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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NREL: News - NREL Finds Up to 6-cent per Kilowatt-Hour Extra...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

714 NREL Finds Up to 6-cent per Kilowatt-Hour Extra Value with Concentrated Solar Power The greater the penetration of renewables in California, the greater the value of CSP with...

2

Sandia National Laboratories: $0.06 per kilowatt-hour for solar electricity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for solar

3

EE631 C ti A t M bilEE631 Cooperating Autonomous Mobile Lecture 1: Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of Mobile Robots Ways of OperationWays of Operation Single Robot vs. Multi-Robots T i f St d Thi S tTopics of Study This Semester #12;A li ti f M bil R b tApplications of Mobile Robots I d O td `industrial like' walking robot. It is designed movingdesigned moving wood out of the forest. The leg

Guo, Yi

4

EE631 C ti A t M bilEE631 Cooperating Autonomous Mobile Lecture 1: Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of Mobile Robots Ways of OperationWays of Operation Single Robot vs. Multi-Robots T i f St d Thi S tTopics of Study This Semester #12;A li ti f M bil R b tApplications of Mobile Robots I d O td;Forester RobotForester Robot Pulstech d l d th fi tdeveloped the first `industrial like' walking robot

Guo, Yi

5

Are parasites prudent in space? Sebastien Lion1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER Are parasites √?√?prudent√?√? in space? Se¬ībastien Lion1 * and Mike Boots2 1 School 1995; Rand et al. 1995; Boots & Sasaki 1999,2000; Haraguchi & Sasaki 2000; van Baalen 2002; O'Keefe & Antonovics 2002; Read & Keeling 2003; Kamo et al. 2006; Kamo & Boots 2006; Lion & van Baalen 2008

Lion, Sébastien

6

african lions panthera: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: minerals in the Lion Mountain member may be attributed to intensive erosion of the source area...

7

african lion panthera: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: minerals in the Lion Mountain member may be attributed to intensive erosion of the source area...

8

"The Mycenae-Vapheio Lion Group"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 34r-qz P.P. Betancourr, ,,The pol1.p Workshop: A Sqlistic Group from LM Ib," AIA 77 g97 j1 333-J4i B.L. I3enson, "Observations on M1'cenaean Vasc-paint- ers," AIA 65 (r96r) 337-47; F. Stubbings, ',Some Ml.cenaean Arhsts," BSA 46 (r95r) t68-77. r... the margins to fiIl spaces. :. (Fig. 3) Karo 394. Dagger in niello. Ob- verse: a lion attacks a small herd of five sazelles. He fells one towrrd the hilt while the others flee in e flying gallop down the blade. Three gazelles are in- tent on escaping, but one...

Younger, John G.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PORT LIONS RURAL TRIP 2010, A. KAILING & L. WOOD Who are you? We are graduate students to and accommodate them. What did you learn? We learned that the Native population in Port Lions are Alutiiq visited Port Lions, a small village on the Northwest coast of Kodiak Island. What did you do? Amanda

Pantaleone, Jim

10

Thermoregulation in Steller sea lions: an experimental approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) s throughout thc 1980s and 1990s also showed that the prey base in re& ions inhabited b) Steller sca lions had shifted I'rom more I'atty fishes in the 1970?, to predominantly less latty Iishes in the 1980s and 1990? (Livingston, 1993: Trites, 1998). As a...

Willis, Kate

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian sea lion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences and Ecology 17 Curriculum Vita Last updated June, 2007 Summary: of industrial fishery of jack mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus) on feeding behaviour of southern sea lion...

12

Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review of Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology of the Northeast Pacific.

Pierotti, Raymond

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DDT in endangered Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) Juan Jose Alava a , Peter S. Ross b Islands Ecuador DDT p,p0 -DDE Health risk a b s t r a c t We characterize for the first time the presence of DDT and its metabolites in tropical Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wolleabeki). P DDT concentrations

Gobas, Frank

14

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS COLUMBIA 0Jan M. Mcl'hee, 2001 #12;ABSTRACT The potential use of heart rate to monitor energy expenditure a relationship exists between heart rate @I) and oxygen consumption ( ~ 0 ~ )in captive sea lions while swimming

15

Can feedstock production for biofuels be sustainable in California?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supply of ethanol and biodiesel for transportation. Current1 bil- lion gallons of biodiesel (primarily soy) and anothercellulosic sources Biodiesel PetroleumÜ et al. 2007). Some

Kaffka, Stephen R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Metabolic and thermoregulatory capabilities of juvenile steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expenditures would be expected in these animals to cope. Measures of resting metabolism in juvenile free-ranging Steller sea lions across Alaska showed no differences between eastern and western capture locations, suggesting no evidence of metabolic depression...

Hoopes, Lisa Ann

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Holocene evolution of a Languedocian lagoonal environment controlled by inherited coastal morphology (northern Gulf of Lions, France)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

streams that have been providing most of the clastic sediments to the Gulf of Lions margin since the early morphologie c√īti√®re h√©rit√©e (Nord du golfe du Lion, France) Mots-cl√©s. ¬≠ Environnement lagunaire, Littoral c√īti√®re de Maguelone s'√©tend le long de la partie nord du golfe du Lion, √† l'ouest du delta du Rh√īne d

Demouchy, Sylvie

18

Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

250 Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina Mariano Nacional de la Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina E-mail address: koen Patagonia Boulevard Brown 3600 (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina Manuscript accepted 9 August 1999

19

Behavioral and Physiological Response of White Sturgeon to an Electrical Sea Lion Barrier System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by state and federal agencies for electrofishing of salmonid fishes (NMFS 2000; WSDOT 2006), and the systemBehavioral and Physiological Response of White Sturgeon to an Electrical Sea Lion Barrier System Technology Center, 1440 Abernathy Creek Road, Longview, Washington 98632, USA Abstract.--Action agencies have

Suski, Cory David

20

ANALYSIS OF A CHIMERA METHOD FRANCO BREZZI , JACQUESLOUIS LIONS AND OLIVIER PIRONNEAU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF A CHIMERA METHOD FRANCO BREZZI , JACQUES¬≠LOUIS LIONS AND OLIVIER PIRONNEAU ABSTRACT. Chimera is a variant of Schwarz' algorithm which is used in CFD to avoid meshing complicated objects of the subdomains in their region of intersection. R‚?? esum‚?? e Chimera est une variante de l'algorithme de Schwarz

Brezzi, Franco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Digestive efficiency and dry-matter digestibility in Steller sea lions fed herring, pollock, squid, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digestive efficiency and dry-matter digestibility in Steller sea lions fed herring, pollock, squid, and salmon D.A.S. Rosen and A.W. Trites Abstract: Dry-matter digestibility and energy digestive efficiency-matter digestibility (DMD) and digestive efficiency (DE) were measured using the energy and manganese concentration

22

Climate Extremes Promote Fatal Co-Infections during Canine Distemper Epidemics in African Lions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Extremes Promote Fatal Co-Infections during Canine Distemper Epidemics in African Lions. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America Abstract Extreme climatic conditions may alter historic host to clearly illustrate how climate extremes can promote a complex interplay between epidemic and endemic

Weiblen, George D

23

DDT Strikes Back: Galapagos Sea Lions Face Increasing Health Juan Jose Alava, Sandie Salazar, Marilyn Cruz, Gustavo Jimenez-Uzcategui,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SYNOPSIS DDT Strikes Back: Galapagos Sea Lions Face Increasing Health Risks Juan Jose¬ī Alava. INTRODUCTION Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an effective and relatively cheap anti-malaria pesticide; Blus 2003), the WHO has recommitted to the use of the malaria-fighting pesticide DDT in tropical

Gobas, Frank

24

A new method for determining gastric acid output using a wireless pH-sensing capsule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2013 EV Pub Online 3 May 2013 SUMMARY Background Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD sales at $7.9 bil- lion.4 In addition, PPIs are inappropriately prescribed one-third to three

25

A petrologic and mechanical analysis of the Lion Mountain and Welge sandstones of southern Mason County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis 52 Replacement of Quartz 53 Heavy Mineral Study Description of heavy minerals 55 Description of light minerals Possible source area D ISCONFORM ITY 59 ENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION General Statement 60 Lion Mountain Environment eo Welge... penecontemporaneously in a lime mud. Evidence for recrystallization of the lime mud after deposition is suggested by gradation of irregular patches of course calcite into areas of microcrystalline calcite. The dominant clastic mineral in both members is quartz which...

Daugherty, Thomas Daniel

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Three-dimensional photogrammetry as a tool for assessing morphometrics and estimating body mass of Steller sea lions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

testing indicated a significant difference in Table 5. Summary of standard length percent errors. Grou WILD ANIMALS SE Alaska Prince William Snd CAPTIVE ANIMALS ASLC Sugar Kiska Woody VANCOUVER Hazy Sitka Timber Kodiak n Mean '/o 28 1. 749... endless support throughout the entire process. I would like to thank Ken Pitcher of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game for providing me with the opportunity to collect data on wild juvenile sea lions by allowing me to take part in three capture...

Waite, Jason Neil

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Military Dolphins and Sea Lions: What Do They Do and Who Uses Them?1 by Jane J. Lee for National Geographic2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-centimeter-long) objects under two feet23 (0.61 meters) of mud, BJ passed with flying colors. Researchers still don't know reeled him in like a fish. Both California sea lions and bottlenose dolphins are35 fairly hardy, smart

South Bohemia, University of

28

Ann. Geophysicae 15, 1--4 (1997) EGS --Springer-Verlag 1997 The LION instrument on SOHO and its scientific objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems concerning both solar pro- cesses and solar cosmic ray modulation in interplanetary space of the low- energy ion and electron (LION) instrument on the SOHO spacecraft and its scientific goals It is now possible to distinguish a rich variety of solar phenomena by observing the energetic particles

Boyer, Edmond

29

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated, Average RefinerEnergy923Demand9.40 8.95 8.28 8.52

30

The feasibility of transcervical catheterization and nonsurgical embryo collection in the domestic cat (Felis catus) and the African lion (Panthera leo)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FEASIBILITY OF TRANSCERVICAL CATHETERIZATION AND NONSURGICAL EMBRYO COLLECTION IN THE DOMESTIC CAT (Felis catus) AND AFRICAN LION (Panthers leo) A Thesis by SANDRA LOU HURLBUT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Veterinary Physiology THE FEASIBILITY OF TRANSCERVICAL CATHETERIZATION AND NONSURGICAL EMBRYO COLLECTION IN THE DOMESTIC CAT (Felis cetus) AND AFRICAN...

Hurlbut, Sandra Lou

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Robert W. SchoDlng Joh n L. Baxter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$114 bil- lion of 1970. Per-capita food consumption likely will show another significant increase as population, prices, and per-capita con- sumptioncontinue torise. An expected, large gain of 8% in consumers is for slightly lower consumption. Fishery Products The U.S. market for fishe ry products re- mained strong during

32

he Government of India visualized the importance of electronics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as important to the Indian economy as oil. EMERGING DIGITAL ECONOMY The global market for IT enabling services Devanagari) is slated to touch USD 2.2 bil- lion by 2001. In the era of globalization and knowledge economy-economic growth, and also to get benefit of the emerging digital economy, the Central Government has created a new

Srinivasan, N.

33

Studying variation of fundamental constants with molecules V. V. Flambaum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directly linked to experimentally measured atomic and molecular observables. Below we will show that huge, and Oklo natural nuclear reactor give us the space-time variation of constants on the Universe lifetime scale, i.e. on times from few bil- lion to more than ten billion years. Comparison of the frequencies

Titov, Anatoly

34

Improved Search for Socially Annotated Data Nikos Sarkas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

registered users and stored 2 bil- lion images by November 2007. Our own Spring 2007 crawl of del.icio.us that utilizes exclusively the user- assigned tag sequences. Ranking is based on solid probabilistic foundations compared to other applicable approaches. Our evalu- ation is based on a large crawl of del.icio.us

Stoyanovich, Julia

35

26 IEEE power & energy magazine september/october 2009 1540-7977/09/$26.002009 IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

26 IEEE power & energy magazine september/october 2009 Balance of Power 1540 not yet satisfy the energy needs of much of their people, who must often rely on burning wood for heating will require about US$90 bil- lion of investment in the power sector in the next ten years

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catůlica de Chile)

36

Foreign Competition- The Great Debate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in South Africa can be expected this year. Bills already introduced include a prohibition of the sale of Kruggerands in the United States. o This year the President will likely ask Congress for authorization to proceed with a worldwide negotiation... baseball game, thirty to nothing in the fifth inning. The Administration is already guessing that this year's deficit will be around #150 bil~ lion dollars. This deficit in trade is causing almost as much concern in Washington, D.C. as the national...

Foveaux, M. T.

37

Re: RE: RE: FW: kink BilLlehr 0 Marcia K McNutt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to let you know that I am working on this while both Steve > > > and Jasper are out. I will get you : Haden, Steven K > > Sent: Monday, May 31, 2010 4:35 AM > > To: Peijs, Jasper > > Cc: Benko , Brittany D > > Subj ect: FW: kink > > > > > > Jasper, > > > > I'm back i n the UK until t omorrow. Grateful if you

Fleskes, Joe

38

Bil DO"N 'l''~W. GE DOCUMENT NO. 79SDS4207 DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT ............................ 3-1 3.1 Introduction .................... 3-1 3.2 Combustor ....................... 4-9 4.5 Advanced Combustor Development ...... ............ 4-11 I iii #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) Section Page 4.5.1 Advanced Combustor .......................... 4-11 4. 5. 2 Heater Head Fin

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

39

Lion Energy SA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolar (Texas) JumpEvent (2) linked open

40

Lion Television films at Oak Ridge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011Liisa O'Neill About UsConduction.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Company/Organization Name Location FOOD LION #30 Albemarle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BANK, Antrim Antrim EDMUND'S ACE HARDWARE, Antrim Antrim ASHLAND LUMBER CO., Ashland Ashland CUSTANCE BROTHERS WOODWORKING, Ashland Ashland ATKINSON PLICE DEPARTMENT, Atkinson Atkinson MAINE DRILLING

New Hampshire, University of

42

Red Lion Hotel Richland Hanford House Richland, Washington U...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

99352 USA Tel: (509) 539-1996 Fax: (509) 3727971 jlyo461@ecy.wa.gov Jacques Marchand SIMCO Technologies Inc. President 1400 boul. Parc-Technologique, Suite 203 Quebec,...

43

Shallow gas off the Rhone prodelta, Gulf of Lions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in press. What controls shallow gas in Western Adriatic Sea?L. , Arntsen, B. , 2003. Gas chimneys Ė indicating aseismic maping of shallow gas in the Belgian coastal zone.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Imara Corp formerly Lion Cells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISI SolarIdanha,Information Jump to:Imara Corp

45

Recovery helps California company get ahead | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

XeroCoat provides as much as a 5-percent increase in energy on a kilowatt-hour basis. A medium-sized air conditioner runs for about one hour on a kilowatt-hour of electricity,...

46

running head: ESA classification and Steller sea lions-C , Endangered SpeciesAct Status of the Western Populationof Steller Sea Lions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

100 years the species had at least a 10%probability of extinction. Results of the MVP analysis the appropriate category. Because current categories of species status may not reflect actual extinction risks the status of a species provides the necessary information for assessing extinction rates and for identifying

47

Human Disturbance Influences Reproductive Success and Growth Rate in California Sea Lions (Zalophus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Zalophus californianus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Increased human presence was associated that explicitly consider the potential impact of human activities such as ecotourism on vertebrate populations

Gerber, Leah R.

48

The influence of human disturbance on California sea lions during the breeding season  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA Keywords animal behavior; conservation; ecotourism; management in the Gulf of California (GoC), Mexico. Although human presence is prohibited on these islands without to human disturbance and a possible flagship species for ecotourism, but further studies

Gerber, Leah R.

49

Designing Marine Protected Areas for the South American Sea Lion (Otaria byronia) in the Argentine Patagonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a variability off Patagonia based on SeaWiFS data. JournalD. (2003). MamŪferos marinos de Patagonia y AntŠrtida [Marine mammals of Patagonia and Antarctica]. Buenos Aires:

Padula, Cynthia Gabriela

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRANOISE SIMONOT-LION, AND CDRIC WILWERT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in Automotive Communication Systems NICOLAS NAVET, YEQIONG SONG, FRAN√?OISE SIMONOT imposed on the commu- nication systems. Then, a comprehensive review of the most widely used automotive networks, as well as the emerging ones, is given. Next, the current efforts of the automotive industry

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

The Cognitive Effects of Naturally Occurring Domoic Acid Toxicosis in Wild California Sea Lions (Zalophus Californianus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allocentric combine. TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 551Ėin the motivational and cognitive control of behavior.deficits but normal cognitive behavior despite widespread

Cook, Peter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Mountain lion use of an area of high recreational development in Big Bend National Park, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Site Restrictions and Closures Habitat/Site Alterations. . . . . . . . . . . . Protocol for Incidents of Attack or Depredation. 113 113 120 128 135 141 147 150 Recommendations f or Management. . . . . . . . . Education of Visitors and Residents... subadults should be considered high risk. Alternative management actions for reducing risk to visitors were identified and evaluated. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was cooperatively funded by Big Bend National Park (BIBE), Texas; The National Park Service...

Ruth, Toni Karen

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Wastewater recycling and heat reclamation at the Red Lion Central Laundry, Portland, Oregon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses water, energy, and cost savings that can be achieved in a commercial laundry through the use of a wastewater recycling and heat recovery system. Cost savings are achieved through reductions in water use, reduction in sewage charges, reductions in water heating energy, and potential reductions in water treatment chemicals. This report provides an economic analysis of the impact of capital investment, daily consumption, and local utility rates on the payback period.

Garlick, T.F.; Halverson, M.A.; Ledbetter, M.R.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

RORIENTATION DE L'ION S-2 DANS KI AU COURS DU CYCLE DE POMPAGE OPTIQUE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

introduits substitutionnellement dans des monocristaux d'halog6nures alcalins a fait l'objet de nombreux

Boyer, Edmond

55

Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

porous (or soft), meaning practices can be shared with another group or community, or they may be concrete (

Mak, Sarah Y.T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Foraging behavior of juvenile steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and locations in the Gulf of Alaska via satellite telemetry. Twelve of the 17 had experienced 1-3 months of temporary captivity. Effects of temporary captivity on endurance, habitat use and development of diving and ranging behavior were tested. Diving...

Schrader, Wendy Jane

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Variation of mitochondrial control region sequences of Steller sea lions: the three-stock hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into regions and stocks to examine structure at different spatial scales. F- and ?-statistics were computed for all pairwise comparisons of rookeries, regions and stocks. Significant (PAlaska to California...

Baker, Alyson Renee

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS AND POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS IN GALAPAGOS SEA LIONS (ZALOPHUS WOLLEBAEKI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p- dioxins (PCDDs), and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) repre- sent persistent

Gobas, Frank

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - american sea lion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics ; Geosciences 47 Curriculum Vita Last updated June, 2007 Summary: of industrial fishery of jack mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus) on feeding behaviour of...

60

STATUS REVIEW OF THE EASTERN DISTINCT POPULATION SEGMENT OF STELLER SEA LION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................. 8 1.6 Status Review History and Receipt of Petitions to Delist

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERA l"IONS REQUEST BY INEOS USA LLC, OPERATING...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to convert corn stover using the developed technology into existing conventional ethanol plants. The scope of the work that the Petitioner proposes to perform under the sub-award...

62

Restoration Potential of a Mining-Impacted Urban Stream: Horseshoe Branch of Lion Creek, Oakland, CA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the bay. The urban stream restoration movement that arose inecological value. Few stream restoration projects in the Bayon- campus lake and stream restoration activities. An active

Hackenjos, Bethany; Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo; Wood, Jacob

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Steller Sea Lion Protection Measures for Groundfish Fisheries in the Bering Sea and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperating Agencies 7 RELATED DOCUMENTS 8 Alaska Groundfish Programmatic Supplemental EIS (PSEIS) 8 Alaska Groundfish Harvest Specifications EIS 9 Essential Fish Habitat EIS 9 2008 Revised Recovery Plan Impact Statement (EIS). That scoping period began the public process of developing the EIS in accordance

64

Everyday Imaginings Under the Lion Rock: An Analysis of Identity Formation in Hong Kong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

118 † Figure 3: Screenshot from HSBC commercial Ė ď119 † Figure 4: Screenshot from HSBC commercial Ė ďShanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) unveiled a similar TV

Mak, Sarah Y.T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Assessment of Indoor Air Quality Benefits and Energy Costs of Mechanical Ventilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating, given the higher cost per KWh for electricity, aaverage cost of electrical energy per kilowatt-hour (kWh) is

Logue, J.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

CX-011741: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

research and development activities for the demonstration of a 1 kilowatt-hour nanotechnology-based high-energy-density liquid energy storage media and corresponding flow...

67

Electric $ales and revenue 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

case, contributing to reductions in purchased electricity. In 2035, residential PV and wind systems produce 23 billion kilowatthours more electricity in the Best Available...

69

Evolution post-rift de la marge du Golfe du Lion en Languedoc : Une marge pas si passive que a !  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collaboration de Hubert Camus (Cenote) et Jean-Yves Reynaud (MNHN) Une excursion organisée pour l'UPA, du 29Miocène. Commentcitercedocument?:Séranne,M.,Camus,H.,Reynaud,J.Y.2011,Evolution postriftdelamargedu

Demouchy, Sylvie

70

PBDE flame retardants and PCBs in migrating Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PBDE ranged from 50 lg kg√?1 (lipid weight) in adult females to 3780 lg kg√?1 in subadult individuals. P PCBs ranged from 272 lg kg√?1 in adult females to 14280 lg kg√?1 in subadult individuals. While most PBDE materials, electronic devices, plastics and paints since the 1970s (de Boer et al., 1998; de Wit, 2002

71

Spatial variation of heat flux in Steller sea lions: evidence for consistent avenues of heat exchange along the body trunk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermistors. Optimal sensor placement was established using infrared thermography to locate the major areas

72

Foraging Ecology of the California Sea Lion: Diet, Diving Behavior, Foraging Locations, and Predation Impacts on Fisheries Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the California Current, 2005-06. CalCOFI Reports, Volume 48.4 prototype SRDL-GPS tags in 2005-06. The CTD and GPS tagsn=21), 2004-05 (n=3), and 2005-06 (n=11). Time (%) Surface

Costa, Daniel P.; Kuhn, Carey; Weise, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Cap de Creus canyon: a link between shelf and slope sediment dispersal systems in the western Gulf of Lions, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

river, ~160 km to the NE). It is hypothesized that the westernmost Cap de Creus canyon is intercepting the regional sediment-transport pathway and directing it offshore, allowing significant sediment export through this area. The overall goal...

DeGeest, Amy Louise

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

74

Observations on the incidence and significance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in food fish for captive California sea lions, Zalophus californianus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specificity of Working Dilutions of SARC and RAVP. . . . . . . . . . . . $6 INTRODUCTION Vibrio arahaemol ticus is the causative agent of an infectious food poisoning syndrome in man associ- ated with the consumption of raw seafood. Recent isolations... C for 10 minutes. The serologic reagents (RkVP and SARC) were titered using the IF technique. In each case, 0. 1 ml of the specific reagent to be titered was diluted in a serial two-fold fashion with pH 7. 2 phosphate buffered saline (PBS...

Beleau, Marshall Harold

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Errata Sheet for Steller Sea Lion Documents for the June 2013 Meeting of the North Pacific Fishery Management Council  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection Measures EIS for the Groundfish Fisheries of the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands By: NMFS Alaska, sentence 3: Replace "Draft EIS Table 5-156..." with "Draft EIS Table 5-79..." 2. Replace page 6, paragraph measures as calculated from the values in the draft EIS table 5-114. 3. On pages 9 and 10 in the third

76

Cashier's Off ents. This pla  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ents. This pla ffective Fall 2 ran/Depende up with Tuitio may use the t Fall paym June 01 July 01 August 01 Septembe October 0 The cost o ** This pla he new GI BIL Fall paym Septembe October 1 Novembe Decembe The cost o ** This pla ayment plans ired by the bil ng up the pl After GI B The Cash standard

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

77

ELECTRICAL LOAD MANAGEMENT FOR THE CALIFORNIA WATER SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DWR Bulletin 194. Hydroelectric Energy Potential inmore than 6 bil- of hydroelectric poweL of view of energyfrom peak demand Daytime hydroelectric Two wate:r age) would

Krieg, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

intensity for diesel and electric freight rail transportFuel Share (% of Fleet) Diesel Electric 40% in 2020 to 36.7%Activity (bil tonne-km) Diesel Electric 1991-2007 average of

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

temperature heat pumps applied to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very high- temperature heat pumps applied to energy efficiency in industry Application June 21th 2012 Energy efficiency : A contribution to environmental protection Kyoto Copenhage Emission, plastics Partnership : EDF R&D Bil

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

80

CX-011364: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bil3 Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Reliable Room-Temperature Nuclear Materials Safeguarding CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10/29/2013 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Idaho Operations Office

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax...

82

Introduction to Benchmarking: Starting a Benchmarking Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

plant Btu per pound of product Manufacturer Btu per pound of product processed Refinery Btu per number of beds occupied Hotel or hospital Kilowatt-hours per square foot...

83

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in the Virgin Islands were paying an average price of 47 cents per kilowatthour for electricity. The Virgin Islands' first large-scale solar project, the 451-kilowatt King...

84

Residential Network Members Impact More Than 42,000 Households...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

annual electricity savings of more than 5 million kilowatt-hours; estimated natural gas savings of 71,580 British therms; and 653,245 estimated annual cost savings. In New...

85

City of Dallas- Green Energy Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In September 2007, the City of Dallas finalized purchase contracts for more than 333 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of green electricity for city facilities during 2008. The city has elected to...

86

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Partners celebrate win-win at hatchery Fewer kilowatt-hours in, more fish out, both numbering in the millions. That's the equation for success at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery...

87

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the corporate income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

88

Webinar: Award-Winning LEEP Campaign Sites Demonstrate Big Savings in High Efficiency Parking Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign is saving nearly 45 million kilowatt-hours and $4 million annually by upgrading its partners to high efficiency lighting in over 500,000 parking spaces.

89

Electric power monthly, July 1995 - with data for April 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides statistical data on net generation, fuel consumption, fossil fuel stocks, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on fossil fuel stocks and costs are also included.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Private Companies, Federal Agencies and National Labs Join Better...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

over the next decade. Data centers consumed about 100 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity in the U.S last year and that number is expected to grow as more information...

91

SunShot Initiative: Making Solar Energy Affordable for All Americans (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through SunShot, DOE supports efforts by private companies, universities, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour, making solar energy affordable for more American families and businesses.

Not Available

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

City of Houston- Green Power Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2007, the City of Houston negotiated a 5-year contract with Reliant Energy for up to 80 MW or 700 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually of renewable energy credits (RECs). These RECs will be...

93

Figure 1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation" " (billion kilowatthours)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,...

94

Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AEA Alaska Energy Authority Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE...

95

Renewable Energy Production Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Supported by the state's Renewable Development Fund, Minnesota offers a payment of 1.5Ę per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for on-farm biogas facilities. Previously, this incentive also offered payments to...

96

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the personal income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

97

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$/MBtu) Electric Heat Rate (Btu/kWh) kWh = kilowatthour; TWh= terawatthour; MBtu = Million Btu; MtC = Metric tons ofon heavy load. Idle Rate (Btu/h) Table 6-9. Energy Star

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

A review of "The Huguenot Soldiers of William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah." by Matthew Glozier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

numbers of Huguenots in 1685-88, they readily accepted them as volunteers and incorporated them in the British brigades in Dutch service, illustrating a linkage of French, Dutch and British Protestant aspirations. In William?s 1688 inva- sion army... on European and British military history. The book would have benefited from critical editorial services. The lengthy introduction to the main topic of Huguenot military service with Protestant armies seems tangential. Glozier provides a chart indicating...

Edward M. Furgol

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Characterizing the winter movements and diving behavior of subadult Steller sea lions (eumetopias jubatus) in the north-central Gulf of Alaska  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2005 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences CHARACTERIZING THE WINTER MOVEMENTS AND DIVING BEHAVIOR OF SUBADULT STELLER SEA... OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Randall Davis Committee Members, Douglas Biggs Jane Packard Head of Department, Robert Brown December 2005 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences iii ABSTRACT...

Briggs, Holly Beth

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

100

Aquatic Mammals 2010, 36(1), 79-83, DOI 10.1578/AM.36.1.2010.79 Filial Imprinting in a Steller Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it was found abandoned as a neonate in June 2006. Following release inApril 2007, the animal repeat- edly housed at three different public display facilities. Of these, seven individuals had been sep- arated

Reichmuth, Colleen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

SEPTEMBER 2013: OPERATIONS DIVISION TRAINING ANNOUNCEMENT TMA Training Contact P/T for Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-led Utilities Basic Steam Cycle Museum Chiller Systems 1 Basic Refrigeration Cycle Turbine Lube Oil System Red Lion Training #4 Chiller Red Lion Training #4 Chiller Pump Fundamentals Sept. 3rd Sept. 9th Sept. 10th

Gelfond, Michael

102

Assessing the Effectiveness of California's Underground Storage Tank Annual Inspection Rate Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE), a gasoline additive. Thefor the lionís share of MTBE contamination, as well asIn response to the MTBE crisis, California increased the

Cutter, W. Bowman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

104

Electric sales and revenue: 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Le disque comme document 1 Karim Hammou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

en France tome 2, L'Harmattan, 2012, pp.177-193. Le disque comme document : une analyse quantitative'action musicale, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2007, p.45 et suiv. 3 Beuscart, J.-S., ¬ę L'industrie du disque : bil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

106

UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA -Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UAVs OVER AUSTRALIA - Market And Capabilities Dr. K.C. Wong Department of Aeronautical Engineering Building J07 University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia Tel: +61 2 9351 2347 Fax: +61 2 9351 4841 kc Australia Tel: +61 3 9647 3053 Fax: +61 3 9647 3050 c.bil@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT It is generally accepted

Wong, K. C.

107

FESTSCHRIFT UNDERSTANDING CREATIVITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to learn about engineering creativity. Beginning in the tradition of Professor Bil- lington to claim the word "creativity" for engineering. Three interrelated questions drive this discussion: WhatBILLINGTON 2012 FESTSCHRIFT #12;122 UNDERSTANDING CREATIVITY Eric M. Hines #12;123 Professor David

Hines, Eric

108

GL A1 01:39 FOURTH By Tatsha Robertson and Raja Mishra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stood in the void left by two toppled skyscrapers yesterday, steadily reading down the list of 2 was strangled in a cell, an inmate said that he had seen guards abuse Geoghan in Concord state prison, the scientists chilled sodium gas to the lowest temperature ever recorded, half a bil- lionth of a degree above

109

Porabskoslovensko ůvca Ďosaí. Praslovanska sinonima *(v)osva : *(v)osa v slovenö?ini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preoblikovano prvotno hrv. Úsa oz. hrv. nar. os? pod vplivom it. vespa Ďosaí. Vasmer: III, 156, pa rusko varianto osvŠ Ďosaí, tudi ůsva Ďistoí (SRNG: 23, 353, 354) ob br. osvŠ Ďosaí le omenja. Bolj pozo- ren je bil Suprun v beloruskem etimoloökem slovarju, ki...

Furlan, Metka

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Title: Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project Data Creator /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project Data Creator / Copyright Data Format: BIL, ASCII, Grid, Shapefile, CSV, XLS, E00 Datum / Map Projection: N/A Resolution: N Science Information Network (CIESIN). "Gridded Population of World and Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project

111

Child Deities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Budzanowski, Mikolaj 2001 Isis, Harpocrates and the lion-Geburtshaus des Tempels der Isis in Philš. ÷sterreichischeStadler, Martin Andreas 2004 Isis: Das gŲttliche Kind und

Budde, Dagmar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

E-Print Network 3.0 - animation shows liquid Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stanford University... Abstract We present a general method for modeling and ... Source: Frey, Pascal - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Universit Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris...

113

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive structured mesh Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Several numerical examples show the e ciency... of the reduction scheme. ? 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEY ... Source: Frey, Pascal - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions,...

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - argentine shortfin squid Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

> >> 1 Food habits of the South American sea lion, Otaria flavescens, off Patagonia, Argentina Summary: of these and other fisheries, such as the Argentine shortfin squid (Illex...

115

Climate Change and Place  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ments and infrastructure; water shortages and higher tem-changes will also affect water availability and depriveof mil- lions of people of water. Food security will also be

Rottle, Nancy; Alberti, Marina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - ancient lake kunda Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WEST... Messages From the Wilderness Nature Walk Lions of Tsavo Africa Inside Ancient Egypt Stanley Field Hall Source: Westneat, Mark W. - Curator of Zoology, Biodiversity...

117

E-Print Network 3.0 - ancient jades map Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Coast... Messages From the Wilderness Nature Walk Lions of Tsavo Africa Inside Ancient Egypt Stanley Field Hall... Africa Maori Meeting House Tibet Evolving Planet Evolving Planet...

118

COUNTER-EXAMPLES TO QUANTIFIER ELIMINATION FOR ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 6, 2006 ... Russian original: Malochleny, Moscow, 1987; Revised Russian edition: Fazis, Moscow, 1996. [10] J.-M. Lion and P. Speissegger, The theorem†...

1910-61-00T23:59:59.000Z

119

Understanding Nutrient Loading to the Coastal Zone from Urban Watersheds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Land Use in the Carpinteria Valley, California.TIONS: Speaker: Carpinteria Creek Watershed Coalition annualand Forecasts for Carpinteria Creek", Lions' Club,

Robinson, Timothy H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

CEC-500-2010-FS-004 Development and Demonstration of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and electricity generation goals, the use of renewable energy technologies, including solar, must be expanded is to achieve a levelized cost of electricity of about 15 cents per kilowatt-hour for concentrating PV systems or absorbing reactive power to or from the grid. · Increasing plug-and-play capabilities of PV systems

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies in Canada IEA Heat Pump Workshop London, UK November 13 in the world, with an average of 16,995 kilowatt-hours per annum. #12;Canada's Context for Heat Pumps Impacts avenues: Ground source heat pumps for cold climates (heating and cooling) Reversible air source heat

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

122

ATTACHMENT A Public Utilities Code Section 399.20,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resource. (c) Every electrical corporation shall file with the commission a standard tariff, as individual circumstances merit. (d) (1) The tariff shall provide for payment for every kilowatthour to the tariff are indifferent to whether a ratepayer with an electric generation facility receives service

123

Briefing Note 2010 6 28 May 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include connecting the Supergrid to solarvoltaic panels and concentrating solar power installations as having an abundance of renewable energy sources, with wind farms in Scotland, solar panels in Germany as early as 2030. The wholesale cost would be an estimated 4.6 eurocents per kilowatt-hour, close

Pedersen, Tom

124

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be recovered through variable, volume-based charges per kilowatt-hour (kWh). At the same time, however, someEXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST REDUCTIONS The Current Terrain In recent years, electric utilities have experienced

125

Sustainable use of California biomass resources can help meet state and national bioenergy targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost adds approxi- mately $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) torealize costs ranging from $0.05 to $0.07 per kWh. Where on-costs from biomass currently range from $0.06 to $0.10 per kWh

Jenkins, Bryan M; Williams, Robert B; Gildart, Martha C; Kaffka, Stephen R.; Hartsough, Bruce; Dempster, Peter G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Making it Happen The Action Plan The Council believes it is critical that the region act now to help secure an adequate, efficient,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are minimal. This means that unlike a conventional generating unit, there are no operating costs to be avoided REDUCE SYSTEM COST AND RISK Conservation Conservation is the highest priority resource under passage at an average levelized cost of approximately 2.5 cents per kilowatt-hour. Despite

127

Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy) PV ­ Photovoltaic (usually solar panels that generate electricity from the sun) RES ­ Renewable ) joules (a unit of energy) HST ­ Harmonized Sales Tax (Nova Scotia's sales tax: 8% provincial plus 6% federal) ha ­ hectare IEA ­ International Energy Agency kWh ­ Kilowatt-hour (a unit of energy) LDV ­ Light

Hughes, Larry

128

Electric sales and revenue 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Office of the President AGENDA ITEM 301 September 7, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Care is the No. 1 health care system in the Salt Lake City metro area, according to U.S. News & World of 85 million kilowatt-hours of green electricity (green.) certified renewable energy and solar panel to 31 percent of the school's total electricity consumption. EPA's list highlights institutions

Capecchi, Mario R.

130

Authors' Note: Address correspondence to John Byrne, Center for Energy & Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716-7301; e-mail: jbbyrne@udel.edu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kilowatt-hours, so that increased energy consumption and economic growth can continue. The article doubts part by the energy sector,2 one might hope that social concerns would rival technical ones. But so far81 Authors' Note: Address correspondence to John Byrne, Center for Energy & Environmental Policy

Delaware, University of

131

Correspondence Latest MMR `dispute'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's reassurances. We should instead be considering solar energy -- a safe and sustainable option. India receives 5,000 trillion kilowatt-hours of solar energy equivalent every year, more than the total energy the country of the UK General Medical Council last year, but fail to report that it found Wakefield guilty, against

Gillespie, Rosemary

132

Simple and Effective Dynamic Provisioning for Power-Proportional Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computer infrastructure. The closer to one PUE is, the better energy utilization is. Real-world statistics consumed an estimated 240 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy, roughly 1.3% of the world total energy Chen, and Lachlan L. H. Andrew Abstract--Energy consumption represents a significant cost in data

Andrew, Lachlan

133

Generating Revenue for Generating Green Electricity: Evidence from Laboratory Experiments on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programs The first generation of green electricity programs were established over the last fifteen years generation. As of 2009, 860 such programs were operating in the United States (Bird and Sumner, 2010 per kilowatt-hour and decides the fraction of monthly electricity consumption to which the premium

Edwards, Paul N.

134

MA 16010 - Exam 2 Practice Exam 2 1. Given f(x) = x2 sinx . Find f/(x ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The price of one kilowatt-hour of electricity is given by p(t)=(t2 + 2t)2, where p(t) is the price in dollars and t is years after 2014 (so 2015 corresponds to t = 1.).

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

135

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2011; 86:15441557  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Frey1,2 1UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7598, Laboratoire J.L. Lions, F-75005 Paris, France 2Universidad de present a three-dimensional numerical simulation on a mechanical device. Copyright 2011 John Wiley & Sons.L. Lions, F-75005 Paris, France. E-mail: debuhan@ann.jussieu.fr Copyright 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12

Frey, Pascal

136

Geology of the Homer Martin Ranch Area, Mason County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandstone Nember. ~. . . ~ Cap Mountain Limestone Member ~. . . . ~ ~ ~ ~ Lion Mountain Sandstone Member. . . ~ ~ ~ . , ~ e ~ 36 WQberns Formation ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 45 Welge Sandstone Member. Morgan Creek L1mestone Member... membered' the Hickory sandstone member, the Cap Mountain limestone member, and the Lion Nountain sandstone member. The Wilberns formation consists of four members: the Welge sandstone member, the Morgan Creek limestone member, the Point Peak shale...

Pool, Alexander Stuart

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Dressing for England: fashion and nationalism in victorian novels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To those gone ahead: my grandfather, Robert Joseph Herbet, and my grandparents Louise and Edward Montz, thank you. The four people who have provided a lion?s share of the intellectual and emotional help throughout this dissertation process are, of course... ............................................................................................. 8 Exploring the Power of an ?Interesting Feminine Weakness?: Chapter Summaries ........................................................................ 16 II ?THAT WICKED PARIS?: EMPIRE, XENOPHOBIA, AND FASHION IN ENGLAND...

Montz, Amy Louise

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M963  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SERIAL NO TOTAL COST NBV 27-May-03 2400STV 1837 N827488 SPECTROPHOTOMETE UV/VIS/NIR LAMBDA900 PERKIN 57226 0.00 01-Aug-80 318 122 N822904 MONITOR AIR PARTICULATE ALPHAIII EBERLINE 547 1988 0.00 25-Sep-08130 M BRAUN LM04118 81659 7,448.46 13-Oct-11 BIL 105 N828466 PURIFIER PURELAB PRIMA SIEMANS WATER TE

139

Korea Institute of Energy Research Seong-Ryong Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+semi-conductor,+ship) exports 172.5 Bil USD (Energy imports) '09 '10 '11(p) *Source: International Monetary Fund - 2011 World.5 38.3 36.8 36.1 22.0 14.2 17.5 15.8 3.7 *source: : Annual Energy Statistics #12;3 Annual energy consumption /p (toe,'09) Power consumption/p (kWh,'09) CO2 emission/p (tCO2,'09) *Source: Energy Balances

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

140

Functions, Part 1 c csun Fall 2011 v15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

customers $14.00 per month plus $0.10 per kilowatt-hour (KWH) of electricity used. Thus, the monthly cost on the price? If the price per gallon is $3.40, what is the cost to fill the tank? If the price per gallon. This is read as: The cost, C(p), to fill the tank is a function of the price p per gallon. Written form: "the

Fuller, Terry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Consumer-Friendly and Environmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-First Century By Lee S. Friedman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and changing fuel costs. However, the cost of providing electricity varies from as low as 1-cent per kWh continue to pay a rate per kilowatt-hour (kWh) that does not vary at all within a day. I will refer to over $1 per kWh depending upon the time and day that it is provided. Those on time invariant rates pay

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

142

Electric power monthly, March 1998 with data for December 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Contract Provisions and Ratchets: Utility Security or Customer Equity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTRACT PROVISIONS ANO RATCHETS: UTILITY SECURITY OR CUSTOMER EQUITY? BARBARA A. PENKALA Senior Research Analyst Houston Lighting & Power Company Houston. Texas ABSTRACT The contract provisions and ratchets con tained in an electric... of customers and the magnitude of the load served. A smaller part of the cost is dependent on kilowatt-hours. or energy supplied. The high investment required in the electric utility business relative to annual revenue has an important influence on price...

Penkala, B. A.

144

atlantic marine ecosystems: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the Gulf of Alaska. According to the hypothesis, a dietary switch to prey of low energy content led to detrimental effects on the population of sea lions. A number of...

145

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North Carolina Commercial Renewable Energy Systems - FLS Robersonville Food Lion Solar A 250 kW PV system will be installed on the existing roof of the Robersonville Food...

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - airports hyena study Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

space use by spotted hyenas in Kenya and concluded that hyena behavior changed in response... -month study period: 58% (n231) were by hyenas, 25% (n99) by lions and 17%...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - accurate reaction energetics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energetics Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Development of the Steller Sea Lion Open Water Project Summary: for deployment on wild animals, and the energetic costs and potential...

148

Electromobility in Qubec: strengths and interests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Tesla, Toyota Substantial rebates for buying electric cars ¬∑ ¬ę Roulez √©lectrique ¬Ľ: up to $8 Electrical school bus: Design and production: Lion Bus Partners: CNTA (electric drivetrain), TM4 (motor

California at Davis, University of

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - arvo ots tnu Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

) + 2EK(w, ) + O(t3 ) , as t 0, where wn and wnn denote the rst and second Source: Frey, Pascal - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Universit Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris 6...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - applying split window Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

region. The one... -subdivision is composed of one-to-three triangle splits ... Source: Frey, Pascal - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Universit Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris 6...

151

Transportation Energy Futures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diesel-powered trucks consumeonly about 2 of the 15 quadril- lion BtusDiesel Methanol/ethanol Ethanol Ethanol Hydrogen $ per physical gallon 0.80-I.10 $ per million Btu

Sperling, Daniel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

509Ann. For. Sci. 60 (2003) 509517 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mil- lion m3 and the wood produced is mainly used for wood pulp (53%), woodchip (36%) and saw timber (11%) [7]. Most eucalypts are planted by forestry companies on exist- ing forest soils, in areas

Boyer, Edmond

153

Microbiology (2000), 146, 851860 Printed in Great Britain Absence of translationally selected  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microbiology (2000), 146, 851≠860 Printed in Great Britain Absence of translationally selected Batterie des Lions, 13007 Marseille, France. Abbreviations: GC3s, GjC content at synonymously variable

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Hunting the Monsters in the Database A critical review of computational tools for detecting chimeric 16S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"The Chimera had the head of a lion and the tail of a serpent, while her chimera checking ... reduced diversity estimates based on pyrosequencing by a factor of 10." -Hass et al. Chimeric 16S detection using chimera slayer

155

Pinniped Predation in thePinniped Predation in the Bonneville Dam Tailrace, 20082010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(SSL) Eumetopias jubatus California sea lion (CSL) Harbor seal Phoca vitulina Zalophus californianus;#12;#12;CSL Chinook Catch by Location, 2010 #12;SSL Chinook Catch by Location, 2010 SSL Sturgeon Catch

156

Julia Riley  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Julia is a student representative to the board for FY 2013-14. She is a senior at Hardin Valley Academy, where she participates in the National Honor Society, Leo Club, a Lions Club organization,...

157

THE Wild Cat BOOK E V E R Y T H I N G Y O U E V E R W A N T E D T O K N O W A B O U T C A T S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

press, 1427 east 60th st, Chicago il 60637. email: nlilly@press.uchicago.edu; telephone: 773 associate lions with the prey-rich, roll- ing short-grass plains of the Serengeti, but these conditions

Mateo, Jill M.

158

A pedigree study of Arabian horses in the United States of America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Animals. Diagram Showing Interrelationship Between the Jellabiet Feysul Female Line and the 14ale Lines of Saklavi I and Jamil El Kebir. Interrelationships of Important Stallions of the Zobeyni Hale Linea " RUTl. ". 8. &52. an inixed sta3. lion...

Gazder, P. J

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleut communities evidence Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and the decline of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska: assessing the ocean climate Summary: in the early 1970s and warmed in the late 1970s and throughout the...

160

Analysis of the effect of climate change on the yield of crops in Turkey using a statistical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is dreadful because this balance is obtained over thousand of years. Since the industrial revolution- lion just before the industrial revolution. However it reached 7 billion in 2011 and it is expected

Kurnaz, Levent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Aerobic capacities in the heart, kidneys, and splanchnic organs of harbor seals: adaptations to diving hypoxia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinnipeds (seals and sea lions) have an elevated mitochondrial volume density [Vv(mt)] and citrate synthase (CS) and ?-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOAD) activity in their swimming muscles, to maintain aerobic metabolism, as an adaptation...

Fuson, Amanda Lynn

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 9, Winter Issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this figure come from? Roughly half, or $500 mil- lion is directly related to the value of the rice crop. This includes the farm gate price, processing and dis- tribution revenues. Much of the eco- nomic infrastructure of the Upper Gulf Coast is dependant... rice production. These lands provide several societal and ecological ben- efits. Rice has an annual impact of nearly $500 mil- lion to the economy of Texas, and represents the economic, social, and environmental underpinning of major sections...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Geology of the Loyal Valley-West area, Mason County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandstone Member. Gap Mountain Limestone Member Lion Mountain Limestone Member . 31 A'ilberns Formation . 32 Welge Sandstone Mexnber. Morgan Creek Limestone Member . Point Peak Shale Member 33 36 San Saba Limestone Member . Ox dovician Systexn... Saadstone Member. 25 Weathered Surface of the Cap Mountain Limestone Member . VII. Sandstone Bed in the Cap Mountain Limestone Member 30 Contact Be~eon the Lion Mountain and Welge Members . IX. Weathered Morgan Creek Limestoae Member 38 Bioherms...

Kmiecik, Jerome Gregory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

164

Forests and The Texas Economy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I UUL; Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1S96 (Blank Page In -O~-.BilUetiBJ ' t '. ,-. "0: . : ?. FORESTS AND THE TEXAS ECONOMY by Jay O'Laughlin i\\ssociate Professor Texas i\\gricultural Experiment Station (Department of Forest Science) Texas i...\\&M University and Richard A. Williams Graduate Research i\\ssistant Texas i\\gricultural Experiment Station (Department of Forest Science) Texas i\\&M University The assistance and support of the Texas Forestry Association and the Texas Forest Service...

Laughlin, Jay O'; Williams, Richard A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A study of temperature inversions over selected stations in Texas and Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s I hat contribut e to the dilu- tion o ~ ?&o. ilu I, ants in the atmosphe re. Atmiospheric stabil- . ' ty may be defined as the a'bil' ty of the atmosphere to re- s? s L, vert' ca& mot& ons (Niemeyer, lgo0) . Stabi I ity is a fuiict";on oi' t... pollution-potential models described by Niemeyer (1960) and Holzworti. (1962). Of course, the occurrence of an invers on at four consecu- tive observation times ioes not mean that it persi. sted throughout the period. This aspect seemed espec:i ally...

Parker, Truman

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Compu-design: the emerging science of computer-assisted document preparation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these variations within a single document, but guidance from research would suggest that that approach is not wise. Although little research has questioned the kinds of type or length of lines that might affect readers since Tinker published L ibil't of Print... depended upon information from older papers, especially Miles Tinker's Le bil t of Print (1963). In these cases, I have also examined the older studies. Besides Visible Lan ua e, journals of educational psychology provided many of the articles which...

Weatherford, Darla-Jean

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Communication and Collaboration Keep San Francisco VA Medical Center Project on Track  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Veterans Affairs Medical Center in San Francisco is saving almost 3 million kilowatt-hours of electricity, more than 70,000 therms of natural gas, and more than $500,000 annually. The energy savings are enough to power 400 homes and supply natural gas to more than 100 homes each year in California. These savings were realized by taking advantage of Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (Super ESPCs) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).

168

Wind energy as a significant source of electricity for the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses wind energy and its potential to significantly impact the generation of electricity within the US. The principles and the equipment used to convert wind energy to electricity are described, as is the status of current technology. Markets and production projections are given. There is discussion of the advances required to reduce the selling cost of electricity generated from the wind from today`s price of about $0.05 per kilowatt-hour to full cost-competitiveness with gas- and coal-based electricity.

Nix, R.G.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Engineering innovation to reduce wind power COE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are enough wind resources in the US to provide 10 times the electric power we currently use, however wind power only accounts for 2% of our total electricity production. One of the main limitations to wind use is cost. Wind power currently costs 5-to-8 cents per kilowatt-hour, which is more than twice the cost of electricity generated by burning coal. Our Intelligent Wind Turbine LDRD Project is applying LANL's leading-edge engineering expertise in modeling and simulation, experimental validation, and advanced sensing technologies to challenges faced in the design and operation of modern wind turbines.

Ammerman, Curtt Nelson [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

170

Electric power monthly, October 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

171

Electric Power Monthly with data for July 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 57 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Electric power monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Statistics are provided for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt-hour of electricity sold.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Electric power monthly with data for June 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity, and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation by energy source and capability of new generating units by company and plant are also included. A section is included in the report which summarizes major industry developments. 1 fig., 64 tabs.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Electric power monthly, May 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

175

Electric sales and revenue 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Electric power monthly, February 1998 with data for November 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Electric sales and revenue 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Electric Power Monthly, September 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

179

Electric power monthly, April 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

Electric power monthly, January 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Photovoltaic system reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the reliability of several photovoltaic projects including SMUD`s PV Pioneer project, various projects monitored by Ascension Technology, and the Colorado Parks project. System times-to-failure range from 1 to 16 years, and maintenance costs range from 1 to 16 cents per kilowatt-hour. Factors contributing to the reliability of these systems are discussed, and practices are recommended that can be applied to future projects. This paper also discusses the methodology used to collect and analyze PV system reliability data.

Maish, A.B.; Atcitty, C. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States); Greenberg, D. [Ascension Technology, Inc., Lincoln Center, MA (United States)] [and others

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Si concentrator solar cell development. [Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a program to develop a commercial, high-efficiency, low-cost concentrator solar cell compatible with Spectrolab`s existing manufacturing infrastructure for space solar cells. The period covered is between 1991 and 1993. The program was funded through Sandia National Laboratories through the DOE concentrator initiative and, was also cost shared by Spectrolab. As a result of this program, Spectrolab implemented solar cells achieving an efficiency of over 19% at 200 to 300X concentration. The cells are compatible with DOE guidelines for a cell price necessary to achieve a cost of electricity of 12 cents a kilowatthour.

Krut, D.D. [Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, CA (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Sandia National Laboratories: 'Giant' Nanocrystal Quantum Dots  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for

184

Sandia National Laboratories: 100 Resilient Cities: Sandia Challenge; About  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for100

185

Sandia National Laboratories: 13,051 lbs of Carpet Sent for Reuse  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour

186

Adventures in the Lunchroom: Nutrition Education and the Nutritional Composition of School Meals in 1990s America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

members of the local culinary community and food service staff work side-by-side to create a carefully chosen menuóďhealthy, appetizing, and with eye appeal.Ē 1 Administrators contact local media and ask them to attend and report on the events. Bright... a series of public service announcements by The Lion King characters Timon and Pumbaa, Ellen Haas, Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer Services, led off the packet 6 U.S. Department of Agriculture, ďThe Lion Kingís Timon & Pumbaa...

Holmes, Tyler

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

187

Swine as an alternative enterprise: Mixed Soils Area of West Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity (512 gpm) Sixty Percent of Original Mell Capacity (3S4 gpm) Forty Percent of Original Mell Capacity (256 gpm) Twent. y Five Percent of Original Nell Capacity (160 gpm) 44 46 50 55 IV. SUNNARY AND CONCI. USIONS 61 Sunxnary Conclusions...:bine and tracLor for irrigated grain sorghum ant itrigaLions requircmenLs preplan t 22, 2. F. s t i nia t. ed irrigated postplant arinua1 grain s (4 ac. costs and returns per acre orghum, prrplant (6 ac, in. in. ) irrigaLions of land for ) plus...

Masch, William Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

The current status of the U.S. MTBE industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the status of the MTBE industry from its beginnings as a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments and the need for the use of oxygenates in non-attainment areas. During 1990--93 three world scale merchant plants were constructed and in 1994 two more were brought on stream. The paper tabulates reasons why MTBE gained the lion`s share of the oxygenates market. Finally the paper discusses the problems that now plague the industry and their causes.

Rose, G.M. [Global Octanes Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

189

Macrogeographic variation of nuclear microsatellite loci in an endangered species, Eumetopiias jubatus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 1989 (Loughlin et al. , 1992). Population numbers in the United States have declined by about 75'/o over the past 20 years (Calkins et al. , 1999). As a result of this decline, the Steller sea lion was listed as threatened under the United States... sea lions have declined in numbers. Pascual and Adkison (1994) used deterministic and stochastic This thesis follows the style and format of the Journal of Mammalogy. ga agg $R'ggc. g co ca pm l al ac aa ca Eca Og ~O, ~Ape a g g gp al cl v...

Trujillo, Robert Greg

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electric Power Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost in fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 12 refs., 4 figs., 48 tabs.

Not Available

1990-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

191

Electric Power Monthly, June 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EPM is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 40 tabs.

Not Available

1990-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

192

Biomass IBR Fact Sheet: Renewable Energy Institute International  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Red Lion Bio-Energy and Pacific Renewable Fuels, is demonstrating a pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery for the production of high-quality, synthetic diesel fuels from agriculture and forest residues using advanced thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies.

193

Water Conservation We want to give you the latest infor-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: by saving water we preserve the energy needed to get it into our homes and treat it. By reducing our use in Pennsylvania In 1995, approximately 9,610 mil- lion gallons per day (MGD) of water were withdrawn are given in million gallons per day (MGD). Water Use Consumptive Purpose (MGD) Use (MGD) Thermoelectric 5

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

194

York University was founded in March 1959, and is now Canada's 3rd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOUNDED York University was founded in March 1959, and is now Canada's 3rd largest university campuses located in the heart of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada's largest metropolis. STUDENTS · 55 and social life at York is one of the richest in Canada. In 2010, the York University Lions men's soccer team

195

A FEASIBLE METHOD FOR OPTIMIZATION WITH ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 7, 2010 ... direction finding, and other signal processing problems [45, 58]. ...... We compared Algorithm 2 with the MATLAB function ďeigsĒ, which calls the Fortran library ARPACK, ...... [12] E. Canc`es, C. Le Bris, and P.-L. Lions, Molecular simulation .... onality constraints, The Journal of Chemical Physics, 128 (2008).

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Renewable Energy Institute International (REII): Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-10-387  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL will provide the Renewable Energy Institute with detailed on-site biomass gasifier syngas monitoring, using the NREL transportable Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometer. This information will be used to optimize the parameters of the gasifier operation, insuring the quality of the syngas made in the Red Lion Bioenergy gasifier and its compatibility with catalytic conversion to fuels.

Carpenter, D.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Electron spectroscopy study of single and double multiphoton ionization of strontium by visible picosecond laser light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

795 Electron spectroscopy study of single and double multiphoton ionization of strontium by visible'ionisation multiphotonique simple et double du strontium par des impulsions picosecondes de 1011 à quelque 1012 W cm-2 initial un état excité de l'ion. Abstract. 2014 Multiphoton single and double ionization of strontium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICT nella Smart City Prof. R. Laurini Maggio 2014 SK1_SEM - Smart City Manager per Ricercatori nella Smart City Docente: Prof. R. Laurini Professore emerito all'INSA di Lione Fellow del Knowledge preferenze dei clienti orientano le vendite promozionali ICT nella Smart City ∑ 1 ≠ Generalitŗ sulle Smart

Laurini, Robert

199

A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Review of Embedded Automotive Protocols Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 April 14, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This pa- per rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

Navet, Nicolas

200

Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trends in Automotive Communication Systems Nicolas Navet 1 , Françoise Simonot-Lion 2 May 29, 2008 of a large number of automotive networks such as LIN, J1850, CAN, FlexRay, MOST, etc.. This chap- ter rst is given. Next, the current eorts of the automotive industry on middleware technologies which may

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF A CALIFORNIA SEA LION, ZAWPHUS of entangled northern fur 'Scordino. J., and R. Fisher. 1983. Invelltigations on fur seal entanglement in net of plastic litter on beaches of several Alaskan islands. Using the number of net fragments found on shore

202

Eos, Vol. 87, No. 26, 27 June 2006 The production of heat by radioactive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and used to identify neu- trino interactions by reconstructing their energy and position. The challenge come from nuclear beta decay in the Earth, but they also can be produced by similar processes in the Sun and nuclear reactors. The Earth is glowing with neutrinos. Mil- lions of these uncharged

Stein, Seth

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - angularly adaptive p1 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

12;0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 0 100 200 300... 400 500 600 700 800 Frame nr. ... Source: Frey, Pascal - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Universit Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris 6...

204

IN THIS ISSUE: NOV. 17-21 1. CCE Employer News -Learn more about opportunities with Raytheon, and suggest an employer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IN THIS ISSUE: NOV. 17-21 1. CCE Employer News - Learn more about opportunities with Raytheon with Raytheon. A leader in the aerospace and defense industry, Raytheon will be on-campus on Dec. 5 to meet Engineer (Full Time) ­ LionSHARE Job ID: 160299 You can also learn more about Raytheon by stopping

Shepard, Kenneth

205

Advances in Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Antony Jameson1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Advances in Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Antony Jameson1 Stanford University, Stanford, CA to aerodynamic design. This shift has been mainly motivated by the availability of high performance comput- ing by J.L. Lions [1]. The method was first used for aerodynamic design by Jameson in 1988 [2, 3]. Since

Jameson, Antony

206

The Media and Reserve Library, located on the lower level west wing, has over 13,000 videotapes, DVDs and audiobooks covering a multitude of subjects. Below is a listing of titles currently available on the topic of Theater. For more information on these  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Menagerie VHS-2396 Go Tell it on the Mountain DVD-6113 Golden Age of Television DVD-5017 Greek Drama: From of Reilly DVD-6769 Lift Every Voice 1900-1924 VHS-3438 Lillian Russell DVD-2129 Page 2 6/17/2014 #12;Lion

Saldin, Dilano

207

Finding Jung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frank N. McMillan Jr., a country boy steeped in the traditional culture of rural Texas, was summoned to a life-long quest for meaning by a dream lion he met in the night. On his journey, he followed the lead of the founder of analytical psychology...

McMillan, Frank N.

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

208

1 The Chimera Method for a model problem Franco Brezzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Chimera Method for a model problem Franco Brezzi , Jacques Louis Lions ¬° , and Olivier¬• Universit¬īe Pierre et Marie Curie pironneau@ann.jussieu.fr 1.1 Introduction The Chimera method [10 around a two-pieces airfoil, namely the solution of ¬Ę¬°¬§¬£¬¶¬• with Dirichlet data by the Chimera method (i

Brezzi, Franco

209

Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 Epigenomics: A Roadmap, But to Where? RECENTLY, THE DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL Institutes of Health (NIH) allocated $190 mil- lion for an "Epigenomics" Roadmap initiative (1 to equate the value of this Roadmap initiative with the Human Genome Project, it fails on several grounds

210

FYI: January 3, 1980 - June 30, 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ary ,,,ill J.::e loc;J t ecl . LSCfP - Hj IlU LE,s of the ~1dd . Cons t ruction \\{ jll Lukc' "tout: six mo nth s . TI: :is hope d t:hat there \\Jil l Le a d(]C!icd lion (jf t he f...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Architectural Elements and Sculptures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study presents the architecture and sculpture from the late Roman (2nd-3rd century CE) synagogue at Nabratein in the Upper Galilee region of Israel. Of particular interest is the pediment for a Torah shrine decorated with two rampant lions....

Younger, John G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

BIBLIOGRAPHY 0 P Autho r Ind -19  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Branch of Reports Bureau of Commercial Fis h er i es U .S . Fis h and Wildlife Service Seattle for the guidance of fis hery products ins pectors and is not fo r public dislribu- lion.) United States stan dards for grades of frozen ra w breaded fis h p o rtions. (March ), (Fir st iss ue ) 7 p . Gauglitz, E rich J. , Jr

213

ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate to predict metabolism 2010 √? Springer-Verlag 2010 Abstract The ability to use heart rate (fh) to predict oxygen consumption, and environmental states. Keywords Steller sea lion √Ā Heart rate √Ā Oxygen consumption √Ā Heat increment of feeding √Ā

214

ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Environment and feeding change the ability of heart rate to predict metabolism 2010 / Published online: 12 August 2010 √? Springer-Verlag 2010 Abstract The ability to use heart rate of physiological, behavioral, and environmental states. Keywords Steller sea lion √Ā Heart rate √Ā Oxygen consumption

215

In 1972, Congress enacted the MMPA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Wildlife Service are the lead federal agencies for enforcing this law to protect marine mammals. The MMPA into the air. This will help prevent marine debris and keep the ocean clean and healthy. · Tell your families protects all whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, porpoises, manatees, polar bears, otters, and walruses

216

PUBLISHING What sorts of science books are selling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

charts history of anaesthesia p.298 CAREERS E. O. Wilson's pragmatic, passionate advice to young .Stolenwoodisestimated to depress world timber prices by up to 16%. As well as curbing these losses, imple- menting REDD 91 mil- lion hectares of tropical forest to oil palm plantations reduces the land's value from a REDD

Jones, Peter JS

217

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

also looked into the ongoing takings permitting process that the states of Idaho, Oregon and Washington-listed salmon, eligible entities (i.e., states and tribes) may apply for a permit for the lethal taking of sea lions in the Columbia River and its tributaries. · The Secretary must approve or deny the permit

218

tarcan Macus cl al., ctls., Logic. Mcthorfttkrgy nnd I'hihrsoplry of Scicncc Vll @ Elsevier Sciencc Publislers lJ.V. (198) l4-158  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- lions. For cxarnplc onc slutJics for com¬°rulalions o¬°t a Inalhc¬°t¬°alical compuler model thc conrputalion schemes for some strongly NP-complete problems that arise e.g. in robotics. In Seclion 4 we survey a proof

Maass, Wolfgang

219

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystem components, is a non-sustainable practice. Similarly, maintaining system char- acteristics within cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form Management Steller sea lions Experiment a b s t r a c t Learning about ecosystem processes and patterns

Mangel, Marc

220

Aquatic Mammals 2000, 26.1, 7682 Effect of ration size and meal frequency on assimilation and digestive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and digestive efficiency in yearling Steller sea lions, Eumetopiasjubatus David A. S. Rosen, Laura Williams., Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 124, Canada Abstract Assimilation and digestive efficiencies were measured% of body mass) at three frequencies (2, 3, or 4 times daily). Assimilation efficiency (dry matter digestive

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

As Turkey hosts the northernmost part of the `Fertile Crescent', where  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hydroelectric power plants (HEPPs) and the dams that they require. In 2007, the state hydraulic works, which's running waters will be dammed at some point, with a total of 4,000 facilities (including power plants with cheetahs and even lions, although the latter two became extinct in the 19th century. Developing threats

Tipple, Brett

222

Prototyping Tangible Input Devices with Digital Fabrication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have previously investigated the benefits of tangibility in How Bodies Matter. 3D printing holds users of 3D printing can currently create such objects. For example, we surveyed the the online in this last sector are typically experts in PCB design and design for 3D printing. "Iconic Lion at the Steps

Hartmann, Björn

223

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 70757089, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/7075/2014/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), the Johannesburg­Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (> 10 mil- lion people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and py- rometallurgical industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anticyclonic recirculation of air mass over the in- terior of South

Pierce, Jeffrey

224

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director cai@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

225

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust http://cybersecurity.ist.psu.edu Dr. Peng Liu, Director pliu@ist.psu.edu Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust 16802-6822 The Center for Cyber-Security, Information Privacy, and Trust, aka Lions Center

Giles, C. Lee

226

Columbia University Opportunities to Gain Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Columbia University Opportunities to Gain Experience There are myriad ways to build experience Sciences at Columbia University offers on-campus research opportunities for the summer term Dec. 13 - March careereducation.columbia.edu Join LionSHARE ­ CCE's internship/job board Double Discovery Center Volunteer

Shepard, Kenneth

227

A simplified model of thin layer static/flowing dynamics for granular materials with yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/deposition processes when a layer of particles is flowing over a static layer or near the destabilization and arrestA simplified model of thin layer static/flowing dynamics for granular materials with yield, 75005 Paris, France, 4 ANGE team, INRIA, CETMEF, Lab. J.-L. Lions, Paris, France Abstract We introduce

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

228

BODEGA MARINE LABORATORY AND RESERVE Procedures & Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the Reserve Staff to walk on the Reserve (this includes the sand dunes near the housing facilities. Abandoned seal and sea lion pups should be left alone. Mothers of these pups are probably out hunting and will return in several hours. Report abandoned pups and injured mammals to the Reserve Staff or Main Office

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

229

Bronx Zoo Fuel Cell Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 200 kW Fuel Cell has been installed in the Lion House, Bronx Zoo, NY. The Fuel Cell is a 200 kW phosphoric acid type manufactured by United Technologies Corporation (UTC) and will provide thermal energy at 725,000 Btu/hr.

Hoang Pham

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

230

Costs and Returns of Irrigated Peanut Production, West Cross Timbers, 1953-57.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.37 2.19 .60 5 3.55 .08 3.746 7.37 46.67 2.82 0. Average all farms 2.38 0.07 2.64 5.09 32.98 2.04 .4 1 'Per acre-inch of water applied with energy at 1.5 cents per kilowatt-hour. 'Includes both overhead and operating cost. "ased on a rate of 75... equipment for irrigation with wells of low capacity. The small heads of water (25 to 120 g.p.m.) combined with the types of equipment needed result in an irri- gation development cost that ranges from $146 to $301 per acre irrigated on individual farms...

Magee, A. C.; Hughes, Wm. F.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Building opportunities for photovoltaics in the U.S. Final report [PV BONUS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the North Carolina's PV Bonus Team was to develop and demonstrate a commercially viable, building-integrated, photovoltaic system that, in addition to providing electricity, would capture and effectively utilize the thermal energy produced by the photovoltaic array. This project objective was successfully achieved by designing, testing, constructing, and monitoring two roof integrated photovoltaic systems--one on a Applebee's Restaurant in Salisbury, North Carolina and the second on a Central Carolina Bank in Bessemer City, North Carolina. The goal of Innovative Design is to now use these successful demonstrations to facilitate entry of building integrated, pv/thermal systems into the marketplace. The strategy was to develop the two systems that could be utilized in future applications. Both systems were designed and then constructed at the North Carolina Solar Center at North Carolina State University. After extensive testing at the North Carolina Solar Center, the systems were moved to the actual construction sites and implemented. The Applebee's Restaurant system was designed to substitute for the roof assembly of a low sloping, south-facing sunspace roof that typically incorporated clay tile. After monitoring the installed system for one year it was determined that the 1.2 kilowatt (peak) system produces an average peak reduction of 1 kilowatt (rated peak is 1.7 kiloWatts), saves 1,529 kilowatt-hours of electricity, and offsets 11,776 kilowatt-hours of thermal energy savings used to pre-heat water. A DC fan connected directly to eight of the thirty-two amorphous modules moves air through air passages mounted on the backside of the modules and into a closed loop duct system to a heat exchanger. This heat exchanger is, in turn, connected to a pre-heat hot water tank that is used to heat the water for the restaurant. The Central Carolina Bank system was designed to substitute for the roof assembly of the drive-in window area of the bank. The design featured a triangulated truss that incorporated ten crystalline photovoltaic modules on one side of the truss and a reflective panel on the opposite side. The system used a utility interactive, programmable inverter and a 18.9 kilowatt-hour battery bank. The system is designed so that a DC fan, connected to one of the modules, forces ambient air across the back side of the modules. In the summer this heat is vented to the outside but in the winter this heated, fresh air is introduced into the building as ventilation air. Like the Applebee's system, the design allowed the entire roof assembly to be constructed off-site, tested, and then shipped to the site in pie-assembled, large components. During the first full year of operation, the 2.2 kilowatt (rated peak is 2.7 kilowatts) system contributed to an average peak reduction of .9 kilowatts. The system, as designed, saves 2,576 kilowatt-hours of electricity and offsets 3,473 kilowatt hours (of a potential thermal benefit of 10,172 collected kWhs) of thermal energy savings that is used as fresh air make-up in the colder months. This report is a summary of their conclusions.

Michael Nicklas

1999-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

232

Electric power monthly, May 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Statistics by company and plant are published on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Tax Credits and Renewable Generation (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Tax incentives have been an important factor in the growth of renewable generation over the past decade, and they could continue to be important in the future. The Energy Tax Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-618) established ITCs for wind, and EPACT92 established the Renewable Electricity Production Credit (more commonly called the PTC) as an incentive to promote certain kinds of renewable generation beyond wind on the basis of production levels. Specifically, the PTC provided an inflation-adjusted tax credit of 1.5 cents per kilowatthour for generation sold from qualifying facilities during the first 10 years of operation. The credit was available initially to wind plants and facilities that used closed-loop biomass fuels and were placed in service after passage of the Act and before June 1999.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Electric power monthly with data for October 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Electric power monthly, May 1995 with data for February 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisiommakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuel, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

236

Electric power monthly, April 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the U.S., Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. This April 1994 issue contains 1993 year-end data and data through January 1994.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Electric power monthly, May 1998, with data for February 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. The EPM provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 30 refs., 58 tabs.

NONE

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Electric power monthly, August 1998, with data for May 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 9 refs., 57 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Electric power monthly, June 1995 with data for March 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 68 tabs.

NONE

1995-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

240

Electric power monthly, June 1998, with data for March 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and Us levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 5 refs., 57 tabs.

NONE

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electric power monthly with data for January 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electric power monthly with data for October 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics are published on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. A monthly utility update and summary of industry developments are also included. 63 tabs., 1 fig.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Electric power monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

244

Electric power monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be sued in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Electric power monthly, September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electric trade in the United States 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Electric Power Monthly, September 1995: With data for June 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electric power monthly with data for December 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and U.S. levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Electric power monthly, December 1997 with data for September 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Electric power monthly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares the Electric Power Monthly (EPM) for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. This publication provides monthly statistics for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source, consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Electric power monthly with data for August 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 1 fig., 63 tabs.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Electric power monthly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Additionally, statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, new generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Electric power annual 1994. Volume 2, Operational and financial data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This year, the annual is published in two volumes. Volume I focused on US electric utilities and contained final 1994 data on net generation, fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost. This Volume II presents annual 1994 summary statistics for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are preliminary data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on form EIA-861) and for electric utility financial statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, and demand- side management. Final 1994 data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity and gross generation, as well as supply and disposition information, are also provided in Volume II. Technical notes and a glossary are included.

NONE

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

254

Summary Report for Concentrating Solar Power Thermal Storage Workshop: New Concepts and Materials for Thermal Energy Storage and Heat-Transfer Fluids, May 20, 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes a workshop on thermal energy storage for concentrating solar power (CSP) that was held in Golden, Colorado, on May 20, 2011. The event was hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. The objective was to engage the university and laboratory research communities to identify and define research directions for developing new high-temperature materials and systems that advance thermal energy storage for CSP technologies. This workshop was motivated, in part, by the DOE SunShot Initiative, which sets a very aggressive cost goal for CSP technologies -- a levelized cost of energy of 6 cents per kilowatt-hour by 2020 with no incentives or credits.

Glatzmaier, G.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Electric power annual 1997. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Annual 1997, Volume 2 contains annual summary statistics at national, regional, and state levels for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; power transactions; and demand-side management. Also included are data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity; gross generation; emissions; and supply and disposition of energy. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. 15 figs., 62 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electric power annual 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1 -- with a focus on US electric utilities -- contains final 1997 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1997 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on a monthly sample: Form EIA-826, ``Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions``). Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA.

NONE

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Electric power annual 1989. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication presents a summary of electric utility statistics at the national, regional and state levels. The Industry At A Glance'' section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance; a review of key statistics for the year; and projections for various aspects of the electric power industry through 2010. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; electricity sales, revenue and average revenue per kilowatthour sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; and electric power transactions. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. 24 figs., 57 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

EPA Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action 5.5 Fostering Green Power Markets Policy Description and Objective Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green power is a relatively small but growing market that provides electricity customers the opportunity to make environmental choices about their electricity consumption. Programs in more than 40 states currently serve approximately 540,000 customers, representing nearly 4 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually. Green power is offered in both vertically integrated and competitive retail markets. Green power programs have existed for approximately 10 years and have contributed to the development of over 2,200 megawatts (MW) of new renewable capacity over that time. A recent study estimates that this could reach 8,000 MW by 2015 (Wiser et al. 2001). Because participation in green power programs is voluntary, the role for states may be more limited

unknown authors

259

Electric power monthly, July 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. The EPM is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels. Data on quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels lag data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the US, Census division, and State level tables. However, for purposes of comparison, plant-level data are presented for the earlier month.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

"Aegean Seals of the Late Bronze Age: Masters and Workshops, II. The First Generation Minoan Masters"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the popular Groups.2 The serpentine seals found armost excrusively in LM r 6..irr, .o.r,.** comprise the more naturalistic Cretan popular Gro.rf O....fr*, ,fr. Cp Group); the steatite seals.found m.osrry o.r th. M#il";,;.-.iio,r"tty in the Islands, and rarely...*p"r. the lions on IX 114 and,7D,.lor. ,o the J-L Masrer. Lions, Bulls, Stags, Boars: The Master. ].31j 11:al_{:_.1 Jap!9io and 272 (5, 6) from Rutsi (both LH ilA). Aegean seals: masters and workshops l2l animals (note the waterbirds' legs on I273). The careful...

Younger, John G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Better Bearing Housing Seals Prevent Costly Machinery Failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

similar in principle to attraction-type Figure 8: Repulsion-type Magnetic Seal Cartridge in Shipping position (L) and operating posiLion (K). Source: Inpro Companies. Inc., Rock Island, IL magnetic face seals, the design shown in Figure 8 utilizes..., Inc., Rock Island, IL Magnetic seals are not a new invention. For years they have served with distinction in aerospace applications. More recently, they have been quite successfully introduced to centrifugal pumps by process plant maintenance...

Bloch, H. P.

262

Deltaic and coastal interdeltaic environments of the Carrizo Formation (Eocene), Milam County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ACE !0!ILEDGEI'IF!' . TS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ v TIST OI' FIGURES ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ e Ji? TP?ODU!TIO!1 e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Ceneral:!tate:, !ent Lo ca, t 'i oil ~ e e ~ ~ o ~ ~ Cl... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e Faleocurrent directions in the distributary clrannel onvironmcnta ~ . ~ ~ ~ . ~, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Cross secLion along strike, corrected for dip and faultse;. lrordng tile lateral and verti- cal relationships of the important cnviron- Sa...

Boenig, Charles Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

File: Connecting to PittNet with Mac OS X 10.7 & 10.8 Page 1 of 1 Oct. 2012 Technology Help Desk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

File: Connecting to PittNet with Mac OS X 10.7 & 10.8 Page 1 of 1 Oct. 2012 Technology Help Desk 412-624-HELP [4357] http://technology.pitt.edu Manually Configuring Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) & Mac OS X 10 the steps in the help sheet titled Installing the InCommon and UserTrust Certificates (Mac). Connecting

Sibille, Etienne

264

On non-local variational problems with lack of compactness related to non-linear optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a simple proof of existence of solutions of the dispersion manage- ment and diffraction management equations for zero average dispersion, respectively diffraction. These solutions are found as maximizers of non-linear and non-local vari- ational problems which are invariant under a large non-compact group. Our proof of existence of maximizer is rather direct and avoids the use of Lions' concentration compactness argument or Ekeland's variational principle.

Dirk Hundertmark; Young-Ran Lee

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

265

Geology of the Grossville School area, Mason County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 53 Rilel Form st 1014 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ + ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ Pefinition and Thickness. 53 53 Hickory . '-'ands tone Bomber, Cak Mount in Limestone Sember Lion . ". ount in iandstons Member. ~ ~ 59 411bern i... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 110 ILLS, " '-" R. . T I&. HS Figure I. loosticn iiap of rossvtDe School Area, aeon C! unty, Geologic lu!p of the Grossville Sciucl Area, Fason County& exes ~ ~ & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ pooket St rue. urc 'actions ~ III ~ Surf'sce: m, ; resrion...

Fuller, Robert Louis

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Do Males Always Like War? A Critique on Francis Fukuyama and His Hyper Masculine Assertions on Feminization of World Politics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dhakal 4. The Rajbanshis of Rajgadh Community Adaptation in the Enviroment of Eastern Terai Hari P. Bhattarai Occasional Papers Publica lions 297 5, Kurma, Kola, and Kuri as Community Concepts Patrilineage, Deities, and Inside-Outside Dichotomy among... from Amarpur VDC of Panchthar District Billod Pokharel 6. Environmental Pollution and Awareness in Pokhara Cily: A Sociological Perspective Biswo Kalyan Parajuli 7. An Anthropological Perspective on Shifting Cultivation: A Case Study of Khoriya...

Luintel, Youba Raj

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

15/09 2005 10:23 FAX +27317642494 TAPPSA 1i!I02 Francois Woltiillrdt"', Chris Rabie-' &. Mike Wingfield'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deolt with the biopulping 01 wood. In Ihis review, we e,omin. the progr"" in the lield of non-wood procm.. lor optimal results. The global increo'. in Ulilisotion of lion-wood fibre has 01'0 led:world pulp prOdll(;lionis from non-wool1 fibres [I], bllt non-wood fibre sonrces are becoming more importaot

268

Proceedings of the Pronghorn Symposium, 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by wolf predation) were allowed to expand in numbers and distribution. They are now the primary predator of pronghorns, followed by bobcats, eagles, and mountain lions. Unable to assume the long-distance-pursuit role of the wolf, coyotes have...............................................................................................................47 Pronghorn Numbers on Late and Mid Seral Chihuahuan Desert Rangelands F. Clemente, R. Valdez and J. Holechek..............................................................53 Restoration of the Duff Springs Riparian Area and the Associated...

Cearley, Kenneth A.

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

THE 3R ANTHRACITE CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY Economical Conversion of Browncoal to Anthracite Type Clean Coal by Low Temperature Carbonization Pre-Treatment Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pre ven tive pre-treat ment of low grade solid fu els is safer, faster, better, and less costly vs. the ďend-of-the-pipe Ē post treat ment so lu tions. The ď3R Ē (Re cy cle-Re duce-Re use) in te grated en vi ron-ment con trol tech nol ogy pro vides pre ven tive pre-treat ment of low grade solid fu els, such as brown coal and con tam i nated solid fu els to achieve high grade cleansed fu els with an thra cite and coke com-pa ra ble qual ity. The goal of the 3R tech nol ogy is to pro vide cost ef fi cient and en vi ron men tally sus-tain able so lu tions by pre ven tive pre-treat ment means for ex tended op er a tions of the solid fuel com-bus tion power plants with ca pac ity up to 300 MWe power ca pac i ties. The 3R An thra cite Clean Coal end prod uct and tech nol ogy may ad van ta geously be in te grated to the oxyfuel Ė oxy-fir ing, Fos ter Wheeler an thra cite arc-fired util ity type boiler and Heat Pipe Re former tech nol o gies in com bi na tion with CO2 cap ture and stor age pro grams. The 3R tech nol ogy is pat ented orig i nal so lu tion. Ad van tages. Feedstock flex i bil ity: ap pli ca tion of pre-treated multi fu els from wider fuel se lec tion and avail abil ity. Im proved burn ing ef fi ciency. Tech nol ogy flex i bil ity: ef fi cient and ad van ta geous inter-link to proven boiler tech nol o gies, such as oxyfuel and arc-fired boil ers. Near zero pol lut ants for haz ard ous-air-pol lut ants: pre ven tive sep a ra tion of halo gens and heavy met als into small vol ume streams prior uti li za tion of cleansed fu els. ?97 % or ganic sul phur re moval achieved by the 3R ther-

Edward Someus

270

The Agonizer Volume 1, No. 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were NSily dispa tched. Stealth was sacrificed for overwhelming force (by far Kluge's favorite tactic), The fll"5t portion of the plant to be destroyed was the communications cenler. Minutes laler, Kluge and his team broke into the main research lab...~gno ~ t the ~1 time. AmIv'VcIo!' K'ShoN is Invcsdptln& rompulM systems fot thr ~. ~ "" inlill .. 1JI'd t"'" fTt (""",,",lion T?hnIdJ.n. wgur) 10 inYE'Stigate me;t \\He of K1inSO" material. and .... made COt\\Sidenbko prosreu.ln Fcobruary, iIhe atlended a...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The theme of the harmful effects of science in the works of C. S. Lewis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature--his trilogy which includes Out of the Si 2ent P2anet, Peze2andra, and That Hide- ou" Str ength. In T' he Abo2i*ion of Man Lewis described the process of debunking of traditional values which he saw going on in educa- Lion, in sociology... two novels of the trilogy, &at of the Silent P2anet and Pere2andra. Chapter IV shows the working out of these ideas in That IIir2eous Strength. In Chap- ter V there is both a summary of Lewis's fears of science without values or restraints and a...

Crowell, Faye Ann

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The effect of construction variables on the dynamic modulus of asphalt treated base courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to specimen diameter. The actual coring of specimens was accomplished by the Tex"s 11igh;-ay Department utilizing a six-inch diameter, truck- mounted, water- cooled, coring machine, Saz!plcs were taI'en during January when the air tcz?perature ranged from... into each of the two baskets of. the cxLraction device and the device placed in operaLion. Extraction was stopped when both basioets produced a clear discharge, The average t ime for each extraction was 2 l/2 hours . After drying and cool ing...

Moeller, William Ernest

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

An improved shell of revolution element utilizing cubic displacement functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-curved sheli of revolu Lion element developed by Stricklin, et al. ' uses polynomial displac ment functions similar 11 to Eq. (I. l) in the m. ridional direction and a Fourier series in the cir "umferential direction. For axisyrmetric loadinc, this fi. Id..., and e are defined in Fig. 2-1. The rotations of the normal to the shell about the o- and s -axes are defined by e&3 and e23, respectively. Using th, strains described in Eq, (2 . 4), the strai n energy expression for orthotropi c shells may...

Mebane, Paul Mitchell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

274

Annual Report 2005-2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? Archive of the Rampant Lions Press ? Siegfried Sassoon papers ? Letter of Charles Darwin to the Reverend J.M. Rodwell, referring to Darwinís work on speciation and natural selection, 1860 ? Papers of Sir George Murray Humphry, Professor of Anatomy... distinctive obelisk ? A survey of an estate in Rendham belong:g to Will:m Woods gent: (1777); manuscript map on vellum, bound with accompanying table ĎNumber of the Timber, Timberlike, Spire Trees, & Pollards, in each field &c. belong:g to this Estate...

Cambridge University Library

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Main Canal, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District above Central Power and Light hydro-electric plant, at Maverick and Kinney Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BAIN CANAL NA~ICK COUNTY WATW CONTROL AND INPROllZXBZ DISTRICT ABOVE C~ POWER AND LION HYDRO ELECTRIC PLANT& AT, SIAVERICK AND KINNEY COUNT'S, T~~S By John J. Ledbetter, Jr. Approved as to style and content by: (Che man Committee Heed of pa... ment or Student Advisor May l952 MAIN CANAL RIA~ICK C01E1TY EATER CONTROL AND INPROVZGiWZ DISTRICT ABOVE G~ F01' AND LIGHT HYDRO-ELECTRIC PLANT, AT MAVERICK AND KINNEY GGKJZIES ~ TEXAS By John J. Ledbetter, Jr, A Thesis Submitted...

Ledbetter, John J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

On the burning of his library, and On medical travel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Ordering dry and inflammable faggots to be gathered, he caused those excellent men to be burned with their books. Alas, that there should be a mind so hostile to virtue, a spirit so mon strous. Surely the character of that savage lion was fully..., but that moderate one which signified that the guests had come. It was considered of such value among the Persians that Strabo, Geographia, bk. 15, remarks that they sacrificed to fire and water, placing dry wood, stripped of bark and rubbed with fat...

Bartholin, Thomas

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Geology of the central part of the James River Valley, Mason County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

portion of the member is ocmposed of green1sh- gray to yellowish-brown, glauoon1tic, medium- to ooarse grained, evenly bedded 11mestone. Small, isolated, thin, gray stromatolitic bioherms are occasionally found 1n the upper part of the Norgan Creek... RANCH H( USE. . . . ~ ~ 25 V ~ VI. VII. CGN ACT B: TWEEN THE LION MOUNI'AIN MFMBER AND THE WELCH MEMBFR. LOCATED IN A GULLY ABOJJT TWO MIL':S SOUTH GF HE ZIEGL r. RANCH HGtJSE ~ RIPPLE MARKS ON HE MORGAN CREEK LIMESTONE MEMBF. ;i Fvt...

Dannemiller, George David

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Geology of the Smoothingiron Mountain-North area, Llano and San Saba counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' was in progress' VRRCBZIQW JQ1 the plants in the area are ~~ as t4y must be able to resist ~ temperature changes and adopt to hii~~ reed soils? Vegetational growth on different outcrops oan often be seen ?n asxQQ. photogrephsy dus to the soils being affeote4...~ snd Smithwiek formations an4 designated the Valley Spring Qnsiss and Packsaddle Schist as forma- tions of tbs Llano Series. His Csp Mountain Formation include4 most of the present day Csp Mountain snd all of the present Lion Mountain Eiem bere...

Greenwood, Bobby Marcum

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Study of continuous tone interference in TCM systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a Iici tiii'bcd Ye!sion of v. The n&a?in&un& lil&elihoo&l decodei foi, i 9!3&I(, ' sclccfs v ?s IIi&7 code u'ord iYI!i& 1& misiniiaes th& log-Iil&elihoocl luncLion log P(i f v) iuhei'c. /, + 7? ? I P('I )= II P(. , Iv)= Il P(*I '*) 7=0 i=0..., South Gujarat University Chair of Advisory Comrrdttee: Dr. Jay Livingston In certain applications of digital communications, continuous tone interference is observed to deteriorate the system performance greatly. In this research trellis-coded...

Akkihal, Shivanand

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A bibliography of Texas poetry, 1945-1981: by Susan Charlotte Turner Adams.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. and leslie Nearer. Poets' Pil rimaae. Dallas: American Guild Press, 1956. Algarin, miguel 24. Or. Call Rouston: Arte Publico Press, 198 1 Allen Paula Gunn 25. The Elind Lion. Berkeley, CA: Thorp Springs Press, 1974 [74-10806 ] 26. Ccyote's Daylight Tri... for Lil' ian. Callas= Xaleidograph Prrss, 1997. 280. Fine Aeedles; Poems. "ov York Bxpo ition Press, 1950 I 50-11168 ~ Clark, Leslie Savage 281 Still There Is Peace. Claremont, CA: Creative Press, 19EC. [ 60-164 C5 ] Clark, Simeon English 782 Te...

Adams, Susan Charlotte Turner

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Solvent interactions with a triphenylated benzoxazole polymer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 4-Dimethyl-3-penta Dimethylsulfoxide n-Dodecane Ethanol 2-Ethoxyethanol 2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy) -e N-Ethylacetamide Ethyl Acetate Ethylbenzene Ethyl Carbonate Ethylcyclohexane none thanol 10. 6 13. 1 9. 9 9. 1 11. 2 15. 3 11. 1 12. 3 10. 8 9... Molar Gi. bbs Energv of Adsorption for Solvent. s DCE ? NI3z at 270 C 30 9. Additional Molar Gibbs Energy of AdsorpLion for Solvent NO C~ ? II 0 at. ?70'C 3 2 9. Solubility Plot for Tviphcnylated Pf)O at 270'C 35 10 Interaction of m ? Cresol Kith...

Eversdyk, David Allen

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electric motors: Markets, trends, and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric motors play an important role in nearly all sectors of the US economy. Typical motor applications range from air conditioning and appliances in the residential sector, to cooling and space heating in the commercial sector, to materials handling and processing in the industrial sectors. Motors in the residential sector consumed nearly 352 billion kilowatthours (BkWh) in 1985, in the commercial sector 279 BkWh, and the industrial sector 552 BkWh. Approximately 87% of electric motor electricity use in the industrial sector was consumed in manufacturing processes, while the process industries consumed more than half of the manufacturing sector's electric motor electricity use. The total motor population in all sectors in 1987 stood just shy of 1.02 billion, 90% of which are less than one horsepower (HP) in size. An increasing percentage of the motor population is comprised of high efficiency motors, as classified by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). High efficiency motors offer end-users greater energy and cost savings than do their standard efficiency counterparts. This report provides an overview of the history of the electric motor, a brief description of the electromechanical theory behind motor operations, and offers a statistical review of the size and distribution of the electric motor market. The report also presents data on sector motor electricity use, describes current and potential motor application opportunities, and details areas in which further research and development may be needed.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2011  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. In FY 2011, Southwestern delivered over 4.1 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, generating $167 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwesternís customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwesternís mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwesternís marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nationís energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

none,

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. In FY 2010, Southwestern delivered nearly 7.6 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Texas, and Oklahoma, generating $189 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwesternís customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwesternís mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwesternís marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nationís energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

none,

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Moniz: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012. In FY 2012, Southwestern delivered over 4.1 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, generating $195 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwesternís customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwesternís mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwesternís marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nationís energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

none,

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Assessing the Battery Cost at Which Plug-In Hybrid Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles Become Cost-Effective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) validated diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid medium-duty parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reductions and cost implications of hybrid and plug-in hybrid diesel variants. The hybrid and plug-in hybrid variants are run on a field data-derived design matrix to analyze the effect of drive cycle, distance, engine downsizing, battery replacements, and battery energy on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. For an array of diesel fuel costs, the battery cost per kilowatt-hour at which the hybridized configuration becomes cost-effective is calculated. This builds on a previous analysis that found the fuel savings from medium duty plug-in hybrids more than offset the vehicles' incremental price under future battery and fuel cost projections, but that they seldom did so under present day cost assumptions in the absence of purchase incentives. The results also highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle specific daily distance and kinetic intensity.

Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J. D.; Brooker, A. D.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The state of energy storage in electric utility systems and its effect on renewable energy resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the state of the art of electric energy storage technologies and discusses how adding intermittent renewable energy technologies (IRETs) to a utility network affects the benefits from storage dispatch. Load leveling was the mode of storage dispatch examined in the study. However, the report recommended that other modes be examined in the future for kilowatt and kilowatt-hour optimization of storage. The motivation to install storage with IRET generation can arise from two considerations: reliability and enhancement of the value of energy. Because adding storage increases cost, reliability-related storage is attractive only if the accruing benefits exceed the cost of storage installation. The study revealed that the operation of storage should not be guided by the output of the IRET but rather by system marginal costs. Consequently, in planning studies to quantify benefits, storage should not be considered as an entity belonging to the system and not as a component of IRETS. The study also indicted that because the infusion of IRET energy tends to reduce system marginal cost, the benefits from load leveling (value of energy) would be reduced. However, if a system has storage, particularly if the storage is underutilized, its dispatch can be reoriented to enhance the benefits of IRET integration.

Rau, N.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Bird Mortaility at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: March 1998--September 2001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past 15 years, research has shown that wind turbines in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (APWRA) kill many birds, including raptors, which are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and/or state and federal Endangered Species Acts. Early research in the APWRA on avian mortality mainly attempted to identify the extent of the problem. In 1998, however, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated research to address the causal relationships between wind turbines and bird mortality. NREL funded a project by BioResource Consultants to perform this research directed at identifying and addressing the causes of mortality of various bird species from wind turbines in the APWRA.With 580 megawatts (MW) of installed wind turbine generating capacity in the APWRA, wind turbines there provide up to 1 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of emissions-free electricity annually. By identifying and implementing new methods and technologies to reduce or resolve bird mortality in the APWRA, power producers may be able to increase wind turbine electricity production at the site and apply similar mortality-reduction methods at other sites around the state and country.

Smallwood, K. S.; Thelander, C. G.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

DOE/NREL Advanced Wind Turbine Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, high-efficiency wind turbines continues to be a high-priority activity of the US wind industry. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute), sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), has initiated the Advanced Wind Turbine Program to assist the wind industry in the development of a new class of advanced wind turbines. The initial phase of the program focused on developing conceptual designs for near-term and advanced turbines. The goal of the second phase of this program is to use the experience gained over the last decade of turbine design and operation combined with the latest existing design tools to develop a turbine that will produce energy at $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in a 5.8-m/s (13-mph) wind site. Three contracts have been awarded, and two more are under negotiation in the second phase. The third phase of the program will use new innovations and state-of-the-art wind turbine design technology to produce a turbine that will generate energy at $0.04/kWh in a 5.8-m/s wind site. Details of the third phase will be announced in early 1993.

Butterfield, C.P.; Smith, B.; Laxson, A.; Thresher, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.] [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

US Department of Energy`s high-temperature and high-pressure particulate cleanup for advanced coal-based power systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The availability of reliable, low-cost electricity is a cornerstone for the United States` ability to compete in the world market. The Department of Energy (DOE) projects the total consumption of electricity in the US to rise from 2.7 trillion kilowatt-hours in 1990 to 3.5 trillion in 2010. Although energy sources are diversifying, fossil fuel still produces 90 percent of the nation`s energy. Coal is our most abundant fossil fuel resource and the source of 56 percent of our electricity. It has been the fuel of choice because of its availability and low cost. A new generation of high-efficiency power systems has made it possible to continue the use of coal while still protecting the environment. Such power systems greatly reduce the pollutants associated with cola-fired plants built before the 1970s. To realize this high efficiency and superior environmental performance, advanced coal-based power systems will require gas stream cleanup under high-temperature and high-pressure (HTHP) process conditions. Presented in this paper are the HTHP particulate capture requirements for the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Combustion (PFBC) power systems, the HTHP particulate cleanup systems being implemented in the PFBC and IGCC Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Projects, and the currently available particulate capture performance results.

Dennis, R.A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Vintage-level energy and environmental performance of manufacturing establishments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the relationship between an industrial plant`s vintage and its energy and environmental performance. Basic questions related to defining vintage and measuring the effects of the manufacturing industry`s vintage distribution of plant-level capacity and energy intensity are explored in general for six energy-intensive sectors (paper, chlorine, nitrogenous fertilizer, aluminum, steel, and cement) at the four-digit standard industrial classification (SIC) level and in detail for two sectors (steel and cement). Results show that greenfield (i.e., newly opened) plants in the paper, steel, and cement industries exhibit low fossil fuel intensities. These results are consistent with expectations. New plants in the paper and steel industries, where processes are undergoing electrification, exhibit high electricity intensities. An analysis of a subsector of the steel industry -- minimills that use scrap-based, electric arc furnaces -- reveals a decline in electricity intensity of 6.2 kilowatt-hours per ton for each newer year of installed vintage. This estimate is consistent with those of engineering studies and raises confidence that analyses of vintage effects in other industries could be conducted. When a vintage measure is assigned on the basis of investment data rather than trade association data, the vintage/performance relationship results for the cement industry are reasonably robust; thus, the analysis of vintage and performance could be extended to sectors for which only US Bureau of the Census data are available.

Boyd, G.A.; Bock, M.J.; Neifer, M.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Karlson, S.H. [Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Economics; Ross, M.H. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Application of the SULF-X process to coal conversion and utilization. Phase II final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pittsburgh Environmental and Energy Systems, Inc. contracted with the Department of Energy to demonstrate the efficacy of an iron sulfide flue gas treatment system (FGT) for removing sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) and nitrogen oxides (NO/sub x/) and to correlate process variables to system performance. Laboratory and bench-scale testing was conducted with the SULF-X process, using both synthesized gas and actual flue gas from a coal-fired furnace. Laboratory tests resulted in 95% SO/sub 2/ removal and up to 95% NO/sub x/ removal. The bench-scale system demonstrated similar SO/sub 2/ removal efficiencies, but achieved only 39% NO/sub x/ removal due to relatively high oxygen concentrations in the flue gas and insufficient liquid-gas interfacial area within the absorber. Elemental sulfur was recovered during the regeneration steps. Total capital investment for the SULF-X system was estimated to be $91 to $103 per kilowatt (electric), compared to $90/kw for sodium solution scrubbing, $78 to $83/kw for magnesia slurry scrubbing and $74/kw for limestone slurry scrubbing. Annual operating costs for the SULF-X system were estimated to be 5.44 to 6.90 mills per kilowatt-hour, compared to 4.96 to 5.22 for sodium, 3.68 to 3.99 for magnesia and 3.73 to 4.25 for limestone. 6 references, 6 figures, 9 tables.

Shapiro, E.; Bramer, H.C.; New, R.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally designed refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several design options for improving the energy efficiency of conventionally-designed, domestic refrigerator freezers (RFs) were incorporated into two 1990 production RF cabinets and refrigeration systems. The baseline performance of the original units and unit components were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model which could simulate cycling behavior was used to evaluate the daily energy use impacts for each modification, and modeled versus experimental results are compared. The model was shown to track measured RF performance improvement sufficiently well that it was used with some confidence to investigate additional options that could not be experimentally investigated. Substantial improvements in RF efficiency were demonstrated with relatively minor changes in system components and refrigeration circuit design. However, each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. For RF sizes typically sold in the United States (18-22 ft{sup 3} [510--620 1]), alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration cycles may be required to achieve the program goal (1.00 Kilowatt-hour per day for a 560 l, top mount RF.

Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electric power monthly, October 1998, with data for July 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Electric power monthly: October 1996, with data for July 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. This report contains approximately 60 tables.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Electric power monthly: October 1995, with data for July 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1995-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

298

Electric power monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

Not Available

1993-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

299

Electric power monthly, June 1999, with data for March 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Electric power monthly, November 1998, with data for August 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 57 tabs.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electric trade in the United States, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Electric power monthly, January 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

Not Available

1994-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electric power monthly, February 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EMP) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.

Not Available

1994-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

304

Electric power monthly, April 1999 with data for January 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Electric power monthly, September 1998, with data for June 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy prepares the EPM. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Economizer Based Data Center Liquid Cooling with Advanced Metal Interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new chiller-less data center liquid cooling system utilizing the outside air environment has been shown to achieve up to 90% reduction in cooling energy compared to traditional chiller based data center cooling systems. The system removes heat from Volume servers inside a Sealed Rack and transports the heat using a liquid loop to an Outdoor Heat Exchanger which rejects the heat to the outdoor ambient environment. The servers in the rack are cooled using a hybrid cooling system by removing the majority of the heat generated by the processors and memory by direct thermal conduction using coldplates and the heat generated by the remaining components using forced air convection to an air- to- liquid heat exchanger inside the Sealed Rack. The anticipated benefits of such energy-centric configurations are significant energy savings at the data center level. When compared to a traditional 10 MW data center, which typically uses 25% of its total data center energy consumption for cooling this technology could potentially enable a cost savings of up to $800,000-$2,200,000/year (assuming electricity costs of 4 to 11 cents per kilowatt-hour) through the reduction in electrical energy usage.

Timothy Chainer

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Commercial equipment loads: End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Office of Energy Resources of the Bonneville Power Administration is generally responsible for the agency's power and conservation resource planning. As associated responsibility which supports a variety of office functions is the analysis of historical trends in and determinants of energy consumption. The Office of Energy Resources' End-Use Research Section operates a comprehensive data collection program to provide pertinent information to support demand-side planning, load forecasting, and demand-side program development and delivery. Part of this on-going program is known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), an effort designed to collect electricity usage data through direct monitoring of end-use loads in buildings. This program is conducted for Bonneville by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. This report provides detailed information on electricity consumption of miscellaneous equipment from the commercial portion of ELCAP. Miscellaneous equipment includes all commercial end-uses except heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and central lighting systems. Some examples of end-uses covered in this report are office equipment, computers, task lighting, refrigeration, and food preparation. Electricity consumption estimates, in kilowatt-hours per square food per year, are provided for each end-use by building type. The following types of buildings are covered: office, retail, restaurant, grocery, warehouse, school, university, and hotel/motel. 6 refs., 35 figs., 12 tabs.

Pratt, R.G.; Williamson, M.A.; Richman, E.E.; Miller, N.E.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Emissions of greenhouse gases from the use of transportation fuels and electricity. Volume 1, Main text  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents estimates of full fuel-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases from using transportation fuels and electricity. The data cover emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane, carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides, and nonmethane organic compounds resulting from the end use of fuels, compression or liquefaction of gaseous transportation fuels, fuel distribution, fuel production, feedstock transport, feedstock recovery, manufacture of motor vehicles, maintenance of transportation systems, manufacture of materials used in major energy facilities, and changes in land use that result from using biomass-derived fuels. The results for electricity use are in grams of CO{sub 2}-equivalent emissions per kilowatt-hour of electricity delivered to end users and cover generating plants powered by coal, oil, natural gas, methanol, biomass, and nuclear energy. The transportation analysis compares CO{sub 2}-equivalent emissions, in grams per mile, from base-case gasoline and diesel fuel cycles with emissions from these alternative- fuel cycles: methanol from coal, natural gas, or wood; compressed or liquefied natural gas; synthetic natural gas from wood; ethanol from corn or wood; liquefied petroleum gas from oil or natural gas; hydrogen from nuclear or solar power; electricity from coal, uranium, oil, natural gas, biomass, or solar energy, used in battery-powered electric vehicles; and hydrogen and methanol used in fuel-cell vehicles.

DeLuchi, M.A. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Electric power annual 1998. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report, Electric Power Annual 1998 Volume 1 (EPAVI), is to provide a comprehensive overview of the electric power industry during the most recent year for which data have been collected, with an emphasis on the major changes that occurred. In response to the changes of 1998, this report has been expanded in scope. It begins with a general review of the year and incorporates new data on nonutility capacity and generation, transmission information, futures prices from the Commodity futures Trading commission, and wholesale spot market prices from the pennsylvania-new Jersey-Maryland Independent System Operator and the California Power Exchange. Electric utility statistics at the Census division and State levels on generation, fuel consumption, stocks, delivered cost of fossil fuels, sales to ultimate customers, average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold, and revenues from those retail sales can be found in Appendix A. The EPAVI is intended for a wide audience, including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric power industry, and the general public.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electric power annual 1996. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1--with a focus on US electric utilities--contains final 1996 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1996 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA. Data published in the Electric Power Annual Volume 1 are compiled from three statistical forms filed monthly and two forms filed annually by electric utilities. These forms are described in detail in the Technical Notes. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Defining a Standard Metric for Electricity Savings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growing investment by governments and electric utilities in energy efficiency programs highlights the need for simple tools to help assess and explain the size of the potential resource. One technique that is commonly used in this effort is to characterize electricity savings in terms of avoided power plants, because it is easier for people to visualize a power plant than it is to understand an abstraction such as billions of kilowatt-hours. Unfortunately, there is no standardization around the characteristics of such power plants. In this letter we define parameters for a standard avoided power plant that have physical meaning and intuitive plausibility, for use in back-of-the-envelope calculations. For the prototypical plant this article settles on a 500 MW existing coal plant operating at a 70percent capacity factor with 7percent T&D losses. Displacing such a plant for one year would save 3 billion kW h per year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metric is the Rosenfeld, in keeping with the tradition among scientists of naming units in honor of the person most responsible for the discovery and widespread adoption of the underlying scientific principle in question--Dr. Arthur H. Rosenfeld.

Brown, Marilyn; Akbari, Hashem; Blumstein, Carl; Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard; Calwell, Chris; Carter, Sheryl; Cavanagh, Ralph; Chang, Audrey; Claridge, David; Craig, Paul; Diamond, Rick; Eto, Joseph H.; Fulkerson, William; Gadgil, Ashok; Geller, Howard; Goldemberg, Jose; Goldman, Chuck; Goldstein, David B.; Greenberg, Steve; Hafemeister, David; Harris, Jeff; Harvey, Hal; Heitz, Eric; Hirst, Eric; Hummel, Holmes; Kammen, Dan; Kelly, Henry; Laitner, Skip; Levine, Mark; Lovins, Amory; Masters, Gil; McMahon, James E.; Meier, Alan; Messenger, Michael; Millhone, John; Mills, Evan; Nadel, Steve; Nordman, Bruce; Price, Lynn; Romm, Joe; Ross, Marc; Rufo, Michael; Sathaye, Jayant; Schipper, Lee; Schneider, Stephen H; Sweeney, James L; Verdict, Malcolm; Vorsatz, Diana; Wang, Devra; Weinberg, Carl; Wilk, Richard; Wilson, John; Worrell, Ernst

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Assessing geothermal energy potential in upstate New York. Final report, Tasks 1, 3, and 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New York State`s geothermal energy potential was evaluated based on a new resource assessment performed by the State University of New York at Buffalo (SUNY-Buffalo) and currently commercial technologies, many of which have become available since New York`s potential was last evaluated. General background on geothermal energy and technologies was provided. A life-cycle cost analysis was performed to evaluate the economics of using geothermal energy to generate electricity in upstate New York. A conventional rankine cycle, binary power system was selected for the economic evaluation, based on SUNY-Buffalo`s resource assessment. Binary power systems are the most technologically suitable for upstate New York`s resources and have the added advantage of being environmentally attractive. Many of the potential environmental impacts associated with geothermal energy are not an issue in binary systems because the geothermal fluids are contained in a closed-loop and used solely to heat a working fluid that is then used to generate the electricity Three power plant sizes were selected based on geologic data supplied by SUNY-Buffalo. The hypothetical power plants were designed as 5 MW modular units and sized at 5 MW, 10 MW and 15 MW. The life-cycle cost analysis suggested that geothermal electricity in upstate New York, using currently commercial technology, will probably cost between 14 and 18 cents per kilowatt-hour.

Manger, K.C.

1996-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Efficient electric motor systems for industry. Report on roundtable discussions of market problems and ways to overcome them  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency of electric motor systems is one of the best energy-saving opportunities for the United States. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies estimates that by the year 2010 in the industrial sector, the opportunities for savings from improved efficiency in electric motor systems could be roughly as follows: 240 billion kilowatthours per year. $13 billion per year from US industry`s energy bill. Up to 50,000 megawatts in new powerplant capacity avoided. Up to 44 million metric tons of carbon-equivalent emissions mitigated per year, corresponding to 3 percent of present US emissions. Recognizing the benefits of this significant opportunity for energy savings, DOE has targeted improvements in the efficiency of electric motor systems as a key initiative in the effort to promote flexibility and efficiency in the way electricity is produced and used. Efficient electric motor systems will help the United States reach its national goals for energy savings and greenhouse gas emission reductions.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

``White Land``...new Russian closed-cycle nuclear technology for global deployment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Russian technology called ``White Land`` is being pursued which is based on their heavy-metal-cooled fast spectrum reactor technology developed to power their super-fast Alpha Class submarines. These reactors have important safety advantages over the more conventional sodium-cooled fast breeder reactors but preserve some of the attractive operational features of the fast spectrum systems. Perhaps chief among these advantages in the current political milieu is their ability to generate energy from any nuclide heavier than thorium including HEU, weapons plutonium, commercial plutonium, neptunium, americium, and curium. While there are several scenarios for deployment of these systems, the most attractive perhaps is containment in submarine-like enclosures to be placed underwater near a coastal population center. A Russian organization named the Alphabet Company would build the reactors and maintain title to them. The company would be paid on the basis of kilowatt-hours delivered. The reactors would not require refueling for 10--15 years and no maintenance violating the radiation containment would be required or would be carried out at the deployment site. The host country need not develop any nuclear technology or accept any nuclear waste. When the fuel load has been burned, the entire unit would be towed to Archangel, Russia for refueling. The fission product would be removed from the fuel by ``dry`` molten salt technology to minimize the waste stream and the fissile material would be returned to the reactor for further burning. The fission product waste would be stored at New Land Island, their current nuclear test site in the Arctic. If concerns over fission product justify it, the long-lived species will be transmuted in an accelerator-driven system. Apparently this project is backed at the highest levels of MINATOM and the Alphabet Company has the funding to proceed.

Bowman, C.D.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon. Phase I final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project involves the simultaneous production of clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon and sulfur, along with value-added carbon nanofibers. This can be accomplished because the nanofiber production process removes carbon via a catalyzed pyrolysis reaction, which also has the effect of removing 99.9% of the sulfur, which is trapped in the nanofibers. The reaction is mildly endothermic, meaning that net energy production with real reductions in greenhouse emissions are possible. In Phase I research, the feasibility of generating clean fossil fuel derivatives with reduced carbon was demonstrated by the successful design, construction and operation of a facility capable of utilizing coal as well as natural gas as an inlet feedstock. In the case of coal, for example, reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions can be as much as 70% (normalized according to kilowatts produced), with the majority of carbon safely sequestered in the form of carbon nanofibers or coke. Both of these products are value-added commodities, indicating that low-emission coal fuel can be done at a profit rather than a loss as is the case with most clean-up schemes. The main results of this project were as follows: (1) It was shown that the nanofiber production process produces hydrogen as a byproduct. (2) The hydrogen, or hydrogen-rich hydrocarbon mixture can be consumed with net release of enthalpy. (3) The greenhouse gas emissions from both coal and natural gas are significantly reduced. Because coal consumption also creates coke, the carbon emission can be reduced by 75% per kilowatt-hour of power produced.

Kennel, E.B.; Zondlo, J.W.; Cessna, T.J.

1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

316

Life-cycle analysis results of geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis has been conducted with Argonne National Laboratory's expanded Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model for geothermal power-generating technologies, including enhanced geothermal, hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. As a basis of comparison, a similar analysis has been conducted for other power-generating systems, including coal, natural gas combined cycle, nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic, and biomass by expanding the GREET model to include power plant construction for these latter systems with literature data. In this way, the GREET model has been expanded to include plant construction, as well as the usual fuel production and consumption stages of power plant life cycles. For the plant construction phase, on a per-megawatt (MW) output basis, conventional power plants in general are found to require less steel and concrete than renewable power systems. With the exception of the concrete requirements for gravity dam hydroelectric, enhanced geothermal and hydrothermal binary used more of these materials per MW than other renewable power-generation systems. Energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) ratios for the infrastructure and other life-cycle stages have also been developed in this study per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity output by taking into account both plant capacity and plant lifetime. Generally, energy burdens per energy output associated with plant infrastructure are higher for renewable systems than conventional ones. GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output for plant construction follow a similar trend. Although some of the renewable systems have GHG emissions during plant operation, they are much smaller than those emitted by fossil fuel thermoelectric systems. Binary geothermal systems have virtually insignificant GHG emissions compared to fossil systems. Taking into account plant construction and operation, the GREET model shows that fossil thermal plants have fossil energy use and GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output about one order of magnitude higher than renewable power systems, including geothermal power.

Sullivan, J. L.; Clark, C. E.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

317

Southeastern Power Administration 2008 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administrationís (Southeasternís) fiscal year (FY) 2008 Annual Report for your review. The information included in this document reflects our agencyís programs, accomplishments, operational and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2007 and ending September 30, 2008. Southeastern marketed more than 4.5 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 491 wholesale customers in ten southeastern states this past year. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled approximately $263 million. Drought conditions persisted in the southeastern region of the United States during FY 2008 placing strains on our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2008 totaled $91 million. Approximately $44 million of this amount was for replacement power which is paid only during adverse water conditions in order to meet our customersí contract requirements. With the continued financial assistance and support of our Federal power customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at U.S. Army Corps of Engineersí (Corps) hydroelectric projects provided much needed repairs and maintenance for these aging facilities. Southeasternís cyber and physical security programs continued to be reviewed and updated to meet Department of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security, and North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) standards and requirements. In the coming year, Southeastern will continue open communication and cooperation with DOE, the Federal power customers, and the Corps to maximize the benefits of our regionís water resources. Although competing uses of water and the prolonged drought conditions will present another challenging year for our agency, Southeasternís employees will meet these challenges and continue to provide reliable hydroelectric power to the people in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E.Legg Administrator

none,

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Southeastern Power Administration 2011 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administrationís (Southeastern) fiscal year (FY) 2011 Annual Report for your review. This report reflects our agencyís programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2010, and ending September 31, 2011. This past year, Southeastern marketed approximately 6.2 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 489 wholesale customers in 10 southeastern states. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled more than $264 million. With the financial assistance and support of Southeasternís customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at hydroelectric facilities operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) continued in FY 2011. This funding, which totaled more than $45 million, provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging projects in Southeasternís marketing area. Currently, there are more than 214 customers participating in the funding efforts in the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina, Kerr-Philpott, and Cumberland Systems of projects. Drought conditions continued in the southeastern region of the United States this past year, particularly in the Savannah River Basin. Lack of rain placed strains on our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2011 totaled approximately $38 million. About $9 million of this amount was for replacement power, which is purchased only during adverse water conditions in order to meet Southeasternís customer contract requirements. Southeasternís goal is to maximize the benefits of our regionís water resources. Competing uses of these resources will present another challenging year for Southeasternís employees. With the cooperation and communication among the Department of Energy (DOE), preference customers, and Corps, I am certain Southeastern is positioned to meet these challenges in the future. We are committed to providing reliable hydroelectric power to preference customers, which ultimately serve more than 12 million consumers in the southeast.

none,

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu, I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2008. In FY 2008, Southwestern delivered over 7.3 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers Ė nearly 31% more than average due to numerous record rainfall amounts in the southwest region. These record amounts produced revenues which exceeded the average annual revenue requirement by nearly $20 million and resulted in over $200 million in economic benefits to the region. Yet even as Southwestern exceeded its goals of marketing and delivering Federal hydroelectric power to our customers, we stayed focused on safety, security, and reliability. For example, we maintained our nearly 1,400 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites while achieving a Recordable Accident Frequency Rate of 0.0, a record that reflects Southwesternís safety achievement of no recordable injuries for every 200,000 hours worked. We kept our rights-of-way secure from vegetation and other obstacles, work that not only supports our mission but also promotes reliability of the regional and National grid. We exceeded all North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Control Performance Standards (CPS- 1 and CPS-2), and maintained regulation and reserve obligations and reactive reserve margins to ensure the reliability of the bulk electric system, even during extended periods of restricted hydro operations due to unusually high project inflows. Finally, we continued our partnerships with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, our customers, and other Federal power stakeholders, partnerships that are vital to our continued success in marketing and delivering carbon-free, renewable, and domestically produced energy to our customers and to the Nation. Sincerely, Jon Worthington Administrator

none,

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Southeastern Power Administration 2012 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Moniz: I am pleased to submit Southeastern Power Administrationís (Southeastern) fiscal year (FY) 2012 Annual Report for your review. This report reflects our agencyís programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2011, and ending September 30, 2012. This past year, Southeastern marketed approximately 5.4 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 487 wholesale customers in 10 southeastern states. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled about $263 million. With the financial assistance and support of Southeasternís customers, funding for capitalized equipment purchases and replacements at hydroelectric facilities operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) continued in FY 2012. Currently, there are more than 214 customers participating in funding infrastructure renewal efforts of powerplants feeding the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina, Kerr-Philpott, and Cumberland Systems. This funding, which totaled more than $71 million, provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging projects in Southeasternís marketing area. Drought conditions continued in the southeastern region of the United States this past year, particularly in the Savannah River Basin. Lack of rainfall strained our natural and financial resources. Power purchases for FY 2012 in the Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina System totaled approximately $29 million. About $8 million of this amount was for replacement power, which is purchased only during adverse water conditions in order to meet Southeasternís customer contract requirements. Southeasternís goal is to maximize the benefits of our regionís water resources. Competing uses of these resources will present another challenging year for Southeasternís employees. With the cooperation and communication among the Department of Energy (DOE), preference customers, and Corps, I am certain Southeastern is positioned to meet these challenges in the future. We are committed to providing reliable hydroelectric power to preference customers, which ultimately serve more than 12 million consumers in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E. Legg Administrator

none,

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Design of cascaded low cost solar cell with CuO substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For many years the main focus of R and D in solar cells was the development of high-efficiency solar convertors. However with solar technology beginning to be a part of national grids and stand-alone power supplies for variety of individual customers, the emphasis has changed, namely, the cost per kilowatt- hour (kW-hr) started to be an important figure of merit. Although Si does dominate the market of solar convertors, this material has total cost of kilowatt-hour much higher than what the power grid is providing presently to customers. It is well known that the cost of raw semiconductor material is a major factor in formulation of the final cost of a solar cell. That motivated us to search and design a novel solar cell using cheap materials. The new p-i-n solar cell consists of hetero-structure cascade of materials with step by step decreasing energy gap. Since the lattice constant of these three materials do differ not more than 2%, the more expensive epitaxial fabrication methods can be used as well. It should be emphasized that designed solar cell is not a cascade of three solar cells connected in series. Our market study shows that Si solar panel which costs $250Ė400 / m{sup 2} leads to a cost of $0.12Ė0.30 / kW-hr. To the contrary, CuO based solar cells with Cadmium compounds on top, would cost $100 / m{sup 2}. This will allow the novel solar cell to produce electricity at a cost of $0.06Ė0.08 / kW-hr.

Samson, Mil'shtein; Anup, Pillai; Shiv, Sharma; Garo, Yessayan [Advanced Electronic Technology Center, ECE Dept., University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA-01851 (United States)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

322

Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Nuclear Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of nuclear electricity generation technologies was performed to determine causes of and, where possible, reduce variability in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to clarify the state of knowledge and inform decision making. LCA literature indicates that life cycle GHG emissions from nuclear power are a fraction of traditional fossil sources, but the conditions and assumptions under which nuclear power are deployed can have a significant impact on the magnitude of life cycle GHG emissions relative to renewable technologies. Screening 274 references yielded 27 that reported 99 independent estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from light water reactors (LWRs). The published median, interquartile range (IQR), and range for the pool of LWR life cycle GHG emission estimates were 13, 23, and 220 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh), respectively. After harmonizing methods to use consistent gross system boundaries and values for several important system parameters, the same statistics were 12, 17, and 110 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh, respectively. Harmonization (especially of performance characteristics) clarifies the estimation of central tendency and variability. To explain the remaining variability, several additional, highly influential consequential factors were examined using other methods. These factors included the primary source energy mix, uranium ore grade, and the selected LCA method. For example, a scenario analysis of future global nuclear development examined the effects of a decreasing global uranium market-average ore grade on life cycle GHG emissions. Depending on conditions, median life cycle GHG emissions could be 9 to 110 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh by 2050.

Warner, E. S.; Heath, G. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

State electricity profiles, March 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the role electricity plays in the Nation`s economic and social well-being, interested parties have been following the electric power industry`s transition by keeping abreast of the restructuring and deregulation events that are taking place almost daily. Much of the attention centers around the States and how they are restructuring the business of electricity supply within their respective jurisdictions. This report is designed to profile each State and the District of Columbia regarding not only their current restructuring activities, but also their electricity generation and concomitant statistics from 1986 through 1996. Included are data on a number of subject areas including generating capability, generation, revenues, fuel use, capacity factor for nuclear plants, retail sales, and pollutant emissions. Although the Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes this type of information, there is a lack of a uniform overview for each individual State. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. In addition to basic statistics in tables and graphs, a textual section is provided for each State, discussing some of the points relative to electricity production that are noteworthy in, or unique to, that particular State. Also, each State is ranked according to the place it holds, as compared to the rest of the states, in various relevant areas, such as its average price of electricity per kilowatthour, its population, and its emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The final chapter covers the Nation as a whole. 451 figs., 520 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The changing structure of the electric power industry: Selected issues, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 3,000 electric utilities in the United States provide electricity to sustain the Nation`s economic growth and promote the well-being of its inhabitants. At the end of 1996, the net generating capability of the electric power industry stood at more than 776,000 megawatts. Sales to ultimate consumers in 1996 exceeded 3.1 trillion kilowatthours at a total cost of more than $210 billion. In addition, the industry added over 9 million new customers during the period from 1990 through 1996. The above statistics provide an indication of the size of the electric power industry. Propelled by events of the recent past, the industry is currently in the midst of changing from a vertically integrated and regulated monopoly to a functionally unbundled industry with a competitive market for power generation. Advances in power generation technology, perceived inefficiencies in the industry, large variations in regional electricity prices, and the trend to competitive markets in other regulated industries have all contributed to the transition. Industry changes brought on by this movement are ongoing, and the industry will remain in a transitional state for the next few years or more. During the transition, many issues are being examined, evaluated, and debated. This report focuses on three of them: how wholesale and retail prices have changed since 1990; the power and ability of independent system operators (ISOs) to provide transmission services on a nondiscriminatory basis; and how issues that affect consumer choice, including stranded costs and the determination of retail prices, may be handled either by the US Congress or by State legislatures.

NONE

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Southeastern Power Administration 2007 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dear Secretary Chu: I am proud to submit Southeastern Power Administrationís (Southeasternís) fiscal year (FY) 2007 Annual Report for your review. The information included in this report reflects Southeasternís programs, accomplishments, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2006 and ending September 30, 2007. Southeastern marketed more than 5 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to 492 wholesale Federal power customers in an 11-state marketing area in FY 2007. Revenues from the sale of this power totaled approximately $219 million. Drought conditions continued to plague the southeast region of the United States during 2007 placing strains on our natural and financial resources. Southeastern purchased more than $40 million in replacement power to meet customer contract requirements to ensure the continued reliability of our nationís power grid. With the financial assistance and support of our Federal power customers, continued funding for capitalized equipment replacements at various Corps of Engineersí (Corps) hydroelectric projects provided much needed repairs and maintenance for aging facilities. Southeasternís cyber and physical security program continued to be reviewed and updated to meet Department of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security, and North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and requirements. Plans for the upcoming year include communication and cooperation with DOE, Federal power customers, and the Corps to maximize the benefits of our nationís water resources. Competition for the use of water and the prolonged drought conditions will present another challenging year for our agency. The employees at Southeastern will be proactive in meeting these challenges and providing reliable hydroelectric power to the people in the southeast. Sincerely, Kenneth E. Legg Administrator

none,

2007-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

328

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Coal-Fired Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessments (LCAs) of utility-scale coal-fired electricity generation systems focuses on reducing variability and clarifying central tendencies in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening 270 references for quality LCA methods, transparency, and completeness yielded 53 that reported 164 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. These estimates for subcritical pulverized, integrated gasification combined cycle, fluidized bed, and supercritical pulverized coal combustion technologies vary from 675 to 1,689 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh) (interquartile range [IQR]= 890-1,130 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh; median = 1,001) leading to confusion over reasonable estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from coal-fired electricity generation. By adjusting published estimates to common gross system boundaries and consistent values for key operational input parameters (most importantly, combustion carbon dioxide emission factor [CEF]), the meta-analytical process called harmonization clarifies the existing literature in ways useful for decision makers and analysts by significantly reducing the variability of estimates ({approx}53% in IQR magnitude) while maintaining a nearly constant central tendency ({approx}2.2% in median). Life cycle GHG emissions of a specific power plant depend on many factors and can differ from the generic estimates generated by the harmonization approach, but the tightness of distribution of harmonized estimates across several key coal combustion technologies implies, for some purposes, first-order estimates of life cycle GHG emissions could be based on knowledge of the technology type, coal mine emissions, thermal efficiency, and CEF alone without requiring full LCAs. Areas where new research is necessary to ensure accuracy are also discussed.

Whitaker, M.; Heath, G. A.; O'Donoughue, P.; Vorum, M.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Gasification combined cycle: Carbon dioxide recovery, transport, and disposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the project is to develop engineering evaluations of technologies for the capture, use, and disposal of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). This project emphasizes CO{sub 2}-capture technologies combined with integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power systems. Complementary evaluations address CO{sub 2} transportation, CO{sub 2} use, and options for the long-term sequestering of unused CO{sub 2}. Commercially available CO{sub 2}-capture technology is providing a performance and economic baseline against which to compare innovative technologies. The intent is to provide the CO{sub 2} budget, or an {open_quotes}equivalent CO{sub 2}{close_quotes} budget, associated with each of the individual energy-cycle steps, in addition to process design capital and operating costs. The value used for the {open_quotes}equivalent CO{sub 2}{close_quotes} budget is 1 kg of CO{sub 2} per kilowatt-hour (electric). The base case is a 458-MW IGCC system that uses an air-blown Kellogg-Rust-Westinghouse agglomerating fluidized-bed gasifier, Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal feed, and in-bed sulfur removal. Mining, feed preparation, and conversion result in a net electric power production of 454 MW, with a CO{sub 2} release rate of 0.835 kg/kWhe. Two additional life-cycle energy balances for emerging technologies were considered: (1) high-temperature CO{sub 2} separation with calcium- or magnesium-based sorbents, and (2) ambient-temperature facilitated-transport polymer membranes for acid-gas removal.

Doctor, R.D.; Molburg, J.C.; Thimmapuram, P.R.; Berry, G.F.; Livengood, C.D.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The EPRI/DOE Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1992, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program (TVP). This paper provides an overview of the TVP, its purpose and goals, and the participating utility projects. Improved technology has significantly reduced the cost of energy from wind turbines since the early 1980s. In 1992, turbines were producing electricity for about $0.07--$0.09/kilowatt-hour (kWh) (at 7 m/s [16 mph sites]), compared with more than $0.30/kWh in 1980. Further technology improvements were expected to lower the cost of energy from wind turbines to $0.05/kWh. More than 17,000 wind turbines, totaling more than 1,500 MW capacity, were installed in the US, primarily in California and Hawaii. The better wind plants had availabilities above 95%, capacity factors exceeding 30%, and operation and maintenance costs of $0.01/kWh. However, despite improving technology, EPRI and DOE recognized that utility use of wind turbines was still largely limited to turbines installed in California and Hawaii during the 1980s. Wind resource assessments showed that other regions of the US, particularly the Midwest, had abundant wind resources. EPRI and DOE sought to provide a bridge from utility-grade turbine development programs under way to commercial purchases of the wind turbines. The TVP was developed to allow utilities to build and operate enough candidate turbines to gain statistically significant operating and maintenance data.

Calvert, S.; Goldman, P. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); DeMeo, E.; McGowin, C. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Smith, B.; Tromly, K. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Aquaculture in the Imperial Valley -- A geothermal success story  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Salton Sea and Imperial Valley area of southern California has long been recognized as a hot spot of geothermal development. In the geothermal industry, this area has for some time been synonymous with electric power generation projects. Starting with the first plant in East Mesa in 1979, geothermal power has increased over the years to the present 400+ MW of installed capacity in the three primary areas of Salton Sea, Heber and East Mesa. Although most in the industry are aware of the millions of kilowatt-hours annually produced in this desert oasis of development, they remain surprisingly uninformed about the Valley`s other geothermal industry -- aquaculture. At present, there are approximately 15 fish farming (or aquaculture) operations clustered, for the most part, around the Salton Sea. All of these farms use geothermal fluids to control the temperature of the fish culture facilities so as to produce larger fish in a shorter period of time and to permit winter production which would otherwise not be possible. In aggregate, these farms produce on the order of 10,000,000 lbs of fish per year most of which is sold into the California market. Principle species are catfish, striped bass and tilapia. For the past several years, tilapia has been the fastest growing part of the aquaculture industry. In 1996, the total US consumption of tilapia was 62,000 lbs. Of this, only 16,000,000 lbs (26%) was domestically produced and the balance imported. The primary market for the fish on the West Coast is among the Asian-American populations in the major cities. Fish are shipped and sold liver at the retail level.

Rafferty, K. [Geo-Heat Center, Klamath Falls, OR (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Utility-Scale Wind Power: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic review and harmonization of life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale wind power systems was performed to determine the causes of and, where possible, reduce variability in estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Screening of approximately 240 LCAs of onshore and offshore systems yielded 72 references meeting minimum thresholds for quality, transparency, and relevance. Of those, 49 references provided 126 estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. Published estimates ranged from 1.7 to 81 grams CO{sub 2}-equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh), with median and interquartile range (IQR) both at 12 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh. After adjusting the published estimates to use consistent gross system boundaries and values for several important system parameters, the total range was reduced by 47% to 3.0 to 45 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh and the IQR was reduced by 14% to 10 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh, while the median remained relatively constant (11 g CO{sub 2}-eq/kWh). Harmonization of capacity factor resulted in the largest reduction in variability in life cycle GHG emission estimates. This study concludes that the large number of previously published life cycle GHG emission estimates of wind power systems and their tight distribution suggest that new process-based LCAs of similar wind turbine technologies are unlikely to differ greatly. However, additional consequential LCAs would enhance the understanding of true life cycle GHG emissions of wind power (e.g., changes to other generators operations when wind electricity is added to the grid), although even those are unlikely to fundamentally change the comparison of wind to other electricity generation sources.

Dolan, S. L.; Heath, G. A.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Trough and Tower Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In reviewing life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) systems, this analysis focuses on reducing variability and clarifying the central tendency of published estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a meta-analytical process called harmonization. From 125 references reviewed, 10 produced 36 independent GHG emissions estimates passing screens for quality and relevance: 19 for parabolic trough (trough) technology and 17 for power tower (tower) technology. The interquartile range (IQR) of published estimates for troughs and towers were 83 and 20 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO2-eq/kWh),1 respectively; median estimates were 26 and 38 g CO2-eq/kWh for trough and tower, respectively. Two levels of harmonization were applied. Light harmonization reduced variability in published estimates by using consistent values for key parameters pertaining to plant design and performance. The IQR and median were reduced by 87% and 17%, respectively, for troughs. For towers, the IQR and median decreased by 33% and 38%, respectively. Next, five trough LCAs reporting detailed life cycle inventories were identified. The variability and central tendency of their estimates are reduced by 91% and 81%, respectively, after light harmonization. By harmonizing these five estimates to consistent values for global warming intensities of materials and expanding system boundaries to consistently include electricity and auxiliary natural gas combustion, variability is reduced by an additional 32% while central tendency increases by 8%. These harmonized values provide useful starting points for policy makers in evaluating life cycle GHG emissions from CSP projects without the requirement to conduct a full LCA for each new project.

Burkhardt, J. J.; Heath, G.; Cohen, E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Innovative production system goes in off Ivory Coast  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phased field development of the Lion and Panthere fields, offshore the Ivory Coast, includes a small floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) tanker with minimal processing capability as an early oil production system (EPS). For the long-term production scheme, the FPSO will be replaced by a converted jack up mobile offshore production system (MOPS) with full process equipment. The development also includes guyed-caisson well platforms, pipeline export for natural gas to fuel an onshore power plant, and a floating storage and offloading (FSO) tanker for oil export. Pipeline export for oil is a future possibility. This array of innovative strategies and techniques seldom has been brought together in a single project. The paper describes the development plan, early oil, jack up MOPS, and transport and installation.

Childers, M. [Oceaneering Production Systems, Houston, TX (United States); Barnes, J. [Paragon Engineering Services Inc., Houston, TX (United States)]|[UMC Petroleum Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

335

Exide eyeing technology for high-powered battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exide Corp. said recently it may soon produce a graphite battery with more than three times the power of today's most advanced production batteries--but with half their weight, far smaller size, and only a third the cost. The Reading-based Exide, the world's largest maker of lead-acid batteries, said it has preliminarily agreed to pay $20 million for a controlling interest in Lion Compact Energy, a privately held company that's researching dual-graphite battery technology said to be cleaner cheaper and more efficient. Exide hopes to turn the technology into the products; it said initial applications include smaller battery-operated devices such as cell phones, cameras, laptop computers, power tools and certain military equipment. Larger devices would follow, and could include wheel chairs, motorcycles, replacement for lead-acid batteries in cars and trucks and, potentially, all-electric vehicles.

NONE

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Refinement of freeway surveillance & control techniques by optical speed and occupancy detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$pv't 1", h 'so''jT 07 7'77TT&(Ar S, p~rv; 7 Saon E: COP'SOJ ' j'CSIPZQ 7 3Y OTTTCAL SPT. " 'D '7'~D OCCU ACT D. '2~CT '-'i& A Thesis KZU77PTS GEANT COOM. ~'"' Subm tted to the Grec', uate Co13eSo o. ' the Texas l&Q4 Ur. iver sty in parti?1... stion. ". , " HRD Record 11o. 15 t, p. 2 t-)'(, lo67. CRAPTER II FFASIBII Ilv Ai, ALYSIS This cha?ter will d. eal with the Zeasibili+y of using a simple opt. i- cal speed trap as a s?pplement to pot detecLion in the measurement of traf'fic flow...

Courage, K. G

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Regmi Research Series ,Year 1, November 1, 1969  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(:l' (,f only 3ppro:xim."\\toly l,J~OO miles from (the M,"\\ury."l) capit..,l, not ~nlJox..:d ? Nop.ll"l-l115 a l..mct of difriclllt lllOllrtt...1.in:; and oonoo fON:::tS. Tr~lI",port:ll..i.U tl ond the :;upp1y of provi:lions ror n ~1i1itar.r C11np... Iari, Hamo )roans mustard and this 1OO3I1i.nF: 1s appropriat~ :kt. U10 IXInt'JXt of oil-press-lOOm1oncd in the stctle-:inscription. . . . The stone-inscription of Alllshu Varma (It Harig'lUll ~nt.ion:; a m..'1il.-cl!rrier mmod Go<.::tu;:hhimj'ik Md...

Regmi, Mahesh C

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Comparison of the stress-strain relations of a real soil with those of a simulated soil under triaxial loading conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- ?? ] ? '1'lie esu1 La it d ei: ei t or ne" sins otic sn-?e as "lc u:?Lion R. l 7 L et L: i'i, ", G l + 1l ) 3( -ii) 1 1+1?) I l(i-? -) 7 1/2 ai d 1 3 I ? Jtt, (JJ+nn )12 ' '1' " '('. -) 2"('-( '- . . : ? )2' '-!1- ?. . ? ', ? )'/' -1 I ?2 t?mdN) i (. +Ql... s. 'r Li!1-i' 11'ni&! SL!race &sere con&i'Lr&1ctcd l. lun tl&ese cat*i . Tylxl ('U1 carves ax'e s!'&0'is? 1!! Fl. g!&&)" e ~(ra(&sign rs vexe nnsalied. ), ?&San)&re 1oads and. co&net)pundlng (le:oxPsat iur . ". . gi 0!ais f 0!s I l. P L...

Lynch, Frank Lane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Neumann-Type Boundary Conditions for Hamilton-Jacobi Equations in Smooth Domains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neumann or oblique derivative boundary conditions for viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations are considered. As developed by P.L. Lions, such boundary conditions are naturally associated with optimal control problems for which the state equations employ 'Skorokhod' or reflection dynamics to ensure that the state remains in a prescribed set, assumed here to have a smooth boundary. We develop connections between the standard formulation of viscosity boundary conditions and an alternative formulation using a naturally occurring discontinuous Hamiltonian which incorporates the reflection dynamics directly. (This avoids the dependence of such equivalence on existence and uniqueness results, which may not be available in some applications.) At points of differentiability, equivalent conditions for the boundary conditions are given in terms of the Hamiltonian and the geometry of the state trajectories using optimal controls.

Day, Martin V. [Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0123 (United States)], E-mail: day@math.vt.edu

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ďRenewable energyĒ isnít just a catchphrase at Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern). It describes the hydroelectric energy we market, and the energy that Southwesternís employees bring to work every day, constantly challenging themselves to become more eff ective and effi cient in providing aff ordable, environmentally clean power to the American people. As Southwesternís new Administrator, I have had the opportunity to view our operations from a fresh perspective, and Iím proud to share with you how a focus on continual improvement has been evident in accomplishments throughout the agency during fi scal year (FY) 2007. When the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) implemented new reliability standards, we met applicable implementation dates and exceeded NERCís control performance standards throughout the year. When tasked with reducing the agencyís carbon footprint, we found ways to achieve an 8.7% reduction in energy intensity from last year without impacting our operational capabilities. And when faced with record-breaking infl ows into the reservoir projects from which we market power, we capitalized on the opportunity to provide customers with signifi cant quantities of supplemental energy. Our supplemental sales this year not only saved customers over $122 million, but increased Southwesternís revenues -- a huge win-win for Southwesternís ratepayers and the Nationís taxpayers alike. Southwestern is proud of its role in protecting National and economic security by contributing to the diverse supply of domestically produced energy, operating and maintaining a safe and reliable transmission system, and ensuring good stewardship of our Nationís water resources and environment. In FY 2007, Southwestern continued to repay all power costs to the American taxpayers by marketing and delivering approximately 5.6 billion kilowatthours of hydropower at cost-based rates to customers in our six-state region. This energy was generated from the 24 Federal hydroelectric projects in our marketing region, producing annual revenues of $161 million. In this time of rising energy costs, the Nationís need for renewable energy has never been greater. Hydropower Ė and the people of Southwestern Ė stand ready to help meet that need.

none,

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bil lion kilowatthours" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Low-Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility (Book)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication detailing the design, implementation strategies, and continuous performance monitoring of NREL's Research Support Facility data center. Data centers are energy-intensive spaces that facilitate the transmission, receipt, processing, and storage of digital data. These spaces require redundancies in power and storage, as well as infrastructure, to cool computing equipment and manage the resulting waste heat (Tschudi, Xu, Sartor, and Stein, 2003). Data center spaces can consume more than 100 times the energy of standard office spaces (VanGeet 2011). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that data centers used 61 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2006, which was 1.5% of the total electricity consumption in the U.S. (U.S. EPA, 2007). Worldwide, data centers now consume more energy annually than Sweden (New York Times, 2009). Given their high energy consumption and conventional operation practices, there is a potential for huge energy savings in data centers. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is world renowned for its commitment to green building construction. In June 2010, the laboratory finished construction of a 220,000-square-foot (ft{sup 2}), LEED Platinum, Research Support Facility (RSF), which included a 1,900-ft{sup 2} data center. The RSF will expand to 360,000 ft{sup 2} with the opening of an additional wing December, 2011. The project's request for proposals (RFP) set a whole-building demand-side energy use requirement of a nominal 35 kBtu/ft{sup 2} per year. On-site renewable energy generation will offset the annual energy consumption. To support the RSF's energy goals, NREL's new data center was designed to minimize its energy footprint without compromising service quality. Several implementation challenges emerged during the design, construction, and first 11 months of operation of the RSF data center. This document highlights these challenges and describes in detail how NREL successfully overcame them. The IT settings and strategies outlined in this document have been used to significantly reduce data center energy requirements in the RSF; however, these can also be used in existing buildings and retrofits.

Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.; Donovan, K.; Powers, C.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Energy Storage/Conservation and Carbon Emissions Reduction Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) federal assistance for the management of a project to develop and test a prototype flywheel-≠?based energy recovery and storage system in partnership with Test Devices, Inc. (TDI). TDI specializes in the testing of jet engine and power generation turbines, which uses a great deal of electrical power for long periods of time. In fact, in 2007, the company consumed 3,498,500 kW-≠?hr of electricity in their operations, which is equivalent to the electricity of 328 households. For this project, CTE and TDI developed and tested a prototype flywheel-≠?based energy recovery and storage system. This technology is being developed at TDIís facilities to capture and reuse the energy necessary for the companyís core process. The new technology and equipment is expected to save approximately 80% of the energy used in the TDI process, reducing total annual consumption of power by approximately 60%, saving approximately two million kilowatt-≠?hours annually. Additionally, the energy recycling system will allow TDI and other end users to lower their peak power demand and reduce associated utility demand charges. The use of flywheels in this application is novel and requires significant development work from TDI. Flywheels combine low maintenance costs with very high cycle life with little to no degradation over time, resulting in lifetimes measured in decades. All of these features make flywheels a very attractive option compared to other forms of energy storage, including batteries. Development and deployment of this energy recycling technology will reduce energy consumption during jet engine and stationary turbine development. By reengineering the current inefficient testing process, TDI will reduce risk and time to market of efficiency upgrades of gas turbines across the entire spectrum of applications. Once in place the results from this program will also help other US industries to utilize energy recycling technology to lower domestic energy use and see higher net energy efficiency. The prototype system and results will be used to seek additional resources to carry out full deployment of a system. Ultimately, this innovative technology is expected to be transferable to other testing applications involving energy-≠?based cycling within the company as well as throughout the industry.

Bigelow, Erik

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From September 1, 2002, to November 30, 2006, the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) conducted over 120 industrial assessments across 19 different industry types in five different states. In the 1,000+ assessment recommendations written during the award, the UIC-IAC has written recommendations that, if implemented will save several millions of kilowatt-hours of electricity and several million British thermal units of natural gas annually. Additionally, the UIC-IAC has achieved an overall implementation rate in excess of 50%. During the overall span of the award period, the UIC-IAC has trained over 50 students, nearly 25% of which have remained in the energy field in some way after graduating from the IAC program. UIC-IAC students have received over $23,000 in scholarships in the last two years alone. During the course of the award, the UIC-IAC has made it a priority to incorporate ITP tools and technologies whenever possible. The ITP Best Practices tools have been used on several assessments and introduced to clients. DOE technologies are constantly compared against assessment clients to determine what technologies have reached the stage where they can effectively be introduced into industrial operations. The UIC-IAC has been involved in several projects for the Department of Energy (DOE), including energy assessments of Department of Defense bases and industrial facilities, the Plant Energy Profiler (PEP) tool assessment, and expanding the range of assessments to include large- energy users. Additionally, the UIC-IAC has forged a close relationship with the Midwest CHP Application Center, working to incorporate combined heat and power (CHP) and distributed generation (DG) technologies into industrial plants. The most recent project is the Save Energy Now (SEN) six- and 12-month follow-up surveys being conducted by UIC-IAC students. The SEN surveys are an effort for the DOE to determine the implementation rate of energy efficiency measures identified by Qualified System (QS) specialists throughout the nation. The UIC-IAC has also written several papers highlighting its work in the arena of energy efficiency. Currently, several UIC-IAC students have submitted a paper to the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE). This paper has been accepted by ACEEE and will be presented later in 2007.

Miller, Robert A.

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

344

Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program: Program Overview and Philadelphia Project Highlight (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Case Study with WIPP program overview, information regarding eligibility, and successes from Pennsylvania's Commission on Economic Opportunity (CEO) that demonstrate innovative approaches that maximize the benefit of the program. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) recently launched the Weatherization Innovation Pilot Program (WIPP) to accelerate innovations in whole-house weatherization and advance DOE's goal of increasing the energy efficiency and health and safety of homes of low-income families. Since 2010, WIPP has helped weatherization service providers as well as new and nontraditional partners leverage non-federal financial resources to supplement federal grants, saving taxpayer money. WIPP complements the Weatherization Assistance program (WAP), which operates nation-wide, in U.S. territories and in three Native American tribes. 16 grantees are implementing weatherization innovation projects using experimental approaches to find new and better ways to weatherize homes. They are using approaches such as: (1) Financial tools - by understanding a diverse range of financing mechanisms, grantees can maximize the impact of the federal grant dollars while providing high-quality work and benefits to eligible low-income clients; (2) Green and healthy homes - in addition to helping families reduce their energy costs, grantees can protect their health and safety. Two WIPP projects (Connecticut and Maryland) will augment standard weatherization services with a comprehensive green and healthy homes approach; (3) New technologies and techniques - following the model of continuous improvement in weatherization, WIPP grantees will continue to use new and better technologies and techniques to improve the quality of work; (4) Residential energy behavior change - Two grantees are rigorously testing home energy monitors (HEMs) that display energy used in kilowatt-hours, allowing residents to monitor and reduce their energy use, and another is examining best-practices for mobile home energy efficiency; (5) Workforce development and volunteers - with a goal of creating a self-sustaining weatherization model that does not require future federal investment, three grantees are adapting business models successful in other sectors of the home performance business to perform weatherization work. Youthbuild is training youth to perform home energy upgrades to eligible clients and Habitat for Humanity is developing a model for how to incorporate volunteer labor in home weatherization. These innovative approaches will improve key weatherization outcomes, such as: Increasing the total number of homes that are weatherized; Reducing the weatherization cost per home; Increasing the energy savings in each weatherized home; Increasing the number of weatherization jobs created and retained; and Reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Not Available

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Archaeofaunal insights on pinniped-human interactions in the northeastern Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human exploitation of pinnipeds has considerable antiquity but shows increasing impacts on population numbers in the Holocene. Pinnipeds are a rich source of fat as well as protein. A few well-documented cases of regional extirpation of seals and sea lions by non-industrial peoples exist. The northeastern Pacific region, from southern California to Alaska, has yielded archaeological evidence for distributions and abundances of eared seals that differs markedly from historically documented biogeography. This is especially true of the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus), among the most common pinnipeds in many archaeological sites from the Santa Barbara Channel area through to Kodiak Islands. This chapter reviews contemporary eared seal biogeography, evidence for the earlier timing and extent, of occurrence of northern fur seals along the northeastern Pacific coast, zooarchaeological and isotopic evidence for their foraging and probable maintenance of rookeries in lower latitudes, and for their disappearance from the southernmost part of their ancient distribution well before European contact. It also reviews ongoing debates over the behavioral ecology of ancient fur seals and over humans role in contributing to their disappearance.

Gifford-Gonzales, D; Newsome, S; Koch, P; Guilderson, T; Snodgrass, J; Burton, R

2004-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

Shallow waters: The ``other'' Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Minerals Management Service (MMS) reported 3.21 billion bbl of petroleum and 30.8 Tcf of natural gas remained at the end of 1997 as proved reserves on the shelf. That is a 14.6% increase in oil reserves and a 4.5% increase in gas reserves compared to the previous year's estimates. An additional 1.03 billion bbl of oil and 3.9 Tcf of gas are estimated to be unproved reserves in 51 unproved active fields, with 16 other unproved fields not yet studied. The small fields that remain on the continental shelf account for 22% of US oil production (800,000 b/d) and 27% of the country's natural gas production (13 Bcf). Of the nearly 8,200 active leases on the shelf, a mere 200 account for the lion's share of this oil and gas. But that doesn't mean there aren't any new fields left to find.

Perdue, J.M.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

HOOPER BAY HOUSING ANALYSIS AND ENERGY FEASIBILITY REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sea Lion applied for and received a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) towards this end titled ‚??Energy Efficiency Development and Deployment in Indian Country‚?Ě. The initial objectives of the Hooper Bay Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study were to demonstrate a 30% reduction in residential/commercial energy usage and identify the economic benefits of implementing energy efficiency measures to the Tribe through: (1) partnering with Whitney Construction and Solutions for Healthy Breathing in the training and hire of 2 local energy assessors to conduct energy audits of 9 representative housing models and 2 commercial units in the community. These homes are representative of 52 homes constructed across different eras. (2) partnering with Cold Climate Housing Research Center to document current electrical and heating energy consumption and analyze data for a final feasibility report (3) assessing the economics of electricity & heating fuel usage; (4) projecting energy savings or fossil fuel reduction by modeling of improvement scenarios and cost feasibility The following two objectives will be completed after the publication of this report: (5) the development of materials lists for energy efficiency improvements (6) identifying financing options for the follow-up energy efficiency implementation phase.

SEA LION CORPORATION; COLD CLIMATE HOUSING RESEARCH CENTER; SOLUTIONS FOR HEALTHY BREATHING; WHITNEY CONSTRUCTION

2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

348

Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

Milton, J.D. [CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States); Edwards, E.B. [ Ogle & Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States); Heck, R.G. [Ogle & Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

Milton, J.D. (CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States)); Edwards, E.B. ( Ogle Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States)); Heck, R.G. (Ogle Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Elk Valley Rancheria Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elk Valley Rancheria; Tribe; renewable energy; energy options analysis. The Elk Valley Rancheria, California ('Tribe') is a federally recognized Indian tribe located in Del Norte County, California, in the northwestern corner of California. The Tribe, its members and Tribal enterprises are challenged by increasing energy costs and undeveloped local energy resources. The Tribe currently lacks an energy program. The Tribal government lacked sufficient information to make informed decisions about potential renewable energy resources, energy alternatives and other energy management issues. To meet this challenge efficiently, the Tribe contracted with Frank Zaino and Associates, Inc. to help become more energy self-sufficient, by reducing their energy costs and promoting energy alternatives that stimulate economic development. Frank Zaino & Associates, Inc. provided a high level economic screening analysis based on anticipated electric and natural gas rates. This was in an effort to determine which alternative energy system will performed at a higher level so the Tribe could reduce their energy model by 30% from alternative fuel sources. The feasibility study will identify suitable energy alternatives and conservation methods that will benefit the Tribe and tribal community through important reductions in cost. The lessons learned from these conservation efforts will yield knowledge that will serve a wider goal of executing energy efficiency measures and practices in Tribal residences and business facilities. Pacific Power is the provider of electrical power to the four properties under review at $ 0.08 per Kilowatt-hour (KWH). This is a very low energy cost compared to alternative energy sources. The Tribe used baseline audits to assess current and historic energy usage at four Rancheria owned facilities. Past electric and gas billing statements were retained for review for the four buildings that will be audited. A comparative assessment of the various energy usages will determine the demand, forecast future need and identify the differences in energy costs, narrowing the focus of the work and defining its scope. The Tribe's peak demand periods will help determine the scope of need for alternative energy sources. The Tribe's Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis report included several system investigations which include fuel cells, wind turbines, solar panels, hydro electric, ground source heat pumps, bio mass, cogeneration & energy conservation and implementation for the existing properties. The energy analysis included site visits to collect and analyze historical energy usage and cost. The analysis also included the study of the building systems for the Elk Valley Casino, Elk Valley Rancheria administration complex, United Indian Health Service/Small Community Center complex and the Tribal Gaming Commission Offices. The analysis involved identifying modifications, performing an engineering economic analysis, preparation of a rank ordered list of modifications and preparation of a report to provide recommendations and actions for the Tribe to implement.

Ed Wait, Elk Valley Rancheria; Frank Ziano & Associates, Inc.

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

351

City of Phoenix - Energize Phoenix Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energize Phoenix (EPHX) was designed as an ambitious, large-scale, three-year pilot program to provide energy efficiency upgrades in buildings, along Phoenixís new Light Rail Corridor Ė part of a federal effort to reduce energy consumption and stimulate job growth, while simultaneously reducing the countryís carbon footprint and promoting a shift towards a green economy. The program was created through a 2010 competitive grant awarded to the City of Phoenix who managed the program in partnership with Arizona State University (ASU), the stateís largest university, and Arizona Public Service (APS), the stateís largest electricity provider. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 provided $25M in funding for the EPHX program. The Light Rail Corridor runs through the heart of downtown Phoenix, making most high-rise and smaller commercial buildings eligible to participate in the EPHX program, along with a diverse mix of single and multi-family residential buildings. To ensure maximum impact and deeper market penetration, Energize Phoenix was subdivided into three unique parts: i. commercial rebate program, ii. commercial financing program, and iii. residential program Each component was managed by the City of Phoenix in partnership with APS. Phoenix was fortunate to partner with APS, which already operated robust commercial and residential rebate programs within its service territory. Phoenix tapped into the existing utility contractor network, provided specific training to over 100 contracting firms, and leveraged the APS rebate program structure (energy efficiency funding) to launch the EPHX commercial and residential rebate programs. The commercial finance program was coordinated and managed through a contract with National Bank of Arizona, NBAZ, which also provided project capital leveraging EPHX finance funds. Working in unison, approved contractors jointly produced more than 161,000 labor hours in pursuit of EPHX goals over the life of the project. Labor hours were spread among electricians, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) technicians, marketing professionals, engineers, sales, and administrative support staff across the approved contractor workforce. Program participants received both the utility rebate along with the EPHX rebate, and depending on project size and utility rebate structure some projects resulted in low to no-cost upgrades for customers. Phoenix also partnered with ASU, a grant sub-recipient, to leverage the institutionís expertise in research and data analysis. In this partnership, ASU accepted marketing responsibilities for the grant and partnered with DRA Communications (DRA), a Phoenix-based marketing firm, to create and communicate the message out to the marketplace. The EPHX program has completed its energy upgrade activities. A review of the work completed by ASU revealed that the EPHX program substantially exceeded the programís stated goals by retrofitting/upgrading over 33 million sq ft of commercial space (30 million sq ft goal exceeded by 11%) and 2,014 residential units (1,700 unit goal exceeded by 18%) along the Light Rail Corridor. The program helped stimulate economic growth by adding $31million to the local economy and enhanced an already robust energy efficiency contractor network. This contractor network will continue to promote utility energy incentives to sustain energy efficiency upgrade activities in the future. Finally, EPHX helped reduce participants annual energy consumption by 135 million kilowatt-hour (kWh) translating into over $12.5 million of annual energy cost avoidance for the community. This also resulted in projected payback period of 4.5 years for total investment by all parties and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by over 95,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

Laloudakis, Dimitrios J.

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

352

Influence of a Weak Field of Pulsed DC Electricity on the Behavior and Incidence of Injury in Adult Steelhead and Pacific Lamprey, Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Predation by pinnipeds, such as California sea lions Zalophus californianus, Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina, and Stellar sea lions Eumetopias jubatus on adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp in the lower Columbia River has become a serious concern for fishery managers trying to conserve and restore runs of threatened and endangered fish. As a result, Smith-Root, Incorporated (SRI; Vancouver, Washington), manufacturers of electrofishing and closely-related equipment, proposed a project to evaluate the potential of an electrical barrier to deter marine mammals and reduce the amount of predation on adult salmonids (SRI 2007). The objectives of their work were to develop, deploy, and evaluate a passive, integrated sonar and electric barrier that would selectively inhibit the upstream movements of marine mammals and reduce predation, but would not injure pinnipeds or impact anadromous fish migrations. However, before such a device could be deployed in the field, concerns by regional fishery managers about the potential effects of such a device on the migratory behavior of Pacific salmon, steelhead O. mykiss, Pacific lampreys Entoshpenus tridentata, and white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus, needed to be addressed. In this report, we describe the results of laboratory research designed to evaluate the effects of prototype electric barriers on adult steelhead and Pacific lampreys. The effects of electricity on fish have been widely studied and include injury or death (e.g., Sharber and Carothers 1988; Dwyer et al. 2001; Snyder 2003), physiological dysfunction (e.g., Schreck et al. 1976; Mesa and Schreck 1989), and altered behavior (Mesa and Schreck 1989). Much of this work was done to investigate the effects of electrofishing on fish in the wild. Because electrofishing operations would always use more severe electrical settings than those proposed for the pinniped barrier, results from these studies are probably not relevant to the work proposed by SRI. Field electrofishing operations typically use high voltage and amperage settings and a variety of waveforms, pulse widths (PW), and pulse frequencies (PF), depending on conditions and target species. For example, when backpack electrofishing for trout in a small stream, one might use settings such as 500 V pulsed DC, a PW of 1 ms, and a PF of 60 Hz. In contrast, the electrical barrier proposed by SRI will produce electrical conditions significantly lower than those used in electrofishing, particularly for PW and PF (e.g., PW ranging from 300-1,000 {micro}s and PF from 2-3 Hz). Further, voltage gradients (in V/cm) are predicted to be lower in the electric barrier than those produced during typical electrofishing. Although the relatively weak, pulsed DC electric fields to be produced by the barrier may be effective at deterring pinnipeds, little, if anything, is known about the effects of such low intensity electrical fields on fish behavior. For this research, we evaluated the effects of weak, pulsed DC electric currents on the behavior of adult steelhead and Pacific lamprey and the incidence of injury in steelhead only. In a series of laboratory experiments, we: (1) documented the rate of passage of fish over miniature, prototype electric barriers when they were on and off; (2) determined some electric thresholds beyond which fish would not pass over the barrier; and (3) assessed the incidence and severity of injury in steelhead exposed to relatively severe electrical conditions. The results of this study should be useful for making decisions about whether to install electrical barriers in the lower Columbia River, or elsewhere, to reduce predation on upstream migrating salmonids and other fishes by marine pinnipeds.

Mesa, Matthew

2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

353

Effect of MgO Additive on Volumetric Expansion of Self-Degradable Cements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We identified hard-burned magnesium oxide (MgO) as a suitable expansive additive for improving the plugging performance of self-degradable, temporary sodium silicate-activated slag/Class C fly ash (SSASC) blend cement sealers into rock fractures in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGSs). MgO extended the volumetric expansion of sealers during their exposure to a hydrothermal environment at 200 C under pressures, ranging from 300 to 1500 psi. A great expansion ratc of 19.3% was observed by adding 3.0 wt% MgO under 300 psi pressure, thus promising to plug thoroughly inner fracture. When the pressure was increased from 300 psi to 1500 psi, the expansion rate of cement markedly reduced, corresponding to the formaLion of crack-free specimens and the improvement of compressive strength. However, with 3.0 wt% MgO, the specimens still engendered the generation of numerous visual cracks, although they were prepared under a high pressure of 1500 psi. The effective content of MgO in minimizing and eliminating the generation of cracks was 2.0 wt%, which provided a moderate expansion of {ge} 0.5%. The compressive strength of 2.0 wt% MgO specimens made under a pressure of 300 psi rose {approx} 1.7-fold to 4816 psi with an increasing pressure to 1500 psi. The in-situ growth of brucite crystal formed by the hydrothermal hydration of MgO was responsive for such an expansion of the SSASC cement; meanwhile. two crystalline hydrothermal reaction products, 1.1 nm tobermorite and calcium silicate hydrated, contributed to the development of the sealer's compressive strength. Thus, the increasing pressure seems to suppress and control a growth rate of brucite crystal in response to a lower extension of expansion. Furthermore, all MgO-conlaining SSASC sealers possessed the water-catalyzed self-degradable properties.

Sugama T.; Warren, J.; Butcher, T.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

Office of River Protection Mission Completion Strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE's Office of River Protection (ORP) is readying itself to commence construction of a Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) that will start the process of turning Hanford tank waste into glass. The plant is state-of-the art and includes reasonable flexibility to improve operations as technology and operational understandings improve. During its 40 year design life the plant has the capability to treat half of the total volume of tank waste and reduce risk to the public by up to ninety percent. Looking beyond initial processing towards the project end state, however, it is apparent that ORP's baseline approach is part of the issue raised by the DOE Secretary when he said that $300 billion and 75 years is too costly and too long for DOE's environmental cleanups. ORP has reviewed its cost and schedule drivers and has started identifying areas where better technologies and risk-based strategies could substantially decrease its life cycle cost and schedule. Specific technologies under consideration will be discussed along with expected return on investment. ORP is totally committed to taking all steps necessary during cleanup to protect human health and the environment and to comply with appropriate regulations and commitments. But, ORP is also very conscious of the fact that the history of Hanford production and tank farm operations has resulted in very large tank-to-tank variabilities in the waste constituents. Not all tank wastes demand the same high level of rigor in treatment as provided by the WTP in order to protect people and the environment. Parallel treatment paths, keyed to the hazards and chemical challenges each tank presents, need to be developed. The WTP vitrification capabilities should be deployed for the higher risk wastes that require vitrification. By getting wastes in the proper paths for treatment based upon their chemical characteristics and inherent risks, ORP will be able to both accelerate the cleanup schedule and bring its life cycle and annual funding requirements into line. The WTP needs to be managed and its throughput enhanced to vitrify all of the HLW and approximately 50% of the low-level tank waste by about 2030. That represents the lion's share of the current and long-term risk presented by the tanks.

Wiegman, S. A.; Hewitt, W. M.; Yuracko, K.; Holbrook, J. H.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

355

Survey of four damage models for concrete.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four conventional damage plasticity models for concrete, the Karagozian and Case model (K&C), the Riedel-Hiermaier-Thoma model (RHT), the Brannon-Fossum model (BF1), and the Continuous Surface Cap Model (CSCM) are compared. The K&C and RHT models have been used in commercial finite element programs many years, whereas the BF1 and CSCM models are relatively new. All four models are essentially isotropic plasticity models for which 'plasticity' is regarded as any form of inelasticity. All of the models support nonlinear elasticity, but with different formulations. All four models employ three shear strength surfaces. The 'yield surface' bounds an evolving set of elastically obtainable stress states. The 'limit surface' bounds stress states that can be reached by any means (elastic or plastic). To model softening, it is recognized that some stress states might be reached once, but, because of irreversible damage, might not be achievable again. In other words, softening is the process of collapse of the limit surface, ultimately down to a final 'residual surface' for fully failed material. The four models being compared differ in their softening evolution equations, as well as in their equations used to degrade the elastic stiffness. For all four models, the strength surfaces are cast in stress space. For all four models, it is recognized that scale effects are important for softening, but the models differ significantly in their approaches. The K&C documentation, for example, mentions that a particular material parameter affecting the damage evolution rate must be set by the user according to the mesh size to preserve energy to failure. Similarly, the BF1 model presumes that all material parameters are set to values appropriate to the scale of the element, and automated assignment of scale-appropriate values is available only through an enhanced implementation of BF1 (called BFS) that regards scale effects to be coupled to statistical variability of material properties. The RHT model appears to similarly support optional uncertainty and automated settings for scale-dependent material parameters. The K&C, RHT, and CSCM models support rate dependence by allowing the strength to be a function of strain rate, whereas the BF1 model uses Duvaut-Lion viscoplasticity theory to give a smoother prediction of transient effects. During softening, all four models require a certain amount of strain to develop before allowing significant damage accumulation. For the K&C, RHT, and CSCM models, the strain-to-failure is tied to fracture energy release, whereas a similar effect is achieved indirectly in the BF1 model by a time-based criterion that is tied to crack propagation speed.

Leelavanichkul, Seubpong (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Brannon, Rebecca Moss (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Literature and information related to the natural resources of the North Aleutian Basin of Alaska.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The North Aleutian Basin Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) is a large geographic area with significant natural resources. The Basin includes most of the southeastern part of the Bering Sea Outer Continental Shelf, including all of Bristol Bay. The area supports important habitat for a wide variety of species and globally significant habitat for birds and marine mammals, including several federally listed species. Villages and communities of the Alaska Peninsula and other areas bordering or near the Basin rely on its natural resources (especially commercial and subsistence fishing) for much of their sustenance and livelihood. The offshore area of the North Aleutian Basin is considered to have important hydrocarbon reserves, especially natural gas. In 2006, the MMS released a draft proposed program, 'Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, 2007-2012' and an accompanying draft programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS). The draft proposed program identified two lease sales proposed in the North Aleutian Basin in 2010 and 2012, subject to restrictions. The area proposed for leasing in the Basin was restricted to the Sale 92 Area in the southwestern portion. Additional EISs will be needed to evaluate the potential effects of specific lease actions, exploration activities, and development and production plans in the Basin. A full range of updated multidisciplinary scientific information will be needed to address oceanography, fate and effects of oil spills, marine ecosystems, fish, fisheries, birds, marine mammals, socioeconomics, and subsistence in the Basin. Scientific staff at Argonne National Laboratory were contracted to assist MMS with identifying and prioritizing information needs related to potential future oil and gas leasing and development activities in the North Aleutian Basin. Argonne focused on three related tasks: (1) identify and gather relevant literature published since 1996, (2) synthesize and summarize the literature, and (3) identify and prioritize remaining information needs. To assist in the latter task, MMS convened the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting (the Planning Meeting) in Anchorage, Alaska, from November 28 through December 1, 2006. That meeting and its results are described in 'Proceedings of the North Aleutian Basin Information Status and Research Planning Meeting' (the Planning Meeting report)1. Citations for recent literature (1996-2006) to support an assessment of the impacts of oil and gas development on natural, cultural, and socioeconomic resources in the North Aleutian Basin were entered in a database. The database, a series of Microsoft Excel spreadsheets with links to many of the reference materials, was provided to MMS prior to the Planning Meeting and was made available for participants to use during the meeting. Many types of references were identified and collected from the literature, such as workshop and symposium proceedings, personal web pages, web pages of government and nongovernmental organizations, EISs, books and articles reporting research results, regulatory documents, technical reports, newspaper and newsletter articles, and theses and dissertations. The current report provides (1) a brief overview of the literature; (2) descriptions (in tabular form) of the databased references, including geographic area covered, topic, and species (where relevant); (3) synopses of the contents of the referenced documents and web pages; and (4) a full citation for each reference. At the Planning Meeting, subject matter experts with research experience in the North Aleutian Basin presented overviews of the area's resources, including oceanography, fish and shellfish populations, federal fisheries, commercial fishery economics, community socioeconomics, subsistence, seabirds and shorebirds, waterfowl, seals and sea lions, cetaceans, sea otters, and walruses. These presentations characterized the status of the resource, the current state of knowledge on the topic, and information needs related to an assessment of

Stull, E.A.; Hlohowskyj, I.; LaGory, K. E.; Environmental Science Division

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z