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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS...

2

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prospecting for microbial biodiesel production AthanasiosAC02-06NA25396. Abstract Biodiesel is defined as fatty acidfor the competitive production of biodiesel. 1. Introduction

Lykidis, Athanasios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Production of Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

catalyst concentration play a vital role on the yield of biodiesel produced from seed oil. The effect of

Akhihiero E. T; Oghenejoboh K. M; Umukoro P. O

4

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1 64.1BiodieselBiodiesel

5

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1 64.1Biodiesel

6

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1Biodiesel producers and

7

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1Biodiesel producers

8

Mississippi State Biodiesel Production Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a renewable fuel conventionally generated from vegetable oils and animal fats that conforms to ASTM D6751. Depending on the free fatty acid content of the feedstock, biodiesel is produced via transesterification, esterification, or a combination of these processes. Currently the cost of the feedstock accounts for more than 80% of biodiesel production cost. The main goal of this project was to evaluate and develop non-conventional feedstocks and novel processes for producing biodiesel. One of the most novel and promising feedstocks evaluated involves the use of readily available microorganisms as a lipid source. Municipal wastewater treatment facilities (MWWTF) in the USA produce (dry basis) of microbial sludge annually. This sludge is composed of a variety of organisms, which consume organic matter in wastewater. The content of phospholipids in these cells have been estimated at 24% to 25% of dry mass. Since phospholipids can be transesterified they could serve as a ready source of biodiesel. Examination of the various transesterification methods shows that in situ conversion of lipids to FAMEs provides the highest overall yield of biodiesel. If one assumes a 7.0% overall yield of FAMEs from dry sewage sludge on a weight basis, the cost per gallon of extracted lipid would be $3.11. Since the lipid is converted to FAMEs, also known as biodiesel, in the in Situ extraction process, the product can be used as is for renewable fuel. As transesterification efficiency increases the cost per gallon drops quickly, hitting $2.01 at 15.0% overall yield. An overall yield of 10.0% is required to obtain biodiesel at $2.50 per gallon, allowing it to compete with soybean oil in the marketplace. Twelve plant species with potential for oil production were tested at Mississippi State, MS. Of the species tested, canola, rapeseed and birdseed rape appear to have potential in Mississippi as winter annual crops because of yield. Two perennial crops were investigated, Chinese tallow tree and tung tree. High seed yields from these species are possible because, there stature allows for a third dimension in yield (up). Harvest regimes have already been worked out with tung, and the large seed makes shedding of the seed with tree shakers possible. While tallow tree seed yields can be mind boggling (12,000 kg seed/ha at 40% oil), genotypes that shed seed easily are currently not known. Efficient methods were developed to isolate polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters from bio-diesel. The hypothesis to isolate this class of fatty acids, which are used as popular dietary supplements and prescription medicine (OMACOR), was that they bind transition metal ions much stronger than their harmful saturated analogs. AgBF4 has the highest extraction ability among all the metal ions tested. Glycerol is a key product from the production of biodiesel. It is produced during the transesterification process by cleaving the fatty acids from the glycerol backbone (the fatty acids are used as part of the biodiesel, which is a fatty acid methyl ester). Glycerol is a non-toxic compound with many uses; however, if a surplus exists in the future, more uses for the produced glycerol needs to be found. Another phase of the project was to find an add-on process to the biodiesel production process that will convert the glycerol by-product into more valuable substances for end uses other than food or cosmetics, focusing at present on 1,3-propanediol and lactic acid.All three MSU cultures produced products at concentrations below that of the benchmark microorganisms. There was one notable isolate the caught the eye of the investigators and that was culture J6 due to the ability of this microorganism to co-produce both products and one in particularly high concentrations. This culture with more understanding of its metabolic pathways could prove a useful biological agent for the conversion of glycerol. Heterogeneous catalysis was examined as an alternative to overcome the disadvantages of homogeneous transesterification, such as the presence of salts in the glycer

Rafael Hernandez; Todd French; Sandun Fernando; Tingyu Li; Dwane Braasch; Juan Silva; Brian Baldwin

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

9

Production and Application of Biodiesel – A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

petroleum products is biodiesel for many reasons, mainly increasing demand and scarcity of petroleum

unknown authors

10

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J, Campelo JM, Romero AA: Biodiesel as feasible petrol fueltowards ever greener biodiesel production. Biotechnol Adv 3.T, Bielecki S: Enzymatic biodiesel synthesis - key factors

Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Biodiesel Production and its Emissions and Performance: A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—This paper presents a brief review on the current status of biodiesel production and its performance and emission characteristics as compression ignition engine fuel. This study is based on the reports on biodiesel fuel published in the current literature by different researchers. Biodiesel can be produced from crude vegetable oil, non-edible oil, waste frying oil, animal tallow and also from algae by a chemical process called transesterification. Biodiesel is also called methyl or ethyl ester of the corresponding feedstocks from which it has been produced. Biodiesel is completely miscible with diesel oil, thus allowing the use of blends of petro-diesel and biodiesel in any percentage. Presently, biodiesel is blended with mineral diesel and used as fuel. Biodiesel fueled CI engines perform more or less in the same way as that fueled with the mineral fuel. Exhaust emissions are significantly improved due the use of biodiesel or blends of biodiesel and mineral diesel.

Ambarish Datta; Bijan Kumar M

12

Argentinean soy based biodiesel: an introduction to production and impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argentinean soy based biodiesel: an introduction to production and impacts Julia Tomei and Paul biodiesel: an introduction to production and impacts Julia Tomeia * and Paul Upham b a Department(s) alone and not the Tyndall Centre. #12;Argentinean soy based biodiesel: an introduction to production

Watson, Andrew

13

A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean Tad W. Patzek Department@mail.utexas.edu April 13, 2009 Abstract A proper First Law energy balance of the soybean biodiesel cycle shows that the overall efficiency of biodiesel production is 0.18, i.e., only 1 in 5 parts of the solar energy

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

14

Optimal biodiesel production using bioethanol: Towards process integration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal biodiesel production using bioethanol: Towards process integration. Kristen Severson Ave. Pittsburgh PA 15213 Abstract. In this paper we optimize the production of biodiesel to recover the ethanol, separate the polar and non polar phases and purify the glycerol and biodiesel

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

15

Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil generation of biodiesel using waste cooking oil and algae oil. We consider 5 different technologies is to simultaneously optimize and heat integrate the production of biodiesel from each of the different oil sources

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

16

Reachability Analysis of Stochastic Hybrid Systems: A Biodiesel Production System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reachability Analysis of Stochastic Hybrid Systems: A Biodiesel Production System Derek Riley problem because it provides a formal framework to analyze complex systems. Biodiesel production is a realistic biochemical process that can be modeled and analyzed using SHS methods. Analysis of a biodiesel

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

17

Optimization of Experimental Conditions for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- This study is based on optimizing the experimental conditions of biodiesel production by base-catalyzed transesterification using waste cooking oil (WCO). In this study, the key parameters varied were methanol (20, 25, 30, 35, and 40%), sodium hydroxide (0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 0.9 and 1.0g), reaction time (40, 60, 90, 100 and 120 minutes) and reaction temperature (50, 52, 55, 58, and 60 o C). Maximum biodiesel yield of 86 % was obtained at optimum conditions of 30 % methanol concentration, 0.4g of NaOH concentration, 60 o C reaction temperature and 90 minutes of operation. Biodiesel produced meets American Standard of Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards of biodiesel fuel: viscosity (4.0564 – 4.9824cSt), density (0.8790 – 0.8819g/cm 3), flash point (157 – 168 o C), pour point (0 to-3 o C) and calculated cetane index (7.45 – 8.26). Index Term-- Biodiesel, fossil fuel, methanol, transesterification, waste cooking oil.

Ayoola Ayodeji A; Hymore Fredrick K; E Mathew A; Udeh Ifeoma N

18

Gas Production Tax (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A tax of 7.5 percent of the market value of natural gas produced in the state of Texas is imposed on every producer of gas.

19

Ethanol production using corn, switchgrass, and wood; Biodiesel production using soybean and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production using wood biomass required 57 % more fossil energy than the ethanol fuel produced. • Biodiesel

David Pimentel; Tad W. Patzek

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Aridity and Algae: Biodiesel Production in Arizona Jenna Bloxom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aridity and Algae: Biodiesel Production in Arizona Jenna Bloxom Advisor: Dr. Scott Whiteford Center and biodiesel industry in Arizona on the state's water supply and policies. Analyzing potential political extensive literature review of current publications and studies concerning algae biomass and biodiesel

Fay, Noah

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In June 2006, [http://archive.flsenate.gov/cgi-bin/View_Page.pl?File=sb0888er.html&Dire... S.B. 888] established a renewable energy production tax credit to encourage the development and...

22

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the corporate income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

23

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the personal income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

24

Hydrogen and Syngas Production from Biodiesel Derived Crude Glycerol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, the production of biodiesel has increased dramatically. One of the major by-products of biodiesel production is crude glycerol, which is expensive to refine. As a result, the price of crude glycerol has plummeted to the point...

Silvey, Luke

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

Production and Application of Biodiesel – A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract––The true fact that everyone has to accept for search of alternative fuels apart from petroleum products is biodiesel for many reasons, mainly increasing demand and scarcity of petroleum products and to preserve the wealth of nature to be used for coming generations. The reason of non implementation of biodiesel in day-to-day life is because of few limitations. Many scientists are in progress for a new dimension of research in biodiesel plantation, cultivation and its usage in engines. This paper highlights the importance of biodiesel production techniques such as supercritical methanolysis, ultrasonication method and microwave technique by which maximum biodiesel can be produced. The new approach of using nano particle in biodiesel shows very good results in reducing the level of pollutant gases in the engine exhaust and increased performance without any engine modification is also discussed briefly in this case study. Keywords––Hydrodeoxygeneration, nano particle, ultrasonication, microwave technique I.

unknown authors

26

An Intensified Reaction/Product Recovery Process for the Continuous Production of Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Biodiesel Cooperative Research into Biobased Fuels between ORNL and Nu-Energie Biodiesel: This project years. Increased use of domestic biofuels will provide a clean and secure source of energy. Biodiesel. Project Background: Conventional reaction and separations used in biodiesel production are done in time

27

Characterization of Biodiesel Oxidation and Oxidation Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Features a literature review of 130 technical references pertaining to fatty oil and fatty ester stability chemistry in biodiesel fuels.

Not Available

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

29

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is defined as fatty acid mono-alkylesters and is produced from triacylglycerols. In the current article we provide an overview of the structure, diversity and regulation of the metabolic pathways leading to intracellular fatty acid and triacylglycerol accumulation in three types of organisms (bacteria, algae and fungi) of potential biotechnological interest and discuss possible intervention points to increase the cellular lipid content. The key steps that regulate carbon allocation and distribution in lipids include the formation of malonyl-CoA, the synthesis of fatty acids and their attachment onto the glycerol backbone, and the formation of triacylglycerols. The lipid biosynthetic genes and pathways are largely known for select model organisms. Comparative genomics allows the examination of these pathways in organisms of biotechnological interest and reveals the evolution of divergent and yet uncharacterized regulatory mechanisms. Utilization of microbial systems for triacylglycerol and fatty acid production is in its infancy; however, genomic information and technologies combined with synthetic biology concepts provide the opportunity to further exploit microbes for the competitive production of biodiesel.

Lykidis, Athanasios; Lykidis, Athanasios; Ivanova, Natalia

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

30

Non-Edible Plant Oils as New Sources for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biodiesel production. In this paper, two plant species, soapnut (Sapindus mukorossi) and jatropha (jatropha

Arjun B. Chhetri; Martin S. Tango; Suzanne M. Budge; K. Chris Watts

31

ALKALI – CATALYSED PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL FUEL FROM NIGERIAN CITRUS SEEDS OIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biodiesel production was investigated. Fatty acid alkyl esters were produced from orange seed oil, grape

unknown authors

32

Biodiesel production using waste frying oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research highlights: {yields} Waste sunflower frying oil is successfully converted to biodiesel using lipase as catalyst. {yields} Various process parameters that affects the conversion of transesterification reaction such as temperature, enzyme concentration, methanol: oil ratio and solvent are optimized. {yields} Inhibitory effect of methanol on lipase is reduced by adding methanol in three stages. {yields} Polar solvents like n-hexane and n-heptane increases the conversion of tranesterification reaction. - Abstract: Waste sunflower frying oil is used in biodiesel production by transesterification using an enzyme as a catalyst in a batch reactor. Various microbial lipases have been used in transesterification reaction to select an optimum lipase. The effects of various parameters such as temperature, methanol:oil ratio, enzyme concentration and solvent on the conversion of methyl ester have been studied. The Pseudomonas fluorescens enzyme yielded the highest conversion. Using the P. fluorescens enzyme, the optimum conditions included a temperature of 45 deg. C, an enzyme concentration of 5% and a methanol:oil molar ratio 3:1. To avoid an inhibitory effect, the addition of methanol was performed in three stages. The conversion obtained after 24 h of reaction increased from 55.8% to 63.84% because of the stage-wise addition of methanol. The addition of a non-polar solvent result in a higher conversion compared to polar solvents. Transesterification of waste sunflower frying oil under the optimum conditions and single-stage methanol addition was compared to the refined sunflower oil.

Charpe, Trupti W. [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India); Rathod, Virendra K., E-mail: vk.rathod@ictmumbai.edu.in [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Reachability Analysis of a Biodiesel Production System Using Stochastic Hybrid Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reachability Analysis of a Biodiesel Production System Using Stochastic Hybrid Systems Derek Riley defines the creation of biodiesel from soybean oil and methanol. Modeling and analyzing the biodiesel. In this paper we model a biodiesel production system as a stochastic hybrid system, and we present

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

34

Algal Harvesting for Biodiesel Production: Comparing Centrifugation and Electrocoagulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrocoagulation was compared to centrifugation at pilot scale for harvesting Nannochloris oculata and Nannochloropsis salina for biodiesel production. The pilot scale testing is a proof of concept and no optimization was conducted. Testing used...

Kovalcik, Derek John

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

35

Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit (PTC)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 allows taxpayers eligible for the federal renewable electricity production tax credit (PTC) to take the federal business energy...

36

Clean Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Maryland offers a production tax credit for electricity generated by wind, geothermal energy, solar energy, hydropower, hydrokinetic, municipal solid waste and biomass resources. Eligible biomass...

37

Clean Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Maryland offers a production tax credit for electricity generated by wind, geothermal energy, solar energy, hydropower, hydrokinetic, municipal solid waste and biomass resources. Eligible biomass...

38

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In June 2005, Iowa enacted legislation creating two separate production tax credit programs for energy generated by eligible wind and renewable energy facilities. An eligible facility can qualify...

39

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In June 2005, Iowa enacted legislation creating two separate production tax credit programs for energy generated by eligible wind and renewable energy facilities. An eligible facility can qualify...

40

Supporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials Matt Biodiesel Potential · Table S.2: Variables Used in Calculating Biodiesel Volumes and Prices · Figure S.3: U) · Table S.5: Well-Managed Vegetable Oil Yields · Table S.6: A Complete List of Absolute Biodiesel

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cost implications of feedstock combinations for community sized biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel can be processed from oilseeds or animal fats and used in unmodified diesel engines. This fuel has been produced commercially in Europe for three years. Research indicates that biodiesel can replace diesel fuel without causing harmful effects to an unmodified engine and can reduce harmful emissions . Some European biodiesel plants operate at the community level effectively supplying both fuel and animal feeds. This study examines multiple feedstocks that could be utilized by a community sized biodiesel plant. The model plant used is a 500,000 gallon processing facility. The model plant is assumed to be installed in an existing grain handling facility or feed mill. Animal fats would be purchased from outside sources and oilseeds would be provided by area producers. Producers would retain ownership of the oilseeds and pay a processing fee to the cooperative. Oilseeds would be extruded before being separated into meal and crude oil. The crude oil would be esterified into biodiesel using continuous flow esterification technology. This study concludes under specific conditions, biodiesel can be processed economically at the community level. The results indicate that without farm program benefits to minor oilseeds, soybeans are the most economic feedstock to use in a community based operation. Realistic price information suggests that biodiesel (from soybeans) could be produced for $1.26 per gallon. If producers participate in government programs and are capable of growing minor oilseeds, canola may represent a better feedstock than soybeans. Achieving the lowest costs of production depends on the value assigned to co-product credits such as oilseed meal. The more producers pay for high protein meal for their livestock and poultry, the lower the residual price of biodiesel.

Weber, J.A.; Van Dyne, D.L. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Potential feedstock supply and costs for biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Without considering technology constraints, tallows and waste greases have definite potential as feedstocks for the production of biodiesel in the United States. These materials are less expensive than most oils produced from oilseed crops such as soybeans, sunflowers, canola and rapeseed. At current crude petroleum prices, biodiesel derived from any of these materials will be more expensive than diesel derived from petroleum. However, when compared to other clean burning alternate fuels, recent data suggest biodiesel blends produced from any of these feedstocks may be the lowest total cost alternative fuel in certain areas of the United States. Economic feasibility analyses were performed to investigate the cost of producing biodiesel ($/gallon) subject to variances in feedstock cost, by-product credit (glycerol and meal) and capital costs. Cost of production per gallon of esterified biodiesel from soybean, sunflower, tallow and yellow grease ranged from $0.96 to $3.39 subject to feedstock and chemical costs, by-product credit and system capital cost.

Nelson, R.G. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States); Howell, S.A. [MARC-IV, Bucyrus, KS (United States); Weber, J.A. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Towards the optimal integrated production of biodiesel with internal recycling of methanol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Towards the optimal integrated production of biodiesel with internal recycling of methanol of the production methanol from glycerol and its integration in the production of biodiesel from algae. We propose a limited superstructure where the glycerol from biodiesel is first reformed for which steam reforming

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

44

Beginning of Construction for Purposes of the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit and Energy Investment Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Beginning of Construction for Purposes of the Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit and Energy Investment Tax Credit

45

Montana Oil and Natural Gas Production Tax Act (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The State of Montana imposes a quarterly tax on the gross taxable value of oil and natural gas production. This tax replaces several previous taxes, simplifying fees and rates as well as compliance...

46

Experimental Investigation of Biodiesel Production from Waste Mustard Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economy. The two most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel [1]. Biodiesel is a promising

Rajat Subhra Samanta; Mukunda Kumar Das

47

Ethanol Production Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Qualified ethanol producers are eligible for an income tax credit of $1 per gallon of corn- or cellulosic-based ethanol that meets ASTM standard D4806. The total credit amount available for all...

48

Demonstration of the feasibility of milking lipids from algae for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major challenge to the development of industrial-scale biodiesel production from cultured algae is the identification of energy efficient and cost effective methods of harvesting/dewatering algal cells. Producing 1 gallon of biodiesel from algae...

Coiner, Ryan Lee

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal Steven A. Biorn Faculty at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. The project involves the mass production of biodiesel and other to make biodiesel is well understood, this project offers an alternative to current methods by using

Minnesota, University of

50

Process Intensification in Base-Catalyzed Biodiesel Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is considered a means to diversify our supply of transportation fuel, addressing the goal of reducing our dependence on oil. Recent interest has resulted in biodiesel manufacture becoming more widely undertaken by commercial enterprises that are interested in minimizing the cost of feedstock materials and waste production, as well as maximizing the efficiency of production. Various means to accelerate batch processing have been investigated. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has experience in developing process intensification methods for nuclear separations, and this paper will discuss how technologies developed for very different applications have been modified for continuous reaction/separation of biodiesel. In collaboration with an industrial partner, this work addresses the aspect of base-catalyzed biodiesel production that limits it to a slow batch process. In particular, we have found that interfacial mass transfer and phase separation control the transesterification process and have developed a continuous two-phase reactor for online production of a methyl ester and glycerol. Enhancing the mass transfer has additional benefits such as being able to use an alcohol-to-oil phase ratio closer to stoichiometric than in conventional processing, hence minimizing the amount of solvent that has to be recycled and reducing post-processing clean up costs. Various technical issues associated with the application of process intensification technology will be discussed, including scale-up from the laboratory to a pilot-scale undertaking.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL] [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL] [ORNL; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL] [ORNL; Jennings, Hal L [ORNL] [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Biodiesel and Other Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present federal tax incentives apply to certain types of biomass-derived diesel fuels, which in energy policy and tax laws are described either as renewable diesel or biodiesel. To understand the distinctions between these diesel types it is necessary to understand the technologies used to produce them and the properties of the resulting products. This fact sheet contains definitions of renewable and biodiesel and discusses the processes used to convert biomass to diesel fuel and the properties of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels.

Not Available

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Application of Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis to a Kinetic Model for Enzymatic Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis to a Kinetic Model for Enzymatic Biodiesel benefits of using uncertainty and sensitivity analysis in the kinetics of enzymatic biodiesel production, Monte-Carlo Simulations, Enzymatic Biodiesel 1. INTRODUCTION In order to determine the optimal

Mosegaard, Klaus

53

Design of a Small-Scale Biodiesel Production System Jeffrey Anderson, Jessica Caceres, Ali Khazaei, Jedidiah Shirey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of a Small-Scale Biodiesel Production System Jeffrey Anderson, Jessica Caceres, Ali Khazaei acreage and biodiesel output. Monte Carlo Simulation Objective: 1) Biodiesel Production Simulation: Determines biodiesel yield and Net Energy Ration of each crop alternative 1) Business Simulation: Determines

54

Biodiesel Production from Linseed Oil and Performance Study of a Diesel Engine 40 BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM LINSEED OIL AND PERFORMANCE STUDY OF A DIESEL ENGINE WITH DIESEL BIO-DIESEL FUELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: The use of biodiesel is rapidly expanding around the world, making it imperative to fully understand the impacts of biodiesel on the diesel engine combustion process and pollutant formation. Biodiesel is known as “the mono alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from renewable lipid feedstock, such as vegetable oils or animal fats, for use in compression ignition (diesel) engines. ” Biodiesel was made by transesterification from linseed oil. In aspect of Bangladesh linseed can play an important role in the production of alternative diesel fuel. The climatic and soil condition of our country is convenient for the production of linseed (Linum Usitatissimum) crop. In the first phase of this work optimization of different parameters for biodiesel production were investigated. In the second phase the performance study of a diesel engine with diesel biodiesel blends were carried out. The results showed that with the variation of catalyst, methanol and reaction time; variation of biodiesel production was realized. About 88 % biodiesel production was experienced with 20 % methanol, 0.5% NaOH catalyst and at 550C. The results also showed that when compared with neat diesel fuel, biodiesel gives almost similar thermal efficiency, lower carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM) while slightly higher nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission was experienced.

Md. Nurun Nabi; S. M. Najmul Hoque

55

Non-Edible Plant Oils as New Sources for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Due to the concern on the availability of recoverable fossil fuel reserves and the environmental problems caused by the use those fossil fuels, considerable attention has been given to biodiesel production as an alternative to petrodiesel. However, as the biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils and animal fats, there are concerns that biodiesel feedstock may compete with food supply in the long-term. Hence, the recent focus is to find oil bearing plants that produce non-edible oils as the feedstock for biodiesel production. In this paper, two plant species, soapnut (Sapindus mukorossi) and jatropha (jatropha curcas, L.) are discussed as newer sources of oil for biodiesel production. Experimental analysis showed that both oils have great potential to be used as feedstock for biodiesel production. Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) from cold pressed soapnut seed oil was envisaged as biodiesel source for the first time. Soapnut oil was found to have average of 9.1 % free FA, 84.43 % triglycerides, 4.88 % sterol and 1.59 % others. Jatropha oil contains approximately 14 % free FA, approximately 5 % higher than soapnut oil. Soapnut oil biodiesel contains approximately 85 % unsaturated FA while jatropha oil biodiesel was found to have approximately 80 % unsaturated FA. Oleic acid was found to be the dominant FA in both soapnut and jatropha biodiesel. Over 97 % conversion to FAME was achieved for both soapnut and jatropha oil.

Arjun B. Chhetri; Martin S. Tango; Suzanne M. Budge; K. Chris Watts

56

Production of Biodiesels from Multiple Feedstocks and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights

J. A. Kinast; J. A. Kinast; Nrel Technical; Monitor K. S. Tyson; Prepared Subcontract; No. Acg

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Energy-Efficient Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In Connecticut, residential weatherization products for residential use only are exempt from the state's sales and use tax. Eligible residential weatherization products include CFLs, programmable...

58

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Development of sulfonated carbon catalysts for integrated biodiesel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon catalysts for integrated biodiesel production Jidon Adrian Bin Janaun University of British of sulfonated carbon catalysts for integrated biodiesel production by Jidon Adrian Bin Janaun M.Sc. in Chemical security, climate change, and environmental protection attract the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel

59

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Investigation of Solid Acid Catalyst Functionalization for the Production of Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acid Catalyst Functionalization for the Production of Biodiesel Elliot James Nash University of British Functionalization for the Production of Biodiesel By Elliot James Nash Thesis CHBE 493/494 4 April 2013 The Faculty;ii Abstract The adoption of biodiesel as an alternative fuel is gaining momentum despite its large

60

Sales Tax Exemption for Energy-Efficient Products (Sales Tax Holiday) (Georgia))  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Georgia allows an annual state and local sales tax exemption on Energy Star products of $1,500 or less per product, purchased for non-commercial home or personal use.The 100% exemption from the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Sales Tax Exemption for Energy-Efficient Products (Sales Tax Holiday)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Virginia allows a four-day sales tax exemption on Energy Star products of $2,500 or less per product, purchased for non-commercial home or personal use. Beginning in 2007, the 100% exemption from...

62

System Dynamics Sustainability Model of Palm-Oil Based Biodiesel Production Chain in Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of biodiesel production itself is complex with multisectors and multi-actors conditions, and with addition of sustainability issues from various stakeholder, created a complex challenges for developing the biodiesel industry. In order to understand of the complexity, this research developed a comprehensive sustainability model to draw the relationships and analyze the effects of government policy for stimulating biodiesel industry using the combination methods of process mapping, financial modeling, life cycle analysis (LCA) and business sustainability strategy. The model combines its output translated into a complete sustainability index of financial, social and environment. The model simulation results show that accomplishment of a sustainable biodiesel production within the target and timeframe is impossible without releasing the subsidized price of diesel fuel and further directions from the government. I Index Terms — biodiesel, system dynamics, sustainability

Akhmad Hidayatno; Aziiz Sutrisno; Yuri M. Zagloel; Widodo W. Purwanto

63

Tax Information Publication -2014 New Energy Star and WaterSense Products Sales Tax Holiday 1 2014 Sales Tax Holiday for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2014. For a list of qualifying items, scan this QR code. Qualifying Energy Star Products · Air purifierTax Information Publication - 2014 New Energy Star and WaterSense Products Sales Tax Holiday 1 2014 Sales Tax Holiday for New Energy Star and WaterSense Products September 19 through September 21, 2014

Florida, University of

64

Application of Real Options Analysis in the Valuation of Investment in Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to value investment projects that have flexibility in them tend to underestimate the values of the projects, because they fail to capture the value of the flexibility embedded in such projects. For biodiesel production, such flexibility may include...

Yeboah, F. E.; Shahbazi, A.; Yeboah, O.A.; Singh, H.; Holcomb, F. H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Novel Solid Base Catalysts for the Production of Biodiesel from Lipids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary commercial biodiesel production processes use homogeneous base catalysts which cause separation and wastewater discharge problems. Solid base catalysts can overcome these drawbacks. However, a solid base catalyst with high activity...

Zhao, Lina

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for...

67

Continuous Production of Biodiesel Via an Intensified Reactive/Extractive Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is considered as a means to diversify our supply of transportation fuel, addressing the goal of reducing our dependence on oil. For a number of reasons ranging from production issues to end use, biodiesel represents only a small fraction of the transportation fuel used worldwide. This work addresses the aspect of biodiesel production that limits it to a slow batch process. Conventional production methods are batch in nature, based on the assumption that the rates of the key chemical reactions are slow. The hypothesis motivating this work is that the reaction kinetics for the transesterification of the reagent triglyceride is sufficiently fast, particularly in an excess of catalyst, and that interfacial mass transfer and phase separation control the process. If this is the case, an intensified two-phase reactor adapted from solvent extraction equipment may be utilized to greatly increase biodiesel production rates by increasing interphase transport and phase separation. To prove this idea, we are investigating two aspects: (1) determining the rate-limiting step in biodiesel production by evaluating the reaction kinetics, and (2) enhancing biodiesel production rates by using an intensified reactor. A centrifugal contactor combining interphase mass transfer, chemical reaction, and phase separation is employed for process intensification.

Tsouris, Costas [ORNL] [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL] [ORNL; Birdwell Jr, Joseph F [ORNL] [ORNL; Jennings, Hal L [ORNL] [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A COMBINED REACTION/PRODUCT RECOVERY PROCESS FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Nu-Energie, LLC entered into a Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) for the purpose of demonstrating and deploying a novel technology for the continuous synthesis and recovery of biodiesel from the transesterification of triglycerides. The focus of the work was the demonstration of a combination Couette reactor and centrifugal separator - an invention of ORNL researchers - that facilitates both product synthesis and recovery from reaction byproducts in the same apparatus. At present, transesterification of triglycerides to produce biodiesel is performed in batch-type reactors with an excess of a chemical catalyst, which is required to achieve high reactant conversions in reasonable reaction times (e.g., 1 hour). The need for long reactor residence times requires use of large reactors and ancillary equipment (e.g., feed and product tankage), and correspondingly large facilities, in order to obtain the economy of scale required to make the process economically viable. Hence, the goal of this CRADA was to demonstrate successful, extended operation of a laboratory-scale reactor/separator prototype to process typical industrial reactant materials, and to design, fabricate, and test a production-scale unit for deployment at the biodiesel production site. Because of its ease of operation, rapid attainment of steady state, high mass transfer and phase separation efficiencies, and compact size, a centrifugal contactor was chosen for intensification of the biodiesel production process. The unit was modified to increase the residence time from a few seconds to minutes*. For this application, liquid phases were introduced into the reactor as separate streams. One was composed of the methanol and base catalyst and the other was the soy oil used in the experiments. Following reaction in the mixing zone, the immiscible glycerine and methyl ester products were separated in the high speed rotor and collected from separate ports. Results from laboratory operations showed that the ASTM specification for bound acylglycerides was achieved only at extended reaction times ({approx}25 min) using a single-stage batch contact at elevated temperature and pressure. In the single-pass configuration, the time required gives no throughput advantage over the current batch reaction process. The limitation seems to be the presence of glycerine, which hinders complete conversion because of reversible reactions. Significant improvement in quality was indicated after a second and third passes, where product from the first stage was collected and separated from the glycerine, and further reacted with a minor addition of methanol. Chemical kinetics calculations suggest that five consecutive stages of 2 min residence time would produce better than ASTM specification fuel with no addition of methanol past the first stage. Additional stages may increase the capital investment, but the increase should be offset by reduced operating costs and a factor of 3 higher throughput. Biodiesel, a mixture of methyl esters, is made commercially from the transesterification of oil, often soy oil (see Reaction 1). The kinetics of the transesterification process is rapid; however, multiphase separations after the synthesis of the fuel can be problematic. Therefore, the process is typically run in batch mode. The biodiesel fuel and the glycerine product take several hours to separate. In addition, to push yields to completion, an excess of methoxide catalyst is typically used, which has to be removed from both the biodiesel and the glycerine phase after reaction. Washing steps are often employed to remove free fatty acids, which can lead to undesirable saponification. Standards for biodiesel purity are based either on the removal of contaminants before the oil feedstock is esterified or on the separation of unwanted by-products. Various methods have been examined to enhance either the pretreatment of biodiesel feedstocks or the posttreatment of reaction products, including the use of a cavitation reactor in the process i

Birdwell, J.F., Jr.; McFarlane, J.; Schuh, D.L.; Tsouris, C; Day, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC); Hullette, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Experimental Investigation of Biodiesel Production from Waste Mustard Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The demand for petroleum is increasing with each passing day. This may be attributed to the limited resources of petroleum crude. Hence there is an urgent need of developing alternative energy sources to meet the ever increasing energy demand. Biofuels are currently being considered from multidimensional perspectives, i.e. depleting fossil fuels, resources, environmental health, energy security and agricultural economy. The two most common types of biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel [1]. Biodiesel is a promising alternative fuel to replace petroleum-based diesel that is produced primarily from vegetable oil, animal fat and waste mustard oil. The vegetable oils which are rich in oxygen can be used as future alternate fuels for the operation of diesel engine [2]. Biodiesel is produced from wasted mustard oil through alkali catalyzed transesterification process. Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, non-toxic and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics. Physical properties like density, flash point, kinematic viscosity, cloud point and pour point were found out for biodiesel produced from waste mustard oil. The same characteristic study was also carried out for conventional diesel fuel and used as a baseline for comparison. The values obtained from waste mustard oil ethyl ester (biodiesel) is closely matched with the conventional diesel fuel and it can be used in diesel engine without any modification. Biodiesel can be used in pure form (B100) or may be blended with petroleum diesel at any concentration in most injection pump diesel engines.

Rajat Subhra Samanta; Mukunda Kumar Das

70

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: this tax credit is only available for systems installed on or after December 31, 2010, and before January 1, 2021.'''''

71

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: this tax credit is only available for systems installed on or after December 31, 2010, and before January 1, 2021.'''''

72

Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A gross production tax applies to most gas produced in North Dakota. Gas burned at the well site to power an electrical generator that consumes at least 75 percent of the gas is exempt from...

73

Property Tax Abatement for Production and Manufacturing Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In May 2007, Montana enacted legislation (H.B. 3) that allows a property tax abatement for new renewable energy production facilities, new renewable energy manufacturing facilities, and renewable...

74

Biodiesel Safety and Best Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel Safety and Best Management Practices for Small-Scale Noncommercial Use and Production you produce biodiesel: · Chemical-resistantgloves(butylrubberisbestfor methanol and lye........................................................................... 1 FuelOptionsfromBiomassOilFeedstocks ......................... 1 UsingBiodiesel

Lee, Dongwon

75

95 Production and Testing of Coconut Oil Biodiesel Fuel and its Blend  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many researchers have successfully worked on generating energy from different alternative sources including solar and biological sources such as the conversion of trapped energy from sunlight to electricity and conversion of some renewable agricultural products to fuel. This work considers the use of coconut oil for the production of alternative renewable and environmental friendly biodiesel fuel as an alternative to conventional diesel fuel. Test quantities of coconut oil biodiesel were produced through transesterification reaction using 100g coconut oil, 20.0 % ethanol (wt % coconut oil), 0.8% potassium hydroxide catalyst at 65°C reaction temperature and 120 min. reaction time. The experiment was carried out three times and average results evaluated. Low yield of the biodiesel (10.4%) was obtained. The coconut oil biodiesel produced was subsequently blended with petroleum diesel and characterized as alternative diesel fuel through some ASTM standard fuel tests. The products were further evaluated by comparing specific gravity and viscosity of the biodiesel blend, the raw coconut oil and conventional petroleum diesel.

Oguntola J Alamu; Opeoluwa Dehinbo; Adedoyin M Sulaiman; Oguntola J. Alamu; Opeoluwa Dehinbo; Adedoyin M. Sulaiman

76

Biodiesel Production From Animal Fats And Its Impact On The Diesel Engine With Ethanol-Diesel Blends: A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract — Mainly animal fats and vegetable oils are used for the production of biodiesel. Several types of fuels can be derived from triacylglycerol-containing feedstock. Biodiesel which is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats. Biodiesel is produced by transesterifying the oil or fat with an alcohol (methanol/ethanol) under mild conditions in the presence of a base catalyst. This paper discuses fuel production, fuel properties, environmental effects including exhaust emissions and co-products. This also describes the use of glycerol which is the by-product in esterification process along with biodiesel. The impact of blending of biodiesel with ethanol and diesel on the diesel engine has described.

Darunde Dhiraj S; Prof Deshmukh Mangesh M

77

future science group 479ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.12.35 2012 Future Science Ltd Biodiesel production involves the transesterification of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

future science group 479ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.12.35 © 2012 Future Science Ltd Biodiesel the mass transfer Application of ultrasonication in transesterification processes for biodiesel production Brian He* & Jon H Van Gerpen In biodiesel production, adequate mixing is required to create sufficient

He, Brian

78

Commentary Biodiesel Exhaust: The Need for Health Effects Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BACKGROUND: Biodiesel is a diesel fuel alternative that has shown potential of becoming a commercially accepted part of the United States ’ energy infrastructure. In November 2004, the signing of the Jobs Creation Bill HR 4520 marked an important turning point for the future production of biodiesel in the United States because it offers a federal excise tax credit. By the end of 2005, industry production was 75 million gallons, a 300 % increase in 1 year. Current industry capacity, however, stands at just over 300 million gallons/year, and current expansion and new plant construction could double the industry’s capacity within a few years. Biodiesel exhaust emission has been extensively characterized under field and laboratory conditions, but there have been limited cytotoxicity and mutagenicity studies on the effects of biodiesel exhaust in biologic systems. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed pertinent medical literature and addressed recommendations on testing specific research needs in the field of biodiesel toxicity. DISCUSSION: Employment of biodiesel fuel is favorably viewed, and there are suggestions that its exhaust emissions are less likely to present any risk to human health relative to petroleum diesel emissions. CONCLUSION: The speculative nature of a reduction in health effects based on chemical composition of biodiesel exhaust needs to be followed up with investigations in biologic systems. KEY WORDS: air pollution, biodiesel, diesel exhaust, diesel fuels, lung diseases, vehicle emissions. Environ Health Perspect 115:496–499 (2007). doi:10.1289/ehp.9631 available via

Kimberly J. Swanson; Michael C. Madden; Andrew J. Ghio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Production of Biodiesel from Vegetable Oil Using CaO Catalyst & Analysis of Its Performance in Four Stroke Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- The production of biodiesel from vegetable oils stands as a new versatile method of energy generation in the present scenario. Biodiesel is obtained by the transesterification of long chain fatty acids in presence of catalysts. Transesterification is an attractive and widely accepted technique. The purpose of the transesterification process is to lower the viscosity of the oil. The most important variables affecting methyl ester yield during the transesterification reaction are the molar ratio of alcohol to vegetable oil, reaction temperature, catalyst amount and time. Biodiesel is renewable, biodegradable, non-toxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics. It can be used in diesel engines by blending with conventional diesel in various proportions. Biodiesel seems to be a realistic fuel for future. It has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits. This paper discuses the production of biodiesel from

Sruthi Gopal; Sajitha C. M; Uma Krishnakumar

80

Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax Credit Four Days Left to Buy Energy-Efficient Products for a 2009 Tax Credit December 28, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ALKALI – CATALYSED PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL FUEL FROM NIGERIAN CITRUS SEEDS OIL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential of oil extracted from the seeds of three different Nigerian citrus fruits for biodiesel production was investigated. Fatty acid alkyl esters were produced from orange seed oil, grape seed oil and tangerine seed oil by transesterification of the oils with ethanol using potassium hydroxide as a catalyst. In the conversion of the citrus seed oils to alkyl esters (biodiesel), the grape seed oil gave the highest yield of 90.6%, while the tangerine seed oil and orange seed oil gave a yield of 83.1 % and 78.5%, respectively. Fuel properties of the seed oil and its biodiesel were determined. The results showed that orange seed oil had a density of 730 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 36.5 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 14 o C; while its biodiesel fuel had a density of 892 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 5.60 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 25 o C. Grape seed oil had a density of 675 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 39.5 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 12 o C, while its biodiesel fuel had a density of 890 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 4.80 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 22 o C. Tangerine seed oil had an acid value of 1.40 mg/g, a density of 568 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 37.3 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 15 o C, while its biodiesel fuel had an acid value of 0.22 mg/g, a density of 895 Kg/m 3, a viscosity of 5.30 mm 2 /s, and a pour point of- 24 o C.

unknown authors

82

The Production Tax Credit is Key to a Strong U.S. Wind Industry  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

New report finds the production tax credit has been critical to the growth of the U.S. wind industry.

83

Memorial Day Weekend Sales Tax Holiday for Energy-Efficient Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Purchases of certain energy-efficient products during Memorial Day weekend are exempt from the state sales and use tax.* This amounts to a three-day tax holiday beginning on the Saturday preceding...

84

Research Article In Situ Biodiesel Production from Fast-Growing and High Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Rice straw hydrolysate was used as lignocellulose-based carbon source for Chlorella pyrenoidosa cultivation and the feasibility of in situ biodiesel production was investigated. 13.7 g/L sugar was obtained by enzymatic hydrolyzation of rice straw. Chlorella pyrenoidosa showed a rapid growth in the rice straw hydrolysate medium, the maximum biomass concentration of 2.83 g/L was obtained in only 48 hours. The lipid content of the cells reached as high as 56.3%. In situ transesterification was performed for biodiesel production. The optimized condition was 1 g algal powder, 6 mL n-hexane, and 4 mL methanol with 0.5 M sulfuric acid at the temperature of 90 ? C in 2-hour reaction time, under which over 99 % methyl ester content and about 95 % biodiesel yield were obtained. The results suggested that the method has great potential in the production of biofuels with lignocellulose as an alternative carbon source for microalgae cultivation. 1.

Content Chlorella; Rice Straw Hydrolysate; Penglin Li; Xiaoling Miao; Rongxiu Li; Jianjiang Zhong

85

Federal Fuels Taxes and Tax Credits (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Annual Energy Outlook 2007 (AEO) reference case and alternative cases generally assume compliance with current laws and regulations affecting the energy sector. Some provisions of the U.S. Tax Code are scheduled to expire, or may be subject to adjustment, before the end of the projection period. In general, scheduled expirations and adjustments provided in legislation or regulations are assumed to occur, unless there is significant historical evidence to support an alternative assumption. This section examines the AEO2007 treatment of three provisions that could have significant impacts on U.S. energy markets: the gasoline excise tax, biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) tax credits, and the production tax credit for electricity generation from certain renewable resources.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

E85 and Biodiesel Deployment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation outlines industry trends and statistics revolving around the use and production of ethanol and biodiesel.

Harrow, G.

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

87

1 THE BRAZILIAN BIODIESEL PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries; (2) promote the production of biodiesel in different regions of the country by using a diverse

Munir Y. Soares; Margareth O. Pavan; Clara Barufi; Célio Bermann; Virgínia Parente

88

Harmonization of Biodiesel Specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Worldwide biodiesel production has grown dramatically over the last several years. Biodiesel standards vary across countries and regions, and there is a call for harmonization. For harmonization to become a reality, standards have to be adapted to cover all feedstocks. Additionally, all feedstocks cannot meet all specifications, so harmonization will require standards to either tighten or relax. For harmonization to succeed, the biodiesel market must be expanded with the alignment of test methods and specification limits, not contracted.

Alleman, T. L.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production systems using microalgae. Keywords Algae . Carbon sequestration . Biofuel . Biogas . Biohydrogen of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany C. Posten Institute of Life Science Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany #12;RuBP ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Rubisco ribulose 1

Kudela, Raphael M.

90

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar (BSFL) are consid- ered as a new biotechnology to convert dairy manure into biodiesel and sugar. BSFL from BSFL by petroleum ether, and then be treated with a two-step method to produce biodiesel

Tomberlin, Jeff

91

Enhancement of CO2 and H2 Uptake for the Production of Biodiesel in Cupriavidus Necator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cupriavidus necator fixes CO{sub 2} through the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle using electrons and energy obtained from the oxidation of H{sub 2}. Producing biodiesel-equivalent electrofuel from renewable CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} has immense potential, especially if the fuel is compatible with the existing fuel infrastructure. This research addressed enhanced substrate utilization by focusing on two strategies: (1) optimizing transcriptional regulations to afford over-expression of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), the enzyme responsible for assimilation of CO{sub 2} into the CBB cycle; and (2) hydrogenase over-expression by introduction of additional copies of genes encoding a membrane-bound hydrogenase (MBH), a soluble hydrogenase (SH), and their maturation machinery to enhance oxidation of H{sub 2} to generate NAD(P)H and ATP required for CO{sub 2} fixation. Incorporation of these strategies into a single production strain resulted in 6-fold CO{sub 2} and 3-fold H{sub 2} uptake improvement, in vitro, with the overarching goal of providing abundant reducing equivalents towards the economic production of biodiesel in C. necator.

Sullivan, R. P.; Eckert, C. A.; Balzer, G. J.; Yu, J.; Maness, P. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

ZnO nanoparticle catalysts for use in biodiesel production and method of making  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of forming a biodiesel product and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system is comprised of a mixture of zinc oxide and a second metal oxide. The zinc oxide includes a mixture of amorphous zinc oxide and zinc oxide nanocrystals, the zinc nanocrystals having a mean grain size between about 20 and 80 nanometers with at least one of the nanocrystals including a mesopore having a diameter of about 5 to 15 nanometers. Preferably, the second metal oxide is a lanthanum oxide, the lanthanum oxide being selected as one from the group of La.sub.2CO.sub.5, LaOOH, and combinations or mixtures thereof.

Yan, Shuli; Salley, Steven O; Ng, K. Y. Simon

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

93

Cooking Up More Uses for the Leftovers of Biofuel Production -N... http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/08/business/08biodiesel.html?ei=... 1 of 3 8/8/07 10:49 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/08/08/business/08biodiesel.html?ei=... 1 of 3 8/8/07 10:49 AM August 8, 2007 THE ENERGY CHALLENGE Cooking Up More grass. They will have found innovative uses for a byproduct of the production of biodiesel fuel, glycerol. This, in turn, could help transform the biodiesel industry into something that more closely

Kimbrough, Steven Orla

94

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

95

Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil (Jatropha curcas) in Pilot Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

jatropha oil were 8.27 %, 0.58 % and 7.69 % respectively. Yield of biodiesel from jatropha oil at optimal

Tint Tint Kywe; Mya Mya Oo

96

Emerging Scope for Biodiesel for Energy Security and Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

currently the preferred process for biodiesel production. India, continue to have shortage of petroleum

Sukhwinder Singh; Dr. S K Mahla

97

Analysis of Alternative Extensions of the Existing Production Tax Credit for Wind Generators  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Requestor: Ms. Janice Mays, Chief Counsel, Committee on Ways & Means, U.S. House of Representatives This is a letter response requesting analysis of alternative extensions of the existing production tax credit (PTC) that would apply to wind generators only.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil (Jatropha curcas) in Pilot Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—In this research, among the chemical properties, free fatty acid value of jatropha oil was determined to be 22.6%, 5.23% and 8.8 % respectively. Total, free and combined glycerol percent of raw jatropha oil were 8.27 %, 0.58 % and 7.69 % respectively. Yield of biodiesel from jatropha oil at optimal sodium hydroxide catalyst concentration 1%, reaction temperature 65°C, reaction time one hour and molar ratio of methanol to oil 6:1 was 92 % from lab scale. Yield of biodiesel from jatropha oil at optimal potassium hydroxide catalyst concentration 1%, reaction temperature – room temperature, reaction time 5 hours and molar ratio of ethanol to oil 8:1 was 90% from the lab scale. Biodiesel was also produced from pilot plant at optimum transesterification process condition as stated above. The yield of biodiesel (methyl ester) and ethyl ester were 92 % and 90% on the basis of refined jatropha oil in the pilot plant scale. The capacity of biodiesel pilot plant is 30 gal / day. The fuel properties of biodiesel, namely cetane index, flash point, pour point, kinematic viscosity, specific gravity, color, copper strip corrosion, acid value, water and sediment and distillation at 90 % recovery, were found to be within the limits of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications for biodiesel and diesel fuel. The fuel consumption of the engine which used biodiesel produced from free fatty acid content 5.23 % in raw jatropha oil is more than the fuel consumption of the engine which used biodiesel produced from free fatty acid content 1 % in refined raw jatropha oil. Keywords—renewable energy, biodiesel, transesterification, methyl ester, ethyl ester, pilot plant. I.

Tint Tint Kywe; Mya Mya Oo

99

Biodiesel Blends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 2-page fact sheet discussing general biodiesel blends and the improvement in engine performance and emissions.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Costilla County Biodiesel Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Costilla County Biodiesel Pilot Project has demonstrated the compatibility of biodiesel technology and economics on a local scale. The project has been committed to making homegrown biodiesel a viable form of community economic development. The project has benefited by reducing risks by building the facility gradually and avoiding large initial outlays of money for facilities and technologies. A primary advantage of this type of community-scale biodiesel production is that it allows for a relatively independent, local solution to fuel production. Successfully using locally sourced feedstocks and putting the fuel into local use emphasizes the feasibility of different business models under the biodiesel tent and that there is more than just a one size fits all template for successful biodiesel production.

Doon, Ben; Quintana, Dan

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Biodiesel Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

publication 442-880 There are broad and increasing interests across the nation in using domestic, renewable bioenergy. Virginia farmers and transportation fleets use considerable amounts of diesel fuel in their operations. Biodiesel is an excellent alternative fuel for the diesel engines. Biodiesel can be produced from crops commonly grown in Virginia, such as soybean and canola, and has almost the same performance as petrodiesel. The purpose of this publication is to introduce the basics of biodiesel fuel and address some myths and answer some questions about biodiesel fuel before farmers and fleet owners use this type of fuel. ASTM standard for biodiesel (ASTM D6751) Biodiesel fuel, hereafter referred to as simply biodiesel,

unknown authors

102

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metha- nol and 1.5 ml of canola oil. This mixture provides aconverting ~76% of the canola oil to biodiesel within 20with less than 15% of the canola oil being converted to

Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Tax Incentives  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of 1992, allows owners of qualified over a 10-year period. Qualified wind wind turbines (indexed for inflation). - The federal Renewable Electricity Production Tax Credit...

104

World Biodiesel Markets The Outlook to 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

World Biodiesel Markets The Outlook to 2010 A special study from F.O. Licht and Agra CEAS This important new study provides a detailed analysis of the global biodiesel market and the outlook for growth, including the regulatory and trade framework, feedstock supply and price developments, biodiesel production

105

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels Jason in its production, whereas biodiesel yields 93% more. Compared with ethanol, biodiesel releases just 1% by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41% by biodiesel. Biodiesel also releases less air pollutants per

Minnesota, University of

106

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides a brief introduction to biodiesel, including a discussion of biodiesel blends, which blends are best for which vehicles, where to buy biodiesel, how biodiesel compares to diesel fuel in terms of performance, how biodiesel performs in cold weather, whether biodiesel use will plug vehicle filters, how long-term biodiesel use may affect engines, biodiesel fuel standards, and whether biodiesel burns cleaner than diesel fuel. The fact sheet also dismisses the use of vegetable oil as a motor fuel.

Not Available

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

E-Print Network 3.0 - algal biodiesel utilization Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that is further converted to biodiesel in a separate... 3 ) is the energy content of biogas; y is the yield of biodiesel ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center...

108

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Maryland allows individuals and corporations to take an income tax credit of $0.03/gallon for purchases of biodiesel used for space heating or water heating. The maximum credit is $500 per year. It...

109

Refundable Clean Heating Fuel Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The state of New York began offering a personal income tax credit for biodiesel purchases used for residential space heating and water heating beginning in 2006. The original credit was authorized...

110

Bio-Heating Oil Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Maryland allows individuals and corporations to take an income tax credit of $0.03/gallon for purchases of biodiesel used for space heating or water heating. The maximum credit is $500 per year. It...

111

Final report on LDRD project : biodiesel production from vegetable oils using slit-channel reactors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work done for a late-start LDRD project, which was carried out during the last quarter of FY07. The objective of this project was to experimentally explore the feasibility of converting vegetable (e.g., soybean) oils to biodiesel by employing slit-channel reactors and solid catalysts. We first designed and fabricated several slit-channel reactors with varying channel depths, and employed them to investigate the improved performance of slit-channel reactors over traditional batch reactors using a NaOH liquid catalyst. We then evaluated the effectiveness of several solid catalysts, including CaO, ZnO, MgO, ZrO{sub 2}, calcium gluconate, and heteropolyacid or HPA (Cs{sub 2.5}H{sub 0.5}PW{sub 12}O{sub 40}), for catalyzing the soybean oil-to-biodiesel transesterification reaction. We found that the slit-channel reactor performance improves as channel depth decreases, as expected; and the conversion efficiency of a slit-channel reactor is significantly higher when its channel is very shallow. We further confirmed CaO as having the highest catalytic activity among the solid catalysts tested, and we demonstrated for the first time calcium gluconate as a promising solid catalyst for converting soybean oil to biodiesel, based on our preliminary batch-mode conversion experiments.

Kalu, E. Eric (FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Tallahassee, FL); Chen, Ken Shuang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Recent progress in biodiesel production and testing at the University of Idaho  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel from vegetable oil and animal fats has been studied at the University of Idaho since 1979. Recent research is directed toward developing and demonstrating commercial technologies. During the last year an on-road vehicle was driven coast-to-coast on Biodiesel for a total of 14,068 km (8742 miles). As part of this on-road testing, the vehicle was tested for emissions on a chassis dynamometer at the LA-MTA emissions test facility in Los Angeles, California. Tests included HC, CO, CO{sub 2}, NOx, and PM. The two cycles used in the tests included a modified arterial cycle and the EPA cycle for heavy duty vehicles. Biodiesel research has included producing both methyl and ethyl esters from tallow, canola, soybean oil and rapeseed oil. These eight fuels have been subjected to fuel characterization tests according to the ASAE proposed Engineering Practice, Reporting of Fuel Properties with Testing Diesel Engines and Alternative Fuels Derived from Biological Materials, X552; and short term injector coking tests and performance tests in a turbocharged, DI, CI engine. Two-hundred hour EMA endurance tests in 3-cylinder, DI, CI engines are in progress with each of the fuels.

Peterson, C.; Reece, D.; Thompson, J. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Commentary Biodiesel Exhaust: The Need for Health Effects Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jobs Creation Bill HR 4520 marked an important turning point for the future production of biodiesel in

Kimberly J. Swanson; Michael C. Madden; Andrew J. Ghio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tax Credits for Home Energy Improvements: If You Buy an Energy-Efficient Product or Renewable Energy System for Your Home, You May be Eligible for a Federal Tax Credit (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This two-page fact sheet provides an overview of 2010 federal tax credits for energy efficient products or renewable energy systems in the home.

Not Available

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

COMPARING ALASKA'S OIL PRODUCTION TAXES: INCENTIVES AND ASSUMPTIONS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil prices, production rates, and costs. He noted that comparative revenues are highly sensitive to future costs and oil prices. Oil prices are notoriously difficult to forecast. Future North Slope oil prices, production, and costs that support their arguments. Given the inherent uncertainty about oil

Pantaleone, Jim

116

Biodiesel research progress 1992-1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fuels Development began evaluating the potential of various alternative fuels, including biodiesel, as replacement fuels for traditional transportation fuels. Biodiesel is derived from a variety of biological materials from waste vegetable grease to soybean oil. This alkyl ester could be used as a replacement, blend, or additive to diesel fuel. This document is a comprehensive summary of relevant biodiesel and biodiesel-related research, development demonstration, and commercialization projects completed and/or started in the US between 1992 and 1997. It was designed for use as a reference tool to the evaluating biodiesel`s potential as a clean-burning alternative motor fuel. It encompasses, federally, academically, and privately funded projects. Research projects are presented under the following topical sections: Production; Fuel characteristics; Engine data; Regulatory and legislative activities; Commercialization activities; Economics and environment; and Outreach and education.

Tyson, K.S. [ed.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Targeted Enhancement of H2 and CO2 Uptake for Autotrophic Production of Biodiesel in the Lithoautotrophic Bacterium Ralsonia Eutropha  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CO2 and H2 are promising feedstocks for production of valuable biocompounds. Ralstonia eutropha utilizes these feedstocks to generate energy (ATP) and reductant (NAD(P)H) via oxidation of H2 by a membrane-bound (MBH) and a soluble hydrogenase (SH) for CO2 fixation by the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle. Increased expression of the enzyme that fixes CO2 (RubisCO) resulted in 6-fold activity improvement in vitro, while increased expression of the MBH operon or the SH operon plus MBH operon maturation factors necessary for activity resulted in a 10-fold enhancement. Current research involves genetic manipulation of two endogenous cbb operons for increased expression, analysis of expression and activity of CBB/MBH/SH, cofactor ratios, and downstream products during autotrophic growth in control versus enhanced strains, and development of strategies for long-term, optimal overexpression. These studies will improve our understanding of autotrophic metabolism and provide a chassis strain for autotrophic production of biodiesel and other valuable carbon biocompounds.

Eckert, C. A.; Sullivan, R.; Johnson, C.; Yu, J.; Maness, P. C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Comparative Analysis of the Effect of Different Alkaline Catalysts on Biodiesel Yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials for production. A cost build-up analysis of biodiesel production from J. curcas oil shows that

Cynthia Ofori-boateng; Ebenezer M. Kwofie; Moses Y. Mensah

119

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel Olivier Herbineta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate Olivier Herbineta , William of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

120

Biosolids for Biodiesel USDA SBIR 2003-000450  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biosolids for Biodiesel USDA SBIR 2003-000450 Phase I Final Report Prepared by Emerald Ranches #12;Biosolids for Biodiesel USDA SBIR 2003-000450 Phase I Final Report Background The goal of this Phase I for the production of biodiesel fuel. It is desirable to use biosolids as a fertilizer for canola for two reasons

Brown, Sally

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Biodiesel Progress: ASTM Specifications and 2nd Generation Biodiesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Progress: ASTM Specifications and 2nd Generation Biodiesel Biodiesel Progress: ASTM Specifications and 2nd Generation Biodiesel Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel...

122

Biodiesel Progress: ASTM Specifications and 2nd Generation Biodiesel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Progress: ASTM Specifications and 2 nd Generation Biodiesel Steve Howell Technical Director National Biodiesel Board Detroit, Michigan August 15, 2007 Today's Topics Biodiesel...

123

Agriculture Taxes in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

farmers, ranchers and agribusiness firms, including: a73 Exemption from state and local sales and use taxes on purchased farm inputs and products. a73 The provision for local property tax pro- ductivity valuation for open space land. a73 Exemption from... sales and excise taxes on fuel used on farms and ranches. a73 Certain exemptions from state franchise taxes. Of these, by far the most significant tax savers for farmers, ranchers and agribusinesses are the exemption from sales and use taxes at the state...

Jones, Lonnie L.; Stallmann, Judith I.

2002-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

124

The Production and Analysis of Biodiesel from Waste Chicken Skin and Pork Skin Fat and a Comparison of Fuel Properties to Petroleum Derived Diesel Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—People today are increasingly health conscious and therefore shopkeepers tend to dispose of fatty chicken and pork skin. Chicken and pork skins thus are sources of solid waste that are usually not utilized. This paper deals with the production of useful biodiesel from utilizing the waste chicken and pork skins. Fat from the waste chicken and pork skins (sourced from local shops), was first extracted and subjected to transesterification. The products of transesterification were FAME (Fatty acid methyl esters) and glycerol. The FAME produced was tested for five parameters namely calorific value, pour point and cloud point when compared to ASTM E2515-11 standard values. Comparison of the obtained values of the five parameters with the standard values for diesel was performed to determine the viability of the biodiesel produced. The results of this experiment showed that the calorific values of FAME produced from chicken skin and pork skin fat were close to that of petroleum derived diesel. However, two test parameters namely kinematic viscosity and pour point differed when compared to diesel; this problem can be circumvented by modifying an automobile’s internal combustion engine. Due to the relatively high yield value of biodiesel, it is feasible to utilize chicken skin and pork skin fat at a rural level to produce FAME that can be an alternative to diesel in this time of acute fuel scarcity.

Krish T Bharat; Agni Bhattacharya

125

WSF Biodiesel Demonstration Project Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2004, WSF canceled a biodiesel fuel test because of “product quality issues” that caused the fuel purifiers to clog. The cancelation of this test and the poor results negatively impacted the use of biodiesel in marine application in the Pacific Northwest. In 2006, The U.S. Department of Energy awarded the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency a grant to manage a scientific study investigating appropriate fuel specifications for biodiesel, fuel handling procedures and to conduct a fuel test using biodiesel fuels in WSF operations. The Agency put together a project team comprised of experts in fields of biodiesel research and analysis, biodiesel production, marine engineering and WSF personnel. The team reviewed biodiesel technical papers, reviewed the 2004 fuel test results, designed a fuel test plan and provided technical assistance during the test. The research reviewed the available information on the 2004 fuel test and conducted mock laboratory experiments, but was not able to determine why the fuel filters clogged. The team then conducted a literature review and designed a fuel test plan. The team implemented a controlled introduction of biodiesel fuels to the test vessels while monitoring the environmental conditions on the vessels and checking fuel quality throughout the fuel distribution system. The fuel test was conducted on the same three vessels that participated in the canceled 2004 test using the same ferry routes. Each vessel used biodiesel produced from a different feedstock (i.e. soy, canola and yellow grease). The vessels all ran on ultra low sulfur diesel blended with biodiesel. The percentage of biodiesel was incrementally raised form from 5 to 20 percent. Once the vessels reached the 20 percent level, they continued at this blend ratio for the remainder of the test. Fuel samples were taken from the fuel manufacturer, during fueling operations and at several points onboard each vessel. WSF Engineers monitored the performance of the fuel systems and engines. Each test vessel did experience a microbial growth bloom that produced a build up of material in the fuel purifiers similar to material witnessed in the 2004 fuel test. A biocide was added with each fuel shipment and the problem subsided. In January of 2009, the WSF successfully completed an eleven month biodiesel fuel test using approximately 1,395,000 gallons of biodiesel blended fuels. The project demonstrated that biodiesel can be used successfully in marine vessels and that current ASTM specifications are satisfactory for marine vessels. Microbial growth in biodiesel diesel interface should be monitored. An inspection of the engines showed no signs of being negatively impacted by the test.

Washington State University; University of Idaho; The Glosten Associates, Inc.; Imperium Renewables, Inc.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

Investigation of engine performance and exhaust gas emissions by using bio-diesel in compression ignition engine and optimisation of bio-diesel production from feedstock by using response surface methodology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Bio-diesel, derived from the transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with simple alcohols, has attracted more and more attention recently. As a cleaner burning… (more)

Abuhabaya, Abdullah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Biodiesel Clears the Air in Underground Mines, Clean Cities, Fact Sheet, June 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mining companies are using biodiesel in their equipment to help clear the air of diesel particulate matter (DPM). This action improves air quality and protects miners' lungs. Though using biodiesel has some challenges in cold weather, tax incentives, and health benefits make it a viable option.

Not Available

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH Last year the Alaska Legislature made a controversial change in the oil production tax, the state's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will stimulate North Slope oil investment, leading to more oil production--and so to higher oil revenues and new jobs. Critics say the oil industry doesn't base investment decisions on tax structure production, even at a lower average tax rate. · Investments that draw new outside money into the oil patch

Pantaleone, Jim

129

Process Simulation and Evaluation of Alternative Solvents for Jatropha Curcas L. Seed Oil Extraction in Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jatropha curcas L. is a drought-resistant plant which can be grown in poor soil and marginal lands. The use of Jatropha seed oil to produce biodiesel has been widely studied in recent years. Results showed that it is one of the most promising...

Chiou, Ming-Hao

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

130

The following are appendices A, B1 and B2 of our paper, "Integrated Process Modeling and Product Design of Biodiesel Manufacturing", that appears in the Industrial and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Biodiesel Manufacturing", that appears in the Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research a Biodiesel Process Model To access NIST TDE Data Engine in Aspen Plus version 2006.5 or V7.0 Step 1. Enter

Liu, Y. A.

131

Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many obvious and significant concerns arise when considering the concept of small-scale biodiesel production. Does the fuel produced meet the stringent requirements set by the commercial biodiesel industry? Is the process safe? How are small-scale producers collecting and transporting waste vegetable oil? How is waste from the biodiesel production process handled by small-scale producers? These concerns and many others were the focus of the research preformed in the Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation project over the last three years. This project was a unique research program in which undergraduate engineering students at Messiah College set out to research the feasibility of small-biodiesel production for application on a campus of approximately 3000 students. This Department of Energy (DOE) funded research program developed out of almost a decade of small-scale biodiesel research and development work performed by students at Messiah College. Over the course of the last three years the research team focused on four key areas related to small-scale biodiesel production: Quality Testing and Assurance, Process and Processor Research, Process and Processor Development, and Community Education. The objectives for the Messiah College Biodiesel Fuel Generation Project included the following: 1. Preparing a laboratory facility for the development and optimization of processors and processes, ASTM quality assurance, and performance testing of biodiesel fuels. 2. Developing scalable processor and process designs suitable for ASTM certifiable small-scale biodiesel production, with the goals of cost reduction and increased quality. 3. Conduct research into biodiesel process improvement and cost optimization using various biodiesel feedstocks and production ingredients.

Zummo, Michael M; Munson, J; Derr, A; Zemple, T; Bray, S; Studer, B; Miller, J; Beckler, J; Hahn, A; Martinez, P; Herndon, B; Lee, T; Newswanger, T; Wassall, M

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

132

Investigating the Use of Ion Exchange Resins for Processing Biodiesel Feedstocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion exchange resins, commonly used in water treatment, demonstrate promise for the production of biodiesel from biomass feedstocks. The goal of this presented PhD research is to investigate novel uses of ion exchange resins for processing biodiesel...

Jamal, Yousuf 1973-

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

133

Applications of Highly Cross Linked Mixed Bed Ion Exchange Resins in Biodiesel Processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuels are a promising solution to society's quest for sustainable energy. In the transportation sector, biodiesel is the leading alternative diesel fuel currently in use today. However, the current global and domestic production of biodiesel...

Jamal, Yousuf

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Biodiesel Buccaneers Brodie Burke Sara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel Buccaneers Brodie Burke Sara #12;Questions of the hour Can we make biodiesel at a cheaper cost than buying biodiesel/petroleum diesel at the pump in Olympia? How does methanol compare to ethanol and does it affect the cost and efficiency of biodiesel? http://www.mpgmagazine.com/biodiesel

135

Production Tax Credit for Renewable Electricity Generation (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, environmental and energy security concerns were addressed at the federal level by several key pieces of energy legislation. Among them, the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), P.L. 95-617, required regulated power utilities to purchase alternative electricity generation from qualified generating facilities, including small-scale renewable generators; and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC), P.L. 95-618, part of the Energy Tax Act of 1978, provided a 10% federal tax credit on new investment in capital-intensive wind and solar generation technologies.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1 64.1

137

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil3 13,,8.1

138

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10% of petroleum diesel, until now, issues with cold weather performance have prevented biodiesel blends from being

139

Biodiesel Research Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Fuels Technology Subprogram U.S. Biodiesel Feedstock Supply Analysis * 1.7 billion annual gallon existing resource * Additional...

140

Effects of Biodiesel on NOx Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A presentation about the effects of biodiesel on nitrogen oxide emissions presented at the ARB Biodiesel Workshop June 8, 2005.

McCormick, R.

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Biodiesel R&D at NREL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discusses NREL's biodiesel research priorities and some current research results, including those concerning biodiesel quality and stability.

McCormick, R.; Alleman, T.; Barnitt, R.; Clark, W.; Hayes, B.; Ireland, J.; Proc, K.; Ratcliff, M.; Thornton, M.; Whitacre, S.; Williams, A.

2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

142

Emerging Scope for Biodiesel for Energy Security and Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract---The global fuel crisis in the recent times has generated awareness amongst many countries of their vulnerability to oil embargoes and shortages. Considerable attention has been focused on the development of alternative fuel sources. The Motor vehicle population has also increased tremendously over the last decade in India. Environmental degradation is another outcome of growth in motor vehicle population. One of the strategies adopted to curb deteriorating environmental quality is the use of alternative fuels like Ethanol and biodiesel. Bio-Diesel is being looked upon as a renewable source of energy, which can partially substitute the diesel fuel. Special interest is being shown in view of the potential of this fuel to provide energy security and environment protection. Biodiesel, alkyl ester of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils, is emerging as a technically feasible, economically competitive and environmentally sustainable alternative to diesel. The base catalyzed continuous transesterification of vegetable oils having low viscosity, low free fatty acids and low saturated oil- glycerides is currently the preferred process for biodiesel production. India, continue to have shortage of petroleum products including diesel. We cannot divert our edible oils for biodiesel production due to their continued shortage and are consciously developing biodiesel based on nonedible oils. The efforts being made to have the prospect of providing India a leadership position in renewable energy. However, massive efforts and active multi-agency participation are required for techno- commercial success of biodiesel in India.

Sukhwinder Singh; Dr. S K Mahla

143

Review of Various Reaction Parameters and Other Factors Affecting on Production of Chicken Fat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production of chicken fat biodiesel. These are following reaction parameters which affect the production of

Jagadale S. S; Jugulkar L. M

144

Sales Tax Exemption (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Sales Tax Exemption applies to the purchase of machinery and equipment, parts, tools, and supplies used or consumed in the production of tangible personal property for sale or in the production...

145

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Electrochemical method for producing a biodiesel mixture comprising fatty acid alkyl esters and glycerol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention relates to an integrated method and system for the simultaneous production of biodiesel from free fatty acids (via esterification) and from triglycerides (via transesterification) within the same reaction chamber. More specifically, one preferred embodiment of the invention relates to a method and system for the production of biodiesel using an electrodeionization stack, wherein an ion exchange resin matrix acts as a heterogeneous catalyst for simultaneous esterification and transesterification reactions between a feedstock and a lower alcohol to produce biodiesel, wherein the feedstock contains significant levels of free fatty acid. In addition, because of the use of a heterogeneous catalyst, the glycerol and biodiesel have much lower salt concentrations than raw biodiesel produced by conventional transesterification processes. The present invention makes it much easier to purify glycerol and biodiesel.

Lin, YuPo J; St. Martin, Edward J

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

147

Comparative Analysis of the Effect of Different Alkaline Catalysts on Biodiesel Yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: A major challenge in the biodiesel industry is the comparatively high cost of raw materials for production. A cost build-up analysis of biodiesel production from J. curcas oil shows that catalyst alone contributes about 50.9 % of the total production cost. This paper aims at highlighting the effects of two different commonly used catalysts on the yield of biodiesel. Samples of biodiesel were produced by three different methods namely single stage transesterification (SST), double stage transesterification (DST) and foolproof (FP) processes in which sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) were used. The effects of each catalyst on the production yield were analyzed and compared. NaOH gave production yields of 79%, 81% and 84 % for the SST, DST and FP processes respectively. KOH produced comparatively lower yields of 68%, 71 % and 75 % for SST, DST and fool proof processes respectively. Although the use of KOH slightly raises the cost of biodiesel production as compared to NaOH, the local production of KOH from cocoa husks could minimize the production cost. Abbreviations: BDF = Biodiesel fuel; PDF = Petroleum diesel fuel; DF = Diesel fuel Key words: Transesterification Alkaline catalysts Biodiesel yield Biodiesel KOH NaOH

Cynthia Ofori-boateng; Ebenezer M. Kwofie; Moses Y. Mensah

148

Tax policy can change the production path: A model of optimal oil extraction in Alaska  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production units (fields) on Alaska's North Slope. We use adjustment cost and discount rate to calibrate approach was to simulate economically optimal production paths for units on the Alaska North Slope, compare production for the seven individual units on Alaska's North Slope: Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk River, Milne Point

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

149

Algae Biodiesel: Commercialization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be grown year around 11 · Can grow algae in produced water from oil and gas wells. This water is considered · Understand need for adequate quantities of economically renewable feedstock that produces an oil which can testing 5/2006 ·Made first biodiesel from local freshwater algae 6/2006 ·Inoculated first outdoor tank 8

Tullos, Desiree

150

2004 Biodiesel Handling and Use Guidelines (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a guide for those who blend, distribute, and use biodiesel and biodiesel blends. It is intended to fleets and individual users, blenders, distributors, and those involved in related activities understand procedures for handling and using biodiesel.

Not Available

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Biodiesel from microalgae beats Yusuf Chisti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel from microalgae beats bioethanol Yusuf Chisti School of Engineering, Massey University- derived transport fuels, which contribute to global warming and are of limited availability. Biodiesel, biodiesel and bioethanol produced from agricul- tural crops using existing methods cannot sustainably

152

Biodiesel: a case study of the impact of new rules regarding the classification and labelling of physical and chemical properties of chemicals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel: a case study of the impact of new rules regarding the classification and labelling.janes@ineris.fr, guy.marlair@ineris.fr, patricia.rotureau@ineris.fr 1. Introduction Biodiesel and any co-products or intermediate chemicals produced and used from the biodiesel industry fall under the scope of the regulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

153

Feasibility of Steam Hydrogasification of Microalgae for Production of Synthetic Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Y. , Biodiesel from microalgae beats bioethanol. Trendsand N.S. Caetano, Microalgae for biodiesel production and6. Ahmad, A.L. , et al. , Microalgae as a sustainable energy

Suemanotham, Amornrat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid products adsorbed Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biodiesel@uidaho.edu 208-885-7626 Using Adsorbents to Lower... part of the biodiesel production process. Lower- cost feedstocks, such as animal fat or used...

155

DPF Performance with Biodiesel Blends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DPF Performance with Biodiesel Blends Aaron Williams, Bob McCormick, Bob Hayes, John Ireland National Renewable Energy Laboratory Howard L. Fang Cummins, Inc. Diesel Engine...

156

Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nebraska offers a production-based tax credit to any producer of electricity generated by wind, solar, geothermal, hydropower, fuel cells or methane gas. To qualify, a system must be placed into...

157

Renewable Energy Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Certain renewable energy systems and equipment sold in Rhode Island are exempt from the state's sales and use tax. Eligible products include solar electric systems, DC-to-AC inverters that...

158

Renewable Energy Business Tax Incentives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

[http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/1r/bills/sb1403s.pdf SB 1403], signed in July of 2009, created tax incentives intended to draw renewable energy product manufacturers to Arizona. Specifically,...

159

Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nebraska offers a production-based tax credit to any producer of electricity generated by wind, solar, geothermal, hydropower, fuel cells or methane gas. To qualify, a system must be placed into...

160

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a special ad valorem property tax assessment for certified green energy production facilities. Property that generates electricity from a certified facility shall be assessed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Industrial Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Property Tax Abatement for Production and Manufacturing...

162

Feasibility Study for Commercial Production of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Feasibility Study for Commercial Production of Biodiesel in the Treasure Valley of Idaho Consultant respectively University of Idaho #12;2 Biodiesel As An Alternative to Diesel Fuel · Invention · Meal · Biodiesel Plant site Requirements · Constraints for Biodiesel Plant · Economic · Environmental

Kyte, Michael

163

Production of Renewable Liquid Fuels for Diesel Engine Applications – A Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. There is an imperative need to improve the existing biodiesel production methods from technological

unknown authors

164

Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 8/18/2014 Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel Contents Introduction to Biodiesel......................................................................................................................................................2 Biodiesel Availability in North Carolina

165

Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

already exceeds 5% of the on-highway diesel market Biodiesel also reduces greenhouse gas emissions relative to petroleum 3 Barriers 1. Biodiesel quality: Some biodiesel...

166

Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind Biodiesel Project Green  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through extensive collaboration, Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind (AIDB) is Alabama's first educational entity to initiate a biodiesel public education, student training and production program, Project Green. With state and national replication potential, Project Green benefits local businesses and city infrastructures within a 120-mile radius; provides alternative education to Alabama school systems and to schools for the deaf and blind in Appalachian States; trains students with sensory and/or multiple disabilities in the acquisition and production of biodiesel; and educates the external public on alternative fuels benefits.

Edmiston, Jessica L

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

Property Tax Exemption for Wind and Geothermal Energy Producers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2007, Idaho enacted a bill that restructured the method of taxation for producers of wind energy from a property tax to a tax on production. The aim of this restructuring was to ease the burden...

168

Implementing environmental taxes on intemediate goods in open economies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many proposed and actual environmental taxes are taxes on intermediate goods. These goods, such as fossil fuels, are typically tradable, and they are also used in the production of many tradable final goods. How should ...

Poterba, James M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an interim report for a study of biodiesel oxidative stability. It describes characterization and accelerated stability test results for 19 B100 samples and six diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Waynick, J. A.; Westbrook, S. R.; Porter, S.

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use in an urban bus. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the findings from a study of the life cycle inventories for petroleum diesel and biodiesel. It presents information on raw materials extracted from the environment, energy resources consumed, and air, water, and solid waste emissions generated. Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel substitute. It can be made from a variety of natural oils and fats. Biodiesel is made by chemically combining any natural oil or fat with an alcohol such as methanol or ethanol. Methanol has been the most commonly used alcohol in the commercial production of biodiesel. In Europe, biodiesel is widely available in both its neat form (100% biodiesel, also known as B1OO) and in blends with petroleum diesel. European biodiesel is made predominantly from rapeseed oil (a cousin of canola oil). In the United States, initial interest in producing and using biodiesel has focused on the use of soybean oil as the primary feedstock mainly because the United States is the largest producer of soybean oil in the world. 170 figs., 148 tabs.

Sheehan, J.; Camobreco, V.; Duffield, J.; Graboski, M.; Shapouri, H.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Tax Increment Financing (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Louisiana law provides for two types of Tax Increment Financing mechanisms: (1) property tax, also known as ad valorem, and (2) sales tax. Either form may be utilized to enhance an economic...

172

effectively tax treaty?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for rent or royalty? Individual completes IRS form 1001. Payment will not be taxed. (Code "N") Taxes for rent, royalty, non- employee comp? * When no forms are submitted, taxes will be withheld at 30%. Rev. 5

Krovi, Venkat

173

Restoration Tax Abatement (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Restoration Tax Abatement (RTA) Program provides five-year property tax abatement for the expansion, restoration, improvement, and development of existing commercial structures and owner-occupied...

174

Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison 1 Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison 1 Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison Burke Anderson-2008 Abstract: Alternative fuel resources such as biodiesel are important to combat fossil fuel use reduction. Biodiesel is made through a process of transesterification that can be preformed in a variety

175

Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesPresident, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerginghttp://www.emerging--markets.commarkets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market SurveyAuthor, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market Survey Columnist

176

Payroll, Taxes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome to the PacificCollaboration » PathogenPayroll, Taxes

177

Tax Incentives  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned Small BusinessEMPLOYMENT VERIFICATION1 - In13 - InBlueTax Incentives of

178

EFFECTS OF BIODIESEL BLENDING ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rising fuel costs and energy demands, combined with growing concern over health related and environmental concerns, have led to increased interest in the use of biodiesel. Biodiesel can be utilized as a direct replacement ...

Guo, Jing

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Biodiesel is Working Hard in Kentucky  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This 4-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of biodiesel fuel in 6 school districts throughout Kentucky. It contains usage information for each school district, as well as contact information for local Clean Cities Coordinators and Biodiesel suppliers.

Not Available

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Study of Performance Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Diesel, Yellow Grease Biodiesel and its Blends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract — The feedstock used in our experiment for the production of biodiesel was Yellow Grease. The whole experiment was divided into two parts: Production and Testing. Production involves Transesterification of free fatty acids in yellow grease to form yellow grease alkyl esters. The process of testing involved calculation of the physio – chemical properties, acid value, density, kinematics viscosity and various performance characteristics. The properties obtained were similar to the standards of biodiesel set by ASTM D6751. The conclusions derived from the experiments conducted were that the break thermal efficiency with biodiesel blends was little lower than that of diesel. The break specific energy consumption for B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100 is slightly higher than neat diesel. At all loads, diesel was found to have the lowet exhaust tempearture and the temperature for the different blends showed the upward trend with increasing concentration of biodiesel in the blends.

Virender Singh; Shubham Saxena; Shibayan Ghosh; Ankit Agrawal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Biodiesel Engine Testing MECH-457 Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel Engine Testing MECH-457 Final Report Submitted to Jon Mikkelsen April 11, 2005 Darren at UBC has begun producing biodiesel fuel from waste cooking oils acquired from campus kitchens. Using biodiesel in a four-cylinder, 30 hp Kubota engine (V1305). This engine was chosen because it is used

182

TESC Farmhouse Biodiesel Project Processor Manual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 TESC Farmhouse Biodiesel Project Processor Manual #12;2 Thank you (in no particular order) to: David Rack, Sam Stout, and Kolby Bray-Hoagland for starting the Evergreen Biodiesel Project; our faculty Sara Keehfuss, Burke Anderson, Brodie Pettit (the Biodiesel Buccaneers) and Andrew York

183

Los Alamos National Laboratory considers the use of biodiesel.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new EPA-approved alternative fuel, called biodiesel, may soon be used at Los Alamos National Laboratory in everything from diesel trucks to laboratory equipment. Biodiesel transforms vegetable oils into a renewable, cleaner energy source that can be used in any machinery that uses diesel fuel. For the past couple years, the Laboratory has been exploring the possibility of switching over to soybean-based biodiesel. This change could lead to many health and environmental benefits, as well as help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable diesel fuel substitute made from soybean and other vegetable oil crops, as well as from recycled cooking oils. A chemical process breaks down the vegetable oil into a usable form. Vegetable oil has a chain of about 18 carbons and ordinary diesel has about 12 or 13 carbons. The process breaks the carbon chains of the vegetable oil and separates out the glycerin (a fatty substance used in creams and soaps). The co-product of glycerin can be used by pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, as well as many other markets. Once the chains are shortened and the glycerin is removed from the oil, the remaining liquid is similar to petroleum diesel fuel. It can be burned in pure form or in a blend of any proportion with petroleum diesel. To be considered an alternative fuel source by the EPA, the blend must be at least 20 percent biodiesel (B20). According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), biodiesel is America's fastest growing alternative fuel.

Matlin, M. K. (Marla K.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-1 fuel production Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Biomaterials Waste Cooking Oil Crops Intermediate Products Conversion... Technologies Bioenergy Products Ethanol Biodiesel Electricity & Heat Other Fuels, Chemicals, &...

185

Improved Soybean Oil for Biodiesel Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this program was to generate information on the utility of soybean germplasm that produces oil, high in oleic acid and low in saturated fatty acids, for its use as a biodiesel. Moreover, data was ascertained on the quality of the derived soybean meal (protein component), and the agronomic performance of this novel soybean germplasm. Gathering data on these later two areas is critical, with respect to the first, soybean meal (protein) component is a major driver for commodity soybean, which is utilized as feed supplements in cattle, swine, poultry and more recently aquaculture production. Hence, it is imperative that the resultant modulation in the fatty acid profile of the oil does not compromise the quality of the derived meal, for if it does, the net value of the novel soybean will be drastically reduced. Similarly, if the improved oil trait negative impacts the agronomics (i.e. yield) of the soybean, this in turn will reduce the value of the trait. Over the course of this program oil was extruded from approximately 350 bushels of soybean designated 335-13, which produces oil high in oleic acid (>85%) and low in saturated fatty acid (<6%). As predicted improvement in cold flow parameters were observed as compared to standard commodity soybean oil. Moreover, engine tests revealed that biodiesel derived from this novel oil mitigated NOx emissions. Seed quality of this soybean was not compromised with respect to total oil and protein, nor was the amino acid profile of the derived meal as compared to the respective control soybean cultivar with a conventional fatty acid profile. Importantly, the high oleic acid/low saturated fatty acids oil trait was not impacted by environment and yield was not compromised. Improving the genetic potential of soybean by exploiting the tools of biotechnology to improve upon the lipid quality of the seed for use in industrial applications such as biodiesel will aid in expanding the market for the crop. This in turn, may lead to job creation in rural areas of the country and help stimulate the agricultural economy. Moreover, production of soybean with enhanced oil quality for biodiesel may increase the attractiveness of this renewable, environmentally friendly fuel.

Tom Clemente; Jon Van Gerpen

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

186

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C16:0 content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel.

Amir Reza Sadrolhosseini; Mohd Maarof Moksin; Harrison Lau; Lik Nang; Monir Norozi; W. Mahmood; Mat Yunus; Azmi Zakaria

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A review of chromatographic characterization techniques for biodiesel and biodiesel blends.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This review surveys chromatographic technology that has been applied to the characterization of biodiesel and its blends. Typically, biodiesel consists of fatty acid methyl esters produced by transesterification of plant or animal derived triacylglycerols. Primary attention is given to the determination of trace impurities in biodiesel, such as methanol, glycerol, mono-, di-, and triacylglycerols, and sterol glucosides. The determination of the fatty acid methyl esters, trace impurities in biodiesel, and the determination of the biodiesel content of commercial blends of biodiesel in conventional diesel are also addressed.

Pauls, R. E. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Land Assemblage Tax Credit Program (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Land Assemblage Tax Credit Programs the redevelopment of blighted areas in Missouri into productive use. Redevelopers must incur acquisition costs for at least 50 acres of 75+ acre parcels,...

189

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

190

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

191

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran and co-workers for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet-stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels. (author)

Herbinet, Olivier; Pitz, William J.; Westbrook, Charles K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tax Measurement and Lag'don Tax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). 2. These districts are: gnya' nang, skyid grong, rong shar, rdf,(lng dza', shtl dkar, glint skyes. ~. The Full Assembly consists of: all the government officials exeept the Regent and the Ministers of State (bka' blon); all the acting and retired... TAX MEASUREMENT AND LAG'DON TAX -WANGCHEN SURlCHANG Since in any discussion of taxes (in Tibetan: khr«l) aD understanding of the units involved is a prerequisite, I Ihall describe these before dealing with the actual taxes. The basic unit...

Surkhang, Wangchen

1966-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Biomass Gasification and Methane Digester Property Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Michigan exempts certain energy production related farm facilities from real and personal property taxes. Among exempted property are certain methane digesters, biomass gasification equipment,...

194

Upcoming Events Upcoming Biodiesel Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 29, 2010 Coronada Rockford, IL www.ibed2010.com/ Bioenergy Markets Turkey Green Power Conferences.eng.iastate.edu/ Biodiesel Congress F.O. Lichts September 22-24, 2010 Mercure Grant Hotel Sao Paulo, Brazil www.agra-net.com/content/agra/ips/pdf/Marketing www.opisnet.com/fleetfueling/index.html International Bioenergy Days NIU and Rockford, IL September 26

195

Low-Temperature Biodiesel Research Reveals Potential Key to Successful Blend Performance (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10% of petroleum diesel, until now, issues with cold weather performance have prevented biodiesel blends from being widely adopted. Some biodiesel blends have exhibited unexplained low-temperature performance problems even at blend levels as low as 2% by volume. The most common low-temperature performance issue is vehicle stalling caused by fuel filter clogging, which prevents fuel from reaching the engine. Research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) reveals the properties responsible for these problems, clearing a path for the development of solutions and expanded use of energy-conserving and low-emissions alternative fuel. NREL researchers set out to study the unpredictable nature of biodiesel crystallization, the condition that impedes the flow of fuel in cold weather. Their research revealed for the first time that saturated monoglyceride impurities common to the biodiesel manufacturing process create crystals that can cause fuel filter clogging and other problems when cooling at slow rates. Biodiesel low-temperature operational problems are commonly referred to as 'precipitates above the cloud point (CP).' NREL's Advanced Biofuels team spiked distilled soy and animal fat-derived B100, as well as B20, B10, and B5 biodiesel blends with three saturated monoglycerides (SMGs) at concentration levels comparable to those of real-world fuels. Above a threshold or eutectic concentration, the SMGs (monomyristin, monopalmitin, and monostearin) were shown to significantly raise the biodiesel CP, and had an even greater impact on the final melting temperature. Researchers discovered that upon cooling, monoglyceride initially precipitates as a metastable crystal, but it transforms over time or upon slight heating into a more stable crystal with a much lower solubility and higher melting temperature - and with increased potential to cause vehicle performance issues. This explains why fuel-filter clogging typically occurs over the course of long, repeated diurnal cooling cycles. The elevated final melting points mean that restarting vehicles with clogged filters can be difficult even after ambient temperatures have warmed to well above CP. By examining how biodiesel impurities affect filtration and crystallization during warming and cooling cycles, NREL researchers uncovered an explanation for poor biodiesel performance at low temperatures. The observation of a eutectic point, or a concentration below which SMGs have no effect, indicates that SMGs do not have to be completely removed from biodiesel to solve low-temperature performance problems.

Not Available

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Green Jobs Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In April 2010, Virginia enacted the green jobs tax credit. For every green job created with a yearly salary of $50,000 or more, the company will earn a $500 income tax credit for five years. The...

197

Refundable Payroll Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: [http://www.legislature.mi.gov/documents/2011-2012/publicact/pdf/2011-PA-... Public Act 38 of 2011] repealed the Michigan Business Tax (MBT) and implemented the Corporate Income Tax (CIT...

198

Impact of Biodiesel on Ash Emissions and Lubricant Properties...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel on Ash Emissions and Lubricant Properties Affecting Fuel Economy and Engine Wear Impact of Biodiesel on Ash Emissions and Lubricant Properties Affecting Fuel Economy and...

199

Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance...

200

Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel Blends Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel Blends Presentation from the U.S. DOE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Impacts of Rail Pressure and Biodiesel Composition on Soot Nanostructu...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impacts of Rail Pressure and Biodiesel Composition on Soot Nanostructure Impacts of Rail Pressure and Biodiesel Composition on Soot Nanostructure Fractal dimensions of particle...

202

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel This study presents full quantification of...

203

Biodiesel Effects on Diesel Particle Filter Performance: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research results on the performance of biodiesel and biodiesel blends with ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and a diesel particle filter (DPF).

Williams, A.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R.; Ireland, J.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel Enterprise converting buses to biodiesel April 1, 2010 - 6:48pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency...

205

Impact of Biodiesel Metals on the Performance and Durability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact of Biodiesel Metals on the Performance and Durability of DOC and DPF Technologies Impact of Biodiesel Metals on the Performance and Durability of DOC and DPF Technologies...

206

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced...

207

Development and Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel Surrogates for Compression Ignition Engine Applications Development and Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel Surrogates...

208

Effects of Fuel Dilution with Biodiesel on Lubricant Acidity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Effects of Fuel Dilution with Biodiesel on Lubricant Acidity, Oxidation and Corrosion Effects of Fuel Dilution with Biodiesel on Lubricant Acidity, Oxidation and Corrosion...

209

Survey of the Quality and Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends in the United States in 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports results gathered in 2004 from quality and stability surveys in the United States of biodiesel (B100) and 20% biodiesel (B20) in petroleum diesel.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Ratcliffe, M.; Moens, L.; Lawrence, R.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Production of acetol from glycerol using engineered Escherichia coli Hongliang Zhu a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the global biodiesel production in 2010 was about 5 billion gallons, which is 4.7-fold more than that in 2005 (Almeida et al., 2012). However, biodiesel production based on triglycerides will produce about 10% (w/w) glycerol as the main byproduct. The increasing production of biodiesel results in an increased production

Wood, Thomas K.

211

Enhanced Hydrogen and 1,3-Propanediol Production From Glycerol by Fermentation Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced from biodiesel fuel production (70% glycerol content) produced 0.31 mol-H2/mol-glycerol (43 mL H2 and 1,3-propanediol production from pure glycerol and the glycerol byproduct from biodiesel fuel production by fer- mentation using mixed cultures. These results demonstrate that production of biodiesel can

212

Impacts of Biodiesel on Emission Control Devices  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biodiesel on Emission Control Devices Todd J. Toops and Bruce G. Bunting Oak Ridge National Laboratory D. William Brookshear and Ke Nguyen University of Tennessee - Knoxville DEER...

213

Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Motivation * Modern diesel engines utilize...

214

Biodiesel's Enabling Characteristics in Attaining Low Temperature...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Discusses reasons and physical significance of cool-flame behavior of biodiesel on improving low temperature diesel combustion deer11jacobs.pdf More Documents &...

215

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit Established by The Energy Policy Act of 2005, the federal tax...

216

{open_quotes}No regrets{close_quotes} tax reform  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possible role of carbon taxes in reducing global warming is Aspects of global warming are discussed in this paper. Findings from a policy research program are very briefly summarized. The most significant finding is that the effects of a carbon tax on the economy and on industrial growth depend on what is done with the revenues. Models of the economic effects of an $80 billion carbon tax were compared for revenues applied to the federal deficit, income tax reduction, and investment tax credits. For revenues applied to retiring the federal deficit, the overall gross national product (GNP) decreased in the early years but was somewhat neutralized in the long run. Revenues applied to cut income taxes did not result in an increase of GNP levels at any time, and the use of revenues to provide investment tax credits showed mixed results.

Cristofaro, A. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Ban-Weiss, G A; Chen, J Y; Buchholz, B A; Dibble, R W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

218

Biodiesel as an Alternative Energy Resource in Southwest Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Nigerian state faces unique issues that may provide an opportunity for rural economic growth. One of such is that major urban areas in the southwest of the country are beginning to have population increase and hence air quality problems that will require actions to reduce sources of pollution. One major pollution source is from exhaust emissions from cars and trucks. The use of alternative fuel sources such as biodiesel can make a significant reduction in certain exhaust emissions thus reducing pollution and improving air quality. The opportunity for economic growth in a single product economy like ours could lie in the processing of soybean oil and other suitable feedstocks produced within the country into biodiesel. The new fuel can be used by vehicles traversing the country thus reduce air pollution and providing another market for agricultural feedstocks while creating a value added market for animal fats and spent oils from industrial facilities. The benefits of biodiesel go far beyond the clean burning nature of the product. Bio diesel is a renewable resource helping to reduce the dependence of the economy on limited resources and imports, create a market for farmers and reduce the amount of waste oil, fat and grease being dumped into landfills and sewers.

Ajide O. O

219

High hydrogen production from glycerol or glucose by electrohydrogenesis using microbial electrolysis cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the glycerol byproduct of biodiesel fuel production at a rate of 0.41 � 0.1 m3 /m3 d. These results demonstrate byproducts of biodiesel fuel production. ª 2009 International Association for Hydrogen Energy. Published- maceutical industry. However, it is being overproduced as a result of biodiesel fuel production as 1 L

220

Federal Fuels Taxes and Tax Credits (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Provides a review and update of the handling of federal fuels taxes and tax credits, focusing primarily on areas for which regulations have changed or the handling of taxes or credits has been updated in Annual Energy Outlook 2009.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax...

222

Brownfield Development Tax Abatements (Alabama)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Brownfield Development Tax Abatements gives cities and counties the ability to abate, non-educational city and county sales and use taxes, non-educational state, city and county property taxes ...

223

Sustainable Building Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

SB 463, enacted in April 2007, established a personal tax credit and a corporate tax credit for sustainable buildings in New Mexico. The tax credits apply to both commercial and residential...

224

Sustainable Building Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

SB 463, enacted in April 2007, established a personal tax credit and a corporate tax credit for sustainable buildings in New Mexico. The tax credits apply to both commercial and residential...

225

Coal Mining Tax Credit (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Coal Mining Tax Credit provides an income or insurance premium tax credit of $2.00 per ton of coal mined, produced or extracted on each ton of coal mined in Arkansas in a tax year. An...

226

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch Highlights MediaFuelAbout UsAdvisoryUpcoming16,199Biodiesel

227

Better Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey: EnergyBerthoud,Biodiesel Place: Orem, Utah Zip: 84057

228

Taua Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to:Taos County, New Mexico: EnergyTargetJumpTaua Biodiesel

229

Local Option- Property Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Vermont allows municipalities the option of offering an exemption from the municipal real and personal property taxes for certain renewable energy systems (Note: state property taxes would still...

230

Exploration Incentive Tax Credit (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Mineral and Coal Exploration Incentive Tax Credit provides tax incentives to entities conducting exploration for minerals and coal. Expenditures related to the following activities are eligible...

231

Income Tax Credits Program (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

There are multiple tax credit programs for businesses new to Arkansas. Additionally, there are investment tax credit programs, job creation incentives, discretionary incentives, and targeted...

232

Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releases less ai

Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator] [Co-Principal Investigator

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Westbrook, S. R.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Environmental tax in a green market Dorothe BRECARD(*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EA 4272 Environmental tax in a green market Dorothée BRECARD(*) 2009/14 (*) LEMNA, Université de,version1-1Oct2009 #12;Environmental tax in a green market Dorothée Brécard Université de Nantes, LEMNA by consumers' environmental awareness and competition between firms for both environmental quality and product

Boyer, Edmond

235

BIODIESEL AS AN ALTERNATE FUEL FOR POLLUTION CONTROL IN DIESEL ENGINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diesel vehicles are the major source for air pollution; there is great potential for global warming due to discharge of greenhouse gases like CO2 from vehicles. Many lung problems are connected with particulate matter emitted by diesel vehicle including dust, soot and smoke. People are exposed to pollution even as they talk or when stir up the dust when they walk. Biodiesel is a non-toxic, biodegradable and renewable fuel. Compared to diesel fuel, biodiesel produces no sulfur, no net carbon dioxide, less carbon monoxide and more oxygen. More free oxygen leads to the complete combustion and reduced emission. Overall biodiesel emissions are very less compared to diesel fuel emissions which is promising pollution free environment. Abundant source of vegetable oil in India and its ease of conversion to biodiesel help to save large expenditure done on import of petroleum products and economic growth of country. Biodiesel also generates huge rural employment and degraded lands can be restored due to plantation of oil plants which help in reducing pollution. Extensive research is going on in different countries on different types of vegetable oils like sunflower oil, karanj oil, linseed oil, soya been oil, palm oil, and many more, which can be used in those countries as per availability, our research is in progress on CNSL and its blend with diesel, research is going on in right direction and likely to get surprising

Mr. Paresh K. Kasundra; Prof Ashish; V. Gohil

236

Biodiesel ASTM Update and Future Technical Needs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ASTM Update and Future Technical Needs Steve Howell Technical Director National Biodiesel Board ASTM Current Status ASTM D6751 is the approved standard for B100 for blending up to...

237

BIODIESEL BLENDS IN SPACE HEATING EQUIPMENT.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a diesel-like fuel that is derived from processing vegetable oils from various sources, such as soy oil, rapeseed or canola oil, and also waste vegetable oils resulting from cooking use. Brookhaven National laboratory initiated an evaluation of the performance of blends of biodiesel and home heating oil in space heating applications under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This report is a result of this work performed in the laboratory. A number of blends of varying amounts of a biodiesel in home heating fuel were tested in both a residential heating system and a commercial size boiler. The results demonstrate that blends of biodiesel and heating oil can be used with few or no modifications to the equipment or operating practices in space heating. The results also showed that there were environmental benefits from the biodiesel addition in terms of reductions in smoke and in Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). The latter result was particularly surprising and of course welcome, in view of the previous results in diesel engines where no changes had been seen. Residential size combustion equipment is presently not subject to NOx regulation. If reductions in NOx similar to those observed here hold up in larger size (commercial and industrial) boilers, a significant increase in the use of biodiesel-like fuel blends could become possible.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l... vast sums of money, Oregon was the first state to adopt a tax on gasoline to provide revenue for building and maintaining roads. Since this adoption in 1919, many states have passed laws provid ing for gasoline taxes until now forty-four states...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Angel Investment Credit (New Mexico) A taxpayer who files a New Mexico income tax return and who is...

240

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) An application for a pollution control tax exemption certificate shall be filed with the state tax commission in a manner...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Distributor Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) An application for a pollution control...

242

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) provides...

243

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Advanced Energy Tax Credit (Corporate) As of July 2007, the development and construction costs of...

244

Physical properties of bio-diesel & Implications for use of bio-diesel in diesel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study we identify components of a typical biodiesel fuel and estimate both their individual and mixed thermo-physical and transport properties. We then use the estimated mixture properties in computational simulations to gauge the extent to which combustion is modified when biodiesel is substituted for conventional diesel fuel. Our simulation studies included both regular diesel combustion (DI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI). Preliminary results indicate that biodiesel ignition is significantly delayed due to slower liquid evaporation, with the effects being more pronounced for DI than PCCI. The lower vapor pressure and higher liquid heat capacity of biodiesel are two key contributors to this slower rate of evaporation. Other physical properties are more similar between the two fuels, and their impacts are not clearly evident in the present study. Future studies of diesel combustion sensitivity to both physical and chemical properties of biodiesel are suggested.

Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Ra, Youngchul [ORNL; Griffin, Jelani K [ORNL; Reitz, Rolf [University of Wisconsin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2008 - all rights reserved 1 (tm) BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring August 6th, 2008 Copyright SP3H 2007 -- all rights reserved 2 Biofuel...

246

Impact of Biodiesel Metals on the Performance and Durability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

accelerated test method to expose diesel catalysts - 8 DOCs, 8 DPFs and 4 SCRs * Biodiesel ash did not adversely impact the back pressure of a DPF * Biodiesel ash caused...

247

Green Energy Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Tennessee provides tax credits to industries in the green energy supply chain that invest more than $250 million into the state. The Department of Revenue, Department of Economic and Community...

248

Residential Solar Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in August 1997, this personal income tax credit originally applied to expenditures on solar-electric (PV) equipment used on residential property. The credit, equal to 25% percent of the...

249

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8Mistakes toMolecularMonitoring‹ See All

250

Impact of Biodiesel on Fuel System Component Durability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the effects of biodiesel blends on fuel system components and the physical characteristics of elastomer materials.

Terry, B.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Controls and Measurements of KU Engine Test Cells for Biodiesel, SynGas, and Assisted Biodiesel Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the following: University of Kansas's Feedstock-to-Tailpipe Initiative's Synthesis Gas Reforming rig, Feedstock-to-Tailpipe Initiative's Biodiesel Single Cylinder Test Stand, and a unique Reformate Assisted Biodiesel Combustion architecture. The main...

Cecrle, Eric Daniel

2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

252

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering ­ Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator Currently 70 biodiesel boiler system to drive a steam engine generator. This system is to provide electricity the customer needs, a boiler fueled by biodiesel and outputting to a steam engine was decided upon. The system

Demirel, Melik C.

253

Beyond Biodiesel Running on Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 Beyond Biodiesel ­ Running on Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) The green tree has many branches in the development and promotion of biodiesel for nearly two decades. Technologies based on the use of hydrogen in a low-percentage mixture with petroleum fuel. Hence the development of biodiesel. Paul Trella, New

Kaye, Jason P.

254

Oxidative Reforming of Biodiesel Over Molybdenum (IV) Oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxidative Reforming of Biodiesel Over Molybdenum (IV) Oxide Jessica Whalen, Oscar Marin Flores, Su University INTRODUCTION Energy consumption continues to skyrocket worldwide. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel as potential feedstock in solid oxide fuel cells. Petroleum based fuels become scarcer daily, and biodiesel

Collins, Gary S.

255

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA MECH 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study Submitted to: Dr 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study i Executive Summary The objectives of this project were to show the effects of varying U.B.C. biodiesel content in fuel on engine performance, to observe

256

www.postersession.com Performance Analysis of Cottonseed Biodiesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

printed by www.postersession.com Performance Analysis of Cottonseed Biodiesel Sherwin Davoud1. Making biodiesel from crude cottonseed oil is difficult because transesterification doesn't take place Administration. (2007). Federal and State Ethanol and Biodiesel Requirements. Retrieved from http

Hutcheon, James M.

257

GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 GAS TURBINES AND BIODIESEL : A CLARIFICATION OF THE RELATIVE NOX INDICES OF FAME, GASOIL greenhouse gases emissions and the dependence on oil resources. Biodiesels are Fatty Acid Methyl Esters: rapeseed ("RME"), soybean ("SME"), sunflower, palm etc. A fraction of biodiesel has also an animal origin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Electrical Generating Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electrical generating facilities are exempt from sales and use taxes in North Dakota. The exemption is granted for the purchase of building materials, production equipment, and any other tangible...

259

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Electrical Generating Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In Indiana, transactions involving manufacturing machinery, tools, and equipment are exempt from the state gross retail tax if the property is used for the production of tangible personal property,...

260

Energy Used in Manufacturing Sales and Use Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Georgia enacted legislation in April 2012 (HB 386) creating an exemption for energy used in the manufacturing of a product from the state's sales and use taxes. The sale, use, storage, or...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Colorado exempts from the state's sales and use tax all sales, storage, and use of components used in the production of alternating current electricity from a renewable energy source. Effective...

262

What Will You be Buying for an Energy Tax Credit? | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

tax credit for energy efficiency. She found that it's important to make sure the manufacturer can provide a certification statement verifying that the product meets all...

263

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects...

264

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) The waste management...

265

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Enterprise Development Authority (Figtree PACE)- Statewide PACE Program (California)...

266

Analysis based on P.L. 110-343 (HR 1424) and the Senate Finance Committee's October 1, 2008 Staff Summary (Last Date Accessed: October 6, 2008).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilities, Private Business - Energy Producers, Financial Investors §202 | Extension of Biodiesel Production the $1.00 per gallon production tax credit for biodiesel and the 10¢/gallon credit for small biodiesel-102 | Extension & Modification of the Production Tax Credit (PTC) For wind and refined coal, the bill extends

267

Optimum Requirements for the Synthesis of Biodiesel Using Fatty Acid Distillates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optimum requirements of temperature, retention time, mole ratio of reactants and catalyst for the direct synthesis of biodiesel from fatty acid distillates of palm kernel oil using tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid as catalyst was studied. The following parameters were used for the efficient and economic production of biodiesel: eight (8) moles of methanol per mole of fatty acid, 0.06 mole of tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid per mole of fatty acid, a retention time of sixty (60) minutes and reaction temperature of 65 OC. And this gave a maximum percentage yield of 98.4. Other parameters obtained include: an acid value of 0.1683 mg KOH/g, iodine value of 15.3549, flash point of 209 OC, viscosity of 3.7957 mm2s-1, density of 0.8776 g cm-3, water content of 400.05 mg kg-1, soap content of 2.30 mg/kg, and ester content of 98.804 %. From the obtained parameters, the biodiesel produced from fatty acid distillates of palm kernel oil reaches prescribed international standards for biodiesel production.

Akunna E. Ejele

268

Energy Tax Savers' EPAct and Tax Incentives Presentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pump Tax Credit/Grant for Business l Geothermal Heat Pump Tax Credit for Residential 2 #12;Energy Charles.Goulding@EnergyTaxSavers.com #12;Presentation Index l EPAct l Bonus Depreciation l Geothermal Heat. Building Envelope ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) HVAC

269

Corporate Jobs Tax Credit (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Corporate Jobs Tax Credit is a one-time tax credit ranging from up to $225 for each net new permanent job created as the result of a new business start-up or the expansion of an existing one. ...

270

Focus Area Tax Credits (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Focus Area Tax Credits for businesses in Baltimore City or Prince George’s County enterprise zones include: (1) Ten-year, 80% credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property...

271

Renewable Energy Sales Tax Exemptions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wisconsin has two sales tax exemptions that apply to renewable energy. Legislation enacted in 1979 exempts wood sold as a fuel for residential use from the state sales and use tax (Wis. Stat. § 77...

272

Small Business Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Kentucky Small Business Tax Credit (KSBTC) program is designed to encourage small business growth and job creation by providing a nonrefundable state income tax credit to eligible small...

273

Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Empowerment Zone Tax Credit allows for eligible businesses located in such zones a $500 credit against income tax liability for each qualifying employee the first year, $1,000 for the second...

274

Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: This tax credit expired at the end of 2011. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 retroactively renewed this tax credit effective January 1, 2012, expiring again on December 31, 2013....

275

Capital Investment Tax Credit (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Capital Investment Tax Credit is an annual credit, provided for up to twenty years, against the corporate income tax. Eligible projects are those in designated high-impact portions of the...

276

Department of Biological Engineering Fall 2012 Solar Innovations Inc. Biodiesel Fleet Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Biological Engineering Fall 2012 Solar Innovations Inc. Biodiesel Fleet work. The goal was to research and implement biodiesel into their fleet by finding the best biodiesel for the implementation of biodiesel into their fleet. This will include: · Prospective suppliers of biodiesel fuel

Demirel, Melik C.

277

Big Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey: EnergyBerthoud,Biodiesel Place:Forge07. ItBiodiesel LLC

278

Life Cycle Assessment Comparing the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in the Indian Road and Rail Sectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This life cycle assessment of Jatropha biodiesel production and use evaluates the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emission (not considering land-use change), net energy value (NEV), and net petroleum consumption impacts of substituting Jatropha biodiesel for conventional petroleum diesel in India. Several blends of biodiesel with petroleum diesel are evaluated for the rail freight, rail passenger, road freight, and road-passenger transport sectors that currently rely heavily on petroleum diesel. For the base case, Jatropha cultivation, processing, and use conditions that were analyzed, the use of B20 results in a net reduction in GHG emissions and petroleum consumption of 14% and 17%, respectively, and a NEV increase of 58% compared with the use of 100% petroleum diesel. While the road-passenger transport sector provides the greatest sustainability benefits per 1000 gross tonne kilometers, the road freight sector eventually provides the greatest absolute benefits owing to substantially higher projected utilization by year 2020. Nevertheless, introduction of biodiesel to the rail sector might present the fewest logistic and capital expenditure challenges in the near term. Sensitivity analyses confirmed that the sustainability benefits are maintained under multiple plausible cultivation, processing, and distribution scenarios. However, the sustainability of any individual Jatropha plantation will depend on site-specific conditions.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.20 (incorporating DOE-2.1E (v120)) qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings.

280

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.22 (incorporating DOE-2.1E (v120)) qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Tax Deduction Qualified Software  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On this page you'll find information about the EnergyGauge Summit version 3.21 (incorporating DOE-2.1E (v120)) qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings.

282

WI Biodiesel Blending Progream Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Wisconsin State Energy Office�¢����s (SEO) primary mission is to implement cost�¢���effective, reliable, balanced, and environmentally�¢���friendly clean energy projects. To support this mission the Wisconsin Biodiesel Blending Program was created to financially support the installation infrastructure necessary to directly sustain biodiesel blending and distribution at petroleum terminal facilities throughout Wisconsin. The SEO secured a federal directed award of $600,000 over 2.25 years. With these funds, the SEO supported the construction of inline biodiesel blending facilities at two petroleum terminals in Wisconsin. The Federal funding provided through the state provided a little less than half of the necessary investment to construct the terminals, with the balance put forth by the partners. Wisconsin is now home to two new biodiesel blending terminals. Fusion Renewables on Jones Island (in the City of Milwaukee) will offer a B100 blend to both bulk and retail customers. CITGO is currently providing a B5 blend to all customers at their Granville, WI terminal north of the City of Milwaukee.

Redmond, Maria E; Levy, Megan M

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of biodiesel fuels blend surrogate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of biodiesel fuels blend surrogate of biodiesel fuels in diesel and homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Keywords: Methyl decanoate; Methyl decenoate; Surrogate; Oxidation; Biodiesel fuels; Kinetic modeling; Engine; Low

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

A numerical investigation into the anomalous slight NOx increase when burning biodiesel; A new (old) theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. et al, 2005. The Biodiesel Handbook. AOCS Publishing,x Increase When Burning Biodiesel; A New (Old) Theory GeorgeIncrease When Burning Biodiesel; A New (Old) Theory. Fuel

Ban-Weiss, George A.; Chen, J.Y.; Buchholz, Bruce A.; Dibble, Robert W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Temperature and higher NO 2 :NOx have negligible impact on overall NOx Conversion Biodiesel Near-term Impacts Literature Review "Effect of Biodiesel Blends on Urea...

286

Fueling America Through Renewable Resources What Is Biodiesel?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of vegetable oil as a fuel source in diesel engines is as old as the diesel engine itself. However, the demand to develop and utilize plant oils and animal fats as biodiesel fuels has been limited until recently. The technical definition of biodiesel is: “The mono alkyl esters of long fatty acids derived from renewable lipid feedstock such as vegetable oils or animal fats, for use in compression ignition (diesel) engines ” (National Biodiesel Board, 1996). In simple terms, biodiesel is a renewable fuel manufactured from methanol and vegetable oil, animal fats, and recycled cooking fats (U.S. Department of Energy, 2006). The term “biodiesel ” itself is often misrepresented and misused. Biodiesel only refers to 100 % pure fuel (B100) that meets the definition above and specific standards given

Shawn P. Conley; Department Of Agronomy

287

Methods and catalysts for making biodiesel from the transesterification and esterification of unrefined oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of forming a biodiesel product and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system according to one aspect of the present disclosure represents a class of zinc and lanthanum oxide heterogeneous catalysts that include different ratios of zinc oxide to lanthanum oxides (Zn:La ratio) ranging from about 10:0 to 0:10. The Zn:La ratio in the catalyst is believed to have an effect on the number and reactivity of Lewis acid and base sites, as well as the transesterification of glycerides, the esterification of fatty acids, and the hydrolysis of glycerides and biodiesel.

Yan, Shuli (Detroit, MI); Salley, Steven O. (Grosse Pointe Park, MI); Ng, K. Y. Simon (West Bloomfield, MI)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

288

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, Xin He and Robert L. McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory October 5,...

289

Impact of Biodiesel on Modern Diesel Engine Emissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact of Biodiesel on Modern Diesel Engine Emissions Vehicle Technologies Program Merit Review - Fuels and Lubricants Technologies PI: Bob McCormick Presenter: Aaron Williams May...

290

Biodiesel Utilization: Update on Recent Analytical Techniques (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To understand and increase the use of biodiesel, analytical methods need to be shared and compared to ensure that accurate data are gathered on this complex fuel.

Alleman, T. L.; Fouts, L.; Luecke, J.; Thornton, M.; McAlpin, C.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide: Fourth Edition (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intended for those who blend, distribute, and use biodiesel and its blends, this guide contains procedures for handling and using these fuels.

Not Available

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Effect of Biodiesel Blends on Diesel Particulate Filter Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presents results of tests of ultra-low sulfur diesel blended with soy-biodiesel at 5 percent using a Cummins ISB engine with a diesel particulate filter.

Williams, A.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R. R.; Ireland, J.; Fang, H. L.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Quality Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality For biofuels to succeed in the marketplace, they must be easy to use with a minimum of problems....

294

Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for eligible expenditures on or after July 1, 2012.'''''

295

Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for eligible expenditures on or after July 1, 2012.'''''

296

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) An application for a pollution control tax exemption certificate shall be filed with the state tax commission in a manner and in a form as...

297

Electrical Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Act reforms taxes paid by electricity generators to reduce tax rates and imposes replacement taxes in response to the 1997 restructuring of the Montana electric utility industry that allows...

298

Job Tax Credit and Super Credit (Tennessee)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Job Tax Credit Program is a tax credit program for companies investing at least $500,000 and creating 25 new jobs in a 12-month period. The company creating these jobs can claim a Job Tax...

299

Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit allows a tax credit of 5% of the amount paid for any new fixed capital investment. Companies with fewer than 800 full-time employees may take a tax credit...

300

Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Renewable Energy Tax Incentive Program provides various tax exemptions to businesses that either use or manufacture or install solar or wind energy. They can receive franchise tax deductions...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Solar Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Mexico has a gross receipts tax structure for businesses instead of a sales tax. Businesses are taxed on the gross amount of their business receipts each year before expenses are deducted....

302

Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax...

303

Renewable Energy Property Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute exempts renewable energy equipment from property taxes. Renewable energy includes wind, solar thermal electric, photovoltaic, biomass, hydropower, geothermal, and landfill gas...

304

New Market Tax Credit (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Illinois New Markets Development Program provides supplemental funding for investment entities that have been approved for the Federal New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program. This program will...

305

Large Wind Property Tax Reduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2001, North Dakota established property tax reductions for commercial wind turbines constructed before 2011. Originally, the law reduced the taxable value of centrally-assessed* wind turbines...

306

Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation establishing a 30% state income tax credit for certain renewable energy installations on residential and commercial property (see the [http://www...

307

Energy Efficiency Tax Credits (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation allowing a 30% state income tax credit for taxpayers who install certain energy efficiency measures on their principal residence or residential rental...

308

Fast gas chromatographic separation of biodiesel.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-speed gas chromatographic method has been developed to determine the FAME distribution of B100 biodiesel. The capillary column used in this work has dimensions of 20 m x 0.100 mm and is coated with a polyethylene glycol film. Analysis times are typically on the order of 4-5 min depending upon the composition of the B100. The application of this method to a variety of vegetable and animal derived B100 is demonstrated. Quantitative results obtained with this method were in close agreement with those obtained by a more conventional approach on a 100 m column. The method, coupled with solid-phase extraction, was also found suitable to determine the B100 content of biodiesel-diesel blends.

Pauls, R. E. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onAlternative FuelInfrastructure Development toBiodiesel

310

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Climate Action Plan (Massachusetts) In August 2008, Governor Deval Patrick signed into law the...

311

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Climate Action Plan (Vermont) There is a growing scientific consensus that increasing emissions of...

312

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Canadian River Compact (Texas) The Canadian River Commission administers the Canadian River Compact...

313

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) No construction shall commence...

314

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Connecticut Water Diversion Policy Act (Connecticut) This section describes regulations and permit...

315

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital...

316

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Chesapeake Forest Lands (Maryland) The Chesapeake Forest Lands are most of the former land holdings...

317

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rural Electric Cooperative Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) No construction...

318

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Municipal Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings DEMEC- Green Energy Fund '''''Note: The Green Energy Fund regulations are currently under...

319

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut)...

320

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Cells Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

MunicipalPublic Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control (North Dakota) The Department of Health is the designated agency to...

322

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season...

323

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Government Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

324

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Industrial Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

325

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cooperative Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season...

326

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

327

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Schools Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation...

328

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Govt Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season...

329

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Investor-Owned Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 5- Fugitive Dust (Rhode Island) These regulations aim...

330

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nonprofit Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

331

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

MunicipalPublic Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 46 and 47- CO2 Budget Trading Program and Allowance...

332

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cooperative Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

333

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Commercial Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

334

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

StateProvincial Govt Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) This rule states standards for emission inventory...

335

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Investor-Owned Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) This chapter enumerates primary and secondary ambient air...

336

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

337

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems Integrator Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) This rule states standards for emission inventory...

338

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 1- Visible Emissions (Rhode Island) The regulations state...

339

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings City of Bloomington- Sustainable Development Incentives The City of Bloomington offers fee waivers and other...

340

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solar Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings CPS Energy- Solar Hot Water Rebate Program As part of a larger program designed to reduce electricity demand...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Integrator, Fuel Distributor, Nonprofit, General PublicConsumer, Transportation Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit (Kentucky) Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit provides for a...

342

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

MunicipalPublic Utility Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Carbon Sequestration Advisory Committee (Nebraska) Under this statute, the Director of...

343

Economic Development Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Economic Development Tax Credit (ETC) program was enacted in 2009 and eliminated five existing tax credit programs (Agricultural Development Zones, Airport Development Zones, Community...

344

Renewable Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit (South Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

South Carolina offers a ten percent income tax credit to the manufacturers of renewable energy operations* for tax years 2010 through 2015.

345

Residential Tax Credits Boost Maryland Geothermal Business |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Tax Credits Boost Maryland Geothermal Business Residential Tax Credits Boost Maryland Geothermal Business June 18, 2010 - 12:09pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications...

346

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings CPS Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program CPS Energy offers a variety of rebates for...

347

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) No construction shall commence on...

348

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) The Belle Fourche River Compact, agreed to by South Dakota...

349

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital...

350

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings APS- Multifamily Energy Efficiency Program In order to meet Arizona's 22% energy reduction by 2020...

351

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Alameda Municipal Power- Commercial New Construction Rebate Program Alameda Municipal Power (AMP)...

352

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada) The purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the...

353

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Construction Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings CPS Energy- New Commercial Construction Incentives CPS Energy offers incentives for new commercial...

354

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings AEP Texas Central Company- SMART Source Solar PV Rebate Program American Electric Power Texas Central Company...

355

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Building Energy Code ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S....

356

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program...

357

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings AEP Ohio- Renewable Energy Credit (REC) Purchase Program '''''Note: This program is currently closed....

358

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retail Supplier, Rural Electric Cooperative, Utility Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics Economic Development Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) The Economic Development Tax...

359

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Austin Energy- Residential Solar PV Rebate Program Austin Energy's Solar Rebate Program offers a...

360

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Alternative Energy Revolving Loan Program The Alternative Energy Revolving Loan Program (AERLP)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital...

362

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Photovoltaics Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Advanced Energy Fund Ohio's Advanced Energy Fund was originally authorized by the state's 1999...

363

A Dozen Reasons for Raising Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

States have the right gasoline tax? University of Californiajuly). A primer on gasoline prices. http://www.eia.gov/pub/Reasons for Raising Gasoline Taxes Martin Wachs RESEARCH

Wachs, Martin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Optimal Gas Tax for California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Taxes Division. CA Net Taxable Gasoline Gallons (Including Aviation Gasoline). http://www.boe.ca.gov /of Federal and State Gasoline Taxes. Economics Letters, 83,

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Prince, Lea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Renewable Energy Systems Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Utah's individual income tax credit for renewable energy systems includes provisions for both residential and commercial applications. The Utah Office of Energy Development administers the tax...

366

Galib, “Biodiesel from jatropha oil as an alternative fuel for diesel engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investigates the prospect of making of biodiesel from jatropha oil. Jatropha curcas is a renewable non

Kazi Mostafijur Rahman; Mohammad Mashud; Md. Roknuzzaman; Asadullah Al Galib

367

Studies on Characterization of raw Jatropha oil and its biodiesels with relevance of diesel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biodiesel produced from jatropha oil by transesterification process represents one of the most promising

V. B. Shambhu; T. K. Bhattacharya; L. K. Nayak; S. Das

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Biodiesel Sim: Crowdsourcing Simulations for Complex Model Analysis Derek Riley, Xiaowei Zhang, Xenofon Koutsoukos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiesel Sim: Crowdsourcing Simulations for Complex Model Analysis Derek Riley, Xiaowei Zhang Computation, Biodiesel Abstract Biodiesel is an alternative fuel source that can be easily made by novices of the proces- sor. A biodiesel processor is a complex system that can be modeled and simulated using formal

Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

369

Kinetic Modeling of Combustion Characteristics of Real Biodiesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel fuels are of much interest today either for replacing or blending with conventional fuels for automotive applications. Predicting engine effects of using biodiesel fuel requires accurate understanding of the combustion characteristics of the fuel, which can be acquired through analysis using reliable detailed reaction mechanisms. Unlike gasoline or diesel that consists of hundreds of chemical compounds, biodiesel fuels contain only a limited number of compounds. Over 90% of the biodiesel fraction is composed of 5 unique long-chain C{sub 18} and C{sub 16} saturated and unsaturated methyl esters. This makes modeling of real biodiesel fuel possible without the need for a fuel surrogate. To this end, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed for determining the combustion characteristics of a pure biodiesel (B100) fuel, applicable from low- to high-temperature oxidation regimes. This model has been built based on reaction rate rules established in previous studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Computed results are compared with the few fundamental experimental data that exist for biodiesel fuel and its components. In addition, computed results have been compared with experimental data for other long-chain hydrocarbons that are similar in structure to the biodiesel components.

Naik, C V; Westbrook, C K

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Electronic Commerce: A Taxing Dilemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the last five years, remote selling-led by online organizations- has surged. The resulting growth has created concern among both traditional and remote sellers as they jockey for improved competitive position and governmental entities, in particular US states, over the erosion of their tax revenues as sales are diverted to remote sellers. This paper explores the issues and potential solutions surrounding the e-commerce tax dilemma. It provides a current assessment of the taxation environment for individuals and organizations impacted by the tax debate. Those individuals and organizations might include online business customers, remote sellers both traditional (mail order) and online, tax equity organizations, and governmental bodies. Current tax obligations are explored based on landmark legal decisions. Potential short and long-term solutions are assessed.

Steven John Simon

371

Carbon taxes and India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Social Security and Medicare Tax Liability An exemption from social security and Medicare taxes applies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Such persons are exempt from social security and Medicare taxes as long as they remain nonresident aliens for tax purposes. Those who become resident aliens must start paying social security and Medicare taxes resident aliens. If so, they must pay social security and Medicare taxes. Federal tax regulations state

Chen, Tsuhan

373

Quality Parameters and Chemical Analysis for Biodiesel Produced in the United States in 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples of biodiesel (B100) from producers and terminals in 2011were tested for critical properties: free and total glycerin, flash point, cloud point, oxidation stability, cold soak filterability, and metals. Failure rates for cold soak filterability and oxidation stability were below 5%. One sample failed flash point due to excess methanol. One sample failed oxidation stability and metal content. Overall, 95% of the samples from this survey met biodiesel quality specification ASTM D6751. In 2007, a sampling of B100 from production facilities showed that nearly 90% met D6751. In samples meeting D6751, calcium was found above the method detection limit in nearly half the samples. Feedstock analysis revealed half the biodiesel was produced from soy and half was from mixed feedstocks. The saturated fatty acid methyl ester concentration of the B100 was compared to the saturated monoglyceride concentration as a percent of total monoglyceride. The real-world correlation of these properties was very good. The results of liquid chromatograph measurement of monoglycerides were compared to ASTM D6751. Agreement between the two methods was good, particularly for total monoglycerides and unsaturated monoglycerides. Because only very low levels of saturated monoglycerides measured, the two methods had more variability, but the correlation was still acceptable.

Alleman, T. L.; Fouts, L.; Chupka, G.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Tax Credits and Renewable Generation (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Tax incentives have been an important factor in the growth of renewable generation over the past decade, and they could continue to be important in the future. The Energy Tax Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-618) established ITCs for wind, and EPACT92 established the Renewable Electricity Production Credit (more commonly called the PTC) as an incentive to promote certain kinds of renewable generation beyond wind on the basis of production levels. Specifically, the PTC provided an inflation-adjusted tax credit of 1.5 cents per kilowatthour for generation sold from qualifying facilities during the first 10 years of operation. The credit was available initially to wind plants and facilities that used closed-loop biomass fuels and were placed in service after passage of the Act and before June 1999.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Biodiesel Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsBSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdfBetter BuildingsBetterBiodiesel Fuel Basics

376

Brownfield Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais a village inBrownfield Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation,

377

General Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCellGemini Solar Development CompanyBiodiesel

378

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAreSmartWay TransportEthanolAll-Electric VehiclesBiodiesel Vehicle

379

Microsoft Word - Biodiesel.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude Oil Production Outlook 1April9 1

380

Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Carolina offers a tax credit equal to 35% of the cost of eligible renewable energy property constructed, purchased or leased by a taxpayer and placed into service in North Carolina during the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Efficiency Tax Credits (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation establishing a 30% state income tax credit for taxpayers that install certain energy efficiency measures on commercial property. The 30% credit (up to ...

382

Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Wisconsin)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose for the Enterprise Zone Tax Credits is to incent projects involving major expansion of existing Wisconsin businesses or relocation of major business operations from other states to...

383

Renewable Energy Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Carolina offers a tax credit equal to 35% of the cost of eligible renewable energy property constructed, purchased or leased by a taxpayer and placed into service in North Carolina during the...

384

Tax Abatement for Solar Manufacturers  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Senate Bill [http://www.leg.wa.gov/pub/billinfo/2005-06/Pdf/Bills/Session%20Law%20200... 5111], signed by Washington's governor in May 2005, created a reduced business and occupation (B&O) tax...

385

Clean Energy Tax Credit (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Clean Energy Tax Credit is 0.85 cents for each kilowatt hour of electricity sold that was produced from a Maryland qualified energy resource during the 5-year period specified in the initial...

386

Residential Solar Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New York enacted legislation in July 2005 exempting the sale and installation of residential solar-energy systems from the state's sales and compensating use taxes. The exemption was extended to...

387

Solar Market Development Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Mexico provides a 10% personal income tax credit (up to $9,000) for residents and businesses (non-corporate), including agricultural enterprises, who purchase and install certified...

388

Renewable Energy Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Utah exempts the purchase or lease of equipment used to generate electricity from renewable resources from the state sales tax. Eligible purchases or leases must be made for or by a renewable...

389

Is the gasoline tax regressive?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Claims of the regressivity of gasoline taxes typically rely on annual surveys of consumer income and expenditures which show that gasoline expenditures are a larger fraction of income for very low income households than ...

Poterba, James M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Wind Energy Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Wind-energy conversion systems used as electric-power sources are exempt from Minnesota's sales tax. Materials used to manufacture, install, construct, repair or replace wind-energy systems also...

391

Wind Energy Manufacturing Tax Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With the passage of [http://www.arkansasenergy.org/media/261385/act736.pdf HB 2230 (2009)] in April 2009, the Arkansas Legislature expanded a tax incentive for manufacturers of windmill blades or...

392

Solar Energy Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Jersey offers a full exemption from the state's sales tax (currently 7%) for all solar energy equipment. This exemption is available to all taxpayers. All major types solar energy equipment,...

393

Solar Energy Sales Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In Minnesota, solar-energy systems purchased on or after August 1, 2005, are exempt from the state's sales tax. Solar energy systems are defined as "a set of devices whose primary purpose is to...

394

Residential Alternative Energy Tax Deduction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute allows taxpayers an income tax deduction of 40% of the cost of a solar, wind, geothermal, and certain biomass energy devices used for heating or electricity generation. Taxpayers can...

395

Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Established by ''The Energy Policy Act of 2005'', the federal tax credit for residential energy property initially applied to solar-electric systems, solar water heating systems and fuel cells. '...

396

Coal Severance Tax (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Coal Severance Tax is imposed on all coal severed for sale or industrial purposes, except coal used for heating buildings in the state, coal used by the state or any political subdivision of...

397

Clean Energy Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''NOTE: Due to a high level of interest, the Clean Energy Tax Credit annual funding of $5 million for years 2012, 2013 and 2014 has been fully allocated to compensate applicants wait listed from...

398

Job Tax Credit (South Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Job Tax Credit (JTC) is a statutory incentive offered to companies, both existing and new, that create new jobs in the state. The credit is available to companies that establish or expand...

399

Formation Kinetics of Nitric Oxide of Biodiesel Relative to Petroleum Diesel under Comparable Oxygen Equivalence Ratio in a Homogeneous Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest in biodiesel has piqued with advent of stringent emissions regulations. Biodiesel is a viable substitute for petroleum diesel because biodiesel produces significantly lower particulate and soot emissions relative to petroleum diesel. Higher...

Rathore, Gurlovleen K.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

Quality, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel Blends  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impacts of Biodiesel Blends Bob McCormick (PI) With Teresa Alleman, Wendy Clark, Lisa Fouts, John Ireland, Mike Lammert, Jon Luecke, Dan Pedersen, Ken Proc, Matt Ratcliff, Matt...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Impacts of Rail Pressure and Biodiesel Composition on Soot Nanostructu...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rail Pressure and Biodiesel Composition on Soot Nanostructure P-20 Ye, P 1 ; Sun, C-X 1 ; Lapuerta, M 2 ; Agudelo, J 3 ; Vander Wal, R 1 ; Boehman, AL 1 , Toops, TJ 4 ; Daw, CS 4...

402

Coal Conversion Facility Privilege Tax Exemptions (North Dakota)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Coal Conversion Facility Privilege Tax Exemptions are granted under a variety of conditions through the North Dakota Tax Department. Privilege tax, which is in lieu of property taxes on the...

403

Design and Analysis of Flexible Biodiesel Processes with Multiple Feedstocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF FLEXIBLE BIODIESEL PROCESSES WITH MULTIPLE FEEDSTOCKS A Dissertation by GRACE AMARACHUKWU POKOO-AIKINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF FLEXIBLE BIODIESEL PROCESSES WITH MULTIPLE FEEDSTOCKS A Dissertation by GRACE AMARACHUKWU POKOO...

Pokoo-Aikins, Grace Amarachukwu

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Quantitative NMR Analysis of Partially Substituted Biodiesel Glycerols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phosphitylation of hydroxyl groups in biodiesel samples with 2-chloro-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane followed by 31P-NMR analysis provides a rapid quantitative analytical technique for the determination of substitution patterns on partially esterified glycerols. The unique 31P-NMR chemical shift data was established with a series mono and di-substituted fatty acid esters of glycerol and then utilized to characterize an industrial sample of partially processed biodiesel.

Nagy, M.; Alleman, T. L.; Dyer, T.; Ragauskas, A. J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Optimal engineered algae composition for the integrated simultaneous production of bioethanol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal engineered algae composition for the integrated simultaneous production of bioethanol of the algae for the simultaneous production of bioethanol and biodiesel. We consider two alternative technologies for the biodiesel synthesis from algae oil, enzymatic or homogeneous alkali catalyzed, the most

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

406

Liquid Fuels Taxes and Credits (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Provides a review of the treatment of federal fuels taxes and tax credits in Annual Energy Outlook 2010.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Federal Fuels Taxes and Tax Credits (Update) (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO) reference case incorporates current regulations that pertain to the energy industry. This section describes the handling of federal taxes and tax credits in AEO2008, focusing primarily on areas where regulations have changed or the handling of taxes or tax credits has been updated.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit (Corporate) (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa offers a 15% corporate tax credit for solar energy systems. The credit is based on the federal tax credits for solar; a taxpayer may claim 50% of the value of the [http://dsireusa.org...

409

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit provides for a property tax credit for new clean coal facilities constructed at a cost exceeding 150 million and used for the purposes of...

410

Article 3J Tax Credits (North Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Article 3J Tax Credits can be used to offset up to 50% of a taxpayer’s state income and/or franchise tax liability. The credits are offered for businesses which create fulltime jobs, invest in...

411

New Market Tax Credits-REI (Oklahoma)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The New Market Tax Credits-REI is a tool to meet the challenge of economic development in low-income rural and urban communities. This program Objective offers investors an attractive tax benefit...

412

Energy-Efficient Appliance Manufacturing Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: This tax credit expired at the end of 2011. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 retroactively renewed this tax credit for certain appliances manufactured in 2012 and 2013. '''''

413

Rural Job Tax Credit Program (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rural Job Tax Credit Program is an incentive for businesses located within one of the 36-designated Qualified Rural Areas to create new jobs. The tax credit ranges from $1000 to $1500 per...

414

Rural Jobs Tax Credit (New Mexico)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This credit can be applied to taxes due on (state) gross receipts, corporate income, or personal income tax.  Rural New Mexico is defined as any part of the state other than Los Alamos County;...

415

Corporate Headquarters Tax Credit (West Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Corporate Headquarters Tax Credit is available to companies who relocate their corporate headquarters to West Virginia and create 15 new jobs. The credit can offset up to 100% of the tax...

416

Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption offers businesses located in such economic development zones a 100 percent sales tax exemption on the purchase of labor and materials to construct or remodel...

417

Brownfield/Grayfield Tax Credit Program (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Brownfield/Grayfield Tax Credit Program offers qualifying projects tax credits of 24% for qualifying costs of a Brownfield project and 30% if the project meets green building requirements....

418

Variable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent Changes in State Gasoline Taxation: An Analysis ofMarch The excise tax on gasoline in New York is 8.0 centsis also a sales tax on gasoline which recently stood at 7.8

Ang-Olson, Jeffrey; Wachs, Martin; Taylor, Brian D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Variable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J Bradshaw, "SLate ’F~es’ Gasoline Tax So ~t Wdl Rise," TheVarlable-Rate State Gasoline Taxers Jeffrey Ang-Olson MartinVariable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes Jeffrey Ang-Olson

Ang-Olson, Jeffrey; Wachs, Martin; Taylor, Brian D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Alternative Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit (Utah)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Alternative Energy Development Incentive (AEDI) is a post-performance non-refundable tax credit for up to 100% of new state tax revenues (including, state, corporate, sales and withholding...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit provides for a property tax credit for new clean coal facilities constructed at a cost exceeding $150 million and used for the purposes of generating electricity....

422

Carroll County- Green Building Property Tax Credit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The state of Maryland permits Carroll County (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-308(e)) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings if it chooses to do so.* Carroll County has exercised...

423

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Businesses locating in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments. Businesses located in one of two focus...

424

Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit (Personal) (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa offers a 15% individual tax credit for solar energy systems. The credit is based on the federal tax credits for solar; individuals can claim 50% of the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives...

425

Investigation of Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature Combustion Strategies Investigation of Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature Combustion Strategies ftp01lee.pdf More...

426

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using Cu-zeolite Impact of Biodiesel-Based Na on the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx Using...

427

Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term Durability of Advanced Aftertreatment Systems Impact of Biodiesel on the Near-term Performance and Long-term...

428

Pollutant Emissions from Biodiesels in Diesel Engine Tests and On-road Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest in biodiesel use is increasing due to concerns over the availability and environmental impact of petroleum fuels. In this study, we analyzed biodiesels prepared from seven different feedstocks: waste cooking oil, rapeseed oil, olive oil...

Zhong, Yue

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? September 16, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday,...

430

Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light Duty Tier 2...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light Duty Tier 2 Engine and Aftertreatment Systems Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light Duty Tier 2 Engine and...

431

Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light-Duty Tier 2...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light-Duty Tier 2 Engine and Aftertreatment Systems Biodiesel Effects on the Operation of U.S. Light-Duty Tier 2 Engine and...

432

100,000-Mile Evaluation of Transit Buses Operated on Biodiesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

00,000-Mile Evaluation of Transit Buses Operated on Biodiesel Blends (B20) 100,000-Mile Evaluation of Transit Buses Operated on Biodiesel Blends (B20) Presentation given at DEER...

433

Combining Biodiesel and EGR for Low-Temperature NOx and PM Reductions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel and EGR for Low-Temperature NOx and PM Reductions Combining Biodiesel and EGR for Low-Temperature NOx and PM Reductions Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel...

434

System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine The objective of the current...

435

TAX FILING INFORMATION FOR NONRESIDENT ALIENS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TAX FILING INFORMATION FOR NONRESIDENT ALIENS The tax filing information supplied here is being://www.irs.gov/pub/irspdf/p513.pdf o Pub 519 US Tax Guide for Aliens § http://www.irs.gov/pub/irspdf/p519.pdf o Pub 901 US;· IRS FEDERAL FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS o Form 1040NREZ US Nonresident Alien Tax Return for Certain Non

Saldin, Dilano

436

Property Tax Exemption for Wind Generators (Oklahoma)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The state of Oklahoma offers a five year ad valorem property tax exemption for certain windpower generators.

437

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Commercial, Industrial Savings Category: Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Photovoltaics Alternative Energy Investment Tax Credit (Personal) Commercial and net metering...

438

Evaluation and Comparison of Test Methods to Measure the Oxidation Stability of Neat Biodiesel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to compare and evaluate several candidate test methods for evaluating oxidation stability of biodiesel.

Westbrook, S. R.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON JATROPHA OIL AS A BIODIESEL FUEL WITH ANALYSIS OF ITS EMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

jatropha oil can be a good choice as a biodiesel for diesel engines. Experimental results have shown it as

unknown authors

440

Matrix Optimization for the MALDI-TOF-MS Analysis of Trace Biodiesel Components (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trace biodiesel components that could reduce the fuel's operability in cold weather are analyzed using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.

McAlpin, C. R.; Voorhees, K. J.; Alleman, T. L.; McCormick, R. L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Developing New Alternative Energy in Virginia: Bio-Diesel from Algae  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this study was to select chemical processing equipment, install and operate that equipment to directly convert algae to biodiesel via a reaction patented by Old Dominion University (Pat. No. US 8,080,679B2). This reaction is a high temperature (250- 330{degrees}C) methylation reaction utilizing tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) to produce biodiesel. As originally envisioned, algal biomass could be treated with TMAH in methanol without the need to separately extract triacylglycerides (TAG). The reactor temperature allows volatilization and condensation of the methyl esters whereas the spent algae solids can be utilized as a high-value fertilizer because they are minimally charred. During the course of this work and immediately prior to commencing, we discovered that glycerol, a major by-product of the conventional transesterification reaction for biofuels, is not formed but rather three methoxylated glycerol derivatives are produced. These derivatives are high-value specialty green chemicals that strongly upgrade the economics of the process, rendering this approach as one that now values the biofuel only as a by-product, the main value products being the methoxylated glycerols. A horizontal agitated thin-film evaporator (one square foot heat transfer area) proved effective as the primary reactor facilitating the reaction and vaporization of the products, and subsequent discharge of the spent algae solids that are suitable for supplementing petrochemicalbased fertilizers for agriculture. Because of the size chosen for the reactor, we encountered problems with delivery of the algal feed to the reaction zone, but envision that this problem could easily disappear upon scale-up or can be replaced economically by incorporating an extraction process. The objective for production of biodiesel from algae in quantities that could be tested could not be met, but we implemented use of soybean oil as a surrogate TAG feed to overcome this limitation. The positive economics of this process are influenced by the following: 1. the weight percent of dry algae in suspension that can be fed into the evaporator, 2. the alga species’ ability to produce a higher yield of biodiesel, 3. the isolation of valuable methoxylated by-products, 4. recycling and regeneration of methanol and TMAH, and 5. the market value of biodiesel, commercial agricultural fertilizer, and the three methoxylated by-products. The negative economics of the process are the following: 1. the cost of producing dried, ground algae, 2. the capital cost of the equipment required for feedstock mixing, reaction, separation and recovery of products, and reactant recycling, and 3. the electrical cost and other utilities. In this report, the economic factors and results are assembled to predict the commercialization cost and its viability. This direct conversion process and equipment discussed herein can be adapted for various feedstocks including: other algal species, vegetable oil, jatropha oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil, and other TAG containing raw materials as a renewable energy resource.

Hatcher, Patrick [Old Dominion University

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

442

Ris Energy Report 2 Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils that have been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6.2 Risø Energy Report 2 Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils that have been chemically (canola) oil with methanol. Biodiesel can be burned directly in diesel engines. Robert Diesel himself, but it was not until the oil crisis of the 1970s that biofuels attracted serious interest. Biodiesel is reported

443

Sustainable distributed biodiesel manufacturing under uncertainty: An interval-parameter-programming-based approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable distributed biodiesel manufacturing under uncertainty: An interval A sophisticated biodiesel manufacturing study demonstrated methodological efficacy. a r t i c l e i n f o Article Simulation Uncertainty a b s t r a c t Biodiesel, a clean-burning alternative fuel, can be produced using

Huang, Yinlun

444

Experimental study of the oxidation of large surrogates for diesel and biodiesel fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental study of the oxidation of large surrogates for diesel and biodiesel fuels Mohammed of the oxidation of two blend surrogates for diesel and biodiesel fuels, n-decane/n-hexadecane and n-alkanes and methyl esters. Keywords: Oxidation; Diesel; Biodiesel; Methyl esters; n-Decane; n-Hexadecane; Methyl

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism for biodiesel components methyl stearate and methyl oleate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism for biodiesel components methyl stearate and methyl are developed for two of the five major components of biodiesel fuel, methyl stearate and methyl oleate renewable sources, can reduce net emissions of greenhouse gases. An important class of biodiesel fuels

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

Sustainability Analysis of African Palm Biodiesel in Ecuador: An Environmental, Socio-cultural, and Artistic Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability Analysis of African Palm Biodiesel in Ecuador: An Environmental, Socio Analysis of African Palm Biodiesel in Ecuador: An Environmental, Socio-cultural, and Artistic Perspective-based biodiesel, which is currently imported by the Unites States. An analysis of this specific interaction

447

Renewable and alteRnative eneRgy Fact Sheet Using Biodiesel Fuel in Your Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable and alteRnative eneRgy Fact Sheet Using Biodiesel Fuel in Your Engine introduction Biodiesel is an engine fuel that is created by chemically reacting fatty acids and alcohol. Practically sodium hydroxide). Biodiesel is much more suitable for use as an engine fuel than straight vegetable oil

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

448

Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments in a Global Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments in a Global Context by Matthew Johnston. All rights reserved. #12;#12;Evaluating the Potential for Large-Scale Biodiesel Deployments on the subject of biodiesel, but I can only hope she takes comfort knowing now much I appreciate everything she

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

449

Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters): Experiments and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters transportation fuel dedicated to the diesel engine, biodiesel, with an emphasis on ethyl esters because of biodiesel and related components, the main gaps in the field are highlighted to facilitate the convergence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Factors Affecting the Stability of Biodiesel Sold in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a survey of biodiesel quality and stability in the United States, 27 biodiesel (B100) samples were collected from blenders and distributor nationwide. For this sample set, 85% met all of the requirements of the industry standard for biodiesel, ASTM D6751.

McCormick, R. L.; Ratcliff, M.; Moens, L.; Lawrence, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for soy and rapeseed biodiesel fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms for soy and rapeseed biodiesel fuels C.K. Westbrooka chemical kinetic reaction mechanism is developed for the five major components of soy biodiesel and rapeseed biodiesel fuels. These components, methyl stearate, methyl oleate, methyl linoleate, methyl

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

Texas Taxes...A Fact Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

income Interest and other investment income Federal funds Tax collections 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 20#0; 40 60 80 100 10#0; 30 50 70 90 0#0; coin-operated amusement tax and other minor taxes. Altogether... of property escapes tax- ation because of exemptions, exclusions, and special treatment in determining taxable value. Major types of property to which the property tax does not apply include intangible personal assets such as stocks, bonds, and other non...

Jones, Lonnie L.; Stallmann, Judith I.; Tanyeri-Abur, Aysen

1998-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

453

Biogenic greenhouse gas emissions linked to the life cycles of biodiesel derived from European rapeseed and Brazilian soybeans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogenic greenhouse gas emissions linked to the life cycles of biodiesel derived from European determinants of life cycle emissions of greenhouse gases linked to the life cycle of biodiesel from European rapeseed and Brazilian soybeans. For biodiesel from European rapeseed and for biodiesel from Brazilian

454

Payments in Lieu of Taxes  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish general Department of Energy (DOE) procedures and responsibilities with regard to processing applications for payments in lieu of taxes (PILT) to certain State and local governments under the authority of section 168 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2208). Cancels DOE 2100.12A. Certified 1-31-07.

2003-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Arizona’s property tax exemption was established in June 2006 ([http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/47leg/2r/bills/hb2429s.pdf HB 2429]) and originally applied only to “solar energy devices and any other...

456

Money and Taxes Eric Hehner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009-3-9 0 ! Money and Taxes Eric Hehner ! Introduction ! Most money transactions now for the financial industry and for all of us. ! Money ! In this proposal, each person carries a handheld electronic device for money transfer. I will call this device a "mun". It could be a device specially

Hehner, Eric C.R.

457

Effects of Canola Biodiesel on a DI Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- A direct injection (DI) diesel engine is tested with different biodiesel-diesel blends, such as B0 (neat diesel), B5 (i.e., 5 vol. % biodiesel and 95 vol. % diesel), B10 (10 vol. % biodiesel), B20 (20 vol. % biodiesel), B50 (50 vol. % biodiesel), and B100 (neat biodiesel) for performance and emissions under different load conditions. Engine performance is examined by measuring brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) and fuel conversion efficiency (? f). The emission of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO 2) and others are measured. Biodiesel shows a significant CO and HC reduction compared to diesel under low load operation; under high load operation, however, CO with biodiesel is increased a little and HC emissions are very similar to that with diesel. On the other hand, under low load operation, NOx emission with biodiesel is significantly increased than diesel; however, under high load operation, there is almost no change in NOx emissions with biodiesel and diesel. Index Term- Canola biodiesel, diesel engine, engine performance, exhaust emissions.

Murari Mohon Roy; Majed Alawi; Wilson Wang

458

BioFacts: Fueling a stronger economy, Biodiesel. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a substitute for or an additive to diesel fuel that is derived from the oils and fats of plants. It is an alternative fuel that can be used in diesel engines and provides power similar to conventional diesel fuel. It is a biodegradable transportation fuel that contributes little, if any, net carbon dioxide or sulfur to the atmosphere, and is low in particulate emission. It is a renewable, domestically produced liquid fuel that can help reduce US dependence on foreign oil imports. This overview presents the resource potential, history, processing techniques, US DOE programs cost and utilization potential of biodiesel fuels.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free..., the US Su- preme Court refused to hear appeals from import- ers Rack Room Shoes Inc. and Forever 21 Inc., thereby blocking their attempts to challenge an earlier ruling by the Court of Internation- al Trade. The importers had argued before the Court...

Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

460

Engineering metabolic systems for production of advanced fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

keto acid pathways for bio- fuel production. The productionmaking bio- gasoline, bio-jet fuel, and biodiesel, as welldevelopment of bio-ethanol as an alternative fuel have led

Yan, Yajun; Liao, James C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Are Tax and Non-Tax Factors Associated with FIN 48 Disclosures?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benefits of aggressive tax positions, I examine whether firms’ level of aggressive tax positions is influenced by (1) financial reporting aggressiveness, (2) choice of auditor, (3) analyst coverage, and (4) corporate governance quality. Using ordinary least...

McDonald, Janet L.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

462

Tax policy to combat global warming : on designing a carbon tax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper develops several points concerning the design and implementation of a carbon tax. First, if implemented without any offsetting changes in transfer programs, the carbon tax would be regressive. This regressivity ...

Poterba, James M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Tax aspects of collapsible corporations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TAX ASPECTS OF COLLAPSIBLE CORPORATIONS A Thesis By HERMAN AUGUST LEHMANN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and 14 echanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS... his sincere appreciation for the guidance and assistance rendered by Professor Thomas Vi'. Leland in the preparation of this thesis. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page I. INTRODUCTION II. PROBLEMS RELATING TO COLLAPSIBLE CORPORATIONS Definition...

Lehmann, Herman August

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

Effective tax planning for Mexican operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differences in Mexico's economic and tax systems make it important for foreign investors in oil and gas development to understand these protective policies and investment barriers. American investors, for example, should plan for technology-based opportunities. Among the tax opportunities described are those dealing with site selection, type of ownership, foreign tax credits, income sourcing, and the use of a Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC). (DCK)

Smith, W.J.A.; Rodriguez, E.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Globalization and Developing Countries - a Shrinking Tax Base ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VAT/GDP Seigniorage/GDP Tariff/GDP Repression/GDP Total Tax/S.D. Min Max Correlations: Taxes VAT Seign. Tariff RepressSeigniorage/GDP Tariff/GDP Repression/GDP Total Tax/GDP

Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Economic Stimulus Act Extends Renewable Energy Tax Credits |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Extends Renewable Energy Tax Credits Economic Stimulus Act Extends Renewable Energy Tax Credits February 18, 2009 - 12:22pm Addthis The tax section of the American Recovery and...

467

Tax Credit for Manufacturers of Small Wind Turbines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: After a 2 year moratorium on all state tax credits, this credit may be claimed for tax year 2012 and subsequent tax years, for small wind turbines manufactured on or after July 1, 2012.'...

468

What Improvements Have You Made for an Energy Efficiency Tax...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Addthis Related Articles Energy Tax Credits: Stay Warm and Save MORE Money Celebrate Energy Awareness Month and Get a Tax Credit What Will You be Buying for an Energy Tax...

469

R&D Small Business Tax Credit (New Mexico)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A qualified small business R&D small business is eligible for a credit equal to the sum of all gross receipts taxes, compensating taxes, or withholding taxes due to the state for up to three...

470

Howard County- High Performance and Green Building Property Tax Credits  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The state of Maryland permits local governments (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-242) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings and energy conservation devices (Md Code: Property Tax §...

471

NYC property tax exemption program : existing policies and future planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New York City's tax expenditures relate to real property tax totaled $4.5 billion in fiscal year 2012. The largest expenditure relates to the "421-a" tax exemption program for new multi-family residential real estate ...

Wu, Jenny Chiani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Small Business Administration (SBA) Guarantee Fee Tax Credit (Oklahoma)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Small Business Administration (SBA) Guarantee Fee Tax Credit allows for small businesses operating in Oklahoma to claim a credit against income tax liability. This credit may be claimed for tax...

473

Coalition Cooperation Defines Roadmap for E85 and Biodiesel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Clean Cities success story relates how Colorado's Colorado Biofuels Coalition was formed and provides guidance on forming other such coalitions. This Colorado's coalition sucessfully increase the number of fueling stations providing biofuels and has goals to the number even more. Plans also include assisting with financing infrastructure, making alternative fuels available to more fleets, and educating about E85 and biodiesel use.

Not Available

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings AEP Ohio- Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) AEP Ohio offers incentives to commercial customers...

475

Property Tax Assessment for Commercial Wind Farms  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Pennsylvania enacted legislation in November 2006 providing that wind turbines and related equipment (including towers and foundations) may not be counted by tax assessors when setting property...

476

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Delaware Electric Cooperative- Green Energy Fund '''''Note: The Green Energy Fund regulations are currently under...

477

Tax free -myynti, Case: JYSK Lappeenranta.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tarkastella JYSK Lappeenrannan tax free -myyntiä. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuus perustuu kirjallisuuteen, verohallinnon ohjeisiin, erilaisiin tutkimuksiin sekä Global Bluelta saatuihin materiaaleihin. Teoriaosuus on… (more)

Hamari, Tanja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Solar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Virginia allows any county, city or town to exempt or partially exempt solar energy equipment or recycling equipment from local property taxes. Residential, commercial or industrial property is...

479

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

StateProvincial Govt, Systems Integrator, Utility Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics Angel Investment Credit (New Mexico) A taxpayer who files a New Mexico income tax...

480

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

federal tax credit for residential energy property initially applied to solar-electric systems, solar water heating systems and fuel cells. The Energy Improvement and Extension Act...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production tax" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) No construction shall commence on a fifth nuclear...

482

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) No construction shall commence on a fifth nuclear power facility until...

483

Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction allows businesses to deduct from their Alabama net worth the net amount invested in all devices, facilities, or structures, and all identifiable...

484

Clean and Green Property Tax Incentives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2007, the Legislature passed House Bill 3 (May special session) that established property tax incentives to encourage energy projects with less environmental impact than conventional facilities....

485

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings California Solar Initiative- Solar Thermal Program '''''Note: This program was modified by AB 2249, signed in September...

486

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial,...

487

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

tax credit for residential energy property initially applied to solar-electric systems, solar water heating systems and fuel cells. The... Eligibility: Residential Savings...

488

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Government, Nonprofit, State Government, Tribal Government Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Air-Quality Improvement Tax Incentives The Ohio Air...

489

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utility Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC) '''''Note: Note: The...

490

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rural Electric Cooperative, Transportation, Utility Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics Clean and Green Property Tax Incentives In 2007, the Legislature passed House Bill...

491

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial, Industrial Savings Category: Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels, Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement Local...

492

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

construction or repair to... Eligibility: State Government Savings Category: Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Anne Arundel County- High Performance Dwelling Property Tax...

493

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

generally results in a lower... Eligibility: Agricultural Savings Category: Photovoltaics, Solar Water Heat Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC) '''''Note: Note: The...

494

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential, Rural Electric Cooperative, Utility Savings Category: Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC) '''''Note: Note: The American Recovery...

495

Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Delaware Economic Development Authority provides tax-exempt bond financing for financial assistance to new or expanding businesses, governmental units and certain organizations that are exempt...

496

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Burbank Water and Power- Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program '''''Burbank Water and Power (BWP) accepted applications for...

497

Renewable Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Renewable energy systems which serve a residential, commercial or industrial building or irrigation system are exempt from property taxes. Qualified equipment includes solar, wind, geothermal,...

498

End-use taxes: Current EIA practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are inconsistencies in the EIA published end-use price data with respect to Federal, state, and local government sales and excise taxes; some publications include end-use taxes and others do not. The reason for including these taxes in end-use energy prices is to provide consistent and accurate information on the total cost of energy purchased by the final consumer. Preliminary estimates are made of the effect on prices (bias) reported in SEPER (State Energy Price and Expenditure Report) resulting from the inconsistent treatment of taxes. EIA has undertaken several actions to enhance the reporting of end-use energy prices.

Not Available

1994-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

499

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings An Act to Implement the Recommendations of the Governor's Ocean Energy Task Force (Maine) This law was enacted to overcome economic, technical and...

500

The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program provides free tax help to people with income under $58,000.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Tax Help The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program provides free tax help to people 28 March 6 March 20 March 27 April 3 Thursday March 1 March 29 Taxpayers interested in free help

Lawrence, Rick L.