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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Facility Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Facility Grants The Renewable Fuels Development Program provides grants for the

2

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit Companies that invest in the development of a biofuel production facility

3

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Credit A taxpayer who processes biodiesel, ethanol, or gasoline blends consisting

4

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Facility Tax Credit A taxpayer that constructs and places into service a commercial facility

5

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Facility Tax Exemption Any newly constructed or expanded biomass-to-energy facility is exempt from

6

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Facility Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Facility Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center:...

7

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

8

Alternative and Renewable fuels and Vehicle Technology Program Subject Area: Biofuels production Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative and Renewable fuels and Vehicle Technology Program Subject Area: Biofuels production: Commercial Facilities · Applicant's Legal Name: Yokayo Biofuels, Inc. · Name of project: A Catalyst for Success · Project Description: Yokayo Biofuels, an industry veteran with over 10 years experience

9

Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright 2011 Hiroshi Sakuragi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Large amounts of fossil fuels are consumed every day in spite of increasing environmental problems. To preserve the environment and construct a sustainable society, the use of biofuels derived from different kinds of biomass is being practiced worldwide. Although bioethanol has been largely produced, it commonly requires food crops such as corn and sugar cane as substrates. To develop a sustainable energy supply, cellulosic biomass should be used for bioethanol production instead of grain biomass. For this purpose, cell surface engineering technology is a very promising method. In biobutanol and biodiesel production, engineered host fermentation has attracted much attention; however, this method has many limitations such as low productivity and low solvent tolerance of microorganisms. Despite these problems, biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel are potential energy sources that can help establish a sustainable society. 1.

Hiroshi Sakuragi; Kouichi Kuroda; Mitsuyoshi Ueda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

ECCO Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECCO Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name ECCO Biofuels Place Texas Sector Biofuels Product ECCO Biofuels manufactures biodiesel production facilities as well as produces...

11

Combined Heat and Power in Biofuels Production and Use of Biofuels for Power Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rise of the biofuels industry presents electric utilities with two types of opportunities: combined heat and power (CHP) applications in biofuel production facilities using topping and bottoming power generation cycles and the use of the biofuels as a fuel in electric power generation. This report reviews production processes for ethanol and biodiesel, including the prospects for CHP applications, and describes power generation opportunities for the use of biofuels in power production, especially in ...

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

12

Responses to Questions and Answers Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation (PON-11-601)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- examples ­ Wholesale and retail markets ­ transparency, cost allocations and price signals ­ Refocus/Brazil ­ biofuels ­ Hawaii/Philippines ­ energy efficiency technology ­ Southern States/Thailand ­ sustainable

13

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce (Department) provides incentive payments to qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers

14

Thermostabilized enzyme created for biofuels production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermostabilized enzyme created for biofuels production Thermostabilized enzyme created for biofuels production These enzymes might serve as biocatalysts for carbon sequestration...

15

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Grants The Biofuels Production Incentive Grant Program provides grants to producers of advanced biofuels, specifically fuels derived from any

16

Using mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio-fuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio Committee Using mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio to more energy dense substances (bio-oil, bio-slurry or torrefied wood) that can be transported

Victoria, University of

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Incentive Qualified ethanol and biodiesel producers are eligible for production incentives on a per gallon basis. To be eligible for the incentive, the

18

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Promotion The state legislature supports the Federal "25 x 25" initiative, under which 25% of the total energy consumed in the United States by 2025 would

19

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extent of po- tential biofuel production in California areglobal increases in biofuel production have raised ques-for sustainable biofuel production. This discussion has been

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sugar yields for biofuel production. Nat Biotechnol 25(7):research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose A keylignocellulosic biofuel production and highlight scientific

Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and extent of po- tential biofuel production in CaliforniaRegulations versus science. Biofuel Bio- product Refining 3:wastewaters may be used in biofuel feedstock production of

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska March 24, 2010 - 2:54pm Addthis Novozymes was awarded a 28.4 million tax credit...

23

Biofuels and bio-products derived from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEED Biofuels and bio- products derived from lignocellulosic biomass (plant materials) are part improve the energy and carbon efficiencies of biofuels production from a barrel of biomass using chemical and thermal catalytic mechanisms. The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels IMPACT

Pittendrigh, Barry

24

Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TS, Steen E, Keasling JD: Biofuel Alternatives to ethanol:in engineering microbes for biofuel production Aindrila

Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

case studies of specific biofuel production pathways using aenvironmental impacts of biofuel production and use are notimpacts. In addition, biofuel production facilities can use

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Supercomputers Tackle Biofuel Production Problems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

V V E R C O M I N G P L A N T R E C A L C I T R A N C E Supercomputers Tackle BIOFUEL Production Problems If you have ever dealt with an uncooperative, fractious kid or a combative employee, you understand the meaning of "recalcitrance" - over-the-top stubbornness, disobedience, and noncompliance. But recalcitrance is not just a human trait - plants can be recalcitrant, too, and for them it is a matter of survival. Over millions of years, plants have evolved complex structural and chemical mechanisms to ward off assaults on their structural sugars by microbial and animal marauders. So it should be no surprise that when humans attempt to turn plant biomass into biofuels to meet our energy needs, we discover how stubborn and noncompliant our vegetative friends can be. Plant recalcitrance is one of

27

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainable biofuel production." Ecotoxicology Dimensions in Biofuel Production. Rome, Italy, UN resource impact of biofuel production and trade By Kevin

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Property Tax Exemption

29

Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels  

ORNL 2011-G00203/jcn UT-B ID 201002408 08.2011 Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels Technology Summary Researchers at ORNL developed microorganisms that can ...

30

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Sustainable Biofuels Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices

31

Versatile microbial surface-display for environmental remediation and biofuels production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remediation and biofuel production will be discussed. Newpollutant degradation, biofuel production and production of

Hawkes, Daniel S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production and Distribution Contracts on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

33

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels August 11, 2011 - 3:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON,...

34

Biofuels Consumption and Production by Country (2000 - 2010)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Consumption and Production by Country (2000 - 2010) Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration...

35

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production David F. Savage , Jeffrey through natural intermediates to final molecule is long, and biofuel production is perhaps the ultimate engineering, economic, political, and environmental realities. Are biofuels sustainable? Consider U

36

Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sugar yields for biofuel production. Nat Biotechnol 25(7):Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production fromA key strategy for biofuel produc- tion is making use of the

Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska Biofuels Company Builds New Facility in Nebraska March 24, 2010 - 2:54pm Addthis Novozymes was awarded a $28.4 million tax credit to build an enzyme facility in Blair, Neb. | Photo courtesy of Novozymes Novozymes was awarded a $28.4 million tax credit to build an enzyme facility in Blair, Neb. | Photo courtesy of Novozymes Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The biofuels company Novozymes received a $28.4 million tax credit under the Recovery Act for the construction of a new facility in Blair, Neb., that produces enzymes to turn waste into fuel. The project, sparked by the increasing demand for cellulosic fuel, will create 100 green jobs and reduce the company's transportation costs and carbon footprint.

38

Constraints on algal biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aspiration for producing algal biofuel is motivated by the desire to replace conventional petroleum fuels, produce fuels domestically, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Although, (more)

Beal, Colin McCartney

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States' Biofuel Policies and Compliance Water Impacts of Biofuel Extend Beyond Irrigation." for assessing sustainable biofuel production."

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Credit A certified commercial biofuel producer is eligible for an income tax credit of $0.05 per gasoline gallon equivalent of biofuel produced for use

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Polymer applications for improved biofuel production from algae.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biofuel is a renewable and sustainable energy source with near-neutral carbon footprint. Algae are an ideal feedstock for biofuel production because they reproduce quickly and (more)

Jones, Jessica Naomi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Kreido Biofuels formerly Gemwood Productions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Kreido Biofuels formerly Gemwood Productions Jump to: navigation, search Name Kreido Biofuels...

43

A Prospective Target for Advanced Biofuel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and P. D. Adams, "Structure of a three-domain sesquiterpene synthase: a prospective target for advanced biofuels production," Structure 19, 1876-1884 (2011). DOI: 10.1016...

44

Design of highly distributed biofuel production systems .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis develops quantitative methods for evaluation and design of large-scale biofuel production systems with a particular focus on bioreactor-based fuel systems. In Chapter 2, (more)

Luo, Dexin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Production Tax Biofuel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Production Tax Credit Biofuel producers in New York State may qualify for a state tax credit of $0.15 per gallon of biodiesel (B100) or ethanol produced after the

46

Biofuel Co-Product Uses for Pavement Geo-Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Co-Product Uses for Pavement Geo-Materials Stabilization Final Report April 2010 Sponsored's Catalog No. IHRB Project TR-582 4. Title and Subtitle 5. Report Date Biofuel Co-Product Uses for Pavement The production and use of biofuels has increased in the present context of sustainable development. Biofuel

Beresnev, Igor

47

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Deduction The cost of purchasing qualified biomass feedstocks to be processed into

48

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Production Tax Exemption Qualifying buildings, equipment, and land used in the manufacturing of

49

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using YeastBiomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using YeastConsortium for efficient biofuel production: A New Candidate

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carboxylate platform for biofuel production E.B. Hollisterbiomass conversion and biofuel production. Keywords: mixedbiomass conversion and biofuel production. Materials and

Hollister, E.B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium Afor Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium byConsortium for efficient biofuel production: A New Candidate

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expression. Microbial biofuel production is one area whereal. 2008). Typical biofuel production processes start withwith uncertainty in the biofuel production rate. Our ?ndings

Dunlop, Mary J.; Keasling, Jay D.; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Manipulation of the Carbon Storage Regulator System for Metabolite Remodeling and Biofuel Production in Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remodeling and biofuel production in Escherichia coli.JD: Advanced biofuel production in microbes. Biotechnol JJM, Gonzalez R: Biofuel production in Escherichia coli: the

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetica model for microbial biofuel production where a syntheticloop that limits biofuel production. These toxic effects may

Dunlop, Mary

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The in vitro characterization of heterologously expressed enzymes to inform in vivo biofuel production optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to inform in vivo biofuel production optimization By Davidto inform in vivo biofuel production optimization by Davidability to increase biofuel production titers. Taking a step

Garcia, David Ernest

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economically viable biofuel production, all aspects of thesemany challenges on biofuel production [1,3 ,28-30]. Some ofhigh-flux reactions. Biofuel production efforts can benefit

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carboxylate platform for biofuel production E.B. Hollisterbiomass conversion and biofuel production. Keywords: mixedconversion and biofuel production. Materials and Methods

Hollister, E.B.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Versatile microbial surface-display for environmental remediation and biofuels production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering microbes for biofuels production. Science 315,xenobiotics remediation and biofuels production. TargetP. putida JS444 E. coli Biofuels Production Cellobiose

Hawkes, Daniel S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

On-Farm Biofuel On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type On-Farm Biofuel Production Grants The Governor's Office of Agricultural Policy provides grants through the

60

Manipulation of the Carbon Storage Regulator System for Metabolite Remodeling and Biofuel Production in Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metabolite remodeling and biofuel production in Escherichiathrough engineered biofuel pathways. A) Overexpression ofPP, Keasling JD: Advanced biofuel production in microbes.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steen E, Keasling JD (2008) Biofuel alternatives to ethanol:gene expression. Microbial biofuel production is one areaet al. 2008). Typical biofuel production processes start

Dunlop, Mary J.; Keasling, Jay D.; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetica model for microbial biofuel production where a syntheticcell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be

Dunlop, Mary

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The in vitro characterization of heterologously expressed enzymes to inform in vivo biofuel production optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enzymes to inform in vivo biofuel production optimization Byenzymes to inform in vivo biofuel production optimization byE & Keasling JD (2008) Biofuel alternatives to ethanol:

Garcia, David Ernest

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

65

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Payments to someone by E-mail Payments to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Payments on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Advanced Biofuel Production Payments Through the Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels (Section 9005),

66

A Realistic Technology and Engineering Assessment of Algae Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

microalgae biofuel technologies for both oil and biogas production, provides an initial assessment of the US or wastewater treatment, (2) biofuel outputs--either biogas only or biogas plus oil, and (3) farm size

Quinn, Nigel

67

Metabolic Engineering of oleaginous yeast for the production of biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The past few years have introduced a flurry of interest over renewable energy sources. Biofuels have gained attention as renewable alternatives to liquid transportation fuels. Microbial platforms for biofuel production ...

Tai, Mitchell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production How can the US of biodiversity. The future of the biofuel industry will depend on public investment and trust that industry for increasing biofuel production have already come under fire because of real and perceived threats

69

Project summary Improving the Productivity of Algal Bioreactors for Biofuel and Biochemical Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project summary Improving the Productivity of Algal Bioreactors for Biofuel and Biochemical-derived fuels, or biofuels, are seen as a substantial portion of a sustainable energy portfolio. Aquatic algal biofuel production currently exist. Many private companies are currently attempting

Walter, M.Todd

70

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of microbial hosts for biofuels production. Metab Eng 2008,delivers next-generation biofuels. Nat Biotechnol 27.furfural (HMF). Biotechnol Biofuels 2008, 1:12. 40. Trinh

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Agriculture and Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Agriculture and Forestry Biofuel Production Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

72

Multiphase Flow Modeling of Biofuel Production Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the Idaho National Laboratory's (INL's) Secure Energy Initiative, the INL is performing research in areas that are vital to ensuring clean, secure energy supplies for the future. The INL Hybrid Energy Systems Testing (HYTEST) Laboratory is being established to develop and test hybrid energy systems with the principal objective to safeguard U.S. Energy Security by reducing dependence on foreign petroleum. HYTEST involves producing liquid fuels in a Hybrid Energy System (HES) by integrating carbon-based (i.e., bio-mass, oil-shale, etc.) with non-carbon based energy sources (i.e., wind energy, hydro, geothermal, nuclear, etc.). Advances in process development, control and modeling are the unifying vision for HES. This paper describes new modeling tools and methodologies to simulate advanced energy processes. Needs are emerging that require advanced computational modeling of multiphase reacting systems in the energy arena, driven by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, which requires production of 36 billion gal/yr of biofuels by 2022, with 21 billion gal of this as advanced biofuels. Advanced biofuels derived from microalgal biomass have the potential to help achieve the 21 billion gal mandate, as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Production of biofuels from microalgae is receiving considerable interest due to their potentially high oil yields (around 600 gal/acre). Microalgae have a high lipid content (up to 50%) and grow 10 to 100 times faster than terrestrial plants. The use of environmentally friendly alternatives to solvents and reagents commonly employed in reaction and phase separation processes is being explored. This is accomplished through the use of hydrothermal technologies, which are chemical and physical transformations in high-temperature (200-600 C), high-pressure (5-40 MPa) liquid or supercritical water. Figure 1 shows a simplified diagram of the production of biofuels from algae. Hydrothermal processing has significant advantages over other biomass processing methods with respect to separations. These 'green' alternatives employ a hybrid medium that, when operated supercritically, offers the prospect of tunable physicochemical properties. Solubility can be rapidly altered and phases partitioned selectively to precipitate or dissolve certain components by altering temperature or pressure in the near-critical region. The ability to tune the solvation properties of water in the highly compressible near-critical region facilitates partitioning of products or by-products into separate phases to separate and purify products. Since most challenges related to lipid extraction are associated with the industrial scale-up of integrated extraction systems, the new modeling capability offers the prospect of addressing previously untenable scaling issues.

D. Gaston; D. P. Guillen; J. Tester

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Grazing Strategies for Beef Production Escalating energy costs and alternative cropping systems for biofuels production have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for biofuels production have dramatically increased costs of fertilizer, seed, and feed grains. These increased

74

YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YOKAYO BIOFUELS, INC. GRANT FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND EXPANSION OF AN EXISTING FACILITY INITIAL STUDY-11-601) to expand an existing biofuels production facility (Yokayo Biofuels, Inc.) located at 350 Orr: THE PROPOSED PROJECT: Yokayo Biofuels, Inc. is an existing biofuels facility located at 350 Orr Springs Road

75

Analyzing Impact of Intermodal Facilities on Design and Management of Biofuel Supply Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of an intermodal facility on location and transportation decisions for biofuel production plants is analyzed. Location decisions affect the management of the inbound and outbound logistics of a plant. This supply chain design and management problem is modeled as a mixed integer program. Input data for this model are location of intermodal facilities and available transportation modes, cost and cargo capacity for each transportation mode, geographical distribution of biomass feedstock and production yields, and biomass processing and inventory costs. Outputs from this model are the number, location, and capacity of biofuel production plants. For each plant, the transportation mode used, timing of shipments, shipment size, inventory size, and production schedule that minimize the delivery cost of biofuel are determined. The model proposed in this research can be used as a decision-making tool for investors in the biofuels industry since it estimates the real cost of the business. The state of Mississippi is considered as the testing grounds for the model.

Eksioglu, Sandra D [ORNL; Li, Song [ORNL; Zhang, Shu [Mississippi State University (MSU); Petrolia, Daniel [Mississippi State University (MSU); Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Biofuels Fuels Technology Pathway Options for Advanced Drop-in Biofuels Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advanced drop-in hydrocarbon biofuels require biofuel alternatives for refinery products other than gasoline. Candidate biofuels must have performance characteristics equivalent to conventional petroleum-based fuels. The technology pathways for biofuel alternatives also must be plausible, sustainable (e.g., positive energy balance, environmentally benign, etc.), and demonstrate a reasonable pathway to economic viability and end-user affordability. Viable biofuels technology pathways must address feedstock production and environmental issues through to the fuel or chemical end products. Potential end products include compatible replacement fuel products (e.g., gasoline, diesel, and JP8 and JP5 jet fuel) and other petroleum products or chemicals typically produced from a barrel of crude. Considering the complexity and technology diversity of a complete biofuels supply chain, no single entity or technology provider is capable of addressing in depth all aspects of any given pathway; however, all the necessary expert entities exist. As such, we propose the assembly of a team capable of conducting an in-depth technology pathway options analysis (including sustainability indicators and complete LCA) to identify and define the domestic biofuel pathways for a Green Fleet. This team is not only capable of conducting in-depth analyses on technology pathways, but collectively they are able to trouble shoot and/or engineer solutions that would give industrial technology providers the highest potential for success. Such a team would provide the greatest possible down-side protection for high-risk advanced drop-in biofuels procurement(s).

Kevin L Kenney

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Grants and Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Grants and Loan Guarantees to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Biofuel Production Grants and Loan Guarantees on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

78

Advantages of Enzyme Could Lead to Improved Biofuels Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

may have several advantages over other fungal and bacterial cellulases for use in biofuels production: very high specific activity, stability at elevated tempera- tures, and a...

79

The impacts of biofuels production in rural Kansas: local perceptions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the discourse of biofuels development in Kansas as promoted by rural growth machines. Corn-based ethanol production capacity and use in the United (more)

Iaroi, Albert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The possibility for micro algae based biofuel production on Bonaire.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microalgae are a promising alternative source of lipid and biofuel production in the future. Renewable, carbon neutral, transport fuels are necessary for environmental and economic (more)

Ebbing, A.P.J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Development of a novel algae biofilm photobioreactor for biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Algae are photosynthetic microorganisms that convert carbon dioxide and sunlight into biomass that can be used for biofuel production. Although they are usually cultivated in (more)

Ozkan, Altan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Archer Daniels Midland Company: CO2 Capture from Biofuels Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Company: CO 2 Capture from Biofuels Production and Sequestration into the Mt. Simon Sandstone Background Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions from industrial processes, among other...

83

Radiation Characteristics of Botryococcus braunii, Chlorococcum littorale, and Chlorella sp. Used For CO2 Fixation and Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO 2 Fixation and Biofuel Production Halil Berberoglu + ,2 mitigation and biofuel productions namely (i) Botryococcusfor CO 2 ?xation and biofuel production over the spectral

Berberoglu, Halil; Gomez, Pedro; Pilon, Laurent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Nuclear Facilities Production Facilities  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Sand 2011-4582P. ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF) The GIF provides test cells for...

85

Partnering with Industry to Advance Biofuels, NREL's Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing NREL's Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility and its availability to biofuels' industry partners who want to operate, test, and develop biorefining technology and equipment.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Biofuels International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels International Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuels International Place Indiana Sector Biofuels Product Pittsburgh based biofuels project developer presently...

87

Radiation Characteristics of Botryococcus braunii, Chlorococcum littorale, and Chlorella sp. Used For CO2 Fixation and Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For CO 2 Fixation and Biofuel Production Halil Berberoglufor CO 2 mitigation and biofuel productions namely (i)this technology, (2) culture of biofuel producing algae is

Berberoglu, Halil; Gomez, Pedro; Pilon, Laurent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Water Implications of Biofuels Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Implications of Biofuels Production Water Implications of Biofuels Production Project Summary Full Title: Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States Project ID: 227 Principal Investigator: William S. Logan Brief Description: The National Research Council conducted a workshop and wrote a report examining the potential effects of biofuels production in the U.S. on water and related land resources. Purpose Examine the possible effects of biofuel development on water and related land resources. The central questions are how water use and water quality are expected to change as the U.S. agricultural portfolio shifts to include more energy crops and as overall agricultural production potentially increases. Such questions are considered within the context of U.S. policy and also the expected advances in technology and agricultural practices

89

Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

As David Rotman states in his article on biofuels, the conversion of biomass to liquid fuel is energy intensive--just like the conversion of coal or any other solid fuel to liquid fuel. That implies that the quantity of liquid fuel from biomass and the carbon dioxide released in the production process strongly depend upon the energy source used in the conversion process. Each year, the United States could produce about 1.3 billion tons of renewable biomass for use as fuel. Burning it would release about as much energy as burning 10 million barrels of diesel fuel per day. If converted to ethanol, the biomass would have the energy value of about five million barrels of diesel fuel per day. The remainder of the energy would be used by the biomass-to-liquids conversion plant. If a nuclear reactor or other energy source provides the energy for the biomass-to-liquids plants, the equivalent of over 12 million barrels of diesel fuel can be produced per day. If our goal is to end oil imports and avoid greenhouse-gas releases, we must combine biomass and nuclear energy to maximize biofuels production.

Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Synthetic Feedback Loop for Increasing Microbial Biofuel Production Using a Biosensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Current biofuel production methods use engineered bacteria to break down cellulose and convert it to biofuel. However, this production is limited by the toxicity of (more)

Harrison, Mary

91

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification Matt Johnston1 and biodiesel feedstock crops. With biofuels coming under increasing pressure to slow or eliminate indirect land

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

92

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Biofuel production technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of different biofuels can be produced, including Fisher-Tropsch liquids (FTL), dimethyl ether (DME that would be used for biofuel production. These fuels include Fischer-Tropsch liquids (FTL), methanol such as dimethyl ether (DME) or Fischer-Tropsch liquids (FTL) made from lignocellulosic biomass. A relatively

93

from Isotope Production Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility April 13, 2012 Isotope Production Facility produces cancer-fighting actinium - 2 - 2:32 Isotope cancer...

94

Radiant and thermal energy transport in planktonic and benthic algae systems for sustainable biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biofuel production from microalgal biomass offers a clean and sustainable liquid fuel alternative to fossil fuels. In addition, algae cultivation is advantageous over traditional biofuel (more)

Murphy, Thomas Eugene

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses of Algae Biofuels Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses of Algae Biofuels Production Transportation Energy The Issue Algae biofuels directly address the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research fuels more carbonintensive than conventional biofuels. Critics of this study argue that alternative

96

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels.switchgrass, and wood; Biodiesel production using soybean

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuels technology. Traditionally, for ethanol production corn starch and sugarcane were used as raw materials (

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Biofuel Production Initiative at Claflin University Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For US transportation fuel independence or reduced dependence on foreign oil, the Federal Government has mandated that the country produce 36 billion gallons (bg) of renewable transportation fuel per year for its transportation fuel supply by 2022. This can be achieved only if development of efficient technology for second generation biofuel from ligno-cellulosic sources is feasible. To be successful in this area, development of a widely available, renewable, cost-effective ligno-cellulosic biomass feedstock that can be easily and efficiently converted biochemically by bacteria or other fast-growing organisms is required. Moreover, if the biofuel type is butanol, then the existing infrastructure to deliver fuel to the customer can be used without additional costs and retrofits. The Claflin Biofuel Initiative project is focused on helping the US meet the above-mentioned targets. With support from this grant, Claflin University (CU) scientists have created over 50 new strains of microorganisms that are producing butanol from complex carbohydrates and cellulosic compounds. Laboratory analysis shows that a number of these strains are producing higher percentages of butanol than other methods currently in use. All of these recombinant bacterial strains are producing relatively high concentrations of acetone and numerous other byproducts as well. Therefore, we are carrying out intense mutations in the selected strains to reduce undesirable byproducts and increase the desired butanol production to further maximize the yield of butanol. We are testing the proof of concept of producing pre-industrial large scale biobutanol production by utilizing modifications of currently commercially available fermentation technology and instrumentation. We have already developed an initial process flow diagram (PFD) and selected a site for a biobutanol pilot scale facility in Orangeburg, SC. With the recent success in engineering new strains of various biofuel producing bacteria at CU, it will soon be possible to provide other technical information for the development of process flow diagrams (PFDs) and piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs). This information can be used for the equipment layout and general arrangement drawings for the proposed process and eventual plant. An efficient bio-butanol pilot plant to convert ligno-cellulosic biomass feedstock from bagasse and wood chips will create significant number of green jobs for the Orangeburg, SC community that will be environmentally-friendly and generate much-needed income for farmers in the area.

Chowdhury, Kamal

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

99

Genes for Xylose Fermentation, Enhanced Biofuel Production in Yeast  

Efficient fermentation of cellulosic feedstocks is an essential step in the production of biofuel from plant materials. Glucose and xylose are the two most abundant monomeric carbohydrates found in hemicellulose. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the yeast ...

100

Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive Making Algal Biofuel Production More Efficient, Less Expensive January 10, 2014 - 1:08pm Addthis Researchers at the Energy Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed an innovative process that turns algae into bio-crude in less than 60 minutes. Watch the video above to see how the process works. | Video courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Colleen Ruddick Senior Technical Research Analyst Neil Rossmeissl General Engineer Daniel B. Fishman Technology Manager MORE RESOURCES Learn more about the Energy Department's Algae Program Attend the upcoming Algal Biofuels Strategy Workshop this spring Watch Sapphire Energy's Green Crude oil production process, which produces green crude oil from algae biomass that is cultivated and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Breaking Down Enzymes' Role in Biofuel Production | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Breaking Down Enzymes' Role in Biofuel Production Breaking Down Enzymes' Role in Biofuel Production Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) News & Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: sc.ber@science.doe.gov More Information » February 2013 Breaking Down Enzymes' Role in Biofuel Production Molecular structures provide insights into biomass deconstruction. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo

102

EcoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative (ecoABC) (Canada)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

provides repayable contributions for the construction or expansion of transportation biofuel production facilities. Funding is conditional upon agricultural producer investment...

103

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels Single, Key Gene Discovery Could Streamline Production of Biofuels August 11, 2011 - 3:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- A team of researchers at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) have pinpointed the exact, single gene that controls ethanol production capacity in a microorganism. This discovery could be the missing link in developing biomass crops that produce higher concentrations of ethanol at lower costs. "The Department of Energy relies on the scientific discoveries of its labs and research centers to improve the production of clean energy sources," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu. "This discovery is an important step in developing biomass crops that could increase yield of

104

Patriot BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Little Rock, Arkansas Zip 72201 Product Arkansas-based biodiesel company with production facilities at Stuttgart, Arkansas. References Patriot BioFuels1 LinkedIn...

105

Techno-Economic Analysis of Biofuels Production Based on Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Production Based on Biofuels Production Based on Gasification Ryan M. Swanson, Justinus A. Satrio, and Robert C. Brown Iowa State University Alexandru Platon ConocoPhillips Company David D. Hsu National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-46587 November 2010 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Techno-Economic Analysis of Biofuels Production Based on Gasification Ryan M. Swanson, Justinus A. Satrio, and Robert C. Brown Iowa State University Alexandru Platon

106

Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

49; 49; NO. OF PAGES 7 Please cite this article in press as: Zhang Y-H P., et al. Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2010), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2010.05.005 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Biofuel production by in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway biotransformation Y-H Percival Zhang 1,2,3 , Jibin Sun 4 and Jian-Jiang Zhong 5 Cell-free synthetic pathway biotransformation (SyPaB) is the implementation of complicated biochemical reactions by in vitro assembling a number of enzymes or their complexes and coenzymes. Assembly of numerous enzymes without cellular membrane, gene regulation, or undesired pathway can circumvent some of the obstacles to modifying living microorganisms. Several synthetic pathways for the production of liquid biofuels - alcohols and hydrocarbon precursors (polyols)

107

THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION ON AGRICULTURAL LAND USE AND BIOMASS PRODUCTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project examines the influence that climate change and biofuel production could have on agricultural land use decisions in Pennsylvania. The first chapter develops a (more)

Yenerall, Jacqueline

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it as chemical energy. This presents a route for renewable and carbon-neutral fuel production. However, currentSecond Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production Peer M. Schenk that are not only renewable, but also capable of sequestering atmospheric CO2. Currently, nearly all renewable

Kudela, Raphael M.

109

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tolife.org/biofuels. [US EPA] US Environmental Protection19. The path forward for biofuels and biomaterials. Scienceof individual assessment of biofuels. EMPA, Technology and

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Partnering with Industry to Advance Biofuels and Bioproducts (Fact Sheet), Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Partnering with Industry to Advance Biofuels and Bioproducts Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility The IBRF can handle high concentrations of solids in the pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis steps, a key factor in reducing costs. Bioreactors from 10 L to 9000 L and separation and concentration equipment are housed in the IBRF allowing for biomass conversion processes to be fully integrated. Access to Experts While using the IBRF, industry partners have access to NREL's world-renowned experts, process equipment, and systems that can be used to develop and evaluate commercial processes for the production of biobased products and fuels. In addition, partners have access to NREL's state-of-the-art molecular

111

Methods for the economical production of biofuel from biomass  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for producing a biofuel are provided. Also provided are biocatalysts that convert a feedstock to a biofuel.

Hawkins, Andrew C; Glassner, David A; Buelter, Thomas; Wade, James; Meinhold, Peter; Peters, Matthew W; Gruber, Patrick R; Evanko, William A; Aristidou, Aristos A; Landwehr, Marco

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis Joshua to encourage biofuel production. Recent demands for reduced federal spending have increased scrutiny are employed in the US to encourage biofuel production and consumption. The Energy Independence and Security

113

Computer simulations suggest a new strategy to design enhanced enzymes for biofuels production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer simulations suggest a new strategy to design enhanced enzymes for biofuels production in the production of biofuels. Glycosylation is the covalent attachment of carbohydrate molecules to protein side to designing enhanced enzymes for biofuels production. More generally, this work suggests that tuning

114

Potential Direct and Indirect Effects of Global Cellulosic Biofuel Production on Greenhouse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential Direct and Indirect Effects of Global Cellulosic Biofuel Production on Greenhouse Gas on recycled paper #12;1 Potential Direct and Indirect Effects of Global Cellulosic Biofuel Production. Melillo*, John M. Reilly§ , and Sergey Paltsev§ Abstract The production of cellulosic biofuels may have

115

Novel mutants optimised for lignin, growth, and biofuel production via re-mutagenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel mutants optimised for lignin, growth, and biofuel production via re-mutagenesis Investigators cell wall properties for more efficient biofuel production. Two approaches are being used towards will be good candidates for manipulation in crops used in biofuel production. Background Although

Nur, Amos

116

Northeast Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeast Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Northeast Biofuels Place United Kingdom Sector Biofuels Product Northeast biofuels is a cluster of companies and organisations...

117

Rusni Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rusni Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Rusni Biofuels Place Andhra Pradesh, India Sector Biofuels Product Rusni Biofuels India (P) Ltd.,we are specialized in sales of...

118

Border Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Border Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Border Biofuels Place Melrose, United Kingdom Zip TD6 OSG Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels business which went into administration...

119

Tappable Pine Trees: Commercial Production of Terpene Biofuels in Pine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The University of Florida is working to increase the amount of turpentine in harvested pine from 4% to 20% of its dry weight. While enhanced feedstocks for biofuels have generally focused on fuel production from leafy plants and grasses, the University of Florida is experimenting with enhancing fuel production in a species of pine that is currently used in the paper pulping industry. Pine trees naturally produce around 3-5% terpene content in the woodterpenes are the energy-dense fuel molecules that are the predominant components of turpentine. The team aims to increase the terpene storage potential and production capacity while improving the terpene composition to a point at which the trees could be tapped while alive, like sugar maples. Growth and production from these trees will take years, but this pioneering technology could have significant impact in making available an economical and domestic source of aviation and diesel biofuels.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Turning Bacteria into Biofuel: Development of an Integrated Microbial Electrocatalytic (MEC) System for Liquid Biofuel Production from CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrofuels Project: LBNL is improving the natural ability of a common soil bacteria called Ralstonia eutropha to use hydrogen and carbon dioxide for biofuel production. First, LBNL is genetically modifying the bacteria to produce biofuel at higher concentrations. Then, LBNL is using renewable electricity obtained from solar, wind, or wave power to produce high amounts of hydrogen in the presence of the bacteriaincreasing the organisms access to its energy source and improving the efficiency of the biofuel-creation process. Finally, LBNL is tethering electrocatalysts to the bacterias surface which will further accelerate the rate at which the organism creates biofuel. LBNL is also developing a chemical method to transform the biofuel that the bacteria produce into ready-to-use jet fuel.

None

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

PUBLISHED ONLINE: XX MONTH XXXX | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1370 Constructed wetlands as biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: XX MONTH XXXX | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1370 Constructed wetlands as biofuel , Hui Xue1,4 , Changhui Peng5,6 and Jianguo Wu7,8 Clean biofuel production is an effective way (GHG) emissions and3 nitrogen fertilizer consumption through biofuel production2­4 .4 Here we advocate

Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

122

Single Cell Oils: Microbial and Algal Oils, 2nd EditionChapter 14 Production of Lipids for Biofuels Using Bacteria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single Cell Oils: Microbial and Algal Oils, 2nd Edition Chapter 14 Production of Lipids for Biofuels Using Bacteria Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press Downloadable pdf of

123

Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How biotech can transform biofuels. Nat Biotechnol 26(2):J Somerville C. 2007. Biofuels. Curr Biol 17(4):R1159.biomass characteristics for biofuels. Curr Opin Biotechnol

Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Biofuels: Review of Policies and Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards for biofuel production make little economic sense.to biofuels. While the biofuel production and consumptionand further increases in biofuel production are driven pri-

Janda, Karel; Kristoufek, Ladislav; Zilberman, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1704e/i1704e.pdf References: Algae-Based Biofuels [1] Logo: Algae-Based Biofuels: Applications and Co-Products This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "Algae-Based Biofuels" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Algae-Based_Biofuels:_Applications_and_Co-Products&oldid=328382" Categories:

126

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuel Loan Program Biofuel Loan Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuel Loan Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuel Loan Program The Biofuels Partnership in Assisting Community Expansion (PACE) Loan Program provides an interest buy down of up to 5% below the note rate to biodiesel, ethanol, or green diesel production facilities; livestock

127

at Western University From the production of biofuels, fuel cells and alternative forms of energy,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-native pathways for the synthesis of long- chain alcohols has been identified as a promising route to biofuels. We describe computationally derived predictions for assembling pathways for the production of biofuel of our knowledge has not been explored before. Keywords: Biofuels · Butanol · Metabolic engineering

Ma, Bin

128

BIOFUELS 3D Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BIOFUEL Database. NIST Home. BIOFUEL 3-D Structures ( Help / Contact / Rate Our Product and Services / NIST privacy policy ). Search: ...

129

Microalgal Triacylglycerols as Feedstocks for Biofuel Production: Perspectives and Advances  

SciTech Connect

Microalgae represent an exceptionally diverse but highly specialized group of micro-organisms adapted to various ecological habitats. Many microalgae have the ability to produce substantial amounts (e.g. 20-50% dry cell weight) of triacylglycerols (TAG) as a storage lipid under photo-oxidative stress or other adverse environmental conditions. Fatty acids, the building blocks for TAGs and all other cellular lipids, are synthesized in the chloroplast using a single set of enzymes, of which acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACCase) is key in regulating fatty acid synthesis rates. However, the expression of genes involved in fatty acid synthesis is poorly understood in microalgae. Synthesis and sequestration of TAG into cytosolic lipid bodies appear to be a protective mechanism by which algal cells cope with stress conditions, but little is known about regulation of TAG formation at the molecular and cellular level. While the concept of using microalgae as an alternative and renewable source of lipid-rich biomass feedstock for biofuels has been explored over the past few decades, a scalable, commercially viable system has yet to emerge. Today, the production of algal oil is primarily confined to high-value specialty oils with nutritional value, rather than commodity oils for biofuel. This review provides a brief summary of the current knowledge on oleaginous algae and their fatty acid and TAG biosynthesis, algal model systems and genomic approaches to a better understanding of TAG production, and a historical perspective and path forward for microalgae-based biofuel research and commercialization.

Hu, Q.; Sommerfeld, M.; Jarvis, E.; Ghirardi, M.; Posewitz, M; Seibert, M.; Darzins, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

National Microalgae Biofuel Production Potential and Resource Demand  

SciTech Connect

Microalgae continue to receive global attention as a potential sustainable "energy crop" for biofuel production. An important step to realizing the potential of algae is quantifying the demands commercial-scale algal biofuel production will place on water and land resources. We present a high-resolution national resource and oil production assessment that brings to bear fundamental research questions of where open pond microalgae production can occur, how much land and water resource is required, and how much energy is produced. Our study suggests under current technology microalgae have the potential to generate 220 billion liters/year of oil, equivalent to 48% of current U.S. petroleum imports for transportation fuels. However, this level of production would require 5.5% of the land area in the conterminous U.S., and nearly three times the volume of water currently used for irrigated agriculture, averaging 1,421 L water per L of oil. Optimizing the selection of locations for microalgae production based on water use efficiency can greatly reduce total water demand. For example, focusing on locations along the Gulf Coast, Southeastern Seaboard, and areas adjacent to the Great Lakes, shows a 75% reduction in water demand to 350 L per L of oil produced with a 67% reduction in land use. These optimized locations have the potential to generate an oil volume equivalent to 17% of imports for transportation fuels, equal to the Energy Independence and Security Act year 2022 "advanced biofuels" production target, and utilizing some 25% of the current irrigation consumptive water demand for the U. S. These results suggest that, with proper planning, adequate land and water are available to meet a significant portion of the U.S. renewable fuel goals.

Wigmosta, Mark S.; Coleman, Andre M.; Skaggs, Richard; Huesemann, Michael H.; Lane, Leonard J.

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

131

USDA Biofuels Strategic Production Report June 23, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The strategy targets barriers to the development of a successful biofuels market that will achieve, or surpass meeting greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, then the total volume of biofuels from approved of the resources needed to produce the biofuels to reach the RFS2 target of 36 bg of renewable biofuels per year

132

Biofuels and their ByProducts: Global Economic and Environmental Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biofuel industry has been rapidly growing around the world in recent years. Several papers have used general equilibrium models and addressed the economy-wide and environmental consequences of producing biofuels at a large scale. They mainly argue that since biofuels are mostly produced from agricultural sources, their effects are largely felt in agricultural markets with major land use and environmental consequences. In this paper, we argue that virtually all of these studies have overstated the impact of liquid biofuels on agricultural markets due to the fact that they have ignored the role of by-products resulting from the production of biofuels. Feed by-products of the biofuel industry, such as Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles (DDGS) and biodiesel by-products (BDBP) such as soy and rapeseed meals, can be used in the livestock industry as substitutes for grains and oilseed meals used in this industry. Hence, their presence mitigates the price impacts of biofuel production on the livestock and food industries. The importance of incorporating by-products of biofuel production in economic models is well recognized by some partial equilibrium analyses of biofuel production. However, to date, this issue has not been tackled by those conducting CGE analysis of biofuels programs. Accordingly,

Farzad Taheripour; Thomas W. Hertel; Wallace E. Tyner; Jayson F. Beckman; Dileep K. Birur; Farzad Taheripour

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

BioFuel Energy Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name BioFuel Energy Corp Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80202 Product Develops, owns and operates ethanol facilities. References BioFuel Energy...

134

PowerSHIFT Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PowerSHIFT Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name PowerSHIFT Biofuels LLC Place Wyoming Product Focused on biodiesel plants and power generation facilities in the US....

135

Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility: Advancing Biofuels Technology (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) expands NREL's cellulosic ethanol research and development and collaboration capabilities.

Not Available

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

PETRO: Higher Productivity Crops for Biofuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PETRO Project: The 10 projects that comprise ARPA-Es PETRO Project, short for Plants Engineered to Replace Oil, aim to develop non-food crops that directly produce transportation fuel. These crops can help supply the transportation sector with agriculturally derived fuels that are cost-competitive with petroleum and do not affect U.S. food supply. PETRO aims to redirect the processes for energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in plants toward fuel production. This would create dedicated energy crops that serve as a domestic alternative to petroleum-based fuels and deliver more energy per acre with less processing prior to the pump.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

How sustainable biofuel business really is? : Today's issues on biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Demand for biofuels has skyrocketed during the recent years. While high price of oil might have been the main driver for this phenomenon, the risen (more)

Kollanus, Iris-Maria

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cells use feedback to implement a diverse range of regulatory functions. Building synthetic feedback control systems may yield insight into the roles that feedback can play in regulation since it can be introduced independently of native regulation, and alternative control architectures can be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used to increase cell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be engineered to produce biofuels, the fuels are often toxic to cell growth, creating a negative feedback loop that limits biofuel production. These toxic effects may be mitigated by expressing efflux pumps that export biofuel from the cell. We developed a model for cell growth and biofuel production and used it to compare several genetic control strategies for their ability to improve biofuel yields. We show that controlling efflux pump expression directly with a biofuel-responsive promoter is a straight forward way of improving biofuel production. In addition, a feed forward loop controller is shown to be versatile at dealing with uncertainty in biofuel production rates.

Dunlop, Mary; Keasling, Jay; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

139

An Integrative Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Productivity and Sustainability of Biofuel Crop Production Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially-explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: 1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, 2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and 3) an evolutionary multi-objective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a 9-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to 1) simulate biofuel crop production, 2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and 3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; West, T. O.; Post, W. M.; Thomson, Allison M.; Bandaru, V. P.; Nichols, J.; Williams, J.R.

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

140

An integrative modeling framework to evaluate the productivity and sustainability of biofuel crop production systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: (1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, (2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and (3) an evolutionary multiobjective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a nine-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to (1) simulate biofuel crop production, (2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and (3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

Zhang, X [University of Maryland; Izaurralde, R. C. [University of Maryland; Manowitz, D. [University of Maryland; West, T. O. [University of Maryland; Thomson, A. M. [University of Maryland; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL; Nichols, Jeff [ORNL; Williams, J. [AgriLIFE, Temple, TX

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Production cost and supply chain design for advanced biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The U.S. government encourages the development of biofuel industry through policy and financial support since 1978. Though first generation biofuels (mainly bio-based ethanol) expand rapidly (more)

Li, Yihua

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Northwest Missouri Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Missouri Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwest Missouri Biofuels, LLC Place St Joseph, Missouri Sector Biofuels Product Northwest Missouri Biofuels...

143

Blackhawk Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blackhawk Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Blackhawk Biofuels, LLC Place Freeport, Illinois Zip 61032 Sector Biofuels Product Blackhawk Biofuels was founded by a local...

144

Tees Valley Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tees Valley Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Tees Valley Biofuels Place United Kingdom Sector Biofuels Product Company set up by North East Biofuels to establish an...

145

Biofuels Power Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Power Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuels Power Corp Place The Woodlands, Texas Zip 77380 Sector Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product Biofuels Power Corp produces...

146

Mid America Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mid America Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid-America Biofuels LLC Place Jefferson City, Missouri Zip 65102 Sector Biofuels Product Joint Venture of Biofuels LLC,...

147

Empire Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empire Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Empire Biofuels LLC Place New York, New York Zip 13148 Sector Biofuels Product Empire Biofuels LLC (Empire) was founded in...

148

Blue Ridge Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blue Ridge Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Blue Ridge Biofuels LLC Place Asheville, North Carolina Zip 28801 Sector Biofuels Product Blue Ridge Biofuels is a worker...

149

US Canadian Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canadian Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name US Canadian Biofuels Inc. Place Green Bay, Wisconsin Zip 54313 Sector Biofuels Product US Canadian Biofuels Inc is the wholly...

150

Algenol Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Algenol Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Algenol Biofuels Place Bonita Springs, Florida Zip 34135 Sector Biofuels, Carbon Product Algenol is developing a process for the...

151

Shirke Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shirke Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Shirke Biofuels Place India Product Indian biodiesel producer. References Shirke Biofuels1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

152

United Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name United Biofuels Place York, Pennsylvania Product Waste and animal fats to biofuel producer, switched to animal fats from soy in...

153

Miscanthus: a fastgrowing crop for biofuels and chemicals production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Correspondence to: Nicolas Brosse, Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche sur le MAteriau Bois, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université de Lorraine, Bld des Aiguillettes, F-54500 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France. E-mail: Nicolas.Brosse@lermab.uhp-nancy.fr © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 1 Miscanthus: a fast- growing crop for biofuels and chemicals production Nicolas Brosse, Université de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France Anthony Dufour, CNRS, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France Xianzhi Meng, Qining Sun, and Arthur Ragauskas, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA Received February 9, 2012; revised April 17, 2012; accepted April 18, 2012 View online at Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com); DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1353;

154

Lipid Extraction from Wet-Algae for Biofuel Production  

There is a growing interest in algal biofuels; however, current methods of a thermal separation process for solvent mixtures involve concomitant ...

155

Biofuels in South Africa : factors influencing production and consumption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Interest in the biofuels industry in South Africa is driven largely by high oil prices and a strain on energy resources and logistics. This (more)

Chambers, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Use of tamarisk as a potential feedstock for biofuel production.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study assesses the energy and water use of saltcedar (or tamarisk) as biomass for biofuel production in a hypothetical sub-region in New Mexico. The baseline scenario consists of a rural stretch of the Middle Rio Grande River with 25% coverage of mature saltcedar that is removed and converted to biofuels. A manufacturing system life cycle consisting of harvesting, transportation, pyrolysis, and purification is constructed for calculating energy and water balances. On a dry short ton woody biomass basis, the total energy input is approximately 8.21 mmBTU/st. There is potential for 18.82 mmBTU/st of energy output from the baseline system. Of the extractable energy, approximately 61.1% consists of bio-oil, 20.3% bio-char, and 18.6% biogas. Water consumptive use by removal of tamarisk will not impact the existing rate of evapotranspiration. However, approximately 195 gal of water is needed per short ton of woody biomass for the conversion of biomass to biocrude, three-quarters of which is cooling water that can be recovered and recycled. The impact of salt presence is briefly assessed. Not accounted for in the baseline are high concentrations of Calcium, Sodium, and Sulfur ions in saltcedar woody biomass that can potentially shift the relative quantities of bio-char and bio-oil. This can be alleviated by a pre-wash step prior to the conversion step. More study is needed to account for the impact of salt presence on the overall energy and water balance.

Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Norman, Kirsten

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

SciTech Connect

The ability to generate microorganisms that can produce biofuels similar to petroleum-based transportation fuels would allow the use of existing engines and infrastructure and would save an enormous amount of capital required for replacing the current infrastructure to accommodate biofuels that have properties significantly different from petroleum-based fuels. Several groups have demonstrated the feasibility of manipulating microbes to produce molecules similar to petroleum-derived products, albeit at relatively low productivity (e.g. maximum butanol production is around 20 g/L). For cost-effective production of biofuels, the fuel-producing hosts and pathways must be engineered and optimized. Advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology will provide new tools for metabolic engineers to better understand how to rewire the cell in order to create the desired phenotypes for the production of economically viable biofuels.

Kuk Lee, Sung; Chou, Howard; Ham, Timothy S.; Soon Lee, Taek; Keasling, Jay D.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy Basics: Biofuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Biofuel Conversion Processes Biopower Bio-Based Products Biomass Resources Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Biofuels Photo of a woman in goggles handling a...

159

OpenEI - Biofuels  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm350 en Biofuels Consumption and Production by Country (2000 - 2010) http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode875

Total annual biofuels...

160

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

West Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name West Biofuels Place California Sector Biofuels Product West Biofuels LLC is a 2007 start-up company based in California with funding...

162

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbialtechnologies that enable biofuel production. Decades of workstrategy for producing biofuel. Although ethanol currently

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a greater focus on specific biofuel production technologies.differences for certain biofuel feedstocks as well as policy24 Biofuel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a greater focus on specific biofuel production technologies.differences for certain biofuel feedstocks as well as policy24 Biofuel

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Biofuels from Corn Stover: Pyrolytic Production and Catalytic Upgrading Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to security issues in energy supply and environmental concerns, renewable energy production from biomass becomes an increasingly important area of study. Thus, thermal conversion of biomass via pyrolysis and subsequent upgrading procedures were explored, in an attempt to convert an abundant agricultural residue, corn stover, into potential bio-fuels. Pyrolysis of corn stover was carried out at 400, 500 and 600oC and at moderate pressure. Maximum bio-char yield of 37.3 wt.% and liquid product yield of 31.4 wt.% were obtained at 400oC while the gas yield was maximum at 600oC (21.2 wt.%). Bio-char characteristics (energy content, proximate and ultimate analyses) indicated its potential as alternative solid fuel. The bio-oil mainly consisted of phenolic compounds, with significant proportions of aromatic and aliphatic compounds. The gas product has energy content ranging from 10.1 to 21.7 MJ m-3, attributed to significant quantities of methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Mass and energy conversion efficiencies indicated that majority of the mass and energy contained in the feedstock was transferred to the bio-char. Fractional distillation of the bio-oil at atmospheric and reduced pressure yielded approximately 40-45 wt.% heavy distillate (180-250oC) with significantly reduced moisture and total acid number (TAN) and greater energy content. Aromatic compounds and oxygenated compounds were distributed in the light and middle fractions while phenolic compounds were concentrated in the heavy fraction. Finally, hydrotreatment of the bio-oil and the heavy distillate using noble metal catalysts such as ruthenium and palladium on carbon support at 100 bar pressure, 4 hours reaction time and 200o or 300oC showed that ruthenium performed better at the higher temperature (300oC) and was more effective than palladium, giving about 25-26% deoxygenation. The hydrotreated product from the heavy distillate with ruthenium as catalyst at 300oC had the lowest oxygen content and exhibited better product properties (lower moisture, TAN, and highest heating value), and can be a potential feedstock for co-processing with crude oils in existing refineries. Major reactions involved were conversion of phenolics to aromatics and hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols. Results showed that pyrolysis of corn stover and product upgrading produced potentially valuable sources of fuel and chemical feedstock.

Capunitan, Jewel Alviar

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Natural Oil Production from Microorganisms: Bioprocess and Microbe Engineering for Total Carbon Utilization in Biofuel Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrofuels Project: MIT is using carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen generated from electricity to produce natural oils that can be upgraded to hydrocarbon fuels. MIT has designed a 2-stage biofuel production system. In the first stage, hydrogen and CO2 are fed to a microorganism capable of converting these feedstocks to a 2-carbon compound called acetate. In the second stage, acetate is delivered to a different microorganism that can use the acetate to grow and produce oil. The oil can be removed from the reactor tank and chemically converted to various hydrocarbons. The electricity for the process could be supplied from novel means currently in development, or more proven methods such as the combustion of municipal waste, which would also generate the required CO2 and enhance the overall efficiency of MITs biofuel-production system.

None

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term Supply Potential of Domestic Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sizable increases in biofuel production need not result ina reasonable level of biofuel production that avoids pushing26 Appendix A - Biofuel Production

Jones, Andrew; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

[FeFe]-Hydrogenase-Catalyzed H2 Production in a Photoelectrochemical Biofuel Cell  

SciTech Connect

The Clostridium acetobutylicum [FeFe]-hydrogenase HydA has been investigated as a hydrogen production catalyst in a photoelectrochemical biofuel cell. Hydrogenase was adsorbed to pyrolytic graphite edge and carbon felt electrodes. Cyclic voltammograms of the immobilized hydrogenase films reveal cathodic proton reduction and anodic hydrogen oxidation, with a catalytic bias toward hydrogen evolution. When corrected for the electrochemically active surface area, the cathodic current densities are similar for both carbon electrodes, and 40% of those obtained with a platinum electrode. The high surface area carbon felt/hydrogenase electrode was subsequently used as the cathode in a photoelectrochemical biofuel cell. Under illumination, this device is able to oxidize a biofuel substrate and reduce protons to hydrogen. Similar photocurrents and hydrogen production rates were observed in the photoelectrochemical biofuel cell using either hydrogenase or platinum cathodes.

Hambourger, M.; Gervaldo, M.; Svedruzic, D.; King, P. W.; Gust, D.; Ghirardi, M.; Moore, A. L.; Moore, T. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

World Biofuels Production Potential Understanding the Challenges to Meeting the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates the worldwide potential to produce biofuels including biofuels for export. It was undertaken to improve our understanding of the potential for imported biofuels to satisfy the requirements of Title II of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) in the coming decades. Many other countries biofuels production and policies are expanding as rapidly as ours. Therefore, we modeled a detailed and up-to-date representation of the amount of biofuel feedstocks that are being and can be grown, current and future biofuels production capacity, and other factors relevant to the economic competitiveness of worldwide biofuels production, use, and trade. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and prepared feedstock data for countries that were likely to be significant exporters of biofuels to the U.S. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) calculated conversion costs by conducting material flow analyses and technology assessments on biofuels technologies. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) integrated the country specific feedstock estimates and conversion costs into the global Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) MARKAL (MARKet ALlocation) model. The model uses least-cost optimization to project the future state of the global energy system in five year increments. World biofuels production was assessed over the 2010 to 2030 timeframe using scenarios covering a range U.S. policies (tax credits, tariffs, and regulations), as well as oil prices, feedstock availability, and a global CO{sub 2} price. All scenarios include the full implementation of existing U.S. and selected other countries biofuels policies (Table 4). For the U.S., the most important policy is the EISA Title II Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). It progressively increases the required volumes of renewable fuel used in motor vehicles (Appendix B). The RFS requires 36 billion (B) gallons (gal) per year of renewable fuels by 2022. Within the mandate, amounts of advanced biofuels, including biomass-based diesel and cellulosic biofuels, are required beginning in 2009. Imported renewable fuels are also eligible for the RFS. Another key U.S. policy is the $1.01 per gal tax credit for producers of cellulosic biofuels enacted as part of the 2008 Farm Bill. This credit, along with the DOE's research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programs, are assumed to enable the rapid expansion of U.S. and global cellulosic biofuels production needed for the U.S. to approach the 2022 RFS goal. While the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has yet to issue RFS rules to determine which fuels would meet the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and land use restrictions specified in EISA, we assume that cellulosic ethanol, biomass-to-liquid fuels (BTL), sugar-derived ethanol, and fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel would all meet the EISA advanced biofuel requirements. We also assume that enough U.S. corn ethanol would meet EISA's biofuel requirements or otherwise be grandfathered under EISA to reach 15 B gal per year.

Sastri, B.; Lee, A.

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Economic Policy and Resource Implications of Biofuel Feedstock Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dramatically higher fuel prices and massive petroleum imports from politically unstable countries have contributed to a major national initiative to generate renewable fuels in the United States. Often, such policies are enacted and implemented with huge taxpayer expenditures without due diligence to the consequences. The evaluation of the water quality impacts of converting pastureland to intensive biomass production for fuel in a southern Texas watershed suggest significant increases erosion and nutrient loadings to water bodies. The Best Management Practices (BMPs), cover crop and filter strips when implemented individually failed to produce status-quo reduction levels. Combined BMPs implementation produced improved mitigation, at substantially higher costs, highlighting the issue of sustainability related to the economics of renewable fuels. The estimation of the net energy of biomass ethanol accounting for the production input data indicate a greater than one energy return for biomass crops. However, the policy results indicate that only 70 percent in net contribution to the energy supply is achieved due to relatively lower energy returns compared to conventional fossil fuels. In addition, because the ethanol produced has to have the energy used deleted from the total, the cost of producing a gallon of biomass ethanol is substantially higher than that of gasoline. The impacts of an exogenously-specified biofuel mandate fulfilled by the production of a dedicated biomass crop and its consequent effects on commodity prices and overall welfare are estimated. Net farm income increased due to an increase in crop prices; however, both consumer surplus and total surplus decreased. The analysis is extended to estimate the sensitivity of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) acres returning to crop production and the potential of higher biomass yields. The results indicate that net farm income decreased and consumer surplus increased due to a decrease in crop prices, resulting in an increase in overall welfare. This current research evaluates the unintended consequences of the U.S. energy policy and provides interesting insights of the potential economic and environmental impacts. These results suggest policy makers should be cautious before enacting energy policy and consider multiple alternative energy sources in an economic and financial context to achieve a sustainable energy goal.

Adusumilli, Naveen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

LC Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LC Biofuels LC Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name LC Biofuels Place Richmond, California Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels producer that owns and operatres a 1.3m facility in Richmond, California. Coordinates 37.5407°, -77.433654° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.5407,"lon":-77.433654,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

Ethanol Production Facility in Decatur,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Production Facility in Decatur, Illinois. A processing plant Production Facility in Decatur, Illinois. A processing plant built for this project removes water from the CO 2 stream and then compresses the dry CO 2 to a supercritical phase. The compressed CO 2 then travels through a 1 mile-long pipeline to the wellhead where it is injected into the Mt. Simon Sandstone at a depth of about 7,000 feet. November 21, 2011, http://www.netl.doe.gov/publications/

173

Biofuels from Pyrolysis: Catalytic Biocrude Production in a Novel, Short-Contact Time Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: RTI is developing a new pyrolysis process to convert second-generation biomass into biofuels in one simple step. Pyrolysis is the decomposition of substances by heatingthe same process used to render wood into charcoal, caramelize sugar, and dry roast coffee and beans. RTIs catalytic biomass pyrolysis differs from conventional flash pyrolysis in that its end product contains less oxygen, metals, and nitrogenall of which contribute to corrosion, instability, and inefficiency in the fuel-production process. This technology is expected to easily integrate into the existing domestic petroleum refining infrastructure, making it an economically attractive option for biofuels production.

None

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

US Biofuels Inc USB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Biofuels Inc USB Jump to: navigation, search Name US Biofuels, Inc (USB) Place Delaware Sector Biofuels Product A Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of...

175

Greenergy Biofuels Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenergy Biofuels Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenergy Biofuels Limited Place London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip WC1V 7BD Sector Biofuels Product Imports,...

176

Amereco Biofuels Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Amereco Biofuels Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Amereco Biofuels Corp Place Phoenix, Arizona Zip 85028 Sector Biofuels Product Amereco pursues technologies that...

177

Aaditya Biofuels Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aaditya Biofuels Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Aaditya Biofuels Ltd. Place Gujarat, India Product Gujarat-based biodiesel producer. References Aaditya Biofuels Ltd.1...

178

future science group 9ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.11.151 2012 Future Science Ltd Synthetic biology approaches to biofuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches to biofuel production Editorial Biofuels (2012) 3(1), 9­12 "...it is important for synthetic there is a tendency, par- ticularly in the algae biofuel space, to prioritize high yields without sufficient regard large enough volumes of biofuels at a low enough cost to make this significant leap in the national

179

UNSUSTAINABLE PROPOSAL: THE PRODUCTION OF RAW MATERIALS FOR FUTURE BIOFUEL PROCESSING PLANTS IN ENTRE ROS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of international bodies, academic institutions and well-known civil society organisation are currently debating and consulting on the sustainable production of energy commodities. Discussions on the establishment of standards, sustainability criteria and certification will give the production of raw materials for biofuels an air of acceptability. But the discussions have ignored all the existing

Stella Semino; Lilian Joensen; Els Wijnstra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

potential for great impact. Biofuels are a promising form ofbe engineered to produce biofuels, the fuels are often toxicKeywords Feedback control Biofuels Biological control

Dunlop, Mary J.; Keasling, Jay D.; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

available as potential biofuel candidates and productionfuels and alternative biofuel molecules An understanding ofto consider when designing biofuel candidates ( Table 1).

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies that enable biofuel production. Decades of workefficient systems for biofuel production. The current rangeprimary challenge in biofuel production is achieving yields

Fortman, J.L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Transportation Biofuels in the USA Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focus on specific biofuel production technologies. The nextinterested in. If the biofuel production technology itselffor existing and new biofuel production technologies. Their

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

agriculture and in biofuel production that improve feedstockagricultural or biofuel production, requires a tax paymentemissions from biofuel production increases. Therefore, the

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Engineering microbial biofuel tolerance and export using efflux pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pumps. Furthermore, for biofuel production from renewablecontinue to increase biofuel production titers, it will befor improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic

Dunlop, Mary

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and estimate that biofuel production in 2007 increased fuelcompetitive. About 50% of biofuel production costs come fromelasticity is above 8.5, biofuel production meets the RFS2

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Energy and Greenhouse Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid rise in biofuel production is driven by governmentprices. Globally, biofuel production is dominated bysoybeans) and current biofuel production processes are many

Kammen, Daniel M.; Farrell, Alexander E.; Plevin, Richard J.; Jones, Andrew D.; Nemet, Gregory F.; Delucchi, Mark A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Genetic and biotechnological approaches for biofuel crop improvement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering for biofuel production: towards affordablebiomass feedstocks for biofuel production. Genome Biol 2008,sugar yields for biofuel production. Nat Biotechnol 2007,

Vega-Snchez, Miguel E; Ronald, Pamela C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technologies that enable biofuel production. Decades of workefficient systems for biofuel production. The current rangeprimary challenge in biofuel production is achieving yields

Fortman, J. L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Model estimates food-versus-biofuel trade-off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associ- ated with biofuel production and model the effectspolicymakers blame biofuel production mandates for the foodfood crisis struck as biofuel production, driven largely by

Rajagapol, Deepak; Sexton, Steven; Hochman, Gal; Roland-Holst, David; Zilberman, David D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Transportation Biofuels in the US A Preliminary Innovation Systems Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focus on specific biofuel production technologies. The nextinterested in. If the biofuel production technology itselffor existing and new biofuel production technologies. Their

Eggert, Anthony

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Energy Basics: Biofuel Conversion Processes  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Biofuel Conversion Processes Biopower Bio-Based Products Biomass Resources Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Biofuel Conversion Processes The conversion of...

193

US Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon US Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name US Biofuels Place Rome, Georgia Product Biodiesel...

194

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figures Figure 1: General Biofuel Pathway With Inputs andcase studies of specific biofuel production pathways using aenvironmental impacts of biofuel production and use are not

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Sequencing of Multiple Clostridial Genomes Related to Biomass Conversion and Biofuel Production  

SciTech Connect

Modern methods to develop microbe-based biomass conversion processes require a system-level understanding of the microbes involved. Clostridium species have long been recognized as ideal candidates for processes involving biomass conversion and production of various biofuels and other industrial products. To expand the knowledge base for clostridial species relevant to current biofuel production efforts, we have sequenced the genomes of 20 species spanning multiple genera. The majority of species sequenced fall within the class III cellulosome-encoding Clostridium and the class V saccharolytic Thermoanaerobacteraceae. Species were chosen based on representation in the experimental literature as model organisms, ability to degrade cellulosic biomass either by free enzymes or by cellulosomes, ability to rapidly ferment hexose and pentose sugars to ethanol, and ability to ferment synthesis gas to ethanol. The sequenced strains significantly increase the number of noncommensal/nonpathogenic clostridial species and provide a key foundation for future studies of biomass conversion, cellulosome composition, and clostridial systems biology.

Hemme, Christopher [University of Oklahoma; Mouttaki, Housna [University of Oklahoma; Lee, Yong-Jin [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mikhailova, Natalia [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; He, Zhili [University of Oklahoma; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Van Nostrand, Joy [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Henrissat, Bernard [Universite d' Aix-Marseille I & II; HE, Qiang [ORNL; Lawson, Paul A. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Tanner, Ralph S. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Lynd, Lee R [Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth; Wiegel, Juergen [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Fields, Dr. Matthew Wayne [Montana State University; Arkin, Adam [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Stevenson, Bradley S. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; McInerney, Michael J. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Yang, Yunfeng [ORNL; Dong, Hailiang [Miami University, Oxford, OH; Xing, Defeng [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Ren, Nanqi [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Wang, Aijie [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology; Ding, Shi-You [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Himmel, Michael E [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Taghavi, Safiyh [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)/U.S. Department of Energy; Van Der Lelie, Daniel [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Rubin, Edward M. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

New Neutrinos Algal Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Neutrinos Algal Biofuels Charged-Particle Vision Primordial Soup LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE biofuels to run our cars, but if it costs $10 per gallon and requires petroleum products for production seven billion people, the nation seeks a competitive alternative to crude oil. Biofuel is a popular

197

Interactions of woody biofuel feedstock production systems with water resources: Considerations for sustainability.  

SciTech Connect

Abstract. Water resources are important for the production of woody biofuel feedstocks. It is necessary to ensure that production systems do not adversely affect the quantity or quality of surface and ground water. The effects of woody biomass plantations on water resources are largely dependent on the prior land use and the management regime. Experience from both irrigated and non-irrigated systems has demonstrated that woody biofuel production systems do not impair water quality. Water quality actually improves from conversion of idle or degraded agricultural lands to woody biomass plantations. Site water balance may be altered by cultivation of woody biomass plantations relative to agricultural use, due to increases in evapostranspiration (ET) and storage. Incorporation of woody biomass production plantations within the landscape provides an opportunity to improve the quality of runoff water and soil conservation. Given the centrality of water resources to the sustainability of ecosystem services and other values derived, the experience with woody biofuels feedstock production systems is positive. Keywords. Short rotation woody crop, forest hydrology, water quality, hardwood plantation.

Trettin, Carl,C.; Amatya, Devendra; Coleman, Mark.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Endicott Biofuels II LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Endicott Biofuels II LLC Endicott Biofuels II LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Endicott Biofuels II, LLC Place Houston, Texas Zip 77060-3235 Sector Biofuels Product Houston-based biofuels producer that is currently developing biodiesel refining facilities throughout the US. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How biotech can transform biofuels. Nat. Biotechnol. 26:169-How biotech can transform biofuels. Nat. Biotechnol. 26:169-How biotech can transform biofuels. Nat. Biotechnol. 26:169-

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Importance of systems biology in engineering microbes for biofuel production  

SciTech Connect

Microorganisms have been rich sources for natural products, some of which have found use as fuels, commodity chemicals, specialty chemicals, polymers, and drugs, to name a few. The recent interest in production of transportation fuels from renewable resources has catalyzed numerous research endeavors that focus on developing microbial systems for production of such natural products. Eliminating bottlenecks in microbial metabolic pathways and alleviating the stresses due to production of these chemicals are crucial in the generation of robust and efficient production hosts. The use of systems-level studies makes it possible to comprehensively understand the impact of pathway engineering within the context of the entire host metabolism, to diagnose stresses due to product synthesis, and provides the rationale to cost-effectively engineer optimal industrial microorganisms.

Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila; Redding, Alyssa M.; Rutherford, Becky J.; Keasling, Jay D.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricul- tural chemistry and bioenergy. J Ag Food Chem Parkmass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry:benefits of utilizing bioenergy crops and waste products

Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Single Cell Oils: Microbial and Algal Oils, 2nd EditionChapter 13 Algae Oils for Biofuels: Chemistry, Physiology, and Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single Cell Oils: Microbial and Algal Oils, 2nd Edition Chapter 13 Algae Oils for Biofuels: Chemistry, Physiology, and Production Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters 42F0779FEFD534382396369A34D3B1B8

203

Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007) Cellulosic ethanol: biofuel researchers prepare toBiofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial welltechnologies that enable biofuel production. Decades of work

Fortman, J. L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

PPC Worley and Independence Biofuels JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PPC Worley and Independence Biofuels JV Jump to: navigation, search Name PPC, Worley and Independence Biofuels JV Place Pennsylvania Sector Biofuels Product JV between PPC, Worley...

205

Los Alamos technology strikes a chord with algal biofuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology strikes chord with algal biofuels Los Alamos technology strikes a chord with algal biofuels Sound-wave technology is helping Solix Biofuels, Inc. optimize production of...

206

Biofuels Center of North Carolina | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Center of North Carolina Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuels Center of North Carolina Place Oxford, North Carolina Zip 27565 Sector Biofuels Product State-funded,...

207

New Zealand Energy Data: Liquid Biofuels Production (2007 - 2009...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy. Included here are the annual estimates of total production of biodiesel and bioethanol (2007 - 2009).
2011-01-25T23:42:06Z 2011-01-27T19:24:54Z http:www.med.govt.nz...

208

Gasification Product Improvement Facility status  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project is to provide a test site to support early commercialization of the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology. The design of this facility will by based on PyGas{trademark}, a patented air blown fixed bed gasification process. The GPIF will be capable of processing run-of-mine high swelling coals that comprise 87% of all Eastern US coals. The GPIF project is expected to deliver a gasifier design that will satisfy the criteria for good process performance and cost effectiveness. The PyGas{trademark} process was conceived to handle high swelling coals, crack tars, and reduce ammonia and trace metal emissions. The GPIF program will generate useful scale up data. Initially, the PyGas{trademark}-IGCC systems will be offered as modular units for the repowering markets which will reduce the financial burden on utilities in comparison to large plants. In addition, modular designs will also reduce the plant construction schedules.

Carson, R.D.; Sadowski, R.S.; Skinner, W.H. [CRS Sirrine Engineers, Inc., Greenville, SC (United States); Dixit, V.B.; Lisauskas, R.A. [Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, MA (United States); Johnson, S.A. [PSI Technology Co., Andover, MA (United States). PowerServe Div.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Techno-Economic Analysis of Biofuels Production Based on Gasification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study compares capital and production costs of two biomass-to-liquid production plants based on gasification. The first biorefinery scenario is an oxygen-fed, low-temperature (870?C), non-slagging, fluidized bed gasifier. The second scenario is an oxygen-fed, high-temperature (1,300?C), slagging, entrained flow gasifier. Both are followed by catalytic Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and hydroprocessing to naphtha-range (gasoline blend stock) and distillate-range (diesel blend stock) liquid fractions. Process modeling software (Aspen Plus) is utilized to organize the mass and energy streams and cost estimation software is used to generate equipment costs. Economic analysis is performed to estimate the capital investment and operating costs. Results show that the total capital investment required for nth plant scenarios is $610 million and $500 million for high-temperature and low-temperature scenarios, respectively. Product value (PV) for the high-temperature and low-temperature scenarios is estimated to be $4.30 and $4.80 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (GGE), respectively, based on a feedstock cost of $75 per dry short ton. Sensitivity analysis is also performed on process and economic parameters. This analysis shows that total capital investment and feedstock cost are among the most influential parameters affecting the PV.

Swanson, R. M.; Platon, A.; Satrio, J. A.; Brown, R. C.; Hsu, D. D.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Bio-Fuel Production Assisted with High Temperature Steam Electrolysis  

SciTech Connect

Two hybrid energy processes that enable production of synthetic liquid fuels that are compatible with the existing conventional liquid transportation fuels infrastructure are presented. Using biomass as a renewable carbon source, and supplemental hydrogen from high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE), these two hybrid energy processes have the potential to provide a significant alternative petroleum source that could reduce dependence on imported oil. The first process discusses a hydropyrolysis unit with hydrogen addition from HTSE. Non-food biomass is pyrolyzed and converted to pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is upgraded with hydrogen addition from HTSE. This addition of hydrogen deoxygenates the pyrolysis oil and increases the pH to a tolerable level for transportation. The final product is synthetic crude that could then be transported to a refinery and input into the already used transportation fuel infrastructure. The second process discusses a process named Bio-Syntrolysis. The Bio-Syntrolysis process combines hydrogen from HTSE with CO from an oxygen-blown biomass gasifier that yields syngas to be used as a feedstock for synthesis of liquid synthetic crude. Conversion of syngas to liquid synthetic crude, using a biomass-based carbon source, expands the application of renewable energy beyond the grid to include transportation fuels. It can also contribute to grid stability associated with non-dispatchable power generation. The use of supplemental hydrogen from HTSE enables greater than 90% utilization of the biomass carbon content which is about 2.5 times higher than carbon utilization associated with traditional cellulosic ethanol production. If the electrical power source needed for HTSE is based on nuclear or renewable energy, the process is carbon neutral. INL has demonstrated improved biomass processing prior to gasification. Recyclable biomass in the form of crop residue or energy crops would serve as the feedstock for this process. A process model of syngas production using high temperature electrolysis and biomass gasification is presented. Process heat from the biomass gasifier is used to heat steam for the hydrogen production via the high temperature steam electrolysis process. Oxygen produced form the electrolysis process is used to control the oxidation rate in the oxygen-blown biomass gasifier.

Grant Hawkes; James O'Brien; Michael McKellar

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

The Impact of Biofuel and Greenhouse Gas Policies on Land Management, Agricultural Production, and Environmental Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the combined effects of biofuel mandates and terrestrial greenhouse gas GHG mitigation incentives on land use, management intensity, commodity markets, welfare, and the full costs of GHG abatement through conceptual and empirical modeling. First, a simple conceptual model of land allocation and management is used to illustrate how bioenergy policies and GHG mitigation incentives could influence market prices, shift the land supply between alternative uses, alter management intensity, and boost equilibrium commodity prices. Later a major empirical modeling section uses the U.S. Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model with Greenhouse Gases (FASOMGHG) to simulate land use and production responses to various biofuel and climate policy scenarios. Simulations are performed to assess the effects of imposing biofuel mandates in the U.S. consistent with the Renewable Fuels Standard of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (RFS2). Simulations are run for several climate mitigation policy scenarios (with varying GHG (CO2) prices and eligibility restrictions for GHG offset activities) with and without conservation land recultivation. Important simulation outputs include time trajectories for land use, GHG emissions and mitigation, commodity prices, production, net exports, sectoral economic welfare, and shifts in management practices and intensity. Direct and indirect consequences of RFS2 and carbon policy are highlighted, including regional production shifts that can influence water consumption and nutrient use in regions already plagued by water scarcity and quality concerns. Results suggest that the potential magnitude of climate mitigation on commodity markets and exports is substantially higher than under biofuel expansion in isolation, raising concerns of international leakage and stimulating the Food vs. Carbon debate. Finally, a reduced-form dynamic emissions trading model of the U.S. economy is developed using simulation output from FASOMGHG and the National Energy Modeling System to test the effect of biofuel mandate expansion and domestic offset eligibility restrictions on total economy-wide GHG abatement costs. Findings are that while the RFS2 raises the marginal costs of offsets, full abatement costs depend on a number of policy factors. GHG payment incentives for forest management and non-CO2 agricultural offsets can increase full abatement costs by more than 20%.

Baker, Justin Scott

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis for the Production of the Hydrocarbon Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a promising technique for conversion of biomass into hydrocarbons for use as transportation fuels. For over 30 years this process has been studied and it has been demonstrated that oils can be produced with high concentrations of hydrocarbons and low levels of oxygen. However, the yields from this type of conversion are typically low and the catalysts, which are often zeolites, are quickly deactivated through coking. In addition, the hydrocarbons produced are primarily aromatic molecules (benzene, toluene, xylene) that not desirable for petroleum refineries and are not well suited for diesel or jet engines. The goals of our research are to develop new multifunction catalysts for the production of gasoline, diesel and jet fuel range molecules and to improve process conditions for higher yields and low coking rates. We are investigating filtration and the use of hydrogen donor molecules to improve catalyst performance.

Nimlos, M. R.; Robichaud, D. J.; Mukaratate, C.; Donohoe, B. S.; Iisa, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Understanding and engineering enzymes for enhanced biofuel production.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today, carbon-rich fossil fuels, primarily oil, coal and natural gas, provide 85% of the energy consumed in the United States. The release of greenhouse gases from these fuels has spurred research into alternative, non-fossil energy sources. Lignocellulosic biomass is renewable resource that is carbon-neutral, and can provide a raw material for alternative transportation fuels. Plant-derived biomass contains cellulose, which is difficult to convert to monomeric sugars for production of fuels. The development of cost-effective and energy-efficient processes to transform the cellulosic content of biomass into fuels is hampered by significant roadblocks, including the lack of specifically developed energy crops, the difficulty in separating biomass components, the high costs of enzymatic deconstruction of biomass, and the inhibitory effect of fuels and processing byproducts on organisms responsible for producing fuels from biomass monomers. One of the main impediments to more widespread utilization of this important resource is the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass and techniques that can be utilized to deconstruct cellulosic biomass.

Simmons, Blake Alexander; Volponi, Joanne V.; Sapra, Rajat; Faulon, Jean-Loup Michel; Buffleben, George M.; Roe, Diana C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Perennial grass production for biofuels: Soil conversion considerations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The increased use of renewable fuels for energy offers the United States a mechanism for significantly reducing national dependency on imported oil, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and improving regional agricultural economies. As mandated by law, a wide range of issues have been raised regarding the net environmental impacts of implementation of these new technologies. While uncertainties regarding both positive and negative environmental influences still exist in many areas of this new technology, it is now possible to address with substantial certainty the positive aspects of perennial herbaceous energy crops on several important soil conservation issues. Past experience with forage grasses and recent research with switchgrass. A warm season perennial forage grass selected as one of the model bioenergy species, indicates that important benefits will be gained in the area of soil conservation as grasses replace energy-intensive annual row crops. These include reduced erosion, improved conservation of water and nutrients, and increased productivity of soils by the deep and vigorous rooting systems of perennial warm-season gasses.

McLaughlin, S.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bransby, D.I. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States). Dept. of Agronomy and Soils; Parrish, D. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Greenlight Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenlight Biofuels Greenlight Biofuels Place Charlottesville, Virginia Product Charlottesville-based company that develops, builds, owns and operates biofuel facilities in North America. Coordinates 38.03213°, -78.477529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.03213,"lon":-78.477529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

216

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) Eligibility Utility...

217

Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or biomass as a feedstock. Beginning Aug. 1, 2010, tax incentives are also available for energy-efficient alternative fuel production facilities and up to five alternative fuel...

218

Biofuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Dataset Summary Description Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Data is presented as thousand barrels per day. Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels Biofuels Consumption EIA world Data text/csv icon total_biofuels_production_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) text/csv icon total_biofuels_consumption_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2000 - 2010 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

219

Biofuels from E. Coli: Engineering E. coli as an Electrofuels Chassis for Isooctane Production  

SciTech Connect

Electrofuels Project: Ginkgo Bioworks is bypassing photosynthesis and engineering E. coli to directly use carbon dioxide (CO2) to produce biofuels. E. coli doesnt naturally metabolize CO2, but Ginkgo Bioworks is manipulating and incorporating the genes responsible for CO2 metabolism into the microorganism. By genetically modifying E. coli, Ginkgo Bioworks will enhance its rate of CO2 consumption and liquid fuel production. Ginkgo Bioworks is delivering CO2 to E. coli as formic acid, a simple industrial chemical that provides energy and CO2 to the bacterial system.

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

220

Versatile microbial surface-display for environmental remediation and biofuels production  

SciTech Connect

Surface display is a powerful technique that utilizes natural microbial functional components to express proteins or peptides on the cell exterior. Since the reporting of the first surface-display system in the mid-1980s, a variety of new systems have been reported for yeast, Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Non-conventional display methods are emerging, eliminating the generation of genetically modified microorganisms. Cells with surface display are used as biocatalysts, biosorbents and biostimulants. Microbial cell-surface display has proven to be extremely important for numerous applications ranging from combinatorial library screening and protein engineering to bioremediation and biofuels production.

Wu, Cindy H.; Mulchandani, Ashok; Chen, wilfred

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid rise in biofuel production is driven by governmentprices. Globally, biofuel production is dominated bysoybeans) and current biofuel production processes are many

Kammen, Daniel M.; Farrell, Alexander E; Plevin, Richard J; Jones, Andrew; Nemet, Gregory F; Delucchi, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Sustainable Biofuel Production. RSB, pages 129. [Birur2008b). Impact of Biofuel Production on World AgriculturalPolicies for Biofuel Production. Conservation Biology, 22(

Gopal, Anand Raja

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Biofuel policy must evaluate environmental, food security and energy goals to maximize net benefits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated with biofuel production, including environmental3. Water use in biofuel production. Fig. 4. Water embeddedthe water consumed in biofuel production. By some estimates,

Sexton, Steven E; Rajagapol, Deepak; Hochman, Gal; Zilberman, David D; Roland-Holst, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Essays on the Economics of Climate Change, Biofuel and Food Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

negative impacts that biofuel production might have on foodbrought about by biofuel production. Non-convexities inlook at the optimal biofuel production when it competes for

Seguin, Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Fuel from Tobacco and Arundo Donax: Synthetic Crop for Direct Drop-in Biofuel Production through Re-routing the Photorespiration Intermediates and Engineering Terpenoid Pathways  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PETRO Project: Biofuels offer renewable alternatives to petroleum-based fuels that reduce net greenhouse gas emissions to nearly zero. However, traditional biofuels production is limited not only by the small amount of solar energy that plants convert through photosynthesis into biological materials, but also by inefficient processes for converting these biological materials into fuels. Farm-ready, non-food crops are needed that produce fuels or fuel-like precursors at significantly lower costs with significantly higher productivity. To make biofuels cost-competitive with petroleum-based fuels, biofuels production costs must be cut in half.

None

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Engineering Biofuels from Photosynthetic Bacteria  

Schematic of the overall approach including the invented method for production of co-factors and anchors as biofuel precursors.

227

Production of algal-based biofuel using non-fresh water sources.  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this LDRD involves development of a system dynamics model to understand the interdependencies between water resource availability and water needs for production of biofuels. Specifically, this model focuses on availability and feasibility of non-traditional water sources from dairy wastewater, produced water from crude oil production and from coal-bed methane gas extraction for the production of algal-based biofuel. The conceptual simulation framework and historical data are based on two locales within New Mexico, the San Juan basin in the northwest and the Permian basin in the southeast, where oil and gas drilling have increased considerably in the last ten years. The overall water balance ignores both transportation options and water chemistry and is broken down by county level. The resulting model contains an algal growth module, a dairy module, an oil production module, and a gas production module. A user interface is also created for controlling the adjustable parameters in the model. Our preliminary investigation indicates a cyclical demand for non-fresh water due to the cyclical nature of algal biomass production and crop evapotranspiration. The wastewater from the dairy industry is not a feasible non-fresh water source because the agricultural water demand for cow's dry feed far exceeds the amount generated at the dairy. The uncertainty associated with the water demand for cow's dry matter intake is the greatest in this model. The oil- and gas-produced water, ignoring the quality, provides ample supply for water demand in algal biomass production. There remains work to address technical challenges associated with coupling the appropriate non-fresh water source to the local demand.

Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Reno, Marissa Devan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Production of algal-based biofuel using non-fresh water sources.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this LDRD involves development of a system dynamics model to understand the interdependencies between water resource availability and water needs for production of biofuels. Specifically, this model focuses on availability and feasibility of non-traditional water sources from dairy wastewater, produced water from crude oil production and from coal-bed methane gas extraction for the production of algal-based biofuel. The conceptual simulation framework and historical data are based on two locales within New Mexico, the San Juan basin in the northwest and the Permian basin in the southeast, where oil and gas drilling have increased considerably in the last ten years. The overall water balance ignores both transportation options and water chemistry and is broken down by county level. The resulting model contains an algal growth module, a dairy module, an oil production module, and a gas production module. A user interface is also created for controlling the adjustable parameters in the model. Our preliminary investigation indicates a cyclical demand for non-fresh water due to the cyclical nature of algal biomass production and crop evapotranspiration. The wastewater from the dairy industry is not a feasible non-fresh water source because the agricultural water demand for cow's dry feed far exceeds the amount generated at the dairy. The uncertainty associated with the water demand for cow's dry matter intake is the greatest in this model. The oil- and gas-produced water, ignoring the quality, provides ample supply for water demand in algal biomass production. There remains work to address technical challenges associated with coupling the appropriate non-fresh water source to the local demand.

Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Reno, Marissa Devan

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Midwestern Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Midwestern Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Midwestern Biofuels LLC Place South Shore, Kentucky Zip 41175 Sector Biomass Product Kentucky-based biomass energy pellet...

230

Ultimate Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ultimate Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Ultimate Biofuels LLC Place Ann Arbor, Michigan Zip 48108 Product Plans to develop sweet sorghum based ethanol plants....

231

Biofuels of Colorado LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels of Colorado LLC Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80216 Product Biodiesel producer in Denver, Colorado. References Biofuels of Colorado LLC1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

232

BlackGold Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BlackGold Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name BlackGold Biofuels Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Zip 19107 Product Philadelphia-based developer of a waste...

233

Biofuels America Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels America Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuels America Inc Place Memphis, Tennessee Zip 38126 Product Tennessee-based company that has proposed building a...

234

United Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name United Biofuels Inc Place Plover, Wisconsin Zip 54467 Sector Biomass Product Wisconsin-based manufacturer and distributor of...

235

Spectroscopic Analyses of the Biofuels-Critical Phytochemical Coniferyl Alcohol and Its Enzyme-Catalyzed Oxidation Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyses of the Biofuels-Critical Phytochemical Coniferylscreening; monolignols; biofuels 1. Introduction Plantfacing cost-effective biofuels [3]. Lignin analyses will

Achyuthan, Komandoor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

PetroSun Biofuels China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PetroSun Biofuels China Jump to: navigation, search Name PetroSun Biofuels China Place China Sector Biofuels Product PetroSun Biofuels China is a wholly owned subsidiary of...

237

CleanTech Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CleanTech Biofuels Place St. Louis, Missouri Zip 63130 Sector Biofuels Product CleanTech Biofuels holds exclusive licenses to a pair of technologies for converting municipal solid...

238

DuPont Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DuPont Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name DuPont Biofuels Place Wilmington, Delaware Zip 19898 Product Biofuel technology development subsidiary of DuPont. Co-developing...

239

Pan Am Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pan-Am Biofuels Inc Place Park City, Utah Zip 84068 Product Utah-based jatropha oil feedstock producer. References Pan-Am Biofuels...

240

Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated the impacts of U.S. biofuel production and barge navigation impediments on agricultural transportation and markets. Both past and future impacts of U.S. biofuel production levels mandated by the Renewable Fuel Standards of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (RFS1) and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (RFS2) were examined. Examination of barge navigations impediments included analysis of the impact of lock failure and low water levels on rivers due to drought, on agricultural transportation, and on consumer welfare. All scenarios were simulated using the International Grain Transportation Model, a price endogenous mathematical programming model. The results showed that RFS-associated (RFS1 and RFS2) U.S. corn ethanol production increased the total corn supply and diverted corn from non-ethanol consumption, reduced regional grain transportation volumes, and contributed to a rise in corn prices. The results of the forward-looking scenarios indicated that grain exports and transport volumes were increased. Exports from Gulf ports increased by 41%, while grain movements by rail increased by 60%. Additional investments in the expansion of the grain handling capacities of Gulf ports and the railroad industry are needed in the near future unless a large increase in biofuel production occurs. The results of navigation impediment scenarios indicated that both lock failures and low water levels on rivers adversely affect U.S. grain exports. The Gulf ports were most negatively impacted, relative to Pacific Northwest and Atlantic ports. Truck and barge freight volume declined while rail freight volume increased. Because trucks deliver grain from grain elevators to barge locations, truck volume also decreased in response to the decline in barge volume. The scenarios imposed welfare losses on society with most accruing to consumers, while the barge industry lost $10-154 million in revenue. The low water levels were more expensive than the lock failures. Major rehabilitation of the locks is needed to avoid lock failures and more dredging of the shallow parts of the river system is required because of frequent droughts.

Ahmedov, Zafarbek

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Designing the perfect plant feedstock for biofuel production: Using the whole buffalo to diversify fuels and products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ÔØ Å ÒÙ× Ö ÔØ ÔØ Å ÒÙ× Ö ÔØ Designing the perfect plant feedstock for biofuel production: Using the whole buffalo to diversify fuels and products B.L. Joyce, C.N. Stewart Jr. PII: S0734-9750(11)00138-8 DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.08.006 Reference: JBA 6469 To appear in: Biotechnology Advances Received date: 21 April 2011 Revised date: 6 July 2011 Accepted date: 4 August 2011 Please cite this article as: Joyce BL, Stewart Jr. CN, Designing the perfect plant feed- stock for biofuel production: Using the whole buffalo to diversify fuels and products, Biotechnology Advances (2011), doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.08.006 This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting

242

Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Criteria for Sustainable Biofuel Production. RSB, pages 1and Tyner, W. (2008b). Impact of Biofuel Production on WorldClifford, P. (2009). Assessing Biofuel Crop Invasiveness: A

Gopal, Anand Raja

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

For switchgrass cultivated as biofuel in California, invasiveness limited by several steps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comprehensively address biofuel production and use, as welladdition, biofuel crops should be propagated in productionto enhance production of food or fiber, but biofuel breeders

DiTomaso, Joseph M; Barney, Jacob N; Mann, J Jeremiah; Kyser, Guy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Hampton Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hampton Biofuels Place New York, New York Zip 10017 Product A start-up looking to develop a biodiesel plant in upstate New York. References Hampton Biofuels1 LinkedIn Connections...

245

Biofuel potential, nitrogen utilization, and growth rates of two green algae isolated from a wastewater treatment facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nitrogen removal from wastewater by algae provides the additional benefit of producing lipids for biofuel and biomass for anaerobic digestion. As ammonium is the renewable (more)

Eustance, Everett O'Brien.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A Dynamic Simulation of the Indirect Land Use Implications of Recent Biofuel Production and Use in the United States.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global indirect land use change (ILUC) implications of biofuel use in the United States of America (USA) from 2001 to 2010 are evaluated with a dynamic general equilibrium model. The effects of biofuels production on agricultural land area vary by year; from a net expansion of 0.17 ha per 1000 gallons produced (2002) to a net contraction of 0.13 ha per 1000 gallons (2018) in Case 1 of our simulation. In accordance with the general narrative about the implications of biofuel policy, agricultural land area increased in many regions of the world. However, oil-export dependent economies experienced agricultural land contraction because of reductions in their revenues. Reducing crude oil imports is a major goal of biofuel policy, but the land use change implications have received little attention in the literature. Simulations evaluating the effects of doubling supply elasticities for land and fossil resources show that these parameters can significantly influence the land use change estimates. Therefore, research that provides empirically-based and spatially-detailed agricultural land-supply curves and capability to project future fossil energy prices is critical for improving estimates of the effects of biofuel policy on land use.

Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Vermont Biofuels Initiative: Local Production for Local Use to Supply a Portion of Vermontâ??s Energy Needs  

SciTech Connect

The Vermont Biofuels initiative (VBI) is the Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fundâ??s (VSJF) biomass-to-biofuels market development program. Vermont is a small state with a large petroleum dependency for transportation (18th in per capita petroleum consumption) and home heating (55% of all households use petroleum for heating). The VBI marks the first strategic effort to reduce Vermontâ??s dependency on petroleum through the development of homegrown alternatives. As such, it supports the four key priorities of the U.S. Department of Energyâ??s Multi-year Biomass Plan: 1.) Dramatically reduce dependence on foreign oil; 2.) Promote the use of diverse, domestic and sustainable energy resources; 3.) Reduce carbon emissions from energy production and consumption; 4.) Establish a domestic bioindustry. In 2005 VSJF was awarded with a $496,000 Congressionally directed award from U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy. This award was administered through the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-FG36- 05GO85017, hereafter referred to as DOE FY05) with $396,000 to be used by VSJF for biodiesel development and $100,000 to be used by the Vermont Department of Public Service for methane biodigester projects. The intent and strategic focus of the VBI is similar to another DOE funded organizationâ?? the Biofuels Center of North Carolinaâ??in that it is a nonprofit driven, statewide biofuels market development effort. DOE FY05 funds were expensed from 2006 through 2008 for seven projects: 1) a feedstock production, logistics, and biomass conversion research project conducted by the University of Vermont Extension; 2) technical assistance in the form of a safety review and engineering study of State Line Biofuels existing biodiesel production facility; 3) technical assistance in the form of a safety review and engineering study of Borderview Farmâ??s proposed biodiesel production facility; 4) technology and infrastructure purchases for capacity expansion at Green Technologies, LLC, a waste vegetable biodiesel producer; 5) technical assistance in the form of feasibility studies for AgNorth Biopower LLCâ??s proposed multi-feedstock biodigester; 6) technology and infrastructure purchases for the construction of a â??Cow Powerâ? biodigester at Gervais Family Farm; and 7) the education and outreach activities of the Vermont Biofuels Association. DOE FY05 funded research, technical assistance, and education and outreach activities have helped to provide Vermont farmers and entrepreneurs with important feedstock production, feedstock logistics, and biomass conversion information that did not exist prior as we work to develop an instate biodiesel sector. The efficacy of producing oilseed crops in New England is now established: Oilseed crops can grow well in Vermont, and good yields are achievable given improved harvesting equipment and techniques. DOE FY05 funds used for technology and infrastructure development have expanded Vermontâ??s pool of renewable electricity and liquid fuel generation. It is now clear that on-farm energy production provides an opportunity for Vermont farmers and entrepreneurs to reduce on-farm expenditures of feed and fuel while providing for their energy security. Meanwhile they are developing new value-added revenue sources (e.g., locally produced livestock meal), retaining more dollars in the local economy, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Scott Sawyer; Ellen Kahler

2009-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

248

Drought-tolerant Biofuel Crops could be a Critical Hedge for Biorefineries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Sustainable Biofuel Production, Version 2.0. 2010,risk to future biofuel production, a risk that will likely

Morrow, III, William R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 2007). Cellulosic feedstock material is washed petroleum feedstock. Like cellulosic biofuel, this Feedstock cultivation Energy Carrier U.S. corn ethanol U.S. cellulosic

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

TWO-STAGE HETEROTROPHIC AND PHOTOTROPHIC CULTURE TECHNOLOGY FOR MICROALGAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chair: Dr. Shulin Chen Microalgae are attractive feedstocks for producing renewable biofuels. In this dissertation, I developed a two-stage heterotrophic and phototrophic microalgae culture system (more)

[No author

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Integrated supply chain design for sustainable and resilient development of biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The U.S. biofuel industry has been experiencing phenomenal growth during the last decade, which may be partially attributed to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (more)

Bai, Yun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

%22Trojan Horse%22 strategy for deconstruction of biomass for biofuels production.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Production of renewable biofuels to displace fossil fuels currently consumed in the transportation sector is a pressing multiagency national priority (DOE/USDA/EERE). Currently, nearly all fuel ethanol is produced from corn-derived starch. Dedicated 'energy crops' and agricultural waste are preferred long-term solutions for renewable, cheap, and globally available biofuels as they avoid some of the market pressures and secondary greenhouse gas emission challenges currently facing corn ethanol. These sources of lignocellulosic biomass are converted to fermentable sugars using a variety of chemical and thermochemical pretreatments, which disrupt cellulose and lignin cross-links, allowing exogenously added recombinant microbial enzymes to more efficiently hydrolyze the cellulose for 'deconstruction' into glucose. This process is plagued with inefficiencies, primarily due to the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, mass transfer issues during deconstruction, and low activity of recombinant deconstruction enzymes. Costs are also high due to the requirement for enzymes and reagents, and energy-intensive cumbersome pretreatment steps. One potential solution to these problems is found in synthetic biology-engineered plants that self-produce a suite of cellulase enzymes. Deconstruction can then be integrated into a one-step process, thereby increasing efficiency (cellulose-cellulase mass-transfer rates) and reducing costs. The unique aspects of our approach are the rationally engineered enzymes which become Trojan horses during pretreatment conditions. During this study we rationally engineered Cazy enzymes and then integrated them into plant cells by multiple transformation techniques. The regenerated plants were assayed for first expression of these messages and then for the resulting proteins. The plants were then subjected to consolidated bioprocessing and characterized in detail. Our results and possible implications of this work on developing dedicated energy crops and their advantage in a consolidated bioprocessing system.

Simmons, Blake Alexander; Sinclair, Michael B.; Yu, Eizadora; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Hadi, Masood Z.; Tran-Gyamfi, Mary

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Review Article The Role of Synthetic Biology in the Design of Microbial Cell Factories for Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Insecurity in the supply of fossil fuels, volatile fuel prices, and major concerns regarding climate change have sparked renewed interest in the production of fuels from renewable resources. Because of this, the use of biodiesel has grown dramatically during the last few years and is expected to increase even further in the future. Biodiesel production through the use of microbial systems has marked a turning point in the field of biofuels since it is emerging as an attractive alternative to conventional technology. Recent progress in synthetic biology has accelerated the ability to analyze, construct, and/or redesign microbial metabolic pathways with unprecedented precision, in order to permit biofuel production that is amenable to industrial applications. The review presented here focuses specifically on the role of synthetic biology in the design of microbial cell factories for efficient production of biodiesel. 1.

Vernica Leticia Colin; Anala Rodrguez; Hctor Antonio Cristbal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Memphis Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels LLC Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Memphis Biofuels LLC Place Memphis, Tennessee Product Biodiesel start-up planning to construct a 36-million-gallon-per-year production facility in Memphis. Coordinates 35.14968°, -90.048929° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.14968,"lon":-90.048929,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

255

ASAlliances Biofuels Defunct | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASAlliances Biofuels Defunct ASAlliances Biofuels Defunct Jump to: navigation, search Name ASAlliances Biofuels (Defunct) Place Dallas, Texas Product Former JV formed to construct three large-scale ethanol production facilities in US, aquired by VeraSun energy in August 2007. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

256

Cooking Up More Uses for the Leftovers of Biofuel Production -N... http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/08/business/08biodiesel.html?ei=... 1 of 3 8/8/07 10:49 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooking Up More Uses for the Leftovers of Biofuel Production - N... http://www.nytimes.com/2007 Uses for the Leftovers of Biofuel Production By HILLARY ROSNER The baking tins and muffin cups lining to be true for biofuels," said Kenneth F. Reardon, a professor of chemical and biological engineering

Kimbrough, Steven Orla

257

The Ecological Impact of Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well come from market-mediated LUC. Mitigating this impact requires targeting biofuel production Voluntary and mandatory biofuel targets for transport fuels in G8+5 countriesa Country/country grouping Africa Up to 8% by 2006 (V) (10% target under consideration) United Kingdom 5% biofuels by 2010 (M), 10

Kammen, Daniel M.

258

Danielle Goldtooth Paper #6 -Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jon Kroc Danielle Goldtooth IS 195A Paper #6 - Biofuels Green Dreams In the modern era science has. Biofuels are increasingly becoming viable alternatives to gasoline, diesel, and other non-renewable fuels." There are still many issues that must be dealt with before the production of biofuels is energy-efficient enough

Lega, Joceline

259

Drought-tolerant Biofuel Crops could be a Critical Hedge for Biorefineries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Criteria for Sustainable Biofuel Production, Version 2.0.sustainability concepts in biofuel supply chain management:of switchgrass-for-biofuel systems. Biomass & Bioenergy,

Morrow, III, William R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Environmental Assessment Exemption on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

TCS 2014 Symposium on Thermal and Catalytic Sciences for Biofuels...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TCS 2014 Symposium on Thermal and Catalytic Sciences for Biofuels and Biobased Products TCS 2014 Symposium on Thermal and Catalytic Sciences for Biofuels and Biobased Products...

262

Biofuels Impact Study2010 Biofuel Impact Study Executive Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oregon has abundant human and natural capital that can contribute significantly to the States energy future. Our biomass resources have the potential to contribute to future energy needs while encouraging job creation and economic opportunities in rural Oregon. The Governor and the Oregon State Legislature have made significant commitments and investments towards realizing the full potential that bioenergy has for Oregon. Oregon has led the nation with policies that promote the use of biomass for fuel and energy production. State agencies, non-profits and the private sector are working hard to deliver this commitment of job creation, energy savings, and energy independence for Oregon businesses and residents. This is the first periodic report issued to the Legislature that assesses the impact of the States biofuel program. The report includes a summary of current incentives and policies that support biofuels, statistics about jobs at Oregons bioenergy facilities, and a description of the status of the bioenergy and biofuels industries in Oregon. More data is necessary to truly evaluate the impacts of Oregons bioenergy incentives to the health of the bioenergy industry and the creation of jobs. Several state agencies are working to collect some of these data, which will provide a clearer picture of the industry at the time of our next report to the Legislature. Biomass heating facility at the Harney Hospital in Burns, OR

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Biofuel Production Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. This is a very new resource, but the collections will grow due to both DOE contributions and individuals data uploads. Currently the Biofuel Production collection includes 100 items. Most of these are categorized as literature, but six datasets and 16 models are listed.

264

Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a biomass for biofuel production and some of its economiceconomic viability of biofuel production is the efficiencybiofuel; metabolic engineering; China Abstract Cassava is ranking as fifth among crops in global starch production.

Jansson, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Good policy follows good science: using criteria and indicators for assessing sustainable biofuel production  

SciTech Connect

Developing scientific criteria and indicators should play a critical role in charting a sustainable path for the rapidly developing biofuel industry. The challenge ahead in developing such criteria and indicators is to address the limitations on data and modeling.

Hecht, Alan D [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Bruins, Randy [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Chen, Alice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Good Policy Follows Good Science Using Criteria and Indicators for Assessing Sustainable Biofuel Production  

SciTech Connect

Developing scientific criteria and indicators should play a critical role in charting a sustainable path for the rapidly developing biofuel industry. The challenge ahead in developing such criteria and indicators is to address the limitations on data and modeling.

Hecht, Alan [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Bruins, Randy [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Chen, Alice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Metabolic Engineering of Clostridium thermocellum for Biofuel Production (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

Adam Guss of Oak Ridge National Lab on "Metabolic engineering of Clostridium thermocellum for biofuel production" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 28, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Guess, Adam [ORNL

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Biofuels Study Commission (Commission) was established to study the feasibility and effectiveness of incentives that promote the development and use of advanced biofuels in the state, including production credits,

269

Methods of dealing with co-products of biofuels in life-cycle analysis and consequent results within the U.S. context.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Products other than biofuels are produced in biofuel plants. For example, corn ethanol plants produce distillers grains and solubles. Soybean crushing plants produce soy meal and soy oil, which is used for biodiesel production. Electricity is generated in sugarcane ethanol plants both for internal consumption and export to the electric grid. Future cellulosic ethanol plants could be designed to co-produce electricity with ethanol. It is important to take co-products into account in the life-cycle analysis of biofuels and several methods are available to do so. Although the International Standard Organization's ISO 14040 advocates the system boundary expansion method (also known as the 'displacement method' or the 'substitution method') for life-cycle analyses, application of the method has been limited because of the difficulty in identifying and quantifying potential products to be displaced by biofuel co-products. As a result, some LCA studies and policy-making processes have considered alternative methods. In this paper, we examine the available methods to deal with biofuel co-products, explore the strengths and weaknesses of each method, and present biofuel LCA results with different co-product methods within the U.S. context.

Wang, M.; Huo, H.; Arora, S. (Energy Systems)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels (Redirected from - Biofuels) Jump to: navigation, search Biofuels are a wide range of fuels which are in some way derived from biomass. The term covers solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases.[1] Biofuels are gaining increased public and scientific attention, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. Bioethanol is an alcohol made by fermenting the sugar components of plant materials and it is made mostly from sugar and starch crops. With advanced technology being developed, cellulosic biomass, such as trees and grasses, are also used as feedstocks for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane and improve vehicle emissions. Bioethanol is

271

Developing Research Capabilities in Energy Biosciences: Design principles of photosynthetic biofuel production.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current fossil fuel-based energy infrastructure is not sustainable. Solar radiation is a plausible alternative, but realizing it as such will require significant technological advances in the ability to harvest light energy and convert it into suitable fuels. The biological system of photosynthesis can carry out these reactions, and in principle could be engineered using the tools of synthetic biology. One desirable implementation would be to rewire the reactions of a photosynthetic bacterium to direct the energy harvested from solar radiation into the synthesis of the biofuel H2. Proposed here is a series of experiments to lay the basic science groundwork for such an attempt. The goal is to elucidate the transcriptional network of photosynthesis using a novel driver-reporter screen, evolve more robust hydrogenases for improved catalysis, and to test the ability of the photosynthetic machinery to directly produce H2 in vivo. The results of these experiments will have broad implications for the understanding of photosynthesis, enzyme function, and the engineering of biological systems for sustainable energy production. The ultimate impact could be a fundamental transformation of the world's energy economy.

Donald D. Brown; David Savage

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

Biofuels Consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Consumption Biofuels Consumption Dataset Summary Description Total annual biofuels consumption and production data by country was compiled by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Data is presented as thousand barrels per day. Source EIA Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels Biofuels Consumption EIA world Data text/csv icon total_biofuels_production_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) text/csv icon total_biofuels_consumption_2000_2010thousand_barrels_per_day.csv (csv, 9.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2000 - 2010 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

273

Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels Production (CCLUB). Users' manual and technical documentation.  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels Production (CCLUB) calculates carbon emissions from land use change (LUC) for four different ethanol production pathways including corn grain ethanol and cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, miscanthus, and switchgrass. This document discusses the version of CCLUB released May 31, 2012 which includes corn, as did the previous CCLUB version, and three cellulosic feedstocks: corn stover, miscanthus, and switchgrass. CCLUB calculations are based upon two data sets: land change areas and above- and below-ground carbon content. Table 1 identifies where these data are stored and used within the CCLUB model, which is built in MS Excel. Land change area data is from Purdue University's Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model, a computable general equilibrium (CGE) economic model. Section 2 describes the GTAP data CCLUB uses and how these data were modified to reflect shrubland transitions. Feedstock- and spatially-explicit below-ground carbon content data for the United States were generated with a surrogate model for CENTURY's soil organic carbon sub-model (Kwon and Hudson 2010) as described in Section 3. CENTURY is a soil organic matter model developed by Parton et al. (1987). The previous CCLUB version used more coarse domestic carbon emission factors. Above-ground non-soil carbon content data for forest ecosystems was sourced from the USDA/NCIAS Carbon Online Estimator (COLE) as explained in Section 4. We discuss emission factors used for calculation of international greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Section 5. Temporal issues associated with modeling LUC emissions are the topic of Section 6. Finally, in Section 7 we provide a step-by-step guide to using CCLUB and obtaining results.

Mueller, S; Dunn, JB; Wang, M (Energy Systems); (Univ. of Illinois at Chicago)

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

274

Biofuel Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuel Solutions Place Colorado Product Defunct bioethanol plant developer, which had been developing one plant in Fairmont, Minnesota and...

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Fee to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Fee on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Production Facility Fee The cost to submit an air quality permit application for an ethanol production plant is $1,000. An annual renewal fee is also required for the

276

Looking Ahead Biofuels, H2, & Vehicles  

Biogas Lipids/ Oils. Gasification. Pyrolysis & Liquefaction Hydrolysis Wide Range of Biofuel Technologies * Blending Products Anaerobic Digestion Upgrading ...

277

Legislating Biofuels in the United States (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Legislation supporting U.S. biofuels production can help to reduce petroleum consumption and increase the nation's energy security.

Clark, W.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to encourage innovation and investment in green technologiesdemand for green biofuels and capital investments (like thegreen biofuel production. In this way, trading also encourages economically efficient investments

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

AE Biofuels Inc formerly American Ethanol Inc | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AE Biofuels Inc formerly American Ethanol Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly American Ethanol Inc.) Place Cupertino, California Zip CA 95014 Product...

280

Improved Reaction Data Heat Up the Biofuels Harvest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improved Reaction Data Heat Up the Biofuels Harvest. ... results are a step toward more efficient production of cellulosic ethanol, a biofuel that can be ...

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Biofuel Study to State Biofuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Biofuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Biofuel Study The Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (Department) conducted a study on the conditions and policies needed to expand biofuel production in Hawaii with the goal of displacing a

282

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The Minnesota Department of Agriculture (Department) must pursue available resources to promote and increase the production and use of biofuels in the state. These efforts should include increasing the availability of E85 fuel

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of

284

Draft Program June 29, 2012 International Conference on Biofuels Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Draft Program June 29, 2012 4th International Conference on Biofuels Standards: Current Issues, Future Trends Surface Transport Biofuels - Current State of Technology, Production and Markets for: Bioethanol (from Corn, Sugarcane, Cellulose) Biodiesel Other biofuels ­ Biobutanol, Biomethanol, Biomethane

285

Ultra Soy of America DBA USA Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ultra Soy of America DBA USA Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Ultra Soy of America (DBA USA Biofuels) Place Fort Wayne, Indiana Zip 46898 Sector Biofuels Product An...

286

Energy and Greenhouse Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion) - GHG Emissions - Biodiversity Biofuel Production Inputs Export Animal Feed Other (chemicals,

Kammen, Daniel M.; Farrell, Alexander E.; Plevin, Richard J.; Jones, Andrew D.; Nemet, Gregory F.; Delucchi, Mark A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion) - GHG Emissions - Biodiversity Biofuel Production Inputs Capital Energy (equipment) Export Animal Feed Other (chemicals,

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Potential Land Use Implications of a Global Biofuels Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the potential production and implications of a global biofuels industry. We

Gurgel, Angelo C.

289

Production of Advanced Biofuels via Liquefaction - Hydrothermal Liquefaction Reactor Design: April 5, 2013  

SciTech Connect

This report provides detailed reactor designs and capital costs, and operating cost estimates for the hydrothermal liquefaction reactor system, used for biomass-to-biofuels conversion, under development at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Five cases were developed and the costs associated with all cases ranged from $22 MM/year - $47 MM/year.

Knorr, D.; Lukas, J.; Schoen, P.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Production Facility Tax Credit

291

Fulcrum Biofuels LLc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 1848 - 1848 Environmental Assessment DOE/EA - 1848 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LOAN GUARANTEE TO FULCRUM SIERRA BIOFUELS, LLC FOR A WASTE-TO-ETHANOL FACILITY IN MCCARRAN, STOREY COUNTY, NEVADA U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee Program Office Washington, D.C. 20585 June 2011 Table of Contents Environmental Assessment DOE/EA - 1848 i

292

Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Biofuels are a wide range of fuels which are in some way derived from biomass. The term covers solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases.[1] Biofuels are gaining increased public and scientific attention, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. Bioethanol is an alcohol made by fermenting the sugar components of plant materials and it is made mostly from sugar and starch crops. With advanced technology being developed, cellulosic biomass, such as trees and grasses, are also used as feedstocks for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane and improve vehicle emissions. Bioethanol is

293

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Production Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Production Facility Property Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

294

Argonaut BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argonaut BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Argonaut BioFuels Place Virginia Product Manufacturer of wood pellets that has a plant in Virginia, US. References Argonaut...

295

US Biofuels Ltd Ohio | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Ohio Jump to: navigation, search Name US Biofuels Ltd (Ohio) Place Columbus, Ohio Zip 43215 Product Builder of a bioethanol plant in Richmond, OH. References US Biofuels Ltd...

296

Turning Bacteria into Fuel: Cyanobacteria Designed for Solar-Powered Highly Efficient Production of Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: ASU is engineering a type of photosynthetic bacteria that efficiently produce fatty acidsa fuel precursor for biofuels. This type of bacteria, called Synechocystis, is already good at converting solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) into a type of fatty acid called lauric acid. ASU has modified the organism so it continuously converts sunlight and CO2 into fatty acidsoverriding its natural tendency to use solar energy solely for cell growth and maximizing the solar-to-fuel conversion process. ASUs approach is different because most biofuels research focuses on increasing cellular biomass and not on excreting fatty acids. The project has also identified a unique way to convert the harvested lauric acid into a fuel that can be easily blended with existing transportation fuels.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Hydrogen Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Hydrogen Production Facility Permits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

298

Best Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels LLC Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Best Biofuels LLC Place Austin, Texas Zip 78746 Sector Biofuels Product Best Biofuels is developing and commercialising vegetable oils and ethanol as fuel. References Best Biofuels LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Best Biofuels LLC is a company located in Austin, Texas . References ↑ "Best Biofuels LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Best_Biofuels_LLC&oldid=342683" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

299

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Promotion to Biofuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Promotion The New Jersey Assembly urges the U.S. Congress to maintain the federal Renewable Fuels Standard, which will increase the production of domestic renewable fuel, enhance consumer choice, improve the economy, increase

300

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Feedstock Biofuels Feedstock Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Feedstock Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Feedstock Requirements Renewable fuel production plants operating in Louisiana and deriving ethanol from the distillation of corn must use corn crops harvested in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The gasifier selected for development under this contract is an innovative and patented hybrid technology which combines the best features of both fixed-bed and fluidized-bed types. PyGas{trademark}, meaning Pyrolysis Gasification, is well suited for integration into advanced power cycles such as IGCC. It is also well matched to hot gas clean-up technologies currently in development. Unlike other gasification technologies, PyGas can be designed into both large and small scale systems. It is expected that partial repowering with PyGas could be done at a cost of electricity of only 2.78 cents/kWh, more economical than natural gas repowering. It is extremely unfortunate that Government funding for such a noble cause is becoming reduced to the point where current contracts must be canceled. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project was initiated to provide a test facility to support early commercialization of advanced fixed-bed coal gasification technology at a cost approaching $1,000 per kilowatt for electric power generation applications. The project was to include an innovative, advanced, air-blown, pressurized, fixed-bed, dry-bottom gasifier and a follow-on hot metal oxide gas desulfurization sub-system. To help defray the cost of testing materials, the facility was to be located at a nearby utility coal fired generating site. The patented PyGas{trademark} technology was selected via a competitive bidding process as the candidate which best fit overall DOE objectives. The paper describes the accomplishments to date.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Property Tax Abatement for Production and Manufacturing Facilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Abatement for Production and Manufacturing Facilities Abatement for Production and Manufacturing Facilities Property Tax Abatement for Production and Manufacturing Facilities < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 5/25/2007 State Montana Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 50% tax abatement Provider Montana Department of Revenue In May 2007, Montana enacted legislation (H.B. 3) that allows a property tax abatement for new renewable energy production facilities, new renewable energy manufacturing facilities, and renewable energy research and

303

Pinellas Plant facts. [Products, processes, laboratory facilities  

SciTech Connect

This plant was built in 1956 in response to a need for the manufacture of neutron generators, a principal component in nuclear weapons. The neutron generators consist of a miniaturized linear ion accelerator assembled with the pulsed electrical power supplies required for its operation. The ion accelerator, or neutron tube, requires ultra clean, high vacuum technology: hermetic seals between glass, ceramic, glass-ceramic, and metal materials: plus high voltage generation and measurement technology. The existence of these capabilities at the Pinellas Plant has led directly to the assignment of the lightning arrester connector, specialty capacitor, vacuum switch, and crystal resonator. Active and reserve batteries and the radioisotopically-powered thermoelectric generator draw on the materials measurement and controls technologies which are required to ensure neutron generator life. A product development and production capability in alumina ceramics, cermet (electrical) feedthroughs, and glass ceramics has become a specialty of the plant; the laboratories monitor the materials and processes used by the plant's commercial suppliers of ferroelectric ceramics. In addition to the manufacturing facility, a production development capability is maintained at the Pinellas Plant.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

08 Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels Draft Report (May be citedLIFECYCLE ANALYSES OF BIOFUELS Draft manuscript (may belifecycle analysis (LCA) of biofuels for transportation has

Delucchi, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) Rates for Alternate Energy Production Facilities (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Iowa Utilities Board The Utilities Board may require public utilities furnishing gas, electricity, communications, or water to public consumers, to own alternate energy production facilities, enter into long-term contracts to purchase power from such facilities, and/or provide supplemental or backup power to alternate energy production facilities. Uniform rates for these transactions will be set by the board. Some exemptions apply

306

Momentum Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Momentum Biofuels Inc Momentum Biofuels Inc Place League City, Texas Zip 77573 Sector Biofuels Product Momentum Biofuels, a Texas-based company that is developing a business in the production, marketing, and distribution of alternative fuels, with an current emphasis on biodiesel fuel. References Momentum Biofuels Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Momentum Biofuels Inc is a company located in League City, Texas . References ↑ "Momentum Biofuels Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Momentum_Biofuels_Inc&oldid=348911" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages

307

Mascoma Announces Major Cellulosic Biofuel Technology Breakthrough  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mascoma Announces Major Cellulosic Biofuel Technology Breakthrough Lebanon, NH - May 7, 2009 bioprocessing, or CBP, a low-cost processing strategy for production of biofuels from cellulosic biomass. CBP much, much closer to billions of gallons of low cost cellulosic biofuels," said Michigan State

308

World Biofuels Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report forms part of a project entitled 'World Biofuels Study'. The objective is to study world biofuel markets and to examine the possible contribution that biofuel imports could make to help meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA). The study was sponsored by the Biomass Program of the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy. It is a collaborative effort among the Office of Policy and International Affairs (PI), Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The project consisted of three main components: (1) Assessment of the resource potential for biofuel feedstocks such as sugarcane, grains, soybean, palm oil and lignocellulosic crops and development of supply curves (ORNL). (2) Assessment of the cost and performance of biofuel production technologies (NREL). (3) Scenario-based analysis of world biofuel markets using the ETP global energy model with data developed in the first parts of the study (BNL). This report covers the modeling and analysis part of the project conducted by BNL in cooperation with PI. The Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) energy system model was used as the analytical tool for this study. ETP is a 15 region global model designed using the MARKAL framework. MARKAL-based models are partial equilibrium models that incorporate a description of the physical energy system and provide a bottom-up approach to study the entire energy system. ETP was updated for this study with biomass resource data and biofuel production technology cost and performance data developed by ORNL and NREL under Tasks 1 and 2 of this project. Many countries around the world are embarking on ambitious biofuel policies through renewable fuel standards and economic incentives. As a result, the global biofuel demand is expected to grow very rapidly over the next two decades, provided policymakers stay the course with their policy goals. This project relied on a scenario-based analysis to study global biofuel markets. Scenarios were designed to evaluate the impact of different policy proposals and market conditions. World biofuel supply for selected scenarios is shown in Figure 1. The reference case total biofuel production increases from 12 billion gallons of ethanol equivalent in 2005 to 54 billion gallons in 2020 and 83 billion gallons in 2030. The scenarios analyzed show volumes ranging from 46 to 64 billion gallons in 2020, and from about 72 to about 100 billion gallons in 2030. The highest production worldwide occurs in the scenario with high feedstock availability combined with high oil prices and more rapid improvements in cellulosic biofuel conversion technologies. The lowest global production is found in the scenario with low feedstock availability, low oil prices and slower technology progress.

Alfstad,T.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Utility Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive The Kentucky Economic Development and Finance Authority (KEDFA) provides tax incentives to construct, retrofit, or upgrade an alternative fuel production or gasification facility that uses coal or biomass as a feedstock. Beginning Aug. 1, 2010, tax incentives are also available for energy-efficient alternative fuel production facilities and up to five alternative fuel production facilities that use natural gas or natural gas liquids as a feedstock. Energy-efficient alternative fuels are defined as homogeneous fuels that are produced from processes designed to densify

310

Energy Programs | Biofuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Biofuels Harnessing the power of plants to fuel our future Page 1 of 2 BNL Researcher with corn Finding alternatives to corn-based ethanol is one of the major goals of Brookhaven's biofuels research effort. The effort to identify and tailor new energy sources from plant products could go a long way towards addressing our nation's future energy needs. Plants are efficient energy scavengers, using sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates and other products that fuel every living thing on Earth. When we burn fossil fuels to generate heat or electricity, we tap into this ancient source of energy, locked up long ago by the plants and animals that decayed to form those fuels. But dwindling supplies, high costs, and environmental consequences of fossil fuels, such

311

WHEB Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WHEB Biofuels WHEB Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name WHEB Biofuels Place London, United Kingdom Sector Biofuels Product Ethanol producer that also invests in emerging biofuels production technologies. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

312

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) This is the approved...

313

Isotope production facility produces cancer-fighting actinium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cancer therapy gets a boost from new isotope Isotope production facility produces cancer-fighting actinium A new medical isotope project shows promise for rapidly producing major...

314

Decommissioning of U.S. Uranium Production Facilities  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report analyzes the uranium production facility decommissioning process and its potential impact on uranium supply and prices. 1995 represents the most recent publication year.

Information Center

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels Biofuels July 30, 2013 - 11:38am Addthis Photo of a woman in goggles handling a machine filled with biofuels. Biofuels are liquid or gaseous fuels produced from biomass....

316

International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Biological nitrogen fixation in sugar cane: A key to energetically viable biofuel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advantages of producing biofuels to replace fossil energy sources are derived from the fact that the energy accumulated in the biomass in captured directly from photosynthesis and is thus renewable, and that the cycle of carbon dioxide fixation by the crop, followed by burning of the fuel makes no overall contribution to atmospheric CO{sub 2} or, consequently, to global warming. However, these advantages are negated if large quantities of fossil fuels need to be used to grow or process the biofuel crop. In this regard, the Brazilian bioethanol program, based on the fermentation/distillation of sugar cane juice, is particularly favorable, not only because the crop is principally hand harvested, but also because of the low nitrogen fertilizer use on sugar cane in Brazil. Recent {sup 15}N and N balance studies have shown that in some Brazilian cane varieties, high yields are possible without N fertilization because the plants are able to obtain large contributions of nitrogen from plant-associated biological N{sub 2} fixation (BNF). The N{sub 2}-fixing acid-tolerant bacterium Acetobacter diazotrophicus was first found to occur within roots, stems, and leaves of sugar cane. Subsequently, two species of Herbaspirillum also have been found to occur within the interior of all sugar cane tissues. The discovery of these, and other N{sub 2}-fixing bacteria that survive poorly in soil but thrive within plant tissue (endophytic bacteria), may account for the high BNF contributions observed in sugar cane. Further study of this system should allow the gradual elimination of N fertilizer use on sugar cane, at least in Brazil, and opens up the possibility of the extension of this efficient N{sub 2}-fixing system to cereal and other crops with consequent immense potential benefits to tropical agriculture. 44 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Boddey, R.M. [Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Agrobiologia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Small Power Production Facilities (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facilities (Montana) Facilities (Montana) Small Power Production Facilities (Montana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Interconnection Provider Montana Public Service Commission For the purpose of these regulations, a small power production facility is defined as a facility that: : (a) produces electricity by the use, as a primary energy source, of biomass, waste, water, wind, or other renewable resource, or any combination of those sources; or : (b) produces electricity and useful forms of thermal energy, such as heat

319

Media Framing and Public Attitudes Toward Biofuels Ashlie Delshad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel production target of 5.75% to be achieved by 2010,6 indicating that it might be appropriate current biofuel development targets, and suggests strongly that the latter may be too conservative. 6 The Biofuels Directive, passed in 2003, established a biofuel market share targets of 2% and 5

320

Introduction slide 2 Biofuels and Algae Markets, Systems,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels Targets Federal RFS ­ 36 billion gallons by 2022 21 Billion Gallons from Advanced Biofuels US'S BIODIESEL MARKET OVERVIEW #12;SOURCE - BIODIESEL 2020: A GLOBAL MARKET SURVEY China's Biofuels Targets · 2010 - to increase biofuels production to nearly 4 million MT by 2010 · 2020 - target to replace 15

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biosecurity, biofuels, and biodiversity 291 Laura A Meyerson, Natural Resources Science, University 12 million hectares) to active cultivation of corn for biofuel production threaten to destroy needs through biofuels by 2020, because of concerns that biofuels contribute to decreased global food

Meyerson, Laura A.

322

Utilization of Ash Fractions from Alternative Biofuels used in Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilization of Ash Fractions from Alternative Biofuels used in Power Plants PSO Project No. 6356 July 2008 Renewable Energy and Transport #12;2 Utilization of Ash Fractions from Alternative Biofuels)...............................................................................7 2. Production of Ash Products from Mixed Biofuels

323

Biofuel impacts on water.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors Global Energy Systems team conducted a joint biofuels systems analysis project from March to November 2008. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, implications, limitations, and enablers of large-scale production of biofuels. 90 billion gallons of ethanol (the energy equivalent of approximately 60 billion gallons of gasoline) per year by 2030 was chosen as the book-end target to understand an aggressive deployment. Since previous studies have addressed the potential of biomass but not the supply chain rollout needed to achieve large production targets, the focus of this study was on a comprehensive systems understanding the evolution of the full supply chain and key interdependencies over time. The supply chain components examined in this study included agricultural land use changes, production of biomass feedstocks, storage and transportation of these feedstocks, construction of conversion plants, conversion of feedstocks to ethanol at these plants, transportation of ethanol and blending with gasoline, and distribution to retail outlets. To support this analysis, we developed a 'Seed to Station' system dynamics model (Biofuels Deployment Model - BDM) to explore the feasibility of meeting specified ethanol production targets. The focus of this report is water and its linkage to broad scale biofuel deployment.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at W. Va. Airport August 19, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Major General Allen Tackett of the National Guard's 130th Airlift Wing dispenses the first fill-up of hydrogen fuel from the Yeager facility. Major General Allen Tackett of the National Guard's 130th Airlift Wing dispenses the first fill-up of hydrogen fuel from the Yeager facility. Washington, D.C. -- A hydrogen production and dispensing station constructed and operated with support from the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) was officially opened Monday at the Yeager Airport in Charleston, W.Va. The facility is an example of how domestically produced fuels may be used to power a variety of vehicles

325

Riverland Biofuels LLC formerly Central Illinois Energy Cooperative Inc |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riverland Biofuels LLC formerly Central Illinois Energy Cooperative Inc Riverland Biofuels LLC formerly Central Illinois Energy Cooperative Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Riverland Biofuels LLC (formerly Central Illinois Energy Cooperative Inc) Place Canton, Illinois Zip 61520 Sector Biofuels Product Riverland Biofuels, (formerly Central Illinois Energy) is in process of completing a previously unfinished ethanol production facility to be located in Canton, Illinois. Coordinates 32.55593°, -95.861306° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.55593,"lon":-95.861306,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

326

Algae Biofuels and Future Engineers Kimberley Ogden is UAs principal investigator on a $44million DOE biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Algae Biofuels and Future Engineers Kimberley Ogden is UAs principal investigator on a $44million DOE biofuels project and an NSF-funded STEM educator. The National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels totaling more than $44 million for algal Biofuels And bio products research and development. Kim Ogden

Wong, Pak Kin

327

CPS Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CPS Biofuels CPS Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name CPS Biofuels Place Cary, North Carolina Zip 27513 Sector Biofuels Product R&D company that is developing a new process to produce biofuels from vegetable oils and fats Coordinates 35.78933°, -78.781169° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.78933,"lon":-78.781169,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

328

Solix Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solix Biofuels Solix Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solix Biofuels Name Solix Biofuels Address 430 B. North College Ave Place Fort Collins, Colorado Zip 80524 Sector Biofuels Product Makes biocrude through closed-pond algae bioreactors Website http://www.solixbiofuels.com/ Coordinates 40.5932386°, -105.0766501° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.5932386,"lon":-105.0766501,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

329

Cobalt Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cobalt Biofuels Cobalt Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Cobalt Biofuels Name Cobalt Biofuels Address 500 Clyde Avenue Place Mountain View, California Zip 94043 Sector Biofuels Product Biofutanol and green electricity Year founded 2005 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 650 230 0740 Website http://www.cobaltbiofuels.com/ Coordinates 37.3985482°, -122.0469839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3985482,"lon":-122.0469839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

330

Abundant Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Abundant Biofuels Place Monterey, California Sector Biofuels Product Abundant Biofuels plans to develop biodiesel feedstock plantations, refineries, and distribution channels in one or more Caribbean, Central American, or South American countries. Coordinates 38.413256°, -79.582974° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.413256,"lon":-79.582974,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

331

Biofuels: A Petroleum Industry Perspective  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

9Biofuels, including ethanol are an important resource ... The limits of ethanol If all US corn production was used for ethanol. U.S. Corn Use 2006-2007 Source: USDA.

332

Engineering the Synthesis of Five-Carbon Alcohols from Isopentenyl Diphosphate and Increasing its Production Using an Adaptive Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of microorganisms for biofuel production: from bugs tofor Direct Biofuel Production from Brown Microalgae. Science

Chou, Howard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Biofuels Issues and Trends - Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Full report Biofuels Issues and Trends Release date: October 15, 2012 (updated October 18, 2012 for cellulosic production and October 23, 2012 for RSF2 volume clarification) Highlights Biofuels is a collective term for liquid fuels derived from renewable sources, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable liquid fuels. This report focuses on ethanol and biodiesel, the most widely available biofuels. From 2009 to the middle of 2012, the U.S. biofuels industry increased its output and prepared to meet an expanded Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2),1 which requires increasing volumes of biofuels use. In 2011, the biofuels industry transitioned away from tax incentives for non-cellulosic biofuels, which expired at the end of 2011. Annual ethanol and biodiesel consumption, production, imports, and exports during 2009-11

334

Microwave pyrolysis of distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS) for biofuel production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microwave pyrolysis of distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS) was investigated to determine the effects of pyrolytic conditions on the yields of bio-oil, syngas, and biochar. Pyrolysis process variables included reaction temperature, time, and power input. Microwave pyrolysis of DDGS was analyzed using response surface methodology to ?nd out the effect of process variables on the biofuel (bio-oil and syn- gas) conversion yield and establish prediction models. Bio-oil recovery was in the range of 26.550.3 wt.% of the biomass. Biochar yields were 23.562.2% depending on the pyrolysis conditions. The energy con- tent of DDGS bio-oils was 28 MJ/kg obtained at the 650 oC and 8 min, which was about 66.7% of the heat- ing value of gasoline. GC/MS analysis indicated that the biooil contained a series of important and useful chemical compounds: aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. At least 13% of DDGS bio-oil was the same hydrocarbon compounds found in regular unleaded gasoline.

Lei, Hanwu; Ren, Shoujie; Wang, Lu; Bu, Quan; Julson, James; Holladay, Johnathan E.; Ruan, Roger

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fuel from wastewater : harnessing a potential energy source in Canada through the co-location of algae biofuel production to sources of effluent, heat and CO2.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories is collaborating with the National Research Council (NRC) Canada and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a decision-support model that will evaluate the tradeoffs associated with high-latitude algae biofuel production co-located with wastewater, CO2, and waste heat. This project helps Canada meet its goal of diversifying fuel sources with algae-based biofuels. The biofuel production will provide a wide range of benefits including wastewater treatment, CO2 reuse and reduction of demand for fossil-based fuels. The higher energy density in algae-based fuels gives them an advantage over crop-based biofuels as the 'production' footprint required is much less, resulting in less water consumed and little, if any conversion of agricultural land from food to fuel production. Besides being a potential source for liquid fuel, algae have the potential to be used to generate electricity through the burning of dried biomass, or anaerobically digested to generate methane for electricity production. Co-locating algae production with waste streams may be crucial for making algae an economically valuable fuel source, and will certainly improve its overall ecological sustainability. The modeling process will address these questions, and others that are important to the use of water for energy production: What are the locations where all resources are co-located, and what volumes of algal biomass and oil can be produced there? In locations where co-location does not occur, what resources should be transported, and how far, while maintaining economic viability? This work is being funded through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Biomass Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, and is part of a larger collaborative effort that includes sampling, strain isolation, strain characterization and cultivation being performed by the NREL and Canada's NRC. Results from the NREL / NRC collaboration including specific productivities of selected algal strains will eventually be incorporated into this model.

Passell, Howard David; Whalen, Jake (SmartWhale Consulting, Dartmouth, NS, CA); Pienkos, Philip P. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); O'Leary, Stephen J. (National Research Council Canada, Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax, NS, CA); Roach, Jesse Dillon; Moreland, Barbara D.; Klise, Geoffrey Taylor

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Facility Stowe Power Production Plant Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Montgomery County, Pennsylvania Coordinates 40.2290075°, -75.3878525° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.2290075,"lon":-75.3878525,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

337

Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18-673389 Keywords: cassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolicRecently, cassava-derived bioethanol production has beenbenefits compared to other bioethanol- producing crops in

Jansson, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Certification and Regulation of Trade in Biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The recent increase in biofuel production and trade has raised concerns about environmental and other impacts, and has prompted some governments to initiate measures to (more)

Thomson, Vivien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Harvesting microalgae for biofuel : processes and mechanisms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The application of microalgae for biofuel production is a subject of increasing interest as fuel prices continue to fluctuate and the United States aims to (more)

Osborne, Allison Lenore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Downstream processing of microalgal biomass for biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis documents the work carried out investigating the downstream processing of algal biomass for biofuel production. A life cycle assessment was conducted on a (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Agriculture - Sustainable biofuels Redux  

SciTech Connect

Last May's passage of the 2008 Farm Bill raises the stakes for biofuel sustainability: A substantial subsidy for the production of cellulosic ethanol starts the United States again down a path with uncertain environmental consequences. This time, however, the subsidy is for both the refiners ($1.01 per gallon) and the growers ($45 per ton of biomass), which will rapidly accelerate adoption and place hard-to-manage pressures on efforts to design and implement sustainable production practices - as will a 2007 legislative mandate for 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol per year by 2022. Similar directives elsewhere, e.g., the European Union's mandate that 10% of all transport fuel in Europe be from renewable sources by 2020, make this a global issue. The European Union's current reconsideration of this target places even more emphasis on cellulosic feedstocks (1). The need for knowledge- and science-based policy is urgent. Biofuel sustainability has environmental, economic, and social facets that all interconnect. Tradeoffs among them vary widely by types of fuels and where they are grown and, thus, need to be explicitly considered by using a framework that allows the outcomes of alternative systems to be consistently evaluated and compared. A cellulosic biofuels industry could have many positive social and environmental attributes, but it could also suffer from many of the sustainability issues that hobble grain-based biofuels, if not implemented the right way.

Robertson, G. Phillip [W.K. Kellogg Biological Station and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Doering, Otto C. [Purdue University; Hamburg, Steven P [Brown University; Melillo, Jerry M [ORNL; Wander, Michele M [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Parton, William [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the U.S. corn ethanol production targeted by production capacity, corn ethanol plants use enough 2006). An average corn ethanol plant consumes about

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Cost estimate for muddy water palladium production facility at Mound  

SciTech Connect

An economic feasibility study was performed on the ''Muddy Water'' low-chlorine content palladium powder production process developed by Mound. The total capital investment and total operating costs (dollars per gram) were determined for production batch sizes of 1--10 kg in 1-kg increments. The report includes a brief description of the Muddy Water process, the process flow diagram, and material balances for the various production batch sizes. Two types of facilities were evaluated--one for production of new, ''virgin'' palladium powder, and one for recycling existing material. The total capital investment for virgin facilities ranged from $600,000 --$1.3 million for production batch sizes of 1--10 kg, respectively. The range for recycle facilities was $1--$2.3 million. The total operating cost for 100% acceptable powder production in the virgin facilities ranged from $23 per gram for a 1-kg production batch size to $8 per gram for a 10-kg batch size. Similarly for recycle facilities, the total operating cost ranged from $34 per gram to $5 per gram. The total operating cost versus product acceptability (ranging from 50%--100% acceptability) was also evaluated for both virgin and recycle facilities. Because production sizes studied vary widely and because scale-up factors are unknown for batch sizes greater than 1 kg, all costs are ''order-of-magnitude'' estimates. All costs reported are in 1987 dollars.

McAdams, R.K.

1988-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Predicting Agricultural Management Influence on Long-Term Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics: Implications for Biofuel Production  

SciTech Connect

Long-term field experiments (LTE) are ideal for predicting the influence of agricultural management on soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics and examining biofuel crop residue removal policy questions. Our objectives were (i) to simulate SOC dynamics in LTE soils under various climates, crop rotations, fertilizer or organic amendments, and crop residue managements using the CQESTR model and (ii) to predict the potential of no-tillage (NT) management to maintain SOC stocks while removing crop residue. Classical LTEs at Champaign, IL (1876), Columbia, MO (1888), Lethbridge, AB (1911), Breton, AB (1930), and Pendleton, OR (1931) were selected for their documented history of management practice and periodic soil organic matter (SOM) measurements. Management practices ranged from monoculture to 2- or 3-yr crop rotations, manure, no fertilizer or fertilizer additions, and crop residue returned, burned, or harvested. Measured and CQESTR predicted SOC stocks under diverse agronomic practices, mean annual temperature (2.1 19 C), precipitation (402 973 mm), and SOC (5.89 33.58 g SOC kg 1) at the LTE sites were significantly related (r 2 = 0.94, n = 186, P < 0.0001) with a slope not significantly different than 1. The simulation results indicated that the quantities of crop residue that can be sustainably harvested without jeopardizing SOC stocks were influenced by initial SOC stocks, crop rotation intensity, tillage practices, crop yield, and climate. Manure or a cover crop/intensified crop rotation under NT are options to mitigate loss of crop residue C, as using fertilizer alone is insufficient to overcome residue removal impact on SOC stocks

Gollany, H. T. [USDA ARS; Rickman, R. W. [USDA ARS; Albrecht, S. L. [USDA ARS; Liang, Y. [University of Arkansas; Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Machado, S. [Oregon State University, Corvallis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioethanol production has become more competitive by combining cellulose saccharification and fermentation (

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Accelerating Commercialization of Algal Biofuels Through Partnerships (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This brochure describes National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) algal biofuels research capabilities and partnership opportunities. NREL is accelerating algal biofuels commercialization through: (1) Advances in applied biology; (2) Algal strain development; (3) Development of fuel conversion pathways; (4) Techno-economic analysis; and (5) Development of high-throughput lipid analysis methodologies. NREL scientists and engineers are addressing challenges across the algal biofuels value chain, including algal biology, cultivation, harvesting and extraction, and fuel conversion. Through partnerships, NREL can share knowledge and capabilities in the following areas: (1) Algal Biology - A fundamental understanding of algal biology is key to developing cost-effective algal biofuels processes. NREL scientists are experts in the isolation and characterization of microalgal species. They are identifying genes and pathways involved in biofuel production. In addition, they have developed a high-throughput, non-destructive technique for assessing lipid production in microalgae. (2) Cultivation - NREL researchers study algal growth capabilities and perform compositional analysis of algal biomass. Laboratory-scale photobioreactors and 1-m2 open raceway ponds in an on-site greenhouse allow for year-round cultivation of algae under a variety of conditions. A bioenergy-focused algal strain collection is being established at NREL, and our laboratory houses a cryopreservation system for long-term maintenance of algal cultures and preservation of intellectual property. (3) Harvesting and Extraction - NREL is investigating cost-effective harvesting and extraction methods suitable for a variety of species and conditions. Areas of expertise include cell wall analysis and deconstruction and identification and utilization of co-products. (4) Fuel Conversion - NREL's excellent capabilities and facilities for biochemical and thermochemical conversion of biomass to biofuels are being applied to algal biofuels processes. Analysts are also testing algal fuel properties to measure energy content and ensure compatibility with existing fueling infrastructure. (5) Cross-Cutting Analysis - NREL scientists and engineers are conducting rigorous techno-economic analyses of algal biofuels processes. In addition, they are performing a full life cycle assessment of the entire algae-to-biofuels process.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Verde Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Inc Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Verde Biofuels Inc Place Fountain Inn, South Carolina Product The company is a biodiesel producer and distributor. References Verde Biofuels Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Verde Biofuels Inc is a company located in Fountain Inn, South Carolina . References ↑ "Verde Biofuels Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Verde_Biofuels_Inc&oldid=352788" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

348

Central Texas Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels LLC Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Central Texas Biofuels LLC Place Giddings, Texas Zip 78942 Product Biodiesel producer in Giddings, Texas. References Central Texas Biofuels LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Central Texas Biofuels LLC is a company located in Giddings, Texas . References ↑ "Central Texas Biofuels LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Texas_Biofuels_LLC&oldid=343385" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

349

Flambeau River Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flambeau River Biofuels Flambeau River Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Flambeau River Biofuels Place Park Falls, Wisconsin Sector Biomass Product A subsidiary of Flambeau River Papers LLC that plans to develop a Fischer Tropsch diesel project in Park Falls, Wisconsin that will process residual wood biomass from forest and agricultural sources. References Flambeau River Biofuels[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Flambeau River Biofuels is a company located in Park Falls, Wisconsin . References ↑ "Flambeau River Biofuels" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Flambeau_River_Biofuels&oldid=345407" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

350

Sustainable Liquid Biofuels in New Zealand: Can Sustainability Standards Help Distinguish the Good from the Bad?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Concerns surrounding the environmental and social impacts of biofuel production have led to the rapid development of biofuel sustainability assessment schemes internationally. The New Zealand (more)

Grimmer, Natalie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Welfare effects of biofuel policies in the presence of environmental externalities and pre-existing distortions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Policy intervention in the biofuel market has led to a significant increase in biofuel production and use in the past several years. However, the welfare (more)

Lasco, Marie Christine D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

AE Biofuels Inc formerly Marwich II Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AE Biofuels Inc formerly Marwich II Ltd AE Biofuels Inc formerly Marwich II Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly Marwich II Ltd.) Place West Palm Beach, Florida Zip 33414 Sector Biofuels Product Marwich II, Ltd. (OTC.BB: MWII.OB) merged in December 2007 with AE Biofuels, Inc., formerly American Ethanol. Subsequently Marwich II, Ltd. has changed its name to AE Biofuels (OTC: AEBF). References AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly Marwich II Ltd.)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly Marwich II Ltd.) is a company located in West Palm Beach, Florida . References ↑ "[ AE Biofuels Inc. (formerly Marwich II Ltd.)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AE_Biofuels_Inc_formerly_Marwich_II_Ltd&oldid=341812"

353

Transformation of Sorbitol to Biofuels by Heterogeneous Catalysis: Chemical and Industrial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation of Sorbitol to Biofuels by Heterogeneous Catalysis: Chemical and Industrial ainsi que des exemples d'applications industrielles. Abstract -- Transformation of Sorbitol to Biofuels and biodiesel production led to first generation biofuels. Nowadays, research is focused on lignocellulosic

Recanati, Catherine

354

Making Photosynthetic Biofuel Renewable: Recovering Phosphorus from Residual Biomass J. M. Gifford and P. Westerhoff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making Photosynthetic Biofuel Renewable: Recovering Phosphorus from Residual Biomass J. M. Gifford to global warming. Biofuel from phototrophic microbes like algae and bacteria provides a viable substitute improves biofuel sustainability by refining phosphorus recycling. Biomass Production Residual Biomass

Hall, Sharon J.

355

Life of Sugar: Developing Lifecycle Methods to Evaluate the Energy and Environmental Impacts of Sugarcane Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

75 My View on the use of Biofuels in Low Carbon FuelCLCAs of Byproduct-based Biofuels . . . . . . . 49 5 FullLCA GHG Emissions of Biofuels using various Co-product

Gopal, Anand Raja

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Taking Cues from Nature to Develop Better Biofuel Catalysts ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Taking Cues from Nature to Develop Better Biofuel Catalysts August 27, 2013 Printer-friendly version Scientists working at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) are...

357

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biofuels: A Framework for Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion) - GHG Emissions - Biodiversity Biofuel Production Inputs Export Animal Feed Other (chemicals,

Kammen, Daniel M.; Farrell, Alexander E; Plevin, Richard J; Jones, Andrew; Nemet, Gregory F; Delucchi, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility | National Nuclear Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility Hanford, WA Selected as Plutonium Production Facility January 16, 1943 Hanford, WA

359

KCP celebrates production milestone at new facility | National Nuclear  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

celebrates production milestone at new facility | National Nuclear celebrates production milestone at new facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > KCP celebrates production milestone at new facility KCP celebrates production milestone at new facility Posted By Office of Public Affairs The Kansas City Plant celebrated yet another milestone at the National

360

Improving energy efficiency in a pharmaceutical manufacturing environment -- production facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The manufacturing plant of a pharmaceutical company in Singapore had low energy efficiency in both its office buildings and production facilities. Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system was identified to ...

Zhang, Endong, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Predicting the adsorption of second generation biofuels by polymeric resins with applications for in situ product recovery (ISPR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The application of hydrophobic polymeric resins as solid-phase adsorbent materials for the recovery and purification of prospective second generation biofuel compounds, including ethanol, iso-propanol, n-propanol, iso-butanol, ...

Nielsen, David R.

362

Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility Cancer-fighting treatment gets boost from Isotope Production Facility New capability expands existing program, creates treatment product in quantity. April 13, 2012 Medical Isotope Work Moves Cancer Treatment Agent Forward Medical Isotope Work Moves Cancer Treatment Agent Forward - Los Alamos scientist Meiring Nortier holds a thorium foil test target for the proof-of-concept production experiments. Research indicates that it will be possible to match current annual, worldwide production of Ac-225 in just two to five days of operations using the accelerator at Los Alamos and analogous facilities at Brookhaven. Alpha particles are energetic enough to destroy cancer cells but are unlikely to move beyond a tightly controlled target region and destroy

363

Evaluation of Microbial Communities from Extreme Environments as Inocula in a Carboxylate Platform for Biofuel Production from Cellulosic Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The carboxylate biofuels platform (CBP) involves the conversion of cellulosic biomass into carboxylate salts by a mixed microbial community. Chemical engineering approaches to convert these salts to a variety of fuels (diesel, gasoline, jet fuel) are well established. However, prior to initiation of this project, little was known about the influence of inoculum source on platform performance. The studies in this dissertation test the hypothesis that microbial communities from particular environments in nature (e.g. saline and/or thermal sediments) are pre-adapted to similar industrial process conditions and, therefore, exhibit superior performances. We screened an extensive collection of sediment samples from extreme environments across a wide geographic range to identify and characterize microbial communities with superior performances in the CBP. I sought to identify aspects of soil chemistry associated with superior CBP fermentation performance. We showed that CBP productivity was influenced by both fermentation conditions and inocula, thus is clearly reasonable to expect both can be optimized to target desired outcomes. Also, we learned that fermentation performance is not as simple as finding one soil parameter that leads to increases in all performance parameters. Rather, there are complex multivariate relationships that are likely indicative of trade-offs associated within the microbial communities. An analysis of targeted locus pyrosequence data for communities with superior performances in the fermentations provides clear associations between particular bacterial taxa and particular performance parameters. Further, I compared microbial community compositions across three different process screen technologies employed in research to understand and optimize CBP fermentations. Finally, we assembled and characterized an isolate library generated from a systematic culture approach. Based on partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing, I estimated operational taxonomic units (OTUs), and inferred a phylogeny of the OTUs. This isolate library will serve as a tool for future studies of assembled communities and bacterial adaptations useful within the CBP fermentations. Taken together the tools and results developed in this dissertation provide for refined hypotheses for optimizing inoculum identification, community composition, and process conditions for this important second generation biofuel platform.

Cope, Julia Lee

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some conventional petroleum sources. The majority of fossil energy sources such as petroleum, coal, and petroleum production varies greatly, mostly due to differences in the source

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioprocessing for bioethanol production using Saccharomycesconversion to bioethanol in a single bioreactor by b) a CBPof lignocellulose to bioethanol refers to the combining of

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Cost structures and life cycle impacts of algal biomass and biofuel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Development and extraction of energy sources, energy production and energy use have huge economic, environmental and geopolitical impacts. Increasing energy demands in tandem with reductions (more)

Christiansen, Katrina Lea

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Pyrolysis of biomass and biorefinery residual materials for production of advanced biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The work carried out throughout this project has helped to further advance the area of biomass pyrolysis for the production of bio-oil. During the early (more)

Melligan, Fergus J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORTATION Global Potential and Implications for Sustainable Agriculture (Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme); Weber Amaral (Brazilian Biofuels Programme); Robert Anex (Iowa State University); Eliana Antoneli (Brazilian Biofuels Programme); Daniel Aronson (Petrobras

Bensel, Terrence G.

369

Lifecycle Analyses of Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balances for a Range of Biofuel Options, Project Number8. F UELCYCLE EMISSIONS FOR BIOFUEL VEHICLES IN DIFFERENTch. and LEM % ch. For a few biofuel lifecycles there can be

Delucchi, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A GIS COST MODEL TO ASSESS THE AVAILABILITY OF FRESHWATER, SEAWATER, AND SALINE GROUNDWATER FOR ALGAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES  

SciTech Connect

A key advantage of using microalgae for biofuel production is the ability of some algal strains to thrive in waters unsuitable for conventional crop irrigation such as saline groundwater or seawater. Nonetheless, the availability of sustainable water supplies will provide significant challenges for scale-up and development of algal biofuels. We conduct a limited techno-economic assessment based on the availability of freshwater, saline groundwater, and seawater for use in open pond algae cultivation systems. We explore water issues through GIS-based models of algae biofuel production, freshwater supply, and cost models for supplying seawater and saline groundwater. We estimate that combined, within the coterminous US these resources can support production on the order of 9.46E+7 m3 yr-1 (25 billion gallons yr-1) of renewable biodiesel. Achievement of larger targets requires the utilization of less water efficient sites and relatively expensive saline waters. Geographically, water availability is most favorable for the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and Florida peninsula, where evaporation relative to precipitation is moderate and various saline waters are economically available. As a whole, barren and scrub lands of the southwestern US have limited freshwater supplies so accurate assessment of alternative waters is critical.

Venteris, Erik R.; Skaggs, Richard; Coleman, Andre M.; Wigmosta, Mark S.

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit Zero-Emission Facilities Production Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Maximum Rebate Not specified Program Info Start Date 01/01/03 Expiration Date 12/31/2020 State Oklahoma Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount 0.0025/kWh - 0.0075/kWh for 10 years; amount varies depending on when the facility is placed in operation and when electricity is generated. Provider Oklahoma Department of Commerce '''''Note: No credits will be paid during 2011 for electricity produced from July 1, 2010 - June 30, 2011. But any credits that accrue during that time period will be paid during the 2012 tax year.''''' For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2003, a state income tax

372

NETL: News Release - Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at West Virginia Airport Hydrogen Production and Dispensing Facility Opens at West Virginia Airport Station Provides Transportation Fuel from Domestic Resources for Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles Washington, D.C. - A hydrogen production and dispensing station constructed and operated with support from the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) was officially opened Monday at the Yeager Airport in Charleston, W.Va. The facility is an example of how domestically produced fuels may be used to power a variety of vehicles and equipment, lessening U.S. dependence on foreign oil. The facility will produce, compress, store and dispense hydrogen as a fuel source for vehicles that have been converted to run on hydrogen, as well as other types of ground equipment at the airport.

373

Biofuels Information at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Improved Reaction Data Heat Up the Biofuels Harvest (10/15/2012). New NIST Method Accelerates Stability Testing of Soy-Based Biofuel (10/15 ...

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

374

US Biofuels Quality Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... US Biofuels Quality Update Teresa L. Alleman ... 4 Biodiesel Station Locations Biodiesel is an advanced biofuel under RFS and is sold everywhere ...

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

375

Thermophysical Properties of Biofuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The thermophysical properties of biofuels are required for the efficient design of every ... into the databases will be the modeling of biofuel blends and ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production of crude oil in the U.S. is 3.2 gal HCrude Oil, Natural Gas, and Coal Bed Methane, prepared by Argonne National Laboratory for the US from U.S. crude Gasoline from Canada oil sand

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Consolidated Bio-Processing of Cellulosic Biomass for Efficient Biofuel Production Using Yeast Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of cellulosic biomass: an update. Curr.Opin.Biotechnol.16:Stokes, and D. C. Erbach. 2005. Biomass as a feedstock for a2002. Energy production from biomass (part 1): overview of

Goyal, Garima

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

SG Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name SG Biofuels Address 132. N. El Camino Real Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Sector Biofuels Product Specializes in cultivating and processing Jatropha (a shrub) to produce biodiesel, energy, and bioplastics Website http://www.sgfuel.com/ Coordinates 33.0468773°, -117.2596637° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0468773,"lon":-117.2596637,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

379

Acciona Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acciona Biofuels Acciona Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Acciona Biofuels Place Pamplona, Spain Zip 31002 Product A subsidiary of Acciona Energia, that specialises in the technological development of biofuel technology and power plants. Coordinates 42.81275°, -1.643754° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.81275,"lon":-1.643754,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

380

Propel Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Propel Biofuels Propel Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Propel Biofuels Address 4444 Woodland Park Ave North Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biofuels Product Sells biodiesel and E85 ethanol blends Website http://www.propelfuels.com/con Coordinates 47.6606589°, -122.344595° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6606589,"lon":-122.344595,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Biofuels in the European Union : Analysis of the Development of the Common Biofuels Policy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biofuels are increasingly being promoted as substitute fuels in the transport sector. Many countries are establishing support measures for the production and use of such (more)

Haugsb, Miriam Sgnen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Methodology for assessment of biofuel resources in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is described for assessing the potential of biofuel production and utilization in developing countries. The approach combines biomass resource assessment to identify appropriate biofuel options for developing countries. 4 references.

Harper, J.P.; Antonopolous, A.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tomorrow BioFuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Place Cranston, Rhode Island Zip 2921 Product...

384

Progress Report GCEP Project : "Synthesis of Biofuels on Bioelectrodes"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Progress Report GCEP Project : "Synthesis of Biofuels on Bioelectrodes" Dr. Alfred M. Spormann on microbial CO2 fixation and biofuel production at cathodes in modified fuel cells by naturally occurring, and organisms, but requires the engineering of novel pathways and communities for the production of biofuels

Nur, Amos

385

Emissions from small-scale energy production using co-combustion of biofuel and the dry fraction of household waste  

SciTech Connect

In sparsely populated rural areas, recycling of household waste might not always be the most environmentally advantageous solution due to the total amount of transport involved. In this study, an alternative approach to recycling has been tested using efficient small-scale biofuel boilers for co-combustion of biofuel and high-energy waste. The dry combustible fraction of source-sorted household waste was mixed with the energy crop reed canary-grass (Phalaris Arundinacea L.), and combusted in both a 5-kW pilot scale reactor and a biofuel boiler with 140-180 kW output capacity, in the form of pellets and briquettes, respectively. The chlorine content of the waste fraction was 0.2%, most of which originated from plastics. The HCl emissions exceeded levels stipulated in new EU-directives, but levels of equal magnitude were also generated from combustion of the pure biofuel. Addition of waste to the biofuel did not give any apparent increase in emissions of organic compounds. Dioxin levels were close to stipulated limits. With further refinement of combustion equipment, small-scale co-combustion systems have the potential to comply with emission regulations.

Hedman, Bjoern [Chemistry Department, Environmental Chemistry, Umeaa University, SE-901 87 Umeaa (Sweden)]. E-mail: bjorn.hedman@chem.umu.se; Burvall, Jan [Unit for Biomass Technology and Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 4097, SE-904 03 Umeaa (Sweden); Nilsson, Calle [NBC Defence, NBC Analysis, The Swedish Defence Research Agency, SE-901 82 Umeaa (Sweden); Marklund, Stellan [Chemistry Department, Environmental Chemistry, Umeaa University, SE-901 87 Umeaa (Sweden)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Biofuels and certification. A workshop at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. Summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Liquid biofuels can provide a substitute for fossil fuels in the transportation sector. Many countries have mandated the use of biofuels, by creating targets for their use. If not implemented with care, however, actions that increase biofuel production can put upward pressure on food prices, increase greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and exacerbate degradation of land, forest, and water sources. A strong global biofuels industry will not emerge unless these environmental and social concerns are addressed. Interested parties around the world are actively debating the design and implementation of policies to meet the biofuel goals, particularly those established in the United States and Europe. In general, policy options for managing the potential risks and benefits of biofuel development should specify not only clear standards governing biofuel content and production processes, but also certification processes for verifying whether particular biofuels meet those standards, and specific metrics or indicators on which to base the certification. Historically, many standards in the energy and environment fields have ultimately been set or supported by governments. Many of the certification processes have been voluntary, carried out by independent third parties. The biofuels case is a young one, however, with questions of goals, standards, certification, and metrics still in interdependent flux. The workshop focused its discussions on certification issues, but found the discussions naturally reaching into ongoing debates regarding possible goals, standards, and metrics. Many countries are proposing that for a biofuel to qualify as contributing to government-mandated targets or goals, it must be certified to meet certain standards. These standards could be limited to the amount of GHG emitted in the production process or could include a number of other environmental sustainability concerns ranging from deforestation and biodiversity to water resources. While the threat to both forests and food supplies from increased biofuel production is real, it is not clear that setting broad sustainability standards and then requiring sellers to certify that all of those standards have been met is the best way to address these interconnected problems. In particular, if too many standards and related certification requirements are put in place too soon, this could constrain the development of a global biofuels market. In contrast, certification targeted at a specific and limited set of problems and designed with the flexibility to adjust to changes in policies and programs can enhance the public's acceptance of the biofuel option while protecting key social and environmental goals. A second set of questions revolves around the locus of responsibility for certifying whether biofuel production meets sustainability targets. Should the biofuel processing firms, third parties, or governments be responsible for certifying the production of biofuels? This question also elicited significant discussion. While it could be easier to have individual country governments assume the certification of production responsibility, some governments may not have the capacity to implement an effective certification process. Production facilities that comply with international standards should not be kept out of the market because of their government's inability to manage the process. The possible contribution to effective certification of third party organizations or public-private partnerships should not be underestimated.

Devereaux, Charan; Lee, Henry

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The Future of Biofuels: An Economic Analysis of the Design and Operation of a Microalgae Facility in Texas and the Southwestern United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world of energy is changing. With rising energy costs and concerns over the supply of energy materials, more research is being conducted into alternative sources of fuel and microalgae is one of the sources being researched, although much research had been conducted on it as a part of the Aquatic Species Program from the 1970s to the early 1990s. With the emergence of microalgae as a source of alternative energy, the need for an economic analysis of microalgae has arisen. This research studies the economic feasibility of the design and operation of a microalgae production facility in two Texas locations (Pecos and Corpus Christi) and in southeastern New Mexico using a stochastic simulation model. It examines the production levels needed for the facility to be profitable and also some facility designs necessary for that profitability. It also measures several annual financial indicators so that potential investors have some estimates of the future profitability of the microalgae industry. The results show that for microalgae to become a viable commercial operation, production must be improved beyond the current levels and the levels suggested by the literature. Production needs to be at least 0.8 g/L/day with 40 percent oil content and 24 inches of water depth. Production must be improved through increasing growth rates and oil contents at greater water depths. Production can be improved through nutrient and carbon dioxide usage, two elements that are being heavily researched. Water usage will become a major focus because of the limited resources and the quantities necessary to operate a commercial-scale facility. With the necessary improvements in technology and research, microalgae could prove to be a viable source of alternative energy.

Allison, Marc S.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

LIQUID BIO-FUEL PRODUCTION FROM NON-FOOD BIOMASS VIA HIGH TEMPERATURE STEAM ELECTROLYSIS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bio-Syntrolysis is a hybrid energy process that enables production of synthetic liquid fuels that are compatible with the existing conventional liquid transportation fuels infrastructure. Using biomass as a renewable carbon source, and supplemental hydrogen from high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE), bio-syntrolysis has the potential to provide a significant alternative petroleum source that could reduce US dependence on imported oil. Combining hydrogen from HTSE with CO from an oxygen-blown biomass gasifier yields syngas to be used as a feedstock for synthesis of liquid transportation fuels via a Fischer-Tropsch process. Conversion of syngas to liquid hydrocarbon fuels, using a biomass-based carbon source, expands the application of renewable energy beyond the grid to include transportation fuels. It can also contribute to grid stability associated with non-dispatchable power generation. The use of supplemental hydrogen from HTSE enables greater than 90% utilization of the biomass carbon content which is about 2.5 times higher than carbon utilization associated with traditional cellulosic ethanol production. If the electrical power source needed for HTSE is based on nuclear or renewable energy, the process is carbon neutral. INL has demonstrated improved biomass processing prior to gasification. Recyclable biomass in the form of crop residue or energy crops would serve as the feedstock for this process. A process model of syngas production using high temperature electrolysis and biomass gasification is presented. Process heat from the biomass gasifier is used to heat steam for the hydrogen production via the high temperature steam electrolysis process. Oxygen produced form the electrolysis process is used to control the oxidation rate in the oxygen-blown biomass gasifier. Based on the gasifier temperature, 94% to 95% of the carbon in the biomass becomes carbon monoxide in the syngas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen). Assuming the thermal efficiency of the power cycle for electricity generation is 50%, (as expected from GEN IV nuclear reactors), the syngas production efficiency ranges from 70% to 73% as the gasifier temperature decreases from 1900 K to 1500 K. Parametric studies of system pressure, biomass moisture content and low temperature alkaline electrolysis are also presented.

G. L. Hawkes; J. E. O'Brien; M. G. McKellar

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Technology Roadmap - Biofuels for Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Roadmap - Biofuels for Transport Technology Roadmap - Biofuels for Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Technology Roadmap - Biofuels for Transport Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.iea.org/papers/2011/EV_PHEV_Roadmap.pdf This roadmap identifies technology goals and defines key actions that stakeholders must undertake to expand biofuel production and use sustainably. It provides additional focus and urgency to international discussions about the importance of biofuels to a low CO2 future. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Technology_Roadmap_-_Biofuels_for_Transport&oldid=515032"

390

U.S. Plutonium "Pit" Production: Additional Facilities, Production  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

robust technical confidence in U.S. pits and primaries, and these many 7 alternatives to production, and the costs and risks discussed below, further pit production for the...

391

FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation July 2, 2012 - 10:00am Addthis As part of the Obama Administration's commitments to an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy to develop every source of American energy and reduce our reliance on imported oil, the Energy Department is working to catalyze breakthroughs in innovative biofuel technologies and advance biofuels production at refineries across the country. Rather than sending $1 billion each day overseas for oil imports, we can invest in a growing domestic clean energy economy here in the U.S. At the Energy Department, we are taking a number of steps to develop the next generation of biofuels that can help reduce our dependence on foreign oil, create jobs, support

392

International Coastal Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coastal Biofuels Coastal Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name International Coastal Biofuels Place Tazewell, Virginia Zip 24651 Sector Biofuels Product International Coastal Biofuels is a development stage biofuels company that has proposed a biodiesel plant for Wilmington, North Carolina and is currently in negotiations for a second site in South Carolina. Coordinates 37.116177°, -81.518678° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.116177,"lon":-81.518678,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

393

FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation FACTSHEET: Energy Department Investments in Biofuels Innovation July 2, 2012 - 10:00am Addthis As part of the Obama Administration's commitments to an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy to develop every source of American energy and reduce our reliance on imported oil, the Energy Department is working to catalyze breakthroughs in innovative biofuel technologies and advance biofuels production at refineries across the country. Rather than sending $1 billion each day overseas for oil imports, we can invest in a growing domestic clean energy economy here in the U.S. At the Energy Department, we are taking a number of steps to develop the next generation of biofuels that can help reduce our dependence on foreign oil, create jobs, support

394

Biofuel Industries Group LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industries Group LLC Industries Group LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuel Industries Group LLC Place Adrian, Michigan Zip 49221 Product Biofuel Industries Group, LLC owns and operates the NextDiesel biodiesel plant in Adrian, Michigan. References Biofuel Industries Group LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Biofuel Industries Group LLC is a company located in Adrian, Michigan . References ↑ "Biofuel Industries Group LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Biofuel_Industries_Group_LLC&oldid=342814" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

395

Biosynthesis of hydroxycinnamate conjugates: Implications for sustainable biomass and biofuel production  

SciTech Connect

Hydroxycinnamic acids constitute a large class of phenylpropanoid metabolites that are distributed ubiquitously in terrestrial plants. They occur most frequently as esters, amides or glycosides within the cytosol, the particular subcellular compartments such as the vacuole or the cell wall. Hydroxycinnamate conjugates play a vital role in the plant's growth and development and in its defense responses against biotic- and abiotic-stresses. Furthermore, the incorporation of hydroxycinnamate conjugates into the cell wall is a major factor attenuating the wall's biodegradability. Understanding the biosyntheses of hydroxycinnamate conjugates and its molecular regulation may well facilitate the sustainable production of cell wall biomass, and the efficient conversion of lignocellulosic materials. This paper reviews our current molecular and biochemical understandings on the formation of several classes of hydroxycinnamate esters and amides, including the soluble conjugates and the 'wall-bound' phenolics. It also discusses the emerging biotechnological applications in manipulating hydroxycinnamates to improve the degradability of the cell wall biomass and enhance the production of valuable chemicals and biomaterials.

Liu C. J.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels Biofuels Biofuels America is the largest biofuels producer in the world -- accounting for 48 percent of global output. Learn how the Energy Department is investing in projects that address critical barriers to continued growth. America is the largest biofuels producer in the world -- accounting for 48 percent of global output. Learn how the Energy Department is investing in projects that address critical barriers to continued growth. Learn how the Energy Department is supporting research into biofuels, which could help improve our environment, grow our economy and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Featured Secretary Moniz: Biofuels Important to America's Energy Future Watch the video of Secretary Moniz speaking about the importance of

397

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel suggests that infrastructure development was not a major limitation. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has

398

Woods Institute for the Environment 429 Arguello Way, Encina Modular C Stanford, CA 94305 http://environment.stanford.edu/ideas/biofuels.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· http://environment.stanford.edu/ideas/biofuels.html The Impacts of Large-Scale Biofuel Use on Climate models (LCAs) of biofuels attempt to capture all of the GHG emissions associated with a fuel from sources facility; the conversion of the feedstock to a finished biofuel; the distribution of the finished biofuel

Nur, Amos

399

Assessing Habitat for Avian Species in Assessing Habitat for Avian Species in an Integrated Forage/Biofuels an Integrated Forage/Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an Integrated Forage/Biofuels an Integrated Forage/Biofuels Management System Management System in the Midin NWSG mixes beneficial to forage, biofuels production, and wildlife habitatp , 3. identify wildlife habitat benefits associated with varying forage and biofuels management strategies 4. identify optimum

Gray, Matthew

400

SEE ALSO SIDEBARS: RECOURCES SOLARRESOURCES BIOMASS & BIOFUELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

373 SEE ALSO SIDEBARS: RECOURCES · SOLARRESOURCES · BIOMASS & BIOFUELS Engineered and Artificial Biomass remains a key energy source for several billion people living in developing countries, and the production of liquid biofuels for transportation is growing rapidly. However, both traditional biomass energy

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Modifications of the metabolic pathways of lipid and triglyceride production in microalgae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as feedstocks for biofuel production: perspectives andmore useful for biofuel production. Our discussion rangesbene- fits for future biofuel production. Algae, the worlds

Yu, Wei-Luen; Ansari, William; Schoepp, Nathan G; Hannon, Michael J; Mayfield, Stephen P; Burkart, Michael D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

FULLY FUNDED DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BIOFUELS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FULLY FUNDED DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BIOFUELS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP AT PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY Position Description The overall project objective is to utilize marine microalgae for biofuels production (i.e., lipids for biodiesel or jet biofuel). The student will set up a series of photobioreactors

403

Nottingham Business School Biofuels Market and Policy Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nottingham Business School Biofuels Market and Policy Governance The last decade has seen a dramatic growth in the global production and consumption of biofuels, as a rapidly- rising number triggered growing concerns about the downsides from different types of biofuel. This, in turn, presents

Evans, Paul

404

Lignocellulosic Biofuels from New Bioenergy Crops Federal Initiative Accomplishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic Biofuels from New Bioenergy Crops Federal Initiative Accomplishments 2009 Lead lignocellulosic "drop-in" biofuels. "Drop-in" means they are compatible with the existing petroleum refining and distribution infrastructure. With this project Texas can become a leader in biofuels production

405

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel derived from Microalgae Corn-based Ethanol #12;Outline · Production processes for each source of biofuel · Potential for environmental impacts · Comparative results · Conclusions #12;Definitions Biofuel: clean fuel made from animal and plant fats and tissues (Hollebone, 2008) Ethanol

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

406

FULLY FUNDED DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BIOFUELS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FULLY FUNDED DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BIOFUELS RESEARCH INTERNSHIP AT PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY Position Description The overall project objective is to utilize marine microalgae for biofuels (i.e., lipids for biodiesel or jet biofuel) production. The student will set up a series

Wildermuth, Mary C

407

13September 2011 Lignocellulosic Biofuels from New Bioenergy Crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13September 2011 2010 Lignocellulosic Biofuels from New Bioenergy Crops Federal Initiative- tonnage bioenergy crop on a commercial scale and convert it into an advanced biofuel (gasoline) in a pilot the biofuels production goals of the United States while helping to alleviate constraints on food and feed

408

Global Economic Effects of USA Biofuel Policy and the Potential Contribution from Advanced Biofuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the global economic effects of the USA renewable fuel standards (RFS2), and the potential contribution from advanced biofuels. Our simulation results imply that these mandates lead to an increase of 0.21 percent in the global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, including an increase of 0.8 percent in the USA and 0.02 percent in the rest of the world (ROW); relative to our baseline, no-RFS scenario. The incremental contributions to GDP from advanced biofuels in 2022 are estimated at 0.41 percent and 0.04 percent in the USA and ROW, respectively. Although production costs of advanced biofuels are higher than for conventional biofuels in our model, their economic benefits result from reductions in oil use, and their smaller impacts on food markets compared with conventional biofuels. Thus, the USA advanced biofuels targets are expected to have positive economic benefits.

Gbadebo Oladosu; Keith Kline; Paul Leiby; Rocio Uria-Martinez; Maggie Davis; Mark Downing; Laurence Eaton

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the long- established corn processing infrastructure. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has a target of 21Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel Infrastructure of biofuel sustainability. #12;

410

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel leveraged the long-established corn processing infrastructure. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has is being integrated into a national economic model of biofuel sustainability. Point of Contact: Michael R

411

Biofuels from Microalgae and Seaweeds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

8.1 Introduction: Seaweeds and microalgae have a long history of cultivation as sources of commercial products (McHugh 2003; Pulz and Gross 2004). They also have been the subject of extensive investigations related to their potential as fuel source since the 1970s (Chynoweth 2002). As energy costs rise, these photosynthetic organisms are again a focus of interest as potential sources of biofuels, particularly liquid transportation fuels. There have been many recent private sector investments to develop biofuels from microalgae, in part building on a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program from 1976 to 1996 which focused on microalgal oil production (Sheehan et al. 1998). Seaweed cultivation has received relatively little attention as a biofuel source in the US, but was the subject of a major research effort by the DOE from 1978 to 1983 (Bird and Benson 1987), and is now the focus of significant interest in Japan, Europe and Korea...

Huesemann, Michael H.; Roesijadi, Guritno; Benemann, John; Metting, F. Blaine

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

NREL: Biomass Research - Microalgal Biofuels Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microalgal Biofuels Projects Microalgal Biofuels Projects A photo of a man in a white lab coat holding a glass flask that contains a small amount of clear green liquid. An NREL researcher analyzes algae samples for oil content using the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter. NREL's microalgal biofuels projects focus on determining the feasibility and economic capability of employing algae as a cost-effective feedstock for fuel production. NREL researchers pioneered developing microalgal biofuels by leading the U.S. Department of Energy Aquatic Species Program from 1979 to 1996. Among NREL's RD&D projects in converting microalgae to biofuels are: Development of Algal Strains NREL and Chevron Corp. are collaborating to develop techniques to improve the production of liquid transportation fuels using microalgae. The

413

Assessment of Peruvian biofuel resources and alternatives  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive assessment of the biofuel potential of Peru is based on: determination of current biofuel utilization practices, evauation of Peruvian biomass productivity, identification of Peruvian agricultural and forestry resources, assessment of resource development and management concerns, identification of market considerations, description of biofuel technological options, and identification of regional biofuel technology applications. Discussion of current biofuel utilization centers on a qualitative description of the main conversion approaches currently being practiced in Peru. Biomass productivity evaluations consider the terrain and soil, and climatic conditions found in Peru. The potential energy from Peruvian agricultural and forestry resources is described quantitatively. Potental regional production of agricultural residues and forest resources that could supply energy are identified. Assessment of resource development and management concerns focuses on harvesting, reforestation, training, and environmental consequences of utilization of forest resources. Market factors assessed include: importation, internal market development, external market development, energy policy and pricing, and transportation. Nine biofuel technology options for Peru are identified: (1) small-to-medium-scale gasification, (2) a wood waste inventory, (3) stationary and mobile charcoal production systems, (4) wood distillation, (5) forest resource development and management, (6) electrical cogeneration, (7) anaerobic digestion technology, (8) development of ethanol production capabilities, and (9) agricultural strategies for fuel production. Applications of these biofuel options are identified for each of the three major regions - nine applications for the Costa Region, eight for the Sierra Region, and ten for the Selva Region.

Harper, J.P.; Smith, W.; Mariani, E.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Decommissioning of U.S. uranium production facilities  

SciTech Connect

From 1980 to 1993, the domestic production of uranium declined from almost 44 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} to about 3 million pounds. This retrenchment of the U.S. uranium industry resulted in the permanent closing of many uranium-producing facilities. Current low uranium prices, excess world supply, and low expectations for future uranium demand indicate that it is unlikely existing plants will be reopened. Because of this situation, these facilities eventually will have to be decommissioned. The Uranium Mill Tailings and Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA) vests the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with overall responsibility for establishing environmental standards for decommissioning of uranium production facilities. UMTRCA also gave the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) the responsibility for licensing and regulating uranium production and related activities, including decommissioning. Because there are many issues associated with decommissioning-environmental, political, and financial-this report will concentrate on the answers to three questions: (1) What is required? (2) How is the process implemented? (3) What are the costs? Regulatory control is exercised principally through the NRC licensing process. Before receiving a license to construct and operate an uranium producing facility, the applicant is required to present a decommissioning plan to the NRC. Once the plan is approved, the licensee must post a surety to guarantee that funds will be available to execute the plan and reclaim the site. This report by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) represents the most comprehensive study on this topic by analyzing data on 33 (out of 43) uranium production facilities located in Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Washington.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Pure Biofuels Corporation formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Corporation formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc Biofuels Corporation formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pure Biofuels Corporation (formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc) Place Beverly Hills, California Zip 90210 Sector Biofuels Product Biodiesel producer headquartered in the US with operations conducted in Peru through subsidiary Pure Biofuels del Peru SAC. References Pure Biofuels Corporation (formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Pure Biofuels Corporation (formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc) is a company located in Beverly Hills, California . References ↑ "Pure Biofuels Corporation (formerly Metasun Enterprises Inc)" Retrieved from

416

Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis Brazilian Biofuels Programme | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nacional de Biocombustiveis Brazilian Biofuels Programme Nacional de Biocombustiveis Brazilian Biofuels Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis (Brazilian Biofuels Programme) Place Piracicaba (SP), Brazil Sector Biofuels Product Research unit established in 2004 by the central government to contribute to the sustainable development of biofuels in Brazil. References Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis (Brazilian Biofuels Programme)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis (Brazilian Biofuels Programme) is a company located in Piracicaba (SP), Brazil . References ↑ "Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis (Brazilian Biofuels Programme)" Retrieved from

417

Insect Science (2010) 17, 117, DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2009.01310.x Arthropods and biofuel production systems in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insect Science (2010) 17, 1­17, DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2009.01310.x REVIEW Arthropods and biofuel 000 ha of US crop and forest lands to meet federally-mandated targets for renewable biofuels that inhabit them. We review the literature on dedicated biofuel crops and biomass harvest from forests to look

Landis, Doug

418

Potential for Biofuel-based Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation: Rationale and Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Potential for Biofuel-based Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation: Rationale and Potential By Bruce biofuel usage. Biofuel feedstocks are a source of raw material that can be transformed into petroleum for coal. In the USA, liquid fuel biofuel production has not proven to be broadly economically feasible

McCarl, Bruce A.

419

ass combustion CO2 capture coal conversion mat on biofuels geologic storage hydrogen renewables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ass combustion CO2 capture coal conversion mat on biofuels geologic storage hydrogen renewables storage fuel cells CO2 capture photovoltaics ma conversion biofuels batteries conversion biofuels stion CO Stanford University About GCEP #12;Explored novel approaches for enhanced biofuel production, such as

Nur, Amos

420

Keystone Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Keystone Biofuels Keystone Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Keystone Biofuels Place Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania Product Biodiesel producer that runs a 3.7m liter plant in Pennsylvania. Coordinates 40.222825°, -76.956154° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.222825,"lon":-76.956154,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Heartland Biofuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heartland Biofuel Heartland Biofuel Jump to: navigation, search Name Heartland Biofuel Place Flora, Indiana Product Biodiesel producer that operates a 1.7m plant in Flora, Indiana. Coordinates 32.54209°, -90.313692° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.54209,"lon":-90.313692,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

422

Austin Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Austin Biofuels Austin Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Austin Biofuels Place Austin, Texas Product Supplies pure and blended biodiesel to all of Texas. It has benefited from support from the Clean Energy Incubator, an Austin-based Incubator fund. Coordinates 30.267605°, -97.742984° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.267605,"lon":-97.742984,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

423

Yokayo Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yokayo Biofuels Yokayo Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Yokayo Biofuels Place Ukiah, California Zip 95482 Product California-based biodiesel producer and distributor with operations across Northern California. Coordinates 45.13416°, -118.932809° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.13416,"lon":-118.932809,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

424

Biofuels | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

forms of biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, and on biofuels conversion processes. Ethanol Ethanol-an alcohol-is made primarily from the starch in corn grain. It is most...

425

Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) News & Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: sc.ber@science.doe.gov More Information » January 2013 Using Marginal Lands for Biofuels Assessment shows Midwest could support biomass production while benefiting climate. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Macmillan Publishers Ltd: Gelfand, I., et al.

426

Raven Biofuels International Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Raven Biofuels International Corporation Raven Biofuels International Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Raven Biofuels International Corporation Place Paramus, New Jersey Zip 07652-1236 Sector Biofuels Product Raven Biofuels International Corp is a producer and distributor of fuel-grade cellulosic ethanol. Coordinates 40.92673°, -74.060294° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.92673,"lon":-74.060294,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

427

5 boro biofuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

boro biofuel boro biofuel Jump to: navigation, search Logo: 5 boro biofuel Name 5 boro biofuel Address 100 maiden lane Place New York, New York Zip 10035 Sector Biofuels Product Multi feed stock Year founded 2007 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://5borobiofuel.com Coordinates 40.706897°, -74.007211° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.706897,"lon":-74.007211,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

428

Mercurius Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mercurius Biofuels LLC Mercurius Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Mercurius Biofuels LLC Address 3190 Bay Road Place Ferndale, Washington Zip 98248 Sector Biofuels Product Cellulosic Biofuels Year founded 2009 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 360-941-7207 Website http://mercuriusbiofuels.com/ Coordinates 48.910297°, -122.653507° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.910297,"lon":-122.653507,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

429

Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC Place Wilmington, Delaware Zip 19880-0268 Sector Biofuels Product Delaware-based biofuels joint venture between Dupont and BP that was formed in 2009 to develop biobutanol. Coordinates 42.866922°, -72.868494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.866922,"lon":-72.868494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

430

Novare Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Novare Biofuels Inc Novare Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Novare Biofuels Inc Name Novare Biofuels Inc Address 2983 Sterling Ct Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Sector Biofuels Product Developing technology to create gasoline from plant material Website http://www.novarebiofuels.com Coordinates 40.028506°, -105.240494° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.028506,"lon":-105.240494,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

Continental Biofuels Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Continental Biofuels Corporation Continental Biofuels Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Continental Biofuels Corporation Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75240 Sector Biofuels Product Dallas-based company devoted to agribusiness in Southeast Asia. The firms focus its agribusiness acquisitions on crops, especially palm oil plantations, that can be used as biofuels. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

432

Biofuels Overview CLIMATETECHBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, officially propos- ing "reference targets" for the diffusion of biofuels does not pinpoint the way in which set a target for the penetration of biofuels: they establish that a quantity, such as Qo, has to be made up of 90% conventional fuel and 10% biofuel. Therefore, So + T now becomes Sf + T. The target can

433

of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Next Generation of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks Cost-Competitive Options #12;Photos courtesy the evolutionary code for an entirely new generation of biofuels capable of transforming the American automobile biofuels at a cost competitive with that of gasoline. Equally important, they are using crops

434

Biofuels and Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels and Transportation Impacts and Uncertainties Some Observations of a Reformed Ethanol and Logistics Symposium 3 Topics · Why Biofuels · Ethanol Economics · Ethanol Transportation Equipment Biofuels? · National Security · Reduce Imports of oil · Peak Oil · Replace Fossil Resources

Minnesota, University of

435

Modifications of the metabolic pathways of lipid and triglyceride production in microalgae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as feedstocks for biofuel production: perspectives andvarieties more useful for biofuel production. Our discussionThe most common solid biofuel is lignified cellulose (wood)

Yu, Wei-Luen; Ansari, William; Schoepp, Nathan G; Hannon, Michael J; Mayfield, Stephen P; Burkart, Michael D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

BioFuel Oasis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oasis Jump to: navigation, search Name BioFuel Oasis Place Berkeley, California Zip 94710 Product A worker-owned cooperative to sell commercial biodiesel that meets ASTM standards....

437

Future of Liquid Biofuels for APEC Economies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was initiated by APEC Energy Working Group (EWG) to maximize the energy sector's contribution to the region's economic and social well-being through activities in five areas of strategic importance including liquid biofuels production and development.

Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Essays concerning the cellulosic biofuel industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite market-based incentives and mandated production, the U.S. cellulosic biofuel industry has been slow to develop. This dissertation explores the economic factors that have limited (more)

Rosburg, Alicia Sue

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa Biofuels technology blooms in Iowa May 7, 2010 - 4:45pm Addthis Cellulosic biofuels made from agricultural waste have caught the attention of many farmers and could be the next revolution in renewable biofuels production. This video shows how an innovative technology that converts waste products from corn harvests into renewable biofuels could help America produce billions of gallons of cellulosic biofuels in the upcoming decade. Addthis Related Articles NREL Scientist Bryon Donohoe looks at different views of ultra structures of pre-treated biomass materials in the Cellular Visualization room of the Biomass Surface Characterization Lab. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL. On the Path to Low Cost Renewable Fuels, an Important Breakthrough

440

Deadwood Biofuels LLC Kramer Energy Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deadwood Biofuels LLC Kramer Energy Group Deadwood Biofuels LLC Kramer Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Deadwood Biofuels LLC (Kramer Energy Group) Place Rapid City, South Dakota Zip 57709 Product South Dakota-based start-up enterprise setting up pellet production plants. References Deadwood Biofuels LLC (Kramer Energy Group)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Deadwood Biofuels LLC (Kramer Energy Group) is a company located in Rapid City, South Dakota . References ↑ "Deadwood Biofuels LLC (Kramer Energy Group)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Deadwood_Biofuels_LLC_Kramer_Energy_Group&oldid=344117" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Algae Biofuels Technology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Algae Biofuels Technology Algae Biofuels Technology Algae Biofuels Technology Algae Biofuels Technology More Documents & Publications Details of the FY 2013 Congressional Budget...

442

An Assessment of Land Availability and Price in the Coterminous United States for Conversion to Algal Biofuel Production  

SciTech Connect

Realistic economic assessment of land-intensive alternative energy sources (e.g., solar, wind, and biofuels) requires information on land availability and price. Accordingly, we created a comprehensive, national-scale model of these parameters for the United States. For algae-based biofuel, a minimum of 1.04E+05 km2 of land is needed to meet the 2022 EISA target of 2.1E+10 gallons year-1. We locate and quantify land types best converted. A data-driven model calculates the incentive to sell and a fair compensation value (real estate and lost future income). 1.02E+6 km2 of low slope, non-protected land is relatively available including croplands, pasture/ grazing, and forests. Within this total there is 2.64E+5 km2 of shrub and barren land available. The Federal government has 7.68E+4 km2 available for lease. Targeting unproductive lands minimizes land costs and impacts to existing industries. However, shrub and barren lands are limited by resources (water) and logistics, so land conversion requires careful consideration.

Venteris, Erik R.; Skaggs, Richard; Coleman, Andre M.; Wigmosta, Mark S.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

DOE Perspectives on Advanced Hydrocarbon-based Biofuels  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

production of a range of biofuels and bioproducts. ... Cellulosic ethanol bolt-on (POET-DSM, ... (corn starch, corn cobs, stover, ...

444

NREL Carbon Metabolism Modeling Intends to Make Biofuels Engineering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of biochemical dynamics with applications to metabolic engineering and production of biofuels. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy...

445

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel production less land intensive and more e?cient by relying on improved feedstocks such as cellulosic crops and algae.

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

A Framework for Studying the Environmental Impact of Biofuel Policies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis I present a new framework for investigating the environmental im- pact of and optimal policies for biofuel production. The model captures the (more)

Strkersen, Thea Charlotte

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness available for the production of bio-product or biofuels. In comparison with wood lignins which contain

Recanati, Catherine

448

Analysis of advanced biofuels.  

SciTech Connect

Long chain alcohols possess major advantages over ethanol as bio-components for gasoline, including higher energy content, better engine compatibility, and less water solubility. Rapid developments in biofuel technology have made it possible to produce C{sub 4}-C{sub 5} alcohols efficiently. These higher alcohols could significantly expand the biofuel content and potentially replace ethanol in future gasoline mixtures. This study characterizes some fundamental properties of a C{sub 5} alcohol, isopentanol, as a fuel for homogeneous-charge compression-ignition (HCCI) engines. Wide ranges of engine speed, intake temperature, intake pressure, and equivalence ratio are investigated. The elementary autoignition reactions of isopentanol is investigated by analyzing product formation from laser-photolytic Cl-initiated isopentanol oxidation. Carbon-carbon bond-scission reactions in the low-temperature oxidation chemistry may provide an explanation for the intermediate-temperature heat release observed in the engine experiments. Overall, the results indicate that isopentanol has a good potential as a HCCI fuel, either in neat form or in blend with gasoline.

Dec, John E.; Taatjes, Craig A.; Welz, Oliver; Yang, Yi

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Partnering with Industry to Advance Biofuels and Bioproducts (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing NREL's Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility, a biochemical pilot plant and partnership facility containing equipment and lab space for pretreatement, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, compositional analysis, and downstream processing. For more than 30 years, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been at the leading edge of research and technology advancements to develop renewable fuels and bioproducts. NREL works to develop cost-competitive alternatives to conventional transportation fuels and value-added biobased chemicals that can be used to manufacture clothing, plastics, lubricants, and other products. NREL is developing technologies and processes to produce a range of sustainable, energy-dense advanced biofuels that are compatible with our existing transportation fuel infrastructure. As part of that effort, NREL's National Bioenergy Center has entered into more than 90 collaborations in the past five years with companies ranging in size from start-ups to those that appear on Fortune magazine's Fortune 100 list. The new Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) showcases NREL's commitment to collaboration and to meeting the nation's biofuels and bioproducts development and deployment goals. Designed to speed the growth of the biofuels and bioproducts industries, the IBRF is a unique $33.5 million pilot facility capable of supporting a variety of projects. The IBRF is available to industry partners who work with NREL through cooperative research and development, technical, and analytical service agreements. With 27,000 ft2 of high bay space, the IBRF provides industry partners with the opportunity to operate, test, and develop their own biorefining technology and equipment.

Not Available

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

COMPUTATIONAL RESOURCES FOR BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCK SPECIES  

SciTech Connect

While current production of ethanol as a biofuel relies on starch and sugar inputs, it is anticipated that sustainable production of ethanol for biofuel use will utilize lignocellulosic feedstocks. Candidate plant species to be used for lignocellulosic ethanol production include a large number of species within the Grass, Pine and Birch plant families. For these biofuel feedstock species, there are variable amounts of genome sequence resources available, ranging from complete genome sequences (e.g. sorghum, poplar) to transcriptome data sets (e.g. switchgrass, pine). These data sets are not only dispersed in location but also disparate in content. It will be essential to leverage and improve these genomic data sets for the improvement of biofuel feedstock production. The objectives of this project were to provide computational tools and resources for data-mining genome sequence/annotation and large-scale functional genomic datasets available for biofuel feedstock species. We have created a Bioenergy Feedstock Genomics Resource that provides a web-based portal or â??clearing houseâ? for genomic data for plant species relevant to biofuel feedstock production. Sequence data from a total of 54 plant species are included in the Bioenergy Feedstock Genomics Resource including model plant species that permit leveraging of knowledge across taxa to biofuel feedstock species.We have generated additional computational analyses of these data, including uniform annotation, to facilitate genomic approaches to improved biofuel feedstock production. These data have been centralized in the publicly available Bioenergy Feedstock Genomics Resource (http://bfgr.plantbiology.msu.edu/).

Buell, Carol Robin [Michigan State University; Childs, Kevin L [Michigan State University

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Competitiveness and Social Inclusion within National Programme for Production and Use of Biofuels: Negative Feedbacks on Profitability Awareness in Sharp Institutional Settlements in Brazil South Region Concerning Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper intends to make some inferences about the relation of competiveness and social inclusion, and interpret in an operational manner the success of South Region soybean familiar growers ascribed to the National Programme for Biofuels Production ... Keywords: Biodiesel, Brazil, Competitiveness, Social Inclusion, Soybean Oil

Andre Luiz Miranda Silva Zopelari, Aldara da Silva Cesar

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC BARD | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research and Development LLC BARD Research and Development LLC BARD Jump to: navigation, search Name Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC (BARD) Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Zip 19124 Sector Biofuels Product Pennsylvania-based biofuels startup company that aims to produce soy biodiesel initially but plans to transition to algae-oil based fuels in 2010. References Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC (BARD)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC (BARD) is a company located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania . References ↑ "Biofuel Advanced Research and Development LLC (BARD)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Biofuel_Advanced_Research_and_Development_LLC_BARD&oldid=342811

453

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Biofuels in Light-Duty Vehicles Project Summary Full Title: Mobility Chains Analysis of Technologies for Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Vehicles Fueled with Biofuels: Application of the GREET Model to the Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) Project Project ID: 82 Principal Investigator: Michael Wang Brief Description: The mobility chains analysis estimated the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of various biofuels in light-duty vehicles. Keywords: Well-to-wheels (WTW); ethanol; biofuels; Fischer Tropsch diesel; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) Purpose The project was a multi-organization, multi-sponsor project to examine the potential of biofuels in the U.S. Argonne was responsible for the well-to-wheels analysis of biofuel production and use.

454

Oak Ridge Isotope Production Cyclotron Facility and Target Handling  

SciTech Connect

Abstract The Nuclear Science Advisory Committee issued in August 2009 an Isotopes Subcommittee report that recommended the construction and operation of a variable-energy, high-current, multiparticle accelerator for producing medical radioisotopes. To meet the needs identified in the report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing a technical concept for a commercial 70 MeV dual-port-extraction, multiparticle cyclotron to be located at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility. The conceptual design of the isotope production facility as envisioned would provide two types of targets for use with this new cyclotron. One is a high-power target cooled by water circulating on both sides, and the other is a commercial target cooled only on one side. The isotope facility concept includes an isotope target vault for target irradiation and a shielded transfer station for radioactive target handling. The targets are irradiated in the isotope target vault. The irradiated targets are removed from the target vault and packaged in an adjoining shielded transfer station before being sent out for postprocessing. This paper describes the conceptual design of the target-handling capabilities required for dealing with these radioactive targets and for minimizing the contamination potential during operations.

Bradley, Eric Craig [ORNL; Varma, Venugopal Koikal [ORNL; Egle, Brian [ORNL; Binder, Jeffrey L [ORNL; Mirzadeh, Saed [ORNL; Tatum, B Alan [ORNL; Burgess, Thomas W [ORNL; Devore, Joe [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Rennich, Mark [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Saltmarsh, Michael John [ORNL; Caldwell, Benjamin Cale [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Biofuel Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuel Conversion Basics Biofuel Conversion Basics Biofuel Conversion Basics August 14, 2013 - 12:31pm Addthis The conversion of biomass solids into liquid or gaseous biofuels is a complex process. Today, the most common conversion processes are biochemical- and thermochemical-based. However, researchers are also exploring photobiological conversion processes. Biochemical Conversion Processes In biochemical conversion processes, enzymes and microorganisms are used as biocatalysts to convert biomass or biomass-derived compounds into desirable products. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes break down the carbohydrate fractions of biomass to five- and six-carbon sugars in a process known as hydrolysis. Yeast and bacteria then ferment the sugars into products such as ethanol. Biotechnology advances are expected to lead to dramatic

456

Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment Feature Stories Public Reading Room: Environmental Documents, Reports LANL Home Phonebook Calendar Video About Operational Excellence Facilities Facilities...

457

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel The rapid limitation. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has a target of 21 billion gallons by 2022 and requires almost

458

Biofuel Economics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As concerns regarding increasing energy prices, global warming and renewable resources continue to grow, so has scientific discovery into agricultural biomass conversion. Plant Biomass Conversion addresses both the development of plant biomass and conversion technology, in addition to issues surrounding biomass conversion, such as the affect on water resources and soil sustainability. This book also offers a brief overview of the current status of the industry and examples of production plants being used in current biomass conversion efforts.

Klein-Marcuschamer, Daniel; Holmes, Brad; Simmons, Blake; Blanch, Harvey

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Total Biofuels Consumption (2005 - 2009) Total annual biofuels...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Biofuels Consumption (2005 - 2009) Total annual biofuels consumption (Thousand Barrels Per Day) for 2005 - 2009 for over 230 countries and regions. ...

460

Biofuel Conversion Process  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The conversion of biomass solids into liquid or gaseous biofuels is a complex process. Today, the most common conversion processes are biochemical- and thermochemical-based. However, researchers...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Biofuel Crop Growth in Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hawaii has had a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) law since 2001 that was recently updated. The aim is to generate 40% of the state's electricity from renewable sources by 2030. This project was originally conceived to gain information on the possible profitable production of oilseed in Hawaii for use as a renewable biofuel. The project involved research teams from Hawaii Agriculture Research Center (HARC), the University of Hawaii -Manoa (UHM), and University ...

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Vercipia Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Vercipia Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Vercipia Biofuels Place Highlands County, Florida...

463

Bently Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Bently Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Bently Biofuels Place Minden, Nevada Zip 89423...

464

Riksch Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Riksch Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Riksch Biofuels Place Crawfordsville, Iowa Zip 52621...

465

Piedmont Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Piedmont Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Piedmont Biofuels Place Chatham County, North...

466

Biofuel: a comparative case study .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project analyzes the governments role in the commercialization of biofuel by comparing biofuel commercialization efforts to those of nuclear power and nanotechnology commercialization. The (more)

Carter, Kasey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

New Leaf Biofuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leaf Biofuel Leaf Biofuel Jump to: navigation, search Name New Leaf Biofuel Address 1380 Garnet Place San Diego, California Zip 92109 Sector Biofuels Product Collects waste vegetable oil from restaurants and other organizations and turns it into biodiesel Website http://www.newleafbiofuel.com/ Coordinates 32.799212°, -117.244814° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.799212,"lon":-117.244814,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

468

SunBelt Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SunBelt Biofuels SunBelt Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SunBelt Biofuels Name SunBelt Biofuels Place Soperton, Georgia Zip 30457 Sector Biomass Product Freedom Giant Miscanthus Website http://www.sunbeltbiofuelsllc. Coordinates 32.3771182°, -82.5923554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.3771182,"lon":-82.5923554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

469

SG BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioFuels BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name SG BioFuels Place Encinitas, California Zip 92024 Product California-based biofuel producer operating across the United States. Coordinates 33.045436°, -117.292518° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.045436,"lon":-117.292518,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

470

Discrete Event Model Development of Pilot Plant Scale Microalgae Facilities: An Analysis of Productivity and Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

America's reliance on foreign oil has raised economic and national security issues, and in turn the U.S. has been active in reducing its dependence on foreign oil to mitigate these issues. Also, the U.S. Navy has been instrumental in driving bio-fuel research and production by setting an ambitious goal to purchase 336M gallons of bio-fuel by 2020. The production of microalgae biomass is a promising field which may be able to meet these demands. The utilization of microalgae for the production of bio-fuel requires the implementation of efficient culturing processes to maximize production and reduce costs. Therefore, three discrete rate event simulation models were developed to analyze different scaling scenarios and determine total costs associated with each scenario. Three scaling scenarios were identified by this analysis and included a stepwise, volume batching and intense culturing process. A base case and potential best case were considered in which the culturing duration, lipid content and lipid induction period were adjusted. A what-if analysis was conducted which identified and reduced capital and operational costs contributing greatly to total costs. An NPV analysis was performed for each scenario to identify the risk associated with future cash flows. The research findings indicate that the intense culturing scaling scenario yielded the greatest model throughput and least total cost for both the base case and potential best case. However, this increased productivity and cost reduction were not significantly greater than the productivity generated by the stepwise scaling scenario, suggesting that the implementation of flat plate bio-reactors in the intense culturing process may be non-advantageous given the increased operational costs of these devices. The volume batching scenario yielded the greatest total cost L^-1 of microalgae bio-oil for both, indicating an inefficient process. The scaling scenarios of the base case and potential best case yielded negative NPV's while the stepwise and intense culturing scenarios of the what-if analysis generated positive NPV's. The base case is based on current technological advances, biological limitations and costs of microalgae production therefore, a negative NPV suggests that utilizing microalgae for bio-fuel production is not an economically feasible project at this time.

Stepp, Justin Wayne

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel Center infrastructure. Cellulosic-based ad- vanced biofuel has a target of 21 billion gallons by 2022 and requires into a national economic model of biofuel sustainability. Cellulosic biomass relocates the demand

472

Release of the National Biofuels Action Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Release of the National Biofuels Action Plan Release of the National Biofuels Action Plan Release of the National Biofuels Action Plan October 7, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Secretary Bodman Thank you, John Mizroch. It's good to be here with Tom Dorr and with Secretary Schafer. Our two departments' collaboration on biofuels development, begun years ago, has only strengthened over time due in large part to your personal attention and leadership. I am pleased to be here with you to unveil the National Biofuels Action Plan which, as Secretary Schafer just said, is a strategic blueprint that shows us the way to meet the President's goal of meaningful biofuels production by the year 2022. And to do it in cost-effective, environmentally-responsible ways that utilize a science-based approach to

473

DOE Announces Additional Steps in Developing Sustainable Biofuels Industry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steps in Developing Sustainable Biofuels Steps in Developing Sustainable Biofuels Industry DOE Announces Additional Steps in Developing Sustainable Biofuels Industry October 7, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Releases Results from Preliminary Intermediate Blends Report, Continues Commitment of Commercial Scale Biorefinery, Announces $7 Million for New Biofuels Projects WASHINGTON - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Ed Schafer today released the National Biofuels Action Plan (NBAP). The Plan, developed by an interagency board co-chaired by DOE and USDA, outlines specific action areas and goals toward achieving renewable fuels production targets. Secretary Bodman also announced additional steps the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is taking to support the development of a sustainable biofuels industry: research to enable

474

Biofuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofuel Basics Biofuel Basics Biofuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 11:38am Addthis Text Version Photo of a woman in goggles handling a machine filled with biofuels. Biofuels are liquid or gaseous fuels produced from biomass. Most biofuels are used for transportation, but some are used as fuels to produce electricity. The expanded use of biofuels offers an array of benefits for our energy security, economic growth, and environment. Current biofuels research focuses on new forms of biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, and on biofuels conversion processes. Ethanol Ethanol-an alcohol-is made primarily from the starch in corn grain. It is most commonly used as an additive to petroleum-based fuels to reduce toxic air emissions and increase octane. Today, roughly half of the gasoline sold in the United States includes 5%-10% ethanol.

475

Transcriptome sequencing and annotation of the microalgae Dunaliella tertiolecta: Pathway description and gene discovery for production of next-generation biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background Biodiesel or ethanol derived from lipids or starch produced by microalgae may overcome many of the sustainability challenges previously ascribed to petroleum-based fuels and first generation plant-based biofuels. ...

Rismani-Yazdi, Hamid

476

Conceptual design report -- Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF)  

SciTech Connect

The problems heretofore with coal gasification and IGCC concepts have been their high cost and historical poor performance of fixed-bed gasifiers, particularly on caking coals. The Gasification Product Improvement Facility (GPIF) project is being developed to solve these problems through the development of a novel coal gasification invention which incorporates pyrolysis (carbonization) with gasification (fixed-bed). It employs a pyrolyzer (carbonizer) to avoid sticky coal agglomeration caused in the conventional process of gradually heating coal through the 400 F to 900 F range. In so doing, the coal is rapidly heated sufficiently such that the coal tar exists in gaseous form rather than as a liquid. Gaseous tars are then thermally cracked prior to the completion of the gasification process. During the subsequent endothermic gasification reactions, volatilized alkali can become chemically bound to aluminosilicates in (or added to) the ash. To reduce NH{sub 3} and HCN from fuel born nitrogen, steam injection is minimized, and residual nitrogen compounds are partially chemically reduced in the cracking stage in the upper gasifier region. Assuming testing confirms successful deployment of all these integrated processes, future IGCC applications will be much simplified, require significantly less mechanical components, and will likely achieve the $1,000/kWe commercialized system cost goal of the GPIF project. This report describes the process and its operation, design of the plant and equipment, site requirements, and the cost and schedule. 23 refs., 45 figs., 23 tabs.

Sadowski, R.S.; Skinner, W.H.; House, L.S.; Duck, R.R. [CRS Sirrine Engineers, Inc., Greenville, SC (United States); Lisauskas, R.A.; Dixit, V.J. [Riley Stoker Corp., Worcester, MA (United States); Morgan, M.E.; Johnson, S.A. [PSI Technology Co., Andover, MA (United States). PowerServe Div.; Boni, A.A. [PSI-Environmental Instruments Corp., Andover, MA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD BE FUELED BY VEGETABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Getting Serious About Biofuels ALTHOUGH RUDOLF DIESEL IMAGINED THAT HIS EPONYMOUS ENGINE WOULD- outrequiringsubstantialmodificationofexistingvehiclesorofthefueldistributioninfrastructure:secu- rity of supply (biofuels can be produced locally in sustainable systems), lowernet of biomass transport determines the supply area of a biofuels processing facility and thus its scale

478

Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China Christer Janssoncassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolic engineering; Chinathe potentials of cassava in the biofuel sector and point to

Jansson, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Development of Measurements and Standards for Biofuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have worked with biofuel experts from the US, EU, and Brazil, the world's major producers of biofuels, to harmonize biofuel specifications among ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

480

Category:Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Organizations Pages in category "Biofuels" This category contains only the following page. T The Biofuels Center of North Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biofuel production facility" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Biofuels News, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring/Summer 2000)  

SciTech Connect

This is the Newsletter for DOE Biofuels Program. Articles are presented on collection and use of corn stover for bioethanol production, the state workshop program on ethanol, and a subcontract to Genencor for improvement of cellulase enzyme production.

Brown, H.

2000-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Computer Modeling of Carbon Metabolism Enables Biofuel Engineering (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to reduce the cost of biofuels, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has merged biochemistry with modern computing and mathematics. The result is a model of carbon metabolism that will help researchers understand and engineer the process of photosynthesis for optimal biofuel production.

Not Available

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Integration of agricultural and energy system models for biofuel assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a coupled modeling framework to capture the dynamic linkages between agricultural and energy markets that have been enhanced through the expansion of biofuel production, as well as the environmental impacts resulting from this expansion. ... Keywords: Agricultural markets, Biofuels, Energy systems, Environment, Modeling

A. Elobeid, S. Tokgoz, R. Dodder, T. Johnson, O. Kaplan, L. Kurkalova, S. Secchi

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation aims to encourage the development of alternative energy, cogeneration, and small hydropower facilities. The statute requires utilities to enter into long-term contracts with these...

485

NREL: Learning - Biofuels Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofuels Basics Biofuels Basics Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player This video provides an overview of NREL research on converting biomass to liquid fuels. Text Version Unlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called "biofuels," to help meet transportation fuel needs. The two most common types of biofuels in use today are ethanol and biodiesel. Ethanol is an alcohol, the same as in beer and wine (although ethanol used as a fuel is modified to make it undrinkable). It is most commonly made by fermenting any biomass high in carbohydrates through a process similar to beer brewing. Today, ethanol is made from starches and sugars, but NREL scientists are developing technology to allow it to be made from cellulose

486

Energy Basics: Biofuels  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The biomass-derived ethyl or methyl esters can be blended with conventional diesel fuel or used as a neat fuel (100% biodiesel). Learn more about biodiesel basics. Biofuel...

487

Biofuels Issues and Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biofuels Issues and Trends Biofuels Issues and Trends October 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. October 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Biofuels Issues and Trends ii Table of Contents

488

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 35503570 Biofuels: What a Biopact between North and South could achieve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Investment (FDI) targeted towards biofuel production, and to ensure that the country gainsEnergy Policy 35 (2007) 3550­3570 Viewpoint Biofuels: What a Biopact between North and South could, commentators on the world's energy issues have yet to recognize the enormous contribution that biofuels

489

AvAilAble for licensing Efficient biofuel for the next generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are excluded. Target Price Biofuel Production System Resource Consumption at $2.19/gge Breakdown of Output FuelBiofuel Supply in the Western United States Nathan Parker1, Peter Tittmann1, Quinn Hart1, Mui Lay1 is to help the Western governors identify their options for promoting biofuels in their states: feedstock

Kemner, Ken

490

HARNESSING PLANT BIOMASS FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMATERIALS Plant surface lipid biosynthetic pathways and their utility for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HARNESSING PLANT BIOMASS FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMATERIALS Plant surface lipid biosynthetic pathways and their utility for metabolic engineering of waxes and hydrocarbon biofuels Reinhard Jetter1,2,* and Ljerka Kunst1 biosynthetic pathways can be used in metabolic engineering of plants for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels

Kunst, Ljerka

491

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness biofuels will have an important part to take in the energy transition as far as fuels are concerned. Using biofuels, the BTL route consists in the production of middle dis- tillates (Diesel and jet fuel) via

Recanati, Catherine

492

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Biofuels and Plug-In Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Biofuels and Plug-In Hybrids Michael Wang Center for Transportation such as hydrogen and biofuels Pursuing reductions in transportation GHG emissions now demands for intensive sorghum GREET Includes Some of the Potential Biofuel Production Pathways Starch Crops for EtOH Corn

Argonne National Laboratory

493

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 15381544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1538­1544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries Jo¨ rg 2008 Abstract Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply, however, production costs of biofuels are typically much higher than those of fossil fuels. As a result

494

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts Willow on recycled paper #12;1 Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts to agricultural production, including growing biofuels, and (ii) Observed Land Supply Response (OLSR

495

MSU biofuels research fills need for new sources July 28, 2006 --By Carol Flaherty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSU biofuels research fills need for new sources July 28, 2006 -- By Carol Flaherty The words are becoming familiar, even if the products aren't: biofuel, biobased, biodiesel, bioethanol. All refer to fuel collaborators are investigating Montana's potential for producing biofuels using "biomass," which refers to all

Maxwell, Bruce D.

496

Implications of Three Biofuel Crops for Beneficial Arthropods in Agricultural Landscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implications of Three Biofuel Crops for Beneficial Arthropods in Agricultural Landscapes Mary A Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010 Abstract Production of biofuel feedstocks in agricultural landscapes and generalist natural enemies in three model biofuel crops: corn, switch- grass, and mixed prairie, we tested

Landis, Doug

497

Distributed Generation Biofuel Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update report documents testing performed to assess aspects of using biofuel as an energy source for distributed generation. Specifically, the tests involved running Caterpillar Power Module compression ignition engines on palm methyl ester (PME) biofuel and comparing the emissions to those of the same engines running on ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel. Fuel cons