Sample records for big sandy substations

  1. EIS-0315-S1: SEIS on Caithness Big Sandy Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In June 2001, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Western Area Power Administration (Western) issued the Big Sandy Energy Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) (BLM and Western 2001). After June 2001, Caithness Big Sandy, L.L.C. (Caithness), revised aspects of the Big Sandy Energy Project (Project) described as the Proposed Action in the Draft EIS.

  2. Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBig Sandy Rural

  3. Big Sandy, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources ofBeyondPV CoSandy, Montana:

  4. Substation automation problems and possibilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, H.L.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolutionary growth in the use and application of microprocessors in substations has brought the industry to the point of considering integrated substation protection, control, and monitoring systems. An integrated system holds the promise of greatly reducing the design, documentation, and implementation cost for the substation control, protection, and monitoring systems. This article examines the technical development path and the present implementation problems.

  5. Editor's Note: Hurricane Sandy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    Editor's Note: Hurricane Sandy, also known as Super Storm Sandy, Tropi- cal Storm Sandy, or just to protect the public, vital infrastructure, and the environment. Hurricane Sandy When Joseph Bruno, New York- nuity that the city demonstrated in the wake of Hurricane Sandy. So when he addressed a forum at New

  6. PUREX new substation ATR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, D.E.

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the acceptance test report (ATR) for the New PUREX Main and Minisubstations. It covers the factory and vendor acceptance and commissioning test reports. Reports are presented for the Main 5 kV substation building, the building fire system, switchgear, and vacuum breaker; the minisubstation control building and switch gear; commissioning test; electrical system and loads inspection; electrical utilities transformer and cable; and relay setting changes based on operational experience.

  7. Electric power substation capital costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dagle, J.E.; Brown, D.R.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The displacement or deferral of substation equipment is a key benefit associated with several technologies that are being developed with the support of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Utility Technologies. This could occur, for example, as a result of installing a distributed generating resource within an electricity distribution system. The objective of this study was to develop a model for preparing preliminary estimates of substation capital costs based on rudimentary conceptual design information. The model is intended to be used by energy systems analysts who need ``ballpark`` substation cost estimates to help establish the value of advanced utility technologies that result in the deferral or displacement of substation equipment. This cost-estimating model requires only minimal inputs. More detailed cost-estimating approaches are recommended when more detailed design information is available. The model was developed by collecting and evaluating approximately 20 sets of substation design and cost data from about 10 US sources, including federal power marketing agencies and private and public electric utilities. The model is principally based on data provided by one of these sources. Estimates prepared with the model were compared with estimated and actual costs for the data sets received from the other utilities. In general, good agreement (for conceptual level estimating) was found between estimates prepared with the cost-estimating model and those prepared by the individual utilities. Thus, the model was judged to be adequate for making preliminary estimates of typical substation costs for US utilities.

  8. Responds to Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Army Corps Responds to Hurricane Sandy January Edition 2013 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New York 1 Table of Contents Page 2 Commander's Reflections Page 3 Hurricane Sandy batters NY District's AOR Contingency Plan into action for first time on Long Island Page 14 Corps personnel assist Hurricane Sandy

  9. Ashland Area Support Substation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power Light Company's (PP L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP L's Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW's) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

  10. Proceedings: Tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The tenth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

  11. Proceedings: Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference IX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced monitoring and diagnostic sensors and systems are needed to provide reliable and accurate information for determining the condition of major transmission substation equipment. The ninth EPRI Substation Equipment Diagnostics Conference highlighted the work of researchers, universities, manufacturers, and utilities in producing advanced monitoring and diagnostic equipment for substations.

  12. Wolf Point Substation, Roosevelt County, Montana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Area Power Administration (Western), an agency of the United States Department of Energy, is proposing to construct the 115-kV Wolf Point Substation near Wolf Point in Roosevelt County, Montana (Figure 1). As part of the construction project, Western's existing Wolf Point Substation would be taken out of service. The existing 115-kV Wolf Point Substation is located approximately 3 miles west of Wolf Point, Montana (Figure 2). The substation was constructed in 1949. The existing Wolf Point Substation serves as a Switching Station'' for the 115-kV transmission in the region. The need for substation improvements is based on operational and reliability issues. For this environmental assessment (EA), the environmental review of the proposed project took into account the removal of the old Wolf Point Substation, rerouting of the five Western lines and four lines from the Cooperatives and Montana-Dakota Utilities Company, and the new road into the proposed substation. Reference to the new proposed Wolf Point Substation in the EA includes these facilities as well as the old substation site. The environmental review looked at the impacts to all resource areas in the Wolf Point area. 7 refs., 6 figs.

  13. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Hygiene Substation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will occur within the existing, disturbed substation access roaddriveway. B. Number and Title of tile Categorical Exclusion Being Applied: (See text in 10 CFR 1021,...

  14. EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, Colorado EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project,...

  15. Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Cyber Security in Smart Grid Substations Thijs Baars Lucas van den Bemd Michail Theuns Robin van.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;CYBER SECURITY IN SMART GRID SUBSTATIONS Thijs Baars T.Brinkkemper@uu.nl Abstract. This report describes the state of smart grid security in Europe, specifically the Netherlands

  16. 500-kV Central Ferry Substation ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Substation Y Y Central Ferry Substation T u c a n n o n R i v e r S n a k e R i v e r 12 U V 127 U V 127 U V 260 U V 261 12 Starbuck Starbuck W h i t m a n W h i t m a...

  17. Global Warming Systemically Caused Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Warming Systemically Caused Hurricane Sandy by George Lakoffsystemically caused Hurricane Sandy -- and the Midwestenormous energy and size of Hurricane Sandy, as well as the

  18. Earth resistivity measurement near substation ground grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lodwig, S.G.; Mateja, S.A. [ComEd, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proper substation grounding grid design requires good, accurate soil resistivity measurements. This data is essential to model the substation ground grid to design a safe ground grid with a satisfactory ground grid resistance at minimum cost. For substations with several decades of service, there is some concern that a grid may have deteriorated, been damaged during equipment installation or excavation, or that initial soil resistivity measurements were lost or may not have been correctly performed. Ground grid conductors change the substation surface voltage distribution. Any voltage measurements taken at the complete substation will also vary from the tests made without conductors present. During testing, current was injected in the soil by probes placed near the ground grid. The current tends to follow the ground grid conductors since copper is a far better conductor than the soil it is placed in. Resistance readings near grids will be lower than readings in undisturbed soil. Since computer models were unavailable for many years, analyzing the effect of the grid conductors on soil resistivity measurements was very difficult. As a result, soil resistivity measurements made close to substations were of little use to the engineer unless some means of correcting the measured values could be developed. This paper will present results of soil resistivity measurements near a substation ground grid before and after a ground grid has been installed and describes a means of calculating the undisturbed soil model.

  19. EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs considered preparing this EA, with DOE’s Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency. This project has been canceled.

  20. Hurricane Sandy 2012 EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Stephen José

    Hurricane Sandy 2012 EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS TASK FORCE REPORT #12;Publication Date: March 2013 EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS TASK FORCE REPORT HURRICANE SANDY 2012 This report was prepared at the direction to directions received from you to investigate and report on the devastating impacts Hurricane Sandy had

  1. Characterization of electromagnetic transients in power substations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goers, William Chester

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER CiOERS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS IN POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by WILLIAM CHESTER GOERS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Dr. B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee...

  2. Big Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Thomas Zacharia

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

  3. Big Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Thomas Zacharia

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

  4. Data collecting and processing for substation integration enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakovljevic, Sasa

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The issue of substation integration is recognized as a very important one ever since the process of technological development brought a multitude of new computer-based devices and functions into substation operation. During the relatively short time...

  5. Design, Simulation, and Analysis of Substation Automation Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kembanur Natarajan, Elangovan

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Substation Automation Systems (SAS). Substations are nodes in the smart grid infrastructure that help the in transportation of power by connecting the transmission and distribution lines. The SAS applications are con figured to operate with minimal human...

  6. Experiments at Substation No. 3 Angleton, Texas 1909-1916.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winters, N. E. (Nathaniel Elmer)

    1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Jan. 1.. ...... ..... .... . ... Oct. 21.. 20 110 inches May 1. MIY 22. 1,151 1 not good -4lsike clover does not seem to be a good legume for this part of the State. It is a perennial? hew green the year round..., Inspector SUBSTATION NO. 1: Beeville Bee County I. E. COWART. M. S., ~upe2ntendent SUBSTATION NO. 2: Troup, Smith County W S HOTCHKISS Supertntendent SUBSTATION NO. 5: Angleton, Brszoria County N. E. WINTERS, M. S., Superintendent SUBSTATION NO. 4...

  7. Ashland Area Support Substation Project : Environmental Assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides wholesale electric service to the City of Ashland (the City) by transferring power over Pacific Power & Light Company`s (PP&L) 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission lines and through PP&L`s Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. The City distributes power over a 12.5-kV system which is heavily loaded during winter peak periods and which has reached the limit of its ability to serve peak loads in a reliable manner. Peak loads under normal winter conditions have exceeded the ratings of the transformers at both the Ashland and Oak Knoll Substations. In 1989, the City modified its distribution system at the request of PP&L to allow transfer of three megawatts (MW`s) of electric power from the overloaded Ashland Substation to the Oak Knoll Substation. In cooperation with PP&L, BPA installed a temporary 6-8 megavolt-amp (MVA) 115-12.5-kV transformer for this purpose. This additional transformer, however, is only a temporary remedy. BPA needs to provide additional, reliable long-term service to the Ashland area through additional transformation in order to keep similar power failures from occurring during upcoming winters in the Ashland area. The temporary installation of another 20-MVA mobile transformer at the Ashland Substation and additional load curtailment are currently being studied to provide for sustained electrical service by the peak winter period 1992. Two overall electrical plans-of-service are described and evaluated in this report. One of them is proposed for action. Within that proposed plan-of-service are location options for the substation. Note that descriptions of actions that may be taken by the City of Ashland are based on information provided by them.

  8. The mammals of Big Thicket National Preserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnette, Ralph Brian

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unit. . 102 Table 21. Track count results, Hickory Creek Savannah Unit 103 LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1. Map showing three different con- cepts of the Big Thicket Figure 2. Map of the units of Big Thicket National Preserve. Figure 3. The Beech... of the units of Big Thicket National Pre- serve. Cross-hatched areas indicate the individual units. CHESTER S 8) COLMESNEIL BA Ir LO Ste nhagen J Lake JASPER US e? W DVILLE BEEC CREEK UNIT TOWN BLUFF UPPER NECHE RIVER CORRIDOR UNIT BIG SANDY...

  9. Utility programs for substation diagnostics development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is a brief overview of the opening remarks of the utility panel. These remarks developed a number of interesting substation diagnostic activities and concepts in which the electric utilities are engaged and outlined the considerations which must accompany development of diagnostic sensors and systems. These area include transformer diagnostics, circuit breaker diagnostics, and testing/cost of diagnostic systems.

  10. North Atlantic DivisionNorth Atlantic Division SuperstormSuperstorm SandySandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    North Atlantic DivisionNorth Atlantic Division SuperstormSuperstorm SandySandy Dredging Industry BriefDredging Industry BriefDredging Industry BriefDredging Industry Brief 3 April 20133 April 2013 #12;NAD Sandy Dredging BriefNAD Sandy Dredging Brief · Purposep · Goals · Sandy Program Overview

  11. Quality Assurance Plan for site electrical replacements at substation line item subproject: 69 KV Substation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohler, C.K.

    1991-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The 69 KV Substation Project is based on the recognized need to provide a continuous, reliable source of power and to improve the firm capacity of the electrical service to all production facilities at Mound. The project consists of the following major element: 69 KV Substation: (1) Install a 69 KV Substation and associated equipment with two parallel 18 MVA transformers. (2) Install duct bank as required and provide 15 KV feeder cable from new substation to existing Substation 95 for connection to Mound`s existing primary distribution system. (3) Install duct bank for underground routing of the 15 KV feeder cable from Manhole 5C to the existing power house cable pit. (4) Reconfigure existing Dayton Power and Light Co. 15 KV switchgear in P Building. The purpose of this Quality Assurance Plan (QA Plan) is to assure that the objectives of the United States Department of Energy (D.O.E.) and EG&G Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, Ohio (Mound) are met for this non-weapons project relative to health and safety, protection of the environment, reliability and continuity of operations, and documentation of quality efforts. This QA Plan identifies the activities and responsibilities which are necessary in the design, procurement, fabrication, installation, and start up of this project in order to meet these objectives.

  12. Modeling and Simulating Blast Effects on Electric Substations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle G. Roybal; Robert F. Jeffers; Kent E. McGillivary; Tony D. Paul; Ryan Jacobson

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A software simulation tool was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory to estimate the fragility of electric substation components subject to an explosive blast. Damage caused by explosively driven fragments on a generic electric substation was estimated by using a ray-tracing technique to track and tabulate fragment impacts and penetrations of substation components. This technique is based on methods used for assessing vulnerability of military aircraft and ground vehicles to explosive blasts. An open-source rendering and ray-trace engine was used for geometric modeling and interactions between fragments and substation components. Semi-empirical material interactions models were used to calculate blast parameters and simulate high-velocity material interactions between explosively driven fragments and substation components. Finally, a Monte Carlo simulation was added to model the random nature of fragment generation allowing a skilled analyst to predict failure probabilities of substation components.

  13. Report of Experiments at Substation No. 4, Beaumont, Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    **W. T. CARTER, JR., B. S.: Chtej T. M. BUSHNELL. B. S.. Sod Suroegur W. B. FRANCIS. B. S.. Soil Sur~euor bondman I?. G. BREWER, B. S., Assisfanf Animal Hus- bandman -- , Soil Sur&yor SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beeville, Bee County I. E. COWART. M. S... : 19 a.7mm ary ................................................. 20 [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] REPORT OF EXPERIMENTS, SUBSTATION NO. 4, ' BEAUMONT, TEXAS. Substation No. 4, located six miles west of Beaumont, in one of the largest rice...

  14. Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly Restoring Electrical Service: a Report to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 1816 of the Energy...

  15. Environmental Assessment : Happy Valley [Substation Project].

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed Happy Valley project consists of construction of a new BPA customer service 69-kV substation south of Sequim in Clallam County, Washington. A tie line, to be constructed by the customer as part of this project, will link the new BPA facility to the existing customer's transmission system in the area. This project responds to rapid load growth in the Olympic Peninsula, and will strengthen the existing BPA system and interconnected utility systems. It will reduce transmission losses presently incurred, especially on the BPA system supplying power to the Olympic Peninsula. This report describes the potential environmental impact of the proposed actions. 2 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Progress Report Substation No. 5, Temple, Texas, 1910-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Killough, D.T. (David Thornton)

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 2 15 - MAY, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 5, TEMPLE, TEXAS . B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, RRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLL ECE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL... ............................................................................................... Term explres 192: MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART, Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS P. L. DOWNS. Temple, President .................................................................................. Term expires 1911...

  17. Progress Report, Substation No. 8, Lubbock, Texas, 1909-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl)

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 219 SEPTEMBER, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 8, LUBBOCK, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIR.ECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS, AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXA W. B. BIZZELL... STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART, Chairman 'WILL A. MILLER, JR. GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS P. L Downs President Temple ........ .............................................................................Term CHA ~LES RO~AN, Vice >resident,. AU...

  18. Progress Report, Substation No. 9, Pecos, Texas, 1910-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, J.W.

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION * BULLETIN NO. 221 NOVEMBER, 19 17 -- -- PROGR.ESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 9, PECOS, TEXAS COLLEGE STATION, RRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1917 AGRICULTURAL...% .................................................................................................... F. M. LAW, Houston em expires 1923 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART. Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS p L DOWNS, Temple. President...

  19. Hurricane Sandy Situation Reports (October & November 2012)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hurricane Sandy situation reports detail the storm's impacts and the restoration activities being taken by the energy sector.

  20. Grizzly Substation Fiber Optics : Environmental Assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This notice announces BPA`s decision to construct, operate, and maintain the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project (Project). This Project is part of a continuing effort by BPA to complete a regionwide upgrade of its existing telecommunications system. The US Forest Service and BPA jointly prepared the Grizzly Substation Fiber Optic Project Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1241) evaluating the potential environmental impacts of the Proposed Action, the Underground Installation Alternative, and the No Action Alternative. Based on the analysis in the EA, the US Forest Service and BPA have determined that the Proposed Action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI. The US Forest Service has separately issued a FONSI and Decision Notice authorizing BPA to construct, operate, and maintain the Project within the Crooked River National Grassland (Grassland).

  1. APS team works smarter, cuts substation construction costs by 36%

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An aggressive, cost-cutting, team of T D employees at Arizona Public Service Co (APS) is building a new distribution substation in Phoenix for less than half the original cost that APS planners had calculated for the project's land, labor and materials. Scheduled for service in June of this year, APS analysts had originally projected land, labor and materials costs for the 20-MVA Bell substation at nearly $1.7-million-not including major equipment such as transformers, circuit breakers, and switches. However, after studying the project, an empowered APS crew was able to slash 36% off the original estimate-more than $610,000. What's more, APS spokesmen say that its new approach to substation construction and design has given its engineers and construction crews a laundry list of additional ideas to try out on future substation ventures. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Sweet Potato Fertilizer Experiments at Substation No. 2, Troup.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hotchkiss, W. S.

    1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 277 MARCH, 1921 SWEET POTATO FERTILIZER EXPERIMENTS AT SUBSTATION NO. 2; TROUP B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR tmLLIU)E BTATION.... Pecos, Reeves County V. L. CORY, B. S., Superintendent No. 10. College Station, Rrazas County (Feedlng and Breedlng Substation) L. J. MCCALL, Superintendent No. 11. Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches County G. T. McN~ss, Superintendent **No. 12. Chillicothe...

  3. Progress Report Substation No.7, Spur, Texas, 1909-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickson, R.E.

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 2 18 SEPTEMBER, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 7, SPUR, TEXAS . , B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AunlLuL I UKAL AIVD-~LIIAITYILAL LULLEECVPTE~A~ W. B.... ............................................... .Term expires 1923 F. M. LAW, Housto11.. ................................................. .Term expires 1923 MAIN STATION COMMITTEE L. J. HART. Chairman WILL A. MILLER, JR. GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS p. L. DOWNS, President, Temple...

  4. Progress Report Substation No. 1, Beeville, Texas, 1910-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binford, E.E.

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION -- BULLETIN NO. 2 14 APRIL, 1917 .PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 1, BEEVILLE, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD, ,If. S., DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS....'AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 214 APRIL, 1917 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 1, BEEVILLE, TEXAS 1910-1914 E. E. BINFORD, B. S., Superintendent B. YOUNGBLOOD, $1. S., DIRI~CTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXM. em- AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON...

  5. National SCADA Test Bed Substation Automation Evaluation Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenneth Barnes; Briam Johnson

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increased awareness of the potential for cyber attack has recently resulted in improved cyber security practices associated with the electrical power grid. However, the level of practical understanding and deployment of cyber security practices has not been evenly applied across all business sectors. Much of the focus has been centered on information technology business centers and control rooms. This report explores the current level of substation automation, communication, and cyber security protection deployed in electrical substations throughout existing utilities in the United States. This report documents the evaluation of substation automation implementation and associated vulnerabilities. This evaluation used research conducted by Newton-Evans Research Company for some of its observations and results. The Newton Evans Report aided in the determination of what is the state of substation automation in North American electric utilities. Idaho National Laboratory cyber security experts aided in the determination of what cyber vulnerabilities may pose a threat to electrical substations. This report includes cyber vulnerabilities as well as recommended mitigations. It also describes specific cyber issues found in typical substation automation configurations within the electric utility industry. The evaluation report was performed over a 5-month period starting in October 2008

  6. Big Sky Wind Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBig SandySky

  7. Integrated substation looks like one RTU to dispatchers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koch, W.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditionally, supervisory control and data acquisition systems (Scada) use a master/slave arrangement. The master Scada computer polls individual circuit devices for information, or the devices may report (by exception) to the computer. The substation engineering department of Portland General Electric Co (PCE) is now pioneering a new arrangement in which all devices in a substation communicate with each other and a local computer over a data bus. A single communications line connects the Scada master to the same bus for control and/or monitoring. The new approach is known as a substation integration system (SIS). Thus, for a lower initial cost, substation integration: eliminates the need for redundant equipment - such as panel meters, annunciators, transducers, sequence-of-event recorders, auxiliary tripping relays. Scada RTU, control, and transfer switches; reduces control house size by 25% by reducing wiring and using panel space more efficiently; provides a standardized user interface for easy data access, both locally and remotely; is flexible and expandable because of its modularity and use of non-proprietary hardware and software; improves operability, maintainability and reliability through immediate access to key data; and, reduces overall life-cycle costs by reducing travel and outage time through remote access to substation information. 5 figs.

  8. Report on Experiments with Citrus Fruits at the Beeville Sub-station.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potts, A. T. (Arthur Tillman)

    1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    !TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN No. 148. MAY, 1912. Report on Experiments With Citrus Fruits at The Bee- ville Sub-station A. T. POTTS, Superintendent Beeville Sub-station AUSTIN PRINTING COMPANY AUSTIN. TEXAS TEXAS... EXPERIMENT STATIONS. GOVERNING BOARD. 1 DIRECTOR OF STATIONS. ...................................... B. YOUNOBLOOD, M. S.. .College Station I SUPERINTENDENTS OF SUB-STATIONS. .................. E. E. BINFORD, Beeville Sub-station.. .Beeville, P:.e Cc...

  9. Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    effective monitoring applications for the substation using low-cost wireless sensor nodes that can sustainDesign Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring Asis University City Blvd. Charlotte, NC 28223 Luke Van der Zel and Bienvenido Rodriguez Substations Group EPRI

  10. Demo Abstract: Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring: Design and Deployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasipuri, Asis

    -voltage substations, lower installation cost, and utilization of the distributed pro- cessing capabilities of wirelessDemo Abstract: Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring: Design and Deployment Asis-Transmissions & Substations 9625 Research Drive Charlotte, NC 28262 {lvanderz,birodriguez} @epri.com Ralph McKosky, Joseph

  11. Report of Experiments at Substation No. 12, Chillicothe, Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, R. W.

    1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 253 NOVEMBER, 1919 heport of Exoeriments at Substation . No. 12, iliicothe, Texas B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR aOuEoE STATION... Survegor R. G. BRTWER, B. S., Assisfanf Animal Hus- W. B. FR~NCIS, B. S., Soil Surve~or banaman SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beevillei Bee County I. E. CLU~ART, M. S., Superinfendent N6. 2. Tromp, Smith County W. S. HOTCHKISS, Superinfendenf No. 3. Angleton...

  12. Progress Report, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, Texas, 1909-1915.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNess, George Thomas

    1918-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I 2XAS AGRlCULrURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 237 NOVEMBER, 1918 Progress Report, Substation No. 1 1, Nacogdoches, Texas, 1909- 19 15 B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR College.... T CARTER JR Chief J. F. ST~OUD. SO;[ ~;rve!,or NFAL GEARREALD Soil Survegor T. M. BUSHNELL, b. S., Soil Survey'r SUBSTATIONS No. 1. Beeville. Bee County No. 8 Lubbock Lubbock County I. E. COWART, M. S., Superintendent R'E KARPE~ B S Superintend D: L...

  13. Cotton Variety Experiments: Substation No. 3, Angleton, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AfiRlCULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS ' W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 274 FEBRUARY, 1921 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY COTTON VARIETY EXPERIMENTS SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS B. YOUNGBLOOD..... Chief SOIL SURVEY **W. T. CARTER. JR., B, S.. Chief T. M RTJRNNELL. R. S., Soil Surve~or H. W. HAWKER. Soil Sr~rneuar SUBSTATIONS No..l. Beeville. Bee County No. 8. Lubbock. Lubbock County I. E. COWART, M. S., Superintendent H. E. KARPER. B. S...

  14. Mid-Atlantic Coastal Storms and Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Mid-Atlantic Coastal Storms and Hurricane Sandy Daniel J. Leathers Department of Geography-Atlantic tropical systems and extra-tropical coastal storms. · Observing Hurricane Sandy in Delaware. · Unusual characteristics of Hurricane Sandy. · Impacts of Sandy on Delaware. #12;Some things to discuss... · A brief

  15. Management and Control for Optimal Performance of the Heating Substation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of the scale of central heating, a higher managing level is needed for the heating substation. How to economize the more energy is the first factor that managers need to consider while ensuring the comfort of the heating...

  16. Management and Control for Optimal Performance of the Heating Substation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of the scale of central heating, a higher managing level is needed for the heating substation. How to economize the more energy is the first factor that managers need to consider while ensuring the comfort of the heating...

  17. Design, Simulation, and Analysis of Substation Automation Networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kembanur Natarajan, Elangovan

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ] talks about modifying the slot time dynamically based on the type and the length of the packets. The idea of expanding smartgrid up to the consumer?s home resulted in anal- ysis of possibility of wireless protocols in smart grid. Reference [12...] describes the requirements for implementing smartgrid over wireless network and also enlists a few of the wireless protocols that could be used in smartgrid. Reference [13] was one of the rst papers to suggest using WLAN in substations. However...

  18. Substation based data interpretation techniques for improved power system management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, C.; McDonald, J.R. [Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom). Centre for Electrical Power Engineering] [Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom). Centre for Electrical Power Engineering; Laycock, W.J.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is now considerable pressure on electric utilities to operate their systems in the most efficient manner possible and to provide increased quality of service to customers. This pressure, coupled with the decreasing availability of reserve margins dictates that there is a requirement for comprehensive system operation support through, among other things, the provision of quality information relating to the behavior of the primary and secondary systems. This paper will show how the data available within modern substation control and management systems can be exploited in a cost-effective manner, through the implementation of advanced substation functions in an open systems environment. Certain functions which are presently carried out at the control center could be distributed (or partially distributed) to the substation. These functions may provide the utility staff with quality information, which can in turn be used to satisfy the objectives of increasing quality and security of supply, in addition to optimizing the utility`s information, maintenance and asset management functions.

  19. An Integrative Approach to Reliability Analysis of an IEC 61850 Digital Substation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan 1988-

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    the failures at the bay level translate to the substation level, first we describe the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA). Subsequently we will describe the reliability model at the substation level using the results of this FMEA. 4.1 Signal Flow... Effects in HV Transformer Bay 4.3 Integration at the Substation Level Now we will use the results of the FMEA to analyze the impact at the substation level. Since IEC 61850 based SAS combines the modern communication and traditional physical...

  20. Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This page describes application requirements for all projects that involve the installation of an electricity transmission line or substation that also require either a Certificate of Public...

  1. Microsoft Word - CX-HeboSubstationA- FY13_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Todd Nicholson Supervisory Civil Engineer - TELF-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Hebo Substation Access Road Maintenance Budget Information: Work Order 00270316 PP&A Project No.: 2784...

  2. Microsoft Word - CX-SnoKingSubstationExpansionFY12_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Michael Marleau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Sno-King Substation Expansion Categorical...

  3. Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBig Sandy

  4. Quantifying the Digital Traces of Hurricane Sandy on Flickr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    Quantifying the Digital Traces of Hurricane Sandy on Flickr Tobias Preis1 *, Helen Susannah Moat1 social science. To investigate user attention to the Hurricane Sandy disaster in 2012, we analyze data to Hurricane Sandy bears a striking correlation to the atmospheric pressure in the US state New Jersey during

  5. Hurricane Sandy Recovery Mission Commander's Update October 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Hurricane Sandy Recovery Mission Commander's Update October 2013 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers North Atlantic Division Partners and Stakeholders, As we approach the first anniversary of Hurricane Sandy in communities impacted by Hurricane Sandy, and this undertaking extends well beyond professional duty. For us

  6. Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) Due to Effects of Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) Due to Effects of Hurricane Sandy Factsheet Have you lost work or income due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy? If so, you may be eligible for Disaster due to the effects of hurricane sandy, you may qualify for DUA. there are different eligibility

  7. Critical Path Method (CPM) Scheduling, Basic Engineering, and Project Approach for Typical Substation Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamir, Dewan R.

    2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This Field Project provides an overview of the typical substation Engineering-Procurement-Construction (EPC) project delivery method, the work breakdown structure, activities and sequences in the Critical Path Method (CPM) schedule, basic substation...

  8. 351 Substation Demolition -- B Roll | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, 2014Energy,FNeed more4351 Substation

  9. Report of Progress at the Troupe Sub-Station, Smith County Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hotchkiss, W.S.

    1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTUR 146-409-lorn [PERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 121 FEBRUARY 1, 1909 REPORT OF PROGRESS AT THE TROUPE SUB-STATION, SMITH COUNTY, TEXAS W. H. HOTCHKISS, SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE POSTOFFICE COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY.... ..................................... C. W. CRISLER. .Chief Clerk. .................................. F. R. N~VAILLE. .Stenographer. ...................................... A. S. WARE.. .Stenographer. STATE SUBSTATIONS. ..................... H. H. HARRINGTON, Director. .College...

  10. Powerline Communication System for Monitoring and Supervision of Feeder Equipments for MV Substation Automation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    into the substations by the utilities to integrate data from relays and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and capitalize on the protection, control, metering, fault recording, communication functions available been designed and retrofitted into the substations by the utilities to integrate data from relays

  11. An extension to IEC 61850 for solving selectivity problem in electrical substations Mohamad Haffar*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An extension to IEC 61850 for solving selectivity problem in electrical substations Mohamad Haffar to the new standard IEC 61850. We also present the development of new devices in electrical substation domain. OPNET is used as a simulation platform for evaluation of message timing. Keywords: IEC 61850

  12. Progress Report of Substation No. 4, Beaumont, Texas, 1909-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 200 DECEMBER, 1916 = PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 4, BEAUMONT, TEXAS B. YOUWOBLOOD, DIRECTOR, ' COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO.... 200 DECEMBER, 191 6 PROGRESS REPORT, SUBSTATION NO. 4, BEAUMONT, TEXAS H. H. LAUDE, B. S., SUPERINTENDENT B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - - AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN- JONES CO., PRINTEBS, 1917...

  13. Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data The City University of New York (CUNY) and its partners developed an...

  14. Canby Area Service Project substation and associated transmission line. Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp`s substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC`s Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC`s substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA`s proposed action is intended to meet SVEC`s increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC`s increasing energy load by tapping into BPA`s existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC`s Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no ``environmental impact statement`` is not required.

  15. Canby Area Service Project : Substation and Associated Transmission Line : Environmental Assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) provides power to Surprise Valley Electrification Corporation (SVEC) in Modoc County, California. BPA uses PacificCorp's substation and transmission facilities between Alturas and Canby, California to transfer power to SVEC's Canby Substation. In the next year, SVEC expects increased industrial, agricultural, and residential electric loads on their 69-kV transmission system south of Canby. SVEC's substation can accommodate only about 10 percent of the expected additional electric load. BPA's proposed action is intended to meet SVEC's increasing electric load. BPA proposes to meet SVEC's increasing energy load by tapping into BPA's existing BPA Malin-Warner 230-kV transmission line, and building an 7.9-mile transmission line to a new BPA substation. BPA proposes to build the new substation next to the west side of SVEC's Canby Substation (Figure 1). This new substation will allow SVEC to move the additional power over their existing transmission or distribution lines. This report is the environmental assessment of the potential impact of the proposed project. The assessment determined that no environmental impact statement'' is not required.

  16. Big Sky Carbon Atlas

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    (Acknowledgment to the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership (BSCSP); see home page at http://www.bigskyco2.org/)

  17. HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear detonation in or above the earth's atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

  18. HEMP-induced transients in electric power substations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Salas, T.M. [BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear detonation in or above the earth`s atmosphere produces an intense electromagnetic pulse (EMP). A large portion of the EMP electromagnetic energy is within the RF spectrum. A detonation at high altitudes above 40 km produces an EMP called high-altitude EMP (HEMP). HEMP is a steep-front short duration transient with a rise time on the order of a few nanoseconds which decays to near zero in less than a microsecond. A single high-altitude burst can subject much of the continental United States to intense HEMP electric fields on the order of tens of kilovolts per meter. The intense transient HEMP will induce fast transients in high-voltage transmission lines and bus structures, instrumentation cables, and control wires in power transmission and distribution (T & D) substations. A system of traveling wave coupling models for a 500 kV substation, including models for the high voltage primary bus, components (circuit breakers, disconnect switches, power transformers, and current and voltage instrument transformers), low voltage control wiring circuits, and a number of conducted and radiated interference coupling modes, had been developed earlier by EPRI. These EPRI served as the baseline for the present HEMP coupling investigations. The HEMP effects on protective relays were assessed for a nominal HEMP environment using several new field coupling models merged with the switching transient data. It is found that a representative solid state relay is unlikely to be damaged or to misoperate by the nominal HEMP threat with a peak field strength of 50 kV/m. However, it is possible for both DC control wires to flash over to ground simultaneously, causing fuses to blow and placing the relay in an inoperative state.

  19. Synchrophasor Measurement Using Substation Intelligent Electronic Devices: Algorithms and Test Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Jinfeng

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation studies the performance of synchrophasor measurement obtained using substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) and proposes new algorithms and test methodology to improve and verify their performance when used in power system...

  20. Requirements Specification for and Evaluation of an Automated Substation Monitoring System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Automation, Intelligent Electronic Devices, Protective Relays, Automated Fault Analysis, Fault Location devices such as Digital Protective Relays (DPRs), Digital Fault Recorders (DFRs), PQ Meters (PQMs is closely related to the substation integration ­ which by integration of monitoring, protection and control

  1. An Integrative Approach to Reliability Analysis of an IEC 61850 Digital Substation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan 1988-

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, reliability evaluation of substation automation systems has received a significant attention from the research community. With the advent of the concept of smart grid, there is a growing trend to integrate more computation...

  2. Short communication Buried relic seawall mitigates Hurricane Sandy's impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Short communication Buried relic seawall mitigates Hurricane Sandy's impacts Jennifer L. Irish a Accepted 6 June 2013 Available online xxxx Keywords: Hurricanes Storm surge Waves Storm damage Seawalls of Hurricane Sandy revealed clear differences in patterns of the impact between two neighboring boroughs along

  3. A Preliminary Analysis of Network Outages During Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    A Preliminary Analysis of Network Outages During Hurricane Sandy USC/ISI Technical Report ISI outages during the October 2012 Hurricane Sandy. We assess net- work reliability by pinging a sample network outages, we see that the out- age rate in U.S. networks doubled when the hurricane made landfall

  4. Cotton Variety Experiments, 1912-1920, Substation No. 7, Spur, Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, George Fouche; Dickson, R. E

    1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS A6RICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, President BULLETIN NO. 288 FEBRUARY, 1922 DIVISION OF COTTON BREEDING COTTON VARIETY EXPERIMENTS, 1912-1920, SUBSTATION NO. 7, SPUR, TEXAS B..., Sorl Survegor H. V. GEIB, B. S., Soil Surveyor FEED CONTROL SERVICE B YOUNGBLOOD Ph D Director F.' D. FULLER, M. s.; ~xicf Inspecfor S. D. PEARCE, Inspector J. H. ROGERS, Inspecfor W. H. WOOD, Inspector SUBSTATIONS l%. 'l. Beeville Bee County...

  5. Progress Report, Texas Substation No. 6, Denton, Texas, 1909-14.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cory, V. L. (Vivian L.)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. - AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916.... [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 199 DECEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT, TEXAS SUBSTATION NO. 6, DENTON, TEXAS V. L. CORY, B. S. . SUPERINTENDENT , . POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY...

  6. Progress Report of Substation No. 3, Angleton, Texas, 1909-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winters, N. E. (Nathaniel Elmer)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 197 NOVEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT OF SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. +sB AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916.... [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS A(;RICULTURAl, EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 197 NOVEMBER, 1916 PROGRESS REPORT OF SUBSTATION NO. 3, ANGLETON, TEXAS N. E. WINTERS, B. S., SUPERINTENDENT POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS...

  7. Electrical substation service-area estimation using Cellular Automata: An initial report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenwick, J.W.; Dowell, L.J.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The service areas for electric power substations can be estimated using a Cellular Automata (CA) model. The CA model is a discrete, iterative process whereby substations acquire service area by claiming neighboring cells. The service area expands from a substation until a neighboring substation service area is met or the substation`s total capacity or other constraints are reached. The CA-model output is dependent on the rule set that defines cell interactions. The rule set is based on a hierarchy of quantitative metrics that represent real-world factors such as land use and population density. Together, the metrics determine the rate of cell acquisition and the upper bound for service area size. Assessing the CA-model accuracy requires comparisons to actual service areas. These actual service areas can be extracted from distribution maps. Quantitative assessment of the CA-model accuracy can be accomplished by a number of methods. Some are as simple as finding the percentage of cells predicted correctly, while others assess a penalty based on the distance from an incorrectly predicted cell to its correct service area. This is an initial report of a work in progress.

  8. Overview of Response to Hurricane Sandy-Nor'Easter and Recommendations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Response to Hurricane Sandy-Nor'Easter and Recommendations for Improvement (February 2013) Overview of Response to Hurricane Sandy-Nor'Easter and Recommendations for Improvement...

  9. Sweet Potato Fertilizer Experiments at Substation No. 2, Troup. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hotchkiss, W. S.

    1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . S ." - .- .d 3 %" +J a gP U $ 3.89 5.74 2.25 6.00 4.93 - 5.75 9.14 7.59 A -- s 0 d 2-2 " a,. z'," c* o a.5 225 ;:CU f3 ........ 50.4 43.2 3.4 72.0 41.9 - 54.6 57.9 70.8' oa Ow* '. ka' #g,. i zg:: gb ................ $ 37..., in 1907, 1908, and 11, was 17.?'0, 28.66, and 10.74 inches, respectively. The soils on which these experiments were conducted are classed by 3 Bureau of Soils as Susquehanna fine sandy loam. This soil is tyish in color with a red plastic clay subsoil...

  10. BIG SANDY IDA ONEID A WILL IAM SBU RG BU RNIN G SPRIN GS WIN

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5AreOil andMarketW W WRU315

  11. BIG SANDY IDA ONEID A WILL IAM SBU RG BU RNIN G SPRIN GS WIN

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S.5AreOil andMarketW W WRU315

  12. NOAA Water Level and Meteorological Data Report HURRICANE SANDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..................................................11 Table of Maximum Recorded Water Level Residuals (Storm Surge.................................................................17 Time-Series Plots of Observed, Predicted and Residual Water LevelsNOAA Water Level and Meteorological Data Report HURRICANE SANDY Silver Spring, Maryland January 24

  13. Cotton Variety Experiments at Substation No. 2, Troup.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hotchkiss, W. S.; Johnson, P. R. (Paul Rufus)

    1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . ...................... ............................ Lone Star .................... Hawkln's Prolific.. .................. Cleveland Big Boll.. Lone Star ............................. Percentage of lint Results in 1917 No. of bolls per lb. Fifty-three varieties were tested in 1917, and data... Type Mebane or Triumph Truitt Rowden Lone Star Acala Half and Half The varieties tested each year are arranged in the tables according to their rank in yield of lint cotton. Tables 3 to 6, inclusive, give information on the percentage of lint...

  14. A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION I. Colominas, F. Navarrina, and M. Casteleiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colominas, Ignasi

    A BOUNDARY ELEMENT FORMULATION FOR THE COMPUTER DESIGN OF SUBSTATION GROUNDING I. Colominas, F approach for the numerical com- putation of substation grounding systems is presented. In this general in the BEM formulation to reduce computational cost. While linear and parabolic leakage current elements

  15. Substations reliability-centered maintenance and predictive maintenance - a strategic partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colsher, R.J. [Electric Power Research Institute, Eddystone, PA (United States); Abbott, P.D.; Matusheski, R.L. [EPRI & MD Center, Eddystone, PA (United States); Smith, S.B. [ERIN Engineering & Research, Walnut Creek, CA (United States)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A maintenance optimization study for substation components can be most effective when Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Analysis is combined with a Predictive Maintenance (PDM) Assessment. If the two processes are performed concurrently, the benefit-to-cost ratios for each is increased. Also, the cost of implementing RCM recommendations for condition monitoring can be minimized, while maximizing their impact at the same time. This paper presents the essential elements of both the RCM and PDM processes, and describes how they work together in a substation environment as a comprehensive maintenance assessment tool. Descriptions of recent experiences are also included.

  16. Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation applications are being

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program (ATP), Energy Management Systems (EMS), Intelligent Electronic Device (IED), Supervisory Control Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Energy Management System (EMS) applications of substation of Power System Operation Using Advanced Algorithms and IEDs for On-Line Monitoring". Y. Wu and M

  17. Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Supplemental Environmental Analysis, Schultz Substation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the purpose, function, and the environmental consequences of the proposed Schultz substation near Ellensburg, Washington. The affected environment is described in detail, including aerial survey photographs. The impacts on vegetation, fish and wildlife, soils, and water resources are described. (GHH)

  18. Vulnerability of Zigbee to Impulsive Noise in Electricity Substations S A Bhatti1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Robert C

    (ISA) are particularly influential in the field of wireless industrial automation systems. Wireless-rate wireless communications. It has a wide range of, applications in home and industrial automation, automation deployed in a substation. 1. Introduction The use of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for industrial

  19. Constraint Based Planning with Composable Substate Peter Gregory and Derek Long and Maria Fox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Constraint Based Planning with Composable Substate Graphs Peter Gregory and Derek Long and Maria a constraint-based model for cost-optimal plan- ning that uses global constraints to improve the inference to such problems combine search, inference and relaxation. In cost optimal planning, search and relaxation tech

  20. Myoglobin-CO Substate Structures and Dynamics: Multidimensional Vibrational Echoes and Molecular Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Myoglobin-CO Substate Structures and Dynamics: Multidimensional Vibrational Echoes and Molecular to establishing the relationships between protein structure and protein function.1-5 Protein dynamics occur structural specificity to assign these dynamics to particular atomic motions. Computational tech- niques

  1. Performance testing of the Sandy Pond HVDC converter terminal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donahue, J.A.; Fisher, D.A.; Railing, B.D.; Tatro, P.J. (New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of several performance tests for the 1,800 MW Sandy Pond HVDC converter terminal are presented and discussed. The work progressed during 1990 and 1991 and included tests for power line carrier interference, audible sound, ac and dc line faults and dc harmonic performance. The testing was conducted as part of the commissioning program for the first stage of the Quebec-New England Phase 2 multi-terminal system. In this stage, the Radisson (Quebec) and Sandy Pond (New England) terminals are operational.

  2. Big Questions: Missing Antimatter

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

  3. Before the Big Bang

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Roger Penrose

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The second law of thermodynamics says, in effect, that things get more random as time progresses. Thus, we can deduce that the beginning of the universe - the Big Bang - must have been an extraordinarily precisely organized state. What was the nature of this state? How can such a special state have come about? In Penrose's talk, a novel explanation is suggested.

  4. Wiener Numbers of Pericondensed Benzenoid Hydrocarbons Sandi Klav zar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klavzar, Sandi

    Wiener Numbers of Pericondensed Benzenoid Hydrocarbons Sandi Klav#20;zar Department of Mathematics expressions for W for several homologous series of pericondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons. An elementary proof polycyclic systems studied were catacondensed benzenoid hydrocarbons. 11{14 Few years ago the situation

  5. Benjamin Peirce and the Howland Will Paul Meier; Sandy Zabell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1459%28198009%2975%3A371%3C497%3ABPATHW%3E2.0.CO%3B2-G Journal of the American Statistical Association is currently published by American Statistical Association. Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptanceBenjamin Peirce and the Howland Will Paul Meier; Sandy Zabell Journal of the American Statistical

  6. Climate change and superstorm Sandy November 1, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    Climate change and superstorm Sandy linked? November 1, 2012 By Erika Bolstad McClatchy Newspapers WASHINGTON -- There's no clear answer to the scientific debate over whether climate change, including impacts go from Florida to Maine," said Leonard Berry, the director of the Climate Change Initiative

  7. Mad Cows, Hurricane Sandy, and Why We Need Strong Science Assessors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Mad Cows, Hurricane Sandy, and Why We Need Strong Science Assessors bridges vol. 36, December 2012 of Hurricane Sandy. In the 1990s, as the British public became aware that bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE and oversight are necessary. Aerial view of the damage caused by Hurricane Sandy to the New Jersey coast. Source

  8. The design, implementation and testing of data gathering instrumentation for measurement of electromagnetic interference in electric power substations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerloff, Gary Wayne

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING OF DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENTATION FOR MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University... IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Approved as to style and content by: B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee) A. K. A IM Sallie She p rd (Member) August 1983 ABSTRACT The Design, Implementation and Testing of Data...

  9. EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project, Larimer County, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Western Area Power Administration (Western) – with USDA Forest Service, Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest, as a cooperating agency – is preparing an EIS that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to rebuild and upgrade two 115-kilovolt single-circuit transmission lines between the Flatiron Substation and the intersection of Mall Road and U.S. Highway 36 in Estes Park, Larimer County, Colorado. Additional information is available on Western’s project website.

  10. Marys Lake 69/115-kV transmission line upgrade and substation expansion projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Western Area Power Administration (Western) and the Platte River Power Authority (Platte River) propose to upgrade portions of the existing electric transmission and substation system that serves the Town of Estes Park, Colorado. The existing transmission lines between the Estes Power Plant Switchyard and the Marys Lake Substation include a 115,000 volt (115-kV) line and 69,000 volt (69-kV) line. Approximately one mile is a double-circuit 115/69-kV line on steel lattice structures, and approximately two miles consists of separate single-circuit 115-kV and a 69-kV lines, constructed on wood H-Frame structures. Both lines were constructed in 1951 by the US Bureau of Reclamation. The existing transmission lines are on rights-of-way (ROW) that vary from 75 feet to 120 feet and are owned by Western. There are 48 landowners adjacent to the existing ROW. All of the houses were built adjacent to the existing ROW after the transmission lines were constructed. Upgrading the existing 69-kV transmission line between the Marys Lake Substation and the Estes Power Plant Switchyard to 115-kV and expanding the Marys Lake Substation was identified as the most effective way in which to improve electric service to Estes Park. The primary purpose and need of the proposed project is to improve the reliability of electric service to the Town of Estes Park. Lack of reliability has been a historical concern, and reliability will always be less than desired until physical improvements are made to the electrical facilities serving Estes Park.

  11. The varistor protected series capacitors at the 500 KV broadview substation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barcus, J.M. (General Electric Co., Hudson Falls, NY (US)); Miske, S.A. Jr. (General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY (US)); Vitols, A.P. (General Electric Co., Pittsfield, MA (US)); Maynard, H.M. (Montana Power Co., Butte, MT (US)); Peterson, W.G. (Bonneville Power Admin., Portland, OR (US))

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two 235 Mvar series capacitors have been successfully applied at the 500 kV Broadview substation of the Colstrip Transmission Project. The series capacitors have an overvoltage protection system based on metal oxide varistors. The system provides instantaneous bypass and reinsertion of the capacitors following external line section faults. The excellent performance of the equipment was demonstrated during staged fault tests performed in October, 1985. The banks have been in successful operation since January, 1986.

  12. 2000-2011 New York Independent System Operator, Inc. All Rights Reserved. DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES ONLY Hurricane Sandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PURPOSES ONLY Hurricane Sandy Preparations, Response & Recovery Wes Yeomans Vice President ­ Operations

  13. Solving Big Problems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclearHomelandMultivariateSite Map Main MenuPortalSolving Big

  14. Big Eddy-Knight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycle SafetyBig

  15. Big Numbers | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycle SafetyBigCould

  16. Addressing Big Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP) VAP7-0973 1 IntroductionActinideAddingAddress: ~~. . ~L~Big Data

  17. The bigness of things Vaughn Climenhaga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climenhaga, Vaughn

    is . . . a crowd of people? number weight a fish? #12;How big is it? Meaning of "big" depends on what "it" is, and why we care. How big is . . . a crowd of people? number weight a fish? length weight #12;How big is it weight a fish? length weight a city? #12;How big is it? Meaning of "big" depends on what "it" is, and why

  18. Protein Dynamics Hit the Big Screen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Protein Dynamics Hit the Big Screen Protein Dynamics Hit the Big Screen Now playing at a supercomputer near you: proteins in action June 29, 2005 Contact: Dan Krotz,...

  19. Big Sky Trust Fund (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Big Sky Trust Fund reimburses expenses incurred in the purchase, leasing, or relocation of real assets for direct use of the assisted business or employee training costs. A local or tribal...

  20. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyburt, Richard H; Olive, Keith A; Yeh, Tsung-Han

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) describes the production of the lightest nuclides via a dynamic interplay among the four fundamental forces during the first seconds of cosmic time. We briefly overview the essentials of this physics, and present new calculations of light element abundances through li6 and li7, with updated nuclear reactions and uncertainties including those in the neutron lifetime. We provide fits to these results as a function of baryon density and of the number of neutrino flavors, N_nu. We review recent developments in BBN, particularly new, precision Planck cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements that now probe the baryon density, helium content, and the effective number of degrees of freedom, n_eff. These measurements allow for a tight test of BBN and of cosmology using CMB data alone. Our likelihood analysis convolves the 2015 Planck data chains with our BBN output and observational data. Adding astronomical measurements of light elements strengthens the power of BBN. We include a ...

  1. Mead Substation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    20 mph on unimproved access routes. Project vehicles and equipment will be parked on pavement, existing roads, and previously disturbed areas, to the maximum extent feasible. 3....

  2. Abstract--The deployment of IEC61850 standard in the world of substation automation system brings to the use of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract-- The deployment of IEC61850 standard in the world of substation automation system brings to the use of specific strategies for architecture testing. To validate IEC61850 architecture, the first step. The second step consists in validating IEC61850 applications compliance according to the project

  3. A Hardware in the Loop module in an IEC61850 Co-Simulation Platform for advanced substation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Hardware in the Loop module in an IEC61850 Co- Simulation Platform for advanced substation aspects, related to the IEC61850 requirements, should be tested and checked in order to validate architecture. The first aspect consists in validating the conformity of the IEC61850 implementation inside

  4. The Application of Planning to Power Substation Voltage Control Keith Bell, Andrew Coles, Maria Fox, Derek Long and Amanda Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Andrew

    around iterative refinement. 1 Introduction1 The control of electricity distribution is a challenging, a reactive system at the sub- station is used to meet voltage target within this range, set for each time of the day. The reactive system makes use of the adjustable substation components (Wood & Wollenberg 1996

  5. U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS HURRICANE SANDY COASTAL MANAGEMENT DIVISION 130 Wainwright Dr. Fort Hamilton, NY 11209

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS ­ HURRICANE SANDY COASTAL MANAGEMENT DIVISION 130 Wainwright Dr. Fort,000 miles of coastline within the North Atlantic Division that were affected by Hurricane Sandy. The study response to the devastation in the wake of Hurricane Sandy represents a need to address as a regional

  6. Hurricane Sandy Relief Fund for Hunter College DPT Program including donations specified to assist our secretary Mary Cleary.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    Hurricane Sandy Relief Fund for Hunter College DPT Program including donations specified to assist.00 to $200.00 $500 and Higher #12;Hurricane Sandy Relief Fund for Hunter College DPT Program including Anonymous Anonymous Anonymous Christina Antonovich $99.00 to $50.00 #12;Hurricane Sandy Relief Fund

  7. Type B investigation of electrical fault in 351 Substation, December 4, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debban, H.L.; Shearer, C.A.; Boger, R.M.; McDonald, G.P. [ICF Kaiser Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Eyre, L.E.; Dell, L.D.; Kelly, D.S. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On December 4, 1994, at 2132:10 hours, an electrical failure of a cable-tapping splice resulted in a fire in the 300 Area of the DOE Hanford Site. The fire occurred in the yard of Substation 351 in electrical Vault R122V, where the cable-tapping splice was located. The fire incinerated all cables passing to and through the vault causing them to fail. The failure of the cables resulted in a power outage to twenty customers in the 300 Area. The vault was electrically isolated, and power was restored to the electrical distribution system at 2311 hours. This report contains the accident scenario, accident analysis, direct cause and root and contributing causes.

  8. Final environmental assessment for vegetation control at VHF stations, microwave stations, electrical substations, and pole yards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Southwestern Power Adm. operates very high frequency (VHF) and microwave radio stations, electrical substations, and pole yards for electric power transmission throughout AR, MO, and OK. Vegetation growth at the stations must be suppressed for safety of operation and personnel. Southwestern has been using a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control for this purpose; Federally- mandated reductions in staff and budgetary resources require Southwestern to evaluate all potentially efficient methods for vegetation control. Three alternatives were examined: no action, mechanical/manual control, and (proposed) a combination of mechanical/manual and herbicide control. Environmental impacts on air and water quality, wetlands, wildlife, endangered species, archaeological and other resources, farmland, human health, transportation, etc. were evaluated.

  9. Experience in the installation of a microprocessor system for controlling converter units of the Vyborg substation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gusakovskii, K. B.; Zmaznov, E. Yu.; Katantsev, S. V.; Mazurenko, A. K.; Mestergazi, V. A.; Prochan, G. G.; Funtikova, S. F. [High Voltage Direct Current Power Transmission Research Institute (NIIPT) (Russian Federation)

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The experience in the installation of modern digital systems for controlling converter units at the Vyborg converter substation on the basis of advanced microprocessor devices is considered. It is shown that debugging of a control and protection system on mathematical and physical models does not guarantee optimum control of actual converter devices. Examples of advancing the control and protection system are described, the necessity for which has become obvious in tests of actual equipment. Comparison of oscillograms of processes before optimization of the control system and after its optimization and adjustment shows that the digital control system makes it possible to improve substantially the algorithms of control and protection in the short term and without changing the hardware component.

  10. Rice… A Big Business on the Gulf Coast Prairie.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodges, R. J. Jr.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acid -.------------.-----.---------.-----..-------.-- Potash ..-.-_- - .----------------- ------- -- -- ... ------..----------------- Minor Elernents ........................ --------.-------.-.--.-- Fertilizer Recommendations Beaumont Clay...-- -. --- ----- --- ---- - - ----- -- --- - --- - - -- ---- -- --- - . Lake Charles Clay .---..------.------------------------------- Bernard Clay Loam 7 Katy Fine Sandy Loam .---..---.- --------...-............ i Hockley Fine Sandy Loam .....---; ----..-.... 7 Edna Fine Sc~,vdy Loam...

  11. Potential Geomorphic and Ecological Impacts of Marmot Dam Removal, Sandy River, OR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marmot Dam is a 13-meter (42 ft) high hydroelectric diversion dam on the Sandy River that is owned Run Hydroelectric project and began the process of creating a decommissioning plan for the dam

  12. Big data : evolution, components, challenges and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zarate Santovena, Alejandro

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work reviews the evolution and current state of the "Big Data" industry, and to understand the key components, challenges and opportunities of Big Data and analytics face in today business environment, this is analyzed ...

  13. A review of "The Classical Heritage in France." by Gerald Sandy ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahi Zalloua

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tightly main- tained; and the prose lucid. In sum, to the historically-minded reader Harrison offers a confusion?s masterpiece. Gerald Sandy, ed. The Classical Heritage in France. Brill?s Studies in Intellectual History, vol. 109. Leiden: Brill, 2002.... vi + 592 pp. 189 Euros. Review by ZAHI ZALLOUA, WHITMAN COLLEGE. In this edited volume, which brings together a remarkable array of schol- ars across disciplines, Gerald Sandy proposes to study the classical roots of early modern France. Opening...

  14. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  15. Big Explosives Experimental Facility - BEEF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Explosives Experimental Facility or BEEF is a ten acre fenced high explosive testing facility that provides data to support stockpile stewardship and other national security programs. At BEEF conventional high explosives experiments are safely conducted providing sophisticated diagnostics such as high speed optics and x-ray radiography.

  16. Holbrook Substation Superconductor Cable System, Long Island, New York Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maguire, James; McNamara, Joseph

    2010-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The LIPA Superconductor project broke ground on July 4, 2006, was first energized on April 22, 2008 (Earth Day) and was commissioned on June 25, 2008. Since commissioning, up until early March, 2009, there were numerous refrigeration events that impacted steady state operations. This led to the review of the alarms that were being generated and a rewrite of the program logic in order to decrease the hypersensitivity surrounding these alarms. The high temperature superconductor (HTS) cable was energized on March 5, 2009 and ran uninterrupted until a human error during a refrigeration system switchover knocked the cable out of the grid in early February 2010. The HTS cable was in the grid uninterrupted from March 5, 2009 to February 4, 2010. Although there have been refrigeration events (propagated mainly by voltage sags/surges) during this period, the system was able to automatically switch over from the primary to the backup refrigeration system without issue as required during this period. On February 4, 2010, when switching from the backup over to the primary refrigeration system, two rather than one liquid nitrogen pumps were started inadvertently by a human error (communication) causing an overpressure in the cable cooling line. This in turn activated the pressure relief valve located in the grounding substation. The cable was automatically taken out of the grid without any damage to the components or system as a result of signals sent from the AMSC control cabinet to the LIPA substation. The cable was switched back into the grid again on March 16, 2010 without incident and has been operational since that time. Since switching from the backup to the primary is not an automatic process, a recent improvement was added to the refrigeration operating system to allow remote commands to return the system from backup to primary cooling. This improvement makes the switching procedure quicker since travel to the site to perform this operation is no longer necessary and safer since it is now a programmed procedure versus the former written procedure that was still subject to human variation in the process.

  17. 13-12-16 Big Data in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    13-12-16 1 Big Data in Social Networks Ivan Stojmenovic University of Ottawa December 2013 Outline Big Data Big Data in Social Networks 4V in Big Data from Social Networks Harnessing Big Data from Social Networks Small Social Data vs Big Data Community structure Space ­crossing community

  18. Big Bang Day : The Great Big Particle Adventure - 3. Origins

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this series, comedian and physicist Ben Miller asks the CERN scientists what they hope to find. If the LHC is successful, it will explain the nature of the Universe around us in terms of a few simple ingredients and a few simple rules. But the Universe now was forged in a Big Bang where conditions were very different, and the rules were very different, and those early moments were crucial to determining how things turned out later. At the LHC they can recreate conditions as they were billionths of a second after the Big Bang, before atoms and nuclei existed. They can find out why matter and antimatter didn't mutually annihilate each other to leave behind a Universe of pure, brilliant light. And they can look into the very structure of space and time - the fabric of the Universe

  19. EIS-0421: Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BPA is proposing to build a new 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission line in Wasco County, Oregon and Klickitat County, Washington and a new substation in Klickitat County. The new BPA transmission line...

  20. Morphology of rain water channelization in systematically varied model sandy soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Wei; C. M. Cejas; R. Barrois; R. Dreyfus; D. J. Durian

    2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We visualize the formation of fingered flow in dry model sandy soils under different raining conditions using a quasi-2d experimental set-up, and systematically determine the impact of soil grain diameter and surface wetting property on water channelization phenomenon. The model sandy soils we use are random closely-packed glass beads with varied diameters and surface treatments. For hydrophilic sandy soils, our experiments show that rain water infiltrates into a shallow top layer of soil and creates a horizontal water wetting front that grows downward homogeneously until instabilities occur to form fingered flows. For hydrophobic sandy soils, in contrast, we observe that rain water ponds on the top of soil surface until the hydraulic pressure is strong enough to overcome the capillary repellency of soil and create narrow water channels that penetrate the soil packing. Varying the raindrop impinging speed has little influence on water channel formation. However, varying the rain rate causes significant changes in water infiltration depth, water channel width, and water channel separation. At a fixed raining condition, we combine the effects of grain diameter and surface hydrophobicity into a single parameter and determine its influence on water infiltration depth, water channel width, and water channel separation. We also demonstrate the efficiency of several soil water improvement methods that relate to rain water channelization phenomenon, including pre-wetting sandy soils at different level before rainfall, modifying soil surface flatness, and applying superabsorbent hydrogel particles as soil modifiers.

  1. Traffic information computing platform for big data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, Zongtao, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn; Li, Ying, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn; Zheng, Xibin, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn; Liu, Yan, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn; Dai, Jiting, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn; Kang, Jun, E-mail: ztduan@chd.edu.cn [Chang'an University School of Information Engineering, Xi'an, China and Shaanxi Engineering and Technical Research Center for Road and Traffic Detection, Xi'an (China)

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Big data environment create data conditions for improving the quality of traffic information service. The target of this article is to construct a traffic information computing platform for big data environment. Through in-depth analysis the connotation and technology characteristics of big data and traffic information service, a distributed traffic atomic information computing platform architecture is proposed. Under the big data environment, this type of traffic atomic information computing architecture helps to guarantee the traffic safety and efficient operation, more intelligent and personalized traffic information service can be used for the traffic information users.

  2. A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection expertise February 19, 2015 Collaboration project defeats explosives threats through enhanced detection...

  3. Big Data Hits the Beamline

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplexMaterial Science | StanfordBiddingBig Data Hits

  4. Big Sol - Facilities - Cyclotron Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplexMaterial Science | StanfordBiddingBig Data

  5. Fun with Big Sky Learning

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy ForrestalPrincetonF2: JetInnovationFun with Big

  6. A comparison of scent-station surveys and track counts for surveying furbearer populations in the Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stapper, Reginald John

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    counts and scent-station surveys on all study units of BITH. 31 LIST OF TABLES Table Page Mean daily visitation (%) to scent stations by furbearers during 5 quarters (Jan 1987, Apr 1987, Jul 1987, Oct 1987, and Jan 1988) on Beech Creek Unit, BITH.... Furbearer categories are dog-like canid, fox-like canid, raccoon, opossum, and bobcat. 18 Mean daily visitation (%) to scent stations by furbearers during 5 quarters (Jan 1987, Apr 1987, Jul 1987, Oct 1987, and Jan 1988) on Big Sandy Unit, BITH...

  7. Big George to Carter Mountain 115-kV transmission line project, Park and Hot Springs Counties, Wyoming. Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Area Power Administration (Western) is proposing to rebuild, operate, and maintain a 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line between the Big George and Carter Mountain Substations in northwest Wyoming (Park and Hot Springs Counties). This environmental assessment (EA) was prepared in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the regulations of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The existing Big George to Carter Mountain 69-kV transmission line was constructed in 1941 by the US Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, with 1/0 copper conductor on wood-pole H-frame structures without an overhead ground wire. The line should be replaced because of the deteriorated condition of the wood-pole H-frame structures. Because the line lacks an overhead ground wire, it is subject to numerous outages caused by lightning. The line will be 54 years old in 1995, which is the target date for line replacement. The normal service life of a wood-pole line is 45 years. Under the No Action Alternative, no new transmission lines would be built in the project area. The existing 69-kV transmission line would continue to operate with routine maintenance, with no provisions made for replacement.

  8. Formation of a sandy near-bed transport layer from a fine-grained bed under oscillatory flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formation of a sandy near-bed transport layer from a fine-grained bed under oscillatory flow to be an important effect for the formation of ripples and the dynamics of the boundary layer above a predominantly), Formation of a sandy near-bed transport layer from a fine-grained bed under oscillatory flow, J. Geophys

  9. NERSC User Group 2013 Big Bang, Big Data, Big Iron Planck Satellite Data Analysis At NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - Events:00---9:30 Registration a ndDay2013 Big

  10. The IIT Innovators Fueling Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saniie, Jafar

    Making things work. The IIT Innovators Fueling Big Ideas Winter 2012 John P. Calamos sr. Bold Thinking The PlanT How the Zero-Waste System Works researCh Neutron Detection, Dinosaur Collagen, Big Data in our next wave of innovators and leaders, some of whom are featured in this issue. Our students have

  11. Team Akron Brass Ball Bearing Analysis Ryan Bonazza, Jennifer Hyland, Jon Katz, Sandy Risha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Akron Brass ­ Ball Bearing Analysis Ryan Bonazza, Jennifer Hyland, Jon Katz, Sandy Risha frequently; therefore, raised burrs will potentially appear sooner and more often. Team Akron Brass. However, the ball has formed a groove that could be potentially detrimental to the monitor. Our team

  12. Sensor-Based Organizational Engineering Daniel Olgun Olgun and Alex (Sandy) Pentland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sensor-Based Organizational Engineering Daniel Olguín Olguín and Alex (Sandy) Pentland MIT Media in the workplace, combined with data mining techniques and social network analysis for organizational engineering Descriptors H.5.3 [Information Interfaces and Presentation]: Group Organization Interfaces-- Organizational

  13. SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SANDY BEACHES IN WESTERN PORTION OF PUERTO RICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SANDY BEACHES IN WESTERN PORTION OF PUERTO RICO By Gretchen M in GEOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO MAYAGÜEZ CAMPUS 2005 Approved by of the Department #12;ii Abstract Remote sensing applications to beach system in Puerto Rico have been limited

  14. Logo Detection in Document Images Steve Seiden \\Lambda Michael Dillencourt \\Lambda Sandy Irani \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irani, Sandy

    Logo Detection in Document Images Steve Seiden \\Lambda Michael Dillencourt \\Lambda Sandy Irani of classifying segments of bitonal document images according to whether or not they are likely to contain a logo is to analyze electronic documents and to determine their source based on an identifying logo. We divide

  15. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  16. Big Mysteries: The Higgs Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    With the discovery of what looks to be the Higgs boson, LHC researchers are turning their attention to the next big question, which is the predicted mass of the newly discovered particles. When the effects of quantum mechanics is taken into account, the mass of the Higgs boson should be incredibly high...perhaps upwards of a quadrillion times higher than what was observed. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains how it is that the theory predicts that the mass is so large and gives at least one possible theoretical idea that might solve the problem. Whether the proposed idea is the answer or not, this question must be answered by experiments at the LHC or today's entire theoretical paradigm could be in jeopardy.

  17. Evidence of the Big Fix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuta Hamada; Hikaru Kawai; Kiyoharu Kawana

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We give an evidence of the Big Fix. The theory of wormholes and multiverse suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the total entropy at the late stage of the universe is maximized, which we call the maximum entropy principle. In this paper, we discuss how it can be confirmed by the experimental data, and we show that it is indeed true for the Higgs vacuum expectation value $v_{h}$. We assume that the baryon number is produced by the sphaleron process, and that the current quark masses, the gauge couplings and the Higgs self coupling are fixed when we vary $v_{h}$. It turns out that the existence of the atomic nuclei plays a crucial role to maximize the entropy. This is reminiscent of the anthropic principle, however it is required by the fundamental low in our case.

  18. EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota Summary The USDA Rural Utilities Service, with...

  19. Pennsylvania State University Wins Big In Las Vegas: Energy Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pennsylvania State University Wins Big In Las Vegas: Energy Department Crowns Collegiate Wind Competition Champion Pennsylvania State University Wins Big In Las Vegas: Energy...

  20. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts during the second performance period fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed this quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. To date, there has been little research on soil carbon on rangelands, and since rangeland constitutes a major land use in the Big Sky region, this is important in achieving a better understanding of terrestrial sinks. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO{sub 2} concentrations. Progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations. A series of meetings held during the second quarter have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding the implementation of a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. Finally, the education and outreach efforts have resulted in a comprehensive plan and process which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. While we are still working on the public website, we have made many presentations to stakeholders and policy makers, connections to other federal and state agencies concerned with GHG emissions, climate change, and efficient and environmentally-friendly energy production. In addition, we have laid plans for integration of our outreach efforts with the students, especially at the tribal colleges and at the universities involved in our partnership. This includes collaboration with the film and media arts departments at MSU, with outreach effort

  1. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts during the first performance period fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first Partnership meeting the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Complementary to the efforts on evaluation of sources and sinks is the development of the Big Sky Partnership Carbon Cyberinfrastructure (BSP-CC) and a GIS Road Map for the Partnership. These efforts will put in place a map-based integrated information management system for our Partnership, with transferability to the national carbon sequestration effort. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but other policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long term viability. A series of meetings held in November and December, 2003, have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding the implementation of a market-based setting for soil C credits. These include the impact of existing local, state, and federal permitting issues for terrestrial based carbon sequestration projects, consistency of final protocols and planning standards with national requirements, and alignments of carbon sequestration projects with existing federal and state cost-share programs. Finally, the education and outreach efforts during this performance period have resulted in a comprehensive plan which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. The primary goal of this plan is to increase awareness, understanding, and public acceptance of sequestration efforts and build support for a constituent based network which includes the initial Big Sky Partnership and other local and regional businesses and entities.

  2. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies and assessment frameworks; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. The groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. Efforts are underway to showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies.

  3. 11.123 Big Plans, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Monchaux, John

    This course explores social, technological, political, economic, and cultural implications of "Big Plans" in the urban context. Local and international case studies (such as Boston's Central Artery and Curitiba, Brazil's ...

  4. A resource complex for Sandy Neck Beach : an exploration in building on an ever-changing land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solarz, Cynthia L. (Cynthia Lynne)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an exploration into a spit of land, called Sandy Neck Beach on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. It is a barrier beach system which is experiencing many changes. These changes are manifest not only in its physical ...

  5. EA-2003: Sandy River Delta Section 536 Ecosystem Restoration Project, Multnomah County, Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, with DOE’s Bonneville Power Administration as a cooperating agency, prepared an EA that assessed the potential environmental impacts of the proposed removal of a dam from the east channel of the Sandy River. The proposal would help fulfill a portion of the 2010-2013 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Implementation Plan to improve estuary habitat for salmon and steelhead species listed under the Endangered Species Act.

  6. Comparison of lines of corn selected on Lufkin fine sandy loam and Norwood silt loam with and without commercial fertilizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAfee, Thomas Edison

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPARISON OF LINES OF CORN SELE CTED ON LUFKIN FINE SANDY LOAM AND NORWOOD SILT LOAM WITH AND WITHOUT COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER A Dissertation By Thomas Edison MoAfee Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Heac...Kor Department May, 1953 COMPARISON OF LINES OF CORN SELECTED ON LUFKIN FINE SANDY LOAM AND NORWOOD SILT LOAM WITH AND WITHOUT COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER By Thomas Edison McAfee 111 A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural...

  7. The effect of sulfur, magnesium, and various rates of potassium on forage production in some sandy soils of East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landua, Dennis Paul

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF SULFUR, MAGNESIUM, AND VARIOUS RATES OF POTASSIUM ON FORAGE PRODUCTION IN SOME SANDy SOILS OF EAST TEXAS A Thesis by DENNIS PAUL LANDUA Submitted to the Graduate Collccje of Texas AFM Unive, sity in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Ma 1969 Major Subject Soil Chemistr THE EFFECT OF SULFUR, MAGNESIUM, AND VARIOUS RATES OF POTASSIUM ON FORAGE PRODUCTION IN SOME SANDY SOILS OF EAST TEXAS A Thesis by DENNIS PAUL LANDUA Approved...

  8. Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies and assessment frameworks; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. The groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO2 utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research agenda in Carbon Sequestration. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other DOE regional partnerships. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Deliverables for the 7th Quarter reporting period include (1) for the geological efforts: Reports on Technology Needs and Action Plan on the Evaluation of Geological Sinks and Pilot Project Deployment (Deliverables 2 and 3), and Report on the Feasibility of Mineralization Trapping in the Snake River Plain Basin (Deliverable 14); (2) for the terrestrial efforts: Report on the Evaluation of Terrestrial Sinks and a Report of the Best Production Practices for Soil C Sequestration (Deliverables 8 and 15). In addition, the 7th Quarter activities for the Partnership included further development of the proposed activities for the deployment and demonstration phase of the carbon sequestration pilots including geological and terrestrial pilots, expansion of the Partnership to encompass regions and institutions that are complimentary to the steps we have identified, building greater collaborations with industry and stakeholders in the region, contributed to outreach efforts that spanned all partnerships, co-authorship on the Carbon Capture and Separation report, and developed a regional basis to address future energy opportunities in the region. The deliverables and activities are discussed in the following sections and appended to this report. The education and outreach efforts have resulted in a comprehensive plan which serves as a guide for implementing the outreach activities under Phase I. The public website has been expanded and integrated with the GIS carbon atlas. We have made presentations to stakeholders and policy makers including two tribal sequestration workshops, and made connections to other federal and state agencies concerned with GHG emissions, climate change, and efficient and environmental

  9. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. During the third quarter, planning efforts are underway for the next Partnership meeting which will showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks, discuss the methods and analysis underway for assessing geological and terrestrial sequestration potentials. The meeting will conclude with an ASME workshop. The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed in the second quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO{sub 2} concentrations. While no key deliverables were due during the third quarter, progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations and in this report. A series of meetings held during the second and third quarters have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding carbon sequestration in this region, the need for a holistic approach to meeting energy demands and economic development potential, and the implementation of government programs or a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. In the fourth quarter, three deliverables have been completed, some in draft form to be revised and updated to include Wyoming. This is due primarily to some delays in funding to LANL and INEEL and the approval of a supplemental proposal to include Wyoming in much of the GIS data sets, analysis, and related materials. The de

  10. BIG SKY CARBON SEQUESTRATION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan M. Capalbo

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership fall into four areas: evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks; development of GIS-based reporting framework; designing an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies; and initiating a comprehensive education and outreach program. At the first two Partnership meetings the groundwork was put in place to provide an assessment of capture and storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that would complement the ongoing DOE research. During the third quarter, planning efforts are underway for the next Partnership meeting which will showcase the architecture of the GIS framework and initial results for sources and sinks, discuss the methods and analysis underway for assessing geological and terrestrial sequestration potentials. The meeting will conclude with an ASME workshop (see attached agenda). The region has a diverse array of geological formations that could provide storage options for carbon in one or more of its three states. Likewise, initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil C on forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Both options include the potential for offsetting economic benefits to industry and society. Steps have been taken to assure that the GIS-based framework is consistent among types of sinks within the Big Sky Partnership area and with the efforts of other western DOE partnerships. Efforts are also being made to find funding to include Wyoming in the coverage areas for both geological and terrestrial sinks and sources. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts begun in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological sequestration reflect this concern. Research is also underway to identify and validate best management practices for soil C in the Partnership region, and to design a risk/cost effectiveness framework to make comparative assessments of each viable sink, taking into account economic costs, offsetting benefits, scale of sequestration opportunities, spatial and time dimensions, environmental risks, and long-term viability. Scientifically sound information on MMV is critical for public acceptance of these technologies. Two key deliverables were completed in the second quarter--a literature review/database to assess the soil carbon on rangelands, and the draft protocols, contracting options for soil carbon trading. The protocols developed for soil carbon trading are unique and provide a key component of the mechanisms that might be used to efficiently sequester GHG and reduce CO2 concentrations. While no key deliverables were due during the third quarter, progress on other deliverables is noted in the PowerPoint presentations and in this report. A series of meetings held during the second and third quarters have laid the foundations for assessing the issues surrounding carbon sequestration in this region, the need for a holistic approach to meeting energy demands and economic development potential, and the implementation of government programs or a market-based setting for soil C credits. These meetings provide a connection to stakeholders in the region and a basis on which to draw for the DOE PEIS hearings. A third Partnership meeting has been planned for August 04 in Idaho Falls; a preliminary agenda is attached.

  11. Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susan Capalbo

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University, is comprised of research institutions, public entities and private sectors organizations, and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes and the Nez Perce Tribe. Efforts under this Partnership in Phase I are organized into four areas: (1) Evaluation of sources and carbon sequestration sinks that will be used to determine the location of pilot demonstrations in Phase II; (2) Development of GIS-based reporting framework that links with national networks; (3) Design of an integrated suite of monitoring, measuring, and verification technologies, market-based opportunities for carbon management, and an economic/risk assessment framework; (referred to below as the Advanced Concepts component of the Phase I efforts) and (4) Initiation of a comprehensive education and outreach program. As a result of the Phase I activities, the groundwork is in place to provide an assessment of storage capabilities for CO{sub 2} utilizing the resources found in the Partnership region (both geological and terrestrial sinks), that complements the ongoing DOE research agenda in Carbon Sequestration. The geology of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Region is favorable for the potential sequestration of enormous volume of CO{sub 2}. The United States Geological Survey (USGS 1995) identified 10 geologic provinces and 111 plays in the region. These provinces and plays include both sedimentary rock types characteristic of oil, gas, and coal productions as well as large areas of mafic volcanic rocks. Of the 10 provinces and 111 plays, 1 province and 4 plays are located within Idaho. The remaining 9 provinces and 107 plays are dominated by sedimentary rocks and located in the states of Montana and Wyoming. The potential sequestration capacity of the 9 sedimentary provinces within the region ranges from 25,000 to almost 900,000 million metric tons of CO{sub 2}. Overall every sedimentary formation investigated has significant potential to sequester large amounts of CO{sub 2}. Simulations conducted to evaluate mineral trapping potential of mafic volcanic rock formations located in the Idaho province suggest that supercritical CO{sub 2} is converted to solid carbonate mineral within a few hundred years and permanently entombs the carbon. Although MMV for this rock type may be challenging, a carefully chosen combination of geophysical and geochemical techniques should allow assessment of the fate of CO{sub 2} in deep basalt hosted aquifers. Terrestrial carbon sequestration relies on land management practices and technologies to remove atmospheric CO{sub 2} where it is stored in trees, plants, and soil. This indirect sequestration can be implemented today and is on the front line of voluntary, market-based approaches to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. Initial estimates of terrestrial sinks indicate a vast potential for increasing and maintaining soil Carbon (C) on rangelands, and forested, agricultural, and reclaimed lands. Rangelands can store up to an additional 0.05 mt C/ha/yr, while the croplands are on average four times that amount. Estimates of technical potential for soil sequestration within the region in cropland are in the range of 2.0 M mt C/yr over 20 year time horizon. This is equivalent to approximately 7.0 M mt CO{sub 2}e/yr. The forestry sinks are well documented, and the potential in the Big Sky region ranges from 9-15 M mt CO{sub 2} equivalent per year. Value-added benefits include enhanced yields, reduced erosion, and increased wildlife habitat. Thus the terrestrial sinks provide a viable, environmentally beneficial, and relatively low cost sink that is available to sequester C in the current time frame. The Partnership recognizes the critical importance of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies to support not only carbon trading but all policies and programs that DOE and other agencies may want to pursue in support of GHG mitigation. The efforts in developing and implementing MMV technologies for geological and terrestrial sequestration re

  12. Big Data + Big Compute = An Extreme Scale Marriage for Smarter Science?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    University choudhar@eecs.northwestern.edu Founder and President Voxsup Inc: A Big Data Science Company +1 312 of new material © Alok Choudhary 3 #12;4© Alok Choudhary h8p://science.energy, application, storage? · An application can be data intensive without being I/O intensive · (Big) Data

  13. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  14. Proposed amendment to presidential permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada. [Forbes Substation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company's (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP's original amendment request remain valid.

  15. Type B Accident Investigation of the Serious Personal Injury while Doble Testing at the Western Area Power Administration Hayden Substation, May 19, 1999

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 19, 1999, at 10:31 a.m., four Western Area Power Administration (Western) employees were performing Doble testing on a circuit breaker at Hayden Substation in Routt County, Colorado. Three electricians were injured when the high-voltage lead (HVL) of the Doble test set encroached on the minimum approach distance to an energized part outside clearance boundaries, drawing arcing faults.

  16. Little Big Horn River Water Quality Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bad Bear, D.J.; Hooker, D. [Little Big Horn Coll., Crow Agency, MT (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Water Quality Project on the Little Big horn River during the summer of 1995. The majority of the summer was spent collecting data on the Little Big Horn River, then testing the water samples for a number of different tests which was done at the Little Big Horn College in Crow Agency, Montana. The intention of this study is to preform stream quality analysis to gain an understanding of the quality of selected portion of the river, to assess any impact that the existing developments may be causing to the environment and to gather base-line data which will serve to provide information concerning the proposed development. Citizens of the reservation have expressed a concern of the quality of the water on the reservation; surface waters, ground water, and well waters.

  17. Effective dynamics of the matrix big bang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craps, Ben [Theoretische Natuurkunde, Vrije Universiteit Brussel and International Solvay Institutes, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Rajaraman, Arvind [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Sethi, Savdeep [Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the leading quantum effects in the recently introduced matrix big bang model. This amounts to a study of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory compactified on the Milne orbifold. We find a one-loop potential that is attractive near the big bang. Surprisingly, the potential decays very rapidly at late times where it appears to be generated by D-brane effects. Usually, general covariance constrains the form of any effective action generated by renormalization group flow. However, the form of our one-loop potential seems to violate these constraints in a manner that suggests a connection between the cosmological singularity and long wavelength, late time physics.

  18. Big Tree Climate Fund | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBigWindTree

  19. BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain Berkeley Researchers and Supercomputers to Help Create a Standard 3D Neuron...

  20. The Politics of European Collaboration in Big Olof Hallonsten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bongartz, Klaus

    politics. Keywords Big Science · CERN · Common market · European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOMThe Politics of European Collaboration in Big Science Olof Hallonsten Abstract Intergovernmental outside of the political integration work of the European Community/Union, which has resulted

  1. ICME & MGI Big Area Additive Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICME & MGI · Big Area Additive Manufacturing · Neutron Characterization for AM · Materials problems in additive manu- facturing (AM). Additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3-D) printing of the world's most advanced neu- tron facilities, the HFIR and SNS, to characterize additive manufactured

  2. Space Time Quantization and the Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. G. Sidharth

    1998-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent cosmological model is recapitulated which deduces the correct mass, radius and age of the universe as also the Hubble constant and other well known apparently coincidental relations. It also predicts an ever expanding accelerating universe as is confirmed by latest supernovae observations. Finally the Big Bang model is recovered as a suitable limiting case.

  3. Visualizing Distributed Data with BigWig and BigBed at UCSC (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Kent, Jim [UCSC

    2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Jim Kent from University of California, Santa Cruz presents on "Visualizing Distributed Data with BigWig and BigBed at UCSC" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.

  4. Study on small-strain behaviours of methane hydrate sandy sediments using discrete element method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Yanxin; Cheng Yipik [Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, University College London (UCL), Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Xu Xiaomin; Soga, Kenichi [Geotechnical and Environmental Research Group, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1PZ (United Kingdom)

    2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Methane hydrate bearing soil has attracted increasing interest as a potential energy resource where methane gas can be extracted from dissociating hydrate-bearing sediments. Seismic testing techniques have been applied extensively and in various ways, to detect the presence of hydrates, due to the fact that hydrates increase the stiffness of hydrate-bearing sediments. With the recognition of the limitations of laboratory and field tests, wave propagation modelling using Discrete Element Method (DEM) was conducted in this study in order to provide some particle-scale insights on the hydrate-bearing sandy sediment models with pore-filling and cementation hydrate distributions. The relationship between shear wave velocity and hydrate saturation was established by both DEM simulations and analytical solutions. Obvious differences were observed in the dependence of wave velocity on hydrate saturation for these two cases. From the shear wave velocity measurement and particle-scale analysis, it was found that the small-strain mechanical properties of hydrate-bearing sandy sediments are governed by both the hydrate distribution patterns and hydrate saturation.

  5. Big Crunch-based omnidirectional light concentrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igor I. Smolyaninov; Yu-Ju Hung

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Omnidirectional light concentration remains an unsolved problem despite such important practical applications as design of efficient mobile photovoltaic cells. Optical black hole designs developed recently offer partial solution to this problem. However, even these solutions are not truly omnidirectional since they do not exhibit a horizon, and at large enough incidence angles light may be trapped into quasi-stationary orbits around such imperfect optical black holes. Here we propose and realize experimentally another gravity-inspired design of a broadband omnidirectional light concentrator based on the cosmological Big Crunch solutions. By mimicking the Big Crunch spacetime via corresponding effective optical metric we make sure that every photon world line terminates in a single point.

  6. Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration : Annual Report, January 2008 - March 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobson, Robin [USDA Forest Service, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area

    2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    During the period 2008-2009, there were 2 contracts with BPA. One (38539) was dealing with the restoration work for 2007 and the other (26198) was an extension on the 2006 contract including the NEPA for Dam removal on the old channel of the Sandy River. For contract 38539, the Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration project continued its focus on riparian hardwood reforestation with less emphasis on wetlands restoration. Emphasis was placed on Sundial Island again due to the potential removal of the dike and the loss of access in the near future. AshCreek Forest Management was able to leverage additional funding from grants to help finance the restoration effort; this required a mid year revision of work funded by BPA. The revised work not only continued the maintenance of restored hardwood forests, but was aimed to commence the restoration of the Columbia River Banks, an area all along the Columbia River. This would be the final restoration for Sundial Island. The grant funding would help achieve this. Thus by 2011, all major work will have been completed on Sundial Island and the need for access with vehicles would no longer be required. The restored forests continued to show excellent growth and development towards true riparian gallery forests. Final inter-planting was commenced, and will continue through 2010 before the area is considered fully restored. No new wetland work was completed. The wetlands were filled by pumping in early summer to augment the water levels but due to better rainfall, no new fuel was required to augment existing. Monitoring results continued to show very good growth of the trees and the restoration at large was performing beyond expectations. Weed problems continue to be the most difficult issue. The $100,000 from BPA planned for forest restoration in 2008, was augmented by $25,000 from USFS, $120,000 from OR150 grant, $18,000 from LCREP, and the COE continued to add $250,000 for their portion. Summary of the use of these funds are displayed in Table 1 (page 5). Work on the restoration of the original Sandy River channel (dam removal, contract 26198) continued slowly. The draft EA was completed and sent out for review. The COE has decided to finish the NEPA with the intent to complete the project.

  7. U.S. HURRICANE DAMAGE CAN RISING LEVELS OF CO2 BE ASSOCIATED WITH SANDY'S MASSIVE DESTRUCTION?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birner, Thomas

    1 U.S. HURRICANE DAMAGE ­ CAN RISING LEVELS OF CO2 BE ASSOCIATED WITH SANDY'S MASSIVE Atlantic basin hurricane activity undergoes large yearly and multidecadal variability. A large portion of this variability, particularly the variability of the major or Category 345 hurricanes, is directly related

  8. Nitrogen limiation and nitrogen fixation during alkane biodegradation in a sandy soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toccalino, P.L.; Johnson, R.L.; Boone, D.R. (Oregon Graduate Institute of Science Technology, Portland, OR (United States))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaking underground storage tanks are a significant source of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in soils and ground water. Hydrocarbon biodegradation studies have been conducted in both ground water and topsoil regions, but few studies have been done on the unsaturated zone between these two. This study examines the effects of Nitrogen on propane and butane biodegradiations in an unsaturated sandy soil. Results indicate that nitrogen additions initially stimulated both propane and butane oxidizing organisms in the soil, but that propane-amended soil became N limited whereas butane-amended soil eventually overcame its N limitations by fixing Nitrogen and that nitrogen fixing organisms grew in butane amended but not in propane amended soil. 27 refs., 6 figs.

  9. MOBILIZATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COLLOIDS GENERATED FROM CEMENT LEACHATES MOVING THROUGH A SRS SANDY SEDIMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, D.; Roberts, K.; Kaplan, D.; Seaman, J.

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Naturally occurring mobile colloids are ubiquitous and are involved in many important processes in the subsurface zone. For example, colloid generation and subsequent mobilization represent a possible mechanism for the transport of contaminants including radionuclides in the subsurface environments. For colloid-facilitated transport to be significant, three criteria must be met: (1) colloids must be generated; (2) contaminants must associate with the colloids preferentially to the immobile solid phase (aquifer); and (3) colloids must be transported through the groundwater or in subsurface environments - once these colloids start moving they become 'mobile colloids'. Although some experimental investigations of particle release in natural porous media have been conducted, the detailed mechanisms of release and re-deposition of colloidal particles within natural porous media are poorly understood. Even though this vector of transport is known, the extent of its importance is not known yet. Colloid-facilitated transport of trace radionuclides has been observed in the field, thus demonstrating a possible radiological risk associated with the colloids. The objective of this study was to determine if cementitious leachate would promote the in situ mobilization of natural colloidal particles from a SRS sandy sediment. The intent was to determine whether cementitious surface or subsurface structure would create plumes that could produce conditions conducive to sediment dispersion and mobile colloid generation. Column studies were conducted and the cation chemistries of influents and effluents were analyzed by ICP-OES, while the mobilized colloids were characterized using XRD, SEM, EDX, PSD and Zeta potential. The mobilization mechanisms of colloids in a SRS sandy sediment by cement leachates were studied.

  10. Big Canyon Creek Ecological Restoration Strategy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasmussen, Lynn; Richardson, Shannon

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    He-yey, Nez Perce for steelhead or rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), are a culturally and ecologically significant resource within the Big Canyon Creek watershed; they are also part of the federally listed Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS. The majority of the Big Canyon Creek drainage is considered critical habitat for that DPS as well as for the federally listed Snake River fall chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) ESU. The Nez Perce Soil and Water Conservation District (District) and the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management-Watershed (Tribe), in an effort to support the continued existence of these and other aquatic species, have developed this document to direct funding toward priority restoration projects in priority areas for the Big Canyon Creek watershed. In order to achieve this, the District and the Tribe: (1) Developed a working group and technical team composed of managers from a variety of stakeholders within the basin; (2) Established geographically distinct sub-watershed areas called Assessment Units (AUs); (3) Created a prioritization framework for the AUs and prioritized them; and (4) Developed treatment strategies to utilize within the prioritized AUs. Assessment Units were delineated by significant shifts in sampled juvenile O. mykiss (steelhead/rainbow trout) densities, which were found to fall at fish passage barriers. The prioritization framework considered four aspects critical to determining the relative importance of performing restoration in a certain area: density of critical fish species, physical condition of the AU, water quantity, and water quality. It was established, through vigorous data analysis within these four areas, that the geographic priority areas for restoration within the Big Canyon Creek watershed are Big Canyon Creek from stream km 45.5 to the headwaters, Little Canyon from km 15 to 30, the mainstem corridors of Big Canyon (mouth to 7km) and Little Canyon (mouth to 7km). The District and the Tribe then used data collected from the District's stream assessment and inventory, utilizing the Stream Visual Assessment Protocol (SVAP), to determine treatment necessary to bring 90% of reaches ranked Poor or Fair through the SVAP up to good or excellent. In 10 year's time, all reaches that were previously evaluated with SVAP will be reevaluated to determine progress and to adapt methods for continued success. Over 400 miles of stream need treatment in order to meet identified restoration goals. Treatments include practices which result in riparian habitat improvements, nutrient reductions, channel condition improvements, fish habitat improvements, invasive species control, water withdrawal reductions, improved hydrologic alterations, upland sediment reductions, and passage barrier removal. The Nez Perce Soil and Water Conservation District (District) and the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resource Management Watershed Division (Tribe) developed this document to guide restoration activities within the Big Canyon Creek watershed for the period of 2008-2018. This plan was created to demonstrate the ongoing need and potential for anadromous fish habitat restoration within the watershed and to ensure continued implementation of restoration actions and activities. It was developed not only to guide the District and the Tribe, but also to encourage cooperation among all stakeholders, including landowners, government agencies, private organizations, tribal governments, and elected officials. Through sharing information, skills, and resources in an active, cooperative relationships, all concerned parties will have the opportunity to join together to strengthen and maintain a sustainable natural resource base for present and future generations within the watershed. The primary goal of the strategy is to address aquatic habitat restoration needs on a watershed level for resident and anadromous fish species, promoting quality habitat within a self-sustaining watershed. Seven objectives have been developed to support this goal: (1) Identify factors limiting quality

  11. Big Thicket National Preserve: Trails to the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Luke; Allen, Chris; Elrod, Leah; Forbes, Melissa; Harbin, Hannah; Stromm, Diann

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , put timber companies out of business, and drive small towns to bankruptcy. 9 In 1964, the Big Thicket Association of Texas was formed to replace the failed East Texas Big Thicket Association. The new association worked hard to draw powerful...., 307. 16 Ibid., 336. 17 Ibid., 214-215. 18 Ibid., 298-299. 19 Gunter, The Big Thicket: An Ecological Reevaluation (Denton: University of North Texas Press), 48. 20 Cozine, 308. 21 Gunter, 76. 22 Ibid. 23 Ibid., 167. 24 Ibid., 109...

  12. Mathematical programming approach to tighten a Big-$M$ formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Crema

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 7, 2014 ... Abstract: In this paper we present a mathematical programming approach to tighten a Big-$M$ formulation ($P_M$) of a Mixed Integer Problem ...

  13. A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unveils explosives detection expertise A different Big Bang theory: Los Alamos unveils explosives detection expertise A team of scientists is now rolling out a collaborative...

  14. LDRD symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    symposium focuses on materials in extremes, big data, and energy use impacts | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing...

  15. Data, Feedback, & Awareness Lead to Big Energy Savings | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Data, Feedback, & Awareness Lead to Big Energy Savings Fact sheet describes how the Navy Region Southwest Metro San Diego Area (NRSMSD) regional energy management team achieved...

  16. aura laser big: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Build Data Sets for Data Mining, Data & Knowledge Engineering (DKE), 2014, Elsevier. DBMS 12 Ordonez, Carlos 208 Systems for Big-Graphs Arijit Khan Computer Technologies and...

  17. african big cities: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Build Data Sets for Data Mining, Data & Knowledge Engineering (DKE), 2014, Elsevier. DBMS 12 Ordonez, Carlos 238 Systems for Big-Graphs Arijit Khan Computer Technologies and...

  18. assessment big canyon: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Build Data Sets for Data Mining, Data & Knowledge Engineering (DKE), 2014, Elsevier. DBMS 12 Ordonez, Carlos 237 Systems for Big-Graphs Arijit Khan Computer Technologies and...

  19. The Next Big Thing - Eric Haseltine

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Eric Haseltine

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Eric Haseltine, Haseltine Partners president and former chief of Walt Disney Imagineering, presented "The Next Big Thing," on Sept. 11, at the ORNL. He described the four "early warning signs" that a scientific breakthrough is imminent, and then suggested practical ways to turn these insights into breakthrough innovations. Haseltine is former director of research at the National Security Agency and associate director for science and technology for the director of National Intelligence, former executive vice president of Walt Disney Imagineering and director of engineering for Hughes Aircraft. He has 15 patents in optics, special effects and electronic media, and more than 100 publications in science and technical journals, the web and Discover Magazine.

  20. Big Geysers Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot

  1. Big Horn 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2 Jump to:

  2. Big Brothers needed in Northern New Mexico

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycle SafetyBig Brothers

  3. Substation Equipment Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. . ~0sFailureSubscribe to NewsInnovation

  4. Review: Eco-Business: A Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laberge, Yves

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability By Peter Dauvergne andA Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MITA Big-Brand Takeover of Sustainability is a very important

  5. Synoptic Observing Programs at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar Observatory in China, and will explore collaboration with observatories in Canary Island to extendSynoptic Observing Programs at Big Bear Solar Observatory Haimin Wang and Philip R. Goode Big Bear Solar Observatory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA Abstract. New Jersey

  6. Determination of soil properties for sandy soils and road base at Riverside Campus using laboratory testing and numerical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saez Barrios, Deeyvid O.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    : Chair of Committee, Jean-Louis Briaud Committee Members, Charles Aubeny Julian Kang Head of Department, John Niedzwecki Major Subject: Civil Engineering iii ABSTRACT Determination of Soil Properties of Sandy... Soils and Road Base at Riverside Campus Using Laboratory Testing and Numerical Simulation. (May 2010) Deeyvid Oscar Saez Barrios, B.En., Technological University of Panama Chair of Advisory Committee: Jean-Louis Briaud This study evaluated...

  7. Big Problems. Big Results. Energy demands, environmental impacts, and national security are some of America's toughest challenges.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Big Problems. Big Results. Energy demands, environmental impacts, and national security are some interaction physics. » PNNL is driven to help increase U.S. energy capacity and reduce our dependence on imported oil. Collaborating with our partners, we are developing ways to use today's energy sources more

  8. Astrogenomics: big data, old problems, old solutions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Aaron; Greally, John M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ominous warnings of a `data deluge' in the life sciences from high-throughput DNA sequencing data are being supplanted by a second deluge, of cliches bemoaning our collective scientific fate unless we address the genomic data `tsunami'. It is imperative that we explore the many facets of the genome, not just sequence but also transcriptional and epigenetic variability, integrating these observations in order to attain a genuine understanding of how genes function, towards a goal of genomics-based personalized medicine. Determining any individual's genomic properties requires comparison to many others, sifting out the specific from the trends, requiring access to the many in order to yield information relevant to the few. This is the central big data challenge in genomics that still requires some sort of resolution. Is there a practical, feasible way of directly connecting the scientific community to this data universe? The best answer could be in the stars overhead.

  9. Research Activities at Fermilab for Big Data Movement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mhashilkar, Parag; Wu, Wenji; Kim, Hyun W; Garzoglio, Gabriele; Dykstra, Dave; Slyz, Marko; DeMar, Phil

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptation of 100GE Networking Infrastructure is the next step towards management of Big Data. Being the US Tier-1 Center for the Large Hadron Collider's (LHC) Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment and the central data center for several other large-scale research collaborations, Fermilab has to constantly deal with the scaling and wide-area distribution challenges of the big data. In this paper, we will describe some of the challenges involved in the movement of big data over 100GE infrastructure and the research activities at Fermilab to address these challenges.

  10. People's Physics Book Ch 7-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 7-1 The Big Idea The universe has many remarkable qualities, among them;People's Physics Book Ch 7-2 as just the two cars. In this case, internal forces include

  11. Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A small New York City startup is hoping it has the next big solution in energy storage. A video documents what the company's breakthrough means for the future of grid-scale energy storage.

  12. Joint NSRC Workshop 2015: Big, Deep, and Smart Data Analytics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Break 11:00 - 12:30 Morning session 2 T4 (i): E. Stach (BNL), Creating a Big Data Ecosystem at the Brookhaven National Laboratory: Successes, challenges and needs T5 (i): J....

  13. Big and Small Ideas: How to Lower Solar Financing Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE hosted the "Big & Small Ideas: How to Lower Solar Financing Costs" breakout session during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum. This session explored a range of...

  14. Demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Big Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert DeCarrera

    2007-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Technical Report provides an account of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific LLC's Big Island, VA facility. This report covers the period from May 5, 2000 through November 30, 2006.

  15. The seasonality of aerosol properties in Big Bend National Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Christopher Lee

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    ), to characterize the seasonal variability of the Big Bend regions aerosol optical properties. Mass extinction efficiencies and relative humidity scattering enhancement factors were calculated for both externally and internally mixed aerosol populations for all size...

  16. EIS-0377: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A systems study was carried out to identify the most appropriate locations to interconnect the proposed Big Stone II power plant to the regional utility grid. The study also identified transmission...

  17. Effects of a torsion field on Big Bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Brüggen

    1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper it is investigated whether torsion, which arises naturally in most theories of quantum gravity, has observable implications for the Big Bang nucleosynthesis. Torsion can lead to spin flips amongst neutrinos thus turning them into sterile neutrinos. In the early Universe they can alter the helium abundance which is tightly constrained by observations. Here I calculate to what extent torsion of the string theory type leads to a disagreement with the Big Bang nucleosynthesis predictions.

  18. Does Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks with another spike in gasoline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    with another spike in gasoline prices and their reported record profits. Some months ago, during the last gasoline price spike, Congress summoned the executives of the Big Oil companies to testify aboutDoes Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks

  19. "NH Big Tree of the Month February 2007" White Pine Pinus Strobus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    perfect for ship masts. Considered the best masts in the world, they were like gold to the shipbuilders growth that averages about a foot a year. But on optimum sites of sandy loam, with sun, and plenty

  20. Classical and quantum Big Brake cosmology for scalar field and tachyonic models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamenshchik, A. Yu. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia and INFN, Via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna (Italy) and L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin str. 2, 119334 Moscow (Russian Federation); Manti, S. [Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy)

    2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a relation between the cosmological singularities in classical and quantum theory, comparing the classical and quantum dynamics in some models possessing the Big Brake singularity - the model based on a scalar field and two models based on a tachyon-pseudo-tachyon field . It is shown that the effect of quantum avoidance is absent for the soft singularities of the Big Brake type while it is present for the Big Bang and Big Crunch singularities. Thus, there is some kind of a classical - quantum correspondence, because soft singularities are traversable in classical cosmology, while the strong Big Bang and Big Crunch singularities are not traversable.

  1. Analysis of Subsidence Data for the Big Hill Site, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, Stephen J.

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elevation change data measured at the Big Hill SPR site over the last 10 years has been studied and a model utilized to project elevation changes into the future. The subsidence rate at Big Hill is low in comparison with other Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites and has decreased with time due to the maintenance of higher operating pressures and the normal decrease in creep closure rate of caverns with time. However, the subsidence at the site is projected to continue. A model was developed to project subsidence values 20 years into the future; no subsidence related issues are apparent from these projections.

  2. Big Bend Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance | OpenBetterBiBBBigBigBig

  3. Big Flat Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot SpringsBig

  4. Big Smile Wind Farm (Dempsey Ridge) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBig

  5. Big Spring I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBigWind Farm

  6. Big Spring II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big CreekBigWind

  7. Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |BigBig Windy (Great

  8. Growing Potatoes Soil Potatoes are adapted to a wide range of soil types, though a deep, well-drained sandy loam is ideal.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Growing Potatoes Soil Potatoes are adapted to a wide range of soil types, though a deep, well to plant earlier. If irrigation is available, sandy soil will produce a good potato crop. Poorly drained contribute to tuber rot. Grow potatoes in soils with a pH of 5.2 to 5.5 to prevent potato scab. If the level

  9. Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City Taking Battery Technology from the Lab to the Big City Addthis Duration 2:08 Topic Smart Grid Storage Innovation...

  10. First-Ever Energy Open Data Roundtable Catalyzes Value of Big...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    First-Ever Energy Open Data Roundtable Catalyzes Value of Big Data Revolution for Energy Sector First-Ever Energy Open Data Roundtable Catalyzes Value of Big Data Revolution for...

  11. Nevada: Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Nevada: Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential Nevada: Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential August 21, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Utilizing a 1...

  12. OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets OpenMSI: A Science Gateway to Sort Through Bio-Imaging's Big Datasets August 27, 2013 | Tags: Basic Energy...

  13. Energy Efficiency Upgrades Make a Big Difference to a Small Organizati...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Upgrades Make a Big Difference to a Small Organization Energy Efficiency Upgrades Make a Big Difference to a Small Organization Photo of a man and woman standing outside...

  14. Beyond Myopic Inference in Big Data Pipelines Karthik Raman, Adith Swaminathan, Johannes Gehrke, Thorsten Joachims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    ]: Learning General Terms Algorithms, Experimentation, Theory Keywords Big Data Pipelines, Modular Design Detection & Recognition pipeline. creation, model construction, testing, and visualization. In orderBeyond Myopic Inference in Big Data Pipelines Karthik Raman, Adith Swaminathan, Johannes Gehrke

  15. Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs April 16, 2013 - 12:20pm Addthis Located near...

  16. Analysis of geothermal electric-power generation at Big Creek Hot Springs, Lemhi County, Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Struhsacker, D.W. (ed.)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big Creek Hot Springs was evaluated as a source of electrical power for the Blackbird Cobalt Mine, approximately 13 miles south of the hot spring. An evaluaton of the geothermal potential of Big Creek Hot Springs, a suggested exploration program and budget, an engineering feasibility study of power generation at Big Creek Hot Springs, an economic analysis of the modeled power generating system, and an appraisal of the institutional factors influencing development at Big Creek Hot Springs are included.

  17. Illegal Pathways to Illegal Profits: The Big Cigarette Companies and International Smuggling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Illegal Pathwaysto Illegal Profits The Big Cigarette Companies andfor Tobacco-Free Kids Illegal Pathways to Illegal Profits

  18. President's Teaching Scholar Program Big Ideas Program: An Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    (if there is interest in doing so.) Phase I of our process is taking stock. What germs of Big Ideas to try to push the idea process at this year's Fall retreat, and thereafter. We'll take some time are we all carrying around? Are their past or current projects we can build on? We'll do this stock

  19. People's Physics Book Ch13-1 The Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch13-1 The Big Ideas: The name electric current is given to the phenomenon of the power source, you need the total resistance of the circuit and the total current: Vtotal = ItotalRtotal. · Power is the rate that energy is released. The units for power are Watts (W), which equal Joules per

  20. People's Physics Book Ch 21-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 21-1 The Big Idea The nuclei of atoms are affected by three forces, the breaking apart of nuclei and it is responsible for atom bombs and nuclear power. A form of fission, where/tH #12;People's Physics Book Ch 21-2 Key Concepts · Some of the matter on Earth is unstable

  1. People's Physics book Ch 2-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics book Ch 2-1 The Big Idea Energy is a measure of the amount of, or potential for, often by heat or sound waves. #12;People's Physics book Ch 2-2 Key Applications · In "roller coaster of the bonding energy into energy that is used to power the body. This energy goes on to turn into kinetic energy

  2. People's Physics Book Ch 16-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 16-1 The Big Idea Modern circuitry depends on much more than just elements. An active circuit element needs an external source of power to operate. This differentiates them. base emitter collector Diodes have an arrow showing the direction of the flow. #12;People's Physics

  3. People's Physics Book Ch 8-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book Ch 8-1 The Big Idea When any two bodies in the universe interact, they can an initial configuration and the final configuration · P = E/t Power delivered to or from a system components are conserved. #12;People's Physics Book Ch 8-2 Key Concepts · Impulse is how momentum

  4. BIG BEAR SOLAR OBSERVATORY CENTER FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BIG BEAR SOLAR OBSERVATORY CENTER FOR SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH Faculty Position in Solar Physics, New Jersey Institute of Technology A tenure track faculty position in solar physics is available of NJIT's program in solar physics, visit http://solar.njit.edu. Applicants are required to have a Ph

  5. Big Data ja vakuutustoiminta Oulun yliopisto 28.1.2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klemelä, Jussi

    Frame insurance Analysis mProfit performance analysis OneFactor asset management mRisk market risk management 3 #12;Data-driven Decisions (1/2) · McKinsey Global Institute: "Big Data: The next frontier for innovation, competition and productivity," June 2011: · Visualization, a key tool for understanding very

  6. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous radiometer, which seems to be a good method. The often neglected photosynthetic heat storage may heat storage are a re- sult of complex changes of several climatic parameters. Due to the high degree

  7. Hydroliquefaction of Big Brown lignite in supercritical fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hui

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big Brown lignite was liquefied in a fixed bed tube reactor. Three solvents were used in the liquefaction studies, toluene, cyclohexane and methanol. Two co-solvents, tetralin and water were used with toluene. The effects of the solvents and co...

  8. Bringing Big Systems to Small Schools: Distributed Systems for Undergraduates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, Jeannie

    Bringing Big Systems to Small Schools: Distributed Systems for Undergraduates Jeannie R. Albrecht Williams College Williamstown, MA 01267 jeannie@cs.williams.edu ABSTRACT Distributed applications have, especially at small colleges, do not offer courses that focus on the design and implementation of distributed

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angilletta, Michael

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal regimes and their potential (Oncorhynchus spp.) across portions of their natural range, dams have arguably played a major role in many locations (NRC 1996; Lichatowich 1999; Ruckelshaus et al. 2002). Large dams (>15 m tall)­ designed

  10. Small Buildings = Big Opportunity for Energy Savings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small buildings have a big impact on energy use. In the United States, 44.6 million small buildings consume 44% of the overall energy used in buildings, presenting an enormous opportunity to cut costs, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions.

  11. SHADING CALCULATIONS FOR THE BIG DISH Jeff Cumpston1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], building the 'SG4' 500m2 Big Dish solar paraboloidal concentrator for solar-thermal to electric energy shading fraction in an array of two-axis tracking collectors. Annual shading on the SG4 dish included transport network, these losses may be reduced by closely spacing collectors within the array. Another form

  12. How Big Is the World Wide Web? Adrian Dobra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How Big Is the World Wide Web? Adrian Dobra Department of Statistics Carnegie Mellon University of sound proce­ dures for assessing the size of the World Wide Web. The problem is compounded by the fact that sampling directly from the Web is not possible. Several groups of re­ searchers have found sampling schemes

  13. The Social Consequences of Keeping a BIG Secret

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mankoff, Jennifer

    The Social Consequences of Keeping a BIG Secret Yla R. Tausczik Cindy K. Chung James W. Pennebaker Secret? #12;Secrets #12;Hypotheses Individual Level Social Withdrawal Hypothesis OR Hypervigilance Hypothesis System Level Secrets will alter relationships, with or without others knowing about the secret

  14. Big Bayou Creek and Little Bayou Creek Watershed Monitoring Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kszos, L.A.; Peterson, M.J.; Ryon; Smith, J.G.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biological monitoring of Little Bayou and Big Bayou creeks, which border the Paducah Site, has been conducted since 1987. Biological monitoring was conducted by University of Kentucky from 1987 to 1991 and by staff of the Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from 1991 through March 1999. In March 1998, renewed Kentucky Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (KPDES) permits were issued to the US Department of Energy (DOE) and US Enrichment Corporation. The renewed DOE permit requires that a watershed monitoring program be developed for the Paducah Site within 90 days of the effective date of the renewed permit. This plan outlines the sampling and analysis that will be conducted for the watershed monitoring program. The objectives of the watershed monitoring are to (1) determine whether discharges from the Paducah Site and the Solid Waste Management Units (SWMUs) associated with the Paducah Site are adversely affecting instream fauna, (2) assess the ecological health of Little Bayou and Big Bayou creeks, (3) assess the degree to which abatement actions ecologically benefit Big Bayou Creek and Little Bayou Creek, (4) provide guidance for remediation, (5) provide an evaluation of changes in potential human health concerns, and (6) provide data which could be used to assess the impact of inadvertent spills or fish kill. According to the cleanup will result in these watersheds [Big Bayou and Little Bayou creeks] achieving compliance with the applicable water quality criteria.

  15. Progress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Progress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory C. Denkera, P. R, Newark, NJ 07102, U.S.A. bBig Bear Solar Observatory, 40386 North Shore Lane, Big Bear City, CA 92314, U.S.A. cSeoul National University, School of Earth and Environmental Science, Seoul, 151-742 Republic

  16. How to use Big Data technologies to optimize operations in Upstream Petroleum Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    How to use Big Data technologies to optimize operations in Upstream Petroleum Industry Abdelkader generated by the Petroleum Industry and particularly its upstream segment? Upstream is no stranger to Big the desired outcomes? Keywords Big Data; Analytics; Upstream Petroleum Industry; Knowledge Management; KM

  17. 2013 Mark S. Fox City Data: Big, Open and Linked 1 City Data: Big, Open and Linked

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . They are publishing data using Open Data standards, linking data from disparate sources, allowing the crowd to update their data with Smart Phone Apps that use Open APIs, and applying "Big Data" analytics to discover on data. They are publishing data using Open Data standards, linking data from disparate sources, allowing

  18. EA-1617: Lovell-Yellowtail and Basin-Lovell Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Big Horn County, Wyoming, and Big Horn and Carbon Counties, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE’s Western Area Power Administration prepared this EA and a finding of no significant impact for a proposal to rebuild the Lovell-Yellowtail (LV-YT) No. 1 and No. 2 115-kV transmission lines, located in Big Horn County, Wyoming, and Big Horn and Carbon Counties in Montana, and the Basin-Lovell 115-kV transmission line in Big Horn County, Wyoming.

  19. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  20. Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis verifies classical Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Q. Hou; J. J. He; A. Parikh; K. Daid; C. Bertulani

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide the most stringent constraint to date on possible deviations from the usually-assumed Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) velocity distribution for nuclei in the Big-Bang plasma. The impact of non-extensive Tsallis statistics on thermonuclear reaction rates involved in standard models of Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) has been investigated. We find that the non-extensive parameter $q$ may deviate by, at most, $|\\delta q|$=6$\\times$10$^{-4}$ from unity for BBN predictions to be consistent with observed primordial abundances; $q$=1 represents the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. This constraint arises primarily from the {\\em super}sensitivity of endothermic rates on the value of $q$, which is found for the first time. As such, the implications of non-extensive statistics in other astrophysical environments should be explored. This may offer new insight into the nucleosynthesis of heavy elements.

  1. Big Bang Day: 5 Particles - 3. The Anti-particle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Simon Singh looks at the stories behind the discovery of 5 of the universe's most significant subatomic particles: the Electron, the Quark, the Anti-particle, the Neutrino and the "next particle". 3. The Anti-particle. It appears to be the stuff of science fiction. Associated with every elementary particle is an antiparticle which has the same mass and opposite charge. Should the two meet and combine, the result is annihilation - and a flash of light. Thanks to mysterious processes that occurred after the Big Bang there are a vastly greater number of particles than anti-particles. So how could their elusive existence be proved? At CERN particle physicists are crashing together subatomic particles at incredibly high speeds to create antimatter, which they hope will finally reveal what happened at the precise moment of the Big Bang to create the repertoire of elementary particles and antiparticles in existence today.

  2. Supernova bangs as a tool to study big bang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blinnikov, S. I., E-mail: Sergei.Blinnikov@itep.ru [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts are the most powerful explosions in observed Universe. This educational review tells about supernovae and their applications in cosmology. It is explained how to understand the production of light in the most luminous events with minimum required energy of explosion. These most luminous phenomena can serve as primary cosmological distance indicators. Comparing the observed distance dependence on red shift with theoretical models one can extract information on evolution of the Universe from Big Bang until our epoch.

  3. The State of the Art in Supporting "Big Data"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliva, Aude

    of investigation · Startups in this space · If there is any achilles heel in big data, this is it! #12;10 DBMS Security · Works well -- i.e. I have never heard of the DBMS screwing up in this area. #12;11 Encryption · Can be entrusted to the DBMS -- Appropriate when there are many clients sharing data -- Don't want

  4. Constraining Big Bang lithium production with recent solar neutrino data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takács, Marcell P; Szücs, Tamás; Zuber, Kai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be reaction affects not only the production of 7Li in Big Bang nucleosynthesis, but also the fluxes of 7Be and 8B neutrinos from the Sun. This double role is exploited here to constrain the former by the latter. A number of recent experiments on 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be provide precise cross section data at E = 0.5-1.0 MeV center-of-mass energy. However, there is a scarcity of precise data at Big Bang energies, 0.1-0.5 MeV, and below. This problem can be alleviated, based on precisely calibrated 7Be and 8B neutrino fluxes from the Sun that are now available, assuming the neutrino flavour oscillation framework to be correct. These fluxes and the standard solar model are used here to determine the 3He(alpha,gamma)7Be astrophysical S-factor at the solar Gamow peak, S(23+6-5 keV) = 0.548+/-0.054 keVb. This new data point is then included in a re-evaluation of the 3He({\\alpha},{\\gamma})7Be S-factor at Big Bang energies, following an approach recently developed for this reaction in the c...

  5. Three dimensional simulation for Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Park, Byoung Yoon; Sobolik, Steven Ronald (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Lee, Moo Yul (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3-D finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the structural integrity of caverns located at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve's Big Hill site. State-of-art analyses simulated the current site configuration and considered additional caverns. The addition of 5 caverns to account for a full site and a full dome containing 31 caverns were modeled. Operations including both normal and cavern workover pressures and cavern enlargement due to leaching were modeled to account for as many as 5 future oil drawdowns. Under the modeled conditions, caverns were placed very close to the edge of the salt dome. The web of salt separating the caverns and the web of salt between the caverns and edge of the salt dome were reduced due to leaching. The impacts on cavern stability, underground creep closure, surface subsidence and infrastructure, and well integrity were quantified. The analyses included recently derived damage criterion obtained from testing of Big Hill salt cores. The results show that from a structural view point, many additional caverns can be safely added to Big Hill.

  6. Sundial Substation Site Baxter Road Substation Site Casey Road

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer. .Energy8 Career DaySunShot News

  7. C-CAMP BIRAC-BIG 1st CALL ENTREPRENEUR VALEDICTORY MENTORING PROGRAMME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhalla, Upinder S.

    .05: Introductions 7.05 ­ 7.35: 5 minute Presentations by BIG Grantees o Achira Labs o Codon Biosciences o Pandorum.30 ­ 1.00 pm: Presentations by BIG Grantees 15 mins each followed by 15 mins of interactions Scientific.30: Vikas Mehra 12.30 ­ 1.00: Sea6 Energy 1.00 ­ 2.00: Lunch 2.00 ­ 3.30: Presentations by BIG Grantees (con

  8. DEMONSTRATION OF BLACK LIQUOR GASIFICATION AT BIG ISLAND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert DeCarrera

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This Technical Progress Report provides an account of the status of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific Corporation's Big Island, VA facility. The report also includes budget information and a milestone schedule. The project to be conducted by G-P is a comprehensive, complete commercial-scale demonstration that is divided into two phases. Phase I is the validation of the project scope and cost estimate. Phase II is project execution, data acquisition and reporting, and consists of procurement of major equipment, construction and start-up of the new system. Phase II also includes operation of the system for a period of time to demonstrate the safe operation and full integration of the energy and chemical recovery systems in a commercial environment. The objective of Phase I is to validate the process design and to engineer viable solutions to any technology gaps. This phase includes engineering and planning for the integration of the full-scale MTCI/StoneChem PulseEnhanced{trademark} black liquor steam-reformer chemical recovery system into G-P's operating pulp and paper mill at Big Island, Virginia. During this phase, the scope and cost estimate will be finalized to confirm the cost of the project and its integration into the existing system at the mill. The objective of Phase II of the project is the successful and safe completion of the engineering, construction and functional operation of the fully integrated full-scale steam reformer process system. This phase includes installation of all associated support systems and equipment required for the enhanced recovery of both energy and chemicals from all of the black liquor generated from the pulping process at the Big Island Mill. The objective also includes operation of the steam reformer system to demonstrate the ability of the system to operate reliably and achieve designed levels of energy and chemical recovery while maintaining environmental emissions at or below the limits set by the environmental permits.

  9. Historical narratives of Big Chico Creek Watershed Alliance and Butte Creek Watershed Conservancy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Mary Ann; Matz, Mike

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passage on Upper Butte Creek: An Assessment of the NaturalHistorical Narratives of Big Chico Creek Watershed Allianceand Butte Creek Watershed Conservancy Mary Ann King and Mike

  10. Black Rocks, Brown Clouds and the Borderlands: Air Quality and the Making of the Big Bend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donez, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nick. 2005. Far Out Far West Texas. Texas Observer, Decembervarious locations in west Texas (Green et al. 2000, Faulknerthe Big Bend,” or “west Texas,” referring to this extensive

  11. Performance of First- and Second-Order Methods for Big Data ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimon Fountoulakis

    2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 11, 2015 ... Performance of First- and Second-Order Methods for Big Data Optimization. Kimon Fountoulakis(K.Fountoulakis ***at*** sms.ed.ac.uk)

  12. Science DMZ-Based Big-Science Pacific Research Platform Debuts...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science DMZ-Based Big-Science Pacific Research Platform Debuts at CENIC 2015 Annual Conference News & Publications ESnet News Media & Press Publications and Presentations Galleries...

  13. af low-tar big: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Build Data Sets for Data Mining, Data & Knowledge Engineering (DKE), 2014, Elsevier. DBMS 12 Ordonez, Carlos 333 Systems for Big-Graphs Arijit Khan Computer Technologies and...

  14. Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the baryonic content of the universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. X. Thuan; Y. I. Izotov

    2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of the latest measurements of the primordial abundances of the light nuclei D, 3He, 4He and 7Li is given. We discuss in particular the primordial abundance Yp of 4He as measured in blue compact dwarf galaxies. We argue that the best measurements now give a ``high'' value of Yp along with a ``low'' value of D/H, and that the two independent measurements are consistent within the framework of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis with a number of light neutrino species Nnu = 3.0+/-0.3 (2sigma).

  15. Big Savings on Outdoor Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand Sustained CoordinationWater10Big Savings on

  16. Next Big Idea coming September 14-15

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337,2April 2013 ESH&SNext Big Idea Coming

  17. The Big Picture on Process Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for Pumping System EfficiencyRole(EAP)Energy TheThe Big

  18. Big Bend Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance | OpenBetterBiBBBigBig

  19. Big Creek Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot Springs

  20. Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2 Jump

  1. Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2 JumpRural

  2. Big Horn Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2

  3. Big Rapids, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek Hot2(Redirected

  4. Big River, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big Creek

  5. Big Wind Power Project (Lanai) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes JumpMaintenance |Big

  6. Big Hopes for Little Tubes: Local Collaboration Produces Nanotubes That

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycle SafetyBigCould Work

  7. Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership--Validation Phase

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycleBig Science:Program

  8. Big changes for the Jefferson Lab campus | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycleBig

  9. Big wins at NERSC hack-a-thon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycleBigOptimization

  10. Big Green Bus: A Vehicle for Change | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The Big Green Bus rolled into Washington, D.C., and parked

  11. Big Things from Small Beginnings | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'s ReplyApplicationCommittee | DepartmentDesign BasisBig Savings on

  12. The Big Picture on Process Heating | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic| DepartmentDepartment ofTankTest(EAP)Summer 2011June 2012The Big

  13. BigNeuron: Unlocking the Secrets of the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplexMaterial Science | StanfordBiddingBig

  14. Models from Big Molecules Captured in a Flash

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A.Model Verification andModelingModels from Big

  15. Primordial Lithium Abundance in Catalyzed Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Bird; Kristen Koopmans; Maxim Pospelov

    2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a well known problem with the Li7+Be7 abundance predicted by standard big bang nucleosynthesis being larger than the value observed in population II stars. The catalysis of big bang nucleosynthesis by metastable, \\tau_X \\ge 10^3 sec, charged particles X^- is capable of suppressing the primordial Li7+Be7, abundance and making it consistent with the observations. We show that to produce the correct abundance, this mechanism of suppression places a requirement on the initial abundance of X^- at temperatures of 4\\times 10^8 K to be on the order of or larger than 0.02 per baryon, which is within the natural range of abundances in models with metastable electroweak-scale particles. The suppression of Li7+Be7, is triggered by the formation of (Be7X^-), compound nuclei, with fast depletion of their abundances by catalyzed proton reactions, and in some models by direct capture of X^- on Be7. The combination of Li7+Be7 and Li6 constraints favours the window of lifetimes, 1000s \\la tau_X \\leq 2000 s.

  16. Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobocinski, Kathryn; Johnson, Gary; Sather, Nichole [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the first annual report for the study titled 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River'. Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of the 2007-2009 Tidal Freshwater Monitoring Study is to answer the following questions: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE; Figure 1) are yearling and subyearling salmonids found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions?1 And, what is the ecological importance2 of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of Upper Columbia River spring Chinook salmon and steelhead and Snake River fall Chinook salmon? Research in 2007 focused mainly on the first question, with fish stock identification data providing some indication of Chinook salmon presence at the variety of habitat types sampled. The objectives and sub-objectives for the 2007 study were as follows: (1) Habitat and Fish Community Characteristics-Provide basic data on habitat and fish community characteristics for yearling and subyearling salmonids at selected sites in the tidal freshwater reach in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (1a) Characterize vegetation assemblage percent cover, conventional water quality, substrate composition, and beach slope at each of six sampling sites in various tidal freshwater habitat types. (1b) Determine fish community characteristics, including species composition, abundance, and temporal and spatial distributions. (1c) Estimate the stock of origin for the yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon captured at the sampling sites using genetic analysis. (1d) Statistically assess the relationship between salmonid abundance and habitat parameters, including ancillary variables such as temperature and river stage. (2) Acoustic Telemetry Monitoring-Assess feasibility of applying Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) technology to determine migration characteristics from upriver of Bonneville Dam through the study area (vicinity of the Sandy River delta/Washougal River confluence). (2a) Determine species composition, release locations, and distributions of JSATS-tagged fish. (2b) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for these fish. Additionally, both objectives serve the purpose of baseline research for a potential tidal rechannelization project on the Sandy River. The U.S. Forest Service, in partnership with the Bonneville Power Administration and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, is currently pursuing reconnection of the east (relict) Sandy River channel with the current channel to improve fish and wildlife habitat in the Sandy River delta. Our study design and the location of sampling sites in this reach provide baseline data to evaluate the potential restoration.

  17. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lovell, Basin, and Buffalo Bill Substations, Control Building Rehabilitation P1ojects Big Horn and Park Counties, Wyoming A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power...

  18. Too Big or Too Small? The PTB-PTS ICMP-based Attack against IPsec Gateways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Too Big or Too Small? The PTB-PTS ICMP-based Attack against IPsec Gateways Ludovic Jacquin Inria the "Packet Too Big"-"Packet Too Small" ICMP based attack against IPsec gateways. We explain how an attacker in use, the attack either creates a Denial of Service or major performance penalties. This attack

  19. The Telescope Control System of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mirror (M1) and its alignment with the secondary mirror (M2) will be actively controlled. HighThe Telescope Control System of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory G. Yang*a, J of Technology, 323 Martin Luther King Blvd., Newark, NJ 07104; bBig Bear Solar Observatory, 40386 North Shore

  20. Effects of humidity on storing big sagebrush seed. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Welch, B.L.

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data support the conclusion that big sagebrush seed should not be stored in environments having humidities above 32 to 40 percent. Some humidities may even dry seed to a greater degree than when first placed in storage. Force-air seed driers should not heat big sagebrush seed over 60 degrees C.

  1. HoustonChronicle.com -Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist HoustonChronicle.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Hae Jin

    HoustonChronicle.com - Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist HoustonChronicle. com Section-mail this story June 18, 2005, 5:48PM Tiny honor a big deal for algae scientist By DAVID A. FAHRENTHOLD Washington Post Sometimes, algae can be the highest form of flattery. ADVERTISEMENTSo it was for Diane K. Stoecker

  2. Yale's Environment School Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Introduction Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Xuhui

    Yale's Environment School · Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Introduction Power Plants Big Influence in Regional Mercury Emissions Related Topics: News Releases; Publications winters and a correspondent decrease in the need for regional power plants to burn coal could partially

  3. How to use Big Data technologies to optimize operations in Upstream Petroleum Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    How to use Big Data technologies to optimize operations in Upstream Petroleum Industry Abdelkader for it to have value. But what about Big Data generated by the Petroleum Industry and particularly its upstream; Analytics; Upstream Petroleum Industry; Knowledge Management; KM; Business Intelligence; BI; Innovation

  4. Building Simulation Modelers are we big-data ready?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in computing and sensor technologies have pushed the amount of data we collect or generate to limits previously unheard of. Sub-minute resolution data from dozens of channels is becoming increasingly common and is expected to increase with the prevalence of non-intrusive load monitoring. Experts are running larger building simulation experiments and are faced with an increasingly complex data set to analyze and derive meaningful insight. This paper focuses on the data management challenges that building modeling experts may face in data collected from a large array of sensors, or generated from running a large number of building energy/performance simulations. The paper highlights the technical difficulties that were encountered and overcome in order to run 3.5 million EnergyPlus simulations on supercomputers and generating over 200 TBs of simulation output. This extreme case involved development of technologies and insights that will be beneficial to modelers in the immediate future. The paper discusses different database technologies (including relational databases, columnar storage, and schema-less Hadoop) in order to contrast the advantages and disadvantages of employing each for storage of EnergyPlus output. Scalability, analysis requirements, and the adaptability of these database technologies are discussed. Additionally, unique attributes of EnergyPlus output are highlighted which make data-entry non-trivial for multiple simulations. Practical experience regarding cost-effective strategies for big-data storage is provided. The paper also discusses network performance issues when transferring large amounts of data across a network to different computing devices. Practical issues involving lag, bandwidth, and methods for synchronizing or transferring logical portions of the data are presented. A cornerstone of big-data is its use for analytics; data is useless unless information can be meaningfully derived from it. In addition to technical aspects of managing big data, the paper details design of experiments in anticipation of large volumes of data. The cost of re-reading output into an analysis program is elaborated and analysis techniques that perform analysis in-situ with the simulations as they are run are discussed. The paper concludes with an example and elaboration of the tipping point where it becomes more expensive to store the output than re-running a set of simulations.

  5. Big Data Frequent Pattern Mining David C. Anastasiu and Jeremy Iverson and Shaden Smith and George Karypis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karypis, George

    Big Data Frequent Pattern Mining David C. Anastasiu and Jeremy Iverson and Shaden Smith and George with today, the so-called "Big Data". Web log data from social media sites such as Twitter produce over one

  6. Assessing decision inputs in drug development between small, early stage companies and big pharma : is there is a difference?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rippy, Daniel S. (Daniel Spensley)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The pipeline productivity challenge facing large, publicly traded pharmaceutical companies, collectively referred to as "Big Pharma," is well known. The unprecedented success Big Pharma achieved over the past few decades ...

  7. 9/18/09 2:09 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy -Physical Science Page 1 of 3http://scienceblips.dailyradar.com/story/big_wave_theory_offers_alternative_to_dark_energy/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:09 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy - Physical Science Page 1 of 3http://scienceblips.dailyradar.com/story/big_wave_theory_offers_alternative_to_dark_energy/ Gadget.com - 30 days ago 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy -- Mathematicians have proposed

  8. Text-Alternative Version of Building America Webinar: Low-e Storms: The Next "Big Thing" in Window Retrofits

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Low-e Storms:  The Next “Big Thing” in Window RetrofitsOfficial Webinar Transcript (September 9, 2014)

  9. Big Data Visual Analytics for Exploratory Earth System Simulation Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Ricciuto, Daniel M [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Smith, Brian E [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL; Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Williams, Dean N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid increases in high performance computing are feeding the development of larger and more complex data sets in climate research, which sets the stage for so-called big data analysis challenges. However, conventional climate analysis techniques are inadequate in dealing with the complexities of today s data. In this paper, we describe and demonstrate a visual analytics system, called the Exploratory Data analysis ENvironment (EDEN), with specific application to the analysis of complex earth system simulation data sets. EDEN represents the type of interactive visual analysis tools that are necessary to transform data into insight, thereby improving critical comprehension of earth system processes. In addition to providing an overview of EDEN, we describe real-world studies using both point ensembles and global Community Land Model Version 4 (CLM4) simulations.

  10. Constraints on Neutrino Oscillations from Big Bang Nucleosynethesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Shi; D. N. Schramm; B. D. Fields

    1993-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss in detail the effect of neutrino oscillations in Big Bang nucleosynthesis, between active and sterile neutrinos, as well as between active and active neutrinos. We calculate the constraints on mixings between active and sterile neutrinos from the present observation of the primordial helium abundance and discuss the potential implications on various astrophysical and cosmological problems of such oscillations. In particular, we show that large angle sterile neutrino mixing seems to be excluded as a MSW solution to the solar neutrino situation or a solution to the atmospheric neutrino mixing hinted at in some underground experiments. We show how with this constraint, the next generation of solar neutrino experiments should be able to determine the resolution of the solar neutrino problem. It is also shown how sterile neutrinos remain a viable dark matter candidate.

  11. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with Independent Neutrino Distribution Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christel J. Smith; George M. Fuller; Michael S. Smith

    2008-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed new Big Bang Nucleosynthesis calculations which employ arbitrarily-specified, time-dependent neutrino and antineutrino distribution functions for each of up to four neutrino flavors. We self-consistently couple these distributions to the thermodynamics, the expansion rate and scale factor-time/temperature relationship, as well as to all relevant weak, electromagnetic, and strong nuclear reaction processes in the early universe. With this approach, we can treat any scenario in which neutrino or antineutrino spectral distortion might arise. These scenarios might include, for example, decaying particles, active-sterile neutrino oscillations, and active-active neutrino oscillations in the presence of significant lepton numbers. Our calculations allow lepton numbers and sterile neutrinos to be constrained with observationally-determined primordial helium and deuterium abundances. We have modified a standard BBN code to perform these calculations and have made it available to the community.

  12. Anti-Proton Evolution in Little Bangs and Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Schade; B. Kampfer

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The abundances of anti-protons and protons are considered within momentum-integrated Boltzmann equations describing Little Bangs, i.e., fireballs created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Despite of a large anti-proton annihilation cross section we find a small drop of the ratio of anti-protons to protons from 170 MeV (chemical freeze-out temperature) till 100 MeV (kinetic freeze-out temperature) for CERN-SPS and BNL-RHIC energies thus corroborating the solution of the previously exposed "ani-proton puzzle". In contrast, the Big Bang evolves so slowly that the anti-baryons are kept for a long time in equilibrium resulting in an exceedingly small fraction. The adiabatic path of cosmic matter in the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter is mapped out.

  13. Effect of hydrogel particle additives on water-accessible pore structure of sandy soils: A custom pressure plate apparatus and capillary bundle model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Wei; D. J. Durian

    2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    To probe the effects of hydrogel particle additives on the water-accessible pore structure of sandy soils, we introduce a custom pressure plate method in which the volume of water expelled from a wet granular packing is measured as a function of applied pressure. Using a capillary bundle model, we show that the differential change in retained water per pressure increment is directly related to the cumulative cross-sectional area distribution $f(r)$ of the water-accessible pores with radii less than $r$. This is validated by measurements of water expelled from a model sandy soil composed of 2 mm diameter glass beads. In particular, the expelled water is found to depend dramatically on sample height and that analysis using the capillary bundle model gives the same pore size distribution for all samples. The distribution is found to be approximately log-normal, and the total cross-sectional area fraction of the accessible pore space is found to be $f_0=0.34$. We then report on how the pore distribution and total water-accessible area fraction are affected by superabsorbent hydrogel particle additives, uniformly mixed into a fixed-height sample at varying concentrations. Under both fixed volume and free swelling conditions, the total area fraction of water-accessible pore space in a packing decreases exponentially as the gel concentration increases. The size distribution of the pores is significantly modified by the swollen hydrogel particles, such that large pores are clogged while small pores are formed.

  14. Asynchronous Object Storage with QoS for Scientific and Commercial Big Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brim, Michael J [ORNL] [ORNL; Dillow, David A [ORNL] [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL] [ORNL; Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Feiyi [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents our design for an asynchronous object storage system intended for use in scientific and commercial big data workloads. Use cases from the target workload do- mains are used to motivate the key abstractions used in the application programming interface (API). The architecture of the Scalable Object Store (SOS), a prototype object stor- age system that supports the API s facilities, is presented. The SOS serves as a vehicle for future research into scalable and resilient big data object storage. We briefly review our research into providing efficient storage servers capable of providing quality of service (QoS) contracts relevant for big data use cases.

  15. Big Data for Disease Control: Interdisciplinary approaches to data linkage and management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Shona Jane

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The source of tremendous promise and unsettling surveillance alike, the term ‘Big Data’ has attracted substantial public attention in recent years, garnering widespread press coverage and debate in equal measure. In reality ...

  16. The Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decay of the Neutron or Beta Decay, the Big Bang, and the Left-Handed Universe Apr 03 2014 01:00 PM - 02:30 PM Geoffrey L. Greene Physics Division, ORNL Research Accelerator...

  17. Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw's Research on Space-Time GIS, Human Dynamics and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    1 Dr. Shih-Lung Shaw's Research on Space-Time GIS, Human Dynamics and Big Data for Geography Department's Faculty Research Highlight October 12, 2014 Shih-Lung Shaw, Ph.D. Alvin and Sally Beaman

  18. Black Rocks, Brown Clouds and the Borderlands: Air Quality and the Making of the Big Bend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donez, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    including choking pollution in Mexico City. They dismissedpollution issues in the Big Bend region of the Texas-Mexicopollution in the park probably originated not only from northern Mexico

  19. A p p e n d i x G Big Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    for video and audio scripts, a print news story template, and a short Big Production postproduction survey Production Toolbox. The toolbox materials--a 6 Media Questions sheet, a storyboard template, templates

  20. Stochastic approximation vis-a-vis online learning for big data analytics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannakis, Georgios

    big data applications such as real-time medical imaging, smart cities, network state visualization and anomaly detection (e.g., in the power grid and the Internet), health informatics for personalized

  1. Microsoft Word - CX-Big Eddy-Redmond-WoodPolesFY13_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Big Eddy-Redmond No. 1 Wood Pole...

  2. Big Bang Day : Afternoon Play - Torchwood: Lost Souls

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Martha Jones, ex-time traveller and now working as a doctor for a UN task force, has been called to CERN where they're about to activate the Large Hadron Collider. Once activated, the Collider will fire beams of protons together recreating conditions a billionth of a second after the Big Bang - and potentially allowing the human race a greater insight into what the Universe is made of. But so much could go wrong - it could open a gateway to a parallel dimension, or create a black hole - and now voices from the past are calling out to people and scientists have started to disappear... Where have the missing scientists gone? What is the secret of the glowing man? What is lurking in the underground tunnel? And do the dead ever really stay dead? Lost Souls is a spin-off from the award-winning BBC Wales TV production Torchwood. It stars John Barrowman, Freema Agyeman, Eve Myles, Gareth David-Lloyd, Lucy Montgomery (of Titty Bang Bang) and Stephen Critchlow.

  3. Too Big to Fail in the Local Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison-Kimmel, Shea; Bullock, James S; Kirby, Evan N

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the dynamical masses of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group (LG) to the predicted masses of halos in the ELVIS suite of $\\Lambda$CDM simulations, a sample of 48 Galaxy-size hosts, 24 of which are in paired configuration similar to the LG. We enumerate unaccounted-for dense halos ($V_\\mathrm{max} \\gtrsim 25$ km s$^{-1}$) in these volumes that at some point in their histories were massive enough to have formed stars in the presence of an ionizing background ($V_\\mathrm{peak} > 30$ km s$^{-1}$). Within 300 kpc of the Milky Way, the number of unaccounted-for massive halos ranges from 2 - 25 over our full sample. Moreover, this "too big to fail" count grows as we extend our comparison to the outer regions of the Local Group: within 1.2 Mpc of either giant we find that there are 12-40 unaccounted-for massive halos. This count excludes volumes within 300 kpc of both the MW and M31, and thus should be largely unaffected by any baryonically-induced environmental processes. According to abundance matching -- s...

  4. Baghouse Slipstream Testing at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jason Laumb; Robert Jensen; Jeffery Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Brandon Pavlish; Stanley Miller; Lucinda Hamre

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Performing sorbent testing for mercury control at a large scale is a very expensive endeavor and requires months of planning and careful execution. Even with good planning, there are plant limitations on what operating/design parameters can be varied/tested and when. For parameters that cannot be feasibly tested at the full scale (lower/higher gas flow, different bag material, cleaning methods, sorbents, etc.), an alternative approach is used to perform tests on a slipstream unit using flue gas from the plant. The advantage that a slipstream unit provides is the flexibility to test multiple operating and design parameters and other possible technology options without risking major disruption to the operation of the power plant. Additionally, the results generated are expected to simulate full-scale conditions closely, since the flue gas used during the tests comes directly from the plant in question. The Energy & Environmental Research Center developed and constructed a mobile baghouse that allows for cost-effective testing of impacts related to variation in operating and design parameters, as well as other possible mercury control options. Multiple sorbents, air-to-cloth ratios, bag materials, and cleaning frequencies were evaluated while flue gas was extracted from Big Brown when it fired a 70% Texas lignite-30% Powder River Basin (PRB) blend and a 100% PRB coal.

  5. Big Bang Day : Afternoon Play - Torchwood: Lost Souls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Martha Jones, ex-time traveller and now working as a doctor for a UN task force, has been called to CERN where they're about to activate the Large Hadron Collider. Once activated, the Collider will fire beams of protons together recreating conditions a billionth of a second after the Big Bang - and potentially allowing the human race a greater insight into what the Universe is made of. But so much could go wrong - it could open a gateway to a parallel dimension, or create a black hole - and now voices from the past are calling out to people and scientists have started to disappear... Where have the missing scientists gone? What is the secret of the glowing man? What is lurking in the underground tunnel? And do the dead ever really stay dead? Lost Souls is a spin-off from the award-winning BBC Wales TV production Torchwood. It stars John Barrowman, Freema Agyeman, Eve Myles, Gareth David-Lloyd, Lucy Montgomery (of Titty Bang Bang) and Stephen Critchlow.

  6. The NACRE Thermonuclear Reaction Compilation and Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard H. Cyburt; Brian D. Fields; Keith A. Olive

    2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The theoretical predictions of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) are dominated by uncertainties in the input nuclear reaction cross sections. In this paper, we examine the impact on BBN of the recent compilation of nuclear data and thermonuclear reactions rates by the NACRE collaboration. We confirm that the adopted rates do not make large overall changes in central values of predictions, but do affect the magnitude of the uncertainties in these predictions. Therefore, we then examine in detail the uncertainties in the individual reaction rates considered by NACRE. When the error estimates by NACRE are treated as 1\\sigma limits, the resulting BBN error budget is similar to those of previous tabulations. We propose two new procedures for deriving reaction rate uncertainties from the nuclear data: one which sets lower limits to the error, and one which we believe is a reasonable description of the present error budget. We propagate these uncertainty estimates through the BBN code, and find that when the nuclear data errors are described most accurately, the resulting light element uncertainties are notably smaller than in some previous tabulations, but larger than others. Using these results, we derive limits on the cosmic baryon-to-photon ratio $\\eta$, and compare this to independent limits on $\\eta$ from recent balloon-borne measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB). We discuss means to improve the BBN results via key nuclear reaction measurements and light element observations.

  7. Big Problems. Big Results.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find MoreLawrenceDepartment ofBicycle

  8. Bedrock acquifer geometry in the Panther Junction area of Big Bend National Park, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbott, Caroline Lownes

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    areas where an igneous intrusive i. s known to exist as indicated by well data and geologic maps . The location of these impermeable igneous intrusions and their relationship to the water bearing sediments is important as a trapping mechanism. , espec.... Bouguer gravity map of the Big Bend region by Metcalfe and Clarke with the location of the gravity study in the Panther Juncti. on area. Generalised stratigraphic nomenclature and correlation, Panther Junction Area, Big Bend National Park...

  9. Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Sather, Nichole K.; Storch, Adam; Jones, Tucker A.; Mallette, Christine; Dawley, Earl M.; Skalski, John R.; Teel, David; Moran, Paul

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the first annual report for the study titled “Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River.” Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program.

  10. Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sather, NK; Johnson, GE; Storch, AJ [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The tidal freshwater monitoring (TFM) project reported herein is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers [USACE], and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The project is being performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Project No. 2005-001-00). The research is a collaborative effort among the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the University of Washington. The overarching goal of the TFM project is to bridge the gap in knowledge between tidal freshwater habitats and the early life history attributes of migrating salmon. The research questions include: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the Columbia River are juvenile salmon found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions? What is the ecological contribution of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of ESA-listed salmon in the Columbia River basin? Field data collection for the TFM project commenced in June 2007 and since then has continued monthly at six to nine sites in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta (river kilometer 192-208). While this report includes summary data spanning the 19-month period of study from June 2007 through December 2008, it highlights sampling conducted during calendar year 2008. Detailed data for calendar year 2007 were reported previously. The 2008 research objectives were as follows: (1) Characterize the vegetation composition and percent cover, conventional water quality, water surface elevation, substrate composition, bathymetry, and beach slope at the study sites within the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (2) Characterize the fish community and juvenile salmon migration, including species composition, length-frequency distribution, density (number/m{sup 2}), and temporal and spatial distributions in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE). (3) Determine the stock of origin for juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) captured at sampling sites through genetic identification. (4) Characterize the diets of juvenile Chinook and coho (O. kisutch) salmon captured within the study area. (5) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for acoustic-tagged fish in the study area. (6) Conduct a baseline evaluation of the potential restoration to reconnect the old Sandy River channel with the delta. (7) Apply fish density data to initiate a design for a juvenile salmon monitoring program for beach habitats within the tidal freshwater segment of the LCRE (river kilometer 56-234).

  11. Visualization at Supercomputing Centers: The Tale of Little Big Iron and the Three Skinny Guys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bethel, E. Wes; van Rosendale, John; Southard, Dale; Gaither, Kelly; Childs, Hank; Brugger, Eric; Ahern, Sean

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supercomputing Centers (SC's) are unique resources that aim to enable scientific knowledge discovery through the use of large computational resources, the Big Iron. Design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Big Iron are activities that are carefully planned and monitored. Since these Big Iron systems produce a tsunami of data, it is natural to co-locate visualization and analysis infrastructure as part of the same facility. This infrastructure consists of hardware (Little Iron) and staff (Skinny Guys). Our collective experience suggests that design, acquisition, installation, and management of the Little Iron and Skinny Guys does not receive the same level of treatment as that of the Big Iron. The main focus of this article is to explore different aspects of planning, designing, fielding, and maintaining the visualization and analysis infrastructure at supercomputing centers. Some of the questions we explore in this article include:"How should the Little Iron be sized to adequately support visualization and analysis of data coming off the Big Iron?" What sort of capabilities does it need to have?" Related questions concern the size of visualization support staff:"How big should a visualization program be (number of persons) and what should the staff do?" and"How much of the visualization should be provided as a support service, and how much should applications scientists be expected to do on their own?"

  12. 9/18/09 2:55 PMScienceNology: Big Wave Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 5http://sciencenology.blogspot.com/2009/08/big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:55 PMScienceNology: Big Wave Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 5http Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 2 of 5http://sciencenology.blogspot.com/2009/08/big-wave-theory-offers-alternative://sciencenology.blogspot.com/2009/08/big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to.html home posts rss comments rss edit Home Applied

  13. 9/18/09 2:43 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy // Current Page 1 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:43 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy // Current Page 1 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy.htm login | register |home tv shows schedule to Dark Energy // Current Page 2 of 11http://current.com/items/90718274_big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-to-dark-energy

  14. Elevated levels of plasma Big endothelin-1 and its relation to hypertension and skin lesions in individuals exposed to arsenic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossain, Ekhtear; Islam, Khairul; Yeasmin, Fouzia [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Karim, Md. Rezaul [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003 (Bangladesh); Rahman, Mashiur; Agarwal, Smita; Hossain, Shakhawoat; Aziz, Abdul; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Sheikh, Afzal; Haque, Abedul; Hossain, M. Tofazzal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh); Hossain, Mostaque [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh)] [Department of Medicine, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM), Dhaka (Bangladesh); Haris, Parvez I. [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom)] [Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, LE1 9BH (United Kingdom); Ikemura, Noriaki; Inoue, Kiyoshi; Miyataka, Hideki; Himeno, Seiichiro [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan)] [Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, Tokushima 770–8514 (Japan); Hossain, Khaled, E-mail: khossain69@yahoo.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205 (Bangladesh)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chronic arsenic (As) exposure affects the endothelial system causing several diseases. Big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1), the biological precursor of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a more accurate indicator of the degree of activation of the endothelial system. Effect of As exposure on the plasma Big ET-1 levels and its physiological implications have not yet been documented. We evaluated plasma Big ET-1 levels and their relation to hypertension and skin lesions in As exposed individuals in Bangladesh. A total of 304 study subjects from the As-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh were recruited for this study. As concentrations in water, hair and nails were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). The plasma Big ET-1 levels were measured using a one-step sandwich enzyme immunoassay kit. Significant increase in Big ET-1 levels were observed with the increasing concentrations of As in drinking water, hair and nails. Further, before and after adjusting with different covariates, plasma Big ET-1 levels were found to be significantly associated with the water, hair and nail As concentrations of the study subjects. Big ET-1 levels were also higher in the higher exposure groups compared to the lowest (reference) group. Interestingly, we observed that Big ET-1 levels were significantly higher in the hypertensive and skin lesion groups compared to the normotensive and without skin lesion counterpart, respectively of the study subjects in As-endemic areas. Thus, this study demonstrated a novel dose–response relationship between As exposure and plasma Big ET-1 levels indicating the possible involvement of plasma Big ET-1 levels in As-induced hypertension and skin lesions. -- Highlights: ? Plasma Big ET-1 is an indicator of endothelial damage. ? Plasma Big ET-1 level increases dose-dependently in arsenic exposed individuals. ? Study subjects in arsenic-endemic areas with hypertension have elevated Big ET-1 levels. ? Study subjects with arsenic-induced skin lesions show elevated plasma Big ET-1 levels. ? Arsenic-induced hypertension and skin lesions may be linked to plasma Big ET-1 levels.

  15. Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar PowerCommercialEnergySandy-Nor'easter Situation

  16. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) geological site characterization report, Big Hill Salt Dome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, R.J.; Ortiz, T.S.; Magorian, T.R.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geological and geophysical analyses of the Big Hill Salt Dome were performed to determine the suitability of this site for use in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Development of 140 million barrels (MMB) of storage capacity in the Big Hill Salt Dome is planned as part of the SPR expansion to achieve 750 MMB of storage capacity. Objectives of the study were to: (1) Acquire, evaluate, and interpret existing data pertinent to geological characterization of the Big Hill Dome; (2) Characterize the surface and near-surface geology and hydrology; (3) Characterize the geology and hydrology of the overlying cap rock; (4) Define the geometry and geology of the dome; (5) Determine the feasibility of locating and constructing 14 10-MMB storage caverns in the south portion of the dome; and (6) Assess the effects of natural hazards on the SPR site. Recommendations are included. (DMC)

  17. U.S. strategic petroleum reserve Big Hill 114 leak analysis 2012.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lord, David L.; Roberts, Barry L.; Lord, Anna C. Snider; Sobolik, Steven Ronald; Park, Byoung Yoon; Rudeen, David Keith [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses recent well integrity issues related to cavern 114 at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. DM Petroleum Operations, M&O contractor for the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, recognized an apparent leak in Big Hill cavern well 114A in late summer, 2012, and provided written notice to the State of Texas as required by law. DM has since isolated the leak in well A with a temporary plug, and is planning on remediating both 114 A- and B-wells with liners. In this report Sandia provides an analysis of the apparent leak that includes: (i) estimated leak volume, (ii) recommendation for operating pressure to maintain in the cavern between temporary and permanent fixes for the well integrity issues, and (iii) identification of other caverns or wells at Big Hill that should be monitored closely in light of the sequence of failures there in the last several years.

  18. Conversion of the Big Hill geological site characterization report to a three-dimensional model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, Joshua S.; Rautman, Christopher Arthur

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Hill salt dome, located in southeastern Texas, is home to one of four underground oil-storage facilities managed by the U. S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program. Sandia National Laboratories, as the geotechnical advisor to the SPR, conducts site-characterization investigations and other longer-term geotechnical and engineering studies in support of the program. This report describes the conversion of two-dimensional geologic interpretations of the Big Hill site into three-dimensional geologic models. The new models include the geometry of the salt dome, the surrounding sedimentary units, mapped faults, and the 14 oil storage caverns at the site. This work provides a realistic and internally consistent geologic model of the Big Hill site that can be used in support of future work.

  19. 9/18/09 2:12 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 4http://digg.com/general_sciences/Big_Wave_Theory_Offers_Alternative_to_Dark_Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:12 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 4http://digg.com/general_sciences/Big_Wave_Theory_Offers_Alternative_to_Dark_Energy show profanity settings Digg is a place Offers Alternative to Dark Energy space.com -- Mathematicians have proposed an alternative explanation

  20. 3/3/2014 Big ideas for tinywindmills at UTA | RenewablesBiz http://www.renewablesbiz.com/article/14/03/big-ideas-tiny-windmills-uta 1/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Energy Central E-Newsletters Recent News/Commentary Three Firms Win Solar Plant Tenders In Va. politics, renewable energy dwarfed by big utility ET Solar Builds Large Scale Solar Power Projects in UK Big ideas for tiny windmills at UTA DTE Energy selects SolarCurrents projects more news News Insights #12

  1. Virginia big-eared bats (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus) roosting in abandoned coal mines in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, J.B.; Edwards, J.W.; Wood, P.B. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV (US). Wildlife & Fisheries Resources Programme

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We surveyed bats at 36 abandoned coal mines during summer 2002 and 47 mines during fall 2002 at New River Gorge National River and Gauley River National Recreation Area, WV. During summer, we captured three federally endangered Virginia big-eared bats at two mine entrances, and 25 were captured at 12 mine entrances during fall. These represent the first documented captures of this species at coal mines in West Virginia. Future survey efforts conducted throughout the range of the Virginia big-eared bat should include abandoned coal mines.

  2. Astrophysical S-factor for destructive reactions of lithium-7 in big bang nucleosynthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komatsubara, Tetsuro; Kwon, YoungKwan; Moon, JunYoung; Kim, Yong-Kyun [Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Chang-Bum [Hoseo University, Asan, Chungnam (Korea, Republic of); Ozawa, Akira; Sasa, Kimikazu; Onishi, Takahiro; Yuasa, Toshiaki; Okada, Shunsuke; Saito, Yuta [Division of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hayakawa, Takehito; Shizuma, Toshiyuki [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Shirakata Shirane, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Kubono, Shigeru [RIKEN, Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama (Japan); Kusakabe, Motohiko [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University (Korea, Republic of); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo (Japan)

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most prominent success with the Big Bang models is the precise reproduction of mass abundance ratio for {sup 4}He. In spite of the success, abundances of lithium isotopes are still inconsistent between observations and their calculated results, which is known as lithium abundance problem. Since the calculations were based on the experimental reaction data together with theoretical estimations, more precise experimental measurements may improve the knowledge of the Big Bang nucleosynthesis. As one of the destruction process of lithium-7, we have performed measurements for the reaction cross sections of the {sup 7}L({sup 3}He,p){sup 9}Be reaction.

  3. Software Engineer Cloud Storage at AMPLIDATA.COM Building the Big Data cloud technology of tomorrow... in Ghent!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of tomorrow... in Ghent! Company: Amplidata N.V. Sector: Big Data & Cloud Storage Products: AmpliStor Exabyte... Amplidata is the sole European company that builds the Big Data cloud storage of tomorrow. Our customers a very extensive salary package. Work together with the top-class engineers in ICT and Storage and live

  4. Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Alexander

    Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size of the web Web Search and Text Mining http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~agray/6240spr11 IIR 19: Web Search Basics Alexander Gray Georgia Institute of Technology, College of Computing 2011 Gray: Web Search Basics 1 / 117 #12;Big picture Ads Duplicate detection Spam Web IR Size

  5. Guardian Unlimited | The Guardian | Scientists see big role for uranium clean-up bug Sign in Register

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    The Guardian Scientists have sequenced the DNA of a bacterium which can help to remove uranium fromGuardian Unlimited | The Guardian | Scientists see big role for uranium clean-up bug Sign big role for uranium clean-up bug Alok Jha, science correspondent Friday December 12, 2003

  6. A New Era for the Big 8? Evidence on the Association Between Earnings Quality and Audit Firm Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassell, Cory A.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    research that fully differentiates audit firm type. My results indicate that the post-Andersen growth of Second-Tier audit firms coincides with improved Second-Tier audit quality, relative to the other audit firm types (Big N and other non-Big N...

  7. Statistique et Big Data Analytics Volumtrie L'Attaque des Clones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    avai- lable and especially those imposed by Hadoop, algorithms of some available learning methods : Statistics ; Data Mining ; High DImension ; Statistical learning ; Big Data ; algorithms ; Hadoop ; Map maintenant data scientist, à chaque fois que le volume qu'il avait à traiter était multiplié par un facteur

  8. Why Statistics? POPULAR MEDIA AND SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS SOUND THE DRUM: "BIG DATA" WILL DRIVE OUR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Why Statistics? POPULAR MEDIA AND SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS SOUND THE DRUM: "BIG DATA" WILL DRIVE OUR complex social interactions, to detecting infectious disease outbreaks. Statistics is the science-driven decisions, expanding the demand for statistics expertise. The melding of science and statistics has often

  9. People's Physics book 3e Ch 19-1 The Big Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics book 3e Ch 19-1 The Big Ideas Heat is a form of energy transfer. It can change). Thermodynamics is the study of heat engines. Any engine or power plant obeys the laws of thermodynamics by the expanding gas. Work can be done on the gas in order to compress it. #12;People's Physics book 3e Ch 19

  10. People's Physics Book 3e Ch 14-1 The Big Idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    People's Physics Book 3e Ch 14-1 The Big Idea For static electric charges, the electromagnetic a loop of wire generate currents in that wire; this is how electric power generators work. Likewise field is pointing. Be sure to use your right hand! #12;People's Physics Book 3e Ch 14-2 o Right Hand

  11. Building the Big Message Authentication Code Dale R. THOMPSON, J. Brad MAXWELL, and James P. PARKERSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Dale R.

    Building the Big Message Authentication Code Dale R. THOMPSON, J. Brad MAXWELL, and James P.S.A. ABSTRACT Message Authentication Codes (MAC) are used to ensure the integrity of digital content is not compromised and to authenticate the sender. A MAC can be constructed by using a message digest and a shared

  12. Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    1 Nuclear Waste Disposal: An Independent View of the Big Picture and a Proposal for CARD Presented to isolate nuclear waste successfully from the biosphere for the long term can be developed if our society to this impasse? In the 1940's at the beginning of the nuclear age, nuclear waste was seen as a "problem" only

  13. BigBOSS: The Ground-Based Stage IV BAO Experiment BBiiggBBOOSSSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    diameter field will measure BAO and redshift space distortions in the distribution of galaxies and hydrogen gas spanning redshifts from 0.2 pipeline designs. The BigBOSS project is enabled by the impressive 3 degree diameter field of view of the 4

  14. The Thermal Control of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Thermal Control of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Observatory Angelo P. Verdonia and Carsten Denkera aNew Jersey Institute of Technology, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, 323 Martin Luther King Blvd, Newark, NJ 07102, US ABSTRACT We present the basic design of the THermal Control System

  15. CHEAP CLEAN-UP PROTOCOL To clean BigDye reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Amy L.

    CHEAP CLEAN-UP PROTOCOL To clean BigDye reactions: 1. Combine and mix MgCl2/ethanol cocktail. 2. Air dry on a Kimwipe or pulse spin upside down. MgCl2/ethanol 1 µL 0.5M MgCl2 1000 µL 70% ethanol

  16. Assessing the impact of feral hog populations on the natural resources of Big Thicket National Preserve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavarria, Pedro Mazier

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Thicket National Preserve (BTNP) is a unit of the National Park Service whose mission prioritizes conservation of its wildlands in the United States. One threat to natural resources of the BTNP has been impacts associated with feral hog (Sus...

  17. Nasmyth focus instrumentation of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    field stop and heat reflector (heat-stop), elliptical secondary mirror (SM) and diagonal flats. Figure 1Nasmyth focus instrumentation of the New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory Wenda Caoab Coulterb, and Philip R. Goodeab aCenter for Solar-Terrestrial Research, New Jersey Institute of Technology

  18. Lithium in cool stellar atmospheres: Big bang nucleosynthesis and extrasolar planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lithium in cool stellar atmospheres: Big bang nucleosynthesis and extrasolar planets Matthias Steffen and Elisabetta Caffau Sternphysik In metal-poor stellar atmospheres, the Lithium line at 6707 Ã?-NLTE, respectively. The accurate spectroscopic determination of the Lithium abundance and in particular the 6Li/7Li

  19. A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indexing Big Data with Map-Reduce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arampatzis, Avi

    proposed implementation of inverted index construction using Map-Reduce. In Section V we attempt a costA Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indexing Big Data with Map-Reduce Dimitrios Siafarikas Argyrios. We consider the problem of Inverted Index construction which is widely used in Information Retrieval

  20. Monte-Carlo Analysis of Big Bang Production of Beryllium and Boron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Thomas

    1994-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    There is continued interest in the possibility that big bang nucleosynthesis may produce significant quantities of Be and B. In this paper we reevaluate the primordial abundances taking into account uncertainties in reactions rates. We discuss the implications for primordial nucleosynthesis, and for galactic cosmic ray spallation.

  1. Compilation and R-matrix analysis of Big Bang nuclear reaction rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Descouvemont; Abderrahim Adahchour; Carmen Angulo; Alain Coc; Elisabeth Vangioni-Flam

    2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the R-matrix theory to fit low-energy data on nuclear reactions involved in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. A special attention is paid to the rate uncertainties which are evaluated on statistical grounds. We provide S factors and reaction rates in tabular and graphical formats.

  2. From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

    From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour Jeffrey D H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum expectation value Strong) photon Z boson W bosons H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum

  3. From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

    From the Big Bang to the Higgs Boson in Less Than an Hour Jeffrey D neutrino Z0 W + W -g gluon (8) photon Z boson W bosons Quarks Leptons H Higgs boson Gauge bosons (force field quanta) Higgs boson and vacuum expectation value Strong force EM force Weak force #12;Par7cles

  4. Rangeland Ecol Manage 59:267274 | May 2006 Nutritive Quality of Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ditchkoff, Steve

    to rural areas important to agricultural and forestry practices. Reports regarding O3 effects have focused can be as important as quantity, we determined various effects on nutritive quality characteristics in addition to biomass yield. Big bluestem exhibited little response to O3 exposure. For eastern gamagrass, we

  5. Malaysia: Big Win Against Illegal Timber Ops JACK WONG, The Star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaysia: Big Win Against Illegal Timber Ops JACK WONG, The Star KUCHING: Sarawak Forestry Corporation has scored a major success in curbing illegal timber operations with the seizures of over RM1mil on the lorry was subsequently seized," he added. Sani said while two other lorries unloaded illegally sourced

  6. "MINE YOUR OWN BUSINESS": USING PROCESS MINING TO TURN BIG DATA INTO REAL VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    "MINE YOUR OWN BUSINESS": USING PROCESS MINING TO TURN BIG DATA INTO REAL VALUE Van der Aalst, Wil is to turn event data into valuable insights. Only process mining techniques directly relate event data-oriented analysis techniques (e.g., data mining and machines learning) typically focus on simple classification

  7. S-Store: A Streaming NewSQL System for Big Velocity Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholm, Tuomas W.

    attention to state management via ACID transactions (e.g., [3, 4]). S-Store is a data management system. INTRODUCTION Managing high-speed data streams generated in real time is an integral part of today's big data some or all of this data into a persistent store for on-demand transaction or analyt- ical processing

  8. Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the Year award. Nathan Gonzales Staff. John McGarvey. Unique is one way to put it, award-winning is another one entirely. For 20 years, Dr. Mc on the floor. It took me almost three months to win them over." Through the years, however, McGarvey began

  9. Laboratory evaluation of damage criteria and permeability of Big Hill salt.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon; Lee, Moo Yul; Bronowski, David R.

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish strength criteria of Big Hill salt, a series of quasi-static triaxial compression tests have been completed. This report summarizes the test methods, set-up, relevant observations, and results. The triaxial compression tests established dilatant damage criteria for Big Hill salt in terms of stress invariants (I{sub 1} and J{sub 2}) and principal stresses ({sigma}{sub a,d} and {sigma}{sub 3}), respectively: {radical}J{sub 2}(psi) = 1746-1320.5 exp{sup -0.00034I{sub 1}(psi)}; {sigma}{sub a,d}(psi) = 2248 + 1.25 {sigma}{sub 3} (psi). For the confining pressure of 1,000 psi, the dilatant damage strength of Big Hill salt is identical to the typical salt strength ({radical}J{sub 2} = 0.27 I{sub 1}). However, for higher confining pressure, the typical strength criterion overestimates the damage strength of Big Hill salt.

  10. Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Graham

    Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology in materials and biomaterials. Nanotechnology is poised to revolutionize and advance many vital sectors in nanotechnology and photonics · Houses state-of-the-art instruments, with tools for SEM capabilities and focused

  11. As you think about where to go to college, we expect one of the big questions on your mind is this: "Will I fit in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    As you think about where to go to college, we expect one of the big questions on your mind is this to college, we expect one of the big questions on your mind is this: "Will I fit in here?" Perhaps about where to go to college, we expect one of the big questions on your mind is this: "Will I fit

  12. Intra- and interspecific responses to Rafinesque’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) social calls.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loeb, Susan, C.; Britzke, Eric, R.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bats respond to the calls of conspecifics as well as to calls of other species; however, few studies have attempted to quantify these responses or understand the functions of these calls. We tested the response of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) to social calls as a possible method to increase capture success and to understand the function of social calls. We also tested if calls of bats within the range of the previously designated subspecies differed, if the responses of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats varied with geographic origin of the calls, and if other species responded to the calls of C. rafinesquii. We recorded calls of Rafinesque’s big-eared bats at two colony roost sites in South Carolina, USA. Calls were recorded while bats were in the roosts and as they exited. Playback sequences for each site were created by copying typical pulses into the playback file. Two mist nets were placed approximately 50–500 m from known roost sites; the net with the playback equipment served as the Experimental net and the one without the equipment served as the Control net. Call structures differed significantly between the Mountain and Coastal Plains populations with calls from the Mountains being of higher frequency and longer duration. Ten of 11 Rafinesque’s big-eared bats were caught in the Control nets and, 13 of 19 bats of other species were captured at Experimental nets even though overall bat activity did not differ significantly between Control and Experimental nets. Our results suggest that Rafinesque’s big-eared bats are not attracted to conspecifics’ calls and that these calls may act as an intraspecific spacing mechanism during foraging.

  13. Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    /julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM] of 3D printing 18 October 2012 The High Court and the Marlboro Man

  14. Power Transformer Application for Wind Plant Substations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnke, M. R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Bloethe, W.G. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Bradt, M. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Brooks, C. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Camm, E H [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Dilling, W. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Goltz, B. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Li, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Niemira, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Nuckles, K. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Patino, J. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Reza, M [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Richardson, B. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Samaan, N. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Schoene, Jens [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Smith, Travis M [ORNL; Snyder, Isabelle B [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Walling, R. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group; Zahalka, G. [IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind power plants use power transformers to step plant output from the medium voltage of the collector system to the HV or EHV transmission system voltage. This paper discusses the application of these transformers with regard to the selection of winding configuration, MVA rating, impedance, loss evaluation, on-load tapchanger requirements, and redundancy.

  15. Line Rebuild, Relocation and Substation Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenter (LMI-EFRC) -Choices toLee

  16. From human mobility to renewable energies: Big data analysis to approach worldwide multiscale phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raischel, Frank; Lind, Pedro G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We address and discuss recent trends in the analysis of big data sets, with the emphasis on studying multiscale phenomena. Applications of big data analysis in different scientific fields are described and two particular examples of multiscale phenomena are explored in more detail. The first one deals with wind power production at the scale of single wind turbines, the scale of entire wind farms and also at the scale of a whole country. Using open source data we show that the wind power production has an intermittent character at all those three scales, with implications for defining adequate strategies for stable energy production. The second example concerns the dynamics underlying human mobility, which presents different features at different scales. For that end, we analyze $12$-month data of the Eduroam database within Portuguese universities, and find that, at the smallest scales, typically within a set of a few adjacent buildings, the characteristic exponents of average displacements are different from...

  17. Reheating and dangerous relics in pre-big bang string cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandra Buonanno; Martin Lemoine; Keith A. Olive

    2000-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the mechanism of reheating in pre-big bang string cosmology and we calculate the amount of moduli and gravitinos produced gravitationally and in scattering processes of the thermal bath. We find that this abundance always exceeds the limits imposed by big-bang nucleosynthesis, and significant entropy production is required. The exact amount of entropy needed depends on the details of the high curvature phase between the dilaton-driven inflationary era and the radiation era. We show that the domination and decay of the zero-mode of a modulus field, which could well be the dilaton, or of axions, suffices to dilute moduli and gravitinos. In this context, baryogenesis can be accomodated in a simple way via the Affleck-Dine mechanism and in some cases the Affleck-Dine condensate could provide both the source of entropy and the baryon asymmetry.

  18. Lecture 10: The European Bioinformatics Institute - "Big data" for biomedical sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva; Dana, Jose

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 1: Big data for biomedical sciences (Tom Hancocks) Ten years ago witnessed the completion of the first international 'Big Biology' project that sequenced the human genome. In the years since biological sciences, have seen a vast growth in data. In the coming years advances will come from integration of experimental approaches and the translation into applied technologies is the hospital, clinic and even at home. This talk will examine the development of infrastructure, physical and virtual, that will allow millions of life scientists across Europe better access to biological data Tom studied Human Genetics at the University of Leeds and McMaster University, before completing an MSc in Analytical Genomics at the University of Birmingham. He has worked for the UK National Health Service in diagnostic genetics and in training healthcare scientists and clinicians in bioinformatics. Tom joined the EBI in 2012 and is responsible for the scientific development and delivery of training for the BioMedBridges pr...

  19. A Feasible Graph Partition Framework for Random Walks Implemented by Parallel Computing in Big Graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaoming; Guan, Xiaohong

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graph partition is a fundamental problem of parallel computing for big graph data. Many graph partition algorithms have been proposed to solve the problem in various applications, such as matrix computations and PageRank, etc., but none has pay attention to random walks. Random walks is a widely used method to explore graph structure in lots of fields. The challenges of graph partition for random walks include the large number of times of communication between partitions, lots of replications of the vertices, unbalanced partition, etc. In this paper, we propose a feasible graph partition framework for random walks implemented by parallel computing in big graph. The framework is based on two optimization functions to reduce the bandwidth, memory and storage cost in the condition that the load balance is guaranteed. In this framework, several greedy graph partition algorithms are proposed. We also propose five metrics from different perspectives to evaluate the performance of these algorithms. By running the al...

  20. 10/14/09 2:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 3http://www.thirdeyeconcept.com/news/index.php?topic=10126.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    10/14/09 2:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 3http > Forum > Duality > The Eye > 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Pages: [1] Go Down SEND THIS TOPIC | PRINT Author Topic: 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy (Read 59 times) 'Big

  1. Dr. StrangeBox or : how I learned to stop worrying and love urban big box retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, Jared Harding

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, Big Box retailers have been trying to tap into urban markets after years of explicitly avoiding them in favor of suburban environments. In the past few years, retailers have begun experimenting with ...

  2. CSC224/226: Packet 4: Recursion & Big O Packet #4: Recursion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wartell, Zachary

    -4 Solving Recursions Page 5 Towers of Hanoi Page 6 Binary Gray Codes Page 8 Big O Information Page 9 #12;CSC by derivation: Given: S(0) = S(0) S(1) = S(1) S(n) = AS(n-1) + BS(n-2) This form lends itself to closed form representation. Assume: S(n) = axn (This is an educated guess). S(n-1) = ax(n-1) S(n-2) = ax(n-2) Substitute

  3. Riparian mammals in Big Bend National Park and their interrelationships with visitor usages and impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boeer, William Jacob

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . , 1944; McDougall and Sperry, 1951; Denyes, 1956; and Warnock and Kittams, 1970). The Chisos Mountains support dense stands of Mexican Pinyon-Oak-Juniper and Ponderosa Pine- Douglas Fir woodlands (for a list of scientific names of all plants... research work. Studies involving mammals of the Big Bend area began with gene. al surveys (Bailey, 1905; Johnson, 1936; Borell and Bryant, 1942; and Taylor et al. , 1944) designed to identify and document the varied fauna of the area. After the park...

  4. Mountain lion use of an area of high recreational development in Big Bend National Park, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruth, Toni Karen

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /Site Restrictions and Closures Habitat/Site Alterations. . . . . . . . . . . . Protocol for Incidents of Attack or Depredation. 113 113 120 128 135 141 147 150 Recommendations f or Management. . . . . . . . . Education of Visitors and Residents... subadults should be considered high risk. Alternative management actions for reducing risk to visitors were identified and evaluated. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was cooperatively funded by Big Bend National Park (BIBE), Texas; The National Park Service...

  5. Luminant's Big Brown Plant wins for continuous improvement and safety programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peltier, R.

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Staff from Luminant's Big Brown Plant accepted the PRB Coal Users' Group's top honour for innovative improvements to coal-handling systems and a sterling safety record. The numbers reveal their accomplishments: an average EFOR less than 4%, an availability factor averaging 90% for a plant that burns a lignite/PRB mix, and staff who worked more than 2.6 million man-hours since March 2000 without a lost-time injury. 13 photos., 1 tab.

  6. Vascular Plant Survey of the Canyonlands Unit of the Big Thicket National Preserve, Tyler County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Kelly

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    list with scientific name, authority and all compared entities for each plant species can be found in Appendix E. T A B LE 2. Definitio n of co des use d to indic ate o rigi n, longevity, and seaso n of gro w... for all the plants collected can be found in Appendix A. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Canyonlands Unit of the Big Thicket National Preserve Pteridophyta ASPLENIACEAE Asplenium platyneuron (L.) B.S.P N P W BLECHNACEAE...

  7. Birth of Supermassive Black holes and Star Formation after the Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Paramashivam

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern observations of star formation in different galaxies contradicts with the current star formation theories. There are few questions and observations where current star formation theories were not able to explain well. This paper proposes an alternative theory of Star formation and birth of Supermassive Black holes after the Big Bang, which can answer the contradictions without violating the physics laws and fit perfectly well with the modern observations.

  8. Hepatics of the Turkey Creek Unit of the Big Thicket National Preserve: a floristic and ecological study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazan, Evangelina

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Botanically, The Turkey Creek Unit is of particular interest be- cause it includes 10 distinct vascular plant associations, according to a recent vegetation analysis of the Big Thicket National Preserve by Harcombe and Marks (1979). The unit was selected... in the Turkey Creek Unit of the Big Thicket National Preserve with approximate acreage and corres- ponding percent area occuppied. Asterisks indicate associations not sampled. (After Harcombe & Marks, 1979. ) Association Acreage Percent * Upland pine (UP...

  9. Executive Director & Controller Sandy Burris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Support/Training 2. COGNOS Reporting 3. Document Imaging for UFS 4. IT Support for UFS 5. E-BAR Access

  10. Sandy Updates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy atLLC - FE DKT. 10-160-LNG -Energy Proposed PenaltyLarge10 DOESandia

  11. Sandy Ridge | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)Project

  12. Sandy Updates | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergy SmallImplementing J-F-1 SECTION JtheNEWMR.Y : J OProductsPress Release

  13. Bedrock erosion in the lower Big Wood River channel, southcentral Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maley, T.S.; Oberlindacher, P. (Bureau of Land Management, Boise, ID (United States))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Wood River, which is fed from the mountains to the north of the Snake River Plain, cuts through 0.8 m.y. old basalt in an area north and east of Shoshone, Idaho. The basalt channel carved by the Big Wood River exhibits remarkable and unusual bedrock erosional features. Approximately 10,000 years ago, nearby Black Butte shield volcano erupted basaltic lave which rerouted the Big Wood River. At the time the new river channel formed 10,000 years ago, alpine glaciers in the mountains were also beginning to melt. High flows of water from the melting glaciers during the next few thousand years carried large sediment loads and were instrumental in developing the spectacular potholes now found in the channel. Most of the scouring agents are pebbles and cobbles derived from quartzite, granitic, and gneissic rocks. As potholes began to develop, they were closely spaced and generally less than 1 m apart. However, as the potholes enlarged and expanded both horizontally and vertically, they coalesced with one another. The merging process occurred when the walls of two or more adjacent potholes were breached by the outward expansion of each pothole. The deeper of the two potholes captured the pebbles of the adjacent pothole. When pebbles are captured, pothole growth is terminated and the more shallow pothole was gradually cannibalized. All of the features within the channel are overprinted with a strong asymmetry caused by the current-driven pebbles against the upstream side of the features. Consequently, the upstream side of the features tends to be smooth, convex and rounded; whereas, the downstream side tends to be concave with the leading edge of the feature pointing in the downstream direction.

  14. Refined scenario of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis allowing for nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voronchev, Victor T.; Nakao, Yasuyuki; Nakamura, Makoto; Tsukida, Kazuki [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Division of Advanced Plasma Research, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-166 Oaza-Obuchi-Aza-Omotedate, Rokkasho, Kamikita, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

    2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard scenario of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is generalized to take into account nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma. These reactions are naturally triggered in the BBN epoch by fast particles generated in various exoergic processes. It is found that, although such particles can appreciably enhance the rates of some individual reactions, their influence on the whole process of element production is not significant. The nonthermal corrections to element abundances are obtained to be 0.1% ({sup 3}H), -0.03% ({sup 7}Li), and 0.34 %-0.63% (CNO group).

  15. R+S^2 theories of gravity without big-bang singularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia-An Lu

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The R+S^2 theories of gravity, where S^2 denotes the quadratic torsion terms, are analyzed under three cases. In the first two cases, the matter fields are described by two different spin fluids which are not homogeneous and isotropic. In the third case, a homogeneous and isotropic torsion field is used. It is found that under all the three cases, the R+S^2 theories may avert the big-bang singularity of the Robertson--Walker universe, with three corresponding constraints on the parameters.

  16. CBFO and WIPP Volunteerism Makes a Big Difference This Winter for Little

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The BigSidingState6 (2-91)A2015 Peer Review |PeerOnes |

  17. The distribution and contaminant exposure of Rafinesque's Big-Eared Bats in South Carolina with an emphasis on bridge surveys.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F.M. Bennett; S.C. Loeb; W.W. Bowerman

    2003-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Rafinesque's big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii), an insectivorous mammal indigenous to the southern United States, has long been referred to as one of the least known bats in North America. Although there has been a moderate increase in the number of peer-reviewed articles published on this species in the past 6 years, the basic ecology and status of Rafinesque's big-eared bat remains largely obscure. Prior to 1996, when the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) discontinued the list of Candidate Species, Rafinesque's big-eared bat was listed as a Federal Category 2 Candidate species. Currently, Rafinesque's big-eared bat is recognized as a ''species of special concern'' across most of its range but receives no legal protection. Nonetheless, the USFWS and numerous state agencies remain concerned about this species. Further biological research and field study are needed to resolve the conservation status of this taxona. In response to the paucity of information regarding the status and distribution of Rafinesque's big-eared bat, statewide survey of highway bridges used as roost sites was conducted.

  18. Environmental assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill facility storage of commercial crude oil project, Jefferson County, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Big Hill SPR facility located in Jefferson County, Texas has been a permitted operating crude oil storage site since 1986 with benign environmental impacts. However, Congress has not authorized crude oil purchases for the SPR since 1990, and six storage caverns at Big Hill are underutilized with 70 million barrels of available storage capacity. On February 17, 1999, the Secretary of Energy offered the 70 million barrels of available storage at Big Hill for commercial use. Interested commercial users would enter into storage contracts with DOE, and DOE would receive crude oil in lieu of dollars as rental fees. The site could potentially began to receive commercial oil in May 1999. This Environmental Assessment identified environmental changes that potentially would affect water usage, power usage, and air emissions. However, as the assessment indicates, changes would not occur to a major degree affecting the environment and no long-term short-term, cumulative or irreversible impacts have been identified.

  19. STANDARD BIG BANG NUCLEOSYNTHESIS UP TO CNO WITH AN IMPROVED EXTENDED NUCLEAR NETWORK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coc, Alain [Centre de Spectrometrie Nucleaire et de Spectrometrie de Masse (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Universite Paris Sud, UMR 8609, Batiment 104, F-91405 Orsay Campus (France); Goriely, Stephane; Xu, Yi [Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 226, Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Saimpert, Matthias; Vangioni, Elisabeth [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, Paris 75014 (France)

    2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Primordial or big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is one of the three strong pieces of evidence for the big bang model together with the expansion of the universe and cosmic microwave background radiation. In this study, we improve the standard BBN calculations taking into account new nuclear physics analyses and enlarge the nuclear network up to sodium. This is, in particular, important to evaluate the primitive value of CNO mass fraction that could affect Population III stellar evolution. For the first time we list the complete network of more than 400 reactions with references to the origin of the rates, including Almost-Equal-To 270 reaction rates calculated using the TALYS code. Together with the cosmological light elements, we calculate the primordial beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen nuclei. We performed a sensitivity study to identify the important reactions for CNO, {sup 9}Be, and boron nucleosynthesis. We re-evaluated those important reaction rates using experimental data and/or theoretical evaluations. The results are compared with precedent calculations: a primordial beryllium abundance increase by a factor of four compared to its previous evaluation, but we note a stability for B/H and for the CNO/H abundance ratio that remains close to its previous value of 0.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -15}. On the other hand, the extension of the nuclear network has not changed the {sup 7}Li value, so its abundance is still 3-4 times greater than its observed spectroscopic value.

  20. CMB B-modes, spinorial space-time and Pre-Big Bang (II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis Gonzalez-Mestres

    2014-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The BICEP2 collaboration reported recently a B-mode polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation inconsistent with the null hypothesis at a significance of > 5 {\\sigma}. This result has been often interpreted as a signature of primordial gravitational waves from cosmic inflation, even if actually polarized dust emission may be at the origin of such a signal. Even assuming that part of this CMB B-mode polarization really corresponds to the early Universe dynamics, its interpretation in terms of inflation and primordial gravitational waves is not the only possible one. Alternative cosmologies such as pre-Big Bang patterns and the spinorial space-time (SST) we introduced in 1996-97 can naturally account for such CMB B-modes. In particular, the SST automatically generates a privileged space direction (PSD) whose existence may have been confirmed by Planck data. If such a PSD exists, it seems normal to infer that vector perturbations have been present in the early Universe leading to CMB B-modes in suitable cosmological patterns. Inflation would not be required to explain the BICEP2 result assuming it really contains a primordial signal. More generally, pre-Big Bang cosmologies can also generate gravitational waves in the early Universe without any need for cosmic inflation. We further discuss here possible alternatives to the inflationary interpretation of a primordial B-mode polarization of cosmic microwave background radiation.

  1. The Problem of Big Bang Matter vs. AntiMatter Symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Ellman

    2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    -The favored Big Bang concept is that the original symmetry was skewed, the universe now being all matter, all antimatter having annihilated. -The mechanism of matter/antimatter annihilation is analyzed. A total annihilation of original antimatter could not have occurred; the skewing is unnecessary; and the universe must contain equally both forms of matter. -Current detection of cosmic matter/antimatter annihilations is Gamma Ray Bursts [GRB's]. However, the conviction that the universe is now all matter with no antimatter has left that possibility rejected and uninvestigated and left standing the massive supernovae core collapse hypothesis for GRB's. -It has recently been reported that the rate of GRB's increases with red shift z for z = 0 to 4 as (1 + z)^1.5. The indication is that the rate increases significantly with time into the past at least back to z = 4 [and probably back to the Big Bang]. -That finding is inconsistent with the massive supernovae core collapse hypothesis for GRB's and supports GRB's being cosmic matter/antimatter annihilations.

  2. Verification of Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution with Big-Bang Nucleosyntheis theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Q. Hou; J. J. He; others

    2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The current Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) model has been constructed based on a nuclear reaction network operating with thermal reactivities of Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) distribution plasma. However, does the classical MB distribution still hold for the extremely high-temperature (in order of 10$^9$ K) plasma involved in the Big-Bang environment? In this work, we have investigated the impact of non-extensive Tsallis statistics (in $q$-Guassian distribution) on the thermonuclear reaction rates. We show for the first time that the reverse rates are extremely sensitive to the non-extensive $q$ parameter. Such sensitivity does not allow a large deviation of non-extensive distribution from the usual MB distribution. With a newly developed BBN code, the impact of primordial light-element abundances on $q$ values has been studied by utilizing the most recent BBN cosmological parameters and the available nuclear cross-section data. For the first time, we have accurately verified the microscopic MB distribution with the macroscopic BBN theory and bservation. By comparing the recent observed primordial abundances with our predictions, only a tiny deviation of $\\pm$6$\\times$10$^{-4}$ at most can be allowed for the MB distribution. However, validity of the classical statistics needs to be studied further for the self-gravitating stars and binaries of high-density environment, with the extreme sensitivity of reverse rate on $q$ found here.

  3. The Multiverse Origin of our Physics does without Strings, Big Bang, Inflation, or Parallel Universes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Gehrels

    2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Evolution needs long times and large numbers of samples or species. Our finely tuned physics can therefore not have evolved during the fast changes of a single Big-Bang universe, but the cosmological scales for time and for the number of universes in the multiverse satisfy that condition. Planck and Chandrasekhar equations show that multiverse. A variety of observations show the origin of our physics. The multiverse is being fed by the debris of its decaying universes, which is transported on the accelerated expansion. New universes originate from clouds of that debris, which is re-energized by the gravity at the center of the cloud when the proton density is reached. That epoch occurs much later than a Big Bang. It marks the beginning of our universe with a photon burst, which may have been observed by spacecraft as the radiation signature with a wider curvature than that of the cosmic background radiation. A test for black holes, published by Karl Schwarzschild in 1916, also confirms that beginning.

  4. Lithium in Very Metal-poor Dwarf Stars - Problems for Standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David L. Lambert

    2004-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard model of primordial nucleosynthesis by the Big Bang as selected by the WMAP-based estimate of the baryon density ($\\Omega_bh^2$) predicts an abundance of $^7$Li that is a factor of three greater than the generally reported abundance for stars on the Spite plateau, and an abundance of $^6$Li that is about a thousand times less than is found for some stars on the plateau. This review discusses and examines these two discrepancies. They can likely be resolved without major surgery on the standard model of the Big Bang. In particular, stars on the Spite plateau may have depleted their surface lithium abundance over their long lifetime from the WMAP-based predicted abundances down to presently observed abundances, and synthesis of $^6$Li (and $^7$Li) via $\\alpha + \\alpha$ fusion reactions may have occurred in the early Galaxy. Yet, there remain fascinating ways in which to remove the two discrepancies involving aspects of a new cosmology, particularly through the introduction of exotic particles.

  5. Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project : Annual Report 2008.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitney, Richard P.; Berger, Matthew T.; Rushing, Samuel; Peone, Cory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Hellsgate Project) was proposed by the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (CTCR) as partial mitigation for hydropower's share of the wildlife losses resulting from Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams. At present, the Hellsgate Project protects and manages 57,418 acres (approximately 90 miles2) for the biological requirements of managed wildlife species; most are located on or near the Columbia River (Lake Rufus Woods and Lake Roosevelt) and surrounded by Tribal land. To date we have acquired about 34,597 habitat units (HUs) towards a total 35,819 HUs lost from original inundation due to hydropower development. In addition to the remaining 1,237 HUs left unmitigated, 600 HUs from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife that were traded to the Colville Tribes and 10 secure nesting islands are also yet to be mitigated. This annual report for 2008 describes the management activities of the Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Hellsgate Project) during the past year.

  6. Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Poster Session--Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage--Wright, Ottmar USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. 2008. 363 Fuel Consumption During Prescribed Fires in Big Sage Ecosystems1 Clinton S. Wright2 and Roger D. Ottmar2 Introduction Fuel consumption was evaluated for a series

  7. Physicists believe that our universe began with a huge explosion about thirteen billion years ago, called the Big Bang.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazama, Hokto

    the cooling period, after the Big Bang explosion, quarks and electrons were formed, followed by protons particles cannot be separated from the macroscopic system at large. RHIC is the first high energy of 20th century physics indicates, scientific progress has always been made by younger researchers

  8. Design of a telescope pointing and tracking subsystem for the Big Bear Solar Observatory New Solar Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the design of the TPTS. Modern control systems for medium-sized telescopes are generally distributed systems Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory will use a distributed system to control the telescope, dome dome opening with the telescope optical axis. Keywords: NST, software, telescope, control system, solar

  9. Environmental contaminants in prey and tissues of the peregrine falcon in the Big Bend Region, Texas, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mora, Miguel A.

    reserved. Keywords: DDE; Mercury; Selenium; Peregrine falcon; West Texas 1. Introduction The peregrine, Texas, USA M. Moraa, *, R. Skilesb , B. McKinneyc , M. Paredesb , D. Bucklerd , D. Papouliasd , D Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2258 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2258, USA b National Park Service, Big

  10. First Light of the 1.6 meter off-axis New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -axis configurations, the NST adopts a unique off-axis optical design. Since the Secondary Mirror (SM) and SM supportFirst Light of the 1.6 meter off-axis New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory Wenda Caoab, Nicolas Gorceixb, Roy Coulterb, Aaron Coulterb, Philip R. Goodeab aCenter for Solar-Terrestrial Research

  11. On the use of MapReduce to build Linguistic Fuzzy Rule Based Classification Systems for Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    fuzzy rules it is able to provide an interpretable and effective classification model. This method of Education. Fuzzy Rule Based Classification Systems (FRBCSs) [4] are potent and popular tools for patternOn the use of MapReduce to build Linguistic Fuzzy Rule Based Classification Systems for Big Data

  12. Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

  13. Turning Back Time: The Application of Predictive Technology to Big Data 1 Turning Back Time: The Application of Predictive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    " to lower the cost of discovery in litigation [1]. This technology aims to reduce costs in a number of legal effective it can be in reducing litigation costs. For example that it is a very expensive technology usefulTurning Back Time: The Application of Predictive Technology to Big Data 1 Turning Back Time

  14. Vegetation patterns of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas, in relation to elevation and slope aspect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Bryan Joseph

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on the woody vegetation of Pine Canyon, Big Bend National Park, Texas was gathered on an elevational gradient from 1250 m to 2000 m elevation using the point-centered quarter method. Sampling was conducted at 12 sites at 1250 m, 1500 m, 1625 m...

  15. The Big Bang, COBE, and the Relic Radiation of Creation (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Smoot, George

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab's George Smoot won the 2006 Physics Nobel Prize, together with John Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, for "the discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation." The anisotropy showed as small variations in the map of the early universe. This research looks back into the infant universe and provides a better understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars. The cosmic background radiation is a tool to understand the structure and history of the universe and the structure of space-time. These observations have provided increased support for the big bang theory of the universe's origin. The Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) NASA satellite, launched in 1989, carries instruments that measured various aspects of cosmic microwave background radiation, and produced the data for these compelling scientific results, which opened up a field that continues very actively today.

  16. Towards Real-Time Detection and Tracking of Blob-Filaments in Fusion Plasma Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Lingfei; Sim, Alex; Churchill, Michael; Choi, Jong Y; Stathopoulos, Andreas; Chang, Cs; Klasky, Scott

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic fusion could provide an inexhaustible, clean, and safe solution to the global energy needs. The success of magnetically-confined fusion reactors demands steady-state plasma confinement which is challenged by the blob-filaments driven by the edge turbulence. Real-time analysis can be used to monitor the progress of fusion experiments and prevent catastrophic events. However, terabytes of data are generated over short time periods in fusion experiments. Timely access to and analyzing this amount of data demands properly responding to extreme scale computing and big data challenges. In this paper, we apply outlier detection techniques to effectively tackle the fusion blob detection problem on extremely large parallel machines. We present a real-time region outlier detection algorithm to efficiently find blobs in fusion experiments and simulations. In addition, we propose an efficient scheme to track the movement of region outliers over time. We have implemented our algorithms with hybrid MPI/OpenMP and ...

  17. Using Big Bang Nucleosynthesis to Extend CMB Probes of Neutrino Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Shimon; N. J. Miller; C. T. Kishimoto; C. J. Smith; G. M. Fuller; B. G. Keating

    2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present calculations showing that upcoming Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments will have the power to improve on current constraints on neutrino masses and provide new limits on neutrino degeneracy parameters. The latter could surpass those derived from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the observationally-inferred primordial helium abundance. These conclusions derive from our Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) simulations which incorporate a full BBN nuclear reaction network. This provides a self-consistent treatment of the helium abundance, the baryon number, the three individual neutrino degeneracy parameters and other cosmological parameters. Our analysis focuses on the effects of gravitational lensing on CMB constraints on neutrino rest mass and degeneracy parameter. We find for the PLANCK experiment that total (summed) neutrino mass $M_{\

  18. Using Big Bang Nucleosynthesis to Extend CMB Probes of Neutrino Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimon, M; Kishimoto, C T; Smith, C J; Fuller, G M; Keating, B G

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present calculations showing that upcoming Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) experiments will have the power to improve on current constraints on neutrino masses and provide new limits on neutrino degeneracy parameters. The latter could surpass those derived from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the observationally-inferred primordial helium abundance. These conclusions derive from our Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) simulations which incorporate a full BBN nuclear reaction network. This provides a self-consistent treatment of the helium abundance, the baryon number, the three individual neutrino degeneracy parameters and other cosmological parameters. Our analysis focuses on the effects of gravitational lensing on CMB constraints on neutrino rest mass and degeneracy parameter. We find for the PLANCK experiment that total (summed) neutrino mass $M_{\

  19. The big and little of fifty years of Moessbauer spectroscopy at Argonne.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Westfall, C.

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Using radioactive materials obtained by chance, a turntable employing gears from Heidelberg's mechanical toy shops, and other minimal equipment available in post World War II Germany, in 1959 Rudolf Moessbauer confirmed his suspicion that his graduate research had yielded ground-breaking results. He published his conclusion: an atomic nucleus in a crystal undergoes negligible recoil when it emits a low energy gamma ray and provides the entire energy to the gamma ray. In the beginning Moessbauer's news might have been dismissed. As Argonne nuclear physicist Gilbert Perlow noted: ''Everybody knew that nuclei were supposed to recoil when emitting gamma rays--people made those measurements every day''. If any such effect existed, why had no one noticed it before? The notion that some nuclei would not recoil was ''completely crazy'', in the words of the eminent University of Illinois condensed matter physicist Frederich Seitz. Intrigued, however, nuclear physicists as well as condensed matter (or solid state) physicists in various locations--but particularly at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell in Britain and at Argonne and Los Alamos in the U.S.--found themselves pondering the Moessbauer spectra with its nuclear and solid state properties starting in late 1959. After an exciting year during which Moessbauer's ideas were confirmed and extended, the physics community concluded that Moessbauer was right. Moessbauer won the Nobel Prize for his work in 1961. In the 1960s and 1970s Argonne physicists produced an increasingly clear picture of the properties of matter using the spectroscopy ushered in by Moessbauer. The scale of this traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy, which required a radioactive source and other simple equipment, began quite modestly by Argonne standards. For example Argonne hosted traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy research using mostly existing equipment in the early days and equipment that cost $100,000 by the 1970s alongside work at the $50 million Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) and the $30 million Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR) II. Starting in the mid-1990s, Argonne physicists expanded their exploration of the properties of matter by employing a new type of Moessbauer spectroscopy--this time using synchrotron light sources such as Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (APS), which at $1 billion was the most expensive U.S. accelerator project of its time. Traditional Moessbauer spectroscopy looks superficially like prototypical ''Little Science'' and Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotrons looks like prototypical ''Big Science''. In addition, the growth from small to larger scale research seems to follow the pattern familiar from high energy physics even though the wide range of science performed using Moessbauer spectroscopy did not include high energy physics. But is the story of Moessbauer spectroscopy really like the tale told by high energy physicists and often echoed by historians? What do U.S. national laboratories, the ''Home'' of Big Science, have to offer small-scale research? And what does the story of the 50-year development of Moessbauer spectroscopy at Argonne tell us about how knowledge is produced at large laboratories? In a recent analysis of the development of relativistic heavy ion science at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory I questioned whether it was wise for historians to speak in terms of ''Big Science'', pointing out at that Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory hosted large-scale projects at three scales, the grand scale of the Bevatron, the modest scale of the HILAC, and the mezzo scale of the combined machine, the Bevalac. I argue that using the term ''Big Science'', which was coined by participants, leads to a misleading preoccupation with the largest projects and the tendency to see the history of physics as the history of high energy physics. My aim here is to provide an additional corrective to such views as well as further information about the web of connections that allows national laboratory scientists working at a variety of scales to produce both technological and

  20. 9/18/09 2:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 6http://www.mastersconnection.com/index.php/articles/452-wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 6http;9/18/09 2:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 2 of 6http:29 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 4 of 6http

  1. Field Testing of Activated Carbon Injection Options for Mercury Control at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jeffrey Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Lucinda Hamre

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of the project was to evaluate the long-term feasibility of using activated carbon injection (ACI) options to effectively reduce mercury emissions from Texas electric generation plants in which a blend of lignite and subbituminous coal is fired. Field testing of ACI options was performed on one-quarter of Unit 2 at TXU's Big Brown Steam Electric Station. Unit 2 has a design output of 600 MW and burns a blend of 70% Texas Gulf Coast lignite and 30% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal. Big Brown employs a COHPAC configuration, i.e., high air-to-cloth baghouses following cold-side electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), for particulate control. When sorbent injection is added between the ESP and the baghouse, the combined technology is referred to as TOXECON{trademark} and is patented by the Electric Power Research Institute in the United States. Key benefits of the TOXECON configuration include better mass transfer characteristics of a fabric filter compared to an ESP for mercury capture and contamination of only a small percentage of the fly ash with AC. The field testing consisted of a baseline sampling period, a parametric screening of three sorbent injection options, and a month long test with a single mercury control technology. During the baseline sampling, native mercury removal was observed to be less than 10%. Parametric testing was conducted for three sorbent injection options: injection of standard AC alone; injection of an EERC sorbent enhancement additive, SEA4, with ACI; and injection of an EERC enhanced AC. Injection rates were determined for all of the options to achieve the minimum target of 55% mercury removal as well as for higher removals approaching 90%. Some of the higher injection rates were not sustainable because of increased differential pressure across the test baghouse module. After completion of the parametric testing, a month long test was conducted using the enhanced AC at a nominal rate of 1.5 lb/Macf. During the time that enhanced AC was injected, the average mercury removal for the month long test was approximately 74% across the test baghouse module. ACI was interrupted frequently during the month long test because the test baghouse module was bypassed frequently to relieve differential pressure. The high air-to-cloth ratio of operations at this unit results in significant differential pressure, and thus there was little operating margin before encountering differential pressure limits, especially at high loads. This limited the use of sorbent injection as the added material contributes to the overall differential pressure. This finding limits sustainable injection of AC without appropriate modifications to the plant or its operations. Handling and storage issues were observed for the TOXECON ash-AC mixture. Malfunctioning equipment led to baghouse dust hopper plugging, and storage of the stagnant material at flue gas temperatures resulted in self-heating and ignition of the AC in the ash. In the hoppers that worked properly, no such problems were reported. Economics of mercury control at Big Brown were estimated for as-tested scenarios and scenarios incorporating changes to allow sustainable operation. This project was funded under the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory project entitled 'Large-Scale Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program--Phase II'.

  2. 9/18/09 2:42 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy -Tech Support Forum Page 1 of 4http://www.techsupportforum.com/relaxation-room/offline/406161-big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-dark-energy.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:42 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy - Tech Support Forum Page 1 of 4http://www.techsupportforum.com/relaxation-room/offline/406161-big-wave-theory-offers-alternative-dark-energy' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy User Name Remember Me? Password Log in Site Map Register Donate

  3. Fall Chinook Acclimation Project; Pittsburg Landing, Captain John Rapids, and Big Canyon, Annual Report 2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLeod, Bruce

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fisheries co-managers of U.S. v Oregon supported and directed the construction and operation of acclimation and release facilities for Snake River fall Chinook from Lyons Ferry Hatchery at three sites above Lower Granite Dam. In 1996, Congress instructed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USCOE) to construct, under the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP), final rearing and acclimation facilities for fall Chinook in the Snake River basin to complement their activities and efforts in compensating for fish lost due to construction of the lower Snake River dams. The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) played a key role in securing funding and selecting acclimation sites, then assumed responsibility for operation and maintenance of the facilities. In 1997, Bonneville Power Administrative (BPA) was directed to fund operations and maintenance (O&M) for the facilities. Two acclimation facilities, Captain John Rapids and Pittsburg Landing, were located on the Snake River between Asotin, WA and Hells Canyon Dam and one facility, Big Canyon, was located on the Clearwater River at Peck. The Capt. John Rapids facility is a single pond while the Pittsburg Landing and Big Canyon sites consist of portable fish rearing tanks assembled and disassembled each year. Acclimation of 450,000 yearling smolts (150,000 each facility) begins in March and ends 6 weeks later. When available, an additional 2,400,000 fall Chinook sub-yearlings may be acclimated for 6 weeks, following the smolt release. The project goal is to increase the naturally spawning population of Snake River fall Chinook salmon upstream of Lower Granite Dam. This is a supplementation project; in that hatchery produced fish are acclimated and released into the natural spawning habitat for the purpose of returning a greater number of spawners to increase natural production. Only Snake River stock is used and production of juveniles occurs at Lyons Ferry Hatchery. This is a long-term project, targeted to work towards achieving delisting goals established by National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS or NOAA Fisheries) and ultimately to provide fall Chinook adults through the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan program as mitigation for construction and operation of the four lower Snake River dams. Complete adult returns (all age classes) for all three acclimation facilities occurred in the year 2002. Progeny (which would then be natural origin fish) would be counted towards achieving Endangered Species Act delisting criteria. In 2003, a total of 2,138,391 fish weighing 66,201 pounds were released from the three acclimation facilities. The total includes 437,633 yearling fish weighing 44,330 pounds and 1,700,758 sub-yearling fish weighing 21,871 pounds.

  4. Fast Track Reservoir Modeling of Shale Formations in the Appalachian Basin.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    in Lower Huron Shale (Big Sandy Gas Field), were used in this study; · Production was history matched models were developed. #12;4 Location of the Study Area Big Sandy Gas Field #12;5 Lower Huron Shale Matching - Forecasting #12;12 Top Down Reservoir Modeleing - Workflow · Decline Curve analysis · Type Curve

  5. "Soft bang" instead of "big bang": model of an inflationary universe without singularities and with eternal physical past time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Rebhan

    2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The solution for an inflationary universe without singularities is derived from the Einstein-Lemaitre equations. The present state of the universe evolved from a steady state solution for a tiny, but classical micro-universe with large cosmological constant or large equivalent vacuum energy density and with an equal energy density of radiation and/or some kind of relativistic primordial matter in the infinite past. An instability of this state outside the quantum regime caused a "soft bang" by triggering an expansion that smoothly started with zero expansion rate, continuously increased, culminated in an exponentially inflating phase and ended through a phase transition, the further evolution being a Friedmann-Lemaitre evolution as in big bang models. As a necessary implication of the model the universe must be closed. All other parameters of the model are very similar to those of big bang models and comply with observational constraints.

  6. BIG METALS, SMALL LIGANDS: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE 15-COORDINATE COMPLEX THORIUM AMINODIBORANATE [Th(H3BN(CH3)2BH3)4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girolami, Gregory S.

    BIG METALS, SMALL LIGANDS: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE 15- COORDINATE COMPLEX THORIUM AMINODIBORANATE aminodiboranate ligands coordinate to the thorium center. The Werner coordination number of 15 in the solid state

  7. Seasonal and multiannual roost use by Rafinesque's Big-eared Bats in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loeb, Susan, C.; Zarnoch, Stanley, J.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Little is known about factors affecting year-round use of roosts by Rafinesque's big-eared bats (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) or the long-term fidelity of this species to anthropogenic or natural roosts. The objectives of this study were to test whether seasonal use of roosts by Rafinesque's big-eared bats varied with roost type and environmental conditions within and among seasons and to document multiannual use of natural and anthropogenic structures by this species. We inspected 4 bridges, 1 building, and 59 tree roosts possessing basal cavity openings; roosts were inspected at least once per week from May through October in every year from 2005 through 2008 and once a month from November through April in every year from 2005 through 2009. We found that use of anthropogenic roosts was significantly greater than the use of tree roosts in summer but that the use of structure types did not differ in other seasons. There was significant seasonal variation in use of anthropogenic and tree roosts. Anthropogenic roost use was higher in summer than in all other seasons. There was no significant difference in tree use among spring, summer, and fall, but use in winter was significantly lower in 2 years of the study. Overall use of anthropogenic and tree roosts was positively related to minimum temperature, but the relationship between use of roosts and minimum temperature varied among seasons. Bats showed multiannual fidelity ({ge} 4 years) to all anthropogenic roosts and to some tree roosts, but fidelity of bats to anthropogenic roosts was greater and more consistent than to tree roosts. Our data indicate that Rafinesque's big-eared bats responded differently to environmental conditions among seasons; thus, a variety of structure types and characteristics are necessary for conservation of these bats. We suggest long-term protection of roost structures of all types is necessary for conservation of Rafinesque's big-eared bats in the southeast Coastal Plain.

  8. Measuring and predicting reservoir heterogeneity in complex deposystems: The fluvial-deltaic Big Injun sandstone in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patchen, D.G.; Hohn, M.E.; Aminian, K.; Donaldson, A.; Shumaker, R.; Wilson, T.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research is to develop techniques to measure and predict heterogeneities in oil reservoirs that are the products of complex deposystems. The unit chosen for study is the Lower Mississippian Big Injun sandstone, a prolific oil producer (nearly 60 fields) in West Virginia. This research effort has been designed and is being implemented as an integrated effort involving stratigraphy, structural geology, petrology, seismic study, petroleum engineering, modeling and geostatistics. Sandstone bodies are being mapped within their regional depositional systems, and then sandstone bodies are being classified in a scheme of relative heterogeneity to determine heterogeneity across depositional systems. Facies changes are being mapped within given reservoirs, and the environments of deposition responsible for each facies are being interpreted to predict the inherent relative heterogeneity of each facies. Structural variations will be correlated both with production, where the availability of production data will permit, and with variations in geologic and engineering parameters that affect production. A reliable seismic model of the Big Injun reservoirs in Granny Creek field is being developed to help interpret physical heterogeneity in that field. Pore types are being described and related to permeability, fluid flow and diagenesis, and petrographic data are being integrated with facies and depositional environments to develop a technique to use diagenesis as a predictive tool in future reservoir development. Another objective in the Big Injun study is to determine the effect of heterogeneity on fluid flow and efficient hydrocarbon recovery in order to improve reservoir management. Graphical methods will be applied to Big Injun production data and new geostatistical methods will be developed to detect regional trends in heterogeneity.

  9. Summary of Degas II performance at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve Big Hill site.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudeen, David K. (GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Lord, David L.

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crude oil stored at the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) requires mitigation procedures to maintain oil vapor pressure within program delivery standards. Crude oil degasification is one effective method for lowering crude oil vapor pressure, and was implemented at the Big Hill SPR site from 2004-2006. Performance monitoring during and after degasification revealed a range of outcomes for caverns that had similar inventory and geometry. This report analyzed data from SPR degasification and developed a simple degas mixing (SDM) model to assist in the analysis. Cavern-scale oil mixing during degassing and existing oil heterogeneity in the caverns were identified as likely causes for the range of behaviors seen. Apparent cavern mixing patterns ranged from near complete mixing to near plug flow, with more mixing leading to less efficient degassing due to degassed oil re-entering the plant before 100% of the cavern oil volume was processed. The report suggests that the new cavern bubble point and vapor pressure regain rate after degassing be based on direct in-cavern measurements after degassing as opposed to using the plant outlet stream properties as a starting point, which understates starting bubble point and overstates vapor pressure regain. Several means to estimate the cavern bubble point after degas in the absence of direct measurement are presented and discussed.

  10. Studies of Nucleon Form Factors with 12 GeV CEBAF and SuperBigBite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jens-Ole Hansen

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elastic electromagnetic form factors are among the most fundamental quantities that describe the ground-state structure of the proton and neutron. Precision data of the form factors over a wide kinematical range provide a powerful test of current theories of hadron structure. A number of experiments aiming to measure the electric and magnetic elastic form factors of the neutron, G{sub E}{sup n} and G{sub M}{sup n}, and proton, G{sub E}{sup p}, at very high momentum transfer, up to the range of Q{sup 2} = 10-14 (GeV/c){sup 2}, are planned to be carried out with the future 11 GeV electron beam of the upgraded CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. These experiments will determine the nucleon form factors with unprecedented precision to Q{sup 2}-values up to three times higher than those of existing data. We review the approved proposals and the conceptual design of a new spectrometer, SuperBigBite, that will be used in these and other future experiments at Jefferson Lab.

  11. Dust production 680-850 million years after the Big Bang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Micha?owski, Micha? J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dust plays an important role in our understanding of the Universe, but it is not obvious yet how the dust in the distant universe was formed. I derived the dust yields per asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star and per supernova (SN) required to explain dust masses of galaxies at z = 6.3-7.5 (680-850 million years after the Big Bang) for which dust emission has been detected (HFLS3 at z = 6.34, ULAS J1120+0641 at z = 7.085, and A1689-zD1 at z = 7.5), or unsuccessfully searched for. I found very high required yields, implying that AGB stars could not contribute substantially to dust production at these redshifts, and that SNe could explain these dust masses, but only if they do not destroy majority of the dust they form (which is unlikely given the upper limits on the SN dust yields derived for dust non-detected galaxies). This suggests that the grain growth in the interstellar medium is likely required at these early epochs.

  12. Commons at the Intersection of Peer Production, Citizen Science, and Big Data: Galaxy Zoo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madison, Michael J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The knowledge commons research framework is applied to a case of commons governance grounded in research in modern astronomy. The case, Galaxy Zoo, is a leading example of at least three different contemporary phenomena. In the first place Galaxy Zoo is a global citizen science project, in which volunteer non-scientists have been recruited to participate in large-scale data analysis via the Internet. In the second place Galaxy Zoo is a highly successful example of peer production, sometimes known colloquially as crowdsourcing, by which data are gathered, supplied, and/or analyzed by very large numbers of anonymous and pseudonymous contributors to an enterprise that is centrally coordinated or managed. In the third place Galaxy Zoo is a highly visible example of data-intensive science, sometimes referred to as e-science or Big Data science, by which scientific researchers develop methods to grapple with the massive volumes of digital data now available to them via modern sensing and imaging technologies. This ...

  13. Phantom without phantom or how the PT symmetry saves us from the Big Rip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Andrianov; F. Cannata; A. Y. Kamenshchik; D. Regoli

    2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the PT symmetric flat Friedmann model of two scalar fields with positive kinetic terms. While the potential of one ("normal") field is taken real, that of the other field is complex. We study a complex classical solution of the system of the two Klein-Gordon equations together with the Friedmann equation. The solution for the normal field is real while the solution for the second field is purely imaginary, realizing classically the "phantom" behavior. The energy density and pressure are real and the corresponding geometry is well-defined. The Lagrangian for the linear perturbations has the correct potential signs for both the fields, so that the problem of stability does not arise. The background dynamics is determined by an effective action including two real fields one normal and one "phantom". Remarkably, the phantom phase in the cosmological evolution is transient and the Big Rip never occurs. Our model is contrasted to well-known quintom models, which also include one normal and one phantom fields.

  14. Interface modeling to predict well casing damage for big hill strategic petroleum reserve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil leaks were found in well casings of Caverns 105 and 109 at the Big Hill Strategic Petroleum Reserve site. According to the field observations, two instances of casing damage occurred at the depth of the interface between the caprock and top of salt. This damage could be caused by interface movement induced by cavern volume closure due to salt creep. A three dimensional finite element model, which allows each cavern to be configured individually, was constructed to investigate shear and vertical displacements across each interface. The model contains interfaces between each lithology and a shear zone to examine the interface behavior in a realistic manner. This analysis results indicate that the casings of Caverns 105 and 109 failed by shear stress that exceeded shear strength due to the horizontal movement of the top of salt relative to the caprock, and tensile stress due to the downward movement of the top of salt from the caprock, respectively. The casings of Caverns 101, 110, 111 and 114, located at the far ends of the field, are predicted to be failed by shear stress in the near future. The casings of inmost Caverns 107 and 108 are predicted to be failed by tensile stress in the near future.

  15. Fall Chinook Acclimation Project; Pittsburg Landing, Captain John Rapids, and Big Canyon, Annual Report 2002.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLeod, Bruce

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fisheries co-managers of U.S. v Oregon supported and directed the construction and operation of acclimation and release facilities for Snake River fall Chinook from Lyons Ferry Hatchery at three sites above Lower Granite Dam. In 1996, Congress instructed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USCOE) to construct, under the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP), final rearing and acclimation facilities for fall Chinook in the Snake River basin to complement their activities and efforts in compensating for fish lost due to construction of the lower Snake River dams. The Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) played a key role in securing funding and selecting acclimation sites, then assumed responsibility for operation and maintenance of the facilities. In 1997, Bonneville Power Administrative (BPA) was directed to fund operations and maintenance (O&M) for the facilities. Two acclimation facilities, Captain John Rapids and Pittsburg Landing, are located on the Snake River between Asotin, WA and Hells Canyon Dam and one facility, Big Canyon, is located on the Clearwater River at Peck. The Capt. John Rapids facility is a single pond while the Pittsburg Landing and Big Canyon sites consist of portable fish rearing tanks assembled and disassembled each year. Acclimation of 450,000 yearling smolts (150,000 each facility) begins in March and ends 6 weeks later. When available, an additional 2,400,000 fall Chinook sub-yearlings may be acclimated for 6 weeks, following the smolt release. The project goal is to increase the naturally spawning population of Snake River fall Chinook salmon upstream of Lower Granite Dam. This is a supplementation project; in that hatchery produced fish are acclimated and released into the natural spawning habitat for the purpose of returning a greater number of spawners to increase natural production. Only Snake River stock is used and production of juveniles occurs at Lyons Ferry Hatchery. This is a long-term project, targeted to work towards achieving delisting goals established by National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS or NOAA Fisheries) and ultimately to provide fall Chinook adults through the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan program as mitigation for construction and operation of the four lower Snake River dams. Complete adult returns (all age classes) for all three acclimation facilities occurred in the year 2002. Progeny (which would then be natural origin fish) would be counted towards achieving Endangered Species Act delisting criteria. In 2002, a total of 2,877,437 fish weighing 47,347 pounds were released from the three acclimation facilities. The total includes 479,358 yearling fish weighing 33,930 pounds and 2,398,079 sub-yearling fish weighing 19,115 pounds. This is the largest number of fish ever released in one year from the acclimation facilities.

  16. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Fisk, Justin P.; Holm, Jennifer; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bohrer, Gil; Gough, Christopher

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disturbance-induced tree mortality is a key factor regulating the carbon balance of a forest, but tree mortality and its subsequent effects are poorly represented processes in terrestrial ecosystem models. It is thus unclear whether models can robustly simulate moderate (non-catastrophic) disturbances, which tend to increase biological and structural complexity and are increasingly common in aging US forests. We tested whether three forest ecosystem models – Biome-BGC (BioGeochemical Cycles), a classic big-leaf model, and the ZELIG and ED (Ecosystem Demography) gap-oriented models – could reproduce the resilience to moderate disturbance observed in an experimentally manipulated forest (the Forest Accelerated Succession Experimentmore »in northern Michigan, USA, in which 38% of canopy dominants were stem girdled and compared to control plots). Each model was parameterized, spun up, and disturbed following similar protocols and run for 5 years post-disturbance. The models replicated observed declines in aboveground biomass well. Biome-BGC captured the timing and rebound of observed leaf area index (LAI), while ZELIG and ED correctly estimated the magnitude of LAI decline. None of the models fully captured the observed post-disturbance C fluxes, in particular gross primary production or net primary production (NPP). Biome-BGC NPP was correctly resilient but for the wrong reasons, and could not match the absolute observational values. ZELIG and ED, in contrast, exhibited large, unobserved drops in NPP and net ecosystem production. The biological mechanisms proposed to explain the observed rapid resilience of the C cycle are typically not incorporated by these or other models. It is thus an open question whether most ecosystem models will simulate correctly the gradual and less extensive tree mortality characteristic of moderate disturbances.« less

  17. The Possibility of Curved Spacetime, Black Holes, and Big Bang is Less than One Billionth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin He

    2007-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity whose nature is fundamental to the understanding of solar system, galaxies and the structure and evolution of the Universe, is theorized by the assumption of curved spacetime, according to Einstein`s general theory of relativity (EGR). Particles move on curved spacetime along straight lines (geodesics). In the last year, I proposed the mirrored version of EGR, the flat-spacetime general relativity (FGR), in which particles move along curved lines on flat spacetime. This puts gravitational study back to the traditional Lagrangian formulation. In fact, all claimed accurate verification of general relativity is the verification of FGR, because people when confronting GR to observational data, calculate time, distance, or angle by directly using the coordinates in Schwarzschild solution or in post Newtonian formulation. For example, people calculate the angles by directly using the coordinate $\\phi$. However, only when spacetime is flat does there exists one coordinate system which has direct meaning of time, distance, angle, and vice verse. This is the famous Riemann theorem. Therefore, the more claims are made that classical tests of general relativity fit data with great accuracy, the more falsified is the curved-spacetime assumption. People made three such specious claims to EGR as collected in the present paper. However, FGR predicts observationally verified results consistently for solar system, galaxies, and the universe on the whole. I show that the possibility of curved spacetime, black holes, and big bang is less than one billionth. An experiment is proposed whose results will completely decide the fate of curved spacetime assumption. with the original article `Einstein`s Geometrization vs. Holonomic Cancellation of Gravity via Spatial Coordinate-rescale` attached.

  18. A Qualitative Readiness-Requirements Assessment Model for Enterprise Big-Data Infrastructure Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL] [ORNL; McNair, Wade [ORNL] [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last three decades, there has been an exponential growth in the area of information technology providing the information processing needs of data-driven businesses in government, science, and private industry in the form of capturing, staging, integrating, conveying, analyzing, and transferring data that will help knowledge workers and decision makers make sound business decisions. Data integration across enterprise warehouses is one of the most challenging steps in the big data analytics strategy. Several levels of data integration have been identified across enterprise warehouses: data accessibility, common data platform, and consolidated data model. Each level of integration has its own set of complexities that requires a certain amount of time, budget, and resources to implement. Such levels of integration are designed to address the technical challenges inherent in consolidating the disparate data sources. In this paper, we present a methodology based on industry best practices to measure the readiness of an organization and its data sets against the different levels of data integration. We introduce a new Integration Level Model (ILM) tool, which is used for quantifying an organization and data system s readiness to share data at a certain level of data integration. It is based largely on the established and accepted framework provided in the Data Management Association (DAMA-DMBOK). It comprises several key data management functions and supporting activities, together with several environmental elements that describe and apply to each function. The proposed model scores the maturity of a system s data governance processes and provides a pragmatic methodology for evaluating integration risks. The higher the computed scores, the better managed the source data system and the greater the likelihood that the data system can be brought in at a higher level of integration.

  19. Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

    2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

  20. Origin of matter and space-time in the big bang

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathews, G. J. [University of Notre Dame, Center for Astrophysics/JINA, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA and Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kajino, T. [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Yamazaki, D. [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kusakabe, M. [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang 412-791, Korea and Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Cheoun, M.-K. [Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the case for and against a bulk cosmic motion resulting from the quantum entanglement of our universe with the multiverse beyond our horizon. Within the current theory for the selection of the initial state of the universe from the landscape multiverse there is a generic prediction that pre-inflation quantum entanglement with other universes should give rise to a cosmic bulk flow with a correlation length of order horizon size and a velocity field relative to the expansion frame of the universe. Indeed, the parameters of this motion are are tightly constrained. A robust prediction can be deduced indicating that there should be an overall motion of of about 800 km/s relative to the background space time as defined by the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This talk will summarize the underlying theoretical motivation for this hypothesis. Of course our motion relative to the background space time (CMB dipole) has been known for decades and is generally attributed to the gravitational pull of the local super cluster. However, this cosmic peculiar velocity field has been recently deduced out to very large distances well beyond that of the local super cluster by using X-ray galaxy clusters as tracers of matter motion. This is achieved via the kinematic component of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (KSZ) effect produced by Compton scattering of cosmic microwave background photons from the local hot intracluster gas. As such, this method measures peculiar velocity directly in the frame of the cluster. Similar attempts by our group and others have attempted to independently assess this bulk flow via Type la supernova redshifts. In this talk we will review the observation case for and against the existence of this bulk flow based upon the observations and predictions of the theory. If this interpretation is correct it has profound implications in that we may be observing for the first time both the physics that occurred before the big bang and the existence of the multiverse beyond our horizon.

  1. Criticality and Big Brake singularities in the tachyonic evolutions of closed Friedmann universes with cold dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, Zsolt; Kamenshchik, Alexander Yu; Gergely, László Á

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of a closed Friedmann universe filled by a tachyon scalar field with a trigonometric potential and cold dark matter (CDM) is investigated. A subset of the evolutions consistent to 1$\\sigma $ confidence level with the Union 2.1 supernova data set is identified. The evolutions of the tachyon field are classified. Some of them evolve into a de Sitter attractor, while others proceed through a pseudo-tachyonic regime into a sudden future singularity. Critical evolutions leading to Big Brake singularities in the presence of CDM are found and a new type of cosmological evolution characterized by singularity avoidance in the pseudo-tachyon regime is presented.

  2. A validation test for Adagio through replication of Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw JAS3D models.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Byoung Yoon

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JAS3D, a three dimensional iterative solid mechanics code, has been used for structural analyses for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve system since the 1990s. JAS3D is no longer supported by Sandia National Laboratories, and has been replaced by Adagio. To validate the transition from JAS3D to Adagio, the existing JAS3D input decks and user subroutines for Bayou Choctaw and Big Hill models were converted for use with Adagio. The calculation results from the Adagio runs are compared to the JAS3D. Since the Adagio results are very similar to the JAS3D results, Adagio is judged to be performing satisfactorily.

  3. In Defense of the National Labs and Big-Budget Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, J R

    2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to present the unofficial and unsanctioned opinions of a Visiting Scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on the values of LLNL and the other National Labs. The basic founding value and goal of the National Labs is big-budget scientific research, along with smaller-budget scientific research that cannot easily be done elsewhere. The most important example in the latter category is classified defense-related research. The historical guiding light here is the Manhattan Project. This endeavor was unique in human history, and might remain so. The scientific expertise and wealth of an entire nation was tapped in a project that was huge beyond reckoning, with no advance guarantee of success. It was in many respects a clash of scientific titans, with a large supporting cast, collaborating toward a single well-defined goal. Never had scientists received so much respect, so much money, and so much intellectual freedom to pursue scientific progress. And never was the gap between theory and implementation so rapidly narrowed, with results that changed the world, completely. Enormous resources are spent at the national or international level on large-scale scientific projects. LLNL has the most powerful computer in the world, Blue Gene/L. (Oops, Los Alamos just seized the title with Roadrunner; such titles regularly change hands.) LLNL also has the largest laser in the world, the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) has the most powerful microscope in the world. Not only is it beyond the resources of most large corporations to make such expenditures, but the risk exceeds the possible rewards for those corporations that could. Nor can most small countries afford to finance large scientific projects, and not even the richest can afford largess, especially if Congress is under major budget pressure. Some big-budget research efforts are funded by international consortiums, such as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, and the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarache, France, a magnetic-confinement fusion research project. The postWWII histories of particle and fusion physics contain remarkable examples of both international competition, with an emphasis on secrecy, and international cooperation, with an emphasis on shared knowledge and resources. Initiatives to share sometimes came from surprising directions. Most large-scale scientific projects have potential defense applications. NIF certainly does; it is primarily designed to create small-scale fusion explosions. Blue Gene/L operates in part in service to NIF, and in part to various defense projects. The most important defense projects include stewardship of the national nuclear weapons stockpile, and the proposed redesign and replacement of those weapons with fewer, safer, more reliable, longer-lived, and less apocalyptic warheads. Many well-meaning people will consider the optimal lifetime of a nuclear weapon to be zero, but most thoughtful people, when asked how much longer they think this nation will require them, will ask for some time to think. NIF is also designed to create exothermic small-scale fusion explosions. The malapropos 'exothermic' here is a convenience to cover a profusion of complexities, but the basic idea is that the explosions will create more recoverable energy than was used to create them. One can hope that the primary future benefits of success for NIF will be in cost-effective generation of electrical power through controlled small-scale fusion reactions, rather than in improved large-scale fusion explosions. Blue Gene/L also services climate research, genomic research, materials research, and a myriad of other computational problems that become more feasible, reliable, and precise the larger the number of computational nodes employed. Blue Gene/L has to be sited within a security complex for obvious reasons, but its value extends to the nation and the world. There is a duality here between large-scale scientific research machines and the supercomputers used

  4. Algorithmic Problems in Power Management Sandy Irani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pruhs, Kirk

    usage poses two types of difficulties: . Energy Consumption: As energy is power integrated over time a laptop on a long flight is familiar with this problem. . Temperature: The energy used in computing, supplying the required energy may become prohibitively expensive, or even technologically infeasible

  5. Algorithmic Problems in Power Management Sandy Irani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pruhs, Kirk

    usage poses two types of difficulties: · Energy Consumption: As energy is power integrated over time a laptop on a long flight is familiar with this problem. · Temperature: The energy used in computing, supplying the required energy may become prohibitively expensive, or even technologically infeasible

  6. Sandy, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBYSalton SeaBasinSandusky, Ohio: EnergySprings,

  7. OpenEI Community - Hurricane Sandy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and GasOff the GridHome All06/0 enFlowchart

  8. Women @ Energy: Giselle Sandi | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S.Department ofWomenFrancesca DeMello

  9. Sandy, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley, Nevada: Energy

  10. Hurricane Sandy | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunan Runhua New Energy Development Co LtdHunanProgrammeHurricane

  11. 9/18/09 2:07 PMSPACE.com --'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 8http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/090817-dark-energy-alternative.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:07 PMSPACE.com -- 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 8http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/090817-dark-energy-alternative.html What is Dark Energy? Universe Might Be Bigger and Older Than Expected In New? Register: Join Now! 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy By Clara Moskowitz Staff

  12. 9/18/09 2:17 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 20http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2319699/posts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    9/18/09 2:17 PM'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 20http' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Space.com ^ | 8/18/09 | Clara Moskowitz Posted on August 19'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 2 of 20http

  13. 8/24/09 11:48 AMSPACE.com --'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 10http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/090817-dark-energy-alternative.html#comments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    8/24/09 11:48 AMSPACE.com -- 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy Page 1 of 10http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/090817-dark-energy-alternative.html#comments What is Dark Energy? Universe Might Be Bigger and Older Than In New? Register: Join Now! 'Big Wave' Theory Offers Alternative to Dark Energy By Clara Moskowitz Staff

  14. Brain projects think big When you read these words, hundreds of million of nerve cells are electrically and chemically active in your brain. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segev, Idan

    Brain projects think big When you read these words, hundreds of million of nerve cells are electrically and chemically active in your brain. This activity enables you to recognize words, sense the world, learn, enjoy and create new things, and be curious about the world around you. Indeed, our brain

  15. MVYLI Team Explores Sustainable Development Best Practices Cerina Gordon has big dreams for her life and for her island. A senior at MVRHS, she aspires to become an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    with Professor John Gerber, a Sustainable Agriculture leader and a frequent Vineyard sailor. He leads the Living of sustainable living in eco-villages around the world. During their College Field Trip, MVYLI youth stayedMVYLI Team Explores Sustainable Development Best Practices Cerina Gordon has big dreams for her

  16. Tutorizacin virtual con BigBlueButton para la docencia de la estadstica en el mbito de la prevencin de lesiones deportivas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    /n, Burjassot, 46100, Spain Área Temática: Experiencias en formación de estadística en salud Este trabajo decidió utilizar la plataforma de enseñanza a distancia BigBlueButton (BBB) como recurso docente para

  17. Forecasting the financial trends facing intercollegiate athletic programs of public institutions as identified by athletic directors of the ACC, Big 12 and SEC Conferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penry, Jason Coy

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    football championship game. Data Collection: The data was collected confidentially through qualitative and quantitative measures. Initially, a qualitative exploratory poll was conducted to forecast the trends of revenue generation and cost... FORECASTING THE FINANCIAL TRENDS FACING INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC PROGRAMS OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AS IDENTIFIED BY ATHLETIC DIRECTORS OF THE ACC, BIG 12 AND SEC CONFERENCES A Dissertation by JASON COY PENRY Submitted...

  18. Interview with Professor Robbie Waugh on potato genetics Interviewer: How big an impact has our growing knowledge of genetics had on the general revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swain, Peter

    Interview with Professor Robbie Waugh on potato genetics Interviewer: How big an impact has our or that trait. Interviewer: What has that meant for controlling pests and diseases in plants like the potato and cereal crops? Professor Robbie Waugh: In terms of some crop plants I think potato will be a good example

  19. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  20. The Substation of the Future: A Feasibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to recognize their postdoctoral researchers and graduate students that contributed to the research and creation

  1. Progress Report, Substation No. 2, Troup, Texas, 1901-1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hotchkiss, W.S.

    1917-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are sugge~tecl for home we. They are giren in the order in ~vhicl, tl~cy ripen aid ~houlcl give a goo& suc- ceqzion throu,ch tl~e sewon : l\\la~flowcr, TTictor, Xed Bird Cling, Alton, Tellow Swan, Cii~man, Slap13-. Hobson. Family Fa~~orite, Elbertd, Stell...

  2. Proposed Transmission Towers Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Marina Lacamas Lacamas Lake Park Lake Park Lacamas Lacamas Park Trail Park Trail Tarbell Trail Tarbell Trail T a r b e l l T r a i l T a r b e l l T r a i l Tarbell Tarbell...

  3. Corn Variety Experiments, Substation no. 3, Angleton, Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . omid, Soils H. SCHMIDT b. V. s Veterinarian E. B. REYNOLDS, M. S., Agronom~st, Small Grains D. H. BENP~~T. V. M. D.,Veferinarian E. W. GEYER. B. S., Agronomist; Farm Super iniendenl CHEMISTRY **SALOME COMSTOCK, B. S., Seed Analvd G S FRAPS...

  4. Detection of Periodic Beacon Loads in Electrical Distribution Substation Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Guttromson, Ross T.; Lu, Ning; Boyd, Paul A.; Trudnowski, Daniel; Chassin, David P.; Bonebrake, Christopher A.; Shaw, James M.

    2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This research explores methods for identifying a whether a load is sending a signal to the utility SCADA system. Such a system can identify whether various loads are signialing using existing SCADA infrastructure, that is, without added, high cost communications infrastructure.

  5. Categorical Exclusion for Pinnacle Peak Substation PCB contaminated...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    B, B1.17: "Removal of Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-containing items, such as transformers and capacitors, PCB-containing oils flushed from transformers, PCB-flushing...

  6. Progress Report of Substation No. 12, Chillicothe, Texas, 1905- 1914.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, R.W.

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chillicothe. In 1911 a new location of thirty acres was secured adjoining the townsite on the uorthmest and along the Fort Worth RT Denver City Railroad. This land was used until 1915, when a tract of one hundred acres, situated five miles southwest... it or acl- vocating its adoption by farmers. Some new plants, of course, show up so poorly that thej map be discarded after one trial, while it is difficult to place others even after growing them several Fears. In addition to the sorghums, a large...

  7. Microsoft Word - CX-ColumbiaREADaytonSubstationTap_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mike Normandeau Customer Account Executive - PSE-SPOKANE Proposed Action: Columbia Rural Electric...

  8. Microsoft Word - CX-Coos-CurryNorwaySubstation_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Shari Sundeen Public Utilities Specialist - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Line and load interconnection of...

  9. EIS-0483: Estes to Flatiron Substation Transmission Lines Rebuild Project,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartmentDepartment ofDepartment ofStatement | Department ofLarimer

  10. Variable Voltage Substation Electric Fire and Emergency Response |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment of Energy Photo of a vaporDepartment of

  11. IEEE aims to improve seismic design of power substations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasReleaseSpeechesHallNotSeventyTechnologies |

  12. Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergy Christopher| Department of EnergyRestoring

  13. Benefits of Using Mobile Transformers and Mobile Substations for Rapidly

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13, 2009OakDepartment ofThe employment and

  14. A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki Home Jweers's APTAPFinal Report | OpenEnergy

  15. Microsoft Word - Tacoma-Raver-Substation-Antenna-CX.doc

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement of the National NuclearRegulation;I07 Annual Plan091 Analysis

  16. Proposed Transmission Towers Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route Segments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah47,193.70 HgPromising MagnesiumDOE/RichlandStructure and

  17. Big Stick/Four Eyes fields: structural, stratigraphic, and hydrodynamic trapping within Mission Canyon Formation, Williston basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breig, J.J.

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mississippian Mission Canyon formation of the Williston basin is the region's most prolific oil producing horizon. Big Stick/Four Eyes is among the most prolific of the Mission Canyon fields. Primary production from 87 wells is projected to reach 47 million bbl of oil. An additional 10-20 million bbl may be recovered through waterflooding. The complex was discovered in 1977 by the Tenneco 1-29 BN, a wildcat with primary objectives in the Devonian Duperow and Ordovician Red River Formations. A series of Mission Canyon discoveries followed in the Big Stick, Treetop, T-R, and Mystery Creek fields. Early pressure studies showed that these fields were part of an extensive common reservoir covering 44.75 mi/sup 2/ (115.91 km/sup 2/). The reservoir matrix is formed from restricted marine dolostones deposited on a low-relief ramp. Landward are algal-laminated peritidal limestones and saline and supratidal evaporites of a sabkhalike shoreline system. Open-marine limestones, rich in crinoids, brachiopods, and corals, mark the seaward limit of reservoir facies. Regressive deposition placed a blanket of anhydrite over the carbonate sequence providing a seal for the reservoir. Lateral trapping is accomplished through a combination of processes. Upper reservoir zones form belts of porosity that parallel the northeasterly trending shoreline. The trend is cut by the northward plunging Billings anticline, which provides structural closure to the north. Facies changes pinch out porosity to the south and east. Trapping along depositional strike to the southwest is only partially controlled by stratigraphic or structural factors. A gentle tilt of 25 ft per mi (5 m per km) occurs in the oil-water contact to the east-northeast, due to freshwater influx from Mississippian outcrop on the southern and southwestern basin margins.

  18. Anomalous zones in Gulf Coast Salt domes with special reference to Big Hill, TX, and Weeks Island, LA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States); Thoms, R.L. [AGM, Inc., College Station, TX (United States); Autin, W.J.; McCulloh, R.P. [Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Denzler, S.; Byrne, K.O. [Acres International Corp., Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Anomalous features in Gulf Coast Salt domes exhibit deviations from normally pure salt and vary widely in form from one dome to the next, ranging considerably in length and width. They have affected both conventional and solution mining in several ways. Gas outbursts, insolubles, and potash (especially carnallite) have led to the breakage of tubing in a number of caverns, and caused irregular shapes of many caverns through preferential leaching. Such anomalous features essentially have limited the lateral extent of conventional mining at several salt mines, and led to accidents and even the closing of several other mines. Such anomalous features, are often aligned in anomalous zones, and appear to be related to diapiric processes of salt dome development. Evidence indicates that anomalous zones are found between salt spines, where the differential salt intrusion accumulates other materials: Anhydrite bands which are relatively strong, and other, weaker impurities. Shear zones and fault displacement detected at Big Hill and Weeks Island domes have not yet had any known adverse impacts on SPR oil storage, but new caverns at these sites conceivably may encounter some potentially adverse conditions. Seismic reflection profiles at Big Hill dome have shown numerous fractures and faults in the caprock, and verified the earlier recognition of a major shear zone transecting the entire salt stock and forming a graben in the overlying caprock. Casing that is placed in such zones can be at risk. Knowledge of these zones should create awareness of possible effects rather than preclude the future emplacement of caverns. To the extent possible, major anomalous zones and salt stock boundaries should be avoided. Shear zones along overhangs may be particularly hazardous, and otherwise unknown valleys in the top of salt may occur along shear zones. These zones often can be mapped geophysically, especially with high-resolution seismic techniques.

  19. A Reply to "Comment on 'Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal $?_?\\leftrightarrow?_?$ Mixing in Super Kamiokande?'"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiangdong Shi; George M. Fuller

    1998-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In the paper "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and Active-Sterile Neutrino Mixing: Evidence for Maximal Muon-Neutrino/Sterile-Neutrino Mixing in Super Kamiokande" (astro-ph/9810075), we suggested that to evade the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis exclusion of the muon neutrino to sterile neutrino oscillation explanation of the Super Kamiokande data, the tau neutrino must have a mass over about 15 eV and it must mix with a lighter sterile neutrino. A stable tau neutrino with this mass is inconsistent with cosmological structure formation. In a comment on our paper (astro-ph/9811067), Foot and Volkas argued that our result is incorrect and that the required tau neutrino mass should be much lower. Here we back up our original result with a more detailed calculation. We show that the argument of Foot and Volkas is invalid, most likely due to an insufficient energy resolution in the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

  20. Dealing with big circulation flow, small temperature difference based on verified dynamic model simulations of a hot water district heating system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEALING WITH “BIG CIRCULATION FLOW RATE, SMALL TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE” BASED ON VERIFIED DYNAMIC MODEL SIMULATIONS OF A HOT WATER DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM Li Lian Zhong, Senior Sales Consultant, Danfoss Automatic Controls Management (Shanghai...) Co.,Ltd, Anshan, China ABSTRACT Dynamic models of an indirect hot water district heating system were developed based on the first principle of thermodynamics. The ideal model was verified by using measured operational data. The ideal...

  1. Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and Gamma-Ray Constraints on Cosmic Strings with a large Higgs condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. F. Santana Mota; Mark Hindmarsh

    2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider constraints on cosmic strings from their emission of Higgs particles, in the case that the strings have a Higgs condensate with amplitude of order the string mass scale, assuming that a fraction of the energy of condensate can be turned into radiation near cusps. The injection of energy by the decaying Higgs particles affects the light element abundances predicted by standard Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN), and also contributes to the Diffuse Gamma-Ray Background (DGRB) in the universe today. We examine the two main string scenarios (Nambu-Goto and field theory), and find that the primordial Helium abundance strongly constrains the string tension and the efficiency of the emission process in the NG scenario, while the strongest BBN constraint in the FT scenario comes from the Deuterium abundance. The Fermi-LAT measurement of the DGRB constrains the field theory scenario even more strongly than previously estimated from EGRET data, requiring that the product of the string tension {\\mu} and Newton's constant G is bounded by G{\\mu} < 2.7x10^{-11}{\\beta}_{ft}^{-2}, where {\\beta}_{ft}^2 is the fraction of the strings' energy going into Higgs particles.

  2. A revised thermonuclear rate of $^{7}$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^{4}$He relevant to Big-Bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, S Q; Kubono, S; Chen, Y S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the standard Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) model, the primordial $^7$Li abundance is overestimated by about a factor of 2--3 comparing to the astronomical observations, so called the pending cosmological lithium problem. The $^7$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^4$He reaction, which may affect the $^7$Li abundance, was regarded as the secondary important reaction in destructing the $^7$Be nucleus in BBN. However, the thermonuclear rate of $^7$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^4$He has not been well studied so far. This reaction rate was firstly estimated by Wagoner in 1969, which has been generally adopted in the current BBN simulations and the reaction rate library. This simple estimation involved only a direct-capture reaction mechanism, but the resonant contribution should be also considered according to the later experimental results. In this work, we have revised this rate based on the indirect cross-section data available for the $^4$He($\\alpha$,$n$)$^7$Be and $^4$He($\\alpha$,$p$)$^7$Li reactions, with the charge symmetry and deta...

  3. Sonar atlas of caverns comprising the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume 2, Big Hill Site, Texas.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Lord, Anna Snider

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Downhole sonar surveys from the four active U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites have been modeled and used to generate a four-volume sonar atlas, showing the three-dimensional geometry of each cavern. This volume 2 focuses on the Big Hill SPR site, located in southeastern Texas. Volumes 1, 3, and 4, respectively, present images for the Bayou Choctaw SPR site, Louisiana, the Bryan Mound SPR site, Texas, and the West Hackberry SPR site, Louisiana. The atlas uses a consistent presentation format throughout. The basic geometric measurements provided by the down-cavern surveys have also been used to generate a number of geometric attributes, the values of which have been mapped onto the geometric form of each cavern using a color-shading scheme. The intent of the various geometrical attributes is to highlight deviations of the cavern shape from the idealized cylindrical form of a carefully leached underground storage cavern in salt. The atlas format does not allow interpretation of such geometric deviations and anomalies. However, significant geometric anomalies, not directly related to the leaching history of the cavern, may provide insight into the internal structure of the relevant salt dome.

  4. Mountain Association for Community Economic Development- How$martKY On Bill Financing Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four rural utility cooperatives in Eastern Kentucky (Big Sandy RECC, Fleming-Mason RECC, Grayson RECC, and Jackson Energy) work with MACED to provide energy retrofits as part of utility service...

  5. New Constraints on Radiative Decay of Long-Lived Particles in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with New $^4$He Photodisintegration Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motohiko Kusakabe; Toshitaka Kajino; Takashi Yoshida; Tatsushi Shima; Yasuki Nagai; Toshiteru Kii

    2009-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent measurement of $^4$He photodisintegration reactions, $^4$He($\\gamma$,$p$)$^3$H and $^4$He($\\gamma$,$n$)$^3$He with laser-Compton photons shows smaller cross sections than those estimated by other previous experiments at $E_\\gamma \\lesssim 30$ MeV. We study big-bang nucleosynthesis with the radiative particle decay using the new photodisintegration cross sections of $^4$He as well as previous data. The sensitivity of the yields of all light elements D, T, $^3$He, $^4$He, $^6$Li, $^7$Li and $^7$Be to the cross sections is investigated. The change of the cross sections has an influence on the non-thermal yields of D, $^3$He and $^4$He. On the other hand, the non-thermal $^6$Li production is not sensitive to the change of the cross sections at this low energy, since the non-thermal secondary synthesis of $^6$Li needs energetic photons of $E_\\gamma \\gtrsim 50$ MeV. The non-thermal nucleosynthesis triggered by the radiative particle decay is one of candidates of the production mechanism of $^6$Li observed in metal-poor halo stars (MPHSs). In the parameter region of the radiative particle lifetime and the emitted photon energy which satisfies the $^6$Li production above the abundance level observed in MPHSs, the change of the photodisintegration cross sections at $E_\\gamma \\lesssim 30$ MeV as measured in the recent experiment leads to $\\sim 10$% reduction of resulting $^3$He abundance, whereas the $^6$Li abundance does not change for this change of the cross sections of $^4$He($\\gamma$,$p$)$^3$H and $^4$He($\\gamma$,$n$)$^3$He. The $^6$Li abundance, however, could show a sizable change and therefore the future precise measurement of the cross sections at high energy $E_\\gamma \\gtrsim$ 50 MeV is highly required.

  6. A revised thermonuclear rate of $^{7}$Be($n$,$?$)$^{4}$He relevant to Big-Bang nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Q. Hou; J. J. He; S. Kubono; Y. S. Chen

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In the standard Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) model, the primordial $^7$Li abundance is overestimated by about a factor of 2--3 comparing to the astronomical observations, so called the pending cosmological lithium problem. The $^7$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^4$He reaction, which may affect the $^7$Li abundance, was regarded as the secondary important reaction in destructing the $^7$Be nucleus in BBN. However, the thermonuclear rate of $^7$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^4$He has not been well studied so far. This reaction rate was firstly estimated by Wagoner in 1969, which has been generally adopted in the current BBN simulations and the reaction rate library. This simple estimation involved only a direct-capture reaction mechanism, but the resonant contribution should be also considered according to the later experimental results. In this work, we have revised this rate based on the indirect cross-section data available for the $^4$He($\\alpha$,$n$)$^7$Be and $^4$He($\\alpha$,$p$)$^7$Li reactions, with the charge symmetry and detailed-balance principle. Our new result shows that the previous rate (acting as an upper limit) is overestimated by about a factor of ten. The BBN simulation shows that the present rate leads to a 1.2\\% increase in the final $^7$Li abundance compared to the result using the Wagoner rate, and hence the present rate even worsens the $^7$Li problem. By the present estimation, the role of $^7$Be($n$,$\\alpha$)$^4$He in destroying $^7$Be is weakened from the secondary importance to the third, and the $^7$Be($d$,$p$)2$^4$He reaction becomes of secondary importance in destructing $^7$Be.

  7. Engineering Study for a Full Scale Demonstration of Steam Reforming Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific's Mill in Big Island, Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert De Carrera; Mike Ohl

    2002-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia-Pacific Corporation performed an engineering study to determine the feasibility of installing a full-scale demonstration project of steam reforming black liquor chemical recovery at Georgia-Pacific's mill in Big Island, Virginia. The technology considered was the Pulse Enhanced Steam Reforming technology that was developed and patented by Manufacturing and Technology Conversion, International (MTCI) and is currently licensed to StoneChem, Inc., for use in North America. Pilot studies of steam reforming have been carried out on a 25-ton per day reformer at Inland Container's Ontario, California mill and on a 50-ton per day unit at Weyerhaeuser's New Bern, North Carolina mill.

  8. Complexity in Big History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spier, Fred

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within released by nuclear fission processes and the energyheat and later by nuclear fission processes. Yet over time,

  9. The Big Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Sikivie

    2001-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The late infall of cold dark matter onto an isolated galaxy, such as our own, produces streams and caustics in its halo. The outer caustics are topological spheres whereas the inner caustics are rings. The self-similar model of galactic halo formation predicts that the caustic ring radii $a_n$ follow the approximate law $a_n \\sim 1/n$. In a study of 32 extended and well-measured external galactic rotation curves evidence was found for this law. In the case of the Milky Way, the locations of eight sharp rises in the rotation curve fit the prediction of the self-similar model at the 3% level. Moreover, a triangular feature in the IRAS map of the galactic plane is consistent with the imprint of a ring caustic upon the baryonic matter. These observations imply that the dark matter in our neighborhood is dominated by a single flow. Estimates of that flow's density and velocity vector are given.

  10. Complexity in Big History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spier, Fred

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the increasing energy output of the sun. As James Lovelockinstance, the free energy rate density of the Sun to be muchbasis the Sun emits a far greater amount of energy than the

  11. Big Mysteries: Extra Dimensions

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The weakness of gravity compared to the other subatomic forces is a real mystery. While nobody knows the answer, one credible solution is that gravity has access to more spatial dimensions than the other three known forces. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln describes this idea, with the help of some very urbane characters.

  12. Big Questions: Dark Matter

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Carl Sagan's oft-quoted statement that there are "billions and billions" of stars in the cosmos gives an idea of just how much "stuff" is in the universe. However scientists now think that in addition to the type of matter with which we are familiar, there is another kind of matter out there. This new kind of matter is called "dark matter" and there seems to be five times as much as ordinary matter. Dark matter interacts only with gravity, thus light simply zips right by it. Scientists are searching through their data, trying to prove that the dark matter idea is real. Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln tells us why we think this seemingly-crazy idea might not be so crazy after all.

  13. Big Mysteries: Dark Energy

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientists were shocked in 1998 when the expansion of the universe wasn't slowing down as expected by our best understanding of gravity at the time; the expansion was speeding up! That observation is just mind blowing, and yet it is true. In order to explain the data, physicists had to resurrect an abandoned idea of Einstein's now called dark energy. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln tells us a little about the observations that led to the hypothesis of dark energy and what is the status of current research on the subject.

  14. Big Mysteries: Dark Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientists were shocked in 1998 when the expansion of the universe wasn't slowing down as expected by our best understanding of gravity at the time; the expansion was speeding up! That observation is just mind blowing, and yet it is true. In order to explain the data, physicists had to resurrect an abandoned idea of Einstein's now called dark energy. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln tells us a little about the observations that led to the hypothesis of dark energy and what is the status of current research on the subject.

  15. Big Opportunities WINTER 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    of Informatics and Computing inauguration event. [page 5] 12Thomas Sterling receives prestigious award IUB's Thomas Sterling named the first recipient of The Exascale Report's HPC Vanguard Award. 18 Alumni profiles intelligence and software engineering were coined in the early days of the field and have helped to define

  16. Big Bang Day : Today

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Andrew Marr will be reporting live from the CERN control room for the Today programme, with correspondent Tom Feilden. (Wednesday 10th September, 6.00-9.00am )

  17. Small Particles, Big Impact

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3Biology| National Nuclear SecurityDepartmentSmall

  18. Measuring and predicting reservoir heterogeneity in complex deposystems. The fluvial-deltaic Big Injun Sandstone in West Virginia. Final report, September 20, 1991--October 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohn, M.E.; Patchen, D.G.; Heald, M.; Aminian, K.; Donaldson, A.; Shumaker, R.; Wilson, T.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-uniform composition and permeability of a reservoir, commonly referred to as reservoir heterogeneity, is recognized as a major factor in the efficient recovery of oil during primary production and enhanced recovery operations. Heterogeneities are present at various scales and are caused by various factors, including folding and faulting, fractures, diagenesis and depositional environments. Thus, a reservoir consists of a complex flow system, or series of flow systems, dependent on lithology, sandstone genesis, and structural and thermal history. Ultimately, however, fundamental flow units are controlled by the distribution and type of depositional environments. Reservoir heterogeneity is difficult to measure and predict, especially in more complex reservoirs such as fluvial-deltaic sandstones. The Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium (AONGRC), a partnership of Appalachian basin state geological surveys in Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, and West Virginia University, studied the Lower Mississippian Big Injun sandstone in West Virginia. The Big Injun research was multidisciplinary and designed to measure and map heterogeneity in existing fields and undrilled areas. The main goal was to develop an understanding of the reservoir sufficient to predict, in a given reservoir, optimum drilling locations versus high-risk locations for infill, outpost, or deeper-pool tests.

  19. TL1A induces the expression of TGF-b-inducible gene h3 (big-h3) through PKC, PI3K, and ERK in THP-1 cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Won-Ha

    TL1A induces the expression of TGF-b-inducible gene h3 (big-h3) through PKC, PI3K, and ERK in THP-1 of protein kinase C (PKC), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphoinositide kinase-3 (PI3K blocked the phos- phorylation of AKT without affecting ERK phosphorylation. On the other hand, suppression

  20. EA-1886: Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership- Phase III: Large Volume CO2 Injection-Site Characterization, Well Drilling, and Infrastructure Development, Injection, MVA, and Site Closure, Kevin Dome, Toole County, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal for the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Regional Partnership to demonstrate the viability and safety of CO2 storage in a regionally significant subsurface formation in Toole County, Montana and to promote the commercialization of future anthropogenic carbon storage in this region.