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1

U.S. Energy Information Administration / 2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration / 2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report 2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report Release Date: May 16, 2013 Next Release Date: May 2014 2010 2011 2012 American Fuel Resources, LLC Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management) Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management) AREVA NC, Inc. (was COGEMA, Inc.) American Fuel Resources, LLC American Fuel Resources, LLC BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd AREVA NC, Inc. AREVA NC, Inc. CAMECO BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd ConverDyn CAMECO CAMECO Denison Mines Corp. ConverDyn ConverDyn Energy Resources of Australia Ltd. Denison Mines Corp. Energy Fuels Resources Energy USA, Inc. Effective Energy N.V.

2

Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Uranium sellers to owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors, 2010-2012 2010 2011 2012 4. Uranium sellers to owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors, 2010-2012 2010 2011 2012 American Fuel Resources, LLC Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management) Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management) AREVA NC, Inc. (was COGEMA, Inc.) American Fuel Resources, LLC American Fuel Resources, LLC BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd AREVA NC, Inc. AREVA NC, Inc. CAMECO BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd ConverDyn CAMECO CAMECO Denison Mines Corp. ConverDyn ConverDyn Energy Resources of Australia Ltd. Denison Mines Corp. Energy Fuels Resources Energy USA, Inc. Effective Energy N.V. Energy Resources of Australia Ltd.

3

"2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Uranium sellers to owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors, 2010-2012" 4. Uranium sellers to owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors, 2010-2012" 2010,2011,2012 "American Fuel Resources, LLC","Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management)","Advance Uranium Asset Management Ltd. (was Uranium Asset Management)" "AREVA NC, Inc. (was COGEMA, Inc.)","American Fuel Resources, LLC","American Fuel Resources, LLC" "BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd","AREVA NC, Inc.","AREVA NC, Inc." "CAMECO","BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd","BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Corporation Pty Ltd" "ConverDyn","CAMECO","CAMECO" "Denison Mines Corp.","ConverDyn","ConverDyn"

4

Olympic voting system proposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to address the contentious issue of judged Olympic events, the Olympic committee has proposed a pilot audience participation system to score the gymnastics and diving competitions in the upcoming 2004 Athens Summer Games. The system would ... Keywords: Olympics usability, audience, design methodology, ergonomics, industrial design, interaction design, interactive, interface, voting

Seamus Costello; Kari Kubala; Matt Turley; Mehmet Uzer

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Olympic Robot Building Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 1989 AI Lab Winter Olympics will take a slightly different twist from previous Olympiads. Although there will still be a dozen or so athletic competitions, the annual talent show finale will now be a display not ...

Flynn, Anita

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Sustainability transformations in Olympic host cities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Olympic Games represent an unparalleled fast-track urban development opportunity for Olympic host cities. Taking the premise that the transformational effect of the Olympics has a potential to drive long-term urban ...

Mokrushina, Ksenia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Foreign investors play large role in U.S. shale industry ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline, heating oil ... as the Australian BHP Billiton oil company's acquisition of Petrohawk ... in a stable market with a sound legal system and low ...

8

Metric in Sports: Olympic Educational Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Join the fun! This site sponsors a collection of websites providing links to cross curriculum activities with an Olympic theme. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

9

A flexible system for Olympic villages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis suggests a flexible system and its systems approach in constructing Olympic Villages which are used both during and after the Games. A historical overview of ancient Olympia and modern Olympia, as well as a ...

Chung, Se-Hack

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Development of a Cummins ISL Natural Gas Engine at 1.4g/bhp-hr NOx + NMHC Using PLUS Technology: Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL subcontractor report describes Cummins Westport, Inc.'s development of an 8.9 L natural gas engine (320 hp, 1,000 ft-lb peak torque) with CARB emissions certification of 1.4 g/bhp-hr NOx + NMHC.

Kamel, M. M.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

How to prepare an airport for the Olympic Games? : transportation of the Olympic Family Members  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes and assesses the preparation of Athens International Airport for and its performance during the Olympic Games in 2004. The analysis includes infrastructural modifications made and organizational ...

Kassens, Eva

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and...

13

Restoring erosional features in the desert  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article explains how BHP Billiton adopted newly developed technologies for topographic (modelling) design and automated machine control to achieve dramatic results in productivity in its award-winning reclamation project at La Plata, NM, USA. The project began in 2003. In 2004 the Department of the Interior recognised BHP Billiton's San Juan Coal Company with two reclamation awards for its work - a 'National' and the 'Best of Best'. 1 fig., 6 photos.

NONE

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

iVo: interactive voting for the Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the creation of an interactive audience voting system, iVo. The device is intended for diving and gymnastics events during the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. iVo is adaptable and can be incorporated into a wider range of ... Keywords: Olympics usability, audience, design methodology, ergonomics, industrial design, interaction design, interactive, interface, voting

Steve Aboud; Michael Albers; Tyler Nemes

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Sydney Olympic Park 2000 to 2010: History and Legacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

717 · Petersham NSW 2049 · Australia Tel. 612 9560 6902 · Fax 612 9560 6902 Email · info Published by Walla Walla Press, Petersham, NSW. Successive summer Olympic Games have staged the flame Press, Petersham, NSW in conjunction with ZeNaNa Press and the Centre for Olympic Studies, UNSW

University of Technology, Sydney

16

Photo of the Week: I, Robot Olympics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I, Robot Olympics I, Robot Olympics Photo of the Week: I, Robot Olympics January 11, 2013 - 2:46pm Addthis Last week, students from dozens of local Tennessee high schools gathered at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility to check out the game field that they'll be working with in the next six weeks. This year, the young engineers' challenges include building robots that can throw discs and climb pyramids. Learn more about the 2013 FIRST Robotics Competition. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Last week, students from dozens of local Tennessee high schools gathered at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility to

17

Design for reuse : post occupancy of Olympic stadiums  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the surface, the spirit of Olympic Games is about the competition for medals. Underneath the surface, however, lies a series of political, economical, social agendas. Individual Olympians represent their Nations. Rising ...

Lin, George X. (George Xinxin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Marine Forecasting at the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A team of meteorologists from the United States, Canada, and Australia provided marine weather support to the sailing events of the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games, held in Wassaw Sound near Savannah, Georgia. The team conducted research on the ...

Mark D. Powell; Stephen K. Rinard

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Weather Services, Science Advances, and the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Olympics inspire greatness. "Swifter, Higher, Stronger" applies not only to the athletes but sets the tone for everyone associated with the games, including the weather service providers. The Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games of 2010 will ...

Paul Joe; Chris Doyle; Al Wallace; Stewart G. Cober; Bill Scott; George A. Isaac; Trevor Smith; Jocelyn Mailhot; Brad Snyder; Stephane Belair; Quinton Jansen; Bertrand Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Case Study of Processes Impacting Precipitation Phase and Intensity during the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate forecasting of precipitation phase and intensity was critical information for many of the Olympic venue managers during the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. Precipitation forecasting was complicated because of the ...

Julie M. Thriault; Roy Rasmussen; Trevor Smith; Ruping Mo; Jason A. Milbrandt; Melinda M. Brugman; Paul Joe; George A. Isaac; Jocelyn Mailhot; Bertrand Denis

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Local-Domain Mesoscale Analysis and Forecast Model Support for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Weather Service (NWS) developed the Olympic Weather Support System (OWSS) to provide specialized operational weather support for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta. Operational implementation of the National Oceanic and ...

John S. Snook; Peter A. Stamus; James Edwards; Zaphiris Christidis; John A. McGinley

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Parable on Ice: Hockey, Capitalism and American Decadence at the Lake Placid Olympics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Paul, Jr. , Brilliant Hockey Youngsters Gave AmericaCo-captains Report on Olympic Hockey Team1976, letter toGold: How the U.S. Olympic Hockey Team Won at Lake Placid (

Jacobson, Zachary Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Environment Canada's Experimental Numerical Weather Prediction Systems for the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games took place in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, on 1228 February and 1221 March 2010, respectively. Weather forecasting presents specific challenges at the various Olympic venues, which are ...

J. Mailhot; S. Blair; M. Charron; C. Doyle; P. Joe; M. Abrahamowicz; N. B. Bernier; B. Denis; A. Erfani; R. Frenette; A. Gigure; G. A. Isaac; N. McLennan; R. McTaggart-Cowan; J. Milbrandt; L. Tong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design July 26, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Olympic stadium, with a roof made of 2,500 tons of steel tubing from recycled gas pipelines, is one example of sustainable design that is part of London's 500-acre Olympic Park. | Photo courtesy of iStock user Johnny Greig. Olympic stadium, with a roof made of 2,500 tons of steel tubing from recycled gas pipelines, is one example of sustainable design that is part of London's 500-acre Olympic Park. | Photo courtesy of iStock user Johnny

25

2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, 2 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design July 26, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Olympic stadium, with a roof made of 2,500 tons of steel tubing from recycled gas pipelines, is one example of sustainable design that is part of London's 500-acre Olympic Park. | Photo courtesy of iStock user Johnny Greig. Olympic stadium, with a roof made of 2,500 tons of steel tubing from recycled gas pipelines, is one example of sustainable design that is part of London's 500-acre Olympic Park. | Photo courtesy of iStock user Johnny Greig.

26

Weather Support for the 2002 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2002 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games will be hosted by Salt Lake City, Utah, during February-March 2002. Adverse weather during this period may delay sporting events, while snow and ice-covered streets and highways may impede access by ...

J. Horel; T. Potter; L. Dunn; W. J. Steenburgh; M. Eubank; M. Splitt; D. J. Onton

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Branded sports sovereignty: A critical media approach to Puerto Rican Olympic sports.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work studies the concept and idea of sports sovereignty and its application for Puerto Rican Olympic sports representations. A critical mass media approach is (more)

Diaz-Torres, Rafael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

TransForum v5n1 - Argonne Hosts Chinese-American Olympics Planning...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from factories and cars and are planting more trees for a cleaner environment," said Fan Baoyuan, Beijing's Vice Mayor. Beijing Olympics Delegation The Chinese members of the...

29

Forecasting Sun versus Shade in Complex Terrain for the 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in Canada, there were 10 mostly sunny days at the outdoor Olympic venues. The warmth and sunshine, possibly a result of El Nio conditions at the time, significantly reduced snow cover at one ...

Rosie Howard; Roland Stull

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

An Overview of the Beijing 2008 Olympics Research and Development Project (B08RDP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Beijing 2008 Olympics Research and Development Project (B08RDP), initiated in 2004 under the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) World Weather Research Programme (WWRP), undertook the research and development of mesoscale ensemble prediction ...

Yihong Duan; Jiandong Gong; Jun Du; Martin Charron; Jing Chen; Guo Deng; Geoff DiMego; Masahiro Hara; Masaru Kunii; Xiaoli Li; Yinglin Li; Kazuo Saito; Hiromu Seko; Yong Wang; Christoph Wittmann

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

CHANGES OF ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OVER BEIJING2008 Olympic Monitoring Campaign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Before and during the 2008 Beijing Olympics from June to September, ground-based and satellite monitoring were carried out over Beijing and its vicinity (BIV) in a campaign to quantify the outcomes of various emission control measures. These ...

X. Y. Zhang; Y. Q. Wang; W. L. Lin; Y. M. Zhang; X. C. Zhang; P. Zhao; Y. Q. Yang; J. Z. Wang; Q. Hou; H. Z. Che; J. P. Guo; Y. Li; S. Gong; X. L. Zhang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Wind Forecasting for the Sailing Events at the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology was the official provider of weather services for the 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Sydney, Australia. The sailing events took place on Sydney Harbor and an offshore area adjacent to the harbor ...

Elly Spark; Gregory J. Connor

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Sydney 2000 Olympic Games Forecast Demonstration Project: Forecasting, Observing Network Infrastructure, and Data Processing Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sydney 2000 Olympic Games World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project (WWRP FDP) aimed to demonstrate the utility and impact of modern nowcast systems. The project focused on the use of radar processing systems and ...

Peter T. May; Thomas D. Keenan; Rod Potts; James W. Wilson; Rob Webb; Andrew Treloar; Elly Spark; Sue Lawrence; Elizabeth Ebert; John Bally; Paul Joe

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Small-Scale Spatial Gradients in Climatological Precipitation on the Olympic Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persistent, 10-km-scale gradients in climatological precipitation tied to topography are documented with a finescale rain and snow gauge network in the Matheny Ridge area of the Olympic Mountains of Washington State. Precipitation totals are 50% ...

Alison M. Anders; Gerard H. Roe; Dale R. Durran; Justin R. Minder

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A real options analysis of Olympic Village development : how design flexibility adds value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies past research on real options - a right, but not an obligation to take some action on a real asset in the future - to a very specific type of real estate development related to Olympic Village development. ...

Martinson, Robert J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Olympic Summer Games and Broadcast Rights. Evolution and Challenges in the New Media Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract:The project offers a historical overview of the importance of broadcasting for the development and dissemination of the Olympic Movement and its ideals. It also analyses the role of revenue from television broadcast rights in the Olympic Movement. Communication-related revenue (broadcast rights and sponsorship) accounts for 85 % of the Olympic Movement's total income, most of which is distributed among International Federations, National Olympic Committees and Olympic Solidarity. It was under Juan Antonio Samaranch's mandate that the IOC took control of negotiations over broadcast rights. The implementation of long-term broadcast rights contracts led to an exponential increase in revenue and greater stability over time. The first nine years of Jacques Rogge's mandate as President of the IOC represent a period of financial success in terms of income. Within the European context, they also represent a break with the model of collective sales to public television networks, replacing the public service model with the universal service model. The dynamics of New Media require an adaptation of the traditional and exclusive model of territorial intellectual property rights to make it more flexible and allow young people to rework and share Olympic images. This requires changes to the way

Revista Latina; Comunicacin Social; Emilio Fernndez Pea

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

egi.utah.edu | EGI ... the science to find energy EGIDirector@egi.utah.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-McMoran Oil & Gas GDF Suez Greenshale Energy Hess Hunt Oil Inpex Corporation Japex JOGMEC KNOC Kosmos Energy Professor Addax Petroleum Afren Africa Oil Anadarko Apache AWE Bashneft Beach Energy BG Group BHP Billiton BP Cairn India Casa Exploration Chevron Cobalt International ConocoPhillips Delonex Energy Devon DNO

38

Identification and Characterization of Near-Term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corp. Texas Instruments DALGlobal Services NACCO Materials Handling Group Inc. DTE Energy Marzetti Transbotics, Inc Giant Eagle BHP Billiton - San Juan Coal Co. Nilfisk-Advance Children's Hospital Meijer Columbia ParCar Corp. Mittal Steel (Slab Product Plant) Limited Brands Inc. The Toro Company (Commercial

39

Choices and benefits : alternative access and venue sites for İstanbul Olympics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is based on the idea that the Olympics, a global mega-project that interrupts and re-channels the forces of urban evolution in its host city, can be planned in ways that bring long-term benefits to that city. ...

Alkan, zgr, BaŸ ak, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Near-Surface and Land Surface Forecast System of the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution 2D near-surface and land surface model was developed to produce snow and temperature forecasts over the complex alpine region of the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. The model is driven by downscaled ...

Natacha B. Bernier; Stphane Blair; Bernard Bilodeau; Linying Tong

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cross evaluation using weight restrictions in unitary input DEA models: theoretical aspects and application to olympic games ranking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is no official method to establish a final ranking for the Olympic Games. The usual ranking is based on the Lexicographic Multicriteria Method, the main drawback of which is to overvalue gold medals. Furthermore, it does not take into account the ... Keywords: cross evaluation, data envelopment analysis, ranking, unitary input, weights restrictions

Joo Carlos Correia Baptista Soares De Mello; Eliane Gonalves Gomes; Lidia Angulo Meza; Luiz Biondi Neto

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

An Eight-Year Lightning Climatology of the Southeast United States Prepared for the 1996 Summer Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 1996 Summer Olympics will be held in the Atlanta, Georgia, vicinity and several other sites in the southeast United States between 19 July and 4 August 1996. This period coincides with the peak thunderstorm season, so the threat of lightning ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ronald L. Holle

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Microsoft Word - CX-SouthTacomaSubstationOlympicPipelineFenceUpgrade_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2011 7, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Timothy Wicks Realty Specialist - TERR-Covington Proposed Action: Grant the Olympic Pipeline Company permission to upgrade an existing fence along the northern property line of Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) South Tacoma Substation to enhance security. PP&A Project No.: PP&A-2054 Budget Information: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.11 Fencing, no adverse effect on wildlife movement/surface water flow. Installation of fencing, including that for border marking that will not adversely affect wildlife movements or surface water flow. Location: S36 T9N R3E WM, in Pierce County, Washington. BPA Parcel #STAC-SS-SY

44

Monitoring of Olympic National Park Beaches to determine fate and effects of spilled bunker C fuel oil  

SciTech Connect

On December 23, 1988, the barge Nestucca was accidentally struck by its tow, a Souse Brothers Towing Company tug, releasing approximately 230,000 gallons of Bunker C fuel oil and fouling beaches from Grays Harbor north to Vancouver Island. Affected beaches in Washington included a 40-mile-long strip that has been recently added to Olympic National Park. The purpose of the monitoring program documented in this report was to determine the fate of spilled Bunker C fuel oil on selected Washington coastal beaches. We sought to determine (1) how much oil remained in intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats following clean-up and weathering, (2) to what extent intertidal and/or shallow subtidal biotic assemblages have been contaminated, and (3) how rapidly the oil has left the ecosystem. 45 refs., 18 figs., 8 tabs.

Strand, J.A.; Cullinan, V.I.; Crecelius, E.A.; Fortman, T.J.; Citterman, R.J.; Fleischmann, M.L.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Technology Transfer: Success Stories: Licensed Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Licensed Technologies Licensed Technologies Here are some of our licensees and the technologies they are commercializing; see our Start-Up Company page for more of our technology licenses. Company (Licensee) Technology Life Technologies Corp. Cell lines for breast cancer research Bristol Myers Squibb; Novartis; Plexxikon Inc.; Wyeth Research; GlaxoSmithKline; Johnson & Johnson; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Genzyme Software for automated macromolecular crystallography Shell International Exploration and Production; ConnocoPhillips Company; StatOil ASA; Schlumburger Technology Corportation; BHP Billiton Ltd.; Chevron Energy Technology Company; EniTecnologie S.p.A. Geo-Hydrophysical modeling software Microsoft Home Energy Saver software distribution Kalinex Colorimetric bioassay

46

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 2006 January 2006 *Sequestration in the News *Geology *Terrestrial *Legislative Activity *Science *Technology *Trading *Events and Announcements *Policy *Ocean *Recent Publications *Contact Information Sequestration in the News THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION NEWSLETTER http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/carbon_seq/index.html Page 1 Department of Energy Press Release, "FutureGen Project Launched." In a press release issued on December 6, Sec- retary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced the official "kick off" of the FutureGen project by the Department of En- ergy with the signing of the FutureGen Industrial Alliance agreement. The FutureGen Industrial Alliance consists of: American Electric Power (Columbus, OH); BHP Billiton

47

2000 Topcite Olympics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 8 180 140 6233 15,731,000 349 22, 185 Israel 0 1 90 153 6236 5,433,000 102 18, 774 Poland 0 1 52 86 8666 38,793,000 263 6, 779 Belgium 0 1 24 55 3977 10,082,000 236 23, 408...

48

2004 Topcite Olympics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 12 185 476 7132 8878085 227 25568 Japan 4 33 492 1328 42606 127214499 3550 27905 Poland 3 13 229 614 12371 38622660 368 9528 Denmark 2 12 165 449 5429 5384384 155 28786...

49

SAS Output  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012" Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012" "Rank","Controlling Company Name","Production (thousand short tons)","Percent of Total Production" 1,"Peabody Energy Corp",192563,18.9 2,"Arch Coal Inc",136992,13.5 3,"Alpha Natural Resources LLC",104306,10.3 4,"Cloud Peak Energy",90721,8.9 5,"CONSOL Energy Inc",55752,5.5 6,"Alliance Resource Operating Partners LP",35406,3.5 7,"Energy Future Holdings Corp",31032,3.1 8,"Murray Energy Corp",29216,2.9 9,"NACCO Industries Inc",28207,2.8 10,"Patriot Coal Corp",23946,2.4 11,"Peter Kiewit Sons Inc",22725,2.2 12,"Westmoreland Coal Co",22215,2.2 13,"BHP Billiton Ltd",12580,1.2

50

Table 10. Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012 Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 10. Major U.S. Coal Producers, 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Rank Controlling Company Name Production (thousand short tons) Percent of Total Production 1 Peabody Energy Corp 192,563 18.9 2 Arch Coal Inc 136,992 13.5 3 Alpha Natural Resources LLC 104,306 10.3 4 Cloud Peak Energy 90,721 8.9 5 CONSOL Energy Inc 55,752 5.5 6 Alliance Resource Operating Partners LP 35,406 3.5 7 Energy Future Holdings Corp 31,032 3.1 8 Murray Energy Corp 29,216 2.9 9 NACCO Industries Inc 28,207 2.8 10 Patriot Coal Corp 23,946 2.4 11 Peter Kiewit Sons Inc 22,725 2.2 12 Westmoreland Coal Co 22,215 2.2 13 BHP Billiton Ltd 12,580 1.2 14 Walter Energy Inc 11,220 1.1 15 Cline Group (The) 9,230

51

Mines in the Four Corners anticipate growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Productive mines in the southwest deplete reserves, while the government drags its heels on new power projects. Production in Arizona and New Mexico has fallen 18% over the last four years to 34.1 million tons. With Chevron Mining's McKinley mine rapidly depleting its reserves the industry will continue to contract. In the last three years at least three large mines in the Four Corners have terminated operations. Three others remain captive operations: BHP Billiton's San Juan Underground and Navajo Surface operations and Peabody Energy's Kayenta surface mine. In 2006 the Black Mesa mine stopped producing coal. These four mines are isolated from the national railways. Peabody's new El Segundo surface mine near Grants, NM is increasing production. If the planned $3 billion Desert Rock coal-fired power plant is built this will present a new market for the Navajo mine. The article gives details about the state of the aforementioned mines and of the new King II coal mine on the northern periphery of the San Juan basin and discusses the state of plans for the Desert Rock Energy Project. 5 photos.

Buchsbaum, L.

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

NIST Goes the Distance for the Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Blackburn's group performs about 40 calibrations annually, mostly for the petroleum and measuring tape manufacturing industry. ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

53

Salt Mechanics Primer for Near-Salt and Sub-Salt Deepwater Gulf of Mexico Field Developments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is the most active deepwater region in the world and provides some of the greatest challenges in scope and opportunity for the oil and gas industry. The complex geologic settings and significant water and reservoir depths necessitate high development costs, in addition to requiring innovating technology. The investment costs are substantial: because of the extreme water depths (up to 8000 feet) and considerable reservoir depths (to 30,000 feet below mudline), the cost of drilling a single well can be upwards of 50 to 100 million dollars. Central, therefore, to successful economic exploitation are developments with a minimum number of wells combined with a well service lifetime of twenty to thirty years. Many of the wells that are planned for the most significant developments will penetrate thick salt formations, and the combined drilling costs for these fields are estimated in the tens of billions of dollars. In May 2001, Sandia National Laboratories initiated a Joint Industry Project focused on the identification, quantification, and mitigation of potential well integrity issues associated with sub-salt and near-salt deepwater GoM reservoirs. The project is jointly funded by the DOE (Natural Gas and Oil Technology Partnership) and nine oil companies (BHP Billiton Petroleum, BP, ChevronTexaco, Conoco, ExxonMobil, Halliburton, Kerr-McGee, Phillips Petroleum, and Shell). This report provides an assessment of the state of the art of salt mechanics, and identifies potential well integrity issues relevant to deepwater GoM field developments. Salt deformation is discussed and a deformation mechanism map is provided for salt. A bounding steady-state strain rate contour map is constructed for deepwater GoM field developments, and the critical issue of constraint in the subsurface, and resultant necessity for numerical analyses is discussed.

FOSSUM, ARLO F.; FREDRICH, JOANNE T.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Advanced Materials Are a Game Changer in the Winter Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 18, 2010 ... SBSV athletes and the CITIUS endure the wind tunnel test, where the .... in sports materials technology may be launched by the power of small.

55

Annual Report 2012 Table of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Billiton, BP, Total, Anadarko, PEMEX, Chevron, Schlumberger, Korea National Oil Corporation, and the U .S and expected industry sponsors include: Baker Hughes, Pemex, BG Group, Petrobras, Chevron, Qatar Petroleum

Behmer, Spencer T.

56

Directory Challenge '97 Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... EMA Coordinators Paul Moniz and Tracy Campos WEMA Regional Coordinators Colin Robbins, NEXOR (for EEMA) Terry Brain, BHP Information ...

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

57

Welcome  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cylinders Operation & Construction parallel Separations Building Module 1003 Utility Fuel Cycle Management Diverse Contract Portfolio Cameco, Areva, Kazatomprom, BHP, RTU,...

58

Advanced Materials Are a GameChanger in the Winter Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has no engine and derives its kinetic energy solely from the gravitational .... full composite hockey sticks were introduced onto the market about ten years ago, ... and TMS member for the insights and background information he contributed to...

59

Nowcasting Challenges during the Beijing Olympics: Successes, Failures, and Implications for Future Nowcasting Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Beijing 2008 Forecast Demonstration Project (B08FDP) included a variety of nowcasting systems from China, Australia, Canada, and the United States. A goal of the B08FDP was to demonstrate state-of-the-art nowcasting systems within a mutual ...

James W. Wilson; Yerong Feng; Min Chen; Rita D. Roberts

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

www.transportation.anl.gov Argonne Hosts Chinese-American Olympics Planning Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas (CNG) can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (g-CO2 equivalent/ mile) by ~21%. Converting NG on CNG or liquefied natural gas (LNG). Current ICEs will need to be modified for use with NG, however for the use of NG in transportation: 1. CNG NGV hybrid: 28% efficiency, 250-mile range; 2. NG H2 FCV

Kemner, Ken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pacific Northwest GridWise Testbed Demonstration Projects; Part I. Olympic Peninsula Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the implementation and results of a field demonstration wherein residential electric water heaters and thermostats, commercial building space conditioning, municipal water pump loads, and several distributed generators were coordinated to manage constrained feeder electrical distribution through the two-way communication of load status and electric price signals. The field demonstration took place in Washington and Oregon and was paid for by the U.S. Department of Energy and several northwest utilities. Price is found to be an effective control signal for managing transmission or distribution congestion. Real-time signals at 5-minute intervals are shown to shift controlled load in time. The behaviors of customers and their responses under fixed, time-of-use, and real-time price contracts are compared. Peak loads are effectively reduced on the experimental feeder. A novel application of portfolio theory is applied to the selection of an optimal mix of customer contract types.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Ambrosio, Ron; Carlon, Teresa A.; DeSteese, John G.; Horst, Gale R.; Kajfasz, Robert; Kiesling, Laura L.; Michie, Preston; Pratt, Robert G.; Yao, Mark; Brous, Jerry; Chassin, David P.; Guttromson, Ross T.; Jarvegren, Olof M.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Le, N. T.; Oliver, Terry V.; Thompson, Sandra E.

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

62

Response of Stratified Flow in the Lee of the Olympic Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of stratified air flowing around an isolated mountain is dependent on an internal Froude number (F), which indicates the relative importance of upstream velocity and vertical stratification. Three cases of the flow in the lee of the ...

Bernard A. Walter Jr.; James E. Overland

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Mack LNG vehicle development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to install a production-ready, state-of-the-art engine control system on the Mack E7G natural gas engine to improve efficiency and lower exhaust emissions. In addition, the power rating was increased from 300 brake horsepower (bhp) to 325 bhp. The emissions targets were oxides of nitrogen plus nonmethane hydrocarbons of less than 2.5 g/bhp-hr and particulate matter of less than 0.05 g/bhp-hr on 99% methane. Vehicle durability and field testing were also conducted. Further development of this engine should include efficiency improvements and oxides of nitrogen reductions.

Southwest Research Institute

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

64

TMS e-News: The monthly electronic newsletter for TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the 2010 Winter Olympics in full-swing, JOM looks at the role of advanced materials in Olympic competitions like bobsledding, aerial skiing, and hockey.

65

1000 years of the olympic games: treasures of ancient Greece. digital reconstruction at the home of the gods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: 3D, Zeus, anaglyph, ancient Olympia, digital, digital cultural heritage, heritage, laser scan, panoramic photography, polarised, three dimensions, virtual reconstruction, web, zoomable

Sarah Kenderdine

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Olympic Sculpture Park - Seattle, WA by Weiss/Manfredi Architecture/Landscape/Urbanism [EDRA/Places Awards 2008 -- Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Park 2008 EDRA/Places Awards with Metropolis Design VisitorsIt stands for what this award is about. Dennis Frenchman:Park 2008 EDRA/Places Awards with Metropolis Design plines,

Huber, Nicole

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Performance of Hot Plate for measuring Solid Precipitation in Complex Terrain during the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid precipitation intensity, snow density, wind speed, and temperature were collected from November 2009 to February 2010 at a naturally sheltered station located at an altitude of 1640 m ASL on Whistler Mountain in British Colombia, Canada. The ...

Faisal S. Boudala; Roy Rasmussen; George A. Isaac; Bill Scott

68

Energy Demands and Efficiency Strategies in Data Center Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 1. Figure 3-3 presents the design fan curve for one of 16be relatively minor. Building design fan curves indicate ato the building fan curves the design brake horsepower (BHP)

Shehabi, Arman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Riser, pipelines installed in Griffin field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mooring riser and flow lines along with a 67-km, 8-in., gas-export pipelines have been installed offshore Australia for BHP Petroleum's Griffin field development. The 66-km gas line will carry Griffin field gas to an onshore gas-processing plant. Completing the projects ahead of schedule was Clough Stena Joint Venture (Asia), Perth. BHP awarded the contracts in early 1993; the project was completed in January this year. The paper describes the contractor, pipeline installation, and handling equipment.

Not Available

1994-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

70

The development of a GIS methodology to assess the potential for water resource contamination due to new development in the 2012 Olympic Park site, London  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Initial Screening Tool (IST) has been developed to enable Planners to assess the potential risk to ground and surface water due to remobilisation of contaminants by new developments. The IST is a custom built GIS application that improves upon previous ... Keywords: Contaminated land, GIS, Ground water, Part IIa of the Environmental Protection Act (1990), Screening tool, Surface water

A. P. Marchant; V. J. Banks; K. R. Royse; S. P. Quigley

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Transactive Control Demand Response - Available Technologies ...  

State of Development & Availability. Software tested and demonstrated in the Olympic Peninsula Smart Grid Demonstration Project. Currently being ...

72

Heated muds solve squeezing-salt problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Squeezing salts have been responsible for major drilling problems in many areas of the world for over half a century. In NAM's area of operations, they occur primarily in the Zechstein group of evaporites. They are responsible for problems such as stuck pipe during drilling and casing failure during both drilling and casing failure during both drilling and production, sometimes as much as 12 years after drilling. Since 1960, some US $170 million (at 1992 drilling costs) have been spent redrilling wells with failed casing strings. In 1991, NAM was associated with a Billiton project to drill 2 wells for the solution mining of magnesium and potassium salts. Gauge holes were a prerequisite to identify the objective salts by electric logging. Excellent results were achieved by drilling with a heated salt mud that had been saturated on surface to downhole conditions. The heating requirements for the Billiton project were modest, as the top of the squeezing salt occurred at approximately 1,500 m (4,920 ft), requiring a circulating temperature of 45 C (113 F) to achieve the necessary saturation level. However, in NAM's operations, the top of the squeezing salt generally occurs between 2.500 m and 3,000 m (8,200 ft and 9,850 ft), requiring temperatures on the order of 70 C (158 F). Despite the need for higher temperatures, the success of the Billiton project prompted NAM to introduce the heating system on a trial basis. To date eight wells have been drilled using the system, resulting in the drilling of a virtual gauge hole with successful cementations being achieved in each case.

Muecke, N.B. (Nederlandse Aardolie, Maatschappij (Netherlands))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

The DOE/NREL Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Program - An Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle (NG-NGV) Program that is led by the U.S. Department Of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The goal of this program is to develop and implement one Class 3-6 compressed natural gas (CNG) prototype vehicle and one Class 7-8 liquefied natural gas (LNG) prototype vehicle in the 2004 to 2007 timeframe. OHVT intends for these vehicles to have 0.5 g/bhp-hr or lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) by 2004 and 0.2 g/bhp-hr or lower NOx by 2007. These vehicles will also have particulate matter (PM) emissions of 0.01 g/bhp-hr or lower by 2004. In addition to ambitious emissions goals, these vehicles will target life-cycle economics that are compatible with their conventionally fueled counterparts.

Kevin Walkowicz; Denny Stephens; Kevin Stork

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

74

A KNOWLEDGE FORMALISATION AND AGGREGATION-BASED METHOD FOR THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information 5 Calculated 3D mineralogical model around Olympic Dam derived by integrating gravity and magnetic. % sericite Olympic Dam Acropolis Wirrda Well Torrens ? ? ? ? 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Minimum magnetite.5 km 3 > 0.1 vol. % sulphides and hematite / 0.5 km 3 > 0.1 vol. % sericite / 0.5 km3 Olympic Dam

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

WSDOT highway maintenance: environmental compliance for protected terrestrial species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in figure 3. Maintenance Activity Best Management PracticesOlympic Region Maintenance Program on management recommen-If a maintenance activity is not exempt, Best Management

OBrien, Tracie; Carey, Marion; Forrester, Bret

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Bellingham, Washington, Control System Cyber Security Case ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of software used on the Olympic system was shipped to Houston to allow the ... site, the maximum bandwidth of the communication channel and the ...

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

77

A M a g a z i n e f o r A l u m n i a n d F r i e n d s FALL 2012 Olympic Glory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in reproduction and de- velopment. Biol. Bull. 208: 81­91. Byrne, M. 2006. Life history diversity and evolution. 1997. Molecular phyloge- netic analysis of life history evolution in asterinid starfish. Evolution 51. The impact of the "Sea Empress" oil spill. Aquat. Living Resour. 17: 389­394. Li, Y. C., A. B. Korol, T

78

SERI biomass program annual technical report: 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The biomass with which this report is concerned includes aquatic plants, which can be converted into liquid fuels and chemicals; organic wastes (crop residues as well as animal and municipal wastes), from which biogas can be produced via anerobic digestion; and organic or inorganic waste streams, from which hydrogen can be produced by photobiological processes. The Biomass Program Office supports research in three areas which, although distinct, all use living organisms to create the desired products. The Aquatic Species Program (ASP) supports research on organisms that are themselves processed into the final products, while the Anaerobic Digestion (ADP) and Photo/Biological Hydrogen Program (P/BHP) deals with organisms that transform waste streams into energy products. The P/BHP is also investigating systems using water as a feedstock and cell-free systems which do not utilize living organisms. This report summarizes the progress and research accomplishments of the SERI Biomass Program during FY 1982.

Bergeron, P.W.; Corder, R.E.; Hill, A.M.; Lindsey, H.; Lowenstein, M.Z.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Version 1/26/2012 SHIP'S EQUIPMENT AND CAPABILITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: One Caterpillar 3508TA diesel, 775 Waterline: 78' 04" BHP; reverse red. gear 4.07:1; Beam: 23' 04/2" wire rope; level wind b. SeaMac 310 hydrographic winch with 1500 ft 1/4" wire rope; level wind c. SeaMac 305 electromechanical winch with 2,700 ft. .322" conducting cable; level wind d. SeaMac 210 trawl

Netoff, Theoden

80

Microsoft Word - Revison Sheet finalwithHUBs.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Revision Sheet for the Environmental Assessment Finding of No Significant Impact DOE/EA-1576 Bonneville Power Administration March 2008 Revision Sheet for the Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Final Environmental Assessment DOE/EA -1576 Summary This revision sheet documents the changes to be incorporated into the Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment (EA). With the addition of these changes, the Preliminary EA will not be reprinted and will serve as the Final EA. On February 15, 2008, the Preliminary EA was sent to agencies and interested parties. Notification that the EA was available and how to request a copy was sent to all others on the mailing list of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CX-006788: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

788: Categorical Exclusion Determination 788: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006788: Categorical Exclusion Determination Olympic Pipeline Company Fence Upgrade at South Tacoma Substation CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 09/07/2011 Location(s): Pierce County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration Due to recent break-ins at their Tacoma Pump Station, the Olympic Pipeline Company has requested permission to replace two sections of existing barbed wire fence that tie into the Olympic entrance gate and that run parallel to 180th Street along the northern property line for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) South Tacoma Substation parcel. Olympic would replace the existing barbed wire fencing, owned by BPA, with 6-foot galvanized chain link fencing on either side of the existing entrance gate. The total

82

table of contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P. Hanniala, L. Helle and I.V. Kojo. Developments in Direct-to-Blister Smelting at Olympic Dam [pp. 239-253] ... A.J. Rigby and M.D. Lanyi. Redesigning the Flash ...

83

A Frequent-Updating Analysis System Based on Radar, Surface, and Mesoscale Model Data for the Beijing 2008 Forecast Demonstration Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Variational Doppler Radar Analysis System (VDRAS) was implemented in Beijing, China, and contributed to the Beijing 2008 Forecast Demonstration Project (B08FDP) in support of the Beijing Summer Olympics. VDRAS is a four-dimensional ...

Juanzhen Sun; Mingxuan Chen; Yingchun Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Sydney 2000 World Weather Research Programme Forecast Demonstration Project: Overview and Current Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first World Weather Research Programme (WWRP) Forecast Demonstration Project (FDP), with a focus on nowcasting, was conducted in Sydney, Australia, from 4 September to 21 November 2000 during a period associated with the Sydney 2000 Olympic ...

T. Keenan; P. Joe; J. Wilson; C. Collier; B. Golding; D. Burgess; P. May; C. Pierce; J. Bally; A. Crook; A. Seed; D. Sills; L. Berry; R. Potts; I. Bell; N. Fox; E. Ebert; M. Eilts; K. O'Loughlin; R. Webb; R. Carbone; K. Browning; R. Roberts; C. Mueller

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Salt Lake Clean Cities Coalition: Outstanding coalition director: Beverly Miller (Clean Cities alternative fuel information series fact sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Salt Lake metropolitan area faces some interesting economic and environmental challenges. It ranks eighth in the nation in population growth, so managing its increasing numbers without spoiling the beauty of its high mountain valley may seem to be a contradiction in goals. In addition, the 2002 Winter Olympics will attract almost 2 million visitors during February, when Salt Lake's unusual topography encourages its highest levels of air pollution. The Clean Cities Coalition is working with the Salt Lake Olympic Organizing Committee to find clean vehicles to transport visitors to and from the various Olympic venues. A major goal of the Coalition is to keep as many AFVs as possible in Utah after the Olympics.

Woodward, S.

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

86

VOLKER C. RADELOFF University of Wisconsin Madison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the quadrennial World Cup football (soccer) competition in addition to its jurisdiction over other various the International Olympic Committee. The World Cup, the quadrennial international soccer competition, is watched

Sheridan, Jennifer

87

58 UTS ANNUAL REPORT 2008 sUppoRtING oUR objEctIvEs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improvingenvironmentalsustainabilityin ourcampusoperations.Itisoverseenby asteeringcommitteeandsevenworking groups:waste,transport,energy into the atmosphere. The proposal from students Antony Henry and Kavit Pandya was to put this wasted energy through Energy-efficientlightinginmorethan> 60percentoftheUniversity Savingtheequivalentof45Olympic

University of Technology, Sydney

88

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2007 Contests and Scoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the well-known Olympic decathlon, the Solar Decathlon consists of 10 contests. But the Solar Decathlon centers on all of the ways in which we use energy in our daily lives-at...

89

Flooding in Western Washington: The Connection to Atmospheric Rivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study utilizes multiple decades of daily streamflow data gathered in four major watersheds in western Washington to determine the meteorological conditions most likely to cause flooding in those watersheds. Two are located in the Olympic ...

Paul J. Neiman; Lawrence J. Schick; F. Martin Ralph; Mimi Hughes; Gary A. Wick

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The 1990 AI Fair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This year, as the finale to the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory's annual Winter Olympics, the Lab staged an AI Fair ??night devoted to displaying the wide variety of talents and interests within the laboratory. The ...

Flynn, Anita M.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

I-Vote: an audience voting system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the I-Vote system for audience response voting at the Olympic Games. The audience members vote by using a $2 handheld device that they can keep as a souvenir. The devices are simple to use, come in multiple designs, and are ... Keywords: I-Vote, Olympics, ZigBee, active RFID, audience response system, design process, display-less device, handheld device, prototypes, scenarios, ubiquitous computing, visualization, voting, wireless

M. Cameron Jones; Karen E. Medina; Abhijit Rao; Dinesh Rathi; Vandana Singh

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Argonne Transportation - Chinese-American Joint Working Group Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chinese-American Olympics Planning Group Meets at Argonne National Laboratory Chinese-American Olympics Planning Group Meets at Argonne National Laboratory Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D Center recently hosted approximately 90 Chinese and American scientists and policy makers working toward the goal of creating a cleaner Beijing. The December gathering was the first American meeting of the Chinese-American Joint Working Group on Olympic Cooperation to develop sustainable technologies for the City of Beijing and the 2008 Olympic Games. Two previous meetings had been held in China. "We have already cleaned emissions from factories and cars and are planting more trees for a cleaner environment," said Vice Mayor of Beijing, Fan Baoyuan. Chinese-American Olmpics Planning Group The Joint Work Group was created about two years ago by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), China's Ministry of Science and Technology, and Beijing Municipal Government. As part of its bid to host the 2008 Summer Games of the XXIX Olympiad, Beijing is committed to improving its environmental quality to create green Olympic Games.

93

80 HP PLASMA ASSISTED CATALYST SYSTEM  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US economy is linked to efficient heavy vehicle transportation and diesel remains the fuel of choice for mass transportation of goods and services. Diesel engines remain the most reliable and cost effective system for commerce. Recent deleterious effects of diesel exhaust on health and environment have led to an urgent need for cost effective technologies that would bring about reduction in NOx and PM. CARB estimates on-road diesel mobile source will contribute almost 50% NOx and 78% PM emissions by 2010. As a result recent Federal and State mandates have been adopted to reduce emissions from diesel exhaust to 1 Gm/bhp.-Hr of NOx and 0.05 Gm/bhp-hr of PM by the year 2007. The 2007 standard is to be achieved in a stepwise manner starting with the standards for 2002 namely 2 Gm/bhp-hr NOx and 0.1 Gm/bhp-hr of PM. 2002 standards are likely to be met by most engine manufacturer by some modified form of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system or by employing a sophisticated engine control system. Importance of cost effective technology requirement is further exaggerated by the fact that in recent years diesel engine production have increased dramatically see figure 1 and has out stripped the gasoline engine production almost 4:1 see figure 2. Currently gasoline engine employs a 3-way catalytic system for NOx and HC reduction and in order for the 3-way system to work the engine is run near stoichiometric air : fuel ratio so that exhaust has virtually no oxygen. This strategy has resulted in a poorer efficiency and hence less efficient utilization of our natural resources. By contrast diesel engine operate on a lean burn principals i.e. air rich and currently there are no commercial technologies available for treating NOx and PM. Technologies being considered for reducing NOx from lean burn (diesel) exhaust are; Lean NOx catalyst systems, NOx adsorber system, Selective Catalytic Reduction systems and plasma assisted catalyst system. Of all these technologies Plasma assisted catalyst system is probably the most attractive since it can use currently available fuel onboard.

Slone, Ralph

2001-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

94

Cost-Effective Reciprocating Engine Emissions Control and Monitoring for E&P Field and Gathering Engines  

SciTech Connect

During the second reporting period, the project team focused on identifying promising technologies that can then be used to monitor and control emissions from E&P engines. These technologies include control and monitoring technologies and in most cases can be used to monitor engine performance as well as control and monitor engine emissions. The project team also identified three potential sources to receive a Cooper Ajax engine that is approximately 100 bhp. The goal is to have this engine delivered to the project team by the end of the calendar year 2003. This will then allow the team to prepare the engine for testing at Ricardo in early 2004.

Kirby S. Chapman

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

EA-1576: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Finding of No Significant Impact 6: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1576: Finding of No Significant Impact Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project, Clallam, Jefferson, Kitsap, Harbor, Mason, and Thurston Counties, Washington This revision sheet documents the changes to be incorporated into the Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment (EA). With the addition of these changes, the Preliminary EA will not be reprinted and will serve as the Final EA. Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project, Revision Sheet for the Environmental Assessment, and Finding of No Significant Impact, DOE/EA-1576 (March 2008) More Documents & Publications EA-1342: Finding of No Significant Impact EIS-0317-S1: Environmental Impact Statement, Appendices

96

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 20980 of 26,764 results. 71 - 20980 of 26,764 results. Article 2012 London Olympics Go for the Green with Its Energy Efficient, Sustainable, and Recyclable Design The 2012 London games promise to be the greenest Olympics to date with sustainable, energy efficient, and recyclable facilities. http://energy.gov/articles/2012-london-olympics-go-green-its-energy-efficient-sustainable-and-recyclable-design Article Leveling the Playing Field for Women: Work at the Energy Department The many talented Energy Department women work every day to lead the Department's critical missions, serve our country, and act as models for the next generation of women leaders. http://energy.gov/articles/leveling-playing-field-women-work-energy-department Article Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System

97

EA-1576: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

576: Finding of No Significant Impact 576: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1576: Finding of No Significant Impact Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project, Clallam, Jefferson, Kitsap, Harbor, Mason, and Thurston Counties, Washington This revision sheet documents the changes to be incorporated into the Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment (EA). With the addition of these changes, the Preliminary EA will not be reprinted and will serve as the Final EA. Olympic Peninsula Transmission Line Reinforcement Project, Revision Sheet for the Environmental Assessment, and Finding of No Significant Impact, DOE/EA-1576 (March 2008) More Documents & Publications EA-1342: Finding of No Significant Impact EIS-0285-SA-128: Supplement Analysis

98

Heavy vehicle propulsion system materials program semiannual progress report for April 1998 thru September 1998  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1--3 trucks to realize a 35{percent} fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7--8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OTT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55{percent} efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NO{sub x} and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulates. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55{percent} efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy-duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies.

Johnson, D.R.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Ionizing wet scrubber for air pollution control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air pollution control equipment manufacturers are continually developing sophisticated systems designed to dramatically reduce plant emissions. One such system, the ionizing wet scrubber (IWS), has demonstrated outstanding air pollution control characteristics while meeting the challenge of energy efficiency. The IWS system removes fine solid and liquid particulate down to 0.05 micron at high collection efficiencies and low energy comsumption. It also simultaneously removes noxious, corrosive and odor-bearing gases from flue gas streams as well as coarse particulate matter above 1 micron in diameter. Due to its simplified design and low pressure drop, operating energy costs of the IWS are only a fraction of those for alternative air pollution control equipment. Pressure drop through a single-stage IWS is only 0.5 to 1.5 in. Water (125 to 374 pa) column and is controlled primarily by pressure drop through the wet scrubber section. Total system energy usage is approximately 2.0-2.5 bhp/1,000 actual ft/sup 3//min (0.7-0.9 kw/m/sup 3//min) for a single-stage IWS and 4.0-5.0 bhp/1,000 actual ft/sup 3//min for a two-stage installation. These energy requirements represent a significant savings as opposed to other air pollution control systems such as Venturi scrubbers.

Sheppard, S.V.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Heavy vehicle propulsion system materials program semi-annual progress report for October 1997 through March 1998  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1--3 trucks to realize a 35{percent} fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7--8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OTT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55{percent} efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NO{sub x} and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulates. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55{percent} efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy-duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies.

Johnson, D.R.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Getting performance without sacrificing economy or emissions control in a heavy-duty LPG engine  

SciTech Connect

A commercial 637 CID liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) engine was evaluated as a candidate powerplant for new bus purchases and/or as a replacement for obsolete LPG engines currently being used in metropolitan Chicago bus service. Limited route service experience with LPG conversion of a gasoline engine indicated both its potential and the need for its optimization in order to take advantage of the unique characteristics of LPG. The engine-dynamometer study, with emphasis on fuel system-ignition relationships, led to substantial improvement in fuel economy without depreciation of engine power. The 637 CID LPG engine fuel economy was increased from an average of 1.77 mpg for 1965 to 1971 to 2.60 mpg for the Dec. 1971 to April 1972 period in Chicago field tests. Cylinder head redesign permitted lean mixture operation that reduced exhaust emissions to levels calculated to conform to the 1973 Federal standards and the 1973-1974 California Air Resources Board requirements for heavy-duty engines. The exhaust emissions data obtained with the optimized 7.5:1 CR engine based on the California 13-mode cycle were 8.3 g/bhp/hr carbon monoxide and 9.9 g/bhp/hr hydrocarbons plus nitrogen dioxide.

Mengelkamp, R.A.; Linnard, R.E.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Drilling Through Gas Hydrates Formations: Managing Wellbore Stability Risks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As hydrocarbon exploration and development moves into deeper water and onshore arctic environments, it becomes increasingly important to quantify the drilling hazards posed by gas hydrates. To address these concerns, a 1D semi-analytical model for heat and fluid transport in the reservoir was coupled with a numerical model for temperature distribution along the wellbore. This combination allowed the estimation of the dimensions of the hydratebearing layer where the initial pressure and temperature can dynamically change while drilling. These dimensions were then used to build a numerical reservoir model for the simulation of the dissociation of gas hydrate in the layer. The bottomhole pressure (BHP) and formation properties used in this workflow were based on a real field case. The results provide an understanding of the effects of drilling through hydratebearing sediments and of the impact of drilling fluid temperature and BHP on changes in temperature and pore pressure within the surrounding sediments. It was found that the amount of gas hydrate that can dissociate will depend significantly on both initial formation characteristics and bottomhole conditions, namely mud temperature and pressure. The procedure outlined suggested in this work can provide quantitative results of the impact of hydrate dissociation on wellbore stability, which can help better design drilling muds for ultra deep water operations.

Khabibullin, Tagir R.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Topographically Forced Convergence in Western Washington State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several times a year when the low-level winds from off the Pacific Ocean are within a narrow range of speed and direction, air passes both north and south of the Olympic Mountains of Washington State and is forced to converge in Puget Sound by ...

Clifford Mass

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Online news reports of air quality issues in Beijing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper studies Chinese media discourse on the ''Blue Sky Project'' in preparation for the 2008 Olympics through a textual analysis of online stories in major daily newspapers in Beijing, to examine the interaction of science and culture in environmental ... Keywords: Development discourse, Environmental journalism, Framing, Science communication, Surveillance

Janice Hua Xu

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Georgia Institute of Technology chilled water system evaluation and master plan  

SciTech Connect

As the host of the Olympic Village for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, Georgia Tech has experienced a surge in construction activities over the last three years. Over 1.3 million square feet of new buildings have been constructed on the Georgia Tech campus. This growth has placed a strain on the Georgia Tech community and challenged the facilities support staff charged with planning and organizing utility services. In concert with Olympic construction, utility planners have worked to ensure long term benefits for Georgia Tech facilities while meeting the short term requirements of the Olympic Games. The concentration of building construction in the northwest quadrant of the campus allowed planners to construct a satellite chilled water plant to serve the needs of this area and provide the opportunity to integrate this section of the campus with the main campus chilled water system. This assessment and master plan, funded in part by the US Department of Energy, has evaluated the chilled water infrastructure at Georgia Tech, identified ongoing problems and made recommendations for long term chilled water infrastructure development and efficiency improvements. The Georgia Tech office of Facilities and RDA Engineering, Inc. have worked together to assemble relevant information and prepare the recommendations contained in this document.

NONE

1996-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 87, NO. 4, 25 AUGUST 2004 413 CURRENTSCIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has turned to the use of drugs to enhance athletic perfor- mance. In an editorial in Science, Donald and field a lot more before they took it into the lab' (Science, 2004, 305, 573). While drug use is a clear potential of local talent. China, which many years ago had to be content with limited Olympic success, has

Balaram , P.

107

Job Number: DCP/1017/NA Produced by the UNEP Division of Communications and Public Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOCOG. Based on the visual concept of passion, vigour, culture and celebration, the torch relay graphic for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games featured the traditional Chinese phoenix pattern and the lucky cloud pattern. Graphic courtesy: Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG). This post-Games assessment takes an impartial look at Beijings work to fulfill its environmental commitments for the 2008 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. The report builds on the data and findings of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games: an Environmental Review, published by UNEP in 2007. The extent to which new findings and recommendations are included has been influenced by the available data at the time of publication. This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit purposes without special permission from the copyright holder provided acknowledgement of the source is made. No use of this publication may be made for sale or for any other commercial purpose whatsoever without prior permission in writing from UNEP. The designation of geographical entities in this report, and the presentation of the material herein, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the publisher or the participating organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. INDEPENDENT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT: BEIJING 2008 OLYMPIC GAMES Getty Images

Cover Design

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

DOES DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME SAVE ENERGY? EVIDENCE FROM A NATURAL EXPERIMENT IN INDIANA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which is essentially a difference- in-differences approach. Using hourly electricity load data from 22 with the Sidney Olympic Games in 2000. Using a comparison of electricity load data from two states, where only one standard metrics for explain- ing and forecasting electricity demand. The reference point for calculating

Kotchen, Matthew J.

109

V I S I T O R S G U I D E uw.edu/visit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are all around. Your visit may include watching an orca whale blow as it surfaces, hearing the roar of a hike into the Olympic rainforest. To see as much as possible all at once, visit the Space Needle@uw.edu hfs.washington.edu/conferences 206.543.7636 Need a room or campus outdoor space for a wedding or event

Hochberg, Michael

110

Liquid-liquid reaction of hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite for the production of singlet oxygen in a centrifugal flow singlet oxygen generator  

SciTech Connect

An attempt is made to produce gas-phase singlet oxygen O{sub 2}(a{sup 1{Delta}}{sub g}) in a liquid-liquid reaction between acidic hydrogen peroxide (AHP) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). The attempt arises from the fact that basic hydrogen peroxide (BHP) has long been the prime source for producing singlet delta oxygen through its reaction with chlorine. However, BHP suffers from the defect of being unstable during storage. Exploratory experiments were performed in a centrifugal flow singlet oxygen generator (CF-SOG) with two streams of solutions, AHP and NaOCl, mixed in a slit nozzle and then injected into the arc-shaped concavity in the CF-SOG to form a rotating liquid flow with a remarkable centrifugal force. With the help of this centrifugal force, the product of the O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) reaction was quickly separated from the liquid phase. The gas-phase O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) was detected via the spectrum of O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) cooperative dimolecular emission with a CCD spectrograph. Experimental results show that it is feasible to produce gas-phase O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) from the AHP + NaOCl reaction, and the stronger the acidity, the more efficient the O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) production. However, since in the AHP + NaOCl reaction, Cl{sub 2} unavoidably appears as a byproduct, its catalytic action on the decomposition of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} into ground-state O{sub 2} remains a major obstacle to utilising the AHP + NaOCl reaction in producing gas-phase O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}). Qualitative interpretation shows that the AHP + NaOCl reaction is virtually the reaction of interaction of molecular H{sub 2}O{sub 2} with molecular HOCl, its mechanism being analogous to that of reaction of BHP with Cl{sub 2}, where HOOCl is the key intermediate. It is difficult to form the intermediate HOOCl via the H{sub 2}O{sub 2} + NaOCl reaction in a basic medium, thus gas-phase O{sub 2}({sup 1{Delta}}) cannot be obtained in appreciable quantities. (active media)

Cui Rongrong; Deng Liezheng; Shi Wenbo; Yang Heping; Sha Guohe; Zhang Cunhao [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)

2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

High Efficiency, Low Emissions Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the High Efficiency Clean Combustion (HECC) Research Program for the U.S. Department of Energy. Work under this co-funded program began in August 2005 and finished in July 2010. The objective of this program was to develop and demonstrate a low emission, high thermal efficiency engine system that met 2010 EPA heavy-duty on-highway truck emissions requirements (0.2g/bhp-hr NOx, 0.14g/bhp-hr HC and 0.01g/bhp-hr PM) with a thermal efficiency of 46%. To achieve this goal, development of diesel homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion was the chosen approach. This report summarizes the development of diesel HCCI combustion and associated enabling technologies that occurred during the HECC program between August 2005 and July 2010. This program showed that although diesel HCCI with conventional US diesel fuel was not a feasible means to achieve the program objectives, the HCCI load range could be increased with a higher volatility, lower cetane number fuel, such as gasoline, if the combustion rate could be moderated to avoid excessive cylinder pressure rise rates. Given the potential efficiency and emissions benefits, continued research of combustion with low cetane number fuels and the effects of fuel distillation are recommended. The operation of diesel HCCI was only feasible at part-load due to a limited fuel injection window. A 4% fuel consumption benefit versus conventional, low-temperature combustion was realized over the achievable operating range. Several enabling technologies were developed under this program that also benefited non-HCCI combustion. The development of a 300MPa fuel injector enabled the development of extended lifted flame combustion. A design methodology for minimizing the heat transfer to jacket water, known as precision cooling, will benefit conventional combustion engines, as well as HCCI engines. An advanced combustion control system based on cylinder pressure measurements was developed. A Well-to-wheels analysis of the energy flows in a mobile vehicle system and a 2nd Law thermodynamic analysis of the engine system were also completed under this program.

None

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Interwell Connectivity Evaluation from Wellrate Fluctuations: A Waterflooding Managment Tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using injection and production data, we can evaluate the connectivity between injector and producer well pairs to characterize their interwell regions and provide a tool for waterflood management. The capacitance model (CM) has been suggested as a phenomenological method to analyze the injection and production data for these purposes. Early studies involving reservoir simulation have shown CM to be a valuable tool but also have revealed several shortcomings. Many of these deficiencies have become more transparent in analyzing field data. This work consists of two parts: in the first part, we investigate some of the shortcomings of the CM and attempt to overcome them by modifying the algorithms. In the second part, we relate the problem of interwell connectivity to the rigorous concept of Multiwell Productivity Index (MPI) and provide a semi analytical approach. We have developed two modifications on the CM: the segmented CM that can be used where bottomhole pressures (BHP) are unknown and may change during the analysis interval, and the compensated CM that overcomes the requirement to rerun the model after adding a new producer or shutting in an existing producer. If both BHP changes and shut-in periods occur, the segmented and compensated CMs can be used simultaneously to construct a single model for a period of data. We show several hypothetical cases and a field case where these modifications generate a more reliable evaluation of interwell connectivity and increase the R2 of the model up to 15%. On the other hand, the MPI-based approach can predict the reservoir performance analytically for homogeneous cases under specific conditions. In the heterogeneous cases, this approach provides a robust connectivity parameter, which solely represents the reservoir heterogeneity and possible anisotropy and hence allows improved information exchange with the geologist. In addition, this connectivity parameter is insensitive to possible variations of skin factor and changes in number of wells. A further advantage of the new method is the flexibility to incorporate additional information, such as injector BHP, into the analysis process. We applied this approach on several hypothetical cases and observed excellent evaluation of both reservoir performance and connectivity.

Kaviani, Danial

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Experimental Analysis of Water Based Drilling Fluid Aging Processes at High Temperature and High Pressure Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In efforts to render the safest, fastest, and most cost efficient drilling program for a high temperature and high pressure (HT/HP) well the maximization of drilling operational efficiencies is key. Designing an adequate, HT/HP well specific, drilling fluid is of most importance and a technological challenge that can greatly affect the outcome of the overall operational efficiency. It is necessary to have a sound fundamental understanding of the behavior that water-based muds (WBM) exhibit when exposed to HT/HP conditions. Therefore, in order to adequately design and treat a WBM for a HT/HP well specific drilling program, it is essential that the mud be evaluated at HT/HP conditions. Currently, industry standard techniques used to evaluate WBM characteristics involve aging the fluid sample to a predetermined temperature, based on the anticipated bottom hole temperature (BHT), either statically or dynamically, for a predetermined length, then cooling and mixing the fluid and measuring its rheological properties at a significantly lower temperature. This, along with the fact that the fluid is not subjected to the anticipated bottom hole pressure (BHP) during or after the aging process, brings to question if the properties recorded are those that are truly experienced down-hole. Furthermore, these testing methods do not allow the user to effectively monitor the changes during the aging process. The research in this thesis is focused on evaluating a high performance WBM and the current test procedures used to evaluate their validity. Experimental static and dynamic aging tests were developed for comparative analysis as well to offer a more accurate and precise method to evaluate the effects experienced by WBM when subjected to HT/HP conditions. The experimental tests developed enable the user to monitor and evaluate, in real-time, the rheological changes that occur during the aging of a WBM while being subjected to true BHT and BHP. Detailed standard and experimental aging tests were conducted and suggest that the standard industry tests offer false rheological results with respect to true BHT and BHP. Furthermore, the experimental aging tests show that high pressure has a significant effect on the rheological properties of the WBM at elevated temperatures.

Zigmond, Brandon

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Comparison of Standard 90.1-07 and the 2009 IECC with Respect to Commercial Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9054 9054 Comparison of Standard 90.1-07 and the 2009 IECC with Respect to Commercial Buildings December 11, 2009 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352 iii Acronyms and Abbreviations AMCA Air Movement and Control Association ANSI American National Standards Institute ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials BECP Building Energy Codes Program bhp brake horsepower DCV demand control ventilation DDC Direct Digital Control (Systems) DOE U.S. Department of Energy EPACT Federal Energy Policy Act of 1992 hp horsepower HSPF Heating Seasonal Performance Factor

115

Charles F. McMillan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory | Los Alamos National Laboratory | April 2013 | UNCLASSIFIED | 1 Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA Ultra-deep Water Risk Assessment DV Rao September 17, 2013 | Los Alamos National Laboratory | April 2013 | UNCLASSIFIED | 2 Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA UNCLASSIFIED 1. Real-time data from the bottom-hole 2. VSP (see also No. 9 below) 3. Automated kick detect (with 1 above) 4. Human performance improvement: - MWD alerts during swabbing, fishing, etc. - Rotating control device - 'quick-response' BHP control (closed cycle)

116

Centrifugal exhauster driven by steam turbine achieves 55% energy savings  

SciTech Connect

A steam turbine/centrifugal exhauster system is being used in a felt dewatering operation in a Michigan pulp and papermill at a hp energy savings of 55%. The system operates at 170 bhp, replacing 375 hp used for conventional liquid ring vacuum pumps. The steam turbine utilizes 450 psig steam into the turbine with a 50 psig back pressure on the discharge side. The mill has also installed an additional felt dewatering box that was never employed before the exhauster system was installed. Since operation first began, the mill reports equal or improved dewatering compared to the previous liquid ring system. The hot air discharge is utilized to heat the machine room wet end area, replacing some space heater requirements.

Bonady, F.M.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Revitalization of a Steam Lab to Meet Energy Challenge and Strengthen Mechanical Engineering Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An 'old' and 'obsolete' boiler system was revitalized and an enhanced Steam Lab was established based on that system. In this project, modifications and improvements were made to the facility, which contains a 150 BHP boiler, condenser, steam turbine and generator, dynamometer, and various other pumps, heat exchangers and fluid lines. The working Steam Lab will provide test-bed capability for local companies with projects requiring a source of team and help the industry to meet the energy challenge by developing their energy-management plans and utilizing various energy sources efficiently and smartly. It will also be incorporated into the mechanical engineering curriculum at the University of Louisiana thereby substantially enhancing UL's mechanical engineering program. This project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) and the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) as a part of the Save Energy Now project.

Kozman, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Draft report: application of organic Rankine cycle heat recovery systems to diesel powered marine vessels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The analysis and results of an investigation of the application of organic Rankine cycle heat recovery systems to diesel-powered marine vessels are described. The program under which this study was conducted was sponsored jointly by the US Energy Research and Development Administration, the US Navy, and the US Maritime Administration. The overall objective of this study was to investigate diesel bottoming energy recovery systems, currently under development by three US concerns, to determine the potential for application to marine diesel propulsion and auxiliary systems. The study primarily focused on identifying the most promising vessel applications (considering vessel type, size, population density, operational duty cycle, etc.) so the relative economic and fuel conservation merits of energy recovery systems could be determined and assessed. Vessels in the current fleet and the projected 1985 fleet rated at 1000 BHP class and above were investigated.

Not Available

1977-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Automotive Stirling Engine Development Program Mod I Stirling engine development  

SciTech Connect

The Automotive Stirling Engine (ASE) Development Program was established to enable research and development of alternate propulsion systems. The program was awarded to Mechanical Technology Incorporated (MTI) for the purpose of developing an automotive Stirling engine, and transferring Stirling-engine technology to the United States. MTI has fabricated and tested four Mod I engines that have accumulated over 1900 test hours to date. The engines evaluated in the test cell have achieved an average of 34.5% efficiency at their maximum efficiency point (2000 rpm), and have developed an average maximum output power (power available to the drive train) level of 54.4 kW (73.2 bhp). All engines are still operating, and are being used to develop components and control strategy for the Upgraded Mod I engine design (predicted to increase maximum power output and efficiency while reducing total engine system weight).

Simetkosky, M.A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Post waterflood CO2 miscible flood in light oil fluvial - dominated deltaic reservoirs. Technical progress report, October 1, 1994--December 30, 1994. 1st Quarter, fiscal year 1995  

SciTech Connect

Production is averaging about 450 BOPD for the quarter. The fluctuation was primarily due to a temporary shutdown of CO{sub 2} delivery and maturing of the first WAG cycle. CO{sub 2} and water injection were reversed again in order to optimize changing yields and water cuts in the producing wells. Measured BHP was close to the anticipated value. A limited CO{sub 2} volume of 120 MMCF was injected to stimulate well Kuhn No. 6 to test the Huff-Puff process, since the well did not respond to CO{sub 2} injection from the main reservoir. The well will be placed on February 1, 1995. Total CO{sub 2} injection averaged this quarter about 8.8 MMCFD, including 3.6 MMCFD purchased CO{sub 2} from Cardox. The stratigraphy of the sand deposits is also discussed.

NONE

1994-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bhp billiton olympic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analysis and evaluation of perforating cleanup methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fifty-two completions made in the Gulf of Mexico between June 1978 and May 1982 have been analyzed to evaluate three commonly used techniques for perforating and cleaning up perforations before gravel packing. Since detailed flowing bottomhole pressure (BHP) information was not available in all cases, a method was developed to evaluate the completion efficiencies by using an inhouse computer program. This program models well performance by simultaneously solving the equations governing fluid flow in the reservoir, the near-wellbore region, the gravel-packed perforation tunnels, and up the production tubing. The results showed that perforating underbalanced with a tubing-conveyed casing gun yielded more efficient completions than the other two techniques.

Bonomo, J.M.; Young, W.S.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Flowing Bottomhole Pressure Calculation for a Pumped Well under Multiphase Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to monitore bottomhole flowing pressure in pumping oil wells provides important information regarding both reservoir and artificial lift performance. Converting surface pressure measurements to bottomhole is currently accomplished by locating the fluid level in the annulus using a sonic device and then applying a correlation to estimate the density of the gas-cut liquid column above the perforations. This work proposes a flowing bottomhole pressure calculation procedure from fluid level measurements. The model is developed from experimental work and from theoretical arguments. The calculation procedure developed allows to calculate BHP without shutting the well, which is common for fluid level casinghead pressure measurements. Also this method allows to take into account real geometry of the The comparison of the calculated and measured pump intake pressure shows good accuracy of a technique. It allows to draw a conclusion for an opportunity to use this method in practice.

Bikbulatov, S; Zagurenko, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Application of Hydrogen Assisted Lean Operation to Natural Gas-Fueled Reciprocating Engines (HALO)  

SciTech Connect

Two key challenges facing Natural Gas Engines used for cogeneration purposes are spark plug life and high NOx emissions. Using Hydrogen Assisted Lean Operation (HALO), these two keys issues are simultaneously addressed. HALO operation, as demonstrated in this project, allows stable engine operation to be achieved at ultra-lean (relative air/fuel ratios of 2) conditions, which virtually eliminates NOx production. NOx values of 10 ppm (0.07 g/bhp-hr NO) for 8% (LHV H2/LHV CH4) supplementation at an exhaust O2 level of 10% were demonstrated, which is a 98% NOx emissions reduction compared to the leanest unsupplemented operating condition. Spark ignition energy reduction (which will increase ignition system life) was carried out at an oxygen level of 9%, leading to a NOx emission level of 28 ppm (0.13 g/bhp-hr NO). The spark ignition energy reduction testing found that spark energy could be reduced 22% (from 151 mJ supplied to the coil) with 13% (LHV H2/LHV CH4) hydrogen supplementation, and even further reduced 27% with 17% hydrogen supplementation, with no reportable effect on NOx emissions for these conditions and with stable engine torque output. Another important result is that the combustion duration was shown to be only a function of hydrogen supplementation, not a function of ignition energy (until the ignitability limit was reached). The next logical step leading from these promising results is to see how much the spark energy reduction translates into increase in spark plug life, which may be accomplished by durability testing.

Chad Smutzer

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Heavy vehicle propulsion system materials program: Semiannual progress report, April 1996--September 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1-3 trucks to realize a 35% fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7-8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OTT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55% efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NO{sub x} and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulates. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55% efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies. OTT OHVT also recognizes a significant opportunity for reduction in petroleum consumption by dieselization of pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. Application of the diesel engine to class 1, 2, and 3 trucks is expected to yield a 35% increase in fuel economy per vehicle. The foremost barrier to diesel use in this market is emission control. Once an engine is made certifiable, subsequent challenges will be in cost; noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH); and performance. Separate abstracts have been submitted to the database for contributions to this report.

Johnson, D.R.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Feds Feed Families Wraps Up Successful Campaign to Stock Area Food Banks |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feds Feed Families Wraps Up Successful Campaign to Stock Area Food Feds Feed Families Wraps Up Successful Campaign to Stock Area Food Banks Feds Feed Families Wraps Up Successful Campaign to Stock Area Food Banks August 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis EM’s Nevada Site Office took first place in the site-submitted category of DOE’s CANstruction Sculpture Contest for its entry, shown here, inspired by London’s Tower Bridge during the 2012 Summer Olympics. EM's Nevada Site Office took first place in the site-submitted category of DOE's CANstruction Sculpture Contest for its entry, shown here, inspired by London's Tower Bridge during the 2012 Summer Olympics. EM Office of Strategic Planning and Analysis Director Barry Gaffney throws the ball that sends Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga into the dunk tank during an event to collect nonperishable food items for the DOE Feeds Families campaign.

126

Photo of the Week: 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: 2013 Photo of the Week: 2013 Photo of the Week: 2013 Addthis An Express Train to Crescent Junction 1 of 45 An Express Train to Crescent Junction In the 1950s, one of the largest uranium deposits in the U.S. was found near Moab, Utah. The Department of Energy began cleaning up the uranium mill tailings from the Moab Site in April 2009, using steel containers to transport more than five million tons of tailings for safe disposal near Crescent Junction, Utah. In this May 2012 photo, one of the trains is shown on the Union Pacific Railroad in Utah, passing a butte capped by a familiar southwest U.S. rock formation known as Navajo Sandstone. Image: Department of Energy Date taken: 2013-01-04 09:00 I, Robot Olympics 2 of 45 I, Robot Olympics Last week, students from dozens of local Tennessee high schools gathered at

127

CCHP System with Interconnecting Cooling and Heating Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The consistency between building heating load, cooling load and power load are analyzed in this paper. The problem of energy waste and low equipment usage in a traditional CCHP (combined cooling, heating and power) system with generated electricity not supplied to the grid is analyzed in detail. Further, the new concept of CCHP system with cooling and heating network interconnecting is developed. Then, the Olympic Park energy system is presented to illustrate the advantage and improvement both in economy performance and energy efficiency.

Fu, L.; Geng, K.; Zheng, Z.; Jiang, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Potential for CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Coalbed Methane Production, Blue Creek Field, NW Black Warrior Basin, Alabama  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a primary source of greenhouse gases. Injection of CO2 from power plants near coalbed reservoirs is a win-win method to reducing emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. Limited studies have investigated CO2 sequestration and enhanced coalbed methane production in San Juan and Alberta basins, but reservoir modeling is needed to assess the potential of the Black Warrior basin. Alabama ranks 9th nationally in CO2 emissions from power plants; two electricity generation plants are adjacent to the Black Warrior coalbed methane fairway. This research project was a reservoir simulation study designed to evaluate the potential for CO2 sequestration and enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery in the Blue Creek Field of Black Warrior basin, Alabama. It considered the injection and production rate, the components of injected gas, coal dewatering, permeability anisotropy, various CO2 soak times, completion of multiple reservoir layers and pressure constraints at the injector and producer. The simulation study was based on a 5-spot well pattern 40-ac well spacing. Injection of 100 percent CO2 in coal seams resulted in average volumes of 0.57 Bcf of sequestered CO2 and average volumes of 0.2 Bcf of enhance methane production for the Mary Lee coal zone only, from an 80-acre 5-spot well pattern. For the entire Blue Creek field of the Black Warrior basin, if 100 percent CO2 is injected in the Pratt, Mary Lee and Black Creek coal zones, enhance methane resources recovered are estimated to be 0.3 Tcf, with a potential CO2sequestration capacity of 0.88 Tcf. The methane recovery factor is estimated to be 68.8 percent, if the three coal zones are completed but produced one by one. Approximately 700 wells may be needed in the field. For multi-layers completed wells, the permeability and pressure are important in determining the breakthrough time, methane produced and CO2 injected. Dewatering and soaking do not benefit the CO2 sequestration process but allow higher injection rates. Permeability anisotropy affects CO2 injection and enhanced methane recovery volumes of the field. I recommend a 5-spot pilot project with the maximum well BHP of 1,000 psi at the injector, minimum well BHP of 500 psi at the producer, maximum injection rate of 70 Mscf/D, and production rate of 35 Mscf/D. These technical results, with further economic evaluation, could generate significant projects for CO2 sequestration and enhance coalbed methane production in Blue Creek field, Black Warrior Basin, Alabama.

He, Ting

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Common Rail Injection System Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The collaborative research program between the Department of energy and Electro-Motive Diesels, Inc. on the development of common rail fuel injection system for locomotive diesel engines that can meet US EPA Tier 2 exhaust emissions has been completed. This final report summarizes the objectives of the program, work scope, key accomplishments and research findings. The major objectives of this project encompassed identification of appropriate injection strategies by using advanced analytical tools, development of required prototype hardware/controls, investigations of fuel spray characteristics including cavitation phenomena, and validation of hareware using a single-cylinder research locomotive diesel engine. Major milestones included: (1) a detailed modeling study using advanced mathematical models - several various injection profiles that show simultaneous reduction of NOx and particulates on a four stroke-cycle locomotive diesel engine were identified; (2) development of new common rail fuel injection hardware capable of providing these injection profiles while meeting EMD engine and injection performance specifications. This hardware was developed together with EMD's current fuel injection component supplier. (3) Analysis of fuel spray characteristics. Fuel spray numerical studies and high speed photographic imaging analyses were performed. (4) Validation of new hardware and fuel injection profiles. EMD's single-cylinder research diesel engine located at Argonne National Laboratory was used to confirm emissions and performacne predictions. These analytical ane experimental investigations resulted in optimized fuel injection profiles and engine operating conditions that yield reductions in NOx emissions from 7.8 g/bhp-hr to 5.0 g/bhp-hr at full (rated) load. Additionally, hydrocarbon and particulate emissions were reduced considerably when compared to baseline Tier I levels. The most significant finding from the injection optimization process was a 2% to 3% improvement in fuel economy over EMD's traditional Tier I engine hardware configuration. the common rail fuel injection system enabled this added benefit by virtue of an inherent capability to provide multiple injections per power stroke at high fuel rail pressures. On the basis of the findings in this study, EMD concludes that the new electronically-controlled high-pressure common rail injection system has the potential to meet locomotive Tier 2 NOx and particulates emission standards without sacrificing the fuel economy. A number of areas to further improve the injection hardware and engine operating characteristics to further exploit the benefits of common rail injection system have also been identified.

Electro-Motive,

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

130

Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program Semiannual Progress Report for October 1998 Through March 1999  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials Program is the development of materials: ceramics, intermetallics, metal alloys, and metal and ceramic coatings, to support the dieselization of class 1-3 trucks to realize a 35% fuel-economy improvement over current gasoline-fueled trucks and to support commercialization of fuel-flexible LE-55 low-emissions, high-efficiency diesel engines for class 7-8 trucks. The Office of Transportation Technologies, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OIT OHVT) has an active program to develop the technology for advanced LE-55 diesel engines with 55% efficiency and low emissions levels of 2.0 g/bhp-h NOX and 0.05 g/bhp-h particulate. The goal is also for the LE-55 engine to run on natural gas with efficiency approaching that of diesel fuel. The LE-55 program is being completed in FY 1997 and, after approximately 10 years of effort, has largely met the program goals of 55% efficiency and low emissions. However, the commercialization of the LE-55 technology requires more durable materials than those that have been used to demonstrate the goals. Heavy Vehicle Propulsion System Materials will, in concert with the heavy duty diesel engine companies, develop the durable materials required to commercialize the LE-55 technologies. OIT OHVT also recognizes a significant opportunity for reduction in petroleum consumption by dieselization of pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. Application of the diesel engine to class 1,2, and 3 trucks is expected to yield a 35% increase in fuel economy per vehicle. The foremost barrier to diesel use in this market is emission control. Once an engine is made certifiable, subsequent challenges will be in cost; noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH); and performance. The design of advanced components for high-efficiency diesel engines has, in some cases, pushed the performance envelope for materials of construction past the point of reliable operation. Higher mechanical and tribological stresses and higher temperatures of advanced designs limit the engine designer; advanced materials allow the design of components that may operate reliably at higher stresses and temperatures, thus enabling more efficient engine designs. Advanced materials also offer the opportunity to improve the emissions, NVH, and performance of diesel engines for pickup trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles. The principal areas of research are: (1) Cost Effective High Performance Materials and Processing; (2) Advanced Manufacturing Technology; (3)Testing and Characterization; and (4) Materials and Testing Standards.

Johnson, R.D.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Environmental Management FY 2006 Budget Request DRAFT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation - Key to Transportation - Key to EM Success Presented to the Transportation External Coordination Working Group July 24, 2007 James Rispoli, Assistant Secretary Office of Environmental Management Solving Cleanup Challenges Through Risk Reduction 2 Solving Cleanup Challenges Through Risk Reduction ● EM's mission is the safe and successful cleanup of the Cold War legacy brought about from five decades of nuclear weapons development and government-sponsored nuclear energy research and includes:  Over 80 million gallons of radioactive liquid waste - the volume equivalent of 121 Olympic-size swimming pools  More than two thousand tons of spent nuclear fuel - roughly equal to the weight of 1,175 Toyota Camrys

132

Offsite Source Recovery Program (OSRP) Workshop Module: Tianjin, China, July 16-July 17, 2012  

SciTech Connect

Recovering and disposal of radioactive sources that are no longer in service in their intended capacity is an area of high concern Globally. A joint effort to recover and dispose of such sources was formed between the US Department of Energy and the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), in preparation for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. LANL involvement in this agreement continues today under the DOE-Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) program. LANL will be presenting overview information on their Offsite Source Recovery (OSRP) and Source Disposal programs, in a workshop for the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) at Tianjin, China, on July 16 and 17, 2012.

Houlton, Robert J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

133

Challenges and Recommendations for Visitors Teaching Design in the Developing World towards Sustainable Equitable Futures: Four Divided Nations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar energy for the island and beyond in anticipation of the eventual fuel shortage while concurrently providing a huge green area or recreational eco-park. My students primarily worked on a tangential competition for revamping the old Olympic Park... http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=33190&Cr=corruption&Cr1 last accessed 28.05.2012 2 http://www.unicist.org/papers/ontology_ei_en.pdf last accessed 28.05.2012 3 For this author, one of the biggest challenges to teaching in the above...

Jann, Marga

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Design and performance of the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center photovoltaic system. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A building-integrated DC PV array has been constructed on the Georgia Tech campus. The array is mounted on the roof of the Georgia Tech Aquatic Center (GTAC), site of the aquatic events during the 1996 Paralympic and Olympic Games in Atlanta. At the time of its construction, it was the world`s largest roof-mounted photovoltaic array, comprised of 2,856 modules and rates at 342 kW. This section describes the electrical and physical layout of the PV system, and the associated data acquisition system (DAS) which monitors the performance of the system and collects measurements of several important meteorological parameters.

Rohatgi, A.; Begovic, M.; Long, R.; Ropp, M.; Pregelj, A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

135

Post waterflood CO{sub 2} miscible flood in light oil, fluvial - dominated deltaic reservoirs. Technical progress report, 4th quarter, fiscal year 1994, July 1, 1994--September 30, 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Production from the Port Neches project has reached a new high of 500 BOPD, as shown. Production from several wells has improved after changing WAGer and CO{sub 2} injection patterns. The WAG process appears to be effective in FDD reservoirs. The WAT process has improved the oil production rates and simultaneously decreased the CO{sub 2} production rates from wells with high GOR. Material balance calculations indicate that the reservoir pressure remained relatively flat, and a new BHP will be taken this month to verify the calculations. Total CO{sub 2} injection is averaging about 9.5 MMCFD, including 3.9 MMCFD purchased from Cardox, as shown, and the balance is recycled from the producing wells. Over 50% of the gas was produced from one well, Khun No. 33. A CO{sub 2} injection line was installed to huff-puff well Khun No. 6 that did not respond yet to CO{sub 2} injection in well Khun No. 17. After injecting a limited CO{sub 2} volume in well Khun No. 6, this will be followed by a short shut-in period, then the well will be placed on production.

Not Available

1994-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Emission and Performance Comparison of the Natural Gas C-Gas Plus Engine in Heavy-Duty Trucks: Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Subcontractor report details results of on-road development and emissions characteristics of C-Gas Plus natural gas engine in Viking Freight heavy duty trucks. The objective of this project was to develop, on road and in service, a natural gas truck/bus engine (the C-Gas Plus) with higher horsepower, lower cost, and better performance and diagnostics than the previous C8.3G natural gas engine. The engine was to have an advanced engine management control system to enable implementation of proven technologies that improve engine performance and power density (hp/L). The C-Gas Plus engine was designed to meet the following objectives: (1) Higher engine ratings (280 hp and 850 ft-lb torque for the C-Gas Plus) than the C8.3G natural gas engine; (2) Lower capital cost than the C8.3G engine; and (3) Low emission standards: California Air Resources Board (CARB) low-NO{sub x} (oxides of nitrogen) (2.0 g/bhp-h) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Fuel Fleet Program ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) emission certifications.

Lyford-Pike, E. J.

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Speed Control in Industrial Refrigeration: Theory, Application & Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often standard practice in the field of industrial refrigeration to design and operate systems with little regard toward part-load performance. This approach is understandable, whether viewed from the standpoint of the design engineer, plant manager or chief operator. As long a space temperature and production rates are maintained during peak periods, the refrigeration system is viewed as operating "correctly". The truth is, most refrigeration systems spend some, if not most operating hours at reduced capacity. Screw compressors back off slide valves, evaporator coils utilize back-pressure regulators (BPRs) or liquid solenoids, and condensers cycle fans. Unfortunately, these control methods do not provide the maximum attainable reduction in brake horsepower (BHP) as refrigeration capacity is reduced. This paper will discuss the application of variable speed drive (VSD, also called "variable frequency drive", "adjustable speed drive", "inverter", or simply "freq. drive") technology to capacity control of screw compressors, evaporator fans, and condenser fans. As shown through theory and case study, speed control of these components provides maximum flexibility, control and energy efficiency.

Wilcox, M. H.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Metering Air Compressor Systems for Efficiency: A Progress Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air compressors have energy efficiency quantified as SCFM/BHP. However, this efficiency fluctuates over a broad range based on the loading of the compressor. When multiple compressors operate with varying loads, as in a central plant, the overall system efficiency is totally unknown. With funding from California Energy Commission under the PIER Program, we spent considerable effort over the past few years to develop system efficiency for air compressor central plants. The system efficiency was termed CASE Index, which varies from 0 to about 320, and has the units of SCF/KWH. The procedure we developed, involved metering of input (KWH) and output (SCFM), in and out of the central plant. After the initial beta testing of the procedure, as more and more compressor professionals started to use the procedure and as more metering equipments entered the picture, some metering complications were encountered. These problems were dealt with and the procedure developed under this project can produce reliable data. This paper also presents the system efficiencies we have recorded so far and the opportunities they indicate. The data shows a wide range, from a low 82 to about 250 on a 0 to 320 scale. This confirms our expectations of large energy efficiency improvement potential in compressed air systems.

Joseph, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Analyses and applications of pressure, flow rate, and temperature measurements during a perforating run. [Measurement while perforating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Perforating technology has undergone significant advances during the last decade. Tubing-conveyed perforating, underbalanced perforating, high-shot-density guns, better shaped charges, and improved gun systems have contributed to safer operations and improved productivity of the perforated completions. A recent development described in this paper is a perforating tool that makes real-time downhole measurements (including pressure, flow rate, temperature, gamma ray, casing-collar locator (CCL), and cable tension) during a perforating run and can selectively fire a number of guns at different depths or times. In addition to providing better control of the perforating process, the simultaneous downhole measurements can provide in a single trip a production log, conventional well tests before and after perforating, and a fill-up or slug test soon after perforating for underbalanced conditions. Thus, the completion can be evaluated in real time and any needed remedial reperforating can be performed while the gun is still in the hole. Other applications include limited-entry perforating, monitoring of bottomhole pressure (BHP) during minifracture jobs, better depth control with a gamma ray detector, fluid-level monitoring, and underbalance control. The applications of these measurements, with field data obtained with the Measurement While Perforating (MWP{sup SM}) tool, are the subject of this paper. Examples show the capabilities and the versatility of the MWP tool.

Tariq, S.M. (Schlumberger Perforating and Testing Center (US)); Ayestaran, L.C. (Schlumberger Well Services (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

U.S.-CHINA RADIOLOGICAL SOURCE SECURITY PROJECT: CONTINUING AND EXPANDING BILATERAL COOPERATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The successful radiological security cooperation between the U.S. and China to secure at-risk sites near venues of the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics has led to an expanded bilateral nonproliferation cooperation scope. The U.S. Department of Energys National Nuclear Security Administration, the Chinese Atomic Energy Authority and the China Ministry of Environmental Protection are continuing joint efforts to secure radiological sources throughout China under the U.S.-China Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology (PUNT) Agreement. Joint cooperation activities include physical security upgrades of sites with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Category 1 radiological sources, packaging, recovery, and storage of high activity transuranic and beta gamma sources, and secure transportation practices for the movement of recovered sources. Expansion of cooperation into numerous provinces within China includes the use of integrated training workshops that will demonstrate methodologies and best practices between U.S. and Chinese radiological source security and recovery experts. The fiscal year 2009 expanded scope of cooperation will be conducted similar to the 2008 Olympic cooperation with the Global Threat Reduction Initiative taking the lead for the U.S., PUNT being the umbrella agreement, and Los Alamos, Sandia, and Oak Ridge National Laboratories operating as technical working groups. This paper outlines the accomplishments of the joint implementation and training efforts to date and discusses the possible impact on future U.S./China cooperation.

Zhu, Zhixuan; Zhou, Qifu; Yang, Yaoyun; Huang, Chaoyun; Lloyd, James; Williams, Adam; Feldman, Alexander; Streeper, Charles; Pope, Noah G.; Hawk, Mark; Rawl, Rick; Howell, Randy A.; Kennedy, Catherine

2009-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Peak load management: Potential options  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews options that may be alternatives to transmission construction (ATT) applicable both generally and at specific locations in the service area of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). Some of these options have potential as specific alternatives to the Shelton-Fairmount 230-kV Reinforcement Project, which is the focus of this study. A listing of 31 peak load management (PLM) options is included. Estimated costs and normalized hourly load shapes, corresponding to the respective base load and controlled load cases, are considered for 15 of the above options. A summary page is presented for each of these options, grouped with respect to its applicability in the residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural sectors. The report contains comments on PLM measures for which load shape management characteristics are not yet available. These comments address the potential relevance of the options and the possible difficulty that may be encountered in characterizing their value should be of interest in this investigation. The report also identifies options that could improve the efficiency of the three customer utility distribution systems supplied by the Shelton-Fairmount Reinforcement Project. Potential cogeneration options in the Olympic Peninsula are also discussed. These discussions focus on the options that appear to be most promising on the Olympic Peninsula. Finally, a short list of options is recommended for investigation in the next phase of this study. 9 refs., 24 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; De Steese, J.G.; Schultz, R.W.; Kellogg, M.A.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Lean NOx Trap Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Distributed energy is an approach for meeting energy needs that has several advantages. Distributed energy improves energy security during natural disasters or terrorist actions, improves transmission grid reliability by reducing grid load, and enhances power quality through voltage support and reactive power. In addition, distributed energy can be efficient since transmission losses are minimized. One prime mover for distributed energy is the natural gas reciprocating engine generator set. Natural gas reciprocating engines are flexible and scalable solutions for many distributed energy needs. The engines can be run continuously or occasionally as peak demand requires, and their operation and maintenance is straightforward. Furthermore, system efficiencies can be maximized when natural gas reciprocating engines are combined with thermal energy recovery for cooling, heating, and power applications. Expansion of natural gas reciprocating engines for distributed energy is dependent on several factors, but two prominent factors are efficiency and emissions. Efficiencies must be high enough to enable low operating costs, and emissions must be low enough to permit significant operation hours, especially in non-attainment areas where emissions are stringently regulated. To address these issues the U.S. Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission launched research and development programs called Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) and Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ARICE), respectively. Fuel efficiency and low emissions are two primary goals of these programs. The work presented here was funded by the ARES program and, thus, addresses the ARES 2010 goals of 50% thermal efficiency (fuel efficiency) and <0.1 g/bhp-hr emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx). A summary of the goals for the ARES program is given in Table 1-1. ARICE 2007 goals are 45% thermal efficiency and <0.015 g/bhp-hr NOx. Several approaches for improving the efficiency and emissions of natural gas reciprocating engines are being pursued. Approaches include: stoichiometric engine operation with exhaust gas recirculation and three-way catalysis, advanced combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition, and extension of the lean combustion limit with advanced ignition concepts and/or hydrogen mixing. The research presented here addresses the technical approach of combining efficient lean spark-ignited natural gas combustion with low emissions obtained from a lean NOx trap catalyst aftertreatment system. This approach can be applied to current lean engine technology or advanced lean engines that may result from related efforts in lean limit extension. Furthermore, the lean NOx trap technology has synergy with hydrogen-assisted lean limit extension since hydrogen is produced from natural gas during the lean NOx trap catalyst system process. The approach is also applicable to other lean engines such as diesel engines, natural gas turbines, and lean gasoline engines; other research activities have focused on those applications. Some commercialization of the technology has occurred for automotive applications (both diesel and lean gasoline engine vehicles) and natural gas turbines for stationary power. The research here specifically addresses barriers to commercialization of the technology for large lean natural gas reciprocating engines for stationary power. The report presented here is a comprehensive collection of research conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on lean NOx trap catalysis for lean natural gas reciprocating engines. The research was performed in the Department of Energy's ARES program from 2003 to 2007 and covers several aspects of the technology. All studies were conducted at ORNL on a Cummins C8.3G+ natural gas engine chosen based on industry input to simulate large lean natural gas engines. Specific technical areas addressed by the research include: NOx reduction efficiency, partial oxidation and reforming chemistry, and the effects of sulfur poisons on the partial oxidation

Parks, II, James E [ORNL; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Ponnusamy, Senthil [ORNL; Ferguson, Harley Douglas [ORNL; Williams, Aaron M [ORNL; Tassitano, James B [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Selective NOx Recirculation for Stationary Lean-Burn Natural Gas Engines  

SciTech Connect

Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) generated by internal combustion (IC) engines are implicated in adverse environmental and health effects. Even though lean-burn natural gas engines have traditionally emitted lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions compared to their diesel counterparts, natural gas engines are being further challenged to reduce NOx emissions to 0.1 g/bhp-hr. The Selective NOx Recirculation (SNR) approach for NOx reduction involves cooling the engine exhaust gas and then adsorbing the NOx from the exhaust stream, followed by the periodic desorption of NOx. By sending the desorbed NOx back into the intake and through the engine, a percentage of the NOx can be decomposed during the combustion process. SNR technology has the support of the Department of Energy (DOE), under the Advanced Reciprocating Engine Systems (ARES) program to reduce NOx emissions to under 0.1 g/bhp-hr from stationary natural gas engines by 2010. The NO decomposition phenomenon was studied using two Cummins L10G natural gas fueled spark-ignited (SI) engines in three experimental campaigns. It was observed that the air/fuel ratio ({lambda}), injected NO quantity, added exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) percentage, and engine operating points affected NOx decomposition rates within the engine. Chemical kinetic model predictions using the software package CHEMKIN were performed to relate the experimental data with established rate and equilibrium models. The model was used to predict NO decomposition during lean-burn, stoichiometric burn, and slightly rich-burn cases with added EGR. NOx decomposition rates were estimated from the model to be from 35 to 42% for the lean-burn cases and from 50 to 70% for the rich-burn cases. The modeling results provided an insight as to how to maximize NOx decomposition rates for the experimental engine. Results from this experiment along with chemical kinetic modeling solutions prompted the investigation of rich-burn operating conditions, with added EGR to prevent preignition. It was observed that the relative air/fuel ratio, injected NO quantity, added EGR fraction, and engine operating points affected the NO decomposition rates. While operating under these modified conditions, the highest NO decomposition rate of 92% was observed. In-cylinder pressure data gathered during the experiments showed minimum deviation from peak pressure as a result of NO injections into the engine. A NOx adsorption system, from Sorbent Technologies, Inc., was integrated with the Cummins engine, comprised a NOx adsorbent chamber, heat exchanger, demister, and a hot air blower. Data were gathered to show the possibility of NOx adsorption from the engine exhaust, and desorption of NOx from the sorbent material. In order to quantify the NOx adsorption/desorption characteristics of the sorbent material, a benchtop adsorption system was constructed. The temperature of this apparatus was controlled while data were gathered on the characteristics of the sorbent material for development of a system model. A simplified linear driving force model was developed to predict NOx adsorption into the sorbent material as cooled exhaust passed over fresh sorbent material. A mass heat transfer analysis was conducted to analyze the possibility of using hot exhaust gas for the desorption process. It was found in the adsorption studies, and through literature review, that NO adsorption was poor when the carrier gas was nitrogen, but that NO in the presence of oxygen was adsorbed at levels exceeding 1% by mass of the sorbent. From the three experimental campaigns, chemical kinetic modeling analysis, and the scaled benchtop NOx adsorption system, an overall SNR system model was developed. An economic analysis was completed, and showed that the system was impractical in cost for small engines, but that economies of scale favored the technology.

Nigel N. Clark

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

144

Development of an ultra-safe, ultra-low emissions natural gas fueled school bus: Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents work conducted under Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) Project 03-6871, ``Development of an Ultra-Safe and Low-Emission Dedicated Alternative Fuel School Bus.`` The project was sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Subcontract No. ZCF-5-13519-01. This report documents Phase 3 -- Integration and Phase 4 -- Demonstration and serves as the final report for this project. Phase 1 -- Systems Design and Phase 2 -- Prototype Hardware Development were documented in NREL publications TP-425-7609 and TP-425-2 1081, respectively. Several significant areas of work are summarized in this report. Integration of the engine technologies developed under Phase 2 into a production Deere 8.1-L, spark-ignition compressed natural gas engine is detailed, including information on the engine and control system modifications that were made. Federal Test Procedure (FTP) emissions results verifying the ultra-low emissions output of this engine are also included. The informal project goal of producing oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) emissions less than or equal to 1.0 g/bhp-hr over the FTP heavy-duty engine cycle was attained. In addition, a test run that resulted in less than one half of the Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle limit for NO{sub x} plus non-methane hydrocarbons was obtained. These results were for engine-out (no catalyst) emissions. Results using a catalyst produced very low formaldehyde emissions and virtually zero carbon monoxide and particulate matter emissions. Following these excellent results, a duplicate engine was assembled and integrated into the prototype ultra-safe school bus, the Envirobus 2000. Many of the new and modified subsystems developed during this project for the engine are considered strong candidates for inclusion into the production Deere 8.1-L gas engine in the near future.

Kubesh, J.T. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Conversion of a diesel engine to a spark ignition natural gas engine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Requirements for alternatives to diesel-fueled vehicles are developing, particularly in urban centers not in compliance with mandated air quality standards. An operator of fleets of diesel- powered vehicles may be forced to either purchase new vehicles or equip some of the existing fleets with engines designed or modified to run on alternative fuels. In converting existing vehicles, the operator can either replace the existing engine or modify it to burn an alternative fuel. Work described in this report addresses the problem of modifying an existing diesel engine to operate on natural gas. Tecogen has developed a technique for converting turbocharged automotive diesel engines to operate as dedicated spark-ignition engines with natural gas fuel. The engine cycle is converted to a more-complete-expansion cycle in which the expansion ratio of the original engine is unchanged while the effective compression ratio is lowered, so that engine detonation is avoided. The converted natural gas engine, with an expansion ratio higher than in conventional spark- ignition natural gas engines, offers thermal efficiency at wide-open- throttle conditions comparable to its diesel counterpart. This allows field conversion of existing engines. Low exhaust emissions can be achieved when the engine is operated with precise control of the fuel air mixture at stoichiometry with a 3-way catalyst. A Navistar DTA- 466 diesel engine with an expansion ratio of 16.5 to 1 was converted in this way, modifying the cam profiles, increasing the turbocharger boost pressure, incorporating an aftercooler if not already present, and adding a spark-ignition system, natural gas fuel management system, throttle body for load control, and an electronic engine control system. The proof-of-concept engine achieved a power level comparable to that of the diesel engine without detonation. A conversion system was developed for the Navistar DT 466 engine. NOx emissions of 1.5 g/bhp-h have been obtained.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Regulated Emissions from Biodiesel Tested in Heavy-Duty Engines Meeting 2004 Emission Standards  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel produced from soybean oil, canola oil, yellow grease, and beef tallow was tested in two heavy-duty engines. The biodiesels were tested neat and as 20% by volume blends with a 15 ppm sulfur petroleum-derived diesel fuel. The test engines were the following: 2002 Cummins ISB and 2003 DDC Series 60. Both engines met the 2004 U.S. emission standard of 2.5 g/bhp-h NO{sub x}+HC (3.35 g/kW-h) and utilized exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). All emission tests employed the heavy-duty transient procedure as specified in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations. Reduction in PM emissions and increase in NO{sub x} emissions were observed for all biodiesels in all engines, confirming observations made in older engines. On average PM was reduced by 25% and NO{sub x} increased by 3% for the two engines tested for a variety of B20 blends. These changes are slightly larger in magnitude, but in the same range as observed in older engines. The cetane improver 2-ethyl hexyl nitrate was shown to have no measurable effect on NO{sub x} emissions from B20 in these engines, in contrast to observations reported for older engines. The effect of intake air humidity on NO{sub x} emissions from the Cummins ISB was quantified. The CFR NO{sub x}/humidity correction factor was shown to be valid for an engine equipped with EGR, operating at 1700 m above sea level, and operating on conventional or biodiesel.

McCormick, R. L.; Tennant, C. J.; Hayes, R. R.; Black, S.; Ireland, J.; McDaniel, T.; Williams, A.; Frailey, M.; Sharp, C. A.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0378 October 2007 Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS - 0378 D e p a r t m e n t o f E n e r g y Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability and Bonneville Power Administration October 2007 Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project DOE/EIS-0378 Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE): Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Title of Proposed Project: Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project State Affected: Washington (WA) Abstract: Sea Breeze Olympic Converter LP (Sea Breeze) has applied to DOE for authorizations and approvals

148

Shedding Light on the Solar Decathlon 2013 Teams | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shedding Light on the Solar Decathlon 2013 Teams Shedding Light on the Solar Decathlon 2013 Teams Shedding Light on the Solar Decathlon 2013 Teams August 29, 2012 - 10:13am Addthis Meet the teams competing in the Solar Decathlon 2013 and get a feel for their different personalities. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What is the Solar Decathlon? Started in 2002 and held every two years, the Solar Decathlon challenges university teams to create affordable, energy-efficient solar-powered houses. Like an Olympic Decathlon, the Solar Decathlon consists of 10 contests to gauge houses' energy performance and affordability. As part of the competition, students from different academic disciplines get a chance to work together and gain training needed to work

149

PNNL GridWise | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GridWise GridWise Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GridWise Name GridWise Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Resource Type Case studies/examples Website http://gridwise.pnl.gov/ Country United States Northern America References Gridwise Vision[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Highlights 3 Notes 4 References Overview This is a case study of two year-long demonstration projects that tested demand-response concepts. The Grid Friendly Appliance Project demonstrated how household appliances can reduce energy consumption at critical moments when they are fitted with controllers that sense stress on the grid. The Olympic Peninsula Project found that homeowners are willing to adjust their energy use based on price signals provided via information technology

150

PNNL GridWise | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GridWise GridWise (Redirected from GridWise) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GridWise Name GridWise Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Resource Type Case studies/examples Website http://gridwise.pnl.gov/ Country United States Northern America References Gridwise Vision[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Highlights 3 Notes 4 References Overview This is a case study of two year-long demonstration projects that tested demand-response concepts. The Grid Friendly Appliance Project demonstrated how household appliances can reduce energy consumption at critical moments when they are fitted with controllers that sense stress on the grid. The Olympic Peninsula Project found that homeowners are willing to adjust their energy use based on price signals provided via information technology

151

EIS-0378: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Final Environmental Impact Statement : Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0378: Final Environmental Impact Statement Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Sea Breeze Olympic Converter LP (Sea Breeze) has applied to DOE for authorizations and approvals necessary to construct the United States (U.S.) portion of an international electric power transmission cable. Sea Breeze's proposed cable would extend from the greater Victoria area (View Royal), British Columbia, Canada, across the Strait of Juan de Fuca to Port Angeles, Clallam County, WA, U.S. The U.S. portion is called the Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project. Sea Breeze has applied to DOE/OE for a Presidential permit to construct, operate, maintain, and connect the proposed cable across the U.S.-Canada international border.

152

EIS-0378: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0378: Draft Environmental Impact Statement Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Sea Breeze Olympic Converter LP (Sea Breeze) has applied to the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for authorizations and approvals necessary to construct the U.S. portion of a proposed international electric power transmission cable. Specifically, Sea Breeze has applied to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE/OE), an organizational unit within DOE, for a Presidential permit for its project. Sea Breeze has also submitted a request to Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), another organizational unit within DOE, for interconnection into the federal transmission system. EIS-0378-DEIS-Summary-2007.pdf

153

Stay Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool Stay Above Water with an Efficient Swimming Pool August 10, 2009 - 10:38am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL All eyes were on the pool recently for swimming's 2009 World Championships in Rome. As a former competitive swimmer (though I was a dog-paddler compared to the likes of Michael Phelps and Ariana Kukors), these events hold a special place in my heart, and I managed to catch a few exciting moments in the competition. I'm no longer involved in the world of swimming, but I can only imagine that interest in the sport has skyrocketed since last year's thrilling Olympics in Beijing. Maybe you or your children were inspired to get serious about swimming; maybe you've even decided to install a pool at your

154

Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gov gov Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM National Academy of Sciences Committee on Transition to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager Fuel Cell Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy 3/22/2011 2 | Fuel Cell Technologies Program Source: US DOE 3/3/2011 eere.energy.gov Global Market Overview International Landscape favors H 2 & Fuel Cells * Germany (>$1.2B; 1,000 H 2 stations) * European Commission (>$1.2B, 2008-2013) * Japan (2M vehicles, 1,000 H 2 stations by 2025) * South Korea (plans to produce 20% of world shipments & create 560,000 jobs in Korea) * China (thousands of small units; 70 FCVs, buses, 100 shuttles at World Expo, Olympics) * Subsidies for jobs, manufacturing, deployments

155

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2009 Contests and Scoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

women switching out team name plates on a large sign labeled "Leaderboard." women switching out team name plates on a large sign labeled "Leaderboard." Solar Decathlon organizers update the solar village leaderboard with the latest standings. Solar Decathlon 2009 Contests and Scoring Just like the well-known Olympic decathlon, the Solar Decathlon consists of 10 contests that center on all of the ways in which we use energy in our daily lives. Here you'll find information about the 10 contests and how they were scored. To compete, the teams must design and build energy-efficient homes that are powered exclusively by the sun. The houses are required to: Be attractive and easy to live in Maintain comfortable and healthy indoor environmental conditions Feature appealing and adequate lighting Supply energy to household appliances for cooking and cleaning

156

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Ontario/BC: Inspiring Sustainability From North  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North House on the National Mall at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge North House on the National Mall at Solar Decathlon 2009. Enlarge image Team Ontario/BC's North House returned to the University of Waterloo campus after placing fourth overall at Solar Decathlon 2009. (Credit: Jim Tetro/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Photo of West House surrounded by skyscrapers in Vancouver. Enlarge image Team Ontario/BC's North House inspired West House, pictured here. While West House went to the Winter 2010 Olympics in Vancouver, North House now resides permanently near the University of Waterloo campus. (Credit: Lyn Bartram/City of Vancouver) Who: Team Ontario/BC What: North House Where: North House University of Waterloo 200 University Ave. West Waterloo, Ontario Map This House West House East Vancouver Cedar Cottage Community Garden

157

Hot Showers, Fresh Laundry, Clean Dishes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hot Showers, Fresh Laundry, Clean Dishes Hot Showers, Fresh Laundry, Clean Dishes Hot Showers, Fresh Laundry, Clean Dishes March 5, 2013 - 11:17am Addthis The GE GeoSpring™ Electric Heat Pump Water Heater is readily integrated into new and existing home designs. Taking up the same footprint as a traditional 50-gallon tank water heater, the Electric Heat Pump Water Heater uses the existing water heater's plumbing and electrical connections. Credit: GE The GE GeoSpring(tm) Electric Heat Pump Water Heater is readily integrated into new and existing home designs. Taking up the same footprint as a traditional 50-gallon tank water heater, the Electric Heat Pump Water Heater uses the existing water heater's plumbing and electrical connections. Credit: GE To introduce this new electric heat pump water heater, GE ran a memorable ad during the 2010 Winter Olympics featuring snow monkeys enjoying a hot soak. Credit: GE

158

FY 2013 Budget Request Office of Environmental Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM Mission 4 Office of Environmental Management Deactivate and decommission over 5,000 facilities Protect and clean up more than 10,000 groundwater and soil sites The EM Challenge: Cleaning Up Five Decades of Nuclear Research and Weapons Production 5 Disposition nearly 1.9 million cubic meters of radioactive waste (low level/mixed low level, transuranic, and high level waste) -- enough to fill over 750 Olympic-sized swimming pools Office of Environmental Management We work with some of the most dangerous substances known to humanity... Performing first-of-a-kind tasks in highly hazardous work environments Holding basin for spent nuclear fuel Workers using glovebox to handle plutonium

159

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 5080 of 8,172 results. 71 - 5080 of 8,172 results. Download CX-006788: Categorical Exclusion Determination Olympic Pipeline Company Fence Upgrade at South Tacoma Substation CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 09/07/2011 Location(s): Pierce County, Washington Office(s): Bonneville Power Administration http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-006788-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-006802: Categorical Exclusion Determination Municipal Complex Solar Power Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09/07/2011 Location(s): Perth Amboy, New Jersey Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-006802-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-006491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Photovoltaic Manufacturing Consortium CX(s) Applied: B3.6

160

DOE/EIS-0378-SA-01: Supplement Analysis for the Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0378-SA-01) (02/05/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 5, 2008 February 5, 2008 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmssion Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0378/SA-01) Mark Korsness Project Manager - TEP TPP-3 Proposed Action: Relocation of the marine exit hole for the horizontal directionally drilled (HDD) hole that would be drilled under the Proposed Action. Proposed by: Sea Breeze Olympic Converter LP (Sea Breeze). Location: Port Angeles Harbor near Port Angeles, Washington. Background: As part of its proposed international transmission cable analyzed in the Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmssion Project EIS, Sea Breeze has proposed the drilling of a HDD hole to transition the cable from the sea bed of the Strait of Juan de Fuca to land. The HDD hole

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161

Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This summary includes information regarding the following elements of the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) prepared for the Port Angeles-Juan de Fuca Transmission Project: * purpose and need for action; * Proposed Action and No Action Alternative; and * affected environment, environmental impacts, and mitigation measures. S.1 Purpose and Need for Action Sea Breeze Olympic Converter LP (Sea Breeze) has applied to the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for authorizations and approvals necessary to construct the U.S. portion of a proposed international electric power transmission cable. Specifically, Sea Breeze has applied to the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE/OE), an organizational unit within DOE, for a Presidential permit for its project. Sea Breeze has also submitted a request to

162

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2005 Teams  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

talking. talking. Members of the Maryland and Colorado teams became good neighbors and friends during Solar Decathlon 2002. Solar Decathlon 2005 Teams Eighteen teams of college and university students competed in the 2005 Solar Decathlon. The students and their amazing work took center stage on the National Mall in the nation's capital. Teams began assembly of their "solar village" on the Mall on September 29, 2005. Teams are made up of students pursuing degrees in engineering, architecture, computer science, public relations, marketing, and other disciplines. Just like the Olympic decathletes, they need to draw on all of their strengths and skills to troubleshoot, communicate, dream, and build these original solar homes. So, having a well-balanced team-rather than a team with just one or two

163

The 2010 Shanghai World Expo: The Challenge for Distributed Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The 2010 Shanghai World Expo: The Challenge for Distributed Energy The 2010 Shanghai World Expo: The Challenge for Distributed Energy Speaker(s): Weijun Gao Date: May 22, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 The economy of China is expected continue its breakneck expansion. Beijing will host the summer Olympics in 2008, and Shanghai will be the site of the World Expo in 2010. The entire world is afraid Mothership Earth cannot endure the environmental load caused by China's 13 billion people. Over the past century, the average temperature in Shanghai has increased by 1.5C, more than three times of the global average. The temperature increase in the recent decade was a very rapid 0.11C, and this tendency will continue at least for a few years. The main culprit of such dramatic climate change is directly connected with the increase of energy consumption. For more

164

Ruihua Construction Corporation RHC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ruihua Construction Corporation RHC Ruihua Construction Corporation RHC Jump to: navigation, search Name Ruihua Construction Corporation (RHC) Place Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip 518040 Sector Solar Product A construction company whose solar subsidiary Resun Solar is constructing a building-integrated PV (BIPV) installation for the Olympics. Coordinates 22.546789°, 114.112556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.546789,"lon":114.112556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations June 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (509) 376-6773 Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - Hanford workers are pouring enough cement-like material to fill six Olympic-size wimming pools in one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) largest nuclear facilities at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State to prepare the massive building for demolition.

166

Washington | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2011 0, 2011 CX-006068: Categorical Exclusion Determination Site Characterization and Environmental Monitoring CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 06/20/2011 Location(s): Richland, Washington Office(s): Office of River Protection-Richland Office June 14, 2011 Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations RICHLAND, Wash. - Hanford workers are pouring enough cement-like material to fill six Olympic-size swimming pools in one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) largest nuclear facilities at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State to prepare the massive building for demolition. June 14, 2011 CX-006253: Categorical Exclusion Determination North Bonneville-Ross #1 230-Kilovolt, North Bonneville-Troutdale #2

167

Data Quality Objectives Supporting Radiological Air Emissions Monitoring for the Marine Sciences Laboratory, Sequim Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document of Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) was prepared based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance on Systematic Planning Using the Data Quality Objectives Process, EPA, QA/G4, 2/2006 (EPA 2006), as well as several other published DQOs. The intent of this report is to determine the necessary steps required to ensure that radioactive emissions to the air from the Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) headquartered at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys Sequim Marine Research Operations (Sequim Site) on Washington States Olympic Peninsula are managed in accordance with regulatory requirements and best practices. The Sequim Site was transitioned in October 2012 from private operation under Battelle Memorial Institute to an exclusive use contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office.

Barnett, J. M.; Meier, Kirsten M.; Snyder, Sandra F.; Antonio, Ernest J.; Fritz, Brad G.; Poston, Theodore M.

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

168

Geothermal energy development in Washington State. A guide to the federal, state and local regulatory process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Washington State's geothermal potential is wide spread. Hot springs and five strato volcanoes existing throughout the Cascade Range, limited hot spring activity on the Olympic Peninsula, and broad reaching, low temperature geothermal resources found in the Columbia Basin comprise the extent of Washington's known geothermal resources. Determination of resource ownership is the first step in proceeding with geothermal exploration and development activities. The federal and state processes are examined from pre-lease activity through leasing and post-lease development concerns. Plans, permits, licenses, and other requirements are addressed for the federal, state, and local level. Lease, permit, and other forms for a number of geothermal exploration and development activities are included. A map of public lands and another displaying the measured geothermal resources throughout the state are provided.

Bloomquist, R.G.; Simpson, S.J.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Nation Weekly July 18, 2004, Volume 1, Number 13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.nation.com.np JULY 18, 2004 VOL. I, NO. 13 STRIKING TEACHERS CRICKET BLUES SANGINA'S OLYMPIC DREAMS | | RS. 30 ISSN 1811-721X CAN THE NEW CABINET SOLVE OLD PROBLEMS C O M P L I M E N T A R Y ClubHimalaya ClubHimalaya ACEHOTELS&RESORTS e... g l e R s . 3 4 0 0 F o r D o u b l e cover.pm6 7/10/04, 12:20 AM1 #1;#2;#3;#4;#5;#6;#7; #1;#1; #2;#3;#4;#3;#5;#6;#7;#8; #11;#12; #14; #1;#2;#3;#4;#5;#6;#7;#8; #11;#3;#12; #14;#15;#14; #7; #1;#2;#3;#4;#5;#6;#7;#8;#4; #2; #11;#12; #4...

Upadhyay, Akhilesh

170

Effects of Demand Response on Retail and Wholesale Power Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand response has grown to be a part of the repertoire of resources used by utilities to manage the balance between generation and load. In recent years, advances in communications and control technology have enabled utilities to consider continuously controlling demand response to meet generation, rather than the other way around. This paper discusses the economic applications of a general method for load resource analysis that parallels the approach used to analyze generation resources and uses the method to examine the results of the US Department of Energys Olympic Peninsula Demonstration Testbed. A market-based closed-loop system of controllable assets is discussed with necessary and sufficient conditions on system controllability, observability and stability derived.

Chassin, David P.; Kalsi, Karanjit

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

171

Multi-criteria decision analysis: Limitations, pitfalls, and practical difficulties  

SciTech Connect

The 2002 Winter Olympics women's figure skating competition is used as a case study to illustrate some of the limitations, pitfalls, and practical difficulties of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA). The paper compares several widely used models for synthesizing the multiple attributes into a single aggregate value. The various MCDA models can provide conflicting rankings of the alternatives for a common set of information even under states of certainty. Analysts involved in MCDA need to deal with the following challenging tasks: (1) selecting an appropriate analysis method, and (2) properly interpreting the results. An additional trap is the availability of software tools that implement specific MCDA models that can beguile the user with quantitative scores. These conclusions are independent of the decision domain and they should help foster better MCDA practices in many fields including systems engineering trade studies.

Kujawski, Edouard

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Stem Densities of Trees from Overstocked Mixed Conifer Stands of Western Hemlock, Douglas-fir and Western Redcedar.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents results from a stem density (wood and bark combined) study conducted on trees from overstocked mixed conifer stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and western redcedar (Thuja plicata) located on the Quilcene Ranger District, Olympic National Forest in the State of Washington. Information on the density of stem wood that is available in literature generally have been derived from trees growing in stands of normal stocking levels. Stem densities, an essential parameter in the determination of stem biomass, have not been investigated for trees growing in overstocked conditions. Predictive estimators of density based on data derived from studies of normally stocked stands can not be applied to trees growing in an overstocked condition with any reliability. There is need to specifically examine stem densities in trees grown under these adverse conditions. 3 refs., 3 tabs.

Pong, W.Y.; Waddell, Dale R.; Biomass and Energy Project (Portland, Or.)

1985-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Geothermal energy in Washington: site data base and development status  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an attempt to identify the factors which have affected and will continue to affect geothermal assessment and development in the state. The eight potential sites chosen for detailed analysis include: Indian Heaven KGRA, Mount St. Helens KGRA, Kennedy Hot Springs KGRA, Mount Adams PGRA (Potential Geothermal Resource Area), Mount Rainier PGRA, Mount Baker PGRA, Olympic-Sol Duc Hot Springs, and Yakima. The following information is included for each site: site data, site location and physical description, geological/geophysical description, reservoir characteristics, land ownership and leasing, geothermal development status, institutional characteristics, environmental factors, transportation and utilities, and population. A number of serious impediments to geothermal development were identified which can be solved only by legislative action at the state or federal level and/or changes in attitudes by regulatory agencies. (MHR)

Bloomquist, R.G.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations June 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (509) 376-6773 Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - Hanford workers are pouring enough cement-like material to fill six Olympic-size wimming pools in one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) largest nuclear facilities at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State to prepare the massive building for demolition.

175

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » 2013 » July  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July, 2013 July, 2013 Greetings From Solar Decathlon China! Wednesday, July 31, 2013 By Richard King I just arrived at the first Solar Decathlon China in Datong, and it is beyond awesome. Solar Decathlon started in the United States, spread to Europe, and is now in Asia. Each time it moved, our international friends and colleagues took a good idea and made it better. Solar Decathlon China has taken on the flavor of the Olympics in both size and complexion. The City of Datong has built an impressive site for the competition-complete with a hotel called the Sun Palace for the hundreds of decathletes, a beautifully designed village for the competition houses, and facilities to accommodate thousands of visitors. To top that, the site is located in the middle of a new cultural center where a museum, theater,

176

DOE Solar Decathlon: Contests  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Decathlon Contests Solar Decathlon Contests Like the Olympic decathlon, the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon consists of 10 contests. These contests are designed to gauge how well the houses perform and how livable and affordable they are. Each contest is worth a maximum of 100 points, for a competition total of 1,000 points. Teams can earn points three ways: Task completion Teams complete household tasks such as cooking, washing dishes, and doing laundry. Monitored performance Team houses perform to specified criteria, such as maintaining a comfortable (71°-76°F) indoor temperature range. Jury evaluation Jurors who are experts in their field (such as architecture, engineering, and communications) award points for features that cannot be measured (such as aesthetics and design inspiration).

177

Low Temperature Combustion Demonstrator for High Efficiency Clean Combustion  

SciTech Connect

The project which extended from November 2005 to May of 2010 demonstrated the application of Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) with engine out NOx levels of 0.2 g/bhp-hr throughout the program target load of 12.6bar BMEP. The project showed that the range of loads could be extended to 16.5bar BMEP, therefore matching the reference lug line of the base 2007 MY Navistar 6.4L V8 engine. Results showed that the application of LTC provided a dramatic improvement over engine out emissions when compared to the base engine. Furthermore LTC improved thermal efficiency by over 5% from the base production engine when using the steady state 13 mode composite test as a benchmark. The key enablers included improvements in the air, fuel injection, and cooling systems made in Phases I and II. The outcome was the product of a careful integration of each component under an intelligent control system. The engine hardware provided the conditions to support LTC and the controller provided the necessary robustness for a stable combustion. Phase III provided a detailed account on the injection strategy used to meet the high load requirements. During this phase, the control strategy was implemented in a production automotive grade ECU to perform cycle-by-cycle combustion feedback on each of the engine cylinders. The control interacted on a cycle base with the injection system and with the Turbo-EGR systems according to their respective time constants. The result was a unique system that could, first, help optimize the combustion system and maintain high efficiency, and secondly, extend the steady state results to the transient mode of operation. The engine was upgraded in Phase IV with a Variable Valve Actuation system and a hybrid EGR loop. The impact of the more versatile EGR loop did not provide significant advantages, however the application of VVA proved to be an enabler to further extend the operation of LTC and gain considerable benefits in fuel economy and soot reduction. Finally, the transient demonstration was performed in Phase IV. The project demonstrated the achievement of meeting US10 emissions without NOx aftertreatment. The successful execution of the project has served to highlight the effectiveness of closely matched combustion predictive tools to engine testing. It has further served to highlight the importance of key technologies and future areas of research and development. In this regard, recommendations are made towards further improvements in the areas of engine hardware, fuel injection systems, controls and fuels.

Ojeda, William de

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

Advanced Production Surface Preparation Technology Development for Ultra-High Pressure Diesel Injection  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 2007, An Ultra High Injection Pressure (UHIP) fueling method has been demonstrated by Caterpillar Fuel Systems - Product Development, demonstrating ability to deliver U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) Tier 4 Final diesel engine emission performance with greatly reduced emissions handling components on the engine, such as without NOx reduction after-treatment and with only a through-flow 50% effective diesel particulate trap (DPT). They have shown this capability using multiple multi-cylinder engine tests of an Ultra High Pressure Common Rail (UHPCR) fuel system with higher than traditional levels of CEGR and an advanced injector nozzle design. The system delivered better atomization of the fuel, for more complete burn, to greatly reduce diesel particulates, while CEGR or high efficiency NOx reduction after-treatment handles the NOx. With the reduced back pressure of a traditional DPT, and with the more complete fuel burn, the system reduced levels of fuel consumption by 2.4% for similar delivery of torque and horsepower over the best Tier 4 Interim levels of fuel consumption in the diesel power industry. The challenge is to manufacture the components in high-volume production that can withstand the required higher pressure injection. Production processes must be developed to increase the toughness of the injector steel to withstand the UHIP pulsations and generate near perfect form and finish in the sub-millimeter size geometries within the injector. This project resulted in two developments in 2011. The first development was a process and a machine specification by which a high target of compressive residual stress (CRS) can be consistently imparted to key surfaces of the fuel system to increase the toughness of the steel, and a demonstration of the feasibility of further refinement of the process for use in volume production. The second development was the demonstration of the feasibility of a process for imparting near perfect, durable geometry to these same feature surfaces to withstand the pulsating UHIP diesel injection without fatigue failure, through the expected life of the fuel system's components (10,000 hours for the pump and common rail, 5000 hours for the injector). The potential to Caterpillar of this fueling approach and the overall emissions reduction system is the cost savings of the fuel, the cost savings of not requiring a full emissions module and other emissions hardware, and the enabling of the use of biodiesel fuel due to the reduced dependency on after-treatment. A proprietary production CRS generating process was developed to treat the interior of the sac-type injector nozzle tip region (particularly for the sac region). Ninety-five tips passed ultra high pulsed pressure fatigue testing with no failures assignable to treated surfaces or materials. It was determined that the CRS impartation method does not weaken the tip internal seat area. Caterpillar Fuel Systems - Product Development accepts that the CRS method initial production technical readiness level has been established. A method to gage CRS levels in production was not yet accomplished, but it is believed that monitoring process parameters call be used to guarantee quality. A precision profiling process for injector seat and sac regions has been shown to be promising but not yet fully confirmed. It was demonstrated that this precision profiling process can achieve form and geometry to well under an aggressively small micron peak-to-valley and that there are no surface flaws that approach an even tighter micron peak-to-valley tolerance. It is planned to purchase machines to further develop and move the process towards production. The system is targeted towards the high-power diesel electric power generators and high-power diesel marine power generators, with displacement from 20 liters to 80 liters and with power from 800 brake horsepower (BHP) to 3200BHP (0.6 megawatts to 2.4 megawatts). However, with market adoption, this system has the potential to meet EPA exhaust standards for all diesel engines nine liters and up, or 300B

Grant, Marion B.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

179

Go for the Gold and Save Energy at Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Go for the Gold and Save Energy at Home Go for the Gold and Save Energy at Home Go for the Gold and Save Energy at Home August 15, 2012 - 4:53pm Addthis Amanda McAlpin The Olympic games just drew to a close; it's been an exciting time to be a citizen of the world. Watching them is always inspiring and energizing to me. It's motivation to go to the gym, learn something new, or revisit my own goals. Saving energy has always been an important goal for me, but it can be easy to lose be less mindful of it as I go about my daily life. Why not use this time to set some new energy goals for yourself, or to revisit the some old habits. Remind yourself of the little things you do every day to save energy, the habits that might have gotten a little lax with time. Do you still turn off the lights when you leave a room? Do you unplug appliances and power

180

US Renewables Group (California) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewables Group (California) Renewables Group (California) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US Renewables Group (California) Name US Renewables Group (California) Address 2425 Olympic Boulevard, Suite 4050 West Place Santa Monica, California Zip 90404 Region Southern CA Area Product Private equity firm investing exclusively in renewable energy. Phone number (310) 586-3900 Website http://www.usregroup.com/ Coordinates 34.028262°, -118.471066° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.028262,"lon":-118.471066,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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181

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, National Transuranic Program Have Banner Year  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plant, National Transuranic Program Have Plant, National Transuranic Program Have Banner Year in 2013 Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, National Transuranic Program Have Banner Year in 2013 December 24, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Since WIPP became operational in March 1999, it has surpassed receiving 11,000 shipments, which traveled over 14 million safe loaded miles over the nation’s highways through WIPP’s transportation program — equal to about 29 trips around the moon. WIPP has permanently disposed of more than 89,000 cubic meters of TRU waste — enough to fill more than 35 Olympic-size swimming pools. In 2013, WIPP is on course in support of the Los Alamos National Laboratory framework agreement with the State of New Mexico for complete removal of the above ground TRU waste stored at Area G by June 30, 2014. WIPP has cleaned 22 sites of legacy TRU waste.

182

EM News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

News News EM News RSS December 24, 2013 EM's December Newsletter Recaps Cold War Cleanup Accomplishments in 2013 On Dec. 19, EM completed demolition of the 4.8 million-square-foot Building K-25 at Oak Ridge, a milestone that capped a busy and successful 2013 for the Cold War cleanup program. December 24, 2013 Since WIPP became operational in March 1999, it has surpassed receiving 11,000 shipments, which traveled over 14 million safe loaded miles over the nation's highways through WIPP's transportation program - equal to about 29 trips around the moon. WIPP has permanently disposed of more than 89,000 cubic meters of TRU waste - enough to fill more than 35 Olympic-size swimming pools. In 2013, WIPP is on course in support of the Los Alamos National Laboratory framework agreement with the State of New Mexico for complete removal of the above ground TRU waste stored at Area G by June 30, 2014. WIPP has cleaned 22 sites of legacy TRU waste.

183

Standardization of a Hierarchical Transactive Control System  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe work they have conducted toward the generalization and standardization of the transactive control approach that was first demonstrated in the Olympic Peninsula Project for the management of a transmission constraint. The newly generalized approach addresses several potential shortfalls of the prior approach: First, the authors have formalized a hierarchical node structure which defines the nodes and the functional signal pathways between these nodes. Second, by fully generalizing the inputs, outputs, and functional responsibilities of each node, the authors make the approach available to a much wider set of responsive assets and operational objectives. Third, the new, generalized approach defines transactive signals that include the predicted day-ahead future. This predictive feature allows the market-like bids and offers to become resolved iteratively over time, thus allowing the behaviors of responsive assets to be called upon both for the present and as future dispatch decisions are being made. The hierarchical transactive control approach is a key feature of a proposed Pacific Northwest smart grid demonstration.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Oliver, Terry V.; Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

184

Solving the energy dilemma at Seven Bridges Ice Arena  

SciTech Connect

Seven Bridges Ice Arena with three ice skating rinks is among the largest ice skating facilities in the US. A complete fitness center, pro shop, second level observation gallery, restaurant, aerobics room, dance studio and children`s play room round out the 120,000 ft{sup 2} (11,215 m{sup 2}) world class facility. The Olympic Hockey League ice rink has seating for 800 spectators; and the National Hockey League ice rink has 1,200 spectator seats. The collegiate ice sheet has participant seating only. When building the one-year-old facility, the management initially solicited HVAC design/build system plans based on the usual Package Roof Top (RTU) heat/cool units or split system parameters. Such a plan could have been a disaster because high energy costs have contributed directly to the closing of 20 rinks in the Chicago area. This article describes a HVAC system that would take advantage of every Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECO) possible to ensure the economic well being of this property. This included a plan that uses the refrigeration for both cooling and heating, which eliminated the need for commercial packaged units.

Louria, D. [Air Comfort Corp., Broadview, IL (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Cost and Productivity of Multi-Product Processing for Small Diameter Trees : Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

This project evolved from an effort by the land manager, the United States Forest Service, to economically deal with thousands of acres of thick (doghair) Douglas-fir and hemlock forests on Washington's Olympic Peninsula. These forests are very densely stocked and the trees are small. Until this effort, there has been no reasonable way to get enough product from the sites to justify managing them. And, even this project required some special agreements between the landowner and the investigator to be viable. This report describes the in-woods processing system now working in doghair stands on the Quilcene District. As whole trees arrive at the landing, they are sorted by a Cat 225 shovel-type loader. Sawlogs are trimmed, limbed, bucked, and decked for transportation on conventional log trucks. Chip grade trees are passed through a prototype, multi-stem debarker/delimber and then chipped by a Morbark 23'' Chiparvester. Clean chips are transported in regular highway chip vans. All other materials, not sold as logs or clean chips, are processed by a prototype shredder, and taken from the site as hogfuel. 7 ref., 15 figs., 11 tabs.

Lambert, Michael B.; Howard, James O.; Hermann, Steven E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Ultrawideband radar clutter measurements of forested terrain, 1991--1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultrawideband (UWB) radar clutter measurements project was conducted to provide radar clutter data for new ultrawideband radar systems which are currently under development. A particular goal of this project is to determine if conventional narrow band clutter data may be extrapolated to the UWB case. This report documents measurements conducted in 1991 and additional measurements conducted in 1992. The original project consisted of clutter measurements of forested terrain in the Olympic National Forest near Sequim, WA. The impulse radar system used a 30 kW peak impulse source with a 2 Gigasample/second digitizer to form a UHF (300--1000 MHz) ultrawideband impulse radar system. Additional measurements were conducted in parallel using a Systems Planning Corporation (SPC) step-chirp radar system. This system utilized pulse widths of 1330 nanoseconds over a bandwidth of 300--1000 MHz to obtain similar resolution to the impulse system. Due to the slow digitizer data throughput in the impulse radar system, data collection rates were significantly higher using the step-chirp system. Additional forest clutter measurements were undertaken in 1992 to increase the amount of data available, and especially to increase the amount of data from the impulse radar system.

Sheen, D.M.; Severtsen, R.H.; Prince, J.M.; Davis, K.C.; Collins, H.D.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

SELECTIVE NOx RECIRCULATION FOR STATIONARY LEAN-BURN NATURAL GAS ENGINES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research program conducted at the West Virginia University Engine and Emissions Research Laboratory (EERL) is working towards the verification and optimization of an approach to remove nitric oxides from the exhaust gas of lean burn natural gas engines. This project was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under contract number: DE-FC26-02NT41608. Selective NOx Recirculation (SNR) involves three main steps. First, NOx is adsorbed from the exhaust stream, followed by periodic desorption from the aftertreatment medium. Finally the desorbed NOx is passed back into the intake air stream and fed into the engine, where a percentage of the NOx is decomposed. This reporting period focuses on the NOx decomposition capability in the combustion process. Although researchers have demonstrated NOx reduction with SNR in other contexts, the proposed program is needed to further understand the process as it applies to lean burn natural gas engines. SNR is in support of the Department of Energy goal of enabling future use of environmentally acceptable reciprocating natural gas engines through NOx reduction under 0.1 g/bhp-hr. The study of decomposition of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) during combustion in the cylinder was conducted on a 1993 Cummins L10G 240 hp lean burn natural gas engine. The engine was operated at different air/fuel ratios, and at a speed of 800 rpm to mimic a larger bore engine. A full scale dilution tunnel and analyzers capable of measuring NOx, CO{sub 2}, CO, HC concentrations were used to characterize the exhaust gas. Commercially available nitric oxide (NO) was used to mimic the NOx stream from the desorption process through a mass flow controller and an injection nozzle. The same quantity of NOx was injected into the intake and exhaust line of the engine for 20 seconds at various steady state engine operating points. NOx decomposition rates were obtained by averaging the peak values at each set point minus the baseline and finding the ratio between the injected NO amounts. It was observed that the air/fuel ratio, injected NO quantity and engine operating points affected the NOx decomposition rates of the natural gas engine. A highest NOx decomposition rate of 27% was measured from this engine. A separate exploratory tests conducted with a gasoline engine with a low air/fuel ratio yielded results that suggested, that high NOx decomposition rates may be possible if a normally lean burn engine were operated at conditions closer to stoichiometric, with high exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) for a brief period of time during the NOx decomposition phase and with a wider range of air/fuel ratios. Chemical kinetic model predictions using CHEMKIN were performed to relate the experimental data with the established rate and equilibrium models. NOx decomposition rates from 35% to 42% were estimated using the CHEMKIN software. This provided insight on how to maximize NOx decomposition rates for a large bore engine. In the future, the modeling will be used to examine the effect of higher NO{sub 2}/NO ratios that are associated with lower speed and larger bore lean burn operation.

Nigel Clark; Gregory Thompson; Richard Atkinson; Chamila Tissera; Matt Swartz; Emre Tatli; Ramprabhu Vellaisamy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Communication Simulations for Power System Applications  

SciTech Connect

New smart grid technologies and concepts, such as dynamic pricing, demand response, dynamic state estimation, and wide area monitoring, protection, and control, are expected to require considerable communication resources. As the cost of retrofit can be high, future power grids will require the integration of high-speed, secure connections with legacy communication systems, while still providing adequate system control and security. While considerable work has been performed to create co-simulators for the power domain with load models and market operations, limited work has been performed in integrating communications directly into a power domain solver. The simulation of communication and power systems will become more important as the two systems become more inter-related. This paper will discuss ongoing work at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to create a flexible, high-speed power and communication system co-simulator for smart grid applications. The framework for the software will be described, including architecture considerations for modular, high performance computing and large-scale scalability (serialization, load balancing, partitioning, cross-platform support, etc.). The current simulator supports the ns-3 (telecommunications) and GridLAB-D (distribution systems) simulators. Ongoing and future work will be described, including planned future expansions for a traditional transmission solver. A test case using the co-simulator, utilizing a transactive demand response system created for the Olympic Peninsula and AEP gridSMART demonstrations, requiring two-way communication between distributed and centralized market devices, will be used to demonstrate the value and intended purpose of the co-simulation environment.

Fuller, Jason C.; Ciraci, Selim; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Hauer, Matthew L.

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

189

Smart Technology Brings Power to the People  

SciTech Connect

Imagine youre at home one Saturday morning on the computer, as your son takes a shower, your daughter is watching TV, and a load of laundry is in your washer and dryer. Meanwhile, the fragrance of fresh-brewed coffee fills the house. You hear a momentary beep from the dryer that tells you that if you were to look, a high-energy price indicator would be displayed on the front panels of some of your favorite appliances. This tells you that you could save money right now by using less energy. (Youve agreed to this arrangement to help your utility avoid a substation upgrade. In return, you get a lower rate most of the time.) So you turn off some of the unneeded lights in your home and opt to wait until evening to run the dishwasher. Meanwhile, some of your largest appliances have automatically responded to this signal and have already reduced your homes energy consumption, saving you money. On January 11, 2006, demonstration projects were launched in 200 homes in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States to test and speed adoption of new smart grid technologies that can make the power grid more resilient and efficient. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory in Richland, Washington, is managing the yearlong study called the Pacific Northwest GridWise Testbed Demonstration, a project funded primarily by DOE. Through the GridWise Demonstration projects, researchers are gaining insight into energy consumers behavior while testing new technologies designed to bring the electric transmission system into the information age. Northwest utilities, appliance manufacturers and technology companies are also supporting this effort to demonstrate the devices and assess the resulting consumer response. A combination of devices, software and advanced analytical tools will give homeowners more information about their energy use and cost, and we want to know if this will modify their behavior. Approximately 100 homes on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State receive energy price information through a broadband Internet connection and have received automated demand-response thermostats and water heaters that can adjust energy use based on price. Fifty of those homes and an additional 50 homes in Yakima, Washington, and 50 homes in Gresham, Oregon, have computer chips helping control their dryers. These chips sense when the power transmission system is under stress and automatically turn off certain functions briefly until the grid can be stabilized by power operators.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Gephart, Julie M.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Comprehensive Renewable Energy Feasibility Study for the Makah Indian Tribe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to determine the technical feasibility, economic viability, and potential impacts of installing and operating a wind power station and/or small hydroelectric generation plants on the Makah reservation. The long-term objective is to supply all or a portion of Tribe's electricity from local, renewable energy sources in order to reduce costs, provide local employment, and reduce power outages. An additional objective was for the Tribe to gain an understanding of the requirements, costs, and benefits of developing and operating such plants on the reservation. The Makah Indian Reservation, with a total land area of forty-seven square miles, is located on the northwestern tip of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State. Four major watersheds drain the main Reservation areas and the average rainfall is over one hundred inches per year. The reservation's west side borders the Pacific Ocean, but mostly consists of rugged mountainous terrain between 500 and 1,900 feet in elevation. Approximately 1,200 tribal members live on the Reservation and there is an additional non-Indian residential population of about 300. Electric power is provided by the Clallam County PUD. The annual usage on the reservation is approximately 16,700 mWh. Project Work Wind Energy--Two anemometer suites of equipment were installed on the reservation and operated for a more than a year. An off-site reference station was identified and used to project long-term wind resource characteristics at the two stations. Transmission resources were identified and analyzed. A preliminary financial analysis of a hypothetical wind power station was prepared and used to gauge the economic viability of installation of a multi-megawatt wind power station. Small Hydroelectric--Two potential sites for micro/small-hydro were identified by analysis of previous water resource studies, topographical maps, and conversations with knowledgeable Makah personnel. Field trips were conducted to collect preliminary site data. A report was prepared by Alaska Power & Telephone (Larry Coupe) including preliminary layouts, capacities, potential environmental issues, and projected costs. Findings and Conclusions Wind Energy The average wind resources measured at both sites were marginal, with annual average wind speeds of 13.6-14.0 mph at a 65-meter hub height, and wind shears of 0.08-0.13. Using GE 1.5 MW wind turbines with a hub height of 65 meters, yields a net capacity factor of approximately 0.19. The cost-of-energy for a commercial project is estimated at approximately 9.6 cents per kWh using current costs for capital and equipment prices. Economic viability for a commercial wind power station would require a subsidy of 40-50% of the project capital cost, loans provided at approximately 2% rate of interest, or a combination of grants and loans at substantially below market rates. Recommendations: Because the cost-of-energy from wind power is decreasing, and because there may be small pockets of higher winds on the reservation, our recommendation is to: (1) Leave one of the two anemometer towers, preferably the 50-meter southern unit MCC, in place and continue to collect data from this site. This site would serve as an excellent reference anemometer for the Olympic Peninsula, and, (2) If funds permit, relocate the northern tower (MCB) to a promising small site closer to the transmission line with the hope of finding a more energetic site that is easier to develop. Small Hydroelectric There are a very limited number of sites on the reservation that have potential for economical hydroelectric development, even in conjunction with water supply development. Two sites emerged as the most promising and were evaluated: (1) One utilizing four creeks draining the north side of the Cape Flattery peninsula (Cape Creeks), and (2) One on the Waatch River to the south of Neah Bay. The Cape Creeks site would be a combination water supply and 512 kW power generation facility and would cost a approximately $11,100,000. Annual power generation would be approximately 1,300,0

RobertLynette; John Wade; Larry Coupe

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z