Equilibrium Tail Distribution Due to Touschek Scattering
Nash,B.; Krinsky, S.
2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
Single large angle Coulomb scattering is referred to as Touschek scattering. In addition to causing particle loss when the scattered particles are outside the momentum aperture, the process also results in a non-Gaussian tail, which is an equilibrium between the Touschek scattering and radiation damping. Here we present an analytical calculation for this equilibrium distribution.
METHODOLOGY. TIME DISTRIBUTION OF MOSSBAUER SCATTERED RADIATION
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
METHODOLOGY. TIME DISTRIBUTION OF MOSSBAUER SCATTERED RADIATION H. DROST, K. PALOW and G. WEYER distribution en temps du rayonnement reemis par un absorbant Mossbauer. Des effets d'interference dus a l la reponse de 1'absorbant. Les mesures ont et6 realisees avec le rayonnement Mossbauer a 14.4 keV du
Symanzik, Jürgen
, distributed computing environment Martin Schneider Philipps-Universit¨at Marburg Dept. of Mathemathics
Ward, Greg
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
437. DOE/ LBNL FY12 Technical Report Deliverable Lawrence326. DOE/ LBNL FY12 Technical Report Deliverable Zhao S. ,DOE/ LBNL FY12 Technical Report Deliverable Supplemental
Ward, Gregory
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
D and a set of sky patch luminances, we can compute thewindow s = sky vector, assigning luminance values to patchessky condition, we could quickly compute the outgoing luminance
Proton Angular Distribution for 90 Mev Neutron-proton Scattering
Hadley, James
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
3, 1947 The angular distribution of the recoil protons inneutron -proton scattering at 90 Mev has been measured forNO. W ..7405-Eng 48 PROTON .ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION FOR 90 lWEV
Stokes, Eleanor (Eleanor Catherine)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effective use of complex fenestration systems (CFS) in buildings requires a detailed knowledge of their optical spectral and directional properties. Bidirectional scattering functions (BSDFs), either in transmission ...
Jedek, Christoph
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J.A. , Beckman, W.A. (1991). Solar engineering of thermalA new method for predicting the solar heat gain of complexfenestration systems. ASHRAE Solar Heat Gain Project 548-RP
Jedek, Christoph
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
References References ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 (2010).that applied in the American ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 (2010)The adaptive model after ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 (2010, p.
Jedek, Christoph
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
like heat transfer through radiation, convection,J.R. (1972). Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer. New York, NY:radiation, it follows, that adjacent bodies exchange energy in form of heat transfer.
Proton Angular Distribution for 90 Mev Neutron-proton Scattering
Hadley, James
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
recoil protons in neutron -proton scattering at 90 Mev hasFOR 90 lWEV NEUTRON-PROTON SCATTERING James Hadley, Cecil E.
Polarization of photons scattered by electrons in any spectral distribution
Chang, Zhe; Lin, Hai-Nan [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing (China); Jiang, Yunguo, E-mail: jiangyg@ihep.ac.cn [School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, 264209 Weihai (China)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
On the basis of the quantum electrodynamics, we present a generic formalism of the polarization for beamed monochromatic photons scattered by electrons in any spectral distribution. The formulae reduce to the components of the Fano matrix when electrons are at rest. We mainly investigate the polarization in three scenarios, i.e., electrons at rest, isotropic electrons with a power-law spectrum, and thermal electrons. If the incident beam is polarized, the polarization is reduced significantly by isotropic electrons at large viewing angles; the degree of polarization caused by thermal electrons is about half of that caused by power-law electrons. If the incident bean is unpolarized, soft ?-rays can lead to about 15% polarization at viewing angles around ?/4. For isotropic electrons, one remarkable feature is that the polarization as a function of the incident photon energy always peaks roughly at 1 MeV; this is valid for both the thermal and power-law cases. This feature can be used to distinguish the model of the inverse Compton scattering from that of the synchrotron radiation.
Chu, Shih-I; Dalgarno, A.
1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effective close-coupling method of Rabitz is tested and used to calculate the angular distributions of the elastic and inelastic scattering of molecular hydrogen in collision with atomic hydrogen when rotational transitions may occur...
MSbar quark distribution and dipole scattering matrix elements at high energy
F. Hautmann; D. E. Soper
2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the operator relation that connects the renormalized quark distribution in the MSbar scheme with the Wilson-line correlator representing dipole scattering in the s-channel picture.
Alkhazov, G. D.; Sarantsev, V. V., E-mail: saran@pnpi.spb.ru [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute NRC KI (Russian Federation)
2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
In order to clear up the sensitivity of the nucleus-nucleus scattering to the nuclear matter distributions in exotic halo nuclei, we have calculated differential cross sections for elastic scattering of the {sup 6}He and {sup 11}Li nuclei on several nuclear targets at the energy of 0.8 GeV/nucleon with different assumed nuclear density distributions in {sup 6}He and {sup 11}Li.
Directional Stand-off Detection of Fast Neutrons and Gammas Using Angular Scattering Distributions
Vanier P. e.; Dioszegi, I.; Salwen, C.; Forman, L.
2009-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We have investigated the response of a DoubleScatter Neutron Spectrometer (DSNS) for sources at long distances (gr than 200 meters). We find that an alternative method for analyzing double scatter data avoids some uncertainties introduced by amplitude measurements in plastic scintillators.Time of flight is used to discriminate between gamma and neutron events, and the kinematic distributions of scattering angles are assumed to apply. Non-relativistic neutrons are most likely to scatter at 45°, while gammas with energies greater than 2 MeV are most likely to be forward scattered. The distribution of scattering angles of fission neutrons arriving from a distant point source generates a 45° cone, which can be back-projected to give the source direction. At the same time, the distribution of Compton-scattered gammas has a maximum in the forward direction, and can be made narrower by selecting events that deposit minimal energy in the first scattering event. We have further determined that the shape of spontaneous fission neutron spectra at ranges gr than 110 m is still significantly different from thecosmic ray background.
Energy distribution of Compton-scattered gamma rays
Moreland, Richard Wayne
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
JJ 0 O 100 ~ ~ ~ IL ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 180 200. 220 240 260 280 300 $20 $40L Qypma Re@ gner8y, t, 'kelp, Figure 14. Plot of experimental Compton spectrum from CHf-scatterer, from which background in Fig. 15 has been subtracted. Statistical error...
Bidirectional buck boost converter
Esser, A.A.M.
1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
A bidirectional buck boost converter and method of operating the same allows regulation of power flow between first and second voltage sources in which the voltage level at each source is subject to change and power flow is independent of relative voltage levels. In one embodiment, the converter is designed for hard switching while another embodiment implements soft switching of the switching devices. In both embodiments, first and second switching devices are serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a first voltage source with third and fourth switching devices serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a second voltage source. A free-wheeling diode is coupled, respectively, in parallel opposition with respective ones of the switching devices. An inductor is coupled between a junction of the first and second switching devices and a junction of the third and fourth switching devices. Gating pulses supplied by a gating circuit selectively enable operation of the switching devices for transferring power between the voltage sources. In the second embodiment, each switching device is shunted by a capacitor and the switching devices are operated when voltage across the device is substantially zero. 20 figs.
Bidirectional buck boost converter
Esser, Albert Andreas Maria (Niskayuna, NY)
1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
A bidirectional buck boost converter and method of operating the same allows regulation of power flow between first and second voltage sources in which the voltage level at each source is subject to change and power flow is independent of relative voltage levels. In one embodiment, the converter is designed for hard switching while another embodiment implements soft switching of the switching devices. In both embodiments, first and second switching devices are serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a first voltage source with third and fourth switching devices serially coupled between a relatively positive terminal and a relatively negative terminal of a second voltage source. A free-wheeling diode is coupled, respectively, in parallel opposition with respective ones of the switching devices. An inductor is coupled between a junction of the first and second switching devices and a junction of the third and fourth switching devices. Gating pulses supplied by a gating circuit selectively enable operation of the switching devices for transferring power between the voltage sources. In the second embodiment, each switching device is shunted by a capacitor and the switching devices are operated when voltage across the device is substantially zero.
A POSSIBLE DIVOT IN THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF THE KUIPER BELT'S SCATTERING OBJECTS
Shankman, C.; Gladman, B. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agriculture Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Kaib, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Queens University (Canada); Kavelaars, J. J. [National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Petit, J. M. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-Universite de Franche-Comte, Besancon (France)
2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
Via joint analysis of a calibrated telescopic survey, which found scattering Kuiper Belt objects, and models of their expected orbital distribution, we explore the scattering-object (SO) size distribution. Although for D > 100 km the number of objects quickly rise as diameters decrease, we find a relative lack of smaller objects, ruling out a single power law at greater than 99% confidence. After studying traditional ''knees'' in the size distribution, we explore other formulations and find that, surprisingly, our analysis is consistent with a very sudden decrease (a divot) in the number distribution as diameters decrease below 100 km, which then rises again as a power law. Motivated by other dynamically hot populations and the Centaurs, we argue for a divot size distribution where the number of smaller objects rises again as expected via collisional equilibrium. Extrapolation yields enough kilometer-scale SOs to supply the nearby Jupiter-family comets. Our interpretation is that this divot feature is a preserved relic of the size distribution made by planetesimal formation, now ''frozen in'' to portions of the Kuiper Belt sharing a ''hot'' orbital inclination distribution, explaining several puzzles in Kuiper Belt science. Additionally, we show that to match today's SO inclination distribution, the supply source that was scattered outward must have already been vertically heated to the of order 10 Degree-Sign .
J. Mol. Biol. (1975) 91, 101-120 A Neutron Scattering Study of the Distribution of Protein
1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. Mol. Biol. (1975) 91, 101-120 A Neutron Scattering Study of the Distribution of Protein and RNA coli have been measured by neutron scattering experiments on the intact subunit. In addition the radius, 1972; Lutter et al., 1972), and neutron scattering (Engelman & Moore, 1972; Moore et al., 1974
Generalized parton distributions and rapidity gap survival in exclusive diffractive pp scattering
Leonid Frankfurt; Charles Hyde-Wright; Mark Strikman; Christian Weiss
2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a new approach to the problem of rapidity gap survival (RGS) in the production of high-mass systems (H = dijet, heavy quarkonium, Higgs boson) in double-gap exclusive diffractive pp scattering, pp-->p + (gap) + H + (gap) + p. It is based on the idea that hard and soft interactions proceed over widely different time- and distance scales and are thus approximately independent. The high-mass system is produced in a hard scattering process with exchange of two gluons between the protons. Its amplitude is calculable in terms of the gluon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) in the protons, which can be measured in J= production in exclusive ep scattering. The hard scattering process is modified by soft spectator interactions, which we calculate in a model-independent way in terms of the pp elastic scattering amplitude. Contributions from inelastic intermediate states are suppressed. A simple geometric picture of the interplay of hard and soft interactions in diffraction is obtained. The onset of the black-disk limit in pp scattering at TeV energies strongly suppresses diffraction at small impact parameters and is the main factor in determining the RGS probability. Correlations between hard and soft interactions (e.g. due to scattering from the long-range pion field of the proton, or due to possible short-range transverse correlations between partons) further decrease the RGS probability. We also investigate the dependence of the diffractive cross section on the transverse momenta of the final-state protons (''diffraction pattern''). By measuring this dependence one can perform detailed tests of the interplay of hard and soft interactions, and even extract information about the gluon GPD in the proton. Such studies appear to be feasible with the planned forward detectors at the LHC.
Gary R. Goldstein; J. Osvaldo Gonzalez Hernandez; Simonetta Liuti
2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
We present a physically motivated parametrization of the chiral-even generalized parton distributions in the non-singlet sector obtained from a global analysis using a set of available experimental data. Our analysis is valid in the kinematical region of intermediate Bjorken $x$ and for $Q^2$ in the multi-GeV region which is accessible at present and currently planned facilities. Relevant data included in our fit are from the nucleon elastic form factors measurements, from deep inelastic scattering experiments. Additional information provided by lattice calculations of the higher moments of generalized parton distributions, is also considered. Recently extracted observables from Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering on the nucleon are reproduced by our fit.
Leading neutron energy and pT distributions in deep inelastic scattering and photoproduction at HERA
ZEUS Collaboration; S. Chekanov
2007-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
The production of energetic neutrons in $ep$ collisions has been studied with the ZEUS detector at HERA. The neutron energy and $p_T^2$ distributions were measured with a forward neutron calorimeter and tracker in a $40 \\pb^{-1}$ sample of inclusive deep inelastic scattering (DIS) data and a $6 \\pb^{-1}$ sample of photoproduction data. The neutron yield in photoproduction is suppressed relative to DIS for the lower neutron energies and the neutrons have a steeper $p_T^2$ distribution, consistent with the expectation from absorption models. The distributions are compared to HERA measurements of leading protons. The neutron energy and transverse-momentum distributions in DIS are compared to Monte Carlo simulations and to the predictions of particle exchange models. Models of pion exchange incorporating absorption and additional secondary meson exchanges give a good description of the data.
Koh, Wonshill
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
The light propagation in highly scattering turbid media composed of the particles with different size distribution is studied using a Monte Carlo simulation model implemented in Standard C. Monte Carlo method has been widely utilized to study...
Richter, Andrew G [ORNL; Dergunov, Sergey [ORNL; Ganus, Bill [University of Memphis; Thomas, Zachary P [ORNL; Pingali, Sai Venkatesh [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Liu, Yun [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Porcar, Lionel [ORNL; Pinkhassik, Eugene [University of Memphis
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hydrophobic monomers partially phase separate from saturated lipids when loaded into lipid bilayers in amounts exceeding a 1:1 monomer/lipid molar ratio. This conclusion is based on the agreement between two independent methods of examining the structure of monomer-loaded bilayers. Complete phase separation of monomers from lipids would result in an increase in bilayer thickness and a slight increase in the diameter of liposomes. A homogeneous distribution of monomers within the bilayer would not change the bilayer thickness and would lead to an increase in the liposome diameter. The increase in bilayer thickness, measured by the combination of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), was approximately half of what was predicted for complete phase separation. The increase in liposome diameter, measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS), was intermediate between values predicted for a homogeneous distribution and complete phase separation. Combined SANS, SAXS, and DLS data suggest that at a 1.2 monomer/lipid ratio approximately half of the monomers are located in an interstitial layer sandwiched between lipid sheets. These results expand our understanding of using self-assembled bilayers as scaffolds for the directed covalent assembly of organic nanomaterials. In particular, the partial phase separation of monomers from lipids corroborates the successful creation of nanothin polymer materials with uniform imprinted nanopores. Pore-forming templates do not need to span the lipid bilayer to create a pore in the bilayer-templated films.
Richter, Andrew [Valparaiso University; Dergunov, Sergey [University of Memphis; Ganus, Bill [University of Memphis; Thomas, Zachary [University of Memphis; Pingali, Sai Venkatesh [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Liu, Yun [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Porcar, Lionel [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Pinkhassik, Eugene [University of Memphis
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hydrophobic monomers partially phase separate from saturated lipids when loaded into lipid bilayers in amounts exceeding a 1:1 monomer/lipid molar ratio. This conclusion is based on the agreement between two independent methods of examining the structure of monomer-loaded bilayers. Complete phase separation of monomers from lipids would result in an increase in bilayer thickness and a slight increase in the diameter of liposomes. A homogeneous distribution of monomers within the bilayer would not change the bilayer thickness and would lead to an increase in the liposome diameter. The increase in bilayer thickness, measured by the combination of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), was approximately half of what was predicted for complete phase separation. The increase in liposome diameter, measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS), was intermediate between values predicted for a homogeneous distribution and complete phase separation. Combined SANS, SAXS, and DLS data suggest that at a 1.2 monomer/lipid ratio approximately half of the monomers are located in an interstitial layer sandwiched between lipid sheets. These results expand our understanding of using self-assembled bilayers as scaffolds for the directed covalent assembly of organic nanomaterials. In particular, the partial phase separation of monomers from lipids corroborates the successful creation of nanothin polymer materials with uniform imprinted nanopores. Pore-forming templates do not need to span the lipid bilayer to create a pore in the bilayer-templated films.
Spectro-polarimetric bidirectional reflectance distribution function
Gartley, Michael G.
. Spectra of a car panel for clean and contaminated states derived using laboratory data are injected in the laboratory to provide a quantified environment and allow for the contaminated state of a car panel
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside theFacebook Twitter YouTube FlickrResearchBRUThis Memorial DayLower|Scattering Print
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey Inside theFacebook Twitter YouTube FlickrResearchBRUThis Memorial DayLower|Scattering
Qi, Shi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Standard candles are one of the most important tools to study the universe. In this paper, the constraints of standards candles on the cosmological parameters are estimated for different cases. The dependence of the constraints on the intrinsic scatter of the luminosity relation and the redshift distribution of the standard candles is specifically investigated. The results, especially for the constraints on the components of the universe, clearly show that constraints from standard candles at different redshifts have different degeneracy orientations, thus standard candles with a wide redshift distribution can self break the degeneracy and improve the constraints significantly. As a result of this, even with the current level of tightness of known luminosity relations, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) can give comparable tightness of constraint with type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) on the components of the universe as long as the redshifts of the GRBs are diversifying enough. However, for a substantial constraint on the da...
S. Terashima; H. Sakaguchi; H. Takeda; T. Ishikawa; M. Itoh; T. Kawabata; T. Murakami; M. Uchida; Y. Yasuda; M. Yosoi; J. Zenihiro; H. P. Yoshida; T. Noro; T. Ishida; S. Asaji; T. Yonemura
2008-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
Cross sections and analyzing powers for proton elastic scattering from $^{116,118,120,122,124}$Sn at 295 MeV have been measured for a momentum transfer of up to about 3.5 fm$^{-1}$ to deduce systematic changes of the neutron density distribution. We tuned the relativistic Love-Franey interaction to explain the proton elastic scattering of a nucleus whose density distribution is well known. Then, we applied this interaction to deduce the neutron density distributions of tin isotopes. The result of our analysis shows the clear systematic behavior of a gradual increase in the neutron skin thickness of tin isotopes with mass number.
Ion distributions at charged aqueous surfaces: Synchrotron X-ray scattering studies
Bu, Wei
2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Surface sensitive synchrotron X-ray scattering studies were performed to obtain the distribution of monovalent ions next to a highly charged interface at room temperature. To control surface charge density, lipids, dihexadecyl hydrogen-phosphate (DHDP) and dimysteroyl phosphatidic acid (DMPA), were spread as monolayer materials at the air/water interface, containing CsI at various concentrations. Five decades in bulk concentrations (CsI) are investigated, demonstrating that the interfacial distribution is strongly dependent on bulk concentration. We show that this is due to the strong binding constant of hydronium H3O+ to the phosphate group, leading to proton-transfer back to the phosphate group and to a reduced surface charge. Using anomalous reflectivity off and at the L3 Cs+ resonance, we provide spatial counterion (Cs+) distributions next to the negatively charged interfaces. The experimental ion distributions are in excellent agreement with a renormalized surface charge Poisson-Boltzmann theory for monovalent ions without fitting parameters or additional assumptions. Energy Scans at four fixed momentum transfers under specular reflectivity conditions near the Cs+ L3 resonance were conducted on 10-3 M CsI with DHDP monolayer materials on the surface. The energy scans exhibit a periodic dependence on photon momentum transfer. The ion distributions obtained from the analysis are in excellent agreement with those obtained from anomalous reflectivity measurements, providing further confirmation to the validity of the renormalized surface charge Poisson-Boltzmann theory for monovalent ions. Moreover, the dispersion corrections f0 and f00 for Cs+ around L3 resonance, revealing the local environment of a Cs+ ion in the solution at the interface, were extracted simultaneously with output of ion distributions.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Gorelik, Tatiana E.; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Schmidt, Martin U.; Kolb, Ute
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper shows for the first time that pair-distribution function analyses can be carried out on organic and organo-metallic compounds from powder electron diffraction data. Different experimental setups are demonstrated, including selected area electron diffraction (SAED) and nanodiffraction in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or nanodiffraction in scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) modes. The methods were demonstrated on organo-metallic complexes (chlorinated and unchlorinated copper-phthalocyanine) and on purely organic compounds (quinacridone). The PDF curves from powder electron diffraction data, called ePDF, are in good agreement with PDF curves determined from X-ray powder data demonstrating that the problems of obtaining kinematical scattering datamore »and avoiding beam-damage of the sample are possible to resolve.« less
Isochronal synchrony and bidirectional communication with delay-coupled nonlinear oscillators
Brian B. Zhou; Rajarshi Roy
2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a basic mechanism for isochronal synchrony and communication with mutually delay-coupled chaotic systems. We show that two Ikeda ring oscillators (IROs), mutually coupled with a propagation delay, synchronize isochronally when both are symmetrically driven by a third Ikeda oscillator. This synchronous operation, unstable in the two delay-coupled oscillators alone, facilitates simultaneous, bidirectional communication of messages with chaotic carrier waveforms. This approach to combine both bidirectional and unidirectional coupling represents an application of generalized synchronization using a mediating drive signal for a spatially distributed and internally synchronized multi-component system.
Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid
Teodorescu, Remus
Sistemes Automàtica i Informàtica Industrial Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Abstract. In this paper, parallel-connected bidirectional converters for AC and DC hybrid microgrid application energy sources [3-6]. A hybrid microgrid can be made up of distributed renewable source, AC and DC common
Diez Muino, R.; Rolles, D.; Garcia de Abajo, F.J.; Fadley, C.S.; Van Hove, M.A.
2001-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
We use multiple scattering in non-spherical potentials (MSNSP) to calculate the angular distributions of electrons photoemitted from the 1s-shells of CO and N2 gas-phase molecules with fixed-in-space orientations. For low photoelectron kinetic energies (E<50 eV), as appropriate to certain shape-resonances, the electron scattering must be represented by non-spherical scattering potentials, which are naturally included in our formalism. Our calculations accurately reproduce the experimental angular patterns recently measured by several groups, including those at the shape-resonance energies. The MSNSP theory thus enhances the sensitivity to spatial electronic distribution and dynamics, paving the way toward their determination from experiment.
Prokudin, Alexey; Anselmino, Mauro; Boglione, Mariaelena; Melis, Stefano; Gonzalez, J. O.
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The unpolarised transverse momentum dependent distribution and fragmentation functions (TMDs) are extracted from HERMES and COMPASS experimental measurements of semi- inclusive deep inelastic scattering multiplicities for charged hadron production. A simple factorised functional form of the TMDs is adopted, with a Gaussian dependence on the intrinsic transverse momentum, which turns out to be quite adequate in shape.
Spatial Orientation and Distribution of Reservoir Fractures from Scattered Seismic Energy
Vetri, Laura
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the details of a new method for determining the reflection and scattering characteristics of seismic
Sunny, E. E.; Martin, W. R. [University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor MI 48109 (United States)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Current Monte Carlo codes use one of three models to model neutron scattering in the epithermal energy range: (1) the asymptotic scattering model, (2) the free gas scattering model, or (3) the S({alpha},{beta}) model, depending on the neutron energy and the specific Monte Carlo code. The free gas scattering model assumes the scattering cross section is constant over the neutron energy range, which is usually a good approximation for light nuclei, but not for heavy nuclei where the scattering cross section may have several resonances in the epithermal region. Several researchers in the field have shown that using the free gas scattering model in the vicinity of the resonances in the lower epithermal range can under-predict resonance absorption due to the up-scattering phenomenon. Existing methods all involve performing the collision analysis in the center-of-mass frame, followed by a conversion back to the laboratory frame. In this paper, we will present a new sampling methodology that (1) accounts for the energy-dependent scattering cross sections in the collision analysis and (2) acts in the laboratory frame, avoiding the conversion to the center-of-mass frame. The energy dependence of the scattering cross section was modeled with even-ordered polynomials to approximate the scattering cross section in Blackshaw's equations for the moments of the differential scattering PDFs. These moments were used to sample the outgoing neutron speed and angle in the laboratory frame on-the-fly during the random walk of the neutron. Results for criticality studies on fuel pin and fuel assembly calculations using these methods showed very close comparison to results using the reference Doppler-broadened rejection correction (DBRC) scheme. (authors)
Systems and methods for bi-directional energy delivery with galvanic isolation
Kajouke, Lateef A.
2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Systems and methods are provided for bi-directional energy delivery. A charging system comprises a first bi-directional conversion module, a second bi-directional conversion module, and an isolation module coupled between the first bi-directional conversion module and the second bi-directional conversion module. The isolation module provides galvanic isolation between the first bi-directional conversion module and the second bi-directional conversion module.
Bailey-Kellogg, Chris
SCATTERING DATA Paritosh A. Kavathekar Department of Computer Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 of Computer Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 0375 Email: devin@cs.dartmouth.edu Abstract: Scattering of neutrons and x-rays from molecules in solution offers alternative approaches to the studying of a wide
Spatial Orientation And Distribution Of Reservoir Fractures From Scattered Seismic Energy
Vetri, Laura
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the details of a new method for determining the reflection and scattering characteristics of seismic energy from subsurface fractured formations. The method is based upon observations we have made from 3D finite ...
Spatial Orientation And Distribution Of Reservoir Fractures From Scattered Seismic Energy
Vetri, Laura
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Expanded details and additional results are presented using a new method (Willis et al, 2003) for determining the reflection and scattering characteristics of seismic energy from subsurface fractured formations. The method ...
Tsao, Cheng-Si [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Li, Mingda [ORNL; Zhang, Yang [ORNL; Leao, Juscelino B [ORNL; Chiang, Wei-Shan [ORNL; Chung, Tsui-Yun [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taiwan; Tzeng, Yi-Ren [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taiwan; Chen, Sow-hsin H [ORNL
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The spatial distribution of hydrogen physically adsorbed in a nanoporous carbon at room temperature (RT) as a function of H2 gas pressure is investigated for the first time using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). A hierarchical pore structure consisting of micropores and a fractal mesopore network of the used activated carbon is also studied to correlate the relationship between the spatial distribution of hydrogen and the pore confinement. The cylinder-like cluster of aggregated hydrogen is formed and is confined in the disklike micropore. The evolution of spatial structures of adsorbed hydrogen with hydrogen pressure is elucidated. A direct experimental observation of the spatial distribution and the behavior of hydrogen adsorbed in the porous materials at RT is still scarce to date. The analysis results obtained by SANS provide new information for the future investigations of the RT storage mechanism of hydrogen in the nanoporous materials developed for the purpose of on-board hydrogen storage.
A model for motor-mediated bidirectional transport along an antipolar microtubule bundle
Congping Lin; Peter Ashwin; Gero Steinberg
2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
Long-distance bidirectional transport of organelles depends on the motor proteins kinesin and dynein. Using quantitative data obtained from a fungal model system, we previously developed ASEP-models of bidirectional motion of motors along unipolar microtubules (MTs) near the cell ends of the elongated hyphal cells (herein referred as "unipolar section"). However, recent quantitative live cell imaging in this system has demonstrated that long-range motility of motors and their endosomal cargo mainly occurs along extended antipolar microtubule bundles within the central part of the cell (herein referred to as "bipolar section"). Dynein and kinesin-3 motors coordinate their activity to move early endosomes (EEs) in a bidirectional fashion, with dynein mediating retrograde motility along the unipolar section near the cell poles, whereas kinesin-3 is responsible for bidirectional motions along the antipolar section. Here we extend our modelling approach to simulate bidirectional motility along an antipolar microtubule bundle. In our model, cargos (particles) change direction on each MT with a turning rate $\\Omega$ and the MTs are linked to each other at the minus ends where particles can hop between MTs with a rate $q_1$ (obstacle-induced switching rate) or $q_2$ (end-induced switching rate). By numerical simulations and mean-field approximations, we investigate the distribution of particles along the MTs for different overall densities $\\Theta$. We find that even if $\\Theta$ is low, the system can exhibit shocks in the density profiles near plus and minus ends caused by queueing of particles. We also discuss how the switching rates $q_{1,2}$ influence the type of motor that dominates the active transport in the bundle.
Bi-directional planar slide mechanism
Bieg, Lothar F.
2003-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
A bi-directional slide mechanism. A pair of master and slave disks engages opposite sides of the platform. Rotational drivers are connected to master disks so the disks rotate eccentrically about their respective axes of rotation. Opposing slave disks are connected to master disks on opposite sides of the platform by a circuitous mechanical linkage, or are electronically synchronized together using stepper motors, to effect coordinated motion. The synchronized eccentric motion of the pairs of master/slave disks compels smooth linear motion of the platform forwards and backwards without backlash. The apparatus can be incorporated in a MEMS device.
Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing
Zha, Gecheng
Parametric Trade Study for Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Jiaye Gan , Alexis Lefebvre for supersonic bi-directional flying wing(SBiDir-FW). The mission requirements for this su- personic plane on the airplane surface in order to mitigate sonic boom and improve aerodynamic efficiency. The trade study has
D. Seipt; B. Kampfer
2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Non-linear Compton scattering in ultra-short intense laser pulses is discussed with the focus on angular distributions of the emitted photon energy. This is an observable which is accessible easily experimentally. Asymmetries of the azimuthal distributions are predicted for both linear and circular polarization. We present a systematic survey of the influence of the laser intensity, the carrier envelope phase and the laser polarization on the emission spectra for single-cycle and few-cycle laser pulses. For linear polarization, the dominant direction of the emission changes from a perpendicular pattern with respect to the laser polarization at low-intensity to a dominantly parallel emission for high-intensity laser pulses.
Seipt, D
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Non-linear Compton scattering in ultra-short intense laser pulses is discussed with the focus on angular distributions of the emitted photon energy. This is an observable which is accessible easily experimentally. Asymmetries of the azimuthal distributions are predicted for both linear and circular polarization. We present a systematic survey of the influence of the laser intensity, the carrier envelope phase and the laser polarization on the emission spectra for single-cycle and few-cycle laser pulses. For linear polarization, the dominant direction of the emission changes from a perpendicular pattern with respect to the laser polarization at low-intensity to a dominantly parallel emission for high-intensity laser pulses.
Secure Computation in a Bidirectional Relay
Kashyap, Navin; Thangaraj, Andrew
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bidirectional relaying, where a relay helps two user nodes to exchange equal length binary messages, has been an active area of recent research. A popular strategy involves a modified Gaussian MAC, where the relay decodes the XOR of the two messages using the naturally-occurring sum of symbols simultaneously transmitted by user nodes. In this work, we consider the Gaussian MAC in bidirectional relaying with an additional secrecy constraint for protection against a honest but curious relay. The constraint is that, while the relay should decode the XOR, it should be fully ignorant of the individual messages of the users. We exploit the symbol addition that occurs in a Gaussian MAC to design explicit strategies that achieve perfect independence between the received symbols and individual transmitted messages. Our results actually hold for a more general scenario where the messages at the two user nodes come from a finite Abelian group, and the relay must decode the sum within the group of the two messages. We pr...
The full weak charge density distribution of 48Ca from parity violating electron scattering
Lin, Z
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Background: The ground state neutron density of a medium mass nucleus contains fundamental nuclear structure information and is at present relatively poorly known. Purpose: We explore if parity violating elastic electron scattering can provide a feasible and model independent way to determine not just the neutron radius but the full radial shape of the neutron density $\\rho_n(r)$ and the weak charge density $\\rho_W(r)$ of a nucleus. Methods: We expand the weak charge density of $^{48}$Ca in a model independent Fourier Bessel series and calculate the statistical errors in the individual coefficients that might be obtainable in a model parity violating electron scattering experiment. Results: We find that it is feasible to determine roughly six Fourier Bessel coefficients of the weak charge density of 48Ca within a reasonable amount of beam time. However, it would likely be much harder to determine the full weak density of a significantly heavier nucleus such as 208Pb. Conclusions: Parity violating elastic elec...
Imaging with Scattered Neutrons
H. Ballhausen; H. Abele; R. Gaehler; M. Trapp; A. Van Overberghe
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a novel experimental technique for neutron imaging with scattered neutrons. These scattered neutrons are of interest for condensed matter physics, because they permit to reveal the local distribution of incoherent and coherent scattering within a sample. In contrast to standard attenuation based imaging, scattered neutron imaging distinguishes between the scattering cross section and the total attenuation cross section including absorption. First successful low-noise millimeter-resolution images by scattered neutron radiography and tomography are presented.
Neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering as a probe of neutron density distributions
Kelly Patton; Jonathan Engel; Gail C. McLaughlin; Nicolas Schunck
2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Neutrino-nucleus coherent elastic scattering provides a theoretically appealing way to measure the neutron part of nuclear form factors. Using an expansion of form factors into moments, we show that neutrinos from stopped pions can probe not only the second moment of the form factor (the neutron radius) but also the fourth moment. Using simple Monte Carlo techniques for argon, germanium, and xenon detectors of 3.5 tonnes, 1.5 tonnes, and 300 kg, respectively, we show that the neutron radii can be found with an uncertainty of a few percent when near a neutrino flux of $3\\times10^{7}$ neutrinos/cm$^{2}$/s. If the normalization of the neutrino flux is known independently, one can determine the moments accurately enough to discriminate among the predictions of various nuclear energy functionals.
Wu, Chi
Polyimide MOHAMMAD SIDDIQ,1 CHI WU2 1 Department of Chemistry, Gomal University. D.I. Khan, North of an unfractionated polyimide (UPI) in CHCl3 at 25°C. The Laplace inversion of precisely measured intensity for the characterization of the molecular weight distribution of polyimide. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci
Engel, Jonathan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW C 86, 024612 (2012) Neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering as a probe of neutron manuscript received 25 July 2012; published 30 August 2012) Neutrino-nucleus coherent elastic scattering provides a theoretically appealing way to measure the neutron part of nuclear form factors. Using
A Bidirectional Deposition Model of Wax Crayons Dave Rudolf
Mould, David
A Bidirectional Deposition Model of Wax Crayons Dave Rudolf dave.rudolf@usask.ca David Mould mould present a physically-inspired model of wax crayons, which synthesizes drawings from collections of user that evolves as it interacts with the paper. The amount of wax deposition is computed based on the crayon
Onar, Omer C [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will play a vital role in future sustainable transportation systems due to their potential in terms of energy security, decreased environmental impact, improved fuel economy, and better performance. Moreover, new regulations have been established to improve the collective gas mileage, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce dependence on foreign oil. This paper primarily focuses on two major thrust areas of PHEVs. First, it introduces a grid-friendly bidirectional alternating current/direct current ac/dc dc/ac rectifier/inverter for facilitating vehicle-to-grid (V2G) integration of PHEVs. Second, it presents an integrated bidirectional noninverted buck boost converter that interfaces the energy storage device of the PHEV to the dc link in both grid-connected and driving modes. The proposed bidirectional converter has minimal grid-level disruptions in terms of power factor and total harmonic distortion, with less switching noise. The integrated bidirectional dc/dc converter assists the grid interface converter to track the charge/discharge power of the PHEV battery. In addition, while driving, the dc/dc converter provides a regulated dc link voltage to the motor drive and captures the braking energy during regenerative braking.
Czarnecki, Krzysztof
-Processor-Based Systems Rodrigo Queiroz Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Leonardo Passos University of Waterloo Canada Marco Tulio Valente Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Sven Apel University of Passau investment of creating modules and in- terfaces (when possible). Hence, we argue that scattering
Baptiste Guegan
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The exclusive leptoproduction of a real photon is considered to be the "cleanest" way to access the Generalized Parton Distribution (GPD). This process is called Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) lN {yields} lN{gamma} , and is sensitive to all the four GPDs. Measuring the DVCS cross section is one of the main goals of this thesis. In this thesis, we present the work performed to extract on a wide phase-space the DVCS cross-section from the JLab data at a beam energy of 6 GeV.
Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter for PHEV Applications
Abas Goodarzi
2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) require high power density energy storage system (ESS) for hybrid operation and high energy density ESS for Electric Vehicle (EV) mode range. However, ESS technologies to maximize power density and energy density simultaneously are not commercially feasible. The use of bi-directional DC-DC converter allows use of multiple energy storage, and the flexible DC-link voltages can enhance the system efficiency and reduce component sizing. This will improve fuel consumption, increase the EV mode range, reduce the total weight, reduce battery initial and life cycle cost, and provide flexibility in system design.
An Analysis of the Bidirectional LMS Algorithm over Fast-Fading Channels
Yýlmaz, Özgür
1 An Analysis of the Bidirectional LMS Algorithm over Fast-Fading Channels Yavuz Yapici and Ali ¨Ozg¨ur Yilmaz Abstract A bidirectional LMS algorithm is considered for estimation of fast frequency. INTRODUCTION The adaptive least mean square (LMS) algorithm is of interest with its simple first order update
Reactive Power Operation Analysis of a Single-Phase EV/PHEV Bidirectional Battery Charger
Tolbert, Leon M.
Reactive Power Operation Analysis of a Single-Phase EV/PHEV Bidirectional Battery Charger Mithat C, and peak shaving since they carry an on-board battery charger. However, to allow bidirectional power transfer, the PHEV battery charger should be designed to manage such reactive power capability. This study
Chevron beam dump for ITER edge Thomson scattering system
Yatsuka, E.; Hatae, T.; Bassan, M.; Itami, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Vayakis, G. [ITER Organization, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)] [ITER Organization, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper contains the design of the beam dump for the ITER edge Thomson scattering system and mainly concerns its lifetime under the harsh thermal and electromagnetic loads as well as tight space allocation. The lifetime was estimated from the multi-pulse laser-induced damage threshold. In order to extend its lifetime, the structure of the beam dump was optimized. A number of bent sheets aligned parallel in the beam dump form a shape called a chevron which enables it to avoid the concentration of the incident laser pulse energy. The chevron beam dump is expected to withstand thermal loads due to nuclear heating, radiation from the plasma, and numerous incident laser pulses throughout the entire ITER project with a reasonable margin for the peak factor of the beam profile. Structural analysis was also carried out in case of electromagnetic loads during a disruption. Moreover, detailed issues for more accurate assessments of the beam dump's lifetime are clarified. Variation of the bi-directional reflection distribution function (BRDF) due to erosion by or contamination of neutral particles derived from the plasma is one of the most critical issues that needs to be resolved. In this paper, the BRDF was assumed, and the total amount of stray light and the absorbed laser energy profile on the beam dump were evaluated.
Guzey, V.; Teckentrup, T. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik II, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)
2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We develop the minimal model of a new leading order parametrization of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) introduced by Polyakov and Shuvaev. The model for GPDs H and E is formulated in terms of the forward quark distributions, the Gegenbauer moments of the D-term, and the forward limit of the GPD E. The model is designed primarily for small and medium-size values of x{sub B}, x{sub B}{<=}0.2. We examine two different models of the t dependence of the GPDs: the factorized exponential model and the nonfactorized Regge-motivated model. Using our model, we successfully described the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) cross section measured by H1 and ZEUS, the moments of the beam-spin A{sub LU}{sup sin{phi}}, the beam-charge A{sub C}{sup cos{phi}}, and the transversely polarized target A{sub UT}{sup sin{phi}}{sup cos{phi}} DVCS asymmetries measured by HERMES and A{sub LU}{sup sin{phi}} measured by CLAS. The data on A{sub C}{sup cos{phi}} prefer the Regge-motivated model of the t dependence of the GPDs. The data on A{sub UT}{sup sin{phi}}{sup cos{phi}} indicate that the u and d quarks carry only a small fraction of the proton total angular momentum.
Dryzek, Jerzy [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków (Poland) [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków (Poland); Institute of Physics, Opole University, ul. Oleska 48, 45-052 Opole (Poland); Siemek, Krzysztof [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków (Poland)] [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków (Poland)
2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
The spatial distribution of positrons emitted from radioactive isotopes into stacks or layered samples is a subject of the presented report. It was found that Monte Carlo (MC) simulations using GEANT4 code are not able to describe correctly the experimental data of the positron fractions in stacks. The mathematical model was proposed for calculations of the implantation profile or positron fractions in separated layers or foils being components of a stack. The model takes into account only two processes, i.e., the positron absorption and backscattering at interfaces. The mathematical formulas were applied in the computer program called LYS-1 (layers profile analysis). The theoretical predictions of the model were in the good agreement with the results of the MC simulations for the semi infinite sample. The experimental verifications of the model were performed on the symmetrical and non-symmetrical stacks of different foils. The good agreement between the experimental and calculated fractions of positrons in components of a stack was achieved. Also the experimental implantation profile obtained using the depth scanning of positron implantation technique is very well described by the theoretical profile obtained within the proposed model. The LYS-1 program allows us also to calculate the fraction of positrons which annihilate in the source, which can be useful in the positron spectroscopy.
Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Demand-Side Resources
will involve into a grid with intelligent periphery (GrIP). There will be IP addressable sensors everywhere and distribution systems. These sensors connect to the internet. Data from them are available anywhere, anytime. The distribution infrastructure will partially support reconfigurable bi-directional power flow through intelligent
Predictive Simulation of Bidirectional Glenn Shunt Using a Hybrid Blood Vessel Model
Leow, Wee Kheng
Predictive Simulation of Bidirectional Glenn Shunt Using a Hybrid Blood Vessel Model Hao Li1 to model the deformation of blood vessels. The hybrid blood vessel model consists of a reference Cosserat rod and a surface mesh. The reference Cosserat rod models the blood vessel's global bending
ON THE BIDIRECTIONALITY OF THE JWKB CONNECTION FORMULA AT A LINEAR TURNING POINT
Silverstone, Harris J.
ON THE BIDIRECTIONALITY OF THE JWKB CONNECTION FORMULA AT A LINEAR TURNING POINT Hujun SHENa1) connection formula is demonstrated by a simple numerical example constructed from a linear potential and a box. Keywords: JWKB; Connection formula; Borel sum; Asymptotic expansion; Tunneling; Jeffreys
Examination of a PHEV Bidirectional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation
Tolbert, Leon M.
Examination of a PHEV Bidirectional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation Mithat C power transfer, the PHEV battery charger should be designed to manage such capability. While many different battery chargers have been available since the inception of the first electric vehicles (EVs), on
Variable mode bi-directional and uni-directional computer communication system
Cornett, Frank N.; Jenkins, Philip N.; Bowman, Terrance L.; Placek, Joseph M.; Thorson, Gregory M.
2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
A variable communication systems comprising a plurality of transceivers and a control circuit connected to the transceivers to configure the transceivers to operate in a bi-directional mode and a uni-directional mode at different times using different transfer methods to transfer data.
Zha, Gecheng
that propagates to ground from the shock waves created by a supersonic airplane and its components. PlotkinSupersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing Configuration with Low Sonic Boom and High Aerodynamic@miami.edu Abstract In this paper, a parametric study is conducted to optimize a business jet using supersonic bi
Supersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing, Part II: Conceptual Design of a High Speed Civil Transport
Zha, Gecheng
° so that the side of the airplane during supersonic flight becomes the front of the airplane airplanes and is not a serious problem for transonic flight due to the low supersonic Mach numberSupersonic Bi-Directional Flying Wing, Part II: Conceptual Design of a High Speed Civil Transport
Texas at Austin. University of
Measuring Molecular Motor Forces In Vivo: Implications for Tug-of-War Models of Bidirectional, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas ABSTRACT Molecular motor proteins use the energy released from the force motors generate amounts to directly probing their function. We report on optical trapping
On Benefits of Network Coding in Bidirected Networks and Hyper-networks
Li, Zongpeng
. It was shown that network coding helps increase the throughput and reduce the cost of data transmission to study the coding advantage in two types of parameterized networks, with richer modeling power. The firstOn Benefits of Network Coding in Bidirected Networks and Hyper-networks Xunrui Yin, Xin Wang, Jin
A SingleQuery BiDirectional Probabilistic Roadmap Planner with Lazy Collision Checking
LaValle, Steven M.
1 A SingleQuery BiDirectional Probabilistic Roadmap Planner with Lazy Collision Checking Gildardo probabilistic roadmap (PRM) planner that is: singlequery --it does not precompute a roadmap, but uses the two the robot's free space by concurrently building a roadmap made of two trees rooted at the query
Controlled bidirectional remote state preparation in noisy environment: A generalized view
Vishal Sharma; Chitra Shukla; Subhashish Banerjee; Anirban Pathak
2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that a realistic, controlled bidirectional remote state preparation is possible using a large class of entangled quantum states having a particular structure. Existing protocols of probabilistic, deterministic and joint remote state preparation are generalized to obtain the corresponding protocols of controlled bidirectional remote state preparation (CBRSP). A general way of incorporating the effects of two well known noise processes, the amplitude-damping and phase-damping noise, on the probabilistic CBRSP process is studied in detail by considering that noise only affects the travel qubits of the quantum channel used for the probabilistic CBRSP process. Also indicated is how to account for the effect of these noise channels on deterministic and joint remote state CBRSP protocols.
Examination of a PHEV Bi-Directional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation
Kisacikoglu, Mithat C [ORNL] [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL] [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL] [ORNL
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) potentially have the capability to fulfill the energy storage needs of the electric grid by supplying ancillary services such as reactive power compensation. However, in order to allow bidirectional power transfer, the PHEV battery charger should be designed to manage such capability. While many different battery chargers have been available since the inception of the first electric vehicles (EVs), an on-board, conductive charger with bidirectional power transferring capability have recently drawn attention due to their inherent advantages in charging accessibility, ease of use and efficiency. In this study, a reactive power compensation case study using the inverter dc-link capacitor is given when a PHEV battery is under charging operation. Finally, the impact of providing these services on the batteries is also explained.
Tug-of-war as a cooperative mechanism for bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors
Melanie J. I. Müller; Stefan Klumpp; Reinhard Lipowsky
2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Intracellular transport is based on molecular motors that pull cargos along cytoskeletal filaments. One motor species always moves in one direction, e.g. conventional kinesin moves to the microtubule plus end, while cytoplasmic dynein moves to the microtubule minus end. However, many cellular cargos are observed to move bidirectionally, involving both plus-end and minus-end directed motors. The presumably simplest mechanism for such bidirectional transport is provided by a tug-of-war between the two motor species. This mechanism is studied theoretically using the load-dependent transport properties of individual motors as measured in single-molecule experiments. In contrast to previous expectations, such a tug-of-war is found to be highly cooperative and to exhibit seven different motility regimes depending on the precise values of the single motor parameters. The sensitivity of the transport process to small parameter changes can be used by the cell to regulate its cargo traffic.
Nuanmeesri, Sumitra; Meesad, Payung
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Genealogical information is the best histories resources for culture study and cultural heritage. The genealogical research generally presents family information and depict tree diagram. This paper presents Parent Bidirectional Breadth Algorithm (PBBA) to find consanguine relationship between two persons. In addition, the paper utilizes rules based system in order to identify consanguine relationship. The study reveals that PBBA is fast to solve the genealogical information search problem and the Rule Based Relationship provides more benefits in blood relationship identification.
Anirban Pathak
2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, Hassanpour and Houshmand have proposed a protocol of controlled deterministic secure quantum communication (Quant. Info. Process, DOI 10.1007/s11128-014-0866-z (2014)). The authors compared the efficiency of their protocol with that of two other existing protocols and claimed that their protocol is efficient. Here, we have shown that the efficiency of Hassanpour Houshmand (HH) protocol is not high, and there exist several approaches through which more efficient protocols for the same task can be designed. To establish this point, we have proposed an efficient protocol of controlled deterministic secure quantum communication which is based on permutation of particles (PoP) technique and is considerably efficient compared to HH protocol. We have also generalized this protocol into its bidirectional counterpart. Interestingly, bipartite entanglement (Bell state) is sufficient for the realization of the proposed protocols, but HH protocol and other existing protocols require at least tripartite entanglement. Further, we have shown that it is possible to construct a large number of efficient protocols of unidirectional and bidirectional controlled deterministic secure quantum communication by using various alternative approaches and different quantum states. These alternative protocols can be realized by modifying the existing protocols of quantum secure direct communication and deterministic secure quantum communication. We have also shown that it is possible to design completely orthogonal-state-based protocols for unidirectional and bidirectional controlled deterministic secure quantum communication.
Vernon, M.F.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The molecular-beam technique has been used in three different experimental arrangements to study a wide range of inter-atomic and molecular forces. Chapter 1 reports results of a low-energy (0.2 kcal/mole) elastic-scattering study of the He-Ar pair potential. The purpose of the study was to accurately characterize the shape of the potential in the well region, by scattering slow He atoms produced by expanding a mixture of He in N/sub 2/ from a cooled nozzle. Chapter 2 contains measurements of the vibrational predissociation spectra and product translational energy for clusters of water, benzene, and ammonia. The experiments show that most of the product energy remains in the internal molecular motions. Chapter 3 presents measurements of the reaction Na + HCl ..-->.. NaCl + H at collision energies of 5.38 and 19.4 kcal/mole. This is the first study to resolve both scattering angle and velocity for the reaction of a short lived (16 nsec) electronic excited state. Descriptions are given of computer programs written to analyze molecular-beam expansions to extract information characterizing their velocity distributions, and to calculate accurate laboratory elastic-scattering differential cross sections accounting for the finite apparatus resolution. Experimental results which attempted to determine the efficiency of optically pumping the Li(2/sup 2/P/sub 3/2/) and Na(3/sup 2/P/sub 3/2/) excited states are given. A simple three-level model for predicting the steady-state fraction of atoms in the excited state is included.
System and method for bidirectional flow and controlling fluid flow in a conduit
Ortiz, M.G.
1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
A system for measuring bidirectional flow, including backflow, of fluid in a conduit is disclosed. The system utilizes a structural mechanism to create a pressure differential in the conduit. Pressure sensors are positioned upstream from the mechanism, at the mechanism, and downstream from the mechanism. Data from the pressure sensors are transmitted to a microprocessor or computer, and pressure differential detected between the pressure sensors is then used to calculate the backflow. Control signals may then be generated by the microprocessor or computer to shut off valves located in the conduit, upon the occurrence of backflow, or to control flow, total material dispersed, etc. in the conduit. 3 figs.
System and method for bidirectional flow and controlling fluid flow in a conduit
Ortiz, Marcos German (Idaho Falls, ID)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A system for measuring bidirectional flow, including backflow, of fluid in a conduit. The system utilizes a structural mechanism to create a pressure differential in the conduit. Pressure sensors are positioned upstream from the mechanism, at the mechanism, and downstream from the mechanism. Data from the pressure sensors are transmitted to a microprocessor or computer, and pressure differential detected between the pressure sensors is then used to calculate the backflow. Control signals may then be generated by the microprocessor or computer to shut off valves located in the conduit, upon the occurrence of backflow, or to control flow, total material dispersed, etc. in the conduit.
Locke, D. R.; Chupas, P. J.; Chapman, K. W.; Pugmire, R. J.; Winans, R. E.; Univ. of Utah
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The compression behavior of a silicate-rich oil shale from the Green River formation in the pressure range 0.0-2.4 GPa was studied using in situ high pressure X-ray pair distribution function (PDF) measurements for the sample contained within a Paris-Edinburgh cell. The real-space local structural information in the PDF, G(r), was used to evaluate the compressibility of the oil shale. Specifically, the pressure-induced reduction in the medium- to long-range atom distances (6-20 {angstrom}) yielded an average sample compressibility corresponding to a bulk modulus of ca. 61-67 GPa. A structural model consisting of a three phase mixture of the principal crystalline oil shale components (quartz, albite and Illite) provided a good fit to the ambient pressure PDF data (R 30.7%). Indeed the features in the PDF beyond 6 {angstrom}, were similarly well fit by a single phase model of the highest symmetry, highly crystalline quartz component.
Tolbert, Leon M.
Bidirectional Charger Mithat C. Kisacikoglu1 , Burak Ozpineci2 , and Leon M. Tolbert1 ,2 I Dept. of Electrical by day. Chargers for these vehicles have the ability to make this interaction better for the consumer of this operation, this study investigates the effect of reactive power transfer on the charger system components
Simões, Marcelo Godoy
with quick load variations. A suitable three-port, galvanic isolated, bidirectional power converter is proposed to control the power flow. An energy management method for the proposed three-port circuit may be less than available current, but this re- sults in unused fuel and decrease of efficiency from
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.0 TM and XGobi
Symanzik, Jürgen
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.0 TM and XGobi J¨urgen Symanzik 1 2 GIS Support and Research Facility, Iowa State University symanzik@iastate.edu Abstract. In Symanzik et al. (1994) we have presented a link between a Geographic Information System (GIS), ARC/INFO TM
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.0TM and XGobi
Symanzik, Jürgen
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.0TM and XGobi Jurgen Symanzik1 GIS Support and Research Facility, Iowa State University symanzik@iastate.edu Abstract. In Symanzik et al. 1994 we have presented a link between a Geographic Information System GIS, ARC INFOTM
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.1TM and XGobi | An Update
Symanzik, Jürgen
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.1TM and XGobi | An Update J a Geographic Information System GIS, ArcView 2.1TM, and an interactive dynamic graphics program, XGobi. Arc to the integrationof a Geographic InformationSystem GIS,to be used for the display of spatial locations and concomitant
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.1 TM and XGobi ---An Update
Symanzik, Jürgen
Dynamic Graphics in a GIS: A Bidirectional Link between ArcView 2.1 TM and XGobi --- An Update J a Geographic Information System (GIS), ArcView 2.1 TM , and an interactive dynamic graphics program, XGobi. Arc (GIS), to be used for the display of spatial locations and concomitant geographic variables
Transversity Parton Distribution
Alexei Prokudin
2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transversity distribution is one of the three fundamental parton distributions that completely describe polarized spin 1/2 nucleon. Its chiral odd nature prevented for many years its experimental exploration, however presently we have obtained great deal of information about this distribution. This includes experimental data from Semi Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering, knowledge of scale dependence and phenomenological extractions. I will discuss main features of this distribution and indicate the future improvements of our knowledge.
Propulsion system for a motor vehicle using a bidirectional energy converter
Tamor, Michael Alan (Toledo, OH); Gale, Allan Roy (Livonia, MI)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A motor vehicle propulsion system includes an electrical energy source and a traction motor coupled to receive electrical energy from the electrical energy source. The system also has a first bus provided electrical energy by the electrical energy source and a second bus of relatively lower voltage than the first bus. In addition, the system includes an electrically-driven source of reaction gas for the electrical energy source, the source of reaction gas coupled to receive electrical energy from the first bus. Also, the system has an electrical storage device coupled to the second bus for storing electrical energy at the lower voltage. The system also includes a bidirectional energy converter coupled to convert electrical energy from the first bus to the second bus and from the second bus to the first bus.
Hadronic ?Z box corrections in Møller scattering
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hall, Nathan L. [Adelaide U.; Blunden, Peter G. [Manitoba U.; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB; Thomas, Anthony W. [Adelaide U.; Young, Ross D. [Adelaide U.
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The possibility of measuring the parity-violating asymmetry in Moller scattering with sufficient accuracy to determine sin2?W to 0.1% offers a complementary path to the discovery of new physics to that followed at high energy colliders. We present a new calculation of the ?Z box contribution to parity-violating electron-proton scattering, which constitutes an important uncertainty in computing the background to this process. We show that while the ?Z correction grows rapidly with energy, it can be relatively well constrained by data from parity-violating inelastic scattering and parton distribution functions.
Stephen, James D.
1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report corrects an error discovered in the code used in the study "Fuel Cycle Analysis in a Thorium Fueled Reactor Using Bidirectional Fuel Movement," MIT-2073-1, MITNE-51. The results of the correction show considerable ...
Cheng, Mingyu
Biochemical and mechanical signals enabling cardiac regeneration can be elucidated using in vitro tissue-engineering models. We hypothesized that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF) and slow, bi-directional perfusion could ...
Satat, Guy
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis we demonstrate novel methods to overcome optical scattering in order to resolve information about hidden scenes, in particular for biomedical applications. Imaging through scattering media has long been a ...
Circular polarization memory in polydisperse scattering media
Macdonald, Callum M; Meglinski, Igor
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the survival of circularly polarized light in random scattering media. The surprising persistence of this form of polarization has a known dependence on the size and refractive index of scattering particles, however a general description regarding polydisperse media is lacking. Through analysis of Mie theory, we present a means of calculating the magnitude of circular polarization memory in complex media, with total generality in the distribution of particle sizes and refractive indices. Quantification of this memory effect enables an alternate pathway towards recovering particle size distribution, based on measurements of diffusing circularly polarized light.
An investigation of the electronic wave functions in solids by the Compton scattering of gamma rays
Nha, Sang Kyun
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
32 VI. Lead DISCUSSION REFERFNCES 34 38 LIST OP FIGURES Figure Page Analysis of Compton Scattering by an Electron Possessing Initia3. Velocity 40 Theoretical Compton Line Profiles for the Polyethylene (CHP) Scatterer Theoretical Compton... Line Pro iles for the Aluminum (Al) Scatterer 44 Theoretical Compton I. ine Profiles for the Brass (Cu+Zn) Scatterer 46 Theoretical Compton L" ne Profiles for the I. ead (Pb) Scatterer Scale Drawing of. the Apparatus The Folded Distribution 52...
Direct Scattering Processes and Signatures of Chaos in Quantum Waveguides
G. B. Akguc; L. E. Reichl
2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
The effect of direct processes on the statistical properties of deterministic scattering processes in a chaotic waveguide is examined. The single channel Poisson kernel describes well the distribution of S-matrix eigenphases when evaluated over an energy interval. When direct processes are transformed away, the scattering processes exhibit universal random matrix behavior. The effect of chaos on scattering wavefunctions,eigenphases, and time delays is discussed.
Low frequency radio observations of bi-directional electron beams in the solar corona
Carley, Eoin P; Vilmer, Nicole; Gallagher, Peter T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The radio signature of a shock travelling through the solar corona is known as a type II solar radio burst. In rare cases these bursts can exhibit a fine structure known as `herringbones', which are a direct indicator of particle acceleration occurring at the shock front. However, few studies have been performed on herringbones and the details of the underlying particle acceleration processes are unknown. Here, we use an image processing technique known as the Hough transform to statistically analyse the herringbone fine structure in a radio burst at $\\sim$20-90 MHz observed from the Rosse Solar-Terrestrial Observatory on 2011 September 22. We identify 188 individual bursts which are signatures of bi-directional electron beams continuously accelerated to speeds of 0.16$_{-0.10}^{+0.11} c$. This occurs at a shock acceleration site initially at a constant altitude of $\\sim$0.6 R$_{\\odot}$ in the corona, followed by a shift to $\\sim$0.5 R$_{\\odot}$. The anti-sunward beams travel a distance of 170$_{-97}^{+174}$ ...
A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV
Danon, Yaron
A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV F 2010 Accepted 15 April 2010 Available online 27 May 2010 Keywords: Scattering Neutron Benchmark dependent scattered neutron distributions. Scattering measurements were performed on carbon and molybdenum
E. Borie
2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
A recent proposal to measure the proton form factor by means of muon-proton scattering will use muons which are not ultrarelativistic (and also not nonrelativistic). The usual equations describing the scattering cross section use the approximation that the scattered lepton (usually an electron) is ultrarelativistic, with v/c approximately equal to 1. Here the cross section is calculated for all values of the energy. It agrees with the standard result in the appropriate limit.
Lujan Neutron Scattering Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
the inadvertent spread of Technetium 99 by employees and contractors at the Lujan Neutron Scattering Center August 27, 2012-The Laboratory is investigating the inadvertent...
Environment scattering in GADRAS.
Thoreson, Gregory G.; Mitchell, Dean James; Theisen, Lisa Anne; Harding, Lee T.
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Radiation transport calculations were performed to compute the angular tallies for scattered gamma-rays as a function of distance, height, and environment. Green's Functions were then used to encapsulate the results a reusable transformation function. The calculations represent the transport of photons throughout scattering surfaces that surround sources and detectors, such as the ground and walls. Utilization of these calculations in GADRAS (Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software) enables accurate computation of environmental scattering for a variety of environments and source configurations. This capability, which agrees well with numerous experimental benchmark measurements, is now deployed with GADRAS Version 18.2 as the basis for the computation of scattered radiation.
Hurd, A.J.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The realization that structures in Nature often can be described by Mandelbrot's ''fractals'' has led to a revolution in many areas of physics. The interaction of waves with fractal systems has, understandably, become intensely studied since scattering is the method of choice to probe delicate fractal structures such as chainlike particle aggregates. Not all of these waves are electromagnetic: neutron scattering, for example, is an important complementary tool to structural studies by x-ray and light scattering. Since the phenomenology of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), as it is applied to fractal systems, is identical to that of small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS), it falls within the scope of this Working Paper. 9 refs.
Study of the nanobubble phase of aqueous NaCl solutions by dynamic light scattering
Bunkin, N F; Shkirin, A V [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Burkhanov, I S; Chaikov, L L [P N Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lomkova, A K [N.E. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Aqueous NaCl solutions with different concentrations have been investigated by dynamic scattering of laser radiation. It is experimentally shown that these solutions contain scattering particles with a wide size distribution in a range of ?10 – 100 nm. The experimental results indirectly confirm the existence of quasi-stable gas nanobubbles in the bulk of aqueous ionic solutions. (light scattering)
Scattering of xenon from Ni,,111...: Collision-induced corrugation and energy transfer dynamics
Scattering of xenon from Ni,,111...: Collision-induced corrugation and energy transfer dynamics distributions of the scattered Xe atoms are measured for different incident energies, incident angles, and surface temperatures. At high incident energies, the translational energy of the scattered Xe
Turner, Steven Richard
2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus for measuring current, and particularly bi-directional current, in a field-effect transistor (FET) using drain-to-source voltage measurements. The drain-to-source voltage of the FET is measured and amplified. This signal is then compensated for variations in the temperature of the FET, which affects the impedance of the FET when it is switched on. The output is a signal representative of the direction of the flow of current through the field-effect transistor and the level of the current through the field-effect transistor. Preferably, the measurement only occurs when the FET is switched on.
New methods for measuring spectral bi-directional transmission and reflection using digital cameras
Gayeski, Nicholas (Nicholas Thomas)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Advanced fenestration systems are increasingly being used to distribute solar radiation purposefully in buildings. Distribution of visible light and near infrared radiation can be optimized to enhance daylighting and reduce ...
A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional
-world materials has been hindered by a lack of standards for sharing and interpreting measured data. This paper.We also present an advanced interpolation method to reduce measured data into these standard scattering off surfaces is critical to realism for computer graphics and physically-based rendering. While
March, 2001 Neutron Scattering Group
Johnson, Peter D.
March, 2001 Neutron Scattering Group A High Performance Hybrid Spectrometer for theA High of the instrument performance · Igor Zaliznyak · Laurence Passell OutlineOutline #12;Neutron Scattering GroupNeutron states in single crystals.single crystals. #12;Neutron Scattering GroupNeutron Scattering Group What
Fracture Properties From Seismic Scattering
Burns, Daniel R.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fractures scatter seismic energy and this energy can be analyzed to provide information about fracture
Azimuthal asymmetry in lepton-proton scattering at high energies
Chay, J.; Ellis, S.D.; Stirling, W.J. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the azimuthal angular dependence of the distribution of final-state hadrons in high-energy lepton-proton scattering. The distribution displays an azimuthal asymmetry due to both perturbative and nonperturbative effects. At the large momentum transfers attainable, for example, at the DESY {ital ep} collider HERA we expect the perturbative effects to dominate and constitute a clear test of QCD.
Canonical quantum potential scattering theory
M. S. Hussein; W. Li; S. Wuester
2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
A new formulation of potential scattering in quantum mechanics is developed using a close structural analogy between partial waves and the classical dynamics of many non-interacting fields. Using a canonical formalism we find non-linear first-order differential equations for the low energy scattering parameters like scattering length and effective range. They significantly simplify typical calculations, as we illustrate for atom-atom and neutron-nucleus scattering systems. A generalization to charged particle scattering is also possible.
Genov, Roman
and Roman Genov Abstract--Two low-noise bidirectional current acquisition cir- cuits for interfacing-capacitor transimpedance amplifier (TIA). The second design is a current conveyer (CC) with regulated-cascode current with electrochemical amperometric biosensor arrays are presented. The first design is a switched
Anisotropic Elastic Resonance Scattering model for the Neutron Transport equation
Mohamed Ouisloumen; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Shadi Z. Ghrayeb
2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The resonance scattering transfer cross-section has been reformulated to account for anisotropic scattering in the center-of-mass of the neutron-nucleus system. The main innovation over previous implementations is the relaxation of the ubiquitous assumption of isotropic scattering in the center-of-mass and the actual effective use of scattering angle distributions from evaluated nuclear data files in the computation of the angular moments of the resonant scattering kernels. The formulas for the high order anisotropic moments in the laboratory system are also derived. A multi-group numerical formulation is derived and implemented into a module incorporated within the NJOY nuclear data processing code. An ultra-fine energy mesh cross section library was generated using these new theoretical models and then was used for fuel assembly calculations with the PARAGON lattice physics code. The results obtained indicate a strong effect of this new model on reactivity, multi-group fluxes and isotopic inventory during depletion.
Quaglioni, S; Navratil, P; Roth, R
2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The exact treatment of nuclei starting from the constituent nucleons and the fundamental interactions among them has been a long-standing goal in nuclear physics. Above all nuclear scattering and reactions, which require the solution of the many-body quantum-mechanical problem in the continuum, represent an extraordinary theoretical as well as computational challenge for ab initio approaches.We present a new ab initio many-body approach which derives from the combination of the ab initio no-core shell model with the resonating-group method [4]. By complementing a microscopic cluster technique with the use of realistic interactions, and a microscopic and consistent description of the nucleon clusters, this approach is capable of describing simultaneously both bound and scattering states in light nuclei. We will discuss applications to neutron and proton scattering on sand light p-shell nuclei using realistic nucleon-nucleon potentials, and outline the progress toward the treatment of more complex reactions.
Naohiro Kanda
2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.
Thermal Diffuse Scattering of Low-Energy Electrons from Xe
KESMODEL, LL; WETTE, FWD; Allen, Roland E.
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
reciprocal lattice rods. The results are presented in the form of both contour curves and intensity profiles. Several interesting features are apparent, including (i) anisotropies about the reciprocal lattice rods, (ii) differences in intensity... at reciprocal lat- tice points, the TDS is distributed throughout all of reciprocal space. In the case of scattering from a surface, the Bragg scattering is concen- trated at "reciprocal lattice rods" associated with the two-dimensional reciprocal lattice...
Scattering and Attenuation of Seismic Waves in the Lithosphere / 1 ch11Text.doc 12/30/99 6:41 PM
Running title: Scattering and Attenuation Chapter 11. Scattering and Attenuation of Seismic Waves loss due to distributed heterogeneities. The most prominent evidence for the existence of small and scattering loss due to distributed heterogeneities. As a model of attenuation, we introduce an approach
None
2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
Solar ADEPT Project: PV inverters convert DC power generated by modules into usable AC power. IPC’s initial 30kW 94lb. PV inverter reduces the weight of comparable 30kW PV inverters by 90%—reducing the cost of materials, manufacturing, shipping, and installation. With ARPA-E support, new bi-directional silicon power switches will be developed, commercialized, and utilized in IPC’s next-generation PV inverter. With these components, IPC will produce 100kW inverters that weight less than 100lb., reducing the weight of conventional 3,000lb. 100kW inverters by more than 95%. The new power switches will cut IPC’s $/W manufacturing cost in half, as well as further reduce indirect shipping and installation costs.
Small Angle Neutron Scattering
Urban, Volker S [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) probes structural details at the nanometer scale in a non-destructive way. This article gives an introduction to scientists who have no prior small-angle scattering knowledge, but who seek a technique that allows elucidating structural information in challenging situations that thwart approaches by other methods. SANS is applicable to a wide variety of materials including metals and alloys, ceramics, concrete, glasses, polymers, composites and biological materials. Isotope and magnetic interactions provide unique methods for labeling and contrast variation to highlight specific structural features of interest. In situ studies of a material s responses to temperature, pressure, shear, magnetic and electric fields, etc., are feasible as a result of the high penetrating power of neutrons. SANS provides statistical information on significant structural features averaged over the probed sample volume, and one can use SANS to quantify with high precision the structural details that are observed, for example, in electron microscopy. Neutron scattering is non-destructive; there is no need to cut specimens into thin sections, and neutrons penetrate deeply, providing information on the bulk material, free from surface effects. The basic principles of a SANS experiment are fairly simple, but the measurement, analysis and interpretation of small angle scattering data involves theoretical concepts that are unique to the technique and that are not widely known. This article includes a concise description of the basics, as well as practical know-how that is essential for a successful SANS experiment.
Neutron Scattering Tutorials | Neutron Science | ORNL
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Neutron Scattering Tutorials SHARE Neutron Scattering Tutorials The following lectures were presented at the 2011 and 2010 National School on Neutron & X-Ray Scattering. This...
What Does a Scattering Pattern Tell US?
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Scattering Space sample light image Image Space lens Angular Space Q 4p sin(q) l Fourier Transform Scattering Pattern Fourier Transform Phase Problem Scattering Pattern...
Manson, Joseph R.
Helium atom scattering from isolated CO molecules on copper(001) A. P. Graham, F. Hofmann, and J. P 1996 Angular distributions have been measured for helium atoms scattering from isolated CO molecules with difficulties. Helium atom scattering HAS , on the other hand, can, at least for simple systems, also detect
Manson, Joseph R.
Helium atom scattering from isolated CO molecules on copper(001) A. P. Graham, F. Hofmann, and J. P 1996! Angular distributions have been measured for helium atoms scattering from isolated CO molecules with difficulties. Helium atom scattering ~HAS!, on the other hand, can, at least for simple systems, also detect
Scattering of twisted relativistic electrons by atoms
V. Serbo; I. P. Ivanov; S. Fritzsche; D. Seipt; A. Surzhykov
2015-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
The Mott scattering of high-energetic twisted electrons by atoms is investigated within the framework of the first Born approximation and Dirac's relativistic equation. Special emphasis is placed on the angular distribution and longitudinal polarization of the scattered electrons. In order to evaluate these angular and polarization properties we consider two experimental setups in which the twisted electron beam collides with either a single well-localized atom or macroscopic atomic target. Detailed relativistic calculations have been performed for both setups and for the electrons with kinetic energy from 10 keV to 1000 keV. The results of these calculations indicate that the emission pattern and polarization of outgoing electrons differ significantly from the scattering of plane-wave electrons and can be very sensitive to the parameters of the incident twisted beam. In particular, it is shown that the angular- and polarization-sensitive Mott measurements may reveal valuable information about, both the transverse and longitudinal components of the linear momentum and the projection of the total angular momentum of twisted electron states. Thus, the Mott scattering emerges as a diagnostic tool for the relativistic vortex beams.
Neutron Scattering Group February, 2001
Johnson, Peter D.
Neutron Scattering Group February, 2001 A High Performance Instrument for the Single Crystal Igor Zaliznyak Outline #12;Neutron Scattering Group Neutron spectrometer for studies of the low by focusing it on the sample is very important, and should be previewed. #12;Neutron Scattering Group SNS
Probing Nanoscale Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Fluctuation...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Nanoscale Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Fluctuation Dynamics using Correalted AFM and Confocal Ultramicroscopy. Probing Nanoscale Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Fluctuation...
Transmission Eigenvalues in Inverse Scattering Theory
2012-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
TE and Scattering Theory. Spherically Stratified Media. Transmission Eigenvalues. Open Problem. Transmission Eigenvalues in Inverse. Scattering Theory.
Modulation Effects in Dark Matter-Electron Scattering Experiments
Lee, Samuel K; Mishra-Sharma, Siddharth; Safdi, Benjamin R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the next frontiers in dark-matter direct-detection experiments is to explore the MeV to GeV mass regime. Such light dark matter does not carry enough kinetic energy to produce an observable nuclear recoil, but it can scatter off electrons, leading to a measurable signal. We introduce a semi-analytic approach to characterize the resulting electron-scattering events in atomic and semiconductor targets, improving on previous analytic proposals that underestimate the signal at high recoil energies. We then use this procedure to study the time-dependent properties of the electron-scattering signal, including the modulation fraction, higher-harmonic modes and modulation phase. The time dependence can be distinct in a non-trivial way from the nuclear scattering case. Additionally, we show that dark-matter interactions inside the Earth can significantly distort the lab-frame phase-space distribution of sub-GeV dark matter.
Learning from the Scatter in Type Ia Supernovae
Scott Dodelson; Alberto Vallinotto
2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
Type Ia Supernovae are standard candles so their mean apparent magnitude has been exploited to learn about the redshift-distance relationship. Besides intrinsic scatter in this standard candle, additional source of scatter is caused by gravitational magnification by large scale structure. Here we probe the dependence of this dispersion on cosmological parameters and show that information about the amplitude of clustering, \\sigma_8, is contained in the scatter. In principle, it will be possible to constrain \\sigma_8 to within 5% with observations of 2000 Type Ia Supernovae. However, extracting this information requires subtlety as the distribution of magnifications is far from Gaussian. If one incorrectly assumes a Gaussian distribution, the estimate of the clustering amplitude will be biased three-\\sigma away from the true value.
A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering
Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.
Scattering Solar Thermal Concentrators
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 of Thomas P.Oil,J. B.DepartmentRenie Boyleof 3is a rendering of a scattering solar concentrator.
Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering off the neutron
M. Mazouz; A. Camsonne; C. Muñoz Camacho; for the Jefferson Lab Hall A collaboration
2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
The present experiment exploits the interference between the Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) and the Bethe-Heitler processes to extract the imaginary part of DVCS amplitudes on the neutron and on the deuteron from the helicity-dependent D$({\\vec e},e'\\gamma)X$ cross section measured at $Q^2$=1.9 GeV$^2$ and $x_B$=0.36. We extract a linear combination of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) particularly sensitive to $E_q$, the least constrained GPD. A model dependent constraint on the contribution of the up and down quarks to the nucleon spin is deduced.
The Compton Effect--Compton Scattering and Gamma Ray Spectroscopy
Dai, Pengcheng
The Compton Effect-- Compton Scattering and Gamma Ray Spectroscopy by Dr. James E. Parks Department and procedures for measuring gamma-ray energy distributions, (7) to learn about photomultipliers the interactions of high energy, electromagnetic photon radiation with materials in general. Gamma rays are high
Electron, Photon, and Positron Scattering Dynamics of Complex Molecular Targets
Carey, Ralph
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
from ground state Cl2 and Pt in the 1S and 3D states in the multichannel configuration-interaction (MCCI) approximation originally developed for photoionization for scattering up to 10 eV. Photoionization cross sections and angular distributions...
Weak Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
Ales Psaker; Wolodymyr Melnitchouk; Anatoly Radyushkin
2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the analysis of the deeply virtual Compton scattering process to the weak interaction sector in the generalized Bjorken limit. The virtual Compton scattering amplitudes for the weak neutral and charged currents are calculated at the leading twist within the framework of the nonlocal light-cone expansion via coordinate space QCD string operators. Using a simple model, we estimate cross sections for neutrino scattering off the nucleon, relevant for future high intensity neutrino beam facilities.
Proton-proton multiplicity distributions at LHC and the Pomeron intercept
A. Capella; E. G. Ferreiro
2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the proton-proton multiplicity distributions at LHC energies in the framework of a multiple scattering model assuming a Poisson distribution for each inelastic collision. Multiple scattering is essential to broaden the multiplicity distribution. We obtain approximate KNO scaling for small pseudo-rapidity intervals ($|\\eta | < 0.5$) and sizable KNO scaling violations for larger ones, in agreement with experiment.
Advances in total scattering analysis
Proffen, Thomas E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kim, Hyunjeong [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years the analysis of the total scattering pattern has become an invaluable tool to study disordered crystalline and nanocrystalline materials. Traditional crystallographic structure determination is based on Bragg intensities and yields the long range average atomic structure. By including diffuse scattering into the analysis, the local and medium range atomic structure can be unravelled. Here we give an overview of recent experimental advances, using X-rays as well as neutron scattering as well as current trends in modelling of total scattering data.
INVERSE MEDIUM SCATTERING PROBLEMS FOR ...
SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38
2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
An energy estimate for the scattered field with a uniform bound with respect to the ...... are not stored. We use the commonly used compressed row storage (CRS) ...
O'Neill, S M
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a series of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of active galactic nucleus (AGN) jet propagation in realistic models of magnetized galaxy clusters. We are primarily interested in the details of energy transfer between jets and the intracluster medium (ICM) to help clarify what role such flows could have in the reheating of cluster cores. Our simulated jets feature a range of intermittency behaviors, including intermittent jets that periodically switch on and off and one model jet that shuts down completely, naturally creating a relic plume. The ICM into which these jets propagate incorporates tangled magnetic field geometries and density substructure designed to mimic some likely features of real galaxy clusters. We find that our jets are characteristically at least 60% efficient at transferring thermal energy to the ICM. Irreversible heat energy is not uniformly distributed, however, instead residing preferentially in regions very near the jet/cocoon boundaries. While intermittency...
Using bi-directional communications in a market-based resource allocation system
Chassin, David P; Pratt, Robert G
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed herein are representative embodiments of methods, apparatus, and systems for distributing a resource (such as electricity) using a resource allocation system. In one exemplary embodiment, a plurality of requests for electricity are received from a plurality of end-use consumers. The requests indicate a requested quantity of electricity and a consumer-requested index value indicative of a maximum price a respective end-use consumer will pay for the requested quantity of electricity. A plurality of offers for supplying electricity are received from a plurality of resource suppliers. The offers indicate an offered quantity of electricity and a supplier-requested index value indicative of a minimum price for which a respective supplier will produce the offered quantity of electricity. A dispatched index value is computed at which electricity is to be supplied based at least in part on the consumer-requested index values and the supplier-requested index values.
Schenato, Luca
Networked Control Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed control of Smart. Sandro Zampieri #12;Networked Control Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed Systems Clock Sync Channel identification in WSN Distributed control of Smart Grids Conclusions Issues
randomly and equally likely a point in that interval), the uniform distribution ... Roughly speaking, this means that from any distribution we can create the uniform.
Elastic scattering of Beryllium isotopes near the Coulomb barrier
Di Pietro, A.; Figuera, P. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Amorini, F.; Fisichella, M.; Lattuada, M.; Musumarra, A.; Pellegriti, M. G.; Randisi, G.; Rizzo, F.; Santonocito, D.; Scalia, G.; Scuderi, V.; Strano, E.; Torresi, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Papa, M. [INFN-Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Acosta, L.; Martel, I.; Perez-Bernal, F. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada Universidad de Huelva, Huelva (Spain); Borge, M. J. G.; Tengblad, O. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia CSIC, Madrid (Spain)
2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this contribution, results of experiments performed with the three Beryllium isotopes {sup 9,10,11}Be on a medium mass {sup 64}Zn target, at a center of mass energy of {approx_equal}1.4 the Coulomb barrier, will be discussed. Elastic scattering angular distributions have been measured for the {sup 9,10}Be reactions. In the {sup 11}Be case the quasielastic scattering angular distribution was obtained. In the halo nucleus case, the angular distribution exhibit a non-Fresnel-type pattern with a strong damping of the Coulomb-nuclear interference peak. Moreover, it is found that the total reaction cross-section for the halo nucleus induced collision is more than double the ones extracted in the collisions induced by the non-halo Beryllium isotopes. A large contribution to the total-reaction cross-section in the {sup 11}Be case could be attributed to transfer and/or break-up events.
Simultaneous energy distribution and ion fraction measurements using a linear time A technique for simultaneous energy distribution and ion fraction measurements using a linear time Laboratory's Multicharged Ion Research Facility. Energy distributions of the scattered projectiles
Requirements, possible alternatives & international NEUTRON SCATTERING
Dimeo, Robert M.
Requirements, possible alternatives & international NEUTRON SCATTERING DETECTORS for Rob Dimeo NIST neutron scattering instruments are the most demanding require background low #12;#12;The Helium-3 Supply Crisis Alternative Techniques to Helium-3 based Detectors for Neutron Scattering Applications
LIGHT SCATTERING STUDIES OF SILICA AEROGELS
Hunt, A.J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
van de Hulst, H.C. , Light Scattering by Small Particles,A New Polarization-Modulated Light Scattering Instrument,"and interpretation of light scattering effects in aerogels.
Electron Scattering with Polarized Targets at TESLA
The TESLA-N Study Group; :; M. Anselmino; E. C. Aschenauer; S. Belostotski; W. Bialowons; J. Bluemlein; V. Braun; R. Brinkmann; M. Dueren; F. Ellinghaus; K. Goeke; St. Goertz; A. Gute; J. Harmsen; D. v. Harrach; R. Jakob; E. M. Kabuss; R. Kaiser; V. Korotkov; P. Kroll; E. Leader; B. Lehmann-Dronke; L. Mankiewicz; A. Meier; W. Meyer; N. Meyners; D. Mueller; P. J. Mulders; W. -D. Nowak; L. Niedermeier; K. Oganessyan; P. V. Pobilitsa; M. V. Polyakov; G. Reicherz; K. Rith; D. Ryckbosch; A. Schaefer; K. Sinram; G. v. d. Steenhoven; E. Steffens; J. Steijger; C. Weiss
2000-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements of polarized electron-nucleon scattering can be realized at the TESLA linear collider facility with projected luminosities that are about two orders of magnitude higher than those expected of other experiments at comparable energies. Longitudinally polarized electrons, accelerated as a small fraction of the total current in the e+ arm of TESLA, can be directed onto a solid state target that may be either longitudinally or transversely polarized. A large variety of polarized parton distribution and fragmentation functions can be determined with unprecedented accuracy, many of them for the first time. A main goal of the experiment is the precise measurement of the x- and Q^2-dependence of the experimentally totally unknown quark transversity distributions that will complete the information on the nucleon's quark spin structure as relevant for high energy processes. Comparing their Q^2-evolution to that of the corresponding helicity distributions constitutes an important precision test of the predictive power of QCD in the spin sector. Measuring transversity distributions and tensor charges allows access to the hitherto unmeasured chirally odd operators in QCD which are of great importance to understand the role of chiral symmetry. The possibilities of using unpolarized targets and of experiments with a real photon beam turn TESLA-N into a versatile next-generation facility at the intersection of particle and nuclear physics.
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Microwave scattering from laser spark in air
Sawyer, Jordan; Zhang Zhili [Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Shneider, Mikhail N. [Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)
2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, microwave Mie scattering from a laser-induced plasma in atmospheric air is computed. It shows that the scattered microwave transitions from coherent Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering based on the relative transparency of the laser-induced plasma at the microwave frequency. The microwave penetration in the plasma alters from total transparency to partial shielding due to the sharp increase of the electron number density within the avalanche ionization phase. The transition from Rayleigh scattering to Mie scattering is verified by both the temporal evolution of the scattered microwave and the homogeneity of polar scattering plots.
The scattering of muons in low Z materials
D. Attwood; P. Bell; S. Bull; T. McMahon; J. Wilson; R. Fernow; P. Gruber; A. Jamdagni; K. Long; E. McKigney; P. Savage; M. Curtis-Rouse; T. R. Edgecock; M. Ellis; J. Lidbury; W. J. Murray; P. Norton; K. Peach; K. Ishida; Y. Matsuda; K. Nagamine; S. Nakamura; G. M. Marshall; S. Benveniste; D. Cline; Y. Fukui; K. Lee; Y. Pischalnikov; S. Holmes; A. Bogacz
2005-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the measurement of the scattering of 172 MeV/c muons in assorted materials, including liquid hydrogen, motivated by the need to understand ionization cooling for muon acceleration. Data are compared with predictions from the Geant 4 simulation code and this simulation is used to deconvolute detector effects. The scattering distributions obtained are compared with the Moliere theory of multiple scattering and, in the case of liquid hydrogen, with ELMS. With the exception of ELMS, none of the models are found to provide a good description of the data. The results suggest that ionization cooling will work better than would be predicted by Geant 4.7.0p01.
The scattering of muons in low Z materials
MuScat Collaboration; D. Attwood; P. Bell; S. Bull; T. McMahon; J. Wilson; R. Fernow; P. Gruber; A. Jamdagni; K. Long; E. McKigney; P. Savage; M. Curtis-Rouse; T. R. Edgecock; M. Ellis; J. Lidbury; W. J. Murray; P. Norton; K. Peach; K. Ishida; Y. Matsuda; K. Nagamine; S. Nakamura; G. M. Marshall; S. Benveniste; D. Cline; Y. Fukui; K. Lee; Y. Pischalnikov; S. Holmes; A. Bogacz
2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the measurement of the scattering of 172 MeV/c muons in assorted materials, including liquid hydrogen, motivated by the need to understand ionisation cooling for muon acceleration. Data are compared with predictions from the Geant 4 simulation code and this simulation is used to deconvolute detector effects. The scattering distributions obtained are compared with the Moliere theory of multiple scattering and, in the case of liquid hydrogen, with ELMS. With the exception of ELMS, none of the models are found to provide a good description of the data. The results suggest that ionisation cooling will work better than would be predicted by Geant 4.7.0p01.
Scattering theory with path integrals
Rosenfelder, R. [Particle Theory Group, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)] [Particle Theory Group, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Starting from well-known expressions for the T-matrix and its derivative in standard nonrelativistic potential scattering, I rederive recent path-integral formulations due to Efimov and Barbashov et al. Some new relations follow immediately.
Small angle neutron scattering from high impact polystyrene
Pringle, O.A.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High impact polystyrene (HIPS) is a toughened plastic composed of a polystyrene matrix containing a few percent rubber in the form of dispersed 0.1 to 10 micron diameter rubber particles. Some commercial formulations of HIPS include the addition of a few percent mineral oil, which improves the toughness of the plastic. Little is known about the mechanism by which the mineral oil helps toughen the plastic. It is hypothesized that the oil is distributed only in the rubber particles, but whether this hypothesis is correct was not known prior to this work. The size of the rubber particles in HIPS and their neutron scattering length density contrast with the polystyrene matrix cause HIPS samples to scatter neutrons at small angles. The variation of this small angle neutron scattering (SANS) signal with mineral oil content has been used to determine the location of the oil in HIPS. The SANS spectrometer at the University of Missouri Research Reactor Facility (MURR) was used to study plastic samples similar in composition to commercial HIPS. The MURR SANS spectrometer is used to study the small angle scattering of a vertical beam of 4.75 A neutrons from solid and liquid samples. The scattered neutrons are detected in a 54 x 60 cm/sup 2/ position sensitive detector designed and built at MURR. A series of plastic samples of varying rubber and oil content and different rubber domain sizes and shapes were examined on the MURR SANS spectrometer. Analysis of the scattering patterns showed that the mineral oil is about eight to ten times more likely to be found in the rubber particles than in the polystyrene matrix. This result confirmed the hypothesis that the mineral oil is distributed primarily in the rubber particles.
Dipanwita Ghanti; Debashish Chowdhury
2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
A microtubule (MT) is a hollow tube of approximately 25 nm diameter. The two ends of the tube are dissimilar and are designated as `plus' and `minus' ends. Motivated by the collective push and pull exerted by a bundle of MTs during chromosome segregation in a living cell, we have developed here a much simplified theoretical model of a bundle of parallel dynamic MTs. The plus-end of all the MTs in the bundle are permanently attached to a movable `wall' by a device whose detailed structure is not treated explicitly in our model. The only requirement is that the device allows polymerization and depolymerization of each MT at the plus-end. In spite of the absence of external force and direct lateral interactions between the MTs, the group of polymerizing MTs attached to the wall create a load force against the group of depolymerizing MTs and vice-versa; the load against a group is shared equally by the members of that group. Such indirect interactions among the MTs gives rise to the rich variety of possible states of collective dynamics that we have identified by computer simulations of the model in different parameter regimes. The bi-directional motion of the cargo, caused by the load-dependence of the polymerization kinetics, is a "proof-of-principle" that the bi-directional motion of chromosomes before cell division does not necessarily need active participation of motor proteins.
Bhat, Deepak
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors in cells is a complex phenomenon, in which the cargo (usually a vesicle) alternately moves in retrograde and anterograde directions. In this case, teams of oppositely pulling motors (eg., kinesin and dynein) bind to the cargo simultaneously, and `coordinate' their activity such that the motion consists of spells of positively and negatively directed segments, separated by pauses of varying duration. A set of recent experiments have analyzed the bidirectional motion of endosomes in the amoeba D. discoideum in detail. It was found that in between directional switches, a team of 5-6 dyneins stall a cargo against a stronger kinesin in tug of war, which lasts for almost a second. As the mean detachment time of a kinesin under its stall load was also observed to be ~ 1s, we infer that the collective detachment time of the dynein assembly must also be similar. Here, we analyze this inference from a modeling perspective, using experimentally measured single-molecule p...
Distribution of particles which produces a desired radiation pattern
A. G. Ramm
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method is given for calculation of a distribution of small particles, embedded in a medium, so that the resulting medium would have a desired radiation pattern for the plane wave scattering by this medium.
Danon, Yaron
which the neutron were scattered, on the same axis as the detector. In this way it was possible to directly measure the angular distribution of scattered neutron from heavy nuclides with pronounced distribution of the scattered neutron. In parallel to Danon's ex- periment, a new stochastic resonance kernel
Nonlinear Thomson scattering of an ultrashort laser pulse
Golovinski, P. A., E-mail: golovinski@bk.ru; Mikhin, E. A. [Voronezh State Architectural-Building University (Russian Federation)
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
The nonlinear scattering of an ultrashort laser pulse by free electrons is considered. The pulse is described in the 'Mexican hat' wavelet basis. The equation of motion for a charged particle in the field of a plane electromagnetic wave has an exact solution allowing, together with the instant spectrum approximation, the calculation of the intensity of nonlinear Thomson scattering for a high-intensity laser pulse. The spectral distribution of scattered radiation for the entire pulse duration is found by integrating with respect to time. The maximum of the emission spectrum of a free electron calculated in 10{sup 19}-10{sup 21} W/cm{sup 2} fields lies in the UV spectral region between 3 and 12 eV. A part of the continuous spectrum achieves high photon energies. One percent of the scattered energy for the field intensity 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2} is concentrated in the range h{omega} > 2.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 2} eV, for a field intensity of 10{sup 21} W/cm{sup 2} in the range h{Omega} > 7.9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 2} eV, and for an intensity of 10{sup 22} W/cm{sup 2} in the range h{Omega} > 2.45 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} eV. These results allow us to estimate nonlinear scattering as a source of hard X-rays.
RisR1125(EN) Neutron Scattering
RisøR1125(EN) Neutron Scattering Studies of Modulated Magnetic Structures Steen Aagaard Sørensen investigations of the magnetic systems DyFe4Al8 and MnSi by neutron scattering and in the former case also by X and the correlations between the scattering entities of the sample. The theoretical framework of neutron scattering
Light and Color in Nature -Scattering Effects -
Assarsson, Ulf
1 Seminar WS 2003/04 Light and Color in Nature - Scattering Effects - Marcus Magnor WS03/04: Light and Color in Nature Scattering Overview · Last Lecture Interference · Today Light scattering: water rendering #12;2 WS03/04: Light and Color in Nature Scattering List of Topics · Rainbow Stephan
Wu, Chi
light-Scattering and Size-Exclusion Chromatographic.' Characterization of Hydroxyethyl Cellulose to investigate a set of moderately distributed hydroxyethyl cellulose acetate{~ECA) samples'in tetrahydrofuran- Cellulose constitutes a ubiquitous and r~newable ular weight~ndcm9l~cular weight distribution:"". natural
Unitary constraints on Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
J.M. Laget
2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
At moderately low momentum transfer ($-t$ up to 1 GeV$^2$) the coupling to the vector meson production channels gives the dominant contribution to real Compton and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS). Starting from a Regge Pole approach that successfully describes vector meson production, the singular part of the corresponding box diagrams (where the intermediate vector meson-baryon pair propagates on-shell) is evaluated without any further assumptions (unitarity). Such a treatment explains not only the unexpectedly large DVCS unpolarized cross section that has been recently measured at Jefferson Laboratory (JLab), but also all the beam spin and charge asymmetries that has been measured at JLab and Hermes, without explicit need of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD). The issue of the relationship between the two approaches is addressed.
Electromagnetic wave scattering by Schwarzschild black holes
Luís C. B. Crispino; Sam R. Dolan; Ednilton S. Oliveira
2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the scattering of a planar monochromatic electromagnetic wave incident upon a Schwarzschild black hole. We obtain accurate numerical results from the partial wave method for the electromagnetic scattering cross section, and show that they are in excellent agreement with analytical approximations. The scattering of electromagnetic waves is compared with the scattering of scalar, spinor and gravitational waves. We present a unified picture of the scattering of all massless fields for the first time.
Integrated, Automated Distributed Generation Technologies Demonstration
Jensen, Kevin
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the NETL Project was to develop a diverse combination of distributed renewable generation technologies and controls and demonstrate how the renewable generation could help manage substation peak demand at the ATK Promontory plant site. The Promontory plant site is located in the northwestern Utah desert approximately 25 miles west of Brigham City, Utah. The plant encompasses 20,000 acres and has over 500 buildings. The ATK Promontory plant primarily manufactures solid propellant rocket motors for both commercial and government launch systems. The original project objectives focused on distributed generation; a 100 kW (kilowatt) wind turbine, a 100 kW new technology waste heat generation unit, a 500 kW energy storage system, and an intelligent system-wide automation system to monitor and control the renewable energy devices then release the stored energy during the peak demand time. The original goal was to reduce peak demand from the electrical utility company, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), by 3.4%. For a period of time we also sought to integrate our energy storage requirements with a flywheel storage system (500 kW) proposed for the Promontory/RMP Substation. Ultimately the flywheel storage system could not meet our project timetable, so the storage requirement was switched to a battery storage system (300 kW.) A secondary objective was to design/install a bi-directional customer/utility gateway application for real-time visibility and communications between RMP, and ATK. This objective was not achieved because of technical issues with RMP, ATK Information Technology Department’s stringent requirements based on being a rocket motor manufacturing facility, and budget constraints. Of the original objectives, the following were achieved: • Installation of a 100 kW wind turbine. • Installation of a 300 kW battery storage system. • Integrated control system installed to offset electrical demand by releasing stored energy from renewable sources during peak hours of the day. Control system also monitors the wind turbine and battery storage system health, power output, and issues critical alarms. Of the original objectives, the following were not achieved: • 100 kW new technology waste heat generation unit. • Bi-directional customer/utility gateway for real time visibility and communications between RMP and ATK. • 3.4% reduction in peak demand. 1.7% reduction in peak demand was realized instead.
Light scattering from laser induced pit ensembles on high power laser optics
Feigenbaum, Eyal [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Elhadj, Selim [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Matthews, Manyalibo J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Far-field light scattering characteristics from randomly arranged shallow Gaussian-like shaped laser induced pits, found on optics exposed to high energy laser pulses, is studied. Closed-form expressions for the far-field intensity distribution and scattered power are derived for individual pits and validated using numerical calculations of both Fourier optics and FDTD solutions to Maxwell’s equations. It is found that the scattered power is proportional to the square of the pit width and approximately also to the square of the pit depth, with the proportionality factor scaling with pit depth. As a result, the power scattered from shallow pitted optics is expected to be substantially lower than assuming complete scattering from the total visible footprint of the pits.
Light scattering from laser induced pit ensembles on high power laser optics
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Feigenbaum, Eyal; Elhadj, Selim; Matthews, Manyalibo J.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Far-field light scattering characteristics from randomly arranged shallow Gaussian-like shaped laser induced pits, found on optics exposed to high energy laser pulses, is studied. Closed-form expressions for the far-field intensity distribution and scattered power are derived for individual pits and validated using numerical calculations of both Fourier optics and FDTD solutions to Maxwell’s equations. It is found that the scattered power is proportional to the square of the pit width and approximately also to the square of the pit depth, with the proportionality factor scaling with pit depth. As a result, the power scattered from shallow pitted optics is expectedmore »to be substantially lower than assuming complete scattering from the total visible footprint of the pits.« less
Single and multiple intrabeam scattering in hadron colliders
Lebedev, V.; /Fermilab
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Single and multiple intra-beam scattering are usually considered separately. Such separation works well for electron-positron colliders but usually yields only coarse description in the case of hadron colliders. Boltzmann type integro-differential equation is used to describe evolution of longitudinal distribution due to IBS. The finite size of the longitudinal potential well, its non-linearity and x-y coupling are taken into account. The model predictions for longitudinal and transverse distributions are compared to the experimental measurements.
Antognini, Joseph M O
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical scattering of binaries and triple systems of stars, planets, and compact objects may produce highly inclined triple systems subject to Kozai-Lidov (KL) oscillations, potentially leading to collisions, mergers, Type Ia supernovae, and other phenomena. We present the results of more than 400 million gravitational scattering experiments of binary-binary, triple-single, and triple-binary scattering. We compute the cross sections for all possible outcomes and explore their dependencies on incoming velocity, mass, semi-major axis, and eccentricity, including analytic fits and discussion of the velocity dependence. For the production of new triple systems by scattering we find that compact triples are preferred, with ratios of outer to inner semi-major axes of ~few--100, flat or quasi-thermal eccentricity distributions, and flat distributions in cosine of the mutual inclination. Dynamically formed triples are thus subject to strong KL oscillations, the "eccentric Kozai mechanism," and non-secular effects. ...
Scattering of magnetosonic waves in a relativistic and an-isotropic magnetised plasma
Joachim Moortgat; Jan Kuijpers
2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
Gravitational waves (GW) propagating through a magnetised plasma excite low-frequency magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves. In this paper we investigate whether these waves can produce observable radio emission at higher frequencies by scattering on an an-isotropic intrinsically relativistic distribution of electrons and positrons in the force-free wind surrounding a double neutron star binary merger. The relativistic particle distribution is assumed to be strictly along the magnetic field lines, while the magneto-plasma streams out at a relativistic speed from the neutron stars. In the case of Compton scattering of an incident MHD wave transverse to the magnetic field, we find that the probability of scattering to both a transverse x-mode and a quasi-transverse Langmuir-o mode is suppressed when the scattered frequency is below the local relativistic gyro-frequency, i.e. when the magnetic field is very strong.
Quantifying entanglement with scattering experiments
O. Marty; M. Epping; H. Kampermann; D. Bruß; M. B. Plenio; M. Cramer
2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
We show how the entanglement contained in states of spins arranged on a lattice may be quantified with observables arising in scattering experiments. We focus on the partial differential cross-section obtained in neutron scattering from magnetic materials but our results are sufficiently general such that they may also be applied to, e.g., optical Bragg scattering from ultracold atoms in optical lattices or from ion chains. We discuss resonating valence bond states and ground and thermal states of experimentally relevant models--such as Heisenberg, Majumdar-Ghosh, and XY model--in different geometries and with different spin numbers. As a by-product, we find that for the one-dimensional XY model in a transverse field such measurements reveal factorization and the quantum phase transition at zero temperature.
Francine Luppé; Jean-Marc Conoir; Andrew N. Norris
2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
The dispersion relation is derived for the coherent waves in fluid or elastic media supporting viscous and thermal effects and containing randomly distributed spherical scatterers. The formula obtained is the generalization of Lloyd and Berry's [Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 91, 678-688, 1067], the latter being limited to fluid host media, and it is the three-dimensional counterpart of that derived by Conoir and Norris [Wave Motion 47, 183-197, 2010] for cylindrical scatterers in an elastic host medium.
Ness, E.
1999-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
Distributed generation, locating electricity generators close to the point of consumption, provides some unique benefits to power companies and customers that are not available from centralized electricity generation. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is well suited to distributed applications and can, especially in concert with other distributed resources, provide a very close match to the customer demand for electricity, at a significantly lower cost than the alternatives. In addition to augmenting power from central-station generating plants, incorporating PV systems enables electric utilities to optimize the utilization of existing transmission and distribution.
D. Patel; U. Garg; M. Itoh; H. Akimune; G. P. A. Berg; M. Fujiwara; M. N. Harakeh; C. Iwamoto; T. Kawabata; K. Kawase; J. T. Matta; T. Murakami; A. Okamoto; T. Sako; K. W. Schlax; K. Takahashi; M. White; M. Yosoi
2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
The excitation of the isoscalar giant monopole resonance (ISGMR) in $^{116}$Sn and $^{208}$Pb has been investigated using small-angle (including $0^\\circ$) inelastic scattering of 100 MeV/u deuteron and multipole-decomposition analysis (MDA). The extracted strength distributions agree well with those from inelastic scattering of 100 MeV/u $\\alpha$ particles. These measurements establish deuteron inelastic scattering at E$_d \\sim$ 100 MeV/u as a suitable probe for extraction of the ISGMR strength with MDA, making feasible the investigation of this resonance in radioactive isotopes in inverse kinematics.
o r est la coordonne du neutron s celle du nuclon optique. La formule (1) conduit une distribution
Boyer, Edmond
. Szteinsznaider and myself. We have measured the angular distribution of the inelastic scattered neutrons on 56Fe neu- trons the number of neutrons scattered at 30° is the same as at 150° with 20 % approximation. To conclude, we have not detected any direct interaction in the inelastic scattering of neutrons at low energy
ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program Project Profile: Verizon Central Office Building ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Distributed Energy Program Project...
Woodley, Christa M.; Wagner, Katie A.; Bryson, Amanda J.
2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to assess the performance of bi-directional knotless tissue-closure devices for use in tagging juvenile salmon. This study is part of an ongoing effort at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to reduce unwanted effects of tags and tagging procedures on the survival and behavior of juvenile salmonids, by assessing and refining suturing techniques, suture materials, and tag burdens. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the knotless (barbed) suture, using three different suture patterns (treatments: 6-point, Wide “N”, Wide “N” Knot), to the current method of suturing (MonocrylTM monofilament, discontinuous sutures with a 2×2×2×2 knot) used in monitoring and research programs with a novel antiseptic barrier on the wound (“Second Skin”).
Scattering resonances as viscosity limits
Maciej Zworski
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
Using the method of complex scaling we show that scattering resonances of $ - \\Delta + V $, $ V \\in L^\\infty_{\\rm{c}} ( \\mathbb R^n ) $, are limits of eigenvalues of $ - \\Delta + V - i \\epsilon x^2 $ as $ \\epsilon \\to 0+ $. That justifies a method proposed in computational chemistry and reflects a general principle for resonances in other settings.
Intrabeam scattering in the HEB
Larson, D.J.
1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
A study of Intrabeam Scattering (IBS) in the High Energy Booster (HEB) is presented. Piwinski`s formulas for IBS are presented and evaluated for the HEB. A computer code written to evaluate Piwinski`s formulas is discussed. The result of the study is that IBS should not be a problem for the HEB, although the safety factor is not enormous.
Electromagnetic Scattering by Nonspherical Particles
by the classical Lorenz-Mie theory and must be determined using ad- vanced theoretical and experimental techniques patterns and stress the need for a statistical approach in model- ing scattering and absorption as if the particles were perfect spheres. However, it is becoming increasingly obvious that this approach can cause
Deepak Bhat; Manoj Gopalakrishnan
2012-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
Bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors in cells is a complex phenomenon, in which the cargo (usually a vesicle) alternately moves in retrograde and anterograde directions. In this case, teams of oppositely pulling motors (eg., kinesin and dynein) bind to the cargo simultaneously, and `coordinate' their activity such that the motion consists of spells of positively and negatively directed segments, separated by pauses of varying duration. A set of recent experiments have analyzed the bidirectional motion of endosomes in the amoeba D. discoideum in detail. It was found that in between directional switches, a team of 5-6 dyneins stall a cargo against a stronger kinesin in tug of war, which lasts for almost a second. As the mean detachment time of a kinesin under its stall load was also observed to be ~ 1s, we infer that the collective detachment time of the dynein assembly must also be similar. Here, we analyze this inference from a modeling perspective, using experimentally measured single-molecule parameters as inputs. We find that the commonly assumed exponential load-dependent detachment rate is inconsistent with observations, as it predicts that a 5-dynein assembly will detach under its combined stall load in less than a hundredth of a second. A modified model where the load-dependent unbinding rate is assumed to saturate at stall-force level for super-stall loads gives results which are in agreement with experimental data. Our analysis suggests that the load-dependent detachment of a dynein in a team is qualitatively different at sub-stall and super-stall loads, a conclusion which is likely to have implications in other situations involving collective effects of many motors.
Strong coupling effects in near-barrier heavy-ion elastic scattering
N. Keeley; K. W. Kemper; K. Rusek
2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate elastic scattering angular distribution data measured at bombarding energies just above the Coulomb barrier have shapes that can markedly differ from or be the same as the expected classical Fresnel scattering pattern depending on the structure of the projectile, the target or both. Examples are given such as 18O + 184W and 16O + 148,152Sm where the expected rise above Rutherford scattering due to Coulomb-nuclear interference is damped by coupling to the target excited states, and the extreme case of 11Li scattering, where coupling to the 9Li + n + n continuum leads to an elastic scattering shape that cannot be reproduced by any standard optical model parameter set. The recent availability of high quality 6He, 11Li and 11Be data provides further examples of the influence that coupling effects can have on elastic scattering. Conditions for strong projectile-target coupling effects are presented with special emphasis on the importance of the beam-target charge combination being large enough to bring about the strong coupling effects. Several measurements are proposed that can lead to further understanding of strong coupling effects by both inelastic excitation and nucleon transfer on near-barrier elastic scattering. A final note on the anomalous nature of 8B elastic scattering is presented as it possesses a more or less normal Fresnel scattering shape whereas one would a priori not expect this due to the very low breakup threshold of 8B. The special nature of 11Li is presented as it is predicted that no matter how far above the Coulomb barrier the elastic scattering is measured, its shape will not appear as Fresnel like whereas the elastic scattering of all other loosely bound nuclei studied to date should eventually do so as the incident energy is increased, making both 8B and 11Li truly "exotic".
Danon, Yaron
Quasi-Differential Neutron Scattering Measurements of 238 U A.M. Daskalakis, R.M. Bahran, E between evaluations through the energy-angle distribution of neutrons from scattering and fission of 238 U using the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) neutron scattering system. Differential neutron
Coherent scattering from a free gas
Sanders, Scott N.
We investigate decoherence in atom interferometry due to scattering from a background gas and show that the supposition that residual coherence is due to near-forward scattering is incorrect. In fact, the coherent part is ...
Scattering of very light charged particles
J C Taylor
1993-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
I advance arguments against the view that the Lee-Nauenberg-Kinoshita theorem is relevant in practice to the scattering of charged particles as their mass tends to zero. I also discuss the case of massive coloured particle scattering.
Gamma-ray burst polarization via Compton scattering process
Chang, Zhe; Lin, Hai-Nan [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing (China); Jiang, Yunguo, E-mail: linhn@ihep.ac.cn [School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, 264209 Weihai (China)
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Synchrotron radiation and Compton scattering are widely accepted as the most likely emission mechanisms of some astrophysical phenomena, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and active galactic nuclei. The measurement of the polarization of photons provides a useful tool to distinguish different emission mechanisms and structures of the emission region. Based on the differential cross section of a polarized photon scattered by an unpolarized electron of any initial momentum, we derive an analytical formula of polarization for beamed photons scattered by isotropic electrons with a power-law distribution. Numerical calculations are carried out in four special cases: electrons at rest, Thomson limit, head-on collision, and monochromatic electrons. It is found that the maximum polarization can be as high as 100% for low energy photons, if the electrons are at rest. Although polarization is highly suppressed due to the isotropic electrons, a maximum value of ?10%-20% can still be achieved. The Compton scattering process can be used to explain the polarization of GRB 041219A and GRB 100826A.
Penetration and scattering of lower hybrid waves by density fluctuations
Horton, W. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin (United States); Goniche, M.; Peysson, Y.; Decker, J.; Ekedahl, A.; Litaudon, X. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance (France)
2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
Lower Hybrid [LH] ray propagation in toroidal plasma is controlled by a combination of the azimuthal spectrum launched from the antenna, the poloidal variation of the magnetic field, and the scattering of the waves by the density fluctuations. The width of the poloidal and radial RF wave spectrum increases rapidly as the rays penetrate into higher density and scatter from the turbulence. The electron temperature gradient [ETG] spectrum is particularly effective in scattering the LH waves due to its comparable wavelengths and parallel phase velocities. ETG turbulence is also driven by the radial gradient of the electron current density giving rise to an anomalous viscosity spreading the LH-driven plasma currents. The scattered LH spectrum is derived from a Fokker-Planck equation for the distribution of the ray trajectories with a diffusivity proportional to the fluctuations. The LH ray diffusivity is large giving transport in the poloidal and radial wavenumber spectrum in one - or a few passes - of the rays through the core plasma.
Scattering Properties of nanostructures : applications to photovoltaics
Derkacs, Daniel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
improvements for nanoparticle scattering coupling efficiency and photocurrent enhancement are anticipated for quantum-well solar cell
Neutron Scattering Studies of Correlated Electron Systems
Boothroyd, Andrew
Neutron Scattering Studies of Correlated Electron Systems Lucy Helme Thesis submitted submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Trinity Term 2006 This thesis presents neutron scatteringO2, through inelastic neutron scattering studies of the crystal field transitions above and below
Measurements of the Thermal Neutron Scattering Kernel
Danon, Yaron
Measurements of the Thermal Neutron Scattering Kernel Li (Emily) Liu, Yaron Danon, Bjorn Becker and discussions Problems and Future study Questions #12;3 M. Mattes and J. Keinert, Thermal Neutron Scattering experimental data used was from 1973-1974! M. Mattes and J. Keinert, Thermal Neutron Scattering Data
Crystal defect studies using x-ray diffuse scattering
Larson, B.C.
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Microscopic lattice defects such as point (single atom) defects, dislocation loops, and solute precipitates are characterized by local electronic density changes at the defect sites and by distortions of the lattice structure surrounding the defects. The effect of these interruptions of the crystal lattice on the scattering of x-rays is considered in this paper, and examples are presented of the use of the diffuse scattering to study the defects. X-ray studies of self-interstitials in electron irradiated aluminum and copper are discussed in terms of the identification of the interstitial configuration. Methods for detecting the onset of point defect aggregation into dislocation loops are considered and new techniques for the determination of separate size distributions for vacancy loops and interstitial loops are presented. Direct comparisons of dislocation loop measurements by x-rays with existing electron microscopy studies of dislocation loops indicate agreement for larger size loops, but x-ray measurements report higher concentrations in the smaller loop range. Methods for distinguishing between loops and three-dimensional precipitates are discussed and possibilities for detailed studies considered. A comparison of dislocation loop size distributions obtained from integral diffuse scattering measurements with those from TEM show a discrepancy in the smaller sizes similar to that described above.
Radiative transfer with scattering from closely-spaced spheres
Drolen, B.L.
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many heat-transfer applications including fluidized and packed beds, microsphere insulations, and reactor fuel pellets require the analysis of radiative transfer in packed-sphere systems. The radiative properties of surface deposits such as paint and soot layers, and of aerosols such as soot, may be determined by treating them as a collection of spheres. These properties are important for predicting heat transfer in furnaces and flames and for assessing atmospheric attenuation in nuclear-winter scenarios. For many applications when the particle size is larger than the wavelength, or when the volume fraction is small, scattering from individual spheres in the medium is independent of the influence of neighboring particles. Therefore the extinction characteristics of these systems are based on the properties of the discrete particles. This approach is shown to be in good agreement with published experimental data for a packed bed of spheres. When dependent scattering is important, effects caused by the proximity of the neighboring particles must be included. This model examines interference between the scattered waves from each of the particles in the medium. The particle centers correlate via a distribution function which represents the distribution of neighboring particles about a central particle.
Lauren Bains August 27, 2002 Differential Scattering Cross Sections of Photons Scattered
Saskatchewan, University of
Lauren Bains August 27, 2002 Differential Scattering Cross Sections of Photons Scattered from Compton scattering of high energy photons off of oxygen nuclei (Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory (SAL) Experiment 056). Nuclear Compton scattering occurs when a photon with some initial momentum interacts
Imaging the proton via hard exclusive production in diffractive pp scattering
Charles Hyde; Leonid Frankfurt; Mark Strikman; Christian Weiss
2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the prospects for probing Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) via exclusive production of a high-mass system (H = heavy quarkonium, di-photon, di-jet, Higgs boson) in diffractive pp scattering, pp -> p + H + p. In such processes the interplay of hard and soft interactions gives rise to a diffraction pattern in the final-state proton transverse momenta, which is sensitive to the transverse spatial distribution of partons in the colliding protons. We comment on the plans for diffractive pp measurements at RHIC and LHC. Such studies could complement future measurements of GPDs in hard exclusive ep scattering (JLab, COMPASS, EIC).
Chen, Yangjun
Distributed DBMS Outline Introduction What is a distributed DBMS Problems Current state-of-affairs Background Distributed DBMS Architecture Distributed Database Design Semantic Data Control Distributed Query Processing Distributed Transaction Management Parallel Database Systems Distributed Object DBMS
User
NORMAL DlSTRlBUTION TABLE. Entries represent the area under the standardized normal distribution from -w to z, Pr(Z
Initial Parton Distribution just after Heavy Ion Collisions
Ghi R. Shin; Kang S. Lee
2006-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
We study the initial distribution of a parton system which is formed just after relativistic heavy ion collision by the elastic scattering among the constituent partons in details and analyze the baryon and strangeness contents of the primary parton system. We present the rapidity and energy distributions of the system.
Contradictions of the quantum scattering theory
V. K. Ignatovich
2006-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
The standard scattering theory (SST) in non relativistic quantum mechanics (QM) is analyzed. Self-contradictions of SST are deconstructed. A direct way to calculate scattering probability without introduction of a finite volume is discussed. Substantiation of SST in textbooks with the help of wave packets is shown to be incomplete. A complete theory of wave packets scattering on a fixed center is presented, and its similarity to the plane wave scattering is demonstrated. The neutron scattering on a monatomic gas is investigated, and several problems are pointed out. A catastrophic ambiguity of the cross section is revealed, and a way to resolve this ambiguity is discussed.
Transverse Imaging of the Proton in Exclusive Diffractive pp Scattering
Christian Weiss; Leonid Frankfurt; Charles Hyde-Wright; Mark Strikman
2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
In a forthcoming paper we describe a new approach to rapidity gap survival (RGS) in the production of high-mass systems (H = dijet, Higgs, etc.) in exclusive double-gap diffractive pp scattering, pp -> p + H + p. It is based on the idea that hard and soft interactions are approximately independent (QCD factorization), and allows us to calculate the RGS probability in a model-independent way in terms of the gluon generalized parton distributions (GPDs) in the colliding protons and the pp elastic scattering amplitude. Here we focus on the transverse momentum dependence of the cross section. By measuring the ''diffraction pattern'', one can perform detailed tests of the interplay of hard and soft interactions, and even extract information about the gluon GPD in the proton from the data.
Coexistence of high-bit-rate quantum key distribution and data on optical fiber
K. A. Patel; J. F. Dynes; I. Choi; A. W. Sharpe; A. R. Dixon; Z. L. Yuan; R. V. Penty; A. J. Shields
2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum key distribution (QKD) uniquely allows distribution of cryptographic keys with security verified by quantum mechanical limits. Both protocol execution and subsequent applications require the assistance of classical data communication channels. While using separate fibers is one option, it is economically more viable if data and quantum signals are simultaneously transmitted through a single fiber. However, noise-photon contamination arising from the intense data signal has severely restricted both the QKD distances and secure key rates. Here, we exploit a novel temporal-filtering effect for noise-photon rejection. This allows high-bit-rate QKD over fibers up to 90 km in length and populated with error-free bidirectional Gb/s data communications. With high-bit rate and range sufficient for important information infrastructures, such as smart cities and 10 Gbit Ethernet, QKD is a significant step closer towards wide-scale deployment in fiber networks.
Alvarez, Nadir
include the Iberian Peninsula in the west and the Italo-Balkanic region in the east (e.g. Thorpe, 1984 such as the Caucasus, southern Urals and western Asia (Cooper et al., 1995; Bilton et al., 1998; Nesbo et al., 1999 to north-western Turkey and a Near East clade distributed from Georgia to Romania; the two clades separated
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article: X-rayContractforCenters Technology DeploymentSmallEnergy
DISTRIBUTED DATABASES INTRODUCTION
Liu, Chengfei
D DISTRIBUTED DATABASES INTRODUCTION The development of network and data communication tech- nology distributed database management. Naturally, the decen- tralized approach reflects the distributed aspects in the definition of a distributed database exist. First, a distributed database is distributed
LED lamp or bulb with remote phosphor and diffuser configuration with enhanced scattering properties
Tong, Tao; Le Toquin, Ronan; Keller, Bernd; Tarsa, Eric; Youmans, Mark; Lowes, Theodore; Medendorp, Jr., Nicholas W; Van De Ven, Antony; Negley, Gerald
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
An LED lamp or bulb is disclosed that comprises a light source, a heat sink structure and an optical cavity. The optical cavity comprises a phosphor carrier having a conversions material and arranged over an opening to the cavity. The phosphor carrier comprises a thermally conductive transparent material and is thermally coupled to the heat sink structure. An LED based light source is mounted in the optical cavity remote to the phosphor carrier with light from the light source passing through the phosphor carrier. A diffuser dome is included that is mounted over the optical cavity, with light from the optical cavity passing through the diffuser dome. The properties of the diffuser, such as geometry, scattering properties of the scattering layer, surface roughness or smoothness, and spatial distribution of the scattering layer properties may be used to control various lamp properties such as color uniformity and light intensity distribution as a function of viewing angle.
Near-barrier quasielastic scattering as a sensitive tool to derive nuclear matter diffuseness
Crema, E.; Simoes, R. F.; Barioni, A. [Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Travessa R da Rua do Matao, 187, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Otomar, D. R.; Monteiro, D. S.; Lubian, J.; Gomes, P. R. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Avenida Litoranea s/n, Gragoata, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, 24210-340 (Brazil); Ono, L. K. [Physics Department, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Shorto, J. M. B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, IPEN/CNEN, Avenida Lineu Prestes, 2242, 05508-000, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quasielastic excitation functions for the {sup 16,18}O + {sup 60}Ni systems were measured at energies near and below the Coulomb barrier, at the backward angle {theta}{sub LAB} = 161 deg. The corresponding quasielastic barrier distributions were derived. The data were compared with predictions from coupled channel calculations using a double-folding potential as a bare potential. For the {sup 16}O-induced scattering, good agreement was obtained for the barrier distribution by using the projectile default nuclear matter diffuseness obtained from the Sao Paulo potential systematic, that is, 0.56 fm. However, for the {sup 18}O-induced scattering, good agreement was obtained only when the projectile nuclear matter diffuseness was changed to 0.62 fm. Therefore, in this paper we show how near-barrier quasielastic scattering can be used as a sensitive tool to derive nuclear matter diffuseness.
Self-Organizing Maps and Parton Distribution Functions
K. Holcomb, Simonetta Liuti, D. Z. Perry
2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new method to extract parton distribution functions from high energy experimental data based on a specific type of neural networks, the Self-Organizing Maps. We illustrate the features of our new procedure that are particularly useful for an anaysis directed at extracting generalized parton distributions from data. We show quantitative results of our initial analysis of the parton distribution functions from inclusive deep inelastic scattering.
Hard Scattering Studies at Jlab
Harutyun Avagyan; Peter Bosted; Volker Burkert; Latifa Elouadrhiri
2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present current activities and future prospects for studies of hard scattering processes using the CLAS detector and the CEBAF polarized electron beam. Kinematic dependences of single and double spin asymmetries have been measured in a wide kinematic range at CLAS with a polarized NH{sub 3} and unpolarized liquid hydrogen targets. It has been shown that the data are consistent with factorization and observed target and beam asymmetries are in good agreement with measurements performed at higher energies, suggesting that the high energy-description of the semi-inclusive DIS process can be extended to the moderate energies of JLab measurements.
Measurements of transverse momentum in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering at CLAS
K.A. Griffioen
2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
With mounting experimental evidence that only a small fraction of the proton's spin comes from the spins of its quarks and gluons, the quest for orbital angular momentum has begun. The parton distributions relevant to this depend on transverse quark momenta. Recent CLAS semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering measurements probe these new transverse-momentum-dependent parton distributions using longitudinally polarized beams and targets and detecting {pi}{sup +},{pi}{sup -} and {pi}{sup 0} in the final state.
Electron scattering in helium for Monte Carlo simulations
Khrabrov, Alexander V.; Kaganovich, Igor D. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)
2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
An analytical approximation for differential cross-section of electron scattering on helium atoms is introduced. It is intended for Monte Carlo simulations, which, instead of angular distributions based on experimental data (or on first-principle calculations), usually rely on approximations that are accurate yet numerically efficient. The approximation is based on the screened-Coulomb differential cross-section with energy-dependent screening. For helium, a two-pole approximation of the screening parameter is found to be highly accurate over a wide range of energies.
Absorption and scattering in ground-penetrating radar: Analysis of the Bishop Tuff
Grimm, Robert E.
coefficients were computed from profiles that showed distributed scattering: the semilogarithmic signal decay is directly analogous to seismic coda. The absorption (intrinsic loss) was determined to be $1 dB/m from low- frequency vertical-electric soundings. The residual attenuation (that is, the attenuation in the absence
Nuclear Effects in Deep Inelastic Scattering of Charged-Current Neutrino off Nuclear
Duan ChunGui; Li GuangLie; Shen PengNian
2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
Nuclear effect in the neutrino-nucleus charged-Current inelastic scattering process is studied by analyzing the CCFR and NuTeV data. Structure functions $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and $xF_3(x,Q^2)$ as well as differential cross sections are calculated by using CTEQ parton distribution functions and EKRS and HKN nuclear parton distribution functions, and compared with the CCFR and NuTeV data. It is found that the corrections of nuclear effect to the differential cross section for the charged-current anti-neutrino scattering on nucleus are negligible, the EMC effect exists in the neutrino structure function $F_2(x,Q^2)$ in the large $x$ region, the shadowing and anti-shadowing effect occurs in the distribution functions of valence quarks in the small and medium $x$ region,respectively. It is also found that shadowing effects on $F_2(x,Q^2)$ in the small $x$ region in the neutrino-nucleus and the charged-lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering processes are different. It is clear that the neutrino-nucleus deep inelastic scattering data should further be employed in restricting nuclear parton distributions.
Premixed turbulent flame front structure investigation by Rayleigh scattering in the thin
Gülder, Ömer L.
in propane flames. The probability density function of curvature showed a Gaussian-like distribution at allair and propaneair stabilized on a bunsen type burner were studied using planar Rayleigh scattering and particle flames, and from 0.7 to stoichiometric for propane flames. The non-dimensional turbulence rms velocity, u
Giant resonances in (116)Sn from 240 MeV (6)Li scattering
Chen, X.; Lui, Y. -W; Clark, H. L.; Tokimoto, Y.; Youngblood, David H.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Giant resonances in (116)Sn were measured by inelastic scattering of (6)Li ions at E(6)Li=240 MeV over the angle range 0(degrees)-6(degrees). Isoscalar E0-E3 strength distributions were obtained with a double folding model analysis. A total of 106...
Parameterised Electromagnetic Scattering Solutions for a Range of Incident Wave Angles
Peraire, Jaime
reduction in the computational costs. Reduced--order approximations operate in two stages. In an initial off of these computations are stored. In an online stage, specified outputs of interest are computed at low cost for new in determining the scattering width distribution for a new design. Computational methods can provide assistance
Intravalley Multiple Scattering of Quasiparticles in Graphene
J. Y. Vaishnav; Justin Q. Anderson; Jamie D. Walls
2011-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a theoretical description of intravalley scattering of quasiparticles in graphene from multiple short-range scatterers of size much greater than the carbon-carbon bond length. Our theory provides a method to rapidly calculate the Green's function in graphene for arbitrary configurations of scatterers. We demonstrate that non-collinear multiple scattering trajectories generate pseudospin rotations that alter quasiparticle interference, resulting in significant modifications to the shape, intensity, and pattern of the interference fringes in the local density of states (LDOS). We illustrate these effects via theoretical calculations of the LDOS for a variety of scattering configurations in single layer graphene. A clear understanding of impurity scattering in graphene is a step towards exploiting graphene's unique properties to build future devices.
Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Detector
Hessler, Jan P.
2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
A detector for time-resolved small-angle x-ray scattering includes a nearly constant diameter, evacuated linear tube having an end plate detector with a first fluorescent screen and concentric rings of first fiber optic bundles for low angle scattering detection and an annular detector having a second fluorescent screen and second fiber optic bundles concentrically disposed about the tube for higher angle scattering detection. With the scattering source, i.e., the specimen under investigation, located outside of the evacuated tube on the tube's longitudinal axis, scattered x-rays are detected by the fiber optic bundles, to each of which is coupled a respective photodetector, to provide a measurement resolution, i.e., dq/q, where q is the momentum transferred from an incident x-ray to an x-ray scattering specimen, of 2% over two (2) orders of magnitude in reciprocal space, i.e., qmax/qmin approx=lO0.
Transmission Eigenvalues in Inverse Scattering Theory
Title: Transmission Eigenvalues in Inverse Scattering Theory Abstract: The transmission eigenvalue problem is a new class of eigenvalue problems that has
Recent Studies on Inverse Medium Scattering Problems
2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency and robustness of the ... Energy estimates for the scattered field are established, which provide ...
Multiple-scattering series for color transparency
Greenberg, W.R.; Miller, G.A. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cold transparency (CT) depends on the formation of a wave packet of small spatial extent. It is useful to interpret experimental searches for CT with a multiple-scattering series based on wave-packet--nucleon scattering instead of the standard one using nucleon-nucleon scattering. We develop several new techniques which are valid for differing ranges of energy. These techniques are applied to verify some early approximations, study new forms of the wave-packet--nucleon interaction, examine effects of treating wave packets of nonzero size, and predict the production of [ital N][sup *]'s in electron scattering experiments.
What Does a Scattering Pattern Tell US?
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
driven - Phase transition - Strain * In-situ rigs and reactors: Vanessa's talk * Laser pump-probe * Will the scattering from the reactor windows interfere? * Time Dependent -...
Coupled-channel scattering on a torus
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Guo, Peng [JLAB; Dudek, Jozef Jon [Old Dominion U., JLAB; Edwards, Robert G. [JLAB; Szczepaniak, Adam Pawel [Indiana U.
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the Hamiltonian formalism approach, a generalized Luscher's formula for two particle scattering in both the elastic and coupled-channel cases in moving frames is derived from a relativistic Lippmann-Schwinger equation. Some strategies for extracting scattering amplitudes for a coupled-channel system from the discrete finite-volume spectrum are discussed and illustrated with a toy model of two-channel resonant scattering. This formalism will, in the near future, be used to extract information about hadron scattering from lattice QCD computations.
INVERSE SCATTERING PROBLEMS WITH MULTI-FREQUENCIES ...
2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z
set of scientific areas with significant industrial, medical, and military ... as location, geometry, or material property, from knowledge of the scattered field. [46
Fast methods for inverse wave scattering problems
Lee, Jung Hoon, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse wave scattering problems arise in many applications including computerized/diffraction tomography, seismology, diffraction/holographic grating design, object identification from radar singals, and semiconductor ...
Transition representations of quantum evolution with application to scattering resonances
Strauss, Y. [Einstein Institute of Mathematics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)
2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
A Lyapunov operator is a self-adjoint quantum observable whose expectation value varies monotonically as time increases and may serve as a marker for the flow of time in a quantum system. In this paper it is shown that the existence of a certain type of Lyapunov operator leads to representations of the quantum dynamics, termed transition representations, in which an evolving quantum state {psi}(t) is decomposed into a sum {psi}(t) ={psi}{sup b}(t) +{psi}{sup f}(t) of a backward asymptotic component and a forward asymptotic component such that the evolution process is represented as a transition from {psi}{sup b}(t) to {psi}{sup f}(t). When applied to the evolution of scattering resonances, such transition representations separate the process of decay of a scattering resonance from the evolution of outgoing waves corresponding to the probability 'released' by the resonance and carried away to spatial infinity. This separation property clearly exhibits the spatial probability distribution profile of a resonance. Moreover, it leads to the definition of exact resonance states as elements of the physical Hilbert space corresponding to the scattering problem. These resonance states evolve naturally according to a semigroup law of evolution.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power Administration wouldDecemberReportsEnergy Analysis Energy Analysis ElectricityDistributed
Heller, Barbara
probabilities in the standard normal table What is the area to the left of Z=1.51 in a standard normal curve? Z=1.51 Z=1.51 Area is 93.45% #12;Exercises Â· If scores are normally distributed with a mean of 30 beauty of the normal curve: No matter what and are, the area between - and + is about 68%; the area
Lee, Wu-Jung
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The interpretation of echoes collected by active remote-sensing systems, such as sonar and radar, is often ambiguous due to the complexities in the scattering processes involving the scatterers, the environment, and the ...
Key distributionKey distribution Key distribution, symmetric encryption
Fisher, Michael
COMP 522 Key distributionKey distribution COMP 522 Key distribution, symmetric encryption From in a secure way and must keep the key secure" · Important issue: how to distribute secret keys? COMP 522 Key distribution, manual delivery For two parties A and B: · A key could be created by A and delivered physically
Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries for Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Seder, E.; Biselli, A; Pisano, S; Niccolai, S; Smith, G D.; Joo, K; Adhikari, K; Amaryan, M J.; Anderson, M D.; Anefalos Pereira, S; Avakian, H; Battaglieri, M; Bedlinskiy, I; Bono, J; Boiarinov, S; Bosted, P; Briscoe, W; Brock, J; Brooks, W K.; Bueltmann, S; Burkert, V D.; Carman, D S.; Carlin, C; Celentano, A; Chandavar, S; Charles, G; Colaneri, L; Cole, P L.; Contalbrigo, M; Crabb, D; Crede, V; D'Angelo, A; Dashyan, N; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Deur, A; Djalali, C; Doughty, D; Dupre, R; El Fassi, L; Elouadrhiri, L; Eugenio, P; Fedotov, G; Fegan, S; Filippi, A; Fleming, J A.; Fradi, A; Garillon, B; Garcon, M; Gevorgyan, N; Ghandilyan, Y; Giovanetti, K L.; Girod, F X.; Goetz, J T.; Gohn, W; Gothe, R W.; Griffioen, K A.; Guegan, B; Guidal, M; Guo, L; Hafidi, K; Hakobyan, H; Hanretty, C; Harrison, N; Hattawy, M; Hirlinger Saylor, N; Holtrop, M; Hughes, S M.; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G.; Ishkhanov, B S.; Isupov, E L.; Jo, H S.; Joosten, S; Keith, C D.; Keller, D; Khachatryan, G; Khandaker, M; Kim, A; Kim, W; Klein, A; Klein, F J.; Koirala, S; Kubarovsky, V; Kuhn, S E.; Lenisa, P; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y.; MacGregor, I J.D.; Markov, N; Mayer, M; McKinnon, B; Meekins, D G.; Mineeva, T; Mirazita, M; Mokeev, V; Montgomery, R; Moody, C I.; Moutarde, H; Movsisyan, A; Munoz Camacho, C; Nadel-Turonski, P; Niculescu, I; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I.; Paolone, M; Pappalardo, L L.; Park, K; Park, S; Pasyuk, E; Peng, P; Phelps, W; Pogorelko, O; Price, J W.; Prok, Y; Protopopescu, D; Puckett, A J.R.; Ripani, M; Rizzo, A; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Roy, P; Sabatie, F; Salgado, C; Schott, D; Schumacher, R A.; Senderovich, I; Simonyan, A; Skorodumina, I; Sokhan, D; Sparveris, N; Stepanyan, S; Stoler, P; Strakovsky, I I.; Strauch, S; Sytnik, V; Taiuti, M; Tang, W; Tian, Y; Ungaro, M; Voskanyan, H; Voutier, E; Walford, N K.; Watts, D P.; Wei, X; Weinstein, L B.; Wood, M H.; Zachariou, N; Zana, L; Zhang, J; Zonta, I
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A measurement of the electroproduction of photons off protons in the deeply inelastic regime was performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly 6-GeV electron beam, a longitudinally polarized proton target and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Target-spin asymmetries for ep-->e'p'y events, which arise from the interference of the deeply virtual Compton scattering and the Bethe-Heitler processes, were extracted over the widest kinematics in Q2, xB, t and phi, for 166 four-dimensional bins. In the framework of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs), at leading twist the t dependence of these asymmetries provides insight on the spatial distribution of the axial charge of the proton, which appears to be concentrated in its center. These results also bring important and necessary constraints for the existing parametrizations of chiral-even GPDs.
Longitudinal Target-Spin Asymmetries for Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Seder, E.; Biselli, A.; Pisano, S.; Niccolai, S.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A measurement of the electroproduction of photons off protons in the deeply inelastic regime was performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly 6-GeV electron beam, a longitudinally polarized proton target and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Target-spin asymmetries for ep?e'p'y events, which arise from the interference of the deeply virtual Compton scattering and the Bethe-Heitler processes, were extracted over the widest kinematics in Q2, xB, t and ?, for 166 four-dimensional bins. In the framework of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs), at leading twist the t dependence of these asymmetries provides insight on the spatial distribution of the axial charge ofmore »the proton, which appears to be concentrated in its center. These results also bring important and necessary constraints for the existing parametrizations of chiral-even GPDs.« less
Fiedler, M.; Frank, H.; Gomer, T.; Hausmann, M.; Pfeilsticker, K.; Platt, U.
1993-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on observations of a minihole ozone depletion event near Kiruna, Sweden on February 6, 1990 in groundbased differential optical absorption spectroscopic measurements. The paper presents a general discussion of the method of zenith scattered sunlight spectroscopy, measurement results for total column ozone, and corrections for interference from polar stratospheric clouds in measurements of such trace gases. Mie scattering can greatly affect the intensity distribution of sunlight scattered at zenith angles, resulting in significant errors in the airmass factor for ozone. When corrections for this scattering are taken into account, no ozone depletion was observed.
None
2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
ADEPT Project: HRL Laboratories is using gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductors to create battery chargers for electric vehicles (EVs) that are more compact and efficient than traditional EV chargers. Reducing the size and weight of the battery charger is important because it would help improve the overall performance of the EV. GaN semiconductors process electricity faster than the silicon semiconductors used in most conventional EV battery chargers. These high-speed semiconductors can be paired with lighter-weight electrical circuit components, which helps decrease the overall weight of the EV battery charger. HRL Laboratories is combining the performance advantages of GaN semiconductors with an innovative, interactive battery-to-grid energy distribution design. This design would support 2-way power flow, enabling EV battery chargers to not only draw energy from the power grid, but also store and feed energy back into it.
Irena : tool suite for modeling and analysis of small-angle scattering.
Ilavsky, J.; Jemian, P.
2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Irena, a tool suite for analysis of both X-ray and neutron small-angle scattering (SAS) data within the commercial Igor Pro application, brings together a comprehensive suite of tools useful for investigations in materials science, physics, chemistry, polymer science and other fields. In addition to Guinier and Porod fits, the suite combines a variety of advanced SAS data evaluation tools for the modeling of size distribution in the dilute limit using maximum entropy and other methods, dilute limit small-angle scattering from multiple non-interacting populations of scatterers, the pair-distance distribution function, a unified fit, the Debye-Bueche model, the reflectivity (X-ray and neutron) using Parratt's formalism, and small-angle diffraction. There are also a number of support tools, such as a data import/export tool supporting a broad sampling of common data formats, a data modification tool, a presentation-quality graphics tool optimized for small-angle scattering data, and a neutron and X-ray scattering contrast calculator. These tools are brought together into one suite with consistent interfaces and functionality. The suite allows robust automated note recording and saving of parameters during export.
Inclusive Electron Scattering From Nuclei at x >1 and High Q^2
John Arrington
1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
CEBAF experiment e89-008 measured inclusive electron scattering from nuclei in a Q{sup 2} range between 0.8 and 7.3 (GeV/c){sup 2} for x{sub Bjorken} approximately greater than 1. The cross sections for scattering from D C, Fe, and Au were measured. The C, Fe, and Au data have been analyzed in terms of F(y) to examine y-scaling of the quasielastic scattering, and to study the momentum distribution of the nucleons in the nucleus. The data have also been analyzed in terms of the structure function vW{sub 2} to examine scaling of the inelastic scattering in x and xi and to study the momentum distribution of the quarks. In the regions where quasielastic scattering dominates the cross section (low Q{sup 2} or large negative values of y), the data are shown to exhibit y-scaling. However, the y-scaling breaks down once the inelastic contributions become large. The data do not exhibit x-scaling, except at the lowest values of x, while the structure function does appear to scale in the Nachtmann variable, xi.
Phillips, J.L.; Gosling, J.T.; McComas, D.J.; Bame, S.J.; Feldman, W.C.
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The solar wind electron heat flux is carried primarily by superthermal halo'' electrons with energies at 1 AU of {approximately}80 eV and greater. These halo electrons typically are beamed antisunward along the IMF, indicating effective magnetic connection to the Sun only in one direction. However, ISEE-3 electron observations at 1 AU show that counterstreaming halo beams, suggesting closed magnetic structures, prevail within CMEs. These structures might be magnetic tongues,'' tied to the Sun at both ends, magnetically detached plasmoids, or perhaps complex flux rope structures. We present the results of analysis of ISEE-3 electron observations within 39 CMEs. Parameters analyzed include: the asymmetry between the counterstreaming beams, control by the IMF orientation, and the variation of the electron distributions as a particular CME convects past the spacecraft. We find that some CMEs contain nearly symmetric electron beams, while others are strongly asymmetric, and that beam propagating most nearly antisunward is generally dominant. The more nearly radial the IMF the greater is the symmetry between outward and inward beams. Trends observed as CMEs propagate past the spacecraft probably result primarily from the compression of the leading edge. We present examples of a previously unreported strahl-on-strahl'' distribution, suggesting continued magnetic connection to the corona, in which a narrow antisunward beam is superimposed on a broader beam. Preliminary results show that such spectra are present in a substantial fraction of the observed CMEs. Taken as a whole, our results appear to favor a tongue or flux rope scenario rather than a detached plasmoid.
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalyticPreparation and propertiessystem (Conference)U.S. China60308U235:DISTRIBUTION
Introduction to Dynamic Distributed
Roma "La Sapienza", Università di
Introduction to Dynamic Distributed SystemsSystems #12;Outline Introduction Churn Building Applications in Dynamic Distributed Systems RegistersRegisters Eventual Leader election Connectivity in Dynamic Distributed Systems #12;Dynamic Distributed Systems: Context & Motivations Advent of Complex Distributed
Predicting X-ray diffuse scattering from translation–libration–screw structural ensembles
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Van Benschoten, Andrew H.; Afonine, Pavel V.; Terwilliger, Thomas C.; Wall, Michael E.; Jackson, Colin J.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Adams, Paul D.; Urzhumtsev, Alexandre; Fraser, James S.
2015-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Identifying the intramolecular motions of proteins and nucleic acids is a major challenge in macromolecular X-ray crystallography. Because Bragg diffraction describes the average positional distribution of crystalline atoms with imperfect precision, the resulting electron density can be compatible with multiple models of motion. Diffuse X-ray scattering can reduce this degeneracy by reporting on correlated atomic displacements. Although recent technological advances are increasing the potential to accurately measure diffuse scattering, computational modeling and validation tools are still needed to quantify the agreement between experimental data and different parameterizations of crystalline disorder. A new tool, phenix.diffuse, addresses this need by employing Guinier'smore »equation to calculate diffuse scattering from Protein Data Bank (PDB)-formatted structural ensembles. As an example case, phenix.diffuse is applied to translation–libration–screw (TLS) refinement, which models rigid-body displacement for segments of the macromolecule. To enable the calculation of diffuse scattering from TLS-refined structures, phenix.tls_as_xyz builds multi-model PDB files that sample the underlying T, L and S tensors. In the glycerophosphodiesterase GpdQ, alternative TLS-group partitioning and different motional correlations between groups yield markedly dissimilar diffuse scattering maps with distinct implications for molecular mechanism and allostery. These methods demonstrate how, in principle, X-ray diffuse scattering could extend macromolecular structural refinement, validation and analysis.« less
Influence of the Environment Fluctuations on Incoherent Neutron Scattering Functions
D. J. Bicout
2001-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
In extending the conventional dynamic models, we consider a simple model to account for the environment fluctuations of particle atoms in a protein system and derive the elastic incoherent structure factor (EISF) and the incoherent scattering correlation function C(Q,t) for both the jump dynamics between sites with fluctuating site interspacing and for the diffusion inside a fluctuating sphere. We find that the EISF of the system (or the normalized elastic intensity) is equal to that in the absence of fluctuations averaged over the distribution of site interspacing or sphere radius a. The scattering correlation function is $C(Q,t)=\\sum_{n} \\psi(t)$, where the average is taken over the Q-dependent effective distribution of relaxation rates \\lambda_n(a) and \\psi(t) is the correlation function of the length a. When \\psi(t)=1, the relaxation of C(Q,t) is exponential for the jump dynamics between sites (since \\lambda_n(a) is independent of a) while it is nonexponential for diffusion inside a sphere.
Temperature Dependent Neutron Scattering Sections for Polyethylene
Roger E. Hill; C. -Y. Liu
2003-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
This note presents neutron scattering cross sections for polyethylene at 296 K, 77 K and 4 K derived from a new scattering kernel for neutron scattering off of hydrogen in polyethylene. The kernel was developed in ENDF-6 format as a set of S(alpha,beta) tables using the LEAPR module of the NJOY94 code package. The polyethylene density of states (from 0 to sub eV) adopted to derive the new kernel is presented. We compare our calculated room temperature total scattering cross sections and double differential cross sections at 232 meV at various angles with the available experimental data (at room temperature), and then extrapolate the calculations to lower temperatures (77K and 4K). The new temperature dependent scattering kernel gives a good quantitative fit to the available room temperature data and has a temperature dependence that is qualitatively consistent with thermodynamics.
Ultrasound scattering and the study of vortex correlations in disordered flows
Denis Boyer; Fernando Lund
1999-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
In an idealized way, some turbulent flows can be pictured by assemblies of many vortices characterized by a set of particle distribution functions. Ultrasound provide an useful, nonintrusive, tool to study the spatial structure of vorticity in flows. This is analogous to the use of elastic neutron scattering to determine liquid structure. We express the dispersion relation, as well as the scattering cross section, of sound waves propagating in a ``liquid'' of identical vortices as a function of vortex pair correlation functions. In two dimensions, formal analogies with ionic liquids are pointed out.
Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering
Boyer, Edmond
775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Inelastic Neutron Scattering Study of the
Lawrence, Jon
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE Inelastic Neutron Scattering Study of the Intermediate Valence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Inelastic Neutron Scattering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.a Neutron Scattering Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.b
EXPERIMENTS ON N-P SCATTERING WITH 260 MEV NEUTRONS
Kelly, E.; Leith, C.; Segre, E.; Wiegand, C.
1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
FIG. IN MEV Mu 56 NEUTRON SCATTERING ANGLE FIG 3 Mu 57EXPERIWNTS ON N-P SCATTERING WITH 260 MEV NEUTRONS Eo Refly,EXPERIMENTS OM N-P SCATTERING WITH 260 MEV NEUTRONS E Kelly,
High Energy Scattering Amplitudes of Superstring Theory
Chuan-Tsung Chan; Jen-Chi Lee; Yi Yang
2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
We use three different methods to calculate the proportionality constants among high-energy scattering amplitudes of different string states with polarizations on the scattering plane. These are the decoupling of high-energy zero-norm states (HZNS), the Virasoro constraints and the saddle-point calculation. These calculations are performed at arbitrary but fixed mass level for the NS sector of 10D open superstring. All three methods give the consistent results, which generalize the previous works on the high-energy 26D open bosonic string theory. In addition, we discover new leading order high-energy scattering amplitudes, which are still proportional to the previous ones, with polarizations orthogonal to the scattering plane. These scattering amplitudes are of subleading order in energy for the case of 26D open bosonic string theory. The existence of these new high-energy scattering amplitudes is due to the worldsheet fermion exchange in the correlation functions and is, presumably, related to the high-energy massive spacetime fermionic scattering amplitudes in the R-sector of the theory.
International Conference on Neutron Scattering 2005 Darling Harbour. Sydney. Australia
International Conference on Neutron Scattering 2005 Darling Harbour. Sydney. Australia 27 November, Hillerød, Denmark Combined application of small-angle neutron scattering and oscillatory shear
Neutron inelastic scattering in natural Pb as a background in...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Neutron inelastic scattering in natural Pb as a background in neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Neutron inelastic scattering in...
Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and Fracture in EGS Environments Application of Neutron Imaging and Scattering to Fluid Flow and Fracture in EGS...
Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Study of Water Confined in Carbon...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Study of Water Confined in Carbon Nanopores Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Quasielastic Neutron Scattering Study of Water Confined in...
Production of $c \\bar c$ pairs at LHC: $k_t$-factorization and double-parton scattering
Antoni Szczurek
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss charm production at LHC. The production of single $c \\bar c$ pairs is calculated in the $k_t$-factorization approach. We use several unintegrated gluon distributions from the literature. Differential distributions for several charmed mesons are presented and compared to recent results of the ALICE and LHCb collaborations. Some missing strength can be observed. Furthermore we discuss production of two $c \\bar c$ pairs within a simple formalism of double-parton scattering (DPS). Surprisingly large cross sections, comparable to single-parton scattering (SPS) contribution to $c \\bar c$ production, are predicted for LHC energies.
Gordon Chalmers; Olaf Lechtenfeld; Bernd Niemeyer
2000-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the genus-one three- and four-point amplitudes in the 2+2 dimensional closed N=(2,2) worldsheet supersymmetric string within the RNS formulation. Vertex operators are redefined with the incorporation of spinor helicity techniques, and the quantum scattering is shown to be manifestly gauge and Lorentz invariant after normalizing the string states. The continuous spin structure summation over the monodromies of the worldsheet fermions is carried out explicitly, and the field-theory limit is extracted. The amplitude in this limit is shown to be the maximally helicity violating amplitude in pure gravity evaluated in a two-dimensional setting, which vanishes, unlike the four-dimensional result. The vanishing of the genus-one N=2 closed string amplitude is related to the absence of one-loop divergences in dimensionally regulated IIB supergravity. Comparisons and contrasts between self-dual field theory and the N=2 string theory are made at the quantum level; they have different S-matrices. Finally, we point to further relations with self-dual field theory and two-dimensional models.
CMB Cold Spot from Inflationary Feature Scattering
Wang, Yi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a "feature-scattering" mechanism to explain the cosmic microwave background cold spot seen from {\\it WMAP} and {\\it Planck} maps. If there are hidden features in the potential of multi-field inflation, the inflationary trajectory can be scattered by such features. The scattering is controlled by the amount of isocurvature fluctuations, and thus can be considered as a mechanism to convert isocurvature fluctuations into curvature fluctuations. This mechanism predicts localized cold spots (instead of hot ones) on the CMB. In addition, it may also bridge a connection between the cold spot and a dip on the CMB power spectrum at $\\ell \\sim 20$.
Attosecond neutron Compton scattering from protons
C. Aris Chatzidimitriou-Dreismann
2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The effect of "anomalous" scattering of neutrons and electrons from protons in the electron-volt energy-transfer range is considered, and related experimental results are mentioned. A recent independent confirmation of this effect with a new data analysis procedure is presented. Due to the very short characteristic scattering time, there is no well defined separation of time scales of electronic and protonic motions. An outline of a proposed theoretical interpretation is presented, which is based on the fact that scattering protons represent \\textit{open} quantum systems, thus being subject to decoherence.
Integral equations of scattering in one dimension
Vania E. Barlette; Marcelo M. Leite; Sadhan K. Adhikari
2001-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
A self-contained discussion of integral equations of scattering is presented in the case of centrally-symmetric potentials in one dimension, which will facilitate the understanding of more complex scattering integral equations in two and three dimensions. The present discussion illustrates in a simple fashion the concept of partial-wave decomposition, Green's function, Lippmann-Schwinger integral equations of scattering for wave function and transition operator, optical theorem and unitarity relation. We illustrate the present approach with a Dirac delta potential.
Richard Beyer; Markus Franke; Hans Joachim Schöpe; Eckhard Bartsch; Thomas Palberg
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Hard spheres are a well recognized model system of statistical physics and soft condensed matter. Their crystallization behaviour has been intensively studied at the structural length scale by Bragg light scattering and/or high resolution microscopy. We here present an improved light scattering apparatus capable to perform simultaneous measurements in the Bragg scattering regime and in the small angle regime. We give an account of its construction and demonstrate its performance for several examples of hard sphere and attractive hard sphere suspensions. Comparison of small angle to Bragg data allows a calibration of the sequence of events in time. We show how important complementary information can be gained from the small angle studies e.g. on the immediate environment of the growing crystals or the global scale crystallite distribution. We further demonstrate that processes occurring on larger length scales have a significant influence on the crystallization kinetics and the final micro-structure.
Efficient Light Extraction from Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Using Plasmonic Scattering Layers
Rothberg, Lewis
2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Our project addressed the DOE MYPP 2020 goal to improve light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) to 75% (Core task 6.3). As noted in the 2010 MYPP, “the greatest opportunity for improvement is in the extraction of light from [OLED] panels”. There are many approaches to avoiding waveguiding limitations intrinsic to the planar OLED structure including use of textured substrates, microcavity designs and incorporating scattering layers into the device structure. We have chosen to pursue scattering layers since it addresses the largest source of loss which is waveguiding in the OLED itself. Scattering layers also have the potential to be relatively robust to color, polarization and angular distributions. We note that this can be combined with textured or microlens decorated substrates to achieve additional enhancement.
BIOISIS: Biological Macromolecules by Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Tainer, John [Scripps Research Institute; Hura, Greg [LBNL; Rambo, Robert P. [LBNL
BIOISIS is an open access database dedicated to the study of biological macromolecules by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). BIOISIS aims to become the complete source for the deposition, distribution and maintenance of small angle X-ray scattering data and technologies. The database is designed around the concept of an ôexperimentö and relates a specific experiment to a set of genes, organisms, computational models and experimental data. As of May 2012, BIOSIS contains 7,118 genes covering four different organisms. Forty-two modeled structures are available. Clicking on a structures reveals scattering curves, experimental conditions, and experimental values. The data are collected at Beamline 12.3.1 of the Advanced Light Source (ALS).[Copied with editing from http://www.bioisis.net/about
Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges
Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.
Distributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems
Platzer, André
system with a varying number of arbitrarily many cars. 1 Introduction Hybrid systems with joint discrete a multi-agent system, e.g., distributed car control systems. Such systems form distributed hybrid systemsDistributed Theorem Proving for Distributed Hybrid Systems David W. Renshaw, Sarah M. Loos
INELASTIC LIGHT SCATTERING STUDIES OF BOROCARBIDE SUPERCONDUCTORS
Yang, In-Sang
INELASTIC LIGHT SCATTERING STUDIES OF BOROCARBIDE SUPERCONDUCTORS INSANG YANG Department In recent years of studies in ``unconventional'' superconductivity, researchers have concentrated on exotic behavior of the heavy fermion and cuprate su perconductors. However, even superconductors that are thought
What Does a Scattering Pattern Tell US?
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
amplitude e iwt Phase difference Phase difference S e i (ri Q) A(DK) fi A(Q) Fourier Transform ( ri ) DK Q 4p sin(q) l Lensless Imaging Sample Space Scattering Space...
Stimulated Raman scattering in large plasmas
Phillion, D.W.; Banner, D.L.
1980-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
Stimulated Raman scattering is of concern to laser fusion since it can create a hot electron environment which can increase the difficulty of achieving high final fuel densities. In earlier experiments with one micron laser light, the energy measured in Raman-scattered light has been insignificant. But these experiments were done with, at most, about 100 joules of laser energy. The Raman instability has a high threshold which also requires a large plasma to be irradiated with a large diameter spot. Only with a long interaction length can the Raman-scattered light wave convectively grow to a large amplitude, and only in recent long pulse, high energy experiments (4000 joules in 2 ns) at the Shiva laser facility have we observed as much as several percent of the laser light to be Raman-scattered. We find that the Raman instability has a much lower intensity threshold for longer laser pulselength and larger laser spot size on a solid target.
Neutron-deuteron breakup and quasielastic scattering
Ohlson, Alice Elisabeth
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quasielastic scattering and deuteron breakup in the 200 MeV region is studied by impinging a pulsed neutron beam on a deuterium target at the Weapons Neutron Research facility at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The ...
What Does a Scattering Pattern Tell US?
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
image lens Measured in Q 4p sin(q) l Scattering Pattern Bragg's Law Bragg's Law 2014 - International year of Crystallography Proposed in 1912-1913 Nobel Price in Physics - 1915...
Millstone Hill Thomson Scatter Results for 1965
Evans, J. V.
1969-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents F-region electron densities, and electron and ion temperatures observed during the year 1965 at the Millstone Hill Radar Observatory (42.6°N. 71.5“W) by the UHF Thomson (incoherent) scatter radar. The ...
Millstone Hill Thomson Scatter Results for 1964
Evans, J. V.
1967-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Thomson scatter (incoherent backscatter) observations of the ionosphere were made at Millstone Hill at a wavelength of 68 cm during 1964, for 30-hour periods every two weeks. These data have been employed to derive the ...
Compton Scattering in the ALS Booster
Robin, David
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
pulses by colliding short laser pulses with highly focusedAs a result of the laser pulses short duration and the elec-ton side scattering of a short visible laser beam by a well-
Association of scattering matrices in quantum networks
Almeida, F.A.G., E-mail: falmeida@ufs.br [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, 49100-000 São Cristovão, SE (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, 49100-000 São Cristovão, SE (Brazil); Macêdo, A.M.S. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, PE (Brazil)] [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, PE (Brazil)
2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Algorithms based on operations that associate scattering matrices in series or in parallel (analogous to impedance association in a classical circuit) are developed here. We exemplify their application by calculating the total scattering matrix of several types of quantum networks, such as star graphs and a chain of chaotic quantum dots, obtaining results with good agreement with the literature. Through a computational-time analysis we compare the efficiency of two algorithms for the simulation of a chain of chaotic quantum dots based on series association operations of (i) two-by-two centers and (ii) three-by-three ones. Empirical results point out that the algorithm (ii) is more efficient than (i) for small number of open scattering channels. A direct counting of floating point operations justifies quantitatively the superiority of the algorithm (i) for large number of open scattering channels.
Scattering Properties of Oriented Hexagonal Ice Crystals
Zhang, Feng
2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
To interpret the data from spaceborn lidar measurements, one must have a basic understanding of the backscattering of oriented ice particles. The conventional raytracing method is not applicable to the scattering of light by oriented particles...
Conformal Bootstrap, Universality and Gravitational Scattering
Steven Jackson; Lauren McGough; Herman Verlinde
2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
We use the conformal bootstrap equations to study the non-perturbative gravitational scattering between infalling and outgoing particles in the vicinity of a black hole horizon in AdS. We focus on irrational 2D CFTs with large $c$ and only Virasoro symmetry. The scattering process is described by the matrix element of two light operators (particles) between two heavy states (BTZ black holes). We find that the operator algebra in this regime is (i) universal and identical to that of Liouville CFT, and (ii) takes the form of an exchange algebra, specified by an R-matrix that exactly matches with the scattering amplitude of 2+1 gravity. The R-matrix is given by a quantum 6j-symbol and the scattering phase by the volume of a hyperbolic tetrahedron. We comment on the relevance of our results to scrambling and the holographic reconstruction of the bulk physics near black hole horizons.
Analysis of light transport in scattering media
Mukaigawa, Yasuhiro
We propose a new method to analyze light transport in homogeneous scattering media. The incident light undergoes multiple bounces in translucent objects, and produces a complex light field. Our method analyzes the light ...
Thulasidasan, Sunil [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kasiviswanathan, Shiva [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Eidenbenz, Stephan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Romero, Philip [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We re-examine the problem of load balancing in conservatively synchronized parallel, discrete-event simulations executed on high-performance computing clusters, focusing on simulations where computational and messaging load tend to be spatially clustered. Such domains are frequently characterized by the presence of geographic 'hot-spots' - regions that generate significantly more simulation events than others. Examples of such domains include simulation of urban regions, transportation networks and networks where interaction between entities is often constrained by physical proximity. Noting that in conservatively synchronized parallel simulations, the speed of execution of the simulation is determined by the slowest (i.e most heavily loaded) simulation process, we study different partitioning strategies in achieving equitable processor-load distribution in domains with spatially clustered load. In particular, we study the effectiveness of partitioning via spatial scattering to achieve optimal load balance. In this partitioning technique, nearby entities are explicitly assigned to different processors, thereby scattering the load across the cluster. This is motivated by two observations, namely, (i) since load is spatially clustered, spatial scattering should, intuitively, spread the load across the compute cluster, and (ii) in parallel simulations, equitable distribution of CPU load is a greater determinant of execution speed than message passing overhead. Through large-scale simulation experiments - both of abstracted and real simulation models - we observe that scatter partitioning, even with its greatly increased messaging overhead, significantly outperforms more conventional spatial partitioning techniques that seek to reduce messaging overhead. Further, even if hot-spots change over the course of the simulation, if the underlying feature of spatial clustering is retained, load continues to be balanced with spatial scattering leading us to the observation that spatial scattering can often obviate the need for dynamic load balancing.
Can one extract the pi-neutron scattering length from pi-deuteron scattering?
A. Nogga; C. Hanhart
2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
We give a prove of evidence that the original power counting by Weinberg can be applied to estimate the contributions of the operators contributing to the pi-deuteron scattering length. As a consequence, pi-deuteron observables can be used to extract neutron amplitudes--in case of pi-deuteron scattering this means that the pi-neutron scattering length can be extracted with high accuracy. This result is at variance with recent claims. We discuss the origin of this difference.
W. J. Henney
1994-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
A general theoretical framework is developed for interpreting spectropolarimetric observations of optically thin emission line scattering from small dust particles. Spatially integrated and spatially resolved line profiles of both scattered intensity and polarization are calculated analytically from a variety of simple kinematic models. These calculations will provide a foundation for further studies of emission line scattering from dust and electrons in such diverse astrophysical environments as Herbig-Haro objects, symbiotic stars, starburst galaxies and active galactic nuclei.
Symmetry Algebra of IIB Superstring Scattering
Gordon Chalmers
2005-10-26T23:59:59.000Z
The graviton scattering in IIB superstring theory is examined in the context of S-duality and symmetry. There is an algebra that generates all of the terms in the four-point function to any order in derivatives. A map from the algebra to the scattering is given; it suggests the correctness of the full four-point function with the S-duality. The higher point functions are expected to follow a similar pattern.
Integration Rules for Loop Scattering Equations
Baadsgaard, Christian; Bourjaily, Jacob L; Damgaard, Poul H; Feng, Bo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We formulate new integration rules for one-loop scattering equations analogous to those at tree-level, and test them in a number of non-trivial cases for amplitudes in scalar $\\phi^3$-theory. This formalism greatly facilitates the evaluation of amplitudes in the CHY representation at one-loop order, without the need to explicitly sum over the solutions to the loop-level scattering equations.
Light-scattering studies of silica aerogels
Hunt, A.J.
1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Due to its combination of transparency and low thermal conductivity, aerogel holds considerable promise for use as insulating window materials for residential and commercial applications. This paper reports on the preliminary investigation of the optical and scattering properties of silica aerogels. It briefly describes the properties of aerogels important for window glazing applications. The optical properties are then described, followed by a discussion of the scattering measurements and their interpretation.
Scattering by coupled resonating elements in air
Anton Krynkin; Olga Umnova; Alvin Y. B. Chong; Shahram Taherzadeh; Keith Attenborough
2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
Scattering by (a) a single composite scatterer consisting of a concentric arrangement of an outer N-slit rigid cylinder and an inner cylinder which is either rigid or in the form of a thin elastic shell and (b) by a finite periodic array of these scatterers in air has been investigated analytically and through laboratory experiments. The composite scatterer forms a system of coupled resonators and gives rise to multiple low frequency resonances. The corresponding analytical model employs polar angle dependent boundary conditions on the surface of the N-slit cylinder. The solution inside the slits assumes plane waves. It is shown also that in the low-frequency range the N-slit rigid cylinder can be replaced by an equivalent fluid layer. Further approximations suggest a simple square root dependence of the resonant frequencies on the number of slits and this is confirmed by data. The observed resonant phenomena are associated with Helmholtz-like behaviour of the resonator for which the radius and width of the openings are much smaller than the wavelength. The problem of scattering by a finite periodic array of such coupled resonators in air is solved using multiple scattering techniques. The resulting model predicts band-gap effects resulting from the resonances of the individual composite scatterers below the first Bragg frequency . Predictions and data confirm that use of coupled resonators results in substantial insertion loss peaks related to the resonances within the concentric configuration. In addition, for both scattering problems experimental data, predictions of the analytical approach and predictions of the equivalent fluid layer approximations are compared in the low-frequency interval.
Deep Inelastic Scattering -- Theory and Phenomenology
B. R. Webber
1996-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
Recent developments in theory and phenomenology relevant to deep inelastic lepton scattering are reviewed, concentrating on the following topics: Predicted behaviour of non-singlet and polarized structure functions at small $x$; Theoretical studies of saturation and unitarity effects at small $x$ in quarkonium scattering; Renormalons and higher twist contributions; Next-to-leading-order calculations of jet cross sections; Forward jet production as a probe of small-$x$ dynamics.
Quantum Energy Regression using Scattering Transforms
Matthew Hirn; Nicolas Poilvert; Stephane Mallat
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present a novel approach to the regression of quantum mechanical energies based on a scattering transform of an intermediate electron density representation. A scattering transform is a deep convolution network computed with a cascade of multiscale wavelet transforms. It possesses appropriate invariant and stability properties for quantum energy regression. This new framework removes fundamental limitations of Coulomb matrix based energy regressions, and numerical experiments give state-of-the-art accuracy over planar molecules.
Quantum Energy Regression using Scattering Transforms
Hirn, Matthew; Mallat, Stephane
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a novel approach to the regression of quantum mechanical energies based on a scattering transform of an intermediate electron density representation. A scattering transform is a deep convolution network computed with a cascade of multiscale wavelet transforms. It possesses appropriate invariant and stability properties for quantum energy regression. This new framework removes fundamental limitations of Coulomb matrix based energy regressions, and numerical experiments give state-of-the-art accuracy over planar molecules.
Branch length distribution in TREF fractionated polyethylene Ramnath Ramachandran a
Beaucage, Gregory
Branch length distribution in TREF fractionated polyethylene Ramnath Ramachandran a , Gregory Keywords: Polyethylene Branching Neutron scattering a b s t r a c t Commercial polyethylene is typically and catalyst activity. Further, processing of polyethylene after polymerization may also result in changes
Combinatorial Design of Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks
Bystroff, Chris
Combinatorial Design of Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks Seyit A. CÂ¸amtepe1 of the most challenging security issues in wireless sensor networks where sensor nodes are randomly scattered-chain sizes. 1 Introduction and Problem Definition In this work, we consider a sensor network in which sensor
Combinatorial Design of Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks
Bystroff, Chris
Combinatorial Design of Key Distribution Mechanisms for Wireless Sensor Networks Seyit A. Câ?º amtepe of the most challenging security issues in wireless sensor networks where sensor nodes are randomly scatteredÂchain sizes. 1 Introduction and Problem Definition In this work, we consider a sensor network in which sensor
Discrete multivariate distributions
Oleg Yu. Vorobyev; Lavrentiy S. Golovkov
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
This article brings in two new discrete distributions: multidimensional Binomial distribution and multidimensional Poisson distribution. Those distributions were created in eventology as more correct generalizations of Binomial and Poisson distributions. Accordingly to eventology new laws take into account full distribution of events. Also, in article its characteristics and properties are described
Ps-atom scattering at low energies
Fabrikant, I I
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A pseudopotential for positronium-atom interaction, based on electron-atom and positron-atom phase shifts, is constructed, and the phase shifts for Ps-Kr and Ps-Ar scattering are calculated. This approach allows us to extend the Ps-atom cross sections, obtained previously in the impulse approximation [Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 243201 (2014)], to energies below the Ps ionization threshold. Although experimental data are not available in this low-energy region, our results describe well the tendency of the measured cross sections to drop with decreasing velocity at $v<1$ a.u. Our results show that the effect of the Ps-atom van der Waals interaction is weak compared to the polarization interaction in electron-atom and positron-atom scattering. As a result, the Ps scattering length for both Ar and Kr is positive, and the Ramsauer-Townsend minimum is not observed for Ps scattering from these targets. This makes Ps scattering quite different from electron scattering in the low-energy region, in contrast to the inter...
Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH
Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)
Airborne aerosol in situ measurements during TCAP: A closure study of total scattering
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Kassianov, Evgueni; Sedlacek, Arthur; Berg, Larry K.; Pekour, Mikhail; Barnard, James; Chand, Duli; Flynn, Connor; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Schmid, Beat; Shilling, John; et al
2015-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
We present a framework for calculating the total scattering of both non-absorbing and absorbing aerosol at ambient conditions from aircraft data. Our framework is developed emphasizing the explicit use of chemical composition data for estimating the complex refractive index (RI) of particles, and thus obtaining improved ambient size spectra derived from Optical Particle Counter (OPC) measurements. The feasibility of our framework for improved calculations of total scattering is demonstrated using three types of data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) aircraft during the Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP). Namely, these data types are: (1) size distributions measured by amore »suite of OPC’s; (2) chemical composition data measured by an Aerosol Mass Spectrometer and a Single Particle Soot Photometer; and (3) the dry total scattering coefficient measured by a integrating nephelometer and scattering enhancement factor measured with a humidification system. We demonstrate that good agreement (~10%) between the observed and calculated scattering can be obtained under ambient conditions (RH « less
The new method of interference contributions accounting for inelastic scattering diagrams
I. V. Sharph; O. S. Potiienko; M. A. Deliyergiyev; K. K. Merkotan; N. O. Chudak; D. A. Ptashynskyy; G. O. Sokhrannyi; A. V. Tykhonov; Yu. V. Volkotrub; U. V. Shabatura; V. D. Rusov
2015-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
A new method of interference contributions accounting is proposed. This method makes it possible to solve the problem of accounting the particles identity in the final state of the scattering process. This problem requires the calculation of a huge number of multidimensional integrals that express the scattering cross-section through the square modulus of the scattering amplitude. Our method is based on the physical features of the scattering amplitude. We show that the set of all interference contributions may be divided into subsets with the similar contributions. Therefore one does not need to calculate each of them separately. Within this approach it is possible to describe inelastic scattering processes with large number of secondary particles. The method was also verified within the $\\phi^3$ model using the Laplace method for the calculation of multidimensional integrals in order to compute the inclusive rapidity cross-sections. A qualitative description of experimental data was obtained. An important result of this work is the explanation of peaks behavior in the inclusive rapidity distributions and their possible interference origin.
Neutron and X-ray Scattering Study of Magnetic Manganites
Boothroyd, Andrew
Neutron and X-ray Scattering Study of Magnetic Manganites Graeme Eoin Johnstone A Thesis submitted are performed using a variety of neutron scattering and x-ray scattering techniques. The electronic ground for analysing the results of the polarised neutron scattering experiment. There are a large number of people who
Neutron scattering at high pressure D. B. McWhan
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
715 Neutron scattering at high pressure D. B. McWhan Room 1D-234, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974, U scattering at steady-state and pulsed sources are reviewed. The pressure cells available at most neutron 10 GPa have been made. For elastic scattering, a comparison is made between neutron scattering and X
Static and Dynamic Light Scattering G. C. Berry
Kurnikova, Maria
copolymers or very low molecular weight polymers), for polyelectrolytes dissolved in an electrolyte9/23/97 Static and Dynamic Light Scattering G. C. Berry Department of Chemistry Carnegie Mellon 1 SCATTERING RELATIONS 2 Scattered Intensity Measures 2 Static Scattering Relations 2 Dynamic
Saccomandi, Paola; Schena, Emiliano; Silvestri, Sergio [Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, University Campus Bio-Medico, Via Alvaro del Portillo, 21, 00128 Rome (Italy)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
An optoelectronic target-type volumetric air flow-rate transducer for bidirectional measurements is presented. The sensor is composed of a T-shaped target and two nominally identical LED-photodiode couples which are operated in differential mode. The sensitive surfaces of the photodiodes are differentially shadowed by the deflection of the target, which in turn depends on the gas flow-rate. The principle of operation is described in mathematical terms and the design parameters have been optimized in order to obtain the highest sensitivity along with minimal pressure drop and reduced dimensions. The sensor is placed in a 20 mm diameter hose and was tested with air flow-rate in the typical temperature range of mechanical ventilation between 20 and 40 deg. C. The theoretical model was validated through experiments carried out in the volumetric flow range from -7.0 to +7.0 l min{sup -1}. The nonlinear behavior allows sensitivities equal to 0.6 V l{sup -1} min for flow rates ranging from -2.0 to +2.0 l min{sup -1}, equal to 2.0 V l{sup -1} min for flow rates ranging from -3.0 to -2.0 l min{sup -1} and from +2.0 to +3.0 l min{sup -1}, up to 5.7 V l{sup -1} min at higher flow rates ranging from -7.0 to -3.0 l min{sup -1} and from +3.0 to +7.0 l min{sup -1}. The linear range extends from 3.0 to 7.0 l min{sup -1} with constant sensitivity equal to 5.7 V l{sup -1} min. The sensor is able to detect a flow-rate equal to 1.0 l min{sup -1} with a sensitivity of about 400 mV l{sup -1} min. The differential nature of the output minimizes the influence of the LEDs' power supply variations and allows to obtain a repeatability in the order of 3% of full scale output. The small pressure drop produced by the sensor placed in-line the fluid stream, of about 2.4 Pa at 7 l min{sup -1}, corresponds to a negligible fluid dynamic resistance lower than 0.34 Pa l{sup -1} min.
Deeply virtual Compton scattering with CLAS and CLAS12
Sokhan, Daria [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay, France
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Generalised Parton Distributions (GPDs) offer an insight into the three-dimensional structure of the nucleon and its internal dynamics, relating the transverse position of quarks to their longitudinal momentum. Two effective means of accessing GPDs are Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) and Meson Production (DVMP), in which a high energy electron scatters from a single quark in the nucleon and, respectively, a real photon or meson is produced as a result. Jefferson Laboratory (JLab), USA, is ideally suited for measuring these processes and a very active experimental programme has been underway in the recent years, making use of the lab's continuous electron beam up to 6 GeV in energy and its large angle spectrometer CLAS. In the future, a vast, new, as-yet unprobed kinematic region will become experimentally accessible when the current upgrade of the JLab accelerator to operate at a maximum energy of 12 GeV is completed in a few years. It is being complemented by the construction of a new suite of detectors, CLAS12, a number of them optimised specifically for exclusive reconstruction of DVCS and DVMP in the new kinematic region. We present a selection of recent results of DVCS and DVMP measurements using CLAS and introduce the exciting experimental programme planned for the future with CLAS12.
Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.
Effective Spectral Function for Quasielastic Scattering on Nuclei from Deuterium to Lead
A. Bodek; M. E. Christy; B. Coopersmith
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Spectral functions do not fully describe quasielastic electron and neutrino scattering from nuclei because they only model the initial state. Final state interactions distort the shape of the differential cross section at the peak and increase the cross section at the tails of the distribution. We show that the kinematic distributions predicted by the $\\psi'$ superscaling formalism can be well described with a modified {\\it {effective spectral function}} (ESF). By construction, models using ESF in combination with the transverse enhancement contribution correctly predict electron QE scattering data. Our values for the binding energy parameter $\\Delta$ are smaller than $\\overline{\\epsilon}$ extracted within the Fermi gas model from pre 1971 data by Moniz, probably because these early cross sections were not corrected for coulomb effects.
Magnetic response of energy levels of superconducting nanoparticles with spin-orbit scattering
Nesterov, Konstantin N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Discrete energy levels of ultrasmall metallic grains are extracted in single-electron-tunneling-spectroscopy experiments. We study the response of these energy levels to an external magnetic field in the presence of both spin-orbit scattering and pairing correlations. In particular, we investigate $g$-factors and level curvatures that parametrize, respectively, the linear and quadratic terms in the magnetic-field dependence of the many-particle energy levels of the grain. Both of these quantities exhibit level-to-level fluctuations in the presence of spin-orbit scattering. We show that the distribution of $g$-factors is not affected by the pairing interaction and that the distribution of level curvatures is sensitive to pairing correlations even in the smallest grains in which the pairing gap is smaller than the mean single-particle level spacing. We propose the level curvature in a magnetic field as a tool to probe pairing correlations in tunneling spectroscopy experiments.
Producing a compound Nucleus via Inelastic Scattering: The 90Zr(alpha,alpha')90Zr* Case
Escher, J E; Dietrich, F S
2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
In a Surrogate reaction a compound nucleus is produced via a direct reaction (pickup, stripping, or inelastic scattering). For a proper application of the Surrogate approach it is necessary to predict the resulting angular momentum and parity distribution in the compound nucleus. A model for determining these distributions is developed for the case of inelastic alpha scattering off a spherical nucleus. The focus is on obtaining a first, simple description of the direct-reaction process that produces the compound nucleus and on providing the basis for a more complete treatment of the problem. The approximations employed in the present description are discussed and the extensions required for a more rigorous treatment of the problem are outlined. To illustrate the formalism, an application to {sup 90}Zr({alpha},{alpha}{prime}){sup 90}Zr* is presented.
A passive FPAA based RF scatter meteor detector
Popowicz, Adam; Bernacki, Krzysztof; Fietkiewicz, Karol
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the article we present a hardware meteor detector. The detection principle is based on the electromagnetic wave reflection from the ionized meteor trail in the atmosphere. The detector uses the ANADIGM field programmable analogue array (FPAA), which is an attractive alternative for a typically used detecting equipment - a PC computer with dedicated software. We implement an analog signal path using most of available FPAA resources to obtain precise audio signal detection. Our new detector was verified in collaboration with the Polish Fireball Network - the organization which monitors meteor activity in Poland. When compared with currently used signal processing PC software employing real radio meteor scatter signals, our low-cost detector proved to be more precise and reliable. Due to its cost and efficiency superiority over the current solution, the presented module is going to be implemented in the planned distributed detectors system.
Investigation of quasielastic muon-neutrino scattering on nuclei at E{sub v} < 1 GeV
Agababyan, N. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Ammosov, V. V. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation); Atayan, M.; Grigoryan, N.; Gulkanyan, H. [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); Ivanilov, A. A. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)], E-mail: ivanilov@ihep.ru; Karamyan, Zh. [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); Korotkov, B. A. [Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quasielastic muon-neutrino scattering on nuclei of propane-Freon mixture at energies in the range E{sub v} < 1 GeV is studied. The multiplicity, momentum, and emission-angle distributions of final protons are measured along with the dependence of the mean values for these distributions on the neutrino energy in the range 0.2 < E{sub v} < 1 GeV.
Simulation and Application of Light Scattering Properties for Scatterers with Large Aspect Ratios
Sun, Bingqiang
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
For scatterers with axial or N-fold rotational symmetry, the T-matrix is one of the most efficient techniques to obtain the scattering properties. Extended boundary condition method (EBCM) and invariant imbedding T-matrix method (II-TM...
Manson, Joseph R.
Gas-surface scattering with multiple collisions in the physisorption potential well Guoqing Fan The problem of gas-surface collisions is developed in terms of a theoretical formalism that allows calcula gas distributions are considered, a monoenergetic incident beam and an equilibrium gas appropriate
Inclusion of Scatter in HADES: Final Report
Aufderheide, M B
2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
Covert nuclear attack is one of the foremost threats facing the United States and is a primary focus of the War on Terror. The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is chartered to develop, and improve domestic systems to detect and interdict smuggling for the illicit use of a nuclear explosive device, fissile material or radiologica1 material. The CAARS (Cargo Advanced Automated Radiography System) program is a major part of the DHS effort to enhance US security by harnessing cutting-edge technologies to detect radiological and nuclear threats at points of entry to the United States. DNDO has selected vendors to develop complete radiographic systems. It is crucial that the initial design and testing concepts for the systems be validated and compared prior to the substantial efforts to build and deploy prototypes and subsequent large-scale production. An important aspect of these systems is the scatter which interferes with imaging. Monte Carlo codes, such as MCNP (X-5 Monte Carlo Team, 2005 Revision) allow scatter to be calculatied, but these calculations are very time consuming. It would be useful to have a fast scatter estimation algorithm in a fast ray tracing code. We have been extending the HADES ray-tracing radiographic simulation code to model vendor systems in a flexible and quick fashion and to use this tool to study a variety of questions involving system performance and the comparative value of surrogates. To enable this work, HADES has been linked to the BRL-CAD library (BRL-CAD Open Source Project, 2010), in order to enable the inclusion of complex CAD geometries in simulations, scanner geometries have been implemented in HADES, and the novel detector responses have been included in HADES. A major extension of HADES which has been required by this effort is the inclusion of scatter in these radiographic simulations. Ray tracing codes generally do not easily allow the inclusion of scatter, because these codes define a source and a grid of detector pixels and only compute the attenuation along rays between these points. Scatter is an extremely complex set of processes which can involve rays which change directions many times between the source and detector. Scatter from outside the field of view of the imaging system, as well as within the field of view, can have an important role in image formation. In this report, we will describe how we implemented a treatment of scatter in HADES. We begin with a discussion of how we define scatter in Section 2, followed by a description of how single Compton scatter is now included in HADES in Section 3. In Section 4 we report a set of verification tests against MCNP and tests of how the technique scales with image size, number of scatters allowed and number of processors used in the calculations. In Section 5, we describe how we plan to extend this approach to other forms of scatter and conclude in Section 6. It should be emphasized that the purpose of this report is to show that a form of scatter has been implemented in HADES and has been verified against MCNP. Validation, the process of comparing simulation and experiment, is a future task.
Bipolar pulse coding for enhanced performance in Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors
Thévenaz, Jacques
Bipolar pulse coding for enhanced performance in Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors-sideband suppressed-carrier (SSB-SC) modulation in Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (BOTDA) sensors. The SSB conventional unipolar sequences. Keywords: Stimulated Brillouin scattering, distributed optical fiber sensor
Modeling and evaluating the performance of Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors
Dalang, Robert C.
Modeling and evaluating the performance of Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors Marcelo A analysis of the key factors impacting on the performance of Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors of America OCIS codes: (060.2310) Fiber optics; (060.2370) Fiber optics sensors; (290.5900) Scattering
Thévenaz, Jacques
Double-pulse Brillouin distributed optical fiber sensors: analytical model and experimental-pulse Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (DP-BOTDA) sensors. The proposed model is a tool that provides a full. Keywords: Stimulated Brillouin scattering, distributed optical fiber sensor, temperature sensing, strain
V. Barone,S. Melis,A. Prokudin
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a previous extraction of the quark Boer-Mulders distributions from semiinclusive deep inelastic scattering data, we fit the unpolarized Drell-Yan data on the $\\cos 2 \\phi$ asymmetry, determining the antiquark Boer-Mulders distributions. A good agreement with the data is found in the region of low $q_T$, where the transverse-momentum factorization approach applies.
Repulsive nature of optical potentials for high-energy heavy-ion scattering
T. Furumoto; Y. Sakuragi; Y. Yamamoto
2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The recent works by the present authors predicted that the real part of heavy-ion optical potentials changes its character from attraction to repulsion around the incident energy per nucleon E/A = 200 - 300 MeV on the basis of the complex G-matrix interaction and the double-folding model (DFM) and revealed that the three-body force plays an important role there. In the present paper, we have precisely analyzed the energy dependence of the calculated DFM potentials and its relation to the elastic-scattering angular distributions in detail in the case of the $^{12}$C + $^{12}$C system in the energy range of E/A = 100 - 400 MeV. The tensor force contributes substantially to the energy dependence of the real part of the DFM potentials and plays an important role to lower the attractive-to-repulsive transition energy. The nearside and farside (N/F) decomposition of the elastic-scattering amplitudes clarifies the close relation between the attractive-to-repulsive transition of the potentials and the characteristic evolution of the calculated angular distributions with the increase of the incident energy. Based on the present analysis, we propose experimental measurements of the predicted strong diffraction phenomena of the elastic-scattering angular distribution caused by the N/F interference around the attractive-to-repulsive transition energy together with the reduced diffractions below and above the transition energy.
Measurement of the Neutron Radius of 208Pb Through Parity-Violation in Electron Scattering
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Abrahamyan, Sergey; Albataineh, Hisham; Aniol, Konrad; Armstrong, David; Armstrong, Whitney; Averett, Todd; Babineau, Benjamin; Barbieri, A; Bellini, Vincenzo; Beminiwattha, Rakitha; et al
2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry APV in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from 208Pb. APV is sensitive to the radius of the neutron distribution (Rn). The result APV = 0.656 ± 0.060 (stat) ± 0.013 (syst) corresponds to a difference between the radii of the neutron and proton distributions Rn-Rp = 0.33-0.18+0.16 fm and provides the first electroweak observation of the neutron skin which is expected in a heavy, neutron-rich nucleus.
Measurement of the Neutron Radius of 208Pb Through Parity-Violation in Electron Scattering
Abrahamyan, S; Albataineh, H; Aniol, K; Armstrong, D S; Armstrong, W; Averett, T; Babineau, B; Barbieri, A; Bellini, V; Beminiwattha, R; Benesch, J; Benmokhtar, F; Bielarski, T; Boeglin, W; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Carter, P; Cates, G D; Chen, C; Chen, J -P; Hen, O; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; De Leo, R; de Jager, K; Deconinck, W; Decowski, P; Deng, X; Deur, A; Dutta, D; Etile, A; Flay, D; Franklin, G B; Friend, M; Frullani, S; Fuchey, E; Garibaldi, F; Gasser, E; Gilman, R; Giusa, A; Glamazdin, A; Gomez, J; Grames, J; Gu, C; Hansen, O; Hansknecht, J; Higinbotham, D W; Holmes, R S; Holmstrom, T; Horowitz, C J; Hoskins, J; Huang, J; Hyde, C E; Itard, F; Jen, C -M; Jensen, E; Jin, G; Johnston, S; Kelleher, A; Kliakhandler, K; King, P M; Kowalski, S; Kumar, K S; Leacock, J; Leckey, J; Lee, J H; LeRose, J J; Lindgren, R; Liyanage, N; Lubinsky, N; Mammei, J; Mammoliti, F; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; McCreary, A; McNulty, D; Mercado, L; Meziani, Z -E; Michaels, R W; Mihovilovic, M; Muangma, N; Muñoz-Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Nelyubin, V; Nuruzzaman, N; Oh, Y; Palmer, A; Parno, D; Paschke, K D; Phillips, S K; Poelker, B; Pomatsalyuk, R; Posik, M; Puckett, A J R; Quinn, B; Rakhman, A; Reimer, P E; Riordan, S; Rogan, P; Ron, G; Russo, G; Saenboonruang, K; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Shahinyan, A; Silwal, R; Sirca, S; Slifer, K; Solvignon, P; Souder, P A; Sperduto, M L; Subedi, R; Suleiman, R; Sulkosky, V; Sutera, C M; Tobias, W A; Troth, W; Urciuoli, G M; Waidyawansa, B; Wang, D; Wexler, J; Wilson, R; Wojtsekhowski, B; Yan, X; Yao, H; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yim, V; Zana, L; Zhan, X; Zhang, J; Zhang, Y; Zheng, X; Zhu, P
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry A_PV in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from 208Pb. A_PV is sensitive to the radius of the neutron distribution (Rn). The result A_PV = 0.656 \\pm 0.060 (stat) \\pm 0.013 (syst) corresponds to a difference between the radii of the neutron and proton distributions Rn - Rp = 0.33 +0.16 -0.18 fm and provides the first electroweak observation of the neutron skin which is expected in a heavy, neutron-rich nucleus.
Measurement of the Neutron Radius of 208Pb Through Parity-Violation in Electron Scattering
S. Abrahamyan; Z. Ahmed; H. Albataineh; K. Aniol; D. S. Armstrong; W. Armstrong; T. Averett; B. Babineau; A. Barbieri; V. Bellini; R. Beminiwattha; J. Benesch; F. Benmokhtar; T. Bielarski; W. Boeglin; A. Camsonne; M. Canan; P. Carter; G. D. Cates; C. Chen; J. -P. Chen; O. Hen; F. Cusanno; M. M. Dalton; R. De Leo; K. de Jager; W. Deconinck; P. Decowski; X. Deng; A. Deur; D. Dutta; A. Etile; D. Flay; G. B. Franklin; M. Friend; S. Frullani; E. Fuchey; F. Garibaldi; E. Gasser; R. Gilman; A. Giusa; A. Glamazdin; J. Gomez; J. Grames; C. Gu; O. Hansen; J. Hansknecht; D. W. Higinbotham; R. S. Holmes; T. Holmstrom; C. J. Horowitz; J. Hoskins; J. Huang; C. E. Hyde; F. Itard; C. -M. Jen; E. Jensen; G. Jin; S. Johnston; A. Kelleher; K. Kliakhandler; P. M. King; S. Kowalski; K. S. Kumar; J. Leacock; J. Leckey IV; J. H. Lee; J. J. LeRose; R. Lindgren; N. Liyanage; N. Lubinsky; J. Mammei; F. Mammoliti; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; A. McCreary; D. McNulty; L. Mercado; Z. -E. Meziani; R. W. Michaels; M. Mihovilovic; N. Muangma; C. Muñoz-Camacho; S. Nanda; V. Nelyubin; N. Nuruzzaman; Y. Oh; A. Palmer; D. Parno; K. D. Paschke; S. K. Phillips; B. Poelker; R. Pomatsalyuk; M. Posik; A. J. R. Puckett; B. Quinn; A. Rakhman; P. E. Reimer; S. Riordan; P. Rogan; G. Ron; G. Russo; K. Saenboonruang; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; A. Shahinyan; R. Silwal; S. Sirca; K. Slifer; P. Solvignon; P. A. Souder; M. L. Sperduto; R. Subedi; R. Suleiman; V. Sulkosky; C. M. Sutera; W. A. Tobias; W. Troth; G. M. Urciuoli; B. Waidyawansa; D. Wang; J. Wexler; R. Wilson; B. Wojtsekhowski; X. Yan; H. Yao; Y. Ye; Z. Ye; V. Yim; L. Zana; X. Zhan; J. Zhang; Y. Zhang; X. Zheng; P. Zhu
2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry A_PV in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from 208Pb. A_PV is sensitive to the radius of the neutron distribution (Rn). The result A_PV = 0.656 \\pm 0.060 (stat) \\pm 0.014 (syst) ppm corresponds to a difference between the radii of the neutron and proton distributions Rn - Rp = 0.33 +0.16 -0.18 fm and provides the first electroweak observation of the neutron skin which is expected in a heavy, neutron-rich nucleus.
Parton distribution function for quarks in an s-channel approach
F. Hautmann; D. E. Soper
2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We use an s-channel picture of hard hadronic collisions to investigate the parton distribution function for quarks at small momentum fraction x, which corresponds to very high energy scattering. We study the renormalized quark distribution at one loop in this approach. In the high-energy picture, the quark distribution function is expressed in terms of a Wilson-line correlator that represents the cross section for a color dipole to scatter from the proton. We model this Wilson-line correlator in a saturation model. We relate this representation of the quark distribution function to the corresponding representation of the structure function F_T(x,Q^2) for deeply inelastic scattering.
Massive superstring scatterings in the Regge regime
He Song; Lee, Jen-Chi; Takahashi, Keijiro; Yang Yi [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academic of Sciences, Beijing (China); Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University and Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao-Tung University and Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)
2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate four classes of high-energy massive string scattering amplitudes of fermionic string theory at arbitrary mass levels in the Regge regime (RR). We show that all four leading order amplitudes in the RR can be expressed in terms of the Kummer function of the second kind. Based on the summation algorithm of a set of extended signed Stirling number identities, we show that all four ratios calculated previously by the method of decoupling of zero-norm states among scattering amplitudes in the Gross regime can be extracted from this Kummer function in the RR. Finally, we conjecture and give evidence that the existence of these four Gross regime ratios in the RR persists to subleading orders in the Regge expansion of all high-energy fermionic string scattering amplitudes.
BUILDING A NETWORK FOR NEUTRON SCATTERING EDUCATION
Pynn, Roger [ORNL; Baker, Shenda Mary [ORNL; Louca, Despo A [ORNL; McGreevy, Robert L [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL; Kszos, Lynn A [ORNL; Anderson, Ian S [ORNL
2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a concerted effort supported by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Energy, the United States is rebuilding its leadership in neutron scattering capability through a significant investment in U.S. neutron scattering user facilities and related instrumentation. These unique facilities provide opportunities in neutron scattering to a broad community of researchers from academic institutions, federal laboratories, and industry. However, neutron scattering is often considered to be a tool for 'experts only' and in order for the U.S. research community to take full advantage of these new and powerful tools, a comprehensive education and outreach program must be developed. The workshop described below is the first step in developing a national program that takes full advantage of modern education methods and leverages the existing educational capacity at universities and national facilities. During March 27-28, 2008, a workshop entitled 'Building a Network for Neutron Scattering Education' was held in Washington, D.C. The goal of the workshop was to define and design a roadmap for a comprehensive neutron scattering education program in the United States. Successful implementation of the roadmap will maximize the national intellectual capital in neutron sciences and will increase the sophistication of research questions addressed by neutron scattering at the nation's forefront facilities. (See Appendix A for the list of attendees, Appendix B for the workshop agenda, Appendix C for a list of references. Appendix D contains the results of a survey given at the workshop; Appendix E contains summaries of the contributed talks.) The workshop brought together U.S. academicians, representatives from neutron sources, scientists who have developed nontraditional educational programs, educational specialists, and managers from government agencies to create a national structure for providing ongoing neutron scattering education. A concerted effort was made to involve representatives from historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and minority educational institutions (MEIs). The roadmap contained herein provides the path to a national infrastructure for education of students, faculty, and professional researchers who wish to make use of national neutron scattering facilities but do not have (or do not believe they have) the educational background to do so. Education of other stakeholders, including the public, students in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12), and policy makers is also included. The opening sessions of the workshop provided the current status of neutron scattering education in North America, Europe, and Australia. National neutron sources have individually developed outreach and advertising programs aimed at increasing awareness among researchers of the potential applications of neutron scattering. However, because their principal mission is to carry out scientific research, their outreach efforts are necessarily self-limiting. The opening session was designed to build awareness that the individual programs need to be coupled with, and integrated into, a broader education program that addresses the complete range of experience, from the student to the experienced researcher, and the wide range of scientific disciplines covered by neutron scattering. Such a program must also take full advantage of existing educational programs and expertise at universities and expand them using modern distance learning capabilities, recognizing that the landscape of education is changing.
Inelastic electron-vortex-beam scattering
Ruben Van Boxem; Bart Partoens; Jo Verbeeck
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Recent theoretical and experimental developments in the field of electron vortex beam physics have raised questions on what exactly this novelty in the field of electron microscopy (and other fields, such as particle physics) really provides. An important part in the answer to those questions lies in scattering theory. The present investigation explores various aspects of inelastic quantum scattering theory for cylindrically symmetric beams with orbital angular momentum. The model system of Coulomb scattering on a hydrogen atom provides the setting to address various open questions: How is momentum transferred? Do vortex beams selectively excite atoms, and how can one employ vortex beams to detect magnetic transitions? The analytical approach presented here provides answers to these questions. OAM transfer is possible, but not through selective excitation; rather, by pre- and post-selection one can filter out the relevant contributions to a specific signal.
Alternating current response of carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed impurities
Hirai, Daisuke; Watanabe, Satoshi [Department of Materials Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Yamamoto, Takahiro [Department of Electrical Engineering and Department of Liberal Arts (Physics), Tokyo University of Science, 6-3-1 Niijuku, Katsushika, Tokyo 125-8585 (Japan)
2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
The increasing need for nanodevices has necessitated a better understanding of the electronic transport behavior of nanomaterials. We therefore theoretically examine the AC transport properties of metallic carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed impurities. We find that the long-range impurity scattering increases the emittance, but does not affect the DC conductance. The estimated dwell time of electrons increases with the potential amplitudes. That is, multiple scattering by the impurities increases the kinetic inductance in proportion to the dwell time, which eventually increases the emittance. We believe that our findings can contribute significantly to nanodevice development.
Feasibility of underwater free space quantum key distribution
Peng Shi; Shi-Cheng Zhao; Wen-Dong Li; Yong-Jian Gu
2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the optical absorption and scattering properties of underwater media pertinent to our underwater free space quantum key distribution (QKD) channel model. With the vector radiative transfer theory and Monte Carlo method, we obtain the attenuation of photons, the fidelity of the scattered photons, the quantum bit error rate and the sifted key generation rate of underwater quantum communication. It can be observed from our simulations that the most secure single photon underwater free space QKD is feasible in the clearest ocean water.
The oxygen abundance distribution in M101
L. S. Pilyugin
2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The well-observed spiral galaxy M101 was considered. The radial distributions of oxygen abundances determined in three different ways (with the classic Te - method, with the R23 - method, and with the P -- method) were compared. It was found that the parameters (the central oxygen abundance and the gradient) of the radial O/H(P) abundance distribution are close to those of the O/H(Te) abundance distribution. The parameters of the O/H(R23) abundance distribution differ significantly from those of the O/H(Te) abundance distribution: the central O/H(R23) oxygen abundance is higher by around 0.4dex and the gradient is steeper by a factor of around 1.5 as compared to those values in the O/H(Te) abundance distribution. The dispersion in O/H(P) abundance at fixed radius is rather small, around 0.08 dex, and is equal to that in O/H(Te) abundance. The dispersion in O/H(R23) abundance at fixed radius is appreciably larger, around 0.16 dex, compared to that in O/H(Te) abundance. It has been shown that the extra dispersion in O/H(R23) abundances is an artifact and reflects scatter in excitation parameter P at fixed radius.
Learning poisson binomial distributions
Daskalakis, Constantinos
We consider a basic problem in unsupervised learning: learning an unknown Poisson Binomial Distribution. A Poisson Binomial Distribution (PBD) over {0,1,...,n} is the distribution of a sum of n independent Bernoulli random ...
Pretzelosity distribution function
H. Avakian; A. V. Efremov; P. Schweitzer; F. Yuan
2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
The 'pretzelosity' distribution is discussed. Theoretical properties, model results, and perspectives to access experimental information on this leading twist, transverse momentum dependent parton distribution function are reviewed. Its relation to helicity and transversity distributions is highlighted.
Electromagnetic wave scattering by small bodies
A. G. Ramm
2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
A reduction of the Maxwell's system to a Fredholm second-kind integral equation with weakly singular kernel is given for electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by one and many small bodies. This equation is solved asymptotically as the characteristic size of the bodies tends to zero. The technique developed is used for solving the many-body EM wave scattering problem by rigorously reducing it to solving linear algebraic systems, completely bypassing the usage of integral equations. An equation is derived for the effective field in the medium, in which many small particles are embedded. A method for creating a desired refraction coefficient is outlined.
Quantum-entanglement-initiated super Raman scattering
Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
It has now been possible to prepare a chain of ions in an entangled state and thus the question arises: How will the optical properties of a chain of entangled ions differ from say a chain of independent particles? We investigate nonlinear optical processes in such chains. Since light scattering is quite a versatile technique to probe matter, we explicitly demonstrate the possibility of entanglement-produced super Raman scattering. Our results suggest the possibility of similar enhancement factors in other nonlinear processes like four-wave mixing.
Cross-Section Fluctuations in Chaotic Scattering
B. Dietz; H. L. Harney; A. Richter; F. Schaefer; H. A. Weidenmueller
2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
For the theoretical prediction of cross-section fluctuations in chaotic scattering, the cross-section autocorrelation function is needed. That function is not known analytically. Using experimental data and numerical simulations, we show that an analytical approximation to the cross-section autocorrelation function can be obtained with the help of expressions first derived by Davis and Boose. Given the values of the average S-matrix elements and the mean level density of the scattering system, one can then reliably predict cross-section fluctuations.
Radiation from SU(3) monopole scattering
Patrick Irwin
2000-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
The energy radiated during the scattering of SU(3) monopoles is estimated as a function of their asymptotic velocity v. In a typical scattering process the total energy radiated is of order v^3 as opposed to v^5 for SU(2) monopoles. For charge (1,1) monopoles the dipole radiation produced is estimated for all geodesics on the moduli space. For charge (2,1) monopoles the dipole radiation is estimated for the axially symmetric geodesic. The power radiated appears to diverge in the massless limit. The implications of this for the case of non-Abelian unbroken symmetry are discussed.
Alpha resonant scattering for astrophysical reaction studies
Yamaguchi, H.; Kahl, D.; Nakao, T. [Center for Nuclear Study (CNS), University of Tokyo, RIKEN campus, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Wakabayashi, Y.; Kubano, S. [The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Hashimoto, T. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, 10-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Hayakawa, S. [Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (INFN-LNS), Via S. Sofia 62, 95125 Catania (Italy); Kawabata, T. [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kita-Shirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Iwasa, N. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan); Teranishi, T. [Department of Physics, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Kwon, Y. K. [Institute for Basic Science, 70, Yuseong-daero 1689-gil, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811 (Korea, Republic of); Binh, D. N. [30 MeV Cyclotron Center, Tran Hung Dao Hospital, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Khiem, L. H.; Duy, N. G. [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hong Quoc Viet, Nghia do, Hanoi (Viet Nam)
2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
Several alpha-induced astrophysical reactions have been studied at CRIB (CNS Radioactive Ion Beam separator), which is a low-energy RI beam separator at Center for Nuclear Study (CNS) of the University of Tokyo. One of the methods to study them is the ? resonant scattering using the thick-target method in inverse kinematics. Among the recent studies at CRIB, the measurement of {sup 7}Be+? resonant scattering is discussed. Based on the result of the experiment, we evaluated the contributions of high-lying resonances for the {sup 7}Be(?,?) reaction, and proposed a new cluster band in {sup 11}C.
DEEPLY INELASTIC SCATTERING OFF NUCLEI AT RHIC.
VENUGOPALAN, R.
2001-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
In this talk, we discussed the physics case for an eA collider. We emphasized the novel physics that might be studied at small x. The interesting physics at intermediate x's has been discussed elsewhere [3]. Plans for an electron-ion collider include, as a major part of the program, the possibility of doing polarized electron-polarized proton/light ion scattering. A discussion of the combined case for high energy electron nucleus and polarized electron-polarized proton scattering will be published separately [66].
Scattering theory with localized non-Hermiticities
Znojil, Miloslav [Nuclear Physics Institute ASCR, 250 68 Rez (Czech Republic)
2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of the recent interest in solvable models of scattering mediated by non-Hermitian Hamiltonians (cf. H. F. Jones, Phys. Rev. D 76, 125003 (2007)) we show that the well-known variability of the ad hoc choice of the metric {theta} which defines the physical Hilbert space of states can help us to clarify several apparent paradoxes. We argue that with a suitable {theta}, a fully plausible physical picture of the scattering can be recovered. Quantitatively, our new recipe is illustrated on an exactly solvable toy model.
[Inelastic electron scattering from surfaces]. [Progress report
Not Available
1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This program uses ab-initio and multiple scattering to study surface dynamical processes; high-resolution electron-energy loss spectroscopy is used in particular. Off-specular excitation cross sections are much larger if electron energies are in the LEED range (50--300 eV). The analyses have been extended to surfaces of ordered alloys. Phonon eigenvectors and eigenfrequencies were used as inputs to electron-energy-loss multiple scattering cross section calculations. Work on low-energy electron and positron holography is mentioned.
Geometric phases in a scattering process
Liu, H. D.; Yi, X. X. [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The study of geometric phase in quantum mechanics has so far been confined to discrete (or continuous) spectra and trace-preserving evolutions. By considering only the transmission channel, a scattering process with internal degrees of freedom is neither a discrete spectrum problem nor a trace-preserving process. We explore the geometric phase in the scattering process by taking only the transmission process into account. We find that the geometric phase can be calculated by the same method as in unitary evolution. The interference visibility depends on the transmission amplitude. The dependence of the geometric phase on the barrier strength and the spin-spin coupling constant is also presented and discussed.
Diffractive Scattering and Gauge/String Duality
Tan, Chung-I [Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States
2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
High-energy diffractive scattering will be discussed based on Gauge/String duality. As shown by Brower, Polchinski, Strassler and Tan, the ubiquitous Pomeron emerges naturally in gauge theories with string-theoretical descriptions. Its existence is intimately tied to gluons, and also to the energy-momentum tensor. With a confining dual background metric, the Pomeron can be interpreted as a 'massive graviton'. In a single unified step, both its infrared and ultraviolet properties are dealt with, reflecting confinement and conformal symmetry respectively. An effective field theory for high-energy scattering can be constructed. Applications based on this approach will also be described.
About Industrial Distributed Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Advanced Manufacturing Office's (AMO's) Industrial Distributed Energy activities build on the success of predecessor DOE programs on distributed energy and combined heat and power (CHP) while...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The DOE Systems Integration team funds distribution grid integration research and development (R&D) activities to address the technical issues that surround distribution grid planning,...
Hara, Yousuke, E-mail: y-hara@nirs.go.jp; Furukawa, Takuji; Inaniwa, Taku; Mizushima, Kota; Shirai, Toshiyuki; Noda, Koji [Medical Physics Research Group, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)] [Medical Physics Research Group, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: It is essential to consider large-angle scattered particles in dose calculation models for therapeutic carbon-ion beams. However, it is difficult to measure the small dose contribution from large-angle scattered particles. In this paper, the authors present a novel method to derive the parameters describing large-angle scattered particles from the measured results. Methods: The authors developed a new parallel-plate ionization chamber consisting of concentric electrodes. Since the sensitive volume of each channel is increased linearly with this type, it is possible to efficiently and easily detect small contributions from the large-angle scattered particles. The parameters describing the large-angle scattered particles were derived from pencil beam dose distribution in water measured with the new ionization chamber. To evaluate the validity of this method, the correction for the field-size dependence of the doses, “predicted-dose scaling factor,” was calculated with the new parameters. Results: The predicted-dose scaling factor calculated with the new parameters was compared with the existing one. The difference between the new correction factor and the existing one was 1.3%. For target volumes of different sizes, the calculated dose distribution with the new parameters was in good agreement with the measured one. Conclusions: Parameters describing the large-angle scattered particles can be efficiently and rapidly determined using the new ionization chamber. The authors confirmed that the field-size dependence of the doses could be compensated for by the new parameters. This method makes it possible to easily derive the parameters describing the large-angle scattered particles, while maintaining the dose calculation accuracy.
The Kinematic Algebras from the Scattering Equations
Monteiro, Ricardo
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study kinematic algebras associated to the recently proposed scattering equations, which arise in the description of the scattering of massless particles. In particular, we describe the role that these algebras play in the BCJ duality between colour and kinematics in gauge theory, and its relation to gravity. We find that the scattering equations are a consistency condition for a self-dual-type vertex which is associated to each solution of those equations. We also identify an extension of the anti-self-dual vertex, such that the two vertices are not conjugate in general. Both vertices correspond to the structure constants of Lie algebras. We give a prescription for the use of the generators of these Lie algebras in trivalent graphs that leads to a natural set of BCJ numerators. In particular, we write BCJ numerators for each contribution to the amplitude associated to a solution of the scattering equations. This leads to a decomposition of the determinant of a certain kinematic matrix, which appears natur...
Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements
Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.
Scattering theory of electrical Markus Bttiker
Paris-Sud 11, Université de
symmetry H-invariant if momenta and magnetic field are reversed 13 but is an even function incident current density density of states independent of material !! 6 Landauer formula #12;Drift state scattering matrix current conservation S is a unitray matrix In the absence of a magnetic field
Geometry of Scattering at Planckian Energies
Renata Kallosh
1991-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We present an alternative derivation and geometrical formulation of Verlinde topological field theory, which may describe scattering at center of mass energies comparable or larger than the Planck energy. A consistent trunckation of 3+1 dimensional Einstein action is performed using the standard geometrical objects, like tetrads and spin connections. The resulting topological invariant is given in terms of differential forms.
Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements
Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.
Photophoresis and the scattering of electromagnetic radiation
Ipser, J.R.
1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electron-microscope photographs of soot lend support to the picture in which a soot particle is modeled as a collection of chains of small carbon spheres. The soot particle itself is typically considerably larger than the small carbon spheres making up the chains. Thus the soot particles might have a size approx.0.1 - 1 ..mu..m while the small carbon spheres might have a size approx.0.03 ..mu..m in typical situations. Further, measurements of the density of soot yield values much less than that of normal carbon, indicating that an individual soot particle has a rather small filling factor, i.e., the fraction of the volume of the particle tht is occupied by chains. If a soot particle is taken to be a sphere partially filled with carbon chains, what are its scattering and absorption properties. Several workers have adopted the view that the net scattering and absorption properties can be determined simply by summing the cross-sections for the individual small carbon spheres. We feel that such a procedure cannot be valid in general because it neglects coherence effects among the various randomly located scatterers within the soot particle. It appears that in a first rough approximation the scattering and absorption properties of soot can be determined by estimating the effective dielectric constant of a soot sphere.
Deeply virtual Compton Scattering cross section measured with CLAS
Guegan, Baptistse [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Orsay
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) provide a new description of nucleon structure in terms of its elementary constituents, the quarks and the gluons. Including and extending the information provided by the form factors and the parton distribution functions, they describe the correlation between the transverse position and the longitudinal momentum fraction of the partons in the nucleon. Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS), the electroproduction of a real photon on a single quark in the nucleon eN --> e'N'g, is the exclusive process most directly interpretable in terms of GPDs. A dedicated experiment to study DVCS with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab has been carried out using a 5.9-GeV polarized electron beam and an unpolarized hydrogen target, allowing us to collect DVCS events in the widest kinematic range ever explored in the valence region : 1.0 < Q2 < 4.6 GeV2, 0.1 < xB < 0.58 and 0.09 < -t < 2.0 GeV2. In this paper, we show preliminary results of unpolarized cross sections and of polarized cross section differences for the DVCS channel.
Quasielastic Scattering at MiniBooNE Energies
Alvarez-Ruso, L. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia (Spain); Departamento de Fisica, Centro de Fisica Computacional, Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal); Buss, O.; Leitner, T.; Mosel, U. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Giessen (Germany)
2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
We present our description of neutrino induced charged current quasielastic scattering (CCQE) in nuclei at energies relevant for the MiniBooNE experiment. In our framework, the nucleons, with initial momentum distributions according to the Local Fermi Gas model, move in a density- and momentum-dependent mean field potential. The broadening of the outgoing nucleons due to nucleon-nucleon interactions is taken into account by spectral functions. Long range (RPA) correlations renormalizing the electroweak strength in the medium are also incorporated. The background from resonance excitation events that do not lead to pions in the final state is also predicted by propagating the outgoing hadrons with the Giessen semiclassical BUU model in coupled channels (GiBUU). We achieve a good description of the shape of the CCQE Q{sup 2} distribution extracted from data by MiniBooNE, thanks to the inclusion of RPA correlations, but underestimate the integrated cross section when the standard value of M{sub A} = 1 GeV is used. Possible reasons for this mismatch are discussed.
Airy structure in $^{16}$O+$^{14}$C nuclear rainbow scattering
Ohkubo, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Airy structure in $^{16}$O+$^{14}$C rainbow scattering is studied with an extended double folding (EDF) model that describes all the diagonal and off-diagonal coupling potentials derived from the microscopic realistic wave functions for $^{16}$O using a density-dependent nucleon-nucleon force. The experimental angular distributions at $E_L$=132, 281 and 382.2 MeV are well reproduced by the calculations. By studying the energy evolution of the Airy structure, the Airy minimum at around $\\theta$=76$^\\circ$ in the angular distribution at $E_L$=132 MeV is assigned as the second order Airy minimum $A2$ in contrast to the recent literature which assigns it as the third order $A3$. The Airy minima in the 90$^\\circ$ excitation function is investigated in comparison with well-known $^{16}$O+$^{16}$O and $^{12}$C+$^{12}$C systems. Evolution of the Airy structure into the molecular resonances with the $^{16}$O+$^{14}$C cluster structure in the low energy region around $E_{c.m.}$=30 MeV is discussed. It is predicted ...
Nano-crystal growth in cordierite glass ceramics studied with X-ray scattering
Bras, Wim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
By Small-Angle Neutron-Scattering, Electron-Paramagneticphases.. Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experimentsand Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) on some of the
Simulation of a D-T Neutron Source for Neutron Scattering Experiments
Lou, T.P.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Vujic, J.L.; Leung, K.-N.
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T Neutron Source for Neutron Scattering Experiments T.P. Louor cold neutrons for neutron scattering experiments. Thisto simulate a neutron scattering setup and to estimate
Bower, Geoffrey C. [Astronomy Department and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall 3411, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Deller, Adam; Falcke, Heino [ASTRON, P.O. Box 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Demorest, Paul [NRAO, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475 (United States); Brunthaler, Andreas; Eatough, Ralph; Kramer, Michael; Lee, K. J.; Spitler, Laura, E-mail: gbower@astro.berkeley.edu [Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The pulsed radio emission from the Galactic Center (GC) pulsar SGR J1745-29 probes the turbulent, magnetized plasma of the GC hyperstrong scattering screen through both angular and temporal broadening. We present measurements of the angular size of SGR J1745-29, obtained with the Very Long Baseline Array and the phased Very Large Array at 8.7 and 15.4 GHz. The source sizes are consistent with the scatter-broadened size of Sagittarius A* at each frequency, demonstrating that SGR J1745-29 is also located behind the same scattering medium. Combining the angular broadening with temporal scattering obtained from pulsar observations provides a complete picture of the scattering properties. A best-fit solution for the distance of a single thin screen is ? = 5.8 ± 0.3 kpc, consistent with being located in the Scutum spiral arm. The scattering is also consistent with a uniform scattering medium or a series of thin screens distributed between the GC and the Earth. This result is a substantial revision of the previously held model in which the scattering screen is located very close to the GC. As also discussed in Spitler et al., these results suggest that GC searches can detect millisecond pulsars gravitationally bound to Sgr A* with observations at ? 10 GHz and ordinary pulsars at even lower frequencies.
Inelastic neutron scattering in valence fluctuation compounds
Jon M Lawrence
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The valence fluctuation compounds are rare earth intermetallics where hybridization of the nearly-localized 4f electrons with the conduction electrons leads to incorporation of the 4f's into the itinerant states. This hybridization slows down the conduction electrons and hence gives them a heavy effective mass, justifying application of the term 'heavy Fermion' (HF) to these materials. During the project period, we grew large single crystals of several such compounds and measured their properties using both standard thermodynamic probes and state-of-the-art inelastic neutron scattering. We obtained three main results. For the intermediate valence compounds CePd{sub 3} and YbAl{sub 3}, we showed that the scattering of neutrons by the fluctuations of the 4f magnetic moment does not have the momentum dependence expected for the itinerant heavy mass state; rather, the scattering is more typical of a localized spin fluctuation. We believe that incoherent scattering localizes the excitation. For the heavy Fermion compound Ce(Ni{sub 0.935}Pd{sub 0.065}){sub 2}Ge{sub 2}, which sits at a T = 0 critical point for transformation into an antiferromagnetic (AF) phase, we showed that the scattering from the AF fluctuations does not exhibit any of the divergences that are expected at a phase transition. We speculate that alloy disorder profoundly suppresses the growth of the fluctuating AF regions, leading to short range clusters rather than regions of infinite size. Finally, we explored the applicability of key concepts used to describe the behavior of rare earth heavy Fermions to uranium based HF compounds where the 5f electrons are itinerant as opposed to localized. We found that scaling laws relating the spin fluctuation energy measured in neutron scattering to the low temperature specific heat and susceptibility are valid for the uranium compounds, once corrections are made for AF fluctuations; however, the degeneracy of the high temperature moment is smaller than expected for rare-earth-like Hund's rule behavior, essentially because the orbital moment is suppressed for itinerant 5f electrons. We also found that the standard local-moment-based theory of the temperature dependence of the specific heat, susceptibility and neutron scattering fails badly for URu{sub 2}Zn{sub 20} and UCo{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}, even though the theory is phenomenally successful for the closely related rare earth compound YbFe{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}. Both these results highlight the distinction between the itineracy of the 5f's and the localization of the 4f's. It is our hope that these results are sufficiently significant as to stimulate deeper investigation of these compounds.
F. Nerling; J. Blümer; R. Engel; M. Risse
2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
The shower simulation code CORSIKA has been used to investigate the electron energy and angular distributions in high-energy showers. Based on the universality of both distributions, we develop an analytical description of Cherenkov light emission in extensive air showers, which provides the total number and angular distribution of photons. The parameterisation can be used e.g. to calculate the contribution of direct and scattered Cherenkov light to shower profiles measured with the air fluorescence technique.
Inverse scattering J-matrix approach to nucleon-nucleus scattering and the shell model
A. M. Shirokov; A. I. Mazur; J. P. Vary; E. A. Mazur
2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
The $J$-matrix inverse scattering approach can be used as an alternative to a conventional $R$-matrix in analyzing scattering phase shifts and extracting resonance energies and widths from experimental data. A great advantage of the $J$-matrix is that it provides eigenstates directly related to the ones obtained in the shell model in a given model space and with a given value of the oscillator spacing $\\hbar\\Omega$. This relationship is of a particular interest in the cases when a many-body system does not have a resonant state or the resonance is broad and its energy can differ significantly from the shell model eigenstate. We discuss the $J$-matrix inverse scattering technique, extend it for the case of charged colliding particles and apply it to the analysis of $n\\alpha$ and $p\\alpha$ scattering. The results are compared with the No-core Shell Model calculations of $^5$He and $^5$Li.
Distributed Paging Yair Bartal
Bartal, Yair
. We survey distributed data management problems including distributed paging, file allocation fantastically on an annual basis. This survey deals with distributed data management problems. Such probÂ lems in distributed data management is the deÂ sign of a dynamic allocation of file copies in a network in order
Introduction to Distributed Systems
Pous, Damien
1 Introduction to Distributed Systems Fabienne Boyer, LIG, fabienne.boyer@inria.fr Sources: Cours d'Olivier Gruber, Sacha Krakowiak, Sara Bouchenak, UJF Fabienne Boyer, Distributed Programming 2 Objectives Study conceptual and practical aspects of distributed systems l Client-server model l Distributed protocols l
G. Morlino; P. Blasi; M. Vietri
2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
A mathematical approach to investigate particle acceleration at shock waves moving at arbitrary speed in a medium with arbitrary scattering properties was first discussed in (Vietri 2003) and (Blasi & Vietri 2005}. We use this method and somewhat extend it in order to include the effect of a large scale magnetic field in the upstream plasma, with arbitrary orientation with respect to the direction of motion of the shock. We also use this approach to investigate the effects of anisotropic scattering on spectra and anisotropies of the distribution function of the accelerated particles.
Scattered neutron tomography based on a neutron transport problem
Scipolo, Vittorio
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
scattering objects because it does not adequately account for the scattering component of the neutron beam intensity exiting the sample. We proposed a new method of computed tomography which employs an inverse problem analysis of both the transmitted...
A study of neutron-deuteron scattering in configuration space
V. M. Suslov; M. A. Braun; I. Filikhin; B. Vlahovic
2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
A new computational method for solving the configuration-space Faddeev equations for the breakup scattering problem has been applied to nd scattering both below and above the two-body threshold.
Scattered neutron tomography based on a neutron transport problem
Scipolo, Vittorio
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
scattering objects because it does not adequately account for the scattering component of the neutron beam intensity exiting the sample. We proposed a new method of computed tomography which employs an inverse problem analysis of both the transmitted...
Light Scattering Problem and its Application in Atmospheric Science
Meng, Zhaokai
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
The light scattering problem and its application in atmospheric science is studied in this thesis. In the first part of this thesis, light scattering theory of single irregular particles is investigated. We first introduce ...
Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells
Kim, Youngchan
We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...
Wavelet Analysis of Two Dimensional Quantum Scattering A thesis presented
Heller, Eric
Wavelet Analysis of Two Dimensional Quantum Scattering A thesis presented by Jonathan Dillwyn the local nature of the scattering. We present an alternative discretization based on the discrete wavelet
Quark Structure of the Nucleon and Angular Asymmetry of Proton-Neutron Hard Elastic Scattering
Carlos G. Granados; Misak M. Sargsian
2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate an asymmetry in the angular distribution of hard elastic proton-neutron scattering with respect to 90deg center of mass scattering angle. We demonstrate that the magnitude of the angular asymmetry is related to the helicity-isospin symmetry of the quark wave function of the nucleon. Our estimate of the asymmetry within the quark-interchange model of hard scattering demonstrates that the quark wave function of a nucleon based on the exact SU(6) symmetry predicts an angular asymmetry opposite to that of experimental observations. On the other hand the quark wave function based on the diquark picture of the nucleon produces an asymmetry consistent with the data. Comparison with the data allowed us to extract the relative sign and the magnitude of the vector and scalar diquark components of the quark wave function of the nucleon. These two quantities are essential in constraining QCD models of a nucleon. Overall, our conclusion is that the angular asymmetry of a hard elastic scattering of baryons provides a new venue in probing quark-gluon structure of baryons and should be considered as an important observable in constraining the theoretical models.
Accurate and Approximate Calculations of Raman Scattering in the Atmosphere of Neptune
Sromovsky, Lawrence
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Raman scattering by H$_2$ in Neptune's atmosphere has significant effects on its reflectivity for $\\lambda 0.5 $\\mu$m, producing baseline decreases of $\\sim$ 20% in a clear atmosphere and $\\sim$ 10% in a hazy atmosphere. Here we present the first radiation transfer algorithm that includes both polarization and Raman scattering and facilitates computation of spatially resolved spectra. New calculations show that Cochran and Trafton's (1978, Astrophys. J. 219, 756-762) suggestion that light reflected in the deep CH$_4$ bands is mainly Raman scattered is not valid for current estimates of the CH$_4$vertical distribution, which implies only a 4% Raman contribution. Comparisons with IUE, HST, and groundbased observations confirm that high altitude haze absorption is reducing Neptune's geometric albedo by $\\sim$6% in the 0.22-0.26 $\\mu$m range and by $\\sim$13% in the 0.35-0.45 $\\mu$m range. We used accurate calculations to evaluate several approximations of Raman scattering. The Karkoschka (1994, Icarus 111, ...
Raman scattering from defects in GaN: The question of vibrational or electronic scattering mechanism
Nabben, Reinhard
Raman scattering from defects in GaN: The question of vibrational or electronic scattering on defects in GaN, which appear in the Raman spectra as sharp and intense lines in the low-energy region from into the GaN material. S0163-1829 98 00344-0 I. INTRODUCTION Low-temperature Raman spectra of GaN films grown
Particle sizing by dynamic light scattering: non-linear cumulant analysis
Alastair G. Mailer; Paul S. Clegg; Peter N. Pusey
2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the method of cumulants for analysing dynamic light scattering data in particle sizing applications. Here the data, in the form of the time correlation function of scattered light, is written as a series involving the first few cumulants (or moments) of the distribution of particle diffusion constants. Frisken (2001 Applied Optics 40, 4087) has pointed out that, despite greater computational complexity, a non-linear, iterative, analysis of the data has advantages over the linear least-squares analysis used originally. In order to explore further the potential and limitations of cumulant methods we analyse, by both linear and non-linear methods, computer-generated data with realistic `noise', where the parameters of the distribution can be set explicitly. We find that, with modern computers, non-linear analysis is straightforward and robust. The mean and variance of the distribution of diffusion constants can be obtained quite accurately for distributions of width (standard deviation/mean) up to about 0.6, but there appears to be little prospect of obtaining meaningful higher moments.
Neutron Scattering Society of America Purpose and New Initiatives
Pennycook, Steve
1 Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) Purpose and New Initiatives www.neutronscattering.org SNS/ANL School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering June 2010 Visit us now on Facebook #12;2 What and provide a focal point for the neutron scattering community in the USA To identify the needs
Fourteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Pennycook, Steve
Fourteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering August 12 - 25, 2012 at Argonne National of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major Ridge National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang
Tenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Pennycook, Steve
Tenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering September 24 - October 11, 2008 at Argonne of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang, Suzanne
Neutron Scattering Society of America Purpose and New Initiatives
1 Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) Purpose and New Initiatives www.neutronscattering.org SNS/ANL School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering June 2011 Visit us now on Facebook #12;2 What and provide a focal point for the neutron scattering community in the USA To identify the needs
National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
15th National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering August 10 - 24, 2013 at Argonne National of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major Ridge National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang
Thirteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Thirteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering June 11 June 25, 2011 at Argonne of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang, Suzanne
LANSCE School on Neutron Scattering: Materials at the Mesoscale
1 11th LANSCE School on Neutron Scattering: Materials at the Mesoscale Lujan Center Los Alamos. Please name the applicant for admission to the 11th LANSCE School on Neutron Scattering: Last, First LANSCE School on Neutron Scattering including: drive and motivation, ability to work with others
The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org
Homes, Christopher C.
The Neutron Scattering Society of America www.neutronscattering.org Press Release February 11, 2008 The Neutron Scattering Society of America is pleased to announce the election as Fellows of the Society of in application of neutron scattering to studies of surfaces and crystal field excitations as well as his
Sixteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Pennycook, Steve
Sixteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering June 14-28, 2014 at Argonne National of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Suzanne G.E. te Velthuis, Esen Ercan Alp
Neutron scattering in magnetic fields (*) W. C. Koehler
Boyer, Edmond
691 Neutron scattering in magnetic fields (*) W. C. Koehler Solid State Division, Oak Ridge. Abstract 2014 The use of magnetic fields in neutron scattering experimentation is reviewed briefly. Two of the scattering sample ; in the second the field acts on the neutron itself. Several examples are discussed
Twelfth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Pennycook, Steve
Twelfth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering June 12 June 26, 2010 at Argonne National of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang, Suzanne
National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering
Pennycook, Steve
National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering May 30 June 13, 2009 at Argonne National of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major National Laboratory's Neutron Scattering Science Division. Scientific Directors: Jonathan C. Lang, Suzanne
A Java-based Science Portal for Neutron Scattering Experiments
Vazhkudai, Sudharshan
A Java-based Science Portal for Neutron Scattering Experiments Sudharshan S. Vazhkudai James A scattering facility recently commissioned by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The neutron beam produced (SNS) [14] is a large-scale leading- edge neutron scattering facility that hopes to fundamen- tally
ORNL Neutron Scattering School May 30 -June 5, 2009
Pennycook, Steve
ORNL Neutron Scattering School May 30 - June 5, 2009 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, 2009, for the first week of the Neutron Xray Scattering School. Please be certain to bring photo for Neutron Scattering Users · Radiological Worker Training for HFIR and SNS Users In addition
MULTIPLICITY OF RESONANCES EQUALS MULTIPLICITY OF THE SCATTERING MATRIX
); #31;(x) = ~ #31;(x) = 1; ~ #31;#31; = #31;: ? Supported in part by ACI : M#19;ethodes math#19 matrix is de#12;ned just as in the usual potential scattering [4], [3]. We denote by S(#21;) the standard (relative) scattering matrix. The standard scattering matrix S(#21;) continues meromorphically in #21; from
The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org
Chen, Sow-Hsin
The Neutron Scattering Society of America www.neutronscattering.org Press Release, February 4, 2008 The Neutron Scattering Society of America is pleased to announce the 2008 recipients of its 3 major prizes. The Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) established the Clifford G. Shull Prize in Neutron Science
TUTORIAL / ARTICLE DIDACTIQUE Neutron scattering study of the classical
Ryan, Dominic
TUTORIAL / ARTICLE DIDACTIQUE Neutron scattering study of the classical antiferromagnet MnF2: a perfect hands-on neutron scattering teaching course1 Z. Yamani, Z. Tun, and D.H. Ryan Abstract: We present of neutron scattering concepts. The nature of antiferromagnetism and the magnetic Hamiltonian in this classi
Nitrogen Contamination in Elastic Neutron Scattering Songxue Chi,ab
Lynn, Jeffrey W.
Nitrogen Contamination in Elastic Neutron Scattering Songxue Chi,ab Jeffrey W. Lynn,a* Ying Chen a neutron scattering measurement is a contribution to the background, especially in inelastic measurements of having N2 in the sample environment system during elastic neutron scattering measurements on a single
Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Laboratory Learning Experiences
Meagher, Mary
.A. & Svergun D.I. (1987). Structure Analysis by Small-Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering. NY: Plenum PressSmall Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Laboratory Learning Experiences o - Use of small angle X-ray scattering instrumentation o - Programs that you will use SAXS (BRUKER AXS) PRIMUS (Konarev, Volkov, Koch
ccsd00002835, Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces
ccsd00002835, version 2 14 Sep 2004 Light scattering from cold rolled aluminum surfaces Damien Camille Soula , 31400 Toulouse, France We present experimental light scattering measurements from aluminum scattering measurements of an s-polarized electromagnetic wave (632.8 nanometers) from a rough aluminum alloy
Raman Scattering through a quantum-critical point
Freericks, Jim
spectral weight with underdoping. J. G. Naeini et al., PRB 1999 J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Raman scattering talk, 2001 M. Opel et al., PRB 2000 //( >> 0) k() qp scattering talk, 2001 #12;Experimental data for Kondo insulators · Nyhus et al, PRB 95 Raman scattering on Fe
Automatically Identifying Scatter in Fluorescence Data using Robust Techniques.
(PARAFAC) to fluorescence excitation-emission data (EEM). The scatter does not contain any relevant handle first and second order Rayleigh scatter as well as Raman scatter in various types of EEM data of such a measurement is an excitation-emission matrix (EEM). When several samples (I) are mea- sured the data can
Millimeter-wave polarization of protoplanetary disks due to dust scattering
Kataoka, Akimasa; Momose, Munetake; Tsukagoshi, Takashi; Fukagawa, Misato; Shibai, Hiroshi; Hanawa, Tomoyuki; Murakawa, Koji
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new method to constrain the grain size in protoplanetary disks with polarization observations at millimeter wavelengths. If dust grains are grown to the size comparable to the wavelengths, the dust grains are expected to have a large scattering opacity and thus the continuum emission is expected to be polarized due to self-scattering. We perform 3D radiative transfer calculations to estimate the polarization degree for the protoplanetary disks having radial Gaussian-like dust surface density distributions, which have been recently discovered. The maximum grain size is set to be $100 {\\rm~\\mu m}$ and the observing wavelength to be 870 ${\\rm \\mu m}$. We find that the polarization degree is as high as 2.5% with a subarcsec spatial resolution, which is likely to be detected with near-future ALMA observations. The emission is polarized due to scattering of anisotropic continuum emission. The map of the polarization degree shows a double peaked distribution and the polarization vectors are in the radia...
Sibener, S.J.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
angular and velocity distributions of the reaction products.angular and velocity distri butions, while reactionand velocity angular distributions of the OH reaction
Nolte, R; Plompen, A; Röttger, S
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The angular distribution of neutron-deuteron scattering was investigated using the proportional counter P2 simultaneously as scattering target and detector for the recoil deuterons. The measurements were carried out using monoenergetic neutrons in the energy range from 150 keV to 500 keV. Various techniques were employed to reduce distortions of the experimental pulse-height distribution by photon-induced events. The experimental data were compared with realistic simulations which were carried out using different evaluated data sets. This comparison allows to conclude on inconsistencies in the evaluations.
Boyer, Edmond
,, or on the differencep, -p, bet- ween the neutron and proton distributions. These experiments include scattering NEUTRON DISTRIBUTIONS R. C. BARRETT University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, U. K. RBsumB. -Un rappel des calculs de distributions de densite de neutrons B partir du modtile a particules independantes, du modtile
Inelastic Scatterings of Entangled Mossbauer Gammas
Yao Cheng; Zhongming Wang
2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
We report the observation of the temperature-dependent inelastic scattering of three entangled Mossbauer gammas in the time-resolved Mossbauer spectroscopy. Recently, the long-lived E3 Mossbauer transition of rhodium generated by bremsstrahlung irradiation has been reported. Two kinds of X-rays with the fast decay are attributed to the tri-photon effect. They are tri-photon pile-up of rhodium K X-rays and the high-Z impurity K X-rays. Energy of the particular K emission is higher than the sum energy of two Mossbauer gammas. This letter reports new discoveries by cooling down the sample using liquid nitrogen, namely the collective anomalous emission of entangled Mossbauer gammas. The enhancement of inelastic scatterings at low temperature such as rhodium K satellites is attributed to this entanglement.
Inelastic Scatterings of Entangled Mossbauer Gammas
Cheng, Y; Cheng, Yao; Wang, Zhongming
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the observation of the temperature-dependent inelastic scattering of three entangled Mossbauer gammas in the time-resolved Mossbauer spectroscopy. Recently, the long-lived E3 Mossbauer transition of rhodium generated by bremsstrahlung irradiation has been reported. Two kinds of x rays with the fast decay are attributed to the tri-photon effect. They are tri-photon pile-up of rhodium K x rays and the high-Z impurity K x rays. Energy of the particular K emission is greater than the sum energy of two Mossbauer gammas. This letter reports new discoveries by cooling down the sample using liquid nitrogen, namely the collective anomalous emission of entangled Mossbauer gammas. The enhancement of inelastic scatterings at low temperature such as rhodium K satellites is attributed to this entanglement.
Ab initio alpha-alpha scattering
Serdar Elhatisari; Dean Lee; Gautam Rupak; Evgeny Epelbaum; Hermann Krebs; Timo A. Lähde; Thomas Luu; Ulf-G. Meißner
2015-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
Processes involving alpha particles and alpha-like nuclei comprise a major part of stellar nucleosynthesis and hypothesized mechanisms for thermonuclear supernovae. In an effort towards understanding alpha processes from first principles, we describe in this letter the first ab initio calculation of alpha-alpha scattering. We use lattice effective field theory to describe the low-energy interactions of nucleons and apply a technique called the adiabatic projection method to reduce the eight-body system to an effective two-cluster system. We find good agreement between lattice results and experimental phase shifts for S-wave and D-wave scattering. The computational scaling with particle number suggests that alpha processes involving heavier nuclei are also within reach in the near future.
Ab initio alpha-alpha scattering
Elhatisari, Serdar; Rupak, Gautam; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Krebs, Hermann; Lähde, Timo A; Luu, Thomas; Meißner, Ulf-G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Processes involving alpha particles and alpha-like nuclei comprise a major part of stellar nucleosynthesis and hypothesized mechanisms for thermonuclear supernovae. In an effort towards understanding alpha processes from first principles, we describe in this letter the first ab initio calculation of alpha-alpha scattering. We use lattice effective field theory to describe the low-energy interactions of nucleons and apply a technique called the adiabatic projection method to reduce the eight-body system to an effective two-cluster system. We find good agreement between lattice results and experimental phase shifts for S-wave and D-wave scattering. The computational scaling with particle number suggests that alpha processes involving heavier nuclei are also within reach in the near future.
Optical theorem and elastic nucleon scattering
Milos V. Lokajicek; Vojtech Kundrat
2009-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
In the theoretical analysis of high-energy elastic nucleon scattering one starts commonly from the description based on the validity of optical theorem, which allows to derive the value of total cross section directly from the experimentally measured t-dependence of elastic differential cross section. It may be shown, however, that this theorem has been derived on the basis of one assumption that might be regarded perhaps as acceptable for long-range (e.g., Coulomb) forces but must be denoted as quite unacceptable for finite-range hadron forces. Consequently, the conclusions leading to the increase of total cross section with energy at higher collision energies must be newly analyzed. The necessity of new analysis concerns also the derivation of elastic scattering t-dependence at very low transverse momenta from measured data.
Pumping angular momentum by driven chaotic scattering
T. Dittrich; F. L. Dubeibe
2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
Chaotic scattering with an internal degree of freedom and the possibility to generate directed transport of angular momentum is studied in a specific model, a magnetic dipole moving in a periodically modulated magnetic field confined to a compact region in space. We show that this system is an irregular scatterer in large parts of its parameter space. If in addition all spatio-temporal symmetries are broken, directed transport of mass as well as angular momentum occurs. The sensitive parameter dependence of the corresponding currents includes frequent sign reversals. Zeros of either quantity entail the exclusive occurrence of the other and thus give rise in particular to angular-momentum separation without mass transport as a classical analogue of spin-polarized currents.
Double pulse Thomson scattering system at RTP
Beurskens, M.N.; Barth, C.J.; Chu, C.C.; Donne, A.J.; Herranz, J.A.; Lopes Cardozo, N.J.; van der Meiden, H.J.; Pijper, F.J. [FOM-Instituut voor Plasmafysica `Rijnhuizen`, Associatie Euratom-FOM, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (The Netherlands)] [FOM-Instituut voor Plasmafysica `Rijnhuizen`, Associatie Euratom-FOM, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (The Netherlands)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article a double pulse multiposition Thomson scattering diagnostic, under construction at RTP, is discussed. Light from a double pulsed ruby laser (pulse separation: 10{endash}800 {mu}s, max. 2{times}12.5 J) is scattered by the free electrons of the tokamak plasma and relayed to a Littrow polychromator for spectral analysis. The spectrally resolved light is recorded by two ICCD detectors. Simulations show that the system sensitivity will be such that electron temperatures in the range of 100 eV{endash}7 keV can be determined with an accuracy as good as 2{percent}{endash}3{percent} for electron densities of 10{sup 20} m{sup {minus}3}, with a spatial resolution down to 2.6 mm. With this diagnostic the dynamics of small scale structures in the electron temperature profile will be studied. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}
Multiple Scattering Measurements in the MICE Experiment
Carlisle, T.; Cobb, J.; /Oxford U.; Neuffer, D.; /Fermilab
2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE), under construction at RAL, will test a prototype cooling channel for a future Neutrino Factory or Muon Collider. The cooling channel aims to achieve, using liquid hydrogen absorbers, a 10% reduction in transverse emittance. The change in 4D emittance will be determined with an accuracy of 1% by measuring muons individually. Step IV of MICE will make the first precise emittance-reduction measurements of the experiment. Simulation studies using G4MICE, based on GEANT4, find a significant difference in multiple scattering in low Z materials, compared with the standard expression quoted by the Particle Data Group. Direct measurement of multiple scattering using the scintillating-fibre trackers is found to be possible, but requires the measurement resolution to be unfolded from the data.
Thompson Scattering in an Expanding Universe
James L. Anderson
1997-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
The Thompson cross section for scattering of electromagnetic waves by a free electron in an expanding universe is derived here. The equations of motion of the electron are obtained using the Einstein-Infeld-Hoffmann (EIH) surface integral method. These integrals are evaluated approximately by perturbing off an Einstein-deSitter cosmological field. It is found that the Thompson cross section varies with time as the inverse square of the cosmic scale factor R(t).
Virtual Compton Scattering: Results from Jefferson Lab
L. Van Hoorebeke
2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Virtual Compton Scattering o013 the proton has been studied at Q 2 -values of 1:0 and 1:9 (GeV=c) 2 in Hall A at the Thomas Je013erson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). Data were taken below and above the pion production threshold as well as in the resonance region. Results obtained below pion threshold at Q 2 = 1:0 (GeV=c) 2 are presented in this paper.
Scattering off the Color Glass Condensate
Heikki Mäntysaari
2015-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) framework, which describes quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at high energy, is applied to various scattering processes. Higher order corrections to the CGC evolution equations, known as the BK and JIMWLK equations, are also considered. It is shown that the leading order CGC calculations describe the experimental data from electron-proton deep inelastic scattering (DIS), proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions. The initial condition for the BK evolution equation is obtained by performing a fit to deep inelastic scattering data. The fit result is used as an input to calculations of single particle spectra and nuclear suppression in proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions, which are shown to be in agreement with RHIC and LHC measurements. In particular, the importance of a proper description of the nuclear geometry consistently with the DIS data fits is emphasized, as it results in a nuclear suppression factor $R_{pA}$ which is consistent with the available experimental data. In addition to single particle production, the correlations between two hadrons at forward rapidity are computed. The RHIC measurements are shown to be naturally explainable in the CGC framework, and the previous CGC calculations are improved by including the so called inelastic and double parton scattering contributions. This improvement is shown to be required in order to get results compatible with the experimentally measured correlations. Exclusive vector meson production, which can be a powerful tool to study the gluonic structure of nuclei at small Bjorken-$x$, is also considered. The cross sections are calculated within the CGC framework in the context of a future electron-ion collider. In particular, the cross section for incoherent diffractive vector meson production is derived and a centrality estimator for this process is proposed.
Thomson scattering for core plasma on DEMO
Mukhin, E. E.; Kurskiev, G. S.; Tolstyakov, S. Yu.; Bukreev, I. M.; Chernakov, P. V.; Kochergin, M. M.; Koval, A. N.; Litvinov, A. E.; Masyukevich, S. V.; Razdobarin, A. G.; Semenov, V. V. [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, 26 Polytechnicheskaya St., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Kukushkin, A. B.; Sdvizhenskii, P. A. [NRC Kurchatov Institute, 1, Akademika Kurchatova pl., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Andrew, P. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdon, 13115 St Paul Lez Durance (France)
2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes the challenges of Thomson scattering implementation for core plasma on DEMO and evaluates the capability to measure extremely high electron temperature range 0.5-40keV. A number of solutions to be developed for ITER diagnostics are suggested in consideration of their realization for DEMO. New approaches suggested for DEMO may also be of interest to ITER and currently operating magnetic confinement devices.
Ice thickness measurements by Raman scattering
Pershin, Sergey M; Klinkov, Vladimir K; Yulmetov, Renat N; Bunkin, Alexey F
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A compact Raman LIDAR system with a spectrograph was used for express ice thickness measurements. The difference between the Raman spectra of ice and liquid water is employed to locate the ice-water interface while elastic scattering was used for air-ice surface detection. This approach yields an error of only 2 mm for an 80-mm-thick ice sample, indicating that it is promising express noncontact thickness measurements technique in field experiments.
Thermal effects on neutrino-nucleus inelastic scattering in stellar environments
Alan A. Dzhioev; A. I. Vdovin; V. Yu. Ponomarev; J. Wambach
2010-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Thermal effects for inelastic neutrino-nucleus scattering off even-even nuclei in the iron region are studied. Allowed and first-forbidden contributions to the cross sections are calculated within the quasiparticle random phase approximation, extended to finite temperatures within the Thermo-Field-Dynamics formalism. The GT$_0$ strength distribution at finite temperatures is calculated for the sample nucleus $^{54}$Fe. The neutral-current neutrino-nucleus inelastic cross section is calculated for relevant temperatures during the supernova core collapse. The thermal population of the excited states significantly enhances the cross section at low neutrino energies. In agreement with studies using a large scale shell-model approach the enhancement is mainly due to neutrino up-scattering at finite temperatures.
Scattering of electromagnetic waves by many thin cylinders: theory and computational modeling
Ramm, A G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by many parallel infinite cylinders is studied asymptotically as a tends to 0, where a is the radius of the cylinders. It is assumed that the centres of the cylinders are distributed so that their numbers is determined by some positive function N(x). The function N(x) >= 0 is a given continuous function. An equation for the self-consistent (limiting) field is derived as a tends to 0. The cylinders are assumed perfectly conducting. Formula for the effective refraction coefficient of the new medium, obtained by embedding many thin cylinders into a given region, is derived. The numerical results presented demonstrate the validity of the proposed approach and its efficiency for solving the many-body scattering problems, as well as the possibility to create media with negative refraction coefficients.
Neutron-Proton Scattering in the Context of the $d^*$(2380) Resonance
P. Adlarson; W. Augustyniak; W. Bardan; M. Bashkanov; F. S. Bergmann; M. Ber?owski; H. Bhatt; M. Büscher; H. Calén; I. Ciepa?; H. Clement; D. Coderre; E. Czerwi?ski; K. Demmich; E. Doroshkevich; R. Engels; A. Erven; W. Erven; W. Eyrich; P. Fedorets; K. Föhl; K. Fransson; F. Goldenbaum; P. Goslawski; A. Goswami; K. Grigoryev; C. --O. Gullström; F. Hauenstein; L. Heijkenskjöld; V. Hejny; M. Hodana; B. Höistad; N. Hüsken; A. Jany; B. R. Jany; L. Jarczyk; T. Johansson; B. Kamys; G. Kemmerling; F. A. Khan; A. Khoukaz; D. A. Kirillov; S. Kistryn; H. Kleines; B. K?os; M. Krapp; W. Krzemie?; P. Kulessa; A. Kup??; K. Lalwani; D. Lersch; B. Lorentz; A. Magiera; R. Maier; P. Marciniewski; B. Maria?ski; M. Mikirtychiants; H. --P. Morsch; P. Moskal; H. Ohm; I. Ozerianska; E. Perez del Rio; N. M. Piskunov; P. Podkopa?; D. Prasuhn; A. Pricking; D. Pszczel; K. Pysz; A. Pyszniak; C. F. Redmer; J. Ritman; A. Roy; Z. Rudy; S. Sawant; S. Schadmand; T. Sefzick; V. Serdyuk; R. Siudak; T. Skorodko; M. Skurzok; J. Smyrski; V. Sopov; R. Stassen; J. Stepaniak; E. Stephan; G. Sterzenbach; H. Stockhorst; H. Ströher; A. Szczurek; A. Täschner; A. Trzci?ski; R. Varma; G. J. Wagner; M. Wolke; A. Wro?ska; P. Wüstner; P. Wurm; A. Yamamoto; L. Yurev; J. Zabierowski; M. J. Zieli?ski; A. Zink; J. Z?oma?czuk; P. {?}upra?ski; M. {?}urek; R. L. Workman; W. J. Briscoe; I. I. Strakovsky
2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
New data on quasifree polarized neutron-proton scattering, in the region of the recently observed $d^*$ resonance structure, have been obtained by exclusive and kinematically complete high-statistics measurements with WASA at COSY. This paper details the determination of the beam polarization, checks of the quasifree character of the scattering process, on all obtained $A_y$ angular distributions and on the new partial-wave analysis, which includes the new data producing a resonance pole in the $^3D_3$-$^3G_3$ coupled partial waves at ($2380\\pm10 - i40\\pm5$) MeV -- in accordance with the $d^*$ dibaryon resonance hypothesis. The effect of the new partial-wave solution on the description of total and differential cross section data as well as specific combinations of spin-correlation and spin-transfer observables available from COSY-ANKE measurements at $T_d$ = 2.27 GeV is discussed.
Analysis of the DENZ04 low-energy $\\pi^\\pm p$ elastic-scattering data
Matsinos, Evangelos
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the results of an analysis of the DENZ04 low-energy $\\pi^\\pm p$ differential cross sections. We first analysed separately the $\\pi^+ p$ and the $\\pi^- p$ elastic-scattering measurements on the basis of standard low-energy expansions of the s- and p-wave $K$-matrix elements. After the removal of the outliers (eleven degrees of freedom in the initial database), we subjected the truncated $\\pi^\\pm p$ elastic-scattering databases into a common optimisation scheme using the ETH model; the optimisation failed to produce reasonable values for the model parameters. The phase-shift solution, extracted from the model fit to the data, is very odd. The problems we have encountered in the analysis of the DENZ04 data are due to the shape of the angular distributions of their $\\pi^+ p$ differential cross sections.
Selective coupling of optical energy into the fundamental diffusion mode of a scattering medium
Ojambati, Oluwafemi S; Lagendijk, Ad; Mosk, Allard P; Vos, Willem L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate experimentally that optical wavefront shaping selectively couples light into the fundamental diffusion mode of a scattering medium. The total energy density inside a scattering medium of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles was probed by measuring the emitted fluorescent power of spheres that were randomly positioned inside the medium. The fluorescent power of an optimized incident wave front is observed to be enhanced compared to a non-optimized incident front. The observed enhancement increases with sample thickness. Based on diffusion theory, we derive a model wherein the distribution of energy density of wavefront-shaped light is described by the fundamental diffusion mode. The agreement between our model and the data is striking not in the least since there are no adjustable parameters. Enhanced total energy density is crucial to increase the efficiency of white LEDs, solar cells, and of random lasers, as well as to realize controlled illumination in biomedical optics.
T. Adams; P. Batra; L. Bugel; L. Camilleri; J. M. Conrad; A. de Gouvêa; P. H. Fisher; J. A. Formaggio; J. Jenkins; G. Karagiorgi; T. R. Kobilarcik; S. Kopp; G. Kyle; W. A. Loinaz; D. A. Mason; R. Milner; R. Moore; J. G. Morfín; M. Nakamura; D. Naples; P. Nienaber; F. I. Olness; J. F. Owens; S. F. Pate; A. Pronin; W. G. Seligman; M. H. Shaevitz; H. Schellman; I. Schienbein; M. J. Syphers; T. M. P. Tait; T. Takeuchi; C. Y. Tan; R. G. Van de Water; R. K. Yamamoto; J. Y. Yu
2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of "Beyond the Standard Model" physics.
Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Batra, P.; /Columbia U.; Bugel, Leonard G.; /Columbia U.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; /Columbia U.; Conrad, Janet Marie; /MIT; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Fisher, Peter H.; /MIT; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; /MIT; Jenkins, J.; /Northwestern U.; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT; Kobilarcik, T.R.; /Fermilab /Texas U.
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics.
Management of a large distributed control system development project
Gurd, D. P. (David P.)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Building an accelerator at six geographically dispersed sites is quite mad, but politically expedient. The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), currently under construction in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, combines a pulsed 1 Gev H{sup -} superconducting linac with a compressor ring to deliver 2 MW of beam power to a liquid mercury target for neutron production [1]. Accelerator components, target and experimental (neutron-scattering) instruments are being developed collaboratively by Lawrence Berkeley (Ion Source and Front End), Los Alamos (Linac), Thomas Jefferson (Cryosystems), Brookhaven (Compressor Ring), Oak Ridge (Target and Conventional Facilities) and Argonne (Neutron Scattering Instruments) National Laboratories. Similarly, a team distributed among all of the participating laboratories is developing the EPICS-based control system. this paper discusses the management model and strategies being used to address the unusual issues of organization, communication, standardization, integration and hand-off inherent in this widely-distributed project.
Extreme value statistics and the Pareto distribution in silicon photonics
Borlaug, David; Jalali, Bahram
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
L-shape probability distributions are extremely non-Gaussian distributions that have been surprisingly successful in describing the frequency of occurrence of extreme events, ranging from stock market crashes and natural disasters, the structure of biological systems, fractals, and optical rogue waves. In this paper, we show that fluctuations in stimulated Raman scattering in silicon, as well as in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering, can follow extreme value statistics and provide mathematical insight into the origin of this behavior. As an example of the experimental observations, we find that 16% of the Stokes pulses account for 84% of the pump energy transfer, an uncanny resemblance to the empirical Pareto principle or the 80/20 rule that describes important observation in socioeconomics.
ANALYSIS OF DISTRIBUTION FEEDER LOSSES DUE TO ADDITION OF DISTRIBUTED PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATORS
Tuffner, Francis K.; Singh, Ruchi
2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
Distributed generators (DG) are small scale power supplying sources owned by customers or utilities and scattered throughout the power system distribution network. Distributed generation can be both renewable and non-renewable. Addition of distributed generation is primarily to increase feeder capacity and to provide peak load reduction. However, this addition comes with several impacts on the distribution feeder. Several studies have shown that addition of DG leads to reduction of feeder loss. However, most of these studies have considered lumped load and distributed load models to analyze the effects on system losses, where the dynamic variation of load due to seasonal changes is ignored. It is very important for utilities to minimize the losses under all scenarios to decrease revenue losses, promote efficient asset utilization, and therefore, increase feeder capacity. This paper will investigate an IEEE 13-node feeder populated with photovoltaic generators on detailed residential houses with water heater, Heating Ventilation and Air conditioning (HVAC) units, lights, and other plug and convenience loads. An analysis of losses for different power system components, such as transformers, underground and overhead lines, and triplex lines, will be performed. The analysis will utilize different seasons and different solar penetration levels (15%, 30%).
Double parton scattering at high energies
Antoni Szczurek
2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss a few examples of rich newly developing field of double parton scattering. We start our presentation from production of two pairs of charm quark-antiquark and argue that it is the golden reaction to study the double parton scattering effects. In addition to the DPS we consider briefly also mechanism of single parton scattering and show that it gives much smaller contribution to the $c \\bar c c \\bar c$ final state. Next we discuss a perturbative parton-splitting mechanism which should be included in addition to the conventional DPS mechanism. We show that the presence of this mechanism unavoidably leads to collision energy and other kinematical variables dependence of so-called $\\sigma_{eff}$ parameter being extracted from different experiments. Next we briefly discuss production of four jets. We concentrate on estimation of the contribution of DPS for jets remote in rapidity. Understanding of this contribution is very important in the context of searches for BFKL effects known under the the name Mueller-Navelet jets. We discuss the situation in a more general context. Finally we briefly mention about DPS effects in production of $W^+ W^-$. Outlook closes the presentation.
Scattering off the Color Glass Condensate
Mäntysaari, Heikki
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) framework, which describes quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at high energy, is applied to various scattering processes. Higher order corrections to the CGC evolution equations, known as the BK and JIMWLK equations, are also considered. It is shown that the leading order CGC calculations describe the experimental data from electron-proton deep inelastic scattering (DIS), proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions. The initial condition for the BK evolution equation is obtained by performing a fit to deep inelastic scattering data. The fit result is used as an input to calculations of single particle spectra and nuclear suppression in proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions, which are shown to be in agreement with RHIC and LHC measurements. In particular, the importance of a proper description of the nuclear geometry consistently with the DIS data fits is emphasized, as it results in a nuclear suppression factor $R_{pA}$ which is consistent with the available exp...
Scattering properties of dark atoms and molecules
Cline, James M; Moore, Guy; Xue, Wei
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There has been renewed interest in the possibility that dark matter exists in the form of atoms, analogous to those of the visible world. An important input for understanding the cosmological consequences of dark atoms is their self-scattering. Making use of results from atomic physics for the potentials between hydrogen atoms, we compute the low-energy elastic scattering cross sections for dark atoms. We find an intricate dependence upon the ratio of the dark proton to electron mass, allowing for the possibility to "design" low-energy features in the cross section. Dependences upon other parameters, namely the gauge coupling and reduced mass, scale out of the problem by using atomic units. We derive constraints on the parameter space of dark atoms by demanding that their scattering cross section does not exceed bounds from dark matter halo shapes. We discuss the formation of molecular dark hydrogen in the universe, and determine the analogous constraints on the model when the dark matter is predominantly in ...
Scattering Theory for Open Quantum Systems
J. Behrndt; M. M. Malamud; H. Neidhardt
2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum systems which interact with their environment are often modeled by maximal dissipative operators or so-called Pseudo-Hamiltonians. In this paper the scattering theory for such open systems is considered. First it is assumed that a single maximal dissipative operator $A_D$ in a Hilbert space $\\sH$ is used to describe an open quantum system. In this case the minimal self-adjoint dilation $\\widetilde K$ of $A_D$ can be regarded as the Hamiltonian of a closed system which contains the open system $\\{A_D,\\sH\\}$, but since $\\widetilde K$ is necessarily not semibounded from below, this model is difficult to interpret from a physical point of view. In the second part of the paper an open quantum system is modeled with a family $\\{A(\\mu)\\}$ of maximal dissipative operators depending on energy $\\mu$, and it is shown that the open system can be embedded into a closed system where the Hamiltonian is semibounded. Surprisingly it turns out that the corresponding scattering matrix can be completely recovered from scattering matrices of single Pseudo-Hamiltonians as in the first part of the paper. The general results are applied to a class of Sturm-Liouville operators arising in dissipative and quantum transmitting Schr\\"{o}dinger-Poisson systems.
Scattering properties of dark atoms and molecules
James M. Cline; Zuowei Liu; Guy D. Moore; Wei Xue
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
There has been renewed interest in the possibility that dark matter exists in the form of atoms, analogous to those of the visible world. An important input for understanding the cosmological consequences of dark atoms is their self-scattering. Making use of results from atomic physics for the potentials between hydrogen atoms, we compute the low-energy elastic scattering cross sections for dark atoms. We find an intricate dependence upon the ratio of the dark proton to electron mass, allowing for the possibility to "design" low-energy features in the cross section. Dependences upon other parameters, namely the gauge coupling and reduced mass, scale out of the problem by using atomic units. We derive constraints on the parameter space of dark atoms by demanding that their scattering cross section does not exceed bounds from dark matter halo shapes. We discuss the formation of molecular dark hydrogen in the universe, and determine the analogous constraints on the model when the dark matter is predominantly in molecular form.
Stone, Kevin H.
2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
Some polymer properties, such as conductivity, are very sensitive to short- and intermediate-range orientational and positional ordering of anisotropic molecular functional groups, and yet means to characterize orientational order in disordered systems are very limited. We demonstrate that resonant scattering at the carbon K-edge is uniquely sensitive to short-range orientation correlations in polymers through depolarized scattering at high momentum transfers, using atactic polystyrene as a well-characterized test system. Depolarized scattering is found to coexist with unpolarized fluorescence, and to exhibit pronounced anisotropy. We also quantify the spatially averaged optical anisotropy from low-angle reflectivity measurements, finding anisotropy consistent with prior visible, x-ray absorption, and theoretical studies. The average anisotropy is much smaller than that in the depolarized scattering and the two have different character. Both measurements exhibit clear spectral signatures from the phenyl rings and the polyethylene-like backbone. Discussion focuses on analysis considerations and prospects for using this depolarized scattering for studies of disorder in soft condensed matter.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Distributed Wind 2015 is committed to the advancement of both distributed and community wind energy. This two day event includes a Business Conference with sessions focused on advancing the...
V. P. Levashev
2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the relations between the neutron-triton scattering lengths and effective ranges and the corresponding quantities for the p --$^{3}$He scattering in the framework of the potential model with an effective nucleon-nucleus interaction in the form of a $\\delta $-shell potential. It is shown that the Coulomb renormalization of the pure nuclear scattering lengths does not change the relation well established for the n + $^{3}$H system between the lengths: $A^{1} scattering lengths which give preference to set I of the phase analysis performed by E.A. George et al. (2003), which corresponds to the inequality $A^{1}_{nc} scattering lengths.
2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
Index Terms—Basis pursuit, distributed optimization, sensor networks, augmented ... and image denoising and restoration [1], [2], compression, fitting and ...
Boothroyd, Andrew
Concepts of Neutron ScatteringConcepts of Neutron Scattering 66thth PSI Summer School on Condensed Andrew Boothroyd University of Oxford Basic features of neutron scattering Neutron diffraction Neutron on the lattice * * * #12;ScatteringScattering ``nuts and boltsnuts and bolts'' Neutrons, photons, electrons
Water vapor distribution in protoplanetary disks
Du, Fujun
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Water vapor has been detected in protoplanetary disks. In this work we model the distribution of water vapor in protoplanetary disks with a thermo-chemical code. For a set of parameterized disk models, we calculate the distribution of dust temperature and radiation field of the disk with a Monte Carlo method, and then solve the gas temperature distribution and chemical composition. The radiative transfer includes detailed treatment of scattering by atomic hydrogen and absorption by water of Lyman alpha photons, since the Lyman alpha line dominates the UV spectrum of accreting young stars. In a fiducial model, we find that warm water vapor with temperature around 300 K is mainly distributed in a small and well-confined region in the inner disk. The inner boundary of the warm water region is where the shielding of UV field due to dust and water itself become significant. The outer boundary is where the dust temperature drops below the water condensation temperature. A more luminous central star leads to a more ...
Love, Steven P.; Davis, A. B. (Anthony B.); Rohde, C. A. (Charles A.); Tellier, L. L. (Larry L.); Ho, Cheng,
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
At most optical wavelengths, laser light in a cloud lidar experiment is not absorbed but merely scattered out of the beam, eventually escaping the cloud via multiple scattering. There is much information available in this light scattered far from the input beam, information ignored by traditional 'on-beam' lidar. Monitoring these off-beam returns in a fully space- and time-resolved manner is the essence of our unique instrument, Wide Angle Imaging Lidar (WAIL). In effect, WAIL produces wide-field (60-degree full-angle) 'movies' of the scattering process and records the cloud's radiative Green functions. A direct data product of WAIL is the distribution of photon path lengths resulting from multiple scattering in the cloud. Following insights from diffusion theory, we can use the measured Green functions to infer the physical thickness and optical depth of the cloud layer, and, from there, estimate the volume-averaged liquid water content. WAIL is notable in that it is applicable to optically thick clouds, a regime in which traditional lidar is reduced to ceilometry. Here we present recent WAIL data oti various clouds and discuss the extension of WAIL to full diurnal monitoring by means of an ultra-narrow magneto-optic atomic line filter for daytime measurements.
E. V. Zemlyanaya; V. K. Lukyanov; K. V. Lukyanov; E. I. Zhabitskaya; M. V. Zhabitsky
2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
Analysis is performed of calculations of the elastic scattering differential cross sections of pions on the $^{28}$Si, $^{40}$Ca, $^{58}$Ni and $^{208}$Pb nuclei at energies from 130 to 290 MeV basing on the microscopic optical potential (OP) constructed as an optical limit of a Glauber theory. Such an OP is defined by the corresponding target nucleus density distribution function and by the elementary $\\pi N$ amplitude of scattering. The three (say, "in-medium") parameters of the $\\pi N$ scattering amplitude: total cross section, the ratio of real to imaginary part of the forward $\\pi N$ amplitude, and the slope parameter, were obtained by fitting them to the data on the respective pion-nucleus cross sections calculated by means of the corresponding relativistic wave equation with the above OP. A difference is discussed between the best-fit "in-medium" parameters and the "free" parameters of the $\\pi N$ scattering amplitudes known from the experimental data on scattering of pions on free nucleons.
Progress in the Neural Network Determination of Polarized Parton Distributions
J. Rojo; G. Ridolfi; R. D. Ball; V. Bertone; F. Cerutti; L. Del Debbio; S. Forte; A. Guffanti; J. I. Latorre; M. Ubiali
2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We review recent progress towards a determination of a set of polarized parton distributions from a global set of deep-inelastic scattering data based on the NNPDF methodology, in analogy with the unpolarized case. This method is designed to provide a faithful and statistically sound representation of parton distributions and their uncertainties. We show how the FastKernel method provides a fast and accurate method for solving the polarized DGLAP equations. We discuss the polarized PDF parametrizations and the physical constraints which can be imposed. Preliminary results suggest that the uncertainty on polarized PDFs, most notably the gluon, has been underestimated in previous studies.
Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL; Do, Changwoo [ORNL; Egami, T [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Li, Xin [ORNL; Liu, Emily [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Liu, Yun [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Porcar, L. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL; Smith, Sean C [ORNL; Wu, Bin [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and contrast variation small angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique have been used to investigate the generation-5 (G5) polyelectrolyte polyamidoamine (PAMAM) starburst dendrimer with respect to its conformational dependence on counterion behavior at different levels of molecular charge. Satisfactory agreement is seen between the simulated results, such as the excess intra-dendrimer scattering length density (SLD) distribution and hydration level, and their experimental counterparts. The conformational evolution of charged dendrimer appears to be highly dependent on the association behavior of counterion. We explore the nature of the distribution of counterions around charged amines and qualitatively account for its sensitivity to the counterion valency on the difference of excess free energy. Moreover, via extending the concept of electrical double layer for compact charged colloids, we define an effective radius of charged dendrimer based on the spatial distribution of counterions in its vicinity. Within the same framework, the correlation between the strength of intra-dendrimer electrostatic repulsion and counterion valency and dynamics is also addressed.
FRIB cryogenic distribution system
Ganni, V.; Dixon, K.; Laverdure, N.; Knudsen, P.; Arenius, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Barrios, M.; Jones, S.; Johnson, M.; Casagrande, F. [Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)
2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.
FRIB cryogenic distribution system
Ganni, Venkatarao [JLAB; Dixon, Kelly D. [JLAB; Laverdure, Nathaniel A. [JLAB; Knudsen, Peter N. [JLAB; Arenius, Dana M. [JLAB; Barrios, Matthew N. [Michigan State; Jones, S. [Michigan State; Johnson, M. [Michigan State; Casagrande, Fabio [Michigan State
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Michigan State University Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (MSU-FRIB) helium distribution system has been revised to include bayonet/warm valve type disconnects between each cryomodule and the transfer line distribution system, similar to the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) cryogenic distribution systems. The heat loads at various temperature levels and some of the features in the design of the distribution system are outlined. The present status, the plans for fabrication, and the procurement approach for the helium distribution system are also included.
Simulation and Application of Light Scattering Properties for Scatterers with Large Aspect Ratios
Sun, Bingqiang
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, George W. Kattawar Co-Chair of Committee, Ping Yang Committee Members, Edward S. Fry Alexei V. Sokolov Head of Department, George R. Welch December 2014 Major Subject: Physics Copyright 2014 Bingqiang Sun ABSTRACT... electromagnetic field is a transverse spherical wave: Esca|kr?? = exp(ikr) ?ikr Esca1 (2.2) where r is the radial coordinate, k is the wavenumber of surrounding medium and Esca1 is the amplitude of scattered electric field. The amplitude of incident and scattering...
book review: Species distribution models for species distribution modellers
Dormann, Carsten F
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mapping species distributions: spa? tial inference and news and update book review Species distribution models for species distribution modellers Ecological niches and
Water vapor distribution in protoplanetary disks
Du, Fujun; Bergin, Edwin A., E-mail: fdu@umich.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Water vapor has been detected in protoplanetary disks. In this work, we model the distribution of water vapor in protoplanetary disks with a thermo-chemical code. For a set of parameterized disk models, we calculate the distribution of dust temperature and radiation field of the disk with a Monte Carlo method, and then solve the gas temperature distribution and chemical composition. The radiative transfer includes detailed treatment of scattering by atomic hydrogen and absorption by water of Ly? photons, since the Ly? line dominates the UV spectrum of accreting young stars. In a fiducial model, we find that warm water vapor with temperature around 300 K is mainly distributed in a small and well-confined region in the inner disk. The inner boundary of the warm water region is where the shielding of UV field due to dust and water itself become significant. The outer boundary is where the dust temperature drops below the water condensation temperature. A more luminous central star leads to a more extended distribution of warm water vapor, while dust growth and settling tends to reduce the amount of warm water vapor. Based on typical assumptions regarding the elemental oxygen abundance and the water chemistry, the column density of warm water vapor can be as high as 10{sup 22} cm{sup –2}. A small amount of hot water vapor with temperature higher than ?300 K exists in a more extended region in the upper atmosphere of the disk. Cold water vapor with temperature lower than 100 K is distributed over the entire disk, produced by photodesorption of the water ice.
Azimuthal angle dependence of dijet production in unpolarized hadron scattering
Lu Zhun; Schmidt, Ivan [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile) and Center of Subatomic Physics, Valparaiso (Chile)
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the azimuthal angular dependence of back-to-back dijet production in unpolarized hadron scattering H{sub A}+H{sub B}{yields}J{sub 1}+J{sub 2}+X, arising from the product of two Boer-Mulders functions, which describe the transverse spin distribution of quarks inside an unpolarized hadron. We find that when the dijet is of two identical quarks (J{sub q}+J{sub q}) or a quark-antiquark pair (J{sub q}+J{sub q}), there is a cos{delta}{phi} angular dependence of the dijet, with {delta}{phi}={phi}{sub 1}-{phi}{sub 2}, and {phi}{sub 1} and {phi}{sub 2} are the azimuthal angles of the two individual jets. In the case of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production, we find that there is a color factor enhancement in the gluonic cross section, compared with the result from the standard generalized parton model. We estimate the cos{delta}{phi} asymmetry of dijet production at RHIC, showing that the color factor enhancement in the angular dependence of J{sub q}+J{sub q} production will reverse the sign of the asymmetry.
Basics of Ion Scattering in Nanoscale Materials
Whitlow, Harry J.; Zhang, Yanwen
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Energetic ions interact with materials by collisions with the nuclei and electrons of the atoms that make up the material. In these collisions energy and momentum is transferred from the projectile particle which is a moving atom or ion, to the target particles (atomic nucleus or electron). Each collision leads to a slowing down of the moving projectile and also a deflection of the trajectory which gives rise to the term scattering which is often used synonymously to describe the energy transfer process. In this chapter, we introduce from an experimental viewpoint the underlying theory for interaction of ions for analysis and modification of nanometer scale materials. A more detailed theoretical overview of the topic can be found in the recent monographs by Sigmund. Detailed derivations of the formulae introduced will not be given here but can be found in standard texts that are indicated by references. The treatment here starts by considering an individual scattering event. The results are then used to consider the effects on the primary ion in the limit where a large number of collisions take place. Subsequently, the primary effects are considered in nanometer materials which approach the thin-medium limit where the primary particles encounter only limited number of scattering centers. Finally, the dissipation of the energy deposited by the primary projectiles in secondary processes such as cascades of displaced atoms and electrons will be considered in the thick and thin medium limits. This approach was chosen because it builds upon the standard concepts in ion-matter interactions that are well know and have been widely used in experimental measurements of the stopping force and applications such as Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), ion beam modification of materials etc.
Electromagnetic scattering and absorption by aerosol agglomerates
Chen, Hsingyi.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Calculation of scattering and absorption by smoke aerosols is required in many applications, including characterization of atmospheric aerosols, prediction of climatic impact of smoke, evaluation of smoke effectiveness in obscuration, calculation of heat transfer from flames, and evaluation of various scenarios of nuclear winter. In this dissertation two procedures were developed to accurately make these calculations utilizing realistic models of smoke agglomerates including oriented chains and fractal geometries. First the Iterative Extended Boundary Condition Method (IEBCM) was utilized to calculate the electromagnetic (EM) scattering and absorption of elongated aerosol particles. The computation efficiency and capability of IEBCM were improved by implementing the sectioning and the segmentation procedures. The sectioning procedure resulted in improving the computational efficiency and the segmentation method made it possible to make calculations for particles with aspect ratios as high as 250. The other procedure employed the Volume Integral Equation Formulation (VIEF) to compute the EM scattering and absorption by agglomerates of complex geometries. The validity of the procedure was checked first by comparing the obtained results with those obtained from the Mie solution for a spherical object and with the IEBCM for nonspherical objects. The comparison between results showed excellent agreement and hence validated the accuracy of the VIEF. The VIEF solution was then used to make calculations for five types of fractal agglomerates of smoke aerosol particles with fractal dimensions in the range from 1.7 to 1.9. The results obtained were compared with those based on the fractal theory recently published by Berry and Percival, and some differences were observed.
Electromagnetic wave scattering by many small particles
A. G. Ramm
2006-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
Scattering of electromagnetic waves by many small particles of arbitrary shapes is reduced rigorously to solving linear algebraic system of equations bypassing the usual usage of integral equations. The matrix elements of this linear algebraic system have physical meaning. They are expressed in terms of the electric and magnetic polarizability tensors. Analytical formulas are given for calculation of these tensors with any desired accuracy for homogeneous bodies of arbitrary shapes. An idea to create a "smart" material by embedding many small particles in a given region is formulated.
Quadratic electroweak corrections for polarized Moller scattering
A. Aleksejevs, S. Barkanova, Y. Kolomensky, E. Kuraev, V. Zykunov
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper discusses the two-loop (NNLO) electroweak radiative corrections to the parity violating electron-electron scattering asymmetry induced by squaring one-loop diagrams. The calculations are relevant for the ultra-precise 11 GeV MOLLER experiment planned at Jefferson Laboratory and experiments at high-energy future electron colliders. The imaginary parts of the amplitudes are taken into consideration consistently in both the infrared-finite and divergent terms. The size of the obtained partial correction is significant, which indicates a need for a complete study of the two-loop electroweak radiative corrections in order to meet the precision goals of future experiments.
Scattering of singular beams by subwavelength objects
Hemo, Evyatar; Shamir, Joseph
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years, there has been a mounting interest in better methods of measuring nanoscale objects, especially in fields such as nanotechnology, biomedicine, cleantech, and microelectronics. Conventional methods have proved insufficient, due to the classical diffraction limit or slow and complicated measuring procedures. The purpose of this paper is to explore the special characteristics of singular beams with respect to the investigation of subwavelength objects. Singular beams are light beams that contain one or more singularities in their physical parameters, such as phase or polarization. We focus on the three-dimensional interaction between electromagnetic waves and subwavelength objects to extract information about the object from the scattered light patterns.
Deep-inelastic photon-neutrino scattering
Huq, M.
1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The moments of the structure functions scrF/sub T//sup( N/), scrF/sub 3//sup( N/), and scrF/sub L//sup( N/) in deep-inelastic photon-neutrino scattering have been calculated. Exactly calculable leading-order QCD corrections to the box-diagram contributions are large for scrF/sub T//sup( N/) and scrF/sub 3//sup( N/) increasing with N. For scrF/sub L//sup( N/) the corrections are very small except for small N. Dependence of the results on the number of flavors of quarks is very small.
Cold neutron scattering in imperfect deuterium crystals
Andrzej Adamczak
2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
The differential cross sections for cold neutron scattering in mosaic deuterium crystals have been calculated for various target temperatures. The theoretical results are compared with the recent experimental data for the neutron wavelengths $\\lambda\\approx$~1--9~\\AA. It is shown that the structures of observed Bragg peaks can be explained by the mosaic spread of about $3^{\\circ}$ and contributions from a~limited number of crystal orientations. Such a~crystal structure should be also taken into account in ultracold neutron upscattering due to the coherent phonon annihilation in solid deuterium.
Total Cross Sections for Neutron Scattering
C. R. Chinn; Ch. Elster; R. M. Thaler; S. P. Weppner
1994-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Measurements of neutron total cross-sections are both extensive and extremely accurate. Although they place a strong constraint on theoretically constructed models, there are relatively few comparisons of predictions with experiment. The total cross-sections for neutron scattering from $^{16}$O and $^{40}$Ca are calculated as a function of energy from $50-700$~MeV laboratory energy with a microscopic first order optical potential derived within the framework of the Watson expansion. Although these results are already in qualitative agreement with the data, the inclusion of medium corrections to the propagator is essential to correctly predict the energy dependence given by the experiment.
Neutron scattering and extra short range interactions
V. V. Nesvizhevsky; G. Pignol; K. V. Protasov
2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
The available data on neutron scattering were analyzed to constrain a hypothetical new short-range interaction. We show that these constraints are several orders of magnitude better than those usually cited in the range between 1 pm and 5 nm. This distance range occupies an intermediate space between collider searches for strongly coupled heavy bosons and searches for new weak macroscopic forces. We emphasise the reliability of the neutron constraints in so far as they provide several independent strategies. We have identified the most promising way to improve them.
Fano resonances in scattering: an alternative perspective
Lukas Schwarz; Holger Cartarius; Günter Wunner; Walter Dieter Heiss; Jörg Main
2015-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
In a previous paper it has been shown that the interference of the first and second order pole of the Green's function at an exceptional point, as well as the interference of the first order poles in the vicinity of the exceptional point, gives rise to asymmetric scattering cross section profiles. In the present paper we demonstrate that these line profiles are indeed well described by the Beutler-Fano formula, and thus are genuine Fano resonances. Also further away from the exceptional points excellent agreement can be found by introducing energy dependent Fano parameters.
Forward Helion Scattering and Neutron Polarization
Buttimore, N. H. [Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)
2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
The elastic scattering of spin half helium-3 nuclei at small angles can show a sufficiently large analyzing power to enable the level of helion polarization to be evaluated. As the helion to a large extent inherits the polarization of its unpaired neutron the asymmetry observed in helion collisions can be transformed into a measurement of the polarization of its constituent neutron. Neutron polarimetry therefore relies upon understanding the spin dependence of the electromagnetic and hadronic interactions in the region of interference where there is an optimal analyzing power.
Scattering in PT-symmetric quantum mechanics
Cannata, Francesco [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bologna and Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita, Via Irnerio 46, I 40126 Bologna (Italy)]. E-mail: Francesco.Cannata@bo.infn.it; Dedonder, Jean-Pierre [GMPIB Universite Paris 7 - Denis-Diderot, 2 Place Jussieu, F-75251, Paris Cedex 05 (France)]. E-mail: dedonder@paris7.jussieu.fr; Ventura, Alberto [Ente Nuove Tecnologie, Energia e Ambiente, Bologna and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bologna (Italy)]. E-mail: Alberto.Ventura@bologna.enea.it
2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
A general formalism is worked out for the description of one-dimensional scattering in non-hermitian quantum mechanics and constraints on transmission and reflection coefficients are derived in the cases of P, T or PT invariance of the Hamiltonian. Applications to some solvable PT-symmetric potentials are shown in detail. Our main original results concern the association of reflectionless potentials with asymptotic exact PT symmetry and the peculiarities of separable kernels of non-local potentials in connection with Hermiticity, T invariance and PT invariance.
Giant resonance study by 6li scattering
Chen, Xinfeng
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
used to study giant resonances (see Ref. [20])...... 7 FIG. 2.1 Coordinates relation for folding calculation. ..................................................... 32 FIG. 2.2 A sample input file of DFPD4. The number 1 - 8 on the left side represent... of the crosssection for inelastic scattering from 116 Sn for 1.6 MeV wide bin centered at E x =12.62, 22.20, 30.17 MeV of the giant resonance peak and the continuum along with DWBA fits.. ............................ 99 FIG.4.14 E0, E1, E2 and E3 Strength...
Fano resonances in scattering: an alternative perspective
Schwarz, Lukas; Wunner, Günter; Heiss, Walter Dieter; Main, Jörg
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a previous paper it has been shown that the interference of the first and second order pole of the Green's function at an exceptional point, as well as the interference of the first order poles in the vicinity of the exceptional point, gives rise to asymmetric scattering cross section profiles. In the present paper we demonstrate that these line profiles are indeed well described by the Beutler-Fano formula, and thus are genuine Fano resonances. Also further away from the exceptional points excellent agreement can be found by introducing energy dependent Fano parameters.
A modified variational approach to scattering
Parnell, Gregory Elliott
1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
that where Wg mr P (rj= ZrZ e (2. 9) in the units Eq. (2. 2). The Schrddinger wave equation for the system, H% = EW, then becomes ? '7- ? ?, +, -, ]I ? E'i t 22 s Ig, Iq &g! where E is the total energy of the system. This may be written [fl+H+ tj~p~](1... scattering, ft, is the bound electron wavefunction, and/& is the free electron wavefunction. Then, and (2. 7) where the P i&, (r) are the reduced radial eigenfunctions of the isolated nC hydrogenlike atom problem, gr) is analogously the reduced radial...
Fano resonances in scattering: an alternative perspective
Lukas Schwarz; Holger Cartarius; Günter Wunner; Walter Dieter Heiss; Jörg Main
2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
In a previous paper it has been shown that the interference of the first and second order pole of the Green's function at an exceptional point, as well as the interference of the first order poles in the vicinity of the exceptional point, gives rise to asymmetric scattering cross section profiles. In the present paper we demonstrate that these line profiles are indeed well described by the Beutler-Fano formula, and thus are genuine Fano resonances. Also further away from the exceptional points excellent agreement can be found by introducing energy dependent Fano parameters.
A NEW ANALYSIS OF INTRABEAM SCATTERING
Nash, B
2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Beginning with the Fokker-Planck equation we present a new analysis of intrabeam scattering (IBS) in electron storage rings. Our approach is distinguished by having no ill-defined Coulomb logarithm, a fundamental drawback of previous approaches. We treat the case of linear x{sub {beta}}Y{sub {beta}} coupling in detail, deriving explicit expressions for the second moment invariants and their time evolution in the presence of IBS. We compare our results with those of Bjorken-Mtingwa, as well as with measurements performed at KEK's ATF damping ring. More details of our derivations will be published elsewhere.
Electrochromic control of thin film light scattering
Lindstroem, T.; Kullman, L.; Roennow, D.; Ribbing, C.; Granqvist, C.G. [Department of Technology, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 534, S-752 21, Uppsala (Sweden)] [Department of Technology, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 534, S-752 21, Uppsala (Sweden)
1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Total and diffuse reflectance spectra were measured on Al surfaces covered with electrochromic W oxide films in colored and bleached states. Vector perturbation theory was used for analyzing the spectra. The diffuse reflectance appeared to originate from correlated (uncorrelated) interface roughness when the W oxide film was fully colored (bleached). Assuming partially correlated interfaces led to agreement between experimental and calculated spectra. The use of an electrochromic film appears a promising method to control the relative contributions of the interfaces to the resulting scattering. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}
Measurement of Dijet Production in Diffractive Deep-Inelastic Scattering at HERA
Schmitt, Stefan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The production of dijets is measured in diffractive deep-inelastic scattering at HERA. The data were recorded with the H1 detector at DESY in the years 2003-2007. Diffractive events are selected by requiring a gap in the rapidity distribution of the hadronic systen, where no particles are produced. Two jets are selected with transverse momenta in the hadronic-centre-of-mass system larger than 4 and 5.5GeV, respectively. Cross sections are measured single- and doubledifferentially in various kinematic quantities. The data are found to be in good agreement with NLO QCD calculations based on diffractive parton densities determined frominclusive diffractive cross section measurements.
Obtaining information on short-range correlations from inclusive electron scattering
Claudio Ciofi degli Atti; Chiara Benedetta Mezzetti
2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
In view of recent data from the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) on inclusive electron scattering off nuclei at high momentum transfer (Q^2 > 1 GeV^2) and their current analysis, it is shown that, if the scaling variable is properly chosen, the analysis in terms of scaling functions can provide useful information on Short Range Correlations (SRC). This is demonstrated by introducing a new relativistic scaling variable that incorporates the momentum dependence of the excitation energy of the (A-1)system, with the resulting scaling function being closely related to the longitudinal momentum distributions.
High-power pulsed thulium fiber oscillator modulated by stimulated Brillouin scattering
Tang, Yulong, E-mail: yulong@sjtu.edu.cn; Xu, Jianqiu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)
2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z
A pulsed ?2-?m thulium-doped fiber laser passively modulated by distributed stimulated Brillouin scattering achieves 10.2?W average power and >100?kHz repetition rate with a very simple all-fiber configuration. The maximum pulse energy and peak power surpass 100??J and 6?kW, respectively. Another distinct property is that the pulse width is clamped around 17?ns at all power levels. All the average-power, pulse energy, and peak power show the highest values from passively modulated fiber lasers in all wavelength regions.
Global Optical Potential for the Elastic Scattering of $^{6}$He at Low Energies
Y. Kucuk; I. Boztosun; T. Topel
2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
A set of global optical potential has been derived to describe the interactions of $^{6}$He at low energies. The elastic scattering angular distribution data measured so far for many systems, ranging from $^{12}$C to $^{209}$Bi, have been considered within the framework of the optical model in order to find a global potential set to describe the experimental data consistently. We report that very good agreement between theoretical and experimental results has been obtained with small $\\chi^{2}/N$ values by using the derived potential set. The reaction cross section and volume integrals of the potentials have been deduced from the theoretical calculations for all studied systems at relevant energies.
Deeply virtual Compton scattering on longitudinally polarized protons and neutrons at CLAS
Silvia Niccolai; for the CLAS Collaboration
2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
This paper focuses on a measurement of deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly-6-GeV polarized electron beam, two longitudinally polarized (via DNP) solid targets of protons (NH3) and deuterons (ND3) and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Here, preliminary results for target-spin asymmetries and double (beam-target) asymmetries for proton DVCS, as well as a very preliminary extraction of beam-spin asymmetry for neutron DVCS, are presented and linked to Generalized Parton Distributions.
PDF Nuclear Corrections for Charged Lepton and Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering Processes
I. Schienbein; J. Y. Yu; K. Kovarik; C. Keppel; J. G. Morfin; F. Olness; J. F. Owens
2010-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
We perform a \\chi^2-analysis of Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions (NPDFs) using neutral current charged-lepton Deeply Inelastic Scattering (DIS) and Drell-Yan data for several nuclear targets. The nuclear A dependence of the NPDFs is extracted in a next-to-leading order fit. We compare the nuclear corrections factors F2(Fe)/F2(D) for this charged-lepton data with other results from the literature. In particular, we compare and contrast fits based upon the charged-lepton DIS data with those using neutrino-nucleon DIS data.
Study of Nano-Precipitates Using Small-Angle Neutron Scattering
Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Small-Angle-Neutron-Scattering (SANS) experiments were performed on a Ni-based nano-precipitate strengthened superalloy. A theoretical model for SANS absolute intensity distribution, I(Q), was developed to extract the structural properties. During the deformation process, a change in the morphology of precipitates was discovered. However, the average inter-precipitate distance and the average volume of precipitate were found to remain invariant. This microstructural information resolved by SANS is in good agreement with the results obtained from the quantitative transmission-electron-microscopy (TEM) image analysis.
Kucheyev, S O; Toth, M; Baumann, T F; Hamza, A V; Ilavsky, J; Knowles, W R; Thiel, B L; Tileli, V; van Buuren, T; Wang, Y M; Willey, T M
2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
We use low-vacuum scanning electron microscopy to image directly the ligament and pore size and shape distributions of representative aerogels over a wide range of length scales ({approx} 10{sup 0}-10{sup 5} nm). The images are used for unambiguous, real-space interpretation of small-angle scattering data for these complex nanoporous systems.
Zhao, Y X; Wang, Y; Allada, K; Aniol, K; Annand, J R; Averett, T; Benmokhtar, F; Bertozzi, W; Bradshaw, P C; Bosted, P; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Cates, G D; Chen, C; Chen, J -P; Chen, W; Chirapatpimol, K; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Cornejo, J C; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; Deconinck, W; de Jager, C W; De Leo, R; Deng, X; Deur, A; Ding, H; Dolph, P A; Dutta, C; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Frullani, S; Gao, H; Garibaldi, F; Gaskell, D; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, O; Golge, S; Guo, L; Hamilton, D; Hansen, O; Higinbotham, D W; Holmstrom, T; Huang, J; Huang, M; Ibrahim, H F; Iodice, M; Jiang, X; Jin, G; Jones, M K; Katich, J; Kelleher, A; Kim, W; Kolarkar, A; Korsch, W; LeRose, J J; Li, X; Li, Y; Lindgren, R; Liyanage, N; Long, E; Lu, H -J; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; Marrone, S; McNulty, D; Meziani, Z -E; Michaels, R; Moffit, B; Munoz Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Narayan, A; Nelyubin, V; Norum, B; Oh, Y; Osipenko, M; Parno, D; Peng, J -C; Phillips, S K; Posik, M; Puckett, A J; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Rakhman, A; Ransome, R; Riordan, S; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Schulte, E; Shahinyan, A; Shabestari, M H; Sirca, S; Stepanyan, S; Subedi, R; Sulkosky, V; Tang, L -G; Tobias, A; Urciuoli, G M; Vilardi, I; Wang, K; Wojtsekhowski, B; Yan, X; Yao, H; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yuan, L; Zhan, X; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y -W; Zhao, B; Zheng, X; Zhu, L; Zhu, X; Zong, X
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first measurement of target single spin asymmetries of charged kaons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off a transversely polarized 3He target. Both the Collins and Sivers moments, which are related to the nucleon transversity and Sivers distributions, respectively, are extracted over the kinematic range of 0.1
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zhao, Y X; Wang, Y; Allada, K; Aniol, K; Annand, J R; Averett, T; Benmokhtar, F; Bertozzi, W; Bradshaw, P C; Bosted, P; Camsonne, A; Canan, M; Cates, G D; Chen, C; Chen, J -P; Chen, W; Chirapatpimol, K; Chudakov, E; Cisbani, E; Cornejo, J C; Cusanno, F; Dalton, M M; Deconinck, W; de Jager, C W; De Leo, R; Deng, X; Deur, A; Ding, H; Dolph, P A; Dutta, C; Dutta, D; El Fassi, L; Frullani, S; Gao, H; Garibaldi, F; Gaskell, D; Gilad, S; Gilman, R; Glamazdin, O; Golge, S; Guo, L; Hamilton, D; Hansen, O; Higinbotham, D W; Holmstrom, T; Huang, J; Huang, M; Ibrahim, H F; Iodice, M; Jiang, X; Jin, G; Jones, M K; Katich, J; Kelleher, A; Kim, W; Kolarkar, A; Korsch, W; LeRose, J J; Li, X; Li, Y; Lindgren, R; Liyanage, N; Long, E; Lu, H -J; Margaziotis, D J; Markowitz, P; Marrone, S; McNulty, D; Meziani, Z -E; Michaels, R; Moffit, B; Munoz Camacho, C; Nanda, S; Narayan, A; Nelyubin, V; Norum, B; Oh, Y; Osipenko, M; Parno, D; Peng, J -C; Phillips, S K; Posik, M; Puckett, A J; Qian, X; Qiang, Y; Rakhman, A; Ransome, R; Riordan, S; Saha, A; Sawatzky, B; Schulte, E; Shahinyan, A; Shabestari, M H; Sirca, S; Stepanyan, S; Subedi, R; Sulkosky, V; Tang, L -G; Tobias, A; Urciuoli, G M; Vilardi, I; Wang, K; Wojtsekhowski, B; Yan, X; Yao, H; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yuan, L; Zhan, X; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y -W; Zhao, B; Zheng, X; Zhu, L; Zhu, X; Zong, X
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first measurement of target single spin asymmetries of charged kaons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off a transversely polarized 3He target. Both the Collins and Sivers moments, which are related to the nucleon transversity and Sivers distributions, respectively, are extracted over the kinematic range of 0.1
Scattering of short laser pulses from trapped fermions
T. Wong; Ozgur Mustecaplioglu; L. You; M. Lewenstein
2000-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the scattering of intense short laser pulses off trapped cold fermionic atoms. We discuss the sensitivity of the scattered light to the quantum statistics of the atoms. The temperature dependence of the scattered light spectrum is calculated. Comparisons are made with a system of classical atoms who obey Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. We find the total scattering increases as the fermions become cooler but eventually tails off at very low temperatures (far below the Fermi temperature). At these low temperatures the fermionic degeneracy plays an important role in the scattering as it inhibits spontaneous emission into occupied energy levels below the Fermi surface. We demonstrate temperature dependent qualitative changes in the differential and total spectrum can be utilized to probe quantum degeneracy of trapped Fermi gas when the total number of atoms are sufficiently large $(\\geq 10^6)$. At smaller number of atoms, incoherent scattering dominates and it displays weak temperature dependence.
Scaling of the F_2 structure function in nuclei and quark distributions at x>1
N. Fomin; J. Arrington; D. B. Day; D. Gaskell; A. Daniel; J. Seely; R. Asaturyan; F. Benmokhtar; W. Boeglin; B. Boillat; P. Bosted; A. Bruell; M. H. S. Bukhari; M. E. Christy; E. Chudakov; B. Clasie; S. H. Connell; M. M. Dalton; D. Dutta; R. Ent; L. El Fassi; H. Fenker; B. W. Filippone; K. Garrow; C. Hill; R. J. Holt; T. Horn; M. K. Jones; J. Jourdan; N. Kalantarians; C. E. Keppel; D. Kiselev; M. Kotulla; R. Lindgren; A. F. Lung; S. Malace; P. Markowitz; P. McKee; D. G. Meekins; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; T. Navasardyan; G. Niculescu; Y. Okayasu; A. K. Opper; C. Perdrisat; D. H. Potterveld; V. Punjabi; X. Qian; P. E. Reimer; J. Roche; V. M. Rodriguez; O. Rondon; E. Schulte; E. Segbefia; K. Slifer; G. R. Smith; P. Solvignon; V. Tadevosyan; S. Tajima; L. Tang; G. Testa; R. Trojer; V. Tvaskis; W. F. Vulcan; C. Wasko; F. R. Wesselmann; S. A. Wood; J. Wright; X. Zheng
2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
We present new data on electron scattering from a range of nuclei taken in Hall C at Jefferson Lab. For heavy nuclei, we observe a rapid falloff in the cross section for $x>1$, which is sensitive to short range contributions to the nuclear wave-function, and in deep inelastic scattering corresponds to probing extremely high momentum quarks. This result agrees with higher energy muon scattering measurements, but is in sharp contrast to neutrino scattering measurements which suggested a dramatic enhancement in the distribution of the `super-fast' quarks probed at x>1. The falloff at x>1 is noticeably stronger in ^2H and ^3He, but nearly identical for all heavier nuclei.
Kim, Myung Soo
polyatomic ions at superthermal energy (10-10 000 eV)1-4 is attracting much attention because the phenomenon of simple polyatomic ions at superthermal energy,19-23 substantial deflections of projectile ions accompany
Ceyer, S.T.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
mounting block, (Q) Main chamber ion pump, (R) Main chamberJ) Primary buffer chamber, (K) Ion gauge, roughing port, (L)The main chamber is pumped by a 400 1/sec noble ion pump, a
Ceyer, S.T.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
due to the beam load and outgassing, mainly H 2 less steelbulk of the stain~ The outgassing rate of the walls of theThis procedure reduces the outgassing rate of stainless i 2
Test of two new parameterizations of the Generalized Parton Distribution $H$
C. Mezrag; H. Moutarde; F. Sabatié
2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
In 2011 Radyushkin outlined the practical implementation of the One-Component Double Distribution formalism in realistic Generalized Parton Distribution models. We compare the One-Component Double Distribution framework to the standard one and compute Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering observables for both. In particular the new implementation is more flexible, offering a greater range of variation of the real and imaginary parts of the associated Compton Form Factor while still allowing to recover results similar to the classical approach. Moreover the polynomiality property is satisfied up to the highest order. Although the comparison to experimental data may be improved, the One-Component Double Distribution modeling is thus an attractive alternative.
Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of neutron-alpha scattering
Kenneth M. Nollett; Steven C. Pieper; R. B. Wiringa; J. Carlson; G. M. Hale
2006-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a new method to treat low-energy scattering problems in few-nucleon systems, and we apply it to the five-body case of neutron-alpha scattering. The method allows precise calculations of low-lying resonances and their widths. We find that a good three-nucleon interaction is crucial to obtain an accurate description of neutron-alpha scattering.
Color transparency and Landshoff multiple-scattering processes
Botts, J. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA))
1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the following, the leading and nonleading contributions to fixed angle hadron-hadron elastic scattering are included in a qualitative analysis of {ital T}({ital s}), the transparency of {ital pN} quasielastic scattering. A simple model is given to predict the center-of-mass energies at which a target nuclei will become transparent to hard- and triple- (Landshoff-) scattered protons.
Yan, Yong [ORNL; Qian, Shuo [ORNL; Littrell, Ken [ORNL; Parish, Chad M [ORNL; Plummer, Lee K [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A non-destructive neutron scattering method to precisely measure the uptake of hydrogen and the distribution of hydride precipitates in light water reactor (LWR) fuel cladding was developed. Zircaloy-4 cladding used in commercial LWRs was used to produce hydrided specimens. The hydriding apparatus consists of a closed stainless steel vessel that contains Zr alloy specimens and hydrogen gas. Following hydrogen charging, the hydrogen content of the hydrided specimens was measured using the vacuum hot extraction method, by which the samples with desired hydrogen concentration were selected for the neutron study. Optical microscopy shows that our hydriding procedure results in uniform distribution of circumferential hydrides across the wall. Small angle neutron incoherent scattering was performed in the High Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Our study demonstrates that the hydrogen in commercial Zircaloy-4 cladding can be measured very accurately in minutes by this nondestructive method over a wide range of hydrogen concentrations from a very small amount ( 20 ppm) to over 1000 ppm. The hydrogen distribution in a tube sample was obtained by scaling the neutron scattering rate with a factor determined by a calibration process using standard, destructive direct chemical analysis methods on the specimens. This scale factor can be used in future tests with unknown hydrogen concentrations, thus providing a nondestructive method for absolute hydrogen concentration determination.
S. Charnoz A. Morbidelli
2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Oort Cloud, the Kuiper Belt and the Scattered Disk are dynamically distinct populations of small bodies evolving in the outer regions of the Solar System. Whereas their collisional activity is now quiet, gravitational interactions with giant planets may have shaped these populations both dynamically and collisionally during their formation. Using a hybrid approach (Charnoz & Morbidelli 2003), the present paper tries to couple the primordial collisional and dynamical evolution of these three populations in a self-consistent way. A critical parameter is the primordial size-distribution. We show that the initial planetesimal size distribution that allows an effective mass depletion of the Kuiper belt by collisional grinding, would decimate also the population of comet-size bodies that end in the Oort Cloud and, in particular, in the Scattered Disk. As a consequence, the Scattered Disk and the Oort Cloud would be too anemic, by a factor 20 to 100, relative to the estimates achieved from the observation of the fluxes of long period and Jupiter family comets, respectively. For these two reservoirs to have a sufficient number of comets, the initial size distribution in the planetesimal disk had to be such that the mass depletion by collisional erosion of in the Kuiper belt was negligible. Consequently, the current mass deficit of the Kuiper belt, needs to be explained by dynamical mechanisms.
Scattering theory approach to electrodynamic Casimir forces
Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Kardar, Mehran [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Emig, Thorsten [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS UMR 8626, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay cedex (France); Graham, Noah [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States); Jaffe, Robert L. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We give a comprehensive presentation of methods for calculating the Casimir force to arbitrary accuracy, for any number of objects, arbitrary shapes, susceptibility functions, and separations. The technique is applicable to objects immersed in media other than vacuum, nonzero temperatures, and spatial arrangements in which one object is enclosed in another. Our method combines each object's classical electromagnetic scattering amplitude with universal translation matrices, which convert between the bases used to calculate scattering for each object, but are otherwise independent of the details of the individual objects. The method is illustrated by rederiving the Lifshitz formula for infinite half-spaces, by demonstrating the Casimir-Polder to van der Waals crossover, and by computing the Casimir interaction energy of two infinite, parallel, perfect metal cylinders either inside or outside one another. Furthermore, it is used to obtain new results, namely, the Casimir energies of a sphere or a cylinder opposite a plate, all with finite permittivity and permeability, to leading order at large separation.
ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Morgan McCorkle Communications and Media Relations 865.574.7308 ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production This graphical...
Electromagnetic wave scattering by many conducting small particles
A. G. Ramm
2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
A rigorous theory of electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by small perfectly conducting particles is developed. The limiting case when the number of particles tends to infinity is discussed.
Signal evaluations using singular value decomposition for Thomson scattering diagnostics
Tojo, H., E-mail: tojo.hiroshi@jaea.go.jp; Yatsuka, E.; Hatae, T.; Itami, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan); Yamada, I.; Yasuhara, R.; Funaba, H.; Hayashi, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper provides a novel method for evaluating signal intensities in incoherent Thomson scattering diagnostics. A double-pass Thomson scattering system, where a laser passes through the plasma twice, generates two scattering pulses from the plasma. Evaluations of the signal intensities in the spectrometer are sometimes difficult due to noise and stray light. We apply the singular value decomposition method to Thomson scattering data with strong noise components. Results show that the average accuracy of the measured electron temperature (T{sub e}) is superior to that of temperature obtained using a low-pass filter (<20 MHz) or without any filters.
Coupled-channel scattering in 1 + 1 dimensional lattice model
Guo, Peng [JLAB
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the Lippmann-Schwinger equation approach, a generalized Lüscher’s formula in 1+1 dimensions for two particles scattering in both the elastic and coupled-channel cases in moving frames is derived. A two-dimensional coupled-channel scattering lattice model is presented, which represents a two-coupled-channel resonant scattering scalars system. The Monte Carlo simulation is performed on finite lattices and in various moving frames. The two-dimensional generalized Lüscher’s formula is used to extract the scattering amplitudes for the coupled-channel system from the discrete finite-volume spectrum.
Analysis Of Multiple Scattering At Vesuvius Volcano, Italy, Using...
Seismic Experiment Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Analysis Of Multiple Scattering At Vesuvius Volcano, Italy, Using Data Of...
Neutron-3H and Proton-3He Zero Energy Scattering
M. Viviani; S. Rosati; A. Kievsky
1998-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
The Kohn variational principle and the (correlated) Hyperspherical Harmonics technique are applied to study the n-3H and p-3He scattering at zero energy. Predictions for the singlet and triplet scattering lengths are obtained for non-relativistic nuclear Hamiltonians including two- and three-body potentials. The calculated n-3H total cross section agrees well with the measured value, while some small discrepancy is found for the coherent scattering length. For the p-3He channel, the calculated scattering lengths are in reasonable agreement with the values extrapolated from the measurements made above 1 MeV.
Inverse medium scattering for the Helmholtz equation at fixed ...
2005-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 23, 2012 ... More importantly, we give an explicit energy estimate for the scattered field, ...... We used the commonly used compressed row storage.
Numerical solution of inverse scattering for near-field optics
2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
May 2, 2007 ... tering problem that arises in near-field optics, which reconstructs the scatterer of an inhomogeneous me- dium located on a substrate from data ...
The Algebraic Approach to the Phase Problem for Neutron Scattering
A. Cervellino; S. Ciccariello
2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
The algebraic approach to the phase problem for the case of X-ray scattering from an ideal crystal is extended to the case of the neutron scattering, overcoming the difficulty related to the non-positivity of the scattering density. In this way, it is proven that the atomicity is the crucial assumption while the positiveness of the scattering density only affects the method for searching the basic sets of reflections. We also report the algebraic expression of the determinants of the Karle-Hauptman matrices generated by the basic sets with the most elongated shape along one of the reciprocal crystallographic axes.
Wavelet Analysis of Two Dimensional Quantum Scattering A thesis presented
Heller, Eric
Wavelet Analysis of Two Dimensional Quantum Scattering A thesis presented by Jonathan Dillwyn discretization based on the discrete wavelet transformation, which uses basis elements that can readily adapt
Proton-Proton Scattering at 340 MeV
Chamberlain, Owen; Wiegand, Clyde
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on Nuclear Physics. Basil. High yner gy Neutron- protonand Proton~proton Scattering 9 Helv. Phys. Acta (in press J a review
Photon production from the scattering of axions out of a solenoidal magnetic field
Guendelman, Eduardo I.; Shilon, Idan [Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Cantatore, Giovanni [Università and INFN Trieste, via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Zioutas, Konstantin, E-mail: guendel@bgu.ac.il, E-mail: silon@bgu.ac.il, E-mail: cantatore@trieste.infn.it, E-mail: Konstantin.Zioutas@cern.ch [Physics Department, University of Patras, Rio, 26504 Patras (Greece)
2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the total cross section for the production of photons from the scattering of axions by a strong inhomogeneous magnetic field in the form of a 2D ?-function, a cylindrical step function and a 2D Gaussian distribution, which can be approximately produced by a solenoidal current. The theoretical result is used to estimate the axion-photon conversion probability which could be expected in a reasonable experimental situation. Comparison between the 2D conversion probabilities for QCD inspired axions and those derived by applying the celebrated 1D calculation of the (inverse) coherent Primakoff effect is made using an averaging prescription procedure of the 1D case. We also consider scattering at a resonance E{sub axion} ? m{sub axion}, which corresponds to the scattering from a ?-function and gives the most enhanced results. Finally, we analyze the results of this work in the astrophysical extension to suggest a way in which they may be directed to a solution to some basic solar physics problems and, in particular, the coronal heating problem.
Pan, Jianjun [ORNL; Cheng, Xiaolin [ORNL; Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL; Mostofian, Barmak [ORNL; Kucerka, Norbert [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre and Comelius University (Slovakia); Drazba, Paul [ORNL; Katsaras, John [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Cholesterol and ether lipids are ubiquitous in mammalian cell membranes, and their interactions are crucial in ether lipid mediated cholesterol trafficking. We report on cholesterol s molecular interactions with ether lipids as determined using a combination of small-angle neutron and Xray scattering, and all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A scattering density profile model for an ether lipid bilayer was developed using MD simulations, which was then used to simultaneously fit the different experimental scattering data. From analysis of the data the various bilayer structural parameters were obtained. Surface area constrained MD simulations were also performed to reproduce the experimental data. This iterative analysis approach resulted in good agreement between the experimental and simulated form factors. The molecular interactions taking place between cholesterol and ether lipids were then determined from the validated MD simulations. We found that in ether membranes cholesterol primarily hydrogen bonds with the lipid headgroup phosphate oxygen, while in their ester membrane counterparts cholesterol hydrogen bonds with the backbone ester carbonyls. This different mode of interaction between ether lipids and cholesterol induces cholesterol to reside closer to the bilayer surface, dehydrating the headgroup s phosphate moiety. Moreover, the three-dimensional lipid chain spatial density distribution around cholesterol indicates anisotropic chain packing, causing cholesterol to tilt. These insights lend a better understanding of ether lipid-mediated cholesterol trafficking and the roles that the different lipid species have in determining the structural and dynamical properties of membrane associated biomolecules.
Cooling water distribution system
Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A passive containment cooling system for a nuclear reactor containment vessel. Disclosed is a cooling water distribution system for introducing cooling water by gravity uniformly over the outer surface of a steel containment vessel using an interconnected series of radial guide elements, a plurality of circumferential collector elements and collector boxes to collect and feed the cooling water into distribution channels extending along the curved surface of the steel containment vessel. The cooling water is uniformly distributed over the curved surface by a plurality of weirs in the distribution channels.
* Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2007 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM: MICHAEL W. OWEN
DIGITAL VISION & PHOTODISC Distributed
Simeone, Osvaldo
of scalability and energy efficiency and offers new opportunities through the interplay with specific distributed, to the advances in telegraphy and, later, wireless transmission. Railroad transportation, geodesy (measurement
Distribution of Correspondence
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
1996-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
Defines correct procedures for distribution of correspondence to the Naval Reactors laboratories. Does not cancel another directive. Expired 8-30-97.
Distributionally Robust Convex Optimization
2013-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
Distributionally Robust Convex Optimization. Wolfram Wiesemann1, Daniel Kuhn2, and Melvyn Sim3. 1Imperial College Business School, Imperial College ...
Analysis of Voltage Rise Effect on Distribution Network with Distributed
Pota, Himanshu Roy
Analysis of Voltage Rise Effect on Distribution Network with Distributed Generation M. A. Mahmud.hossain@adfa.edu.au, and H.Pota@adfa.edu.au). Abstract: Connections of distributed generation (DG) in distribution networks are increasing. These connections of distributed generation cause voltage rise in the distribution network
Extracting the transversity distributions from single-hadron and dihadron production
Anna Martin; Franco Bradamante; Vincenzo Barone
2015-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
We present a point-by-point determination of the valence transversity distributions from two different types of processes: single-hadron production and dihadron production, both in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering and e+e- annihilation. The extraction is based on some simple assumptions and does not require any parametrization. The transversity distributions obtained from Collins effect in single-hadron production and from interference effects in dihadron production are found to be compatible with each other.
Effects of anharmonic vibration on large-angle quasi-elastic scattering of 16O+144Sm
Muhammad Zamrun F.; K. Hagino
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects of double octupole and quadrupole phonon excitations in the 144Sm nucleus on quasi-elastic 16O+144Sm scattering at backward angles. To this end, we use the coupled-channels framework, taking into account explicitly the anharmonicities of the vibrations. We use the same coupling scheme as that previously employed to explain the experimental data of sub-barrier fusion cross sections for the same system. We show that the experimental data for the quasi-elastic cross sections are well reproduced in this way, although the quasi-elastic barrier distribution has a distinct high energy peak which is somewhat smeared in the experimental barrier distribution. We also discuss the effects of proton transfer on the quasi-elastic barrier distribution. Our study indicates that the fusion and quasi-elastic barrier distributions for this system cannot be accounted for simultaneously with the standard coupled-channels approach.
Nguyen, Hung T. [BioMaPS Institute for Quantitative Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States); Pabit, Suzette A.; Meisburger, Steve P.; Pollack, Lois [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Case, David A., E-mail: case@biomaps.rutgers.edu [BioMaPS Institute for Quantitative Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 (United States)
2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
A new method is introduced to compute X-ray solution scattering profiles from atomic models of macromolecules. The three-dimensional version of the Reference Interaction Site Model (RISM) from liquid-state statistical mechanics is employed to compute the solvent distribution around the solute, including both water and ions. X-ray scattering profiles are computed from this distribution together with the solute geometry. We describe an efficient procedure for performing this calculation employing a Lebedev grid for the angular averaging. The intensity profiles (which involve no adjustable parameters) match experiment and molecular dynamics simulations up to wide angle for two proteins (lysozyme and myoglobin) in water, as well as the small-angle profiles for a dozen biomolecules taken from the BioIsis.net database. The RISM model is especially well-suited for studies of nucleic acids in salt solution. Use of fiber-diffraction models for the structure of duplex DNA in solution yields close agreement with the observed scattering profiles in both the small and wide angle scattering (SAXS and WAXS) regimes. In addition, computed profiles of anomalous SAXS signals (for Rb{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+}) emphasize the ionic contribution to scattering and are in reasonable agreement with experiment. In cases where an absolute calibration of the experimental data at q = 0 is available, one can extract a count of the excess number of waters and ions; computed values depend on the closure that is assumed in the solution of the Ornstein–Zernike equations, with results from the Kovalenko–Hirata closure being closest to experiment for the cases studied here.
Selker, John
Spatially distributed temperatures at the base of two mountain snowpacks measured with fiber-optic sensors Scott W. TYLER,1 Susan A. BURAK,2 James P. MCNAMARA,3 Aurele LAMONTAGNE,3 John S. SELKER,4 Jeff, which use the scattered light in a standard telecommunications fiber-optic cable to infer absolute
Monochromatic imaging of scattered laser light from in situ generated particles in plasmas
Hareland, W.A.; Buss, R.J.; Brown, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Collins, S.M. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)] [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years, there has been a great deal of interest in the behavior of particles in plasmas because of the negative economic impact of contamination during processing of silicon for microelectronics manufacture. Here, spatially resolved images of particle distributions are measured in steady-state plasmas in a GEC (gaseous electronics conference) plasma reactor. Images are obtained by monochromatic imaging of scattered laser light using a microchannel plate (MCP) image intensifier and a high-speed video camera. The observed distributions of particulates generated by adding small quantities of CHF{sub 3} to an argon plasma are extremely complex and diverse. The patterns observed are temporally varying, and rarely as simple as domes and rings observed in other reactors. The forces acting on the particles are sufficiently complex that reproducing specific spatial patterns by controlling processing parameters if often impossible.
Elastic scattering measurements for {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al system at RIBRAS facility
Morcelle, V. [Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Depto de Fisica Nuclear, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Lichtenthaeler, R.; Morais, M. C.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Gasques, L.; Pires, K. C. C.; Condori, R. P. [Depto de Fisica Nuclear, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C. P. 66318, 05389-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Gomes, P. R. S.; Lubian, J.; Mendes, D. R. Jr. [Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barioni, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Bahia (Brazil); Shorto, J. M. B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares- IPEN, 05508-000, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Zamora, J. C. [Departament of Physics, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany)
2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
Elastic scattering angular distribution measurements of {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al system were performed at the laboratory energy of 15.6 MeV. The {sup 7}Be secondary beam was produced by the proton transfer reaction {sup 3}He({sup 6}Li,{sup 7}Be) and impinged on {sup 27}Al and {sup 197}Au targets, using the Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) facility, RIBRAS. The elastic angular distribution was obtained within the angular range of 15{sup 0} - 80{sup 0} at the center of mass frame. Optical model calculations have been performed using the Woods- Saxon form factors and the Sao Paulo potential to fit the experimental data. The total reaction cross section was derived.
Sivers asymmetries for inclusive pion and kaon production in deep-inelastic scattering
Ellis, John [Theory Division, Physics Department, CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Hwang, Dae Sung [Department of Physics, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747 (Korea, Republic of); Kotzinian, Aram [CEA DAPNIA/SPhN Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Yerevan Physics Institute, 375036 Yerevan (Armenia)
2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the Sivers distribution functions induced by the final-state interaction due to one-gluon exchange in diquark models of a nucleon structure, treating the cases of scalar and axial-vector diquarks with both dipole and Gaussian form factors. We use these distribution functions to calculate the Sivers single-spin asymmetries for inclusive pion and kaon production in deep-inelastic scattering. We compare our calculations with the results of HERMES and COMPASS, finding good agreement for {pi}{sup +} production at HERMES, and qualitative agreement for {pi}{sup 0} and K{sup +} production. Our predictions for pion and kaon production at COMPASS could be probed with increased statistics. The successful comparison of our calculations with the HERMES data constitutes prima facie evidence that the quarks in the nucleon have some orbital angular momentum in the infinite-momentum frame.