National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bil lion kilowatthours

  1. Introduction The Steller sea lion, Eumetopias

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (including Shantarsky and Sakhalin Distribution and Abundance of Steller Sea Lions, Eumetopias jubatus, but a new rookery was established at Tuleny Island on the east- ern coast of Sakhalin Island. We estimate

  2. Thermoregulation in Steller Sea Lions: a modelling approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscow, Emma Victoria Heather

    2001-01-01

    condition. Under the environmental conditions tested in water, Steller sea lions appear to require additional energy for thermoregulation, unless they are moving and generating additional heat as a result of the locomotion. While resting in air sea lions...

  3. EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    371 EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS Marine Biological LaboratoryKernan, Director EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS by Fredrik V. Thorsteinson, Richard;#12;EXPERIMENTAL HARVEST OF THE STELLER SEA LION IN ALASKAN WATERS by Fredrik V. Thorsteinson, Bureau of Commercial

  4. Hi-LION: Hierarchical Large-Scale Interconnection Optical Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Hi-LION: Hierarchical Large-Scale Interconnection Optical Network With AWGRs [Invited] Zheng Cao, Roberto Proietti, and S. J. B. Yoo Abstract--This paper proposes Hi-LION, a hierarchical large wavelength routing property of AWGRs together with electrical switching inside the processors, Hi-LION can

  5. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    LLC Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC Application from Lion Shield Energy to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-415 Lion Shield...

  6. HABITAT PREFERENCES OF CALIFORNIA SEA LIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    , curvature of shoreline, and availability of shade, water pools, and resting areas--at 26 sites (7 islands) occupied by sea lions and 33 unused sites (8 islands) distributed throughout the Gulf of California, Mexico are likely to play a role in the prevention of heat stress in sea lions, suggesting that increases

  7. Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on NLP&LOD and SWAIE, pages 811, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the 2010 Bil- lion Triple Challenge (BTC) data set, as well as DBpedia (Auer et al., 2007) and Free

  8. Thermoregulation in Steller sea lions: an experimental approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willis, Kate

    2004-01-01

    captive Steller sea lions using heat flux sensors (HFSs) with embedded thermistors. Optimal sensor placement was determined using infrared thermography to measure the major pathways of heat flow along the surface of the animals. Experiments were...

  9. Metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoopes, Lisa Ann

    2009-05-15

    as function of body mass for all sea lions within their TNZ................................................................................ 50 7 Whole body metabolic rate as a function of body mass for sea lions measured at 2, 4, and 8 ?C water... ................................................................................................ 173 50 Comparison of the metabolic expenditures for captive Steller sea lions in flowing, 8 ?C water and modified model results for sea lions with 1, 2 , and 3 cm of blubber...

  10. Mountain Lion 'MmJUN7-r946 WQDOS HOLE, MASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mm ^m' ''AzM. Mountain Lion 'MmJUN7-r946 WQDOS HOLE, MASS CIRCULAR 6 FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE U. S For sale by the Superintendent of Documents Washinston 25, D. C. : Price 5 cents #12;MOUNTAIN LION TRAPPING Service nPHE AMERICAN MOUNTAIN LION (Felis concolor) is one of J- the largest predatory animals

  11. FECAL DNA ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF MOUNTAIN LION PREDATION OF BIGHORN SHEEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    FECAL DNA ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF MOUNTAIN LION PREDATION OF BIGHORN SHEEP HOLLY B. ERNEST Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Abstract: We analyzed fecal DNA to identify individual mountain lions (Puma) in the Peninsular Ranges of California from 1993­1999. We identified 18 different mountain lions at 26 bighorn sheep

  12. THE SEALS, SEA-LIONS, AND SEA OTTER OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hispida (RINGED SEAL) Erignathus barbatus (BEARDED SEAL) Monachus schauinslandi (HAWAIIAN MONK SEAL the title implies that these animals are to be found along the Pacific Coast, one species, the monk sealTHE SEALS, SEA-LIONS, AND SEA OTTER OF THE PACIFIC COAST Marine Biological Laboratory OODS HOLE

  13. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    to leave the dock, enter the water, swim to the beach, andsea lion had jumped into the water at the cue of Match, the

  14. Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierotti, Raymond

    2013-03-07

    Review of Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific.

  15. Ecological and allometric determinants of home-range size for mountain lions (Puma concolor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    Ecological and allometric determinants of home-range size for mountain lions (Puma concolor) INTRODUCTION Mountain lions (Puma concolor) are distributed through- out much of California, including the Sierra Nevada mountains, Coastal Ranges, eastern Sierran deserts and suburban areas. Despite our

  16. Green Lion Bio Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion Bio Fuels

  17. Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaffka, Stephen R.

    2009-01-01

    supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel Petroleum† et al. 2007). Some

  18. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Register Notice, Volume 80, No. 164 - Aug. 25, 2015 Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC: Federal Register Notice, Volume 80, No....

  19. Foraging Ecology of Lactating Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) at Lovushki Island, Russia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivier, Paul

    2015-04-29

    A key objective of the National Marine Fisheries Service recovery plan for Steller sea lions (SSL – Eumetopias jubatus) is to protect critical habitats. Doing so relies in part on knowledge of SSL ecology based on time-depth ...

  20. Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    250 Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina Mariano Nacional de la Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina E-mail address: koen, Argentina Mariano A. Coscarella Centro Nacional Patagónico (CONICET) and Universidad Nacional de la

  1. PREY OF THE STELLER SEA LION, EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS, IN THE GULF OF ALASKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the recent emphasis in offshore oil and gas devel- opment and the resulting potential for reduction or change of Alaska. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program Final Report. Juneau Project Office, P pinnipeds with largely overlapping distributions. METHODS Between 1975 and 1978, 250 sea lions were col

  2. 1407 Letters to the Editor 1407 merged sea lion uses intensity cues to localize under-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    1407 Letters to the Editor 1407 merged sea lion uses intensity cues to localize under- water sound Pinnipeds,"in Studies of Captive Wild Animals. edited by H. Markowitz and V. Stevens(Nelson-Hail, Chicago. J. McGillandJ.P. Goldberg,"Pure-toneintensitydis- orimination and energy detection," J. Aeoust. SCc

  3. The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias juba-tus) is the largest of the Otariidae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the North Pacific Rim from California to Japan. Individuals breeding at rookeries1 located along the west North Pacific Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) population Kenneth W. Pitcher1 Peter F. Olesiuk2 population size as approximately 46,000-58,000 animals. 2 Pacific Biological Station Department of Fisheries

  4. The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    The Cost of Male Aggression and Polygyny in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) Leah R territory sizes were associated with lower estimates of female fecundity within the same year. Female growth rate by lowering female fecundity. Females may attempt to offset male-related reductions in female

  5. Foraging behavior of juvenile steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrader, Wendy Jane

    2007-09-17

    Bernd Würsig Committee Members, Fran Gelwick Doug Biggs Head of Department, Robert Brown May 2006 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences iii ABSTRACT Foraging Behavior of Juvenile Steller Sea Lions... in the Gulf of Alaska. (May 2006) Wendy Jane Schrader, B.A., University of California, Santa Cruz Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Markus Horning Dr. Bernd Würsig Relating the behavior of predators to prey density is an important aspect...

  6. BiL4i|h@ EtU@ Q b @h3L 2ff L? 4i?L _ SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EtU@ Q b @h3L 2ff L? 4i?L _ SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *@*ic tLTh@ H t sxr u@hi *Ec fc i ~ ' Efc c f n |Ec fc f n rEfc fc E@ AhL@hi ?@ hi||@ o T@tt@?|i Tih *

  7. If the behavior of otariids at sea is similar to that exhibited by the entangled sea lion, then drowning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a larger net. Additionally, because the net was so tightly wrap- ped around the sea lion's neck, necrosis swimming could continue to tighten the net. Although several authors (Scordino and Fisher fn. 1) have, easily iden- tified by the eight dark saddle-like bl

  8. his issue of Resource is about the future of agriculture, so let's talk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    more from the earth's limited resources, we have a huge challenge, and a huge opportunity. A recent and a half bil- lion residents. Those millions need to eat ... " ... and they will need shelter, water

  9. Characterizing the winter movements and diving behavior of subadult Steller sea lions (eumetopias jubatus) in the north-central Gulf of Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Holly Beth

    2007-04-25

    Steller sea lion distribution, indicated by grey areas on the map ......................3 2 Map displaying 2003 and 2004 SSL capture sites in PWS and Resurrection Bay, Alaska... 33,000 and 75,000 animals (Trites and Larkin 1996, Calkins et al. 1999, Loughlin and York 2000, Sease and Taylor 2001). 3 Fig. 1. Current Steller sea lion distribution, indicated by grey areas on the map (NOAA/NMFS/NMML). Prince...

  10. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2 ti||i4Mhi 2ff2 +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L . T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||LcUL? . i H t CDOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2#12; ti||i4Mhi 2ff2 +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L . T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||LcUL? . i H t CDOD u@hi *hi *hi _@|L _@**i i^@3L? % n + &5 ' c &% n + n 5 ' & c &% n + ' UL? & T@h@4i|hL hi@*i E@ AhL@hi @*Lh _ & Tih U

  11. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2 ti||i4Mhi 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2 ti||i4Mhi 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *hi *hi _@ U#12; @ AhL@hi ?@ M@ti _i* ?U*iL i ?@ M@ti _i**hi sff E i s!E _Li ' e 2e2 n e#12

  12. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q D B}?L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q D B}?L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *hi *? % n + n 5 ' f i 2% + ' f E@ #4Lt|h@hi Ui *@ *LhL ?|ihti3L?i i ?@ hi||@ , i |hL@h?i *i i^@3L? E2 T

  13. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2 6iMMh@L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q 2 6iMMh@L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *hi *hi _@|L _@**i i^@3L? E|%n2+|5 ' | c %|+n25 ' UL? | T@h@4i|hL hi@*i E@ AhL@hi ? @*Lhi _ | Tih U * tt|i4@ ?L? @ tL*3L

  14. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q b }i??@L 2ff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q b }i??@L 2ff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *hi *?i % + n 5 ' f i * T?|L @ ' Ec c @ tUhihi *hi||@ T@tt@?|i Tih @ i Lh|L}L?@*i @ Z ?| #12; M

  15. BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q S w}*L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    BiL4i|h@ EW?uLh4@|U@ Q S w}*L 2fff +ULh_L *i hi}L*i _i* }LULG tL||L SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *hi * 5 hULh_ Ui rR@? ij i * tL||LtT@3L }i?ih@|L _@ i||Lh UL?|i?| ?i**@ T@hi?|it E@ @*UL*@hi *i _4i

  16. Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall toUranium MarketingYear Jan Feb Mar AprYear Jan0064772Average

  17. The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;ii ABSTRACT The primary goal of my study was to develop a bioenergetic model to predict the food requirements of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). An important component of the bioenergetic not resume growth until sometime after November. The bioenergetic model was used to estimate the food

  18. Commissions Thses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Prsident UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arleo, Angelo

    Commissions Thčses et HDR FRANCOISE Jean-Pierre, Président UMR 7598 LABORATOIRE JACQUES-LOUIS LIONS jean-pierre.francoise@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 85 61 LACOMBE Corentin, Gestionnaire ADMINISTRATION DE L'UFR 929 corentin.lacombe@upmc.fr 33 1 44 27 79 88 COLMEZ Pierre UMR 7586 INSTITUT DE MATHEMATIQUES DE

  19. A review of "The Huguenot Soldiers of William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah." by Matthew Glozier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward M. Furgol

    2003-01-01

    and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2002. xi + 228 pp. + 4 illus. $69.95. Review by EDWARD M. FURGOL, NAVY MUSEUM, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, D.C. As an early modern military historian the title of the book...

  20. Science Sunday at the Seymour CenterLife and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Science Sunday at the Seymour Center­­Life and Death on the Central Coast: Thriving elephant seals and declining sea lions--what's going on? Santa Cruz, CA--The Seymour Center at Long Marine Lab kicks-off Science Sunday on February 21 at 1:00 PM. Science Sunday at the Seymour Center is a new monthly science

  1. Simulation par la théorie de la fonctionnelle de la densité de l'interaction de l'ion uranyle avec les surfaces de $TiO_{2}$ et de $NiFe_{2}O_4$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perron, Hadrien

    2007-01-01

    Simulation par la théorie de la fonctionnelle de la densité de l'interaction de l'ion uranyle avec les surfaces de $TiO_{2}$ et de $NiFe_{2}O_4$

  2. www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Mark D.

    www.geotimes.org38 Geotimes n April 2004 Energy & Resources Robert J. Kamilli and Mark D. Barton about $500 bil- lion to the U.S. gross domestic product. Even if it produced no mineral resources whatso it is the world's largest consumer of mineral resources. Responsible and sustain- able utilization of mineral

  3. IEEE Communications Magazine June 2010112 0163-6804/10/$25.00 2010 IEEE NANO-TECHNOLOGY IN COMMUNICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Increased demand for seamless connectivity with intelligent ambient systems and unrestricted mobility-chip, chip-to-chip, and board-to-board communica- tions by reducing the resistivity of conductors like copper. As data rates approach 10 bil- lion b/s, the dimension of copper wires approach- es the mean free path

  4. 11march2007 Blowing in the wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genton, Marc G.

    in Scotland, the largest in the USA is planned for southern California, and the biggest offshore wind farm in development) can take advantage of stronger ocean breezes. Just over 15 offshore wind farms are currently a planned 1000 MW at a capital cost of Ł2 bil- lion. Most offshore wind farms are located in water less than

  5. Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Privacy Failures in Encrypted Messaging Services: Apple iMessage and Beyond Scott E. Coull Red of communication among consumers around the world. Apple iMessage, for example, handles over 2 bil- lion message evaluation focuses on Apple iMessage, the attacks are completely generic and we show how they can be applied

  6. Evolution of Complex Hierarchical Peter Turchin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavrilets, Sergey

    Evolution of Complex Hierarchical Societies Peter Turchin University of Connecticut Sergey investigated with mathematical models, and its predictions were tested empirically by constructing a database encompassing hundreds of millions (and in one case, over a bil- lion) of humans. Social Evolution & History

  7. EMBO reports VOL 9 SPECIAL ISSUE 2008 2008 EUrOPEAn MOLECULAr BIOLOgy OrgAnIzAtIOnS34 science & societyscience & society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanski, Ilkka

    released an enormous amount of energy, comparable with 10 bil- lion Hiroshima-sized nuclear bombs of coping with the global environ- mental deterioration that we are inflicting upon ourselves. I therefore argue that the most prevalent threats to our societies and our environment are caused by the mis- match

  8. NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAAlNMFS Developments u.s. Seafood Exports in 1988 Set Record; Fish Consumption Down The United States exported $2.2 bil lion worth of seafood in 1988, making it the best year ever, and beating the 1987 record export figure by 37 per cent, the National Oceanic and Atmos pheric Administration (NOAA

  9. Large Visual Repository Search with Hash Collision Design Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and could possibly scale to bil- lions of images on high-end servers managed by several companies. Current servers and that number is growing. Accommodating search queries from its one billion users is a daunting, there is a growing environmental concern caused by the excessive energy con- sumed by the data servers of large

  10. 95AUGUST 2010 Published by the IEEE Computer Society0018-9162/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xin "Shane"

    - operated Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig exploded, killing 11 workers and injur- ing 17, and sending on fishing, tourism, and deepwater drilling (banned by the federal gov- ernment in the wake of the spill), and the ultimate cleanup, reclamation, and litigation costs will be in the bil- lions of dollars. In short

  11. Lion and Map of Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack [writer of accompanying material

    2012-03-05

    TRANSCRIPTION; MESSAGE: 2-15 PM; Aug 31-18; Dear [illegible] Jim; P/C To Hand all okay at the Bell Cheer o having a fine Time all is Well Jack; SENT TO: J Doyle Esq; 119 Woodland Rd; Cardiff; S.W

  12. Bil DO"N 'l''~W. GE DOCUMENT NO. 79SDS4207 DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    .................................... 2-1 2.1 Introduction .............................. 2-1 2.2 Stirling Engine/Helium Pump Integrated Test ......... 2-1 2.3 Stirling Engine/Linear Compressor Integrated Test ......... 2-3 3 PRODUCT-3 3.3 Stirling Engine ...................... 3-6 3.3.1 Summary ................................ 3-6 3

  13. Miljdiplomeringj p o e g Nulgesanalys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    svarat bil men ingen verkar ĺka bil hela vägen. En person har angivit samĺkning till pendeltĺget. #12

  14. Lion Energy SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchemRemodelers CouncilLink toEnergy SA

  15. Lion Television films at Oak Ridge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015TrayDevices -

  16. THe sZ DeVIce for cerVIcal sPIne sTaBIlIsaTIon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    after decompression, as well as certain degenerative and chronic pain conditions. Dynamic stabilisation is limited due to the size of bone mass and the proximity of nerves and blood vessels. Posterior dynamic of development The device is at the design stage, but will quickly move to prototype and clinical testing

  17. Shallow gas off the Rhone prodelta, Gulf of Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    in press. What controls shallow gas in Western Adriatic Sea?L. , Arntsen, B. , 2003. Gas chimneys – indicating aseismic maping of shallow gas in the Belgian coastal zone.

  18. The Glory of a Lion is his Mane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (probably) Armitage, William [illustrator

    2012-03-05

    ) techniques such as high pressure CO2 injection may normally be required to recover oil in place in carbonate reservoirs. This study addresses how different rock types can influence the seismic monitoring of CO2 sequestration in carbonates. This research...

  19. Imara Corp formerly Lion Cells | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:HydrothermallyIFBIdea OneIllumitex JumpImara Corp

  20. EA-415 Lion Shield Energy, LLC | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLC to exportEndure Energy,VitolSaracen Power toElanOrder

  1. "That's My Kind of Animal!" Designing and Assessing an Outdoor Science Education Program with Children's Megafaunaphilia in Mind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migliarese, Nicole Lynne

    2011-01-01

    mammalian vertebrates combined: bear, mountain lion, coyote,treatment) combined: bear, mountain lion, coyote, porcupine,

  2. Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2005 CommissionReport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operator to also report generation (in kilowatt-hours), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as

  3. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    experience with mirrors to efficiently use the properties ofwith mirrors to do so efficiently, much like human children

  4. No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea Lions Eumetopias jubatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    899 No Evidence for Bioenergetic Interaction between Digestion and Thermoregulation in Steller Sea and Trites 1997). This increase in me- tabolism during digestion has often been treated in bioenergetic little or no interaction between these two bioenergetic parameters (e.g., Klassen et al. 1989; Mac

  5. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01

    a street vendor, a double-decker bus, various other motorKong’s red taxis and double-decker buses passing by Honga replica of an old double- decker tram or ride on the back

  6. Incorporating uncertainty in spatial structure for viability predictions: a case study of California sea lions (Zalophus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    State University, Tempe, AZ, USA 2 CICIMAR-IPN, La Paz Baja California Sur, Mexico Keywords California) and Holmes & Fagan (2002) modified and tested a DA method for datasets corrupted by observation error

  7. Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Sarah Y.T.

    2013-01-01

    314   Figure 19: The menu of the Starbucks bing320   Figure 20: The interior of Starbucks bingbeen commodified (i.e. the Starbucks on Duddell Street has

  8. Human Disturbance Influences Reproductive Success and Growth Rate in California Sea Lions (Zalophus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    . To do so requires an understanding of the impact of human activities and changing environmental States of America, 2 Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State (Zalophus californianus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Increased human presence was associated

  9. Variation of mitochondrial control region sequences of Steller sea lions: the three-stock hypothesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Alyson Renee

    2004-09-30

    -statistics at the regional level. The Commander Islands clearly associate with Alaskan western stock rookeries, not with the Asian rookeries. Within each of the three stocks there is significant isolation by distance among rookeries. This relationship does not hold...

  10. Changes in auditory sensitivity with depth in a free-diving California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    of sound energy, because of the air­ water barrier at the tympanic membrane, where theoretically, almost tanks, and may not accurately represent the auditory functioning of free-ranging animals, especially if hearing sensitivity changes with water depth. Underwater auditory thresholds were determined

  11. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01

    discrete spatio-temporal offshore MPAs for lactating femalewith fisheries. Moreover, offshore MPAs designed for the2 (Hoyt, 2011). Almost no offshore protected areas (feeding

  12. Weak Polygyny in California Sea Lions and the Potential for Alternative Mating Tactics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologi´a (Scholarship No. 95802). The funders had no role in study design

  13. Can Sea Lions’ (Zalophus californianus) Use Mirrors to Locate an Object?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Heather M.; Webber, Krista; Kemery, Alicia; Garcia, Melissa; Kuczaj, II, Stan A

    2015-01-01

    yellow and orange Nerf © football, and a small yellowobject to present (e.g. , Football, Box, Broom, or Rope) to

  14. VOCAL COMMUNICATION AND INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN BREEDING SOUTH AMERICAN SEA LIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    on several acoustic traits. We identi ed four calls for adult males: high pitched call or HPC (aggressive agonistic encounters); and two for adult females: mother primary call or MPC (female-pup interactions for their mothers, if nursing was interrupted, or when trying to nurse). Our results suggest that male's HPC

  15. Potential Non-lethal Deterrence Methods for Pacific Harbor Seals and California Sea Lions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · pyrotechnics (e.g., bird screamers, bangers, underwater firecrackers, cracker shells) · starter pistols

  16. DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    , comparable to those in Hawaiian monk seals, and higher than those in southern elephant seals. The health risk

  17. Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

    2014-01-01

    Monument for the Hawaiian monk seal and Desertas Islands insuch as the Hawaiian and Mediterranean monk seals (Monachussuch as the Hawaiian and Mediterranean monk seals (Monachus

  18. Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA

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    Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

    2010-01-01

    should be removed, or acid mine drainage should be treated.cost of ongoing acid mine drainage, and use those revenueshighly impacted by acid mine drainage and urbanization. Past

  19. How to Replace a Lion? Hawai'i Prepares for Budget Life Without Dan Inouye

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    Belt, Todd L.

    2015-01-01

    the labeling of genetically modified foods, and a bill toof genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food called for

  20. Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT

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    Navet, Nicolas

    Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANÇOISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

  1. ECOLOGY OF MOUNTAIN LIONS (Puma concolor) IN THE NORTH DAKOTA BADLANDS: POPULATION DYNAMICS AND PREY USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in creating and maintaining the automated GPS location retrieval system and database of locations; I know. You always had words of wisdom and encouragement to help me through the many "character building. Grove) driving out in the middle of the night to help with captures. Brian Hosek was integral

  2. How to Replace a Lion? Hawai'i Prepares for Budget Life Without Dan Inouye

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belt, Todd L.

    2015-01-01

    Target Land Development, GMO. ” Honolulu Star-Advertiser,say there is no nutritional difference between GMO andnon-GMO foods, and labels will increase the price of food. A

  3. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC | Department of EnergyServices, LLC:Energy, LLC |

  4. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-415 Lion Shield

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | Department ofMarketing, LLC |Inc.:

  5. Recharging U.S. Energy Policy: Advocating for a National Renewable Portfolio Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunt, Robin J.

    2007-01-01

    $0.40/ kilowatt-hour, and wind power cost $0.60/ kilowatt-hour, then the marginal cost of wind power would be $. 0.20/subsidizes the marginal cost of wind power in the case of

  6. 2011 U.S. Small Wind Turbine Market Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    production is 100,000 to 130,000 kilowatt-hours per year, and the turbine offsets an energy rate of 10 cents to 12 cents per kilowatt-hour. The turbine is expected to generate...

  7. The Diurnal Path of the Sun: Ideology and Interregional Interaction in Ancient Northwest Mesoamerica and the American Southwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathiowetz, Michael Dean

    2011-01-01

    such animals as bears, mountain lions, bighorn sheep, andPaquimé, including bison, bear, mountain lion, antelope and

  8. Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A2-48318

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wh kilowatt-hour LED light emitting diode MECO Maui Electric Company MWh megawatt-hour NAECA National

  9. The Daily Gazette Sunday, February 8, 2015 http://www.dailygazette.com/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radke, Rich

    on electrical energy costs unless they can get them with rebates." Kilowatt-hour prices also have something

  10. Tom Bills Sculpture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bills, Tom; Roth, David

    2013-01-01

    Tom BilIs",The Detroit Focus, Fall 88, Illustrations.Made In America",The Detroit Freepress Magazine,.Rosenstein Gallery, Detroit, MI. Manhattan Art Gallery

  11. Observations on the incidence and significance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in food fish for captive California sea lions, Zalophus californianus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beleau, Marshall Harold

    1973-01-01

    Since V. arahaemol ticus is known to be pathogenic to humans and mice, and also pathogenic to dogs and cats experimentally, ' there is a possibility the organism will elicit a similar reaction in sealions. [11 Personal Communications: K. N. Gray, Sea-Arama... at Sea-Arama Marineworld, Galveston, Texas and eight maintained at the Naval Undersea Research and Develop- ment Center, San Diego, California were used for fecal examinations. Serum samples from four Z. californianus maintained at Sea-Arama...

  12. Cap de Creus canyon: a link between shelf and slope sediment dispersal systems in the western Gulf of Lions, France 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeGeest, Amy Louise

    2006-04-12

    river, ~160 km to the NE). It is hypothesized that the westernmost Cap de Creus canyon is intercepting the regional sediment-transport pathway and directing it offshore, allowing significant sediment export through this area. The overall goal...

  13. Cyclical changes in seroprevalence of leptospirosis in California sea lions: Endemic and epidemic disease in one host species?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    Book R: A Language and Environment for StatisticalR Development Core Team: R: A Language and Environment for Statistical

  14. MATLAB package for solving Box-Constrained Integer Least

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    BILS: MATLAB package for solving Box-Constrained Integer Least Squares Problems User's Guide Xiao. This MATLAB package provides the solution to the BILS problem. The purpose of this document is to show how to use this package. For the theory and al- gorithms implemented in this package, see the paper "Solving

  15. Electric $ales and revenue 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-01

    This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

  16. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3: Nuclear Energy Consumption, Price, and Expenditure Estimates, 2013 State Nuclear Electric Power Nuclear Fuel Consumption Prices Expenditures Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu...

  17. Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Philip Robert

    2012-01-01

    of energy are incident on the Earth per square foot persquare feet per square mile, translating to 12.2 billion kilowatt-hours of energy

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6: Geothermal Energy Consumption Estimates, 2013 State Geothermal Energy Electric Power Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Power Total Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu...

  19. Lighting in the Library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by your library lights E Kilowatt-hours consumed by your library lights F Annual cost of operating your library lights H Current lighting index for your library ...

  20. Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-48267

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -conditioning KIUC Kauai Island Utility Cooperative kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy M&V measurement

  1. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and amortization ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost

  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9: Wind Energy Consumption Estimates, 2013 State Commercial Industrial Electric Power Total Commercial Industrial Electric Power Total Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu Alabama 0...

  3. Underwater Mirror Exposure to Free-Ranging Naďve Atlantic Spotted Dolphins (Stenella frontalis) in the Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne; Herzing, Denise

    2013-01-01

    false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and Californiafalse killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and sea lions (

  4. Marine Mammals Enact Individual Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delfour, Fabienne

    2010-01-01

    false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and Californiafalse killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) and sea lions (

  5. PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    installed) as well as the operations-and-maintenance ("O&M") cost (˘ per kilowatt-hour generated spacing and injection rates that minimize the rate of decline in net generation with time. INTRODUCTION calls for minimizing the levelized cost of power (˘ per kilowatt-hour) over the project life. Minimizing

  6. BiL4i|h@ EtU@c4@|i4@|U@ i ?uLh4@|U@ L? 4i?L _ SD T?| t _ii hTi|ihi *L tUh||Lc |h@ SD i H t ghyh u@hi *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catenacci, Roberto

    i H t ghyh u@hi *hi *|hUi ` ' |Ec c n rEc fc i *@ hi||@ E@h@M*i TihU i _Ti?_i _@* ?4ihL hi@*i & oE& ' Ec fc f n Ec &c f E@ AhL@hi @*Lh _ & Tih U * T@?L i *@ hi||@ ?L? t ?|ihtiU@?L Ee T?| EM AhL@hi * T?|L _ ?|ihti3L?i |h@ * T@?L ` i

  7. O t?sknotach poety My?li przez Ivana Hribovška podpowiedziane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joanna, Pszczo?a

    2011-01-01

    Prispevek se osredinja na poezijo slovenskega vojnega pesnika Ivana Hribovška in na njegovo življenjsko zgodbo. Avtor je bil v domovini (pod komunisti?no oblastjo) prepovedan in zamol?an. Tako on kot njegova poezija sta ...

  8. CX-011364: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bil3 Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Reliable Room-Temperature Nuclear Materials Safeguarding CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10/29/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

  9. A method to study global spatial patterns related to sensory perception in scalp EEG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Yusely; Pockett, Susan; Freeman, Walter J III; Gonzalez, Eduardo; Li, Guang

    2010-01-01

    1996), monkey (Freeman and Van Dijk, 1987), ger- bil (Ohl et2867–87. Freeman WJ, Van Dijk BW. Spatial patterns of visualvan Walsum A-M, van Dijk BW. Nonlinear synchronization in

  10. ELECTRICAL LOAD MANAGEMENT FOR THE CALIFORNIA WATER SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krieg, B.

    2010-01-01

    DWR Bulletin 194. Hydroelectric Energy Potential inmore than 6 bil- of hydroelectric poweL of view of energyfrom peak demand Daytime hydroelectric Two wate:r age) would

  11. Nadon'sHealth-careInlorlladon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hospital bed utilization, and inventory management of pharmaceutical supplies: .bil1ing for healthcare to patient diagnosis. testing, monitoring, treatment. and health management; billing for healthcare services; and asset management of healthcare resources. Healthcare deliveryis a collaborative process. with many

  12. El Mobile World Congress reuneix a finals de febrer desenes de milers de tecnlegs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabellos-Aparicio, Albert

    pretén convertir 365 dies l'any la Ciu- tat Comtal en el cor de les tecnologies mòbils, fomentant-ne l'ús per part de la ciutadania i promovent les tecnologies més avançades. La mobilitat no és una tendència. No només cal ser usuaris dels serveis i tecnologies mòbils, cal disposar de gent motivada per crear i

  13. Control of alongshore-oriented sand spits on the dynamics of a wave-dominated coastal system (Holocene deposits, northern Gulf of Lions, France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    by relative sea-level changes, and is successfully analysed with 2D sequence stratigraphy cross-shore models. It is observed that in areas like the Maguelone shore, traditional sequence stratigraphy methods might the neighbouring Rhône deposits that display numerous thick deltaic sequences related to a continuous sediment flux

  14. Nuclear and mtDNA lineage diversity in wild and cultured Pacific lion-paw scallop, Nodipecten subnodosus (Baja California Peninsula, Mexico)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersen, Jessica L.; Ibarra, Ana Maria; May, Bernie

    2010-01-01

    in panmixia. The proportion of variation explained betweensigni?cant proportion of the variation (3.8%) is explained

  15. Lion and Lamb—The Strong Black Woman Gets Abused: “Afflictions of Specialness” in Post-Feminist and Post-Civil Rights Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Samantha N.

    2009-01-01

    Wave: A Reader in Feminist Film Theory, ed. Linda Nicholson.Domestic Violence in American Films. Violence and AmericanGormley, Paul. The New-Brutality Film: Race and Affect in

  16. Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AEA Alaska Energy Authority Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hawaii Energy The percentage of total utility revenue is used to establish a target budget for the PBF. The surcharge is set on a cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) basis to meet the...

  18. Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electric energy delivered to the final user has an energy equivalent to 3,412 British thermal units (Btu). Figure E1, below, tracks how much energy was used by the various...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that reduce energy usage through more efficient electrical commercial and industrial processes may qualify for an incentive that is the lesser of either 12 cents per kilowatt-hour...

  20. Sustainable Energy in Remote Indonesian Grids: Accelerating Project...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rate of return kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy LED light-emitting diode MW megawatt MWe megawatt electric NAL Nirmala Agro Lestari NGOs...

  1. CBECS 1992 - C&E Detailed Table Word Definitions

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    in the Northeast that used electricity as an energy source used 9.3 kilowatthours of electricity per square foot." Demand-Metered Buildings--Buildings that have meters to...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  3. lighting in the library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plan: the number of watts (I); the number of kilowatt-hours (J); its annual electricity cost (K); the carbon dioxide greenhouse gas created by the electricity produced (L); and...

  4. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8: Solar Energy Consumption Estimates, 2013 State Electric Power Residential a Commercial b Industrial b Electric Power Total Million Kilowatthours Trillion Btu Alabama 0 0.1 0.0...

  5. Coeur Rochester, Inc.: Plant-Wide Assessment of Nevada Silver Mine Finds Opportunities to Improve Process Control and Reduce Energy Consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-10-01

    The Coeur Rochester silver mine in Nevada would save almost 11 million kilowatt-hours and $813,000 annually by implementing the five energy efficiency projects described in this ITP case study.

  6. The State of the Columbia River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -fired power plant using the least- expensive natural gas. The Council's Fish and Wildlife Program directed.8 cents per kilowatt-hour. That is about half the cost of power from the most efficient natural gas

  7. LM to Meet Energy Metering Goals Through Enhanced Data Collection...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    water each day. The pumps used in these wells consumed 3,899,472 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity in FY 2013, causing the preserve site to account for more than 88 percent of...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Definition A PEV is defined as a vehicle that: Draws electricity from a battery with a capacity of at least four kilowatt-hours and is capable of being charged from an external...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Trust Fund The renewable energy fund, known as the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust Fund, is supported by a non-bypassable surcharge of 0.0005 per kilowatt-hour (0.5...

  10. Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    saving over 30,000 gallons of gasoline, 37,242 gallons of diesel, 9,820 gallons of propane, and producing 217,350 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity each year. The...

  11. Webinar: Award-Winning LEEP Campaign Sites Demonstrate Big Savings in High Efficiency Parking Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign is saving nearly 45 million kilowatt-hours and $4 million annually by upgrading its partners to high efficiency lighting in over 500,000 parking spaces.

  12. SunShot Initiative: Making Solar Energy Affordable for All Americans (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    Through SunShot, DOE supports efforts by private companies, universities, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour, making solar energy affordable for more American families and businesses.

  13. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wind (All), Biomass, Wind (Small), Hydroelectric (Small) Net Metering Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the...

  14. 6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    consume up to 38,000 kilowatt-hours, resulting in high energy bills. To help businesses save energy and money, the Energy Department today announced new standards aimed at making...

  15. Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This annual corporate tax credit is equal to $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity produced and sold by the taxpayer to an unrelated party during a given tax year. For new facilities (plac...

  16. Electric power monthly, July 1995 - with data for April 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-07-01

    This publication provides statistical data on net generation, fuel consumption, fossil fuel stocks, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on fossil fuel stocks and costs are also included.

  17. Fan System Optimization Improves Production and Saves Energy at Ash Grove Cement Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-05-01

    This case study describes an optimization project implemented on a fan system at Ash Grove Cement Company, which led to annual energy and maintenance savings of $16,000 and 175,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh).

  18. Cross-linguistic studies of lexical access and processing in monolingual English and bilingual Hind?-English speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Gowri Krovi

    2006-01-01

    tiger letter/papers lightbulb lightning/thunder switch lionleaf leopard/cheetah lightbulb lion lips lipstick lock log

  19. Local information Downtown Restaurants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, G. Jogesh

    Lion Inn), Adam's Apple (220 E College) · Coffee shops: Saint's Café (123 W. Beaver), Starbucks (141 S

  20. United States Forest Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkeley California 94701 Mountain Lions: Pre iminary FindingsonHome-Range Use and Density in the Cenfia, Donald L.; Steger, George N.; Bertram, Ronald C. Mountain lions: preliminary findings on home-range use December 1985, 19 mountain lions were captured, radio equipped, and monitored daily within a por- tion

  1. HumanWildlife Conflicts 2(2):194199, Fall 2008 How people should respond when

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by a black bear, mountain lion, or wolf, most respondents said to fight back. Opinion was divided over, carnivores, grizzly bear, human­wildlife conflicts, mountain lion, predator attacks, wolf Attacks by large). Black bears (Ursus americana), grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), mountain lions (Puma concolor), and gray

  2. Engineering peptides to promote stabilizing interactions in the solid state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sandipan; Thompson, S.; Camarda, K.; Topp, E.

    2006-10-25

    py rro lid on e ( PV P) an d pe pt ide ty ro sin e r es id ue s c an st ab iliz e p ep tid es ag ain st de am id ati on in th e s oli d sta te2 . U nf or tu na tel y, un de sir ab le co va len t r ea cti on s w ere al so ob se rv ed 3... la bil e (A sn ), an d th e po ssi bil ity o f inc lu di ng m ult ipl e sta bil izi ng r es id ue s. W e hy po th es ize t ha t no n- co va len t int era cti on s be tw ee n pe pt ide s a nd PV P i n s olu tio n m ay ar ise...

  3. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  4. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-20

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  5. Sigla: MAT-223 Profesore: I Markina.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markina, Irina

    Banach sobre el operador inverso. Operadores conjugados. Junio 9 -- Junio 13* Junio 16 ­ Junio 20 Calculo diferencial en los espacios de Banach. Diferenciabilidad débil y fuerte. Conexión entere dos definiciones. Junio 23 ­ Junio 27 Aplicaciones a calculo variacional. Junio 31 ­ Julio 4 Certamen 3, Examen

  6. Image Processing Feb. 26, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdem, Erkut

    : Partial Differential Equations and the Calculus ofVariations, G. Aubert and P. Kornprobst, 2nd Edition later #12;About BIL717 · This course provides a comprehensive overview of fundamental topics in image ForVision And Image Processing, Edited by A. Blake, P. Kohli and C. Rother, MIT Press, 2011 #12

  7. Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008), pages 713720 Manchester, August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    713­720 Manchester, August 2008 Almost Flat Functional Semantics for Speech Translation Manny Rayner1-d'Arve CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland Emmanuel.Rayner@issco.unige.ch Pierrette.Bouillon@issco.unige.ch 2 UCSC Germany's Verbmo- bil (Wahlster, 2000) and SRI's Spoken Language Translator (Rayner et al., 2000

  8. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    Nigeria and Angola would capture $3.5 tril- lion in cumulative oil and gasOil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6, 2008. Abuja, Nigeria.

  9. Date: 1/14/2009 10:41:06 AM - Purdue University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan 14, 2009 ... lariat h I'Energie Atomique, Masson, Paris, (1984). 6. G. Duvaut and J .-L. Lions, Ineqaalitiel in Mechanics and Physics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, ...

  10. Evaluating Wildlife Corridor Linkages: Do Freeway Underpasses Connect the Peninsular and Transverse Mountain Ranges?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Michelle L.

    2011-01-01

    some lessons from mountain lions in Southern California.and J.L. Doherty. 1985. Managing mountain goats at a highwaythe Peninsular and Transverse Mountain Ranges? A Thesis

  11. Russian Regional Flags: Flags of the Subjects of the Russian Federation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platoff, Anne M.

    2009-01-01

    of the flags have wild ani- mals—five have lions, three havedown from the clouds toward the ani- mal, strengthening its

  12. From the letter of Newton to Oldenburg (to be forwarded to Leibniz ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-09-06

    Later Newton's students, “jackals of the lion”, as L. T. Moore calls them, said that Leibniz stole his calculus from Newton by deciphering the above sentence.

  13. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fuel costs account for the lion's share. Therefore, we present below, electricity generation output by fuel type and generator type. Since the generatorfuel mix of utilities...

  14. On the analysis of a non-isothermal model for superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-31-00

    Sep 3, 2003 ... electro-magnetic energies through Joule heating. ...... [20] J. L. Lions, Control of Distributed Singular Systems, Gauthier-Villars, Paris. (1985).

  15. BRYN EVANS Curriculum Vitae AUGUST 2014 BRYN ELEN HUTCHINS EVANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerial telemetry - 60+ flight hours Kill site analysis of deer mortalities Mountain lion feeding site analysis Set baited and unbaited trail cameras Hair snares for black bear DNA Plant ID and habitat-tailed deer via darting Tule elk via darting, helicopter netting Mountain lion via hounds, live trapping

  16. Results (cont.) Trends for each site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    attendance. Sites were mapped using Google Earth.Weather data were obtained through OGIMET website for Adak. Effects of weather (mild versus severe based on average wind speed or wind gust velocity) on sea lion Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) and Weather During the Non-breeding Season in the Western Aleutian Islands

  17. Design and Implementation of a Thrust-Vectored Unmanned Tail-Sitter with Reconfigurable Wings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    and expanded polyolefin (EPO) foam, U-Lion is equipped with an array of avionic components which enable stable. The propulsion of U-Lion comes from a self-fabricated contra-rotating motor fixed on a gimbal mechanism which can change the direction of the motor for the required thrust. This thrust-vectored propulsion system

  18. Journal of Theoretical Biology 249 (2007) 218234 The influence of vigilance on intraguild predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Robert D.

    2007-01-01

    , Palomares and Caro (1999) found 97 pairwise interactions between mammalian carnivores, with 27 top predator are killed by lions (Panthera leo; Laurenson, 1995; Schaller, 1972). Interestingly, however, Palomares, and lions are believed to never consume the cheetahs they have killed (Laurenson, 1995; Palomares and Caro

  19. Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    electric or oil-fired water heaters but significantly reduces energy consumption. Using air conditioning assessment of an energy-saving heat pump water heater. As a result of the work described in these volumes of kilowatthours of electric energy. With over fifteen manufacturers now marketing them, HPWHs have become a viable

  20. Using and Measuring the Combined Heat and Power Advantage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, T.

    2011-01-01

    compared to other power generation systems. Fuel Charged to Power (FCP) is the fuel, net of credit for thermal output, required to produce a kilowatt-hour of electricity. This provides a metric that is used for comparison to the heat rate of other types...

  1. Electric sales and revenue 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 341 Table E1. Estimated Primary Energy Consumption in the United States, Selected Years, 1635-1945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Renewable Energy Electricity Net Imports TotalCoal Natural Gas Petroleum Total Conventional Hydroelectric in the American Economy, 1850-1975, Table VII. Conventional Hydroelectric Power: Energy in the American Economy as the difference between hydroelectric consumption and hydroelectric production times 3,412 Btu per kilowatthour

  3. BEFORE YOU START WRITING: Read the assignment. An excellent paper that does not cover the assigned topics will always be heavily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    , and your approach! Don't waste space with unrelated facts. For example, if your focus is on LED lighting is bleeding. Its time we answered her call" OR "LED lighting will revolutionize the way we think of lighting by saving millions of kilowatt-hours of electricity and thousands of maintenance hours," (LED Lighting

  4. William Lloyd Bircher Dissertation Committee for William Lloyd Bircher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    data center energy usage in the United States reached 61 billion kilowatt-hours (KWh) at an annual cost USD. The nature of energy usage in these systems provides an opportunity to reduce consumption.S.E.E.; M.S.E. Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of The University of Texas

  5. Media Release Dr. Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    in consumption patterns as there are no penalties associated with over-consumption." Changing the way we use, "Second, customers with low energy consumption can and do cross- subsidize customers with high energy per kilowatt-hour can be a mechanism to encourage customers to reduce energy consumption, since

  6. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Haiti; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Haiti, an independent nation that occupies the western portion of the island of Hispaniola in the northern Caribbean Sea. Haiti’s utility rates are roughly $0.35 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  7. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Palau; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Palau, an independent island nation geographically located in the Micronesia region. Palau’s residential electricity rates are approximately $0.28 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - American Samoa; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of American Samoa, the southernmost territory of the United States. American Samoa’s residential electricity rates are approximately $0.29 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  9. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Trinidad and Tobago; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-20

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Trinidad and Tobago, a two-island nation located off the coast of Venezuela. Trinidad and Tobago’s electricity rates are some of the lowest in the Caribbean at approximately $0.04 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), well below the regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Barbados; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Barbados, an independent nation in the Lesser Antilles island chain in the eastern Caribbean. Barbados’ electricity rates are approximately $0.28 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  11. GreenCharge: Managing Renewable Energy in Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    and changing environmental conditions. Since the energy consumption density, in kilowatt-hours (kWh) per square foot, is higher than the energy generation density of solar and wind deployments at most locations on both the total number of participating consumers and the total amount of energy contributed per

  12. Nuclear Power: "Made in China" Andrew C. Kadak, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity and energy for its huge population. At the moment, on a per capita basis, China's electricity consumption is still only 946 kilowatt-hours (kwhrs) per year, compared to 9,000 kwhrs per year for the developed world and 13,000 kwhrs per year for the United States.1 However, China's recent electricity growth

  13. MA 16010 - Exam 2 Practice Exam 2 1. Given f(x) = x2 sinx . Find f/(x ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-13

    The price of one kilowatt-hour of electricity is given by p(t)=(t2 + 2t)2, where p(t) is the price in dollars and t is years after 2014 (so 2015 corresponds to t = 1.).

  14. Seventh Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan nwcouncil.org/7thplan O-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    credit kWh LCOE Kilowatt-hour Levelized cost of energy LED lighting Light-emitting diode - solid state Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 PV Photovoltaics REC RPM Renewable energy credit Regional resource cost VRF Variable refrigerant flow WECC Western Electricity Coordinating Council WEPT Web

  15. Compressed Air Project Improves Efficiency and Production at Harland Publishing Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-05-01

    Case study describing a project which configured a printing machine so that it consumes less compressed air and required lower pressure to operate effectively. Project replicated throughout the company, leading to energy cost savings of $200,000 per year, or 2.9 million kilowatt-hours.

  16. Sustainable Energy --without the hot air David J.C. MacKay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    units. Energies are expressed as quan­ CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION Wind: 20 kWh/d Wave: 4 kWh/d Solar heating units that appear on household energy bills; and powers are expressed in kilowatt­hours per day (k1 Sustainable Energy -- without the hot air David J.C. MacKay Synopsis We have an addiction

  17. Sustainable Energy without the hot air David J.C. MacKay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    person in kilowatt-hours (kWh), the same units that appear on household energy bills; and powers1 Sustainable Energy ­ without the hot air David J.C. MacKay Synopsis We have an addiction energy from fossil fuels; Britain, 90%. And this is unsustainable for three reasons. First, easily

  18. IIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIII ll IIIIIIII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apr 16, 2012 ... Maximum Cost: IFM - 65.00. Copyright ... This results in substantial differences in cost of owner- ship. ..... requires 50 kilowatt—hours per week}. In mobile deploy ... omy for up to three months, energy storage require- ments of ...

  19. Electricity Monthly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    10.19 -0.4% 723 11.5% 1,448 Total 10.35 5.7% 308,997 7.0% 648,003 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration Total average revenues per kilowatthour averaged 10.35...

  20. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10.11 -2.8% 638 13.4% 7,187 Total 10.15 3.3% 282,002 0.9% 3,421,349 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration Total average revenues per kilowatthour were 10.15 cents in...

  1. Senate Bill No. 1036 CHAPTER 685

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portfolio Standard Program. The renewables portfolio standard program requires that a retail seller of total kilowatthours sold to retail end-use customers each calendar year (renewables portfolio standard markets, and renewable energy resources. Existing law establishes the Renewable Resource Trust Fund

  2. Office of the President AGENDA ITEM 301 September 7, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capecchi, Mario R.

    of 85 million kilowatt-hours of green electricity (green.) certified renewable energy and solar panel options: renewable energy certificates, onsite generation and utility green power products. 3 and helps biologists better explore the data they are generating. 6. Mayor Ralph Becker presented the Book

  3. Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The maximum tax credit that can be claimed for a qualified system in any one year is $2 million. The tax credit for wind and biomass* systems equals $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for the first 200...

  4. Princeton Univer sity Plasma Physics Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the average person than the prospect of reducing the cost of power by a fraction of a :mill per kilowatthour is defined as 10 BTU, a nu:mber probably :meaningless in itself to all of us. So:meone has calculated #12

  5. Fact #822: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Battery-electric vehicles have capacities ranging from 12 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in the Scion iQ EV to 85 kWh in the Tesla Model S. Plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles typically have smaller battery...

  6. Mathematics and Energy With the exception of humans and some chemosynthetic ecosystems powered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russo, Bernard

    an argument for the fol- lowing claim: The most economical (as in "cheapest"), fastest, and most reli- able various forms of energy: electric, mechanical, chemical, 151 #12;152 Mathematics for the Environment heat are no doubt familiar with is the kWh, i.e., the kilowatt-hour. For electric energy you pay about 10 cents

  7. Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies in Canada IEA Heat Pump Workshop London, UK November 13 in the world, with an average of 16,995 kilowatt-hours per annum. #12;Canada's Context for Heat Pumps Impacts avenues: Ground source heat pumps for cold climates (heating and cooling) Reversible air source heat

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Curacao; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Curacao, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Curacao’s utility rates are approximately $0.26 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  9. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Guadeloupe; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-27

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Guadeloupe, an overseas region of France located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Guadeloupe’s utility rates are approximately $0.18 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Antigua and Barbuda; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-20

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Antigua and Barbuda, an independent nation in the Leeward Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Antigua and Barbuda’s utility rates are approximately $0.37 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), which is above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  11. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Bonaire; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Bonaire, a special municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Bonaire’s utility rates are approximately $0.35 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  12. August 14, 2003 ---Home Site Index Site Search/Archive Help --Welcome, jmd@mit.edu Member Center Log Out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    power is 6.7 cents per kilowatt-hour, compared to 4.2 cents for coal and natural gas (when the price the costs of producing electricity from new nuclear, coal and natural gas plants. The model focuses the carbon dioxide product of coal and natural gas combustion, raises the cost of coal to 5.4 cents

  13. Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The maximum tax credit that can be claimed for a qualified system in any one year is $2 million. The tax credit for wind and biomass* systems equals $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for the first 200...

  14. Evaluating a Master's Degree Program via Distance Education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Kemp, Janie; Treviñ o, Polly; Tong, Fuhui; Castillo, Raymond

    2010-10-22

    -1 Evaluating a Master?s Degree Program via Distance Education Dr. Rafael Lara-Alecio Janie Kemp Polly Trevi?o Fuhui Tong Raymond Castillo TTVN Conference Galveston, TX January 18, 2006 Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Program Dept... and High School Levels Online Program Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Programs ? Undergraduate Program ? Currently 105 undergraduate students working toward teaching degree and certification in Bil/ESL ? Master?s Program ? First Master?s...

  15. A pedigree study of Arabian horses in the United States of America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazder, P. J

    1952-01-01

    Animals. Diagram Showing Interrelationship Between the Jellabiet Feysul Female Line and the 14ale Lines of Saklavi I and Jamil El Kebir. Interrelationships of Important Stallions of the Zobeyni Hale Linea " RUTl. ". 8. &52. an inixed sta3. lion...

  16. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish Hydropower Operations Minimize Hatchery Straying Manage Competition and Predation Actions Reduce Sea Lion Predation Reduce the effects of Hydropower Operations Protect spawning in developing criteria to select projects · Four projects submitted to BPA for 2011 · Fourteen in preparation

  17. Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and Workshops, III. The First Generation Mycenaean Masters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1984-01-01

    Master, Late 7: M V Lion Master, Other Objects 8, 9: Mrsrcr of the Gold Cup, NMA 656 @ 5 ,AA\\lqD 10 +)A1AL John G. Younger 55 Fig. 3 27, 22: M-Y Lion Master: pylos Jewel 23: M-Y Lion Master: Pimple-Eye Sheep 24: M Y Lion Master: Vapheio Dogs 25-30: Buxom... context); abronze dagger NMA 747 and a sword NMA /4g, both from Shaft Grave V 4::":r:t:d sealtngs. Kn HMs 336.(KSPI L 5O), Kn HMs 369 (KSpI Ec), Kn HMs 321(KSPI R J7)/AT 146/Kz zo, and Kn no No. 115 (Betts r2jlAT n4:; AT 112, 11.3,144, and 117lSK 8; and...

  18. The effects of exercise on stereotypic pacing in circus tigers and the effects of transport environments on body temperature of circus tigers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nevill, Christian Heath

    2002-01-01

    Two experiments were conducted that examined the housing and transportation of tigers and lions that perform in circuses. The first experiment involved allowing tigers access to an exercise pen for 0, 20, or 40 minutes a day, and other than...

  19. Cross-country study on the promotion of new pharmaceutical products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundu, Jayeeta

    2006-01-01

    Detailers are one of the most powerful components of pharmaceutical marketing. Drug manufactures spend a lion's share of their marketing budgets on their detailers, and with direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing coming under ...

  20. A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Cinema: Shakespeare's Comedies in Film and Television

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamb, Wendy Nicole

    2010-01-01

    it is a lion, a female brewery owner, or an action star, thesilly film set in Elsinore Brewery that follows the comedicas they go to “Elsinore Brewery” to try to get free beer.

  1. Collaboration for Community and Forest Well-Being in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belsky, Jill M.

    bears, mountain lion, elk, moose, deer, coyote, and cold-water fLh describe something of the ruggedness. The Mission Mountain and the Bob ikfarshall WiIdernessAreas, the Flathead National Forest, the PLum Creek

  2. GOLDFISH AND THEIR CULTURE IN JAPAN By Shinnosuke Matsubara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a strawberry. 111 this state it is called" shishi- gashira (lion-headed) 'ranchu." Owing to the fact form with strawberry-like protuberances on the head. The body is big and longer than that of the ryukin

  3. ACCELERATION SYSTEMS FOR HEAVY-ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltens, A.

    2010-01-01

    ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION A. Fa1tens, D. L.ION BEAMS FOR INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION A. Faltens, D.L.generation through inertial confinement fusion have been set

  4. 06/09/2006 09:03 AMScienceDaily: Swimming Robot Tests Theories About Locomotion In Existing And Extinct Animals Page 1 of 2http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060530200046.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Jr., John H.

    feeds | Free newsletter Madeleine, a biologically inspired underwater robot, is helping scientists To Trot, Study Finds Related Encyclopedia Articles Earless seal Sea Lion Ichthyosaur Fossil record Harbor : Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior Encyclopedia Prehistorica Dinosaurs

  5. Aerobic capacities in the heart, kidneys, and splanchnic organs of harbor seals: adaptations to diving hypoxia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuson, Amanda Lynn

    2002-01-01

    Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) have an elevated mitochondrial volume density [Vv(mt)] and citrate synthase (CS) and ?-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOAD) activity in their swimming muscles, to maintain aerobic metabolism, as an adaptation...

  6. Negotiating with Bounded Rational Agents in Environments with Incomplete Information Using an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    Department of Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel 52900. bDepartment of Government and Politics issues over which mil- lions of lives are at stake, such as interstate disputes [25] and nuclear

  7. A comparison of diversity in the zfy gene in two species of pinnipeds with different breeding strategies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweny, Jason Michael

    2006-04-12

    Sequence variation was examined for the Zinc-finger Y (zfy) gene and the mitochondrial control region for two species of pinnipeds, the Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The two species ...

  8. Organized Workers and the Making of Los Angeles, 1890-1915

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stansbury, Jeffrey D

    2008-01-01

    his inability to negotiate a buyout of that company and thethe city to complete its buyout as quickly as possible andonly $1.5 mil- lion on the buyout itself. Organized labor

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Expression of Purinergic Receptors in Non-melanoma Skin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    has risen signi˘cantly over the last 10 y (Holme et al, 2000). An esti- mated 2.75 million cases of NMSC are diagnosed per year world- wide (Strom and Yamamura, 1997), with approximately one mil- lion

  10. THE TALE OF A GEOMETRIC INEQUALITY S.Tabachnikov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabachnikov, Sergei

    Olympiad, where the following problem was given: A lion runs inside the round arena of a circus. The radius and more transparent. Another problem with the Lagarias­Richardson approach is that it does not prove

  11. Status report on a solar photovoltaic concentrating energy system for a hospital in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.; Curtis, G.; Yuen, P.

    1983-06-01

    The largest parabolic concentrating photovoltaic/solar thermal system in the U.S. began producing electricity and hot water for a hospital on the island of Kauai, Hawaii in November 1981. Each of the 80 parabolic collectors is 6 feet by 10 feet and concentrates incident sunlight on photovoltaic cells mounted on two faces of the receiver at the focus. Although the 35 kilowatt system has been designed to produce 22,000 net kilowatt-hours per year of electricity and 620,000 gallons of 180 F water, electrical output (12 to 15 kilowatt-hours per day) is only 20 percent of that expected, primarily because insolation at the site has been only 40 percent of predicted values. A second problem with fungal attack on the receivers has been solved by better sealing. The system has also withstood a hurricane with negligible damage.

  12. The United States and disarmament, 1921-1934 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Roy

    1968-01-01

    be abolished. To this utterly z idiculous lIsaiah 2 proposal, the lion and tiger, looking sideways at the rhinocerous, declared, "Horns must be abolished. " Siding with the rhinocerous, the bull said, "Paws, and especially claws must be abolished. " "Claws.... Once inside the relative safety of their quarters, the animals began to look upon one another with a friendlier attitude. 2 The Prussian "eagle", the Eritish "lion", the Russian "bear" and all the European powers whose parallels may readily...

  13. habitat 58 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    Binders (Lion through Valero) .................................................... 30 Figure II-9. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged PMAs and Base Binders (Wright through MnRoad) ........................... 32... xii Page Figure II-10. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged PMAs and Base Binders (Lion through Valero) .................................. 32 Figure II-11. Ductility versus DSR Function [G'/(?'/G')] for PAV* and ER Aged...

  14. Commercial and Industrial Conservation and Load Management Programs at New England Electric 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, P. H.

    1987-01-01

    yearly energy consumption by approximately 335,000 megawatthours. In 1986, peak system demand was 3,657 megawatts and annual sales were 18 billion kilowatthours. New England Electric System (NEES) is a public'utility holding company headquartered... in Westborough, Massachusetts. Subsidiaries include three retail operating companies -- Massachusetts Electric Company, which serves 850,000 customers in 146 communities; The Narragansett Electric Company, which serves 294,000 customers in 27 Rhode Island...

  15. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Guam; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Guam, an island territory of the United States located in the western Pacific Ocean. Guam’s electricity rates for residential customers start at $0.21 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the average U.S. rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.1,2 Like

  16. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Federated States of Micronesia; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Federated States of Micronesia, a sovereign nation and U.S.-associated state in the western Pacific Ocean. The Federated States of Micronesia’s electricity rates for residential customers exceed $0.48 U.S. dollars (USD)/per kilowatt-hour (kWh), nearly four times the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a commonwealth in political union with the United States that is located in the northern Pacific Ocean. CNMI’s electricity rates for residential customers range from $0.19 to $0.33 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  18. Electric power monthly, March 1998 with data for December 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-03-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  19. Revolution vs. Devolution in Kansas: Teaching in a Conservative Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cudd, Ann E.

    2007-01-01

    the “smart growth” Progresive Lawrence party. Kansas is rightfully the butt of many jokes these days, from liberals like Bil Maher and Jay Leno. It is home to the meanest Christian in the world, Fred Phelps, the minister who pickets the funerals of AIDS... forward again when trust is restored. I cal this the bridge strategy because it is an atempt to build a bridge to the fundamentalist students that they can cross to the feminist side of the chasm. Even if this bridge can be succesfully built, it wil alow...

  20. Glasovna podoba slovenskega jezika skozi ?as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-01-01

    - nih zaimkov, npr. i`e, e`e ’ki (m., sr. ed.)’. Ta proces je prizadel nekatere oblike celo neetimolo{ko, npr. ve~er > ve~e, pri ~emer je bil kon~ni segment preinterpretiran kot kazalna partikula. Po drugi strani pa so zahodno od Jire~kove ~rte oblike.../pospapers/bethin.pdf France BEZLAJ, 1958: Predslovanski ostanki v sloven{~ini. Na{a sodobnost 6/2. 673–693. Florin CURTA, 2002: From Kossina to Bromley. Ethnogenesis in Slavic Archaeology. On Bar- barian Identity. Critical Approaches to Ethnicity in the Early Middle Ages...

  1. Suppression of automotive radio frequency interference 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Cleon Crosby

    1969-01-01

    of the spark plug and dlstribijtor gap brcakdo'sns is r epr educed by sc'ri tchi ng from an equiva- lent capacj cor befo'. gap Lreakdo'sn to an equivalent gap res j stance aiel:i ndu'':!nce dur. , nrJ b i akdo~sn This capa- bil i tV i ' . &ne &of the major... into lumped clem!'. nts and by providing equiva. 'ent cir uits for the disirib!!tor and spark plug gapa in both co! ducting and non ? conducti. ng states. Unfor unatcly, the state variable rr. odel recuires a grea. i deal of computer time in order...

  2. China's Pathways to Energy Security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01

    43, 2009) 220,000 bpd of Kazakhstan’s total oil exports of 1.0 million bpd goes to China Kazakhstan is a major oil nation, with more oil reserves (30 bil. Barrels est) than the US and half that of Russia Kazakhstan the only Cen. Asian nation... increasingly concerned about China’s economic clout China’s economy still export driven - Attempting to create a larger domestic market China’s demand increase between 2006 - 2020 Coal: 7,400% Copper: 600% Iron Ore: 380% Wood: 330% Soy: 80% Manganese: 30...

  3. Metafizika bede (Attila József, A. B. Šimi?, Sre?ko Kosovel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luká cs, Istvá n

    2009-01-01

    Expressionism was the most influential artistic movement among the Central-European Avantgarde. It developed at almost the same time as it did in Hungarian, Croatian, and Slovenian literature and was based on “hybrid-poetical construction...Ekspresionizem je bil najmo?nejša smer srednjeevropskih avantgardnih literarnih gibanj. V madžarski, hrvaški in slovenski književnosti se je razvijal skoraj isto?asno pod neposrednim nemškim vplivom, na osnovi koncepta »hibridne poetike«. Že to dejstvo bi upravi?evalo primerjalno analizo književnosti tega prostora, kar pa se vse do zdaj ni zgodilo....

  4. Contested identities and the Muslim Qaum in northern India : c. 1860-1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaidi, S Akbar

    2009-03-10

    Publishinu House, Ness Delhi, 1978; Das id Lela s eld, t li; ýýrh '. s l first Generation.:. 11uslim . ti'O/idara y in British India, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1978; Hatt Malik, Sir Sved . 'lhmad Khan and . tfuslin, . 1todcrnisation in India... , September 187 5. Hie c\\, irt title of the tract is: ' ('rtiva! -ul-%I'a. s'ka fit Tannin bil lk a '. The title is in Arabic but the pamphlet is in Urdu. 10 . S'f(1! cme'»t of Particulars RL'garding Books, . 1lap. ti & c., Published in the \\orth-11...

  5. Supplement 16, Part 3, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Trematoda And Cestoda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dorothy B.; Humphrey, Judith M.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1967-01-01

    .) Acanthoparyphium spinulo- Martin, W. E.; and Bils, R. sum F., 1964 a, pis. figs. 1-11 excretory concretions; formation and fine structure Acanthopsolus oculatus Bauer, 0. N., [1949 b], I63 (Levinsen) Lena river [Myoxocephalus sp.] Acanthopsolus oculatus.... Rausch 1959 Alaria (Paralar?a) mustelae Dubois, G., 196? b, II8 mustelae Key Alaria (B?ralaria) mustelae Dubois, G., 1963 b, II8, 124, canadensis Webster et Wolf- 127, 128, 139, figs. 8-9 gang "1956 [n. rank] Syn.: Alaria canadensis Webster et...

  6. Aggie Band - 1971-1980 - 34 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-11-22

    .) Acanthoparyphium spinulo- Martin, W. E.; and Bils, R. sum F., 1964 a, pis. figs. 1-11 excretory concretions; formation and fine structure Acanthopsolus oculatus Bauer, 0. N., [1949 b], I63 (Levinsen) Lena river [Myoxocephalus sp.] Acanthopsolus oculatus.... Allocreadium Looss, I9OO Roitman, V. ?., I963 d, 3?3 Allocreadiidae Stossich, I9O3 Allocreadium sp. ?Phoxinus czekanowskii] P. percnurus] Bauer, 0. N., [1949 a], II3-114, fig. 3 all from Yenisei river Roitman, V. ?., I963 d, 3II Allocreadium baueri Spassky...

  7. Slovaropisje klasi?nih jezikov na Slovenskem v 16. stoletju

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hriberšek, Matej

    2008-02-01

    , da bi bil slovar pomagalo za dijake latinskih šol; nedvomno pa so ga intelektualci uporabljali pri svojem delu, dijaki pa pri u?enju. Drugi za Slovence pomemben slovaropisni dosežek je Megiserjev Thesaurus polyglottus (Zaklad ve? jezikov ali Slovar... in literarne vede. Ljubljana. Jože STABEJ, 1967: Za?etki slovenskega slovarstva v 16. stoletju. Jezik in slovstvo 12/6, 182–188. – –, 1977: Hieronymus Megiser: Thesaurus polyglottus. Iz njega je slovensko besedje z latinskimi in nemškimi pomeni za Slovensko...

  8. Swine as an alternative enterprise: Mixed Soils Area of West Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masch, William Ray

    1970-01-01

    grain sorghum, preplant irrigation only 87 21. 2. Esti natcd annual irrigated grain s in. ) costs and returns per acre of land for orghum, preplant irrigation only (6 ac. 22. l. Est:imated annual per acre of !and plus three postpl labor, mar...:bine and tracLor for irrigated grain sorghum ant itrigaLions requircmenLs preplan t 22, 2. F. s t i nia t. ed irrigated postplant arinua1 grain s (4 ac. costs and returns per acre orghum, prrplant (6 ac, in. in. ) irrigaLions of land for ) plus...

  9. SunShot Initiative Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE Solar Energy Technologies Office

    2015-04-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national effort launched in 2011 that aggressively drives innovation to make solar energy fully cost competitive with traditional energy sources before the end of the decade. The SunShot fact sheet outlines goals and successes of the program as it works with private companies, universities, non-profit organizations, state and local governments, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour, without incentives, by the year 2020.

  10. Electric sales and revenue 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

  11. Electric sales and revenue 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

  12. Engineering innovation to reduce wind power COE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammerman, Curtt Nelson

    2011-01-10

    There are enough wind resources in the US to provide 10 times the electric power we currently use, however wind power only accounts for 2% of our total electricity production. One of the main limitations to wind use is cost. Wind power currently costs 5-to-8 cents per kilowatt-hour, which is more than twice the cost of electricity generated by burning coal. Our Intelligent Wind Turbine LDRD Project is applying LANL's leading-edge engineering expertise in modeling and simulation, experimental validation, and advanced sensing technologies to challenges faced in the design and operation of modern wind turbines.

  13. SunShot Initiative Fact Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national effort launched in 2011 that aggressively drives innovation to make solar energy fully cost competitive with traditional energy sources before the end of the decade. The SunShot fact sheet outlines goals and successes of the program as it works with private companies, universities, non-profit organizations, state and local governments, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour, without incentives, by the year 2020.

  14. Electric Power Monthly, September 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-12

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

  15. Electric power monthly, February 1998 with data for November 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-02-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  16. Electric power monthly with data for June 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity, and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation by energy source and capability of new generating units by company and plant are also included. A section is included in the report which summarizes major industry developments. 1 fig., 64 tabs.

  17. Electric power monthly, January 1991. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-17

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

  18. Electric power monthly, May 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-25

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  19. Electric Power Monthly with data for July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-10-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 57 tabs.

  20. Electric power monthly, October 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-11

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

  1. Electric power monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-02-01

    The Electric Power Monthly presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Statistics are provided for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt-hour of electricity sold.

  2. Electric power monthly, April 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-07

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  3. Current Output and Adjustment The 0-20mA current output is derived from the 0-10V output.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Robert G.

    . There is no power supplied to the unit or power connections are reversed. The range LEDs are designed such that at least one of the LEDs will be lit whenever power is applied. · Sudden output change and/or no response reviewing these hints, call Lion Precision for assistance at 651-484-6544. · None of the range LEDs are lit

  4. SPIN DENSITY OF THE CANTED MOMENT IN 03B1-Fe2O3 (1) By S. J. PICKART,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    avec des neutrons polarisés. On trouve que cette densité diffčre de celle de l'ion Fe3+. Abstract. 2014 neutrons and found to differ from that of the Fe3+ ion. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 25, MAI 1964, as established by the original neutron diffraction measurements [3], consists of the Fe3 ~ spins in each (111

  5. English 275, Library Research Tools red text =suggested search terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    American Novel 1900­1950 LION Includes Knowledgenotes, primary texts, secondary sources and media Search Note holdings information and print/ electronic access American literary history Note: Limit to option: Uncle Tom Author/Subject(s): Stowe Harriet Beecher MLA Secondary sources A publication of the Modern

  6. FOCUS January 2001 1asdfghjk ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    was due on the president's desk in October. "Look at the effort put into space explo- ration during water for hundreds of mil- lions of people around the world and save the public billions of dol- lars a mouse sick." UV disinfection involves the generation of photons of light energy in the "germi- cidal

  7. Biomass IBR Fact Sheet: Renewable Energy Institute International

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Red Lion Bio-Energy and Pacific Renewable Fuels, is demonstrating a pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery for the production of high-quality, synthetic diesel fuels from agriculture and forest residues using advanced thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies.

  8. Granularity Adaptive Density Estimation and on Demand Clustering of Concept-Drifting Data Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    , issjyin@mail.sysu.edu.cn, lion21@163.com 2 Simon Fraser University, Canada jpei@cs.sfu.ca Abstract, such as stock market and financial data analysis, sensor networks, wireless communication, and net- work traffic (Motivation). In a coal mine, thousands of sensors are deployed in pits to monitor the temperature

  9. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Kushnir, Hadas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37- 41 Mortimer and Ecological Risk Factors for Unprovoked Lion Attacks on Humans in Southeastern Tanzania Hadas Kushnira ; Helga Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania d Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University

  10. ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014 SK1_SEM - Smart City Manager per Ricercatori nella Smart City Docente: Prof. R. Laurini Professore emerito all'INSA di Lione Fellow del Knowledge preferenze dei clienti orientano le vendite promozionali ICT nella Smart City · 1 ­ Generalitŕ sulle Smart

  11. Over the eons, Earth has veered wildly from frozen to baked, from teeming with life to nearly devoid of it. It has survived impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : the rapid development of the Antarctic ice sheets 34 mil- lion years ago. Carbon dioxide levels in the at,asrocksweatheredintotheocean, coolingthingsdownevenmore. While the Earth was locked into a deep freeze, carbon dioxide that spewed from volca- noes. Living creatures were confined to remote nooks such as glacial beds and deep-water vents heated from

  12. White Course White Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Arthropod Research Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion Visitors Center C12 Chambers E3 Chandlee Lab G4 Chemical Ecology Lab A12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab

  13. LIMITED ACCESS from UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, G. Jogesh

    Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bag House H3 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab G8 Computer Building E7 Corn Breeding Lab B11 Dairy Complex A9

  14. White Course White Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Arthropod Research Building A12 Arts Cottage F5 Bank of America Career Services F7 Beard Field (Nittany Lion12 Chemistry F5 Coal Utilization Lab G8 Computer Building E7 Corn Breeding Lab B11 Dairy Complex A9

  15. M I T C H E L L A V E E C O L L E G E A V E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Adam D.

    House D2 Bank of America Career Services B6 Beard Field (Nittany Lion Softball Park) A7 Beaver Stadium A3 Chambers B3 Chandlee Lab C4 Chemistry C4 Coal Utilization Lab C7 Computer Building B6 Davey Lab C4

  16. Implementing autonomous crowds in a computer generated feature film 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, John Andre

    2006-04-12

    to the next, and their behavior changes. Despite the existence of sophisticated commercial crowd system packages like MassiveTMand BehaviorTM, many studios still use in-house software. For instance, in the movie ?The Lion King? (1994) Disney chose an in-house... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 B. Animation Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 C. User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 V RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 A. Crosstown Express...

  17. Eos, Vol. 87, No. 26, 27 June 2006 The production of heat by radioactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Seth

    come from nuclear beta decay in the Earth, but they also can be produced by similar processes in the Sun and nuclear reactors. The Earth is glowing with neutrinos. Mil- lions of these uncharged to discover neutrinos from a nuclear reactor: a large vat of clear liquid viewed by inward- looking

  18. 3.1 Presettlement and Historic Fish and Wildlife Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Americans in the Kootenai area hunted deer, elk, caribou, moose, mountain goat, mountain sheep, bear COMMUNITIES black and grizzly bears as being present. Vanek points out that by the late 1880s mountain lions left; elk are very rare; moose are likely killed out; grizzly bear are very rare; and beaver, mountain

  19. Curriculum Vitae Holly Ernest DVM, MS, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    diversity of wild mammal and bird species ranging from bighorn sheep, mountain lions, black bears, and sea of importance to health of wildlife populations in the mountain west. She employs genomic, population biology in the Rocky Mountain West, Pacific Coast including California, and beyond. EDUCATION Ph.D. in Ecology

  20. Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large Organization: What You

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    , Design as an End Product 974 Capital Freed to Take Multiple Shots 974 Conclusion: Innovation and the Lion964 Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large Organization: What You Can Learn from Start-up Companies Reward: How to Foster a Technology-Innovation Culture within a Large

  1. Saving Money with Steam Leak and Steam Trap Surveys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodruff, D.

    2010-01-01

    ?Chemical?Company ?Daikin?America ? Exxon?Mobil ?EKA ?Frontier?Refining?Inc ?GEO?Specialty?Chemicals ?G?E?Plastics ?Hercules ?Huntsman ?ISP?Chemical ?Koch?Refining?Co. ?Lion?Oil?Company ?Lubrizol ?Merck?&?Company ?Motiva ? Novartis ?Oxy?Chemical ?Olin...

  2. Observing the natural world with Flickr Jingya Wang Mohammed Korayem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crandall, David J.

    regularly and sharing them online. These mil- lions of people taking pictures form a massive social sensor phones and cameras record metadata like geo-tags and time-stamps in addition to the images themselves, giving (noisy) calibra- tion information about how this ad-hoc sensor network is arranged. Social media

  3. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2010), pages 215222, Beijing, August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Whilst some countries have advanced sensor net- works, the world remains at risk from the health impacts Organization (WHO) esti- mates that in the future, between 2 to 7.4 mil- lion people could be at risk worldwide- tem exploits a high-throughput semantic process- ing pipeline, converting unstructured news texts

  4. Council Document 2007-19August 2007 Sixth Annual Report to the Northwest Governors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    totalling $851.7 million to mitigate the impacts of hydropower dams on fish and wildlife of the Columbia revenues that result from dam operations that benefit fish and reduce hydropower genera- tion ($397.4 million); and power purchases to replace the forgone hydropower ($168.2 mil- lion). Tables 2

  5. M A R I N E M A M M A L S O F T H E A L A S K A R EG I O N U N I T 2 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steller sea lions range along the North Pacific rim from northern Japan to California, with his- toric and central North Pacific humpback whales, the fin whale, the North Pacific right whale, and the bowhead whale takes exceeding the potential biological removal (PBR) level); and the western U.S. Pacific stock

  6. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 23(3): 496507 (July 2007) C 2007 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sites across the North Pacific Rim for centuries, but it is not known why they choose and stay habitat. Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) inhabit the North Pacific Ocean from central California in the eastern Pacific to northern Japan in the west, where they haul-out on land to breed at 88 known rookeries

  7. Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

  8. EECE International Experience 2014 Rett, Ian, Z, Grace, and Shane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    involves environmental, economic, and social impact. #12;CO2 Emissions vs. GDP "Energy system energy source. Sudden release of methane from clathrate form is a major cause of greenhouse effect. #12 - "Lion City" Now located in the most prosperous area by the bay. #12;Multi-Objective Optimization Real

  9. Renewable Energy Institute International (REII): Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-387

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, D.

    2014-11-01

    NREL will provide the Renewable Energy Institute with detailed on-site biomass gasifier syngas monitoring, using the NREL transportable Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometer. This information will be used to optimize the parameters of the gasifier operation, insuring the quality of the syngas made in the Red Lion Bioenergy gasifier and its compatibility with catalytic conversion to fuels.

  10. College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural and Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    and Biological Engineering I n 2004, the United States used an average of 20 mil- lion barrels of oil per day decades. Today, the U.S. imports 60% of all the oil that is used for our domestic consumption, whereas as recently as 35 years ago, the U.S. imported just 30%. Our dependency on imported oil is a significant

  11. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 342 (2006) 307312 http://france.elsevier.com/direct/CRASS1/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartier, Jean-Philippe

    2006-01-01

    . Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.crma.2005.12.004 #12;308 J.-P. Bartier, J de Versailles, 45, avenue des États-Unis, 78035 Versailles, France Received 16 March 2005; accepted after revision 7 December 2005 Presented by Pierre-Louis Lions Abstract This Note is devoted

  12. Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    Tree mortality in the eastern and central United States: patterns and drivers M I C H A E L C . D I rate due to the small sample size of deaths within individual studies. Still, life cycle analyses have, such as the loss of >1.2 mil- lion ha of pinyon pine forest in the southwestern United States following the 2002

  13. MATERIALS AND MOLECULAR RESEARCH DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2013-01-01

    Basic Energy Sciences and the Division of Advanced Research and Technologybasic researchers are focused on problems of spe- cific interest in energy technologies.Basic Energy Sciences, which went up from $9 mil- lion to $10 million, while the other half is in Energy Technology

  14. Eighth Conference on Radioimmunodetection and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    Eighth Conference on Radioimmunodetection and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancer Supplement to Cancer- therapy of Cancer, Princeton, New Jersey, October 12­14, 2000. Supported by grant no. 1387 from the Swedish Cancer Research Council; the Lions Foundation in Umeĺ, Sweden; the University of Umeĺ, Sweden

  15. A review of "Making Heretics: Militant Protestantism and Free Grace in Massachusetts." by Michael Winship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Dierks

    2003-01-01

    Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2002. xi + 228 pp. + 4 illus. $69.95. Review by EDWARD M. FURGOL, NAVY MUSEUM, WASHINGTON NAVY YARD, D.C. As an early modern military historian the title of the book excited me...

  16. Bronx Zoo Fuel Cell Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoang Pham

    2007-09-30

    A 200 kW Fuel Cell has been installed in the Lion House, Bronx Zoo, NY. The Fuel Cell is a 200 kW phosphoric acid type manufactured by United Technologies Corporation (UTC) and will provide thermal energy at 725,000 Btu/hr.

  17. Are a Few Neighboring Peers Good Enough? Lili Zhong, Jie Dai, Bo Li, Baochun Li, Hai Jin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    alleviate challenges caused by peer churn. Our results imply that the communication overhead of typical to peer arrivals and departures, commonly referred to as peer churn. Most real-world peer of quality, the ability to scale to mil- lions of peers, and robustness against peer churn. Surprisingly

  18. Enabling Collaborative Data Sharing in Google+ (Technical Report, SEFCOM, March 2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    ,gahn,jan.jorgensen}@asu.edu ABSTRACT Most of existing online social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, are designed to bias at once. Although Google+ can help mitigate the gap between the individuals' expectations and their actual and become a de facto portal for hundreds of mil- lions of Internet users. Facebook, for example, claims

  19. Detection of RNA structures in porcine EST data and related mammals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seemann, Stefan E.; Gilchrist, Michael J.; Hofacker, Ivo L.; Stadler, Peter F.; Gorodkin, Jan

    2007-09-10

    information available in the PigEST resource [33] which contains an assembly of more than one mil- lion EST sequences. One-third of these originates from public available cDNA libraries and two-thirds originate from one normalized and 97 non-normalized c...

  20. A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navet, Nicolas

    A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 April 14, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This pa- per rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

  1. MODULO AND GRID BASED CHANNEL SELECTION IN AD HOC Gareth Owen Mo Adda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    based. Antenna techniques attempt to reduce the interference or mitigate it by for example, directional, University of Portsmouth Buckingham Building, Lion Terrace, Portsmouth England, PO1 3HE {gareth.owen, mo.adda}@port.ac channels. We analyse many techniques requiring only information available locally and those that do

  2. Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    43 Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where? RECENTLY, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL Institutes of Health (NIH) allocated $190 mil- lion for an "Epigenomics" Roadmap initiative (1 to equate the value of this Roadmap initiative with the Human Genome Project, it fails on several grounds

  3. 24. Nuclear? Nuclear power comes in two flavours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    24. Nuclear? Nuclear power comes in two flavours: 1. Nuclear fission. Split up heavy nuclei into medium-sized nu- clei, thereby releasing energy. 2. Nuclear fusion. Fuse light nuclei into medium-sized nuclei, thereby releasing energy. 1 #12;Nuclear energy available per atom is roughly one mil- lion times

  4. Coling 2008: Companion volume Posters and Demonstrations, pages 177180 Manchester, August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - lions of people, but written in Indian East Punjab (20 million) in Gurmukhi script (a Left to Right Right to Left script based on Arabic), and by growing number of Punjabis (2 million) in the EU and the US in the Roman script. Whilst in speech Punjabi spoken in the Eastern and the © 2008. Licensed under

  5. Introduction Trade-offs in locomotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    is kinematically a walk, but kinetically run-like at all speeds. Key words: terrestrial locomotion, independent elusive prey (Fish et al., 2003), sea lions are less agile on the ground than typical terrestrial mammals on the ground. In this study we describe the kinematics of locomotion in both species, and the kinetics

  6. Electric Power Monthly, July 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-10-12

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost in fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 12 refs., 4 figs., 48 tabs.

  7. Electric Power Monthly, June 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-13

    The EPM is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 40 tabs.

  8. Electric power annual 1994. Volume 2, Operational and financial data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-28

    This year, the annual is published in two volumes. Volume I focused on US electric utilities and contained final 1994 data on net generation, fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost. This Volume II presents annual 1994 summary statistics for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are preliminary data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on form EIA-861) and for electric utility financial statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, and demand- side management. Final 1994 data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity and gross generation, as well as supply and disposition information, are also provided in Volume II. Technical notes and a glossary are included.

  9. Electric power monthly, August 1998, with data for May 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-08-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 9 refs., 57 tabs.

  10. Electric trade in the United States 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-08-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

  11. Tax Credits and Renewable Generation (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    Tax incentives have been an important factor in the growth of renewable generation over the past decade, and they could continue to be important in the future. The Energy Tax Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-618) established ITCs for wind, and EPACT92 established the Renewable Electricity Production Credit (more commonly called the PTC) as an incentive to promote certain kinds of renewable generation beyond wind on the basis of production levels. Specifically, the PTC provided an inflation-adjusted tax credit of 1.5 cents per kilowatthour for generation sold from qualifying facilities during the first 10 years of operation. The credit was available initially to wind plants and facilities that used closed-loop biomass fuels and were placed in service after passage of the Act and before June 1999.

  12. Summary Report for Concentrating Solar Power Thermal Storage Workshop: New Concepts and Materials for Thermal Energy Storage and Heat-Transfer Fluids, May 20, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.

    2011-08-01

    This document summarizes a workshop on thermal energy storage for concentrating solar power (CSP) that was held in Golden, Colorado, on May 20, 2011. The event was hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. The objective was to engage the university and laboratory research communities to identify and define research directions for developing new high-temperature materials and systems that advance thermal energy storage for CSP technologies. This workshop was motivated, in part, by the DOE SunShot Initiative, which sets a very aggressive cost goal for CSP technologies -- a levelized cost of energy of 6 cents per kilowatt-hour by 2020 with no incentives or credits.

  13. An Overview of Geothermal Development in Tiwi and Mak-Ban, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raasch, G.D.

    1980-12-16

    Commercial-scale geothermal development in the Philippines began i n 1972 with the completion of the discovery well in the southeastern portion of Luzon Island. A second geothermal anomaly was discovered i n 1975 on the southern flank of Mt . Makiling, forty miles south of Manila. Both fields are being developed and operated by Philippine Geothermal, Inc. (PGI) , a wholly-owned subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California. Currently the Philippines ranks second worldwide in installed geothermal-powered electrical generation capacity with 443 MW and PGI has developed 440 PW of the 443 MW country total. Additional generation capacity is planned or under construction in both fields. Over 1.9 billion kilowatt-hours of electrical power have been produced to date. This represents a savings of approximately three million barrels of imported fuel oil for power generation.

  14. Electric power annual 1997. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Power Annual 1997, Volume 2 contains annual summary statistics at national, regional, and state levels for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; power transactions; and demand-side management. Also included are data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity; gross generation; emissions; and supply and disposition of energy. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. 15 figs., 62 tabs.

  15. Electric power monthly, September 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-17

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  16. Electric power annual 1997. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1 -- with a focus on US electric utilities -- contains final 1997 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1997 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on a monthly sample: Form EIA-826, ``Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions``). Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA.

  17. Building opportunities for photovoltaics in the U.S. Final report [PV BONUS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Nicklas

    1999-09-08

    The objective of the North Carolina's PV Bonus Team was to develop and demonstrate a commercially viable, building-integrated, photovoltaic system that, in addition to providing electricity, would capture and effectively utilize the thermal energy produced by the photovoltaic array. This project objective was successfully achieved by designing, testing, constructing, and monitoring two roof integrated photovoltaic systems--one on a Applebee's Restaurant in Salisbury, North Carolina and the second on a Central Carolina Bank in Bessemer City, North Carolina. The goal of Innovative Design is to now use these successful demonstrations to facilitate entry of building integrated, pv/thermal systems into the marketplace. The strategy was to develop the two systems that could be utilized in future applications. Both systems were designed and then constructed at the North Carolina Solar Center at North Carolina State University. After extensive testing at the North Carolina Solar Center, the systems were moved to the actual construction sites and implemented. The Applebee's Restaurant system was designed to substitute for the roof assembly of a low sloping, south-facing sunspace roof that typically incorporated clay tile. After monitoring the installed system for one year it was determined that the 1.2 kilowatt (peak) system produces an average peak reduction of 1 kilowatt (rated peak is 1.7 kiloWatts), saves 1,529 kilowatt-hours of electricity, and offsets 11,776 kilowatt-hours of thermal energy savings used to pre-heat water. A DC fan connected directly to eight of the thirty-two amorphous modules moves air through air passages mounted on the backside of the modules and into a closed loop duct system to a heat exchanger. This heat exchanger is, in turn, connected to a pre-heat hot water tank that is used to heat the water for the restaurant. The Central Carolina Bank system was designed to substitute for the roof assembly of the drive-in window area of the bank. The design featured a triangulated truss that incorporated ten crystalline photovoltaic modules on one side of the truss and a reflective panel on the opposite side. The system used a utility interactive, programmable inverter and a 18.9 kilowatt-hour battery bank. The system is designed so that a DC fan, connected to one of the modules, forces ambient air across the back side of the modules. In the summer this heat is vented to the outside but in the winter this heated, fresh air is introduced into the building as ventilation air. Like the Applebee's system, the design allowed the entire roof assembly to be constructed off-site, tested, and then shipped to the site in pie-assembled, large components. During the first full year of operation, the 2.2 kilowatt (rated peak is 2.7 kilowatts) system contributed to an average peak reduction of .9 kilowatts. The system, as designed, saves 2,576 kilowatt-hours of electricity and offsets 3,473 kilowatt hours (of a potential thermal benefit of 10,172 collected kWhs) of thermal energy savings that is used as fresh air make-up in the colder months. This report is a summary of their conclusions.

  18. Electric power monthly with data for October 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-01

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  19. Electric Power Monthly, September 1995: With data for June 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  20. Electric power monthly, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the U.S., Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. This April 1994 issue contains 1993 year-end data and data through January 1994.

  1. Electric power monthly with data for August 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-11-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 1 fig., 63 tabs.

  2. Electric power monthly, December 1997 with data for September 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  3. Electric power monthly with data for October 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics are published on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. A monthly utility update and summary of industry developments are also included. 63 tabs., 1 fig.

  4. Electric power monthly, August 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-13

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

  5. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Sandra R.; Johnson, Melvin; McClevey, Kenneth; Calopedis, Stephen; Bolden, Deborah

    1992-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

  6. Electric power monthly, May 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Statistics by company and plant are published on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  7. Electric power monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-19

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 68 tabs.

  8. Electric power monthly, May 1995 with data for February 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-05-24

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisiommakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuel, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  9. Electric power monthly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

  10. Electric power monthly, June 1998, with data for March 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-06-01

    The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and Us levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 5 refs., 57 tabs.

  11. Electric power monthly, May 1998, with data for February 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. The EPM provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 30 refs., 58 tabs.

  12. Electric power monthly with data for January 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  13. Electric power monthly with data for December 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-03-01

    The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  14. Electric power monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-03-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be sued in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  15. Lab Digest or 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    STATION =====-======-=================--===- --- --- - - - BULLETIN NO. I 75. MAY, 1915. DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Distribution and Digestibility of the Pentosans of Feeds. POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS VON BOECKl\\l .\\ ~='1-JONES CO...., P RI NTERS, AUSTI N, TEXA S 19lfi BLANK PAGE IN ORIGINAL A117-715-10m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT ST A liON BULLETIN NO. 175 MAY, 1915 DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY Distribution and Digestibility of the Pentosans of Feeds. BY G. S. FRAPS...

  16. On non-local variational problems with lack of compactness related to non-linear optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Hundertmark; Young-Ran Lee

    2010-08-27

    We give a simple proof of existence of solutions of the dispersion manage- ment and diffraction management equations for zero average dispersion, respectively diffraction. These solutions are found as maximizers of non-linear and non-local vari- ational problems which are invariant under a large non-compact group. Our proof of existence of maximizer is rather direct and avoids the use of Lions' concentration compactness argument or Ekeland's variational principle.

  17. Geology of the Camp San Saba-West area, Mason and McCulloch Counties, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mounce, Douglas Dean

    1957-01-01

    27 0lckory sandstone member 0, t gt"'lp ~. . . . 26 Cap Nouataia lismstoae smmber . Lion Nouatsin sandstone smmber Silberns formation. . . . . . ~ ~. . . . Welge sandstone member . . ~ Norgaa Creek lismstone member . point Peak shale smmber... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ VII. Morgan Creek Iimestones exposed oa the San Saba River. , VIII. Rxposures ot the Poiat Peak shale member . IX. san Saba shale overlying the bioherm sons . . ~ X. Strosmtolitic bioherm with "cabbage heads" . XI. loldiag of sun Saba limestone...

  18. Characterization and quantitative analyses of polychlorinated hydrocarbons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Robert Leary

    1974-01-01

    and quantitativ' analyses of certain poly- chlorinated hydrocarbons (PCB, !iDT and its metabolites in marine biota) were investigated. The occurence ot these compounds were expected at such low concentrations the use of the elec, tron capt gas... of contamination improved the sensitivity of detection of these chlorinated hydro- carbons to the parts per bi'!lion range. A variety of samples from the Gulf of Nexi co and Northern Caribbean were analyzed. The analytical procedure consisted of macerating...

  19. Electric power monthly, July 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels. Data on quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels lag data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the US, Census division, and State level tables. However, for purposes of comparison, plant-level data are presented for the earlier month.

  20. LCLS Laser (in Polish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romaniuk, R S

    2013-01-01

    The most powerful now in the world, American X-ray laser LCLS (Linac Coherent Light Source), has been working as a research and user facility since 2009. It is further developed to LCLSII machine at the Stanford National Accelerator Laboratory SLAC in Menlo Park CA. In a certain sense, LCLS is a response to the EXFEL machine and a logical extension of LCLS. All these machines are light sources of the fifth generation. EXFELis expected to open user facility in 2016, at a cost of over 1 bil Euro. LCLS II, which design started in 2010, will be operational in 2017. The lasers LCLS, LCLS II and EXFEL use SASE and SEED methods to generate light and are powered by electron liniacs, LCLS by a wrm one, and EXFEL by a cold one. The liniacs have energies approaching 20 GeV, and are around 2 - 3 km in length. EXFEL liniac uses SRF TESLA cavity technology at 1,3GHz. A prototype of EXFEL was FLASH laser. SLAC Laboratory uses effectively over 50 years experience in research, building and exploitation of linear electron acce...

  1. Domoic acid production near California coastal upwelling zones, June 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trainer, V L. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Adams, Nicolaus G. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Bill, Brian D. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Stehr, Carla M. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Wekell, John C. (National Marine Fisheries Service); Moeller, Peter (National Ocean Service, Marine Biotoxins Program); Busman, Mark (National Ocean Service, Marine Biotoxins Program); Woodruff, Dana L. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    2000-01-01

    Sea lion mortalities in central California during May and June 1998 were traced to their ingestion of sardines and anchovies that had accumulated the neurotoxin domoic acid. The detection of toxin in urine, feces, and stomach contents of several sea lions represents the first proven occurrence of domoic acid transfer through the food chain to a marine mammal. The pennate diatoms, Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and P. australis, were the dominant, toxin-producing phytoplankton constituting algal blooms near Monterey Bay, Half Moon Bay, and Oceano Dunes, areas where sea lions with neurological symptoms stranded. Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia were also found near Morrow Bay, Point Conception, Point Arguello, and Santa Barbara, demonstrating that these species were widespread along the central California coast in June 1998. Measurements of domoic acid during three cruises in early June showed the highest cellular toxin levels in P. multiseries near Point A?o Nuevo and in P. australis from Morro w Bay. Maximum cellular domoic acid levels were observed within 20 km of the coast between 0 and 5 m depth, although toxin was also measured to depths of 40 m. Hydrographic data indicated that the highest toxin levels and greatest numbers of toxic cells were positioned in water masses associated with upwelling zones near coastal headlands. Nutrient levels at these sites were less than those typically measured during periods of active upwelling, due to the 1998 El Ni?o event. The flow of cells and/or nutrients from coastal headlands into embayments where cells can multiply in a stratified environment is a possible mechanism of bloom development along the central California coast. This coupling of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia growth near upwelling zones with physical processes involved in cell transport will be understood only when long-term measurements are made at several key coastal locations, aiding in our capability to predict domoic-acid producing algal blooms.

  2. James Hannay: His Life and Works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worth, George J.

    1964-01-01

    of warfare undreamed of by its earlier European attackers, men like Baldwin, Guy de Lusignan, and Richard Coeur de Lion. "It was the work of centuries condens ed into an afternoon—the spectacle of ruins made in an hour. The poor Egyptians met death... name and reputation worth redeeming from the obscurity into which they have fallen. Soon after his death in 1873, two of James Hannay's friends, Annie Thomas Cudlip and Dr. James Steele, projected biogra phies, neither of which, unfortunately, came...

  3. The Sealion Corporation- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sea Lion Corporation (SLC), an Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act village corporation, is to conduct an energy efficiency feasibility study with the goal to create jobs by providing funding to train staff to be energy raters as well as weatherization/energy conservation technicians that specialize in building construction and energy savings technologies; and to conduct a feasibility study that demonstrates a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the tribe.

  4. Gunboat and musket: Civil War on the upper Mississippi River, 1861-1862 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Karl William

    1971-01-01

    adviser to Governor Yates, arrived to arrange the transfer of the 10, 000 35 Adamson, Rebel lion in Missouri, 32. 21 36 spare arms to Illinois. Stokes informed Lyon that the steamer City of Alton was just upriver waiting to come down for the pickup... the steamer, it was discovered with horror that the tremendous weight had grounded her. Union troops hurriedly shif ted 200 crates and the ship finally floated free. As his craft drifted 36 Ibid. , 34. Ibid. , 35. Ib id. , 36. 22 into the channel...

  5. Aerial 8-14 micron imagery applied to mapping thermal effect mixing boundaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, Norman Gray

    1970-01-01

    trii. lion are The citations on the following pages follow the style of the Proceedin s of IEEU . useci by the electric power industry. Thermal electric plants heat coolant water 12-13 degrees Fahrenheit. Nuc] ear-fired plants requ're 60 percent... have been detected that have greater thermal contrasts. One such is the thermal ef- fluents from ejectric-power generating plants which may hav- spatial dimensions of one-half mile and thermal contrasts of up to ten Centigrade degrees. It appears...

  6. Project Reports for The Sealion Corporation- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Sea Lion Corporation (SLC), an Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act village corporation, is to conduct an energy efficiency feasibility study with the goal to create jobs by providing funding to train staff to be energy raters as well as weatherization/energy conservation technicians that specialize in building construction and energy savings technologies; and to conduct a feasibility study that demonstrates a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the tribe.

  7. Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2005-01-01

    ...”), made by an agreement or payment, followed by the request to the invisible earth goddess (“mi snang sa’i lha mo..”). The shorter DG does not mention the request to the human owners, beginning with the same wording as in the first lines of NCP... (by dint of) all the Buddha Protectors’ methods of activity and especially, (the bodhisattva) stages and perfections! Just as the Protector, Lion of the Íĺkyas, line 5 overcame the host of Mĺra, So I too have been Victorious over the host of Mĺra...

  8. Development of a fluorescent antibody test for equine infectious anemia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, Thomas Lee

    1972-01-01

    . Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. NT 38 Table 7. (continued) Norse N u 1a b o J. " Days Post- InoculaLion TC'Ill p PAT No' ul L. , GDT Nouul Ls 124 24 25 26 27 95. 3 102. 2 105. 4... for their patience and assistance in preparing this thesis. Special acknowledgem nt is extended to Doctor R. W. Moore for his time and effort in guiding this research. The author also wishes to express appreciation to all the staff of the Department of Veterinary...

  9. Recovery Act. Demonstration of a Pilot Integrated Biorefinery for the Efficient, Direct Conversion of Biomass to Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuetzle, Dennis; Tamblyn, Greg; Caldwell, Matt; Hanbury, Orion; Schuetzle, Robert; Rodriguez, Ramer; Johnson, Alex; Deichert, Fred; Jorgensen, Roger; Struble, Doug

    2015-05-12

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Greyrock Energy and Red Lion Bio-Energy (RLB) has successfully demonstrated operation of a 25 ton per day (tpd) nameplate capacity, pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery (IBR) plant for the direct production of premium, “drop-in”, synthetic fuels from agriculture and forest waste feedstocks using next-generation thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies. The IBR plant was built and tested at the Energy Center, which is located in the University of Toledo Medical Campus in Toledo, Ohio.

  10. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueu()crs 1r.:.nc1 our builc~~inc~ society o.ccount i:) Grouinc; daily. IlUl!.i01tbor tho last nC'il)'slotter 1'1lion "W reported t:,li..1t "liTO l!ud 0IlOUgll l~,OnGy to hiro a cimI'ch hall? \\'!ull,no",I rocJeon it ,r.i.ll run to bra laos as troll...

  11. A comparison of three deer survey techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakestraw, Danny Lee

    1995-01-01

    from rolling hills to steep washes. Upland Vgtt llgdo t day)i yg't (~P glg d 1* ), A't t tl (A~lo ~1' 'd ), d forbs. Shoreline areas, which were occasionally flooded, Hew Mexi, co AMIS - Anu. stad Nat, Reer. Area CACA - Carlsbad Caverns Nat. Park... suitable for normal vehicular travel were Walnut Canyon Road, Scenic Loop Road, and along the flats in the southern portion of the park. Several species of large mammals occurred on the park including mountain lion (/elis concolor), elk (~Cerv s ~lh...

  12. Some aspects of the ecology of Mesothuria lactea Theel, a common bathyal holothurian in the Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carney, Robert Spencer

    1971-01-01

    rieuth iieso! h!ri. ! lactea is o!ie of the riost cori. ;onl r col- lec L'p?1 . 1 . , i oirivor tobraues on thc uprier conti. ne!ital slope Ln the Gul. of ilcxico. ln spite o the !iany specinens sitt. "'iig on:ruseun shelves, thoro is v.... . -~ d' k' i. : ti " P ko i- d t expected variaLion wiLhin the species, buL- there is no indication Cha. t this is simple variation aboi!t o"ie normal condi. Cion. The intermediary ' s f a too rare 'to be the norm and thc two distinct types are far...

  13. Green Ocean Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion Bio

  14. Green Power Conferences | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLion

  15. Green Power Purchasing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreen Power

  16. Green Renewable Energy Ethanol and Nutrition Holding LLC | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreen

  17. Green Shakti | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectricHydro Electric CoGreenHighlandLionGreenShakti

  18. Economizer Based Data Center Liquid Cooling with Advanced Metal Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy Chainer

    2012-11-30

    A new chiller-less data center liquid cooling system utilizing the outside air environment has been shown to achieve up to 90% reduction in cooling energy compared to traditional chiller based data center cooling systems. The system removes heat from Volume servers inside a Sealed Rack and transports the heat using a liquid loop to an Outdoor Heat Exchanger which rejects the heat to the outdoor ambient environment. The servers in the rack are cooled using a hybrid cooling system by removing the majority of the heat generated by the processors and memory by direct thermal conduction using coldplates and the heat generated by the remaining components using forced air convection to an air- to- liquid heat exchanger inside the Sealed Rack. The anticipated benefits of such energy-centric configurations are significant energy savings at the data center level. When compared to a traditional 10 MW data center, which typically uses 25% of its total data center energy consumption for cooling this technology could potentially enable a cost savings of up to $800,000-$2,200,000/year (assuming electricity costs of 4 to 11 cents per kilowatt-hour) through the reduction in electrical energy usage.

  19. Electric trade in the United States, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-01

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

  20. Electric power annual 1998. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-04-01

    The purpose of this report, Electric Power Annual 1998 Volume 1 (EPAVI), is to provide a comprehensive overview of the electric power industry during the most recent year for which data have been collected, with an emphasis on the major changes that occurred. In response to the changes of 1998, this report has been expanded in scope. It begins with a general review of the year and incorporates new data on nonutility capacity and generation, transmission information, futures prices from the Commodity futures Trading commission, and wholesale spot market prices from the pennsylvania-new Jersey-Maryland Independent System Operator and the California Power Exchange. Electric utility statistics at the Census division and State levels on generation, fuel consumption, stocks, delivered cost of fossil fuels, sales to ultimate customers, average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold, and revenues from those retail sales can be found in Appendix A. The EPAVI is intended for a wide audience, including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric power industry, and the general public.

  1. Hydroelectric power in Hawaii: a reconnaissance survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1981-02-01

    The major conclusion of this study is that hydropower resources in the State of Hawaii are substantial, and they offer the potential for major increases in hydropower generating capacity. Hydropower resources on all islands total about 50 megawatts of potential generating capacity. Combined with the 18 megawatts of existing hydropower capacity, hydropower resources potentially could generate about 307 million kilowatt-hours of electric energy annually. This represents about 28% of the present combined electricity needs of the Neighbor Islands - Kauai, Molokai, Maui, and the Big Island. Hydropower resources on Kauai equal 72% of that island's electricity needs; on Molokai, 40%; on the Big Island, 20%; and on Maui, 18%. The island of Oahu, however, has only small hydropower resources, and could only generate a negligible portion of its electricity needs from this energy source. Existing and future (potential) hydropower capacities are summarized, and annual outputs for each island are estimated. Future hydropower facilities are subdivided into two categories, which show how much of the potential capacity is being actively considered for development, and how much is only tentatively proposed at the time.

  2. Hidden benefits of electric vehicles for addressing climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Canbing; Cao, Yijia; Zhang, Mi; Wang, Jianhui; Liu, Jianguo; Shi, Haiqing; Geng, Yinghui

    2015-03-19

    There is an increasingly hot debate on whether the replacement of conventional vehicles (CVs) by electric vehicles (EVs) should be delayed or accelerated since EVs require higher cost and cause more pollution than CVs in the manufacturing process. Here we reveal two hidden benefits of EVs for addressing climate change to support the imperative acceleration of replacing CVs with EVs. As EVs emit much less heat than CVs within the same mileage, the replacement can mitigate urban heat island effect (UHIE) to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioners, benefitting local and global climates. To demonstrate these effects brought by the replacement of CVs by EVs, we take Beijing, China, as an example. EVs emit only 19.8% of the total heat emitted by CVs per mile. The replacement of CVs by EVs in 2012 could have mitigated the summer heat island intensity (HII) by about 0.94°C, reduced the amount of electricity consumed daily by air conditioners in buildings by 14.44 million kilowatt-hours (kWh), and reduced daily CO? emissions by 10,686 tonnes.

  3. DOE/NREL Advanced Wind Turbine Development Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butterfield, C.P.; Smith, B.; Laxson, A.; Thresher, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.] [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.

    1993-05-01

    The development of technologically advanced, high-efficiency wind turbines continues to be a high-priority activity of the US wind industry. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute), sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), has initiated the Advanced Wind Turbine Program to assist the wind industry in the development of a new class of advanced wind turbines. The initial phase of the program focused on developing conceptual designs for near-term and advanced turbines. The goal of the second phase of this program is to use the experience gained over the last decade of turbine design and operation combined with the latest existing design tools to develop a turbine that will produce energy at $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in a 5.8-m/s (13-mph) wind site. Three contracts have been awarded, and two more are under negotiation in the second phase. The third phase of the program will use new innovations and state-of-the-art wind turbine design technology to produce a turbine that will generate energy at $0.04/kWh in a 5.8-m/s wind site. Details of the third phase will be announced in early 1993.

  4. Bird Mortaility at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: March 1998--September 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smallwood, K. S.; Thelander, C. G.

    2005-09-01

    Over the past 15 years, research has shown that wind turbines in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (APWRA) kill many birds, including raptors, which are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and/or state and federal Endangered Species Acts. Early research in the APWRA on avian mortality mainly attempted to identify the extent of the problem. In 1998, however, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated research to address the causal relationships between wind turbines and bird mortality. NREL funded a project by BioResource Consultants to perform this research directed at identifying and addressing the causes of mortality of various bird species from wind turbines in the APWRA.With 580 megawatts (MW) of installed wind turbine generating capacity in the APWRA, wind turbines there provide up to 1 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of emissions-free electricity annually. By identifying and implementing new methods and technologies to reduce or resolve bird mortality in the APWRA, power producers may be able to increase wind turbine electricity production at the site and apply similar mortality-reduction methods at other sites around the state and country.

  5. Proceedings of the workshop on cool building materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, H.; Fishman, B.; Frohnsdorff, G.

    1994-04-01

    The Option 9, Cool Communities, of the Clinton-Gore Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) calls for mobilizing community and corporate resources to strategically plant trees and lighten the surfaces of buildings and roads in order to reduce cooling energy use of the buildings. It is estimated that Cool Communities Project will potentially save over 100 billion kilowatt-hour of energy per year corresponding to 27 million tons of carbon per year by the year 2015. To pursue the CCAP`s objectives, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) on behalf of the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency, in cooperation with the Building and Fire Research Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), organized a one-day meeting to (1) explore the need for developing a national plan to assess the technical feasibility and commercial potential of high-albedo (``cool``) building materials, and if appropriate, to (2) outline a course of action for developing the plan. The meeting took place on February 28, 1994, in Gaithersburg, Maryland. The proceedings of the conference, Cool Building Materials, includes the minutes of the conference and copies of presentation materials distributed by the conference participants.

  6. Electric power monthly, February 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-16

    The Electric Power Monthly (EMP) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  7. Emissions of greenhouse gases from the use of transportation fuels and electricity. Volume 1, Main text

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeLuchi, M.A. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)

    1991-11-01

    This report presents estimates of full fuel-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases from using transportation fuels and electricity. The data cover emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides, and nonmethane organic compounds resulting from the end use of fuels, compression or liquefaction of gaseous transportation fuels, fuel distribution, fuel production, feedstock transport, feedstock recovery, manufacture of motor vehicles, maintenance of transportation systems, manufacture of materials used in major energy facilities, and changes in land use that result from using biomass-derived fuels. The results for electricity use are in grams of CO{sub 2}-equivalent emissions per kilowatt-hour of electricity delivered to end users and cover generating plants powered by coal, oil, natural gas, methanol, biomass, and nuclear energy. The transportation analysis compares CO{sub 2}-equivalent emissions, in grams per mile, from base-case gasoline and diesel fuel cycles with emissions from these alternative- fuel cycles: methanol from coal, natural gas, or wood; compressed or liquefied natural gas; synthetic natural gas from wood; ethanol from corn or wood; liquefied petroleum gas from oil or natural gas; hydrogen from nuclear or solar power; electricity from coal, uranium, oil, natural gas, biomass, or solar energy, used in battery-powered electric vehicles; and hydrogen and methanol used in fuel-cell vehicles.

  8. Hidden benefits of electric vehicles for addressing climate change

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Canbing; Cao, Yijia; Zhang, Mi; Wang, Jianhui; Liu, Jianguo; Shi, Haiqing; Geng, Yinghui

    2015-03-19

    There is an increasingly hot debate on whether the replacement of conventional vehicles (CVs) by electric vehicles (EVs) should be delayed or accelerated since EVs require higher cost and cause more pollution than CVs in the manufacturing process. Here we reveal two hidden benefits of EVs for addressing climate change to support the imperative acceleration of replacing CVs with EVs. As EVs emit much less heat than CVs within the same mileage, the replacement can mitigate urban heat island effect (UHIE) to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioners, benefitting local and global climates. To demonstrate these effects brought bymore »the replacement of CVs by EVs, we take Beijing, China, as an example. EVs emit only 19.8% of the total heat emitted by CVs per mile. The replacement of CVs by EVs in 2012 could have mitigated the summer heat island intensity (HII) by about 0.94°C, reduced the amount of electricity consumed daily by air conditioners in buildings by 14.44 million kilowatt-hours (kWh), and reduced daily CO? emissions by 10,686 tonnes.« less

  9. Is combustion of plastics desirable?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piasecki, B.; Rainey, D.; Fletcher, K.

    1998-07-01

    Managing waste will always entail some tradeoffs. All of the three options--recycling, landfilling and combustion--have some disadvantages. Even landfilling, which produces no emissions, fails to take advantage of the energy value inherent in plastic. Waste combustion, on the other hand, recovers the energy in plastic materials and reduces the volume of disposed solid waste by up to 90% of its initial preburn volumes. However, this management option generates emissions and produces an ash residue that must be managed. As demonstrated by recent test burns, improvements in combustion and air-pollution-control technology have dramatically reduced the health risks from emissions and ash. Recent studies have shown that plastics--in quantities even higher than those normally found in municipal solid waste--do not adversely affect levels of emissions or the quality of ash from waste-to-energy facilities. In addition, waste-to-energy facilities may be a relatively economical source of fuel, and may be a more economic solution to waste management than the other available options. A waste-to-energy plant generally produces electricity that is sold to the electric utilities for approximately six cents per kilowatt-hour, a rate that is competitive with those offered by nuclear power plants and power plants that generate energy by burning fossil fuels.

  10. Impact on the steam electric power industry of deleting Section 316(a) of the Clean Water Act: Energy and environmental impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; Folga, S.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-01-01

    Many power plants discharge large volumes of cooling water. In some cases, the temperature of the discharge exceeds state thermal requirements. Section 316(a) of the Clean Water Act (CWA) allows a thermal discharger to demonstrate that less stringent thermal effluent limitations would still protect aquatic life. About 32% of the total steam electric generating capacity in the United States operates under Section 316(a) variances. In 1991, the US Senate proposed legislation that would delete Section 316(a) from the CWA. This study, presented in two companion reports, examines how this legislation would affect the steam electric power industry. This report quantitatively and qualitatively evaluates the energy and environmental impacts of deleting the variance. No evidence exists that Section 316(a) variances have caused any widespread environmental problems. Conversion from once-through cooling to cooling towers would result in a loss of plant output of 14.7-23.7 billion kilowatt-hours. The cost to make up the lost energy is estimated at $12.8-$23.7 billion (in 1992 dollars). Conversion to cooling towers would increase emission of pollutants to the atmosphere and water loss through evaporation. The second report describes alternatives available to plants that currently operate under the variance and estimates the national cost of implementing such alternatives. Little justification has been found for removing the 316(a) variance from the CWA.

  11. Assessing the Battery Cost at Which Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles Become Cost-Effective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J. D.; Brooker, A. D.

    2013-04-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) validated diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid medium-duty parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reductions and cost implications of hybrid and plug-in hybrid diesel variants. The hybrid and plug-in hybrid variants are run on a field data-derived design matrix to analyze the effect of drive cycle, distance, engine downsizing, battery replacements, and battery energy on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. For an array of diesel fuel costs, the battery cost per kilowatt-hour at which the hybridized configuration becomes cost-effective is calculated. This builds on a previous analysis that found the fuel savings from medium duty plug-in hybrids more than offset the vehicles' incremental price under future battery and fuel cost projections, but that they seldom did so under present day cost assumptions in the absence of purchase incentives. The results also highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle specific daily distance and kinetic intensity.

  12. Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

    2012-09-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

  13. Assessing geothermal energy potential in upstate New York. Final report, Tasks 1, 3, and 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manger, K.C.

    1996-07-25

    New York State`s geothermal energy potential was evaluated based on a new resource assessment performed by the State University of New York at Buffalo (SUNY-Buffalo) and currently commercial technologies, many of which have become available since New York`s potential was last evaluated. General background on geothermal energy and technologies was provided. A life-cycle cost analysis was performed to evaluate the economics of using geothermal energy to generate electricity in upstate New York. A conventional rankine cycle, binary power system was selected for the economic evaluation, based on SUNY-Buffalo`s resource assessment. Binary power systems are the most technologically suitable for upstate New York`s resources and have the added advantage of being environmentally attractive. Many of the potential environmental impacts associated with geothermal energy are not an issue in binary systems because the geothermal fluids are contained in a closed-loop and used solely to heat a working fluid that is then used to generate the electricity Three power plant sizes were selected based on geologic data supplied by SUNY-Buffalo. The hypothetical power plants were designed as 5 MW modular units and sized at 5 MW, 10 MW and 15 MW. The life-cycle cost analysis suggested that geothermal electricity in upstate New York, using currently commercial technology, will probably cost between 14 and 18 cents per kilowatt-hour.

  14. Energy efficiency of electric vehicles at the 1994 American Tour de Sol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quong, S.; Duoba, M.; Buitrago, C.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.

    1994-11-01

    In 1994, the US Department of Energy, through Argonne National Laboratory`s Center for Transportation Research, sponsored energy-efficiency data collection from student, private, and professional electric vehicles during the American Tour de Sol (ATdS). The ATDS is a multiple-day road rally event, from New York City to Philadelphia. During each leg of the event, kilowatt-hour meters measured the efficiency of the electric vehicles (EVs), which averaged from 5.68 to 65.74 km/kWh. In addition to daily energy-usage measurements, some vehicles used a data-acquisition unit to collect second-by-second information. This showed, in one case, that 21% of the total energy was captured in regenerative braking. Some of the vehicles were also tested on a dynamometer for energy-efficiency, acceleration, and steady-state power ratings. This paper also compares the energy efficiency of the vehicles during the road rally to the dynamometer results. In almost all vehicles, there was an increase in energy efficiency when the vehicle was traveling over the road, due to the non-transient duty cycle and efficient driving techniques. The dynamometer testing also showed that some EVs are equal to or better than gasoline vehicles in performance and efficiency.

  15. Electric power annual 1996. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1--with a focus on US electric utilities--contains final 1996 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1996 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA. Data published in the Electric Power Annual Volume 1 are compiled from three statistical forms filed monthly and two forms filed annually by electric utilities. These forms are described in detail in the Technical Notes. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

  16. White Paper Powering Sustainable Low-Carbon Economies: Some Fact and Figures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilles J. Youinou

    2015-04-01

    In 2011, the world production of electricity was about 22.1 trillion kilowatt-hour1 (kWhe): 9.1 from coal, 4.8 from gas, 2.6 from nuclear, 1.1 from oil, 3.5 from hydropower and 1.0 from other sources (geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels). With a world population of about 7 billion in 2011, it corresponds to an average of 3,160 kWhe/year/capita. While most industrialized countries enjoy a high standard of living with, at least, 8,000 kWhe per year and per person, most developing countries live with less than 3,000 kWhe per year per person. The need for electricity is growing fast, especially in developing countries, and by 2040 the world production of electricity is projected to reach about 40 trillion kWhe.2 Assuming a world population of 10 billion and an average consumption of 6,000 kWhe per year per person in 2100 the world annual production of electricity could reach 60 trillion kWhe.

  17. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. In FY 2011, Southwestern delivered over 4.1 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, generating $167 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwestern’s customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwestern’s mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwestern’s marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nation’s energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

  18. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-09-01

    Dear Secretary Moniz: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012. In FY 2012, Southwestern delivered over 4.1 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, generating $195 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwestern’s customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwestern’s mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwestern’s marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nation’s energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

  19. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-09-01

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. In FY 2010, Southwestern delivered nearly 7.6 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Texas, and Oklahoma, generating $189 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwestern’s customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwestern’s mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwestern’s marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nation’s energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

  20. Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Marilyn; Akbari, Hashem; Blumstein, Carl; Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard; Calwell, Chris; Carter, Sheryl; Cavanagh, Ralph; Chang, Audrey; Claridge, David; Craig, Paul; Diamond, Rick; Eto, Joseph H.; Fulkerson, William; Gadgil, Ashok; Geller, Howard; Goldemberg, Jose; Goldman, Chuck; Goldstein, David B.; Greenberg, Steve; Hafemeister, David; Harris, Jeff; Harvey, Hal; Heitz, Eric; Hirst, Eric; Hummel, Holmes; Kammen, Dan; Kelly, Henry; Laitner, Skip; Levine, Mark; Lovins, Amory; Masters, Gil; McMahon, James E.; Meier, Alan; Messenger, Michael; Millhone, John; Mills, Evan; Nadel, Steve; Nordman, Bruce; Price, Lynn; Romm, Joe; Ross, Marc; Rufo, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant; Schipper, Lee; Schneider, Stephen H; Sweeney, James L; Verdict, Malcolm; Vorsatz, Diana; Wang, Devra; Weinberg, Carl; Wilk, Richard; Wilson, John; Worrell, Ernst

    2009-03-01

    The growing investment by governments and electric utilities in energy efficiency programs highlights the need for simple tools to help assess and explain the size of the potential resource. One technique that is commonly used in this effort is to characterize electricity savings in terms of avoided power plants, because it is easier for people to visualize a power plant than it is to understand an abstraction such as billions of kilowatt-hours. Unfortunately, there is no standardization around the characteristics of such power plants. In this letter we define parameters for a standard avoided power plant that have physical meaning and intuitive plausibility, for use in back-of-the-envelope calculations. For the prototypical plant this article settles on a 500 MW existing coal plant operating at a 70percent capacity factor with 7percent T&D losses. Displacing such a plant for one year would save 3 billion kW h per year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metric is the Rosenfeld, in keeping with the tradition among scientists of naming units in honor of the person most responsible for the discovery and widespread adoption of the underlying scientific principle in question--Dr. Arthur H. Rosenfeld.

  1. Electric power monthly, June 1999, with data for March 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-06-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  2. Electric power monthly, April 1999 with data for January 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-04-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  3. Electric power monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  4. Electric power monthly: October 1996, with data for July 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. This report contains approximately 60 tables.

  5. Electric power monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-11-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

  6. Electric power monthly, January 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-26

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  7. Electric power monthly, September 1998, with data for June 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  8. Electric power monthly: October 1995, with data for July 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-19

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

  9. Electric power monthly, October 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-20

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

  10. Non-linear diffusion in RD and in Hilbert Spaces, a Cylindrical/Functional Integral Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luiz Carlos Lobato Botelho

    2012-07-02

    We present a proof for the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for a cut-off and non cut-off model of non-linear diffusion equation in finite-dimensional space RD useful for modelling flows on porous medium with saturation, turbulent advection, etc. - and subject to deterministic or stochastic (white noise) stirrings. In order to achieve such goal, we use the powerful results of compacity on functional Lp spaces (the Aubin-Lion Theorem). We use such results to write a path-integral solution for this problem. Additionally, we present the rigourous functional integral solutions for the Linear Diffussion equation defined in Infinite-Dimensional Spaces (Separable Hilbert Spaces). These further results are presented in order to be useful to understand Polymer cylindrical surfaces probability distributions and functionals on String theory.

  11. A laboratory evaluation of theodolite surveying instruments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Larry Harold

    1971-01-01

    (Ber?cr) 7. II=; eiut i nn ':!c'nt De! n (I', c cn) 8. BcsoJL' iun Test D, . ! a (Zci. . c) 9. Ili. &. iiciim I)ocus Tost Data (Icrger) 10. )Fii niri&m I'onus 'J'ci. t Da& e. (Kern) Ji. :I&nlmim Focus Test Data (Zeiss) 21 4i6 47 4 ci 5 )J 52... folio?ing test= rccorrchdcd by Profe. ;si r Orr wi11 be u. , ed ir. 1 his invcstig, ;Lion: I, ;nagnification test 2. resolve inn t. st 3. high Lcmgcrature te. , t. thccdolite circle test 5. h. ight of standards test 6. focal collimation test 7...

  12. The hierarchical permutation of shuffle-exchange networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shyh-Ching

    1992-01-01

    ', ' q'ran. a&lions on Autorualic 6'ontr r&l. inter& onncction n&. twlork single-sl, age I I ui 1 l. I- s 1 age tim& sE&are&I Ems c I'0 as b a I' lil I I I 1 I p 0 I' 1 uieulory blocking rearrarlgea, ble I'ig. l. ('Eassification of interconnection...&vo &oiuparands diff('I. cls cfn 0 I H 4 6 6 7 I"'ig. ', 1. A shuEe-exchange network Close examination of tltis algorithut shows that the data, circulates in thc VSC only in one clirection shufHe, for thc strategy that the author acloptecl is to shuf...

  13. A refined deflected gradient search program for solving nonlinear maximization problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Raymond Earl

    1972-01-01

    '!"'6SEI!T STATUS QE SE'"lh'SI" TECH;I[IILiES I5 i3r". ". ' . . b J pr'ob le, ", s . '0 . in I I; hP. I ~ con cinua I ly 5oo!Ping so I 0 Lions . ' ', '. b '': r, oi oi I on, l?rIPr soIOP. 0!"I t'=5'I 3 of goodncs !Io!3erally the object of r ar... ) T ! 1 a is e act ly i'be salrle as (1!1) . F1etcher anoI I'or;, all f6] piesent an 1ri!uct1!re prooi tbat 'lie vcr. toes '. X. are 1! iiear1y 1:Ide;&erident eIaervectors of II g ', ll c;:rr r-c; o. II!e ! !1 . c'er! era, ''ierII 'e " ', iree '', e...

  14. Derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigel, Alexander; Engel, Assaf

    2008-01-01

    Interpretation of animal behavior, especially as cooperative or selfish, is a challenge for evolutionary theory. Strategy of a competition should follow from corresponding Darwinian payoffs for the available behavioral options. The payoffs and decision making processes, however, are difficult to observe and quantify. Here we present a general method for the derivation of evolutionary payoffs from observable statistics of interactions. The method is applied to combat of male bowl and doily spiders, to predator inspection by sticklebacks and to territorial defense by lions, demonstrating animal behavior as a new type of game theoretical equilibrium. Games animals play may be derived unequivocally from their observable behavior, the reconstruction, however, can be subjected to fundamental limitations due to our inability to observe all information exchange mechanisms (communication).

  15. Global Existence of Weak Solutions for Compresssible Navier--Stokes Equations: Thermodynamically unstable pressure and anisotropic viscous stress tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Didier Bresch; Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin

    2015-07-16

    We prove global existence of appropriate weak solutions for the compressible Navier--Stokes equations for more general stress tensor than those covered by P.-L. Lions and E. Feireisl's theory. More precisely we focus on more general pressure laws which are not thermodynamically stable; we are also able to handle some anisotropy in the viscous stress tensor. To give answers to these two longstanding problems, we revisit the classical compactness theory on the density by obtaining precise quantitative regularity estimates: This requires a more precise analysis of the structure of the equations combined to a novel approach to the compactness of the continuity equation. These two cases open the theory to important physical applications, for instance to describe solar events (virial pressure law), geophysical flows (eddy viscosity) or biological situations (anisotropy).

  16. "Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Stylistic Groups. VII. Concordance"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    1989-01-01

    -56) Caprids from Isopata T. 3 (IV 60-61 & 69) Columbia (Vl 58-59) Conch Blower, HM 24 (III 63) Contorted Bull (N 61'-62) Couchant Boars (IV 66-67) Cretan Popular (CP): CP Agrimia (II 125) CP Boars (Ii 125) CP Bulls (11124-1'25) CP Cult (II 124) CP Deet (Il 125...) CP Lions (lI 1.24) CP Men (Il1.23-124) CP Monsters (II 126-127) CP Octopus (lI 126) CP Women (II123) CP Waterbirds (II 125) Crossed Hocks (VI 59-60) Danicourt (IIl 58-60) Dot-Eye Misc. (IV 73) Dot-Eye Mumps (M0-72) dependent: Glass Minotaurs (IV 72...

  17. Global solution to the Cauchy problem on a universe fireworks model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhenglu Jiang; Hongjiong Tian

    2008-06-06

    We prove existence and uniqueness of the global solution to the Cauchy problem on a universe fireworks model with finite total mass at the initial state when the ratio of the mass surviving the explosion, the probability of the explosion of fragments and the probability function of the velocity change of a surviving particle satisfy the corresponding physical conditions. Although the nonrelativistic Boltzmann-like equation modeling the universe fireworks is mathematically easy, this paper leads rather theoretically to an understanding of how to construct contractive mappings in a Banach space for the proof of the existence and uniqueness by means of methods taken from the famous work by DiPerna & Lions about the Boltzmann equation. We also show both the regularity and the time-asymptotic behavior of solution to the Cauchy problem.

  18. Final Technical Report. DeepCwind Consortium Research Program. January 15, 2010 - March 31, 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dagher, Habib; Viselli, Anthony; Goupee, Andrew; Thaler, Jeffrey; Brady, Damian; Browne, Peter; Browning, James; Chung, Jade; Coulling, Alexander; Deese, Heather; Fowler, Matthew; Holberton, Rebecca; Anant, Jain; Jalbert, Dustin; Johnson, Theresa; Jonkman, Jason; Karlson, Benjamin; Kimball, Richard; Koo, Bonjun; Lackner, Matthew; Lambrakos, Kostas; Lankowski, Matthew; Leopold, Adrienne; Lim, Ho-Joon; Mangum, Linda; Martin, Heather; Masciola, Marco; Maynard, Melissa; McCleave, James; Mizrahi, Robert; Molta, Paul; Pershing, Andrew; Pettigrew, Neal; Prowell, Ian; Qua, Andrew; Sherwood, Graham; Snape, Thomas; Steneck, Robert; Stewart, Gordon; Stockwell, Jason; Swift, Andrew H. P.; Thomas, Dale; Viselli, Elizabeth; Zydlewski, Gayle

    2013-06-11

    This is the final technical report for the U.S. Department of Energy-funded program, DE-0002981: DeepCwind Consortium Research Program. The project objective was the partial validation of coupled models and optimization of materials for offshore wind structures. The United States has a great opportunity to harness an indigenous abundant renewable energy resource: offshore wind. In 2010, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) estimated there to be over 4,000 GW of potential offshore wind energy found within 50 nautical miles of the US coastlines (Musial and Ram, 2010). The US Energy Information Administration reported the total annual US electric energy generation in 2010 was 4,120 billion kilowatt-hours (equivalent to 470 GW) (US EIA, 2011), slightly more than 10% of the potential offshore wind resource. In addition, deep water offshore wind is the dominant US ocean energy resource available comprising 75% of the total assessed ocean energy resource as compared to wave and tidal resources (Musial, 2008). Through these assessments it is clear offshore wind can be a major contributor to US energy supplies. The caveat to capturing offshore wind along many parts of the US coast is deep water. Nearly 60%, or 2,450 GW, of the estimated US offshore wind resource is located in water depths of 60 m or more (Musial and Ram, 2010). At water depths over 60 m building fixed offshore wind turbine foundations, such as those found in Europe, is likely economically infeasible (Musial et al., 2006). Therefore floating wind turbine technology is seen as the best option for extracting a majority of the US offshore wind energy resource. Volume 1 - Test Site; Volume 2 - Coupled Models; and Volume 3 - Composite Materials

  19. State electricity profiles, March 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-03-01

    Due to the role electricity plays in the Nation`s economic and social well-being, interested parties have been following the electric power industry`s transition by keeping abreast of the restructuring and deregulation events that are taking place almost daily. Much of the attention centers around the States and how they are restructuring the business of electricity supply within their respective jurisdictions. This report is designed to profile each State and the District of Columbia regarding not only their current restructuring activities, but also their electricity generation and concomitant statistics from 1986 through 1996. Included are data on a number of subject areas including generating capability, generation, revenues, fuel use, capacity factor for nuclear plants, retail sales, and pollutant emissions. Although the Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes this type of information, there is a lack of a uniform overview for each individual State. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. In addition to basic statistics in tables and graphs, a textual section is provided for each State, discussing some of the points relative to electricity production that are noteworthy in, or unique to, that particular State. Also, each State is ranked according to the place it holds, as compared to the rest of the states, in various relevant areas, such as its average price of electricity per kilowatthour, its population, and its emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The final chapter covers the Nation as a whole. 451 figs., 520 tabs.

  20. Way Beyond Widgets: Delivering Integrated Lighting Design in Actionable Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myer, Michael; Richman, Eric E.; Jones, Carol C.

    2008-08-17

    Previously, energy-efficiency strategies for commercial spaces have focused on using efficient equipment without providing specific detailed instructions. Designs by experts in their fields are an energy-efficiency product in its own right. A new national program has developed interactive application-specific lighting designs for widespread use in four major commercial sectors. This paper will describe the technical basis for the solutions, energy efficiency and cost-savings methodology, and installations and measurement/verification to-date. Lighting designs have been developed for five types of retail stores (big box, small box, grocery, specialty market, and pharmacy) and are planned for the office, healthcare, and education sectors as well. Nationally known sustainable lighting designers developed the designs using high-performance commercially available products, daylighting, and lighting controls. Input and peer review was received by stakeholders, including manufacturers, architects, utilities, energy-efficiency program sponsors (EEPS), and end-users (i.e., retailers). An interactive web tool delivers the lighting solutions and analyzes anticipated energy savings using project-specific inputs. The lighting solutions were analyzed against a reference building using the space-by-space method as allowed in the Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (ASHRAE 2004) co-sponsored by the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA). The results showed that the design vignettes ranged from a 9% to 28% reduction in the allowed lighting power density. Detailed control strategies are offered to further reduce the actual kilowatt-hour power consumption. When used together, the lighting design vignettes and control strategies show a modeled decrease in energy consumption (kWh) by 33% to 50% below the baseline design.

  1. Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

    2014-10-01

    This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

  2. Simple cost model for EV traction motors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuenca, R.M.

    1995-02-01

    A simple cost model has been developed that allows the calculation of the OEM cost of electric traction motors of three different types, normalized as a function of power in order to accommodate different power and size. The model includes enough information on the various elements integrated in the motors to allow analysis of individual components and to factor-in the effects of changes in commodities prices. A scalable cost model for each of the main components of an electric vehicle (EV) is a useful tool that can have direct application in computer simulation or in parametric studies. For the cost model to have wide usefulness, it needs to be valid for a range of values of some parameter that determines the magnitude or size of the component. For instance, in the case of batteries, size may be determined by energy capacity, usually expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh), while in the case of traction motors, size is better determined by rated power, usually expressed in kilowatts (kW). The simplest case is when the cost of the component in question is a direct function of its size; then cost is simply the product of its specific cost ($/unit size) and the number of units (size) in the vehicle in question. Batteries usually fall in this category (cost = energy capacity x $/kWh). But cost is not always linear with size or magnitude; motors (and controllers), for instance, become relatively less expensive as power rating increases. Traction motors, one of the main components for EV powertrains are examined in this paper, and a simplified cost model is developed for the three most popular design variations.

  3. Design of cascaded low cost solar cell with CuO substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samson, Mil'shtein; Anup, Pillai; Shiv, Sharma; Garo, Yessayan

    2013-12-04

    For many years the main focus of R and D in solar cells was the development of high-efficiency solar convertors. However with solar technology beginning to be a part of national grids and stand-alone power supplies for variety of individual customers, the emphasis has changed, namely, the cost per kilowatt- hour (kW-hr) started to be an important figure of merit. Although Si does dominate the market of solar convertors, this material has total cost of kilowatt-hour much higher than what the power grid is providing presently to customers. It is well known that the cost of raw semiconductor material is a major factor in formulation of the final cost of a solar cell. That motivated us to search and design a novel solar cell using cheap materials. The new p-i-n solar cell consists of hetero-structure cascade of materials with step by step decreasing energy gap. Since the lattice constant of these three materials do differ not more than 2%, the more expensive epitaxial fabrication methods can be used as well. It should be emphasized that designed solar cell is not a cascade of three solar cells connected in series. Our market study shows that Si solar panel which costs $250–400 / m{sup 2} leads to a cost of $0.12–0.30 / kW-hr. To the contrary, CuO based solar cells with Cadmium compounds on top, would cost $100 / m{sup 2}. This will allow the novel solar cell to produce electricity at a cost of $0.06–0.08 / kW-hr.

  4. Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

    2015-01-01

    This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

  5. Life-cycle analysis results of geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, J. L.; Clark, C. E.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

    2010-10-11

    A life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis has been conducted with Argonne National Laboratory's expanded Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model for geothermal power-generating technologies, including enhanced geothermal, hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. As a basis of comparison, a similar analysis has been conducted for other power-generating systems, including coal, natural gas combined cycle, nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic, and biomass by expanding the GREET model to include power plant construction for these latter systems with literature data. In this way, the GREET model has been expanded to include plant construction, as well as the usual fuel production and consumption stages of power plant life cycles. For the plant construction phase, on a per-megawatt (MW) output basis, conventional power plants in general are found to require less steel and concrete than renewable power systems. With the exception of the concrete requirements for gravity dam hydroelectric, enhanced geothermal and hydrothermal binary used more of these materials per MW than other renewable power-generation systems. Energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) ratios for the infrastructure and other life-cycle stages have also been developed in this study per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity output by taking into account both plant capacity and plant lifetime. Generally, energy burdens per energy output associated with plant infrastructure are higher for renewable systems than conventional ones. GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output for plant construction follow a similar trend. Although some of the renewable systems have GHG emissions during plant operation, they are much smaller than those emitted by fossil fuel thermoelectric systems. Binary geothermal systems have virtually insignificant GHG emissions compared to fossil systems. Taking into account plant construction and operation, the GREET model shows that fossil thermal plants have fossil energy use and GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output about one order of magnitude higher than renewable power systems, including geothermal power.

  6. Fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon. Phase I final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennel, E.B.; Zondlo, J.W.; Cessna, T.J.

    1999-06-30

    This project involves the simultaneous production of clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon and sulfur, along with value-added carbon nanofibers. This can be accomplished because the nanofiber production process removes carbon via a catalyzed pyrolysis reaction, which also has the effect of removing 99.9% of the sulfur, which is trapped in the nanofibers. The reaction is mildly endothermic, meaning that net energy production with real reductions in greenhouse emissions are possible. In Phase I research, the feasibility of generating clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon was demonstrated by the successful design, construction and operation of a facility capable of utilizing coal as well as natural gas as an inlet feedstock. In the case of coal, for example, reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions can be as much as 70% (normalized according to kilowatts produced), with the majority of carbon safely sequestered in the form of carbon nanofibers or coke. Both of these products are value-added commodities, indicating that low-emission coal fuel can be done at a profit rather than a loss as is the case with most clean-up schemes. The main results of this project were as follows: (1) It was shown that the nanofiber production process produces hydrogen as a byproduct. (2) The hydrogen, or hydrogen-rich hydrocarbon mixture can be consumed with net release of enthalpy. (3) The greenhouse gas emissions from both coal and natural gas are significantly reduced. Because coal consumption also creates coke, the carbon emission can be reduced by 75% per kilowatt-hour of power produced.

  7. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Coal-Fired Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitaker, M.; Heath, G. A.; O'Donoughue, P.; Vorum, M.

    2012-04-01

    This systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessments (LCAs) of utility-scale coal-fired electricity generation systems focuses on reducing variability and clarifying central tendencies in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening 270 references for quality LCA methods, transparency, and completeness yielded 53 that reported 164 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. These estimates for subcritical pulverized, integrated gasification combined cycle, fluidized bed, and supercritical pulverized coal combustion technologies vary from 675 to 1,689 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh) (interquartile range [IQR]= 890-1,130 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh; median = 1,001) leading to confusion over reasonable estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from coal-fired electricity generation. By adjusting published estimates to common gross system boundaries and consistent values for key operational input parameters (most importantly, combustion carbon dioxide emission factor [CEF]), the meta-analytical process called harmonization clarifies the existing literature in ways useful for decision makers and analysts by significantly reducing the variability of estimates ({approx}53% in IQR magnitude) while maintaining a nearly constant central tendency ({approx}2.2% in median). Life cycle GHG emissions of a specific power plant depend on many factors and can differ from the generic estimates generated by the harmonization approach, but the tightness of distribution of harmonized estimates across several key coal combustion technologies implies, for some purposes, first-order estimates of life cycle GHG emissions could be based on knowledge of the technology type, coal mine emissions, thermal efficiency, and CEF alone without requiring full LCAs. Areas where new research is necessary to ensure accuracy are also discussed.

  8. ``White Land``...new Russian closed-cycle nuclear technology for global deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, C.D.

    1996-07-01

    A Russian technology called ``White Land`` is being pursued which is based on their heavy-metal-cooled fast spectrum reactor technology developed to power their super-fast Alpha Class submarines. These reactors have important safety advantages over the more conventional sodium-cooled fast breeder reactors but preserve some of the attractive operational features of the fast spectrum systems. Perhaps chief among these advantages in the current political milieu is their ability to generate energy from any nuclide heavier than thorium including HEU, weapons plutonium, commercial plutonium, neptunium, americium, and curium. While there are several scenarios for deployment of these systems, the most attractive perhaps is containment in submarine-like enclosures to be placed underwater near a coastal population center. A Russian organization named the Alphabet Company would build the reactors and maintain title to them. The company would be paid on the basis of kilowatt-hours delivered. The reactors would not require refueling for 10--15 years and no maintenance violating the radiation containment would be required or would be carried out at the deployment site. The host country need not develop any nuclear technology or accept any nuclear waste. When the fuel load has been burned, the entire unit would be towed to Archangel, Russia for refueling. The fission product would be removed from the fuel by ``dry`` molten salt technology to minimize the waste stream and the fissile material would be returned to the reactor for further burning. The fission product waste would be stored at New Land Island, their current nuclear test site in the Arctic. If concerns over fission product justify it, the long-lived species will be transmuted in an accelerator-driven system. Apparently this project is backed at the highest levels of MINATOM and the Alphabet Company has the funding to proceed.

  9. Installation of 200 kW UTC PC-25 Natural Gas Fuel Cell At City of Anaheim Police Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dina Predisik

    2006-09-15

    The City of Anaheim Public Utilities Department (Anaheim) has been providing electric service to Anaheim residents and businesses for over a century. As a city in a high-growth region, identifying sources of reliable energy to meet demand is a constant requirement. Additionally, as more power generation is needed, locating generating stations locally is a difficult proposition and must consider environmental and community impacts. Anaheim believes benefits can be achieved by implementing new distributed generation technologies to supplement central plants, helping keep pace with growing demand for power. If the power is clean, then it can be delivered with minimal environmental impact. Anaheim started investigating fuel cell technology in 2000 and decided a field demonstration of a fuel cell power plant would help determine how the technology can best serve Anaheim. As a result, Anaheim completed the project under this grant as a way to gain installation and operating experience about fuel cells and fuel cell capabilities. Anaheim also hopes to help others learn more about fuel cells by providing information about this project to the public. Currently, Anaheim has hosted a number of requested tours at the project site, and information about the project can be found on Anaheim Public Utilities RD&D Project website. The Anaheim project was completed in four phases including: research and investigation, purchase, design, and construction. The initial investigative phase started in 2000 and the construction of the project was completed in February 2005. Since acceptance and startup of the fuel cell, the system has operated continuously at an availability of 98.4%. The unit provides an average of about 4,725 kilowatthours a day to the Utilities' generation resources. Anaheim is tracking the operation of the fuel cell system over the five-year life expectancy of the fuel stack and will use the information to determine how fuel cells can serve Anaheim as power generators.

  10. Southeastern Power Administration 2012 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-01

    Dear Secretary Moniz: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administration’s (Southeastern) fiscal year (FY) 2012 Annual Report for your review. This report reflects our agency’s programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2011, and ending September 30, 2012. This past year, Southeastern marketed approximately 5.4 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 487 wholesale customers in 10 southeastern states. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled about $263 million. With the financial assistance and support of Southeastern’s customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at hydroelectric facilities operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) continued in FY 2012. Currently, there are more than 214 customers participating in funding infrastructure renewal efforts of powerplants feeding the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina, Kerr-Philpott, and Cumberland Systems. This funding, which totaled more than $71 million, provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging projects in Southeastern’s marketing area. Drought conditions continued in the southeastern region of the United States this past year, particularly in the Savannah River Basin. Lack of rainfall strained our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2012 in the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina System totaled approximately $29 million. About $8 million of this amount was for replacement power, which is purchased only during adverse water conditions in order to meet Southeastern’s customer contract requirements. Southeastern’s goal is to maximize the benefits of our region’s water resources. Competing uses of these resources will present another challenging year for Southeastern’s employees. With the cooperation and communication among the Department of Energy (DOE), preference customers, and Corps, I am certain Southeastern is positioned to meet these challenges in the future. We are committed to providing reliable hydroelectric power to preference customers, which ultimately serve more than 12 million consumers in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E. Legg Administrator

  11. Southeastern Power Administration 2008 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-12-29

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administration’s (Southeastern’s) fiscal year (FY) 2008 Annual Report for your review. The information included in this document reflects our agency’s programs, accomplishments, operational and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2007 and ending September 30, 2008. Southeastern marketed more than 4.5 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 491 wholesale customers in ten southeastern states this past year. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled approximately $263 million. Drought conditions persisted in the southeastern region of the United States during FY 2008 placing strains on our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2008 totaled $91 million. Approximately $44 million of this amount was for replacement power which is paid only during adverse water conditions in order to meet our customers’ contract requirements. With the continued financial assistance and support of our Federal power customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ (Corps) hydroelectric projects provided much needed repairs and maintenance for these aging facilities. Southeastern’s cyber and physical security programs continued to be reviewed and updated to meet Department of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security, and North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) standards and requirements. In the coming year, Southeastern will continue open communication and cooperation with DOE, the Federal power customers, and the Corps to maximize the benefits of our region’s water resources. Although competing uses of water and the prolonged drought conditions will present another challenging year for our agency, Southeastern’s employees will meet these challenges and continue to provide reliable hydroelectric power to the people in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E.Legg Administrator

  12. Southeastern Power Administration 2007 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-12-28

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am proud to submit Southeastern Power Administration’s (Southeastern’s) fiscal year (FY) 2007 Annual Report for your review. The information included in this report reflects Southeastern’s programs, accomplishments, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2006 and ending September 30, 2007. Southeastern marketed more than 5 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 492 wholesale Federal power customers in an 11-state marketing area in FY 2007. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled approximately $219 million. Drought conditions continued to plague the southeast region of the United States during 2007 placing strains on our natural and financial resources. Southeastern purchased more than $40 million in replacement power to meet customer contract requirements to ensure the continued reliability of our nation’s power grid. With the financial assistance and support of our Federal power customers, continued funding for capitalized equipment replacements at various Corps of Engineers’ (Corps) hydroelectric projects provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging facilities. Southeastern’s cyber and physical security program continued to be reviewed and updated to meet Department of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security, and North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and requirements. Plans for the upcoming year include communication and cooperation with DOE, Federal power customers, and the Corps to maximize the benefits of our nation’s water resources. Competition for the use of water and the prolonged drought conditions will present another challenging year for our agency. The employees at Southeastern will be proactive in meeting these challenges and providing reliable hydroelectric power to the people in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E. Legg Administrator

  13. Southeastern Power Administration 2011 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-12-31

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administration’s (Southeastern) fiscal year (FY) 2011 Annual Report for your review. This report reflects our agency’s programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2010, and ending September 31, 2011. This past year, Southeastern marketed approximately 6.2 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 489 wholesale customers in 10 southeastern states. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled more than $264 million. With the financial assistance and support of Southeastern’s customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at hydroelectric facilities operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) continued in FY 2011. This funding, which totaled more than $45 million, provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging projects in Southeastern’s marketing area. Currently, there are more than 214 customers participating in the funding efforts in the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina, Kerr-Philpott, and Cumberland Systems of projects. Drought conditions continued in the southeastern region of the United States this past year, particularly in the Savannah River Basin. Lack of rain placed strains on our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2011 totaled approximately $38 million. About $9 million of this amount was for replacement power, which is purchased only during adverse water conditions in order to meet Southeastern’s customer contract requirements. Southeastern’s goal is to maximize the benefits of our region’s water resources. Competing uses of these resources will present another challenging year for Southeastern’s employees. With the cooperation and communication among the Department of Energy (DOE), preference customers, and Corps, I am certain Southeastern is positioned to meet these challenges in the future. We are committed to providing reliable hydroelectric power to preference customers, which ultimately serve more than 12 million consumers in the southeast.

  14. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-12-01

    Dear Secretary Chu, I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008. In FY 2008, Southwestern delivered over 7.3 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers – nearly 31% more than average due to numerous record rainfall amounts in the southwest region. These record amounts produced revenues which exceeded the average annual revenue requirement by nearly $20 million and resulted in over $200 million in economic benefits to the region. Yet even as Southwestern exceeded its goals of marketing and delivering Federal hydroelectric power to our customers, we stayed focused on safety, security, and reliability. For example, we maintained our nearly 1,400 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites while achieving a Recordable Accident Frequency Rate of 0.0, a record that reflects Southwestern’s safety achievement of no recordable injuries for every 200,000 hours worked. We kept our rights-of-way secure from vegetation and other obstacles, work that not only supports our mission but also promotes reliability of the regional and National grid. We exceeded all North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Control Performance Standards (CPS- 1 and CPS-2), and maintained regulation and reserve obligations and reactive reserve margins to ensure the reliability of the bulk electric system, even during extended periods of restricted hydro operations due to unusually high project inflows. Finally, we continued our partnerships with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, our customers, and other Federal power stakeholders, partnerships that are vital to our continued success in marketing and delivering carbon-free, renewable, and domestically produced energy to our customers and to the Nation. Sincerely, Jon Worthington Administrator

  15. NREL Establishes a 1.5-MW Wind Turbine Test Platform for Research Partnerships (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01

    Research turbine supports sustained technology development. For more than three decades, engineers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) have worked with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program and industry partners to advance wind energy technology, improve wind turbine performance, and reduce the cost of energy. Although there have been dramatic increases in performance and drops in the cost of wind energy-from $0.80 per kilowatt-hour to between $0.06 and $0.08 per kilowatt-hour-the goal of the DOE Wind Program is to further increase performance and reduce the cost of energy for land-based systems so that wind energy can compete with natural gas by 2020. In support of the program's research and development (R and D) efforts, NREL has constructed state-of-the-art facilities at the NWTC where industry partners, universities, and other DOE laboratories can conduct tests and experiments to further advance wind technology. The latest facility to come online is the DOE-GE 1.5-MW wind turbine test platform. Working with DOE, NREL purchased and installed a GE 1.5-MW wind turbine at the NWTC in 2009. Since then, NREL engineers have extensively instrumented the machine, conducted power performance and full-system modal tests, and collected structural loads measurements to obtain baseline characterization of the turbine's power curve, vibration characteristics, and fatigue loads in the uniquely challenging NWTC inflow environment. By successfully completing a baseline for the turbine's performance and structural response, NREL engineers have established a test platform that can be used by industry, university, and DOE laboratory researchers to test wind turbine control systems and components. The new test platform will also enable researchers to acquire the measurements needed to develop and validate wind turbine models and improve design codes.

  16. The changing structure of the electric power industry: Selected issues, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    More than 3,000 electric utilities in the United States provide electricity to sustain the Nation`s economic growth and promote the well-being of its inhabitants. At the end of 1996, the net generating capability of the electric power industry stood at more than 776,000 megawatts. Sales to ultimate consumers in 1996 exceeded 3.1 trillion kilowatthours at a total cost of more than $210 billion. In addition, the industry added over 9 million new customers during the period from 1990 through 1996. The above statistics provide an indication of the size of the electric power industry. Propelled by events of the recent past, the industry is currently in the midst of changing from a vertically integrated and regulated monopoly to a functionally unbundled industry with a competitive market for power generation. Advances in power generation technology, perceived inefficiencies in the industry, large variations in regional electricity prices, and the trend to competitive markets in other regulated industries have all contributed to the transition. Industry changes brought on by this movement are ongoing, and the industry will remain in a transitional state for the next few years or more. During the transition, many issues are being examined, evaluated, and debated. This report focuses on three of them: how wholesale and retail prices have changed since 1990; the power and ability of independent system operators (ISOs) to provide transmission services on a nondiscriminatory basis; and how issues that affect consumer choice, including stranded costs and the determination of retail prices, may be handled either by the US Congress or by State legislatures.

  17. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user fa­cil­i­ties such as syn­chrotron ra­di­a­tion light sources and free elec­tron lasers re­quire ac­cel­er­at­ing struc­tures that sup­port elec­tric fields of 10-100 MV/m, es­pe­cial­ly at the start of the ac­cel­er­a­tor chain where ce­ram­ic in­su­la­tors are used for very high gra­di­ent DC guns. These in­su­la­tors are dif­fi­cult to man­u­fac­ture, re­quire long com­mis­sion­ing times, and often ex­hib­it poor re­li­a­bil­i­ty. Two tech­ni­cal ap­proach­es to solv­ing this prob­lem will be in­ves­ti­gat­ed. First­ly, in­vert­ed ce­ram­ics offer so­lu­tions for re­duced gra­di­ents be­tween the elec­trodes and ground. An in­vert­ed de­sign will be pre­sent­ed for 350 kV, with max­i­mum gra­di­ents in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Sec­ond­ly, novel ce­ram­ic man­u­fac­tur­ing pro­cess­es will be stud­ied, in order to pro­tect triple junc­tion lo­ca­tions from emis­sion, by ap­ply­ing a coat­ing with a bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty. The pro­cess­es for cre­at­ing this coat­ing will be op­ti­mized to pro­vide pro­tec­tion as well as be used to coat a ce­ram­ic with an ap­pro­pri­ate gra­di­ent in bulk re­sis­tiv­i­ty from the vac­u­um side to the air side of an HV stand­off ce­ram­ic cylin­der. Ex­am­ple in­su­la­tor de­signs are being com­put­er mod­elled, and in­su­la­tor sam­ples are being man­u­fac­tured and test­ed

  18. Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Low-Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.; Donovan, K.; Powers, C.

    2011-12-01

    This publication detailing the design, implementation strategies, and continuous performance monitoring of NREL's Research Support Facility data center. Data centers are energy-intensive spaces that facilitate the transmission, receipt, processing, and storage of digital data. These spaces require redundancies in power and storage, as well as infrastructure, to cool computing equipment and manage the resulting waste heat (Tschudi, Xu, Sartor, and Stein, 2003). Data center spaces can consume more than 100 times the energy of standard office spaces (VanGeet 2011). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that data centers used 61 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2006, which was 1.5% of the total electricity consumption in the U.S. (U.S. EPA, 2007). Worldwide, data centers now consume more energy annually than Sweden (New York Times, 2009). Given their high energy consumption and conventional operation practices, there is a potential for huge energy savings in data centers. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is world renowned for its commitment to green building construction. In June 2010, the laboratory finished construction of a 220,000-square-foot (ft{sup 2}), LEED Platinum, Research Support Facility (RSF), which included a 1,900-ft{sup 2} data center. The RSF will expand to 360,000 ft{sup 2} with the opening of an additional wing December, 2011. The project's request for proposals (RFP) set a whole-building demand-side energy use requirement of a nominal 35 kBtu/ft{sup 2} per year. On-site renewable energy generation will offset the annual energy consumption. To support the RSF's energy goals, NREL's new data center was designed to minimize its energy footprint without compromising service quality. Several implementation challenges emerged during the design, construction, and first 11 months of operation of the RSF data center. This document highlights these challenges and describes in detail how NREL successfully overcame them. The IT settings and strategies outlined in this document have been used to significantly reduce data center energy requirements in the RSF; however, these can also be used in existing buildings and retrofits.

  19. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    “Renewable energy” isn’t just a catchphrase at Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern). It describes the hydroelectric energy we market, and the energy that Southwestern’s employees bring to work every day, constantly challenging themselves to become more eff ective and effi cient in providing aff ordable, environmentally clean power to the American people. As Southwestern’s new Administrator, I have had the opportunity to view our operations from a fresh perspective, and I’m proud to share with you how a focus on continual improvement has been evident in accomplishments throughout the agency during fi scal year (FY) 2007. When the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) implemented new reliability standards, we met applicable implementation dates and exceeded NERC’s control performance standards throughout the year. When tasked with reducing the agency’s carbon footprint, we found ways to achieve an 8.7% reduction in energy intensity from last year without impacting our operational capabilities. And when faced with record-breaking infl ows into the reservoir projects from which we market power, we capitalized on the opportunity to provide customers with signifi cant quantities of supplemental energy. Our supplemental sales this year not only saved customers over $122 million, but increased Southwestern’s revenues -- a huge win-win for Southwestern’s ratepayers and the Nation’s taxpayers alike. Southwestern is proud of its role in protecting National and economic security by contributing to the diverse supply of domestically produced energy, operating and maintaining a safe and reliable transmission system, and ensuring good stewardship of our Nation’s water resources and environment. In FY 2007, Southwestern continued to repay all power costs to the American taxpayers by marketing and delivering approximately 5.6 billion kilowatthours of hydropower at cost-based rates to customers in our six-state region. This energy was generated from the 24 Federal hydroelectric projects in our marketing region, producing annual revenues of $161 million. In this time of rising energy costs, the Nation’s need for renewable energy has never been greater. Hydropower – and the people of Southwestern – stand ready to help meet that need.

  20. Feasibility of Hybrid Retrofits to Off-Grid Diesel Power Plants in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barley, C. D.; Flowers, L. T.; Benavidez, P. J.; Abergas, R. L.; Barruela, R. B.

    1999-08-01

    The Strategic Power Utilities Group (SPUG) of the National Power Corporation (NPC) in the Philippines owns and operates about 100 power plants, mostly fueled by diesel, ranging in energy production from about 15 kilowatt-hours (kWh)/day to 106,000 kWh/day. Reducing the consumption of diesel fuel in these plants, along with the associated financial losses, is a priority for SPUG. The purpose of this study is to estimate the potential fuel and cost savings that might be achieved by retrofitting hybrid power systems to these existing diesel plants. As used in this report, the term ''hybrid system'' refers to any combination of wind turbine generators (WTGs), photovoltaic (PV) modules, lead-acid batteries, and an AC/DC power converter (either an electronic inverter or a rotary converter), in addition to the existing diesel gensets. The resources available for this study did not permit a detailed design analysis for each of the plants. Instead, the following five-step process was used: (1) Tabulate some important characteristics of all the plants. (2) Group the plants into categories (six classes) with similar characteristics. (3) For each class of system, identify one plant that is representative of the class. (4) For each representative plant, perform a moderately detailed prefeasibility analysis of design options. (5) Summarize and interpret the results. The analysis of each representative plant involved the use of time-series computer simulation models to estimate the fuel usage, maintenance expenses, and cash flow resulting from various designs, and to search the domain of possible designs for the one leading to the lowest life-cycle cost. Cost items that would be unaffected by the retrofit, such as operator salaries and the capital cost of existing equipment, were not included in the analysis. Thus, the results are reported as levelized cost of energy (COE) savings: the difference between the cost of the existing diesel-only system and that of an optimized hybrid system, expressed in units of U.S. dollars per kWh (US$/kWh) of energy production. This analysis is one phase of a study entitled ''Analysis of Renewable Energy Retrofit Options to Existing Diesel Mini-Grids,'' funded by the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and performed jointly by NPC, the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Sustainable Energy Solutions in New York, New York (Morris et al. 1998). A more detailed version of this paper is included in that report.

  1. Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program: Program Overview and Philadelphia Project Highlight (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01

    Case Study with WIPP program overview, information regarding eligibility, and successes from Pennsylvania's Commission on Economic Opportunity (CEO) that demonstrate innovative approaches that maximize the benefit of the program. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) recently launched the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) to accelerate innovations in whole-house weatherization and advance DOE's goal of increasing the energy efficiency and health and safety of homes of low-income families. Since 2010, WIPP has helped weatherization service providers as well as new and nontraditional partners leverage non-federal financial resources to supplement federal grants, saving taxpayer money. WIPP complements the Weatherization Assistance program (WAP), which operates nation-wide, in U.S. territories and in three Native American tribes. 16 grantees are implementing weatherization innovation projects using experimental approaches to find new and better ways to weatherize homes. They are using approaches such as: (1) Financial tools - by understanding a diverse range of financing mechanisms, grantees can maximize the impact of the federal grant dollars while providing high-quality work and benefits to eligible low-income clients; (2) Green and healthy homes - in addition to helping families reduce their energy costs, grantees can protect their health and safety. Two WIPP projects (Connecticut and Maryland) will augment standard weatherization services with a comprehensive green and healthy homes approach; (3) New technologies and techniques - following the model of continuous improvement in weatherization, WIPP grantees will continue to use new and better technologies and techniques to improve the quality of work; (4) Residential energy behavior change - Two grantees are rigorously testing home energy monitors (HEMs) that display energy used in kilowatt-hours, allowing residents to monitor and reduce their energy use, and another is examining best-practices for mobile home energy efficiency; (5) Workforce development and volunteers - with a goal of creating a self-sustaining weatherization model that does not require future federal investment, three grantees are adapting business models successful in other sectors of the home performance business to perform weatherization work. Youthbuild is training youth to perform home energy upgrades to eligible clients and Habitat for Humanity is developing a model for how to incorporate volunteer labor in home weatherization. These innovative approaches will improve key weatherization outcomes, such as: Increasing the total number of homes that are weatherized; Reducing the weatherization cost per home; Increasing the energy savings in each weatherized home; Increasing the number of weatherization jobs created and retained; and Reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

  2. Assessing Internet energy intensity: A review of methods and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coroama, Vlad C.; Hilty, Lorenz M.; Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstr. 5, 9014 St. Gallen; Centre for Sustainable Communications, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Lindstedtsvägen 5, 100 44 Stockholm

    2014-02-15

    Assessing the average energy intensity of Internet transmissions is a complex task that has been a controversial subject of discussion. Estimates published over the last decade diverge by up to four orders of magnitude — from 0.0064 kilowatt-hours per gigabyte (kWh/GB) to 136 kWh/GB. This article presents a review of the methodological approaches used so far in such assessments: i) top–down analyses based on estimates of the overall Internet energy consumption and the overall Internet traffic, whereby average energy intensity is calculated by dividing energy by traffic for a given period of time, ii) model-based approaches that model all components needed to sustain an amount of Internet traffic, and iii) bottom–up approaches based on case studies and generalization of the results. Our analysis of the existing studies shows that the large spread of results is mainly caused by two factors: a) the year of reference of the analysis, which has significant influence due to efficiency gains in electronic equipment, and b) whether end devices such as personal computers or servers are included within the system boundary or not. For an overall assessment of the energy needed to perform a specific task involving the Internet, it is necessary to account for the types of end devices needed for the task, while the energy needed for data transmission can be added based on a generic estimate of Internet energy intensity for a given year. Separating the Internet as a data transmission system from the end devices leads to more accurate models and to results that are more informative for decision makers, because end devices and the networking equipment of the Internet usually belong to different spheres of control. -- Highlights: • Assessments of the energy intensity of the Internet differ by a factor of 20,000. • We review top–down, model-based, and bottom–up estimates from literature. • Main divergence factors are the year studied and the inclusion of end devices. • We argue against extending the Internet system boundary beyond data transmission. • Decision-makers need data that differentiates between end devices and transmission.

  3. Energy Storage/Conservation and Carbon Emissions Reduction Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bigelow, Erik

    2012-10-30

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) federal assistance for the management of a project to develop and test a prototype flywheel-­?based energy recovery and storage system in partnership with Test Devices, Inc. (TDI). TDI specializes in the testing of jet engine and power generation turbines, which uses a great deal of electrical power for long periods of time. In fact, in 2007, the company consumed 3,498,500 kW-­?hr of electricity in their operations, which is equivalent to the electricity of 328 households. For this project, CTE and TDI developed and tested a prototype flywheel-­?based energy recovery and storage system. This technology is being developed at TDI’s facilities to capture and reuse the energy necessary for the company’s core process. The new technology and equipment is expected to save approximately 80% of the energy used in the TDI process, reducing total annual consumption of power by approximately 60%, saving approximately two million kilowatt-­?hours annually. Additionally, the energy recycling system will allow TDI and other end users to lower their peak power demand and reduce associated utility demand charges. The use of flywheels in this application is novel and requires significant development work from TDI. Flywheels combine low maintenance costs with very high cycle life with little to no degradation over time, resulting in lifetimes measured in decades. All of these features make flywheels a very attractive option compared to other forms of energy storage, including batteries. Development and deployment of this energy recycling technology will reduce energy consumption during jet engine and stationary turbine development. By reengineering the current inefficient testing process, TDI will reduce risk and time to market of efficiency upgrades of gas turbines across the entire spectrum of applications. Once in place the results from this program will also help other US industries to utilize energy recycling technology to lower domestic energy use and see higher net energy efficiency. The prototype system and results will be used to seek additional resources to carry out full deployment of a system. Ultimately, this innovative technology is expected to be transferable to other testing applications involving energy-­?based cycling within the company as well as throughout the industry.

  4. Katech (Lithium Polymer) 4-Passenger NEV - Range and Battery Testing Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Francfort; D. Karner

    2005-07-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) received a Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) from the Korea Automotive Technology Institute (KATECH) for vehicle and battery characterization testing. The KATECH NEV (called the Invita) was equipped with a lithium polymer battery pack from Kokam Engineering. The Invita was to be baseline performance tested by AVTA’s testing partner, Electric Transportation Applications (ETA), at ETA’s contract testing facilities and test track in Phoenix, Arizona, to AVTA’s NEVAmerica testing specifications and procedures. Before and during initial constant speed range testing, the Invita battery pack experienced cell failures, and the onboard charger failed. A Kokamsupplied off-board charger was used in place of the onboard charger to successfully perform a constant speed range test on the Invita. The Invita traveled a total of 47.9 miles in 1 hour 47 minutes, consuming 91.3 amp-hours and 6.19 kilowatt-hours. The Kokam Engineering lithium polymer battery was also scheduled for battery pack characterization testing, including the C/3 energy capacity, dynamic stress, and peak power tests. Testing was stopped during the initial C/3 energy capacity test, however, because the battery pack failed to withstand cycling without cell failures. After the third discharge/charge sequence was completed, it was discovered that Cell 6 had failed, with a voltage reading of 0.5 volts. Cell 6 was replaced, and the testing sequence was restarted. After the second discharge/charge sequence was complete, it was discovered that Cell 1 had failed, with its voltage reading 0.2 volts. At this point it was decided to stop all battery pack testing. During the discharge cycles, the battery pack supplied 102.21, 94.34, and 96.05 amp-hours consecutively before Cell 6 failed. After replacing Cell 6, the battery pack supplied 98.34 and 98.11 amp-hours before Cell 1 failed. The Idaho National Laboratory managed these testing activities for the AVTA, as part of DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.

  5. HOOPER BAY HOUSING ANALYSIS AND ENERGY FEASIBILITY REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SEA LION CORPORATION; COLD CLIMATE HOUSING RESEARCH CENTER; SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTHY BREATHING; WHITNEY CONSTRUCTION

    2012-12-30

    Sea Lion applied for and received a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) towards this end titled â??Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Countryâ?ť. The initial objectives of the Hooper Bay Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study were to demonstrate a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the Tribe through: (1) partnering with Whitney Construction and Solutions for Healthy Breathing in the training and hire of 2 local energy assessors to conduct energy audits of 9 representative housing models and 2 commercial units in the community. These homes are representative of 52 homes constructed across different eras. (2) partnering with Cold Climate Housing Research Center to document current electrical and heating energy consumption and analyze data for a final feasibility report (3) assessing the economics of electricity & heating fuel usage; (4) projecting energy savings or fossil fuel reduction by modeling of improvement scenarios and cost feasibility The following two objectives will be completed after the publication of this report: (5) the development of materials lists for energy efficiency improvements (6) identifying financing options for the follow-up energy efficiency implementation phase.

  6. QCD PHASE TRANSITIONS-VOLUME 15.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCHAFER,T.

    1998-11-04

    The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some. efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

  7. QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.

    1999-03-20

    The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

  8. Archaeofaunal insights on pinniped-human interactions in the northeastern Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford-Gonzales, D; Newsome, S; Koch, P; Guilderson, T; Snodgrass, J; Burton, R

    2004-02-07

    Human exploitation of pinnipeds has considerable antiquity but shows increasing impacts on population numbers in the Holocene. Pinnipeds are a rich source of fat as well as protein. A few well-documented cases of regional extirpation of seals and sea lions by non-industrial peoples exist. The northeastern Pacific region, from southern California to Alaska, has yielded archaeological evidence for distributions and abundances of eared seals that differs markedly from historically documented biogeography. This is especially true of the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), among the most common pinnipeds in many archaeological sites from the Santa Barbara Channel area through to Kodiak Islands. This chapter reviews contemporary eared seal biogeography, evidence for the earlier timing and extent, of occurrence of northern fur seals along the northeastern Pacific coast, zooarchaeological and isotopic evidence for their foraging and probable maintenance of rookeries in lower latitudes, and for their disappearance from the southernmost part of their ancient distribution well before European contact. It also reviews ongoing debates over the behavioral ecology of ancient fur seals and over humans role in contributing to their disappearance.

  9. Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesa, Matthew

    2009-02-13

    Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

  10. City of Phoenix - Energize Phoenix Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laloudakis, Dimitrios J.

    2014-09-29

    Energize Phoenix (EPHX) was designed as an ambitious, large-scale, three-year pilot program to provide energy efficiency upgrades in buildings, along Phoenix’s new Light Rail Corridor – part of a federal effort to reduce energy consumption and stimulate job growth, while simultaneously reducing the country’s carbon footprint and promoting a shift towards a green economy. The program was created through a 2010 competitive grant awarded to the City of Phoenix who managed the program in partnership with Arizona State University (ASU), the state’s largest university, and Arizona Public Service (APS), the state’s largest electricity provider. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 provided $25M in funding for the EPHX program. The Light Rail Corridor runs through the heart of downtown Phoenix, making most high-rise and smaller commercial buildings eligible to participate in the EPHX program, along with a diverse mix of single and multi-family residential buildings. To ensure maximum impact and deeper market penetration, Energize Phoenix was subdivided into three unique parts: i. commercial rebate program, ii. commercial financing program, and iii. residential program Each component was managed by the City of Phoenix in partnership with APS. Phoenix was fortunate to partner with APS, which already operated robust commercial and residential rebate programs within its service territory. Phoenix tapped into the existing utility contractor network, provided specific training to over 100 contracting firms, and leveraged the APS rebate program structure (energy efficiency funding) to launch the EPHX commercial and residential rebate programs. The commercial finance program was coordinated and managed through a contract with National Bank of Arizona, NBAZ, which also provided project capital leveraging EPHX finance funds. Working in unison, approved contractors jointly produced more than 161,000 labor hours in pursuit of EPHX goals over the life of the project. Labor hours were spread among electricians, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) technicians, marketing professionals, engineers, sales, and administrative support staff across the approved contractor workforce. Program participants received both the utility rebate along with the EPHX rebate, and depending on project size and utility rebate structure some projects resulted in low to no-cost upgrades for customers. Phoenix also partnered with ASU, a grant sub-recipient, to leverage the institution’s expertise in research and data analysis. In this partnership, ASU accepted marketing responsibilities for the grant and partnered with DRA Communications (DRA), a Phoenix-based marketing firm, to create and communicate the message out to the marketplace. The EPHX program has completed its energy upgrade activities. A review of the work completed by ASU revealed that the EPHX program substantially exceeded the program’s stated goals by retrofitting/upgrading over 33 million sq ft of commercial space (30 million sq ft goal exceeded by 11%) and 2,014 residential units (1,700 unit goal exceeded by 18%) along the Light Rail Corridor. The program helped stimulate economic growth by adding $31million to the local economy and enhanced an already robust energy efficiency contractor network. This contractor network will continue to promote utility energy incentives to sustain energy efficiency upgrade activities in the future. Finally, EPHX helped reduce participants annual energy consumption by 135 million kilowatt-hour (kWh) translating into over $12.5 million of annual energy cost avoidance for the community. This also resulted in projected payback period of 4.5 years for total investment by all parties and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by over 95,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

  11. Elk Valley Rancheria Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ed Wait, Elk Valley Rancheria; Frank Ziano & Associates, Inc.

    2011-11-30

    Elk Valley Rancheria; Tribe; renewable energy; energy options analysis. The Elk Valley Rancheria, California ('Tribe') is a federally recognized Indian tribe located in Del Norte County, California, in the northwestern corner of California. The Tribe, its members and Tribal enterprises are challenged by increasing energy costs and undeveloped local energy resources. The Tribe currently lacks an energy program. The Tribal government lacked sufficient information to make informed decisions about potential renewable energy resources, energy alternatives and other energy management issues. To meet this challenge efficiently, the Tribe contracted with Frank Zaino and Associates, Inc. to help become more energy self-sufficient, by reducing their energy costs and promoting energy alternatives that stimulate economic development. Frank Zaino & Associates, Inc. provided a high level economic screening analysis based on anticipated electric and natural gas rates. This was in an effort to determine which alternative energy system will performed at a higher level so the Tribe could reduce their energy model by 30% from alternative fuel sources. The feasibility study will identify suitable energy alternatives and conservation methods that will benefit the Tribe and tribal community through important reductions in cost. The lessons learned from these conservation efforts will yield knowledge that will serve a wider goal of executing energy efficiency measures and practices in Tribal residences and business facilities. Pacific Power is the provider of electrical power to the four properties under review at $ 0.08 per Kilowatt-hour (KWH). This is a very low energy cost compared to alternative energy sources. The Tribe used baseline audits to assess current and historic energy usage at four Rancheria owned facilities. Past electric and gas billing statements were retained for review for the four buildings that will be audited. A comparative assessment of the various energy usages will determine the demand, forecast future need and identify the differences in energy costs, narrowing the focus of the work and defining its scope. The Tribe's peak demand periods will help determine the scope of need for alternative energy sources. The Tribe's Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis report included several system investigations which include fuel cells, wind turbines, solar panels, hydro electric, ground source heat pumps, bio mass, cogeneration & energy conservation and implementation for the existing properties. The energy analysis included site visits to collect and analyze historical energy usage and cost. The analysis also included the study of the building systems for the Elk Valley Casino, Elk Valley Rancheria administration complex, United Indian Health Service/Small Community Center complex and the Tribal Gaming Commission Offices. The analysis involved identifying modifications, performing an engineering economic analysis, preparation of a rank ordered list of modifications and preparation of a report to provide recommendations and actions for the Tribe to implement.

  12. Boundary layers and incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit of the Boltzmann Equation in Bounded Domain (I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning Jiang; Nader Masmoudi

    2015-10-10

    We establish the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier limit for solutions to the Boltzmann equation with a general cut-off collision kernel in a bounded domain. Appropriately scaled families of DiPerna-Lions-(Mischler) renormalized solutions with Maxwell reflection boundary conditions are shown to have fluctuations that converge as the Knudsen number goes to zero. Every limit point is a weak solution to the Navier-Stokes-Fourier system with different types of boundary conditions depending on the ratio between the accommodation coefficient and the Knudsen number. The main new result of the paper is that this convergence is strong in the case of Dirichlet boundary condition. Indeed, we prove that the acoustic waves are damped immediately, namely they are damped in a boundary layer in time. This damping is due to the presence of viscous and kinetic boundary layers in space. As a consequence, we also justify the first correction to the infinitesimal Maxwellian that one obtains from the Chapman-Enskog expansion with Navier-Stokes scaling. This extends the work of Golse and Saint-Raymond \\cite{Go-Sai04, Go-Sai05} and Levermore and Masmoudi \\cite{LM} to the case of a bounded domain. The case of a bounded domain was considered by Masmoudi and Saint-Raymond \\cite{M-S} for linear Stokes-Fourier limit and Saint-Raymond \\cite{SRM} for Navier-Stokes limit for hard potential kernels. Both \\cite{M-S} and \\cite{SRM} didn't study the damping of the acoustic waves. This paper extends the result of \\cite{M-S} and \\cite{SRM} to the nonlinear case and includes soft potential kernels. More importantly, for the Dirichlet boundary condition, this work strengthens the convergence so as to make the boundary layer visible. This answers an open problem proposed by Ukai \\cite{Ukai}.

  13. Infinitely many solutions of a quasilinear elliptic problem with an oscillatory potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omari, P.; Zanolin, F.

    1996-12-31

    Let {Omega} be a bounded domain in IR{sup N}, with N {ge} 1, having a smooth boundary {partial_derivative}{Omega}. We denote by A the quasilinear elliptic second order differential operator defined by Au+div(a({vert_bar}{del}{sub u}{vert_bar}{sup 2}){del}{sub u}). We suppose that the function a:[O,+{infinity}{r_arrow}O, +{infinity}] is of class C{sup 1} and satisfies the following ellipticity and growth conditions of Leray-Lions type (cf. e.g. [22]): there are constants {gamma}, {Lambda} > O, K {epsilon} [O,1] and p {epsilon}[1, +{infinity}]such that, for every s > O, {lambda}(K + S){sup p-2} {le} a(s{sup 2}){le}{Lambda} (K+S){sup p-2}({lambda}-1/2) a(s){le}a{prime}(s) s {le}{Gamma} a(s). Hence, we can define, for each s {ge} O, the function A(s) = {integral}{sub O}{sup s} a({xi})d{xi}. Let us consider the Dirichlet problem -Au={mu}(x)g(u) + h(x) in {Omega}, u=O on {partial_derivative}{Omega}, where g: IR {r_arrow} IR is continuous and {mu}, h {epsilon} L{sup {infinity}}({infinity}), with {mu}{sub O} = ess inf{sub {Omega}}{sub {mu}} > O. We also set G(s) = {integral}{sub O}{sup s}g({integral})d{integral}, for all s {epsilon} IR. By a solution of (1.3) we mean a function u {epsilon} W{sub O}{sup 1,p} ({Omega}) {intersection} L{sup {infinity}} ({Omega}) such that {integral}{sub {Omega}} a({vert_bar}{del}{sub u}{vert_bar}{sup 2}){del}{sub u}{del}{sub wdx}= {integral}{sub {Omega}} {mu}g(u)wdx + {integral}{sub {Omega}} hwdx, for every w {epsilon} W{sub O}{sup 1,p}({Omega}), where p is the exponent which appears in (1.1). The aim of this paper is to prove the existence of infinitely many solutions of problem (1.3) when the potential G(s) exhibits an oscillatory behaviour at infinity. 22 refs.

  14. Office of River Protection (ORP) Mission Completion Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WIEGMAN, S.A.

    2002-02-24

    DOE's Office of River Protection (ORP) is readying itself to commence construction of a Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) that will start the process of turning Hanford tank waste into glass. The plant is state-of-the art and includes reasonable flexibility to improve operations as technology and operational understandings improve. During its 40 year design life the plant has the capability to treat half of the total volume of tank waste and reduce risk to the public by up to ninety percent. Looking beyond initial processing towards the project end state, however, it is apparent that ORP's baseline approach is part of the issue raised by the DOE Secretary when he said that $300 billion and 75 years is too costly and too long for DOE's environmental cleanups. ORP has reviewed its cost and schedule drivers and has started identifying areas where better technologies and risk-based strategies could substantially decrease its life cycle cost and schedule. Specific technologies under consideration will be discussed along with expected return on investment. ORP is totally committed to taking all steps necessary during cleanup to protect human health and the environment and to comply with appropriate regulations and commitments. But, ORP is also very conscious of the fact that the history of Hanford production and tank farm operations has resulted in very large tank-to-tank variabilities in the waste constituents. Not all tank wastes demand the same high level of rigor in treatment as provided by the WTP in order to protect people and the environment. Parallel treatment paths, keyed to the hazards and chemical challenges each tank presents, need to be developed. The WTP vitrification capabilities should be deployed for the higher risk wastes that require vitrification. By getting wastes in the proper paths for treatment based upon their chemical characteristics and inherent risks, ORP will be able to both accelerate the cleanup schedule and bring its life cycle and annual funding requirements into line. The WTP needs to be managed and its throughput enhanced to vitrify all of the HLW and approximately 50% of the low-level tank waste by about 2030. That represents the lion's share of the current and long-term risk presented by the tanks. For much of the low activity waste currently in the tanks, parallel treatment technologies are required that protect people and the environment but require less time and less cost than the total vitrification option presents. Any such technologies that ORP deploys must have sound, defensible bases with the prerequisite QA pedigrees. Providing parallel paths for lower risk wastes will allow ORP to avoid the 20-30 year treatment schedule that lower risk tanks would otherwise face. Potential parallel paths will be described. ORP also needs to deploy and test technologies to demonstrate that its tank farms can be successfully closed. Starting such a demonstration during the period while the plant is under construction will allow ORP to start developing critical data that it will need for permanent closures at a later date. It will take many years of testing such demonstration activities and monitoring to develop confidence in tank closure approaches. If ORP starts such an effort, practicing on smaller, more benign tanks, it will reap significant institutional benefits in the near-term and have far better information when it is ready to start to close entire tank farms in the future.

  15. Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-01-31

    The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of