organization at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with more than 500 employees who continue to contribute to our evolving national security mission. For more than half a century, the mission of the Laboratory revolved primarily around nuclear deterrence and associated defense technologies. Today, Livermore supports a broad-based national security mission, and our specialized capabilities increasingly support emerging missions in human health and energy security. In the future, CMS will play a significantly expanded role in science and technology at the intersection of national security, energy and environment, and health. Our world-class workforce will provide the science and technology base for radically innovative materials to our programs and sponsors. Our 2005 Annual Report describes how our successes and breakthroughs follow a path set forward by our strategic plan and four organizing research themes, each with key scientific accomplishments by our staff and collaborators. Organized into two major sections-research themes and dynamic teams, this report focuses on achievements arising from earlier investments that address future challenges. The research presented in this annual report gives substantive examples of how we are proceeding in each of these four theme areas and how they are aligned with our national security mission. Research Themes: (1) Materials Properties and Performance under Extreme Conditions--We are developing ultrahard nanocrystalline metals, exploring the properties of nanotubes when exposed to very high temperatures, and engineering stronger materials to meet future needs for materials that can withstand extreme conditions. (2) Chemistry under Extreme Conditions and Chemical Engineering to Support National-Security Programs--Our recent discovery of a new source of coherent light adds a new tool to an array of methods we use to more fully understand the properties of materials. Insights into the early stages of polymer crystallization may lead to new materials for our national-security mission and private industry. (3) Science Supporting National Objectives at the Intersection of Chemistry, Materials Science, and Biology--We are improving drug binding for cancer treatment through the use of new tools that are helping us characterize protein-antibody interactions. By probing proteins and nucleic acids, we may gain an understanding of Alzheimer's, Mad Cow, and other neurodegenerative diseases. (4) Applied Nuclear Science for Human Health and National Security--Our work with cyanobacteria is leading to a fuller understanding of how these microorganisms affect the global carbon cycle. We are also developing new ways to reduce nuclear threats with better radiation detectors. Dynamic Teams: The dynamic teams section illustrates the directorate's organizational structure that supports a team environment across disciplinary and institutional boundaries. Our three divisions maintain a close relationship with Laboratory programs, working with directorate and program leaders to ensure an effective response to programmatic needs. CMS's divisions are responsible for line management and leadership, and together, provide us with the flexibility and agility to respond to change and meet program milestones. The three divisions are: Materials Science and Technology Division; Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Division; and Chemical Biology and Nuclear Science Division. By maintaining an organizational structure that offers an environment of collaborative problem-solving opportunities, we are able to nurture the discoveries and breakthroughs required for future successes. The dynamic teams section also presents the work of CMS's postdoctoral fellows, who bring to the Laboratory many of the most recent advances taking place in academic departments and provide a research stimulus to established research teams. Postdo

  6. Faculty and Instructional Staff in the UW-Madison Department of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    , Engineering Physics and Materials Science & Engineering Materials for nuclear energy system, fission reactors: photovoltaic solar cells, organic light emitting diodes; materials for alternative energy and energy storage synthesis and characterization, electronic and semiconductor materials, solar energy and photovoltaics

  7. Small angle neutron scattering in materials science: Recent practical applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Wignall, George D [ORNL

    2007-01-01

    Modern materials science and engineering relies increasingly on detailed knowledge of the structure and interactions in 'soft' and 'hard' materials, but there have been surprisingly few microscopic techniques for probing the structures of bulk samples of these substances. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) was first recognized in Europe as a major technique for this purpose and, over the past several decades, has been a growth area in both academic and industrial materials research to provide structural information on length scales {approx}10-1000 Angstroms (or 1-100 nm). The technique of ultrahigh resolution small-angle neutron scattering (USANS) raises the upper resolution limit for structural studies by more than two orders of magnitude and (up to {approx}30 {micro}m) and hence overlaps with light scattering and microscopy. This review illustrates the ongoing vitality of SANS and USANS in materials research via a range of current practical applications from both soft and hard matter nanostructured systems.

  8. A batch fabricated biomimetic dry adhesive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northen, Michael T; Turner, K L

    2005-01-01

    nano-structures as dry adhesives J. Adhesion Sci. Technol.al 2003 Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hairfabricated biomimetic dry adhesive Michael T Northen 1,3 and

  9. Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland ENMA of materials as performed in the semiconductor industry for integrated circuit fabrication. The student

  10. Theory and Applications of NMR to Problems in Material Science and Analytical Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Arun

    2010-01-01

    in the field of analytical chemistry and material science isin Material Science and Analytical Chemistry A Dissertation490. Van Geet, A. L. Analytical Chemistry 1970, 42, 679-680.

  11. Version 5.1 (17 April 2015) School of Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    of Technology Graduate Student Handbook 2014-15 #12;Graduate Handbook, School of Materials ScienceVersion 5.1 (17 April 2015) School of Materials Science and Engineering Georgia Institute ........................................................................................................... 19 D.6. M.S. THESIS TOPIC SELECTION

  12. A novel biomimetic approach to the design of high-performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    , ceramic­metal composites are ideal candi- dates. In particular, ceramic-matrix composites (CMCsA novel biomimetic approach to the design of high-performance ceramic­metal composites Maximilien E of extending natural biological design to develop new synthetic ceramic­ metal composite materials is examined

  13. Biomimetic materials for protein storage and transport

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Firestone, Millicent A. (Elmhurst, IL); Laible, Philip D. (Villa Park, IL)

    2012-05-01

    The invention provides a method for the insertion of protein in storage vehicles and the recovery of the proteins from the vehicles, the method comprising supplying isolated protein; mixing the isolated protein with a fluid so as to form a mixture, the fluid comprising saturated phospholipids, lipopolymers, and a surfactant; cycling the mixture between a first temperature and a second temperature; maintaining the mixture as a solid for an indefinite period of time; diluting the mixture in detergent buffer so as to disrupt the composition of the mixture, and diluting to disrupt the fluid in its low viscosity state for removal of the guest molecules by, for example, dialysis, filtering or chromatography dialyzing/filtering the emulsified solid.

  14. Living in a Materials World: Materials Science Engineering Professional Development for K-12 Educators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anne Seifert; Louis Nadelson

    2011-06-01

    Advances in materials science are fundamental to technological developments and have broad societal impacs. For example, a cellular phone is composed of a polymer case, liquid crystal displays, LEDs, silicon chips, Ni-Cd batteries, resistors, capacitors, speakers, microphones all of which have required advances in materials science to be compacted into a phone which is typically smaller than a deck of cards. Like many technological developments, cellular phones have become a ubiquitous part of society, and yet most people know little about the materials science associated with their manufacture. The probable condition of constrained knowledge of materials science was the motivation for developing and offering a 20 hour fourday course called 'Living in a Materials World.' In addition, materials science provides a connection between our every day experiences and the work of scientists and engineers. The course was offered as part of a larger K-12 teacher professional development project and was a component of a week-long summer institute designed specifically for upper elementary and middle school teachers which included 20 hour content strands, and 12 hours of plenary sessions, planning, and collaborative sharing. The focus of the institute was on enhancing teacher content knowledge in STEM, their capacity for teaching using inquiry, their comfort and positive attitudes toward teaching STEM, their knowledge of how people learn, and strategies for integrating STEM throughout the curriculum. In addition to the summer institute the participating teachers were provided with a kit of about $300 worth of materials and equipment to use to implement the content they learned in their classrooms. As part of this professional development project the participants were required to design and implement 5 lesson plans with their students this fall and report on the results, as part of the continuing education course associated with the project. 'Living in a Materials World' was one of the fifteen content strands offered at the institute. The summer institute participants were pre/post tested on their comfort with STEM, their perceptions of STEM education, their pedagogical discontentment, their implementations of inquiry, their attitudes toward student learning of STEM, and their content knowledge associated with their specific content strand. The results from our research indicate a significant increase in content knowledge (t = 11.36, p < .01) for the Living in a Materials World strand participants. Overall the summer institute participants were found to have significant increases in their comfort levels for teaching STEM (t = 10.94, p < .01), in inquiry implementation (t = 5.72, p < .01) and efficacy for teaching STEM (t = 6.27, p < .01) and significant decrease in pedagogical discontentment (t = -6.26, p < .01).

  15. Biomimetic processing of oriented crystalline ceramic layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cesarano, J.; Shelnutt, J.A.

    1997-10-01

    The aim of this project was to develop the capabilities for Sandia to fabricate self assembled Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of various materials and to exploit their two-dimensional crystalline structure to promote the growth of oriented thin films of inorganic materials at room temperature. This includes the design and synthesis of Langmuir-active (amphiphilic) organic molecules with end groups offering high nucleation potential for various ceramics. A longer range goal is that of understanding the underlying principles, making it feasible to use the techniques presented in this report to fabricate unique oriented films of various materials for electronic, sensor, and membrane applications. Therefore, whenever possible, work completed in this report was completed with the intention of addressing the fundamental phenomena underlying the growth of crystalline, inorganic films on template layers of highly organized organic molecules. This problem was inspired by biological processes, which often produce exquisitely engineered structures via templated growth on polymeric layers. Seashells, for example, exhibit great toughness owing to their fine brick-and-mortar structure that results from templated growth of calcium carbonate on top of layers of ordered organic proteins. A key goal in this work, therefore, is to demonstrate a positive correlation between the order and orientation of the template layer and that of the crystalline ceramic material grown upon it. The work completed was comprised of several parallel efforts that encompassed the entire spectrum of biomimetic growth from solution. Studies were completed on seashells and the mechanisms of growth for calcium carbonate. Studies were completed on the characterization of LB films and the capability developed for the in-house fabrication of these films. Standard films of fatty acids were studied as well as novel polypeptides and porphyrins that were synthesized.

  16. Maneuverability and heading control of compliant biomimetic swimming devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumdar, Anirban

    2007-01-01

    Biomimetic swimming devices that employ compliant mechanisms have shown promise as an alternative to current biomimetic design approaches that involve the use of complex mechanisms. The additional stealth, ruggedness, and ...

  17. POLYMER PROGRAM SEMINAR "Electromechanics of Biomimetic Bilayer Membranes"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    and experimental work on the dynamics of biomimetic membranes (bilayers assembled from lipids or polymersPOLYMER PROGRAM SEMINAR "Electromechanics of Biomimetic Bilayer Membranes" Prof. Petia Vlahovska in the embedding electrolyte solutions destabilize the interface. However, the capacitive charging acts

  18. Materials Science and Engineering BS, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Materials Science and Engineering BS, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits or ECE 210 3 ENGR 245, 245L Intro to Materials Science & Engineering & Lab 4 MATH 175 Calculus II 4 MATH Engineering Statistics 3 CID MSE 215 Materials Processing 3 MSE 305 Structure of Materials 3 MSE 308

  19. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties Mechanical Properties of Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties Mechanical Properties, variability of material properties (starting from the middle of page 174) #12;2MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties To understand and describe how materials deform (elongate

  20. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties Mechanical Properties of Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    1 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties Mechanical, variability of material properties (starting from the middle of page 174) 2MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 6, Mechanical Properties To understand and describe how materials deform (elongate

  1. Chemistry and Materials Science Department annual report, 1988--1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, R.J.; Sugihara, T.T.; Cherniak, J.C.; Corey, C.W.

    1989-12-31

    This is the first annual report of the Chemistry & Materials Science (C&MS) Department. The principal purpose of this report is to provide a concise summary of our scientific and technical accomplishments for fiscal years 1988 and 1989. The report is also tended to become part of the archival record of the Department`s activities. We plan to publish future editions annually. The activities of the Department can be divided into three broad categories. First, C&MS staff are assigned by the matrix system to work directly in a program. These programmatic assignments typically involve short deadlines and critical time schedules. A second category is longer-term research and development in technologies important to Laboratory programs. The focus and direction of this technology-base work are generally determined by programmatic needs. Finally, the Department manages its own research program, mostly long-range in outlook and basic in orientation. These three categories are not mutually exclusive but form a continuum of technical activities. Representative examples of all three are included in this report. The principal subject matter of this report has been divided into six sections: Innovations in Analysis and Characterization, Advanced Materials, Metallurgical Science and Technology, Surfaces and Interfaces, Energetic Materials and Chemical Synthesis, and Energy-Related Research and Development.

  2. Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang; Yang, Zhenguo; Lemmon, John P.; Imhoff, Carl H.; Graff, Gordon L.; Li, Liyu; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Chong M.; Xiao, Jie; Xia, Guanguang; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Baskaran, Suresh; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Li, Xiaolin; Shao, Yuyan; Schwenzer, Birgit

    2013-02-15

    Large-scale electrical energy storage has become more important than ever for reducing fossil energy consumption in transportation and for the widespread deployment of intermittent renewable energy in electric grid. However, significant challenges exist for its applications. Here, the status and challenges are reviewed from the perspective of materials science and materials chemistry in electrochemical energy storage technologies, such as Li-ion batteries, sodium (sulfur and metal halide) batteries, Pb-acid battery, redox flow batteries, and supercapacitors. Perspectives and approaches are introduced for emerging battery designs and new chemistry combinations to reduce the cost of energy storage devices.

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science: Video Gallery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque AlbuquerqueCybernetics: PerceptionMaterials Science

  4. CURRICULUM VITAE PhD in Materials Science and Technology, February 2005 July 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gizeli, Electra

    -Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany Materials Science and Technology Department, University.10.2006 For: `Analytical Methods in the Development of Science and Technology of Polymers' Max PlanckCURRICULUM VITAE EDUCATION PhD in Materials Science and Technology, February 2005 ­ July 2008 Max

  5. Materials Sciences Programs. Fiscal Year 1980, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    This report provides a convenient compilation index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs. This compilation is intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research and as an aid in selecting new programs and is divided into Sections A and B, listing all the projects, Section C, a summary of funding levels, and Section D, an index (the investigator index is in two parts - laboratory and contract research).

  6. Materials Science and Engineering BS, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2015-2016

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Materials Science and Engineering BS, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course 130 3-4 ENGR 210 Engineering Statics 3 ENGR 240 or ECE 210 3 ENGR 245, 245L Intro to Materials Science Equations with Matrix Theory 4 MATH 360 Engineering Statistics 3 CID MSE 215 Materials Processing 3 MSE 305

  7. Microhardness Testing -Mitutoyo University of Saskatchewan -Mechanical Engineering -Materials Science and Metallurgy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Microhardness Testing - Mitutoyo University of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering - Materials of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering - Materials Science and Metallurgy ID: Mat0017 Rev: 002 Date: Nov. 8 of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering - Materials Science and Metallurgy ID: Mat0017 Rev: 002 Date: Nov. 8

  8. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Electrical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Electrical properties Electrical conduction · How many moveable electrons are there in a material (carrier density to Materials Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Basic laws and electrical properties of metals (I

  9. Draft Workshop Report: 30 June 2004 Workshop on Advanced Computational Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gropp, Bill

    Summary The Workshop on Advanced Computational Materials Science: Application to Fusion and Generation IV and fission (Generation IV) reactors represents a significant challenge in materials science. There is a range power plants represent an even greater challenge to structural materials development and application

  10. Chemistry {ampersand} Materials Science progress report summary of selected research and development topics, FY97

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newkirk, L.

    1997-12-01

    This report contains summaries of research performed in the Chemistry and Materials Science division. Topics include Metals and Ceramics, High Explosives, Organic Synthesis, Instrument Development, and other topics.

  11. Energy Materials and Processes, An EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burk, Linda H.

    2014-12-16

    The report summarizes discussions at the Energy Materials and Process EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop held July 7-8, 2014.

  12. Rajendran, N. 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ACI Committee 229 Rajendran, N. 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; FLY ASH; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION; BACKFILLING; THERMAL...

  13. MATERIALS SCIENCE STUDIES Advisory Committee: Professors: AALBERTS*, S. BOLTON*, KARABINOS, D. LYNCH, L. PARK*, STRAIT. Associate Professors: S. GOH.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoiciu, Mihai

    MATERIALS SCIENCE STUDIES Advisory Committee: Professors: AALBERTS*, S. BOLTON*, KARABINOS, D. LYNCH, L. PARK*, STRAIT. Associate Professors: S. GOH. Assistant Professor: LOPES. Materials Science the properties of materials such as plastics, semiconductors, metals, liquid crystals, and biomaterials. Williams

  14. Methodology Water Harvesting Measurements with Biomimetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    Methodology Water Harvesting Measurements with Biomimetic Surfaces Zi Jun Wang and Prof. Anne parameters that affect the water harvesting efficiencies of different surfaces · Optimize the experimental Objectives Water is one of the most essential natural resources. The easy accessibility of water

  15. Journal of Hazardous Materials 192 (2011) 16161622 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 192 (2011) 1616­1622 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Effects of dissolved

  16. Journal of Hazardous Materials 175 (2010) 872882 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    2010-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 175 (2010) 872­882 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Model for a solid­liquid stirred tank

  17. Journal of Hazardous Materials 191 (2011) 190195 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 191 (2011) 190­195 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Treatment of substituted phenol

  18. Charpy Impact Testing University of Saskatchewan -Mechanical Engineering -Materials Science and Metallurgy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Charpy Impact Testing University of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering - Materials Science .......................................................................................................6 R eference O nly #12;Charpy Impact Testing University of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering eference O nly #12;Charpy Impact Testing University of Saskatchewan - Mechanical Engineering - Materials

  19. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science and Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    governments, and industries. The new Division of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) graduate program: Biomaterials, Materials for Energy and the Environment, Electronic and Photonic Materials, and Nanomaterials the goal of designing new materials from basic principles and elements to fulfill particular application

  20. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Electrical properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    1 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Electrical properties Electrical conduction · How many moveable electrons are there in a material (carrier density Science Chapter 18, Electrical Conductivity Basic laws and electrical properties of metals (I) When

  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering Program Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    , ceramics, polymers and composites with improved properties. The activities of the materials engineer range, development, processing and recycling of materials for use in aerospace, transportation, electronics, energy methods, advanced surface coatings, biomedical materials, electrical ceramics, engineering polymers

  2. 2/18/2015 2014 MSEA Journal Prize Winner Announced -Materials Science and Engineering: A -Elsevier http://www.journals.elsevier.com/materials-science-and-engineering-a/news/2014-msea-journal-prize-winner-announced/ 1/2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    2/18/2015 2014 MSEA Journal Prize Winner Announced - Materials Science and Engineering: A - Elsevier http://www.journals.elsevier.com/materials-science-and-engineering-a/news/2014-msea-journal-prize-winner-announced/ 1/2 Materials Science and Engineering: A 2014 MSEA Journal Prize Winner Announced We are delighted

  3. Review on the EFDA programme on tungsten materials technology and science M. Rieth a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordlund, Kai

    material optimization, and irradiation performance testing, which are complemented by a funda- mentalReview on the EFDA programme on tungsten materials technology and science M. Rieth a, , J Karlsruhe, Institute for Materials Research, Karlsruhe, Germany b EFDA-Close Support Unit, Garching, Germany

  4. Materials Science at Oxford is an interdisciplinary subject that makes use of knowledge from Physics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    it is made, they develop new or improved materials to meet engineering specifications, and they devise for telecommunications, semiconductors and other materials for photovoltaic energy generation, and silicon microchipsMaterials Science at Oxford is an interdisciplinary subject that makes use of knowledge from

  5. Polymers and Coatings:Materials Science & Technology, MST-7:...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    polymer sample Applied Polymer Research scintillator Characterization and Forensics aerogels Fundamental Polymer Research hipjoint Surface Science and Coatings white light Target...

  6. Embedded Sensors for Biomimetic Robotics via Shape Deposition Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    Embedded Sensors for Biomimetic Robotics via Shape Deposition Manufacturing Aaron M. Dollar-inspired design has been the development of mechanically robust robots. One promising biomimetic facbrication to produce robot structures with compliant joints and embedded actuation elements. In this paper, we add

  7. A Miniature Biomimetic Robotic Fish and Its Realtime Path Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Miniature Biomimetic Robotic Fish and Its Realtime Path Planning Chao Zhou, Zhiqiang Cao, Shuo a novel miniature biomimetic robotic fish based on single link with compact structure, high maneuverability and multiple sensors. The robotic fish mimics the motion of Thunniform mode, and the methods

  8. Imaging and Nanoscale Characterization Group Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    , Department of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, USA. 2008 Session Chair, APS March meeting of Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China Solid State Physics M.S., 1991 Peking University, China Condensed Matter Physics Ph.D., 1997 Professional Experience 2002­present Research Scientist, Oak

  9. Postdoctoral Research Associate Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    frameworks for designing new materials with desired properties. The underlying goal is to understand, predict of energy storage systems. #12;3. Catalysis properties of low-dimensional materials: Most of the catalysts structures. New "unconventional" materials at extreme conditions (high pressure and temperature) and alloys

  10. A Materials Science Driven Pattern Generation Solution to Fracturing Computer Generated Glass for Films and Games 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, David Charles

    2014-08-11

    fracture patterns used for breaking objects apart based on input values, materials science literature, and fracture mechanics. After determining all of the fracture pattern variables such as the number of radial and concentric cracks, the artist is able...

  11. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 77 86 Synthesis of yttria-doped strontium-zirconium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    2001-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 77­ 86 Synthesis of yttria-doped strontium-zirconium oxide zirconium yttrium oxide, SrZr1-x Yx O3-x/2, forms crystallites with perovskite structure, which se

  12. Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

  13. Proceedings of the 27th Ris International Symposium on Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the 27th Risų International Symposium on Materials Science: Polymer Composite requirements of resin infusion and prepregs for Wind Turbine blades manufacture. The new HiPertex technology

  14. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.1200803/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Woodward

    -bed variability and potential vital effects J. Comparison with Cenozoic proxy data and with climate model, and 18 O times series based only on rugose corals Fig. S11: Ice volume versus 18 Owater for different on Science Express DOI: 10.1126/science.1200803 This PDF file includes: Materials and Methods Figs. S1 to S13

  15. Neural Networks and Information in Materials Science H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    REVIEW Neural Networks and Information in Materials Science H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia* Department in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). Abstract: Neural networks have pervaded all aspects 1. INTRODUCTION Neural networks are wonderful tools, which permit the development of quantitative

  16. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 29 (1994) 4135-4151 Bismuth oxide-based solid electrolytes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    1994-01-01

    for fuel cells A. M. AZAD, S. LAROSE, S. A. AKBAR Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio of investigations has been reported pertaining to the science and technology of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based electrolytes based on bismuth sesquioxide for fuel cell applications at moderate tem- peratures. 1

  17. Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd R. Allen

    2011-12-01

    This is a document required by Basic Energy Sciences as part of a mid-term review, in the third year of the five-year award period and is intended to provide a critical assessment of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels (strategic vision, scientific plans and progress, and technical accomplishments).

  18. Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Researcher openings in Computational Mechanics of Materials and Integrated Computational Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Somnath

    .S. or M.S. in Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering, Physics or any 2013 admission to Mechanical or Civil Engineering departments at JHU, and also send their CV and three of Mechanical Engineering Johns Hopkins University 203 Latrobe, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 Tel

  19. Materials Science & Technology, MST: Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for new technologies and specialized hardware; and Providing user-based materials characterization capabilities. MST Groups overview Metallurgy (MST-6) foamvoids Polymers...

  20. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|Bilayer GrapheneW.HelpReport)BiomedicalBiomimetic Dye

  1. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|Bilayer GrapheneW.HelpReport)BiomedicalBiomimetic

  2. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

  3. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSamplerBiologicalTechnologyBiomimetic Dye

  4. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSamplerBiologicalTechnologyBiomimetic

  5. Biomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBerylliumBiomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar Cells

  6. Achieving Transformational Materials Performance in a New Era of Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    John Sarrao

    2010-01-08

    The inability of current materials to meet performance requirements is a key stumbling block for addressing grand challenges in energy and national security. Fortunately, materials research is on the brink of a new era - a transition from observation and validation of materials properties to prediction and control of materials performance. In this talk, I describe the nature of the current challenge, the prospects for success, and a specific facility concept, MaRIE, that will provide the needed capabilities to meet these challenges, especially for materials in extreme environments. MaRIE, for Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes, is Los Alamos' concept to realize this vision of 21st century materials research. This vision will be realized through enhancements to the current LANSCE accelerator, development of a fourth-generation x-ray light source co-located with the proton accelerator, and a comprehensive synthesis and characterization facility focused on controlling complex materials and the defect/structure link to materials performance.

  7. Fusion Materials Science Overview of Challenges and Recent Progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is planning to install 900 GWe of new power by 2020 (will surpass US as leading energy consumer) ­ Nuclear: Development of new materials for structural applications is historically a long process ­ Ni3Al intermetallic for developing new materials #12;All crystalline solids can be described by one of 14 Bravais lattices Cubic

  8. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 35 (2000) 4635 4647 Crystal plasticity analysis of stressassisted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2000-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 35 (2000) 4635­ 4647 Crystal plasticity analysis of stress@ces.clemson.edu A new model based on crystal­plasticity, crystallography, thermodynamics, kinetics and statistics Martensitictransformationisgenerallycharacterizedas a diffusionless, displacive change in materials crystal structure in which both the morphology

  9. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 38 (2003) 307 322 Crystal plasticity-based finite element analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2003-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 38 (2003) 307­ 322 Crystal plasticity-based finite element analysis-dependent, finite-strain, crystal-plasticity based materials constitutive model is used to represent the deformation obtained show that plastic flow localizes into deformation bands even at an overall strain level of only 0

  10. Journal of Hazardous Materials 180 (2010) 662667 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    2010-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 180 (2010) 662­667 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Optimum P levels for arsenic removal Hyperaccumulation Groundwater a b s t r a c t Optimization of arsenic uptake by Pteris vittata may reduce

  11. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 33 (1998) 969 --975 Characterization of yttria-stabilized zirconia thin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?el, Petr

    1998-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 33 (1998) 969 -- 975 Characterization of yttria-stabilized zirconia, phase composition and electrical conductivity of thin yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) films deposited are suitable for the production of such materials. In the present work, electron beam evapor- ation of zirconia

  12. The Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for power generation and energy storage. First, this work formalizes the energy problem and introduces to better semiconductor based #12;thermoelectric materials and ceramics processing techniques to fabricateThe Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Michigan State University Ph

  13. Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland ENMA in teams on projects evaluating a society or industry based materials problem and then design and evaluate: Capstone senior level design course. Students will work in teams to evaluate a society or industry based

  14. Materials Science and Engineering A 528 (2011) 86948699 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubicza, Jenõ

    2011-01-01

    of microstructure in low stacking fault energy silver processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) was studied@metal.elte.hu (J. Gubicza). subsequent storage. Additionally, the very low twin boundary energy in Ag (8 mJ/m2 [11Materials Science and Engineering A 528 (2011) 8694­8699 Contents lists available at Sci

  15. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 2013-2014 DEGREE REQUIREMENTS FIRST YEAR -FALL PREREQUISITES TOTAL SEM HRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    I Senior Standing 3 MSE 4775 - Polymer Science & Engineering I (Chem 2312 or Chem 1315 ) and( PTFE (co-req) or CHEM 3411 (co-req) and MATH 2401 and MATH 2403 and ME 2202 or MSE 3005 or PTFE 2200 BIOL Materials MSE 3002 MSE 3230 Polymer & Fiber Processing (Previously PTFE 3230) MSE 3210, MSE 3225 and MSE

  16. Montana State University 1 Ph.D. in Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    for energy storage, conversion, and conservation; and materials synthesis, processing, and fabrication: Chemistry and Biochemistry, Physics, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, and Electrical and Computing Engineering. Program Director Professor Robert Walker Department

  17. Chemistry and material science at the cell surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Weian

    Cell surfaces are fertile ground for chemists and material scientists to manipulate or augment cell functions and phenotypes. This not only helps to answer basic biology questions but also has diagnostic and therapeutic ...

  18. Chemistry and Materials Science, 1990--1991. [Second annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugihara, T.T.; Bruner, J.M.; McElroy, L.A.

    1991-12-31

    This 2-year (FY 1990-91) contains 49 technical articles in ten sections: research sampler, metals and alloys, energetic materials, chemistry and physics of advanced materials, bonding and reactions at surfaces and interfaces, superconductivity, energy R and D, waste processing and management, characterization and analysis, and facilities and instrumentation. Two more sections list department personnel, their publications etc., consultants, and summary of department budgets. The articles are processed separately for the data base. (DLC)

  19. Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science & Technology Multiple Openings : Chemistry, Materials Science, Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Science, Nanotechnology Shanghai, China We have several job openings for experienced polymer chemists / nanotechnology. We will consider hiring chemists who are skillful in macromolecular synthesis ("click chemistry

  20. Biomimetic cochlea filters : from modelling, design to analogue VLSI implementation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shiwei

    2014-11-27

    This thesis presents a novel biomimetic cochlea filter which closely resembles the biological cochlea behaviour. The filter is highly feasible for analogue very-large-scale integration (VLSI) circuits, which leads to a ...

  1. Chemical Engineering & Materials Science MAJORS & AREAS OF EMPHASIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    , MEMBRANE SEPARATION, MEMBRANE REACTORS, MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION, CORROSION, POLYMERS, CERAMICS, IMMUNOENGINEERING FOR CANCER THERAPY, MODELING OF OIL AND GAS RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE, FLUID FLOW THROUGH POROUS MEDIA specialization, we also offer the opportunity to deepen to your education in five separate emphasis programs

  2. Chemistry and Materials Science. Progress report, first half, FY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01

    Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research are growth, structure, and reactivity of surfaces and thin films; uranium research; physics and processing of metals; energetic materials; etc. The laboratory-directed R and D include director`s initiatives and individual projects, and transactinium institute studies.

  3. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    /ME 545 Electrochemistry of Fuel Cells & Batteries ENG MS/EC 573 Solar Energy Systems ENG MS/ME 781 Mechanics GRS PY 744 Polymer Physics GRS PY 771 Systems Biology for Physical Scientists and Engineers Concepts in Engineering ENG MS/ME 526 Simulation of Physical Processes ENG MS/ME 534 Materials Technology

  4. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    & Batteries MS/EC 573 Solar Energy Systems ME 779 Solid State Ionics and Electrochemistry MS/ME 781 Mechanics GRS PY 744 Polymer Physics GRS PY 771 Systems Biology for Physical Scientists and Engineers/Semester/Grade ______________________________ Materials for Energy and Environment MS/ME 527 Trans. Phenomena in Matls Processing MS/ME 532 Atomic

  5. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    & Batteries MS/EC 573 Solar Energy Systems ME 779 Solid State Ionics and Electrochemistry MS/ME 781 Polymer Physics GRS PY 771 Systems Biology for Physical Scientists and Engineers Electronic/Semester/Grade ______________________________ Materials for Energy and Environment MS/ME 527 Trans. Phenomena in Matls Processing MS/ME 532 Atomic

  6. Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xi

    Cells & Batteries MS/EC 573 Solar Energy Systems ME 779 Solid State Ionics and Electrochemistry MS C. Materials for Energy and Environment MS/ME 527 Trans. Phenomena in Matls Processing MS/ME 532 in Engineering MS/ME 526 Simulation of Physical Processes MS/ME 534 Matls Technology for Microelectronics 1

  7. Materials Science and Engineering A252 (1998) 117132 Optimization of 316 stainless steel/alumina functionally graded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    1998-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A252 (1998) 117­132 Optimization of 316 stainless steel/alumina functionally graded material for reduction of damage induced by thermal residual stresses M. Grujicic *, H. Zhao Program in Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 241 Flour

  8. Momentum-resolved Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy Master Thesis, Electron Microscopy Group of Materials Science, Prof. Ute Kaiser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    of Materials Science, Prof. Ute Kaiser Background Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) is a well Microscopy group of Material Sciences in Ulm has gained experience in the acquisition and analysis of energy-loss spectra of two-dimensional materials using an in-column energy filter [1,2]. Aim The aim of the proposed

  9. CMI Course Inventory: Metallurgical Engineering/Materials Science |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury Science Museum6 Shares1-0005-000CD

  10. Other: Advancing Materials Science using Neutrons at Oak Ridge National

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding access to scienceSpeedingScientificOpticalJunctionsLaboratory |

  11. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Tracking

  12. Biomimetic Model Studies Reveal the Role of the Ca2+ Ion in Photosyste...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biomimetic Model Studies Reveal the Role of the Ca2+ Ion in Photosystem II Friday, October 31, 2014 Fig 1 Figure 1. The biomimetic complexes that model the OEC in the final step of...

  13. Ethnic Diversity in Materials Science and Engineering. A report on the workshop on ethnic diversity in materials science and engineering.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Justin

    2014-06-30

    The immediate goal of the workshop was to elevate and identify issues and challenges that have impeded participation of diverse individuals in MSE. The longerterm goals are to continue forward by gathering and disseminating data, launching and tracking initiatives to mitigate the impediments, and increase the number of diverse individuals pursuing degrees and careers in MSE. The larger goal, however, is to create over time an ever-increasing number of role models in science fields who will, in turn, draw others in to contribute to the workforce of the future.

  14. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material could lead

  15. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - BIO-Inspired Nanomaterials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material could

  16. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Becoming A User

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material couldNOTICE

  17. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Discovery Siminar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Minutes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material User Group

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Collective Phenomena in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material User

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Electronic and Ionic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohn PriceNEWS "New material

  1. Rui Peng Postdoctoral Research Associate Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumni > The Energy MaterialsRooftop SolarRoy

  2. Tougher than Kevlar: Researchers create new high-performance fiber Posted In: Editors Picks | R&D Daily | Carbon Nanotubes & Graphene | Materials Science |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Tougher than Kevlar: Researchers create new high-performance fiber Posted In: Editors Picks | R&D Daily | Carbon Nanotubes & Graphene | Materials Science | Nanotechnology | Engineering | Material Science | Nanotechnology | Northwestern University | Materials | University Monday, December 6, 2010

  3. Serial snapshot crystallography for materials science with SwissFEL

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dejoie, Catherine; Smeets, Stef; Baerlocher, Christian; Tamura, Nobumichi; Pattison, Philip; Abela, Rafael; McCusker, Lynne B.

    2015-04-21

    New opportunities for studying (sub)microcrystalline materials with small unit cells, both organic and inorganic, will open up when the X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) presently being constructed in Switzerland (SwissFEL) comes online in 2017. Our synchrotron-based experiments mimicking the 4%-energy-bandpass mode of the SwissFEL beam show that it will be possible to record a diffraction pattern of up to 10 randomly oriented crystals in a single snapshot, to index the resulting reflections, and to extract their intensities reliably. The crystals are destroyed with each XFEL pulse, but by combining snapshots from several sets of crystals, a complete set of datamore »can be assembled, and crystal structures of materials that are difficult to analyze otherwise will become accessible. Even with a single shot, at least a partial analysis of the crystal structure will be possible, and with 10–50 femtosecond pulses, this offers tantalizing possibilities for time-resolved studies.« less

  4. Journal of Hazardous Materials 254255 (2013) 206213 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 254­255 (2013) 206­213 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Simultaneous

  5. The Science of Electrode Materials for Lithium Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fultz, Brent

    2007-03-15

    Rechargeable lithium batteries continue to play the central role in power systems for portable electronics, and could play a role of increasing importance for hybrid transportation systems that use either hydrogen or fossil fuels. For example, fuel cells provide a steady supply of power, whereas batteries are superior when bursts of power are needed. The National Research Council recently concluded that for dismounted soldiers "Among all possible energy sources, hybrid systems provide the most versatile solutions for meeting the diverse needs of the Future Force Warrior. The key advantage of hybrid systems is their ability to provide power over varying levels of energy use, by combining two power sources." The relative capacities of batteries versus fuel cells in a hybrid power system will depend on the capabilities of both. In the longer term, improvements in the cost and safety of lithium batteries should lead to a substantial role for electrochemical energy storage subsystems as components in fuel cell or hybrid vehicles. We have completed a basic research program for DOE BES on anode and cathode materials for lithium batteries, extending over 6 years with a 1 year phaseout period. The emphasis was on the thermodynamics and kinetics of the lithiation reaction, and how these pertain to basic electrochemical properties that we measure experimentally — voltage and capacity in particular. In the course of this work we also studied the kinetic processes of capacity fade after cycling, with unusual results for nanostructued Si and Ge materials, and the dynamics underlying electronic and ionic transport in LiFePO4. This document is the final report for this work.

  6. Integrated platform for functional monitoring of biomimetic heart sheets derived from human pluripotent stem cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlkes, Charless

    of a biomimetic drug screening platform for the early detection of car- diotoxicity is essentialIntegrated platform for functional monitoring of biomimetic heart sheets derived from human present an integrated platform comprised of a biomimetic substrate and physiologically aligned human

  7. Materials of Cement Science Primer Principal Investigators: Professors Hamlin Jennings and Jeffery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials of Cement Science Primer Principal Investigators: Professors Hamlin Jennings and Jeffery Chapter 3. The Concrete Construction Process 19 Chapter 4. Manufacture and composition of Portland cement 24 Chapter 5. Hydration and microstructure of Portland cement paste 45 Chapter 6. The pore structure

  8. ECE 415 Materials Science of Nanotechnology Catalog Description: Introductory physical chemistry of solid surfaces, thermodynamics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECE 415 ­ Materials Science of Nanotechnology Catalog Description: Introductory physical chemistry, applications of nanomaterials, nano-synthesis techniques, integration of nanotechnology, and emerging nanotechnology topics. Credits: 3 Terms Offered: Spring Prerequisites: By course: ECE 416 or ENGR 321 or ENGR 321

  9. Materials Science/Crystallography 30m SANS Measurements on Intercalated and Delaminated Phenolic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Science/Crystallography 30m SANS Measurements on Intercalated and Delaminated Phenolic Resin/Clay Dispersions and Nanocomposites Yoonessi, M.725 , Toghiani, H.725 , Pittman, C.725 A SANS on AOT Reverse Micelle Dynamics in Liquid, Compressed and Supercritical Alkanes Measured by SANS Kitchens

  10. Materials Science and Engineering A318 (2001) 114 Recovery of information on the microstructure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    2001-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A318 (2001) 1­14 Recovery of information on the microstructure February 2001; received in revised form 11 June 2001 Abstract Recovery of microstructural information from/cracked microstructures that are, generally, anisotropic. The extent of uncertainty in such information recovery

  11. Materials Science and Engineering A 445446 (2007) 186192 Plastic instabilities and dislocation densities during plastic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubicza, Jenõ

    2007-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A 445­446 (2007) 186­192 Plastic instabilities and dislocation densities during plastic deformation in Al­Mg alloys Gyozo Horv“ath, Nguyen Q. Chinh, Jeno Gubicza, J 2006 Abstract Plastic deformation of Al­Mg alloys were investigated by analyzing the stress

  12. Materials Science and Engineering A 404 (2005) 2632 Numerical simulations of crack formation from pegs in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    2005-01-01

    in gas turbines for propulsion and power generation [1­4]. The systems are susceptible to performanceMaterials Science and Engineering A 404 (2005) 26­32 Numerical simulations of crack formation from pegs in thermal barrier systems with NiCoCrAlY bond coats H.X. Zhua, N.A. Flecka,, A.C.F. Cocksb, A

  13. Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series New materials from polysaccharides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series New materials from discussed open new avenues both to improve present application and to establish novel application fields Engineering, Fibre and CelluloseTechnology,Turku, Finland. Dr. Heinze holds 19 patents and has authored 330

  14. BSc in Nuclear Science and Materials H821 MEng in Nuclear Engineering H822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    BSc in Nuclear Science and Materials H821 MEng in Nuclear Engineering H822 Research and education in nuclear engineering, waste management and decommissioning holds the key to sustainable energy production on an ambitious programme of commissioning nuclear energy, creating opportunities for graduates from plant design

  15. MAE SEMINAR Recent advances in Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing Technologies, Material Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    MAE SEMINAR Recent advances in Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing Technologies, Material Science Samueli School of Engineering University of California Irvine 3D printing or Additive Manufacturing in different shapes. 3D printing is also considered distinct from traditional machining techniques, which

  16. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 34 (1999) 1419 1437 Combined atomisticcrystal plasticity analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    1999-01-01

    in the thermodynamics and associated kinetics of the stress-assisted traJOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 34 (1999) 1419­ 1437 Combined atomistic­crystal plasticity analysis of the effect of beta phase precipitates on deformation and fracture of lamellar + 2 titanium aluminide M

  17. Materials Science and Engineering A 384 (2004) 3546 Self organization of shear bands in stainless steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Marc A.

    2004-01-01

    12 May 2004 Abstract The spatial distribution of shear bands was investigated in 304L stainless steelMaterials Science and Engineering A 384 (2004) 35­46 Self organization of shear bands in stainless steel Q. Xue, M.A. Meyers, V.F. Nesterenko Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

  18. MSE Symposium "The Future of Materials Science and Engineering: A Small Company Perspective"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    difficult for products that are not "drop in" ­ Meeting industry standards · Made in the U.S.A. #12;Future Industry #12;The Future of Materials Science and Engineering: "Small Company" Perspective · Industry #12;The Natural Rubber Industry - Brazilian Rubber Tree ·Reliance on imports from SE Asia ·Only

  19. The New Structural Materials Science Beamlines BL8A and 8B at Photon Factory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakao, A.; Sugiyama, H.; Koyama, A.; Watanabe, K.

    2010-06-23

    BL8A and 8B are new beamlines for structural materials science at Photon Factory. The primary characteristics of both beamlines are similar. The incident beam is monochromatized by the Si(111) double-flat crystal monochromator and focused at the sample position by a Rh-coated bent cylindrical quartz mirror. The Weissenberg-camera-type imaging-plate (IP) diffractometers were installed. The X-ray diffraction experiments for structural studies of strongly correlated materials, such as transition metals, molecular conductors, endohedral fullerenes, nano-materials, etc, are conducted at these stations.

  20. Materials science is the study of processing-structure-property relationships in materials that are important to society. Special attention is paid to "microstructure," i.e., how materials (polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, superalloys, and biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabiįn E.

    Materials science is the study of processing-structure-property relationships in materials that are important to society. Special attention is paid to "microstructure," i.e., how materials (polymers, ceramics THAT THEY SPEND THEIR TIME UPPERLEVEL COURSES MSE 376 Nanomaterials MSE 382 Electrochemical energy materials

  1. Airborne radioactive material collection, measurement, and data storage for the Nuclear Science Center at Texas A&M University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Melody Louise

    1982-01-01

    AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL COLLECTION, MEASUREMENT, AND DATA STORAGE FOR THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER AT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MELODY LOUISE JONES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject: Nuclear Engineering AIRBORNE RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL COLLECTION& MEASUREMENT& AND DATA STORAGE FOR THE NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER AT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MELODY LOUISE...

  2. Year 1 Progress Report Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network Administration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rehr, John J.

    2012-08-02

    This document reports progress on the project “Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network Administration,” which is supported by DOE BES Grant DE-FG02-02ER45990 MOD 08. As stated in the original proposal, the primary goal of this project is to carry out the scientific administrative responsibilities for the Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. These responsibilities include organizing meetings, publishing and maintaining CMCSN’s website, publishing a periodic newsletter, writing original material for both the website and the newsletter, maintaining CMCSN documentation, editing scientific documents, as needed, serving as liaison for the entire Network, facilitating information exchange across the network, communicating CMCSN’s success stories to the larger community and numerous other tasks outside the purview of the scientists in the CMCSN. Given the dramatic increase in computational power, advances in computational materials science can have an enormous impact in science and technology. For many of the questions that can be addressed by computation there is a choice of theoretical techniques available, yet often there is no accepted understanding of the relative strengths and effectiveness of the competing approaches. The CMCSN fosters progress in this understanding by providing modest additional funding to research groups which engage in collaborative activities to develop, compare, and test novel computational techniques. Thus, the CMCSN provides the “glue” money which enables different groups to work together, building on their existing programs and expertise while avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort. This includes travel funding, partial postdoc salaries, and funding for periodic scientific meetings. The activities supported by this grant are briefly summarized below.

  3. FWP executive summaries. Basic Energy Sciences/Materials Sciences Programs (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samara, G.A.

    1994-01-01

    This report is divided into: budget, capital equipment requests, general programmatic overview and institutional issues, DOE center of excellence for synthesis and processing of advanced materials, industrial interactions and technology transfer, and research program summaries (new proposals, existing programs). Ceramics, semiconductors, superconductors, interfaces, CVD, tailored surfaces, adhesion, growth and epitaxy, boron-rich solids, nanoclusters, etc. are covered.

  4. Ultrafast Materials and Chemical Sciences FOA | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4Office of ScienceTeresa(SC)of

  5. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J. Culp, D.R. Talham, and R. Duran HEXRD measurements of strain in plasma-sprayed coatings T. Gnupel-Herold, H.J. Prask, and D.R. Haeffner High-resolution atomic pair...

  6. Fusion Materials Science and Technology Research Needs: Now and During the ITER era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirth, Brian D.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Snead, Lance L.

    2013-09-30

    The plasma facing components, first wall and blanket systems of future tokamak-based fusion power plants arguably represent the single greatest materials engineering challenge of all time. Indeed, the United States National Academy of Engineering has recently ranked the quest for fusion as one of the top grand challenges for engineering in the 21st Century. These challenges are even more pronounced by the lack of experimental testing facilities that replicate the extreme operating environment involving simultaneous high heat and particle fluxes, large time varying stresses, corrosive chemical environments, and large fluxes of 14-MeV peaked fusion neutrons. This paper will review, and attempt to prioritize, the materials research and development challenges facing fusion nuclear science and technology into the ITER era and beyond to DEMO. In particular, the presentation will highlight the materials degradation mechanisms we anticipate to occur in the fusion environment, the temperature- displacement goals for fusion materials and plasma facing components and the near and long-term materials challenges required for both ITER, a fusion nuclear science facility and longer term ultimately DEMO.

  7. Journal of Hazardous Materials 252253 (2013) 355366 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Scott A.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 252­253 (2013) 355­366 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Journal of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Chitosan. / Journal of Hazardous Materials 252­253 (2013) 355­366 Scheme 1. Structure of microcystins. due

  8. Materials Science & Metallurgy Master of Philosophy, Materials Modelling, More information on http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/2005/ODS.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Materials Science & Metallurgy Master of Philosophy, Materials Modelling, More information on http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/2005/ODS.html Course MP4, Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams, H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia Lecture 4 about a thousand atoms block. The atom probe technique collects the experimental data on an atom by atom

  9. Spongins: nanostructural investigations and development of biomimetic material model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maldonado, Manuel

    , papain, elastase, lysozyme, cellulase and amylase /5/. Weak acid or alkaline hydrolysis were no more

  10. Genetic engineering of bacteriophage and its applications for biomimetic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Soo-Kwan

    2006-01-01

    Filamentous bacteriophage (M13) are excellent biological build block due to their multiple peptide display system including type 8 (complete peptide display at pVIII) and type 83 (complete peptide display at both pVIII and ...

  11. Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4 Ā» Inside Ice Under2 AdvancedMarch 9,Materials

  12. Materials Science Minor (Draft 3/26/12) This minor is intended for students who have chosen to take a minimum of 16 credits of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    Materials Science Minor (Draft 3/26/12) This minor is intended for students who have chosen to take a minimum of 16 credits of materials science coursework in any appropriate department. Required: 1) ME 280 or MSC 202 Introduction to Materials Science Prerequisites below or with permission of instructor: MTH

  13. Robotics and Autonomous Systems 30 (2000) 133153 Biomimetic robot navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01

    Robotics and Autonomous Systems 30 (2000) 133­153 Biomimetic robot navigation Matthias O. Franz Abstract In the past decade, a large number of robots has been built that explicitly implement biological applications, most notably in the field of indoor robot navigation. While simpler insect navigation behaviours

  14. Biomimetics: Determining engineering opportunities from nature Frank E. Fisha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    's performance exceeds current mechanical technology or provides new directions to solve existing problems, flight and robotics [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. The incorporation of novel structures and mechanisms from nature mechanical technology. The biomimetic approach attempts to seek common solutions from engineering and biology

  15. BIOMIMETIC PROCESSING OF CERAMICS AND CERAMIC-METAL COMPOSITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    625 BIOMIMETIC PROCESSING OF CERAMICS AND CERAMIC-METAL COMPOSITES M. YASREBI, G. H. KIM, K. E by a combination of tape casting of the ceramic and infiltration of the metal. The resultant cermets displayed a 40 such as metal-metal,' metal-ceramic,2 internietallic-intermetallic,1 metal-intermetallic,3 and ceramic-ceramic4

  16. 1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1995-12-01

    The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced military and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.

  17. Materials Science and Engineering A265 (1999) 285300 Crystal plasticity analysis of the effect of dispersed i-phase on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    1999-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A265 (1999) 285­300 Crystal plasticity analysis of the effect element analysis based on the crystal plasticity theory was carried out to investigate the deformation Science S.A. All rights reserved. Keywords: Crystal plasticity theory; Deformation; Fracture; Lamellar k

  18. SUPPORTING SAFE STORAGE OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING MATERIALS THROUGH SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND SURVEILLANCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, K.; Chandler, G.; Gardner, C.; Louthan, M.; Mcclard, J.

    2009-11-10

    Reductions in the size of the U. S. nuclear weapons arsenal resulted in the need to store large quantities of plutonium-bearing metals and oxides for prolonged periods of time. To assure that the excess plutonium from the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites was stored in a safe and environmentally friendly manner the plutonium-bearing materials are stabilized and packaged according to well developed criteria published as a DOE Standard. The packaged materials are stored in secure facilities and regular surveillance activities are conducted to assure continuing package integrity. The stabilization, packaging, storage and surveillance requirements were developed through extensive science and engineering activities including those related to: plutonium-environment interactions and container pressurization, corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, plutonium-container material interactions, loss of sealing capability and changes in heat transfer characteristics. This paper summarizes some of those activities and outlines ongoing science and engineering programs that assure continued safe and secure storage of the plutonium-bearing metals and oxides.

  19. Biomimetic Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanoparticles and Their Applications as Electro-catalysts in Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yujing

    2012-01-01

    interest as electrocatalysts for fuel cell applications. 1-3molecules for the fuel cell applications. 13 The synthesiscatalysts for fuel cell applications. The biomimetic

  20. Material Misfits

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Issues submit Material Misfits How well nanocomposite materials align at their interfaces determines what properties they have, opening broad new avenues of materials-science...

  1. Materials Science Clean Room Facility at Tulane University (Final Technical Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altiero, Nicholas

    2014-10-28

    The project involves conversion of a 3,000 sq. ft. area into a clean room facility for materials science research. It will be accomplished in phases. Phase I will involve preparation of the existing space, acquisition and installation of clean room equipped with a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) processing system, and conversion of ancillary space to facilitate the interface with the clean room. From a capital perspective, Phases II and III will involve the acquisition of additional processing, fabrication, and characterization equipment and capabilities.

  2. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 37 (2002) 753 764 Crystal plasticity analysis of earing in deep-drawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2002-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 37 (2002) 753­ 764 Crystal plasticity analysis of earing in deep to derive a crystal-plasticity materials constitutive model for deformation of OFHC copper single crystals that the crystallographic texture in as-rolled sheets, which can be accounted for through the use of crystal-plasticity

  3. by Simon R. Phillpot and Alan J. H. McGaughey Department of Materials Science and Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    of thermal transport. Applications include thermal barrier coatings on turbine blades, thermoelectric coolers of gases, gas-solid mixtures, and porous materials, but can be appreciable in solids at high temperaturesby Simon R. Phillpot and Alan J. H. McGaughey Department of Materials Science and Engineering

  4. Materials Science and Engineering A 394 (2005) 4352 NiAl bond coats made by a directed vapor deposition approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wadley, Haydn

    2005-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A 394 (2005) 43­52 NiAl bond coats made by a directed vapor materials in thermal barrier coating systems applied to nickel base super alloy components. They are usually to nickel base su- peralloy components used in gas turbine engines [1]. In these systems, a metallic bond

  5. Z .Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science 5 2000 56 63 Colloidal crystals as templates for porous materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velev, Orlin D.

    Z .Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science 5 2000 56 63 Colloidal crystals as templates-packed colloidal crystals are promising precursors for novel materials, but only after appropriate methods by replicating the structure of colloidal crystals into durable solid matrices. Such materials with structured

  6. Biomimetic synthesis of noble metal nanocrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiu, Chin-Yi

    2013-01-01

    Directed Syntheses of Inorganic Materials. Chem. Rev. 108,synthesis and further investigate the interfaces between biomolecule and inorganic materialssynthesis and has inspired the mechanistic studies on the specific interfacial interactions between biomolecules and inorganic materials.

  7. Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Description: Processing of modern, bulk engineering materials. Raw materials, forming, firing, finishing, bulk engineering materials: raw materials, processing, and characterization or raw materials? III. Raw materials: What kinds of raw materials are used to produced metals, ceramics, polymers

  8. W.E. Henry Symposium compendium: The importance of magnetism in physics and material science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carwell, H.

    1997-09-19

    This compendium contains papers presented at the W. E. Henry Symposium, The Importance of Magnetism in Physics and Material Science. The one-day symposium was conducted to recognize the achievements of Dr. Warren Elliot Henry as educator, scientist, and inventor in a career spanning almost 70 years. Dr. Henry, who is 88 years old, attended the symposium. Nobel Laureate, Dr. Glenn Seaborg, a friend and colleague for over 40 years, attended the event and shared his personal reminiscences. Dr. Seaborg is Associate Director-At-Large at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Compendium begins with three papers which demonstrate the ongoing importance of magnetism in physics and material science. Other contributions cover the highlights of Dr. Henry`s career as a researcher, educator, and inventor. Colleagues and former students share insights on the impact of Dr. Henry`s research in the field of magnetism, low temperature physics, and solid state physics; his influence on students as an educator; and his character, intellect and ingenuity, and passion for learning and teaching. They share a glimpse of the environment and times that molded him as a man, and the circumstances under which he made his great achievements despite the many challenges he faced.

  9. Biology | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Sciences Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics Environment Safety and Health More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Biology SHARE...

  10. Supporting Organizations | Nuclear Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Science Engineering Fusion & Materials for Nuclear Systems Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Supporting Organizations SHARE Supporting...

  11. A protocol to develop crack-free biomimetic coatings on Ti6Al4V substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tas, A. Cuneyt

    A protocol to develop crack-free biomimetic coatings on Ti6Al4V substrates Sahil Jalota,a) Sutapa/Kadikoy, Istanbul 34755, Turkey (Received 22 November 2006; accepted 16 February 2007) Biomimetic coating in implantology. While this paper specifically refers to coating Ti6Al4V, the results are valid with other related

  12. Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials FY 2013 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Fei; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Xie, YuLong; Wu, Dangxin; Prange, Micah P.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Campbell, Luke W.; Wang, Zhiguo

    2013-10-01

    This annual report presents work carried out during Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under the project entitled “Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials” (Project number: PL13-SciDriScintMat-PD05) and led by Dr. Fei Gao. This project is divided into three tasks, namely (1) Ab initio calculations of electronic properties, electronic response functions and secondary particle spectra; (2) Intrinsic response properties, theoretical light yield, and microscopic description of ionization tracks; and (3) Kinetics and efficiency of scintillation: nonlinearity, intrinsic energy resolution, and pulse shape discrimination. Detailed information on the findings and insights obtained in each of these three tasks are provided in this report. Additionally, papers published this fiscal year or currently in review are included in Appendix together with presentations given this fiscal year.

  13. 4D printing : towards biomimetic additive manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Elizabeth Yinling

    2013-01-01

    Inherent across all scales in Nature's material systems are multiple design dimensions, the existences of which are products of both evolution and environment. In human manufacturing where design must be preconceived and ...

  14. Opportunities for Materials Science and Biological Research at the OPAL Research Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, S. J.

    2008-03-17

    Neutron scattering techniques have evolved over more than 1/2 century into a powerful set of tools for determination of atomic and molecular structures. Modern facilities offer the possibility to determine complex structures over length scales from {approx}0.1 nm to {approx}500 nm. They can also provide information on atomic and molecular dynamics, on magnetic interactions and on the location and behaviour of hydrogen in a variety of materials. The OPAL Research Reactor is a 20 megawatt pool type reactor using low enriched uranium fuel, and cooled by water. OPAL is a multipurpose neutron factory with modern facilities for neutron beam research, radioisotope production and irradiation services. The neutron beam facility has been designed to compete with the best beam facilities in the world. After six years in construction, the reactor and neutron beam facilities are now being commissioned, and we will commence scientific experiments later this year. The presentation will include an outline of the strengths of neutron scattering and a description of the OPAL research reactor, with particular emphasis on it's scientific infrastructure. It will also provide an overview of the opportunities for research in materials science and biology that will be possible at OPAL, and mechanisms for accessing the facilities. The discussion will emphasize how researchers from around the world can utilize these exciting new facilities.

  15. Creep and plasticity of glacier ice: a material science perspective Paul DUVAL, Maurine MONTAGNAT, Fanny GRENNERAT, Jerome WEISS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Jérōme

    Creep and plasticity of glacier ice: a material science perspective Paul DUVAL, Maurine MONTAGNAT the plasticity of ice have been made during the past 60 years with the development of studies of the flow experimental investigations clearly show that the plastic deformation of the ice single crystal and polycrystal

  16. Materials Science and Engineering B54 (1998) 207209 Growth of gallium phosphide layers by chemical beam epitaxy on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Nikolaus

    1998-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering B54 (1998) 207­209 Letter Growth of gallium phosphide layers by chemical beam epitaxy on oxide patterned (001)silicon substrates V. Narayanan a, *, N. Sukidi c , Chimin Hu b , N. Dietz c , K.J. Bachmann c , S. Mahajan a , S. Shingubara d a Department of Chemical, Bio

  17. Materials Science and Engineering A 490 (2008) 2635 Mechanisms of cracking and delamination within thick thermal barrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchinson, John W.

    2008-01-01

    that characterizes the susceptibility to delamination of thermal barrier coated (TBC) hot-section aero-turbine. Introduction The maximum temperature capability of thermal barrier systems used in gas turbines is oftenMaterials Science and Engineering A 490 (2008) 26­35 Mechanisms of cracking and delamination within

  18. Materials Science and Engineering B 134 (2006) 282286 Control of metal impurities in "dirty" multicrystalline silicon for solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    of photovoltaics (PV) in the energy market. The fluctuations of availability and feedstock cost determine.R. Webera,b a Department of Materials Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA b Lawrence processing of solar cells with satisfactory energy conversion efficiency based on inexpensive feedstock

  19. Materials Science and Engineering A299 (2001) 141151 Microstructural changes due to heat-treatment of annealing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Qiuming

    2001-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering A299 (2001) 141­151 Microstructural changes due to heat-treatment of creep resistance by furnace and microwave annealing, we have investigated the effect of heat-treatment-ray diffraction was performed on the as-sintered and heat-treated samples to study the phase changes due

  20. Fusion Technologies for Tritium-Suppressed D-D Fusion White Paper prepared for FESAC Materials Science Subcommittee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Fusion Technologies for Tritium-Suppressed D-D Fusion White Paper prepared for FESAC Materials, Columbia University 2 Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT December 19, 2011 Summary The proposal for tritium-suppressed D-D fusion and the understanding of the turbulent pinch in magnetically confined plasma

  1. Chemistry Major, Materials Science and Engineering Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Chemistry Major, Materials Science and Engineering Emphasis See www.chem.utah.edu for details or contact the chemistry advisor (advisor@chem.utah.edu) Chemistry Core Courses (required of all majors): CHEM 1210, 1220 General Chemistry I, II (4, 4) both SF (or 1211/1221 honors versions) CHEM 1215, 1225

  2. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 21, 2002, 251 255 Organic-inorganic sol-gel coating for corrosion protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 21, 2002, 251­ 255 Organic-inorganic sol-gel coating or coatings. Through the modification of chemical composition of the coatings, such protec- tive coatings can strength and hydrophobicity. Various organic coatings have been studied for corrosion protection [4

  3. Materials Science and Engineering A 483484 (2008) 607610 Indentation creep study on a Zr-based bulk metallic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubicza, Jenõ

    2008-01-01

    to the formation of a quasicrystalline phase. Indentation creep tests were carried out isothermally at the same size quasicrystalline particles on the creep behavior is studied by indentation test. There are onlyMaterials Science and Engineering A 483­484 (2008) 607­610 Indentation creep study on a Zr

  4. Biomimetic model for [FeFe]-hydrogenase: Asymmetrically disubstituted

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBerylliumBiomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar

  5. Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, first half FY 1992. Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory Directed Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01

    This report contains sections on: Fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals; interfaces, adhesion, and bonding; energetic materials; plutonium research; synchrotron radiation-based materials science; atomistic approach to the interaction of surfaces with the environment: actinide studies; properties of carbon fibers; buried layer formation using ion implantation; active coherent control of chemical reaction dynamics; inorganic and organic aerogels; synthesis and characterization of melamine-formaldehyde aerogels; structural transformation and precursor phenomena in advanced materials; magnetic ultrathin films, surfaces, and overlayers; ductile-phase toughening of refractory-metal intermetallics; particle-solid interactions; electronic structure evolution of metal clusters; and nanoscale lithography induced chemically or physically by modified scanned probe microscopy.

  6. Chemical Engineering | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical and Engineering Materials Clean Energy Nuclear Sciences Computer Science Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics Environment...

  7. Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms in Materials Science and Engineering, 2006 January 1113, 2006, Tata McGrawHill Publishing Company Ltd., India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms in Materials Science and Engineering, 2006 January 11, Shibpur, Howrah, India Neural Networks in Materials Science: The Importance of Uncertainty H. K. D. H rela- tionships and structure within vast arrays of ill­understood data. The neural network method

  8. Biomimetic Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanoparticles and Their Applications as Electro-catalysts in Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yujing

    2012-01-01

    materials are capable of serving as electro-catalysts in PEMFC andMaterials Science and Engineering University of California, Los Angeles, 2012 Professor Yu Huang, Chair Today, proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and

  9. Radioactive Material Use at the EMSL Radiochemistry Annex The EMSL Radiochemistry Annex, located in the 3410 Material Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of radioactive material. In order to work within 3410 facility radiological limits, potential users must provide can evaluate whether it will meet our facility limits. Note that while the EMSL Radiochemistry Annex

  10. Materials Science and Engineering A 445446 (2007) 669675 Degradation of elastomeric gasket materials in PEM fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Zee, John W.

    2007-01-01

    Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. ical degradation of fluoroelastomer in an alkaline environment. Youn, the overall scope of study includes chemical/material degradation and mechanical property characterization. T

  11. Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials: FY 2014 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Gao, Fei; Xie, YuLong; Campbell, Luke W.; Wu, Dangxin; Prange, Micah P.

    2014-10-01

    This annual reports presents work carried out during Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under the project entitled “Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials” (Project number: PL13-SciDriScintMat-PD05) and led by Drs. Fei Gao and Sebastien N. Kerisit. This project is divided into three tasks: 1) Ab initio calculations of electronic properties, electronic response functions and secondary particle spectra; 2) Intrinsic response properties, theoretical light yield, and microscopic description of ionization tracks; and 3) Kinetics and efficiency of scintillation: nonproportionality, intrinsic energy resolution, and pulse shape discrimination. Detailed information on the results obtained in each of the three tasks is provided in this Annual Report. Furthermore, peer-reviewed articles published this FY or currently under review and presentations given this FY are included in Appendix. This work was supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration, Office of Nuclear Nonproliferation Research and Development (DNN R&D/NA-22), of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

  12. Materials Science and Engineering A 552 (2012) 151156 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Soon Hyung

    2012-01-01

    -mechanical properties, both bulk and thin film c-BN based materials find their application as cutting tool materi- als cBN cutting tools, containing 50­70 vol% cBN, have been suggested to possess superior tool life boron nitride sintered compacts prepared from nanocrystalline TiN coated cBN powder Malik Adeel Umera

  13. Solid state NMR method development and studies of biological and biomimetic nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Yanyan

    2011-02-07

    This thesis describes application and development of advanced solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance techniques for complex materials, in particular organic-inorganic nanocomposites and thermoelectric tellurides. The apatite-collagen interface, essential for understanding the biomineralization process in bone and engineering the interface for controlled bio-mimetic synthesis and optimized mechanical properties, is buried within the nanocomposite of bone. We used multinuclear solid-state NMR to study the composition and structure of the interface. Citrate has been identified as the main organic molecule strongly bound to the apatite surface with a density of 1/(2 nm){sup 2}, covering 1/6 of the total surface area in bovine bone. Citrate provides more carboxylate groups, one of the key functional groups found to affect apatite nucleation and growth, than all the non-collagenous proteins all together in bone; thus we propose that citrate stabilizes apatite crystals at a very small thickness of {approx}3 nm (4 unit cells) to increase bone fracture tolerance. The hypothesis has been confirmed in vitro by adding citrate in the bio-mimetic synthesis of polymerhydroxyapatite nanocomposites. The results have shown that the size of hydroxyapatite nanocrystals decreases as increasing citrate concentration. With citrate concentrations comparable to that in body fluids, similar-sized nanocrystals as in bone have been produced. Besides the dimensions of the apatite crystals, the composition of bone also affects its biofunctional and macroscopic mechanical properties; therefore, our team also extended its effort to enhance the inorganic portion in our bio-mimetic synthesis from originally 15 wt% to current 50 wt% compared to 65 wt% in bovine bone, by using Lysine-Leucine hydroxyapatite nucleating diblock co-polypeptide, which forms a gel at very low concentration. In this thesis, various advanced solid state NMR techniques have been employed to characterize nanocomposites. Meanwhile, we have developed new methods to achieve broadband high resolution NMR and improve the accuracy of inter-nuclear distance measurements involving quadrupolar spins. Broadband high resolution NMR of spin-1/2 nuclei has been accomplished by the adaptation of the magic angle turning (MAT) method to fast magic angle spinning, termed fast MAT, by solving technical problems such as off resonance effects. Fast MAT separates chemical shift anisotropy and isotropic chemical shifts over a spectral range of {approx}1.8 {gamma}B{sub 1} without significant distortions. Fast MAT {sup 125}Te NMR has been applied to study technologically important telluride materials with spectra spreading up to 190 kHz. The signal-to-noise ratio of the spectra is significantly improved by using echo-matched Gaussian filtering in offline data processing. The accuracy of the measured distances between spin-1/2 and quadrupolar nuclei with methods such as SPIDER and REAPDOR has been improved by compensating for the fast longitudinal quadrupolar relaxation on the sub-millisecond with a modified S{sub 0} pulse sequence. Also, the T1Q effect on the spin coherence and its spinning speed dependency has been explored and documented with analytical and numerical simulations as well as experimental measurements.

  14. Computational materials science and engineering (CMSE) is a relatively young field. The first-known case study of materials that used digital computers was made shortly after the Second World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    at the time was on how irradiation of high-energy particles would change a material's structure and properties these advanced tools allows us to more efficiently develop new materials and extend the life~~ * ~~ Computational materials science and engineering (CMSE) is a relatively young field

  15. Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterialMaterials Materials Access to

  16. Controlling the band gap energy of cluster-assembled materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Biochemistry and Materials Science & Engineering, UniversityBiochemistry and of Materials Science & Engineering at the

  17. Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland, College Park, MD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    . Scattering of Phonons, Materials: cage compounds and rattles, The Glass Limit E. Applications: Aerogels

  18. Proceedings of the 27th Ris International Symposium on Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Plasma Research Department, ** Danish Polymer Centre, *** Materials Research Department, Frederiksborgvej

  19. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid Materials Science Institute of Madrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , material con aplicaciones en el espacio. Contrato con la Agencia Espacial Europea. Isabel Montero, Ainhoa

  20. Qifeng Zhang, Xiaoyuan Zhou, Christopher S. Dandeneau, Kwangsuk Park, Supan Yodyingyong, Guozhong Cao* Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    for energy-conversion-efficiency enhancement in dye-sensitized solar cells. Advanced Functional Materials Cao* Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 Abstract nanostructures with organic polymer materials. 3. Other Nanostructures with Potential Application in Solar Cells

  1. Computer Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations in chemistry, physics, materials, engineering, and computer science IEEE Xplore Full text...

  2. Ultrafast Probes for Dirac Materials Yarotski, Dmitry Anatolievitch...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Science(36) Material Science; topological insulators, ultrafast spectroscopy, graphene Material Science; topological insulators, ultrafast spectroscopy, graphene Abstract...

  3. Behavioral Sciences | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry Computational Engineering Computer Science Data Earth Sciences Energy Science Future Technology Knowledge Discovery Materials Mathematics National Security Systems...

  4. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Nuclear Forensics Climate & Environment Sensors and Measurements Chemical & Engineering Materials Computational Earth Science Systems Modeling...

  5. Understanding Automotive Exhaust Catalysts Using a Surface Science Approach: Model NOx Storage Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szanyi, Janos; Yi, Cheol-Woo W.; Mudiyanselage, Kumudu K.; Kwak, Ja Hun

    2013-11-01

    The structure-reactivity relationships of model BaO-based NOx storage/reduction catalysts were investigated under well controlled experimental conditions using surface science analysis techniques. The reactivity of BaO toward NO2, CO2, and H2O was studied as a function of BaO layer thickness [0\\hBaO\\30 monolayer (ML)], sample temperature, reactant partial pressure, and the nature of the substrate the NOx storage material was deposited onto. Most of the efforts focused on understanding the mechanism of NO2 storage either on pure BaO, or on BaO exposed to CO2 or H2O prior to NO2 exposure. The interaction of NO2 with a pure BaO film results in the initial formation of nitrite/nitrate ion pairs by a cooperative adsorption mechanism predicted by prior theoretical calculations. The nitrites are then further oxidized to nitrates to produce a fully nitrated surface. The mechanism of NO2 uptake on thin BaO films (\\4 ML), BaO clusters (\\1 ML) and mixed BaO/Al2O3 layers are fundamentally different: in these systems initially nitrites are formed only, and then converted to nitrates at longer NO2 exposure times. These results clarify the contradicting mechanisms presented in prior studies in the literature. After the formation of a nitrate layer the further conversion of the underlying BaO is slow, and strongly depends on both the sample temperature and the NO2 partial pressure. At 300 K sample temperature amorphous Ba(NO3)2 forms that then can be converted to crystalline nitrates at elevated temperatures. The reaction between BaO and H2O is facile, a series of Ba(OH)2 phases form under the temperature and H2O partial pressure regimes studied. Both amorphous and crystalline Ba(OH)2 phases react with NO2, and initially form nitrites only that can be converted to nitrates. The NO2 adsorption capacities of BaO and Ba(OH)2 are identical, i.e., both of these phases can completely be converted to Ba(NO3)2. In contrast, the interaction of CO2 with pure BaO results in the formation of a BaCO3 layer that prevents to complete carbonation of the entire BaO film under the experimental conditions applied in these studies. However, these ‘‘carbonated’’ BaO layers readily react with NO2, and at elevated sample temperature even the carbonate layer is converted to nitrates. The importance of the metal oxide/metal interface in the chemistry on NOx storage-reduction catalysts was studied on BaO(\\1 ML)/Pt(111) reverse model catalysts. In comparison to the clean Pt(111), new oxygen adsorption phases were identified on the BaO/Pt(111) surface that can be associated with oxygen atoms strongly adsorbed on Pt atoms at the peripheries of BaO particles. A simple kinetic model developed helped explain the observed thermal desorption results. The role of the oxide/metal interface in the reduction of Ba(NO3)2 was also substantiated in experiments where Ba(NO3)2/O/Pt(111) samples were exposed to CO at elevated sample temperature. The catalytic decomposition of the nitrate phase occurred as soon as metal sites opened up by the removal of interfacial oxygen via CO oxidation from the O/Pt(111) surface. The temperature for catalytic nitrate reduction was found to be significantly lower than the onset temperature of thermal nitrate decomposition. We gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national user facility sponsored by the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle under contract number DE-AC05-76RL01830.

  6. Advanced Materials | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Specific Binding ORNL discovery holds potential for separations, sensors, batteries, biotech and more Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials Advanced Materials |...

  7. Presented at the 27th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Tribological Research: From Model Experiment to Industrial Problems: Mechanics, Materials Science, Physico-chemistry Lyon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ć?agin, Tahir

    1 Presented at the 27th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Tribological Research: From Model Experiment to Industrial Problems: Mechanics, Materials Science, Physico-chemistry Lyon, France, September 5

  8. Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes:MST-8:LANL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes (MST-8) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE:...

  9. {33 faculty 30 post doctoral scholars 500 undergraduates 120 graduate students} The Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science is home to two,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    Chemical Engineering M.S. Ph.D Materials Science M.S., M. Engr., Ph.D INTERESTS Energy Solar Cells, Fuel properties and devices, fluid mechanics and rheology, green engineering and design, interfaces, mathematical, and Nuclear Science for doctoral students to tailor their research and coursework if desired. #12;

  10. Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion toMSDS onBudgetMaterial

  11. Materials Research Lab -Research Internships in Science and Engineering http://www.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/RISE/interns08.html[5/10/12 9:18:07 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    Materials Research Lab - Research Internships in Science and Engineering http Joanna Deek Cyrus Safinya Materials CHARACTERIZING THE Ph AND SALT DEPENDANCE OF NEUROFILAMENT GRAFTING DENSITIES Christine Carpenter Materials Engineering California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

  12. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.1195421/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reis, Pedro Miguel

    : Water Uptake by Felis catus Pedro M. Reis, Sunghwan Jung, Jeffrey M. Aristoff, Roman Stocker* *To whom) Movies S1 to S3 #12;Supporting Online Material for "How cats lap: Water uptake by Felis catus" 1 Material for "How cats lap: Water uptake by Felis catus" 2 Filming of cats. Adult cats were filmed during

  13. Proceedings of the 27th Ris International Symposium on Materials Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (220 °C) processing PET. Tension-tension fatigue properties for the two materials are shown in Fig. 2 yarn is commingled in an air texturing process where glass fibres and L-PET fibres are blown into each Roskilde, Denmark ABSTRACT Technology and semi-raw materials for vacuum consolidation of thermoplastic

  14. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and-- Energy, science, and

  15. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and-- Energy, science,

  16. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and-- Energy, science,--

  17. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and-- Energy, science,----

  18. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and---- Energy, science,

  19. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and---- Energy, science,--

  20. Advanced Materials Manufacturing | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Materials Manufacturing New materials drive the development of innovative products. Building upon a rich history in materials science, ORNL is discovering and developing...

  1. Hydrogel microparticles from lithographic processes: Novel materials for fundamental and applied colloid science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Patrick S.

    depending on further processing or end-use application, eventually yielding a suspension of colloidal hydrogel particles. Microgels serve as model "soft colloids", as they are easily stabilized colloid science Matthew E. Helgeson, Stephen C. Chapin, Patrick S. Doyle Department of Chemical

  2. Materials Science and Engineering B74 (2000) 5660 GaAs homojunction interfacial workfunction internal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    2000-01-01

    30303, USA b Institute for Microstructural Sciences, National Research Council, Ottawa, Ont., Canada K1A-mm Telescope (FIRST) programs, for studying interacting galaxies, star forma- tion and composition of the detector after device processing and the energy-band diagram. Sec- ondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS

  3. Department of Materials Science and Engineering Four Year Plan (201213 Catalog, ready for calculus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Equations 4 PHYS 212, 212L Physics II with Calculus and Lab 5 PHYS 309, 309L Modern Physics with Lab 4 to Engineering 3 PHYS 211, 211L Physics I with Calculus and Lab 5 SEMESTER TOTAL 14 SEMESTER TOTAL 16 FALL), CS 120 (Intro to Programming Concepts), and CS 125 (Intro to Computer Science) DISCIPLINARY LENS

  4. Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabius, Bernd C.; Browning, Nigel D.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Diehl, Barbara L.; Stach, Eric A.

    2012-07-25

    This report summarizes a 2011 workshop that addressed the potential role of rapid, time-resolved electron microscopy measurements in accelerating the solution of important scientific and technical problems. A series of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Academy of Science workshops have highlighted the critical role advanced research tools play in addressing scientific challenges relevant to biology, sustainable energy, and technologies that will fuel economic development without degrading our environment. Among the specific capability needs for advancing science and technology are tools that extract more detailed information in realistic environments (in situ or operando) at extreme conditions (pressure and temperature) and as a function of time (dynamic and time-dependent). One of the DOE workshops, Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next Generation Instrumentation and Beyond, specifically addressed the importance of electron-based characterization methods for a wide range of energy-relevant Grand Scientific Challenges. Boosted by the electron optical advancement in the last decade, a diversity of in situ capabilities already is available in many laboratories. The obvious remaining major capability gap in electron microscopy is in the ability to make these direct in situ observations over a broad spectrum of fast (µs) to ultrafast (picosecond [ps] and faster) temporal regimes. In an effort to address current capability gaps, EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, organized an Ultrafast Electron Microscopy Workshop, held June 14-15, 2011, with the primary goal to identify the scientific needs that could be met by creating a facility capable of a strongly improved time resolution with integrated in situ capabilities. The workshop brought together more than 40 leading scientists involved in applying and/or advancing electron microscopy to address important scientific problems of relevance to DOE’s research mission. This workshop built on previous workshops and included three breakout sessions identifying scientific challenges in biology, biogeochemistry, catalysis, and materials science frontier areas of fundamental science that underpin energy and environmental science that would significantly benefit from ultrafast transmission electron microscopy (UTEM). In addition, the current status of time-resolved electron microscopy was examined, and the technologies that will enable future advances in spatio-temporal resolution were identified in a fourth breakout session.

  5. Materials science and design for germanium monolithic light source on silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Yan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    Germanium (Ge) is an optically active material with the advantages of Si-CMOS compatibility and monolithic integration. It has great potential to be used as the light emitter for Si photonics. Tensile strain and n-type ...

  6. Science & Discovery | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Materials Clean Energy National Security Neutron Science Nuclear Science Supercomputing and Computation More Science Hubs, Centers and Institutes US ITER Mars 'Curiosity'...

  7. Fusion Materials Science and Technology Research Opportunities now and during the ITER Era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinkle, Steven J.; Blanchard, James; Callis, Richard W.; Kessel, Charles E.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Lee, Peter J.; Mccarthy, Kathryn; Morley, Neil; Najmabadi, Farrokh; Nygren, Richard; Tynan, George R.; Whyte, Dennis G.; Willms, Scott; Wirth, Brian D.

    2014-02-22

    Several high-priority near-term potential research activities to address fusion nuclear science challenges are summarized. General recommendations include: 1) Research should be preferentially focused on the most technologically advanced options (i.e., options that have been developed at least through the single-effects concept exploration stage, Technology Readiness Levels >3), 2) Significant near-term progress can be achieved by modifying existing facilities and/or moderate investment in new medium-scale facilities, and 3) Computational modeling for fusion nuclear sciences is generally not yet sufficiently robust to enable truly predictive results to be obtained, but large reductions in risk, cost and schedule can be achieved by careful integration of experiment and modeling.

  8. Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities now and during the ITER era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.J. Zinkle; J.P. Planchard; R.W. Callis; C.E. Kessel; P.J. Lee; K.A. McCarty; Various Others

    2014-10-01

    Several high-priority near-term potential research activities to address fusion nuclear science challenges are summarized. General recommendations include: (1) Research should be preferentially focused on the most technologically advanced options (i.e., options that have been developed at least through the singleeffects concept exploration stage, technology readiness levels >3), (2) Significant near-term progress can be achieved by modifying existing facilities and/or moderate investment in new medium-scale facilities, and (3) Computational modeling for fusion nuclear sciences is generally not yet sufficiently robust to enable truly predictive results to be obtained, but large reductions in risk, cost and schedule can be achieved by careful integration of experiment and modeling.

  9. Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science, University of Illinois. at Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA. 2 Department of Mathematics, Purdue ...

  10. Materials Discovery | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  11. Materials Physics | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  12. Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division Homepage | U.S. DOE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  13. Materials Science & Technology Research Opportunities Now and in the ITER Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    &D ­ Evaluation of Roles of Key Facilities · Recommendations and Evaluation of Compelling Research OpportunitiesNeW (Research Needs Workshop) report. Also, your assessment of the risks associated with research paths with varying emphases on massively parallel computing­what are the risks associated with each path? ­ Materials

  14. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 7, Strengthening Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    , Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties could be changed and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation

  15. 1MSE 2090: Introduction to Materials Science Chapter 7, Strengthening Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Chapter 7, Strengthening Why metals could be plastically deformed? Why the plastic deformation properties and Strengthening Mechanisms What is happening in material during plastic deformation? Chapter Outline Dislocations and Plastic Deformation Motion of dislocations in response to stress Slip Systems Plastic deformation

  16. Journal of Hazardous Materials 179 (2010) 650657 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of Hazardous Materials journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/jhazmat Calcium polysulfide treatment of Cr(VI)-contaminated-ray absorption spectroscopy a b s t r a c t Batch treatability studies for a Cr(VI)-contaminated glacial soil et al. [1] summarize the main attributes of the environmental chemistry of Cr. Toxic and car

  17. Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series Silicone Materials for Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    ; these goals are critical for the broad adoption of PV globally. Silicone polymers possess key material The Photovoltaic (PV) industry has aggressive goals to decrease $/kWh and lower the overall cost of ownership; supporting new customers and new application areas for the use of silicones in the PV industry She also

  18. Materials Science and Engineering A259 (1999) 6572 Mechanical properties of oxidized silicon nitride ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubicza, Jenõ

    1999-01-01

    .g. hardness, elastic modulus) has not been studied. In the present paper the oxidation-induced changes of silicon nitride ceramics with four different compositions is studied. Room temperature values of bending strength and elastic modulus of the whole oxidized material and of hardness, the fracture toughness

  19. Polymeric Materials: Science & Engineering 2004, 90, Inspired by Abalone Shell: Strengthening of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    enhancement of porous ceramic matrices through infiltration of polymers into their porous structure has been enhancement is expected by the simple addition of a stronger material. In this study, we present an approach and the molar ratio of each monomer for the polymers used in the infiltration of the porous alumina bars

  20. Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. A378, 2004, 3439 Developments in Martensitic and Bainitic Steels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    and Bainitic Steels: Role of The Shape Deformation H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia University of Cambridge Materials. Abstract Steels can be designed to exploit the coordinated motion of atoms during the bainite form, and at an affordable price. Crystal sizes can be reduced to between 20­180 nm, by annealing

  1. Materials Science Research | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  2. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

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  9. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

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  12. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and-- Energy,------------

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report: Achievements of structuralRussianEnergy, science, and--

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  1. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

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  3. Physical Behavior of Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

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  4. Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H. Zinn, 1969CALCDOffice ofofScience (SC)

  5. Scientists Identify New Quaternary Materials for Solar Cell Absorbers (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    Research provides insight for exploring use of earth-abundant quaternary semiconductors for large-scale solar cell applications. For large-scale solar electricity generation, it is critical to find new material that is Earth abundant and easily manufactured. Previous experimental studies suggest that Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} could be a strong candidate absorber materials for large-scale thin-film solar cells due to its optimal bandgap, high adsorption coefficient, and ease of synthesis. However, due to the complicated nature of the quaternary compound, it is unclear whether other quaternary compounds have physical properties suitable for solar cell application. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Fudan University, and University College London have performed systematic searches of quaternary semiconductors using a sequential cation mutation method in which the material properties of the quaternary compounds can be derived and understood through the evolution from the binary, to ternary, and to quaternary compounds. The searches revealed that in addition to Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}, Cu{sub 2}ZnGeSe{sub 4} and Cu{sub 2}ZnSnSe{sub 4} are also suitable quaternary materials for solar cell absorbers. Through the extensive study of defect and alloy properties of these materials, the researchers propose that to maximize solar cell performance, growth of Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} under Cu-poor/Zn-rich conditions will be optimal and the formation of Cu{sub 2}ZnSn(S,Se){sub 4} alloy will be beneficial in improving solar cell performance.

  6. Robotics and Autonomous Systems 30 (2000) 515 Architectures for a biomimetic hexapod robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Mark E.

    2000-01-01

    Robotics and Autonomous Systems 30 (2000) 5­15 Architectures for a biomimetic hexapod robot Fred Institute, 405 North Mathews, Urbana, IL 61801, USA Abstract This paper describes a six-legged robot based on the features of an agile insect, the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. The robot is designed

  7. Use of Biomimetic Diversity-Oriented Synthesis to Discover Galanthamine-Like Molecules with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchhausen, Tomas

    reactions (3 f 4),11 paralleling the biosynthesis of the natural product (1 f 2).12 Following biomimetic was accomplished by coupling the phenol of 9 with five primary alcohols to afford 10 (Scheme 1).16 Treatment of 10

  8. Improving the efficiency of water splitting in dye-sensitized solar cells by using a biomimetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improving the efficiency of water splitting in dye-sensitized solar cells by using a biomimetic studied this problem in dye-sensitized solar cells where a molecular dye and a porous TiO2 electrode act 16802; b Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Center for Bioinspired Solar Fuel Production

  9. Contact kinematics of biomimetic scales Ranajay Ghosh, Hamid Ebrahimi, and Ashkan Vaziri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaziri, Ashkan

    by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in Design, analysis and testing of a parallel-kinematic element (FE) analysis. Our results reveal the existence of three distinct kinematic phases of operationContact kinematics of biomimetic scales Ranajay Ghosh, Hamid Ebrahimi, and Ashkan Vaziri Citation

  10. Inspired by Sharks: A Biomimetic Skeleton for the Flapping, Propulsive Tail of an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summers, Adam P.

    T The vertebral column is the primary stiffening element of the body of fish. This serially jointed axial support. Because of the functional importance of the vertebral column in the body undulations that power swimming, we targeted the vertebral column of cartilaginous fishes--sharks, skates, and rays-- for biomimetic

  11. NREL: Energy Sciences - Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14RecentGeospatial Analysis To performNewsLin Simpson

  12. Replica-exchange Wang Landau sampling: pushing the limits of Monte Carlo simulations in materials sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perera, Meewanage Dilina N; Li, Ying Wai; Eisenbach, Markus; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2015-01-01

    We describe the study of thermodynamics of materials using replica-exchange Wang Landau (REWL) sampling, a generic framework for massively parallel implementations of the Wang Landau Monte Carlo method. To evaluate the performance and scalability of the method, we investigate the magnetic phase transition in body-centered cubic (bcc) iron using the classical Heisenberg model parameterized with first principles calculations. We demonstrate that our framework leads to a significant speedup without compromising the accuracy and precision and facilitates the study of much larger systems than is possible with its serial counterpart.

  13. Basic Research Needs for Materials Under Extreme Environments. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Materials Under Extreme Environments, June 11-13, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wadsworth, J.; Crabtree, G. W.; Hemley, R. J.; Falcone, R.; Robertson, I.; Stringer, J.; Tortorelli, P.; Gray, G. T.; Nicol, M.; Lehr, J.; Tozer, S. W.; Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Vetrano, J. S.; Ashton, C. L.; Kitts, S.; Landson, C.; Campbell, B.; Gruzalski, G.; Stevens, D.

    2008-02-01

    To evaluate the potential for developing revolutionary new materials that will meet demanding future energy requirements that expose materials to environmental extremes.

  14. Scalable Routes to Efficient Thermoelectric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feser, Joseph Patrick

    2010-01-01

    thermoelectric materials consisting of epitaxially-grownefficient thermoelectric materials," Nature, vol. 451, pp.superlattice thermoelectric materials and devices," Science,

  15. Controlling the Movement of a TRR Spatial Chain with Coupled Six-bar Function Generators for Biomimetic Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plecnik, MM; McCarthy, JM

    2015-01-01

    thesis of spatial motion generators with prismatic, rev-II Six-bar Function Generators for 11 Accuracy Points,”Coupled Six-bar Function Generators for Biomimetic Motion

  16. This research emphasizes the use of Scanning/Transmission Electron Microscopy and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy to characterize several functional materials. Along with the fast development of science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This research emphasizes the use of Scanning/Transmission Electron Microscopy and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy to characterize several functional materials. Along with the fast development of science and technology, the studied materials is becoming more complicated and smaller. All

  17. Structural and functional biological materials : abalone nacre, sharp materials, and abalone foot adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Albert Yu-Min

    2008-01-01

    inorganic materials could lead to significant advances in materials science, opening the door to novel synthesis

  18. ysteresis is a nonlinear effect that arises in diverse disciplines ranging from physics to biology, from material science to mechanics, and from electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Xiaobo

    ]. By the 1920s, researchers in plasticity and soil mechanics had discovered the hysteresis phenomenon as well to biology, from material science to mechanics, and from electronics to economics. While ferromagnetism offers a classical example, hysteresis also appears in mechanical systems (in the form of backlash

  19. Polymer inking as a micro-and nanopatterning technique Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Steven C.

    Polymer inking as a micro- and nanopatterning technique L.-R. Bao Department of Materials Science September 2003; published 5 December 2003 A polymer inking technique was developed to form micro- and nanopatterns on a substrate. In this process, a polymer thin film is spin coated on a patterned mold. After

  20. To be presented at ACI Fall 2009 Session on "Material Science Modeling as a Solution to Concrete Problems" (New Orleans) Virtual Testing of Concrete Transport Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    To be presented at ACI Fall 2009 Session on "Material Science Modeling as a Solution to Concrete permeability test (RCPT) that simulates the standard ASTM test method for conductivity of concrete cylinders; durability; microstructure; permeability; transport; virtual testing. #12;Biography: ACI member Dale P. Bentz

  1. Materials Science and Engineering B 117 (2005) 5361 Finite element analysis-based design of a fluid-flow control nano-valve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2005-01-01

    Materials Science and Engineering B 117 (2005) 53­61 Finite element analysis-based design A finite element method-based procedure is developed for the design of molecularly functionalized nano of a fluid-flow control nano-valve. The results obtained suggest that the finite element-based procedure

  2. Materials Research Lab -Research Internships in Science and Engineering http://www.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/RISE/interns04.html[5/10/12 9:39:44 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    Materials The effect of microstructure on electrical properties of Strontium Titanate thin films Ariel Seshadri Materials Synthesis of CoZnO as a potential transparent dilute magnetic semiconductor material #12Materials Research Lab - Research Internships in Science and Engineering http

  3. Engineering Materials and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furui, Sadaoki

    Science Engineering Materials and Chemical Technology Computing Life Science and Technology Environment and Society Mathematics Physics Chemistry Earth and Planetary Sciences Mechanical Engineering Systems and Control Engineering Electrical and Electronic Engineering Information and Communications

  4. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd Allen

    2014-04-01

    Scientific Successes • The first phonon density of states (PDOS) measurements for UO2 to include anharmonicity were obtained using time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and an innovative, experimental-based anharmonic smoothing technique has enabled quantitative benchmarking of ab initio PDOS simulations. • Direct comparison between anharmonicity-smoothed ab initio PDOS simulations for UO2 and experimental measurements has demonstrated the need for improved understanding of UO2 at the level of phonon dispersion, and, further, that advanced lattice dynamics simulations including finite temperatures approaches will be required for handling this strongly correlated nuclear fuel. • PDOS measurements performed on polycrystalline samples have identified the phonon branches and energy ranges most highly impacted by fission-product and hyper-stoichiometry lattice defects in UO2. These measurements have revealed the broad-spectrum impact of oxygen hyper-stoichiometry on thermal transport. The reduction in thermal conductivity caused by hyper-stoichiometry is many times stronger than that caused by substitutional fission-product impurities. • Laser-based thermo-reflectance measurements on UO2 samples irradiated with light (i.e. He) ions to introduce point defects have been coupled with MD simulations and lattice parameter measurements to determine the role of uranium and oxygen point defects in reducing thermal conductivity. • A rigorous perturbation theory treatment of phonon lifetimes in UO2 based on a 3D discretization of the Brillouin zone coupled with experimentally measured phonon dispersion has been implemented that produces improved predictions of the temperature dependent thermal conductivity. • Atom probe investigations of the influence of grain boundary structure on the segregation behavior of Kr in UO2 have shown that smaller amounts of Kr are present at low angle grain boundaries than at large angle grain boundaries due to the more dense dislocation arrays associated with large angle boundaries; this observation has potentially important ramifications for thermal transport in the high burn-up rim region of light water reactor fuel. • A variable charge interatomic potential has been developed that not only provides an accurate representation of the fluorite UO2 phase, it is further capable of describing continuous stoichiometry changes from UO2 to hyper-stoichiometric UO2+x, to U4O9 and U3O7, and possibly to orthorhombic U3O8. This is the first potential that features many-body effects in all possible interactions (U-U, U-O and O-O) combined with the variable charge. • A theoretical proof has been formulated showing that it is necessary to use the so-called model C phase field approach, consisting of Cahn-Hilliard and Allen-Cahn equations, to describe void evolution in irradiated materials. This work resolved a longstanding literature controversy regarding how to model voids at the mesoscale. • A novel cluster dynamics model has been developed for the nucleation of voids and loops in UO2 under irradiation. This model is important in understanding the defect state of UO2 after irradiation and, more importantly, reveals off-stoichiometric states of irradiated UO2 that are critical for understanding the impact of irradiation on thermal transport. Personnel Successes

  5. Deformation Mechanisms in Nanocrystalline Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed, Farghalli A.; Yang, Heather

    2010-01-01

    2010 METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A 47. F.A.12. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A VOLUME 41A,of Slip: Progress in Materials Science, Pergamon Press,

  6. Sandia Energy - Wavelength Conversion Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wavelength Conversion Materials Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Wavelength Conversion Materials Wavelength Conversion MaterialsAlyssa...

  7. Facile one-pot synthesis of porphyrin based porous polymer networks (PPNs) as biomimetic catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, LF; Feng, DW; Liu, TF; Chen, YP; Fordham, S; Yuan, S; Tian, J; Zhou, HC

    2015-01-01

    Stable porphyrin based porous polymer networks, PPN-23 and PPN-24, have been synthesized through a facile one-pot approach by the aromatic substitution reactions of pyrrole and aldehydes. PPN-24(Fe) shows high catalytic efficiency as a biomimetic catalyst in the oxidation reaction of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) in the presence of H2O2.

  8. Clean Energy | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sciences, advanced materials, neutron sciences, nuclear sciences, and high-performance computing, and brings multidisciplinary teams together to address key issues. That...

  9. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDidDevelopment Top LDRDUniversitySchedules Print Current Science

  10. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| Stanford SynchrotronVideo-Contest Sign In AboutBiologicalScience

  11. An in-situ accelerator-based diagnostic for plasma-material interactions science in magnetic fusion devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartwig, Zachary Seth

    2014-01-01

    Plasma-material interactions (PMI) in magnetic fusion devices such as fuel retention, material erosion and redeposition, and material mixing present significant scientific and engineering challenges, particularly for the ...

  12. Biological and Chemical Sciences Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Organic Materials Chromatography Regulatory Science Synthesis and Characterization of Inorganic Materials Synthesis and Characterization of Organic Materials Research Centers International Center for Sensor Science, microbiology, molecular biophysics and biochem- istry; analytical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, materi- als

  13. An empirical study of a full-scale polymer thermochromic window and its implications on material science development objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eleanor S.

    2014-01-01

    based materials for adaptive solar control, Materials 2010,E. Jahns, Faēade systems with variable solar control usingthermotropic polymer blends, Solar Energy 72 (1) 31-42 (

  14. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute on the piezoelectric semiconductor materials, such as ZnO, ZnS, CdS and GaN. With the usage of these piezoelectric.37 eV and large free-exciton binding energy of 60 meV at room temperature. Furthermore, splendid one

  15. An Electric Ray Inspired Biomimetic Autonomous Underwater Vehicle P. Krishnamurthy, F. Khorrami, J. de Leeuw, M. E. Porter, K. Livingston, J. H. Long, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Jr., John H.

    An Electric Ray Inspired Biomimetic Autonomous Underwater Vehicle P. Krishnamurthy, F. Khorrami, J Biologically-inspired (or Biomimetic) Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (BAUV) in- spired by the Pacific electricBot" BAUV are described. Extensive observations of live electric rays provided key biological inspirations

  16. LANL: Materials Science Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    anode generator coupled with a high tem- perature theta-theta diffractometer and a Peltier-cooled solid state detector. Samples can be studied at temperatures up to 2700C and...

  17. Nuclear Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer under pressure |CafƩsNuclearNuclear16 Nuclear

  18. Sandia Energy - Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSampleLignin-Feasting Microbe HoldsMappingCapabilities Sandia

  19. Sandia Energy - Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSampleLignin-Feasting Microbe HoldsMappingCapabilities

  20. Chemistry & Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecoveryplanning CareerNationalCNMSTHEmaterialsEnergy Speeding

  1. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibiting Individual NotchInspiring Careers

  2. Mechanics of biomimetic materials for tissue engineering of the intervertebral disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strange, Daniel Geoffrey Tyler

    2013-04-16

    coefficient ?? Strain rate xx Nomenclature ? Strain ? Hay and Wolff correction factor ? Hydraulic permeability µ Dynamic viscosity ? Poisson's ratio (drained) ?eff(t) Effective Poisson's ratio ?u Undrained Poisson's ratio ? Porosity ? Density ? Stress ?i... the effect of shock loading to the brittle vertebrae through the viscoelastic dissipation of energy. Although the vertebrae are much stiffer than the IVD, they invariably fail first in pure compression due to brittle fracture (Skrzypiec et al., 2007). Unlike...

  3. Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials for Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make FuelsBioindustry CreatesBiological

  4. Flapping Flight for Biomimetic Robotic Insects Part I: System Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    , Wei Chung Wu, and Shankar Sastry, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences from those with either larger rotary, or fixed wing MAVs. In particular, the VIFS simulates wing, most research groups working on MAVs have their designs based on either fixed or rotary wings [1

  5. Permeability studies in biomimetic glycosaminoglycan-hydrogel membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattern, Kristin J. (Kristin Julie)

    2008-01-01

    The rates of water and solute transport tend to be lower in fibrous materials than in bulk solution. This phenomenon of "hindered transport" is caused by steric, hydrodynamic, and electrostatic interactions between the ...

  6. Synthesizing Smart Polymeric and Composite Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GONG, CHAOKUN

    2013-01-01

    Ebewele (eds), “Polymer science and technology”, CRC Press,polymer composite,” Composites Science and Technology, vol.polymer-composite materials: a review,” Composites Science and Technology,

  7. Protein Localization in Silica Nanospheres Derived via Biomimetic Mineralization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cardoso, Mateus B [ORNL; Luckarift, Heather [Air Force Research Laboratory; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL; Johnson, Glenn [Air Force Research Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    Lysozyme-templated precipitation of silica synthesized by sol-gel chemistry produces a composite material with antimicrobial properties. This study investigates the structural properties of the composite material that allow for retention of the antimicrobial activity of lysozyme. Scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy reveal that the composite has a hierarchical structure composed of quasi-spherical structures ({approx}450 nm diameter), which are in turn composed of closely packed spherical structures of {approx}8-10 nm in diameter. Using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) with contrast variation, the scattering signatures of the lysozyme and silica within the composite were separated. It was determined that the lysozyme molecules are spatially correlated in the material and form clusters with colloidal silica particles. The size of the clusters determined by SANS agrees well with the structural architecture observed by TEM. BET analysis revealed that the surface area of the composite is relatively low (4.73 m{sup 2}/g). However, after removal of the protein by heating to 200 C, the surface area is increased by {approx}20%. In addition to demonstrating a well organized sol-gel synthesis which generates a functional material with antimicrobial applications, the analysis and modeling approaches described herein can be used for characterizing a wide range of mesoporous and ultrastructural materials.

  8. The University of New Mexico An NSF Integrative Graduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    in Location: Room 101, Center for High Technology Materials (CHTM) 1313 Goddard SE SW corner of UNM's Science and Technology Park Polymer-Based Biomimetic Membranes on Solid Supports Monday, 24 Oct. 2011, 2:30 pm Speaker of polymer assemblies that improve on several materials science aspects of biomimetic membranes. Among

  9. Design specifications of the Human Robotic interface for the biomimetic underwater robot "yellow submarine project"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bheemaiah, Anil

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the design of a web based multi agent design for a collision avoidance auto navigation biomimetic submarine for submarine hydroelectricity. The paper describes the nature of the map - topology interface for river bodies and the design of interactive agents for the control of the robotic submarine. The agents are migratory on the web and are designed in XML/html interface with both interactive capabilities and visibility on a map. The paper describes mathematically the user interface and the map definition languages used for the multi agent description

  10. Biomimetic Model Studies Reveal the Role of the Ca2+ Ion in Photosystem II

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimetic Dye Molecules for Solar| Stanford

  11. ADVANCES IN APPLIED PLASMA SCIENCE, Vol.9, 2013 ISAPS '13, Istanbul Dynamic Simulation of Materials Modification and Deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    depends on many factors where consequences of plasma/wall interactions can be considered as the most of Materials Modification and Deuterium Retention in Tokamak Fusion Environment Tatyana Sizyuk and Ahmed various materials for coating of reactor walls, e.g., Be for the first wall and W and C for the divertor

  12. Laminin and biomimetic extracellular elasticity enhance functional differentiation in mammary epithelia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alcaraz, Jordi; Xu, Ren; Mori, Hidetoshi; Nelson, Celeste M.; Mroue, Rana; Spencer, Virginia A.; Brownfield, Doug; Radisky, Derek C.; Bustamante, Carlos; Bissell, Mina J.

    2008-10-20

    In the mammary gland, epithelial cells are embedded in a 'soft' environment and become functionally differentiated in culture when exposed to a laminin-rich extracellular matrix gel. Here, we define the processes by which mammary epithelial cells integrate biochemical and mechanical extracellular cues to maintain their differentiated phenotype. We used single cells cultured on top of gels in conditions permissive for {beta}-casein expression using atomic force microscopy to measure the elasticity of the cells and their underlying substrata. We found that maintenance of {beta}-casein expression required both laminin signalling and a 'soft' extracellular matrix, as is the case in normal tissues in vivo, and biomimetic intracellular elasticity, as is the case in primary mammary epithelial organoids. Conversely, two hallmarks of breast cancer development, stiffening of the extracellular matrix and loss of laminin signalling, led to the loss of {beta}-casein expression and non-biomimetic intracellular elasticity. Our data indicate that tissue-specific gene expression is controlled by both the tissues unique biochemical milieu and mechanical properties, processes involved in maintenance of tissue integrity and protection against tumorigenesis.

  13. Research News | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    sciences, primarily in physics but also including subject areas such as chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy...

  14. Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  15. College of Engineering and Science ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    , Hydrogeology, Industrial Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Mathematical Sciences, MechanicalCollege of Engineering and Science COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE The College of Engineering and Science offers advanced degrees in Automotive Engineering, Bioengineering, Biosystems Engineering, Chemi

  16. Process Simulation Role in the Development of New Alloys Based on Integrated Computational Material Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Porter, Wallace D [ORNL; Roy, Shibayan [ORNL; Shyam, Amit [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    To accelerate the introduction of new materials and components, the development of metal casting processes requires the teaming between different disciplines, as multi-physical phenomena have to be considered simultaneously for the process design and optimization of mechanical properties. The required models for physical phenomena as well as their validation status for metal casting are reviewed. The data on materials properties, model validation, and relevant microstructure for materials properties are highlighted. One vehicle to accelerate the development of new materials is through combined experimental-computational efforts. Integrated computational/experimental practices are reviewed; strengths and weaknesses are identified with respect to metal casting processes. Specifically, the examples are given for the knowledge base established at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and computer models for predicting casting defects and microstructure distribution in aluminum alloy components.

  17. Materials Science and Engineering B78 (2000) 1115 On the structure and composition of crystalline carbon nitride

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    2000-01-01

    and properties of such a hypothetical material is also significant to research in the fields of condensed matter-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. 2. Experimental The carbon nitride thin films were deposited on polished Si(100

  18. An in situ accelerator-based diagnostic for plasma-material interactions science on magnetic fusion devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartwig, Zachary S.; Barnard, Harold S.; Lanza, Richard C.; Sorbom, Brandon N.; Stahle, Peter W.; Whyte, Dennis G. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2013-12-15

    This paper presents a novel particle accelerator-based diagnostic that nondestructively measures the evolution of material surface compositions inside magnetic fusion devices. The diagnostic's purpose is to contribute to an integrated understanding of plasma-material interactions in magnetic fusion, which is severely hindered by a dearth of in situ material surface diagnosis. The diagnostic aims to remotely generate isotopic concentration maps on a plasma shot-to-shot timescale that cover a large fraction of the plasma-facing surface inside of a magnetic fusion device without the need for vacuum breaks or physical access to the material surfaces. Our instrument uses a compact (?1 m), high-current (?1 milliamp) radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator to inject 0.9 MeV deuterons into the Alcator C-Mod tokamak at MIT. We control the tokamak magnetic fields – in between plasma shots – to steer the deuterons to material surfaces where the deuterons cause high-Q nuclear reactions with low-Z isotopes ?5 ?m into the material. The induced neutrons and gamma rays are measured with scintillation detectors; energy spectra analysis provides quantitative reconstruction of surface compositions. An overview of the diagnostic technique, known as accelerator-based in situ materials surveillance (AIMS), and the first AIMS diagnostic on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak is given. Experimental validation is shown to demonstrate that an optimized deuteron beam is injected into the tokamak, that low-Z isotopes such as deuterium and boron can be quantified on the material surfaces, and that magnetic steering provides access to different measurement locations. The first AIMS analysis, which measures the relative change in deuterium at a single surface location at the end of the Alcator C-Mod FY2012 plasma campaign, is also presented.

  19. Porous hydroxyapatite-based obturation materials for dentistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    of Advanced Polymers & Optimized Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University Laboratory of Advanced Polymers & Optimized Materials, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringPorous hydroxyapatite-based obturation materials for dentistry Witold Brostowa) Laboratory

  20. NUCLEAR MATERIALS PROGRESS REPORTS FOR 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olander, D.R.

    2010-01-01

    Ceramics", Progress in Material Science 21, 307 (1976}. S. -heating techniques in material processing. Thermal analysisIrreversible Thermodynamics in Materials Problems", in Mass

  1. rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org Cite this article: Barthelat F, Mirkhalaf M.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    Subject Areas: biomimetics Keywords: biological materials, bioinspired composites, optimization, hybrid in engineering and biological materials science. Recent advances in topology optimization and bioinspiration have, topology optimization methods led to interesting new designs and classes of hybrid materials [5

  2. Hemocompatibility and biocompatibility of antibacterial biomimetic hybrid films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coll Ferrer, M. Carme; Eckmann, Uriel N.; Composto, Russell J.; Eckmann, David M.

    2013-11-01

    In previous work, we developed novel antibacterial hybrid coatings based on dextran containing dispersed Ag NPs (? 5 nm, DEX-Ag) aimed to offer dual protection against two of the most common complications associated with implant surgery, infections and rejection of the implant. However, their blood-material interactions are unknown. In this study, we assess the hemocompatibility and biocompatibility of DEX-Ag using fresh blood and two cell lines of the immune system, monocytes (THP-1 cells) and macrophages (PMA-stimulated THP-1 cells). Glass, polyurethane (PU) and bare dextran (DEX) were used as reference surfaces. PU, DEX and DEX-Ag exhibited non-hemolytic properties. Relative to glass (100%), platelet attachment on PU, DEX and DEX-Ag was 15%, 10% and 34%, respectively. Further, we assessed cell morphology and viability, pro-inflammatory cytokines expression (TNF-? and IL-1?), pro-inflammatory eicosanoid expression (Prostaglandin E{sub 2}, PGE{sub 2}) and release of reactive oxygen species (ROS, superoxide and H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) following incubation of the cells with the surfaces. The morphology and cell viability of THP-1 cells were not affected by DEX-Ag whereas DEX-Ag minimized spreading of PMA-stimulated THP-1 cells and caused a reduction in cell viability (16% relative to other surfaces). Although DEX-Ag slightly enhanced release of ROS, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines remained minimal with similar levels of PGE{sub 2}, as compared to the other surfaces studied. These results highlight low toxicity of DEX-Ag and hold promise for future applications in vivo. - Highlights: • We examined specific blood-contact reactions of dextran doped with Ag NPs coatings. • Biocompatibility was assessed with THP-1 cells and PMA-stimulated THP-1 cells. • Glass, polyurethane and dextran were used as reference surfaces. • Hybrid coatings exhibited non-hemolytic properties. • Low toxicity, inflammatory response and ROS suggest potential for in vivo use.

  3. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 17 (1998) 20832086 Effect of oxygen plasma treatment on SiO2 aerogel lms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    1998-01-01

    aerogel ®lms H.-H. PARK, M.-H. JO, H.-R. KIM, S.-H. HYUN Department of Ceramic Engineering, Yonsei with a lower dielectric constant material as an intermetal dielectric (IMD). SiO2 aerogel is a promising aerogel ®lm with 70% porosity exhibited the static dielectric constant of 2 at 1 MHz, and a leakage

  4. Chemistry and materials science progress report. Weapons-supporting research and laboratory directed research and development: FY 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    This report covers different materials and chemistry research projects carried out a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory during 1995 in support of nuclear weapons programs and other programs. There are 16 papers supporting weapons research and 12 papers supporting laboratory directed research.

  5. Dynamic fracture of granular material under quasi-static loading , The Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fineberg, Jay

    Dynamic fracture of granular material under quasi-static loading Amir Sagy1 , The Institute;Abstract The dynamics of rapid fracture in heterogeneous grainy media are studied in a series of laboratory experiments in which artificial rock slab is fractured under conditions of uniaxial tension. By performing

  6. ISSN 13921320 MATERIALS SCIENCE (MEDZIAGOTYRA). Vol. 16, No. 3. 2010 Concretes Containing Hematite for Use as Shielding Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    and hematite composites have lower drying shrinkage than plain concrete, thus lowering stresses resulting from the shrinkage. Keywords: hematite, heavyweight concrete, radiation shielding, concrete aggregate. 1 facilities. Concrete is a relatively inexpensive material, it can be easily handled and cast into complex

  7. SURFACE SCIENCE, WETTING, CONDENSATION, ENGINEERED Correspondence and requests for materials: konradr@asu.edu and varanasi@mit.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    body of work devoted to surface engineering for promoting dropwise condensation heat transfer of steam of these fluids, re-entrant omniphobic surfaces became flooded and reverted to filmwise condensation. We also mechanisms, methods, and materials for enhancing the condensation heat transfer rate of steam by promoting

  8. Research within this interdisciplinary field of material science is one of the main activities of the Inorganic Membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    -term stability of the Figure 1: Operating principle of a solid oxide fuel cell. Figure 2: Operating principle relates to a number of important technological applications, such as oxygen transport membranes, oxygen storage materials, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC's, Figure 1), solid acid fuel cells (SAFC's) and high

  9. The last century saw an explosion in activity in every avenue of materials science. As the understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-4111, USA *E-mail: takeuchi@umd.edu 2Department of Chemical Engineering and screening of large arrays of different materials. Pioneered by the pharmaceutical industry in the electronics industry are driven by continuing cycles of development and insertion of novel solid

  10. Hydrodynamic Instabilities Provide A Generic Route To Spontaneous Biomimetic Oscillations In Chemomechanically Active Filaments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhrajit Laskar; Rajeev Singh; Somdeb Ghose; Gayathri Jayaraman; P. B. Sunil Kumar; R. Adhikari

    2013-06-11

    Non-equilibrium processes which convert chemical energy into mechanical motion enable the motility of organisms. Bundles of inextensible filaments driven by energy transduction of molecular motors form essential components of micron-scale motility engines like cilia and flagella. The mimicry of cilia-like motion in recent experiments on synthetic active filaments supports the idea that generic physical mechanisms may be sufficient to generate such motion. Here we show, theoretically, that the competition between the destabilising effect of hydrodynamic interactions induced by force-free and torque-free chemomechanically active flows, and the stabilising effect of nonlinear elasticity, provides a generic route to spontaneous oscillations in active filaments. These oscillations, reminiscent of prokaryotic and eukaryotic flagellar motion, are obtained without having to invoke structural complexity or biochemical regulation. This minimality implies that biomimetic oscillations, previously observed only in complex bundles of active filaments, can be replicated in simple chains of generic chemomechanically active beads.

  11. Materials and Molecular Research Division: Annual report, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, N.E.; Muller, R.H.; Peterson, C.V.

    1987-07-01

    Research activities are reported under the following headings: materials sciences, chemical sciences, nuclear sciences, fossil energy, energy storage systems, and work for others. (DLC)

  12. Sandia Energy - Light Creation Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Light Creation Materials Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Light Creation Materials Light Creation MaterialsAlyssa Christy2015-03-26T16:28:52+00...

  13. Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences: Accelerating Scientific Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hules, John A

    2009-01-01

    COMPUTING SCIENCES Chemistry Fusion Energy Materials Scienceclimate change, combustion, fusion energy, nanotechnol- ogy,

  14. Considerations for Contractile Electroactive Materials and Actuators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenore Rasmussen, David Schramm, Paul Rasmussen, Kevin Mullaly, Ras Labs, LLC, Intelligent Materials for Prosthetics & Automation, Lewis D. Meixler, Daniel Pearlman and Alice Kirk

    2011-05-23

    Ras Labs produces contractile electroactive polymer (EAP) based materials and actuators that bend, swell, ripple, and contract (new development) with low electric input. In addition, Ras Labs produces EAP materials that quickly contract and expand, repeatedly, by reversing the polarity of the electric input, which can be cycled. This phenomenon was explored using molecular modeling, followed by experimentation. Applied voltage step functions were also investigated. High voltage steps followed by low voltage steps produced a larger contraction followed by a smaller contraction. Actuator control by simply adjusting the electric input is extremely useful for biomimetic applications. Muscles are able to partially contract. If muscles could only completely contract, nobody could hold an egg, for example, without breaking it. A combination of high and low voltage step functions could produce gross motor function and fine manipulation within the same actuator unit. Plasma treated electrodes with various geometries were investigated as a means of providing for more durable actuation.

  15. Interfacial and Surface Science | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLANIsProcess Relevant to Carbon

  16. Science Park Science Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    Science Park Science Park Science Park Science Park Science Park Kruislaan Kruislaan Science Park SURFsara NLeSC Polder Anna Hoeve Telecity Matrix Innovation Center AUC AMOLF ARCNL UvA Faculty of Science Equinix Universum CWI UvA Oerknal Meet & Eat Maslow Spar ACE Venture Lab IXA ILCA NS Amsterdam Science

  17. More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and technology solutions. To execute these activities, ORNL integrates and applies knowledge in a wide set of scientific disciplines such as materials science, physics,...

  18. Materials Department Annual Report 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Technology 37 4.1 Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Composites 37 4.2 Polymer Antioxidants 38 4-2840 ISSN 0906-3242 Grafisk Service, Riso, 1993 #12;Contents ^n Introduction 5 ^ y Materials Science 13 2.1 Modelling within Materials Science 13 2.2 Micromechanical Modelling /> 2.3 Scale-Effects in C u V IT 2A

  19. Fusion Engineering ScienceFusion Engineering Science Subgroup ASubgroup A Subgroup BSubgroup B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Fusion Engineering ScienceFusion Engineering Science Subgroup ASubgroup A Subgroup BSubgroup B chamber engineering science knowledge base moves to the forefront of issues. This knowledge base in structural materials - fundamental deformation and fracture mechanisms in materials - surface chemistry

  20. 1 1/28/2014 Physical Sciences Directorate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Manager Basic Energy Sciences Program Michelle Buchanan Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences, Director Materials Science and Technology Division Gene Ice, Director #12;

  1. Module Encapsulation Materials, Processing and Testing (Presentation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Module Encapsulation Materials, Processing and Testing (Presentation) Pern, J. 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ENCAPSULATION; PROCESSING; RELIABILITY; TESTING PV; MODULE...

  2. 3.014 Materials Laboratory, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayes, Anne M.

    This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering ...

  3. FUNCTIONAL AND SMART MATERIALS -Structural evolution and structure analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    are a new emerging materials system which combines contemporary materials science with information science algorithm. Science and technology in the 21st century will rely heavily on the development of new materials, life science, energy, transportation, safety engineering and military technologies. Materials

  4. The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Allen, Todd (Director, Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel); CMSNF Staff

    2011-11-02

    'The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)' was submitted by the CMSNF to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMSNF, an EFRC directed by Todd Allen at the Idaho National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: INL (lead), Colorado School of Mines, University of Florida, Florida State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels is 'to achieve a first-principles based understanding of the effect of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels.' Research topics are: phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, and matter by design.

  5. Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002, pp: 15-20 Periodical: Key Engineering Materials Vols. 228-229

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Haydn H.

    Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002://www.ttp.net #12;Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002://www.ttp.net #12;Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002

  6. Materials Project: A Materials Genome Approach

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Ceder, Gerbrand [MIT; Persson, Kristin [LBNL

    Technological innovation - faster computers, more efficient solar cells, more compact energy storage - is often enabled by materials advances. Yet, it takes an average of 18 years to move new materials discoveries from lab to market. This is largely because materials designers operate with very little information and must painstakingly tweak new materials in the lab. Computational materials science is now powerful enough that it can predict many properties of materials before those materials are ever synthesized in the lab. By scaling materials computations over supercomputing clusters, this project has computed some properties of over 80,000 materials and screened 25,000 of these for Li-ion batteries. The computations predicted several new battery materials which were made and tested in the lab and are now being patented. By computing properties of all known materials, the Materials Project aims to remove guesswork from materials design in a variety of applications. Experimental research can be targeted to the most promising compounds from computational data sets. Researchers will be able to data-mine scientific trends in materials properties. By providing materials researchers with the information they need to design better, the Materials Project aims to accelerate innovation in materials research.[copied from http://materialsproject.org/about] You will be asked to register to be granted free, full access.

  7. This section of Journal of Materials Research is reserved for papers that are reviews of literature in a given area. Towards an integrated materials characterization toolbox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    , Massachusetts 02139 John S. Vetrano Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences Dorte Juul Jensen Risų National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Materials Research Division, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 David C. Dunand Department of Materials Science

  8. Thin-Film Material Science and Processing | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr. JeffreyThermalš ƐƓƔƑ ƒƘ ƓworkThin-Film

  9. Science Outreach Science Outreach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    Science Outreach Science Outreach AT SFU'S FACULTY OF SCIENCE OUR PASSION IS SCIENCE EDUCATION At SFU's Faculty of Science our passion is science education #12;coming sooncoming soon The Trottier 2015. The Trottier Observatory will be an anchor for a science plaza located in front of Strand Hall

  10. 2012 BIOINSPIRED MATERIALS GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE, JUNE 24-29, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chilkoti, Ashutosh

    2013-06-29

    The emerging, interdisciplinary field of Bioinspired Materials focuses on developing a fundamental understanding of the synthesis, directed self-assembly and hierarchical organization of natural occurring materials, and uses this understanding to engineer new bioinspired artificial materials for diverse applications. The inaugural 2012 Gordon Conference on Bioinspired Materials seeks to capture the excitement of this burgeoning field by a cutting-edge scientific program and roster of distinguished invited speakers and discussion leaders who will address the key issues in the field. The Conference will feature a wide range of topics, such as materials and devices from DNA, reprogramming the genetic code for design of new materials, peptide, protein and carbohydrate based materials, biomimetic systems, complexity in self-assembly, and biomedical applications of bioinspired materials.

  11. International science conferences in Santa Fe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International science conferences International science conferences in Santa Fe The conference are 2012 International Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials and Computer...

  12. MATERIALS SCIENCE National University Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogawa, Mizuhito

    Device Research Center Research Center for Highly Environmental and Recyclable Polymers Research Center

  13. Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT * LOWBenefits DOEBennoBerkeley How

  14. Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT * LOWBenefits DOEBennoBerkeley How

  15. Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMayARM-0501 Marine StratusChemCamChemicalCMS User Feedback

  16. Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMayARM-0501 Marine StratusChemCamChemicalCMS User

  17. Research Staff | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 WinnersAffiliatesMadden-JulianOut withResearch Sheds Light on

  18. Sandia Energy Ā» Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-ThroughputUpcoming Release of the University of Minnesota's VirtualSandia Wins

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of raregovAboutRecoveryplanning CareerNational Laboratory EFRCRelated

  20. Beyond Conventional Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries and Na-ion Batteries Nickel fluoride conversion materials and P2 type Na-ion intercalation cathodes /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dae Hoe

    2013-01-01

    materials. Energy & Environmental Science 4, 3680 (Sep,ion batteries. Energy & Environmental Science 4, 3223 (Sep,study. Energy & Environmental Science, A. Rudola, K.

  1. Materials World Network: Phase change materials for nanoelectronics: A combinatorial approach to mechanistic understanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    Materials World Network: Phase change materials for nanoelectronics: A combinatorial approach, III, Micron Technology Inc., Boise, ID Toyohiro Chikyow, National Institute for Materials Science is formed to exploit the new technology of combinatorial materials exploration (CME) to address fundamental

  2. Grain Boundary (GB) Studies in Nano- and Micro- Crystalline Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanju, Mst Sohanazaman

    2011-01-01

    boundaries in silicon? Materials research society, Vol.122,bicrystal? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3137- 5.in ZnO? Journal of Materials Science, 40(2005)3067-3074. 6.

  3. Bachelor's, master's and Ph.D. programs in Materials Science and Engineering Partner in the statewide Center for Advanced Energy Studies at the Idaho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Center for Materials Characterization, the CAES Microscopy and Characterization Suite and other state

  4. SCIENCE & ENGINEERING84 Understanding Paper Codes 85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikato, University of

    SCIENCE & ENGINEERING84 PAPERS Understanding Paper Codes 85 100 Level Science Papers 86 Biological Sciences 87 Chemistry 94 Earth Sciences 99 Electronics 106 Engineering 111 Environmental Sciences 115 Material and Processing 116 Physics 124 Psychology 127 Work Placements 133 ­ Science 133 ­ Engineering 134

  5. Rapid synthesis of polymer-silica hybrid nanofibers by biomimetic mineralization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    (organic/inorganic) materials for various functional purposes through biomineralization processes [1 materials, organic molecules are closely integrated with inorganic moieties for various structural composites represent one such class of hybrid organic/inorganic material with various applications

  6. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Program of Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Program of Study Correspondence The Department of Mechanical Engineering offers graduate programs in the fields of thermal science and engineering mechanics. Current areas of research activity include Biomedical Engineering, Biomimetics, Composite Materials, Computational Mechanics

  7. Disposal: Science and Theory Disposal: Science and Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Eric R.

    Disposal: Science and Theory #12;Disposal: Science and Theory Composting · Composting is defined drop #12;Disposal: Science and Theory Composting · Optimal composting ­ Carbon to nitrogen ratio (C;Disposal: Science and Theory Compost Composition · A variety of supplemental carbon materials have been

  8. National Science Foundation Scholarships for Engineering and Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    National Science Foundation Scholarships for Engineering and Computer Science $2,000 - $5 be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident; 2) Demonstrated financial need (2014-15 FAFSA on file at Boise Science, Electrical Engineering, Material Science & Engineering or Mechanical Engineering 7) Once accepted

  9. Roadmap: Engineering Technology -Electronics Engineering Technology -Bachelor of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    36620 Project Management in Engineering and Technology 3 ! TECH 33363 Metallurgy and Materials Science

  10. Theory, Modeling & Simulation | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Theory and Simulation SHARE Materials Theory and Simulation ORNL conducts a broad range of theoretical research in the physical sciences with over 60 staff members and...

  11. Packaging Materials of the 21st Century: "Sustainable Nano-Materials...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Source Thao: EMPA 2011 Needs Replace non-renewable & Non compostable packaging Reduce food wastage Source:Conservation, Summer 2012 Bio-mimetic Processes Leveraging...

  12. SuperComputing | Energy Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Storage Future Technology Knowledge Discovery Materials Mathematics National Security Systems Modeling Engineering Analysis Behavioral Sciences Geographic Information...

  13. FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SRP radioactive waste releases. Startup through 1959 Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS;...

  14. Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences: Accelerating Scientific Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hules, John A

    2009-01-01

    Chemistry Fusion Energy Materials Science Accelerating Scienti?c Discovery High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Visualization & Analytics

  15. Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Physical Sciences Directorate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy efficiency, renewable energy, transportation, conservation, fossil energy, fusion energy, nuclear power, and space exploration. Visit the Materials Science &...

  16. Materials at LANL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Antoinette J

    2010-01-01

    Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

  17. Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Fisheries Science Center, NMFS, NOAA #12;Pacific Island Fisheries Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Science Center Ecosystems and Oceanography Division Pelagic Fisheries Research Program Materials

  18. 3. Advanced Polymer Molecular Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duh, Kevin

    Development to Realize New Energy and Electrical Equipment Advanced Functional Materials 100 nm (PEN and Electrons Surface and Materials Science 1. New Photo-Functional Materials Using Quantum Effects Quantum Analysis System and Molecular Imagining Sensory Materials and Devices 1 mm #12;26. New Material

  19. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    turbines, jet engines, nuclear power plants and space crafts, have placed severe demands on highSCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

  20. Chemistry and Materials Science Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory-Directed Research and Development. Second half progress report, FY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research are surface research, uranium research, physics and processing of metals, energetic materials. Group study areas included strength of Al and Al-Mg/alumina bonds, advanced synchrotron radiation study of materials, and theory, modeling, and computation. Individual projects were life prediction for composites and thermoelectric materials with exceptional figures of merit. The laboratory-directed R and D include director`s initiatives (aerogel-based electronic devices, molecular levels of energetic materials), individual projects, and transactinium institute studies. An author index is provided.