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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Energy 2050: Bio-inspired Renewable Non-Fossil Liquid Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an intelligent Energy Transparency model and a bio-inspired hypothetical mechanical mitochondria to optimize energy efficiency. iET seeks learning algorithms to build intelligence in order to pursue carbon-based ...

Datta, Shoumen

2

Bio-inspired Political Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper I consider the necessity and the possibilities of engineering bio-inspired political systems. Systems capable of harnessing the complexity of the human social systems and their increasingly growing and diversifying interactions.

Mezza-Garcia, Nathalie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Bio-inspired swimming helix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigated a bio-inspired swimming chain (BISH), inspired by Weelia cylindrica. After developing a model, it was used to investigate conditions under which helical motion would emerge. The properties of this ...

Johnson, Benjamin C. F. (Benjamin Cedar Fruehauf)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials E. Munch, 1 M. E.guide the synthesis of bio-inspired ceramic-based compositesLike many hard mineralized bio-composites, the ice-templated

Munch, Etienne

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

A BIO-INSPIRED METHODOLOGY FOR ARTIFICIAL ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A BIO-INSPIRED METHODOLOGY FOR ARTIFICIAL OLFACTION. Joshua L. Hertz, Baranidharan Raman, Kurt D. Benkstein and Steve Semancik. ...

6

Bio-Inspired Funcational from Nature Speices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Recently, different bio-inspired technologies have been developed for the conversion of biological specices into biomorphic ceramics.

7

Bio-inspired computing: constituents and challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nature has remedies for almost all problems. Though biological systems exhibits organised, complex and intelligent behaviour, they comprise of simple elements and governed by simple rules. Hence, mimicking such systems has been the attraction of researchers ... Keywords: ANNs, DNA computing, artificial immune system, artificial life, artificial neural networks, bio-inspired chemical procedures, bio-inspired computing, bio-inspired physical processes, evolutionary algorithms, fractal geometry, natural computing, quantum computing, soft computing, swarm intelligence

Rajendra Akerkar; Priti Srinivas Sajja

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Bio-Inspired, Smart, Multiscale Interfacial Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Bio-inspired smart materials should be a “live” material with various functions like organism in Nature, they must have three essential elements ...

9

Bio-inspired fluidic lens for biomedical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Fabrication and analysis of bio-inspired fluidic lens Incover the device issues for bio-inspired fluidic lens. Theunified imaging system using bio-inspired fluidic lens,"

Tsai, Shang-Feng (Frank)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Bio-Inspired Structural Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowhere is this more apparent than with natural materials. Bone and nacre, for ... An Ionic-Liquid-Functionalized MWNT/Epoxy Composite · Atomic-Scale ... Core- Shell Nanowires and Their Application in Fuel Cells · Critical Challenges in ...

11

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - BIO-Inspired...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BIO-INSPIRED NANOMATERIALS CAPABILITIES Multimodality live-cell imaging (located outside of the CNMS) This laboratory provides full capabilities to manipulate and image hydrated...

12

Multidirectional Physarum Solver: an Innovative Bio-inspired ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 25, 2013 ... Abstract: This paper introduces a new bio-inspired algorithm for optimal discrete decision making, able to incrementally grow and explore ...

13

Engineering bio-inspired microenvironments for stem cell proliferation and skeletal differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAN DIEGO Engineering bio-inspired microenvironments forTHE DISSERTATION Engineering bio-inspired microenvironmentsBradford protein assay using Bio-Rad Protein Assay kit (Cat#

Hwang, Yongsung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Complex biological and bio-inspired systems  

SciTech Connect

The understanding and characterization ofthe fundamental processes of the function of biological systems underpins many of the important challenges facing American society, from the pathology of infectious disease and the efficacy ofvaccines, to the development of materials that mimic biological functionality and deliver exceptional and novel structural and dynamic properties. These problems are fundamentally complex, involving many interacting components and poorly understood bio-chemical kinetics. We use the basic science of statistical physics, kinetic theory, cellular bio-chemistry, soft-matter physics, and information science to develop cell level models and explore the use ofbiomimetic materials. This project seeks to determine how cell level processes, such as response to mechanical stresses, chemical constituents and related gradients, and other cell signaling mechanisms, integrate and combine to create a functioning organism. The research focuses on the basic physical processes that take place at different levels ofthe biological organism: the basic role of molecular and chemical interactions are investigated, the dynamics of the DNA-molecule and its phylogenetic role are examined and the regulatory networks of complex biochemical processes are modeled. These efforts may lead to early warning algorithms ofpathogen outbreaks, new bio-sensors to detect hazards from pathomic viruses to chemical contaminants. Other potential applications include the development of efficient bio-fuel alternative-energy processes and the exploration ofnovel materials for energy usages. Finally, we use the notion of 'coarse-graining,' which is a method for averaging over less important degrees of freedom to develop computational models to predict cell function and systems-level response to disease, chemical stress, or biological pathomic agents. This project supports Energy Security, Threat Reduction, and the missions of the DOE Office of Science through its efforts to accurately model biological systems at the molecular and cellular level. The project's impact encompasses applications to biofuels, to novel sensors and to materials with broad use for energy or threat reduction. The broad, interdisciplinary approach of CNLS offers the unparalleled strength of combining science backgrounds and expertise -a unique and important asset in attacking the complex science of biological organisms. This approach also allows crossfertilization, with concepts and techniques transferring across field boundaries.

Ecke, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Bio-inspired tailored hydroxyapatite-based powder composites for dental applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to functionally graded implant for bio-medical application.DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY Bio-inspired Tailored Hydroxyapatite-processing of HAP-based bio-composites.

Lin, Yen-Shan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Potential Bio-inspired and Bio-medical Applications of Cuttlebone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Potential Bio-inspired and Bio-medical Applications of Cuttlebone ... This research is funded by the National Science Council, Taiwan ...

17

A Bio-inspired Connectionist Architecture for Visual Classification of Moving Objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a bio-inspired connectionist architecture for visual classification of moving objects in articulated and non-articulated ones. It is based on a previous model called CONEPVIM, which uses the behaviour of simples cells in the ... Keywords: Bio-inspired connectionist architecture, articulated/non-articulated moving objects, visual classification

Pedro L. Sánchez Orellana; Claudio Castellanos Sánchez

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

POEtic-cubes: acquisition of new qualia through apperception using a bio-inspired electronic tissue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we shall present the research process towards an artistic installation, called POEtic-Cubes, that is constituted by nine autonomous robots monitored by the POEtic electronic tissue (bio-inspired hardware with adaptive features). The main ... Keywords: adaptation, apperceptiona, bio-inspired systems, epigenesis, multi-sensory artistic installations, ontogenesis, phylogenesis

Raquel Paricio; J. Manuel Moreno

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Bio-inspired energy-aware protocol design for cooperative wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, bio-inspired cooperation rules are applied to wireless communication networks. The main goal is to derive cooperative behaviour rules to improve the energy consumption of each mobile device. A medium access control (MAC) protocol ...

Gian Paolo Perrucci; Puri Ardhy Anggraeni; Satya Ardhy Wardana; Frank H. P. Fitzek; Marcos D. Katz

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Bio-inspired methods for fast and robust arrangement of thermoelectric modulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to evaluate the ability of some well-known bio-inspired metaheuristics for optimal arrangement of thermoelectric cells mounted in a thermal component. In real life applications, proper arrangement of thermoelectric modules plays a pivotal ...

Ahmad Mozaffari; Ali M. Goudarzi; Alireza Fathi; Pendar Samadian

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Hybrid bio-inspired techniques for land cover feature extraction: A remote sensing perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in the theoretical and practical implementations of biogeography have led to the exploration of new bio-inspired techniques which can prove to be the building blocks of hybrid bio-inspired techniques. This aspect was discovered while ... Keywords: ACO, Ant Colony Optimization, BBO, Biogeography, DEM, DN, DPSO, E, FCM, Feature extraction, GA, HSI, I, Image classification, Kappa Coefficient, LISS, MDMC, MIR, MLC, NIR, PSO, Particle Swarm Optimization, RCBBO, RS1, RS2, Remote sensing, SAR, SIV, TSP

Lavika Goel; Daya Gupta; V. K. Panchal

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Bio-Inspired Computing Tissues: Towards Machines that Evolve, Grow, and Learn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biological inspiration in the design of computing machines could allow the creation of new machines with promising characteristics such as fault-tolerance, self-replication or cloning, reproduction, evolution, adaptation and learning, and growth. The aim of this paper is to introduce bio-inspired computing tissues that might constitute a key concept for the implementation of "living" machines. We first present a general overview of bio-inspired systems and the POE model that classifies bio-inspired machines along three axes. The Embryonics project---inspired by some of the basic processes of molecular biology---is described by means of the BioWatch application, a fault-tolerant and self-repairable watch. The main characteristics of the Embryonics project are the multicellular organization, the cellular di#erentiation, and the self-repair capabilities. The BioWall is intended as a reconfigurable computing tissue capable of interacting with its environment by means of a large number of touch-sensitive elements coupled with a color displays. For illustrative purposes, a large-scale implementation of the BioWatch on the BioWall's computational tissue is presented. We conclude the paper with a description of bio-inspired computing tissues and POEtic machines. 1

C. Teuscher; D. Mange; A. Stauffer; G. Tempesti

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Embryonics: A Bio-Inspired Cellular Architecture with Fault-Tolerant Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details and expands the work on Embryonics, a recently proposed fault-tolerant cellular architecture with reconfiguration properties inspired by the ontogenetic development of multicellular systems. The design of a selector-based embryonic ... Keywords: FPGAs, bio-inspired systems, embryonics, fault-tolerant systems, reliability models

Cesar Ortega-Sanchez; Daniel Mange; Steve Smith; Andy Tyrrell

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Final Report for Bio-Inspired Approaches to Moving-Target Defense Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report records the work and contributions of the NITRD-funded Bio-Inspired Approaches to Moving-Target Defense Strategies project performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory under the technical guidance of the National Security Agency’s R6 division. The project has incorporated a number of bio-inspired cyber defensive technologies within an elastic framework provided by the Digital Ants. This project has created the first scalable, real-world prototype of the Digital Ants Framework (DAF)[11] and integrated five technologies into this flexible, decentralized framework: (1) Ant-Based Cyber Defense (ABCD), (2) Behavioral Indicators, (3) Bioinformatic Clas- sification, (4) Moving-Target Reconfiguration, and (5) Ambient Collaboration. The DAF can be used operationally to decentralize many such data intensive applications that normally rely on collection of large amounts of data in a central repository. In this work, we have shown how these component applications may be decentralized and may perform analysis at the edge. Operationally, this will enable analytics to scale far beyond current limitations while not suffering from the bandwidth or computational limitations of centralized analysis. This effort has advanced the R6 Cyber Security research program to secure digital infrastructures by developing a dynamic means to adaptively defend complex cyber systems. We hope that this work will benefit both our client’s efforts in system behavior modeling and cyber security to the overall benefit of the nation.

Fink, Glenn A.; Oehmen, Christopher S.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

A Bio-Inspired Robust Adaptive Random Search Algorithm for Distributed Beamforming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bio-inspired robust adaptive random search algorithm (BioRARSA), designed for distributed beamforming for sensor and relay networks, is proposed in this work. It has been shown via a systematic framework that BioRARSA converges in probability and its convergence time scales linearly with the number of distributed transmitters. More importantly, extensive simulation results demonstrate that the proposed BioRARSA outperforms existing adaptive distributed beamforming schemes by as large as 29.8% on average. This increase in performance results from the fact that BioRARSA can adaptively adjust its sampling stepsize via the "swim" behavior inspired by the bacterial foraging mechanism. Hence, the convergence time of BioRARSA is insensitive to the initial sampling stepsize of the algorithm, which makes it robust against the dynamic nature of distributed wireless networks.

Tseng, Chia-Shiang; Lin, Che

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Solar Energy Systems - Research - Biomimetic Solar Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

using renewable resources such as sunlight. They also offer an enticing way to store solar energy in a very compact form. Challenges in solar fuels production lie in...

27

Implementation of an Innovative Bio Inspired GA and PSO Algorithm for Controller design considering Steam GT Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Application of Bio Inspired Algorithms to complicated Power System Stability Problems has recently attracted the researchers in the field of Artificial Intelligence. Low frequency oscillations after a disturbance in a Power system, if not sufficiently damped, can drive the system unstable. This paper provides a systematic procedure to damp the low frequency oscillations based on Bio Inspired Genetic (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithms. The proposed controller design is based on formulating a System Damping ratio enhancement based Optimization criterion to compute the optimal controller parameters for better stability. The Novel and contrasting feature of this work is the mathematical modeling and simulation of the Synchronous generator model including the Steam Governor Turbine (GT) dynamics. To show the robustness of the proposed controller, Non linear Time domain simulations have been carried out under various system operating conditions. Also, a detailed Comparative study has been don...

Shivakumar, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - Fundamental Interactions - Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Conversion Solar Conversion * Members * Contact * Publications * Overview * Photosynthesis and Solar Fuel Hybrids * Light Induced Energy and Electron Transfer Processes * Analyses of Solar Fuels Assemblies * Redox Protein Hybrid Architectures Fundamental Interactions Home Photosynthesis and Solar Fuel Hybrids Overview photo of tree top with sun coming through branches Natural photosynthetic energy research is aimed at resolving fundamental mechanisms of photochemical energy conversion in photosynthetic proteins and using this information in the design of bio-inspired materials for the generation of solar fuels. In photosynthesis, the energy from the sun is used to rearrange bonds of water to form oxygen and an equivalent of hydrogen, NADPH. Inspired by photosynthesis, current solar fuel research involves developing systems to capture and convert the sun's energy, storing it in the energy-rich chemical bonds of molecules such as hydrogen.

29

Hybrid solar-fossil fuel power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a literature review of hybrid solar-fossil fuel power generation is first given with an emphasis on system integration and evaluation. Hybrid systems are defined as those which use solar energy and fuel ...

Sheu, Elysia J. (Elysia Ja-Zeng)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

An analysis of distributed solar fuel systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While solar fuel systems offer tremendous potential to address global clean energy needs, most existing analyses have focused on the feasibility of large centralized systems and applications. Not much research exists on ...

Thomas, Alex, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Solar powered unitized regenerative fuel cell system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar hydrogen system is a unique power system that can meet the power requirement for the energy future demand, in such a system the hydrogen used to be the energy carrier which can produced through electrolysis by using the power from the PV during ... Keywords: electrolyzer, fuel cell, hydrogen, photovoltaic, regenerative, solar hydrogen system

Salwan S. Dihrab; , Kamaruzzaman Sopian; Nowshad Amin; M. M. Alghoul; Azami Zaharim

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Solar Thermochemical Fuels Production: Solar Fuels via Partial Redox Cycles with Heat Recovery  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: The University of Minnesota is developing a solar thermochemical reactor that will efficiently produce fuel from sunlight, using solar energy to produce heat to break chemical bonds. The University of Minnesota is envisioning producing the fuel by using partial redox cycles and ceria-based reactive materials. The team will achieve unprecedented solar-to-fuel conversion efficiencies of more than 10% (where current state-of-the-art efficiency is 1%) by combined efforts and innovations in material development, and reactor design with effective heat recovery mechanisms and demonstration. This new technology will allow for the effective use of vast domestic solar resources to produce precursors to synthetic fuels that could replace gasoline.

None

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

33

Bio-inspired optical components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guiding electro-magnetic radiation is fundamental to optics. Lenses, mirrors, and photonic crystals all accomplish this task by different routes. Understanding the interaction of light with materials is fundamental to ...

Walish, Joseph John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Bio-inspired fluid locomotion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed several novel methods of locomotion at low Reynolds number, for both Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids: Robosnails 1 and 2, which operate on a lubrication layer, and the three-link swimmer which moves ...

Chan, Brian, 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Bio-Inspired Energy Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy policies based on empirical assumptions without a foundation in granular real-time data may be limited in scope. It may sputter ineffectively in its role as the engine of energy economics. For energy efficiency and ...

Datta, Shoumen

2010-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

36

Liquid Fuels from CO2, Water, and Solar Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management. Presentation Title, Liquid Fuels from CO2, Water, and Solar Energy. Author(s), Aldo ...

37

Mimicking Photosynthesis for Production of Solar Fuels | U.S...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Science Highlights 2012 Mimicking Photosynthesis for Production of Solar Fuels Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of...

38

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

Nathan Lewis

2010-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

39

Powering the Planet with Solar Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Researchers are trying to design solar-driven molecular machines that could be used on a global scale to store solar energy by splitting water into ...

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

Solar-Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LemonsR. A. ( 1990) Fuel Cells for Transportation. Jour- DC,M. A. (1992). Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles. Re- koebensteinsolid tember. oxide fuel cell development. Journal of

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Ogden, Joan M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Conversion system overview assessment. Volume III. Solar thermal/coal or biomass derived fuels  

SciTech Connect

The three volumes of this report cover three distinct areas of solar energy research: solar thermoelectrics, solar-wind hybrid systems, and synthetic fuels derived with solar thermal energy. Volume III deals with the conversion of synthetic fuels with solar thermal heat. The method is a hybrid combination of solar energy with either coal or biomass. A preliminary assessment of this technology is made by calculating the cost of fuel produced as a function of the cost of coal and biomass. It is shown that within the projected ranges of coal, biomass, and solar thermal costs, there are conditions when solar synthetic fuels with solar thermal heat will become cost-competitive.

Copeland, R. J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

2011 RENEWABLE ENERGY: SOLAR FUELS GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conference will present and discuss current science that underlies solar fuels production, and will focus on direct production pathways for production. Thus, recent advances in design and understanding of molecular systems and materials for light capture and conversion of relevance for solar fuels will be discussed. An important set of topics will be homogeneous, heterogeneous and biological catalysts for the multi-electron processes of water oxidation, hydrogen production and carbon dioxide reduction to useful fuels. Also, progress towards integrated and scalable systems will be presented. Attached is a copy of the formal schedule and speaker program and the poster program.

Joseph Hupp

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia May 14, 2010 - 3:35pm Addthis Joshua DeLung During his recent commencement address at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Energy Secretary Steven Chu hailed the ingenuity of the engineers responsible for the Industrial Revolution. He noted, however, that the carbon emissions from that pivotal era have caused the world's climate to change drastically. "More frequent heat waves and increased water stress in many areas of the world are predicted," he said. "Rising sea levels and the severity of hurricanes and cyclones will threaten low-lying coastal areas. The climate will change so rapidly that many species, including many people, will have

44

Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia May 14, 2010 - 3:35pm Addthis Joshua DeLung During his recent commencement address at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Energy Secretary Steven Chu hailed the ingenuity of the engineers responsible for the Industrial Revolution. He noted, however, that the carbon emissions from that pivotal era have caused the world's climate to change drastically. "More frequent heat waves and increased water stress in many areas of the world are predicted," he said. "Rising sea levels and the severity of hurricanes and cyclones will threaten low-lying coastal areas. The climate will change so rapidly that many species, including many people, will have

45

Solar Energy for Transportation Fuel (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nate Lewis' talk looks at the challenge of capturing solar energy and storing it as an affordable transportation fuel — all on a scale necessary to reduce global warming. Overcoming this challenge will require developing new materials that can use abundant and inexpensive elements rather than costly and rare materials. He discusses the promise of new materials in the development of carbon-free alternatives to fossil fuel.

Lewis, Nate

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

46

Reducing fuel usage through applications of conservation and solar energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar thermal technology, coupled with aggressive conservation measures, offers the prospect of greatly reducing the dependence of industry on oil and natural gas. The near-term market for solar technology is largely in industrial processes operating at temperatures below 288/sup 0/C (550/sup 0/F). Such process heat can be supplied by the relatively unsophisticated solar equipment available today. The number and diversity of industrial plants using process heat at this temperature allows favorable matches between solar technologies and industrial processes. The problems involved with the installation and maintenance of conservation and solar equipment are similar. Both compete for scarce investment capital, and each complicates industrial operations and increases maintenance requirements. Technological innovations requiring new types of equipment and reducing the temperature requirements of industrial processes favor the introduction of solar hardware. The industrial case studies program at the Solar Energy Research Institute has examined technical, economic, and other problems facing the near-term application of solar thermal technology to provide industrial process heat. The plant engineer is in the front line of any measure to reduce energy consumption or to supplement existing fuel supplies. The conditions most favorable to the integration of solar technology are presented and illustrated with examples from actual industrial plants.

May, E. K.; Hooker, D. W.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel : Renewable Energy News  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel : Renewable Energy News TUESDAY 25 MAY, 2010 | | Solar Power To Help Convert Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel by Energy Matters Microbiologist Derek Lovley dioxide into transportation fuels, with the help of special micro-organisms and solar power. The team

Lovley, Derek

48

Syngas into Fuel: Optofluidic Solar Concentrators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Ohio State has developed an iron-based material and process for converting syngas—a synthetic gas mixture—into electricity, H2, and/or liquid fuel with zero CO2 emissions. Traditional carbon capture methods use chemical solvents or special membranes to separate CO2 from the gas exhaust from coal-fired power plants. Ohio State’s technology uses an iron-based oxygen carrier to generate CO2 and H2 from syngas in separate, pure product streams by means of a circulating bed reactor configuration. The end products of the system are H2, electricity, and/or liquid fuel, all of which are useful sources of power that can come from coal or syngas derived from biomass. Ohio State is developing a high-pressure pilot-scale unit to demonstrate this process at the National Carbon Capture Center.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fuel from Bacteria, CO2, Water, and Solar Energy: Engineering a Bacterial Reverse Fuel Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrofuels Project: Harvard is engineering a self-contained, scalable Electrofuels production system that can directly generate liquid fuels from bacteria, carbon dioxide (CO2), water, and sunlight. Harvard is genetically engineering bacteria called Shewanella, so the bacteria can sit directly on electrical conductors and absorb electrical current. This current, which is powered by solar panels, gives the bacteria the energy they need to process CO2 into liquid fuels. The Harvard team pumps this CO2 into the system, in addition to water and other nutrients needed to grow the bacteria. Harvard is also engineering the bacteria to produce fuel molecules that have properties similar to gasoline or diesel fuel—making them easier to incorporate into the existing fuel infrastructure. These molecules are designed to spontaneously separate from the water-based culture that the bacteria live in and to be used directly as fuel without further chemical processing once they’re pumped out of the tank.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Bio-inspired collective analog computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I present electronic circuit systems that mimic collective analog com- putation found in biology. By combining the advantages of analog and digital computation, these systems can lead to highly complex, ...

Woo, Sung Sik, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Bio-Inspired Materials: Mechanics and Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2012 ... 11:20 AM Phase Field Model of Fracture for Inhomogeneous Materials: Mark Jhon1; Qian Xiao Li1; 1Institute of High Performance Computing

52

Bio-inspired Polymers for Nanoscience Research  

the kinetics and thermodynamics of folding polymer chains into stable tertiary structures are still not fully understood. Thus, ...

53

Bio-Inspired Materials: Implants and Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2012 ... A series of unconventional approaches are under development at Michigan Technological University which aim to screen candidate materials ...

54

Bio-inspiration: learning creative design principia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reusing or modifying known design concepts cannot meet new challenges facing engineering systems. However, engineers can find inspiration outside their traditional domains in order to develop novel design concepts. The key to progress and knowledge acquisition ...

Tomasz Arciszewski; Joanna Cornell

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Fuels from Water, CO2, and Solar Energy Prof. Aldo Steinfeld  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuels from Water, CO2, and Solar Energy Prof. Aldo Steinfeld Department of Mechanical and Process fuels make use of concentrated solar radiation as the energy source of high-temperature process heat Engineering, ETH Zurich, Switzerland and Solar Technology Laboratory, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland

Ponce, V. Miguel

56

Solar Thermal Energy Storage Device: Hybrid Nanostructures for High-Energy-Density Solar Thermal Fuels  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: MIT is developing a thermal energy storage device that captures energy from the sun; this energy can be stored and released at a later time when it is needed most. Within the device, the absorption of sunlight causes the solar thermal fuel’s photoactive molecules to change shape, which allows energy to be stored within their chemical bonds. A trigger is applied to release the stored energy as heat, where it can be converted into electricity or used directly as heat. The molecules would then revert to their original shape, and can be recharged using sunlight to begin the process anew. MIT’s technology would be 100% renewable, rechargeable like a battery, and emissions-free. Devices using these solar thermal fuels—called Hybrisol—can also be used without a grid infrastructure for applications such as de-icing, heating, cooking, and water purification.

None

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

Solar Reforming of Carbon Dioxide to Produce Diesel Fuel  

SciTech Connect

This project focused on the demonstration of an innovative technology, referred to as the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer, which utilizes waste CO2 as a feedstock for the efficient and economical production of synthetic diesel fuel using solar thermal energy as the primary energy input. The Sunexus technology employs a two stage process for the conversion of CO2 to diesel fuel. A solar reforming system, including a specially designed reactor and proprietary CO2 reforming catalyst, was developed and used to convert captured CO2 rich gas streams into syngas (primarily hydrogen and carbon monoxide) using concentrated solar energy at high conversion efficiencies. The second stage of the system (which has been demonstrated under other funding) involves the direct conversion of the syngas into synthetic diesel fuel using a proprietary catalyst (Terra) previously developed and validated by Pacific Renewable Fuels and Chemicals (PRFC). The overall system energy efficiency for conversion of CO2 to diesel fuel is 74%, due to the use of solar energy. The results herein describe modeling, design, construction, and testing of the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer. Extensive parametric testing of the solar reformer and candidate catalysts was conducted and chemical kinetic models were developed. Laboratory testing of the Solar Reformer was successfully completed using various gas mixtures, temperatures, and gas flow rates/space velocities to establish performance metrics which can be employed for the design of commercial plants. A variety of laboratory tests were conducted including dry reforming (CO2 and CH{sub 4}), combination dry/steam reforming (CO2, CH{sub 4} & H{sub 2}O), and tri-reforming (CO2, CH{sub 4}, H{sub 2}O & O{sub 2}). CH{sub 4} and CO2 conversions averaged 95-100% and 50-90% per reformer cycle, respectively, depending upon the temperatures and gas space velocities. No formation of carbon deposits (coking) on the catalyst was observed in any of these tests. A 16 ft. diameter, concentrating solar dish was modified to accommodate the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer and the integrated system was installed at the Pacific Renewable Fuels and Chemicals test site at McClellan, CA. Several test runs were conducted without catalyst during which the ceramic heat exchanger in the Sunexus Solar Reformer reached temperatures between 1,050 F (566 C) and 2,200 F (1,204 C) during the test period. A dry reforming mixture of CO2/CH{sub 4} (2.0/1.0 molar ratio) was chosen for all of the tests on the integrated solar dish/catalytic reformer during December 2010. Initial tests were carried out to determine heat transfer from the collimated solar beam to the catalytic reactor. The catalyst was operated successfully at a steady-state temperature of 1,125 F (607 C), which was sufficient to convert 35% of the 2/1 CO2/CH{sub 4} mixture to syngas. This conversion efficiency confirmed the results from laboratory testing of this catalyst which provided comparable syngas production efficiencies (40% at 1,200 F [650 C]) with a resulting syngas composition of 20% CO, 16% H{sub 2}, 39% CO2 and 25% CH{sub 4}. As based upon the laboratory results, it is predicted that 90% of the CO2 will be converted to syngas in the solar reformer at 1,440 F (782 C) resulting in a syngas composition of 50% CO: 43% H{sub 2}: 7% CO2: 0% CH{sub 4}. Laboratory tests show that the higher catalyst operating temperature of 1,440 F (782 C) for efficient conversion of CO2 can certainly be achieved by optimizing solar reactor heat transfer, which would result in the projected 90% CO2-to-syngas conversion efficiencies. Further testing will be carried out during 2011, through other funding support, to further optimize the solar dish CO2 reformer. Additional studies carried out in support of this project and described in this report include: (1) An Assessment of Potential Contaminants in Captured CO2 from Various Industrial Processes and Their Possible Effect on Sunexus CO2 Reforming Catalysts; (2) Recommended Measurement Methods for Assessing Contaminant Levels in Captured CO2 Streams; (3) An Asse

Dennis Schuetzle; Robert Schuetzle

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Approaches to Future Generation Photovoltaics and Solar Fuels: Quantum Dots, Arrays, and Quantum Dot Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One potential, long-term approach to more efficient and lower cost future generation solar cells for solar electricity and solar fuels is to utilize the unique properties of quantum dots (QDs) to control the relaxation pathways of excited states to enhance multiple exciton generation (MEG). We have studied MEG in close-packed PbSe QD arrays where the QDs are electronically coupled in the films and thus exhibit good transport while still maintaining quantization and MEG. We have developed simple, all-inorganic solution-processable QD solar cells that produce large short-circuit photocurrents and power conversion efficiencies above 5% via nanocrystalline p-n junctions. These solar cells show QYs for photocurrent that exceed 100% in the photon energy regions where MEG is possible; the photocurrent MEG QYs as a function of photon energy match those determined via time-resolved spectroscopy Recent analyses of the major effect of MEG combined with solar concentration on the conversion efficiency of solar cells will also be discussed.

Semonin, O.; Luther, J.; Beard, M.; Johnson, J.; Gao, J.; Nozik, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Solar Thermochemical Fuels Production: Solar Thermochemical Fuel Production via a Novel Lowe Pressure, Magnetically Stabilized, Non-volatile Iron Oxide Looping Process  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: The University of Florida is developing a windowless high-temperature chemical reactor that converts concentrated solar thermal energy to syngas, which can be used to produce gasoline. The overarching project goal is lowering the cost of the solar thermochemical production of syngas for clean and synthetic hydrocarbon fuels like petroleum. The team will develop processes that rely on water and recycled CO2 as the sole feed-stock, and concentrated solar radiation as the sole energy source, to power the reactor to produce fuel efficiently. Successful large-scale deployment of this solar thermochemical fuel production could substantially improve our national and economic security by replacing imported oil with domestically produced solar fuels.

None

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

60

Solar fuels : integration of molecular catalysts with p-type semiconductor photocathode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philosophy, University of California, San Diego PUBLICATIONSUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Solar fuels: IntegrationChair University of California, San Diego iii DEDICATION

Kumar, Bhupendra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Photo of the Week: Converting Solar Energy into Fuel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Converting Solar Energy into Fuel Converting Solar Energy into Fuel Photo of the Week: Converting Solar Energy into Fuel May 9, 2013 - 1:13pm Addthis In this photo, Brookhaven scientist Dmitry Polyansky examines a vial containing a specialized catalyst designed to help convert solar energy into fuel. Producing clean-burning hydrogen fuel from just sunlight and water requires custom-built catalysts for water oxidation -- the part of the water-splitting process that generates oxygen atoms. A tiny amount of the solid catalyst, developed in collaboration with the University of Houston, dissolves and turns the water that lovely shade of blue. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. In this photo, Brookhaven scientist Dmitry Polyansky examines a vial containing a specialized catalyst designed to help convert solar energy

62

Bio-Inspiration and Bio-Inspired Materials II: Soft Biomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2011 ... Fabrication of a Cellulosic Nanocomposite Scaffold with Improved Supermolecular Structure as a Potential Cardiovascular Tissue-Engineered ...

63

Applications of Metal Oxide Materials in Dye Sensitized Photoelectrosynthesis Cells for Making Solar Fuels: Let the Molecules do the Work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar fuels hold great promise as a permanent, environmentally friendly, long-term renewable energy source, that would be readily available across the globe. In this account, an approach to solar fuels is described based on Dye Sensitized Photoelectrosynthesis Cells (DSPEC) that mimic the configuration used in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC), but with the goal of producing oxygen and a high energy solar fuel in the separate compartments of a photoelectrochemical cell rather than a photopotential and photocurrent.

Alibabaei, Leila; Luo, Hanlin; House, Ralph L.; Hoertz, Paul G.; Lopez, Rene; Meyer, Thomas J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators Preprint D. Lew and G. Brinkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory N. Kumar, P. Besuner, D. Agan, and S. Lefton Intertek...

65

NREL and SkyFuel Partnership Reflects Bright Future for Solar ...  

Solar power has been nipping at the heels of fossil fuels for decades, but hasn't yet found a way to be cost-competitive on a large scale. Skip to Content.

66

Fuel from the Sky: Solar Power's Potential for Western Energy Supply  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A reliable and affordable supply of electricity is essential to protect public health and safety and to sustain a vigorous economy in the West. Renewable energy in the form of wind or solar provides one of the means of meeting the demand for power while minimizing adverse impacts on the environment, increasing fuel diversity, and hedging against fuel price volatility. Concentrating solar power (CSP) is the most efficient and cost-effective way to generate electricity from the sun. Hundreds of megawatts of CSP solar-generating capacity could be brought on-line within a few years and make a meaningful contribution to the energy needs of the West.

Leitner, A.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Turning Bacteria into Fuel: Cyanobacteria Designed for Solar-Powered Highly Efficient Production of Biofuels  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: ASU is engineering a type of photosynthetic bacteria that efficiently produce fatty acids—a fuel precursor for biofuels. This type of bacteria, called Synechocystis, is already good at converting solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) into a type of fatty acid called lauric acid. ASU has modified the organism so it continuously converts sunlight and CO2 into fatty acids—overriding its natural tendency to use solar energy solely for cell growth and maximizing the solar-to-fuel conversion process. ASU’s approach is different because most biofuels research focuses on increasing cellular biomass and not on excreting fatty acids. The project has also identified a unique way to convert the harvested lauric acid into a fuel that can be easily blended with existing transportation fuels.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Reduced Temperature Range for the Solar To Fuel Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Active Titania-Based Nanoparticles for Composite Propellant Combustion ... of Novel Nanostructured Electrolytes for Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells ...

69

Rough cost estimates of solar thermal/coal or biomass-derived fuels. [Hybrid approach: solar thermal plus either coal or biomass  

SciTech Connect

The production of a synthetic fuel from a solar thermal resource could provide a means of replacing critical liquid and gaseous fossil fuels. The solar thermal resource is large and economics favors a southwestern site. A synthetic fuel would provide a desirable product and a means of transporting solar thermal energy to large load centers outside the southwest. This paper presents cost data for one method of producing synthetic methane. A hybrid approach was chosen, a combination of solar thermal and either coal or biomass. The magnitude of the solar thermal resource is estimated as well as projected cost. Cost projections for coal and biomass are accumulated. The cost of synthetic gas from a hybrid and a conventional fuel source are compared.

Copeland, R. J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Integration and Optimization of Trigeneration Systems with Solar Energy, Biofuels, Process Heat and Fossil Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The escalating energy prices and the increasing environmental impact posed by the industrial usage of energy have spurred industry to adopt various approaches to conserving energy and mitigating negative environmental impact. This work aims at developing a systematic approach to integrate solar energy into industrial processes to drive thermal energy transfer systems producing power, cool, and heat. Solar energy is needed to be integrated with other different energy sources (biofuels, fossil fuels, process waste heat) to guarantee providing a stable energy supply, as industrial process energy sources must be a stable and reliable system. The thermal energy transform systems (turbines, refrigerators, heat exchangers) must be selected and designed carefully to provide the energy demand at the different forms (heat, cool, power). This dissertation introduces optimization-based approaches to address the following problems: • Design of cogeneration systems with solar and fossil systems • Design and integration of solar-biofuel-fossil cogeneration systems • Design of solar-assisted absorption refrigeration systems and integration with the processing facility • Development of thermally-coupled dual absorption refrigeration systems, and • Design of solar-assisted trigeneration systems Several optimization formulations are introduced to provide methodical and systematic techniques to solve the aforementioned problems. The approach is also sequenced into interacting steps. First, heat integration is carried out to minimize industrial heating and cooling utilities. Different forms of external-energy sources (e.g., solar, biofuel, fossil fuel) are screened and selected. To optimize the cost and to overcome the dynamic fluctuation of the solar energy and biofuel production systems, fossil fuel is used to supplement the renewable forms of energy. An optimization approach is adopted to determine the optimal mix of energy forms (fossil, bio fuels, and solar) to be supplied to the process, the system specifications, and the scheduling of the system operation. Several case studies are solved to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the devised procedure. The results show that solar trigeneration systems have higher overall performance than the solar thermal power plants. Integrating the absorption refrigerators improves the energy usage and it provides the process by its cooling demand. Thermal coupling of the dual absorption refrigerators increases the coefficient of performance up to 33 percent. Moreover, the process is provided by two cooling levels.

Tora, Eman

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Contribution of chemistry to energy. [Fuels from coal; solar energy storage/conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chemistry has contributed in many ways to energy production and conversion in the fossil fuel era. The challenges facing chemists and chemical engineers as we look forward to the 21st Century are addressed. This paper discusses some of the means that can be employed to meet this challenge both in the near-term and long-term, particularly alternate fuels from coal and solar energy storage and conversion. A leading candidate for an energy supply medium is hydrogen; implementing this concept may well be the greatest challenge faced by chemists as we leave the age of fossil fuels and enter the era of renewable energy. (DLC)

Cox, K.E.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High penetrations of wind and solar power will impact the operations of the remaining generators on the power system. Regional integration studies have shown that wind and solar may cause fossil-fueled generators to cycle on and off and ramp down to part load more frequently and potentially more rapidly. Increased cycling, deeper load following, and rapid ramping may result in wear-and-tear impacts on fossil-fueled generators that lead to increased capital and maintenance costs, increased equivalent forced outage rates, and degraded performance over time. Heat rates and emissions from fossil-fueled generators may be higher during cycling and ramping than during steady-state operation. Many wind and solar integration studies have not taken these increased cost and emissions impacts into account because data have not been available. This analysis considers the cost and emissions impacts of cycling and ramping of fossil-fueled generation to refine assessments of wind and solar impacts on the power system.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Agan, D.; Lefton, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Optimal design and integration of solar systems and fossil fuels for process cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the fluctuations in incident solar power, outlet power also changes over time (e.g., on an hourly basis or seasonally). If there is a need for a stable power outlet, there are options towards a steady state output of the system. This work is aimed at the development of systematic design procedures for two solar-based power generation strategies. The first is integration of fossil-fuel with the solar system to provide a compensation effect (power backup to supplement the power main source from solar energy). The second is the use of thermal energy storage (TES) systems to save solar energy in a thermal form and use it when solar input decreases. A common TES configuration is the two-tank system which allows the use of the collector heat transfer fluid (HTF) as a storing medium. For the two tanks, one tank has the hot medium (e.g., a molten salt) and the second has the cold storage media. Specifically, the following design challenges are addressed: 1. What is the optimal mix of energy forms to be supplied to the process? 2. What are the optimal scenario and integration mode to deliver the selected energy forms? How should they be integrated among themselves and with the process? 3. What is the optimal design of the energy systems? 4. What is the optimal dynamic strategy for operating the various energy systems? 5. What is the feasibility of using thermal energy storage to this optimum fossil fuel system? The developed procedure includes gathering and generation of relevant solar and climatic data, modeling of the various components of the solar, fossil, and power generation systems, and optimization of several aspects of the hybrid system. A case study is solved to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the devised procedure.

Tora, Eman Abdel-Hakim Aly Mohamed

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Fuels and chemicals made from solar energy. Options for the 1990's and beyond  

SciTech Connect

The concept and feasibility of using solar thermal systems to produce gaseous and liquid fuels and feedstocks from non-renewable resources such as coal, lignite, and peat and from renewable resources such as water and waste organic materials are discussed. Some of the commercially important reactions now being considered as candidates for solar thermal technology are mentioned including synthesis gas production, shale oil processing, decomposition of water, ammonia production, styrene manufacture, and inorganic chemicals processes. DOE research programs in this area are briefly discussed. (WHK)

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Fuels and chemicals made from solar energy. Options for the 1990's and beyond  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The concept and feasibility of using solar thermal systems to produce gaseous and liquid fuels and feedstocks from non-renewable resources such as coal, lignite, and peat and from renewable resources such as water and waste organic materials are discussed. Some of the commercially important reactions now being considered as candidates for solar thermal technology are mentioned including synthesis gas production, shale oil processing, decomposition of water, ammonia production, styrene manufacture, and inorganic chemicals processes. DOE research programs in this area are briefly discussed. (WHK)

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Solar turbines perspective on advanced fuel cell/gas turbine systems  

SciTech Connect

Solar Turbines Inc. has a vested interest in integrating gas turbines and high-temperature fuel cells(eg, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)). Approach is to develop more efficient recuperated engines, which would be followed by more efficient intercooled and recuperated engines and finally by a humid air turbine cycle system. This engine system would be capable of providing efficiencies on the order of 60% with potentially low exhaust emissions. Because of possible fossil fuel shortages and severe CO{sub 2} emissions regulations, Solar adopted an alternative approach in the development of high efficiency machines; it involves combining SOFCs with recuperated gas turbines. Preliminary results show that the performance of TCPS (Tandem Cycle Unified Power System) is much better than expected, especially the efficiency. Costs are acceptable for the introductory models, and with full production, cost reductions will make the system competitive with all future energy conversion systems of the same power output. Despite the problems that must be overcome in creating a viable control system, it is believed that they are solvable. The efficiency of TCPS would be synergetic, ie, higher than either fuel cell or gas turbine alone.

White, D.J.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

77

Bio-Inspired Multi-Layered Nanocomposites Synthesized with High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural Competition and Phase Transformations in Binary Ti-Nb Alloys for Biomedical Applications · Structure and Fracture Resistance of Armored Fish Scales.

78

A bio-inspired active radio-frequency silicon cochlea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast wideband spectrum analysis is expensive in power and hardware resources. We show that the spectrum-analysis architecture used by the biological cochlea is extremely efficient: analysis time, power and hardware usage ...

Sarpeshkar, Rahul

79

Biological and Bio-Inspired Materials I: Hard Biomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Mechanical Behavior of a Cellulose-Based Scaffold in Vascular Tissue .... The new developments and studies of surface modifications are ...

80

Overcoming the Brittleness of Glass through Bio-inspiration and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The micro-cracks, positioned along specific surfaces within the material, coalesce ... Catalysts by Using the Metal Ion-reducing Bacterium Shewanella Algae.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Multidirectional Physarum Solver: an Innovative Bio-inspired ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 25, 2013 ... http://cms.mecheng.strath.ac.uk/t4/cmsstaffprofile.asp?id=214 ... world is increasing due to exponentially growth of easily accessible information ...

82

Bio-inspired mechanical strengthening of single crystals of calcite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microbial synthesis and fabrication of palladium nanoparticle catalysts by using the metal ion-reducing bacterium Shewanella algae · Micromechanical ...

83

A distributed bio-inspired method for multisite grid mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational grids assemble multisite and multiowner resources and represent the most promising solutions for processing distributed computationally intensive applications, each composed by a collection of communicating tasks. The execution of an application ...

I. De Falco; A. Della Cioppa; U. Scafuri; E. Tarantino

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Bio-inspired nanocomposite assemblies as smart skin components.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is national interest in the development of sophisticated materials that can automatically detect and respond to chemical and biological threats without the need for human intervention. In living systems, cell membranes perform such functions on a routine basis, detecting threats, communicating with the cell, and triggering automatic responses such as the opening and closing of ion channels. The purpose of this project was to learn how to replicate simple threat detection and response functions within artificial membrane systems. The original goals toward developing 'smart skin' assemblies included: (1) synthesizing functionalized nanoparticles to produce electrochemically responsive systems within a lipid bilayer host matrices, (2) calculating the energetics of nanoparticle-lipid interactions and pore formation, and (3) determining the mechanism of insertion of nanoparticles in lipid bilayers via imaging and electrochemistry. There are a few reports of the use of programmable materials to open and close pores in rigid hosts such as mesoporous materials using either heat or light activation. However, none of these materials can regulate themselves in response to the detection of threats. The strategies we investigated in this project involve learning how to use programmable nanomaterials to automatically eliminate open channels within a lipid bilayer host when 'threats' are detected. We generated and characterized functionalized nanoparticles that can be used to create synthetic pores through the membrane and investigated methods of eliminating the pores either through electrochemistry, change in pH, etc. We also focused on characterizing the behavior of functionalized gold NPs in different lipid membranes and lipid vesicles and coupled these results to modeling efforts designed to gain an understanding of the interaction of nanoparticles within lipid assemblies.

Montano, Gabriel A.; Xiao, Xiaoyin; Achyuthan, Komandoor E.; Allen, Amy; Brozik, Susan Marie; Edwards, Thayne L.; Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile; Wheeler, David Roger

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Bio-inspired Materials Design and Processing I: Macromolecular ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010 ... With the recent developments of nanoscale engineering in physical and chemical sciences and the advances in molecular biology, molecular ...

86

Bio-inspired Materials Design and Processing II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 15, 2010 ... Program Organizers: John Nychka, University of Alberta; Jamie ... Ding Li2; Fuqian Yang2; 1University of Alberta; 2University of Kentucky

87

Biological and Bio-Inspired Materials III: Soft Biomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012... Impact Loading: Marius Ellingsen1; Deepthi Saini1; Karim Muci-Küchler1; Brandon Hinz1; 1South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

88

High Efficiency Generation of Hydrogen Fuels Using Solar Thermochemical Splitting of Water  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to identify economically feasible concepts for the production of hydrogen from water using solar energy. The ultimate project objective was to select one or more competitive concepts for pilot-scale demonstration using concentrated solar energy. Results of pilot scale plant performance would be used as foundation for seeking public and private resources for full-scale plant development and testing. Economical success in this venture would afford the public with a renewable and limitless source of energy carrier for use in electric power load-leveling and as a carbon-free transportation fuel. The Solar Hydrogen Generation Research (SHGR) project embraces technologies relevant to hydrogen research under the Office of Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technology (HFCIT) as well as concentrated solar power under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Although the photoelectrochemical work is aligned with HFCIT, some of the technologies in this effort are also consistent with the skills and technologies found in concentrated solar power and photovoltaic technology under the Office of Solar Energy Technologies (SET). Hydrogen production by thermo-chemical water-splitting is a chemical process that accomplishes the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen using only heat or a combination of heat and electrolysis instead of pure electrolysis and meets the goals for hydrogen production using only water and renewable solar energy as feed-stocks. Photoelectrochemical hydrogen production also meets these goals by implementing photo-electrolysis at the surface of a semiconductor in contact with an electrolyte with bias provided by a photovoltaic source. Here, water splitting is a photo-electrolytic process in which hydrogen is produced using only solar photons and water as feed-stocks. The thermochemical hydrogen task engendered formal collaborations among two universities, three national laboratories and two private sector entities. The photoelectrochemical hydrogen task included formal collaborations with three universities and one national laboratory. The formal participants in these two tasks are listed above. Informal collaborations in both projects included one additional university (the University of Nevada, Reno) and two additional national laboratories (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory).

Heske, Clemens; Moujaes, Samir; Weimer, Alan; Wong, Bunsen; Siegal, Nathan; McFarland, Eric; Miller, Eric; Lewis, Michele; Bingham, Carl; Roth, Kurth; Sabacky, Bruce; Steinfeld, Aldo

2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Solar fuels and chemicals system design study (ammonia/nitric acid production process). Volume 2. Conceptual design. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the Solar Central Receiver Fuels and Chemicals Program, Foster Wheeler Solar Development Corporation (FWSDC), under contract to Sandia National Laboratories-Livermore (SNLL), developed a conceptual design of a facility to produce ammonia and nitric acid using solar energy as the principal external source of process heat. In the selected process, ammonia is produced in an endothermic reaction within a steam methane (natural gas) reformer. The heat of reaction is provided by molten carbonate salt heated by both a solar central receiver and an exothermic ammonia-fired heater. After absorption by water, the product of the latter reaction is nitric acid.

Not Available

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Assessment of fuels and chemicals production using solar thermal energy. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study investigated the technical and economic viability of a wide range of potentially market-dominating solar thermal fuels and chemicals (S/T-F/C) system concepts. The current market-dominating fuels and chemical processes were reviewed to identify those appearing to have the greatest potential for successful integration with a solar thermal heat source. In addition, advanced concepts (e.g., coal gasification, oil shale, etc.) were examined. Based upon that initial screening, systems felt to be a representative cross-section of possible S/T-F/C systems were selected for further study. For each of those systems (e.g., steam reforming of natural gas, oil shale retorting, etc.), a case-study type examination was made to estimate plant costs, operational performance, technical difficulties, and financial characteristics (e.g., return on investment). More advanced systems (such as thermochemical hydrogen production) which are not sufficiently well defined at present to permit a case-study examination were also evaluated, but in a qualitative fashion.

Not Available

1982-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

91

2007 Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels Gordon Research Conference - January 21-26  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to brings together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The ''grand challenge'' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source.

Daniel G. Nocera

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

BISfuel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BISfuel BISfuel Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers BISfuel Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production Director(s): Devens Gust Lead Institution: Arizona State University Mission: To construct a complete system for solar-powered production of hydrogen fuel via water splitting. Design principles are drawn from the fundamental concepts that underlie photosynthetic energy conversion. Research Topics: catalysis (homogeneous), catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), bio-inspired, hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly)

93

Materials technology assessment of high-temperature solar receivers for fuels and chemicals production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current interest in using solar thermal energy to produce fuels and chemicals has prompted an assessment of materials technology for five proposed designs of solar receivers. The principal process of interest is water splitting. Reaction schemes considered involve the high-temperature decomposition of sulfuric acid, and silicon carbide is the structural ceramic material usually considered most resistant to the conditions of this reaction. Hence we have assessed the fabricability of the designs from SiC for that reaction system, even though most designs envision use with air, helium, or nitrogen as a heat transfer medium. Honeycomb and hemispherical dome receivers have been fabricated from SiC. A receiver using planar coiled tubes has been fabricated from cordierite but not from SiC. Fabrication has not been demonstrated for helical coil and long tube designs. The last three of these should be fabricable with up to two years development. All lack the ultimate test: operational experience. The need for relable seals is common to all designs. Metallic gaskets are subject to corrosion, and ceramic and mechanical seals have not been demonstrated for the anticipated thermal cycling.

Tiegs, T.N.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

New applications of high-temperature solar energy for the production of transportable fuels and chemicals and for energy storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The solar fuels and chemicals study was limited to the examination of processes requiring temperatures in excess of 1000/sup 0/K since lower temperature processes had already been examined in studies concerned with the application of waste heat from nuclear power plants to industrial processes. In developing the carbon cycle processes, the primary activity included an extensive literature search and the thermodynamic evaluation of a number of candidate chemical cycles. Although both hydrogen and carbon closed- and open-loop chemical cycles were studied, it was concluded that the carbon cycles offered sufficient additional potential to warrant concentrating on them in subsequent work. The section on new ideas for transportable fuels presents the elements of a new concept for a carbon cycle recovery technique to produce transportable fuels. The elements discussed are sources of carbon dioxide, solar energy reduction of CO/sub 2/, potential carbon cycles, and use of carbon monoxide as fuel and feedstocks. Another section presents some new concepts for the use of high-temperature solar energy in the production of essential materials and for closed-loop chemical storage, as well as for the production of hydrogen as a fuel and open-loop applications. Potential problem areas pertinent to solar-derived fuels and chemicals have been identified. These problems are primarily associated with the limited high temperature experience in industry and include materials compatibility, separation of reaction products, development of solid electrolytes and high-temperature electrodes, selective emission of receiver coatings at high temperature, and a lack of chemical kinetics data, and high-temperature thermodynamic data.

Not Available

1979-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

95

Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) leads a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies that will make solar...

96

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP): DOE's Solar Fuels Energy Innovation Hub (2011 EFRC Summit)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is a DOE Energy Innovation Hub focused on fuels from sunlight. JCAP's Director, Nate Lewis, spoke at the 2011 EFRC Summit about what JCAP is and how it is partnering with the EFRC community to accelerate the progress towards new solar fuels. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several “grand challenges” and use-inspired “basic research needs” recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Lewis, Nate (Director, Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis and Professor at Caltech)

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

97

Benefits analysis for the production of fuels and chemicals using solar thermal energy. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerous possibilities exist for using high temperature solar thermal energy in the production of various chemicals and fuels (Sun Fuels). Research and development activities have focused on the use of feedstocks such as coal and biomass to provide synthesis gas, hydrogen, and a variety of other end-products. A Decision Analysis technique geared to the analysis of Sun Fuels options was developed. Conventional scoring methods were combined with multi-attribute utility analysis in a new approach called the Multi-Attribute Preference Scoring (MAPS) system. MAPS calls for the designation of major categories of attributes which describe critical elements of concern for the processes being examined. The six major categories include: Process Demonstration; Full-Scale Process, Feedstock; End-Product Market; National/Social Considerations; and Economics. MAPS calls for each attribute to be weighted on a simple scale for all of the candidate processes. Next, a weight is assigned to each attribute, thus creating a multiplier to be used with each individual value to derive a comparative weighting. Last, each of the categories of attributes themselves are weighted, thus creating another multiplier, for use in developing an overall score. With sufficient information and industry input, each process can be ultimately compared using a single figure of merit. After careful examination of available information, it was decided that only six of the 20 candidate processes were adequately described to allow a complete MAPS analysis which would allow direct comparisons for illustrative purposes. These six processes include three synthesis gas processes, two hydrogen and one ammonia. The remaining fourteen processes were subjected to only a partial MAPS assessment.

None

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Microbial Fuel Cells -Solar Times http://solar.rain-barrel.net/microbial-fuel-cells/ 1 of 3 6/28/2006 11:32 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a microbial fuel cell that digests wastes, instantly producing electricity. Just take a look at Dr. EmittCell.com Hydrogen Fuel Cells Buy Commercial & Educational Stacks PEM, Fuel Cell Generators & More! www a battery that generates electricity from deep sea composting micro-organisms that just love to break down

Lovley, Derek

99

Energy Basics: Fuel Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydrogen Fuel Fuel Cells Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Fuel Cells Photo of...

100

Energy Basics: Hydrogen Fuel  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydrogen Fuel Fuel Cells Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Hydrogen Fuel Hydrogen...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar fuels : integration of molecular catalysts with p-type semiconductor photocathode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

multi junction photovoltaic cell which can generate agrown Silicon nanowires photovoltaic cell with solid/liquidH. Fundamentals of solar cells : photovoltaic solar energy

Kumar, Bhupendra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 5012a: Well-to-Wheels Analyses for Solar and Wind Hydrogen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record Record #: 5012a Date: December 21, 2005 Title: Well-to-Wheels Analyses for Solar & Wind Hydrogen Production Originator: Roxanne Garland Approved by: JoAnn Milliken Date: January 6, 2006 Item: This record explains the basis for the differences between the analyses of well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions conducted via Argonne National Laboratory's GREET Model, cited in the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar and Wind Technologies for Hydrogen Production Report to Congress, 1 and those conducted by the National Research Council, cited in the report The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs. 2 Well-to-Wheels Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Argonne National

103

Regenerative fuel cells for High Altitude Long Endurance Solar Powered Aircraft  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) unmanned missions appear to be feasible using a lightweight, high efficiency, span-loaded, Solar Powered Aircraft (SPA) which includes a Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) system and novel tankage for energy storage. An existing flightworthy electric powered flying wing design was modified to incorporate present and near-term technologies in energy storage, power electronics, aerodynamics, and guidance and control in order to design philosophy was to work with vendors to identify affordable near-term technological opportunities that could be applied to existing designs in order to reduce weight, increase reliability, and maintain adequate efficiency of components for delivery within 18 months. The energy storage subsystem for a HALE SPA is a key driver for the entire vehicle because it can represent up to half of the vehicle weight and most missions of interest require the specific energy to be considerably higher than 200 W-hr/kg for many cycles. This stringent specific energy requirement precludes the use of rechargeable batteries or flywheels and suggests examination of various RFC designs. An RFC system using lightweight tankage, a single fuel cell (FC) stack, and a single electrolyzer (EC) stack separated by the length of a spar segment (up to 39 ft), has specific energy of {approximately}300 W-hr/kg with 45% efficiency, which is adequate for HALE SPA requirements. However, this design has complexity and weight penalties associated with thermal management, electrical wiring, plumbing, and structural weight. A more elegant solution is to use unitized RFC stacks (reversible stacks that act as both FCs and ECs) because these systems have superior specific energy, scale to smaller systems more favorably, and have intrinsically simpler thermal management.

Mitlitsky, F.; Colella, N.J.; Myers, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Anderson, C.J. [Aero Vironment, Inc., Monrovia, CA (United States)

1993-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

104

Impact of Solar Control PVB Glass on Vehicle Interior Temperatures, Air-Conditioning Capacity, Fuel Consumption, and Vehicle Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the study was to assess the impact of Saflex1 S-series Solar Control PVB (polyvinyl butyral) configurations on conventional vehicle fuel economy and electric vehicle (EV) range. The approach included outdoor vehicle thermal soak testing, RadTherm cool-down analysis, and vehicle simulations. Thermal soak tests were conducted at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility in Golden, Colorado. The test results quantified interior temperature reductions and were used to generate initial conditions for the RadTherm cool-down analysis. The RadTherm model determined the potential reduction in air-conditioning (A/C) capacity, which was used to calculate the A/C load for the vehicle simulations. The vehicle simulation tool identified the potential reduction in fuel consumption or improvement in EV range between a baseline and modified configurations for the city and highway drive cycles. The thermal analysis determined a potential 4.0% reduction in A/C power for the Saflex Solar PVB solar control configuration. The reduction in A/C power improved the vehicle range of EVs and fuel economy of conventional vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

Rugh, J.; Chaney, L.; Venson, T.; Ramroth, L.; Rose, M.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In determining that the use of solar energy "can help reduce the nation's reliance upon imported fuels," Georgia encourages the development of solar-energy systems. Accordingly, under Georgia's...

106

The Medium Matters | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

as other biomimetic energy applications including bio-inspired synthetic membranes for solar energy captureconversion. Contact Atul Parikh University of California at Davis...

107

ANSER | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANSER ANSER Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers ANSER Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER) Center Director(s): Michael R. Wasielewski Lead Institution: Northwestern University Mission: To revolutionize our understanding of molecules, materials and methods necessary to create dramatically more efficient technologies for solar fuels and electricity production. Research Topics: catalysis (homogeneous), catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), bio-inspired, hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, defects, charge transport, spin dynamics, membrane, materials and chemistry by design, optics,

108

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Easements In determining that the use of solar energy "can help reduce the nation's reliance upon imported fuels," Georgia encourages the development of solar-energy systems....

109

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Green Energy Program Incentives Delaware's municipal utilities provide incentives for solar photovoltaic (PV), solar thermal, wind, geothermal, and fuel cell systems installed...

110

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polyansky examines a vial containing a specialized catalyst designed to help convert solar energy into fuel. Producing clean-burning hydrogen fuel from just sunlight and water...

111

Design of a power management model for a solar/fuel cell hybrid energy system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis proposes a Power Management Model (PMM) for optimization of several green power generation systems. A Photovoltaic/Fuel cell Hybrid Energy System (PFHES) consisting of… (more)

Melendez, Rosana.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Transpired Solar Collector - Energy Innovation Portal  

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; Industrial Technologies; Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; ... including laser perforating or hot ...

113

Technical Potential of Solar Water Heating to Reduce Fossil Fuel Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Use of solar water heating (SWH) in the United States grew significantly in the late 1970s and early 1980s, as a result of increasing energy prices and generous tax credits. Since 1985, however, expiration of federal tax credits and decreased energy prices have virtually eliminated the U.S. market for SWH. More recently, increases in energy prices, concerns regarding emissions of greenhouse gases, and improvements in SWH systems have created new interest in the potential of this technology. SWH, which uses the sun to heat water directly or via a heat-transfer fluid in a collector, may be particularly important in its ability to reduce natural gas use. Dependence on natural gas as an energy resource in the United States has significantly increased in the past decade, along with increased prices, price volatility, and concerns about sustainability and security of supply. One of the readily deployable technologies available to decrease use of natural gas is solar water heating. This report provides an overview of the technical potential of solar water heating to reduce fossil fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions in U.S. residential and commercial buildings.

Denholm, P.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Goals > Fuels Goals > Fuels XMAT for nuclear fuels XMAT is ideally suited to explore all of the radiation processes experienced by nuclear fuels.The high energy, heavy ion accleration capability (e.g., 250 MeV U) can produce bulk damage deep in the sample, achieving neutron type depths (~10 microns), beyond the range of surface sputtering effects. The APS X-rays are well matched to the ion beams, and are able to probe individual grains at similar penetrations depths. Damage rates to 25 displacements per atom per hour (DPA/hr), and doses >2500 DPA can be achieved. MORE» Fuels in LWRs are subjected to ~1 DPA per day High burn-up fuel can experience >2000 DPA. Traditional reactor tests by neutron irradiation require 3 years in a reactor and 1 year cool down. Conventional accelerators (>1 MeV/ion) are limited to <200-400 DPAs, and

115

Fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heavy-water-moderated, light-water-moderated and liquid-metal cooled fast breeder reactors fueled with natural or low-enriched uranium and containing thorium mixed with the uranium or in separate target channels. U-232 decays with a 69-year half-life through 1.9-year half-life Th-228 to Tl-208, which emits a 2.6 MeV gamma ray upon decay. We find that pressurized light-water-reactors fueled with LEU-thorium fuel at high burnup (70 MWd/kg) produce U-233 with U-232 contamination levels of about 0.4 percent. At this contamination level, a 5 kg sphere of U-233 would produce a gammaray dose rate of 13 and 38 rem/hr at 1 meter one and ten years after chemical purification respectively. The associated plutonium contains 7.5 percent of the undesirable heat-generating 88-year half-life isotope Pu-238. However, just as it is possible to produce weapon-grade plutonium in low-burnup fuel, it is also practical to use heavy-water reactors to produce U-233 containing only a few ppm of U-232 if the thorium is segregated in “target ” channels and discharged a few times more frequently than the natural-uranium “driver ” fuel. The dose rate from a 5-kg solid sphere of U-233 containing 5 ppm U-232 could be reduced by a further factor of 30, to about 2 mrem/hr, with a close-fitting lead sphere weighing about 100 kg. Thus the proliferation resistance of thorium fuel cycles depends very much upon how they are implemented. The original version of this manuscript was received by Science & Global Security on

Jungmin Kang A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Solar News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

News Solar News Bioenergy Buildings Geothermal Government Energy Management Homes Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Advanced Manufacturing Solar Vehicles Water Wind Blog Archive Recent News...

117

Residential Solar Thermal Power Plant  

Solar power is a renewable source of energy that involves no fossil fuel combustion, and releases no greenhouse gases. In the past, solar power has not been ...

118

Energy Basics: Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydrogen Fuel Fuel Cells Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Hydrogen and Fuel Cell...

119

CME | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

CME CME Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CME Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis Director(s): R. Morris Bullock Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mission: To understand, design and develop molecular electrocatalysts for solar fuel production and use. Research Topics: catalysis (homogeneous), catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), bio-inspired, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: metal Experimental and Theoretical Methods: X-ray diffraction and scattering, density functional theory (DFT), quantum

120

Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins, fuel savings and emission reductions Title Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins, fuel savings and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

List of Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Incentives Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 192 Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 192) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Utility Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Microturbines Municipal Solid Waste Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls

122

Solar '94: Technical papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Solar 94 Conference of the American Solar Energy Society met in San Jose, California to provide a forum for state-of-the-art work in all the solar technologies. The following topics were included in the proceedings: Photovoltaic Modules and Systems; Wind Energy; Solar Thermal Systems; Utility Programs; Solar Water Heating; Solar Fuels; Resource Assessment; Economics and Education. A total of 83 papers were indexed separately for the data base.

Burley, S.M.; Arden, M.E.; Campbell-Howe, R.; Wilkins-Crowder, B. (eds.)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Analysis of the California Solar Resource--Volume 3: Appendices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuel) they can obtain. Solar heating appears economicallysystems designing passive solar heating and cooling systemssystems f) passive solar heating and cooling systems B)

erdahl, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Renewable utility-scale electricity production differs by fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Total Energy.

125

RINs and RVOs are used to implement the Renewable Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ...

126

U.S. ethanol production and the Renewable Fuel Standard ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ...

127

The mix of fuels used for electricity generation in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... ...

128

A bio-inspired filtering framework for the EMG-based control of robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a great effort during the last decade towards building control interfaces for robots that are based on signals measured directly from the human body. In particular electromyographic (EMG) signals from skeletal ...

Artemiadis, Panagiotis

129

The Tubercles on Humpback Whales' Flippers: Application of Bio-Inspired Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

blades can increase generation of energy (Muller 2008). Field trails run on a 35 kW, variable-pitch wind by L. Howle (above left) and wind turbine (above right) utilizing leading-edge tubercles prototype wind turbine blade. BelleQuant Engineering, PLLC. Ingebrigtsen A. 1929. Whales caught in the North

Fish, Frank

130

Helping a bio-inspired tactile sensor system to focus on the essential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insects use their antennae (feelers) as near-range sensors for orientation, object localization and communication. This paper presents further developments for an approach for an active tactile sensor system. This includes a hardware construction as ... Keywords: FFT, acceleration measurement, active tactile sensing, dimension reduction, material classification, non-negative matrix factorization NMF, object localization

Sven Hellbach; Marc Otto; Volker Dürr

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Synthesis of Bio-inspired HAP/PLA Scaffolds by Freeze Casting and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... with polylactic acid (PLA) through vapor deposition polymerization (VDP). ... ultimate strength, and toughness, were evaluated by the compression tests.

132

Formal Modeling of BeeAdHoc: A Bio-inspired Mobile Ad Hoc ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design and development of routing protocols for Mobile Ad. Hoc Networks ... A typical graph is denoted by G(V,E) in which V is a set of vertices in the graph.

133

Bio-inspired tailored hydroxyapatite-based powder composites for dental applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scales are composed of plywood structure with collagendifferent layers to form the plywood structure. The diameterscales are composed of plywood structure with collagen

Lin, Yen-Shan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

BioConstructs : methods for bio-inspired and bio-fabricated design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents experimentation with design and fabrication methods, using biological systems either indirectly (as a source of inspiration and information for design) or directly (as a material production for fabrication). ...

Zolotovsky, Katia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Engineering bio-inspired microenvironments for stem cell proliferation and skeletal differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

while ice crystals nucleated from the aqueous phase (formedwhile ice crystals start nucleating from the aqueous phase.phase containing high concentration of reactants) and the nucleation of ice

Hwang, Yongsung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Incorporating Peptides in the Outer Coordination Sphere of Bio-inspired Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Four new cyclic 1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane ligands have been prepared and used to synthesize [Ni(PPh2NR2)2]2+ complexes in which R is a mono- or dipeptide. These complexes represent a first step in developing an outer coordination sphere for this class of complexes that can mimic the outer coordination sphere of the active sites of hydrogenase enzymes. Importantly, these complexes retain the electrocatalytic activity of the parent [Ni(PPh2NPh2)2]2+ complex in acetonitrile solution with turnover frequencies (TOF) for hydrogen production ranging from 14 to 25 s-1 in the presence of p-cyanoanilinium trifluoromethanesulphonic acid and 135-1000 s-1 in the presence of triflic acid salt of protonated dimethylformamide, with moderately low overpotentials, ~0.3 V. The addition of small amounts of water result in rate increases of 5-7 times. Unlike the parent complex, these complexes demonstrate dynamic structural transformations in solution whereby the dipeptide tail interacts with the nickel center. These results establish a building block from which larger peptide scaffolding can be added to allow the [Ni(PR2NR’2)2]2+ molecular catalytic core to begin to mimic the multifunctional outer coordination sphere of enzymes. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Jain, Avijita; Lense, Sheri; Linehan, John C.; Raugei, Simone; Cho, Herman M.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Shaw, Wendy J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

their low-cost, fiber-based solar cells even more energy efficient. May 14, 2010 Sensible Solar Fueling Energy Revolution in Georgia Secretary Chu describes a second industrial...

138

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

up to 20 years for real and personal property used to generate electricity from renewable energy resources including solar, wind, biomass*, fuel cells, geothermal or hydro....

139

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or commercial use in Manitoba. Qualifying property includes equipment for wind power, solar energy, geothermal energy, hydrogen fuel cells, geothermal ground source heating...

140

Smart Solar Rooftops  

competing with fossil fuels on the energy market, so producing high-efficiency while maintaining a low cost is a major priority for the solar industry.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solar-powered irrigation systems study: technical summary report. Volume II. Agricultural energy and fuel price projections for Arizona, California, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Texas  

SciTech Connect

This study is part of a larger research effort to project U.S. energy demand and energy prices by state from 1985 to 2015; these projections will be used to assess the potential penetration into the U.S. energy economy by specific solar systems. The detailed agricultural energy price forecasts for the 1985-2015 period used by The Aerospace Corporation to assess the market potential of solar-powered irrigation system is presented. Energy price forecasts in constant 1977 dollars are presented by aggregated county regions in the six states for four major sources of energy used in pumping of irrigation water: liquid petroleum gas (LPG), diesel fuel, natural gas, and electricity. (WHK)

1978-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Solar Frontier K K | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Zip 135-8074 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Solar Product Japanese oil company with urban gas and electricity, solar, fuel cell and hydrogen divisions....

143

Approaches to Future Generation Photovoltaics and Solar Fuels: Multiple Exciton Generation in Quantum Dots, Quantum Dot Arrays, Molecular Singlet Fission, and Quantum Dot Solar Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One potential, long-term approach to more efficient future generation solar cells is to utilize the unique properties of quantum dots (QDs) and unique molecular chromophores to control the relaxation pathways of excited states to produce enhanced conversion efficiency through efficient multiple electron-hole pair generation from single photons . We have observed efficient multiple exciton generation (MEG) in PbSe, PbS, PbTe, and Si QDs and efficient singlet fission (SF) in molecules that satisfy specific requirements for their excited state energy level structure to achieve carrier multiplication. We have studied MEG in close-packed QD arrays where the QDs are electronically coupled in the films and thus exhibit good transport while still maintaining quantization and MEG. We have developed simple, all-inorganic QD solar cells that produce large short-circuit photocurrents and power conversion efficiencies in the 3-5% range via both nanocrystalline Schottky junctions and nanocrystalline p-n junctions. These solar cells also show QYs for photocurrent that exceed 100% in the photon energy regions where MEG is possible; the photocurrent MEG QYs as a function of photon energy match those determined via time-resolved spectroscopy. We have also observed very efficient SF in thin films of molecular crystals of 1,3 diphenylisobenzofuran with quantum yields of 200% at the optimum SF threshold of 2Eg (HOMO-LUMO for S{sub 0}-S{sub 1}), reflecting the creation of two excited triplet states from the first excited singlet state. Various possible configurations for novel solar cells based on MEG in QDs and SF in molecules that could produce high conversion efficiencies will be presented, along with progress in developing such new types of solar cells. Recent analyses of the effect of MEG or SF combined with solar concentration on the conversion efficiency of solar cells will be discussed.

Nozik, A. J.; Beard, M. C.; Johnson, J. C.; Hanna, M. C.; Luther, J. M.; Midgett, A.; Semonin, O.; Michel, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells News and Blog Hydrogen & Fuel Cells News and Blog Bioenergy Buildings Geothermal Government Energy Management Homes Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Manufacturing Solar...

145

LDRD final report on "fundamentals of synthetic conversion of CO2 to simple hydrocarbon fuels" (LDRD 113486).  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Energy production is inextricably linked to national security and poses the danger of altering the environment in potentially catastrophic ways. There is no greater problem than sustainable energy production. Our purpose was to attack this problem by examining processes, technology, and science needed for recycling CO{sub 2} back into transportation fuels. This approach can be thought of as 'bio-inspired' as nature employs the same basic inputs, CO{sub 2}/energy/water, to produce biomass. We addressed two key deficiencies apparent in current efforts. First, a detailed process analysis comparing the potential for chemical and conventional engineering methods to provide a route for the conversion of CO{sub 2} and water to fuel has been completed. No apparent 'showstoppers' are apparent in the synthetic route. Opportunities to improve current processes have also been identified and examined. Second, we have also specifically addressed the fundamental science of the direct production of methanol from CO{sub 2} using H{sub 2} as a reductant.

Maravelias, Christos T. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Kemp, Richard Alan; Mavrikakis, Manos (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Miller, James Edward; Stewart, Constantine A.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

CNEEC | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

CNEEC CNEEC Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CNEEC Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion (CNEEC) Director(s): Fritz Prinz and Stacey Bent Lead Institution: Stanford University Mission: To understand how nanostructuring can enhance efficiency for energy conversion and to solve fundamental cross-cutting problems in advanced energy conversion and storage systems. Research Topics: catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), bio-inspired, electrodes - solar, defects, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials) Materials Studied:

147

Converting the Sun's Heat to Gasoline Solar Fuel Corporation is a clean tech company transforming the way gasoline, diesel and hydrogen fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the building below The sun's heat hits the roof surface A non-residential cool roof Coating for a low. These requirements apply only to buildings that are mechanically heated or cooled. What are the minimum requirementswhat is a cool roof? what is the solar reflectance index (sri)? SRI combines SR and TE

Choate, Paul M.

148

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blog Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Blog Bioenergy Buildings Geothermal Government Energy Management Homes Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Manufacturing Solar Vehicles Water Wind Blog Archive Recent...

149

Solar energy as an alternate energy source to mixed oxide fuels in light-water cooled reactors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Supplemental information pertaining to the generic environmental impact statement on the Pu recycling process for mixed oxide light-water cooled reactors (GESMO) was requested from several sources. In particular, the role of alternate sources of energy was to be explored and the implications of these alternate sources to the question of Pu recycle in LWRs were to be investigated. In this vein, solar energy as an alternate source is the main subject of this report, along with other information related to solar energy. The general conclusion is that solar energy should have little effect on the decisions concerning GESMO.

Bertini, H.W.

1977-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

150

Repowering with solar energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the transition phase between today's fossil fuel-based energy markets in the US and the ultimate condition of widespread use of renewable resources, solar energy utilization will become commercialized. One of the more-efficient means to use solar energy is based on direct solar thermal conversion. Since sunlight is a diffuse energy source, the more efficiently it is converted to useful form, the less hardware is needed. Since sunlight is inherently intermittent in nature, providing a useful output that is predictable and steady requires the use of some form of storage - thermal, electric, mechanical, chemical, magnetic or in stored fuel. Further, since there exists a large number of fossil-fuel burning installations and a well-established fuel-distribution system to supply them, the initial use of solar energy will likely be in a repowering mode - retrofit hybrids as fuel savers. This is the fundamental basis for solar-thermal repowering.

Curto, P.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Update: Solar Powered Classroom | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-Renewables --Solar --Wind --Geothermal --Bioenergy -Fossil --Oil --Natural Gas -Nuclear Energy Usage -Storage --Hydrogen & Fuel Cells -Transmission -Consumption -Smart Grid...

152

Solar Energy, Modeling, and Advanced Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 21, 2010 ... Clean Energy: Fuel Cells, Batteries, Renewables - Materials, Processing, and Manufacturing: Solar Energy, Modeling, and Advanced Materials

153

Waste fuels are a significant energy source for U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ...

154

Hearing on the Use of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology in the National Park Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuels like wind and solar power may have even greateron energy loads and solar power availability using aEducation Campaign for Solar Power This project involves

Eggert, Anthony

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Solar Photovoltaic and solar  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies International Energy Outlook 2009 Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar power is one of the fastest-growing sources of renewable energy worldwide. Many nations, concerned about the environmental impacts of electricity generation from fossil fuels or from large-scale hydroelectric plants, have been turning to solar power as an environmentally benign alternative. The solar energy that reaches the earth can be harnessed to generate electric power, and the potential for large-scale applications of solar power has improved markedly in recent years. Two solar power technologies—solar photovoltaic and solar thermal—are widely employed today, and their use is likely to increase in the future.

156

EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar to someone EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar to someone by E-mail Share EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Facebook Tweet about EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Twitter Bookmark EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Google Bookmark EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Delicious Rank EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Digg Find More places to share EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on AddThis.com... Home Award Information Research Topics Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Solar Water Power How to Apply For Research Mentors Annual Meetings Frequently Asked Questions Contacts Solar Photo of an array of bright blue solar panels. The Solar Program (SP) focuses on developing cost-effective solar energy technologies that have the greatest potential to benefit the nation and the

157

CABS | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CABS CABS Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CABS Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS) Director(s): Jan Jaworski Lead Institution: Donald Danforth Plant Science Center Mission: To generate the fundamental knowledge required to increase the efficiency of photosynthesis and production of energy-rich molecules in plants. Research Topics: catalysis (homogeneous), catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), biofuels (including algae and biomass), bio-inspired, charge transport, carbon capture, synthesis (novel materials) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: biological (DNA, protein)

158

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Education  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cell Technologies Office - Education Students learn about solar energy. DOE supports demonstrations and commercialization by providing technically accurate and objective...

159

SOLAR HEATING OF TANK BOTTOMS Application of Solar Heating to Asphaltic and Parrafinic Oils Reducing Fuel Costs and Greenhouse Gases Due to Use of Natural Gas and Propane  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sale of crude oil requires that the crude meet product specifications for BS&W, temperature, pour point and API gravity. The physical characteristics of the crude such as pour point and viscosity effect the efficient loading, transport, and unloading of the crude oil. In many cases, the crude oil has either a very high paraffin content or asphalt content which will require either hot oiling or the addition of diluents to the crude oil to reduce the viscosity and the pour point of the oil allowing the crude oil to be readily loaded on to the transport. Marginal wells are significantly impacted by the cost of preheating the oil to an appropriate temperature to allow for ease of transport. Highly paraffinic and asphaltic oils exist throughout the D-J basin and generally require pretreatment during cold months prior to sales. The current study addresses the use of solar energy to heat tank bottoms and improves the overall efficiency and operational reliability of stripper wells.

Eugene A. Fritzler

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

President's Hydrogen Fuel Mark Paster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or diesel fuel. #12;Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion Vehicles and power plants are significant-HFCI EERE-Vehicles Technology EERE-Solar, Wind, Biomass FE NE SC Interagency Task Force OSTP, DOE, DOT, NASA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Solar technologies diversify the energy supply, reduce the country...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on imported fuels, improve air quality, and offset greenhouse gas emissions. A growing solar industry also stimulates our economy by creating jobs in solar manufacturing and...

162

Improved Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) for Higher Energy ...  

solar cells to potentially compete with fossil fuels. Improved Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) for Higher Energy Conversion Efficiency Page 1 of 1 Data Update

163

Air breathing direct methanol fuel cell - Energy Innovation Portal  

Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup America; Vehicles and Fuels; ... The Regents of the University of California (Los Alamos, NM) Application Number: 09/ 713,149:

164

Enhanced methanol utilization in direct methanol fuel cell ...  

Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup America; Vehicles and Fuels; ... The Regents of the University of California (Los Alamos, NM) Application Number: 09/ 472,387:

165

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fuel from sunlight and water. May 2, 2011 How are Homeowners and Businesses Paying for Solar Energy Systems? We commonly think that the sun provides free energy. That's true,...

166

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, biogas from animal waste, or combined heat and power technologies (including fuel cells). All...

167

List of Renewable Transportation Fuels Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transportation Fuels Incentives Transportation Fuels Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 30 Renewable Transportation Fuels Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 30) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alternative Energy Bond Fund Program (Illinois) State Grant Program Illinois Commercial Industrial Solar Water Heat Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Photovoltaics Landfill Gas Wind energy Biomass Hydroelectric energy Renewable Transportation Fuels Geothermal Electric No Alternative Fuel Transportation Grant Program (Indiana) State Grant Program Indiana Commercial Nonprofit Local Government Renewable Transportation Fuels Renewable Fuel Vehicles Fuel Cells No Alternative Fuel Vehicle Conversion Rebate Program (Arkansas) State Rebate Program Arkansas Transportation Renewable Transportation Fuels No

168

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Water Outlet Control Mechanism for Fuel Cell System Operation ...  

Self-Regulating Water Separation System for Fuel Cells Innovators at NASA’s Johnson Space ... Solar Thermal; Startup ... The system uses the flow energy of the fuel ...

170

NREL: Energy Analysis - Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technology Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences Geothermal Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Solar Vehicles and Fuels Research Wind Market Analysis Policy Analysis Sustainability Analysis Key Activities Models & Tools Data &...

171

Solar Atlas for the Mediterranean Carsten Hoyer-Klick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar resource is the "fuel" of solar energy applications and its availability is a key economic on the further development. Keywords: solar radiation, direct normal radiation, atlas, solar energy potentials. 1. Introduction Solar energy has a large potential for renewable energy generation. Solar energy is highly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Renewable Fuels Module This  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuels Module Fuels Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 175 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve

173

Solar thermophotovoltaic efficiency potentials : surpassing photovoltaic device efficiencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy has gained more attention in recent years due to increased concerns about the continued use of fossil fuels. Solar energy is a form of renewable energy, and solar energy technology does not release greenhouse ...

Barnes, Kathryn M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

COMBINED FUEL AND AIR STAGED POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - Energy ...  

Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; Energy Storage; Geothermal; Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; Industrial Technologies; Solar Photovoltaic;

175

Connecticut Fuel Cell Programs -From Demonstration to Deployment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCEF Goals 6 #12;Clean Energy Technologies Fuel Cells Solar Biomass Hydro Landfill Gas Wave Wind 7 #12

176

Renewable & Alternative Fuels - Analysis & Projections - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. ... Biomass; Geothermal; Hydropower; Solar ...

177

Creating bio-inspired hierarchical 3D-2D photonic stacks via planar lithography on self-assembled inverse opals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural hierarchy and complex 3D architecture are characteristics of biological photonic designs that are challenging to reproduce in synthetic materials. Top-down lithography allows for designer patterning of arbitrary shapes, but is largely restricted to planar 2D structures. Self-assembly techniques facilitate easy fabrication of 3D photonic crystals, but controllable defect-integration is difficult. In this paper we combine the advantages of top-down and bottom-up fabrication, developing two techniques to deposit 2D-lithographically-patterned planar layers on top of or in between inverse-opal 3D photonic crystals and creating hierarchical structures that resemble the architecture of the bright green wing scales of the butterfly, Parides sesostris. These fabrication procedures, combining advantages of both top-down and bottom-up fabrication, may prove useful in the development of omnidirectional coloration elements and 3D-2D photonic crystal devices.

Ian B. Burgess; Joanna Aizenberg; Marko Loncar

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

178

Solar ponds and their applications  

SciTech Connect

Solar ponds are probably the simplest and least expensive technology for conversion of solar energy to thermal energy. The solar pond is unique in its ability to act both as collector and as storage. The cost of a solar pond per unit area is considerably less than that of any active collector available today. The combination of their economic and technical factors make solar ponds attractive for district heating and industrial process heat applications. Solar ponds have the potential to displace significant quantities of fossil fuel in low-temperature heating applications in nonurban areas.

Jayadev, T. S.; Edesess, M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Solar Energy Potential | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fueling Station Locator Energy Department National Labs and Minority Serving Institutions Energy Department National Labs and Minority Serving Institutions Solar Decathlon: How far...

180

Solar Photovoltaic Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal  

In order to better compete with fossil fuels, researchers are attempting to create a second generation of cheaper, more efficient solar cells.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Solar energy: some variables influencing increased utilization  

SciTech Connect

The mid 1970s energy crisis encouraged the growth of alternative fuels. Through the late 1970s and 1980s, solar energy was the primary alternative fuel. Federal and state programs encouraged the growth of residential solar installations through the use of tax credits. This dissertation used data from the eleven western states to assess tax credits' influence on residential solar installations. A Spearman's r was used to evaluate the role of tax credits on the percent increase in solar systems from 1980 to 1984. The r/sub s/ was .93. The second portion of the analysis used contingency tables to see if variables other than tax credits influence solar installations; the results showed tax credits + solar radiation and fuel mix are the significant variables. The final chapter looks at municipal solar utilities, tax on excessive energy use, a public/private solar research lab, and building rating system as means to supplement solar energy tax credits.

Born, B.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Clean Energy: Fuel Cells, Batteries, Renewables - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major areas of rapid advancement include fuel cells, wind, solar, and geothermal ... Hot Section Corrosion Issues in Microturbines Operating on B100 Bio-Diesel.

183

Solar retorting of oil shale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

First, in an overview, we outline and discuss the potential applications of solar energy to the production of fuels. We show that, starting from a fossil feedstock, there are four areas in which solar energy can have a major impact in the production of fuels: in solar retorting of oil shale, in solar coal gasification, in solar steam flooding of oil fields, and in solar steam-reforming of methane. We performed a detailed technical and economic analysis of solar retorting of oil shale. The analysis shows that this solar process not only should be technically feasible but also should improve the fuel yield from the oil-shale feedstock by 10 to 40%, depending on the grade of the shale, compared to the most efficient competing (nonsolar) process. The improved oil yield should more than pay for the incremental cost associated with adding the solar collection system (field of focusing heliostats). The results from an experiment in which solar energy was used to retort oil shale show that yields of better than 110% Fischer Assay are achievable. An advanced design for a solar oil-shale retort is also presented.

Gregg, D.W.; Taylor, R.W.; Grens, J.Z.; Aiman, W.R.; Marsh, L.E.

1980-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

184

Micro/Nano-Scale Phase Change Systems for Thermal Management and Solar Energy Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009, “Solar Thermal Power Plants,” The European PhysicalThermal Energy Storage for Parabolic Trough Power Plants,”fuel based power plants, and most nuclear and solar thermal

Coso, Dusan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

CASP | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CASP CASP Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CASP Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP) Director(s): Victor I. Klimov Lead Institution: Los Alamos National Laboratory Mission: To capitalize on recent advances in the science of how nanoparticles interact with light to design highly efficient materials for the conversion of sunlight into electricity. Research Topics: solar (photovoltaic), solar (fuels), solid state lighting, bio-inspired, electrodes - solar, defects, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design, optics, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (scalable processing) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: semiconductor, wide band-gap semiconductor, metal, oxide,

186

Solar Impulse Takes on America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Posted on: 5/4/2013 12:00:00 AM... The Solar Impulse, the first aircraft built to fly day and night without using fuel, successfully completed the first leg of its ...

187

Renewable Fuels Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 167 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the

188

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen fueling station HFSS High-flux solar simulator HFV Hydrogen-fueled vehicle HGEF Hawaii Gateway Energy Center XIV. Acronyms, Abbreviations and Definitions XIV-10 DOE...

189

Solar Industry Update 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide energy demand is projected to double before 2050 and triple by the end of this century. Fossil fuel reserves are expected to fall short of demand over the next several decades and become increasingly expensive in the long term. In addition, continued reliance on fossil fuels has environmental consequences ranging from pollution to global climate change. Clean, inexhaustible solar power technologies have the potential to make critical contributions to the energy mix of the 21st ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Solar Industry Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide energy demand is projected to double before 2050, and triple by the end of this century. Fossil fuel reserves are expected to fall short of demand over the next several decades and become increasingly expensive in the long term. In addition, continued reliance on fossil fuels has environmental consequences ranging from pollution to global climate change. Clean, inexhaustible solar power technologies have the potential to make critical contributions to the energy mix of the 21st Century. The U....

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

Sunlight + Water = Tomorrow's Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Representing the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of BISfuel is to construct a complete system for solar-powered production of hydrogen fuel via water splitting; design principles are drawn from the fundamental concepts that underlie photosynthetic energy conversion.

Jones, Anne Katherine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Solar energy conversion.  

SciTech Connect

If solar energy is to become a practical alternative to fossil fuels, we must have efficient ways to convert photons into electricity, fuel, and heat. The need for better conversion technologies is a driving force behind many recent developments in biology, materials, and especially nanoscience. The Sun has the enormous untapped potential to supply our growing energy needs. The barrier to greater use of the solar resource is its high cost relative to the cost of fossil fuels, although the disparity will decrease with the rising prices of fossil fuels and the rising costs of mitigating their impact on the environment and climate. The cost of solar energy is directly related to the low conversion efficiency, the modest energy density of solar radiation, and the costly materials currently required. The development of materials and methods to improve solar energy conversion is primarily a scientific challenge: Breakthroughs in fundamental understanding ought to enable marked progress. There is plenty of room for improvement, since photovoltaic conversion efficiencies for inexpensive organic and dye-sensitized solar cells are currently about 10% or less, the conversion efficiency of photosynthesis is less than 1%, and the best solar thermal efficiency is 30%. The theoretical limits suggest that we can do much better. Solar conversion is a young science. Its major growth began in the 1970s, spurred by the oil crisis that highlighted the pervasive importance of energy to our personal, social, economic, and political lives. In contrast, fossil-fuel science has developed over more than 250 years, stimulated by the Industrial Revolution and the promise of abundant fossil fuels. The science of thermodynamics, for example, is intimately intertwined with the development of the steam engine. The Carnot cycle, the mechanical equivalent of heat, and entropy all played starring roles in the development of thermodynamics and the technology of heat engines. Solar-energy science faces an equally rich future, with nanoscience enabling the discovery of the guiding principles of photonic energy conversion and their use in the development of cost-competitive new technologies.

Crabtree, G. W.; Lewis, N. S. (Materials Science Division); (California Inst. of Tech.)

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electro-catalytic oxidation device for removing carbon from a fuel ...  

Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; Energy Storage; Geothermal; Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; Industrial Technologies; Solar Photovoltaic;

194

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass to fuels will involve the development of dedicated energy plants that maximize solar energy conversion to chemical

Kuk Lee, Sung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Assessment of solar-powered cooling of buildings. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three solar-powered cooling concepts are analyzed and evaluated. These are: (1) the solar Rankine concept in which a Rankine cycle driven by solar energy is used to drive a vapor compression refrigeration machine, (2) the solar-assisted Rankine concept in which a Rankine cycle driven by both solar energy and fuel combustion is used to drive a vapor compression refrigeration machine, and (3) the solar absorption concept in which solar energy is used to drive an absorption refrigeration machine. These concepts are compared on the bases of coefficient of performance, requirements for primary fuel input, and economic considerations. Conclusions and recommendations are presented. (WHK)

Curran, H.M.

1975-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Energy Programs | Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Solar Energy Harnessing the Sun's Power for Fuel and Electricity Page 1 of 2 Solar Panels Featured Publication: Artificial Photosynthesis The average power need of the world's energy economy is 13 terawatts - a thousand trillion watts of power - and by 2050, that amount is expected to double. Fossil fuels and other nonrenewable sources are not the answer to the world's ever-expanding need for energy. Also, burning oil, coal or natural gas pollutes the atmosphere and contributes to global warming, which threatens the long-term viability of the earth and its inhabitants. Efficient utilization of energy from the sun may provide a solution to this important problem. The amount of clean, renewable energy derived from the sun in just one hour would meet the world's energy needs for a year. If

197

Why solar energy  

SciTech Connect

It is claimed that thermal-pollution hazards related to the massive use of fossil and nuclear fuels pose definite limitations on worldwide annual energy usage. Some scientists estimate that temperature changes caused by a worldwide fossil-fuel and nuclear energy usage of more than 3.0 x 10/sup 18/ Btu/yr would render the planet unfit for life. The use of incoming solar energy does not have this same heating effect, nor does it produce increased quantities of CO/sub 2/, SO/sub 2/, water vapor, or dust. Solar energy can be used directly as heat, converted to electricity, or stored as hydrogen or heat or in chemical systems. The world could use as much as 20 x 10/sup 18/ Btu/yr of incoming solar energy without unwanted side effects.

Newton, A.B.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Evaluation of concentration solar cells for terrestrial applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy has become a hot prospect for the future replacement of fossil fuels, which have limited reserves and cause environmental problems. Solar cell is such a device to directly generate electricity from this clean ...

An, Tao, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Solar Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters May 7, 2012 - 9:52am Addthis Solar water heaters -- also called solar domestic hot water systems -- can be a cost-effective way to generate hot water for your home. They can be used in any climate, and the fuel they use -- sunshine -- is free. How They Work Solar water heating systems include storage tanks and solar collectors. There are two types of solar water heating systems: active, which have circulating pumps and controls, and passive, which don't. Active Solar Water Heating Systems There are two types of active solar water heating systems: Direct circulation systems Pumps circulate household water through the collectors and into the home. They work well in climates where it rarely freezes. Indirect circulation systems

200

Regional variation in solar energy economic performance  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos/UNM solar economic performance code (EASE-III) is used to indicate the extent of production function variations as applied to a Trombe wall solar design incorporated in a new home. The economic performance of the solar heated residence is compared to the alternative non-solar home heated by the characteristic conventional fuel of each region. These economic results are used to discuss the impact of subsidy programs.

Brunton, D.; Kirschner, C.; Ben-David, S.; Roach, F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about $0.50/gJ to the price of biomass-derived hydrogen (biomass (Larson and Katofsky, 1992). The fuel retati pricebiomass instead of from solar power, the production cost would be much lower (Table 5), and the breakeven gasoline price

Delucchi, Mark

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Speaker(s): Jaimie Levin Date: November 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eve Edelson Mr. Levin will discuss AC Transit's range of environmental technology initiatives, including: zero emission fuel cell transit buses; state-of-the-art, high-capacity, hydrogen fueling stations; solar energy systems; and stationary solid oxide fuel cell power generators. AC Transit has the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States, featuring fuel cell systems with more than 10,000 hours of continuous operation without any failures or power degradation. Their fuel cell fleet has logged more than 400,000 miles of service and carried in excess of one million passengers. Come hear what AC Transit has learned, where they're headed,

203

NREL: News - Student Winners Announced in Solar, Hydrogen and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Winners Announced in Solar, Hydrogen and Lithium Ion Fuel Cell Car Races May 12, 2012 One hundred four teams from 23 Colorado schools participated in today's car...

204

NREL: News - Students to race their innovative solar, hydrogen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 10, 2012 Middle school students from around the state will participate in the Junior Solar Sprint, Hydrogen Fuel Cell, and Lithium Ion Battery car competitions on Saturday,...

205

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

month. The Value of Solar rate is based upon several factors* including: loss savings, energy savings, generation capacity savings, fuel price hedge value, transmission and...

206

Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based Thermochemical Generation of Renewable Fuels. Author(s), Luke S. Walker, James E.

207

EFRC Websites | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EFRC Websites EFRC Websites Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers EFRC Websites Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page External Websites of the Energy Frontier Research Centers Centers ordered alphabetically by state and then by center name Arizona Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel) External link Devens Gust, Arizona State University Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials (CISSEM) External link Neal R. Armstrong, University of Arizona California Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM) External link John Bowers, University of California, Santa Barbara Center for Energy Nanoscience (CEN) External link P. Daniel Dapkus, University of Southern California

208

Solar Decathlon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Sara Farrar-Nagy National Renewable Energy Laboratory sara.farrar-nagy@nrel.gov, 303-384-7514 April 3, 2013 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar...

209

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virginia's solar easement law is similar to those in effect in other states. The Virginia Solar Easements Act of 1978 allows property owners to create binding solar easements for the purpose of...

210

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - Fundamental Interactions - Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Conversion Solar Conversion * Members * Contact * Publications * Overview * Photosynthesis and Solar Fuel Hybrids * Light Induced Energy and Electron Transfer Processes * Analyses of Solar Fuels Assemblies * Redox Protein Hybrid Architectures Fundamental Interactions Home Solar Conversion The goal of this program is to identify the mechanisms responsible for optimization of photochemical energy conversion in natural photosynthesis, and to use this information for the development of artificial photochemical systems with enhanced photochemical energy conversion. Learn from Nature - build with chemistry. Strategic Focus: Fundamental structural studies and physical characterization Solar energy conversion in natural and artificial photosynthesis Comparative approach

211

Solar thermal electric hybridization issues  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar thermal electric systems have an advantage over many other renewable energy technologies because the former use heat as an intermediate energy carrier. This is an advantage as it allows for a relatively simple method of hybridization by using heat from fossil-fuel. Hybridization of solar thermal electric systems is a topic that has recently generated significant interest and controversy and has led to many diverse opinions. This paper discusses many of the issues associated with hybridization of solar thermal electric systems such as what role hybridization should play; how it should be implemented; what are the efficiency, environmental, and cost implications; what solar fraction is appropriate; how hybrid systems compete with solar-only systems; and how hybridization can impact commercialization efforts for solar thermal electric systems.

Williams, T A; Bohn, M S; Price, H W

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Solar water heaters | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heaters heaters Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from the United States Department of Energy's description of Solar Water Heating technology.)[1] Solar Water Heater One of the most cost-effective ways to include renewable technologies into a building is by incorporating solar hot water. A typical residential solar water-heating system reduces the need for conventional water heating by about two-thirds. It minimizes the expense of electricity or fossil fuel to heat the water and reduces the associated environmental impacts. Solar Water Heating for Buildings Most solar water-heating systems for buildings have two main parts: (1) a solar collector and (2) a storage tank. The most common collector used in solar hot water systems is the flat-plate collector. Solar water heaters use the sun to heat either water

213

Solar water heaters | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

water heaters water heaters (Redirected from - Solar Hot Water) Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from the United States Department of Energy's description of Solar Water Heating technology.)[1] Solar Water Heater One of the most cost-effective ways to include renewable technologies into a building is by incorporating solar hot water. A typical residential solar water-heating system reduces the need for conventional water heating by about two-thirds. It minimizes the expense of electricity or fossil fuel to heat the water and reduces the associated environmental impacts. Solar Water Heating for Buildings Most solar water-heating systems for buildings have two main parts: (1) a solar collector and (2) a storage tank. The most common collector used in solar hot water systems is the

214

Fossil fuels -- future fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fossil fuels -- coal, oil, and natural gas -- built America`s historic economic strength. Today, coal supplies more than 55% of the electricity, oil more than 97% of the transportation needs, and natural gas 24% of the primary energy used in the US. Even taking into account increased use of renewable fuels and vastly improved powerplant efficiencies, 90% of national energy needs will still be met by fossil fuels in 2020. If advanced technologies that boost efficiency and environmental performance can be successfully developed and deployed, the US can continue to depend upon its rich resources of fossil fuels.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Advanced solar thermal technology  

SciTech Connect

The application of dish solar collectors to industrial process heat (IPH) has been reviewed. IPH represents a market for displacement of fossil fuels (10 quads/y). A 10% market penetration would indicate a substantial market for solar thermal systems. Apparently, parabolic dish systems can produce IPH at a lower cost than that of troughs or compound parabolic concentrators, even though dish fabrication costs per unit area are more expensive. Successful tests of point-focusing collectors indicate that these systems can meet the energy requirements for process heat applications. Continued efforts in concentrator and transport technology development are needed. 7 figures.

Leibowitz, L.P.; Hanseth, E.; Liu, T.M.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Fuel Cell Technologies Program Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IEA HIA Hydrogen Safety Stakeholder IEA HIA Hydrogen Safety Stakeholder Workshop Bethesda, Maryland Fuel Cell Technologies Program Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Program Manager 10/2/2012 2 | Fuel Cell Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Overview Fuel Cells - An Emerging Global Industry Clean Energy Patent Growth Index [1] shows that fuel cell patents lead in the clean energy field with over 950 fuel cell patents issued in 2011. * Nearly double the second place holder, solar, which has ~540 patents. [1] http://cepgi.typepad.com/files/cepgi-4th-quarter-2011-1.pdf United States 46% Germany 7% Korea 7% Canada 3% Taiwan 1% Great Britain 1% France 1% Other 3% Japan 31% Fuel Cell Patents Geographic Distribution 2002-2011 Top 10 companies: GM, Honda, Samsung,

217

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Fueling Infrastructure Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

218

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on AddThis.com...

219

Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Research (STCH)  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

Eight cycles in a coordinated set of projects for Solar Thermochemical Cycles for Hydrogen production (STCH) were self-evaluated for the DOE-EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Program at a Working Group Meet

220

NREL: Learning - Concentrating Solar Power Basics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Concentrating Solar Power Basics Many power plants today use fossil fuels as a heat source to boil water. The steam from the boiling water spins a large turbine, which drives a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Solar Thermal Generation Technologies: 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After years of relative inactivity, the solar thermal electric (STE) industry is experiencing renewed activity and investment. The shift is partly due to new interest in large-scale centralized electricity generation, for which STE is well suited and offers the lowest cost for solar-specific renewable portfolio standards. With policymaking and public interest driven by concerns such as global climate change, atmospheric emissions, and traditional fossil fuel price and supply volatility, STE is increasing...

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

222

Solar Hydrogen Production with a Metal Oxide-Based Thermochemical Cycle - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Anthony McDaniel (Primary Contact), Ivan Ermanoski Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) MS9052 PO Box 969 Livermore, CA 94550 Phone: (925) 294-1440 Email: amcdani@sandia.gov DOE Manager HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Subcontractors: * Nathan Siegel, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA. * Alan Weimer, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO. Project Start Date: October 1, 2008 Project End Date: Project continuation and direction determined annually by DOE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Discover and characterize suitable materials for two- *

223

SOLERAS solar cooling project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of the increasing demand for cooling in both the United States and Saudi Arabia, solar cooling systems are being considered as serious alternatives to the energy intensive conventional systems, especially when confronted with rising fossil fuel costs. Saudi Arabia and the hot, southern regions of the United States, having abundant sunshine and high cooling demand, are obvious candidates for solar active cooling systems and passive cooling design. Solar active cooling has yet to be shown to be either technologically mature or economically feasible, but efforts have been, and are presently being made within the United States National Solar Cooling Program to develop reliable systems which can compete economically with conventional cooling systems. Currently, the program is funding research and development projects in the areas of absorption, Rankine, dessicant, and advanced technologies. Saudi Arabia has a long and successful tradition of building cooling using passive architectural designs. Combining these past achievements with a program of research and development in both active and passive solar cooling should permit an early economical introduction of entirely solar cooled buildings to Saudi Arabia and the southern United States.

Corcoleotes, G.; Williamson, J.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An instructional aid for teachers is presented that will allow biology students the opportunity to learn about renewable energy sources. Some of the school activities include using leaves as collectors of solar energy, solar energy stored in wood, and a fuel value test for green and dry woods. A study of organic wastes as a source of fuel is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Solar Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-linked challenges: * Energy price volatility * Dependence on and cost of imported fossil fuels * Potential fossil fuel supply constraints * Health & environmental impacts *...

226

Solar ponds for industrial process heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar ponds offer perhaps the simplest technique for conversion of solar energy to thermal energy, which can be used for industrial process heat. It is unique in its capability in acting both as collector and storage. Further, the cost of solar pond per unit area is less than any active collectors available today. Combination of these economic and technical factors make solar ponds attractive as a fuel saver in IPH applications. Detailed calculations are given for solar ponds in two specific applications: providing hot water for aluminum can washing in a manufacturing plant and hot water for washing in a large commercial laundry. With the help of computer codes developed at SERI for other solar IPH systems, it is shown that solar ponds are far more cost effective than any other solar IPH technology for these applications.

Brown, K.C.; Edesess, M.; Jayadev, T.S.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Acquisition Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

228

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants and Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

229

Economical Pyrite-Based Solar Cells  

compete with fossil fuels (payback time of about 5-7 years). The second generation of solar cells focuses on low production costs using thin film cells, which resulted in much lower efficiency rates. The third generation of solar cells has not yet ...

230

Solar-Thermal ALD Ferrite-Based Water Splitting Cycle - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Alan W. Weimer (Primary Contact), Darwin Arifin, Xinhua Liang, Victoria Aston and Paul Lichty University of Colorado Campus Box 596 Boulder, CO 80309-0596 Phone: (303) 492-3759 Email: alan.weimer@colorado.edu DOE Manager HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FC36-05GO15044 Project Start Date: March 31, 2005 Project End Date: Project continuation and direction determined annually by DOE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Demonstrate the "hercynite cycle" feasibility for * carrying out redox. Initiate design, synthesis and testing of a nanostructured * active material for fast kinetics and transport.

231

Solar High-Temperature Water Splitting Cycle with Quantum Boost - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Robin Taylor (Primary Contact), Roger Davenport, David Genders 1 , Peter Symons 1 , Lloyd Brown 2 , Jan Talbot 3 , Richard Herz 3 Science Applications International, Corp. (SAIC) 10210 Campus Point Drive San Diego, CA 92121 Phone: (858) 826-9124 Email: taylorro@saic.com 1 Electrosynthesis Co., Inc. (ESC) 2 Thermochemical Engineering Solutions (TCHEME) 3 University of California, San Diego (UCSD) DOE Managers HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov GO: Katie Randolph Phone: (720) 356-1759 Email: Katie.Randolph@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FG36-07GO17002 Subcontractors: * Electrosynthesis Co., Inc., Lancaster, NY * Thermochemical Engineering Solutions, San Diego, CA

232

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cells Search Search Help Fuel Cells EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Fuel Cells Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel...

233

Introduction to Solar Photon Conversion  

SciTech Connect

The efficient and cost-effective direct conversion of solar photons into solar electricity and solar fuels is one of the most important scientific and technological challenges of this century. It is estimated that at least 20 terawatts of carbon-free energy (1 and 1/2 times the total amount of all forms of energy consumed today globally), in the form of electricity and liquid and gaseous fuels, will be required by 2050 in order to avoid the most serious consequences of global climate change and to ensure adequate global energy supply that will avoid economic chaos. But in order for solar energy to contribute a major fraction of future carbon-free energy supplies, it must be priced competitively with, or perhaps even be less costly than, energy from fossil fuels and nuclear power as well as other renewable energy resources. The challenge of delivering very low-cost solar fuels and electricity will require groundbreaking advances in both fundamental and applied science. This Thematic Issue on Solar Photon Conversion will provide a review by leading researchers on the present status and prognosis of the science and technology of direct solar photoconversion to electricity and fuels. The topics covered include advanced and novel concepts for low-cost photovoltaic (PV) energy based on chemistry (dye-sensitized photoelectrodes, organic and molecular PV, multiple exciton generation in quantum dots, singlet fission), solar water splitting, redox catalysis for water oxidation and reduction, the role of nanoscience and nanocrystals in solar photoconversion, photoelectrochemical energy conversion, and photoinduced electron transfer. The direct conversion of solar photons to electricity via photovoltaic (PV) cells is a vital present-day commercial industry, with PV module production growing at about 75%/year over the past 3 years. However, the total installed yearly averaged energy capacity at the end of 2009 was about 7 GW-year (0.2% of global electricity usage). Thus, there is potential for the PV industry to grow enormously in the future (by factors of 100-300) in order for it to provide a significant fraction of total global electricity needs (currently about 3.5 TW). Such growth will be greatly facilitated by, and probably even require, major advances in the conversion efficiency and cost reduction for PV cells and modules; such advances will depend upon advances in PV science and technology, and these approaches are discussed in this Thematic Issue. Industrial and domestic electricity utilization accounts for only about 30% of the total energy consumed globally. Most ({approx}70%) of our energy consumption is in the form of liquid and gaseous fuels. Presently, solar-derived fuels are produced from biomass (labeled as biofuels) and are generated through biological photosynthesis. The global production of liquid biofuels in 2009 was about 1.6 million barrels/day, equivalent to a yearly output of about 2.5 EJ (about 1.3% of global liquid fuel utilization). The direct conversion of solar photons to fuels produces high-energy chemical products that are labeled as solar fuels; these can be produced through nonbiological approaches, generally called artificial photosynthesis. The feedstocks for artificial photosynthesis are H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2}, either reacting as coupled oxidation-reduction reactions, as in biological photosynthesis, or by first splitting H{sub 2}O into H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} and then reacting the solar H{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} (or CO produced from CO2) in a second step to produce fuels through various well-known chemical routes involving syngas, water gas shift, and alcohol synthesis; in some applications, the generated solar H{sub 2} itself can be used as an excellent gaseous fuel, for example, in fuel cells. But at the present time, there is no solar fuels industry. Much research and development are required to create a solar fuels industry, and this Thematic Issue presents several reviews on the relevant solar fuels science and technology. The first three manuscripts relate to the daunting problem of producing

Nozik, A.; Miller, J.

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

234

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass in particular – are subject to fuel price risks ofbiomass, solar, and hydro power are often sold on a fixed-pricebiomass, solar, and hydro power, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Centers | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Centers Centers Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Energy Frontier Research Centers To learn more about each of the 46 EFRC centers, click on the stars in the map or the html links below. Interactive Map of Energy Frontier Research Centers CETM PHaSE CES RPEMSC NECCES CEFRC EMC2 CCEI CLSF Efree NEES CCHF UNC HeteroFoaM CSTEC RMSSEC MSA C3Bio CABS PARC CALCD SSLS CISSEM BISfuel LMI CEN MEEM CEEM CNEEC CGS NCGC CID CMSNF CME CE S3TEC FIRST CDP CEES IACT ANSER NERC CST CFSES CMIME CASP Centers ordered alphabetically by state and then by center name Arizona Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel) Devens Gust, Arizona State University

236

PARC | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PARC PARC Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers PARC Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Photosynthetic Antenna Frontier Research Center (PARC) Director(s): Robert E. Blankenship Lead Institution: Washington University in St. Louis Mission: To maximize photosynthetic antenna efficiency in living organisms and to fabricate robust micron-scale biohybrid light-harvesting systems to drive chemical processes or generate photocurrent. Research Topics: solar (fuels), photosynthesis (natural and artificial), biofuels (including algae and biomass), bio-inspired, charge transport, membrane, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: biological (DNA, protein), optoelectronic and metamaterial

237

Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(EERE) Fuel Cell Technologies Program (FCT) Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production R&D portfolioSANDIA REPORT SAND2011-3622 Unlimited Release Printed May 2011 Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen://www.ntis.gov/help/ordermethods.asp?loc=7-4-0#online #12;3 SAND2011-3622 Unlimited Release Printed May 2011 Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen

Marcus, Charles

238

Large scale solar hot water heating systems for green hospital  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concerns over the impact of the environment on the massive usage of fossil fuels, combined with soaring energy prices, triggered increased interest in the use of solar energy. Solar energy is abundant, provides an important saving to the consumer, and ... Keywords: energy savings, evacuated tubes, greenhouse gas reduction, solar assisted hot water heaters

Poorya Ooshaksaraei; Baharudin Ali; Sohif Mat; M. Yahya; Kamaruzaman Ibrahim; Azami Zaharim; Kamaruzaman Sopian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Photo of the Week: Boosting Solar Technology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: Boosting Solar Technology Photo of the Week: Boosting Solar Technology Photo of the Week: Boosting Solar Technology April 15, 2013 - 4:47pm Addthis Concentrated solar panels are getting a power boost. This summer, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will be testing a new concentrated solar power system -- one that can help natural gas power plants reduce their fuel usage by up to 20 percent. PNNL has developed a system that uses a thermochemical conversion device to convert natural gas and sunlight into a more energy-rich fuel called syngas. By installing the pictured device in front of a concentrating solar power dish, power plants can burn less fuel. Learn more about concentrated solar energy at PNNL. | Photo courtesy of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

240

Fuel pin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel pin for a liquid metal nuclear reactor is provided. The fuel pin includes a generally cylindrical cladding member with metallic fuel material disposed therein. At least a portion of the fuel material extends radially outwardly to the inner diameter of the cladding member to promote efficient transfer of heat to the reactor coolant system. The fuel material defines at least one void space therein to facilitate swelling of the fuel material during fission.

Christiansen, D.W.; Karnesky, R.A.; Leggett, R.D.; Baker, R.B.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Solar Neutrinos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Neutrinos at the Conclusion of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Noah Oblath April 22, 2008 The study of solar neutrinos began with the idea that one could use the neutrinos...

242

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alaska's solar easement provisions are similar to those in many other states. They do not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, they allow parties to voluntarily enter into solar...

243

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Idaho’s solar easement provisions allow for the access rights to sunlight for a solar energy device. The easement is transferred with the property title. Only a few Idaho communities have passed...

244

Solar collectors  

SciTech Connect

Practical applications of solar energy in commercial, industrial and institutional buildings are considered. Two main types of solar collectors are described: flat plate collectors and concentrating collectors. Efficiency of air and hydronic collectors among the flat plate types are compared. Also several concentrators are described, including their sun tracking mechanisms. Descriptions of some recent solar installations are presented and a list representing the cross section of solar collector manufacturers is furnished.

Cassidy, V.M.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Solar project  

SciTech Connect

A solar laundry was installed on a college campus in South Carolina, including two separate systems installed in parallel. (LEW)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Funding and Technical Assistance on Digg

247

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Renewable Fuels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Renewable Fuels Module Renewable Fuels Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources, biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind1. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the production or consumption of a fuel. Renewable technologies cover the gamut of commercial market penetration, from hydroelectric power, which was one of the first electric generation technologies, to newer power systems using biomass, geothermal, LFG, solar, and wind energy.

248

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Desalination Systems Developers MIT BARC IMB Power Solar PVcells Solar PV cells 10 MW solar farm Solar pond FranciscoSolar Energy: PEC vs. PV Solar energy is just as important

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Solar Optics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar opacities are presented from the center of the Sun to the photosphere. The temperatures, densities and hydrogen mass fractions are taken from the standard solar model. For the heavy element abundances the Grevesse mixture is used. In the solar interior photoabsorption is dominated by free-free absorption and they compare two sets of opacities based on two different models for the inverse bremsstrahlung. The radiative luminosities calculated from the two sets of opacities are compared with those predicted by previous models of the standard solar model and also with the known luminosity of the Sun. pressures, specific heats and the speed of sound in the solar plasma are also presented.

Rozsnyai, B.F.

2000-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

250

Search for the ANSER (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Search for the ANSER' was submitted by the Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center (ANSER) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. ANSER, an EFRC directed by Michael Wasielewski at Argonne National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: Argonne National Laboratory, Northwestern University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Yale. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. At ANSER, the mission is 'to revolutionize our understanding of molecules, materials and methods necessary to create dramatically more efficient technologies for solar fuels and electricity production.' Research topics are: catalysis (water), electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, photoelectrocatalysis, solar photovoltaic, solar fuels, solar electrodes, photosynthesis, transportation fuels, bio-inspired, spin dynamics, hydrogen (fuel), ultrafast physics, interfacial characterization, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, charge transport, and self-assembly.

Wasielewski, Michael R. (Director, Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research Center); ANSER Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

innovati nComponents Makeover Gives Concentrating Solar Power a Boost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

innovati nComponents Makeover Gives Concentrating Solar Power a Boost Parabolic trough technology is the most mature of the various concentrating solar power (CSP) options. But scientists at the National on various components in industrial partnerships with Acciona Solar Power, SkyFuel, Schott Solar, and others

252

Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Power Solar Power Project Opportunities Abound in the Region The WIPP site is receives abundant solar energy with 6-7 kWh/sq meter power production potential As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the WIPP site enjoys abundant year-round sunshine. With an average solar power production potential of 6-7 kWh/sq meter per day, one exciting project being studied for location at WIPP is a 30-50 MW Solar Power Tower: The American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is is a national trade association promoting solar energy as a clean source of electricity, and provides a comprehensive resource for additional information. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is also a comprehensive resource for more information on renewable energy.

253

Fuels Technology - Capabilities - FEERC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Capabilities Fuels Technology Advanced petroleum-based fuels Fuel-borne reductants On-board reforming Alternative fuels...

254

SOLAR REFLE TION PANELS  

Unlike other solar collectors that are known to lose solar reflectivity due to issues with their design, the solar collector

255

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel and Special Fuel Definitions

256

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Motor Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Motor Carrier Fuel Tax Effective January 1, 2014, a person who operates a commercial motor vehicle

257

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Energy Sources Renewables Solar Solar July 12, 2013 California Solar Initiative - Single-Family Affordable Solar...

259

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21, 2013 Solar Energy Resources Solar radiation, often called the solar resource, is a general term for the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the sun. Solar radiation can be...

260

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Unmeasured Solar Radiation Quantities . . . . . .Weather Data . . . . . , . , . . . . . . . . . .Solar DataB. l'he Solar Constant. . . . . . C. Solar Time and Standard

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Promotion The Missouri Alternative Fuels Commission (Commission) promotes the continued production and use of alternative transportation fuels in

262

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The definition of an alternative fuel includes natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, hydrogen, fuel mixtures containing not less

263

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fueling Stations Photo of an ethanol fueling station. Thousands of ethanol fueling stations are available in the United States.

264

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Hydrogen Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Hydrogen Fueling Stations Photo of a hydrogen fueling station. A handful of hydrogen fueling stations are available in the United States

265

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fueling Stations Photo of a biodiesel fueling station. Hundreds of biodiesel fueling stations are available in the United States.

266

Investigation of Transient Phenomena of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Electric Vehicles · Photovoltaics ­ thin film solar cells, deployment and testing · Fuel Cells­ · Novel System with Fuel Cell #12;Hydrogen Power Park Overview · Test bed for integration and validationHNEI Overview and Fuel Cell Programs SOEST Dean's Advance by HNEI Faculty and Staff Hawaii Natural

Victoria, University of

267

A Bio-Inspired Multi-Agent System Framework for Real-Time Load Management in All-Electric Ship Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All-electric ship power systems have limited generation capacity and finite rotating inertia compared with large power systems. Moreover, all-electric ship power systems include large portions of nonlinear loads and dynamic loads relative to the total power capacity, which may significantly reduce the stability margin. Pulse loads and other high-energy weapon loads in the system draw a large amount of power intermittently, which may cause significant frequency and voltage oscillations in the system. Thus, an effective real-time load management technique is needed to dynamically balance the load and generation to operate the system normally. Multi-agent systems, inspired by biological phenomena, aim to cooperatively achieve system objectives that are difficult to reach by a single agent or centralized controller. Since power systems include various electrical components with different dynamical systems, conventional homogeneous multi-agent system cooperative controllers have difficulties solving the real-time load management problem with heterogeneous agents. In this dissertation, a novel heterogeneous multi-agent system cooperative control methodology is presented based on artificial potential functions and reduced-order agent models to cooperatively achieve real-time load management for all-electric ship power systems. The technique integrates high-order system dynamics and various kinds of operational constraints into the multi-agent system, which improves the accuracy of the cooperative controller. The multi-agent system includes a MVAC multiagent system and a DC zone multi-agent, which are coordinated by an AC-DC communication agent. The developed multi-agent system framework and the notional all-electric ship power system model were simulated in PSCAD software. Case studies and performance analysis of the MVAC multi-agent system and the DC zone multi-agent system were performed. The simulation results indicated that propulsion loads and pulse loads can be successfully coordinated to reduce the impact of pulse loads on the power quality of all-electric ship power systems. Further, the switch status or power set-point of loads in DC zones can be optimally determined to dynamically balance the generation and load while satisfying the operational constraints of the system and considering load priorities. The method has great potential to be extended to other isolated power systems, such as microgrids.

Feng, Xianyong

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

A bio-inspired multi-agent system framework for real-time load management in all-electric ship power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All-electric ship power systems have limited generation capacity and finite rotating inertia compared with large power systems. Moreover, all-electric ship power systems include large portions of nonlinear loads and dynamic loads relative to the total ...

Xianyong Feng / Karen L. Butler-Purry

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A novel bio-inspired load balancing algorithm with QoS assurance for large-scale peer-to-peer systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quality of Service(QoS) is attracting more and more attention in many areas, including entertainment, emergency services and transaction services, and so on. Therefore, the study of QoS-aware systems is becoming an important research topic in the area ... Keywords: JXTA, genetic algorithm, load balance, quality of service, services migration

Azzedine Boukerche; Hengheng Xie; Ming Zhang

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Bio-inspired composites : a de novo approach to the conceptualization, design and synthesis of tough mesoscale structures with simple building blocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Composites play an important role as structural materials in a range of engineering fields due to their potential to combine the best mechanical properties of their constituents. In biology, composites are ubiquitous and ...

Dimas, Leon Sokratis Scheie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

1814 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 44, NO. 6, JUNE 2009 A Bio-Inspired Active Radio-Frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: analysis time, power and hardware usage all scale linearly with , the number of output frequency bins cochlea designs with sharper rolloff slopes and lower group delay than prior all-pole versions. Index with position: The membrane gradually becomes wider and less stiff, and resonates at lower frequencies. Thus

Sarpeshkar, Rahul

272

List of Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space Heat Incentives Space Heat Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 278 Passive Solar Space Heat Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 278) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Corporate) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts Commercial Biomass Fuel Cells Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Hydroelectric energy Municipal Solid Waste Passive Solar Space Heat Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative Energy and Energy Conservation Patent Exemption (Personal) (Massachusetts) Industry Recruitment/Support Massachusetts General Public/Consumer Biomass

273

Synthesis Gas Production by Rapid Solar Thermal Gasification of Corn Stover  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biomass resources hold great promise as renewable fuel sources for the future, and there exists great interest in thermochemical methods of converting these resources into useful fuels. The novel approach taken by the authors uses concentrated solar energy to efficiently achieve temperatures where conversion and selectivity of gasification are high. Use of solar energy removes the need for a combustion fuel and upgrades the heating value of the biomass products. The syngas product of the gasification can be transformed into a variety of fuels useable with today?s infrastructure. Gasification in an aerosol reactor allows for rapid kinetics, allowing efficient utilization of the incident solar radiation and high solar efficiency.

Perkins, C. M.; Woodruff, B.; Andrews, L.; Lichty, P.; Lancaster, B.; Weimer, A. W.; Bingham, C.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Solar energy storage through the homogeneous electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide : photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Capture and Energy Storage. Photochem. Photobio.D ISSERTATION Solar Energy Storage through the Homogeneoussolar based fuels and energy storage. At present, it is not

Sathrum, Aaron John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Thermal Analysis, Design and Experimental Investigation of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy is one of the building blocks of modern society. The growth of the modern society has been fueled by cheap, abundant energy resources. Solar… (more)

Yidnekachew Messele, Yidnekachew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Solar retorting of oil shale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of technical and economic factors solar retorting of oil shale shows that such a process should be technically feasible and, depending on the grade of the shale, should improve the fuel yield from the oil shale by 10 to 40%, compared to one of the best competing surface ay for the incremental processes. The improved oil yield should more than pay for the incremental cost associated with adding the solar collection system. An experiment is described in which solar energy is used to retort oil shale, and the experimental results show that yields of better than 110% Fischer Assay are achievable. An advanced design for a solar oil-shale retort is also discussed.

Gregg, D.W.; Grens, J.Z.; Taylor, R.W.; Aiman, W.R.

1980-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Thermal Program California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family...

278

A ray tracing investigation of light trapping due to grooves in solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The biggest problem the world faces today is finding a renewable energy source as fossil fuel reserves being depleted, and the ongoing burning of fossil fuels is destroying environments all over the world. Solar energy is ...

Ruggiero, Christopher W

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cells  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Fuel Cells Search Search Help Fuel Cells EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Fuel Cells...

280

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Loans on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com...

282

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit on AddThis.com...

283

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Fund on AddThis.com... More in this section...

284

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel and Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel and Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) Tax Exemption on AddThis.com...

285

Solar Energy With an average of over 300 sunny days a year, Israel is an ideal labo-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Solar Energy With an average of over 300 sunny days a year, Israel is an ideal labo- ratory for testing one particularly promising alternative to fossil fuels: solar energy. In contrast to fossil fuels as much energy strikes the earth in the form of solar radiation as is used in a whole year throughout

Maoz, Shahar

286

Value of solar thermal industrial process heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.

Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L.; Chockie, A.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Solar Decathlon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Sara Farrar-Nagy National Renewable Energy Laboratory sara.farrar-nagy@nrel.gov, 303-384-7514 April 3, 2013 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon 2013 & XPO Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Irvine, California 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: How to provide workforce training, improve building science instruction, foster innovation in whole-building design, and

288

Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Here we are using microwaves for increasing the surface area of titania nanopowders for energy based applications like dye sensitized solar ...

289

Solar News  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-department-announces-19-million-drive-down-solar-soft-costs-increase-hardware solar-soft-costs-increase-hardware" class="title-link">Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency

290

Kick Off Meeting for New Fuel Cell Projects - Golden Field Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

financial assistance awards for EERE Programs - Fuel Cell Technologies - Biomass - S l Solar - WindWater - Geothermal - Industrial Technologies - State Energ State Energy * GO...

291

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Fueling Infrastructure Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Grants on AddThis.com...

292

Hydrogen: Fueling the Future  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As our dependence on foreign oil increases and concerns about global climate change rise, the need to develop sustainable energy technologies is becoming increasingly significant. Worldwide energy consumption is expected to double by the year 2050, as will carbon emissions along with it. This increase in emissions is a product of an ever-increasing demand for energy, and a corresponding rise in the combustion of carbon containing fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Undisputable scientific evidence indicates significant changes in the global climate have occurred in recent years. Impacts of climate change and the resulting atmospheric warming are extensive, and know no political or geographic boundaries. These far-reaching effects will be manifested as environmental, economic, socioeconomic, and geopolitical issues. Offsetting the projected increase in fossil energy use with renewable energy production will require large increases in renewable energy systems, as well as the ability to store and transport clean domestic fuels. Storage and transport of electricity generated from intermittent resources such as wind and solar is central to the widespread use of renewable energy technologies. Hydrogen created from water electrolysis is an option for energy storage and transport, and represents a pollution-free source of fuel when generated using renewable electricity. The conversion of chemical to electrical energy using fuel cells provides a high efficiency, carbon-free power source. Hydrogen serves to blur the line between stationary and mobile power applications, as it can be used as both a transportation fuel and for stationary electricity generation, with the possibility of a distributed generation energy infrastructure. Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies will be presented as possible pollution-free solutions to present and future energy concerns. Recent hydrogen-related research at SLAC in hydrogen production, fuel cell catalysis, and hydrogen storage will be highlighted in this seminar.

Leisch, Jennifer

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

293

DOE Solar Decathlon: Solar Decathlon Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer Workshops Consumer Workshops Building Industry Workshops Technical Resources Sponsors Where Are the Houses Now? Quick Links Solar Decathlon Home Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2007 Solar Decathlon 2005 Solar Decathlon 2002 Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon Videos For video of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011, see the collections listed below or visit the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon YouTube Channel. General Solar Decathlon Videos Watch these videos to learn about the Solar Decathlon competition and event. Solar Decathlon House Video Tours Learn about each of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon teams and their houses in these video tours. Solar Decathlon Team-Produced Videos Watch videos produced by the teams themselves for the Solar Decathlon

294

Stand-alone solar residence and solar electric auto  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a system design recently patented (US Patent No. 4,182,960, Integrated Residential and Automotive (Solar) Energy System, issued January 8, 1980). a passive solar residence first is equipped with photovoltaic arrays to charge both the residence and an electric auto. Then, a liquid-fueled engine/generator on board the auto both (1) extends the range of the electric auto and (2) enables the auto with its engine/generator to serve as a backup source of heat and electricity for the residence.

Reuyl, J.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Hydrogen Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

explored as a fuel for passenger vehicles. It can be used in fuel cells to power electric motors or burned in internal combustion engines (ICEs). It is an environmentally...

296

Chapter 1.12: Solar Radiation Resource Assessment for Renewable Energy Conversion  

SciTech Connect

This chapter addresses measurements, modeling, and databases of solar energy potential that may serve as fuel for solar energy conversion systems. Developing innovative designs for capturing and converting solar radiation is only one part of the equation for solar system deployment. Identifying, locating, and prospecting for the appropriate quantity and quality of solar resources to fuel these systems is critical to system designers, investors, financial backers, utilities, governments, and owner/operators. This chapter addresses the fundamentals and state of the art for measuring, modeling, and applying solar radiation resource data to meet decision-making needs.

Myers, D. R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Solar space cooling | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooling cooling Jump to: navigation, search Solarcooling.jpg Contents 1 Introduction 2 Solar Absorption Technology 3 Solar Desiccant Technology 4 Passive Solar Cooling 5 References Introduction There are many benefits to Solar Cooling systems. For one the sun is a clean energy resource that we should be using more often. It also produces no emissions and is replenished naturally, it reduces greenhouse gases, it saves the release of 1.6 lbs. of carbon dioxide (CO2) for each kilowatt-hour (kWh) produced, it saves the use of one-half gallon of water for each kWh of solar energy produced, it saves the release of other emissions that result from the burning of fossil fuels such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide or mercury and it provides customers with options to reduce their electric bills. But up to this point Solar Cooling systems are

298

Solar thermal power systems. Summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work accomplished by the Aerospace Corporation from April 1973 through November 1979 in the mission analysis of solar thermal power systems is summarized. Sponsorship of this effort was initiated by the National Science Foundation, continued by the Energy Research and Development Administration, and most recently directed by the United States Department of Energy, Division of Solar Thermal Systems. Major findings and conclusions are sumarized for large power systems, small power systems, solar total energy systems, and solar irrigation systems, as well as special studies in the areas of energy storage, industrial process heat, and solar fuels and chemicals. The various data bases and computer programs utilized in these studies are described, and tables are provided listing financial and solar cost assumptions for each study. An extensive bibliography is included to facilitate review of specific study results and methodology.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Eisenbeiss Solar AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eisenbeiss Solar AG Eisenbeiss Solar AG Jump to: navigation, search Name Eisenbeiss Solar AG Place Augsburg, Germany Sector Geothermal energy, Solar Product Eisenbeiss Solar is a German-based company which offers domestic heating systems combining solar passive, wood burning, geothermal heat pumps and fossil fuel. Coordinates 48.370335°, 10.897892° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.370335,"lon":10.897892,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

300

Preliminary energy sector assessments of Jamaica. Volume III: renewable energy. Part I: solar energy - commercial and industrial  

SciTech Connect

This study concerns commercial and industrial solar applications, specifically solar water heating and solar air cooling. The study finds that solar domestic water heating and boiler make-up water preheating are technically feasible and, depending on the displaced energy source (electrical or various fuel types), economically justified; and that solar hot water installations could displace the equivalent of 189,842 barrels of fuel oil per year. However, solar cooling requires high performance collectors not currently manufactured in Jamaica, and feasibility studies indicate that solar cooling in the near term is not economically justified.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fuels From Sunlight Hub | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuels From Sunlight Hub Fuels From Sunlight Hub Fuels From Sunlight Hub August 1, 2010 - 4:11pm Addthis Researchers from across disciplines are working together to create energy and fuels directly from sunlight, and create a process that's economically viable. Researchers from across disciplines are working together to create energy and fuels directly from sunlight, and create a process that's economically viable. The Solar Energy-to-Fuels Conversion Challenge Designing highly efficient, non-biological, energy conversion "machines" that generate fuels directly from sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide is both a formidable challenge and an opportunity. Such a process could revolutionize our ability to tap new energy sources that are both renewable and environmentally-friendly while improving energy

302

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fueling Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fueling Infrastructure Development on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

303

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cell Animation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cell Animation to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cell Animation on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cell Animation on...

304

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Emerging Fuels Emerging Fuels Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emerging Fuels on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels Emerging Alternative Fuels Several emerging alternative fuels are under development or already developed and may be available in the United States. These fuels may

305

Demonstration Development Project: Solar Augmentation at the Coal-Fired Cameo Generating Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concentrating solar power (CSP) systems use solar thermal energy for the generation of electric power. This attribute makes it relatively easy to integrate CSP systems into fossil-fueled power plants. Solar augmentation of fossil power plants offers a lower cost and lower risk alternative to stand-alone solar plant construction. In addition, such applications present a promising opportunity to meet renewable energy targets, reduce fossil emissions, accelerate utility-scale solar deployment, and speed the...

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Converting chemical energy of hydrogenated fuels into electricity Project Description Invented in 1839, fuels cells powered the Gemini and Apollo space missions, as well as the space shuttle. Although fuel cells have been successfully used in such applications, they have proven difficult to make more cost-effective and durable for commercial applications, particularly for the rigors of daily transportation. Since the 1970s, scientists at Los Alamos have managed to make various scientific breakthroughs that have contributed to the development of modern fuel cell systems. Specific efforts include the following: * Finding alternative and more cost-effective catalysts than platinum. * Enhancing the durability of fuel cells by developing advanced materials and

307

Solar Cookers International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cookers International Cookers International Jump to: navigation, search CooKit Each group of items costs 75 Kenya Shillings (about US$1) as does the pile of charcoal shown. By using a CooKit or other solar cooker, people can buy food instead of fuel. TODO: add references Solar Cookers International (SCI) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, non-governmental organization that spreads solar cooking awareness and skills worldwide, particularly in areas with plentiful sunshine and diminishing sources of cooking fuel. SCI has enabled 30,000 families in Africa to cook with the sun's energy, freeing women and children from the burdens of gathering wood and carrying it for miles. Tens of thousands of individuals and organization from all over the world have learned about solar cooking through SCI's international programs, education resources,

308

Solar ponds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The different types of solar ponds are described, including the nonconvecting salt gradient pond and various saltless pond designs. Then the availability and cost of salts for salt gradient ponds are discussed and costs are compared. A simple computational model is developed to approximate solar pond performance. This model is later used to size solar ponds for district heating and industrial process heat applications. For district heating, ponds are sized to provide space conditioning for a group of homes, in different regions of the United States. Size requirement is on the order of one acre for a group of 25 to 50 homes. An economic analysis is performed of solar ponds used in two industrial process heat applications. The analysis finds that solar ponds are competitive when conventional heat sources are priced at $5 per million Btu and expected to rise in price at a rate of 10% per year. The application of solar ponds to the generation of electricity is also discussed. Total solar pond potential for displacing conventional energy sources is estimated in the range of from one to six quadrillion Btu per year in the near and intermediate future.

Jayadev, T.S.; Edesess, M.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Solar Two  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar Two is a concentrating solar power plant that can supply electric power on demand to the local utility, Southern California Edison Company. It can do so because it operates not only during sunny parts of the day, but it can store enough thermal energy from the sun to operate during cloudy periods and after dark, for up to three hours, at its rated output of 10 megawatts (MW). For the first time ever, a utility scale solar power plant can supply electricity when the utility needs it most, to satisfy the energy requirements of its customers.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Directly-irradiated Two-zone Solar Thermochemical Reactor for H2O/CO2 Splitting  

other fossil fuels, as well as the emission of greenhouse gases. Current solar thermochemical approaches are greatly restricted by the efficiency of the reactor, which is less than one percent. This solar thermochemical reactor has the potential ...

311

Space-based solar power generation using a distributed network of satellites and methods for efficient space power transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space-based solar power (SSP) generation is being touted as a solution to our ever-increasing energy consumption and dependence on fossil fuels. Satellites in Earth's orbit can capture solar energy through photovoltaic ...

McLinko, Ryan M.

312

Solar Impulse Takes on America - Materials Technology@TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Posted on: 05/04/2013. The Solar Impulse, the first aircraft built to fly day and night without using fuel, successfully completed the first leg of its coast-to-coast ...

313

Rapid Solar-Thermal Conversion of Biomass to Syngas  

perform biomass gasification or pyrolysis for production of hydrogen, synthesis gas, liquid fuels, or other hydrocarbon based chemicals. The methods of the invention use solar thermal energy as the energy source for the biomass pyrolysis or ...

314

Solar Energy Systems - Research - Systems Analysis - Smart Grid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Fuels Research: Systems Analysis Smart grid photovoltaic Systems analysis photovoltaic A team of energy and grid experts from Agronne, ComEd, GridPoint, and the University of...

315

Third-Generation Solar Cells Using Optical Rectenna Vaccine ...  

but resulted in a price too high to compete with fossil fuels (Payback time of about 5-7 years). The second generation of solar cells focuses on low production costs

316

Argonne launches unique research initiative to realize solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and biofuels, as well as nuclear energy and fossil fuels. Of the many options, the sun represents the most abundant renewable energy...

317

Solar-Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies, University of California, Davis. Sep- Myles K. M.Studies, University of California, Davis, December. U.S.Studies Universityof California at Davis Davis, CA95616 Joan

DeLuchi, Mark A.; Ogden, Joan M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Solar PST | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar PST Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar PST Place Bergondo, Spain Zip 15 165 Sector Solar Product Spanish company producing thermodynamic solar panels. References Solar...

319

Turning local materials into solar technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dr. A. Jagadeesh, founder President of the Society of Science for the People in India, explains his design for a solar water pre-heater for cooking. This simple technology can significantly decrease the amount of fuel used to cook food in rural areas of developing countries. The basis for the solar water pre-heater is the fact that the use of pre-heated water of 60C to cook food, particularly rice, dal and maize, lowers cooking times considerably and leads to substantial fuel savings.

Jagadeesh, A. (Society of Science for the People in India, Andhra, Pradesh (India))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

List of Solar Pool Heating Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heating Incentives Heating Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 118 Solar Pool Heating Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 118) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Alternative Energy Personal Property Tax Exemption (Michigan) Property Tax Incentive Michigan Commercial Industrial Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Microturbines Photovoltaics

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Safety aspects of small solar installations. A bibliography  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy is viewed by many as a very economical alternative to fossil fuel and/or nuclear energy, and considerable developmental work has been undertaken aimed toward harnessing solar energy for heating and air conditioning of buildings, especially residences. However, little attention has been paid to the safety and environmental aspects of solar installations. Some of the health, safety, and environmental hazards which have been identified as being inherent in small solar heating and cooling systems are summerized. The bibliography lists 24 documents that deal with the installation of small solar-heating and air-conditioniong systems, especially for single-family residences.

James, A.H. Jr.

1977-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

322

Solar paraphotons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I revisit the question of production of paraphotons, or hidden photons, in the Sun and suggest that a simultaneous observations of solar flares by conventional instruments and by axion helioscopes may provide a discovery channel for paraphotons.

Troitsky, Sergey V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Kentucky, solar easements may be obtained for the purpose of ensuring access to direct sunlight. Easements must be expressed in writing and will become an interest in real property that may be...

324

Electric utilities and residential solar systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The long-run incremental cost (LRIC) of providing electricity for solar heating and hot water systems is estimated for three utilities using a utility capacity expansion model and compared to the cost of providing electricity to electric-only systems. All investment, fuel and operating costs are accounted for. Hot water systems and combined heating and hot water systems are analyzed separately. It is found that the LRIC for solar backup is no more than the LRIC of electricity used for purely electric heating and hot water devices and also no more than the incremental cost of normal load growth. For the three utilities studied, there appears to be little basis for rate distinctions between solar devices using electric backup and electric-only heating and hot water devices. Off-peak storage heating and hot water devices have a much lower LRIC than the standard systems; again, there appears to be no basis for distinguishing between solar and electric off-peak devices. Compared to average cost pricing, incremental cost pricing offers considerable benefits to customers using solar and electric heat and hot water, especially if a separate lower rate is adopted for off-peak storage devices; these benefits can amount to several hundred dollars per year. Substantial savings in the use of oil and gas fuels can be achieved if residences using these fuels convert to solar systems, savings not necessarily achievable by a shift, instead, to electric systems.

Bright, R; Davitian, H

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Major Government-Supported Fuel Cell Vehicle Projects Government support for fuel cell projects is critical to the development of fuel cell technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provide most of its power. In the future, there are plans to use fuel cells, a solar-thermal system. The Centre also will house a "National Research Flagship," entitled "Energy Transformed," that will focus sustainable energy technologies, including solar, gas micro-turbines, and wind generators that will initially

326

Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science » Materials Science » Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century. Get Expertise Melissa Fox Applied Energy Email Catherine Padro Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Email Fernando Garzon Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Email Piotr Zelenay Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Email Rod Borup Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Email Karen E. Kippen Experimental Physical Sciences Email Like a battery, a fuel cell consists of two electrodes separated by an electrolyte-in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, the separator is made of a thin polymeric membrane. Unlike a battery, a fuel cell does not need recharging-it continues to produce electricity as long as fuel flows

327

Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Fuel Cells The Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program is responsible for coordinating Federal efforts to facilitate development of a commercially relevant and robust solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system. Specific objectives include achieving an efficiency of greater than 60 percent, meeting a stack cost target of $175 per kW, and demonstrating lifetime performance degradation of less than 0.2 percent per

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicles Vehicles Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Prices on AddThis.com... Fuel Prices As gasoline prices increase, alternative fuels appeal more to vehicle fleet managers and consumers. Like gasoline, alternative fuel prices can fluctuate based on location, time of year, and political climate. Alternative Fuel Price Report

329

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel License Any person acting as an alternative fuels dealer must hold a valid alternative fuel license and certificate from the Wisconsin Department of Administration. Except for alternative fuels that a dealer delivers into a

330

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel License Alternative fuel providers, bulk users, and retailers, or any person who fuels an alternative fuel vehicle from a private source that does not pay

331

Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the pressing need for the United States to reduce our dependence upon fossil fuels, it has become a national priority to develop technologies that allow practical use of renewable energy sources. One such energy source is sunlight. It has the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical success. The primary reason for these disappointments is a misunderstanding of solar energy dynamics by air conditioning designers; combined with a similar misunderstanding by solar engineers of how thermally driven chillers react to the loads and energy sources applied to them. With this in mind, a modeling tool has been developed which provides the flexibility to apply a strategy which can be termed, Optimization by Design.

Leavell, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The University of Wisconsin Interactive Solar Heating DesignProgram, , , , c, Solar Heating of Buildings and DomesticProperty Standards for Solar Heating and Domestic Hot Water

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program, , , , c, Solar Heating of Buildings and DomesticR.L. (1976): Solar Heating of Buildings and Domestic Hotthe costs. c. SOLAR HEATING OF BUILDINGS AND DOMESTIC HOT

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Energy Sources Renewables Solar Solar July 12, 2013 Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin...

335

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Energy Sources Renewables Solar Solar July 12, 2013 City of Tallahassee Utilities - Solar Water Heating Rebate The...

336

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Energy Sources Renewables Solar Solar July 12, 2013 Austin Utilities - Solar Rebate Program Austin Utilities provides...

337

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Energy Sources Renewables Solar Solar July 12, 2013 Commonwealth Solar Hot Water Commercial Program Feasibility study...

338

DOE Solar Decathlon: Visit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 at the Orange Country Great Park in Irvine, California The Solar Decathlon houses and surrounding Solar Decathlon village are open to...

339

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 8, 2009 DOE Announces 87 Million in Funding to Support Solar Energy Technologies Projects Aim to Accelerate Adoption of Solar Energy and Develop Solar Workforce September...

340

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted solar access for solar energy devices. Solar easement agreements are required at a minimum to contain...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

16, 2013 Solar Energy Technologies Solar energy technologies produce electricity from the energy of the sun. Small solar energy systems can provide electricity for homes,...

342

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws Colorado's solar access laws, which date back to 1979, prohibit any residential covenants that restrict solar access....

343

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

loans for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. Eligible renewable energy technologies include solar thermal, solar space heat, solar process heat,...

344

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

plan. October 16, 2013 Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit Arizona's Solar Energy Credit is available to individual taxpayers who install a solar or wind...

345

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

is joining America's solar revolution. January 13, 2010 San Antonio is using these unique solar energy systems. | Photo courtesy CPS Energy San Antonio spurs increase in solar...

346

Solar forecasting review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.1.2 European Solar Radiation Atlas (ESRA)for supplementing solar radiation network data,” FinalEstimating incident solar radiation at the surface from geo-

Inman, Richard Headen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Solar forecasting review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.1.2 European Solar Radiation Atlas (ESRA)2.4 Evaluation of Solar Forecasting . . . . . . . . .2.4.1 Solar Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Inman, Richard Headen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumers Power, Inc. - Solar Energy System Rebate Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI) offers rebates to its residential customers who install solar water heating systems or solar...

349

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Boulder established a solar sales and use tax rebate for photovoltaic (PV) and solar water heating installations. Solar system owners may receive a rebate (essentially a...

350

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008, uses concentrated solar power to split water. Figurethe main reason the potential for solar power is boundless.a clean energy source, solar power is inexhaustible, fairly

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Solar Impulse Lands in New York | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Impulse Lands in New York Impulse Lands in New York Solar Impulse Lands in New York July 8, 2013 - 9:42am Addthis Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC, at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across America. | Video by Matty Greene, Energy Department; footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past weekend, Solar Impulse -- a solar-powered plane that flies day and night without the use of fuel -- completed its historic cross-country journey at New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport. Solar Impulse's unprecedented feat is a symbol of how far solar power has come and how far this clean energy source will go in the near future. In this video -- captured during the plane's stopover in the nation's

352

Novel Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Energy Materials. Presentation Title, Novel Fuel. Author(s), Naum Gosin, Igor ...

353

Fuel Cells  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fuel cells are an emerging technology that can provide heat and electricity for buildings and electrical power for vehicles and electronic devices.

354

"EMM Region","PC","IGCC","PC","Conv. CT","Adv. CT","Conv. CC","Adv. CC","Adv. CC w/CCS","Fuel Cell","Nuclear","Biomass","MSW","On-shore Wind","Off-shore Wind","Solar Thermal","Solar PV"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regional cost adjustments for technologies modeled by NEMS by Electric Market Modul (EMM) region 10,11" Regional cost adjustments for technologies modeled by NEMS by Electric Market Modul (EMM) region 10,11" "EMM Region","PC","IGCC","PC","Conv. CT","Adv. CT","Conv. CC","Adv. CC","Adv. CC w/CCS","Fuel Cell","Nuclear","Biomass","MSW","On-shore Wind","Off-shore Wind","Solar Thermal","Solar PV" ,,,"w/CCS" "1 (ERCT)",0.91,0.92,0.92,0.93,0.95,0.91,0.92,0.9,0.96,0.96,0.93,0.93,0.95,0.92,0.86,0.87 "2 (FRCC)",0.92,0.93,0.94,0.93,0.93,0.91,0.92,0.92,0.97,0.97,0.94,0.94,"N/A","N/A",0.89,0.9 "3 (MROE)",1.01,1.01,0.99,0.99,1.01,0.99,0.99,0.97,0.99,1.01,0.99,0.98,0.99,0.97,"N/A",0.96

355

Solar Augmented Steam Cycles: 2010 Industry Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several studies were performed to evaluate a range of solar augmented steam cycle design options. All the designs use steam generated by a solar field in a conventional steam cycle, either offsetting some of the fuel required to generate power or boosting plant power output. The scope of the studies included a conceptual design modeling effort to evaluate a broad range of solar integration design options for biomass and natural gas combined-cycle (NGCC) power plants and two detailed case studies at NGCC ...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

Third-Generation Solar Cells Using Optical Rectenna  

compete with fossil fuels (Payback time of about 5-7 years). The second generation of solar cells focuses on low production costs using thin film cells, which resulted in much lower efficiency rates. The third generation of solar cells has not yet ...

357

SkyFuel Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SkyFuel Inc SkyFuel Inc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SkyFuel Inc Name SkyFuel Inc Address 18300 W Highway 72 Place Arvada, Colorado Zip 80007 Sector Solar Product Solar thermal power Website http://www.skyfuel.com/ Coordinates 39.862942°, -105.206509° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.862942,"lon":-105.206509,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

358

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC SOLAR TURBINES, INC. FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INVENTION RIGHTS UNDER DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NO. DE-FC26-09NT05873; W(A)-09-058, CH-1524 The Petitioner, Solar Turbines, Incorporated (Solar) was awarded a cooperative agreement for the performance of work entitled, "Development of a low NOx Medium Sized Industrial Gas Turbine Operating on Hydrogen-Rich Renewable and Opportunity Fuels. II According to its response to question 2, Solar states that it will develop technologies that will enable utilization of opportunity fuels. This will be accomplished by characterizing biomass and renewable fuels to evaluate and quantify design requirements; utilizing high 'hydrogen content biomass and renewable fuels; and, validating these new fuels in a full-scale, multi-injector rig and developing

359

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Enabling Thin Silicon Solar Cell Technology Print Friday, 21 June 2013 10:49 Generic silicon solar cells showing +45°, -45°, and dendritic crack patterns. The effort to shift U.S. energy reliance from fossil fuels to renewable sources has spurred companies to reduce the cost and increase the reliability of their solar photovoltaics (SPVs). The use of thinner silicon in SPV technologies is being widely adopted because it significantly reduces costs; however, silicon is brittle, and thinner silicon, coupled with other recent trends in SPV technologies (thinner glass, lighter or no metal frames, increased use of certain polymers for encapsulation of the silicon cells), is more susceptible to stress and cracking. When the thin

360

National Energy Act statutes and solar energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Energy Act of 1978 contains many provisions that will significantly affect solar technology commercialization and solar energy users. Four of the five statutes that comprise the National Energy Act deserve close attention. The National Energy Conservation Policy Act will promote residential solar installations. The Energy Tax Act will accelerate both residential and commercial solar system applications. The Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act promotes efficient use of utility resources as well as decentralized power production. And, the Power Plan and Industrial Fuel Use Act places severe restrictions on future burning of petroleum and natural gas, which should lead some operators to build or convert to solar energy systems. Each of the preceding acts are considered in separate sections of this report. Federal regulations issued pursuant to the various provisions are also identified and discussed, and some of the problems with the provisions and regulations are noted.

Howard, J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Technical assessment of community solar future scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kent Solar Project goal is to develop energy future scenarios for the community based upon the input of a cross-section of the population. It has been primarily a non-technical development in an attempt to gain community commitment. Social/political/economic issues have been identified as the key obstacles in fulfilling the future scenarios. To communicate the feasibility of solar energy in Kent, Ohio an analysis of the economic potential for solar energy was developed. The Solar Project calls for 25 per cent reduction of present fossil fuel quantities in 1990, achievable by conservation measures, and a 50 per cent reduction in 2000, which necessitates solar technology implementation. The technical analysis is demonstrating the future scenarios to be both feasible and economically wise. The technical assessment requires an in-depth data base of existing comsumption which is not easily identifiable.

Kremers, J.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Cost of Fuel to General Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Fuel to Generate Electricity of Fuel to Generate Electricity Cost of Fuel to Generate Electricity Herb Emmrich Gas Demand Forecast, Economic Analysis & Tariffs Manager SCG/SDG&E SCG/SDG&E Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) 2009 Fall Meeting November 18, 2009 Ontario, California The Six Main Costs to Price Electricity are:  Capital costs - the cost of capital investment (debt & equity), depreciation, Federal & State income taxes and property taxes and property taxes  Fuel costs based on fuel used to generate electricity - hydro, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, wind, solar, photovoltaic geothermal biogas photovoltaic, geothermal, biogas  Operating and maintenance costs  Transmission costs  Distribution costs  Social adder costs - GHG adder, low income adder,

363

Service center to test solar air-conditioning system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field testing of an advanced solar-powered air-conditioning system developed under the joint Saudi Arabia-US Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of solar Energy (SOLERAS) will be conducted in Arizona over a three-phase 34-month perod. Participants in the program and their contribution are cited. The solar-Rankine alternative to conventional systems using electricity or fossil fuels. (DCK)

Not Available

1980-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

364

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Electricity Fuel Electricity Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electricity Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Production & Distribution Research & Development Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Electricity Fuel Basics Photo of a plug-in hybrid vehicle fueling. Electricity is considered an alternative fuel under the Energy Policy Act

365

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition The following fuels are defined as alternative fuels by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992: pure methanol, ethanol, and other alcohols; blends of

366

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels Tax Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax A state excise tax is imposed on the use of alternative fuels. Alternative fuels include liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane), compressed natural gas (CNG), and liquefied natural gas (LNG). The current tax rates are as

367

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Standard RFS Volumes by Year Enlarge illustration The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is a federal program that requires transportation fuel sold in the U.S. to contain a minimum volume of

368

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuels Tax Alternative Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax Excise taxes on alternative fuels are imposed on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis. The tax rate for each alternative fuel type is based on the number of motor vehicles licensed in the state that use the specific

369

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Loans Fuel Loans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Loans on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Loans The Oregon Department of Energy administers the State Energy Loan Program (SELP) which offers low-interest loans for qualified projects. Eligible alternative fuel projects include fuel production facilities, dedicated

370

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels Tax Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax Alternative fuels are subject to an excise tax at a rate of $0.205 per gasoline gallon equivalent, with a variable component equal to at least 5% of the average wholesale price of the fuel. (Reference Senate Bill 454,

371

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels Tax Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax The excise tax imposed on an alternative fuel distributed in New Mexico is $0.12 per gallon. Alternative fuels subject to the excise tax include liquefied petroleum gas (or propane), compressed natural gas, and liquefied

372

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Tax Alternative Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax The Minnesota Department of Revenue imposes an excise tax on the first licensed distributor that receives E85 fuel products in the state and on distributors, special fuel dealers, or bulk purchasers of other alternative

373

Solar technology application to enhanced oil recovery  

SciTech Connect

One proposed near-term commercial application for solar energy technology is the use of solar energy systems to generate steam for thermal enhanced oil recovery (EOR). This report examines four aspects of solar energy employed for steam EOR. First, six solar technologies are evaluated and two - parabolic troughs and central receivers - are selected for closer study; typical systems that would meet current production requirements are proposed and costed. Second, the legal and environmental issues attending solar EOR are analyzed. Third, the petroleum producing companies' preferences and requirements are discussed. Finally, alternative means of financing solar EOR are addressed. The study concludes that within the next four to five years, conventional (fossil-fueled) thermal EOR means are much less expensive and more available than solar EOR systems, even given environmental requirements. Within 10 to 15 years, assuming specified advances in solar technologies, central receiver EOR systems will be significantly more cost-effective than parabolic trough EOR systems and will be price competitive with conventional thermal EOR systems. Important uncertainties remain (both in solar energy technologies and in how they affect the operating characteristics of petroleum reservoirs) that need resolution before definitive projections can be made.

de Leon, P.; Brown, K.C.; Margolis, J.W.; Nasr, L.H.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Solar technology application to enhanced oil recovery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One proposed near-term commercial application for solar energy technology is the use of solar energy systems to generate steam for thermal enhanced oil recovery (EOR). This report examines four aspects of solar energy employed for steam EOR. First, six solar technologies are evaluated and two - parabolic troughs and central receivers - are selected for closer study; typical systems that would meet current production requirements are proposed and costed. Second, the legal and environmental issues attending solar EOR are analyzed. Third, the petroleum producing companies' preferences and requirements are discussed. Finally, alternative means of financing solar EOR are addressed. The study concludes that within the next four to five years, conventional (fossil-fueled) thermal EOR means are much less expensive and more available than solar EOR systems, even given environmental requirements. Within 10 to 15 years, assuming specified advances in solar technologies, central receiver EOR systems will be significantly more cost-effective than parabolic trough EOR systems and will be price competitive with conventional thermal EOR systems. Important uncertainties remain (both in solar energy technologies and in how they affect the operating characteristics of petroleum reservoirs) that need resolution before definitive projections can be made.

de Leon, P.; Brown, K.C.; Margolis, J.W.; Nasr, L.H.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

19th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPS-19 19th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy 29@caltech.edu Prof. Harry Gray hbg@caltech.edu Prof. Jonas Peters jpeters@caltech.edu Dye-Sensitized & Polymer Solar Cells Advanced Photovoltaics Photocatalysis Solar Fuels Production Photoelectrochemistry

Goddard III, William A.

376

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constant Solar Noon Solar Time Sun Cha rt Sunshine Hours Seeof people and sun creates a high potential for solar energyposition of the sun, The relationship between solar time and

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation in Canada. Solar Energy ~, p.153. Threlkeld, J.L.pool. As the use of solar energy becomes more widespread,a high potential for solar energy use. Solar-heated swimming

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Information. . . . A. Solar Spectrum. . . . . . .measure a part of the solar spectrum, usually the red andin Fig. 1 shows the solar spectrum Q Ii! N til SEA-LEVEL

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

DOE Solar Decathlon: Solar Decathlon China  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

China Logo of SD China. Solar Decathlon China is the most recent addition to the international family of Solar Decathlon competitions. Solar Decathlon China is the result of a...

380

NREL: Technology Transfer - NREL and SkyFuel Partnership Reflects Bright  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL and SkyFuel Partnership Reflects Bright Future for Solar Energy NREL and SkyFuel Partnership Reflects Bright Future for Solar Energy In this video, NREL Principal Scientist Gary Jorgensen and SkyFuel Chief Technology Officer Randy Gee talk about their partnership to develop a thin film to substitute for bulkier glass mirrors on solar-collecting parabolic troughs. Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. Credit: Fireside Production More Information For more information about NREL's partnership with SkyFuel, read Award-Winning Reflector to Cut Solar Cost and New Solar Technology Concentrates on Cost, Efficiency. Learn more about NREL's Concentrating Solar Power Research. Printable Version Technology Transfer Home About Technology Transfer Technology Partnership Agreements Licensing Agreements Nondisclosure Agreements Research Facilities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Solar ADEPT: Efficient Solar Energy Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar ADEPT Project: The 7 projects that make up ARPA-E's Solar ADEPT program, short for 'Solar Agile Delivery of Electrical Power Technology,' aim to improve the performance of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy systems, which convert the sun's rays into electricity. Solar ADEPT projects are integrating advanced electrical components into PV systems to make the process of converting solar energy to electricity more efficient.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Concentrating Solar Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its concentrating solar power subprogram.

Not Available

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Mobile Solar Tracker Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile Solar Tracker Facility. ... NIST's mobile solar tracking facility is used to characterize the electrical performance of photovoltaic panels. ...

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Solar forecasting review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering (in press), 2012. [ASME Journal of Solar Energy Engineering (in press), 2012. [

Inman, Richard Headen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Solar heater  

SciTech Connect

The invention is a solar heater which may function as a humidifier and which has a reflector that is constructed to provide a window, and external thermal insulation. The window has a cover that is positioned to transmit solar radiation to the reflector. The top portion of the reflector has an opening, and a container is removably positioned in the opening. The reflector has a geometry that reflects a high percentage of solar energy to the container, which has a surface with high absorptance. The container has a removable lid for confining heat within the container for certain functions, such as boiling water or drying clothes. When used as a humidifier, the container is filled with water and the lid is removed.

Hill, C.W.

1981-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

386

Solar Neutrinos  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The prospect of studying the solar energy generation process directly by observing the solar neutrino radiation has been discussed for many years. The main difficulty with this approach is that the sun emits predominantly low energy neutrinos, and detectors for observing low fluxes of low energy neutrinos have not been developed. However, experimental techniques have been developed for observing neutrinos, and one can foresee that in the near future these techniques will be improved sufficiently in sensitivity to observe solar neutrinos. At the present several experiments are being designed and hopefully will be operating in the next year or so. We will discuss an experiment based upon a neutrino capture reaction that is the inverse of the electron-capture radioactive decay of argon-37. The method depends upon exposing a large volume of a chlorine compound, removing the radioactive argon-37 and observing the characteristic decay in a small low-level counter.

Davis, R. Jr.; Harmer, D. S.

1964-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

387

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Tax Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax Special fuels, including biodiesel, biodiesel blends, biomass-based diesel, biomass-based diesel blends, and liquefied natural gas, have a reduced tax rate of $0.27 per gallon. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) and

388

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Special Fuel Tax to Special Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Special Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Special Fuel Tax Effective January 1, 2014, certain special fuels sold or used to propel motor vehicles are subject to a license tax. Liquefied natural gas is subject to a tax of $0.16 per diesel gallon equivalent. Compressed natural

389

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Assessment to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Assessment on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Assessment The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) prepared a report, Opportunities for DOD Use of Alternative and Renewable Fuels, on the use and potential use of

390

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biodiesel Basics Blends Production & Distribution Specifications Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Biodiesel Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Biodiesel is a domestically produced, renewable fuel that can be

391

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Standard At least 2% of all diesel fuel sold in Washington must be biodiesel or renewable diesel. This requirement will increase to 5% 180 days after the

392

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Fuel Use to Biodiesel Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The Iowa Department of Transportation (IDOT) may purchase biodiesel for use in IDOT vehicles through the biodiesel fuel revolving fund created in the state treasury. The fund consists of money received from the sale of Energy

393

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Basics to Fuel Basics to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Basics on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Blends Specifications Production & Distribution Feedstocks Related Links Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Laws & Incentives Ethanol Fuel Basics Related Information National Biofuels Action Plan Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from various plant materials collectively

394

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use to Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Fuel Use The South Dakota Department of Transportation and employees using state diesel vehicles must stock and use fuel blends containing a minimum of 2% biodiesel (B2) that meets or exceeds the most current ASTM specification

395

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Fuel Hydrogen Fuel Specifications to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Fuel Specifications on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Fuel Specifications The California Department of Food and Agriculture, Division of Measurement Standards (DMS) established interim specifications for hydrogen fuels for

396

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Ethanol Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Flexible Fuel Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Vehicles Availability Conversions Emissions Laws & Incentives Flexible Fuel Vehicles Photo of a flexible fuel vehicle.

397

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Use Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Use All state employees operating flexible fuel or diesel vehicles as part of the state fleet must use E85 or biodiesel blends whenever reasonably available. Additionally, the Nebraska Transportation Services Bureau and

398

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuels Tax Fuels Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Tax Alternative fuels used to propel vehicles of any kind on public highways are taxed at a rate determined on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis. The tax rates are posted in the Pennsylvania Bulletin. (Reference Title 75

399

Solar Energy Technologies Program: Solar Multimedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home Programs & Offices Consumer Information Solar Multimedia search Home EERE » SunShot Initiative » Solar Multimedia Printable Version Bookmark and Share Feature Photo of 3 solar dishes, which have reflective, square-shaped material that creates a mirror image of the sky and clouds. Each dish is anchored to the ground by a vertical pole. Solar Dish - Albuquerque, New Mexico Credit: Sandia National Laboratories/Randy Montoya Solar Technologies Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar Power Solar Applications Residential Residential Commercial Commercial Large Installations Large Installations City and County City and County Federal Federal Manufacturing Manufacturing Development and Testing

400

Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solar Energy: What's next for Solar Technology  

Solar Energy: What’s next for Solar Technology John P. Benner Group Leader, Electronic Materials and Devices. National Center for Photovoltaics. National Renewable ...

402

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 Sunshot #12;WASHINGTON PV CONTEXTWASHINGTON PV CONTEXT 285 cities, 39 Installations happen where process is easier #12;EVERGREEN STATE SOLAR PARTNERSHIP Commerce NWSEEDEdmonds

403

Fuel-producing Geobacter receives support from new research May 3rd, 2010 in Technology / Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

growing the bacteria on the surface of graphite electrodes located on a rooftop. A rooftop solar panel generated from solar panels to produce fuels and other useful products. The researchers are currently efficiency than traditional photosynthesis. This efficiency is partly due to the fact that solar panels can

Lovley, Derek

404

Wind and solar powered turbine  

SciTech Connect

A power generating station having a generator driven by solar heat assisted ambient wind is disclosed. A first plurality of radially extending air passages direct ambient wind to a radial flow wind turbine disposed in a centrally located opening in a substantially disc-shaped structure. A solar radiation collecting surface having black bodies is disposed above the first plurality of air passages and in communication with a second plurality of radial air passages. A cover plate enclosing the second plurality of radial air passages is transparent so as to permit solar radiation to effectively reach the black bodies. The second plurality of air passages direct ambient wind and thermal updrafts generated by the black bodies to an axial flow turbine which also derives additional motive power from the air mass exhausted by the radial flow turbine. The rotating shaft of the turbines drive the generator. The solar and wind driven power generating system operates in electrical cogeneration mode with a fuel powered prime mover. The system is particularly adapted to satisfy the power requirements of a relatively small community located in a geographic area having favorable climatic conditions for wind and solar powered power generation.

Wells, I.D.; Holmes, M.; Kohn, J.L.

1984-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

405

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Type Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Development Program The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation provides funding for alternative fueling infrastructure...

406

Fuel Chemistry Preprints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Papers are presented under the following symposia titles: advances in fuel cell research; biorefineries - renewable fuels and chemicals; chemistry of fuels and emerging fuel technologies; fuel processing for hydrogen production; membranes for energy and fuel applications; new progress in C1 chemistry; research challenges for the hydrogen economy, hydrogen storage; SciMix fuel chemistry; and ultraclean transportation fuels.

NONE

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

407

Solar thermal power today and tomorrow  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This article is a look at the status of solar thermal power plant design and application. The topics of the article include US DOE involvement, trough-electric systems as a current alternative to conventional electric power production, and central receiver systems and dish/Stirling systems as alternatives to fossil-fuel power plants within the next five years.

Mancini, T.R.; Chavez, J.M.; Kolb, G.J. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Solar Thermal Technology Dept.)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1988, the Alternative Motor Fuels Act (AMFA) became Public Law 100-494. The AMFA encourages the production and use of motor vehicles designed to operate on alternative fuels. The alternative fuels specified in the law are methanol, ethanol, and natural gas. The Department of Energy (DOE), along with several other federal, state, and local agencies, has undertaken numerous activities aimed at fulfilling the AMFA directives. Among these activities is the establishment of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC), operated and managed by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) in Golden Colorado. The AMFA targets activities for three vehicle types using alternative fuels: (1) light-duty vehicles such as automobiles, mini-vans, and light-duty; (2) heavy-duty vehicles such as tractor trailers and garbage trucks; and (3) urban transit buses. The primary purpose of the AFDC is to gather and analyze information on the fuel consumption, emissions, operation, and durability of these vehicles types. The AFDC staff work with an Oracle Relational Database Management System and statistical software to provide information to users.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

FUEL ELEMENT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ceramic fuel element for a nuclear reactor that has improved structural stability as well as improved cooling and fission product retention characteristics is presented. The fuel element includes a plurality of stacked hollow ceramic moderator blocks arranged along a tubular raetallic shroud that encloses a series of axially apertured moderator cylinders spaced inwardly of the shroud. A plurality of ceramic nuclear fuel rods are arranged in the annular space between the shroud and cylinders of moderator and appropriate support means and means for directing gas coolant through the annular space are also provided. (AEC)

Bean, R.W.

1963-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Game-theory approach to consumer incentives for solar energy  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy is currently not competitive with fossil fuels. Fossil fuel price increases may eventually allow solar to compete, but incentives can change the relative price between fossil fuel and solar energy, and make solar compete sooner. Examples are developed of a new type of competitive game using solar energy incentives. Competitive games must have players with individual controls and conflicting objectives, but recent work also includes incentives offered by one of the players to the others. In the incentive game presented here, the Government acts as the leader and offers incentives to consumers, who act as followers. The Government incentives offered in this leader-follower (Stackelberg) game reduce the cost of solar energy to the consumer. Both the Government and consumers define their own objectives with the Government determining an incentive (either in the form of a subsidy or tax) that satisfies its objective. The two hypothetical examples developed show how the Government can achieve a stated solar utilization rate with the proper incentives. In the first example the consumer's utility function guarantees some purchases of solar energy. In the second example, the consumer's utility function allows for no solar purchases because utility is derived only from the amount of energy used and not from the source of the energy. The two examples discuss both subsidy and tax incentives, with the best control over control use coming from fossil fuel taxes dependent upon the amount of solar energy used. Future work will expand this static analysis to develop time varying incentives along a time and quantity dependent learning curve for the solar industry.

Sharp, J.K.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Quality Standards Fuel Quality Standards to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Fuel Quality Standards on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Fuel Quality Standards The South Dakota Department of Public Safety may promulgate rules establishing: Standards for the maximum volume percentages of ethanol and methanol

412

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Mandate One year after in-state production has reached 350 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol and sustained this volume for three months, all gasoline

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Mandate to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Mandate on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Mandate All gasoline sold in the state must be blended with 10% ethanol (E10). Gasoline with an octane rating of 91 or above is exempt from this mandate,

414

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuels Renewable Fuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuels Promotion Recognizing that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel will be an important part of the state's energy economy and advanced research in

415

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuels Alternative Fuels Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Promotion The state of Hawaii has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the U.S. Department of Energy to collaborate to produce 70% of the state's

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Tax Alternative Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax The excise tax imposed on compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG or propane) used to operate a vehicle can be paid through an annual flat rate sticker tax based on the

417

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Promotion to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Promotion on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Promotion The Texas Bioenergy Policy Council and the Texas Bioenergy Research Committee were established to promote the goal of making biofuels a

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Standard Within six months following the point at which monthly production of denatured ethanol produced in Louisiana equals or exceeds a minimum annualized production volume of 50 million gallons, at least 2% of the

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Tax Fuel Tax to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax The state road tax for vehicles that operate on propane (liquefied petroleum gas, or LPG) or natural gas is paid through the purchase of an annual flat fee sticker, and the amount is based on the vehicle's gross

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Stations to someone by E-mail Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Propane Fueling Stations Photo of a liquefied petroleum gas fueling station. Thousands of liquefied petroleum gas (propane) fueling stations are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Study Alternative Fuel Study to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Study on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Study As directed by the Nevada Legislature, the Legislative Commission (Commission) conducted an interim study in 2011 concerning the production and use of energy in the state. The study included information on the use

422

Solar repowering of fossil plants--an emerging technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The market for solar repowering has been assessed in several DOE sponsored studies, one devoted specifically to repowering, and the other to solar hybrid type of power plants. Since repowering can be considered to be a solar hybrid, the total potential market is the aggregate of plants which are possible candidates for repowering plus planned new plants in the time frame 1985 to 2000. In addition to solar repowering of fossil oil/gas fired power plants, a perceived large market exists for solar retrofit industrial facilities. Repowering a power plant entails switching the source of energy of an existing power plant from a fossil fuel to a more readily available and/or cheaper fuel. An existing plant can be fully repowered by the chosen substitute fuel, thereby, eliminating the original energy input source, or the new plant can be partially repowered, with the new fuel providing part of the energy input to the power cycle or the two sources of fuel can coexist in parallel. One of the most advantageous sources of energy for repowering is solar energy in a power generating facility with the central receiver concept.

Galperin, J.; Weber, E.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Solar collectors  

SciTech Connect

Reasons are reviewed for selection of building shapes which are very unsatisfactory from the viewpoint of making rational use of solar energy for room comfort, and to reduce room heating costs. How to make best direct use of this energy source both by better building design and building installations and more careful control of energy use in towns is examined.

Borasi, V.

1974-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Solar oven  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A portable, foldable solar oven is provided wherein the basic construction material is ordinary cardboard, some surfaces of which are coated with a reflective material. The portable oven doubles as an insulated container for keeping refrigerated foodstuffs cold while being transported to a distant site for cooking.

Golder, J.C.

1981-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

425

Solar cooker  

SciTech Connect

A solar cooking device made of a flat array of concentric mirrors tilted to focus at a small area, the array being movable mounted on a stand to be movable around a ball joint and with a carrier for a cooking vessel held by a double crank to be at the focal area of the mirrors.

Long, J. B.; Ware, R. R.

1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Fuels - Biodiesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Biodiesel * Biodiesel * Butanol * Ethanol * Hydrogen * Natural Gas * Fischer-Tropsch Batteries Cross-Cutting Assessments Engines GREET Hybrid Electric Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Materials Modeling, Simulation & Software Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles PSAT Smart Grid Student Competitions Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Clean Diesel Fuels Background Reducing our country's dependence on foreign oil and the rising costs of crude oil are primary reasons for a renewed interest in alternative fuels for the transportation sector. Stringent emissions regulations and public concern about mobile sources of air pollution provide additional incentives to develop fuels that generate fewer emissions, potentially reducing the need for sophisticated, expensive exhaust after-treatment devices.

427

Hydrogen Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hydrogen is a clean fuel that, when consumed, produces only water. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of domestic sources, such as coal, natural gas, nuclear power, and renewable power. These...

428

Fuel Economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Selling your car? Advertise its fuel economy with our Used Car Label tool. Download a label for on-line ads. Print a label to attach to your car. Did you know? You can purchase...

429

Renewable Fuels Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources, biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics,...

430

Renewable Fuels Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics,...

431

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skip Navigation to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Solar Decathlon Home Blog Home Posts Tagged 'Solar Decathlon 2009' Solar Decathlon Alumni Association...

432

California Solar Initiative - Single-Family Affordable Solar...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Solar Initiative - Single-Family Affordable Solar Housing (SASH) Program California Solar Initiative - Single-Family Affordable Solar Housing (SASH) Program Eligibility...

433

California Solar Initiative - Multi-Family Affordable Solar Housing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Solar Initiative - Multi-Family Affordable Solar Housing (MASH) Program California Solar Initiative - Multi-Family Affordable Solar Housing (MASH) Program < Back...

434

SOLAR ENERGY FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS Solar Suitability Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS Solar Suitability Assessment of Dalhousie University..................................................................................................................... 1 2 Solar Resource Assessment ........................................................................................... 2 2.1 Solar Radiation

Brownstone, Rob

435

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government...

436

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Blog Archive » Solar Decathlon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Architecture Comfort Zone Energy Balance Engineering Home Entertainment Hot Water Market Appeal Events Media Solar Decathlon Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar...

437

China Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra Photovoltaic Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name China Glass Solar (aka CG Solar, formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...

438

Energy Basics: Solar Energy Technologies  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Solar...

439

Energy Basics: Solar Energy Resources  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Basics Renewable Energy Printable Version Share this resource Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Solar...

440

Sylcom Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

research, distribution, construction, operation, maintenance of products and of Photovoltaic Solar, Thermal Solar and Solar Thermoelectric installations. References Sylcom...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solar Kit Lessons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Kit Lessons Middle School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Solar Cell Inquiry Sunshine Timer Parts of a Solar Panel Part 1 Parts of a Solar Panel Part 2 Build a Simple Ammeter Solar-Powered Battery Charger Positioning Solar Panels 1 Positioning Solar Panels 2 Properties of Solar Radiation: Reflection, Transmission, and Absorption Properties of Solar Radiation: Direct and Diffuse Light Power Maximum: An Electrical Determination Calibration Curve for a Radiation Meter Solarize a Toy Solar Cells as Control Devices Solar-Powered Electrolysis of Water and the Hydrogen Economy Solar Kit Lesson #1 Solar Cell Inquiry TEACHER INFORMATION LEARNING OUTCOME

442

Solar Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Futures Electricity Futures Activities & Status Electricity Advisory Committee October 29, 2010 Sam Baldwin, Walter Short (Maureen Hand, Trieu Mai, Greg Brinkman, Ryan Wiser, et al.) Objectives for Today 2 * Provide a high-level overview of the Renewable Electricity Futures study, * current status * modeling approach * key questions. REF Context * Energy-linked challenges: * Energy price volatility * Dependence on and cost of imported fossil fuels * Potential fossil fuel supply constraints * Health & environmental impacts * Climate change impacts * Water and land impacts * Potential Responses * More efficient use of energy * Shift from distributed fossil to low-carbon electricity sources * Low-carbon electricity generation 3 Electricity Sector Options Renewables are one pathway -

443

The President's Hydrogen Fuel Initiative Workshop on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Millionbarrelsperday Marine Rail Actual Projection Cars Air Light Trucks Heavy Vehicles U.S. Production Off with carbon sequestration Distributed Natural Gas* Nuclear Distributed Generation Hydro Wind Solar Geothermal 2002 Interim Assessment Policy Stakeholder Input Planning March 2004 #12;FreedomCAR and Fuel

444

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Definition to someone by E-mail Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Definition Alternative fuel is defined as compressed natural gas, propane, ethanol, or any mixture containing 85% or more ethanol (E85) with gasoline or other

445

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Florita, A.; Heaney, M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Design, construction, and testing of a residential solar heating and cooling system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The NSF/CSU Solar House I solar heating and cooling system became operational on 1 July 1974. During the first months of operation the emphasis was placed on adjustment, ''tuning,'' and fault correction in the solar collection and the solar/fuel/cooling subsystems. Following this initial check out period, analysis and testing of the system utilizing a full year of data were accomplished. This report discusses the results of this analysis of the full year of operation. (WDM)

Ward, D.S.; Loef, G.O.G.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Marin Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marin Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Marin Solar Place San Rafael, California Zip 94901 Sector Solar Product Marin Solar is a residential installer of photovoltaic systems....

448

Declination Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Declination Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Declination Solar Place San Francisco, California Sector Solar Product San Francisco solar installation firm acquired by...

449

Carlson Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carlson Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Carlson Solar Place California Sector Solar Product Carlson Solar is an installer of residential and small-scale commercial...

450

Aztec Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aztec Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Aztec Solar Place Rancho Cordova, California Zip 95742 Sector Solar Product Installer of solar hot water and pool heating systems....

451

Sereno Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sereno Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Sereno Solar Place Monte Sereno, California Sector Solar Product Has developed a solar passive water heating panel to be installed...

452

Solar Mimizan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Mimizan Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Mimizan Place PARIS, France Zip 75002 Sector Solar Product Paris-based, building-integrated solar power plant developer....

453

Apex Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex Solar Place Sofia, Bulgaria Zip 1616 Sector Solar Product Bulgarian PV and solar thermal project developer and installer. References Apex Solar1 LinkedIn Connections...

454

Solar Monkey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Solar Monkey Place Irvine, California Zip 92618 Sector Solar Product Solar Monkey installs PV systems for commercial and industrial users. References Solar...

455

ESPEE Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560 091 Sector Solar Product Distributor of solar thermal water heating systems and PV lights. References ESPEE Solar1 LinkedIn...

456

Evolution Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Place Road Town Tortola, United Kingdom Sector Solar Product British Virgin Islands-based solar energy company dedicated to establishing solar panel factories in the...

457

Solar Junction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Junction Place San Jose, California Zip CA 95131 Sector Efficiency, Solar Product Solar Junction is developing high efficiency solar...

458

Tejas Solares | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Tejas Solares Jump to: navigation, search Name Tejas Solares Place Spain Sector Solar Product Tejas Solares is a...

459

Sundrop Fuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sundrop Fuels Inc Sundrop Fuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Sundrop Fuels, Inc. Place Louisville, Colorado Zip 80027 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar Product String representation "Sundrop Fuels i ... portation fuel." is too long. Coordinates 38.25486°, -85.766404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.25486,"lon":-85.766404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

460

Fuel cell and advanced turbine power cycle  

SciTech Connect

Solar has a vested interest in integration of gas turbines and high temperature fuels (particularly solid oxide fuel cells[SOFC]); this would be a backup for achieving efficiencies on the order of 60% with low exhaust emissions. Preferred cycle is with the fuel cell as a topping system to the gas turbine; bottoming arrangements (fuel cells using the gas turbine exhaust as air supply) would likely be both larger and less efficient unless complex steam bottoming systems are added. The combined SOFC and gas turbine will have an advantage because it will have lower NOx emissions than any heat engine system. Market niche for initial product entry will be the dispersed or distributed power market in nonattainment areas. First entry will be of 1-2 MW units between the years 2000 and 2004. Development requirements are outlined for both the fuel cell and the gas turbine.

White, D.J.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Renewable & Alternative Fuels - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Renewable & Alternative Fuels Renewable & Alternative Fuels Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Summary Biomass Geothermal Hydropower Solar Wind Alternative Transportation Fuels All Renewable & Alternative Fuels Data Reports Analysis & Projections Most Requested Alternative Fuels Capacity and Generation Consumption Environment Industry Characteristics Prices Production Projections Renewable Energy Type All Reports Don't miss: EIA's Alternative Fuel Vehicle Data. Including two interactive data viewers that provide custom data views of Alternative Fuel Vehicle data for both User & Fuel Data and Supplier Data. EIA's latest Short-Term Energy Outlook for renewables › chart showing U.S. renewable energy supply Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook, released monthly.

462

Proceedings of the 1998 American Solar Energy Society annual conference  

SciTech Connect

The 91 papers in these proceedings are arranged under the following topical sections: Renewable energy in Latin America; PV research and development; PV systems and applications; PV array performance; Wind energy; Grid connection and net metering; PV utility issues; Rural and remote electrification; Concentrators and thermal power; Solar water heating systems; Solar water heating programs and evaluation; New concepts in collectors; Water treatment and distillation; Cooling and refrigeration; Cooking and drying; Solar chemistry and alternative fuels; Transportation; Measurement of solar radiation; Government and institutional programs; and Government issues of policy and finance. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Campbell-Howe, R.; Cortez, T.; Wilkins-Crowder, B. (eds.)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Solar panel  

SciTech Connect

A solar panel is shown for use as a double panel window structure. It has an outer frame formed by an H-shaped extrusion that has one of its outermost legs shortened, and a pair of generally parallel legs or flanges that are inwardly directed of the frame. The outer surface of these flanges are furnished with a dual pressure-sensitive adhesive tape having a width between 1/4 inch and 1 inch. A pane of transparent material is sealed around its periphery into engagement with the adhesive tape for forming a double pane solar panel. Several modifications are also shown for exerting a mechanical locking force on at least one of the panes.

Sitzler, E.R.; Moore, F.W.

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

464

Solar Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental work with solar neutrinos has illuminated the properties of neutrinos and tested models of how the sun produces its energy. Three experiments continue to take data, and at least seven are in various stages of planning or construction. In this review, the current experimental status is summarized, and future directions explored with a focus on the effects of a non-zero theta-13 and the interesting possibility of directly testing the luminosity constraint. Such a confrontation at the few-percent level would provide a prediction of the solar irradiance tens of thousands of years in the future for comparison with the present-day irradiance. A model-independent analysis of existing low-energy data shows good agreement between the neutrino and electromagnetic luminosities at the +/- 20 % level.

R. G. H. Robertson

2006-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

465

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 logo. Displays 3-D plots of hourly energy performance for the whole building or for 9 schemes and any of 40 different components. SOLAR-5 also plots heat flow into/out of thermal mass, and indoor air temperature, daylighting, output of the HVAC system, cost of electricity and heating fuel, and the corresponding amount of air pollution. It uses hour-by-hour weather data. It contains an expert system to design an initial base case building for any climate and any building type, that an architect can copy and redesign. Contains a variety of decision-making aids, including combination and comparison options, color overlays, and bar charts that show for any hour exactly where the energy flows. Keywords design, residential and small commercial buildings

466

Solar energy: its technologies and applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar heat, as a potential source of clean energy, is available to all of us. Extensive R and D efforts are being made to effectively utilize this renewable energy source. A variety of different technologies for utilizing solar energy have been proven to be technically feasible. Here, some of the most promising technologies and their applications are briefly described. These are: Solar Heating and Cooling of Buildings (SHACOB), Solar Thermal Energy Conversion (STC), Wind Energy Conversion (WECS), Bioconversion to Fuels (BCF), Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), and Photovoltaic Electric Power Systems (PEPS). Special emphasis is placed on the discussion of the SHACOB technologies, since the technologies are being expeditiously developed for the near commercialization.

Auh, P.C.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Solar energy collector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a solar energy collector comprising solar energy absorbing material within chamber having a transparent wall, solar energy being transmitted through the transparent wall, and efficiently absorbed by the absorbing material, for transfer to a heat transfer fluid. The solar energy absorbing material, of generally foraminous nature, absorbs and transmits the solar energy with improved efficiency.

Brin, Raymond L. (Cedar Crest, NM); Pace, Thomas L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Multi-criteria comparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel mandate, fuel emission-standards, and fuel carbon tax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel mandate, fuelcomparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel mandate, fuel121, 2011. C. Fischer. Renewable Portfolio Standards: When

Rajagopal, Deepak; Hochman, G.; Zilberman, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Reforming of fuel inside fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an improved method of reforming a gaseous reformable fuel within a solid oxide fuel cell generator, wherein the solid oxide fuel cell generator has a plurality of individual fuel cells in a refractory container, the fuel cells generating a partially spent fuel stream and a partially spent oxidant stream. The partially spent fuel stream is divided into two streams, spent fuel stream 1 and spent fuel stream 2. Spent fuel stream 1 is burned with the partially spent oxidant stream inside the refractory container to produce an exhaust stream. The exhaust stream is divided into two streams, exhaust stream 1 and exhaust stream 2, and exhaust stream 1 is vented. Exhaust stream 2 is mixed with spent fuel stream 2 to form a recycle stream. The recycle stream is mixed with the gaseous reformable fuel within the refractory container to form a fuel stream which is supplied to the fuel cells. Also disclosed is an improved apparatus which permits the reforming of a reformable gaseous fuel within such a solid oxide fuel cell generator. The apparatus comprises a mixing chamber within the refractory container, means for diverting a portion of the partially spent fuel stream to the mixing chamber, means for diverting a portion of exhaust gas to the mixing chamber where it is mixed with the portion of the partially spent fuel stream to form a recycle stream, means for injecting the reformable gaseous fuel into the recycle stream, and means for circulating the recycle stream back to the fuel cells. 1 fig.

Grimble, R.E.

1988-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

470

Reforming of fuel inside fuel cell generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is an improved method of reforming a gaseous reformable fuel within a solid oxide fuel cell generator, wherein the solid oxide fuel cell generator has a plurality of individual fuel cells in a refractory container, the fuel cells generating a partially spent fuel stream and a partially spent oxidant stream. The partially spent fuel stream is divided into two streams, spent fuel stream I and spent fuel stream II. Spent fuel stream I is burned with the partially spent oxidant stream inside the refractory container to produce an exhaust stream. The exhaust stream is divided into two streams, exhaust stream I and exhaust stream II, and exhaust stream I is vented. Exhaust stream II is mixed with spent fuel stream II to form a recycle stream. The recycle stream is mixed with the gaseous reformable fuel within the refractory container to form a fuel stream which is supplied to the fuel cells. Also disclosed is an improved apparatus which permits the reforming of a reformable gaseous fuel within such a solid oxide fuel cell generator. The apparatus comprises a mixing chamber within the refractory container, means for diverting a portion of the partially spent fuel stream to the mixing chamber, means for diverting a portion of exhaust gas to the mixing chamber where it is mixed with the portion of the partially spent fuel stream to form a recycle stream, means for injecting the reformable gaseous fuel into the recycle stream, and means for circulating the recycle stream back to the fuel cells.

Grimble, Ralph E. (Finleyville, PA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

FUEL ELEMENT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel element was developed for a gas cooled nuclear reactor. The element is constructed in the form of a compacted fuel slug including carbides of fissionable material in some cases with a breeder material carbide and a moderator which slug is disposed in a canning jacket of relatively impermeable moderator material. Such canned fuel slugs are disposed in an elongated shell of moderator having greater gas permeability than the canning material wherefore application of reduced pressure to the space therebetween causes gas diffusing through the exterior shell to sweep fission products from the system. Integral fission product traps and/or exterior traps as well as a fission product monitoring system may be employed therewith. (AEC)

Fortescue, P.; Zumwalt, L.R.

1961-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

472

Solar neutrinos and the solar composition problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard solar models (SSM) are facing nowadays a new puzzle: the solar composition problem. New determinations of solar metal abundances lead SSM calculations to conflict with helioseismological measurements, showing discrepancies that extend from the convection zone to the solar core and can not be easily assigned to deficiencies in the modelling of the solar convection zone. We present updated solar neutrino fluxes and uncertainties for two SSM with high (old) and low (new) solar metallicity determinations. The uncertainties in iron and carbon abundances are the largest contribution to the uncertainties of the solar neutrino fluxes. The uncertainty on the ^14N+p -> ^15O+g rate is the largest of the non-composition uncertainties to the CNO neutrino fluxes. We propose an independent method to help identify which SSM is the correct one. Present neutrino data can not distinguish the solar neutrino predictions of both models but ongoing measurements can help to solve the puzzle.

Carlos Pena-Garay; Aldo Serenelli

2008-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

Solar neutrinos and the solar composition problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standard solar models (SSM) are facing nowadays a new puzzle: the solar composition problem. New determinations of solar metal abundances lead SSM calculations to conflict with helioseismological measurements, showing discrepancies that extend from the convection zone to the solar core and can not be easily assigned to deficiencies in the modelling of the solar convection zone. We present updated solar neutrino fluxes and uncertainties for two SSM with high (old) and low (new) solar metallicity determinations. The uncertainties in iron and carbon abundances are the largest contribution to the uncertainties of the solar neutrino fluxes. The uncertainty on the ^14N+p -> ^15O+g rate is the largest of the non-composition uncertainties to the CNO neutrino fluxes. We propose an independent method to help identify which SSM is the correct one. Present neutrino data can not distinguish the solar neutrino predictions of both models but ongoing measurements can help to solve the puzzle.

Pena-Garay, Carlos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Solar hydrogen energy system. Annual report, 1995--1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The paper reports progress on three tasks. Task A, System comparison of hydrogen with other alternative fuels in terms of EPACT requirements, investigates the feasibility of several alternative fuels, namely, natural gas, methanol, ethanol, hydrogen and electricity, to replace 10% of gasoline by the year 2000. The analysis was divided into two parts: analysis of vehicle technologies and analysis of fuel production, storage and distribution. Task B, Photovoltaic hydrogen production, involves this fuel production method for the future. The process uses hybrid solar collectors to generate dc electricity, as well as high temperature steam for input to the electrolyzer. During the first year, solar to hydrogen conversion efficiencies have been considered. The third task, Hydrogen safety studies, covers two topics: a review of codes, standards, regulations, recommendations, certifications, and pamphlets which address safety of gaseous fuels; and an experimental investigation of hydrogen flame impingement.

Veziroglu, T.N.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Accounting for fuel price risk: Using forward natural gas prices instead of gas price forecasts to compare renewable to natural gas-fired generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar, and hydro power are often sold on a fixed-pricesolar, and hydro power, which by their nature are immune to natural gas fuel price

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Solar Energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Dataset Summary Description Reduction of global greenhouse gas emission to arrest global warming requires minimizing the use of fossil fuels. To achieve this a large scale use of renewable energies must be made over the globe for production of electrical and thermal energy. Success of wind and solar energy projects require detailed and precise information on the resources. For most developing countries adequate information on the resources are not available. Source Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka Date Released February 19th, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Feasibility Study resource assessment Solar Energy SWERA Bangladesh Wind Energy Data application/pdf icon swera_bangladesh_fullreport.pdf (pdf, 2.7 MiB)

477

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Acquisition and Alternative Fuel Use Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative

478

Solar Heating Contractor Licensing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Michigan offers a solar heating contractor specialty license to individuals who have at least three years of experience installing solar equipment under the direction of a licensed solar contractor...

479

Solar Energy Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Solar radiation, often called the solar resource, is a general term for the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the sun. Solar radiation can be captured and turned into useful forms of energy,...

480

SOLAR ENERGY RESEARCH ENCLAVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SOLAR ENERGY RESEARCH ENCLAVE submitted to Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur R.S. Anand (EE......................................................................................................................46 SOLAR ENERGY: ECONOMICS AND PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION the many bottle necks are cost of technology, energy storage, distribution of solar power and daily

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio-inspired solar fuel" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Solar Energy Entrepreneurs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Energy Entrepreneurs Meeting MD, DC, DE, VA Region May 31, 2012 #12;Solar Energy Entrepreneurs Meeting MD, DC, DE, VA Region Meeting Objectives should attend if you.... · ... work in the solar energy market

Rubloff, Gary W.

482

EIA Energy Kids - Solar  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Basics Energy from the Sun. The sun has produced energy for billions of years. Solar energy is the sun’s rays (solar radiation) that reach the Earth.

483

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

easement from another property owner for the purpose of ensuring adequate exposure of a solar-energy system to sunlight. A solar easement must include: October 16, 2013 Solar...

484

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 28, 2011 What Do You Wish You Knew About Home Solar Energy? Solar Decathlon 2011 is in full swing, and the Energy Savers blog is all about home solar energy during the...

485

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Your Home Could Get from Solar or Wind? Have you ever thought about installing wind or solar energy on your property? Learn more about it in this post. August 2, 2011 A Solar...

486

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

iStockphoto.com Heat Exchangers for Solar Water Heating Systems Heat exchangers transfer solar energy absorbed in solar collectors to the liquid or air used to heat water. Learn...

487

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Ashland - Solar Rights Ordinance The City of Ashland has been promoting the use of solar energy since 1981, when it passed one of the first city-wide solar rights, or...

488

Solar Hydrogen Conversion Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Hydrogen Conversion Background: The photoelectrochemical production of hydrogen has drawn properties In order to develop better materials for solar energy applications, in-depth photoelectrochemical simulated solar irradiance. Hydrogen production experiments are conducted in a sealed aluminum cell

Raftery, Dan

489

Nanocrystal Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov, 2005). Chapter 4 Hybrid solar cells with 3-dimensional5 All-inorganic nanocrystal solar cells 5.1 Introduction Inoperation of organic based solar cells and distinguish them

Gur, Ilan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Nanocrystal Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorption of the solar spectrum. Also, like branched CdSeonly a fraction of the solar spectrum may be utilized for PVonly part of the solar spectrum. As such, blends should

Gur, Ilan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requisite solar and weather parameters. This manualas well as hourly solar and weather data, The other type issystem, and monthly solar and weather data, such as those

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Fuels processing for transportation fuel cell systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fuel cells primarily use hydrogen as the fuel. This hydrogen must be produced from other fuels such as natural gas or methanol. The fuel processor requirements are affected by the fuel to be converted, the type of fuel cell to be supplied, and the fuel cell application. The conventional fuel processing technology has been reexamined to determine how it must be adapted for use in demanding applications such as transportation. The two major fuel conversion processes are steam reforming and partial oxidation reforming. The former is established practice for stationary applications; the latter offers certain advantages for mobile systems and is presently in various stages of development. This paper discusses these fuel processing technologies and the more recent developments for fuel cell systems used in transportation. The need for new materials in fuels processing, particularly in the area of reforming catalysis and hydrogen purification, is discussed.

Kumar, R.; Ahmed, S.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

An Equal Opportunity Employer / Operated by Los Alamos National Security LLC for DOE/NNSA Solar Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Executive Overview: The rising total cost of energy is fueling new markets for solar power. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is now offering its extensive port- folio of solar power technology for licensing and collaboration. The LANL solar power portfolio includes breakthrough technologies

494

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skip Navigation to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Solar Decathlon Home Blog Home Solar Decathlon Blog - Solar Decathlon 2009 Below you will find Solar...

495

Petrovay: Solar physics Activity phenomena 2 SOLAR PROMINENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR FLARES Flare = sudden (solar disk. Energy release . #12;Petrovay: Solar physics Activity phenomena 2 Energy distribution of flares: Nanoflare heating? #12Petrovay: Solar physics Activity phenomena 2 SOLAR PROMINENCES History: 12th­18th century: sporadic

Petrovay, Kristóf

496

Compound Solar Technology CompSolar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Technology CompSolar Jump to: navigation, search Name Compound Solar Technology (CompSolar) Place Jhunan, Taiwan Zip 350 Sector Solar Product Producer of glass-based...

497

Silicon Valley Solar Inc SV Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silicon Valley Solar Inc SV Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Silicon Valley Solar Inc (SV Solar) Place Santa Clara, California Zip 95051 Sector Solar Product A US-based...

498

Applications of solar reforming technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

Spiewak, I. [Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovoth (Israel); Tyner, C.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Langnickel, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Solar greenhouses in Minnesota  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

After a discussion of solar greenhouse phenomena and the potential for heat collection and food production, design recommendations are provided for attached heat collecting solar sunspaces and for attached food producing solar greenhouses. Also, design of a single solar structure to maximize heat collection and food production is considered. A method of predicting the performance for attached heat collecting solar sunspaces is given in which the solar savings fraction is calculated. (LEW)

Polich, M.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Renewable Fuels Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Renewable Fuels Module Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for forecasts of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has five submodules representing various renewable energy sources, biomass, geothermal, landfill gas, solar, and wind; a sixth renewable, conventional hydroelectric power, is represented in the Electricity Market Module (EMM).117 Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as wind and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the production or consumption of a fuel. Renewable technologies cover the gamut of commercial market penetration,