Sample records for bill harmon reliant

  1. Reliant Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd JumpReliant Energy

  2. Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd JumpReliant Energy RetailReliant

  3. Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd JumpReliant Energy Retail

  4. Bill Maurer Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    proceedings 2013 `When perhaps the real problem is money itself!' The practical materiality of Bitcoin. Bill

  5. Net Energy Billing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing...

  6. STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  7. Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely reliant on wood chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely's biomass energy sector could be undermined unless businesses move to resolve the supply chain issues-scale biomass plants will leave generators largely reliant on biomass from overseas such as wood chips, elephant

  8. Operating Reserves: Billing Implementation Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    D M I N I S T R A T I O N 2 Overview Explain the billing delay in implementing new WECC OR standards Customer outreach New project schedule Review new OR billing...

  9. Rhonda Whiting Bill Bradbury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUBJECT: Update on Bonneville Power Administration's fish and wildlife budget and project management between planning, contracting, and actual spending, BPA contracts 10-15% more than the budget to maximize practices Lorri Bodi and Bill Maslen, Bonneville Power Administration, will discuss the recent budget

  10. Cut Your Power Bills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, R. W.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in lohich it was not at all obvious. If fuel and power factor adjustments are included, the equation becomes: M = $1650 + $3.948 BD + $0.20 rkVA + E ($0.0054 + FCA) The monthly bill is further increased, by 1%, unless the customer is served at 132 kV... and the National Energy Program, has mandated that states consider lifeline and marginal cost based rates. 3. Energy charges are based on those expenses that tend to vary with rate of electricity production such as fuel, operating labor and maintenance. Because...

  11. Final Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement Background...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 17, 2014 Page 1 Final Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement Background and Need: This Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement describes how Bonneville Power...

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: 2005 Presidential Visit / Bill...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2005 Presidential Visit Bill Signing ATLAS II Data Acquisition System SandiaKAFB Wind Farm 2005 Presidential Visit Bill Signing On May 18, 2011, in Energy, News, Renewable...

  13. NOx emissions retrofit at Reliant Energy, W.A. Parish Generating Station, Unit 7: Achieving 0.15 lb/MBtu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gessner, T.M.; Hoh, R.H.; Ray, B.; Dorazio, T.; Jennings, P.; Sikorski, K.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The current Clean Air Act (CAA), Title 1 regulations require States to develop implementation plans (SIPs) which address NO{sub x} emissions as part of the ozone non-attainment requirements. The EPA has recommended NO{sub x} limits of 0.15 lb/MBtu for utility boilers. In this paper, Reliant Energy and ABB C-E Services, Inc. will discuss a project where 0.15 lb NO{sub x}/MBtu can be achieved with the TFS 2000{trademark} R firing system and highly reactive Powder River Basin (PRB) fuels. Reliant Energy will retrofit their W.A. Parish Unit 7 with this system in the first quarter of 1999. This is part of Reliant Energy's drive to lower NO{sub x} emissions and meet future air quality requirements at the W.Q. Parish station.

  14. Florida Residents See Energy Bill Reductions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indiantown nonprofit's home weatherization efforts help homeowners see drastic cuts in their energy bills.

  15. Bill Reis Named Vice President, Public & Governmental Affairs...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bill Reis Named Vice ... Bill Reis Named Vice President, Public & Governmental Affairs Posted: October 30, 2013 - 10:15am Bill Reis, Vice President, Public & Governmental Affairs...

  16. Bill and Karen Vogler Oral History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogler, Bill; Vogler, Karen; Roane, Jordan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oral history interview of Bill and Karen Vogler conducted by Jordan Roane on November 14, 2014 in Lawrence, Kansas. Bill is the pastor of Grace Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Lawrence, Kansas. He began pastoring the ...

  17. Building 9213s earliest history ? Bill Sergeant

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    experiences," he often adds valuable content to the history. Such is the case with Building 9213. First, let's look at a bit of background on Bill's career. Bill says, "In my...

  18. Bill Scanlon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13, 2009OakDepartmentBill McMillan - ORNL PortfolioBill

  19. Harmonic engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A high efficiency harmonic engine based on a resonantly reciprocating piston expander that extracts work from heat and pressurizes working fluid in a reciprocating piston compressor. The engine preferably includes harmonic oscillator valves capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into and out of the expander, and also preferably includes a shunt line connecting an expansion chamber of the expander to a buffer chamber of the expander for minimizing pressure variations in the fluidic circuit of the engine. The engine is especially designed to operate with very high temperature input to the expander and very low temperature input to the compressor, to produce very high thermal conversion efficiency.

  20. Harmonic engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Charles L.; Sewall, Noel; Boroa, Carl

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An engine based on a reciprocating piston engine that extracts work from pressurized working fluid. The engine includes a harmonic oscillator inlet valve capable of oscillating at a resonant frequency for controlling the flow of working fluid into of the engine. In particular, the inlet valve includes an inlet valve head and a spring arranged together as a harmonic oscillator so that the inlet valve head is moveable from an unbiased equilibrium position to a biased closed position occluding an inlet. Upon releasing the inlet valve the inlet valve head undergoes a single oscillation past the equilibrium positio to a maximum open position and returns to a biased return position close to the closed position to choke the flow and produce a pressure drop across the inlet valve causing the inlet valve to close. Protrusions carried either by the inlet valve head or piston head are used to bump open the inlet valve from the closed position and initiate the single oscillation of the inlet valve head, and protrusions carried either by the outlet valve head or piston head are used to close the outlet valve ahead of the bump opening of the inlet valve.

  1. MEASURING ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH UTILITY BILLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deckel, Walter

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community CollegeLBL-7836, May 1978, Energy Conservation on Campus", FEA/D-Journal MEASURING ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH UTILITY BILLS

  2. Assembly Bill No. 1881 CHAPTER 559

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    projects, condominium projects, planned developments, and stock cooperatives. This bill would provide or more public hearings, to take specified action to reduce the wasteful, uneconomic, inefficient

  3. Bill Valdez | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand Sustained CoordinationWater10BigBill Valdez About

  4. Bill Gibbons | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian NuclearandJune 17,Agenda AgendaDepartment ofBenVice-President Joe2014Bill

  5. Berkeley Lab's Bill Collins talks about Modeling the Changing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Berkeley Lab's Bill Collins talks about Modeling the Changing Earth System: Prospects and Challenges. From the 2014 NERSC User's Group Meeting Berkeley Lab's Bill Collins talks...

  6. STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP). G5d STEP Utility Bill Analysis Report.pdf More Documents &...

  7. Clinical Research Billing University of Maryland Baltimore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Clinical Research Billing Compliance University of Maryland Baltimore Office of Research & Development Center for Clinical Trials #12;Objectives The Objectives of this Training are to: · Increase your understanding of the regulatory and financial issues associated with clinical research billing · Discuss key

  8. Assembly Bill No. 109 CHAPTER 313

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not apply to renewable diesel or biodiesel infrastructures, fueling stations, and equipment used solely for renewable diesel or biodiesel fuel. The bill would, additionally, specify projects eligible for funding

  9. A new harmonic analyzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchamran-Savehi, Abbas

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for their help and suggestions. Special thanks are extended to Professor R. P. Ward for his tieely advice during the course of the present wor'k. CONTENTS Preface Page PART I. ? GENERAL Introduction Graphical Nethod The Problem History of Harmonic... Analysers Nathematical Aspects of Harmonic Analysers PART II. ? A NEW ELECTRO-Ng CHANICAL HARNONIC ANALYZER Sumsmry Description of the New Harmonic Analyser Introducing the Harmonics Dismnsions of a Complex Wave Electrical Integrator 14 16 20 22...

  10. Harmonization of Biodiesel Specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alleman, T. L.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Worldwide biodiesel production has grown dramatically over the last several years. Biodiesel standards vary across countries and regions, and there is a call for harmonization. For harmonization to become a reality, standards have to be adapted to cover all feedstocks. Additionally, all feedstocks cannot meet all specifications, so harmonization will require standards to either tighten or relax. For harmonization to succeed, the biodiesel market must be expanded with the alignment of test methods and specification limits, not contracted.

  11. QER- Comment of Bill Sackett

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Quadrennial Energy Review: The health of the people of our nation is a major vulnerability that must be addressed in any energy policy. Pollution produced by generating energy impacts our overall health. To encourage healthful sources of energy we have to make sure that the true costs of energy are paid up front. This means not allowing energy development that produces dangerous pollutants. Coal burning causes asthma and mercury poisoning and contributes to climate change that is not priced into energy generated by coal. Allowing liability exemptions to energy producers hides true costs. Nuclear power producers must be accountable for any radiation sickness that resulting from their operations. Fracking must not be exempted from safe drinking water regulations. Even more significant for oil and gas production, hazardous wastes (including methane) generated by exploration and production must be regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). (Pertinent to this, please enter into the Quadrennial Energy Review proceedings the attached first three pages of an article about RCRA. The full article can be found at http://npaper-wehaa.com/boulder-weekly/2014/03/13/?article=2174620.) Removing exemptions like these will allow clean forms of energy to predominate to the overall benefit of us all. Let us not be guilty of the moral cowardice of business as usual that will cause tremendous problems for future generations. Thank you, Bill Sackett

  12. Color Matching for PlasticsColor Matching for Plastics Bill CheethamBill Cheetham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Ian

    1 Color Matching for PlasticsColor Matching for Plastics Bill CheethamBill Cheetham GeneralIndustrial Systems Information ServicesInformation Services Medical SystemsMedical Systems PlasticsPlastics Power Electric Global Research Applications ­ GE Plastics · FormTool - lab color matching tool · Color

  13. High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail High Water Heating Bills on Lockdown at Idaho Jail August 19, 2010 - 12:05pm Addthis The Blaine County Public Safety Facility...

  14. President Obama Signs Two Bills to Boost Small Hydropower Projects...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    President Obama on August 9 signed into law two bills aimed at boosting development of small U.S. hydropower projects. The bills, H.R. 267, the Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency...

  15. ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott September...

  16. Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar Baltimore Vet Cuts Energy Bills With Solar October 28, 2010 - 5:09pm Addthis Baltimore resident Paul Bennett installed 14 solar panels...

  17. harmonic analysis and geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty listing for "harmonic analysis and geometry". vCard of Nicola Garofalo Garofalo, Nicola [bio] [homepage] Adjunct Professor of Mathematics

  18. On Bill Financing: SDG&E/SoCalGas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about On-Bill Financing used by Southern California Gas Company and the different options the program offers.

  19. Differentially Private Billing with Rebates George Danezis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    apply fine-grained tariffs dependent on time-of-use or place of-use to readings to compute a bill. We such billing consists of providers collecting all usage information in order to apply the appropriate tariffs readings with a tariff policy to produce a certified bill that leaks no additional informa- tion about

  20. Electrodynamic spherical harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrey Novitsky

    2008-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrodynamic spherical harmonic is a second rank tensor in three-dimensional space. It allows to separate the radial and angle variables in vector solutions of Maxwell's equations. Using the orthonormalization for electrodynamic spherical harmonic, a boundary problem on a sphere can be easily solved.

  1. Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing Comstock Hall-East 210 Delaware St. SE Minneapolis, MN 55455-0307 612-624-2994 Housing Application-Contract This application-contract is a Legally Binding Document. I am responsible for knowing all the information contained in the online Housing

  2. Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing Comstock Hall-East 210 Delaware St. SE Minneapolis, MN 55455-0307 612-624-2994 Housing Guarantee Payment Extension Agreement This agreement is a Legally Binding Document. I am requesting my $200 Housing Guarantee Payment due date be extended

  3. Senate Bill No. 107 CHAPTER 464

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % of the total electricity generated for consumption in California per year by 2006. This bill would revise Program, to increase the amount of renewable electricity generated per year, so that it equals at least 17 and recast that intent language so that the amount of electricity generated per year from eligible renewable

  4. Assembly Bill No. 1632 CHAPTER 722

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , as specified, in reporting on electricity and natural gas markets. This bill would require the commission the commission, in its report, to consider electricity and natural gas forecasting and assessment activities;electricity and natural gas under current market structures and expected market conditions. (2) Forecasts

  5. Utility Building Analysis Billing Period: NOV -2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    ELECTRICITY Consumption MUNICIPAL WATER Consumption 8 CCF STEAM Consumption CHILLED WATER Consumption GAS Building Analysis Billing Period: NOV - 2013 032 JACKSON HALL: 150,393 Square Feet ELECTRICITY Consumption,550 Square Feet ELECTRICITY Consumption 114,185 KWHRS MUNICIPAL WATER Consumption 1,423 CCF STEAM Consumption

  6. AEM/S ... Stepping Stone Bill Solitario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AEM/S ... Stepping Stone To Stealth Bill Solitario Professor Systems Engineering September 04, 2003/SENSOR AEM/S #12;TAILORED MATERIAL SYSTEMS #12;Manufacturing Process Seemann Composite Resin Infusion Molding Laminate ­ High Fiber to Resin Volume Ratio = High Strength to Weight CORE MATERIAL DRY FABRIC PEEL PLY

  7. Krannert Energy Club BillBivinsis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Krannert Energy Club BillBivinsis anexpertin technology, energyand operations withmore than20 technically and economically. ·The technology integration provides for simultaneous production of natural gas, ethanol, biodiesel, and electricity virtually anywhere in the world. ·The economic integration, its design

  8. Assembly Bill No. 1613 CHAPTER 713

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Secretary of State October 14, 2007.] legislative counsel's digest AB 1613, Blakeslee. Energy: Waste Heat, forecasts of future supplies and consumption of all forms of energy. This bill would enact the Waste Heat advance the efficiency of the state's use of natural gas by capturing unused waste heat, (B) to reduce

  9. On harmonic binomial series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark W. Coffey

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluate binomial series with harmonic number coefficients, providing recursion relations, integral representations, and several examples. The results are of interest to analytic number theory, the analysis of algorithms, and calculations of theoretical physics, as well as other applications.

  10. Alternatives for reducing hot-water bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennington, G.E.; Spewak, P.C.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two stage approach to reducing residential water heating bills is described. In Stage I, simple conservation measures were included to reduce the daily hot water energy consumption and the energy losses from the water tank. Once these savings are achieved, Stage II considers more costly options for further reducing the water heating bill. Four alternatives are considered in Stage II: gas water heaters; solar water heaters (two types); heat pump water heaters; and heat recovery from a heat pump or air conditioner. To account for variations within the MASEC region, information on water heating in Rapid City, Minneapolis, Chicago, Detroit, and Kansas City is presented in detail. Information on geography, major population centers, fuel prices, climate, and state solar incentives is covered. (MCW)

  11. Lessons from On-Bill Financing and Repayment Programs | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and repayment programs. Presentation and Discussion Summary More Documents & Publications Case Studies-Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills Aggressive Underwriting and...

  12. Billing Factors for Operating Reserves September 30, 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are effective on October 1, 2014. This implements the FERC approved standard BAL-002-WECC-2. Operating Reserve - Spinning Reserve: The Billing Factor for the rates specified in...

  13. Bill Wilcox, part 3 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Bill Wilcox, part 3 Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  14. Bill Wilcox, part 2 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Bill Wilcox, part 2 Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  15. Bill Wilcox, part 1 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Bill Wilcox, part 1 Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake Case...

  16. Analysis of Assembly Bill 154: Mental Health Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bill 154:Mental Health Services. Report to California Statehealth specialty care. Health Services Research. 2004;39:mental health care needs? Health Services Research. 2007;42:

  17. Optical harmonic generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Summers, Mark A. (Livermore, CA); Eimerl, David (Pleasanton, CA); Boyd, Robert D. (Livermore, CA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The "extraordinary" or "e" directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90.degree.). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude "o" and "e" components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has "o" and "e" components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 ("o":"e" reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10.degree.. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axes ("o").

  18. Optical harmonic generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Summers, M.A.; Eimerl, D.; Boyd, R.D.

    1982-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of uniaxial birefringent crystal elements are fixed together to form a serially arranged, integral assembly which, alternatively, provides either a linearly or elliptically polarized second-harmonic output wave or a linearly polarized third-harmonic output wave. The extraordinary or e directions of the crystal elements are oriented in the integral assembly to be in quadrature (90/sup 0/). For a second-harmonic generation in the Type-II-Type-II angle tuned case, the input fundamental wave has equal amplitude o and e components. For a third-harmonic generation, the input fundamental wave has o and e components whose amplitudes are in a ratio of 2:1 (o:e reference first crystal). In the typical case of a linearly polarized input fundamental wave this can be accomplished by simply rotating the crystal assembly about the input beam direction by 10/sup 0/. For both second and third harmonic generation input precise phase-matching is achieved by tilting the crystal assembly about its two sensitive axeses (o).

  19. Harmonic functions on Walsh's Brownian motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jehring, Kristin Elizabeth

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chapter 3 Harmonic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1Markov Chains 4.3.2 Harmonic Functions for the Embedded

  20. Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantum number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL- 57239 Harmonic resolution as a holographic quantumhep-th/0310223 UCB-PTH-03/26 Harmonic resolution as aquantum number, the harmonic resolution K. The Bekenstein

  1. Cost Avoidance vs. Utility Bill Accounting - Explaining the Discrepancy Between Guaranteed Savings in ESPC Projects and Utility Bills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, S.; Sartor, D.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guaranteed Savings in ESPC Projects and Utility Bills Satishcommon when implementing an ESPC project. But is this a fairimplementation? In fact, ESPC contracts employ measurement

  2. Telemetering system supports load curtailment and billing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabry, R. (Potomac Electric Power Co., Washington, DC (United States)); Biagini, D. (Landis and Gyr Systems, Inc., San Jose, CA (United States))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the greatest challenges facing electric utilities today is satisfying increasing peak demand without adding new generating capacity. Supporting utilities in this quest are state-of-the-art computer systems designed to accommodate complex load management as well as billing and load survey programs. The Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) is utilizing such computer technology along with an innovative organizational approach to implement a comprehensive energy plan for its customers. The plan is enabling the utility to meet the growing demand placed on its power system by intensive expansion in the greater Washington DC area.

  3. Bill McMillan | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13, 2009OakDepartmentBill McMillan - ORNL Portfolio

  4. Bill Allcock | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplexMaterial Science | StanfordBiddingBigBikeBill

  5. What Will the 2014 Farm Bill Mean for Midwest Agriculture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (6%). All other programs such as trade, credit, rural development and Extension and research a misnomer since the majority of the spending is not directed toward production agriculture. The long bill outlays. The 2008 farm bill was projected to have about seventy percent of spending dedicated

  6. UNO Student Health Services Patient's Bill of Rights and Responsibilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    health care program. UNO Student Health Services Human Performance Center Rm. 109 (504) 280-6387 wwwUNO Student Health Services Patient's Bill of Rights and Responsibilities Patient's Bill of Rights to the Health Service regarding its operations and the right to change caregivers for any reason. #12;Patient

  7. Comparison Groups on Bills: Automated, Personalized Energy Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    individualized energy information for a mass audience-the entire residential customer base of an electric or gas or gas utility. Keywords: Innovative billing, energy feedback, energy efficiency Running head: ComparisonComparison Groups on Bills: Automated, Personalized Energy Information Maithili Iyer Lawrence

  8. Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botti, Silvana

    Second Harmonic Generation From Surfaces Nicolas Tancogne-Dejean, Valérie Véniard Condensed Matter/DSM European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility #12;2 Outline Nonlinear optic and second harmonic generation;4 Second harmonic generation First nonlinear term Centrosymmetric material : (2) = 0 (3)First nonlinear

  9. Analytic Continuation of Harmonic Sums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Albino

    2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a method for calculating any (nested) harmonic sum to arbitrary accuracy for all complex values of the argument. The method utilizes the relation between harmonic sums and (derivatives of) Hurwitz zeta functions, which allows a harmonic sum to be calculated as an expansion valid for large values of its argument. A program for implementing this method is also provided.

  10. spherical harmonics for l

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Michael, J. Robert; Volkov, Anatoliy

    2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The widely used pseudoatom formalism [Stewart (1976). Acta Cryst. A32, 565–574; Hansen & Coppens (1978). Acta Cryst. A34, 909–921] in experimental X-ray charge-density studies makes use of real spherical harmonics when describing the angular component of aspherical deformations of the atomic electron density in molecules and crystals. The analytical form of the densitynormalized Cartesian spherical harmonic functions for up to l 7 and the corresponding normalization coefficients were reported previously by Paturle & Coppens [Acta Cryst. (1988), A44, 6–7]. It was shown that the analytical form for normalization coefficients is available primarily for l 4 [Hansen & Coppens, 1978; Paturlemore »& Coppens, 1988; Coppens (1992). International Tables for Crystallography, Vol. B, Reciprocal space, 1st ed., edited by U. Shmueli, ch. 1.2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; Coppens (1997). X-ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding. New York: Oxford University Press]. Only in very special cases it is possible to derive an analytical representation of the normalization coefficients for 4 4 the density normalization coefficients were calculated numerically to within seven significant figures. In this study we review the literature on the density-normalized spherical harmonics, clarify the existing notations, use the Paturle–Coppens (Paturle & Coppens, 1988) method in the Wolfram Mathematica software to derive the Cartesian spherical harmonics for l 20 and determine the density normalization coefficients to 35 significant figures, and computer-generate a Fortran90 code. The article primarily targets researchers who work in the field of experimental X-ray electron density, but may be of some use to all who are interested in Cartesian spherical harmonics.« less

  11. Upton bill offers clean-up incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, B. [Weinberg & Green, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Like castor oil, the Superfund law can be difficult medicine to swallow, and no one wants to volunteer for a dose. Indeed, the law`s harsh and unbending liability scheme sometimes hinders the cleanup of contaminated property. Confronted with the choice of redeveloping an old {open_quotes}brownfield{close_quotes} urban industrial site or building at a pristine new {open_quotes}greenfield{close_quotes} location, most companies opt for the latter. The brownfield problem is especially troubling because the law often prevents voluntary cleanups at relatively low priority sites that usually don`t get caught up in the Superfund program. This paper describes the Upton Bill which would require the US EPA to establish cleanup standards for hazrdous substances, allow for public comment on a proposed response plan, and require a voluntary party to submit detailed annual reports and maintain records.

  12. The 2008 Farm Bill What's In It For Specialty Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Promote diversification of rural areas through biobased energy ­ Enhance efficiency of bioenergy Show 21st Century Challenges, The Farm Bill, and Purdue Agriculture Sonny Ramaswamy ·Grand challenges. · Agricultural Competitiveness ­ Improving crop and animal agriculture; enhancing farm productivity and income

  13. Some Y-12 stories captured by Bill Wilcox

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Y-12 stories captured by Bill Wilcox One of the reference books I keep open on my desk is An Overview of the History of Y-12, 1942-1992- A Chronology of Some Noteworthy Events and...

  14. Product-level bill of material development process : managing complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, Ryan John

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cisco's current process for developing and maintaining product-level bills of materials (BOMs) has resulted in inconsistencies in BOM structure leading to product launch delays, increased product support costs, and lower ...

  15. On the harmonic map equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. C. Tiwari

    2007-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A generalized harmonic map equation is presented based on the proposed action functional in the Weyl space (PLA, 135, 315, 1989).

  16. Harmonic Wavelet Transform and Image Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhihua; Saito, Naoki

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOI 10.1007/s10851-010-0202-x Harmonic Wavelet Transform andwe approximate f by a harmonic function u such that thebanks. We call this the Harmonic Wavelet Transform (HWT).

  17. On The Harmonic Oscillator Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raquel M. Lopez; Sergei K. Suslov; Jose M. Vega-Guzman

    2011-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the maximum kinematical invariance group of the quantum harmonic oscillator from a view point of the Ermakov-type system. A six parameter family of the square integrable oscillator wave functions, which seems cannot be obtained by the standard separation of variables, is presented as an example. The invariance group of generalized driven harmonic oscillator is shown to be isomorphic to the corresponding Schroedinger group of the free particle.

  18. Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stupakov, Gennady; /SLAC

    2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently proposed concept of the Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) FEL uses two laser modulators in combination with two dispersion sections to generate a high-harmonic density modulation in a relativistic beam. This seeding technique holds promise of a one-stage soft x-ray FEL that radiates not only transversely but also longitudinally coherent pulses. Currently, an experimental verification of the concept is being conducted at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory aimed at the demonstration of the EEHG.

  19. Engaging Small Business: Energy Efficiency and On-Bill Financing for Small Businesses Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Engaging Small Business: Energy Efficiency and On-Bill Financing for Small Businesses Webinar, from May 2011.

  20. Bill Shafarman 1 May 15, 2013 Thin Film Photovoltaics Research at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Bill Shafarman 1 May 15, 2013 Thin Film Photovoltaics Research at the Institute of Energy of Photovoltaics 2. IEC: History and Capabilities 3. Current Research at IEC #12;Bill Shafarman 2 May 15, 2013 Concentrators #12;Bill Shafarman 5 May 15, 2013 Thin Film Photovoltaics Potential for low cost PV using " a

  1. Differentially Private Billing with Rebates George Danezis 1 , Markulf Kohlweiss 1 , and Alfredo Rial 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    apply fine­grained tariffs dependent on time­of­use or place of­use to readings to compute a bill. We such billing consists of providers collecting all usage information in order to apply the appropriate tariffs readings with a tariff policy to produce a certified bill that leaks no additional informa­ tion about

  2. Case Studies—Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by Technical Assistance Program (TAP), the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Electricity Market and Policy Group, this webinar was the second of a two-part webinar series focused on the new report, Financing Energy Improvements on Utility Bills: Market Updates and Key Program Design Considerations for Policymakers and Administrators.

  3. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  4. Two Years Later: Bill Picciano of DOE's Savannah River Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    We checked back in with Bill Picciano, who we last spoke to in October 2009 after he'd recently been hired at the Savannah River Site (SRS) through the Recovery Act. Now he's permanently employed at the Site as an Associate Engineer/Technical Support Specialist - a job he's proud to have.

  5. ILU 2.0beta1 Reference Manual Bill Janssen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janssen, Bill

    ILU 2.0beta1 Reference Manual Bill Janssen parc.xerox.com> Mike Spreitzer parc@xerox.com> Dan Larner parc@xerox.com> Chris Jacobi parc@xerox.com> (with contributions from Doug-Language Unification (ILU) system. Lots of people contributed significant amounts of code to the ILU system, including

  6. APD IV, 22-25 April 2013, NIST Bill David,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    APD IV, 22-25 April 2013, NIST Bill David, ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK, 22-25 April 2013, NIST , but... RAL: Diamond & ISIS ISIS TSII Oxford Chemistry Oxford #12;APD IV, 22-ray diffractometer CMS @ CERN CMS @ CERN (II) WISH detectors PILATUS ISIS electronics PILATUS electronics #12;APD IV

  7. bottle,bill,food OrangeWalkN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    Room3 *** bottle,bill,food basket AlleyOne AlleyOneN ComputerRm ClosedDoor sign,slot Breezeway Hallway6 StorageRm guard[1],glass SteamTun1 SteamTun2 dark SteamTun3 SteamTun4 SteamTun5 SteamTun6 unit[2

  8. Harmonic distortion correction in pipelined analog to digital converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panigada, Andrea

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedBackground Correction of Harmonic Distortion in PipelinedADC with 69dB SNDR Enabled by Digital Harmonic Distortion

  9. UV Second-Harmonic Studies of Concentrated Aqueous Electrolyte Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otten, Dale Edward

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Probed by UV Second Harmonic Generation, in Department ofby UV Second Harmonic Generation Spectroscopy," 114, 13746with Femtosecond Second Harmonic Generation Spectroscopy,"

  10. Reliant Bluebonnet Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)

  11. Reliant Conroe Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)Coastal Plains BiomassConroe

  12. Harmonic algebraic curves and noncrossing partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeremy L.; Savitt, David; Singer, Ted

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by Gauss’s first proof of the fundamental Theorem of Algebra, we study the topology of harmonic algebraic curves. By the maximum principle, a harmonic curve has no bounded components; its topology is determined by the combinatorial data...

  13. Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganeev, R. A.; Kulagin, I. A. [Akadempribor Scientific Association, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent 700125 (Uzbekistan); Singhal, H.; Naik, P. A.; Arora, V.; Chakravarty, U.; Chakera, J. A.; Khan, R. A.; Raghuramaiah, M.; Gupta, P. D. [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452013 (India); Redkin, P. V. [Samarkand State University, Samarkand 703004 (Uzbekistan)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study of high-order harmonic generation in In, InSb, InP, and InGaP plasmas using femtosecond laser radiation with variable chirp is presented. Intensity enhancement of the 13th and 21st harmonics compared to the neighboring harmonics by a factor of 200 and 10, respectively, is observed. It is shown that the harmonic spectrum from indium-containing plasma plumes can be considerably modified by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse.

  14. Reduced Harmonic Representation of Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present article the reduced integral representation of partitions in terms of harmonic products has been derived first by using hypergeometry and the new concept of fractional sum and secondly by studying the Fourier series of the kernel function appearing in the integral representation. Using the method of induction, a generalization of the theory has also been obtained.

  15. The Quantum Harmonic Oscillator C. David Sherrill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    The Quantum Harmonic Oscillator C. David Sherrill School of Chemistry and Biochemistry Georgia Institute of Technology February 2002 1 Introduction The harmonic oscillator is extremely useful by coupled harmonic oscillators. The atoms are viewed as point masses which are connected by bonds which act

  16. spherical harmonics for l < 20

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Michael, J. Robert [Middle Tennessee State University; Volkov, Anatoliy [Middle Tennessee State University

    2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The widely used pseudoatom formalism [Stewart (1976). Acta Cryst. A32, 565–574; Hansen & Coppens (1978). Acta Cryst. A34, 909–921] in experimental X-ray charge-density studies makes use of real spherical harmonics when describing the angular component of aspherical deformations of the atomic electron density in molecules and crystals. The analytical form of the densitynormalized Cartesian spherical harmonic functions for up to l 7 and the corresponding normalization coefficients were reported previously by Paturle & Coppens [Acta Cryst. (1988), A44, 6–7]. It was shown that the analytical form for normalization coefficients is available primarily for l 4 [Hansen & Coppens, 1978; Paturle & Coppens, 1988; Coppens (1992). International Tables for Crystallography, Vol. B, Reciprocal space, 1st ed., edited by U. Shmueli, ch. 1.2. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; Coppens (1997). X-ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding. New York: Oxford University Press]. Only in very special cases it is possible to derive an analytical representation of the normalization coefficients for 4 4 the density normalization coefficients were calculated numerically to within seven significant figures. In this study we review the literature on the density-normalized spherical harmonics, clarify the existing notations, use the Paturle–Coppens (Paturle & Coppens, 1988) method in the Wolfram Mathematica software to derive the Cartesian spherical harmonics for l 20 and determine the density normalization coefficients to 35 significant figures, and computer-generate a Fortran90 code. The article primarily targets researchers who work in the field of experimental X-ray electron density, but may be of some use to all who are interested in Cartesian spherical harmonics.

  17. Brain Image Registration Using CorticallyBrain Image Registration Using Cortically Constrained Harmonic MappingsConstrained Harmonic Mappings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leahy, Richard M.

    Harmonic MappingsConstrained Harmonic Mappings Anand A Joshi1, David W Shattuck2, Paul M Thompson2 and Richard M Leahy1 Subcortical Structure AIR Harmonic HAMMER Harmonic +Intensity Left Thalamus 0.79 0.68 0. Extrapolation of the surface map to the entire cortical volume by a harmonic map. 3. Refinement of the harmonic

  18. Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary Poneman Discuss the Energy Technology Landscape

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bill Gates and Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman discuss the future of energy technology during the twenty-second Plenary Meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

  19. Hyperspherical harmonic formalism for tetraquarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Vijande; N. Barnea; A. Valcarce

    2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a generalization of the hyperspherical harmonic formalism to study systems made of quarks and antiquarks of the same flavor. This generalization is based on the symmetrization of the $N-$body wave function with respect to the symmetric group using the Barnea and Novoselsky algorithm. Our analysis shows that four-quark systems with non-exotic $2^{++}$ quantum numbers may be bound independently of the quark mass. $0^{+-}$ and $1^{+-}$ states become attractive only for larger quarks masses.

  20. Harmonic Chain with Weak Dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Lykov; V. A. Malyshev

    2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider finite harmonic chain (consisting of N classical particles) plus dissipative force acting on one particle (called dissipating particle) only. We want to prove that "in the generic case" the energy (per particle) for the whole system tends to zero in the large time limit and then in the large N limit. "In the generic case" means: for almost all initial conditions and for almost any choice of the dissipating particle, in the thermodynamic limit.

  1. Bill Robinson (Train2Build) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouth Carolina:EnergyPark, Arizona: EnergyBiglerville,EnergyBill

  2. Killing vector fields and harmonic superfield theories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeger, Josua, E-mail: groegerj@mathematik.hu-berlin.de [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Rudower Chaussee 25, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The harmonic action functional allows a natural generalisation to semi-Riemannian supergeometry, also referred to as harmonic, which resembles the supersymmetric sigma models studied in high energy physics. We show that Killing vector fields are infinitesimal supersymmetries of this harmonic action and prove three different Noether theorems in this context. En passant, we provide a homogeneous treatment of five characterisations of Killing vector fields on semi-Riemannian supermanifolds, thus filling a gap in the literature.

  3. Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsukawa, Kosuke

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique1 Kosuke Matsukawa State University of New York at Albany 1. Introduction Chicahuaxtla Trique is spoken in Oaxaca, Mexico and belongs to the Trique language group of the Mixtecan family...). In Chicahuaxtla Trique, an extra harmonic vowel is added after a laryngealized vowel (either a glottalized vowel or an aspirated vowel) in a final syllable. The extra harmonic vowel does not exist in Copala Trique or Itunyoso Trique and is attached mostly...

  4. Power Quality/Harmonic Detection: Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems for the Telecommunications Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, L. J.; Waggoner, R. M.

    The control of harmonics in power systems continues to be a major concern in the telecommunications industry. AC/DC telecommunication conversion equipment has rarely been thought of as playing a major role in the harmonic interaction problem. Yet...

  5. A data mining approach to forming generic bills of materials in support of variant design activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagi, Rakesh

    1 A data mining approach to forming generic bills of materials in support of variant design. This research presents a novel, data mining approach to forming generic bills of materials (GBOMs), entities through data mining methods such as text and tree mining, a new tree union procedure, and embodying

  6. Harmonic Analysis Errors in Calculating Dipole,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to reduce the harmonic field calculation errors. A conformal transfor- mation of a multipole magnet into a dipole reduces these errors. Dipole Magnet Calculations A triangular...

  7. Modulation compression for short wavelength harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wavelength Harmonic Generation Ji Qiang Lawrence Berkeleyform a basis for fourth generation light source. Currently,e?ciency was proposed for generation of short wavelength

  8. Harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Green; Varghese Mathai

    2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We initiate the study of harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters, with applications to smooth versions of the Geometric Langlands program in the abelian case.

  9. Comparison of CHEERS energy use predictions with actual utility bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, B.A.; Hunt, M.B.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The usefulness of Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) is primarily derived from the accurate analysis of the present energy efficiency of a home and the cost effectiveness of the measures that are recommended for improving its efficiency. The Energy Efficient Mortgage is predicated on the concept that the mortgage money spent to improve the efficiency of a home will cost less per months to finance that the utility bill savings that are generated. Computer simulation programs are used to estimate the annual energy used for heating, cooling and domestic hot water. A large sample of rated homes in San Jose California was analyzed to compare predicted energy sue with actual bills. The HERS predictions for both heating and cooling were found to significantly overestimate the energy use of low rated homes compared to efficient homes. Cooling energy use of low rated homes with air conditioning was actually lower than for efficient homes with air conditioning. Significant correlation between family characteristics and home efficiency are thought to be part of the reason for this dilemma. A number of areas are proposed for further work to improve the HERS estimates.

  10. Making space for harmonic oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michelotti, Leo; /Fermilab

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If we restrict the number of harmonic oscillator energy eigenstates to some finite value, N, then the discrete spectrum of the corresponding position operator comprise the roots of the Hermite polynomial H{sub N+1}. Its range is just large enough to accommodate classical motion at high energy. A negative energy term must be added to the Hamiltonian which affects only the last eigenstate, |N>, suggesting it is concentrated at the extrema of this finite ''space''. Calculations support a conjecture that, in the limit of large N, the global distribution of points approaches the differential form for classical action.

  11. Harmonic potential and hadron spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafael Tumanyan

    2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The quark-gluon sea in the hadrons is considered as periodically correlated. Energy levels of Shrodinger equation with harmonic potential is used for describing of the spectrum of hadron masses. In the considered cases the effective potential operating on each particle of ensemble, under certain conditions becomes square-law on displacement from a equilibrium point. It can become an explanation of popularity of oscillator potential for the description of a spectrum of masses of elementary particles. The analysis shows that levels of periodic potential better agreed to the spectrum of hadron masses, than levels of other potentials used for an explanation of a spectrum of masses.

  12. Constructing Buildings and Harmonic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katzarkov, Ludmil; Pandit, Pranav; Simpson, Carlos

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a continuation of our previous work, we outline a theory which should lead to the construction of a universal pre-building and versal building with a $\\phi$-harmonic map from a Riemann surface, in the case of two-dimensional buildings for the group $SL_3$. This will provide a generalization of the space of leaves of the foliation defined by a quadratic differential in the classical theory for $SL_2$. Our conjectural construction would determine the exponents for $SL_3$ WKB problems, and it can be put into practice on examples.

  13. Federal Emergency Management Information System (FEMIS) Bill of Materials (BOM) for FEMIS Version 1.4.6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Downing, Timothy R.; Fangman, Patricia M.; Homer, Brian J.; Johnson, Daniel M.; Johnson, Ranata L.; Johnson, Sharon M.; Millard, W. David; Stoops, Lamar R.; Wood, Blanche M.

    1999-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal Emergency Management Information System (FEMIS) Bill of Materials (BOM) for FEMIS Version 1.4.6

  14. A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yuliang

    A Formal model to aid documenting and harmonizing of information security requirements Jussipekka Information security development, harmonization of information security, organizational modeling 1 INTRODUCTION A formal top down model to harmonize and document information security requirements shall

  15. HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS Anand Arvind Joshi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leahy, Richard M.

    HARMONIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS by Anand Arvind Joshi A Thesis Presented ii Abstract iv 1 Harmonic Mappings 1 1.1 Space of Maps Variation Formula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4 Harmonic Maps

  16. Acoustoelectric Harmonic Generation in a Photoconductive Piezoelectric Semiconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acoustoelectric Harmonic Generation in a Photoconductive Piezoelectric Semiconductor W. Arthur, R harmonics in the low frequency regime (. Piezoelectric semiconductors can exhibit harmonic generation because of interactions between the acoustic

  17. Radiation reaction and quantum damped harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Kheirandish; M. Amooshahi

    2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    By taking a Klein-Gordon field as the environment of an harmonic oscillator and using a new method for dealing with quantum dissipative systems (minimal coupling method), the quantum dynamics and radiation reaction for a quantum damped harmonic oscillator investigated. Applying perturbation method, some transition probabilities indicating the way energy flows between oscillator, reservoir and quantum vacuum, obtained

  18. Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.3: a fully 3D time-dependent FEL sim- ulation code, Nucl.a XUV/soft X-ray harmonic-cascade FEL for the proposed LBNLLBNL-56329 Harmonic cascade FEL designs for LUX G. Penn, M.

  19. Impact of stray capacitance on hvdc harmonics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, E.V.; Sublich, M.; Kapoor, S.C.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experience suggests that a new approach is needed to determining harmonic generation from hvdc converters for the purpose of telephone interference evaluation. This paper presents simulation results showing the effect on harmonic generation of stray capacitances inherent to hvdc converters. These simulation results illustrate the basic characteristics of the phenomenon, which agree qualitatively with field experience.

  20. CHAPLIN - Complex Harmonic Polylogarithms in Fortran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephan Buehler; Claude Duhr

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new Fortran library to evaluate all harmonic polylogarithms up to weight four numerically for any complex argument. The algorithm is based on a reduction of harmonic polylogarithms up to weight four to a minimal set of basis functions that are computed numerically using series expansions allowing for fast and reliable numerical results.

  1. advanced harmonic filter: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hazem ZUBI Signature: 12;iv ABSTRACT LOWPASS BROADBAND HARMONIC FILTER DESIGN Zubi passive harmonic filter (IBF) for three phase diode rectifier front-end type adjustable speed...

  2. A high-fidelity harmonic drive model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preissner, C.; Royston, T. J.; Shu, D. (APS Engineering Support Division); ( MCS); (Univ. of Illinois)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a new model of the harmonic drive transmission is presented. The purpose of this work is to better understand the transmission hysteresis behavior while constructing a new type of comprehensive harmonic drive model. The four dominant aspects of harmonic drive behavior - nonlinear viscous friction, nonlinear stiffness, hysteresis, and kinematic error - are all included in the model. The harmonic drive is taken to be a black box, and a dynamometer is used to observe the input/output relations of the transmission. This phenomenological approach does not require any specific knowledge of the internal kinematics. In a novel application, the Maxwell resistive-capacitor hysteresis model is applied to the harmonic drive. In this model, sets of linear stiffness elements in series with Coulomb friction elements are arranged in parallel to capture the hysteresis behavior of the transmission. The causal hysteresis model is combined with nonlinear viscous friction and spectral kinematic error models to accurately represent the harmonic drive behavior. Empirical measurements are presented to quantify all four aspects of the transmission behavior. These measurements motivate the formulation of the complete model. Simulation results are then compared to additional measurements of the harmonic drive performance.

  3. SAVE THIS | EMAIL THIS | Close Bill and Melinda Gates go back to school

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knaust, Helmut

    Powered by SAVE THIS | EMAIL THIS | Close Bill and Melinda Gates go back to school Their crusade, is essential, Melinda Gates insisted, "if we're going to make any dent in poverty in America." The idea

  4. Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer@lbl.gov)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    LBNL-59999 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s 1 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s In the next

  5. DOE WINDExchange Webinar: Rural Energy for America Program 2014 Farm Bill

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February, Congress passed a new Farm Bill that includes an Energy Title. The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides grants and loan guarantees to farmers, ranchers, and rural small...

  6. Analysis of Five Selected Tax Provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This special report was undertaken at the January 29, 2004, request of Senator John Sununu to perform an assessment of five specific tax provisions of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003.

  7. SDG&E- Non-Residential On-Bill Financing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The SDG&E On-Bill Financing (OBF) program offers qualified business customers 0% financing from $5,000 to $100,000 per meter for qualifying natural gas equipment. All institutional customers...

  8. New Jersey Natural Gas- SAVEGREEN Commercial On-Bill Financing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey Natural Gas (NJNG) under SAVEGREEN Project offers 0% APR On-Bill Repayment Program (OBRP) for eligible small to mid-sized commercial, industrial, and local governmental buildings in its...

  9. New Jersey Natural Gas- SAVEGREEN Residential On-Bill Financing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the SAVEGREEN Project, New Jersey Natural Gas (NJNG) provides an On-Bill Repayment Program (OBRP) for $2,500 up to $10,000 at 0% APR with no fees, points, or closing cost for energy...

  10. Live Webcast on the 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webcast titled “The 2014 Farm Bill's Renewable Energy for America Program” on May 21, 2014, from 3:00 to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

  11. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, W.F.

    1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  12. Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

  13. Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irizarry, Rafael A.

    Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

  14. High-Order Harmonic Generation of Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    High-Order Harmonic Generation of Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules in Intense Ultrashort Laser ionization (MPI) and high-order harmonic generation (HHG) processes of N2 and CO molecules in intense laser of the homonuclear N2 molecule can generate only odd harmonics, both even and odd harmonics can be produced from

  15. Last Updated: April 26, 2011 1 iSiS Using eBilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Last Updated: April 26, 2011 1 iSiS ­ Using eBilling 1. You will receive notice of your New@uml.edu] 2. You may click on the link provided in the email message to log into your iSiS account, and access the Student Center page in order to view/print/pay your student bill. 3. Once logged into iSiS Click the Self

  16. SEVENTH HARMONIC 20 GHz CO-GENERATOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirshfield, Jay L

    2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    To satisfy the need for multi-MW rf sources in frequency ranges where commercial sources do not exist, a study was undertaken on a class of devices based on gyro-harmonic frequency multiplication. This mechanism relies upon adding energy in gyrating motion to a linear electron beam that traverses a rotating-mode TE111-mode drive cavity in a dc magnetic field. The beam then drifts along the magnetic field into a second cavity, operating in the TEn11-mode tuned to the nth harmonic of the drive cavity. Studies of this configuration have been carried out for 2 < n < 7. Results are given for multi-MW, efficient operation of a 7th harmonic device operating at 20 GHz, and a 2nd harmonic device operating at 22.4 GHz.

  17. SPECTRAL APPROXIMATION OF TIME-HARMONIC MAXWELL ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    the electric permittivity, ? is the frequency of the harmonic wave, n is the unit outward normal of D ... In order to deal with more general scatterers D and non-

  18. boundary behavior of univalent harmonic mappings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-70-32T23:59:59.000Z

    valent harmonic mapping f from the unit disk U “onto” a bounded convex ..... Our next result examines the stability of a function f given in The- orem 2 upon the ...

  19. Localized waves with spherical harmonic symmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, M. S.

    We introduce a class of propagation invariant spatiotemporal optical wave packets with spherical harmonic symmetries in their field configurations. The evolution of these light orbitals is considered theoretically in ...

  20. Harmonizing Systems and Software Cost Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Gan

    2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this paper is to examine the gaps and overlaps between software and systems engineering cost models with intent to harmonize the estimates in engineering engineering estimation. In particular, we evaluate ...

  1. Harmonic Representation of Combinations and Partitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalis Psimopoulos

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present article a new method of deriving integral representations of combinations and partitions in terms of harmonic products has been established. This method may be relevant to statistical mechanics and to number theory.

  2. Some examples of exponentially harmonic maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A D Kanfon; A Füzfa; D Lambert

    2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to study some examples of exponentially harmonic maps. We study such maps firstly on flat euclidean and Minkowski spaces and secondly on Friedmann-Lema\\^ itre universes. We also consider some new models of exponentially harmonic maps which are coupled with gravity which happen to be based on a generalization of the lagrangian for bosonic strings coupled with dilatonic field.

  3. HARMONIC CAVITY PERFORMANCE FOR NSLS-II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BLEDNYKH, A.; KRINSKY, S.; PODOBEDOV, B.; ROSE, J.; TOWNE, N.; WANG, J.M.

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    NSLS-II is a 3 GeV ultra-high brightness storage ring planned to succeed the present NSLS rings at BNL. Ultralow emittance combined with short bunch length means that it is critical to minimize the effects of Touschek scattering and coherent instabilities. Improved lifetime and stability can be achieved by including a third-harmonic RF cavity in the baseline design. This paper describes the required harmonic RF parameters and the expected system performance.

  4. Coherent states for the nonlinear harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, Subir [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B. T. Road, Kolkata 700108 (India)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave packets for the quantum nonlinear oscillator are considered in the generalized coherent state framework. To first order in the nonlinearity parameter the coherent state behaves very similar to its classical counterpart. The position expectation value oscillates in a simple harmonic manner. The energy-momentum uncertainty relation is time independent as in a harmonic oscillator. Various features (such as the squeezed state nature) of the coherent state have been discussed.

  5. Nonlinearly driven harmonics of Alfvén modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, B., E-mail: bozhang@austin.utexas.edu; Breizman, B. N.; Zheng, L. J.; Berk, H. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to study the leading order nonlinear magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) harmonic response of a plasma in realistic geometry, the AEGIS code has been generalized to account for inhomogeneous source terms. These source terms are expressed in terms of the quadratic corrections that depend on the functional form of a linear MHD eigenmode, such as the Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmode. The solution of the resultant equation gives the second order harmonic response. Preliminary results are presented here.

  6. Seeing Savings from an ESPC Project in Fort Polk's Utility Bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, J.A.

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal agencies have implemented many energy efficiency projects over the years with direct funding or alternative financing vehicles such as energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). While it is generally accepted that these projects save energy and costs, the savings are usually not obvious in the utility bills. This is true for many valid technical reasons, even when savings are verified in other ways to the highest degree of certainty. However, any perceived deficiency in the evidence for savings is problematic when auditors or other observers evaluate the outcome of energy projects and the achievements of energy management programs. This report discusses under what circumstances energy savings should or should not be evident in utility bills. In the special case of a large ESPC project at the Army's Fort Polk, the analysis of utility bills carried out by the authors does unequivocally confirm and quantify savings. The data requirements and methods for arriving at definitive answers through utility bill analysis are demonstrated in our discussion of the Fort Polk project. The following paragraphs address why the government generally should not expect to see savings from ESPC projects in their utility bills. We also review lessons learned and best practices for measurement and verification (M&V) that can assure best value for the government and are more practical, straightforward, and cost-effective than utility bill analysis.

  7. Data:476e1a6b-e913-46bd-96ff-b2598a3b1d0a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    previous meter read date will be applied for subsequent billing cycles. After enrollment, pricing will be available monthly by calling Reliant Energy Business Services at...

  8. Harmonic Functions are Real Analytic1 On this very short note we prove that harmonic functions are real analytic functions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabral, Marco

    Harmonic Functions are Real Analytic1 On this very short note we prove that harmonic functions prove Lemma 1 using the mean value property of harmonic functions, Green's theorem and the maximum principle. Lemma 1 (estimate on first derivative) Suppose w is harmonic in Rn , > 0, y and B

  9. Plug-in privacy for Smart Metering billing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawurek, Marek; Kerschbaum, Florian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Metering is a concept that allows to collect fine-grained consumption profiles from customers by replacing traditional electricity meters with Smart Meters in customers' households. The recorded consumption profile is the basis for the calculation of time-dependent tariffs but also allows deduction of the inhabitant's personal schedules and habits. The current reporting of such consumption profiles only protects this data from 3rd parties but falls short to protect the customer's privacy from illegitimate abuse by the supplier itself. We propose a privacy-preserving profile reporting protocol that enables billing for time-dependent tariffs without disclosing the actual data of the consumption profile to the supplier. Our approach relies on a zero-knowledge proof based on Pedersen Commitments performed by a plug-in privacy component that is put into the communication link between Smart Meter and supplier's back-end systems and requires no change to Smart Meter hardware and only little change to the softw...

  10. Cost Avoidance vs. Utility Bill Accounting - Explaining theDiscrepancy Between Guaranteed Savings in ESPC Projects and UtilityBills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, S.; Sartor, D.

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal agencies often ask if Energy Savings PerformanceContracts (ESPCs) result in the energy and cost savings projected duringthe project development phase. After investing in ESPCs, federal agenciesexpect a reduction in the total energy use and energy cost at the agencylevel. Such questions about the program are common when implementing anESPC project. But is this a fair or accurate perception? Moreimportantly, should the federal agencies evaluate the success or failureof ESPCs by comparing the utility costs before and after projectimplementation?In fact, ESPC contracts employ measurement andverification (M&V) protocols to measure and ensure kilowatt-hour orBTU savings at the project level. In most cases, the translation toenergy cost savings is not based on actual utility rate structure, but acontracted utility rate that takes the existing utility rate at the timethe contract is signed with a clause to escalate the utility rate by afixed percentage for the duration of the contract. Reporting mechanisms,which advertise these savings in dollars, may imply an impact to budgetsat a much higher level depending on actual utility rate structure. FEMPhas prepared the following analysis to explain why the utility billreduction may not materialize, demonstrate its larger implication onagency s energy reduction goals, and advocate setting the rightexpectations at the outset to preempt the often asked question why I amnot seeing the savings in my utility bill?

  11. High-harmonic spectroscopy of molecular isomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wong, M. C. H.; Brichta, J.-P.; Bhardwaj, V. R. [Department of Physics, University of Ottawa, 150 Louis-Pasteur, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 (Canada); Spanner, M.; Patchkovskii, S. [National Research Council of Canada, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0R6 (Canada)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that high-order-harmonic generation (HHG) spectroscopy can be used to probe stereoisomers of randomly oriented 1,2-dichloroethylene (C{sub 2}H{sub 2}Cl{sub 2}) and 2-butene (C{sub 4}H{sub 8}). The high-harmonic spectra of these isomers are distinguishable over a range of laser intensities and wavelengths. Time-dependent numerical calculations of angle-dependent ionization yields for 1,2-dichloroethylene suggest that the harmonic spectra of molecular isomers reflect differences in their strong-field ionization. The subcycle ionization yields for the cis isomer are an order of magnitude higher than those for the trans isomer. The sensitivity in discrimination of the harmonic spectra of cis- and trans- isomers is greater than 8 and 5 for 1,2-dichloroethylene and 2-butene, respectively. We show that HHG spectroscopy cannot differentiate the harmonic spectra of the two enantiomers of the chiral molecule propylene oxide (C{sub 3}H{sub 6}O).

  12. Second Harmonic Generation and Confined Acoustic Phonons in Highly Excited Semiconductor Nanocrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Dong Hee; Wittenberg, Joshua S.; Banin, Uri; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Second harmonic generation and confined acoustic phonons inenhancement of second harmonic generation, and the effect ofmeasurements. The second harmonic signal showed a sublinear

  13. Resonant high-order harmonic generation from plasma ablation: Laser intensity dependence of the harmonic intensity and phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Str. 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimentally observed strong enhancement of a single high-order harmonic in harmonic generation from low-ionized laser plasma ablation is explained as resonant harmonic generation. The resonant harmonic intensity increases regularly with the increase of the laser intensity, while the phase of the resonant harmonic is almost independent of the laser intensity. This is in sharp contrast with the usual plateau and cutoff harmonics, the intensity of which exhibits wild oscillations while its phase changes rapidly with the laser intensity. The temporal profile of a group of harmonics, which includes the resonant harmonic, has the form of a broad peak in each laser-field half cycle. These characteristics of resonant harmonics can have an important application in attoscience. We illustrate our results using examples of Sn and Sb plasmas.

  14. Plasmon signatures in high harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Zanghellini; Ch. Jungreuthmayer; T. Brabec

    2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    High harmonic generation in polarizable multi-electron systems is investigated in the framework of multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree-Fock. The harmonic spectra exhibit two cut offs. The first cut off is in agreement with the well established, single active electron cut off law. The second cut off presents a signature of multi-electron dynamics. The strong laser field excites non-linear plasmon oscillations. Electrons that are ionized from one of the multi-plasmon states and recombine to the ground state gain additional energy, thereby creating the second plateau.

  15. Spherical Harmonic Decomposition on a Cubic Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles W. Misner

    1999-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described by which a function defined on a cubic grid (as from a finite difference solution of a partial differential equation) can be resolved into spherical harmonic components at some fixed radius. This has applications to the treatment of boundary conditions imposed at radii larger than the size of the grid, following Abrahams, Rezzola, Rupright et al.(gr-qc/9709082}. In the method described here, the interpolation of the grid data to the integration 2-sphere is combined in the same step as the integrations to extract the spherical harmonic amplitudes, which become sums over grid points. Coordinates adapted to the integration sphere are not needed.

  16. Estimated increases in the cost of electricity under three acid-rain control bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillsman, E.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Alvic, D.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several bills were introduced in the past two Congresses to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from electric power plants. The effects of these bills on electricity costs depend on features of the bills, on the mix of generating capacity owned by different electric utilities, on the technologies available for complying with the legislation, and on the time horizon used to calculate the costs. A system of computer software has been developed to make utility-specific estimates of the effects of different legislation on electricity costs. This paper presents sample results from a larger analysis of six pieces of legislation. These results suggest that the emissions trading systems proposed in some legislation, and adopted in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1991, may have less effect than expected on the cost of complying with the legislation. 5 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. accounting standards harmonization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    numbers were Introduced by Ore 6 In 1948, though not under that name. A natural number n is harmonic if the harmonic mean of its positive divisors is an integer....

  18. Second Harmonic Generation Studies of Fe(II) Interactions with...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Second Harmonic Generation Studies of Fe(II) Interactions with Hematite (?-Fe2O3). Second Harmonic Generation Studies of Fe(II) Interactions with Hematite (?-Fe2O3)....

  19. Parametric Estimation of Harmonically Related Sinusoids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixit, Richa

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mud-pulse telemetry is a method used for measurement-while-drilling (MWD)in the oil industry. The telemetry signals are corrupted by spurious mud pump noise consisting of a large number of harmonically related sinusoids. In order to denoise...

  20. Harmonic Fluids Changxi Zheng Doug L. James

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Harmonic Fluids Changxi Zheng Doug L. James Cornell University Abstract Fluid sounds- ing. Furthermore, while offline applications can rely on talented foley artists to "cook up" plausible for vortex-based fluid sounds [Dobashi et al. 2003] and solid bodies [O'Brien et al. 2001; James et al. 2006

  1. Markovian evolution of strongly coupled harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaitanya Joshi; Patrik Ohberg; James D. Cresser; Erika Andersson

    2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate how to model Markovian evolution of coupled harmonic oscillators, each of them interacting with a local environment. When the coupling between the oscillators is weak, dissipation may be modeled using local Lindblad terms for each of the oscillators in the master equation, as is commonly done. When the coupling between oscillators is strong, this model may become invalid. We derive a master equation for two coupled harmonic oscillators which are subject to individual heat baths modeled by a collection of harmonic oscillators, and show that this master equation in general contains non-local Lindblad terms. We compare the resulting time evolution with that obtained for dissipation through local Lindblad terms for each individual oscillator, and show that the evolution is different in the two cases. In particular, the two descriptions give different predictions for the steady state and for the entanglement between strongly coupled oscillators. This shows that when describing strongly coupled harmonic oscillators, one must take great care in how dissipation is modeled, and that a description using local Lindblad terms may fail. This may be particularly relevant when attempting to generate entangled states of strongly coupled quantum systems.

  2. Compatibility of radial, Lorenz and harmonic gauges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Magliaro; Claudio Perini; Carlo Rovelli

    2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe that the radial gauge can be consistently imposed \\emph{together} with the Lorenz gauge in Maxwell theory, and with the harmonic traceless gauge in linearized general relativity. This simple observation has relevance for some recent developments in quantum gravity where the radial gauge is implicitly utilized.

  3. A Low Total Harmonic Distortion Sinusoidal Oscillator Based on Digital Harmonic Cancellation Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Jun

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    design methodology of sinusoidal oscillator named digital-harmonic-cancellation (DHC) technique is presented. DHC technique is realized by summing up a set of square-wave signals with different phase shifts and different summing coefficient to cancel...

  4. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1. The harmonic oscillator solution: displacement as a function of time We wish to solve the equation of motion for the simple harmonic oscillator shall employ for solving this di#erential equation is called the method of inspired guessing. In class

  5. Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Physics 5B Winter 2009 Solving the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1. The harmonic oscillator solution: displacement as a function of time We wish to solve the equation of motion for the simple harmonic oscillator employ for solving this differential equation is called the method of inspired guessing. In class, we

  6. Selective compensation of voltage harmonics in grid-connected microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    1 Selective compensation of voltage harmonics in grid-connected microgrids Mehdi Savaghebia , Juan is proposed for selective compensation of main voltage harmonics in a grid- connected microgrid. The aim level. Keywords Distributed Generator (DG); microgrid; grid-connected; voltage harmonics compensation. 1

  7. Approximation of Harmonic Maps and Wave Maps Soren Bartels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartels, Soeren

    Approximation of Harmonic Maps and Wave Maps S¨oren Bartels Partial differential equations to certain boundary condtions. If X = then critical points u : N are called harmonic maps into N, ·) = u0, tu(0, ·) = v0. To approximate harmonic maps or wave maps we consider a regular triangula- tion

  8. Isolated attosecond pulses using a detuned second-harmonic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumark, Daniel M.

    Isolated attosecond pulses using a detuned second-harmonic field Hamed Merdji,1,2, * Thierry 2 . The slight detuning of the second harmonic is used to break the symmetry of the electric field-order harmonics generation (HHG) of intense laser pulses in gases is attracting much attention due to both

  9. Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northampton, University of

    Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar E. T. Cant1,*, A. D. Smith of five butterfly species were successfully tracked using harmonic radar within an agricultural landscape. Keywords: butterfly flight; harmonic radar; linear landscape features; Aglais urticae; Inachis io 1

  10. The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    The Harmonic Series Diverges Again and Again Steven J. Kifowit Prairie State College Terra A. Stamps Prairie State College The harmonic series, n=1 1 n = 1 + 1 2 + 1 3 + 1 4 + 1 5 + · · · , is one, the harmonic series provides the instructor with a wealth of opportunities. The leaning tower of lire (Johnson

  11. Second harmonic imaging of membrane potential of neurons with retinal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Second harmonic imaging of membrane potential of neurons with retinal Boaz A. Nemet Volodymyr of neurons, using the nonlinear optical phenom- enon of second harmonic generation (SHG) with a photopigment reti- nal as the chromophore [second harmonic retinal imaging of mem- brane potential (SHRIMP)]. We

  12. Harmonic moment dynamics in Laplacian growth Alexander Leshchiner,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Harmonic moment dynamics in Laplacian growth Alexander Leshchiner,1 Matthew Thrasher,1 Mark B received 12 November 2009; published 12 January 2010 Harmonic moments are integrals of integer powers of z horizontal closely spaced plates. Harmonic moments are a natural basis for such Laplacian growth phenomena

  13. Temporal-Harmonic Specific POD Mode Extraction Gilead Tadmor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabiri, John O.

    Temporal-Harmonic Specific POD Mode Extraction Gilead Tadmor and Daniel Bissex Electrical changes the systems mean field changes significantly, as does the leading shedding harmonic4 , once mode pair will capture harmonically rich time dynamics, reflecting a spatial mix of multiple vortical

  14. Workload Management: More Than Just Job Scheduling James Patton Jones, Bill Nitzberg and Bob Henderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newhall, Tia

    management is queueing, or the process of collecting together ``work'' to be executed on a set of resourcesWorkload Management: More Than Just Job Scheduling James Patton Jones, Bill Nitzberg and Bob "workload management" and scheduling are synomnous. This is not the case. Scheduling is in fact just one out

  15. A Discussion on Pricing Relational Data Magdalena Balazinska, Bill Howe, Paraschos Koutris,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    of the costs of producing and maintaining the data by charging these pharmaceutical companies a price pricing mechanisms to fail: they have a high and irrecoverable fixed cost (producing the data is expensiveA Discussion on Pricing Relational Data Magdalena Balazinska, Bill Howe, Paraschos Koutris, Dan

  16. BILLS IMPORTANT TO THOSE INTERESTED IN GLOBAL WARMING League of Women Voters, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BILLS IMPORTANT TO THOSE INTERESTED IN GLOBAL WARMING League of Women Voters, Washington Current.85% annually by 2010) and renewable energy (15% by 2023) standards for Washington electric utilities, increase in local tax revenues, additional income for farmers with the added benefits of stable electricity

  17. Achieving Optimality and Fairness in Autonomous Demand Response: Benchmarks and Billing Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    1 Achieving Optimality and Fairness in Autonomous Demand Response: Benchmarks and Billing Member, IEEE, and Hamed Mohsenian-Rad, Member, IEEE Abstract--Autonomous demand response (DR) programs in autonomous DR systems in a decentralized fashion. Keywords: Autonomous demand response, optimality, fairness

  18. Impacts of House Bill 56 on the Construction Economy in Alabama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbo, David; Escamilla, Edelmiro; Bigelow, Ben F.; Garcia, Jose

    to enact legislation intended to deter unauthorized immigration. South Carolina, Utah, and Alabama have all followed Arizona, which was the first state to enact such a law. This study evaluates House Bill (HB) 56, Alabama’s anti-unauthorized immigration...

  19. A Proposed Method for Improving Residential Heating Energy Estimates Based on Billing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, A. D.; Hadley, D. L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on these homes by the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and Pacific Power. Manufactured home billing data, for four years, and 15-min. measured space-heating data for a subset of homes, for two years, were available to us for analysis. Data were...

  20. Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS Oil drilling to use LSU process Show Caption BILL FEIG/THE ADVOCATE Advocate staff process to make wood-plastic composites has found a new application in the oil and gas business. Qinglin Wu, the Roy O. Martin professor of Composites and Engineered Wood Products, patented a technique

  1. NRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    NRRI's Bill Berguson promotes fast-growing trees as part of America's new energy future. Winter in 2005 by the Departments of Energy and Agriculture concluded that, with the current supply of forest and agricultural land, the United States should be able to produce nearly one billion dry tons of biomass annually

  2. Bill of materials Table 1 lists significant items purchased in the construction of the prosthesis testbed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Steven H.

    Bill of materials Table 1 lists significant items purchased in the construction of the prosthesis Marine Universal prosthesis adapter (titanium) 1 FND-227014 Ohio Willow Wood Series springs purchased in the construction of the prosthesis testbed. Stock materials (e.g. aluminum bars, steel shafts

  3. Scaffold Training Session Bill Danfield (USFS) and Adam Wiese (USFS) lead an Aspen FACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaffold Training Session Bill Danfield (USFS) and Adam Wiese (USFS) lead an Aspen FACE site in each Aspen FACE ring without receiving training. Kurt Pregitzer Returns Adam Wiese (left) leads a training session for scaffold climbing. Kurt Pregitzer (Aspen FACE Steering Committee) returned to MTU

  4. 4 5division of engineering & applied science ENGenious ISSUE 10 2013 Decreasing the Energy Bill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Sossina M.

    of California Homeowners Renewable energy sources used in the generation of electricity, such as wind and solar controlled loads such as refrigerators, air conditioners, and pool pumps. Using the real-time energy prices4 5division of engineering & applied science ENGenious ISSUE 10 2013 Decreasing the Energy Bill

  5. Does Small Dam Removal Affect Local Property Values? An Empirical Analysis Bill Provencher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provencher, R. William

    Does Small Dam Removal Affect Local Property Values? An Empirical Analysis Bill Provencher of small dam removal on property values in south-central Wisconsin. Data on residential property sales were obtained for three categories of sites: those where a dam is intact, those where a dam was recently removed

  6. Excerpts from Senate Report 109-084 ENERGY AND WATER APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Excerpts from Senate Report 109-084 ENERGY AND WATER APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2006 June 16, 2005 Dark Energy Mission [JDEM] in answering fundamental questions about the nature and substance of the Department's missions in national security, energy security and economic security. Programs funded under

  7. Are Building Codes Effective at Saving Energy? Evidence from Residential Billing Data in Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    codes by 2014 that are 30 percent more stringent than the 2006 International Energy Conservation CodeAre Building Codes Effective at Saving Energy? Evidence from Residential Billing Data in Florida and Statistics Abstract We evaluate the effect of a change in the energy code applied to buildings using

  8. Brief respecting Bill C-27, The Canadian Food Inspection Agency Enforcement Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    dependence on imported food. Uthe implications of global warming on many aspects of farm operation and risk symptoms - including Bill C-27 - and focus instead on the causes of our many problems. Craft new, "era potentially restricting global trade, altering apparent scale-dependent economies, and profiling our worrying

  9. Pipe-type cable ampacities in the presence of harmonics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, J.A.; Degeneff, R.C. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)); McKernan, T.M.; Halleran, T.M. (Consolidated Edison Co. of NY, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the effect of harmonics on HPFF pipe-type transmission cable ampacity. Industry currently calculates the current carrying capacity of underground cable based on the assumption of a purely sinusoidal 60k Hz. current. However, increasing levels of harmonics on power systems have raised concern about their effect on cable ampacities. The issue has already been addressed for distribution cables. This paper begins with a discussion of Neher and McGrath's classic equations and some recent revisions, and develops a closed form composite equations accurately reflecting the effect of harmonics. The effect of frequency on the loss ratio is shown and supported by comparison with measured data at 60 Hz. and a finite element analysis at a number of harmonic frequencies. The effect of specific harmonic scenarios is shown in light of the IEEE standard on harmonics. The results are used to develop a derating factor to compensate for current harmonics on transmission systems.

  10. Generalized harmonic formulation in spherical symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny Sorkin; Matthew W. Choptuik

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this pedagogically structured article, we describe a generalized harmonic formulation of the Einstein equations in spherical symmetry which is regular at the origin. The generalized harmonic approach has attracted significant attention in numerical relativity over the past few years, especially as applied to the problem of binary inspiral and merger. A key issue when using the technique is the choice of the gauge source functions, and recent work has provided several prescriptions for gauge drivers designed to evolve these functions in a controlled way. We numerically investigate the parameter spaces of some of these drivers in the context of fully non-linear collapse of a real, massless scalar field, and determine nearly optimal parameter settings for specific situations. Surprisingly, we find that many of the drivers that perform well in 3+1 calculations that use Cartesian coordinates, are considerably less effective in spherical symmetry, where some of them are, in fact, unstable.

  11. Prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of gravitational field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukushima, Toshio, E-mail: Toshio.Fukushima@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory, Ohsawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a modification of the oblate spheroidal case, a recursive method is developed to compute the point value and a few low-order derivatives of the prolate spheroidal harmonics of the second kind, Q{sub nm} (y), namely the unnormalized associated Legendre function (ALF) of the second kind with its argument in the domain, 1 < y < ?. They are required in evaluating the prolate spheroidal harmonic expansion of the gravitational field in addition to the point value and the low-order derivatives of P-bar {sub nm}(t), the 4? fully normalized ALF of the first kind with its argument in the domain, |t| ? 1. The new method will be useful in the gravitational field computation of elongated celestial objects.

  12. Harmonic polylogarithms for massive Bhabha scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Czakon; J. Gluza; T. Riemann

    2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    One- and two-dimensional harmonic polylogarithms, HPLs and GPLs, appear in calculations of multi-loop integrals. We discuss them in the context of analytical solutions for two-loop master integrals in the case of massive Bhabha scattering in QED. For the GPLs we discuss analytical representations, conformal transformations, and also their transformations corresponding to relations between master integrals in the s- and t-channel.

  13. ${\\cal D}$-deformed harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bagarello; F. Gargano; D. Volpe

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze systematically several deformations arising from two-dimensional harmonic oscillators which can be described in terms of $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. They all give rise to exactly solvable models, described by non self-adjoint hamiltonians whose eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be found adopting the quite general framework of the so-called $\\cal{D}$-pseudo bosons. In particular, we show that several models previously introduced in the literature perfectly fit into this scheme.

  14. HVDC-AC system interaction from AC harmonics. Volume 1. Harmonic impedance calculations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breuer, G D; Chow, J H; Lindh, C B; Miller, N W; Numrich, F H; Price, W W; Turner, A E; Whitney, R R

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved methods are needed to characterize ac system harmonic behavior for ac filter design for HVDC systems. The purpose of this General Electric Company RP1138 research is to evaluate the present filter design practice and to investigate methods for calculating system harmonic impedances. An overview of ac filter design for HVDC systems and a survey of literature related to filter design have been performed. Two methods for calculating system harmonic impedances have been investigated. In the measurement method, an instrumentation system for measuring system voltage and current has been assembled. Different schemes of using the measurements to calculate system harmonic impedances have been studied. In the analytical method, a procedure to include various operating conditions has been proposed. Computer programs for both methods have been prepared, and the results of the measurement and analytical methods analyzed. A conclusion of the project is that the measurement and analytical methods both provided reasonable results. There are correlations between the measured and analytical results for most harmonics, although there are discrepancies between the assumptions used in the two methods. A sensitivity approach has been proposed to further correlate the results. From the results of the analysis, it is recommended that both methods should be tested further. For the measurement method, more testing should be done to cover different system operating conditions. In the analytical method, more detailed models for representing system components should be studied. In addition, alternative statistical and sensitivity approaches should be attempted.

  15. Reliant Coastal Plains Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)Coastal Plains Biomass

  16. Reliant Energy Power Supply LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)Coastal Plains

  17. Reliant Energy Renewables Atascosita Biomass Facility | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)Coastal PlainsInformation

  18. Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)Coastal

  19. Transition to the Relativistic Regime in High Order Harmonic Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasevitch, Alexander; Lobov, Konstantin; Wuensche, Clemens; Linde, Dietrich von der [Institut fuer Experimentelle Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, D-47048 Duisburg (Germany)

    2007-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments and computer simulations on the generation of high order harmonics from steep plasma gradients using intense femtosecond laser pulses are presented. Qualitative changes in the harmonic emission take place when the intensities are increased above 10{sup 19} W/cm{sup 2} and/or the plasma scale length is varied. Good agreement between experimental and calculated spectra makes it possible to clearly distinguish between nonrelativistic and relativistic mechanisms of harmonic generation.

  20. alternating phase harmonic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the effects of harmonics on their systems: telephone noise, excessive heating of transformers and other equipment, capacitor damage, and others, and would like to limit the...

  1. Simple connection between Faddeev's and the K-harmonic approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coelho, H.T.; Gloeckle, W.; Delfino, A.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By employing a system for three bound identical bosons, a simple connection is made between Faddeev's and the K-harmonic approaches.

  2. Analysis and Design of New Harmonic Mitigation Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aeloiza Matus, Eddy 1972-

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -pulse rectifiers are based on the principle of harmonic cancellation through phase shifting and are the preferred solution to eliminate harmonics in high power converters in large motor drives, electro-winning rectifiers and HVDC transmission systems [23...-voltage systems can have up to 2.0% THD where the cause is an HVDC terminal that will attenuate by the time it is tapped for user. Individual Harmonic Order (Odd Harmonics) Isc / IL <11 11 ? h"? 17 17 ? h"? 23 23 ? h"? 35 h"? 35 TDD <20 * 4.0 2...

  3. A Methodology to Develop Monthly Energy Use Models From Utility Billing Data For Seasonally Scheduled Buildings: Application to Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, W.

    A METHODOLOGY TO DEVELOP MONTHLY ENERGY USE MODELS FROM UTILITY BILLING DATA FOR SEASONALLY SCHEDULED BUILDINGS: APPLICATION TO SCHOOLS A Thesis by WENYAN WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1998 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A METHODOLOGY TO DEVELOP MONTHLY ENERGY USE MODELS FROM UTILITY BILLING DATA FOR SEASONALLY SCHEDULED BUILDINGS: APPLICATION TO SCHOOLS A...

  4. Algal Supply System Design - Harmonized Version

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abodeely, Jared; Stevens, Daniel; Ray, Allison; Newby, Deborah; Schaller, Kastli

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this design report is to provide an assessment of current technologies used for production, dewatering, and converting microalgae cultivated in open-pond systems to biofuel. The original draft design was created in 2011 and has subsequently been brought into agreement with the DOE harmonized model. The design report extends beyond this harmonized model to discuss some of the challenges with assessing algal production systems, including the ability to (1) quickly assess alternative algal production system designs, (2) assess spatial and temporal variability, and (3) perform large-scale assessments considering multiple scenarios for thousands of potential sites. The Algae Logistics Model (ALM) was developed to address each of these limitations of current modeling efforts to enable assessment of the economic feasibility of algal production systems across the United States. The (ALM) enables (1) dynamic assessments using spatiotemporal conditions, (2) exploration of algal production system design configurations, (3) investigation of algal production system operating assumptions, and (4) trade-off assessments with technology decisions and operating assumptions. The report discusses results from the ALM, which is used to assess the baseline design determined by harmonization efforts between U.S. DOE national laboratories. Productivity and resource assessment data is provided by coupling the ALM with the Biomass Assessment Tool developed at PNNL. This high-fidelity data is dynamically passed to the ALM and used to help better understand the impacts of spatial and temporal constraints on algal production systems by providing a cost for producing extracted algal lipids annually for each potential site.

  5. Harmonic pinnacles in the Discrete Gaussian model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyal Lubetzky; Fabio Martinelli; Allan Sly

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2D Discrete Gaussian model gives each height function $\\eta : \\mathbb{Z}^2\\to\\mathbb{Z}$ a probability proportional to $\\exp(-\\beta \\mathcal{H}(\\eta))$, where $\\beta$ is the inverse-temperature and $\\mathcal{H}(\\eta) = \\sum_{x\\sim y}(\\eta_x-\\eta_y)^2$ sums over nearest-neighbor bonds. We consider the model at large fixed $\\beta$, where it is flat unlike its continuous analog (the Gaussian Free Field). We first establish that the maximum height in an $L\\times L$ box with 0 boundary conditions concentrates on two integers $M,M+1$ with $M\\sim \\sqrt{(1/2\\pi\\beta)\\log L\\log\\log L}$. The key is a large deviation estimate for the height at the origin in $\\mathbb{Z}^2$, dominated by "harmonic pinnacles", integer approximations of a harmonic variational problem. Second, in this model conditioned on $\\eta\\geq 0$ (a floor), the average height rises, and in fact the height of almost all sites concentrates on levels $H,H+1$ where $H\\sim M/\\sqrt{2}$. This in particular pins down the asymptotics, and corrects the order, in results of Bricmont, El-Mellouki and Fr\\"ohlich (1986), where it was argued that the maximum and the height of the surface above a floor are both of order $\\sqrt{\\log L}$. Finally, our methods extend to other classical surface models (e.g., restricted SOS), featuring connections to $p$-harmonic analysis and alternating sign matrices.

  6. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  7. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary) [U.S. Department of Energy Secretary; Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman) [Microsoft, Chairman; Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor) [Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  8. Harmonic-Oscillator-Based Effective Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton

    2006-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe harmonic-oscillator-based effective theory (HOBET) and explore the extent to which the effects of excluded higher-energy oscillator shells can be represented by a contact-gradient expansion in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO). I find the expansion can be very successful provided the energy dependence of the effective interaction, connected with missing long-wavelength physics associated with low-energy breakup channels, is taken into account. I discuss a modification that removes operator mixing from HOBET, simplifying the task of determining the parameters of an NNLO interaction.

  9. Harmon, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| OpenInformation Handbook forHansung ANewHardyCounty,Harmon,

  10. GyroSolé’ Harmonic Engine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonic Engine GyroSolé(tm) engine * Simple * Efficient

  11. Carbon Cycle 2.0: Bill Collins: A future without CC2.0

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bill Collins

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bill Collins speaks at the Carbon Cycle 2.0 kick-off symposium Feb. 1, 2010. We emit more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future. http://carboncycle2.lbl.gov/

  12. Using Utility Bills and Average Daily Energy Consumption to Target Commissioning Efforts and Track Building Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellers, D.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Utility Bills and Average Daily Energy Consumption to Target Commissioning Efforts and Track Building Performance By: David Sellers, Senior Engineer, Portland Energy Conservation Inc, Portland, Oregon ABSTRACT This paper discusses using basic... by contacting the author at: Dsellers@peci.org www.peci.org Phone: - 503-248-4636 extension 224 Mailing address through August 3, 2001 Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. 921 SW Washington Street Suite 312 Portland, Oregon 97205 Mailing address after August 3...

  13. Limitations and improvements for harmonic generation measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Best, Steven; Croxford, Anthony; Neild, Simon [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Queens Building, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TR (United Kingdom)

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A typical acoustic harmonic generation measurement comes with certain limitations. Firstly, the use of the plane wave-based analysis used to extract the nonlinear parameter, ?, ignores the effects of diffraction, attenuation and receiver averaging which are common to most experiments, and may therefore limit the accuracy of a measurement. Secondly, the method usually requires data obtained from a through-transmission type setup, which may not be practical in a field measurement scenario where access to the component is limited. Thirdly, the technique lacks a means of pinpointing areas of damage in a component, as the measured nonlinearity represents an average over the length of signal propagation. Here we describe a three-dimensional model of harmonic generation in a sound beam, which is intended to provide a more realistic representation of a typical experiment. The presence of a reflecting boundary is then incorporated into the model to assess the feasibility of performing single-sided measurements. Experimental validation is provided where possible. Finally, a focusing acoustic source is modelled to provide a theoretical indication of the afforded advantages when the nonlinearity is localized.

  14. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This scoping study investigates the impact of, and interactions among, three key sources of uncertainty in the future value of bill savings from customer-sited PV, focusing in particular on residential customers. These three sources of uncertainty are: changes to electricity market conditions that would affect retail electricity prices, changes to the types of retail rate structures available to residential customers with PV, and shifts away from standard net-metering toward other compensation mechanisms for residential PV. We investigate the impact of a range of electricity market scenarios on retail electricity prices and rate structures, and the resulting effects on the value of bill savings from PV. The scenarios include various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment, high and low natural gas prices, the possible introduction of carbon pricing, and greater or lesser reliance on utility-scale storage and demand response. We examine the bill savings from PV with time-invariant, flat residential retail rates, as well as with time-varying retail rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP). In addition, we explore a flat rate with increasing-block pricing (IBP). We evaluate the bill savings from PV with net metering, as currently allowed in many states, as well as scenarios with hourly netting, a partial form of net metering. This scoping study is the first known effort to evaluate these types of interactions in a reasonably comprehensive fashion, though by no means have we considered every possible change to electricity market conditions, retail rate structures, or PV compensation mechanisms. It focuses solely on the private value of bill savings for residential PV and does not seek to quantify the broader social or economic cost or value of solar electricity. Our analysis applies assumptions based loosely on California’s electricity market in a future year (2030); however, it is neither intended to forecast California’s future market, nor are our conclusions intended to have implications specific only to the California market. That said, some of the findings are unique to our underlying assumptions, as described further within the main body of the report, along with other key limitations.

  15. Design study of the bending sections between harmonic cascade FEL stages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Weishi; Corlett, John; Fawley, William; Zholents, A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A XUV/Soft X-Ray Harmonic- Cascade FEL for the Proposed LBNLin a Cascaded Harmonic FEL CBP Tech Note-281, Februarybetween Harmonic Cascade FEL Stages W. Wan, J. Corlett, W.

  16. Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection and transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection their pro- files.We will verifythesestatementswith a largenumberof illustrations. I. COMPLEX HARMONIC WAVE REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION A. Representation of a complex harmonic wave in a viscoelastic medium

  17. Gain-assisted harmonic generation in near-zero permittivity metamaterials made of plasmonic nanoshells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonietta Vincenti, Maria; Campione, Salvatore; de Ceglia, Domenico; Capolino, Filippo; Scalora, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from metal shells 3.1. Second-harmonic generation from gold3.2. Third-harmonic generation from golddriven second- and third-harmonic generation at ?-near-zero

  18. Non-commutative harmonic and subharmonic polynomials and other non-commutative partial differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Christopher Scott; Nelson, Christopher Scott

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.2 Simple Cases of Non-Commutative -Harmonic Polyno-3.2.2 1-Harmonic Polynomials . . . . . . . . . . .1.2.1 Non-Commutative Harmonic and Subharmonic Poly-

  19. North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade Olivier CADOT Lausanne University Anne,version1-20Mar2014 #12;1 North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade Anne-Célia Disdier investigate whether the technical requirements contained in North-South Agreements affect international trade

  20. Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santolik, Ondrej

    Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft F. Nemec,1,2 O. Santoli´k,3 January 2006; published 22 April 2006. [1] Results of a systematic survey of Power Line Harmonic Radiation from the electric power systems which are magnetically conjugated with the place of observation

  1. Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santolik, Ondrej

    Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft F. Nemec a,b,*, O of a systematic survey of Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft. DEME- TER frequency spacing corresponds well to the power system frequency at anticipated source locations. Moreover

  2. Propagation of nonlinearly generated harmonic spin waves in microscopic stripes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Propagation of nonlinearly generated harmonic spin waves in microscopic stripes O. Rousseau,1 M on the experimental study of the propagation of nonlinearly generated harmonic spin waves in microscopic CoFeB stripes wave propagation. VC 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4864480] In recent years

  3. Harmonic minimization waveforms for modulated heating experiments at HAARP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmonic minimization waveforms for modulated heating experiments at HAARP G. Jin,1 M. Spasojevic,1), Harmonic minimization waveforms for modulated heating experiments at HAARP, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A11315 and Stubbe [1984], and Milikh et al. [1999]. The High Fre- quency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP

  4. Higher order harmonic detection for exploring nonlinear interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasudevan, Rama K [ORNL; Okatan, M. B. [University of New South Wales; Rajapaksa, Indrajit [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Kim, Yunseok [ORNL; Marincel, Dan [Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan [Pennsylvania State University; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Nagarajan, Valanoor [University of New South Wales; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonlinear dynamics underpin a vast array of physical phenomena ranging from interfacial motion to jamming transitions. In many cases, decoupling the contributions of competing or co-existing mechanisms to the system response can be achieved through investigation of higher order harmonics. Here, a method using band excitation scanning probe microscopy to investigate higher order harmonics of the electromechanical response, with nanometer scale spatial resolution is presented. The utility of the technique is demonstrated by probing the first three harmonics of strain for a well-known system, a model Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 ferroelectric capacitor. It is shown that the second order harmonic response is correlated with the first harmonic response, whereas the third harmonic is not. Additionally, nanoscale measurements of the second harmonic response with field reveal significant deviations from Rayleigh-type models in the form of a much more complicated field dependence than is observed in the spatially averaged data. These results illustrate the versatility of combining proximal probe techniques with nth harmonic detection methods in exploring and decoupling nonlinear dynamics in a wide variety of nanoscale materials.

  5. Spectrum of second-harmonic radiation generated from incoherent light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stabinis, A.; Pyragaite, V.; Tamosauskas, G.; Piskarskas, A. [Department of Quantum Electronics, Vilnius University, Sauletekio Avenue 9, Building 3, LT-10222 Vilnius (Lithuania)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the development of the theory of second-harmonic generation by an incoherent pump with broad angular and frequency spectra. We show that spatial as well as temporal walk-off effects in a nonlinear crystal result in angular dispersion of the second-harmonic radiation. We demonstrate that the acceptance angle in second-harmonic generation by incoherent light is caused by the width of the pump angular spectrum and the resulting angular dispersion of second-harmonic radiation but does not depend on crystal length. In this case the frequency spectrum of second-harmonic radiation is determined by its angular dispersion and the pump angular spectrum. The theory is supported by an experiment in which a LiIO{sub 3} crystal was pumped by a tungsten halogen lamp.

  6. Commissioning of a higher harmonic RF system for the Advanced Light Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, John M.; De Santis, Stefano; Georgsson, Mattias; Stover, G.; Fox, John D.; Teytelman, Dmitry

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commissioning of a higher harmonic RF system for theAbstract We report on the commissioning of a higher harmonicpresents the results of commissioning of the ALS harmonic

  7. Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Harmonics Compensation in an Islanded Droop-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Harmonics Compensation in an Islanded Droop- Controlled on the resistance emulation. Furthermore, a droop characteristic based on DG harmonic reactive power has been

  8. A 20% service charge and 7% sales tax will be added to the total bill. Prices are subject to change should economic conditions require.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    should economic conditions require. Wedding Alcohol Service Bartenders Bartender charges are applicable will be added to the total bill. Prices are subject to change should economic condit

  9. Relativistic harmonic oscillator model for quark stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishnu M. Bannur

    2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) model of hadrons is used to study quark stars. The mass-radius relationship is obtained and compared with bag model of quark star, using Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation. In this model, the outward degenerate pressure due to discrete Landau levels and Landau degeneracy balances the inward gravitational pressure. Where as in bag model the degenerate pressure is due to the standard continuum levels which balances the combined inward pressure due to gravitation and bag pressure. So in RHO model, the confinement effect is included in the degenerate pressure. We found a qualitative similarity, but quantitative differences in mass-radius relationship of quark stars in these two models. Masses and radii are relatively larger and the central energy densities, required for stable quark stars, are lower in RHO model than that of bag model.

  10. Evidence of High Harmonics from Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation for Seeding X-ray Free Electron Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiang, D.; Colby, E.; Dunning, M.; Gilevich, S.; Hast, C.; Jobe, K.; McCormick, D.; Nelson, J.; Raubenheimer, T.O.; Soong, K.; Stupakov, G.; Szalata, Z.; Walz, D.; Weathersby, S.; Woodle, M.; /SLAC; ,

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Echo-enabled harmonic generation free electron lasers hold great promise for the generation of fully coherent radiation in x-ray wavelengths. Here we report the first evidence of high harmonics from the echo-enabled harmonic generation technique in the realistic scenario where the laser energy modulation is comparable to the beam slice energy spread. In this experiment, coherent radiation at the seventh harmonic of the second seed laser is generated when the energy modulation amplitude is about 2-3 times the slice energy spread. The experiment confirms the underlying physics of echo-enabled harmonic generation and may have a strong impact on emerging seeded x-ray free electron lasers that are capable of generating laserlike x rays which will advance many areas of science.

  11. SU(4) harmonic superspace and supersymmetric gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. Zupnik

    2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the harmonic-superspace formalism in the $N=4$ supersymmetry using the $SU(4)/SU(2)\\times SU(2)\\times U(1)$ harmonics which was earlier applied to the abelian gauge theory. The N=4 non-abelian constraints in a standard superspace are reformulated as the harmonic-superspace equations for two basic analytic superfields: the independent superfield strength W of a dimension 1 and the dimensionless harmonic gauge 4-prepotential V having the $U(1)$ charge 2. These constraint equations I manifestly depend on the Grassmann coordinates $\\theta$, although they are covariant under the unusual N=4 supersymmetry transformations. We analyze an alternative harmonic formalism of the supergauge theory for two unconstrained nonabelian analytic superfields W and V. The gauge-invariant action A(W,V) in this formalism contains $\\theta$ factors in each term, it is invariant under the $SU(4)$ automorphism group. In this model, the interaction of two infinite-dimensional N=4 supermultiplets with the physical and auxiliary fields arises at the level of component fields. The action A(W,V) generate analytic equations of motion II alternative to the harmonic-superspace superfield constraints I. Both sets of equations give us the equivalent equations for the physical component fields of the $N=4$ gauge supermultiplet, they connect auxiliary and physical fields of two superfields. The nonlinear effective interaction of the abelian harmonic superfield W is constructed.

  12. Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pirozhkov, A.S.; Kando, M.; Esirkepov, T.Zh.; and others

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally demonstrate a new regime of high-order harmonic generation by relativistic-irradiance lasers in gas jet targets. Bright harmonics with both odd and even orders, generated by linearly as well as circularly polarized pulses, are emitted in the forward direction, while the base harmonic frequency is downshifted. A 9 TW laser generates harmonics up to 360 eV, within the 'water window' spectral region. With a 120 TW laser producing 40 uJ/sr per harmonic at 120 eV, we demonstrate the photon number scalability. The observed harmonics cannot be explained by previously suggested scenarios. A novel high-order harmonics generation mechanism [T. Zh. Esirkepov et al., AIP Proceedings, this volume], which explains our experimental findings, is based on the phenomena inherent in the relativistic laser - underdense plasma interactions (self-focusing, cavity evacuation, and bow wave generation), mathematical catastrophe theory which explains formation of electron density singularities (cusps), and collective radiation due to nonlinear oscillations of a compact charge.

  13. Bodman Statement on House Passage of Energy Bill | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13, 2009OakDepartmentBillBelowRSS June 4,ofofEnergy

  14. Bill Richardson Sworn in as Secretary of Energy | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.gov Office of the Administrator|Administration Bill Richardson

  15. The Renewable Energy Guy: Q&A with TV's Bill Nye | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23,EnergyChicopeeTechnology Performance AprilPracticeDepartmentReemploymentBill

  16. Second harmonic effect on geodesic modes in tokamak plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elfimov, A. G.; Galvão, R. M. O. [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-090 (Brazil)] [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-090 (Brazil); Smolyakov, A. I. [University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada) [University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada); Institute of Tokamak Physics, NRC “Kurchatov Institute,” 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation); Melnikov, A. V. [Institute of Tokamak Physics, NRC “Kurchatov Institute,” 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute of Tokamak Physics, NRC “Kurchatov Institute,” 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of a kinetic treatment of Geodesic Acoustic Modes (GAMs) that fully takes into account ion parallel dynamics, including the magnetic field component, are presented. The finite-orbit-width (FOW) parameter is considered in the calculation of the second harmonic effect on GAMs. For larger values of the FOW parameter, it is shown that dispersive effects related to the m = 2 harmonics is the cause of the mode frequency splitting and the modes appear due to the interaction with the ion sound mode. Furthermore, the modes may have enhanced damping rates due to second harmonic Landau damping.

  17. Harmonic measurements from a group connected generator HVdc converter scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macdonald, S.J.; Enright, W.; Arrillaga, J. [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)] [Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand); O`Brien, M.T.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent CIGRE document published in ELECTRA has described the potential benefits of a direct connection of generators to HVdc converters. While many theoretical contributions have been made, no practical test data has become available so far. This paper reports on harmonic tests carried out at the Benmore end of the New Zealand HVdc link operating as a group connected scheme. It was found that the measured harmonic current levels were well below specified generator ratings. Dynamic simulation accurately predicted the harmonic currents whereas the results of a steady state formulation were less reliable.

  18. Generalized Harmonic Equations in 3+1 Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. David Brown

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized harmonic equations of general relativity are written in 3+1 form. The result is a system of partial differential equations with first order time and second order space derivatives for the spatial metric, extrinsic curvature, lapse function and shift vector, plus fields that represent the time derivatives of the lapse and shift. This allows for a direct comparison between the generalized harmonic and the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formulations. The 3+1 generalized harmonic equations are also written in terms of conformal variables and compared to the Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura equations with moving puncture gauge conditions.

  19. High order harmonic generation in dual gas multi-jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tosa, Valer, E-mail: valer.tosa@itim-cj.ro, E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro; Hojbota, Calin, E-mail: valer.tosa@itim-cj.ro, E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donath 65-103, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donath 65-103, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    High order harmonic generation (HHG) in gas media suffers from a low conversion efficiency that has its origins in the interaction of the atom/molecule with the laser field. Phase matching is the main way to enhance the harmonic flux and several solutions have been designed to achieve it. Here we present numerical results modeling HHG in a system of multi-jets in which two gases alternate: the first gas jet (for example Ne) generates harmonics and the second one which ionizes easier, recover the phase matching condition. We obtain configurations which are experimentally feasible with respect to pressures and dimensions of the jets.

  20. Harmonic Superspace Gaugeon Formalism for the ABJM Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir Faizal

    2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we will analyse the ABJM theory in harmonic superspace. The harmonic superspace variables will be parameterized by the coset $SU(2)/U(1)$ and thus will have manifest $\\mathcal{N} =3$ supersymmetry. We will study the quantum gauge transformations and the BRST transformations of this theory in gaugeon formalism. We will use this BRST symmetry to project out the physical sub-space from the total Hilbert space. We will also show that the evolution of the $\\mathcal{S}$-matrix is unitary for this ABJM theory in harmonic superspace.

  1. ASYMPTOTIC DISTRIBUTION OF ESTIMATES FOR A TIME-VARYING PARAMETER IN A HARMONIC MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irizarry, Rafael A.

    ASYMPTOTIC DISTRIBUTION OF ESTIMATES FOR A TIME-VARYING PARAMETER IN A HARMONIC MODEL WITH MULTIPLE harmonic regression models are useful for cases where harmonic parameters appear to be time-varying. Least, harmonic regression, signal processing, sound analysis, time-varying parameters, weighted least squares

  2. Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices from a ¼ 92 to 184 nm. Fourier analysis reveals the second (and the third) harmonics along of corresponding harmonics in the profile of the potential modulation. The harmonics manifest themselves in CO

  3. Inverse medium scattering for three-dimensional time harmonic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 22, 2004 ... problem of time harmonic Maxwell equations in R3. ..... For a simple stability analysis, some relative random noise is added to the data, e.g., the.

  4. Interference-Aware Geometric Modeling David Harmon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinspun, Eitan

    Interference-Aware Geometric Modeling David Harmon1 Daniele Panozzo1,2 Olga Sorkine1,3 Denis Zorin1 as glaring artifacts, and eliminate the ability to use the final model further down many software pipelines

  5. Time-optimal controls for frictionless cooling in harmonic traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salamon, Peter

    OFFPRINT Time-optimal controls for frictionless cooling in harmonic traps K. H. Hoffmann, P payment Details on preparing, submitting and tracking the progress of your manuscript from submission

  6. Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derdzinski, Andrzej

    Classification of Certain Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Harmonic Curvature a... Derdzinski and University Library provides access to digitized documents strictly for noncommercial educational, research) requires prior written permission from the Goettingen State- and University Library. Each copy of any part

  7. Electric shock and elevated EMF levels due to triplen harmonics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tran, T.Q.; Conrad, L.E.; Stallman, B.K. [PSI Energy, Inc., Plainfield, IN (United States)] [PSI Energy, Inc., Plainfield, IN (United States)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasing use of single phase rectifiers for electric power conversion in residential applications increases harmonic load on utility systems. Many papers have analyzed the effect of these loads on power quality and equipment loadability. However, there are two more critical concerns for harmonic loads served phase to neutral on multi-grounded wye systems. Triplen harmonics, particularly the third, add in the neutral and have little diversity between loads. The higher neutral currents may cause significant problems. Neutral to earth voltages will increase near the substations which could increase stray voltage complaints. The additional neutral current on three phase lines will elevate EMF levels especially in the fringe areas. This paper provides fundamental understanding of triplen harmonic influence on stray voltage and EMF related to multi-grounded wye electric distribution systems.

  8. Harmonic Image Reconstruction Assisted by a Nonlinear Metmaterial Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhiyu

    We experimentally demonstrate a microwave far-field image reconstruction modality with the transverse resolution exceeding the diffraction limit by using a single layer of highly nonlinear metamaterial. The harmonic fields ...

  9. Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly resonant Kerr cavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Hila

    We describe a theoretical analysis of the nonlinear dynamics of third-harmonic generation (??3?) via Kerr (?(3)) nonlinearities in a resonant cavity with resonances at both ? and 3?. Such a doubly resonant cavity greatly ...

  10. Investigation of plasma diagnostics using a dual frequency harmonic technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Hwan [Department of Nanoscale Semiconductor Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young-Do; Cho, Sung-Won; Kim, Yu-Sin; Chung, Chin-Wook, E-mail: joykang@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma diagnostic methods using harmonic currents analysis of electrostatic probes were experimentally investigated to understand the differences in their measurement of the plasma parameters. When dual frequency voltage (?{sub 1},?{sub 2}) was applied to a probe, various harmonic currents (?{sub 1},?2?{sub 1},?{sub 2},?2?{sub 2},?{sub 2}±?{sub 1},?{sub 2}±2?{sub 1}) were generated due to the non-linearity of the probe sheath. The electron temperature can be obtained from the ratio of the two harmonics of the probe currents. According to the combinations of the two harmonics, the sensitivities in the measurement of the electron temperature differed, and this results in a difference of the electron temperature. From experiments and simulation, it is shown that this difference is caused by the systematic and random noise.

  11. Driven harmonic oscillator as a quantum simulator for open systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jyrki Piilo; Sabrina Maniscalco

    2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We show theoretically how a driven harmonic oscillator can be used as a quantum simulator for non-Markovian damped harmonic oscillator. In the general framework, the results demonstrate the possibility to use a closed system as a simulator for open quantum systems. The quantum simulator is based on sets of controlled drives of the closed harmonic oscillator with appropriately tailored electric field pulses. The non-Markovian dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator is obtained by using the information about the spectral density of the open system when averaging over the drives of the closed oscillator. We consider single trapped ions as a specific physical implementation of the simulator, and we show how the simulator approach reveals new physical insight into the open system dynamics, e.g. the characteristic quantum mechanical non-Markovian oscillatory behavior of the energy of the damped oscillator, usually obtained by the non-Lindblad-type master equation, can have a simple semiclassical interpretation.

  12. Resumption of SPR US Strategic Petroleum Reserve fill attached to synfuels bill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    House-Senate conferees approved a bill which would establish a $20 billion US Synthetic Fuels Corp., a $3.1 billion bank to fund energy conservation and solar energy projects, a $1.4 billion biomass-to-energy program, and other energy conservation and production measures. An order requiring the filling of the SPR at a minimum average rate of 100,000 bbl/day beginning 10/1/80 was attached to the bill. If that rate is not achieved, the SPR measure requires that Elk Hills, Calif., field crude be sold or exchanged to acquire other crude for the SPR. Some OPEC members have threatened to reduce their output if the US buys oil for storage. The SPR measure will increase US refiners' crude-acquisition costs by $0.04/gal, which will be passed along to purchasers. The SPR goal is 750 million bbl of crude; current capacity is 250 million bbl, with only 91.7 million bbl in place. A House subcommittee issued a report recommending that the 118,000 bbl/day oil production from US National Petroleum Reserves (NPR) be reserved for the US Department of Defense (DOD) and stored in the SPR, but criticizing DOD for inefficiencies in its energy office, inadequate conversion to coal, and inadequate storage facilities.

  13. Casimir Friction Force for Moving Harmonic Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

    2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Casimir friction is analyzed for a pair of dielectric particles in relative motion. We first adopt a microscopic model for harmonically oscillating particles at finite temperature T moving non-relativistically with constant velocity. We use a statistical-mechanical description where time-dependent correlations are involved. This description is physical and direct, and, in spite of its simplicity, is able to elucidate the essentials of the problem. This treatment elaborates upon, and extends, an earlier theory of ours back in 1992. The energy change Delta E turns out to be finite in general, corresponding to a finite friction force. In the limit of zero temperature the formalism yields, however, Delta E ->0, this being due to our assumption about constant velocity, meaning slowly varying coupling. For couplings varying more rapidly, there will also be a finite friction force at T=0. As second part of our work, we consider the friction problem using time-dependent perturbation theory. The dissipation, basically a second order effect, is obtainable with the use of first order theory, the reason being the absence of cross terms due to uncorrelated phases of eigenstates. The third part of the present paper is to demonstrate explicitly the equivalence of our results with those recently obtained by Barton (2010); this being not a trivial task since the formal results are seemingly quite different from each other.

  14. Wind LCA Harmonization (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL recently led the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Harmonization Project, a study that provides more exact estimates of GHG emissions for renewable and conventional generation, clarifying inconsistent and conflicting estimates in the published literature, and reducing uncertainty. This involved a systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems in order to determine the causes of life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and, where possible, reduce variability in GHG estimates.

  15. Harmonic entanglement with second-order non-linearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolai B. Grosse; Warwick P. Bowen; Kirk McKenzie; Ping Koy Lam

    2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the second-order non-linear interaction as a means to generate entanglement between fields of differing wavelengths. And show that perfect entanglement can, in principle, be produced between the fundamental and second harmonic fields in these processes. Neither pure second harmonic generation, nor parametric oscillation optimally produce entanglement, such optimal entanglement is rather produced by an intermediate process. An experimental demonstration of these predictions should be imminently feasible.

  16. Calculation of Massless Feynman Integrals using Harmonic Sums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Bekavac

    2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for the evaluation of the epsilon expansion of multi-loop massless Feynman integrals is introduced. This method is based on the Gegenbauer polynomial technique and the expansion of the Gamma function in terms of harmonic sums. Algorithms for the evaluation of nested and harmonic sums are used to reduce the expressions to get analytical or numerical results for the expansion coefficients. Methods to increase the precision of numerical results are discussed.

  17. Fast optimal frictionless atom cooling in harmonic traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi Chen; A. Ruschhaupt; S. Schmidt; A. del Campo; D. Guery-Odelin; J. G. Muga

    2009-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is proposed to cool down atoms in a harmonic trap without phase-space compression as in a perfectly slow adiabatic expansion, i.e., keeping the populations of the instantaneous initial and final levels invariant, but in a much shorter time. This may require that the harmonic trap becomes an expulsive parabolic potential in some time interval. The cooling times achieved are also shorter than previous minimal times using optimal-control bang-bang methods and real frequencies.

  18. Harmonic generation of gravitational wave induced Alfven waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Forsberg; Gert Brodin

    2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we consider the nonlinear evolution of Alfven waves that have been excited by gravitational waves from merging binary pulsars. We derive a wave equation for strongly nonlinear and dispersive Alfven waves. Due to the weak dispersion of the Alfven waves, significant wave steepening can occur, which in turn implies strong harmonic generation. We find that the harmonic generation is saturated due to dispersive effects, and use this to estimate the resulting spectrum. Finally we discuss the possibility of observing the above process.

  19. Current Generated Harmonics and Their Effect Upon Electrical Industrial Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, H. R.; Rogge, D. S.

    of the nonlinear loads with respect to that system. The distortion increases as the percentage of nonlinear loads increases. (2) PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED WITH HARMONICS High Neutral Conductor Currcnts Perhaps the dominant harmonic problem encountered... in commercial facilities and some industrial plants has been the overheating of neutral conductors of 3-phase, 4-wire branch and feeder distribution systems. In a balanced, 3-phase, 4-wire wye system with phase-to-ncutral linear loads, the neutral current...

  20. Bill Lewis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    William A. Lewis, Jr. was appointed Deputy Director of the Office of Civil Rights and Diversity in October 2005. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Lewis was named Director, Office of Employee Concerns...

  1. Linear harmonic analysis of Stirling engine thermodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, N.C.J.; Griffin, F.P.; West, C.D.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis involves linearization of the pressure waveform and represents each term in the conservation equations by a truncated Fourier series, including enthalpy flux discontinuity. Second-Law analysis is presented of four important loss mechanisms that result from adiabatic cylinders, transient heat transfer in semiadiabatic cylinders, pressure drop through the heat exchangers, and gas leakage from the compression space. The four loss mechanisms, all leading to efficiency reduction below the Carnot level, are characterized by irreversible thermodynamic processes that occur when heat is transferred across a finite temperature difference; when gases at two different temperatures are mixed; or when there is a mass flow through a pressure difference. The allocation of each individual loss mechanism is derived precisely in terms of entropy production but evaluated by use of pressure, temperature, and mass oscillations calculated from the linear harmonic approximation. When the theory is applied to an engine of Sunpower's RE-1000 dimensions, it reveals clearly that the adiabatic loss (due to temperature fluctuations in the cylinders) consists of two components: gas mixing and heat transfer across a temperature difference. The theory further shows that the adiabatic effect is more important than the transient heat transfer loss if the gas-to-cylinder heat transfer rate is small (i.e., nearly adiabatic conditions); the reverse is true for intermediate heat transfer rates; and both losses vanish at very high heat transfer rates. In addition, entropy analyses of pressure drop and mass leakage for isothermal cylinders shed some light on coupling between the different individual loss mechanisms.

  2. Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance of Second Harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, Andy

    Numerical Analysis of Fifth-Harmonic Conversion of Low-Power Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser with Resonance of Second Harmonic Lien-Bee CHANG1Ã? , S. C. WANG1 and A. H. KUNG1;2 1 Institute of Electro March 13, 2003) A model for the fifth-harmonic generation of pulsed IR lasers involving an external ring

  3. NASA Chat: Stay `Up All Night' to Watch the Perseids! Experts Dr. Bill Cooke, Danielle Moser and Rhiannon Blaauw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Rhiannon Blaauw August 11, 2012 at the Moon. Victoria_C.: Because we pass through the cloud every year, does the amount of meteors decline. Victoria_C.: Why do meteors fall more on one night than different nights? Bill: On certain nights

  4. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; Darghouth, Naim R.; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate.

  5. Senate Bill No. 34 An act to add Sections 2069, 2099, and 2099.5 to the Fish and Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2010.] legislative counsel's digest SB 34, Padilla. Energy: solar thermal and photovoltaic powerplants to certify a thermal powerplant with the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission to commencing the construction of a thermal powerplant, as defined. This bill would require the Energy

  6. FY2013Appropriations Update: House andSenate Committees ApproveEnergy-WaterDevelopment AppropriationsBill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the House of Representatives from last summer's debt limit agreement, the Budget Control Act of 2011, which allocation. The priorities for the House bill include DOE's nuclear security programs, programs to address water infrastructure, clean energy technologies, and nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear weapons

  7. Developing Alternative Markets for peach cull fruit --A new Michigan State University GREEEN project -Bill Shane and Tom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developing Alternative Markets for peach cull fruit -- A new Michigan State University GREEEN project - Bill Shane and Tom Zabadal, Michigan State University Michigan's fresh market peach crop Michigan peaches to make wine and brandy but the high costs of removing pits by hand have hampered this use

  8. Help save the Earth (and pay your bills)... Specialist in Earth System Modeling at UC Irvine. Posted March 1, 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    model simulations at the newly established Earth System Modeling Facility (www System Modeling at UC Irvine. Posted March 1, 2004. The Department of Earth System Science (ESS) at UCHelp save the Earth (and pay your bills)... Scientific Programmer Needed! Specialist in Earth

  9. Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs): _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 6. Date of birth: (month, day, year): Page 1 of 3 Eligibility: You are eligible for this scholarship; and You are proficient in at least two languages; and You are able to demonstrate 1) outstanding academic

  10. Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Application for theAnn and Bill Fisher Graduate Scholarship 1. Your name Mr. Miss, Ms., Mrs): _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ 5. Date of birth: (month, day, year): Page 1 of 3 Eligibility: You are eligible for this scholarship, and You are proficient in at least two languages, and You are able to demonstrate 1)outstanding academic

  11. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  12. Audit of joint owner costing and billing practices, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richards, J.R.

    1986-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The review showed a need for the Department to revise and strengthen cash management and cost allocation procedures and practices for jointly shared Reserve operating costs funded by the Government. The procedures and practices in effect for processing Joint Owner costs, billings and collections do not permit the Government to receive full advantage of the time value of money paid in behalf of Chevron or provide for the full sharing of all costs incurred by the Government to absorb unnecessary interest and operating costs since assuming responsibility for funding Reserve operations in October 1975. It is estimated that the Department would benefit by over $3 million per year if our recommendations in these areas are fully implemented.

  13. RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

  14. Dynamics of harmonically-confined systems: Some rigorous results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Zhigang, E-mail: zwu@physics.queensu.ca; Zaremba, Eugene, E-mail: zaremba@sparky.phy.queensu.ca

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider the dynamics of harmonically-confined atomic gases. We present various general results which are independent of particle statistics, interatomic interactions and dimensionality. Of particular interest is the response of the system to external perturbations which can be either static or dynamic in nature. We prove an extended Harmonic Potential Theorem which is useful in determining the damping of the centre of mass motion when the system is prepared initially in a highly nonequilibrium state. We also study the response of the gas to a dynamic external potential whose position is made to oscillate sinusoidally in a given direction. We show in this case that either the energy absorption rate or the centre of mass dynamics can serve as a probe of the optical conductivity of the system. -- Highlights: •We derive various rigorous results on the dynamics of harmonically-confined atomic gases. •We derive an extension of the Harmonic Potential Theorem. •We demonstrate the link between the energy absorption rate in a harmonically-confined system and the optical conductivity.

  15. Higher harmonics increase LISA's mass reach for supermassive black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. G. Arun; Bala R. Iyer; B. S. Sathyaprakash; Siddhartha Sinha

    2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Current expectations on the signal to noise ratios and masses of supermassive black holes which the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) can observe are based on using in matched filtering only the dominant harmonic of the inspiral waveform at twice the orbital frequency. Other harmonics will affect the signal-to-noise ratio of systems currently believed to be observable by LISA. More significantly, inclusion of other harmonics in our matched filters would mean that more massive systems that were previously thought to be {\\it not} visible in LISA should be detectable with reasonable SNRs. Our estimates show that we should be able to significantly increase the mass reach of LISA and observe the more commonly occurring supermassive black holes of masses $\\sim 10^8M_\\odot.$ More specifically, with the inclusion of all known harmonics LISA will be able to observe even supermassive black hole coalescences with total mass $\\sim 10^8 M_\\odot (10^9M_\\odot)$ (and mass-ratio 0.1) for a low frequency cut-off of $10^{-4}{\\rm Hz}$ $(10^{-5}{\\rm Hz})$ with an SNR up to $\\sim 60$ $(\\sim 30)$ at a distance of 3 Gpc. This is important from the astrophysical viewpoint since observational evidence for the existence of black holes in this mass range is quite strong and binaries containing such supermassive black holes will be inaccessible to LISA if one uses as detection templates only the dominant harmonic.

  16. Harmonic entanglement in a degenerate parametric down conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sintayehu Tesfa

    2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the harmonic entanglement and squeezing in a two-mode radiation produced in a degenerate parametric down conversion process coupled to a two-mode vacuum reservoir employing the linearization procedure. It is found that there is a quadrature entanglement between the harmonically related fundamental and second-harmonic modes and the superimposed radiation exhibits a significant two-mode squeezing. The entanglement exits even when there is no two-mode squeezing, since the correlation leading to these phenomena are essentially different. In addition, the more the external coherent light is down converted, the more stronger the entanglement and mean photon number of the two-mode radiation would be which is not generally true for squeezing.

  17. Unitary approach to the quantum forced harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Velasco-Martinez; V. G. Ibarra-Sierra; J. C. Sandoval-Santana; J. L. Cardoso; A. Kunold

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce an alternative approach to studying the evolution of a quantum harmonic oscillator subject to an arbitrary time dependent force. With the purpose of finding the evolution operator, certain unitary transformations are applied successively to Schr\\"odinger's equation reducing it to its simplest form. Therefore, instead of solving the original Schr\\"odinger's partial differential equation in time and space the problem is replaced by a system of ordinary differential equations. From the obtained evolution operator we workout the propagator. Even though we illustrate the use of unitary transformations on the solution of a forced harmonic oscillator, the method presented here might be used to solve more complex systems. The present work addresses many aspects regarding unitary transformations and the dynamics of a forced quantum harmonic oscillator that should be useful for students and tutors of the quantum mechanics courses at the senior undergraduate and graduate level.

  18. Harmonic measurements made on the upgraded New Zealand inter-island HVdc transmission system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, A.J.V.; Dewe, M.B. (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces the recent upgrade to the New Zealand inter-island HVdc transmission system. It then details the procedure of one of several tests conducted to measure harmonic levels created by the upgraded transmission system. Harmonic levels were measured using the CHART (Continuous Harmonic Analysis in Real-Time) harmonic monitoring instrumentation. The connection of CHART to the high voltage network and its configuration during the test is discussed. A sample of results gathered while monitoring are presented, including characteristic harmonics of the converter, and maximum voltage and current levels up to the 50th harmonic for each of the three a.c. phases. During the tests one of the two a.c. harmonic filters was switched out to observe its effect on harmonic levels. It was found that with both a.c. harmonic filters operating, most harmonic levels were lower than with only one filter operating. However some harmonic levels, namely the 4th harmonic, were larger with both filters operating. The paper is concluded with a discussion of the results and of the difficulties encountered in measuring harmonics of very low level.

  19. Bi-harmonic cantilever design for improved measurement sensitivity in tapping-mode atomic force microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loganathan, Muthukumaran; Bristow, Douglas A., E-mail: dbristow@mst.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a method and cantilever design for improving the mechanical measurement sensitivity in the atomic force microscopy (AFM) tapping mode. The method uses two harmonics in the drive signal to generate a bi-harmonic tapping trajectory. Mathematical analysis demonstrates that the wide-valley bi-harmonic tapping trajectory is as much as 70% more sensitive to changes in the sample topography than the standard single-harmonic trajectory typically used. Although standard AFM cantilevers can be driven in the bi-harmonic tapping trajectory, they require large forcing at the second harmonic. A design is presented for a bi-harmonic cantilever that has a second resonant mode at twice its first resonant mode, thereby capable of generating bi-harmonic trajectories with small forcing signals. Bi-harmonic cantilevers are fabricated by milling a small cantilever on the interior of a standard cantilever probe using a focused ion beam. Bi-harmonic drive signals are derived for standard cantilevers and bi-harmonic cantilevers. Experimental results demonstrate better than 30% improvement in measurement sensitivity using the bi-harmonic cantilever. Images obtained through bi-harmonic tapping exhibit improved sharpness and surface tracking, especially at high scan speeds and low force fields.

  20. Cascaded Cerenkov third-harmonic generation in random quadratic media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayoub, Mousa; Roedig, Philip; Imbrock, Joerg; Denz, Cornelia [Institute of Applied Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science (CeNoS), Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 2, 48149 Muenster (Germany)

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate experimentally and theoretically the conical emission of Cerenkov-type third-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate of random 2D-{chi}{sup (2)} distribution. The azimuthal intensity distribution is explained by the polarization properties of the fundamental and Cerenkov second-harmonic waves, depending on the cascaded origin of the generation process. Moreover, we show the role of the individual domain shape in an additional modulation on the conical emission, controlled by the electrical switching of the spontaneous polarization of the ferroelectric medium.

  1. High-order harmonic generation in a capillary discharge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.; Kapteyn, Henry C.; Mumane, Margaret M.; Gaudiosi, David; Grisham, Michael E.; Popmintchev, Tenio V.; Reagan, Brendan A.

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A pre-ionized medium created by a capillary discharge results in more efficient use of laser energy in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from ions. It extends the cutoff photon energy, and reduces the distortion of the laser pulse as it propagates down the waveguide. The observed enhancements result from a combination of reduced ionization energy loss and reduced ionization-induced defocusing of the driving laser as well as waveguiding of the driving laser pulse. The discharge plasma also provides a means to spectrally tune the harmonics by tailoring the initial level of ionization of the medium.

  2. Harmonic mean, the Gamma factor and Speed of Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandru Iyer

    2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between the harmonic mean and special relativity is concisely elucidated. The arguments in favor and against SRT are explored. It is shown that the ratio of the speed of light to the harmonic mean of the onward and return speeds of light in a moving frame under Newtonian mechanics, when equitably distributed between space and time as a correction, leads to the Lorentz transformation. This correction implies an apparent contraction of objects and time dilation. However, the symmetry of the onward and inverse transformations give a different meaning to the gamma factor

  3. On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary

    2012-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.

  4. Harmonic analysis on a galois field and its subfields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Vourdas

    2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex functions $\\chi (m)$ where $m$ belongs to a Galois field $GF(p^ \\ell)$, are considered. Fourier transforms, displacements in the $GF(p^ \\ell) \\times GF(p^ \\ell)$ phase space and symplectic $Sp(2,GF(p^ \\ell))$ transforms of these functions are studied. It is shown that the formalism inherits many features from the theory of Galois fields. For example, Frobenius transformations are defined which leave fixed all functions $h(n)$ where $n$ belongs to a subfield $GF(p^ d)$ of the $GF(p^ \\ell)$. The relationship between harmonic analysis (or quantum mechanics) on $GF(p^ \\ell)$ and harmonic analysis on its subfields, is studied.

  5. Constraint damping in the Z4 formulation and harmonic gauge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carsten Gundlach; Jose M. Martin-Garcia; Gioel Calabrese; Ian Hinder

    2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that by adding suitable lower-order terms to the Z4 formulation of the Einstein equations, all constraint violations except constant modes are damped. This makes the Z4 formulation a particularly simple example of a lambda-system as suggested by Brodbeck et al. We also show that the Einstein equations in harmonic coordinates can be obtained from the Z4 formulation by a change of variables that leaves the implied constraint evolution system unchanged. Therefore the same method can be used to damp all constraints in the Einstein equations in harmonic gauge.

  6. BLIND HARMONIC ADAPTIVE DECOMPOSITION APPLIED TO SUPERVISED SOURCE Benoit Fuentes, Roland Badeau, Gal Richard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BLIND HARMONIC ADAPTIVE DECOMPOSITION APPLIED TO SUPERVISED SOURCE SEPARATION Benoit Fuentes through an algorithm called Blind Harmonic Adaptive Decomposition (BHAD). This algorithm provides [1]. However, performing this task in a completely blind way remains challenging, basically due

  7. Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalang, Robert C.

    Ultrasensitive Optical Shape Characterization of Gold Nanoantennas Using Second Harmonic Generation for the sensitive optical characterization of plasmonic nanostructures. Furthermore, defects located where on the second harmonic signal. KEYWORDS: Plasmonics, nonlinear optics, surface integral formulation, realistic

  8. Wideband phased array antennas and compact, harmonic-suppressed microstrip filters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Wen-Hua

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Since the electromagnetic spectrum is limited and has to be shared, interference is getting serious as more and more wireless applications emerge. Filters are key components to prevent harmonic interference. The harmonic signals can be suppressed...

  9. Wideband phased array antennas and compact, harmonic-suppressed microstrip filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Wen-Hua

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Since the electromagnetic spectrum is limited and has to be shared, interference is getting serious as more and more wireless applications emerge. Filters are key components to prevent harmonic interference. The harmonic signals can be suppressed...

  10. Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity Tim P. Boyer and Sydney Levitus Ocean: Boyer, T. P., and S. Levitus, Harmonic analysis of climatological sea surface salinity, J. Geophys. Res

  11. Fault Detection and Diagnostics for Non-Intrusive Monitoring Using Motor Harmonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orji, Uzoma A.

    Harmonic analysis of motor current has been used to track the speed of motors for sensorless control. Algorithms exist that track the speed of a motor given a dedicated stator current measurement, for example. Harmonic ...

  12. The homeownership gap : how the post-world War II GI bill shaped modern day homeownership patterns for black and white Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenna, Cyd

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the GI Bill, was a transformative piece of legislation signed by President Roosevelt intended to help WWII Veterans transition successfully from soldier to citizen. ...

  13. Texas Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: An Overview of Legislative Responsibilities, Code Compliance Issues and Accomplishments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Bryant, J. A.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 77th Texas Legislature, in 2001, established Senate Bill 5, SB-5, which addressed NOx emission reductions by establishing programs to reduce vehicle emissions and reductions due to energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources...

  14. Improved gauge driver for the generalized harmonic Einstein system Lee Lindblom and Bela Szilagyi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindblom, Lee

    Improved gauge driver for the generalized harmonic Einstein system Lee Lindblom and Be´la Szila´gyi

  15. A three-phase converter model for harmonic analysis of HVDC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, W.; Drakos, J.E.; Mansour, Y.; Chang, A. (B.C. Hydro, Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An equivalent circuit model is presented to model bridge converters for three-phase HVDC harmonic power flow analysis. The validity and accuracy of the model are verified by comparing simulation results against field test results. The model is interfaced with a multiphase harmonic load flow program to investigate the generation of non-characteristic harmonics from HVDC links and the flow of HVDC harmonics in a real system.

  16. Wave kernels for the Dirac, Euler operators and the harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohameden, Ahmedou Yahya Ould, E-mail: ahmeddou2011@yahoo.fr; Moustapha, Mohamed Vall Ould, E-mail: khames@univ-nkc.mr [Université des Sciences, de Technologie et de la Medécine (USTM) Faculté des Sciences et Techniques. Département de Mathématiques et Informatique, Unité de Recherche: Analyse, EDP et Modélisation: (AEDPM) B.P: 5026, Nouakchott-Mauritanie (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Explicit solutions for the wave equations associated to the Dirac, Euler operators and the harmonic oscillator are given.

  17. Enhanced Harmonic Up-Conversion Using a Hybrid HGHG-EEHG Scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marksteiner, Quinn R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bishofberger, Kip A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlsten, Bruce E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Freund, Henry P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yampolsky, Nikolai A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a novel harmonic generation scheme which can be used, for a given desired harmonic, to achieve higher bunching factors, weaker chicanes, and/or less final energy spread than can be achieved using Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation. This scheme only requires a single laser with relatively low power, and is a hybrid of High-Gain Harmonic Generation and EEHG. We present a design of this scheme applied to the Next Generation Light Source (NGLS).

  18. Web-assisted tunneling in the kicked harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André R. R. Carvalho; Andreas Buchleitner

    2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that heating of harmonically trapped ions by periodic delta kicks is dramatically enhanced at isolated values of the Lamb-Dicke parameter. At these values, quasienergy eigenstates localized on island structures undergo avoided crossings with extended web-states.

  19. LOWPASS BROADBAND HARMONIC FILTER DESIGN A THESIS SUBMITTED TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hava, Ahmet

    . Nevzat ÖZAY METU, (EE) _____________________ Dr. Ahmet Erbil NALÇACI (Energy Market Regulatory Authority regulation, energy efficiency, size, and cost. The parallel/series harmonic resonance problem related issues/currents. Thus, the size and the performance of the filter can be optimized. The analytical method is verified

  20. HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    1 NSTX HHFW (High Harmonic Fast Wave) Eddy Current Analysis for Antenna NSTX-CALC-24-03-01 June 1 performed.) The model was first built for NSTX to verify the eddy current effect on antenna during plasma force of the induced eddy current in the components. The force data was transferred to the structural

  1. Classical thermodynamics of particles in harmonic traps Martin Ligarea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ligare, Martin

    , and the heat capacities. I also consider cyclic thermodynamic processes in a harmonically confined gas. © 2010 of state for a gas of N noninteract- ing particles in a rigid volume V is derived in almost every text and pressure vary with position within such traps, and the volume of the gas is not well defined

  2. Valency of Harmonic Mappings onto Bounded Convex Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-30-82T23:59:59.000Z

    [11] considered harmonic mappings of D to K that extend continuously to n- valent sense-preserving ..... ?3(u) = 8(1 + 35u)3?2(u) + 27(13u ? 1)(1 + 3u)3. Note that ?3(0) = ?3 = 0; ..... conjecture of H. S. Shapiro, Math. Proc. Cambridge Phil.

  3. SPEECH ENHANCEMENT USING HARMONIC REGENERATION Cyril Plapous 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SPEECH ENHANCEMENT USING HARMONIC REGENERATION Cyril Plapous 1 , Claude Marro 1 , Pascal Scalart 2 in enhanced speech because of the non reliability of estimators for small signal- to-noise ratios. We propose The problem of enhancing speech degraded by additive noise, when only the noisy speech is available, has been

  4. Harmonic superspace formalism and the consistent chiral anomaly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, W.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The harmonic superspace formalism has been used to construct the consistent chiral anomaly in N = 1, d = 6 supersymmetric Yang-Mills thoery. The expressions of the gauge anomaly ..delta../sub s//sup phi/ and of the supersymmetric anomaly ..delta../sub SUSY//sup phi/ are given together with the consistent condition. 7 refs.

  5. Sliding-mode amplitude control techniques for harmonic oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marquart, Chad A.

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    signal operating at frequencies ranging from 170 MHz to 2.1 GHz. Total harmonic distortion is maintained below 0:8% for an oscillation amplitude of 2 Vpp over the entire tuning range. Phase noise is measured as -105.6 dBc/Hz at 1.135 GHz with a 1 MHz...

  6. Generation of harmonics and supercontinuum in nematic liquid crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyushkov, B N; Trashkeev, S I; Klementyev, Vasilii M; Pivtsov, V S; Kobtsev, Sergey M

    2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonlinear optical properties of nematic liquid crystals (NLC) have been investigated. A technique for efficient laser frequency conversion in a microscopic NLC volume deposited on an optical fibre end face is experimentally demonstrated. An efficient design of a compact NLC-based IR frequency converter with a fibre input and achromatic collimator is proposed and implemented. Simultaneous generation of the second and third harmonics is obtained for the first time under pumping NLC by a 1.56-mm femtosecond fibre laser. The second-harmonic generation efficiency is measured to be about 1 %, while the efficiency of third-harmonic generation is several tenths of percent. A strong polarisation dependence of the third-harmonic generation efficiency is revealed. When pumping NLC by a cw laser, generation of spectral supercontinua (covering the visible and near-IR spectral ranges) is observed. The nonlinear effects revealed can be due to the light-induced change in the orientational order in liquid crystals, which breaks the initial symmetry and leads to formation of disclination structures. The NLC optical nonlinearity is believed to be of mixed orientationalelectronic nature as a whole. (laser optics 2012)

  7. -okfl ^ ORNL/CON-172 Linear Harmonic Analysis of Free-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Stirling Engines N. C. J. Chen F. P. Griffin OPERATED BY MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. #12;ORNL/CON-172 Engineering Technology Division* LINEAR HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF FREE-PISTON STIRLING/dynamic problem that is associated with a free-piston Stirling engine (FPSE). The governing equations

  8. Noncommutative Harmonic Oscillator at Finite Temperature: A Path Integral Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Jahan

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the path integral approach to a two-dimensional noncommutative harmonic oscillator to derive the partition function of the system at finite temperature. It is shown that the result based on the Lagrangian formulation of the problem, coincides with the Hamiltonian derivation of the partition function.

  9. On the harmonic oscillator realisation of q-oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Gangopadhyay; A. P. Isaev

    2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The general version of the bosonic harmonic oscillator realisation of bosonic q-oscillators is given. It is shown that the currently known realisation is a special case of our general solution. The investigation has been performed at the Laboratory of theoretical Physics,JINR.

  10. Generalized harmonic spatial coordinates and hyperbolic shift conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miguel Alcubierre; Alejandro Corichi; José A. González; Darío Núñez; Bernd Reimann; Marcelo Salgado

    2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a generalization of the condition for harmonic spatial coordinates analogous to the generalization of the harmonic time slices introduced by Bona et al., and closely related to dynamic shift conditions recently proposed by Lindblom and Scheel, and Bona and Palenzuela. These generalized harmonic spatial coordinates imply a condition for the shift vector that has the form of an evolution equation for the shift components. We find that in order to decouple the slicing condition from the evolution equation for the shift it is necessary to use a rescaled shift vector. The initial form of the generalized harmonic shift condition is not spatially covariant, but we propose a simple way to make it fully covariant so that it can be used in coordinate systems other than Cartesian. We also analyze the effect of the shift condition proposed here on the hyperbolicity of the evolution equations of general relativity in 1+1 dimensions and 3+1 spherical symmetry, and study the possible development of blow-ups. Finally, we perform a series of numerical experiments to illustrate the behavior of this shift condition.

  11. Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Strong Second Harmonic Generation from the Tantalum Thioarsenates A3Ta2AsS11 (A K and Rb) Home Author: T.K. Bera, J.I. Jang, J.B. Ketterson, M.G. Kanatzidis Year: 2009 Abstract:...

  12. Linear harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. A. Gromov

    2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    With the help of contraction method we study the harmonic oscillator in spaces with degenerate metrics, namely, on Galilei plane and in the flat 3D Cayley-Klein spaces $R_3(j_2,j_3).$ It is shown that the inner degrees of freedom are appeared which physical dimensions are different from the dimension of the space.

  13. Harmonic Superfields in N=4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny A. Ivanov

    2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a brief survey of applications of the harmonic superspace methods to the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SQM). The main focus is on a recent progress in constructing SQM models with couplings to the background non-Abelian gauge fields. Besides reviewing and systemizing the relevant results, we present some new examples and make clarifying comments.

  14. Harmonic analysis of the Ha velocity field of NGC 4254

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Chemin; Olivier Hernandez; Chantal Balkowski; Claude Carignan; Philippe Amram

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The ionized gas kinematics of the Virgo Cluster galaxy NGC 4254 (Messier 99) is analyzed by an harmonic decomposition of the velocity field into Fourier coefficients. The aims of this study are to measure the kinematical asymmetries of Virgo cluster galaxies and to connect them to the environment. The analysis reveals significant $m=1,2,4$ terms which origins are discussed.

  15. Analytic and algorithmic aspects of generalized harmonic sums and polylogarithms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablinger, Jakob; Schneider, Carsten [Research Institute for Symbolic Computation (RISC), Johannes Kepler University, Altenbergerstraße 69, A-4040, Linz (Austria)] [Research Institute for Symbolic Computation (RISC), Johannes Kepler University, Altenbergerstraße 69, A-4040, Linz (Austria); Blümlein, Johannes [Deutsches Elektronen–Synchrotron, DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)] [Deutsches Elektronen–Synchrotron, DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent three-loop calculations of massive Feynman integrals within Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and, e.g., in recent combinatorial problems the so-called generalized harmonic sums (in short S-sums) arise. They are characterized by rational (or real) numerator weights also different from ±1. In this article we explore the algorithmic and analytic properties of these sums systematically. We work out the Mellin and inverse Mellin transform which connects the sums under consideration with the associated Poincaré iterated integrals, also called generalized harmonic polylogarithms. In this regard, we obtain explicit analytic continuations by means of asymptotic expansions of the S-sums which started to occur frequently in current QCD calculations. In addition, we derive algebraic and structural relations, like differentiation with respect to the external summation index and different multi-argument relations, for the compactification of S-sum expressions. Finally, we calculate algebraic relations for infinite S-sums, or equivalently for generalized harmonic polylogarithms evaluated at special values. The corresponding algorithms and relations are encoded in the computer algebra package HarmonicSums.

  16. Real-Time Selective Harmonic Minimization in Cascaded Multilevel Inverters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    time but the output fundamental voltage will stay constant and the harmonic will still meet capability of generalizing solutions. What this means is that, if the correct range of data are used sources along with its operation as in a solar panel. This means that during a day of operation, the solar

  17. HARMONIC MOMENTS AND AN INVERSE PROBLEMS FOR THE HEAT EQUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3) with p HPm , where HPm = { harmonic polynomial of degree m } (m = 0, 1, 2, · · · ), 1 #12;2 BY MISHIO KAWASHITA, YAROSLAV KURYLEV AND HIDEO SOGA and all q HPm . In the paper we describe algorithms for an approximate reconstruction of given approximate integrals (1.4) with p, q HPm , m = 0, 1, 2

  18. ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    ANALYTIC MODEL OF HARMONIC GENERATION IN THE LOW-GAIN FEL REGIME G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J.S. Wurtele , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Harmonic generation using free electron lasers (FELs) requires with simulation results using the FEL code GENESIS, both for single stages of harmonic generation and for the LUX

  19. Source levels and harmonic content of whistles in white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Source levels and harmonic content of whistles in white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris of the 43 whistles contained an unequal number of harmonics recorded at the three hydrophones judging from of the fundamen- tal frequency is a harmonic Yost, 2000 . Rasmussen

  20. Dissipative quantum dynamics with the surrogate Hamiltonian approach. A comparison between spin and harmonic baths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Christiane

    and harmonic baths David Gelmana) Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics, Hebrew University to a spin bath and to a harmonic bath. Converged results are obtained for the spin bath by the surrogate. The results are compared to calculations that include a finite number of harmonic modes carried out by using

  1. HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX G. Penn, M. Reinsch, J. Wurtele , J.N. Corlett, W.M. Fawley, A stages of higher harmonic generation, seeded by a 200­250 nm laser of similar duration. This laser mod then produces ra- diation at a higher harmonic after entering a second, differ- ently tuned undulator. Repeated

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONSON PLASMA SCIENCE,VOL. 21, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1993 Phase-Matched Third Harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONSON PLASMA SCIENCE,VOL. 21, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1993 ~ 105 Phase-Matched Third Harmonic Generation in a Plasma J. M. Rax and N. J. Fisch Abstract-Relativistic third harmonic generationin a plasma is investigated. The growth of a third harmonic wave is limited by the difference between the phase velocity

  3. Optical Third-Harmonic Generation in Graphene Sung-Young Hong,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hone, James

    Optical Third-Harmonic Generation in Graphene Sung-Young Hong,1 Jerry I. Dadap,2,* Nicholas Petrone York 10027, USA (Received 8 April 2013; published 10 June 2013) We report strong third-harmonic verified. In addition, our polarization- and azimuthal-rotation-dependent third-harmonic

  4. Research Report Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Report Effects of attention on the neural processing of harmonic syntax in Western music) were recorded. The five-chord progressions included 61% harmonically expected cadences (I­I6 ­IV­V­I), 26% harmonically unexpected cadences (I­I6 ­IV­V­N6 ), and 13% with one of the five chords having

  5. 3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    3D Harmonic Mapping and Tetrahedral Meshing of Brain Imaging Data Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Paul algorithm finds a harmonic map from a 3-manifold to a 3D solid sphere and the second is a novel sphere of magnetic resonance images (MRI). A heat flow method is used to solve the volumetric harmonic mapping

  6. Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    Volumetric Harmonic Brain Mapping using a Variational Method Yalin Wang1 , Xianfeng Gu2 , Tony F investigation of 3D volumetric brain harmonic mapping. By transforming the full 3D brain volume to a solid volume to another. We suggest that 3D harmonic mapping of brain volumes to a solid sphere can provide

  7. High harmonic generation in relativistic laserplasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    High harmonic generation in relativistic laser­plasma interactiona... S. Banerjee,b) A. R of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 Received 2 November 2001; accepted 26 February 2002 High harmonics, in addition to the conventional atomic harmonics from bound electrons there is significant contribution

  8. Harmonic Modelling of Thyristor Bridges using a Simplified Time Domain Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehn, Peter W.

    1 Harmonic Modelling of Thyristor Bridges using a Simplified Time Domain Method P. W. Lehn, Senior form solution for the harmonic injection of the converter is developed. For the more general case model module takes as input the ac voltage harmonics at the point of common coupling and outputs

  9. Giant higher harmonic generation in mesoscopic metal wires and rings interrupted by tunnel junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    Giant higher harmonic generation in mesoscopic metal wires and rings interrupted by tunnel 5046, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands Received 19 December 1997 Higher harmonic generation in mesoscopic is biased with a sinusoidal varying current, we observe giant higher harmon- ics in the conductance

  10. Harmonic Analysis of a Three-Phase Diode Bridge Rectifier based on Sampled-Data Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehn, Peter W.

    Harmonic Analysis of a Three-Phase Diode Bridge Rectifier based on Sampled-Data Model K. L. Lian. As demonstrated in the paper, the proposed method analytically evaluates harmonics, and obtains exact switching is to incorporate it into a harmonic power flow program to yield improved accuracy. Index Terms-- Diode Bridge

  11. Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly resonant Kerr cavities Hila Hashemi,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonlinear harmonic generation and devices in doubly resonant Kerr cavities Hila Hashemi,1 Alejandro of the nonlinear dynamics of third-harmonic generation 3 via Kerr 3 nonlinearities in a resonant cavity harmonic generation, by a factor of V/Q2 , where V is the modal volume and Q is the lifetime, and can even

  12. A Harmonic Approach for Calculating Daily Temperature Normals Constrained by2 Homogenized Monthly Temperature Normals3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 1 A Harmonic Approach for Calculating Daily Temperature Normals Constrained by2 Homogenized a constrained harmonic technique that forces the daily30 temperature normals to be consistent with the monthly, or harmonic even though the annual march of temperatures for some locations can be highly asymmetric. Here, we

  13. HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    HARMONIC CASCADE FEL DESIGNS FOR LUX, A FACILTY FOR ULTRAFAST X-RAY SCIENCE J. Corlett, W. Fawley. We also discuss lattice considerations pertinent to harmonic cascade FELs, somesensitivity studies. While much of this effort has been concentrated upon SASE-based FEL's, there is an alternative "harmonic

  14. Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a MachZehnder interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    Harmonic phase-dispersion microscope with a Mach­Zehnder interferometer Andrew Ahn, Changhuei Yang S. Feld Harmonic phase-dispersion microscopy (PDM) is a new imaging technique in which contrast is provided by differences in refractive index at two harmonically related wavelengths. We report a new

  15. Very-high-order harmonic generation from Ar atoms and Ar+ ions in superintense pulsed laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    Very-high-order harmonic generation from Ar atoms and Ar+ ions in superintense pulsed laser fields-high-order harmonic generation HHG from Ar atoms and Ar+ ions by means of the self-interaction-free time-order harmonic generation HHG is one of the most rapidly developing topics in the field of laser-atom molecule

  16. Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Second and Fourth Harmonic Frequencies in Electric Field-Induced Liquid Crystal Reorientations of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA The second and fourth harmonics of low frequency electric field-optical modulation; liquid crystal; second and fourth harmonics 1. INTRODUCTION Nematic liquid crystal (LC) has been

  17. High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    High-harmonic generation in plasmas from relativistic laser-electron scattering S. Banerjee, A. R Results are presented on the generation of high harmonics through the scattering of relativistic electrons to be the emission of even- order harmonics, linear dependence on the electron density, significant amount

  18. Ultrafast Third Harmonic Micro-spectroscopy Reveals a Two-Photon Resonance in Human Hemoglobin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    Ultrafast Third Harmonic Micro-spectroscopy Reveals a Two-Photon Resonance in Human Hemoglobin G Golden, CO 80401 Abstract The recently developed technique of ultrafast third harmonic generation (THG states in physiological solutions of human hemoglobin. Keywords: Third Harmonic Generation, Micro

  19. Search for Harmonic tremor in the Galapagos Jonathan M. Lees, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geist, Dennis

    Search for Harmonic tremor in the Galapagos Jonathan M. Lees, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Harmonic volcano tremor can provide details of conduit physics during magma flow and volcano.71.2 Hz. Harmonic tremor has not been reported on Galapagos volcanoes, possibly because seismic

  20. Study on higher harmonic suppression using edge filter and polished Si wafer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, R. K., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Singh, Amol, E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Modi, Mohammed H., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in; Lodha, G. S., E-mail: rkg@rrcat.gov.in [X-ray Optics Section, ISU Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore-452013 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher harmonics contamination is a severe problem in synchrotron beamlines where grating monochromators are used. In these beamlines, absorption edge filters and critical angle mirrors are used to suppress the harmonic contaminations. In the present study, carried out using Indus-1 reflectivity beamline, a harmonic suppression characteristic of Al edge filter and polished silicon wafer are determined. It is found that the Al filter suppresses higher harmonics in 2–7% range whereas the polished silicon wafer can suppress the higher harmonics below 1%. The results of comparative study are discussed.

  1. Calculation of HVDC converter noncharacteristic harmonics using digital time-domain simulation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarshar, A. [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada)] [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada); Iravani, M.R.; Li, J. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, noncharacteristic harmonics of an HVdc converter station are calculated based on the use of digital time-domain simulation methods. An enhanced version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is used for the studies. The noncharacteristic harmonics of interest are (1) the dc side triplen harmonics, and (2) the ac side second harmonic. Impacts of loading conditions, neutral filter, and converter firing angle on the dc side triplen harmonics are discussed. Effects of ac side network parameters, static VAR compensator (SVC), transformer half-cycle saturation, and Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) on the ac side second harmonic instability are also presented. This paper concludes that the digital time-domain simulation method provides significant flexibility for accurate prediction of (1) generation mechanism, and (2) adverse impacts of HVdc noncharacteristic harmonics.

  2. Estimating the Energy, Demand and Cost Savings from a Geothermal Heat Pump ESPC Project at Fort Polk, LA Through Utility Bill Analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shonder, John A [ORNL; Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) are a method of financing energy conservation projects using the energy cost savings generated by the conservation measures themselves. Ideally, reduced energy costs are visible as reduced utility bills, but in fact this is not always the case. On large military bases, for example, a single electric meter typically covers hundreds of individual buildings. Savings from an ESPC involving only a small number of these buildings will have little effect on the overall utility bill. In fact, changes in mission, occupancy, and energy prices could cause substantial increases in utility bills. For this reason, other, more practical, methods have been developed to measure and verify savings in ESPC projects. Nevertheless, increasing utility bills--when ESPCs are expected to be reducing them--are problematic and can lead some observers to question whether savings are actually being achieved. In this paper, the authors use utility bill analysis to determine energy, demand, and cost savings from an ESPC project that installed geothermal heat pumps in the family housing areas of the military base at Fort Polk, Louisiana. The savings estimates for the first year after the retrofits were found to be in substantial agreement with previous estimates that were based on submetered data. However, the utility bills also show that electrical use tended to increase as time went on. Since other data show that the energy use in family housing has remained about the same over the period, the authors conclude that the savings from the ESPC have persisted, and increases in electrical use must be due to loads unassociated with family housing. This shows that under certain circumstances, and with the proper analysis, utility bills can be used to estimate savings from ESPC projects. However, these circumstances are rare and over time the comparison may be invalidated by increases in energy use in areas unaffected by the ESPC.

  3. Completion report harmonic analysis of electrical distribution systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolbert, L.M.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Harmonic currents have increased dramatically in electrical distribution systems in the last few years due to the growth in non-linear loads found in most electronic devices. Because electrical systems have been designed for linear voltage and current waveforms; (i.e. nearly sinusoidal), non-linear loads can cause serious problems such as overheating conductors or transformers, capacitor failures, inadvertent circuit breaker tripping, or malfunction of electronic equipment. The U.S. Army Center for Public Works has proposed a study to determine what devices are best for reducing or eliminating the effects of harmonics on power systems typical of those existing in their Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence (C3I) sites.

  4. All-Optical Field-Induced Second-Harmonic Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Roderick B; Ziegler, Jed I; Avanesyan, Sergey M; Lawrie, Ben J; Haglund, Richard F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient frequency modulation techniques are crucial to the development of plasmonic metasurfaces for information processing and energy conversion. Nanoscale electric-field confinement in optically pumped plasmonic structures enables stronger nonlinear susceptibilities than are attainable in bulk materials. The interaction of three distinct electric fields in (chi)^3 optical processes allows for all-optical modulation of nonlinear signals. Here we demonstrate effcient third-order second harmonic generation (SHG) in a serrated nanogap plasmonic geometry that generates steep electric field gradients within a dielectric material. We utilize an ultrafast optical pump to control the plasmonically induced electric-fields and to generate bandwidth-limited ultrafast second-harmonic pulses driven by the control pulses. The combination of plasmonic metasurfaces with all-optical control and the freedom to choose the dielectric allow multiple generalizations of this concept and geometry to other four-wave mixing process...

  5. Freely floating structures trapping time-harmonic water waves (revisited)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolay Kuznetsov; Oleg Motygin

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the coupled small-amplitude motion of the mechanical system consisting of infinitely deep water and a structure immersed in it. The former is bounded above by a free surface, whereas the latter is formed by an arbitrary finite number of surface-piercing bodies floating freely. The mathematical model of time-harmonic motion is a spectral problem in which the frequency of oscillations serves as the spectral parameter. It is proved that there exist axisymmetric structures consisting of $N \\geq 2$ bodies; every structure has the following properties: (i) a time-harmonic wave mode is trapped by it; (ii) some of its bodies (may be none) are motionless, whereas the rest of the bodies (may be none) are heaving at the same frequency as water. The construction of these structures is based on a generalization of the semi-inverse procedure applied earlier for obtaining trapping bodies that are motionless although float freely.

  6. Damping the zero-point energy of a harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. G Philbin; S. A. R. Horsley

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics of quantum electromagnetism in an absorbing medium is that of a field of damped harmonic oscillators. Yet until recently the damped harmonic oscillator was not treated with the same kind of formalism used to describe quantum electrodynamics in a arbitrary medium. Here we use the techniques of macroscopic QED, based on the Huttner--Barnett reservoir, to describe the quantum mechanics of a damped oscillator. We calculate the thermal and zero-point energy of the oscillator for a range of damping values from zero to infinity. While both the thermal and zero-point energies decrease with damping, the energy stored in the oscillator at fixed temperature increases with damping, an effect that may be experimentally observable. As the results follow from canonical quantization, the uncertainty principle is valid for all damping levels.

  7. Higher signal harmonics, LISA's angular resolution, and dark energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. G. Arun; Bala R. Iyer; B. S. Sathyaprakash; Siddhartha Sinha; Chris Van Den Broeck

    2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    It is generally believed that the angular resolution of the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) for binary supermassive black holes (SMBH) will not be good enough to identify the host galaxy or galaxy cluster. This conclusion, based on using only the dominant harmonic of the binary SMBH signal, changes substantially when higher signal harmonics are included in assessing the parameter estimation problem. We show that in a subset of the source parameter space the angular resolution increases by more than a factor of 10, thereby making it possible for LISA to identify the host galaxy/galaxy cluster. Thus, LISA's observation of certain binary SMBH coalescence events could constrain the dark energy equation of state to within a few percent, comparable to the level expected from other dark energy missions.

  8. H.R. 70: A Bill to permit exports of certain domestically produced crude oil, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, January 4, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The report H.R.70 is a bill to permit exports of certain domestically produced crude oil. The proposed legislative text is included.

  9. S. 341: A Bill to extend the authorization of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This bill proposes to modify the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 by modifying section 112(a) by striking `1996` and inserting `1998`.

  10. Discrete quadratic solitons with competing second-harmonic components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Setzpfandt, Frank; Pertsch, Thomas [Institute of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Sukhorukov, Andrey A. [Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, 0200 ACT (Australia)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe families of discrete solitons in quadratic waveguide arrays supported by competing cascaded nonlinear interactions between one fundamental and two second-harmonic modes. We characterize the existence, stability, and excitation dynamics of these solitons and show that their features may resemble those of solitons in saturable media. Our results also demonstrate that a power threshold may appear for soliton formation, leading to a suppression of beam self-focusing which explains recent experimental observations.

  11. SU(3) symmetry in the triaxially deformed harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko [Otsuma Women's University, Tama, Tokyo 206-8540 (Japan); Tanabe, Kosai [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Sakura-Ku, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan); Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Arima, Akito [Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan); Gruber, Bruno [College of Science, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An anisotropic harmonic oscillator Hamiltonian can be brought into invariant form under SU(3) transformations by applying nonlinear transformations to the oscillator bosons. The classification of the single-particle levels based on this covering group predicts magic numbers for the triaxial oscillator. It is shown that when the deformation |{delta}| is not too large, the physical operators are approximated by the group operators. Estimation is carried out for the alignment of orbital angular momentum in a triaxial field.

  12. Vacuum high harmonic generation in the shock regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Böhl, P; Ruhl, H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrodynamics becomes nonlinear and permits the self-interaction of fields when the quantised nature of vacuum states is taken into account. The effect on a plane probe pulse propagating through a stronger constant crossed background is calculated using numerical simulation and by analytically solving the corresponding wave equation. The electromagnetic shock resulting from vacuum high harmonic generation is investigated and a nonlinear shock parameter identified.

  13. Harmonic oscillator in a one-dimensional box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Amore; Francisco M. Fernandez

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a harmonic molecule confined to a one--dimensional box with impenetrable walls. We explicitly consider the symmetry of the problem for the cases of different and equal masses. We propose suitable variational functions and compare the approximate energies given by the variation method and perturbation theory with accurate numerical ones for a wide range of values of the box length. We analyze the limits of small and large box size.

  14. Efficient Forward Second-Harmonic Generation from Planar Archimedean Nanospirals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Roderick B; Vargas, Guillermo; Avanesyan, Sergey M; Haglund, Richard F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The enhanced electric field at plasmonic resonances in nanoscale antennas can lead to efficient harmonic generation, especially when the plasmonic geometry is asymmetric on either inter-particle or intra-particle levels. The planar Archimedean nanospiral offers a unique geometrical asymmetry for second-harmonic generation (SHG) because the SHG results neither from arranging centrosymmetric nanoparticles in asymmetric groupings, nor from non-centrosymmetric nanoparticles that retain a local axis of symmetry. Here we report forward SHG from planar arrays of Archimedean nanospirals using 15 fs pulse from a Ti:sapphire oscillator tuned to 800 nm wavelength. The measured harmonic-generation efficiencies are 2.6*10-9, 8*10-9 and 1.3*10-8 for left-handed circular, linear, and right-handed circular polarizations, respectively. The uncoated nanospirals are stable under average power loading of as much as 300 uW per nanoparticle. The nanospirals also exhibit a selective conversion between polarization states. These exp...

  15. High harmonic generation from Bloch electrons in solids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mengxi; Reis, David A; Schafer, Kenneth J; Gaarde, Mette B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the generation of high harmonic radiation by Bloch electrons in a model transparent solid driven by a strong mid-infrared laser field. We solve the single-electron time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equation (TDSE) using a velocity-gauge method [New J. Phys. 15, 013006 (2013)] that is numerically stable as the laser intensity and number of energy bands are increased. The resulting harmonic spectrum exhibits a primary plateau due to the coupling of the valence band to the first conduction band, with a cutoff energy that scales linearly with field strength and laser wavelength. We also find a weaker second plateau due to coupling to higher-lying conduction bands, with a cutoff that is also approximately linear in the field strength. To facilitate the analysis of the time-frequency characteristics of the emitted harmonics, we also solve the TDSE in a time-dependent basis set, the Houston states [Phys. Rev. B 33, 5494 (1986)], which allows us to separate inter-band and intra-band contributions to the time-depe...

  16. Farm-level economic impacts of the House of Representatives Farm Bill Proposal, H.R. 2646, and the Senate Farm Bill Proposal, S. 1731, for representative rice farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Christy Michelle

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements lor I he degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics FARM-LEVEL ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FARM BILL PROPOSAL, H. R... as to style and content by: t lc James Richardson (Chair of Co ii. ie David Anderson (Member) Clai Nix (M mber ~Gene Nelson (Head of Department] August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ABSTRACT Farm-Iwvei Economic Impacts of the House...

  17. Background and Reflections on the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G. A.; Mann, M. K.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the ever-growing body of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature on electricity generation technologies, inconsistent methods and assumptions hamper comparison across studies and pooling of published results. Synthesis of the body of previous research is necessary to generate robust results to assess and compare environmental performance of different energy technologies for the benefit of policy makers, managers, investors, and citizens. With funding from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory initiated the LCA Harmonization Project in an effort to rigorously leverage the numerous individual studies to develop collective insights. The goals of this project were to: (1) understand the range of published results of LCAs of electricity generation technologies, (2) reduce the variability in published results that stem from inconsistent methods and assumptions, and (3) clarify the central tendency of published estimates to make the collective results of LCAs available to decision makers in the near term. The LCA Harmonization Project's initial focus was evaluating life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electricity generation technologies. Six articles from this first phase of the project are presented in a special supplemental issue of the Journal of Industrial Ecology on Meta-Analysis of LCA: coal (Whitaker et al. 2012), concentrating solar power (Burkhardt et al. 2012), crystalline silicon photovoltaics (PVs) (Hsu et al. 2012), thin-film PVs (Kim et al. 2012), nuclear (Warner and Heath 2012), and wind (Dolan and Heath 2012). Harmonization is a meta-analytical approach that addresses inconsistency in methods and assumptions of previously published life cycle impact estimates. It has been applied in a rigorous manner to estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from many categories of electricity generation technologies in articles that appear in this special supplemental supplemental issue, reducing the variability and clarifying the central tendency of those estimates in ways useful for decision makers and analysts. Each article took a slightly different approach, demonstrating the flexibility of the harmonization approach. Each article also discusses limitations of the current research, and the state of knowledge and of harmonization, pointing toward a path of extending and improving the meta-analysis of LCAs.

  18. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Keynote Presentation (Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Clinton, William J. (Bill) (42nd President of the United States)

    2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. Former President Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, gave the final keynote address of the 2012 Summit on February 29. He addressed the importance of government investment in research that will help move the world toward a cleaner and more secure energy future.

  19. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit Keynote Presentation (Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clinton, William J. (Bill) (42nd President of the United States) [Bill; 42nd President of the United States

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. Former President Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, gave the final keynote address of the 2012 Summit on February 29. He addressed the importance of government investment in research that will help move the world toward a cleaner and more secure energy future.

  20. Sub-structure of laser generated harmonics reveals plasma dynamics of a relativistically oscillating mirror

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braenzel, J.; Schnürer, M.; Steinke, S.; Priebe, G.; Sandner, W. [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Andreev, A. [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany) [Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Max Born Str. 2A, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Platonov, K. [Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)] [Vavilov State Optical Institute, Birzhevaya line 4, 199034 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical and experimental investigations of the dynamics of a relativistically oscillating plasma slab reveal spectral line splitting in laser driven harmonic spectra, leading to double harmonic series. Both series are well characterized with harmonics arising by two fundamental frequencies. While a relativistic oscillation of the critical density drives the harmonic emission, the splitting is a result of an additional acceleration during the laser pulse duration. In comparison with the oscillatory movement, this acceleration is rather weak and can be described by a plasma shock wave driven by the pressure of light. We introduce particle in cell simulations and an analytical model explaining the harmonic line splitting. The derived analytical formula gives direct access between the splitting in the harmonic spectrum and the acceleration of the plasma surface.

  1. Physics 221B: Solution to HW # 6 1) Born-Oppenheimer for Coupled Harmonic Oscil-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    Physics 221B: Solution to HW # 6 1) Born-Oppenheimer for Coupled Harmonic Oscil- lators model of coupled 1D harmonic oscilla- tors. Since we know how to solve the system exactly we can compare + 1 2 k(X2 - x3 - d)2 . Combining into one harmonic oscillator we get H = p2 3 2m + 1 2 2k x3 - X1 + X

  2. Half-harmonic Kelvin probe force microscopy with transfer function correction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Senli [ORNL] [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL] [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An approach for surface potential imaging based on half-harmonic band excitation (BE) in Kelvin probe force microscopy is demonstrated. Using linear and half-harmonic BE enables quantitative correction of the cantilever transfer function. Half-harmonic band excitation Kelvin probe force microscopy (HBE KPFM) thus allows quantitative separation of surface potential and topographic contributions to the signal, obviating the primary sources of topographic cross-talk. HBE KPFM imaging and voltage spectroscopy methods are illustrated for several model systems.

  3. Ramanujan's Harmonic Number Expansion into Negative Powers of a Triangular Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark B. Villarino

    2007-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An algebraic transformation of the DeTemple-Wang half-integer approximation to the harmonic series produces the general formula and error estimate for the Ramanujan expansion for the nth harmonic number into negative powers of the nth triangular number. We also discuss the history of the Ramanujan expansion for the nth harmonic number as well as sharp estimates of its accuracy, with complete proofs, and we compare it with other approximative formulas.

  4. Harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative quantum phase-space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Ben Geloun; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Frederik G Scholtz

    2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve explicitly the two-dimensional harmonic oscillator and the harmonic oscillator in a background magnetic field in noncommutative phase-space without making use of any type of representation. A key observation that we make is that for a specific choice of the noncommutative parameters, the time reversal symmetry of the systems get restored since the energy spectrum becomes degenerate. This is in contrast to the noncommutative configuration space where the time reversal symmetry of the harmonic oscillator is always broken.

  5. Dispersion-free monochromatization method for selecting a single-order harmonic beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Eiji J; Ichimaru, Satoshi; Midorikawa, Katsumi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method to monochromatize multiple orders of high harmonics by using a proper designed multilayer mirror. Multilayer mirrors designed by our concept realize the perfect extraction of a single-order harmonic from multiple-order harmonic beam, and exhibit broadband tenability and high reflectivity in the soft-x-ray region. Furthermore, the proposed monochromatization method can preserve the femtosecond to attosecond pulse duration for the reflected beam. This device is very useful for ultrafast soft x-ray experiments that require high-order harmonic beams, such as femtosecond/attosecond, time-resolved, pump-probe spectroscopy.

  6. N = 4 supersymmetric mechanics: Harmonic superspace as a universal tool of model-building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, E. A., E-mail: eivanov@theor.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We overview applications of the harmonic superspace approach in models of N = 4supersymmetric mechanics, with emphasis on some recent results.

  7. Numerical studies of third-harmonic generation in laser filament in air perturbed by plasma spot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng Liubin [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Department of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Lu Xin; Liu Xiaolong; Li Yutong; Chen Liming; Ma Jinglong; Dong Quanli; Wang Weimin [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Xi Tingting [College of Physical Sciences, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Sheng Zhengming; Zhang Jie [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas of the Ministry of Education of China and Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); He Duanwei [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Department of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Third-harmonic emission from laser filament intercepted by plasma spot is studied by numerical simulations. Significant enhancement of the third-harmonic generation is obtained due to the disturbance of the additional plasma. The contribution of the pure plasma effect and the possible plasma-enhanced third-order susceptibility on the third-harmonic generation enhancement are compared. It is shown that the plasma induced cancellation of destructive interference [Y. Liu et al., Opt. Commun. 284, 4706 (2011)] of two-colored filament is the dominant mechanism of the enhancement of third-harmonic generation.

  8. Analysis and Design of New Harmonic Mitigation Approaches 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aeloiza Matus, Eddy 1972-

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is proposed to reduce the HF circulating current and a zero-sequence control loop to mitigate the low frequency circulating current is also proposed [56]-[58]. 5 Power Quality Standards 1.2. IEEE 519-1981 [67] 1.2.1 In 1981... to determine whether or not the new converters were going to be a problem. It was impractical and not economical to mitigate the harmonics for each non-linear load. Therefore, the IEEE 519-1981 was designed to help these users with the application...

  9. A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Criekingen, S. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA-Saclay, DEN/DM2S/SERMA/LENR Bat 470, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex (France)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)

  10. Quantum Energy Teleportation with a Linear Harmonic Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasusada Nambu; Masahiro Hotta

    2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A protocol of quantum energy teleportation is proposed for a one-dimensional harmonic chain. A coherent-state POVM measurement is performed to coupled oscillators of the chain in the ground state accompanied by energy infusion to the system. This measurement consumes a part of ground state entanglement. Depending on the measurement result, a displacement operation is performed on a distant oscillator accompanied by energy extraction from the zero-point fluctuation of the oscillator. We find that the amount of consumed entanglement is bounded from below by a positive value that is proportional to the amount of teleported energy.

  11. The effect of singular potentials on the harmonic oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filgueiras, C. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-900 Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Silva, E.O. [International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario Lagoa Nova, 59.072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil); Oliveira, W. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 36.036-330 Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil); Moraes, F., E-mail: moraes@fisica.ufpb.b [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-900 Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of a quantum particle moving under interactions presenting singularities. The self-adjoint extension approach is used to guarantee that the Hamiltonian is self-adjoint and to fix the choice of boundary conditions. We specifically look at the harmonic oscillator added of either a {delta}-function potential or a Coulomb potential (which is singular at the origin). The results are applied to Landau levels in the presence of a topological defect, the Calogero model and to the quantum motion on the noncommutative plane.

  12. Second-harmonic generation in transition-metal-organic compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazier, C.C.; Harvey, M.A.; Cockerham, M.P.; Hand, H.M.; Chauchard, E.A.; Lee, C.H.

    1986-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The second-harmonic generation efficiencies of over 60 transition-metal-organic compounds in powder form were measured, using 1.06 ..mu..m light from a Nd:YAG laser. Most of the studied compounds were either group VI metal carbonyl arene, pyridyl, or chiral phosphine complexes. Four the complexes doubled the laser fundamental as well as or better than ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP). The study shows that the same molecular features (e.g., conjugation and low-lying spectroscopic charge transfer) that contribute to second-order optical nonlinearity in organic compounds also enhance second-order effects in transition-metal-organic compounds.

  13. Harmonic initial-boundary evolution in general relativity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babiuc, Maria C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Szilagyi, Bela [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany); Winicour, Jeffrey [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany)

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann, and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.

  14. Quantum Energy Teleportation with a Linear Harmonic Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nambu, Yasusada

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A protocol of quantum energy teleportation is proposed for a one-dimensional harmonic chain. A coherent-state POVM measurement is performed to coupled oscillators of the chain in the ground state accompanied by energy infusion to the system. This measurement consumes a part of ground state entanglement. Depending on the measurement result, a displacement operation is performed on a distant oscillator accompanied by energy extraction from the zero-point fluctuation of the oscillator. We find that the amount of consumed entanglement is bounded from below by a positive value that is proportional to the amount of teleported energy.

  15. Harmonic Initial-Boundary Evolution in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maria C. Babiuc; Bela Szilagyi; Jeffrey Winicour

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational techniques which establish the stability of an evolution-boundary algorithm for a model wave equation with shift are incorporated into a well-posed version of the initial-boundary value problem for gravitational theory in harmonic coordinates. The resulting algorithm is implemented as a 3-dimensional numerical code which we demonstrate to provide stable, convergent Cauchy evolution in gauge wave and shifted gauge wave testbeds. Code performance is compared for Dirichlet, Neumann and Sommerfeld boundary conditions and for boundary conditions which explicitly incorporate constraint preservation. The results are used to assess strategies for obtaining physically realistic boundary data by means of Cauchy-characteristic matching.

  16. On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Stovicek; M. Tusek

    2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.

  17. Harmonic coordinates in the string and membrane equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chun-Lei He; Shou-Jun Huang

    2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this note, we first show that the solutions to Cauchy problems for two versions of relativistic string and membrane equations are diffeomorphic. Then we investigate the coordinates transformation presented in Ref. [9] (see (2.20) in Ref. [9]) which plays an important role in the study on the dynamics of the motion of string in Minkowski space. This kind of transformed coordinates are harmonic coordinates, and the nonlinear relativistic string equations can be straightforwardly simplified into linear wave equations under this transformation.

  18. Generalized energy equipartition in harmonic oscillators driven by active baths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudio Maggi; Matteo Paoluzzi; Nicola Pellicciotta; Alessia Lepore; Luca Angelani; Roberto Di Leonardo

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally and numerically the dynamics of colloidal beads confined by a harmonic potential in a bath of swimming E. coli bacteria. The resulting dynamics is well approximated by a Langevin equation for an overdamped oscillator driven by the combination of a white thermal noise and an exponentially correlated active noise. This scenario leads to a simple generalization of the equipartition theorem resulting in the coexistence of two different effective temperatures that govern dynamics along the flat and the curved directions in the potential landscape.

  19. Temperature-insensitive phase-matched optical harmonic conversion crystal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barker, C.E.; Eimerl, D.; Velsko, S.P.; Roberts, D.

    1993-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature-insensitive, phase-matched harmonic frequency conversion of laser light at a preferred wavelength of 1.064 microns can be achieved by use of a crystal of deuterated l-arginine phosphate. The crystal is cut and oriented so that the laser light propagates inside the crystal along one of several required directions, which correspond to a temperature-insensitive, phase-matching locus. The method of measuring and calculating the temperature-insensitive, phase-matching angles can be extended to other fundamental wavelengths and other crystal compositions. 12 figures.

  20. Harmonized Emissions Analysis Tool (HEAT) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | Open Energy Information Hanergy HoldingsHansatronicHarmonized

  1. Collaborations with present and future teachers in the Maine Physical Sciences Partnership Michael C.Wittmann, Susan McKay, Brian Frank, Katrina E. Black, Susan Smith, John McDonald, Owen Maurais, Bill Zoellick, John R.Thompson, Natasha M. Speer, Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    , Bill Zoellick, John R.Thompson, Natasha M. Speer, Mitchell Bruce, François G.Amar A partnership of: 36

  2. Characterization of Second Harmonic Afterburner Radiation at the LCLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nuhn, Heinz-Dieter

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    During commissioning of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray Free Electron Laser (FEL) at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory it was shown that saturation lengths much shorter than the installed length of the undulator line can routinely be achieved. This frees undulator segments that can be used to provide enhanced spectral properties and at the same time, test the concept of FEL Afterburners. In December 2009 a project was initiated to convert undulator segments at the down-beam end of the undulator line into Second Harmonic Afterburners (SHAB) to enhance LCLS radiation levels in the 10-20 keV energy range. This is being accomplished by replacement of gap-shims increasing the fixed gaps from 6.8 mm to 9.9 mm, which reduces their K values from 3.50 to 2.25 and makes the segments resonant at the second harmonic of the upstream unmodified undulators. This paper reports experimental results of the commissioning of the SHAB extension to LCLS.

  3. Increased surface plasmon resonance sensitivity with the use of double Fourier harmonic gratings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Increased surface plasmon resonance sensitivity with the use of double Fourier harmonic gratings in the formalism of poles and zeros of the scattering matrix. Surface plasmon resonance is used to increase that a direct coupling between counter propagating surface plasmons using double-harmonic Fourier gratings leads

  4. Power line harmonic radiation observed by satellite: Properties and propagation through the ionosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santolik, Ondrej

    Power line harmonic radiation observed by satellite: Properties and propagation through of power line harmonic radiation events observed by the low-altitude DEMETER spacecraft. Altogether, 88 with the largest intensities often occur off exact multiples of base power system frequency. This can be explained

  5. High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy of SF6 molecular vibrations Amelie Ferre1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    High-order harmonic transient grating spectroscopy of SF6 molecular vibrations Am´elie Ferr´e1. Here we use this technique to investigate the high-order harmonic genera- tion from SF6 molecules emission generated between 14 to 26 eV is mainly sensitive to two among the three active Raman modes in SF6

  6. Hydrogen Generation from Water Disassociation Using Small Currents and Harmonics Trien N. Nguyen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Hydrogen Generation from Water Disassociation Using Small Currents and Harmonics Trien N. Nguyen1 1 Department of Physics, Purdue School of Science Hydrogen can be produced cheaply and efficiently from water sources using a combination of harmonics and small currents. Hydrogen is a clean and virtually

  7. A Multipole Based Treecode Using Spherical Harmonics for Potentials of the Form r-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarin, Vivek

    A Multipole Based Treecode Using Spherical Harmonics for Potentials of the Form r- Kasthuri spherical harmonics to compute multipole coefficients that are used to evaluate these potentials. The key of the multipole expansion theorem used in the classical fast multipole algorithm [2]. This theorem is used

  8. Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silberberg, Yaron

    Polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation takes advantage of the significant reduction of har for generation of polarization gated pulses using wave-plate combinations is inefficient, and propose photon energy radiation from the harmonic spectrum. Need- less to say, the generation of near single

  9. Edge ion heating by launched high harmonic fast waves in the National Spherical Torus Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biewer, Theodore

    Edge ion heating by launched high harmonic fast waves in the National Spherical Torus Experiment T al., Fusion Technology 30, 1337 (1996)] measures the velocity distribution of ions in the plasma edge power High Harmonic Fast Wave (HHFW) rf heating in helium plasmas, with the poloidal ion temperature

  10. Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS Injection of harmonics generated in gas in a free-electron laser providing intense lasers promise to extend this down to femtosecond timescales. The process by which free-electron lasers of the free-electron laser saturation length, and the generation of nonlinear harmonics13 at 54 nm and 32 nm

  11. Two-beam high-order harmonics from solids: Coupling mechanisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasevitch, A.; Wieczorek, J.; Kohn, R.; Bovensiepen, U.; Linde, D. von der [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstr. 1, 47048 Duisburg (Germany)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The polarization of the two beam (driver-probe) high-order harmonic generation from solids is measured. The experiments, together with computer simulations, allow us to distinguish two different coupling mechanisms of the driver and the probe, resulting in different harmonic efficiencies and spectral slopes. We find that in the nonrelativistic regime the coupling is mostly due to the nonlinear plasma density modulation.

  12. Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 ‘The ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007’ Using the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

  13. Flat Plate PV Module Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/2/14 Senate Bill 1 (SB1) defines the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flat Plate PV Module Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/2/14 Senate Bill 1 (SB1) defines the solar incentive programs for California, and flat plate PV modules 1 must be listed on the SB1 for adding PV modules to the SB1 list is as follows: 1 . Data submitted to the Energy Commission

  14. Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 ‘The ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007’ Using the National Energy Modeling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

  15. High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a static electric field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Odzak, S. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D.B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider high-order harmonic generation by a linearly polarized laser field and a parallel static electric field. We first develop a modified saddle-point method which enables a quantitative analysis of the harmonic spectra even in the presence of Coulomb singularities. We introduce a classification of the saddle-point solutions and show that, in the presence of a static electric field which breaks the inversion symmetry, an additional classification number has to be introduced and that the usual saddle-point approximation and the uniform approximation in the case of the coalescing saddle points have to be modified. The theory developed offers a simple and accurate explanation of the static-field-induced multiplateau structure of the harmonic spectra. The longer quantum orbits are responsible for a long extension of the harmonic plateau, while the larger initial electron velocities are the reason of lower harmonic emission rates.

  16. Relativistic second harmonic generation from an S-polarized laser in over-dense plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adusumilli, K.; Goyal, D.; Tripathi, V. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A relativistic S-polarized short pulse laser impinged obliquely on an overdense plasma thin foil is shown to produce very significant second harmonic in the direction of specular reflection. The second harmonic is P-polarized and is driven by the second harmonic ponderomotive force on electrons in the skin layer. The treatment incorporates the electron density modification by the static ponderomotive force and mass modification due to relativistic effects. The second harmonic reflected amplitude is greatest for an optimum value of the angle of incidence. The conversion efficiency of the second harmonic is greater for higher values of incident laser amplitude and lower values of electron density in the foil. The equivalence between the total ponderomotive force and the radiation pressure force is also demonstrated.

  17. Performance study of a soft X-ray harmonic generation FEL seeded with an EUV laser pulse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullans, M.; Wurtele, J.S.; Penn, G.; Zholents, A.A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray Harmonic Generation FEL Seeded with an EUV Laser PulseX-ray harmonic generation FEL seeded with an EUV laser pulseof a free electron laser (FEL) using a low-power extreme

  18. Polarization-Modulated Second Harmonic Generation Microscopy in Collagen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoller, P C

    2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Collagen is a key structural protein in the body; several pathological conditions lead to changes in collagen. Among imaging modalities that can be used in vivo, second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has a key advantage: it provides {approx}1 {micro}m resolution information about collagen structure as a function of depth. A new technique--polarization-modulated SHG--is presented: it permits simultaneous measurement of collagen orientation, of a lower bound on the magnitude of the second order nonlinear susceptibility tensor, and of the ratio of the two independent elements in this tensor. It is applied to characterizing SHG in collagen and to determining effects of biologically relevant changes in collagen structure. The magnitude of the second harmonic signal in two dimensional images varies with position even in structurally homogeneous tissue; this phenomenon is due to interference between second harmonic light generated by neighboring fibrils, which are randomly oriented parallel or anti-parallel to each other. Studies in which focal spot size was varied indicated that regions where fibrils are co-oriented are less than {approx}1.5 {micro}m in diameter. A quartz reference was used to determine the spot size as well as a lower limit (d{sub xxx} > 0.3 pm/V) for the magnitude of the second order nonlinear susceptibility. The ratio of the two independent tensor elements ranged between d{sub XYY}/d{sub XXX} = 0.60 and 0.75. SHG magnitude alone was not useful for identifying structural anomalies in collagenous tissue. Instead, changes in the polarization dependence of SHG were used to analyze biologically relevant perturbations in collagen structure. Changes in polarization dependence were observed in dehydrated samples, but not in highly crosslinked samples, despite significant alterations in packing structure. Complete thermal denaturation and collagenase digestion produced samples with no detectable SHG signal. Collagen orientation was measured in thin samples of several different tissues in transmission mode as well as at different depths (up to 200 {micro}m) in thick samples in reflection mode; birefringence had no effect on the measurement. These studies showed that SHG microscopy was capable of detecting pathophysiological changes in collagen structure, suggesting that this technique has potential clinical applications.

  19. Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation by multistep cascading in {chi}{sup (2)} nonlinear photonic crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An Ning; Ren Huaijin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zheng Yuanlin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Deng Xuewei [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Chen Xianfeng [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)

    2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a scheme for efficient Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation. Second to fifth order harmonic wave are observed in a single periodically poled ferroelectric crystal in our experiment. The noncollinear high-order harmonic generation is produced via enhanced Cherenkov second harmonic cascaded with successive multistep sum-frequency generation with simultaneously longitudinal phase-matching. The emission angle and power dependencies are analyzed in detail experimentally, which coincide with theoretical predictions.

  20. Thermal transport in out of equilibrium quantum harmonic chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Nicacio; A. Ferraro; A. Imparato; M. Paternostro; F. L. Semião

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of heat transport in a chain of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators, exposed to the influences of local environments of various nature, stressing the effects that the specific nature of the environment has on the phenomenology of the transport process. We study in detail the behavior of thermodynamically relevant quantities such as heat currents and mean energies of the oscillators, establishing rigorous analytical conditions for the existence of a steady state, whose features we analyse carefully. In particular we assess the conditions that should be faced to recover trends reminiscent of the classical Fourier law of heat conduction and highlight how such a possibility depends on the environment linked to our system.

  1. Multipole expansions in four-dimensional hyperspherical harmonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Meremianin

    2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The technique of vector differentiation is applied to the problem of the derivation of multipole expansions in four-dimensional space. Explicit expressions for the multipole expansion of the function $r^n C_j (\\hr)$ with $\\vvr=\\vvr_1+\\vvr_2$ are given in terms of tensor products of two hyperspherical harmonics depending on the unit vectors $\\hr_1$ and $\\hr_2$. The multipole decomposition of the function $(\\vvr_1 \\cdot \\vvr_2)^n$ is also derived. The proposed method can be easily generalised to the case of the space with dimensionality larger than four. Several explicit expressions for the four-dimensional Clebsch-Gordan coefficients with particular values of parameters are presented in the closed form.

  2. Improved gauge driver for the generalized harmonic Einstein system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindblom, Lee; Szilagyi, Bela [Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new gauge driver is introduced for the generalized harmonic (GH) representation of Einstein's equation. This new driver allows a rather general class of gauge conditions to be implemented in a way that maintains the hyperbolicity of the combined evolution system. This driver is more stable and effective and, unlike previous drivers, allows stable evolutions using the dual-frame evolution technique. Appropriate boundary conditions for this new gauge driver are constructed, and a new boundary condition for the 'gauge' components of the spacetime metric in the GH Einstein system is introduced. The stability and effectiveness of this new gauge driver are demonstrated through numerical tests, which impose a new damped-wave gauge condition on the evolutions of single black-hole spacetimes.

  3. High performance control of harmonic instability from HVDC link system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Min, W.K.; Yoo, M.H. [Korea Electric Power Research Inst., Taejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the usefulness of novel control method for HVDC link system which suffers from severe condition of low order harmonic. This control scheme is used the feedforward control method which is directly controlled dc current at dc link system. The studies of this paper are aimed to improving the dynamic response of HVdc link system in disturbances such as faults. To achieve those objectives, digital time domain simulations are employed by the electro magnetic transient program for dc system (EMTDC). This method results in stable recovery from faults at both rectifier and inverter terminal busbars for a HVdc system that is inherently unstable. It has been found to be robust and control performance has been enhanced.

  4. Theory of Second-Harmonic Generation in Colloidal Crystals J. P. Huang,* Y. C. Jian, and C. Z. Fan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ji-Ping

    Theory of Second-Harmonic Generation in Colloidal Crystals J. P. Huang,* Y. C. Jian, and C. Z. Fan-Kornfeld formulation, we study the effective susceptibility of second-harmonic generation (SHG) in colloidal crystals of second-harmonic generation (SHG); that is, an input (pump) wave can generate another wave with twice

  5. Can the Earth's harmonic spectrum be derived directly from1 the stochastic inversion of global travel-time data?2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boschi, Lapo

    Can the Earth's harmonic spectrum be derived directly from1 the stochastic inversion of global globe, to a statistical measure of the Earth's complexity: its spherical-harmonic spectrum.18 We follow averaged variance and harmonic spectrum; one can then determine the20 latter from a measurement

  6. HARMONIC FUNCTIONS FOR SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURES AND SALINITIES, KOKO HEAD, OAHU, 1956-69, AND SEA-SURFACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HARMONIC FUNCTIONS FOR SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURES AND SALINITIES, KOKO HEAD, OAHU, 1956-69, AND SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURES, CHRISTMAS ISLAND, 1954-69 GUNTHER It SECKEL' AND MARIAN Y. Y. YONG' ABSTRACT Harmonic functions, with daily sampling, are on average 0.07° C. Harmonic analysis spanning the entire sampling duration shows

  7. Harmonic generation by reflecting internal waves Bruce Rodenborn, D. Kiefer, H. P. Zhang, and Harry L. Swinney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    Harmonic generation by reflecting internal waves Bruce Rodenborn, D. Kiefer, H. P. Zhang, and Harry harmonics and mixing. We use laboratory experiments and two-dimensional numerical simulations of the Navier harmonic waves in the reflection process. The results from our experiments and simulations agree well

  8. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 87, 043407 (2013) Coherent control and giant enhancement of multiphoton ionization and high-order-harmonic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I

    ionization and high-order-harmonic generation driven by intense frequency-comb laser fields: An ab initio investigation of the coherent control and significant enhancement of multiphoton ionization (MPI) and high-order-harmonic and molecular dynamics [28­30], and the generation of soft-x-ray attosecond pulses by high-order-harmonic

  9. RF physics of ICWC discharge at high cyclotron harmonics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyssoivan, A.; Van Eester, D.; Wauters, T.; Vervier, M.; Van Schoor, M. [Association Euratom-Belgian State, LPP-ERM-KMS, 1000 Brussels (Belgium); Bobkov, V.; Rohde, V.; Schneider, P. [Association Euratom-IPP, Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching (Germany); Douai, D.; Kogut, D. [Association Euratom-CEA, CEA, IRFM, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Kreter, A.; Möller, S.; Philipps, V.; Sergienko, G. [Association Euratom-IEK-4, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Moiseenko, V. [Institute of Plasma Physics NSC KIPT, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Noterdaeme, J.-M. [Association Euratom-IPP, Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching, Germany and Ghent University, 9000 Ghent (Belgium); Collaboration: TEXTOR Team; ASDEX Upgrade Team

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experiments on Ion Cyclotron Wall Conditioning (ICWC) performed in tokamaks TEXTOR and ASDEX Upgrade with standard ICRF antennas operated at fixed frequencies but variable toroidal magnetic field demonstrated rather contrasting parameters of ICWC discharge in scenarios with on-axis fundamental ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) for protons,?=?{sub H+}, and with its high cyclotron harmonics (HCH), ?=10?{sub cH+}? HCH scenario: very high antenna coupling to low density RF plasmas (P{sub pl}?0.9P{sub RF-G}) and low energy Maxwellian distribution of CX hydrogen atoms with temperature T{sub H}?350 eV. Fundamental ICR: lower antenna-plasma coupling efficiency (by factor of about 1.5 times) and generation of high energy non-Maxwellian CX hydrogen atoms (with local energy E{sub ?H} ?1.0 keV). In the present paper, we analyze the obtained experimental results numerically using (i) newly developed 0-D transport code describing the process of plasma production with electron and ion collisional ionization in helium-hydrogen gas mixture and (ii) earlier developed 1-D Dispersion Relation Solver accounting for finite temperature effects and collision absorption mechanisms for all plasma species in addition to conventionally examined Landau/TTPM damping for electrons and cyclotron absorption for ions. The numerical study of plasma production in helium with minor hydrogen content in low and high toroidal magnetic fields is presented. The investigation of the excitation, conversion and absorption of plasma waves as function of B{sub T}-field suggests that only fast waves (FW) may give a crucial impact on antenna coupling and characteristics of the ICWC discharge using standard poloidally polarized ICRF antennas designed to couple RF power mainly to FW. The collisional (non-resonant) absorption by electrons and ions and IC absorption by resonant ions of minor concentration in low T{sub e} plasmas is studied at fundamental ICR and its high harmonics.

  10. Four combinations of two cosine gratings, the 2nd and 6th harmonics of a 0.5 c/deg grating (1 c/deg and 3 c/deg respectively), were used as the target stimulus patterns. Pattern 1 is the 2nd harmonic in isolation, pattern 2 is the 6th harmonic in isolatio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Stanley

    METHODS Four combinations of two cosine gratings, the 2nd and 6th harmonics of a 0.5 c/deg grating harmonic in isolation, pattern 2 is the 6th harmonic in isolation, pattern 3 is the 2nd plus the 6th and pattern 4 is the 2nd minus the 6th. The one-dimensional noise was the sum of 1st-7th harmonics of a 0.5c

  11. Theoretical analysis of high-order harmonic generation from a coherent superposition of states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milosevic, Dejan B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, Berlin, 12489 (Germany)

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A quantum theory of high-order harmonic generation by a strong laser field in the presence of more bound states is formulated. The obtained numerical and analytical results for a two-state hydrogenlike atom model show that the harmonic spectrum consists of two parts: a usual single-state harmonic spectrum of odd harmonics having the energies (2k+1){omega} and a resonant part with the peaks around the excitation energy {delta}{omega}. The energy of the harmonics in the resonant part of the spectrum is equal to {delta}{omega}{+-}{omega}, {delta}{omega}{+-}3{omega}, .... For energies higher than the excitation energy, the resonant part forms a plateau, followed by a cutoff. The emission rate of the harmonics in this resonant plateau is many orders of magnitude higher than that of the harmonics generated in the presence of the ground state alone. The influence of the depletion of the initial states, as well as of the pulse shape and intensity, is analyzed.

  12. Resonant third-harmonic generation of a short-pulse laser from electron-hole plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kant, Niti [Department of Physics, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab 144 402 (India); Nandan Gupta, Devki [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007 (India); Suk, Hyyong [Advanced Photonics Research Institute (APRI) and Graduate Program of Photonics and Applied Physics, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500 712 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In semiconductors, free carriers are created in pairs in inter-band transitions and consist of an electron and its corresponding hole. At very high carrier densities, carrier-carrier collisions dominate over carrier-lattice collisions and carriers begin to behave collectively to form plasma. Here, we apply a short-pulse laser to generate third-harmonic radiation from a semiconductor plasma (electron-hole plasma) in the presence of a transverse wiggler magnetic-field. The process of third-harmonic generation of an intense short-pulse laser is resonantly enhanced by the magnetic wiggler, i.e., wiggler magnetic field provides the necessary momentum to third-harmonic photons. In addition, a high-power laser radiation, propagating through a semiconductor imparts an oscillatory velocity to the electrons and exerts a ponderomotive force on electrons at the third-harmonic frequency of the laser. This oscillatory velocity produces a third-harmonic longitudinal current. And due to the beating of the longitudinal electron velocity and the wiggler magnetic field, a transverse third-harmonic current is produced that drives third-harmonic electromagnetic radiation. It is finally observed that for a specific wiggler wave number value, the phase-matching conditions for the process are satisfied, leading to resonant enhancement in the energy conversion efficiency.

  13. Analysis of higher harmonic contamination with a modified approach using a grating analyser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Rajkumar, E-mail: rkg@rract.gov.in; Modi, Mohammed H.; Lodha, G. S. [X-ray Optics Section, Indus Synchrotrons Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)] [X-ray Optics Section, Indus Synchrotrons Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India); Kumar, M.; Chakera, J. A. [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)] [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013 (India)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Soft x-ray spectra of the toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) at the reflectivity beamline of Indus-1 synchrotron source are analyzed for higher harmonic contribution. A diffraction grating of central line spacing 1200 l/mm is used to disperse the monochromatic beam received from TGM to quantify the harmonic contents in the 50–360 Å wavelength range. In order to calculate the harmonic contamination, conventionally the intensity of higher order peak is divided by first order peak intensity of the desired wavelength. This approach is found to give wrong estimate as first order peak itself is overlapped by higher order peaks. In the present study, a modified approach has been proposed to calculate harmonic contamination where the intensity contributions of overlapping orders have been removed from the first order diffraction peak of the desired wavelength. It is found that the order contamination in the TGM spectra is less than 15% in the wavelength range of 90–180 Å. The total harmonic contribution increases from 6%–60% in the wavelength range of 150–260 Å. The critical wavelength of Indus-1 is 61 Å hence the harmonic contamination below 90 Å is significantly low. The results obtained with modified approach match well with those obtained by quantitative analysis of multilayer reflectivity data. The obtained higher harmonics data are used to fit the transmission of aluminum edge filter in the 120–360 Å wavelength range.

  14. Surface harmonics method equations for solving the time-dependent neutron transport problems and their verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyarinov, V. F.; Kondrushin, A. E.; Fomichenko, P. A. [National Research Center, Kurchatov Inst., Kurchatov Sq. 1, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite-difference time-dependent equations of Surface Harmonics method have been obtained for plane geometry. Verification of these equations has been carried out by calculations of tasks from 'Benchmark Problem Book ANL-7416'. The capacity and efficiency of the Surface Harmonics method have been demonstrated by solution of the time-dependent neutron transport equation in diffusion approximation. The results of studies showed that implementation of Surface Harmonics method for full-scale calculations will lead to a significant progress in the efficient solution of the time-dependent neutron transport problems in nuclear reactors. (authors)

  15. Harmonics suppression effect of the quasi-periodic undulator in SASE free-electron-laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ai-Lin Wu; Qi-Ka Jia; He-Ting Li

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the harmonics suppression effect of QPUs in SASE FEL is investigated. The numerical results show that the harmonics power is reduced by using QPUs, but the fundamental radiation power also has a pronounced decrease as the saturation length gets very long. The cases of employing QPUs as parts of undulators are studied. The calculations show that if the fraction of QPUs and their offgap are appropriate in an undulator system, the harmonics radiation could be suppressed remarkably, meanwhile the fundamental saturation length does not increase too much.

  16. Analysis of second harmonic instability for the Chateauguay HVDC/SVC scheme

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammad, A.E. (ABB Power Systems, 5401-Baden (CH))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chateauguay HVDC back-to-back scheme with interconnections to the 765 kV transmission to U.S.A. and to Beauharnois generators can exhibit, under certain operating conditions, second harmonic resonance problems. This paper presents a thorough analysis of the problem using an eigenvalue and frequency domain approach. The analysis explains the mechanism of exciting the second harmonic instability by the presence of HVDC converters. The influence of changing the control parameters of the static VAR compensatory at the Chateauguay terminal is also studied. Finally, an assessment is made for the effectiveness of present countermeasure schemes, namely; the auxiliary dc stabilizing controls and the installation of second harmonic filters.

  17. On compactified harmonic/projective superspace, 5D superconformal theories, and all that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei M. Kuzenko

    2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the supertwistor approach, we analyse the superconformal structure of 4D N = 2 compactified harmonic/projective superspace. In the case of 5D superconformal symmetry, we derive the superconformal Killing vectors and related building blocks which emerge in the transformation laws of primary superfields. Various off-shell superconformal multiplets are presented both in 5D harmonic and projective superspaces, including the so-called tropical (vector) multiplet and polar (hyper)multiplet. Families of superconformal actions are described both in the 5D harmonic and projective superspace settings. We also present examples of 5D superconformal theories with gauged central charge.

  18. Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation in a plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magesh Kumar, K.K.; Singh, Ranjeet; Tripathi, V. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi-110016 (India)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation is proposed and studied. In the presence of ambient magnetic field, the plasma wave present in the system produces electron density ripple (perturbation) which couples with the velocity imparted by the nonlinear ponderomotive force at twice the laser frequency producing the Raman shifted third harmonic field. The wave vector of the plasma wave provides the uncompensated momentum necessary for phase matching condition. The applied magnetic field can be adjusted to have the phase matching for the given plasma frequency. The energy conversion ratio from pump to the Raman shifted third harmonic generation of upper hybrid radiation is analyzed.

  19. Third harmonic stimulated Raman backscattering of laser in a magnetized plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paknezhad, Alireza [Physics Department, Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Physics Department, Shabestar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dorranian, Davoud [Laser Lab., Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Laser Lab., Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article studies the nonlinear Raman shifted third harmonic backscattering of an intense extraordinary laser wave through a homogenous transversely magnetized cold plasma. Due to the relativistic nonlinearity, the plasma dynamic is modified in the presence of transversely magnetic field, and this can generate the third harmonic scattered wave and an electrostatic upper hybrid wave via the Raman scattering process. Using the nonlinear wave equation, the mechanism of nonlinear third harmonic Raman scattering is discussed in detail to obtain the maximum growth rate of instability in the mildly relativistic regime. The growth rate decreases as the static magnetic field increases. It also increases with the pump wave amplitude.

  20. Generation of high-power tunable terahertz-radiation by nonrelativistic beam-echo harmonic effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gong Huarong; Xu Jin; Wei Yanyu; Gong Yubin [National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vacuum Electronics, School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054 (China); Travish, Gil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Feng Jinjun [Vacuum Electronics National Laboratory, Vacuum Electronics research Institute, Beijing 100016 (China)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new type of terahertz radiation source based on the nonrelativistic electron beam-wave interaction is proposed. Here, the beam echo harmonic effect is applied to a traveling wave tube like device. The scheme is configured as a combination of a frequency multiplier and amplifier with, for instance, W-band (millimeter wave) input signals and terahertz output power. A one-dimensional model of this device shows that a 10th order harmonic-wave can be generated while other harmonic waves are suppressed. The device only requires a readily available input source (W-band), and the output frequency can be tuned continuously over a wide band.

  1. Electro-optic harmonic conversion to switch a laser beam out of a cavity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Roger A. (Pleasanton, CA); Henesian, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a switch to permit a laser beam to escape a laser cavity through the use of an externally applied electric field across a harmonic conversion crystal. Amplification takes place in the laser cavity, and then the laser beam is switched out by the laser light being harmonically converted with dichroic or polarization sensitive elements present to alter the optical path of the harmonically converted laser light. Modulation of the laser beam can also be accomplished by varying the external electric field.

  2. Generalized Harmonic Oscillator and the Schrödinger Equation with Position-Dependent Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju Guo-Xing; Cai Chang-Ying; Ren Zhong-Zhou

    2007-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the generalized harmonic oscillator which has both the position-dependent mass and the potential depending on the form of mass function in a more general framework. The explicit expressions of the eigenvalue and eigenfunction for such system are given, they have the same forms as those for the usual harmonic oscillator with constant mass. The coherent state and the its properties for the system with PDM are also discussed. We give the corresponding effective potentials for several mass functions, the systems with such potentials are isospectral to the usual harmonic oscillator.

  3. H. R. 4847: a bill to require that United States companies cease their participation in the production, marketing, or distribution of Libyan oil. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, May 19, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bill requiring all US companies to discontinue any participation in the production, marketing, or distribution of Libyan oil revokes all previous authority for such activity. The Act would become effective on June 30, 1986 or 30 days after enactment.

  4. H. R. 3193: A Bill to extend title I of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, August 4, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H.R. 3193: A Bill to extend title I of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, and for other purposes. Utilization of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is authorized under certain circumstances.

  5. An explanation for experimental observations of harmonic cyclotron emission induced by fast ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, K.R.; Horton, W.; Van Dam, J.W.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An explanation, supported by numerical simulations and analytical theory, is given for the harmonic cyclotron emission induced by fast ions in tokamak plasmas - particular, for the emission observed at low harmonics in deuterium-deuterium md deuterium-tritium experiments in the Joint European Tokamak. We show that the first proton harmonic is one of the highest spectral peaks whereas the first alpha is weak. We also compare the relative spectral amplitudes of different harmonics. Our results axe consistent with the experimental observations. The simulations verify that the instabilities are caused by a weak relativistic mass effect. Simulation that a nonuniform magnetic field leads to no appreciable change in the growth and saturation amplitude of the waves.

  6. Barium Titanate Nanoparticles as Exogenous Contrast Agents in Second Harmonic Optical Coherence Tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearson, Jeremy T

    2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose and demonstrate a method by which barium titanate nanoparticle clusters can be used as exogenous contrast agents in Second Harmonic Optical Coherence Tomography imaging systems to localize and highlight desired regions of tissue. SH...

  7. A continuous-wave second harmonic gyrotron oscillator at 460 GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornstein, Melissa K. (Melissa Kristen), 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the short pulse and CW operation of a 460 GHz gyrotron oscillator both at the fundamental (near 230 GHz) and second harmonic (near 460 GHz) of electron cyclotron resonance. During operation in a complete CW regime ...

  8. Generation of octave-spanning multiple harmonics for ultrafast waveform synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Wei-Chun

    Up to seven laser harmonics covering more than two octaves in frequency have been generated efficiently in a single PPLT crystal, permitting the synthesis of 1.5 femtosecond pulses in a stable and compact setting.

  9. Systematic Review and Harmonization of Life Cycle GHG Emission Estimates for Electricity Generation Technologies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This powerpoint presentation to be presented at the World Renewable Energy Forum on May 14, 2012, in Denver, CO, discusses systematic review and harmonization of life cycle GHG emission estimates for electricity generation technologies.

  10. High-Gain Harmonic Generation Free-Electron Laser at Saturation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gain Harmonic Generation Free-Electron Laser at Saturation T. Shaftan 1 , M. Babzien 1 , I. Ben-Zvi 1 , S. G. Biedron 2 , L. F. DiMauro 1 , A. Doyuran 1 , J.N. Galayda 2 , E....

  11. Bulk viscosity-driven suppression of shear viscosity effects on the flow harmonics at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Noronha-Hostler; J. Noronha; F. Grassi

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The interplay between shear and bulk viscosities on the flow harmonics, $v_n$'s, at RHIC is investigated using the newly developed relativistic 2+1 hydrodynamical code v-USPhydro that includes bulk and shear viscosity effects both in the hydrodynamic evolution and also at freeze-out. While shear viscosity is known to attenuate the flow harmonics, we find that the inclusion of bulk viscosity decreases the shear viscosity-induced suppression of the flow harmonics bringing them closer to their values in ideal hydrodynamical calculations. Depending on the value of the bulk viscosity to entropy density ratio, $\\zeta/s$, in the quark-gluon plasma, the bulk viscosity-driven suppression of shear viscosity effects on the flow harmonics may require a re-evaluation of the previous estimates of the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio, $\\eta/s$, of the quark-gluon plasma previously extracted by comparing hydrodynamic calculations to heavy ion data.

  12. Pitch perception and harmonic resolvability in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Joshua G. W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Listeners with sensorineural hearing loss are often impaired in their ability to perceive the pitch associated with the fundamental frequency (FO) of complex harmonic sounds. Four studies investigated the relationship ...

  13. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF A FINITE ELEMENT SCHEME FOR THE APPROXIMATION OF HARMONIC MAPS INTO SURFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartels, Soeren

    NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF A FINITE ELEMENT SCHEME FOR THE APPROXIMATION OF HARMONIC MAPS INTO SURFACES Geometric partial differential equations and their analysis as well as numerical simulation have recently

  14. Oscillator Seeding of a High Gain Harmonic Generation FEL in a Radiator-First Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gandhi, P.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proceedings of the 2010 FEL Conference, Malm¨o, Sweden,Proceedings of the 2010 FEL Conference, Malm¨o, Sweden,of a high gain harmonic generation FEL in a radiator-first

  15. Harmonic propagation on an electric distribution system: Field measurements compared with computer simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, S.M. (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)); Brownfield, G.T. (Union Electric Co., St. Louis, MO (United States)); Duffus, J.W. (Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Power Electronics Research Center)

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power electronic loads are occupying an increasing fraction of the total load on distribution feeders. Coincidentally, there is a greater use of power factor correction capacitors on the distribution system. These two factors can present poor operating conditions in the form of high harmonic levels propagating through a distribution system. Electric utility engineers are facing an ever increasing number of situations which require the analysis of the propagation of harmonics on a distribution system. HARMFLO was developed by EPRI for use in the analysis of harmonics on a power system. However, for a typical analysis of a distribution system, data for some of the parameters required by HARMFLO are not available. Furthermore, exact load information is usually not available. Harmonic levels determined from field tests on a distribution system are compared to results of HARMFLO simulations to determine if this analysis tool can be expected to provide useful results despite the lack of exact information for load modeling and other system parameters.

  16. Barium Titanate Nanoparticles as Exogenous Contrast Agents in Second Harmonic Optical Coherence Tomography 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearson, Jeremy T

    2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    generating nanoparticle clusters exhibit high scattering properties, which can give them the advantage of backscattering a large quantity of second harmonic light while attenuating the forward scattered light. In this research project, a mathematical model...

  17. Spectrally resolved spatiotemporal features of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Lixin; Zhang, Qingbin; Zhai, Chunyang; Wang, Feng; Shi, Wenjing; Lu, Peixiang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally disentangle the contributions of different quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from the spectrally and spatially resolved harmonic spectra. By adjusting the laser intensity and focusing position, we simultaneously observe the spectrum splitting, frequency shift and intensity-dependent modulation of harmonic yields both for the short and long paths. Based on the simulations, we discriminate the physical mechanisms of the intensity-dependent modulation of HHG due to the quantum path interference and macroscopic interference effects. Moreover, it is shown that the atomic dipole phases of different quantum paths are encoded in the frequency shift. In turn, it enables us to retrieve the atomic dipole phases and the temporal chirps of different quantum paths from the measured harmonic spectra. This result gives an informative mapping of spatiotemporal and spectral features of quantum paths in HHG.

  18. Spectrum of the harmonic oscillator in a general noncommutative phase space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary

    2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Harmonic oscillator, in 2-dimensional noncommutative phase space with non-vanishing momentum-momentum commutators, is studied using an algebraic approach. The corresponding eigenvalue problem is solved and discussed.

  19. Photovoltaic power converter system with a controller configured to actively compensate load harmonics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    de Rooij, Michael Andrew (Clifton Park, NY); Steigerwald, Robert Louis (Burnt Hills, NY); Delgado, Eladio Clemente (Burnt Hills, NY)

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic power converter system including a controller configured to reduce load harmonics is provided. The system comprises a photovoltaic array and an inverter electrically coupled to the array to generate an output current for energizing a load connected to the inverter and to a mains grid supply voltage. The system further comprises a controller including a first circuit coupled to receive a load current to measure a harmonic current in the load current. The controller includes a second circuit to generate a fundamental reference drawn by the load. The controller further includes a third circuit for combining the measured harmonic current and the fundamental reference to generate a command output signal for generating the output current for energizing the load connected to the inverter. The photovoltaic system may be configured to compensate harmonic currents that may be drawn by the load.

  20. Casimir Friction Force and Energy Dissipation for Moving Harmonic Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Casimir friction problem for a pair of dielectric particles in relative motion is analyzed, utilizing a microscopic model in which we start from statistical mechanics for harmonically oscillating particles at finite temperature moving nonrelativistically with constant velocity. The use of statistical mechanics in this context has in our opinion some definite advantages, in comparison with the more conventional quantum electrodynamic description of media that involves the use of a refractive index. The statistical-mechanical description is physical and direct, and the oscillator model, in spite of its simplicity, is nevertheless able to elucidate the essentials of the Casimir friction. As is known, there are diverging opinions about this kind of friction in the literature. Our treatment elaborates upon, and extends, an earlier theory presented by us back in 1992. There we found a finite friction force at any finite temperature, whereas at zero temperature the model led to a zero force. As an additional development in the present paper we evaluate the energy dissipation making use of an exponential cutoff truncating the relative motion of the oscillators. For the dissipation we also establish a general expression that is not limited to the simple oscillator model.

  1. First Exit Times of Harmonically Trapped Particles: A Didactic Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. S. Grebenkov

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We revise the classical problem of characterizing first exit times of a harmonically trapped particle whose motion is described by one- or multi-dimensional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. We start by recalling the main derivation steps of a propagator using Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations. The mean exit time, the moment-generating function, and the survival probability are then expressed through confluent hypergeometric functions and thoroughly analyzed. We also present a rapidly converging series representation of confluent hypergeometric functions that is particularly well suited for numerical computation of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the governing Fokker-Planck operator. We discuss several applications of first exit times such as detection of time intervals during which motor proteins exert a constant force onto a tracer in optical tweezers single-particle tracking experiments; adhesion bond dissociation under mechanical stress; characterization of active periods of trend following and mean-reverting strategies in algorithmic trading on stock markets; relation to the distribution of first crossing times of a moving boundary by Brownian motion. Some extensions are described, including diffusion under quadratic double-well potential and anomalous diffusion.

  2. Dynamically self-regular quantum harmonic black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spallucci, Euro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recently proposed UV self-complete quantum gravity program is a new and very interesting way to envision Planckian/trans-Planckian physics. in this new framework, high energy scattering is dominated by the creation of micro black holes, and it is experimentally impossible to probe distances shorter than the horizon radius. In this letter we present a model which realizes this idea through the creation of self-regular quantum black holes admitting a minimal size extremal configuration. Their radius provides a dynamically generated minimal length acting as a universal short-distance cut-off. We propose a quantisation scheme for this new kind of microscopic objects based on a Bohr-like approach, which does not require a detailed knowledge of quantum gravity. The resulting black hole quantum picture resembles the energy spectrum of a quantum harmonic oscillator. The mass of the extremal configuration plays the role of zero-point energy. Large quantum number re-establish the classical black hole description. F...

  3. High-harmonic XUV source for time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dakovski, Georgi L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Yinwan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Durakiewicz, Tomasz [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rodriguez, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a laser-based apparatus for visible pump/XUV probe time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (TRARPES) utilizing high-harmonic generation from a noble gas. Femtosecond temporal resolution for each selected harmonic is achieved by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator (TCM). The source has been used to obtain photoemission spectra from insulators (UO{sub 2}) and ultrafast pump/probe processes in semiconductors (GaAs).

  4. A solid-state, harmonic restraint, differential relay for transformer protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowther, Gary Roger

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A SOLID-STATE, HARMONIC RESTRAINT, DIF ERENTIAL RELAY &Y)R TRANSFORMER PROTECTION A Thesis by GARY ROGER I OWTHER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in oartial ulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... of Department ) (~~Iember ) (1;ember ) (1 mber ) (Hember ) ABSTRACT A Solid-State, Harmonic Restraint, Differential Relay for Transformer Protection. (May 1982) Gary Roger Lowther, B. S. , College of Steubenville Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. B. Don...

  5. Second harmonic generation from direct band gap quantum dots pumped by femtosecond laser pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Liwei, E-mail: liulw@cust.edu.cn; Wang, Yue; Hu, Siyi; Ren, Yu; Huang, Chen [School of Science, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, Jilin 130022, People's Republic of China and International Joint Research Center for Nanophotonics and Biophotonics, Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun, Jilin 130022 (China)

    2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on nonlinear optical experiments performed on Cu{sub 2}S quantum dots (QDs) pumped by femtosecond laser pulses. We conduct a theoretical simulation and experiments to determine their second harmonic generation characteristics. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the QDs have a second harmonic generation conversion efficiency of up to 76%. Our studies suggest that these Cu{sub 2}S QDs can be used for solar cells, bioimaging, biosensing, and electric detection.

  6. Equivalence between free quantum particles and those in harmonic potentials and its application to instantaneous changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ole Steuernagel

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum physics the free particle and the harmonically trapped particle are arguably the most important systems a physicist needs to know about. It is little known that, mathematically, they are one and the same. This knowledge helps us to understand either from the viewpoint of the other. Here we show that all general time-dependent solutions of the free-particle Schroedinger equation can be mapped to solutions of the Schroedinger equation for harmonic potentials, both the trapping oscillator and the inverted 'oscillator'. This map is fully invertible and therefore induces an isomorphism between both types of system, they are equivalent. A composition of the map and its inverse allows us to map from one harmonic oscillator to another with a different spring constant and different center position. The map is independent of the state of the system, consisting only of a coordinate transformation and multiplication by a form factor, and can be chosen such that the state is identical in both systems at one point in time. This transition point in time can be chosen freely, the wave function of the particle evolving in time in one system before the transition point can therefore be linked up smoothly with the wave function for the other system and its future evolution after the transition point. Such a cut-and-paste procedure allows us to describe the instantaneous changes of the environment a particle finds itself in. Transitions from free to trapped systems, between harmonic traps of different spring constants or center positions, or, from harmonic binding to repulsive harmonic potentials are straightforwardly modelled. This includes some time-dependent harmonic potentials. The mappings introduced here are computationally more efficient than either state-projection or harmonic oscillator propagator techniques conventionally employed when describing instantaneous (non-a 1,920 characters

  7. Attachment of second harmonic-active moiety to molecules for detection of molecules at interfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Salafsky, Joshua S.; Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention provides methods of detecting molecules at an interface, which comprise labeling the molecules with a second harmonic-active moiety and detecting the labeled molecules at the interface using a surface selective technique. The invention also provides methods for detecting a molecule in a medium and for determining the orientation of a molecular species within a planar surface using a second harmonic-active moiety and a surface selective technique.

  8. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and fed into an hourly photochemical model along with the prevailing weather conditions to allow for the calculation of the ozone pollution (i.e., Ozone day or August-September 2000 Episode day) to determine the reduction in ozone. Although...ESL-TR-02/07-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Annual Report to the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner...

  9. Re-publication of the data from the BILL magnetic spectrometer: The cumulative $?$ spectra of the fission products of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Haag; W. Gelletly; F. von Feilitzsch; L. Oberauer; W. Potzel; K. Schreckenbach; A. A. Sonzogni

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 1980s, measurements of the cumulative $\\beta$ spectra of the fission products following the thermal neutron induced fission of $^{235}$U, $^{239}$Pu, and $^{241}$Pu were performed at the magnetic spectrometer BILL at the ILL in Grenoble. This data was published in bins of 250 keV. In this paper, we re-publish the original data in a binning of 50 keV for $^{235}$U and 100 keV for $^{239}$Pu and $^{241}$Pu.

  10. Examination of the benefits of the reduced planting alternatives of the 1985 farm bill for crop producers in the Blacklands land resource area of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Troy Neal

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    process. A decision tree formulation of the decision process for wheat, corn, and grain sorghum production was constructed. In this model, optimal planting decisions were conditioned on climatological information available at the time. Prices were... treated as random events. Farm program provisions were those under 1988 provisions of the 1985 farm bill A full model containing the 0/92 option and a reduced model restricting the decision set to eliminate the 0/92 option were solved iv for three...

  11. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-TR-02/06-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner Energy Systems... Laboratory (ESL) Texas A&M University System June 2002 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System TERP Report p. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report outlines the Energy Systems Laboratory's responsibilities...

  12. Harmonic mode competition in a terahertz gyrotron backward-wave oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, S. H.; Chiu, C. C.; Chang, P. C.; Wu, K. L.; Chu, K. R. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron cyclotron maser interactions at terahertz (THz) frequencies require a high-order-mode structure to reduce the wall loss to a tolerable level. To generate THz radiation, it is also essential to employ cyclotron harmonic resonances to reduce the required magnetic field strength to a value within the capability of the superconducting magnets. However, much weaker harmonic interactions in a high-order-mode structure lead to serious mode competition problems. The current paper addresses harmonic mode competition in the gyrotron backward wave oscillator (gyro-BWO). We begin with a comparative study of the mode formation and oscillation thresholds in the gyro-BWO and gyromonotron. Differences in linear features result in far fewer 'windows' for harmonic operation of the gyro-BWO. Nonlinear consequences of these differences are examined in particle simulations of the multimode competition processes in the gyro-BWO, which shed light on the competition criteria between modes of different as well as the same cyclotron harmonic numbers. The viability of a harmonic gyro-BWO is assessed on the basis of the results obtained.

  13. Electron cyclotron harmonic resonances in high-frequency heating of the ionosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuo, Spencer P. [Polytechnic Institute of New York University, 6 MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States)] [Polytechnic Institute of New York University, 6 MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron acceleration by upper hybrid waves under cyclotron harmonic resonance interaction is studied. Theory is formulated; the analytical solutions in the second and fourth harmonic cyclotron resonance cases are obtained, and in the third harmonic case, a first order differential equation governing the evolution of the electron energy is derived. The theory is applied for explaining the generation of artificial ionization layers observed in high-frequency (HF) ionospheric heating experiments. The upper hybrid waves are assumed to be excited parametrically by the O-mode HF heating wave. As the decay mode is the lower hybrid wave, the excited upper hybrid waves have wavelengths ranging from 0.25 to 0.5 m, which are short enough to effectively incorporate the finite Larmour radius effect for the harmonic cyclotron resonance interactions as well as have a frequency bandwidth of about 20 kHz, which provides an altitude region of about 10 km for continuous harmonic cyclotron resonance interaction between electrons and descending waves in the slightly inhomogeneous geomagnetic field. The numerical results on electron acceleration show that electron fluxes with energies larger than 14 eV are generated in the three harmonic cases. These energetic electrons cause impact ionizations, which are descending to form artificial ionization layers at the bottom of the ionospheric F region.

  14. The information content of gravitational wave harmonics in compact binary inspiral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald W. Hellings; Thomas A. Moore

    2002-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear aspect of gravitational wave generation that produces power at harmonics of the orbital frequency, above the fundamental quadrupole frequency, is examined to see what information about the source is contained in these higher harmonics. We use an order (4/2) post-Newtonian expansion of the gravitational wave waveform of a binary system to model the signal seen in a spaceborne gravitational wave detector such as the proposed LISA detector. Covariance studies are then performed to determine the ultimate accuracy to be expected when the parameters of the source are fit to the received signal. We find three areas where the higher harmonics contribute crucial information that breaks degeneracies in the model and allows otherwise badly-correlated parameters to be separated and determined. First, we find that the position of a coalescing massive black hole binary in an ecliptic plane detector, such as OMEGA, is well-determined with the help of these harmonics. Second, we find that the individual masses of the stars in a chirping neutron star binary can be separated because of the mass dependence of the harmonic contributions to the wave. Finally, we note that supermassive black hole binaries, whose frequencies are too low to be seen in the detector sensitivity window for long, may still have their masses, distances, and positions determined since the information content of the higher harmonics compensates for the information lost when the orbit-induced modulation of the signal does not last long enough to be apparent in the data.

  15. Customer-Economics of Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Impact of High Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings with Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Residential photovoltaic (PV) systems in the US are often compensated at the customer's underlying retail electricity rate through net metering. There is growing interest in understanding how potential changes in rates may impact the value of bill savings from PV. This article uses a production cost and capacity expansion model to project California hourly wholesale electricity market prices under a reference scenario and a 33% renewables scenario. Second, based on the wholesale electricity market prices generated by the model, the article develops retail rates (i.e., flat, time-of-use, and real-time pricing) for each future scenario based on standard retail rate design principles. Finally, based on these retail rates, the bill savings from PV are estimated for 226 California residential customers under two types of net metering, for each scenario. The article finds that high renewable penetrations can drive substantial changes in residential retail rates and that these changes, together with variations in retail rate structures and PV compensation mechanisms, interact to place substantial uncertainty on the future value of bill savings from residential PV.

  16. RRI Energy Inc formerly known as Reliant Energy Inc | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I GeothermalPotentialBiopowerSolidGenerationMethodInformationeNevada <REC

  17. Low efficiency gratings for 3rd harmonic diagnostics applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Britten, J.A.; Boyd, R.D.; Perry, M.D.; Shore, B.W.; Thomas, I.M.

    1995-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The baseline design of the National Ignition Facility (NIF) calls for sampling gratings to provide third-harmonic energy diagnostics in the highly constrained area of the target chamber. These 40 {times} 4O cm transmission gratings are to diffract at (order +1) nominally 0.3% of the incident 351 run light at a small angle on to a focusing mirror and into a calorimeter. The design calls for a plane grating of 500 lines/mm, and approximately 30 run deep, etched into a fused silica focusing lens and subsequently overcoated with a solgel anti reflective coating. Gratings of similar aperture and feature size have been produced for other applications by ion etching processes, but, in an effort to reduce substantially the cost of such optics, we are studying the feasibility of making these gratings by wet chemical etching techniques. Experimentation with high-quality fused silica substrates on 5 and 15 cm. scale has led to a wet etching process which can meet the design goals and which offers no significant scaleup barriers to full sized optics. The grating is produced by holographic exposure and a series of processing steps using only a photoresist mask and a final hydrofluoric acid etch. Gratings on 15 cm diameter test substrates exhibit absolute diffraction efficiencies from 0.2--0.4% with a standard deviation of about 15% of the mean over the full aperture. The efficiency variation is due to variation in linewidth caused by spatial nonuniformities in exposure energy. Uniformity improvements can be realized by using a smaller, more uniform portion of the exposure beam and exposing for longer times. The laser damage threshold for these gratings has been measured at LLNL and found to be identical to that of the fused silica substrate.

  18. Models of soft rotators and the theory of a harmonic rotator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahid Zakir

    2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The states of a planar oscillator are separated to a vibrational mode, containing a zero-point energy, and a rotational mode without the zero-point energy, but having a conserved angular momentum. On the basis of the analysis of properties of models of rigid and semirigid rotators, the theory of soft rotators is formulated where the harmonic attractive force is balanced only by the centrifugal force. As examples a Coulomb rotator (the Bohr model) and a magneto-harmonic rotator (the Fock-Landau levels) are considered. Disappearance of the radial speed in the model of a magneto-harmonic rotator is taken as a defining property of a pure rotational motion in the harmonic potential. After the exception of energies of the magnetic and spin decompositions, specific to magnetic fields, one turns to a simple and general model of a planar harmonic rotator (circular oscillator without radial speed) where kinetic energy is reduced to the purely rotational energy. Energy levels of the harmonic rotator have the same frequency and are twice degenerate, the energy spectrum is equidistant. In the ground state there is no zero-point energy from rotational modes, and the zero-point energy of vibrational modes can be compensated by spin effects or symmetries of the system. In this case the operators of observables vanish the ground state, i.e. are "strongly" normally ordered. In a chain of harmonic rotators collective rotations around a common axis lead to transverse waves, at quantization of which there appear quasi-particles and holes carrying an angular momentum. In the chain SU(2) appears as a group of symmetry of a rotator.

  19. Second harmonic generation by propagation of a p-polarized obliquely incident laser beam in underdense plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jha, Pallavi; Agrawal, Ekta [Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytical study of second harmonic generation due to interaction an intense, p-polarized laser beam propagating obliquely in homogeneous underdense plasma, in the mildly relativistic regime, has been presented. The efficiency of the second harmonic radiation as well as its detuning length has been obtained and their variation with the angle of incidence is analyzed. It is shown that, for a given plasma electron density, the second harmonic efficiency increases with the angle of incidence while the detuning length decreases. The second harmonic amplitude vanishes at normal incidence of the laser beam.

  20. Scaling of the generation of high-order harmonics in large gas media with focal length

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boutu, W.; Auguste, T.; Caumes, J. P.; Carre, B. [Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Merdji, H. [Service des Photons, Atomes et Molecules, CEA-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); PULSE Institute for Ultrafast Energy Science, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present theoretical and experimental results on high-order harmonic generation in a low-density few-centimeter-long gas medium (L{sub med}{<=} 10 cm). We study the dependence with focal length of harmonic efficiency. Theoretically, we consider in detail the generation of the 25th harmonic of a short pulse Ti:sapphire laser in argon. Within the strong-field approximation for the atomic dipole, and a complete account of the macroscopic propagation, we compute the number of photons produced as a function of the medium parameters and the focusing conditions. The simulations show that, at constant intensity, the emission of the 25th harmonic scales with the focal length as {approx}f{sup 4} at low pressure (P=2 Torr) and as {approx}f{sup 6} at higher pressure (P=5 Torr). At constant laser energy, we find that the harmonic signal scales approximately as f{sup 2} at low pressure and as f{sup 4} at higher pressure. Those numerical results are compared with experimental data.

  1. Low-order-mode harmonic multiplying gyrotron traveling-wave amplifier in W band

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeh, Y. S.; Chen, C. H.; Yang, S. J.; Lai, C. H.; Lin, T. Y.; Lo, Y. C.; Hong, J. W. [Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Hung, C. L. [Department of Communication Engineering, National Penghu University of Science and Technology, Penghu, Taiwan (China); Chang, T. H. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Harmonic multiplying gyrotron traveling-wave amplifiers (gyro-TWAs) allow for magnetic field reduction and frequency multiplication. To avoid absolute instabilities, this work proposes a W-band harmonic multiplying gyro-TWA operating at low-order modes. By amplifying a fundamental harmonic TE{sub 11} drive wave, the second harmonic component of the beam current initiates a TE{sub 21} wave to be amplified. Absolute instabilities in the gyro-TWA are suppressed by shortening the interaction circuit and increasing wall losses. Simulation results reveal that compared with Ka-band gyro-TWTs, the lower wall losses effectively suppress absolute instabilities in the W-band gyro-TWA. However, a global reflective oscillation occurs as the wall losses decrease. Increasing the length or resistivity of the lossy section can reduce the feedback of the oscillation to stabilize the amplifier. The W-band harmonic multiplying gyro-TWA is predicted to yield a peak output power of 111 kW at 98 GHz with an efficiency of 25%, a saturated gain of 26 dB, and a bandwidth of 1.6 GHz for a 60 kV, 7.5 A electron beam with an axial velocity spread of 8%.

  2. Suppression of high-order-harmonic intensities observed in aligned CO{sub 2} molecules with 1300-nm and 800-nm pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, Kosaku; Minemoto, Shinichirou; Sakai, Hirofumi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    High-order-harmonic generation from aligned N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and CO{sub 2} molecules is investigated by 1300-nm and 800-nm pulses. The harmonic intensities of 1300-nm pulses from aligned molecules show harmonic photon energy dependence similar to those of 800-nm pulses. Suppression of harmonic intensity from aligned CO{sub 2} molecules is observed for both 1300- and 800-nm pulses over the same harmonic photon energy range. As the dominant mechanism for the harmonic intensity suppression from aligned CO{sub 2} molecules, the present results support the two-center interference picture rather than the dynamical interference picture.

  3. Second-Harmonic Generation of Spoof Surface Plasmon Polaritons Using Nonlinear Plasmonic Metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hao Chi; Guo, Jian; Fu, Xiaojian; Li, Lianming; Qian, Cheng; Cui, Tie Jun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second harmonic generation is one of the most important applications of nonlinear effect, which has attracted great interests in nonlinear optics and microwave in the past decades. To the best of our knowledge, however, generating the second harmonics of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) has not been reported. Here, we propose to generate the second harmonics of spoof SPPs with high efficiency at microwave frequencies using subwavelength-scale nonlinear active device integrated on specially designed plasmonic waveguides, which are composed of two ultrathin corrugated metallic strips printed on the top and bottom surfaces of a thin dielectric slab anti-symmetrically. We show that the plasmonic waveguide supports broadband propagations of spoof SPPs with strong subwavelength effect, whose dispersion property can be controlled by changing the geometrical parameters. By loading the nonlinear device made from semiconductors to the intersection of two plasmonic waveguides with different corrugation depths, we e...

  4. Role of ellipticity in high-order harmonic generation by homonuclear diatomic molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Odzak, S. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theory of high-order harmonic generation by diatomic molecules exposed to an elliptically polarized laser field. This theory is based on the molecular strong-field approximation with the laser-field-dressed initial bound state and the undressed final state. The interference minima, observed for linear polarization, are blurred with the increase of the laser-field ellipticity. The nth harmonic emission rate has contributions of the components of the T-matrix element in the direction of the laser-field polarization and in the direction perpendicular to it. We analyze the destructive interference condition for this perpendicular component. Taking into account that the aligned molecules are an anisotropic medium for high-harmonic generation, we introduce elliptic dichroism as a measure of this anisotropy and discuss possibilities of its use for determining the molecular structure.

  5. Dynamic Analysis of Wind Turbine Planetary Gears Using an Extended Harmonic Balance Approach: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Parker, R. G.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of wind turbine planetary gears with gravity effects are investigated using an extended harmonic balance method that extends established harmonic balance formulations to include simultaneous internal and external excitations. The extended harmonic balance method with arc-length continuation and Floquet theory is applied to a lumped-parameter planetary gear model including gravity, fluctuating mesh stiffness, bearing clearance, and nonlinear tooth contact to obtain the planetary gear dynamic response. The calculated responses compare well with time domain integrated mathematical models and experimental results. Gravity is a fundamental vibration source in wind turbine planetary gears and plays an important role in system dynamics, causing hardening effects induced by tooth wedging and bearing-raceway contacts. Bearing clearance significantly reduces the lowest resonant frequencies of translational modes. Gravity and bearing clearance together lowers the speed at which tooth wedging occurs lower than the resonant frequency.

  6. Improved quantum correlations in second harmonic generation with a squeezed pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. MArcellina; J. F. Corney; M. K. Olsen

    2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the effects of a squeezed pump on the quantum properties and conversion efficiency of the light produced in single-pass second harmonic generation. Using stochastic integration of the two-mode equations of motion in the positive-P representation, we find that larger violations of continuous-variable harmonic entanglement criteria are available for lesser effective interaction strengths than with a coherent pump. This enhancement of the quantum properties also applies to violations of the Reid-Drummond inequalities used to demonstrate a harmonic version of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox. We find that the conversion efficiency is largely unchanged except for very low pump intensities and high levels of squeezing.

  7. Nonadiabatic molecular high-order harmonic generation from polar molecules: Spectral redshift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bian Xuebin; Bandrauk, Andre D. [Departement de Chimie, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1K 2R1 (Canada)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Molecular high-order harmonic generation (MHOHG) from the polar diatomic molecule HeH{sup 2+} in short intense laser fields is studied numerically. Due to the nonadiabatic response of the molecular dipole to the rapid change of laser intensity, a spectral redshift is predicted in high-intensity and ultrashort laser pulses, contrary to the blueshift observed in the harmonics generated from atoms in long laser pulses. The MHOHG temporal structures are investigated by a wavelet time-frequency analysis, which shows that the enhanced excitation of localized long lifetime excited states shifts the harmonic generation spectrum in the falling part of short laser pulses, due to the presence of a permanent dipole moment, and thus is unique to polar molecules.

  8. Wave function for harmonically confined electrons in time-dependent electric and magnetostatic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Hong-Ming; Chen, Jin-Wang; Pan, Xiao-Yin, E-mail: panxiaoyin@nbu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China)] [Department of Physics, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China); Sahni, Viraht [Department of Physics, Brooklyn College and The Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10016 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Brooklyn College and The Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10016 (United States)

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive via the interaction “representation” the many-body wave function for harmonically confined electrons in the presence of a magnetostatic field and perturbed by a spatially homogeneous time-dependent electric field—the Generalized Kohn Theorem (GKT) wave function. In the absence of the harmonic confinement – the uniform electron gas – the GKT wave function reduces to the Kohn Theorem wave function. Without the magnetostatic field, the GKT wave function is the Harmonic Potential Theorem wave function. We further prove the validity of the connection between the GKT wave function derived and the system in an accelerated frame of reference. Finally, we provide examples of the application of the GKT wave function.

  9. Hadronization Scheme Dependence of Long-Range Azimuthal Harmonics in High Energy p+A Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esposito, Angelo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the distortion effects of three popular final state hadronization schemes that modify the initial-state gluon azimuthal harmonic correlations in high energy p+A collisions. The three models considered are (1) LPH: local parton-hadron duality, (2) CPR: collinear parton-hadron resonance independent fragmenation, and (3) LUND: color string hadronization. Strong initial-state multi-gluon azimuthal correlations are generated using the non-abelian beam jet bremsstrahlung GLVB model, assuming a saturation scale Qsat = 2 GeV. Long-range final hadron pair elliptic and triangular harmonics are compared based on the three hadronization schemes. Our analysis shows that the hadron level harmonics are strongly hadronization scheme dependent in the low pT < 3 GeV domain.

  10. Generation of high order optical harmonics in steep plasma density gradients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linde, D. von der [Institut fuer Laser- und Plasmaphysik, Universitaet Essen, D-45117 Essen (Germany)

    1998-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    During the interaction of an intense ultrashort laser pulse with solid targets a thin layer of surface plasma is generated in which the density drops to the vacuum level in a distance much shorter than the wavelength. This sharp plasma-vacuum boundary performs an oscillatory motion in response to the electromagnetic forces of the intense laser light. It is shown that the generation of reflected harmonics can be interpreted as a phase modulation experienced by the light upon reflection from the oscillating boundary. The modulation sidebands of the reflected frequency spectrum correspond to odd and even harmonics of the laser frequency. Retardation effects lead to a strong anharmonicity for high velocities of the plasma-vacuum boundary. As a result, harmonic generation is strongly enhanced in the relativistic regime of laser intensities.

  11. Noncommutative quantum mechanics of a harmonic oscillator under linearized gravitational waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Saha; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Swarup Saha

    2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the quantum dynamics of a harmonic oscillator in noncommutative space under the influence of linearized gravitational waves (GW) in the long wave-length and low-velocity limit. Following the prescription in \\cite{ncgw1} we quantize the system. The Hamiltonian of the system is solved by using standard algebraic iterative methods. The solution shows signatures of the coordinate noncommutativity via alterations in the oscillation frequency of the harmonic oscillator system from its commutative counterpart. Moreover, it is found that the response of the harmonic oscillator to periodic GW, when their frequencies match, will oscillate with a time scale imposed by the NC parameter. We expect this noncommutative signature to show up as some noise source in the GW detection experiments since the recent phenomenological upper-bounds set on spatial noncommutative parameter implies a length-scale comparable to the length-variations due to the passage of gravitational waves, detectable in the present day GW detectors.

  12. Theory of high harmonic generation in relativistic laser interaction with overdense plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Baeva; S. Gordienko; A. Pukhov

    2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    High harmonic generation due to the interaction of a short ultra relativistic laser pulse with overdense plasma is studied analytically and numerically. On the basis of the ultra relativistic similarity theory we show that the high harmonic spectrum is universal, i.e. it does not depend on the interaction details. The spectrum includes the power law part $I_n\\propto n^{-8/3}$ for $nharmonic cutoff at $\\propto \\gamma_{\\max}^3$ is parametrically larger than the $4 \\gamma_{\\max}^2$ predicted by the ``oscillating mirror'' model based on the Doppler effect. The cornerstone of our theory is the new physical phenomenon: spikes in the relativistic $\\gamma$-factor of the plasma surface. These spikes define the high harmonic spectrum and lead to attosecond pulses in the reflected radiation.

  13. Harmonic mixing in two coupled qubits: quantum synchronization via ac drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. E. Savel'ev; Z. Washington; A. M. Zagoskin; M. J. Everitt

    2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulating a system of two driven coupled qubits, we show that the time-averaged probability to find one driven qubit in its ground or excited state can be controlled by an ac drive in the second qubit. Moreover, off-diagonal elements of the density matrix responsible for quantum coherence can also be controlled via driving the second qubit, i.e., quantum coherence can be enhanced by appropriate choice of the bi-harmonic signal. Such a dynamic synchronization of two differently driven qubits has an analogy with harmonic mixing of Brownian particles forced by two signals through a substrate. Nevertheless, the quantum synchronization in two qubits occurs due to multiplicative coupling of signals in the qubits rather than via a nonlinear harmonic mixing for a classical nano-particle.

  14. Nonlinear absorption and harmonic generation of laser in a gas with anharmonic clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Manoj; Tripathi, V. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear absorption and harmonic generation of intense short pulse laser in a gas embedded with anharmonic clusters are investigated theoretically. When the laser induced excursion of cluster electrons becomes comparable to cluster radius, the restoration force on electrons no longer remains linearly proportional to the excursion. As a consequence, the plasmon resonance is broadened, leading to broadband laser absorption. It also leads to second and third harmonic generations, at much higher level than the one due to ponderomotive nonlinearity. The harmonic yield is resonantly enhanced at the plasmon resonance {omega}={omega}{sub pe}/{radical}(3), where {omega} is the frequency of the laser and {omega}{sub pe} is the plasma frequency of cluster electrons.

  15. Mode conversion and absorption of fast waves at high ion cyclotron harmonics in inhomogeneous magnetic fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Suwon, E-mail: swcho@kgu.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Kyonggi-Do 443-760 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Kyonggi-Do 443-760 (Korea, Republic of); Kwak, Jong-Gu [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The propagation and absorption of high harmonic fast waves is of interest for non-inductive current drives in fusion experiments. The fast wave can be coupled with the ion Bernstein wave that propagates in the high magnetic field side of an ion cyclotron harmonic resonance layer. This coupling and the absorption are analyzed using the hot plasma dispersion relation and a wave equation that was converted from an approximate dispersion relation for the case where ?{sub i}=k{sub ?}{sup 2}?{sub i}{sup 2}/2?1 (where k{sub ?} is the perpendicular wave number and ?{sub i} is the ion Larmor radius). It is found that both reflection and conversion may occur near the harmonic resonance layer but that they decrease rapidly, giving rise to a sharp increase in the absorption as the parallel wave number increases.

  16. The su(1,1) dynamical algebra from the Schrödinger ladder operators for N-dimensional systems: hydrogen atom, Mie-type potential, harmonic oscillator and pseudo-harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Martinez; J. C. Flores-Urbina; R. D. Mota; V. D. Granados

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply the Schr\\"odinger factorization to construct the ladder operators for hydrogen atom, Mie-type potential, harmonic oscillator and pseudo-harmonic oscillator in arbitrary dimensions. By generalizing these operators we show that the dynamical algebra for these problems is the $su(1,1)$ Lie algebra.

  17. Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iliew, Rumen [Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Institute of Condensed Matter Theory and Solid State Optics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Etrich, Christoph; Pertsch, Thomas [Institute of Applied Physics/Ultra Optics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Lederer, Falk [Institute of Condensed Matter Theory and Solid State Optics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany); Kivshar, Yuri S. [Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study theoretically forward and backward second-harmonic generation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal structure made of lithium niobate. The aim of this article is twofold: First, we propose a reliable modal algorithm for describing the light propagation taking into account the vectorial character of the interacting fields as well as the tensorial character of the nonlinearity and verify it by means of the nonlinear finite-difference time-domain method. Second, we propose a photonic crystal where we obtain a giant efficiency increase for backward second-harmonic generation with slow light.

  18. Characteristics of probe current harmonics based on various applied voltage waveforms in low temperature plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Young-Do; Kim, Yu-Sin; Lee, Hyo-Chang; Bang, Jin-Young; Chung, Chin-Wook [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Heangdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristics of probe currents induced by applying various probe voltage waveforms, such as sinusoidal, sawtooth, square, and triangular, were investigated at a floating potential. It was found that the measured probe currents have many harmonics depending on the voltage waveforms. This was mainly due to the nonlinearity of the sheath in the plasma and was analyzed using the fast Fourier transform and a circuit model. By applying a triangular voltage waveform to a probe, plasma parameters such as electron temperature and plasma density could be obtained and compared to those of a single Langmuir probe and a floating harmonic method.

  19. Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

  20. Effect of charged particle's multiplicity fluctuations on flow harmonics in even-by-event hydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, A K

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In nucleon-nucleon collisions, charged particle's multiplicity fluctuates. We have studied the effect of multiplicity fluctuation on flow harmonics in nucleus-nucleus collision in event-by-event hydrodynamics. Assuming that the charged particle's multiplicity fluctuations are governed by the negative binomial distribution, the Monte-Carlo Glauber model of initial condition is generalised to include the fluctuations. Explicit simulations with the generalised Monte-Carlo Glauber model initial conditions indicate that the multiplicity fluctuations do not have large effect on the flow harmonics.

  1. Effect of charged particle's multiplicity fluctuations on flow harmonics in even-by-event hydrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In nucleon-nucleon collisions, charged particle's multiplicity fluctuates. We have studied the effect of multiplicity fluctuation on flow harmonics in nucleus-nucleus collision in event-by-event hydrodynamics. Assuming that the charged particle's multiplicity fluctuations are governed by the negative binomial distribution, the Monte-Carlo Glauber model of initial condition is generalised to include the fluctuations. Explicit simulations with the generalised Monte-Carlo Glauber model initial conditions indicate that the multiplicity fluctuations do not have large effect on the flow harmonics.

  2. The harmonic impact of electric vehicle battery chargers on residential power distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.; O`Connell, R.M. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Brownfield, G. [Ameren Services, St. Louis, MO (United States)

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric vehicles (EV), which are powered by battery-driven electric motors, are becoming an ecologically attractive alternative to gasoline driven vehicles. One drawback to them is that the associated battery chargers are power electronic circuits which, because of their non-linear nature, can produce deleterious harmonic effects on the electric utility distribution system. To investigate the harmonic effects of widespread use of EV battery chargers, three different commercially available EV battery chargers are modeled using the injection current method to represent their current waveforms for simulation in a SPICE model of a particular distribution system.

  3. Second harmonic generation in photonic crystal cavities in (111)-oriented GaAs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, Sonia, E-mail: bucklesm@stanford.edu; Radulaski, Marina; Vu?kovi?, Jelena [E. L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [E. L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Biermann, Klaus [Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, D-10117 Berlin (Germany)] [Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, D-10117 Berlin (Germany)

    2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate second harmonic generation at telecommunications wavelengths in photonic crystal cavities in (111)-oriented GaAs. We fabricate 30 photonic crystal structures in both (111)- and (100)-oriented GaAs and observe an increase in generated second harmonic power in the (111) orientation, with the mean power increased by a factor of 3, although there is a large scatter in the measured values. We discuss possible reasons for this increase, in particular, the reduced two photon absorption for transverse electric modes in (111) orientation, as well as a potential increase due to improved mode overlap.

  4. Advanced properties of extended plasmas for efficient high-order harmonic generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganeev, R. A. [Ophthalmology and Advanced Laser Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495 (Japan) [Ophthalmology and Advanced Laser Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495 (Japan); Physics Department, Voronezh State University, Voronezh 394006 (Russian Federation); Suzuki, M.; Kuroda, H. [Ophthalmology and Advanced Laser Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495 (Japan)] [Ophthalmology and Advanced Laser Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495 (Japan)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the advanced properties of extended plasma plumes (5?mm) for efficient harmonic generation of laser radiation compared with the short lengths of plasmas (?0.3–0.5?mm) used in previous studies. The harmonic conversion efficiency quadratically increased with the growth of plasma length. The studies of this process along the whole extreme ultraviolet range using the long plasma jets produced on various metal surfaces, particularly including the resonance-enhanced laser frequency conversion and two-color pump, are presented. Such plasmas could be used for the quasi-phase matching experiments by proper modulation of the spatial characteristics of extended ablating area and formation of separated plasma jets.

  5. Internal Decoherence of a Gaussian Wave Packet in a Harmonic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Cidrim; F. E. A. dos Santos; A. O. Caldeira

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the quantum dissipative problem of a Gaussian wave packet under the influence of a harmonic potential. A phenomenological approach to dissipation is adopted in the light of the well-known model in which the environment is composed of a bath of non-interacting harmonic oscillators. As one of the effects of the coupling to the bath is the evolution of an initially pure wave packet into a statistical mixture, we estimate the characteristic time elapsed for this to occur for different regimes of temperature, damping, and also different initial states.

  6. Theoretical study of the dual harmonic system and its application on the CSNS/RCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Yao-Shuo; Xu, Shou-Yan; Yuan, Yue; Wang, Sheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dual harmonic system has been widely used in high intensity proton synchrotrons to suppress the space charge effect, as well as reduce the beam loss. To investigate the longitudinal beam dynamics in the dual rf system, the potential well, the sub-buckets in the bunch and the multi-solutions of the phase equation have been studied theoretically. Based on these theoretical studis, the optimization of bunching factor and rf voltage waveform are made for the dual harmonic rf system in the upgrade phase of the CSNS/RCS. In the optimization process, the simulation with space charge effect is done by using a newly developed code C-SCSIM.

  7. The harmonic oscillator with dissipation within the theory of open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Isar

    2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Time evolution of the expectation values of various dynamical operators of the harmonic oscillator with dissipation is analitically obtained within the framework of the Lindblad theory for open quantum systems. We deduce the density matrix of the damped harmonic oscillator from the solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for the coherent state representation, obtained from the master equation for the density operator. The Fokker-Planck equation for the Wigner distribution function, subject to either the Gaussian type or the $\\delta$-function type of initial conditions, is also solved by using the Wang-Uhlenbeck method. The obtained Wigner functions are two-dimensional Gaussians with different widths.

  8. Position-dependent noncommutative quantum models: Exact solution of the harmonic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dine Ousmane Samary

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is devoted to find the exact solution of the harmonic oscillator in a position-dependent 4-dimensional noncommutative phase space. The noncommutative phase space that we consider is described by the commutation relations between coordinates and momenta: $[\\hat{x}^1,\\hat{x}^2]=i\\theta(1+\\omega_2 \\hat x^2)$, $[\\hat{p}^1,\\hat{p}^2]=i\\bar\\theta$, $[\\hat{x}^i,\\hat{p}^j]=i\\hbar_{eff}\\delta^{ij}$. We give an analytical method to solve the eigenvalue problem of the harmonic oscillator within this deformation algebra.

  9. Texas’ Senate Bill 5 Legislation for Reducing Pollution in Non-Attainment and Affected Areas: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Fitzpatrick, T.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the time of the simulation. These hourly NOx and VOC are then merged together with other sources of NOx and VOC and fed into an hourly photochemical mo del along with the prevailing weather conditions to allow for the calculation of the ozone pollution (i...ESL-TR-02/06-01 TEXAS1 SENATE BILL 5 LEGISLATION FOR REDUCING POLLUTION IN NON- ATTAINMENT AND AFFECTED AREAS: Report for the TERP Advisory Board Meeting Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Tom Fitzpatrick, Dan Turner Energy Systems...

  10. Generation of 9 MeV -rays by all-laser-driven Compton scattering with second-harmonic laser light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umstadter, Donald

    Generation of 9 MeV -rays by all-laser-driven Compton scattering with second-harmonic laser light-harmonic-generated laser light (3 eV) inverse-Compton-scattered from a counterpropagating relativistic (450 MeV) laser in detection. Narrower band- width -rays are generated efficiently by means of inverse Compton scattering (ICS

  11. Chem. Rev. 1994, 94, 107-125 107 Optical Second Harmonic Generation as a Probe of Surface Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chem. Rev. 1994, 94, 107-125 107 Optical Second Harmonic Generation as a Probe of Surface Chemistry 109 IV. SHG Measurements of Surface Chemistry 109 VI. Acknowledgments 122 V II.References 122 V. Other Surface SHG Experiments and Future 122 Directions I. Introduction Optical second harmonic generation (SHG

  12. Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF) models with full converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    Abstract--This paper presents the harmonic analysis of offshore wind farm (OWF) models with full will be discussed based on measurements from offshore wind farm. Index Terms--full-rating converters, harmonic analysis, offshore wind farm, wind turbine, validation with measurements I. INTRODUCTION HE tendency

  13. Output Harmonic Termination Techniques for AlGaN/GaN HEMT Power Amplifiers Using Active Integrated Antenna Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itoh, Tatsuo

    Output Harmonic Termination Techniques for AlGaN/GaN HEMT Power Amplifiers Using Active Integrated 1200, Los Angeles, CA 90045 Abstract -- In this paper, effects of output harmonic terminations on PAE termination, we observe a substantial increase in PAE and output power. Further, we demonstrate the high

  14. POWER ELECTRONICS HARMONIC ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LINEAR TIME PERIODIC MODELING. APPLICATIONS FOR AC/DC/AC POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /Simulink simulations. Key words: power system harmonics, power electronic, linear time periodic modeling, PWM, control1 POWER ELECTRONICS HARMONIC ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LINEAR TIME PERIODIC MODELING. APPLICATIONS in power electronic systems. The considered system is described by a set of differential equations, which

  15. Terahertz radiation and second-harmonic generation from InAs: Bulk versus surface electric-field-induced contributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Matthew

    time due to a growing number of applications such as imaging,1­3 illicit-drug detection,4Terahertz radiation and second-harmonic generation from InAs: Bulk versus surface electric July 2005 Polarized second-harmonic generation and terahertz radiation in reflection from 100 , 110

  16. Analysis of dc harmonics using the three-pulse model for the intermountain power project HVDC transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickmander, D.L.; Peterson, K.J.

    1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The harmonic analysis of the dc-side of an HVDC line transmission requires realistic models of the converters, the dc line, and other relevant equipment. These models must include all important paths for harmonic current, and appropriate sources of harmonic voltage generation. The classical converter modeling technique has been demonstrated to be insufficient in field measurements and analysis of the harmonic spectra found on recent HVDC line transmission. For this reason, a new model of the converter bridge which takes into account the major stray capacitances in the converter (the three-pulse model) has been developed, and is described in detail elsewhere. This paper presents comparisons between the classical and three-pulse calculations for the Intermountain Power Project (IPP) HVDC transmission. The calculation results from the three-pulse model agree favorably with the harmonics found in field measurements.

  17. Study of the spatial coherence of high order harmonic radiation generated from pre-formed plasma plumes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, M.; Singhal, H.; Chakera, J. A.; Naik, P. A.; Khan, R. A.; Gupta, P. D. [Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013, M.P. (India)

    2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of the spatial coherence of the high order harmonic radiation generated by the interaction of 45 fs Ti:sapphire laser beam with carbon (graphite) plasma plume has been carried out using Young's double slit interferometry. It is observed that the spatial coherence varies with harmonic order, laser focal spot size in plasma plume, and peaks at an optimal spot size. It is also observed that the spatial coherence is higher when the laser pulse is focused before the plasma plume than when focused after the plume, and it decreases with increase in the harmonic order. The optimum laser parameters and the focusing conditions to achieve good spatial coherence with high harmonic conversion have been identified, which is desirable for practical applications of the harmonic radiation.

  18. PROJET AURORA: COMPLEX AND HARMONIC ANALYSIS RELATED TO GENERATING SYSTEMS: PHASE SPACE LOCALIZATION PROPERTIES, SAMPLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saut, Olivier

    PROJET AURORA: COMPLEX AND HARMONIC ANALYSIS RELATED TO GENERATING SYSTEMS: PHASE SPACE LOCALIZATION PROPERTIES, SAMPLING AND APPLICATIONS The aim of the AURORA project CHARGE is to join the efforts holds: A f 2 | f, |2 B f . 1 #12;2 AURORA PROJECT CHARGE The first property is of essential

  19. Reactive Power Sharing and Voltage Harmonic Distortion Compensation of Droop Controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    1 Reactive Power Sharing and Voltage Harmonic Distortion Compensation of Droop Controlled Single, the inverters typically employ the droop control scheme. Traditional droop control enables the decentralized regulation of the local voltage and frequency of the microgrid by the inverters. The droop method also

  20. Instability of non-constant harmonic maps for the 1 + 2-dimensional equivariant wave map system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Côte, Raphaël

    energy har- monic map Q (a stationary solution), and show that when it exists, Q is instable in the energy space. Our result applies in particular to the case of wave maps to the sphere S2Instability of non-constant harmonic maps for the 1 + 2-dimensional equivariant wave map system