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1

UF in Belize Marine Ecology and Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UF in Belize Marine Ecology and Conservation Spring Extended: May 26-June 2, 2014 Understand Marine Ecology and Conservation. Explain Marine Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation Terms as they Relate to the Tropics of Belize. Compare and Contrast Marine Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation Principles and Practices

Florida, University of

2

PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF THE ACTINIDE BOROHYDRIDES: Pa(BH4)4, Np(BH4)4, AND Pu(BH4)4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pa (BH4 ) 4' Np (BH ) 4' AND Pu (BH ) 4 R. H. Banks, N. M.Pa(BH4 )4' Np(BH 4 )4' and Pu(BH4)4t R. H. Banks, N. M.Pa(BH )4' Np(BH )4' and Pu(BH )4 have been synthesized. U(

Banks, R.H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Belize: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize: Energy Resources Belize: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.25,"lon":-88.75,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

UF in Belize Wildlife Ecology & Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UF in Belize Wildlife Ecology & Conservation Spring Break March 1-9, 2014 Understand Ecology and Conservation. Explain Concepts and Terms. Compare and Contrast Wildlife Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation & Life Sciences Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Courses are taught by UF faculty WIS4905

Watson, Craig A.

5

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Belize Central America

6

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF Pa(IV), Np(IV), AND Pu(IV) BOROHYDRIDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a ( I V ) , N p ( I V ) , AND Pu(IV) BOROHYDRIDES Rodney H.borohydrides of Pa, Np, and Pu have been pre­ pared and someU(BH. ,)Pu(BHi<)ii are much more volatile

Banks, R.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Organization of American States (OAS) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.sepa-americas.net/p Program Start 2008 Program End 2009 Country Belize UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References OAS Project Database[1] "The main objective of the Project is to assess the market potential for cellulosic ethanol in Belize through sustainable implementation of cellulosic ethanol technology utilizing agricultural and forest residues as primary biomass feedstock. A supplementary objective will be to help prepare for potential future cellulosic ethanol projects in other Caribbean

8

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

9

Microsoft Word - BH-OM-1089 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-OM-1089 BH-OM-1089 Title: BH Fence Extension Modifications Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, equipment, tools, fabrication, transportation, supervision, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging required to install BH fence modifications. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

10

Microsoft Word - BH-09-038 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-09-038 BH-09-038 Title: Lower BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, tools, materials (except GFE), equipment, and supervision required to lower the existing BH 36" crude oil pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel and to install a new block valve and valve station. Excavation for the installation of the new portion of the 36" crude oil line, backfill and removal of the decommissioned section of the existing 36" line will be the responsibility of Jefferson County Drainage District No. 6 under the direction of a Government Representative. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions)

11

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1024 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Title: Replace BH Circuit Breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011 (Install) Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, materials (except GFE) and transportation required to remove existing BH oil circuit breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011 and install three new 138 kV SF 6 circuit breakers (supplied as government furnished equipment) on the existing foundations. Tasks include all electrical work and testing of equipment. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

12

Microsoft Word - BH-09-038A NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Title: Lower BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel GFE Description: Manufacturer/supplier shall provide 36" diameter pipe with fusion bonded epoxy coating, for crude oil service and store the pipe material until picked up by others. The manufacturer/supplier shall load materials onto Contractor supplied transportation. Installation of this Government Furnished Equiopment (GFE) will be performed by others under BH-09-038. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

13

Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o Jump to: navigation, search Name Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.) Place Germany Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product German based Construction Company specialising in the planning, financing, operation and management of renewable power projects particularly wind. References Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.) is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energiegesellschaft_Nordost_mBH_e_n_o&oldid=344807

14

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project 10 No. BH-MM-746  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-MM-746 BH-MM-746 Title: BH Anhydrite Pond Liner Replacement Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, equipment, materials, consumables, services, insurance, transportation, storage and supervision required to replace the BH Anhydrite Pond Liner. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

15

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-DS-171  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DS-171 DS-171 Title: Use RW Surge Line to BH Anhydrite Pond for RWIS Recycle Description: DOE M&O Contractor will cap the existing recycle line at the BH raw water intake structure for repair work and install a valve in place of the existing surge relief valve to serve as a recycle valve to control flow from the BH raw water intake pumps. The raw water surge line will discharge to the BH anhydrite pond while repairs are being made to the recycle line. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart 0 are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

16

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.3.2.4 245 Es Random Event Analysis for the 208 Pb( 51 V,Fission of 262 Bh Random Event Analysis Excitation FunctionsRf Lr Md, 248 Fm Random Event Analysis Discussion Comparison

Nelson, Sarah L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Flexibility and specificity of the interaction of MCL-1 with BIM BH3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactions among proteins of the BCL-2 family regulate apoptosis - the process of programmed cell death. This thesis focuses on interactions between anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins and BH3 peptides derived from pro-apoptotic ...

Fire, Emiko J. (Emiko June)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-09-080  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Door Repairs Door Repairs Description: Subcontractor shall provide all materials, equipment, tools, transportation, supervision, labor, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging needed to repair the doors on BH Buildings 802 and 812. Tasks include replacing one damaged coiling steel door, one damaged pedestrian door and damaged building components on BH Building 802; and replacing two corroded pedestrian doors, their frames and hardware, and damaged building trim components on BH Building 812. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

19

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-658  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

658 658 Title: Rework BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline Mainline Valves Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, materials, equipment and supervision required to rework the BH 36" crude oil pipeline mainline valves. Tasks include excavation of the valve stations, installation of vent valves, and rework of the crude oil pipeline mainline valves. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

20

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV Jennifer Bragg MD,rubra pilaris (PRP), type IV (circumscribed juvenile).Type IV PRP develops in prepubertal children, is typically

Bragg, Jennifer; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka; Orlow, Seth J; Schaffer, Julie V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Metastability And Crystal Structure of The Bialkali Complex Metal Hydride NaK(BH4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new bialkali borohydride, NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, was synthesized by mechanical milling of NaBH4 and KBH4 in a 1:1 ratio. The synthesis was conducted based on a prediction from a computational screening of hydrogen storage materials suggesting the potential stability of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. The new phase was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The Raman measurements indicated B-H vibrations of the (BH{sub 4}){sup -} anion, while magnetic resonance chemical shifts in {sup 23}Na, and {sup 39}K MAS NMR spectra showed new chemical environments for Na and K resulting from the formation of the new bialkali phase. X-ray diffraction spectra indicated a new crystal structure with rhombohedral symmetry, most likely in the space group R3, distinct from the starting materials NaBH{sub 4}, and KBH{sub 4}. Although in-situ XRD measurements indicated the material to be metastable, decomposing to the starting materials NaBH{sub 4} and KBH{sub 4}, the successful synthesis of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} demonstrates the ability of computational screening to predict candidates for hydrogen storage materials.

Seballos, L; Zhang, J Z; Ronnebro, E; Herberg, J L; Majzoub, E H

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Generation IV Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

an international initiative. A group of ten nations, including France, Japan, Russia, Korea, China, and Canada, are participating in the planning and development of Generation IV...

23

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-761  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Title: Replace BH RWIS Oil Water Separator Tank with Concrete Tank Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, materials, equipment and supervision required to replace the BH RWIS oil water separator tank with a new concrete tank. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

24

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-10-028  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10-028 10-028 Title: Re-seal Polyurethane Overcoat on BH Substation Relay Building 814 Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all services, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, facilities, labor, supervision, and materials needed to repair, clean, and re-coat the existing Polyurethane Foam Roofing System on the BH Substation relay Building 814. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

25

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OM-1012 OM-1012 Title: BH Raw Water Brine Header Piping Inspection Description: Subcontractor shall provide all supervision, transportation, labor, materials and equipment required to locate, excavate, and inspect two locations of the BH Raw Water/Brine Site Piping Header. Inspections will be performed by Automated Ultrasonic Testing. All work will be done on Government property. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart 0 are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

26

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1066,BM-MM-1067,WH-MM-1068.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, BM-MM-1067, WH-MM-1068 , BM-MM-1067, WH-MM-1068 Title: Pumping System for 100 MBD Cavern Capacity Maintenance - BH, BM, WH Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, materials, equipment, services, transportation, storage and supervision required to install new Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) buildings at the BH, BM, and WH SPR sites. The buildings will house the VFD electrical system used to control the operation of the site pumps. Tasks include excavation for all foundations; construction of concrete foundation, steel support structure, and precast concrete deck; and installation of GFE pre-fabricated metal building on concrete deck. Subcontractor shall evaluate and implement Green Building Design where applicable. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021)

27

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-785  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

85 85 Title: Install Temperature Monitoring on BH 36 inch Crude Oil Pipeline Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, tools, equipment, and supervision required to install temperature monitoring instrumentation on the BH 36 inch crude oil pipeline at valve stations 8PL00-MOV-02, 8PL00-MOV-04, 8PL00-MOV-05, and 8PL00- MOV-15. Tasks include installation of thermocouples, transmitters, and cables. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

28

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrons scattering techniques are ideally suited to directly probe H in materials due to the large incoherent scattering cross-section of hydrogen atom, and have been invaluable in providing direct insight into the local fluctuations and large amplitude motions in AB. Dihydrogen bonding may have a significant affect on materials to be used to store hydrogen for fuel-cell powered applications. We have noticed a trend of low temperature release of H2 in materials composed of hydridic and protonic hydrogen. This phenomenon has caught our attention and motivated our interest to gain more insight into dihydrogen bonding interactions in AB. We present results from a thorough Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) investigation of diffusive hydrogen motion in NH311BH3 and ND311BH3 to obtain (1) a direct measure of the rotational energy barriers the protonated species and (2) a confirmation of the 3-site jump model for rotational motion. The amplitude of the energy barrier of rotation of BH3 and NH3 determined by QENS are compared to those determined for BD3 and ND3 determined by 2H NMR studies.

Hess, Nancy J.; Hartman, Michael R.; Brown, Craig; Mamontov, Eugene; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Heldebrant, David J.; Daemen, Luke L.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

29

UNIFICATION OF LUMINOUS TYPE 1 QUASARS THROUGH C IV EMISSION  

SciTech Connect

Using a sample of {approx}30,000 quasars from the 7th Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we explore the range of properties exhibited by high-ionization, broad emission lines, such as C IV {lambda}1549. Specifically, we investigate the anti-correlation between continuum luminosity and emission-line equivalent width (the Baldwin Effect (BEff)) and the 'blueshifting' of the high-ionization emission lines with respect to low-ionization emission lines. Employing improved redshift determinations from Hewett and Wild, the blueshift of the C IV emission line is found to be nearly ubiquitous, with a mean shift of {approx}810 km s{sup -1} for radio-quiet (RQ) quasars and {approx}360 km s{sup -1} for radio-loud (RL) quasars. The BEff is present in both RQ and RL samples. We consider these phenomena within the context of an accretion disk-wind model that is modulated by the nonlinear correlation between ultraviolet and X-ray continuum luminosity. Composite spectra are constructed as a function of C IV emission-line properties in an attempt to reveal empirical relationships between different line species and the continuum. Within a two-component disk+wind model of the broad emission-line region (BELR), where the wind filters the continuum seen by the disk component, we find that RL quasars are consistent with being dominated by the disk component, while broad absorption line quasars are consistent with being dominated by the wind component. Some RQ objects have emission-line features similar to RL quasars; they may simply have insufficient black hole (BH) spin to form radio jets. Our results suggest that there could be significant systematic errors in the determination of L{sub bol} and BH mass that make it difficult to place these findings in a more physical context. However, it is possible to classify quasars in a paradigm where the diversity of BELR parameters is due to differences in an accretion disk wind between quasars (and over time); these differences are underlain primarily by the spectral energy distribution, which ultimately must be tied to BH mass and accretion rate.

Richards, Gordon T.; Kruczek, Nicholas E.; Deo, Rajesh P.; Kratzer, Rachael M. [Department of Physics, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Gallagher, S. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada); Hall, Patrick B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3 (Canada); Hewett, Paul C. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Leighly, Karen M. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Shen, Yue [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-51, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

30

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV. ... NIST announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV to be held on November 2, 3 and 4, 2011. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Generation -IV Reactor Concepts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Thomas H. Fanning Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA The Generation-IV International Forum (GIF) is a multi-national research and development (R&D) collaboration. The GIF pursues the development of advanced, next generation reactor technology with goals to improve: a) sustainability (effective fuel utilization and minimization of waste) b) economics (competitiveness with respect to other energy sources) c) safety and reliability (e.g., no need for offsite emergency response), and d) proliferation resistance and physical protection The GIF Technology Roadmap exercise selected six generic systems for further study: the Gas- cooled Fast Reactor (GFR), the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor (LFR), the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR),

32

Generation IV (Gen IV) - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation IV (Gen Generation IV (Gen IV) Generation IV Overview Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr Major Programs Generation IV (Gen IV) Development of next generation nuclear systems featuring significant advances in sustainability, economics, safety, reliability, proliferation resistance and physical protection. Bookmark and Share Generation IV Fact Sheet (73 KB) Overview Generation IV nuclear energy systems target significant advances over current-generation and evolutionary systems in the areas of sustainability, safety and reliability, and economics. These systems are to be deployable by 2030 in both industrialized and developing countries. Development of Generation IV systems is an international initiative. A

33

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .<:.**  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .<:.**,.,? '* -^^V; , *"'^"T-'^T * .^'^ **'*--'"-* *'*V-; "'^ v ^V ^^-^^;-'jl^'-^^i5^^v>^Ll-';.i»S-'^^^ * . '"* L"".'"-'?_,. -*'-_*:'?'. v>;': |: ,^% ;'. >' 4-.**;- *"-.''' * Lite -^ t.-^»!, m ". *Bfc' Table 8. Foreign Crude Oil and Natural Gas Liquids Reserve Interest for FRS Companies, 1983 and Percent Change from 1982 Crude Oil and Reserves Total OECD Foreign___Canada___Europe Africa___Mtdeast Other Eastern Hemisphere Other Western Hemisphere 1983 (million barrels) Total Crude and |GL

34

Main Results of Grossversuch IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main results of a randomized hail suppression experiment, Grossversuch IV, are presented in this paper. Grossversuch IV tested the “Soviet” hail prevention method during five years (1977–81). The field experiment took place in central ...

B. Federer; A. Waldvogel; W. Schmid; H. H. Schiesser; F. Hampel; Marianne Schweingruber; W. Stahel; J. Bader; J. F. Mezeix; Nadie Doras; G. D'Aubigny; G. DerMegreditchian; D. Vento

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several reactions producing odd-Z transactinide compound nuclei were studiedwith the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator at the LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory. The goal was to produce the same compound nucleus ator near the same excitation energy with similar values of angular momentum via differentnuclear reactions. In doing so, it can be determined if there is a preference in entrancechannel, because under these experimental conditions the survival portion of Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" model is nearly identical forthe two reactions. Additionally, because the same compound nucleus is produced, theexit channel is the same. Four compound nuclei were examined in this study: 258Db, 262Bh, 266Mt, and 272Rg. These nuclei were produced by using very similar heavy-ion induced-fusion reactions which differ only by one proton in the projectile or target nucleus (e.g.: 50Ti + 209Bi vs. 51V + 208Pb). Peak 1n exit channel cross sections were determined for each reaction in each pair, and three of the four pairs' cross sections were identical within statistical uncertainties. This indicates there is not an obvious preference of entrancechannel in these paired reactions. Charge equilibration immediately prior to fusionleading to a decreased fusion barrier is the likely cause of this phenomenon. In addition to this systematic study, the lightest isotope of element 107, bohrium, was discovered in the 209Bi(52Cr,n) reaction. 260Bh was found to decay by emission of a 10.16 MeV alpha particle with a half-life of 35 ms. The cross section is 59 pb at an excitation energy of 15.0 MeV. The effect of the N = 152 shell is also seen in this isotope's alpha particle energy, the first evidence of such an effect in Bh. All reactions studied are also compared to model predictions by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" theory.

Nelson, Sarah L; Nelson, Sarah L

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-09-130  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

130 130 Title: Replacement of BH Deep Anode Ground Bed Site for Cavern 114 Description: Subcontractor shall provide all materials, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, facilities, labor, supervision, and services required for the installation of a deep anode ground bed site at BM Cavern 114. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

37

AL 3 (BH 261): a new globular cluster in the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AL~3 (BH 261), previously classified as a faint open cluster candidate, is shown to be a new globular cluster in the Milky Way, by means of B, V and I Color-Magnitude Diagrams. The main feature of AL~3 is a prominent blue extended Horizontal Branch. Its Color-Magnitude Diagrams match those of the intermediate metallicity cluster M~5. The cluster is projected in a rich bulge field, also contaminated by the disk main sequence. The globular cluster is located in the Galactic bulge at a distance from the Sun d$_{\\odot}$ = 6.0$\\pm$0.5 kpc. The reddening is E(B-V)=0.36$\\pm$0.03 and the metallicity is estimated to be [Fe/H] $\\approx$ -1.3$\\pm$0.25. AL~3 is probably one of the least massive globular clusters of the Galaxy.

S. Ortolani; E. Bica; B. Barbuy

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Electrostatics and Flexibility Drive Membrane Recognition and Early Penetration by Antimicrobial Peptide Dendrimer bH1  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulation of polycationic antimicrobial peptide dendrimer bH1 (Leu)8(DapLeu)4(DapPhe)2DapLys- NH2 binding to membranes suggest that electrostatic 10 interactions with the polyanionic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and conformational flexibility of the 2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (Dap) branching units drive its selective insertion into microbial membranes.

Ravi, Harish Kumar; Stach, Michaela; Soares, Thereza A.; Darbre, Tamis; Reymond, Jean-Louis; Cascella, Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Constructive hierarchy through entitlement: inequality in lithic resource access among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation tests the theory that lithic raw materials were a strategic resource among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize that markedly influenced the development of socio-economic hierarchies at the site. Recent research has brought attention to the role of critical resource control as a mechanism contributing to the development of political economies among the ancient Maya. Such research has been primarily focused on the control of access to water and agricultural land. The examination of lithic raw materials as a critical economic resource is warranted as stone tools constituted a fundamental component of the ancient Maya economy. My research objectives include measuring raw material variability in the Blue Creek settlement zone and its immediate environs, assessing the amount of spatial and temporal variability present in the distribution of various raw materials, determining the degree to which proximity to a given resource influenced the relative level of its use, and testing whether differential resource access relates to variability in aggregate expressions of wealth. To meet these objectives, I examined 2136 formal stone tools and 24,944 pieces of debitage from excavations across the Blue Creek settlement zone, and I developed a lithic raw material type collection using natural outcrops. Significant spatial and temporal differences were observed in the use of various raw materials. Control of critical resources under conditions of scarcity is shown to have caused social stratification among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek. Initial disparities in use-right arrangements based on first occupancy rights produced substantial, accumulative inequality in economic capability and subsequent achievements. During the Early Classic period, these disproportionate allowances ultimately undermined the more egalitarian structure observed during the Preclassic. The Early Classic period at Blue Creek is characterized by increasing extravagance among the elites and increasing disenfranchisement throughout the hinterlands when compared to earlier periods. This suggests that elites at the site only became fully able to convert their resource monopolies into substantial gains in power, prestige, and wealth during the Classic period.

Barrett, Jason Wallace

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... World Total ww (Billion Kilowatthours) 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

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41

EIA Table E.1C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA - - Table Posted: December 19, 2008

42

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 6.1 World Net Conventional Thermal Electricity Generation ...

43

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 1.5 World Net Hydroelectric Power Consumption, 1980-2007 Energy Information Administration

44

[2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... E.2 World Petroleum Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 Energy Information Administration

45

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww--Energy Information Administration Table Notes and Sources ...

46

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.4t World Conventional Thermal Electricity Installed Capacity, January 1, 1980 ...

47

national total  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA--Table Posted: December 8, ...

48

Surprising Coordination Geometry Differences in Ce(IV)- and Pu(IV)-Maltol Complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Differences in Ce(IV)- and Pu(IV)-Maltol Complexes [1] Gézacoordination behavior of Pu(IV), single crystal X-rayhave been determined for Pu(IV) and Ce(IV) complexes with

Szigethy, Geza; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

dBASE IV basics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a user`s manual for dBASE IV. dBASE IV is a popular software application that can be used on your personal computer to help organize and maintain your database files. It is actually a set of tools with which you can create, organize, select and manipulate data in a simple yet effective manner. dBASE IV offers three methods of working with the product: (1) control center: (2) command line; and (3) programming.

O`Connor, P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Session IV - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011 ... Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry : Session IV ... and at conferences for economic development and job creation through ...

51

LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lab IV - 1 LABORATORY IV CONSERVATION OF ENERGY In this lab you will begin to use the principle of conservation of energy to determine the motion resulting from interactions that are difficult to analyze using force concepts alone. You will explore how conservation of energy is applied to real interactions. Keep

Minnesota, University of

52

EnvWiltonIV-EIS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft EIS Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft EIS Western Area Power Administration (Western) prepared this draft environmental impact statement (DEIS) in response to a request from NextEra Energy Resources, LLC (NextEra), on behalf of its subsidiary Wilton Wind IV, LLC (Wilton IV), to interconnect its proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center (Project) to Western's power transmission system. The proposed Project is a wind turbine generation facility located in Burleigh County, North Dakota. It would consist of 62 wind turbine generators, with a total nameplate capacity of approximately 99 MW. NextEra has also requested that the existing interconnection contracts for the Wilton Wind I Energy Center (formerly known as Burleigh County Wind), Wilton Wind II Energy Center, and the Baldwin Wind Energy Center (together called the Existing Projects) be modified to lift their administrative 50 average annual MW production caps.

53

Alta IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Jump to: navigation, search Name Alta IV Facility Alta IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Terra-Gen Power Developer Terra-Gen Power Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi Pass CA Coordinates 35.01917213°, -118.3031845° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.01917213,"lon":-118.3031845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Tetrabutylammonium cation in a homoleptic environment of borohydride ligands: [(n-Bu){sub 4}N][BH{sub 4}] and [(n-Bu){sub 4}N][Y(BH{sub 4}){sub 4}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel solvent-free dual-cation organic-inorganic derivative, tetrabutylammonium yttrium borohydride (TBAYB), has been prepared for the first time and structurally characterized together with its organic precursor, tetrabutylammonium borohydride (TBAB). Both compounds crystallize in monoclinic unit cells (TBAYB: P2{sub 1}/c, TBAB: P2/c) and they contain [(n-Bu){sub 4}N]{sup +} in a homoleptic environment consisting of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands. Presence of large and lightweight Bu{sub 4}N{sup +} cations results in loose packing and low densities of both solids close to 1 g cm{sup -3}. TBAB melts at ca. 130 Degree-Sign C and it decomposes thermally above 160 Degree-Sign C while TBAYB melts at temperature as low as 78 Degree-Sign C, and the melt is stable over an appreciable temperature range of ca. 150 Degree-Sign C. The low melting point of TBAYB is the second lowest among derivatives of yttrium rendering this compound a new ionic liquid above 78 Degree-Sign C. - Graphical abstract: A novel organic-inorganic hybrid material for hydrogen storage, where (n-Bu){sub 4}N{sup +} cation is found in homoleptic environment of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands, was synthesised. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Novel organic-inorganic hybrid material for hydrogen storage was synthesised. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (n-Bu){sub 4}N{sup +} cation is found in a homoleptic environment of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TBAYB derivative is a novel ionic liquid with melting point of 78 Degree-Sign C..

Jaron, T., E-mail: tjaron@chem.uw.edu.pl [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Wegner, W.; Cyranski, M.K.; Dobrzycki, L. [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Grochala, W., E-mail: wg22@cornell.edu [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); CENT, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 93, 02089 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Shiloh IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shiloh IV Shiloh IV Facility Shiloh IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner EDF Renewable Energy Developer EDF Renewable Energy Energy Purchaser Pacific Gas & Electric Location Birds Landing CA Coordinates 38.13891092°, -121.8480349° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.13891092,"lon":-121.8480349,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

IV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supplement to the Draft Solar PEIS iii October 2011 CONTENTS 1 2 3 NOTATION ........................................................................................................................ ix 4 5 ENGLISH/METRIC AND METRIC/ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS .................................. xiii 6 7 1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 1-1 8

57

IV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of the DOE Team, if applicable 0 Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Energy Efficient Building Systems Regional Innovation Cluster Initiative A joint FOA published by: The Department of...

58

IV  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of 99 of 99 Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Energy Efficient Building Systems Regional Innovation Cluster Initiative A joint FOA published by: The Department of Energy The Department of Commerce-Economic Development Administration The Department of Commerce-National Institute of Standards and Technology The Small Business Administration The Department of Labor The Department of Education

59

FUNDAMENTALS OF GAMMA TITANIUM ALUMINIDES: IV ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FUNDAMENTALS OF GAMMA TITANIUM ALUMINIDES: Session IV: Microstructure/Property Relationships--Strength, Plasticity, and Toughness. Sponsored by: ...

60

PREPARATION OF URANIUM(IV) NITRATE SOLUTIONS  

SciTech Connect

A procedure was developed for the preparation of uranium(IV) nitrate solutions in dilute nitric acid. Zinc metal was used as a reducing agent for uranium(VI) in dilute sulfuric acid. The uranium(IV) was precipitated as the hydrated oxide and dissolved in nitric acid. Uranium(IV) nitrate solutions were prepared at a maximum concentration of 100 g/l. The uranium(VI) content was less than 2% of the uranium(IV). (auth)

Ondrejcin, R.S.

1961-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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61

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS: IV: BSCCO and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS: Session IV: BSCCO and TBCCO Conductor Development. Sponsored by: Jt. EMPMD/SMD Superconducting ...

62

WEB RESOURCE: Generation IV Systems and Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007... Sandbox, Open Discussion Regarding Materials for Nuclear Power ... The presentation covers: the Generation IV initiative, Generation IV ...

63

LOW ENERGY PROCESSES IN ELECTRONIC MATERIALS: IV ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LOW ENERGY PROCESSES IN ELECTRONIC MATERIALS: Session IV: Plasma ... Goorsky, H.P. Gillis, A.M. Andrews, University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

64

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BC-MM-1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032 1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032 Title: Install Power Metering for SPR Site Buildings Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, materials, equipment, and supervision required to install power metering at the four SPR sites. The meters will monitor energy consumption at the SPR site control, administrative, and maintenance buildings. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

65

Microsoft Word - ferromagnetism bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Heterointerface A fundamental feature of emergent materials such as oxide heterostructures is the interplay between charge, spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom that induces a staggering vari- ety of exotic phenomena including colossal magnetoresistance, metal-insulator transition, magnetoelasticity, and others. Moreover, each degree of freedom is tunable via doping, which results in changes of valence state and local structure and, therefore, variations of the ordered phase. This remarkable tunability motivates extensive and ongoing research on heterostructures in order to investigate new phenomena [1-3] and exploit them in device applications [4, 5]. In oxide heterostructures, control mechanisms other than doping are

66

Theoretical Investigations on the Formation and Dehydrogenation Reaction Pathways of H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) Oligomers: Importance of Dihydrogen Interactions (DHI)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers are possible products from dehydrogenation of ammonia borane (NH3BH3) and ammonium borohydride (NH4BH4), which belong to a class of boron-nitrogen-hydrogen (BNHx) compounds that are promising materials for chemical hydrogen storage. Understanding the kinetics and reaction pathways of formation of these oligomers and their further dehydrogenation is essential for developing BNHx-based hydrogen storage materials. We have performed computational modeling using density functional theory (DFT), ab initio wavefunction theory, and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations on the energetics and formation pathways for the H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) oligomers, polyaminoborane (PAB), from NH3BH3 monomers and the subsequent dehydrogenation steps to form polyiminoborane (PIB). Through transition state searches and evaluation of the intrinsic reaction coordinates, we have investigated the B-N bond cleavage, the reactions of NH3BH3 molecule with intermediates, dihydrogen release through intra- and intermolecular hydrogen transfer, dehydrocoupling/cyclization of the oligomers, and the dimerization of NH3BH3 molecules. We discovered the formation mechanism of H(NH2BH2)n+1H oligomers through reactions of the H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers first with BH3 followed by reactions with NH3 and the release of H2, where the BH3 and NH3 intermediates are formed through dissociation of NH3BH3. We also found that the dimerization of the NH3BH3 molecules to form c-(NH2BH2)2 is slightly exothermic, with an unexpected transition state that leads to the simultaneous release of two H2 molecules. The dehydrogenations of the oligomers are also exothermic, typically by less than 10 kcal/(mol of H2), with the largest exothermicity for n=3. The transition state search shows that the one-step direct dehydrocoupling cyclization of the oligomers is not a favored pathway because of high activation barriers. The dihydrogen bonding, in which protic (HN) hydrogens interact with hydridic (HB) hydrogens, plays a vital role in stabilizing different structures of the reactants, transition states, and products. The dihydrogen interaction (DHI) within the -BH2(?2-H2) moiety accounts for both the formation mechanisms of the oligomers and for the dehydrogenation of ammonia borane. Support was provided from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division and from the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Li, Jun; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Hu, Han-Shi; Schenter, Gregory K.; Autrey, Thomas; Gutowski, Maciej S.

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

67

Generation IV International Forum | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forum Forum Generation IV International Forum January 14, 2005 - 9:50am Addthis Remarks of Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham National Press Club It is a pleasure to be here today, to welcome the representatives of the Generation IV International Forum to their first Washington, D.C., meeting. Very early in my tenure as U.S. Secretary of Energy, I took part in the formation of the Generation IV initiative, and the signing of the organization's charter - which provided the framework for international cooperative research on advanced nuclear energy systems that are safe, reliable, economical and proliferation resistant... to help ensure that nuclear power has a vital and viable role in the world's energy future. I last met with the Generation IV International Forum two years ago in

68

Photovoltaic I-V curve measurement techniques  

SciTech Connect

Performance evaluation of photovoltaic (PV) arrays under actual field conditions provides important feedback to the module design process. One of the principal methods for assessing an array's performance is to plot its current, I, versus voltage, V, curve. Following a brief review of techniques for measuring the I-V curve, a new, capacitive-based approach is presented. It uses a rapid sweep of the I-V curve that substantially reduces the average power transfer between array and load, and in turn, substantially reduces the size and weight of the curve tracer. Both theoretical and practical aspects of the approach are presented for a 10-kW unit. Performance is verified by comparison with I-V curves obtained by using a conventional load. The agreement is found to be excellent. Approximately an order of magnitude reduction in size, weight and power consumption over conventional units was realized with the experimental I-V curve tracer.

Cox, C.H.; Warner, T.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF URANIUM(IV)  

SciTech Connect

A colorimetric method was developed for the determination of uranium(IV) in the presence of uranium(VI), nitric acid, hydroxylamine sulfate, and hydrazine. A coefficient of variation of 2.4% (n = 25) was obtained. (auth)

Dorsett, R.S.

1961-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

State of Asian Elephant Conservation in 2003 i Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;State of Asian Elephant Conservation in 2003 i Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Conservation Direct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Executive Summary: The state of wild Asian elephant conservation in 2003

New, Mark

71

Microsoft PowerPoint - Roberts, IV and Stewardship (SSAB April...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Stewardship April 29, 2010 Sarah Roberts, CHP Acting Program Director, ORISE IEAV Benefits of IV "IV is an important quality assurance step that ensures cleanup goals have...

72

Complexation of Plutonium (IV) with Fluoride at Variable Tempeartures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Neptunium and Plutonium. Edited by OECD Nuclear EnergyComplexation of Plutonium(IV) with Fluoride at Variablehigher temperatures. Key Words: Plutonium (IV) / Fluoride /

Moore, Dean A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves, January 1, 2006 International Energy ...

74

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 4.1 World Natural Gas Production, 2001 ...

75

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 1.4 World Coal Consumption, 1980-2007 (Million Short Tons) - - NA

76

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... 6.4 World Electricity Installed Capacity by Type, January 1, 2006 Conventional

77

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... Table 6.2 World Total Net Electricity Consumption, 1980-2006 (Billion ...

78

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... H.2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum, 1980-2006

79

[3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.3 World Total Net Electric Generation, 1980-2006 (Billion Kilowatthours) Page ...

80

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 2.5 World Coal Production, 1980-2007 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

this table  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 1.2 World Petroleum Consumption, 1980-2006 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Page 1980.00 ...

82

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... Table 8.2 World Estimated Recoverable Coal (Million Short Tons)

83

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products, 2004

84

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 1.3 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2006 Table Notes ...

85

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - F.1 World Primary Energy Production (Btu ...

86

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.2 World Output of Refined Petroleum ...

87

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... H.1gco2 World Carbon Intensity--World Carbon Dioxide ...

88

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves ...

89

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... World Total ww (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.4 World Dry Natural Gas Production (Btu ...

90

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... E.6 World Net Nuclear Electric Power Consumption (Btu), 1980 ...

91

Table H.1co2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table H.1co2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption and Flaring of Fossil ...

92

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum ...

93

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - G.2 World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, ...

94

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.5 World Coal Production (Btu ...

95

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 3.3 World Imports of Refined Petroleum Products, 2005 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Page

96

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.4 World Total Electricity Installed Capacity, January 1, 1980 - January 1, 2006

97

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products ...

98

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 3.1 World Petroleum Supply and ...

99

Energy intensity (Table E.1g)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... E.1g World Energy Intensity--Total Primary Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic

100

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.6 World Crude Oil Refining Capacity ...

102

table E1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table E.1 World Primary Energy Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 (Quadrillion (10 15 ) Btu) Page

103

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 2.8 World Net Geothermal, Solar, Wind, and Wood and Waste Electric Power Generation ...

104

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... H.3co2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption and Flaring of Natural Gas ...

105

Decomposition of NH3BH3 at sub-ambient pressures: A combined thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis-mass spectrometry study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report a systematic study of the isothermal decomposition of ammonia borane, NH3BH3, at 363 K as a function of argon pressure ranging between 50 and 1040 mbar using thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis coupled with mass analysis of the volatile species. During thermal aging at 363 K, evolution of hydrogen, aminoborane and borazine is monitored, with the relative mass loss strongly depending on the pressure in the reaction chamber. Furthermore, the induction period required for hydrogen release at 363 K decreases with decreasing pressure.

Palumbo, Oriele; Paolone, Annalisa; Rispoli, Pasquale; Cantelli, Rosario; Autrey, Thomas

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Pomeroy IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Wind Farm IV Wind Farm Facility Pomeroy IV Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MidAmerican Energy Developer MidAmerican Energy Energy Purchaser MidAmerican Energy Location Pomeroy IA Coordinates 42.570484°, -94.702506° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.570484,"lon":-94.702506,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Meadow Lake IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Meadow Lake IV Meadow Lake IV Facility Meadow Lake IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Horizon Wind Energy Developer EDP Renewables Location Brookston IN Coordinates 40.601111°, -86.864167° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.601111,"lon":-86.864167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

Mountain View IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility Mountain View IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AES Wind Generation Developer AES Wind Generation Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location White Water CA Coordinates 33.95475187°, -116.7015839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.95475187,"lon":-116.7015839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

109

Annex IV Environmental Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annex IV Environmental Webinar Annex IV Environmental Webinar Annex IV Environmental Webinar January 23, 2014 12:00PM to 1:30PM EST Online The Energy Department will present a live webcast on Instrumentation for Monitoring Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices, highlighting themes that arose during a related workshop. Webinar presentations will include discussion on monitoring of near-field interactions between marine mammals and marine renewable energy converters, determining the distribution and habitat use of marine animals in the vicinity of marine renewable energy converters, and characterizing sound produced by marine renewable energy converters. 12:00 to 1:30 p.m. Eastern Standard Time 9:00 to 10:30 a.m. Pacific Standard Time Join Lync Meeting Join by phone866-528-1882 or 509-375-4555

110

Gen IV Materials Handbook Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect

A Gen IV Materials Handbook is being developed to provide an authoritative single source of highly qualified structural materials information and materials properties data for use in design and analyses of all Generation IV Reactor Systems. The Handbook will be responsive to the needs expressed by all of the principal government, national laboratory, and private company stakeholders of Gen IV Reactor Systems. The Gen IV Materials Handbook Implementation Plan provided here addresses the purpose, rationale, attributes, and benefits of the Handbook and will detail its content, format, quality assurance, applicability, and access. Structural materials, both metallic and ceramic, for all Gen IV reactor types currently supported by the Department of Energy (DOE) will be included in the Gen IV Materials Handbook. However, initial emphasis will be on materials for the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR). Descriptive information (e.g., chemical composition and applicable technical specifications and codes) will be provided for each material along with an extensive presentation of mechanical and physical property data including consideration of temperature, irradiation, environment, etc. effects on properties. Access to the Gen IV Materials Handbook will be internet-based with appropriate levels of control. Information and data in the Handbook will be configured to allow search by material classes, specific materials, specific information or property class, specific property, data parameters, and individual data points identified with materials parameters, test conditions, and data source. Details on all of these as well as proposed applicability and consideration of data quality classes are provided in the Implementation Plan. Website development for the Handbook is divided into six phases including (1) detailed product analysis and specification, (2) simulation and design, (3) implementation and testing, (4) product release, (5) project/product evaluation, and (6) product maintenance and enhancement. Contracting of development of the Handbook website is discussed in terms of host server options, cost, technology, developer background and cooperative nature, and company stability. One of the first and most important activities in website development will be the generation of a detailed Handbook product requirements document including case diagrams and functional requirements tables. The Implementation Plan provides a detailed overview of the organizational structure of the Handbook and details of Handbook preparation, publication, and distribution. Finally, the Implementation Plan defines Quality Assurance requirements for the Handbook.

Rittenhouse, P.; Ren, W.

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

111

Gen IV Materials Handbook Functionalities and Operation  

SciTech Connect

This document is prepared for navigation and operation of the Gen IV Materials Handbook, with architecture description and new user access initiation instructions. Development rationale and history of the Handbook is summarized. The major development aspects, architecture, and design principles of the Handbook are briefly introduced to provide an overview of its past evolution and future prospects. Detailed instructions are given with examples for navigating the constructed Handbook components and using the main functionalities. Procedures are provided in a step-by-step fashion for Data Upload Managers to upload reports and data files, as well as for new users to initiate Handbook access.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

New Materials for NGNP/Gen IV  

SciTech Connect

The bounding conditions were briefly summarized for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) that is the leading candidate in the Department of Energy Generation IV reactor program. Metallic materials essential to the successful development and proof of concept for the NGNP were identified. The literature bearing on the materials technology for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors was reviewed with emphasis on the needs identified for the NGNP. Several materials were identified for a more thorough study of their databases and behavioral features relative to the requirements ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Division 1, Subsection NH.

Robert W. Swindeman; Douglas L. Marriott

2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

113

IV1. Yoon and E. Crosbie  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19 19 IV1. Yoon and E. Crosbie May 1988 The APS Beam Transfer Line from Linac to Booster Synchrotron In this note, we describe the recently designed APS beam transport system to the booster synchrotron. Another transfer system which guides the beam from the booster to the storage ring is described in ref. 1, and therefore it not be treated here. The system of interest consists of two parts; the transfer line LTOA from the injector linac to the positron accumulator ring (PAR) and the transfer line ATOB from the accumulator ring to booster synchrotron. For the design, we assumed that the rms transverse emittance of the Jinac output beam is about 1.1 mm mrad at 450 MeV andthe energy spread is :11%. The plan view of the designed beam transfer line is shown in Fig. 1. In this figure, B1 bends the

114

Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Generation IV Roadmap Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presentation Presentation Generation IV Roadmap Overview NERAC Meeting: Washington, D.C. April 15, 2002 Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Definition - Generation IV Generation IV is: "...the next generation of nuclear energy systems that can be licensed, constructed, and operated in a manner that will provide a competitively priced and reliable supply of energy to the country where such systems are deployed, while addressing nuclear safety, waste, proliferation and public perception concerns." Roadmap Integration Team Presentation Objective - Gen IV Technology Roadmap The Technology Roadmap: * Describes systems deployable by 2030 or earlier * Determines which systems offer significant advances towards:

115

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is evaluating the potential environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to...

116

Creep Behavior of High Temperature Alloys for Generation IV ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Creep Behavior of High Temperature Alloys for Generation IV Nuclear Power Plant Applications. Author(s), Xingshuo Wen, Laura J. Carroll, ...

117

High Resolution Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae Type IV Pilus: A Membrane-bound Fibrous Assembly Membrane proteins are notoriously difficult to crystallize, and fiber-forming proteins were...

118

CMAD IV 11/14/96 Information Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilities, power pools, vendors etc.. #12;CMAD IV 11/14/96 #12; #12; GridCo LineCo PoolCo Energy Merchant INFO INFO INFO $ $ $ PWR PWR PWR #12;CMAD IV 11/14/96 "Future" Is At Hand · Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) 889 ­ information on transmission availability and prices. ­ equal access for wholesale

California at Davis, University of

119

Reducing Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: 1996 Compliance with Title IV Limits  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The purpose of this article is to summarize the existing Federal Nox regulations and the 1996 performance of the 239 Title IV generating units. It also reviews the basics of low-Nox burner technology and presents cost and performance data for retrofits at Title IV units.

Information Center

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Geothermal Facility IV Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility General Information Name Salton Sea IV Geothermal Facility Facility Salton Sea IV Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Address 6922 Crummer Rd. Location Calipatria, California Zip 92233 Coordinates 33.157511158558°, -115.63861370087° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.157511158558,"lon":-115.63861370087,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

An Integrated Safety Assessment Methodology for Generation IV Nuclear Systems  

SciTech Connect

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Risk and Safety Working Group (RSWG) was created to develop an effective approach for the safety of Generation IV advanced nuclear energy systems. Early work of the RSWG focused on defining a safety philosophy founded on lessons learned from current and prior generations of nuclear technologies, and on identifying technology characteristics that may help achieve Generation IV safety goals. More recent RSWG work has focused on the definition of an integrated safety assessment methodology for evaluating the safety of Generation IV systems. The methodology, tentatively called ISAM, is an integrated “toolkit” consisting of analytical techniques that are available and matched to appropriate stages of Generation IV system concept development. The integrated methodology is intended to yield safety-related insights that help actively drive the evolving design throughout the technology development cycle, potentially resulting in enhanced safety, reduced costs, and shortened development time.

Timothy J. Leahy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The U.S. Generation IV Implementation Strategy  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to respond to Congressional direction contained in Senate Report 107-220 from the Senate Committee on Appropriations regarding the Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2003. In that report, the Committee instructed the Department to prepare a report regarding how it intends to carry out the results of the Generation IV Roadmap. This report is the U.S. Department of Energy's response to the Congressional directive. It summarizes results from the Generation IV Technology Roadmap and the strategy for implementing of the Generation IV program in the United States. Planning for the implementation of the Generation IV program is based on (1) the long-term outlook for nuclear energy in the United States, (2) the advice of the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee during the two-year development of the Generation IV Technology Roadmap, and (3) the need for the Generation IV program to be integrated with other nuclear energy research programs of the Department. Considerable emphasis is given to developing the priorities and necessary timelines for the U.S. Generation IV Program, as well as developing international R&D cooperation that will benefit the program and strengthen U.S. leadership in nuclear technology R&D.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase IV: Resource Production and Power Plant Construction GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation

124

EIS-0402: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of remediation of Area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL Area IV). SSFL Area IV, occupying approximately 290 acres of the total 2,852-acre SSFL site is located in the hills between Chatsworth and Simi Valley, CA, and was developed as a remote site to test rocket engines and conduct nuclear research. This EIS will evaluate alternatives for disposition of radiological facilities and support buildings, remediation of the affected environment, and disposal of all resulting waste at existing, approved sites.

125

Spectrophotometric determination of uranium(IV) with Arsenazo III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spectrophotometric procedure was developed for determining U(IV) in the presence of U(VI) by forming a colored complex with Arsenazo III in 4M HCl. The results compare satisfactorily with U(IV) determinations by ceric titration. Total uranium can be determined after reduction of U(VI) with metallic zinc. The concentration range for the absorbance cell solution is 0 to 2 ..mu..g U(IV)/mL. Other tetravalent ions, such as thorium, zirconium, hafnium, plutonium, and neptunium, will interfere.

Baumann, E.W.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Rational Ligand Design for U(VI) and Pu(IV)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.6 Ligand Design for Pu(IV) …. ……..………………………. ………………………ligands used in UO 22+ and Pu(IV) structural studies …….. 23Raymond group ligands for Pu(IV) decorporation …… 208

Szigethy, Geza

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration December 31, 2013 - 12:14pm Addthis GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Reactor Technologies The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) held its 36th Policy Group (PG) meeting on November 21-22 in Brussels, Belgium. The PG reviewed progress on a number of on-going actions and received progress reports from the GIF Experts Group (EG) and the GIF Senior Industry Advisory Panel (SIAP).

128

Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: Technical Roadmap Report Observations on A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: Technical Roadmap Report The development of advanced nuclear energy systems in the U.S. will depend greatly on the continued success of currently operating light water nuclear power plants and the ordering of new installations in the short term. DOE needs to give those immediate objectives the highest priority and any additional support they require to assure their success. DOE is pursuing two initiatives to encourage a greater use of nuclear energy systems. The initiatives have been reviewed by NERAC Subcommittee on Generation IV Technology Planning (GRNS) and they are: * A Near Term Development (NTD) Roadmap which is in the process of being

129

Victory Gardens I and IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Victory Gardens I and IV Victory Gardens I and IV Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens I and IV Facility Victory Gardens I and IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

130

Complexation of Plutonium (IV) with Fluoride at Variable Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

The complexation of Pu(IV) with fluoride at elevated temperatures was studied by solvent extraction technique. A solution of NaBrO3 was used as holding oxidant to maintain the oxidation state of plutonium throughout the experiments. The distribution ratio of Pu(IV) between the organic and aqueous phases was found to decrease as the concentrations of fluoride were increased. Stability constants of the 1:1 and 1:2 Pu(IV)-F- complexes, dominant in the aqueous phase under the experimental conditions, were calculated from the effect of fluoride ions on the distribution ratio. The thermodynamic parameters, including enthalpy and entropy of complexation between Pu(IV) and fluoride at 25 degrees C - 55 degrees C were calculated from the stability constants at different temperatures by using the Van’t Hoff equation.

Xia, Yuanxian; Rao, Linfeng; Friese, Judah I.; Moore, Dean A.; Bachelor, Paula P.

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

131

Synthesis, Characterization, and Cytotoxicity of Platinum(IV) Carbamate Complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synthesis, characterization, and cytotoxicity of eight new platinum(IV) complexes having the general formula cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH[subscript 3)[subscript 2]Cl[subscript 2](O[subscript 2]CNHR)[subscript 2

Wilson, Justin Jeff

132

Microsoft Word - Wilton IV DEIS_ 03 12 13.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0469 March 2013 COVER SHEET Lead Federal Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Western Area Power Administration Title: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Wilton IV Wind Energy Center For additional information on this Draft Environmental Impact Statement contact: Mr. Matt Marsh Upper Great Plains Regional Office Western Area Power Administration P.O. Box 35800, Billings, MT 59107-5800 MMarsh@wapa.gov, (800) 358-3415 For general information on the U.S. Department of Energy's National Environmental Policy Act process please contact: Ms. Carol M. Borgstrom, Director Office of NEPA Policy and Compliance (GC-54) U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 (202) 586-4600

133

Gen IV public comments-G Vine.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation IV Goals and Roadmap Generation IV Goals and Roadmap Public meeting, Thursday, Nov. 16, 2000 JW Marriott, Washington DC Gary Vine, EPRI I'd like to cite two regulatory landmarks established during the U.S. DOE/Industry ALWR Program, 1983-98, the intent of which should be incorporated into the goal setting for all future reactors. These are followed by four specific comments on the Generation IV goals. A. ALWR goals are Industry goals, and must be kept distinct from regulatory requirements. The ALWR Program was very careful to maintain and preserve clear separation between regulatory requirements and industry goals, as expressed in the EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document. The industry needed to decide how to comply with regulations in the most cost-effective way, and needed to strategically design-in the extra margins needed for investment protection, operational

134

Foote Creek Rim IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV Wind Farm IV Wind Farm Facility Foote Creek Rim IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser Bonneville Power Admin Location Carbon County WY Coordinates 41.626456°, -106.202095° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.626456,"lon":-106.202095,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Tethys and Annex IV Progress Report for FY 2012  

SciTech Connect

The marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) environmental Impacts Knowledge Management System, dubbed “Tethys” after the mythical Greek titaness of the seas, is being developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to support the U.S. Department of Energy’s Wind and Water Power Program (WWPP). Functioning as a smart database, Tethys enables its users to identify key words or terms to help gather, organize and make available information and data pertaining to the environmental effects of MHK and offshore wind (OSW) energy development. By providing and categorizing relevant publications within a simple and searchable database, Tethys acts as a dissemination channel for information and data which can be utilized by regulators, project developers and researchers to minimize the environmental risks associated with offshore renewable energy developments and attempt to streamline the permitting process. Tethys also houses a separate content-related Annex IV data base with identical functionality to the Tethys knowledge base. Annex IV is a collaborative project among member nations of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Ocean Energy Systems – Implementing Agreement (OES-IA) that examines the environmental effects of ocean energy devices and projects. The U.S. Department of Energy leads the Annex IV working with federal partners such as the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). While the Annex IV database contains technical reports and journal articles, it is primarily focused on the collection of project site and research study metadata forms (completed by MHK researchers and developers around the world, and collected by PNNL) which provide information on environmental studies and the current progress of the various international MHK developments in the Annex IV member nations. The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the content, accessibility and functionality enhancements made to the Annex IV and Tethys knowledge bases in FY12.

Hanna, Luke A.; Butner, R. Scott; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Plutonium Oxidation and Subsequent Reduction by Mn (IV) Minerals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plutonium sorbed to rock tuff was preferentially associated with manganese oxides. On tuff and synthetic pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}), Pu(IV) or Pu(V) was initially oxidized, but over time Pu(IV) became the predominant oxidation state of sorbed Pu. Reduction of Pu(V/VI), even on non-oxidizing surfaces, is proposed to result from a lower Gibbs free energy of the hydrolyzed Pu(IV) surface species versus that of the Pu(V) or Pu(VI) surface species. This work suggests that despite initial oxidation of sorbed Pu by oxidizing surfaces to more soluble forms, the less mobile form of Pu, Pu(IV), will dominate Pu solid phase speciation during long term geologic storage. The safe design of a radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel geologic repository requires a risk assessment of radionuclides that may potentially be released into the surrounding environment. Geochemical knowledge of the radionuclide and the surrounding environment is required for predicting subsurface fate and transport. Although difficult even in simple systems, this task grows increasingly complicated for constituents, like Pu, that exhibit complex environmental chemistries. The environmental behavior of Pu can be influenced by complexation, precipitation, adsorption, colloid formation, and oxidation/reduction (redox) reactions (1-3). To predict the environmental mobility of Pu, the most important of these factors is Pu oxidation state. This is because Pu(IV) is generally 2 to 3 orders of magnitude less mobile than Pu(V) in most environments (4). Further complicating matters, Pu commonly exists simultaneously in several oxidation states (5, 6). Choppin (7) reported Pu may exist as Pu(IV), Pu(V), or Pu(VI) oxic natural groundwaters. It is generally accepted that plutonium associated with suspended particulate matter is predominantly Pu(IV) (8-10), whereas Pu in the aqueous phase is predominantly Pu(V) (2, 11-13). The influence of the character of Mn-containing minerals expected to be found in subsurface repository environments on Pu oxidation state distributions has been the subject of much recent research. Kenney-Kennicutt and Morse (14), Duff et al. (15), and Morgenstern and Choppin (16) observed oxidation of Pu facilitated by Mn(IV)-bearing minerals. Conversely, Shaughnessy et al. (17) used X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to show reduction of Pu(VI) by hausmannite (Mn{sup II}Mn{sub 2}{sup III}O{sub 4}) and manganite ({gamma}-Mn{sup III}OOH) and Kersting et al., (18) observed reduction of Pu(VI) by pyrolusite (Mn{sup IV}O{sub 2}). In this paper, we attempt to reconcile the apparently conflicting datasets by showing that Mn-bearing minerals can indeed oxidize Pu, however, if the oxidized species remains on the solid phase, the oxidation step competes with the formation of Pu(IV) that becomes the predominant solid phase Pu species with time. The experimental approach we took was to conduct longer term (approximately two years later) oxidation state analyses on the Pu sorbed to Yucca Mountain tuff (initial analysis reported by Duff et al., (15)) and measure the time-dependant changes in the oxidation state distribution of Pu in the presence of the Mn mineral pyrolusite.

KAPLAN, DANIEL

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

137

Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Inadale (Roscoe IV) Wind Farm Facility Inadale (Roscoe IV) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.On Climate & Renewables Developer E.On Climate & Renewables Location Scurry and Nolan Counties TX Coordinates 32.346675°, -100.379717° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.346675,"lon":-100.379717,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

138

Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Facility Victory Gardens- Phase IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

139

Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm I Facility Victory Gardens- Phase IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer Zond Systems Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.07665°, -118.25529° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.07665,"lon":-118.25529,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

140

Swept measurement of high power I-V curves  

SciTech Connect

Performance evaluation of photovoltaic (PV) arrays under a variety of conditions provides important information for the design and maintenance of PV systems. One of the principal methods for assessing an array's performance is to plot its current, I, versus voltage, V, curve. Following a brief review of techniques for measuring the I-V curve, a new capacitive-based approach is presented. It uses a rapid sweep of the I-V curve which substantially reduces the average power transfer between array and load, and in turn, substantially reduces the size and weight of the curve tracer. Both theoretical and practical aspects of the approach are presented for a 10-kW unit. Performance is verified by comparison with I-V curves obtained by using a conventional load. The agreement is found to be excellent. Approximately an order of magnitude reduction in size, weight and power consumption over conventional units was realized with the experimental I-V curve tracer.

Cox, C.H.; Warner, T.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Swept measurement of high-power I-V curves  

SciTech Connect

Performance evaluation of photovoltaic (PV) arrays under a variety of conditions provides important information for the design and maintenance of PV systems. One of the principal methods for assessing an arrays's performance is to plot its current, I, versus voltage, V, curve. Following a brief review of techniques for measuring the I-V curve, a new capacitive-based approach is presented. It uses a rapid sweep of the I-V curve which substantially reduces the average power transfer between array and load, and in turn, substantially reduces the size and weight of the curve tracer. Both theoretical and practical aspects of the approach are presented for a 10-kW unit. Performance is verified by comparison with I-V curves obtained by using a conventional load. The agreement is found to be excellent. Approximately an order of magnitude reduction in size, weight and power consumption over conventional units was realized with the experimental I-V curve tracer.

Cox, C.H. III; Warner, T.H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The structure of the ILLIAC IV operating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper outlines the structure of the operating system for the ILLIAC IV, a large array computer being built by the University of Illinois. The system is unique in that it resides primarily on a second control computer and distributes operating system ...

Peter A. Alsberg; Carlton R. Mills

1969-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Complexation of Plutonium (IV) with Fluoride at Variable Tempeartures  

SciTech Connect

Complexation of Pu(IV) with fluoride was studied by solvent extraction at 25, 40 and 55 C in 2.2 mol {center_dot} kg{sup -1} HClO{sub 4}. The distribution ratio of Pu(IV) between the organic and aqueous phases decreased as the concentration of fluoride was increased due to the formation of Pu(IV)-F complexes in the aqueous phase. Two complexes, PuF{sup 3+} and PuF{sub 2}{sup 2+}, were identified under the conditions in this work and their stability constants at 25, 40 and 55 C and I = 2.2 mol {center_dot} kg{sup -1} HClO{sub 4} were determined from the distribution data. The Specific Ion Interaction approach (SIT) was used to extrapolate the constants to the state of infinite dilution. Data from this work indicate that the complexation of Pu(IV) with fluoride is endothermic and entropy-driven. The complexation becomes stronger at higher temperatures.

Xia, Yuanxian; Rao, Linfeng; Friese, Judah I.; Moore, Dean A.; Bachelor, P. P.

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

Complexation of Plutonium (IV) with Fluoride at Variable Tempeartures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the complexation of Pu(IV) with fluoride. I = 2.2 mol·p.w. – present work. Reaction Pu 4+ + HF PuF 3+ + H + t oI = 0) Ref. p.w. p.w. p.w. Pu 4+ + 2HF 2H + PuF 22+ + dis

Moore, Dean A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Parameter extraction from I-V characteristics of PV devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Device parameters such as series and shunt resistances, saturation current and diode ideality factor influence the behaviour of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of solar cells and photovoltaic modules. It is necessary to determine these parameters since performance parameters are derived from the I-V curve and information provided by the device parameters are useful in analyzing performance losses. This contribution presents device parameters of CuIn(Se,S){sub 2}- and Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S){sub 2}-based solar cells, as well as, CuInSe{sub 2}, mono- and multicrystalline silicon modules determined using a parameter extraction routine that employs Particle Swarm Optimization. The device parameters of the CuIn(Se,S){sub 2}- and Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S){sub 2}-based solar cells show that the contribution of recombination mechanisms exhibited by high saturation current when coupled with the effects of parasitic resistances result in lower maximum power and conversion efficiency. Device parameters of photovoltaic modules extracted from I-V characteristics obtained at higher temperature show increased saturation current. The extracted values also reflect the adverse effect of temperature on parasitic resistances. The parameters extracted from I-V curves offer an understanding of the different mechanisms involved in the operation of the devices. The parameter extraction routine utilized in this study is a useful tool in determining the device parameters which reveal the mechanisms affecting device performance. (author)

Macabebe, Erees Queen B. [Department of Electronics, Computer and Communications Engineering, Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezon City 1108 (Philippines); Department of Physics and Centre for Energy Research, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa); Sheppard, Charles J. [Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Dyk, E. Ernest van [Department of Physics and Centre for Energy Research, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, PO Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031 (South Africa)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte River Power Authority Developer Northern Alternative Energy Energy Purchaser Platte River Power Authority Location Medicine Bow WY Coordinates 41.927554°, -106.371968° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.927554,"lon":-106.371968,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

147

McNeilus Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility McNeilus Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner G. McNeilus Developer G. McNeilus Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Mower County MN Coordinates 43.673251°, -92.665436° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.673251,"lon":-92.665436,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

148

Ridgetop Energy Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility Ridgetop Energy Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Caithness Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location Tehachapi CA Coordinates 35.1317°, -118.451° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.1317,"lon":-118.451,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

149

SEGS IV Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name SEGS IV Solar Power Plant Facility SEGS IV Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Developer Luz Location Kramer Junction, California Coordinates 34.9925°, -117.540833° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9925,"lon":-117.540833,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

Method of synthesis of anhydrous thorium(IV) complexes  

SciTech Connect

Method of producing anhydrous thorium(IV) tetrahalide complexes, utilizing Th(NO.sub.3).sub.4(H.sub.2O).sub.x, where x is at least 4, as a reagent; method of producing thorium-containing complexes utilizing ThCl.sub.4(DME).sub.2 as a precursor; method of producing purified ThCl.sub.4(ligand).sub.x compounds, where x is from 2 to 9; and novel compounds having the structures: ##STR00001##

Kiplinger, Jaqueline L; Cantat, Thibault

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group Generation-IV Roadmap Report of the Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group The Charter of the Generation IV Roadmap Fuel Cycle Crosscut Group (FCCG) is to (1) examine the fuel cycle implications for alternative nuclear power scenarios in terms of Generation IV goals and (2) identify key fuel cycle issues associated with Generation IV goals. This included examination of "fuel resource inputs and waste outputs for the range of potential Generation IV fuel cycles, consistent with projected energy demand scenarios." This report summarizes the results of the studies. The membership of the FCCG comprised 8 US members and 7 members from Generation IV International Forum (GIF) countries including members from

152

Foreign Trip Report MATGEN-IV Sep 24- Oct 26, 2007  

SciTech Connect

Gen-IV activities in France, Japan and US focus on the development of new structural materials for Gen-IV nuclear reactors. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) F/M steels have raised considerable interest in nuclear applications. Promising collaborations can be established seeking fundamental knowledge of relevant Gen-IV ODS steel properties (see attached travel report on MATGEN- IV 'Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors'). Major highlights refer to results on future Ferritic/Martensitic steel cladding candidates (relevant to Gen-IV materials properties for LFR Materials Program) and on thermodynamic and mechanic behavior of metallic FeCr binary alloys, base matrix for future candidate steels (for the LLNL-LDRD project on Critical Issues on Materials for Gen-IV Reactors).

de Caro, M S

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

153

Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery-EOR Thermal Processes Report IV-12  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Ninth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 62 through 67. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eight, and ninth reports on Annex IV, [Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, and IV-8 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/1/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP) DOE/BC-92/1/SP, DOE/BC-93/3/SP, and DOE/BC-95/3/SP] contain the results from the first 61 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1! 987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, and March 1995 respectively.

Izequeido, Alexandor

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

EIS-0402: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California 2: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California EIS-0402: Santa Susana Field Laboratory Area IV, California Summary This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of remediation of Area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL Area IV). SSFL Area IV, occupying approximately 290 acres of the total 2,852-acre SSFL site is located in the hills between Chatsworth and Simi Valley, CA, and was developed as a remote site to test rocket engines and conduct nuclear research. This EIS will evaluate alternatives for disposition of radiological facilities and support buildings, remediation of the affected environment, and disposal of all resulting waste at existing, approved sites. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time.

155

EXHIBIT IV DOE/EV-0003/29 ORNL-5734  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

v EXHIBIT IV - DOE/EV-0003/29 ORNL-5734 Radiological Survey of the Former Kellex Research Facility, Jersey City, New Jersey 6. A. Berven H. W. Dickson W. A. Goldsmith W. M. Johnson W. D. Cottrell R. W. Doane F. F. Haywood M. T. Ryan W. H. Shinpaugh DOE/EV-0005/29 ORNL-5734 Dist. Category UC-70 Contract No. W-7405-eng-26 Health and Safety Research Division RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE FORMER KELLEX RESEARCH FACILITY, JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY B. A. Berven W. D. Cottrell H. W. Dickson R. W. Doane W. A. Goldsmith F. F. Haywood W. M. Johnson M. T. Ryan W. H. Shinpaugh Worked performed as part of the Remedial Action Survey and Certification Activities Date Published: February 1982 , OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by UNION'CARBIDE CORPORATION for the

156

Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Generation IV International Forum Signs Agreement to Collaborate on Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors February 17, 2006 - 11:58am Addthis FUKUI , JAPAN - The Department of Energy today announced that the United States signed a sodium-cooled fast reactor systems arrangement with France and Japan, providing the framework for collaboration among these countries on the research and development of these advanced nuclear reactors. The signing of the agreement took place on February 16, 2006. This arrangement will support the development of technologies associated with the U.S.-led Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), announced earlier this month by Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman. GNEP is a

157

IvPE-cEAEs?nILE!! P  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Cw-rent: _______ rT--- Cw-rent: _______ rT--- Owner contacted 0 yes J7' j-r~~; if ye.. date contacted ___ IvPE-cEAEs?nILE!! P Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage 0 Prime ,!Z! Subcontract& JZl Purchase Order q Facility Type q Manufacturing q University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------------- [7 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, etc)------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR OWNE_D LEfEEE !a!N_E_D !E!_sED OWNED ---------- ---LEASED LANDS BUILDINGS !I : 0 # % :: EQUIPMENT ; 0 0 1 ORE OR RAW MATL 0 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0 WASTE & RESIDUE q

158

XAFS and LIBD Investigation of the Formation and Structure of Pu(IV) Hydrolysis Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pu(IV) oxyhydroxide colloid growth is investigated with XAFS and LIBD. From combined results a model of colloid formation is proposed, which leads to a face-centered cubic Pu sublattice having cation defects, as observed with EXAFS, and a linear dependency of log [Pu(IV)] on -log [H{sup +}] with slope -2, in accord with LIBD. The solubility for Pu(IV) measured with LIBD is close to the lower limit of the solubility curve from previously reported data.

Rothe, J.; Walther, C.; Denecke, M.A.; Fanghänel, Th. (Karlesruhe)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

159

Catalytic effects of period iv transition metal in the oxidation of biodiesel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??CATALYTIC EFFECTS OF PERIOD IV TRANSITION METALS IN THE OXIDATION OF BIODIESEL BRADLEY R CLARK December 2011 Advisors: Dr. Steve Salley, Dr. Simon Ng, Dr.… (more)

Clark, Bradley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Enhanced-oil-recovery thermal processes, annex IV. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report IV-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex IV - Enhanced-Oil-Recovery Thermal Processes which was divided into seven tasks. This report will discuss the information developed within Task I related to the Department of Energy providing data on the performance of insulated oil-well tubulars. Surface generated steam has been traditionally used in thermal enhanced oil recovery processes. In past years the tubing through which the steam is injected into the reservoir has been bare with relatively high heat losses. In recent years however various materials and designs for insulating the tubing to reduce heat losses have been developed. Evaluation of several of these designs in an instrumented test tower and in an oil field test environment was undertaken. These tests and the resulting data are presented.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Method Method PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 9. Refinery Receipts of Crude Oil by Method of Transportation by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Pipeline Domestic 3,989 665,625 988,103 88,072 243,055 1,988,844 Foreign 21,230 569,209 374,991 81,074 55,191 1,101,695 Tanker Domestic 3,537 0 6,795 0 182,822 193,154 Foreign 269,722 0 1,261,640 0 367,865 1,899,227 Barge Domestic 11,303 8,899 130,591 0 408 151,201 Foreign 12,497 596 43,718 0 23,652 80,463 Tank Cars Domestic 5,916 2,070 12,072 0 10,027 30,085 Foreign 3,685 0 235 0 194 4,114 Trucks Domestic 3,715 7,856 73,171 39,163 7,347 131,252 Foreign 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Domestic 28,460 684,450 1,210,732 127,235 443,659 2,494,536 Foreign 307,134 569,805 1,680,584 81,074 446,902 3,085,499

162

Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commodity Commodity PAD Districts I II III IV V United States Table 10a. Fuel Consumed at Refineries by PAD District, 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Crude Oil 0 0 0 0 0 0 Liquefied Petroleum Gases 0 464 490 49 518 1,521 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 89 236 1 209 539 Residual Fuel Oil 26 18 11 16 469 540 Still Gas 13,838 50,328 108,359 8,694 38,875 220,094 Marketable Petroleum Coke 0 0 0 528 166 694 Catalyst Petroleum Coke 9,003 17,611 42,614 2,852 12,416 84,496 Natural Gas (million cubic feet) 38,347 143,702 474,359 26,971 159,849 843,228 Coal (thousand short tons) 30 0 0 0 0 30 Purchased Electricity (million kWh) 2,355 11,892 23,255 2,003 5,130 44,635 Purchased Steam (million pounds) 3,849 12,723 88,922 1,439 14,426 121,359 Other Products 40 47 677 67 1,141 1,972

163

An Economic Analysis of Generation IV Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect

This report examines some conditions necessary for Generation IV Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) to be competitive in the world energy market. The key areas that make nuclear reactors an attractive choice for investors are reviewed, and a cost model based on the ideal conditions is developed. Recommendations are then made based on the output of the cost model and on conditions and tactics that have proven successful in other industries. The Encapsulated Nuclear Heat Source (ENHS), a specific SMR design concept, is used to develop the cost model and complete the analysis because information about the ENHS design is readily available from the University of California at Berkeley Nuclear Engineering Department. However, the cost model can be used to analyze any of the current SMR designs being considered. On the basis of our analysis, we determined that the nuclear power industry can benefit from and SMRs can become competitive in the world energy market if a combination of standardization and simplification of orders, configuration, and production are implemented. This would require wholesale changes in the way SMRs are produced, manufactured and regulated, but nothing that other industries have not implemented and proven successful.

Stewart, J S; Lamont, A D; Rothwell, G S; Smith, C F; Greenspan, E; Brown, N; Barak, A

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

New seismological results on the G0 IV eta Bootis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several attempts have been made to detect solar-like oscillations in the G0 IV star eta Boo. We present here new observations on this star simultaneously conducted with two spectrographs: Coralie mounted on the 1.2-m Swiss telescope at the ESO La Silla Observatory (Chile) and Elodie based on the 1.93-m telescope at the Observatoire de Haute Provence (France). In total, 1239 spectra were collected over 13 nights. The power spectrum of the high precision velocity time series clearly presents several identifiable peaks between 0.4 and 1.0 mHz showing regularity with a large and small separations of Delta_nu = 39.9 uHz and delta_nu02 = 3.95 uHz respectively. Twenty-two individual frequencies have been identified. Detailed models based on these measurements and non-asteroseismic observables were computed using the Geneva evolution code including shellular rotation and atomic diffusion. By combining these seismological data with non-asteroseismic observations, we determine the following global parameters for eta Boo: a mass of 1.57 +- 0.07 M_sol, an age t=2.67 +- 0.10 Gyr and an initial metallicity Z/X_i=0.0391 +- 0.0070. We also show that the mass of eta Boo is very sensitive to the choice of the observed metallicity, while the age of eta Boo depends on the input physics used. Indeed, a higher metallicity favours a higher mass, while non-rotating models without overshooting predict a smaller age.

F. Carrier; P. Eggenberger; F. Bouchy

2005-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

165

Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced PADD IV refining capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of Rocky Mountain area petroleum product availability with reduced refining capacity in Petroleum Administration for Defense IV (PADD IV, part of the Rocky Mountain area) have been performed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model, a linear program which has been updated to blend gasolines to satisfy constraints on emissions of nitrogen oxides and winter toxic air pollutants. The studies do not predict refinery closures in PADD IV. Rather, the reduced refining capacities provide an analytical framework for probing the flexibility of petroleum refining and distribution for winter demand conditions in the year 2000. Industry analysts have estimated that, for worst case scenarios, 20 to 35 percent of PADD IV refining capacity could be shut-down as a result of clean air and energy tax legislation. Given these industry projections, the study scenarios provide the following conclusions: The Rocky Mountain area petroleum system would have the capability to satisfy winter product demand with PADD IV refinery capacity shut-downs in the middle of the range of industry projections, but not in the high end of the range of projections. PADD IV crude oil production can be maintained by re-routing crude released from PADD IV refinery demands to satisfy increased crude oil demands in PADDs II (Midwest), III (Gulf Coast), and Washington. Clean Air Act product quality regulations generally do not increase the difficulty of satisfying emissions reduction constraints in the scenarios.

Hadder, G.R.; Chin, S.M.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Selection of Correlations and Look-Up Tables for Critical Heat Flux Prediction in the Generation IV "IRIS" Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to fulfill the goals set forth by the Generation IV International Forum, the current NERI funded

Romano, A.

167

Microsoft Word - Outside_CoverFinalEIS Volume IV.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IV - Public Comments IV - Public Comments June 2009 Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Prepared for: Lead Agency: Western Area Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers DOE/EIS-0377 Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume IV - Public Comments June 2009 Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project Prepared for: Lead Agency: Western Area Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers VOLUME CONTENTS Volume I Executive Summary Acronyms Table of Contents Chapter 1 - Introduction Chapter 2 - Proposed Project, Proposed Federal Actions, and Alternatives Chapter 3 - Affected Environment Chapter 4 - Environmental Consequences

168

INFLUENCE OF NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC ORGANIC LIGANDS ON THE STABILITY AND MOBILITY OF REDUCED TC(IV)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives were (1) to quantify the interactions of organic ligands with Tc(IV) through the generation of thermodynamic (complexation) and kinetic parameters needed to assess and predict the mobility of reduced Tc(IV) at DOE contaminated sites; and (2) to determine the impact of organic ligands on the mobility and fate of reduced Tc(IV) under field geochemical conditions.

Nathalie A. Wall; Baohua Gu

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

169

Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-11: Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Tenth Amendment anti Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. This report is presented in sections (for each of the six Tasks) and each section contains one or more reports that were prepared to describe the results of the effort under each of the Tasks. A statement of each Task, taken from the Agreement Between Project Managers, is presented on the first page of each section. The Tasks are numbered 68 through 73. The first through tenth report on research performed under Annex IV Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report Number IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-10 contain the results of the first 67 Tasks. These reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, March 1995, and December 1997, respectively.

Venezuela

2000-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

170

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in 2007-2010. Tracking the Sun IV: The Installed Cost of$/W) Total Tracking the Sun IV: The Installed Cost of$/W) Total Tracking the Sun IV: The Installed Cost of

Darghouth, Naim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

172

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Middlesex County, New Jersey Coordinates 40.4111363°, -74.3587473° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4111363,"lon":-74.3587473,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh 9: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota Summary Western Area Power Administration is evaluating the potential environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to Western's existing Wilton/Baldwin substation and allowing NextEra's existing wind projects in this area to operate above 50 annual MW. Western is preparing a Supplemental Draft EIS to address substantial changes to the proposal, including 30 turbine locations and 5 alternate turbine locations in Crofte Township. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download

174

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

175

DEVELOPMENT OF RISK-BASED AND TECHNOLOGY-INDEPENDENT SAFETY CRITERIA FOR GENERATION IV SYSTEMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project has developed quantitative safety goals for Generation IV (Gen IV) nuclear energy systems. These safety goals are risk based and technology independent. The foundations for a new approach to risk analysis has been developed, along with a new operational definition of risk. This project has furthered the current state-of-the-art by developing quantitative safety goals for both Gen IV reactors and for the overall Gen IV nuclear fuel cycle. The risk analysis approach developed will quantify performance measures, characterize uncertainty, and address a more comprehensive view of safety as it relates to the overall system. Appropriate safety criteria are necessary to manage risk in a prudent and cost-effective manner. This study is also important for government agencies responsible for managing, reviewing, and for approving advanced reactor systems because they are charged with assuring the health and safety of the public.

William E. Kastenberg; Edward Blandford; Lance Kim

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

Feasibility of risk-informed regulation for Generation-IV reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the advent of new and innovative Generation-IV reactor designs, new regulations must be developed to assure the safety of these plants. In the past a purely deterministic way of developing design basis accidents was ...

Matos, Craig H

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Stark broadening of B IV lines for astrophysical and laboratory plasma research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stark broadening parameters for 36 multiplets of B IV have been calculated using the semi-classical perturbation formalism. Obtained results have been used to investigate the regularities within spectral series and temperature dependence.

Dimitrijevi?, Milan S; Simi?, Zoran; Kova?evi?, Andjelka; Sahal-Bréchot, Sylvie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Architecture and urbanism in Henri IV's Paris : the Place Royale, Place Dauphine, and Hôpital St. Louis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation concerns the extensive building program which Henri IV undertook in Paris from 1600 to 1610. Focusing on the place Royale (now called the place des Vosges) , the place Dauphine, rue Dauphine, and Pont ...

Ballon, Hilary Meg

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Those early days as we remember them (Part IV) - Met Lab & Early...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Those early days as we remember them Part IV William P. Norris Division of Biological and Medical Research Ed. note: The following was transcribed from a tape recording made in...

180

Technical Session IV Talks | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Construction Projects BES Home 2011 Accelerator Detector RD PI Meeting files Technical Session IV Talks Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Future Light...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Reductive Disslocation of Pu(IV) by Clostridium sp. Under Anaerobic Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An anaerobic, gram positive, spore-forming bacterium Clostridium sp., common in soils and wastes, capable of reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II), Mn(IV) to Mn(II), Tc(VII) to Tc(IV), and U(VI) to U(IV), reduced Pu(IV) to Pu(III). Addition of 242Pu (IV)-nitrate to the bacterial growth medium at pH 6.4 resulted in the precipitation of Pu as amorphous Pu(OH)4 due to hydrolysis and polymerization reactions. The Pu (1 x 10-5 M) had no effect upon growth of the bacterium as evidenced by glucose consumption; carbon dioxide and hydrogen production; a decrease in pH of the medium from 6.4 to 3.0 due to production of acetic and butyric acids from glucose fermentation; and a change in the Eh of the culture medium from +50 to -180 mV. Commensurate with bacterial growth, Pu was rapidly solubilized as evidenced by an increase in Pu concentration in solution which passed through a 0.03 {mu}m filtration. Selective solvent extraction of the culture by thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) indicated the presence of a reduced Pu species in the soluble fraction. X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopic (XANES) analysis of Pu in the culture sample at the Pu LIII absorption edge (18.054 keV) showed a shift of -3 eV compared to a Pu(IV) standard indicating reduction of Pu(IV) to Pu(III). These results suggest that, although Pu generally exists as insoluble Pu(IV) in the environment, under appropriate conditions, anaerobic microbial activity could affect the long-term stability and mobility of Pu by its reductive dissolution.

Francis,A.; Dodge, C.; Gillow, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Virtual Reality Framework to Optimize Design, Operation and Refueling of GEN-IV Reactors.  

SciTech Connect

many GEN-IV candidate designs are currently under investigation. Technical issues related to material, safety and economics are being addressed at research laboratories, industry and in academia. After safety, economic feasibility is likely to be the most important crterion in the success of GEN-IV design(s). Lessons learned from the designers and operators of GEN-II (and GEN-III) reactors must play a vital role in achieving both safety and economic feasibility goals.

Rizwan-uddin; Nick Karancevic; Stefano Markidis; Joel Dixon; Cheng Luo; Jared Reynolds

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

183

A nuclear magnetic resonance probe of group IV clathrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The clathrates feature large cages of silicon, germanium, or tin, with guest atoms in the cage centers. The group IV clathrates are interesting because of their thermoelectric efficiency, and their glasslike thermal conductivity at low temperatures. Clathrates show a variety of properties, and the motion of cage center atoms is not well understood. In Sr8Ga16Ge30, we found that the slow atomic motion in the order 10-5 s is present in this system, which is much slower than what would be expected for standard atomic dynamics. NMR studies of Sr8Ga16Ge30 showed that Knight shift and T1 results are consistent with low density metallic behavior. The lineshapes exhibit changes consistent with motional narrowing at low temperatures, and this indicates unusually slow hopping rates. To further investigate this behavior, we made a series of measurements using the Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill NMR sequence. Fitting the results to a hopping model yielded an activation energy of 4.6 K. We can understand all of our observations in terms of non-resonant atomic tunneling between asymmetric sites within the cages, in the presence of disorder. For Ba8Ga16Ge30, the relaxation behavior (T1) deviates from the Korringa relation, and the Knight shift and linewidth change with temperature. Those results could be explained by carrier freezout, and the development of a dilute set of magnetic moments due to these localized carriers. For Ba8Ga16Ge30 samples made from Ga flux, we observed different T1 and Knight shift behavior as compared to n type material. This is due to the differences in carrier type among these different samples. The p type sample has a smaller Knight shift and a slower relaxation rate than n type samples made with the stoichiometric ratio, which is consistent with a change in orbital symmetry between the conduction and valence bands. WDS study for Ba8Al10Ge36 showed the existence of vacancies in the Al-deficient samples, which results in some degree of ordering of Al occupation on the framework sites. In Al NMR measurements on Ba8AlxGe40-x with x = 12 to 16, we found that T1 of all Al samples follows the Korringa relation. The broadening of the single NMR central peak of Ba8Al16Ge30 is due to the inhomogeneous Knight shifts for occupation of different framework sites. For Ba8Al12Ge34 and Ba8Al13Ge33, we observed two peaks, and NMR results show that they are from distinct Al sites, while for each peak, the inhomogeneous broadening is much smaller. The difference in lineshapes we attributed to the existence of vacancies which we detected in the Al-deficient materials, and we assign one of the two Al peaks to Al adjacent to a vacancy.

Gou, Weiping

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Lightest Isotope of Bh Produced Via the 209Bi(52Cr,n)260Bh Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

models. For many years, “cold fusion” reactions utilizingproduced via the new “cold fusion” reaction 209 Bi( 52 Cr,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Characterization of marine exopolymeric substance (EPS) responsible for binding of thorium (IV) isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The functional group composition of acid polysaccharides was determined after isolation using cross-flow ultrafiltration, radiolabeling with 234Th(IV) and other isotopes, and separation using isoelectric focusing (IEF) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Phosphate and sulphate concentrations were determined from cultured bacterial and phytoplankton colloid, particulate and colloidal samples collected from the Gulf of M??xico (GOM). Characterization of the 234Th(IV)-binding biomolecule was performed using ion chromatography (IC), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Radiotracer experiments and culture experiments were conducted in determining the binding environment of the 234Th(IV)-binding ligand (i.e., sorption onto suspended particles), as well as the origin of the ligand in seawater systems. In all samples, 234Th(IV) isoelectric focusing profiles indicated that 49% to 65% of the 234Th(IV) labeled EPS from Roseobacter gallaeciensis, Sagittula stellata, Emiliania huxleyi, Synechococcus elongatus and GOM Station 4-72m was found at a pHIEF of 2 in the IEF spectrum. The carboxylic acid group appeared at the same pHIEF as 234Th(IV) for EPS from Roseobacter gallaeciensis, Emiliania huxleyi, Synechococcus elongatus and GOM colloidal organic matter sample. The phosphate group appeared at the same pHIEF as 234Th(IV) for EPS from Roseobacter gallaeciensis, and Synechococcus elongatus sample. The sulphate group was found at the same pHIEF as 234Th(IV) for EPS from S. elongatus and GOM colloidal organic matter sample. The total polysaccharide content was only 14% and 8%, uronic acids were approximately 5.4% and 87.1%, and total protein content was 2.6% and 6.2% of total carbon content of Sagittula stellata and Synechococcus elongatus, respectively. Monosaccharides identified in both Sagittula stellata and Synechococcus elongatus were galactose, glucose, and xylose in common. In addition, Sagittula stellata contained mannose and Synechococcus elongatus had galactoglucuronic acid. Thus, depending on the species, the size, structural composition, and functional groups of the 234Th(IV)-binding, acidic polysaccharides will vary. From these observations, it is concluded that the steric environment and not necessarily the exact functional group might actually be responsible for thorium-234 complexation to macromolecular organic matter. This research helped to improve our understanding of the observed variability in POC/234Th ratios in the ocean and provided insights into factors that regulate organic carbon export fluxes.

Alvarado Quiroz, Nicolas Gabriel

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Task 5 Report: Generation IV Reactor Virtual Mockup Proof-of-Principle Study  

SciTech Connect

Task 5 report is part of a 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Created a virtual mockup of PBMR reactor cavity and discussed applications of virtual mockup technology to improve Gen IV design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning.

Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Executive Summary  

SciTech Connect

To meet future energy needs, ten countries--Argentina, Brazil, Canada, France, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of South Africa, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States--have agreed on a framework for international cooperation in research for an advanced generation of nuclear energy systems, known as Generation IV. These ten countries have joined together to form the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop future-generation nuclear energy systems that can be licensed, constructed, and operated in a manner that will provide competitively priced and reliable energy products while satisfactorily addressing nuclear safety, waste, proliferation, and public perception concerns. The objective for Generation IV nuclear energy systems is to be available for international deployment before the year 2030, when many of the world's currently operating nuclear power plants will be at or near the end of their operating licenses.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Thorium nanochemistry: the solution structure of the Th(IV)?hydroxo pentamer  

SciTech Connect

Tetravalent thorium exhibits a strong tendency towards hydrolysis and subsequent polymerization. Polymeric species play a crucial role in understanding thorium solution chemistry, since their presence causes apparent solubility several orders of magnitude higher than predicted by thermodynamic data bases. Although electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI MS) identifies Th(IV) dimers and pentamers unequivocally as dominant species close to the solubility limit, the molecular structure of Th{sub 5}(OH){sub y} polymers was hitherto unknown. In the present study, X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, high energy X-ray scattering (HEXS) measurements, and quantum chemical calculations are combined to solve the pentamer structure. The most favourable structure is represented by two Th(IV) dimers linked by a central Th(IV) cation through hydroxide bridges.

Walther, Clemens; Rothe, Jörg; Schimmelpfennig, Bernd; Fuss, Markus (Karlsruher)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

189

Enhanced oil recovery for thermal processes. First amendment and extension to Annex IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the result of efforts under the several tasks of the First Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal processes. The report is presented in six sections (for each of the six tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each one of the tasks. Each section has been abstracted and processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 8-13. The first report on Annex IV, Venezuela-MEM/USE-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15), contains the results from the first seven tasks. That report is dated April 1983, entitled, EOR Thermal Processes.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

CONSTRUCTION OF WEB-ACCESSIBLE MATERIALS HANDBOOK FORGENERATION IV NUCLEAR REACTORS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a web-accessible materials handbook in support of the materials selection and structural design for the Generation IV nuclear reactors is being planned. Background of the reactor program is briefly introduced. Evolution of materials handbooks for nuclear reactors over years is reviewed in light of the trends brought forth by the rapid advancement in information technologies. The framework, major features, contents, and construction considerations of the web-accessible Gen IV Materials Handbook are discussed. Potential further developments and applications of the handbook are also elucidated.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy,...

192

Belize - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand ... wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear ... Central & South America World. Rank .

193

Relativistic solar particle events during STIP (study of travelling interplanetary phenomena) intervals II and IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using spaceship 'Earth' as a detector located at 1 AU, the relativistic solar cosmic ray events of 30 April 1976 and 22 November 1977 are compared to deduce the relativistic solar particle flux anisotropy and pitch angle characteristics in the interplanetary medium. These two ground level events occurred during STIP Interval II and IV respectively - periods of time of coordinated and cooperative scientific efforts.

Shea, M.A.; Smart, D.F.

1982-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

194

EIS-0469: Proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, Burleigh County, North Dakota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of interconnecting NextEra Energy Resources proposed Wilton IV Wind Energy Center Project, near Bismarck, North Dakota, to one of DOE’s Western Area Power Administration’s existing substations and to operate NextEra’s existing wind projects in this area above 50 annual MW.

195

Pseudomonas aeruginosa protease IV degrades surfactant proteins and inhibits surfactant host defense and biophysical functions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as effectively as untreated surfactant and this effect was inhibited by TLCK. We speculate that protease IV may kinetics and increased minimum surface tension of isolated large surfactant aggregates. This effect, Gwozdz J, Richardson TR, Fisher JH, Burhans MS and Korfhagen TR. Distinct effects of surfactant protein

Hogan, Brigid L.M.

196

Method of removing Pu(IV) polymer from nuclear fuel reclaiming liquid  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Pu(IV) polymer not extractable from a nuclear fuel reclaiming solution by conventional processes is electrolytically converted to Pu.sup.3+ and PuO.sub.2.sup.2+ ions which are subsequently converted to Pu.sup.4+ ions extractable by the conventional processes.

Tallent, Othar K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Mailen, James C. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bell, Jimmy T. (Kingston, TN); Arwood, Phillip C. (Harriman, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Characterization of a mixed salt of 1-hydroxy-pyridin-2-one Pu(IV) complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray diffraction data for the Pu-(1,2-HOPO) complex wereof the mixed salt of hydroxypyridonate Pu(IV) complexesis presented; [Pu(1,2- HOPO) 3 (H 2 O) 2 ·ClO 4 ] [Pu(1,2-

Gorden, Anne E.V.; Xu, Jide; Szigethy, Geza; Oliver, Allen; Shuh, David K.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Ten-Year Program Plan Fiscal Year 2005, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

As reflected in the U.S. ''National Energy Policy'', nuclear energy has a strong role to play in satisfying our nation's future energy security and environmental quality needs. The desirable environmental, economic, and sustainability attributes of nuclear energy give it a cornerstone position, not only in the U.S. energy portfolio, but also in the world's future energy portfolio. Accordingly, on September 20, 2002, U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham announced that, ''The United States and nine other countries have agreed to develop six Generation IV nuclear energy concepts''. The Secretary also noted that the systems are expected to ''represent significant advances in economics, safety, reliability, proliferation resistance, and waste minimization''. The six systems and their broad, worldwide research and development (R&D) needs are described in ''A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems'' (hereafter referred to as the Generation IV Roadmap). The first 10 years of required U.S. R&D contributions to achieve the goals described in the Generation IV Roadmap are outlined in this Program Plan.

None

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Houston, we have a success story: technology transfer at the NASA IV&V facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details, from the point of view of researchers and from the point of view of program managers, the development of and technology transfer from NASA's research program in Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V). Keywords: independent verification and validation, research, technology transfer

Ken McGill; Wes Deadrick; Jane Huffman Hayes; Alex Dekhtyar

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Second amendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the result of efforts under the several tasks of the Second Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 12 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 11 and 14 through 24. The first and second reports on Annex IV, Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1 and Report IV-2 (DOE/BETS/SP-83/15 and DOE/BC-84/6/SP), contain the results from the first 14 tasks, with the exception of an INTEVEP Survey for Task II which is included here. Those reports are dated April 1983 and August 1984 and are both entitled, ''EOR Thermal Processes''. Selected papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Peterson, G.; Munoz, J.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Various Kinetic Energy Characteristics of Hailpatterns in the Grossversuch IV Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regularly spaced 3.8 km2 mesh hailpad network covers 800 km2 in the Grossversuch IV Experiment in Switzerland and allows the recording of distinct hailpatterns and the calculation of their kinetic energy. With natural hailfall data over four ...

Jean François Mezeix; Nadie Doras

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Definition of the Floating System for Phase IV of OC3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Phase IV of the IEA Annex XXIII Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration (OC3) involves the modeling of an offshore floating wind turbine. This report documents the specifications of the floating system, which are needed by the OC3 participants for building aero-hydro-servo-elastic models.

Jonkman, J.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

THE UNUSUAL VARIABLE HOT B SUBDWARF LS IV-14{sup 0}116  

SciTech Connect

We first present the results of follow-up photometric observations of the He-rich hot B subdwarf LS IV-14{sup 0}116, which confirm the presence of multiperiodic luminosity variations in the light curve of this star. Rather surprisingly, no other follow-up observations of this kind seem to have been published after the initial suggestion in 2005 that LS IV-14{sup 0}116 could be a pulsating star of a new kind. We were able to extract from our data at least six significant periodicities ranging from 1954 s to 5084 s, including the two oscillations uncovered previously. We also present the results of an analysis combining a high signal-to-noise optical spectrum of LS IV-14{sup 0}116 with recently developed non-local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres and synthetic spectra. Our best estimates of the atmospheric parameters of this star are T{sub eff} = 34950 {+-} 250 K, log g = 5.93 {+-} 0.04, and log N(He)/N(H) = -0.62 {+-} 0.03 (formal fitting errors only). These place LS IV-14{sup 0}116 very near the region of maximum instability in the T{sub eff}-log g plane for short-period p-mode pulsators of the hot subdwarf type. If the luminosity variations are indeed due to pulsations, then LS IV-14{sup 0}116 poses a real challenge to current theory: how can such long observed periods (which would have to be associated with medium- to high-order g-modes) be excited at such a high effective temperature and surface gravity, while the short-period p-modes, more typically excited in this domain, are not observed in this particular star?

Green, E. M.; Guvenen, B.; O'Malley, C. J.; O'Connell, C. J.; Baringer, B. P.; Villareal, A. S.; Carleton, T. M. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, Succ. Centre-Ville, C.P. 6128, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Charpinet, S., E-mail: bgreen@as.arizona.edu [Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, Toulouse (France)

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

Updated Generation IV Reactors Integrated Materials Technology Program Plan, Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Program will address the research and development (R&D) necessary to support next-generation nuclear energy systems. Such R&D will be guided by the technology roadmap developed for the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) over two years with the participation of over 100 experts from the GIF countries. The roadmap evaluated over 100 future systems proposed by researchers around the world. The scope of the R&D described in the roadmap covers the six most promising Generation IV systems. The effort ended in December 2002 with the issue of the final Generation IV Technology Roadmap [1.1]. The six most promising systems identified for next generation nuclear energy are described within the roadmap. Two employ a thermal neutron spectrum with coolants and temperatures that enable hydrogen or electricity production with high efficiency (the Supercritical Water Reactor - SCWR and the Very High Temperature Reactor - VHTR). Three employ a fast neutron spectrum to enable more effective management of actinides through recycling of most components in the discharged fuel (the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor - GFR, the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor - LFR, and the Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor - SFR). The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) employs a circulating liquid fuel mixture that offers considerable flexibility for recycling actinides, and may provide an alternative to accelerator-driven systems. A few major technologies have been recognized by DOE as necessary to enable the deployment of the next generation of advanced nuclear reactors, including the development and qualification of the structural materials needed to ensure their safe and reliable operation. Accordingly, DOE has identified materials as one of the focus areas for Gen IV technology development.

Corwin, William R [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Halsey, William [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Hayner, George [Idaho National Laboratory (INL); Katoh, Yutai [ORNL; Klett, James William [ORNL; McGreevy, Timothy E [ORNL; Nanstad, Randy K [ORNL; Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL; Stoller, Roger E [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012 ... The reactivity of enargite samples from Montana, US and Quiruvilca, Peru were studied under alkaline conditions, pH range of 8-13, using a ...

206

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011 ... Environmentally Assisted Cracking of Carbon Steel in High Temperature Geothermal Well: Sigrun Karlsdottir1; Ingolfur Thorbjornsson1; ...

207

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012 ... Texture measurements at HB-3A [HFIR] and HIPPO [LANSCE] showed enhanced or diminished texture components depending on the initial ...

208

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 9, 2012 ... Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Healthcare and Industry .... for In Vivo Detection of Dysplasia: Yizheng Zhu1; 1Duke University

209

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010... Ohad Levy3; 1Duke University; 2Brigham Young University; 3NRCN ... First Principles Energy Methods: Gerbrand Ceder1; 1Massachusetts ...

210

Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174. Suirr 300, 955 L*Enfwu Plaza. S. Iv.. Washingron. D.C. 200242174. 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: I ELIMINATION~RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND "NIY$RfITIES / t kphonc (202) d.t%xO The attached elimination recommendation was prepared lin accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September! The recommenda includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site' List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College. University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on phe FUSRAP

211

Microsoft PowerPoint - Roberts, IV and Stewardship (SSAB April 2010).ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Independent Verification and Independent Verification and Stewardship April 29, 2010 Sarah Roberts, CHP Acting Program Director, ORISE IEAV Benefits of IV "IV is an important quality assurance step that ensures cleanup goals have been achieved" (DOE Lessons Learned from Independent have been achieved (DOE Lessons Learned from Independent Verification Activities, July 2008) * Offers a cost-effective way to provide assurance that the site was successfully remediated to the risk-based release criteria was successfully remediated to the risk based release criteria * Enhances public credibility and builds stakeholder trust in environmental cleanup * Provides consistency among multiple D&D projects at a particular site * Ensures D&D plans and reports are technically sound

212

Proposal for the construction of a Scylla IV-P confinement studies theta pinch  

SciTech Connect

An experimental linear theta-pinch device, called Scylla IV-P, is proposed to obtain important physical and technological data in support of the LASL high-beta confinement program. The major objective of this experiment will be to perform precise studies of the scaling laws for the growth rates of the most important magnetohydrodynamic modes acting in the Scyllac configuration. These experimental checks of theoretical predictions are expected to play a major role in defining the technological parameters of a Physics Test Reactor based upon the toroidal theta-pinch concept. Auxiliary and secondary goals for the Scylla IV-P device will be finite-iongyro-radius effects studies, high-field coil development, wallstabilization experiments, high-density linear theta-pinch studies, and diagnostic development. (auth)

Ellis, W.R. Jr.; Riesenfeld, W.B.; Sawyer, G.A.

1973-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Structure of Dimeric Apolipoprotein A-IV and Its Mechanism of Self-Association  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apolipoproteins are key structural elements of lipoproteins and critical mediators of lipid metabolism. Their detergent-like properties allow them to emulsify lipid or exist in a soluble lipid-free form in various states of self-association. Unfortunately, these traits have hampered high-resolution structural studies needed to understand the biogenesis of cardioprotective high-density lipoproteins (HDLs). We derived a crystal structure of the core domain of human apolipoprotein (apo)A-IV, an HDL component and important mediator of lipid absorption. The structure at 2.4 {angstrom} depicts two linearly connected 4-helix bundles participating in a helix swapping arrangement that offers a clear explanation for how the protein self-associates as well as clues to the structure of its monomeric form. This also provides a logical basis for antiparallel arrangements recently described for lipid-containing particles. Furthermore, we propose a 'swinging door' model for apoA-IV lipid association.

Deng, Xiaodi; Morris, Jamie; Dressmen, James; Tubb, Matthew R.; Tso, Patrick; Jerome, W. Gray; Davidson, W. Sean; Thompson, Thomas B. (UCIN); (Vanderbilt)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

Applicability of the sludge processing technical standard to type IV waste tanks with high fluoride concentration  

SciTech Connect

Type IV waste tanks at the Savannah River Plant which contain ballast water (tanks 17, 18, 19, 20, and 24) have solution compositions that are generally within the database developed for corrosion protection of the sludge processing tanks. Therefore the technical standard covering tank chemistry limits during sludge processing is applicable to the Type TV tanks. However, Tank 20 contains levels of fluoride higher than those treated in the sludge processing database. To confirm the applicability of the sludge processing technical standard, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans for pitting susceptibility were run in a simulant of the Tank 20 contents. The nitrite inhibitor level specified by the standards did inhibit pitting corrosion in the simulant. Pitting was inhibited also at the same nitrite level but with 30 percent higher concentrations of chloride, fluoride, and sulfate. Thus the sludge processing technical standard has been shown to provide corrosion protection to type IV tanks containing ballast water.

Zapp, P.E.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Public Utility Commission Regulation and Cost-Effectiveness of Title IV: Lessons for CAIR  

SciTech Connect

There is growing evidence that the cost savings potential of the Title IV SO{sub 2} cap-and-trade program is not being reached. PUC regulatory treatment of compliance options appears to provide one explanation for this finding. That suggests that PUCs and utility companies should work together to develop incentive plans that will encourage cost-minimizing behavior for compliance with the EPA's recently issued Clean Air Interstate Rule.

Sotkiewicz, Paul M.; Holt, Lynne

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Speciation model selection by Monte Carlo analysis of optical absorption spectra: Plutonium(IV) nitrate complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Standard modeling approaches can produce the most likely values of the formation constants of metal-ligand complexes if a particular set of species containing the metal ion is known or assumed to exist in solution equilibrium with complexing ligands. Identifying the most likely set of species when more than one set is plausible is a more difficult problem to address quantitatively. A Monte Carlo method of data analysis is described that measures the relative abilities of different speciation models to fit optical spectra of open-shell actinide ions. The best model(s) can be identified from among a larger group of models initially judged to be plausible. The method is demonstrated by analyzing the absorption spectra of aqueous Pu(IV) titrated with nitrate ion at constant 2 molal ionic strength in aqueous perchloric acid. The best speciation model supported by the data is shown to include three Pu(IV) species with nitrate coordination numbers 0, 1, and 2. Formation constants are {beta}{sub 1}=3.2{+-}0.5 and {beta}{sub 2}=11.2{+-}1.2, where the uncertainties are 95% confidence limits estimated by propagating raw data uncertainties using Monte Carlo methods. Principal component analysis independently indicates three Pu(IV) complexes in equilibrium. (c) 2000 Society for Applied Spectroscopy.

Berg, John M. [Nuclear Materials Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Veirs, D. Kirk [Nuclear Materials Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Vaughn, Randolph B. [Nuclear Materials Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Cisneros, Michael R. [Nuclear Materials Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Smith, Coleman A. [Nuclear Materials Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Rational Ligand Design for U(VI) and Pu(IV)  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power is an attractive alternative to hydrocarbon-based energy production at a time when moving away from carbon-producing processes is widely accepted as a significant developmental need. Hence, the radioactive actinide power sources for this industry are necessarily becoming more widespread, which is accompanied by the increased risk of exposure to both biological and environmental systems. This, in turn, requires the development of technology designed to remove such radioactive threats efficiently and selectively from contaminated material, whether that be contained nuclear waste streams or the human body. Raymond and coworkers (University of California, Berkeley) have for decades investigated the interaction of biologically-inspired, hard Lewis-base ligands with high-valent, early-actinide cations. It has been established that such ligands bind strongly to the hard Lewis-acidic early actinides, and many poly-bidentate ligands have been developed and shown to be effective chelators of actinide contaminants in vivo. Work reported herein explores the effect of ligand geometry on the linear U(IV) dioxo dication (uranyl, UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}). The goal is to utilize rational ligand design to develop ligands that exhibit shape selectivity towards linear dioxo cations and provides thermodynamically favorable binding interactions. The uranyl complexes with a series of tetradentate 3-hydroxy-pyridin-2-one (3,2-HOPO) ligands were studied in both the crystalline state as well as in solution. Despite significant geometric differences, the uranyl affinities of these ligands vary only slightly but are better than DTPA, the only FDA-approved chelation therapy for actinide contamination. The terepthalamide (TAM) moiety was combined into tris-beidentate ligands with 1,2- and 3,2-HOPO moieties were combined into hexadentate ligands whose structural preferences and solution thermodynamics were measured with the uranyl cation. In addition to achieving coordinative saturation, these ligands exhibited increased uranyl affinity compared to bis-Me-3,2-HOPO ligands. This result is due in part to their increased denticity, but is primarily the result of the presence of the TAM moiety. In an effort to explore the relatively unexplored coordination chemistry of Pu(IV) with bidentate moieties, a series of Pu(IV) complexes were also crystallized using bidentate hydroxypyridinone and hydroxypyrone ligands. The geometries of these complexes are compared to that of the analogous Ce(IV) complexes. While in some cases these showed the expected structural similarities, some ligand systems led to significant coordination changes. A series of crystal structure analyses with Ce(IV) indicated that these differences are most likely the result of crystallization condition differences and solvent inclusion effects.

Szigethy, Geza

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

218

Environmental effects of marine energy development around the world. Annex IV Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Annex IV is an international collaborative project to examine the environmental effects of marine energy devices among countries through the International Energy Agency’s Ocean Energy Systems Initiative (OES). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) serves as the Operating Agent for the Annex, in partnership with the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM; formerly the Minerals Management Service), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Numerous ocean energy technologies and devices are being developed around the world, and the few data that exist about the environmental effects of these technologies are dispersed among countries and developers. The purpose of Annex IV is to facilitate efficient government oversight of the development of ocean energy systems by compiling and disseminating information about the potential environmental effects of marine energy technologies and to identify methods of monitoring for these effects. Beginning in 2010, this three-year effort produced a publicly available searchable online database of environmental effects information (Tethys). It houses scientific literature pertaining to the environmental effects of marine energy systems, as well as metadata on international ocean energy projects and research studies. Two experts’ workshops were held in Dublin, Ireland (September 2010 and October 2012) to engage with international researchers, developers, and regulators on the scope and outcomes of the Annex IV project. Metadata and information stored in the Tethys database and feedback obtained from the two experts’ workshops were used as resources in the development of this report. This Annex IV final report contains three case studies of specific interactions of marine energy devices with the marine environment that survey, compile, and analyze the best available information in one coherent location. These case studies address 1) the physical interactions between animals and tidal turbines; 2) the acoustic impact of marine energy devices on marine animals; and 3) the effects of energy removal on physical systems. Each case study contains a description of environmental monitoring efforts and research studies, lessons learned, and analysis of remaining information gaps. The information collected through the Annex IV effort and referenced in this report, can be accessed on the Tethys database at http://mhk.pnnl.gov/wiki/index.php/Tethys_ Home.

Copping, Andrea; Hanna, Luke; Whiting, Johnathan; Geerlofs, Simon; Grear, Molly; Blake, Kara (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States)); Coffey, Anna; Massaua, Meghan; Brown-Saracino, Jocelyn; Battey, Hoyt (US Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States))

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Climatology-Calibrated Precipitation Analysis at Fine Scales: Statistical Adjustment of Stage IV towards CPC Gauge Based Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two widely used precipitation analyses are the CPC Unified Global Daily Gauge Analysis and Stage IV analysis based on quantitative precipitation estimate with multi-sensor observations. The Former is based on gauge records with a uniform quality ...

Dingchen Hou; Mike Charles; Yan Luo; Zoltan Toth; Yuejian Zhu; Roman Krzysztofowicz; Ying Lin; Pingping Xie; Dong-Jun Seo; Malaquias Pena; Bo Cui

220

The economics of pollution permit banking in the context of Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tradable pollution permits are the basis of a new market-based approach to environmental control. The Acid Rain Program, established under Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and aimed at drastically reducing ...

Schennach, Susanne M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Further Results of Grossversuch IV: The Effect of the First Rocket Launched into a Potential Hail Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The data obtained in Grossversuch IV about hail prevention triggered the hypothesis that only the first rocket launched into a potential hail cell decreases hail kinetic energy in an effect-time interval around 10 min after launching time. ...

J. Bader; W. A. Stahel; W. Schmid

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Detection and Quantification of Pu(III, IV, V, and VI) Using a 1.0-meter Liquid Core Waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

absorption spectra of Pu ions in 1 M perchloric acidA. ) Pu III, B. )Pu IV, C. ) Pu V (0.001 M HClO 4 ), D. ) Pu VI. D

Wilson, Richard E.; Hu, Yung-Jin; Nitsche, Heino

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Path of Carbon in Photosynthesis IV. The Identity and Sequence fo the Intermediates in Sucrose Synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B&TH OF CARBON IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS IV. THE IDENTITY Alii'])eigl, AMS Monograph on Photosynthesis, .in press. UCRL-254in a 9O-second photosynthesis, an activity of 30,000 cpm is

Calvin, M.; Benson, A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Hydration structures of U(III) and U(IV) ions from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply DFT+U-based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations to study the hydration structures of U(III) and U(IV) ions, pertinent to redox reactions associated with uranium salts in aqueous media. U(III) is predicted to be coordinated to 8 water molecules, while U(IV) has a hydration number between 7 and 8. At least one of the innershell water molecules of the hydrated U(IV) complex becomes spontaneously deprotonated. As a result, the U(IV)-O pair correlation function exhibits a satellite peak at 2.15 A associated with the shorter U(IV)-(OH{sup -}) bond. This feature is not accounted for in analysis of extended x-ray absorption fine structure and x-ray adsorption near edge structure measurements, which yield higher estimates of U(IV) hydration numbers. This suggests that it may be useful to include the effect of possible hydrolysis in future interpretation of experiments, especially when the experimental pH is close to the reported hydrolysis equilibrium constant value.

Leung, Kevin; Nenoff, Tina M. [Sandia National Laboratories, MS 1415, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

Generation IV Reactors Integrated Materials Technology Program Plan: Focus on Very High Temperature Reactor Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 2002, the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems (Gen IV) Program has addressed the research and development (R&D) necessary to support next-generation nuclear energy systems. The six most promising systems identified for next-generation nuclear energy are described within this roadmap. Two employ a thermal neutron spectrum with coolants and temperatures that enable hydrogen or electricity production with high efficiency (the Supercritical Water Reactor-SCWR and the Very High Temperature Reactor-VHTR). Three employ a fast neutron spectrum to enable more effective management of actinides through recycling of most components in the discharged fuel (the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor-GFR, the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor-LFR, and the Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor-SFR). The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) employs a circulating liquid fuel mixture that offers considerable flexibility for recycling actinides and may provide an alternative to accelerator-driven systems. At the inception of DOE's Gen IV program, it was decided to significantly pursue five of the six concepts identified in the Gen IV roadmap to determine which of them was most appropriate to meet the needs of future U.S. nuclear power generation. In particular, evaluation of the highly efficient thermal SCWR and VHTR reactors was initiated primarily for energy production, and evaluation of the three fast reactor concepts, SFR, LFR, and GFR, was begun to assess viability for both energy production and their potential contribution to closing the fuel cycle. Within the Gen IV Program itself, only the VHTR class of reactors was selected for continued development. Hence, this document will address the multiple activities under the Gen IV program that contribute to the development of the VHTR. A few major technologies have been recognized by DOE as necessary to enable the deployment of the next generation of advanced nuclear reactors, including the development and qualification of the structural materials needed to ensure their safe and reliable operation. The focus of this document will be the overall range of DOE's structural materials research activities being conducted to support VHTR development. By far, the largest portion of material's R&D supporting VHTR development is that being performed directly as part of the Next-Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project. Supplementary VHTR materials R&D being performed in the DOE program, including university and international research programs and that being performed under direct contracts with the American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, will also be described. Specific areas of high-priority materials research that will be needed to deploy the NGNP and provide a basis for subsequent VHTRs are described, including the following: (1) Graphite: (a) Extensive unirradiated materials characterization and assessment of irradiation effects on properties must be performed to qualify new grades of graphite for nuclear service, including thermo-physical and mechanical properties and their changes, statistical variations from billot-to-billot and lot-to-lot, creep, and especially, irradiation creep. (b) Predictive models, as well as codification of the requirements and design methods for graphite core supports, must be developed to provide a basis for licensing. (2) Ceramics: Both fibrous and load-bearing ceramics must be qualified for environmental and radiation service as insulating materials. (3) Ceramic Composites: Carbon-carbon and SiC-SiC composites must be qualified for specialized usage in selected high-temperature components, such as core stabilizers, control rods, and insulating covers and ducting. This will require development of component-specific designs and fabrication processes, materials characterization, assessment of environmental and irradiation effects, and establishment of codes and standards for materials testing and design requirements. (4) Pressure Vessel Steels: (a) Qualification of short-term, high-temperature properties of light water rea

Corwin, William R [ORNL; Burchell, Timothy D [ORNL; Katoh, Yutai [ORNL; McGreevy, Timothy E [ORNL; Nanstad, Randy K [ORNL; Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Snead, Lance Lewis [ORNL; Wilson, Dane F [ORNL

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Underground Test Area Subproject Phase I Data Analysis Task. Volume IV - Hydrologic Parameter Data Documentation Package  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume IV of the documentation for the Phase I Data Analysis Task performed in support of the current Regional Flow Model, Transport Model, and Risk Assessment for the Nevada Test Site Underground Test Area Subproject contains the hydrologic parameter data. Because of the size and complexity of the model area, a considerable quantity of data was collected and analyzed in support of the modeling efforts. The data analysis task was consequently broken into eight subtasks, and descriptions of each subtask's activities are contained in one of the eight volumes that comprise the Phase I Data Analysis Documentation.

None

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (Phase I). Project IV. Structural building response; Structural Building Response Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the Phase I effort of the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP) being performed by the University of California Lawrence Livermore Laboratory for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the basic objective of Subtask IV.1 (Structural Building Response Review) is to review and summarize current methods and data pertaining to seismic response calculations particularly as they relate to the objectives of the SSMRP. This material forms one component in the development of the overall computational methodology involving state of the art computations including explicit consideration of uncertainty and aimed at ultimately deriving estimates of the probability of radioactive releases due to seismic effects on nuclear power plant facilities.

Healey, J.J.; Wu, S.T.; Murga, M.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Generic process for preparing a crystalline oxide upon a group IV semiconductor substrate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for growing a crystalline oxide epitaxially upon the surface of a Group IV semiconductor, as well as a structure constructed by the process, is described. The semiconductor can be germanium or silicon, and the crystalline oxide can generally be represented by the formula (AO).sub.n (A'BO.sub.3).sub.m in which "n" and "m" are non-negative integer repeats of planes of the alkaline earth oxides or the alkaline earth-containing perovskite oxides. With atomic level control of interfacial thermodynamics in a multicomponent semiconductor/oxide system, a highly perfect interface between a semiconductor and a crystalline oxide can be obtained.

McKee, Rodney A. (Kingston, TN); Walker, Frederick J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Chisholm, Matthew F. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Final report of 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Mockups applied to design review of AP600/1000, Construction planning for AP 600, and AP 1000 maintenance evaluation. Proof of concept study also performed for GenIV PBMR models.

Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

230

Environmental management report, Region IV (pilot project): Attachments A and B. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared primarily as an internal document to present to management an overview of environmental status and trends in Region IV and to highlight environmental problems and management implications. This is a part of a series of reports from each of the ten federal Regions of the United States. Discussion is organized by the several programs concerned with different aspects (media) of the environment from air quality to radiation and pesticides. This report covers the States of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.

Not Available

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Environmental management report, Region IV (pilot project): Parts 1 and 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared primarily as an internal document to present to management an overview of environmental status and trends in Region IV and to highlight environmental problems and management implications. This is a part of a series of reports from each of the ten federal Regions of the United States. Discussion is organized by the several programs concerned with different aspects (media) of the environment from air quality to radiation and pesticides. This report covers the States of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.

Not Available

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Heterogeneous catalysis in fluoride melts: reduction of uranium(V) and niobium(IV) by hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reduction of uranium(V) or niobium(IV) dissolved in fluoride melts at 550/sup 0/C by hydrogen gas in the absence of catalysts exhibits zero-order kinetics, i.e., the quantity reduced per unit time is independent of the concentration of dissolved species or the hydrogen gas partial pressure. Platinum catalysts accelerate the reaction rate 10- to 100-fold and, with uranium(V), the catalyzed reaction exhibits first-order kinetics, suggesting that the catalyzed reaction may be diffusion limited. Platinum was catalytically active when present as platinum black powder, sponge, sheet or powder that has sintered to or alloyed with the gold reaction crucible.

Kelmers, A.D.; Bennett, M.R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Gen IV Materials Handbook Functionalities and Operation (4A) Handbook Version 4.0  

SciTech Connect

This document is prepared for navigation and operation of the Gen IV Materials Handbook, with architecture description and new user access initiation instructions. Development rationale and history of the Handbook is summarized. The major development aspects, architecture, and design principles of the Handbook are briefly introduced to provide an overview of its past evolution and future prospects. Detailed instructions are given with examples for navigating the constructed Handbook components and using the main functionalities. Procedures are provided in a step-by-step fashion for Data Upload Managers to upload reports and data files, as well as for new users to initiate Handbook access.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Gen IV Materials Handbook Functionalities and Operation (2B) Handbook Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is prepared for navigation and operation of the Gen IV Materials Handbook, with architecture description and new user access initiation instructions. Development rationale and history of the Handbook is summarized. The major development aspects, architecture, and design principles of the Handbook are briefly introduced to provide an overview of its past evolution and future prospects. Detailed instructions are given with examples for navigating the constructed Handbook components and using the main functionalities. Procedures are provided in a step-by-step fashion for Data Upload Managers to upload reports and data files, as well as for new users to initiate Handbook access.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

CANDIDATES OF H{alpha} EMITTING REGIONS IN THE MAGELLANIC STREAM IV CLOUD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From H{alpha} narrowband observations, we identified three H{alpha} emitting regions in the direction of Magellanic Stream IV (MS IV). They consist of three parallel filaments of 2 arcmin width and 6-30 arcmin length at 12 arcmin intervals. Their mean surface brightness (SB) is {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -18} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2} arcsec{sup -2}. Because of their low SB, the regions were not detected in previous H{alpha} surveys. In the H I map, the position of the filaments overlap MS, suggesting that they are parts of the MS, but there also exists a local H I structure. If the filaments are associated with the MS, the sizes are 30 pc Multiplication-Sign 100-500 pc. The filaments lie at the leading edge of a downstream cloud, which supports shock heating and its propagation (shock cascade) model for the ionizing source. If they are local objects, on the other hand, Fossil Stroemgren Trails of more than two stars is a possible interpretation, and the sizes would be 0.1 pc Multiplication-Sign 0.3-1.5 pc at 180 pc distance. The positional information of the H{alpha} filaments presented in this Letter enables future spectroscopic observations to clarify their nature.

Yagi, Masafumi; Komiyama, Yutaka [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Yoshida, Michitoshi, E-mail: YAGI.Masafumi@nao.ac.jp [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Prevention of Pu(IV) polymerization in a PUREX-based process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) is being designed to produce MOX fuel assemblies for use in domestic, commercial nuclear power reactors, as part of the U.S. DOE efforts to dispose of surplus weapon-grade plutonium. The feed material is plutonium dioxide from surplus weapon grade plutonium. PuO{sub 2}, issued from a pit disassembly and conversion facility (PDCF), will be processed using a flowsheet derived from the La Hague reprocessing plant to remove impurities. The purified PuO{sub 2} will be blended with UO{sub 2} to form mixed oxide pellets, and loaded into fuel rods, to create MOX fuel assemblies based on the process and technology of the MELOX plant in France,. Safety studies are necessary to support the development of the design basis per regulation 10 CFR Part 70 to complete an integrated safety analysis for the MFFF facility. The formation of tetravalent plutonium polymers in certain process vessels of the aqueous polishing (AP) process has been identified as a potential hazard. Based on scientific literature, the following paper demonstrates that within the AP process units, the polymerization of Pu(IV) will not occur and/or will not create a criticality issue even where the acidity may drop below 0.5 N HNO{sub 3}. We will identify and control the conditions under which plutonium (IV) will not polymerize. (authors)

Paviet-Hartmann, Patricia [Idaho State University, 1776 Science Center Drive, Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States); Senentz, Gerald [AREVA NC, 1 rue des Herons, 78182 St Quentin en Yvelines (France)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Accurate Electrical Battery Model Capable of Predicting Runtime and I-V Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Low power dissipation and maximum battery runtime are crucial in portable electronics. With accurate and efficient circuit and battery models in hand, circuit designers can predict and optimize battery runtime and circuit performance. In this paper, an accurate, intuitive, and comprehensive electrical battery model is proposed and implemented in a Cadence environment. This model accounts for all dynamic characteristics of the battery, from nonlinear open-circuit voltage, current-, temperature-, cycle number-, and storage time-dependent capacity to transient response. A simplified model neglecting the effects of self-discharge, cycle number, and temperature, which are nonconsequential in low-power Li-ion-supplied applications, is validated with experimental data on NiMH and polymer Li-ion batteries. Less than 0.4 % runtime error and 30-mV maximum error voltage show that the proposed model predicts both the battery runtime and I–V performance accurately. The model can also be easily extended to other battery and power sourcing technologies. Index Terms—Batteries, cadence simulation, electrical model, I–V performance, nickel-metal hydride battery, polymer lithiumion battery, runtime prediction, test system. I.

Min Chen; Student Member; Gabriel A. Rincón-mora; Senior Member

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A Project Management and Systems Engineering Structure for a Generation IV Very High Temperature Reactor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) will be an advanced, very high temperature (approximately 1000o C. coolant outlet temperature), gas cooled nuclear reactor and is the nearest term of six Generation IV reactor technologies for nuclear assisted hydrogen production. In 2001, the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a ten nation international forum working together with the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC), agreed to proceed with the development of a technology roadmap and identified the next generation of nuclear reactor systems for producing new sources of power. Since a new reactor has not been licensed in the United States since the 1970s, the risks are too large for a single utility to assume in the development of an unprecedented Generation IV reactor. The government must sponsor and invest in the research to resolve major first of a kind (FOAK) issues through a full-scale demonstration prior to industry implementation. DOE’s primary mission for the VHTR is to demonstrate nuclear reactor assisted cogeneration of electricity and hydrogen while meeting the Generation IV goals for safety, sustainability, proliferation resistance and physical security and economics. The successful deployment of the VHTR as a demonstration project will aid in restarting the now atrophied U.S. nuclear power industry infrastructure. It is envisioned that VHTR project participants will include DOE Laboratories, industry partners such as designers, constructors, manufacturers, utilities, and Generation IV international countries. To effectively mange R&D, engineering, procurement, construction, and operation for this multi-organizational and technologically complex project, systems engineering will be used extensively to ensure delivery of the final product. Although the VHTR is an unprecedented FOAK system, the R&D, when assessed using the Office of Science and Technology Gate Model, falls primarily in the 3rd - Exploratory Development, 4th – Advanced Development, and 5th- Engineering Development stages of maturity rather than in the basic and viability stages. Therefore the R&D must be controlled and project driven from the top down to address specific issues of feasibility, proof of design or support of engineering. The design evolution must be through the systems approach including an iterative process of high-level requirements definition, engineering to focus R&D to verify feasibility, requirements development and conceptual design, R&D to verify design and refine detailed requirements for final detailed design. This paper will define a framework for project management and application of systems engineering at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The VHTR Project includes an overall reactor design and construction activity and four major supporting activities: fuel development and qualification, materials selection and qualification, NRC licensing and regulatory support, and the hydrogen production plant.

Ed Gorski; Dennis Harrell; Finis Southworth

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: Third ammendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the seven tasks of the Third Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of effort under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 25 through 31. The first, second, and third reports on Annex IV, ((Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, and IV-3 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, and DOE/BC-86/2/SP)) contain the results from the first 24 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, and March 1986. Selected papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Peterson, G.; Munoz, J.D.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

EVALUATION METHODOLOGY FOR PROLIFERATION RESISTANCE AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF GENERATION IV NUCLEAR ENERGY SYSTEMS: AN OVERVIEW.  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the methodology approach developed by the Generation IV International Forum Expert Group on Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection for evaluation of Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection robustness of Generation IV nuclear energy systems options. The methodology considers a set of alternative systems and evaluates their resistance or robustness to a collection of potential threats. For the challenges considered, the response of the system to these challenges is assessed and expressed in terms of outcomes. The challenges to the system are given by the threats posed by potential proliferant States and sub-national adversaries on the nuclear systems. The characteristics of the Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate their response to the threats and determine their resistance against the proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and theft threats. System response encompasses three main elements: (1) System Element Identification. The nuclear energy system is decomposed into smaller elements (subsystems) at a level amenable to further analysis. (2) Target Identification and Categorization. A systematic process is used to identify and select representative targets for different categories of pathways, within each system element, that actors (proliferant States or adversaries) might choose to use or attack. (3) Pathway Identification and Refinement. Pathways are defined as potential sequences of events and actions followed by the proliferant State or adversary to achieve its objectives (proliferation, theft or sabotage). For each target, individual pathway segments are developed through a systematic process, analyzed at a high level, and screened where possible. Segments are connected into full pathways and analyzed in detail. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of PR&PP measures. Measures are high-level characteristics of a pathway that include information important to the evaluation methodology users and to the decisions of a proliferant State or adversary. They are first evaluated for segments and then aggregated for complete pathways. Results are aggregated as appropriate to permit pathway comparisons and system assessment. The paper highlights the current achievements in the development of the Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology. The way forward is also briefly presented together with some conclusions.

BARI, R.; ET AL.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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241

Evaluation Methodology For Proliferation Resistance And Physical Protection Of Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems: An Overview  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the methodology approach developed by the Generation IV International Forum Expert Group on Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection for evaluation of Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection robustness of Generation IV nuclear energy systems options. The methodology considers a set of alternative systems and evaluates their resistance or robustness to a collection of potential threats. For the challenges considered, the response of the system to these challenges is assessed and expressed in terms of outcomes. The challenges to the system are given by the threats posed by potential proliferant States and sub-national adversaries on the nuclear systems. The characteristics of the Generation IV systems, both technical and institutional, are used to evaluate their response to the threats and determine their resistance against the proliferation threats and robustness against sabotage and theft threats. System response encompasses three main elements: 1.System Element Identification. The nuclear energy system is decomposed into smaller elements (subsystems) at a level amenable to further analysis. 2.Target Identification and Categorization. A systematic process is used to identify and select representative targets for different categories of pathways, within each system element, that actors (proliferant States or adversaries) might choose to use or attack. 3.Pathway Identification and Refinement. Pathways are defined as potential sequences of events and actions followed by the proliferant State or adversary to achieve its objectives (proliferation, theft or sabotage). For each target, individual pathway segments are developed through a systematic process, analyzed at a high level, and screened where possible. Segments are connected into full pathways and analyzed in detail. The outcomes of the system response are expressed in terms of PR&PP measures. Measures are high-level characteristics of a pathway that include information important to the evaluation methodology users and to the decisions of a proliferant State or adversary. They are first evaluated for segments and then aggregated for complete pathways. Results are aggregated as appropriate to permit pathway comparisons and system assessment. The paper highlights the current achievements in the development of the Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Evaluation Methodology. The way forward is also briefly presented together with some conclusions.

T. Bjornard; R. Bari; R. Nishimura; P. Peterson; J. Roglans; D. Bley; J. Cazalet; G.G.M. Cojazzi; P. Delaune; M. Golay; G. Rendad; G. Rochau; M. Senzaki; I. Therios; M. Zentner

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Shipment and Disposal of Solidified Organic Waste (Waste Type IV) to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In April of 2005, the last shipment of transuranic (TRU) waste from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site to the WIPP was completed. With the completion of this shipment, all transuranic waste generated and stored at Rocky Flats was successfully removed from the site and shipped to and disposed of at the WIPP. Some of the last waste to be shipped and disposed of at the WIPP was waste consisting of solidified organic liquids that is identified as Waste Type IV in the Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Authorized Methods for Payload Control (CH-TRAMPAC) document. Waste Type IV waste typically has a composition, and associated characteristics, that make it significantly more difficult to ship and dispose of than other Waste Types, especially with respect to gas generation. This paper provides an overview of the experience gained at Rocky Flats for management, transportation and disposal of Type IV waste at WIPP, particularly with respect to gas generation testing. (authors)

D'Amico, E. L [Washington TRU Solutions (United States); Edmiston, D. R. [John Hart and Associates (United States); O'Leary, G. A. [CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC (United States); Rivera, M. A. [Aspen Resources Ltd., Inc. (United States); Steward, D. M. [Boulder Research Enterprises, LLC (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Field Sampling Plan for the Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04 Remedial Action, Phase IV  

SciTech Connect

This Field Sampling Plan outlines the collection and analysis of samples in support of Phase IV of the Waste Area Group 10, Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04 remedial action. Phase IV addresses the remedial actions to areas with the potential for unexploded ordnance at the Idaho National Laboratory Site. These areas include portions of the Naval Proving Ground, the Arco High-Altitude Bombing Range, and the Twin Buttes Bombing Range. The remedial action consists of removal and disposal of ordnance by high-order detonation, followed by sampling to determine the extent, if any, of soil that might have been contaminated by the detonation activities associated with the disposal of ordnance during the Phase IV activities and explosives during the Phase II activities.

R. Wells

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

244

Environmental assessment for operations, upgrades, and modifications in SNL/NM Technical Area IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proposed action for this EA for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico Technical Area IV, includes continuing existing operations, modification of an existing accelerator (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II) to support defnese-related Z-pinch experiments, and construction of two transformer oil storage tanks to support the expansion of the Advanced Pulsed Power Research Module, a single pulse accelerator. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE believes that the proposed action is not a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA and CEQ NEPA implementing regulations in 40 CFR 1508.18 and 1508.27. Therefore, an environmental impact statement is not required, and a Finding of No Significant Impact is issued.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

BigBOSS: The Ground-Based Stage IV BAO Experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The BigBOSS experiment is a proposed DOE-NSF Stage IV ground-based dark energy experiment to study baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the growth of structure with an all-sky galaxy redshift survey. The project is designed to unlock the mystery of dark energy using existing ground-based facilities operated by NOAO. A new 4000-fiber R=5000 spectrograph covering a 3-degree diameter field will measure BAO and redshift space distortions in the distribution of galaxies and hydrogen gas spanning redshifts from 0.2< z< 3.5. The Dark Energy Task Force figure of merit (DETF FoM) for this experiment is expected to be equal to that of a JDEM mission for BAO with the lower risk and cost typical of a ground-based experiment.

Schlegel, David; Bebek, Chris; Heetderks, Henry; Ho, Shirley; Lampton, Michael; Levi, Michael; Mostek, Nick; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Perlmutter, Saul; Roe, Natalie; Sholl, Michael; Smoot, George; White, Martin; Dey, Arjun; Abraham, Tony; Jannuzi, Buell; Joyce, Dick; Liang, Ming; Merrill, Mike; Olsen, Knut; Salim, Samir

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Analysis of Godiva-IV delayed-critical and static super-prompt-critical conditions  

SciTech Connect

Super-prompt-critical burst experiments were conducted on the Godiva-IV assembly at Los Alamos National Laboratory from the 1960s through 2005. Detailed and simplified benchmark models have been constructed for four delayed-critical experiments and for the static phase of a super-prompt-critical burst experiment. In addition, a two-dimensional cylindrical model has been developed for the super-prompt-critical condition. Criticality calculations have been performed for all of those models with four modern nuclear data libraries: ENDFIB-VI, ENDF/8-VII.0, JEFF-3.1 , and JENDL-3.3. Overall, JENDL-3.3 produces the best agreement with the reference values for k{sub eff}.

Mosteller, Russell D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goda, Joetta M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Developing for Web Integration in Sisyphus-IV: WebGrid-II Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sisyphus-IV initiative was proposed to encourage research based on the collaborative use of knowledge acquisition and management tools through the net and web and, in particular, the integration of web tools at different sites through the net. This article describes experience in the provision of web-based services for knowledge elicitation, analysis, comparison, modeling and inference to remote users accessing them through the net using a standard web browser. It describes the key features of the system architecture, provision for the support of remote users, how collaboration is supported, and the various means whereby integration is achieved with other systems. 1 Introduction One major dimension of research reported through the Knowledge Acquisition Workshops is that theories, methodologies and techniques have been made operational through their implementation in tools that have been demonstrated to the community. It was natural also to attempt to share these tools in order to...

Brian Gaines And; Brian R. Gaines; Mildred L. G. Shaw

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Recent Results from the EVN MkIV Data Processor at JIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements at the EVN MkIV data processor at JIVE include decreasing the read-out time for the whole correlator to 0.25 seconds (or 0.125 s for half the correlator), improving the end quality of user data (e.g., applying an improved 2-bit van Vleck correction), developing new astronomical capabilities (e.g., oversampling to x 4, wider-field mapping), and strengthening liaison procedures with PIs (e.g., pipelining, the EVN Archive facility). At the same time, the move to a disk-based EVN and regular incorporation of FTP fringe-checks is well underway, resulting in more reliable data quality. We will review these developments, highlighting how they may broaden the kinds of astronomy you can do. We'll also go over some measures you can take to help you get the most out of these new/improved features.

R. M. Campbell

2004-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

249

Godiva IV and Juliet Diagnostics CED-1, Rev. 1 (IER-176)  

SciTech Connect

The Juliet experiment is currently in preliminary design (IER-128). This experiment will utilize a suite of diagnostics to measure the physical state of the device (temperature, surface motion, stress, etc.) and the total and time rate of change of neutron and gamma fluxes. A variety of potential diagnostics has been proposed in this CED-1 report. Based on schedule and funding, a subset of diagnostics will be selected for testing using the Godiva IV pulsed reactor as a source of neutrons and gammas. The diagnostics development and testing will occur over a two year period (FY12-13) culminating in a final set of diagnostics to be fielded for he Juliet experiment currently proposed for execution in FY15.

Scorby, J C; Myers, W L

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

250

DESIGN AND LAYOUT CONCEPTS FOR COMPACT, FACTORY-PRODUCED, TRANSPORTABLE, GENERATION IV REACTOR SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research project is to develop compact (100 to 400 MWe) Generation IV nuclear power plant design and layout concepts that maximize the benefits of factory-based fabrication and optimal packaging, transportation and siting. The reactor concepts selected were compact designs under development in the 2000 to 2001 period. This interdisciplinary project was comprised of three university-led nuclear engineering teams identified by reactor coolant type (water, gas, and liquid metal) and a fourth Industrial Engineering team. The reactors included a Modular Pebble Bed helium-cooled concept being developed at MIT, the IRIS water-cooled concept being developed by a team led by Westinghouse Electric Company, and a Lead-Bismuth-cooled concept developed by UT. In addition to the design and layout concepts this report includes a section on heat exchanger manufacturing simulations and a section on construction and cost impacts of proposed modular designs.

Mynatt Fred R.; Townsend, L.W.; Williamson, Martin; Williams, Wesley; Miller, Laurence W.; Khan, M. Khurram; McConn, Joe; Kadak, Andrew C.; Berte, Marc V.; Sawhney, Rapinder; Fife, Jacob; Sedler, Todd L.; Conway, Larry E.; Felde, Dave K.

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

251

High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) and Converter Advancement (CAP) programs. Final reports  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains the final report of the High Efficiency Thermionics (HET-IV) Program, Attachment A, performed at Rasor Associates, Inc. (RAI); and the final report of the Converter Advancement Program (CAP), performed at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Attachment B. The phenomenology of cesium-oxygen thermionic converters was elucidated in these programs, and the factors that had prevented the achievement of stable, enhanced cesium-oxygen converter performance for the previous thirty years were identified. Based on these discoveries, cesium-oxygen vapor sources were developed that achieved stable performance with factor-of-two improvements in power density and thermal efficiency, relative to conventional, cesium-only ignited mode thermionic converters. Key achievements of the HET-IV/CAP programs are as follows: a new technique for measuring minute traces of oxygen in cesium atmospheres; the determination of the proper range of oxygen partial pressures for optimum converter performance--10{sup {minus}7} to 10{sup {minus}9} torr; the discovery, and analysis of the cesium-oxygen liquid migration and compositional segregation phenomena; the successful use of capillary forces to contain the migration phenomenon; the use of differential heating to control compositional segregation, and induce vapor circulation; the development of mechanically and chemically stable, porous reservoir structures; the development of precise, in situ oxygen charging methods; stable improvements in emitter performance, up to effective emitter bare work functions of 5.4 eV; stable improvements in barrier index, to value below 1.8 Volts; the development of detailed microscopic models for cesium-oxygen reservoir dynamics and collector work function behavior; and the discovery of new relationships between electrode geometry and Schock Instability.

Geller, C.B.; Murray, C.S.; Riley, D.R. [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States)] [Bettis Atomic Power Lab., West Mifflin, PA (United States); Desplat, J.L.; Hansen, L.K.; Hatch, G.L.; McVey, J.B.; Rasor, N.S. [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)] [Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Development of Modeling Techniques for A Generation IV Gas Fast Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worldwide, multiple countries are investing a great deal of time and energy towards developing a new class of technologically advanced nuclear reactors. These new reactors have come to be known as the Generation IV (Gen IV) class of nuclear reactors. Similarly to the other designs, the Gas Fast Reactor (GFR) has many advantages, such as electricity production at high efficiency, hydrogen production, minor actinide burning capabilities, etc. However, there are currently no immediate plans to build a GFR due to uncertainties regarding safety issues. The study conducted herein contains input techniques for the development of new neutronic and thermal hydraulic input decks for the United States (US) Department of Energy (DOE) GFR design. The Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) and MELCOR codes are used to model neutronic and thermal hydraulic characteristics, respectively. These codes are used with the intention of gaining further insight into GFR design and steady state operating characteristics of the US DOE GFR. Descriptions of inputs for all input decks, along with the results of the execution of both input decks can be found in this thesis. Although many alterations are made to original design specifications, results found in this thesis support the design modifications that have been made. Results suggest that steady-state operation of the GFR is a plausible possibility, given the right conditions. The lack of design criteria for both the reflector and borated shield regions imposes a necessity of invention upon all those who seek to clarify design criteria for the US DOE GFR. Furthermore, resulting temperature profiles for the fuel, cladding and coolant give rise to the possibility of the design of a system, based on thermionic principles, that converts core thermal energy directly to electricity. Such a system is envisioned to provide electricity to a decay heat removal system and possibly increase plant efficiency.

Dercher, Andrew Steven

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Microsoft Word - Nanocrystal-in-glass-composites bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2013 October 2013 Figure 1: ITO nanocrystals covalently linked to amorphous NbO x . [NbO 6 ] octahedral units are shown in green, ITO nanocrystals in blue. In the inset, the niobium atoms are located at the center of the green octahedra, oxygen atoms are red and indium atoms are blue. Tunable Transmittance of Near-infrared and Visible Light in Reconstructed Nanocrystal-in-Glass Composite Films The bonding arrangement in amorphous materials plays a dominant role in determining their electrochemical, optical and transport properties. However, it remains a challenge to manipulate amorphous structures in a controlled manner. Recently, scientists at the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) developed synthetic protocols for incorporating well-defined nanocrystals into amorphous materials [1,2]. This

254

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1038 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

38 38 Title: Recondition and Repair BHTX-14 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to remanufacture (including inspection and repair), transport, install, test, and pre-commission the BHTX-14 transformer. Work will be performed at the subcontractor's off-site facility. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-14 transformer from the off-site location to the Big Hill RWIS site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

255

Microsoft Word - Nanocrystal-in-glass-composites bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(ICMAB, Spain) have demonstrated the power of this approach by introducing tin-doped indium oxide nanocrystals (ITO NCs) into niobium oxide glass (NbO x ) and showing that a...

256

_PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

IMPLEMENTING INSTRUCTIONS This contract involves contractor operation of Government-owned facilities andor vehicles and the provisions of Executive Order 13423 are applicable to...

257

_PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for the KCP: meeting product schedule; meeting product specification; cost management; asset management; and compliance to contract standards including ES&H and National Security....

258

Microsoft Word - LiFe battery highlight long bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlight - May 2013 Mesoscale Phase Distribution in Li-ion Battery Electrode Materials Li-ion batteries are regarded as key devices in the effort to develop efficient...

259

Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BrazilBelize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina n/a Botswana n/aBelize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil

Zhang, Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Direct 4D-Var Assimilation of NCEP Stage IV Radar and Gauge Precipitation Data at ECMWF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var) of NCEP stage IV radar and gauge precipitation observations over the eastern United States has been developed and tested in ECMWF’s global Integrated Forecasting System. This is the ...

Philippe Lopez

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

F POWER MEASUREMENT FOR GENERATION IV SODIUM FAST R. COULON, S. NORMAND, M. MICHEL, L. BARBOT, T. DOMENECH,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.F-84500 Bollène, France. ABSTRACT The Phénix nuclear power plant has been a French Sodium Fast Reactor20 F POWER MEASUREMENT FOR GENERATION IV SODIUM FAST REACTORS R. COULON, S. NORMAND, M. MICHEL, L at the Phénix reactor shows that the use of 20 F as power tagging agent gives a fast and accurate power

262

I-V analysis of high-energy lithium-ion-irradiated Si and GaAs solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Space-grade Si and GaAs solar cells were irradiated with 15 and 40 MeV lithium ions. Dark-IV analysis (with and without illumination) reveals differences in the effects of such irradiation on the different cell types

A. Meulenberg Jr; B. Jayashree; Ramani; M. C. Radhakrishna; A. K. Saif

2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

EnEnvironmental Mobility of Pu(IV) in the Presence of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid: Myth or Reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA), which was co-disposed with Pu at several U. S. Department of Energy sites, has been reported to enhance the solubility and transport of Pu. It is generally assumed that this enhanced transport of Pu in geologic environments is a result of complexation of Pu(IV) with EDTA. However, the fundamental bases for this assumption have never been fully explored. Whether EDTA can mobilize Pu(IV) in geologic environments is dependent on many factors, chief among them are not only the complexation constants of Pu with EDTA and dominant oxidation state and the nature of Pu solids, but also 1) the complexation constants of environmentally important metal ions (e.g. Fe, Al, Ca, Mg) that compete with Pu for EDTA and 2) EDTA interactions with geomedia (e.g., adsorption, biodegradation) that reduce effective EDTA concentrations available for complexation. Extensive studies over a large range of pH values (1 to 14) and EDTA concentrations (0.0001 to 0.01 M) as a function of time were conducted on the solubility of 2-line ferrihydrite (Fe(OH)3(s)), PuO2(am) in the presence of different concentrations of Ca ions, and mixtures of PuO2(am) and Fe(OH)3(s). The solubility data were interpreted using Pitzer’s ion-interaction approach to determine/validate the solubility product of Fe(OH)3(s), the complexation constants of Pu(IV)-EDTA and Fe(III)-EDTA, and to determine the affect of EDTA in solubilizing Pu(IV) from PuO2(am) in the presence of Fe(III) compounds and aqueous Ca concentrations. Predictions based on these extensive fundamental data show that environmental mobility of Pu as a result of Pu(IV)-EDTA complexation as reported/implied in the literature is a myth rather than the reality.

Rai, Dhanpat; Moore, Dean A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Bolton, Harvey

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE SERVICE HISTORY AND CORROSION SUSCEPTIBILITY OF TYPE IV WASTE TANKS  

SciTech Connect

Type IV waste tanks were designed and built to store waste that does not require auxiliary cooling. Each Type IV tank is a single-shell tank constructed of a steel-lined pre-stressed concrete tank in the form of a vertical cylinder with a concrete domed roof. There are four such tanks in F-area, Tanks 17-20F, and four in H-Area, Tanks 21-24H. Leak sites were discovered in the liners for Tanks 19 and 20F in the 1980's. Although these leaks were visually observed, the investigation to determine the mechanism by which the leaks had occurred was not completed at that time. Therefore, a concern was raised that the same mechanism which caused the leak sites in the Tanks in F-area may also be operable in the H-Area tanks. Data from the construction of the tanks (i.e., certified mill test reports for the steel, no stress-relief), the service history (i.e., waste sample data, temperature data), laboratory tests on actual wastes and simulants (i.e., electrochemical testing), and the results of the visual inspections were reviewed. The following observations and conclusions were made: (1) Comparison of the compositional and microstructural features indicate that the A212 material utilized for construction of the H-Area tanks are far more resistant to SCC than the A285 materials used for construction of the F-Area tanks. (2) A review of the materials of construction, temperature history, service histories concluded that F-Area tanks likely failed by caustic stress corrosion cracking. (3) The environment in the F-Area tanks was more aggressive than that experienced by the H-Area tanks. (4) Based on a review of the service history, the H-Area tanks have not been exposed to an environment that would render the tanks susceptible to either nitrate stress corrosion cracking (i.e., the cause of failures in the Type I and II tanks) or caustic stress corrosion cracking. (5) Due to the very dilute and uninhibited solutions that have been stored in Tank 23H, vapor space corrosion has occurred on some of areas of the liner. The mild pitting that was observed is broad and shallow and has no structural impact. Further significant pit growth has not been observed since the 1980's.

Wiersma, B

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

265

Excitation energies, polarizabilities, multipole transition rates, and lifetimes in Th IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excitation energies of the ns_{1/2} (n=7-10), np_j (n=7-9), nd_j (n=6-8), nf_{j} (n=5-7), and ng_{j} (n=5-6) states in Th IV are evaluated. First-, second-, third-, and all-order Coulomb energies and first- and second-order Coulomb-Breit energies are calculated. Reduced matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes are determined for the 96 possible nl_j-n'l'_j' electric-dipole transitions. Multipole matrix elements (7s_{1/2}-6d_j, 7s_{1/2}-5f_j, and 5f_{5/2}-5f_{7/2}) are evaluated to obtain the lifetimes of the $5f_{7/2}$ and 7s_{1/2}$ states. Matrix elements are calculated using both relativistic many-body perturbation theory, complete through third order, and a relativistic all-order method restricted to single and double (SD) excitations. Scalar and tensor polarizabilities for the 5f_{5/2} ground state in Th3+ are calculated using relativistic third-order and all-order methods. These calculations provide a theoretical benchmark for comparison with experiment and theory.

Safronova, U I; Safronova, M S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Testing, planning, and redrilling of Geothermal Test Hole GT-2, Phases IV and V. Progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Holes GT-2 and EE-1 comprise the two deep drill holes of the Los Alamos Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Extraction Experiment. EE-1 had been directionally drilled to intersect a hydraulic fracture extending outward from near the bottom of GT-2, thus completing the underground circulation loop. After the drilling of EE-1, a 16-month period of experimental testing ensued to determine the characteristics of the reservoir. This period is designated as Phase IV and includes work done in GT-2 and EE-1. As a result of this testing, it was determined that parallel fracture zones existed at the bottoms of both holes, and that the impedance to flow between the holes was too high for a meaningful flow experiment. A plan was then adopted to directionally drill out of GT-2 at a depth of about 2600 m (8500 ft) to intersect the fracture zone near the bottom of EE-1 to create a better connection. The directional drilling strategy, cementing practices, bit selections, coring procedures, and logging results comprise the Phase V work.

Pettitt, R.A.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Assessing the potential visibility benefits of Clean Air Act Title IV emission reductions  

SciTech Connect

Assessments are made of the benefits of the 1990 Clean Air Act Title IV (COVE), Phase 2, SO2 and NOX reduction provisions, to the visibility in typical eastern and western Class 1 areas. Probable bands of visibility impairment distribution curves are developed for Shenandoah National Park, Smoky Mountain National Park and the Grand Canyon National Park, based on the existing emissions, ``Base Case``, and for the COVE emission reductions, ``CAAA Case``. Emission projections for 2010 are developed with improved versions of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program emission projection models. Source-receptor transfer matrices created with the Advanced Statistical Trajectory Regional Air Pollution (ASTRAP) model are used with existing emission inventories and with the emission projections to calculate atmospheric concentrations of sulfate and nitrate at the receptors of interest for existing and projected emission scenarios. The Visibility Assessment Scoping Model (VASM) is then used to develop distributions of visibility impairment. VASM combines statistics of observed concentrations of particulate species and relative humidity with ASTRAP calculations of the relative changes in atmospheric sulfate and nitrate particulate concentrations in a Monte Carlo approach to produce expected distributions of hourly particulate concentrations and RH. Light extinction relationships developed in theoretical and field studies are then used to calculate the resulting distribution of visibility impairment. Successive Monte Carlo studies are carried out to develop sets of visibility impairment distributions with and without the COVE emission reductions to gain insight into the detectability of expected visibility improvements.

Trexler, E.C. Jr. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States); Shannon, J.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Planning manual for energy resource development on Indian lands. Volume IV. The environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many Indian tribes own rich deposits of very valuable energy resources. Existing and proposed uses of these tribal resources range from limited development of small oil and gas fields to large-scale extraction and conversion of coal, uranium, and oil shale. The adverse environmental impacts of such projects may create a conflict between a tribe's environmental policies and its economic, employment, and other long-term goals. The purpose of this volume is to provide tribal decision makers with reference documents on the mechanisms that are available to resolve such conflicts. This report focuses on the role of existing environmental laws in enabling tribes to achieve the needed balance among its objectives. Over a dozen major Federal statutes have been enacted to achieve this purpose. One law, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), provides procedures to ensure that environmental factors are included in the Federal decision-making process. Numerous other laws, such as the Clean Air Act, have been enacted to prevent or control any negative environmental impacts of actual projects. This volume documents the key provisions of the laws and regulations, and discusses their effectiveness in meeting total needs. Also, tribal options to strengthen these mechanisms are highlighted. Sections II and III report on the role of NEPA in tribal development decisions. Section IV reviews those laws and regulations that control project operations.

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Method and apparatus for I-V data acquisition from solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for logging current-voltage (I-V) characteristic d of a solar cell module (10) in two modes using a portable instrument. One mode controls the load current through a circuit (36) in 256 equal intervals while voltage is measured from open circuit to at least halfway into the knee of the curve and the other mode controls the load voltage through a circuit (34) in 256 equal intervals from the lowest voltage measurement possible (short circuit) to at least halfway into the knee of the curve, under control of a microcomputer (12). All measurements are packed by discarding each measurement that is within 0.5% of the value predicted from two previous measurements, except every ninth (9th) measurement which is retained. The remaining data is further packed into a memory block of a detachable storage medium (14) by recording the data points in sequence following a header containing data common to all points, with each point having the value of the controlled parameter recorded as the number of increments from the previous point recorded followed by the measured value. The detachable storage medium is preferably a solid state device for reliability, and is transferable to a playback terminal which unpacks the data for analysis and display.

Cole, Steven W. (Covina, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optimized FFTF Acceptance Test Program covering Phases III, IV, and V  

SciTech Connect

A detailed review of Phases III, IV, and V of the FFTF Acceptance Test Program has been completed. The purpose of this review was to formulate that test sequence which not only meets requirements for safe, reliable and useful operation of the plant, but also results in the earliest prudent demonstration of full-power performance. A test sequence based on the underlying assumption that sodium flows into the secondary sodium storage tank (T-44) no later than August 31, 1978, is described in detail. A time-scale which allows extra time to put systems and equipment into operation the first time, debugging, and learning how to operate most effectively has been superimposed on the test sequence. Time is not included for major equipment malfunctions. This test plan provides the basis for coordinating the many and varied activities and interfaces necessary for successful and timely execution of the FFTF Acceptance Test Program. In this report, the need dates have been identified for presently scheduled test articles and standard core components.

Wykoff, W.R.; Jones, D.H.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Emergency Decay Heat Removal in a GEN-IV Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of transient analyses using the system code RELAP5-3d has been performed to confirm the efficacy of a proposed hybrid active/passive combination approach to the decay heat removal for an advanced 2400 MWt GEN-IV gas-cooled fast reactor. The accident sequence of interest is a station blackout simultaneous with a small break (10 sq.inch/0.645 m{sup 2}) in the reactor vessel. The analyses cover the three phases of decay heat removal in a depressurization accident: (1) forced flow cooling by the power conversion unit (PCU) coast down, (2) active forced flow cooling by a battery powered blower, and (3) passive cooling by natural circulation. The blower is part of an emergency cooling system (ECS) that by design is to sustain passive decay heat removal via natural circulation cooling 24 hours after shutdown. The RELAP5 model includes the helium-cooled reactor, the ECS (primary and secondary side), the PCU with all the rotating machinery (turbine and compressors) and the heat transfer components (recuperator, pre-cooler and inter-cooler), and the guard containment that surrounds the reactor and the PCU. The transient analysis has demonstrated the effectiveness of passive decay heat removal by natural circulation cooling when the guard containment pressure is maintained at or above 800 kPa. (authors)

Cheng, Lap Y.; Ludewig, Hans; Jo, Jae [Brookhaven National Laboratory, P.O. Box 5000, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Development of a High Fidelity System Analysis Code for Generation IV Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional nuclear reactor system analysis codes such as RELAP and TRAC employ an operator split methodology. In this approach, each of the physics (fluid flow, heat conduction and neutron diffusion) is solved separately and the coupling terms are done explicitly. This approach limits accuracy (first order in time at best) and makes the codes slow in running since the explicit coupling imposes stability restrictions on the time step size. These codes have been extensively tested and validated for the existing LWRs. However, for GEN IV nuclear reactor designs which tend to have long lasting transients resulting from passive safety systems, the performance is questionable and modern high fidelity simulation tools will be required. The requirement for accurate predictability is the motivation for a large scale overhaul of all of the models and assumptions in transient nuclear reactor safety simulation software. At INL we have launched an effort with the long term goal of developing a high fidelity system analysis code that employs modern physical models, numerical methods, and computer science for transient safety analysis of GEN IV nuclear reactors. Modern parallel solution algorithms will be employed through utilizing the nonlinear solution software package PETSc developed by Argonne National Laboratory. The physical models to be developed will have physically realistic length scales and time scales. The solution algorithm will be based on the physics-based preconditioned Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov solution methods. In this approach all of the physical models are solved implicitly and simultaneously in a single nonlinear system. This includes the coolant flow, nonlinear heat conduction, neutron kinetics, and thermal radiation, etc. Including modern physical models and accurate space and time discretizations will allow the simulation capability to be second order accurate in space and in time. This paper presents the current status of the development efforts as well as some results from analyzing a simplified primary system model of GNEP’s advanced burner test reactor (ABTR) designed by Argonne. Various transient analyses are performed with this simplified ABTR model to study two fundamental issues related to system analysis codes – accuracy of numeric algorithm and efficiency. The accuracy study is carried by comparing the second order method with the first order method. The results show that numerical errors in the first order method are large and it is very difficult to distinguish numerical errors from physical modeling errors. On the other hand, second order method yields small numerical errors and it is very easy to spot physical modeling errors. The efficiency study is carried out by comparing the time steps for the fully implicit solution algorithm versus CFL stability limit methods. The dynamic time steps used in a fully implicit method will adjust the time step to resolve the time scale during the various stages of a long lasting transient. This will make a computer code based on fully implicit methods run more efficiently versus a CFL stability limit method code like RELAP, in which a particle of fluid cannot cross a control volume in a single time step.

Hongbin Zhang; Vincent Mousseau; Haihua Zhao

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Nuclear data uncertainty analysis for the generation IV gas-cooled fast reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the European 2400 MW Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GoFastR), this paper summarizes a priori uncertainties, i.e. without any integral experiment assessment, of the main neutronic parameters which were obtained on the basis of the deterministic code system ERANOS (Edition 2.2-N). JEFF-3.1 cross-sections were used in conjunction with the newest ENDF/B-VII.0 based covariance library (COMMARA-2.0) resulting from a recent cooperation of the Brookhaven and Los Alamos National Laboratories within the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative. The basis for the analysis is the original GoFastR concept with carbide fuel pins and silicon-carbide ceramic cladding, which was developed and proposed in the first quarter of 2009 by the 'French alternative energies and Atomic Energy Commission', CEA. The main conclusions from the current study are that nuclear data uncertainties of neutronic parameters may still be too large for this Generation IV reactor, especially concerning the multiplication factor, despite the fact that the new covariance library is quite complete; These uncertainties, in relative terms, do not show the a priori expected increase with bum-up as a result of the minor actinide and fission product build-up. Indeed, they are found almost independent of the fuel depletion, since the uncertainty associated with {sup 238}U inelastic scattering results largely dominating. This finding clearly supports the activities of Subgroup 33 of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC), i.e. Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data, attempting to reduce the present unbiased uncertainties on nuclear data through adjustments based on available experimental data. (authors)

Pelloni, S.; Mikityuk, K. [Paul Scherrer Inst., 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i Suhr 7900.955 L*E+ru Pkzza. S. Iv.. Washington, D.C. 20024-i 7117~03.8J.cdy.4 23 September 19E M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UN11 The attached elimination recommendation was prepar with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enc Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - F&RAP ! 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, Univerr and the University of Washington) currently identified list of sites under consideration; and six institution: tified during a search of Hanford records. The attached was prepared to document the eliminai

275

Polar distortion in ultra-thin BaTiO3 films by in situ LEED-IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase stability in nanoscale ferroelectrics is governed by the interplay of electrostatic depolarization energy, domain formation, adsorption, and surface band bending. Using in situ low-energy electron-diffraction intensity versus voltage (LEED I-V), we have characterized 4 and 10 ML BaTiO{sub 3} films, grown using pulsed laser deposition with fully compressive strain on a SrRuO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} substrate. LEED I-V reveals a single surface dead layer and a monodomain vertically polarized state below. The single orientation is attributed to the intrinsic imprint asymmetry and the stability of a polarized phase to compensation of depolarizing charges by dipoles induced by surface stress.

Shin, Junsoo [ORNL; Nascimento, Von B [ORNL; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Plummer, E Ward [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Baddorf, Arthur P [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record 13010: Onboard Type IV Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems - Current Performance and Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Record Record #: 13010 Date: June 11, 2013 Title: Onboard Type IV Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems - Current Performance and Cost Originators: Scott McWhorter and Grace Ordaz Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: July 17, 2013 Item: This record summarizes the current status of the projected capacities and manufacturing costs of Type IV, 350- and 700-bar compressed hydrogen storage systems, storing 5.6 kg of usable hydrogen, for onboard light-duty automotive applications when manufactured at a volume of 500,000 units per year. The current projected performance and cost of these systems are presented in Table 1 against the DOE Hydrogen Storage System targets. These analyses were performed in support of the Hydrogen Storage

277

Dissolution of Technetium(IV) Oxide by Natural and Synthetic Organic Ligands Under both Reducing and Oxidizing Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Technetium-99 (Tc) in nuclear waste is a significant environmental concern due to its long half-life and high mobility in the subsurface. Reductive precipitation of Tc(IV) oxides [TcO2(s)] is an effective means of immobilizing Tc, thereby impeding its migration in groundwater. However, TcO2(s) is subject to dissolution by oxidants and/or complexing agents. In this study we ascertain the effects of a synthetic organic ligand, ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), and two natural humic isolates on the dissolution and solubility of Tc(IV) oxides. Pure synthetic TcO2(s) (0.23 mM) was used in batch experiments to determine dissolution kinetics at pH ~6 under both reducing and oxidizing conditions. All organic ligands were found to enhance the dissolution of Tc(IV) oxides, increasing their solubility from ~10-8 M (without ligands) to 4 10-7 M under strictly anoxic conditions. Reduced Tc(IV) was also found to re-oxidize rapidly under oxic conditions, with an observed oxidative dissolution rate approximately an order of magnitude higher than that of ligand-promoted dissolution under reducing conditions. Significantly, oxidative dissolution was inhibited by EDTA but enhanced by humic acid compared with experiments without any complexing agents. The redox functional properties of humics, capable of facilitating intra-molecular electron transfer, may account for this increased oxidation rate under oxic conditions. Our results highlight the importance of complex interactions for the stability and mobility of Tc, and thus for the long-term fate of Tc in contaminated environments.

Gu, Baohua [ORNL; Dong, W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Liang, Liyuan [ORNL; Wall, Nathalie [Washington State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Extraction of Th(IV) and U(VI) by dihexyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate from aqueous nitrate media  

SciTech Connect

The extraction behavior of Th(IV) and U(VI) from nitrate media was studied using relatively pure dihexyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate (DHDECMP). The data were compared with analogous measurements obtained with dibutyl butylphosphonate (DB(BP)). It was found that the extractant dependency is second power for U(VI) with both DHDECMP and DB(BP). However, the extractant dependency for Th(IV) is third power for DB(BP) but varied from 2.5 to 2.0 power for DHDECMP depending on the total nitrate concentration. The K/sub d/ data do not support the theory that DHDECMP is an effective chelating agent for actinide ions. Significant differences between DHDECMP and DB(BP) do appear in the extraction behavior of Th(IV) from 1 to 5 M HNO/sub 3/. These differences are explained by the ability of DHDECMP to buffer itself against the effects of HNO/sub 3/ by protonation of the amide group.

Horwitz, E.P.; Kalina, D.G.; Muscatello, A.C.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The determination of PCBs in Rocky Flats Type IV waste sludge by gas chromatography/electron capture detection. Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Before disposal, radioactive sludge (Type IV) from Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) must be evaluated for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) content. The Type IV sludge consists of organic solvents, degreasers, cutting oils, and transuranic (TRU) waste mixed with calcium silicate (MicroCel E{reg_sign} and Oil Dri{reg_sign} to form a grease or paste-like material. For laboratory testing, a nonradioactive simulated Type 17V RFP sludge was prepared at Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E). This sludge has a composition similar to that expected from field samples. In an earlier effort, a simplified method was developed for extraction, cleanup of extract, and determination of PCBs in samples of simulated sludge spiked with Aroclors 1254 and 1260. The simplified method has now been used to determine the presence and quantities of other Aroclors in the simulated sludge, namely, Aroclors 10 1 6, 1221, 1232, 1242, and 1248. The accuracy and precision of the data for these Aroclors were found to be similar to the data for sludges spiked with Aroclors 1254 and 1260. Since actual sludges may vary in composition, the method was also verified by analyzing another source of Type IV simulated sludge, prepared by Argonne National Laboratory-West (ANL-W).

Parish, K.J.; Applegate, D.V.; Postlethwait, P.D.; Boparai, A.S.; Reedy, G.T.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Directed synthesis of crystalline plutonium (III) and (IV) oxalates: accessing redox-controlled separations in acidic solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both binary and ternary solid complexes of Pu(III) and Pu(IV) oxalates have been previously reported in the literature. However, uncertainties regarding the coordination chemistry and the extent of hydration of some compounds remain mainly because of the absence of any crystallographic characterization. Single crystals of hydrated oxalates of Pu(III), Pu{sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}{center_dot}3H{sub 2}O (I) and Pu(IV), KPu(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(OH){center_dot}2.5H{sub 2}O (II), were synthesized under moderate hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Compounds I and II are the first plutonium(III) or (IV) oxalate compounds to be structurally characterized via single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Crystallographic data for I: monoclinic, space group P21/c, a = 11.246(3) A, b = 9.610(3) A, c = 10.315(3) A, Z = 4 and II: monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 23.234(14) A, b = 7.502(4) A, c = 13.029(7) A, Z = 8.

Runde, Wolfgang [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brodnax, Lia F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goff, George S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bean, Amanda C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Brian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

ON THE CHALLENGING VARIABILITY OF LS IV-14{sup 0}116: PULSATIONAL INSTABILITIES EXCITED BY THE {epsilon}-MECHANISM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the pulsation driving mechanism responsible for the long-period photometric variations observed in LS IV-14{sup 0}116, a subdwarf B star showing a He-enriched atmospheric composition. To this end, we perform detailed nonadiabatic pulsation computations over fully evolutionary post-He-core-flash stellar structure models, appropriate for hot subdwarf stars at evolutionary phases previous to the He-core burning stage. We found that the variability of LS IV-14{sup 0}116 can be attributed to non-radial g-mode pulsations excited by the {epsilon}-mechanism acting in the He-burning shells that appear before the star settles in the He-core burning stage. Even more interestingly, our results show that LS IV-14{sup 0}116 could be the first known pulsating star in which the {epsilon}-mechanism of mode excitation is operating. Last but not the least, we find that the period range of destabilized modes is sensitive to the exact location of the burning shell, something that might help in distinguishing between the different evolutionary scenarios proposed for the formation of this star.

Miller Bertolami, M. M.; Corsico, A. H.; Althaus, L. G., E-mail: mmiller@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IV IV An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Galen Barbose Naïm Darghouth Ryan Wiser Joachim Seel September 2011 Tracking the Sun IV Contents An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Primary Authors: Galen Barbose, Naïm Darghouth, Ryan Wiser, and Joachim Seel Executive Summary ...................................................................................................... 1 1. Introduction .............................................................................................................. 5 2. Data Summary .......................................................................................................... 8

283

NEPTUNIUM IV AND V SORPTIN TO END-MEMBER SUBSURFACE SEDIMENTS TO THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Migration of Np through the subsurface is expected to be primarily controlled by sorption to sediments. Therefore, understanding and quantifying Np sorption to sediments and sediments from the Savannah River Site (SRS) is vital to ensure safe disposal of Np bearing wastes. In this work, Np sorption to two sediments representing the geological extremes with respect to sorption properties expected in the SRS subsurface environment (named 'subsurface sandy sediment' and 'subsurface clayey sediment') was examined under a variety of conditions. First a series of baseline sorption tests at pH 5.5 under an oxic atmosphere was performed to understand Np sorption under typical subsurface conditions. These experiments indicated that the baseline K{sub d} values for the subsurface sandy and subsurface clayey sediments are 4.26 {+-} 0.24 L kg{sup -1} and 9.05 {+-} 0.61 L kg{sup -1}, respectively. These Np K{sub d} values of SRS sediments are the first to be reported since Sheppard et al. (1979). The previous values were 0.25 and 0.16 L kg{sup -1} for a low pH sandy sediment. To examine a possible range of K{sub d} values under various environmental scenarios, the effects of natural organic matter (NOM, also a surrogate for cellulose degradation products), the presence of various chemical reductants, and an anaerobic atmosphere on Np sorption were examined. The presence of NOM resulted in an increase in the Np K{sub d} values for both sediments. This behavior is hypothesized to be the result of formation of a ternary Np-NOM-sediment complex. Slight increases in the Np sorption (K{sub d} 13-24 L kg{sup -1}) were observed when performing experiments in the presence of chemical reductants (dithionite, ascorbic acid, zero-valent iron) or under anaerobic conditions. Presumably, the increased sorption can be attributed to a slight reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV), the stronger sorbing form of Np. The most significant result of this study is the finding that Np weakly sorbs to both end member sediments and that Np only has a slight tendency to reduce to its stronger sorbing form, even under the most strongly reducing conditions expected under natural SRS conditions. Also, it appears that pH has a profound effect on Np sorption. Based on the these new measurements and the revelations about Np redox chemistry, the following changes to 'Best K{sub d}' values, as defined in Kaplan (2006), for SRS performance assessment calculations are recommended.

Kaplan, D.

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

284

A Pronounced Upper-Tropospheric Warm Anomaly Encountered by the NOAA G-IV Aircraft in the Vicinity of Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent flights near deep convection by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Gulfstream-IV surveillance aircraft have occasionally experienced significant positive temperature anomalies that sometimes impact the aircraft ...

Robert Rogers; Sim Aberson; John Kaplan; Stan Goldenberg

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Impact on Hurricane Track and Intensity Forecasts of GPS Dropwindsonde Observations from the First-Season Flights of the NOAA Gulfstream-IV Jet Aircraft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1997, the Tropical Prediction Center (TPC) began operational Gulfstream-IV jet aircraft missions to improve the numerical guidance for hurricanes threatening the continental United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. During these ...

Sim D. Aberson; James L. Franklin

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Sensitivity of Urban Airshed Model (UAM-IV) Calculated Air Pollutant Concentrations to the Vertical Diffusion Parameterization during Convective Meteorological Situations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that Urban Airshed Model (UAM-IV) calculated air pollutant concentrations during photochemical smog episodes in Atlanta, Georgia, depend strongly on the numerical parameterization of the daytime vertical diffusivity. Results found ...

Peter Nowacki; Perry J. Samson; Sanford Sillman

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Progress reports for Gen IV sodium fast reactor activities FY 2007.  

SciTech Connect

An important goal of the US DOE Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR) program is to develop the technology necessary to increase safety margins in future fast reactor systems. Although no decision has been made yet about who will build the next demonstration fast reactor, it seems likely that the construction team will include a combination of international companies, and the safety design philosophy for the reactor will reflect a consensus of the participating countries. A significant amount of experience in the design and safety analysis of Sodium Fast Reactors (SFR) using oxide fuel has been developed in both Japan and France during last few decades. In the US, the traditional approach to reactor safety is based on the principle of defense-in-depth, which is usually expressed in physical terms as multiple barriers to release of radioactive material (e.g. cladding, reactor vessel, containment building), but it is understood that the 'barriers' may consist of active systems or even procedures. As implemented in a reactor design, defense-in-depth is classed in levels of safety. Level 1 includes measures to specify and build a reliable design with significant safety margins that will perform according to the intentions of the designers. Level 2 consists of additional design measures, usually active systems, to protect against unlikely accidental events that may occur during the life of the plant. Level 3 design measures are intended to protect the public in the event of an extremely unlikely accident not foreseen to occur during the plant's life. All of the design measures that make up the first three levels of safety are within the design basis of the plant. Beyond Level 3, and beyond the normal design basis, there are accidents that are not expected to occur in a whole generation of plants, and it is in this class that severe accidents, i.e. accidents involving core melting, are included. Beyond design basis measures to address severe accidents are usually identified as being for prevention of progression into severe accident conditions (prevention of core melting) or for mitigation of severe accident consequences (mitigation of the impact of core melting to protect public health and safety). Because design measures for severe accident prevention and mitigation are beyond the normal design basis, established regulatory guidelines and codes do not provide explicit identification of the design performance requirements for severe accident accommodation. The treatment of severe accidents is one of the key issues of R&D plans for the Gen IV systems in general, and for the Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR) in particular. Despite the lack of an unambiguous definition of safety approach applicable for severe accidents, there is an emerging consensus on the need for their consideration for the design. The US SFR program and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) in particular have actively studied the potential scenarios and consequences of Hypothetical Core Disruptive Accidents (HCDA) for SFRs with oxide fuel during the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) and Clinch River Breeder Reactor Plant (CRBRP) programs in the 70s and 80s. Later, the focus of the US SFR safety R&D activities shifted to the prevention of all HCDAs through passive safety features of the SFRs with metal fuel in the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) program, and the study of severe accident consequences was de-emphasized. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview of the current SFR safety approach and the role of severe accidents in Japan and France, in preparation for an expected and more active collaboration in this area between the US, Japan, and France.

Cahalan, J. E.; Tentner, A. M.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

288

Off-center impurity in alkali halides: reorientation, electric polarization and pairing to F center. IV. Reorientational rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This last Part IV is aimed at deriving relaxation rates (times) of an off-center Li+ impurity. We follow Christov's reaction rate method to define general rate equations in terms of the exact Mathieu eigenvalues, as well as of harmonic-oscillator eigenvalues approximating for the energy spectrum near the bottom of the reorientational wells. To calculate the rate in each particular case, we derive configurational tunneling probabilities by either Mathieu eigenfunctions or by harmonic oscillator eigenfunctions. The electron-transfer probability is calculated by generalizing Landau-Zener's method. Typical examples are considered and compared with experimental relaxation times in KCl:Li+.

Baldacchini, G; Grassano, U M; Scacco, A; Petrova, P; Mladenova, M; Ivanovich, M; Georgiev, M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Estimate of the allowable dimensions of diagnosed defects in category III and IV welded pipeline joints{sup 1}  

SciTech Connect

An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.

Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Source-Term and building-Wake Consequence Modeling for the Godiva IV Reactor at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of this work were to evaluate the consequences of a postulated accident to onsite security personnel stationed near the facility during operations of the Godiva IV critical assembly and to identify controls needed to protect these personnel in case of an extreme criticality excursion equivalent to the design-basis accident (DBA). This paper presents the methodology and results of the source-term calculations, building ventilation rates, air concentrations, and consequence calculations that were performed using a multidisciplinary approach with several phenomenology models. Identification of controls needed to mitigate the consequences to near-field receptors is discussed.

Letellier, B.C.; McClure, P.; Restrepo, L.

1999-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

291

Overburden characterization and post-burn study of the Hanna IV, underground coal gasification site, Wyoming, and comparison to other Wyoming UCG sites  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of 21 post-burn cores taken from the Hanna IV UCG site allows 96 m (315 ft) of overburden to be subdivided into four local stratigraphic units. The 7.6 m (25 ft) thick Hanna No. 1 coal seam is overlain by a laterally discontinuous, 3.3 m (11 ft) thick shaley mudstone (Unit A') in part of the Hanna IV site. A more widespread, 30 m (90 ft) thick well-indurated sandstone (Unit A) overlies the A' unit. Unit A is the roof rock for both of the Hanna IV cavities. Overlying Unit A is a 33 m (108 ft) thick sequence of mudstone and claystone (Unit B), and the uppermost unit at the Hanna IV site (Unit C) is a coarse-grained sandstone that ranges in thickness from 40 to 67 m (131 to 220 ft). Two elliptical cavities were formed during the two phases of the Hanna IV experiment. The larger cavity, Hanna IVa, is 45 x 15 m in plan and has a maximum height of 18 m (59 ft) from the base of the coal seam to the top of the cavity; the Hanna IVb cavity is 40 x 15 m in plan and has a maximum height of 11 m (36 ft) from the base of the coal seam to the top of the cavity. Geotechnical tests indicated that the Hanna IV overburden rocks were moderately strong to strong, based on the empirical classification of Broch and Franklin (1972), and a positive, linear correlation exists between rock strength and volume percent calcite cement. There is an inverse linear correlation between rock strength and porosity for the Hanna IV overburden rocks. 28 refs., 34 figs., 13 tabs..

Marcouiller, B.A.; Burns, L.K.; Ethridge, F.G.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Challenges to Integration of Safety and Reliability with Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimization of a nuclear energy system's performance requires an integrated consideration of multiple design goals - sustainability, safety and reliability (S&R), proliferation resistance and physical protection (PR&PP), and economics - as well as careful evaluation of trade-offs for different system design and operating parameters. Design approaches motivated by each of the goal areas (in isolation from the other goal areas) may be mutually compatible or in conflict. However, no systematic methodology approach has yet been developed to identify and maximize synergies and optimally balance conflicts across the possible design configurations and operating modes of a nuclear energy system. Because most Generation IV systems are at an early stage of development, design, and assessment, designers and analysts are only beginning to identify synergies and conflicts between PR&PP, S&R, and economics goals. The close coupling between PR&PP and S&R goals has motivated early attention within the Generation IV International Forum to their integrated consideration to facilitate the optimization of their effects and the minimization of potential conflicts. This paper discusses the status of this work.

H. Khalil; P. F. Peterson; R. Bari; G. -L. Fiorini; T. Leahy; R. Versluis

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan for Operable Units 6-05 and 10-04, Phase IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Phase IV Remedial Design/Remedial Action Work Plan addresses the remediation of areas with the potential for UXO at the Idaho National Laboratory. These areas include portions of the Naval Proving Ground, the Arco High-Altitude Bombing Range, and the Twin Buttes Bombing Range. Five areas within the Naval Proving Ground that are known to contain UXO include the Naval Ordnance Disposal Area, the Mass Detonation Area, the Experimental Field Station, The Rail Car Explosion Area, and the Land Mine Fuze Burn Area. The Phase IV remedial action will be concentrated in these five areas. For other areas, such as the Arco High-Altitude Bombing Range and the Twin Buttes Bombing Range, ordnance has largely consisted of sand-filled practice bombs that do not pose an explosion risk. Ordnance encountered in these areas will be addressed under the Phase I Operations and Maintenance Plan that allows for the recovery and disposal of ordnance that poses an imminent risk to human health or the environment.

R. P. Wells

2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

294

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Role of Homeodomain Leucine Zipper (HD-Zip) IV Transcription Factors in Plant Development and Plant Protection from Deleterious Environmental Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Homeobox genes comprise an important group of genes that are responsible for regulation of developmental processes. These genes determine cell differentiation and cell fate in all eukaryotic organisms, starting from the early stages of embryo development. Homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factors are unique to the plant kingdom. Members of the HD-Zip IV subfamily have a complex domain topology and can bind several cis-elements with overlapping sequences. Many of the reported HD-Zip IV genes were shown to be specifically or preferentially expressed in plant epidermal or sub-epidermal cells. HD-Zip IV TFs were found to be associated with differentiation and maintenance of outer cell layers, and regulation of lipid biosynthesis and transport. Insights about the role of these proteins in plant cuticle formation, and hence their possible involvement in plant protection from pathogens and abiotic stresses has just started to emerge. These roles make HD-Zip IV proteins an attractive tool for genetic engineering of crop plants. To this end, there is a need for in-depth studies to further clarify the function of each HD-Zip IV subfamily member in commercially important plant species.

William Chew; Maria Hrmova; Sergiy Lopato

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Accuracy in Powder Diffraction IV (APD IV)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Roger Durst - 3.2 Bruker AXS, USA. ... Jonathon Wright - 7.1 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ... David L. Bish - 11.2 Indiana University, USA. ...

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

296

Recovery of plutonium from HEPA filters by Ce(IV): promoted dissolution of PuO/sub 2/ and recycle of the cerium promoter  

SciTech Connect

Studies carried out in this investigation included (1) electrolytic production of Ce(IV) from Ce(III), (2) leaching of refractory PuO/sub 2/ from HEPA filters with maintenance of Ce(IV) by anodic oxidation during leaching, and (3) evaluation of methods for contacting the HEPA solids with the leaching solution and for separating the solid residue from the leaching liquor. Anodic oxidation of Ce(III) was accomplished with an electric current efficiency of about 85% at current densities of 0.04 to 0.4 A/dm/sup 2/ at Pt anode. Refractory PuO/sub 2/ was dissolved by a 4.0 M HNO/sub 3/ - 0.1 M Ce(IV) solution in 1.5 h at 100/sup 0/C using stirred-contact leaching of the solids or by recirculating the leachant through a packed column of the solids. Cerium(IV) concentrations were maintained continuously by anodic oxidation throughout leaching. Dissolution times up to 10 h were required unless the HEPA media were oxidized initially in air at 300/sup 0/C to destroy carbonaceous species which consumed Ce(IV) more rapidly than it could be regenerated be anodic oxidation. Leaching solids in packed columns avoided the relatively difficult liquid-solids separation by centrifugation which was required after stirred-contact leaching; however, the solids handling difficulties remain. A flowsheet is proposed for the recovery of actinides from HEPA filters. A 4 M HNO/sub 3/ - 0.1 M Ce(IV) nitrate solution is used as the leachant and the Ce(III) is recycled to the leaching operation using bidentate solvent extraction.

Scheitlin, F.M.; Bond, W.D.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Qualitative Assessment of Diversion Scenarios for an Example Sodium Fast Reactor Using the GEN IV PR&PP Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FAST REACTORS;NUCLEAR ENERGY;NUCLEAR MATERIALS MANAGEMENT;PROLIFERATION;SAFEGUARDS;THEFT; A working group was created in 2002 by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) for the purpose of developing an internationally accepted methodology for assessing the Proliferation Resistance of a nuclear energy system (NES) and its individual elements. A two year case study is being performed by the experts group using this methodology to assess the proliferation resistance of a hypothetical NES called the Example Sodium Fast Reactor (ESFR). This work demonstrates how the PR and PP methodology can be used to provide important information at various levels of details to NES designers, safeguard administrators and decision makers. The study analyzes the response of the complete ESFR nuclear energy system to different proliferation and theft strategies. The challenges considered include concealed diversion, concealed misuse and 'break out' strategies. This paper describes the work done in performing a qualitative assessment of concealed diversion scenarios from the ESFR.

Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Therios, Ike

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Comparison of the Safety Analysis Process and the Generation IV Proliferation Resistance/Physical Protection Assessment Methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) is a vehicle for the cooperative international development of future nuclear energy systems. The Generation IV program has established primary objectives in the areas of sustainability, economics, safety and reliability, and Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PR&PP). In order to help meet the latter objective a program was launched in December 2002 to develop a rigorous means to assess nuclear energy systems with respect to PR&PP. The study of Physical Protection of a facility is a relatively well established methodology, but an approach to evaluate the Proliferation Resistance of a nuclear fuel cycle is not. This paper will examine the Proliferation Resistance (PR) evaluation methodology being developed by the PR group, which is largely a new approach and compare it to generally accepted nuclear facility safety evaluation methodologies. Safety evaluation methods have been the subjects of decades of development and use. Further, safety design and analysis is fairly broadly understood, as well as being the subject of federally mandated procedures and requirements. It is therefore extremely instructive to compare and contrast the proposed new PR evaluation methodology process with that used in safety analysis. By so doing, instructive and useful conclusions can be derived from the comparison that will help to strengthen the PR methodological approach as it is developed further. From the comparison made in this paper it is evident that there are very strong parallels between the two processes. Most importantly, it is clear that the proliferation resistance aspects of nuclear energy systems are best considered beginning at the very outset of the design process. Only in this way can the designer identify and cost effectively incorporate intrinsic features that might be difficult to implement at some later stage. Also, just like safety, the process to implement proliferation resistance should be a dynamic, iterative process that continually evolves with the design.

T. A. Bjornard; M. D. Zentner

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of smashed urns and jars within such structures at the siteconsists of numerous oversize jars broken on the surface orin addition to the urns and jars usually utilized (Isbell

Schwake, Sonja Andrea

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Reconstructing households : the excavation of structure 45 at Lubaantun, Toledo District, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

typically found at Lubaantun: a. Turneffe Unslipped jar; b.Turneffe Unslipped jar with striated decoration on shoulder;c. Puluacax Unslipped jar; d. Remate Red bowl; e. Remate Red

Hagerman, Kiri Louise

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8, supplment au Journal de Physique III, Volume 4, septembre 1994 C8-47  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/matrixinterface strength for a silicon-carbide-fiber-reinforced, titanium-alloy metal-matrix composite was measured.1051/jp4:1994806 #12;JOURNALDE PHYSIQUE IV relation for silicon-carbide-fiber by impacting the end of a fiber extending through a thin specimen with a diamond-tipped projectile at ~2 m

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

The Disposition of Silver Released from Soviet OBLAKO Rockets in Precipitation during the Hail Suppression Experiment Grossversuch IV. Part II: Case Studies of Seeded Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes analyses of data collected from four seeded storms during the 1978 summer program of Grossversuch IV in Switzerland. The storms all met the Soviet criteria for hail-forming potential and were seeded with Soviet-type OBLAKO ...

J. P. Lacaux; J. A. Warburton; J. Fournet-Fayard; P. Waldteufel

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A comparison of precipitation occurrence from the NCEP StageIV QPE Product and the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to its extensive quality control procedures and uniform space-time grid, the NCEP StageIV merged WSR-88D radar and surface rain gauge dataset is often considered to be the best long-term gridded dataset of precipitation observations covering ...

Mark Smalley; Tristan L’Ecuyer; Matthew Lebsock; John Haynes

304

Three-Dimensional Topological Insulators in I-III-VI2 and II-IV-V2 Chalcopyrite Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

The recent discovery of topological insulators with exotic metallic surface states has garnered great interest in the fields of condensed matter physics and materials science.1 A number of spectacular quantum phenomena have been predicted when the surface states are under the influence of magnetism and superconductivity,2 5 which could open up new opportunities for technological applications in spintronics and quantum computing. To achieve this goal, material realization of topological insulators with desired physical properties is of crucial importance. Based on first-principles calculations, here we show that a large number of ternary chalcopyrite compounds of composition I-III-VI2 and II-IV-V2 can realize the topological insulating phase in their native states. The crystal structure of chalcopyrites is derived from the frequently used zinc-blende structure, and many of them possess a close lattice match to important mainstream semiconductors, which is essential for a smooth integration into current semiconductor technology. The diverse optical, electrical and structural properties of chalcopyrite semiconductors,6 and particularly their ability to host room-temperature ferromagnetism,7 9 make them appealing candidates for novel spintronic devices.

Feng, wanxiang [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ding, Jun [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics/Chinese Academy of Scie; Xiao, Di [ORNL; Yao, yugui [Chinese Academy of Sciences

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Evaluation of EPA Region IV Standard Operating Procedures for decontamination of field equipment when sampling for volatile organic compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decontamination procedures for use at CERCLA sites where the US Environmental protection Agency (EPA) Region IV is the lead agency are specified in their Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) document. Under certain circumstances, the objectives of proper decontamination can be obtained without utilizing the full procedure as specified in the SOP. Because some treatment methods may introduce low levels of organic constituents into water (e.g., chlorination), the use of treated potable water would actually have an adverse effect on the decontamination procedure compared to the use of an untreated potable supply. Certified organic-free water, the cost of which ranges from five dollars per gallon to over sixty dollars per gallon may also be unnecessary in some cases. Distilled water samples from seven different suppliers (at a cost of less than a dollar per gallon) were analyzed for Target Compound List (TCL) volatile, organic compounds (VOCs) or benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Fifty of the samples analyzed for BTEX contained no detectable amounts of these compounds, and twenty-six of the samples analyzed for TCL VOCs contained no detectable concentration. The use of solvent rinses may cause false positives during sampling. Field experiments have shown that isopropanol may degrade to acetone under some circumstances. In many cases, particularly when sampling ground water or decontaminating drilling equipment, the elimination of this step should not adversely affect sample quality. 8 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Brice, D.A. (Westinghouse Materials Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH (USA). Feed Materials Production Center); Kelley, M.E. (Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

OLI/ESP Modeling Of The Semi-Integrated Pilot Plant For Estimate Of Campaigns I-IV Simulant Volumes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four SIPP campaigns have been planned to investigate the effect of recycle streams on the RPP-WTP pretreatment process such as the filter flux rate and other areas of interest. This document describes OLI/ESP modeling work done in support of the planning and operation of the SIPP. An existing OLI/ESP steady-state model was expanded to represent the pretreatment system through to the TLP evaporator for the LAW train and the washed sludge for the HLW train. The model was used to investigate alternative operating scenarios, determine the optimum volumetric waste feed ratio of AP-101 to AY-102, and, for each campaign, estimate the simulant and input recycle volumes corresponding to the target glass production rates of 6MT/day HLW glass and 80MT/day LAW glass and scaled to the target of 140L of Campaign I washed sludge. It was designed to quickly achieve steady state and simulation results indicate this was accomplished by Campaign IV. The alternative operating scenarios modeled differed only in the point at which the AP-101 and AY-102 waste feed streams were introduced to the process. The results showed no difference in the production rate between the scenarios. Therefore, for these specific waste feeds the process should be operated to maximize the energy efficiency and minimize scaling in the evaporator by feeding the AY-102 waste feed to the ultra-filtration feed prep tank, bypassing the waste feed evaporator.

CARL, BARNES

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices - Report from the Experts’ Workshop September 27th – 28th 2010 Clontarf Castle, Dublin Ireland  

SciTech Connect

An experts' workshop was convened in Dublin Ireland September 27th – 28th 2010 in support of IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Annex IV. PNNL was responsible for organizing the content of the workshop, overseeing the contractors (Irish Marine Institute) hosting the event, presenting material on Annex IV and materials applicable to the workshop intent. PNNL is also overseeing a contractor (Wave Energy Center/University of Plymouth – WEC/UP) in the collection and analysis of the Annex IV data. Fifty-eight experts from 8 countries attended the workshop by invitation, spending two days discussing the needs of Annex IV. Presentations by DOE (background on Annex IV), PNNL (process for developing Annex IV; presentation of the draft database for PNNL project, plans for incorporating Annex IV data), WEC/UP on the environmental effect matrix, and four MHK developers (two from the UK, one from Ireland and one from Sweden; each discussing their own projects and lessons learned for measuring and mitigating environmental effects, as well as interactions with consenting [permitting] processes) helped provide background. The workshop participants worked part of the time in the large group and most of the time in four smaller breakout groups. Participants engaged in the process and provided a wealth of examples of MHK environmental work, particularly in the European nations. They provided practical and actionable advice on the following: • Developing the Annex IV database, with specific uses and audiences • Strong consensus that we should collect detailed metadata on available data sets, rather than attempting to draw in copious datasets. The participants felt there would then be an opportunity to then ask for specific set of data as needed, with specific uses and ownership of the data specified. This is particularly important as many data collected, particularly in Europe but also in Canada, are proprietary; developers were not comfortable with the idea of handing over all their environmental effects data, but all said they would entertain the request if they specifics were clear. • The recommendation was to collect metadata via an online interactive form, taking no more than one hour to complete. • Although the idea of cases representing the “best practices” was recognized as useful, the participants pointed out that there are currently so few MHK projects in the water, that any and all projects were appropriate to highlight as “cases”. There was also discomfort at the implication that “best practices” implied “lesser practices”; this being unhelpful to a new and emerging industry. • Workshop participants were asked if they were willing to continue to engage in the Annex IV process; all expressed willingness. The workshop was successful in adequately addressing its objectives and through participation and interaction in the breakout sessions around the various topics. As a result of the workshop, many delegates are now better informed and have a greater understanding of the potential environmental effects of MHK devices on the marine environment. There is now a greater sense of understanding of the issues involved and consensus by those regulators, developers and scientists who attended the workshop. A strong network has also been built over the two days between European and US/Canadian technical experts in wave and tidal energy.

Copping, Andrea E.; O'Toole, Michael J.

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

308

ALUMINA & BAUXITE TECHNOLOGY: IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RECOVERING ALUMINA, SILICA AND BYPRODUCTS FROM COAL ASH THROUGH ... The large volume of coal combustion wastes cause a problem of great ...

309

Cost Affordable Titanium IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... Enhancing the Cost Effectiveness of High Performance Titanium Alloy Component Production by Powder Metallurgy · Evolution of Texture in ...

310

LABORATORY IV ELECTRIC CIRCUITS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

familiar electric curren ts are inside materials such as wires or light bulbs. Even though the interactions your track lighting uses. You decide to build models of circuits with two bulbs connected across, bulbs, and batteries. Use the accompanying legend to build the circuits. Legend: light bulb ba

Minnesota, University of

311

Ultrafine Grained Materials IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 1, 2006 ... Print Book and CD-ROM: Advances in Superplasticity and Superplastic Forming 2004. Print Book: Ultrafine Grained Materials III. Print Book: ...

312

Aluminum Cast Shop IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... The energy released from one kilogram of molten aluminium reacted with oxygen is equivalent to detonating 3 kilograms of trinitrotoluene ...

313

Green Manufacturing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Session Chair: Peter Dent, Electron Energy Corporation; Junichi .... Aldabsheh1; Hubert Rahier3; Jan Wastiels3; 1University of Jordan; 23.

314

Friction Stir Welding IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... TMS has recently partnered with Wiley for the publication of proceedings, texts, and references. This title is now available directly through the ...

315

Designing for Impact IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory ... Click here for hotel reservations or call 303-443 ... are a number of other hotels in the ...

316

Classical QGP : IV. Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the equation of a state of the classical QGP valid for all values of Gamma=V/K, the ratio of the mean Coulomb to kinetic energy. By enforcing the Gibbs relations, we derive the pertinent pressure and entropy densities for all Gamma. For the case of an SU(2) classical gluonic plasma our results compare well with lattice simulations. We show that the strongly coupled component of the classical QGP contributes significantly to the bulk thermodynamics across T_c.

Sungtae Cho; Ismail Zahed

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

317

Megatrends in Manufacturing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many analysis techniques are now available that allow for different trade-offs in ... make anything if the funds are unlimited," but this is not a practical scenario.

318

Steelmaking and Casting IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 31, 2013 ... Session Chair: Emmanuel De Moor, Colorado School of Mines ... investigated at 1300°C and 1400°C using iron crucibles and argon gas. ... oxide inclusions rapid profiling and blast furnacethe analysis of the requirements, ...

319

MATERIALS PROCESSING FUNDAMENTALS: IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Session Chairpersons: P.R. Taylor, University of Idaho, Dept. of Metallurgical & Mining Engineering, Moscow, ID 83844-3024; J.R. Groza, Chemical Engineering

320

Structural Materials IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Program Organizers: Ramprashad Prabhakaran, Idaho National Laboratory; Dennis Keiser, Idaho National Laboratory; Raul Rebak, GE Global Research

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321

Contents iv CCOONNTTEENNTTSS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gasifier 158 7.2.5. Discussion 161 8. CONCLUSIONS 162 NOMENCLATURE 164 REFERENCES 170 APPENDICES A. ACSL 206 D. Coal Gasifier Control: A Process Engineering Approach 208 #12;

Skogestad, Sigurd

322

Characterization of the nitrate complexes of Pu(IV) using absorption spectroscopy, {sup 15}N NMR, and EXAFS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nitrate complexes of Pu(IV) are studied in solutions containing nitrate up to 13 molar (M). Three major nitrato complexes are observed and identified using absorption spectroscopy, {sup 15}N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) as Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}{sup 2+}, Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 4}, and Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 6}{sup 2{minus}}. The possibility that Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 1}{sup 3+}, Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{sup 1+} and Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 5}{sup 1{minus}} are major species in solution is not consistent with these results and an upper limit of 0.10 can be set on the fraction for each of these three nitrate complexes in nitrate containing solutions. Fraction of the three major species in nitric acid over the 1--13 M range were calculated from absorption spectra data. The fraction of Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 6}{sup 2{minus}} as a function of nitric acid concentration is in good agreement with the literature, whereas the fraction of Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}{sup 2+} and Pu(NO{sub 3}){sub 4} species differ from previous studies. We have modeled the chemical equilibria up to moderate ionic strength ( < 6 molal) using the specific ion interaction theory (SM. Comparison of our experimental observations to literature stability constants that assume the presence of mononitrate species is poor. Stability constant at zero ionic strength for the dinitrato complex is determined to be log({beta}{sub 2}{sup 0})=3.77 {plus_minus} 0.14 (2{sigma}).

Veirs, D.K.; Smith, C.A.; Zwick, B.D.; Marsh, S.F.; Conradson, S.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Space Storm Measurements of 17 and 21 April 2002 Forbush Effects from Artemis-IV Solar Radio-Spectrograph, Athens Neutron Monitor Station and Coronas-F Satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report we present two complex eruptive solar events and the associated Cosmic Ray effects (Forbush decrease). We use combined recordings from a number of Earthbound Receivers, Space Experiments and data archives (such as the ARTEMIS-IV Radio spectrograph, the Athens NEUTRON MONITOR, the LASCO CME Lists, the SONG of the {CORONAS-F} satellite, etc.). The influence of solar transients on the interplanetary medium conditions and the cosmic ray flux is analysed and discussed. The observed time sequence of events of this time period indicates that the initiation of CMEs is closely related to the appearance of type II and IV radio bursts and strong solar flares. Their effects extend from the lower corona to the near Earth vicinity affecting Cosmic Ray measurements and space weather. As regards the Forbush decrease our data indicate significant amplification at the presence of a MHD shock.

Caroubalos, C; Preka-Papadema, P; Hillaris, A; Polygiannakis, I; Mavromichalaki, H; Sarlanis, C; Souvatzoglou, G; Gerontidou, M; Plainaki, C; Tatsis, S; Kuznetsov, S N; Myagkova, I N; Kudela, K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking Tracking the Sun IV Tracking the Sun IV An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010 Galen Barbose, Naïm Darghouth, Ryan Wiser, and Joachim Seel g y Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Report Summary - p y September 2011 Environmental Energy Technologies Division * Energy Analysis Department Thanks to the U.S. DOE's Solar Energy Technologies Program and the Clean Energy States Alliance for supporting this work Project Overview Objective: Using project-level data, evaluate trends in the installed cost of grid-connected PV systems throughout the United States: g y g * Changes in total system installed cost and component-level costs over time * Variation in total installed cost by system size

325

Relativistic many-body calculation of energies, oscillator strengths, transition rates, lifetimes, polarizabilities, and quadrupole moment of Fr-like Th IV ion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic properties of the 24 low-lying ns, np, nd, nf, and ng states in Th IV ion are calculated using the high-precision relativistic all-order method where all single, double, and partial triple excitations of the Dirac-Fock wave functions are included to all orders of perturbation theory. Recommended values are provided for a large number of electric-dipole matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes. Scalar polarizabilities of the ground and six excited states (5f_j, 6d_j, 7p_j, and 7s), and tensor polarizabilities of the 5f_j, 6d_j, 7p_{3/2} states of Th IV are evaluated. The uncertainties of the recommended values are estimated. These calculations provide recommended values critically evaluated for their accuracy for a number of Th IV atomic properties for use in theoretical modeling as well as planning and analysis of various experiments including development of ultra precise nuclear clock and RESIS studies of actinide ions

M. S. Safronova; U. I. Safronova

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

Relativistic many-body calculation of energies, oscillator strengths, transition rates, lifetimes, polarizabilities, and quadrupole moment of Fr-like Th IV ion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atomic properties of the 24 low-lying ns, np, nd, nf, and ng states in Th IV ion are calculated using the high-precision relativistic all-order method where all single, double, and partial triple excitations of the Dirac-Fock wave functions are included to all orders of perturbation theory. Recommended values are provided for a large number of electric-dipole matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates, and lifetimes. Scalar polarizabilities of the ground and six excited states (5f_j, 6d_j, 7p_j, and 7s), and tensor polarizabilities of the 5f_j, 6d_j, 7p_{3/2} states of Th IV are evaluated. The uncertainties of the recommended values are estimated. These calculations provide recommended values critically evaluated for their accuracy for a number of Th IV atomic properties for use in theoretical modeling as well as planning and analysis of various experiments including development of ultra precise nuclear clock and RESIS studies of actinide ions

Safronova, M S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Natural Organic Matter (NOM) in Aquatic Systems: Interactions with Radionuclides (234Th (IV), 129 I) and Biofilms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of laboratory and field investigations were carried out to elucidate the importance of natural organic matter in aquatic systems, i.e., trace element scavenging (e.g., 234Th) by exopolymeric substances (EPS), formation of biofilms, as well as interactions with 129I. A method involving cross flow ultrafiltration, followed by a three-step cartridge soaking and stirred-cell diafiltration, was developed for isolating EPS from phytoplankton cultures, especially in seawater media. EPS isolated from a marine diatom, Amphora sp. was then subjected to semi-quantitative (e.g., carbohydrate, proteins) and quantitative analysis (e.g., neutral sugars, acidic sugars, sulfate). It appeared that Th (IV) binding by EPS was dominated by the acidic polysaccharides of fraction. For EPS of biofilms collected from polluted streams, hydrophobic proteins were the most abundant components in EPS, followed by more hydrophilic carbohydrates. However, chemical composition of carbohydrates or proteins, i.e., monosaccharides and amino acids, respectively, varied with environmental conditions and substrata applied, which suggests that the formation of biofilms on different substrates is regulated by specific properties of microorganisms, environmental conditions and nature of substratum. No correlation between relative hydrophobicity of substratum and development of biofilm was found in this study. A sensitive and rapid GC-MS method was developed to enable the determination of isotopic ratios (129I/127I) of speciated iodine in natural waters. At the F-area of the Savannah River Site (SRS), iodine species in the groundwater consisted of 48.8 percent iodide, 27.3 percent iodate and 23.9 percent organo-iodine. Each of these iodine species exhibited vastly different transport behavior in the column experiments using surface soil from the SRS. Results demonstrated that mobility of iodine species depended greatly on the iodine concentration, mostly due to the limited sorptive capacity for anions of the soil. EPS, especially enzymes (e.g., haloperoxidases) could facilitate the incorporation of iodide to natural organic carbon. At high input concentrations of iodate (78.7 ?M), iodate was found to be completely reduced and subsequently followed the transport behavior of iodide. The marked reduction of iodate was probably associated with natural organic carbon and facilitated by bacteria, besides inorganic reductants (e.g., Fe2 ) in sediments and pore water.

Zhang, Saijin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Reaction of U-VI with titanium-substituted magnetite: Influence of Ti on U-IV speciation  

SciTech Connect

Reduction of hexavalent uranium (UVI) to less soluble tetravalent uranium (UIV) through enzymatic or abiotic redox reactions has the potential to alter U mobility in subsurface environments. As a ubiquitous natural mineral, magnetite (Fe3O4) is of interest because of its ability to act as a rechargeable reductant for UVI. Natural magnetites are often impure with titanium, and structural Fe3+ replacement by TiIV yields a proportional increase in the relative Fe2+ content in the metal sublattice to maintain bulk charge neutrality. In the absence of oxidation, the Ti content sets the initial bulk Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio (R). Here, we demonstrate that Ti-doped magnetites (Fe3 xTixO4) reduce UVI to UIV. The UVI-Fe2+ redox reactivity was found to be controlled directly by R, but was otherwise independent of Ti content (xTi). However, in contrast to previous studies with pure magnetite where UVI was reduced to nanocrystalline uraninite (UO2), the presence of structural Ti (xTi = 0.25 0.53) results in the formation of UIV species that lack the bidentate U-O2-U bridges of uraninite. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic analysis indicated that the titanomagnetite-bound UIV phase has a novel UIV-Ti binding geometry, different from the coordination of UIV in the mineral brannerite (UIVTi2O6). The observed UIV-Ti coordination at a distance of 3.43 Å suggests a binuclear corner-sharing adsorption/incorporation UIV complex with the solid phase. Furthermore, we explored the effect of oxidation (decreasing R) and solids-to-solution ratio on the reduced UIV phase. The formation of the non-uraninite UIV-Ti phase appears to be controlled by availability of surface Ti sites, rather than R. Our work highlights a previously unrecognized role of Ti in the environmental chemistry of UIV and suggests that further work to characterize the long-term stability of UIV phases formed in the presence of Ti is warranted.

Latta, Drew; Pearce, Carolyn I.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Kemner, Kenneth M.; Boyanov, Maxim I.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

SMALL-SCALE TESTING OF PLUTONIUM (IV) OXALATE PRECIPITATION AND CALCINATION TO PLUTONIUM OXIDE TO SUPPORT THE MOX FEED MISSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, SRNL conducted a series of experiments to produce calcined plutonium (Pu) oxide and measure the physical properties and water adsorption of that material. This data will help define the process operating conditions and material handling steps for HB-Line. An anion exchange column experiment produced 1.4 L of a purified 52.6 g/L Pu solution. Over the next nine weeks, seven Pu(IV) oxalate precipitations were performed using the same stock Pu solution, with precipitator feed acidities ranging from 0.77 M to 3.0 M nitric acid and digestion times ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Analysis of precipitator filtrate solutions showed Pu losses below 1% for all precipitations. The four larger precipitation batches matched the target oxalic acid addition time of 44 minutes within 4 minutes. The three smaller precipitation batches focused on evaluation of digestion time and the oxalic acid addition step ranged from 25-34 minutes because of pump limitations in the low flow range. Following the precipitations, 22 calcinations were performed in the range of 610-690 C, with the largest number of samples calcined at either 650 or 635 C. Characterization of the resulting PuO{sub 2} batches showed specific surface areas in the range of 5-14 m{sup 2}/g, with 16 of the 22 samples in the range of 5-10 m2/g. For samples analyzed with typical handling (exposed to ambient air for 15-45 minutes with relative humidities of 20-55%), the moisture content as measured by Mass Spectrometry ranged from 0.15 to 0.45 wt % and the total mass loss at 1000 C, as measured by TGA, ranged from 0.21 to 0.58 wt %. For the samples calcined between 635 and 650 C, the moisture content without extended exposure ranged from 0.20 to 0.38 wt %, and the TGA mass loss ranged from 0.26 to 0.46 wt %. Of these latter samples, the samples calcined at 650 C generally had lower specific surface areas and lower moisture contents than the samples calcined at 635 C, which matches expectations from the literature. Taken together, the TGA-MS results for samples handled at nominally 20-50% RH, without extended exposure, indicate that the Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation process followed by calcination at 635-650 C appears capable of producing PuO{sub 2} with moisture content < 0.5 wt% as required by the 3013 Standard. Exposures of PuO{sub 2} samples to ambient air for 3 or more hours generally showed modest mass gains that were primarily gains in moisture content. These results point to the need for a better understanding of the moisture absorption of PuO{sub 2} and serve as a warning that extended exposure times, particularly above the 50% RH level observed in this study will make the production of PuO{sub 2} with less than 0.5 wt % moisture more challenging. Samples analyzed in this study generally contained approximately 2 monolayer equivalents of moisture. In this study, the bulk of the moisture released from samples below 300 C, as did a significant portion of the CO{sub 2}. Samples in this study consistently released a minor amount of NO in the 40-300 C range, but no samples released CO or SO{sub 2}. TGA-MS results also showed that MS moisture content accounted for 80 {+-} 8% of the total mass loss at 1000 C measured by the TGA. The PuO{sub 2} samples produced had particles sizes that typically ranged from 0.2-88 {micro}m, with the mean particle size ranging from 6.4-9.3 {micro}m. The carbon content of ten different calcination batches ranged from 190-480 {micro}g C/g Pu, with an average value of 290 {micro}g C/g Pu. A statistical review of the calcination conditions and resulting SSA values showed that in both cases tested, calcination temperature had a significant effect on SSA, as expected from literature data. The statistical review also showed that batch size had a significant effect on SSA, but the narrow range of batch sizes tested is a compelling reason to set aside that result until tests

Crowder, M.; Pierce, R.; Scogin, J.; Daniel, G.; King, W.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

330

SMALL-SCALE TESTING OF PLUTONIUM (IV) OXALATE PRECIPITATION AND CALCINATION TO PLUTONIUM OXIDE TO SUPPORT THE MOX FEED MISSION  

SciTech Connect

The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, SRNL conducted a series of experiments to produce calcined plutonium (Pu) oxide and measure the physical properties and water adsorption of that material. This data will help define the process operating conditions and material handling steps for HB-Line. An anion exchange column experiment produced 1.4 L of a purified 52.6 g/L Pu solution. Over the next nine weeks, seven Pu(IV) oxalate precipitations were performed using the same stock Pu solution, with precipitator feed acidities ranging from 0.77 M to 3.0 M nitric acid and digestion times ranging from 5 to 30 minutes. Analysis of precipitator filtrate solutions showed Pu losses below 1% for all precipitations. The four larger precipitation batches matched the target oxalic acid addition time of 44 minutes within 4 minutes. The three smaller precipitation batches focused on evaluation of digestion time and the oxalic acid addition step ranged from 25-34 minutes because of pump limitations in the low flow range. Following the precipitations, 22 calcinations were performed in the range of 610-690 C, with the largest number of samples calcined at either 650 or 635 C. Characterization of the resulting PuO{sub 2} batches showed specific surface areas in the range of 5-14 m{sup 2}/g, with 16 of the 22 samples in the range of 5-10 m2/g. For samples analyzed with typical handling (exposed to ambient air for 15-45 minutes with relative humidities of 20-55%), the moisture content as measured by Mass Spectrometry ranged from 0.15 to 0.45 wt % and the total mass loss at 1000 C, as measured by TGA, ranged from 0.21 to 0.58 wt %. For the samples calcined between 635 and 650 C, the moisture content without extended exposure ranged from 0.20 to 0.38 wt %, and the TGA mass loss ranged from 0.26 to 0.46 wt %. Of these latter samples, the samples calcined at 650 C generally had lower specific surface areas and lower moisture contents than the samples calcined at 635 C, which matches expectations from the literature. Taken together, the TGA-MS results for samples handled at nominally 20-50% RH, without extended exposure, indicate that the Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation process followed by calcination at 635-650 C appears capable of producing PuO{sub 2} with moisture content < 0.5 wt% as required by the 3013 Standard. Exposures of PuO{sub 2} samples to ambient air for 3 or more hours generally showed modest mass gains that were primarily gains in moisture content. These results point to the need for a better understanding of the moisture absorption of PuO{sub 2} and serve as a warning that extended exposure times, particularly above the 50% RH level observed in this study will make the production of PuO{sub 2} with less than 0.5 wt % moisture more challenging. Samples analyzed in this study generally contained approximately 2 monolayer equivalents of moisture. In this study, the bulk of the moisture released from samples below 300 C, as did a significant portion of the CO{sub 2}. Samples in this study consistently released a minor amount of NO in the 40-300 C range, but no samples released CO or SO{sub 2}. TGA-MS results also showed that MS moisture content accounted for 80 {+-} 8% of the total mass loss at 1000 C measured by the TGA. The PuO{sub 2} samples produced had particles sizes that typically ranged from 0.2-88 {micro}m, with the mean particle size ranging from 6.4-9.3 {micro}m. The carbon content of ten different calcination batches ranged from 190-480 {micro}g C/g Pu, with an average value of 290 {micro}g C/g Pu. A statistical review of the calcination conditions and resulting SSA values showed that in both cases tested, calcination temperature had a significant effect on SSA, as expected from literature data. The statistical review also showed that batch size had a significant effect on SSA, but the narrow range of batch sizes tested is a compelling reason to set aside that result until tests

Crowder, M.; Pierce, R.; Scogin, J.; Daniel, G.; King, W.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

331

Hydrogen storage material and related processes  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein is a composition comprising a complex hydride and a borohydride catalyst wherein the borohydride catalyst comprises a BH.sub.4 group, and a group IV metal, a group V metal, or a combination of a group IV and a group V metal. Also disclosed herein are methods of making the composition.

Soloveichik, Grigorii Lev (Latham, NY); Andrus, Matthew John (Cape Canaveral, FL)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

332

Biodiversity and connectivity in peripheral populations of corals of the South and Eastern Atlantic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fortaleza Belize Panama Puerto Rico Bermuda São Tomé b-Panamá, Belize and Puerto Rico) and the North Atlantic (Belize, Panamá and Puerto Rico), one site in the North

Nunes, Flávia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Examination of utility Phase 1 compliance choices and state reactions to Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

SciTech Connect

Title IV (acid rain) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 is imposing new limitations on the emission of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and nitrogen oxides (N{sub x}) from electric power plants. The act requires utilities to develop compliance plans to reduce these emissions, and indications are that these plans will dramatically alter traditional operating procedures. A key provision of the SO{sub 2} control program deaned in Title IV is the creation of a system of emission allowances, with utilities having the option of complying by adjusting system emissions and allowance holdings. A compilation of SO{sub 2} compliance activities by the 110 utility plants affected by Phase I is summarized in this report. These compliance plans are presented in a tabular form, correlated with age, capacity, and power pool data. A large number of the Phase I units (46%) have chosen to blend or switch to lower sulfur coals. This choice primarily is in response to (1) prices of low-sulfur coal and (2) the need to maintain SO{sub 2} control flexibility because of uncertain future environmental regulations (e.g., air toxics, carbon dioxide) and compliance prices. The report also discusses the responses of state legislatures and public utility commissions to the compliance requirements in Title IV. Most states have taken negligible action regarding the regulatory treatment of allowances and compliance activities. To protect mine employment, states producing high-sulfur coal have enacted regulations encouraging continued use of that coal, but for the most part, this response has had little effect on utility compliance choices.

Bailey, K.A.; Elliott, T.J.; Carlson, L.J.; South, D.W.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Impact of Consolidation Radiation Therapy in Stage III-IV Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma With Negative Post-Chemotherapy Radiologic Imaging  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: While consolidation radiation therapy (i.e., RT administered after chemotherapy) is routine treatment for patients with early-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the role of consolidation RT in stage III-IV DLBCL is controversial. Methods and Materials: Cases of patients with stage III-IV DLBCL treated from 1991 to 2009 at Duke University, who achieved a complete response to chemotherapy were reviewed. Clinical outcomes were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and were compared between patients who did and did not receive RT, using the log-rank test. A multivariate analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Seventy-nine patients were identified. Chemotherapy (median, 6 cycles) consisted of anti-CD20 antibody rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP; 65%); cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP; 22%); or other (13%). Post-chemotherapy imaging consisted of positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) (73%); gallium with CT (14%); or CT only (13%). Consolidation RT (median, 25 Gy) was given to involved sites of disease in 38 (48%) patients. Receipt of consolidation RT was associated with improved in-field control (92% vs. 69%, respectively, p = 0.028) and event-free survival (85% vs. 65%, respectively, p = 0.014) but no difference in overall survival (85% vs. 78%, respectively, p = 0.15) when compared to patients who did not receive consolidation RT. On multivariate analysis, no RT was predictive of increased risk of in-field failure (hazard ratio [HR], 8.01, p = 0.014) and worse event-free survival (HR, 4.3, p = 0.014). Conclusions: Patients with stage III-IV DLBCL who achieve negative post-chemotherapy imaging have improved in-field control and event-free survival with low-dose consolidation RT.

Dorth, Jennifer A., E-mail: jennifer.dorth@duke.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Prosnitz, Leonard R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Broadwater, Gloria [Cancer Statistical Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Cancer Statistical Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Diehl, Louis F.; Beaven, Anne W. [Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Coleman, R. Edward [Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Kelsey, Chris R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

DOE-HDBK-1122-99 Radiological Control Technical Training, Facility Practical Training Attachment Phase IV, Part 9 0f 9  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiological Control Technician Training Facility Practical Training Attachment Phase IV Coordinated and Conducted for Office of Environment, Safety & Health U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-99 ii This page intentionally left blank DOE-HDBK-1122-99 iii Course Developers William Egbert Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Dave Lent Coleman Research Michael McNaughton Los Alamos National Laboratory Bobby Oliver Lockheed Martin Energy Systems Richard Cooke Argonne National Laboratory Brian Thomson Sandia National Laboratory Michael McGough Westinghouse Savannah River Company Brian Killand Fluor Daniel Hanford Corporation Course Reviewers Technical Standards Managers U.S. Department of Energy

336

LAB-SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF PLUTONIUM PURIFICATION BY ANION EXCHANGE, PLUTONIUM (IV) OXALATE PRECIPITATION, AND CALCINATION TO PLUTONIUM OXIDE TO SUPPORT THE MOX FEED MISSION  

SciTech Connect

H-Canyon and HB-Line are tasked with the production of PuO{sub 2} from a feed of plutonium metal. The PuO{sub 2} will provide feed material for the MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility. After dissolution of the Pu metal in H-Canyon, the solution will be transferred to HB-Line for purification by anion exchange. Subsequent unit operations include Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation, filtration and calcination to form PuO{sub 2}. This report details the results from SRNL anion exchange, precipitation, filtration, calcination, and characterization tests, as requested by HB-Line1 and described in the task plan. This study involved an 80-g batch of Pu and employed test conditions prototypical of HB-Line conditions, wherever feasible. In addition, this study integrated lessons learned from earlier anion exchange and precipitation and calcination studies. H-Area Engineering selected direct strike Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation to produce a more dense PuO{sub 2} product than expected from Pu(III) oxalate precipitation. One benefit of the Pu(IV) approach is that it eliminates the need for reduction by ascorbic acid. The proposed HB-Line precipitation process involves a digestion time of 5 minutes after the time (44 min) required for oxalic acid addition. These were the conditions during HB-line production of neptunium oxide (NpO{sub 2}). In addition, a series of small Pu(IV) oxalate precipitation tests with different digestion times were conducted to better understand the effect of digestion time on particle size, filtration efficiency and other factors. To test the recommended process conditions, researchers performed two nearly-identical larger-scale precipitation and calcination tests. The calcined batches of PuO{sub 2} were characterized for density, specific surface area (SSA), particle size, moisture content, and impurities. Because the 3013 Standard requires that the calcination (or stabilization) process eliminate organics, characterization of PuO{sub 2} batches monitored the presence of oxalate by thermogravimetric analysis-mass spectrometry (TGA-MS). To use the TGA-MS for carbon or oxalate content, some method development will be required. However, the TGA-MS is already used for moisture measurements. Therefore, SRNL initiated method development for the TGA-MS to allow quantification of oxalate or total carbon. That work continues at this time and is not yet ready for use in this study. However, the collected test data can be reviewed later as those analysis tools are available.

Crowder, M.; Pierce, R.

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

337

Analysis of supercritical CO{sub 2} cycle control strategies and dynamic response for Generation IV Reactors.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of specific control strategies and dynamic behavior of the supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO{sub 2}) Brayton cycle has been extended to the two reactor types selected for continued development under the Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative; namely, the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) and the Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor (SFR). Direct application of the standard S-CO{sub 2} recompression cycle to the VHTR was found to be challenging because of the mismatch in the temperature drop of the He gaseous reactor coolant through the He-to-CO{sub 2} reactor heat exchanger (RHX) versus the temperature rise of the CO{sub 2} through the RHX. The reference VHTR features a large temperature drop of 450 C between the assumed core outlet and inlet temperatures of 850 and 400 C, respectively. This large temperature difference is an essential feature of the VHTR enabling a lower He flow rate reducing the required core velocities and pressure drop. In contrast, the standard recompression S-CO{sub 2} cycle wants to operate with a temperature rise through the RHX of about 150 C reflecting the temperature drop as the CO{sub 2} expands from 20 MPa to 7.4 MPa in the turbine and the fact that the cycle is highly recuperated such that the CO{sub 2} entering the RHX is effectively preheated. Because of this mismatch, direct application of the standard recompression cycle results in a relatively poor cycle efficiency of 44.9%. However, two approaches have been identified by which the S-CO{sub 2} cycle can be successfully adapted to the VHTR and the benefits of the S-CO{sub 2} cycle, especially a significant gain in cycle efficiency, can be realized. The first approach involves the use of three separate cascaded S-CO{sub 2} cycles. Each S-CO{sub 2} cycle is coupled to the VHTR through its own He-to-CO{sub 2} RHX in which the He temperature is reduced by 150 C. The three respective cycles have efficiencies of 54, 50, and 44%, respectively, resulting in a net cycle efficiency of 49.3 %. The other approach involves reducing the minimum cycle pressure significantly below the critical pressure such that the temperature drop in the turbine is increased while the minimum cycle temperature is maintained above the critical temperature to prevent the formation of a liquid phase. The latter approach also involves the addition of a precooler and a third compressor before the main compressor to retain the benefits of compression near the critical point with the main compressor. For a minimum cycle pressure of 1 MPa, a cycle efficiency of 49.5% is achieved. Either approach opens up the door to applying the SCO{sub 2} cycle to the VHTR. In contrast, the SFR system typically has a core outlet-inlet temperature difference of about 150 C such that the standard recompression cycle is ideally suited for direct application to the SFR. The ANL Plant Dynamics Code has been modified for application to the VHTR and SFR when the reactor side dynamic behavior is calculated with another system level computer code such as SAS4A/SYSSYS-1 in the SFR case. The key modification involves modeling heat exchange in the RHX, accepting time dependent tabular input from the reactor code, and generating time dependent tabular input to the reactor code such that both the reactor and S-CO{sub 2} cycle sides can be calculated in a convergent iterative scheme. This approach retains the modeling benefits provided by the detailed reactor system level code and can be applied to any reactor system type incorporating a S-CO{sub 2} cycle. This approach was applied to the particular calculation of a scram scenario for a SFR in which the main and intermediate sodium pumps are not tripped and the generator is not disconnected from the electrical grid in order to enhance heat removal from the reactor system thereby enhancing the cooldown rate of the Na-to-CO{sub 2} RHX. The reactor side is calculated with SAS4A/SASSYS-1 while the S-CO{sub 2} cycle is calculated with the Plant Dynamics Code with a number of iterations over a timescale of 500 seconds. It is found that the RHX u

Moisseytsev, A.; Sienicki, J. J. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

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4 4 Table 4. Expenditures for Purchased Energy 1998, 2002, and 2006 (million constant 2000 U.S. dollars 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 3 5,601 6,241 5,806 Electricity 1,580 1,971 1,537 Natural Gas 1,287 1,659 2,037 Coal 971 994 1,010 Residual Fuel 60 3 75 Coke and Breeze 1,584 1,462 999 Notes: 1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. 'Total' is the sum of all of the listed energy sources, including wood waste, hydrogen, and waste oils and tars.

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f f Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4f. Industrial Production Indexes by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (2000 = 100) Source: The Federal Reserve System, http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g17/ipdisk/ip_sa.txt February 2006 and December 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 97.3 102.6 107.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 109.0 90.0 99.4 313 Textile Mills 108.1 88.5 71.9 314 Textile Product Mills 93.0 88.1 88.6 315 Apparel Manufacturing 109.7 71.9 50.8 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 108.0 62.2 62.7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 97.4 96.5 106.1 322 Paper Manufacturing 101.4 95.3 92.7 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 98.4 88.5 88.2 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing

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Table 4a Table 4a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4a. Value of Shipments 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars ) Notes: 1. Received or receivable net selling values (exclusive of freight and taxes) of all primary and secondary products shipped, as well as all miscellaneous receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and resold without further processing. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," Sept 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 448 472 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

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341

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a a Table 7a. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption per Value Of Production 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 4 2006 4 Total NA 19,716 12,179 Electricity NA 3,839 2,846 Natural Gas NA 8,052 5,301 Coal NA 747 228 Residual Fuel NA 21 309 Coke and Breeze NA 6,496 3,025 Notes: 1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. 1998 data unavailable due to disclosure avoidance procedures in place at the time.

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a a Released Date: May 2006 Page Last Modified: April 2010 Table 3a. Value of Shipments 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: The value received for the complete systems at the company's net billing price, freight-on-board factory, including charges for cooperative advertising and warranties. This does not include excise taxes, freight or transportation charges, or installation charges. Source: U.S. Department of CoSources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2000 and 2006 (Sept 2009), Table 2. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 428 460 537 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 102 106 124 313

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b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,116 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 104 109 313 Textile Mills 254 205 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 504 375 445 322 Paper 2,744 2,361 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,622 3,202 3,396 325 Chemicals 3,704 3,769 3,195 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 348 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 969 1,052 1,105 331 Primary Metals

344

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1065B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B B Title: Remanufacture, Transport, and Install BHTX-29 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to remanufacture (repair), transport, install, test, and pre-commission the BHTX- 29 transformer. Work will be performed at the subcontractor's off-site facility. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-29 transformer from the off-site location to the Big Hill site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has

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b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5b. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Petroleum Industry (NAICS 324), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross outputs. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2004. (DOE/EIA-0384(2004) Table 5.8 Refinery Input and Output, 1949-2004; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004, and 2009, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry" Dec 2005 and

346

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1065A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Title: Transport and Perform TD&I on BHTX-29 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, lifting and transportation services required to transport the BHTX-29 transformer to an offsite facility to perform tear down and inspection (TD&I) and testing. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-29 transformer from the Big Hill site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

347

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8a 8a Table 8a. Expenditures for Purchased Energy per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 US cents per dollar) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 10.7 13.0 9.4 Electricity 3.0 4.1 2.5 Natural Gas 2.5 3.4 3.3 Coal 1.9 2.1 1.6 Residual Fuel 0.1 0.0 0.1 Coke and Breeze 3.0 3.0 1.6 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. Denominators represent the value of production for the entire iron and still mills (NAICS 331111), not those based mainly on

348

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

f f Released Date: May 2006 Page Last Modified: April 2010 Table 5f. Economic Indicators 1 for the Metalcasting Industry (NAICS 3315), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Physical indicators are not available. 2.Deflated using BEA's price indices for value of shipments for primary metal (NAICS 331). 3 Deflated using BEA's price indices for value added for primary metal (NAICS 331). Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004 and 2006; Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009. MECS Survey Years Indicators 1998 2002 2006 Nominal Economic Indicator (Current Billion Dollars) Value of Shipments

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 1,672 1,455 1,147 Net Electricity 3 158 184 175 Natural Gas 456 388 326 Coal 48 36 14 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 8 W 1 Residual Fuel Oil 10 * 4 Natural Gas 52 39 27 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 74 79 76 Residual Fuel Oil 19 * 11 Natural Gas 369 329 272 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 68 86 77 Notes 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. 'Total' is the sum of all energy sources listed below, including net steam (the sum of

350

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

, 2002, and 2006 > , 2002, and 2006 > Table 6a Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 6a. End Uses of Fuel Consumption per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (thousand Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 32.0 30.2 18.7 Net Electricity 5 3.0 3.8 2.8 Natural Gas 8.7 8.1 5.3 Coal 0.9 0.7 0.2 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 0.2 W 0.02 Residual Fuel Oil 0.2 * 0.1 Natural Gas 1.0 0.8 0.4 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 1.4 1.6 1.2 Residual Fuel Oil 0.4 * 0.2 Natural Gas 7.1 6.8 4.4 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 1.3 1.8 1.3 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments.

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 2b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Primary 1 Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Note: The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 Btu/KWh, 10,173 Btu/KWh, and 9,919 Btu/KWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. and Monthly Energy Review November 2005, and September 2009 DOE/EIA-0035(2005, 2009),Table A6. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,468 1,572 1,665 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 156 156 166 313 Textile Mills 457 375 304 314 Textile Product Mills 85 94 110 315 Apparel 84 54 27 316 Leather and Allied Products 14

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4e. Gross Output 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Gross output of an industry is the market value of the goods and services produced by an industry, including commodity taxes. The components of gross output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of the industry's labor and capital to its gross output). 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross output. Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009. MECS Survey Years

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4c 4c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Capacity adjusted value of production (t) is defined as [capacity utilization rate (average 1972-2004) / capacity utilization rate (t)] x [value of production (t)], where t = year. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. Sources:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2003," December 2005 and U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Industry Statistics 2001 and 2004; the Federal Reserve

354

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5a 5a Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 5a. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (1000 Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 30 27 17 Net Electricity 5 3 4 3 Natural Gas 9 9 6 Coal 13 10 6 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. Denominators represent the value of production for the entire iron and still mills (NAICS 331111), not those based

355

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4b 4b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4b. Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars ) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 431 447 473 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 122 96 109 313 Textile Mills 56 46 37 314 Textile Product Mills 31 30 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 43 30 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 10 6 6 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 92 89 100 322 Paper Manufacturing 168 155 153 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 103 93 93 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 224 244 266 325 Chemical Manufacturing 442 450 513 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 168 170 176 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 97 93 103 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 165 145 163 332

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 3. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185 175 Natural Gas NA 388 326 Coal NA 36 14 Residual Fuel NA 1 19 Coke and Breeze NA 313 186 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2.'Total' includes all energy sources listed below and all other energy that was purchased or transferred in. 3.'Electricity' consists of quantities of electricity that were purchased or transferred in, and is equivalent

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1a 1a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1a. Consumption of Energy (Site Energy) for All Purposes (First Use) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,123 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 105 107 313 Textile Mills 256 207 178 314 Textile Product Mills 50 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 509 377 451 322 Paper 2,747 2,363 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 7,320 6,799 6,864 325 Chemicals 6,064 6,465 5,149 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 328 351 337 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 979 1,059

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b b Table 7b. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (1000 Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 3 2006 3 Total NA 11,886 9,210 Electricity NA 2,315 2,152 Natural Gas NA 4,855 4,009 Coal NA 450 172 Residual Fuel NA 13 234 Coke and Breeze NA 3,916 2,287 Notes:1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. 1998 data unavailable due to disclosure avoidance procedures in place at the time. 3. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal or coke.

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3e. Gross Output 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Note: 1. Gross output of an industry is the market value of the goods and services produced by an industry, including commodity taxes. The components of gross output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of the industry's labor and capital to its gross output. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Gross Domestic Product by Industry 1998-2007," October 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 417 444 526 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product

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and 2006 > Table 3b and 2006 > Table 3b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3b. Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," December 2005, September 2009 and U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Industry Statistics 2001, 2004, and 2006, Table 6. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 429 456 539 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 103 104 125 313 Textile Mills 57 45 39 314 Textile Product Mills 31 31 33 315 Apparel Manufacturing 65 43 30 316 Leather and Allied Product

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5a 5a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5a. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Forest Products Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (NAICS 321 and NAICS 322) Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross outputs. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004 and 2006, and Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009; " Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009, and "Price Indexes

362

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 468 552 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 98 120 131 313 Textile Mills 57 50 44 314 Textile Product Mills 31 34 36 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 53 31 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 11 8 7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 87 94 110 322 Paper Manufacturing 159 160 177 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 104 109 107 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 134 215 523 325 Chemical Manufacturing 415 470 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 158 183 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 85 97 134 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1c. Off-Site Produced Energy (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002 and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 992 1,079 1,124 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 109 104 101 313 Textile Mills 255 206 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 285 198 296 322 Paper 1,648 1,413 1,350 323 Printing and Related Support 97 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 1,475 1,290 1,434 325 Chemicals 3,377 3,154 2,772 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 347 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 921 960 1,105 331 Primary Metals 2,010 1,614

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5c. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Aluminum Industry (NAICS 3313), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2004 and 2008, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," December 2009, "Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009; "Price Indexes for Value Added by Detailed Industry," December 2009; U.S. Geological Survey, Aluminum Statistics by David A. Buckingham, Patricia A.

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

d d Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4d. Value Added 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Note: 1. A measure of manufacturing activity that is derived by subtracting the cost of materials (which covers materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity, and contract work) from the value of shipments. This difference is then adjusted by the net change in finished goods and work-in-progress between the beginning- and end-of-year inventories. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Individual deflators are not available for NAICS 313 and 314, and the combined deflator for "Textile Mills and Textile Product Mills" (NAICS 313, 314) is used. For NAICS 315 and NAICS 316, the combined

366

HON 201, Three Plays F 1-1:50, BH B21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Hiroshima and Nagasaki are bombed in 1945. It turns out that the Germans never built an atomic bomb. Third, and meets Bohr. In 1943 Bohr escapes to Sweden. Meanwhile the atomic bomb is developed in America that Heisenberg was directing the Nazi atomic research program. So what did he tell Bohr? Some of the past history

Srinivasan, Bhama

367

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5c. Economic...

368

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Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5b. Economic...

369

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Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 4d Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4d. Value Added...

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5a. Economic...

371

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Dollars) Value of Shipments 2 29.1 27.4 23.0 Value Added 3 17.2 15.9 12.1 PrivacySecurity | Accessibility | Copyright & Reuse * Contact Us | Feedback | Careers | About EIA...

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339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 105 127 150 Manufacturing 3,896 3,915 5,016 PrivacySecurity | Accessibility | Copyright & Reuse * Contact Us | Feedback | Careers | About EIA...

373

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactions: hot fusion and cold fusion. The main differencenot yet well understood. Cold fusion reactions are, as theof nuclides. An advantage that cold fusion reactions have is

Nelson, Sarah L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Activities 60 59 60 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 32 37 126 325 Chemical Manufacturing 230 254 340 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 86 92 99 327...

375

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.4 88.5 88.2 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 96.1 103.6 113.2 325 Chemical Manufacturing 96.6 104.2 118.6 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 94.0...

376

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2005 and December 2009; American Chemical Chemistry Council, Guide to the Business of Chemistry 2007, Basic Chemicals, 2007,...

377

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Activities 103 93 92 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 227 242 265 325 Chemical Manufacturing 440 452 509 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 168 171 175...

378

Export.gov - B&H Services for U.S. Companies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Service office in Serbia to provide assistance to U.S. companies wishing to enter or expand business in the Bosnia and Herzegovina market. Let us help you find the best...

379

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

avoidance procedures in place at the time. 3. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal...

380

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Breeze 1,584 1,462 999 Notes: 1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

382

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5e. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Steel Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Includes iron and steel mills and...

383

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 US cents per dollar) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 10.7 13.0 9.4 Electricity 3.0...

384

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3.Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal...

385

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: 1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

386

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1.3 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

387

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Metals 758 646 529 332 Fabricated Metal Products 3 1 1 333 Machinery Q 2 * 334 Computer and Electronic Products * 1 1 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components 27 69...

388

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Metal Product Manufacturing 258 244 267 333 Machinery Manufacturing 286 244 295 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 352 425 612 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

389

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,123 1,744 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 397 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

390

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Metal Product Manufacturing 245 270 311 333 Machinery Manufacturing 276 292 321 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 444 454 398 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

391

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1,614 1,353 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 396 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

392

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2,120 1,736 332 Fabricated Metal Products 445 388 396 333 Machinery 217 177 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 201 142 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

393

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

sold and transferred out. It does not include electricity inputs from onsite cogeneration or generation from combustible fuels because that energy has already been included...

394

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of...

395

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Capacity adjusted value of production (t) is...

396

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of...

397

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Btu) Note: The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 BtuKWh, 10,173 BtuKWh, and 9,919 BtuKWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources:...

398

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Btu) Note: 1. The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 BtuKWh, 10,173 BtuKWh, and 9,919 BtuKWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources:...

399

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5e. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Steel Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Includes iron and steel mills and electrometallurgical ferroalloy product mfg. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added for primary metal (NAICS 331). Sources: Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys 1998, 2002, and 2006; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001,2004, and 2009; Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998-2008," December 2009; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial

400

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 5b. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Million Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 17 16 13 Net Electricity 4 2 2 2 Natural Gas 5 5 4 Coal 7 6 4 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil or coal. 3. 'Total' is the sum of all of the listed energy sources, including 'Other,' minus the shipments of energy sources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensities, 1998 and 2002 > Energy Intensities, 1998 and 2002 > Table 6b Table 6b. End Uses of Energy per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (thousand Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 16,957 15,884 17,796 Net Electricity 4 1,602 2,009 4,673 Natural Gas 4,625 4,236 5,969 Coal 487 393 214 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 81 W 10 Residual Fuel Oil 101 W 266 Natural Gas 527 426 276 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 751 862 830 Residual Fuel Oil 193 W 112 Natural Gas 3,742 3,592 2,776 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 690 939 786 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS

402

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 8b Table 8b. Expenditures for Purchased Energy per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 dollars 1 per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 58.8 78.1 71.4 Electricity 16.6 24.7 18.9 Natural Gas 13.5 20.8 25.1 Coal 10.2 12.4 12.4 Residual Fuel 0.6 0.0 0.9 Coke and Breeze 16.6 18.3 12.3 Notes:1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3.Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas,

403

Investigation of a Novel NDE Method for Monitoring Thermomechanical Damage and Microstructure Evolution in Ferritic-Martensitic Steels for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

The main goal of the proposed project is the development of validated nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for in situ monitoring of ferritic-martensitic steels like Grade 91 9Cr-1Mo, which are candidate materials for Generation IV nuclear energy structural components operating at temperatures up to ~650{degree}C and for steam-generator tubing for sodium-cooled fast reactors. Full assessment of thermomechanical damage requires a clear separation between thermally activated microstructural evolution and creep damage caused by simultaneous mechanical stress. Creep damage can be classified as "negligible" creep without significant plastic strain and "ordinary" creep of the primary, secondary, and tertiary kind that is accompanied by significant plastic deformation and/or cavity nucleation and growth. Under negligible creep conditions of interest in this project, minimal or no plastic strain occurs, and the accumulation of creep damage does not significantly reduce the fatigue life of a structural component so that low-temperature design rules, such as the ASME Section III, Subsection NB, can be applied with confidence. The proposed research project will utilize a multifaceted approach in which the feasibility of electrical conductivity and thermo-electric monitoring methods is researched and coupled with detailed post-thermal/creep exposure characterization of microstructural changes and damage processes using state-of-the-art electron microscopy techniques, with the aim of establishing the most effective nondestructive materials evaluation technique for particular degradation modes in high-temperature alloys that are candidates for use in the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) as well as providing the necessary mechanism-based underpinnings for relating the two. Only techniques suitable for practical application in situ will be considered. As the project evolves and results accumulate, we will also study the use of this technique for monitoring other GEN IV materials. Through the results obtained from this integrated materials behavior and NDE study, new insight will be gained into the best nondestructive creep and microstructure monitoring methods for the particular mechanisms identified in these materials. The proposed project includes collaboration with a national laboratory partner and the results will also serve as a foundation to guide the efforts of scientists in the DOE laboratory, university, and industrial communities concerned with the technological challenges of monitoring creep and microstructural evolution in materials planned to be used in Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems.

Nagy, Peter

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

404

The axonal membrane protein Caspr, a homologue of neurexin IV, is a component of the septate-like paranodal junctions that assemble during myelination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We have investigated the potential role of contactin and contactin-associated protein (Caspr) in the axonal–glial interactions of myelination. In the nervous system, contactin is expressed by neurons, oligodendrocytes, and their progenitors, but not by Schwann cells. Expression of Caspr, a homologue of Neurexin IV, is restricted to neurons. Both contactin and Caspr are uniformly expressed at high levels on the surface of unensheathed neurites and are downregulated during myelination in vitro and in vivo. Contactin is downregulated along the entire myelinated nerve fiber. In contrast, Caspr expression initially remains elevated along segments of neurites associated with nascent myelin sheaths. With further maturation, Caspr is downregulated in the internode and becomes strikingly concentrated

Steven Einheber; George Zanazzi; William Ching; Steven Scherer; Teresa A. Milner; Elior Peles; James L. Salzer

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Synergies and conflicts in multimedia pollution control related to utility compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

SciTech Connect

Most analyses of the alternative strategies used by utilities to comply with Title IV requirements have focused on factors directly related to controlling sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions. However, utilities must meet a number of additional environmental requirements at the same tune they comply with the acid rain program. To illuminate the potential synergies and conflicts that might exist between the other regulatory mandates and the acid rain program, a thorough examination of all the various programs and their interrelationships must be conducted. This paper reviews the environmental mandates that utilities will have to plan to meet in the next decade concurrently with the acid rain program, and it analyzes the interactions among the various programs to identify potential synergies and conflicts.

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Population genetics of the understory fishtail palm Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti in Belize: high genetic connectivity with local differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacon2,9, Nancy C Garwood3, Richard M Bateman4, Meredith M Thomas5, Steve Russell6, C Donovan Bailey2, William J Hahn7, Samuel GM Bridgewater6 and Rob DeSalle8 Address: 1Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University... , Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA Email: Angélica Cibrián-Jaramillo* - acibrian@amnh.org; Christine D Bacon - cbacon@simla.colostate.edu; Nancy C Garwood - ngarwood@plant.siu.edu; Richard M Bateman - r.bateman@rbgkew.org.uk; Meredith M Thomas - mmt29@cam...

Cibrian-Jaramillo, Angelica; Bacon, Christine D; Garwood, Nancy C; Bateman, Richard M; Thomas, Meredith M; Russell, Steven R; Bailey, Donovan C; Hahn, William J; Bridgewater, Samuel G M; DeSalle, Rob

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Telling friends from foes : strontium isotope and trace element analysis of companion burials from Pusilhá, Toledo District, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Powell 1972 Strontium Isotope Geology. Minerals, Rocks, andisotope ratios in an ecosystem are a factor of the local geology andisotope and trace element values in human bone vary depending on the geology

Somerville, Andrew D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Investigation of PR and TMI Version 6 and Version 7 Rainfall Algorithms in Landfalling Tropical Cyclones Relative to the NEXRAD Stage-IV Multi-sensor Precipitation Estimate Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall estimates from Version 6 and Version 7 of the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) 2A25 and Microwave Imager (TMI) 2A12 algorithms are compared relative to the NEXRAD Multi-sensor Precipitation Estimate Stage IV hourly rainfall product. The ...

Joseph P. Zagrodnik; Haiyan Jiang

409

NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH INITIATIVE (NERI) PROGRAM GRANT NUMBER DE-FG03-00SF22168 TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT (Nov. 15, 2001 - Feb. 15,2002) ''Design and Layout Concepts for Compact, Factory-Produced, Transportable, Generation IV Reactor Systems''  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to develop and evaluate nuclear power plant designs and layout concepts to maximize the benefits of compact modular Generation IV reactor concepts including factory fabrication and packaging for optimal transportation and siting. Three nuclear power plant concepts are being studied representing water, helium and lead-bismuth coolants. This is the sixth quarterly progress report.

Fred R. Mynatt; Andy Kadak; Marc Berte; Larry Miller; Mohammed Khan; Joe McConn; Lawrence Townsend; Wesley Williams; Martin Williamson

2002-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Extraction of actinide (III, IV, V, VI) ions and TcO4- byN,N,N',N'- tetraisobutyl-3-oxa-glutaramide  

SciTech Connect

The extraction behavior of U(VI), Np(V), Pu(IV), Am(III), and TcO{sub 4}{sup -} with N, N, N', N'-tetraisobutyl-3-oxa-glutaramide (TiBOGA) were investigated. An organic phase of 0.2 mol/L TiBOGA in 40/60% (V/V) 1-octanol/kerosene showed good extractability for actinides (III, IV, V VI) and TcO{sub 4}{sup -}from aqueous solutions of HNO{sub 3} (0.1 to 4 mol/L). At 25 C, the distribution ratio of the actinide ions (D{sub An}) generally increased as the concentration of HNO{sub 3} in the aqueous phase was increased from 0.1 to 4 mol/L, while the D{sub Tc} at first increased, then decreased, with a maximum of 3.0 at 2 mol/L HNO{sub 3}. Based on the slope analysis of the dependence of D{sub M} (M = An or Tc) on the concentrations of reagents, the formula of extracted complexes were assumed to be UO{sub 2}L{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}, NpO{sub 2}L{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}), PuL(NO{sub 3}){sub 4}, AmL{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and HL{sub 2}(TcO{sub 4}) where L = TiBOGA. The enthalpy and entropy of the corresponding extraction reactions, {Delta}{sub r}H and {Delta}{sub r}S, were calculated from the dependence of D on temperature in the range of 15-55 C. For U(VI), Np(V), Am(III) and TcO{sub 4}{sup -}, the extraction reactions are enthalpy driven and disfavored by entropy ({Delta}{sub r}H < 0 and {Delta}{sub r}S < 0). In contrast, the extraction reaction of Pu(IV) is entropy driven and disfavored by enthalpy ({Delta}{sub r}H > 0 and {Delta}{sub r}S > 0). A test run with 0.2 mol/L TiBOGA in 40/60% 1-octanol/kerosene was performed to separate actinides and TcO{sub 4}{sup -} from a simulated acidic high-level liquid waste (HLLW), using tracer amounts of {sup 238}U(VI), {sup 237}Np(V), {sup 239}Pu(VI), {sup 241}Am(III) and {sup 99}TcO{sub 4}{sup -}. The distribution ratios of U(VI), Np(V), Pu(VI), Am(III) and TcO{sub 4}{sup -} were 12.4, 3.9, 87, > 1000 and 1.5, respectively, confirming that TiBOGA is a promising extractant for the separation of all actinides and TcO{sub 4}{sup -} from acidic HLLW. It is noteworthy that the extractability of TiBOGA for Np(V) from acidic HLLW (D{sub Np(V)} = 3.9) is much higher than that of many other extractants that have been studies for the separation of actinides from HLLW.

Tian, Guoxin; Zhang, Ping; Wang, Jianchen; Rao, Linfeng

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belize, Botswana,Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Colombia Egypt Georgia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Analysis of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: A forecast of the electric utility industry response to Title IV, Acid Deposition Control  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 incorporate, for the first time, provisions aimed specifically at the control of acid rain. These provisions restrict emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) from electric power generating stations. The restrictions on SO{sub 2} take the form of an overall cap on the aggregate emissions from major generating plants, allowing substantial flexibility in the industry`s response to those restrictions. This report discusses one response scenario through the year 2030 that was examined through a simulation of the utility industry based on assumptions consistent with characterizations used in the National Energy Strategy reference case. It also makes projections of emissions that would result from the use of existing and new capacity and of the associated additional costs of meeting demand subject to the emission limitations imposed by the Clean Air Act. Fuel-use effects, including coal-market shifts, consistent with the response scenario are also described. These results, while dependent on specific assumptions for this scenario, provide insight into the general character of the likely utility industry response to Title IV.

Molburg, J.C.; Fox, J.A.; Pandola, G.; Cilek, C.M.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Analysis of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: A forecast of the electric utility industry response to Title IV, Acid Deposition Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 incorporate, for the first time, provisions aimed specifically at the control of acid rain. These provisions restrict emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) and oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub x]) from electric power generating stations. The restrictions on SO[sub 2] take the form of an overall cap on the aggregate emissions from major generating plants, allowing substantial flexibility in the industry's response to those restrictions. This report discusses one response scenario through the year 2030 that was examined through a simulation of the utility industry based on assumptions consistent with characterizations used in the National Energy Strategy reference case. It also makes projections of emissions that would result from the use of existing and new capacity and of the associated additional costs of meeting demand subject to the emission limitations imposed by the Clean Air Act. Fuel-use effects, including coal-market shifts, consistent with the response scenario are also described. These results, while dependent on specific assumptions for this scenario, provide insight into the general character of the likely utility industry response to Title IV.

Molburg, J.C.; Fox, J.A.; Pandola, G.; Cilek, C.M.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Phase 3 Trial of Postoperative Chemotherapy Alone Versus Chemoradiation Therapy in Stage III-IV Gastric Cancer Treated With R0 Gastrectomy and D2 Lymph Node Dissection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To compare chemotherapy alone with chemoradiation therapy in stage III-IV(M0) gastric cancer treated with R0 gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection. Methods and Materials: The chemotherapy arm received 5 cycles of fluorouracil and leucovorin (FL), and the chemoradiation therapy arm received 1 cycle of FL, then radiation therapy of 45 Gy concurrently with 2 cycles of FL, followed by 2 cycles of FL. Intent-to-treat analysis and per-protocol analyses were performed. Results: Between May 6, 2002 and June 29, 2006, a total of 90 patients were enrolled. Forty-four were randomly assigned to the chemotherapy arm and 46 to the chemoradiation therapy arm. Treatment was completed as planned by 93.2% of patients in the chemotherapy arm and 87.0% in the chemoradiation therapy arm. Overall intent-to-treat analysis showed that addition of radiation therapy to chemotherapy significantly improved locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) but not disease-free survival. In subgroup analysis for stage III, chemoradiation therapy significantly prolonged the 5-year LRRFS and disease-free survival rates compared with chemotherapy (93.2% vs 66.8%, P=.014; 73.5% vs 54.6%, P=.056, respectively). Conclusions: Addition of radiation therapy to chemotherapy could improve the LRRFS in stage III gastric cancer treated with R0 gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection.

Kim, Tae Hyun; Park, Sook Ryun; Ryu, Keun Won; Kim, Young-Woo [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)] [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Jae-Moon [Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jun Ho; Choi, Il Ju; Kim, Yeon-Joo [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)] [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dae Yong, E-mail: radiopiakim@hanmail.net [Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Synergies and conflicts in multimedia pollution control related to utility compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most analyses of utility strategies for meeting Title IV requirements in the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 have focused on factors relating directly to utilities` sulfur dioxide control costs; however, there are a number of additional environmental requirements that utilities must meet at the same time they comply with the acid rain program. To illuminate the potential synergies and conflicts that these other regulatory mandates may have in connection with the acid rain program, it is necessary to conduct a thorough, simultaneous examination of the various programs. This report (1) reviews the environmental mandates that utilities must plant to meet in the next decade concurrently with those of the acid rain program, (2) evaluates the technologies that utilities may select to meet these requirements, (3) reviews the impacts of public utility regulation on the acid rain program, and (4) analyzes the interactions among the various programs for potential synergies and conflicts. Generally, this report finds that the lack of coordination among current and future regulatory programs may result in higher compliance costs than necessary. Failure to take advantage of cost-effective synergies and incremental compliance planning will increase control costs and reduce environmental benefits.

Bailey, K.A.; Loeb, A.P.; Formento, J.W.; South, D.W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

MACK-IV, a new version of MACK: a program to calculate nuclear response functions from data in ENDF/B format  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

MACK-IV calculates nuclear response functions important to the neutronics analysis of nuclear and fusion systems. A central part of the code deals with the calculation of the nuclear response function for nuclear heating more commonly known as the kerma factor. Pointwise and multigroup neutron kerma factors, individual reactions, helium, hydrogen, and tritium production response functions are calculated from any basic nuclear data library in ENDF/B format. The program processes all reactions in the energy range of 0 to 20 MeV for fissionable and nonfissionable materials. The program also calculates the gamma production cross sections and the gamma production energy matrix. A built-in computational capability permits the code to calculate the cross sections in the resolved and unresolved resonance regions from resonance parameters in ENDF/B with an option for Doppler broadening. All energy pointwise and multigroup data calculated by the code can be punched, printed and/or written on tape files. Multigroup response functions (e.g., kerma factors, reaction cross sections, gas production, atomic displacements, etc.) can be outputted in the format of MACK-ACTIVITY-Table suitable for direct use with current neutron (and photon) transport codes.

Abdou, M.A.; Gohar, Y.; Wright, R.Q.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Concurso Docentes Pgina 1 de 4 ANNEX IV/ ANEXO IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.C. MECANICA DELS MEDIS CONTINUS I T. D'ESTRUCTURA DRET MERCANTIL BIOLOGIA CEL·LULAR FILOLOGIA FRANCESA MECANICA DE LOS MEDIOS CONTINUOS Y T. DE ESTRUCT. DERECHO MERCANTIL BIOLOGIA CELULAR FILOLOGIA FRANCESA DC

Escolano, Francisco

418

Composite Materials Symposium: Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 29, 2010 ... Owing to its unique characteristics – like morphology and chemical composition-, fly ash has been identified as a potential reinforcing phase for ...

419

Surface Properties of Biomaterials IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and surface energy measurements • Degradation of resorbable biomaterials ... Development of Regenerative Biomaterials to Promote Bone Regeneration.

420

CARBON TECHNOLOGY: IV: Anode Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... M. Fontolan, Techmo Car S.P.A., Via R. Colpi, 15/17 35010 Limena (PD) Italy ... of the new aluminium smelter implemented by Hydro Aluminium technology, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

IV. NORTHERN SOUTH AMERI CA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

exhibit ductile behavior during hydraulic stimulation. The higher-quality source rock shales within the Maceió Fm average about 200 m thick (maximum 700 m) and

422

Session IV - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring and realizing the conversion and storage of solar energy as hydrogen .... Voltage-current-power and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at  ...

423

(IV) Oxide and Barium Titanate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a first investigation of its kind, a commercially available additive manufacturing platform has been applied to “print” metal oxide gas sensors. The M-Lab from ...

424

Session IV - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Research efforts have been focused on characterizing fresh fuel cell MEAs, ... State Battery: Kaiyang Zeng1; 1National University of Singapore

425

Part IV: APPENDICES A. References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: A small step semantics. In STRATA'U3, 2003. [LanGO] E. Landau. Foundations of Analysis. Chelsea, New York

de Weck, Olivier L.

426

Paddistrict IV - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly August 2012 36 Figure 6. U.S. No. 2 Distillate Prices to Residences by PAD District

427

TOTAL EN III/IV  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

DISABILITY 2 5.6% VETERANS 12 33.3% SPECIAL 17.9 YRS EDUCATION SUPERVISOR RATIO 5 DIVERSITY 48.7 YRS RETIREMENT GENDER AGE 14 YEARS OF FEDERAL SERVICE 12 3 7 Kansas City Site...

428

Session IV - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013... Aihua Liu2; 1Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy & Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Ocean University of China ; 2Qingdao ...

429

Geothermal Program Review IV: proceedings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research and development program of DOE's Geothermal Technology Division is reviewed in separate presentations according to program area. Separate abstracts have been prepared for the individual papers. (ACR)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

APD_IV [Compatibility Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Dedicated insertion device sources (eg ... SAXS Two log-normal sphere distributions ... Need to minimise human intervention; maximise automation ...

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

431

Structures and Mechanical Properties IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013... Francois Payen1; Nayomi Plaza1; Jinwoo Hwang1; Eren Kalay2; Matt Kramer2 ; 1University of Wisconsin, Madison; 2Ames Laboratory

432

Quantitative LEED I-V and ab initio study of the Si(111)-3x2-Sm surface structure and the missing half-order spots in the 3x1 diffraction pattern  

SciTech Connect

We have used low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) I-V analysis and ab initio calculations to quantitatively determine the honeycomb chain model structure for the Si(111)-3x2-Sm surface. This structure and a similar 3x1 recontruction have been observed for many alkali-earth and rare-earth metals on the Si(111) surface. Our ab initio calculations show that there are two almost degenerate sites for the Sm atom in the unit cell, and the LEED I-V analysis reveals that an admixture of the two in a ratio that slightly favors the site with the lower energy is the best match to experiment. We show that the I-V curves are insensitive to the presence of the Sm atom and that this results in a very low intensity for the half-order spots, which might explain the appearance of a 3x1 LEED pattern produced by all of the structures with a 3x2 unit cell.

Eames, C.; Probert, M. I. J.; Tear, S. P. [Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Impact of Local and Regional Disease Extent on Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Stage IIIB/IV Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Patients with advanced stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung carcinoma are typically treated with initial platinum-based chemotherapy. A variety of factors (eg, performance status, gender, age, histology, weight loss, and smoking history) are generally accepted as predictors of overall survival. Because uncontrolled pulmonary disease constitutes a major cause of death in these patients, we hypothesized that clinical and radiographic factors related to intrathoracic disease at diagnosis may be prognostically significant in addition to conventional factors. The results have implications regarding the selection of patients for whom palliative thoracic radiation therapy may be of most benefit. Methods and Materials: We conducted a pooled analysis of 189 patients enrolled at a single institution into 9 prospective phase II and III clinical trials involving first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. Baseline clinical and radiographic characteristics before trial enrollment were analyzed as possible predictors for subsequent overall survival. To assess the relationship between anatomic location and volume of disease within the thorax and its effect on survival, the pre-enrollment computed tomography images were also analyzed by contouring central and peripheral intrapulmonary disease. Results: On univariate survival analysis, multiple pulmonary-related factors were significantly associated with worse overall survival, including pulmonary symptoms at presentation (P=.0046), total volume of intrathoracic disease (P=.0006), and evidence of obstruction of major bronchi or vessels on prechemotherapy computed tomography (P<.0001). When partitioned into central and peripheral volumes, central (P<.0001) but not peripheral (P=.74) disease was associated with worse survival. On multivariate analysis with known factors, pulmonary symptoms (hazard ratio, 1.46; P=.042), central disease volume (hazard ratio, 1.47; P=.042), and bronchial/vascular compression (hazard ratio, 1.54; P=.022) remained significant. Conclusions: Patients with bulky central disease, bronchial/vascular compression, and/or pulmonary symptoms exhibited worse overall survival after first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy. A subset of these patients may be studied to determine whether early, planned palliative thoracic radiation could also be of benefit.

Higginson, Daniel S., E-mail: daniel.higginson@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States); Chen, Ronald C.; Tracton, Gregg; Morris, David E.; Halle, Jan; Rosenman, Julian G.; Stefanescu, Mihaela; Pham, Erica [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States); Socinski, Mark A. [Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States); Marks, Lawrence B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

RELAP5/MOD3 simulation of the loss of residual heat removal during midloop operation experiment conducted at the ROSA-IV/ Large Scale Test Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The modeling of the complex thermal hydraulics Of reactor systems involves the use Of experimental test systems as well as numerical codes. A simulation of the loss of residual heat removal (RHR) during midloop operations was performed using the RELAP5/MOD3 thermal hydraulic code. The experiment was conducted at the Rig of Safety Assessment (ROSA)-IV/ Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF). The experiment involved a 5% cold leg break along with the loss of the RHR system-The transient was simulated for 3040 seconds. The ROSA-1-V/]LsTF is one of the largest test facilities in the world and is located in Japan. It is a volumetrically scaled (1/48) full height, two loop model of a Westinghouse four loop pressurized water reactor (PWR). The facility consists of pressure vessel, two symmetric loops, a pressurizer and a full emergency core cooling system (ECCS) system. The transient was run on the CRAY-YMP supercomputer at Texas A&M university. Core boiling and primary pressurization followed the initiation of the transient. The time to core boiling was overpredicted. Almost all Primary parameters were predicted well until the occurrence of the loop seal clearing (LSC) at 2400 seconds. The secondary side temperatures were in good agreement with the experimental data until the LSC. Following the LSC, the steam condensation in the tubes was not calculated. This resulted in the overprediction of primary pressures after the LSC. Also, the temperatures in the hot and the cold legs were overpredicted. Because there was no significant condensation in the U-tubes, the core remained uncovered. Moreover, the LSC did not recover. Consequently, secondary side temperatures were underpredicted after the LSC. This indicated the deficiency of the condensation model. The core temperature excursion at the time of the LSC was not predicted, though there was good agreement between the experimental and calculated data for the rest of the transient. Severe oscillations were calculated throughout the course of the transient. Overall, there was reasonable qualitative agreement between the measured and the calculated data.

Banerjee, Sibashis Sanatkumar

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development of Pillared M(IV) Phosphate Phosphonate Inorganic Organic Hybrid Ion Exchange Materials for Applications in Separations found in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on key intergroup and intragroup separations found in the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle, specifically americium from lanthanides and americium from other actinides, most importantly americium from curium. Our goal is to implement a liquid-solid separation process to reduce waste and risk of contamination by the development of metal(IV) phosphate phosphonate inorganic organic hybrid ion exchange materials with the ideal formula of M(O6P2C6H4)0.5(O3POA) * nH2O, where M = Zr or Sn, A = H or Na. These materials have previously shown to have high affinity for Ln, this work will expand on the previous studies and provide methods for the above target separation, exploiting oxidation state and ion charge to drive the separation process. The optimum hydrothermal reaction conditions were determined by adjusting parameters such as reaction temperature and time, as well as the phosphonate to phosphate (pillarto-spacer) ligands ratio. Following these results four bulk syntheses were performed and their ion exchange properties were thoroughly examined. Techniques such as inductively coupled mass spectrometry and liquid scintillation counting were used to determine the affinity of the materials towards Na+, Cs+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ni2+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, NpO2+, Pu4+, PuO22+, Am3+, AmO2+, and Cm3+. Separation factors in the thousands have been observed for intergroup separations of the Ln from the alkali, alkaline earth, and low valent transition metals. A new method for Am oxidation was developed, which employed Na2S2O8 as the oxidizing agent and Ca(OCl)2 as the stabilizing agent for AmO2+ synthesis. Separation factors of 30-60 for Nd3+ and Eu3+ from AmO2+, as well as 20 for Cm3+ from AmO2+ were observed at pH 2. The work herein shows that a liquid-solid separation can be carried out for these difficult separations by means of oxidation and ion exchange.

Burns, Jonathan

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-1066A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A Title: Variable Frequency Drivers for RWIS Pumps GFE Description: Vendor shall provide and deliver variable frequency drivers for the Raw Water Intake Structure (RWIS) pumps at the Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry SPR sites as Government Furnished Equipment (GFE). Installation will be performed by others. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

437

Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 2: Appendices, AAC, BECR, BH  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the conceptual design of a system the Department of Energy (DOE) may implement for compliance with the requirement to control access to the disposal site. In addition, this report addresses the scheduling process for control of inspection, maintenance, and periodic reporting related to Long Term Monitoring which addresses the monitoring of disposal system performance, environmental monitoring in accordance with the Consultation and Cooperation Agreement between the DOE and the state of New Mexico, and evaluation of testing activities related to the Permanent Marker System design. In addition to access control addressed by this report, the controlling or cleaning up of releases from the site is addressed in the Conceptual Decontamination and Decommissioning Plan. The monitoring of parameters related to disposal system performance is addressed in the Long Term Monitoring Design Concept Description. Together, these three documents address the full range of active institutional controls planned after disposal of the TRU waste in the WIPP repository.

NONE

1995-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

Refining the M_BH-V_c scaling relation with HI rotation curves of water megamaser galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black hole - galaxy scaling relations provide information about the coevolution of supermassive black holes and their host galaxies. We compare the black hole mass - circular velocity (MBH - Vc) relation with the black hole mass - bulge stellar velocity dispersion (MBH - sigma) relation, to see whether the scaling relations can passively emerge from a large number of mergers, or require a physical mechanism, such as feedback from an active nucleus. We present VLA H I observations of five galaxies, including three water megamaser galaxies, to measure the circular velocity. Using twenty-two galaxies with dynamical MBH measurements and Vc measurements extending to large radius, our best-fit MBH - Vc relation, log MBH = alpha + beta log(Vc /200 km s^-1), yields alpha = 7.43+/-0.13, beta = 3.68+1.23/-1.20, and intrinsic scatter epsilon_int = 0.51+0.11/-0.09. The intrinsic scatter may well be higher than 0.51, as we take great care to ascribe conservatively large observational errors. We find comparable scatter in ...

Sun, Ai-Lei; Impellizzeri, C M Violette; Kuo, Cheng-Yu; Braatz, James A; Tuttle, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

NUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH INITIATIVE (NERI) PROGRAM GRANT NUMBER DE-FG03-00SF22168 TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT (Nov. 15, 2001 - Feb. 15,2002) ''Design and Layout Concepts for Compact, Factory-Produced, Transportable, Generation IV Reactor Systems''  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to develop and evaluate nuclear power plant designs and layout concepts to maximize the benefits of compact modular Generation IV reactor concepts including factory fabrication and packaging for optimal transportation and siting. Three nuclear power plant concepts are being studied representing water, helium and lead-bismuth coolants. This is the sixth quarterly progress report.

Fred R. Mynatt; Andy Kadak; Marc Berte; Larry Miller; Mohammed Khan; Joe McConn; Lawrence Townsend; Wesley Williams; Martin Williamson

2002-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

In Search of the Rain Forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil extraction in Ecuador, the appropriation and industrialization of herbal medicine in the forests of Belize, a critical history

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hungary Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Rep. of MoldovaBelize (Senate) Bosnia and Herzegovina (House of Peoples)

McLean, Lindsey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Biotic and Abiotic Reduction and Solubilization of Pu(IV)O2•xH2O(am) as Affected by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) and Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the presence of hydrogen (H{sub 2}), the synthetic chelating agent ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), and the electron shuttle anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria (DMRB) Shewanella oneidensis and Geobacter sulfurreducens both reductively solubilized 100% of added 0.5 mM plutonium (IV) hydrous oxide (Pu(IV)O{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)}) in {approx}24 h at pH 7 in a non-complexing buffer. In the absence of AQDS, bioreduction was much slower ({approx}22 days) and less extensive ({approx}83-94%). In the absence of DMRB but under comparable conditions, 89% (without AQDS) to 98% (with AQDS) of added 0.5 mM PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} was reductively solubilized over 418 days. Under comparable conditions but in the absence of EDTA, Pu(aq) increased by as much as an order of magnitude in some EDTA-free treatments, both biotic and abiotic, and increases in solubility were associated with the production of both Pu(OH)3(am) and Pu(III)(aq). Incubation with DMRB in the absence of EDTA increased the polymeric and crystalline content of the PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} and also decreased Pu solubility in 6-N HCl. Results from an in vitro assay demonstrated electron transfer to PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} from the S. oneidensis outer-membrane c-type cytochrome MtrC, and EDTA increased the oxidation of MtrC by PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)}. Our results suggest that PuO{sub 2} {lg_bullet} xH{sub 2}O{sub (am)} biotic and abiotic reduction and solubilization may be important in anoxic, reducing environments, especially where complexing ligands and electron shuttling compounds are present.

Plymale, Andrew E.; Bailey, Vanessa L.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Heald, Steve M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Shi, Liang; Wang, Zheming; Resch, Charles T.; Moore, Dean A.; Bolton, Harvey

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

443

ISSN 1198-6727 Fisheries Centre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 7 are for offshore. Current onshore oil production Belize Natural Energy Ltd. made the first. Belize Natural Energy ships oil to buyers in Costa Rica, Panama and Corpus Christi, Texas. Some crude oil concessions are held by 6 companies, these being: Island Oil Belize (since May 25 2004); Miles Tropical Energy

Pauly, Daniel

444

Part IV, Matrix of Compliance Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Davis Bacon Act Davis Bacon Act Eligibility Equipment and Real Property Management Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking Period of Availability of Federal Funds Procurement/ Suspension/ Debarment Program Income Real Property Acquisition/ Relocation Reporting Subrecipient Monitoring NEPA National Historic Preservation Act Special Tests and Provisions 81.036 Inventions and Innovations Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 81.049 Office of Science Financial Assistance Program Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 81.079 Regional Biomass Energy Programs Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 81.086 Conservation Research and Development Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 81.087 Renewable Energy Research and Development Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 81.089 Fossil Energy Research and

445

PART IV Â… REPRESENTATIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

JAN 2011) ......................................................................................................................... 1 JAN 2011) ......................................................................................................................... 1 K-2 FAR 52.209-2 PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH INVERTED DOMESTIC CORPORATIONS--REPRESENTATION (JUL 2009) ......................... 5 K-3 FAR 52.209-7 INFORMATION REGARDING RESPONSIBILITY MATTERS (JAN 2011) ......................................................................................................................... 5 K-4 FAR 52.225-25 PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SANCTIONED ACTIVITIES RELATING TO IRAN-CERTIFICATION (SEP 2010) .................... 7 K-5 FAR 52.230-1 COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS NOTICES AND CERTIFICATION (OCT 2008)....................................................................................... 7

446

PART IV Â… REPRESENTATIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAY 2011) ....................................................................................................................... 1 MAY 2011) ....................................................................................................................... 1 K-2 FAR 52.209-2 PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH INVERTED DOMESTIC CORPORATIONS--REPRESENTATION (MAY 2011) ....................... 5 K-3 FAR 52.209-7 INFORMATION REGARDING RESPONSIBILITY MATTERS (JAN 2011) ......................................................................................................................... 5 K-4 FAR 52.225-25 PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SANCTIONED ACTIVITIES RELATING TO IRAN-CERTIFICATION (SEP 2010) .................... 7 K-5 FAR 52.230-1 COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS NOTICES AND CERTIFICATION (OCT 2008)....................................................................................... 7

447

Field Assisted Sintering IV (SPS & Microwave)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2012 ... 3 ?m depleted uranium dioxide powder within a tungsten super alloy matrix produced from sub-micron tungsten powders. 9:20 AM Invited

448

Session IV: Rare Earth Mineralogy and Beneficiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel concept of reactive oily bubbles (i.e., bubbles covered by a thin layer of oil containing oil-soluble collectors) as a carrier in flotation is proposed.

449

Milky Way Tomography IV: Dissecting Dust  

SciTech Connect

We use SDSS photometry of 73 million stars to simultaneously obtain best-fit main-sequence stellar energy distribution (SED) and amount of dust extinction along the line of sight towards each star. Using a subsample of 23 million stars with 2MASS photometry, whose addition enables more robust results, we show that SDSS photometry alone is sufficient to break degeneracies between intrinsic stellar color and dust amount when the shape of extinction curve is fixed. When using both SDSS and 2MASS photometry, the ratio of the total to selective absorption, R{sub V}, can be determined with an uncertainty of about 0.1 for most stars in high-extinction regions. These fits enable detailed studies of the dust properties and its spatial distribution, and of the stellar spatial distribution at low Galactic latitudes (|b| < 30{sup o}). Our results are in good agreement with the extinction normalization given by the Schlegel et al. (1998, SFD) dust maps at high northern Galactic latitudes, but indicate that the SFD extinction map appears to be consistently overestimated by about 20% in the southern sky, in agreement with recent study by Schlafly et al. (2010). The constraints on the shape of the dust extinction curve across the SDSS and 2MASS bandpasses disfavor the reddening law of O'Donnell (1994), but support the models by Fitzpatrick (1999) and Cardelli et al. (1989). For the latter, we find a ratio of the total to selective absorption to be R{sub V} = 3.0 {+-} 0.1(random) {+-} 0.1 (systematic) over most of the high-latitude sky. At low Galactic latitudes (|b| < 5{sup o}), we demonstrate that the SFD map cannot be reliably used to correct for extinction because most stars are embedded in dust, rather than behind it, as is the case at high Galactic latitudes. We analyze three-dimensional maps of the best-fit R{sub V} and find that R{sub V} = 3.1 cannot be ruled out in any of the ten SEGUE stripes at a precision level of {approx} 0.1 - 0.2. Our best estimate for the intrinsic scatter of R{sub V} in the regions probed by SEGUE stripes is {approx} 0.2. We introduce a method for efficient selection of candidate red giant stars in the disk, dubbed 'dusty parallax relation', which utilizes a correlation between distance and the extinction along the line of sight. We make these best-fit parameters, as well as all the input SDSS and 2MASS data, publicly available in a user-friendly format. These data can be used for studies of stellar number density distribution, the distribution of dust properties, for selecting sources whose SED differs from SEDs for high-latitude main sequence stars, and for estimating distances to dust clouds and, in turn, to molecular gas clouds.

Berry, Michael; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Rutgers U., Piscataway; Ivezic, Zeljko; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Sesar, Branimir; /Caltech; Juric, Mario; /Harvard U., Phys. Dept.; Schlafly, Edward F.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Bellovary, Jillian; /Michigan U.; Finkbeiner, Douglas; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Vrbanec, Dijana; /Zagreb U.; Beers, Timothy C.; /Natl. Solar Observ., Tucson; Brooks, Keira J.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Schneider, Donald P.; /Penn State U. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Ultrafine Grained Materials IV TABLE OF CONTENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A.A. Smolyakov, V.P. Solovyev, and A.I. Korshunov. Crystallization Reactions in Amorphous Al Alloys Induced by Intense Plastic Deformation [pp. 151

451

IV Estimation of Panels with Factor Residuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In microeconometric panels, the factor structure may capture different sources of unobserved individual-specific heterogeneity, the impact of which varies intertem- porally in an arbitrary way. For instance, in studies of production functions, the factor loadings may... supply, Euler equations for household consumption, and em- pirical growth models. In these models the coefficient of the lagged dependent variable captures inertia, habit formation and costs of adjustment and therefore it has structural significance (see...

Robertson, Donald; Sara dis, Vasilis

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

452

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF INTERNAL INTERFACES: IV ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between inclination dependence of the GB energy and the ... grain boundary carbide precipitates were revealed as very discretely distributed in ...

453

Geophysics IV. Gravity, Magnetic, and Magnetotelluric Methods  

SciTech Connect

During the past two decades, the technology of geophysics has exploded. At the same time, the petroleum industry has been forced to look for more and more subtle traps in more and more difficult terrain. The choice of papers in this geophysics reprint volume reflects this evolution. The papers were chosen to help geologists, not geophysicists, enhance their knowledge of geophysics. Math-intensive papers were excluded because those papers are relatively esoteric and have limited applicability for most geologists. This volume concentrates on gravity, magnetic, and magnetotelluric methods. Each of the 10 papers were abstracted and indexed for the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Data Base.

Beaumont, E.A.; Foster, N.H. (comps.)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

ADVANCES IN COATINGS TECHNOLOGIES II: IV - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This protein exhibits high affinity for metals and acts as a substrate for the enzyme catechol oxidase, which catalyzes the two electron oxidation of catechol to ...

455

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient cooling based on the magnetocaloric effect is an exciting possibility which is rapidly becoming ... Magnetic Materials for Green Innovation.

456

WEB RESOURCE: Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2007 ... This web site provides offers a broad overview of the Department of Energy's activities in exploring the development of next generation nuclear ...

457

Synergies Between Generation-IV and Advanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactors ·LWR: PWR/BWR ·CANDU ·VVER/RBMK Gen III Generation III Advanced LWRs ·System 80+ ·EPR ·AP600 ·ABWR

458

NFIR-IV Disc Irradiation Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuel restructuring observed in uranium dioxide (UO2) based fuel at high burnup coincides with observations of enhanced fission gas release and reduced thermal conductivity of the fuel material. The transformation of fuel microstructure to so-called high burnup structure (HBS) is thus perceived as a potential limitation to fuel performance. To pursue future research and development (RD) in these and other fuel-pellet-related areas, the Nuclear Fuel Industry Research (NFIR) program commissioned an in-pile ...

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

459

Real-time signal processing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following topics were dealt with: parallel computation algorithms and architectures; very high-speed integrated circuit processing; multiple processor systems; real-time signal processing technologies and applications. 48 papers were presented, 40 of which are published in full in the present proceedings. Abstracts of individual papers can be found under the relevant classification codes in this or other issues.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Defects and Transport in Ceramics IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011... Oxide Transparent Conductors: Gabriela Gonzalez Aviles1; Rofeideh Mansourian1; Bryan Hardnacke1; Anna Wesolik1; Jordan Gardner1; ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bh belize iv" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

friction stir welding iv table of contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Friction Stir Welding—After a Decade of Development [pp. 3-18] William Arbegast . Friction Stir Welding of an Aluminum Coal Hopper Railcar [pp. 19-28

462

Recycling of Metals and Engineered Materials IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 25, 2008 ... Edited: 9/15/2010 at 2:24 PM by Materials Sustainability: Digital Resource Center Moderator. Comment on Posting · Quote Top Bottom ...

463

Carbon Technology IV: Cathode/Plant Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resin bonded carbon refractories avoid the emission of PAH associated with tar based binders. Five prototype resin binders were tested and compared with two ...

464

Generation IV International Forum | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

economic growth. This is the case because the energy we use today comes mainly from fossil fuels - oil, coal and natural gas. While we have enough of these fossil fuels to...

465

ALUMINIUM REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY: IV: Lining and Cathodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Now, the finite element analysis techniques (FEA) are widely used in the ... The effect of this material on the ledge profile and thermal distribution were discussed

466

Processing & Applications IV: Radioactive Metals Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The compatibility between erbium oxide and molten cerium, as a surrogate for ... A key process step involving molten salt electrorefining to separate actinides ...

467

CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA FUSION REACTOR DESIGN IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

step and present large scale tokamak design groups should be encouraged. 3. The next reactor design (8th April 1984). These devices are the so called 'Large Tokamaks', because their parameters (Table 1 AND SYMPOSIA TABLE 1-1. CURRENT DATA BASE FOR LARGE TOKAMAKS Parameter/data TFTR JET JT-6O T-15 Major radius (m

Abdou, Mohamed

468

Materials Processing Fundamentals Symposium IV - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow field set up by the standard Hydro gas purging unit has been ... deducing dimensionless heat transfer correlations in liquid metals for natural and forced ...

469

Accuracy in Powder Diffraction IV Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Jacco van de Streek University of Copenhagen, Denmark ... Henning Friis Poulsen Technical University of Denmark, Denmark ...

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

470

Minnesota Agripower Project, Task IV research report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Economic analysis is being conducted by the Department of Applied Economics in support of Minnesota Alfalfa Producer`s development of alfalfa as a dedicated biomass feedstock for energy production. University Researchers have assisted in the development and implementation of inventory control systems and procedures. This report lists the tasks for which researchers are currently finalizing economic analysis. The tasks encompass three main areas: (1) optimization of feedstock transportation system, (2) analysis of market potential for new alfalfa products, and (3) total systems analysis.

Fruin, J.; Tiffany, D.

1997-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

471

TOTAL SES EK EN IV EN III  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

20.5% White Female 15 18.1% White Male 35 42.2% DISABILITY 2 2.4% VETERANS 18 21.7% DIVERSITY 26 48.5 YRS RETIREMENT GENDER AGE SPECIAL 20.8 YRS EDUCATION SUPERVISOR RATIO 10...

472

Table of Contents List of Tables iv  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

De ACA epart DEMI SELF JA tme IC PR F-STU ANUA nt o ROGR UDY R ARY f Hi RAM R REPO 2011 istor REVIE to the Program Review and CID and Recent Reforms 30 Current Structure of the Graduate Program 34 Recent Trends 41

473

MATERIALS FOR SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCES: IV: Neutronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy has initiated a pre-conceptual design study for the National Spallation Neutron Source (NSNS) and given preliminary approval for the ...

474

Unconventional gas sources. Volume IV. Geopressured brines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The following topics are covered: study objectives, regional geology and prospect evaluation, reservoir engineering, drilling and well costs, production and water disposal facilities, pressure maintenance, geothermal and hydraulic energy assessment, operating expense, economic evaluation, environmental considerations, legal considerations, and risks analysis. The study addresses only sandstone brine reservoirs in the Texas and Louisiana Gulf Coast onshore areas. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Dilute Oxygen Combustion Phase IV Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel furnace designs based on Dilute Oxygen Combustion (DOC) technology were developed under subcontract by Techint Technologies, Coraopolis, PA, to fully exploit the energy and environmental capabilities of DOC technology and to provide a competitive offering for new furnace construction opportunities. Capital cost, fuel, oxygen and utility costs, NOx emissions, oxide scaling performance, and maintenance requirements were compared for five DOC-based designs and three conventional air5-fired designs using a 10-year net present value calculation. A furnace direct completely with DOC burners offers low capital cost, low fuel rate, and minimal NOx emissions. However, these benefits do not offset the cost of oxygen and a full DOC-fired furnace is projected to cost $1.30 per ton more to operate than a conventional air-fired furnace. The incremental cost of the improved NOx performance is roughly $6/lb NOx, compared with an estimated $3/lb. NOx for equ8pping a conventional furnace with selective catalytic reduction (SCCR) technology. A furnace fired with DOC burners in the heating zone and ambient temperature (cold) air-fired burners in the soak zone offers low capital cost with less oxygen consumption. However, the improvement in fuel rate is not as great as the full DOC-fired design, and the DOC-cold soak design is also projected to cost $1.30 per ton more to operate than a conventional air-fired furnace. The NOx improvement with the DOC-cold soak design is also not as great as the full DOC fired design, and the incremental cost of the improved NOx performance is nearly $9/lb NOx. These results indicate that a DOC-based furnace design will not be generally competitive with conventional technology for new furnace construction under current market conditions. Fuel prices of $7/MMBtu or oxygen prices of $23/ton are needed to make the DOC furnace economics favorable. Niche applications may exist, particularly where access to capital is limited or floor space limitations are critical. DOC technology will continue to have a highly competitive role in retrofit applications requiring increases in furnace productivity.

Riley, M.F.

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

476

Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) Workbook IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex and versatile EMTP computer program can help utilities analyze electromagnetic transients, which affect the design and operation of power systems. A workbook published in 1986 introduced basic EMTP concepts. To guide advanced users, EPRI and the EMTP Development Coordination Group cosponsored the preparation of three workbooks on complicated program applications.BackgroundStudies of electromagnetic transients were traditionally performed with special ...

1989-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

477

Polarized proton target-IV. Operations manual  

SciTech Connect

Standard operating procedures are presented for the vacuum, cryogenic, and electronic systems of a polarized proton target. The systems are comprised of (1) a target cryostat; (2) a $sup 4$He pumping system; (3) a $sup 3$He pumping system; (4) a microwave system; (5) a magnet and power supply; (6) a computerized polarization monitor; and (7) miscellaneous auxiliary equipment. (PMA)

Hill, D.; Fletcher, O.; Moretti, A.; Onesto, F.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Carbon abundances of early B-type stars in the solar vicinity. Non-LTE line-formation for C II/III/IV and self-consistent atmospheric parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precise determinations of the chemical composition in early B-type stars consitute fundamental observational constraints on stellar and galactochemical evolution. Carbon is one of the most abundant metals in the Universe but analyses in early-type stars show inconclusive results, like large discrepancies between analyses of different lines in C II, a failure to establish the C II/III ionization balance and the derivation of systematically lower abundances than from other objects. We present a comprehensive and robust C II/III/IV model for non-LTE line-formation calculations based on carefully selected atomic data. The model is calibrated with high-S/N spectra of six apparently slow-rotating early B-type dwarfs and giants, which cover a wide parameter range and are randomly distributed in the solar neighbourhood. A self-consistent quantitative spectrum analysis is performed using an extensive iteration scheme to determine stellar atmospheric parameters and to select the appropriate atomic data used for the derivation of chemical abundances. We establish the carbon ionization balance for all sample stars based on a unique set of input atomic data, achieving consistency for all modelled lines. Highly accurate atmospheric parameters and a homogeneous carbon abundance with reduced systematic errors are derived. This results in a present-day stellar carbon abundance in the solar neighbourhood, which is in good agreement with recent determinations of the solar value and with the gas-phase abundance of the Orion H II region. The homogeneous present-day carbon abundance also conforms with predictions of chemical-evolution models for the Galaxy. The present approach allows us to constrain the effects of systematic errors on fundamental parameters and abundances. (abridged)

M. F. Nieva; N. Przybilla

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

479

Equilibrium relations in the system TiO{sub 2}/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and crystal structure of a NASICON-related vanadyl(V) titanium(IV) phosphate  

SciTech Connect

Vanadyl(V)-titanium-orthophosphate (V{sup V}O)Ti{sup IV}{sub 6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 9} is formed by solid state reactions in the temperature range 525{<=}{theta}{<=}780 Degree-Sign C. At higher temperature decomposition into V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and the hitherto unknown solid solution Ti(P{sub 1-x}V{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 7} (0{<=}x{<=}0.23; 0.30{<=}x{<=}0.43) is observed. The process of phase formation has been monitored by MAS-NMR ({sup 31}P, {sup 51}V) spectroscopy. Equilibrium phase relations in the quaternary system TiO{sub 2}/VO{sub 2.5}/PO{sub 2.5} have been determined. A structure analysis from X-ray single-crystal data (P6{sub 3}/m (No. 176), Z=2; a=8.4438(3) A, c=22.215(1) A, 14 independent atoms, 87 variables, 2066 unique reflections, R1=0.032, wR2=0.084) shows the relationship of (V{sup V}O)Ti{sup IV}{sub 6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 9} to the NASICON structure family. In marked contrast to the other members of this family [Ti{sup IV}{sub 2}O{sub 9}] double-octahedra and strongly distorted tetrahedral [(V{sup V}=O)O{sub 3}] groups are observed besides isolated [Ti{sup IV}O{sub 6}] octahedra and phosphate tetrahedra. The structure model is in agreement with the results from MAS-NMR ({sup 31}P, {sup 51}V) spectroscopy. - Graphical abstract: (V{sup V}O)Ti{sup IV}{sub 6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 9} belongs to the NASICON structure family. Its structure contains [Ti{sup IV}{sub 2}O{sub 9}] double-octahedra and unprecedented, strongly distorted tetrahedral [(V{sup V}=O)O{sub 3}] groups, in stark contrast to other members of this family. The structure model is in agreement with the results from MAS-NMR ({sup 31}P, {sup 51}V) spectroscopy. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Equilibrium relations for the subsolidus have been established for the system TiO{sub 2}/V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phase formation has been monitored by XRPD as well as by {sup 31}P- and {sup 51}-MAS-NMR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A solid solution Ti(P{sub 1-x}V{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 7} exists up to x=0.43 with a miscibility gap at 0.23{<=}x{<=}0.30. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure of the new NASICON-related phosphate (V{sup V}O)Ti{sup IV}{sub 6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 9} is reported. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystal structure contains the unprecedented [(V=O)O{sub 3}] group.

Titlbach, Sven; Hoffbauer, Wilfried [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie der Universitaet Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk-Str. 1, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie der Universitaet Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk-Str. 1, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Glaum, Robert, E-mail: rglaum@uni-bonn.de [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie der Universitaet Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk-Str. 1, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie der Universitaet Bonn, Gerhard-Domagk-Str. 1, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

The simulation of a 1-inch break loss-of-coolant accident at the ROSA-IV/AP600 test facility using RELAP5/AP600 test facility using RELAP5/MOD3.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During certification of the Advanced Passive 600 MWe Nuclear Reactor (AP600), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) contracted with the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) to conduct a series of confirmatory experiments at the Rig of Safety Assessment (ROSA-IV) Test Facility. The data from these experiments would provide: the response of the new AP600's passive safety systems and the data necessary to assess the ability of RELAP5/MOD3.2 thermal-hydraulic computer code to simulate the AP600 behavior during a small break loss-of-coolant accident. An experiment to simulate a I-inch break at the bottom of Loop B Cold Leg (APCL-03) was conducted. During the test thermal stratifications of 184' K and 123' K in Loop A and B Cold Legs, respectively, were observed. RELAP5/MOD3.2 is a one dimensional code is incapable of simulating this thermal stratification. To present this threedimensional phenomenon using RELAP5/MOD3.2 thermal-hydraulic code, a multi-stack noding approach was adopted. Two different nodalization techniques, split cold leg with cross-flow and split without cross-flow junctions, were performed. The nodalization patterns had little difference in calculating the temperatures in the cold legs. Split cold leg without cross-flow junctions nodalization was chosen for further study. The code predictions with the two-regions nodes produced thermal stratifications in Loop A and Loop B Cold Legs of 132' K and 74' K, respectively. This is approximately 50' K less than the maximum seen in AP-CL-03 measurement. This is due to only two regions being used. When the thermal interfaces do not lie along the centerline of the pipe, then an average of the temperatures above and below the interface are calculated. The most important information is the influence of the thermal stratification on the core collapsed liquid level. The nominal case showed a minimum value of 53% of the core covered, while with the other case a minimum value of 52% was obtained. With less than 1% difference, the splitting of the cold leg into a multi-stack nodes does not cause any significant deviations in estimating the collapsed liquid level of the core.

Piper, Robert Beverly

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z