National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for biological origin constituting

  1. The Constitutional Origins of the President's Foreign Affairs Power 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thoma, Oliver

    2011-08-08

    to unlock the original understanding of the Constitution to the “citizens, polemicists, and convention delegates who participated in one way or another in ratification.” Recent scholarship in the nature of the executive’s foreign affair power has suffered...

  2. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Biologically Active Blood Plasma-Based Biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Lee E.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Biologically Active Blood Plasma-Based Biomaterials as a New Paradigm developed solid, bioactive plasma-based biomaterials (PBMs) that may address these issues. Unlike platelet: biology; biomaterial; engineering; growth factors; medicine; platelet-rich plasma Introduction

  3. d Original Contribution ELECTROMECHANICAL WAVE IMAGING OF BIOLOGICALLY AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konofagou, Elisa E.

    d Original Contribution ELECTROMECHANICAL WAVE IMAGING OF BIOLOGICALLY AND ELECTRICALLY PACED; in final form 26 August 2013) Abstract--Electromechanical Wave Imaging (EWI) has been show capable of directly and entirely non-invasively mapping the trans mural electromechanical activation in all four

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Behavior of Charged Particles in a Biological Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halgamuge, Malka N.

    form: September 29, 2010 Abstract Exposure to electromagnetic fields is a research area that has are vectors) in a magnetic field B is always perpendicular to v and B (Popp, 1994). The biological effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) are limited by the position of the biological system with respect to the field

  5. HYDROCARBONS OF BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN FROM A ONE-BILLION YEAR OLD SEDIMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eglinton, Geoffrey.; Scott, P.M.; Belsky, Ted.; Burlingame, A.L.; Calvin, Melvin.; Cloud Jr., Preston E.

    1964-01-01

    Contract No. W-7405-eng-48 HYDROCARBONS OF BIOLOGICAL ORIGINAbstract The isoprenoid hydrocarbons, phytane (C 20H4Z) andThe identification of these hydrocarbons augurs well for the

  6. Does Australia Have a Constitution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Kenneth R.; Schweber, Howard H.

    2008-01-01

    338, 353 (Austl. ). DOES AUSTRALIA HAVE A CONSTITUTION?Nov. 8, 2006. TIMES, DOES AUSTRALIA HAVE A CONSTITUTION?DOES AUSTRALIA HAVE A CONSTITUTION? PART I: POWERS - A

  7. Kenya's New Constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    On 4 August 2010, Kenyans voted to adopt a new constitution, culminating a process that began as part of a resolution to the violent conflict that followed the December 2007 elections. By reducing executive power, devolving ...

  8. Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    Nightty Enrichment} is a FREE tutoring program to neip students succeed in ?rst year. Biology science courses. CUSINE offers eyening tutoring right in your own ...

  9. Coherence and Decoherence in Biological Systems: Principles of Noise Assisted Transport and the Origin of Long-lived Coherences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Chin; S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

    2012-03-15

    The quantum dynamics of transport networks in the presence of noisy environments have recently received renewed attention with the discovery of long-lived coherences in different photosynthetic complexes. This experimental evidence has raised two fundamental questions: Firstly, what are the mechanisms supporting long-lived coherences and secondly, how can we assess the possible functional role that the interplay of noise and quantum coherence might play in the seemingly optimal operation of biological systems under natural conditions? Here we review recent results, illuminate them at the hand of two paradigmatic systems, the Fenna-Matthew-Olson (FMO) complex and the light harvesting complex LHII, and present new progress on both questions. In particular we introduce the concept of the phonon antennae and discuss the possible microscopic origin or long-lived electronic coherences.

  10. Crushed Salt Constitutive Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callahan, G.D.

    1999-02-01

    The constitutive model used to describe the deformation of crushed salt is presented in this report. Two mechanisms -- dislocation creep and grain boundary diffusional pressure solution -- are combined to form the basis for the constitutive model governing the deformation of crushed salt. The constitutive model is generalized to represent three-dimensional states of stress. Upon complete consolidation, the crushed-salt model reproduces the Multimechanism Deformation (M-D) model typically used for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) host geological formation salt. New shear consolidation tests are combined with an existing database that includes hydrostatic consolidation and shear consolidation tests conducted on WIPP and southeastern New Mexico salt. Nonlinear least-squares model fitting to the database produced two sets of material parameter values for the model -- one for the shear consolidation tests and one for a combination of the shear and hydrostatic consolidation tests. Using the parameter values determined from the fitted database, the constitutive model is validated against constant strain-rate tests. Shaft seal problems are analyzed to demonstrate model-predicted consolidation of the shaft seal crushed-salt component. Based on the fitting statistics, the ability of the model to predict the test data, and the ability of the model to predict load paths and test data outside of the fitted database, the model appears to capture the creep consolidation behavior of crushed salt reasonably well.

  11. Biology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSamplerBiological Imaging byU.S.

  12. The ``Alternative'' Choice of Constitutive Exons throughout Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pupko, Tal

    The ``Alternative'' Choice of Constitutive Exons throughout Evolution Galit Lev-Maor1[ , Amir Goren of Neurobiochemistry, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel Alternative cassette exons are known to originate from two by which constitutively spliced exons become alternative cassette exons during evolution. We compiled

  13. Does Australia Have a Constitution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Kenneth R.; Schweber, Howard H.

    2008-01-01

    constitutionalism by both political actors and courts. 62.benevo- lence of political actors, faith that has largelyon a set of relevant political actors. Where conven- tions

  14. Anti-Constitutionalism: Frontiers sans Frontiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jack

    2012-01-01

    Constitutionalism: Frontiers sans Frontiers By Jack EdwardConstitutionalism: Frontiers sans Frontiers by Jack EdwardAnti-Constitutionalism: Frontiers sans Frontiers, maps and

  15. Constitutive modeling of active polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Therkelsen, Scott V. (Scott Vincent), 1980-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis develops a three-dimensional constitutive model of active polymeric materials, including changes in material volume and properties due to actuation. Active polymers reversibly change shape, volume and/or material ...

  16. Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprising Divides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Mike; Frisby, Tammy; Kousser, Thad B

    2010-01-01

    Issue 2 Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprisingviews on constitutional reform than whites and African-and opposition to proposed reforms, such as the elimination

  17. What constitutes a proper description?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Ramey, Rob Roy, II

    2005-09-01

    “Proletarian Cultural Revolution” (1966–76). After 1978, Chinese botanists resumed and greatly accelerated their efforts, with major financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Ministry... of Science and Technology. Finally, after 45 years of extraordinary effort by 312 Chinese botanists representing four generations, the Flora has been completed. It consists of 126 books, which constitute 80 volumes; it includes 31,141 species, 3407 genera...

  18. Statutory Interpretation and Constitutional Legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, David

    L.Q.R. 498-513. 5 Barak, loc. cit., n. 2 above (references in original). 6 Attorney General (New South Wales) v. Brewery Employees Union of New South Wales (Union Label) (1908) 6 C.L.R. 469, HC of Australia, at 612 per Higgins J.: “it is a...

  19. Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420151Political systems and constitutional lawModule Title: Constitutional lawPre-requisite: Module Type: department requirementModule level: First Year Evening StudyDaytime StudyCredit Hours: 3 Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module coordinator jo

  20. University of Vermont Faculty Senate Constitution and Bylaws CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS, FACULTY SENATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    University of Vermont Faculty Senate Constitution and Bylaws 1 CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS, FACULTY, 2014. Preamble. The administration and the Faculty Senate of the University of Vermont share the University of Vermont Faculty Senate is empowered: 1.1 To review and establish policy with respect

  1. Marine Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaffino, Kyle

    2013-01-01

    this  door. ”   Marine  Biology   I  joined  the  military  RIVERSIDE   Marine  Biology   A Thesis submitted in partialBiology                                                                                                                        

  2. ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yongcheng

    ConstitutionAve. CityParkAve. SkylineDr. West Plum St. West Elizabeth St. International House 1400 Environmental Research Center Greenhouse Animal Sciences Morgan Library Natural Resources Lagoon Arthur Ditch Center A College Avenue Gym Field House National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation Alder Hall

  3. Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for...

  4. Chemistry & Biology Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Loren

    Chemistry & Biology Perspective The Origin of RNA and ``My Grandfather's Axe'' Nicholas V. Hud,1 *Correspondence: hud@gatech.edu http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2013.03.012 The origin of RNA is one

  5. BE.442 Molecular Structure of Biological Materials, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shuguang, Dr.

    Basic molecular structural principles of biological materials. Molecular structures of various materials of biological origin, including collagen, silk, bone, protein adhesives, GFP, self-assembling peptides. Molecular ...

  6. BE.442 Molecular Structure of Biological Materials, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shuguang, Dr.

    Basic molecular structural principles of biological materials. Molecular structures of various materials of biological origin, including collagen, silk, bone, protein adhesives, GFP, self-assembling peptides. Molecular ...

  7. Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Fang Chang

    2008-01-02

    The loop quantum theory, which constitutes a very small discontinuous space, as new method is applied to biology. The model of protein folding and lungs is proposed. In the model, some known results are used, and four approximate conclusions are obtained: their structures are quantized, their space regions are finite, various singularities correspond to folding and crossed points, and different types of catastrophe exist. Further, based on the inseparability and correlativity of the biological systems, the nonlinear whole biology is proposed, and four basic hypotheses are formed. It may unify reductionism and holism, structuralism and functionalism. Finally, the medical meaning of the theory is discussed briefly.

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE A Constitutive Model For the Warp-Weft Coupled Non-linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Batmanathan Dayanand "Daya"

    ) on the development of airship fabrics. However, the first real model for fabric forces was presented by Peirce (1937

  9. Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Our Locations Albuquerque Complex Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Constitution And Bylaws Excerpts from the FAPAC...

  10. Changing Constitutions: Judicial Review and Redemption in the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatmaytan-Mango, Dante

    2007-01-01

    13, 2006. 35. Embattled Philippine leader Arroyo Calls forRevise the Constitution? , PHILIPPINE DAILY Apr. 16, 2006,Charter Change a Must, PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER, Oct. 20,

  11. A CONTINUUM MECHANICS PRIMER On Constitutive Theories of Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, I-Shih

    A CONTINUUM MECHANICS PRIMER On Constitutive Theories of Materials I-SHIH LIU Rio de Janeiro #12 of basic equations of material bodies. Particular emphases are placed on general physical requirements, which have to be satisfied by constitutive equations of material models. After introduction

  12. Volume equalized constitutive equations for foamed polymer solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valkó, Peter

    Volume equalized constitutive equations for foamed polymer solutions P. Valko and M. J. Economides; accepted 21 April 1992) Synopsis In order to develop a constitutive equation for foamed polymer solutions Hydroxypropylguar (HPG) solutions containing a small amount of foaming agent and foamed by nitrogen and/or carbon

  13. COMMENTS AND CONTROVERSIES How Many Subjects Constitute a Study?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakes, Terry

    COMMENTS AND CONTROVERSIES How Many Subjects Constitute a Study? Karl J. Friston, Andrew P. Holmes-effects models with relatively small numbers of subjects. The second requires random-effect analyses and larger contend with practical constraints on the number of subjects that constitute a study. These constraints

  14. Current Biology, Vol. 14, 231235, February 3, 2004, 2004 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2004.01.024 Independent Origins of Indian Caste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard, Cordaux,

    . DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2004.01.024 Independent Origins of Indian Caste and Tribal Paternal Lineages diversity of India as well as forD-04103 Leipzig Germany investigating the origins of caste populations of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine absence of Y chromosome haplogroups in just two tribal and six caste groups

  15. A phenomenological constitutive model for magnetic shape memory alloys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiefer, Bjoern

    2007-04-25

    A thermodynamics-based constitutive model is derived which predicts the nonlinear strain and magnetization response that magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs) exhibit when subjected to mechanical and magnetic loads. The ...

  16. Constitutive equations for superelasticity in crystalline shape-memory materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thamburaja, Prakash, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    A crystal-mechanics-based constitutive model for polycrystalline shape-memory materials has been developed. The model has been implemented in a finite-element program. Finite-element calculations of polycrystal response ...

  17. Narrative, Interpretation, and the Ratification of the Constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, Pauline

    I am grateful to the participants in this forum for their careful and enthusiastic responses to Ratification: The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788. Some comments usefully extend the discussion beyond what’s in the ...

  18. Navigation Links Biology News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary Biology Navigation Medical Navigation MHOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS Single-cell transfection tool enables added control

  19. Biological Safety

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE's Biological Safety Program provides a forum for the exchange of best practices, lessons learned, and guidance in the area of biological safety. This content is supported by the Biosurety Executive Team. The Biosurety Executive Team is a DOE-chartered group. The DOE Office of Worker Safety and Health Policy provides administrative support for this group. The group identifies biological safety-related issues of concern to the DOE and pursues solutions to issues identified.

  20. Constitutive Theory for Velocity Dispersion in Rock with Dual Porosity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, H F; Berryman, J G

    2002-03-28

    The high frequency behavior of the bulk modulus of fluid-saturated rock can be obtained from a double-porosity constitutive model, which is a direct conceptual extension of Biot's (1941) constitutive equations and which provides additional stiffening due to unrelaxed induced pore pressures in the soft porosity phase. Modeling the stiffening of the shear modulus at high frequency requires an effective medium average over the unequal induced pore pressures in cracks of different orientations. The implicit assumptions are that pore fluid equilibration does not occur between cracks of different orientations and between cracks and porous matrix. The correspondence between the constitutive equations of Berryman and Wang (1995) and Mavko and Jizba (1991) is explicitly noted.

  1. Quantum Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Sergi

    2009-07-11

    A critical assessment of the recent developments of molecular biology is presented. The thesis that they do not lead to a conceptual understanding of life and biological systems is defended. Maturana and Varela's concept of autopoiesis is briefly sketched and its logical circularity avoided by postulating the existence of underlying {\\it living processes}, entailing amplification from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale, with increasing complexity in the passage from one scale to the other. Following such a line of thought, the currently accepted model of condensed matter, which is based on electrostatics and short-ranged forces, is criticized. It is suggested that the correct interpretation of quantum dispersion forces (van der Waals, hydrogen bonding, and so on) as quantum coherence effects hints at the necessity of including long-ranged forces (or mechanisms for them) in condensed matter theories of biological processes. Some quantum effects in biology are reviewed and quantum mechanics is acknowledged as conceptually important to biology since without it most (if not all) of the biological structures and signalling processes would not even exist. Moreover, it is suggested that long-range quantum coherent dynamics, including electron polarization, may be invoked to explain signal amplification process in biological systems in general.

  2. On the Constitutive Relations in Thermo-Electroelasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriano Montanaro

    2015-04-21

    We give a derivation of the thermodynamic restrictions on the constitutive relations of an electrically polarizable and finitely deformable heat conducting elastic continuum, interacting with the electric field. This is made following the method of Coleman-Noll in a thermodynamic theory with the Clausius-Duhem inequality.

  3. Constitutive modeling of nanotubereinforced polymer composites G.M. Odegarda,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odegard, Gregory M.

    constitutive models for polymer composite systems reinforced with single- walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT as compared to stan- dard structural materials. In particular, carbon nanotube/ polymer composites may provide order-of-magnitude increases in strength and stiffness when compared to typi- cal carbon fiber/polymer

  4. CONSTITUTION of the FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    CONSTITUTION of the FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE & ENGINEERING Approved March 27, 2014 Preamble of the Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering, University of Toronto. Every member of Council has a duty that is consistent with the best interests of the public, the engineering profession, the University and the Faculty

  5. Engineering World Health (University of Wisconsin-Madison Chapter) Constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    Engineering World Health (University of Wisconsin-Madison Chapter) Constitution: Article I The name of the organization shall be Engineering World Health (UW Madison Chapter). Article II It shall be the purpose and mission of Engineering World Health (UW Madison Chapter) to deliver medical expertise and equipment

  6. A TemperatureDependent Constitutive Model for Relaxor Ferroelectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be quantified to achieve their potential in high performance system design. Throughout the temperature range on both the operating temperature and frequency. The manner through which these properties are manifestedA Temperature­Dependent Constitutive Model for Relaxor Ferroelectrics Ralph C. Smith Center

  7. MFR PAPER 1075 Soviet vessels " constitute more than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to develop new fishing techniques and methods in order to extend its operations into every ocean in the world into nontraditional fishing areas and to seek new species in order to meet the catch targets set by the centralMFR PAPER 1075 Soviet vessels " constitute more than a quarter of the world's fishing fleet

  8. National Laboratory] Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Achievements of structural genomics Terwilliger, Thomas C. Los Alamos National Laboratory Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological Science Biological Science Abstract Not...

  9. Quantum physics meets biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Arndt; Thomas Juffmann; Vlatko Vedral

    2009-11-01

    Quantum physics and biology have long been regarded as unrelated disciplines, describing nature at the inanimate microlevel on the one hand and living species on the other hand. Over the last decades the life sciences have succeeded in providing ever more and refined explanations of macroscopic phenomena that were based on an improved understanding of molecular structures and mechanisms. Simultaneously, quantum physics, originally rooted in a world view of quantum coherences, entanglement and other non-classical effects, has been heading towards systems of increasing complexity. The present perspective article shall serve as a pedestrian guide to the growing interconnections between the two fields. We recapitulate the generic and sometimes unintuitive characteristics of quantum physics and point to a number of applications in the life sciences. We discuss our criteria for a future quantum biology, its current status, recent experimental progress and also the restrictions that nature imposes on bold extrapolations of quantum theory to macroscopic phenomena.

  10. Wall Adhesion and Constitutive Modelling of Strong Colloidal Gels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel R. Lester; Richard Buscall; Anthony D. Stickland; Peter J. Scales

    2014-06-24

    Wall adhesion effects during batch sedimentation of strongly flocculated colloidal gels are commonly assumed to be negligible. In this study in-situ measurements of colloidal gel rheology and solids volume fraction distribution suggest the contrary, where significant wall adhesion effects are observed in a 110mm diameter settling column. We develop and validate a mathematical model for the equilibrium stress state in the presence of wall adhesion under both viscoplastic and viscoelastic constitutive models. These formulations highlight fundamental issues regarding the constitutive modeling of colloidal gels, specifically the relative utility and validity of viscoplastic and viscoelastic rheological models under arbitrary tensorial loadings. The developed model is validated against experimental data, which points toward a novel method to estimate the shear and compressive yield strength of strongly flocculated colloidal gels from a series of equilibrium solids volume fraction profiles over various column widths.

  11. Slag Behavior in Gasifiers. Part II: Constitutive Modeling of Slag

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massoudi, Mehrdad; Wang, Ping

    2013-02-07

    The viscosity of slag and the thermal conductivity of ash deposits are among two of the most important constitutive parameters that need to be studied. The accurate formulation or representations of the (transport) properties of coal present a special challenge of modeling efforts in computational fluid dynamics applications. Studies have indicated that slag viscosity must be within a certain range of temperatures for tapping and the membrane wall to be accessible, for example, between 1,300 °C and 1,500 °C, the viscosity is approximately 25 Pa·s. As the operating temperature decreases, the slag cools and solid crystals begin to form. Since slag behaves as a non-linear fluid, we discuss the constitutive modeling of slag and the important parameters that must be studied. We propose a new constitutive model, where the stress tensor not only has a yield stress part, but it also has a viscous part with a shear rate dependency of the viscosity, along with temperature and concentration dependency, while allowing for the possibility of the normal stress effects. In Part I, we reviewed, identify and discuss the key coal ash properties and the operating conditions impacting slag behavior.

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Microbial degradation of 7-ketocholesterol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Microbial degradation of 7-ketocholesterol Jacques Mathieu Æ John Schloendorn Æ of matrices to avoid adverse biological effects, its microbial degradation has not been previously addressed, utilized 7KC as a sole carbon and energy source, resulting in its mineralization. Nocardia nova, which

  13. Biological preconcentrator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Bunker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM); Huber, Dale L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-09-09

    A biological preconcentrator comprises a stimulus-responsive active film on a stimulus-producing microfabricated platform. The active film can comprise a thermally switchable polymer film that can be used to selectively absorb and desorb proteins from a protein mixture. The biological microfabricated platform can comprise a thin membrane suspended on a substrate with an integral resistive heater and/or thermoelectric cooler for thermal switching of the active polymer film disposed on the membrane. The active polymer film can comprise hydrogel-like polymers, such as poly(ethylene oxide) or poly(n-isopropylacrylamide), that are tethered to the membrane. The biological preconcentrator can be fabricated with semiconductor materials and technologies.

  14. Biomimetics Engineering from Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Biomimetics or Engineering from Biology Hari Dharan Department of Mechanical Engineering University" ­ copying only? !!"Biologically-Inspired Design" !!"Engineering from Biology" Definition !!It is not "biology for engineers". !!It is not "imitating" or "copying" biology. !!It is not "reverse

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12466 A BIOLOGICAL MARKET ANALYSIS OF THE PLANT. Mutualistic cooperation between species poses a problem for evo- lutionary theory (Sachs et al. 2004; Foster

  16. The Biological Pump in the Past D. M. Sigman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    6.18 The Biological Pump in the Past D. M. Sigman Princeton University, NJ, USA and G. H. Haug Status 511 6.18.3.3 Integrative Constraints on the Biological Pump 512 6.18.3.3.1 Carbon isotope driven sequestration of carbon as the "biological pump." The original and strict definition

  17. DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND MARINE BIOLOGY GRADUATE PROGRAM REVIEW 2000-2007 #12;i TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................... 389 #12;ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Department of Biology and Marine Biology contributes importantly). The department began offering the Master of Science in Marine Biology in 1980, and the Master of Science

  18. Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-25

    We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable

  19. Biology reflective assessment curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayley, Cheryl Ann

    2011-01-01

    Penick, J. E. (1998). Biology: A community context. Newof a standards-based high school biology curriculum.The American Biology Teacher Li, J. , Klahr, D. , & Siler,

  20. Origins of cellular geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Wallace F

    2011-01-01

    as: Marshall WF: Origins of cellular geometry. BMC Biologyin the author’s lab on cellular geometry is supported by NIHOpen Access Origins of cellular geometry Wallace F Marshall*

  1. Biological Sciences http://www.clas.wayne.edu/biology/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Biological Sciences http://www.clas.wayne.edu/biology/ Divisions: Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Cellular, Developmental, and Neurobiology #12;Biological Sciences http://www.clas.wayne.edu/biology/ · Cell Biology and Cytogenetics (Beningo, Tucker, Greenberg

  2. Hermitian structures defined by linear electromagnetic constitutive laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Delphenich

    2007-10-26

    It is demonstrated that when the bundle of 2-forms on a four-dimensional manifold M admits an almost-complex structure any choice of "real + imaginary" subspace decomposition of the bundle defines a conjugation map, as well as a Hermitian structure for the bundle. When the almost-complex structure comes from a linear electromagnetic constitutive law, the real and imaginary parts of the Hermitian structure are then shown to represent the Hamiltonian for an anisotropic three-dimensional electromagnetic oscillator at each point of M and a symplectic structure for each fiber. The complex form of the oscillator equations is also definable in terms of the geometric structures that were introduced.

  3. Constitutive Model for Material Comminuting at High Shear Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zdenek P. Bazant; Ferhun C. Caner

    2013-06-04

    The modeling of high velocity impact into brittle or quasibrittle solids is hampered by the unavailability of a constitutive model capturing the effects of material comminution into very fine particles. The present objective is to develop such a model, usable in finite element programs. The comminution at very high strain rates can dissipate a large portion of the kinetic energy of an impacting missile. The spatial derivative of the energy dissipated by comminution gives a force resisting the penetration, which is superposed on the nodal forces obtained from the static constitutive model in a finite element program. The present theory is inspired partly by Grady's model for comminution due to explosion inside a hollow sphere, and partly by analogy with turbulence. In high velocity turbulent flow, the energy dissipation rate is enhanced by the formation of micro-vortices (eddies) which dissipate energy by viscous shear stress. Similarly, here it is assumed that the energy dissipation at fast deformation of a confined solid gets enhanced by the release of kinetic energy of the motion associated with a high-rate shear strain of forming particles. For simplicity, the shape of these particles in the plane of maximum shear rate is considered to be regular hexagons. The rate of release of free energy density consisting of the sum of this energy and the fracture energy of the interface between the forming particle is minimized. The particle sizes are assumed to be distributed according to Schuhmann's power law. It is concluded that the minimum particle size is inversely proportional to the (2/3)-power of the shear strain rate, that the kinetic energy release is to proportional to the (2/3)-power, and that the dynamic comminution creates an apparent material viscosity inversely proportional to the (1/3)-power of the shear strain rate.

  4. Universality of interface norms under constitutional pluralism : an analysis of Ireland, the EU and the ECHR 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Thomas Joseph Sheridan

    2014-07-02

    The theory of constitutional pluralism suggests that interacting legal orders that are (or claim to be) constitutional in nature need not—and should not—necessarily be regarded as being hierarchically arranged, with one ...

  5. Theory in Biology Computational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldbeter, Albert

    Magazine R601 Theory in Biology Computational biology: A propagating wave of interest Albert Goldbeter Systems biology, computational biology, integrative biology... many names are being used and tendency to take a global view of problems in biology. This field is not entirely novel, but what is clear

  6. Biology 3515/Chemistry 3515 Biological Chemistry Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Biology 3515/Chemistry 3515 Biological Chemistry Laboratory Spring 2013 (Draft Syllabus, 23 August 2012) Course Description and Objectives: This course is intended for students who have taken Biology and function, particularly for enzymes. Prerequisites: Biology 3510 or Chemistry 3510 Instructor: David P

  7. Constitutive behavior of particle-polymer binder composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, D. Z. (Duan Z.); Ma, X. (Xia)

    2004-01-01

    A particle-binder composite can behave as a continuum solid and can also exhibit significant characters of dense granular flow depending on deformation conditions. When it behaves as continuum solid, polymer binder properties, especially the short time stress relaxation, significantly affects shock wave propagation through the composite. A constitutive model has been developed to account for the effects of the short time stress relaxation. The model compares well with experimental data. The model however does not consider the failure mechanisms of the material. The failure of the material closely depends on the manufacturing process. During the manufacturing process the binder bounding particles has not been cured while during the material failure process the binder bounds have already been destroyed or significantly weaken. Under these circumstances the composite flows like a dense granular material. The methods used in the studies of dense granular flow are introduced to study the particle-binder composite. Effects of interparticle forces on the macroscopic behavior of the material are studied. We find that the commonly used Voigt assumption in the study of composite materials is invalid for the particle-binder composite. Cohesion forces between particles determine the brittle or ductile behavior of the material during the failure process.

  8. Deep ocean clay crusts: behaviour and biological origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Matthew Yih-Han

    2011-03-15

    sliding resistance by minimising the risk of pellet crushing. This thesis proposes that wet sieving of core samples should be undertaken during the site investigations for future deep-water, hot-oil pipeline installations to provide design information...

  9. Human Genome: DOE Origins

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    under the aegis of the ... DOE. ... In 1985, DeLisi took the reins of DOE's Office of Health and Environmental Research OHER, the program that supported most Biology in the...

  10. Splicing bioinformatics to biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Douglas L; Graveley, Brenton R

    2006-01-01

    Splicing bioinformatics to biology Douglas L Black* andand Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Health26 May 2006 Genome Biology 2006, 7:317 (doi:10.1186/gb-2006-

  11. Multiscale Constitutive Modeling and Numerical Simulations of the Thermomechanical Response of Polycrystalline NiTi Shape Memory Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengupta, Arkaprabha

    2010-01-01

    Phase transformation in Nitinol polycrystals 3.1 Martensiticvector pairs (m ? , b ? ) for Nitinol . . . . . . . . . . .4 Constitutive model of Nitinol 4.1 Constitutive models for

  12. Microfluidics for quantitative biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Micha

    2012-01-01

    CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Microfluidics for Quantitative BiologyChapter 1: Microfluidics.………………………………………………………..… 1 1.1OF THE DISSERTATION Microfluidics for Quantitative Biology

  13. The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, vol 19-23, Ratification of the Constitution by the States. New York (Book Review)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, Pauline

    Start with the almost 250-page cumulative index in Volume XXIII of The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, or DHRC, the last of five volumes on ratification in New York. Predictably, it includes ...

  14. Genome Biology 2007, 8:R34 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchrefereedresearchinteractionsinformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Genome Biology 2007, 8:R34 analytics tool for genome assemblies Michael C Schatz*, Adam M Phillippy*, Ben Shneiderman and Steven L the original work is properly cited. Hawkeye: a visual analytics tool for genome assembliesHawkeye is a new

  15. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W...

  16. The Federalist Society and the "Structural Constitution:" An Epistemic Community At Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollis-Brusky, Amanda

    2010-01-01

    48 (II), Federalist 62 Elliot's Debates on the FederalConstitution, J. Elliot, ed. 5 vols. (1836) (IV), M.48; Federalist 50; Elliot's Debates on the Federal

  17. What Charter Reform Commissions Can Teach Us About a Proposed Constitutional Convention in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonenshein, Raphael

    2010-01-01

    eds. 1995. Constitutional Reform in California. Berkeley:The Reemergence of Municipal Reform. New York: Academy ofin the Los Angeles Charter Reform of 1996-1999. ” In David

  18. Microstructurally-based constitutive models of cytoskeletal networks for simulation of the biomechanical response of biological cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Jeffrey Shane

    2008-01-01

    The elastic and viscoelastic stress-strain behavior of cytoskeletal networks, important to many cellular functions, is modeled via a microstructurally-informed continuum mechanics approach. The force-extension behavior of ...

  19. Time-domain simulation of ultrasound propagation in a tissue-like medium based on the resolution of the nonlinear acoustic constitutive relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiménez, Noé; Redondo, Javier; Sánchez-Morcillo, Víctor; Hou, Yi; Konofagou, Elisa E

    2015-01-01

    A time-domain numerical code based on the constitutive relations of nonlinear acoustics for simulating ultrasound propagation is presented. To model frequency power law attenuation, such as observed in biological media, multiple relaxation processes are included and relaxation parameters are fitted to both exact frequency power law attenuation and empirically measured attenuation of a variety of tissues that does not fit an exact power law. A computational technique based on artificial relaxation is included to correct the non-negligible numerical dispersion of the numerical method and to improve stability when shock waves are present. This technique avoids the use of high order finite difference schemes, leading to fast calculations. The numerical code is especially suitable to study high intensity and focused axisymmetric acoustic beams in tissue-like medium, as it is based on the full constitutive relations that overcomes the limitations of the parabolic approximations, while some specific effects not cont...

  20. Development and deployment of constitutive softening routines in Eulerian hydrocodes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Timothy Jesse; Dewers, Thomas A.; Swan, Matthew Scot

    2013-03-01

    The state of the art in failure modeling enables assessment of crack nucleation, propagation, and progression to fragmentation due to high velocity impact. Vulnerability assessments suggest a need to track material behavior through failure, to the point of fragmentation and beyond. This eld of research is particularly challenging for structures made of porous quasi-brittle materials, such as ceramics used in modern armor systems, due to the complex material response when loading exceeds the quasi-brittle material's elastic limit. Further complications arise when incorporating the quasi-brittle material response in multi-material Eulerian hydrocode simulations. In this report, recent e orts in coupling a ceramic materials response in the post-failure regime with an Eulerian hydro code are described. Material behavior is modeled by the Kayenta material model [2]and Alegra as the host nite element code [14]. Kayenta, a three invariant phenomenological plasticity model originally developed for modeling the stress response of geologic materials, has in recent years been used with some success in the modeling of ceramic and other quasi-brittle materials to high velocity impact. Due to the granular nature of ceramic materials, Kayenta allows for signi cant pressures to develop due to dilatant plastic ow, even in shear dominated loading where traditional equations of state predict little or no pressure response. When a material's ability to carry further load is compromised, Kayenta allows the material's strength and sti ness to progressively degrade through the evolution of damage to the point of material failure. As material dilatation and damage progress, accommodations are made within Alegra to treat in a consistent manner the evolving state.

  1. computational modeling of biological systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    $author.value

    Faculty. Faculty listing for "computational modeling of biological systems" ... Research Interests: computational modeling of biological systems.

  2. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 2851 2863 A crystal plasticity materials constitutive model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    2001-01-01

    JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 2851­ 2863 A crystal plasticity materials constitutive model using a three-dimensional, isothermal, rate-dependent, large-strain, crystal-plasticity based materials in the crystal-plasticity materials constitutive relations are assessed using the available experimental

  3. Regulating greenhouse gas 'leakage': how California can evade the impending constitutional attacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brian H. Potts

    2006-06-15

    Federalist greenhouse gas regulation poses many constitutional pitfalls, and some fear that California's cap-and-trade and procurement cap proposals are vulnerable to constitutional challenge. An attack under the commerce clause seems to pose the biggest threat, but the author proposes an alternative that can eliminate this threat: market participation.

  4. Module No: 420252The Jordanian ConstitutionModule Title: Co-requisite:Political Systems and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Module No: 420252The Jordanian ConstitutionModule Title: Co-requisite:Political Systems and Constitutional Law Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization requirementModule level: Second year Evening Study-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module

  5. Biology & Biomedical Sciences ACADEMIC PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gereau, Robert W. IV

    Biology & Biomedical Sciences ACADEMIC PROGRAM GUIDELINES Programs in Cell & Molecular Biology Developmental, Regenerative and Stem Cell Biology Molecular Cell Biology Molecular Genetics & Genomics Molecular Microbiology & Microbial Pathogenesis #12;PAGE 2 GUIDELINES TO THE PROGRAMS IN CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

  6. Article original Pollution fluore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Article original Pollution fluorée et croissance radiale des conifères en Maurienne (Savoie, France; accepté le 24 juillet 1989) Résumé - La recherche de l'impact de la pollution fluorée sur la croissance en en fonction de l'éloignement des sources de pollution, l'exposition et l'altitude. L'é- tude porte

  7. The Origins of Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-07-30

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  8. The Origins of Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Dispersal in microbes: fungi in indoor air are dominated by outdoor air and show Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA The indoor microbiome is a complex system that is thought to depend on dispersal from the outdoor biome and the occupants' microbiome

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Origins of a Novel Host Plant Detoxification Gene in Butterflies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheat, Christopher

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Origins of a Novel Host Plant Detoxification Gene in Butterflies of Biological Sciences, Pennsylvania State University Chemical interactions between plants and their insect as a coevolutionary key innovation. By generating and sequencing expressed sequence tags, genomic libraries

  11. Mathematical Biology 3 Jurgen Jost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Anton

    Mathematical Biology 3 J¨urgen Jost Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences Leipzig, Germany Mathematical Biology 3 ­ p. 1 #12;Biological networks In biology, we find many examples of interacting elements: Mathematical Biology 3 ­ p. 2 #12;Biological networks In biology, we find many examples

  12. 2003 Synthetic Biology study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endy, Drew

    2007-08-14

    Biology is a technology for processing information, materials, and energy. As a technology platform, biological systems provide access to artifacts and processes across a range of scales (e.g., the ribosome is a programmable ...

  13. Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory Oxford, Maryland #12;Chart of the Tred Avon River, showing the location of the BCF Biological Laboratory and the orientation of this area modern laboratories for chem- ical, histological, microbiological, and physiological re- search

  14. Chemistry & Biology Brief Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    Chemistry & Biology Brief Communication Cloning, IL 61801, USA 3Department of Chemistry 4Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

  15. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Out of equilibrium structuring in space and time is contingent on continuous entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the natural tendency of Nature to explore all available microstates. The process producing the greatest amount of entropy in the biosphere is the absorption and transformation of sunlight, leading to the transpiration of water by plants and cyanobacteria. Here we hypothesize that life began, and exists today, as a dynamic catalyst for the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat, which could then be efficiently harvested by the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents. RNA and DNA are the most efficient of all known molecules for absorbing the ultraviolet light that could have penetrated the dense early atmosphere, and are extremely rapid in transforming this light into heat that can be readily absorbed by liquid water. The origin and evolution of life was thus driven...

  16. Computational Biology | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computational Biology SHARE Computational Biology Computational Biology research encompasses many important aspects including molecular biophysics for bio-energy, genetic level...

  17. A Central Theory of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torday, JS

    2015-01-01

    JS, Rehan VK. Evolutionary biology, cell–cell communication6] Torday JS. Evolutionary Biology Redux. Pers Biol Med 56,explanations in evolutionary biology. Hist Philos Life Sci

  18. Systems biology approach to bioremediation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakraborty, R.

    2013-01-01

    aspects of the systems biology approach (metagenomics withthe use of a number of sytems biology parameters can revealRL, Banfield JF: Systems Biology: functional analysis of

  19. Todd Newberry: Professor of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newberry, Andrew Todd; Jarrell, Randall; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2006-01-01

    Todd Newberry, Professor of Biology: Cowell College page 12Jarrell: Why’s that? Todd Newberry, Professor of Biology:Biology Board page 14 Newberry: Well, besides the

  20. HARVARD UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    HARVARD UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL BIOLOGY PHD PROGRAM 2013-2014 Student Handbook #12;Program Contacts at the beginning of each semester. Laboratory Rotations Students in the Chemical Biology Program are expected an interest in having Chemical Biology Program Students in their labs. Students may rotate in the labs

  1. BIOLOGY SEMINAR PROMOTION LECTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    BIOLOGY SEMINAR PROMOTION LECTURE 12:00 PM SEMINAR HITCHCOCK HALL 132 REFRESHMENTS SERVED IN FOYER, November 24, 2014 "Life is flux" Dr. Jennifer Nemhauser Associate Professor Department of Biology drawn from molecular genetics, genomics, physiology and synthetic biology to build new tools to study

  2. Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian

    Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3 Receptor Ca2+ Transfer in main- taining cellular bioenergetics. Macroautophagy provides eukaryotes with an adaptive response+ is fundamentally required to provide optimal bioenergetics by providing sufficient reducing equiv- alents

  3. Magneto-Thermo-Mechanical Coupling, Stability Analysis and Phenomenological Constitutive Modeling of Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haldar, Krishnendu 1978-

    2012-12-06

    Magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs) are a class of active materials that de- form under magnetic and mechanical loading conditions. This work is concerned with the modeling of MSMAs constitutive responses. The hysteretic ...

  4. Leadership Theory and Practice in Sport Management: What Constitutes Ethical Leadership According to Student-Interns? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clack, Justin Tyler

    2013-07-29

    and practitioners has recently shifted to include ethical behavior as a valuable asset. Thus, the purpose of this thesis is to understand what constitutes ethical leadership in contemporary sport organizations and academic curricula geared toward sport management...

  5. The thermomechanical constitutive experimentation of NiTi shape memory alloy strips and rods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Stephen David

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to study the effect of temperature on the thermomechanical constitutive behavior of NiTi shape memory alloy strip and rod specimens. The stress-strain relationship is analyzed for isothermal monotonic tensile testing...

  6. Departments of Chemistry and Pharmacology Center for Structural Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiler, Jens

    Departments of Chemistry and Pharmacology Center for Structural Biology Lecture 17 Jens Meiler #12.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 s I(s)a) b) c) d) e) f) Chemical Structure #12;Machine from constitution using atomic weights, atomic radii and standard bond lengths Molecular Weight 3 7 74

  7. BIOLOGY, B.S. WITH TEACHER CERTIFICATE Biology (BIOT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    BIOLOGY, B.S. WITH TEACHER CERTIFICATE Biology (BIOT) (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency/Gen Ed Biology BS Core/Supporting Courses (64 credits) *Note: 3.0 GPA required in Biology Core 21800 Genetics & Molecular Biology ______ 4 BIOL 21900 Principles of Functional Biology ______ 3 BIOL

  8. Minor in Marine Biology Minor in Marine Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Minor in Marine Biology Minor in Marine Biology General Goals of the Minor in Marine Biology About who choose the Minor in Marine Biology will learn about the biology, evolution and ecology of organisms that inhabit these environments and the ecological processes linking them. Marine biology draws

  9. ORIGINAL SIGNED BY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNewsusceptometer underI REEECNO OF DOCUMENT2 DIRECTOR TribbleORIGINAL

  10. Original Signature on File

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O Streams forOrhan Kizilkaya, Ph.D. Title: Assistant Original

  11. Invasion Biology Mark A. Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark A.

    Invasion Biology Mark A. Davis 2 biology 2 MarkA.DavisInvasionBiology2 1 With the exception of climate change, biological invasions have probably received more attention during the past ten years than on the subject, Invasion Biology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the science of biological

  12. Biological detector and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M; McDowell, Andrew F

    2014-04-15

    A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

  13. Biological detector and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sillerud, Laurel; Alam, Todd M; McDowell, Andrew F

    2013-02-26

    A biological detector includes a conduit for receiving a fluid containing one or more magnetic nanoparticle-labeled, biological objects to be detected and one or more permanent magnets or electromagnet for establishing a low magnetic field in which the conduit is disposed. A microcoil is disposed proximate the conduit for energization at a frequency that permits detection by NMR spectroscopy of whether the one or more magnetically-labeled biological objects is/are present in the fluid.

  14. Biology | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Sciences Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics Environment Safety and Health More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Biology SHARE...

  15. Genomics and Systems Biology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Genomics and Systems Biology LANL leads the world in computational finishing of microbial genomes Read caption + In 2013, Los Alamos scientist Richard Sayre and his team...

  16. Constitutive modelling of stainless steels for cryogenic applications. Strain induced martensitic transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garion, C

    2001-01-01

    The 300-series stainless steels are metastable austenitic alloys: martensitic transformation occurs at low temperatures and/or when plastic strain fields develop in the structures. The transformation influences the mechanical properties of the material. The present note aims at proposing a set of constitutive equations describing the plastic strain induced martensitic transformation in the stainless steels at cryogenic temperatures. The constitutive modelling shall create a bridge between the material sciences and the structural analysis. For the structures developing and accumulating plastic deformations at sub-zero temperatures, it is of primary importance to be able to predict the intensity of martensitic transformation and its effect on the material properties. In particular, the constitutive model has been applied to predict the behaviour of the components of the LHC interconnections, the so-called bellows expansion joints (the LHC mechanical compensation system).

  17. Biological Science courses BE 513 Molecuar and Celluar Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    Biological Science courses BE 513 Molecuar and Celluar Biology BE 555 Nanoscale Systems Biology. BIOM 501 Mechanisms of Disease and Therapeutic BIOM 600 Cell Biology BMB 508 Molecular Biophysics I BMB 509 Macromolecular Biophysics II BMB 567 Bioinorganic Chemistry BMB 590 Biological Physics BMB 614

  18. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE BIOLOGY ECOLOGY & EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    BACHELOR OF SCIENCE ­ BIOLOGY ECOLOGY & EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OPTION A Bachelor of Science degree hours must be upper division coursework. A B.S. in Biology requires a minimum of 19 semester hours of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 372 and 405 or 403). An additional 21 semester hours

  19. Biology and Marine Biology Research Areas and Assistantship Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    1 Biology and Marine Biology Research Areas and Assistantship Application Name: LAST FIRST MIDDLE and Marine Biology faculty members will accept graduate students to work in the general research areas listed Next Page Revised 3/08 850 #12;2 Biology and Marine Biology Statement of Interest Statement of Interest

  20. Field tolerance to fungal pathogens of Brassica napus constitutively expressing a chimeric chitinase gene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grison, R.; Grezes-Besset, B.; Lucante, N.

    1996-05-01

    Constitutive overexpression of a protein involved in plant defense mechanisms to disease is one of the strategies proposed to increase plant tolerance to fungal pathogens. A hybrid endochitinase gene under a constitutive promoter was introduced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation into a winter-type oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera) inbred line. Progeny from transformed plants was challenged using three different fungal pathogens (Cylindrosporium concentricum, Phoma lingam, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) in field trials at two different geographical locations. These plants exhibited an increased tolerance to disease as compared with the nontransgenic parental plants. 31 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  1. Integrated Biological Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, A.R.

    2003-10-09

    Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects, and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (a priori) or in response to existing contamination spread (a posteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and a priori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, a posteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

  2. Science Faculty Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Science Faculty Department of Biology Zoological Institute Community Ecology 1 December 2006 Hans-Sigrist-Symposium: Biological Invasions Hans-Sigrist-Stiftung 9.00 Prof. Dr. David M Richardson (Centre for Invasion Biology. Dr. Bruno Baur (Conservation Biology, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Basel

  3. A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE"?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE on the global warming that can be tolerated without risking dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. I" mainly as a metaphor for the danger posed by global warming. So I changed "Hell" to "disaster." What

  4. A comprehensive constitutive law for waxy crude oil: A thixotropic yield stress fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A comprehensive constitutive law for waxy crude oil: A thixotropic yield stress fluid Christopher J features of waxy crude oils. We first develop a series of model crude oils, which are characterized the model crude oil under conditions of imposed steady shearing. These instabilities are a result

  5. A framework for numerical integration of crystal elasto-plastic constitutive equations compatible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    A framework for numerical integration of crystal elasto-plastic constitutive equations compatible integration scheme for elasto-plastic response of single crystals. This is intended to be compatible for anisotropic elastic and plastic response of crystals. The crystallographic axes of the lattice are explicitly

  6. aliphatic hydrocarbons constitute the largest fraction of cuticular wax in bees and cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    aliphatic hydrocarbons constitute the largest fraction of cuticular wax in bees and cover a highly hydrocarbons in the cuticular waxes of bees are widely assumed to func- tion as recognition cues (for nestmate discriminate cuticular waxes based on esters and polar components Birgit FRÖHLICHa, Markus RIEDERERa, Jürgen

  7. SAGEO'2007, pages 00 00 Service Web de constitution en temps rel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SAGEO'2007, pages 00 à 00 Service Web de constitution en temps réel de mini-cubes SOLAP pour solution, basée sur les architectures orientées services et les technologies des services Web, pour adapter architectures and Web services technologies, designed to adapt SOLAP data cubes to the requirements

  8. Une architecture oriente service Web pour la constitution de mini-cubes SOLAP pour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Une architecture orientée service Web pour la constitution de mini-cubes SOLAP pour clients mobiles sur les architectures orientées services et les technologies des services Web, pour adapter les cubes- tures and Web services technologies, designed to adapt SOLAP data cubes to the requirements

  9. Official Constitution and Bylaws of the Saskatoon Engineering Students' Society Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Official Constitution and Bylaws of the Saskatoon Engineering Students' Society Inc. Article I Definition of the Society Section 1 Name 1.1 The name of the organization shall be "The Saskatoon Engineering, professional, and social needs of the students in the College of Engineering. The organization will maintain

  10. Page 1 of 4 Constitution for the Engineering Graduate Course Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Page 1 of 4 Constitution for the Engineering Graduate Course Council (EGCC) (Version: September, 2012) Article 1 ­ Name 1.1 The official name of the club shall be "Engineering Graduate Course Council. Article 2 ­ Purpose of the Club 2.1 To represent Engineering Graduate Students at the College and Graduate

  11. CHAPTER FSU-1 ORGANIZATION, POWERS, DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS FSU-1.004 University Constitution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    CHAPTER FSU-1 ORGANIZATION, POWERS, DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS FSU-1.004 University Constitution. FSU-1.055 Waiver of Certain Administrative Procedures. FSU-1.057 Public Records - Final Orders; Index and Listing be entitled to at least one representative. b. The library staff shall be entitled to one elected

  12. Aryl-Hydrocarbon Receptor Activation Regulates Constitutive Androstane Receptor Levels in Murine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perdew, Gary

    -regulated in primary human hepatocytes in response to AhR activation by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and benzo sequence (TNGCGG) known as the dioxin responsive element (DRE) and drives the transcription of its target, constitutive androstane receptor; DRE, dioxin response element; KO, knockout; mRNA, messenger RNA; PXR

  13. Academy for PhD Training in Statistics A constitution for APTS (revised January 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    apts.ac.uk Academy for PhD Training in Statistics A constitution for APTS (revised January 2014) This document sets out rules for membership of the five constituent groups of APTS, the Academy for PhD Training-subscription for one or more (pairs of) APTS modules, priority for admission will be given to · first-year research

  14. Academy for PhD Training in Statistics A constitution for APTS (revised January 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    apts.ac.uk Academy for PhD Training in Statistics A constitution for APTS (revised January 2013) This document sets out rules for membership of the five constituent groups of APTS, the Academy for PhD Training-subscription for one or more (pairs of) APTS modules, priority for admission will be given to · first-year research

  15. Extracting Constitutive Stress-Strain Behavior of Microscopic Phases by Micropillar Compression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, J. J.; Walters, Jennifer; Wang, Mingyue; Chawla, N.; Rohatgi, Aashish

    2013-02-01

    The manuscript describes how micropillar compression technique can be used to perform uniaxial compression tests within individual grains so as to generate local-scale constitutive behavior which, otherwise cannot be ascertained from the conventional macroscale compression test techniques. The manuscript uses steel and magnesium alloys as an example. A portion of the magnesium work was performed at PNNL.

  16. THE COSMIC ORIGINS SPECTROGRAPH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, James C.; Michael Shull, J.; Snow, Theodore P.; Stocke, John [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 391-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Froning, Cynthia S.; Osterman, Steve; Beland, Stephane; Burgh, Eric B.; Danforth, Charles; France, Kevin [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Ebbets, Dennis [Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corp., 1600 Commerce Street, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Heap, Sara H. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 681, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Leitherer, Claus; Sembach, Kenneth [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Linsky, Jeffrey L. [JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States); Savage, Blair D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Siegmund, Oswald H. W. [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Spencer, John; Alan Stern, S. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Welsh, Barry [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); and others

    2012-01-01

    The Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) is a moderate-resolution spectrograph with unprecedented sensitivity that was installed into the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) in 2009 May, during HST Servicing Mission 4 (STS-125). We present the design philosophy and summarize the key characteristics of the instrument that will be of interest to potential observers. For faint targets, with flux F{sub {lambda}} Almost-Equal-To 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -14} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} A{sup -1}, COS can achieve comparable signal to noise (when compared to Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph echelle modes) in 1%-2% of the observing time. This has led to a significant increase in the total data volume and data quality available to the community. For example, in the first 20 months of science operation (2009 September-2011 June) the cumulative redshift pathlength of extragalactic sight lines sampled by COS is nine times than sampled at moderate resolution in 19 previous years of Hubble observations. COS programs have observed 214 distinct lines of sight suitable for study of the intergalactic medium as of 2011 June. COS has measured, for the first time with high reliability, broad Ly{alpha} absorbers and Ne VIII in the intergalactic medium, and observed the He II reionization epoch along multiple sightlines. COS has detected the first CO emission and absorption in the UV spectra of low-mass circumstellar disks at the epoch of giant planet formation, and detected multiple ionization states of metals in extra-solar planetary atmospheres. In the coming years, COS will continue its census of intergalactic gas, probe galactic and cosmic structure, and explore physics in our solar system and Galaxy.

  17. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION Developmental Craniofacial Anthropometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Moo K.

    ORIGINAL COMMUNICATION Developmental Craniofacial Anthropometry: Assessment of Race Effects REID B. Key words: race; anthropometry; craniofacial; vocal tract; pharynx; imaging; development INTRODUCTION

  18. Extracting information from biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chindelevitch, Leonid Alexandrovich

    2010-01-01

    Systems biology, the study of biological systems in a holistic manner, has been catalyzed by a dramatic improvement in experimental techniques, coupled with a constantly increasing availability of biological data. The ...

  19. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Biological Engineering Undergraduate Class of 2013 Post-Graduation Report The Department Biological and Environmental Engineering (BEE) offers a bachelor degree program in Biological Engineering and a bachelor degree program in Environmental Engineering. Cornell Career Services surveys

  20. Biological Conversion of Sugars To Hydrocarbons | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biological Conversion of Sugars To Hydrocarbons Biological Conversion of Sugars To Hydrocarbons PDF explaining the biological process of bioenergy Biological Conversion of Sugars...

  1. Work with Biological Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Work with Biological Materials Print Planning A complete Experiment Safety Sheet (ESS) is required before work can be done at the ALS. This ESS is either a part of the proposal...

  2. Vibrations, Quanta and Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

    2013-06-27

    Quantum biology is an emerging field of research that concerns itself with the experimental and theoretical exploration of non-trivial quantum phenomena in biological systems. In this tutorial overview we aim to bring out fundamental assumptions and questions in the field, identify basic design principles and develop a key underlying theme -- the dynamics of quantum dynamical networks in the presence of an environment and the fruitful interplay that the two may enter. At the hand of three biological phenomena whose understanding is held to require quantum mechanical processes, namely excitation and charge transfer in photosynthetic complexes, magneto-reception in birds and the olfactory sense, we demonstrate that this underlying theme encompasses them all, thus suggesting its wider relevance as an archetypical framework for quantum biology.

  3. Biology Mathematics Connection Program Integrating Mathematics and Biology Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biology Mathematics Connection Program Integrating Mathematics and Biology Program BMC pioneered a series of instructional modules for use in high school mathematics and biology classrooms to highlight the interconnections between the mathematical and biological sciences. IMB follows up by developing the BMC modules

  4. Marine Biology Is Marine Biology right for me?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Marine Biology Is Marine Biology right for me? If you have an interest in learning about life in the sea then Marine Biology may be a good option for you. You will need good time management skills a marine biology degree are wide-ranging and provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector

  5. A non-linear elastic constitutive framework for replicating plastic deformation in solids.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, Scott Alan; Schunk, Peter Randall

    2014-02-01

    Ductile metals and other materials typically deform plastically under large applied loads; a behavior most often modeled using plastic deformation constitutive models. However, it is possible to capture some of the key behaviors of plastic deformation using only the framework for nonlinear elastic mechanics. In this paper, we develop a phenomenological, hysteretic, nonlinear elastic constitutive model that captures many of the features expected of a plastic deformation model. This model is based on calculating a secant modulus directly from a material's stress-strain curve. Scalar stress and strain values are obtained in three dimensions by using the von Mises invariants. Hysteresis is incorporated by tracking an additional history variable and assuming an elastic unloading response. This model is demonstrated in both single- and multi-element simulations under varying strain conditions.

  6. 7th Annual Systems Biology Symposium: Systems Biology and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galitski, Timothy P.

    2008-04-01

    Systems biology recognizes the complex multi-scale organization of biological systems, from molecules to ecosystems. The International Symposium on Systems Biology has been hosted by the Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle, Washington, since 2002. The annual two-day event gathers the most influential researchers transforming biology into an integrative discipline investingating complex systems. Engineering and application of new technology is a central element of systems biology. Genome-scale, or very small-scale, biological questions drive the enigneering of new technologies, which enable new modes of experimentation and computational analysis, leading to new biological insights and questions. Concepts and analytical methods in engineering are now finding direct applications in biology. Therefore, the 2008 Symposium, funded in partnership with the Department of Energy, featured global leaders in "Systems Biology and Engineering."

  7. An experimental comparison of current viscoplastic constitutive models at elevated temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, George Henry

    1986-01-01

    AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF CURRENT VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODELS AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURE A Thesis by GEORGE HENRY JAMES III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements..., And Rhode's Model. Bodner's Anisotropic Model. Miller's Model. Walker's Exponential Model. APPENDIX C - AUXILIARY MODEL RESULTS. APPENDIX D EXPERIMENTAL COMPUTER PROGRAMS. VITA. 127 137 137 139 143 144 147 154 176 217 LIST OF TABLES Table...

  8. Preliminary development of a constitutive model for metal matrix composites with damage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottorf, Eric Walter

    1985-01-01

    . Another class of models incorporates damage such as cracks by various methods. Hor ii and Nemat-Nasser [40] have formulated a model for a linearly elastic initially isotropic brittle solid with microcracks. When the cracks are opened, the material..., Dvor ak, and Hej azi [43] have developed an analytic constitutive model for unidirectional fibrous reinforced composites with slit cr acks . The model is three phase for cracks whose size is of the same order of magnitude as the fiber diameter...

  9. Constitutive Theories for Thermoelastic Solids in Lagrangian Description Using Gibbs Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendoza, Yusshy

    2012-08-31

    inequality utilizing? [0] and ? as a conjugate pair . . . . . . 10 2.1.2 Using ? [0] and ? as conjugate measures but the entropy inequality in? [0] andC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Constitutive theories for strain tensor ?... Nomenclature ? [0] Second Piola-Kirchoff stress tensor ? Green’s strain tensor ? Temperature q Heat vector [J ] Jacobian of deformation ? 0 Density in the reference configuration ? Helmholtz free energy density ? Entropy density ? Gibbs potential C Cauchy...

  10. 1238 | S. Bansal and A. Mittal Molecular Biology of the Cell MBoC | ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Aditya

    lim- ited. Self-aggregation/assembly of amphipathic molecules was a crucial step in the origin of life1238 | S. Bansal and A. Mittal Molecular Biology of the Cell MBoC | ARTICLE A statistical anomaly evidence (to our knowledge) on the symbiotic origins of eukaryotic cells based on the "third front" (i

  11. Trypanosomal TAC40 constitutes a novel subclass of mitochondrial -barrel proteins specialized in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnaufer, Achim

    and Biochemistry, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; b Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; c Institute of Immunology and Infection Research and Centre for Immunity

  12. Biology & Biomedical Sciences ACADEMIC PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gereau, Robert W. IV

    Biology & Biomedical Sciences ACADEMIC PROGRAM GUIDELINES Programs in Cell & Molecular Biology Molecular Microbiology & Microbial Pathogenesis Overview of the Programs in Cell and Molecular Biology Graduate training in Cell and Molecular Biology at Washington University is offered by the Programs in Cell

  13. POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT Insect Molecular Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    POSITION ANNOUNCEMENT Insect Molecular Biology 03/21/2014 POSITION: Research Associate LOCATION in entomology, biochemistry, molecular biology and/or toxicology; extensive research experience in entomology, biochemistry, cell biology and/or molecular biology; excellent organizational, and written and interpersonal

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulholland, James A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Emergency Department Visits Kristi Busico ambient air pollutants and cardiovascular disease (CVD), the roles of the physicochemical components the relation between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular conditions using ambient air quality data

  15. Policy for Returns -------Original Message --------

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movileanu, Liviu

    Policy for Returns ------- Original Message -------- Subject:Friendly reminder for returns... Date:Wed, 22 Aug 2007 14:58:59 -0400 From:Cynthia A Urtz To: CC

  16. Molecular Perspectives on the Origins of Chibchan Populations from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melton, Phillip Edward

    2004-11-01

    of Kansas Central American Theses and Dissertations Collection Molecular Perspectives on the Origins of Chibchan Populations from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia Professor in Charge Michael H. Crawford Committee Members James H. Mielke Deborah... of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts ^/DL Mchael/ft Crawford, Chair Dr. James H, Mielke Date Defended: lího/ú^ Abstract Current archaeological, biological and linguistic evidence points to a lower Central American origin for Chibchan speaking...

  17. Fish Biology Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochem, Frank J.

    Lab 10: Fish Biology Introduction The effective management of fish populations requires knowledge of the growth rate of the fish. This requires determination of the age of fish to develop a relationship between the size and age of fish. For an inventory, this information provides insights to evaluate the potential

  18. Chemistry & Biology Brief Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herschlag, Dan

    . In each of these cases the native hydroxyl group interacts with a purine exocy- clic amine. Our resultsChemistry & Biology Brief Communication 20 -Fluoro Substituents Can Mimic Native 20 -Hydroxyls signature for tertiary interac- tions between 20 -hydroxyl groups and exocyclic amino groups within RNA

  19. Chemistry and Chemical Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    /polymeric materials for electronics or energy storage, and polyelectrolyte membranes for fuel cell applications. http projects in emerging fields of science and technology that lie at the intersection between chemistry Biology at Rensselaer invites applications from students interested in pursuing a Ph.D. degree

  20. Anisotropic constitutive model and FE simulation of the sintering process of slip cast traditional porcelain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarbandi, B.; Besson, J.; Boussuge, M.; Ryckelynck, D. [Centre des Materiaux / Mines ParisTech / CNRS UMR 7633 / BP 87, 91003 Evry (France)

    2010-06-15

    Slip cast ceramic components undergo both sintering shrinkage and creep deformation caused by gravity during the firing cycle. In addition sintering may be anisotropic due to the development of preferential directions during slip casting. Both phenomena induce complex deformations of parts which make the design of casting molds difficult. To help solving this problem, anisotropic constitutive equations are proposed to represent the behavior of the ceramic compacts during sintering. The model parameters are identified using tests allowing to characterize both sintering and creep. The model was implemented in a finite element software and used to simulate the deformation of a traditional ceramic object during sintering.

  1. On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2014-09-17

    The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.

  2. Approach of the constitutive material behaviour of textile composites through simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damien Durville

    2008-04-18

    A complete approach for the determination of the complex constitutive behaviour of textile composites through finite element simulation is presented in this paper. In this work, simulations of different loading cases are carried out on small samples of textile composites, taking into account all individual fibers of the fabric and interactions taking place between them. The most delicate issue is related to the modelling of contact-friction interactions between fibers,and the solution of the nonlinear problem that follows up by the means of robust algorithms. The efficiency of these algorithms, and the increase of capacities of high performance computing, allow to simulate samples made of several hundreds of interlocked fibers.

  3. Biological Engineering 2014-2015 BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING PROGRAM PROGRESS FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Biological Engineering 2014-2015 8 BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING PROGRAM PROGRESS FORM Applies to students Calculus for Engineers I* MATH 1910 (4) ______ _____ _____ Calculus for Engineers II* MATH 1920 (4) ______ _____ _____ Engineering Math* (Differential Equations) MATH 2930 (4) ______ _____ _____ Engineering Math* (Linear Algebra

  4. Biology 472 Spring 2009 Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Kate

    Biology 472 Spring 2009 1 Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles Dr. Kate Jackson Office: Science 200 E Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press. (2) Stebbins, R. and R. T. Peterson. 2003 of assorted herps (from labs). #12;Biology 472 Spring 2009 2 · ...know how to access primary sources

  5. BACHELOR OF SCIENCE BIOLOGY GENERAL OPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    * OR 201 Physics 4 hrs. PHYSICS 102* OR 202 Physics 4 hrs. General Biology Option Requirements: CellBACHELOR OF SCIENCE ­ BIOLOGY GENERAL OPTION A Bachelor of Science degree from Washington State Requirements: Grade BIOLOGY 106 General Biology 4 hrs. BIOLOGY 107 General Biology 4 hrs. BIOLOGY 301 General

  6. An improved constitutive model for cyclic material behavior in creep range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kussmaul, K.; Maile, K.; Xu, H.; Sheng, S.

    1995-12-31

    Structural components operated at elevated temperatures are often subjected to complex loading histories combining cyclic plasticity and creep. The design and life prediction of these components require accurate description of the non-linear stress-strain response under the cyclic loading. In the paper the results of an ongoing R&D-programme performed at MPA Stuttgart is presented. The objective of this work is to model the cyclic material behavior in the temperature range where time-dependent plasticity is dominant. A series of tests from room temperature UP to 550{degrees}C have been carried out to determine the cyclic material behavior of the turbine steels 1 CrMoV, 2CrMoVNiW and the bolt material Nimonic 80A. On the basis of the acquired experimental data the commonly used constitutive model developed by Chaboche et al. is evaluated and improved. The following aspects are considered in the improved model: Influence of the kinematic back stress on the viscoplastic material behavior Description of the temperature dependent and time-dependent viscosity Method of determination of the material constants used in the model: The comparison of these analytical results and the experimental data shows that the improved model is suitable to describe the cyclic material behavior under uniaxial loading. To verify the developed model for multiaxial loading on the basis of the test data, an implementation of the constitutive model in a finite element code will be performed.

  7. The confluence of digital design/fabrication and biological principles : systematic knowledge transfer for the development of integrated architectural systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharif, Shani

    2010-01-01

    In the last century, many of the developed computational theories and methods have been inspired by biological principles. The design generation methods, originating from these theories, along with the advances in digital ...

  8. Modular architecture in biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramachandran, Gopal (Gopal Sebastian)

    2007-01-01

    In the past decade, biology has been revolutionized by an explosion in the availability of data. Translating this new wealth of information into meaningful biological insights and clinical breakthroughs will require a ...

  9. Experiment design for systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apgar, Joshua Farley

    2009-01-01

    Mechanism-based chemical kinetic models are increasingly being used to describe biological signaling. Such models serve to encapsulate current understanding of pathways and to enable insight into complex biological processes. ...

  10. Systems Biology | More Science | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORNL brings together multidisciplinary expertise and special facilities in genomics, computational biology, plant sciences, microbiology, microbial ecology, biophysics,...

  11. Systems Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORNL brings together multidisciplinary expertise and special facilities in genomics, computational biology, plant sciences, microbiology, microbial ecology, biophysics,...

  12. Environmental Biology | Clean Energy | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    microbiology, biogeochemistry, molecular biology, molecular dynamics, bioinformatics, genomics, neutron science, chemistry, and computing-and spans multiple scales, from the...

  13. Abengoa Mojave Final Biological Opinion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Biological Opinion on Mojave Solar, LLC's Mojave Solar Project, San Bernardino County, California (8-8-11-F-3)

  14. Biological particle identification apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salzman, Gary C. (Los Alamos, NM); Gregg, Charles T. (Los Alamos, NM); Grace, W. Kevin (Los Alamos, NM); Hiebert, Richard D. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1989-01-01

    An apparatus and method for making multiparameter light scattering measurements from suspensions of biological particles is described. Fourteen of the sixteen Mueller matrix elements describing the particles under investigation can be substantially individually determined as a function of scattering angle and probing radiations wavelength, eight elements simultaneously for each of two apparatus configurations using an apparatus which incluees, in its simplest form, two polarization modulators each operating at a chosen frequency, one polarizer, a source of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation, a detector sensitive to the wavelength of radiation employed, eight phase-sensitive detectors, and appropriate electronics. A database of known biological particle suspensions can be assembled, and unknown samples can be quickly identified once measurements are performed on it according to the teachings of the subject invention, and a comparison is made with the database.

  15. Proportional Relationships in Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    Proportional Relationships in Biology #12;Bell Ringer... 1) Are 2/3 and 6/12 proportional? 1) No; 6/12 = 1/2 ! 2/3 2) Are 2/3 and 10/15 proportional? 1) Yes; 2/3 = (2*5)/(3*5) = 10/15 3) Are 2/3 and 4/9 proportional? 1) No; both are simplified #12;Proportional Shapes · What does it mean for two shapes

  16. Computational biology and high performance computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoichet, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Paper in Computational Biology The First Step Beyond theM . Glaeser, Mol. & Cell Biology, UCB and Life SciencesLBNL-44460 Computational Biology and High Performance

  17. Nutritional systems biology of type 2 diabetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Y; Barrere-Cain, RE; Yang, X

    2015-01-01

    HF (2015) Circadian systems biology in Metazoa. BriefingsNutritional systems biology: defini- tions and approaches.PAPER Nutritional systems biology of type 2 diabetes Yuqi

  18. DEPARTMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turc, Catalin

    Masters of Science Degree Plan A: Thesis DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY #12;DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY Masters of Science Degree (Plan A) Thesis The Plan A Master of Science Degree in Biology is a thesis,graduate degree program.The purpose of the program is to provide advanced exposure

  19. Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health PhDProgram Admissions The program seeks highly. PhD Program in Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health Focus Areas Cancer Development, Aging 24016 avanwart@vt.edu · www.tbmh.vt.edu www . tbmh.vt.edu #12;Translational Biology, Medicine

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulholland, James A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ambient Air Pollution and Respiratory Emergency Department Visits Jennifer L. Peel pollution and respiratory outcomes. More refined assessment has been limited by study size and available air quality data. Methods: Measurements of 5 pollutants (particulate matter PM10 , ozone, nitrogen dioxide NO2

  1. An elastic-plastic interface constitutive model for combined normal and shear loading : application to adhesively bonded joints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cookson, Mary Catherine

    2010-01-01

    The behavior of mechanical adhesive interfaces when subjected to a variety of separation and slide loading modes, strain rates, and thermal conditions are of interest in many technical areas. An elastic-plastic constitutive ...

  2. COSMIC THERMOBIOLOGY Thermal Constraints on the Origin and Evolution o f Life in the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lineweaver, Charles H.

    1 COSMIC THERMOBIOLOGY Thermal Constraints on the Origin and Evolution o f Life in the Universe CHARLES H. LINEWEAVER1 AND DAVID SCHWARTZMAN2 1 School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2 Department of Biology, Howard University, Washington DC, USA 1. Thermal Determinism

  3. Constitutive STAT5 Activation Correlates With Better Survival in Cervical Cancer Patients Treated With Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Helen H.W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cheng Kung University, Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Chou, Cheng-Yang [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Cheng Kung University, Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Wu, Yuan-Hua; Hsueh, Wei-Ting; Hsu, Chiung-Hui [Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cheng Kung University, Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Guo, How-Ran [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, National Cheng Kung University, Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lee, Wen-Ying, E-mail: 7707@so-net.net.tw [Department of Pathology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan (China) and Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Su, Wu-Chou, E-mail: sunnysu@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan (China)

    2012-02-01

    Purpose: Constitutively activated signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) factors, in particular STAT1, STAT3, and STAT5, have been detected in a wide variety of human primary tumors and have been demonstrated to directly contribute to oncogenesis. However, the expression pattern of these STATs in cervical carcinoma is still unknown, as is whether or not they have prognostic significance. This study investigated the expression patterns of STAT1, STAT3, and STAT5 in cervical cancer and their associations with clinical outcomes in patients treated with radical radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: A total of 165 consecutive patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stages IB to IVA cervical cancer underwent radical radiation therapy, including external beam and/or high-dose-rate brachytherapy between 1989 and 2002. Immunohistochemical studies of their formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues were performed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify and to evaluate the effects of these factors affecting patient survival. Results: Constitutive activations of STAT1, STAT3, and STAT5 were observed in 11%, 22%, and 61% of the participants, respectively. While STAT5 activation was associated with significantly better metastasis-free survival (p < 0.01) and overall survival (p = 0.04), STAT1 and STAT3 activation were not. Multivariate analyses showed that STAT5 activation, bulky tumor ({>=}4 cm), advanced stage (FIGO Stages III and IV), and brachytherapy (yes vs. no) were independent prognostic factors for cause-specific overall survival. None of the STATs was associated with local relapse. STAT5 activation (odds ratio = 0.29, 95% confidence interval = 0.13-0.63) and advanced stage (odds ratio = 2.54; 95% confidence interval = 1.03-6.26) were independent predictors of distant metastasis. Conclusions: This is the first report to provide the overall expression patterns and prognostic significance of specific STATs in cervical carcinoma. Our results indicate that constitutive STAT5 activation correlates with better metastasis-free survival and overall survival in cervical cancer patients who have received radiation therapy.

  4. Biological Materials that REQUIRE an Export License ALL biological agents and biologically derived substances specifically developed, configured,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jornsten, Rebecka

    Biological Materials that REQUIRE an Export License · ALL biological agents and biologically nationals or to be exported. List of Biological Materials that MAY Require an Export License (including

  5. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2004/05 University Medal in Biology Anna London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2004/05 University Medal in Biology Anna London University Medal in Marine Biology Jennifer Frail Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Ivy Whitehorn, Jennifer Frail

  6. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2003/04 University Medal in Biology Andrew Gillis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2003/04 University Medal in Biology Andrew Gillis University Medal in Marine Biology Kent Russell Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Andrew Gillis, Stephanie Wood

  7. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2006/07 University Medal in Biology Yassein Shamout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2006/07 University Medal in Biology Yassein Shamout University Medal in Marine Biology Sophie Whoriskey Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Shana Watanabe

  8. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2007/08 University Medal in Biology Faiza Siddiqi, Ashley Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2007/08 University Medal in Biology Faiza Siddiqi, Ashley Smith University Medal in Marine Biology Shana Watanabe Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Faiza Siddiqi

  9. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2005/06 University Medal in Biology Oliver Barker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2005/06 University Medal in Biology Oliver Barker University Medal in Marine Biology Katy Garant Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Oliver Barker, Alison Green, Carmen

  10. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2002/03 University Medal in Biology Kate Turner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2002/03 University Medal in Biology Kate Turner University Medal in Marine Biology Shane Gero University Medal in French Annette Woods University Medal

  11. Evolutionary developmental biology, or `evo-devo', has grown rapidly over the past two decades as a synthesis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klingenberg, Christian Peter

    Evolutionary developmental biology, or `evo-devo', has grown rapidly over the past two decades as a synthesis of evolutionary and developmental biology1,2 . The key ques- tions in evo-devo studies are how on the origin of new variation that serves as raw material for natural selection. Evo-devo therefore contributes

  12. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 24 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for a review). ECG and EDR allow the extrac- tion of heart-rate variability (HRV) and skin conductance (SC), respectively. HRV constitutes an objective index of sympatho- vagal balance (Stein et al., 1994; Acharya et al

  13. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2010/11 University Medal in Biology Jennifer Kalil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2010/11 University Medal in Biology Jennifer Kalil University Medal in Marine Biology John O'Brien University Silver Medal John O'Brien Hugh P. Bell Developmental Biology Prize Alexandra Preston Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Jessica Carriere

  14. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2011/12 University Medal in Biology Jaime Wertman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2011/12 University Medal in Biology Jaime Wertman University Medal in Marine Biology Cylia Civelek Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Sarah McBoyle, Lauren Kay, Daniel Developmental Biology Prize Siwar Arda Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Stacey Henderson Cecelia Rajaratnam

  15. Montana State University 1 Cell Biology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Cell Biology and Neuroscience The department participates: MSU's programs in the biological sciences are distributed across multiple departments. MSU does not have a single Department of Biology. For additional options see Biological Sciences (http

  16. 7.013 Introductory Biology, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sive, Hazel L.

    The MIT Biology Department core courses, 7.012, 7.013, and 7.014, all cover the same core material, which includes the fundamental principles of biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and cell biology. Biological ...

  17. The Origin of the Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Edward

    2012-11-20

    The world around us is made of atoms. Did you ever wonder where these atoms came from? How was the gold in our jewelry, the carbon in our bodies, and the iron in our cars made? In this lecture, we will trace the origin of a gold atom from the Big Bang to the present day, and beyond. You will learn how the elements were forged in the nuclear furnaces inside stars, and how, when they die, these massive stars spread the elements into space. You will learn about the origin of the building blocks of matter in the Big Bang, and we will speculate on the future of the atoms around us today.

  18. The Origin of the Elements

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Murphy, Edward

    2014-08-06

    The world around us is made of atoms. Did you ever wonder where these atoms came from? How was the gold in our jewelry, the carbon in our bodies, and the iron in our cars made? In this lecture, we will trace the origin of a gold atom from the Big Bang to the present day, and beyond. You will learn how the elements were forged in the nuclear furnaces inside stars, and how, when they die, these massive stars spread the elements into space. You will learn about the origin of the building blocks of matter in the Big Bang, and we will speculate on the future of the atoms around us today.

  19. Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria Autofermentative Biological Hydrogen Production by Cyanobacteria Presentation by Charles Dismukes, Rutgers...

  20. Biological Control of Saltcedar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knutson, Allen E.; DeLoach, C. Jack; Muegge, Mark A.

    2003-10-21

    stream_source_info pdf_1854.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 8896 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name pdf_1854.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 A sustainable approach using insect... organisms to suppress saltcedar. This method is called biological control. To help control saltcedar, insects that feed only on the plant are being intro- duced into Texas and the western United States. S Invader of rivers, lakes and wetlands Saltcedar, also...

  1. Biological and Environmental Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBeryllium andSamplerBiological Imaging by

  2. Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship Fund: The Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship is hereby created as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship Fund: The Department of Biology and Marine Biology Merit Scholarship is hereby created as a named fund at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. The scholarship is being created by the Department of Biology and Marine Biology and will be used

  3. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    (2009) Purines and Purinoceptors: Molecular Biology Overview. In: Squire LR (ed.) EncyclopediaThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier of Neuroscience, volume 7, pp. 1253-1262. Oxford: Academic Press. #12;Purines and Purinoceptors: Molecular Biology

  4. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Microbiology published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the author's benefit and for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Margaret

    . Bacteriocins, Biology, Ecology, and Evolution. Encyclopedia of Microbiology. (Moselio Schaechter, Editor), ppThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Microbiology published by Elsevier. 32-44 Oxford: Elsevier. #12;Author's personal copy Bacteriocins, Biology, Ecology, and Evolution M

  5. Implementation and Evaluation of the Virtual Fields Method: Determining Constitutive Model Parameters From Full-Field Deformation Data.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Sharlotte Lorraine Bolyard; Scherzinger, William M.

    2014-09-01

    The Virtual Fields Method (VFM) is an inverse method for constitutive model parameter identication that relies on full-eld experimental measurements of displacements. VFM is an alternative to standard approaches that require several experiments of simple geometries to calibrate a constitutive model. VFM is one of several techniques that use full-eld exper- imental data, including Finite Element Method Updating (FEMU) techniques, but VFM is computationally fast, not requiring iterative FEM analyses. This report describes the im- plementation and evaluation of VFM primarily for nite-deformation plasticity constitutive models. VFM was successfully implemented in MATLAB and evaluated using simulated FEM data that included representative experimental noise found in the Digital Image Cor- relation (DIC) optical technique that provides full-eld displacement measurements. VFM was able to identify constitutive model parameters for the BCJ plasticity model even in the presence of simulated DIC noise, demonstrating VFM as a viable alternative inverse method. Further research is required before VFM can be adopted as a standard method for constitu- tive model parameter identication, but this study is a foundation for ongoing research at Sandia for improving constitutive model calibration.

  6. Healthcare & Biology Licenses Available | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ID 200802058, 200802114) 200802139 Universal Gene Transfer Technology for Gram Positive Bacteria 200802151 Determining Optical Properties of Biological Tissues 200802153 Combined...

  7. CollegeofScience Biological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    ,populations,and even ecosystems. Our courses will help prepare you for a career in biology,be it in biodiversity

  8. Michael Levitt and Computational Biology

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Levitt, PhD, professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, has won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. ... Levitt ... shares the ... prize with...

  9. The prenatal origin of behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooker, Davenport

    1952-01-01

    is the heart beat. The early activity of the heart in vertebrates has been demonstrated to be myogenic in nature in many forms, that is to say, the rhythmic con tractility of its musculature is a property inherent in the cardiac muscle cells themselves.... There are three types of movement exhibited by mus cles—myogenic, neurogenic, and reflexogenic. As already noted, myogenic activity originates within the muscle tis sue itself, without benefit of a nervous or other impulse. Actually the term "myogenic" is used...

  10. Penser Original Contract - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O StreamsParticipantsPartiesOriginal Contract DOE-RL

  11. Plant Vascular Biology 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Biao

    2014-11-17

    This grant supported the Second International Conference on Plant Vascular Biology (PVB 2010) held July 24-28, 2010 on the campus of Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Biao Ding (Ohio State University; OSU) and David Hannapel (Iowa State University; ISU) served as co-chairs of this conference. Biao Ding served as the local organizer. PVB is defined broadly here to include studies on the biogenesis, structure and function of transport systems in plants, under conditions of normal plant growth and development as well as of plant interactions with pathogens. The transport systems cover broadly the xylem, phloem, plasmodesmata and vascular cell membranes. The PVB concept has emerged in recent years to emphasize the integrative nature of the transport systems and approaches to investigate them.

  12. Flow regime transitions in dense non-Brownian suspensions: rheology, microstructural characterisation and constitutive modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Ness; Jin Sun

    2014-12-11

    Shear flow of dense, non-Brownian suspensions is simulated using the discrete element method, taking particle contact and hydrodynamic lubrication into account. The resulting flow regimes are mapped in the parametric space of solid volume fraction, shear rate, fluid viscosity and particle stiffness. Below a critical volume fraction $\\phi_c$, the rheology is governed by the Stokes number, which distinguishes between viscous and inertial flow regimes. Above $\\phi_c$, a quasistatic regime exists for low and moderate shear rates. At very high shear rates, the $\\phi$ dependence is lost and soft particle rheology is explored. The transitions between rheological regimes are associated with the evolving contribution of lubrication to the suspension stress. Transitions in microscopic phenomena such as inter-particle force distribution, fabric and correlation length are found to correspond to those in the macroscopic flow. Motivated by the bulk rheology, a constitutive model is proposed combining a viscous pressure term with a dry granular model presented by Chialvo, Sun and Sundaresan [Phys. Rev. E. \\textbf{85}, 021305 (2012)]. The model is shown to successfully capture the flow regime transitions.

  13. Paradigm Change: Alternate Approaches to Constitutive and Necking Models for Sheet Metal Forming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoughton, Thomas B.; Yoon, Jeong Whan

    2011-08-22

    This paper reviews recent work proposing paradigm changes for the currently popular approach to constitutive and failure modeling, focusing on the use of non-associated flow rules to enable greater flexibility to capture the anisotropic yield and flow behavior of metals using less complex functions than those needed under associated flow to achieve that same level of fidelity to experiment, and on the use of stress-based metrics to more reliably predict necking limits under complex conditions of non-linear forming. The paper discusses motivating factors and benefits in favor of both associated and non-associated flow models for metal forming, including experimental, theoretical, and practical aspects. This review is followed by a discussion of the topic of the forming limits, the limitations of strain analysis, the evidence in favor of stress analysis, the effects of curvature, bending/unbending cycles, triaxial stress conditions, and the motivation for the development of a new type of forming limit diagram based on the effective plastic strain or equivalent plastic work in combination with a directional parameter that accounts for the current stress condition.

  14. The Origin of Cosmic Rays

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Blasi, Pasquale [INAF/Arcetri-Italy and Fermilab, Italy

    2010-01-08

    Cosmic Rays reach the Earth from space with energies of up to more than 1020 eV, carrying information on the most powerful particle accelerators that Nature has been able to assemble. Understanding where and how cosmic rays originate has required almost one century of investigations, and, although the last word is not written yet, recent observations and theory seem now to fit together to provide us with a global picture of the origin of cosmic rays of unprecedented clarity. Here we will describe what we learned from recent observations of astrophysical sources (such as supernova remnants and active galaxies) and we will illustrate what these observations tell us about the physics of particle acceleration and transport. We will also discuss the ?end? of the Galactic cosmic ray spectrum, which bridges out attention towards the so called ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). At ~1020 eV the gyration scale of cosmic rays in cosmic magnetic fields becomes large enough to allow us to point back to their sources, thereby allowing us to perform ?cosmic ray astronomy?, as confirmed by the recent results obtained with the Pierre Auger Observatory. We will discuss the implications of these observations for the understanding of UHECRs, as well as some questions which will likely remain unanswered and will be the target of the next generation of cosmic ray experiments.

  15. Experimental characterization of glass-ceramic seal properties and their constitutive implementation in solid oxide fuel cell stack models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, Elizabeth V.; Vetrano, John S.; Koeppel, Brian J.; Chou, Y. S.; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2009-09-05

    This paper discusses experimental determination of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) glass-ceramic seal material properties and seal/interconnect interfacial properties to support development and optimization of SOFC designs through modeling. Material property experiments such as dynamic resonance, dilatometry, flexure, creep, tensile, and shear tests were performed on PNNL’s glass-ceramic sealant material, designated as G18, to obtain property data essential to constitutive and numerical model development. Characterization methods for the physical, mechanical, and interfacial properties of the sealing material, results, and their application to the constitutive implementation in SOFC stack modeling are described.

  16. ATTENTION BIOLOGY/MARINE BIOLOGY If you think that you qualify, bring this to the attention of a biology faculty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    ATTENTION BIOLOGY/MARINE BIOLOGY STUDENTS: If you think that you qualify, bring this to the attention of a biology faculty member and seek their nomination. The Gary Hicks Memorial Award The Gary in the Biology Department at Dalhousie University for 27 years where he taught developmental and plant biology

  17. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2008/09 University Medal in Biology Alyssa Byers-Heinlein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2008/09 University Medal in Biology Alyssa Byers-Heinlein University Medal in Marine Biology Matthew Morris Avery Prize Jessica Arbour Hugh P. Bell Scholarships, Elisabeth Oakham Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Matthew Morris #12;

  18. Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2009/10 University Medal in Biology Jinnie Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Arunika

    Biology/Marine Biology Prizes/Awards/Scholarships 2009/10 University Medal in Biology Jinnie Kim University Medal in Marine Biology Jesse Kelly University Silver Medal Jinnie Kim Hugh P. Bell Scholarships Vemco Scholarship in Marine Biology Jessie Short #12;

  19. 5, 96419668, 2005 The origin of ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 5, 9641­9668, 2005 The origin of ozone V. Grewe Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions-5-9641 European Geosciences Union Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions The origin of ozone V. Grewe The origin of ozone V. Grewe Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures Back

  20. Origins Program Update Henry Throop, NASA HQ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Throop, Henry

    Origins Program Update Henry Throop, NASA HQ Program officer: Origins of Solar Systems (OSS Overview · Origins is one of NASA's core research & analysis (R&A) programs, focusing on... · # 1, 2, 3: NASA Planetary Science Division (Henry Throop), $6M/yr · # 4, 5: NASA Astrophysics Division (Mario

  1. Biological Engineering integrates life sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    of biological systems. Biological Engineering impacts the well-being of humans, plants, and animals through and global challenges such as ensuring safe and sustainable food and energy supplies, protecting natural agencies. Products of their efforts help ensure a safe and adequate supply of food and water, create new

  2. Research Councils UK Synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    Research Councils UK Synthetic biology #12;Synthetic biology Research funded by the Research a variety of approaches to support innovation and deliver impact from research, including the development of collaborative research programmes, investment in major research capabilities, such as national research

  3. Cheatgrass Biology, Ecology, and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Cheatgrass Biology, Ecology, and Management Fabián Menalled menalled@montana.edu 406-994-4783 Montana State #12;http://ipm.montana.edu/cropweeds #12;#12;· Biology and identification of brome species secalinus Not found in MT #12;Cheatgrass Japanese brome #12;Pictures from Interactive Encyclopedia of North

  4. A Turbulent Constitutive Law for the Two-Dimensional Inverse Energy Cascade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory L. Eyink

    2005-12-10

    We develop a fundamental approach to a turbulent constitutive law for the 2D inverse cascade, based upon a convergent multi-scale gradient (MSG) expansion. To first order in gradients we find that the turbulent stress generated by small-scale eddies is proportional not to strain but instead to `skew-strain,' i.e. the strain tensor rotated by $45^\\circ.$ The skew-strain from a given scale of motion makes no contribution to energy flux across eddies at that scale, so that the inverse cascade cannot be strongly scale-local. We show that this conclusion extends a result of Kraichnan for spectral transfer and is due to absence of vortex-stretching in 2D. This `weakly local' mechanism of inverse cascade requires a relative rotation between the principal directions of strain at different scales and we argue for this using both the dynamical equations of motion and also a heuristic model of `thinning' of small-scale vortices by an imposed large-scale strain. Carrying out our expansion to second-order in gradients, we find two additional terms in the stress that can contribute to energy cascade. The first is a Newtonian stress with an `eddy-viscosity' due to differential strain-rotation, and the second is a tensile stress exerted along vorticity contour-lines. The latter was anticipated by Kraichnan for a very special model situation of small-scale vortex wave-packets in a uniform strain field. We prove a proportionality in 2D between the mean rates of differential strain-rotation and of vorticity-gradient stretching, analogous to a similar relation of Betchov for 3D. According to this result the second-order stresses will also contribute to inverse cascade when, as is plausible, vorticity contour-lines lengthen on average by turbulent advection.

  5. Arts & Sciences Biology, B.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    6/7/13 Arts & Sciences Biology, B.A. Broad Learning Goals A. Understand basic biological principles, and appreciate the breadth of modern biology. B. Understand and apply the scientific principle to conceptual or experimental problems in biology. C. Present biological data, and interpretations of the data, in written

  6. Geography Graduate Students' Association Constitution The University of Calgary p. 1 of 5 Current as of Friday, September 19, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Geography Graduate Students' Association Constitution The University of Calgary p. 1 of 5 Current as of Friday, September 19, 2008 The Geography Graduate Students' Association of the University of Calgary as "The Geography Graduate Students' Association of the University of Calgary", hereinafter referred

  7. Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 77, no. 1, 014502 (2010) Page 1 Constitutive Modeling of Electrostrictive Polymers using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odegard, Gregory M.

    2010-01-01

    of Electrostrictive Polymers using a Hyperelasticity-Based Approach A.W. Richards and G.M. Odegard1 Department-based and polymer-based electroactive materials, a fully-characterized model has not yet been developed to predict the response of transversely-isotropic polymer electrostrictives. A constitutive model is developed within

  8. Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ussery, David W.

    Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology Visualisation of Large Amounts of Data Dave Ussery 27 February, 2008 #12;Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology #12;Comparative Microbial Genomics group

  9. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 22 June 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxe, Rebecca

    Department of Human Perception, Cognition, and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tuebingen, Germany 3 Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  10. Ris Energy Report 2 Bioenergy is energy of biological and renewable origin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of bioenergy in the industrialised coun- tries, on the other hand, varies from 4% in the USA to 20% in Finland; · electricity supply; and · heating. In the transport sector, biodiesel produced from veg- etable oils could. For electricity production, the use of bioenergy crops is an effective way to mitigate the greenhouse effect

  11. Biological Water Dynamics and Entropy: A Biophysical Origin of Cancer and Other Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Robert M.

    This paper postulates that water structure is altered by biomolecules as well as by disease-enabling entities such as certain solvated ions, and in turn water dynamics and structure affect the function of biomolecular ...

  12. On the multiscale origins of fracture resistance in human bone and its biological degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmermann, Elizabeth A.; Barth, Holly D.; Ritchie, Robert O.

    2012-03-09

    Akin to other mineralized tissues, human cortical bone can resist deformation and fracture due to the nature of its hierarchical structure, which spans the molecular to macroscopic length-scales. Deformation at the smallest scales, mainly through the composite action of the mineral and collagen, contributes to bone?s strength or intrinsic fracture resistance, while crack-tip shielding mechanisms active on the microstructural scale contribute to the extrinsic fracture resistance once cracking begins. The efficiency with which these structural features can resist fracture at both small and large length-scales becomes severely degraded with such factors as aging, irradiation and disease. Indeed aging and irradiation can cause changes to the cross-link profile at fibrillar length-scales as well as changes at the three orders of magnitude larger scale of the osteonal structures, both of which combine to inhibit the bone's overall resistance to the initiation and growth of cracks.

  13. Rank 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 1 Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Scien

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    Engineering Sociology 3 Sociology 3 Animal Science Animal Science Biochemistry Animal Science Biochem Biological Sciences Biological Sciences Biological Sciences 2 Biochemistry Biochemistry Biochemistry Economics 4 Political Science 2 Political Science 2 Human Development Biochemistry Biochemistry Political

  14. The new biology: beyond the Modern Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R; Oakley, Todd H

    2007-01-01

    The Evolution of Biology. New York: Oxford University Press;2003. Woese CR: A new biology for a new century. Microbiol1961, 5:. Comfort A: The biology of senescence. 3rd edition.

  15. Monte Carlo simulation in systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schellenberger, Jan

    2010-01-01

    2 The history of Monte Carlo Sampling in Systems Biology 1.1simulation tools: the systems biology workbench and biospiceCellular and Molecular Biology. ASM Press, Washington

  16. Engineering supported membranes for cell biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Cheng-han; Groves, Jay T.

    2010-01-01

    membranes in structural biology. J Struct Biol 168:1–2 50.supported membranes for cell biology Cheng-han Yu • Jay T.range problems in cell biology. Because lateral mobility of

  17. Noah A. Rosenberg Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    Noah A. Rosenberg Department of Biology Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-5020 USA (650) 721 appointments 2011- Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Stanford University 2009-2011 Associate Professor, Departments of Human Genetics, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, and Biostatistics, University

  18. THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY OXFORD, MARYLAND: PROGRAMS OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY OXFORD, MARYLAND: PROGRAMS AND PERSPECTIVES Circular 200 Washington, D.C. October 1964 #12;Cover Photo: The Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory

  19. Interpretation of Self-Potential Anomalies Using Constitutive Relationships for Electrochemical and Thermoelectric Coupling Coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, R. B.; Kasameyer, P. W.

    1988-01-01

    Constitutive relationships for electrochemical and thermoelectric cross-coupling coefficients are derived using ionic mobilities, applying a general derivative of chemical potential and employing the zero net current condition. The general derivative of chemical potential permits thermal variations which give rise to the thermoelectric effect. It also accounts for nonideal solution behavior. An equation describing electric field strength is similarly derived with the additional assumption of electrical neutrality in the fluid Planck approximation. The Planck approximation implies that self-potential (SP) is caused only by local sources and also that the electric field strength has only first order spatial variations. The derived relationships are applied to the NaCl-KCl concentration cell with predicted and measured voltages agreeing within 0.4 mV. The relationships are also applied to the Long Valley and Yellowstone geothermal systems. There is a high degree of correlation between predicted and measured SP response for both systems, giving supporting evidence for the validity of the approach. Predicted SP amplitude exceeds measured in both cases; this is a possible consequence of the Planck approximation. Electrochemical sources account for more than 90% of the predicted response in both cases while thermoelectric mechanisms account for the remaining 10%; electrokinetic effects are not considered. Predicted electrochemical and thermoelectric voltage coupling coefficients are comparable to values measured in the laboratory. The derived relationships are also applied to arbitrary distributions of temperature and fluid composition to investigate the geometric diversity of observed SP anomalies. Amplitudes predicted for hypothetical saline spring and hot spring environments are less than 40 mV. In contrast, hypothetical near surface steam zones generate very large amplitudes, over 2 V in one case. These results should be viewed with some caution due to the uncertain validity of the Planck approximation for these conditions. All amplitudes are controlled by electrochemical mechanisms. Polarities are controlled by the curvature of the concentration or thermal profile. Concave upward thermal profiles produce positive anomalies, for constant fluid concentrations, whereas concave upward concentration profiles produce negative anomalies. Concave downward concentration profiles are characterized by small negative closures bounding a larger, positive SP anomaly.

  20. Origin of Cosmic Chemical Abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maio, Umberto

    2015-01-01

    Cosmological N-body hydrodynamic computations following atomic and molecular chemistry (e$^-$, H, H$^+$, H$^-$, He, He$^+$, He$^{++}$, D, D$^+$, H$_2$, H$_2^+$, HD, HeH$^+$), gas cooling, star formation and production of heavy elements (C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe, etc.) from stars covering a range of mass and metallicity are used to explore the origin of several chemical abundance patterns and to study both the metal and molecular content during simulated galaxy assembly. The resulting trends show a remarkable similarity to up-to-date observations of the most metal-poor damped Lyman-$\\alpha$ absorbers at redshift $z\\gtrsim 2$. These exhibit a transient nature and represent collapsing gaseous structures captured while cooling is becoming effective in lowering the temperature below $\\sim 10^4\\,\\rm K$, before they are disrupted by episodes of star formation or tidal effects. Our theoretical results agree with the available data for typical elemental ratios, such as [C/O], [Si/Fe], [O/Fe], [Si/O], [Fe/H], [O/...

  1. Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines This factsheet explains studies conducted in a...

  2. The sequestration efficiency of the biological pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeVries, Tim; Primeau, Francois; Deutsch, Curtis

    2012-01-01

    Preformed phosphate, soft tissue pump and atmospheric CO 2 ,efficiency of the biological pump Tim DeVries, 1 Francoisproduces a “biological pump” that reduces the concentration

  3. Computational biology and high performance computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoichet, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Biology and High Performance Computing Manfred Zorn, TeresaBiology and High Performance Computing Presenters: Manfred99-Portland High performance computing has become one of the

  4. Chemistry & Biology Deciphering the Late Biosynthetic Steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    Chemistry & Biology Article Deciphering the Late Biosynthetic Steps of Antimalarial Compound FR Engineering 2Institute for Genomic Biology 3Department of Microbiology 4Department of Chemistry 5Departments

  5. Renewable Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hydrogen Production from Biological Systems Matthew Posewitz Colorado School of Mines DOE Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop September 24 th , 2013 H 2 production PSIIPSI...

  6. DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY Hurricane Savitz Hits Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, John J.

    DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY Hurricane Savitz Hits Florida (Photo Credit: Michael Masellis, Biology Major Hurricane Savitz Hits Florida Future Science Teachers' Club Recent Grant Successes Forthcoming Publications

  7. Sustainability of Transient Kinetic Regimes and Origins of Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zubarev, Dmitry Yu

    2015-01-01

    It is generally recognized that a distinguishing feature of life is its peculiar capability to avoid equilibration. The origin of this capability and its evolution along the timeline of abiogenesis is not yet understood. We propose to study an analog of this phenomenon that could emerge in non-biological systems. To this end, we introduce the concept of sustainability of transient kinetic regimes. This concept is illustrated via investigation of cooperative effects in an extended system of compartmentalized chemical oscillators under batch conditions. The computational study of a model system shows robust enhancement of lifetimes of the decaying oscillations which translates into the evolution of the survival function of the non-equilibrium regime. This model does not rely on any form of replication. Rather, it explores the role of a structured effective environment as a contributor to the system-bath interactions that define non- equilibrium regimes. We implicate the noise produced by the effective environme...

  8. Architecture & Civil Engineering Biology & Biochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Department Architecture & Civil Engineering Biology & Biochemistry Chemical Engineering Chemistry Computer Science Economics Education Electronic & Electrical Engineering Department Health Management Mathematical Sciences Mechanical Engineering Natural Sciences (please go to the Info Fair ­ no staff in office

  9. BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Program of Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    The Master of Science in Biological Engineering prepares students to conduct research involving Professor. Conformation of interfacial species, surface spectroscopies/microscopies, binary polymer Sciences. Composites, coating layer mechanical properties. Barbara J. W. Cole, Ph.D. (Washington, 1986

  10. Synthesizing Law for Synthetic Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01

    , metabolic pathways, cells, viruses, and whole organisms rapidly, inexpensively, and easily. Already, a number of institutions have helped synthetic biology achieve considerable success, both in terms of science and public awareness. The BioBricks Foundation...

  11. Preparing for Transfer Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Preparing for Transfer Majors: Biological Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Computer Science Electrical & Computer Engineering Engineering Physics Environmental Engineering Information Science, Systems, & Technology Materials Science & Engineering Mechanical Engineering Operations

  12. Preparing for Transfer Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Preparing for Transfer Majors: Biological Engineering Biomedical Engineering* Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Computer Science Electrical & Computer Engineering Engineering Physics Environmental Engineering Information Science, Systems, & Technology Materials Science & Engineering Mechanical Engineering

  13. Modular design of biological systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norville, Julie Erin, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    The focus of my research is the development of technology for building compound biological systems from simpler pieces. I designed BioScaffold parts, a family of variable regions that can be inserted into a DNA sequence ...

  14. ADVANCEMENT COUNCIL Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalcraft, David R.

    Institute Mark Philips, B.S. North Carolina Biotechnology Center Francis J. Reilly, Jr. Ph.D. Logistics Management Institute Bobby J. Ward, Ph. D. Retired, CP&L Biologues A Newsletter of the Department of Biology

  15. Synthetic biology and crop engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-A: Synthetic Biology and the Promise of Biofuels Jonathan Burbaum, Program Director, Department of Energy, Office of Science, ARPA–E

  16. Ordered rate constitutive theories in Lagrangian description for thermoelastic solids and thermoviscoelastic solids with and without memory using Helmholtz free energy density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moody, Tristan

    2013-05-31

    The research work presented here considers development of constitutive theories in Lagrangian description for homogeneous, isotropic, compressible and incompressible thermoelastic solids, thermoviscoelastic solids without ...

  17. POLICY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Effective Date: February 15, 2010 Originating Office: Office of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doedel, Eusebius

    POLICY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Effective Date: February 15, 2010 Originating, storage, removal or disposal of chemicals or other hazardous chemical products on University premises. For the purposes of this Policy, hazardous materials includes chemicals, biological, and radioactive materials

  18. Cadherin evolution and the origin of animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abedin, Monika

    2010-01-01

    of Opisthokonta and the evolution of multicellularity and2000). Origin and evolution of the colonial volvocales (King, N. , (2006). Early evolution of animal cell signaling

  19. The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Chemical Biology Cancer Biology Energy Sciences Microbial Diversity Nanobiology Systems Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Chemical Biology Cancer Biology Energy Sciences Microbial Diversity Nanobiology Systems Biology The Chemical Biology Institute at Yale's West Campus #12 and molecular assem- blies, large and small, to address challenging problems in health, energy

  20. The Origin of Indian Corn and its Relatives. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph); Reeves, R. G. (Robert Gatlin)

    1939-01-01

    Introduction; Botanical Relationships of Maize; Previous Evidence on the Origin of Maize; Previous Theories on the Origin of Maize; New Evidence from Cytogenetic Studies; The Origin of Teosinte; The Origin of Maize; The ...

  1. Petri net modelling of biological Claudine Chaouiya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    Petri net modelling of biological networks Claudine Chaouiya Submitted: 31st March 2007; Received into the functioning of complex biological networks. In this context, Petri nets (PNs) have recently emerged of the computational systems biology. Keywords: dynamical modelling; Petri nets; biological networks INTRODUCTION

  2. MASTER OF SCIENCE STUDIES IN BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Don

    Ver. 1.15 MASTER OF SCIENCE STUDIES IN BIOLOGY GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS, GRADUATE STUDENTS AND GRADUATE Biology and Ecology Physiology and Cellular/Molecular Biology Research Tools COURSE LOADS AND RECOMMENDED.......................................................................................................................................12 Change of Thesis Advisor Registration for Biological Research Thesis Proposal Registration

  3. Supplemental Graduate Application DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    Supplemental Graduate Application DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY INDIANA UNIVERSITY-PURDUE UNIVERSITY FORT: ______________________ To assist with processing your application please fill out and submit this form to biology For questions, please refer to the Biology Graduate Programs Handbook or contact the Biology Graduate Program

  4. Biology Advising Office Building 44, Room 135

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Biology Advising Office Building 44, Room 135 Mailing Address: Biology Advising Office, University of Utah, 257 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0840 http://www.biology.utah.edu/undergraduate/advising.php Email: advising@biology.utah.edu Phone: (801) 581-6244 Fax: (801) 581-8571 Denise M. Brenis, Director

  5. Plant & Microbial Biology Spring 2012 Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildermuth, Mary C

    Lovley Department of Microbial Biology | University of Massachusetts, Amherst "Artificial Photosynthesis

  6. EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN //Original Base Plan//

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN //Original Base Plan// Draft Date: March 24, 2008 Review By: Emergency: Emergency Management Policy (original dated 02/06/08) Responsible Officer for Implementation: Director of Emergency Management Any person who requires assistance in understanding any aspect of this document should

  7. Elliott J Blumenthal-Biology Lead Advisor and Associate Chair-Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburger, Peter

    Elliott J Blumenthal- Biology Lead Advisor and Associate Chair- Biology Frank V Paladino- Chair, Department of Biology #12;Objectives for Orientation today To give a description of the Biology Program To give an overview of the various "CONCENTRATIONS" that are available for majors in Biology To describe

  8. Biology BS, Environmental Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Environmental Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits 170 4 DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323

  9. 6/06/09 BA in General Biology Bachelor of Arts in General Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6/06/09 BA in General Biology Bachelor of Arts in General Biology Department of Biology College of Science and Engineering Undergraduate Programs Students majoring in the General Biology degree program are required to complete 57 units in the major. In addition to the biological science courses, it includes

  10. Biology BS, Human Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Human Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits 170 4 DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323

  11. Systems biology approach to bioremediation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, R.; Wu, C. H.; Hazen, T. C.

    2012-01-01

    Bioremediation has historically been approached as a ?black box? in terms of our fundamental understanding. Thus it succeeds and fails, seldom without a complete understanding of why. Systems biology is an integrated research approach to study complex biological systems, by investigating interactions and networks at the molecular, cellular, community, and ecosystem level. The knowledge of these interactions within individual components is fundamental to understanding the dynamics of the ecosystem under investigation. Understanding and modeling functional microbial community structure and stress responses in environments at all levels have tremendous implications for our fundamental understanding of hydrobiogeochemical processes and the potential for making bioremediation breakthroughs and illuminating the ?black box?.

  12. Chemical and Biological Engineering Department Code 1 Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dandy, David

    Chemical and Biological Engineering Department Code 1 CODE of the Department of Chemical of Chemical & Biological Engineering. For clarity of presentation, some passages are copied directly from shall offer an undergraduate chemical and biological engineering program of technological, scientific

  13. WithCarbonSequestration Biological-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    342928Net energy ratio 2.603.303.60$/kg H2Total cost Central Hydrogen from Biomass via Gasification · Techno-Economic Analysis of H2 Production by Gasification of Biomass · Renewables Analysis · BiomassWithCarbonSequestration Biomass Hydro Wind Solar Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil Biological

  14. Biology 2250 Principles of Genetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innes, David J.

    . David J. Innes B MendelianGenetics Tentative Lecture Dates and Topics Carr: Sept. 14 - 30 Structure1 Biology 2250 Principles of Genetics Instructors: Dr. Steven M. Carr B Molecular Genetics Dr and function of DNA and genes Innes: Oct. 7 ­ Nov. 12 Mendelian Genetics Carr: Nov. 18 ­ Dec. 2 Molecular

  15. Offered Fall Semester: Biological Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Offered Fall Semester: Biological Physics Physics 466 / Physics 566 (conjoint) provides a fundamental physical understanding of the operation of cells, biomolecules and molecular machines. MWF 4:10-5:00pm, Webster 11 (3 cr) Instructor: Fred Gittes, Clinical Professor of Physics and Astronomy: gittes

  16. Chemistry & Biology 16 Supplemental Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Jianjun

    Chemistry & Biology 16 Supplemental Data Inorganic Mercury Detection and Controlled Release Cheng, Gerard C. L. Wong, and Yi Lu SUPPLEMENTAL EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Materials The lipids 1, in Eagle's Menimum Essential Medium, supplemented with 100 units/mL aqueous penicillin G, 100 µg

  17. DCC Case Study: Integrative Biology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Martin; Boyd, Victoria; Spellman, Jill

    2008-04-03

    these illnesses. The main aim of the Integrative Biology (IB) project is to realise this potential by developing multi-scale models - spanning the range from genes to whole organs - and to provide data management features for its disparate users including...

  18. Poverty Grass Biology and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Poverty Grass Biology and Management Hilary Sandler, Katherine Ghantous, and Chelsea Hedderig UMass Cranberry Station, East Wareham, MA 02538 www.umass.edu/cranberry Background In the 1950's, Poverty grass identified as our "poverty grass" and has also been known as broom beardgrass. Little bluestem is often

  19. SYSTEMS BIOLOGY Accurate information transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsimring, Lev S.

    SYSTEMS BIOLOGY Accurate information transmission through dynamic biochemical signaling networks) and variability in cellular states (extrinsic noise) degrade information transmitted through signaling networks-induced information loss. In the extracellular signal­regulated kinase (ERK), calcium (Ca2+ ), and nuclear factor

  20. Biological Impacts of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, John P.

    Biological Impacts of Climate Change John P McCarty, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE and reproduction depend on how well adapted individuals are to local climate patterns. Climate change can disrupt subsequent impacts on populations or species' distributions across geographic regions. Climate change may

  1. Advanced Topics in Computational Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    1 Advanced Topics in Computational Biology April 6, 2015 CS260 3D structure of genomes ... the next frontier in genomic is space #12;2 Genome (chromosome) 3D structure · Conformation of chromosomes in nuclei is critical to many cellular processes such as gene regulation, DNA replication, maintenance of genome

  2. Analytical determination of the constitutive behavior from micro-pillar testing: Application to a tempered martensitic steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ilchuk, N., E-mail: nazar.ilchuk@gmail.com; Spätig, P., E-mail: philippe.spatig@psi.ch [Fusion Technology-Materials, CRPP EPFL, Association EURATOM-Confédération Suisse, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Laboratory for Nuclear Materials, Nuclear Energy and Safety Research Department, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Seifert, H.-P. [Laboratory for Nuclear Materials, Nuclear Energy and Safety Research Department, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)] [Laboratory for Nuclear Materials, Nuclear Energy and Safety Research Department, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2014-04-15

    Micro-compression experiments were carried out on micro-pillars, with nominal diameter of 10 ?m and height 20 ?m, and fabricated from a high-chromium tempered martensitic steels developed for nuclear applications. An analytical method was proposed to calculate the imposed compressive displacement on the pillar that allows determining the constitutive behavior up to about 5% of plastic strain. The experimental micro-compression curves were showed to be adequately modeled by the finite element simulations, which were used to validate the main assumption considered for the analytical model development.

  3. A wind origin for Titan's haze structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hourdin, Chez Frédéric

    .............................................................. A wind origin for Titan's haze feedback between the haze and the winds. Earth-based observations have long indicated the presence of CH43 succeeded in producing a strong super- rotation with prograde equatorial zonal winds of about 100

  4. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Implementing Diagnostic Criteria and Estimating Frequency of Mild Cognitive criteria. Objectives: To operationalize diagnostic criteria for MCI and examine the frequency of MCI in ethnically and lin- guistically diverse elders (individuals older than 65 years). Design: Prospective

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Controls of Suspended Sediment Concentration,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL PAPER Controls of Suspended Sediment Concentration, Nutrient Content, and Transport 2009 Abstract Redistribution of largely organic sediment from low elevation sloughs to higher elevation by measuring the concentration and character- istics of suspended sediment and its associated nutrients

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Offer Shai Efim Mohr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Offer Shai Æ Efim Mohr Transforming engineering knowledge through graph introduces an approach for trans- forming methods and knowledge between different engineering fields through ways of conducting engineering research by enabling a systematic derivation of engineering knowledge

  7. Constitutive models for the Etchegoin Sands, Belridge Diatomite, and overburden formations at the Lost Hills oil field, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FOSSUM,ARLO F.; FREDRICH,JOANNE T.

    2000-04-01

    This report documents the development of constitutive material models for the overburden formations, reservoir formations, and underlying strata at the Lost Hills oil field located about 45 miles northwest of Bakersfield in Kern County, California. Triaxial rock mechanics tests were performed on specimens prepared from cores recovered from the Lost Hills field, and included measurements of axial and radial stresses and strains under different load paths. The tested intervals comprise diatomaceous sands of the Etchegoin Formation and several diatomite types of the Belridge Diatomite Member of the Monterey Formation, including cycles both above and below the diagenetic phase boundary between opal-A and opal-CT. The laboratory data are used to drive constitutive parameters for the Extended Sandler-Rubin (ESR) cap model that is implemented in Sandia's structural mechanics finite element code JAS3D. Available data in the literature are also used to derive ESR shear failure parameters for overburden formations. The material models are being used in large-scale three-dimensional geomechanical simulations of the reservoir behavior during primary and secondary recovery.

  8. The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Energy Sciences Cancer Biology Chemical Biology Microbial Diversity Nanobiology Systems Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Microbial Diversity Nanobiology Systems Biology The Energy Sciences Institute at Yale's West Campus #12The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Energy Sciences Cancer Biology Chemical Biology;#12;T he need for cheap, abundant energy is among the defining issues of our time. In the twentieth

  9. The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Nanobiology Cancer Biology Chemical Biology Energy Sciences Microbial Diversity Systems Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Science Institutes at Yale's West Campus Nanobiology Cancer Biology Chemical Biology Energy Sciences Microbial Diversity Systems Biology The Nanobiology Institute at Yale's West Campus #12;#12;I n energy. The potential for discovery is extraordinary. Yale scientists are exploring a new frontier within

  10. Stacy Evans Computational Molecular Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    genome project, genes horizontally and laterally gene transferred have been implicated as the source of bacterial protein homologs in the human genome. Additionally, similar protein homologs have been identified to determine HT genes. For instance, original work conducted in 2001 by the human genome sequencing effort

  11. Computational Modelling in Systems and Synthetic Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero-Campero, Francisco J.

    modules Networks Cells Colonies Systems Biology and Synthetic Biology #12;Stochasticity is important processes. Executable semantics. o Modularity in cellular systems, especially in gene regulatory networks been successfully applied. Monika Heiner, David Gilbert, Robin Donaldson. Petri Nets for Systems

  12. New Mexico State University Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houde, Peter

    1 New Mexico State University Department of Biology Functions and Criteria for Faculty Evaluation of Biology, the College of Arts and Sciences, and New Mexico State University reward and retain faculty

  13. Authentic teaching and learning through synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuldell, Natalie

    Synthetic biology is an emerging engineering discipline that, if successful, will allow well-characterized biological components to be predictably and reliably built into robust organisms that achieve specific functions. ...

  14. Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology Thomas E. Creighton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oster, George

    Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology Thomas E. Creighton ISBN: 0-471-15302-8 ATP Synthase: Two rotary be divided into two operational regions denoted Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 4 Volume Set Thomas E

  15. Foundational platform for mammalian synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidsohn, Noah (Noah Justin)

    2013-01-01

    The emergent field of synthetic biology is different from many other biological engineering efforts, in that its roots, design principles, and forward engineering perspective have been adopted from electrical engineering ...

  16. At the Biological Modeling and Simulation Frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    methods (Boolean networks, Petri nets (27), pi- calculi,C. Petri net modelling of biological networks. Brief

  17. Biology and the Foundation of Ethics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    . Evolutionary ethics. Biology and Philosophy 1: 325-35. Van Ingen, J. 1994. Why Be Moral? New York: Peter Lang

  18. Module Identification for Biological Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yijie

    2015-08-12

    into the Deoxyri- bonucleic acid (DNA), which is a molecule that stores the genetic instructions used in all biological processes of all known living organisms. Human Genome Project (HGP) has achieved tremendous success in determining the DNA sequence and rec...- ognizing and mapping genes of the human genome based on both their physical and functional responsibilities. However, HGP collaborated all research pioneers around the world and still costed 13 years and $3 billions, which illustrates how difficult...

  19. Autonomous observations of the ocean biological carbon pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, James K.B.

    2009-01-01

    efficiency of biological pump in the global ocean. JournalOcean Biological Carbon Pump Carbon Flux Explorerocean’s “biological carbon pump” (Broecker and Peng, 1982;

  20. Lex Genetica: The Law and Ethics of Programming Biological Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burk, DL

    2015-01-01

    The law and ethics of programming biological code Dan L.biological artifacts. Such programming may include usagerelated to biological programming, the latter technology

  1. Systems biology of the cardiac hypoxia response in Drosophila

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feala, Jacob Daniel

    2008-01-01

    in Molecular Systems Biology , volume 3, article number 99,appear in Molecular Systems Biology. The dissertation authoret al. (2003) The systems biology markup language (SBML): a

  2. Booly : a new data integration platform for systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, Long Hoang

    2010-01-01

    for enabling conceptual biology. Bioinformatics 2005, 21for data integration in biology. Trends Biotechnol 1999, 17(the unification of biology. The Gene Ontology Consortium.

  3. Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production Report documenting the biological and...

  4. Graduate Programs in Plant Biology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildermuth, Mary C

    not re- biochemistry, cell and molecular biology (B22). pmb.berkeley.edu Plant&Microbial Biology #12;The to the environment will continue to fuel the expansion of plant research well into the future. The plant biology program focuses on contemporary ba- sic plant research, design of biotechnologies, and plant-microbe

  5. Evolution of biological complexity Christoph Adami*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ofria, Charles A.

    Evolution of biological complexity Christoph Adami* , Charles Ofria§ , and Travis C. Collier, Pasadena, CA 91125; and ¶Division of Organismic Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, University of California in the evolution of complexity in biological evolution, complexity needs to be both rigorously defined

  6. Chemical and Biological Engineering Summary of Actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Chemical and Biological Engineering Summary of Actions 2014-2015 Concern Recommendation Action Follow-up 1. The department name is Chemical and Biological Engineering. An analysis of student Biological Engineering programs. 4. The second semester of the senior capstone sequence in Chemical

  7. REVIEW ARTICLE Profile likelihood in systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timmer, Jens

    REVIEW ARTICLE Profile likelihood in systems biology Clemens Kreutz1,2 , Andreas Raue1,3 , Daniel for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), University of Freiburg, Germany 3 Institute of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology of Freiburg, Germany 5 BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, University of Freiburg, Germany

  8. Synthetic Biology for Therapeutic Applications Zhanar Abil,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    Synthetic Biology for Therapeutic Applications Zhanar Abil, Xiong Xiong, and Huimin Zhao of Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry, Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology and Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois

  9. Petra Anne Levin Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petra Anne Levin Department of Biology Campus Box 1137 Washington University St. Louis, MO 63130 Fellow Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology Advisor: Dr. Alan Grossman 1996 Ph.D., Biology Harvard University, Cambridge, MA Dissertation: Asymmetric Division During Spore Formation

  10. A CONSTRAINED OBJECT APPROACH TO SYSTEMS BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    A CONSTRAINED OBJECT APPROACH TO SYSTEMS BIOLOGY by Manu Pushpendran September 2006 A thesis towards Dr. Daniel Fischer for allowing me to audit his course on Computational Biology which helped me gain significant insights on many biological terms. Special thanks to Dr. Gokul Das from Roswell Park

  11. FACULTY EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    OF BIOLOGY Permanent Full-Time Position (Tenure-Track) Assistant Professor Starting mid-August 2014 REFER of Biology at Sonoma State University seeks applications from broadly trained biologists with teaching and research interests and expertise in molecular biology, for a tenure-track Assistant Professor position

  12. LifeMEETSscience Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    LifeMEETSscience Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics Science Meets Life. Minnesota with the guidance of internationally-renowned scientists in the Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics (BMBB that is a hallmark of the Twin Cities and Minnesota. The Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics Graduate

  13. The Division of Biology & Biomedical Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gereau, Robert W. IV

    The Division of Biology & Biomedical Sciences what will YOU discover? #12;620students more than 470faculty 36departments 12programs and one YOU. DBBS Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences Washington. The Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences (DBBS) is ideally positioned to foster the interdisciplinary

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Cellulose-degrading bacteria associated with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transcontinental movement during human trade and travel is resulting in increased rates of biological invasions

  15. Roadmap: Biology Organismal Biology Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-BSCI-ORBI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Biology ­ Organismal Biology ­ Bachelor of Science [AS-BS-BSCI-ORBI] College of Arts/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan of study for this major. However, courses General Elective 3 #12;Roadmap: Biology ­ Organismal Biology ­ Bachelor of Science [AS

  16. Symbolic Systems Biology: Theory and Methods, Jones and Bartlett Publishers 2010 On Statecharts for Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harel, David

    Symbolic Systems Biology: Theory and Methods, Jones and Bartlett Publishers 2010 On Statecharts for Biology Jasmin Fisher and David Harel Biology as Reactivity One of the central issues in software decade or so, we and others have carried out work on viewing biological systems as reactive systems

  17. REQUIREMENTS FOR MINOR IN FISHERY BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND CONSERVATION BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REQUIREMENTS FOR MINOR IN FISHERY BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND CONSERVATION BIOLOGY for minor= 26 - 28 Aquatic and Fishery Electives for Fishery Biology Minor (Additional course work may 301/307, MATH 141/155/160) BZ 332 Phycology (F) FW 402 Fish Culture (S; FW 300) BZ 471 Stream Biology

  18. Biology BS, Molecular Cell Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Molecular Cell Biology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title 160 or MATH 170 4 DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 in a first field 3 DLS Social Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell

  19. Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Cultural Competence in the College Biology Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Cultural Competence in the College Biology Classroom Kimberly Tanner* and Deborah Allen *Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132; and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716

  20. Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feature Approaches to Biology Teaching and Learning Making Biology Learning Relevant to Students: Integrating People, History, and Context into College Biology Teaching Katayoun Chamany,*Deborah Allen College, The New School for Liberal Arts, New York, NY 10011; Department of Biological Sciences

  1. Molecular Biology The molecular biology major at Stetson University is designed for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Molecular Biology The molecular biology major at Stetson University is designed for students interested in the interface between the life sciences and physical sciences. Molecular biology is an interdisciplinary science that uses the techniques of biology and chemistry to examine genetic inheritance

  2. A First Attempt to Bring Computational Biology into Advanced High School Biology Classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Debra S.

    Education A First Attempt to Bring Computational Biology into Advanced High School Biology Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America, 2Boulder of a computational ele- ment in secondary biology classrooms is of growing concern to the computational biology

  3. MSc Marine Biology Module description (A) MODULE A: FUNDAMENTALS OF MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diekmann, Martin

    1 MSc Marine Biology ­ Module description (A) MODULE A: FUNDAMENTALS OF MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY (OBLIGATORY COURSES) A1. Principles of Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography (5 CP) A2. Principles of Marine Ecophysiology (5 CP) A3. Experimental Design and Data Analysis (5 CP) TIMING AND DURATION

  4. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 02 September 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gage, Daniel J.

    of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA 2 Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT The rhizosphere is a hotbed of microbial activity in ecosystems, fueled by carbon compounds from plant roots are difficult to answer with standard, destructive soil assays mixing a multitude of microbe

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Association of Major Depressive Disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    . Matthews, MD; Arthur D. (Bud) Craig, PhD; Martin P. Paulus, MD Context: Chronic pain and depression During Anticipation and Processing of Heat Pain Irina A. Strigo, PhD; Alan N. Simmons, PhD; Scott C are highly co- morbid conditions, yet little is known about the neuro- biological basis of pain processing

  6. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 18 September 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,2 , Katsumi Watanabe1 and Heinrich H. Bülthoff2,3 * 1 Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany 3 Department of Brain and Cognitive Engineering *Correspondence: Kohske Takahashi, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 4

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Colonization of subsurface microbial observatories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , containing fluids in thermodynamic disequilibrium with the basaltic crust. Little is known about microbial. Crustal samples recovered from ocean drilling operations are often compromised for micro- biological of the Juan de Fuca Ridge record a dynamic, post-drilling response of crustal microbial ecosystems to changing

  8. Stem cell biology is population biology: differentiation of hematopoietic multipotent progenitors to common lymphoid and myeloid progenitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangel, Marc; Bonsall, Michael B

    2013-01-01

    M: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Biology. New York: Humana Press;In Hematopoietic Stem Cell Biology. Edited by Kondo M. Newmodels in stem cell biology: replacement, quiescence, and

  9. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the CuprateNature and Origin

  10. Argonne Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine Bearing Failures Argonne Researchers Shine "Light" on Origins of Wind Turbine Bearing Failures September 12, 2014 - 11:34am...

  11. Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future instrumentation (or knowledge of instrumentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Origins of weak lensing...

  12. Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Toward Understanding the Microscopic Origin of Nuclear Clustering Open...

  13. Method of measurement in biological systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turteltaub, K.W.; Vogel, J.S.; Felton, J.S.; Gledhill, B.L.: Davis, J.C.; Stanker, L.H.

    1993-05-11

    A method is disclosed of quantifying molecules in biological substances, comprising: selecting a biological host in which radioisotopes are present in concentrations equal to or less than those in the ambient biosphere; preparing a long-lived radioisotope labeled reactive chemical specie; administering the chemical specie to the biological host in doses sufficiently low to avoid significant overt damage to the biological system; allowing a period of time to elapse sufficient for dissemination and interaction of the chemical specie with the host throughout the biological system of the host; isolating a reacted fraction of the biological substance from the host in a manner sufficient to avoid contamination of the substance from extraneous sources; converting the fraction of biological substance by suitable means to a material which efficiently produces charged ions in at least one of several possible ion sources without introduction of significant isotopic fractionation; and measuring the radioisotope concentration in the material by means of direct isotopic counting.

  14. Sacrificial bonds and hidden length in biomaterials -- a kinetic, constitutive description of strength and toughness in bone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieou, Charles K C; Carlson, Jean M

    2013-01-01

    Sacrificial bonds and hidden length in structural molecules account for the greatly increased fracture toughness of biological materials compared to synthetic materials without such structural features, by providing a molecular-scale mechanism for energy dissipation. One example is in the polymeric glue connection between collagen fibrils in animal bone. In this paper, we propose a simple kinetic model that describes the breakage of sacrificial bonds and the release of hidden length, based on Bell's theory. We postulate a master equation governing the rates of bond breakage and formation. This enables us to predict the mechanical behavior of a quasi-one-dimensional ensemble of polymers at different stretching rates. We find that both the rupture peak heights and maximum stretching distance increase with the stretching rate. In addition, our theory naturally permits the possibility of self-healing in such biological structures.

  15. Sacrificial bonds and hidden length in biomaterials -- a kinetic, constitutive description of strength and toughness in bone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles K. C. Lieou; Ahmed E. Elbanna; Jean M. Carlson

    2013-01-25

    Sacrificial bonds and hidden length in structural molecules account for the greatly increased fracture toughness of biological materials compared to synthetic materials without such structural features, by providing a molecular-scale mechanism for energy dissipation. One example is in the polymeric glue connection between collagen fibrils in animal bone. In this paper, we propose a simple kinetic model that describes the breakage of sacrificial bonds and the release of hidden length, based on Bell's theory. We postulate a master equation governing the rates of bond breakage and formation. This enables us to predict the mechanical behavior of a quasi-one-dimensional ensemble of polymers at different stretching rates. We find that both the rupture peak heights and maximum stretching distance increase with the stretching rate. In addition, our theory naturally permits the possibility of self-healing in such biological structures.

  16. Original article PROFESS: a PROtein Function, Evolution,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Original article PROFESS: a PROtein Function, Evolution, Structure and Sequence database Thomas introduce the PROFESS (PROtein Function, Evolution, Structure and Sequence) database. Our database the creation of the database. The utility of PROFESS is demonstrated by the analysis of the structural drift

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Hexahedral mesh generation constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Hexahedral mesh generation constraints Jason F. Shepherd Æ Chris R. Johnson element counts, and improved reliability. However, hexahedral finite element mesh generation continues to be difficult to perform and automate, with hexahedral mesh generation taking several orders of magnitude longer

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nonlinear dielectric optomechanical metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nonlinear dielectric optomechanical metamaterials Jianfa Zhang1 , Kevin F MacDonald1 and Nikolay I Zheludev1,2 We introduce a dielectric photonic metamaterial presenting a giant Keywords: Metamaterial; optical bistability; optomechanical INTRODUCTION Optical forces are extremely

  19. ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Modification of Multiple Sclerosis Phenotypes by African Ancestry at HLA. Oksenberg, PhD Background: In those with multiple sclerosis (MS), Afri- can American individuals have a more ancestry at HLA correlated with dis- ability as measured by the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (P .001

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Carbon and nitrogen fixation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capone, Douglas G.

    capable of fixing both dinitrogen (N2) and carbon dioxide (CO2), deriving energy from oxygenicORIGINAL ARTICLE Carbon and nitrogen fixation and metabolite exchange in and between individual and was evenly allocated among vegetative cells, with the exception of the most remote vegetative cells between

  1. Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, King

    Original article Neisseria Base: a comparative genomics database for Neisseria meningitidis Lee S, septicemia and in some cases pneumonia. Genomic studies hold great promise for N. meningitidis research genomics database and genome browser that houses and displays publicly available N. meningitidis genomes

  2. Original article Blue-stain fungi associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Blue-stain fungi associated with Tomicus piniperda in Sweden and preliminary to determine the development of blue-staining of sapwood. Fungi were isolated from samples of inner bark and blue-stained sapwood in connection with galleries of T piniperda. Samples were also taken from beetle

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alternative pathways for phosphonate metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Alternative pathways for phosphonate metabolism in thermophilic cyanobacteria from. are suggestive of niche-specific constraints in the evolution of nutrient assimilation pathways and syntrophic terrestrial environments. The ISME Journal advance online publication, 15 July 2010; doi:10.1038/ismej.2010

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominici, Francesca

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality A Comparison of the Six Cities and AmericanDermott,* and Francesca Dominici* Background: The American Cancer Society study and the Harvard Six Cities study are 2 landmark cohort studies for estimating the chronic effects of fine particulate air pollution (PM2

  5. SALARY REDUCTION AGREEMENT ______ Original Agreement ______ Amended Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    SALARY REDUCTION AGREEMENT ______ Original Agreement ______ Amended Agreement By this agreement that it will not apply to salary subsequently earned by giving at least thirty days written notice of the date(ies), by completing an amended Salary Reduction Agreement. The total of the salary reduction

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Vocal alliances in Chacma baboons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyfarth, Robert

    ORIGINAL PAPER Vocal alliances in Chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus) Roman M. Wittig support systems to maintain their family's rank. Female Old World monkeys, however, form alliances against alliances'. We describe a playback experiment testing the efficacy of vocal alliances in free- ranging

  7. Origin of the Core Francis Nimmo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nimmo, Francis

    system, including the Earth, are composed primarily of iron and silicates. Due to its high density. Simple models of solar system formation suggest that 2 #12;elements with relatively low condensationOrigin of the Core Francis Nimmo Dept. Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz F

  8. Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigation Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  9. Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Original Investigations Vessel Specific Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring: An Automatic System Rahil heart as well as per coronary artery on non-contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomographic images and tested on 157 data sets. Statistical testing included determining Pearson's correlation coefficients

  10. BIODIVERSITY Origin matters: alien consumers inflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricciardi, Anthony

    BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Origin matters: alien consumers inflict greater damage on prey populations, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. E-mail: hughm@uwindsor.ca ABSTRACT Aim Introduced alien regard to whether such species are native or alien. This argument rests on the premise that native

  11. Original Articles The Nested Structure of Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    for the design of systems that assist in symptom assessment and man- agement.The main limitation of the studyOriginal Articles The Nested Structure of Cancer Symptoms Implications for Analyzing Co; 2Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3Electrical Engineering

  12. Nucleomorph genomes: structure, function, origin and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, John

    Nucleomorph genomes: structure, function, origin and evolution John M. Archibald Summary and four genomes--two nuclear genomes, an endosymbiont- derived plastid genome and a mitochondrial genome derived from the host cell. Like mitochondrial and plastid genomes, the genome of the endosymbiont nucleus

  13. BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    BIOENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 03 July 2014 doi: 10-Chun Su1 , Zhiwei Xie2 ,Yi Zhang1 , KytaiTruong Nguyen1 * and JianYang2 * 1 Department of Bioengineering of Bioengineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, 76019 TX, USA e-mail: knguyen@uta.edu; Jian Yang

  14. Systems biology of Microbial Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Navid, A; Ghim, C; Fenley, A; Yoon, S; Lee, S; Almaas, E

    2008-04-11

    Microbes exist naturally in a wide range of environments, spanning the extremes of high acidity and high temperature to soil and the ocean, in communities where their interactions are significant. We present a practical discussion of three different approaches for modeling microbial communities: rate equations, individual-based modeling, and population dynamics. We illustrate the approaches with detailed examples. Each approach is best fit to different levels of system representation, and they have different needs for detailed biological input. Thus, this set of approaches is able to address the operation and function of microbial communities on a wide range of organizational levels.

  15. Semiconductor Nanocrystals for Biological Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Aihua; Gu, Weiwei; Larabell, Carolyn; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2005-06-28

    Conventional organic fluorophores suffer from poor photo stability, narrow absorption spectra and broad emission feature. Semiconductor nanocrystals, on the other hand, are highly photo-stable with broad absorption spectra and narrow size-tunable emission spectra. Recent advances in the synthesis of these materials have resulted in bright, sensitive, extremely photo-stable and biocompatible semiconductor fluorophores. Commercial availability facilitates their application in a variety of unprecedented biological experiments, including multiplexed cellular imaging, long-term in vitro and in vivo labeling, deep tissue structure mapping and single particle investigation of dynamic cellular processes. Semiconductor nanocrystals are one of the first examples of nanotechnology enabling a new class of biomedical applications.

  16. Biological Safety | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUSEnergy||slideshow explains theVersatileBiological

  17. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinter-Wollman, Noa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 33-40 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights between animal behavior and conservation biology. Habitat conservation and restoration efforts

  18. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuker, David

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. and Shuker D.M. (2010) Nasonia Wasp Behavior Genetics. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia density of the host species they parasitize and may act as biological control agents. Also known as `jewel

  19. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Michael J.

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 453-461 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights systems in biology usually refer to species or groups of species ideally suited to address certain

  20. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gido, Keith B.

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters published by Elsevier and Hargrave C W. (2009) Fish, Productivity. In: Gene E. Likens, (Editor) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. volume in this emerging field in the 1960s, in association with the International Biological Program, which focused

  1. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, J. Emmett

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.E. (2010) Crustacean Social Evolution. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. A Primer in Crustacean Biology Recent research in molecular systematics shows that the Crustacea

  2. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angeloni, Lisa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 1, pp. 377-381 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010, the disciplines of animal behavior and conser- vation biology are well-established, thriving fields of sci

  3. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinter-Wollman, Noa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 308-314 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights bridges the fields of animal behavior, population ecology, and conservation biology. For example, animal

  4. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safran, Rebecca

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. (2010) Barn Swallows: Sexual and Social Behavior. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of physiology and reproductive biology. Much of the detail of this research is covered in one of two academic

  5. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crews, David

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. (2010) Neural Control of Sexual Behavior. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal the sexes, there definitely is a shift in direction. In both psychology and biology, it is commonplace

  6. In Vitro Drug Sensitivity-Gene Expression Correlations Involve a Tissue of Origin C. R. Andersson, M. Fryknas, L. Rickardson, R. Larsson, A. Isaksson, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Vitro Drug Sensitivity-Gene Expression Correlations Involve a Tissue of Origin Dependency C. R concern of chemogenomics is to associate drug activity with biological variables. Several reports have clustered cell line drug activity profiles as well as drug activity-gene expression correlation profiles

  7. Rapid classification of biological components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Vicki S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Barrett, Karen B. (Meridian, ID); Key, Diane E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2010-03-23

    A method is disclosed for analyzing a biological sample by antibody profiling for identifying forensic samples or for detecting the presence of an analyte. In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, the analyte is a drug, such as marijuana, Cocaine (crystalline tropane alkaloid), methamphetamine, methyltestosterone, or mesterolone. The method involves attaching antigens of the surface of a solid support in a preselected pattern to form an array wherein the locations of the antigens are known; contacting the array with the biological sample such that a portion of antibodies in the sample reacts with and binds to antigens in the array, thereby forming immune complexes; washing away antibodies that do not form immune complexes; and detecting the immune complexes, thereby forming an antibody profile. Forensic samples are identified by comparing a sample from an unknown source with a sample from a known source. Further, an assay, such as a test for illegal drug use, can be coupled to a test for identity such that the results of the assay can be positively correlated to a subject's identity.

  8. Rapid classification of biological components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Vicki S.; Barrett, Karen B.; Key, Diane E.

    2006-01-24

    A method is disclosed for analyzing a biological sample by antibody profiling for identifying forensic samples or for detecting the presence of an analyte. In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, the analyte is a drug, such as marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, methyltestosterone, or mesterolone. The method involves attaching antigens to the surface of a solid support in a preselected pattern to form an array wherein the locations of the antigens are known; contacting the array with the biological sample such that a portion of antibodies in the sample reacts with and binds to antigens in the array, thereby forming immune complexes; washing away antibodies that do form immune complexes; and detecting the immune complexes, thereby forming an antibody profile. Forensic samples are identified by comparing a sample from an unknown source with a sample from a known source. Further, an assay, such as a test for illegal drug use, can be coupled to a test for identity such that the results of the assay can be positively correlated to the subject's identity.

  9. Rapid classification of biological components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Vicki S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Barrett, Karen B. (Meridian, ID); Key, Diane E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2010-03-23

    A method is disclosed for analyzing a biological sample by antibody profiling for identifying forensic samples or for detecting the presence of an analyte. In an illustrative embodiment of the invention, the analyte is a drug, such as marijuana, cocaine (crystalline tropane alkaloid), methamphetamine, methyltestosterone, or mesterolone. The method involves attaching antigens to a surface of a solid support in a preselected pattern to form an array wherein the locations of the antigens are known; contacting the array with the biological sample such that a portion of antibodies in the sample reacts with and binds to antigens in the array, thereby forming immune complexes; washing away antibodies that do not form immune complexes; and detecting the immune complexes, thereby forming an antibody profile. Forensic samples are identified by comparing a sample from an unknown source with a sample from a known source. Further, an assay, such as a test for illegal drug use, can be coupled to a test for identity such that the results of the assay can be positively correlated to a subject's identity.

  10. Method for photo-altering a biological system to improve biological effect

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hill, Richard A. (Irvine, CA); Doiron, Daniel R. (Santa Ynez, CA); Crean, David H. (Santa Barbara, CA)

    2000-08-01

    Photodynamic therapy is a new adjunctive therapy for filtration surgery that does not use chemotherapy agents or radiation, but uses pharmacologically-active sensitizing compounds to produce a titratable, localized, transient, post operative avascular conjunctiva. A photosensitizing agent in a biological system is selectively activated by delivering the photosensitive agent to the biological system and laser activating only a spatially selected portion of the delivered photosensitive agent. The activated portion of the photosensitive agent reacts with the biological system to obtain a predetermined biological effect. As a result, an improved spatial disposition and effectuation of the biological effect by the photosensitive agent in the biological system is achieved.

  11. Chemical imaging of biological materials by NanoSIMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, P K; Smith, J B; Hutcheon, I D; Shmakov, A; Rybitskaya, I; Curran, H

    2004-08-23

    The NanoSIMS 50 represents the state -of-the-art for in situ microanalysis for secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), combining unprecedented spatial resolution (as good as 50 nm) with ultra-high sensitivity (MDL of 200 atoms). The NanoSIMS incorporates an array of detectors, enabling simultaneous collection of 5 elements or isotopes originating from the same sputtered volume of a sample. The primary ion beam (Cs{sup +} or O{sup -}) can be scanned across the sample to produce quantitative secondary ion images. This capability for multiple isotope imaging with high spatial resolution is unique to the NanoSIMS and provides a novel new approach to the study of the distribution of elements in biological materials. We have applied this technique extensively to mammalian cells and bacterial spores. Results from these studies and critical analytical issues such as sample preparation, instrument tuning, and data processing will be discussed.

  12. Electrostatic thin film chemical and biological sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Prelas, Mark A. (Columbia, MO); Ghosh, Tushar K. (Columbia, MO); Tompson, Jr., Robert V. (Columbia, MO); Viswanath, Dabir (Columbia, MO); Loyalka, Sudarshan K. (Columbia, MO)

    2010-01-19

    A chemical and biological agent sensor includes an electrostatic thin film supported by a substrate. The film includes an electrostatic charged surface to attract predetermined biological and chemical agents of interest. A charge collector associated with said electrostatic thin film collects charge associated with surface defects in the electrostatic film induced by the predetermined biological and chemical agents of interest. A preferred sensing system includes a charge based deep level transient spectroscopy system to read out charges from the film and match responses to data sets regarding the agents of interest. A method for sensing biological and chemical agents includes providing a thin sensing film having a predetermined electrostatic charge. The film is exposed to an environment suspected of containing the biological and chemical agents. Quantum surface effects on the film are measured. Biological and/or chemical agents can be detected, identified and quantified based on the measured quantum surface effects.

  13. On Biology as an Emergent Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Pierre Noyes

    2007-05-31

    Biology is considered here as an "emergent science" in the sense of Anderson and of Laughlin and Pines. It is demonstrated that a straightforward mathematical definition of "biological system" is useful in showing how biology differs in structure from the lower levels in Anderson's "More is Different" hierarchy. Using cells in a chemostat as a paradigmatic exemplar of a biological system, it is found that a coherent collection of metabolic pathways through a single cell in the chemostat also satisfies the proposed definition of a biological system. This provides a theoretical and mathematical underpinning for Young's fundamental model of biological organization and integration. Evidence for the therapeutic efficacy of Young's method of analysis is provided by preliminary results of clinical trials of a specific application of Young's model to the treatment of cancer cachexia.

  14. The Origin of Life from Primordial Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Carl H; Wickramasinghe, N C

    2010-01-01

    The origin of life and the origin of the universe represent two of the most important problems of science. Both are resolved by hydro-gravitational dynamics (HGD) cosmology (Gibson 1996, Schild 1996, Gibson 2009ab), which predicts frozen primordial hydrogen-helium gas planets in clumps as the dark matter of galaxies. Merging Earth-mass planets formed stars, moons and comets to incubate and cosmically seed the first life. Cometary panspermia (Hoyle and Wickramasinghe 1981, 1982; Wickramasinghe et al. 2009) occurs naturally by HGD mechanisms. Comets and moons are fragments from mergers of stardust covered frozen gas planets in their step-wise growth to star mass. Supernovae from stellar over-accretion of planets produce stardust (C, N, O, P etc.) chemical fertilizer. Planets collect this infected radioactive dust gravitationally, to provide liquid water domains in contact with life nutrients seeded with life prototypes. The first mutating, evolving, life from HGD likely occurred promptly, following the plasma t...

  15. Thermodynamic Origin of the Cardassian Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao-Jun Feng; Xin-Zhou Li; Xian-Yong Shen

    2011-01-31

    In the Cadassian universe, one can explain the acceleration of the universe without introducing dark energy component. However, the dynamical equations of this model can not be directly obtained from the action principle. Recently, works on the relation between thermodynamics and gravity indicates that gravity force may not be the fundamental force. In this paper, we study the thermodynamics of the Cardassian universe, and regard it as the origin of this cosmological model. We find that the corresponding entropy obeys ordinary area law when the area of the trapping horizon is small, while it becomes a constant when area is going to be large in the original and modified polytropic Cardassian model, and it has a maximum value in the exponential one. It seems that the Cardassian universe only contains finite information according to the holographic principle, which states that all the information in the bulk should be encoded in the boundary of the bulk.

  16. Engineering Inspired from biological systems, nanotechnology (and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chemical Engineering Inspired from biological systems, nanotechnology (and more recently at Northeastern University in Boston. His research explores the use of nanotechnology in numerous applications

  17. 2013 Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop Summary Report ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    November 2013 summary report for the 2013 Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop. bioh2workshopfinalreport.pdf More Documents & Publications The Hydrogen Program at NREL: A...

  18. Carbonic Acid Shows Promise in Geology, Biology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Surprising Secrets of Carbonic Acid Probing the Surprising Secrets of Carbonic Acid Berkeley Lab Study Holds Implications for Geological and Biological Processes October 23,...

  19. School of Biological Sciences Student Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trudgett, Alan

    School of Biological Sciences Student Handbook 2014­2015 #12;Student Handbook 2014-2015 1 WELCOME............................................................................................41 #12;Student Handbook 2014-2015 2 Queen's University Library

  20. Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofacre, Andrew; Fan, Hung

    2010-01-01

    J.C. Transformation and oncogenesis by jaagsiekte sheepRetrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis Andrew Hofacre and Hunginduced transformation or oncogenesis has been studied in a

  1. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torquato, Salvatore

    Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering Undergraduate Handbook Academic Year 2014, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, adhesives, biopolymers, artificial kidneys, oil refineries, solar panels

  2. Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Developing Biological Specifications for Fish Friendly Turbines The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Hydropower Turbine Sys- tem (AHTS) Program supports the research and...

  3. Origin and Evolution of the Chukchi Borderland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrigoni, Veronica

    2010-01-14

    , near Taimyr and Verkhoyansk, east of the Polar Urals of Russia. The striking differences between Triassic sedimentation in Arctic Alaska and Chukotka, supports the idea that these two areas experienced completely distinct rifting events. Miller et al... from an area close to the Barents Shelf as a result of extensive continental rifting. This model, which does not preclude a rotational opening for the southern Canada Basin, instead invokes an origin of the Chukotka region closer to Russia...

  4. Lithium-Beryllium-Boron : Origin and Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam; Michel Casse; Jean Audouze

    1999-07-13

    The origin and evolution of Lithium-Beryllium-Boron is a crossing point between different astrophysical fields : optical and gamma spectroscopy, non thermal nucleosynthesis, Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis and finally galactic evolution. We describe the production and the evolution of Lithium-Beryllium-Boron from Big Bang up to now through the interaction of the Standard Galactic Cosmic Rays with the interstellar medium, supernova neutrino spallation and a low energy component related to supernova explosions in galactic superbubbles.

  5. Continuum Electrostatics in Cell Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. John Gagliardi

    2010-02-06

    Recent experiments revealing possible nanoscale electrostatic interactions in force generation at kinetochores for chromosome motions have prompted speculation regarding possible models for interactions between positively charged molecules in kinetochores and negative charge on C-termini near the plus ends of microtubules. A clear picture of how kinetochores establish and maintain a dynamic coupling to microtubules for force generation during the complex motions of mitosis remains elusive. The current paradigm of molecular cell biology requires that specific molecules, or molecular geometries, for force generation be identified. However, it is possible to account for mitotic motions within a classical electrostatics approach in terms of experimentally known cellular electric charge interacting over nanometer distances. These charges are modeled as bound surface and volume continuum charge distributions. Electrostatic consequences of intracellular pH changes during mitosis may provide a master clock for the events of mitosis.

  6. Nonlinear Elasticity in Biological Gels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelis Storm; Jennifer J. Pastore; Fred C. MacKintosh; Tom C. Lubensky; Paul A. Janmey

    2004-06-01

    Unlike most synthetic materials, biological materials often stiffen as they are deformed. This nonlinear elastic response, critical for the physiological function of some tissues, has been documented since at least the 19th century, but the molecular structure and the design principles responsible for it are unknown. Current models for this response require geometrically complex ordered structures unique to each material. In this Article we show that a much simpler molecular theory accounts for strain stiffening in a wide range of molecularly distinct biopolymer gels formed from purified cytoskeletal and extracellular proteins. This theory shows that systems of semi-flexible chains such as filamentous proteins arranged in an open crosslinked meshwork invariably stiffen at low strains without the need for a specific architecture or multiple elements with different intrinsic stiffnesses.

  7. Research Positions in Big Data Computational Biology Department of Computational and Systems Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benos, Takis

    Research Positions in Big Data Computational Biology Department of Computational and clinical data related to melanoma and chronic lung diseases. The ideal, and will have research experience in computational biology. 2. One Data Scientist

  8. A bioinformatics/computational biology postdoctoral research position available to analyze biological networks in plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jiaheng

    and development of plants and algae. The Department of Plant Biology is co-located with the Carnegie Department biological networks in plants A bioinformatics postdoctoral position is available immediately in the laboratory of Dr. Sue Rhee at the Carnegie Institution, Department of Plant Biology (Stanford, CA

  9. UB DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING BS in Chemical and Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    UB DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING BS in Chemical and Biological EngineeringD (all in Chemical Engineering) · Average ChE starting salary: $66,000 (BS) · A five-year BS in Chemical by teaching assistants: 0 What Do Chemical and Biological Engineers Do? CBE graduates apply chemistry to make

  10. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 97 (2008) 115157 Scale relativity theory and integrative systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottale, Laurent

    2008-01-01

    Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 97 (2008) 115­157 Review Scale relativity theory and integrative systems biology: 2 Macroscopic quantum-type mechanics Laurent Nottalea,b , Charles Auffrayb Meudon, France b Functional Genomics and Systems Biology for Health, UMR 7091-LGN, CNRS/Pierre & Marie

  11. Invited Review The biology of kinetoplastid parasites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnaufer, Achim

    . Their cell shapes change during a set of complex cell type differentiations in their life cycles and vector. The basics of this rich and complex cell and life cycle biology were described (with often rather developments in our understanding of this biology. Ultrastructural differences in the various cells of the life

  12. The Electronics Biological Matter Interface. Introduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, George

    , real­time monitoring of biological processes. Second, local electric fields generated by the devices. Electrophoresis, one of the fundamental tools of biotechnology, also relies on electric charges. Charge and biological matter is a subject of significant current interest. The fundamental science of this area

  13. Ninth International Workshop on Plant Membrane Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-31

    This report is a compilation of abstracts from papers which were discussed at a workshop on plant membrane biology. Topics include: plasma membrane ATP-ases; plant-environment interactions, membrane receptors; signal transduction; ion channel physiology; biophysics and molecular biology; vaculor H+ pumps; sugar carriers; membrane transport; and cellular structure and function.

  14. Genome Biology 2005, 6:312 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchinteractionsinformationrefereedresearch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellis, Manolis

    Genome Biology 2005, 6-mail: bbernst@fas.harvard.edu. Manolis Kellis. E-mail: manoli@mit.edu Published: 1 March 2005 Genome Biology- tium, which aims to identify a comprehensive `Encyclopedia of DNA elements' in the human genome [http

  15. Book Review Geothermal Biology and Geochemis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Book Review Geothermal Biology and Geochemis- try in Yellowstone National Park. (eds WP Inskeep of life. The legacy of chemical and biologi- cal research in geothermal regimes, while short in duration geothermal areas, including Yellowstone, are largely confined to the specialty literature of geochemical

  16. Biological Hydrogen Production Measured in Batch Anaerobic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biological Hydrogen Production Measured in Batch Anaerobic Respirometers B R U C E E . L O G A N The biological production of hydrogen from the fermentation of different substrates was examined in batch tests product for a sugar (4). The accumulation of hydrogen and other degradation byproducts during fermen

  17. Genome Biology 2004, 5:R43 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchrefereedresearchinteractionsinformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetenschappen, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, 3001 Heverlee (Leuven), Belgium. Current literature indices of selected public biological resources in a flexible text-mining system designed towards of selected public biological resources in a flexible text-mining system designed towards the analysis

  18. Genome Biology 2006, 7:320 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchinteractionsinformationrefereedresearch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    Genome Biology 2006, 7:320 commentreviewsreportsdepositedresearchinteractionsinformationrefereedresearch Meeting report Mobile DNA: genomes under the influence Cédric Feschotte and Ellen J Pritham Feschotte. Email: cedric@uta.edu Published: 30 June 2006 Genome Biology 2006, 7:320 (doi:10.1186/gb-2006

  19. THE EMERGENCE OF MEANING IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EMERGENCE OF MEANING IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THESIS SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE OF "DOCTOR OF MEANING IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THESIS SUBMITTED FOR THE DEGREE OF "DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY" BY URI HERSHBERG and what its functions are. Likewise we study the immune system as an example of cognitive perception

  20. MS.BIOLOGY.THESIS ACADEMIC LEARNING PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    , application and preservation of knowledge. Within this framework, the primary mission of the Department and animals Adherence to appropriate ethical practices in the thesis research E. Project Management Design.MS.BIOLOGY.THESIS EMBEDDED ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT FOR DOMAIN(S): INTEGRITY/VALUES, PROJECT MANAGEMENT Program: M.S. Biology

  1. Constitutive response of two plastic-bonded explosive binder materials as a function of temperature and strain-rate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cady, C. M.; Blumenthal, W. R.; Gray, G. T. , III; Idar, D. J.

    2004-01-01

    Recently, interest has been shown concerning the mechanical response of plastic-bonded explosives (PBX) and propellants to enable the development of predictive materials models describing the mechanical behavior of these composites. Accordingly, detailed information about the constitutive response is crucial. Compression measurements were conducted on two explosive formulation binders, extruded Estane{trademark} 5703 (hereafter referred to as Estane) and plasticized Estane as a function of temperature from -60 C to +23 C using a specially-designed split Hopkinson pressure bar (strain rate of {approx} 2800 s{sup -1}) and quasi-stattically (strain rates from {approx} 0.001 to 1 s{sup -1}) using a hydraulic load frame. The mechanical response of the Estane was found to exhibit a stronger dependency on strain rate and temperature and higher flow strength for similar test conditions of the materials tested. Plasticized Estane was less sensitively dependent on strain rate and temperature. The visco-elastic recovery of both binders is seen to dominate the mechanical behavior at temperatures above the glass transition temperature (T{sub g}). The binders exhibited increasing elastic loading moduli, E, with increasing strain rate or decreasing temperature, which is similar to other polymeric materials. There is a pronounced shift in the apparent T{sub g} to higher temperatures as the strain rate is increased. At low strain rates the binders exhibit a yield behavior followed by a drop in the flow stress which may or may not recover. At high strain rates the load drop does not occur and the flow stresses level out. A discussion of the Hopkinson bar technique as applied to polymeric or low impedance materials is described in detail.

  2. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap Print

  3. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

  4. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate PseudogapNature

  5. Nature and Origin of the Cuprate Pseudogap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin of the Cuprate

  6. Direct tensor expression by Eulerian approach for constitutive relations based on strain invariants in transversely isotropic green elasticity - finite extension and torsion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Min Jae

    2009-05-15

    It has been proven by J.C.Criscione that constitutive relations(mixed approach) based on a set of five strain invariants (Beta-1, Beta-2, Beta-3, Beta-4, Beta-5) are useful and stable for experimentally determining response ...

  7. Origin and evolution of the light nuclides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikos Prantzos

    2007-02-02

    After a short historical (and highly subjective) introduction to the field, I discuss our current understanding of the origin and evolution of the light nuclides D, He-3, He-4, Li-6, Li-7, Be-9, B-10 and B-11. Despite considerable observational and theoretical progress, important uncertainties still persist for each and every one of those nuclides. The present-day abundance of D in the local interstellar medium is currently uncertain, making it difficult to infer the recent chemical evolution of the solar neighborhood. To account for the observed quasi-constancy of He-3 abundance from the Big Bang to our days, the stellar production of that nuclide must be negligible; however, the scarce observations of its abundance in planetary nebulae seem to contradict this idea. The observed Be and B evolution as primaries suggests that the source composition of cosmic rays has remained quasi-constant since the early days of the Galaxy, a suggestion with far reaching implications for the origin of cosmic rays; however, the main idea proposed to account for that constancy, namely that superbubbles are at the source of cosmic rays, encounters some serious difficulties. The best explanation for the mismatch between primordial Li and the observed "Spite-plateau" in halo stars appears to be depletion of Li in stellar envelopes, by some yet poorly understood mechanism. But this explanation impacts on the level of the recently discovered early ``Li-6 plateau'', which (if confirmed), seriously challenges current ideas of cosmic ray nucleosynthesis.

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, Jeffrey M.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE doi:10.1111/evo.12500 Parent-of-origin growth effects and the evolution of hybrid. Considerable progress has been made on understanding the evo- lution of genetic interactions that lead

  9. Home Biology Medicine Technology Products News Definition Dictionary Movies Links Whole Site Goog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Home Biology Medicine Technology Products News Definition Dictionary Movies Links Search RSS Whole Site Goog Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary

  10. Method of measurement in biological systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turteltaub, Kenneth W. (Livermore, CA); Vogel, John S. (Union City, CA); Felton, James S. (Danville, CA); Gledhill, Barton L. (Alamo, CA); Davis, Jay C. (Livermore, CA); Stanker, Larry H. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-05-11

    Disclosed is a method of quantifying molecules in biological substances, comprising: a. selecting a biological host in which radioisotopes are present in concentrations equal to or less than those in the ambient biosphere, b. preparing a long-lived radioisotope labeled reactive chemical specie, c. administering said chemical specie to said biological host in doses sufficiently low to avoid significant overt damage to the biological system thereof, d. allowing a period of time to elapse sufficient for dissemination and interaction of said chemical specie with said host throughout said biological system of said host, e. isolating a reacted fraction of the biological substance from said host in a manner sufficient to avoid contamination of said substance from extraneous sources, f. converting said fraction of biological substance by suitable means to a material which efficiently produces charged ions in at least one of several possible ion sources without introduction of significant isotopic fractionation, and, g. measuring the radioisotope concentration in said material by means of direct isotopic counting.

  11. Method of measurement in biological systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turteltaub, Kenneth W. (Livermore, CA); Vogel, John S. (Union City, CA); Felton, James S. (Danville, CA); Gledhill, Barton L. (Alamo, CA); Davis, Jay C. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01

    Disclosed is a method of quantifying molecules in biological substances comprising: a. selecting a biological host in which radioisotopes are present in concentrations equal to or less than those in the ambient biosphere, b. preparing a long-lived radioisotope labeled reactive chemical specie, c. administering said chemical specie to said biological host in doses sufficiently low to avoid significant overt damage to the biological system thereof, d. allowing a period of time to elapse sufficient for dissemination and interaction of said chemical specie with said host throughout said biological system of said host, e. isolating a reacted fraction of the biological substance from said host in a manner sufficient to avoid contamination of said substance from extraneous sources, f. converting said fraction of biological substance by suitable means to a material which efficiently produces charged ions in at least one of several possible ion sources without introduction of significant isotopic fractionation, and, g. measuring the radioisotope concentration in said material by means of direct isotopic counting.

  12. Method of measurement in biological systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Turteltaub, K.W.; Vogel, J.S.; Felton, J.S.; Gledhill, B.L.; Davis, J.C.

    1994-12-27

    Disclosed is a method of quantifying molecules in biological substances comprising: a. selecting a biological host in which radioisotopes are present in concentrations equal to or less than those in the ambient biosphere, b. preparing a long-lived radioisotope labeled reactive chemical specie, c. administering the chemical specie to the biological host in doses sufficiently low to avoid significant overt damage to the biological system, d. allowing a period of time to elapse sufficient for dissemination and interaction of the chemical specie with the host throughout the biological system of the host, e. isolating a reacted fraction of the biological substance from the host in a manner sufficient to avoid contamination of the substance from extraneous sources, f. converting the fraction of biological substance by suitable means to a material which efficiently produces charged ions in at least one of several possible ion sources without introduction of significant isotopic fractionation, and, g. measuring the radioisotope concentration in the material by means of direct isotopic counting. 5 figures.

  13. Chromatin regulates origin activity in Drosophila follicle cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvi, Brian R.

    origins are hyper- acetylated, coincident with binding of the origin recognition complex (ORC). Mutation and a redistribution of the origin-binding protein ORC2 in amplification-stage cells, independent of effects to ORC in vitro and in vivo10 (Fig. 1a). These sequences can direct amplification when inserted

  14. A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN BY R. R. RUCKER, W. J. WHIPPLE, J. R A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN By R. R. Rucker, W. J. Whipple, J. R. Parvin and C. A #12;A CONTAGIOUS DISEASE OF SALMON, POSSIBLY OF VIRUS ORIGIN By R. R. Rucker,! Fishery Research

  15. Honors B.S. in Biology (Aug 2014) Overview: The H.B.S in Biology is a collaboration between the Honors College and the Biology Department to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    1 Honors B.S. in Biology (Aug 2014) Overview: The H.B.S in Biology is a collaboration between the Honors College and the Biology Department to reward students undertaking and completing a more rigorous, research-oriented curriculum while pursuing their Honors Bachelor's Degree in Biology at the University

  16. What rough beast? Synthetic Biology and the Future of Biosecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, Scott C.

    Synthetic biology seeks to create modular biological parts that can be assembled into useful devices, allowing the modification of biological systems with greater reliability, at lower cost, with greater speed, and by a ...

  17. Biology and Biodiversity of the Marine Leeches of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    1978. Morphology and biology of Mysidobdella borealis (Wasmann Journal of Biology 13: 297–311. S ELENSKY , W. D.C. M EYER . 1976. Taxonomy and biology of some Newfoundland

  18. BIOLOGY & MEDICINE DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1978-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    on research needs in actinide biology (CONF-770491, Seattle,J. Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 3: Lindgren, Frank T.Radiation Oncology Biology, Physics 3: 81-85 Magee, J.L and

  19. Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Department of Environmental and Biomolecular Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Department of Environmental and Biomolecular Systems Program Requirement Checklists Fall 2007 ­ Summer 2008 Master of Science ­ Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.............................................................2 Doctor of Philosophy ­ Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

  20. Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellhausen, Rachel

    What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

  1. Crafting life : a sensory ethnography of fabricated biologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roosth, Hannah Sophia

    2010-01-01

    This ethnography tracks a diverse set of practices I term "constructive biologies," by which I mean efforts in the post-genomic life sciences to understand how biology works by making new biological things. I examine five ...

  2. Micro/nanofabricated environments for synthetic biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collier, Pat [ORNL; Simpson, Michael L [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    A better understanding of how confinement, crowding and reduced dimensionality modulate reactivity and reaction dynamics will aid in the rational and systematic discovery of functionality in complex biological systems. Artificial micro- and nanofabricated structures have helped elucidate the effects of nanoscale spatial confinement and segregation on biological behavior, particularly when integrated with microfluidics, through precise control in both space and time of diffusible signals and binding interactions. Examples of nanostructured interfaces for synthetic biology include the development of cell-like compartments for encapsulating biochemical reactions, nanostructured environments for fundamental studies of diffusion, molecular transport and biochemical reaction kinetics, and regulation of biomolecular interactions as functions of micro- and nanofabricated topological constraints.

  3. Emission Origin for the Wave of Quanta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjay M Wagh

    2009-07-07

    We argue that certain assumptions about the process of the emission of the quanta by their (oscillating) emitter provide for their changing (oscillatory) flux at any location. This mechanism underlying (such) wave phenomena is not based, both, on the newtonian notion of force and the field concept (of Faraday, Maxwell, Lorentz and Einstein). When applied to the case of thermal radiation, this emission origin for the wave of quanta is shown here to be consistent with the laws of the black body radiation. We conclude therefore also that a conceptual framework, which is not rooted in the notion of force and in the field concept, may provide a deterministic basis underlying the probabilistic methods of the quantum theory.

  4. From Tucson to Genomics and Transgenics: The Vector Biology Network and the Emergence of Modern Vector Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    mosquitoes. A PL meeting at the Biology of Disease Vectors (as a tool in vector biology. Transformation of the vector ofelement. Insect Molecular Biology 10: 597–604. 11. Balter

  5. Flow cytometry aids basic cell biology research and drug discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Flow cytometry aids basic cell biology research and drug discovery Flow cytometry aids basic cell biology research and drug discovery Life Technologies Corporation and LANL have...

  6. Detter, John C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory] Basic Biological

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    State of the Art for Autonomous Detection Systems using Genomic Sequencing Detter, John C. Los Alamos National Laboratory Basic Biological Sciences(59) Biological Science...

  7. Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel production Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for...

  8. THE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INSTITUTE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY & BIOCHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grether, Gregory

    THE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INSTITUTE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY & BIOCHEMISTRY Three Nominees in Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Chemistry at UCLA #12;

  9. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    biology Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's...

  10. Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials for Energy Applications Biological and Biomimetic Low-Temperature Routes to Materials for Energy Applications 2012 DOE...

  11. Systems biology analysis of Zymomonas mobilis ZM4 ethanol stress...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Systems biology analysis of Zymomonas mobilis ZM4 ethanol stress responses Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Systems biology analysis of Zymomonas mobilis ZM4 ethanol...

  12. Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Curtis M.

    2008-01-01

    Enhancement of soil carbon sequestration by amendment withBiologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needson Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration, October 29,

  13. Nanotechnology: emerging tools for biology and medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Ian Y.

    Historically, biomedical research has been based on two paradigms. First, measurements of biological behaviors have been based on bulk assays that average over large populations. Second, these behaviors have then been ...

  14. Biological applications of weal polyelectrolyte multilayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    This thesis research focused on biological applications of ultra-thin weak polyelectrolyte multilayers with specific emphasis on cell patterning, drug delivery, and antibacterial coatings. All of these very different ...

  15. Synthetic approaches to understanding biological constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velenich, Andrea

    Microbes can be readily cultured and their genomes can be easily manipulated. For these reasons, laboratory systems of unicellular organisms are increasingly used to develop and test theories about biological constraints, ...

  16. Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

    2009-05-15

    Our ability to analyze the microstructure of biological tissue in three dimensions (3D) has proven invaluable in modeling its functionality, and therefore providing a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of life. ...

  17. Fourth Annual Western Evolutionary Biology Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Fourth Annual Western Evolutionary Biology Meeting University of California Presentation of the fourth annual Western Evolutionary Biologist of the Year (WEBEY) Award. 5:00 PM Fourth Annual WEBEY Address, Maureen Stanton, UC Davis 6:00 PM

  18. VEHICLE OPERATING PROCEDURES DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    VEHICLE OPERATING PROCEDURES DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE GENERAL INFORMATION Vehicles resposniblity and disciplinary action. Vehicles may be used by faculty or staff from other departments complete the vehicle usage agreement form certifying that they have a valid driver's license

  19. THE BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF IONIZING RADIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    sickness · Chronic ­ Low dose over long period of time ­ Cancer, anemia, cataracts #12;Appearance of Biological Effects · Prompt/Acute effect ­ effects seen immediately after large doses of radiation if no treatment is given #12;Dose / Radiation Syndrome Relationship · Dose

  20. History of Human Biology (1929–2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Michael H.

    2010-01-01

    The journal Human Biology was founded 80 years ago by Raymond Pearl, an eminent biologist and professor of biometry and vital statistics at Johns Hopkins University. In celebration of the 80th anniversary of the founding of this journal, I...

  1. Modular languages for systems and synthetic biology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Systems biology is a rapidly growing field which seeks a refined quantitative understanding of organisms, particularly studying how molecular species such as metabolites, proteins and genes interact in cells to form the ...

  2. Genetics and molecular biology of breast cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, M.C. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States); Lippman, M. [Georgetown Univ. Medical Center, Washington, DC (United States)] [comps.

    1992-12-31

    This volume contains the abstracts of oral presentations and poster sessions presented at the Cold Springs Harbor Meeting on Cancer Cells, this meeting entitled Genetics and Molecular Biology of Breast Cancer.

  3. Statistical methods to infer biological interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, George Jay

    2014-01-01

    Biological systems are extremely complex, and our ability to experimentally measure interactions in these systems is limited by inherent noise. Technological advances have allowed us to collect unprecedented amounts of raw ...

  4. Complexity and Systems Biology of Microbial Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, David

    Complexity and Systems Biology of Microbial Biofuels 20-24 June 2011 (All and issues Theme: Biofuel systems and issues (Chair: Nigel Burroughs) 13 (Bielefeld) Biofuels from algae- challenges for industrial levels

  5. Stress and Telomere Biology: A Lifespan Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.03.010. Stress and Telomere Biology:we provided evidence that stress-related telomere erosionvery early in life. Prenatal stress exposure was linked to

  6. Stress and Telomere Biology: A Lifespan Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    to acute psychological stress. Brain Behav. Immun. 24,P.D. , 2010. Prenatal stress and developmental programmingP.D. , 2012a. Prenatal stress, telo- mere biology, and fetal

  7. BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING CIVIL, ARCHITECTURAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING MECHANICAL, MATERIALS, AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING IIT ARMOUR #12;WHY ENGINEERINGAT IIT ARMOUR? Five Departments. One Distinctive Educational

  8. The new biology: beyond the Modern Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R; Oakley, Todd H

    2007-01-01

    highly simplified. Naturally, evo- lutionists, ecologists,genetics to ecology and evo- lutionary biology. We willThis did not show that the evo- lution of sex was never

  9. TCD-IISc Symposium "Chemistry & Chemical Biology"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    actinide chemistry, with a focus on coordination and organometallic uranium chemistry. Paula ColavitaTCD-IISc Symposium "Chemistry & Chemical Biology" Trinity College Clive Williams, Dean of Chemistry. Research areas include supramolecular organic and inorganic chemistry and medicinal chemistry

  10. CSMB | Center for Structural Molecular Biology | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it. The suite of tools being developed by the CSMB includes: Bio-SANS, a Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) facility for biological samples, has been completed at the ORNL...

  11. Exploring genomic medicine using integrative biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butte, Atul J

    2004-01-01

    Instead of focusing on the cell, or the genotype, or on any single measurement modality, using integrative biology allows us to think holistically and horizontally. A disease like diabetes can lead to myocardial infarction, ...

  12. LettersForum512 Can biological invasions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Odorico, Paolo

    LettersForum512 Letters Can biological invasions induce desertification? A common form of land present a new desertification paradigm that includes the invasion of stable desert shrublands by exotic

  13. Biological and Chemical Approaches to Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morimoto, Richard

    , chaperones, heat shock response, protein folding and misfolding, unfolded protein response Abstract Many that proteostasis is influenced both by an adjustable proteostasis network capacity and protein folding energetics INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 960 PROTEIN FOLDING IN VITRO . . . 961 BIOLOGICALLY ASSISTED

  14. Frontiers of NMR in Molecular Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-08-25

    NMR spectroscopy is expanding the horizons of structural biology by determining the structures and describing the dynamics of blobular proteins in aqueous solution, as well as other classes of proteins including membrane proteins and the polypeptides that form the aggregates diagnostic of prion and amyloid diseases. Significant results are also emerging on DNA and RNA oligomers and their complexes with proteins. This meeting focused attention on key structural questions emanating from molecular biology and how NMR spectroscopy can be used to answer them.

  15. Molecular Mechanism of Biological Proton Transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pomes, R.

    1998-09-01

    Proton transport across lipid membranes is a fundamental aspect of biological energy transduction (metabolism). This function is mediated by a Grotthuss mechanism involving proton hopping along hydrogen-bonded networks embedded in membrane-spanning proteins. Using molecular simulations, the authors have explored the structural, dynamic, and thermodynamic properties giving rise to long-range proton translocation in hydrogen-bonded networks involving water molecules, or water wires, which are emerging as ubiquitous H{sup +}-transport devices in biological systems.

  16. Rethinking biology instruction : the application of DNR-based instruction to the learning and teaching of biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maskiewicz, April Lee

    2006-01-01

    Ed. ). (1999). Modern biology. Austin, TX: Holt, RinehartCHAPTER 2: THE DNR INSTRUCTIONAL PRINCIPLES AND BIOLOGYCurrent biology instruction takes a prescriptive approach to

  17. Gravitational and Space Biology 18(2) June 2005 11 WORMS IN SPACE? A MODEL BIOLOGICAL DOSIMETER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baillie, David

    is available about the biological consequences of solar flares. Biological systems are not simply passive about up-coming meetings, abstracts, in- house publications, researchers' contact information

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Comparative genomics of two newly isolated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    ¨ffler and Edwards, 2006). This physiological trait is vital to the bioremediation of many ground water resources: comparative genomics; microarray; Dehalococcoides; systems biology; bioremediation; chlorinated solvents

  19. Biology, Predation Ecology, and Significance of Spiders in Texas Cotton Ecosystems with a Key to the Species. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breene, R.G.; Dean, D.A.; Nyffeler, M.; Edwards, G.B.

    1993-01-01

    &M University System ? College Station, Texas [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] i , ' . :~ ! , . , ~, L I y { 1994 Texas A&M University Biology, Predation Ecology, and Significance of Spiders in Texas Cotton Ecosystems with a Key to the Species R. G... of the pest insects by the ants; the spiders did not significantly affect ant field numbers. Finally, cannibalism among the spiders could also have been + - 0 because the spiders had sufficient prey. Thus the overall system did not benefit greatly through...

  20. ORIGIN OF LITHIUM ENRICHMENT IN K GIANTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Yerra Bharat; Reddy, Bacham E. [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru 560034 (India); Lambert, David L. [McDonald Observatory, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2011-03-20

    In this Letter, we report on a low-resolution spectroscopic survey for Li-rich K giants among 2000 low-mass (M {<=} 3 M{sub sun}) giants spanning the luminosity range from below to above the luminosity of the clump. Fifteen new Li-rich giants including four super Li-rich K giants (log {epsilon}(Li) {>=}3.2) were discovered. A significant finding is that there is a concentration of Li-rich K giants at the luminosity of the clump or red horizontal branch. This new finding is partly a consequence of the fact that our low-resolution survey is the first large survey to include giants well below and above the red giant branch (RGB) bump and clump locations in the H-R diagram. Origin of the lithium enrichment may be plausibly attributed to the conversion of {sup 3}He via {sup 7}Be to {sup 7}Li by the Cameron-Fowler mechanism but the location for the onset of the conversion is uncertain. Two possible opportunities to effect this conversion are discussed: the bump in the first ascent of the RGB and the He-core flash at the tip of the RGB. The finite luminosity spread of the Li-rich giants serves to reject the idea that Li enhancement is, in general, a consequence of a giant swallowing a large planet.

  1. Tectonic origin of Crowley's Ridge, northeastern Arkansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VanArsdale, R.B. (Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States). Geology Dept.); Williams, R.A.; Shedlock, K.M.; King, K.W.; Odum, J.K. (Geological survey, Denver, CO (United States). Denver Federal Center); Schweig, E.S. III; Kanter, L.R. (Memphis State Univ., TN (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Crowley's Ridge is a 320 km long topographic ridge that extends from Thebes, Illinois to Helena, Arkansas. The ridge has been interpreted as an erosional remnant formed during Quaternary incision of the ancestral Mississippi and Ohio rivers; however, the Reelfoot Rift COCORP line identified a down-to-the-west fault bounding the western margin of Crowley's Ridge south of Jonesboro, Arkansas. Subsequent Mini-Sosie seismic reflection profiles confirmed the COCORP data and identified additional faults beneath other margins of the ridge. In each case the faults lie beneath the base of the ridge scarp. The Mini-Sosie data did not resolve the uppermost 150 m and so it was not possible to determine if the faults displace the near-surface Claiborne Group (middle Eocene). A shotgun source seismic reflection survey was subsequently conducted to image the uppermost 250 m across the faulted margins. The shotgun survey across the western margin of the ridge south of Jonesboro reveals displaced reflectors as shallow as 30 m depth. Claiborne Group strata are displaced approximately 6 m and it appears that some of the topographic relief of Crowley's Ridge at this location is due to post middle Eocene fault displacement. Based on the reflection data, the authors suggest that Crowley's Ridge is tectonic in origin.

  2. The Origin of Molecular Cloud Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padoan, Paolo; Haugboelle, Troels; Nordlund, Ake

    2015-01-01

    Turbulence is ubiquitous in molecular clouds (MCs), but its origin is still unclear because MCs are usually assumed to live longer than the turbulence dissipation time. It has been shown that interstellar medium (ISM) turbulence is likely driven by SN explosions, but it has never been demonstrated that SN explosions can establish and maintain a turbulent cascade inside MCs consistent with the observations. In this work, we carry out a simulation of SN-driven turbulence in a volume of (250 pc)^3, specifically designed to test if SN driving alone can be responsible for the observed turbulence inside MCs. We find that SN driving establishes velocity scaling consistent with the usual scaling laws of supersonic turbulence. This also means that previous idealized simulations of MC turbulence, driven with a random, large-scale volume force, were correctly adopted as appropriate models for MC turbulence, despite the artificial driving. We also find the same scaling laws extend to the interior of MCs, and their normal...

  3. Cancer systems biology: a network modeling perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauffenburger, Douglas A.

    Cancer is now appreciated as not only a highly heterogenous pathology with respect to cell type and tissue origin but also as a disease involving dysregulation of multiple pathways governing fundamental cell processes such ...

  4. Sitewide biological risk assessment Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska: Risks to terrestrial receptors from diverse contaminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandt, C.A.; Becker, J.M.

    1995-12-31

    Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) is located southeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. Eielson AFB was listed by the US Environmental Protection Agency on the National Priorities List with a total of 64 potential terrestrial and aquatic source areas. Contaminants of concern include fuel and fuel components, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and lead. As part of the remedial investigations of these sites, a biological risk assessment (BRA) was conducted to estimate the risk of ecological effects on terrestrial receptors posed by contaminants in the Eielson environment. There are 32 mammal species, 117 bird species, 17 fish species, and 1 amphibian species known to inhabit Eielson AFB and vicinity. The BRA screened source areas based on completed biological exposure pathways, selected receptors for analysis, estimated exposure of receptors to contaminants, and compared these exposures to known toxicological effects. Lower Garrison Slough and Flightline Pond posed a substantial risk for shrikes and goshawks. Ingestion of PCBs constituted the primary pathway/contaminant combination contributing to this risk. The effects of the various sources of uncertainty in the ingestion exposure calculations for these sites were evaluated in a probabilistic risk assessment using Monte Carlo methods. There was an 11% risk of reproductive effects from PCBs for goshawks feeding from Flightline Pond and a 25 % risk from lower Garrison Slough. There was an 81 % risk of reproductive effects from PCB exposure for shrikes feeding near lower Garrison Slough.

  5. Computational Challenges in Systems Biology Allison P. Heatha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavraki, Lydia E.

    Computational Challenges in Systems Biology Allison P. Heatha , Lydia E. Kavrakia,b,c a Department computational and experimental approaches to provide a system level understanding of biologi- cal function. Initial forays into computational systems biology have focused on a variety of biological networks

  6. Turkish Journal of http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Turkish Journal of Biology http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/ Guest edited by: Rajendra Mehta, Hikmet Geckil, Devrim Gozuacik Special Issue Aims and Scope: Turkish Journal of Biology, published in Thomson Reuters ISI/SCIE Web of Science, and many others, Turkish Journal of Biology would like

  7. Biology BS, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits Completed InProgress Future General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323 Ecology 4 BIOL 343

  8. UNDERGRADUATE Awards: Spring 2015 UW Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    UNDERGRADUATE Awards: Spring 2015 UW Department of Biology Biology - Friday Harbor Labs Award Award Amount: $1,000 The FHL Award supports Department of Biology undergraduates taking classes or conducting and Marian Kohn, and Prof. Dennis Willows and Dr. Susan Mahoney. Who Is Eligible? o Department of Biology

  9. Biology BS, Microbiology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Microbiology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits 170 4 DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323

  10. Washington University in St. Louis Department of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Washington University in St. Louis Department of Biology Handbook for Majors and Prospective Majors SPRING 2015 Welcome to the biology major. We hope that this handbook will be helpful whether you already have chosen or are considering a major in biology. A major in biology can prepare you for a broad

  11. Systems Biology of Organs on a Chip John Wikswo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    1 Systems Biology of Organs on a Chip John Wikswo Fall, 2013 Undergraduates: PHYS 240 01 and BME 290B -- SpTp: Systems Biology Graduate students: PHYS 326 Theoretical and Experimental Systems Biology BME 395C -- SpTp: Systems Biology Meeting times: 2:35 ­ 3:50 Tuesdays and Thursdays, SC6837

  12. Systems Biology of the JAK-STAT signalling pathway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timmer, Jens

    Systems Biology of the JAK-STAT signalling pathway Jens Timmer Center for Systems Biology Center of Freiburg http://www.fdm.uni-freiburg.de/jeti/ 1 #12;Outline · Systems Biology · JAK-STAT pathway of the Epo receptor · A dynamical model for JAK-STAT pathway · Observing the unobservable · In silico biology

  13. Cell Biology Education Vol. 3, 6974, Summer 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cell Biology Education Vol. 3, 69­74, Summer 2004 Features Approaches to Biology Teaching, and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 Submitted March 30, 2004; Accepted April 7, 2004 BRINGING THE CULTURE OF EVIDENCE TO THE BIOLOGY CLASSROOM As scientists, we

  14. Millersvilie Find this handbook electronically on the Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    BIOLOGY STUDENT HANDBOOK 2014-2015 Millersvilie University Find this handbook electronically on the Biology homepage (www.millersville.edu/biology/) under "Quick Links". #12;Welcome! Welcome this Biology Student Handbook. We hope that you will find this handbook useful throughout your career

  15. Undergraduate Handbook Welcome to the School of Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    1 School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-15 #12;2 Welcome to the School of Biology of Biology. It is designed to be used alongside the `University Student Handbook' which you can access at relating to undergraduate study at St Andrews. Where to go with questions in the School of Biology

  16. Biology BS, Ecology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Ecology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits Completed DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323

  17. Biology BS, Botany Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Botany Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits Completed DLN BIOL 191 General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual Sciences course in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323

  18. BIOSCIENCE COMPUTING AND THE ROLE OF COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATION IN BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clack, Christopher D.

    Chapter 1 BIOSCIENCE COMPUTING AND THE ROLE OF COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATION IN BIOLOGY Christopher D and Biology, drawing inspiration from Biology to solve Computer Sci- ence challenges and simultaneously using new bio-inspired adaptive software to model and simulate biological systems. This Chapter first

  19. Edinburgh Research Explorer A framework for evolutionary systems biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer A framework for evolutionary systems biology Citation for published version: Loewe, L 2009, 'A framework for evolutionary systems biology' BMC Systems Biology, vol 3, 27., 10 Systems Biology Publisher Rights Statement: © 2009 Loewe; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open

  20. Biology BS, Zoology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Biology BS, Zoology Emphasis, 2015-2016 Name ID# Date Course Number and Title Credits Completed In General Biology I 4 DLN CHEM 111, 111L General Chemistry I with Lab 4 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL in a second field 3 BIOL 192 General Biology II 4 BIOL 301 Cell Biology 3 CID BIOL 323 Ecology 4 BIOL 343

  1. Chemistry & Biology Got Sulfate? Luring Axons This Way and That

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh-Wilson, Linda

    Chemistry & Biology Preview Got Sulfate? Luring Axons This Way and That Nancy B. Schwartz,1 Biology 3 Committee on Developmental Biology The University of Chicago, 5825 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 5058 interactions between macromolecules, and their biological contributions are of high interest. In this issue

  2. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition Article;2 Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition Introduction This article describes computer models to relatively low-level biology to cognition. Here, we consider models that try to span the gap between biology

  3. 7.012 Introduction to Biology, Fall 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberg, Robert A. (Robert Allan), 1942-

    Cell biology, immunology, neurobiology, and an exploration into current research in cancer, genomics, and molecular medicine.

  4. Original Article Cell proliferation during the early compartmentalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inner ear QUINCY A. QUICK 1,2 and ELBA E. SERRANO1,3,* 1Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA 2Department of Biology, Grambling State Univer- sity, Louisiana, USA and migration are features of inner ear compartmentalization. KEY WORDS: inner ear, BrdU, otic vesicle, mitosis

  5. Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology,TechnicalUniversityofDenmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ussery, David W.

    Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology,TechnicalUniversityofDenmark Burkholderia Pan-genomics Dave Ussery Max Planck Institut fur Terrestrial Microbiology Marburg, Germany 26 May, 2008 - or - What can we learn from more than 50 sequenced genomes? #12;Comparative Microbial Genomics

  6. Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology,TechnicalUniversityofDenmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ussery, David W.

    Comparative Microbial Genomics group CenterforBiologicalSequenceanalysisDepartmentofSystemsBiology,TechnicalUniversityofDenmark E. coli pangenomics - or - How to compare hundreds of E. coli genomes Fuzzy Dave Ussery Ullevål Universitetssykehus Oslo, Norway Wednesday, 10 December, 2008 #12;Comparative Microbial Genomics group Centerfor

  7. ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihara, Daisuke

    Environmental Issues (3 cr.; fall) BIOL 49300 Intro. to Ethology (3 cr.; fall) FNR 50100 Limnology (3 cr.; fall Analysis (3 cr.; spring) POL 52300 Environmental Politics and Public Policy (3 cr.; fall) BIOL 59700 SexECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later

  8. The Evolutionary Systems Biology Team Synthetic Biology/Citizen Science Post-doctoral position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Evolutionary Systems Biology Team Synthetic Biology/Citizen Science Post-doctoral position We in citizen science projects.The post-doc will join the extended CRI lab that includes synthetic and systems-sourcing, DIY approaches and gamification as part of a new European- funded project, Citizen CyberLab - a three

  9. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, William F.

    origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U Biological &Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State University Introduction Runoff from impervious, perme- able pavements were not assigned stormwater credit by the state of North Carolina due

  10. Nuclear astrophysics: the unfinished quest for the origin of the elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordi Jose; Christian Iliadis

    2011-07-12

    Half a century has passed since the foundation of nuclear astrophysics. Since then, this discipline has reached its maturity. Today, nuclear astrophysics constitutes a multidisciplinary crucible of knowledge that combines the achievements in theoretical astrophysics, observational astronomy, cosmochemistry and nuclear physics. New tools and developments have revolutionized our understanding of the origin of the elements: supercomputers have provided astrophysicists with the required computational capabilities to study the evolution of stars in a multidimensional framework; the emergence of high-energy astrophysics with space-borne observatories has opened new windows to observe the Universe, from a novel panchromatic perspective; cosmochemists have isolated tiny pieces of stardust embedded in primitive meteorites, giving clues on the processes operating in stars as well as on the way matter condenses to form solids; and nuclear physicists have measured reactions near stellar energies, through the combined efforts using stable and radioactive ion beam facilities. This review provides comprehensive insight into the nuclear history of the Universe and related topics: starting from the Big Bang, when the ashes from the primordial explosion were transformed to hydrogen, helium, and few trace elements, to the rich variety of nucleosynthesis mechanisms and sites in the Universe. Particular attention is paid to the hydrostatic processes governing the evolution of low-mass stars, red giants and asymptotic giant-branch stars, as well as to the explosive nucleosynthesis occurring in core-collapse and thermonuclear supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, classical novae, X-ray bursts, superbursts, and stellar mergers.

  11. 6/06/09 BS in Biology, Concentration in Microbiology Bachelor of Science in Biology: Concentration in Microbiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6/06/09 BS in Biology, Concentration in Microbiology Bachelor of Science in Biology: Concentration in Microbiology Department of Biology College of Science and Engineering Undergraduate Programs Microbiology, but also in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and other areas of biology. Within the undergraduate program

  12. The New Biology of Ageing A Revolution in Ageing: The New Biology of Ageing and its Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gems, David

    The New Biology of Ageing 1 A Revolution in Ageing: The New Biology of Ageing and its Implications? Philosophische und biowissenschaftliche Perspektiven"(Longer Life: Biological, Medical and Philosophical Perspectives). Eds: Sebastian Knell, Marcel Weber. Surhkamp Verlag, 2009. Summary Until recently the biology

  13. The Institutional Origins of the Department of Energy | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PDF icon Origins-of-the-Department-of-Energy.pdf More Documents & Publications National Offshore Wind Energy Grid Interconnection Study (NOWEGIS) CX-007131: Categorical Exclusion...

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Potential for anthropogenic disturbances to influence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchings, Jeffrey A.

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Potential for anthropogenic disturbances to influence evolutionary change that resulted from hydropower dam construction, some juveniles now migrate as yearlings, but more interestingly

  15. Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Origins of weak lensing systematics, and requirements on future instrumentation (or knowledge of instrumentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nathan Phillips Abhijit Nagchaudhuri Ram Oren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Ram

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Nathan Phillips Abhijit Nagchaudhuri Ram Oren Gabriel Katul Received: 11 September. Oren Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA Trees (1997

  17. The Intersection of Physics and Biology

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Liphardt, Jan [University of California, Berkeley, California, United States

    2010-09-01

    In April 1953, Watson and Crick largely defined the program of 20th century biology: obtaining the blueprint of life encoded in the DNA. Fifty years later, in 2003, the sequencing of the human genome was completed. Like any major scientific breakthrough, the sequencing of the human genome raised many more questions than it answered. I'll brief you on some of the big open problems in cell and developmental biology, and I'll explain why approaches, tools, and ideas from the physical sciences are currently reshaping biological research. Super-resolution light microscopies are revealing the intricate spatial organization of cells, single-molecule methods show how molecular machines function, and new probes are clarifying the role of mechanical forces in cell and tissue function. At the same time, Physics stands to gain beautiful new problems in soft condensed matter, quantum mechanics, and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

  18. The acquisition of dangerous biological materials :

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aceto, Donato Gonzalo; Astuto-Gribble, Lisa M.; Gaudioso, Jennifer M.

    2007-11-01

    Numerous terrorist organizations have openly expressed interest in producing and deploying biological weapons. However, a limiting factor for many terrorists has been the acquisition of dangerous biological agents, as evidenced by the very few successful instances of biological weapons use compared to the number of documented hoaxes. Biological agents vary greatly in their ability to cause loss of life and economic damage. Some agents, if released properly, can kill many people and cause an extensive number of secondary infections; other agents will sicken only a small number of people for a short period of time. Consequently, several biological agents can potentially be used to perpetrate a bioterrorism attack but few are likely capable of causing a high consequence event. It is crucial, from a US national security perspective, to more deeply understand the likelihood that terrorist organizations can acquire the range of these agents. Few studies have attempted to comprehensively compile the technical information directly relevant to the acquisition of dangerous bacteria, viruses and toxins. In this report, technical fact sheets were assembled for 46 potentially dangerous biological agents. Much of the information was taken from various research sources which could ultimately and significantly expedite and improve bioterrorism threat assessments. By systematically examining a number of specific agent characteristics included in these fact sheets, it may be possible to detect, target, and implement measures to thwart future terrorist acquisition attempts. In addition, the information in these fact sheets may be used as a tool to help laboratories gain a rudimentary understanding of how attractive a method laboratory theft is relative to other potential acquisition modes.

  19. The red rain phenomenon of Kerala and its possible extraterrestrial origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey Louis; A. Santhosh Kumar

    2006-01-02

    A red rain phenomenon occurred in Kerala, India starting from 25th July 2001, in which the rainwater appeared coloured in various localized places that are spread over a few hundred kilometers in Kerala. Maximum cases were reported during the first 10 days and isolated cases were found to occur for about 2 months. The striking red colouration of the rainwater was found to be due to the suspension of microscopic red particles having the appearance of biological cells. These particles have no similarity with usual desert dust. An estimated minimum quantity of 50,000 kg of red particles has fallen from the sky through red rain. An analysis of this strange phenomenon further shows that the conventional atmospheric transport processes like dust storms etc. cannot explain this phenomenon. The electron microscopic study of the red particles shows fine cell structure indicating their biological cell like nature. EDAX analysis shows that the major elements present in these cell like particles are carbon and oxygen. Strangely, a test for DNA using Ethidium Bromide dye fluorescence technique indicates absence of DNA in these cells. In the context of a suspected link between a meteor airburst event and the red rain, the possibility for the extraterrestrial origin of these particles from cometary fragments is discussed.

  20. Biology and Medicine Division: Annual report 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-04-01

    The Biology and Medicine Division continues to make important contributions in scientific areas in which it has a long-established leadership role. For 50 years the Division has pioneered in the application of radioisotopes and charged particles to biology and medicine. There is a growing emphasis on cellular and molecular applications in the work of all the Division's research groups. The powerful tools of genetic engineering, the use of recombinant products, the analytical application of DNA probes, and the use of restriction fragment length polymorphic DNA are described and proposed for increasing use in the future.