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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Microfluidic Glycosyl Hydrolase Screening for Biomass-to-Biofuel Conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Glycosyl Hydrolase Screening for Biomass-to-Biofuel Conversion Rajiv Bharadwaj such as cellulases and hemicellulases is a limiting and costly step in the conversion of biomass to biofuels. Lignocellulosic (LC) biomass is an abundant and potentially carbon-neutral resource for production of biofuels

Singh, Anup

2

SEE ALSO SIDEBARS: RECOURCES SOLARRESOURCES BIOMASS & BIOFUELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

373 SEE ALSO SIDEBARS: RECOURCES · SOLARRESOURCES · BIOMASS & BIOFUELS Engineered and Artificial, and the production of liquid biofuels for transportation is growing rapidly. However, both traditional biomass energy and crop-based biofuels technologies have negative environmental and social impacts. The overall research

Kammen, Daniel M.

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biomass and Biofuels Industry Development

4

Three-Dimensional Graphene-Carbon Nanotube Hybrid for High-Performance Enzymatic Biofuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three-Dimensional Graphene-Carbon Nanotube Hybrid for High-Performance Enzymatic Biofuel Cells ... Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are green energy devices which are capable of harvesting electricity from renewable and abundantly available biofuels using enzymes as the catalysts for oxidation of biofuels (most commonly, glucose) and reduction of oxidizers (most commonly, oxygen). ... power from environmentally friendly biomass or biofuels. ...

Kenath Priyanka Prasad; Yun Chen; Peng Chen

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

5

NREL: Biomass Research - Standard Procedures for Microalgal Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Standard Procedures for Microalgal Biofuels Analysis Standard Procedures for Microalgal Biofuels Analysis Capabilities in Microalgal Analysis NREL's Algal Biofuels Research team can work with you to analyze the chemical composition of algae as a biomass feedstock. NREL develops laboratory analytical procedures (LAPs) for analyzing microalgal biofuels. These procedures help scientists and analysts understand more about the chemical composition of algae as a feedstock to convert to biofuels. For more procedures, see the biomass characterization LAPs. Laboratory Analytical Procedures NREL wrote these analytical procedures to help the research community analyze algae. Summative Mass Analysis of Algal Biomass - Integration of Analytical Procedures Download Procedure This procedure guides the integration of LAPs to measure algal biomass

6

Biomass Recalcitrance: Engineering Plants and Enzymes for Biofuels Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Multi-Year Program Plan, 2007-2012 (OBP, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2005) (http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/pdfs/mypp.pdf). 4 Biofuels Research Advisory Council , Biofuels in the European Union...

Michael E. Himmel; Shi-You Ding; David K. Johnson; William S. Adney; Mark R. Nimlos; John W. Brady; Thomas D. Foust

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

7

Making Photosynthetic Biofuel Renewable: Recovering Phosphorus from Residual Biomass J. M. Gifford and P. Westerhoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making Photosynthetic Biofuel Renewable: Recovering Phosphorus from Residual Biomass J. M. Gifford to global warming. Biofuel from phototrophic microbes like algae and bacteria provides a viable substitute improves biofuel sustainability by refining phosphorus recycling. Biomass Production Residual Biomass

Hall, Sharon J.

8

Forest Carbon and Biomass Energy LCA Issues and Challenges  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2DBuilding Market Confidence and Understanding II: Carbon Accounting and Woody Biofuels Forest Carbon and Biomass Energy LCA Issues and Challenges Reid Miner, Vice President, NCASI

9

Response to Comment on "Carbon-Negative Biofuels from Low-Input High-Diversity Grassland Biomass"  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...can provide similar bioenergy gains and greater greenhouse...utility (19, 20). A review of 17 studies found a median...consideration of the published literature. As to current biofuels...ethanol energy balance reviews (23, 24). Second...between food production, bioenergy production, and...

David Tilman; Jason Hill; Clarence Lehman

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Biofuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As David Rotman states in his article on biofuels, the conversion of biomass to liquid fuel is energy intensive--just like the conversion of coal or any other solid fuel to liquid fuel. That implies that the quantity of liquid fuel from biomass and the carbon dioxide released in the production process strongly depend upon the energy source used in the conversion process. Each year, the United States could produce about 1.3 billion tons of renewable biomass for use as fuel. Burning it would release about as much energy as burning 10 million barrels of diesel fuel per day. If converted to ethanol, the biomass would have the energy value of about five million barrels of diesel fuel per day. The remainder of the energy would be used by the biomass-to-liquids conversion plant. If a nuclear reactor or other energy source provides the energy for the biomass-to-liquids plants, the equivalent of over 12 million barrels of diesel fuel can be produced per day. If our goal is to end oil imports and avoid greenhouse-gas releases, we must combine biomass and nuclear energy to maximize biofuels production.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

NREL: Biomass Research - Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities Microalgal Biofuels Capabilities Research into producing microalgal biofuels for transportation has been revitalized at NREL. Because algae have the potential to produce the feedstock for a number of transportation fuels-biodiesel, "green" diesel and gasoline, and jet fuel-NREL has developed strong capabilities in producing biofuels from microalgae. Through standard procedures for microalgal biofuels analysis, NREL helps scientists and researchers understand more about the chemical composition of algae. Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. This video is a narrated animation that explains the microalgae-to-biofuels conversion process. NREL's capabilities in microalgal biofuels R&D include: Why is algal research important? Algae have the potential to produce the feedstock for transportation fuels.

12

Microfluidic Glycosyl Hydrolase Screening for Biomass-to-Biofuel Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microfluidic Glycosyl Hydrolase Screening for Biomass-to-Biofuel Conversion ... The hemicellulases convert the hemicellulose polysaccharide mainly to d-xylose, which is the second most abundant sugar. ... Figure 5. (a) Schematic of the biochemical process for converting biomass to fermentable sugars. ...

Rajiv Bharadwaj; Zhiwei Chen; Supratim Datta; Bradley M. Holmes; Rajat Sapra; Blake A. Simmons; Paul D. Adams; Anup K. Singh

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

13

NREL: Biomass Research - Microalgal Biofuels Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microalgal Biofuels Projects Microalgal Biofuels Projects A photo of a man in a white lab coat holding a glass flask that contains a small amount of clear green liquid. An NREL researcher analyzes algae samples for oil content using the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter. NREL's microalgal biofuels projects focus on determining the feasibility and economic capability of employing algae as a cost-effective feedstock for fuel production. NREL researchers pioneered developing microalgal biofuels by leading the U.S. Department of Energy Aquatic Species Program from 1979 to 1996. Among NREL's RD&D projects in converting microalgae to biofuels are: Development of Algal Strains NREL and Chevron Corp. are collaborating to develop techniques to improve the production of liquid transportation fuels using microalgae. The

14

Biofuels and the need for additional carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Use of biofuels does not reduce emissions from energy combustion but may offset emissions by increasing plant growth or by reducing plant residue or other non-energy emissions. To do so, biofuel production must generate and use 'additional carbon', which means carbon that plants would not otherwise absorb or that would be emitted to the atmosphere anyway. When biofuels cause no direct land use change, they use crops that would grow regardless of biofuels so they do not directly absorb additional carbon. All potential greenhouse gas reductions from such biofuels, as well as many potential emission increases, result from indirect effects, including reduced crop consumption, price-induced yield gains and land conversion. If lifecycle analyses ignore indirect effects of biofuels, they therefore cannot properly find greenhouse gas reductions. Uncertainties in estimating indirect emission reductions and increases are largely symmetrical. The failure to distinguish 'additional' carbon from carbon already absorbed or withheld from the atmosphere also leads to large overestimates of global bioenergy potential. Reasonable confidence in greenhouse gas reductions requires a precautionary approach to estimating indirect effects that does not rely on any single model. Reductions can be more directly assured, and other adverse indirect effects avoided, by focusing on biofuels from directly additional carbon.

Timothy D Searchinger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Direct conversion of algal biomass to biofuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and system for providing direct conversion of algal biomass. Optionally, the method and system can be used to directly convert dry algal biomass to biodiesels under microwave irradiation by combining the reaction and combining steps. Alternatively, wet algae can be directly processed and converted to fatty acid methyl esters, which have the major components of biodiesels, by reacting with methanol at predetermined pressure and temperature ranges.

Deng, Shuguang; Patil, Prafulla D; Gude, Veera Gnaneswar

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

16

Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principal types of biofuels that can be obtained from biorenewable energy sources are analyzed. As these sources, various sorts of biomass, which is accumulated upon photosynthetic conversion of solar energy, are considered. A typical feature of biofuel production is combination of chemical and biotechnological approaches.

Sergei D Varfolomeev; E N Efremenko; Larisa P Krylova

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

High-biomass sorghums for biomass biofuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University; M.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. William Rooney High-biomass sorghums provide structural carbohydrates for bioenergy production. Sorghum improvement is well established, but development of high- biomass sorghums... these goals and be economically viable, abundant and low-cost 3 biomass sources are needed. To provide this, dedicated bioenergy crops are necessary (Epplin et al., 2007). For a variety of reasons, the C4 grass sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L...

Packer, Daniel

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

18

Making Biofuel Renewable: Sustainable Phosphorus Recovery from Microbial Biomass McKay Gifford and Paul Westerhoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making Biofuel Renewable: Sustainable Phosphorus Recovery from Microbial Biomass McKay Gifford, BioresourceTechnology, 102(2), 1697-1703. Biomass Composition Biofuel Processing Anion Exchange Microwave depletion indicate that future energy must come from biofuel. Biodiesel from photosynthetic microorganisms

Hall, Sharon J.

19

Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...first 50 years of this process the carbon debt of...Brazilian Amazon to soybean biodiesel, Brazilian Cerrado...tropical rainforest to palm biodiesel, and U.S. central...decomposition, were based on evaluation and synthesis of...and Malaysia to palm biodiesel would result in a biofuel...

Joseph Fargione; Jason Hill; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Peter Hawthorne

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

20

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development DOE Response based on contributions from Office of Biomass Program; Argonne National, Hill, Tilman, Polasky and Hawthorne study ("Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt") claims

Minnesota, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

HARNESSING PLANT BIOMASS FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMATERIALS Plant surface lipid biosynthetic pathways and their utility for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HARNESSING PLANT BIOMASS FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMATERIALS Plant surface lipid biosynthetic pathways and their utility for metabolic engineering of waxes and hydrocarbon biofuels Reinhard Jetter1,2,* and Ljerka Kunst1 biosynthetic pathways can be used in metabolic engineering of plants for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels

Kunst, Ljerka

22

Methods for the economical production of biofuel from biomass  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for producing a biofuel are provided. Also provided are biocatalysts that convert a feedstock to a biofuel.

Hawkins, Andrew C; Glassner, David A; Buelter, Thomas; Wade, James; Meinhold, Peter; Peters, Matthew W; Gruber, Patrick R; Evanko, William A; Aristidou, Aristos A; Landwehr, Marco

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biomass Supply and Carbon Accounting for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass Supply and Carbon Accounting for Southeastern Forests February 2012 #12;This Biomass Supply and Carbon Accounting for Southeastern Forests study was conducted by the Biomass Energy Resource Center Biomass Energy Resource Center Kamalesh Doshi Biomass Energy Resource Center Hillary Emick Biomass Energy

24

Flash Carbonization of Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass feedstocks included woods (Leucaena and oak) and agricultural byproducts (macadamia nut shells and corncob). ... Biomass feedstocks employed in this study are listed in Table 1. ... 4 We presume that these differences represent the inherent variability of biomass feedstocks from one year, location, etc. to the next. ...

Michael Jerry Antal, Jr.; Kazuhiro Mochidzuki; Lloyd S. Paredes

2003-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

25

Clean solid biofuel production from high moisture content waste biomass employing hydrothermal treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Our society currently faces three challenges, including resource depletion, waste accumulation and environmental degradation, leading to rapidly escalating raw material costs and increasingly expensive and restrictive waste disposal legislation. This work aims to produce clean solid biofuel from high moisture content waste biomass (bio-waste) with high nitrogen (N)/chlorine (Cl) content by mild hydrothermal (HT) conversion processes. The newest results are summarized and discussed in terms of the mechanical dewatering and upgrading, dechlorination, denitrification and coalification resulting from the HT pretreatment. Moreover, both the mono-combustion and co-combustion characteristics of the solid fuel are reviewed by concentrating on the pollutants emission control, especially the NO emission properties. In addition, the feasibility of this HT solid biofuel production process is also discussed in terms of Energy Balance and economic viability. As an alternative to dry combustion/dry pyrolysis/co-combustion, the HT process, combining the dehydration and decarboxylation of a biomass to raise its carbon content aiming to achieve a higher calorific value, opens up the field of potential feedstock for lignite-like solid biofuel production from a wide range of nontraditional renewable and plentiful wet agricultural residues, sludge and municipal wastes. It would contribute to a wider application of HT pretreatment bio-wastes for safe disposal and energy recycling.

Peitao Zhao; Yafei Shen; Shifu Ge; Zhenqian Chen; Kunio Yoshikawa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Biofuels and bio-products derived from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEED Biofuels and bio- products derived from lignocellulosic biomass (plant materials) are part improve the energy and carbon efficiencies of biofuels production from a barrel of biomass using chemical and thermal catalytic mechanisms. The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels IMPACT

Ginzel, Matthew

27

Concentrating-Solar Biomass Gasification Process for a 3rd Generation Biofuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrating-Solar Biomass Gasification Process for a 3rd Generation Biofuel ... The first step was to develop process flow diagrams and to use these along with literature information and research results as well as the practical industry experience to build process simulation models. ... In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no C debt and can offer immediate, sustained GHG advantages. ...

Edgar G. Hertwich; Xiangping Zhang

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Biomass Characterization of Buddleja davidii: A Potential Feedstock for Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass Characterization of Buddleja davidii: A Potential Feedstock for Biofuel Production ... A compositional analysis was performed on Buddleja davidii to determine its general biomass characteristics and provide detailed analysis of the chemical structures of its cellulose and lignin using NMR. ... The biomass composition of B. davidii is 30% lignin, 35% cellulose, and 34% hemicellulose. ...

Bassem B. Hallac; Poulomi Sannigrahi; Yunqiao Pu; Michael Ray; Richard J. Murphy; Arthur J. Ragauskas

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France Introduction Renewable energy sources such as biomass and biofuels are increasingly being seen as important of biofuels on the final consumption of energy in transport should be 10%. The long-term target is to reduce

Boyer, Edmond

30

Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of the potential for biofuel production in the United States from timber and non-grain crops.

Blake A Simmons; Dominique Loque; Harvey W Blanch

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

31

Biomass Combustion: Carbon Capture and Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter deals with the capture and storage of carbon dioxide produced by the combustion of biomass. Since biomass combustion is potentially carbon neutral, this technique could provide a method of reducing t...

Jenny M. Jones; Amanda R. Lea-Langton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

EA-1850: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

50: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood 50: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel Biorefinery, Park Falls, Wisconsin EA-1850: Flambeau River BioFuels, Inc. Proposed Wood Biomass-to-Liquid Fuel Biorefinery, Park Falls, Wisconsin Summary NOTE: This EA has been cancelled. This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide federal funding to Flambeau River Biofuels (FRB) to construct and operate a biomass-to-liquid biorefinery in Park Falls, Wisconsin, on property currently used by Flambeau Rivers Paper, LLC (FRP) for a pulp and paper mill and Johnson Timber Corporation's (JTC) Summit Lake Yard for timber storage. This project would design a biorefinery which would produce up to 1,150 barrels per day (bpd) of clean syncrude. The biorefinery would also supply

33

Energy Department Announces $10 Million for Technologies to Produce Advanced Biofuel Products from Biomass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced up to $10 million in funding to advance the production of advanced biofuels, substitutes for petroleum-based feedstocks, and bioproducts made from renewable, non-food-based biomass, such as agricultural residues and woody biomass.

34

Forest Carbon Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2DBuilding Market Confidence and Understanding II: Carbon Accounting and Woody Biofuels Forest Carbon Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets David Cleaves, Climate Change Advisor to the Chief, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

35

Estimating Biomass Burnt and CarbonEstimating Biomass Burnt and Carbon Emissions from Large Wildfires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimating Biomass Burnt and CarbonEstimating Biomass Burnt and Carbon Emissions from Large: Global Biomass Burning & Carbon Emissions Standard Emissions Inventories: Burned Area & GFED recently daily. Fire occurrenceoccurrence Roy et al.Roy et al. Carbon emissions (C) = burned area . fuel

36

Carbon Mitigation by Biofuels or by Saving and Restoring Forests?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indicate the ranges of values in the literature cited. Details are in the SOM. PHOTO...eu/wtw.html. 2 Larson E. , A review of LCA studies on liquid biofuels for the...4 Kirschbaum M.U.F. , Biomass Bioenergy 24 , 297 ( 2003 ). 5 International Energy...

Renton Righelato; Dominick V. Spracklen

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

37

RESOURCES BIOMASS & BIOFUELS MRS BULLETIN VOLUME 33 APRIL 2008 www.mrs.org/bulletin Harnessing Materials for Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion of Cellulosic Biomass to Ethanol The overall approach to converting cellulosic biomass to ethanol381 RESOURCES · BIOMASS & BIOFUELS MRS BULLETIN · VOLUME 33 · APRIL 2008 · www.mrs.org/bulletin · Harnessing Materials for Energy What Is Cellulosic Biomass? Although ethanol is now made from the sugars

California at Riverside, University of

38

Chapter 22 - Whole Algal Biomass In situ Transesterification to Fatty Acid Methyl Esters as Biofuel Feedstocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter addresses the yield of lipids quantified as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) by using different catalysts and catalyst combinations, and the acid catalyst hydrochloric acid providing a consistently high level of conversion to FAME. The discussion is accompanied by a link to the large-scale application of this process as a whole biomass conversion pathway. Microalgae-focused lipid technologies for biofuel applications, renewable and biodiesel fuel properties are described along with in situ transesterification of oleaginous algal biomass, choice of catalyst for in situ whole biomass transesterification, and the analytical characterization of lipid content in algal biomass using in situ transesterification.

Lieve M.L. Laurens

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Sequencing of Multiple Clostridial Genomes Related to Biomass Conversion and Biofuel Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern methods to develop microbe-based biomass conversion processes require a system-level understanding of the microbes involved. Clostridium species have long been recognized as ideal candidates for processes involving biomass conversion and production of various biofuels and other industrial products. To expand the knowledge base for clostridial species relevant to current biofuel production efforts, we have sequenced the genomes of 20 species spanning multiple genera. The majority of species sequenced fall within the class III cellulosome-encoding Clostridium and the class V saccharolytic Thermoanaerobacteraceae. Species were chosen based on representation in the experimental literature as model organisms, ability to degrade cellulosic biomass either by free enzymes or by cellulosomes, ability to rapidly ferment hexose and pentose sugars to ethanol, and ability to ferment synthesis gas to ethanol. The sequenced strains significantly increase the number of noncommensal/nonpathogenic clostridial species and provide a key foundation for future studies of biomass conversion, cellulosome composition, and clostridial systems biology.

Hemme, Christopher [University of Oklahoma; Mouttaki, Housna [University of Oklahoma; Lee, Yong-Jin [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; He, Zhili [University of Oklahoma; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Van Nostrand, Joy [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Henrissat, Bernard [Universite d'Aix-Marseille I & II; HE, Qiang [ORNL; Lawson, Paul A. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Tanner, Ralph S. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Lynd, Lee R [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth; Wiegel, Juergen [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Fields, Dr. Matthew Wayne [Montana State University; Arkin, Adam [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Stevenson, Bradley S. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; McInerney, Michael J. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Yang, Yunfeng [ORNL; Dong, Hailiang [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Xing, Defeng [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Ren, Nanqi [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Wang, Aijie [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Ding, Shi-You [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Himmel, Michael E [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Taghavi, Safiyh [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)/U.S. Department of Energy; Van Der Lelie, Daniel [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Rubin, Edward M. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Sandia National Laboratories: Advanced Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Biofuels Biofuels Blend Right In: Researchers Show Ionic Liquids Effective for Pretreating Mixed Blends of Biofuel Feedstocks On February 26, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels Assessing the Economic Potential of Advanced Biofuels On September 10, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Energy, Facilities, JBEI, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable...

42

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels "Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results Pave the Way for Closed-Loop Biofuel Refineries On December 11, 2014, in Biofuels, Biomass, Capabilities,...

43

Forest Carbon and Biomass Energy - LCA Issues and Challenges...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Forest Carbon and Biomass Energy - LCA Issues and Challenges Forest Carbon and Biomass Energy - LCA Issues and Challenges Breakout Session 2D-Building Market Confidence and...

44

Chapter 15 - Catalytic Thermochemical Processes for Biomass Conversion to Biofuels and Chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biomass is the most abundant and biorenewable resource with great potential for sustainable production of chemicals and fuels. Thermochemical conversion technologies (pyrolysis, gasification and hydrothermal liquefaction) are a promising option for transforming biomass feedstocks into liquid oils and chemicals. In the article, for the thermal process of biomass for biofuels and chemicals, the effect of reaction conditions, reactors, solvents and catalysts on the yield and distribution of the products are reviewed. Fast pyrolysis of cellulose is primarily conducted over catalysts with proper acidity/basicity and has undergone many pilot tests. Gasification is typically conducted over supported noble metal catalysts and has been profiled as being CO2-neutral, having a high potential to provide power, chemicals and fuels. Catalytically hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass produces a very complex mixture of liquid products; therefore, novel technology for separation and extraction of downstream products from hydrothermal liquefaction of lignocellulosic biomass need to be developed.

Lin Mei Wu; Chun Hui Zhou; Dong Shen Tong; Wei Hua Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Evaluation of Microbial Communities from Extreme Environments as Inocula in a Carboxylate Platform for Biofuel Production from Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The carboxylate biofuels platform (CBP) involves the conversion of cellulosic biomass into carboxylate salts by a mixed microbial community. Chemical engineering approaches to convert these salts to a variety of fuels (diesel, gasoline, jet fuel...

Cope, Julia Lee

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

46

Biomass Energy in a Carbon Constrained Future  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Energy in a Carbon Constrained Future Biomass Energy in a Carbon Constrained Future Speaker(s): William Morrow Date: September 3, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eric Masanet Two areas of research will be presented: potential roles that domestically sourced biomass energy could play in achieving U.S. environmental and petroleum security goals, and possible pathways for achieving California's long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals. Biomass energy is viewed by many in the electricity and transportation fuel sectors as offering benefits such as greenhouse gas emissions reductions and petroleum fuel substitution. For this reason a large-scale biomass energy industry future is often anticipated although currently biomass energy provides only a small contribution to these sectors. Agriculture models, however,

47

Biofuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Udaya Kalluri is part of a multidisciplinary scientific team working to unlock plants in order to create more potent biofuels without harsh processing.

Kalluri, Udaya

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

48

Stability of Biomass-derived Black Carbon in Soils . | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stability of Biomass-derived Black Carbon in Soils . Stability of Biomass-derived Black Carbon in Soils . Abstract: Black carbon (BC) may play an important role in the global C...

49

The impact of co-occurring tree and grassland species on carbon sequestration and potential biofuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of co-occurring tree and grassland species on carbon sequestration and potential biofuel for terrestrial carbon sequestration and potential biofuel production. For P. strobus, above- ground plant carbon harvest for biofuel would result in no net carbon sequestration as declines in soil carbon offset plant

Weiblen, George D

50

Advancing Commercialization of Algal Biofuels Through Increased Biomass Productivity and Technology Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cellana is a leading developer of algae-based bioproducts, and its pre-commercial production of marine microalgae takes place at Cellana?s Kona Demonstration Facility (KDF) in Hawaii. KDF is housing more than 70 high-performing algal strains for different bioproducts, of which over 30 have been grown outside at scale. So far, Cellana has produced more than 10 metric tons of algal biomass for the development of biofuels, animal feed, and high-value nutraceuticals. Cellana?s ALDUO algal cultivation technology allows Cellana to grow non-extremophile algal strains at large scale with no contamination disruptions. Cellana?s research and production at KDF have addressed three major areas that are crucial for the commercialization of algal biofuels: yield improvement, cost reduction, and the overall economics. Commercially acceptable solutions have been developed and tested for major factors limiting areal productivity of algal biomass and lipids based on years of R&D work conducted at KDF. Improved biomass and lipid productivity were achieved through strain improvement, culture management strategies (e.g., alleviation of self-shading, de-oxygenation, and efficient CO2 delivery), and technical advancement in downstream harvesting technology. Cost reduction was achieved through optimized CO2 delivery system, flue gas utilization technology, and energy-efficient harvesting technology. Improved overall economics was achieved through a holistic approach by integration of high-value co-products in the process, in addition to yield improvements and cost reductions.

Bai, Xuemei [Cellana LLC; Sabarsky, Martin

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

51

Chemoselective Hydrogenation of Biomass-Derived 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into the Liquid Biofuel 2,5-Dimethylfuran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemoselective Hydrogenation of Biomass-Derived 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural into the Liquid Biofuel 2,5-Dimethylfuran ... In recent years, 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF), which is produced by the selective hydrogenation of biomass-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and is considered as a new-fashioned liquid biofuel for transportation, has received much more attention from many researchers in the world. ... Among the various desired compounds via the oriented transformation,(15-19) 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is considered as a versatile platform compound (Scheme 1) and a crucial intermediate for connecting biomass resource and fossil industry,(20-24) and this is because that it can be further transformed into a series of high-quality fuels such as ethyl levulinate (EL),(25-27) 5-ethoxymethylfurfural (EMF),(28-30) 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF),(31-33) and C9C15 alkanes(34-36) and high-value chemicals such as levulinic acid (LA),(37-39) 2,5-dihydroxymethylfuran (DHMF),(40-42) 2,5-diformylfuran (DFF),(43-45) and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). ...

Lei Hu; Lu Lin; Shijie Liu

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

52

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SystemsRenewable EnergyBiomassBiofuelsBiofuels Publications Biofuels Publications Undergirded by the powerful capabilities, state-of-the-art facilities, and brilliant minds that...

53

"In terms of the long-term outlook for biomass and biofuels, the largest proportion of Business Insights industry survey respondents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"In terms of the long-term outlook for biomass and biofuels, the largest proportion of Business Insights industry survey respondents (47%) thought that biofuels would account for 5-10% of total global fuel production by 2017. A further 25% of respondents thought that biofuels would account for 2

54

Life cycle assessment and biomass carbon accounting  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biomass feedstocks Biomass feedstocks and the climate implications of bioenergy Steven Hamburg Environmental Defense Fund Slides adapted from Reid Miner NCASI On the landscape, the single-plot looks like this 75 Harvested and burned for energy In year zero, the plot is harvested and the wood is burned for energy 1.1 Year 1 After regeneration begins, the growing biomass sequesters small amounts of CO2 annually 2.1 Year 2 2.8 Year 3 ??? Year X, until next harvest Σ = . Over time, if carbon stocks are returned to pre-harvest levels... ...the net emissions over this time are zero. single plot analysis Net Cumulative CO2 combustion emissions Cumulative CO2 combustion emissions Time Time Biomass energy Fossil fuel energy single plot analysis Net Cumulative CO2 combustion emissions Cumulative

55

Chapter 15 - Biomass to Liquid Biofuels Service Learning Projects and Case Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter presents the liquid biofuel-related service learning projects undertaken by students in a northeastern region of United States over many years as part of the Bioenergy Program1. The students experiences are described. Particularly three different case studies are presented authored by the respective students who successfully completed their projects. The first case study, cost analysis of oilseed production for biodiesel and the volatility in corn and crude was conducted in in partnership with a local bioenergy farm to identify the tall barriers to break down in getting farmers to grow the oilseed crops analysis to see if dairy farmers could realize an economic benefit from dedicating 20% of their acreage to growing an oilseed for biofuel conversion. The second case study, thermal heating fuel switch quantified the economics of reducing the farm's thermal heating costs by using harvested biomass from the farm that has been using fuel oil and kerosene to heat its existing building infrastructure and hot water. The third case study, Mobile Ethanol Distillery Unit: a feasibility study showed that although ethanol is a costly product to produce, if the feed value of feedstock such as sorghum distillers' grains is included it may become viable. Similar projects can be undertaken in any location in partnership with the local solid biofuel-based businesses, farms and communities.

Anju Dahiya

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Energy Densification of Lignocellulosic Biomass via Hydrothermal Carbonization and Torrefaction .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The work presented in this study demonstrated the potential of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of biomass for the production of carbon-rich solid fuel, known as hydrochar (more)

Kambo, Harpreet Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Biofuels from Pyrolysis in Perspective: Trade-offs between Energy Yields and Soil-Carbon Additions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels from Pyrolysis in Perspective: Trade-offs between Energy Yields and Soil-Carbon Additions ... We then apply this model to quantify the trade-offs between energy and biochar yields in BEBCS for a range of possible biofuel pathways for the coproduction of biochar with liquid or gaseous biofuels. ... (43) Thus, we can see that when biochar prices (per Mg C) are less than 33 times the price (per GJ) of gaseous fuels or 21 times the price of liquid pyrolysis fuels, coproduction of biochar with biofuels will reduce revenues compared to biofuel-only production. ...

Dominic Woolf; Johannes Lehmann; Elizabeth M. Fisher; Largus T. Angenent

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

Biofuels and Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels and Agriculture Biofuels and Agriculture A Factsheet for Farmers American farmers have "biofuels" like ethanol and biodiesel mean that new markets are opening up. These can provide extra farm as growing markets for other biofuels like biodiesel. What are biofuels? Biofuels (short for "biomass fuels

Pawlowski, Wojtek

59

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Assessing the Economic Potential of Advanced Biofuels On September 10, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Energy, Facilities, JBEI, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable Energy,...

60

Hammer mill operating and biomass physical conditions effects on particle size distribution of solid pulverized biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Milling is a required pre-treatment for the use of biomass as a pulverized solid biofuel in some thermochemical technologies such as combustion, gasification and bioethanol production, as well as in densification processes. The particle size plays a key role on these energy conversion technologies. Experimental tests for poplar and corn stover were performed to obtain pulverized material at different physical conditions of the biomass (input particle size and moisture content) and operational parameters (opening sizes of the screen and angular speed of hammers). Fourteen parameters related to size central trends, dispersion and shape of particle size distribution (PSD) were calculated and analyzed by a novel data post-processing methodology, combining Artificial Neural Networks and statistical analysis. Results show that the characteristic size of the product (geometric mean size) is mainly influenced by the classification of the screen with values from five to eight times lower than their openings size. The angular speed of the hammer governs the variability and dispersion of sizes. The higher the angular speed, the lower the dispersion on particle size. Physical conditions of the biomass present a negligible effect on PSD.

Miguel Gil; Inmaculada Arauzo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Barnsley Biomass Working towards carbon emissions reduction in Yorkshire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barnsley Biomass Working towards carbon emissions reduction in Yorkshire objectives Fifteen years Yorkshire town are being replaced by a cleaner, green alternative: biomass. Barnsley's Communal Biomass on to residents. · To increase energy efficiency. · To develop biomass usage in new and refurbished public

62

Updating Biomass into Functional Carbon Material in Ionothermal Manner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Updating Biomass into Functional Carbon Material in Ionothermal Manner ... The development of meaningful ways to transfer biomass into useful materials, more efficient energy carriers, and/or carbon storage deposits is a profound challenge of our days. ... This ITC method relies on the synergistic use of structure-directing effect, good biomass solubility, and excellent thermal stability of ILs, and provides a sustainable strategy for exploiting biomass. ...

Pengfei Zhang; Yutong Gong; Zhongzhe Wei; Jing Wang; Zhiyong Zhang; Haoran Li; Sheng Dai; Yong Wang

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

63

Estimating the variable cost for high-volume and long-haul transportation of densified biomass and biofuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article analyzes rail transportation costs of products that have similar physical properties as densified biomass and biofuel. The results of this cost analysis are useful to understand the relationship and quantify the impact of a number of factors on rail transportation costs of denisfied biomass and biofuel. These results will be beneficial and help evaluate the economic feasibility of high-volume and long-haul transportation of biomass and biofuel. High-volume and long-haul rail transportation of biomass is a viable transportation option for biofuel plants, and for coal plants which consider biomass co-firing. Using rail optimizes costs, and optimizes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to transportation. Increasing bioenergy production would consequently result in lower GHG emissions due to displacing fossil fuels. To estimate rail transportation costs we use the carload waybill data, provided by Department of Transportations Surface Transportation Board for products such as grain and liquid type commodities for 2009 and 2011. We used regression analysis to quantify the relationship between variable transportation unit cost ($/ton) and car type, shipment size, rail movement type, commodity type, etc. The results indicate that: (a) transportation costs for liquid is $2.26/ton$5.45/ton higher than grain type commodity; (b) transportation costs in 2011 were $1.68/ton$5.59/ton higher than 2009; (c) transportation costs for single car shipments are $3.6/ton$6.68/ton higher than transportation costs for multiple car shipments of grains; (d) transportation costs for multiple car shipments are $8.9/ton and $17.15/ton higher than transportation costs for unit train shipments of grains.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Erin Searcy; Md. S. Roni; Sandra D. Eksioglu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Sandia National Laboratories: Biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Assessing the Economic Potential of Advanced Biofuels On September 10, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Energy, Facilities, JBEI, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable...

65

Sandia National Laboratories: Biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass "Bionic" Liquids from Lignin: Joint BioEnergy Institute Results Pave the Way for Closed-Loop Biofuel Refineries On December 11, 2014, in Biofuels, Biomass, Capabilities,...

66

Algal Biofuels Strategy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Algal biofuel production systems must be developed sustainably, taking into account GHG emissions and resource use. 8 Increasing Biomass Yield Need: Improving biomass yields...

67

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pathways. Introduction Conversion of biomass to biofuels hasfeedstocks namely the conversion of biomass hydrolysates (

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A component based model for the prediction of the product yields of the pyrolysis of a biomass particle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Pyrolysis of biomass can produce several useful, renewable products: biochar for soil amendment and long-term carbon sequestration; tars for chemicals and biofuels; and syngas as (more)

Eberly, Brian C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Algenol Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algenol Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Algenol Biofuels Place: Bonita Springs, Florida Zip: 34135 Sector: Biofuels, Carbon Product: Algenol is developing a process for...

70

Biomass carbon sequestration by planted forests in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The planted forest area and carbon sequestration have increased significantly in China, because of ... based volume-to-biomass method to estimate the carbon storage by planted forests in China in ... inventories....

Xinliang Xu; Kerang Li

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quantities for efficient biomass conversion to fermentabledevelopment studies for conversion of biomass to sugars andalternative is the conversion of plant biomass into ethanol.

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Biofuel Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuel Conversion Basics Biofuel Conversion Basics Biofuel Conversion Basics August 14, 2013 - 12:31pm Addthis The conversion of biomass solids into liquid or gaseous biofuels is a complex process. Today, the most common conversion processes are biochemical- and thermochemical-based. However, researchers are also exploring photobiological conversion processes. Biochemical Conversion Processes In biochemical conversion processes, enzymes and microorganisms are used as biocatalysts to convert biomass or biomass-derived compounds into desirable products. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes break down the carbohydrate fractions of biomass to five- and six-carbon sugars in a process known as hydrolysis. Yeast and bacteria then ferment the sugars into products such as ethanol. Biotechnology advances are expected to lead to dramatic

73

Sandia National Laboratories: lignocellulosic biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lignocellulosic biofuels Sandia Video Featured by DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office On December 10, 2014, in Biofuels, Biomass, Capabilities, Energy, Facilities, JBEI, News, News &...

74

Sandia National Laboratories: cellulosic biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cellulosic biofuels Joint BioEnergy Institute Oxime-NIMS Work Featured on the Cover of ACS Chemical Biology On July 31, 2014, in Biofuels, Biomass, Capabilities, Energy,...

75

UCSD Biomass to Power Economic Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels,LLC UCSDBiomasstoPower EconomicFeasibilityFigure1:WestBiofuelsBiomassGasificationtoPowerrates... 31 UCSDBiomasstoPower?Feasibility

Cattolica, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

GEOGRAPHICAL DISRIBUTION OF WOODY BIOMASS CARBON IN TROPICAL AFRICA: AN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b TABLES Please cite as: Gibbs, H.K. and S. Brown. 2007. Geographical Distribution of Woody Biomass Carbon in Tropical Africa: An Updated Database for 2000, NDP-055b. Available at [http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ndp055/ndp055b.html] from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Tables 1-4 Files in this numeric data package Variable formats of af_biomass.vat Variable formats of af_carbon.vat Variable formats of glc_subset_af.vat Variable formats of land_geo.vat Variable formats of pb_geo.vat Table 1. Files in this numeric data package File No. File name File size (bytes) File description

77

Combustion of biomass as a global carbon sink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note is intended to highlight the important role of black carbon produced from biomass burning in the global carbon cycle, and encourage further research in this area. Consideration of the fundamental physical chemistry of cellulose thermal decomposition suggests that suppression of biomass burning or biasing burning practices to produce soot-free flames must inevitably transfer more carbon to the atmosphere. A simple order-of-magnitude quantitative analysis indicates that black carbon may be a significant carbon reservoir that persists over geological time scales.

Ball, Rowena

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Method for creating high carbon content products from biomass oil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a method for producing high carbon content products from biomass, a biomass oil is added to a cracking reactor vessel. The biomass oil is heated to a temperature ranging from about 100.degree. C. to about 800.degree. C. at a pressure ranging from about vacuum conditions to about 20,700 kPa for a time sufficient to crack the biomass oil. Tar is separated from the cracked biomass oil. The tar is heated to a temperature ranging from about 200.degree. C. to about 1500.degree. C. at a pressure ranging from about vacuum conditions to about 20,700 kPa for a time sufficient to reduce the tar to a high carbon content product containing at least about 50% carbon by weight.

Parker, Reginald; Seames, Wayne

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

79

Strain selection, biomass to biofuel conversion, and resource colocation have strong impacts on the economic performance of algae cultivation sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decisions involving strain selection, biomass to biofuel technology, and the location of cultivation facilities can strongly influence the economic viability of an algae-based biofuel enterprise. In this contribution we summarize our past results in a new analysis to explore the relative economic impact of these design choices. We present strain-specific growth model results from two saline strains (Nannocloropsis salina, Arthrospira sp.), a fresh to brackish strain (Chlorella sp., DOE strain 1412), and a freshwater strain of the order Sphaeropleales. Biomass to biofuel conversion is compared between lipid extraction (LE) and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) technologies. National-scale models of water, CO2 (as flue gas), land acquisition, site leveling, construction of connecting roads, and transport of HTL oil to existing refineries are used in conjunction with estimates of fuel value (from HTL) to prioritize and select from 88,692 unit farms (UF, 405 ha in pond area), a number sufficient to produce 136E+9 L yr-1 of renewable diesel (36 billion gallons yr-1, BGY). Strain selection and choice of conversion technology have large economic impacts, with differences between combinations of strains and biomass to biofuel technologies being up to $10 million dollars yr-1 UF-1. Results based on the most productive species, HTL-based fuel conversion, and resource costs show that the economic potential between geographic locations within the selection can differ by up to $4 million yr-1 UF-1, with 2.0 BGY of production possible from the most cost-effective sites. The local spatial variability in site rank is extreme, with very high and low rank sites within 10s of km of each other. Colocation with flue gas sources has a strong influence on site rank, but the most costly resource component varies from site to site. The highest rank sites are located predominantly in Florida and Texas, but most states south of 37N latitude contain promising locations. Keywords: algae, biofuels, resource assessment, geographic information systems, techno-economics

Venteris, Erik R.; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Coleman, Andre M.; Skaggs, Richard

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Biomass energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS): a review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS): a review Claire Gough, Paul Upham December are alternative terms for the coupling of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (CCS). The paper follows from a workshop held in December 2009, hosted by the Scottish Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage

Matthews, Adrian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Enhanced performance of electrospun carbon fibers modified with carbon nanotubes: promising electrodes for enzymatic biofuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New nanostructured electrodes, promising for the production of clean and renewable energy in biofuel cells, were developed with success. For this purpose, carbon nanofibers were produced by the electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile solution followed by convenient thermal treatments (stabilization followed by carbonization at 1000, 1200 and 1400 C), and carbon nanotubes were adsorbed on the surfaces of the fibers by a dipping method. The morphology of the developed electrodes was characterized by several techniques (SEM, Raman spectroscopy, electrical conductivity measurement). The electrochemical properties were evaluated through cyclic voltammetry, where the influence of the carbonization temperature of the fibers and the beneficial contribution of the carbon nanotubes were observed through the reversibility and size of the redox peaks of K3Fe(CN)6 versus Ag/AgCl. Subsequently, redox enzymes were immobilized on the electrodes and the electroreduction of oxygen to water was realized as a test of their efficiency as biocathodes. Due to the fibrous and porous structure of these new electrodes, and to the fact that carbon nanotubes may have the ability to promote electron transfer reactions of redox biomolecules, the new electrodes developed were capable of producing higher current densities than an electrode composed only of electrospun carbon fibers.

A Both Engel; A Cherifi; S Tingry; D Cornu; A Peigney; Ch Laurent

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Emission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel (FF) combustion and biomass burning (BB), respectively. The enhancements of BC and LSP in BBEmission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over. (2012), Emission characteristics of black carbon in anthropogenic and biomass burning plumes over

Jimenez, Jose-Luis

83

Agriculture, Land Use, Energy and Carbon Emission Impacts of Global Biofuel Mandates to Mid-Century  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three potential future scenarios of expanded global biofuel production are presented here utilizing the GCAM integrated assessment model. These scenarios span a range that encompasses on the low end a continuation of existing biofuel production policies to two scenarios that would require an expansion of current targets as well as an extension of biofuels targets to other regions of the world. Conventional oil use is reduced by 4-8% in the expanded biofuel scenarios, which results in a decrease of in CO2 emissions on the order of 1-2 GtCO2/year by mid-century from the global transportation sector. The regional distribution of crop production is relatively unaffected, but the biofuels targets do result in a marked increase in the production of conventional crops used for energy. Producer prices of sugar and corn reach levels about 12% and 7% above year 2005 levels, while the increased competition for land causes the price of food crops such as wheat, although not used for bioenergy in this study, to increase by 1 to 2%. The amount of land devoted to growing all food crops and dedicated bioenergy crops is increased by about 10% by 2050 in the High biofuel case, with concurrent decreases in other uses of land such as forest and pasture. In both of the expanded biofuels cases studied, there is an increase in net cumulative carbon emissions for the first couple of decades due to these induced land use changes. However, the difference in net cumulative emissions from the biofuels expansion decline by about 2035 as the reductions in energy system emissions exceed further increases in emissions from land use change. Even in the absence of a policy that would limit emissions from land use change, the differences in net cumulative emissions from the biofuels scenarios reach zero by 2050, and are decreasing further over time in both cases.

Wise, Marshall A.; Dooley, James J.; Luckow, Patrick; Calvin, Katherine V.; Kyle, G. Page

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI): Developing New Biofuels by Overcoming Biomass Recalcitrance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mission of the Joint BioEnergy Institute is to advance the development of the next-generation of biofuelsliquid fuels derived from the solar energy...

Henrik Vibe Scheller; Seema Singh; Harvey Blanch; Jay D. Keasling

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

C3Bio.org - Resources: NIFA - Carbon and Energy Efficient Conversion...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Presentations NIFA - Carbon and Energy Efficient Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels About 0 review(s) (Review this) Share: ... Share this resource: Facebook Twitter...

86

National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap MAY 2010 BIOMASS PROGRAM #12;#12;U.S. DOE 2010. National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Biomass Program. Visit http://biomass.energy.gov for more information National Algal Biofuels

87

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3. Files in this numeric data package 3. Files in this numeric data package File File size Projection number File name (kbytes) File description type File type 1 ndp068.txt 94 Descriptive file (i.e., this n/a ASCII text document) 2 Biomass.e00 59,468 Exported ARC/INFO gridded Albers ARC/INFO (3.75-km) estimates of actual export GRID and potential biomass carbon 3 Biomassx.e00 1,534 Exported ARC/INFO gridded Geographic ARC/INFO (0.25-degree) estimates of export GRID actual and potential biomass carbon 4 ac.dat 24,607 ASCII file of ungenerated Albers GRIDASCII ARC/INFO gridded (3.75- ASCII data

88

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ECIS Biosciences Featured in Top Trade Publication On February 27, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Energy, News, News & Events, Renewable Energy, Transportation Energy The latest...

89

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guide for Designing Polymeric Nanoparticles Published On October 29, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, CINT, Energy, Facilities, Materials Science, News, News & Events,...

90

Catalytic Conversion of Biomass-derived Feedstock (HMF) into...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Industrial Technologies Industrial Technologies Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Catalytic Conversion of Biomass-derived Feedstock...

91

Producing Beneficial Materials from Biomass and Biodiesel Byproducts...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Producing Beneficial Materials from Biomass and Biodiesel Byproducts Lawrence Berkeley National...

92

A Single Multi-Functional Enzyme for Efficient Biomass Conversion...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass and Biofuels Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search A Single Multi-Functional Enzyme for Efficient Biomass Conversion National Renewable Energy...

93

Estimation of biomass and carbon stocks: the case of the Atlantic Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S.E. 2008. Estimation of biomass and carbon stocks: the casein Amazonian forest biomass. Global Change Biol. 10:545-562R. 2004b. Increasing biomass in Amazonian forest plots.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Sandia National Laboratories: producing advanced biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

advanced biofuels Sandia Video Featured by DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office On December 10, 2014, in Biofuels, Biomass, Capabilities, Energy, Facilities, JBEI, News, News &...

95

Cutting Biofuel Production Costs | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cutting Biofuel Production Costs Working to use sunlight to convert biomass to biofuels, researchers have found a pathway toward reducing the energy costs associated with making...

96

Algal Biofuel Technologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuel Technologies Algal Biofuel Technologies At the November 6, 2008 joint Web conference of DOE's Biomass and Clean Cities programs, Al Darzins (National Renewable Energy...

97

Carbon Mitigation by Biofuels or by Saving and Restoring Forests?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...School of Earth and Environment, University of...of values in the literature cited. Details...strains on the environment. For the longer...Larson E. , A review of LCA studies on...Panel of the Global Environment Facility (STAP...F. , Biomass Bioenergy 24 , 297 ( 2003...

Renton Righelato; Dominick V. Spracklen

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

98

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4. Item descriptions for the ten ARC/INFO export grids 4. Item descriptions for the ten ARC/INFO export grids 3.75-km grid 0.25-degree Item Input Output Variable name grid name Column name width width Item type description BIOMASS BIOMASSX 1 Value 4 10 Binary Unique value for (2,200 records (2,209 records each grid cell in .vat file) in .vat file) 5 Count 4 10 Binary Cell count associated with each unique value 9 ac 4 16 Binary Actual biomass carbon (Mg C/ha) 13 pc 4 16 Binary Potential biomass carbon (Mg C/ha) CLIMATE CLIMATEX 1 Value 4 10 Binary Unique value for

99

Biomass Chronosequences of United States Forests: Implications for Carbon Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 14 Biomass Chronosequences of United States Forests: Implications for Carbon Storage, if the harvested wood has a sufficiently long residence time or is used to offset fossil fuel emissions, repeated and Schlamadinger 1997). For a given parcel of land, the relative merits of plantation forestry vs old

Lichstein, Jeremy W.

100

On the Way to Biofuels from Furan: Discriminating DielsAlder and Ring-Opening Mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the Way to Biofuels from Furan: Discriminating DielsAlder and Ring-Opening Mechanisms ... (2) While this is an attractive approach, only a fraction of the biomass carbon ends up in the resulting fuel (in effect increasing the price of this cellulosic biofuel), largely because of the tendency to form solid carbonaceous materials (i.e., coke) in the process. ...

S. Vaitheeswaran; Sara K. Green; Paul Dauenhauer; Scott M. Auerbach

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel Center infrastructure. Cellulosic-based ad- vanced biofuel has a target of 21 billion gallons by 2022 and requires into a national economic model of biofuel sustainability. Cellulosic biomass relocates the demand

102

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp055 data Data PDF PDF graphics Graphics Please note: these data have been updated for the year 2000 Contributors Sandra Brown1 Greg Gaston2 Work on this project was initiated while at the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 61801, U.S.A. 1Present address: Winrock International, Arlington, Virgina. 2Present address: Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University. Prepared by T.W. Beaty, and L.M. Olsen. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center Environmental Sciences Division OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6290 managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

103

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database (NDP-068) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp068 data Data PDF PDF Appendix A is reprint of Brown et al. paper in Geocarto International, Vol. 8; copyright 1993 Geocarto International Centre and reprinted with kind permission from the publisher) image Contributors Sandra Brown1 Louis R. Iverson2 Anantha Prasad2 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois 1Present address: Winrock International, Arlington, Virginia 2Present address: United States Forest Service, Northeast Research Station, Delaware, Ohio Prepared by Tammy W. Beaty, Lisa M. Olsen, Robert M. Cushman, and Antoinette L. Brenkert Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

104

EIA - AEO2010 - Accounting for carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accounting for carbon diioxide emissions from biomass energy combustion Accounting for carbon diioxide emissions from biomass energy combustion Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Accounting for carbon dioxide emissions from biomass energy combustion CO2 emissions from the combustion of biomass [75] to produce energy are excluded from the energy-related CO2 emissions reported in AEO2010. According to current international convention [76], carbon released through biomass combustion is excluded from reported energy-related emissions. The release of carbon from biomass combustion is assumed to be balanced by the uptake of carbon when the feedstock is grown, resulting in zero net emissions over some period of time [77]. However, analysts have debated whether increased use of biomass energy may result in a decline in terrestrial carbon stocks, leading to a net positive release of carbon rather than the zero net release assumed by its exclusion from reported energy-related emissions.

105

BioFuels Atlas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation for biennial merit review of Biofuels Atlas, a first-pass visualization tool that allows users to explore the potential of biomass-to-biofuels conversions at various locations and scales.

Moriarty, K.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Federal Biomass Activities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Federal Biomass Activities Federal Biomass Activities Statutory and executive order requirements for Bioproducts and Biofuels federalbiomassactivities.pdf More Documents &...

107

Algal Biofuels Strategy Workshop - Fall Event  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

evidence of improved biomass productivities that are needed to make microalgae biofuels cost- competitive. How can these scale-up models be used to actually improve biomass...

108

ORIGINAL PAPER Estimation of tree biomass, carbon pool and net primary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Estimation of tree biomass, carbon pool and net primary production of an old Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract & Background The data on carbon pool and biomass distribution in north-eastern India, using biomass equations developed from 40 harvested trees between 9 and 63 cm

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

A large carbon sink in the woody biomass of Northern forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large carbon sink in the woody biomass of Northern forests R. B. Myneni* , J. Dong* , C. J fossil fuels and industrial activities. Some of the missing carbon is sequestered in vegetation biomass, industrialized nations can use certain forest biomass sinks to meet their green- house gas emissions reduction

Goldberg, Bennett

110

Role of algal aggregation in vertical carbon export during SOIREE and in other low biomass environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of algal aggregation in vertical carbon export during SOIREE and in other low biomass induced an increase in phytoplankton biomass, but do not necessarily trigger increases in carbon export particles via coagulation. We demonstrate that in low biomass regions, where concentrations do not reach

Jackson, George

111

Computer Modeling of Carbon Metabolism Enables Biofuel Engineering (Fact Sheet), The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Modeling of Computer Modeling of Carbon Metabolism Enables Biofuel Engineering In an effort to reduce the cost of biofuels, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has merged biochemistry with modern computing and mathematics. The result is a model of carbon metabolism that will help researchers understand and engineer the process of photosynthesis for optimal biofuel production. Organisms like green algae, grasses, and trees use photosynthesis to transform light energy and carbon dioxide into chemicals-chemicals that can be turned back into energy when used as biofuels or feedstocks for biofuel production. Researchers at NREL have set out to make photo- synthesis more efficient, so that more energy can be captured as biofuels. To improve the efficiency

112

Chapter 12 - Scale-Up and Commercialization of Algal Cultivation and Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae are currently being considered as a versatile feedstock for biofuel production because of their fast growth rate and high biomass productivity. Algae could simultaneously act as a carbon sink and water purifier if their cultivation were coupled with flue gas and wastewater treatment, respectively. Hence, an understanding of the overall supply chains for algal biofuel production is exceptionally important to determine whether it is worthwhile to scale up and commercialize algal cultivation for biofuel production. In this chapter, various aspects and constraints associated with the commercialization of algal biofuels are deliberated in detail, especially from the perspective of life-cycle energy balance. In addition, discussions on the economic assessments of algal biofuels are included in this chapter to provide an overview of the current state of algal biofuels in the fuel market. Potential algal biofuel conversion technologies, such as transesterification, starch hydrolysis and fermentation, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal liquefaction are also presented.

Man Kee Lam; Keat Teong Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Bioproducts and biofuels ? growing together!  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bioproducts and biofuels - growing together Virent 2014 - All Rights Reserved Bioproducts: Enabling Fuels and Growing the Bioeconomy DOE Biomass 2014 Washington, D.C. Andrew...

114

Fischer?Tropsch Synfuels from Biomass: Maximizing Carbon Efficiency and Hydrocarbon Yield  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper collects yield and efficiency estimates for FT synfuel production from biomass feedstocks. ... In comparison to other biofuels, advantages include (i) flexible use of all kinds of biomass feedstocks (including waste materials) and, therefore, no competition with the production of food, (ii) relatively high yields per arable land (100?180 GJ ha?1 year?1), and (iii) high fuel qualities to be used in present distribution infrastructures and high-efficiency engine technologies. ... Flow scheme for the conversion of biomass feedstocks to liquid hydrocarbon fuels (BTL) and formal chemical reactions. ...

Dominik Unruh; Kyra Pabst; Georg Schaub

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Vision of the U.S. Biofuel Future:? A Case for Hydrogen-Enriched Biomass Gasification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of external hydrogen can make this possible as (1) a fuel in the burners, (2) a reactant (to more easily convert the carbon to a gaseous form), and (3) a diluent to increase the H2/CO gas molar ratio needed by the Fischer?Tropsch reactions. ... 26 This syngas is used in the burner to provide the process heat for the extruder, and the char that still remains is discarded. ... (4) Process the cleaned raw syngases in the 800 C methane reformer to produce a high-quality syngas without the hydrocarbons; ...

Mark A. Dietenberger; Mark Anderson

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

116

New Investments to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Investments to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels Investments to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels New Investments to Accelerate Next Generation Biofuels July 1, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Image of a scientist studying one of three containers of biomass materials. Following last week's rollout of President Obama's plan to cut carbon pollution, the Energy Department today announced four research and development projects to bring next generation biofuels on line faster and drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels from biomass. The projects-located in Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, and Wisconsin-represent a $13 million Energy Department investment. "By partnering with private industry, universities and our national labs, we can increase America's energy security, bolster rural economic

117

U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels Helena Chum, NREL, presentation at the December 5, 2012, Biomass...

118

Overview of Governor's Biofuels Coalition and Updates | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Overview of Governor's Biofuels Coalition and Updates Overview of Governor's Biofuels Coalition and Updates At the August 7, 2008 quarterly joint Web conference of DOE's Biomass...

119

Utilization of aqueous product generated by hydrothermal carbonization of waste biomass.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is a thermochemical treatment process that allows for the conversion of relatively dilute biomass slurries into value added products which are hydrochar (more)

Vozhdayev, Georgiy Vladimirovich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels (Redirected from - Biofuels) Jump to: navigation, search Biofuels are a wide range of fuels which are in some way derived from biomass. The term covers solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases.[1] Biofuels are gaining increased public and scientific attention, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. Bioethanol is an alcohol made by fermenting the sugar components of plant materials and it is made mostly from sugar and starch crops. With advanced technology being developed, cellulosic biomass, such as trees and grasses, are also used as feedstocks for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane and improve vehicle emissions. Bioethanol is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

November 2011 Model documentation for biomass,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 November 2011 Model documentation for biomass, cellulosic biofuels, renewable of Education, Office of Civil Rights. #12;3 Contents Biomass.....................................................................................................................................................4 Variables in the biomass module

Noble, James S.

122

Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels Production (CCLUB). Users' manual and technical documentation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels Production (CCLUB) calculates carbon emissions from land use change (LUC) for four different ethanol production pathways including corn grain ethanol and cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, miscanthus, and switchgrass. This document discusses the version of CCLUB released May 31, 2012 which includes corn, as did the previous CCLUB version, and three cellulosic feedstocks: corn stover, miscanthus, and switchgrass. CCLUB calculations are based upon two data sets: land change areas and above- and below-ground carbon content. Table 1 identifies where these data are stored and used within the CCLUB model, which is built in MS Excel. Land change area data is from Purdue University's Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model, a computable general equilibrium (CGE) economic model. Section 2 describes the GTAP data CCLUB uses and how these data were modified to reflect shrubland transitions. Feedstock- and spatially-explicit below-ground carbon content data for the United States were generated with a surrogate model for CENTURY's soil organic carbon sub-model (Kwon and Hudson 2010) as described in Section 3. CENTURY is a soil organic matter model developed by Parton et al. (1987). The previous CCLUB version used more coarse domestic carbon emission factors. Above-ground non-soil carbon content data for forest ecosystems was sourced from the USDA/NCIAS Carbon Online Estimator (COLE) as explained in Section 4. We discuss emission factors used for calculation of international greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Section 5. Temporal issues associated with modeling LUC emissions are the topic of Section 6. Finally, in Section 7 we provide a step-by-step guide to using CCLUB and obtaining results.

Mueller, S; Dunn, JB; Wang, M (Energy Systems); (Univ. of Illinois at Chicago)

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

123

Cellulosic BiofuelsGot Gasoline?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...site www.fueleconomy.gov. 5 Biomass Research and Development Board, National Biofuels Action Plan , October 2008 , www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/pdfs/nbap.pdf. 6 Lee S. K. ., Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 19 , 556 ( 2008 ). 7 Jensen A...

John R. Regalbuto

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

124

Sandia's Biofuels Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia's biofuels program is focused on developing next-generation, renewable fuel solutions derived from biomass. In this video, various Sandia researchers discuss the program and the tools they employ to tackle the technical challenges they face.

Simmons, Blake; Singh, Seema; Lane, Todd; Reichardt, Tom; Davis, Ryan

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

125

Biofuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuel Basics Biofuel Basics Biofuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 11:38am Addthis Text Version Photo of a woman in goggles handling a machine filled with biofuels. Biofuels are liquid or gaseous fuels produced from biomass. Most biofuels are used for transportation, but some are used as fuels to produce electricity. The expanded use of biofuels offers an array of benefits for our energy security, economic growth, and environment. Current biofuels research focuses on new forms of biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, and on biofuels conversion processes. Ethanol Ethanol-an alcohol-is made primarily from the starch in corn grain. It is most commonly used as an additive to petroleum-based fuels to reduce toxic air emissions and increase octane. Today, roughly half of the gasoline sold in the United States includes 5%-10% ethanol.

127

Mathematical modelling and simulation of biofuel cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Bio-fuel cells are driven by diverse and abundant bio-fuels and biological catalysts. The production/consumption cycle of bio-fuels is considered to be carbon neutral and, in (more)

Osman, Mohamad Hussein

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Biomass Energy Combustion (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions from the combustion of biomass to produce energy are excluded from the energy-related CO2 emissions reported in Annual Energy Outlook 2010. According to current international convention, carbon released through biomass combustion is excluded from reported energy-related emissions. The release of carbon from biomass combustion is assumed to be balanced by the uptake of carbon when the feedstock is grown, resulting in zero net emissions over some period of time]. However, analysts have debated whether increased use of biomass energy may result in a decline in terrestrial carbon stocks, leading to a net positive release of carbon rather than the zero net release assumed by its exclusion from reported energy-related emissions.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Biofuels are a wide range of fuels which are in some way derived from biomass. The term covers solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases.[1] Biofuels are gaining increased public and scientific attention, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. Bioethanol is an alcohol made by fermenting the sugar components of plant materials and it is made mostly from sugar and starch crops. With advanced technology being developed, cellulosic biomass, such as trees and grasses, are also used as feedstocks for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane and improve vehicle emissions. Bioethanol is

130

NREL: Learning - Biofuels Basics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels Basics Biofuels Basics Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player This video provides an overview of NREL research on converting biomass to liquid fuels. Text Version Unlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called "biofuels," to help meet transportation fuel needs. The two most common types of biofuels in use today are ethanol and biodiesel. Ethanol is an alcohol, the same as in beer and wine (although ethanol used as a fuel is modified to make it undrinkable). It is most commonly made by fermenting any biomass high in carbohydrates through a process similar to beer brewing. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but NREL scientists are developing technology to allow it to be made from cellulose

131

EMSL - biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biofuels en Improving Biofuel Production http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebnewsimproving-biofuel-production

132

Lignin and carbon transformation in roots of maize and mixed perennial biofuel crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Perennial species are being explored as biofuel crops alternative to maize. In this study, fertilized and unfertilized mixed perennial prairie crops were compared with a (more)

Rivas, Fritzie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Loescher. 1999. Biomass conversion to mixed alcohol fuelscarboxylate platform for biomass conversion Running title:body of knowledge regarding biomass conversion and biofuel

Hollister, E.B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biomass 2012 Agenda  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

reach of biomass and biofuel applications, helping to build capacity that will allow for bioenergy markets to develop and deepen in the international arena. Moderator: Natasha...

135

Introduction to Biomass Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass was the major fuel in the world ... hundreds when coal then became dominant. The combustion of solid biofuels as a primary energy...

Jenny M. Jones; Amanda R. Lea-Langton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Energy Department Announces $12 Million for Technologies to Produce Renewable Carbon Fiber from Biomass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced up to $12 million in funding to advance the production of cost-competitive, high-performance carbon fiber material from renewable non-food-based feedstocks such as agricultural residues and woody biomass.

137

Catalytic Conversion of Tars, Carbon Black and Methane from Pyrolysis/Gasification of Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of catalysts in biomass gasification has been suggested for a long time.1 Fung and Graham found that potassium carbonate and calcium oxide have catalytic influences on the gasification rate and the produc...

Clas Ekstrm; Nils Lindman; Rune Pettersson

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Biofuels Atlas (United States) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Atlas (United States) Biofuels Atlas (United States) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Biofuels Atlas (United States) Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: maps.nrel.gov/biomass Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/biofuels-atlas-united-states,http://c Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Biofuels Atlas is an interactive map that allows users to compare biomass feedstocks and biofuels by location. Users may select from and apply biomass data layers to a map as well as query and download biofuels and feedstock data. The state zoom function summarizes state energy use and infrastructure for traditional and bioenergy power, fuels, and resources. The tool also calculates the biofuels potential for a given area.

139

Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influence of fossil fuel and bio-fuel black carbon aerosolssplit Fossil fuel sources Bio fuel sources Open burningemissions from fossil-plus-bio-fuel and from open biomass

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Algal Biomass to Biofuels: Algal Biomass Fractionation to Lipid- and Carbohydrate-Derived Fuel Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beginning in 2013, NREL began transitioning from the singular focus on ethanol to a broad slate of products and conversion pathways, ultimately to establish similar benchmarking and targeting efforts. One of these pathways is the conversion of algal biomass to fuels via extraction of lipids (and potentially other components), termed the 'algal lipid upgrading' or ALU pathway. This report describes in detail one potential ALU approach based on a biochemical processing strategy to selectively recover and convert select algal biomass components to fuels, namely carbohydrates to ethanol and lipids to a renewable diesel blendstock (RDB) product. The overarching process design converts algal biomass delivered from upstream cultivation and dewatering (outside the present scope) to ethanol, RDB, and minor coproducts, using dilute-acid pretreatment, fermentation, lipid extraction, and hydrotreating.

Davis, R.; Kinchin, C.; Markham, J.; Tan, E.; Laurens, L.; Sexton, D.; Knorr, D.; Schoen, P.; Lukas, J.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced biofuels production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biomass supply, . . . how much land? Future Biofuel Production... Program Section 9005: Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels ... Source: Gray, Matthew - Department of...

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced biofuel production Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biomass supply, . . . how much land? Future Biofuel Production... Program Section 9005: Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels ... Source: Gray, Matthew - Department of...

143

Aboveground carbon biomass of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata) in absence of blight  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aboveground carbon biomass of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata) in absence that the contermi- nous U.S. annually sequesters 149­330 Tg C year?1 , with forests, urban trees, and wood products Keywords: Afforestation Carbon sequestration Competition Forest restoration Plantation establishment A B

144

NREL: Biomass Research - Jeffrey G. Linger, Ph.D.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

metabolic engineering of Z. mobilis for use in biofuels production. Research Interests Biomass to biofuels conversion Microbial strain development Metabolic engineering Fundamental...

145

Analytical Techniques for Characterizing Enzymatic Biofuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytical Techniques for Characterizing Enzymatic Biofuel Cells ... Most enzymic biofuel cells contain bioanodes with single enzymes to partially oxidize biofuels. ... The citric acid cycle is one of the main metabolic pathways living cells utilize to completely oxidize biofuels to carbon dioxide and water. ...

Michael J. Moehlenbrock; Robert L. Arechederra; Kyle H. Sjholm; Shelley D. Minteer

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

146

Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Christina Schott Jakarta, 2009 #12;ii Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel development in Asia Pacific Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel of many biofuels has turned out to be far from sustainable. The carbon balance often proves to be negative

147

Legislating Biofuels in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Legislating Biofuels in the United States Wendy Clark National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado, USA 2008 SAE Biofuels Specifications and Performance Symposium July 7-9, 2008, Paris NREL PR-540 Legislate Biofuels? · Plentiful U.S. biomass resources: energy crops, agricultural and forestry residues

148

Driving on Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for future liquid biofuels might be better directed...because of higher energy density and at...priority for future biofuel research. However...perhaps including algae or thermochemical...support research alternatives that look beyond...biomass yields and the energy density of biomass...

John Ohlrogge; Doug Allen; Bill Berguson; Dean DellaPenna; Yair Shachar-Hill; Sten Stymne

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

149

Forest Biomass Supply for BioForest Biomass Supply for Bio--productionproduction in the Southeastern United Statesin the Southeastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Biomass Supply for BioForest Biomass Supply for BioBio--production and biomass utilizationsproduction and biomass utilizations Industrial sector: for heat and steam Utility sector: for electricity Forest biomass: Agricultural biomass: Transportation sector: for biofuels

Gray, Matthew

150

Energy 101: Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels Biofuels Energy 101: Biofuels August 16, 2013 - 12:11pm Addthis Learn how biomass is converted into clean, renewable transportation fuels to power our cars, trucks, planes, and trains. Biomass is an organic renewable energy source that includes materials such as agriculture and forest residues, energy crops, and algae. Scientists and engineers at the U.S. Department of Energy and its national laboratories are finding new, more efficient ways to convert biomass into biofuels that can take the place of conventional fuels like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. This edition of Energy 101 shows how biomass is broken down and refined into sustainable biofuels via biochemical and thermochemical processes. For more information on biofuels from the Office of Energy Efficiency and

151

Stable carbon fractionation in size-segregated aerosol particles produced by controlled biomass burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Six different biomass fuel types (wood pellets, sunflower stalk pellets, straw pellets, buckwheat shells, mixed biomass waste pellets, and grain screenings) and wastewater sludge pellets were burned under controlled conditions to determine the effect of the biomass type on the emitted particulate matter mass and stable carbon isotope composition of bulk and size-segregated particles. Aerosol particles were sampled using the total suspended particle (TSP) sampler and a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor (MOUDI). The results demonstrated that particle emissions were dominated by the submicron particles (size <1m) in all biomass types. However, significant differences in emissions of submicron particles and their dominant sizes were found between different biomass fuels. The isotopic fractionation between aerosol particles and original biomass material varied from ?0.940.23 to 1.120.16. The largest negative fractionation ?0.940.23 was obtained for the wood pellet fuel type while the largest positive isotopic fractionation (1.120.16) was observed during the grain screenings combustion. The carbon isotope composition of MOUDI samples compared very well with the isotope composition of TSP samples indicating consistency of the results. The measurements of the stable carbon isotope ratio in size-segregated aerosol particles suggested that combustion processes could strongly affect isotopic fractionation in aerosol particles of different sizes thereby potentially affecting an interpretation of ambient atmospheric observations.

A. Garbaras; A. Masalaite; I. Garbariene; D. Ceburnis; E. Krugly; V. Remeikis; E. Puida; K. Kvietkus; D. Martuzevicius

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Carbon accumulation in the biomass and soil of different aged secondary forests in the humid tropics of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it mainly in hard biomass (wood) with a slow turnover rate of 14­19 years for native forests in ChileCarbon accumulation in the biomass and soil of different aged secondary forests in the humid Received in revised form 17 June 2011 Accepted 21 June 2011 Available online 23 July 2011 Keywords: Biomass

Rey Benayas, José María

153

Global Biofuel Production and Food Security: Implications for Asia Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commodity prices --Key facts about biofuels --How important to energy markets and agriculture? --Factors facts about biofuels: small role in energy markets Biofuels Remaining a Miniscule Share of Global costs of commercializing conversion of cellulosic biomass to ethanol and other biofuels, including drop

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Drop-In Biofuels to Drop-In Biofuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Drop-In Biofuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels Drop-In Biofuels Drop-in biofuels are hydrocarbon fuels substantially similar to gasoline, diesel, or jet fuels. These fuels can be made from a variety of biomass feedstocks including crop residues, woody biomass, dedicated energy crops,

155

Assessing the environmental sustainability of biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biosolids, such as woodpellets or forestry waste, and biogas, produced by anaerobic 44 digestion of biomass, are used primarily for electricity generation and heating, whereas 45 liquid biofuels provide drop-in fuels that can be used directly... /supply have led to preferred practices. 49 Interestingly, within the EU, the current laws controlling the production and use of liquid 50 biofuels are more stringent than for solid biomass and biogas. Liquid biofuels are regulated 51 both by the EU Fuel...

Kazamia, Elena; Smith, Alison G.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog NOT CITE #12;Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog 2 Contents ......................................................................................................................................12 1.a. The Need for Low Carbon Biofuels

California at Davis, University of

157

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6. Item statistics for the data files in this numeric data package 6. Item statistics for the data files in this numeric data package Number Number of Number Number of unique Standard File name Cell size columns of rows of records values Item(s) Minimum Maximum Mean deviation Biomass.e00 3.75 km 2598 1608 n/a 2200 ac,pc 1 2200 270.32 503.09 Biomassx.e00 0.25 deg 421 238 n/a 2209 ac,pc 1 2209 376.30 636.81 ac.dat 3.75 km 2598 1608 1614 281 ac 7 383 145.17 61.72 acx.dat 0.25 deg 421 238 244 279 ac 7 336 143.33 61.28

158

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1. Redistribution of the data as a result of the resampling process 1. Redistribution of the data as a result of the resampling process Variable Number of name unique values Minimum Maximum Cell size Grid name AC 281 7 383 3.75 km BIOMASS AC 279 7 336 0.25 degree BIOMASSX PC 30 14 393 3.75 km BIOMASS PC 288 43 402 0.25 degree BIOMASSX CLIMI 20 1 20 3.75 km CLIMATE CLIMI 20 1 20 0.25 degree CLIMATEX PRECIP 13 1 13 3.75 km CLIMATE PRECIP 13 1 13 0.25 degree CLIMATEX POP 14 1 14 3.75 km DEMOG

159

Biofuel Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of plant biomass and conversion technology, in Plant Biomass Conversion ISBN: 978-?0-?8138-?1694-?into agricultural biomass conversion. Plant Biomass

Klein-Marcuschamer, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

NREL: Biomass Research - Joseph Shekiro  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Deacetylation and Mechanical (Disc) Refining Process for the Conversion of Renewable Biomass to Lower Cost Sugars." Biotechnology for Biofuels (7:7). Shekiro, J. ; Kuhn, E.M.;...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bio-oils Upgrading for Second Generation Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bio-oils Upgrading for Second Generation Biofuels ... The present review is then focused on the upgrading possibilities of renewable nonedible feedstocks, obtained from biomass fast pyrolysis or liquefaction, in petroleum refineries, toward the production of second generation biofuels. ...

Ins Graa; Jos M. Lopes; Henrique S. Cerqueira; Maria F. Ribeiro

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

162

Implications of a large global root biomass for carbon sink estimates and for soil carbon dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and J.-M Ottorini2001Root biomass and biomass increment in a beech (Fagus sylvatica...McMurtrie, and H McGilvray2002Does conversion of forest to agricultural land...H , and O Nagel2000The role of biomass allocation in the growth response...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Implications of a large global root biomass for carbon sink estimates and for soil carbon dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the time when foliage, wood, debris, roots and...and 97% of global root biomass (Jackson et al. 1996...tropical woodland or plantation classes defined by Mokany...not rely exclusively on biomass inventories? The 1990-2005...rules for patterns of biomass partitioning in seed...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Advanced Biofuels Workshop  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 1, 2012 August 1, 2012 In Attendance U.S. Energy Information Administration 1000 Independence Ave. SW, Room 2E-069 Washington, DC 20585 Adam Sieminski EIA Terry Higgins Hart Downstream Energy Services Peter Ryus RSB Services Foundation Zia Haq DOE Robert Kozak Atlantic Biomass Conversion Leticia Phillips UNICA/Brazillian Sugarecane Industry Assoc. Paul Kamp Leifmark, LLC/Inbicon Biomass Steve Gerber Fiberight Joanne Ivancic Advanced Biofuels USA John G. Cowie Agenda 2020 Technology Alliance Jeff Hazle American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers Bryan Just American Petroleum Institute Barry Bernfeld Bunge Global Agribusiness Michael Corbin CLF Partners International LLC Paul Grabowski DOE, Office of Biomass Program

165

Assessment of carbon stores in tree biomass for two management scenarios inRussia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate quantification of terrestrial carbon storage and its change is of key importance to improved understanding of global carbon dynamics. Forest management influences carbon sequestration and release patterns, and gap models are well suited for evaluating carbon storage. An individual-based gap model of forest dynamics, FAREAST, is applied across Russia to estimate aboveground carbon storage under management scenarios. Current biomass from inventoried forests across Russia is compared to model-based estimates and potential levels of biomass are estimated for a set of simplified forestry practices. Current carbon storage in eastern Russia was lower than for the northwest and south, and lower than model estimates likely due to high rates of disturbance. Model-derived carbon storage in all regions was not significantly different between the simulated 'current' and hypothetical 'even-aged' management strategies using rotations of 150 and 210 years. Simulations allowing natural maturation and harvest after 150 years show a significant increase in aboveground carbon in all regions. However, it is unlikely that forests would be left unharvested to 150 years of age to attain this condition. These applications indicate the value of stand simulators, applied over broad regions such as Russia, as tools to evaluate the effect of management regimes on aboveground carbon storage.

Jacquelyn K Shuman; Herman H Shugart; Olga N Krankina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Energy Department Announces $11 Million to Advance Renewable Carbon Fiber Production from Biomass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department announced today up to $11.3 million for two projects that aim to advance the production of cost-competitive, high-performance carbon fiber material from renewable, non-food-based feedstocks, such as agricultural residues and woody biomass.

167

Biomass crops can be used for biological disinfestation and remediation of soils and water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liquid biofuels from biomass: The writings on the walls. Newreduced feed intake. Biomass crop sustainability flexibilityMC, et al. 2009. Cali- fornia biomass resources, potentials,

Stapleton, James J; Banuelos, Gary

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Flambeau River Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flambeau River Biofuels Flambeau River Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Flambeau River Biofuels Place Park Falls, Wisconsin Sector Biomass Product A subsidiary of Flambeau River Papers LLC that plans to develop a Fischer Tropsch diesel project in Park Falls, Wisconsin that will process residual wood biomass from forest and agricultural sources. References Flambeau River Biofuels[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Flambeau River Biofuels is a company located in Park Falls, Wisconsin . References ↑ "Flambeau River Biofuels" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Flambeau_River_Biofuels&oldid=345407" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

169

Achieving Deep Cuts in the Carbon Intensity of U.S. Automobile Transportation by 2050: Complementary Roles for Electricity and Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Achieving Deep Cuts in the Carbon Intensity of U.S. Automobile Transportation by 2050: Complementary Roles for Electricity and Biofuels ... Electricity could supply the majority of daily fuel demand through the use of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), while biofuels could fuel long trips or travel in areas with insufficient charging infrastructure. ... To assess the likely reduction in reliance on gasoline, we estimate the quantity of Miscanthus, corn stover, and wheat straw available for conversion to fuel and compare the resulting volume of ethanol with the quantity of ethanol necessary to replace all conventional gasoline used for passenger automobiles with E85. ...

Corinne D. Scown; Michael Taptich; Arpad Horvath; Thomas E. McKone; William W. Nazaroff

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

Indirect land-use changes can overcome carbon savings from biofuels in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the land rather than on allocating the market demand for livestock...the USDA (2009) Livestock and grain market news (http...WMJ, et al. (2008) Jatropha bio-diesel production and use. Biomass & Bioenergy...

David M. Lapola; Ruediger Schaldach; Joseph Alcamo; Alberte Bondeau; Jennifer Koch; Christina Koelking; Joerg A. Priess

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Special Seminar Realizing the Full Potential of Algal Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Algal Biofuels Dr. Ronald R. Chance Senior Scientific Advisor, Physical Sciences Algenol Biofuels Fort: Although biofuels have great potential as lower-carbon-footprint, drop-in fuels for existing transportation, economic viability, and achievable reduction in carbon footprint. A cyanobacteria-based biofuels system

Garfunkel, Eric

172

Biomass Producer or Collector Tax Credit (Oregon)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Oregon Department of Energy provides a tax credit for agricultural producers or collectors of biomass. The credit can be used for eligible biomass used to produce biofuel; biomass used in...

173

Multiphase Flow Modeling of Biofuel Production Processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Idaho National Laboratory's (INL's) Secure Energy Initiative, the INL is performing research in areas that are vital to ensuring clean, secure energy supplies for the future. The INL Hybrid Energy Systems Testing (HYTEST) Laboratory is being established to develop and test hybrid energy systems with the principal objective to safeguard U.S. Energy Security by reducing dependence on foreign petroleum. HYTEST involves producing liquid fuels in a Hybrid Energy System (HES) by integrating carbon-based (i.e., bio-mass, oil-shale, etc.) with non-carbon based energy sources (i.e., wind energy, hydro, geothermal, nuclear, etc.). Advances in process development, control and modeling are the unifying vision for HES. This paper describes new modeling tools and methodologies to simulate advanced energy processes. Needs are emerging that require advanced computational modeling of multiphase reacting systems in the energy arena, driven by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, which requires production of 36 billion gal/yr of biofuels by 2022, with 21 billion gal of this as advanced biofuels. Advanced biofuels derived from microalgal biomass have the potential to help achieve the 21 billion gal mandate, as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Production of biofuels from microalgae is receiving considerable interest due to their potentially high oil yields (around 600 gal/acre). Microalgae have a high lipid content (up to 50%) and grow 10 to 100 times faster than terrestrial plants. The use of environmentally friendly alternatives to solvents and reagents commonly employed in reaction and phase separation processes is being explored. This is accomplished through the use of hydrothermal technologies, which are chemical and physical transformations in high-temperature (200-600 C), high-pressure (5-40 MPa) liquid or supercritical water. Figure 1 shows a simplified diagram of the production of biofuels from algae. Hydrothermal processing has significant advantages over other biomass processing methods with respect to separations. These 'green' alternatives employ a hybrid medium that, when operated supercritically, offers the prospect of tunable physicochemical properties. Solubility can be rapidly altered and phases partitioned selectively to precipitate or dissolve certain components by altering temperature or pressure in the near-critical region. The ability to tune the solvation properties of water in the highly compressible near-critical region facilitates partitioning of products or by-products into separate phases to separate and purify products. Since most challenges related to lipid extraction are associated with the industrial scale-up of integrated extraction systems, the new modeling capability offers the prospect of addressing previously untenable scaling issues.

D. Gaston; D. P. Guillen; J. Tester

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Attributing land-use change carbon emissions to exported biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, a simple, transparent and robust method is developed in which land-use change (LUC) emissions are retrospectively attributed to exported biomass products based on the agricultural area occupied for the production. LUC emissions account for approximately one-fifth of current greenhouse gas emissions. Increasing agricultural exports are becoming an important driver of deforestation. Brazil and Indonesia are used as case studies due to their significant deforestation in recent years. According to our study, in 2007, approximately 32% and 15% of the total agricultural land harvested and LUC emissions in Brazil and Indonesia respectively were due to exports. The most important exported single items with regard to deforestation were palm oil for Indonesia and bovine meat for Brazil. To reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions effectively worldwide, leakage of emissions should be avoided. This can be done, for example, by attributing embodied LUC emissions to exported biomass products. With the approach developed in this study, controversial attribution between direct and indirect LUC and amortization of emissions over the product life cycle can be overcome, as the method operates on an average basis and annual level. The approach could be considered in the context of the UNFCCC climate policy instead of, or alongside with, other instruments aimed at reducing deforestation. However, the quality of the data should be improved and some methodological issues, such as the allocation procedure in multiproduct systems and the possible dilution effect through third parties not committed to emission reduction targets, should be considered. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CO{sub 2} emissions from land use changes are highly important. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Attribution of land use changes for products is difficult. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Simple and robust method is developed to attribute land use change emissions.

Saikku, Laura, E-mail: laura.saikku@helsinki.fi [University of Helsinki, P.O Box 65, 00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Soimakallio, Sampo, E-mail: sampo.soimakallio@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT (Finland); Pingoud, Kim, E-mail: kim.pingoud@vtt.fi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT (Finland)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

NREL: Biomass Research - Thomas Foust  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thomas Foust Thomas Foust Photo of Thomas Foust Dr. Thomas Foust is an internationally recognized expert in the biomass field. His areas of expertise include feedstock production, biomass-to-fuels conversion technologies, and environmental and societal sustainability issues associated with biofuels. He has more than 20 years of research and research management experience, specializing in biomass feedstocks and conversion technologies. As National Bioenergy Center Director, Dr. Foust guides and directs NREL's research efforts to develop biomass conversion technologies via biochemical and thermochemical routes, as well as critical research areas addressing the sustainability of biofuels. This research focuses on developing the necessary science and technology for converting biomass to biofuels,

176

NREL: Biomass Research - Jack Ferrell, Ph.D.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analytical development for pyrolysis oil, and on kinetic and hydrodynamic modeling of biomass-to-biofuels processes. Research Interests Thermochemical conversion of biomass to...

177

Secretary Moniz Speaks at Biomass 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biomass 2013 Secretary Moniz Speaks at Biomass 2013 Addthis Speakers Secretary Ernest Moniz Duration 22:43 Topic Biofuels Bioenergy Biological Science...

178

Time-dependent inversion estimates of global biomass-burning CO emissions using Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel/biofuel combustion (FFBF), biomass burning (BIOM) andsource from fuel combustion as well as biomass burning of

Arellano, Avelino F; Kasibhatla, Prasad S; Giglio, Louis; van der Werf, Guido R; Randerson, James T; Collatz, G. James

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A global analysis of soil microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil microbes play a pivotal role in regulating land-atmosphere interactions; the soil microbial biomass carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and C:N:P stoichiometry are important regulators for soil biogeochemical processes; however, the current knowledge on magnitude, stoichiometry, storage, and spatial distribution of global soil microbial biomass C, N, and P is limited. In this study, 3087 pairs of data points were retrieved from 281 published papers and further used to summarize the magnitudes and stoichiometries of C, N, and P in soils and soil microbial biomass at global- and biome-levels. Finally, global stock and spatial distribution of microbial biomass C and N in 0-30 cm and 0-100 cm soil profiles were estimated. The results show that C, N, and P in soils and soil microbial biomass vary substantially across biomes; the fractions of soil nutrient C, N, and P in soil microbial biomass are 1.6% in a 95% confidence interval of (1.5%-1.6%), 2.9% in a 95% confidence interval of (2.8%-3.0%), and 4.4% in a 95% confidence interval of (3.9%-5.0%), respectively. The best estimates of C:N:P stoichiometries for soil nutrients and soil microbial biomass are 153:11:1, and 47:6:1, respectively, at global scale, and they vary in a wide range among biomes. Vertical distribution of soil microbial biomass follows the distribution of roots up to 1 m depth. The global stock of soil microbial biomass C and N were estimated to be 15.2 Pg C and 2.3 Pg N in the 0-30 cm soil profiles, and 21.2 Pg C and 3.2 Pg N in the 0-100 cm soil profiles. We did not estimate P in soil microbial biomass due to data shortage and insignificant correlation with soil total P and climate variables. The spatial patterns of soil microbial biomass C and N were consistent with those of soil organic C and total N, i.e. high density in northern high latitude, and low density in low latitudes and southern hemisphere.

Xu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Carbohydra...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bryna Berendzen Office of the Biomass Program U.S. Department of Energy Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Carbohydrates Report-Out Webinar February 9,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sd-Chemie, Linde to produce climate-friendly biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sd-Chemie AG and The Linde Group have launched the production of climate-friendly biofuels based on lignocellulosic biomass in Munich, Germany.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Functional carbons and carbon nanohybrids for the catalytic conversion of biomass to renewable chemicals in the condensed phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The production of chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass provides opportunities to synthesize chemicals with new functionalities and grow a more sustainable chemical industry. However, new challenges emerge as research transitions from petrochemistry to biorenewable chemistry. Compared to petrochemisty, the selective conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates requires most catalytic reactions to take place at low temperatures (< 300 C) and in the condensed phase to prevent reactants and products from degrading. The stability of heterogeneous catalysts in liquid water above the normal boiling point represents one of the major challenges to overcome. Herein, we review some of the latest advances in the field with an emphasis on the role of carbon materials and carbon nanohybrids in addressing this challenge.

John Matthiesen; Thomas Hoff; Chi Liu; Charles Pueschel; Radhika Rao; Jean-Philippe Tessonnier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Functional carbons and carbon nanohybrids for the catalytic conversion of biomass to renewable chemicals in the condensed phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass provides opportunities to synthesize chemicals with new functionalities and grow a more sustainable chemical industry. However, new challenges emerge as research transitions from petrochemistry to biorenewable chemistry. Compared to petrochemisty, the selective conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates requires most catalytic reactions to take place at low temperatures (< 300?) and in the condensed phase to prevent reactants and products from degrading. The stability of heterogeneous catalysts in liquid water above the normal boiling point represents one of the major challenges to overcome. Herein, we review some of the latest advances in the field with an emphasis on the role of carbon materials and carbon nanohybrids in addressing this challenge.

Matthiesen, John; Hoff, Thomas; Liu, Chi; Pueschel, Charles; Rao, Radhika; Tessonnier, Jean-Philippe

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Ethanol (1)bio) Carbon Emissions (MMTCe/year) Ethanol Use (Quads) Biofuel Gasoline/DieselBio) Ethanol Use (Quads) Carbon Index (MMTCe/Quad) Biofuel Gasoline/Diesel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity CNG F-T Diesel Bio-Diesel Methanol Ethanol (1)bio) Carbon Emissions (MMTCe/year) Ethanol Use (Quads) Biofuel Gasoline/DieselBio) Ethanol Use (Quads) Carbon Index (MMTCe/Quad) Biofuel Gasoline/Diesel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Definition: Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dictionary.png Dictionary.png Biofuels Biomass converted to liquid or gaseous fuels such as ethanol, methanol, hydrogen and methane; primarily used for transportation. A form of bioenergy.[1][2][3][4] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Liquid fuels and blending components produced from biomass (plant) feedstocks, used primarily for transportation., Bio fuels are liquid fuels that are produced of plant material or herbal remains., No reegle definition available Related Terms Bioenergy, Biomass, Ethanol, Biodiesel, energy, fossil fuels, fuel cell References ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/glossary.html ↑ http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/biofuels/index.html?scp=1&sq=biomass&st=Search ↑ http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy00osti/25876.pdf

187

School of Engineering and Science Algae Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School of Engineering and Science Algae Biofuels BY: Alessandro Faldi, Ph.D. Section Head is algae- based biofuels, which we believe could be a meaningful part of the energy mix in the future. Algae biofuels have potential to be an economically viable, low-net carbon transportation fuel

Fisher, Frank

188

Anaerobic Digestion of Algal Biomass Residues with Nutrient Recycle Microalgae are currently considered as a renewable source of liquid and gaseous biofuels and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and their entrained lipids, can offer several different types of biofuel and bioenergy production options including as well as suitably large and viable markets (Chakraborty et al., 2012; Miao et al., 2012). Both

Collins, Gary S.

189

57Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment Vol. 01, No. 01 (2011) 57-71 Estimation of Above Ground Tree Biomass and Carbon of Pinus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground Tree Biomass and Carbon of Pinus caribaea (Morelet) S.M.C.U.P. Subasinghe*, G.B. Munasinghe stocks as forest biomass. This study was conducted using an empirical method to understand the biomass and stored carbon by forest plantations in Sri Lanka. Further, in this study, the possibility of predicting

190

SCENARIOS FOR MEETING CALIFORNIA'S 2050 CLIMATE GOALS California's Carbon Challenge Phase II Volume I: Non-Electricity Sectors and Overall Scenario Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Potential for Biofuels (Sacramento, CA). Available atlow-carbon footprint biofuels to largely replace petroleum-efficiency, low-carbon biofuels, low-carbon electricity iv

Wei, Max

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels Project Locations Biofuels Project Locations BlueFire Ethanol Biochemical Municipal Solid Waste (Mecca, CA) Poet Biochemical Corn Cob/Corn Fiber (Emmetsburg, IA) Lignol Biochemical Woody Biomass- Ag Residues (Grand Junction, CO) ICM Biochemical Switchgrass, Forage Sorghum, Stover (St. Joseph, MO) Abengoa Biochemica Agricultural Residue (Hugoton, KS) DOE Joint Bioenergy Institute (Berkeley, CA) DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (Madison, WI) DOE Bioenergy Science Center (Oak Ridge, TN) NewPage Thermochemical Woody Biomass - Mill Residues (Wisconsin Rapids, WI) Range Fuels Thermochemical Woody Waste (Soperton, GA) DSM Innovation Center Biochemical Various (Parsippany, NJ) Novozymes Biochemical Various (Davis, CA) Genencor Biochemical Various (Palo Alto, CA) Verenium Corp Biochemical Various (San Diego, CA)

192

Energy 101 | Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

101 | Biofuels 101 | Biofuels Energy 101 | Biofuels July 25, 2012 - 2:14pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Biofuels are a key part of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above strategy to deploy every available source of American energy. To reduce our dependence on imported oil we need an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy to develop every available source of American energy. This includes investments in clean, renewable biofuels. So what exactly is biofuel? It's clean, renewable fuel produced from biomass -- organic material such as plants, residue from agriculture, and even algae. At the Energy Department, we are taking a number of steps to develop the next generation of biofuels - including our joint announcement today with

193

Biomass Power Association (BPA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Power Association (BPA) Biomass Power Association (BPA) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Power Association (BPA) Agency/Company /Organization: Biomass Power Association Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.usabiomass.org Cost: Free References: Biomass Power Association[1] The website includes information on biomass power basics, renewable electricity standards, and updates on legislation affecting biomass power plants. Overview "The Biomass Power Association is the nation's leading organization working to expand and advance the use of clean, renewable biomass

194

Biomass burning contribution to black carbon in the Western United States Mountain Ranges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the atmosphere from biomass burning, Climatic Change, 2,Chemistry and Physics Biomass burning contribution to black2011 Y. H. Mao et al. : Biomass burning contribution to

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Strength, storage, and combustion characteristics of densified lignocellulosic biomass produced via torrefaction and hydrothermal carbonization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass has the potential to produce sustainable clean-green energy and other bio-based materials. However, due to the inferior physicochemical properties compared to coal, biomass is not regarded as an ideal feedstock for industrial applications. The work presented in this study evaluates the feasibility of two different thermal pre-treatments, torrefaction and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), followed by densification. The densified and pretreated samples obtained from miscanthus feedstock were characterized in terms of the strength, storage, and combustion properties for energy applications. The results showed that both the thermal pre-treatments are promising methods for upgrading biomass. However, the HTC pellets showed considerably superior physicochemical properties when compared to the raw and torrefied pellets. The mass density (mass per unit volume) and volumetric energy density (HHV per unit volume) of the pellets produced via HTC at 260C was significantly higher (1036kg/m3, 26.9GJ/m3) compared to raw pellets (834kg/m3, 15.7GJ/m3) and torrefied pellets (820kg/m3, 16.7GJ/m3). Moreover, the HTC pellets showed improved hydrophobicity, reduction in ash content, reduction in alkali and alkaline earth metal content, and a considerable increase in the carbon content. Based on these results, the HTC pellets have potential for the heat and power applications, including replacing coal in the existing coal-fired power plants without any significant modifications.

Harpreet Singh Kambo; Animesh Dutta

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Changes in soil organic carbon under biofuel crops K R I S T I N A J . A N D E R S O N -T E I X E I R A *, S A R A H C . D AV I S w , M I C H A E L D . M A S T E R S * and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Changes in soil organic carbon under biofuel crops K R I S T I N A J . A N D E R S O N - T E I X E of growing biofuel crops will be the sequestration or release of carbon (C) in soil. Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents an important C sink in the lifecycle C balances of biofuels and strongly influences soil quality

DeLucia, Evan H.

197

UCSD Biomass to Power Economic Feasibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure1:WestBiofuelsBiomassGasificationtoPowerprocesswillutilize gasificationtechnologyprovidedbyis pioneeringthegasificationtechnologythathasbeen

Cattolica, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainbility and Competitiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainbility and Competitiveness the Hemicellulosic Fraction of Biomass into Biofuel F. Ben Chaabane and R. Marchal IFP Energies nouvelles the Hemicellulosic Fraction of Biomass into Biofuel -- Hemicelluloses are polymers composed mainly of C5 sugars

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

199

African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Jump to: navigation, search Name African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Agency/Company /Organization African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Compnay (ABREC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, - Biofuels Website http://www.bidc-ebid.com/en/fo Country Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa References African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF)[1]

200

Biofuels, Land, and Water: A Systems Approach to Sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels, Land, and Water: A Systems Approach to Sustainability ... This study presents a systems approach to the challenge of biofuel sustainability where environmental liabilities are used as recoverable resources for biomass feedstock production. ... There are suggestions that water quantity and quality impacts are likely to be significant as a result of increased biofuel production, especially when grain-based biofuels are the feedstock of choice (16, 17). ...

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan; M. Cristina Negri; Michael Wang; May Wu; Seth W. Snyder; Lorraine LaFreniere

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source. August 27, 2013 Tarryn Miller: Fueling biofuel's promise Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source. "Utilizing scientific discoveries for the good of human kind and flora and fauna here on earth has the utmost importance in my mind. If I can help create a sustainable energy source, that's a step in the right direction." » Return to homepage Student intern driven to develop cyanobacteria as viable carbon-neutral energy source Biochemist Tarryn Miller has always loved plants. Raised in an agricultural community, the Los Alamos research assistant was

202

Gasification Characteristics of Hydrothermal Carbonized Biomass in an Updraft Pilot-Scale Gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gasification Characteristics of Hydrothermal Carbonized Biomass in an Updraft Pilot-Scale Gasifier ... At elevated temperatures near 200250 C at or above the saturation pressure, the process is carried out in a medium of water with a residence time varying between 3 and 8 h. ... When the gasification experiments were performed in a pilot-scale gasifier and air preheated to 900 C was used as the gasifying medium, the H2, CO2, and hydrocarbon contents decreased with the ER value and the CO content increased. ...

Duleeka Sandamali Gunarathne; Andreas Mueller; Sabine Fleck; Thomas Kolb; Jan Karol Chmielewski; Weihong Yang; Wlodzimierz Blasiak

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

203

Impact of the Presence of Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide on Gas Oil Hydrotreatment: Investigation on Liquids from Biomass Cotreatment with Petroleum Cuts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of the Presence of Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide on Gas Oil Hydrotreatment: Investigation on Liquids from Biomass Cotreatment with Petroleum Cuts ... A potential way of utilizing these bioliquids as fuels could be the direct hydrotreatment(6) or the cohydrotreatment with petroleum fractions,(7) such as atmospheric gas oils, to achieve the technical and environmental fuel standards, especially in terms of sulfur content. ...

Ana Pinheiro; Nathalie Dupassieux; Damien Hudebine; Christophe Geantet

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

204

U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Algae Biofuels Technology Algae Biofuels Technology Office Of Biomass Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Jonathan L. Male May 27, 2010 Biomass Program * Make cellulosic ethanol cost competitive, at a modeled cost for mature technology of $1.76/gallon by 2017 * Help create an environment conducive to maximizing production and use of biofuels- 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels per year by 2022 (EISA) Feedstocks Biofuels Infrastructure Integrated Biorefineries Conversion Develop and transform our renewable and abundant, non-food, biomass resources into sustainable, cost-competitive, high-performance biofuels, bioproducts and biopower. Focus on targeted research, development, and demonstration * Through public and private partnerships * Deploy in integrated biorefineries

205

Energy Programs | Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels Biofuels Harnessing the power of plants to fuel our future Page 1 of 2 BNL Researcher with corn Finding alternatives to corn-based ethanol is one of the major goals of Brookhaven's biofuels research effort. The effort to identify and tailor new energy sources from plant products could go a long way towards addressing our nation's future energy needs. Plants are efficient energy scavengers, using sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates and other products that fuel every living thing on Earth. When we burn fossil fuels to generate heat or electricity, we tap into this ancient source of energy, locked up long ago by the plants and animals that decayed to form those fuels. But dwindling supplies, high costs, and environmental consequences of fossil fuels, such

206

NREL: Computational Science - Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Fuels Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Fuels Scientists in the Computational Science Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and their partners use the latest terascale high-performance computers to probe the complex enzymatic cellulose depolymerization (i.e., breakdown) at the molecular level as biomass is converted to fuels. For a sustainable and economically viable liquid-fuel economy, America needs a carbon-neutral alternative to fossil fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass (i.e., agricultural residues, energy crops, and wood) could serve as the dominant feedstock for biofuels, if it can be efficiently and economically converted to its component sugars for microbial fermentation. One major obstacle to the use of biomass is the high resistance of crystalline

207

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Deduction The cost of purchasing qualified biomass feedstocks to be processed into

208

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Advanced Biofuel Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Feedstock Incentives The Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP; Section 9010) provides financial

209

Biofuel breakdown | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuel breakdown Biofuel breakdown SCF1 frees plant sugars in lignin for sustainable biofuels Lignin, the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant, binds and protects cellulose...

210

NREL: Vehicles and Fuels Research - Biofuels Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels Projects Biofuels Projects NREL biofuels projects help overcome technical barriers and expand markets for renewable, biodegradable vehicle fuels. These new liquid fuels include higher-level ethanol blends, butanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, and other biomass-derived fuels. NREL's biofuels research and development helps improve engine efficiency, reduce polluting emissions, and improve U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependency. Biofuels for Diesel Engines NREL's diesel biofuels research and development focuses on developing fuel quality standards and demonstrating compatibility with engines and emission control systems. Highly efficient heavy-duty diesel truck engines are the primary power source for global transportation of freight. Light-duty diesel-fueled passenger vehicles have much higher fuel economy than

211

Biofuel Economics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As concerns regarding increasing energy prices, global warming and renewable resources continue to grow, so has scientific discovery into agricultural biomass conversion. Plant Biomass Conversion addresses both the development of plant biomass and conversion technology, in addition to issues surrounding biomass conversion, such as the affect on water resources and soil sustainability. This book also offers a brief overview of the current status of the industry and examples of production plants being used in current biomass conversion efforts.

Klein-Marcuschamer, Daniel; Holmes, Brad; Simmons, Blake; Blanch, Harvey

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

NREL: Biomass Research - Biomass Characterization Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Characterization Capabilities Biomass Characterization Capabilities A photo of a man wearing a white lab coat and looking into a large microscope. A researcher uses an Atomic Force Microscope to image enzymes used in biochemical conversion. Through biomass characterization, NREL develops, refines, and validates rapid and cost-effective methods to determine the chemical composition of biomass samples before and after pretreatment, as well as during bioconversion processing. Detailed and accurate characterization of biomass feedstocks, intermediates, and products is a necessity for any biomass-to-biofuels conversion. Understanding how the individual biomass components and reaction products interact at each stage in the process is important for researchers. With a large inventory of standard biomass samples as reference materials,

213

The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels This PDF focuses on the Biomass Program's...

214

Synthesis of three advanced biofuels from ionic liquid-pretreated switchgrass using engineered Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and yard waste, respectively...for yard waste control strain...pCellulose on plant biomass treated...liquid pre-treatment . Biofuel...Insights into plant cell wall degradation...bioenergy systems . Biofuels Bioprod...2010 ) An integrated catalytic approach...

Gregory Bokinsky; Pamela P. Peralta-Yahya; Anthe George; Bradley M. Holmes; Eric J. Steen; Jeffrey Dietrich; Taek Soon Lee; Danielle Tullman-Ercek; Christopher A. Voigt; Blake A. Simmons; Jay D. Keasling

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

NREL: Biomass Research - Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities Capabilities A photo of a series of large metal tanks connected by a network of pipes. Only the top portion of the tanks is visible above the metal floor grate. Each tank has a round porthole on the top. Two men examine one of the tanks at the far end of the floor. Sugars are converted into ethanol in fermentation tanks. This ethanol is then separated, purified, and recovered for use as a transportation fuel. NREL biomass researchers and scientists have strong capabilities in many facets of biomass technology that support the cost-effective conversion of biomass to biofuels-capabilities that are in demand. The NREL biomass staff partners with other national laboratories, academic institutions, and commercial entities at every stage of the biomass-to-biofuels conversion process. For these partners, our biomass

216

Assessing general relationships between aboveground biomass and vegetation structure parameters for improved carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Assessing general relationships between aboveground biomass 2010; published 23 June 2010. [1] Lidarbased aboveground biomass is derived based on the empirical relationship between lidarmeasured vegetation height and aboveground biomass, often leading to large

Ni-Meister, Wenge

217

Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa May 7, 2010 - 4:45pm Addthis Cellulosic biofuels made from agricultural waste have caught the attention of many farmers and could be the next revolution in renewable biofuels production. This video shows how an innovative technology that converts waste products from corn harvests into renewable biofuels could help America produce billions of gallons of cellulosic biofuels in the upcoming decade. Addthis Related Articles NREL Scientist Bryon Donohoe looks at different views of ultra structures of pre-treated biomass materials in the Cellular Visualization room of the Biomass Surface Characterization Lab. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL. On the Path to Low Cost Renewable Fuels, an Important Breakthrough

218

Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Feedstocks for Biofuels and More Feedstocks for Biofuels and More Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More Addthis Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More (Text Version) Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More video. The words "Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More" appear onscreen, followed by video of oil wells and oil tankers. Shots of various modes of transportation, including cars and planes. Nearly a billion dollars a day. That's how much we spend on oil imports in the U.S. - oil that powers our nation's transportation systems and industries. Shots of crops being harvested and processed. The words "Biofuels - Made from biomass" appear onscreen along with several vials of different biomass feedstocks, including corn fibers, peanut shells, and switchgrass.

219

NREL: Biomass Research - Thermochemical Conversion Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion Capabilities Conversion Capabilities NREL researchers are developing gasification and pyrolysis processes for the cost-effective thermochemical conversion of biomass to biofuels. Gasification-heating biomass with about one-third of the oxygen necessary for complete combustion-produces a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, known as syngas. Pyrolysis-heating biomass in the absence of oxygen-produces a liquid bio-oil. Both syngas and bio-oil can be used directly or can be converted to clean fuels and other valuable chemicals. Areas of emphasis in NREL's thermochemical conversion R&D are: Gasification and fuel synthesis R&D Pyrolysis R&D Thermochemical process integration. Gasification and Fuel Synthesis R&D Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video.

220

Reducing the uncertainties in carbon emissions fromReducing the uncertainties in carbon emissions from tropical deforestation -the BIOMASS mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from tropical deforestation - the BIOMASS mission Shaun Quegan University of Sheffield x average biomassCem = deforested area x average biomass (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Good Practice Guide 2003) #12;How well is biomass known? Model Model + SatelliteInterpolation Model

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

BNL | Biomass Burns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Burn Observation Project (BBOP) Biomass Burn Observation Project (BBOP) Aerosols from biomass burning are recognized to perturb Earth's climate through the direct effect (both scattering and absorption of incoming shortwave radiation), the semi-direct effect (evaporation of cloud drops due to absorbing aerosols), and indirect effects (by influencing cloud formation and precipitation. Biomass burning is an important aerosol source, providing an estimated 40% of anthropogenically influenced fine carbonaceous particles (Bond, et al., 2004; Andrea and Rosenfeld, 2008). Primary organic aerosol (POA) from open biomass burns and biofuel comprises the largest component of primary organic aerosol mass emissions at northern temperate latitudes (de Gouw and Jimenez, 2009). Data from the IMPROVE

222

FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT FOR FORESTRY BIOFUEL STATEWIDE COLLABORATION CENTER (MICHIGAN)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A team composed of scientists from Michigan State University (MSU) and Michigan Technological University (MTU) assembled to better understand, document, and improve systems for using forest-based biomass feedstocks in the production of energy products within Michigan. Work was funded by a grant (DE-EE-0000280) from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and was administered by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC). The goal of the project was to improve the forest feedstock supply infrastructure to sustainably provide woody biomass for biofuel production in Michigan over the long-term. Work was divided into four broad areas with associated objectives: TASK A: Develop a Forest-Based Biomass Assessment for Michigan Define forest-based feedstock inventory, availability, and the potential of forest-based feedstock to support state and federal renewable energy goals while maintaining current uses. TASK B: Improve Harvesting, Processing and Transportation Systems Identify and develop cost, energy, and carbon efficient harvesting, processing and transportation systems. TASK C: Improve Forest Feedstock Productivity and Sustainability Identify and develop sustainable feedstock production systems through the establishment and monitoring of a statewide network of field trials in forests and energy plantations. TASK D: Engage Stakeholders Increase understanding of forest biomass production systems for biofuels by a broad range of stakeholders. The goal and objectives of this research and development project were fulfilled with key model deliverables including: 1) The Forest Biomass Inventory System (Sub-task A1) of feedstock inventory and availability and, 2) The Supply Chain Model (Sub-task B2). Both models are vital to Michigans forest biomass industry and support forecasting delivered cost, as well as carbon and energy balance. All of these elements are important to facilitate investor, operational and policy decisions. All other sub-tasks supported the development of these two tools either directly or by building out supporting information in the forest biomass supply chain. Outreach efforts have, and are continuing to get these user friendly models and information to decision makers to support biomass feedstock supply chain decisions across the areas of biomass inventory and availability, procurement, harvest, forwarding, transportation and processing. Outreach will continue on the project website at http://www.michiganforestbiofuels.org/ and http://www.michiganwoodbiofuels.org/

LaCourt, Donna M.; Miller, Raymond O.; Shonnard, David R.

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

223

From Fields to Fuels: Recent Advances in the Microbial Production of Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a move toward consolidated bioprocessing (engineering a microorganism that is capable of both digesting biomass and converting the resulting sugars into biofuels), the group engineered the biofuel-producing strain to express and secrete xylanases that break down xylan into xylose, a pentose that is readily catabolized by E. coli. ... Another use of the ?-oxidation pathway in biofuel production is the production of methyl ketone biofuels in E. coli. ... With improvements in both biofuel synthesis pathways and biomass digestion capabilities, our approach could provide an economical route to prodn. of advanced biofuels. ...

Yan Kung; Weerawat Runguphan; Jay D. Keasling

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

224

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

Performance of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Complete 4 Relevance Objective: Solve technical problems that are preventing expanded markets for current and future biofuels and biofuel blends Necessary to achieve MYPP...

226

Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (biochar)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Char black carbon (BC), the solid residue of incomplete combustion, is continuously being added to soils and sediments due to natural vegetation fires, anthropogenic pollution, and new strategies for carbon sequestration ('biochar'). Here we present a molecular-level assessment of the physical organization and chemical complexity of biomass-derived chars and, specifically, that of aromatic carbon in char structures. BET-N{sub 2} surface area, X-ray diffraction (XRD), synchrotron-based Near-edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy are used to show how two plant materials (wood and grass) undergo analogous, but quantitatively different physical-chemical transitions as charring temperature increases from 100 to 700 C. These changes suggest the existence of four distinct categories of char consisting of a unique mixture of chemical phases and physical states: (i) in transition chars the crystalline character of the precursor materials is preserved, (ii) in amorphous chars the heat-altered molecules and incipient aromatic polycondensates are randomly mixed, (iii) composite chars consist of poorly ordered graphene stacks embedded in amorphous phases, and (iv) turbostratic chars are dominated by disordered graphitic crystallites. The molecular variations among the different char categories translate into differences in their ability to persist in the environment and function as environmental sorbents.

Keiluweit, M.; Nico, P.S.; Johnson, M.G.; Kleber, M.

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Year-round observations of carbon biomass and flux variability in the Southern Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three Carbon Explorer (CE) floats profiling to kilometer depths in the Southern Ocean tracked dawn-dusk variations of mixing/stratification, particulate organic carbon (POC), and light scattering and sedimentation at 100, 250, and 800 m continuously from January 2002 to April 2003. Data were analyzed in conjunction with contemporaneous satellite winds and chlorophyll and derived subsurface light fields. The CE deployed at 66{sup o}S 172{sup o}W operated in the ice edge zone in absence of light. Two CEs deployed at 55{sup o}S 172{sup o}W recorded wintertime mixing to {approx}400 m, yet observed very different bloom dynamics and sedimentation the following spring. Four hypotheses are explored. The strongest is that shallow transient stratification of the deep winter mixed layer to shallower than photosynthetic critical depth occurred more frequently in the non-bloom/higher sedimentation case. The lower particle export to 800 m under the bloom was hypothesized to be due to higher interception of sinking carbon by a relatively starved over wintering zooplankton population. In the Southern Ocean surface phytoplankton biomass may counter indicate particle flux at kilometer depths.

Bishop, James K.B.; Wood, Todd

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Reactivity during bench-scale combustion of biomass fuels for carbon capture and storage applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Reactivities of four biomass samples were investigated in four combustion atmospheres using non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) under two heating rates. The chosen combustion atmospheres reflect carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications and include O 2 and CO 2 -enrichment. Application of the CoatsRedfern method assessed changes in reactivity. Reactivity varied due to heating rate: the reactivity of char oxidation was lower at higher heating rates while devolatilisation reactions were less affected. In general, and particularly at the higher heating rate, increasing [ O 2 ] increased combustion reactivity. A lesser effect was observed when substituting N 2 for CO 2 as the comburent; in unenriched conditions this tended to reduce char oxidation reactivity while in O 2 -enriched conditions the reactivity marginally increased. Combustion in a typical, dry oxyfuel environment (30% O 2 , 70% CO 2 ) was more reactive than in air in TGA experiments. These biomass results should interest researchers seeking to understand phenomena occurring in larger scale CCS-relevant experiments.

S. Pickard; S.S. Daood; M. Pourkashanian; W. Nimmo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

230

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies...

231

Catalytic microwave torrefaction and pyrolysis of Douglas fir pellet to improve biofuel quality .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aims of this dissertation were to understand the effects of torrefaction as pretreatment on biomass pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis for improving biofuel quality, and (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Modeling Poplar Growth as a Short Rotation Woody Crop for Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

need to know ? Biomass and Bioenergy 14: 307315. 3. Hincheewoody crops for bioenergy and biofuels applications. Incoppices in Germany. GCB Bioenergy 5. Sims RE, Venturi P (

Hart, Quinn James

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Biomass Energy Program Grants | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biomass Energy Program Grants Biomass Energy Program Grants Biomass Energy Program Grants < Back Eligibility Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate Varies Program Info Funding Source U.S. Department of Energy's State Energy Program (SEP) State Michigan Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount Varies by solicitation; check website for each solicitation's details Provider Michigan Economic Development Corporation '''''The application window for the most recent grant opportunity closed November 26, 2012.''''' The Michigan Biomass Energy Program (MBEP) provides funding for state bioenergy and biofuels projects on a regular basis. Funding categories typically include biofuels and bioenergy education, biofuels

234

ASSESSMENT OF NON-INDUSTRIAL PRIVATE FOREST LANDOWNER WILLINGNESS TO HARVEST WOODY BIOMASS IN SUPPORT OF BIOENERGY PRODUCTION IN MISSISSIPPI.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Harvesting woody biomass for biofuel has become an important research topic. In Mississippi, feasibility of utilizing woody biomass for bioenergy lies in the willingness (more)

Gruchy, Steven Ray

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

HABITAT AND BIODIVERSITY MAPPING, FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ALGAL BIOMASS AQUACULTURE SITES IN THE COSTAL AREAS OF PUERTO RICO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HABITAT AND BIODIVERSITY MAPPING, FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ALGAL BIOMASS AQUACULTURE SITES production of algal biomass for the production of biofuels in Puerto Rico. The study evaluates

Gilbes, Fernando

236

Energy 101: Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels Biofuels Energy 101: Biofuels Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy: 101 Biofuels video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Biofuels." Time-lapse shot of airport traffic, followed by various shots of cars, trucks, airplanes, and trains in motion. We all know that it takes a lot of fuel to keep our country running, right? Cars, trucks, planes, trains... Shots of rural landscapes, followed by a shot of a biorefinery. What if we could develop a homegrown, renewable source for those fuels? Well, good news - we already are! Montage of biorefinery shots and shots of various feedstocks and harvesting. We can create clean, renewable transportation fuels from plants, trees, and a range of other organic materials - in other words, biomass. Shots of various feedstocks, followed by various laboratory and biorefinery

237

Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping Biomass Distribution Potential Michael Schaetzel Undergraduate ? Environmental Studies ? University of Kansas L O C A T S I O N BIOMASS ENERGY POTENTIAL o According to DOE, Biomass has the potential to provide 14% of... the nations power o Currently 1% of national power supply o Carbon neutral? combustion of biomass is part of the natural carbon cycle o Improved crop residue management has potential to benefit environment, producers, and economy Biomass Btu...

Schaetzel, Michael

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

238

USDA, DOE Announce $18 Million Solicitation for Biomass Research...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

will be available for research and development of biomass-based products, biofuels, bioenergy and related processes. USDA and DOE are issuing these grant solicitations for...

239

BIOMASS PRETREATMENT FOR INCREASED ANHYDROSUGARS YIELD DURING FAST PYROLYSIS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Production of liquid fuels is a high national priority to provide transporation fuels. Production of liquid bio-fuels from biomass has been idenfied as a viable (more)

Li, Qi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Biofuels Overview CLIMATETECHBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page | 1 May 2009 Biofuels Overview CLIMATETECHBOOK What are Biofuels? A biofuel is defined as any dependence on petroleum-based fuels, biofuels are gaining increasing attention as one possible solution. Biofuels offer a way to produce transportation fuels from renewable sources or waste materials and to help

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Definition: Biomass | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Biomass Organic matter, including: agricultural and forestry residues, municipal solid wastes, industrial wastes, and terrestrial and aquatic crops grown solely for energy purposes.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-derived materials which are specifically called lignocellulosic biomass. As a renewable energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Historically, humans have harnessed biomass-derived

242

The impact of biofuel plantation on biodiversity: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because plants convert solar energy into chemical energy stored in organisms, biomass production as an energy source can help to reduce the worlds reliance on fossil energy and mitigate global warming. Biofuel p...

Ye Liu; Yue Xu; Fengchun Zhang; Jinqi Yun; Zehao Shen

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Agency/Company /Organization: Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Partner: International Trade Administration Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.biomassthermal.org Cost: Free The Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) website is focused on biomass for heating and other thermal energy applications, and includes links to numerous reports from various agencies around the world. Overview The Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) website is focused on biomass for

244

Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/ Country Mozambique UN Region Eastern Africa References Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods[1] Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Screenshot Background "This report documents how the spread of biofuels is affecting land access for poorer groups in Mozambique, and what actions are being taken,

245

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Project Summary Full Title: Mobility Chains Analysis of Technologies for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles Fueled with Biofuels: Application of the GREET Model to the Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) Project Project ID: 82 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: The mobility chains analysis estimated the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of various biofuels in light-duty vehicles. Keywords: Well-to-wheels (WTW); ethanol; biofuels; Fischer Tropsch diesel; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) Purpose The project was a multi-organization, multi-sponsor project to examine the potential of biofuels in the U.S. Argonne was responsible for the well-to-wheels analysis of biofuel production and use.

246

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Production Production Facility Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption Any newly constructed or expanded biomass-to-energy facility is exempt from

247

Biomass | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy » Energy » Biomass Biomass Learn how the Energy Department is working to sustainably transform the nation's abundant renewable resources into biomass energy. Featured Energy 101 | Algae-to-Fuel A behind-the-scenes video of how oil from algae is extracted and refined to create clean, renewable transportation fuel. Oregon Hospital Heats Up with a Biomass Boiler Using money from the Recovery Act, Blue Mountain Hospital replaced one of its 1950s crude oil boilers with a wood-pellet boiler -- saving the hospital about $100,000 a year in heating costs. | Photo courtesy of the Oregon Department of Energy. Highlighting how a rural Oregon hospital was able to cut its heating bills while stimulating the local economy. Ceres: Making Biofuels Bigger and Better A Ceres researcher evaluates the performance of biofuel crops. | Photo courtesy of Ceres, Inc.

248

Comparative genomics of xylose-fermenting fungi for enhanced biofuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparative genomics of xylose-fermenting fungi for enhanced biofuel production Dana J. Wohlbacha for review February 24, 2011) Cellulosic biomass is an abundant and underused substrate for biofuel creates specific challenges for microbial biofuel production from cellulosic material. Although engineered

Gasch, Audrey P.

249

MSU biofuels research fills need for new sources July 28, 2006 --By Carol Flaherty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSU biofuels research fills need for new sources July 28, 2006 -- By Carol Flaherty The words are becoming familiar, even if the products aren't: biofuel, biobased, biodiesel, bioethanol. All refer to fuel collaborators are investigating Montana's potential for producing biofuels using "biomass," which refers to all

Maxwell, Bruce D.

250

Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline Jason Hilla,b,1 on the source of land used to produce biomass for biofuels, on the magnitude of any indirect land use that may result, and on other as yet unmeasured environmental impacts of biofuels. fine particulate matter ethanol

Weiblen, George D

251

Ethical Framework for Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ethically produced biofuels. An Ethical Duty to Develop Biofuels? Efforts to reduce energy consumption are...sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels...development of new biofuels that can satisfy...Lignocellulosics and algae are candidate...

Alena Buyx; Joyce Tait

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

252

Biofuels: Ethical Aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels have been hailed as a replacement that ... potential to address all those problems. First, biofuels are made from plants or algae ( ... than coming from a limited stock. Second, biofuels were initially ...

Auke Pols; Andreas Spahn

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Impact of dynamic feedbacks between sedimentation, sea-level rise, and biomass production on near-surface marsh stratigraphy and carbon accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of dynamic feedbacks between sedimentation, sea-level rise, and biomass production on near Keywords: salt marsh organic sediments accretion sea-level rise belowground biomass carbon storage a b model we explore how marsh stratigraphy responds to sediment supply and the rate of sea- level rise

254

Biomass 2014 Poster Session  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energys Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) invites students, researchers, public and private organizations, and members of the general public to submit poster abstracts for consideration for the annual Biomass Conference Poster Session. The Biomass 2014 conference theme focuses on topics that are advancing the growth of the bioeconomy, such as improvements in feedstock logistics; promising, innovative pathways for advanced biofuels; and market-enabling co-products.

255

High-Yield Harvest of Nanofibers/Mesoporous Carbon Composite by Pyrolysis of Waste Biomass and Its Application for High Durability Electrochemical Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Themochemically converting the waste biomass to functional carbon nanomaterials and bio-oil is an environmentally friendly apporach by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution caused by open burning. ...

Wu-Jun Liu; Ke Tian; Yan-Rong He; Hong Jiang; Han-Qing Yu

2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

256

Bio-mass derived mesoporous carbon as super electrode in all vanadium redox flow battery with multicouple reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We first report the multi-couple reaction in all vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFB) while using bio-mass (coconut shell) derived mesoporous carbon as electrode. The presence of V3+/V4+ redox couple certainly supplies the additional electrons for the electrochemical reaction and subsequently provides improved electrochemical performance of VRFB system. The efficient electro-catalytic activity of such coconut shell derived high surface area mesoporous carbon is believed for the improved cell performance. Extensive power and electrochemical studies are performed for VRFB application point of view and described in detail.

Mani Ulaganathan; Akshay Jain; Vanchiappan Aravindan; Sundaramurthy Jayaraman; Wong Chui Ling; Tuti Mariana Lim; M.P. Srinivasan; Qingyu Yan; Srinivasan Madhavi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Market Drivers for Biofuels  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation, entitled "Market Drivers for Biofuels," was given at the Third Annual MSW to Biofuels Summit in February, 2013, by Brian Duff.

258

Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced...

259

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health Kees Kolff, MD, MPH April 21, 2012 #12;OUR TRUCKS OF BIOMASS/ DAY (Currently 82) #12;BAD FOR THE ECONOMY · Taxpayers will pay 50% - tax credits, etc · Not a cogen project so only 25% efficient · Biomass better for biofuels, not electricity · MILL JOBS

260

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated with Bioenergy and Other Biogenic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated with Bioenergy and Other Biogenic Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated with Bioenergy and Other Biogenic Sources Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated with Bioenergy and Other Biogenic Sources Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Greenhouse Gas Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/biogenic_emissions.html Cost: Free References: EPA, 40 CFR Part 60[1] Tailoring Rule[2] Biogenic Emissions[3] The 'EPA Climate Change - Green House Gas Emissions - Carbon Dioxide

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Agency/Company /Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01018.pdf RelatedTo: Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Screenshot

262

SunBelt Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SunBelt Biofuels SunBelt Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SunBelt Biofuels Name SunBelt Biofuels Place Soperton, Georgia Zip 30457 Sector Biomass Product Freedom Giant Miscanthus Website http://www.sunbeltbiofuelsllc. Coordinates 32.3771182°, -82.5923554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.3771182,"lon":-82.5923554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

263

Turning Bacteria into Fuel: Cyanobacteria Designed for Solar-Powered Highly Efficient Production of Biofuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: ASU is engineering a type of photosynthetic bacteria that efficiently produce fatty acidsa fuel precursor for biofuels. This type of bacteria, called Synechocystis, is already good at converting solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) into a type of fatty acid called lauric acid. ASU has modified the organism so it continuously converts sunlight and CO2 into fatty acidsoverriding its natural tendency to use solar energy solely for cell growth and maximizing the solar-to-fuel conversion process. ASUs approach is different because most biofuels research focuses on increasing cellular biomass and not on excreting fatty acids. The project has also identified a unique way to convert the harvested lauric acid into a fuel that can be easily blended with existing transportation fuels.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs August 1, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - During remarks at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference, Secretary Moniz today highlighted the important role biofuels play in the Administration's Climate Action Plan to increase our energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Secretary Moniz also announced over $22 million in new investments to help develop cost-competitive algae fuels and streamline the biomass feedstock supply chain for advanced biofuels. "By partnering with industry and universities, we can help make clean,

265

Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Feedstocks for Biofuels and More Feedstocks for Biofuels and More Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More August 9, 2013 - 2:25pm Addthis See how organic materials are used to create biofuels, reducing dependence on foreign oil and creating jobs. Fuels made from organic materials, or biomass, could replace much of the oil we import to power our nation's transportation systems and industries. That's why the Energy Department is working with partners to identify and develop economically, environmentally, and socially sustainable feedstocks for biofuels production here in the United States. For more information on biomass feedstocks from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, visit the Bioenergy Technologies Office website. Read the text version of this video. Addthis Related Articles

266

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs August 1, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - During remarks at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference, Secretary Moniz today highlighted the important role biofuels play in the Administration's Climate Action Plan to increase our energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Secretary Moniz also announced over $22 million in new investments to help develop cost-competitive algae fuels and streamline the biomass feedstock supply chain for advanced biofuels. "By partnering with industry and universities, we can help make clean,

267

Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels Biofuels Biofuels America is the largest biofuels producer in the world -- accounting for 48 percent of global output. Learn how the Energy Department is investing in projects that address critical barriers to continued growth. America is the largest biofuels producer in the world -- accounting for 48 percent of global output. Learn how the Energy Department is investing in projects that address critical barriers to continued growth. Learn how the Energy Department is supporting research into biofuels, which could help improve our environment, grow our economy and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Featured Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Watch the video of Secretary Moniz speaking about the importance of

268

Energy and Greenhouse Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

108 www.ncga.com/ethanol/pdfs/energy_balance_report_biomass gasification, biomass energy, ethanol for energyet al. (2005). "Ethanol as fuels: Energy, carbon dioxide

Kammen, Daniel M.; Farrell, Alexander E.; Plevin, Richard J.; Jones, Andrew D.; Nemet, Gregory F.; Delucchi, Mark A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Analysis of advanced biofuels.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long chain alcohols possess major advantages over ethanol as bio-components for gasoline, including higher energy content, better engine compatibility, and less water solubility. Rapid developments in biofuel technology have made it possible to produce C{sub 4}-C{sub 5} alcohols efficiently. These higher alcohols could significantly expand the biofuel content and potentially replace ethanol in future gasoline mixtures. This study characterizes some fundamental properties of a C{sub 5} alcohol, isopentanol, as a fuel for homogeneous-charge compression-ignition (HCCI) engines. Wide ranges of engine speed, intake temperature, intake pressure, and equivalence ratio are investigated. The elementary autoignition reactions of isopentanol is investigated by analyzing product formation from laser-photolytic Cl-initiated isopentanol oxidation. Carbon-carbon bond-scission reactions in the low-temperature oxidation chemistry may provide an explanation for the intermediate-temperature heat release observed in the engine experiments. Overall, the results indicate that isopentanol has a good potential as a HCCI fuel, either in neat form or in blend with gasoline.

Dec, John E.; Taatjes, Craig A.; Welz, Oliver; Yang, Yi

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Biomass Fractionation for the Biorefinery: Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum CoherenceNuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation of Lignin Isolated from Solvent Fractionation of Switchgrass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass Fractionation for the Biorefinery: Heteronuclear Multiple Quantum CoherenceNuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation of Lignin Isolated from Solvent Fractionation of Switchgrass ... Center for Renewable Carbon, Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio), University of Tennessee, 2506 Jacob Drive, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States ... The results show that solvent fractionation conditions between about 120 C and 0.1 M H2SO4 and 160 C and 0.025 M H2SO4 are optimal for separating biomass in the biorefinery to give process streams most suitable for biobased fuel and chemical production. ...

Joseph J. Bozell; C. J. O'Lenick; Stacy Warwick

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

271

USDA, DOE to Invest up to $18.4 million for Biomass Research...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and USDA Select Projects for more than 24 Million in Biomass Research and Development Grants USDA Biofuels R&D Growing Energy - How Biofuels Can Help End America's Oil Dependence...

272

Efficient biomass pretreatment using ionic liquids derived from lignin and hemicellulose  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pretreatment efficiency . Biofuels 4 ( 1 ): 63 72 . 16 Simmons BA Loque D Blanch HW ( 2008 ) Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production . Genome Biol 9 ( 12 ): 242 . 17 Kilpelainen A ( 2003 ) Wood properties of Scots pines (Pinus...

Aaron M. Socha; Ramakrishnan Parthasarathi; Jian Shi; Sivakumar Pattathil; Dorian Whyte; Maxime Bergeron; Anthe George; Kim Tran; Vitalie Stavila; Sivasankari Venkatachalam; Michael G. Hahn; Blake A. Simmons; Seema Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Supercomputers Tackle Biofuel Production Problems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

V V E R C O M I N G P L A N T R E C A L C I T R A N C E Supercomputers Tackle BIOFUEL Production Problems If you have ever dealt with an uncooperative, fractious kid or a combative employee, you understand the meaning of "recalcitrance" - over-the-top stubbornness, disobedience, and noncompliance. But recalcitrance is not just a human trait - plants can be recalcitrant, too, and for them it is a matter of survival. Over millions of years, plants have evolved complex structural and chemical mechanisms to ward off assaults on their structural sugars by microbial and animal marauders. So it should be no surprise that when humans attempt to turn plant biomass into biofuels to meet our energy needs, we discover how stubborn and noncompliant our vegetative friends can be. Plant recalcitrance is one of

274

Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future August 1, 2013 - 5:54pm Addthis Watch the video of Secretary Moniz's remarks on the importance of biofuels to America's clean energy future. | Video by Matty Greene, the Energy Department. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Today at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference in Washington, D.C., Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz spoke about the importance of investing in clean, renewable energy like biofuels to combat the effects of climate change and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Secretary Moniz highlighted the Energy Department's work to advance biofuels -- from supporting biorefineries to ARPA-E's investment in

275

Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future August 1, 2013 - 5:54pm Addthis Watch the video of Secretary Moniz's remarks on the importance of biofuels to America's clean energy future. | Video by Matty Greene, the Energy Department. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Today at the Energy Department's Biomass 2013 annual conference in Washington, D.C., Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz spoke about the importance of investing in clean, renewable energy like biofuels to combat the effects of climate change and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Secretary Moniz highlighted the Energy Department's work to advance biofuels -- from supporting biorefineries to ARPA-E's investment in

276

Economic Approach to Assess the Forest Carbon Implications of Biomass Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The model has been updated for this analysis with demand functions for biomass energy in five regions of the U.S. (Northeast, South, North Central, West, and Pacific Northwest), that include forest-specific cost functions that average about $40/m3 for harvesting and transporting forest residues and industrial roundwood to meet these demands. ... We test the influence of significantly higher biomass energy demand for both rates of annual growth in global GDP per capita. ...

Adam Daigneault; Brent Sohngen; Roger Sedjo

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

277

NREL: Energy Analysis - BSM: Biomass Scenario Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the deployment of new technology to convert a wide range of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks into biofuels. Over the past 25 years, the corn ethanol industry has grown to...

278

Carbon2Algae, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon2Algae, LLC Carbon2Algae, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solutions4CO2 Name Solutions4CO2 Address 2855 Bloor St W., Suite 616 Place Toronto, ON Zip M8X 3A1 Sector Bioenergy, Biofuels, Biomass, Carbon, Renewable energy, Carbon Capture Product Flue Gas CO2 Capture & mass transfer technology Year founded 2007 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 416-803-9435 Website http://s4co2.com Region Ontario References Solutios4CO2 is an algae-based CO2 solutions companies. Our focus is to Build, Train and Transfer the operation of industrial size algae facilities that will divert large streams of CO2 gas emissions at the stack. Our goal is to be the leading designer of industrial scale high lipid content algae production facilities through the utilization of captured CO2 emissions to produce high quality bio-fuel in all climatic conditions.

279

Catalytic Deoxygenation of Tall Oil Fatty Acids Over a Palladium-Mesoporous Carbon Catalyst: A New Source of Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Catalytic deoxygenation of tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) was demonstrated over palladium catalysts supported on mesoporous carbon at 300C using dodecane as a solvent. Maximally 95% selectivity to linear C17 hy...

Bartosz Rozmys?owicz; Pivi Mki-Arvela; Siswati Lestari

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD BE FUELED BY VEGETABLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD- outrequiringsubstantialmodificationofexistingvehiclesorofthefueldistributioninfrastructure:secu- rity of supply (biofuels can be produced locally in sustainable systems), lowernet of biomass transport determines the supply area of a biofuels processing facility and thus its scale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Researching profitable and sustainable biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Researching profitable and sustainable biofuels Researching profitable and sustainable biofuels Researching profitable and sustainable biofuels November 2, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center received Recovery Act funding from DOE Center studies carbon cycling, water quality and greenhouse gas emissions in biofuel cropping systems Research could significantly shorten time to harvest perennial crops for biofuels The Michigan State University professor of crop and soil sciences leads the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center's sustainability research."Our aim is to provide the knowledge needed to deploy biofuel cropping systems that are both profitable and environmentally sustainable," says Phil Robertson. Biofuel sustainability is a major research theme of the Great Lakes

282

A mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) supply chain optimisation framework for carbon negative electricity generation using biomass to energy with CCS (BECCS) in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The co-firing of biomass and fossil fuels in conjunction with CO2 capture and storage (CCS) has the potential to lead to the generation of relatively inexpensive carbon negative electricity. In this work, we use a mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model of carbon negative energy generation in the UK to examine the potential for existing power generation assets to act as a carbon sink as opposed to a carbon source. Via a Pareto front analysis, we examine the technical and economic compromises implicit in transitioning from a dedicated fossil fuel only to a carbon negative electricity generation network. A price of approximately 3050/tCO2 appears sufficient to incentivise a reduction of carbon intensity of electricity from a base case of 800kg/MWh to less than 100kg/MWh. However, the price required to incentivise the generation of carbon negative electricity is in the region of 120175/t of CO2. In order for biomass to energy with CCS (BECCS) to be commercially attractive, the power plants in question must operate at a high load factor and high rates of CO2 capture. The relative fuel cost is a key determinant of required carbon price. Increasing biomass availability also reduces the cost of generating carbon negative electricity; however one must be cognisant of land use change implications.

O. Akgul; N. Mac Dowell; L.G. Papageorgiou; N. Shah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Influence of a cyclonic eddy on microheterotroph biomass and carbon export in the lee of Hawaii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2003. [1] A multi-platform sampling strategy was used to investigate carbon cycling in a cold Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Carbon cycling; 4855 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Plankton; 4866 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Sorptive scavenging; 4870 Oceanography: Biological

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

284

Cellulosic Biofuels Disappoint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cellulosic Biofuels Disappoint ... As part of the strategy, a goal of 36 billion gallons per year (bgy) of biofuel production was mandated by a Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) lasting from 2008 through 2022. ...

Jerald L. Schnoor

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

Biomass carbon accumulation in aging Japanese cedar plantations in Xitou, central Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

where H is the tree height (m); DBH is the diameter at breast height (cm); and V is the stem volume (m3). Stem wood volume was then multiplied by the basic stem density to estimate stem biomass. A recently report...

Chih-Hsin Cheng; Chih-Yu Hung; Chiou-Peng Chen; Chuang-Wun Pei

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Government Cuts Biofuels Targets ... The Environmental Protection Agency has proposed lowering next years production targets for biofuels in the U.S. fuel mixtargets initially set in the Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007. ... Although the petroleum industry says the new targets still call for too much ethanol, biofuels advocates say changes to the Renewable Fuel Standard could kill the fledgling advanced biofuels industry. ...

MELODY BOMGARDNER; JEFF JOHNSON

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

287

Biofuels Marker Opportunities  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Association for Convenience & Fuel Retailing Biofuels Market Opportunities John Eichberger NACS Vice President Government Relations Fuels Institute Executive Director The...

288

Enhancing harvestable algal biomass production in wastewater treatment high rate algal ponds by recycling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??High Rate Algal Ponds (HRAPs) are an efficient and cost-effective system for wastewater treatment and produce algal biomass which could be converted to biofuels. However, (more)

Park, Byung Kwan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Development of a system for characterizing biomass quality of lignocellulosic feedstocks for biochemical conversion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research was twofold: (i) to develop a system for screening lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks for biochemical conversion to biofuels and (ii) to (more)

Murphy, Patrick Thomas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Biofuels and Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels and Transportation Impacts and Uncertainties Some Observations of a Reformed Ethanol and Logistics Symposium 3 Topics · Why Biofuels · Ethanol Economics · Ethanol Transportation Equipment Biofuels? · National Security · Reduce Imports of oil · Peak Oil · Replace Fossil Resources

Minnesota, University of

291

of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Next Generation of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks Cost-Competitive Options #12;Photos courtesy the evolutionary code for an entirely new generation of biofuels capable of transforming the American automobile biofuels at a cost competitive with that of gasoline. Equally important, they are using crops

292

Growth in Biofuels Markets: Long Term Environmental and Socioeconomic Impacts (Final Report)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last several years increasing energy and petroleum prices have propelled biofuels and the feedstocks used to produce them, to the forefront of alternative energy production. This growth has increased the linkages between energy and agricultural markets and these changes around the world are having a significant effect on agricultural markets as biofuels begin to play a more substantial role in meeting the world's energy needs. Biofuels are alternatively seen as a means to reduce carbon emissions, increase energy independence, support rural development and to raise farm income. However, concern has arisen that the new demand for traditional commodities or alternative commodities which compete for land can lead to higher food prices and the environmental effects from expanding crop acreage may result in uncertain changes in carbon emissions as land is converted both in the US and abroad. While a number of studies examine changes in land use and consumption from changes in biofuels policies many lack effective policy representation or complete coverage of land types which may be diverted in to energy feedstock production. Many of these biofuels and renewable energy induced land use changes are likely to occur in developing countries with at-risk consumers and on environmentally sensitive lands. Our research has improved the well known FAPRI-MU modeling system which represents US agricultural markets and policies in great detail and added a new model of land use and commodity markets for major commodity producers, consumers and trade dependent and food insecure countries as well as a rest of the world aggregate. The international modules include traditional annual crop lands and include perennial crop land, pasture land, forest land and other land uses from which land may be drawn in to biofuels or renewable energy feedstock production. Changes in calorie consumption in food insecure countries from changes in renewable energy policy can also be examined with a calorie module that was developed. The econometric model development provides an important tool to examine the indirect but important and potentially substantial secondary effects of the use of agricultural land as an input into renewable energy production including changes in greenhouse gas production and calorie consumption. With the expansion of biofuels support and consumption as well as proposals for similar support of biomass electricity the research and tools developed remain at the forefront of renewable energy policy analysis.

Seth D. Meyer; Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

293

California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: California Biomass Collaborative Energy Cost Calculators Agency/Company /Organization: California Biomass Collaborative Partner: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: biomass.ucdavis.edu/calculator.html Locality: California Cost: Free Provides energy cost and financial assessment tools for biomass power, bio gas, biomass combined heat and power, and landfill gas. Overview The California Biomass Collaborative provides energy cost and financial

294

How biomass is born: understanding cellulose synthesis for second generation Nadav Sorek, Energy Biosciences Institute, UC Berkeley, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How biomass is born: understanding cellulose synthesis for second generation biofuels Nadav Sorek, Energy Biosciences Institute, UC Berkeley, USA Lignocellulosic biofuels, also known as second generation utilization of cellulose in terms of energy production. . #12;

Shamir, Ron

295

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

296

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America Advanced Biofuels: How Scientists are Engineering Bacteria to Help Drive America December 6, 2011 - 2:12pm Addthis Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Strains of E. coli bacteria were engineered to digest switchgrass biomass and synthesize its sugars into gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. | Image courtesy of Berkeley Lab. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who knew Escherichia coli (E. coli) could help America reduce its dependence on foreign oil? A breakthrough with the bacteria could make it cheaper to produce fuel from switchgrass -- an advanced biofuel with the

297

Other Biomass | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Other Biomass Other Biomass Dataset Summary Description Provides annual consumption (in quadrillion Btu) of renewable energy by energy use sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electricity) and by energy source (e.g. solar, biofuel) for 2004 through 2008. Original sources for data are cited on spreadsheet. Also available from: www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/trends/table1_2.xls Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biodiesel Biofuels biomass energy use by sector ethanol geothermal Hydroelectric Conventional Landfill Gas MSW Biogenic Other Biomass renewable energy Solar Thermal/PV Waste wind Wood and Derived Fuels Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon RE Consumption by Energy Use Sector, Excel file (xls, 32.8 KiB)

298

Fact Sheet: National Biofuels Action Plan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sheet: National Biofuels Action Plan Sheet: National Biofuels Action Plan Fact Sheet: National Biofuels Action Plan October 7, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis In an effort to meet President Bush's "Twenty in Ten" goal and meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) targets in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) the Biomass Research and Development Board (the Board)-co-chaired by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-developed the National Biofuels Action Plan (NBAP) to accelerate the development of a sustainable biofuels industry. To meet increasing demand, we must continue to advance solutions that improve our energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions - our economic competitiveness, national security, and environmental health

299

Biofuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Dataset Summary Description Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Data is presented as thousand barrels per day. Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels Biofuels Consumption EIA world Data text/csv icon total_biofuels_production_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) text/csv icon total_biofuels_consumption_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2000 - 2010 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

300

EERC Center for Biomass Utilization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center for Biomass Utilization Center for Biomass Utilization Jump to: navigation, search Name EERC Center for Biomass Utilization Place Grand Forks, North Dakota Sector Biofuels, Biomass Product The mission of CBU is to develop technologies for, and promote the use of, biomass for production of biopower, transportation biofuels, and bioproducts as well as mitigate the technical challenges associated with biomass utilisation. References EERC Center for Biomass Utilization[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. EERC Center for Biomass Utilization is a company located in Grand Forks, North Dakota . References ↑ "EERC Center for Biomass Utilization" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=EERC_Center_for_Biomass_Utilization&oldid=344557

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Drivers of phytoplankton, bacterioplankton, and zooplankton carbon biomass in tropical hydroelectric reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Studies of carbon sources in plankton communities are important because carbon content has become the main currency used in functional studies of aquatic ecosystems. We evaluated the contribution to the total organic carbon pool from different plankton communities (phytoplankton, bacterioplankton, and zooplankton C-biota) and its drivers in eight tropical hydroelectric reservoirs with different trophic and hydrological status and different physical features. Our systems were separated into three groups based on trophic status and water residence time: (i) mesotrophic with low residence time (ML); (ii) mesotrophic with high residence time (MH); and (iii) eutrophic with low residence time (EL). Our hypothesis that reservoirs with low water residence times and low nutrient concentrations would show the lowest C-biota was supported. Phytoplankton carbon (C-phy) showed the highest concentrations in the EL, followed by MH and ML systems. The EL group also showed significantly higher zooplankton carbon (C-zoo). No significant difference was observed for bacteria carbon (C-bac) among the three system groups. In addition to trophic status and water residence time, regression analyses revealed that water temperature, light, pH, and dissolved organic carbon concentrations were the main drivers of plankton communities in these large tropical hydroelectric reservoirs.

Lcia H.S. Silva; Vera L.M. Huszar; Marcelo M. Marinho; Luciana M. Rangel; Jandeson Brasil; Carolina D. Domingues; Christina C. Branco; Fbio Roland

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The study of biomass yield and macromolecular content of microalgae change as a function of physiological state and nutrient supply conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biomass and macromolecular content, nutrient composition and physiological states, the optimal growth condition and maximum biomass and biofuel productivity can be achieved. The aim of this study was to determined how the biomass and macromolecular content...

Chen, Guo

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

303

Evaluation of Basic Parameters for Packaging, Storage and Transportation of Biomass Material from Field to Biorefinery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for biofuels primarily because it is a renewable _________________ This thesis follows the style of Biomass and Bioenergy. 2 and sustainable resource. Secondly, it has a low sulfur content and a positive impact on the environment[1]. Biomass energy...

Paliwal, Richa

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

BIOMASS FOR HYDROGEN AND OTHER TRANSPORT FUELS -POTENTIALS, LIMITATIONS & COSTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOMASS FOR HYDROGEN AND OTHER TRANSPORT FUELS - POTENTIALS, LIMITATIONS & COSTS Senior scientist - "Towards Hydrogen Society" ·biomass resources - potentials, limits ·biomass carbon cycle ·biomass for hydrogen - as compared to other H2- sources and to other biomass paths #12;BIOMASS - THE CARBON CYCLE

305

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

306

An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world Rosemarie Yevich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and population densities influence these types of biomass burning, simple glo- bal characterizations was used in the developing world in 1985; of this 66% was burned in Asia, and 21% and 13% in Africa%, 29%, and 13% of biofuel use in Asia, Latin America, and Africa, and 41% and 51% of the biofuel use

Jacob, Daniel J.

307

Energy Department Announces $13.4 Million to Develop Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department announced today up to $13.4 million for five projects to develop advanced biofuels and bioproducts that will help drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel from biomass.

308

Characterization of Extremophilic Bacteria for Potential in the Biofuel and Bioprocess Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

likely favored isolates in the library that possess biofuel/bioenergy relevant traits (e.g. hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, utilization of hydrolysis products, and tolerance to inhibitory compounds released during hydrolysis). The phylogeny...

Haynes, Abria R

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

309

China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country China UN Region Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] China-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Overview "The goals of this project are to better understand biofuel development in the PRC; assess the implications of the biofuel program on food prices,crop

310

Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1704e/i1704e.pdf References: Algae-Based Biofuels [1] Logo: Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "Algae-Based Biofuels" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Algae-Based_Biofuels:_Applications_and_Co-Products&oldid=328382" Categories:

311

Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Announces Renewable Carbon...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is to develop and transform biomass resources into commercially viable, high-performance biofuels, bioproducts,...

312

Recent Developments on Biofuels Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transport biofuel is emerging a promising option to realize the sustainable growth of our society. Two biofuels, bioethanol and biodiesel, are currently used ... the transport sector. As the production of biofuels

Jin-Suk Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Biofuels: balancing risks and rewards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2013 research-article Articles 1004 69 Biofuels, science and society Organized by Chris Greenwell Biofuels: balancing risks and rewards Patricia...One contribution of 9 to a Theme Issue Biofuels, science and society . This paper describes...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Congress Revisits Biofuels Mandate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Congress Revisits Biofuels Mandate ... Congress is unlikely to scrap a federal mandate that requires petroleum refiners to blend increasingly large amounts of biofuelsmainly ethanol and biodieselinto U.S. gasoline and diesel supplies, lawmakers said last week. ... The petroleum industry argues that the standard will force it to exceed a safe ethanol mixture, while biofuels makers say repealing the requirement will ruin a huge investment in alternative fuels. ...

GLENN HESS

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Sandia National Laboratories: Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scientists are conducting fundamental investigations regarding the sustainability and environmental impact of biofuels productions and use. We are using our bioscience...

316

Nitrogen cycling, plant biomass, and carbon dioxide evolution in a subsurface flow wetland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ascertain the fate of nitrogen in a constructed wetland and the rate of bioremediation as indicated by carbon dioxide evolution. Research included a study of nitrogen uptake by plants and nitrification. A tracer isotope of nitrogen,?N, was used to follow...

Lane, Jeffrey J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

317

Nanotechnology in Solar and Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanotechnology in Solar and Biofuels ... This paper reviews selected recent advances in the development of nanotechnology in the emerging solar energy and biofuel fields. ...

Hema Ramsurn; Ram B. Gupta

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

318

Riksch Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riksch Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Riksch Biofuels Place: Crawfordsville, Iowa Zip: 52621 Product: Biodiesel producer building a plant in Crawfordsville, IA...

319

Hydrothermal processing of high-lipid biomass to fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-lipid algae are potential sources of biofuels. Lipids in this biomass provide a straightforward chemical route to hydrocarbon-based high energy-density fuels needed for diesel and jet engines. However, current schemes ...

Johnson, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Highlighting Biofuels Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highlighting Biofuels Research ... It is a massive program considering that we now have about 200 biofuel production facilities in a dozen states representing billions of dollars investment. Similarly, it has spawned a prolific amount of research and hundreds of research articles appearing annually. ...

Jerald L. Schnoor

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NEW WORLD FOR BIOFUELS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NEW WORLD FOR BIOFUELS ... SOME $170 BILLION in new technology development projects, infrastructure equipment and construction, and biofuel refineries will result from the ethanol production standards contained in energy legislation enacted into law late last year, said biotechnology industry advocates in an end-of-year briefing. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

content of biomass in wood plantations, which as indicatedC content of the biomass in wood plantations is estimated to

Delucchi, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The impact of subsidies and carbon pricing on the wood biomass use for energy in the EU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines how subsidies for wood-fired heat and power plants and wood with coal co-fired power plants influence the use of wood biomass for energy in the short (2020) to medium (2030) term in the EU (European Union). Analysis shows that without subsidies wood-fired electricity will take only a marginal market share due to limited availability of low-cost wood from logging residues. A high CO2 price of 100/t without subsidies results in 30millionm3 of industrial wood used for energy production, which is sourced from the reduction of 12millionm3 for wood products, 10millionm3 additional imports and 8millionm3 additional harvest. With a subsidy level of 30/MWh in the four EU member countries Denmark, Germany, Netherlands and UK, the total amount of industrial wood used for energy becomes 158millionm3. In the latter case, reduction of wood for wood-based products is 35millionm3, additional harvest in the EU is 21million m3, and import to the EU is 102millionm3. Subsidies to wood-fired and especially coal with wood co-fired mills substantially increase the use of wood and especially industrial wood for energy. However, even with a high 100/tCO2 price and subsidy, mostly gas-fired electricity is projected to be displaced in 2030 by the increasing use of industrial wood, which is not beneficial regarding reducing the high CO2 emission from power production using coal. To a large extent, subsidies for wood co-firing maintain the coal power share, which will otherwise be reduced at high carbon emission price level. In addition, the model results show that the main sources of the growing use of industrial wood for energy are imports from regions outside of the EU, which thus creates considerable carbon leakages.

Alexander Moiseyev; Birger Solberg; A. Maarit I. Kallio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels August 11, 2011 - 3:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- A team of researchers at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) have pinpointed the exact, single gene that controls ethanol production capacity in a microorganism. This discovery could be the missing link in developing biomass crops that produce higher concentrations of ethanol at lower costs. "The Department of Energy relies on the scientific discoveries of its labs and research centers to improve the production of clean energy sources," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. "This discovery is an important step in developing biomass crops that could increase yield of

325

Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive January 10, 2014 - 1:08pm Addthis Researchers at the Energy Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed an innovative process that turns algae into bio-crude in less than 60 minutes. Watch the video above to see how the process works. | Video courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Colleen Ruddick Senior Technical Research Analyst Neil Rossmeissl General Engineer Daniel B. Fishman Technology Manager MORE RESOURCES Learn more about the Energy Department's Algae Program Attend the upcoming Algal Biofuels Strategy Workshop this spring Watch Sapphire Energy's Green Crude oil production process, which produces green crude oil from algae biomass that is cultivated and

326

Brazil-NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US-Brazil Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Innovation Partnerships Name US-Brazil Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Innovation Partnerships Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner Brazil Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Biomass, Solar Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.nrel.gov/applying_t Country Brazil South America References NREL Int'l website [1] Abstract NREL is also working with partners in Brazil to perform a life-cycle assessment of biofuels. This is part of a multiyear effort to examine the sustainability of biofuels, direct/indirect land-use change, the benefits of integrated biorefineries (greenhouse gas reductions), and international conservation.

327

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops December 9, 2009 - 11:12am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Utilizing sites in Nevada that are currently used as buffers around roads for biofuel production instead could meet up to 22 percent of the state's energy requirements. That's 11 times the energy the state currently produces from biomass. Nebraska is known for its rolling cornfields in America's heartland, and agriculture is so thick in the state that people there can smell the fresh produce in the air. Many more in the U.S. might end up tasting the hearty vegetables as well. But one concern about new technologies that use crops for fuel is that those crops, and the land on which they're grown,

328

Genomics of Plant-based Biofuels in the Journal Nature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3, 2008 3, 2008 DOE JGI Director Eddy Rubin Highlights the Genomics of Plant-based Biofuels in the Journal Nature WALNUT CREEK, CA-Genomics is accelerating improvements for converting plant biomass into biofuel-as an alternative to fossil fuel for the nation's transportation needs, reports Eddy Rubin, Director of the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), in the August 14 edition of the journal Nature. In "Genomics of cellulosic biofuels," Rubin lays out a path forward for how emerging genomic technologies will contribute to a substantially different biofuels future as compared to the present corn-based ethanol industry-and in part mitigate the food-versus-fuel debate. The Nature Review is available for download (by subscription) at http://www.nature.com/.

329

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops Nebraska shows potential to produce biofuel crops December 9, 2009 - 11:12am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Utilizing sites in Nevada that are currently used as buffers around roads for biofuel production instead could meet up to 22 percent of the state's energy requirements. That's 11 times the energy the state currently produces from biomass. Nebraska is known for its rolling cornfields in America's heartland, and agriculture is so thick in the state that people there can smell the fresh produce in the air. Many more in the U.S. might end up tasting the hearty vegetables as well. But one concern about new technologies that use crops for fuel is that those crops, and the land on which they're grown,

330

List of Companies in Biofuels Sector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Companies in Biofuels Sector List of Companies in Biofuels Sector Jump to: navigation, search BiomassImage.JPG Companies in the Biofuels sector: Add a Company Download CSV (rows 1-253) Map of Biofuels companies Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"SATELLITE","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":5000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":2,"width":"99%","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

331

Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America June 11, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE Lindsay Gsell Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part of rural America's energy future. Unlike the more common biofuel derived from corn, these are non-food/feed based cellulosic feedstocks, and the energy content of the biomass makes it ideal for converting to sustainable fuel. Last January in Vonore, Tenn., DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE)

332

Biofuels Techno-Economic Models | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/analysis/tools.html#2 OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Language: English References: Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol[1] Model the production cost for ethanol to assess its competitiveness and market potential; quantify the economic impact of individual conversion performance targets and prioritize these in terms of their potential to

333

Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Partner: Farm Service Agency Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels Phase: Develop Finance and Implement Projects Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=ener&topic=bcap Cost: Free The Biomass Crop Assistance provides financial assistance to offset, for a period of time, the fuel costs for a biomass facility. Overview The Biomass Crop Assistance provides financial assistance to offset, for a period of time, the fuel costs for a biomass facility. The Biomass Crop

334

NREL: Biomass Research - News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News News Below are news stories related to NREL biomass research. Subscribe to the RSS feed RSS . Learn about RSS. November 7, 2013 NREL Developed Mobile App for Alternative Fueling Station Locations Released iPhone users now have access to a free application that locates fueling stations offering alternative fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biodiesel, e85 Ethanol, propane and hydrogen. The Energy Department's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the new mobile application for DOE's Clean Cities program. Clean Cities supports local stakeholders across the country in an effort to cut petroleum use in transportation. August 21, 2013 Can "Drop-In" Biofuels Solve Integration Issues? Lab works to create biofuels indistinguishable from conventional

335

How Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel How Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel December 8, 2011 - 3:03pm Addthis Agrivida's President and co-founder Mike Raab. His company is using ARPA-E funding to develop a new method for converting plant biomass into useful feedstock for the production of biofuels. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. Agrivida's President and co-founder Mike Raab. His company is using ARPA-E funding to develop a new method for converting plant biomass into useful feedstock for the production of biofuels. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Innovative projects sponsored by ARPA-E are changing the way we produce and use energy.

336

Biofuel Economy and Hydrogen Competition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuel Economy and Hydrogen Competition ... Only with a reformed economic structure resembling a developed country, the biofuels and hydrogen economy can be realized in Taiwan. ... According to ref 3, biofuels can substitute up to 10% of the current petroleum consumption in the U.S. if its all corn-planted land was used for biofuel production. ...

Duu-Hwa Lee; Duu-Jong Lee

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Conference for Biomass and Energy, Copenhagen, 1996 published by Elsevier BIOMASS ENERGY PRODUCTION: THE GLOBAL POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9th Conference for Biomass and Energy, Copenhagen, 1996 ­ published by Elsevier 1 BIOMASS ENERGY disturbance of the natural global carbon cycle. The "carbon-neutral" renewable energy carrier biomass seems of biomass for energy purposes. The CEBM comprises a biospheric part being based on the "Osnabrück Biosphere

Keeling, Stephen L.

338

Simulated Distillation for Biofuel Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulated Distillation for Biofuel Analysis ... SimDis therefore can easily be used to classifiy novel biofuels, for example, also bidodiesel made of algae or novel oilseed, regarding boiling characteristics and quality. ... and potential of biofuels in the transport sector including types of biofuel, feedstocks and technologies and some of the possible socio-economic, environmental and political implications of the widespread use of biofuels in our society. ...

Christine Bachler; Sigurd Schober; Martin Mittelbach

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

339

Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications Enzymes with agriculture and biofuel applications Enzyme insights may help agriculture, biofuels Plant enzymes called Pols IV and...

340

Biofuels Market Opportunities | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biofuels Market Opportunities Biofuels Market Opportunities Breakout Session 2C-Fostering Technology Adoption II: Expanding the Pathway to Market Biofuels Market Opportunities John...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

CleanTech Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CleanTech Biofuels Place: St. Louis, Missouri Zip: 63130 Sector: Biofuels Product: CleanTech Biofuels holds exclusive licenses to a pair of technologies for converting municipal...

342

Biofuels Power Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biofuels Power Corp Place: The Woodlands, Texas Zip: 77380 Sector: Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product: Biofuels Power Corp produces and sells...

343

Bioproducts and Biofuels - Growing Together! | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bioproducts and Biofuels - Growing Together Bioproducts and Biofuels - Growing Together Breakout Session 2B-Integration of Supply Chains II: Bioproducts-Enabling Biofuels and...

344

Opportunities for biofuel sustainable development in Bulgaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The introduction of Directive 2003/30 EC of the European Union (EU) on biofuels had the ambitious goal to both reduce greenhouse gas emission (GHG) and create new jobs in rural areas. The challenge lies in the availability of premises to convert biomass in energy, which depends on the availability of land. Thus an opportunity has been created on the EU market for biofuels, offering to each Member State with an excess of agricultural land, to benefit from both environmental and economic point of view. In this paper, the authors investigate whether it would be profitable for Bulgarian SMEs, operating in the agricultural sector, to shift into such a 'green business' and whether this shift could contribute in diversifying the role of agriculture by stimulating the development of new sources of income and by ensuring long-term competitiveness.

Teodoro Gallucci; Giovanni Lagioia; Vesselina Dimitrova

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Summary "The objectives of this study are to: identify promising areas for investment in the development of the biofuel subsector in Thailand, with due consideration of the country's

346

Chapter 1 - Reactor configurations and design parameters for thermochemical conversion of biomass into fuels, energy, and chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes reactors for thermochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into fuels, energy, and chemicals. The chapter covers basic definitions and concepts involved in biofuels and thermochemical conversion of biomass, and it also includes more advanced topics such as the main reactor configurations currently in use for thermochemical technologies, important parameters for reactor design, discussion of how parameters affect reactor performance, and several examples and case studies. The focus is on fast pyrolysis and gasification systems. The topics discussed include energy and carbon efficiencies, convenience of operation and scale-up, and several other parameters related to reactor design. After reading this chapter, the reader will understand the main characteristics of reactors for thermochemical conversion of biomass, their strengths, and their weaknesses for specific applications.

Fernando L.P. Resende

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Algal Biofuel Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC aldarzins@nrel.gov (303) 384-7757 Advanced Biofuels in 2007 EISA Section 202 R bl F l St d d t i l t i l Section 202 - Renewable Fuels...

348

Brazil's biofuels scenario  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

LIVRO VERDE DO ETANOL LIVRO VERDE DO ETANOL Brazil's biofuels scenario: What are the main drivers which will shape investments in the long term? Artur Yabe Milanez Manager BNDES...

349

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

350

future science group 5ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.12.76 2013 Future Science Ltd Special FocuS: advanced FeedStockS For advanced bioFuelS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S: advanced FeedStockS For advanced bioFuelS An overview of lignocellulosic biomass feedstock harvest per truck, to transport 3 million tons of biomass feedstock from harvest sites to bioconversion plant

351

Evaluation of the carbon content of aerosols from the burn- ing of biomass in the Brazilian Amazon using thermal, op- tical and thermal-optical analysis methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Smoldering Biomass Combustion. Atmos. Chem. Phys. , 10,aerosols emitted during biomass combustion [Robinson et al.burning samples. Combustion of biomass produces EC a and

Soto-Garcia, Lydia L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Definition: Biomass Briquettes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Briquettes Biomass Briquettes Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Biomass Briquettes a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat, cook, and for energy, where they heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biomass briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal. They are used to heat industrial boilers in order to produce electricity from steam. The most common use of the briquettes are in the developing world, where energy sources are not as widely available. There has been a move to the use of briquettes in the developed world through the use of cofiring, when the briquettes are combined with coal in order to create the

353

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for calculating the carbon intensity of biofuels. London:is introduced with a carbon intensity of -14 gCO 2 eq. /the average biofuel carbon intensity to 40 gCO 2 eq. /MJ by

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impacts of Biofuels and Biofuel Blends Bob McCormick (PI) With Teresa Alleman, Jon Burton, Earl Christensen, Gina Chupka, Wendy Clark, Lisa Fouts, John Ireland, Mike Lammert, Jon...

355

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK MAELLE SOARES PINTO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 #12;Presentation Overview · Global Outlook ­ Biofuels Mandates in 2010 ­ Total Biofuels Supply and Demand ­ Regional Supply and Demand Outlook to 2020 ­ Biofuels

356

Carbon Capture and Storage From Fossil Fuels and Biomass Costs and Potential Role in Stabilizing the Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The capture and storage of CO2 from combustion of fossil fuels is gaining attraction as a means to deal with climate change. CO2...emissions from biomass conversion processes can also be captured. If that is done...

Christian Azar; Kristian Lindgren; Eric Larson; Kenneth Mllersten

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Bioproducts and Biofuels Growing Together!  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2BIntegration of Supply Chains II: BioproductsEnabling Biofuels and Growing the Bioeconomy Bioproducts and Biofuels Growing Together! Andrew Held, Senior Director, Deployment and Engineering, Virent, Inc.

358

BioFuels Atlas Presentation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BioFuels Atlas Kristi Moriarty NREL May 12, 2011 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Introduction * BioFuels Atlas is a first-pass visualization tool that allows users to explore...

359

Evaluation of Immobilized Enzyme in a High-Surface-Area Biofuel Cell Electrode Made of Redox-Polymer-Grafted Carbon Black  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, nanocarbon materials like carbon black, carbon nanotubes, and carbon aerogel particles have been used by several groups to form three-dimensional electrodes. ... The TEM micrograph of the GOD-coated electrode was shown in Figure 2A. Figure 2B shows magnified image of the dotted frame in Figure 2A. The location of GOD and carbon black in Figure 2B was indicated in Figure 2C. A few tens of stained GOD, which were small black spots with a diameter of about 5 nm, were dispersed on each carbon black particle, which was a gray spot with a diameter of about 30 nm. ...

Takanori Tamaki; Atsushi Hiraide; Faizly B. Asmat; Hidenori Ohashi; Taichi Ito; Takeo Yamaguchi

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

360

Simultaneous consumption of pentose and hexose sugars: an optimal microbial phenotype for efficient fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bacteria for lignocellulosic biomass utilization CCR forfermentation of lignocellulosic biomass Jae-Han Kim & DavidAbstract Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive carbon

Kim, Jae-Han; Block, David E.; Mills, David A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Danielle Goldtooth Paper #6 -Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jon Kroc Danielle Goldtooth IS 195A Paper #6 - Biofuels Green Dreams In the modern era science has. Biofuels are increasingly becoming viable alternatives to gasoline, diesel, and other non-renewable fuels." There are still many issues that must be dealt with before the production of biofuels is energy-efficient enough

Lega, Joceline

362

The Ecological Impact of Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ecological Impact of Biofuels Joseph E. Fargione,1 Richard J. Plevin,2 and Jason D. Hill3 1 land-use change Abstract The ecological impact of biofuels is mediated through their effects on land, air, and water. In 2008, about 33.3 million ha were used to produce food- based biofuels

Kammen, Daniel M.

363

Biofuels in Oregon and Washington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNNL-17351 Biofuels in Oregon and Washington A Business Case Analysis of Opportunities and Challenges Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory #12;#12;Biofuels in Oregon and Washington, particularly in light of the recent growth experienced by the biofuels industry in the Midwest. Policymakers

364

High Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of enhanced carbon biomass and export at 55 degrees S duringHigh Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean PhoebeSurface waters with high biomass levels and high proportion

Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Quality Biofuels Quality Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Quality Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Quality Specifications The Tennessee Department of Agriculture may inspect and test biofuels under

366

Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations More Documents & Publications Major DOE Biofuels Project Locations...

367

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska March 24, 2010 - 2:54pm Addthis Novozymes was awarded a $28.4 million tax credit to build an enzyme facility in Blair, Neb. | Photo courtesy of Novozymes Novozymes was awarded a $28.4 million tax credit to build an enzyme facility in Blair, Neb. | Photo courtesy of Novozymes Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The biofuels company Novozymes received a $28.4 million tax credit under the Recovery Act for the construction of a new facility in Blair, Neb., that produces enzymes to turn waste into fuel. The project, sparked by the increasing demand for cellulosic fuel, will create 100 green jobs and reduce the company's transportation costs and carbon footprint.

368

EA-1940: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced 0: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels EA-1940: Proposed Federal Loan Guarantee for Montana Advanced Biofuels SUMMARY Montana Advanced Biofuels (MAB) submitted an application to DOE for a Federal loan guarantee to support construction of a multi-feedstock biorefinery that would produce approximately 115 million gallons per year of ethanol in Great Falls, Montana. The biorefinery would utilize renewable biomass in the form of barley and wheat to produce ethanol and other by-products, including wheat gluten, barley bran, and barley meal. NOTE: The EA is cancelled because the applicant withdrew from the program. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOADS No downloads found for this office.

369

From Processing Juice to Producing Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From Processing Juice to Producing Biofuels From Processing Juice to Producing Biofuels From Processing Juice to Producing Biofuels June 25, 2010 - 4:00pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell INEOS Bio -- one of the 17 global companies of the chemicals company INEOS -- is on schedule to begin construction this fall on the new Indian River BioEnergy Center near Vero Beach, Florida. The INEOS facility -- which was formerly a grapefruit processing plant for Ocean Spray -- will produce nearly eight million gallons of bioethanol per year from renewable biomass including yard, wood and vegetable waste. As part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the Department of Energy awarded cost-share grants to 19 integrated biorefinery projects throughout the country. INEOS Bio was selected to for a matching grant of up to $50 million, which will fund the construction for the new center.

370

Carbon sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leaver and Howard Dalton Carbon sequestration Rattan Lal * * ( lal.1...and biotic technologies. Carbon sequestration implies transfer of atmospheric...and biomass burning. 3. Carbon sequestration Emission rates from fossil...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Energy Department Awards $6 Million to Advance Cost-Competitive Biofuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Energy Department today announced $6 million for two projects to develop next generation biofuels that will help drive down the cost of producing gasoline, diesel, and jet fuels from biomass. These projects are a part of the Energy Departments continued effort to develop technologies that will enable the production of clean, renewable and cost-competitive drop-in biofuels at $3 per gallon by 2017.

372

DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding August 31, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC- U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that up to $21 million will be made available for the selection of five projects that will develop supply systems to handle and deliver high tonnage biomass feedstocks for cellulosic biofuels production. The awards announced today are part of the department's ongoing efforts to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, spur the creation of the domestic bio-industry and provide new jobs in many rural areas of the country. "Biofuels will play an important role in America's clean energy portfolio," Secretary Chu said. "These projects will allow us to decrease our

373

DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding DOE Selects Biofuels Projects to Receive up to $21 Million in Funding August 31, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC- U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today that up to $21 million will be made available for the selection of five projects that will develop supply systems to handle and deliver high tonnage biomass feedstocks for cellulosic biofuels production. The awards announced today are part of the department's ongoing efforts to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil, spur the creation of the domestic bio-industry and provide new jobs in many rural areas of the country. "Biofuels will play an important role in America's clean energy portfolio," Secretary Chu said. "These projects will allow us to decrease our

374

Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.adb.org/Documents/R Country Cambodia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy[1] Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Screenshot Overview "The study focused on (i) market outlook (trends in energy supply and use

375

DOE to Invest up to $4.4 Million in Six Innovative Biofuels Projects at  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4.4 Million in Six Innovative Biofuels 4.4 Million in Six Innovative Biofuels Projects at U.S. Universities DOE to Invest up to $4.4 Million in Six Innovative Biofuels Projects at U.S. Universities September 10, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the selection of six advanced biofuels projects in which DOE plans to invest up to $4.4 million, subject to annual appropriations. These awards to U.S. institutions of higher education will support research and development (R&D) for cost-effective, environmentally friendly biomass conversion technologies for turning non-food feedstocks into advanced biofuels. Combined with the minimum university cost share of 20 percent, more than $5.7 million is slated for investment in these six projects. "Reaching out to our university partners across the country is one more

376

Biofuels Consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Consumption Biofuels Consumption Dataset Summary Description Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Data is presented as thousand barrels per day. Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels Biofuels Consumption EIA world Data text/csv icon total_biofuels_production_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) text/csv icon total_biofuels_consumption_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2000 - 2010 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

377

Enhancing biofuel production by ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work evaluated the use of high-powered ultrasonics to enhance biofuel production in terms of efficiency and costs. A wide range of feed stocks including switch grass corn stover and soft wood were studied. The effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on the removal of lignin for hydrolysis of starches and cellulose to fermentable sugars was studied. It was found that many of the pretreatments were very successful in enhancing lignin removal. For example time of dissolution of lingo-cellulosic biomass in ionic liquids was reduced from hours to minutes accompanied by a significant decrease in energy consumption compared to mechanical stirring. In addition it was found that hydrolysis of corn starch could be greatly accelerated utilizing ultrasonics. Economic models showed that the technology once implemented would have a payback period of less than one year. The work also focused on biodiesel production. It was seen that ultrasonics accelerated the transesterification process so that soy bean oil could be converted to biodiesel in less than a minute compared to 45 min using traditional methods. It was shown that yeast grown from glycerin a co-product of biodiesel production could be extracted and simultaneously converted to biodiesel with ultrasonics in less than a minute compared to traditional techniques that require multiple processes and relatively long cycle times (+1 h).

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Enhancing biofuel production by ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work evaluated the use of high-powered ultrasonics to enhance biofuel production in terms of efficiency and costs. A wide range of feed stocks including corn switchgrass oleaginous yeast and soybean oil were studied. The effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on the removal of lignin to allow hydrolysis of cellulose to fermentable sugars was studied. Many pretreatment techniques proved to be successful in enhancing lignin removal. For example time of dissolution of ligno-cellulosic biomass in ionic liquids was reduced from hours to minutes accompanied by a significant decrease in energy consumption compared to mechanical stirring. In addition it was found that hydrolysis of corn starch could be greatly accelerated utilizing ultrasonics. Economic models showed that the technology once implemented would have a payback period of approximately 2.3 years. The work also explored biodiesel production using ultrasonics. It was seen that ultrasonics accelerated the transesterification process so that soybean oil could be converted to biodiesel in less than a minute compared to 45 minutes using traditional methods.

Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy; Pryiyanka Chand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Fulcrum Biofuels LLc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- 1848 - 1848 Environmental Assessment DOE/EA - 1848 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LOAN GUARANTEE TO FULCRUM SIERRA BIOFUELS, LLC FOR A WASTE-TO-ETHANOL FACILITY IN MCCARRAN, STOREY COUNTY, NEVADA U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee Program Office Washington, D.C. 20585 June 2011 Table of Contents Environmental Assessment DOE/EA - 1848 i

380

Biofuels as Invasive Species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, bioenergy has drawn attention as a sustainable energy source that may offer a viable alternative to declining fossil fuel sources. Governments are looking at the potential of highyielding crops for the production of biofuels to address shortages and to ameliorate the impacts of climate change. This approach has not been without controversy, especially in cases where food

unknown authors

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Best practices for biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Environment and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University...and life-cycle analysis (LCA) modeling studies have raised...by stimulating expansion of agriculture but accomplish little or no...emphasizes that, on the basis of LCA, biofuels can help reduce GHG...

Heather Youngs; Chris Somerville

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

382

Biomass Boiler and Furnace Emissions and Safety Regulations in the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Boiler and Furnace Emissions and Safety Regulations in the Biomass Boiler and Furnace Emissions and Safety Regulations in the Northeast States Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Boiler and Furnace Emissions and Safety Regulations in the Northeast States Agency/Company /Organization: CONEG Policy Research Center Inc. Partner: Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources, Rick Handley and Associates, Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels, Economic Development Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Other Website: www.mass.gov/Eoeea/docs/doer/renewables/biomass/DOER%20Biomass%20Emiss Country: United States

383

Calcifying Cyanobacteria - The potential of biomineralization for Carbon Capture and Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HerzogH,GolombD:CarbonCaptureandStoragefromFossilfor point-source carbon capture and sequestration. Althoughof renewable biofuels, and carbon capture and storage (CCS).

Jansson, Christer G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

NREL: Biomass Research - Biochemical Conversion Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biochemical Conversion Capabilities Biochemical Conversion Capabilities NREL researchers are working to improve the efficiency and economics of the biochemical conversion process by focusing on the most challenging steps in the process. Biochemical conversion of biomass to biofuels involves three basic steps: Converting biomass to sugar or other fermentation feedstock through: Pretreatment Conditioning and enzymatic hydrolysis Enzyme development. Fermenting these biomass-derived feedstocks using: Microorganisms for fermentation. Processing the fermentation product to produce fuel-grade ethanol and other fuels, chemicals, heat, and electricity by: Integrating the bioprocess. Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. This video is a narrated animation that explains the biochemical conversion

385

Chapter 2 - Biomass for Biorefining: Resources, Allocation, Utilization, and Policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter discusses the importance of biomass in the development of renewable energy, the availability and allocation of biomass, its preparation for use in biorefineries, and the policies affecting biomass use. Bioenergy development depends on maximizing the amount of biomass obtained from agriculture and forestry, while prioritizing nature conservation and the protection of soils, water, and biodiversity. The major challenges facing the commercial production of biofuels and bioproducts are sustainable biomass availability and capital-intensive biomass processing facilities. The two main competitors for biomass resources are biopower and biofuels, and their future status depends on the federal and state regulations governing them. A combination of policies encouraging infrastructure investment and supporting favorable market conditions appears to be the most effective means for establishing an economically sustainable biofuel supply chain. Understanding the extent of biomass resources, their potential in energy markets, and the most economic utilization of biomass is important in the development of policies that improve energy security and mitigate climate change.

Stephen R. Hughes; Nasib Qureshi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Woodland owners' attitudes towards energy from forest biomass in a carbon-intensive jurisdiction: Case study of Nova Scotia, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of forest biomass in thermal generation processes has been recognized by the Government of Nova Scotia (NS) as one option that could help meet its renewable electricity goals (25% by 2015 and 40% by 2020). Over half of the woodland in NS is owned by small-private woodland owners (51%), indicating that they could significantly influence the future of NS forests and its potential use for energy purposes. This paper presents the results of a survey of small-woodland owners on their attitudes towards using energy from forest biomass. 489 small-woodland owners responded to mail-out surveys and 14 rural community members participated in three focus groups. Three major findings emerged. First, it was found that the acceptability of using forest products varied depending on multiple factors the source of biomass, harvesting methods, and [predicted] end-use. Second, forest sustainability and keeping resources local were the two most important concerns amongst respondents. Finally, respondents felt that better collaboration with other stakeholders and education around the issues would be the best strategies for overcoming these concerns. The paper also highlights the barriers and drivers as perceived by the woodland owners as they relate to the possibility of using more biomass for energy in the future.

Margo MacGregor; Michelle Adams; Peter Duinker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Biomass burning and global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The burning of living and dead biomass including forests savanna grasslands and agricultural wastes is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed and may consume as much as 8700 teragrams of dry biomass matter per year. The burning of this much biomass releases about 3940 teragrams of total carbon or about 3550 teragrams of carbon in the form of CO2 which is about 40% of the total global annual production of CO2. Biomass burning may also produce about 32% of the worlds annual production of CO 24% of the nonmethane hydrocarbons 20% of the oxides of nitrogen and biomass burn combustion products may be responsible for producing about 38% of the ozone in the troposphere. Biomass burning has increased with time and today is overwhelmingly human?initiated.

Joel S. Levine; Wesley R. Cofer III; Donald R. Cahoon Jr.; Edward L. Winsted; Brian J. Stocks

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce (Department) provides incentive payments to qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers

389

Biomass Scenario Model Scenario Library: Definitions, Construction, and Description  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the development of the biofuels industry in the United States is important to policymakers and industry. The Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) is a system dynamics model of the biomass-to-biofuels system that can be used to explore policy effects on biofuels development. Because of the complexity of the model, as well as the wide range of possible future conditions that affect biofuels industry development, we have not developed a single reference case but instead developed a set of specific scenarios that provide various contexts for our analyses. The purpose of this report is to describe the scenarios that comprise the BSM scenario library. At present, we have the following policy-focused scenarios in our library: minimal policies, ethanol-focused policies, equal access to policies, output-focused policies, technological diversity focused, and the point-of-production- focused. This report describes each scenario, its policy settings, and general insights gained through use of the scenarios in analytic studies.

Inman, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Georgia Biofuel Directory A directory of Georgia industries that use biofuels.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Georgia Biofuel Directory · A directory of Georgia industries that use biofuels. · Completed in May _________________________________________________________________ 3 Biofuels_____________________________________________________________________ 4 Biofuel Use in Georgia that Burn Self-Generated Biofuels as of May 2003__ 4 Chart 1.0 Biofuel Use from Contacted

391

Algal Biomass Constituent Analysis: Method Uncertainties and Investigation of the Underlying Measuring Chemistries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States ... There are many advantages to algal biomass-based biofuels but also a lot of challenges associated with rendering the process economical, most of which have been part of recent reviews of the literature. ... Placing microalgae on the biofuels priority list: a review of the technological challenges ...

Lieve M. L. Laurens; Thomas A. Dempster; Howland D. T. Jones; Edward J. Wolfrum; Stefanie Van Wychen; Jordan S. P. McAllister; Michelle Rencenberger; Kylea J. Parchert; Lindsey M. Gloe

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

392

Introduction and Selection of Photoperiod Sensitive Sorghum Genotypes for Agronomic Fitness and Biomass Composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................. 7 Compositional Analysis Methods .......................................................... 9 Identification of Sorghum Bioenergy Germplasm ................................ 11 Objectives... Independency and Security Act of 2007. Alternate feedstock for biofuel is needed and dedicated bioenergy crops will be inevitable for the successful production of biofuels. Currently, biomass production in the U.S. is up to 190 million dry tons, but only...

Hoffmann, Leo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Choline Chloride-Derived ILs for Activation and Conversion of Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The synthesis of HMF is nowadays one of the most investigated reactions from biomass. HMF is indeed considered as a chemical platforms from which new generations of biofuels (ex ... of intermediates, monomers and...

Karine De Oliveira Vigier; Franois Jrme

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Production, Upgrading and Analysis of Bio-oils Derived from Lignocellulosic Biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

is a promising renewable resource for biofuels and numerous value-added chemicals. Pyrolysis is a widely adopted process for the thermal breakdown of biomass feedstocks in the absence of oxygen which leads ...

Pankaj K. Kanaujia

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Biomass Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In its simplest terms, biomass is all the plant matter found on our planet. Biomass is produced directly by photosynthesis, the fundamental engine of life on earth. Plant photosynthesis uses energy from the su...

Stephen R. Decker; John Sheehan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Biomass Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accounting for all of the factors that go into energy demand (population, vehicle miles traveled per ... capita, vehicle efficiency) and land required for energy production (biomass land yields, biomass conversion

Stephen R. Decker; John Sheehan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Analysis of Biomass/Coal Co-Gasification for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Systems with Carbon Capture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In recent years, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Technology (IGCC) has become more common in clean coal power operations with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). (more)

Long, Henry A, III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Mediterranean land abandonment and associated biomass variation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biomass is an important factor in environmental processes, such as erosion, carbon storage, climate change and land degradation. Human-induced changes in plant community systems and (more)

Hoogeveen, S.S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Biomass pretreatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is provided for producing an improved pretreated biomass product for use in saccharification followed by fermentation to produce a target chemical that includes removal of saccharification and or fermentation inhibitors from the pretreated biomass product. Specifically, the pretreated biomass product derived from using the present method has fewer inhibitors of saccharification and/or fermentation without a loss in sugar content.

Hennessey, Susan Marie; Friend, Julie; Elander, Richard T; Tucker, III, Melvin P

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

Biomass of the cryptoendolithic microbiota from the Antarctic desert.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the results of the combustion or total- organic-matter...DISCUSSION The biomass of the cryptoendolithic...the Kjeldahl or combustion method (Tables...regardless of where the biomass was located in the...Kjeldahl carbon. When combustion carbon was compared...range of viable biomass to total carbon...

J R Vestal

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Biomass Equipment and Materials Compensating Tax Deduction | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biomass Equipment and Materials Compensating Tax Deduction Biomass Equipment and Materials Compensating Tax Deduction Biomass Equipment and Materials Compensating Tax Deduction < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 6/17/2005 State New Mexico Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of value may be deducted for purposes of calculating Compensating Tax due Provider New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department In 2005 New Mexico adopted a policy to allow businesses to deduct the value of biomass equipment and biomass materials used for the processing of biopower, biofuels or biobased products in determining the amount of

402

Policy Implications of Uncertainty in Modeled Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biofuels have received legislative support recently in Californias Low-Carbon Fuel Standard and the Federal Energy Independence and Security Act. Both present new fuel types, but neither provides methodological guidelines for dealing with the inherent ...

Kimberley A. Mullins; W. Michael Griffin; H. Scott Matthews

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Complexity and Systems Biology of Microbial Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complexity and Systems Biology of Microbial Biofuels 20-24 June 2011 (All and issues Theme: Biofuel systems and issues (Chair: Nigel Burroughs) 13 (Bielefeld) Biofuels from algae- challenges for industrial levels

Rand, David

404

Immobilization of Hydroquinone through a Spacer to Polymer Grafted on Carbon Black for a High-Surface-Area Biofuel Cell Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evaluation of three different spacer arms tethering hydroquinone to linear polymers revealed that only the hydrophilic and flexible di(ethylene oxide) spacer made it possible for immobilized hydroquinone to transfer electrons from glucose oxidase (GOD) to an electrode; direct immobilization and an alkyl spacer did not. ... The carbon black used was Ketjen black (Ketjen Black International Co. Ltd, Japan) with a particle diameter of about 30 nm. ... FDH adsorbs strongly and stably on Ketjen black (KB) particles that were modified on carbon papers (CP) and produces the catalytic current with the max. ...

Takanori Tamaki; Taichi Ito; Takeo Yamaguchi

2007-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

405

Enhancing Carbon Sequestration and Reclamation of Degraded Lands with Coal-Combustion and Biomass-Pyrolysis Products  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

contacts contacts Sean Plasynski Sequestration Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-4867 sean.plasynski@netl.doe.gov Heino Beckert Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 MS C04 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-4132 heino.beckert@netl.doe.gov 04/2008 Carbon Sequestration Enhancing carbon SEquEStration and rEclamation of dEgradEd landS with coal-combuStion and biomaSS-PyrolySiS ProductS Background Terrestrial sequestration of carbon can occur by three mechanisms, all of which first require "capture" or fixation of atmospheric carbon by photosynthesis into plant tissues. If captured by herbaceous plants, much of the carbon is quickly

406

Biofuels and Renewable Energy Page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

detailed error information INL Home CONTACT US Center for Advanced Energy Studies Biofuels and Renewable Energy Renewable energy resources are expected to play major role in...

407

Biomass Energy Data Book, 2011, Edition 4  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Biomass Energy Data Book is a statistical compendium prepared and published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under contract with the Biomass Program in the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) program of the Department of Energy (DOE). Designed for use as a convenient reference, the book represents an assembly and display of statistics and information that characterize the biomass industry, from the production of biomass feedstocks to their end use, including discussions on sustainability. This is the fourth edition of the Biomass Energy Data Book which is only available online in electronic format. There are five main sections to this book. The first section is an introduction which provides an overview of biomass resources and consumption. Following the introduction to biomass, is a section on biofuels which covers ethanol, biodiesel and bio-oil. The biopower section focuses on the use of biomass for electrical power generation and heating. The fourth section is on the developing area of biorefineries, and the fifth section covers feedstocks that are produced and used in the biomass industry. The sources used represent the latest available data. There are also four appendices which include frequently needed conversion factors, a table of selected biomass feedstock characteristics, and discussions on sustainability.

Wright, L.; Boundy, B.; Diegel, S.W.; Davis, S.C.

408

Direct Conversion of Plant Biomass to Ethanol by Engineered Caldicellulosiruptor bescii  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ethanol is the most widely used renewable transportation biofuel in the United States, with the production of 13.3 billion gallons in 2012 [John UM (2013) Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States]. Despite considerable effort to produce fuels from lignocellulosic biomass, chemical pretreatment and the addition of saccharolytic enzymes before microbial bioconversion remain economic barriers to industrial deployment [Lynd LR, et al. (2008) Nat Biotechnol 26(2):169-172]. We began with the thermophilic, anaerobic, cellulolytic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii, which efficiently uses unpretreated biomass, and engineered it to produce ethanol. Here we report the direct conversion of switchgrass, a nonfood, renewable feedstock, to ethanol without conventional pretreatment of the biomass. This process was accomplished by deletion of lactate dehydrogenase and heterologous expression of a Clostridium thermocellum bifunctional acetaldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase. Whereas wild-type C. bescii lacks the ability to make ethanol, 70% of the fermentation products in the engineered strain were ethanol [12.8 mM ethanol directly from 2% (wt/vol) switchgrass, a real-world substrate] with decreased production of acetate by 38% compared with wild-type. Direct conversion of biomass to ethanol represents a new paradigm for consolidated bioprocessing, offering the potential for carbon neutral, cost-effective, sustainable fuel production.

Chung, Daehwan [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Cha, Minseok [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Westpheling, Janet [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production systems using microalgae. Keywords Algae . Carbon sequestration . Biofuel . Biogas . Biohydrogen of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany C. Posten Institute of Life Science Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany #12;RuBP ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Rubisco ribulose 1

Kudela, Raphael M.

410

Sandia National Laboratories: commercializing algae biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

commercializing algae biofuels The National Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership Kick-Off Meeting at Arizona State University On July 25, 2013, in Biofuels, Energy, News, News...

411

A New Biofuels Technology Blooms in Iowa  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Cellulosic biofuels made from agricultural waste have caught the attention of many farmers and could be the next revolution in renewable biofuels production.

412

USDA Feedstocks and Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

USDA Feedstocks and Biofuels USDA Feedstocks and Biofuels This is a presentation from the November 27, 2012, Sustainable Alternative Fuels Cost Workshop given by Harry S. Baumes,...

413

Also inside this issue: Bioengineering Better Biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Also inside this issue: Bioengineering Better Biomass DOE JGI/EMSL Collaborative Science Projects and degrade carbon. This is an image of the Mn(II)-oxidizing fungus Stilbella aciculosa ­ the fungal biomass Better Biomass Feedstock Science Highlights 15 Clouds up Close Improving Catalysts Pore Challenge

414

5, 1045510516, 2005 A review of biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 5, 10455­10516, 2005 A review of biomass burning emissions, part I R. Koppmann et al. Title and Physics Discussions A review of biomass burning emissions, part I: gaseous emissions of carbon monoxide A review of biomass burning emissions, part I R. Koppmann et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

Researchers at the Biomass Energy Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HARVEST OF ENERGY Researchers at the Biomass Energy Center are homing in on future fuels --By David into fuels and other energy products. Like petroleum and coal, biomass contains carbon taken from the atmosphere via photosynthesis: turning sunlight into energy. Unlike fossil fuels, however, biomass

Lee, Dongwon

416

Biofuels, science and society  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0322 ( doi:10.1098/rsif.2009.0322 ) 30 Williams, PJle-B , Laurens, LML. 2010 Microalgae as biodiesel biomass feedstocks: review analysis of the biochemistry, energetics economics. Energy Environ. Sci. 3, 554-590. 10.1039...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Chemical-Looping Gasification of Biomass for Hydrogen-Enriched Gas Production with In-Process Carbon Dioxide Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This may help to increase the carbon dioxide capture on one hand but, on other hand, also increases the size of the gasifier and regenerator and the heat requirement of the regenerator. ... Steam was used as the fluidizing medium. ...

Bishnu Acharya; Animesh Dutta; Prabir Basu

2009-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Quality Biofuel Quality Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Quality Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Quality Program The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) Biofuels Quality Program tests and assesses biofuel quality and quantity to resolve any

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Procurement Biofuels Procurement Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Procurement Preference State and county agency contracts awarded for the purchase of diesel fuel must give preference to bids for biofuels or blends of biofuel and

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Grants The Biofuels Production Incentive Grant Program provides grants to producers of advanced biofuels, specifically fuels derived from any

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Biofuels Study Commission (Commission) was established to study the feasibility and effectiveness of incentives that promote the development and use of advanced biofuels in the state, including production credits,

422

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Infrastructure Biofuel Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Infrastructure Grants The Arizona Biofuel Conversion Program distributes grants to encourage the use of biofuels in the state and to promote the development of fueling

423

The Potential for Biofuels from Algae (Presentation)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Biofuels from Algae Algae Biomass Summit San Francisco, CA November 15, 2007 Philip T. Pienkos, Ph.D. National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Bioenergy Center NREL/PR-510-42414 The Biodiesel Dilemma Triglycerides (TAGs) from current oilseed crops and waste oils cannot come close to meeting U.S. diesel demand (60+ billion gal/yr) * The entire U.S. soybean crop could provide approximately 2.5 billion gallons per year. * Estimated world-wide production of biodiesel would only yield 13 billion gallons per year. * This much agricultural productivity cannot possibly be diverted from the food supply. * TAGs also represent an attractive feedstock for biopetrochemicals meaning less would be available for transportation fuel. Alternative sources of TAGs are needed!

424

Building A New Biofuels Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building A New Biofuels Industry ... It may be another five years or more before the fledgling industry catches up to the lofty goals called for in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)a federal-government-mandated schedule of yearly biofuel production targets. ...

MELODY M. BOMGARDNER

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

Cellulosic BiofuelsGot Gasoline?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...converted to hydrocarbon biofuels. The image on the...plant lipid source, algae. Conversion routes...FORESTRY IMAGES; (ALGAE) ALIKI SAPOUNTZI...United States, the Energy Independence and...plant-derived) biofuels by 2022. Along...starch (5). An alternative is provided by...

John R. Regalbuto

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and bioenergy markets are modelled with the aim to conduct quantitative analyses on the production and costsBiofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Final report of VIEWLS WP5, modelling studies #12;Biofuel and Bioenergy implementation scenarios Final report of VIEWLS WP5, modelling studies By André

427

Chapter 7 - Hydrolysis in Near- and SupercriticalWater for Biomass Conversion andMaterial Recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Supercritical water (SCW) has been investigated for about 20years for chemical reactions and processes. Water above its critical point (Tc=374C, pc=22.1MPa, ?c=0.322g/cm3) has remarkable tunable properties and has been at the origin of a number of major developments especially due to its environmental innocuousness. SCW has been extensively used in the last 15years to perform hydrolysis reactions. We propose to discuss in this book chapter the main fields of the application of the SCW hydrolysis reactions: (1) biomass liquefaction toward biofuels and platform molecules and (2) material recycling. SCW has been identified as an efficient medium in the transformation of biomass. Actually, Supercritical Biomass Valorization is a new generation of SCW-based technology, following the R&D development performed in SCW Oxidation. Two main routes can be investigated: the SuperCritical Biomass Gasification process and the SuperCritical Biomass Liquefaction process. Moreover, at present, the increase in the plant sourcing in the chemical industry is inescapable because of the social request for low environmental impact products and the high prices of products from fossil resources. In this context, biomass is particularly interesting because it is abundant and can be easily mobilized. Since lignocellulosic materials constitute approximately 95% of the total plant biomass, the discovery and the investigation of novel and effective pathways for their conversion are very important. In this chapter, we will present the direct SCW liquefaction of this new resource of carbon in order to produce two types of biobased products: 2G biofuels and platform molecules. In the context of a sustainable society, material recycling has an important role to play. Nowadays, the industry cannot produce consumer goods or industrial products without thinking about the future of each product in an environment and energetic point of view. Therefore in the field of environmentally friendly processes, a major challenge is the recycling of man-made materials. SCW has also been identified as an interesting medium for this aim. In this chapter, we will present two major aspects of material recycling using SCW: recycling of plastics and composite materials. We will see that hydrolysis reactions can be completed with alcoholysis reactions using near- and supercritical alcohols.

Anne Loppinet-Serani; Cyril Aymonier

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

CATALYTIC BIOMASS LIQUEFACTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solvent Systems Catalystic Biomass Liquefaction Investigatereactor Product collection Biomass liquefaction process12-13, 1980 CATALYTIC BIOMASS LIQUEFACTION Sabri Ergun,

Ergun, Sabri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

WHEB Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WHEB Biofuels WHEB Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name WHEB Biofuels Place London, United Kingdom Sector Biofuels Product Ethanol producer that also invests in emerging biofuels production technologies. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

430

CPS Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CPS Biofuels CPS Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name CPS Biofuels Place Cary, North Carolina Zip 27513 Sector Biofuels Product R&D company that is developing a new process to produce biofuels from vegetable oils and fats Coordinates 35.78933°, -78.781169° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.78933,"lon":-78.781169,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

Solix Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solix Biofuels Solix Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solix Biofuels Name Solix Biofuels Address 430 B. North College Ave Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80524 Sector Biofuels Product Makes biocrude through closed-pond algae bioreactors Website http://www.solixbiofuels.com/ Coordinates 40.5932386°, -105.0766501° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5932386,"lon":-105.0766501,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

432

Cobalt Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cobalt Biofuels Cobalt Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Cobalt Biofuels Name Cobalt Biofuels Address 500 Clyde Avenue Place Mountain View, California Zip 94043 Sector Biofuels Product Biofutanol and green electricity Year founded 2005 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 650 230 0740 Website http://www.cobaltbiofuels.com/ Coordinates 37.3985482°, -122.0469839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3985482,"lon":-122.0469839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

433

Abundant Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Abundant Biofuels Place Monterey, California Sector Biofuels Product Abundant Biofuels plans to develop biodiesel feedstock plantations, refineries, and distribution channels in one or more Caribbean, Central American, or South American countries. Coordinates 38.413256°, -79.582974° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.413256,"lon":-79.582974,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

434

LC Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LC Biofuels LC Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name LC Biofuels Place Richmond, California Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels producer that owns and operatres a 1.3m facility in Richmond, California. Coordinates 37.5407°, -77.433654° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.5407,"lon":-77.433654,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

435

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels December 5, 2011 - 5:44pm Addthis Idaho National Laboratory describes R&D efforts to transform raw biomass into quality feedstocks for the production of renewable fuels, power and bioproducts. Aaron Crowell Senior Technical Research Analyst What does this project do? Develops and utilizes domestically produced biofuels to make our military and the nation more secure. From transporting the oil necessary to fuel jets and vehicles to supplying battery packs to infantry, energy plays a central role in almost everything the U.S. military does. Because of this reliance, it's imperative that the military cultivate energy sources that are not subject to the whims of

437

Direct measurement and characterization of active photosynthesis zones inside biofuel producing and wastewater remediating microalgal biofilms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: Microalgal biofilm based technologies are of keen interest due to their high biomass concentrations and ability to utilize renewable resources, such as light and CO2. While photoautotrophic biofilms have long been used for wastewater remediation applications, biofuel production represents a relatively new and under-represented focus area. However, the direct measurement and characterization of fundamental parameters required for physiological analyses are challenging due to biofilm heterogeneity. This study evaluated oxygenic photosynthesis and biofuel precursor molecule production using a novel rotating algal biofilm reactor (RABR) operated at field- and laboratory-scales for wastewater remediation and biofuel production, respectively. Clear differences in oxygenic-photosynthesis, respiration and biofuel-precursor capacities were observed between the two systems and different conditions based on light and nitrogen availability. Nitrogen depletion was not found to have the same effect on lipid accumulation compared to prior planktonic studies. Physiological characterizations of these microalgal biofilms identify potential areas for future process optimization.

Bernstein, Hans C.; Kesaano, Maureen; Moll, Karen; Smith, Terence; Gerlach, Robin; Carlson, Ross; Miller, Charles D.; Peyton, Brent; Cooksey, Keith; Gardner, Robert D.; Sims, Ronald C.

2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2012 U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets FAPRI-MU Report #02 for agricultural and biofuel markets.1 That baseline assumes current biofuel policy, including provisions credit expired, as scheduled, at the end of 2011. The additional tax credit for cellulosic biofuel

Noble, James S.

439

Biofuel Science Research at the University of Maryland Biofuels promise energy alternatives that are renewable and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuel Science Research at the University of Maryland Biofuels promise energy alternatives of biofuels would absorb as much pollution as the fuels release during combustion, since plant stocks can-neutral energy to be realized, new sources of biofuels must be found. The current manufacture of biofuels from

Hill, Wendell T.

440

AGCO Biomass Solutions: Biomass 2014 Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Plenary IV: Advances in Bioenergy FeedstocksFrom Field to Fuel AGCO Biomass Solutions: Biomass 2014 Presentation Glenn Farris, Marketing Manager Biomass, AGCO Corporation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 26 NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 2008 169 How biotech can transform biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 26 NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 2008 169 How biotech can transform biofuels Lee R, biotechnological solutions should focus on optimizing the conversion of biomass to sugars. Enthusiasm for using- tional biotechnological paths to producing energy also receiving attention. The proposi- tion that energy

California at Riverside, University of

442

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...converted into synfuel hydrocarbons or cellulosic ethanol...cellulosic ethanol, combustion of waste biomass...such as synfuel hydrocarbons or cellulosic ethanol...Department of Agriculture data on fertilizer, soil...emissions from biofuel combustion as well as production. Given...Electricity and Process Heat at Ethanol Plants...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Can biofuels justify current transport policies?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with increasing GHG (greenhouse gas) intensity (tar sand, oil shale, etc.) · Biofuels increased consumption

444

LIHD biofuels: toward a sustainable future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIHD biofuels: toward a sustainable future 115 Linda Wallace, Department of Botany and Microbiology of America www.frontiersinecology.org Will biofuels help to wean the US off of oil, or at least off simple. First, we need to understand what is meant by the term "biofuel". All biofuels are organic

Palmer, Michael W.

445

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aviation Sustainable Biofuels: An Asian Airline Perspective Dr Mark Watson Head of Environmental Affairs, Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd, Hong Kong Aviation Biofuels Session World Biofuels Markets, Rotterdam 24 March 2011 #12;Aviation Biofuels in Asia: Current Status · Focus on "2nd generation" sustainable

446

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study: Hawai`i Biofuel Projects Prepared 12.1 Deliverable (item 2) Bioenergy Analyses Prepared by Hawai`i Biofuel Foundation And NCSI Americas: Hawaii Biofuel Projects Prepared For Hawaii Natural Energy Institute School of Ocean Earth Sciences

447

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Certification Readiness Study: Hawai`i Biofuel Projects Prepared 12.1 Deliverable Bioenergy Analyses Prepared by Hawai`i Biofuel Foundation And NCSI Americas Inc agency thereof. #12;1 RSB Certification Readiness Study: Hawaii Biofuel Projects Prepared For Hawaii

448

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? The Farmer's Conundrum: Income from Biofuels or Protect the Soil? July 1, 2010 - 11:39am Addthis Lindsay Gsell After a harvest is over, crops can be sold, shipped, canned or consumed. But what happens to the parts of the crops that are inedible-the corn stover, stalks or cobs? Selling crop residues for bioenergy could provide farmers with an extra source of income. Yet, leaving some residue on the fields helps reduce soil erosion and maintain healthy levels of soil carbon and other nutrients. So how can land managers find this balance? Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is developing the Residue Removal Tool -- new software designed to simulate sustainability criteria -- to help find this balance of what to remove and what to leave behind. The software will

449

Chemistry of Furan Conversion into Aromatics and Olefins over HZSM-5: A Model Biomass Conversion Reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(5, 6) The ideal process to produce biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass would be a single step reactor at short residence times where solid biomass is directly converted into a liquid fuel. ... with converting plant biomass into commodity products are considered relative to overcoming the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass (converting cellulosic biomass into reactive intermediates) and product diversification (converting reactive intermediates into useful products). ... conversion processes that include combustion, gasification, liquefaction, hydrogenation and pyrolysis, have been used to convert the biomass into various energy products. ...

Yu-Ting Cheng; George W. Huber

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

450

New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion of Biomass to Fuels Conversion of Biomass to Fuels New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels Scientists made a major step forward recently towards transforming biomass-derived molecules into fuels. February 7, 2013 Artist's conception of the process: Researchers open up a component of the biofuel molecule, called a furan ring, to make it easier to chemically alter. Opening these rings into linear chains is a necessary step in the production of energy-dense fuels, so these linear chains can then be converted into alkanes used in gasoline and diesel fuel. Image by Josh Smith, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Artist's conception of the process: Researchers open up a component of the biofuel molecule, called a furan ring, to make it easier to chemically alter. Opening these rings into linear chains is a necessary step in the

451

New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion of Biomass to Fuels Conversion of Biomass to Fuels New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels Scientists made a major step forward recently towards transforming biomass-derived molecules into fuels. February 7, 2013 Artist's conception of the process: Researchers open up a component of the biofuel molecule, called a furan ring, to make it easier to chemically alter. Opening these rings into linear chains is a necessary step in the production of energy-dense fuels, so these linear chains can then be converted into alkanes used in gasoline and diesel fuel. Image by Josh Smith, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Artist's conception of the process: Researchers open up a component of the biofuel molecule, called a furan ring, to make it easier to chemically alter. Opening these rings into linear chains is a necessary step in the

452

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Florida Department of Management Services (DMS), in coordination with the Florida Department of Transportation (DOT), must conduct an analysis of fuel additives and biofuels DOT uses through its central fueling

453

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Voluntary Biofuels Voluntary Biofuels Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Voluntary Biofuels Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Voluntary Biofuels Program In place of the formal Biodiesel Blend Mandate, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) will launch a voluntary biofuels

454

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

State Biofuel Study to State Biofuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Biofuel Study The Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (Department) conducted a study on the conditions and policies needed to expand biofuel production in Hawaii with the goal of displacing a

455

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Tax Exemption Biofuels Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Tax Exemption Biodiesel or other biofuels produced by an individual from feedstocks grown on the individual's property and used in the individual's own vehicle are

456

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Loan Program Biofuel Loan Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Loan Program The Biofuels Partnership in Assisting Community Expansion (PACE) Loan Program provides an interest buy down of up to 5% below the note rate to biodiesel, ethanol, or green diesel production facilities; livestock

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Minnesota Department of Agriculture (Department) must pursue available resources to promote and increase the production and use of biofuels in the state. These efforts should include increasing the availability of E85 fuel

458

Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets Forest Carbon - Sustaining an Important Climate Service: Roles of Biomass Use and Markets...

459

Biomass 2012: Confronting Challenges, Creating Opportunities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On July 1011, 2012, the U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office hosted its fifth annual conference, Biomass 2012: Confronting Challenges, Creating Opportunities Sustaining a Commitment to Bioenergy, at the Washington, D.C. Convention Center. This year's conference was co-hosted by Advanced Biofuels USA and examined the dynamic playing field of bioenergy in 2012 as exciting new technologies move forward within a shifting policy, tax, and economic landscape. The Biomass 2012 Agenda outlines events from the conference, including information about the exciting breakout sessions.

460

NREL: Biomass Research - Richard L. Bain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Richard L. Bain Richard L. Bain Photo of Richard Bain Richard Bain is a Principal Engineer in the National Bioenergy Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. He has worked at NREL since 1990 and has extensive experience in the thermal conversion of biomass, municipal wastes, coal, and petroleum. He is a lead researcher in the area of production of transportation fuels and hydrogen via thermochemical conversion of biomass; technical advisor to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) on biofuels demonstrations; and Task Leader for the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Annex Biomass Gasification Task. Dr. Bain manages biomass gasification research activities for the Fuel Cell Technologies Program at NREL and coordinates support to the USDA for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Renewable Chemicals and Advanced Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chemicals and Advanced Biofuels Renewable Chemicals and Advanced Biofuels Afternoon Plenary Session: Current Trends in the Advanced Bioindustry Advanced Biofuels & Policy-Brett...

462

Innovative Topics for Advanced Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Innovative Topics for Advanced Biofuels Innovative Topics for Advanced Biofuels PNNL report-out presentation at the CTAB webinar on innovative topics for advanced biofuels....

463

Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biofuel Market Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market The Success of Advanced Biofuels Anne Steckel, Vice President of Federal Affairs, National Biodiesel Board...

464

Editorial biofuel: The butanol perspective and algal biofuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tel Aviv-based Seambiotic and Seattle-based Inventure Chemical in a joint venture plan to use CO2 emissions-fed algae to make ethanol and biodiesel at a biofuel plant in Ashkelon, Israel . In Australia...

Vedpal Singh Malik

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Sustainable Use of Biofuel by Recycling Ash to Forests:? Treatment of Biofuel Ash  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sustainable Use of Biofuel by Recycling Ash to Forests:? Treatment of Biofuel Ash ... Ash samples from combustion of biofuels in a circulating fluidized bed and grate-firing combustion plants are studied. ...

Maryam Mahmoudkhani; Tobias Richards; Hans Theliander

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

466

Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/ Country Tanzania UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

467

NREL: News Feature - NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels NREL Breaks Down Walls for Biofuels November 30, 2009 Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and ethanol producers are racing to come up with ways to make ethanol from cellulosic biomass that are cheaper and easier to produce than current methods. But they are hitting a wall. Cell walls in plants are making the production of cellulosic ethanol a challenge. So researchers are creating their own computer program to help model and break down the tiny fibers of cellulose - or fibrils - found in plant cells. Although ethanol is becoming more available to consumers, NREL is working closely with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to meet a quickly approaching goal to produce competitively priced ethanol for $1.50 per gallon by 2012. Why the rush? DOE believes this is the price at which

468

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) Tropical Africa: Total Forest Biomass (By Country) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. More Maps Calculated Actual Aboveground Live Biomass in Forests (1980) Maximum Potential Biomass Density Land Use (1980) Area of Closed Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Closed Forests (By County) Area of Open Forests (By Country) Mean Biomass of Open Forests (By County) Percent Forest Cover (By Country) Population Density - 1990 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1980 (By Administrative Unit) Population Density - 1970 (By Administrative Unit)

469

SG Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name SG Biofuels Address 132. N. El Camino Real Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Sector Biofuels Product Specializes in cultivating and processing Jatropha (a shrub) to produce biodiesel, energy, and bioplastics Website http://www.sgfuel.com/ Coordinates 33.0468773°, -117.2596637° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0468773,"lon":-117.2596637,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

Acciona Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acciona Biofuels Acciona Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Acciona Biofuels Place Pamplona, Spain Zip 31002 Product A subsidiary of Acciona Energia, that specialises in the technological development of biofuel technology and power plants. Coordinates 42.81275°, -1.643754° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.81275,"lon":-1.643754,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

Cellulosic BiofuelsGot Gasoline?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...plant lipid source, algae. Conversion routes may...FORESTRY IMAGES; (ALGAE) ALIKI SAPOUNTZI/ALIKI...renewable biofuels such as biodiesel, the goal is to replace...Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae, July 1998 , www.nrel...

John R. Regalbuto

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a number of unique scale-up challenges. Algal Lipid: Precursor to Biofuels Bio-Crude * Biogas * Co-products (e.g., animal feed, fertilizers, industrial enzymes, bioplastics, and...

473

Propel Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Propel Biofuels Propel Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Propel Biofuels Address 4444 Woodland Park Ave North Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biofuels Product Sells biodiesel and E85 ethanol blends Website http://www.propelfuels.com/con Coordinates 47.6606589°, -122.344595° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6606589,"lon":-122.344595,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

474

Biomass 2011: Replace the Whole Barrel, Supply the Whole Market  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

More than 600 speakers, moderators, sponsors, exhibitors, and attendees were able to listen to discussions about the ongoing challenges and achievements in the bioenergy industry. Biomass 2011 addressed key issues in important areas, such as feedstock supply, conversion pathways, algal biofuels, investment risk and innovation, regulation and policy, and the international perspective.

475

Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels Acting Biomass Program Manager Dr. Valerie Reed to Host Live Twitter Q&A on Advanced Biofuels December 16, 2011 - 10:27am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Friday, December 16th, the Energy Department (@energy) will be hosting a live Twitter Q&A on biofuels with Dr. Valerie Reed, Acting Manager of the Biomass Program. Dr. Reed holds a Ph. D. in Biochemistry from Georgetown University. In addition to her programmatic activities, Valerie is a founding member of the Metabolic Engineering Working Group, which is an interagency effort to advance metabolic engineering technologies for industrial, agricultural and human needs. She also co-chairs the Interagency Working Group on Conversion

476

Biomass Basics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Biomass is an energy resource derived from organic matter, which includes wood, agricultural waste, and other living-cell material that can be burned to produce heat energy. It also includes algae,...

477

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Tax Deduction Biofuels Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Tax Deduction A business and occupation tax deduction is available for the sale or distribution of biodiesel or E85 motor fuel. This deduction is available until July 1, 2015. (Reference Revised Code of Washington 82.04.4334

478

Best Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels LLC Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Best Biofuels LLC Place Austin, Texas Zip 78746 Sector Biofuels Product Best Biofuels is developing and commercialising vegetable oils and ethanol as fuel. References Best Biofuels LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Best Biofuels LLC is a company located in Austin, Texas . References ↑ "Best Biofuels LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Best_Biofuels_LLC&oldid=342683" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

479

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Advanced Biofuel Advanced Biofuel Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Incentives The North Dakota Industrial Commission's Renewable Energy Program provides matching grants and other forms of assistance to support research and

480

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Promotion The state legislature supports the Federal "25 x 25" initiative, under which 25% of the total energy consumed in the United States by 2025 would

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuels biomass carbon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Blender Biofuels Blender Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Blender Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Blender Requirements Blenders of ethanol and gasoline and biodiesel and diesel fuels outside of the bulk transfer terminal system must obtain a blender's license and are

482

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Biofuels Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Infrastructure Grants The Renewable Fuel Infrastructure Program provides financial assistance to qualified E85 and biodiesel retailers. Cost-share grants are available for

483

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Reduced Biofuels Tax Reduced Biofuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Reduced Biofuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Reduced Biofuels Tax A tax of $0.12 per gallon is imposed on gasoline containing at least 70% ethanol (E70) and diesel fuel containing at least 5% biodiesel (B5). This is a $0.07 discount compared to the conventional gasoline tax of $0.19 per

484

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The New Jersey Assembly urges the U.S. Congress to maintain the federal Renewable Fuels Standard, which will increase the production of domestic renewable fuel, enhance consumer choice, improve the economy, increase

485

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Research Biofuels Research Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Research Grants The Colorado Office of Economic Development administers the Bioscience Discovery Evaluation Grant Program (Program), which provides grants to

486

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive Qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers are eligible for production incentives on a per gallon basis. To be eligible for the incentive, the

487

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Feedstock Biofuels Feedstock Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Feedstock Requirements Renewable fuel production plants operating in Louisiana and deriving ethanol from the distillation of corn must use corn crops harvested in

488

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Research Biofuels Research Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Research Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Research Grants The Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development administers a fuel diversification grant program to provide funding to

489

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Use Biofuels Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Use Requirement State-owned diesel-powered vehicles and equipment must use a biodiesel blend that contains at least 2% biodiesel (B2), where available, as long as

490

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuel Use Biofuel Use Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Use Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Use Requirements To reduce fossil fuel dependence and statewide greenhouse gas emissions, New Jersey state departments, agencies, offices, universities, and colleges

491

DEVELOPMENT OF A VALIDATED MODEL FOR USE IN MINIMIZING NOx EMISSIONS AND MAXIMIZING CARBON UTILIZATION WHEN COFIRING BIOMASS WITH COAL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the first Quarterly Technical Report for DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-00NT40895. A statement of the project objectives is included in the Introduction of this report. The project goals and detailed plans were presented in two project kickoff meetings; one at NETL in Pittsburgh and one in Birmingham, AL at Southern Research Institute. Progress has been made in developing a modeling approach to synthesize the reaction time and temperature distributions that will be produced by computational fluid dynamic models of the pilot-scale combustion furnace and the char burnout and chemical reaction kinetics that will predict NOx emissions and unburned carbon levels in the furnace exhaust. Preparations are under way for the initial pilot-scale combustion experiments.

Larry G. Felix; P. Vann Bush; Stephen Niksa

2001-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

492

Colorado Centre for Biorefining and Biofuels C2B2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biorefining and Biofuels C2B2 Biorefining and Biofuels C2B2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Colorado Centre for Biorefining and Biofuels (C2B2) Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80309 Sector Biofuels, Biomass Product The Colorado Centre for Biorefining and Biofuels (C2B2) is a cooperative research and educational centre devoted to the conversion of biomass to fuels and other products. Coordinates 42.74962°, -109.714163° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.74962,"lon":-109.714163,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

493

Introduction slide 2 Biofuels and Algae Markets, Systems,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction slide 2 Biofuels and Algae Markets, Systems, Players and Commercialization Outlook http://www.emerging-markets.com Consultant, Global Biofuels Business Development Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey (2008) Algae 2020: Biofuels Commercialization Outlook (2009) Columnist, Biofuels

494

Biomass Recalcitrance: Engineering Plants and Enzymes for Biofuels Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the hydrated cellulose surface (15). The strong interchain...closely associated to the surface of the rigid cellulose crystallite...group C3 (blue) are 18 surface chains that are subcrystalline...chemical and enzymatic treatments. A pretreatment step...the solubilization of xylan in hemicellulose appears...

Michael E. Himmel; Shi-You Ding; David K. Johnson; William S. Adney; Mark R. Nimlos; John W. Brady; Thomas D. Foust

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

495

Cellulosic Biofuels and the Road to Energy Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cellulosic Biofuels and the Road to Energy Security ... And we badly need some operating commercial scale cellulosic biofuel plants. ...

Bruce E. Dale

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

496

An integrative modeling framework to evaluate the productivity and sustainability of biofuel crop production systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: (1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, (2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and (3) an evolutionary multiobjective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a nine-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to (1) simulate biofuel crop production, (2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and (3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, X [University of Maryland; Izaurralde, R. C. [University of Maryland; Manowitz, D. [University of Maryland; West, T. O. [University of Maryland; Thomson, A. M. [University of Maryland; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL; Nichols, Jeff [ORNL; Williams, J. [AgriLIFE, Temple, TX

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

An Integrative Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Productivity and Sustainability of Biofuel Crop Production Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially-explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: 1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, 2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and 3) an evolutionary multi-objective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a 9-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to 1) simulate biofuel crop production, 2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and 3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; West, T. O.; Post, W. M.; Thomson, Allison M.; Bandaru, V. P.; Nichols, J.; Williams, J.R.

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

498

Forests, carbon and global climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...Atmosphere analysis Biomass Carbon metabolism Carbon...through fossil-fuel combustion and land-use change...during fossil fuel and biomass combustion and the release of ammo...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

108 www.ncga.com/ethanol/pdfs/energy_balance_report_et al. (2005). "Ethanol as fuels: Energy, carbon dioxidebiomass gasification, biomass energy, ethanol for energy

Kammen, Daniel M; Farrell, Alexander E; Plevin, Richard J; Jones, Andrew D; Nemet, Gregory F; Delucchi, Mark A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry