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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Process simulation and economical evaluation of enzymatic biodiesel production plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Process simulation and economical evaluation of an enzymatic biodiesel production plant has been carried out. Enzymatic biodiesel production from high quality rapeseed oil and methanol has been investigated for solvent free and cosolvent production processes. Several scenarios have been investigated with different production scales (8 and 200 mio. kg biodiesel/year) and enzyme price. The cosolvent production process is found to be most expensive and is not a viable choice, while the solvent free process is viable for the larger scale production of 200 mio. kg biodiesel/year with the current enzyme price. With the suggested enzyme price of the future, both the small and large scale solvent free production proved viable. The product price was estimated to be 0.73–1.49€/kg biodiesel with the current enzyme price and 0.05–0.75€/kg with the enzyme price of the future for solvent free process.

Lene Fjerbaek Sotoft; Ben-Guang Rong; Knud V. Christensen; Birgir Norddahl

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Biodiesel production from vegetable oil and waste animal fats in a pilot plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, corn oil as vegetable oil, chicken fat and fleshing oil as animal fats were used to produce methyl ester in a biodiesel pilot plant. The FFA level of the corn oil was below 1% while those of animal fats were too high to produce biodiesel via base catalyst. Therefore, it was needed to perform pretreatment reaction for the animal fats. For this aim, sulfuric acid was used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol in the pretreatment reactions. After reducing the FFA level of the animal fats to less than 1%, the transesterification reaction was completed with alkaline catalyst. Due to low FFA content of corn oil, it was directly subjected to transesterification. Potassium hydroxide was used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol for transesterification reactions. The fuel properties of methyl esters produced in the biodiesel pilot plant were characterized and compared to EN 14214 and ASTM D6751 biodiesel standards. According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially, the sulfur content and cold flow properties of the COME were lower than those of animal fat methyl esters. The measured fuel properties of all produced methyl esters met ASTM D6751 (S500) biodiesel fuel standards.

Ertan Alptekin; Mustafa Canakci; Huseyin Sanli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Biodiesel Production Monthly Biodiesel Production Report November 2013 With Data for September 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Monthly Biodiesel Production Report This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or

4

Biodiesel Production from Freshwater Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel Production from Freshwater Algae ... Biodiesel derived from algae had a fuel value with the following characteristics: density, 0.801 kg/L; ash content, 0.21%; flash point, 98 °C; pour point, ?14 °C; cetane number, 52; minimum gross calorific value, 40 MJ/kg; and water content, 0.02 vol?%. ... For quite a long period, the production of hydrogen, methane, vegetable oils (triglycerides, for biodiesel), hydrocarbons, and ethanol from algae were in focus as potential biofuels. ...

Krishnan Vijayaraghavan; K. Hemanathan

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

5

A SOLID CATALYST METHOD FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biodiesel has considerable production potential as a renewable source of energy. The conventional processes use soluble alkali catalysts that contaminate the biodiesel and glycerol products,… (more)

Kannan, Dheeban Chakrvarthi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 1 EIA-22M  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey Page 1 EIA-22M MONTHLY BIODIESEL PRODUCTION SURVEY INSTRUCTIONS General Information I. Purpose Form EIA-22M collects the following data from registered U.S. producers of biodiesel by plant: * Company identification and supervisory contact information * Plant location, operating status, and annual production capacity * B100 and co-product production and monthly stock changes * Feedstock, alcohol input, and other catalysts into biodiesel production * Sales of B100 and blended biodiesel

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Incentive A qualified Kansas biodiesel producer is eligible for a production incentive of $0.30 per gallon of biodiesel sold. The incentive is payable

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax A private biodiesel producer that produces less than 5,000 gallons of biodiesel annually is subject to the annual state motor fuel tax. The

9

Genomic Prospecting for Microbial Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program: Biodiesel from Algae” [http://www1.eere.energy.gov/on the production of biodiesel from algae grown in ponds,algae is unknown. An important observation with regard to the possibility of microbial biodiesel

Lykidis, Athanasios

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Biodiesel Production from Greenseed Canola Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel Production from Greenseed Canola Oil† ... Biodiesel properties are comparable to those of fossil-based diesel fuel, and biodiesels can be produced from animal fats or vegetable oils; thus, they are renewable. ...

Titipong Issariyakul; Ajay K. Dalai

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Distribution on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Investment Tax Credit

13

Production and characterization of biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The feasibility of biodiesel production from microalgae as third generation biodiesel feedstock was studied in the present investigation. The studies were conducted to evaluate the growth patterns of the algae species i.e. Spirulina, Chlorella and pond water algae. The oil was extracted from the algae biomass and then transesterified. Simultaneous extraction and transesterification were also studied using different solvents. Maximum biodiesel yield was obtained using simultaneous extraction and transesterification using hexane as a solvent. The systematic characterization of algae biomass, algae oil and algae biodiesel was carried out to establish the potential of microalgae for biodiesel production.

Piyushi Nautiyal; K.A. Subramanian; M.G. Dastidar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

15

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel facility may receive a credit of $0.075 per gallon of biodiesel

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel producer that produces at least 100,000 gallons of biodiesel

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit Qualified biodiesel and green diesel producers are eligible for a tax credit of $0.01 per gallon of biodiesel or green diesel fuels produced.

18

Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation of biodiesel using waste cooking oil and algae oil. We consider 5 different technologies: Energy, Biofuels, Biodiesel, Cooking Oil, Mathematical optimization, Algae1 Optimization and heat and water integration for biodiesel production from cooking oil

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

19

Cost implications of feedstock combinations for community sized biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel can be processed from oilseeds or animal fats and used in unmodified diesel engines. This fuel has been produced commercially in Europe for three years. Research indicates that biodiesel can replace diesel fuel without causing harmful effects to an unmodified engine and can reduce harmful emissions . Some European biodiesel plants operate at the community level effectively supplying both fuel and animal feeds. This study examines multiple feedstocks that could be utilized by a community sized biodiesel plant. The model plant used is a 500,000 gallon processing facility. The model plant is assumed to be installed in an existing grain handling facility or feed mill. Animal fats would be purchased from outside sources and oilseeds would be provided by area producers. Producers would retain ownership of the oilseeds and pay a processing fee to the cooperative. Oilseeds would be extruded before being separated into meal and crude oil. The crude oil would be esterified into biodiesel using continuous flow esterification technology. This study concludes under specific conditions, biodiesel can be processed economically at the community level. The results indicate that without farm program benefits to minor oilseeds, soybeans are the most economic feedstock to use in a community based operation. Realistic price information suggests that biodiesel (from soybeans) could be produced for $1.26 per gallon. If producers participate in government programs and are capable of growing minor oilseeds, canola may represent a better feedstock than soybeans. Achieving the lowest costs of production depends on the value assigned to co-product credits such as oilseed meal. The more producers pay for high protein meal for their livestock and poultry, the lower the residual price of biodiesel.

Weber, J.A.; Van Dyne, D.L. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Tax Credit A biodiesel producer located in Indiana may receive a credit of $1.00 per gallon of biodiesel produced and used in biodiesel blends. The Indiana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Enhancing Biodiesel Production from Soybean Oil Using Ultrasonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Enhancing Biodiesel Production from Soybean Oil Using Ultrasonics ... Our objective was to determine the effect of ultrasonics on biodiesel production from soybean oil. ... The reaction was monitored for biodiesel yield by stopping the reaction at selected time intervals and analyzing the biodiesel content by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). ...

Priyanka Chand; Venkat Reddy Chintareddy; John G. Verkade; David Grewell

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

22

Sustainable Integration of Algal Biodiesel Production with Steam Electric Power Plants for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because fossil fuel combustion power stations are responsible for over 65% of estimated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions caused by power generation systems,(1) a major challenge facing this electric power sector is how to reconcile the growing global electricity demand with the increasing urgency to reduce CO2 emissions due to carbon dioxide being the main greenhouse gas (GHG) and, consequently, one of the most important contributors for the increase in anthropogenic climate change and global warming that distorts the ecological balance and environmental sustainability. ... Ng, R. T. L.; Tay, D. H. S.; Ng, D. K. S.Simultaneous process synthesis, heat and power integration in a sustainable integrated biorefinery Energy Fuels. 2012, 26, 7316– 7330 ... Integrated biorefinery emerged as noteworthy concept to integrate several conversion technologies to have more flexibility in product generation with energy self-sustained and reduce the overall cost of the process. ...

César G. Gutiérrez-Arriaga; Medardo Serna-González; José María Ponce-Ortega; Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

23

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit

24

Table 1. U.S. Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production Biodiesel Production Capacity and Production (million gallons) Period 2011 January 2,114 35 February 2,104 40 March 2,081 60 April 2,101 71 May 2,064 77 June 2,069 81

25

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: May 28, 2007 1: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities on AddThis.com... Fact #471: May 28, 2007 Biodiesel Production Facilities

26

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Production Production Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Production Facility Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of

27

Ultrafast Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound in Batch and Continuous Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ultrafast Biodiesel Production Using Ultrasound in Batch and Continuous Reactors ... Amongst many resources, availability and cost economy are the major factors affecting the large scale prodn. of the biodiesels. ...

D. C. Boffito; S. Mansi; J.-M. Leveque; C. Pirola; C. L. Bianchi; G. S. Patience

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

28

Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant Coolidge Petrosun Optimum Biodiesel Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Coolidge Petrosun/Optimum Biodiesel Plant Place Coolidge, Arizona Sector Biofuels Product Joint venture between PetroSun Biofuels (a wholly-owned subsidiary of PetroSun) and Optimum Biofuels, which was created for the specific purpose of this project. Coordinates 31.75442°, -96.649254° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.75442,"lon":-96.649254,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

License Exemptions for License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: License Exemptions for Biodiesel Production for Personal Use on AddThis.com...

30

Biodiesel Production Technology: August 2002--January 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* NREL/SR-510-36244 * NREL/SR-510-36244 J. Van Gerpen, B. Shanks, and R. Pruszko Iowa State University D. Clements Renewable Products Development Laboratory G. Knothe USDA/NCAUR Biodiesel Production Technology August 2002-January 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 July 2004 * NREL/SR-510-36244 Biodiesel Production Technology August 2002-January 2004 J. Van Gerpen, B.Shanks, and R. Pruszko Iowa State University D. Clements Renewable Products Development Laboratory G. Knothe USDA/NCAUR NREL Technical Monitor: K. Shaine Tyson

31

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...August 2012 brief-report Biotechnology Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus...Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India Biodiesel production was examined with Scenedesmus...per year. The fuel properties of the biodiesel produced adhered to Indian and international...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Table 2. U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks (million gallons) Period 2011 January 35 22 9 17 4 February 40 27 13 17 1 March 60 41 17 19 2 April 71 47 22 21 2 May 77 50 27 23 2 June 81 62 24 19 (4)

33

Economic Cost Analysis of Biodiesel Production: Case in Soybean Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(1) Combustion of petroleum diesel is a major source for emitting greenhouse gas (GHG). ... An economic analysis model using ASPEN PLUS software suggested that the production costs of soapstock and soybean oil biodiesel would be approximately 0.41 and 0.53 USD L?1, respectively, a 25% reduction relative to the estimated cost of biodiesel produced from soybean oil. ... The use of waste cooking oil to produce biodiesel reduced the raw material cost. ...

Yii-Der You; Je-Lueng Shie; Ching-Yuan Chang; Sheng-Hsuan Huang; Cheng-Yu Pai; Yue-Hwa Yu; Chungfang Ho Chang

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

34

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS...

35

Characterization of Crude Glycerol from Biodiesel Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of crude glycerol is very important to its value-added conversion. In this study, the physical and chemical properties of five biodiesel-derived crude glycerol samples were determined. Three methods, including iodometric–periodic acid ...

Shengjun Hu; Xiaolan Luo; Caixia Wan; Yebo Li

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

36

Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production Utilizing a Bacterial Fatty Acid Methyltransferase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biotechnology Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production...demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...component of biodiesel and can be...synthesis. INTRODUCTION Biofuel research...1). The engineering of bacteria...

Parwez Nawabi; Stefan Bauer; Nikos Kyrpides; Athanasios Lykidis

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

37

Biodiesel-fuel: Content, production, producers, contemporary biotechnology (Review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The necessity of expanding studies on producing renewable biofuel is reviewed. Special attention is given to biodiesel, the history of its creation, and ... fungi, yeasts, plants, photo- and heterotrophic algae.

E. P. Feofilova; Ya. E. Sergeeva…

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Biodiesel production using waste frying oil  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Waste sunflower frying oil is successfully converted to biodiesel using lipase as catalyst. {yields} Various process parameters that affects the conversion of transesterification reaction such as temperature, enzyme concentration, methanol: oil ratio and solvent are optimized. {yields} Inhibitory effect of methanol on lipase is reduced by adding methanol in three stages. {yields} Polar solvents like n-hexane and n-heptane increases the conversion of tranesterification reaction. - Abstract: Waste sunflower frying oil is used in biodiesel production by transesterification using an enzyme as a catalyst in a batch reactor. Various microbial lipases have been used in transesterification reaction to select an optimum lipase. The effects of various parameters such as temperature, methanol:oil ratio, enzyme concentration and solvent on the conversion of methyl ester have been studied. The Pseudomonas fluorescens enzyme yielded the highest conversion. Using the P. fluorescens enzyme, the optimum conditions included a temperature of 45 deg. C, an enzyme concentration of 5% and a methanol:oil molar ratio 3:1. To avoid an inhibitory effect, the addition of methanol was performed in three stages. The conversion obtained after 24 h of reaction increased from 55.8% to 63.84% because of the stage-wise addition of methanol. The addition of a non-polar solvent result in a higher conversion compared to polar solvents. Transesterification of waste sunflower frying oil under the optimum conditions and single-stage methanol addition was compared to the refined sunflower oil.

Charpe, Trupti W. [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India); Rathod, Virendra K., E-mail: vk.rathod@ictmumbai.edu.in [Chemical Engineering Department, Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400 019 (India)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

The effect of algae species on biodiesel and biogas production observed by using a data model combines algae cultivation with an anaerobic digestion (ACAD) and a biodiesel process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The influence of an algae species based on the biodiesel yield was investigated by using a combined plant model from the literature. The model has six different processes: algal cultivation, the flocculation and separation process, biodiesel production, anaerobic digestion, scrubbing, and combined heat and power (CHP). The data model in the literature was operated with the values for Chlorella vulgaris. To investigate the roles of the algae species on the biodiesel yield in the model, two different algae species, Nannochloropsis sp. and Haematococcus pluvialis, were selected. Depending on the data from these algae in the literature, three different scenarios were modeled in the study. The model shows that all of the scenarios for biodiesel production can be totally independent of an external energy supply. Energy estimations for all of the applications scenarios show that the system produces more energy than the amount that is required for the processing operation.

Zehra Sapci; John Morken

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Petroleum & Other Liquids Reports Monthly Biodiesel Production Report With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 | full report Previous Issues Month: September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go State Producers Annual capacity (million gallons) Alabama 2 49 Arizona 1 2 Arkansas 3 85 California 9 57 Connecticut 2 3 Florida 1 3 Georgia 3 20 Illinois 6 251 Indiana 2 104 Iowa 8 250 Kansas 1 1 Kentucky 5 68 Louisiana 1 12 Maine 1 1 Maryland 1 3 Massachussetts 1 1 Michigan 2 18 Minnesota 4 107 Mississippi 3 105 Missouri 8 170 Montana 1 0 Nevada 1 1 New Hampshire 1 3 New York 2 20 North Carolina 4 10

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Comparing the biodiesel and biogasoil production from different natural triglycerides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regarding the sustainable mobility, product quality and environmental aspects fatty acids methyl esters and biogasoils were compared. They were produced by the transesterification and special hydrocracking (including the isomerization, as well) of triglycerides, ... Keywords: biodiesel, biogasoil, feedstock supply, quality comparison

Jenö Hancsók; Zoltán Varga; Sándor Kovács; Tamás Kasza

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Supporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and climate change United States Soybean, Algae Yes No 6 Schöpe 2002 Grey study Biodiesel from rapeseedSupporting Information for: A Global Comparison of National Biodiesel Production Potentials Matt Biodiesel Potential · Table S.2: Variables Used in Calculating Biodiesel Volumes and Prices · Figure S.3: U

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

43

Potential feedstock supply and costs for biodiesel production  

SciTech Connect

Without considering technology constraints, tallows and waste greases have definite potential as feedstocks for the production of biodiesel in the United States. These materials are less expensive than most oils produced from oilseed crops such as soybeans, sunflowers, canola and rapeseed. At current crude petroleum prices, biodiesel derived from any of these materials will be more expensive than diesel derived from petroleum. However, when compared to other clean burning alternate fuels, recent data suggest biodiesel blends produced from any of these feedstocks may be the lowest total cost alternative fuel in certain areas of the United States. Economic feasibility analyses were performed to investigate the cost of producing biodiesel ($/gallon) subject to variances in feedstock cost, by-product credit (glycerol and meal) and capital costs. Cost of production per gallon of esterified biodiesel from soybean, sunflower, tallow and yellow grease ranged from $0.96 to $3.39 subject to feedstock and chemical costs, by-product credit and system capital cost.

Nelson, R.G. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States); Howell, S.A. [MARC-IV, Bucyrus, KS (United States); Weber, J.A. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

44

Emerging Risks in the Biodiesel Production by Transesterification of Virgin and Renewable Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging Risks in the Biodiesel Production by Transesterification of Virgin and Renewable Oils ... Energy Fuels, 2010, 24 (11), ... Cuiaba, Brazil ...

E. Salzano; M. Di Serio; E. Santacesaria

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Biotown, USA Biotown, Indiana Vídeo Windows Media (9.5 MB) Vídeo Quicktime (4.0 MB) Versión de Texto Ícono de Adobe Acrobat El biodiesel es una forma de diesel fabricado de aceites vegetales, grasa animal o grasa reciclada de restaurantes. Es seguro, biodegradable, y produce menos contaminantes de aire que el diesel a base de petróleo. El combustible biodiesel se puede usar en forma pura (B100) o mezclados con diesel de petróleo. Las mezclas más comunes son B2 (2% de biodiesel), B5 y B20. La mayoría de los fabricantes aprueban las mezclas de hasta B5, y unos pocos aprueban mezclas de hasta B20. Corrobore en el manual de su auto o con su fabricante para determinar la mezcla más adecuada para su vehículo, ya que usar la mezcla equivocada puede dañar el motor de su

46

Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on February 12, 2013. EZFeed Policy Place Kentucky Name Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Policy Category Financial Incentive Policy Type Corporate Tax Incentive Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector State/Province Primary Website http://energy.ky.gov/biofuels/Pages/biofuelsIncentives.aspx Summary blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS 141.0401. The amount

47

Table 2. U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" U.S. Biodiesel Production, Sales, and Stocks" "(million gallons)" "Period","B100 Production",,"Sales of B100",,"Sales of B100 Included in Biodiesel Blends",,"Ending Stocks of B100",,"B100 Stock Change" 2011 "January",35.355469,,21.760435,,9.397668,,16.705962,,3.900173 "February",40.342355,,27.263997,,13.027514,,17.367083,,0.661121 "March",59.59017,,40.879532,,16.804541,,19.178192,,1.811109 "April",71.0517,,47.320311,,21.819273,,21.000047,,1.821855 "May",77.196652,,49.520679,,27.20637,,23.448551,,2.448504 "June",81.39104,,61.776718,,23.965853,,19.302451,,-4.1461 "July",91.679738,,65.997152,,22.388332,,22.956565,,3.654114

48

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...content of S. obliquus biodiesel was found to vary between...the mass production of algae is the ability to maintain...2004. Integrated biodiesel production: a comparison...and Y Nelson. 2009. Algae grown on dairy and municipal...135 :1115-1122. Biodiesel production by the green...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Integrating Glycerol to Methanol vs. Glycerol to Ethanol within the Production of Biodiesel from Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this work, we use a superstrucutre optimization approach for the comparison between traditional biodiesel plants and the integration of glycerol to methanol production or its use to obtain ethanol within the production of biodiesel from algae. In the first case the glycerol is reformed, either autoreforming or steam reforming, the raw syngas purified and whose composition (H2:CO ratio) is adjusted for the production of methanol. The methanol once purified is used for the transesterification of the oil produced from the algae. In the second case we take advantage of the fact that the algae composition allows the simultaneous production of ethanol and biodiesel. The starch is liquified and saccharified to obtain glucose that is fermented to ethanol. On the other hand, the oil is transesterified with ethanol to produce biodiesel, either using an enzymatic or an homogeneous catalysts. The glycerol is fermented to ethanol. Both water-ethanol, streams from glucose and from glycerol are fed to a multieffect column and later to a molecular sieve. The dehydrated ethanol is used for the transesterification of the oil while the excess is sold as biofuel. Glycerol as byproduct is still interesting as long as its price is over $0.05 /kg. In terms of integrated facilities, the use of glycerol to produce ethanol requires almost twice the investment, but the production cost is a fourth lower with an increased production of biofuels by 50 %.

Mariano Martín; Ignacio Grossmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Table 3. U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production U.S. Inputs to Biodiesel Production (million pounds) 2011 January 8 17 - W 150 W 14 11 February 26 13 - W 150 W 14 11 March 68 14 - W 190 W 19 27 April 88 20 - W 236 W 15 47 May 113 21 - W 264 W 16 36 June 75 34 - W 311 W 23 49 July 77 35 - W 367 W 26 64 August 84 37 W W 398 W 34 38 September 84 27 W W 430 W

51

Demonstration of the feasibility of milking lipids from algae for biodiesel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge to the development of industrial-scale biodiesel production from cultured algae is the identification of energy efficient and cost effective methods of harvesting/dewatering algal cells. Producing 1 gallon of biodiesel from algae...

Coiner, Ryan Lee

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

52

Waste Utilization and Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acceptable and environmentally sustainable carbon source for alga-based biodiesel is currently needed. One promising approach is to couple biodiesel production with wastewater treatment, as algae can be successfully cultivated in wastewaters (12...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

53

Solar utility and renewability evaluation for biodiesel production process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new design concept using solar utility to supply steam and electricity for biodiesel production was proposed. A new indicator, called the renewability index, was then defined and quantified by exergy to evaluate the benefits of substituting fossil fuel utility facilities with solar utility facilities. To reduce the unfavorable environmental impacts of the biodiesel production process, a novel process on an 8000 t a?1 scale with solar utility facilities was designed and simulated using Aspen Plus. The results show that the amount of fossil fuel consumption saved per year amounts to 1275 t of standard coal and 4676 t of CO2 release is also eliminated every year. The renewability index of the biodiesel production process with solar utility facilities is 99.9%, 10.5% higher than that with fossil fuel utility facilities. The results reported in this paper indicate that the unfavorable environmental impacts of the biodiesel production process also deserve attention and the impacts can be eliminated by using solar utility facilities.

Zhi Hou; Danxing Zheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

14 - Biodiesel and renewable diesel production methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Vegetable oils and animal fats have come to be recognized as important sources of renewable fuels. Fatty acid methyl esters are known as biodiesel, and are the leading source for non-petroleum diesel fuel. With hydrogenation and isomerization, oils and fats can be converted to renewable diesel and jet fuel that are drop-in replacements for petroleum diesel fuel and jet fuel. This chapter reviews the processes used to produce these fuels and the feedstocks that will provide the supplies of oils and fats needed to meet a growing world demand.

J.H. Van Gerpen; B.B. He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optimization of compost fermentation of glycerol by-product discharged from biodiesel fuel production process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of a cheap system for reuse of glycerol by-product discharged from the biodiesel fuel (BDF) production process is needed in parallel with development of ... in the compost. Finally, a material cost evaluation

Yuta Sadano; Ryota Toshimitsu; Jiro Kohda…

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Economic and environmental evaluation of microalgae biodiesel production using process simulation tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work introduces a systematic method for the economic and environmental analysis and design of new technologies applied to the 3rd generation (from microalgae) biodiesel production process. The evaluation method is based on the integrated use of process simulation techniques with economic and environmental models. The approach is applied to a new technology introduced by some of the authors, where the glycerol produced in the transesterification is used as carbon source for microalgae growth. Firstly, a state of the art biodiesel production plant in the process simulator it is modelled and the economical and environmental performance is computed. Then, the new technology is introduced and its performance are compared. The method presented is very useful for decision-makers in order to evaluate the inclusion of new technologies to improve the chemical process operation and topological designs.

Robert Brunet; David Carrasco; Eduardo Muñoz; Gonzalo Guillén-Gosálbez; Ioanis Katakis; Laureano Jiménez

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mass Production of Biodiesel From Algae UROP Summer 2008 Project Proposal Steven A. Biorn Faculty at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. The project involves the mass production of biodiesel and other energy products from algae. The first step in this process is to select species of algae with high growth

Minnesota, University of

58

The environmental feasibility of algae biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microalgae can grow in waste or seawater, have vastly superior biomass yields per hectare and, most importantly, the CO2 removed from the atmosphere during photosynthetic growth of the plant offsets CO2 released ...

Tara Shirvani

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Efficiency of the biodiesel production from microalgae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass of the highly productive algae is a promising nontraditional raw material for biopower engineering, including production of energy and motor fuels from it. The paper presents an analysis of the efficie...

N. I. Chernova; S. V. Kiseleva; O. S. Popel’

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report - Energy Information Administratio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crude reserves and production Refining and processing Importsexports & movements Stocks Consumptionsales All petroleum & other liquids data reports Analysis & Projections Major...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Biodiesel production in Brazil: Current scenario and perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As a result of the search for energy stability and for the guarantee of national security after the oil crisis in the 70s, many developed and developing countries started studies and researches in order to develop alternative energy sources. Currently Brazil stands out in this field by diversifying its energy mix, having a large share of renewable energy sources, so much that in 2010 it stood in second place in global biodiesel production, just behind Germany. This fuel is to Brazil?s economy a renewable and effective source, which aims to complement the national energy matrix and to ensure the security of the country against the impact caused by the fluctuations of the value of petroleum in the exportation market. Moreover, despite of the fact that soybean oilseed crop is the responsible for most of the production of biodiesel, the country has continental extensions and a favorable climate that proposes the cultivation of a wide range of other oil crops that can supply the demand for raw material needed in order to obtain the fuel. Due to its large installed production capacity and favorable condition concerning raw materials, Brazil could become a point of reference for biofuel production and, together with its noble destination in producing, for other forms of fuel too, such as biokerosene and aviation biofuel.

Paulo André Cremonez; Michael Feroldi; Willian Cézar Nadaleti; Eduardo de Rossi; Armin Feiden; Mariele Pasuch de Camargo; Filipe Eliazar Cremonez; Felipe Fernandes Klajn

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Production and Properties of Biodiesel from Algal Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats or other materials composed of triacylglycerols. This chapter discusses the potential fuel properties of biodiesel derived from al...

Gerhard Knothe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Biodiesel production and Environmental CO2 cleanup using Oleaginous Microorganisms from Al-Hassa area in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel production is rapidly moving towards the mainstream as an alternative source of energy. Algae oil is one of the viable feed stocks among others to produce Biodiesel. However the difficulties in efficien...

Abdulaziz El-Sinawi; Mohammad Shathele

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Engineering Escherichia coli for Biodiesel Production Utilizing a Bacterial Fatty Acid Methyltransferase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production of low-cost biofuels in...the world's energy demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...in microbes cost-effectively...the world's energy demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can...in microbes cost-effectively...

Parwez Nawabi; Stefan Bauer; Nikos Kyrpides; Athanasios Lykidis

2011-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

65

Life Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae Oil: Effect of Algae Species and Cultivation System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different microalgae are widely studied as alternative sources for biodiesel production. They show higher oil productivity values (per area) than oilseed crops and are not used for food industry. For the evalu...

Javier Dufour; Jovita Moreno…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Biodiesel Production in a Semiarid Environment: A Life Cycle Assessment Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from biodiesel production has mainly focused on biodiesel production from soybean and rapeseed (or canola) oils produced in Argentina, Brazil, China, South Africa, and the USA,(1-5) with very few studies conducted for semiarid climates. ... Approximately 1 kg of canola seeds was required to produce 0.44 L of canola oil,(16) with an oil expeller efficiency of 75%; in turn 1 L of canola oil produced 1 L of biodiesel (BE Bioenergy, Victoria, Stephen Hobb, Pers. ...

Wahidul K. Biswas; Louise Barton; Daniel Carter

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

67

Design and analysis of biodiesel production from algae grown through carbon sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the design and techno-economic analysis of an integrated system for the production of biodiesel from algal oil produced via the sequestration ... the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and...

Grace Pokoo-Aikins; Ahmed Nadim…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Screening, Growth Medium Optimisation and Heterotrophic Cultivation of Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a study on screening of microalgal strains from the Peking University Algae Collection and heterotrophic cultivation for biodiesel production of a selected microalgal strain. Among...Chlorel...

Zongchao Jia; Ying Liu; Maurycy Daroch; Shu Geng…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Screening Microalgae Strains for Biodiesel Production: Lipid Productivity and Estimation of Fuel Quality Based on Fatty Acids Profiles as Selective Criteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The viability of algae-based biodiesel industry depends on the selection of adequate ... fatty acid profiles, used for estimating the biodiesel fuel properties. Volumetric lipid productivity varied among...?1 day

Iracema Andrade Nascimento; Sheyla Santa Izabel Marques…

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Enzymatic biodiesel production: An overview of potential feedstocks and process development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increased global demand for biofuels has prompted the search for alternatives to edible oils for biodiesel production. Given the abundance and cost, waste and nonedible oils have been investigated as potential feedstocks. A recent research interest is the conversion of such feedstocks into biodiesel via enzymatic processes, which have considerable advantages over conventional alkali-catalyzed processes. To expand the viability of enzymatic biodiesel production, considerable effort has been directed toward process development in terms of biodiesel productivity, application to wide ranges of contents of water and fatty acids, adding value to glycerol byproducts, and bioreactor design. A cost evaluation suggested that, with the current enzyme prices, the cost of catalysts alone is not competitive against that of alkalis. However, it can also be expected that further process optimization will lead to a reduced cost in enzyme preparation as well as in downstream processes.

Shinji Hama; Akihiko Kondo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A COMBINED REACTION/PRODUCT RECOVERY PROCESS FOR THE CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Nu-Energie, LLC entered into a Cooperative Research And Development Agreement (CRADA) for the purpose of demonstrating and deploying a novel technology for the continuous synthesis and recovery of biodiesel from the transesterification of triglycerides. The focus of the work was the demonstration of a combination Couette reactor and centrifugal separator - an invention of ORNL researchers - that facilitates both product synthesis and recovery from reaction byproducts in the same apparatus. At present, transesterification of triglycerides to produce biodiesel is performed in batch-type reactors with an excess of a chemical catalyst, which is required to achieve high reactant conversions in reasonable reaction times (e.g., 1 hour). The need for long reactor residence times requires use of large reactors and ancillary equipment (e.g., feed and product tankage), and correspondingly large facilities, in order to obtain the economy of scale required to make the process economically viable. Hence, the goal of this CRADA was to demonstrate successful, extended operation of a laboratory-scale reactor/separator prototype to process typical industrial reactant materials, and to design, fabricate, and test a production-scale unit for deployment at the biodiesel production site. Because of its ease of operation, rapid attainment of steady state, high mass transfer and phase separation efficiencies, and compact size, a centrifugal contactor was chosen for intensification of the biodiesel production process. The unit was modified to increase the residence time from a few seconds to minutes*. For this application, liquid phases were introduced into the reactor as separate streams. One was composed of the methanol and base catalyst and the other was the soy oil used in the experiments. Following reaction in the mixing zone, the immiscible glycerine and methyl ester products were separated in the high speed rotor and collected from separate ports. Results from laboratory operations showed that the ASTM specification for bound acylglycerides was achieved only at extended reaction times ({approx}25 min) using a single-stage batch contact at elevated temperature and pressure. In the single-pass configuration, the time required gives no throughput advantage over the current batch reaction process. The limitation seems to be the presence of glycerine, which hinders complete conversion because of reversible reactions. Significant improvement in quality was indicated after a second and third passes, where product from the first stage was collected and separated from the glycerine, and further reacted with a minor addition of methanol. Chemical kinetics calculations suggest that five consecutive stages of 2 min residence time would produce better than ASTM specification fuel with no addition of methanol past the first stage. Additional stages may increase the capital investment, but the increase should be offset by reduced operating costs and a factor of 3 higher throughput. Biodiesel, a mixture of methyl esters, is made commercially from the transesterification of oil, often soy oil (see Reaction 1). The kinetics of the transesterification process is rapid; however, multiphase separations after the synthesis of the fuel can be problematic. Therefore, the process is typically run in batch mode. The biodiesel fuel and the glycerine product take several hours to separate. In addition, to push yields to completion, an excess of methoxide catalyst is typically used, which has to be removed from both the biodiesel and the glycerine phase after reaction. Washing steps are often employed to remove free fatty acids, which can lead to undesirable saponification. Standards for biodiesel purity are based either on the removal of contaminants before the oil feedstock is esterified or on the separation of unwanted by-products. Various methods have been examined to enhance either the pretreatment of biodiesel feedstocks or the posttreatment of reaction products, including the use of a cavitation reactor in the process i

Birdwell, J.F., Jr.; McFarlane, J.; Schuh, D.L.; Tsouris, C; Day, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC); Hullette, J.N. (Nu-Energie, LLC)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Production of algae-based biodiesel using the continuous catalytic Mcgyan® process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study demonstrates the production of algal biodiesel from Dunaliella tertiolecta, Nannochloropsis oculata, wild freshwater microalgae, and macroalgae lipids using a highly efficient continuous catalytic process. The heterogeneous catalytic process uses supercritical methanol and porous titania microspheres in a fixed bed reactor to catalyze the simultaneous transesterification and esterification of triacylglycerides and free fatty acids, respectively, to fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel). Triacylglycerides and free fatty acids were converted to alkyl esters with up to 85% efficiency as measured by 300 MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy. The lipid composition of the different algae was studied gravimetrically and by gas chromatography. The analysis showed that even though total lipids comprised upwards of 19% of algal dry weight the saponifiable lipids, and resulting biodiesel, comprised only 1% of dry weight. Thus highlighting the need to determine the triacylglyceride and free fatty acid content when considering microalgae for biodiesel production.

Brian J. Krohn; Clayton V. McNeff; Bingwen Yan; Daniel Nowlan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Microalgae-based biodiesel: A multicriteria analysis of the production process using realistic scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae-based biodiesel has several benefits over other resources such as less land use, potential cultivation in non-fertile locations, faster growth and especially a high lipid-to-biodiesel yield. Nevertheless, the environmental and economic behavior for high scale production depends on several variables that must be addressed in the scale-up procedure. In this sense, rigorous modeling and multicriteria evaluation are performed in order to achieve optimal topology for third generation biodiesel production. Different scenarios and the most promising technologies tested at pilot scale are assessed. Besides, the sensitivity analysis allows the detection of key operating variables and assumptions that have a direct effect on the lipid content. The deviation of these variables may lead to an erroneous estimation of the scale-up performance of the technology reviewed in the microalgae-based biodiesel process. The modeling and evaluation of different scenarios of the harvesting, oil extraction and transesterification help to identify greener and cheaper alternatives.

Carmen M. Torres; Sergio D. Ríos; Carles Torras; Joan Salvadó; Josep M. Mateo-Sanz; Laureano Jiménez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas via a supercritical methanol process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the conceptual design and economic evaluation of a production of methyl esters (biodiesel) from Jatropha curcas oil (JCO) via a supercritical methanol process with glycerol as a by-product. The process consists of four major units: transesterification (PFR), methanol recovery (FT) and (DC1), recovery of glycerol (DEC), and biodiesel purification (DC2). The material and heat balance are also presented here. A biodiesel production of 40,000 tonnes-yr?1 is taken as case study. Biodiesel obtained from supercritical transesterification with Jatropha curcas oil as feedstock resulting in high purity methyl esters (99.96%) with almost pure glycerol (96.49%) obtained as by-product. The biodiesel can be sold at USD 0.78 kg?1, while the manufacturing and capital investment costs are in the range of USD 25.39 million-year?1 and USD 9.41 million year?1, respectively. This study proved that biodiesel from JCO is the least expensive with purities comparable to those found in other studies.

N.N.A.N. Yusuf; S.K. Kamarudin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Heterogeneous and Monolithic Catalyst Development for the Biodiesel Production Process & Evaluation of Static Mixers for the Esterification Process .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the present biodiesel production process, sodium hydroxide and sulphuric acid are the conventional homogeneous catalysts used, in spite of their drawbacks, such as soap… (more)

Annamalai, Nagarajan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Effect of Jatropha based Biodiesel, on Engine Hardware Reliability, Emission and Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Jatropha is a drought-resistant, non-edible plant that can be grown on marginal land and used in the production of biodiesel fuel.

77

Biodiesel production from algae by using heterogeneous catalysts: A critical review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The numerous challenges associated with declining fossil fuel reserves as energy sources, have accounted for a shift to biofuels as alternatives. However, transesterification of animal fats and edible vegetable oils using homogeneous acids and bases for biodiesel production is recently considered unsustainable by industries, particularly due to food versus fuel competition, and economic and environmental challenges associated with the feedstocks and catalyst systems, respectively. The paper therefore presents a critical review on the prospects of non-edible oil (i.e. algae oil) for biodiesel production via heterogeneous catalysis. It covers the advantages of algae oil exploitation over edible oil feedstocks, progress made in the oil extraction, available heterogeneous catalyst systems and reaction mechanisms, optimum transesterification conditions and the way forward. As the economic feasibility of biodiesel production from algae is supported by the valorization of glycerol as by-product, we have also highlighted key available heterogeneous catalysts to upgrade glycerol into more useful industrial products.

Ahmad Galadima; Oki Muraza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Design and techno-economic evaluation of microbial oil production as a renewable resource for biodiesel and oleochemical production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Experimental results from the open literature have been employed for the design and techno-economic evaluation of four process flowsheets for the production of microbial oil or biodiesel. The fermentation of glucose-based media using the yeast strain Rhodosporidium toruloides has been considered. Biodiesel production was based on the exploitation of either direct transesterification (without extraction of lipids from microbial biomass) or indirect transesterifaction of extracted microbial oil. When glucose-based renewable resources are used as carbon source for an annual production capacity of 10,000 t microbial oil and zero cost of glucose (assuming development of integrated biorefineries in existing industries utilising waste or by-product streams) the estimated unitary cost of purified microbial oil is $3.4/kg. Biodiesel production via indirect transesterification of extracted microbial oil proved more cost-competitive process compared to the direct conversion of dried yeast cells. For a price of glucose of $400/t  oil production cost and biodiesel production cost are estimated to be $5.5/kg oil and $5.9/kg biodiesel, correspondingly. Industrial implementation of microbial oil production from oleaginous yeast is strongly dependent on the feedstock used and on the fermentation stage where significantly higher productivities and final microbial oil concentrations should be achieved.

Apostolis A. Koutinas; Afroditi Chatzifragkou; Nikolaos Kopsahelis; Seraphim Papanikolaou; Ioannis K. Kookos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Techno-Economic Study of a Biodiesel Production from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simulation model for this biodiesel production process has been developed, which provided the basis for the estimation of capital expenditure and operating cost. ... The largest contributors to the equipment cost, accounting for nearly one third of expenditures, were storage tanks to contain a 25 day capacity of feedstock and product. ...

Hyun Jun Cho; Jin-Kuk Kim; Hyun-Jea Cho; Yeong-Koo Yeo

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

80

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blends to Blends to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blends on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Blends Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, including B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel),

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

East Fork Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fork Biodiesel LLC Fork Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name East Fork Biodiesel, LLC Place Algona, Iowa Sector Renewable Energy Product Biodiesel producer and co-developer, with Renewable Energy Group (REG) of a 227m biodiesel plant in Algona, Iowa. Coordinates 47.278335°, -122.248554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.278335,"lon":-122.248554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

82

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Related Links on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

83

Table 4. Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013" Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013" "State","Number of Producers","Annual Production Capacity (million gallons per year)" "Alabama",3,47 "Alaska",0,0 "Arizona",1,2 "Arkansas",3,85 "California",9,60.65 "Colorado",0,0 "Connecticut",2,3.05 "Delaware",0,0 "District of Columbia",0,0 "Florida",0,0 "Georgia",3,16 "Hawaii",1,5 "Idaho",1,1 "Illinois",5,166.5 "Indiana",2,104 "Iowa",8,249.5 "Kansas",1,1.2 "Kentucky",5,68.1 "Louisiana",1,12 "Maine",1,0.6 "Maryland",0,0 "Massachussetts",1,0.5 "Michigan",2,17.916

84

Blue Sun Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Place: Fort Collins, Colorado Zip: 80525 Product: Privately held Blue Sun Biodiesel is a breakthrough agriculture energy company, developing oilseed energy crops and...

85

Synthesis of Biodiesel via Acid Catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Biodiesel via Acid Catalysis ... Biodiesel is synthesized via the transesterification of lipid feedstocks with low molecular weight alcohols. ... Nonetheless, acid-catalyzed processes could produce biodiesel from low-cost feedstocks, lowering production costs. ...

Edgar Lotero; Yijun Liu; Dora E. Lopez; Kaewta Suwannakarn; David A. Bruce; James G. Goodwin, Jr.

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable fuel derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats that meet ASTM specification D6751. Blended biodiesel is a blend of biodiesel with petroleum diesel fuel so

87

Continuous biodiesel production from acidic oil using a combination of cation- and anion-exchange resins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A continuous process was developed to produce biodiesel from acidic oil containing soybean oil and oleic acid, which combined esterification by cation-exchange resin NKC-9, online separation and transesterification by anion-exchange resin D261. The esterification was carried out with soybean oil/oleic acid weight ratio of 5/5, methanol to oleic acid weight ratio of 1.5/1, reaction temperature of 338 K and residence time of 126.6 min. After the reaction, the mixture was settled to online separate into two layers, and the methanol–water–oleic acid mixture at the top layer was reclaimed. The bottom layer, mainly containing soybean oil and methyl oleate, was transesterified under methanol/soybean oil weight ratio of 1/3 and n-hexane/soybean oil weight ratio of 1/2 at 323 K for the residence time of 112.0 min. The high conversions of oleic acid (above 98%) and soybean oil (92.3%) were achieved. The yield of biodiesel in this process reached up to 95.1%. The main parameters of the product met the Chinese Standard of biodiesel.

Benqiao He; Yixuan Shao; Yanbiao Ren; Jianxin Li; Yu Cheng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

National Trail Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Trail Biodiesel National Trail Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name National Trail Biodiesel Place Newton, Illinois Zip 62448 Product Owner of a planned 30m gallon per year biodiesel plant in Jasper County, Illinois. Coordinates 43.996685°, -87.803724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.996685,"lon":-87.803724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Wyobraska Biodiesel LLC Place Scottsbluff, Nebraska Zip 69361 Product Wyobraska operates a 37.9mLpa (10m gallon) capacity biodiesel plant in Nebraska. Coordinates 41.861775°, -103.662759° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.861775,"lon":-103.662759,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

90

Pacific Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Pacific Biodiesel Inc Place Kahului, Hawaii Zip 96732 Product Hawaii-based biodiesel plant designer, producer and distributor in Hawaii. Coordinates 20.890755°, -156.467144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":20.890755,"lon":-156.467144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

91

Integration of algae cultivation as biodiesel production feedstock with municipal wastewater treatment: Strains screening and significance evaluation of environmental factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objectives of this study are to find the robust strains for the centrate cultivation system and to evaluate the effect of environmental factors including light intensity, light–dark cycle, and exogenous CO2 concentration on biomass accumulation, wastewater nutrient removal and biodiesel production. The results showed that all 14 algae strains from the genus of Chlorella, Haematococcus, Scenedesmus, Chlamydomonas, and Chloroccum were able to grow on centrate. The highest net biomass accumulation (2.01 g/L) was observed with Chlorella kessleri followed by Chlorella protothecoides (1.31 g/L), and both of them were proved to be capable of mixotrophic growth when cultivated on centrate. Environmental factors had significant effect on algal biomass accumulation, wastewater nutrients removal and biodiesel production. Higher light intensity and exogenous CO2 concentration with longer lighting period promote biomass accumulation, biodiesel production, as well as the removal of chemical oxygen demand and nitrogen, while, lower exogenous CO2 concentration promotes phosphorus removal.

Yecong Li; Wenguang Zhou; Bing Hu; Min Min; Paul Chen; Roger R. Ruan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Estimation of Density of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition, the numeric value for coefficient e is very small (?0.00001) and the nd(ave) of most biodiesels are not greater than 2. Therefore, the product of e × nd(ave) can be neglected without affecting the accuracy of the calculation and eq 30 is good for estimation of density of biodiesel. ... Interestingly, the %AAD for mixed biodiesel (0.38) is lower than those of pure (0.41%) and total biodiesels. ... (21) The model cannot differentiate a mixed biodiesel from pure biodiesels. ...

Suriya Phankosol; Kaokanya Sudaprasert; Supathra Lilitchan; Kornkanok Aryusuk; Kanit Krisnangkura

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

93

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural plant oils or animal fats and meets ASTM specification D6751-11b. A biodiesel blend is a

94

The economics of producing biodiesel from algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for conventional diesel that is made from natural plant oils, animal fats, and waste cooking oils. This paper discusses the economics of producing biodiesel fuel from algae grown in open ponds. There is potential for large-scale production of biodiesel from algal farms on non-arable land; however, previous studies have failed to demonstrate an economically viable process that could be scalable to a commercialized industry. The problems include inconsistent and insufficient algal productivities, uncertain capital and operating costs, volatile market prices and unknown levels of government support. Although intensive work is being done on many technological issues, the economic studies and data are incomplete and out of date. This paper presents an updated financial analysis of the production and economic conditions that could have a profound effect on the success of this important alternative fuel production process.

Brian J. Gallagher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production systems using microalgae. Keywords Algae . Carbon sequestration . Biofuel . Biogas . Biohydrogen of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany C. Posten Institute of Life Science Engineering, Bioprocess Engineering, University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany #12;RuBP ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Rubisco ribulose 1

Kudela, Raphael M.

96

The following are appendices A, B1 and B2 of our paper, "Integrated Process Modeling and Product Design of Biodiesel Manufacturing", that appears in the Industrial and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Biodiesel Process Model To access NIST TDE Data Engine in Aspen Plus version 2006.5 or V7.0 Step 1. Enter1 The following are appendices A, B1 and B2 of our paper, "Integrated Process Modeling and Product Design of Biodiesel Manufacturing", that appears in the Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research

Liu, Y. A.

97

The future viability of algae-derived biodiesel under economic and technical uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents a techno-economic assessment of algae-derived biodiesel under economic and technical uncertainties associated with the development of algal biorefineries. A global sensitivity analysis was performed using a High Dimensional Model Representation (HDMR) method. It was found that, considering reasonable ranges over which each parameter can vary, the sensitivity of the biodiesel production cost to the key input parameters decreases in the following order: algae oil content > algae annual productivity per unit area > plant production capacity > carbon price increase rate. It was also found that the Return on Investment (ROI) is highly sensitive to the algae oil content, and to a lesser extent to the algae annual productivity, crude oil price and price increase rate, plant production capacity, and carbon price increase rate. For a large scale plant (100,000 tonnes of biodiesel per year) the production cost of biodiesel is likely to be £0.8–1.6 per kg.

George Brownbridge; Pooya Azadi; Andrew Smallbone; Amit Bhave; Benjamin Taylor; Markus Kraft

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Pacific Biodiesel: Renewable and Sustainable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meeting Meeting April 20-21, 2011 Pacific Biodiesel, Inc. Kelly King, VP Renewable and Sustainable The Pacific Biodiesel Ohana  A fuel for any diesel engine  Non-toxic and Biodegradable  Non-flammable  100% renewable / recycled  Superior lubrication  Low emissions  Ultra Low Sulfur (15 ppm)  Meets or exceeds ASTM D6751 What is Biodiesel? What biodiesel is not: * Biodiesel is not vegetable oil that has simply been filtered * Biodiesel is not a fuel that requires costly modifications to your diesel engine * Biodiesel itself does not contain any fossil fuel product (although it can be mixed with petroleum diesel at any percentage rate) * Biodiesel does not involve gasification, micro-waves or pyrolysis * Not made from starchy feedstock (ethanol)

99

ZnO nanoparticle catalysts for use in biodiesel production and method of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of forming a biodiesel product and a heterogeneous catalyst system used to form said product that has a high tolerance for the presence of water and free fatty acids (FFA) in the oil feedstock is disclosed. This catalyst system may simultaneously catalyze both the esterification of FAA and the transesterification of triglycerides present in the oil feedstock. The catalyst system is comprised of a mixture of zinc oxide and a second metal oxide. The zinc oxide includes a mixture of amorphous zinc oxide and zinc oxide nanocrystals, the zinc nanocrystals having a mean grain size between about 20 and 80 nanometers with at least one of the nanocrystals including a mesopore having a diameter of about 5 to 15 nanometers. Preferably, the second metal oxide is a lanthanum oxide, the lanthanum oxide being selected as one from the group of La.sub.2CO.sub.5, LaOOH, and combinations or mixtures thereof.

Yan, Shuli; Salley, Steven O; Ng, K. Y. Simon

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

100

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Requirements Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from plant or animal matter, meets the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Infinifuel Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Infinifuel Biodiesel Infinifuel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Infinifuel Biodiesel Place Dayton, Nevada Zip 89403 Sector Geothermal energy Product A Nevada-based firm developing the Infinifuel Wabuska 18.9m-litre (5.0m-gallon) per year biodiesel plant to be operated with 5.0MW of geothermally-produced energy. Coordinates 44.87672°, -107.262744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.87672,"lon":-107.262744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Simultaneous saccharification of cassava starch and fermentation of algae for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simpler approach to produce biodiesel from cassava starch was established, which successfully integrates the simultaneous saccharification and heterotrophic algal fermentation in an identical system. Batch e...

Yue Lu; Yi Ding; Qingyu Wu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Biodiesel of South Florida LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of South Florida, LLC Place: Miami, Florida Zip: 33176 Product: Florida-based wholesale marketer of soy-based biodiesel to the US and export markets. References: Biodiesel...

104

Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on biodiesel production from Spirulina platensis algae biomass using single stage extraction–transesterification process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel production from nonedible feedstocks is gaining attention in the recent years as they do not interfere with the global food economy. In this investigation, Spirulina platensis algae biomass was used as the feedstock for biodiesel production. Single stage extraction–transesterification was carried out with an aim to study the effect of reaction temperature, catalyst concentration, algae biomass to methanol ratio (wt:vol), stirring intensity and algae drying duration on the biodiesel yield. The optimum conditions for maximum biodiesel yield (75 ± 0.40%) were found to be 90 min duration for algae drying, 60% catalyst concentration, 1:4 algae biomass to methanol ratio, 450 rpm stirring intensity and 55 °C reaction temperature. The experimental data appeared to be a good fit with the first order reaction kinetics. For the reaction studied at different temperatures, values of rate constant and activation energy were found out to be 0.001 min?1 and 14518.51 J/mol respectively. The values of thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy (?G), enthalpy of activation (?H) and entropy of activation (?S) were also determined. The positive values of ?G and ?H and negative value of ?S indicated the unspontaneous and endergonic nature of the reaction.

Piyushi Nautiyal; K.A. Subramanian; M.G. Dastidar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

can I find biodiesel? Biodiesel is available in all 50 states. According to the U.S. Energy Infor- mation Administration, annual production of biodiesel in the United States...

106

Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

ASTM Biodiesel ASTM Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: ASTM Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives ASTM Biodiesel Specifications These tables show selected ASTM requirements for B100 and B6 to B20. Note

107

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax to Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel and biodiesel blends are taxed at the state motor fuel excise tax rate of $0.22 per gallon. Beginning the fiscal quarter after which a biodiesel production facility in the state reaches a name plate capacity of at least 20 million gallons per year and fully produces at least 10 million

108

Marine Diatom, Navicula sp. Strain JPCC DA0580 and Marine Green Alga, Chlorella sp. Strain NKG400014 as Potential Sources for Biodiesel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine diatom, strain JPCC DA0580, and marine green microalga strain NKG400014 were selected as high neutral lipid-producers from marine microalgal culture collection toward biodiesel production. These strains...

Mitsufumi Matsumoto; Hiroshi Sugiyama…

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Biodiesel Production by the Green Microalga Scenedesmus obliquus in a Recirculatory Aquaculture System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biodiesel standards (10). Various fuel properties of S. obliquus biodiesel...combustion of a unit weight of fuel. It was determined by bomb...measures the readiness of the fuel to autoignite when injected...contained in a moisture-free vessel. The sample was continuously...

Shovon Mandal; Nirupama Mallick

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar, a State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, National Engineering Research Centre of Microbial (BSFL) are consid- ered as a new biotechnology to convert dairy manure into biodiesel and sugar. BSFL

Tomberlin, Jeff

111

Red River Biodiesel Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

River Biodiesel, Ltd. River Biodiesel, Ltd. Place Houston, Texas Zip 77006 Product Red River operates a biodiesel plant in Houstion, Texas with a capacity of 56.85mLpa (15m gallons per year). Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

Production of virus resistant plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection. 9 figs.

Dougherty, W.G.; Lindbo, J.A.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definitions Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as any fuel derived in whole or in part from agricultural products, animal fats, or the wastes from these products, and is suitable for use in diesel engines. A biodiesel blend is defined as any

114

Biodiesel production from algae cultivated in winter with artificial wastewater through pH regulation by acetic acid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae have been considered as a promising biodiesel feedstock. One of the major factors affecting large-scale algae technology application is poor wintering cultivation performance. In this study, an integrated approach is investigated combining freshwater microalgae Chlorella zofingiensis wintering cultivation in pilot-scale photobioreactors with artificial wastewater treatment. Mixotrophic culture with the addition of acetic acid (pH-regulation group) and autotrophic culture (control group) were designed, and the characteristics of algal growth, lipid and biodiesel production, and nitrogen and phosphate removal were examined. The results showed that, by using acetic acid three times per day to regulate pH at between 6.8 and 7.2, the total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphate (TP) removal could be increased from 45.2% to 73.5% and from 92.2% to 100%, respectively. Higher biomass productivity of 66.94 mg L?1 day?1 with specific growth rate of 0.260 day?1 was achieved in the pH-regulation group. The lipid content was much higher when using acetic acid to regulate pH, and the relative lipid productivity reached 37.48 mg L?1 day?1. The biodiesel yield in the pH-regulated group was 19.44% of dry weight, with 16–18 carbons as the most abundant composition for fatty acid methyl esters. The findings of the study prove that pH adjustment using acetic acid is efficient in cultivating C. zofingiensis in wastewater in winter for biodiesel production and nutrient reduction.

Liandong Zhu; Erkki Hiltunen; Qing Shu; Weizheng Zhou; Zhaohua Li; Zhongming Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Seattle Biodiesel aka Seattle BioFuels Jump to: navigation, search Name Seattle Biodiesel (aka Seattle BioFuels) Place Seattle, Washington Sector Renewable Energy Product Subsidiary of Imperium Renewables which operates the 19m liter Seattle biodiesel plant. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Biodiesel Density: Experimental Measurements and Prediction Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density is an important biodiesel parameter, with impact on fuel quality. Predicting density is of high relevance for a correct formulation of an adequate blend of raw materials that optimize the cost of biodiesel fuel production while allowing the ...

Maria Jorge Pratas; Samuel V. D. Freitas; Mariana B. Oliveira; Sílvia C. Monteiro; Álvaro S. Lima; João A. P. Coutinho

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

117

Biodiesel production from algae oil high in free fatty acids by two-step catalytic conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of storage temperature and time on lipid composition of Scenedesmus sp. was studied. When stored at 4 °C or higher, the free fatty acid content in the wet biomass increased from a trace to 62.0% by day 4. Using two-step catalytic conversion, algae oil with a high free fatty acid content was converted to biodiesel by pre-esterification and transesterification. The conversion rate of triacylglycerols reached 100% under the methanol to oil molar ratio of 12:1 during catalysis with 2% potassium hydroxide at 65 °C for 30 min. This process was scaled up to produce biodiesel from Scenedesmus sp. and Nannochloropsis sp. oil. The crude biodiesel was purified using bleaching earth. Except for moisture content, the biodiesel conformed to Chinese National Standards.

Lin Chen; Tianzhong Liu; Wei Zhang; Xiaolin Chen; Junfeng Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The effect of CO2 and salinity on the cultivation of Scenedesmus obliquus for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a renewable and environmental friendly energy...via...tranesterification from various oil crops such as soy bean, sunflower, palm, and algae. In this work, the microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus, S. arm...

Pakawadee Kaewkannetra; Prayoon Enmak…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metha- nol and 1.5 ml of canola oil. This mixture provides aconverting ~76% of the canola oil to biodiesel within 20with less than 15% of the canola oil being converted to

Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Application of magnesium sulfate and its nanoparticles for enhanced lipid production by mixotrophic cultivation of algae using biodiesel waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract CG (Crude glycerol) is one of the major wastes of biodiesel production process. It can be used as a substrate for lipid production by algae and the produced lipid can be recycled as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In order to avoid substrate inhibition, lipid production media are prepared by diluting the CG with distilled water. However, CG contains only a small amount of Mg (57.41 ± 18 ppm) and its concentration is further decreased to around 0.57 ppm during the dilution process. Apart from having a number of roles in algal physiology, Mg is the central atom of chlorophyll. Therefore, MgSO4 was evaluated as a Mg source to supplement the CG based media used for lipid production by Chlorella vulgaris. By supplementing the process with 1 g/L of MgSO4, nearly 185.29 ± 4.53% improvement in lipid production has been achieved. Further, application of MgSO4 nanoparticles was found to improve the lipid production by 118.23 ± 5.67%. Interestingly, unlike MgSO4, its nanoparticles were found to enhance the lipid production at the expense of only a small amount of glycerol. Thus, application of MgSO4 nanoparticles could be a potential strategy for enhanced lipid yield.

Saurabh Jyoti Sarma; Ratul Kumar Das; Satinder Kaur Brar; Yann Le Bihan; Gerardo Buelna; Mausam Verma; Carlos Ricardo Soccol

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Study on Production Process of Biodiesel from Rubber Seed (Hevea Brasiliensis) by in Situ (Trans)Esterification Method with Acid Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel is fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters made from vegetable oils (edible and non edible) or animal fats. The objective of this research was to produce biodiesel from rubber seed by in situ method with acid catalyst with a goal for obtaining environmentally friendly alternative fuels from non edible raw material. This research focuses on influence of reaction time, concentration of acid catalyst and ratio raw material to methanol. The first stage was carried out in order to get reaction time based on the density and viscosity of mixture produced. In this process H2SO4 0.5% (v/v) was used as catalyst and ratio of raw material to methanol (1:2). The experiments were conducted by investigating the catalyst concentration in range 0.1-1%(v/v) and ratio of raw material to methanol in range 1:1.5-1:3. The research method included, the preparation of samples, biodiesel production, biodiesel separation, and biodiesel characterization i.e density, viscosity, GC analysis, acid value and Iodine number. The results shows that the operation time for biodiesel production by in situ method with acid catalyst was 120 minutes and the yield of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) obtained was at 91,05%.

Widayat; Agam Duma Kalista Wibowo; Hadiyanto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Microsoft Word - Biodiesel.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 1 April 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Biodiesel Supply and Consumption in the Short-Term Energy Outlook 1 Introduction The historical biodiesel consumption data published in the EIA Monthly Energy Review (http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mer/contents.html) March 2009 edition were revised to account for imports and exports. Table 10.4 of the Monthly Energy Review was expanded to display biodiesel imports, exports, stocks, stock change, and consumption. Similar revisions were made in the April 2009 edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Biodiesel production, net imports, and consumption history and forecasts have been added to the STEO Custom Table

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Fuel Tax Municipalities, counties, or school districts producing biodiesel must file a return documenting their biodiesel production activities and pay $0.03 of

125

Atlantic Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Atlantic Biodiesel, Inc. Atlantic Biodiesel, Inc. Place Salem, New Hampshire Zip 30790 Product Privately-held corporation producing biodiesal in its production plant located in Southern New Hampshire, which has a maximum production rate of 10 million gallons annually. Coordinates 42.554485°, -88.110549° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.554485,"lon":-88.110549,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

126

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides a brief introduction to biodiesel, including a discussion of biodiesel blends, which blends are best for which vehicles, where to buy biodiesel, how biodiesel compares to diesel fuel in terms of performance, how biodiesel performs in cold weather, whether biodiesel use will plug vehicle filters, how long-term biodiesel use may affect engines, biodiesel fuel standards, and whether biodiesel burns cleaner than diesel fuel. The fact sheet also dismisses the use of vegetable oil as a motor fuel.

Not Available

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Growth and lipid accumulation characteristics of Scenedesmus obliquus in semi-continuous cultivation outdoors for biodiesel feedstock production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In an effort to identify suitable microalgal species for biodiesel production, seven species were isolated from various habitats and their growth characteristics were compared. The results demonstrated that a green alga Scenedesmus obliquus could grow more rapidly and synthesize more lipids than other six microalgal strains. S. obliquus grew well both indoors and outdoors, and reached higher ?max indoors than that outdoors. However, the cells achieved higher dry weight (4.36 g L?1), lipid content (49.6%) and productivity (183 mg L?1 day?1) outdoors than in indoor cultures. During the 61 days semi-continuous cultivation outdoors, high biomass productivities (450–550 mg L?1 day?1) and ?max (1.05–1.44 day?1) were obtained. The cells could also achieve high lipid productivities (151–193 mg L?1 day?1). These results indicated that S. obliquus was promising for lipids production in semi-continuous cultivation outdoors.

Pingzhong Feng; Kang Yang; Zhongbin Xu; Zhongming Wang; Lu Fan; Lei Qin; Shunni Zhu; Changhua Shang; Peng Chai; Zhenhong Yuan; Lei Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Plants and Night Oxygen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants and Night Oxygen Production Plants and Night Oxygen Production Name: Ashar Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I would like to know if there are any plants which produces oxygen at night (without photosynthesis). I was told by a friend that Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) produces oxygen even at night and I'm not convinced. I would like to get confirmation from experts. Replies: Some plants (particularly those of dry regions, e.g., deserts) only open their stomates at night to avoid drying out to intake CO2 (and output O2) (CAM photosynthesis) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crassulacean_acid_metabolism Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, PhD Missouri Botanical Garden Bringing oxygen producing plants into your home is a way to mimic the healthy lifestyle factors of longevity in humans from the longest lived cultures.

129

The use of oil shale ash in the production of biodiesel from waste vegetable oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oil shale ash obtained from combustion of local oil shale deposits was used in this study as a heterogeneous catalyst to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil (WVO). Two alcohols with high and low boiling points ethanol and ethylene glycol were used for oil shale catalytic esterification of the WVO. Results show that the esterification of wastes of oil utilizing wastes of oil shale combustion can be used to produce biodiesel. Additionally it was found that in order to make the oil shale ash an effective catalyst for transesterification high reaction temperature is required. Therefore the results have indicated that high biodiesel yield is obtained when using ethylene glycol at high temperature while the yield is low when solid catalytic reaction is performed using ethanol at low temperature. The maximum obtained yield was 75?wt. % utilizing ethylene glycol at 150?°C whereas this yield decreased to 69.9?wt. % as the operating temperature was reduced to 100?°C. On the other hand when using ethanol the yield of biodiesel was relatively low (11?wt. % at 60?°C and 9?wt. % at 80?°C).

A. Al-Otoom; M. Allawzi; A. Ajlouni; F. Abu-Alrub; M. Kandah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Synthesis and characterization of Sr3Al2O6 nanocomposite as catalyst for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sr–Al mixed oxides nanocomposite as Sr3Al2O6 was prepared by sol–gel method and used as a basic heterogeneous catalyst for transesterification of soybean oil to methyl esters (biodiesel) by methanol. The prepared catalyst was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA), temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and nitrogen adsorption–desorption techniques. The response surface methodology (RSM) based on the Box–Behnken design was employed to investigate the effects of methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction time, catalyst amount and specifically the effect of interaction between process variables on the conversion of oil to biodiesel. Results from this study revealed that individual as well as bilateral variables interactions significantly affect the yield of biodiesel. With this information, it was found that utilization of methanol to oil molar ratio of 25 and 1.3 wt.% of catalyst within reaction time of 61 min and gave the biodiesel yield of 95.7 ± 0.5%.

Elnaz Rashtizadeh; Faezeh Farzaneh; Zahra Talebpour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Lipid content and fatty acid composition of Mediterranean macro-algae as dynamic factors for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Using the total lipid contents and fatty acid profiles, the marine macro-algae Jania rubens (Rhodophyceae), Ulva linza (Chlorophyceae) and Padina pavonica (Phaeophyceae) were evaluated for biodiesel production during the spring, summer and autumn. Seawater parameters such as pH, salinity and temperature were measured. The total lipid content varied from 1.56% (J. rubens) to 4.14% (U. linza) of dry weight, with the highest values occurring in spring. The fatty acid methyl ester profiles were analysed using gas chromatography. The highest percentage of total fatty acids was recorded in P. pavonica, with 6.2% in autumn, whereas the lowest was in J. rubens, with 68.6% in summer. The relative amount of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids was significantly higher in P. pavonica than in the other macro-algae. Seasonal variations in pH, salinity and temperature had no significant effect on the total lipid and fatty acid contents. Principal component analysis grouped brown and green algae together, whereas red alga grouped out. Furthermore, methyl ester profiles indicate that brown and green seaweeds are preferred, followed by red seaweeds, which appears to have little potential for oil-based products. Therefore, these seaweeds are not targets for biodiesel production.

Dahlia M. El Maghraby; Eman M. Fakhry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of moisture removal and energy usage in pretreatment module of waste cooking oil for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) is a plausible low cost biodiesel feedstock but it exhibits few unfavorable parameters for conversion into biodiesel. One of the parameter is the presence of high moisture content which will inhibit or retard catalyst during the acid esterification or base transesterification causing lower purity and yield of biodiesel. This will effect the post processing and escalate production cost making WCO a not favorable biodiesel feedstock. Therefore, it is important to have an effective moisture removal method to reduce the moisture content below 0.05%wt or 500 ppm in WCO for an efficient biodiesel production. In this work, the effectiveness of moisture removal and the energy usage of a newly develop innovative pretreatment module has been evaluated and reported. Results show that the pretreatment module is able to reduce up to 85% to effectively reduce the moisture content to below 500ppm of the initial moisture content of WCO and only consume 157 Wh/l energy compared to conventional heating that consume 386 Wh/l and only remove 67.6% moisture in 2 hours.

K Palanisamy; M K Idlan; N Saifudin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - algal biodiesel utilization Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that is further converted to biodiesel in a separate... 3 ) is the energy content of biogas; y is the yield of biodiesel ... Source: Louisiana Forest Products Development Center...

134

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pesticides can move by similar processes. Data on agrichemical...product and coproducts, that biodiesel uses, per unit of energy gained...Fortenbery T. R. ( 2005 ) Biodiesel Feasibility Study: An Evaluation of Biodiesel Feasibility in Wisconsin...

Jason Hill; Erik Nelson; David Tilman; Stephen Polasky; Douglas Tiffany

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: February 14, 2: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... Fact #662: February 14, 2011 World Biodiesel Production

136

Design of an optimal process for enhanced production of bioethanol and biodiesel from algae oil via glycerol fermentation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we optimize a process that integrates the use of glycerol to produce ethanol via fermentation within the simultaneous production of biodiesel and bioethanol from algae. The process consists of growing the algae, determining the optimal fraction of oil vs. starch, followed by oil extraction, starch liquefaction and saccharification, to sugars, oil transesterification, for which we consider two transesterification technologies (enzymes and alkali) and the fermentation of sugars and glycerol. The advantage of this process is that the dehydration technologies are common for the products of the glucose and glycerol fermentation. Simultaneous optimization and heat integration is performed using Duran and Grossmann’s model. The fermentation of glycerol to ethanol increases the production of bioethanol by at least 50%. The energy and water consumptions are competitive with other processes that either sell the glycerol or use it to obtain methanol. However, the price for the biofuels is only competitive if glycerol cannot be sold to the market.

Mariano Martín; Ignacio E. Grossmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Biodiesel production from Stauntonia chinensis seed oil (waste from food processing): Heterogeneous catalysis by modified calcite, biodiesel purification, and fuel properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present research, the potential of Stauntonia chinensis (SC) seed oil obtained from processing waste was investigated for the first time as biodiesel feedstock, including physicochemical properties of the oil, the heterogeneous catalysis process, purification, and fuel properties. A 29.37 ± 0.64 wt.% of oil content and 2.41 mg KOH/g of acid value was found. Under the optimised reaction conditions in the presence of modified calcite, an 88.02% of yield and a 98.90 wt.% of FAME content were achieved. According to EN 14124 (2012), SC biodiesel exhibited superior fuel properties compared to the most of other feedstock oils since it had an ideal fatty acid composition (low Cn:0 (8.06 wt.%), high Cn:1 (80.16 wt.%), and low Cn:2,3 (8.45 wt.%)). It was absolutely vital that the use of SC seed oil as a biodiesel feedstock would not compete with its use in food. In summary, SC seed oil should be recommended as a promising feedstock for biodiesel.

Rui Wang; Lili Sun; Xiaolin Xie; Lizhi Ma; Zhigang Liu; Xiaoyan Liu; Ning Ji; Guofang Xie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol and Biodiesel Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol and Biodiesel Tax Exemption Motor fuels sold to an ethanol or biodiesel production facility and motor

139

AZ Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AZ Biodiesel AZ Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name AZ Biodiesel Place Chandler, Arizona Zip 85225 Product AZ Biodiesel is a biodiesel producer that announced plans in July 2008 to relocate and reopen its main processing facility to Gilbert, Arizona. Coordinates 32.307977°, -95.479539° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.307977,"lon":-95.479539,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

140

Final report on LDRD project : biodiesel production from vegetable oils using slit-channel reactors.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents work done for a late-start LDRD project, which was carried out during the last quarter of FY07. The objective of this project was to experimentally explore the feasibility of converting vegetable (e.g., soybean) oils to biodiesel by employing slit-channel reactors and solid catalysts. We first designed and fabricated several slit-channel reactors with varying channel depths, and employed them to investigate the improved performance of slit-channel reactors over traditional batch reactors using a NaOH liquid catalyst. We then evaluated the effectiveness of several solid catalysts, including CaO, ZnO, MgO, ZrO{sub 2}, calcium gluconate, and heteropolyacid or HPA (Cs{sub 2.5}H{sub 0.5}PW{sub 12}O{sub 40}), for catalyzing the soybean oil-to-biodiesel transesterification reaction. We found that the slit-channel reactor performance improves as channel depth decreases, as expected; and the conversion efficiency of a slit-channel reactor is significantly higher when its channel is very shallow. We further confirmed CaO as having the highest catalytic activity among the solid catalysts tested, and we demonstrated for the first time calcium gluconate as a promising solid catalyst for converting soybean oil to biodiesel, based on our preliminary batch-mode conversion experiments.

Kalu, E. Eric (FAMU-FSU College of Engineering, Tallahassee, FL); Chen, Ken Shuang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Recent progress in biodiesel production and testing at the University of Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel from vegetable oil and animal fats has been studied at the University of Idaho since 1979. Recent research is directed toward developing and demonstrating commercial technologies. During the last year an on-road vehicle was driven coast-to-coast on Biodiesel for a total of 14,068 km (8742 miles). As part of this on-road testing, the vehicle was tested for emissions on a chassis dynamometer at the LA-MTA emissions test facility in Los Angeles, California. Tests included HC, CO, CO{sub 2}, NOx, and PM. The two cycles used in the tests included a modified arterial cycle and the EPA cycle for heavy duty vehicles. Biodiesel research has included producing both methyl and ethyl esters from tallow, canola, soybean oil and rapeseed oil. These eight fuels have been subjected to fuel characterization tests according to the ASAE proposed Engineering Practice, Reporting of Fuel Properties with Testing Diesel Engines and Alternative Fuels Derived from Biological Materials, X552; and short term injector coking tests and performance tests in a turbocharged, DI, CI engine. Two-hundred hour EMA endurance tests in 3-cylinder, DI, CI engines are in progress with each of the fuels.

Peterson, C.; Reece, D.; Thompson, J. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Storage Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Storage Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends ... The biodiesels were selected to represent unstable material (D) with an induction time of 0.5 h and moderately stable material (B) with an induction time of 3.1 h. ...

Robert L. McCormick; Steven R. Westbrook

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

143

Biodiesel Investment Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investment Group Place: Dallas, Texas Zip: 75205 Sector: Biofuels Product: Biodiesel Investment Group is a subsidiary established by Earth Biofuels to coordinate the company's...

144

biodiesel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

biodiesel biodiesel Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Source Earth Policy Institute Date Released January 12th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biodiesel Biofuels ethanol EU world Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Summary biofuels data in Excel, multiple tabs with different data (xls, 112.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License Comment "Reuse of our data is permitted. We merely ask that wherever it is listed, it be appropriately cited"

145

Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil using Activated Cement Clinker as Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the potential of limestone based catalyst for transesterification of high free fatty acid (FFA) rubber seed oil (RSO). Pre-calcinated limestone known as clinker was activated using methanol and transesterification was performed under reflux with constant stirring. Mineral composition of the catalyst was analysed using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) with in build x-ray diffraction (XRD). The rubber seed oil was obtained using both microwave and soxhlet extraction using hexane as solvent. FFA content and fatty acid methyl ester content were determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results showed an efficient conversion (up to 96.9%) of high FFA rubber seed oil to biodiesel. The results suggest that the catalyst employed in this work is not negatively affected by moisture and free fatty acids and can be recycled very easily without significant loss in its activity. The highest conversion of 96.9% was achieved from catalyst activated at 700 °C, with catalyst loading of 5 wt. %; methanol to oil molar ratio of 4:1; reaction temperature of 65 °C and reaction time of 4 hours. The biodiesel produced in this work is within the limits of specification described by American standard test method (ASTM D6751).

Jolius Gimbun; Shahid Ali; Chitra Charan Suri Charan Kanwal; Liyana Amer Shah; Nurul Hidayah Muhamad @ Ghazali; Chin Kui Cheng; Said Nurdin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Biodiesel production from used cooking oil and sea sand as heterogeneous catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the catalytic performance of sea sand as a nonconventional catalyst in the transesterification reaction of used cooking oil and refined oil with methanol. The sea sand was utilized as a source of calcium oxide. The main characteristic of this sea sand is the high content of CaCO3 which was transformed into CaO by calcination. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption/desorption (BET) and by Hammett method (basicity determination). The produced biodiesel has 95.4% (polar + non polar methyl esters), 96.6% and 97.5% methyl esters content when employing used cooking oil, safflower oil and soybean oil, respectively. The obtained biodiesel at these conditions (atmospheric pressure, reaction temperature of 60 °C, 12:1 M ratio of methanol:oil and catalyst amount of 7.5%) met key parameters (viscosity: 4.2–5.0 mm2/s and acid value: 0.05–0.011 mg KOH/g) of the European norm EN-14214 (viscosity: 3.5–5.0 mm2/g and acid value: max. 0.50 mg KOH/g).

Gabriel Galván Muciño; Rubi Romero; Armando Ramírez; Sandra Luz Martínez; Ramiro Baeza-Jiménez; Reyna Natividad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Production of biodiesel from Vietnamese Jatropha curcas oil by a co-solvent method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel fuels (BDFs) was successfully produced from Vietnamese Jatropha curcas oil with high content of free fatty acids (FFAs) in two stages. In the first stage, the esterification process was carried out with the optimal conditions as follows; a methanol-to-FFAs molar ratio of 6:1, 1 wt% H2SO4, at a temperature of 65 °C, and using 30% (wt/wt) acetonitrile as co-solvent. This step reduced the concentration of \\{FFAs\\} in the reaction mixture from 15.93 to 2 wt% in 60 min. In the second stage, the transesterification process generated fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with 99% efficiency was performed in 30 min with the optimal conditions as follows; a methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 6:1, 1 wt% KOH, at a temperature of 40 °C, and 20% (wt/wt) acetone as co-solvent. The produced biodiesel quality meets the standards JIS K2390 and EN 14214 regarding FAME yield, \\{FFAs\\} and water contents.

Phuong Duc Luu; Hoa Thi Truong; Boi Van Luu; Lan Ngoc Pham; Kyoshi Imamura; Norimichi Takenaka; Yasuaki Maeda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Microalgal biomethane production integrated with an existing biogas plant: A case study in Sweden  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae are considered as potential sources for biodiesel production due to the higher growth rate than terrestrial plants. However, the large-scale application of algal biodiesel would be limited by the downstream cost of lipid extraction and the availability of water, CO2 and nutrients. A possible solution is to integrate algae cultivation with existing biogas plant, where algae can be cultivated using the discharges of CO2 and digestate as nutrient input, and then the attained biomass can be converted directly to biomethane by existing infrastructures. This integrated system is investigated and evaluated in this study. Algae are cultivated in a photobioreactor in a greenhouse, and two cultivation options (greenhouse with and without heating) are included. Life cycle assessment of the system was conducted, showing that algal biomethane production without greenhouse heating would have a net energy ratio of 1.54, which is slightly lower than that (1.78) of biomethane from ley crop. However, land requirement of the latter is approximately 68 times that of the former, because the area productivity of algae could reach at about 400 t/ha (dry basis) in half a year, while the annual productivity of ley crop is only about 5.8 t/ha. For the case of Växtkraft biogas plant in Västerås, Sweden, the integrated system has the potential to increase the annual biomethane output by 9.4%. This new process is very simple, which might have potential for scale-up and commercial application of algal bioenergy.

Xiaoqiang Wang; Eva Nordlander; Eva Thorin; Jinyue Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Intensification of biodiesel production from waste goat tallow using infrared radiation: Process evaluation through response surface methodology and artificial neural network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For the first time, an efficient simultaneous trans/esterification process for biodiesel synthesis from waste goat tallow with considerable free fatty acids (FFAs) content has been explored employing an infrared radiation assisted reactor (IRAR). The impacts of methanol to tallow molar ratio, IRAR temperature and H2SO4 concentration on goat tallow conversion were evaluated by response surface methodology (RSM). Under optimal conditions, 96.7% FFA conversion was achieved within 2.5 h at 59.93 wt.% H2SO4, 69.97 °C IRAR temperature and 31.88:1 methanol to tallow molar ratio. The experimental results were also modeled using artificial neural network (ANN) and marginal improvement in modeling efficiency was observed in comparison with RSM. The infrared radiation strategy could significantly accelerate the conversion process as demonstrated through a substantial reduction in reaction time compared to conventionally heated reactor while providing appreciably high biodiesel yield. Moreover, the in situ water removal using silica-gel adsorbent could also facilitate achieving higher FFA conversion to fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Owing to the occurrence of simultaneous transesterification of triglycerides present in goat tallow, overall 98.5 wt.% FAME content was determined at optimal conditions in the product biodiesel which conformed to ASTM and EN biodiesel specifications.

R. Chakraborty; H. Sahu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Synthesis of Biodiesel in Capillary Microreactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Biodiesel in Capillary Microreactors ... KOH-catalyzed synthesis of biodiesel was carried out in capillary microreactors with inner diameters of 0.25 or 0.53 mm, with unrefined rapeseed oil and cottonseed oil as raw materials. ... The influences of the methanol to oil molar ratio, the residence time, the catalyst concentration, the reaction temperature, and the dimension of the capillary on the production of biodiesel were examined. ...

Juan Sun; Jingxi Ju; Lei Ji; Lixiong Zhang; Nanping Xu

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Home Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Home Biodiesel Place Marysville, California Zip 95901 Product Manufacturer of small scale biodiesel equipment. Coordinates 48.05969°, -122.176922° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.05969,"lon":-122.176922,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

General Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Address 4034 West Marginal Way Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98106 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to turn waste cooking oil and animal fat into feedstock for biodiesel Website http://generalbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.5677317°, -122.3542271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.5677317,"lon":-122.3542271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

153

High biofuel production of Botryococcus braunii using optimized cultivation strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aquatic Species Program: Biodiesel from Algae (Department ofmodel to estimate biodiesel production costs. Biores.CB. A critical review of biodiesel as a transportat?on fuel

Yu, Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Creating Biodiesel & Mitigating Waste  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

Safety practices for handling the materials involved in producing biodiesel fuel cannot be overemphasized, especially if students attempt to synthesize biodiesel outside of class.

155

Optimization of biodiesel production from waste lard by a two-step transesterification process under mild conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this work is to investigate a two-step homogenous catalyzed waste lard transesterification reaction for low cost biodiesel production. For this purpose, two 23 full factorial design of experiments was applied. Six variables, namely esterification time (60–120 min), H2SO4 concentration (20–40 wt.%), MeOH:FFA (15:1–23:1), transesterification time (30–60 min), KOH concentration (1–2 wt.%), and MeOH:triglycerides (6:1–9:1), that typically affect the production process were studied. The esterification step is significantly affected mostly by the reaction time and the MeOH:FFA ratio value. Specifically, their increase brings a reduction of the FFA acidity. Likewise, the transesterification step is positively affected primarily by three independent variables, namely reaction time, KOH concentration and MeOH:triglyceride ratio. Furthermore two empirical models describing evolution of the two-step transesterification reaction were developed. They can become useful tools for further scaling-up the process by predicting its reaction yield within a 95% of confidence level.

Ioannis Sarantopoulos; Efthalia Chatzisymeon; Spyros Foteinis; Theocharis Tsoutsos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water Content in Biodiesel, Diesel, and Biodiesel–Diesel Blends ... In what concerns road transportation, biodiesel is being considered a good alternative to conventional diesels. ...

Patricia Bogalhos Lucente Fregolente; Leonardo Vasconcelos Fregolente; Maria Regina Wolf Maciel

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

157

Big Daddy s Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daddy s Biodiesel Inc Daddy s Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc Place Hereford, Texas Zip 79045 Product Biodiesel producer in Hereford, Texas. References Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc is a company located in Hereford, Texas . References ↑ "Big Daddy's Biodiesel Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Big_Daddy_s_Biodiesel_Inc&oldid=342725" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

158

Toxicology and Ecotoxicology of Biodiesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work attempts to demonstrate the toxic and ecotoxic hazards of Biodiesel and diesel petroleum fuel. The hazard was estimated by means of ... to mammals, fishes, evertebrates, higher plants, algae, cyanobacte...

Wolfgang Rodinger

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Fuels - Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Biodiesel * Biodiesel * Butanol * Ethanol * Hydrogen * Natural Gas * Fischer-Tropsch Batteries Cross-Cutting Assessments Engines GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Clean Diesel Fuels Background Reducing our country's dependence on foreign oil and the rising costs of crude oil are primary reasons for a renewed interest in alternative fuels for the transportation sector. Stringent emissions regulations and public concern about mobile sources of air pollution provide additional incentives to develop fuels that generate fewer emissions, potentially reducing the need for sophisticated, expensive exhaust after-treatment devices.

160

The Production of Algal Biodiesel Using Hydrothermal Carbonization and In Situ Transesterification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing demand for liquid transportation fuels and growing concerns about the impacts of our continued reliance on petroleum have encouraged the use of plant-based, alternative… (more)

Levine, Robert Bernard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends Quality Assessment of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends The results of a quality survey of B20 fuel in the United States were...

162

Investigation of engine performance and exhaust gas emissions by using bio-diesel in compression ignition engine and optimisation of bio-diesel production from feedstock by using response surface methodology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bio-diesel, derived from the transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with simple alcohols, has attracted more and more attention recently. As a cleaner burning… (more)

Abuhabaya, Abdullah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Cultivation of algae on highly concentrated municipal wastewater as an energy crop for biodiesel production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There has been renewed interest in bio-fuel production over the past decade due to the sharp rise in fossil fuel prices and increasing concerns about… (more)

Li, Yecong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Washington Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: Washington Biodiesel Name Washington Biodiesel Address 3401 Fremont Avenue N. Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biofuels Product Aims to grow biodiesel feedstock Website http://wabiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 47.6495905°, -122.3497956° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6495905,"lon":-122.3497956,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

Fleet Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fleet Biodiesel Fleet Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Fleet Biodiesel Address 7710 Balboa Ave Place San Diego, California Zip 92111 Sector Biofuels Product Develops and sells diagnostic test kits for new biofuels coming to market Website http://www.fleetbiodiesel.com/ Coordinates 32.822245°, -117.157914° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.822245,"lon":-117.157914,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

166

Springboard Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springboard Biodiesel LLC Springboard Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Springboard Biodiesel LLC Place Chico, California Zip 95928 Product Provider of products and technologies for the production of biodiesel. Coordinates 33.29657°, -97.794116° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.29657,"lon":-97.794116,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production (Million Barrels) Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

168

Louisiana Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in Louisiana (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in Louisiana (Million...

169

Alabama Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant Liquids Production Extracted in Alabama (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in Alabama (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0...

170

California Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production Extracted in California (Million Cubic Feet) California Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in California (Million Cubic Feet) Decade...

171

Biodiesel and Other Renewable Diesel Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Present federal tax incentives apply to certain types of biomass-derived diesel fuels, which in energy policy and tax laws are described either as renewable diesel or biodiesel. To understand the distinctions between these diesel types it is necessary to understand the technologies used to produce them and the properties of the resulting products. This fact sheet contains definitions of renewable and biodiesel and discusses the processes used to convert biomass to diesel fuel and the properties of biodiesel and renewable diesel fuels.

Not Available

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Gas plants, new fields spark production rise  

SciTech Connect

Gas plant construction is welcomed by operators in the Williston Basin, North Dakota. Petroleum and gas production has increased. The Montana portion of the Williston Basin shows new discoveries. Some secondary recovery efforts are in operation. Industrial officials share the same enthusiasm and optimism for rising production as they do for exploration potential in the basin. 5 tables.

Lenzini, D.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Investigating the Use of Ion Exchange Resins for Processing Biodiesel Feedstocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion exchange resins, commonly used in water treatment, demonstrate promise for the production of biodiesel from biomass feedstocks. The goal of this presented PhD research is to investigate novel uses of ion exchange resins for processing biodiesel...

Jamal, Yousuf 1973-

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

174

Subcritical water extraction of lipids from wet algae for biodiesel production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An energy efficient extraction of algal lipids from wet algal biomass was performed at subcritical conditions of water. This was achieved using microwave assisted heating as well as conventional heating. The conventional heating subcritical water (C-SCW) extraction and microwave assisted subcritical water (MW-SCW) experiments were designed and conducted to study the effects of extraction temperature, time, and biomass loading on lipid extraction. The Response surface methodology was used to optimize the parameters for maximum extraction of lipids. The influence of extraction temperature is more when compared to other experimental parameters in both processes. The maximum extraction efficiencies were achieved at 220 °C using conventional heating and 205 °C using microwave heating. Complete extraction of lipids was observed with microwave assisted heating and 70% extraction efficiency was achieved using conventional heating. The energy required for extraction is greatly reduced (2–8 folds) when compared to the conventional solvent extraction. The potential by-products like protein rich residual algae, omega-3 fatty acids, and sugars in residual water phase were identified. The biomass and the crude extracts were characterized using GC–MS, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).

Harvind K. Reddy; Tapaswy Muppaneni; Yingqiang Sun; Yin Li; Sundaravadivelnathan Ponnusamy; Prafulla D. Patil; Peter Dailey; Tanner Schaub; F. Omar Holguin; Barry Dungan; Peter Cooke; Peter Lammers; Wayne Voorhies; Xiuyang Lu; Shuguang Deng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Prices Find biodiesel fuel prices and trends. Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant

176

Synthesis and Characterization of Beef Tallow Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis and Characterization of Beef Tallow Biodiesel ... fatty acid esters and natural biodiesels. ...

Bruno Quirino Araújo; Rafael Cavalcante da Rocha Nunes; Carla Verônica Rodarte de Moura; Edmilson Miranda de Moura; Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes Citó; José Ribeiro dos Santos Júnior

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

An updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis of algae biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae biodiesel is a promising but expensive alternative fuel to petro-diesel. To overcome cost barriers, detailed cost analyses are needed. A decade-old cost analysis by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicated that the costs of algae biodiesel were in the range of $0.53–0.85/L (2012 USD values). However, the cost of land and transesterification were just roughly estimated. In this study, an updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis was conducted with optimized processes and improved cost estimations. Latest process improvement, quotes from vendors, government databases, and other relevant data sources were used to calculate the updated algal biodiesel costs, and the final costs of biodiesel are in the range of $0.42–0.97/L. Additional improvements on cost-effective biodiesel production around the globe to cultivate algae was also recommended. Overall, the calculated costs seem promising, suggesting that a single step biodiesel production process is close to commercial reality.

Sanjay Nagarajan; Siaw Kiang Chou; Shenyan Cao; Chen Wu; Zhi Zhou

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the performance of a specific low horsepower diesel engine such as the one used by U.B.C. plant operationsTHE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA MECH 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study Submitted to: Dr 456 Biodiesel Engine Compatibility Study i Executive Summary The objectives of this project were

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund for Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tax Refund for Methanol Used in Biodiesel Production on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

180

Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Production Production (Million Barrels) Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 View History U.S. 629 650 667 714 745 784 1979-2011 Alabama 3 2 7 5 6 6 1979-2011 Alaska 14 13 13 13 11 11 1979-2011 Arkansas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2011 California 11 11 11 11 10 10 1979-2011 Coastal Region Onshore 1 1 1 1 1 1 1979-2011 Los Angeles Basin Onshore 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2011 San Joaquin Basin Onshore 10 10 10 10 9 9 1979-2011 State Offshore 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2011 Colorado 26 27 38 48 58 63 1979-2011 Florida 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2011 Kansas 18 18 18 16 16 16 1979-2011 Kentucky 3 3 3 4 5 4 1979-2011 Louisiana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Biodiesel From Uncommon Fatty Acids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......applications for these novel biodiesel, and examples are...diesel, such as biodiesel blends and in the...September 27, 2007 ("Process and applications of biodiesel from uncommon fatty...quantitative and sensory evaluation. Biosci. Biotech......

José Domingos Fontana

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Mid States Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States Biodiesel States Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid-States Biodiesel Place Hampton, Iowa Product Iowa-based biodiesel producer. Coordinates 37.027795°, -76.345119° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.027795,"lon":-76.345119,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

183

Earthship BioDiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Earthship BioDiesel Earthship BioDiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name Earthship BioDiesel Place Taos, New Mexico Zip 87571 Product Supplier and retailer of biodiesel made from Waste Vegetable Oil. Coordinates 36.4116°, -105.574251° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.4116,"lon":-105.574251,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Green River Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name Green River Biodiesel Incorporated Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056 Product Biodiesel project developer and producer. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

185

Brownfield Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Brownfield Biodiesel LLC Place Ralls, Texas Zip 79357 Product Biodiesel producer in Ralls, Texas. Coordinates 33.674665°, -101.387804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.674665,"lon":-101.387804,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

Biodiesel Safety and Best Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................... 1 FuelOptionsfromBiomassOilFeedstocks ......................... 1 Using biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable fuel that can be made from various biomass oil feedstocks

Lee, Dongwon

187

Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominate. Montana State University researchers have developed a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominate. Montana State University researchers have plants used for biodiesel. Seed oil content increases are induced by puroindoline genes which promote

Maxwell, Bruce D.

188

Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers to work for a broad range of oilseed plants including biodiesel and cereal crops. Increased oil

Maxwell, Bruce D.

189

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NOx Reduction from Biodiesel Fuels ... NOx emissions appear to be different for biodiesels from different feedstocks. ... For the suite of biodiesels prepared from nearly pure fatty acids, all biodiesel fuels produced higher NOx than certification diesel with the following exceptions:? methyl palmitate, methyl laurate, ethyl stearate, and the ethyl ester of hydrogenated soybean oil. ...

Sandun Fernando; Chris Hall; Saroj Jha

2005-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

190

Biodiesel Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics Biodiesel Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis Looking for Biodiesel stations? Checkout the Alternative Fuels Data Center station locator. Biodiesel station locator Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. What is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is a liquid fuel made up of fatty acid alkyl esters, fatty acid methyl esters, or long-chain mono alkyl esters. It is produced from renewable sources such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats and is a cleaner-burning replacement for petroleum-based diesel fuel. It is nontoxic and biodegradable. Like petroleum diesel, biodiesel is used to fuel compression-ignition (diesel) engines. B20, which is 20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum diesel, is

191

Gulf Of Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant Liquids Production (Million Cubic Feet) Gulf Of Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

192

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Expected Future Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Expected Future Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

193

Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next Release Date: 10312014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants Federal Offshore California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

194

California--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2014 Next Release Date: 10312014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants California State Offshore Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production...

195

Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products BTCP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products BTCP Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products BTCP Jump to: navigation, search Name Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products (BTCP) Place Russian Federation Zip 301801 Sector Solar Product BTCP is a high technology company established to pursue the production of electronic components and solar initiatives. References Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products (BTCP)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products (BTCP) is a company located in Russian Federation . References ↑ "Bogoroditsk Plant of Technochemical Products (BTCP)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Bogoroditsk_Plant_of_Technochemical_Products_BTCP&oldid=342960

196

Biodiesel R&D at NREL  

SciTech Connect

Discusses NREL's biodiesel research priorities and some current research results, including those concerning biodiesel quality and stability.

McCormick, R.; Alleman, T.; Barnitt, R.; Clark, W.; Hayes, B.; Ireland, J.; Proc, K.; Ratcliff, M.; Thornton, M.; Whitacre, S.; Williams, A.

2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

197

Kinetic evaluation of the esterification of fatty acids to biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The free fatty acids of cotton seed oil were processed with methanol and ethanol into the corresponding alkyl fatty esters in the presence of diluted sulfuric acid. The products characterized as biodiesels pre...

Frederico A. D. Araújo; Sonia V. Pereira…

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Process Simulation and Evaluation of Alternative Solvents for Jatropha Curcas L. Seed Oil Extraction in Biodiesel Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Jatropha curcas L. is a drought-resistant plant which can be grown in poor soil and marginal lands. The use of Jatropha seed oil to produce… (more)

Chiou, Ming-Hao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Stations Photo of a biodiesel fueling station. Hundreds of biodiesel fueling stations are available in the United States.

200

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Specifications Biodiesel produced or sold in the state, including for the purpose of blending with petroleum diesel, must meet ASTM specification D6751.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Genetic Engineering of Algae for Enhanced Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biofuels, including biodiesel and ethanol. It...If ancient algae are responsible...the marine red alga Gracilaria gracilis...implications for biodiesel production. Metab...Species Program-biodiesel from algae. Report no. NREL...

Randor Radakovits; Robert E. Jinkerson; Al Darzins; Matthew C. Posewitz

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

Pacific Biodiesel: Renewable and Sustainable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the Pacific Biodiesel topic and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

203

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algae  biodiesel  competitive  against  plant  biodiesels  or  fossil  fuels  Algae  Production  for  Biodiesel   In  2007,  the  US  Renewable  Fuel  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Biodiesel Buccaneers Brodie Burke Sara  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost than buying biodiesel/petroleum diesel at the pump in Olympia? How does methanol compare/27 tests and a wash batch Attempted to run the biodiesel in a 1 cylinder model engine to test power about dual diesel engine conversion for WVO Burke would like to study fish oil for biodiesel use

205

U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity Release Date: May 20, 2013 | Next Release Date: May 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2013 2012 2011 Go Notice: Changes to Petroleum Supply Survey Forms for 2013 This is the third release of U.S. Energy Information Administration data on fuel ethanol production capacity. EIA first reported fuel ethanol production capacities as of January 1, 2011 on November 29, 2011. This new report contains production capacity data for all operating U.S. fuel ethanol production plants as of January 1, 2013. U.S. Nameplate Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity as of January 1, 2013 PAD District Number of Plants 2013 Nameplate Capacity 2012 Nameplate Capacity (MMgal/year) (mb/d) (MMgal/year) (mb/d) PADD 1 4 360 23 316 21

206

A Continuous Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Plant Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Production Plant Heat Exchangers Turbines Electrolyzer Pumps and Compressors NaCl Storage Separators Thermochemical Reactors + Chemical Absorber Figure 6.2: Equipment Cost

Luc, Wesley Wai

207

A Review of Chromatographic Characterization Techniques for Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......determination of the biodiesel content of...blends of biodiesel in conventional...Sciences and Engineering Division...characterization of biodiesel and its blends...addressed. Introduction Biodiesel...commercial fuels. These fuels......

R. E. Pauls

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Based Production (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

209

Electrochemical method for producing a biodiesel mixture comprising fatty acid alkyl esters and glycerol  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to an integrated method and system for the simultaneous production of biodiesel from free fatty acids (via esterification) and from triglycerides (via transesterification) within the same reaction chamber. More specifically, one preferred embodiment of the invention relates to a method and system for the production of biodiesel using an electrodeionization stack, wherein an ion exchange resin matrix acts as a heterogeneous catalyst for simultaneous esterification and transesterification reactions between a feedstock and a lower alcohol to produce biodiesel, wherein the feedstock contains significant levels of free fatty acid. In addition, because of the use of a heterogeneous catalyst, the glycerol and biodiesel have much lower salt concentrations than raw biodiesel produced by conventional transesterification processes. The present invention makes it much easier to purify glycerol and biodiesel.

Lin, YuPo J; St. Martin, Edward J

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

210

Snohomish County Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to use a blend of biodiesel and petroleum diesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to ���¢��������grow���¢������� this fuel locally. Suitable seed crops that can be crushed to extract oil for use as biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard, and camelina. The residue, or mash, has high value as an animal feed. County farmers began with 52 acres of canola and mustard crops in 2006, increasing to 250 acres and 356 tons in 2008. In 2009, this number decreased to about 150 acres and 300 tons due to increased price for mustard seed.

Terrill Chang; Deanna Carveth

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Definition: Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel A renewable fuel that can be produced from a wide range of vegetable oils or animal fats. May be used either as a replacement for or as a component of diesel fuel. Additional technical definition: ASTM D6751 - 11b.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g. , vegetable oil, animal fat) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone, or blended with petrodiesel. Biodiesel can also be used as a low carbon

212

Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releases less ai

Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator] [Co-Principal Investigator

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Inc Biodiesel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Silicon Valley Biodiesel Inc. Place Sunnyvale, California Zip CA 94086 Product Manufactures biodiesel for the local diesel fuel market using local supplies of waste fats, oils and greases that is converted into fatty acid methyl esters and has properties similar to diesel fuel. Coordinates 32.780338°, -96.547405° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.780338,"lon":-96.547405,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

214

General Biodiesel Incorporated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Incorporated Biodiesel Incorporated Jump to: navigation, search Name General Biodiesel Incorporated Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98136 Product General BioDieselâ"¢, Inc. specializes in producing high-quality biodiesel by processing vegetable oils (primarily palm, canola, soy, linseed, coconut, mustard and cotton) and by cleaning and recycling cooking oils. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

215

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase IV: Resource Production and Power Plant Construction GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation

216

Biodiesel Fuel Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Fuel Basics Biodiesel Fuel Basics July 30, 2013 - 2:43pm Addthis Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufactured from vegetable oils, animal...

217

Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP GBB Jump to: navigation, search Name Galveston Bay Biodiesel LP (GBB) Place Houston, Texas Product Developer of a 75.8m litre per year biodiesel facility on the Galveston Bulk Terminal site, located on Galveston Island. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

218

Life Cycle Energy and Carbon Footprints of Microalgal Biodiesel Production in Western Australia: A Comparison of Byproducts Utilization Strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

hybrid system ... In addition, ?35% of the total energy inputs is associated with process heat and energy embedded in infrastructure construction materials. ... This includes smart co-product utilization, decarbonization of the electricity and heat grids as well as indirect energy requirements for fertilizer, transport and building material. ...

Xiangpeng Gao; Yun Yu; Hongwei Wu

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

219

Algae Biodiesel: Commercialization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be grown year around 11 · Can grow algae in produced water from oil and gas wells. This water is considered · Understand need for adequate quantities of economically renewable feedstock that produces an oil which can testing 5/2006 ·Made first biodiesel from local freshwater algae 6/2006 ·Inoculated first outdoor tank 8

Tullos, Desiree

220

Structural Correlates of Cytoplasmic and Chloroplast Lipid Body Synthesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Stimulation of Lipid Body Production with Acetate Boost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...eukaryotic soil alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii...model organism for biodiesel production. Cells...et al. 2010. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and...eukaryotic soil alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii...model organism for biodiesel production. Cells growing...

Carrie Goodson; Robyn Roth; Zi Teng Wang; Ursula Goodenough

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Modifications of the metabolic pathways of lipid and triglyceride production in microalgae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scale adoption of algae-derived biodiesel. The four majorSpecies Program–Biodiesel from Algae. Edited by: DOE:tion on biodiesel production from algae and future studies.

Yu, Wei-Luen; Ansari, William; Schoepp, Nathan G; Hannon, Michael J; Mayfield, Stephen P; Burkart, Michael D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Triacylglyceride Production and Autophagous Responses in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Depend on Resource Allocation and Carbon Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and AG Smith. 2010. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects...vulgaris of lipids for biodiesel feedstocks. Biofuels...accumulation in the model green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii...choosing algal species for biodiesel production. J. Appl...

Matthew P. Davey; Irmtraud Horst; Giang-Huong Duong; Eleanor V. Tomsett; Alexander C. P. Litvinenko; Christopher J. Howe; Alison G. Smith

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

223

Triacylglyceride Production and Autophagous Responses in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Depend on Resource Allocation and Carbon Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exploited for further metabolic engineering applications. Although total...Lea-Smith, and AG Smith. 2010. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and...Chlorella vulgaris of lipids for biodiesel feedstocks. Biofuels 1...and Chlorella vulgaris for biodiesel production. Chem. Eng...

Matthew P. Davey; Irmtraud Horst; Giang-Huong Duong; Eleanor V. Tomsett; Alexander C. P. Litvinenko; Christopher J. Howe; Alison G. Smith

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

224

Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. 2006. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmentalal. 2008. Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass.ethanol and biodiesel fuels from food crops such as corn and soybeans is relatively energy-

Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants A funding opportunity announcement of the cost shared feasibility studies of nuclear energy based production of hydrogen using available technology. The objective of this activity is to select and conduct project(s) that will utilize hydrogen production equipment and nuclear energy as necessary to produce data and analysis on the economics of hydrogen production with nuclear energy. Feasibility Study of Hydrogen Production at Existing Nuclear Power Plants More Documents & Publications https://e-center.doe.gov/iips/faopor.nsf/UNID/E67E46185A67EBE68 Microsoft Word - FOA cover sheet.doc Microsoft Word - hDE-FOA-0000092.rtf

226

Characterization of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Particulate Matter by TG, TG?MS, and FTIR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characterization of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Particulate Matter by TG, TG?MS, and FTIR ... Pure vegetable oil biodiesels (rapeseed and soybean) were significantly more effective in the cleanup of oiled sands (?96%) than recycled waste cooking oil biodiesel (70%). ... To minimize use of biodiesels synthesized from edible oils, such as palm oil, because of the raising food versus fuel issue, palm biodiesel (PBD) was blended in different weight ratios with biodiesels synthesized from tree-borne non-edible oil seeds, ... ...

Yi-Chi Chien; Mingming Lu; Ming Chai; F. James Boreo

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

227

Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production June 23, 2011 - 4:37pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs It's always exciting when efforts to move new energy technology forward also lead to new job creation. Earlier today, Secretary Chu was invited to tour the new Amonix solar power system manufacturing plant in North Las Vegas, Nevada. Construction of the facility, which was completed in May, generated 135 construction jobs and more than 300 permanent jobs! The company was able to take advantage of a $5.9 million clean energy manufacturing tax credit to build the $18 million facility. The 214,000 sq. ft. plant manufacturers Amonix MegaModules®, part of the company's

228

Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production Nevada Plant Adds Jobs, Moves America Forward in Solar Production June 23, 2011 - 4:37pm Addthis Lindsey Geisler Lindsey Geisler Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs It's always exciting when efforts to move new energy technology forward also lead to new job creation. Earlier today, Secretary Chu was invited to tour the new Amonix solar power system manufacturing plant in North Las Vegas, Nevada. Construction of the facility, which was completed in May, generated 135 construction jobs and more than 300 permanent jobs! The company was able to take advantage of a $5.9 million clean energy manufacturing tax credit to build the $18 million facility. The 214,000 sq. ft. plant manufacturers Amonix MegaModules®, part of the company's

229

Biodiesel 2014: FAME and Misfortune?  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

generation BTL are sensible alternatives to biodiesel Waste Not, Want Not: E20 Vehicle Test Program with Clariant and Haltermann William Woebkenberg - US Fuels Technical and...

230

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Use to Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) may purchase biodiesel for use in IDOT vehicles through the biodiesel fuel revolving fund created in the state treasury. The fund consists of money received from the sale of Energy

231

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Beginning January 1, 2014, biodiesel blends containing at least 20% biodiesel derived from used cooking oil are exempt from the state fuel

232

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Storage Biodiesel Storage Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Storage Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Storage Regulations Underground storage tank regulations apply to all biodiesel blends with the exception of 100% biodiesel (B100). An owner changing the use of an

233

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Sales and use taxes apply to 80% of the proceeds from the sale of biodiesel fuel blends containing between 1% and 10% biodiesel made between July 1,

234

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel is exempt from the $0.30 per gallon state motor fuel tax. Biodiesel may be blended with other fuel for use in motor vehicles, but

235

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Vehicle Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Vehicle Emissions When used as a vehicle fuel, biodiesel offers some tailpipe and considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions benefits over conventional

236

Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Stowe Power Production Plant Biomass Facility Facility Stowe Power Production Plant Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Montgomery County, Pennsylvania Coordinates 40.2290075°, -75.3878525° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.2290075,"lon":-75.3878525,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

237

Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production,...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alaska--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

238

California Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production Extracted in California (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's NA -...

239

Texas--State Offshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's NA - No Data...

240

Biodiesel Produced by Ethanolysis: Melting Profile, Densities, and Viscosities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although biorenewable and sustainable ethanol is appealing and the fatty acid profiles of crambe, fodder radish, coconut, and macauba oils are proper for biodiesel production, there is little data regarding the physical properties of biodiesels produced by ethanolysis from these promising raw materials. ... Therefore, the objectives of the present work were to present the experimental densities and viscosities for biodiesels produced by ethanolysis from crambe oil (BPECr), fodder radish oil (BPEFR), coconut oil (BPEC), and macauba pulp oil (BPEMP) at temperatures up to 363.2 K, to compare the experimental data with calculated viscosities from the models proposed by Ceriani et al.(13) and Basso et al.(11) as well as with the densities calculated using the GCVOL model(14) and a systematized predictive methodology(11) based on the method proposed by Halvorsen et al.,(15) to determine, using differential scanning calorimetry, the melting profile of these four promising biofuels, and to correlate the three studied physical properties to the ethyl ester composition of each biodiesel. ... All biodiesels have low contents of polyunsaturated ethyl esters, a favorable characteristic for biodiesel because the oxidative stability decreases with increase of the unsaturation level. ...

Rodrigo C. Basso; Antônio J. A. Meirelles; Eduardo A. C. Batista

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Relatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is vehicle stalling caused by fuel filter clogging, which prevents fuel from reaching the engine. ResearchRelatively low-cost solutions could improve reliability while making biodiesel blends an affordable option. While biodiesel has very low production costs and the potential to displace up to 10

242

Analysis of Biodiesel/Petroleum Diesel Blends with Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC GC...assembled from a conventional gas chromatograph fitted with...bined with the high cost of crude oil, has sparked...interest in biodiesel production and distribution. Biodiesel...methods use single column gas chromatography (GC......

John V. Seeley; Stacy K. Seeley; Elise K. Libby; James D. McCurry

243

Production of orally immunogenic bacterial protein in transgenic plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRODUCTION OF AN ORALLY IMMUNOGENIC BACTERIAL PROTEIN IN TRANSGENIC PLANTS A Thesis TARIQ ANSARUL HAQ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1996 Major Subject: Biochemistry PRODUCTION OF AN ORALLY IMMUNOGENIC BACTERIAL PROTEIN IN TRANSGENIC PLANTS A Thesis by TARIQ ANSARUL HAQ Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Haq, Tariq Ansarul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Draft Tomato Product Processing Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Tomato Product Processing Plant EPI Draft Tomato Product Processing Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

245

Quality, Stability, Performance, and Emission Impacts of Biodiesel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

already exceeds 5% of the on-highway diesel market Biodiesel also reduces greenhouse gas emissions relative to petroleum 3 Barriers 1. Biodiesel quality: Some biodiesel...

246

Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1J 8DY Product London-based company focused on trading of biodiesel. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

247

Gaseous Diffusion Plant Production Workers Needs Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Gaseous Diffusion Plants Department of Energy Gaseous Diffusion Plants Phase I: Needs Assessment Robert Wages Oil, Chemical and Atomic Inte national Union Steven Markowitz Mount Sinai School of Medicine Sylvia Kieding Oil, Chemical and Atomic International Union Mark Griffon University of Massachusetts Lowell Elizabeth Averill Samaras Alice Hamilton College October 1, 1997 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Number Executive Summary 1 J: OVERVIEW 1. Introduction 2-3 2. Methods 3-8 3. Principal Findings 9-16 4. Need for Medical Surveillance and Risk Communication 16-17 PART II: METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS 4. Exposure Assessment Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C 5. Focus Group Results Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C 6. Epidemiology and Other Health Studies EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Purpose We report the results and analysis of a one year needs assessment study evaluating

248

Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Iowa Army Ammunition Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Medical Monitoring of Former Atomic Weapons Workers at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (IAAP) in Burlington, Iowa Covered DOE Site: IAAP Worker Population Served: All Line 1/Division B Workers Principal Investigator: Laurence Fuortes, MD Toll-free Telephone: (866) 282-5818 Local Medical Clinics: University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics 200 Hawkins Drive Iowa City, IA 52242 Henry County Health Center 407 South White Street Mt. Pleasant, IA 62641 Great River Medical Center 1221 S. Gear Avenue West Burlington, IA 52655 Website: http://cph.uiowa.edu/iowafwp/ This project is intended to screen for occupational health conditions among

249

Energy Productivity Improvement in Petrochemical Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

planning economics, open loop computer control of multi-department energy variables, and closed loop computer optimization of plantwide energy variables. Results indicate a ten to fifteen percent energy productivity improvement can be expected....

Robinson, A. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fast Gas Chromatographic Separation of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......distribution of B100 biodiesel. The capillary...B100 content of biodiesel-diesel blends...Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne...distribution of B100 biodiesel. The capillary...biodieseldiesel blends. Introduction Biodiesel is a...conventional diesel fuel with fatty acid......

R. E. Pauls

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Rheological Behavior of Castor Oil Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rheological Behavior of Castor Oil Biodiesel ... This work aims at assessing the rheological behavior of castor oil, castor oil biodiesel, and undegraded and degraded biodiesel at different exposure times and temperatures. ... Castor oil biodiesel presents viscosity higher than diesel oil, but this drawback can be corrected by means of blends of both components at different proportions. ...

Marta M. Conceição; Roberlúcia A. Candeia; Hermesson J. Dantas; Luiz E. B. Soledade; Valter J. Fernandes, Jr.; Antonio G. Souza

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

252

First Stand-by Rubber Plant Back in Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First Stand-by Rubber Plant Back in Production ... The first reactor was charged Oct. 12, and baled and dried GR-S was produced three days later-an elapsed time of 95 days between notification date and first production. ...

1950-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

253

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Standards Biodiesel blends are considered compliant with Texas Low Emissions Diesel Fuel (TxLED) regulations if the diesel fuel is compliant with TxLED

254

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Sales Biodiesel Sales Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Requirements It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, assist in the sale of, deliver, or permit to be sold or offered for sale any biodiesel,

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Benefits to Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Benefits and Considerations Biodiesel is a domestically produced, clean-burning, renewable substitute for petroleum diesel. Using biodiesel as a vehicle fuel increases energy security, improves public health and the environment, and provides safety

256

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 75% of the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) vehicles and heavy equipment that use diesel fuel must be fueled with biodiesel

257

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, either in pure form or mixed in any combination with petroleum-based diesel fuel. The

258

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel fuel is defined as a mono alkyl ester of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in compression-ignition engines and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751 in

259

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Tax Biodiesel Tax Deduction to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Deduction on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Deduction Entities and individuals that receive biodiesel consisting of 99% vegetable oil or animal fat are eligible for a tax deduction for the fuel, provided

260

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement At least 20% of all diesel fuel used to fuel state agency vehicles, vessels, and construction equipment must be biodiesel. The Washington

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Refund Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Refund A licensed distributor who pays the special fuel tax on biodiesel may claim a refund equal to $0.02 per gallon of biodiesel sold during the previous quarter if the biodiesel is made entirely from components produced in

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Education Biodiesel Education Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Education Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Education Grants Competitive grants are available through the Biodiesel Fuel Education Program (Section 9006) to educate governmental and private entities that

263

Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health Protection Program Covered DOE Site: Portsmouth Worker Population Served: Production Workers Principal Investigator: Jim Frederick Co-Principal Investigator: Steven Markowitz, MD Toll-free Telephone: (888) 241-1199 Local Outreach Office: Jeanne Cisco 2288 Wakefield Mound Road Piketon, OH 45661 Website: http://www.worker-health.org/ This project is conducted by the Unitedsteel Workers in conjunction with Queens College of the City University of New York. The program is being offered as a service to both former and current workers. Free of charge, eligible workers can receive a medical exam, including chest X-ray and

264

Efficient Antioxidant Formulations for Use in Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient Antioxidant Formulations for Use in Biodiesel ... On the basis of the similarity of the profile of the fatty soybean biodiesel and cottonseed biodiesel, this work investigated the antioxidant effect of substances TBHQ, BHT, rosmarinic acid (RA), citric acid (CA), and organic rosemary extract in these biodiesels. ... They were applied, as well as the rosemary extracts, to the soybean and cottonseed biodiesels, using the formulations listed in Tables 1 and 2, respectively. ...

Maria L. Medeiros; Angela M. M. T. Cordeiro; Neide Queiroz; Luiz E. B. Soledade; Antonia L. Souza; Antonio G. Souza

2013-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

265

Innovative applications of technology for nuclear power plant productivity improvements  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear power industry in several countries is concerned about the ability to maintain high plant performance levels due to aging and obsolescence, knowledge drain, fewer plant staff, and new requirements and commitments. Current plant operations are labor-intensive due to the vast number of operational and support activities required by commonly used technology in most plants. These concerns increase as plants extend their operating life. In addition, there is the goal to further improve performance while reducing human errors and increasingly focus on reducing operations and maintenance costs. New plants are expected to perform more productively than current plants. In order to achieve and increase high productivity, it is necessary to look at innovative applications of modern technologies and new concepts of operation. The Electric Power Research Inst. is exploring and demonstrating modern technologies that enable cost-effectively maintaining current performance levels and shifts to even higher performance levels, as well as provide tools for high performance in new plants. Several modern technologies being explored can provide multiple benefits for a wide range of applications. Examples of these technologies include simulation, visualization, automation, human cognitive engineering, and information and communications technologies. Some applications using modern technologies are described. (authors)

Naser, J. A. [Electric Power Research Inst., 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94303 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Mid America Biodiesel LLC MAB | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel LLC MAB Biodiesel LLC MAB Jump to: navigation, search Name Mid-America Biodiesel, LLC (MAB) Place Enfield, Illinois Zip 62835-2328 Product Illinois-based company producing biological products. Coordinates 36.181032°, -77.662805° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.181032,"lon":-77.662805,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. The Origin of Biodiesel Lubricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. ... The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. ...

Gerhard Knothe; Kevin R. Steidley

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

268

Biodiesel from Used Frying Oil. Variables Affecting the Yields and Characteristics of the Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel from Used Frying Oil. ... The objective of the work was to characterize the methyl esters for use as biodiesels in compression ignition motors. ...

José M. Encinar; Juan F. González; Antonio Rodríguez-Reinares

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Microalgae-based biodiesel: Economic analysis of downstream process realistic scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae oil has been identified as a reliable resource for biodiesel production due to its high lipid productivity and potential cultivation in non-fertile locations. However, high scale production of microalgae based biodiesel depends on the optimization of the entire process to be economically feasible. The selected strain, medium, harvesting methods, etc., sorely affects the ash content in the dry biomass which have a direct effect in the lipid content. Moreover, the suitable lipids for biodiesel production, some of the neutral/saponifiable, are only a fraction of the total ones (around 30% dry base biomass in the best case). The present work uses computational tools for the modeling of different scenarios of the harvesting, oil extraction and transesterification. This rigorous modeling approach detects process bottlenecks that could have led to an overestimation of the potentiality of the microalgae lipids as a resource for the biodiesel production.

Sergio D. Ríos; Carmen M. Torres; Carles Torras; Joan Salvadó; Josep M. Mateo-Sanz; Laureano Jiménez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel producers that produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil feedstock are exempt from the state special fuel tax. Waste vegetable oil means used cooking oil gathered from restaurants or commercial food

271

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate All diesel fuel sold to state agencies, political subdivisions of the state, and public schools for use in on-road motor vehicles must contain at

272

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate In September 2013, the commissioners of the Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, and Pollution Control Agency determined that all conditions had been satisfied to implement a 10%

273

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Labeling Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Labeling Requirement Biodiesel fuel retailers may not advertise or offer for sale fuel labeled as pure biodiesel unless the fuel contains no other type of petroleum

274

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use Biodiesel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use Requirement All diesel-powered motor vehicles, light trucks, and equipment owned or leased by a state agency must operate using diesel fuel that contains a

275

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Price Biodiesel Price Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Price Preference A governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or

276

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Mandate Pursuant to state law, all diesel motor vehicle fuel and all other liquid fuel used to operate motor vehicle diesel engines in Massachusetts must

277

Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use in an urban bus. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the findings from a study of the life cycle inventories for petroleum diesel and biodiesel. It presents information on raw materials extracted from the environment, energy resources consumed, and air, water, and solid waste emissions generated. Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel substitute. It can be made from a variety of natural oils and fats. Biodiesel is made by chemically combining any natural oil or fat with an alcohol such as methanol or ethanol. Methanol has been the most commonly used alcohol in the commercial production of biodiesel. In Europe, biodiesel is widely available in both its neat form (100% biodiesel, also known as B1OO) and in blends with petroleum diesel. European biodiesel is made predominantly from rapeseed oil (a cousin of canola oil). In the United States, initial interest in producing and using biodiesel has focused on the use of soybean oil as the primary feedstock mainly because the United States is the largest producer of soybean oil in the world. 170 figs., 148 tabs.

Sheehan, J.; Camobreco, V.; Duffield, J.; Graboski, M.; Shapouri, H.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Advances in synthesis of biodiesel via enzyme catalysis: Novel and sustainable approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel, a renewable fuel has a great potential in fulfilling an ever-increasing transport fuel demand. The enzymatic conversion process of feedstock oil to biodiesel is greener when compared to the conventional approach of chemical conversion due to mild reaction conditions and less wastewater generation. Lipases obtained from various microbial sources have been widely applied as catalysts for the conversion of oil to biodiesel. Biodiesel and glycerol obtained by enzymatic conversion have shown a higher purity as compared to that obtained by other conversion techniques. Enzymatic conversion of oil to biodiesel is less energy intensive because of milder reaction conditions and fewer purification steps involved in processing. Lipases, due to their catalytic efficiency and specificity, have emerged as a great tool for converting a wide range of feedstock oils to biodiesel. This manuscript presents an overview of the use of enzymatic conversion for making biodiesel production sustainable and environmentally-friendly. The constraints of enzymatic conversion are the high cost of the enzyme and its inhibition by alcohol and glycerol. The possible solutions to overcome these constraints are discussed. Recent advances to develop an effective process for enzymatic conversion of feedstock oils into biodiesel are critically evaluated. Prospective and challenges in scaling up of this technology are also discussed.

Abhishek Guldhe; Bhaskar Singh; Taurai Mutanda; Kugen Permaul; Faizal Bux

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 121 116 93 1970's 79 55 70 71 75 68 61 45 64 49 1980's 41 29 40 55 61 145 234 318 272 254 1990's 300 395 604 513 513 582 603 734 732 879 2000's 586 691 566 647 634 700 794 859 1,008 1,295 2010's 4,578 8,931 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Processing

280

Genetic Engineering of Algae for Enhanced Biofuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...grain and biodiesel from oil...production of fuel products...However, the introduction of metabolic...production of fuels faces many...comprehensive engineering of many aspects...production of biodiesel through the...biology to fuels. Curr...implications for biodiesel production...2003. Engineering a mevalonate...1994. Introduction of foreign...

Randor Radakovits; Robert E. Jinkerson; Al Darzins; Matthew C. Posewitz

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Distribution of glycoalkaloids in potato plants and commercial potato products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distribution of glycoalkaloids in potato plants and commercial potato products ... Potatoes, tomatoes, and aubergines are all species of the Solanum genus and contain a vast array of secondary metabolites including calystegine alkaloids, phenolic compounds, lectins, and glycoalkaloids. ... Colored potato varieties, such as red- and purple-fleshed potatoes, can capture new market demands for ... ...

Mendel. Friedman; Lan. Dao

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity Marc W. Cadottea,b,1, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 Edited by Michael J of biodiversity metrics (especially the number of species and functional groups). This body of re- search has

Minnesota, University of

283

An Embedded System for Determining Free Glycerol Level in Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Industrial products require strict quality controls and many times these are related to the chemical composition. Traditional reference methods for doing these are expensive and require sophisticated equipment. Flow-Batch (FB) and Flow Injection Analysis ... Keywords: Embedded Systems, Biodiesel, Glycerol, Quality Control, Automation

Gabriel M. Eggly, Paulo H. G. D. Diniz, Rodrigo Santos, Marcelo F. Pistonesi, Mário C. U. Aráujo, Beatriz Fernández Band

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Biodiesel Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicles Using Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Emissions

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-1 fuel production Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Biomaterials Waste Cooking Oil Crops Intermediate Products Conversion... Technologies Bioenergy Products Ethanol Biodiesel Electricity & Heat Other Fuels, Chemicals, &...

286

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel is a renewable special fuel that is composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids, derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, and meets the requirements of the ASTM specification D6751. (Reference New

287

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Warranty Warranty Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Warranty Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Warranty Requirement All new state government diesel vehicles must have a manufacturer's warranty that allows the use of biodiesel blends of 20% (B20) in the

288

Life cycle analysis of algae biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae biomass has great promise as a sustainable ... sustainability and net energy balance of an algal biodiesel process. The goal of this LCA was to provide baseline information for the algae biodiesel process.

Kyle Sander; Ganti S. Murthy

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

EFFECTS OF BIODIESEL BLENDING ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rising fuel costs and energy demands, combined with growing concern over health related and environmental concerns, have led to increased interest in the use of biodiesel. Biodiesel can be utilized as a direct replacement ...

Guo, Jing

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

290

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use to Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The South Dakota Department of Transportation and employees using state diesel vehicles must stock and use fuel blends containing a minimum of 2% biodiesel (B2) that meets or exceeds the most current ASTM specification

291

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Tax Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Tax Exemption An individual who produces biodiesel for use in that individual's private passenger vehicle is exempt from the state motor fuel excise tax. (Reference North Carolina General Statutes 105-449.88(9

292

Los Alamos National Laboratory considers the use of biodiesel.  

SciTech Connect

A new EPA-approved alternative fuel, called biodiesel, may soon be used at Los Alamos National Laboratory in everything from diesel trucks to laboratory equipment. Biodiesel transforms vegetable oils into a renewable, cleaner energy source that can be used in any machinery that uses diesel fuel. For the past couple years, the Laboratory has been exploring the possibility of switching over to soybean-based biodiesel. This change could lead to many health and environmental benefits, as well as help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable diesel fuel substitute made from soybean and other vegetable oil crops, as well as from recycled cooking oils. A chemical process breaks down the vegetable oil into a usable form. Vegetable oil has a chain of about 18 carbons and ordinary diesel has about 12 or 13 carbons. The process breaks the carbon chains of the vegetable oil and separates out the glycerin (a fatty substance used in creams and soaps). The co-product of glycerin can be used by pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, as well as many other markets. Once the chains are shortened and the glycerin is removed from the oil, the remaining liquid is similar to petroleum diesel fuel. It can be burned in pure form or in a blend of any proportion with petroleum diesel. To be considered an alternative fuel source by the EPA, the blend must be at least 20 percent biodiesel (B20). According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), biodiesel is America's fastest growing alternative fuel.

Matlin, M. K. (Marla K.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Biofuel Project: Creating Bio-diesel  

K-12 Energy Lesson Plans and Activities Web site (EERE)

This activity introduces students to alternative fuels and gives them an opportunity to produce their own biodiesel fuel. The text of the exercise gives students a brief background in the environmental benefits of using biodiesel as a diesel substitute. The lab portion of this exercise demonstrates the basic chemistry involved in making biodiesel from vegetable oils and waste oils.

294

Applications of Highly Cross Linked Mixed Bed Ion Exchange Resins in Biodiesel Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reach 11% of the domestic market by 2010 [13]. In order to increase future demand while also increasing the amount of diesel vehicles, the US market is currently attempting to double its biodiesel production. Today in the US there are 148 biodiesel... the Business, Analytical Methodologies, second ed., Biodiesel Basics, United States, 2006. [3]A. Srivastava, R. Prasad, Triglycerides-based diesel fuels, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 4 (2000) 111-133. [4]Y. Zhang, M.A. Dub?, D. D. McLean, M...

Jamal, Yousuf

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

295

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Microalgal Biodiesel – A CA-GREET Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Microalgal Biodiesel – A CA-GREET Model ... A life cycle assessment (LCA) focused on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the production of microalgal biodiesel was carried out based on a detailed engineering and economic analysis. ... Based on detailed mass and energy balances, calculated GHG emissions from this algal biodiesel system are 70% lower than those of conventional diesel fuel, meeting the minimum 50% GHG reduction requirements under the EPA RFS2 and 60% for the European Union Renewable Energy Directive. ...

Ian C. Woertz; John R. Benemann; Niu Du; Stefan Unnasch; Dominick Mendola; B. Greg Mitchell; Tryg J. Lundquist

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

296

Renewable Energy Products LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Products, LLC Place: Santa Fe Springs, California Zip: 90670 Product: Own and operate a biodiesel production facility in California. References: Renewable Energy...

297

Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Production Workers Screening Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Production Workers Screening Production Workers Screening Projects Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health Protection Program Covered DOE Site: Paducah Worker Population Served: Production Workers Principal Investigator: Jim Frederick Co-Principal Investigator: Steven Markowitz, MD Toll-free Telephone: (888) 241-1199 Local Outreach Office: James Harbison 2525 Cairo Road Paducah, KY 42001 Website: http://www.worker-health.org/ This project is conducted by the United Steelworkers in conjunction with Queens College of the City University of New York. The program is being offered as a service to both former and current workers. Free of charge, eligible workers can receive a medical exam, including chest X-ray and breathing test, and an educational workshop. This program also offers CT

298

Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani in greenhouse bedding plant production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Comm!ttee) (Robert E. Pettit) (Member) (David id. Reed) (Member) "7~+ (Grant Yest) (Head of. Depart tment) Deceriber 1983 ABSTRACT Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani in greenhouse bedding plant production. IDecember 1983) John... iviichael Brown B. S, East Texas State University. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr . A . E . Nightingale . Isolates of Trichoderma harzianum, T. hamatum, and Gliocladium spp. capable of inhibiting the growth of Rhizoctonia solani, which may cause...

Brown, John Michael

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Production of Hydrogen and Syngas via Steam Gasification of Glycerol in a Fixed-Bed Reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glycerol is one of the by-products of transesterification of fatty acids to produce bio-diesel. Increased production of bio-diesel would lead to increased production of glycerol in Canadian market. Therefore, the...

T. Valliyappan; D. Ferdous; N. N. Bakhshi; A. K. Dalai

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO{sub 2} production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Detailed chemical kinetic oxidation mechanism for a biodiesel surrogate  

SciTech Connect

A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of methyl decanoate, a surrogate for biodiesel fuels. This model has been built by following the rules established by Curran et al. for the oxidation of n-heptane and it includes all the reactions known to be pertinent to both low and high temperatures. Computed results have been compared with methyl decanoate experiments in an engine and oxidation of rapeseed oil methyl esters in a jet stirred reactor. An important feature of this mechanism is its ability to reproduce the early formation of carbon dioxide that is unique to biofuels and due to the presence of the ester group in the reactant. The model also predicts ignition delay times and OH profiles very close to observed values in shock tube experiments fueled by n-decane. These model capabilities indicate that large n-alkanes can be good surrogates for large methyl esters and biodiesel fuels to predict overall reactivity, but some kinetic details, including early CO2 production from biodiesel fuels, can be predicted only by a detailed kinetic mechanism for a true methyl ester fuel. The present methyl decanoate mechanism provides a realistic kinetic tool for simulation of biodiesel fuels.

Herbinet, O; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

303

Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC Blue Sun Biodiesel LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Blue Sun Energy, Inc. Name Blue Sun Energy, Inc. Address 14143 Denver West Parkway Place Golden, Colorado Zip 80401 Sector Biofuels Product Biofuels marketer and distributor Year founded 2001 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number 303-865-7700 Website http://www.gobluesun.com/ Coordinates 39.7438336°, -105.1614242° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7438336,"lon":-105.1614242,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

304

Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and even oils produced from algae, fungi, bacteria, molds, and yeast.3 While biodiesel (B100) can be used1 8/18/2014 Alternative Fuel Tool Kit How to Implement: Biodiesel Contents Introduction to Biodiesel

305

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Credit Licensed biodiesel blenders are eligible for a tax credit for special fuel, including diesel, blended with biodiesel to create a biodiesel blend. The

306

Comparative life cycle assessment of biodiesel from algae and jatropha: A case study of India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Algae and jatropha, two types of promising and unconventional biomass, are investigated in this study for large-scale production of biodiesel. The aim is to evaluate the potential advantages and the magnitude of closeness of life cycle balances between these two biodiesel pathways compared to fossil diesel, by taking into account possible uncertainties. The geographical location of this study is India with a prospect of utilizing available wastelands in southern regions. The results indicate that the environmental performance of algal biodiesel is comparable to that of jatropha biodiesel. Both show significant GHG emission and fossil energy depletion reductions which are in the range of 36–40 and 10–25% respectively compared to fossil diesel in the studied geographic context.

Atta Ajayebi; Edgard Gnansounou; Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Assessment of fuel efficiency of neem biodiesel (Azadirachta indica) in a single cylinder diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increase of petroleum diesel usage and its environmental pollution necessitate the study of alternate fuel production. Vegetable oils are the viable alternate form of non-polluted, renewable fuel to diesel engines. In this work, the non-edible oil, neem (Azadirachta indica) was used to produce biodiesel by a two step transesterification process. The fuel properties of the biodiesel thus produced were determined by standard methods. It is further tested in a single cylinder diesel engine by mixing with petroleum diesel in various percentages. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) and specific fuel consumption (SFC) of the engine running with biodiesel blends (10-50%) were compared with the petroleum diesel. The results have shown that the performance of the diesel engine was similar as that of normal diesel and thus the use of biodiesel in diesel engine is viable.

M. Mathiyazhagan; T. Elango; T. Senthilkumar; A. Ganapathi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Biodiesel properties and automotive system compatibility issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Acceptability of biodiesel by automotive sector is limited due to some of its adverse properties such as cold flow properties, oxidation stability and corrosiveness with automotive fuel system materials. Adverse cold flow properties of biodiesel lead to the problem of plugging and gumming of filters and injectors. There is a concern about the poor oxidation stability of biodiesel, which results in the formation of sediments and gums causing problem in the engine fuel injection system. Biodiesel reacts with automotive fuel system materials adversely resulting in corrosion of metals and degradation of elastomers. Beside these adverse issues, biodiesel possesses incredible inherent lubricity. This article aims to review the adverse biodiesel properties like cold flow properties, oxidation stability; corrosive and acidic nature resulting in non-compatibility with automotive fuel system materials. It also discusses the excellent lubrication behaviour of biodiesel and its positive impact. An effort has been made to present the review of 145 research papers along with the sharing of our some in-house experimental results. Additive treatment with biodiesel has been found to be suitable for improving the low temperature properties and oxidation stability. Certain metallic and elastomeric components have been reported as compatible/non-compatible with biodiesel. Although attempts have already been made by some researchers on the adverse properties of biodiesel but the scope is rather limited to the properties alone than correlating the same with automotive materials compatibility.

Kamalesh A. Sorate; Purnanand V. Bhale

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Upcoming Events Upcoming Biodiesel Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 29, 2010 Coronada Rockford, IL www.ibed2010.com/ Bioenergy Markets Turkey Green Power Conferences.eng.iastate.edu/ Biodiesel Congress F.O. Lichts September 22-24, 2010 Mercure Grant Hotel Sao Paulo, Brazil www.agra-net.com/content/agra/ips/pdf/Marketing www.opisnet.com/fleetfueling/index.html International Bioenergy Days NIU and Rockford, IL September 26

310

Evaluating the use of EN 14078 for determination of biodiesel in diesel blends sold in the Brazilian market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In Brazil, the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) is a regulatory agency responsible for monitoring the distribution and sale of fuels. After the introduction of biodiesel in Brazil, problems began to emerge as well as questions regarding the quality of diesel fuel in the country. One of the problems is related to the determination of biodiesel content in the diesel available in fuel stations. This work shows that biodiesel prepared from different feedstock during storage suffers oxidative degradation leading to different oxygenated compounds. The presence of these biodiesel oxidation products affects the accuracy of the result provided by the standard method EN 14078 in relation to the content of biodiesel in diesel. The result showed determination errors of almost 100%. Indeed, a B5 blend after accelerated oxidation was determined using EN 14078 as B10. Another problem observed using EN 14078 was that in countries like Brazil, where different oleaginous or alcohol are used to produce biodiesel, it is mandatory to calibrate the method with the same biodiesel present in diesel blends. Indeed, it was observed important changes in the position of the stretching related to the ester carboxyl group according to the raw materials used to prepare the biofuel, leading to significant errors in the biodiesel content determination.

David M.M. Pinho; Vianey O. Santos Jr.; Vitor M.L. dos Santos; Maria C.S. Oliveira; Monica T. da Silva; Patrícia G.T. Piza; Angelo C. Pinto; Michelle J.C. Rezende; Paulo A.Z. Suarez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1,127 971 1,334 1970's 1,270 1,217 1,058 878 679 567 520 367 485 1,146 1980's 553 830 831 633 618 458 463 437 811 380 1990's 445 511 416 395 425 377 340 300 495 5,462 2000's 11,377 15,454 16,477 11,430 13,697 14,308 14,662 13,097 10,846 18,354 2010's 18,405 11,221 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

312

Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,499 3,667 3,475 1970's 3,235 2,563 1,197 1,118 952 899 823 674 883 1,308 1980's 1,351 1,327 1,287 1,258 1,200 1,141 1,318 1,275 1,061 849 1990's 800 290 413 507 553 488 479 554 451 431 2000's 377 408 395 320 254 231 212 162 139 168 2010's 213 268 424 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

313

Importance of algae oil as a source of biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Algae are the fastest-growing plants in the world. Industrial reactors for algal culture are open ponds, photobioreactors and closed systems. Algae are very important as a biomass source. Algae will some day be competitive as a source for biofuel. Different species of algae may be better suited for different types of fuel. Algae can be grown almost anywhere, even on sewage or salt water, and does not require fertile land or food crops, and processing requires less energy than the algae provides. Algae can be a replacement for oil based fuels, one that is more effective and has no disadvantages. Algae are among the fastest-growing plants in the world, and about 50% of their weight is oil. This lipid oil can be used to make biodiesel for cars, trucks, and airplanes. Microalgae have much faster growth-rates than terrestrial crops. the per unit area yield of oil from algae is estimated to be from 20,000 to 80,000 l per acre, per year; this is 7–31 times greater than the next best crop, palm oil. The lipid and fatty acid contents of microalgae vary in accordance with culture conditions. Most current research on oil extraction is focused on microalgae to produce biodiesel from algal oil. Algal-oil processes into biodiesel as easily as oil derived from land-based crops.

Ayhan Demirbas; M. Fatih Demirbas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Biodiesel and Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Improving Biodiesel and Other Fuels' Quality on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines

315

Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method Evaluation of Biodiesel Fuels from Supercritical Fluid Processing with the Advanced...

316

Effect of Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions Effect of Biodiesel Blends on NOx Emissions Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007)....

317

Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biofuel Market Biodiesel and the Advanced Biofuel Market The Success of Advanced Biofuels Anne Steckel, Vice President of Federal Affairs, National Biodiesel Board...

318

Biodiesel Effects on Diesel Particle Filter Performance: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect

Research results on the performance of biodiesel and biodiesel blends with ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) and a diesel particle filter (DPF).

Williams, A.; McCormick, R. L.; Hayes, R.; Ireland, J.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

320

Consequential LCA of two alternative systems for biodiesel consumption in Spain, considering uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study assesses possible biodiesel pathways for the Spanish transport sector, representing the current situation. Life Cycle Assessment was carried out for two scenarios: Scenario 1, where 1 MJ of soybean biodiesel was imported from Argentina, and Scenario 2, where 1 MJ of biodiesel from used cooking oil (UCO) was manufactured in Spain. System expansion was performed to include the marginal products involved and additional functions were considered under a consequential approach. Scenario 1 included the production of palm oil in Malaysia (+25.27 g), as the marginal supplier in the global market. This also implied a decrease in the production of soybean meal in Brazil (?3.44 g). In Scenario 2, interactions in the global oil market led to changes in the opposite direction: the production of palm oil decreases in Malaysia (?26.31 g), whereas the production of soybean meal increases in Brazil (+3.58 g). Without considering emissions from Land Use Change (LUC), UCO biodiesel produced in Spain performed better than imported biodiesel from Argentina in all the analyzed impact categories but Global Warming (GW), which was 138.9% lower in Scenario 1, mainly due to the carbon uptake by soybeans in Argentina and palm trees in Malaysia. Since these results could be misleading, GHG emissions from LUC in each country were included. Indirect functions of the expanded systems appeared to have a great contribution in the overall GW impact, especially in Scenario 2. Results show that there are clear environmental benefits arising from the use of UCO biodiesel in Spain to meet the European targets, as compared to the use of imported soybean biodiesel from Argentina. The Monte Carlo simulation for both scenarios also reinforces confidence in the comparative assessment.

Neus Escobar; Javier Ribal; Gabriela Clemente; Neus Sanjuán

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Global Biodiesel Market Trends,Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and OpportunitiesOutlook and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption.accounting for 75% of biodiesel consumption. Growing imports of soybean oil and SME biodiesel fromGrowing imports of soybean oil and SME biodiesel from Americas, and palm oil/PME from Asia are blending inAmericas.75% by 2010 Proposals: 10% by 2020 (EU Revision)Proposals: 10% by 2020 (EU Revision) EU Biofuels Markets

322

Effects of Triacetin on Biodiesel Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We therefore measured properties, such as the density, kinematic viscosity, cloud point, pour point, cold filter plugging point, dynamic viscosity, cetane number, heating value, distillation curve, and flash point, for mixtures of triacetin and biodiesel composed of various amounts of triacetin of up to 20 wt % and different biodiesels (palm, soybean, sunflower, high-oleic sunflower, and rapeseed). ... To test the effects of triacetin on the viscosity of mixtures of triacetin and biodiesels, the kinematic viscosity of mixtures of triacetin with several types of biodiesel was measured. ... As shown in the figure, CP decreases significantly (by approximately 4 °C for 20 wt % of triacetin) when the CP of the pure biodiesel being measured is above or below the freezing point of triacetin, i.e., for palm (16 °C) and rapeseed (?3 °C) biodiesels. ...

Abraham Casas; José Ramón Ruiz; María Jesús Ramos; Ángel Pérez

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Prediction of Cloud Points of Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prediction of Cloud Points of Biodiesel† ... Despite the lack of accurate data for the cloud points of biodiesel, the results obtained here allow for an adequate evaluation of the model proposed, showing that it can produce good predictions of the cloud points of mixtures of fatty acid esters. ... Because of its environmental benefits, resulting from a decrease in CO2 emissions, its origin from renewable resources, and the increase in crude oil costs, biodiesel is become increasingly attractive. ...

J. C. A. Lopes; L. Boros; M. A. Krähenbühl; A. J. A. Meirelles; J. L. Daridon; J. Pauly; I. M. Marrucho; J. A. P. Coutinho

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

324

Survey of the Quality and Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends in the United States in 2004  

SciTech Connect

Reports results gathered in 2004 from quality and stability surveys in the United States of biodiesel (B100) and 20% biodiesel (B20) in petroleum diesel.

McCormick, R. L.; Alleman, T. L.; Ratcliffe, M.; Moens, L.; Lawrence, R.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 115,177 140,290 179,117 1970's 193,209 195,072 197,967 206,833 194,329 189,541 172,584 166,392 161,511 165,515 1980's 142,171 142,423 128,858 124,193 132,501 117,736 115,604 124,890 120,092 121,425 1990's 119,405 129,154 132,656 130,336 128,583 146,048 139,841 150,008 144,609 164,794 2000's 164,908 152,862 152,724 124,955 133,434 103,381 105,236 110,745 94,785 95,359 2010's 102,448 95,630 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

326

Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,351 3,244 2,705 1970's 2,330 2,013 1,912 1,581 1,921 2,879 6,665 11,494 14,641 15,686 1980's 15,933 14,540 14,182 13,537 12,829 11,129 11,644 10,876 10,483 9,886 1990's 8,317 8,103 8,093 7,012 6,371 6,328 6,399 6,147 5,938 5,945 2000's 5,322 4,502 4,230 3,838 4,199 3,708 3,277 3,094 3,921 2,334 2010's 2,943 2,465 2,480 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013

327

California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 34,803 32,639 30,334 1970's 29,901 27,585 24,156 17,498 17,201 15,221 14,125 13,567 13,288 10,720 1980's 8,583 7,278 14,113 14,943 15,442 16,973 16,203 15,002 14,892 13,376 1990's 12,424 11,786 12,385 12,053 11,250 11,509 12,169 11,600 10,242 10,762 2000's 11,063 11,060 12,982 13,971 14,061 13,748 14,056 13,521 13,972 13,722 2010's 13,244 12,095 12,755 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

328

Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 11,500 8,573 8,579 1970's 6,574 6,133 6,063 5,441 5,557 5,454 5,231 4,764 6,192 3,923 1980's 6,845 5,638 6,854 6,213 6,516 6,334 4,466 2,003 2,142 1,444 1990's 1,899 2,181 2,342 2,252 2,024 2,303 2,385 2,404 2,263 2,287 2000's 1,416 1,558 1,836 1,463 2,413 1,716 2,252 1,957 2,401 3,270 2010's 4,576 4,684 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

329

New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 46,149 48,635 50,484 1970's 52,647 53,810 54,157 55,782 54,986 56,109 61,778 72,484 77,653 62,107 1980's 59,457 60,544 56,857 56,304 58,580 53,953 51,295 65,156 63,355 61,594 1990's 66,626 70,463 75,520 83,193 86,607 85,668 108,341 109,046 106,665 107,850 2000's 110,411 108,958 110,036 111,292 105,412 101,064 99,971 96,250 92,579 94,840 2010's 91,963 90,291 84,562 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

330

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 4,126 4,546 4,058 1970's 3,405 4,152 4,114 4,674 6,210 9,620 11,944 13,507 13,094 12,606 1980's 12,651 13,427 12,962 11,314 10,771 11,913 10,441 10,195 11,589 13,340 1990's 13,178 15,822 18,149 18,658 19,612 25,225 23,362 28,851 24,365 26,423 2000's 29,105 29,195 31,952 33,650 35,821 34,782 36,317 38,180 53,590 67,607 2010's 82,637 90,801 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

331

Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 236 1970's 225 281 243 199 501 694 661 933 1,967 4,845 1980's 4,371 4,484 4,727 4,709 5,123 5,236 4,836 4,887 4,774 5,022 1990's 4,939 4,997 5,490 5,589 5,647 5,273 5,361 4,637 4,263 18,079 2000's 24,086 13,754 14,826 11,293 15,133 13,759 21,065 19,831 17,222 17,232 2010's 19,059 17,271 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages:

332

North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 5,150 5,428 4,707 1970's 4,490 3,592 3,199 2,969 2,571 2,404 2,421 2,257 2,394 2,986 1980's 3,677 5,008 5,602 7,171 7,860 8,420 6,956 7,859 6,945 6,133 1990's 6,444 6,342 6,055 5,924 5,671 5,327 4,937 5,076 5,481 5,804 2000's 6,021 6,168 5,996 5,818 6,233 6,858 7,254 7,438 7,878 10,140 2010's 11,381 14,182 26,156 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014

333

Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 433,684 457,117 447,325 1970's 466,016 448,288 470,105 466,143 448,993 435,571 428,635 421,110 393,819 352,650 1980's 350,312 345,262 356,406 375,849 393,873 383,719 384,693 364,477 357,756 343,233 1990's 342,186 353,737 374,126 385,063 381,020 381,712 398,442 391,174 388,011 372,566 2000's 380,535 355,860 360,535 332,405 360,110 355,589 373,350 387,349 401,503 424,042 2010's 433,622 481,308 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

334

List of Biodiesel Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Biodiesel Incentives List of Biodiesel Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 74 Biodiesel Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 74) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Steam-system upgrades Water Heaters Windows Biodiesel Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Ethanol Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Photovoltaics Renewable Fuels Solar Water Heat Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Natural Gas Yes Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption (Idaho) Corporate Exemption Idaho Ethanol

335

Biodiesel ASTM Update and Future Technical Needs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Latest ASTM fuel specifications on biodiesel blends are summarized as well as future needs for improved fuel quality, process quality controls, and new performance testing procedures.

336

Engineered Biosynthesis of Alternative Biodiesel Fuel - Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomass and Biofuels Find More Like This Return to Search Engineered Biosynthesis of Alternative Biodiesel Fuel Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This...

337

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Tax Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Tax Exemption Biodiesel blends of at least 20% (B20) that are used for personal, noncommercial use by the individual that produced the biodiesel portion of

338

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes the examination of the feedstocks for the beneficiation plant. The ash, as produced by the plant, and that stored in the lower pond were examined. A mobile demonstration unit has been designed and constructed for field demonstration. The demonstration unit was hauled to the test site on trailers that were place on a test pad located adjacent to the ash pond and re-assembled. The continuous test unit will be operated at the Ghent site and will evaluate three processing configurations while producing sufficient products to facilitate thorough product testing. The test unit incorporates all of the unit processes that will be used in the commercial design and is self sufficient with respect to water, electricity and processing capabilities. Representative feed ash for the operation of the filed testing unit was excavated from a location within the lower ash pond determined from coring activities. Approximately 150 tons of ash was excavated and pre-screened to remove +3/8 inch material that could cause plugging problems during operation of the demonstration unit.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Hydrogen Production from the Next Generation Nuclear Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) is a high temperature gas-cooled reactor that will be capable of producing hydrogen, electricity and/or high temperature process heat for industrial use. The project has initiated the conceptual design phase and when completed will demonstrate the viability of hydrogen generation using nuclear produced process heat. This paper explains how industry and the U.S. Government are cooperating to advance nuclear hydrogen technology. It also describes the issues being explored and the results of recent R&D including materials development and testing, thermal-fluids research, and systems analysis. The paper also describes the hydrogen production technologies being considered (including various thermochemical processes and high-temperature electrolysis).

M. Patterson; C. Park

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes the examination of the feedstocks for the beneficiation plant. The ash, as produced by the plant, and that stored in the lower pond were examined. Filter media candidates were evaluated for dewatering the ultrafine ash (UFA) product. Media candidates were selected based on manufacturer recommendations and evaluated using standard batch filtration techniques. A final media was selected; 901F, a multifilament polypropylene. While this media would provide adequate solids capture and cake moisture, the use of flocculants would be necessary to enable adequate filter throughput. Several flocculant chemistries were also evaluated and it was determined that polyethylene oxide (PEO) at a dosage of 5 ppm (slurry basis) would be the most suitable in terms of both settling rate and clarity. PEO was evaluated on a continuous vacuum filter using 901F media. The optimum cycle time was found to be 1.25 minutes which provided a 305% moisture cake, 85% solids capture with a throughput of 115 lbs dry solids per hour and a dry cake rate of 25 lb/ft2/hr. Increasing cycle time not did not reduce cake moisture or increase throughput. A mobile demonstration unit has been designed and constructed for field demonstration. The continuous test unit will be operated at the Ghent site and will evaluate three processing configurations while producing sufficient products to facilitate thorough product testing. The test unit incorporates all of the unit processes that will be used in the commercial design and is self sufficient with respect to water, electricity and processing capabilities.

John Groppo; Thomas Robl

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Plants with modified lignin content and methods for production thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides methods for decreasing lignin content and for increasing the level of fermentable carbohydrates in plants by down-regulation of the NST transcription factor. Nucleic acid constructs for down-regulation of NST are described. Transgenic plants are provided that comprise reduced lignin content. Plants described herein may be used, for example, as improved biofuel feedstock and as highly digestible forage crops. Methods for processing plant tissue and for producing ethanol by utilizing such plants are also provided.

Zhao, Qiao; Chen, Fang; Dixon, Richard A.

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

342

Performance evaluation of artificial neural network coupled with generic algorithm and response surface methodology in modeling and optimization of biodiesel production process parameters from shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) nut butter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work investigated the potential of shea butter oil (SBO) as feedstock for synthesis of biodiesel. Due to high free fatty acid (FFA) of SBO used, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to model and optimize the pretreatment step while its conversion to biodiesel was modeled and optimized using RSM and artificial neural network (ANN). The acid value of the SBO was reduced to 1.19 mg KOH/g with oil/methanol molar ratio of 3.3, H2SO4 of 0.15 v/v, time of 60 min and temperature of 45 °C. Optimum values predicted for the transesterification reaction by RSM were temperature of 90 °C, KOH of 0.6 w/v, oil/methanol molar ratio of 3.5, and time of 30 min with actual shea butter oil biodiesel (SBOB) yield of 99.65% (w/w). ANN combined with generic algorithm gave the optimal condition as temperature of 82 °C, KOH of 0.40 w/v, oil/methanol molar ratio of 2.62 and time of 30 min with actual SBOB yield of 99.94% (w/w). Coefficient of determination (R2) and absolute average deviation (AAD) of the models were 0.9923, 0.83% (RSM) and 0.9991, 0.15% (ANN), which demonstrated that ANN model was more efficient than RSM model. Properties of SBOB produced were within biodiesel standard specifications.

Eriola Betiku; Samuel S. Okunsolawo; Sheriff O. Ajala; Olatunde S. Odedele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blend Blend Purchase Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Purchase Requirement Diesel fuel that the New Hampshire Department of Transportation

344

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives

345

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Partnerships Spark Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Partnerships Spark Biodiesel Success for Essential Baking Company on

346

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions,  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Definitions, Registration, and Labeling Requirements on Digg

347

Complete Utilization of Spent Coffee Grounds To Produce Biodiesel, Bio-Oil, and Biochar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(25) Ten sorghum–sudangrass seeds were planted in 1500 mL containers using 750 g of organic top soil obtained from Peat Corp and 750 g of vermiculite obtained from Sun Gro Horticulture. ... During growth, external lighting was not used, and watering was scheduled twice per week. ... and are discussed in light of biodiesel stds. ...

Derek R. Vardon; Bryan R. Moser; Wei Zheng; Katie Witkin; Roque L. Evangelista; Timothy J. Strathmann; Kishore Rajagopalan; Brajendra K. Sharma

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

348

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Storage Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Storage Grants The Alabama Biodiesel Incentive Program, administered by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) Energy Division,

349

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specification to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specification on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specification Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

350

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Producer Tax Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Producer Tax Refund A biodiesel producer may apply for a refund of Iowa state sales or use taxes paid on purchases. To qualify, the producer must be registered with

351

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

State Fleet Biodiesel State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Fleet Biodiesel Fuel Use The Missouri Biodiesel Fuel Revolving Fund uses the money generated by the sale of Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) credits to cover the incremental

352

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Definition Biodiesel Definition and Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Definition and Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Definition and Specifications Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised only of mono-alkyl esters

353

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Biodiesel » Laws & Incentives Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives

354

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Green Diesel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of

355

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Tax Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Tax Exemption An individual that produces biodiesel for personal use or use by a member of his or her immediate family is exempt from the state fuel excise tax.

356

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Quality Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Quality Testing Procedures Each biodiesel or other renewable diesel producer, distributor, or importer

357

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

358

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Renewable Fuel Definitions Biodiesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester

359

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Use in Biodiesel Use in School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Use in School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Use in School Buses The South Carolina Department of Education must fuel state school bus fleets with biodiesel when feasible. (Reference South Carolina Code of Laws

360

Biodiesel Research Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

r V e g e t a b l e O i l s Animal Fats Greases New Animal Fats New Veg etab le Oil Corn Oil (from ethanol production) Mustard and other new oilseed crops Existing Feedstock...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The addition of a calender machine to a pyrolytic graphite sheet production plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis documents the process and challenges of adding a new calender machine to AvCarb Material Solutions' pyrolytic graphite production plant. Before the machine could be used for mass production, several experiments ...

Svenson, Ernest Knute

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A Continuous Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Plant Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

powered by solar thermal energy for hydrogen production. TheHydrogen Production by Concentrated Solar Energy,” Energy,for hydrogen production driven by solar thermal energy is a

Luc, Wesley Wai

363

Characterisation of radioactive waste products associated with plant decommissioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the results integrated over selected...deposited on the system and equipment...operating plant data and...residual waste activities...coolant pH controls. Shut-down...Surface treatments (e.g...Component-system decontamination...varies from plant to plant...radioactive waste due to activation...internals and control rod drive......

J. Sejvar; A. H. Fero; C. Gil; R. J. Hagler; J. L. Santiago; A. Holgado; R. Swenson

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

364

Utility of Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Production D.M. Dodds, Mississippi State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility of Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Production Authors D.M. Dodds, Mississippi State State University, formerly Louisiana State University R.L. Nichols, Cotton Incorporated Plant Growth Regulation in Cotton Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are commonly used to manage vegetative growth in cotton

Behmer, Spencer T.

365

Productivity change of coal-fired thermal power plants in India: a Malmquist index approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......productivity. Keywords: coal-fired power plants...infrastructure for the socio- economic development of a...Manufacturing industry, Economic and Political Weekly...Performance analysis of coal fired power plants...PRODUCTIVITY CHANGE OF COAL-FIRED THERMAL POWER...Asia Pacific Annual Economic Association (APEA......

S. K. Behera; J. A. Farooquie; A. P. Dash

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Process design and evaluation of value-added chemicals production from biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three different biodiesel production processes were simulated using the SuperPro Designer program. The process for producing biodiesel from soybean oil and methanol was designed using commercial chemical catal...

A. -Ra Go; Jae Wook Ko; Sang Jun Lee…

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

ADVANCED MULTI-PRODUCT COAL UTILIZATION BY-PRODUCT PROCESSING PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes the examination of the feedstocks for the beneficiation plant. The ash, as produced by the plant, and that stored in the lower pond were examined. The ash produced by the plant was found to be highly variable as the plant consumes high and low sulfur bituminous coal, in Units 1 and 2 and a mixture of subbituminous and bituminous coal in Units 3 and 4. The ash produced reflected this consisting of an iron-rich ({approx}24%, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}), aluminum rich ({approx}29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) and high calcium (6%-7%, CaO) ash, respectively. The LOI of the ash typically was in the range of 5.5% to 6.5%, but individual samples ranged from 1% to almost 9%. The lower pond at Ghent is a substantial body, covering more than 100 acres, with a volume that exceeds 200 million cubic feet. The sedimentation, stratigraphy and resource assessment of the in place ash was investigated with vibracoring and three-dimensional, computer-modeling techniques. Thirteen cores to depths reaching nearly 40 feet, were retrieved, logged in the field and transported to the lab for a series of analyses for particle size, loss on ignition, petrography, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray fluorescence. Collected data were processed using ArcViewGIS, Rockware, and Microsoft Excel to create three-dimensional, layered iso-grade maps, as well as stratigraphic columns and profiles, and reserve estimations. The ash in the pond was projected to exceed 7 million tons and contain over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon, and 1.8 million tons of fine (<10 {micro}m) glassy pozzolanic material. The size, quality and consistency of the ponded material suggests that it is the better feedstock for the beneficiation plant.

Robert Jewell; Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Techno-economic optimization of plant for raw ethanol production based on experimental data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper concerns techno-economic optimization of the production process of raw ethanol in a continuous distillation column as a part of the plant for production of rectified alcohol. Optimization was performed in order to determine the optimal ethanol concentration in the residue, which provides the minimum total production costs of existing plant. Total production costs are determined on the basis of experimental data, investment and operating costs and the estimated working life of the plant. It was found that ethanol concentration in the residue is significantly higher than values that can be found in the open literature.

Branislav M. Ja?imovi?; Srbislav B. Geni?; Nikola J. Budimir; Marko S. Jari?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Empirical Study of the Stability of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends: Milestone Report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work was to develop a database that supports specific proposals for a stability test and specification for biodiesel and biodiesel blends. B100 samples from 19 biodiesel producers were obtained in December of 2005 and January of 2006 and tested for stability. Eight of these samples were then selected for additional study, including long-term storage tests and blending at 5% and 20% with a number of ultra-low sulfur diesel fuels.

McCormick, R. L.; Westbrook, S. R.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Continuous Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Plant Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11]. One method for hydrogen production is a water-splittingof various methods of hydrogen production, the Department ofOne method of reducing the cost of hydrogen production is to

Luc, Wesley Wai

371

OpenEI - biodiesel  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary World Biofuels Summary World Biofuels Energy Data (from World on the Edge) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/463 This dataset presents summary information related to world biofuels production. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R.

License
372

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alabama Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alabama laws and incentives

373

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Truck Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree on AddThis.com... Dec. 31, 2009 Biodiesel Truck Transports Capitol Christmas Tree F ollow the Capitol Christmas Tree from Arizona to Washington, D.C., aboard

374

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit A biodiesel blender located in Indiana may receive a credit of $0.02 per gallon of blended biodiesel produced at a facility located in Indiana. The

375

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Texas laws and incentives related

376

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Alaska laws and incentives related

377

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Michigan Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Michigan laws and incentives

378

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Federal laws and incentives

379

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Maine laws and incentives related

380

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oregon laws and incentives related

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Montana laws and incentives

382

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Idaho laws and incentives related

383

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Use Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Use Requirement Any diesel-powered vehicle the state, county or local government, school district, community college, public college or university, or mass transit

384

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kansas laws and incentives related

385

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Illinois laws and incentives

386

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Distribution Mandate All state-owned diesel fueling facilities must provide fuel containing at

387

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Colorado laws and incentives

388

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Station Locations to someone by E-mail Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Station Locations Find biodiesel (B20 and above) fueling stations near an address or ZIP code

389

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Kentucky laws and incentives

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Iowa laws and incentives related

391

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Feedstock Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Feedstock Tax Exemption Waste vegetable oil, specifically cooking oil gathered from restaurants or

392

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Virginia laws and incentives

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Equipment Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Equipment and Fuel Tax Exemption

394

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Oklahoma laws and incentives

395

Biodiesel Basics (Fact Sheet), Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

is a domestically produced, is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be manufac- tured from new and used vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled restaurant grease. Biodiesel's physical properties are similar to those of petroleum diesel, but it is a cleaner-burning alternative. Using biodiesel in place of petroleum diesel significantly reduces emissions of toxic air pollutants. What is a biodiesel blend? Biodiesel can be blended and used in many different concentrations, includ- ing B100 (pure biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel), B5 (5% biodiesel, 95% petroleum diesel), and B2 (2% biodiesel, 98% petroleum diesel). B20 is a common biodiesel blend in the United States. Can I use B20 in my vehicle's diesel engine? For vehicles manufactured after 1993,

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Indiana laws and incentives

397

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nebraska laws and incentives

398

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Louisiana laws and incentives

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Washington Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Washington laws and incentives

400

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Minnesota laws and incentives

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Wisconsin laws and incentives

402

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Nevada laws and incentives related

403

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Georgia Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Georgia laws and incentives

404

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Missouri laws and incentives

405

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Florida laws and incentives

406

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arizona laws and incentives

407

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alabama City Leads Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol on AddThis.com... July 21, 2012 Alabama City Leads With Biodiesel and Ethanol L earn how the City of Hoover uses biodiesel and ethanol to fuel municipal

408

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blending Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Facility Tax Credit A tax credit is available for up to 30% of the cost of purchasing or

409

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuels Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama on AddThis.com... May 1, 2012 Biodiesel Fuels Education in Alabama " As Alabama native Helen Keller once said, 'No one has the right to consume happiness without producing it.' The same can be said of

410

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type California Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all California laws and incentives

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arkansas Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Arkansas laws and incentives

412

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel The list below contains summaries of all Vermont laws and incentives

413

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is to design, construct, and operate an ash beneficiation facility that will generate several products from coal combustion ash stored in a utility ash pond. The site selected is LG&E's Ghent Station located in Carroll County, Kentucky. The specific site under consideration is the lower ash pond at Ghent, a closed landfill encompassing over 100 acres. Coring activities revealed that the pond contains over 7 million tons of ash, including over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon and 1.8 million tons of fine (<10 {micro}m) glassy pozzolanic material. These potential products are primarily concentrated in the lower end of the pond adjacent to the outlet. A representative bulk sample was excavated for conducting laboratory-scale process testing while a composite 150 ton sample was also excavated for demonstration-scale testing at the Ghent site. A mobile demonstration plant with a design feed rate of 2.5 tph was constructed and hauled to the Ghent site to evaluate unit processes (i.e. primary classification, froth flotation, spiral concentration, secondary classification, etc.) on a continuous basis to determine appropriate scale-up data. Unit processes were configured into four different flowsheets and operated at a feed rate of 2.5 tph to verify continuous operating performance and generate bulk (1 to 2 tons) products for product testing. Cementitious products were evaluated for performance in mortar and concrete as well as cement manufacture process addition. All relevant data from the four flowsheets was compiled to compare product yields and quality while preliminary flowsheet designs were generated to determine throughputs, equipment size specifications and capital cost summaries. A detailed market study was completed to evaluate the potential markets for cementitious products. Results of the study revealed that the Ghent local fly ash market is currently oversupplied by more than 500,000 tpy and distant markets (i.e. Florida) are oversupplied as well. While the total US demand for ultrafine pozzolan is currently equal to demand, there is no reason to expect a significant increase in demand. Despite the technical merits identified in the pilot plant work with regard to beneficiating the entire pond ash stream, market developments in the Ohio River Valley area during 2006-2007 were not conducive to demonstrating the project at the scale proposed in the Cooperative Agreement. As a result, Cemex withdrew from the project in 2006 citing unfavorable local market conditions in the foreseeable future at the demonstration site. During the Budget Period 1 extensions provided by the DOE, CAER has contacted several other companies, including cement producers and ash marketing concerns for private cost share. Based on the prevailing demand-supply situation, these companies had expressed interest only in limited product lines, rather than the entire ash beneficiation product stream. Although CAER had generated interest in the technology, a financial commitment to proceed to Budget Period 2 could not be obtained from private companies. Furthermore, the prospects of any decisions being reached within a reasonable time frame were dim. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007. The activities presented in this report were carried out during the Cooperative Agreement period 08 November 2004 through 31 March 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

Production Of Cellulase In Plastids Of Transgenic Plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A genetic construct encoding a fusion protein including endogluconase E1 and a transit peptide is used to transform plants. The plants produce cellulase by expressing the genetic construct. The cellulase is targeted to plastids and can be collected and purified.

Lamppa, Gayle (Chicago, IL)

2002-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

415

Pu-238 production at the Savannah River Plant  

SciTech Connect

Pu-238 production capability at SRP is dependent on the availability of Np-237 feed material. With continuing operation of three production reactors at SRP, production of 46 kg Pu-238 per year can be sustained. Capacity of auxiliary facilities is adequate to support the production rates.

Roggenkamp, P.L.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: December 25, 9: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #449: December 25, 2006 Biodiesel to Conventional Diesel: An Emissions Comparison on Digg

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Distributor Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Distributor License and Recordkeeping Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

418

Northwest Biodiesel Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Biodiesel Network Northwest Biodiesel Network Name Northwest Biodiesel Network Address 6532 Phinney Ave N Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Region Pacific Northwest Area Website http://www.nwbiodiesel.org/ Notes To promote the use and benefits of biodiesel through awareness campaigns, educational programs, and specific initiatives Coordinates 47.677247°, -122.35398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.677247,"lon":-122.35398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

419

Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

+ SCR Retrofit Testing Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing This work retrofitted an in-use engine with urea SCR and measured NOx reductions versus blend levels of ULSD, B20, and B100...

420

Biodiesel Engine Testing MECH-457 Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at UBC has begun producing biodiesel fuel from waste cooking oils acquired from campus kitchens. Using methanol and a base catalyst, glycerol can be separated from the oil, leaving a mixture of methyl esters

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Impairment of O-antigen production confers resistance to grazing in a model amoeba–cyanobacterium predator–prey system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Technologies). 1 Chisti Y ( 2007 ) Biodiesel from microalgae . Biotechnol Adv 25 : 294...biofuels: High-efficiency microalgae for biodiesel production . Bioenergy Res 1 : 20...for growth of unicellular blue-green algae on plates . J Phycol 4 : 1 . 58 Bustos...

Ryan Simkovsky; Emy F. Daniels; Karen Tang; Stacey C. Huynh; Susan S. Golden; Bianca Brahamsha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Engineered Respiro-Fermentative Metabolism for the Production of Biofuels and Biochemicals from Fatty Acid-Rich Feedstocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemical conversion to biodiesel (6), while oleaginous algae and nonedible FA-rich...light for engineered algae: redirecting metabolism...high-efficiency microalgae for biodiesel production. BioEnerg...to run vehicles on algae-based oil. Science...

Clementina Dellomonaco; Carlos Rivera; Paul Campbell; Ramon Gonzalez

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

423

,"Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sin_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sin_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

424

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_ssd_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_ssd_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

425

Biodiesel Coalition of Texas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Name Biodiesel Coalition of Texas Address 100 Congress Avenue Place Austin, Texas Zip 78701 Region Texas Area Website http://www.biodieselcoalitiono Notes Non-profit corporation created by biodiesel pioneers and industry leaders to ensure that biodiesel receives favorable treatment by state regulatory agencies and the Texas Legislature Coordinates 30.264043°, -97.744762° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.264043,"lon":-97.744762,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

426

BIODIESEL BLENDS IN SPACE HEATING EQUIPMENT.  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel is a diesel-like fuel that is derived from processing vegetable oils from various sources, such as soy oil, rapeseed or canola oil, and also waste vegetable oils resulting from cooking use. Brookhaven National laboratory initiated an evaluation of the performance of blends of biodiesel and home heating oil in space heating applications under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This report is a result of this work performed in the laboratory. A number of blends of varying amounts of a biodiesel in home heating fuel were tested in both a residential heating system and a commercial size boiler. The results demonstrate that blends of biodiesel and heating oil can be used with few or no modifications to the equipment or operating practices in space heating. The results also showed that there were environmental benefits from the biodiesel addition in terms of reductions in smoke and in Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). The latter result was particularly surprising and of course welcome, in view of the previous results in diesel engines where no changes had been seen. Residential size combustion equipment is presently not subject to NOx regulation. If reductions in NOx similar to those observed here hold up in larger size (commercial and industrial) boilers, a significant increase in the use of biodiesel-like fuel blends could become possible.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison 1 Biodiesel: Cost and reactant comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a lower cost than buying fuel at a gas station. ii. Alternative hypothesis: Buying fuel at the pump costs less than producing our own biodiesel. iii. Null hypothesis: The price of fuel at gas stations there is no need to alter existing fuel stations. Biodiesel is nontoxic, biodegradable, and less flammable than

428

Product Purchasing & Procurement template | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Product Purchasing & Procurement template Product Purchasing & Procurement template Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

429

Kansas City Plant submits productivity savings under share-in-savings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kansas City Plant submits productivity savings under share-in-savings Kansas City Plant submits productivity savings under share-in-savings program | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Kansas City Plant submits productivity savings under ... Kansas City Plant submits productivity savings under share-in-savings program Posted By Gayle Fisher

430

Efficiency of production of additional condensation power at dual-purpose turbine plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of detailed computations (performed with the use of mathematical models of dual-purpose turbine plants) of the effect of the main operating factors on the energy and economic efficiency of the production ...

E. I. Éfros; N. V. Tatarinova

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Experimental plant for production of synthetic triplex-polymerized ethylene-propylene rubber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental plant with an output of 500 kg/day, which is intended for the formulation of process production regimes, and the running times of experimental ... various grades of synthetic triple-polymerized et...

V. I. Peretyatko; V. P. Pogrebtsov; V. A. Shepelin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Commonwealth Aluminum: Manufacturer Conducts Plant-Wide Energy Assessments at Two Aluminum Sheet Production Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study describes how Commonwealth Industries (now Aleris Rolled Products) conducted plant-wide energy assessments at its aluminum sheet rolling mills in Lewisport, Kentucky, and Uhrichsville, Ohio, to improve process and energy efficiency.

433

Production of biodiesel using expanded gas solvents  

SciTech Connect

A method of producing an alkyl ester. The method comprises providing an alcohol and a triglyceride or fatty acid. An expanding gas is dissolved into the alcohol to form a gas expanded solvent. The alcohol is reacted with the triglyceride or fatty acid in a single phase to produce the alkyl ester. The expanding gas may be a nonpolar expanding gas, such as carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentene, isomers thereof, and mixtures thereof, which is dissolved into the alcohol. The gas expanded solvent may be maintained at a temperature below, at, or above a critical temperature of the expanding gas and at a pressure below, at, or above a critical pressure of the expanding gas.

Ginosar, Daniel M [Idaho Falls, ID; Fox, Robert V [Idaho Falls, ID; Petkovic, Lucia M [Idaho Falls, ID

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Method for production of petroselinic acid and OMEGA12 hexadecanoic acid in transgenic plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a process for producing lipids containing the fatty acid, petroselinic acid, in plants. The production of petroselinic acid is accomplished by genetically transforming plants which do not normally accumulate petroselinic acid with a gene for a {omega}12 desaturase from another species which does normally accumulate petroselinic acid. 19 figs.

Ohlrogge, J.B.; Cahoon, E.B.; Shanklin, J.; Somerville, C.R.

1995-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

435

Method for production of petroselinic acid and OMEGA12 hexadecanoic acid in transgenic plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a process for producing lipids containing the fatty acid petroselinic acid in plants. The production of petroselinic acid is accomplished by genetically transforming plants which do not normally accumulate petroselinic acid with a gene for a .omega.12 desaturase from another species which does normally accumulate petroselinic acid.

Ohlrogge, John B. (Okemos, MI); Cahoon, Edgar B. (Lansing, MI); Shanklin, John (Upton, NY); Somerville, Christopher R. (Okemos, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Author's personal copy Fate of CuO-derived lignin oxidation products during plant combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Fate of CuO-derived lignin oxidation products during plant combustion natural chars originating from combustion of angiosperm/gymnosperm and woody/non-woody plants. The lignin to study the impact of combustion on lignins and their commonly used parameters. Our results show

Louchouarn, Patrick

437

Assessement of Codes and Standards Applicable to a Hydrogen Production Plant Coupled to a Nuclear Reactor  

SciTech Connect

This is an assessment of codes and standards applicable to a hydrogen production plant to be coupled to a nuclear reactor. The result of the assessment is a list of codes and standards that are expected to be applicable to the plant during its design and construction.

M. J. Russell

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Productivity change of coal-fired thermal power plants in India: a Malmquist index approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......coal are taken into consideration and power plants which use lignite as primary fuel are excluded from the study. Power plants...REDDY, Y. V. (2006) Importance of productivity in India. Reserve Bank India Bulletin, 6572. REVIEW OF PERFORMANCE OF THERMAL......

S. K. Behera; J. A. Farooquie; A. P. Dash

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use Incentive The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) may provide financial aid to school districts that use biodiesel fuel to operate school buses to

440

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Income Tax Income Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Income Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Income Tax Credit A taxpayer that delivers pure, unblended biodiesel (B100) into the tank of a vehicle or uses B100 as an on-road fuel in their trade or business may be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Mixture Mixture Excise Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Mixture Excise Tax Credit A biodiesel blender that is registered with the Internal Revenue Service

442

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Green Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Green Diesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

443

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Seattle Bakery Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks on AddThis.com... Jan. 19, 2013 Seattle Bakery Delivers With Biodiesel Trucks D iscover how Essential Baking Company in Seattle, Washington, relies on

444

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blending Tax Blending Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blending Tax Credit Businesses and individuals are eligible for a tax credit of up to 15% of the cost of qualified equipment used for storing or blending biodiesel with

445

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Blender Tax Blender Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blender Tax Credit A licensed fuel supplier who blends biodiesel or green diesel with diesel fuel may claim an income tax credit of $0.05 per gallon for fuel containing

446

Thermal and Oxidative Degradation of Castor Oil Biodiesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal and Oxidative Degradation of Castor Oil Biodiesel ... The neat biodiesels, 20% blends, and the base fuel (No. 2 diesel) were tested at 2 different loads (100 and 20%) and 3 injection timings (3° advanced, std., 3° retarded). ...

Marta M. Conceição; Valter J. Fernandes, Jr.; Antonio S. Araújo; Mirna F. Farias; Ieda M. G. Santos; Antonio G. Souza

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

447

Purchase energy-saving products | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purchase energy-saving products Purchase energy-saving products Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Learn the benefits Get started Use Portfolio Manager Save energy Stamp out energy waste Find cost-effective investments Engage occupants Purchase energy-saving products Purchasing and procurement case studies Put computers to sleep Get help from an expert

448

Products and purchasing | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools and resources Tools and resources » Products and purchasing Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

449

Construction of a Li Ion Battery (LIB) Cathode Production Plant...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Customers. Construct our Production Facility in Elyria, Ohio as Part of the Recovery Act Program. "This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or...

450

Emission Performance of Modern Diesel Engines Fueled with Biodiesel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This study presents full quantification of biodiesel's impact on emissions and fuel economy with the inclusion of DPF regeneration events.

451

Impact of Biodiesel on Fuel System Component Durability  

SciTech Connect

A study of the effects of biodiesel blends on fuel system components and the physical characteristics of elastomer materials.

Terry, B.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Gas treatment and by-products recovery of Thailand`s first coke plant  

SciTech Connect

Coke is needed in the blast furnace as the main fuel and chemical reactant and the main product of a coke plant. The second main product of the coke plant is coke oven gas. During treatment of the coke oven gas some coal chemicals like tar, ammonia, sulphur and benzole can be recovered as by-products. Since the market prices for these by-products are rather low and often erratic it does not in most cases justify the investment to recover these products. This is the reason why modern gas treatment plants only remove those impurities from the crude gas which must be removed for technical and environmental reasons. The cleaned gas, however, is a very valuable product as it replaces natural gas in steel work furnaces and can be used by other consumers. The surplus can be combusted in the boiler of a power plant. A good example for an optimal plant layout is the new coke oven facility of Thai Special Steel Industry (TSSI) in Rayong. The paper describes the TSSI`s coke oven gas treatment plant.

Diemer, P.E.; Seyfferth, W. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

System Evaluation and Economic Analysis of a HTGR Powered High-Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Plant  

SciTech Connect

A design for a commercial-scale high-temperature electrolysis (HTE) plant for hydrogen production has been developed. The HTE plant is powered by a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) whose configuration and operating conditions are based on the latest design parameters planned for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP). The current HTGR reference design specifies a reactor power of 600 MWt, with a primary system pressure of 7.0 MPa, and reactor inlet and outlet fluid temperatures of 322°C and 750°C, respectively. The power conversion unit will be a Rankine steam cycle with a power conversion efficiency of 40%. The reference hydrogen production plant operates at a system pressure of 5.0 MPa, and utilizes a steam-sweep system to remove the excess oxygen that is evolved on the anode (oxygen) side of the electrolyzer. The overall system thermal-to-hydrogen production efficiency (based on the higher heating value of the produced hydrogen) is 40.4% at a hydrogen production rate of 1.75 kg/s and an oxygen production rate of 13.8 kg/s. An economic analysis of this plant was performed with realistic financial and cost estimating assumptions. The results of the economic analysis demonstrated that the HTE hydrogen production plant driven by a high-temperature helium-cooled nuclear power plant can deliver hydrogen at a cost of $3.67/kg of hydrogen assuming an internal rate of return, IRR, of 12% and a debt to equity ratio of 80%/20%. A second analysis shows that if the power cycle efficiency increases to 44.4%, the hydrogen production efficiency increases to 42.8% and the hydrogen and oxygen production rates are 1.85 kg/s and 14.6 kg/s respectively. At the higher power cycle efficiency and an IRR of 12% the cost of hydrogen production is $3.50/kg.

Michael G. McKellar; Edwin A. Harvego; Anastasia A. Gandrik

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Recap Humanitarian Engineering ­ Biodiesel Boiler System for Steam Generator Currently 70 biodiesel boiler system to drive a steam engine generator. This system is to provide electricity the customer needs, a boiler fueled by biodiesel and outputting to a steam engine was decided upon. The system

Demirel, Melik C.

455

Biodiesel from Seeds: An Experiment for Organic Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel from Seeds: An Experiment for Organic Chemistry ... These lipids can be isolated from seeds and then converted into biodiesel through a transesterification reaction. ... Although much of the research has focused on the physical properties of biodiesel, other investigations focus on the conversion of various feedstock into fuel. ...

Steven W. Goldstein

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

456

Coking Plants, Coal-to-gas Plants, Gas Production and Distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This environmental brief covers various coal upgrading technologies, incl. coking and low-temperature carbonization as processes yielding the target products coke and gas plus tar products and diverse...

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hydrogen Production from Hydrogen Sulfide in IGCC Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

IGCC power plants are the cleanest coal-based power generation facilities in the world. Technical improvements are needed to help make them cost competitive. Sulfur recovery is one procedure in which improvement is possible. This project has developed and demonstrated an electrochemical process that could provide such an improvement. IGCC power plants now in operation extract the sulfur from the synthesis gas as hydrogen sulfide. In this project H{sub 2}S has been electrolyzed to yield sulfur and hydrogen (instead of sulfur and water as is the present practice). The value of the byproduct hydrogen makes this process more cost effective. The electrolysis has exploited some recent developments in solid state electrolytes. The proof of principal for the project concept has been accomplished.

Elias Stefanakos; Burton Krakow; Jonathan Mbah

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

458

UF6 overfilling prevention at Eurodif production Georges Besse plant  

SciTech Connect

Risk of overfilling exists on different equipments of Georges BESSE Plant: cylinders, desublimers and intermediate tanks. The preventive measures are composed of technical devices: desublimers weighing, load monitoring alarms, automatic controls ... and procedures, training, safety organization. In thirteen years of operation, some incidents have occurred but none of them has caused any personal injuries. They are related and discussed. The main factors involved in the Sequoyah fuel facility accident on 1/4/1986 have been analyzed and taken into account.

Reneaud, J.M. [Eurodif Production, Pierrelatte (France)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Oak Ridge K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Oak Ridge K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health Protection Program Covered DOE Site: K-25 Worker Population Served: Production Workers Principal Investigator: Jim Frederick Co-Principal Investigator: Steven Markowitz, MD Toll-free Telephone: (888) 241-1199 Local Outreach Office: Bruce Lawson 133 Raleigh Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Local Medical Clinics: ParkMed 110 S. Illinois Avenue Oak Ridge, TN 37380 Website: http://www.worker-health.org/ This project is conducted by the United Steelworkers in conjunction with Queens College of the City University of New York. The program is being offered as a service to both former and current workers. Free of charge,

460

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biodiesel Production Data Released: October 30, 2014 Biodiesel production data are reported as "Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production" of "Renewable Fuels Except Fuel...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "biodiesel production plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Life Cycle Inventory Energy Consumption and Emissions for Biodiesel versus Petroleum Diesel Fueled Construction Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle Inventory Energy Consumption and Emissions for Biodiesel versus Petroleum Diesel Fueled Construction Vehicles ... In general, LCI emissions of HC and CO are lower if NSPS-compliant soyoil plants are used. ... The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a methodology for characterizing at high resolution the energy use and emissions of a plug-in parallel-hybrid diesel-electric school bus (PHSB) to support assessments of sensitivity to driving cycles and ... ...

Shih-Hao Pang; H. Christopher Frey; William J. Rasdorf

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

462

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Advanced Vehicle Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Advanced Vehicle Acquisition and Biodiesel Fuel Use Requirement on AddThis.com...

463

GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening GreenHunter Biodiesel Refinery Grand Opening June 2, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for (Acting) Deputy Secretary Kupfer Today, Acting Deputy Secretary Jeffrey Kupfer delivered remarks at the launch of GreenHunter Energy's biodiesel refinery, which will be the nation's single largest biodiesel refinery, producing 105 million gallons of "white-water" B100 biodiesel per year. Thank you Gary. I'm pleased to join with Governor Perry, Congressmen Green and Lampson, and Mayor Garcia in celebrating this important occasion. Today, as we open the nation's largest biodiesel refinery, we reach another milestone in our effort to make America more energy secure. As you know, global energy demand is surging. We must act swiftly and aggressively to

464

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program Student Entrepreneurs Driving Loyola Biodiesel Program August 19, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Zach Waickman works on a biodiesel project at Loyola University. | Photo courtesy of Mark Beane, Loyola University Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE Students convert used dining hall cooking oil into biodiesel The alternative fuel to supply 2,500 gallons of fuel to campus shuttles Lab-created biodiesel and biosoap sales support biofuels education program Communications major Zachary Waickman had no idea what he was getting into when he signed up for Loyola University's undergraduate Solutions to

465

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications Biodiesel Revs Up Its Applications March 3, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo A presentation at the 2011 National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Transforming America's transportation system to reduce our reliance on imported oil will strengthen our economy, our security and our environment. A number of solutions exist to help us break this dependence, including expanding our use of renewable fuels. I attended the National Biodiesel Board's Conference and Expo in Phoenix, Arizona last week to find out more about how biodiesel can help the Department of Energy (DOE) accomplish its mission.

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Requirement Requirement for School Buses to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Requirement for School Buses Every school bus that is capable of operating on diesel fuel must be

467

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0: November 7, 0: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #700: November 7, 2011 Biodiesel Consumption is on the Rise for 2011 on

468

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Excise Tax Exemption Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Excise Tax Exemption for Biodiesel Produced by Schools on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

469

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Sales Sales Equipment Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Sales Equipment Tax Credit Qualified retailers may be eligible for a corporate income tax credit of

470

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Ethanol and Ethanol Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel and Ethanol Specifications Ethanol-blended gasoline must conform to ASTM D4814, E85 must conform to

471

Natural Gas Plant Field Production: Natural Gas Liquids  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Natural Gas Liquids Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane Propane Normal Butane Isobutane Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Product: Natural Gas Liquids Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane Propane Normal Butane Isobutane Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. 74,056 76,732 74,938 79,040 82,376 81,196 1981-2013 PADD 1 1,525 1,439 2,394 2,918 2,821 2,687 1981-2013 East Coast 1993-2008 Appalachian No. 1 1,525 1,439 2,394 2,918 2,821 2,687 1993-2013 PADD 2 12,892 13,208 13,331 13,524 15,204 15,230 1981-2013 Ind., Ill. and Ky. 1,975 1,690 2,171 1,877 2,630 2,746 1993-2013

472

An overview of palm, jatropha and algae as a potential biodiesel feedstock in Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high demand to replace petroleum fuel makes renewable and sustainable sources such as Palm oil, Jatropha oil and Algae a main focus feedstock for biodiesel production in Malaysia. There are many studies conducted on Palm oil and Jatropha oil, however, the use of Algae as an alternative fuel is still in its infancy. Malaysia already implemented B5 based Palm oil as a feedstock and this biodiesel has been proven safe and can be used without any engine modification. The use of biodiesel produced from these feedstock will also developed domestic economic and provide job opportunities especially in the rural area. In addition, biodiesel has many advantages especially when dealing with the emissions produce as compared to petroleum fuel such as; it can reduce unwanted gases and particulate matter harmful to the atmosphere and mankind. Thus, this paper gathered and examines the most prominent engine emission produced from Palm oil and Jatropha feedstock and also to observe the potential of Algae to be one of the sources of alternative fuel in Malaysia.

S Yunus; N R Abdullah; R Mamat; A A Rashid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Life Cycle Assessment Comparing the Use of Jatropha Biodiesel in the Indian Road and Rail Sectors  

SciTech Connect

This life cycle assessment of Jatropha biodiesel production and use evaluates the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emission (not considering land-use change), net energy value (NEV), and net petroleum consumption impacts of substituting Jatropha biodiesel for conventional petroleum diesel in India. Several blends of biodiesel with petroleum diesel are evaluated for the rail freight, rail passenger, road freight, and road-passenger transport sectors that currently rely heavily on petroleum diesel. For the base case, Jatropha cultivation, processing, and use conditions that were analyzed, the use of B20 results in a net reduction in GHG emissions and petroleum consumption of 14% and 17%, respectively, and a NEV increase of 58% compared with the use of 100% petroleum diesel. While the road-passenger transport sector provides the greatest sustainability benefits per 1000 gross tonne kilometers, the road freight sector eventually provides the greatest absolute benefits owing to substantially higher projected utilization by year 2020. Nevertheless, introduction of biodiesel to the rail sector might present the fewest logistic and capital expenditure challenges in the near term. Sensitivity analyses confirmed that the sustainability benefits are maintained under multiple plausible cultivation, processing, and distribution scenarios. However, the sustainability of any individual Jatropha plantation will depend on site-specific conditions.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Use of biodiesel in marine fuel formulation: A study of combustion quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The quality of ignition and combustion of blends of soy biodiesel and marine fuels was evaluated. Faced with the increasing implementation of processes for converting heavier oil fractions, the availability of streams to formulate marine fuels has been reduced. In this context, the use of biodiesel is important to minimize problems caused by the retraction in production of these streams and improve marine fuel quality. Since composition and stability properties are of great importance and influence directly the combustion quality, the composition was determined using the SARA analysis by thin layer chromatography and a flame ionization detector and the mixtures' stability evaluation was made by optical scanning. Using the equipment Fuel Combustion Analyzer, mixtures of marine fuels and soy biodiesel were tested, varying the biodiesel content by volume in the mixture at levels up to 10% v/v. The results show that the addition of biofuel to marine fuels, in the evaluated conditions, does not compromise the combustion quality of the bunker oil and, in some cases, had even increased the estimated cetane number, indicating increased quality of ignition and combustion.

Elisia dos Santos Prucole; Ricardo Rodrigues da Cunha Pinto; Maria Letícia Murta Valle

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Economic Analysis of a Nuclear Reactor Powered High-Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Plant  

SciTech Connect

A reference design for a commercial-scale high-temperature electrolysis (HTE) plant for hydrogen production was developed to provide a basis for comparing the HTE concept with other hydrogen production concepts. The reference plant design is driven by a high-temperature helium-cooled nuclear reactor coupled to a direct Brayton power cycle. The reference design reactor power is 600 MWt, with a primary system pressure of 7.0 MPa, and reactor inlet and outlet fluid temperatures of 540°C and 900°C, respectively. The electrolysis unit used to produce hydrogen includes 4,009,177 cells with a per-cell active area of 225 cm2. The optimized design for the reference hydrogen production plant operates at a system pressure of 5.0 MPa, and utilizes an air-sweep system to remove the excess oxygen that is evolved on the anode (oxygen) side of the electrolyzer. The inlet air for the air-sweep system is compressed to the system operating pressure of 5.0 MPa in a four-stage compressor with intercooling. The alternating-current, AC, to direct-current, DC, conversion efficiency is 96%. The overall system thermal-to-hydrogen production efficiency (based on the lower heating value of the produced hydrogen) is 47.12% at a hydrogen production rate of 2.356 kg/s. An economic analysis of this plant was performed using the standardized H2A Analysis Methodology developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Program, and using realistic financial and cost estimating assumptions. The results of the economic analysis demonstrated that the HTE hydrogen production plant driven by a high-temperature helium-cooled nuclear power plant can deliver hydrogen at a competitive cost. A cost of $3.23/kg of hydrogen was calculated assuming an internal rate of return of 10%.

E. A. Harvego; M. G. McKellar; M. S. Sohal; J. E. O'Brien; J. S. Herring

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Removing petroleum products from coke-plant wastewater by means of coal concentrates and coking products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of raw materials and products at OAO Moskoks in absorbing petroleum products is explored. These materials are compared with mass-produced carbon absorbers. The possibility of producing carbon adsorbent...

N. P. Zubakhin; V. N. Klushin; D. A. Dmitrieva; E. V. Zen’kova

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Analysis of Improved Reference Design for a Nuclear-Driven High Temperature Electrolysis Hydrogen Production Plant  

SciTech Connect

The use of High Temperature Electrolysis (HTE) for the efficient production of hydrogen without the greenhouse gas emissions associated with conventional fossil-fuel hydrogen production techniques has been under investigation at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INL) for the last several years. The activities at the INL have included the development, testing and analysis of large numbers of solid oxide electrolysis cells, and the analyses of potential plant designs for large scale production of hydrogen using an advanced Very-High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) to provide the process heat and electricity to drive the electrolysis process. The results of these system analyses, using the UniSim process analysis software, have shown that the HTE process, when coupled to a VHTR capable of operating at reactor outlet temperatures of 800 °C to 950 °C, has the potential to produce the large quantities of hydrogen needed to meet future energy and transportation needs with hydrogen production efficiencies in excess of 50%. In addition, economic analyses performed on the INL reference plant design, optimized to maximize the hydrogen production rate for a 600 MWt VHTR, have shown that a large nuclear-driven HTE hydrogen production plant can to be economically competitive with conventional hydrogen production processes, particularly when the penalties associated with greenhouse gas emissions are considered. The results of this research led to the selection in 2009 of HTE as the preferred concept in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) hydrogen technology down-selection process. However, the down-selection process, along with continued technical assessments at the INL, has resulted in a number of proposed modifications and refinements to improve the original INL reference HTE design. These modifications include changes in plant configuration, operating conditions and individual component designs. This paper describes the resulting new INL reference design and presents results of system analyses performed to optimize the design and to determine required plant performance and operating conditions.

Edwin A. Harvego; James E. O'Brien; Michael G. McKellar

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

WI Biodiesel Blending Progream Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Wisconsin State Energy Office�¢����s (SEO) primary mission is to implement cost�¢���effective, reliable, balanced, and environmentally�¢���friendly clean energy projects. To support this mission the Wisconsin Biodiesel Blending Program was created to financially support the installation infrastructure necessary to directly sustain biodiesel blending and distribution at petroleum terminal facilities throughout Wisconsin. The SEO secured a federal directed award of $600,000 over 2.25 years. With these funds, the SEO supported the construction of inline biodiesel blending facilities at two petroleum terminals in Wisconsin. The Federal funding provided through the state provided a little less than half of the necessary investment to construct the terminals, with the balance put forth by the partners. Wisconsin is now home to two new biodiesel blending terminals. Fusion Renewables on Jones Island (in the City of Milwaukee) will offer a B100 blend to both bulk and retail customers. CITGO is currently providing a B5 blend to all customers at their Granville, WI terminal north of the City of Milwaukee.

Redmond, Maria E; Levy, Megan M

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fuel Plants  

SciTech Connect

This project concerns a diffusion driven desalination (DDD) process where warm water is evaporated into a low humidity air stream, and the vapor is condensed out to produce distilled water. Although the process has a low fresh water to feed water conversion efficiency, it has been demonstrated that this process can potentially produce low cost distilled water when driven by low grade waste heat. This report summarizes the progress made in the development and analysis of a Diffusion Driven Desalination (DDD) system. Detailed heat and mass transfer analyses required to size and analyze the diffusion tower using a heated water input are described. The analyses agree quite well with the current data and the information available in the literature. The direct contact condenser has also been thoroughly analyzed and the system performance at optimal operating conditions has been considered using a heated water/ambient air input to the diffusion tower. The diffusion tower has also been analyzed using a heated air input. The DDD laboratory facility has successfully been modified to include an air heating section. Experiments have been conducted over a range of parameters for two different cases: heated air/heated water and heated air/ambient water. A theoretical heat and mass transfer model has been examined for both of these cases and agreement between the experimental and theoretical data is good. A parametric study reveals that for every liquid mass flux there is an air mass flux value where the diffusion tower energy consumption is minimal and an air mass flux where the fresh water production flux is maximized. A study was also performed to compare the DDD process with different inlet operating conditions as well as different packing. It is shown that the heated air/heated water case is more capable of greater fresh water production with the same energy consumption than the ambient air/heated water process at high liquid mass flux. It is also shown that there can be significant advantage when using the heated air/heated water process with a less dense less specific surface area packed bed. Use of one configuration over the other depends upon the environment and the desired operating conditions.

James F. Klausner; Renwei Mei; Yi Li; Jessica Knight

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

480

Study of degumming process and evaluation of oxidative stability of methyl and ethyl biodiesel of Jatropha curcas L. oil from three different Brazilian states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work describes the production of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil. The kernel samples provided by Embrapa-PI, were first crushed in a blender and then subjected to extraction with hexane. The oil yield was between 54.71 ± 0.47 and 64.16 ± 2.88%. The J. curcas oil was then submitted to two different kinds of degumming, first with water and second with H3PO4 to evaluate the influence of these processes in the yield of the transesterification reaction. Methyl and ethyl biodiesel prepared from the degummed oil with H3PO4 had higher conversions than those prepared with the degummed with water. Therefore, among the processes of degumming studied, H3PO4 was more suitable for the treatment of J. curcas oil. The study shows the results about oxidation stability were good, because the biodiesels methyl and ethyl biodiesel have induction period at 13.51 h and 13.03 h without antioxidant addition when submitted a Rancimat text. Such biodiesels had their physicochemical parameters defined under the specifications of ANP Resolutions n° 14/2012 (ANP- National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels from Brazil). The results showed that J. curcas cultivation in Brazil is an adequate source for biodiesel production, considering the technical standards available.

Francisca Diana da Silva Araújo; Iranildo C. Araújo; Isabella Cristhina G. Costa; Carla Verônica Rodarte de Moura; Mariana H. Chaves; Eugênio Celso E. Araújo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z