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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Bio-mass for biomass: biological mass spectrometry techniques for biomass fast pyrolysis oils.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biomass fast pyrolysis oils, or bio-oils, are a promising renewable energy source to supplement or replace petroleum-based products and fuels. However, there is a current… (more)

Dalluge, Erica A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

High resolution FT-ICR mass spectral analysis of bio-oil and residual water soluble organics produced by hydrothermal liquefaction of the marine microalga Nannochloropsis salina  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a detailed compositional characterization of a bio-crude oil and aqueous by-product from hydrothermal liquefaction of Nannochloropsis salina by direct infusion Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) in both positive- and negative-ionization modes. The FT-ICR MS instrumentation approach facilitates direct assignment of elemental composition to >7000 resolved mass spectral peaks and three-dimensional mass spectral images for individual heteroatom classes highlight compositional diversity of the two samples and provide a baseline description of these materials. Aromatic nitrogen compounds and free fatty acids are predominant species observed in both the bio-oil and aqueous fraction. Residual organic compounds present in the aqueous fraction show distributions that are slightly lower in both molecular ring and/or double bond value and carbon number relative to those found in the bio-oil, albeit with a high degree of commonality between the two compositions.

Sudasinghe, Nilusha; Dungan, Barry; Lammers, Peter; Albrecht, Karl O.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Hallen, Richard T.; Schaub, Tanner

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Direct analysis of samples by mass spectrometry: From elements to bio-molecules using laser ablation inductively couple plasma mass spectrometry and laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass spectrometric methods that are able to analyze solid samples or biological materials with little or no sample preparation are invaluable to science as well as society. Fundamental research that has discovered experimental and instrumental parameters that inhibit fractionation effects that occur during the quantification of elemental species in solid samples by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is described. Research that determines the effectiveness of novel laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric methods for the molecular analysis of biological tissues at atmospheric pressure and at high spatial resolution is also described. A spatial resolution is achieved that is able to analyze samples at the single cell level.

Perdian, David C.

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

4

GeoEnergy technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the GeoEnergy Technology Program is to improve the understanding and efficiency of energy extraction and conversion from geologic resources, hence maintaining domestic production capability of fossil energy resources and expanding the usage of geothermal energy. The GeoEnergy Technology Program conducts projects for the Department of Energy in four resource areas--coal, oil and gas, synthetic fuels and geothermal energy. These projects, which are conducted collaboratively with private industry and DOE`s Energy Technology Centers, draw heavily on expertise derived from the nuclear weapons engineering capabilities of Sandia. The primary technologies utilized in the program are instrumentation development and application, geotechnical engineering, drilling and well completions, and chemical and physical process research. Studies in all four resource areas are described.

NONE

1980-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

5

Geo-neutrinos: recent developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiogenic heating is a key component of the energy balance and thermal evolution of the Earth. It contributes to mantle convection, plate tectonics, volcanoes, and mountain building. Geo-neutrino observations estimate the present radiogenic power of our planet. This estimate depends on the quantity and distribution of heat-producing elements in various Earth reservoirs. Of particular geological importance is radiogenic heating in the mantle. This quantity informs the origin and thermal evolution of our planet. Here we present: currently reported geo-neutrino observations; estimates of the mantle geo-neutrino signal, mantle radiogenic heating, and mantle cooling; a comparison of chemical Earth model predictions of the mantle geo-neutrino signal and mantle radiogenic heating; a brief discussion of radiogenic heating in the core, including calculations of geo-neutrino signals per pW/kg; and finally a discussion of observational strategy.

Dye, Steve

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software GNU polyxmass: a software framework for mass spectrometric simulations of linear (bio-)polymeric-)chemical simulations­ along with simultaneous mass spectrometric calculations­for any kind of linear bio-polymeric uses mass spectrometry to characterize (bio-)polymeric analytes of different chemistries is provided

Boyer, Edmond

7

Facilities: NHMFL 9.4 Tesla Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometer Citation: Characterization of Pine Pellet and Peanut Hull Pyrolysis of Bio-Oils by Negative-Ion Electrospray Ionization Fourier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with greater than 1% relative abundance in either phase are shown. Pyrolysis of solid biomass, in this case: Characterization of Pine Pellet and Peanut Hull Pyrolysis of Bio-Oils by Negative-Ion Electrospray Ionization of nitrogen-containing species identified in the peanut hull pyrolysis oil by FT-ICR mass spectrometry

Weston, Ken

8

GeoPowering the West  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summary brochure of GeoPowering the West (GPW) activities, and areas of technology transfer and market transformation. It also provides current contact information for key DOE and national laboratory staff representing the GPW program.

Not Available

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

GEO Report on ProgressGEO Report on Progress Presentation to GEOSS in the Americas Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEO Report on ProgressGEO Report on Progress Presentation to GEOSS in the Americas Symposium. Process & Report Structure1. Process & Report Structure 2. GEO Report on Progress2. GEO Report on ProgressProcess !! " Report on ProgressReport on Progress # " $$ #12;Key ObjectivesKey Objectives · Engage Ministers

10

GEO 101N General geology Kathleen M. Harper (Pre or co) with any geo course below 130 GEO 101N General geology TBA Pre or co with any geo course below 131  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W. or GEO 101N General geology Kathleen M. Harper (Pre or co) with any geo course below 130 GEO 101N General geology TBA Pre or co with any geo course below 131 GEO 102N General geology Laboratory TA TBA none GEO 207 Geological Hazards and Disasters Pre - min C in any 100-level geosciences course

Vonessen, Nikolaus

11

Owen Martel GEOS 206, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Owen Martel GEOS 206, 2009 Paint It, Green: Studio Art and Sustainability Introduction Amidst growing societal concern for sustainability, the arts are particularly fertile ground for the development and dissemination of sustainable thinking. Sustainability itself is an inherently aesthetic concept: in asserting

Aalberts, Daniel P.

12

Geo-neutrinos: a new probe of Earth's interior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In preparation to the experimental results which will be available in the future, we study geo-neutrino production for different models of mantle convection and composition. By using global mass balance for the Bulk Silicate Earth, the predicted flux contribution from distant sources in the crust and in the mantle is fixed within a total uncertainty of +-15%. We also discuss regional effects, provided by subducting slabs or plumes near the detector. In four years a five-kton detector operating at a site relatively far from nuclear power plants can achieve measurements of the geo-neutrino signal accurate to within +-5%. It will provide a crucial test of the Bulk Silicate Earth and a direct estimate of the radiogenic contribution to terrestrial heat.

Gianni Fiorentini; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani; Riccardo Vannucci

2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Geo-Engineering through Internet Informatics (GEMINI)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program, for development and methodologies, was a 3-year interdisciplinary effort to develop an interactive, integrated Internet Website named GEMINI (Geo-Engineering Modeling through Internet Informatics) that would build real-time geo-engineering reservoir models for the Internet using the latest technology in Web applications.

Doveton, John H.; Watney, W. Lynn

2003-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

14

Bio-Gel HT Bio-Gel HTP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-Gel® HT Bio-Gel HTP DNA Grade Bio-Gel HTP Hydroxyapatite Instruction Manual #12;Table of Contents Section 1 Properties of Bio-Gel HT, HTP, and DNA Grade HTP Hydroxyapatite......... 1 1.1 Bio-Gel HT Fully Hydrated Hydroxyapatite .... 3 1.2 Bio-Gel HTP Powder

Lebendiker, Mario

15

How much Uranium is in the Earth? Predictions for geo-neutrinos at KamLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geo-neutrino detection can determine the amount of long-lived radioactive elements within our planet, thus providing a direct test of the Bulk Silicate Earth (BSE) model and fixing the radiogenic contribution to the terrestrial heat. We present a prediction for the geo-neutrino signal at KamLAND as a function of the Uranium mass in the Earth. The prediction is based on global mass balance, supplemented by a detailed geochemical and geophysical study of the region near the detector. The prediction is weakly dependent on mantle modeling. If BSE is correct, Uranium geo-neutrinos will produce between 25 and 35 events per year and 10^32 protons at Kamioka.

Gianni Fiorentini; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani; Riccardo Vannucci

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

The MAC-GEO project 1/84 The MAC-GEO project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of deep geothermal uids extraction process upon phreatic supercial water layers The nal product should impact of deep geothermal uids extraction process upon phreatic supercial water layers The nal productThe MAC-GEO project 1/84 The MAC-GEO project MAthematical modelling for government control

Rosso, Fabio

17

Situation fencing: making geo-fencing personal and dynamic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geo-fencing has recently been applied to multiple applications including media recommendation, advertisements, wildlife monitoring, and recreational activities. However current geo-fencing systems work with static geographical ...

Pongpaichet, Siripen

18

GeoEngineering Assessment & Research The climate cooling potential of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GeoEngineering Assessment & Research The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options Tim Lenton & Naomi Vaughan GeoEngineering Assessment & Research (GEAR) initiative School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK www.gear.uea.ac.uk #12;GeoEngineering Assessment

Polz, Martin

19

Life-Cycle Assessment of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part ofthe Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials' Phase I life-cycle assessments ofbiofuels, lifecycle inventory burdens from the production of bio-oil were developed and compared with measures for residual fuel oil. Bio-oil feedstock was produced using whole southern pine (Pinus taeda) trees, chipped, and converted into bio-oil by fast pyrolysis. Input parameters and mass and energy balances were derived with Aspen. Mass and energy balances were input to SimaPro to determine the environmental performance of bio-oil compared with residual fuel oil as a heating fuel. Equivalent functional units of 1 MJ were used for demonstrating environmental preference in impact categories, such as fossil fuel use and global warming potential. Results showed near carbon neutrality of the bio-oil. Substituting bio-oil for residual fuel oil, based on the relative carbon emissions of the two fuels, estimated a reduction in CO2 emissions by 0.075 kg CO2 per MJ of fuel combustion or a 70 percent reduction in emission over residual fuel oil. The bio-oil production life-cycle stage consumed 92 percent of the total cradle-to-grave energy requirements, while feedstock collection, preparation, and transportation consumed 4 percent each. This model provides a framework to better understand the major factors affecting greenhouse gas emissions related to bio-oil production and conversion to boiler fuel during fast pyrolysis.

Steele, Philp; Puettmann, Maureen E.; Penmetsa, Venkata Kanthi; Cooper, Jerome E.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Geo-neutrinos and Earth's interior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deepest hole that has ever been dug is about 12 km deep. Geochemists analyze samples from the Earth's crust and from the top of the mantle. Seismology can reconstruct the density profile throughout all Earth, but not its composition. In this respect, our planet is mainly unexplored. Geo-neutrinos, the antineutrinos from the progenies of U, Th and K40 decays in the Earth, bring to the surface information from the whole planet, concerning its content of natural radioactive elements. Their detection can shed light on the sources of the terrestrial heat flow, on the present composition, and on the origins of the Earth. Geo-neutrinos represent a new probe of our planet, which can be exploited as a consequence of two fundamental advances that occurred in the last few years: the development of extremely low background neutrino detectors and the progress on understanding neutrino propagation. We review the status and the prospects of the field.

Gianni Fiorentini; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani

2007-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia Geo Energy Programs related to geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel resources have provided a useful mechanism for transferring laboratory technologies to private industry. Significant transfer of hardware, computer programs, diagnostics and instrumentation, advanced materials, and in situ process understanding has occurred through US/DOE supported programs in the past five years. The text briefly reviews the technology transfer procedures and summarizes 32 items that have been transferred and another 20 technologies that are now being considered for possible transfer to industry. A major factor in successful transfer has been personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staff from private industry during all aspects of the technology development.

Traeger, R.K.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Geo Energy Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is a villageGentryGeo

23

Geo processors USA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo X GmbH

24

GeoGenix | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo X GmbHGeoGenix

25

Geo mbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. To createResearchEnergy Inc JumpGeo mbH

26

GeoInnovation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. To createResearchEnergy Inc JumpGeo

27

GEO2 Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHomeFremont,usingGEO2 Technologies Jump to:

28

GeoPeak Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCellGemini SolarAssets LLCGenifuel JumpGeoPeak

29

BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMedical Sciences BioMedical Sciences As a professional working in the field of biomedical science, you'll perform essential tests that are vital to the well-being of our society. The BioMedical/Medical Laboratory Science, Cytotechnology, Biomedical Sciences and Public Health Microbiology. The Diagnostic

Saldin, Dilano

30

BioFuels Atlas Presentation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BioFuels Atlas Kristi Moriarty NREL May 12, 2011 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Introduction * BioFuels Atlas is a first-pass visualization tool that allows users to explore...

31

INVITATION: PRAKTISK TEMADAG OM INDHENTNING AF BIO-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVITATION: PRAKTISK TEMADAG OM INDHENTNING AF BIO- MASSE FRA LAVBUNDSOMR�DE TIL BIOGAS 24 lavbundsområdet til biogas været stigende de senere år. Der sker en spændende teknologisk udvikling indenfor som har draget erfaringer med høst og anvendelse af enggræs til biogas, og se udstyr til slåning af

32

Integrated Network of Scientific Information and GeoHydrologic Tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSIGHT: Integrated Network of Scientific Information and GeoHydrologic Tools Laura Paeglis, IWM and GeoHydrologic Tools #12;What is INSIGHT? · Interactive, web-based maps. · Evaluations of basins and their status as fully or overappropriated. · Educational tool for water managers and the public. · One

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

33

MassBioFuel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a townLoading map...(Redirected25. It

34

Carbon Cycle 2.0: Don DePaolo: Geo and Bio Sequestration  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Feb. 4, 2010: Humanity emits more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future.

Don DePaolo:

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Carbon Cycle 2.0: Don DePaolo: Geo and Bio Sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Feb. 4, 2010: Humanity emits more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future.

Don DePaolo:

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

Green Energy Ohio- GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With funding from The Sierra Club, Green Energy Ohio (GEO) is offering rebates on residential properties in Ohio for solar water heating systems purchased after April 1, 2009. The rebates are...

37

BioFuels Atlas Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kristi Moriarity's presentation on NREL's BioFuels Atlas from the May 12, 2011, Clean Cities and Biomass Program State webinar.

38

Past, Present, and Future Production of Bio-oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bio-oil is a liquid product produced by fast pyrol-ysis of biomass. The fast pyrolysis is performed by heating the biomass rapidly (2 sec) at temperatures ranging from 350 to 650 oC. The vapors produced by this rapid heating are then condensed to produce a dark brown water-based emulsion composed of frag-ments of the original hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin molecules contained in the biomass. Yields range from 60 to 75% based on the feedstock type and the pyrolysis reactor employed. The bio-oil pro-duced by this process has a number of negative prop-erties that are produced mainly by the high oxygen content (40 to 50%) contributed by that contained in water (25 to 30% of total mass) and oxygenated compounds. Each bio-oil contains hundreds of chemi-cal compounds. The chemical composition of bio-oil renders it a very recalcitrant chemical compound. To date, the difficulties in utilizing bio-oil have limited its commercial development to the production of liq-uid smoke as food flavoring. Practitioners have at-tempted to utilize raw bio-oil as a fuel; they have also applied many techniques to upgrade bio-oil to a fuel. Attempts to utilize raw bio-oil as a combustion engine fuel have resulted in engine or turbine dam-age; however, Stirling engines have been shown to successfully combust raw bio-oil without damage. Utilization of raw bio-oil as a boiler fuel has met with more success and an ASTM standard has recently been released describing bio-oil characteristics in relation to assigned fuel grades. However, commercialization has been slow to follow and no reports of distribution of these bio-oil boiler fuels have been reported. Co-feeding raw bio-oil with coal has been successfully performed but no current power generation facilities are following this practice. Upgrading of bio-oils to hydrocarbons via hydroprocessing is being performed by several organizations. Currently, limited catalyst life is the obstacle to commercialization of this tech-nology. Researchers have developed means to increase the anhydrosugars content of bio-oil above the usual 3% produced during normal pyrolysis by mild acid pretreatment of the biomass feedstock. Mississippi State University has developed a proprietary method to produce an aqueous fraction containing more than 50% of anhydrosugars content. These anhydrosugars can be catalyzed to hydrogen or hydrocarbons; alter-nately, the aqueous fraction can be hydrolyzed to pro-duce a high-glucose content. The hydrolyzed product can then be filtered to remove microbial inhibitor compounds followed by production of alcohols by fer-mentation. Production of bio-oil is now considered a major candidate as a technology promising production of drop-in transportation and boiler fuels.

Steele, Philip; Yu, Fei; Gajjela, Sanjeev

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Bio-threat microparticle simulants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bio-threat simulant that includes a carrier and DNA encapsulated in the carrier. Also a method of making a simulant including the steps of providing a carrier and encapsulating DNA in the carrier to produce the bio-threat simulant.

Farquar, George Roy; Leif, Roald

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

BioEnergy Blog  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio-85271

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Bio2Nano  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers Apply for aCould WorkVehicles and Fuels FindBio2Nano

42

Bio-coal briquette  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some of the developing nations aim to earn foreign currency by exporting oil and/or gas and to increase the domestic consumption of coal to ensure a secure energy supply. Therefore, it is very important to promote effective coal utilization in these nations. Currently, these countries experience problems associated with coal use for household cooking and household industries. For household cooking, coal creates too much smoke and smells unpleasant. In addition, illegally obtained firewood is almost free in local agricultural regions. Coal is also used in household industries; however, simple stoker boilers are inefficient, since unburned coal particles tend to drop through screens during the combustion process. The bio-coal briquette, on the other hand, is an effective and efficient fuel, since it utilizes coal, which is to be used extensively in households and in small and medium-scale industry sectors in some coal-producing countries, as a primary fuel and bamboos (agricultural waste) as a secondary fuel. In addition, the use of bio-coal briquettes will greatly help reduce unburned coal content.

Honda, Hiroshi

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Pyrolysis of Woody Residue Feedstocks: Upgrading of Bio-Oils from Mountain-Pine-Beetle-Killed Trees and Hog Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid transportation fuel blend-stocks were produced by pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading of woody residue biomass. Mountain pine beetle killed wood and hog fuel from a saw mill were pyrolyzed in a 1 kg/h fluidized bed reactor and subsequently upgraded to hydrocarbons in a continuous fixed bed hydrotreater. Upgrading was performed by catalytic hydrotreatment in a two-stage bed at 170°C and 405°C with a per bed LHSV between 0.17 and 0.19. The overall yields from biomass to upgraded fuel were similar for both feeds: 24-25% despite the differences in bio-oil (intermediate) mass yield. Pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was 61% from MPBK wood, and subsequent upgrading of the bio-oil gave an average mass yield of 41% to liquid fuel blend stocks. Hydrogen was consumed at an average of 0.042g/g of bio-oil fed, with final oxygen content in the product fuel ranging from 0.31% to 1.58% over the course of the test. Comparatively for hog fuel, pyrolysis bio-oil mass yield was lower at 54% due to inorganics in the biomass, but subsequent upgrading of that bio-oil had an average mass yield of 45% to liquid fuel, resulting in a similar final mass yield to fuel compared to the cleaner MPBK wood. Hydrogen consumption for the hog fuel upgrading averaged 0.041 g/g of bio-oil fed, and the final oxygen content of the product fuel ranged from 0.09% to 2.4% over the run. While it was confirmed that inorganic laded biomass yields less bio-oil, this work demonstrated that the resultant bio-oil can be upgraded to hydrocarbons at a higher yield than bio-oil from clean wood. Thus the final hydrocarbon yield from clean or residue biomass pyrolysis/upgrading was similar.

Zacher, Alan H.; Elliott, Douglas C.; Olarte, Mariefel V.; Santosa, Daniel M.; Preto, Fernando; Iisa, Kristiina

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Tribal Leader Energy Education Initiative - Speakers Bios | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

- Speakers Bios Tribal Leader Energy Education Initiative - Speakers Bios Speaker Bios.pdf More Documents & Publications OIENRELbios10-20-11 RETECH Pre-Conference Workshop...

45

User:Woodjr/Sandbox/GeoMap | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy NowNew Hampshire Address ChaseGeoNamesSfomailGeoMap

46

Building a Scalable GeoSpatial DBMS: Technology, Implementation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building a Scalable Geo­Spatial DBMS: Technology, Implementation, and Evaluation Jignesh Patel, Jie describe new techniques for building a parallel geo­ spatial DBMS, discuss our implementation

Tufte, Kristin

47

An overview of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) Ben Kravitz,1 Alan Robock] The Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) was designed to determine robust climate system model responses to solar geoengineering. GeoMIP currently consists of four standardized simulations involving

Robock, Alan

48

Bio-oil fractionation and condensation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of fractionating bio-oil vapors which involves providing bio-oil vapors comprising bio-oil constituents is described. The bio-oil vapors are cooled in a first stage which comprises a condenser having passages for the bio-oil separated by a heat conducting wall from passages for a coolant. The coolant in the condenser of the first stage is maintained at a substantially constant temperature, set at a temperature in the range of 75 to 100.degree. C., to condense a first liquid fraction of liquefied bio-oil constituents in the condenser of the first stage. The first liquid fraction of liquified bio-oil constituents from the condenser in the first stage is collected. Also described are steps for subsequently recovering further liquid fractions of liquefied bio-oil constituents. Particular compositions of bio-oil condensation products are also described.

Brown, Robert C; Jones, Samuel T; Pollard, Anthony

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

49

Lindsay Millert GEOS 206--Renewable Energy and the Sustainable Campuses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Millert 1 Lindsay Millert GEOS 206--Renewable Energy and the Sustainable Campuses Final Paper and the natural world. Sustainability is the intersection of these realms, the ultimate goal. The Renewable Energy of the earth's health, has thankfully adopted a campus sustainability initiative that reads as follows

Aalberts, Daniel P.

50

NCBI GEO: archive for functional genomics data sets--update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Genetics Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA Received and gene expres- sion profile charts. The GEO database continues to grow and is being actively developed towards facilitating data mining and discovery; this article provides an update of the current status

Levin, Judith G.

51

Second Pan American Geosynthetics Conference & Exhibition GeoAmericas 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geomembranes and geosynthetic clay liners of various phenolic compounds (phenol, o-cresol, p-cresol, 2Second Pan American Geosynthetics Conference & Exhibition GeoAmericas 2012 Lima, PerĂş - May 2012 Quantification of the impact of the transfer of phenolic coumpounds through landfill bottom liners J. Sousa

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Renewable Energies III Photovoltaics, Solar & Geo-Thermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energies III Photovoltaics, Solar & Geo-Thermal 21st August - 2nd September 2011 on the principles of solar energy conversion. Theoretical knowledge will be complemented with practical workshops of solar energy conversion. Theoretical knowledge will be comple- mented with practical workshops

53

Geo-neutrinos and the Radioactive Power of the Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical and physical Earth models agree little as to the radioactive power of the planet. Each predicts a range of radioactive powers, overlapping slightly with the other at about 24 TW, and together spanning 14-46 TW. Approximately 20 % of this radioactive power (3-8 TW) escapes to space in the form of geo-neutrinos. The remaining 11-38 TW heats the planet with significant geo-dynamical consequences, appearing as the radiogenic component of the 43-49 TW surface heat flow. The non-radiogenic component of the surface heat flow (5-38 TW) is presumably primordial, a legacy of the formation and early evolution of the planet. A constraining measurement of radiogenic heating provides insights to the thermal history of the Earth and potentially discriminates chemical and physical Earth models. Radiogenic heating in the planet primarily springs from unstable nuclides of uranium, thorium, and potassium. The paths to their stable daughter nuclides include nuclear beta decays, producing geo-neutrinos. Large sub-surface detectors efficiently record the energy but not the direction of the infrequent interactions of the highest energy geo-neutrinos, originating only from uranium and thorium. The measured energy spectrum of the interactions estimates the relative amounts of these heat-producing elements, while the intensity estimates planetary radiogenic power. Recent geo-neutrino observations in Japan and Italy find consistent values of radiogenic heating. The combined result mildly excludes the lowest model values of radiogenic heating and, assuming whole mantle convection, identifies primordial heat loss. Future observations have the potential to measure radiogenic heating with better precision, further constraining geological models and the thermal evolution of the Earth.

Steve Dye

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

College of Arts and Sciences BIO Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Arts and Sciences BIO Biology KEY: # = new course * = course changed =coursedropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 BIO 101 WAYS OF DOING BIOLOGY. (1,populations,space,energy,food,mineralresourcesandotherlifeonearth.Notforlifescience majors. BIO 103 BASIC IDEAS OF BIOLOGY. (3) Introductorybiology

MacAdam, Keith

55

GeoSyndicate Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo

56

Department of Energy Geo-Environmental Engineering Spring 2012 Diesel Engine Cost and Quality Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Energy Geo-Environmental Engineering Spring 2012 Diesel Engine Cost and Quality Improvement Overview Tasked with improving cost and quality throughout the Volvo diesel engine

Demirel, Melik C.

57

E-Print Network 3.0 - aos sistemas geo Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: ustica submarina para exploracao e observacao do oceano (tomografia, geo-acustica, etc) sao as dimens... veiculos e necessario em tarefas de...

58

Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides with Balanced Acid–Base Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bio-mass conversion has attracted increasing research interests to produce bio-fuels with bio-ethanol being a major product. Development of advanced processes to further upgrade bio-ethanol to other value added fuels or chemicals are pivotal to improving the economics of biomass conversion and deversifying the utilization of biomass resources. In this paper, for the first time, we report the direct conversion of bio-ethanol to isobutene with high yield (~83%) on a multifunctional ZnxZryOz mixed oxide with a dedicated balance of surface acid-base properties. This work illustrates the significance of rational design of a multifunctional mixed oxide catalyst for one step bio-ethanol conversion to a value-added intermediate, isobutene, for chemical and fuel production. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Sun, Junming; Zhu, Kake; Gao, Feng; Wang, Chong M.; Liu, Jun; Peden, Charles HF; Wang, Yong

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

D S Geo Innogy Fraport JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)CrowleyEnergy InformationCuyamungue,Czero, Inc JumpGeo

60

Geo energy research and development: technology transfer update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia Geo Energy Programs in geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel technologies have been effective in transferring research concepts to applications in private industry. This report updates the previous summary (SAND82-0211, March 1982) to include recent technology transfers and to reflect recent changes in philosophy on technology transfer. Over 40 items transferred to industry have been identified in the areas of Hardware, Risk Removal and Understanding. Successful transfer is due largely to personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staffs of private industry.

Traeger, R.K.; Dugan, V.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

GeoSprings Hybrid Water Heater - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun withGenepoolCrystals.Genomefor GenomicsGeoSprings

62

RAPID/Roadmap/Geo/Flowcharts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling7-HI-ceGeo/Flowcharts <

63

RAPID/Roadmap/Geo/Getting Started | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling7-HI-ceGeo/Flowcharts <

64

RAPID/Roadmap/Geo/Sections | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling7-HI-ceGeo/Flowcharts <source

65

Geo X GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo X GmbH Jump

66

GeoGreen Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo X

67

GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector: SolarGenoa is aGeo XGeoLectric

68

GEO NET Umweltconsulting GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. To create aGA SNC Solar JumpGCWindGEO NET

69

A Generic Biogeochemical Module for Earth System Models: Next Generation BioGeoChemical Module (NGBGC), Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physical and biogeochemical processes regulate soil carbon dynamics and CO2 flux to and from atmosphere, influencing global climate changes. Integration of these processes into earth system models (e.g., community land models (CLM)), however, currently faces three major challenges: 1) extensive efforts are required to modify modeling structures and to rewrite computer programs to incorporate new or updated processes as new knowledge is being generated, 2) computational cost is prohibitively expensive to simulate biogeochemical processes in land models due to large variations in the rates of biogeochemical processes, and 3) various mathematical representations of biogeochemical processes exist to incorporate different aspects of fundamental mechanisms, but systematic evaluation of the different mathematical representations is difficult, if not possible. To address these challenges, we propose a new computational framework to easily incorporate physical and biogeochemical processes into land models. The new framework consists of a new biogeochemical module with a generic algorithm and reaction database so that new and updated processes can be incorporated into land models without the need to manually set up the ordinary differential equations to be solved numerically. The reaction database consists of processes of nutrient flow through the terrestrial ecosystems in plants, litter and soil. This framework facilitates effective comparison studies of biogeochemical cycles in an ecosystem using different conceptual models under the same land modeling framework. The approach was first implemented in CLM and benchmarked against simulations from the original CLM-CN code. A case study was then provided to demonstrate the advantages of using the new approach to incorporate a phosphorus cycle into the CLM model. To our knowledge, the phosphorus-incorporated CLM is a new model that can be used to simulate phosphorus limitation on the productivity of terrestrial ecosystems.

Fang, Yilin; Huang, Maoyi; Liu, Chongxuan; Li, Hongyi; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

70

ENGINEERING MECHANICS SEMINARSENGINEERING MECHANICS SEMINARS BIO COMPOSITES FOR AVIATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon composite general aviation aircraft); and Manager of Materials and Structures Research at Sikorsky temperature and bio material composite programs. In bio composite material programs Ron frequently worksENGINEERING MECHANICS SEMINARSENGINEERING MECHANICS SEMINARS BIO COMPOSITES FOR AVIATION Ron

Ponce, V. Miguel

71

PCR - Ligation Assembly Standard for BioBrick Parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This Request for Comments (RFC) describes a novel method for the assembly of standard BioBrick parts. This assembly method for BioBrick parts is an improvement upon the conventional methods of BioBrick part assembly. This ...

He, Tony PeiYuan

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bio-Oils Workshop on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oils Introduction presentation report-out at the CTAB webinar on bio-oils. ctabwebinarbiooilsintro.pdf...

73

The Pennsylvania State University www.BioEnergyBridge.psu.edu 1 BioEnergy Bridge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© The Pennsylvania State University www.BioEnergyBridge.psu.edu 1 Penn State BioEnergy# trichard@psu.edu rtw103@psu.edu www.bioenergy.psu.edu Biomass Energy Center #12;© The Pennsylvania State · The BioEnergy BridgeTM will address the full spectrum of challenges to our national priority of reducing

Lee, Dongwon

74

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation by Bob Evans at the 2007 DOE Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review Meeting provides information about NREL's distributed bio-oil reforming efforts.

Evans, R. J.; Czernik, S.; French, R.; Ratcliff, M.; Marda, J.; Dean, A. M.

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

FTIR Emission Spectra, Molecular Constants, and Potential Curve of Ground State GeO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FTIR Emission Spectra, Molecular Constants, and Potential Curve of Ground State GeO Edward G. Lee-resolution FTIR emission spectroscopy measurements for the five common isoto- pomers of GeO are combined­9), photoelectron spectroscopy (10), electronic absorption (11­13), and emission (14) spectroscopy, and in matrix

Le Roy, Robert J.

76

Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)1! Ben Kravitz,1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! 1 Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)1! 2! Ben, MSIN K9-24, Richland, WA32! 99352, ben.kravitz@pnnl.gov.33! #12;! 2 Abstract34! Solar geoengineering of the Geoengineering Model37! Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP), in which 12 climate models have simulated the climate38

Robock, Alan

77

GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making Cyrus-to-end system that enables geospatial decision-making by virtualizing the real-world geolocations. With GeoDec, first the geolocation of interest is rapidly and realistically simulated and all relevant geospatial

Shahabi, Cyrus

78

Analytical, Visual, and Interactive Concepts for Geo-Visual Analytics Heidrun Schumanna,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supporting the visual analysis of structured multivariate geo-spatial data is a challenging task involving [15], Chapter 4). In this work, we consider visual analytics support for the analysis of multivariate and analysis of geo-spatial data. In particular, we address the visualization of hierarchical structures

Tominski, Christian

79

Curriculum for Joint Doctoral Programme Geo-Engineering and Water Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Curriculum for Joint Doctoral Programme Geo-Engineering and Water Management Curriculum for Joint Doctoral Programme Geo-Engineering and Water Management June 2009 Introduction This Curriculum for Joint-Engineering and Water Management. The participating Universities and Faculties in this Joint Doctoral Programme (JDP

80

Research on Ocean Resources, Marine Geo-Engineering and Climate Change -New Regulations: Implications for Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research on Ocean Resources, Marine Geo-Engineering and Climate Change - New Regulations: Implications for Ocean Engineers Dr. Philomène Verlaan Visiting Colleague, Department of Oceanography & Senior Framework for Scientific Research Involving Ocean Fertilization", a definition of marine geo-engineering

Frandsen, Jannette B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Bellini: Ferrying Application Traffic Flows through Geo-distributed Datacenters in the Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bellini: Ferrying Application Traffic Flows through Geo-distributed Datacenters in the Cloud Zimu. To take full advantage of superior connectivities between geo-distributed datacenters, application traffic, implementing and deploying such inter- datacenter protocols for various applications, such as messaging

Li, Baochun

82

Enhancing Mobile Object Classification Using Geo-referenced Maps and Evidential Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Mobile Object Classification Using Geo-referenced Maps and Evidential Grids Marek Kurdej, geo-referenced maps, mobile perception, prior knowledge, evidential occupancy grid, au- tonomous, Julien Moras, V´eronique Cherfaoui, Philippe Bonnifait Abstract-- Evidential grids have recently shown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Organizations Redefining The Frontiers of Bioenergy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Facilities and Centers | BioEnergy Science Center BioEnergy Science Center |...

84

Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable Phenolic Foam for Building Insulation Development of a Bio-Based, Inexpensive, Noncorrosive, Nonflammable...

85

T-598: Apache Tomcat HTTP BIO Connector Error Discloses Information...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

598: Apache Tomcat HTTP BIO Connector Error Discloses Information From Different Requests to Remote Users T-598: Apache Tomcat HTTP BIO Connector Error Discloses Information From...

86

Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Oil Upgrading Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading PNNL report-out at the CTAB webinar on Bio-Oil Upgrading. ctabwebinarbiooilsupgrading.pdf More...

87

BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership...

88

BioFuels and BioEnergy - SRSCRO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearch HighlightsToolsBESEnergy Department to ProvideBigNeuron:bio

89

GeoTriples: a Tool for Publishing Geospatial Data as RDF Graphs Using R2RML Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GeoTriples: a Tool for Publishing Geospatial Data as RDF Graphs Using R2RML Mappings Kostis the tool GeoTriples that allows the transformation of Earth Observation data and geospatial data into RDF of geospatial data. GeoTriples is a semi- automated tool that transforms geospatial information into RDF follow

Koubarakis, Manolis

90

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent(CRADA and DOW Area 5 LLRWDistributed Bio-Oil

91

GEO-SEQ Best Practices Manual. Geologic Carbon Dioxide Sequestration: Site Evaluation to Implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first phase of the GEO-SEQ project was a multidisciplinary effort focused on investigating ways to lower the cost and risk of geologic carbon sequestration. Through our research in the GEO-SEQ project, we have produced results that may be of interest to the wider geologic carbon sequestration community. However, much of the knowledge developed in GEO-SEQ is not easily accessible because it is dispersed in the peer-reviewed literature and conference proceedings in individual papers on specific topics. The purpose of this report is to present key GEO-SEQ findings relevant to the practical implementation of geologic carbon sequestration in the form of a Best Practices Manual. Because our work in GEO-SEQ focused on the characterization and project development aspects, the scope of this report covers practices prior to injection, referred to as the design phase. The design phase encompasses activities such as selecting sites for which enhanced recovery may be possible, evaluating CO{sub 2} capacity and sequestration feasibility, and designing and evaluating monitoring approaches. Through this Best Practices Manual, we have endeavored to place our GEO-SEQ findings in a practical context and format that will be useful to readers interested in project implementation. The overall objective of this Manual is to facilitate putting the findings of the GEO-SEQ project into practice.

Benson, Sally M.; Myer, Larry R.; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Doughty, Christine A.; Pruess, Karsten; Lewicki, Jennifer; Hoversten, Mike; Gasperikova, Erica; Daley, Thomas; Majer, Ernie; Lippmann, Marcelo; Tsang, Chin-Fu; Knauss, Kevin; Johnson, James; Foxall, William; Ramirez, Abe; Newmark, Robin; Cole, David; Phelps, Tommy J.; Parker, J.; Palumbo, A.; Horita, J.; Fisher, S.; Moline, Gerry; Orr, Lynn; Kovscek, Tony; Jessen, K.; Wang, Y.; Zhu, J.; Cakici, M.; Hovorka, Susan; Holtz, Mark; Sakurai, Shinichi; Gunter, Bill; Law, David; van der Meer, Bert

2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

92

DOE-IG-0513 - Bio Mass.PDF  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContracttoAugust 05,0-1March 22, 20005504-95 March

93

Mass spectrometry on bio-renewable fuels | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale Landscape PrintSurveyMaryspectrometry on

94

Addressing the Need for Alternative Transportation Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy Institute Harvey W. Blanch †,‡,§,¶, * † Joint BioEnergy Institute, ‡ Department of Chemicalbiomass monomers. The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) is a

Blanch, Harvey

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

TR 2006/002 ISSN 0874-338X GeoThms -Geometry Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Montenegro Centre for Informatics and Systems of the University of Coimbra #12;GeoThms - Geometry Framework 11000 Belgrade, SERBIA & MONTENEGRO e-mail: janicic@matf.bg.ac.yu April 24, 2006 1 This work

Almeida, Pedro Quaresma de

96

GeoEnergy is Beautiful 2014 – Apply by April 5th!  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

GeoEnergy Is Beautiful 2014 is a student competition promoting awareness of geothermal energy as a key player in the nation's renewable energy mix. Student teams from leading colleges and...

97

Sea spray geoengineering experiments in the geoengineering model intercomparison project (GeoMIP): Experimental design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea spray geoengineering experiments in the geoengineering model intercomparison project (Geo geoengineering. We outline here a proposal for three coordinated climate modeling experiments to test aspects of sea spray geoengineering, to be conducted under the auspices of the Geoengineering Model

Robock, Alan

98

"Foundation Challenges in Urban Environment" Presented by ASCE Metropolitan Section / Geo-Institute Chapter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Foundation Challenges in Urban Environment" Presented by ASCE Metropolitan Section / Geo EXCAVATION STABILITY: A CRITICAL FOUNDATION CONSIDERATION IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTS Daniel A. Vellone, PG, M: Urban construction environments in rock present unique foundation challenges. Owners, design

Merguerian, Charles

99

GeoF: Geodesic Forests for Learning Coupled Predictors P. Kontschieder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GeoF: Geodesic Forests for Learning Coupled Predictors P. Kontschieder P. Kohli J. Shotton A are captured via new long-range, soft connectivity features, computed via generalized geodesic distance trans

Kohli, Pushmeet

100

Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008A360 Mineralogical coevolution of the geo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2008A360 Mineralogical coevolution of the geo- and biospheres R, USA The mineralogy of terrestrial planets evolves as a consequence of varied physical, chemical 1500 different mineral species. Biological processes began to affect Earth's surface mineralogy

Downs, Robert T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Documentation of BioBrick parts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purpose of this RFC is to improve the information supplied by BioBrick part vendors. Reason to have this RFC is that there would be much more information available which can help improve the search time of the user. ...

Slomp, Arend

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

102

Catalytic Hydroprocessing of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil to Produce Hydrocarbon Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic hydroprocessing has been applied to biomass fast pyrolysis liquid product (bio-oil) in a bench-scale continuous-flow fixed-bed reactor system. The intent of the research was to develop process technology to convert the bio-oil into a petroleum refinery feedstock to supplement fossil energy resources and to displace imported feedstock. The project was a cooperative research and development agreement among UOP LLC, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). This paper is focused on the process experimentation and product analysis undertaken at PNNL. The paper describes the experimental methods used and relates the results of the product analyses. A range of catalyst formulations were tested over a range of operating parameters including temperature, pressure, and flow-rate with bio-oil derived from several different biomass feedstocks. Effects of liquid hourly space velocity and catalyst bed temperature were assessed. Details of the process results were presented including mass and elemental balances. Detailed analysis of the products were provided including elemental composition, chemical functional type determined by mass spectrometry, and product descriptors such as density, viscosity and Total Acid Number (TAN). In summation, the paper provides an understanding of the efficacy of hydroprocessing as applied to bio-oil.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Hart, Todd R.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Rotness, Leslie J.; Zacher, Alan H.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Montana State University ME 455 Bio-Inspired Engineering1 ME 455: BIO-INSPIRED ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problem solutions. Structure, thermal, and fluid concepts in nature applied to engineering. Advanced. 2) Perform basic structural, thermal, and fluid analyses in biological and engineering systems. 3Montana State University ME 455 Bio-Inspired Engineering1 ME 455: BIO-INSPIRED ENGINEERING CATALOG

Dyer, Bill

104

Whither `nano' or `bio'? | Rob Ritchie So what's all this hype about `nano' and `bio'?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPINION Whither `nano' or `bio'? | Rob Ritchie So what's all this hype about `nano' and `bio of these words. Indeed, I've heard numerous people glibly state that, unless the title of your proposal has `nano! The nano revolution has certainly taken our field by storm. One constantly hears of the new paradigm ­ we

Ritchie, Robert

105

Supporting BioMedical Information Retrieval: The BioTracer Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supporting BioMedical Information Retrieval: The BioTracer Approach Heri Ramampiaro1 and Chen Li2 1 biomedical in- formation has put a high demand on existing search systems. Such a tool should be able the relevant ones the highest rank- ing. Focusing on biomedical information, this work investigates how

Li, Chen

106

The climatology of parameterized physical processes in the GEOS-1 GCM and their impact on the GEOS-1 data assimilation system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) General Circulation Model (GCM) is part of the GEOS Data Assimilation System (DAS), which is being developed at the Goddard Data Assimilation Office for the production of climate datasets. This study examines Version 1 of the GEOS GCM by evaluating the quality of the fields that relate most closely to the GCM physical parameterizations and examines the impact of the GCM climate errors on the climate of the DAS assimilated fields. The climate characteristics are evaluated using independent satellite and ground-based data for comparison. The GEOS-1 GCM shows reasonably good agreement with available observations in terms of general global distribution and seasonal cycles. The major biases or systematic errors are a tendency toward a dry tropical atmosphere and an inadequate cloud radiative impact in the extratropics. Other systematic errors are a generally wet subtropical atmosphere, slightly excess precipitation over the continents, and excess cloud radiative effects over the Tropics. There is also an underestimation of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes over the area of maximum flux. The DAS climate characteristics, in general, show better agreement with available observations than the GCM. Four distinct ways that the GCM impacts the DAS have been identified, ranging from a DAS climate with little or no impact form the GCM bias to a DAS climate with a greater bias than the GCM due to a spurious feedback between the GCM and the input data. 59 refs., 26 figs.

Molod, A.; Helfand, H.M.; Takacs, L.L. [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)] [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

AREA DEL PERSONALE SETTORE PERSONALE DOCENTE E RICERCATORE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ruolo di I fascia: AGR/01 BIO/09 BIO/10 BIO/12 BIO/13 CHIM/01 CHIM/03 CHIM/06 FIS/04 FIS/07 GEO/03 GEO BIO/18 CHIM/02 CHIM/03 CHIM/06 CHIM/12 FIS/01 FIS/02 FIS/03 FIS/04 FIS/05 FIS/07 FIS/08 GEO/03 GEO/05 BIO/17CHIM/02 CHIM/03 CHIM/04CHIM/06 FIS/01 FIS/03 FIS/04 FIS/06 FIS/07 GEO/04 GEO/05 GEO/07 INF/01

Milano-Bicocca, UniversitĂ 

108

GEO-ENGINEERING MODELING THROUGH INTERNET INFORMATICS (GEMINI)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GEMINI (Geo-Engineering Modeling through Internet Informatics) is a public-domain web application focused on analysis and modeling of petroleum reservoirs and plays (http://www.kgs.ukans.edu/Gemini/index.html). GEMINI creates a virtual project by ''on-the-fly'' assembly and analysis of on-line data either from the Kansas Geological Survey or uploaded from the user. GEMINI's suite of geological and engineering web applications for reservoir analysis include: (1) petrofacies-based core and log modeling using an interactive relational rock catalog and log analysis modules; (2) a well profile module; (3) interactive cross sections to display ''marked'' wireline logs; (4) deterministic gridding and mapping of petrophysical data; (5) calculation and mapping of layer volumetrics; (6) material balance calculations; (7) PVT calculator; (8) DST analyst, (9) automated hydrocarbon association navigator (KHAN) for database mining, and (10) tutorial and help functions. The Kansas Hydrocarbon Association Navigator (KHAN) utilizes petrophysical databases to estimate hydrocarbon pay or other constituent at a play- or field-scale. Databases analyzed and displayed include digital logs, core analysis and photos, DST, and production data. GEMINI accommodates distant collaborations using secure password protection and authorized access. Assembled data, analyses, charts, and maps can readily be moved to other applications. GEMINI's target audience includes small independents and consultants seeking to find, quantitatively characterize, and develop subtle and bypassed pays by leveraging the growing base of digital data resources. Participating companies involved in the testing and evaluation of GEMINI included Anadarko, BP, Conoco-Phillips, Lario, Mull, Murfin, and Pioneer Resources.

W. Lynn Watney; John H. Doveton

2004-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2008 - all rights reserved 1 (tm) BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring August 6th, 2008 Copyright SP3H 2007 -- all rights reserved 2 Biofuel...

110

MEMS for Bio Applications Ian Papautsky, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to as BioMEMS or BioMicrosystems. In addition to many microfluidic devices, such as pumps, mixers, valves have been developed. Microfluidic devices and LOCs have generated interest in many application fields the SPIE Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems Conference and served on the organizing committee

Baudoin, Geneviève

111

Geoid displacement about Greenland resulting from past and present-day mass changes in the Greenland Ice Sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geoid displacement about Greenland resulting from past and present- day mass changes in the Greenland Ice Sheet K. Fleming, Z. Martinec, and J. Hagedoorn Geodesy and Remote Sensing, Geo-isostatic adjustment (GIA) following the Last Glacial Maximum and from present- day mass changes in the Greenland Ice

Cerveny, Vlastislav

112

Fuel Cells on Bio-Gas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Fuel cells operating on bio-gas offer a pathway to renewable electricity generation; (2) With federal incentives of $3,500/kW or 30% of the project costs, reasonable payback periods of less than five years can be achieved; (3) Tri-generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen offers an alternative route to solving the H{sub 2} infrastructure problem facing fuel cell vehicle deployment; and (4) DOE will be promoting bio-gas fuel cells in the future under its Market Transformation Programs.

Remick, R. J.

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

113

BioJet Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View NewLtdBioFuelsBioJet

114

Long-term surveillance and maintenance Geo-spatial Environmental Mapping System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For sites currently under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) and for sites transitioning to LM, technical, operational, and environmental monitoring information continues to be of great interest to stakeholders. The Web-based Geo-spatial Environmental Mapping System (GEMS) developed by LM provides stakeholders, DOE, regulators, project staff, and the public with a user-friendly mechanism for retrieving geo-spatial and environmental monitoring information about the sites. This paper discusses GEMS and its use by LM stakeholders. (authors)

Appetta, J. [U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); MacMillan, S.; Miller, K.; LaBonte, E. [S.M. Stoller Corporation, Junction, CO (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

GeoTriples: a Tool for Publishing Geospatial Data as RDF Graphs Using R2RML Mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GeoTriples: a Tool for Publishing Geospatial Data as RDF Graphs Using R2RML Mappings Kostis the linked data paradigm. Therefore, Earth Ob- servation data and other kinds of geospatial data and geospatial data into RDF graphs. GeoTriples goes beyond the state of the art by extending the R2RML mapping

Koubarakis, Manolis

116

Forest Biomass Supply for BioForest Biomass Supply for Bio--productionproduction in the Southeastern United Statesin the Southeastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Biomass Supply for BioForest Biomass Supply for BioBio--production and biomass utilizationsproduction and biomass utilizations Industrial sector: for heat and steam Utility sector: for electricity Forest biomass: Agricultural biomass: Transportation sector: for biofuels

Gray, Matthew

117

BIO: Milton H. Marquis Professor of Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIO: Milton H. Marquis Professor of Economics Bellamy Building Department of Economics Florida received a Mas- ter of Arts degree in Economics in 1982 and a Ph.D. in Economics in 1985 from Indiana University. He has taught economics and finance at St. Olaf College in Northfield, MN and at Florida State

Bowers, Philip L.

118

Flexible Bio-battery February 7, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flexible Bio-battery Materials Thursday February 7, 2013 12:30pm - 1:30pm Talk by Dr. W.H. Katie at Washington State University (WSU), and 2012 International Visiting Research Scholar with the Peter Wall elastic and superior ionic conductive solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are prerequisite

Handy, Todd C.

119

Energy dissipation in bio molecular machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy dissipation in bio molecular machines Thesis for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor Trondheim applied to molecular machines and energy trans- duction and dissipation in these. The main result to include heat effects. This framework is general and can be applied to other molecular machines as well

Kjelstrup, Signe

120

Biofuels and bio-products derived from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEED Biofuels and bio- products derived from lignocellulosic biomass (plant materials) are part improve the energy and carbon efficiencies of biofuels production from a barrel of biomass using chemical and thermal catalytic mechanisms. The Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels IMPACT

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIO-OPTICAL PRESENTATIONS YEARS 2000 ­ 2004 YEAR 00-01 Armstrong, R.A., F. Gilbes, R. Guerrero. Lopez, and F. Gilbes, 2000, "Apparent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Station", Ocean Optics XV, Monaco. Gilbes, F., and R.A. Armstrong, 2000, "Inherent Optical Properties at the Caribbean Time Series

Gilbes, Fernando

122

Fuel Cell Generation in Geo-Distributed Cloud Services: A Quantitative Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Cell Generation in Geo-Distributed Cloud Services: A Quantitative Study Zhi Zhou1 Fangming Liu of fuel cell energy in cloud computing, yet it is unclear what and how much benefit it may bring. This paper, for the first time, attempts to quantitatively examine the benefits brought by fuel cell

Li, Baochun

123

Arctic sea ice and atmospheric circulation under the GeoMIP G1 scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arctic sea ice and atmospheric circulation under the GeoMIP G1 scenario John C. Moore1 , Annette Rinke1,2 , Xiaoyong Yu1 , Duoying Ji1 , Xuefeng Cui1 , Yan Li3 , Kari Alterskjær4 , Jón Egill Centre, Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract We analyze simulated sea ice

Robock, Alan

124

Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) Ben Kravitz,1 geoengineering--deliberate reduction in the amount of solar radiation retained by the Earth--has been proposed present results from Experiment G1 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project, in which 12

Robock, Alan

125

Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate model response from the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP) Ben Kravitz,1 Received 7 January 2013; revised 3 July 2013; accepted 10 July 2013. [1] Solar geoengineering Experiment G1 of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project, in which 12 climate models have simulated

Moore, John

126

Carbon-aware Load Balancing for Geo-distributed Cloud Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon-aware Load Balancing for Geo-distributed Cloud Services Zhi Zhou1 Fangming Liu1 Yong Xu1 Chinese University of Hong Kong. Abstract--Recently, datacenter carbon emission has become an emerging of the electricity carbon footprint can be fully exploited to further green the cloud running on top

Lui, John C.S.

127

GeoDaze 2008 The University of Arizona Department of Geosciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributions. Organizations Applied Geoscience LLC Arizona Geological Society BP Chevron ConocoPhillips Errol C. Melton Megan Anderson Miles Shaw Nancy Naeser Patrick Gisler Paul Martin Peter Kresan Richard Pfirman Terrence Gerlach Vance Haynes William, Jr. Jenny i #12;GeoDaze 2008 Committee Co-Chairs Treasurer Field

Holliday, Vance T.

128

An Open GeoSpatial Standards-Enabled Google Earth Application to Support Crisis Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Open GeoSpatial Standards-Enabled Google Earth Application to Support Crisis Management Scott-863-7943 Email: @psu.edu ABSTRACT Google Earth (GE) and related open geospatial technologies have changed both the accessibility of and audience for geospatial information dramatically

Klippel, Alexander

129

Visualization of Heterogeneous GeoSpatial Intelligence in a Mobile Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visualization of Heterogeneous GeoSpatial Intelligence in a Mobile Environment Srikumar Ramalingam for visualization of heterogeneous geospatial information in a synchronous manner. Geospatial reg- istration between to enable location awareness for the mobile agents. Querying of geospatial databases is supported to obtain

Lodha, Suresh K.

130

GEO-PROCESSING IN CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE: MAKING THE WEB AN EASY TO USE GEOSPATIAL COMPUTATIONAL PLATFORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEO-PROCESSING IN CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE: MAKING THE WEB AN EASY TO USE GEOSPATIAL COMPUTATIONAL Geospatial Consortium, Crofton, MD 21114, USA ­ gpercivall@opengeospatial.org b MINES ParisTech, Sophia standards from IETF and W3C. Access to explicitly geospatial data is routinely done using data access

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

"Foundation Challenges in Urban Environments" Presented by ASCE Metropolitan Section / Geo-Institute Chapter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Foundation Challenges in Urban Environments" Presented by ASCE Metropolitan Section / Geo-Institute Chapter May 16, 2013, New York City FOUNDATION CHALLENGES IN THE NEW YORK CITY METROPOLITAN AREA CAUSED by foundation engineers and constructors in the New York City metropolitan area are the result of a complex

Horvath, John S.

132

ORIGINAL ARTICLE GeoChip 3.0 as a high-throughput tool for analyzing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significantly changed with the plant species diversity. As expected, GeoChip 3.0 is a high-throughput powerful Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA and 8 Virtual Institute Keywords: microarray; functional genes; microbial community; plant diversity Introduction Microorganisms

Hazen, Terry

133

ORIGINAL ARTICLE GeoChip 3.0 as a high-throughput tool for analyzing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significantly changed with the plant species diversity. As expected, GeoChip 3.0 is a high-throughput powerful Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA and 8 Virtual Institute in microbial ecology Keywords: microarray; functional genes; microbial community; plant diversity Introduction

Weiblen, George D

134

Visualizing Multivariate Network Using GeoSOM and Spherical Disk Layout School of Information Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Connections in the network describe relationships/activities between the data points. Many real world data countries are repre- sented as nodes, each country has properties like gross domestic product (GDP), GDP Previously, we treat each graph node as a point in high-dimensional space and use GeoSOM to project the nodes

Hong,Seokhee

135

2006 GeoX Conference, pages 1 to 6 Characterisation of hydraulic fractures in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006 GeoX Conference, pages 1 to 6 Characterisation of hydraulic fractures in limestones using X, France Jacques.Desrues@hmg.inpg.fr ABSTRACT: Hydraulic tension fractures were produced in porous, hydraulic fracture, permeability tensor MOTS-CLĂ?S: microtomographie, fracturation hydraulique, tenseur de

136

Forcings and feedbacks in the GeoMIP ensemble for a reduction in solar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to better understand the impact of solar radiation management on the energy budget. In spite of their veryForcings and feedbacks in the GeoMIP ensemble for a reduction in solar irradiance and increase, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China, 7 Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK, 8 Atmospheric Sciences

Robock, Alan

137

The scientific,technical,and sociopolitical challenges of finding a secure site for a geo-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scientific,technical,and sociopolitical challenges of finding a secure site for a geo- logical,vitrified residue from reprocessing power reactor fuel) 2 years ago.Over the next 10­20 years,NUMO hopes to find in a comprehensive, scenario-based safety assessment,a repository will be located to avoid direct penetration

Connor, Charles

138

Bio-based Greases: Environmental concerns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are causing a resurgence for these plant-based lubricants. 36 • MAY 2014 TRIBOLOGY & LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY WWW.STLE.ORGAFTER A 150-YEAR HIATUS, lubricating greases made from agricultural products are making a comeback. For some 4,000 years, animal fats, olive oil and other biobased materials kept wheels and gears moving along smoothly. The shift toward petroleum-based lubricants came about only in the latter half of the 19th century. 1 Now uncertainties in petroleum prices and supply sources, coupled with an emerging awareness of environmental factors, are turning a small segment of the market back to lubricants made from renewable resources—mainly plants. Back to the Future Can bio-based lubricants compete in a world of high-capacity generators, jet aircraft engines and 18-wheel trucks? This question is particularly challenging when the lubricants are greases, which require thickeners and additives and must perform under heavy loads and in hostile environments. WHY BIO?

unknown authors

139

BioSAR Airborne Biomass Sensing System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This CRADA was developed to enable ORNL to assist American Electronics, Inc. test a new technology--BioSAR. BioSAR is a an airborne, low frequency (80-120 MHz {approx} FM radio frequencies) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) technology which was designed and built for NASA by ZAI-Amelex under Patrick Johnson's direction. At these frequencies, leaves and small branches are nearly transparent and the majority of the energy reflected from the forest and returned to the radar is from the tree trunks. By measuring the magnitude of the back scatter, the volume of the tree trunk and therefore the biomass of the trunks can be inferred. The instrument was successfully tested on tropical rain forests in Panama. Patrick Johnson, with American Electronics, Inc received a Phase II SBIR grant from DOE Office of Climate Change to further test and refine the instrument. Mr Johnson sought ORNL expertise in measuring forest biomass in order for him to further validate his instrument. ORNL provided ground truth measurements of forest biomass at three locations--the Oak Ridge Reservation, Weyerhaeuser Co. commercial pine plantations in North Carolina, and American Energy and Power (AEP) Co. hardwood forests in southern Ohio, and facilitated flights over these forests. After Mr. Johnson processed the signal data from BioSAR instrument, the processed data were given to ORNL and we attempted to derive empirical relationships between the radar signals and the ground truth forest biomass measurements using standard statistical techniques. We were unsuccessful in deriving such relationships. Shortly before the CRADA ended, Mr Johnson discovered that FM signal from local radio station broadcasts had interfered with the back scatter measurements such that the bulk of the signal received by the BioSAR instrument was not backscatter from the radar but rather was local radio station signals.

Graham, R.L.; Johnson, P.

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

140

Retrofitting analysis of integrated bio-refineries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for biomass for purpose use (U.S. Department of Energy 2004) 14 There are also other platforms such as biogas, carbon-rich chains, plant products and bio-oil which are beyond the scope of this work. Biogas platform is the decomposition... Thailand 74 Mexico 9 Germany 71 Nicaragua 8 Ukraine 66 Mauritius 6 Canada 61 Zimbabwe 6 Poland 53 Kenya 3 Indonesia 42 Swaziland 3 Argentina 42 Others 338 Total 10770 Many countries try to reduce petroleum imports...

Cormier, Benjamin R.

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

BioCatalytics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:Great EscapeBinaryBioCarbon

142

BioSolar Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:GreatBioGold Fuels

143

World Bio Markets | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,InstitutesEnergyWeatherstrippingWhereNoraBacaConferencesWorld Bio

144

Method to upgrade bio-oils to fuel and bio-crude  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a method and device to produce esterified, olefinated/esterified, or thermochemolytic reacted bio-oils as fuels. The olefinated/esterified product may be utilized as a biocrude for input to a refinery, either alone or in combination with petroleum crude oils. The bio-oil esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of alcohol and acid catalyst. The olefination/esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to catalyze olefins added to previously etherified bio-oil; the olefins and alcohol may also be simultaneously combined and catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to produce the olefinated/esterified product.

Steele, Philip H; Pittman, Jr., Charles U; Ingram, Jr., Leonard L; Gajjela, Sanjeev; Zhang, Zhijun; Bhattacharya, Priyanka

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

145

I-65, America's First BioFuels Corridor: Timeline and Map  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

65 America's First BioFuels Corridor Timeline www.I65BioFuelsCorridor.com Corridor Partners 1 10 2 5 4 3 6 7 8 9 I 65 America's First BioFuels Corridor Timeline...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - advancing bio-hydrogen presentation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

producing bio-hydrogen 27 2.3.3 Photo-fermentation producing bio-hydrogen 28 2.3.4 Biogas production 28 2... Dark fermentation producing bio-hydrogen Photo-fermentation...

147

Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors, Distributed Models, and Refinery Co-Processing July 30, 2014 Bryna Berendzen Technology Manager BETO Conversion...

148

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production Systems, Sandy Thomas, H2Gen Integrated Short Contact Time Hydrogen Generator, Wei Wei, GE Global Research Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming, Darlene Steward,...

149

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...

150

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by Arlene Anderson at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

151

High-Speed, Stereoselective Polymerization for Renewable, Bio...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Speed, Stereoselective Polymerization for Renewable, Bio-derived Plastics Fabrication of polymers and plastics from naturally renewable feedstocks offers the potential for a cost...

152

Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Oil Production Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Production RTI International report-out at the CTAB webinar on Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels...

153

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Development Manager, U.S. DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen...

154

All-sky search for gravitational-wave bursts in the first joint LIGO-GEO-Virgo run  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from an all-sky search for unmodeled gravitational-wave bursts in the data collected by the LIGO, GEO 600 and Virgo detectors between November 2006 and October 2007. The search is performed by three ...

Weiss, Rainer

155

The DBCLS BioHackathon: standardization and interoperability for bioinformatics web services and workflows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The DBCLS BioHackathon: standardization and interoperabilityThe DBCLS BioHackathon: standardization and interoperabilitythis event, including the standardization of data exchange

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI): Developing New Biofuels by Overcoming Biomass Recalcitrance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioenerg. Res. (010-9086-2 The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI): DevelopingThe mission of the Joint BioEnergy Institute is to advance

Scheller, Henrik Vibe; Singh, Seema; Blanch, Harvey; Keasling, Jay D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

* Paper submitted in partial fulfillment of credit in Bio 399-Biology Internship at The College of New Jersey Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Paper submitted in partial fulfillment of credit in Bio 399-Biology Internship at The College in regulating gypsy moth populations at low densities, this study examined the resting spore load in the soil management solutions include augmenting the spore load in the soil, introducing sterile egg masses

Lovett, Gary M.

158

Towards Optimal Placement of Bio-Weapon Chris Kiekintveld  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Vice versa, our objective is to minimize the potential effect of a bio-weapon attack. CommentTowards Optimal Placement of Bio-Weapon Detectors Chris Kiekintveld Department of Computer Science, USA Email: lolerma@episd.edu Abstract--Biological weapons are difficult and expensive to detect

Ward, Karen

159

European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil) Dec 15, 2006 Doug Bradley President Climate Change Solutions National Team Leader- IEA Bioenergy Task 40- Bio-trade 402 Third Avenue ·Ottawa, Ontario ·Canada K. Market Determining Factors 5. EU Country Perspectives 6. Potential European Markets 6.1. Pulp Mill Lime

160

Ternion Bio Industries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation & SolutionsKentucky) Jump to:Ternion Bio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bio-Benefits Basics | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio

162

BioEnergy Blog | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio-85271News

163

Argonaut BioFuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300AlgoilEnergy InformationArcata,Koblitz Jump to:Argonaut BioFuels Jump to:

164

BioGenerator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View NewLtdBioFuels

165

BioXchange Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History ViewSystems Pty LtdBioXchange

166

Blue Sky Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJump to:BlackfeetBreezesBlueRidge,Bio

167

BioFuel Oasis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:Great EscapeBinaryBioCarbonBESOasis

168

INEOS New Planet BioEnergy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S. Department of EnergyKickoff490INEOS New Planet BioEnergy

169

Alcotra Bio Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasilInformation 5-01Alchem Ltd JumpAlcooleiraAlcotra Bio

170

Quercetin as natural stabilizing agent for bio-polymer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The introduction of antioxidants in polymers is the main way to prevent or delay the degradation process. In particular natural antioxidants receive attention in the food industry also because of their presumed safety. In this work bio-polymers, i.e. a commercial starch-based polymer (Mater-Bi®) and a bio-polyester (PLA), and a bio-polyether (PEO) were additivated with quercetin, a natural flavonoid antioxidants, in order to formulate bio-based films for ecosustainable packaging and outdoor applications. The photo-oxidation behavior of unstabilized and quercetin stabilized films was analyzed and compared with the behavior of films additivated with a commercial synthetic light stabilizer. The quercetin is able to slow down the photo-degradation rate of all bio-polymeric films investigated in similar way to the synthetic stabilizer.

Morici, Elisabetta [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica, Universitŕ di Palermo, 90128 Palermo (Italy); Arrigo, Rossella; Dintcheva, Nadka Tzankova [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, Aerospaziale, dei Materiali, Universitŕ di Palermo, 90128 Palermo (Italy)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Bio/Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance Supervisor/Manager Open Applicant Pool BioMARC/IDRC/OVPR/CSU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio/Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance Supervisor/Manager Open Applicant Pool Bio at the end of this document. The jobs covered in this pool include: LS0054 ­ Quality Assurance Supervisor/Manager Job description of the QA Supervisor/Manager position: This position requires strong knowledge

Stephens, Graeme L.

172

Bio-pharmaceutical entrepreneurship in two Japanese and French bio-clusters: differences in founder's profiles and experience.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

breakthroughs, a new type of firm has emerged in the pharmaceutical industry, called the New Biotechnology FirmBio-pharmaceutical entrepreneurship in two Japanese and French bio- clusters: differences academia to the pharmaceutical market and facilitate technological incursions into drug development

Boyer, Edmond

173

Pyrolysis of waste animal fats in a fixed-bed reactor: Production and characterization of bio-oil and bio-char  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • Produced bio-fuels (bio-oil and bio-char) from some animal fatty wastes. • Investigated the effects of main parameters on pyrolysis products distribution. • Determined the suitable conditions for the production of the maximum of bio-oil. • Characterized bio-oils and bio-chars obtained from several animal fatty wastes. - Abstract: Several animal (lamb, poultry and swine) fatty wastes were pyrolyzed under nitrogen, in a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor and the main products (liquid bio-oil, solid bio-char and syngas) were obtained. The purpose of this study is to produce and characterize bio-oil and bio-char obtained from pyrolysis of animal fatty wastes. The maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at a pyrolysis temperature of 500 °C and a heating rate of 5 °C/min. The chemical (GC–MS analyses) and spectroscopic analyses (FTIR analyses) of bio-oil showed that it is a complex mixture consisting of different classes of organic compounds, i.e., hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, cyclic compounds…etc.), carboxylic acids, aldehydes, ketones, esters,…etc. According to fuel properties, produced bio-oils showed good properties, suitable for its use as an engine fuel or as a potential source for synthetic fuels and chemical feedstock. Obtained bio-chars had low carbon content and high ash content which make them unattractive for as renewable source energy.

Ben Hassen-Trabelsi, A., E-mail: aidabenhassen@yahoo.fr [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Kraiem, T. [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Département de Géologie, Université de Tunis, 2092, Tunis (Tunisia); Naoui, S. [Centre de Recherche et de Technologies de l’Energie (CRTEn), Technopôle Borj-Cédria, B.P 95, 2050, Hammam Lif (Tunisia); Belayouni, H. [Département de Géologie, Université de Tunis, 2092, Tunis (Tunisia)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Horarios de clases Curso 2014-2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAT 1 17 ­ 18 GEO GEO BIO BIO (actividad / salida) 18 ­ 19 BIO FIS FIS FIS (actividad / salida) 19 Cruz Rot FIS: Física General Javier Used Villuendas / Juan Sabuco Larrosa GEO: Geología David Gómez / salida) BIO QUIM GEO QUIM 16 ­ 17 INF INF BIO QUIM FIS 17 ­ 18 INF INF GEO FIS MAT 2 18 ­ 19 BIO MAT 2

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

175

GeoChip 3.0 as a high-thoughput tool for analyzing microbial community composition, structure, and functional activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The design pipeline for GeoChip 3.0 construction. Thepipeline have been developed for sequence retrieval and verification, probe design and validation, array construction,

He, Z.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

University of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at Chicago ----BioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar Series FridayFridayFridayFriday,,,, SeptemberSep  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoUniversity of Illinois at Chicago ---- BioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar SeriesBioE Seminar Series 60607606076060760607 The Second Law of Energy Degradation Including Biological and Intelligent Processes The Second Law

Kostic, Milivoje M.

177

Using mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio-fuel production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduces the energy content of forest residues delivered to a bio-fuel facility as mobile facilities use by bio-oil, bio-slurry and torrefied wood is 45%, 65% and 87% of the initial forest residue energyUsing mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio

Victoria, University of

178

Optimal Homogenization of Perfusion Flows in Microfluidic Bio-Reactors: A Numerical Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Homogenization of Perfusion Flows in Microfluidic Bio-Reactors: A Numerical Study Fridolin of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark Abstract In recent years, the interest in small-scale bio-reactors microfluidic bio-reactors, we develop a general design of a continually feed bio- reactor with uniform

179

USDA BioPreferred Program Public Meeting for Stakeholders  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) BioPreferred® program will host a public meeting for interested stakeholders to discuss the issue of incorporating previously excluded mature market...

180

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

X , H 2 2:15 pm Break 2:30 pm 3:45 pm X Arlene Anderson, 4:00 pm Adjourn Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming , National Renewable Energy Lab Investigation of Reaction Networks and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Integrating NABC bio-oil intermediates into the petroleum refinery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2–D: Working Together: Conventional Refineries and Bio-Oil R&D Technologies Thomas Foust, Director, National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

182

BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

183

BioEnergy Research ISSN 1939-1234  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 23 BioEnergy Research ISSN 1939-1234 Volume 5 Number 2 Bioenerg. Res. (2012) 5:341-362 DOI 10, the EROI was adjusted using quality factors that were calculated according to the price of each input

184

Geo-neutrinos and Silicate Earth Enrichment of U and Th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The terrestrial distribution of U, Th, and K abundances governs the thermal evolution, traces the differentiation, and reflects the bulk composition of the earth. Comparing the bulk earth composition to chondritic meteorites estimates the net amounts of these radiogenic heat-producing elements available for partitioning to the crust, mantle, and core. Core formation enriches the abundances of refractory lithophile elements, including U and Th, in the silicate earth by ~1.5. Global removal of volatile elements potentially increases this enrichment to ~2.8. The K content of the silicate earth follows from the ratio of K to U. Variable enrichment produces a range of possible heat-producing element abundances in the silicate earth. A model assesses the essentially fixed amounts of U, Th, and K in the approximately closed crust reservoir. Subtracting these sequestered crustal amounts from the variable amounts in the silicate earth results in a range of possible mantle allocations, leaving global dynamics and thermal evolution poorly constrained. Terrestrial antineutrinos from {\\beta}-emitting daughter nuclei in the U and Th decay series traverse the earth with negligible attenuation. The rate at which large subsurface instruments observe these geo-neutrinos depends on the distribution of U and Th relative to the detector. Geo-neutrino observations with sensitivity to U and Th in the mantle are able to estimate silicate earth enrichment, leading to a more complete understanding of the origin, accretion, differentiation, and thermal history of the planet.

Steve Dye

2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

185

Page 330 Courses: Geology (GEOL) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog geoL 301 nAturAL HiStory of tHe HAWAiiAn iSLAndS (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 330 Courses: Geology (GEOL) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog geoL 301 nAturAL Hi isolated archipelago in the world; geologic history and context of volcanic oceanic islands; conservation in Natural Sciences). Prerequisite: BIOL 115 or 121/122. geoL 302 geoLogy of CLiMAte CHAnge (3) Lecture, 3

Ravikumar, B.

186

BioCarbon Fund (BioCF T3) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany:Big Sandy,

187

BioPower Atlas and BioFuels Atlas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany:Big Sandy,LLC

188

Implementation of FracTracker.org: A GeoWeb platform to manage and communicate shale gas information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementation of FracTracker.org: A GeoWeb platform to manage and communicate shale gas Health, GSPH. Background Natural gas drilling in shale formations worldwide employs relatively new drilling in the Marcellus Shale (See Figure 1.) of the northeastern United States necessitates better

Sibille, Etienne

189

Geo-neutrinos and silicate earth enrichment of U and Th Hawaii Pacific University, Kaneohe, Hawaii, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frontiers Geo-neutrinos and silicate earth enrichment of U and Th S.T. Dye Hawaii Pacific of refractory lithophile elements, including U and Th, in the silicate earth by 1.5. Global removal of volatile elements potentially increases this enrichment to 2.8. The K content of the silicate earth follows from

Mcdonough, William F.

190

Geo-neutrino Observation S.T. Dye^'^ M. Alderman^, M. Batygov^ J.G. Learned^ S. Matsuno^  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-neutrino observation and describes the scientific capabilities of the deep ocean observatory, with emphasis on geology are in the decay series of uranium-238 and thorium-232. Terrestrial antineutrino observation relies on detecting comprehensive reviews of geo-neutrinos exist in the literature''^. Uranium-238 and thorium-232, the parent

Mcdonough, William F.

191

Global Environmental Change 14 (2004) 105123 Downscaling and geo-spatial gridding of socio-economic projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Environmental Change 14 (2004) 105­123 Downscaling and geo-spatial gridding of socio Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA b Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), 61 work. r 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions scenarios

192

A New Standard to Connect BioBrick Parts for Precise Extraction of an Enzyme Digestion Product  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This BioBricks Foundation Request for Comments (BBF RFC) introduces a new standard to connect BioBrick parts using BglI site.

Uekusa, Kousuke

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

193

Mission analysis for hybrid thermionic nuclear reactor LEO-to-GEO transfer applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper details the results of mission analyses concerning a hybrid STAR-C based system, which is based on a safe solid fuel form for high-temperature reactor core operation and a rugged planar thermionic energy converter for long-life steady-state electric power production. Hybrid power/propulsion system concepts are shown to offer superior performance capabilities for Low-Earth-Orbit (LEO) to Geosynchronous-Earth-Orbit (GEO) orbital transfer applications over chemical propulsion systems. A key feature of the hybrid power/propulsion system is that the propulsion system uses the on-board payload power system. Mission results for hybrid concepts using Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP), Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP), and combination of NTP and NEP are discussed.

Widman, F.W. Jr.; North, D.M. (Rockwell International/Rocketdyne Division, 6633 Canoga Avenue, Canoga Park, California 91303 (United States)); Choong, P.T.; Teofilo, V.L. (Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, Inc., 1111 Lockheed Way, Synnyvale, California 94088 (United States))

1993-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides with Balanced Acid–Base Sites. Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz...

195

E85/b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles from Lake Michigan to the Gulf of Mexico E85b20 for I-65 AND BEYOND: Putting BioFuels in Your Vehicles from Lake...

196

Development of a bio-sensing technique for the detection of prions in foods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An affinity based bio-sensing technique was developed using an anti-transmissible spongiform encephalopathy monoclonal antibody as a bio-recognition molecule. Fluorescein iso-thio-cynate (FITC), labeled with a prion epitope (QYQRES), was used as a...

Anand, Ashish

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

197

Using mobile distributed pyrolysis facilities to deliver a forest residue resource for bio-fuel production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Distributed mobile conversion facilities using either fast pyrolysis or torrefaction processes can be used to convert forest residues to more energy dense substances (bio-oil, bio-slurry… (more)

Brown, Duncan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets August 27, 2013 | Tags: Basic Energy...

199

Investigation of Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature Combustion Strategies Investigation of Bio-Diesel Fueled Engines under Low-Temperature Combustion Strategies ftp01lee.pdf More...

200

I-65, America's First BioFuels Corridor: Timeline and Map | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I-65, America's First BioFuels Corridor: Timeline and Map I-65, America's First BioFuels Corridor: Timeline and Map At the May 1, 2008 joint quarterly Web conference of DOE's...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Catalytic Hydrogenation of Bio-Oil for Chemicals and Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scope of work includes optimizing processing conditions and demonstrating catalyst lifetime for catalyst formulations that are readily scaleable to commercial operations. We use a bench-scale, continuous-flow, packed-bed, catalytic, tubular reactor, which can be operated in the range of 100-400 mL/hr., from 50-400 C and up to 20MPa (see Figure 1). With this unit we produce upgraded bio-oil from whole bio-oil or useful bio-oil fractions, specifically pyrolytic lignin. The product oils are fractionated, for example by distillation, for recovery of chemical product streams. Other products from our tests have been used in further testing in petroleum refining technology at UOP and fractionation for product recovery in our own lab. Further scale-up of the technology is envisioned and we will carry out or support process design efforts with industrial partners, such as UOP.

Elliott, Douglas C.

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

Hydroprocessing Bio-oil and Products Separation for Coke Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast pyrolysis of biomass can be used to produce a raw bio-oil product, which can be upgraded by catalytic hydroprocessing to hydrocarbon liquid products. In this study the upgraded products were distilled to recover light naphtha and oils and to produce a distillation resid with useful properties for coker processing and production of renewable, low-sulfur electrode carbon. For this hydroprocessing work, phase separation of the bio-oil was applied as a preparatory step to concentrate the heavier, more phenolic components thus generating a more amenable feedstock for resid production. Low residual oxygen content products were produced by continuous-flow, catalytic hydroprocessing of the phase separated bio-oil.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Hart, Todd R.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

The Northeast Forest Bio-products Puzzle David T. Damery and Jeff Benjamin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to manufacture Levulinic Acid (LA). LA can then be used as a "building block" for bio-diesel, polymers, plasticsThe Northeast Forest Bio-products Puzzle David T. Damery and Jeff Benjamin Forest products industry, landowners, universities, equipment manufacturers and governments share an interest in the emerging bio

Schweik, Charles M.

204

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Glucose BioFuel Cell Implanted in Rats Philippe Cinquin1 *, Chantal Gondran2 , Fabien Giroud2 powerful ones, Glucose BioFuel Cells (GBFCs), are based on enzymes electrically wired by redox mediators applications. Citation: Cinquin P, Gondran C, Giroud F, Mazabrard S, Pellissier A, et al. (2010) A Glucose BioFuel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Macroscale Properties of Porous Media from a Network Model of Bio lm Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroscale Properties of Porous Media from a Network Model of Bio#12;lm Processes Brian J. Suchomel porosity and permeability changes in a porous medium as a result of bio#12;lm buildup in the pore spaces. A bio#12;lm consists of bacteria and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) bonded together

206

New Catalyst Might Expand Bio-Ethanol's Possible uses: fuel additives, rubber and solvents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Catalyst Might Expand Bio-Ethanol's Usefulness Possible uses: fuel additives, rubber and solvents RESULTS To turn bio-ethanol into chemicals that are typically made from petroleum, re- searchers the presence of water, allowing producers to use dilute and cheaper bio-ethanol rather than having to purify

207

Plant variability and bio-fuel properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermochemically converting biomass feedstocks to fuels is one of the major thrusts of renewable energy research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Among several thermochemical routes is the fast pyrolysis process which produces liquid fuels from woody and herbaceous biomass feedstocks. Because of the large variability in the composition of biomass feedstocks due to plant variety and environmental factors, it is important to assess how these variabilities affect the properties of thermochemical liquid fuels (bio-oils) produced from these resources. Similar varieties of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) that were grown at three different locations and three hybrid poplar clones that were grown at one location were used in these studies. The feedstocks were pyrolyzed in a fluidized bed reactor at 500{degrees}C. The gas products were analyzed on-line and the liquid products were analyzed for elemental composition and higher heating values. Apart from small difference in the yield of char/ash, the yields of pyrolysis oils and gases were similar for switchgrass feedstocks grown at all three locations. The char/ash yields ranged from 21.1 to 22.9%; total liquids (organic liquids + water) yields ranged from 59%-60.5%; and the gas yields ranged from 11%-12% (wt). The higher heating values (HHVs) of the oils were similar (24.3-24.6 MJ/kg). For the hybrid poplar feedstocks, total liquids (65%-69%), char/ash (10%-11%), and gas yields (15.6%-17%) were similar for all three poplar clones; however, the elemental composition and the HHVs of the pyrolysis oils had statistically significant differences. The NC5260 pyrolysis oils had lower HHV (22.0{+-}0.5 MG/kg) compared to the DN clones (23.2{+-}0.3 MJ/kg). The yields of total liquids and organics for the three clones were higher than those for the switchgrass feedstocks. The gas yields for the hybrid poplar clones were higher than for the switchgrass, but had compositions similar to those of the switchgrass feedstocks.

Agblevor, F.A.; Besler-Guran, S.; Wiselogel, A.E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Yngve Kristoffersen, University of Bergen, Allegaten 41, Bergen, 5007 Norway, yngve.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.kristoffersen@geo.uib.no Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Lomonosov Canada Basin Coen Hofstede, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Olaf Eisen, AWI, Bremerhaven, Germany Richard Blenkner, Dept

Kristoffersen, Yngve

209

EPR investigation of defects in Bi12GeO20:Cr single crystal irradiated by high energy uranium ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of investigations of EPR spectra of chromium doped $Bi_{12} GeO_{20} (BGO)$ single crystals are presented. The crystals were studied before and after irradiation by the $^{235}U$ ions with energy 9.47 MeV/u and fluency $5 \\cdot 10^{2} cm^{-2}$. The effect of heating irradiated samples in air on the EPR spectra is also studied.

Stefaniuk, I; Rogalska, I; Wróbel, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Results for Custom Reaction Intensity and Total Dead Fuels.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report of the geostatistical analysis results of the fire fuels response variables, custom reaction intensity and total dead fuels is but a part of an SRS 2010 vegetation inventory project. For detailed description of project, theory and background including sample design, methods, and results please refer to USDA Forest Service Savannah River Site internal report “SRS 2010 Vegetation Inventory GeoStatistical Mapping Report”, (Edwards & Parresol 2013).

Edwards, Lloyd A. [Leading Solutions, LLC.; Paresol, Bernard [U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

BioMed Central Page 1 of 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequestration by direct injection into the deep ocean can store carbon for centuries. Even after injected carbon in the context of direct injection of carbon into the deep ocean, a form of sequestration Published: 13 July 2006BioMed Central Page 1 of 2 (page number not for citation purposes) Carbon Balance and Management

Matsumoto, Katsumi

212

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) Substance Abuse Treatment that staff need to maintain a constant level of care throughout the treatment process. Published: 01 February 2006 Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 2006, 1:5 doi:10.1186/1747-597X-1- 5 Received

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

CleanTech Meets BioTech August 25, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. · Cleantech is driven by productivity-based purchasing, and therefore enjoys broader market economics, withj y ti i· Green Marketing & Advertising · Biological Solutions · Renewable Energy · Carbon Markets covering key regulators of plant genetic pathways Building a BioEnergy Seed business for the biofuels d bl

Puglisi, Joseph

214

The BioASP Library: ASP Solutions for Systems Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BioASP Library: ASP Solutions for Systems Biology Martin Gebser, Arne K¨onig, Torsten Schaub--Today's molecular biology is confronted with enor- mous amounts of data, generated by new high-throughput tech- nologies, along with an increasing number of biological models available over web repositories. This poses

Schaub, Torsten

215

BEE 331. Bio-Fluid Mechanics Fall Semester 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEE 331. Bio-Fluid Mechanics Fall Semester 2005 1. Course Outcomes: Outcome 1. Learn the principles of fluid hydrostatics and dynamics in biological systems. Assessment Metrics: Home work assignments 1, 2. Become familiar with methods of measuring fluid flow. Assessment Metrics: Homework assignments: 2

Walter, M.Todd

216

BioMed Central Page 1 of 11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-induced lung injury Karmene Ahamed1, Ralph Epaud1, Martin Holzenberger2, Monique Bonora1, Jean-François Flejou3 of Pathology, Hospital Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France Email: Karmene Ahamed - ahamed://respiratory-research.com/content/6/1/31 © 2005 Ahamed et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Medical Genomics Open December 2008 BMC Medical Genomics 2008, 1:63 doi:10.1186/1755-8794-1-63 Received: 29 September 2008 is properly cited. #12;BMC Medical Genomics 2008, 1:63 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1755-8794/1/63 Page 2

218

Bio-inspired Slowness for Robotic Systems Ronald C. Arkin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-inspired Slowness for Robotic Systems Ronald C. Arkin Mobile Robot Laboratory School of Interactive Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA USA 30332 arkin@gatech.edu Abstract: Slowness in robotic systems is a quality that is typically undervalued. It is our contention

219

Elec 331 -Bio-Potential Electrodes Review Definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

voltages ­ Ohmic (Vr) · Resistance of surface layer · Resistance of electrolyte ­ Concentration (Vc) · Ion V I V I #12;Elec 331 - Bio-Potential Electrodes 5 Equivalent Circuit · Vhc = half-cell potential · Vop = over-potential · CJ = junction capacitance · RJ = junction resistance · RE = electrolyte

Pulfrey, David L.

220

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Microbiology Open Access Control, Jeroen Bosch Hospital,'s-Hertogenbosh, The Netherlands, 2Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands and 3School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond & Beverly Sackler

Jacob, Eshel Ben

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

BioMed Central Page 1 of 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 3 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Bioinformatics Open Access, France, Germany, Greece, India, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, Sin- gapore, Switzerland, Thailand://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/10/S1/S1 Page 2 of 3 (page number not for citation purposes) the biological contexts of th

222

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14 (page number not for citation purposes) Malaria Journal Open Access 7HT, UK, 2Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, 6709 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands, 3 Amsterdam, The Netherlands and 4Ifakara Health Institute, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Email

Loon, E. Emiel van

223

BioMed Central Page 1 of 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 4 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Bioinformatics Open Access, The Netherlands, 4Bioinformatics and Statistics, Dept. of Molecular Biology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and 5Department of Biology and PENN Genome Frontiers Institute, University

Gent, Universiteit

224

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Bioinformatics Open Access University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH, The Netherlands and 2Academic Biomedical Centre, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands Email: Jos Boekhorst* - J.Boekhorst@uu.nl; Berend Snel - B

Utrecht, Universiteit

225

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Developmental Biology Open Utrecht, The Netherlands and 4Present address : Molecular Oncology and Aging Research, Centre d-213X/7/30 Page 2 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) Background The retinoblastoma gene (Rb

226

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) Behavioral and Brain Functions, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands, 2Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Albinusdreef 2, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands and 3Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center

Nieuwenhuis, Sander

227

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Genomics Open Access of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands and 3Bioinformatics Laboratory, Turku Centre for Biotechnology, Turku-2164/7/130 Page 2 of 16 (page number not for citation purposes) Background The last decade has witnessed

Beldade, PatrĂ­cia

228

BioMed Central Page 1 of 11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 11 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Evolutionary Biology Open Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2Department of Population Biology, Institute of Biology, University and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94062, 1090 GB Amsterdam, The Netherlands Email: Duur

229

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 7 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Bioinformatics Open Access of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands and 2Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Email: Yang Li* - yang.li@rug.nl; Morris A Swertz - m

Breitling, Rainer

230

BioMed Central Page 1 of 20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 20 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Genomics Open Access, Delft, the Netherlands, 2Industrial Microbiology section, Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, the Netherlands, 3Bioinformatics and Statistics, Department

Shmulevich, Ilya

231

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 14 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Genomics Open Access Delft, The Netherlands, 2Industrial Microbiology, Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands and 3Department of Molecular Biology

Shmulevich, Ilya

232

BioMed Central Page 1 of 15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 15 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Evolutionary Biology Open, Utrecht University, the Netherlands and 2Academic Biomedical Centre, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. #12;BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:184 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/184 Page 2 of 15

Utrecht, Universiteit

233

BioMed Central Page 1 of 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMed Central Page 1 of 6 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Genetics Open Access of Medical Statistics and Bioinformatics, Leiden University, P.O.Box 9604, 2300RC, Leiden, The Netherlands Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 7-10 September 2004 Published: 30 December 2005 BMC Genetics 2005, 6(Suppl 1):S

Tang, Hua

234

BioMed Central Page 1 of 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for locomotive engineers in natural sleep settings Gregory D Roach*1, Kathryn J Reid2, Sally Ferguson1 and Drew Email: Gregory D Roach* - greg.roach@unisa.edu.au; Kathryn J Reid - k-reid@northwestern.edu; Sally/1/8 © 2006 Roach et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under

235

Dr. Campbell's Bio111 Exam #3 Spring 2007 Spring 2007 Biology 111 In-Class Exam #3 BioEnergetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the citric acid cycle with particular attention to energy, carbon, and all waste products. #12;Dr. Campbell.e., 250 nm) per minute, how many amino acids of tubulin were being added per minute to the pairs's Bio111 Exam #3 ­ Spring 2007 3 4 pts. 3) List two possible products of fermentation and how many

Campbell, A. Malcolm

236

Dr. Campbell's Bio111 Exam #3 Spring 2008 Spring 2008 Biology 111 In-Class Exam #3 BioEnergetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the colors if you don't have them) with the highest energy of light being on the far right side of your weight. 1. Environmental: energy is lost along each link in food web; or waste methane gas 2. Fat: meat's Bio111 Exam #3 ­ Spring 2008 2 Lab Question: 4 pts. 1) How does Chlamydomonas get energy to regrow its

Campbell, A. Malcolm

237

HORRIO ENSINO MDIO 2012 Segunda Tera Quarta Quinta Sexta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIS LE FIS MAT MAT 64 FIS LE POR POR GEO 64 FIS POR POR ELA GEO 64 LAB FIL BIO ELA QMC 64 LAB FIL BIO SOC QMC 64 SOC Turma 1ºB Segunda Terça Quarta Quinta Sexta 64 GEO POR FIS ELA BIO 64 GEO LE GEO ELA BIO 64 HIS LE QMC HIS SOC 64 FIL MAT QMC HIS SOC 64 FIL LAB POR MAT MAT 64 FIS LAB FIS POR MAT 64 POR

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

238

doi:10.1128/mBio.00158-10. 1(3): e00158-10.mBio.Secretion System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrophilic domains to move sub- strates across lipid bilayers. Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) deliverdoi:10.1128/mBio.00158-10. 1(3): e00158-10.mBio.Secretion System Serovar Typhimurium Type, Richard A. Pfuetzner, et al. Secretion System Serovar Typhimurium Type IIIenterica Salmonella

Baker, David

239

Research, Development and Demonstration of Bio-Mass Boiler for Food Industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frito-Lay is working to reduce carbon emissions from their manufacturing plants. As part of this effort, they invested in a â??biomass-firedâ?ť boiler at the Topeka, Kansas, plant. Frito-Lay partnered with Burns & McDonnell Engineering, Inc. and CPL Systems, Inc., to design and construct a steam producing boiler using â??carbon neutralâ?ť fuels such as wood wastes (e.g. tree bark), shipping pallets, and used rubber vehicle tires. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) joined with Frito-Lay, Burns & McDonnell, and CPL to analyze the reductions in carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions that result from use of biomass-fired boilers in the food manufacturing environment. DOE support provided for the data collection and analysis, and reporting necessary to evaluate boiler efficiencies and reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions. The Frito-Lay biomass-fired boiler has resulted in significant reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions from the Topeka production facility. The use of natural gas has been reduced by 400 to 420 million standard cubic feet per year with corresponding reductions of 24,000 to 25,000 tons of CO{sub 2}. The boiler does require auxiliary â??functions,â?ť however, that are unnecessary for a gas-fired boiler. These include heavy motors and fans for moving fuel and firing the boiler, trucks and equipment for delivering the fuel and moving at the boiler plant, and chippers for preparing the fuel prior to delivery. Each of these operations requires the combustion of fossil fuels or electricity and has associated CO{sub 2} emissions. Even after accounting for each of these auxiliary processes, however, the biomass-fired boiler results in net emission reductions of 22,500 to 23,500 tons of CO{sub 2} per year.

Fisher, Steve; Knapp, David

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

THE PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS VIA HIGH TEMPERATURE ELECTROLYSIS AND BIO-MASS GASIFICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process model of syngas production using high temperature electrolysis and biomass gasification is presented. Process heat from the biomass gasifier is used to improve the hydrogen production efficiency of the steam electrolysis process. Hydrogen from electrolysis allows a high utilization of the biomass carbon for syngas production. Based on the gasifier temperature, 94% to 95% of the carbon in the biomass becomes carbon monoxide in the syngas (carbon dioxide and hydrogen). Assuming the thermal efficiency of the power cycle for electricity generation is 50%, (as expected from GEN IV nuclear reactors), the syngas production efficiency ranges from 70% to 73% as the gasifier temperature decreases from 1900 K to 1500 K.

M. G. McKellar; G. L. Hawkes; J. E. O'Brien

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

High-Speed Biomass Recalcitrance Pipeline Speeds Up Bio-Mass Analysis -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in thein theSurfactant-AssistedWater-HumanEnergy

242

BioMass No. 03 page 3 Spring 2001 Alumni Mailbag  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAT. I am retired now (2 years) after a 30 year career as a biology teacher. Mary A. Anderson, '68 BS. Captain Mary Alice (Buck) Anderson, Medical Corps, USN assumed command of the Naval Aerospace Medical

Kunkel, Joseph G.

243

The Hydrological Impact of Geoengineering in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: The hydrologic impact of enhancing Earth’s albedo due to solar radiation management (SRM) is investigated using simulations from 12 models contributing to the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). An artificial experiment is investigated, where global mean temperature is preserved at pre-industrial conditions, while atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are quadrupled. The associated reduction of downwelling surface solar radiation in a high CO2 environment leads to a reduction of global evaporation of 10% and 4% and precipitation of 6.1% and 6.3% over land and ocean, respectively. An initial reduction of latent heat flux at the surface is largely driven by reduced evapotranspiration over land with instantly increasing CO2 concentrations in both experiments. A warming surface associated with the transient adjustment in the 4xCO2 experiment further generates an increase of global precipitation, with considerable regional changes, such as a significant precipitation reduction of 7% for the North American summer monsoon. Reduced global precipitation persists in the geoengineered experiment where temperatures are stabilized, with considerable regional rainfall deficits. Precipitation reductions that are consistent in sign across models are identified in the geoengineered experiment over monsoonal land regions of East Asia (6%), North America (7%), South America (6%) and South Africa (5%). In contrast to the 4xCO2 experiment, where the frequency of months with heavy precipitation intensity is increased by over 50%, it is reduced by up to 20% in the geoengineering scenario . The reduction in heavy precipitation is more pronounced over land than over the ocean, and accompanies a stronger reduction in evaporation over land. For northern mid-latitudes, maximum precipitation reduction over land ranges from 1 to 16% for individual models. For 45-65°N, the frequency of median to high intensity precipitation in summer is strongly reduced. These changes in precipitation in both total amount and frequency of extremes, point to a considerable weakening of the hydrological cycle in a geoengineered world.

Tilmes, S.; Fasullo, John; Lamarque, J.-F.; Marsh, D.; Mills, Mike; Alterskjaer, Kari; Muri, Helene O.; Kristjansson, Jon E.; Boucher, Olivier; Schulz, M.; Cole, Jason N.; Curry, Charles L.; Jones, A.; Haywood, J.; Irvine, Peter; Ji, Duoying; Moore, John; Bou Karam, Diana; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Rasch, Philip J.; Singh, Balwinder; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke; Robock, Alan; Yang, Shuting; Watanabe, Shingo

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

244

Dynamometer testing of the U.S. Electricar Geo Prizm conversion electric vehicle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Geo Prizm electric vehicle conversion by U.S. Electricar was tested in the INEL HEV Laboratory over several standard driving regimes. The vehicle, owned by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), was loaned to the INEL for performance testing under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The Prizm conversion is the fourth vehicle in the planned test series. A summary of the test results is presented as Table ES-1. For the LA-92 and the Highway Fuel Economy Test cycles, the driving cycle ranges were 71 and 95 km, respectively. The net DC energy consumption during these cycles was measured at 199 and 154 W-h/km, respectively. During the constant-current-discharge test, the vehicle was driven 150 km at an average steady speed of 43 km/h. Energy consumption at various steady-state speeds, averaged over two tests, was approximately 108 W-h/km at 40 km/hr and 175 W-h/km at 96 km/h at 80T state-of-charge (SOC). Gradeability-at-speed tests indicated that the vehicle can be driven at 80 km/h up a simulated 5% grade for periods up to 15 minutes beginning at an initial 100% SOC, and 3 minutes beginning at 80% battery depth-of-discharge (DOD). Maximum-effort vehicle acceleration times were determined at five different battery DODs and speeds from 24 to 104 km/h. The acceleration is approximately linear up to 48 km/h, with no DOD effect; at higher speeds the curve becomes non-linear, and the effect of DOD becomes increasingly evident. Gradeability at each of these speeds was also determined, showing a decrease from the initial 26% at 24 km/h to 4% at 104 km/h.

Richardson, R.A.; Yarger, E.J.; Cole, G.H.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

New York Nano-Bio Molecular Information Technology (NYNBIT) Incubator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project presents the outcome of an effort made by a consortium of six universities in the State of New York to develop a Center for Advanced technology (CAT) in the emerging field of Nano-Bio-Molecular Information Technology. The effort consists of activities such as organization of the NYNBIT incubator, collaborative research projects, development of courses, an educational program for high schools, and commercial start-up programs.

Das, Digendra K

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

Aurora BioFuels Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Jump to: navigation, search

247

A Bio-Based Fuel Cell for Distributed Energy Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technology we propose consists primarily of an improved design for increasing the energy density of a certain class of bio-fuel cell (BFC). The BFCs we consider are those which harvest electrons produced by microorganisms during their metabolism of organic substrates (e.g. glucose, acetate). We estimate that our technology will significantly enhance power production (per unit volume) of these BFCs, to the point where they could be employed as stand-alone systems for distributed energy generation.

Anthony Terrinoni; Sean Gifford

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

BioGold Fuels Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:GreatBioGold Fuels Corporation Jump

249

BioLogical Capital BLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:GreatBioGold Fuels Corporation

250

Production of hydrogen, liquid fuels, and chemicals from catalytic processing of bio-oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a method of generating hydrogen from a bio-oil, comprising hydrogenating a water-soluble fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst, and reforming the water-soluble fraction by aqueous-phase reforming in the presence of a reforming catalyst, wherein hydrogen is generated by the reforming, and the amount of hydrogen generated is greater than that consumed by the hydrogenating. The method can further comprise hydrocracking or hydrotreating a lignin fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrocracking catalyst wherein the lignin fraction of bio-oil is obtained as a water-insoluble fraction from aqueous extraction of bio-oil. The hydrogen used in the hydrogenating and in the hydrocracking or hydrotreating can be generated by reforming the water-soluble fraction of bio-oil.

Huber, George W; Vispute, Tushar P; Routray, Kamalakanta

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

251

Catalytic Upgrading of bio-oil using 1-octene and 1-butanol over sulfonic acid resin catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raw bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of biomass must be refined before it can be used as a transporation fuel, a petroleum refinery feed or for many other fuel uses. Raw bio-oil was upgraded with the neat model olefin, 1-octene, and with 1-octene/1-butanol mixtures over sulfonic acid resin catalysts frin 80 to 150 degrees celisus in order to simultaneously lower water content and acidity and to increase hydrophobicity and heating value. Phase separation and coke formation were key factors limiting the reaction rate during upgrading with neat 1-octene although octanols were formed by 1-octene hydration along with small amounts of octyl acetates and ethers. GC-MS analysis confirmed that olefin hydration, carboxylic acid esterification, acetal formation from aldehydes and ketones and O- and C-alkylations of phenolic compounds occurred simultaneously during upgrading with 1-octene/1-butanol mixtures. Addition of 1-butanol increased olefin conversion dramatically be reducing mass transfer restraints and serving as a cosolvent or emulsifying agent. It also reacted with carboxylic acids and aldehydes/ketones to form esters, and acetals, respectively, while also serving to stabilize bio-oil during heating. 1-Butanol addition also protected the catalysts, increasing catalyst lifetime and reducing or eliminationg coking. Upgrading sharply increased ester content and decreased the amounts of levoglucosan, polyhydric alcohols and organic acids. Upgrading lowered acidity (pH value rise from 2.5 to >3.0), removed the uppleasant ordor and increased hydrocarbon solubility. Water content decreased from 37.2% to < 7.5% dramatically and calorific value increased from 12.6 MJ kg to about 30.0 MJ kg.

Zhang, Zhijun; Wang, Qingwen; Tripathi, Prabhat; Pittman, Charles U.

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

252

Effects of bio-diesel fuel blends on the performance and emissions of diesel engine.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study presents an experimental investigation into the effects of running biodiesel fuel blends on conventional diesel engines. Bio fuels provide a way to produce… (more)

Bastiani, Sergio.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

Adams, Thomas (Athens, GA); Garcia, Manuel (Quebec, CA); Geller, Dan (Athens, GA); Goodrum, John W. (Athens, GA); Pendergrass, Joshua T. (Jefferson, GA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

254

Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights...

255

Evaporation Characteristics of a Liquid Bio-Fuel from Chicken Litter .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Alternative fuels are becoming more important as fossil fuels become more expensive. This thesis describes the production and properties of a bio-oil produced from waste… (more)

Tolonen, Erik

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Development of a Computational Fluid Dynamics Model for Combustion of Fast Pyrolysis Liquid (Bio-oil).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A study was carried out into the computational fluid dynamic simulation of bio-oil combustion. Measurements were taken in an empirical burner to obtain information regarding… (more)

McGrath, Arran Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

In search of an alternative fuel: Bio-Solar Hydrogen Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In search of an alternative fuel: Bio-Solar Hydrogen Production from Arthrospira maxima Dariya Comparison of Potential Corn, Cellulose, and Aquatic Microbial Fuel Production Assuming demonstrated biomass

Petta, Jason

258

Dr. Piotr Zelenay's Professional Bio Dr. Zelenay's expertise is in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, electrocatalysis, surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dr. Piotr Zelenay's Professional Bio Dr. Zelenay's expertise is in polymer electrolyte fuel cells of polymer electrolyte fuel cell science and technology, electrocatalysis, and electrode kinetics. Piotr

259

T-598: Apache Tomcat HTTP BIO Connector Error Discloses Information From Different Requests to Remote Users  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

When using HTTP pipelining, the system may return information from a different request to a remote user. The vulnerability resides in the HTTP BIO connector.

260

Bio-renewable fibers extracted from lignin/polylactide (PLA) blend.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Due to the high cost and environment issues in the production of carbon fiber from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and pitch, the use of low cost bio-renewable… (more)

Chen, Keke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cough BioMed Central Methodology The automatic recognition and counting of cough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2006 Barry et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Samantha J Barry; Adrie D Dane; Alyn H Morice; Anthony D Walmsley; Anthony D Walmsley

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Cough BioMed Central Review Cough: are children really different to adults?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2005 Chang; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Anne B Chang; Anne B Chang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Mass-dependent and -independent fractionation of isotopes in Ni and Pb chelate complex formation reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass independent fractionation (MIF) has been a very interesting topic in the field of inorganic isotope chemistry, in particular, geo- and cosmo- chemistry. In the present work, we studied the isotope fractionation of Ni(II) and Pb(II) ions in complex formation with chelating reagent EDTA. To obtain clear results on the mass dependence of the isotope fractionation, we have conducted long-distance ion exchange chromatography of Ni(II) and Pb(II), using chelate complex reagent EDTA. The results apparently show that the isotope fractionation in Ni complex formation system is governed by the mass dependent rule. On the other hand the isotope fractionation in the Pb complex system is governed by the mass independent rule or the nuclear volume effect.

Nomura, Masao; Kudo, Takashi; Adachi, Atsuhiko; Aida, Masao; Fujii, Yasuhiko [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, O-okayama Meguroku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan)] [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, O-okayama Meguroku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

264

Effect of Acid, Alkali, and Steam Explosion Pretreatments on Characteristics of Bio-Oil Produced from Pinewood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bio-oil produced from pinewood by fast pyrolysis has the potential to be a valuable substitute for fossil fuels. Pretreatment prior to the fast pyrolysis process has been shown to alter the structure and chemical composition of biomass. To determine the influence of biomass pretreatments on bio-oil produced during fast pyrolysis, we tested three pretreatment methods: dilute acid, dilute alkali, and steam explosion. Bio-oils were produced from untreated and pretreated pinewood feedstocks in an auger reactor at 450 C. The bio-oils�¢���� physical properties including pH, water content, acid value, density, viscosity, and heating value were measured. Chemical characteristics of the bio-oils were determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry. Results showed that bio-oil yield and composition were influenced by biomass pretreatment. Of the three pretreatment methods, 1%H2SO4 pretreatment resulted in the highest bio-oil yield and best bio-oil quality.

Wang, Hui; Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan; Yu, Fei; Steele, Philip; Li, Qi; Mitchell, Brian

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

265

I corsi di BioBusiness dell'USI in premio alla migliore start-up biotech italiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bio & Nano, Social Innovation. L'iniziativa, nata in occasione dei 150 anni dell'UnitĂ  di Italia e

Krause, Rolf

266

Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

therefore have to be applied each year to sustain soil productivity. Management of black carbon (C36 Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics Johannes Lehmann1), ColombiaQ1 CONTENTS 36.1 Bio-Char Management and Soil Nutrient Availability

Lehmann, Johannes

267

MSU BioEconomy Network COLLABORATE. Link Michigan State University's internal assets and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to accelerate new research discoveries to the global market to benefit the university, the state, the region, to identify and address the complex issues related to converting plants to biofuels, bioenergy, bio- chemicals and other biomaterials. Areas of Strength Plant science research to create improved bio- fuel and bioenergy

268

PS3060: Perception and Action (L.5) Bio-Robotics & Neuro-Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PS3060: Perception and Action (L.5) Bio-Robotics & Neuro-Engineering Johannes M. Zanker http of toys · the approach & opportunities of biorobotics · questions and answers, poster preparation bio-robotics, neuro-engineering: why? the dream of robotics: stupid & dangerous work should be done by robust

Zanker, Johannes M.

269

Optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors: past, present and future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors: past, present and future Ilse Y. Smets Abstract In this paper an overview of optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors is presented. Following the paradigm of the Minimum Principle of Pontryagin the derivation of optimal control sequences

Bastin, Georges

270

capacity and the market for bio-fuels, a num-ber of breakthroughs are required  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. "The world is on the verge of a catastrophe due to global warming." With those words in November 2007capacity and the market for bio-fuels, a num- ber of breakthroughs are required: ·Technical Fundraiser 011-36 31 28 tommy.hoglund@liu.se www.liu.se/expanding_excellence Bio-fuels and energy

Zhao, Yuxiao

271

2007 DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogas reformation Shift reactorShift reactor Selective oxidation of COSelective oxidation of CO Fuel cellFuel cell2007 DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts Hua Song Lingzhi Zhang Umit S

272

Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal Andre Morel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: A reappraisal Andre´ Morel Laboratoire de Physique et, California Abstract. The apparent optical properties (AOPs) of oceanic case 1 waters were previously analyzed describing the trophic conditions of water bodies. From these empirical relationships a bio-optical model

California at Santa Barbara, University of

273

Sneak peek at electrofuels: Geobacter team aims for bio-based solution to solar energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sneak peek at electrofuels: Geobacter team aims for bio-based solution to solar energy storage a hybrid of solar and bio-power and also solve the most perplexing problem facing solar energy: energy compounds, and oxygen is released as a byproduct," Lovley explains. Solar energy powers the microbes

Lovley, Derek

274

Nanomaterials for bio-functionalized electrodes: recent trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This review intends to highlight the interest of nanomaterials for building biologically-modified electrodes. Rather than giving a comprehensive overview of the topic, the present work intends to give a flavour on the most exciting achievements and most recent approaches to get (and use) nanostructured electrode surfaces (or electrodes modified with nano-objects) comprising biomolecules. It will mainly consider nano-engineered functional polymers, nano-sized objects such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, graphene or related materials, as well as template-based nanostructures, as modifiers for bio-functionalised electrodes.

Walcarius, Alain; Minteer, Shelley D.; Wang, Joseph; Lin, Yuehe; Merkoci, Arben

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

MHK Technologies/bioBase | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IEOWCCatcher.pngWavemill < MHKYOG <bioBase

276

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio-

277

Anhui Guo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name:

278

BioEnergy of Colorado LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany:Big Sandy,LLC Jump to:

279

BioPower Application (United States) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio JumpVentures JumpGermany:Big Sandy,LLC Jump

280

WELtec BioPower GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformationSEDS data Jump to: navigation, searchVyconWELtec BioPower GmbH

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

BIO Diesel Wittenberge GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin Energy Place: TexasAvoyellesdeA S BiogasBBIBDBESTECLandsBIO

282

Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View New PagesBio-Gas

283

BioFuels Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View NewLtdBioFuels Energy, LLC

284

BioGas Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View NewLtdBioFuels Energy,

285

US BioGen LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective:ToyoTurkey:S ArmyMeasuringResourcesBioGen LLC

286

Solapur Bio Energy System Pvt Ltd SBES | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:Information Silver Peak Area (Henkle, EtSolapur Bio Energy

287

BioCarbon Fund Project Portfolio | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:Great EscapeBinaryBioCarbon Fund

288

BioEnergy Solutions BES | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:Great EscapeBinaryBioCarbonBES Jump

289

BioFuel Energy Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:Great EscapeBinaryBioCarbonBES

290

Jyothi Bio Energies Ltd JBEL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJeromeCounty isJupiter OxygenJustJyothi Bio

291

Agrenco Bio Energia A B E | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil JumpAerowatt Energies JumpAgPro JumpAgenera, LLCAgrenco Bio

292

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle BatteryofDisabilityDistributed Bio-Oil Reforming

293

File:NREL-BioMap.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf JumpApschem.pdfMarcelluswatermgmt.pdf Jump to:BioMap.pdf Jump to:

294

Bio-Oil Deployment in the Home Heating Market  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011 DRAFTofBio-Oil Deployment in the Home

295

Bios | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) HEPAP Home

296

Harvest BioFuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:Net JumpStrategyHarvest BioFuels LLC Place: Addison,

297

Bio-oil Quality Improvement and Catalytic Hydrotreating of Bio-oils Presentation for BETO 2015 Peer Review  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011 DRAFTofBio-Oil Deployment in the Home

298

Riad, EPS Structures Innovations on Central Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) Project 2005 BSCES-GEO-INSTITUTE RECENT ADVANCES IN GEOTECHNICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Riad, EPS Structures Innovations on Central Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) Project 2005 BSCES-GEO-INSTITUTE RECENT ADVANCES IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING Seminar 1 EPS STRUCTURES INNOVATIONS ON CENTRAL ARTERY/TUNNEL (CA/T) PROJECT Hany L. Riad, Ph.D., P.E. (1) Abstract The use of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) in block

Horvath, John S.

299

A concept for marine shallow drilling Drill test from R/V Hkom Mosby in Nov. 1995 Commercial rig built by GeoDrilling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A concept for marine shallow drilling Drill test from R/V HĂĄkom Mosby in Nov. 1995 Commercial rig built by GeoDrilling BACKGROUND There is a quantum leap between the costs of marine operations using conventional sediment coring devices with or without piston for 10-15 m of core recovery and drilling from

Kristoffersen, Yngve

300

Partially Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanorod/Graphene Composites as Anode Materials for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-step hydrothermal processing. Crystalline and amorphous regions were found to coexist in a single Zn2GeO4 nanorod change during the charge and discharge processes. These advantageous attributes make ZGCs the potential expansion and eliminate the stress during the charge and discharge processes. Clearly, it remains

Lin, Zhiqun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accord- ing to different pilots dealing with fossil fuel, biomass, solar energy and wind energy, Ener generated by energy resources exploitations. This paper reports the outcomes of the EnerGEO wind pilot whose main objective is to support environ- mental policy regarding wind energy. As a renewable energy source

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz–1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. ...

Aggarwal, Nancy

303

Power from bio-sources in Italy incentives and results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Italy most of the technologies for producing power from bio-sources, as well as from other non-conventional renewable Energy Sources (RES), are rather mature, but their exploitation is still not completely convenient from the economic point of view. It depends on many factors, such as designing of plants, selection of energy conversion system and components, selection of installation site, size of market still too limited, high production costs of the technologies and lack of adequate financial supports. In the early nineties, in the attempt to overcome this situation, the Italian Government issued a series of measures addressed mainly to the power production from RES. This gives a short description of the regulations in force and some details about an important incentive tool (CIP 6/92 and relative decrees) for RES power plants installation. In particular, it indicates the possible power plant typologies, the criteria to assimilate the fossil fuel plants to RES ones, the present prices of electricity transferred into the grid and the methodology for updating the prices. Furthermore, the paper gives some data concerning submitted proposals, plant operation planning and their geographic distribution according to different bio-sources typologies.

Gerardi, V.; Ricci, A.; Scoditti, E. [ENEA, Rome (Italy)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

304

IM-GEO: Impact of R and D on cost of geothermal power: Documentation of Model Version 2. 09  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IM-GEO is an analysis used to estimate the impact of technology improvements on the relative cost of hydrothermal power. The analysis is available in a tutorial program for use on personal computers. It is designed for use by R and D program managers to evaluate R and D options. Only the potential impact of technologies is considered with all economic factors being held constant. This analysis has one unique feature. The economic impact of reducing risk by improving reservoir characterization is included using a strategy currently employed by financial institutions. This report describes the basis of the calculations, documents the code, and describes the operational procedures. Application of the code to study potential cost reductions due to R and D success will be done by R and D managers to evaluate and direct their own programs.

Petty, S.; Entingh, D.; Livesay, B.J.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Ultra High Mass Range Mass Spectrometer System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Applicant's present invention comprises mass spectrometer systems that operate in a mass range from 1 to 10.sup.16 DA. The mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system comprising an aerodynamic lens system, a reverse jet being a gas flux generated in an annulus moving in a reverse direction and a multipole ion guide; a digital ion trap; and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises a quadrupole mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system having a quadrupole mass filter and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises an inlet system for use with a mass spectrometer system, a method for slowing energetic particles using an inlet system. Applicant's present invention also comprises a detector device and a method for detecting high mass charged particles.

Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

Quality Control in Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Production and Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will focus on norms and standards for fast pyrolysis bio-oils. It will include the present status and address what still has to be done on bio-oil specifications and relevant test methods. The paper will address industrial needs in commercialization of the fuel oil use of bio-oil, including the registration application to the REACH program and its consequences within the European Union, as well as development of a standard within ASTM. The paper will discuss the most important properties of bio-oil and the variation in these properties among various bio-oils. It will address the issue of quality follow-up in bio-oil production, including the properties to be followed and the laboratory and on-line monitoring methods. The paper will provide a state of the art of fuel oil specifications, test methods, and testing procedures as they are applied to bio-oil. It will review the effort in support of the implementation of an ASTM standard including the methods validation work.

Oasmaa, Anja; Elliott, Douglas C.; Muller, Stefan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Bio-Engineering High Performance Microbial Strains for MEOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objectives of this three-year research project are: (1) to employ the latest advances in genetics and bioengineering, especially Directed Protein Evolution technology, to improve the effectiveness of the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) process. (2) to improve the surfactant activity and the thermal stability of bio-surfactant systems for MEOR; and (3) to develop improved laboratory methods and tools that screen quickly candidate bio-systems for EOR. Biosurfactants have been receiving increasing attention as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) agents because of their unique properties (i.e., mild production conditions, lower toxicity, and higher biodegradability) compared to their synthetic chemical counterparts. Rhamnolipid as a potent natural biosurfactant has a wide range of potential applications, including EOR and bioremediation. During the three-year of the project period, we have successfully cloned the genes involved in the rhamnolipid bio-synthesis. And by using the Transposon containing Rhamnosyltransferase gene rhlAB, we engineered the new mutant strains P. aeruginosa PEER02 and E. coli TnERAB so they can produce rhamnolipid biosurfactans. We were able to produce rhamnolipds in both P. aeroginosa PAO1-RhlA- strain and P. fluorescens ATCC15453 strain, with the increase of 55 to 175 fold in rhamnolipid production comparing with wild type bacteria strain. We have also completed the first round direct evolution studies using Error-prone PCR technique and have constructed the library of RhlAB-containing Transposon to express mutant gene in heterologous hosts. Several methods, such as colorimetric agar plate assay, colorimetric spectrophotometer assay, bioactive assay and oil spreading assay have been established to detect and screen rhamnolipid production. Our engineered P. aeruginosa PEER02 strain can produce rhamnolipids with different carbon sources as substrate. Interfacial tension analysis (IFT) showed that different rhamnolipids from different substrates gave different performance. Those rhamnolipids with plant oil as substrate showed as low an IFT as 0.05mN/m in the buffer solution with pH5.0 and 2% NaCl. Core flooding tests showed that rhamnolipids produced by our engineered bacteria are effective agents for EOR. At 250ppm rhamnolipid concentration from P. aeruginosa PEER02, 42% of the remaining oil after waterflood was recovered. These results were therefore significant towards considering the exploration of the studied rhamnolipids as EOR agents.

Xiangdong Fang; Qinghong Wang; Patrick Shuler

2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

308

Quantum dots in bio-imaging: Revolution by the small  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Visual analysis of biomolecules is an integral avenue of basic and applied biological research. It has been widely carried out by tagging of nucleotides and proteins with traditional fluorophores that are limited in their application by features such as photobleaching, spectral overlaps, and operational difficulties. Quantum dots (QDs) are emerging as a superior alternative and are poised to change the world of bio-imaging and further its applications in basic and applied biology. The interdisciplinary field of nanobiotechnology is experiencing a revolution and QDs as an enabling technology have become a harbinger of this hybrid field. Within a decade, research on QDs has evolved from being a pure science subject to the one with high-end commercial applications.

Arya, Harinder [Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Kaul, Zeenia [Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Wadhwa, Renu [Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Taira, Kazunari [Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Hirano, Takashi [Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, 7 Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan); Kaul, Sunil C. [Gene Function Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan)]. E-mail: s-kaul@aist.go.jp

2005-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

309

Mass spectrometric immunoassay  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

Nelson, Randall W; Williams, Peter; Krone, Jennifer Reeve

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

310

Mass spectrometric immunoassay  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

Nelson, Randall W (Phoenix, AZ); Williams, Peter (Phoenix, AZ); Krone, Jennifer Reeve (Granbury, TX)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

311

Surrogate-based optimization of a BioMEMs microfluidic weir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioMEM microfluidic weirs enable biologists to study biological processes at the cell level. A novel substrate-affixed microfluidic array of weirs allows active sorting of cells via control electrodes. The ability of the ...

Ooi, Boon Hooi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Energy management techniques for ultra-small bio-medical implants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in the medical industry have created a growing demand for implantable medical devices. In particular, the need to provide medical professionals a means to continuously monitor bio-markers over long time scales with ...

Sanchez, William R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Introduction of customized inserts for streamlined assembly and optimization of BioBrick synthetic genetic circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: BioBrick standard biological parts are designed to make biological systems easier to engineer (e.g. assemble, manipulate, and modify). There are over 5,000 parts available in the Registry of Standard Biological ...

Norville, Julie E.

314

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION, CONVENES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION- tunities and discussing industry trends, investments, and policies meant to better the world.The gathering reasonable protection of commercial interests within strictly defined domains of joint activity, while

Mullins, Dyche

315

A Systems Approach to Bio-Oil Stabilization - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to develop practical, cost effective methods for stabilizing biomass-derived fast pyrolysis oil for at least six months of storage under ambient conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy has targeted three strategies for stabilizing bio-oils: (1) reducing the oxygen content of the organic compounds comprising pyrolysis oil; (2) removal of carboxylic acid groups such that the total acid number (TAN) of the pyrolysis oil is dramatically reduced; and (3) reducing the charcoal content, which contains alkali metals known to catalyze reactions that increase the viscosity of bio-oil. Alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEM), are known to catalyze decomposition reactions of biomass carbohydrates to produce light oxygenates that destabilize the resulting bio-oil. Methods envisioned to prevent the AAEM from reaction with the biomass carbohydrates include washing the AAEM out of the biomass with water or dilute acid or infusing an acid catalyst to passivate the AAEM. Infusion of acids into the feedstock to convert all of the AAEM to salts which are stable at pyrolysis temperatures proved to be a much more economically feasible process. Our results from pyrolyzing acid infused biomass showed increases in the yield of anhydrosugars by greater than 300% while greatly reducing the yield of light oxygenates that are known to destabilize bio-oil. Particulate matter can interfere with combustion or catalytic processing of either syngas or bio-oil. It also is thought to catalyze the polymerization of bio-oil, which increases the viscosity of bio-oil over time. High temperature bag houses, ceramic candle filters, and moving bed granular filters have been variously suggested for syngas cleaning at elevated temperatures. High temperature filtration of bio-oil vapors has also been suggested by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory although there remain technical challenges to this approach. The fast pyrolysis of biomass yields three main organic products: condensable vapors, non-condensable gases, and liquid aerosols. Traditionally these are recovered by a spray quencher or a conventional shell and tube condenser. The spray quencher or condenser is typically followed by an electrostatic precipitator to yield 1 or 2 distinct fractions of bio-oil. The pyrolyzer system developed at Iowa State University incorporates a proprietary fractionating condenser train. The system collects the bio-oil into five unique fractions. For conditions typical of fluidized bed pyrolyzers, stage fractions have been collected that are carbohydrate-rich (anhydrosugars), lignin-rich, and an aqueous solution of carboxylic acids and aldehydes. One important feature is that most of the water normally found in bio-oil appears in the last stage fraction along with several water-soluble components that are thought to be responsible for bio-oil aging (low molecular weight carboxylic acids and aldehydes). Research work on laser diagnostics for hot-vapor filtration and bio-oil recovery centered on development of analytical techniques for in situ measurements during fast pyrolysis, hot-vapor filtration, and fractionation relative to bio-oil stabilization. The methods developed in this work include laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), laser-induced incandescence (LII), and laser scattering for elemental analysis (N, O, H, C), detection of particulates, and detection of aerosols, respectively. These techniques were utilized in simulated pyrolysis environments and applied to a small-scale pyrolysis unit. Stability of Bio-oils is adversely affected by the presence of particulates that are formed as a consequence of thermal pyrolysis, improving the CFD simulations of moving bed granular filter (MBGF) is useful for improving the design of MBGF for bio-oil production. The current work uses fully resolved direct numerical simulation (where the flow past each granule is accurately represented) to calculate the filter efficiency that is used in the CFD model at all flow speeds. This study shows that fully-resolved direct numerical simulation (DNS

Brown, Robert C; Meyer, Terrence; Fox, Rodney; Submramaniam, Shankar; Shanks, Brent; Smith, Ryan G

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

316

Statistical Scientist / Senior Statistical Scientist Biomathematics & Statistics Scotland (BioSS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Statistical Scientist / Senior Statistical Scientist ÂŁ26,610 Biomathematics & Statistics Scotland (BioSS) statistically minded, individual to help address the range of statistical, bioinformatics and modelling problems

Edinburgh, University of

317

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is pleased to announce that we are holding our next Forum on October 20th, 2011 in the Ocoee Room (room 189) in Building

318

Energy 2050: Bio-inspired Renewable Non-Fossil Liquid Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an intelligent Energy Transparency model and a bio-inspired hypothetical mechanical mitochondria to optimize energy efficiency. iET seeks learning algorithms to build intelligence in order to pursue carbon-based ...

Datta, Shoumen

319

Development of a mechanical counter pressure Bio-Suit System for planetary exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is critical for human spaceflight and particularly for human planetary exploration. The MIT Man Vehicle Laboratory is developing a Bio-Suit EVA System, based on mechanical counterpressure ...

Sim, Zhe Liang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

To do better than Nature | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

would like to do it better..." Marina Faiella is a postdoctoral scholar in the Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production at ASU. Recently she has been awarded a UNESCO-L'Oral...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Plenary I: Progress in Advanced Biofuels DuPont’s Journey to Build a Global Cellulosic BioFuel Business Enterprise William Provine, Director–Science and Technology External Affairs, DuPont

322

Polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) in micro / nanofluidics for novel BioMEMS platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The overall goal of this thesis was to exploit the versatility of the polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) to fabricate a novel micro/nanofluidic device for patterning bacteria in BioMEMS. Nanofluidic channels offer new ...

Jang, Hongchul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Photothermal nano-cavities for ultra-sensitive chem-bio detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano-cavity photothermal spectroscopy is a novel technique for ultra-sensitive chem-bio detection. We illustrate that through simultaneous localization of optical and thermal interactions in a planar nano-cavity, detection ...

Hu, Juejun

324

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Background Paper  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Paper by Arlene Anderson and Tracy Carole presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group, with a focus on key drivers, purpose, and scope.

325

An extremely radioresistant green eukaryote for radionuclide bio-decontamination in the nuclear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of adaptation to extreme environments. Introduction Nuclear energy technologies generate radioactiveAn extremely radioresistant green eukaryote for radionuclide bio-decontamination in the nuclear Blignyabcd Nuclear activities generate radioactive elements which require processes for their decontamination

Boyer, Edmond

326

Assembly of BioBrick standard biological parts using three antibiotic assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An underlying goal of synthetic biology is to make the process of engineering biological systems easier and more reliable. In support of this goal, we developed BioBrick assembly standard 10 to enable the construction of ...

Shetty, Reshma

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

The PM/S module and the BIO/TSR requirements comparison report summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the comparison between the Preventive Maintenance/Surveillance System (PM/S) database and the requirements identified in the Tank Waste Remediation Systems Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) (HNF-SD-WM-BIO-001); the Technical Safety Requirements (TSR's) (HNF-SD-WM-TSR-006); The Tank Farms Administrative Controls Manual, (HNF-IP-1266); and The TWRS Facility Safety Equipment List, (HNF-SD-WM-SEL-0404). Corrective actions identified are completed or in process.

PEERY, B.Q.

1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

Mayne, P.W., Coop, M.R., Springman, S., Huang, A-B., and Zornberg, J. (2009). State-of-the-Art Paper (SOA-1): GeoMaterial Behavior and Testing. Proc. 17th Intl. Conf. Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mayne, P.W., Coop, M.R., Springman, S., Huang, A-B., and Zornberg, J. (2009). State-of-the-Art Paper (SOA-1): GeoMaterial Behavior and Testing. Proc. 17th Intl. Conf. Soil Mechanics & Geotechnical

Mayne, Paul W.

329

Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhancing tomato plant growth and productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Municipal bio-wastes are a sustainable source of bio-based products. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics promote chlorophyll synthesis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Refuse derived soluble bio-organics enhance plant growth and fruit ripening rate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainable chemistry exploiting urban refuse allows sustainable development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chemistry, agriculture and the environment benefit from biowaste technology. - Abstract: Municipal bio-refuse (CVD), containing kitchen wastes, home gardening residues and public park trimmings, was treated with alkali to yield a soluble bio-organic fraction (SBO) and an insoluble residue. These materials were characterized using elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and then applied as organic fertilizers to soil for tomato greenhouse cultivation. Their performance was compared with a commercial product obtained from animal residues. Plant growth, fruit yield and quality, and soil and leaf chemical composition were the selected performance indicators. The SBO exhibited the best performance by enhancing leaf chlorophyll content, improving plant growth and fruit ripening rate and yield. No product performance-chemical composition relationship could be assessed. Solubility could be one reason for the superior performance of SBO as a tomato growth promoter. The enhancement of leaf chlorophyll content is discussed to identify a possible link with the SBO photosensitizing properties that have been demonstrated in other work, and thus with photosynthetic performance.

Sortino, Orazio [Dipartimento di Scienze Agronomiche Agrochimiche e delle Produzioni Animali, Universita degli Studi di Catania, Via Valdisavoia 5, 95123 Catania (Italy); Dipasquale, Mauro [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Montoneri, Enzo, E-mail: enzo.montoneri@unito.it [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Tomasso, Lorenzo; Perrone, Daniele G. [Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita di Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy); Vindrola, Daniela; Negre, Michele; Piccone, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Valorizzazione e Protezione delle Risorse Agroforestali, Universita di Torino, Via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco (Italy)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

BEE 3310. Bio-Fluid Mechanics Fall Semester 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/8/08 Ethical behavior statement: Home work assignments are due every Wednesday at the beginning of the class of continuity; conservations of mass, energy and momentum and their applications; laminar and turbulent flows · Hydrostatics, and fluid dynamics -- conservations of mass, energy, and momentum and their applications

Walter, M.Todd

331

Investigation of engine performance and exhaust gas emissions by using bio-diesel in compression ignition engine and optimisation of bio-diesel production from feedstock by using response surface methodology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Bio-diesel, derived from the transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with simple alcohols, has attracted more and more attention recently. As a cleaner burning… (more)

Abuhabaya, Abdullah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Bio-Fuel Production Assisted with High Temperature Steam Electrolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two hybrid energy processes that enable production of synthetic liquid fuels that are compatible with the existing conventional liquid transportation fuels infrastructure are presented. Using biomass as a renewable carbon source, and supplemental hydrogen from high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE), these two hybrid energy processes have the potential to provide a significant alternative petroleum source that could reduce dependence on imported oil. The first process discusses a hydropyrolysis unit with hydrogen addition from HTSE. Non-food biomass is pyrolyzed and converted to pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is upgraded with hydrogen addition from HTSE. This addition of hydrogen deoxygenates the pyrolysis oil and increases the pH to a tolerable level for transportation. The final product is synthetic crude that could then be transported to a refinery and input into the already used transportation fuel infrastructure. The second process discusses a process named Bio-Syntrolysis. The Bio-Syntrolysis process combines hydrogen from HTSE with CO from an oxygen-blown biomass gasifier that yields syngas to be used as a feedstock for synthesis of liquid synthetic crude. Conversion of syngas to liquid synthetic crude, using a biomass-based carbon source, expands the application of renewable energy beyond the grid to include transportation fuels. It can also contribute to grid stability associated with non-dispatchable power generation. The use of supplemental hydrogen from HTSE enables greater than 90% utilization of the biomass carbon content which is about 2.5 times higher than carbon utilization associated with traditional cellulosic ethanol production. If the electrical power source needed for HTSE is based on nuclear or renewable energy, the process is carbon neutral. INL has demonstrated improved biomass processing prior to gasification. Recyclable biomass in the form of crop residue or energy crops would serve as the feedstock for this process. A process model of syngas production using high temperature electrolysis and biomass gasification is presented. Process heat from the biomass gasifier is used to heat steam for the hydrogen production via the high temperature steam electrolysis process. Oxygen produced form the electrolysis process is used to control the oxidation rate in the oxygen-blown biomass gasifier.

Grant Hawkes; James O'Brien; Michael McKellar

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

THE ALL-SKY GEOS RR Lyr SURVEY WITH THE TAROT TELESCOPES: ANALYSIS OF THE BLAZHKO EFFECT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used the GEOS database to study the Blazhko effect of galactic RRab stars. The database is continuously enriched by maxima supplied by amateur astronomers and by a dedicated survey by means of the two TAROT robotic telescopes. The same value of the Blazhko period is observed at different values of the pulsation periods and different values of the Blazhko periods are observed at the same value of the pulsation period. There are clues suggesting that the Blazhko effect is changing from one cycle to the next. The secular changes in the pulsation and Blazhko periods of Z CVn are anticorrelated. The diagrams of magnitudes against phases of the maxima clearly show that the light curves of Blazhko variables can be explained as modulated signals, both in amplitude and in frequency. The closed curves describing the Blazhko cycles in such diagrams have different shapes, reflecting the phase shifts between the epochs of the brightest maximum and the maximum O - C. Our sample shows that both clockwise and counterclockwise directions are possible for similar shapes. The improved observational knowledge of the Blazhko effect, in addition to some peculiarities of the light curves, has yet to be explained by a satisfactory physical mechanism.

Le Borgne, J.-F.; Klotz, A.; Poretti, E. [Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31400 Toulouse (France); Boeer, M. [ARTEMIS, Universite Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Nice (France); Butterworth, N.; Dvorak, S. [American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO), 49 Bay State Rd., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dumont, M.; Hambsch, F.-J.; Vandenbroere, J. [Groupe Europeen d'Observations Stellaires (GEOS), 23 Parc de Levesville, 28300 Bailleau l'Eveque (France); Hund, F. [Bundesdeutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Veraenderliche Sterne e.V. (BAV), Munsterdamm 90, 12169 Berlin (Germany); Kugel, F. [Observatoire Chante-Perdrix, 04150 Banon (France); Vilalta, J. M. [Agrupacio Astronomica de Sabadell (AAS), Apartat de Correus, 50, 08200 Sabadell, Barcelona (Spain)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

GeoChip-based analysis of functional microbial communities during the reoxidation of a bioreduced uranium-contaminated aquifer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pilot-scale system was established for in situ biostimulation of U(VI) reduction by ethanol addition at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Field Research Center (Oak Ridge, TN). After achieving U(VI) reduction, stability of the bioreduced U(IV) was evaluated under conditions of (i) resting (no ethanol injection), (ii) reoxidation by introducing dissolved oxygen (DO), and (iii) reinjection of ethanol. GeoChip, a functional gene array with probes for N, S and C cycling, metal resistance and contaminant degradation genes, was used for monitoring groundwater microbial communities. High diversity of all major functional groups was observed during all experimental phases. The microbial community was extremely responsive to ethanol, showing a substantial change in community structure with increased gene number and diversity after ethanol injections resumed. While gene numbers showed considerable variations, the relative abundance (i.e. percentage of each gene category) of most gene groups changed little. During the reoxidation period, U(VI) increased, suggesting reoxidation of reduced U(IV). However, when introduction of DO was stopped, U(VI) reduction resumed and returned to pre-reoxidation levels. These findings suggest that the community in this system can be stimulated and that the ability to reduce U(VI) can be maintained by the addition of electron donors. This biostimulation approach may potentially offer an effective means for the bioremediation of U(VI)-contaminated sites.

Van Nostrand, Joy [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Wu, Weimin [ORNL; Wu, Liyou [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Deng, Ye [University of Oklahoma; Carley, Jack M [ORNL; Carroll, Sue L [ORNL; He, Zhili [University of Oklahoma; Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Luo, Jian [ORNL; Criddle, Craig [ORNL; Watson, David B [ORNL; Jardine, Philip M [ORNL; Marsh, Terence [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Tiedje, James [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Hazen, T. C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Zhou, Jizhong [University of Oklahoma, Norman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Poppy: a New Bio-Inspired Humanoid Robot Platform for Biped Locomotion and Physical Human-Robot Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was made possible by the use of 3D printing techniques (all limbs were 3D printed). Poppy uses the bio

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

Cough BioMed Central Methodology Establishing a gold standard for manual cough counting: video versus digital audio recordings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2006 Smith et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License

Jaclyn A Smith; John E Earis; Ashley A Woodcock Open Access; Jaclyn A Smith; John E Earis; Ashley A Woodcock

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

446 | Mol. BioSyst., 2014, 10, 446--453 This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014 Cite this: Mol. BioSyst., 2014,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and serve as a powerful tool for genome engineering. Site-specific DNA cleavage can be made this: Mol. BioSyst., 2014, 10, 446 A single-chain TALEN architecture for genome engineering Ning Suna) nucleases (TALENs) have been widely used for genome editing or engineering in various organisms during

Zhao, Huimin

339

744 Mol. BioSyst., 2012, 8, 744752 This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012 Cite this: Mol. BioSyst., 2012, 8, 744752  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Mol. BioSyst., 2012, 8, 744­752 Dissecting ensemble networks in ES cell populations reveals micro in pluripotency in eighty-three ES cells to create Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) at the single cell level. We is associated with a collection of active sub-networks, with differing degrees of connectivity between

Babu, M. Madan

340

future science group 675ISSN 1759-726910.4155/BFS.12.65 2012 Future Science Ltd In the past decade, the annual production of bio-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decade, the annual production of bio- diesel had increased globally by 5 billion gallons [201]. Meanwhile if the reaction time were extended. ReseaRch aRticle 1 Bio-Energy Center, Montana State University ­ Northern

He, Brian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Top quark mass measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The top quark, with its extraordinarily large mass (nearly that of a gold atom), plays a significant role in the phenomenology of EWSB in the Standard Model. In particular, the top quark mass when combined with the W mass constrains the mass of the as yet unobserved Higgs boson. Thus, a precise determination of the mass of the top quark is a principal goal of the CDF and D0 experiments. With the data collected thus far in Runs 1 and 2 of the Tevatron, CDF and D0 have measured the top quark mass in both the lepton+jets and dilepton decay channels using a variety of complementary experimental techniques. The author presents an overview of the most recent of the measurements.

Hill, Christopher S.; /UC, Santa Barbara

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Urban Wood-Based Bio-Energy Systems in Seattle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seattle Steam Company provides thermal energy service (steam) to the majority of buildings and facilities in downtown Seattle, including major hospitals (Swedish and Virginia Mason) and The Northwest (Level I) Regional Trauma Center. Seattle Steam has been heating downtown businesses for 117 years, with an average length of service to its customers of 40 years. In 2008 and 2009 Seattle Steam developed a biomass-fueled renewable energy (bio-energy) system to replace one of its gas-fired boilers that will reduce greenhouse gases, pollutants and the amount of waste sent to landfills. This work in this sub-project included several distinct tasks associated with the biomass project development as follows: a. Engineering and Architecture: Engineering focused on development of system control strategies, development of manuals for start up and commissioning. b. Training: The project developer will train its current operating staff to operate equipment and facilities. c. Flue Gas Clean-Up Equipment Concept Design: The concept development of acid gas emissions control system strategies associated with the supply wood to the project. d. Fuel Supply Management Plan: Development of plans and specifications for the supply of wood. It will include potential fuel sampling analysis and development of contracts for delivery and management of fuel suppliers and handlers. e. Integrated Fuel Management System Development: Seattle Steam requires a biomass Fuel Management System to track and manage the delivery, testing, processing and invoicing of delivered fuel. This application will be web-based and accessed from a password-protected URL, restricting data access and privileges by user-level.

Stan Gent, Seattle Steam Company

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

343

Macro-ions collapse leading to hybrid bio-nanomaterials.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I used supramolecular self-assembling cyanine and the polyamine spermine binding to Escherichia coli genomic DNA as a model for DNA collapse during high throughput screening. Polyamine binding to DNA converts the normally right handed B-DNA into left handed Z-DNA conformation. Polyamine binding to DNA was inhibited by the supramolecular self-assembling cyanine. Self-assembly of cyanine upon DNA scaffold was likewise competitively inhibited by spermine as signaled by fluorescence quench from DNA-cyanine ensemble. Sequence of DNA exposure to cyanine or spermine was critical in determining the magnitude of fluorescence quench. Methanol potentiated spermine inhibition by >10-fold. The IC{sub 50} for spermine inhibition was 0.35 {+-} 0.03 {micro}M and the association constant Ka was 2.86 x 10{sup -6}M. Reversibility of the DNA-polyamine interactions was evident from quench mitigation at higher concentrations of cyanine. System flexibility was demonstrated by similar spermine interactions with {lambda}DNA. The choices and rationale regarding the polyamine, the cyanine dye as well as the remarkable effects of methanol are discussed in detail. Cyanine might be a safer alternative to the mutagenic toxin ethidium bromide for investigating DNA-drug interactions. The combined actions of polyamines and alcohols mediate DNA collapse producing hybrid bio-nanomaterials with novel signaling properties that might be useful in biosensor applications. Finally, this work will be submitted to Analytical Sciences (Japan) for publication. This journal published our earlier, related work on cyanine supramolecular self-assembly upon a variety of nucleic acid scaffolds.

Achyuthan, Komandoor E.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Proceedings from the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

345

Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.

Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

346

EMSL - Mass Spectrometer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MS) with high mass resolution (m&61636;m100,000). Solvent mixtures of acetonitrilewater and acetonitriletoluene were used to extract and ionize polar and non-polar...

347

Guidelines for Transportation, Handling, and Use of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil. Part 1. Flammability and Toxicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alternative sustainable fuel, biomass-derived fast pyrolysis oil or 'bio-oil', is coming into the market. Fast pyrolysis pilot and demonstration plants for fuel applications producing tonnes of bio-oil are in operation, and commercial plants are under design. There will be increasingly larger amounts of bio-oil transportation on water and by land, leading to a need for specifications and supporting documentation. Bio-oil is different from conventional liquid fuels, and therefore must overcome both technical and marketing hurdles for its acceptability in the fuels market. A comprehensive Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is required, backed with independent testing and certification. In order to standardise bio-oil quality specifications are needed. The first bio-oil burner fuel standard in ASTM (D7544) was approved in 2009. CEN standardisation has been initiated in Europe. In the EU a new chemical regulation system, REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) is being applied. Registration under REACH has to be made if bio-oil is produced or imported to the EU. In the USA and Canada, bio-oil has to be filed under TOSCA (US Toxic Substances Control Act). In this paper the state of the art on standardisation is discussed, and new data for the transportation guidelines is presented. The focus is on flammability and toxicity.

Oasmaa, Anja; Kalli, Anssi; Lindfors, Christian; Elliott, Douglas C.; Springer, David L.; Peacocke, Cordner; Chiaramonti, David

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

348

Ag:TiN NANOCOMPOSITE THIN FILMS FOR DRY EEG BIO-ELECTRODES P. Pedrosa1,2,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ag:TiN NANOCOMPOSITE THIN FILMS FOR DRY EEG BIO-ELECTRODES P. Pedrosa1,2,3 , C. Lopes3 , D their potential application as EEG bio-electrodes. The coatings were characterized regarding their composition to the common used gel pastes [3] and the risk of short-circuiting adjacent electrodes due to gel running can be

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

349

A review of the chemical and physical mechanisms of the storage stability of fast pyrolysis bio-oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the fundamental chemical and physical aging mechanisms is necessary to learn how to produce a bio-oil that is more stable during shipping and storage. This review provides a basis for this understanding and identifies possible future research paths to produce bio-oils with better storage stability.

Diebold, J.P.

1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

350

What's wrong with the field of bio-neutron scattering? 1) Not enough professional science and not enough professional scientists  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What's wrong with the field of bio-neutron scattering? 1) Not enough professional science a paper in this field. Anybody can do it! The most detailed analysis of bio-neutron scattering data up independent moment analysis of the neutron scattering spectrum. Up to today nobody, not even MD people, picked

Doster, Wolfgang

351

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical discovery disTricT is designed The BUilding's collegial and physical relaTionship To neighBoring faciliTies in The U's BioMedical discovery in the U's Biomedical Discovery District. "The brick, precast concrete, and curtain wall vocabulary

Weiblen, George D

352

BioPig: Developing Cloud Computing Applications for Next-Generation Sequence Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Next Generation sequencing is producing ever larger data sizes with a growth rate outpacing Moore's Law. The data deluge has made many of the current sequenceanalysis tools obsolete because they do not scale with data. Here we present BioPig, a collection of cloud computing tools to scale data analysis and management. Pig is aflexible data scripting language that uses Apache's Hadoop data structure and map reduce framework to process very large data files in parallel and combine the results.BioPig extends Pig with capability with sequence analysis. We will show the performance of BioPig on a variety of bioinformatics tasks, including screeningsequence contaminants, Illumina QA/QC, and gene discovery from metagenome data sets using the Rumen metagenome as an example.

Bhatia, Karan; Wang, Zhong

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

353

Optimal homogenization of perfusion flows in microfluidic bio-reactors; a numerical study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To ensure homogeneous conditions within the complete area of perfused microfluidic bio-reactors, we develop a general design of a continuously feed bio-reactor with uniform perfusion flow. This is achieved by introducing a specific type of perfusion inlet to the reaction area. The geometry of these inlets are found using the methods of topology optimization and shape optimization. The results are compared with two different analytic models, from which a general parametric description of the design is obtained and tested numerically. Such a parametric description will generally be beneficial for the design of a broad range of microfluidic bioreactors used for e.g. cell culturing and analysis, and in feeding bio-arrays.

Okkels, Fridolin; Bruus, Henrik

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Bio-Oil Separation and Stabilization by Supercritical Fluid Fractionation – 2014 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to use supercritical fluids to separate and fractionate algal-based bio-oils into stable products that can be subsequently upgraded to produce drop-in renewable fuels. To accomplish this objective, algae was grown and thermochemically converted to bio-oils using hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), pyrolysis, and catalytic pyrolysis. The bio-oils were separated into an extract and a raffinate using near-critical propane or carbon dioxide. The fractions were then subjected to thermal aging studies to determine if the extraction process had stabilized the products. It was found that the propane extract fraction was twice as stable as the parent catalytic pyrolysis bio-oils as measured by the change in viscosity after two weeks of accelerated aging at 80°C. Further, in-situ NMR aging studies found that the propane extract was chemically more stable than the parent bio-oil. Thus the milestone of stabilizing the product was met. A preliminary design of the extraction plant was prepared. The design was based on a depot scale plant processing 20,000,000 gallons per year of bio-oil. It was estimated that the capital costs for such a plant would be $8,700,000 with an operating cost of $3,500,000 per year. On a per gallon of product cost and a 10% annual rate of return, capital costs would represent $0.06 per gallon and operating costs would amount to $0.20 per gallon. Further, it was found that the energy required to run the process represented 6.2% of the energy available in the bio-oil, meeting the milestone of less than 20%. Life cycle analysis and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission analysis found that the energy for running the critical fluid separation process and the GHG emissions were minor compared to all the inputs to the overall well to pump system. For the well to pump system boundary, energetics in biofuel conversion are typically dominated by energy demands in the growth, dewater, and thermochemical process. Bio-oil stabilization by near critical propane extraction had minimal impact in the overall energetics of the process with NER contributions of 0.03. Based on the LCA, the overall conversion pathways were found to be energy intensive with a NER of about 2.3 and 1.2 for catalytic pyrolysis and HTL, respectively. GHG emissions for the catalytic pyrolysis process were greater than that of petroleum diesel at 210 g CO2 eq compared to 18.9 g CO2 eq. Microalgae bio-oil based diesel with thermochemical conversion through HTL meets renewable fuel standards with favorable emission reductions of -10.8 g CO2 eq. The importance of the outcomes is that the critical fluid extraction and stabilization process improved product stability and did so with minimal energy inputs and processing costs. The LCA and GHG emission calculations point toward the HTL pathway as the more favorable thermochemical route towards upgrading algae to bio-fuels. Since the quality of the HTL oil was significantly lower than that of the catalytic pyrolysis bio-oil, the next steps point toward improving the quality of the HTL oils from algae biomass and focusing the critical fluid stabilization on that bio-oil product.

Foster Agblevor; Lucia Petkovic; Edward Bennion; Jason Quinn; John Moses; Deborah Newby; Daniel Ginosar

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Bio-Optical Variability in Mayaguez Bay during the Rainy Season Joel A. Quiones Rivera, ja23_degrees@hotmail.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-Optical Variability in Mayaguez Bay during the Rainy Season Joel A. Quiñones Rivera, ja23 by suspending particles in the water that affects light penetration. This is critical for the bio-optical from different stations collected with an bio-optical rosette along the Mayagüez Bay and considering

Gilbes, Fernando

356

The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural and local development G. Henry and E.J. Trigo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural BIO-ECONOMY AT WORK: FROM LARGE SCALE EXPERIENCES TO INSTRUMENTS FOR RURAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Guy Email: ejtrigo@gmail.com Abstract - The new bio-economy is increasingly seen as a workable alternative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

357

Status of the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source at Toyo University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the paper, the material science experiments, carried out recently using the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) at Toyo University, are reported. We have investigated several methods to synthesize endohedral C{sub 60} using ion-ion and ion-molecule collision reaction in the ECRIS. Because of the simplicity of the configuration, we can install a large choice of additional equipment in the ECRIS. The Bio-Nano ECRIS is suitable not only to test the materials production but also to test technical developments to improve or understand the performance of an ECRIS.

Uchida, T., E-mail: uchida-t@toyo.jp [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan); Minezaki, H.; Ishihara, S. [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan); Muramatsu, M.; Kitagawa, A.; Drentje, A. G. [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)] [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Rácz, R.; Biri, S. [Institute for Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen (Hungary)] [Institute for Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026 Debrecen (Hungary); Asaji, T. [Oshima National College of Maritime Technology, Yamaguchi 742-2193 (Japan)] [Oshima National College of Maritime Technology, Yamaguchi 742-2193 (Japan); Kato, Y. [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan); Yoshida, Y. [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan) [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, Kawagoe 350-8585 (Japan)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Failure by fracture and fatigue in 'NANO' and 'BIO'materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The behavior of nanostructured materials/small-volumestructures and biologi-cal/bio-implantable materials, so-called "nano"and "bio" materials, is currently much in vogue in materials science. Oneaspect of this field, which to date has received only limited attention,is their fracture and fatigue properties. In this paper, we examine twotopics in this area, namely the premature fatigue failure ofsilicon-based micron-scale structures for microelectromechanical systems(MEMS), and the fracture properties of mineralized tissue, specificallyhuman bone.

Ritchie, R.O.; Muhlstein, C.L.; Nalla, R.K.

2003-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

359

Production of higher quality bio-oils by in-line esterification of pyrolysis vapor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure encompasses in-line reactive condensation processes via vapor phase esterification of bio-oil to decease reactive species concentration and water content in the oily phase of a two-phase oil, thereby increasing storage stability and heating value. Esterification of the bio-oil vapor occurs via the vapor phase contact and subsequent reaction of organic acids with ethanol during condensation results in the production of water and esters. The pyrolysis oil product can have an increased ester content and an increased stability when compared to a condensed pyrolysis oil product not treated with an atomized alcohol.

Hilten, Roger Norris; Das, Keshav; Kastner, James R; Bibens, Brian P

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

360

Nano-Bio-Genesis: Tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ral Journal of Biomedical Discovery and ssBioMed CentCollaboration Open AcceCase Study Nano-Bio-Genesis: tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science' Rajan P Kulkarni* Address: Centre for Economics & Policy, Institute... of dollars potentially avail- able for nano research specifically directed towards the life sciences. One of the first NIH-related agencies to devise such a nano-biological framework was the NCI. Cancer has been a specially designated research topic for over...

Kulkarni, Rajan P

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Status of the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source at Toyo University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the paper, the material science experiments, carried out recently using the Bio-Nano electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) at Toyo University, are reported. We have investigated several methods to synthesize endohedral C60 using ion-ion and ion-molecule collision reaction in the ECRIS. Because of the simplicity of the configuration, we can install a large choice of additional equipment in the ECRIS. The Bio-Nano ECRIS is suitable not only to test the materials production but also to test technical developments to improve or understand the performance of an ECRIS.

Uchida, T; Ishihara, S; Muramatsu, M; Racz, R; Asaji, T; Kitagawa, A; Kato, Y; Biri, S; Drentje, A G; Yoshida, Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

mass communication advertising &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mass communication advertising & public relations introduction. Graduate programs in the Department of Mass Communication, Advertising, and Public Relations provide an entry to a wide spectrum of careers in the communication industry. Classes, internships, site visits, and presentations by top professionals offer students

Finzi, Adrien

363

Elbow mass flow meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity. 3 figs.

McFarland, A.R.; Rodgers, J.C.; Ortiz, C.A.; Nelson, D.C.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Origins of Mass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

Lincoln, Don

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

365

Gas Chromatography -Mass Spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GCMS - 1 Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry GC-MS ANALYSIS OF ETHANOL AND BENZENE IN GASOLINE Last updated: June 17, 2014 #12;GCMS - 2 Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry GC-MS ANALYSIS). The goal of this experiment is to separate the components in a sample of gasoline using Gas Chromatography

Nizkorodov, Sergey

366

The Origins of Mass  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Stability and Regeneration of Catalysts for the Destruction of Tars from Bio-mass Black Liquor Gasification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop catalytic materials and processes that would be effective in the destruction of tars formed during the gasification of black liquor and biomass. We report here the significant results obtained at the conclusion of this two year project.

Pradeep Agrawal

2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

368

Fast Pyrolysis Oil Stabilization: An Integrated Catalytic and Membrane Approach for Improved Bio-oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This University of Massachusetts, Amherst project, "Fast Pyrolysis Oil Stabilization: An Integrated Catalytic and Membrane Approach for Improved Bio-oils" started on 1st February 2009 and finished on August 31st 2011. The project consisted following tasks: Task 1.0: Char Removal by Membrane Separation Technology The presence of char particles in the bio-oil causes problems in storage and end-use. Currently there is no well-established technology to remove char particles less than 10 micron in size. This study focused on the application of a liquid-phase microfiltration process to remove char particles from bio-oil down to slightly sub-micron levels. Tubular ceramic membranes of nominal pore sizes 0.5 and 0.8 ���µm were employed to carry out the microfiltration, which was conducted in the cross-flow mode at temperatures ranging from 38 to 45 C and at three different trans-membrane pressures varying from 1 to 3 bars. The results demonstrated the removal of the major quantity of char particles with a significant reduction in overall ash content of the bio-oil. The results clearly showed that the cake formation mechanism of fouling is predominant in this process. Task 2.0 Acid Removal by Membrane Separation Technology The feasibility of removing small organic acids from the aqueous fraction of fast pyrolysis bio-oils using nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes was studied. Experiments were carried out with a single solute solutions of acetic acid and glucose, binary solute solutions containing both acetic acid and glucose, and a model aqueous fraction of bio-oil (AFBO). Retention factors above 90% for glucose and below 0% for acetic acid were observed at feed pressures near 40 bar for single and binary solutions, so that their separation in the model AFBO was expected to be feasible. However, all of the membranes were irreversibly damaged when experiments were conducted with the model AFBO due to the presence of guaiacol in the feed solution. Experiments with model AFBO excluding guaiacol were also conducted. NF membranes showed retention factors of glucose greater than 80% and of acetic acid less than 15% when operated at transmembrane pressures near 60 bar. Task 3.0 Acid Removal by Catalytic Processing It was found that the TAN reduction in bio-oil was very difficult using low temperature hydrogenation in flow and batch reactors. Acetic acid is very resilient to hydrogenation and we could only achieve about 16% conversion for acetic acid. Although it was observed that acetic acid was not responsible for instability of aqueous fraction of bio-oil during ageing studies (described in task 5). The bimetallic catalyst PtRe/ceria-zirconia was found to be best catalyst because its ability to convert the acid functionality with low conversion to gas phase carbon. Hydrogenation of the whole bio-oil was carried out at 125���°C, 1450 psi over Ru/C catalyst in a flow reactor. Again, negligible acetic acid conversion was obtained in low temperature hydrogenation. Hydrogenation experiments with whole bio-oil were difficult to perform because of difficulty to pumping the high viscosity oil and reactor clogging. Task 4.0 Acid Removal using Ion Exchange Resins DOWEX M43 resin was used to carry out the neutralization of bio-oil using a packed bed column. The pH of the bio-oil increased from 2.43 to 3.7. The GC analysis of the samples showed that acetic acid was removed from the bio-oil during the neutralization and recovered in the methanol washing. But it was concluded that process would not be economical at large scale as it is extremely difficult to regenerate the resin once the bio-oil is passed over it. Task 5.0 Characterization of Upgraded Bio-oils We investigated the viscosity, microstructure, and chemical composition of bio-oils prepared by a fast pyrolysis approach, upon aging these fuels at 90���ºC for periods of several days. Our results suggest that the viscosity increase is not correlated with the acids or char present in the bio-oils. The

George W. Huber, Aniruddha A Upadhye, David M. Ford, Surita R. Bhatia, Phillip C. Badger

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Absolute neutrino mass measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutrino mass plays an important role in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In recent years the detection of neutrino flavour oscillations proved that neutrinos carry mass. However, oscillation experiments are only sensitive to the mass-squared difference of the mass eigenvalues. In contrast to cosmological observations and neutrino-less double beta decay (0v2{beta}) searches, single {beta}-decay experiments provide a direct, model-independent way to determine the absolute neutrino mass by measuring the energy spectrum of decay electrons at the endpoint region with high accuracy.Currently the best kinematic upper limits on the neutrino mass of 2.2eV have been set by two experiments in Mainz and Troitsk, using tritium as beta emitter. The next generation tritium {beta}-experiment KATRIN is currently under construction in Karlsruhe/Germany by an international collaboration. KATRIN intends to improve the sensitivity by one order of magnitude to 0.2eV. The investigation of a second isotope ({sup 137}Rh) is being pursued by the international MARE collaboration using micro-calorimeters to measure the beta spectrum. The technology needed to reach 0.2eV sensitivity is still in the R and D phase. This paper reviews the present status of neutrino-mass measurements with cosmological data, 0v2{beta} decay and single {beta}-decay.

Wolf, Joachim [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), IEKP, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

370

Approximate Waveforms for Extreme-Mass-Ratio Inspirals: The Chimera Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a new kludge scheme to model the dynamics of generic extreme-mass-ratio inspirals (EMRIs; stellar compact objects spiraling into a spinning supermassive black hole) and their gravitational-wave emission. The Chimera scheme is a hybrid method that combines tools from different approximation techniques in General Relativity: (i) A multipolar, post-Minkowskian expansion for the far-zone metric perturbation (the gravitational waveforms) and for the local prescription of the self-force; (ii) a post-Newtonian expansion for the computation of the multipole moments in terms of the trajectories; and (iii) a BH perturbation theory expansion when treating the trajectories as a sequence of self-adjusting Kerr geodesics. The EMRI trajectory is made out of Kerr geodesic fragments joined via the method of osculating elements as dictated by the multipolar post-Minkowskian radiation-reaction prescription. We implemented the proper coordinate mapping between Boyer-Lindquist coordinates, associated with the Kerr geo...

Sopuerta, Carlos F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Modification of water transfer properties on historical limestones induced by bio-calcification treatment.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of water within the stone which are the main vector of pollutants. Different surface treatmentsModification of water transfer properties on historical limestones induced by bio-calcification treatment. O. Rozenbaum, J.-L. Rouet June 28, 2013 Univ d'Orl´eans, ISTO, UMR 7327, 45071, Orl´eans, France

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

REUSE AND RECYCLE OF BIO-RESIDUE (PERCOLATE) FROM CONSTRUCTED WETLAND TREATING SEPTAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REUSE AND RECYCLE OF BIO-RESIDUE (PERCOLATE) FROM CONSTRUCTED WETLAND TREATING SEPTAGE by Sukon of percolate from constructed wetland (CW) treating septage in agricultural application with the specific focus CW treating septage could exhibit positive responses of the plant growth which increase seed yield

Richner, Heinz

373

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil production: a critique-fuels based on palm oil to re- duce greenhouse gas emissions, due account should be taken of carbon emissions fuel use in palm oil pro- duction, making a number of assumptions that I believe to be incorrect

374

The effects of Bio-Mos on lamb growth and immune function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of inclusion of Bio-Mos in the growing ration for weaned lambs on growth rate, feed efficiency, and clinical measures of health of the lambs. Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS), when included as a...

Thayne, Jeffrey Thomas

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ ORNL Bioenergy Resource & Engineering Systems Matt has expertise in accounting for non-market amenitiesThe Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is pleased of Short-rotation Pine for Bioenergy on Water Quality and Quantity Using a Watershed-scale Experiment

376

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) At Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is pleased of bioenergy crops as well as the impacts that the expansion of these crops over large areas may have on climate, water, nutrient, and biodiversity. The DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) has been

377

Concorso Tesi di Laurea e Concorso Tesi di Dottorato di Ricerca BioEnergy Italy 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concorso Tesi di Laurea e Concorso Tesi di Dottorato di Ricerca BioEnergy Italy 2014 Bioenergie, Chimica Verde e Agricoltura Destinato ai laureati di qualsiasi FacoltĂ  che hanno dell'uso delle bioenergie o della chimica verde in agricoltura I Concorsi - promossi da Cremona

Segatti, Antonio

378

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is pleased Studies Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison. Co-Leader in Creating Sustainable Bioenergy Practices Jackson's program focuses on structure and function of managed, semi

379

Optimizing Feedstock Logistics and Assessment of Hydrologic Impacts for Sustainable Bio-Energy Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

builder was used to automate the GIS analysis. Network analysis was used to find the best route to move the mobile pyrolysis units to new locations and to identify the closest refinery to transport the bio-crude oil. To produce bioenergy from feedstocks...

Ha, Mi-Ae 1979-

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

ROMS-BioBUS in the Benguela forced by IPSL ouputs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ROMS-BioBUS in the Benguela forced by IPSL ouputs. Tests on a statistical downscaling of the wind ­ present downscaled wind · Comparison IPSL ­ present versus Control · Conclusion and achievement #12 : Mortality of phytoplankton 4 : Grazing by zooplankton 5 : Production of faecal pellets 6: Mortality

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Grafting odorant binding proteins on diamond bio-MEMS R. Manai a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Beside, cantilevers based on polycrystalline diamond surfaces are very promising as chemical transducers. Here two methods were investigated for chemically grafting porcine OBPs onto polycrystalline diamond1 Grafting odorant binding proteins on diamond bio-MEMS R. Manai a, *, E. Scorsone a , L. Rousseau

Boyer, Edmond

382

Computer-Assisted Ankle Joint Arthroplasty Using Bio-engineered Autografts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer-Assisted Ankle Joint Arthroplasty Using Bio-engineered Autografts R. Sidler1 , W. K study was conducted for the ankle joint, compris- ing a simplified rotational symmetric bone surface bioengineered autografts. The ankle joint was chosen as a first target J. Duncan and G. Gerig (Eds.): MICCAI

383

ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Enhanced nitrogen removal in bio-electrochemical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.V. 2009 Abstract Microbial fuel cells can be designed to remove nitrogenous compounds out of wastewater systems. Keywords Bio-catalyzed cathode Á Energy recovery Á Microbial electrolysis cell Á Microbial fuel, the term microbial fuel cell (MFC) is used, whereas the term microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) is used when

Nerenberg, Robert

384

LIGHT AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE SEA, SPRING 2010 Instructor: Dr. Michael Durako BIO 495 009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHT AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN THE SEA, SPRING 2010 Instructor: Dr. Michael Durako BIO 495 009 Class/14 Photosynthesis vs Light Dr. Durako 3 1/21 Utilization of Light in Aquatic Systems Dr. Durako 4 1/28* Carbon of Light Attenuation in Aquatic Systems - TSS, CDOM, Water Photosynthesis versus Irradiance Measurement

Durako, Michael J.

385

Agricultural Bio-Fueled Generation of Electricity and Development of Durable and Efficent NOx Reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to define the scope and cost of a technology research and development program that will demonstrate the feasibility of using an off-the-shelf, unmodified, large bore diesel powered generator in a grid-connected application, utilizing various blends of BioDiesel as fuel. Furthermore, the objective of project was to develop an emissions control device that uses a catalytic process and BioDiesel (without the presence of Ammonia or Urea)to reduce NOx and other pollutants present in a reciprocating engine exhaust stream with the goal of redefining the highest emission reduction efficiencies possible for a diesel reciprocating generator. Process: Caterpillar Power Generation adapted an off-the-shelf Diesel Generator to run on BioDiesel and various Petroleum Diesel/BioDiesel blends. EmeraChem developed and installed an exhaust gas cleanup system to reduce NOx, SOx, volatile organics, and particulates. The system design and function was optimized for emissions reduction with results in the 90-95% range;

Boyd, Rodney

2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Bio-Inspired Computing with Resistive Memories Models, Architectures and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-Inspired Computing with Resistive Memories ­ Models, Architectures and Applications Qing Wu for applying massively parallel architecture to embedded high performance computing where we must optimize brain, the neuromorphic architecture offers a promising novel computing paradigm for compact and energy

Qiu, Qinru

387

Passive liquid dispensing in capillary-based bio-adhesion Research teams Microfluidics Lab, GRASP (ULg)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Passive liquid dispensing in capillary-based bio-adhesion Research teams Microfluidics Lab, GRASP-81 (2010) #12;Coalescence strategies in droplet microfluidic systems Research team Microfluidics Lab, GRASP, mechanics) Droplet microfluidics is a new technology that aims at miniaturizing assays in life science (Lab

Wolper, Pierre

388

Why the Economic Conception of Human Behaviour Might Lack a Bio-logical Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why the Economic Conception of Human Behaviour Might Lack a Bio- logical Basis Jack J. VROMEN of economic behavior" (Robson 2001a) and several other re- lated papers (Robson 1996, 2001b, 2002) Arthur J to show is that economic behaviour is genetically determined to a considerable degree. Or, alternati- vely

Machery, Edouard

389

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium 200 The Application of 3-D X-Ray Tomography with Finite Element Analysis for Engineering Properties of Strand-Based Composites Qinglin Wu1 Strand-based composites are formed by arranging wood strands in a mat and bonding them together

390

Coupled Effects of Mechanics, Geometry, and Chemistry on Bio-membrane Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

build and analyze complete models to understand the behavior of multi-component membranes. We proposeCoupled Effects of Mechanics, Geometry, and Chemistry on Bio-membrane Behavior Thesis by Ha Giang, and encouragement. #12;iv Abstract Lipid bilayer membranes are models for cell membranes­the structure that helps

Winfree, Erik

391

BioSystems 71 (2003) 8192 Clustering huge data sets for parametric PET imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioSystems 71 (2003) 81­92 Clustering huge data sets for parametric PET imaging Hongbin Guoa University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1804, USA b Good Samaritan PET Center, Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center preprocessing clustering technique for quantification of kinetic PET data is presented. A two-stage clustering

Renaut, Rosemary

392

Towards a Conceptual Model of a Bio-Robotic AUV: Pectoral Fin Hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these technological problems whereas the FY03 ONR MURI program (Integrated Artificial Mus- cle, High-Lift Bio of marine mammals systems (MMS), specifically dolphins. The key technological advances required in order to reach this goal are: 1) An engineered sonar system that matches the perfor- mance of MMS. 2) An AUV

Mittal, Rajat

393

anion exchanger bio-rad: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information Cat Product Name Quantity VIROCLEAR ToRCH 00118 Single LevelDropper Bottle Rodriguez, Carlos 49 Bio-Rad Laboratories I n f e c t I o u s D I s e a s e c o n t r...

394

Bio-Optical Response and Coupling with Physical Processes in the Lombok Strait Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bio-Optical Response and Coupling with Physical Processes in the Lombok Strait Region Burton H.boss@maine.edu ABSTRACT The optical structure and variability of the Lombok Straits region is poorly understood, but available remotely sensed ocean color indicates that there is a strong optical response and signal

Boss, Emmanuel S.

395

A RESTful API for Supporting Automated BioBrick Model Assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constructing simulatable models for BioBricks by hand is a complex and time-consuming task. The time taken could be reduced by using Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools to aid in designing models, but these tools need to be ...

Steyn, J S

2010-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

TASK 40: Sustainable International Bio Energy Trade: securing supply Overview of the task  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 TASK 40: Sustainable International Bio Energy Trade: securing supply and demand Overview-term security. Participating countries (status end 2005): · Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Finland, Netherlands, Utrecht University, the Netherlands Martijn Wagener (until October 2005), Alf van Weereld, Peter

397

Biodiversity, Entropy and Thermodynamics http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/bio info/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity, Entropy and Thermodynamics John Baez http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/bio info/ October(pi ) is fundamental to thermodynamics and information theory. But it's also used to measure biodiversity, where pi. In biodiversity studies, the entropy of an ecosystem is the expected amount of information we gain about

Baez, John

398

accelerating bio-molecular dynamics: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

accelerating bio-molecular dynamics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Charge transport...

399

NORTHWESTERN LAKES OF THE UNITED STATES: BIO-LOGICAL AND CHEMICAL STUDIES WITH REFERENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

102 102 103 103 Lakes in western Washington-Continued. Lake Stevens, Wash . Swan Lake, Wash . Lake '" . Lakes in California and Oregon . Crater Lake, Oreg .. Temperatures .. Net plankton '" . Fallen Leaf LakeNORTHWESTERN LAKES OF THE UNITED STATES: BIO- LOGICAL AND CHEMICAL STUDIES WITH REFERENCE

400

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium 301 Cellulose Microfibril environmentally safe products because they have many advantages such as renewable, low cost, low density, high to isolate CMNF from the natural fiber cell wall at reasonable cost and low degradation and how to disperse

Wang, Siqun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Working with Communities to Improve Dignity: The Case of Improved Bio-Centres in Kenya  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Working with Communities to Improve Dignity: The Case of Improved Bio-Centres in Kenya George, to redress the attendant problems. Introduction As is the case in many developing nations, Kenya's urban for in article 184 (Government of Kenya [GOK], 2010) that has enabled subsequent legislation through an Act

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Addressing the Need for Alternative Transportation Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Fossil fuel use increases CO2 emissions and raises the risk of global warming. The high energy contentAddressing the Need for Alternative Transportation Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy Institute Harvey W 94720, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185, **Department of Plant Biology

Knowles, David William

403

MASS POLITICAL MOBILIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................................................................... MASS POLITICAL MOBILIZATION ................................................................................................................................................... Boix & Stokes: The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics Boixandstokes-chap21 Revise Proof page 497 20.4.2007 12:41pm #12;Boix & Stokes: The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics Boixandstokes-chap21

404

Masses of Fundamental Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the original paper entitled, "Masses of Fundamental Particles"(arXiv:1109.3705v5, 10 Feb 2012), not only the masses of fundamental particles including the weak bosons, Higgs boson, quarks, and leptons, but also the mixing angles of quarks and those of neutrinos are all explained and/or predicted in the unified composite models of quarks and leptons successfully. In this addendum entitled, "Higgs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model", it is emphasized that the Higgs boson mass is predicted to be about 130Gev in the minimal unified subquark model, which agrees well with the experimental values of 125-126GeV recently found by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC.

Hidezumi Terazawa

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

405

Heavy Hybrid mesons Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We estimate the ground state masses of the heavy hybrid mesons using a phenomenological QCD-type potential. 0^{- -},1^{- -},0^{- +},1^{- +} and 0^{+ -} J^{PC} states are considered.

F. Iddir; L. Semlala

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

406

HIGEE Mass Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HIGEE MASS TRANSFER R.J. Mohr and R. Fowler GLITSCH, INC. Dallas, Texas ABSTRACT Distillation, absorption, and gas stripping have traditionally been performed in tall columns utilizing trays or packing. Columns perform satisfactorily... transfer system which utilizes a rotating bed of packing to achieve high efficiency separations, and consequent reduction in size and weight. INTRODUCTION HIGEE is probably one of the most interesting developments in mass transfer equipment made...

Mohr, R. J.; Fowler, R.

407

Recent advances in hydrotreating of pyrolysis bio-oil and its oxygen-containing model compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is considerable world-wide interest in discovering renewable sources of energy that can substitute for fossil fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass, which is the most abundant and inexpensive renewable feedstock on the planet, has a great potential for sustainable production of fuels, chemicals, and carbon-based materials. Fast pyrolysis integrated with hydrotreating is one of the simplest, most cost-effective and most efficient processes to convert lignocellulosic biomass to liquid hydrocarbon fuels for transportation, which has attracted significant attention in recent decades. However, effective hydrotreating of pyrolysis bio-oil presents a daunting challenge to the commercialization of biomass conversion via pyrolysis-hydrotreating. Specifically, development of active, selective, and stable hydrotreating catalysts is the bottleneck due to the poor quality of pyrolysis bio-oil feedstock (high oxygen content, molecular complexity, coking propensity, and corrosiveness). Significant research has been conducted to address the practical issues and provide the fundamental understanding of the hydrotreating/hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of bio-oils and their oxygen-containing model compounds, including phenolics, furans, and carboxylic acids. A wide range of catalysts have been studied, including conventional Mo-based sulfide catalysts and noble metal catalysts, with the latter being the primary focus of the recent research because of their excellent catalytic performances and no requirement of environmentally unfriendly sulfur. The reaction mechanisms of HDO of model compounds on noble metal catalysts as well as their efficacy for hydrotreating or stabilization of bio-oil have been recently reported. This review provides a survey of the relevant literatures of recent 10 years about the advances in the understanding of the HDO chemistry of bio-oils and their model compounds mainly on noble metal catalysts.

Wang, Huamin; Male, Jonathan L.; Wang, Yong

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Bio-processing of solid wastes and secondary resources for metal extraction - A review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review focuses on bio-extraction of metals from solid wastes of industries and consumer goods. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bio-processing of certain effluents/wastewaters with metals is also included in brief. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Quantity/composition of wastes are assessed, and microbes used and leaching conditions included. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bio-recovery using bacteria, fungi and archaea is highlighted for resource recycling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Process methodology/mechanism, R and D direction and scope of large scale use are briefly included. - Abstract: Metal containing wastes/byproducts of various industries, used consumer goods, and municipal waste are potential pollutants, if not treated properly. They may also be important secondary resources if processed in eco-friendly manner for secured supply of contained metals/materials. Bio-extraction of metals from such resources with microbes such as bacteria, fungi and archaea is being increasingly explored to meet the twin objectives of resource recycling and pollution mitigation. This review focuses on the bio-processing of solid wastes/byproducts of metallurgical and manufacturing industries, chemical/petrochemical plants, electroplating and tanning units, besides sewage sludge and fly ash of municipal incinerators, electronic wastes (e-wastes/PCBs), used batteries, etc. An assessment has been made to quantify the wastes generated and its compositions, microbes used, metal leaching efficiency etc. Processing of certain effluents and wastewaters comprising of metals is also included in brief. Future directions of research are highlighted.

Lee, Jae-chun [Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Gwahang-no, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Pandey, Banshi Dhar, E-mail: bd_pandey@yahoo.co.uk [Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Gwahang-no, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); CSIR - National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur 831007 (India)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Atomic mass compilation 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic mass reflects the total binding energy of all nucleons in an atomic nucleus. Compilations and evaluations of atomic masses and derived quantities, such as neutron or proton separation energies, are indispensable tools for research and applications. In the last decade, the field has evolved rapidly after the advent of new production and measuring techniques for stable and unstable nuclei resulting in substantial ameliorations concerning the body of data and their precision. Here, we present a compilation of atomic masses comprising the data from the evaluation of 2003 as well as the results of new measurements performed. The relevant literature in refereed journals and reports as far as available, was scanned for the period beginning 2003 up to and including April 2012. Overall, 5750 new data points have been collected. Recommended values for the relative atomic masses have been derived and a comparison with the 2003 Atomic Mass Evaluation has been performed. This work has been carried out in collaboration with and as a contribution to the European Nuclear Structure and Decay Data Network of Evaluations.

Pfeiffer, B., E-mail: bpfeiffe@uni-mainz.de [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); Venkataramaniah, K. [Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthinilayam (India)] [Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthinilayam (India); Czok, U. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen (Germany)] [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen (Germany); Scheidenberger, C. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany) [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany); II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen (Germany)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Galaxy Cosmological Mass Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the galaxy cosmological mass function (GCMF) in a semi-empirical relativistic approach using observational data provided by galaxy redshift surveys. Starting from the theory of Ribeiro & Stoeger (2003, arXiv:astro-ph/0304094) between the mass-to-light ratio, the selection function obtained from the luminosity function (LF) data and the luminosity density, the average luminosity $L$ and the average galactic mass $\\mathcal{M}_g$ are computed in terms of the redshift. $\\mathcal{M}_g$ is also alternatively estimated by a method that uses the galaxy stellar mass function (GSMF). Comparison of these two forms of deriving the average galactic mass allows us to infer a possible bias introduced by the selection criteria of the survey. We used the FORS Deep Field galaxy survey sample of 5558 galaxies in the redshift range $0.5 light ratio and its GSMF data. Assuming ${\\mathcal{M}_{g_0}} \\approx 10^{11} \\mathcal{M}_\\odot$ as the local value of the average galactic mass, the LF approach results in $L_{B} \\propto (1+z)^{(2.40 \\pm 0.03)}$ and $\\mathcal{M}_g \\propto (1+z)^{(1.1\\pm0.2)}$. However, using the GSMF results produces $\\mathcal{M}_g \\propto (1+z)^{(-0.58 \\pm 0.22)}$. We chose the latter result as it is less biased. We then obtained the theoretical quantities of interest, such as the differential number counts, to calculate the GCMF, which can be fitted by a Schechter function. The derived GCMF follows theoretical predictions in which the less massive objects form first, being followed later by more massive ones. In the range $0.5 < z < 2.0$ the GCMF has a strong variation that can be interpreted as a higher rate of galaxy mergers or as a strong evolution in the star formation history of these galaxies.

Amanda R. Lopes; Alvaro Iribarrem; Marcelo B. Ribeiro; William R. Stoeger

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Carbon Molecular Sieve-based Catalyst with Encapsulated Ruthenium Nanoparticles for Bio-oil Stabilization and Upgrading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pyrolysis oil derived from biomass (bio-oil) is regarded as a potential substitute for petroleum crude for producing environmentally friendly fuels of the future. However, pyrolysis oil upgrading still remains an issue due to its complex composition...

Mironenko, Alexander

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Paper by Umit S. Ozkan, Hua Song, and Lingzhi Zhang (Ohio State University) on the fundamental understanding of reaction networks, active sites of deactivation mechanisms of potential bio-ethanol steam reforming catalysts.

413

U-152: OpenSSL "asn1_d2i_read_bio()" DER Format Data Processing Vulnerability  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The vulnerability is caused due to a type casting error in the "asn1_d2i_read_bio()" function when processing DER format data and can be exploited to cause a heap-based buffer overflow.

414

Development of the Basis for an Analytical Protocol for Feeds and Products of Bio-oil Hydrotreatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for easily following the main changes in the composition, stability, and acidity of bio-oil in hydrotreatment are presented. The correlation to more conventional methods is provided. Depending on the final use the upgrading requirement is different. This will create challenges also for the analytical protocol. Polar pyrolysis liquids and their products can be divided into five main groups with solvent fractionation the change in which is easy to follow. This method has over ten years been successfully used for comparison of fast pyrolysis bio-oil quality, and the changes during handling, and storage, provides the basis of the analytical protocol presented in this paper. The method has most recently been used also for characterisation of bio-oil hydrotreatment products. Discussion on the use of gas chromatographic and spectroscopic methods is provided. In addition, fuel oil analyses suitable for fast pyrolysis bio-oils and hydrotreatment products are discussed.

Oasmaa, Anja; Kuoppala, Eeva; Elliott, Douglas C.

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

415

High Throughput Plasmid Sequencing with Illumina and CLC Bio (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ajay Athavale (Monsanto) presents "High Throughput Plasmid Sequencing with Illumina and CLC Bio" at the 7th Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting held in June, 2012 in Santa Fe, NM.

Athavale, Ajay [Monsanto

2013-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

416

Systematic modulation and enhancement of CO{sub 2} : N{sub 2} selectivity and water stability in an isoreticular series of bio-MOF-11 analogues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An isoreticular series of cobalt-adeninate bio-MOFs (bio-MOFs 11-14) is reported. The pores of bio-MOFs 11-14 are decorated with acetate, propionate, butyrate, and valerate, respectively. The nitrogen (N{sub 2}) and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) adsorption properties of these materials are studied and compared. The isosteric heats of adsorption for CO{sub 2} are calculated, and the CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2} selectivities for each material are 10 determined. As the lengths of the aliphatic chains decorating the pores in bio-MOFs 11-14 increase, the BET surface areas decrease from 1148 m{sup 2}/g to 17 m{sup 2}/g while the CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2} selectivities predicted from ideal adsorbed solution theory at 1 bar and 273 K for a 10:90 CO{sub 2}:N{sub 2} mixture range from 73:1 for bio-MOF-11 to 123:1 for bio-MOF-12 and finally to 107:1 for bio-MOF-13. At 298 K, the selectivities are 43:1 for bio-MOF-11, 52:1 for bio-MOF-12, and 40:1 for bio-MOF-13. Additionally, it is shown that 15 bio-MOF-14 exhibits a unique molecular sieving property that allows it to adsorb CO{sub 2} but not N{sub 2} at 273 and 298 K. Finally, the water stability of bio-MOFs 11-14 increases with increasing aliphatic chain length. Bio-MOF-14 exhibits no loss of crystallinity or porosity after soaking in water for one month.

Li, Tao; Chen, De-Li; Sullivan, Jeanne E.; Kozlowski, Mark T.; Johnson, J. Karl; Rosi, Nathaniel L.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Mass of Ne-16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1983 The American Physical Society 28 C. J. WOODWARD, R. E. TRIBBLE, AND D. M. TANNER 27 tron rf. A 0.3 mm Kapton absorber foil was insert- ed after the proportional counter in order to ensure that the He particles stopped in the Si detector...PHYSICAL REVIEWER C VOLUME 27, NUMBER 1 Mass of ' Ne JANUARY 1983 C. J. Woodward, * R. E. Tribble, and D. M. Tanner Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 23 August 1982) The mass of ' Ne has been...

Woodward, C. J.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Mass Extinctions Geology 331  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into shallow water and released to atmosphere. · Oxidation of coal and hydrocarbons by extensive erosion of sedimentary rocks, and/or massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia? CH2O + O2 CO2 +H2O · Release of methane by rapid influx of C12 caused by methane release and mass dying at the end of the Permian. Organisms

Kammer, Thomas

419

Residential Thermal Mass Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The southwest has long known the value of building homes with high mass materials. The ancient Pueblo Indians found that by using "adobe" they could capture the energy necessary to survive the harsh desert climate. Our ancestors knew that a heavy...

Thieken, J. S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Riddle of the Neutrino Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some known approaches and results as well as few new ideas concerning origins and nature of neutrino mass. The key issues include (i) connections of neutrino and charged fermions masses, relation between masses and mixing, energy scale of new physics behind neutrino mass where possibilities spread from the Planck and GUT masses down to a sub-eV scale. The data hint two different new physics involved in generation of neutrino mass. Determination of the CP phase as well as mass hierarchy can play important role in identification of new physics. It may happen that sterile neutrinos provide the key to resolve the riddle.

Smirnov, A Yu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Evaluation of syngas production unit cost of bio-gasification facility using regression analysis techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of economic feasibility of a bio-gasification facility needs understanding of its unit cost under different production capacities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the unit cost of syngas production at capacities from 60 through 1800Nm 3/h using an economic model with three regression analysis techniques (simple regression, reciprocal regression, and log-log regression). The preliminary result of this study showed that reciprocal regression analysis technique had the best fit curve between per unit cost and production capacity, with sum of error squares (SES) lower than 0.001 and coefficient of determination of (R 2) 0.996. The regression analysis techniques determined the minimum unit cost of syngas production for micro-scale bio-gasification facilities of $0.052/Nm 3, under the capacity of 2,880 Nm 3/h. The results of this study suggest that to reduce cost, facilities should run at a high production capacity. In addition, the contribution of this technique could be the new categorical criterion to evaluate micro-scale bio-gasification facility from the perspective of economic analysis.

Deng, Yangyang; Parajuli, Prem B.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

422

Development of gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering the increasing interest in the utilization of biofuels derived from biomass pyrolysis, ENEL/CRT carried out some experimental investigations on feasibility of biofuels utilization in the electricity production systems. The paper considers the experimental activity for the development and the design optimization of a gas turbine combustor suitable to be fed with biofuel oil, on the basis of the pressurized combustion performance obtained in a small gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil and ethanol/bio-fuel oil mixtures. Combustion tests were performed using the combustion chamber of a 40 kWe gas turbine. A small pressurized rig has been constructed including a nozzle for pressurization and a heat recovering combustion air preheating system, together with a proper injection system consisting of two dual fuel atomizers. Compressed air allowed a good spray quality and a satisfactory flame instability, without the need of a pilot frame, also when firing crude bio-fuel only. A parametric investigation on the combustion performance has been performed in order to evaluate the effect of fuel properties, operating conditions and injection system geometry, especially as regards CO and NO{sub x} emissions and smoke index.

Ardy, P.L.; Barbucci, P.; Benelli, G. [ENEL SpA R& D Dept., Pisa (Italy)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nanoscale mass conveyors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mass transport method and device for individually delivering chargeable atoms or molecules from source particles is disclosed. It comprises a channel; at least one source particle of chargeable material fixed to the surface of the channel at a position along its length; a means of heating the channel; and a means for applying an controllable electric field along the channel, whereby the device transports the atoms or molecules along the channel in response to applied electric field. In a preferred embodiment, the mass transport device will comprise a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT), although other one dimensional structures may also be used. The MWNT or other structure acts as a channel for individual or small collections of atoms due to the atomic smoothness of the material. Also preferred is a source particle of a metal such as indium. The particles move by dissociation into small units, in some cases, individual atoms. The particles are preferably less than 100 nm in size.

Regan, Brian C. (Oakland, CA); Aloni, Shaul (Albany, CA); Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA)

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

424

Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrospray Ionization (ESI) is a process whereby gas phase ions are created from molecules in solution. As a solution exits a narrow tube in the presence of a strong electric field, an aerosol of charged droplets are is formed that produces gas phase ions as they it desolvates. ESI-MS comprises the creation of ions by ESI and the determination of their mass to charge ratio (m/z) by MS.

Kelly, Ryan T.; Marginean, Ioan; Tang, Keqi

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

425

Economics and Impact of Manure and Composted Manure On Soil Quality and Yield Compared to Chemical Fertilizer Among Potential Bio-Fuel Crops.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The objectives of this study were to determine if poultry litter applications at equal rates as inorganic commercial fertilizers to potential bio-fuel crops in Oklahoma… (more)

Fine, Scott Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

L'objectif de ce sminaire autour des moyens d'exploration, des bio marqueurs et de la thrapeutique cible est  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ronde animée par Bernard Gout, Vice-Président de Bio Médical Alliance : Jean-Jacques Romatet (CHU

Ingrand, François

427

Mass spectrometry of proteins of known mass Andrew D. Miranker*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deter- mination has two significant advantages. First, the mass accuracy under these conditions to the orifice of the mass analyzer. As a result, there is a local separation of charges at the tip

Miranker, Andrew

428

Macro-microscopic mass formulae and nuclear mass predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and alpha [5] processes in taking into account the shell effects, the proximity energy and the nuclear de aiming at reproducing the nuclear binding energy and then the nuclear mass contain the usual vol- umeMacro-microscopic mass formulae and nuclear mass predictions G. Royer, M. Guilbaud, A. Onillon

Boyer, Edmond

429

Mass of Ca-36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Spross, Phys. Hev. C 1, 50 (1976). ~H. E. Tribble, J. D. Cossairt, and H. A. Kenefick, Phys. Lett. 618, 353 (1976). 5H. A. Paddock, Phys. Hev. C 5, 485 (1972). 6The ~He mass excess is the average of three deter- minations (all in MeV): 31..., and H. B. Weisenmiller, ibid. 10, 2654 (1974). R. G. H. Robertson, W. Benenson, E. Kashy, and D. Mueller, Phys. Bev. C 13, 1018 (1976). R. G. H. Robertson, S. Martin, W. R. Falk, D. Ingham, and A. Djaloeis, Phys. Hev. Lett. 32, 1207 (1974). R...

Tribble, Robert E.; Cossairt, J. D.; Kenefick, R. A.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Heat and mass exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mass and heat exchanger includes at least one first substrate with a surface for supporting a continuous flow of a liquid thereon that either absorbs, desorbs, evaporates or condenses one or more gaseous species from or to a surrounding gas; and at least one second substrate operatively associated with the first substrate. The second substrate includes a surface for supporting the continuous flow of the liquid thereon and is adapted to carry a heat exchange fluid therethrough, wherein heat transfer occurs between the liquid and the heat exchange fluid.

Lowenstein, Andrew (Princeton, NJ); Sibilia, Marc J. (Princeton, NJ); Miller, Jeffrey A. (Hopewell, NJ); Tonon, Thomas (Princeton, NJ)

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

431

Heat and mass exchanger  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mass and heat exchanger includes at least one first substrate with a surface for supporting a continuous flow of a liquid thereon that either absorbs, desorbs, evaporates or condenses one or more gaseous species from or to a surrounding gas; and at least one second substrate operatively associated with the first substrate. The second substrate includes a surface for supporting the continuous flow of the liquid thereon and is adapted to carry a heat exchange fluid therethrough, wherein heat transfer occurs between the liquid and the heat exchange fluid.

Lowenstein, Andrew (Princeton, NJ); Sibilia, Marc J. (Princeton, NJ); Miller, Jeffrey A. (Hopewell, NJ); Tonon, Thomas (Princeton, NJ)

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

432

Mass of Si-24  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). ~B. E. Tribbl, J. D. Cossairt, D. P. May, and B. A, Kenefick, Phys. Bev. C 16, 1835 (1977). B. E. Tribble, J. D. Cossairt, and B. A. Kenefick, Phys. Bev. C 15, 2028 (1977). B. E. Tribble, B. A. Kenefick, and B. L. Spross, Phys. Bev. C 13, 50...PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 22, NUMBER 1 JULY 1980 Mass of Si R. E. Tribble, D. M. Tanner, and A. F. Zeller* Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 11 January 1980) The Si( He, 'He...

Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.; Zeller, A. F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Mass Spectrometry | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region serviceMissionreal-time informationScience &MapsMarketsMass

434

MASS 2-pager Andrei Tokovinin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. After each 1-min. accumulation time, the MASS software, Turbina, calculates 10 scintillation indices ­ 4 functions centered on the respective layers. The altitude resolution of MASS is h/h 0.5. Turbina

Tokovinin, Andrei A.

435

Top quark mass measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary results on the measurement of the top quark mass at the Tevatron Collider are presented. In the dilepton decay channel, the CDF Collaboration measures m{sub t} = 175.0{sub -16.9}{sup +17.4}(stat.){+-}8.4(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}, using a sample of {approx} 126 pb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton collision data at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV (Run II). In the lepton plus jets channel, the CDF Collaboration measures 177.5{sub -9.4}{sup +12.7}(stat.) {+-} 7.1(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}, using a sample of {approx} 102 pb{sup -1} at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The D0 Collaboration has newly applied a likelihood technique to improve the analysis of {approx} 125 pb{sup -1} of proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV (Run I), with the result: m{sub t} = 180.1 {+-} 3.6(stat.) {+-}3.9(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}. The latter is combined with all the measurements based on the data collected in Run I to yield the most recent and comprehensive experimental determination of the top quark mass: m{sub t} = 178.0 {+-} 2.7(stat.) {+-} 3.3(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}.

L. Cerrito

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

436

Linear electric field mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry are described. The apparatus is compact and of low weight and has a low power requirement, making it suitable for use on a space satellite and as a portable detector for the presence of substances. High mass resolution measurements are made by timing ions moving through a gridless cylindrically symmetric linear electric field. 8 figs.

McComas, D.J.; Nordholt, J.E.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting. BioOne provides a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit

Douches, David S.

438

The August 24, 2002 Coronal Mass Ejection: When a Western Limb Event Connects to Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss how some coronal mass ejections (CMEs) originating from the western limb of the Sun are associated with space weather effects such as solar energetic particles (SEPs), shock or geo-effective ejecta at Earth. We focus on the August 24, 2002 coronal mass ejection, a fast (~ 2000 km/s) eruption originating from W81. Using a three-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamic simulation of this ejection with the Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF), we show how a realistic initiation mechanism enables us to study the deflection of the CME in the corona and the heliosphere. Reconnection of the erupting magnetic field with that of neighboring streamers and active regions modify the solar connectivity of the field lines connecting to Earth and can also partly explain the deflection of the eruption during the first tens of minutes. Comparing the results at 1 AU of our simulation with observations by the ACE spacecraft, we find that the simulated shock does not reach Earth, but has a maximum angular span of about 120$^\\circ$, and reaches 35$^\\circ$ West of Earth in 58 hours. We find no significant deflection of the CME and its associated shock wave in the heliosphere, and we discuss the consequences for the shock angular span.

N. Lugaz; I. I. Roussev; I. V. Sokolov

2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

439

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been Contact us My IOPscience #12;Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood K conversion of biomass provide a great variety of products: oils, alcohols and gases. After treatment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Clerc BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12/22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clerc BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 http://www.biomedical-engineering Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 Page 2 of 4 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. #12;Clerc BioMedical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/11/32  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 http://www.biomedical-engineering the original work is properly cited. #12;Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 Page 2 of 21 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/11/32 analyze the patient-ventilator interface [3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Hayashibe and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12/1/86  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hayashibe and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 http://www.biomedical-engineering and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 Page 2 of 18 http://www.biomedical-engineering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

Ocean Optics XVI Conference, Santa Fe, New Mexico, November 18-22, 2002 BIO-OPTICAL EVIDENCE OF LAND-SEA INTERACTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ocean Optics XVI Conference, Santa Fe, New Mexico, November 18-22, 2002 BIO-OPTICAL EVIDENCE Rico. However, the complexity of the bay's optical properties and certain limitations of the technology, allowing a better understanding of such bio-optical variability. A new sampling design with twenty

Gilbes, Fernando

444

Evaluation of Electrostatic Particle Ionization and BioCurtain Technologies to Reduce Dust, Odor and other Pollutants from Broiler Houses Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is automated for self-adjustment of corona lines for optimal ion flow through the system as seen in Figure 1) and the BioCurtain TM system (two systems, one per battery of mechanical ventilation fans as seen in Figure 2. Each BioCurtain TM includes a mini...

Jerez, S.; Muhktar, S.; Faulkner, W.; Casey, K.; Borhan, S.; Hoff, A.; VanDelist, B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

WMAPping out Neutrino Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent data from from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) place important bounds on the neutrino sector. The precise determination of the baryon number in the universe puts a strong constraint on the number of relativistic species during Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis. WMAP data, when combined with the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), also directly constrain the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. These results impinge upon a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the result from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND). We also note that the Heidelberg--Moscow evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is only consistent with the WMAP+2dFGRS data for the largest values of the nuclear matrix element.

Aaron Pierce; Hitoshi Murayama

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

446

Proceedings of the Bio-Energy '80 world congress and exposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many countries are moving with increasing urgency to obtain larger fractions of their energy from biomass. Over 1800 leading experts from 70 countries met on April 21 to 24 in Atlanta to conduct a World Congress and Exposition on Bio-Energy. This summary presents highlights of the Congress and thoughts stimulated by the occasion. Topics addressed include a comparison of international programs, world and country regionalism in the development of energy supplies, fuel versus food or forest products, production of ethyl alcohol, possibilities for expanded production of terrestrial vegetation and marine flora, and valuable chemicals from biomass. Separate abstracts have been prepared for 164 papers for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Microarray Transcriptomics Data from the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a multi-institutional (18 partner), multidisciplinary research (biological, chemical, physical and computational sciences, mathematics and engineering) organization focused on the fundamental understanding and elimination of biomass recalcitrance. BESC's approach to improve accessibility to the sugars within biomass involves 1) designing plant cell walls for rapid deconstruction and 2) developing multitalented microbes for converting plant biomass into biofuels in a single step (consolidated bioprocessing). Addressing the roadblock of biomass recalcitrance will require a multiscale understanding of plant cell walls from biosynthesis to deconstruction pathways. This integrated understanding would generate models, theories and finally processes that will be used to understand and overcome biomass recalcitrance.

448

Bio Centers Announcement at the National Press Club | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio Centers

449

Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetter PlantsBeyondBigBio- November

450

BioEnergie Park Soesetal GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:form View source History View NewLtd Jump to:BioEnergie

451

Bio-oil Upgrading with Novel Low Cost Catalysts Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011 DRAFTofBio-Oil Deployment in the Home is

452

BioDiesel Content On-board monitoring | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011 DRAFTofBio-Oil Deployment in the Home

453

Center for Bio-Inspired Energy Science (CBES) | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High Energy Physics AdvisoryCMSNF

454

Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio) |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High Energy Physics AdvisoryCMSNFOffice of

455

The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the DOE Office of Science Pseudo-lignin Chemistry and Its Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center and Biochemistry, BioEnergy Science Center Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA *Presenter: arthur by the DOE office of Biological and Environmental Research through the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC). 10 µm

Das, Suman

456

Statistical characterisation of bio-aerosol background in an urban environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we statistically characterise the bio-aerosol background in an urban environment. To do this we measure concentration levels of naturally occurring microbiological material in the atmosphere over a two month period. Naturally occurring bioaerosols can be considered as noise, as they mask the presence of signals coming from biological material of interest (such as an intentionally released biological agent). Analysis of this 'biobackground' was undertaken in the 1-10 um size range and a 3-9% contribution was found to be biological in origin - values which are in good agreement with other studies reported in the literature. A model based on the physics of turbulent mixing and dispersion was developed and validated against this analysis. The Gamma distribution (the basis of our model) is shown to comply with the scaling laws of the concentration moments of our data, which enables us to universally characterise both biological and non-biological material in the atmosphere. An application of this model is proposed to build a framework for the development of novel algorithms for bio-aerosol detection and rapid characterisation.

Milan Jamriska; Timothy C. DuBois; Alex Skvortsov

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

457

Can bio-inspired information processing steps be realized as synthetic biochemical processes?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider possible designs and experimental realiza-tions in synthesized rather than naturally occurring bio-chemical systems of a selection of basic bio-inspired information processing steps. These include feed-forward loops, which have been identified as the most common information processing motifs in many natural pathways in cellular functioning, and memory-involving processes, specifically, associative memory. Such systems should not be designed to literally mimic nature. Rather, we can be guided by nature's mechanisms for experimenting with new information/signal processing steps which are based on coupled biochemical reactions, but are vastly simpler than natural processes, and which will provide tools for the long-term goal of understanding and harnessing nature's information processing paradigm. Our biochemical processes of choice are enzymatic cascades because of their compatibility with physiological processes in vivo and with electronics (e.g., electrodes) in vitro allowing for networking and interfacing of enzyme-catalyzed processes with other chemical and biochemical reactions. In addition to designing and realizing feed-forward loops and other processes, one has to develop approaches to probe their response to external control of the time-dependence of the input(s), by measuring the resulting time-dependence of the output. The goal will be to demonstrate the expected features, for example, the delayed response and stabilizing effect of the feed-forward loops.

Vladimir Privman; Evgeny Katz

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Final Report for Bio-Inspired Approaches to Moving-Target Defense Strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report records the work and contributions of the NITRD-funded Bio-Inspired Approaches to Moving-Target Defense Strategies project performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory under the technical guidance of the National Security Agency’s R6 division. The project has incorporated a number of bio-inspired cyber defensive technologies within an elastic framework provided by the Digital Ants. This project has created the first scalable, real-world prototype of the Digital Ants Framework (DAF)[11] and integrated five technologies into this flexible, decentralized framework: (1) Ant-Based Cyber Defense (ABCD), (2) Behavioral Indicators, (3) Bioinformatic Clas- sification, (4) Moving-Target Reconfiguration, and (5) Ambient Collaboration. The DAF can be used operationally to decentralize many such data intensive applications that normally rely on collection of large amounts of data in a central repository. In this work, we have shown how these component applications may be decentralized and may perform analysis at the edge. Operationally, this will enable analytics to scale far beyond current limitations while not suffering from the bandwidth or computational limitations of centralized analysis. This effort has advanced the R6 Cyber Security research program to secure digital infrastructures by developing a dynamic means to adaptively defend complex cyber systems. We hope that this work will benefit both our client’s efforts in system behavior modeling and cyber security to the overall benefit of the nation.

Fink, Glenn A.; Oehmen, Christopher S.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Cluster SZ -- Mass Correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N-body + hydrodynamic simulations of galaxy clusters are used to demonstrate a correlation between galaxy cluster mass and the strength of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect induced by the cluster. The intrinsic scatter in the correlaton is larger than seen in the cluster mass -- X-ray temperature correlation, but smaller than seen in the correlation between mass (or temperature) and X-ray luminosity, as expected. Using the convergence to self-similarity of cluster structure at larger radii, a simple area-averaged SZ value derived from mock SZ maps also correlates well with mass; the intrinsic scatter in this correlation is comparable to that seen in simulations for the mass -- temperature correlation. Such a relation may prove a powerful tool for estimating cluster masses at higher redshifts.

Christopher A. Metzler

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electron Effective Mass in Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The particle effective mass in graphene is a challenging concept because the commonly used theoretical expression is mathematically divergent. In this paper, we use basic principles to present a simple theoretical expression for the effective mass that is suitable for both parabolic and non-parabolic isotropic materials. We demonstrate that this definition is consistent with the definition of the cyclotron effective mass, which is one of the common methods for effective mass measurement in solid state materials. We apply the proposed theoretical definition to graphene and demonstrate linear dependence of the effective mass on momentum, as confirmed by experimental cyclotron resonance measurements. Therefore, the proposed definition of the effective mass can be used for non-parabolic materials such as graphene.

Viktor Ariel; Amir Natan

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Neutrino Masses and Flavor Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the neutrino oscillations, using texture zero mass matrices for the leptons. The reactor mixing angle $\\theta^{}_{l}$ is calculated. The ratio of the masses of two neutrinos is determined by the solar mixing angle. We can calculate the masses of the three neutrinos: $m_1$ $\\approx$ 0.003 eV - $m_2$ $\\approx$ 0.012 eV - $m_3$ $\\approx$ 0.048 eV.

Fritzsch, Harald

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Neutrino Masses and Flavor Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the neutrino oscillations, using texture zero mass matrices for the leptons. The reactor mixing angle $\\theta^{}_{l}$ is calculated. The ratio of the masses of two neutrinos is determined by the solar mixing angle. We can calculate the masses of the three neutrinos: $m_1$ $\\approx$ 0.003 eV - $m_2$ $\\approx$ 0.012 eV - $m_3$ $\\approx$ 0.048 eV.

Harald Fritzsch

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

463

Relativistic mass and modern physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At first sight, arguments for and against the notion of relativistic mass look like a notorious intra-Lilliputian quarrel between Big-Endians (those who broke their eggs at the larger end) and Little-Endians. However, upon closer inspection we discover that the relativistic mass notion is alien to the spirit of modern physics to a much greater extent than it seems. To demonstrate an abyss between the modern approach and archaic notions, in this paper we explore how the concept of mass is introduced in modern physics. This modern approach reveals a deep cohomological origin of mass.

Z. K. Silagadze

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Phenomenology of Absolute Neutrino Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenology of absolute neutrino masses is reviewed, focusing on tritium beta decay, cosmological measurements and neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Carlo Giunti

2004-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

465

Energy Functional for Nuclear Masses.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An energy functional is formulated for mass calculations of nuclei across the nuclear chart with major-shell occupations as the relevant degrees of freedom. The functional… (more)

Bertolli, Michael Giovanni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Variable Mass Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several attempts to construct theories of gravity with variable mass are considered. The theoretical impacts of allowing the rest mass to vary with respect to time or an appropriate curve parameter are examined in the framework of Newtonian and Einsteinian gravity theories. In further steps, scalar-tensor theories are examined with respect to their relation to the variation of the mass and in an ultimate step, an additional coordinate is introduced and its possible relation to the mass is examined, yielding a five dimensional space-time-matter theory.

M. Leclerc

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

467

THE EARLY DAYS OF ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reported work in high energy mass spectrometry-two in 1938,importance of high energy mass spectrometry was demonstrated

Alvarez, L.W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

System Name: System Type Room Location E.164 Alias BPB 130 Tandberg C40 Bio Physics Building 130 130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Point Marine Science Bldg 4059067 Avery Point Director's office Sony PCS-TL33 Avery Point Campus 4059000 Avery Point Marine Science Sony PCS-TL33 Avery Point Campus 4059152 Bio Physics Tandberg MXP 3000 BPB Director's office Sony PCS-TL33 Greater Hartford Campus 5709214 ITL portable system Sony PCS-TL33 Storrs

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

469

Presenter Bio -Tasios Melis, Professor, UC Berkeley A Professor at the University of California Berkeley, Tasios Melis envisioned and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Berkeley, Tasios Melis envisioned and pioneered the concept of "Photosynthetic Biofuels", entailing, how to divert the natural flow of photosynthesis in green microalgae and to sustainably generate in the development of technologies for the renewable generation of a multitude of biofuels and other useful bio

470

Bio for Esther Duflo Esther Duflo has distinguished herself through definitive contributions to the field of Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and education. She has written extensively on India, but has also studied Indonesia, Cote d'Ivoire, South Africa1 Bio for Esther Duflo Esther Duflo has distinguished herself through definitive contributions coauthors study the impact of female political leadership on local government spending and attitudes toward

Sarkar, Nilanjan

471

Report No. PA 14 of 2008 Compliance to rules governing municipal solid, bio-medical and plastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-medical and plastic waste Objective 5: Whether effective compliance to rules/laws regulating municipal solid waste, bio-medical waste and plastic waste was taking place in the state. The United Nations Conference of 2008 54 · The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules were notified in 1999 with an amendment

Columbia University

472

Micromorphological and (bio)chemical organic matter changes in a formerly cutover peat bog : Le Russey, Jura Mountains, France.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micromorphological and (bio)chemical organic matter changes in a formerly cutover peat bog : Le. In order to moniter peat reaccumulation and hence long-term carbon sequestration in peatlands which have ([1]). Among these indicators, it has previously been shown that physico-chemical properties of peat

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 37 (1): 49-59, 2008 SALINITY IMPLICATIONS OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 37 (1): 49-59, 2008 SALINITY IMPLICATIONS OF WASTEWATER IRRIGATION and shortage of good quality water, wastewater irrigation is a growing phenomenon in many arid and semi-arid countries. A common characteristic of wastewater is high salinity, with cities typically adding 200 ­ 500 mg

Scott, Christopher

474

Eco-Bio-Social Determinants for House Infestation by Non-domiciliated Triatoma dimidiata in the Yucatan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eco-Bio-Social Determinants for House Infestation by Non-domiciliated Triatoma dimidiata limited to vector control. Integrated interventions targeting ecological, biological and social/principal findings: We investigated key factors associated with transient house infestation by T. dimidiata in rural

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

A bio-inspired location search algorithm for peer to peer Sachin Kulkarni, Niloy Ganguly, Geoffrey Canright, Andreas Deutsch . . . 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ganguly, Geoffrey Canright, Andreas Deutsch . . . 1 #12;List of Contributors Sachin Kulkarni Department.canright@telenor.com Andreas Deutsch Center for Information Services and High Performance Computing (ZIH), TU-Dresden, Dresden 01062 andreas.deutsch@tu-dresden.de #12;A bio-inspired location search algorithm for peer to peer

Ganguly, Niloy

476

Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 35 (1): 25-39, 2006 PHYTOREMEDIATION: AN AFFORDABLE GREEN TECHNOLOGY FOR THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-driven, green technology is often favored over more conventional methods of clean-up due to its low cost, lowCey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 35 (1): 25-39, 2006 PHYTOREMEDIATION: AN AFFORDABLE GREEN TECHNOLOGY FOR THE CLEAN-UP OF METAL-CONTAMINATED SITES IN SRI LANKA Nishanta Rajakaruna* , Kathleen M. Tompkins and Peter

Rajakaruna, Nishanta

477

Gravity and the Fermion Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that gravity generates mass for the fermion. It does so by coupling directly with the spinor field. The coupling term is invariant with respect to the electroweak gauge group $ U(1) \\otimes SU(2)_L. $ It replaces the fermion mass term $ m\\bar{\\psi} \\psi $.

Kenneth Dalton

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

478

High Mass Accuracy and High Mass Resolving Power FT-ICR Secondary...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Mass Accuracy and High Mass Resolving Power FT-ICR Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry for Biological Tissue Imaging. High Mass Accuracy and High Mass Resolving Power FT-ICR...

479

Scientific Bio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted forHighlights Nuclear Physics (NP)

480

Mass Media Minor Requirements (total 20 credits) Prerequisites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Mass Media · MASS 334 (04) Writing and Speaking For Broadcast · MASS 351 (04) Digital Imaging For Mass Media · MASS 360 (04) Digital Design For Mass Media · MASS 412 (04) Mass Media History · MASS 431 (04Mass Media Minor Requirements (total 20 credits) Prerequisites: · MASS 110 Introduction to Mass

Bates, Rebecca A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bio mass geo" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Hydrocarbon Liquid Production from Biomass via Hot-Vapor-Filtered Fast Pyrolysis and Catalytic Hydroprocessing of the Bio-oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hot-vapor filtered bio-oils were produced from two different biomass feedstocks, oak and switchgrass, and the oils were evaluated in hydroprocessing tests for production of liquid hydrocarbon products. Hot-vapor filtering reduced bio-oil yields and increased gas yields. The yields of fuel carbon as bio-oil were reduced by ten percentage points by hot-vapor filtering for both feedstocks. The unfiltered bio-oils were evaluated alongside the filtered bio-oils using a fixed bed catalytic hydrotreating test. These tests showed good processing results using a two-stage catalytic hydroprocessing strategy. Equal-sized catalyst beds, a sulfided Ru on carbon catalyst bed operated at 220°C and a sulfided CoMo on alumina catalyst bed operated at 400°C were used with the entire reactor at 100 atm operating pressure. The products from the four tests were similar. The light oil phase product was fully hydrotreated so that nitrogen and sulfur were below the level of detection, while the residual oxygen ranged from 0.3 to 2.0%. The density of the products varied from 0.80 g/ml up to 0.86 g/ml over the period of the test with a correlated change of the hydrogen to carbon atomic ratio from 1.79 down to 1.57, suggesting some loss of catalyst activity through the test. These tests provided the data needed to assess the suite of liquid fuel products from the process and the activity of the catalyst in relationship to the existing catalyst lifetime barrier for the technology.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Wang, Huamin; French, Richard; Deutch, Steve; Iisa, Kristiina

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

482

Vacuum-Ultraviolet Photoionization and Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapyl Alcohols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fragmentation mechanisms of monolignols under various energetic processes are studied with jet-cooled thermal desorption molecular beam (TDMB) mass spectrometry (MS), 25 keV Bi3+ secondary ion MS (SIMS), synchrotron vacuum-ultraviolet secondary neutral MS (VUV-SNMS) and theoretical methods. Experimental and calculated appearance energies of fragments observed in TDMB MS indicate that the coniferyl alcohol photoionization mass spectra contain the molecular parent and several dissociative photoionization products. Similar results obtained for sinapyl alcohol are also discussed briefly. Ionization energies of 7.60 eV ? 0.05 eV for coniferyl alcohol and<7.4 eV for both sinapyl and dihydrosinapyl alcohols are determined. The positive ion SIMS spectrum of coniferyl alcohol shares few characteristic peaks (m/z = 137 and 151) with the TDMB mass spectra, shows extensive fragmentation, and does not exhibit clear molecular parent signals. VUV-SNMS spectra, on the other hand, are dominated by the parent ion and main fragments also present in the TDMB spectra. Molecular fragmentation in VUV-SNMS spectra can be reduced by increasing the extraction delay time. Some features resembling the SIMS spectra are also observed in the desorbed neutral products. The monolignol VUV-SNMS peaks shared with the TDMB mass spectra suggest that dissociative photoionization of ion-sputtered neutral molecules predominate in the VUV-SNMS mass spectra, despite the extra internal energy imparted in the initial ion impact. The potential applications of these results to imaging mass spectrometry of bio-molecules are discussed.

Takahashi, Lynelle K.; Zhou, Jia; Kostko, Oleg; Golan, Amir; Leone, Stephen R.; Ahmed, Musahid

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Chip-Scale Quadrupole Mass Filters for Portable Mass Spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of a new class of chip-scale quadrupole mass filter (QMF). The devices are completely batch fabricated using a wafer-scale process that integrates the quadrupole ...

Cheung, Kerry

484

Mass Transfer from Giant Donors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stability of mass transfer in binaries with convective giant donors remains an open question in modern astrophysics. There is a significant discrepancy between what the existing methods predict for a response to mass loss of the giant itself, as well as for the mass transfer rate during the Roche lobe overflow. Here we show that the recombination energy in the superadiabatic layer plays an important and hitherto unaccounted-for role in he donor's response to mass loss, in particular on its luminosity and effective temperature. Our improved optically thick nozzle method to calculate the mass transfer rate via $L_1$ allows us to evolve binary systems for a substantial Roche lobe overflow. We propose a new, strengthened criterion for the mass transfer instability, basing it on whether the donor experiences overflow through its outer Lagrangian point. We find that with the new criterion, if the donor has a well-developed outer convective envelope, the critical initial mass ratio for which a binary would evolv...

Pavlovskii, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Demonstration of the BioBaler harvesting system for collection of small-diameter woody biomass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a project to investigate sustainable forest management practices for producing wood chips on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) for the ORNL steam plant, the BioBaler was tested in various Oak Ridge locations in August of 2011. The purpose of these tests and the subsequent economic analysis was to determine the potential of this novel woody biomass harvesting method for collection of small-diameter, low value woody biomass. Results suggest that opportunities may exist for economical harvest of low-value and liability or negative-cost biomass. (e.g., invasives). This could provide the ORR and area land managers with a tool to produce feedstock while improving forest health, controlling problem vegetation, and generating local employment.

Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Caffrey, Kevin R [ORNL; Barnett, Elliott J [ORNL; Webb, Erin [ORNL; Brummette, Mark W [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Method of increasing anhydrosugars, pyroligneous fractions and esterified bio-oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The device and method are provided to increase anhydrosugars yield during pyrolysis of biomass. This increase is achieved by injection of a liquid or gas into the vapor stream of any pyrolysis reactor prior to the reactor condensers. A second feature of our technology is the utilization of sonication, microwave excitation, or shear mixing of the biomass to increase the acid catalyst rate for demineralization or removal of hemicellulose prior to pyrolysis. The increased reactivity of these treatments reduces reaction time as well as the required amount of catalyst to less than half of that otherwise required. A fractional condensation system employed by our pyrolysis reactor is another feature of our technology. This system condenses bio-oil pyrolysis vapors to various desired fractions by differential temperature manipulation of individual condensers comprising a condenser chain.

Steele, Philip H; Yu, Fei; Li, Qi; Mitchell, Brian

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

Multi-layer micro/nanofluid devices with bio-nanovalves  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A user-friendly multi-layer micro/nanofluidic flow device and micro/nano fabrication process are provided for numerous uses. The multi-layer micro/nanofluidic flow device can comprise: a substrate, such as indium tin oxide coated glass (ITO glass); a conductive layer of ferroelectric material, preferably comprising a PZT layer of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) positioned on the substrate; electrodes connected to the conductive layer; a nanofluidics layer positioned on the conductive layer and defining nanochannels; a microfluidics layer positioned upon the nanofluidics layer and defining microchannels; and biomolecular nanovalves providing bio-nanovalves which are moveable from a closed position to an open position to control fluid flow at a nanoscale.

Li, Hao; Ocola, Leonidas E.; Auciello, Orlando H.; Firestone, Millicent A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Bio-energy feedstock yields and their water quality benefits in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cellulosic and agricultural bio-energy crops can, under careful management, be harvested as feedstock for bio-fuels production and provide environmental benefits. However, it is required to quantify their relative advantages in feedstock production and water quality. The primary objective of this research was to evaluate potential feedstock yield and water quality benefit scenarios of bioenergy crops: Miscanthus (Miscanthus-giganteus), Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), Soybean {Glycine max (L.) Merr.}, and Corn (Lea mays) in the Upper Pearl River watershed (UPRW), Mississippi using a Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). The SWAT model was calibrated (January 1981 to December 1994) and validated (January 1995 to September 2008) using monthly measured stream flow data. The calibrated and validated model determined good to very good performance for stream flow prediction (R2 and E from 0.60 to 0.86). The RMSE values (from 14 m3 s-1 to 37 m3 s-1) were estimated at similar levels of errors during model calibration and validation. The long-term average annual potential feedstock yield as an alternative energy source was determined the greatest when growing Miscanthus grass (373,849 Mg) as followed by Alfalfa (206,077 Mg), Switchgrass (132,077 Mg), Johnsongrass (47,576 Mg), Soybean (37,814 Mg), and Corn (22,069 Mg) in the pastureland and cropland of the watershed. Model results determined that average annual sediment yield from the Miscanthus grass scenario determined the least (1.16 Mg/ha) and corn scenario the greatest (12.04 Mg/ha). The SWAT model simulated results suggested that growing Miscanthus grass in the UPRW would have the greatest potential feedstock yield and water quality benefits.

Parajuli, Prem B.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

489

In situ Microbial Community Control of the Stability of Bio-Reduced Uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In aerobic aquifers typical of many Department of Energy (DOE) legacy waste sites, uranium is present in the oxidized U(VI) form which is soluble and thus mobile compared to U(IV). Previous work at the Old Rifle Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) site demonstrated that biostimulation by acetate injection promoted growth of Geobacteraceae and stimulated the microbial reduction of U(VI) to less soluble U(IV) (1, 4). Despite the potential for oxidative dissolution of bio-reduced U(IV), field experiments at the Old Rifle site show that although the rate of U(VI) reduction decreases following the on-set of sulfate reduction, U(VI) reduction continues even following the cessation of acetate injection (1, 4). However, U(VI) reduction is reversible and the basis for the observed maintenance of U(VI) reduction post-stimulation is a critical but as yet unresolved issue for the application of biostimulation as a treatment technology. The continued U(VI) reduction and the maintenance of reduced U(IV) may result from many factors including U(VI) reduction by sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), generation of H2S or FeS0.9 which serves as an oxygen sink, or the preferential sorption of U(VI) by microbial cells or biopolymers. The overall goal of the project is to develop an understanding of the mechanisms for the maintenance of bio-reduced uranium in an aerobic aquifer under field conditions following the cessation of electron donor addition.

Long, Phillip E.; McKinley, James P.; White, David C.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Scaling analysis of bio-molecular dynamics derived from elastic incoherent neutron scattering experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerous neutron scattering studies of bio-molecular dynamics employ a qualitative analysis of elastic scattering data and atomic mean square displacements. We provide a new quantitative approach showing that the intensity at zero energy exchange can be a rich source of information of bio-structural fluctuations on a pico- to nano-second time scale. Elastic intensity scans performed either as a function of the temperature (back-scattering) and/or by varying the instrumental resolution (time of flight spectroscopy) yield the activation parameters of molecular motions and the approximate structural correlation function in the time domain. The two methods are unified by a scaling function, which depends on the ratio of correlation time and instrumental resolution time. The elastic scattering concept is illustrated with a dynamic characterization of alanine-dipeptide, protein hydration water, and water-coupled protein motions of lysozyme, per-deuterated c-phycocyanin (CPC) and hydrated myoglobin. The complete elastic scattering function versus temperature, momentum exchange, and instrumental resolution is analyzed instead of focusing on a single cross-over temperature of mean square displacements at the apparent onset temperature of an-harmonic motions. Our method predicts the protein dynamical transition (PDT) at T{sub d} from the collective (?) structural relaxation rates of the solvation shell as input. By contrast, the secondary (?) relaxation enhances the amplitude of fast local motions in the vicinity of the glass temperature T{sub g}. The PDT is specified by step function in the elastic intensity leading from elastic to viscoelastic dynamic behavior at a transition temperature T{sub d}.

Doster, W. [Physik-Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Physik-Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Nakagawa, H. [Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstraße 1, 85747 Garching (Germany) [Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstraße 1, 85747 Garching (Germany); Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Appavou, M. S. [Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstraße 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)] [Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstraße 1, 85747 Garching (Germany)

2013-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

491

Negative mass solitons in gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We first reconstruct the conserved (Abbott-Deser) charges in the spin-connection formalism of gravity for asymptotically (Anti)-de Sitter spaces, and then compute the masses of the AdS soliton and the recently found Eguchi-Hanson solitons in generic odd dimensions, unlike the previous result obtained for only five dimensions. These solutions have negative masses compared to the global AdS or AdS/Z{sub p} spacetimes. As a separate note, we also compute the masses of the recent even dimensional Taub-NUT-Reissner-Nordstroem metrics.

Cebeci, Hakan; Sarioglu, Oezguer; Tekin, Bayram [Anadolu University, Department of Physics, Yunus Emre Campus, 26470, Eskisehir (Turkey); Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

LHC Higgs boson mass combination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the Higgs boson mass is presented based on the combined data samples of the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the CERN LHC in the $H \\rightarrow \\gamma\\gamma$ and $H \\rightarrow ZZ\\rightarrow 4\\ell$ decay channels. The results are obtained from a simultaneous fit to the reconstructed invariant mass peaks in the two channels and for the two experiments. The measured masses from the individual channels and the two experiments are found to be consistent among themselves. The combined measured mass of the Higgs boson is $m_{H} = 125.09\\pm0.21\\,\\mathrm{(stat.)}\\pm0.11\\,\\mathrm{(syst.)}~\\mathrm{GeV}$.

Adye, Tim; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Mass Transfer by Stellar Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the process of mass transfer in a binary system through a stellar wind, with an emphasis on systems containing a red giant. I show how wind accretion in a binary system is different from the usually assumed Bondi-Hoyle approximation, first as far as the flow's structure is concerned, but most importantly, also for the mass accretion and specific angular momentum loss. This has important implications on the evolution of the orbital parameters. I also discuss the impact of wind accretion, on the chemical pollution and change in spin of the accreting star. The last section deals with observations and covers systems that most likely went through wind mass transfer: barium and related stars, symbiotic stars and central stars of planetary nebulae (CSPN). The most recent observations of cool CSPN progenitors of barium stars, as well as of carbon-rich post-common envelope systems, are providing unique constraints on the mass transfer processes.

Boffin, Henri M J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Mass-sensitive chemical preconcentrator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated mass-sensitive chemical preconcentrator actively measures the mass of a sample on an acoustic microbalance during the collection process. The microbalance comprises a chemically sensitive interface for collecting the sample thereon and an acoustic-based physical transducer that provides an electrical output that is proportional to the mass of the collected sample. The acoustic microbalance preferably comprises a pivot plate resonator. A resistive heating element can be disposed on the chemically sensitive interface to rapidly heat and release the collected sample for further analysis. Therefore, the mass-sensitive chemical preconcentrator can optimize the sample collection time prior to release to enable the rapid and accurate analysis of analytes by a microanalytical system.

Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Adkins, Douglas R. (Albuquerque, NM); Lewis, Patrick R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

495

Coulomb Resummation and Monopole Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relativistic Coulomb resummation factor suggested by I.L. Solovtsov is used to reanalyze the mass limits obtained for magnetic monopoles which might have been produced at the Fermilab Tevatron. The limits given by the Oklahoma experiment (Fermilab E882) are pushed close to the unitary bounds, so that the lower limits on monopole masses are increased from around 250 GeV to about 400 GeV.

K. A. Milton

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

496

Mass matrices and their renormalization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtain explicitly the renormalization group equations for the quark mass matrices in terms of a set of rephasing invariant parameters. For a range of assumed high energy values for the mass ratios and mixing parameters, they are found to evolve rapidly and develop hierarchies as the energy scale decreases. To achieve the experimentally observed high degree of hierarchy, however, the introduction of new models with specific properties becomes necessary.

Chiu, S.-H.; Kuo, T. K.; Lee, T.-H.; Xiong Chi [Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan TAIWAN (China); Purdue University, Department of Physics, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906 (United States); Purdue University, Department of Physics, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906 (United States); University of Virginia, Department of Physics, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4714 (United States)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

arXiv:0810.3042v1[physics.bio-ph]16Oct2008 Single-domain protein folding: a multi-faceted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:0810.3042v1[physics.bio-ph]16Oct2008 Single-domain protein folding: a multi-faceted problem protein-like models can help to understand many controversial issues. Keywords: Protein folding, energy

Ritort, Felix

498

Consistent quantification of climate impacts due to biogenic carbon storage across a range of bio-product systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temporary and permanent carbon storage from biogenic sources is seen as a way to mitigate climate change. The aim of this work is to illustrate the need to harmonize the quantification of such mitigation across all possible storage pools in the bio- and anthroposphere. We investigate nine alternative storage cases and a wide array of bio-resource pools: from annual crops, short rotation woody crops, medium rotation temperate forests, and long rotation boreal forests. For each feedstock type and biogenic carbon storage pool, we quantify the carbon cycle climate impact due to the skewed time distribution between emission and sequestration fluxes in the bio- and anthroposphere. Additional consideration of the climate impact from albedo changes in forests is also illustrated for the boreal forest case. When characterizing climate impact with global warming potentials (GWP), we find a large variance in results which is attributed to different combinations of biomass storage and feedstock systems. The storage of biogenic carbon in any storage pool does not always confer climate benefits: even when biogenic carbon is stored long-term in durable product pools, the climate outcome may still be undesirable when the carbon is sourced from slow-growing biomass feedstock. For example, when biogenic carbon from Norway Spruce from Norway is stored in furniture with a mean life time of 43 years, a climate change impact of 0.08 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year time horizon (TH)) would result. It was also found that when biogenic carbon is stored in a pool with negligible leakage to the atmosphere, the resulting GWP factor is not necessarily ? 1 CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored. As an example, when biogenic CO{sub 2} from Norway Spruce biomass is stored in geological reservoirs with no leakage, we estimate a GWP of ? 0.56 kg CO{sub 2}eq per kg CO{sub 2} stored (100 year TH) when albedo effects are also included. The large variance in GWPs across the range of resource and carbon storage options considered indicates that more accurate accounting will require case-specific factors derived following the methodological guidelines provided in this and recent manuscripts. -- Highlights: • Climate impacts of stored biogenic carbon (bio-C) are consistently quantified. • Temporary storage of bio-C does not always equate to a climate cooling impact. • 1 unit of bio-C stored over a time horizon does not always equate to ? 1 unit CO{sub 2}eq. • Discrepancies of climate change impact quantification in literature are clarified.

Guest, Geoffrey, E-mail: geoffrey.guest@ntnu.no; Bright, Ryan M., E-mail: ryan.m.bright@ntnu.no; Cherubini, Francesco, E-mail: francesco.cherubini@ntnu.no; Strřmman, Anders H., E-mail: anders.hammer.stromman@ntnu.no

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Methods for recalibration of mass spectrometry data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are methods for recalibrating mass spectrometry data that provide improvement in both mass accuracy and precision by adjusting for experimental variance in parameters that have a substantial impact on mass measurement accuracy. Optimal coefficients are determined using correlated pairs of mass values compiled by matching sets of measured and putative mass values that minimize overall effective mass error and mass error spread. Coefficients are subsequently used to correct mass values for peaks detected in the measured dataset, providing recalibration thereof. Sub-ppm mass measurement accuracy has been demonstrated on a complex fungal proteome after recalibration, providing improved confidence for peptide identifications.

Tolmachev, Aleksey V. (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

500

Results of the IEA Round Robin on Viscosity and Aging of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oils: Long-Term Tests and Repeatability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An international round robin study of the viscosity and aging of fast pyrolysis bio-oil has been undertaken recently and this work is an outgrowth from that effort. Two bio-oil samples were distributed to the laboratories for aging tests and extended viscosity studies. The accelerated aging test was defined as the change in viscosity of a sealed sample of bio-oil held for 24 h at 80 °C. The test was repeated 10 times over consecutive days to determine the repeatability of the method. Other bio-oil samples were placed in storage at three temperatures, 21 °C, 4 °C and -17 °C for a period up to a year to evaluate the change in viscosity. The variation in the results of the aging test was shown to be low within a given laboratory. Storage of bio-oil under refrigeration can minimize the amount of change in viscosity. The accelerated aging test gives a measure of change similar to that of 6-12 months of storage at room temperature. These results can be helpful in setting standards for use of bio-oil, which is just coming into the marketplace.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Oasmaa, Anja; Meier, Dietrich; Preto, Fernando; Bridgwater, Anthony V.

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z