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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels and Green Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels and Green Diesel Definitions Advanced biofuels are defined as fuels derived from any cellulose,

2

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Biofuels Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Projects Biofuels Projects NREL biofuels projects help overcome technical barriers and expand markets for renewable, biodegradable vehicle fuels. These new liquid fuels include higher-level ethanol blends, butanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, and other biomass-derived fuels. NREL's biofuels research and development helps improve engine efficiency, reduce polluting emissions, and improve U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependency. Biofuels for Diesel Engines NREL's diesel biofuels research and development focuses on developing fuel quality standards and demonstrating compatibility with engines and emission control systems. Highly efficient heavy-duty diesel truck engines are the primary power source for global transportation of freight. Light-duty diesel-fueled passenger vehicles have much higher fuel economy than

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Procurement Biofuels Procurement Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Procurement Preference State and county agency contracts awarded for the purchase of diesel fuel must give preference to bids for biofuels or blends of biofuel and

4

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD BE FUELED BY VEGETABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD- outrequiringsubstantialmodificationofexistingvehiclesorofthefueldistributioninfrastructure:secu- rity of supply (biofuels can be produced locally in sustainable systems), lowernet of biomass transport determines the supply area of a biofuels processing facility and thus its scale

5

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Loan Program Biofuel Loan Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Loan Program The Biofuels Partnership in Assisting Community Expansion (PACE) Loan Program provides an interest buy down of up to 5% below the note rate to biodiesel, ethanol, or green diesel production facilities; livestock

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Blender Biofuels Blender Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Blender Requirements Blenders of ethanol and gasoline and biodiesel and diesel fuels outside of the bulk transfer terminal system must obtain a blender's license and are

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Reduced Biofuels Tax Reduced Biofuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Reduced Biofuels Tax A tax of $0.12 per gallon is imposed on gasoline containing at least 70% ethanol (E70) and diesel fuel containing at least 5% biodiesel (B5). This is a $0.07 discount compared to the conventional gasoline tax of $0.19 per

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Use Biofuels Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Use Requirement State-owned diesel-powered vehicles and equipment must use a biodiesel blend that contains at least 2% biodiesel (B2), where available, as long as

9

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Drop-In Biofuels to Drop-In Biofuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels Drop-In Biofuels Drop-in biofuels are hydrocarbon fuels substantially similar to gasoline, diesel, or jet fuels. These fuels can be made from a variety of biomass feedstocks including crop residues, woody biomass, dedicated energy crops,

10

Reformulated diesel fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Reformulated diesel fuels for automotive diesel engines which meet the requirements of ASTM 975-02 and provide significantly reduced emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) and particulate matter (PM) relative to commercially available diesel fuels.

McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Blend Use Biofuels Blend Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blend Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Blend Use Requirement Whenever possible, governmental entities and state educational institutions must fuel diesel vehicles with biodiesel blends containing at least 2%

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Decal and Use Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Decal and Use Requirement State fleet gasoline and diesel vehicles must operate using ethanol-blended

13

BioFuels Atlas Presentation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BioFuels Atlas Kristi Moriarty NREL May 12, 2011 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Introduction * BioFuels Atlas is a first-pass visualization tool that allows users to explore...

14

Low emissions diesel fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and matter of composition for controlling NO.sub.x emissions from existing diesel engines. The method is achieved by adding a small amount of material to the diesel fuel to decrease the amount of NO.sub.x produced during combustion. Specifically, small amounts, less than about 1%, of urea or a triazine compound (methylol melamines) are added to diesel fuel. Because urea and triazine compounds are generally insoluble in diesel fuel, microemulsion technology is used to suspend or dissolve the urea or triazine compound in the diesel fuel. A typical fuel formulation includes 5% t-butyl alcohol, 4.5% water, 0.5% urea or triazine compound, 9% oleic acid, and 1% ethanolamine. The subject invention provides improved emissions in heavy diesel engines without the need for major modifications.

Compere, Alicia L. (Knoxville, TN); Griffith, William L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dorsey, George F. (Farragut, TN); West, Brian H. (Kingston, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Fueling Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit

16

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Fuel Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF DIESEL FUEL Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage)...

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Quality Biofuels Quality Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Quality Specifications The Tennessee Department of Agriculture may inspect and test biofuels under

18

Diesel fuel oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1980 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute. Tests of 192 samples of diesel fuel oils from 95 refineries throughout the country were made by 28 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960-1980. Summaries of the results of the 1980 survey, compared with similar data for 1979, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce (Department) provides incentive payments to qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers

20

Making premium diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

For refiners, extra processing and blending is a practical, though not always easy, option for improving diesel fuel properties; however, it entails compromises. For example, ignition quality can be improved by including more paraffins, but this negatively impacts the required low-temperature operability properties. Another example is adding aromatics to increase the diesel`s Btu value, but aromatics burn poorly and tend to cause smoking. Due to these and other types of diametrical trade-offs, the scope of distillate processing and fuels blending at the refinery is often very limited. Therefore, fuel additives are rapidly becoming the only alternative for obtaining the superior quality necessary in a premium diesel fuel. If stabilizers, dispersants and other fuel additive components are used in the additive package, the product can be marketed as a premium diesel fuel additive. Engines using this additive-treated fuel will consistently have less emissions, produce optimum power from the fuel energy conversion process and perform to design specifications. And the user will truly have a premium diesel fuel. The paper discusses detergent additives, cetane or ignition improvers, fuel stabilizers, cold weather additives, and lubricity additives.

Pipenger, G. [Amalgamated Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Biofuel Project: Creating Bio-diesel  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

This activity introduces students to alternative fuels and gives them an opportunity to produce their own biodiesel fuel. The text of the exercise gives students a brief background in the environmental benefits of using biodiesel as a diesel substitute. The lab portion of this exercise demonstrates the basic chemistry involved in making biodiesel from vegetable oils and waste oils.

22

Diesel fuel qualities  

SciTech Connect

As a result of rising fuel costs, many ship operators are turning to less expensive, heavier grade fuels for their diesel engines. Use of these lower quality fuels without adequate preparation can cause increased engine wear and damage to fuel systems. The oil properties which affect pretreatment and cleaning requirements, specifications that should be used when purchasing these fuels, and procedures for confirming that bought fuels meet purchase specifications are discussed. (LCL)

Blenkey, N.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emerging Fuels Emerging Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogenation-Derived Renewable Diesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol

24

DIESEL FUEL LUBRICATION  

SciTech Connect

The diesel fuel injector and pump systems contain many sliding interfaces that rely for lubrication upon the fuels. The combination of the poor fuel lubricity and extremely tight geometric clearance between the plunger and bore makes the diesel fuel injector vulnerable to scuffing damage that severely limits the engine life. In order to meet the upcoming stricter diesel emission regulations and higher engine efficiency requirements, further fuel refinements that will result in even lower fuel lubricity due to the removal of essential lubricating compounds, more stringent operation conditions, and tighter geometric clearances are needed. These are expected to increase the scuffing and wear vulnerability of the diesel fuel injection and pump systems. In this chapter, two approaches are discussed to address this issue: (1) increasing fuel lubricity by introducing effective lubricity additives or alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, and (2) improving the fuel injector scuffing-resistance by using advanced materials and/or surface engineering processes. The developing status of the fuel modification approach is reviewed to cover topics including fuel lubricity origins, lubricity improvers, alternative fuels, and standard fuel lubricity tests. The discussion of the materials approach is focused on the methodology development for detection of the onset of scuffing and evaluation of the material scuffing characteristics.

Qu, Jun [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Diesel fuel oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1982 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 184 samples of diesel fuel oils from 83 refineries throughout the country were made by 27 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1982. Summaries of the results of the 1982 survey, compared with similar data for 1981, are shown in Tables 1 through 4 of the report. A summary of 1-D and 2-D fuels are presented in Tables 5 and 6 respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels contributes far more to global warming Researchers ScienceDaily (July 30, 2010) -- Soot from the burning of fossil fuels and solid biofuels analyzed the impacts of soot from fossil fuels -- diesel, coal, gasoline, jet fuel -- and from solid

27

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Grants The Biofuels Production Incentive Grant Program provides grants to producers of advanced biofuels, specifically fuels derived from any

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Infrastructure Biofuel Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Infrastructure Grants The Arizona Biofuel Conversion Program distributes grants to encourage the use of biofuels in the state and to promote the development of fueling

29

Diesel fuel oils, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1981 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 160 samples of diesel fuel oils from 77 refineries throughout the country were made by 26 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1981. Summaries of the results of the 1981 survey, compared with similar data for 1980, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source. August 27, 2013 Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source. "Utilizing scientific discoveries for the good of human kind and flora and fauna here on earth has the utmost importance in my mind. If I can help create a sustainable energy source, that's a step in the right direction." » Return to homepage Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source Biochemist Tarryn Miller has always loved plants. Raised in an agricultural community, the Los Alamos research assistant was

31

Prospect of biofuels as an alternative transport fuel in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The prospect of biofuels as a transport alternative fuel in Australia is reviewed and discussed in this paper. The Australian transport sector is the second largest energy consuming sector which consumes about 24% of total energy consumption. A part of this energy demand can be met by ecofriendly biofuels. A wide array of different biofuels feedstocks including Australian native species, their distributions, oil content, traditional uses are reviewed and listed in the descending order of their oil content. The world biofuel scenario as well as the 20 largest biofuel production countries and their mandates on biofuels blending with petroleum diesel are presented. Australia’s biofuel production, consumption, production facilities and future investment projects are also reviewed and discussed. The study developed a biofuel supply chain for Australia and found that the second generation biofuels have better prospects as a future alternative transport fuel in Australia. These biofuel feedstocks are readily available and can overcome the shortcomings of the first generation biofuels, such as socio-economic, environmental and food versus land use challenges. Although some research is in progress, further study is needed on the process development of second generation biofuel production at commercial scale in Australia and abroad.

A.K. Azad; M.G. Rasul; M.M.K. Khan; Subhash C. Sharma; M.A. Hazrat

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Florida Department of Management Services (DMS), in coordination with the Florida Department of Transportation (DOT), must conduct an analysis of fuel additives and biofuels DOT uses through its central fueling

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Quality Biofuel Quality Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Quality Program The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) Biofuels Quality Program tests and assesses biofuel quality and quantity to resolve any

34

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Biofuels Study Commission (Commission) was established to study the feasibility and effectiveness of incentives that promote the development and use of advanced biofuels in the state, including production credits,

35

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Minnesota Department of Agriculture (Department) must pursue available resources to promote and increase the production and use of biofuels in the state. These efforts should include increasing the availability of E85 fuel

36

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel ... TESTS are reported from Japan on the use of soybean oil as Diesel fuel in a 12-horsepower engine of 150-mm. ... This trouble was overcome by passing through some of the Diesel cooling water to heat the fuel tank and supply line. ...

C.H.S. TUPHOLME

1940-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

37

Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply Diamond Green Diesel: Diversifying Our Transportation Fuel Supply January 20, 2011 - 3:48pm Addthis Jonathan Silver Jonathan Silver Executive Director of the Loan Programs Office What does this project do? Nearly triples the amount of renewable diesel produced domestically Diversifies the U.S. fuel supply Today, Secretary Chu announced the offer of a conditional commitment for a $241 million loan guarantee to Diamond Green Diesel, LLC., the DOE Loan Program's first conditional commitment for an advanced biofuels plant. The loan guarantee will support the construction of a 137-million gallon per year renewable diesel facility that will produce renewable diesel fuel primarily from animal fats, used cooking oil and other waste grease

38

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Voluntary Biofuels Voluntary Biofuels Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Voluntary Biofuels Program In place of the formal Biodiesel Blend Mandate, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) will launch a voluntary biofuels

39

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Biofuel Study to State Biofuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Biofuel Study The Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (Department) conducted a study on the conditions and policies needed to expand biofuel production in Hawaii with the goal of displacing a

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Tax Exemption Biofuels Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Tax Exemption Biodiesel or other biofuels produced by an individual from feedstocks grown on the individual's property and used in the individual's own vehicle are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The New Jersey Assembly urges the U.S. Congress to maintain the federal Renewable Fuels Standard, which will increase the production of domestic renewable fuel, enhance consumer choice, improve the economy, increase

42

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Fueling Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Fueling Infrastructure Grants The Tennessee Department of Transportation (TDOT) engages in public-private

43

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Tax Deduction Biofuels Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Tax Deduction A business and occupation tax deduction is available for the sale or distribution of biodiesel or E85 motor fuel. This deduction is available until July 1, 2015. (Reference Revised Code of Washington 82.04.4334

44

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Infrastructure Grants The Renewable Fuel Infrastructure Program provides financial assistance to qualified E85 and biodiesel retailers. Cost-share grants are available for

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Feedstock Biofuels Feedstock Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Feedstock Requirements Renewable fuel production plants operating in Louisiana and deriving ethanol from the distillation of corn must use corn crops harvested in

46

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Research Biofuels Research Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Research Grants The Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development administers a fuel diversification grant program to provide funding to

47

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Use Biofuel Use Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Use Requirements To reduce fossil fuel dependence and statewide greenhouse gas emissions, New Jersey state departments, agencies, offices, universities, and colleges

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Volume Rebate Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels

49

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Volume Rebate Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Volume Rebate Program - Propel Fuels

50

Reducing Emissions of Persistent Organic Pollutants from a Diesel Engine by Fueling with Water-Containing Butanol Diesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An increasing energy demand and environmental pollution has motivated a search for bio-fuels, such as bio-diesels(1, 2) and bio-alcohols,(3, 4) that can be used as alternative fuels for diesel engines. ... In general, both bio-diesel and bio-alcohols, such as ethanol and butanol, have the advantages of higher brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and lower emissions of particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC). ... Diesel Engine and Test Cycle ...

Yu-Cheng Chang; Wen-Jhy Lee; Hsi-Hsien Yang; Lin-Chi Wang; Jau-Huai Lu; Ying I. Tsai; Man-Ting Cheng; Li-Hao Young; Chia-Jui Chiang

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Biofuel Advanced Biofuel Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Incentives The North Dakota Industrial Commission's Renewable Energy Program provides matching grants and other forms of assistance to support research and

52

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Promotion The state legislature supports the Federal "25 x 25" initiative, under which 25% of the total energy consumed in the United States by 2025 would

53

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Research Biofuels Research Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Research Grants The Colorado Office of Economic Development administers the Bioscience Discovery Evaluation Grant Program (Program), which provides grants to

54

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive Qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers are eligible for production incentives on a per gallon basis. To be eligible for the incentive, the

55

Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

As David Rotman states in his article on biofuels, the conversion of biomass to liquid fuel is energy intensive--just like the conversion of coal or any other solid fuel to liquid fuel. That implies that the quantity of liquid fuel from biomass and the carbon dioxide released in the production process strongly depend upon the energy source used in the conversion process. Each year, the United States could produce about 1.3 billion tons of renewable biomass for use as fuel. Burning it would release about as much energy as burning 10 million barrels of diesel fuel per day. If converted to ethanol, the biomass would have the energy value of about five million barrels of diesel fuel per day. The remainder of the energy would be used by the biomass-to-liquids conversion plant. If a nuclear reactor or other energy source provides the energy for the biomass-to-liquids plants, the equivalent of over 12 million barrels of diesel fuel can be produced per day. If our goal is to end oil imports and avoid greenhouse-gas releases, we must combine biomass and nuclear energy to maximize biofuels production.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

57

Evaluation of the Impacts of Biodiesel and Second Generation Biofuels on NOx Emissions for CARB Diesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

McCormick, R. L.; Graboski, M. S.; Alleman, T. L.; Herring, A. M.; Tyson, K. S.Impact of Biodiesel Source Material and Chemical Structure on Emissions of Criteria Pollutants from a Heavy-Duty Engine Environ. ... McCormick, Robert L.; Graboski, Michael S.; Alleman, Teresa L.; Herring, Andrew M.; Tyson, K. Shaine ... McCormick, R.; Alvarez, J.; Graboski, M.; Tyson, K.Fuel Additive and Blending Approaches to Reducing NOx Emissions from Biodiesel SAE Tech. ...

Maryam Hajbabaei; Kent C. Johnson; Robert A. Okamoto; Alexander Mitchell; Marcie Pullman; Thomas D. Durbin

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Use Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Use Requirement State agencies must take all reasonable actions to develop the infrastructure necessary to increase the availability and use of E85 and biodiesel throughout the state. Employees using state-owned vehicles are

60

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Mandate Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Blend Mandate All Gasoline sold or offered for sale in Minnesota must contain at least: 10% corn-based ethanol by volume or the maximum percent by volume of corn-based ethanol authorized in a waiver issued by the U.S. Environmental

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Definition: Diesel fuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diesel fuel Diesel fuel Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Diesel fuel A liquid fuel produced from petroleum; used in diesel engines.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Diesel oil and Gazole (fuel) redirect here. Sometimes "diesel oil" is used to mean lubricating oil for diesel engines. Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines. The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel, are increasingly being developed and adopted. To distinguish these types, petroleum-derived diesel is increasingly called petrodiesel. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a standard for defining diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents. As of 2007, almost

62

Impact of Biofuel Blending on Diesel Soot Oxidation: Implications for Aftertreatment  

SciTech Connect

Control strategies for diesel particulate filters (DPFs) remain one of the most important aspects of aftertreatment research and understanding the soot oxidation mechanism is key to controlling regeneration. Currently, most DPF models contain simple, first order heterogeneous reactions oxidation models with empirically fit parameters. This work improves the understanding of fundamental oxidation kinetics necessary to advance the capabilities of predictive modeling, by leading to better control over regeneration of the device. This study investigated the effects of blending soybean-derived biodiesel fuel on diesel particulate emissions under conventional combustion from a 1.7L direct injection, common rail diesel engine. Five biofuel blend levels were investigated and compared to conventional certification diesel for the nanostructure, surface chemistry and major constituents of the soluble organic fraction (SOF) of diesel particulate matter (PM), and the relationship between these properties and the particulate oxidation kinetics.

Strzelec, Andrea [ORNL; Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Foster, David [University of Wisconsin; Rutland, Prof. Christopher J. [University of Wisconsin; Vander Wal, Dr. Randy [NASA-Glenn Research Center, Cleveland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

New Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc formerly H2Diesel | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc formerly H2Diesel Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc formerly H2Diesel Jump to: navigation, search Name New Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc. (formerly H2Diesel) Place Lake Mary, Florida Zip 32746 Product Florida-based developer of innovative biodiesel projects and technologies. References New Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc. (formerly H2Diesel)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc. (formerly H2Diesel) is a company located in Lake Mary, Florida . References ↑ "New Generation Biofuels Holdings Inc. (formerly H2Diesel)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=New_Generation_Biofuels_Holdings_Inc_formerly_H2Diesel&oldid=349166"

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Facility Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Facility Grants The Renewable Fuels Development Program provides grants for the

65

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, retail on-highway diesel prices are collected by telephone and fax from a sample of approximately 350 retail diesel outlets, including truck stops and service stations. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that all on-highway diesel sold be ULSD by December 1, 2010 (September 1, 2006 in California). In January 2007, the weekly on-highway diesel price survey began collecting diesel prices for low sulfur diesel (LSD) which contains between 15 and 500 parts-per-million sulfur and ULSD separately. Prior to January 2007, EIA collected the price of on-highway fuel without distinguishing the sulfur

66

Materials Development & Fuel Processing Research for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tolerance/ catalyst deactivation Understanding reaction pathways Natural Gas Biofuel Diesel Jet Fuel

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

67

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Diesel Fuel Blend Tax Exemption The biodiesel or ethanol portion of blended fuel containing taxable diesel

68

AIR POLLUTION: Diesel Fuel Culprits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AIR POLLUTION: Diesel Fuel Culprits ... Low-molecular-weight components aren't necessarily the true culprits of diesel fuel pollution, although they do contribute to it, according to Hertha Skala, assistant director of research, and her coworkers F. G. Padrta and P. C. Samson at Universal Oil Products. ... At the first national symposium on heterogeneous catalysis for control of air pollution, sponsored by Philadelphia's Franklin Institute, Mrs. Skala identified five different classes of oxygenated hydrocarbons found over the full molecular-weight range of diesel fuel components. ...

1968-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

69

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

70

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Blend Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Blend Dispenser Labeling Requirement

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development

72

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption

73

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Sustainable Biofuels Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices

74

Reformulated diesel fuel and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for mathematically identifying at least one diesel fuel suitable for combustion in an automotive diesel engine with significantly reduced emissions and producible from known petroleum blendstocks using known refining processes, including the use of cetane additives (ignition improvers) and oxygenated compounds.

McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Procedures, Methodology, and Coefficients of Variation Diesel Fuel Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Blending Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Capability Requirements and Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section...

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Construction Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Construction and Permitting Assistance on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

78

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

79

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Diesel Vehicle Availability According to J.D. Power Automotive Forecasting, demand for light-duty diesel vehicles might double in the next 10 years. More auto manufacturers

80

BioFuels Atlas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Presentation for biennial merit review of Biofuels Atlas, a first-pass visualization tool that allows users to explore the potential of biomass-to-biofuels conversions at various locations and scales.

Moriarty, K.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The call for the use of biofuels which is being made by most governments following international energy policies is presently finding some resistance from car and components manufacturing companies, private users and local administrations. This opposition makes it more difficult to reach the targets of increased shares of use of biofuels in internal combustion engines. One of the reasons for this resistance is a certain lack of knowledge about the effect of biofuels on engine emissions. This paper collects and analyzes the body of work written mainly in scientific journals about diesel engine emissions when using biodiesel fuels as opposed to conventional diesel fuels. Since the basis for comparison is to maintain engine performance, the first section is dedicated to the effect of biodiesel fuel on engine power, fuel consumption and thermal efficiency. The highest consensus lies in an increase in fuel consumption in approximate proportion to the loss of heating value. In the subsequent sections, the engine emissions from biodiesel and diesel fuels are compared, paying special attention to the most concerning emissions: nitric oxides and particulate matter, the latter not only in mass and composition but also in size distributions. In this case the highest consensus was found in the sharp reduction in particulate emissions.

Magín Lapuerta; Octavio Armas; José Rodríguez-Fernández

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

83

Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel Verification of Shell GTL Fuel as CARB Alternative Diesel Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

84

Hydrogen as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines Hydrogen as a Supplemental Fuel in Diesel Engines Poster presentation from the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

85

Fuel Consumption Monitoring and Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a perspective to explore how fuel monitoring and diesel engine life are interconnected, it’s necessary to ... touch several issues such as specifics of diesel engines in fuel consumption, the effects of precis...

Anna Antimiichuk

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel”) and bio-based and FT diesel fuels are indicated,Diesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric Figure 5-6: Fuel energyDiesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric Figure 5-16: Fuel energy

Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel”) and bio-based and FT diesel fuels are indicated,Diesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric Figure 5-6: Fuel energyDiesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric Figure 5-19: Fuel energy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Second Generation Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Plant Depreciation Deduction Allowance on AddThis.com...

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Distribution Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Distribution Infrastructure Tax Credit

90

Ethanol fuel for diesel tractors  

SciTech Connect

The use of ethanol fuel in turbocharged diesel tractors is considered. The investigation was performed to evaluate the conversion of a diesel tractor for dual-fueling with ethanol by attaching a carburetor to the inlet air system or with the use of an alcohol spray-injection kit. In this system the mixture of water and alcohol is injected into the air stream by means of pressure from the turbocharger. The carburetor was attached to a by-pass apparatus which allowed the engine to start and shut off on diesel alone. Approximately 46% of the energy for the turbocharged 65 kW diesel tractor could be supplied by carbureted ethanol, and about 30% by the spray-injection approach. Knock limited the extent of substitution of ethanol for diesel fuel. The dual-fueling with ethanol caused a slight increase in brake thermal efficiency. Exhaust temperatures were much lower for equivalent high torque levels. Maximum power was increased by 36% with the spray-injection approach and about 59% with carburetion.

da Cruz, J.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Elastomer Compatibility Testing of Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the integrity and performance of six elastomers were tested with ethanol-diesel and biodiesel fuel blends.

Frame, E.; McCormick, R. L.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Credit A certified commercial biofuel producer is eligible for an income tax credit of $0.05 per gasoline gallon equivalent of biofuel produced for use

93

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price Data Collection Procedures Price Data Collection Procedures Every Monday, cash self-serve on-highway diesel prices (including taxes) are collected from a sample of approximately 400 retail diesel outlets in the continental U.S. The sample includes a combination of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel. The data represent the price of ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) which contains less than 15 parts-per-million sulfur. The prices are collected via telephone, fax, email, or the internet from participating outlets. All collected prices are subjected to automated edit checks during data collection and data processing. Data flagged by the edits are verified with the respondents. Imputation is used for companies that cannot be contacted and for reported prices that are extreme outliers.

94

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production David F. Savage , Jeffrey through natural intermediates to final molecule is long, and biofuel production is perhaps the ultimate engineering, economic, political, and environmental realities. Are biofuels sustainable? Consider U

95

Chemical Kinetic Research on HCCI & Diesel Fuels  

Energy Savers (EERE)

fuel * a primary reference fuel for diesel * Include both high and low temperature chemistry important to model low temperature combustion modes Improve component models for...

96

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

97

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Cellulosic Biofuel Tax Exemption Fuel consisting of cellulosic biofuel or a blend of gasoline and cellulosic

98

SG BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioFuels BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name SG BioFuels Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Product California-based biofuel producer operating across the United States. Coordinates 33.045436°, -117.292518° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.045436,"lon":-117.292518,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

99

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

100

Implementation of direct LSC method for diesel samples on the fuel market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The European Union develops common EU policy and strategy on biofuels and sustainable bio-economy through several documents. The encouragement of biofuel?s consumption is therefore the obligation of each EU member state. The situation in Slovenian fuel market is presented and compared with other EU countries in the frame of prescribed values from EU directives. Diesel is the most common fuel for transportation needs in Slovenia. The study was therefore performed on diesel. The sampling net was determined in accordance with the fuel consumption statistics of the country. 75 Sampling points were located on different types of roads. The quantity of bio-component in diesel samples was determined by direct LSC method through measurement of C-14 content. The measured values were in the range from 0 up to nearly 6 mass percentage of bio-component in fuel. The method has proved to be appropriate, suitable and effective for studies on the real fuel market.

Romana Krištof; Marko Hirsch; Jasmina Kožar Logar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit Companies that invest in the development of a biofuel production facility

102

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Feedstock Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Feedstock Registration Exemption Individuals that transport waste kitchen grease for conversion to biofuel

103

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Tax Biofuel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Tax Credit Biofuel producers in New York State may qualify for a state tax credit of $0.15 per gallon of biodiesel (B100) or ethanol produced after the

104

Diesel Particle Filter and Fuel Effects on Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel Particle Filter and Fuel Effects on Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Emissions ... Gaseous and Particulate Emissions from Diesel Engines at Idle and under Load: Comparison of Biodiesel Blend and Ultralow Sulfur Diesel Fuels ...

Matthew A. Ratcliff; A. John Dane; Aaron Williams; John Ireland; Jon Luecke; Robert L. McCormick; Kent J. Voorhees

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Definitions Biofuels Definitions and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Definitions and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Definitions and Specifications Biodiesel is a fuel that is produced from nonpetroleum renewable resources

106

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Blending Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Blending Contract Regulation Any provision in a contract between a fuel wholesaler and a refiner or

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Distribution Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Distribution Tax Exemption Fuel delivery vehicles, machinery, equipment, and related services that are

108

Evaluation of Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diesel fuel consumption, lubricant changes, and enginefuel consumption, and costs associated with diesel engineDiesel Idling diesel consumption Diesel fuel cost Lubricant cost Engine

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Color Degradation of Hydrocracked Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Color Degradation of Hydrocracked Diesel Fuel ... An important quality standard to be examined is the color of diesels, given the fact that consumers tend to relate a dark colored fuel to low quality fuel, where the dark color comes from the fuels aging. ...

Isabelle Bergeron; Jean-Pierre Charland; Marten Ternan

1999-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

110

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly Reduced Emissions and Improved Fuel Efficiency Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...

111

Effects of Fuel Physical Properties on Diesel Engine Combustion Using Diesel and Bio-Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

A computational study is performed to investigate the effects of physical property on diesel engine combustion characteristics using bio-diesel fuels. Properties of typical bio-diesel fuels that were either calculated or measured are used in the study and the simulation results are compared with those of conventional diesel fuels. Sensitivity of the computational results to individual physical properties is also investigated, and the results can provide information for desirable characteristics of the blended fuels. The properties considered in this study include liquid density, vapor pressure, surface tension, liquid viscosity, liquid thermal conductivity, liquid specific heat, latent heat, vapor specific heat, vapor diffusion coefficient, vapor viscosity and vapor thermal conductivity. The results show significant effects of the fuel physical properties on ignition delay and burning rates at various engine operating conditions. It is seen that there is no single physical property that dominates differences of ignition delay between diesel and bio-diesel fuels. However, among the 11 properties considered in the study, the simulation results were found to be most sensitive to the liquid fuel density, vapor pressure and surface tension through their effects on the mixture preparation processes.

Ra, Youngchul [ORNL; Reitz, Rolf [University of Wisconsin; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

On-Farm Biofuel On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants The Governor's Office of Agricultural Policy provides grants through the

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit A taxpayer who processes biodiesel, ethanol, or gasoline blends consisting

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Deduction The cost of purchasing qualified biomass feedstocks to be processed into

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Franchising Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Franchising Contract Regulations Franchise documents may not restrict a franchisee from participating in any

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Biofuel Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives The Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP; Section 9010) provides financial

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Program Biofuels Program Impact Studies to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Program Impact Studies on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Program Impact Studies The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) must conduct periodic impact studies

118

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Education and Biofuels Education and Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Education and Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Education and Promotion The Promote Illinois Ethanol and Biodiesel Act requires state agencies,

119

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Exemption Qualifying buildings, equipment, and land used in the manufacturing of

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Investment Biofuels Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Investment Tax Credit An income tax credit is available for 75% of all capital operation, maintenance, and research and development costs incurred in connection with

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Biodiesel and Other Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Present federal tax incentives apply to certain types of biomass-derived diesel fuels, which in energy policy and tax laws are described either as renewable diesel or biodiesel. To understand the distinctions between these diesel types it is necessary to understand the technologies used to produce them and the properties of the resulting products. This fact sheet contains definitions of renewable and biodiesel and discusses the processes used to convert biomass to diesel fuel and the properties of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels.

Not Available

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

California Ramps Up California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure on AddThis.com... Oct. 1, 2011 California Ramps Up Biofuels Infrastructure " Today, fuel providers are able to offer station owners turn-key packages,

123

A Comparison of Combustion and Emissions of Diesel Fuels and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Comparison of Combustion and Emissions of Diesel Fuels and Oxygenated Fuels in a Modern DI Diesel Engine A Comparison of Combustion and Emissions of Diesel Fuels and Oxygenated...

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Second Generation Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Second Generation Biofuel Producer Tax Credit

125

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Support for Advance Support for Advance Biofuel Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Advance Biofuel Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Advance Biofuel Development The California Legislature urges the U.S. Congress or the U.S.

126

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

127

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Payments to someone by E-mail Payments to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Production Payments Through the Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels (Section 9005),

128

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sampling Methodology Sampling Methodology The respondents reporting to the weekly diesel price survey represent a stratified probability proportional to size (PPS) sample selected from a frame list of retail outlets. The outlet sampling frame was constructed using commercially available lists from several sources in order to provide comprehensive coverage of truck stops and service stations that sell on-highway diesel fuel in the United States. The frame includes about 62,000 service stations and 4,000 truck stops. Due to statistical and operational considerations, outlets in the States of Alaska and Hawaii are excluded from the target population. The primary publication cells of the survey include Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) 2-4, three sub-PADDs within

129

Flammability of diesel fuels with various compositions  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a study of the flammability of a number of fuels and blends, in relation to their physicochemical properties, particularly the volatility; these studies were performed in a specially designed simulator. The following fuels were used in the studies: a hydrotreated straight-run diesel fuel L; a catalytic gas oil; diesel fuel A; blends of diesel fuels L and A with cetaine, alpha-methylnaphthalene, undecane, and docosane; and a blend of fuel L, A-72 gasoline, and the additive TsGN. The physicochemical properties of the test fuels are shown. It is shown that the flammability of fuels with various compositions in a diesel engine is more correctly evaluated on the basis of the ignition delay period, which can be calculated from the cetane number and other physicochemical property indexes of fuels for a particular set of engine operating conditions.

Gureev, A.A.; Kamfer, G.M.; Prigul'skii, G.B.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity 2003 DEER Conference...

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Blending Equipment Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Blending Equipment Tax Exemption Qualified equipment used for storing and blending petroleum-based fuel with

132

"Performance, Emission and Particle distribution of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel-Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xibin Wang "Performance, Emission and Particle distribution of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel-Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends" Abstract : Combustion, performance and emission were studied for DI diesel engine fuelled with DMM/diesel fuel blends for DMM content from 0 to 50%. Results showed that, for diesel engine with fuel

133

Battery electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cells and biofuels. Which will  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Battery electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cells and biofuels. Which will be the winner? ICEPT considered are: improved internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) powered by biofuels, battery electric. All three fuels considered (i.e.: biofuels, electricity and hydrogen) are in principle compatible

134

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit A taxpayer that constructs and places into service a commercial facility

135

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Agriculture and Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

136

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption Any newly constructed or expanded biomass-to-energy facility is exempt from

137

Introduction to the Virtual Issue of Energy & Fuels on Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction to the Virtual Issue of Energy & Fuels on Biofuels ... A general modeling framework conceived to drive the decision-making process for the strategic design of biofuel supply networks is presented. ...

Robert S. Weber

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

138

Fuel Economy of Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel You are here: Find a Car - Home > Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hybrids, Diesels, and Alternative Fuel Vehicles Search by Vehicle Type 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Select Vehicle Type Diesel Electric Ethanol-Gasoline Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Natural Gas Bifuel Natural Gas Bifuel Propane Go More Search Options Browse New Cars Hybrid Vehicles Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Battery Electric Vehicles Diesel Vehicles Flex-Fuel Vehicles CNG Vehicles Related Information How Hybrid Vehicles Work How Fuel Cell Vehicles Work MotorWeek Videos Compare Hybrids Compare Diesels Extreme MPG Tax Incentive Information Center Alternative Fuel Station Locator Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Data Center | Share I want to... Compare Side-by-Side

139

Profit and policy implications of producing biodiesel–ethanol–diesel fuel blends to specification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nonlinear optimization model is developed in this work to analyze biodiesel–ethanol–diesel (BED) ternary blending processes. The model establishes optimal blends to improve the system profitability given production costs, market demand, and fuel prices while meeting multiple property criteria such as kinematic viscosity, density, lower heating value, cloud point, cetane number, fuel stability and sulfur content. Pertinent fuel mixing rules for predicting the fuel properties of BED blends were extrapolated from previous works and applied as constraints to the present model. Several dynamic and/or uncertainty factors were explored in further depth to quantify their impacts on the fuel composition of BED blends including petro-diesel supply reduction, diesel production cost, diesel blends market retail price, and policy changes on bio-fuel subsidies. By examining key optimization sensitivity analysis such as shadow prices and opportunity costs, the crucial limits or constraints on fuel specifications can be identified and used to proactively identify and promote the development of potential additives. The model also suggests the government policy of simultaneously implementing bio-fuel tax credits and mandates may not have a higher contribution to promoting bio-fuel production than the case only with tax credits for the firms with the goal of profit maximization. The firms enable 5–8% increase of the optimal profit from BED blends by utilizing ethanol derived from food waste feedstocks instead of edible biomass.

Jiefeng Lin; Gabrielle Gaustad; Thomas A. Trabold

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Grants and Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Grants and Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

144

Property:RenewableFuelStandard/RenewableBiofuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RenewableBiofuel RenewableBiofuel Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "RenewableFuelStandard/RenewableBiofuel" Showing 15 pages using this property. R Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 12.6 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 13.2 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 13.8 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 14.4 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 9 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 10.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 15 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 12 +

145

Property:RenewableFuelStandard/UndifferentiatedAdvancedBiofuel | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UndifferentiatedAdvancedBiofuel UndifferentiatedAdvancedBiofuel Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "RenewableFuelStandard/UndifferentiatedAdvancedBiofuel" Showing 14 pages using this property. R Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 0.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 4.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 1.75 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 4.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 2 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 4.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 2.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 0.1 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 3 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 0.2 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 3.5 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 0.3 + Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule + 4 +

146

Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines using Model-Based Transient Calibration Fuel Efficiency and Emissions Optimization of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines using...

147

Fuel Additivies for Improved Performance of Diesel Aftertreatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Additivies for Improved Performance of Diesel Aftertreatment Systems Fuel Additivies for Improved Performance of Diesel Aftertreatment Systems 2002 DEER Conference Presentation:...

148

Performance Characterization of a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine with Bio-Diesel and Petroleum Diesel Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Torque Performance Curve. ...............35 Figure 9: Torque versus engine speed for conventional diesel fuel for 20%, 60%, and 75% loads....................................................................................36 Figure 10: Cycle fuel flow... versus engine speed for conventional diesel fuel for 20%, 60%, and 75% loads...........................................................................38 Figure 11: BSFC versus engine speed for conventional diesel fuel for 20%, 60%, and 75% load...

Esquivel, Jason

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

149

NOx Emissions of Alternative Diesel Fuels:? A Comparative Analysis of Biodiesel and FT Diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study explores the diesel injection and combustion processes in an effort to better understand the differences in NOx emissions between biodiesel, Fischer?Tropsch (FT) diesel, and their blends with a conventional diesel fuel. Emissions studies were ...

James P. Szybist; Stephen R. Kirby; André L. Boehman

2005-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

150

Investigation of a Fatality Due to Diesel Fuel No. 2 Ingestion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......diesel oil No. 2. Diesel fuel No. 4 is marine diesel fuel or distillate marine diesel fuel (1,4). Diesel fuel No. 2 (CAS 68476-34-6...naphtalenes (dominant) to phenanthrenes. Some marine diesel fuels may content higher levels. Diesel fuel No......

María A. Martínez; Salomé Ballesteros

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

BioFuels Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioFuels Energy, LLC BioFuels Energy, LLC Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Sector Renewable Energy Product Encinitas-based renewable energy project developer. References BioFuels Energy, LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. BioFuels Energy, LLC is a company located in Encinitas, California . References ↑ "BioFuels Energy, LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=BioFuels_Energy_LLC&oldid=342819" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

152

Danielle Goldtooth Paper #6 -Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jon Kroc Danielle Goldtooth IS 195A Paper #6 - Biofuels Green Dreams In the modern era science has. Biofuels are increasingly becoming viable alternatives to gasoline, diesel, and other non-renewable fuels." There are still many issues that must be dealt with before the production of biofuels is energy-efficient enough

Lega, Joceline

153

Three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dissertation consists of three essays on biofuel's and fossil fuel's stochastic prices focusing on the U.S. corn-based fuel-ethanol market. The research objectives include investigating… (more)

Zhang, Zibin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biogas, LPG, ethanol, bio-diesel, DME, CH2/LH2 Gasoline,Gasoline, bio-fuel, H2, electricity Gasoline, diesel, CNG,

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Miscibility of Ethanol in Diesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fuels selected were as follows:? US-1D, US-2D, kerosene, light cycle oil, #1 fuel oil, Fischer Tropsch Liquid 2 (FTL-2, FTL refers to a broad-cut fraction of Fischer?Tropsch products not meeting diesel volatility specifications.), ... The close proximity of a mixture's UCST to the fuel's cloud point masked the classical UCST phase behavior for the FTL fuels and light cycle oil; however, the general trends persisted. ...

K. R. Gerdes; G. J. Suppes

2001-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

156

Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol  

SciTech Connect

Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution. (Refs. 6).

Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Dual-fueling turbocharged diesels with ethanol  

SciTech Connect

Spray addition and carburetion methods were tested for dual-fueling a turbocharged, 65 kW diesel tractor. Approximately 30 percent of the fuel energy for the tractor was supplied by spraying ethanol into the intake air and about 46 percent by carburetion with little affect on the engine thermal efficiency. Further substitution of diesel fuel with ethanol was limited by knock. As the amount of ethanol fed into the engine was increased, ignition apparently changed from the steady burning process which normally occurs in a diesel engine to a rapid explosion which caused knock. The best fuel for the spray approach was a 50 percent ethanol/water solution and with the carburetor it was an 80 percent ethanol/water solution.

Cruz, J.M.; Rotz, C.A.; Watson, D.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Utilization of alternative fuels in diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

The important findings for a 41-month research grant entitled The Utilization of Alternate Fuels in Diesel Engines are summarized. The procedure followed was to collect performance and emission data for various candidate alternate fuels and compare these data to that for a certified petroleum-based number two Diesel fuel oil. The method of test-fuel introduction was either via fumigation or to use the engine stock injection system. Results for methanol, ethanol, four vegetable oils, two shale-derived oils, and two coal-derived oils are reported. Based upon this study, alcohol fumigation does not appear to be a practical method for utilizing low combustion quality fuels in a Diesel engine. The reasons being, the need for a complex fuel management system and a narrow operating range bounded by wet misfire on the low load end and by severe knock at medium to high loads. Also, it was misfire on the low load end and by severe knock at medium to high loads. Also, it was found that alcohol fumigation enhances the bioactivity of the emitted exhaust particles. Finally, this study showed that while it is possible to inject many synthetic fuels using the engine stock injection system, wholly acceptable performance is only obtained from a fuel whose specifications closely approach those of a finished petroleum-based Diesel oil.

Lestz, S.S.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through Printer-Friendly PDF Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through by Michael Burdette and John Zyren* Over the past several years, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has extensively studied the relationships between wholesale and retail markets for petroleum products. Beginning with gasoline, we looked at the two ends of the pricing structure in the U.S. market: daily spot prices, which capture sales of large quantities of product between refiners, importers/exporters, and traders; and weekly retail prices, measured at local gasoline outlets nationwide. In the course of this analysis, EIA has found that the relationships between spot and retail prices are consistent and predictable, to the extent that changes in spot prices can be used to forecast subsequent changes in retail prices for the appropriate regions. This article represents the extension of this type of analysis and modeling into the diesel fuel markets.

160

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Digg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Evaluation of Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diesel fuel consumption, lubricant changes, and enginefuel consumption, and costs associated with diesel enginediesel consumption Diesel fuel cost Lubricant cost Engine

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Fueling U.S. Light Duty Diesel Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fueling U.S. Light Duty Diesel Vehicles Fueling U.S. Light Duty Diesel Vehicles 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

163

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

164

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on...

165

New Diesel Feedstocks and Future Fuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Diesel Feedstocks and Future Fuels New Diesel Feedstocks and Future Fuels Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's...

166

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Michigan Fleet Reduces Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use on AddThis.com... Feb. 11, 2010 Michigan Fleet Reduces Gasoline and Diesel Use D iscover how the City of Ann Arbor reduced municipal fleet gas and diesel

167

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Diesel Fleet Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean Diesel Fleet Vehicle Grants The Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Air Quality Division

168

Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

National Clean Diesel National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type National Clean Diesel Campaign (NCDC) The NCDC was established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to

169

Effects of bio-diesel fuel blends on the performance and emissions of diesel engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study presents an experimental investigation into the effects of running biodiesel fuel blends on conventional diesel engines. Bio fuels provide a way to produce… (more)

Bastiani, Sergio.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

171

Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Spray Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Spray Simulations ... That deviates from general assumptions and is probably the consequence of the large nozzle diameter. ... Numerous trials gave the best results for the pretuned C1, C2, and C3 values using following parameters and appropriate coefficients in the following expressions: where ?f is fuel density [kg/m3], ?f is fuel viscosity [mPa s], ?f is fuel surface tension [N/mm], tinj stands for injection time [ms], pave is average injection pressure [MPa], sq = pave/pmax (squarness), Qc represents fueling [mm3/cycle], and n is pump speed [1/min]. ...

Primoz Pogorevc; Breda Kegl; Leopold Skerget

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

172

Saving diesel fuel in the oil field  

SciTech Connect

Describes how diesel electric SCR (silicon controlled rectifier) drilling rigs are helping drillers save fuel expense in the oil fields, along with other energy conservation methods. Compares SCR to conventional drilling rigs. Points out that on conventional rigs, diesel engines drive rig components directly, while on the SCR electric rigs, diesel engines turn a.c. electric generators which supply energy to d.c. electric motors for rig component power. Components of the SCR rigs include drawworks, mud pumps, rotary table, compressors, shakers, blenders and the camp load. Recommends economic principles such as supplying generators large enough to handle the low p.f. (power factor) as well as peak power requirements; and keeping the work load on diesel engines as high as possible for fuel economy. Presents tables of fuel consumed per 100 kW at various load factors; effect of power factor on engine hp required; electric drilling rig power modules; and engine and generator selection guide. Emphasizes consideration of the competitive difference in diesel engine economy.

Elder, B.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Development of a fuel-tolerant diesel for alternative fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a growing requirement for engines operating on a wider range of fuels than when fuel supplies were more stable. The diesel engine, with its high compression ratio and absence of part-load throttling, offers high efficiency. Some widely available alternative fuels, in particular alcohol from biomass, present problems because of their low cetane number. The authors report the development of a diesel engine using a combustion system incorporating a high-energy, multi-strike spark to promote smooth combustion. Results obtained with this engine using ethanol are presented to illustrate its ability to handle fuels of very low cetane numbers.

A.W.E. Henham; R.A. Johns; S. Newnham

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Impact of Fuel-Borne Catalysts on Diesel Aftertreatment | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel-Borne Catalyst Assisted DPF regeneration on a Renault truck MD9 Engine Outfitted with SCR Fuel Additivies for Improved Performance of Diesel Aftertreatment Systems...

175

Diesel fuel containing a tetrazole or triazole cetane improver  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a liquid fuel adapted for use in a diesel engine containing a cetane number increasing amount of at least one fuel soluble additive compound.

Martella, D.J.

1986-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

176

Diesel Health Impacts & Recent Comparisons to Other Fuels | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Health Impacts & Recent Comparisons to Other Fuels Diesel Health Impacts & Recent Comparisons to Other Fuels 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Natural Resources Defense Council...

177

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Bruce G. Bunting senior staff scientist Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center 2007 DOE DEER Conference...

178

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Diesel Retrofit Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

180

BioFuel Energy Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Corp Place: Denver, Colorado Zip: 80202 Product: Develops, owns and operates ethanol facilities. References: BioFuel Energy Corp1 This article is a stub. You can help...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

U.S. diesel fuel price decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

182

Congress Revisits Biofuels Mandate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Congress Revisits Biofuels Mandate ... Congress is unlikely to scrap a federal mandate that requires petroleum refiners to blend increasingly large amounts of biofuels—mainly ethanol and biodiesel—into U.S. gasoline and diesel supplies, lawmakers said last week. ... The petroleum industry argues that the standard will force it to exceed a safe ethanol mixture, while biofuels makers say repealing the requirement will ruin a huge investment in alternative fuels. ...

GLENN HESS

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sampling Methodology Sampling Methodology The sample design for the weekly diesel price survey was a two-phase design. The first phase constituted construction of a frame of 2,207 company-State units (CSUs) from the combination of two sample cycles of the EIA-782A and EIA-782B surveys that collected monthly petroleum products' sales at the State level. For sampling purposes, any combination of State and company where diesel was sold through retail outlets as reported on the EIA-782 surveys defined a CSU, the sampling unit. For the second phase, a sub-sample of the 2,207 CSUs from phase 1 was selected using probability proportional to size (PPS). The measure of size for each of the two sample cycles separately was normalized using the annual State sales' volumes from the monthly survey divided by the unit's

184

Coal-fueled diesel locomotive test  

SciTech Connect

The biggest challenges to the development of a commercially-acceptable coal-fueled diesel-electric locomotive are integrating all systems into a working unit that can be operated in railroad service. This involves mainly the following three systems: (1) the multi-cylinder coal-fueled diesel engine, (2) the locomotive and engine controls, and (3) the CWS fuel supply system. Consequently, a workable 12-cylinder coal-fueled diesel engine was considered necessary at this stage to evolve the required locomotive support systems, in addition to gaining valuable multi-cylinder engine operating experience. The CWS fuel used during this project was obtained from Otisca, Inc. (Syracuse, NY). It was prepared from micronized and deashed Kentucky Blue Gem coal to 49.0% coal loading by weight, with less than 1% ash and 5 micron mean diameter particle size. Its higher heating value was analyzed at approximately 34630 kJ/k. Anti-agglomerating additive Triton X-114 was added to the CWS at GE Transportation Systems at 2% of coal weight. The nature of the Otisca CWS fuel makes it inherently more difficult to store, pump, and inject than diesel fuel, since concepts which govern Newtonian or normally viscous liquids do not apply entirely to CWS. Otisca CWS tends to be unstable and to settle in tanks and lines after a period of time, making it necessary to provide a means of agitation during storage. To avoid long term settling problems and to minimize losses, piping velocities were designed to be in the 60-90 m/min range.

Hsu, B.D.; McDowell, R.E.; Confer, G.L.; Basic, S.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Engines - Fuel Injection and Spray Research - Diesel Sprays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diesel Sprays Diesel Sprays Chris Powell and fuel spray xray beamline Christopher Powell, an engine research scientist, fits a specially designed X-ray pressure window to a high-pressure chamber used in diesel spray research. These windows allow Argonne researchers to use X-rays to probe diesel sprays under the high-density conditions found in diesel engines. Diesel sprays Diesel engines are significantly more fuel-efficient than their gasoline counterparts, so wider adoption of diesels in the U.S. would decrease the nationÂ’s petroleum consumption. However, diesels emit much higher levels of pollutants, especially particulate matter and NOx (nitrogen oxides). These emissions have prevented more manufacturers from introducing diesel passenger cars. Researchers are exploring ways to reduce pollution formation in the engine

186

Diesel fueled ship propulsion fuel cell demonstration project  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes the work underway to adapt a former US Navy diesel electric drive ship as a 2.4 Megawatt fuel cell powered, US Coast Guard operated, demonstrator. The Project will design the new configuration, and then remove the four 600 kW diesel electric generators and auxiliaries. It will design, build and install fourteen or more nominal 180 kW diesel fueled molten carbonate internal reforming direct fuel cells (DFCs). The USCG cutter VINDICATOR has been chosen. The adaptation will be carried out at the USCG shipyard at Curtis Bay, MD. A multi-agency (state and federal) cooperative project is now underway. The USCG prime contractor, AEL, is performing the work under a Phase III Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) award. This follows their successful completion of Phases I and II under contract to the US Naval Sea Systems (NAVSEA) from 1989 through 1993 which successfully demonstrated the feasibility of diesel fueled DFCs. The demonstrated marine propulsion of a USCG cutter will lead to commercial, naval ship and submarine applications as well as on-land applications such as diesel fueled locomotives.

Kumm, W.H. [Arctic Energies Ltd., Severna Park, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

?Aceite Vegetal Puro Como Combustible Diesel? (Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? Spanish Version) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Analysis of Marine Diesel Fuel with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of Marine Diesel Fuel with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method ... Energy Fuels, 2013, 27 (2), ...

Peter Y. Hsieh; Kathryn R. Abel; Thomas J. Bruno

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring onboard fuel monitoring of fuel and biofuel qualities using an optical sensor for engine...

190

Affordable, Low-Carbon Diesel Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Affordable, Low-Carbon Diesel Fuel Affordable, Low-Carbon Diesel Fuel from Domestic Coal and Biomass January 14, 2009 DOE/NETL-2009/1349 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

191

Oxygenated fuels for clean heavy-duty diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For diesel engines, changing the fuel composition is an alternative route towards achieving lower emission levels. The potential of oxygenated fuels to significantly reduce particulate matter emissions has already been demonstrated earlier. In this study, this research has been extrapolated towards lower emission levels. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) was applied to a modern EURO-3-type HD diesel engine. Tests were done at different engine working points, with EGR-levels and start of fuel delivery timings set to give NOx emissions between 3.5 and 2.0 g/kWh with regular diesel fuel. Fourteen blends of a low-sulphur diesel fuel respectively of a gas-to-liquid synthetic diesel fuel with different oxygenates were tested. The corresponding fuel matrix covers a range of fuel oxygen mass fractions up to 15%. Results are presented and the impact of fuel oxygen mass fraction and Cetane Number are analysed and compared with results from previous research.

P.J.M. Frijters; R.S.G. Baert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTS (LCAs) OF PYROLYSIS-BASED GASOLINE AND DIESEL FROM DIFFERENT REGIONAL FEEDSTOCKS: CORN STOVER, SWITCHGRASS, SUGAR CANE BAGASSE, WASTE WOOD, GUINEA GRASS, ALGAE, AND ALBIZIA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Renewable hydrocarbon biofuels are being investigated as possible alternatives to conventional liquid transportation fossil fuels like gasoline, kerosene (aviation fuel), and diesel. A diverse… (more)

Mihalek, Matthew J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Utiization of alternate fuels in diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments during three years entitled The Utilization of Alternate Fuels in Diesel Engines are summarized. Experiments were designed and test equipment set-up for the purpose of evaluating the use of methanol as a fumigant for light-duty Diesel engine service. The major experimental results were obtained from a multicylinder automotive Diesel engine. However, fundamental studies employing a GC/micro-reactor and a constant volume combustion bomb were also started. The purpose of this work was to measure some of the chemical and physical properties of methanol and methanol-air mixtures. The laminar flame velocity for various mixtures has been measured in the combustion bomb and thermal degradation studies have begun in the GC/micro-reactor. An Oldsmobile 5.7 liter V/8 Diesel engine was fumigated with methanol in amounts up to 40% of the fuel energy. The primary objectives of the study were to determine the effect of methanol fumigation on fuel efficiency, smoke, nitric oxide emission, and the occurrence of severe knock. An assessment of the biological activity for samples of the raw exhaust particulate and its soluble organic extract was also made using boh the Ames Salmonella typhimurium test and the B. subtilis Comptest. Generally, methanol fumigation was found to decrease NO emission for all conditions, to have a slight effect on smoke opacity, and to have a beneficial effect on fuel efficiency at higher loads. Also at higher loads, the methanol was found to induce what was defined as knock limited operation. The biological activity of the raw particulate matter was fond to be less than that of its soluble organic extract. However, for both the fumigation of methanol did enhance the biological activity.

Lestz, S.S.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Experimental Study of Diesel Fuel Effects on Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Performance and Pollutant Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental Study of Diesel Fuel Effects on Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Performance and Pollutant Emissions ... The test fuels indicate variable hydrocarbon composition and physical and chemical properties, and they were prepared under a European Union research program aiming to identify future fuel formulations for use in modern DI diesel engines. ... 1,2,4-9,13,14,16,17,24-26 In general, there is an interrelation between the molecular structure (paraffins, olefins, napthenes, and aromatic hydrocarbons), the chemical properties (cetane number, ignition point, etc.), and the physical properties (density, viscosity, surface tension, etc.) of the diesel fuel. ...

Theodoros C. Zannis; Dimitrios T. Hountalas; Roussos G. Papagiannakis

2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

195

DOE Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel DOE Awarded Patent for Reformulated Diesel Fuel May 19, 2006 - 10:46am Addthis Available free of Licensing Fees, Cleaner for the Environment WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that it has developed, patented, and made commercially available reformulated diesel fuels which when used can reduce nitrogen oxides up to 10% and particulate matter up to 22% compared to those currently available. The diesel fuel formulations covered under this patent will be commercially available for use without licensing or royalty fees. This reformulated diesel fuel patent resulted from research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its subcontractors. "DOE's personnel continue to bring to the forefront technologies and

196

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Propane Blends ... State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China, and College of Vehicle & Motive Power Engineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471003, China ... It is the third most widely used vehicle fuel behind the gasoline and diesel fuels.1 Diesel fuel has been widely used in internal combustion engines due to its high thermal efficiency and low CO2 emission. ...

Zhihao Ma; Zuohua Huang; Chongxiao Li; Xinbin Wang; Haiyan Miao

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

E85/b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles from Lake Michigan to the Gulf of Mexico E85b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles from Lake...

198

Impact of Fuel Metal Impurities on Diesel Exhaust Catalysts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuel Metal Impurities on Diesel Exhaust Catalysts Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, Robert McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory Todd Toops, Michael Lance, Andrew...

199

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, Xin He and Robert L. McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory October 5,...

200

Fueling U.S. Light Duty Diesel Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Light Duty Diesel Vehicles DEER Conference August 23, 2005 Joe Kaufman Manager, Fuel & Vehicle Trends ConocoPhillips NYSE: COP Core Activities * Petroleum & natural gas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name PrairieFire BioFuels Cooperative Place Madison, Wisconsin Zip 53704 Product A member-owned cooperative which produces and distributes vegetable oil-based biodiesel. Coordinates 43.07295°, -89.386694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.07295,"lon":-89.386694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

202

E3 BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioFuels BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name E3 BioFuels Place Shawnee, Kansas Zip 66218 Product Owns a 90.9m litres-a-year ethanol plant in Nebraska; an anaerobic digester generates all the biogas needed to operate the ethanol plant. Coordinates 42.746644°, -105.010904° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.746644,"lon":-105.010904,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

203

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Seattle Biodiesel (aka Seattle BioFuels) Place Seattle, Washington Sector Renewable Energy Product Subsidiary of Imperium Renewables which operates the 19m liter Seattle biodiesel plant. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

204

Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This study uses numerical simulations to explore the use of wet ethanol as the low-reactivity fuel and diesel as the high-reactivity fuel for RCCI operation in a heavy-duty diesel engine.

205

Characteristics of Exhaust Diesel Particles from Different Oxygenated Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characteristics of Exhaust Diesel Particles from Different Oxygenated Fuels ... The characteristic variations of exhaust particles were investigated on a light-duty diesel engine. ... This study was conducted on a 2005 model-year light-duty diesel engine that meets Chinese national stage III emission standards (equivalent to Euro III emission standards) without any exhaust control device. ...

Zhen Xu; Xinling Li; Chun Guan; Zhen Huang

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

206

Development of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Modal Emissions and Fuel Consumption Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fact that the diesel engines fuel consumption and emissionsDiesel Modal Emissions and Fuel Consumption Model Connection to engineDiesel Modal Emissions and Fuel Consumption Model unit; 5) engine-

Barth, Matthew; Younglove, Theodore; Scora, George

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Diesel vehicle performance on unaltered waste soybean oil blended with petroleum fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interest in using unaltered vegetable oil as a fuel in diesel engines has experienced an increase due to uncertainty in the crude oil market supply and the detrimental effects petroleum fuels have on the environment. Unaltered vegetable oil blended with petroleum fuels is less expensive, uses less energy to produce and is more environmentally friendly compared to petroleum diesel or biodiesel. Here we investigate the engine performance of unaltered waste soybean oil blended with petroleum diesel and kerosene for three vehicles. Five biofuel blends ranging from 15% to 50% oil by volume were tested on a 2006 Jeep Liberty CRD, a 1999 Mercedes E300 and a 1984 Mercedes 300TD. A DynoJet 224x chassis dynamometer was used to test vehicle engine performance for horsepower and torque through a range of RPMs. Results for the Jeep showed a modest decrease in horsepower and torque compared to petroleum diesel ranging from 0.9% for the 15% oil blend to 5.0% lower for the 50% oil blend. However, a 30% oil blend showed statistically better performance (P < 0.05) compared to petroleum diesel. For the 1999 Mercedes, horsepower performance was 1.1% lower for the 15% oil blend to 6.4% lower for the 50% oil blend. Engine performance for a 30% blend was statistically the same (P < 0.05) compare to diesel. Finally, horsepower performance was 1.1% lower for the 15% oil blend to 4.7% lower for the 50% oil blend for the 1984 Mercedes. Overall, the performance on these oil blended fuels was excellent and, on average 1.1% lower than petroleum diesel for blends containing 40% or lower waste soybean oil content. The more significant decrease in power between the 40% and 50% oil blends indicates that oil content in these blended fuels should be no more than 40%.

Eugene P. Wagner; Patrick D. Lambert; Todd M. Moyle; Maura A. Koehle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Compression ignition engine performance and emission evaluation of industrial oilseed biofuel feedstocks camelina, carinata, and pennycress across three fuel pathways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Industrial oilseeds camelina (Camelina sativa L.), carinata (Brassica carinata), and pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) offer great potential as biofuel feedstocks due to their non-food nature and positive agronomic attributes. This research focused on compression ignition (CI) engine performance and emissions of these industrial oilseeds as compared to both traditional feedstocks and petroleum diesel. A John Deere 4.5 L test engine was used to evaluate these oils using three fuel pathways (triglyceride blends, biodiesel, and renewable diesel). This engine research represents the first direct comparison of these new biofuel feedstocks to each other and to conventional sources. For some industrial oilseed feedstock and fuel pathway combinations, this study also represents the first engine performance data available. The results were promising, with camelina, carinata, and pennycress engine performance very similar to the traditional oils for each fuel pathway. Fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, and emissions were all were typical as compared to traditional oilseed feedstocks. Average brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) for the industrial oilseed biofuels was within ±1.3% of the conventional oilseed biofuels for each fuel type. Initial research with triglyceride blends (TGB), formed by blending straight vegetable oil with gasoline, indicate it may be an ideal fuel pathway for farm-scale fuel production, and was compatible with a direct injection CI engine without modification. TGB had lower fuel consumption and a higher thermal efficiency than biodiesel for each feedstock tested. For several categories, TGB performed similar to petroleum diesel. TGB volumetric bsfc was only 1.9% higher than the petroleum runs. TGB combustion characteristics were similar to biodiesel. Biodiesel runs had several emission benefits such as reductions in carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and formaldehyde (CH20) emissions as compared to TGB runs. The renewable diesels had petroleum-like engine performance and combustion characteristics, while still maintaining some of the benefits of biodiesel such as reduced CO emissions. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions were also 6% lower for renewable diesel runs than petroleum. Both crude and refined oil was used as feedstock, and did not significantly affect engine performance or emissions in a modern CI engine.

A.C. Drenth; D.B. Olsen; P.E. Cabot; J.J. Johnson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1 *, Chantal Gondran2 , Fabien Giroud2 powerful ones, Glucose BioFuel Cells (GBFCs), are based on enzymes electrically wired by redox mediators applications. Citation: Cinquin P, Gondran C, Giroud F, Mazabrard S, Pellissier A, et al. (2010) A Glucose BioFuel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

210

Aurora BioFuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aurora BioFuels Inc Aurora BioFuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Aurora BioFuels Inc. Place Alameda, California Zip 94502 Sector Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product California-based renewable energy company exploring new sources of feedstock for the production of biofuels. The firm focus on the utilization of microalgae to generate bio-oil, which can be converted into biodiesel. Coordinates 37.766585°, -122.244739° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.766585,"lon":-122.244739,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

211

Phillips BioFuel Supply Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phillips BioFuel Supply Co Phillips BioFuel Supply Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Phillips BioFuel Supply Co Place Williston, Vermont Product Phillips BioFuel Supply Company was created specifically to create an area wide marketing and distribution network for agriculturally sourced biodiesel fuel in Vermont, eastern upstate NY, western NH and Quebec south in Canada. Coordinates 44.45307°, -73.116729° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.45307,"lon":-73.116729,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

212

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

213

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

214

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical Fuel Injection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Supercritical dieseline could be used in diesel engines having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions.

215

IMPACT OF OXYGENATED FUEL ON DIESEL ENGINE PERFORMANCE AND EMISSIONS  

SciTech Connect

As evidenced by recent lawsuits brought against operators of large diesel truck fleets [1] and by the Consent Decree brought against the heavy-duty diesel manufacturers [2], the environmental and health effects of diesel engine emissions continue to be a significant concern. Reduction of diesel engine emissions has traditionally been achieved through a combination of fuel system, combustion chamber, and engine control modifications [3]. Catalytic aftertreatment has become common on modern diesel vehicles, with the predominant device being the diesel oxidation catalytic converter [3]. To enable advanced after-treatment devices and to directly reduce emissions, significant recent interest has focused on reformulation of diesel fuel, particularly the reduction of sulfur content. The EPA has man-dated that diesel fuel will have only 15 ppm sulfur content by 2007, with current diesel specifications requiring around 300 ppm [4]. Reduction of sulfur will permit sulfur-sensitive aftertreatment devices, continuously regenerating particulate traps, NOx control catalysts, and plasma assisted catalysts to be implemented on diesel vehicles [4]. Another method of reformulating diesel fuel to reduce emissions is to incorporate oxygen in the fuel, as was done in the reformulation of gasoline. The use of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in reformulated gasoline has resulted in contamination of water resources across the country [5]. Nonetheless, by relying on the lessons learned from MTBE, oxygenation of diesel fuel may be accomplished without compromising water quality. Oxygenation of diesel fuel offers the possibility of reducing particulate matter emissions significantly, even for the current fleet of diesel vehicles. The mechanism by which oxygen content leads to particulate matter reductions is still under debate, but recent evidence shows clearly that ''smokeless'' engine operation is possible when the oxygen content of diesel fuel reaches roughly 38% by weight [6]. The potential improvements in energy efficiency within the transportation section, particularly in sport utility vehicles and light-duty trucks, that can be provided by deployment of diesel engines in passenger cars and trucks is a strong incentive to develop cleaner burning diesel engines and cleaner burning fuels for diesel engines. Thus, serious consideration of oxygenated diesel fuels is of significant practical interest and value to society. In the present work, a diesel fuel reformulating agent, CETANERTM, has been examined in a popular light-medium duty turbodiesel engine over a range of blending ratios. This additive is a mixture of glycol ethers and can be produced from dimethyl ether, which itself can be manufactured from synthesis gas using Air Products' Liquid Phase Dimethyl Ether (LPDME TM) technology. CETANERTM is a liquid, has an oxygen content of 36 wt.%, has a cetane number over 100 and is highly miscible in diesel fuel. This combination of physical and chemical properties makes CETANERTM an attractive agent for oxygenating diesel fuel. The present study considered CETANERTM ratios from 0 to 40 wt.% in a California Air Resources Board (CARB) specification diesel fuel. Particulate matter emissions, gaseous emissions and in-cylinder pressure traces were monitored over the AVL 8-Mode engine test protocol [7]. This paper presents the results from these measurements and discusses the implications of using high cetane number oxygenates in diesel fuel reformulation.

Boehman, Andre L.

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.64 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week...

217

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.2 cents from a week...

218

U.S. diesel fuel price hits 2014 low  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

diesel fuel price hits 2014 low The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel has fallen to its lowest level so far in 2014 at 3.86 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1...

219

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.81 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7-tenths of a penny from...

220

EA-1850: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood 50: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel Biorefinery, Park Falls, Wisconsin EA-1850: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel Biorefinery, Park Falls, Wisconsin Summary NOTE: This EA has been cancelled. This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide federal funding to Flambeau River Biofuels (FRB) to construct and operate a biomass-to-liquid biorefinery in Park Falls, Wisconsin, on property currently used by Flambeau Rivers Paper, LLC (FRP) for a pulp and paper mill and Johnson Timber Corporation's (JTC) Summit Lake Yard for timber storage. This project would design a biorefinery which would produce up to 1,150 barrels per day (bpd) of clean syncrude. The biorefinery would also supply

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effect of the use of olive–pomace oil biodiesel/diesel fuel blends in a compression ignition engine: Preliminary exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although biodiesel is among the most studied biofuels for diesel engines, it is usually produced from edible oils, which gives way to controversy between the use of land for fuel and food. For this reason, residues like olive–pomace oil are considered alternative raw materials to produce biodiesel that do not compete with the food industry. To gain knowledge about the implications of its use, olive–pomace oil methyl ester, straight and blended with diesel fuel, was evaluated as fuel in a direct injection diesel engine Perkins AD 3-152 and compared to the use of fossil diesel fuel. Performance curves were analyzed at full load and different speed settings. To perform the exergy balance of the tested fuels, the operating conditions corresponding to maximum engine power values were considered. It was found that the tested fuels offer similar performance parameters. When straight biodiesel was used instead of diesel fuel, maximum engine power decreased to 5.6%, while fuel consumption increased up to 7%. However, taking into consideration the Second Law of the Thermodynamics, the exergy efficiency and unitary exergetic cost reached during the operation of the engine under maximum power condition for the assessed fuels do not display significant differences. Based on the exergy results, it may be concluded that olive–pomace oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel may substitute the use of diesel fuel in compression ignition engines without any exergy cost increment.

I. López; C.E. Quintana; J.J. Ruiz; F. Cruz-Peragón; M.P. Dorado

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

clean clean Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA DOE-NREL Workshop Golden, CO June 11-13, 2012 FuelCell Energy, the FuelCell Energy logo, Direct FuelCell and "DFC" are all registered trademarks (®) of FuelCell Energy, Inc. Integrated Fuel Cell Company 2 Manufacture Sell (direct & via partners) Install Services 1.4 MW plant at a municipal building 2.4 MW plant owned by an Independent power producer 600 kW plant at a food processor 11.2 MW plant - largest fuel cell park in the world Delivering ultra-clean baseload distributed generation globally Growing Market Presence 180 MW installed and in backlog Over 80 Direct FuelCell® plants generating power at more than 50 sites globally Providing:

223

Coal-fueled diesel technology development: Nozzle development for coal-fueled diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

Direct injection of a micronized coal water mixture fuel into the combustion chambers of a diesel engine requires atomizing an abrasive slurry fuel with accurately sized orifices. Five injector orifice materials were evaluated: diamond compacts, chemical vapor deposited diamond tubes, thermally stabilized diamond, tungsten carbide with cobalt binder, and tungsten carbide with nickel binder with brazed and mechanically mounted orifice inserts. Nozzle bodies were fabricated of Armco 17-4 precipitation hardening stainless steel and Stellite 6B in order to withstand cyclic injection pressures and elevated temperatures. Based on a total of approximately 200 cylinder hours of engine operation with coal water mixture fuel diamond compacts were chosen for the orifice material.

Johnson, R.N.; Lee, M.; White, R.A.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Investigation of the effects of renewable diesel fuels on engine performance, combustion, and emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A study was undertaken to investigate renewable fuels in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. The focus of this study was the effect of newly developed renewable fuels on engine performance, combustion, and emissions. Eight fuels were investigated, and they include diesel, jet fuel, a traditional biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester: FAME), and five next generation biofuels. These five fuels were derived using a two-step process: hydrolysis of the oil into fatty acids (if necessary) and then a thermo-catalytic process to remove the oxygen via a decarboxylation reaction. The fuels included a fed batch deoxygenation of canola derived fatty acids (DCFA), a fed batch deoxygenation of canola derived fatty acids with varying amounts of H2 used during the deoxygenation process (DCFAH), a continuous deoxygenation of canola derived fatty acids (CDCFA), fed batch deoxygenation of lauric acid (DLA), and a third reaction to isomerize the products of the deoxygenated canola derived fatty acid alkanes (IPCF). Diesel, jet fuel, and biodiesel (FAME) have been used as benchmarks for comparing with the newer renewable fuels. The results of the experiments show slightly lower mechanical efficiency but better brake specific fuel consumption for the new renewable fuels. Results from combustion show shorter ignition delays for most of the renewable (deoxygenated) fuels with the exception of fed batch deoxygenation of lauric acid. Combustion results also show lower peak in-cylinder pressures, reduced rate of increase in cylinder pressure, and lower heat release rates for the renewable fuels. Emission results show an increase in hydrocarbon emissions for renewable deoxygenated fuels, but a general decrease in all other emissions including NOx, greenhouse gases, and soot. Results also demonstrate that isomers of the alkanes resulting from the deoxygenation of the canola derived fatty acids could be a potential replacement to conventional fossil diesel and biodiesel based on the experiments in this work.

Dolanimi Ogunkoya; William L. Roberts; Tiegang Fang; Nirajan Thapaliya

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Combined Numerical-experimental Study of Dual Fuel Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present paper the authors discuss the effect of different fuel ratios on the performance and emission levels of a common rail diesel engine supplied with natural gas and diesel oil. Dual fuel operation is characterized by a diesel pilot injection to start combustion in an intake port premixed NG/air mixture. The combined numerical – experimental study of the dual fuel diesel engine that is carried out in this paper aims at the evaluation of the CFD potential to predict the main features of this particular engine operation. The experimental investigations represent a tool for validating such a potential and for highlighting, at the same time, the major problems that arise from the actual engine operation with different NG / diesel oil fuel ratios.

Carmelina Abagnale; Maria Cristina Cameretti; Luigi De Simio; Michele Gambino; Sabatino Iannaccone; Raffaele Tuccillo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Performance and emissions of a diesel tractor engine fueled with marine diesel and soybean methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that is cleaner than petrodiesel. Biodiesel can be used directly as fuel for a diesel engine without having to modify the engine system. It has the major advantages of having high biodegradability, excellent lubricity and no sulfur content. This paper presents the results of investigations carried out in studying the fuel properties of soybean methyl ester (SME) and its blend with marine diesel fuel from 5%, 20% and 50% blends by volume and in running a diesel engine with these fuels. The results indicate that the use of biodiesel produces lower smoke opacity (up to 74%), but higher brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) (up to 12%) compared to marine fuel (MF). The measured carbon monoxide (CO) emissions of B5 and B100 fuels were found to be 3% and 52% lower than that of the MF, respectively.

B. Gokalp; E. Buyukkaya; H.S. Soyhan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Exhaust gas fuel reforming of Diesel fuel by non-thermal arc discharge for NOx trap regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Exhaust gas fuel reforming of Diesel fuel by non- thermal arc discharge for NOx trap regeneration to the reforming of Diesel fuel with Diesel engine exhaust gas using a non-thermal plasma torch for NOx trap Diesel fuel reforming with hal-00617141,version1-17May2013 Author manuscript, published in "Energy

Boyer, Edmond

228

DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Plenary I: Progress in Advanced Biofuels DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise William Provine, Director–Science and Technology External Affairs, DuPont

229

IMPACT OF DME-DIESEL FUEL BLEND PROPERTIES ON DIESEL FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Annual Technical Progress Report for Project Entitled "Impact Annual Technical Progress Report for Project Entitled "Impact of DME-Diesel Fuel Blend Properties on Diesel Fuel Injection Systems" May 16, 2002 - May 15, 2003 Elana M. Chapman, Andre Boehman, Kimberly Wain, Wallis Lloyd, Joseph M. Perez, Donald Stiver, Joseph Conway Report Issue Date: June 2003 DOE Award Number: DE-FC26-01NT41115 The Pennsylvania State University The Energy Institute University Park, PA 16802 ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

230

Performance and emissions of a dual fuel operated diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vegetable oil and its esters (biodiesel) are the renewable alternative fuels that can be used as a substitute for diesel in the diesel engines. The vegetable oil fuelled diesel engine results in lower efficiency and higher smoke emission. Hence in this work, an attempt has been made to use inedible and under utilised mahua oil (MO) as a substitute for diesel by fumigating liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) along with the air. A single cylinder diesel engine was modified to work in dual fuel mode by suitable retrofitting. The MO was injected into the cylinder using a fuel pump and LPG was fumigated along with the air. In MO + LPG dual fuel mode, 9% increase in brake thermal efficiency and 35% reduction in smoke emission of the engine were observed as compared to the sole fuel mode with MO. Also, the engine performance characteristics in MO + LPG dual fuel mode are close to sole fuel mode with diesel. From this work, it is concluded that LPG can be fumigated along with the air to increase the performance of MO fuelled agricultural diesel engine.

N. Kapilan; R.P. Reddy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Performance and Emissions of Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel Fuel Containing Dissolved Methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, People's Republic of China ... soot and nitrogen oxides, from direct injection Diesel engines, engineers have proposed various solns., one of which is the use of a gaseous fuel as a partial supplement for liq. ... (16)?Heywood, J. B. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals; McGraw-Hill:? New York, 1988. ...

Junqiang Zhang; Deming Jiang; Zuohua Huang; Xibin Wang; Qi Wei

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

232

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness biofuels will have an important part to take in the energy transition as far as fuels are concerned. Using biofuels, the BTL route consists in the production of middle dis- tillates (Diesel and jet fuel) via

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Effect of Injection Pressure on the Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Methanol-blended Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of Injection Pressure on the Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Methanol-blended Diesel Fuel ... Recently, the use of diesel engines has increased by virtue of their low fuel consumption and high efficiencies. ... Tests on the engine fuelled with diesel only were made, and the performance evaluated to form a basis for comparison for those of ethanol-diesel dual fuelling. ...

Mustafa Canakci; Cenk Sayin; Ahmet Necati Ozsezen; Ali Turkcan

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

234

PCR+ in Diesel Fuels and Emissions Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 PCR+ in Diesel Fuels and Emissions Research MARCH 2002 Prepared by H. T. McAdams AccaMath Services Carrollton, Illinois R. W. Crawford RWCrawford Energy Systems Tucson, Arizona G. R. Hadder Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site: http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm

235

Correlations of Exhaust Emissions from a Diesel Engine with Diesel Fuel Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 157 80, Greece ... The amount of pollutants emitted from diesel engines is affected by both the engine and the fuel quality. ...

D. Karonis; E. Lois; S. Stournas; F. Zannikos

1998-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

236

Overview of Aviation Fuel Markets for Biofuels Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect

This report is for biofuels stakeholders interested the U.S. aviation fuel market. Jet fuel production represents about 10% of U.S. petroleum refinery production. Exxon Mobil, Chevron, and BP top producers, and Texas, Louisiana, and California are top producing states. Distribution of fuel primarily involves transport from the Gulf Coast to other regions. Fuel is transported via pipeline (60%), barges on inland waterways (30%), tanker truck (5%), and rail (5%). Airport fuel supply chain organization and fuel sourcing may involve oil companies, airlines, airline consortia, airport owners and operators, and airport service companies. Most fuel is used for domestic, commercial, civilian flights. Energy efficiency has substantially improved due to aircraft fleet upgrades and advanced flight logistic improvements. Jet fuel prices generally track prices of crude oil and other refined petroleum products, whose prices are more volatile than crude oil price. The single largest expense for airlines is jet fuel, so its prices and persistent price volatility impact industry finances. Airlines use various strategies to manage aviation fuel price uncertainty. The aviation industry has established goals to mitigate its greenhouse gas emissions, and initial estimates of biojet life cycle greenhouse gas emissions exist. Biojet fuels from Fischer-Tropsch and hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids processes have ASTM standards. The commercial aviation industry and the U.S. Department of Defense have used aviation biofuels. Additional research is needed to assess the environmental, economic, and financial potential of biojet to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate long-term upward price trends, fuel price volatility, or both.

Davidson, C.; Newes, E.; Schwab, A.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fuel consumption and emissions of hybrid diesel applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GM Powertrain Europe and the Politecnico di Torino have experimentally assessed the potentialities in terms of fuel consumption reduction and the challenges in terms of ... 1.9 l four-cylinder in-line diesel engine

Prof.-Dr. Andrea Emilio Catania; Prof.-Dr. Ezio Spessa…

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Application of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Emissions 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerbonadies.pdf More Documents & Publications Application of a Diesel Fuel...

239

Adhesion of Acinetobacter venetianus to Diesel Fuel Droplets Studied with In Situ Electrochemical and Molecular Probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Center for Marine and Environmental...1997), to diesel fuel (a mixture...Italiana) for diesel engine vehicles is composed...liquid medium (marine broth; Difco...on commercial diesel fuel or n-hexadecane...Polarography of marine particles...strains degrading diesel fuel . Ivosevic...

Franco Baldi; Nadica Ivos?evi?; Andrea Minacci; Milva Pepi; Renato Fani; Vesna Svetlic?i?; Vera Z?uti?

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Natural gas fueling of a Catepillar 3406 diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a Caterpillar 3406 turbocharged diesel engine which was converted to operate in a natural gas with diesel pilot ignition mode and was evaluated for performance and emission characteristics for both diesel and natural gas operation. Full-load power was achieved with natural gas fueling without knock. Similar fuel efficiencies were obtained with natural gas fueling at high loads, but efficiencies were lower for low loads. Bosch smoke numbers were reduced by over 50 percent with natural gas fueling for all cases investigated. NO[sub x] emissions were found to be lower at low loads and at high speeds under high load. CO emissions were significantly increased for natural gas fueling while CO[sub 2] concentrations in the exhaust were reduced for natural gas fueling.

Doughty, G.E.; Bell, S.R.; Midkiff, K.C. (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Alternative and Renewable fuels and Vehicle Technology Program Subject Area: Biofuels production Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative and Renewable fuels and Vehicle Technology Program Subject Area: Biofuels production: Commercial Facilities · Applicant's Legal Name: Yokayo Biofuels, Inc. · Name of project: A Catalyst for Success · Project Description: Yokayo Biofuels, an industry veteran with over 10 years experience

242

Exhaust Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of a Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Methanol?Diesel Fuel Blends at Different Injection Timings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhaust Emissions and Combustion Characteristics of a Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Methanol?Diesel Fuel Blends at Different Injection Timings ... Because of their fuel economy and high reliability, compression-ignition (CI) engines known as diesel engines have been penetrating a number of markets around the world. ...

Mustafa Canakci; Cenk Sayin; Metin Gumus

2008-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relative to gasoline and diesel, the fossil fuels they displace in the market. We do so by using current...biodiesel are 59% those of diesel fuel. It is important...costs not captured in market prices, whether a biofuel...cost was $0.55 per diesel EEL (16, 18), whereas...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Effect of Fuel Injection Timing on the Emissions of a Direct-Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Canola Oil Methyl Ester?Diesel Fuel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3, 4) A lot of researchers have reported that using biodiesel as a fuel in diesel engines causes a diminution in harmful exhaust emissions as well as equivalent engine performance with diesel fuel. ... Engine tests have been carried out with the aim of obtaining comparative measures of torque, power, specific fuel consumption and emissions such as CO, smoke d. and NOx to evaluate and compute the behavior of the diesel engine running on the above-mentioned fuels. ... Ma, Z.; Huang, Z. H.; Li, C.; Wang, X. B.; Miao, H.Effects of fuel injection timing on combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel?propane blends Energy Fuels 2007, 21 ( 3) 1504– 1510 ...

Cenk Sayin; Metin Gumus; Mustafa Canakci

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

245

Development of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Modal Emissions and Fuel Consumption Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the diesel engines fuel consumption and emissions doEmissions and Fuel Consumption Model engine manufacturersEmissions and Fuel Consumption Model Connection to engine

Barth, Matthew; Younglove, Theodore; Scora, George

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Fuel Consumption Modeling Based on Road Load and Power Train Parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Injection Diesel Engine Fuel Consumption”, SAE 971142, 11.engine load, engine speed, and fuel consumption. The tirevehicle speed, engine speed, fuel consumption, engine load,

Giannelli, R; Nam, E K; Helmer, K; Younglove, T; Scora, G; Barth, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

NREL: Biomass Research - Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities Research into producing microalgal biofuels for transportation has been revitalized at NREL. Because algae have the potential to produce the feedstock for a number of transportation fuels-biodiesel, "green" diesel and gasoline, and jet fuel-NREL has developed strong capabilities in producing biofuels from microalgae. Through standard procedures for microalgal biofuels analysis, NREL helps scientists and researchers understand more about the chemical composition of algae. Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. This video is a narrated animation that explains the microalgae-to-biofuels conversion process. NREL's capabilities in microalgal biofuels R&D include: Why is algal research important? Algae have the potential to produce the feedstock for transportation fuels.

248

Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Standard Schedule Standard Schedule Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Fuel Standard Schedule Sector Liquid Transportation Fuels Spatial Resolution National Geographic Scope United States Temporal Resolution Annual The United States Environmental Protection Agency, under the National Renewable Fuel Standard program and as required by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), periodically revises the volumetric standards for cellulosic biofuel, biomass-based diesel, advanced biofuel, and total renewable fuel that must be used in transportation fuel each year. The table below lists the current RFS2 schedule in billions of gallons: Year Renewable Biofuel Advanced Biofuel Cellulosic Biofuel Biomass-based Diesel Undifferentiated Total 2008 9 9

249

Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Udaya Kalluri is part of a multidisciplinary scientific team working to unlock plants in order to create more potent biofuels without harsh processing.

Kalluri, Udaya

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

250

Plant variability and bio-fuel properties  

SciTech Connect

Thermochemically converting biomass feedstocks to fuels is one of the major thrusts of renewable energy research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Among several thermochemical routes is the fast pyrolysis process which produces liquid fuels from woody and herbaceous biomass feedstocks. Because of the large variability in the composition of biomass feedstocks due to plant variety and environmental factors, it is important to assess how these variabilities affect the properties of thermochemical liquid fuels (bio-oils) produced from these resources. Similar varieties of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) that were grown at three different locations and three hybrid poplar clones that were grown at one location were used in these studies. The feedstocks were pyrolyzed in a fluidized bed reactor at 500{degrees}C. The gas products were analyzed on-line and the liquid products were analyzed for elemental composition and higher heating values. Apart from small difference in the yield of char/ash, the yields of pyrolysis oils and gases were similar for switchgrass feedstocks grown at all three locations. The char/ash yields ranged from 21.1 to 22.9%; total liquids (organic liquids + water) yields ranged from 59%-60.5%; and the gas yields ranged from 11%-12% (wt). The higher heating values (HHVs) of the oils were similar (24.3-24.6 MJ/kg). For the hybrid poplar feedstocks, total liquids (65%-69%), char/ash (10%-11%), and gas yields (15.6%-17%) were similar for all three poplar clones; however, the elemental composition and the HHVs of the pyrolysis oils had statistically significant differences. The NC5260 pyrolysis oils had lower HHV (22.0{+-}0.5 MG/kg) compared to the DN clones (23.2{+-}0.3 MJ/kg). The yields of total liquids and organics for the three clones were higher than those for the switchgrass feedstocks. The gas yields for the hybrid poplar clones were higher than for the switchgrass, but had compositions similar to those of the switchgrass feedstocks.

Agblevor, F.A.; Besler-Guran, S.; Wiselogel, A.E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Use Requirement At least 50% of state vehicles using petroleum diesel fuel must use a minimum blend of 5% biodiesel (B5) or other biofuel approved by the U.S....

252

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

253

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 839.2 135.0 1,251.9 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

254

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 1,039.3 132.9 1,418.3 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

255

Thin fuel film reactor testing for characterization of diesel fuel deposit formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The need for specialized diesel fuel injectors is growing with increased efficiency and emissions regulation. These specialized fuel injectors have nozzle diameters of 150-200[mu]m which are susceptible to clogging from ...

Welling, Orian (Orian Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principal types of biofuels that can be obtained from biorenewable energy sources are analyzed. As these sources, various sorts of biomass, which is accumulated upon photosynthetic conversion of solar energy, are considered. A typical feature of biofuel production is combination of chemical and biotechnological approaches.

Sergei D Varfolomeev; E N Efremenko; Larisa P Krylova

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

An Integrated Approach for Creating Model Diesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Integrated Approach for Creating Model Diesel Fuels ... There is growing recognition that the optimal fuel properties (i) are dependent on the engine operating conditions and (ii) can be different for different parts of the drive cycle. ... The total solution to this problem belongs to the general and very difficult class of mixed-integer nonlinear problems (MINLP). ...

Ioannis P. Androulakis; Mark D. Weisel; Chang S. Hsu; Kuangnan Qian; Larry A. Green; John T. Farrell; Kiyomi Nakakita

2004-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

258

Dual fueling of a Caterpillar 3406 diesel engine  

SciTech Connect

A Caterpillar 3406 turbocharged diesel engine was converted to operate in a dual-fuel mode and was evaluated for performance and emission characteristics for both diesel and natural gas operation. Full load power was achieved with dual fueling without knock. Similar fuel efficiencies were obtained with dual fueling a high loads, but efficiencies were lower for low loads. Bosch smoke numbers were reduced by over 50% with dual fueling for all cases investigated. NO{sub x} emissions were found to be lower at low loads and at high speeds under high load. CO emissions were significantly increased for dual fueling while CO{sub 2} concentrations in the exhaust were reduced for dual fueling.

Bell, S.R.; Midkiff, K.C.; Doughty, G.; Brett, C.E. [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, has resulted in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel, combined with the expanded demand for biofuels, will result in higher food prices, since less land by using biofuels (vegetable oils). But the use of biofuels may not reduce CO2 emissions, even when

260

Comparison of the physicochemical characteristics of biofuels and petroleum fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physicochemical properties of liquid biofuels of different types (bioalcohols, biodiesel, etc ... were examined. The advantages and disadvantages of biofuels with respect to these characteristics were demonst...

K. E. Pankin; Yu. V. Ivanova; R. I. Kuz’mina…

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Tailoring key fuel properties of diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blends for diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alternative fuel research for the profusely growing number of diesel run automotive has intensified due to environmental reasons and turmoil in petroleum market. Government initiatives all around the world, their energy policies and steps to emphasis the use of biodiesel; proved biodiesel as a number one renewable substitute for No. 2 diesel fuels. Among all biodiesel feedstock, palm oil is a potential source with higher yield rate without much fertilizer use especially in tropical region. However, the application of transesterified palm biodiesel is objected by many auto-manufacturers due to adverse effects on engine in long term operation. The aim of this study was to modify the key fuel properties of palm biodiesel which causes engine fouling in long term operation. A significant amount of work is devoted to mix biodiesel and diesel at arbitrary percentages and test engine performance. Numerous fuel additives are developed for biodiesels automotive use. In this study, chemical properties of biodiesel are tailored by ethanol and an optimum formulation is derived mathematically. Ethanol is used at a controlled proportion (6%) with palm oil methyl ester (POME) as additive to reduce the higher viscosity of POME. This optimum palm biodiesel–ethanol blend was mixed at varying proportions (i.e. 0–30%) with No. 2 diesel to produce ternary blends of diesel–palm biodiesel–ethanol. Cold flow properties (such as, could point, pour point) of these ternary blends has improved and minute percentage of ethanol adding did not adversely affect the oxidation stability and corrosiveness of the fuel blend. Ethanol has significantly reduces the flash point, but the flammability of ternary blends is classified as Class II; similar to that of diesel. Cetane number is reduced in ternary blends by ethanol. So, palm biodiesel with minute percentage of anhydrous ethanol as additive in the ternary blend significantly improved key fuel properties significantly.

Md. Jayed Hussan; Masjuki Hj. Hassan; Md. Abul Kalam; Liaquat Ali Memon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

at Western University From the production of biofuels, fuel cells and alternative forms of energy,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tailored nanotube- based materials for applications in such areas as fuel cells, batteries and sensingat Western University From the production of biofuels, fuel cells and alternative forms of energy

Denham, Graham

263

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based diesel-produced biofuels. Environmental & Social Benefits Decreases emissions of fossil fuels that contribute to climate-powered vessel fleet to biofuels and bio-lubricants. This effort produced the first federal vessel to run

264

Marathon Sees Diesel Fuel in Future  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

265

Advanced Research in Diesel Fuel Sprays Using X-rays from the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Research in Diesel Fuel Sprays Using X-rays from the Advanced Photon Source Advanced Research in Diesel Fuel Sprays Using X-rays from the Advanced Photon Source 2003 DEER...

266

Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration of Single Leg NOx Adsorber Systems Use of a Diesel Fuel Processor for Rapid and Efficient Regeneration of Single...

267

Application of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions APPROACH On-board diesel fuel reformation is being evaluated as an alternative to urea SCR to meet Tier 2 Bin 5 emissions...

268

U.S. diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since July 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since July 2012 The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to its lowest point since July 2012 at 3.80 a gallon on...

269

U.S. diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel showed no movement from a week ago. The average price remained flat at...

270

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

271

Renewable Diesel Fuels: Status of Technology and R&D Needs |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Diesel Fuels: Status of Technology and R&D Needs Renewable Diesel Fuels: Status of Technology and R&D Needs 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: National Renewable Energy...

272

Global poverty and biofuel production: food vs. fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From early 2008, the issue of rising global food prices moved to the forefront of the international political agenda. As a result of higher food prices, tens of millions of people were pushed into hunger and poverty around the world. Civil unrest flared up in North Africa, Vietnam and Haiti as countries introduced export restrictions on food subsidies and instituted price controls. Food price inflation has been sparking protests in North Africa that toppled longstanding presidents in Tunisia and Egypt. In the food markets, unfavourable weather conditions, rising fuel costs, rising biofuels production, and trade restrictions have added to upward price pressures. Higher food and fuel prices have serious macroeconomic effects throughout the global economy, including adverse effects on growth and inflation, and large swings in the terms of trade - with important balance of payments repercussions. In this paper, we analyse the immediate causes of food price inflation; in particular the role of biofuel, and discuss actions policy makers may need to take to ensure global food security.

Tahereh Alavi Hojjat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Comparison of performance characteristics of liquid biofuels and petroleum fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance properties of different types of liquid biofuels (bioalcohols, biodiesel, etc.) are examined...

K. E. Pankin; Yu. V. Ivanova; R. I. Kuz’mina…

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Influence of using emulsified diesel fuel on the performance and pollutants emitted from diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This manuscript investigates the effect of emulsified diesel fuel on the engine performance and on the main pollutant emissions for a water-cooled, four stroke, four cylinders, and direct injection diesel engine. Emulsified diesel fuels with water content of range 0–30% by volume were used. The experiments were conducted in the speed range from 1000 to 3000 rpm. It was found that, in general, the using emulsified fuel improves the engine performance and reduces emissions. While the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) has a minimum value at 5% water content and 2000 rpm. The torque (T), the break mean effective pressure (BMEP) and thermal efficiency (?th) are found to have maximum values under these conditions. The emission CO2 was found to increase with engine speed and to decrease with water content. \\{NOx\\} produced from emulsified fuel is significantly less than that produced from pure diesel under the same conditions. And as the percentage of water content in the emulsion increases, the emitted amount of oxygen also increases.

Ali Alahmer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Fuel Consumption Modeling Based on Road Load and Power Train Parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diesel Engines Using Four Fuels,” Southwest Research Institute, 25. J.B.Heywood, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”,

Giannelli, R; Nam, E K; Helmer, K; Younglove, T; Scora, G; Barth, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Adhesion of Acinetobacter venetianus to Diesel Fuel Droplets Studied with In Situ Electrochemical and Molecular Probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...containing 2 g of diesel fuel liter1. Aliquots (3...on commercial diesel fuel or n-hexadecane (99...saturated, and the measuring vessel was open to the air throughout...the presence of diesel fuel as the sole carbon and...Fig. A). The O2 consumption rate increased to about...

Franco Baldi; Nadica Ivos?evi?; Andrea Minacci; Milva Pepi; Renato Fani; Vesna Svetlic?i?; Vera Z?uti?

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Evaluation of Microbial Communities from Extreme Environments as Inocula in a Carboxylate Platform for Biofuel Production from Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The carboxylate biofuels platform (CBP) involves the conversion of cellulosic biomass into carboxylate salts by a mixed microbial community. Chemical engineering approaches to convert these salts to a variety of fuels (diesel, gasoline, jet fuel...

Cope, Julia Lee

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

278

Role of Hydrogen Peroxide in a Selected Emulsified Fuel Ratio and Comparing It to Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(9) At higher load conditions, the brake thermal efficiency slightly increases for the hydrogen-peroxide-added emulsified fuel than for the remaining two fuels. ... Reduction of NOx, smoke, BSFC, and maximum combustion pressure by low compression ratios in a diesel engine fueled by emulsified fuel. ...

M. P. Ashok; C. G. Saravanan

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

Chemical factors affecting insolubles formation in shale derived diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

Detrimental changes in fuel properties with time have been a continuing problem in the use of middle distillate fuels. Instability of diesel fuels is usually defined by the formation of insoluble sediments and gums. Gravimetric stability tests have been conducted at 43/sup 0/ and 80/sup 0/C, respectively, using three model nitrogen heterocycles, 2-methylpyridine, 2,6-di methyl quinoline, and dodecahydrocarbazole, as dopants in an otherwise stable shale diesel fuel. Potential interactive effects have been defined for these three model nitrogen heterocycles in the stable fuel in the presence of a second model dopant, t-butyl hydroperoxide. 2-Methyl pyridine and 2,6-dimethyl quinoline were inactive and only 2-methyl pyridine showed slight positive interactive effects. Dodecahydrocarbazole formed large amounts of insolubles by itself and exhibited positive interactive effects.

Beal, E.J.; Mushrush, G.W.; Cooney, J.V. (Fuels Section, Code 6180 Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (US)); Watkins, J.M. (Geo-Centers, Ft. Washington, MD (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Experimental analysis of a diesel engine operating in Diesel–Ethanol Dual-Fuel mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of engines is necessary to keep the world moving. Such engines are fed mainly by fossil fuels, among these, the diesel. The operation and the behavior of engines in different thermodynamic cycles, with common fossil fuels, it is still challenging but, in general, it has well known and documented data. On the other hand, for alternative fuels, there is still demand of experimental data, particularly considering that it is desirable, most of the times, the use of a system with dual mode (reversible). Such systems are called Dual-Fuel, it brings a greater degree of freedom, but imply in technological challenges. In this paper we used an engine operating with single cylinder direct injection diesel and port ethanol injection system in Dual-Fuel mode with a 100% electronically controlled calibration. The methodology applied was, once the engine calibration was given to achieve the best specific fuel consumption or the MBT (Maximum Brake Torque) in each load condition, to gradually substitute the diesel oil by ethanol in compliance with the requirements established. Comparisons were made among working conditions considering the rate of diesel substitution and the energy indicated efficiency. Initially, the flow structure in the combustion chamber was tested in both ‘quiescent’ and high “swirl” modes. Compression ratios were adjusted at 3 different levels: 14:1, 16:1 and 17:1. It was tested two injectors, the first one of 35 g/s and another of 45 g/s. Regarding pressure diesel injection, 4 levels were investigated namely 800, 1000, 1200 and 1400 bar.

Roberto Freitas Britto Jr.; Cristiane Aparecida Martins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Novel injector techniques for coal-fueled diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

This report, entitled Novel Injector Techniques for Coal-Fueled Diesel Engines,'' describes the progress and findings of a research program aimed at development of a dry coal powder fuel injector in conjunction with the Thermal Ignition Combustion System (TICS) concept to achieve autoignition of dry powdered coal in a single-cylinder high speed diesel engine. The basic program consisted of concept selection, analysis and design, bench testing and single cylinder engine testing. The coal injector concept which was selected was a one moving part dry-coal-powder injector utilizing air blast injection. Adiabatics has had previous experience running high speed diesel engines on both direct injected directed coal-water-slurry (CWS) fuel and also with dry coal powder aspirated into the intake air. The Thermal Ignition Combustion System successfully ignited these fuels at all speeds and loads without requiring auxiliary ignition energy such as pilot diesel fuel, heated intake air or glow or spark plugs. Based upon this prior experience, it was shown that the highest efficiency and fastest combustion was with the dry coal, but that the use of aspiration of coal resulted in excessive coal migration into the engine lubrication system. Based upon a desire of DOE to utilize a more modern test engine, the previous naturally-aspirated Caterpillar model 1Y73 single cylinder engine was replaced with a turbocharged (by use of shop air compressor and back pressure control valve) single cylinder version of the Cummins model 855 engine.

Badgley, P.R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Energy 101: Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels Biofuels Energy 101: Biofuels August 16, 2013 - 12:11pm Addthis Learn how biomass is converted into clean, renewable transportation fuels to power our cars, trucks, planes, and trains. Biomass is an organic renewable energy source that includes materials such as agriculture and forest residues, energy crops, and algae. Scientists and engineers at the U.S. Department of Energy and its national laboratories are finding new, more efficient ways to convert biomass into biofuels that can take the place of conventional fuels like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. This edition of Energy 101 shows how biomass is broken down and refined into sustainable biofuels via biochemical and thermochemical processes. For more information on biofuels from the Office of Energy Efficiency and

283

Dual Fuel Conversion System for Diesel Engines: Inventions and Innovation Project Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

Project fact sheet written for the Inventions and Innovation Program about a new dual fuel conversion system allows diesel fuel switching with clean burning natural gas.

Wogsland, J.

2001-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

284

Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

Adams, Thomas (Athens, GA); Garcia, Manuel (Quebec, CA); Geller, Dan (Athens, GA); Goodrum, John W. (Athens, GA); Pendergrass, Joshua T. (Jefferson, GA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

285

Application of Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming in Compression Ignition Engines Fueled by Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, ester-based oxygenated fuels have been used in compression ignition engines in pure form or as an addition to diesel fuel. ... In hydrocarbon steam reforming (SR), high-temperature steam separates hydrogen from carbon atoms. ...

A. Tsolakis; A. Megaritis; M. L. Wyszynski

2003-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

286

Combustion characteristics of coal fuels in adiabatic diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

An experimental investigation was conducted to determine the combustion characteristics of coal fuels in adiabatic diesel engines. For this purpose engine testing was carried out by the fumigation of fine coal powder to the intake of an insulated and uncooled single cylinder diesel engine. The engine tests conducted include three types of fuels - Diesel fuel No. 2 (DF-2), Dual fuel (DF-2 + Coal), and Coal fuel. Excellent combustion characteristics of coal fuels were obtained in the present work in an adiabatic engine operating at high temperatures. The ''thermal ignition'' concept uncovered in this investigation led to a hot ''ignition chamber'' which provided ignition of the coal fuel. The high temperature engine with the ''ignition chamber'' permitted engine operation on 100% coal fuel without any external ignition aids or compression ignition. With the addition of a glow plug, the coal fueled engine was successfully cold started. For the coal fueled engine tests, analysis of cylinder pressure data showed rapid heat release rates, shorter combustion duration and very fast burning of coal powder fuel. Preliminary results of the apparent indicated cycle efficiency calculated from the heat release data, indicate that 100% coal powder fueled engine has higher cycle efficiency than DF-2 fueled engine in an adiabatic configuration. The problems encountered during the engine tests include: variation in the engine speed and load due to non-uniform coal flow rate by the coal feed system, contamination of the lubricating oil with fine coal powder, and wear of conventional piston rings. However, these problems can be solved with an improved coal feed system and wear resistant ceramic materials for the piston rings. 33 refs.

Kamo, R.; Kakwani, R.M.; Woods, M.E.; Valdmanis, E.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Heavy-Duty Diesel Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Vouchers - San Joaquin Valley on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal

288

Comparison of Real-World Fuel Use and Emissions for Dump Trucks Fueled with B20 Biodiesel Versus Petroleum Diesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Versus Petroleum Diesel By H. Christopher Frey, Ph.D. Professor Department of Civil, Construction-world in-use on-road emissions of selected diesel vehicles, fueled with B20 biodiesel and petroleum diesel was tested for one day on B20 biodiesel and for one day on petroleum diesel. On average, there were 4.5 duty

Frey, H. Christopher

289

,"U.S. On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices" On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","W Diesel Prices - All Types",11,"Weekly","12/16/2013","3/21/1994" ,"Data 2","M Diesel Prices - All Types",11,"Monthly","11/2013","3/15/1994" ,"Data 3","W Diesel Prices-Low ",1,"Weekly","12/1/2008","2/5/2007" ,"Data 4","M Diesel Prices-Low ",1,"Monthly","12/2008","2/15/2007" ,"Data 5","W Diesel Prices-Ultra-Low",11,"Weekly","12/16/2013","2/5/2007"

290

Effect of Bioethanol Blended Diesel Fuel and Engine Load on Spray, Combustion, and Emissions Characteristics in a Compression Ignition Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Yan et al.(8) investigated the combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engines fueled with ethanol–diesel blended fuel in a single cylinder diesel engine. ... Figure 11 shows the indicated specific fuel consumption (ISFC) characteristics of diesel–bioethanol blended fuels at various engine loads. ... Tests on the engine fuelled with diesel only were made, and the performance evaluated to form a basis for comparison for those of ethanol-diesel dual fuelling. ...

Su Han Park; In Mo Youn; Yunsung Lim; Chang Sik Lee

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

291

Experimental investigation on thermal barrier coated diesel engine fueled with diesel-biodiesel-ethanol-diethyl ether blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work diesel-biodiesel-ethanol (DBE) and diesel-biodiesel-diethyl ether (DBD) fuels are tested with normal diesel engine and the diesel engine coated with the layers of aluminum oxide (Al 2O3) of 0.3?mm and yttria-stabilized zirconia of 0.2?mm. The various performance and emission parameters are analyzed and determined. The experimental work was carried out in a single cylinder water cooled engine coupled with eddy current dynamometer. The AVL make five gas analyzer and smoke meter were used to measure the different exhaust pollutants. The result shows that the brake thermal efficiency of coated engine is more than that of base diesel at high loads. The thermal barrier coated engine using fuel as diesel biodiesel and ethanol (TDBE) produces the lowest carbon monoxide (CO) emissions among all the fuels that are selected. In addition it produces the lowest carbon dioxide (CO2) at higher loads. Both the thermal barrier coated engine using fuel as diesel biodiesel and diethyl ether (TDBD) and TDBE have higher NOx emissions among almost all the fuels used. The TDBE and TDBD have higher smoke emissions at initial loads but eventually show lower smoke emissions at higher loads. The thermal barrier coated diesel engine fueled with DBE and DBD shows an increase in engine power and specific fuel consumption as well as significant improvements in exhaust gas emissions except NOx.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

U.S. diesel fuel price continues to decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.21 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

293

U.S. diesel fuel price continues to decrease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

294

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.61 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

295

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

296

U.S. diesel fuel price continues to decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.14 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

297

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy...

298

Harvest BioFuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Harvest BioFuels LLC Place Addison, Texas Zip TX 75001 Product Setting up corn-based ethanol plants. Coordinates 38.477365°, -80.412149° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.477365,"lon":-80.412149,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

299

Genetic Engineering of Algae for Enhanced Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...engineering to improve energy production phenotypes...in a variety of renewable biofuels has been...petroleum fuel costs, the reality...significant amounts of energy-rich compounds...to produce a or renewable diesel through...require additional energy carriers (e...increases the cost of biofuel production...

Randor Radakovits; Robert E. Jinkerson; Al Darzins; Matthew C. Posewitz

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

300

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels December 5, 2011 - 5:44pm Addthis Idaho National Laboratory describes R&D efforts to transform raw biomass into quality feedstocks for the production of renewable fuels, power and bioproducts. Aaron Crowell Senior Technical Research Analyst What does this project do? Develops and utilizes domestically produced biofuels to make our military and the nation more secure. From transporting the oil necessary to fuel jets and vehicles to supplying battery packs to infantry, energy plays a central role in almost everything the U.S. military does. Because of this reliance, it's imperative that the military cultivate energy sources that are not subject to the whims of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A diesel engine study of conventional and alternative diesel and jet fuels: Ignition and emissions characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Measurements of ignition delay, CO and NO emissions, and fuel consumption were carried out in a light-duty single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine for operation with petroleum and alternative hydroprocessed and Fischer–Tropsch diesel and jet fuels. Ignition measurements carried out for a fixed engine speed and injection timing quantify the decrease in in-cylinder ignition delay with increasing derived cetane number (DCN) over a range of DCN relevant to diesel engine operation (DCN = 40–80) and show no discernible dependence of ignition delay on other fuel properties. Brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) was found to decrease with increasing DCN with strong correlation due to a reduction in ignition time for fixed-injection-timed operation. Brake specific CO emissions were also found to decrease with increasing DCN due to increased time provided for CO burn out due to earlier ignition. Brake specific NO emissions were found to decrease with increasing hydrogen-to-carbon (H/C) ratio, due to the lower peak combustion temperatures and thermal \\{NOx\\} occurring for fuels with higher H/C.

Sandeep Gowdagiri; Xander M. Cesari; Mingdi Huang; Matthew A. Oehlschlaeger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Operating with In-Cylinder Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blending  

SciTech Connect

Advanced combustion regimes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) offer benefits of reduced nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions. However, these combustion strategies often generate higher carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions. In addition, aldehydes and ketone emissions can increase in these modes. In this study, the engine-out emissions of a compression-ignition engine operating in a fuel reactivity- controlled PCCI combustion mode using in-cylinder blending of gasoline and diesel fuel have been characterized. The work was performed on a 1.9-liter, 4-cylinder diesel engine outfitted with a port fuel injection system to deliver gasoline to the engine. The engine was operated at 2300 rpm and 4.2 bar brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) with the ratio of gasoline to diesel fuel that gave the highest engine efficiency and lowest emissions. Engine-out emissions for aldehydes, ketones and PM were compared with emissions from conventional diesel combustion. Sampling and analysis was carried out following micro-tunnel dilution of the exhaust. Particle geometric mean diameter, number-size distribution, and total number concentration were measured by a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS). For the particle mass measurements, samples were collected on Teflon-coated quartz-fiber filters and analyzed gravimetrically. Gaseous aldehydes and ketones were sampled using dinitrophenylhydrazine-coated solid phase extraction cartridges and the extracts were analyzed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). In addition, emissions after a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) were also measured to investigate the destruction of CO, HC and formaldehydes by the catalyst.

Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Curran, Scott [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Fuel effects on flame lift-off under diesel conditions  

SciTech Connect

An apparent relation between the lift-off length under diesel conditions and the ignition quality of a fuel has previously been reported. To cast light on the underlying mechanism, the current study aims to separate flame lift-off effects of the chemical ignition delay from those of other fuel properties under diesel conditions. Flame lift-off was measured in an optical diesel engine by high-speed video imaging of OH-chemiluminescence. Fuel and ambient-gas properties were varied during the experiment. Only a weak correlation was found between ignition delay and lift-off length. The data indicate that this correlation is due to a common, stronger correlation with the ambient oxygen concentration. The chemical ignition delay and the fuel type had similar, weak effects on the lift-off length. A recently proposed mechanism for lift-off stabilization was used to interpret the results. It assumes that reactants approaching the lift-off position of the jet are mixed with high-temperature products found along the edges of the flame, which trigger autoignition. In this picture, the fuel effect is most likely due to differences in the amount of mixing with high-temperature products that is required for autoignition. In the current experiment, all lift-off effects seem to arise from variations in the reactant and product temperatures, induced by fuel and ambient properties. (author)

Persson, Helena; Andersson, Oeivind; Egnell, Rolf [Lund University (Sweden). Dept. of Energy Sciences

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emissions under high EGR rate on a diesel engine by fueling blends of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol and pure diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of two-stage injection on combustion and emission characteristics under high EGR (46%) condition were experimentally investigated. Four different fuels including pure diesel and blended fuels of diesel/gasoline, diesel/n-butanol, diesel/gasoline/n-butanol were tested. Results show that blending gasoline or/and n-butanol in diesel improves smoke emissions while induces increase in maximum pressure rise rate (MPRR). Adopting pilot injection close to main injection can effectively reduce the peak of premixed heat release rate and MPRR. However, for fuels blends with high percentage of low cetane number fuel, the effect of pilot fuel on ignition can be neglected and the improvement of MPRR is not that obvious. Pilot-main interval presents more obvious effect on smoke than pilot injection rate does, and the smoke emissions decrease with increasing pilot-main interval. A longer main-post interval results in a lower post heat release rate and prolonged combustion duration. While post injection rate has little effect on the start of ignition for post injection. The variation in fuel properties caused by blending gasoline or/and n-butanol into diesel does not impose obvious influence on post combustion. The smoke emission increases first and then declines with retard of post injection timing. Compared to diesel, the smoke emissions of blended fuels are more sensitive to the variation of post injection strategy.

Zunqing Zheng; Lang Yue; Haifeng Liu; Yuxuan Zhu; Xiaofan Zhong; Mingfa Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Adhesion of Acinetobacter venetianus to Diesel Fuel Droplets Studied with In Situ Electrochemical and Molecular Probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...energy source. The diesel fuel (Esso Italiana) for diesel engine vehicles is composed of a mixture...5 mm2 s1 at 40C (). The diesel fuel was filtered through a 0...6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) staining (). O2 consumption rates. The strains were grown...

Franco Baldi; Nadica Ivos?evi?; Andrea Minacci; Milva Pepi; Renato Fani; Vesna Svetlic?i?; Vera Z?uti?

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Performance Analysis on Fuel Injection System Failure for a Four-Stroke Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The middle speed four stroke diesel engine has the advantages of small capacity, light in weight, capable to combustion poor fuel oil. In recent years, they have been used more comprehensive than before. Daihatsu 6PSHdM-26H diesel engine, which is a ... Keywords: 4-stroke medium-speed turbocharged marine diesel engine, Fuel injection system failure, delayed combustion, performance analysis

Jialiang Huang; Guohao Yang; Dan Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel?  

SciTech Connect

Two-page fact sheet discussing the pitfalls of using straight vegetable oil (SVO) as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Chemical Kinetic Research on HCCI & Diesel Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

309

Chemical Kinetic Research on HCCI & Diesel Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

310

Chemical Kinetic Research on HCCI & Diesel Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

311

Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel, LP-gas and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

112 Farm Fuel Safety Accidents in the handling, use and storage of gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel and by keeping fuel storage facilities in top condition. Flammable Liquids and Gases Gasoline, diesel fuel, LP flammability and safety precautions. Do not keep gasoline inside the home or transport it in the trunks

312

Usage of Fuel Mixtures Containing Ethanol and Rapeseed Oil Methyl Esters in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, its use in the diesel engine cycle is hampered by the poor motor-fueling characteristics of lower alcohols and, primarily, the limited solubility of ethanol in fossil diesel fuel and its low self-ignition characteristics. ... Coefficient ? = Gair/(GfL0) estimates air supply into a diesel engine cylinder (indicator process), taking into account the differences of stoichiometric ratio L0 of the tested fuels, caused by the increase of the E portion in the RME?E mixture (Gair is air consumption, and Gf is fuel consumption). ... Future research will concentrate on the analysis of fuel injection and heat release rate characteristics in a cylinder, while a diesel engine is running on biodiesel fuels RME?E, and also on the operational parameters of diesel engines when fossil diesel fuel is replaced with three-component fuels D?RME?E. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Violeta Makareviciene; Prutenis Janulis; Egle Sendzikiene

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

313

Energy Department Announces $13.4 Million to Develop Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department announced today up to $13.4 million for five projects to develop advanced biofuels and bioproducts that will help drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel from biomass.

314

Effects of diesel injection pressure on the performance and emissions of a HD common-rail diesel engine fueled with diesel/methanol dual fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The diesel/methanol dual fuel (DMDF) combustion mode was conducted on a turbo-charged, inter-cooling diesel engine with 6-cylinder for the heavy duty (HD) vehicle. In DMDF mode, methanol is injected into the intake port to form lean air/methanol premixed mixture, and then ignited by the direct-injected diesel fuel in cylinder. This study is aimed to investigate the effect of diesel injection pressure on the characteristics of performance and exhaust emissions from the engine with common-rail fuel system. The experimental results show that at low injection pressure, the IMEP of DMDF mode is lower than that of pure diesel combustion (D) mode. COVIEMP of DMDF mode firstly decreases and then increases with increasing injection pressure, and it remains under 2.1% for all the tests. It is found that the combustion duration in DMDF mode becomes shorter, the maximum cylinder pressure and the peak heat release rate increase, and CA50 gets close to the top dead center as the injection pressure increases. BSFC of DMDF mode decreases with the increase of injection pressure, and is lower than that of D mode for injection pressure over 115 MPa. Both of NOX and smoke emissions are reduced in DMDF mode. But smoke decreases and NOX increases as the diesel injection pressure increases in DMDF mode. DMDF generates lower NO and CO2 emissions, while produces higher HC, CO, andNO2 emissions compared to D mode. As the diesel injection pressure increases, CO and HC emissions are decreased, however, CO2 and NO2 emissions are slightly increased.

Junheng Liu; Anren Yao; Chunde Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Development of HC-SCR System Using Diesel Fuel as a Reductant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle test Dynamo test In order to remove NOx from diesel vehicle emission, urea- SCR is generally used. In this studies, diesel fuel itself was used as a NO to remove...

316

Mutagenicity of diesel exhaust particle extracts: Influence of non-petroleum fuel extenders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mutagenicity of dichloromethane extracts of diesel participate exhaust, collected while the engine was running at steady state on diesel fuel alone was higher than when 10% ... in higher estimates of mutageni...

Charles R. Clark Ph.D.; Roger O. McClellan…

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Assessment of fuel efficiency of neem biodiesel (Azadirachta indica) in a single cylinder diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase of petroleum diesel usage and its environmental pollution necessitate the study of alternate fuel production. Vegetable oils are the viable alternate form of non-polluted, renewable fuel to diesel engines. In this work, the non-edible oil, neem (Azadirachta indica) was used to produce biodiesel by a two step transesterification process. The fuel properties of the biodiesel thus produced were determined by standard methods. It is further tested in a single cylinder diesel engine by mixing with petroleum diesel in various percentages. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and specific fuel consumption (SFC) of the engine running with biodiesel blends (10-50%) were compared with the petroleum diesel. The results have shown that the performance of the diesel engine was similar as that of normal diesel and thus the use of biodiesel in diesel engine is viable.

M. Mathiyazhagan; T. Elango; T. Senthilkumar; A. Ganapathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Effect of engine operating parameters and fuel characteristics on diesel engine emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To examine the effects of using synthetic Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel fuel in a modern compression ignition engine, experiments were conducted on a MY 2002 Cummins 5.9 L diesel engine outfitted with high pressure, common ...

Acar, Joseph, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Hydrogen Generation and Coke Formation over a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst under Fuel Rich Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Generation and Coke Formation over a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst under Fuel Rich Conditions† ... Hydrogen production via hydrocarbon steam reforming and water gas shift reactions was investigated over a monolith-supported Pt-based diesel oxidation catalyst. ...

Meshari AL-Harbi; Jin-Yong Luo; Robert Hayes; Martin Votsmeier; William S. Epling

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Gasoline Jet Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C4n= Diesel Gasoline Jet Fuels C O C5: Xylose C6 Fermentation of sugars Biofuel "Nanobowls" are inorganic catalysts that could provide the selectivity for converting sugars to fuels IACT Proposes Synthetic, Inorganic Catalysts to Produce Biofuels Current Process

Kemner, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Emissions and efficiency of agricultural diesels using low-proof ethanol as supplement fuel. [Tractor engines  

SciTech Connect

Experimental investigations were made to evaluate the potential of using low-proof ethanol to supplement diesel fuel in agricultural engines. Fumigation, mechanical emulsification, and chemical emulsifiers were used to introduce a significant amount of alcohol with diesel fuel for engine operation. A total of five diesel tractor engines were tested using each of the fuel systems. Exhaust products and fuel usage were determined at various engine speed/load conditions. 5 references, 12 figures, 14 tables.

Allsup, J.R.; Clingenpeel, J.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Reaction Profiles during Exhaust-Assisted Reforming of Diesel Engine Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction Profiles during Exhaust-Assisted Reforming of Diesel Engine Fuels ... The reforming efficiency was dependent on the fuel type and followed the general trend of bioethanol > rapeseed methyl ester > low-sulfur diesel fuel. ... The use of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) in diesel engines reduces nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions but results in an increased release of smoke and particulate matter (PM), as well as higher fuel consumption. ...

A. Tsolakis; A. Megaritis; S. E. Golunski

2005-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

323

Investigation of Biodiesel–Diesel Fuel Blends on Combustion Characteristics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Using OpenFOAM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Biodiesel–Diesel Fuel Blends on Combustion Characteristics in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Using OpenFOAM ... (1) In addition, biodiesel can be used in existing compression ignition (CI) or diesel engines with minimal or no modifications because its physicochemical characteristics are very similar to those of fossil diesel. ... However, when CME, PME, and SME are blended with 50 vol % of diesel fuel, the general trend as discussed above is not reproduced. ...

Harun Mohamed Ismail; Hoon Kiat Ng; Suyin Gan; Xinwei Cheng; Tommaso Lucchini

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

324

Oxygen Reactivity of Devolatilized Diesel Engine Particulates from Conventional and Biodiesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxygen Reactivity of Devolatilized Diesel Engine Particulates from Conventional and Biodiesel Fuels ... Abatement of diesel particulates has led to an overall decrease in the fuel efficiency of diesel engines, and overcoming these losses has been one of the more challenging problems in exhaust aftertreatment. ... (16-18) Establishing a general physical basis for modeling diesel particulate oxidation is especially challenging because of the large variations in microscopic structure that it can have. ...

Andrea Strzelec; Todd J. Toops; C. Stuart Daw

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Ethanol (1)bio) Carbon Emissions (MMTCe/year) Ethanol Use (Quads) Biofuel Gasoline/DieselBio) Ethanol Use (Quads) Carbon Index (MMTCe/Quad) Biofuel Gasoline/Diesel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Ethanol (1)bio) Carbon Emissions (MMTCe/year) Ethanol Use (Quads) Biofuel Gasoline/DieselBio) Ethanol Use (Quads) Carbon Index (MMTCe/Quad) Biofuel Gasoline/Diesel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil production: a critique-fuels based on palm oil to re- duce greenhouse gas emissions, due account should be taken of carbon emissions fuel use in palm oil pro- duction, making a number of assumptions that I believe to be incorrect

328

Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the hybrid-electric diesel and LNG Class 8 trucks wereengine truck, diesel hybrid-electric, conventional LNGhybrid-electric vehicles with diesel and LNG engines, fuel

Zhao, Hengbing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

A Neural Network Approach for the Correlation of Exhaust Emissions from a Diesel Engine with Diesel Fuel Properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

National Technical University of Athens, Department of Chemical Engineering, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 157 80, Greece ... The emissions from diesel engines have been drastically reduced during the last 30 years as a result of significant improvement in engine technology and modification of diesel fuel. ... First principles models are using fundamental equations, which have been developed by analyzing the physical insight of the systems. ...

D. Karonis; E. Lois; F. Zannikos; A. Alexandridis; H. Sarimveis

2003-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

Formulation and Combustion of Glycerol–Diesel Fuel Emulsions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Formulation and Combustion of Glycerol–Diesel Fuel Emulsions ... (4) In most large-scale biodiesel operations, the glycerol is purified and released to market as any number of purified products ranging from crude (50–85% purity) to United States Pharmacopeia (USP) (96–99.8% ... Therefore, purification of glycerol remains an active field of industrial research, and producers continue to seek high-volume markets to unload their products. ...

Scott J. Eaton; George N. Harakas; Richard W. Kimball; Jennifer A. Smith; Kira A. Pilot; Mitch T. Kuflik; Jeremy M. Bullard

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

331

Fabrication of small-orifice fuel injectors for diesel engines.  

SciTech Connect

Diesel fuel injector nozzles with spray hole diameters of 50-75 {micro}m have been fabricated via electroless nickel plating of conventionally made nozzles. Thick layers of nickel are deposited onto the orifice interior surfaces, reducing the diameter from {approx}200 {micro}m to the target diameter. The nickel plate is hard, smooth, and adherent, and covers the orifice interior surfaces uniformly.

Woodford, J. B.; Fenske, G. R.

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Multifunctional Diesel Fuel Additives from Triglycerides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Add to ACS ChemWorx ... A US1D test fuel (same as Table 3) was used with 10% ethanol added to lower the cetane number to additives was added to the low cetane fuel to evaluate the impact of the additive. ... In practice, decomposition exotherms for EHN and BK1P41 would both be lower than the DSC exotherms since heat removal capability and free radical?wall effects will impact decomposition temperatures. ...

G. J. Suppes; M. Goff; M. L. Burkhart; K. Bockwinkel; M. H. Mason; J. B. Botts; J. A. Heppert

2000-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

333

Engine combustion, performance and emission characteristics of gas to liquid (GTL) fuels and its blends with diesel and bio-diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Crude oil price hikes, energy security concerns and environmental drivers have turned the focus to alternative fuels. Gas to liquid (GTL) diesel is regarded as a promising alternative diesel fuel, considering the adeptness to use directly as a diesel fuel or in blends with petroleum-derived diesel or bio-diesel. GTL fuel derived from Fischer–Tropsch synthesis is of distinctly different characteristics than fossil diesel fuel due to its paraffinic nature, virtually zero sulfur, low aromatic contents and very high cetane number. GTL fuel is referred to as a “clean fuel” for its inherent ability to reduce engine exhaust emission even with blends of diesel and bio-diesel. This paper illustrates feasibility of GTL fuel in context of comparative fuel properties with conventional diesel and bio-diesels. This review also describes the technical attributes of GTL and its blends with diesel and bio-diesel focusing their impact on engine performance and emission characteristics on the basis of the previous research works. It can introduce an efficacious guideline to devise several blends of alternative fuels, further the development of engine performance and constrain exhaust emission to cope with the relentless efforts to manufacture efficient and environment friendly powertrains.

H. Sajjad; H.H. Masjuki; M. Varman; M.A. Kalam; M.I. Arbab; S. Imtenan; S.M. Ashrafur Rahman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

E85, Flex-Fuel Vehicles, and AB 1493 Integrating biofuels into California's vehicular greenhouse gas regulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E85, Flex-Fuel Vehicles, and AB 1493 Integrating biofuels into California's vehicular greenhouse.................................................................................................. 5 1.1.3 CALIFORNIA CLEAN FUELS PROGRAM ....................................... 6 1.1.5 AB 1007: THE ALTERNATIVE FUELS PLAN

Kammen, Daniel M.

335

Coal-fueled diesels for modular power generation  

SciTech Connect

Interest in coal-fueled heat engines revived after the sharp increase in the prices of natural gas and petroleum in the 1970`s. Based on the success of micronized coal water slurry combustion tests in an engine in the 1980`s, Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) of the US Department of Energy. initiated several programs for the development of advanced coal-fueled diesel and gas turbine engines for use in cogeneration, small utilities, industrial applications and transportation. Cooper-Bessemer and Arthur D. Little have been developing technology since 1985, under the sponsor of METC, to enable coal water slurry (CWS) to be utilized in large bore, medium-speed diesel engines. Modular power generation applications in the 10--100 MW size (each plant typically using from two to eight engines) are the target applications for the late 1990`s and beyond when, according to the US DOE and other projections, oil and natural gas prices are expected to escalate much more rapidly compared to the price of coal. As part of this program over 7.50 hours of prototype engine operation has been achieved on coal water slurry (CWS), including over 100 hours operation of a six-cylinder full scale engine with Integrated Emissions Control System in 1993. In this paper, the authors described the project cost of the CWS fuel used, the heat rate of the engine operating on CWS, the projected maintenance cost for various engine components, and the demonstrated low emissions characteristics of the coal diesel system.

Wilson, R.P. [Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States); Rao, A.K. [Cooper-Bessemer Reciprocating, Grove City, PA (United States); Smith, W.C. [Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States). Morgantown Energy Technology Center

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Ethanol diesel dual fuel clean combustion with FPGA enabled control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sophisticated engine controls have progressively become vital enablers for implementing clean and efficient combustion. The low temperature combustion in diesel engines is a viable combustion mode that offers ultra-low nitrogen oxides and dry soot emissions, yet only feasible under tightly controlled operating conditions. In this work, the dual fuel application of ethanol and diesel is studied for clean and efficient combustion. A set of real-time controllers has been configured to control the common-rail pressure and injection events, in concert with the use of two fuels in a high compression ratio diesel engine. An improved control algorithm has been implemented into the field programmable gate array devices to promptly execute the injection commands of the port and direct injection events. Such reliable and prompt control of fuel injection has been identified as critical to safely enable simultaneously low nitrogen oxides and soot combustion, especially when excessive or inadequate rate of exhaust gas recirculation is imminent. High load clean combustion was achieved with the improved control system.

Xiaoye Han; Jimi Tjong; Graham T. Reader; Ming Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Development and Validation of a NOx Emission Testing Setup for a Diesel Engine, Fueled with Bio-Diesel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increasing concerns related to long term availability of petroleum-based fuels and the emissions from diesel-powered vehicles have given rise to a growing search for… (more)

Kohli, Dhruv

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF USING EMULSIFIED DIESEL FUEL ON THE PERFORMANCE AND POLLUTANTS EMITTED FROM FOUR STROKE WATER COOLED DIESEL ENGINE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A water?cooled four stroke four cylinder direct injection diesel engine was used to study the effect of emulsified diesel fuel on the engine performance and on the main pollutant emissions. Emulsified diesel fuels of 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% and 30% water by volume were used. The experiments were conducted in the speed range from 1000 to 3000 rpm. It was found that in general using emulsified fuel improves the engine performance and reduces emissions. While the BSFC has a minimum value at 5% water and 2000 rpm the torque the BMEP and efficiency are found to have maximum values under these conditions. CO 2 was found to increase with engine speed and to decrease with water content. NO x produced from emulsified fuel is significantly less than that produced from pure diesel under the same conditions.

A. Sakhrieh; R. H. Fouad; J. A. Yamin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Novel Water-Neutral Diesel Fuel Processor and Sulfur Trap„Precision Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel Water-Neutral Diesel Fuel Novel Water-Neutral Diesel Fuel Processor and Sulfur Trap-Precision Combustion Background Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) technology for auxiliary power units (APUs) offers the potential for major contributions toward Department of Energy (DOE) objectives such as clean energy deployment and improved efficiency. Reforming of conventional liquid fuels to produce synthesis gas (syngas) fuel for SOFC stacks is a practical approach for operating fuel cell APUs

340

Effect of Oxygenated Fuel on Combustion and Emissions in a Light-Duty Turbo Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of fuel oxygen content on soot reduction in diesel engines is well-known. ... Fuel consumption was determined by weighing the fuel at the beginning and end of each test mode or each fuel blend through a Sartorius precision scale, with an accuracy of ±2 g. ... studies on effects of oxygenated fuels in conjunction with single and split fuel injections were conducted at high and low loads on a Caterpillar SCOTE DI diesel engine. ...

Juhun Song; Kraipat Cheenkachorn; Jinguo Wang; Joseph Perez; André L. Boehman; Philip John Young; Francis J. Waller

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Testing Waste Olive Oil Methyl Ester as a Fuel in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this sense, to gain knowledge about the implications of its use, waste olive oil methyl ester was evaluated as a fuel for diesel engines during a 50-h short-term performance test in a diesel direct-injection Perkins engine. ... At the beginning of the last century, Rudolph Diesel fueled a diesel engine with the oil of an African groundnut (peanut), thus demonstrating the idea of using vegetable oil as a substitute for No. 2 diesel fuel. ... In this way, we obtained a volume value for each trio of working values, making a brake-specific fuel consumption comparison between different tests or fuels possible, as shown in Table 2, where Vi is the volume value for each test and V50 corresponds to that of No. 2 diesel fuel after 50 h (the test that showed the minimum value). ...

M. P. Dorado; E. Ballesteros; J. M. Arnal; J. Gómez; F. J. López Giménez

2003-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

342

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A DI DIESEL ENGINE USING FUEL DERIVED FROM ORANGE PEEL;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For more than 70 years, in many countries bio-fuels have played an newlineimportant role as fuel in automobiles as they are renewable, eco-friendly and newlinenon-toxic.… (more)

PURUSHOTHAMAN K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Toward a More Comprehensive Greenhouse Gas Emissions Assessment of Biofuels: The Case of Forest-Based Fischer–Tropsch Diesel Production in Finland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technology and feedstock production chain-specific factors, market-mediated factors and climate policy time frame issues are reflected using as a case study Fischer–Tropsch diesel derived from boreal forest biomass in Finland. ... Hochman, G.; Rajagopal, D.; Zilberman, D.The effect of biofuels on crude oil markets AgBioForum 2010, 13 ( 2) 112– 118 ...

Sampo Soimakallio

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

344

Influence of Biodiesel Addition to Fischer?Tropsch Fuel on Diesel Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zhu, R.; Wang, X.; Miao, H.; Huang, Z.; Gao, J.; Jiang, D.Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel-Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends Energy Fuels 2009, 23, 286– 293 ... Results showed that, without changing the fuel supply system and the combustion system of a diesel engine, when using blended fuel with increased DMM percentage, break-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) is higher for a smaller lower heating value of DMM, while thermal efficiency increases a little. ... To investigate influences of fuel design on regulated and non-regulated emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines, a Mercedes-Benz OM 906 Euro 3 engine was run with common diesel fuel (DF), first- and second-generation alternative fuels (Gas-to-liq. ...

Md. Nurun Nabi; Johan Einar Hustad

2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

345

The piston dynamics under knock situation of diesel dual fuel engine: a numerical study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A compression ignition engine fueled by natural gas or Diesel Dual Fuel (DDF) engine is a promising engine for the future of a high oil price. Unfortunately, the DDF engine knocks easily: this leads to damage of pistons. So, the understanding of the ... Keywords: diesel dual fuel engine, knock, mixed-lubrication, modelling, piston secondary motion, simulation

Krisada Wannatong; Somchai Chanchaona; Surachai Sanitjai

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Effects of Fuel Sulfur Content and Diesel Oxidation Catalyst on PM Emitted from Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work aims at the particle number concentrations and size distributions, sulfate and trace metals emitted from a diesel engine fueled with three different sulfur content fuels, operating with and without DOC. ... Figure 2. Sulfate emission rate and fuel consumption as a function of sulfur content at engine speed of 2690 rpm. ... Thus, the use of low metal fuels and lubricating oil is as important to the environment and human health as low sulfur fuels, especially for engines with after-treatment devices. ...

Hong Zhao; Yunshan Ge; Xiaochen Wang; Jianwei Tan; Aijuan Wang; Kewei You

2010-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

347

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

348

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

200 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

349

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon...

350

Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins Collaboration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Learn how a new clean diesel engine could improve the fuel economy of full-sized pickup trucks by 40 percent while meeting new emissions standards.

351

FUEL FORMULATION EFFECTS ON DIESEL FUEL INJECTION, COMBUSTION, EMISSIONS AND EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes work under a U.S. DOE sponsored Ultra Clean Fuels project entitled ''Ultra Clean Fuels from Natural Gas,'' Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-01NT41098. In this study we have examined the incremental benefits of moving from low sulfur diesel fuel and ultra low sulfur diesel fuel to an ultra clean fuel, Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel produced from natural gas. Blending with biodiesel, B100, was also considered. The impact of fuel formulation on fuel injection timing, bulk modulus of compressibility, in-cylinder combustion processes, gaseous and particulate emissions, DPF regeneration temperature and urea-SCR NOx control has been examined. The primary test engine is a 5.9L Cummins ISB, which has been instrumented for in-cylinder combustion analysis and in-cylinder visualization with an engine videoscope. A single-cylinder engine has also been used to examine in detail the impacts of fuel formulation on injection timing in a pump-line-nozzle fueling system, to assist in the interpretation of results from the ISB engine.

Boehman, A; Alam, M; Song, J; Acharya, R; Szybist, J; Zello, V; Miller, K

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

352

Chapter 30 - Biofuel Economics and Policy: The Renewable Fuel Standard, the Blend Wall, and Future Uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biofuels are currently in a state of flux. The main operative policy for biofuels in the United States is the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). It specifies a minimum quantity of four different types of biofuels that must be blended each year in the United States through 2022. However, the United States also faces what is called the blend wall, which is a physical limit on blending given that the United States blends at a 10% rate. The blend wall upper limit is now below the RFS lower limit for corn ethanol, and that is causing problems with the administration of the RFS. This chapter explains how the RFS functions and then examines alternatives to the current administration of the RFS. The RFS is critical for cellulosic biofuels and biodiesel, and its elimination would likely end use of those fuels. Corn ethanol, however, is now much less expensive than gasoline and would continue.

Wallace E. Tyner

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Evaluation of Fuel Properties of Butanol?Biodiesel?Diesel Blends and Their Impact on Engine Performance and Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Values of specific fuel consumption of engine when fueled with different blends and pure diesel at different speeds are shown in Figure 4. ... Chandra, R.; Kumar, R. Fuel properties of some stable alcohol?diesel microemulsions for their use in compression ignition engines Energy Fuels 2007, 21, 3410– 3414 ... Liu, B.; Huang, Z.; Miao, H.; Di, Y.; Jiang, D.; Zeng, K. Combustion and emissions of a DI diesel engine fuelled with diesel?oxygenate blends Fuel 2008, 87, 2691– 2697 ...

Rakhi N. Mehta; Mousumi Chakraborty; Pinakeswar Mahanta; Parimal A. Parikh

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Biofuels and Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels and Agriculture Biofuels and Agriculture A Factsheet for Farmers American farmers have "biofuels" like ethanol and biodiesel mean that new markets are opening up. These can provide extra farm as growing markets for other biofuels like biodiesel. What are biofuels? Biofuels (short for "biomass fuels

Pawlowski, Wojtek

355

A NMR-Based Carbon-Type Analysis of Diesel Fuel Blends From Various Sources  

SciTech Connect

In collaboration with participants of the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) Advanced Vehicle/Fuels/Lubricants (AVFL) Committee, and project AVFL-19, the characteristics of fuels from advanced and renewable sources were compared to commercial diesel fuels. The main objective of this study was to highlight similarities and differences among the fuel types, i.e. ULSD, renewables, and alternative fuels, and among fuels within the different fuel types. This report summarizes the carbon-type analysis from 1H and 13C{1H} nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) of 14 diesel fuel samples. The diesel fuel samples come from diverse sources and include four commercial ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels (ULSD), one gas-to-liquid diesel fuel (GTL), six renewable diesel fuels (RD), two shale oil-derived diesel fuels, and one oil sands-derived diesel fuel. Overall, the fuels examined fall into two groups. The two shale oil-derived samples and the oil-sand-derived sample closely resemble the four commercial ultra-low sulfur diesels, with SO1 and SO2 most closely matched with ULSD1, ULSD2, and ULSD4, and OS1 most closely matched with ULSD3. As might be expected, the renewable diesel fuels, with the exception of RD3, do not resemble the ULSD fuels because of their very low aromatic content, but more closely resemble the gas-to-liquid sample (GTL) in this respect. RD3 is significantly different from the other renewable diesel fuels in that the aromatic content more closely resembles the ULSD fuels. Fused-ring aromatics are readily observable in the ULSD, SO, and OS samples, as well as RD3, and are noticeably absent in the remaining RD and GTL fuels. Finally, ULSD3 differs from the other ULSD fuels by having a significantly lower aromatic carbon content and higher cycloparaffinic carbon content. In addition to providing important comparative compositional information regarding the various diesel fuels, this report also provides important information about the capabilities of NMR spectroscopy for the detailed characterization and comparison of fuels and fuel blends.

Bays, J. Timothy; King, David L.

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

356

Development of gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil  

SciTech Connect

Considering the increasing interest in the utilization of biofuels derived from biomass pyrolysis, ENEL/CRT carried out some experimental investigations on feasibility of biofuels utilization in the electricity production systems. The paper considers the experimental activity for the development and the design optimization of a gas turbine combustor suitable to be fed with biofuel oil, on the basis of the pressurized combustion performance obtained in a small gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil and ethanol/bio-fuel oil mixtures. Combustion tests were performed using the combustion chamber of a 40 kWe gas turbine. A small pressurized rig has been constructed including a nozzle for pressurization and a heat recovering combustion air preheating system, together with a proper injection system consisting of two dual fuel atomizers. Compressed air allowed a good spray quality and a satisfactory flame instability, without the need of a pilot frame, also when firing crude bio-fuel only. A parametric investigation on the combustion performance has been performed in order to evaluate the effect of fuel properties, operating conditions and injection system geometry, especially as regards CO and NO{sub x} emissions and smoke index.

Ardy, P.L.; Barbucci, P.; Benelli, G. [ENEL SpA R& D Dept., Pisa (Italy)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity H2 Gasoline, bio-fuel, H2, electricity Gasoline,bio-diesel, DME, CH2/LH2 Gasoline, electricity, H2 Powertrains ICE, hybrid, plug-in hybrid, battery, fuel

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Biofuels Overview CLIMATETECHBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page | 1 May 2009 Biofuels Overview CLIMATETECHBOOK What are Biofuels? A biofuel is defined as any dependence on petroleum-based fuels, biofuels are gaining increasing attention as one possible solution. Biofuels offer a way to produce transportation fuels from renewable sources or waste materials and to help

359

Diesel engine lubrication with poor quality residual fuel  

SciTech Connect

The quality of marine residual fuel is declining. This is being caused by a gradual trend towards production of heavier crudes and increased residuum conversion processes in refineries to meet light product demand while holding down crude runs. Additionally, more stringent inland fuel sulfur regulations have caused the higher sulfur residues to be used for marine residual fuel blending. Engine manufacturers are making major efforts in design so that their engines can burn these fuels at high efficiency with minimum adverse effects. The oil industry is developing improved lubricants to reduce as much as possible the increased wear and deposit formation caused by these poor quality fuels. To guide the development of improved lubricants, knowledge is required about the impact of the main fuel characteristics on lubrication. This paper summarizes work conducted to assess the impact of fuel sulfur, Conradson carbon and asphaltenes on wear and deposit formation in engines representative of full scale crosshead diesel engines and medium speed trunk piston engines. Results obtained with improved lubricants in these engines are reviewed.

Van der Horst, G.W.; Hold, G.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Thermal stability of diesel fuels by quantitative gravimetric JFTOT  

SciTech Connect

The current worldwide standard test method for assessing thermal stability of jet turbine aviation fuels is the ASTM D3241 method. This method generates a visual tube deposit rating which is not quantitative, but assumes that very dark colors equate to unstable fuels. The tube rating is coded against color standards and the darkest color is usually said to fail a fuel for use in jet turbine engines/fuel systems. The method also generates a semi-quantitative filter pressure drop. The pressure drop is so semi-quantitative that it also is afforded a pass/fail criterion for fuel acceptance in jet aircraft. In 1991, we described the construction of a test device which duplicated all of the experimentally important parameters of the D3241 method but which substituted a weighable 302 stainless steel (s/s) foil strip for the bulky tube, so that direct weighing of thermal surface deposits could be made. In addition, the nominal 17 micron (dutch weave) s/s filter of the D3241 was substituted with a nylon membrane 0.8 micron filter which was also capable of direct weighing of the fuel entrained solids generated by the test. In subsequent papers, the use of this device for generating a large data base of results based on aviation fuels from many different refinery processes and many different geographic/crude sources was described. In addition this new device, dubbed the gravimetric jet fuel total oxidation tester (JFTOT) after the original ASTM D3241 device, was also used to assess quantitatively the effects of temperature, pressure, and fuel flow in addition to the effects of dissolved metals and various fuel additives. This paper describes the JFTOT test for the analysis of middle distillate diesel fuels.

Beal, E.J.; Hardy, D.R. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Comparison of blends of conventional diesel fuel and CRBO containing high levels of FFA in a DI diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work attempts to analyse the ability of high free fatty acid (FFA) crude rice bran oil (CRBO) in replacing diesel partially in a compression ignition (CI) engine. It was observed that the delay period and the maximum rate of pressure rise for CRBO blends are lower than diesel and is almost inversely proportional to FFA content. Maximum heat release rate for CRBO blends are lower and occur earlier than that of diesel. CRBO blends require longer duration to release 90% of heat than diesel and it decreases with increase in FFA content of CRBO. When operating with CRBO blends, all emission parameters were decreased significantly with a marginal increase in CO emission than that of diesel without affecting the brake thermal efficiency of the engine. It is concluded that higher FFA of CRBO blends does not inhibit its ability to be utilised as a fuel in CI engines.

S. Saravanan; G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao; S. Sampath; G. Nagarajan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Characteristics of SME Biodiesel-Fueled Diesel Particle Emissions and the Kinetics of Oxidation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In general it is reported that biodiesel has a less adverse effect on human health than petroleum-based diesel fuel. ... The engine used in this study was a 1996 John Deere T04045TF250, which is a medium-duty, off-highway, direct-injection, 4 cylinder, 4 cycle, turbocharged diesel engine. ... These fuels were compared with a low-sulfur, petroleum #2 diesel fuel in a Caterpillar 3304, prechamber, 75 kW diesel engine, operated over heavy- and light-duty transient test cycles developed by the United States Bureau of Mines. ...

Heejung Jung; David B. Kittelson; Michael R. Zachariah

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

363

Experimental Investigation of Optimal Timing of the Diesel Engine Injection Pump Using Biodiesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Smetanova 17, SI-2000 Maribor ... Compared to mineral diesel, biodiesel and biodiesel blends in general show lower CO, smoke, and HC emissions but higher NOx emission and higher specific fuel consumption. ... In this sense, to gain knowledge about the implications of its use, waste olive oil Me ester was evaluated as a fuel for diesel engines during a 50 h short-term performance test in a diesel direct-injection Perkins engine. ...

Breda Kegl

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

364

Biofuels Marker Opportunities  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Association for Convenience & Fuel Retailing Biofuels Market Opportunities John Eichberger NACS Vice President Government Relations Fuels Institute Executive Director The...

365

Emissions and fuel economy of a prechamber diesel engine with natural gas dual fuelling  

SciTech Connect

A four-cylinder turbocharged prechamber diesel engine (Caterpillar 3304) was operated with natural gas and pilot diesel fuel ignition over a wide range of load and speed. Measurements were made of fuel consumption and the emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and the oxides of nitrogen. Improvements in fuel economy and emissions were found to be affected by the diesel fuel-gas fraction, and by air restriction and fuel injection timing. Boundaries of unstable, inefficient and knocking operation were defined and the importance of gas-air equivalance ratio was demonstrated in its effect on economy, emissions and stability of operation.

Ding, X.; Hill, P.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Combustion and Emission Characteristics of a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel?Diethyl Adipate Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The advantage of a diesel engine compared with a gasoline engine is the fuel economy benefits; however, the high NOx and smoke emissions still remain the main obstacles for the increasing application of diesel engines with the increasing concerns for environmental protection and implementation of more stringent exhaust gas regulations, thus further reduction in engine emissions becomes one of major tasks in engine development. ... In the application of pure oxygenated fuels, Fleisch et al.,1 Kapus et al.,2 and Sorenson et al.3 have studied dimethyl ether (DME) in the modified diesel engine, and their results showed that the engine could achieve ultralow emission prospects without fundamental change in combustion systems. ... Murayama, T.; Zheng, M.; Chikahisa, T. Simultaneous reduction of smoke and NOx from a DI diesel engine with EGR and dimethyl carbonate; SAE paper 952518, Society of Automotive Engineers:? Warrendale, PA, 1995. ...

Yi Ren; Zuohua Huang; Haiyan Miao; Deming Jiang; Ke Zeng; Bing Liu; Xibin Wang

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

367

Benefits of Water-Fuel Emulsion on Automotive Diesel Exhaust Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water fuel emulsion is widely used to control pollutant emissions in large and medium diesel engines. The application of this fuel to small automotive engines has been limited by the emulsion stability and eco...

K. Lombaert; L. Le Moyne; P. Guibert…

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Fact #650: November 22, 2010 Diesel Fuel Prices hit a Two-Year High  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

According to the Energy Information Administration's weekly fuel price data, the price of highway diesel fuel on the week of November 17, 2010, reached a 2-year high of $3.18 per gallon. Back in...

369

U.S. Diesel Fuel Price Increases for First Time Since June  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

diesel fuel price increase for first time since June The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's up 5.4 cents from a week ago...

370

U.S. diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since February 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since February 2011 The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.62 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.2...

371

ORNL/TM-2002/16 PCR+ in Diesel Fuels and Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORNL/TM-2002/16 PCR+ in Diesel Fuels and Emissions Research MARCH 2002 Prepared by H. T. Mc Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased. #12;ORNL/TM-2002/16 PCR+ IN DIESEL FUELS AND EMISSIONS RESEARCH H. T. McAdams AccaMath Services

372

Bacterial Targets as Potential Indicators of Diesel Fuel Toxicity in Subantarctic Soils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...domestic guidelines for diesel fuel. The subsequent...role in biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem sustainability...hydrocarbons through the general mechanism of biochemical...steps within the nitrogen cycle have been targeted to...with hydrocarbons in the diesel fuel range (C9 to C28...

Josie van Dorst; Steven D. Siciliano; Tristrom Winsley; Ian Snape; Belinda C. Ferrari

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

373

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

374

U.S. diesel fuel prices falls to lowest level since mid-July...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel prices falls to lowest level since mid-July 2012 The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3...

375

U.S. diesel fuel prices falls to lowest level since mid-July...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6, 2014 U.S. diesel fuel prices falls to lowest level since mid-July 2012 The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to its lowest level since mid-July 2012 at...

376

Effect of idling on fuel consumption and emissions of a diesel engine fueled by Jatropha biodiesel blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An engine running at low load and low rated speed is said to be subject to high idling conditions, a mode which represents one of the major problems currently the transport industry is facing. During this time, the engine can not work at peak operating temperature. This leads to incomplete combustion and emissions level increase due to having fuel residues in the exhaust. Also, idling results in increase in fuel consumption. The purpose of this study is to evaluate fuel consumption and emissions parameters under high idling conditions when diesel blended with Jatropha curcas biodiesel is used to operate a diesel engine. Although biodiesel–diesel blends decrease carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions, they increase nitrogen oxides emissions in high idling modes. Compared to pure diesel fuel, fuel consumption also increases under all high idling conditions for biodiesel–diesel blends, with a further increase occurring as blend percentage rises.

S.M. Ashrafur Rahman; H.H. Masjuki; M.A. Kalam; M.J. Abedin; A. Sanjid; S. Imtenan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Combustion Characterization and Ignition Delay Modeling of Low- and High-Cetane Alternative Diesel Fuels in a Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Watkins Hall 700 Dyer Road Monterey, California 93943-5100, United States ... However, this study was done using an indirect injection diesel engine that may be uncharacteristic for typical diesel engines, which utilize direct injection. ... The IGD can, in turn, be used to provide qualitative or even quantitative prediction of other operational parameters such as peak pressure, maximum rate of pressure rise, or the general viability of the fuel in a diesel engine. ...

John Petersen; Doug Seivwright; Patrick Caton; Knox Millsaps

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

378

Methylal and Methylal-Diesel Blended Fuels from Use In Compression-Ignition Engines  

SciTech Connect

Gas-to-liquids catalytic conversion technologies show promise for liberating stranded natural gas reserves and for achieving energy diversity worldwide. Some gas-to-liquids products are used as transportation fuels and as blendstocks for upgrading crude derived fuels. Methylal (CH{sub 3}-O-CH{sub 2}-O-CH{sub 3}) also known as dimethoxymethane or DMM, is a gas-to-liquid chemical that has been evaluated for use as a diesel fuel component. Methylal contains 42% oxygen by weight and is soluble in diesel fuel. The physical and chemical properties of neat methylal and for blends of methylal in conventional diesel fuel are presented. Methylal was found to be more volatile than diesel fuel, and special precautions for distribution and fuel tank storage are discussed. Steady state engine tests were also performed using an unmodified Cummins 85.9 turbocharged diesel engine to examine the effect of methylal blend concentration on performance and emissions. Substantial reductions of particulate matter emissions h ave been demonstrated 3r IO to 30% blends of methylal in diesel fuel. This research indicates that methylal may be an effective blendstock for diesel fuel provided design changes are made to vehicle fuel handling systems.

Keith D. Vertin; James M. Ohi; David W. Naegeli; Kenneth H. Childress; Gary P. Hagen; Chris I. McCarthy; Adelbert S. Cheng; Robert W. Dibble

1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

379

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

380

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil and in diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work comprised a method for concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil as well as biodiesel in diesel fuel by a measurement of the permittivity of the mixture at a frequency range from 100 Hz to 20 kHz. For this purpose a special designed measurement cell with high sensitivity was designed. The results for the concentration measurements of biodiesel in the engine oil and diesel fuel shows linearity to the measurement cell signal for the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil between 0.5% Vol. to 10% Vol. and for biodiesel in the diesel fuel between 0% Vol. to 100% Vol. The method to measure the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil or the concentration of biodiesel in the diesel fuel is very accurate and low concentration of about 0.5% Vol. biodiesel in engine oil or in diesel fuel can be measured with high accuracy.

A Mäder; M Eskiner; C Burger; W Ruck; M Rossner; J Krahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Application of Synthetic Diesel Fuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Potential of GTL Diesel to Meet Future Exhaust Emission Limits Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car...

383

Renewable Diesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Diesel Paraffinic (C 13 -C 18 ) No Oxygen No Double Bonds In Heart of Diesel Fuel (C 10 -C 22 ) High Cetane Feedstock Independent Cold Flow...

384

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

all petroleum reports all petroleum reports Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update Gasoline Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 Diesel Fuel Release Date: December 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 23, 2013 U.S. Regular Gasoline Prices* (dollars per gallon)full history Change from 12/02/13 12/09/13 12/16/13 week ago year ago U.S. 3.272 3.269 3.239 values are down -0.030 values are down -0.015 East Coast (PADD1) 3.389 3.382 3.373 values are down -0.009 values are up 0.023 New England (PADD1A) 3.475 3.494 3.508 values are up 0.014 values are up 0.015 Central Atlantic (PADD1B) 3.441 3.447 3.457 values are up 0.010 values are down -0.029 Lower Atlantic (PADD1C) 3.325 3.300 3.270 values are down -0.030 values are up 0.063

385

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel (85%) F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric Figureblend Biofuel (85%) F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen ElectricDiesel CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Hydrogen Electric

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel (85%) F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Hydrogen Electric FigureBiofuel (85%) F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Billions GGE HydrogenDiesel CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Hydrogen Electric

Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Project Summary Full Title: Mobility Chains Analysis of Technologies for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles Fueled with Biofuels: Application of the GREET Model to the Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) Project Project ID: 82 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: The mobility chains analysis estimated the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of various biofuels in light-duty vehicles. Keywords: Well-to-wheels (WTW); ethanol; biofuels; Fischer Tropsch diesel; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) Purpose The project was a multi-organization, multi-sponsor project to examine the potential of biofuels in the U.S. Argonne was responsible for the well-to-wheels analysis of biofuel production and use.

388

Fuel-Mix, Fuel Efficiency, and Transport Demand Affect Prospects for Biofuels in Northern Europe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Consumption structure parameters describe how the four road transport processes are being consumed, such as, for example, the amount of car-sharing and private vehicle ownership per capita—and are based on country-specific trend extrapolation using data provided by national statistical agencies and other research institutions (13-17, 35). ... As Ohrogge et al. point out, although there are uncertainties in the pace of electric car development and market penetration, future strategies aimed at promoting bioelectricity instead of ethanol for substituting conventional fuels like gasoline in cars and promoting more diesel engines in heavier vehicles may be the best route to the goal of reducing petroleum consumption and CO2 emissions (69). ... In the case of Sweden, where forest operations are highly and efficiently mechanized, this stage consumes more fossil fuels than other elements of the wood supply chain (such as silviculture and logging operations). ...

Ryan M. Bright; Anders Hammer Strømman

2010-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

389

Emulsified fuel testing in a medium speed diesel engine. Final report Feb 81-Apr 82  

SciTech Connect

Medium-speed diesel engine testing of fuel-water emulsification with various grades of diesel fuel was conducted in order to determine the effect of water emulsification on engine performance. Emulsions from 0 to 12% water (by volume) were test run with various water particle sizes, injection timings, and engine loads with four separate fuels: Marine diesel, 1500 SR1, 3500 SR1, and 5000 SR1. Experimental results are presented for the basic engine performance areas for the various conditions run, focusing mainly on the effects of water emulsification on fuel consumption, exhaust emissions, and engine component wear rates. Details of the emulsification system are also discussed.

Barich, J.J.; Hinrichs, T.L.; Pearce, K.R.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...we find that life-cycle GHG emissions of soybean...biodiesel are 59% those of diesel fuel. It is important...justified if their life-cycle environmental impacts...cost was $0.55 per diesel EEL (16, 18), whereas...biodiesel suggest that, in general, biofuels would...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Diesel Reforming for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Application  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the development of a diesel reforming catalyst and catalytic system development.

Liu, D-J.; Sheen, S-H.; Krumpelt, M.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

392

Effect of GTL Diesel Fuels on Emissions and Engine Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: DaimlerChrysler Research and Technology

393

Alternatives to Diesel Fuel in California - Fuel Cycle Energy and Emission Effects of Possible Replacements Due to the TAC Diesel Particulate Decision  

SciTech Connect

Limitations on petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible ''mid-course'' strategies, each of which results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, with substantial displacement of compression ignition by spark ignition engines, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters (8.5 million gallons) per day overall, about 21 percent above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter (3.6 million gallon) equivalents per day, about 7 percent above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, ressionignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case we estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Fuel replacement by di-methyl ether yields the greatest overall reduction in NOx emissions, though all scenarios bring about PM10 reductions relative to the 2010 baseline, with greatest reductions from the first case described above and the least from fuel replacement by Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not formally evaluated.

Christopher L. Saraicks; Donald M. Rote; Frank Stodolsky; James J. Eberhardt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Investigation of the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesel Fuel Containing Butanol under the Conditions of Diesel Engine Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(17) However, emissions of engines fueled with multicomponent fuels containing fossil diesel, butanol, and rapeseed oil butyl/methyl esters have not been tested. ... Break specific fuel consumption when engine is fuelled with fossil diesel fuel (n = 1500 min?1). ... For all cases, engine torque was retained the same by adjusting fueling rate. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Egle Sendzikiene; Violeta Makareviciene

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

395

Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study- Tulare, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Success story about fuel cell power plants using wastewater treatment gas in Tulare, California. Presented by Frank Wolak, Fuel Cell Energy, at the NREL/DOE Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop held June 11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado.

396

Ethical Framework for Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ethically produced biofuels. An Ethical Duty to Develop Biofuels? Efforts to reduce energy consumption are...sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels...development of new biofuels that can satisfy...Lignocellulosics and algae are candidate...

Alena Buyx; Joyce Tait

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

397

Evaluation of Lake Erie Algae as Bio-fuel Feedstock.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Currently, transportation fuels are produced from continuously depleting fossil fuel sources. This calls for additional renewable sources that could be used for the production… (more)

Gottumukala, Vasudev

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Turning Bacteria into Fuel: Cyanobacteria Designed for Solar-Powered Highly Efficient Production of Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: ASU is engineering a type of photosynthetic bacteria that efficiently produce fatty acids—a fuel precursor for biofuels. This type of bacteria, called Synechocystis, is already good at converting solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) into a type of fatty acid called lauric acid. ASU has modified the organism so it continuously converts sunlight and CO2 into fatty acids—overriding its natural tendency to use solar energy solely for cell growth and maximizing the solar-to-fuel conversion process. ASU’s approach is different because most biofuels research focuses on increasing cellular biomass and not on excreting fatty acids. The project has also identified a unique way to convert the harvested lauric acid into a fuel that can be easily blended with existing transportation fuels.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

How Green Is your Fuel? Creation and Comparison of Automotive Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Creation and Comparison of Automotive Biofuels ... In recent years, biofuel development and use has risen significantly. ...

Eugene P. Wagner; Maura A. Koehle; Todd M. Moyle; Patrick D. Lambert

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

400

An overview of utilizing water-in-diesel emulsion fuel in diesel engine and its potential research study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need for more efficient energy usage and a less polluted environment are the prominent research areas that are currently being investigated by many researchers worldwide. Water-in-diesel emulsion fuel (W/D) is a promising alternative fuel that could fulfills such requests in that it can improve the combustion efficiency of a diesel engine and reduce harmful exhaust emission, especially nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). To date, there have been many W/D emulsion fuel studies, especially regarding performance, emissions and micro-explosion phenomena. This review paper gathers and discusses the recent advances in emulsion fuel studies in respect of the impact of W/D emulsion fuel on the performance and emission of diesel engines, micro-explosion phenomena especially the factors that affecting the onset and strength of micro-explosion process, and proposed potential research area in W/D emulsion fuel study. There is an inconsistency in the results reported from previous studies especially for the thermal efficiency, brake power, torque and specific fuel consumption. However, it is agreed by most of the studies that W/D does result in an improvement in these measurements when the total amount of diesel fuel in the emulsion is compared with that of the neat diesel fuel. \\{NOx\\} and PM exhaust gas emissions are greatly reduced by using the W/D emulsion fuel. Unburnt hydrocarbon (UHC) and carbon monoxide (CO) exhaust emissions are found to be increased by using the W/D emulsion fuel. The inconsistency of the experimental result can be related to the effects of the onset and the strength of the micro-explosion process. The factors that affect these measurements consist of the size of the dispersed water particle, droplet size of the emulsion, water-content in the emulsion, ambient temperature, ambient pressure, type and percentage of surfactant, type of diesel engine and engine operating conditions. Durability testing and developing the fuel production device that requires no/less surfactant are the potential research area that can be explored in future.

Ahmad Muhsin Ithnin; Hirofumi Noge; Hasannuddin Abdul Kadir; Wira Jazair

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Coal-liquid fuel/diesel engine operating compatibility. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This work is intended to assess the possibilities of using coal-derived liquids (CDL) represented by a specific type (SRC II) and shale-derived distillate fuel in blends of petroleum-derived fuels in medium-speed, high-output, heavy-duty diesel engines. Conclusions are as follows: (1) Blends of solvent refined coal and diesel fuel may be handled safely by experienced diesel engine mechanics. (2) A serious corrosion problem was found in the fuel pump parts when operating with solvent refined coal blended with petroleum. It is expected that a metallurgy change can overcome this problem. (3) Proper selection of materials for the fuel system is required to permit handling coal-derived liquid fuels. (4) A medium speed, high horsepower, 4-cycle diesel engine can be operated on blends of solvent refined coal and petroleum without serious consequences save the fuel system corrosion previously mentioned. This is based on a single, short durability test. (5) As represented by the product evaluated, 100% shale-derived distillate fuel may be used in a medium speed, high horsepower, 4-cycle diesel engine without significant consequences. (6) The shale product evaluated may be blended with petroleum distillate or petroleum residual materials and used as a fuel for medium speed, high horsepower, 4-cycle diesel engines. 7 references, 24 figures, 20 tables.

Hoffman, J.G.; Martin, F.W.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Some physiochemical tests of sunflower oil and no. 2 diesel oil as fuels  

SciTech Connect

The suitability of sunflower oil as a fuel for diesel engines was evaluated by determining the physiochemical properties of sunflower oil, No. 2 diesel and blends of both. This evaluation was accomplished by determining the American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity, cetane rating, heat of combustion, kinematic viscosity, pour point, cloud point, and water content of these fuels using methods specified by the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) for diesel fuels. These tests for petroleum products are designed to standardize results so comparisons can be made from one laboratory to another.

Ramdeen, P.; Backer, L.F.; Kaufman, K.R.; Kucera, H.L.; Moilanen, C.W.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Comparison Study of SPEA2+, SPEA2, and NSGA-II in Diesel Engine Emissions and Fuel Economy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison Study of SPEA2+, SPEA2, and NSGA-II in Diesel Engine Emissions and Fuel Economy Problem@mail.doshisha.ac.jp Abstract- Recently, the technology that can control NOx and Soot values of diesel engines by changing between fuel economy and NOx values. Therefore, the diesel engines that can change their characteristics

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

404

Fuel Property, Emission Test, and Operability Results from a Fleet of Class 6 Vehicles Operating on Gas-to-Liquid Fuel and Catalyzed Diesel Particle Filters  

SciTech Connect

A fleet of six 2001 International Class 6 trucks operating in southern California was selected for an operability and emissions study using gas-to-liquid (GTL) fuel and catalyzed diesel particle filters (CDPF). Three vehicles were fueled with CARB specification diesel fuel and no emission control devices (current technology), and three vehicles were fueled with GTL fuel and retrofit with Johnson Matthey's CCRT diesel particulate filter. No engine modifications were made.

Alleman, T. L.; Eudy, L.; Miyasato, M.; Oshinuga, A.; Allison, S.; Corcoran, T.; Chatterjee, S.; Jacobs, T.; Cherrillo, R. A.; Clark, R.; Virrels, I.; Nine, R.; Wayne, S.; Lansing, R.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Potential for Reduction of Exhaust Emissions in a Common-Rail Direct-Injection Diesel Engine by Fueling with Fischer–Tropsch Diesel Fuel Synthesized from Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the constant speed/varying load test modes, the use of CFT also resulted in a general reduction of regulated emissions. ... (5, 6) Moreover, FT diesel fuels can be used in contemporary diesel engines without any modification and with a negligible or weak improvement of engine efficiency. ... Liu, Z.; Shi, S.; Li, Y.Coal liquefaction technologies—Development in China and challenges in chemical reaction engineering Chem. ...

Chonglin Song; Guohong Gong; Jinou Song; Gang Lv; Xiaofeng Cao; Lidong Liu; Yiqiang Pei

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

Dual Fuel Diesel Engine Operation Using H2. Effect on Particulate Emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dual Fuel Diesel Engine Operation Using H2. ... School of Engineering, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom, Universidad de Castilla?La Mancha, Edificio Politecnico, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Avda. ... In diesel engines, the reduction of particulate emissions must be achieved in conjunction with the reduction of NOx emissions. ...

A. Tsolakis; J. J. Hernandez; A. Megaritis; M. Crampton

2005-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

407

Nanoparticle Emissions from a Heavy-Duty Engine Running on Alternative Diesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoparticle Emissions from a Heavy-Duty Engine Running on Alternative Diesel Fuels ... Neat vegetable oils or animal fats are not suitable for high-speed diesel engines, and thus a transesterification process is required to produce fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). ... General trends in size distribution measurements are shown in Figure 1. ...

Juha Heikkilä; Annele Virtanen; Topi Rönkkö; Jorma Keskinen; Päivi Aakko-Saksa; Timo Murtonen

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

408

2D Axisymmetric Coupled CFD-kinetics Modeling of a Nonthermal Arc Plasma Torch for Diesel Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-assisted diesel fuel reformer developed for two different applications: (i) onboard H2 production for fuel cell been also developed for different reforming reactors: solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)7 , membrane reformer1 2D Axisymmetric Coupled CFD-kinetics Modeling of a Nonthermal Arc Plasma Torch for Diesel Fuel

Boyer, Edmond

409

Characteristics of the performance and emissions of a HSDI diesel engine running with cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends with diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted to evaluate the use of various blends of cottonseed oil or its methyl ester (bio-diesel) with diesel fuel, in blend ratios from 10/90 up to 100/0, in a fully instrumented, four-stroke, High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI), Ricardo/Cussons 'Hydra' diesel engine. The tests were conducted using each of the above fuel blends or neat fuels, with the engine working at a medium and a high load. Volumetric fuel consumption, exhaust smokiness and exhaust-regulated gas emissions such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and unburnt hydrocarbons were measured. The differences in the performance and exhaust emissions from the baseline operation of the engine, that is, when working with neat diesel fuel, were determined and compared, as well as the differences between cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends. Theoretical aspects of diesel engine combustion were used to aid the correct interpretation of the engine behaviour.

Constantine D. Rakopoulos; Kimon A. Antonopoulos; Dimitrios C. Rakopoulos; Emmanuel C. Kakaras; Efthimios G. Pariotis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Measured effect of wind generation on the fuel consumption of an isolated diesel power system  

SciTech Connect

The Block Island Power Company (BIPCO), on Block Island, Rhode Island, operates an isolated electric power system consisting of diesel generation and an experimental wind turbine. The 150-kW wind turbine, designated MOD-OA by the U.S. Department of Energy is typically operated in parallel with two diesel generators to serve an average winter load of 350 kW. Wind generation serves up to 60% of the system demand depending on wind speed and total system load. Results of diesel fuel consumption measurements are given for the diesel units operated in parallel with the wind turbine and again without the wind turbine. The fuel consumption data are used to calculate the amount of fuel displaced by wind energy. Results indicate that the wind turbine displaced 25,700 lbs. of the diesel fuel during the test period, representing a calculated reduction in fuel consumption of 6.7% while generating 11% of the total electrical energy. The amount of displaced fuel depends on operating conditions and system load. It is also shown that diesel engine throttle activity resulting from wind gusts which rapidly change the wind turbine output do not significantly influence fuel consumption.

Stiller, P.; Scott, G.; Shaltens, R.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A critical review of bio-diesel as a vehicular fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of vegetable oils as alternative fuels has been around for one hundred years when the inventor of the diesel engine Rudolph Diesel first tested peanut oil, in his compression-ignition engine. In 1970, scientists discovered that the viscosity of vegetable oils could be reduced by a simple chemical process and that it could perform as diesel fuel in modern engine. Considerable efforts have been made to develop vegetable oil derivatives that approximate the properties and performance of the hydrocarbon-based diesel fuels. Bio-diesel is an alternative to petroleum-based fuels derived from vegetable oils, animal fats, and used waste cooking oil including triglycerides. Bio-diesel production is a very modern and technological area for researchers due to the relevance that it is winning everyday because of the increase in the petroleum price and the environmental advantages. Transesterification is the most common method and leads to monoalkyl esters of vegetable oils and fats, now called bio-diesel when used for fuel purposes.

Mustafa Balat; Havva Balat

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

74.6 77.3 90.7 86.5 77.3 68.4 See footnotes at end of table. 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States Energy Information...

413

Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

70.4 69.1 87.1 75.2 71.6 61.0 See footnotes at end of table. 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States Energy Information...

414

Table 17. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 17. U.S. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content and Sales Type Energy Information Administration ...

415

Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Emissions tests of in-use heavy-duty vehicles showed that, natural gas- and propane-fueled vehicles have high emissions of NH3 and CO, compared to diesel vehicles, while meeting certification requirements

416

A Universal Dual-Fuel Controller for OEM/Aftermarket Diesel Engineswit...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Active DPF for Off-Road Particulate Matter (PM) Control Propane-Diesel Dual Fuel for CO2 and Nox Reduction DPF for a Tractor Auxiliary Power Unit...

417

Wear mechanism and wear prevention in coal-fueled diesel engines. Task 7, Extended wear testing  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, interest has arisen in the development of coal-fired diesel engines for the purpose of efficiently utilizing the extensive coal reserves in the United States, and therefore reducing dependence on foreign oil. One process, which is being considered for use in producing clean coal fuel products involves mild gasification. This process produces by-products which can be further refined and, when blended with neat diesel fuel, used as an engine fuel. The purpose of this task was to test a blend of this coal liquid and diesel fuel (referred to as coal-lite) in an engine, and determine if any detrimental results were observed. This was done by performing a back-to-back performance and emission test of neat diesel fuel and the coal-lite fuel, followed by a 500-hour test of the coal-lite fuel, and completed by a back-to-back performance and emission test of the coal-lite fuel and neat diesel fuel.

Wakenell, J.F.; Fritz, S.G.; Schwalb, J.A.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Wear mechanism and wear prevention in coal-fueled diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, interest has arisen in the development of coal-fired diesel engines for the purpose of efficiently utilizing the extensive coal reserves in the United States, and therefore reducing dependence on foreign oil. One process, which is being considered for use in producing clean coal fuel products involves mild gasification. This process produces by-products which can be further refined and, when blended with neat diesel fuel, used as an engine fuel. The purpose of this task was to test a blend of this coal liquid and diesel fuel (referred to as coal-lite) in an engine, and determine if any detrimental results were observed. This was done by performing a back-to-back performance and emission test of neat diesel fuel and the coal-lite fuel, followed by a 500-hour test of the coal-lite fuel, and completed by a back-to-back performance and emission test of the coal-lite fuel and neat diesel fuel.

Wakenell, J.F.; Fritz, S.G.; Schwalb, J.A.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuel from nonpetroleum resources  

SciTech Connect

In late 1985, the New Zealand Gas-to-Gasoline Complex was successfully streamed producing high octane gasoline from natural gas. The heart of this complex is the Mobil fixed-bed Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) section which represents one of several newly developed technologies for production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels. All of these technologies are based on production of methanol by conventional technology, followed by conversion of the methanol to transportation fuel. The fixed-bed (MTG) process has been developed and commercialized. The fluid-bed version of the MTG process, which is now also available for commercial license, has a higher thermal efficiency and possesses substantial yield and octane number advantages over the fixed-bed. Successful scale-up was completed in 1984 in a 100 BPD semi-works plant in Wesseling, Federal Republic of Germany. The project was funded jointly by the U.S. and German governments and by the industrial participants: Mobil, Union Rheinsche Braunkohlen Kraftstoff, AG; and Uhde, GmbH. This fluid-bed MTG project was extended recently to demonstrate a related fluid-bed process for selective conversion of methanol to olefins (MTO). The MTO process can be combined with Mobil's commercially available olefins conversion process (Mobil-Olefins-to-Gasoline-and-Distillate, MOGD) for coproduction of high quality gasoline and distillate via methanol. This MTO process was also successfully demonstrated at the Wesseling semiworks with this project being completed in late 1985.

Tabak, S.A.; Avidan, A.A.; Krambeck, F.J.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Operating temperature effects on nozzle coking in a cottonseed oil fueled diesel engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPERATING TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON NOZZLE COKING IN A COTTONSEED OIL FUELED DIESEL ENGINE A Thesis CHARLES MICHAEL YARBROUGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree cf... MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1984 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering OPERATING TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON NOZZLE CORING IN A COTTONSEED OIL FUELED DIESEL ENGINE A Thesis by CHARLES MICHAEL YARBROUGH Approved as to style and content by: ayne A. Le...

Yarbrough, Charles Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Methodology for Formulating Diesel Surrogate Fuels with Accurate Compositional, Ignition-Quality, and Volatility Characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

? Marathon Petroleum Company, Main Street, Findlay, Ohio, 45840 ... We have applied this method on product streams such as finished fuels (gasoline, diesel fuels, aviation fuels, rocket propellants), crude oils (including a crude oil made from swine manure) and waste oil streams (used automotive and transformer oils). ...

Charles J. Mueller; William J. Cannella; Thomas J. Bruno; Bruce Bunting; Heather D. Dettman; James A. Franz; Marcia L. Huber; Mani Natarajan; William J. Pitz; Matthew A. Ratcliff; Ken Wright

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

An investigation of diesel–ignited propane dual fuel combustion in a heavy-duty diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a detailed experimental analysis of diesel–ignited propane dual fuel combustion on a 12.9-l, six-cylinder, production heavy-duty diesel engine. Gaseous propane was fumigated upstream of the turbocharger air inlet and ignited using direct injection of diesel sprays. Results are presented for brake mean effective pressures (BMEP) from 5 to 20 bar and different percent energy substituted (PES) by propane at a constant engine speed of 1500 rpm. The effect of propane PES on apparent heat release rates, combustion phasing and duration, fuel conversion and combustion efficiencies, and engine-out emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx), smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), and total unburned hydrocarbons (HC) were investigated. Exhaust particle number concentrations and size distributions were also quantified for diesel–ignited propane combustion. With stock engine parameters, the maximum propane PES was limited to 86%, 60%, 33%, and 25% at 5, 10, 15, and 20 bar BMEPs, respectively, either by high maximum pressure rise rates (MPRR) or by excessive HC and CO emissions. With increasing PES, while fuel conversion efficiencies increased slightly at high \\{BMEPs\\} or decreased at low BMEPs, combustion efficiencies uniformly decreased. Also, with increasing PES, \\{NOx\\} and smoke emissions were generally decreased but these reductions were accompanied by higher HC and CO emissions. Exhaust particle number concentrations decreased with increasing PES at low loads but showed the opposite trends at higher loads. At 10 bar BMEP, by adopting a different fueling strategy, the maximum possible propane PES was extended to 80%. Finally, a limited diesel injection timing study was performed to identify the optimal operating conditions for the best efficiency-emissions-MPRR tradeoffs.

Andrew C. Polk; Chad D. Carpenter; Kalyan Kumar Srinivasan; Sundar Rajan Krishnan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Hybrid combustion-premixed gasoline homogeneous charge ignited by injected diesel fuel-4-stroke cycle engines  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the formation and testing of two hybrid combustion engines, wherein a premixed gasoline homogeneous charge was ignited by a small amount of injected diesel fuel under high compression ratio, by modifying open chamber and prechamber 4-stroke cycle diesel engines. It was found that the premixed gasoline was effective not only for decreasing the fuel consumption but also for reducing the smoke density both in the heavy and over-load regions. The effect of introducing a small amount N/sub 2/ gas for suppressing the diesel knock in the heavy load region also was examined.

Yonetani, H.; Okanishi, N.; Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hydrothermal processing of high-lipid biomass to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-lipid algae are potential sources of biofuels. Lipids in this biomass provide a straightforward chemical route to hydrocarbon-based high energy-density fuels needed for diesel and jet engines. However, current schemes ...

Johnson, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Alcoholic biofuels as an admixture component for conventional and alternative diesel combustion processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biogenic admixture increases the possible savings in carbon dioxide emissions and reduces the dependency on fossil fuels. In this context especially alcohols not only provide the opportunity to optimize the tr...

Dipl.-Ing. Michael Kaack; Dr.-Ing. Christian Weiskirch…

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Effects of altitude and fuel oxygen content on the performance of a high pressure common rail diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The change of intake oxygen content caused by altitude variation and the change of fuel oxygen content both affect the performance of diesel engines. In this paper, comparative experiments were performed on a high pressure common rail diesel engine fueled with pure diesel and biodiesel–ethanol–diesel (abbreviated as BED) blends with oxygen content of 2%, 2.5%, and 3.2% in mass percentage at different atmospheric pressures of 81 kPa, 90 kPa, and 100 kPa. Moreover, in order to study the effect of different fuel blends with the same oxygen content on the performance of the diesel engine, tests were conducted on the diesel engine fueled with the BED blend and a biodiesel–diesel (abbreviated as BD) blend at 81 kPa ambient pressure. The experimental results indicate that the influence of altitude variation on the full-load engine brake torque is not significant when the pure diesel fuel is used. With the increase of BED fuel oxygen content, the engine brake torque reduces. When the pure diesel fuel is used, with the increase of atmospheric pressure, the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) decreases. As the fuel oxygen content increases, there is no significant difference in brake specific fuel consumption of the BED blends. And the values of brake specific energy consumption (BSEC) gradually decrease. Soot emissions of the diesel engine decrease with the increase of atmospheric pressure and fuel oxygen content. The effect of soot emission reduction by increasing the oxygen content of the fuel is more significant than the effect of increasing atmospheric pressure. The effects of BD and BED fuels with basically the same oxygen content on the full-load performance, fuel economy, and soot emissions of the diesel engine are different. The BSFC and soot emissions of the BED fuel are lower than those of the BD fuel.

Shaohua Liu; Lizhong Shen; Yuhua Bi; Jilin Lei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Combustion and emission characteristics of a turbocharged diesel engine using high premixed ratio of methanol and diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The combustion and emission characteristics of a dual fuel diesel engine with high premixed ratio of methanol (PRm) were investigated. Experiments were performed on a 6-cylinder turbocharged, inter-cooling diesel engine. Methanol was injected through the intake port and ignited by direct injected diesel in the cylinder, the maximum \\{PRm\\} was over 70%. The experimental results showed that with high PRm, the maximum in-cylinder pressure increased from medium to high engine load but varied little or even decreased at low engine speed and load. High \\{PRm\\} prolonged the ignition delay but shortened the combustion duration and decreased the in-cylinder gas temperature at ignition timing. Hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), formaldehyde emissions and the proportion of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in nitrogen oxides (NOX) increased significantly with the increase of \\{PRm\\} while NOX and dry soot emissions were significantly reduced, which meant the trade-off relationship between NOX and soot emissions disappeared. The increased HC, CO and formaldehyde emissions could be effectively reduced by diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) when the exhaust gas temperature reached the light off temperature of the DOC. After DOC, the NO2 proportion in NOX was greatly reduced to less than that of baseline engine at methanol premixed mode but increased slightly at pure diesel mode. The maximum \\{PRm\\} was confined by in-cylinder pressure at high engine speed and load. But at low engine speed and load, it was confined by the high emissions of HC, CO and formaldehyde even after DOC.

Lijiang Wei; Chunde Yao; Quangang Wang; Wang Pan; Guopeng Han

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Vehicle-emission characteristics using mechanically emulsified alcohol/diesel fuels  

SciTech Connect

A light-duty diesel vehicle fueled with an emulsified alcohol/diesel fuel was operated under cyclic mode. Emission and fuel economy measurements were taken during vehicle operation. The test results showed the volumetric fuel economy decreased slightly. Carbon monoxide emissions increased slightly, and oxides of nitrogen showed no significant change. Particulate emissions were reduced slightly, and the particulate extractables increased slightly. The environmental effect of these data cancel each other resulting in no significant changes in the total release of biological activity into the environment.

Allsup, J.R.; Seizinger, D.E.; Cox, F.W.; Brook, A.L.; McClellan, R.O.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Diesel Technology - Challenges & Opportunities for North America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

diesel entries Passenger car and Class 1 truck diesel sales fall off quickly as diesel fuel price advantage disappears, overall fuel costs drop, and fuel rationing ceases ...

430

BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.nrel.gov/bioenergyatlas Country: United States Web Application Link: maps.nrel.gov/biomass Cost: Free UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

Assessment of the use of oxygenated fuels on emissions and performance of a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Requirements as torque, power, specific fuel consumption and emitted compounds are highly influenced by the chemical composition of the fuel being burned. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the use of oxygenated fuels on emissions of NOx, CO, HC, CO2 and particle number and size distribution (11.5 diesel engine coupled to a dynamometer bench was used, where three types of fuels were employed, B5 (diesel with 5% of biodiesel); B5E6 (ternary composition containing 89% diesel, 5% of biodiesel and 6% of ethanol); and B100 (100% of biodiesel). The performance of a diesel engine was also evaluated to see the impact of the oxygenated fuels in this kind of engine. The use of ethanol with high latent heat of vaporization and low cetane number added to the binary blend (B5) shown an increase in the HC emissions and a reduction in \\{NOx\\} emissions when compared to B5. The use of pure biodiesel (B100) with high oxygen content showed a reduction in the HC emissions, but presented the highest emissions for both \\{NOx\\} and particle number of smaller diameter among the studied fuels. The use of more oxygenated fuels reduced the power output and increased the fuel consumption, but the exergy analysis showed that the energy efficiency of these fuels could be considered similar to the B5 fuel.

Lílian Lefol Nani Guarieiro; Egídio Teixeira de Almeida Guerreiro; Keize Katiane dos Santos Amparo; Victor Bonfim Manera; Ana Carla D. Regis; Aldenor Gomes Santos; Vitor P. Ferreira; Danilo J. Leão; Ednildo A. Torres; Jailson B. de Andrade

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Premixed ignition behavior of alternative diesel fuel-relevant compounds in a motored engine experiment  

SciTech Connect

A motored engine study using premixed charges of fuel and air at a wide range of diesel-relevant equivalence ratios was performed to investigate autoignition differences among surrogates for conventional diesel fuel, gas-to-liquid (GTL) diesel fuel, and biodiesel, as well as n-heptane. Experiments were performed by delivering a premixed charge of vaporized fuel and air and increasing the compression ratio in a stepwise manner to increase the extent of reaction while monitoring the exhaust composition via Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry and collecting condensable exhaust gas for subsequent gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis. Each fuel demonstrated a two-stage ignition process, with a low-temperature heat release (LTHR) event followed by the main combustion, or high-temperature heat release (HTHR). Among the three diesel-relevant fuels, the magnitude of LTHR was highest for GTL diesel, followed by methyl decanoate, and conventional diesel fuel last. FTIR analysis of the exhaust for n-heptane, the conventional diesel surrogate, and the GTL diesel surrogate revealed that LTHR produces high concentrations of aldehydes and CO while producing only negligible amounts of CO{sub 2}. Methyl decanoate differed from the other two-stage ignition fuels only in that there were significant amounts of CO{sub 2} produced during LTHR; this was the result of decarboxylation of the ester group, not the result of oxidation. GC/MS analysis of LTHR exhaust condensate for n-heptane revealed high concentrations of 2,5-heptanedione, a di-ketone that can be closely tied to species in existing autoignition models for n-heptane. GC/MS analysis of the LTHR condensate for conventional diesel fuel and GTL diesel fuel revealed a series of high molecular weight aldehydes and ketones, which were expected, as well as a series of organic acids, which are not commonly reported as products of combustion. The GC/MS analysis of the methyl decanoate exhaust condensate revealed that the aliphatic chain acts similarly to n-paraffins during LTHR, while the ester group remains intact. Thus, although the FTIR data revealed that decarboxylation occurs at significant levels for methyl decanoate, it was concluded that this occurs after the aliphatic chain has been largely consumed by other LTHR reactions. (author)

Szybist, James P.; Boehman, Andre L.; Haworth, Daniel C. [Pennsylvania State University, Fuel Science Program, 405 Academic Activities Building, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Koga, Hibiki [Honda R and D Company, Ltd., Asaka-shi, Saitama 351-0024 (Japan)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Diesel Reforming for Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units  

SciTech Connect

This objective of this project was to develop technology suitable for onboard reforming of diesel. The approach was to examine catalytic partial oxidation and steam reforming.

Borup, R.; Parkinson, W. J.; Inbody, M.; Brosha, E.L.; Guidry, D.R.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

434

Diesel Health Impacts & Recent Comparisons to Other Fuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ALAPCO, 2000) * Studies in California reveal that more than 70% of cancer risk from air pollution comes from diesel exhaust alone. (SCAQMD, MATES II, 2000) * A recent...

435

Analysis and Simulation of Fuel Consumption and Energy Throughput on a Parallel Diesel-Electric Hybrid Powertrain.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this master thesis is to study the energy throughput and fuel consumption of a parallel diesel-electric hybrid vehicle. This has been done… (more)

Gustafsson, Johanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Impact of Real Field Diesel Quality Variability on Engine Emissions and Fuel Consumption Solutions for Onboard Optimisation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A matrix of 10 diesel fuels was prepared and tested to establish an optimized ECU setting and a compensating algorithm for the engine.

437

Time-temperature-concentration matrix for induced sediment formation in shale diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

Deterioration in fuel quality during storage has been a major problem with utilization of middle distillate fuels. In this work, the relationships between time, temperature, and concentration of dimethylpyrrole (DMP) to the formation of insoluble sediments are investigated. A common reaction pathway appears to exist for DMP-promoted sedimentation in diesel fuel. A high-precision gravimetric method of fuel storage stability determination has been developed.

Cooney, J.V.; Beal, E.J.; Hazlett, R.N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

An experimental investigation of Perkins A63544 diesel engine performance using D-Series fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reports the results of an investigation using a newly developed fuel mixture called ‘D-Series fuel’ on a Perkins A63544 direct injection diesel engine. The biodiesel and bioethanol fuels were added to diesel fuel in a manner that specifications of the formed mixture did not change considerably. The performance of the engine under test was then evaluated without any modification or change in engine components and systems using the D-Series fuel. The obtained data was statistically analyzed using two factors completely randomized design to study the effects of the engine speeds and fuel blend types on the engine power, torque, and specific fuel consumption. The analysis of variance showed that the engine speeds and fuel types had statistically significant effects at 1% probability level (P engine power, torque and specific fuel consumption. The mean values of engine power were increased in the range of 59.14–69.5 kW with increasing the engine speed. The engine power did not show significant difference for all the fuel blends except for the D65B25E10, 65% diesel, 25% biodiesel and 10% bioethanol, blend which decreased the engine power. The engine torque was decreased with increasing the engine speed for all the fuel blends in range of 319–296 N m. The maximum torque reduction was about 25 N m for neat petro-diesel fuel. The engine torque was decreased significantly (P engine speed ranged from 1600 to 2000 rpm. The engine specific fuel consumption was increased significantly when the engine speed ranged from 1900 to 2000 rpm. The engine specific fuel consumption was greater for all the fuel blends when compared to neat diesel fuel. The D93B5E2 fuel blend could be suggested as an appropriate alternative for neat petro-diesel fuel, though the D86B10E4 and D79B15E6 blends could be also suggested for greater ratios of biodiesel and bioethanol application in D-Series fuel application.

Seyed Reza Hassan-beygi; Vahideh Istan; Barat Ghobadian; Mohammad Aboonajmi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Economics and Impact of Manure and Composted Manure On Soil Quality and Yield Compared to Chemical Fertilizer Among Potential Bio-Fuel Crops.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objectives of this study were to determine if poultry litter applications at equal rates as inorganic commercial fertilizers to potential bio-fuel crops in Oklahoma… (more)

Fine, Scott Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Development of OTM Syngas Process and Testing of Syngas Derived Ultra-clean Fuels in Diesel Engines and Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect

This topical report summarizes work accomplished for the Program from November 1, 2001 to December 31, 2002 in the following task areas: Task 1: Materials Development; Task 2: Composite Development; Task 4: Reactor Design and Process Optimization; Task 8: Fuels and Engine Testing; 8.1 International Diesel Engine Program; 8.2 Nuvera Fuel Cell Program; and Task 10: Program Management. Major progress has been made towards developing high temperature, high performance, robust, oxygen transport elements. In addition, a novel reactor design has been proposed that co-produces hydrogen, lowers cost and improves system operability. Fuel and engine testing is progressing well, but was delayed somewhat due to the hiatus in program funding in 2002. The Nuvera fuel cell portion of the program was completed on schedule and delivered promising results regarding low emission fuels for transportation fuel cells. The evaluation of ultra-clean diesel fuels continues in single cylinder (SCTE) and multiple cylinder (MCTE) test rigs at International Truck and Engine. FT diesel and a BP oxygenate showed significant emissions reductions in comparison to baseline petroleum diesel fuels. Overall through the end of 2002 the program remains under budget, but behind schedule in some areas.

E.T. (Skip) Robinson; James P. Meagher; Prasad Apte; Xingun Gui; Tytus R. Bulicz; Siv Aasland; Charles Besecker; Jack Chen Bart A. van Hassel; Olga Polevaya; Rafey Khan; Piyush Pilaniwalla

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Mathematical modelling and simulation of biofuel cells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bio-fuel cells are driven by diverse and abundant bio-fuels and biological catalysts. The production/consumption cycle of bio-fuels is considered to be carbon neutral and, in… (more)

Osman, Mohamad Hussein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels are created and produced. The company has a proprietary technology for converting solar thermal en- ergy (the sun's heat) to fuel (e.g., gasoline, diesel, hydrogen

Jawitz, James W.

443

Fast start-up of a diesel fuel processor for PEM fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fuel cell systems based on liquid fuels are particularly suitable for auxiliary power generation due to the high energy density of the fuel and its easy storage. Together with industrial partners, Oel-Waerme-Institut is developing a 3 kWel PEM fuel cell system based on diesel steam reforming to be applied as an APU for caravans and yachts. The start-up time of a fuel cell APU is of crucial importance since a buffer battery has to supply electric power until the system is ready to take over. Therefore, the start-up time directly affects the battery capacity and consequently the system size, weight, and cost. In the presented work a novel start-up strategy for the steam reforming fuel processor is introduced. The new approach includes the reactive heating of WGS reactors by using reformate from oxidative steam reforming (OSR) instead of the sequential heating of the fuel processor. The start-up procedure is demonstrated on a 10 kW steam reformer and a parameter study is carried out. Subsequently, the new procedure is tested on the complete fuel processor. Here, the OSR operation starts after 15:20 min and provides reformate for reactive heating of the WGS reactors. Steam reforming operation can be started after 23:40 min, which is 9 min earlier than applying sequential heating of the fuel processor. Until SR operation, the total energy consumption sums up to up to 5.9 MJ fuel and 13 Ah (12 V) electric energy.

Marius Maximini; Philip Engelhardt; Martin Brenner; Frank Beckmann; Oliver Moritz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Chemical factors affecting insolubles formation in shale-derived diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to define the stability of shale-derived diesel fuel, the authors have conducted gravimetric accelerated storage stability tests at 43 and 80/sup 0/C using three model nitrogen compounds, 2-methylpyridine, 2,6-dimethylquinoline and dodecahydrocarbazole, as dopants in an otherwise stable shale diesel fuel. Also, information about potential interactive effects has been defined for these three model nitrogen compounds in the stable fuel in the presence of a second model dopant (a hydroperocide, organic acid or base).

Beal, E.J.; Cooney, J.V.; Hazlett, R.N.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Combustion of the alternative marine diesel fuel LCO in large diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large diesel engines represent the heart of the ships, which transport worldwide about 80 % of the goods over the sea route these days. Regimentations of the IMO are planning drastic reductions of nitrogen oxi...

Dipl.-Ing. Daniel Struckmeier; Prof. Dr.-Ing. Koji Takasaki…

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Operation of Marine Diesel Engines on Biogenic Fuels: Modification of Emissions and Resulting Climate Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modification of emissions of climate-sensitive exhaust compounds such as CO2, NOx, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter from medium-speed marine diesel engines was studied for a set of fossil and biogenic fuels. Applied fossil fuels were the reference ...

Andreas Petzold; Peter Lauer; Uwe Fritsche; Jan Hasselbach; Michael Lichtenstern; Hans Schlager; Fritz Fleischer

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Life Cycle Inventory Energy Consumption and Emissions for Biodiesel versus Petroleum Diesel Fueled Construction Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle Inventory Energy Consumption and Emissions for Biodiesel versus Petroleum Diesel Fueled Construction Vehicles ... In general, LCI emissions of HC and CO are lower if NSPS-compliant soyoil plants are used. ... The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a methodology for characterizing at high resolution the energy use and emissions of a plug-in parallel-hybrid diesel-electric school bus (PHSB) to support assessments of sensitivity to driving cycles and ... ...

Shih-Hao Pang; H. Christopher Frey; William J. Rasdorf

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

Effect of Fuel Injection Pressure on a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Nonvolatile Particle Emission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effect of Fuel Injection Pressure on a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Nonvolatile Particle Emission ... (4, 9, 10) Recently, we have found nonvolatile core particles in the exhaust of heavy-duty diesel vehicles and engines also at high load conditions. ... On the basis of the thermodynamic behavior, particle core material has been inferred to be solid in room temperature,(4, 6, 10) but the character of the particles in general is still an open question. ...

Tero Lähde; Topi Rönkkö; Matti Happonen; Christer Söderström; Annele Virtanen; Anu Solla; Matti Kytö; Dieter Rothe; Jorma Keskinen

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Performance Characterization of a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine with Bio-Diesel and Petroleum Diesel Fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the wake of global warming and fossil fuel depletion, renewed attention has been paid to shifting away from the use of petroleum based fuels.… (more)

Esquivel, Jason

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Experimental investigation of regulated and unregulated emissions from a diesel engine fueled with ultralow-sulfur diesel fuel blended with ethanol and dodecanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted on a four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine using ultralow-sulfur diesel as the main fuel, ethanol as the oxygenate additive and dodecanol as the solvent, to investigate the regulated and unregulated emissions of the engine under five engine loads at an engine speed of 1800 rev min?1. Blended fuels containing 6.1%, 12.2%, 18.2% and 24.2% by volume of ethanol, corresponding to 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% by mass of oxygen in the blended fuel, were used. The results indicate that with an increase in ethanol in the fuel, the brake specific fuel consumption becomes higher while there is little change in the brake thermal efficiency. Regarding the regulated emissions, HC and CO increase significantly at low engine load but might decrease at high engine load, \\{NOx\\} emission slightly decreases at low engine load but slightly increases at high engine load, while particulate mass decreases significantly at high engine load. For the unregulated gaseous emissions, unburned ethanol and acetaldehyde increase but formaldehyde, ethene, ethyne, 1,3-butadiene and BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) in general decrease, especially at high engine load. A diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) is found to reduce significantly most of the pollutants, including the air toxics.

C.S. Cheung; Yage Di; Zuohua Huang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming of Diesel Fuel by Nonthermal Arc Discharge for NOx Trap Regeneration Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhaust Gas Fuel Reforming of Diesel Fuel by Nonthermal Arc Discharge for NOx Trap Regeneration Application ... It has been demonstrated that low current arc discharges are highly nonhomogenous. ... In the second case, which corresponds to the most favorable one, assuming (i) a 100 kW car engine thermal power (i.e., 40 kW mechanical power), (ii) that the plasma will treat only a small fraction of the exhaust gas (typically 3.5%), (iii) that the plasma will operate under a cycling operating mode, and (iv) an 80% efficiency for the onboard production of electricity from the car engine, one can estimate that the electric power needed to run the plasma will be around 2.2% of the engine power only during 12 s every 11 km (6.8 miles), that is, 12 s every 6 min assuming a 110 km·h?1 (68 mph) average car velocity. ...

Alexandre Lebouvier; Franc?ois Fresnet; Fre?de?ric Fabry; Vale?rie Boch; Vandad Rohani; Franc?ois Cauneau; Laurent Fulcheri

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effects of Bioethanol-Blended Diesel Fuel on Combustion and Emission Reduction Characteristics in a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine with Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Sungdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea ... As a fuel for compression engines, bioethanol-blended diesel fuels have some different trends on the exhaust emission characteristics according to the engine load. ... The paper begins with an introduction of general information on the nature of emissions of exhaust gases, including the toxicity and causes of emissions for both spark-ignition and diesel engines. ...

Su Han Park; Junepyo Cha; Chang Sik Lee

2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

453

On-Board Ammonia Generation Using Delphi Diesel Fuel Reformer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

454

Optical-Engine Study of a Low-Temperature Combustion Strategy Employing a Dual-Row, Narrow-Included-Angle Nozzle and Early, Direct Injection of Diesel Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Insight into mechanisms causing observed sharp emissions increase with diesel fuel injection is gained through experiments in an optical engine employing a similar low-temperature combustion strategy of early, direct injection of diesel fuel.

455

Ignition quality determination of diesel fuels from hydrogen type distribution of hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogen types of diesel like hydrocarbon fuels which have dominant effect on the ignition quality have been identified. A scheme of characterizing the chemistry of hydrocarbon fuels in terms of these hydrogen types using proton nuclear resonance spectrometry has been proposed. Using this analysis technique on 70 different diesel fuels, whose cetane numbers were determined on a number of standard cetane rating engines, an empirical expression which relates the ignition quality to the hydrogen type distribution of the fuels has been developed. The developed expression and the relationship between the ignition delay and cetane number imply that the effective activation energy term in the usual semiempirical ignition delay expression is not a constant for a given fuel but is a function of pressure and temperature as well as the fuel chemistry.

Gulder, O.L.; Glavincevski, B.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Coal fueled diesel system for stationary power applications-technology development  

SciTech Connect

The use of coal as a fuel for diesel engines dates back to the early days of the development of the engine. Dr. Diesel envisioned his concept as a multi-fuel engine, with coal a prime candidate due to the fact that it was Germany`s primary domestic energy resource. It is interesting that the focus on coal burning diesel engines appears to peak about every twenty years as shortages of other energy resources increase the economic attractiveness of using coal. This periodic interest in coal started in Germany with the work of Diesel in the timeframe 1898-1906. Pawlikowski carried on the work from 1916 to 1928. Two German companies commercialized the technology prior to and during World War II. The next flurry of activity occurred in the United States in the period from 1957-69, with work done at Southwest Research Institute, Virginia Polytechnical University, and Howard University. The current period of activity started in 1978 with work sponsored by the Conservation and Renewable Energy Branch of the US Department of Energy. This work was done at Southwest Research Institute and by ThermoElectron at Sulzer Engine in Switzerland. In 1982, the Fossil Energy Branch of the US Department of Energy, through the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) initiated a concentrated effort to develop coal burning diesel and gas turbine engines. The diesel engine work in the METC sponsored program was performed at Arthur D. Little (Cooper-Bessemer as subcontractor), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (now NIPER), Caterpillar, Detroit Diesel Corporation, General Motor Corporation (Electromotive Division), General Electric, Southwest Research Institute, and various universities and other research and development organizations. This DOE-METC coal engine RD & D initiative which spanned the 1982-1993 timeframe is the topic of this review document. The combustion of a coal-water fuel slurry in a diesel engine is described. The engine modifications necessary are discussed.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Fate in the Marine Environment of a Minor Diesel Fuel Spill from an Antarctic Research Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monitoring was undertaken of the fate in the marine environment of an accidental spill of diesel fuel (1000 litres) from Faraday Research Station, ... local background levels within one week. The fuel had an imme...

G. C. Cripps; J. Shears

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engines Fueled with Diesel?Dimethoxymethane (DMM) Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although application of high-pressure injection and common rail system can reduce both NOx and PM emissions, the expense is also very high and unaffordable for many engine producers and consumers, especially for diesel engines widely applied for agricultural machinery, most of which are single-cylinder and of low price. ... Fleisch et al.,(2) Kapus and Ofner,(3) and Sorenson and Mikkelsen(4) have studied DME in a modified diesel engine, and their results showed that the engine could meet ultra-low emission levels without a fundamental change in the combustion systems. ... Heywood, J. B. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1988. ...

Ruijun Zhu; Xibin Wang; Haiyan Miao; Zuohua Huang; Jing Gao; Deming Jiang

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

459

Combustion characteristics of dry coal-powder-fueled adiabatic diesel engine: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the progress and findings of a research program aimed at investigating the combustion characteristics of dry coal powder fueled diesel engine. During this program, significant achievements were made in overcoming many problems facing the coal-powder-fueled engine. The Thermal Ignition Combustion System (TICS) concept was used to enhance the combustion of coal powder fuel. The major coal-fueled engine test results and accomplishments are as follows: design, fabrication and engine testing of improved coal feed system for fumigation of coal powder to the intake air; design, fabrication and engine testing of the TICS chamber made from a superalloy material (Hastelloy X); design, fabrication and engine testing of wear resistant chrome oxide ceramic coated piston rings and cylinder liner; lubrication system was improved to separate coal particles from the contaminated lubricating oil; control of the ignition timing of fumigated coal powder by utilizing exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and variable TICS chamber temperature; coal-fueled engine testing was conducted in two configurations: dual fuel (with diesel pilot) and 100% coal-fueled engine without diesel pilot or heated intake air; cold starting of the 100% coal-powder-fueled engine with a glow plug; and coal-fueled-engine was operated from 800 to 1800 rpm speed and idle to full load engine conditions.

Kakwani, R.M.; Kamo, R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Influence of Biodiesel Fuel on the Combustion and Emission Formation in a Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The injector needle lift trace at low engine speed was almost identical for both fuels, while at maximum engine speed, a shorter injection delay was observed for biodiesel fuel and the injector needle opened earlier as with D2 fuel. ... Figure 1 Comparison of the engine torque (M), fuel consumption (Gh), and brake specific energy consumption (ge) at full load for biodiesel fuel (BD) and D2 fuel in (a) TAM and (b) MAN engines. ... (7)?Sanatore, A.; Cardone, M.; Rocco, V.; Prati, M. V. A comparative analysis of combustion process in DI diesel engine fueled with biodiesel and diesel fuel. ...

Ales Hribernik; Breda Kegl

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bio-diesel is favored in several European countries, ethanol dominates the majority of the world biofuel market,

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bio-diesel is favored in several European countries, ethanol dominates the majority of the world biofuel market,

Fortman, J. L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Update on Transition to Ultra-Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On November 8, 2005, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator signed a direct final rule that will shift the retail compliance date for offering ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) for highway use from September 1, 2006, to October 15, 2006. The change will allow more time for retail outlets and terminals to comply with the new 15 parts per million (ppm) sulfur standard, providing time for entities in the diesel fuel distribution system to flush higher sulfur fuel out of the system during the transition. Terminals will have until September 1, 2006, to complete their transitions to ULSD. The previous deadline was July 15, 2006.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Determination of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid Methyl, Ethyl Esters, and Hydrocarbon Types in Diesel Fuels by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Research and Engineering, Paulsboro...determining total biodiesel methyl and...in diesel fuels by supercritical...mixture. Introduction The proposed use of biodiesel esters derived...as diesel fuel blending...of Total Biodiesel Fatty Acid...in Diesel Fuels by Supercritical...Research and Engineering, Paulsboro......

John W. Diehl; Frank P. DiSanzo

465

Exhaust emissions characteristics of a multi-cylinder 18.1-L diesel engine converted to fueled with natural gas and diesel pilot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A six-cylinder, turbocharged and aftercooled diesel engine was converted to operate with natural gas and diesel pilot for generator application. The flow of natural gas was electronically controlled using a throttle valve, and it was pre-mixed with air before being introduced into the combustion chambers. The aim of this work was to study the exhaust emissions characteristics under diesel and dual fuel operations at different operating conditions. Exhaust emissions of total hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), soot, particulate matter and carbon dioxide were measured at different loads. This work also presents the effects of diesel oxidation catalyst on HC and CO conversions under dual fuel operation. Results showed that \\{NOx\\} emission was reduced at all operating loads under dual fuel operation compared to diesel operation. HC and CO emissions were increased under dual fuel operation, but their concentrations were considerably reduced with oxidation catalyst. Contrary to conventional wisdom, it was found that soot and particulate matter were increased under dual fuel operation compared to diesel operation.

Mayank Mittal; Ron Donahue; Peter Winnie; Allen Gillette

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Engine deposit and pour point studies using canola oil as a diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect

Engine tests conducted during previous investigations have established the viability of using canola oil as a substitute for diesel fuel on a short term basis, but also revealed the need to assess possible combustion chamber deposits from long range testing. Low temperature problems in handling vegetable oils has also been recognized as posing a threat to their use in winter operation. This paper reports a procedure involving a direct comparison of running two different fuels in an engine simultaneously to study deposit problems, and also reports on three attempted methods - fuel blending, fuel heating and fuel additives to reduce the pour point of canola oil. 3 figures, 1 table.

Strayer, R.C.; Craig, W.K.; Zoerb, G.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

U.S. diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer diesel fuel price forecast to be 1 penny lower this summer at $3.94 a gallon The retail price of diesel fuel is expected to average $3.94 a gallon during the summer driving season that which runs from April through September. That's close to last summer's pump price of $3.95, according to the latest monthly energy outlook from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Demand for distillate fuel, which includes diesel fuel, is expected to be up less than 1 percent from last summer. Daily production of distillate fuel at U.S. refineries is forecast to be 70,000 barrels higher this summer. With domestic distillate output exceeding demand, U.S. net exports of distillate fuel are expected to average 830,000 barrels per day this summer. That's down 12 percent from last summer's

468

In-cylinder pressure characteristics of a CI engine using blends of diesel fuel and methyl esters of beef tallow  

SciTech Connect

A Cummins N14-410 diesel engine was operated on 12 fuels produced by blending methyl tallowate, methyl soyate, and ethanol with no. 2 diesel fuel. Engine in-cylinder pressure data were used to evaluate engine performance. Peak cylinder pressures for each fuel blend at all engine speeds were lower than peak pressure for diesel fuel with the exception of the 80% diesel, 13% methyl tallowate, and 7% ethanol; and the 80% diesel, 6.5% methyl tallowate, 6.5% methyl soyate and 7% ethanol blends. The indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) values for all fuel blends were less than for diesel fuel. The differences in IMEP values correlated with differences in power output of the engine. Similarly, maximum rates of pressure rise for most fuel blends were less than for diesel fuel. It was concluded that the fuel blends used in this study would have no detrimental long-term effects on engine performance, wear, and knock. 6 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Ali, Y.; Hanna, M.A.; Borg, J.E. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Effects of the blends containing low ratios of alternative fuels on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to experimentally investigate the effects of blends containing various alternative fuels and diesel fuel on the performance and emissions of a diesel engine. The considered parameters are brake power, specific fuel consumption and thermal efficiency as well as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions. Blends of biodiesel, ethanol, methanol and vegetable oil with diesel fuel, each containing 15% alternative fuel in volume, were prepared. Then, these blends were tested in a naturally aspirated, direct injection diesel engine. The test results obtained with these blends were compared with those obtained with diesel fuel. It was found that the tested blends yielded usually different performance and emission characteristics compared to diesel fuel. The biodiesel blend resulted in performance parameters very close to those obtained in the use of diesel fuel. Ethanol and methanol blends yielded lower brake power, while they resulted in higher specific fuel consumption and lower carbon monoxide emissions. On the other hand, the vegetable oil blend yielded lower carbon monoxide emissions, while it caused only slight changes in the performance parameters.

Murat Karabektas; Gokhan Ergen; Murat Hosoz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Cellulosic Biofuels Disappoint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cellulosic Biofuels Disappoint ... As part of the strategy, a goal of 36 billion gallons per year (bgy) of biofuel production was mandated by a Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) lasting from 2008 through 2022. ...

Jerald L. Schnoor

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

471

Life-cycle assessment of diesel, natural gas and hydrogen fuel cell bus transportation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sustainable Transport Energy Programme (STEP) is an initiative of the Government of Western Australia, to explore hydrogen fuel cell technology as an alternative to the existing diesel and natural gas public transit infrastructure in Perth. This project includes three buses manufactured by DaimlerChrysler with Ballard fuel cell power sources operating in regular service alongside the existing natural gas and diesel bus fleets. The life-cycle assessment (LCA) of the fuel cell bus trial in Perth determines the overall environmental footprint and energy demand by studying all phases of the complete transportation system, including the hydrogen infrastructure, bus manufacturing, operation, and end-of-life disposal. The \\{LCAs\\} of the existing diesel and natural gas transportation systems are developed in parallel. The findings show that the trial is competitive with the diesel and natural gas bus systems in terms of global warming potential and eutrophication. Emissions that contribute to acidification and photochemical ozone are greater for the fuel cell buses. Scenario analysis quantifies the improvements that can be expected in future generations of fuel cell vehicles and shows that a reduction of greater than 50% is achievable in the greenhouse gas, photochemical ozone creation and primary energy demand impact categories.

Jamie Ally; Trevor Pryor

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Novel injector techniques for coal-fueled diesel engines. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report, entitled ``Novel Injector Techniques for Coal-Fueled Diesel Engines,`` describes the progress and findings of a research program aimed at development of a dry coal powder fuel injector in conjunction with the Thermal Ignition Combustion System (TICS) concept to achieve autoignition of dry powdered coal in a single-cylinder high speed diesel engine. The basic program consisted of concept selection, analysis and design, bench testing and single cylinder engine testing. The coal injector concept which was selected was a one moving part dry-coal-powder injector utilizing air blast injection. Adiabatics has had previous experience running high speed diesel engines on both direct injected directed coal-water-slurry (CWS) fuel and also with dry coal powder aspirated into the intake air. The Thermal Ignition Combustion System successfully ignited these fuels at all speeds and loads without requiring auxiliary ignition energy such as pilot diesel fuel, heated intake air or glow or spark plugs. Based upon this prior experience, it was shown that the highest efficiency and fastest combustion was with the dry coal, but that the use of aspiration of coal resulted in excessive coal migration into the engine lubrication system. Based upon a desire of DOE to utilize a more modern test engine, the previous naturally-aspirated Caterpillar model 1Y73 single cylinder engine was replaced with a turbocharged (by use of shop air compressor and back pressure control valve) single cylinder version of the Cummins model 855 engine.

Badgley, P.R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Energy Department Awards $6 Million to Advance Cost-Competitive Biofuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced $6 million for two projects to develop next generation biofuels that will help drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels from biomass. These projects are a part of the Energy Department’s continued effort to develop technologies that will enable the production of clean, renewable and cost-competitive drop-in biofuels at $3 per gallon by 2017.

474

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets ... The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed lowering next year’s production targets for biofuels in the U.S. fuel mix—targets initially set in the Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007. ... Although the petroleum industry says the new targets still call for too much ethanol, biofuels advocates say changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard could kill the fledgling advanced biofuels industry. ...

MELODY BOMGARDNER; JEFF JOHNSON

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

475

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Low-Sulfur Diesel Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To help ensure that sulfates in engine exhaust do not To help ensure that sulfates in engine exhaust do not prevent manufacturers of heavy-duty diesel engines from meeting new particulate emissions standards for 1994 and later model years, 1 the Clean Air Act Amend- ments of 1990 (CAAA90) require refiners to reduce the sulfur content of on-highway diesel fuel from current average levels of 0.30 percent by weight to no more than 0.05 percent by weight. The new standard, which goes into effect October 1, 1993, also requires that on-highway diesel fuel have a minimum cetane index of 40 or a maximum aromatic content of 35 percent by volume. 2 (See list of terms and definitions on the fol- lowing page.) This provision is designed to prevent any future rises in aromatics levels. 3 Since the direct mea- surement of aromatics is complex, a minimum cetane

476

Surveillance Guide - ERS 14.3 Underground and Above Ground Diesel Fuel Storage Tanks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNDERGROUND AND ABOVE GROUND DIESEL FUEL STORAGE TANKS UNDERGROUND AND ABOVE GROUND DIESEL FUEL STORAGE TANKS 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify underground and above ground diesel storage tanks are maintained, monitored, configured and marked as required. These surveillance activities provide a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's program for implementation of appropriate controls and compliance with DOE requirements. 2.0 References 1. DOE O 440.1A, Worker Protection Management For DOE Federal And Contractor Employees [http://www.explorer.doe.gov:1776/cgi-bin/w3vdkhgw?qryBGD07_rSj;doe- 1261] 1. 29CFR1910.1200, Subpart Z, Hazard Communication [Access http://www.osha-slc.gov/OshStd_data/1910_1200.html ] 2. 29CFR1910.106, Subpart H, Flammable And Combustible Liquids [Access at

477

The Effect of Diesel Fuel Properties on Emissions-Restrained...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(varying fuel properties and engine control parameters) were used to optimize fuel consumption subject to emissions and engine performance constraints. deer08kumar.pdf More...

478

Volatility of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Blends for Supercritical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

having efficient fuel systems and combustion chamber designs that decrease fuel consumption and mitigate emissions. p-02anitescu.pdf More Documents & Publications...

479

Comparative Study on Engine Performance and Diesel Emissions with European Diesel Fuel (DF)?Diethylene Glycol Dimethyl Ether (DGM) and Fischer?Tropsch (FT)?DGM Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

† Department of Energy and Process Engineering ... The general picture of the methyl- and methylene-related vibrations in the DF used here confirms the results of the GC analyses; i.e., that the DF resembles a n-alkane-dominated hydrocarbon mixture. ... To investigate influences of fuel design on regulated and non-regulated emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines, a Mercedes-Benz OM 906 Euro 3 engine was run with common diesel fuel (DF), first- and second-generation alternative fuels (Gas-to-liq. ...

Md. Nurun Nabi; Rudolf Schmid; Johan Einar Hustad

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

480

Table 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80.8 75.7 76.2 67.5 71.8 77.4 83.7 75.0 64.4 See footnotes at end of table. 41. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sulfur Content, Sales Type, and PAD District 242 Energy Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels diesel fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


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