National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for beta court reporting

  1. NOTICE: This opinion is subject to motions for rehearing under Rule 22 as well as formal revision before publication in the New Hampshire Reports. Readers are requested to notify the Reporter, Supreme Court of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    before publication in the New Hampshire Reports. Readers are requested to notify the Reporter, Supreme Court of New Hampshire, One Noble Drive, Concord, New Hampshire 03301, of any editorial errors in order://www.courts.state.nh.us/supreme. THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE ___________________________ Rockingham No. 2004-402 THE STATE OF NEW

  2. Drug Court Effectiveness: A Review of California Evaluation Reports, 1995-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guydish, Joseph R PhD; Wolfe, Ellen; Tajima, Barbara; Woods, William J

    2006-01-01

    Evaluation qfthe Oakland Drug Court Afur ?ue Ycan. Onklsnd.39; Journal ¢JP:ydIurclive Drugs 378 - -. ~z. ~. ;- Sa;;n"IDrug Courl::

  3. Report of the Court investigation of accident on the Tudor IV. Aircraft “Star Tiger” G-AHNP on the 30th January, 1948, held under Air Navigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    MINISTRY OF CIVIL AVIATION REPORT of the Court investigation of the accident to the Tudor IV. Aircraft "Star Tiger" G-AHNP on the 30th January, 1948, held under the Air Navigation (Investigation of Accidents) Regulations, 1922

  4. EleventhAve. McIntosh Court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    S.NineteenthAve. Branegan Court Gar eld St . College St . Paisley Court Paisley Court Family Housing

  5. Genetics in the courts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, Heather; Drell, Dan

    2000-12-01

    Various: (1)TriState 2000 Genetics in the Courts (2) Growing impact of the new genetics on the courts (3)Human testing (4) Legal analysis - in re G.C. (5) Legal analysis - GM ''peanots'', and (6) Legal analysis for State vs Miller

  6. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA -FRESNO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA - FRESNO CENTRAL VALLEY CHRYSLER Report, Abridged Text with all 48 Figures was submitted to United States District Court, Eastern District, decreased snow-pack in certain mountain ranges, increased strength of storms driven by latent heat

  7. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY COURT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    for the refurbishment of the MacRobert Building. RESTRUCTURING ­ NEXT STEPS 260 The Court received and considered

  8. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY COURT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    P Beaumont, Councillor P Johnston, Mr J Leiper, Mr M Lockhead, Ms C Macaslan, Mr D Marr, Councillor Marr, General Council Assessor on Court, had resigned from Court due to increasing pressures on his time from other commitments. The Court recorded its thanks and appreciation for Dr Marr's service

  9. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Supreme Court and Attorney General Buildings Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01

    The energy use of the Supreme Court and Attorney General buildings in Austin, Texas was analyzed using the D0E-2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for each building as specified in the building plans and the specifications...

  10. Structure, Stoichiometry and Stability in Magnetoplumbite and {beta}-Alumina Structured Type Ceramics. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cormack, A. N.

    2004-03-01

    Work has been completed on the atomistic simulation of hexa-aluminate ceramics with the magnetoplumbite and beta-alumina type structures. In this report, three aspects of the work are highlighted. One is the simulation of surface structures. The second concerns details of the interstitially mechanisms observed in molecular dynamics simulations. The novel result here is the observation that the lattice ion always leaves its Beevers-Ross site before the aBR interstitial begins to move towards the lattice site. It is also found that, as expected, the interstitial mechanism is the most common mechanism in the heavily disordered nonstoichiometric structure, as well as in the stoichiometric material. Finally, the disposition of trivalent europium in the phosphor material BAM has been elucidated.

  11. Comparison of COMETHE-IIIJ and FCODE-BETA fission gas-release predictions with measurements. Final report. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.; Rayes, L.; Rumble, E.; Wheeler, D.; Woods, A.

    1983-03-01

    This report describes a comparison of the Fission Product Gas Release (FGR) predictability of two LWR fuel rod modeling codes: COMETHE-IIIJ and FCODE-BETA. The comparison is made using 124 well characterized fuel rods with FGR measurements in the EPRI Fuel Performance Data Base.

  12. Environmental change: Federal courts and the EPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, R.

    1993-01-01

    This book presents the findings of a four-year study of the impact of federal court decisions on the policies and administration of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in all seven of its major statutory areas: clean air, clean water, hazardous waste cleanup, controlled pesticide use, resource conservation and recovery, safe drinking water, and control of toxic substances. The author use the Lexis and Westlaw legal data bases to generate a list of all cases in which the EPA was either a plaintiff or a defendant in each of the agency's seven major statutory areas. The author verified these data and at times supplemented them with EPA records and with environmental reporters published by the Bureau of National Affairs and the Environmental Law Institute. She derived settlement agreements from the EPA, the Department of Justice, and the courts.

  13. Assessment of SPEAR-FCODE-BETA for fuel licensing. Final report. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, E.R.; Lanning, D.D.; Fiero, I.B.; Freeburn, H.R.; Garde, A.M.; Krammen, M.A.; Rotondo, P.L.

    1983-03-01

    The EPRI FCODE-BETA fuel performance code is the mechanistic model portion for the SPEAR-BETA fuel reliability code, which was developed for EPRI by Entropy Limited. FCODE-BETA was assessed by Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, and Combustion Engineering, Inc., for adequacy in simulating fuel performance in fuel licensing proceedings. The assessment included a detailed review of those thermal and mechanical performance models of greatest importance to fuel licensing, including fission gas release, fuel temperatures, and cladding uniform strain. It was concluded that the code is inadequate for licensing calculations in its present form. Recommendations for modeling and usability improvements are made.

  14. Consensus Report of a Workshop on "Matrix elements for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2005-11-03

    This is the consensus of a Workshop on "Matrix elements for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay" held at the IPPP Durham (UK). The aim of this workshop has been to define a well planned, coherent strategy to reduce the errors on nuclear matrix element calculations for double beta decay to a level of 30% by performing the necessary measurements with currently existing and planned facilities. These measurements should provide reliable input for the theoretical calculations. The outcome of the workshop has been organised in working packages. The consensus might act as a starting point for an international coherent effort to achieve this goal.

  15. SPEAR-BETA fuel performance code system. Volume 1. General description. Final report. [BWR; PWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, R.

    1982-04-01

    This document provides a general description of the SPEAR-BETA fuel reliability code system. Included is a discussion of the methodology employed and the structure of the code system, as well as discussion of the major components: the data preparation routines, the mechanistic fuel performance model, the mechanistic cladding failure model, and the statistical failure model.

  16. Sustaining the natural and economical resources of the Lac Courte Oreilles, Leslie Isham; Jason Weaver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isham, Leslie; Weaver, Jason

    2013-09-30

    The Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, located in northwest Wisconsin has developed a project, entitled Sustaining the Natural and Economic Resources of the LCO Ojibwe. This technical report is a summary of the project.

  17. SPEAR-BETA fuel-performance code system: fission-gas-release module. Final report. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, R.

    1983-03-01

    The original SPEAR-BETA general description manual covers both mechanistic and statistical models for fuel reliability, but only mechanistic modeling of fission gas release. This addendum covers the SPEAR-BETA statistical model for fission gas release.

  18. State Liability for Environmental Violations: The U.S. Supreme Court’s 'New' Federalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glicksman, Robert L.; McAllister, Stephen R.

    1999-01-01

    This article examines whether the Supreme Court’s decisions in Alden v. Maine, College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board, and Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board v. College Savings Bank, restrict...

  19. The Federal Courts Improvement Act: a Practitioner's Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Rodney F.; Sward, Ellen E.

    1984-01-01

    The Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982 took effect on October 1, 1982. By combining the former Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate branch of the former Court of Claims, the statute created a new federal ...

  20. Final Report for DUSEL R&D: BetaCage: A Screener of Ultra-Low-Level Radioactive Surface Contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golwala, Sunil R.

    2013-12-20

    The eventual full-size, radiopure BetaCage will be a low-background, atmospheric-pressure neon drift chamber with unprecedented sensitivity to emitters of low-energy electrons and alpha particles. We expect that the prototype BetaCage already developed will be an excellent screener of alpha particles. Both the prototype and final BetaCage will provide new infrastructure for rare-event science.

  1. 75 years of double beta decay: yesterday, today and tomorrow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2011-01-24

    In this report I will briefly review the motivation and history of double beta decay search since the first consideration of two neutrino process (2$\\beta(2\

  2. The Courts in American Public Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silbey, Susan S.

    In American public imagination, courts are powerful but also impotent. They are guardians of citizens' rights but also agents of corporate wealth; simultaneously the least dangerous branch and the ultimate arbiters of ...

  3. District Courts as Patent Laboratories Jeanne C. Fromer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    307 District Courts as Patent Laboratories Jeanne C. Fromer* Introduction .....................................................................................................................307 I. The Federal Circuit's Supervisory Role in Patent Law..........................................308 II. District Courts as the Federal Circuit's Patent Laboratories..............................311

  4. The Individualist Court: Naked Public School, Clothed Public Square

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weissenberg, Brian Michael

    2012-01-01

    See for instance: Engel v. Vitale (1962), Abington Schooloft-cited case Engel v. Vitale (1962), where the Court ruled

  5. Creditor Claims in Arbitration and in Court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.; Zyontz, Samantha

    2011-01-01

    Association (AAA) as part of its consumer arbitration docket, supplemented by cases brought by a single debt buyer as part of a consumer debt collection program administered by the AAA. The court cases examined are a sample of cases seeking collection...

  6. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY COURT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    that there remained a considerable number of areas within the University that depended on the future success as the location of one of three Scottish Enterprise Intermediary Technology Institutes, namely the Energy for the financial year 2001-02 and noted the annual Report on Endowments. SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES ANNUAL ACCOUNTS 2001

  7. Beta Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT *BerkeleyBerkeley8 BestBestBeta

  8. ANU Staff seminar Thursday 15th Nov -The Court as Archive Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    ANU Staff seminar ­Thursday 15th Nov -The Court as Archive Project The role of Australian courts, such as the Federal Court, are responsible for the creation, curation and administration of access to an archive of a diverse society. For example, courts are guided by the civil law principle of `open court' that encourages

  9. Doug MacCourt | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryofNotices | Department of EnergyDoug MacCourt -

  10. Identifying Vulnerabilities and Critical Requirements Using Criminal Court Proceeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breaux, Travis D.

    , as applied to criminal court records to identify mitigating requirements that improve privacy protectionsIdentifying Vulnerabilities and Critical Requirements Using Criminal Court Proceeding Travis D,jdlewis,pnotto,anton}@ncsu.edu ABSTRACT Information systems governed by laws and regulations are subject to civil and criminal violations

  11. Identifying Vulnerabilities and Critical Requirements Using Criminal Court Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    and goal models, as applied to criminal court records to identify mitigating requirements. In a sustainableIdentifying Vulnerabilities and Critical Requirements Using Criminal Court Proceedings Travis D,jdlewis,pnotto,anton}@ncsu.edu Abstract Information systems governed by laws and regulations are subject to both civil and criminal

  12. Double beta decay: experiments and theory review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Nucciotti

    2007-07-28

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.

  13. Searches for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Schwingenheuer

    2012-01-24

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a lepton number violating process whose observation would also establish that neutrinos are their own anti-particles. There are many experimental efforts with a variety of techniques. Some (EXO, Kamland-Zen, GERDA phase I and CANDLES) started take data in 2011 and EXO has reported the first measurement of the half life for the double beta decay with two neutrinos of $^{136}$Xe. The sensitivities of the different proposals are reviewed.

  14. Double Beta Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nanal, Vandana [Dept. of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India)

    2011-11-23

    At present, neutrinoless double beta decay is perhaps the only experiment that can tell us whether the neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle. Given the significance of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}, there is a widespread interest for these rare event studies employing a variety of novel techniques. This paper describes the current status of DBD experiments. The Indian effort for an underground NDBD experiment at the upcoming INO laboratory is also presented.

  15. DOE PAGES Beta

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE PAGES Beta , DOE is * offering readers the best available versions of DOE-affiliated scholarly publications, either the version-of-record journal articles or the corresponding...

  16. Preliminary References — Analyzing the Determinants that Made the ECJ the Powerful Court it Is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornuf, Lars; Voigt, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    World Economic Outlook (WEO). HIGH COURTS: The number of2005), Eurostat Yearbooks, and WEO. JUDICAL REVIEW: Equals 1

  17. Neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2012-01-23

    The physics potential of neutrinoless double beta decay is discussed. Furthermore, experimental considerations are presented as well as the current status of experiments. Finally an outlook towards the future, work on nuclear matrix elements and alternative processes is given.

  18. The Variable Power of Courts: The Expansion of the Power of the Supreme Court of India in Fundamental Rights and Governance Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mate, Manoj S

    2010-01-01

    disclose financial and criminal records to voters. Court'sto issue financial and criminal record disclosure guidelines2003) Economic criminal record and financial antecedents for

  19. Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven R. Elliott; Petr Vogel

    2002-02-27

    The motivation, present status, and future plans of the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. It is argued that, motivated by the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, there is a reasonable hope that neutrinoless double beta decay corresponding to the neutrino mass scale suggested by oscillations, of about 50 meV, actually exists. The challenges to achieve the sensitivity corresponding to this mass scale, and plans to overcome them, are described.

  20. The search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Gomez-Cadenas; J. Martin-Albo; M. Mezzetto; F. Monrabal; M. Sorel

    2012-01-16

    In the last two decades the search for neutrinoless double beta decay has evolved into one of the highest priorities for understanding neutrinos and the origin of mass. The main reason for this paradigm shift has been the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which clearly established the existence of massive neutrinos. An additional motivation for conducting such searches comes from the existence of an unconfirmed, but not refuted, claim of evidence for neutrinoless double decay in $^{76}\\text{Ge}$. As a consequence, a new generation of experiments, employing different detection techniques and $\\beta\\beta$ isotopes, is being actively promoted by experimental groups across the world. In addition, nuclear theorists are making remarkable progress in the calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements, thus eliminating a substantial part of the theoretical uncertainties affecting the particle physics interpretation of this process. In this report, we review the main aspects of the double beta decay process and some of the most relevant experiments. The picture that emerges is one where searching for neutrinoless double beta decay is recognized to have both far-reaching theoretical implications and promising prospects for experimental observation in the near future.

  1. Lac Courte Oreilles Hydro Dam Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weaver, Jason; Meyers, Amy

    2014-12-31

    The main objective of this project was to investigate upgrading the existing hydro power generating system at the Winter Dam. The tribe would like to produce more energy and receive a fair market power purchase agreement so the dam is no longer a drain on our budget but a contributor to our economy. We contracted Kiser Hydro, LLC Engineering for this project and received an engineering report that includes options for producing more energy with cost effective upgrades to the existing turbines. Included in this project was a negotiation of energy price sales negotiations.

  2. Relation between the 2{nu}{beta}{beta} and 0{nu}{beta}{beta} nuclear matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogel, Petr [Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina F1, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2011-12-16

    A formal relation between the GT part of the nuclear matrix elements M{sub GT}{sup 0{nu}} of 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay and the closure matrix elements M{sub cl}{sup 2{nu}} of 2{nu}{beta}{beta} decay is established. This relation is based on the integral representation of these quantities in terms of their dependence on the distance r between the two nucleons undergoing transformation. We also discuss the difficulties in determining the correct values of the closure 2{nu}{beta}{beta} decay matrix elements.

  3. WHY SEARCH FOR DOUBLE BETA DECAY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayser, B.

    2010-01-01

    the search for neutrinoless double beta decay may prove verySearching for neutrinoless double beta decay is the onlysensitivity of neutrinoless double beta decay. The potential

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliviero Cremonesi

    2002-10-04

    Present status, and future plans for Double Beta Decay searches are reviewed. Given the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, a possibility to observe $\\beta\\beta(0\

  5. LHC optics commissioning at beta*40 cm and 60 cm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langner, Andy Sven; Coello De Portugal - Martinez Vazquez, Jaime Maria; Garcia-Tabares Valdivieso, Ana; Maclean, Ewen Hamish; Malina, Lukas; Persson, Tobias Hakan Bjorn; Mönig, Saskia; Salvachua Ferrando, Belen Maria; Skowronski, Piotr Krzysztof; Tomas Garcia, Rogelio; Wenninger, Jorg; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on the results of the beta* = 40 cm and = 60 cm optics commissioning for the LHC at 6.5TeV from MD blocks I and II.

  6. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich Päs; Werner Rodejohann

    2015-07-01

    We review the potential to probe new physics with neutrinoless double beta decay $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+2) + 2 e^-$. Both the standard long-range light neutrino mechanism as well as short-range mechanisms mediated by heavy particles are discussed. We also stress aspects of the connection to lepton number violation at colliders and the implications for baryogenesis.

  7. Neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel

    2006-11-17

    The status of the search for neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. The effort to reach the sensitivity needed to cover the effective Majorana neutrino mass corresponding to the degenerate and inverted mass hierarchy is described. Various issues concerning the theory (and phenomenology) of the relation between the $0\

  8. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Päs, Heinrich

    2015-01-01

    We review the potential to probe new physics with neutrinoless double beta decay $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+2) + 2 e^-$. Both the standard long-range light neutrino mechanism as well as short-range mechanisms mediated by heavy particles are discussed. We also stress aspects of the connection to lepton number violation at colliders and the implications for baryogenesis.

  9. Trichoderma .beta.-glucosidase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunn-Coleman, Nigel; Goedegebuur, Frits; Ward, Michael; Yao, Jian

    2006-01-03

    The present invention provides a novel .beta.-glucosidase nucleic acid sequence, designated bgl3, and the corresponding BGL3 amino acid sequence. The invention also provides expression vectors and host cells comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding BGL3, recombinant BGL3 proteins and methods for producing the same.

  10. Where are all the white kids?: the effects of race in juvenile court decision making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketchum, Paul Robert

    2008-10-10

    youth are overrepresented at every stage of the juvenile justice system, from initial police contact to incarceration (Snyder and Sickmund 2006; Feld 1999; Leonard, Pope and Feyerherm 1995) and that this overrepresentation continues into the criminal... and rural juvenile courts will be made to examine the institutional effects of changes in urban and to a lesser extent suburban juvenile courts in recent years (Feld 5 1999). Finally, court personnel must be interviewed as it is not enough to just sample...

  11. Voice v. Vote: The Supreme Court's Paradox of Political Participation in American Liberalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snickars, Eric Stephen

    2015-01-01

    107-155 (2002). These "blackout" periods constituted the 30U.S. Supreme Court struck this "blackout" provision that hadadvertisement, and corporate blackout provisions of the BCRA

  12. Supreme court agrees: FERC must regulate wholesale markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolak, Frank A.

    2008-08-15

    The author believes that wholesale markets in the United States would have a greater likelihood of ultimately benefiting consumers if the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission did not have the mandate under the Federal Power Act (FPA) to ensure that wholesale prices are ''just and reasonable.'' However, he continues to believe that the FERC cannot avoid having an ex post criteria for asssessing whether market prices are just and reasonable. Moreover, changes in the design and regulatory oversight of U.S. wholesale electricity markets in recent years, including the recent Supreme Court decision, have caused him to believe even more strongly in the guardrails-for-market-outcomes approach. Finally, several questions are addressed which relate to the pricing of fixed-price, long-term contracts and the impact of these obligations on the behavior of suppliers in short-term wholesale markets that are directly relevant to answering the two major questions that the Supreme Court remanded to FERC in its recent decision.

  13. The Variable Power of Courts: The Expansion of the Power of the Supreme Court of India in Fundamental Rights and Governance Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mate, Manoj S

    2010-01-01

    Supreme Court invalidated the Kerala Agrarian Relations ActBharati v. State of Kerala—Who Wins? (1974) S.C.C. (Jour. )Bharati v. State of Kerala in 1973. II. The Indian Legal

  14. The Cold War Court: a rhetorical analysis of the Supreme Court's debate concerning the American Communist Party in Dennis v. United States, 1951 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carcasson, Martin

    1998-01-01

    In the midst of the McCarthy era, eleven national leaders of the American Communist Party were arrested under the provisions of the Smith Act. Their case, Dennis v. United States, eventually rose to the Supreme Court, where ...

  15. Climate Action Plan 2010 2020 -adopted by the University Court of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnaufer, Achim

    Climate Action Plan 2010 ­ 2020 - adopted by the University Court of the University of Edinburgh 24 time? This Climate Action Plan is a work in progress. This version of the Plan takes the text Court to be implementation from January 2011. #12;The University of Edinburgh Climate Action Plan 2010 - 2020 Page 2 of 20

  16. Reformation of Justice of the Peace Courts: Case Studies in New York State and the Province of Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepage, Cory R.

    2011-01-01

    M. , & Ostrom, C.W. (2008). Ontario Justice of the PeaceM. , & Ostrom, C.W. (2008). Ontario Justice of the PeaceCenter for State Courts. Ontario Court of Justice. (2006).

  17. Rings in the Planetesimal Disk of Beta Pic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Kalas; J. Larwood; B. A. Smith; A. Schultz

    2000-01-13

    The nearby main sequence star Beta Pictoris is surrounded by an edge-on disk of dust produced by the collisional erosion of larger planetesimals. Here we report the discovery of substructure within the northeast extension of the disk midplane that may represent an asymmetric ring system around Beta Pic. We present a dynamical model showing that a close stellar flyby with a quiescient disk of planetesimals can create such rings, along with previously unexplained disk asymmetries. Thus we infer that Beta Pic's planetesimal disk was highly disrupted by a stellar encounter in the last hundred thousand years.

  18. Passivity Index for Switched System Technical Report of the ISIS Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Passivity Index for Switched System Design Technical Report of the ISIS Group at the University of Notre Dame ISIS-09-002 May, 2009 Michael J. McCourt and Panos J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical.J. McCourt and P.J. Antsaklis, "Passivity Index for Switched System Design," ISIS Technical Report

  19. Simultaneous beta and gamma spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farsoni, Abdollah T. (Corvallis, OR); Hamby, David M. (Corvallis, OR)

    2010-03-23

    A phoswich radiation detector for simultaneous spectroscopy of beta rays and gamma rays includes three scintillators with different decay time characteristics. Two of the three scintillators are used for beta detection and the third scintillator is used for gamma detection. A pulse induced by an interaction of radiation with the detector is digitally analyzed to classify the type of event as beta, gamma, or unknown. A pulse is classified as a beta event if the pulse originated from just the first scintillator alone or from just the first and the second scintillator. A pulse from just the third scintillator is recorded as gamma event. Other pulses are rejected as unknown events.

  20. BECCAV1.0 BETA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002318WKSTN00 Brain-Emulating Cognition and Control Architecture (BECCA) V1.0 beta  http://sourceforge.net/projects/becca 

  1. MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay DUSEL R&D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkerson, John F.

    2009-09-04

    The Majorana research and development is addressing key issues and risks related to the collaboration's goal of undertaking a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) in {sup 76}Ge using an array of hyper-pure Ge-diodes (HPGe). The observation of this decay would provide critical insight into our understanding of neutrinos, yielding definitive evidence that neutrinos are Majorana particles and providing information on the absolute mass of neutrinos. Achieving sensitivities to 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay half-lives on the order of 10{sup 26} years requires ultra-low backgrounds in the 2039 keV region where a 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay peak would be observed. The goal of our R&D program has been to demonstrate the feasibility of all components of Majorana and to provide an integrated evaluation framework, allowing for optimization of these components in terms of background, background suppression, and signal detection efficiency and acceptance. This report covers work carried out by Majorana collaboration members at the University of Washington as part of the overall Majorana collaboration activities. Specifically the Majorana group at the University of Washington was involved in moving forward on demonstrating technology for clean large-scale cryostats and mounting the HPGe crystals in low-mass holders. The UW activities included assistance in the procurement and assembly of an electroforming system for large size cryostats, and design and fabrication of prototype crystal mounting hardware.

  2. The Age of Beta Pic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Barrado y Navascues; J. R. Stauffer; I. Song; J-P. Caillault

    1999-05-19

    We have reanalyzed data for the proposed moving group associated with beta Pic in order to determine if the group (or part of it) is real, and, if so, to derive an improved age estimate for beta Pic. By using new, more accurate proper motions from PPM and Hipparcos and a few new radial velocities, we conclude that on kinematic grounds, two M dwarfs have space motions that coincide with that of beta Pic to within 1 km/s with small error bars. Based on a CM diagram derived from accurate photometry and Hipparcos parallaxes, these two possible proper-motion companions to beta Pic are very young; we derive an age of $\\sim$20 Myr by comparison to theoretical tracks from D'Antona & Mazzitelli. In fact, the proposed beta Pic companions comprise two of the three youngest M dwarfs in the sample of 160 dM stars for which we have data. The chromospheric and coronal activity of these two stars also confirm that they are quite young. We argue that the probability that two of the three youngest nearby M dwarfs would accurately share the space motion of beta Pic by chance is quite small, and therefore we believe that beta Pic and the two M dwarfs (GL 799 and GL 803) were formed together. The estimated age for beta Pic is then 20$\\pm$10 Myr.

  3. Predicting neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, M.; Villanova del Moral, A.; Valle, J.W.F. [AHEP Group, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular - C.S.I.C./Universitat de Valencia, Edificio Institutos de Paterna, Apt 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Ma, Ernest [Physics Department, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2005-11-01

    We give predictions for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate in a simple variant of the A{sub 4} family symmetry model. We show that there is a lower bound for the {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} amplitude even in the case of normal hierarchical neutrino masses, corresponding to an effective mass parameter vertical bar m{sub ee} vertical bar {>=}0.17{radical}({delta}m{sub ATM}{sup 2}). This result holds both for the CP conserving and CP violating cases. In the latter case we show explicitly that the lower bound on vertical bar m{sub ee} vertical bar is sensitive to the value of the Majorana phase. We conclude therefore that in our scheme, {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} may be accessible to the next generation of high sensitivity experiments.

  4. MEASURING PROTOPLANETARY DISK ACCRETION WITH H I PFUND {beta}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salyk, Colette [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Herczeg, Gregory J. [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at Peking University, Yi He Yuan Lu 5, Hai Dian Qu, Beijing 100871 (China); Brown, Joanna M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Blake, Geoffrey A. [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Mail Code 150-21, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Pontoppidan, Klaus M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Van Dishoeck, Ewine F., E-mail: csalyk@noao.edu [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

    2013-05-20

    In this work, we introduce the use of H I Pfund {beta} (Pf{beta}; 4.6538 {mu}m) as a tracer of mass accretion from protoplanetary disks onto young stars. Pf{beta} was serendipitously observed in NIRSPEC and CRIRES surveys of CO fundamental emission, amounting to a sample size of 120 young stars with detected Pf{beta} emission. Using a subsample of disks with previously measured accretion luminosities, we show that Pf{beta} line luminosity is well correlated with accretion luminosity over a range of at least three orders of magnitude. We use this correlation to derive accretion luminosities for all 120 targets, 65 of which are previously unreported in the literature. The conversion from accretion luminosity to accretion rate is limited by the availability of stellar mass and radius measurements; nevertheless, we also report accretion rates for 67 targets, 16 previously unmeasured. Our large sample size and our ability to probe high extinction values allow for relatively unbiased comparisons between different types of disks. We find that the transitional disks in our sample have lower than average Pf{beta} line luminosities, and thus accretion luminosities, at a marginally significant level. We also show that high Pf{beta} equivalent width is a signature of transitional disks with high inner disk gas/dust ratios. In contrast, we find that disks with signatures of slow disk winds have Pf{beta} luminosities comparable to those of other disks in our sample. Finally, we investigate accretion rates for stage I disks, including significantly embedded targets. We find that stage I and stage II disks have statistically indistinguishable Pf{beta} line luminosities, implying similar accretion rates, and that the accretion rates of stage I disks are too low to be consistent with quiescent accretion. Our results are instead consistent with both observational and theoretical evidence that stage I objects experience episodic, rather than quiescent, accretion.

  5. Renaissance culture at the court of James V, 1528-1542 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrea Susan

    1997-12-03

    This study of the cultural activities of the Scottish court in the adult reign of King James V reveals a vibrant, sophisticated and confident outlook, which was more closely integrated with the developments of the ...

  6. Court of the commissaries of Edinburgh: consistorial law and litigation, 1559 – 1576 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Thomas Matthew

    2010-11-26

    This thesis examines the appointment of the Commissaries of Edinburgh, the court over which they presided, and their consistorial jurisdiction during the era of the Scottish Reformation. It is argued that the Commissaries ...

  7. Genocidal Rape in Bosnia: Redress in United States Courts under the Alien Tort Claims Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yolanda S.

    1993-01-01

    STATES COURTS UNDER THE ALIEN TORT CLAIMS ACT Yolanda S. Wu*of any civil action by an alien for tort only, commit- 3.focuses on application of the Alien Tort Claims Act to focus

  8. 1TRUETIME, INC. 2835 DUKE COURT SANTA ROSA, CA 95407 WEB www.truetime.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    1TRUETIME, INC. · 2835 DUKE COURT · SANTA ROSA, CA 95407 WEB www.truetime.com (707) 528-1230 · FAX, CA 95407 WEB www.truetime.com (707) 528-1230 · FAX (707) 527-6640 E-MAIL truetime

  9. The Return of Reasonableness: Saving the Fourth Amendment from the Supreme Court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Melanie D.

    2008-01-01

    The Supreme Court's Fourth Amendment jurisprudence has been oft criticized. The criticism is not surprising or undeserved. After all, the express language of the Fourth Amendment requires that the government act reasonably ...

  10. Enforceability of Labor Law: Evidence from a Labor Court in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, David; Sadka, Joyce

    2008-01-01

    Paper No. 2450. [12] Kaplan, David S. , Gabriel MartínezWorking Paper No. 4433. [13] Kaplan, David S. , Joyce Sadka,Court in Mexico ? David S. Kaplan † Enterprise Analysis Unit

  11. Patent Amicus Briefs: What the Courts' Friends Can Teach Us About the Patent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    397 Patent Amicus Briefs: What the Courts' Friends Can Teach Us About the Patent System Colleen V....................................................................................................410 IV. Analysis of Patent Amicus Briefs ..........................................................................412 A. Patent "Insiders" Dominate Amicus Filings............................................412 1

  12. 17.245 The Supreme Court, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights, Fall 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghachem, Malick

    This course introduces students to the work of the Supreme Court and to the main outlines of American constitutional law, with an emphasis on the development of American ideas about civil rights. The goal of the course is ...

  13. No. 01-1605 In the Supreme Court of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    No. 01-1605 In the Supreme Court of the United States IN RE GARY A. TAYLOR, PETITIONER ON PETITION Attorney General MICHAEL R. DREEBEN Deputy Solicitor General MATTHEW D. ROBERTS Assistant to the Solicitor

  14. Flexing Judicial Muscle: An Empirical Study of Judicial Activism in the Federal Courts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2011-01-01

    Empirical scholarship about judicial activism has focused on the United States Supreme Court, relied upon subjective coding of individual cases as “activist” or “restrained,” and only examined instances when the federal judiciary invalidated...

  15. Creation of a State Tax Court Would Be a Step Backwards for Taxpayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonetto, Gerald M.

    2010-01-01

    a Step Backwards for Taxpayers Gerald M. Bonetto CaliforniaA California Tax Court: A Step Backwards for Taxpayersand taxpayer. A taxpayer should be able to seek a ruling

  16. 0{nu}{beta}{beta}: The experimental challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferroni, Fernando [Sapienza Universita' and INFN Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2010-11-24

    This paper describes the main experimental issues related to neutrinoless double beta decay searches. It discusses, although briefly, the past, present and future of this exciting, fundamental but extremely complex field of research.

  17. Is Adjudication a Public Good?: “Overcrowded Courts” and the Private-Sector Alternative of Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ware, Stephen J.

    2013-07-11

    \\\\jciprod01\\productn\\C\\CAC\\14-3\\CAC313.txt unknown Seq: 1 30-APR-13 15:32 IS ADJUDICATION A PUBLIC GOOD? “OVERCROWDED COURTS” AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR ALTERNATIVE OF ARBITRATION Stephen J. Ware* I. INTRODUCTION Courts are underfunded, dockets... in the nation because of the extraordinary number of vacant federal judicial positions and the problems associated with delayed judicial appointment, dangerously crowded dockets, suspended civil case dockets, burgeoning criminal caseloads, overburdened judges...

  18. Variants of beta-glucosidases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fidantsef, Ana (Davis, CA); Lamsa, Michael (Davis, CA); Clancy, Brian Gorre (Elk Grove, CA)

    2008-08-19

    The present invention relates to variants of a parent beta-glucosidase, comprising a substitution at one or more positions corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 703 of amino acids 1 to 842 of SEQ ID NO: 2 or corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 705 of amino acids 1 to 844 of SEQ ID NO: 70, wherein the variant has beta-glucosidase activity. The present invention also relates to nucleotide sequences encoding the variant beta-glucosidases and to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the nucleotide sequences.

  19. Variants of beta-glucosidase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fidantsef, Ana; Lamsa, Michael; Gorre-Clancy, Brian

    2015-07-14

    The present invention relates to variants of a parent beta-glucosidase, comprising a substitution at one or more positions corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 703 of amino acids 1 to 842 of SEQ ID NO: 2 or corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 705 of amino acids 1 to 844 of SEQ ID NO: 70, wherein the variant has beta-glucosidase activity. The present invention also relates to nucleotide sequences encoding the variant beta-glucosidases and to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the nucleotide sequences.

  20. Variants of beta-glucosidases

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fidantsef, Ana; Lamsa, Michael; Gorre-Clancy, Brian

    2014-10-07

    The present invention relates to variants of a parent beta-glucosidase, comprising a substitution at one or more positions corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 703 of amino acids 1 to 842 of SEQ ID NO: 2 or corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 705 of amino acids 1 to 844 of SEQ ID NO: 70, wherein the variant has beta-glucosidase activity. The present invention also relates to nucleotide sequences encoding the variant beta-glucosidases and to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the nucleotide sequences.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroaki Sugiyama

    2003-07-25

    A brief overview is given of theoretical analyses with neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Theoretical bounds on the ``observable'', _betabeta, are presented. By using experimental bounds on _betabeta, allowed regions are obtained on the m_l-cos{2theta_12} plane, where m_l stands for the lightest neutrino mass. It is shown that Majorana neutrinos can be excluded by combining possible results of future neutrinoless double beta decay and {}^3H beta decay experiments. A possibility to constrain one of two Majorana phases is discussed also.

  2. Variants of beta-glucosidase

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fidantsef, Ana (Davis, CA); Lamsa, Michael (Davis, CA); Gorre-Clancy, Brian (Elk Grove, CA)

    2009-12-29

    The present invention relates to variants of a parent beta-glucosidase, comprising a substitution at one or more positions corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 703 of amino acids 1 to 842 of SEQ ID NO: 2 or corresponding to positions 142, 183, 266, and 705 of amino acids 1 to 844 of SEQ ID NO: 70, wherein the variant has beta-glucosidase activity. The present invention also relates to nucleotide sequences encoding the variant beta-glucosidases and to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the nucleotide sequences.

  3. Beta-gamma discriminator circuit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erkkila, B.H.; Wolf, M.A.; Eisen, Y.; Unruh, W.P.; Brake, R.J.

    1984-01-01

    The major difficulty encountered in the determination of beta-ray dose in field conditions is generally the presence of a relatively high gamma-ray component. Conventional dosimetry instruments use a shield on the detector to estimate the gamma-ray component in comparison with the beta-ray component. More accurate dosimetry information can be obtained from the measured beta spectrum itself. At Los Alamos, a detector and discriminator circuit suitable for use in a portable spectrometer have been developed. This instrument will discriminate between gammas and betas in a mixed field. The portable package includes a 256-channel MCA which can be programmed to give a variety of outputs, including a spectral display, and may be programmed to read dose directly.

  4. Beta particle monitor for surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, D.W.

    1997-10-21

    A beta radiation detector which is capable of reliably detecting beta radiation emitted from a surface. An electrically conductive signal collector is adjustably mounted inside an electrically conductive enclosure which may define a single large opening for placing against a surface. The adjustable mounting of the electrically conductive signal collector can be based on the distance from the surface or on the expected beta energy range. A voltage source is connected to the signal collector through an electrometer or other display means for creating an electric field between the signal collector and the enclosure. Air ions created by the beta radiation are collected and the current produced is indicated on the electrometer or other display means. 2 figs.

  5. Beta particle monitor for surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, Duncan W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1997-01-01

    A beta radiation detector which is capable of reliably detecting beta radiation emitted from a surface. An electrically conductive signal collector is adjustably mounted inside an electrically conductive enclosure which may define a single large opening for placing against a surface. The adjustable mounting of the electrically conductive signal collector can be based on the distance from the surface or on the expected beta energy range. A voltage source is connected to the signal collector through an electrometer or other display means for creating an electric field between the signal collector and the enclosure. Air ions created by the beta radiation are collected and the current produced is indicated on the electrometer or other display means.

  6. Hydrocracking process using zeolite beta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angevine, P.J.; Mitchell, K.M.; Oleck, S.M.; Shih, S.S.

    1986-09-16

    A process is described for the hydrocracking and dewaxing of a petroleum fraction comprising waxy components boiling above 345/sup 0/C., which comprises passing the fraction over a hydrocracking catalyst comprising zeolite beta and a matrix material in the presence of hydrogen and under hydrocracking conditions, the proportion of zeolite beta in the hydrocracking catalyst increasing in the direction in which the fraction is passed.

  7. The use of Geant4 for simulations of a plastic beta-detector and its application to efficiency calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Golovko; V. E. Iacob; J. C. Hardy

    2008-06-15

    Precise beta-branching-ratio measurements are required in order to determine ft-values as a part of our program to test the Electroweak Standard Model via unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Moskawa matrix. For the measurements to be useful in this test, their precision must be close to 0.1 %. In a branching-ratio measurement, we position the radioactive sample between a thin plastic scintillator used to detect beta-particles, and a HPGe detector for gamma-rays. Both beta singles and beta-gamma coincidences are recorded. Although the branching ratio depends most strongly on the HPGe detector efficiency, it has some sensitivity to the energy dependence of the beta-detector efficiency. We report here on a study of our beta-detector response function, which used Monte Carlo calculations performed by the Geant4 toolkit. Results of the simulations are compared to measured beta-spectra from several standard beta-sources.

  8. Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duerr, Michael [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2012-07-27

    Neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular, we will discuss the relation between 0{nu}{beta}{beta} and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter-Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore, we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate 0{nu}{beta}{beta} from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope, i.e., within one experiment.

  9. Fundamental processes in the interacting boson model: 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iachello, F. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States); Barea, J. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

    2011-05-06

    A program to calculate nuclear matrix elements for fundamental processes in the interacting boson model has been initiated. Results for the nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay 0{nu}{beta}{beta} are presented.

  10. Predicting Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hirsch; Ernest Ma; J. W. F. Valle; A. Villanova del Moral

    2005-07-12

    We give predictions for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate in a simple variant of the A_4 family symmetry model. We show that there is a lower bound for the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude even in the case of normal hierarchical neutrino masses, corresponding to an effective mass parameter |m_{ee}| >= 0.17 \\sqrt{\\Delta m^2_{ATM}}. This result holds both for the CP conserving and CP violating cases. In the latter case we show explicitly that the lower bound on |m_{ee}| is sensitive to the value of the Majorana phase. We conclude therefore that in our scheme, neutrinoless double beta decay may be accessible to the next generation of high sensitivity experiments.

  11. New Limit on Time-Reversal Violation in Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mumm, H. P.; Chupp, T. E.; Cooper, R. L.; Coulter, K. P.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; Garcia, A.; Jones, G. L.; Nico, J. S.; Thompson, A. K.; Trull, C. A.; Wietfeldt, F. E.; Wilkerson, J. F.

    2011-09-02

    We report the results of an improved determination of the triple correlation DP{center_dot}(p{sub e}xp{sub v}) that can be used to limit possible time-reversal invariance in the beta decay of polarized neutrons and constrain extensions to the standard model. Our result is D=[-0.96{+-}1.89(stat){+-}1.01(sys)]x10{sup -4}. The corresponding phase between g{sub A} and g{sub V} is {phi}{sub AV}=180.013 deg. {+-}0.028 deg. (68% confidence level). This result represents the most sensitive measurement of D in nuclear {beta} decay.

  12. Status and prospects of searches for neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Schwingenheuer

    2012-10-28

    The simultaneous beta decay of two neutrons in a nucleus without the emission of neutrinos (called neutrinoless double beta decay) is a lepton number violating process which is not allowed in the Standard Model of particle physics. More than a dozen experiments using different candidate isotopes and a variety of detection techniques are searching for this decay. Some (EXO-200, Kamland-Zen, GERDA) started to take data recently. EXO and Kamland-Zen have reported first limits of the half life $T_{1/2}^{0\

  13. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Zuber

    2006-10-04

    The study of neutrinoless double beta decay is of outmost importance for neutrino physics. It is considered to be the gold plated channel to probe the fundamental character of neutrinos and to determine the neutrino mass. From the experimental point about nine different isotopes are explored for the search. After a general introduction follows a short discussion on nuclear matrix element calculations and supportive measurements. The current experimental status of double beta searches is presented followed by a short discussion of the ideas and proposals for large scale experiments.

  14. Beta ray flux measuring device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Impink, Jr., Albert J. (Murrysville, PA); Goldstein, Norman P. (Murrysville, PA)

    1990-01-01

    A beta ray flux measuring device in an activated member in-core instrumentation system for pressurized water reactors. The device includes collector rings positioned about an axis in the reactor's pressure boundary. Activated members such as hydroballs are positioned within respective ones of the collector rings. A response characteristic such as the current from or charge on a collector ring indicates the beta ray flux from the corresponding hydroball and is therefore a measure of the relative nuclear power level in the region of the reactor core corresponding to the specific exposed hydroball within the collector ring.

  15. Coal in court: Whitehaven, climate change and civil disobedience http://theconversation.com/coal-in-court-whitehaven-climate-change-and-civil-disobedience-15991[19/07/2013 2:37:22 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    + Energy Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Election FactCheck Coal in courtCoal in court: Whitehaven, climate change and civil disobedience http://theconversation.com/coal Future Fellow working on a project entitled "Intellectual Property and Climate Change: Inventing Clean

  16. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John N.

    2009-01-01

    Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Rev. ),” ina next generation neutrinoless double beta decay search andPARTICLES? NO NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY AND INVERTED

  17. A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Adam Douglas

    2010-01-01

    far unobserved, neutrinoless double beta decay is a possibleright for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 130 Te. Thisprocess, with neutrinoless double beta decay being the most

  18. Short-range correlations and neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kortelainen; O. Civitarese; J. Suhonen; J. Toivanen

    2007-01-18

    In this work we report on the effects of short-range correlations upon the matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay. We focus on the calculation of the matrix elements of the neutrino-mass mode of neutrinoless double beta decays of 48Ca and 76Ge. The nuclear-structure components of the calculation, that is the participant nuclear wave functions, have been calculated in the shell-model scheme for 48Ca and in the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation (pnQRPA) scheme for 76Ge. We compare the traditional approach of using the Jastrow correlation function with the more complete scheme of the unitary correlation operator method (UCOM). Our results indicate that the Jastrow method vastly exaggerates the effects of short-range correlations on the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements.

  19. Integrated beta and gamma radiation dose calculations for the ferrocyanide waste tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parra, S.A.

    1994-11-30

    This report contains the total integrated beta and gamma radiation doses in all the ferrocyanide waste tanks. It also contains estimated gamma radiation dose rates for all single-shell waste tanks containing a liquid observation well.

  20. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of [superscript 130]Te with CUORE-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfonso, K.

    We report the results of a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in a 9.8 kg yr exposure of [superscript 130]Te using a bolometric detector array, CUORE-0. The characteristic detector energy resolution and background ...

  1. Classifications, Social Contracts, Obligations, Civil Rights, and the Supreme Court: Sutton v. United Air Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford

    2001-01-01

    assist the person to mitigate the effects of the disability. Fourth, what kind of civil rights protections can people with disabilities expect from law anid society today? That's a very current and controversial question. What does the United States... Supreme Court have to say in answer to these four questions? As one of the nation's three most powerful policy-making bodies (the president and Con- gress being the other two), the relevant views of a majority of the Court certainlv warrant our attention...

  2. Constraining neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Dorame; D. Meloni; S. Morisi; E. Peinado; J. W. F. Valle

    2011-11-23

    A class of discrete flavor-symmetry-based models predicts constrained neutrino mass matrix schemes that lead to specific neutrino mass sum-rules (MSR). We show how these theories may constrain the absolute scale of neutrino mass, leading in most of the cases to a lower bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay effective amplitude.

  3. Nuclear matrix elements for double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim Rodin

    2009-10-30

    The present status of calculations of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. A proposal which allows in principle to measure the neutrinoless double beta decay Fermi matrix element is briefly described.

  4. Characteristics of beta detection and dose measurement at Department of Energy facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulvehill, J.M.; Brackenbush, L.W.

    1987-02-01

    This report considers the current state of the art of beta dosimetry practices and beta detection methods used by health physicists at US Department of Energy facilities. This information is based on a survey of DOE facilities. Beta measurements are technically difficult and innovative efforts must be expended to improve their accuracy. Perhaps the most pronounced problem is that beta dosimetry and instrumentation in use are highly energy and angular dependent. Many believe that beta exposures are adequately controlled because beta to photon ratios are assumed to be low. This assumption is not always valid as demonstrated by the accident at Three Mile Island (TMI). Significant beta doses exist where personnel are exposed to mixed fission products; for example, chemical reprocessing plants, reactor accidents, or where uranium metals are processed. This report is part of an effort to increase the DOE response to this technically difficult area of health protection. Problem areas are addressed and methods recommended to improve beta dosimetry through a cooperative effort among the various DOE contractors. 34 refs., 2 figs., 16 tabs.

  5. SUTTIP V.0.1 BETA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002915WKSTN00 Sandia Unstructured Triangle Tabular Interpolation Package v 0.1 beta  ihttps://software.sandia.gov/ 

  6. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morant, Marc Dominique

    2014-05-06

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity, beta-xylosidase activity, or beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  7. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and beta-xylosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morant, Marc Dominique

    2014-04-29

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity, beta-xylosidase activity, or beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  8. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and beta-xylosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morant, Marc Dominique

    2014-05-06

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity, beta-xylosidase activity, or beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  9. Op Erations Management 2207 Operations Court mobile 787-231-2967

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). · Managed 5 Assistant Managers (Administration, Operations, Technology, Recruiting and Quality) as directOp Erations Management 2207 Operations Court mobile 787-231-2967 Fort Collins, CO, 80525 www.LinkedIn.com\\in\\OpErations Op.Erations@gmail.com OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT PROFILE Domestic / International MBA US Citizen Highly

  10. Beauty Fades: An Experimental Study of Federal Court Design Patent Aesthetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2012-01-01

    determination of validity or infringement, with every design patent at issue therein classified as valid or invalid and infringed or not infringed. In a controlled experiment, human subjects rated the attractiveness of all designs at issue in all of these court...

  11. Revenge and Responsibility in Contemporary War Crimes and Courts-Martial 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, April

    2012-02-14

    ................................................ 5 What Is Revenge? ........................................................................ 5 Revenge in Vietnam ..................................................................... 5 Revenge in Iraq...? and this ?passionate response [is] graduated in intensity? (Durkheim 1984: 44, 47). Durkheim expanded on this by stating ?we need only observe how punishment operates in the law-courts to acknowledge that its motivating force is entirely emotional...

  12. The Richard Linn American Inn of Court Mark T. Banner Scholarship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulsen, Vern

    . Banner Scholarship review board based on the following criteria: · Commitment to the pursuit of a career of The Richard Linn American Inn of Court's commitment to fostering the development of intellectual property. Eligibility Law students who have entered into a JD program at an ABA-accredited law school in the United

  13. Ltourneau c. JTI-MacDonald Corp. 2015 QCCS 2382 SUPERIOR COURT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullen, Kathy T.

    Létourneau c. JTI-MacDonald Corp. 2015 QCCS 2382 SUPERIOR COURT (Class Action Division) CANADA PROVINCE OF QUÉBEC DISTRICT OF MONTREAL N° : 500-06-000076-980 500-06-000070-983 DATE : June 9, 2015 ________________________________________________________________ PRESIDING: THE HONORABLE BRIAN RIORDAN, J.S.C

  14. Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Following the U.S . Supreme Court's Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Following the U.S . Supreme Court's Decision in Rapanos v. United the jurisdiction over waters of the United States under the Clean Water Act. 3 The chart below summarizes the key will assert jurisdiction over the following waters: " Traditional navigable waters " Wetlands adjacent

  15. Law on the Market? Evaluating the Securities Market Impact of Supreme Court Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Daniel Martin; Soellinger, Tyler; Chen, James Ming

    2015-01-01

    Do judicial decisions affect the securities markets in discernible and perhaps predictable ways? In other words, is there "law on the market" (LOTM)? This is a question that has been raised by commentators, but answered by very few in a systematic and financially rigorous manner. Using intraday data and a multiday event window, this large scale event study seeks to determine the existence, frequency and magnitude of equity market impacts flowing from Supreme Court decisions. We demonstrate that, while certainly not present in every case, "law on the market" events are fairly common. Across all cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States between the 1999-2013 terms, we identify 79 cases where the share price of one or more publicly traded company moved in direct response to a Supreme Court decision. In the aggregate, over fifteen years, Supreme Court decisions were responsible for more than 140 billion dollars in absolute changes in wealth. Our analysis not only contributes to our understanding of ...

  16. No. 01-1623 In the Supreme Court of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    . TAYLOR, PETITIONERS ON PETITION FOR A WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS of Record MICHAEL CHERTOFF Assistant Attorney General MICHAEL R. DREEBEN Deputy Solicitor General MATTHEW D) ................................................................................ 3 Clark v. Johnson, 278 F.3d 459 (5th Cir. 2002), petition for cert. pending sub. nom. In re Taylor

  17. Archaeological investigation of the Court Kiva in Chaco Canyon using geophysical methods Cericia Martinez*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -invasive, geophysical techniques. Due to the non-invasive nature of magnetic, electrical and electromagnetic data as park approval is granted. The data and interpretation from a component of this project is the focus and subsequently backfilled for preservation purposes. There is very little record of the Court Kiva's excavation

  18. SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK COUNTY OF NEW YORK: COMMERCIAL PART 53

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK COUNTY OF NEW YORK: COMMERCIAL PART 53 THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK By DENNIS C. VACCO, Attorney General of the State of New York Petitioner, -against General of the State of New York (the "Attorney General" or the "State of New York"), pursuant to New York

  19. --Accepted for publication in Knowledge Based Systems --Title: Entrainment, Dominance and Alliance in Supreme Court Hearings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benus, Stefan

    -- Accepted for publication in Knowledge Based Systems -- Title: Entrainment, Dominance by examining the role of entrainment -- - the propensity of conversational partners to behave like one another Court in the 2001 term. We examine several different measures of entrainment in justice-lawyer pairs

  20. Development of Cryogenic Bolometer for 0{nu}{beta}{beta} in {sup 124}Sn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Vivek; Mathimalar, S.; Dokania, Neha [INO, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Yashwant, G.; Nanal, V.; Pillay, R. G. [Dept. of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Datar, V. M. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2011-11-23

    Cryogenic bolometer detectors, with their high resolution spectroscopy capability, are ideal for neutrino mass experiments as well as for search of rare processes like neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) and dark matter. A feasibility study for investigation of 0{nu}{beta}{beta} in {sup 124}Sn at the upcoming underground facility of India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) has been initiated. This paper describes endeavors towards cryogenic tin bolometer development.

  1. 0v{beta}{beta} decay: theoretical nuclear matrix elements and their covariances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisi, Eligio [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari (Italy)

    2009-11-09

    Within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA), the covariances associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay (0v{beta}{beta}) are estimated. It is shown that correlated NME uncertainties play an important role in the comparison of 0v{beta}{beta} decay rates for different nuclei, both in the standard case of light Majorana neutrino exchange, and in nonstandard physics cases.

  2. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto Garfagnini

    2014-08-11

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is the only process known so far able to test the neutrino intrinsic nature: its experimental observation would imply that the lepton number is violated by two units and prove that neutrinos have a Majorana mass components, being their own anti-particle. While several experiments searching for such a rare decay have been performed in the past, a new generation of experiments using different isotopes and techniques have recently released their results or are taking data and will provide new limits, should no signal be observed, in the next few years to come. The present contribution reviews the latest public results on double beta decay searches and gives an overview on the expected sensitivities of the experiments in construction which will be able to set stronger limits in the near future.

  3. Constraints on light neutrino parameters derived from the study of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabin Stoica; Andrei Neacsu

    2014-05-02

    The study of the neutrinoless double beta ($0 \\beta\\beta$) decay mode can provide us with important information on the neutrino properties, particularly on the electron neutrino absolute mass. In this work we revise the present constraints on the neutrino mass parameters derived from the $0 \\beta\\beta$ decay analysis of the experimentally interesting nuclei. We use the latest results for the phase space factors (PSFs) and nuclear matrix elements (NMEs), as well as for the experimental lifetimes limits. For the PSFs we use values computed with an improved method reported very recently. For the NMEs we use values chosen from literature on a case-by-case basis, taking advantage of the consensus reached by the community on several nuclear ingredients used in their calculation. Thus, we try to restrict the range of spread of the NME values calculated with di?erent methods and, hence, to reduce the uncertainty in deriving limits for the Majorana neutrino mass parameter. Our results may be useful to have an up-date image on the present neutrino mass sensitivities associated with $0 \\beta\\beta$ measurements for different isotopes and to better estimate the range of values of the neutrino masses that can be explored in the future double beta decay (DBD) experiments.

  4. arXiv:hep-ex/0211071v325Feb2003 A Calorimetric Search on Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and on the neutrinoless double beta decay of 128Te to the ground state of 128Xe are also reported and discussed limit of 2.1× 1023 years has been obtained at the 90 % C.L. on the lifetime for neutrinoless double beta decay of 130Te . In terms of effective neutrino mass this leads to the most restrictive limit in direct

  5. Beta

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura| National2.11DESERT *BerkeleyBerkeley8 BestBest ofWhat

  6. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in $^{136}$Xe with EXO-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Auger; D. J. Auty; P. S. Barbeau; E. Beauchamp; V. Belov; C. Benitez-Medina; M. Breidenbach; T. Brunner; A. Burenkov; B. Cleveland; S. Cook; T. Daniels; M. Danilov; C. G. Davis; S. Delaquis; R. deVoe; A. Dobi; M. J. Dolinski; A. Dolgolenko; M. Dunford; W. Fairbank Jr.; J. Farine; W. Feldmeier; P. Fierlinger; D. Franco; G. Giroux; R. Gornea; K. Graham; G. Gratta; C. Hall; K. Hall; C. Hargrove; S. Herrin; M. Hughes; A. Johnson; T. N. Johnson; A. Karelin; L. J. Kaufman; A. Kuchenkov; K. S. Kumar; D. S. Leonard; F. Leonard; D. Mackay; R. MacLellan; M. Marino; B. Mong; M. Montero Diez; A. R. Muller; R. Neilson; R. Nelson; A. Odian; I. Ostrovskiy; K. O'Sullivan; C. Ouellet; A. Piepke; A. Pocar; C. Y. Prescott; K. Pushkin; P. C. Rowson; J. J. Russell; A. Sabourov; D. Sinclair; S. Slutsky; V. Stekhanov; T. Tolba; D. Tosi; K. Twelker; P. Vogel; J. -L. Vuilleumier; A. Waite; T. Walton; M. Weber; U. Wichoski; J. Wodin; J. D. Wright; L. Yang; Y. -R. Yen; O. Ya. Zeldovich

    2012-07-20

    We report on a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{136}$Xe with EXO-200. No signal is observed for an exposure of 32.5 kg-yr, with a background of ~1.5 x 10^{-3} /(kg yr keV) in the $\\pm 1\\sigma$ region of interest. This sets a lower limit on the half-life of the neutrinoless double-beta decay $T_{1/2}^{0\

  7. Method for preparing Pb-. beta. ''-alumina ceramic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hellstrom, E.E.

    1984-08-30

    A process is disclosed for preparing impermeable, polycrystalline samples of Pb-..beta..''-alumina ceramic from Na-..beta..''-alumina ceramic by ion exchange. The process comprises two steps. The first step is a high-temperature vapor phase exchange of Na by K, followed by substitution of Pb for K by immersing the sample in a molten Pb salt bath. The result is a polycrystalline Pb-..beta..''-alumina ceramic that is substantially crack-free.

  8. First forbidden beta decay in light nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Millener, D.J.; Warburton, E.K.

    1984-01-01

    Beta decay matrix elements for the operators sigma dot del and sigma dot r are calculated for eight J/sup +/ ..-->.. J/sup -/ or J/sup -/ ..-->.. J/sup +/ beta transitions. Results using harmonic oscillator wave functions differ markedly from those using more realistic Woods-Saxon wave functions. A substantial contribution to the sigma dot del matrix elements from pion exchange currents is required to reproduce the experimental beta decay rates. 15 references.

  9. "You Really Are Playing with People's Lives": Understanding Voice and Advocacy in the Court Appointed Special Advocate Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, Shelly N.

    2012-10-19

    In 1977, a Seattle judge, exasperated at having to make life-altering decisions for children with little information, founded the Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) program. In 2010, 75,000 people in 49 states volunteered ...

  10. BECCA V0.1 BETA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002399MLTPL00 Brain-Emulating Cognition and Control Architecture (BECCA) v. 0.2 beta  http://becca.sourceforge.net 

  11. Beta cell device using icosahedral boride compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Aselage, Terrence L. (62 Avenida Del Sol, Cedar Crest, NM 87008); Emin, David (1502 Harvard Ct., NE., Albuquerque, NM 87106-3712)

    2002-01-01

    A beta cell for converting beta-particle energies into electrical energy having a semiconductor junction that incorporates an icosahedral boride compound selected from B.sub.12 As.sub.2, B.sub.12 P.sub.2, elemental boron having an .alpha.-rhombohedral structure, elemental boron having a .beta.-rhombohedral structure, and boron carbides of the chemical formula B.sub.12-x C.sub.3-x, where 0.15beta radiation source, and means for transmitting electrical energy to an outside load. The icosahedral boride compound self-heals, resisting degradation from radiation damage.

  12. Review of double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2014-03-12

    The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

  13. Double beta decays of {sup 106}Cd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2011-12-16

    The two-neutrino (2{nu}2{beta}) and neutrinoless (0{nu}2{beta}) double beta decays of {sup 106}Cd are studied for the transitions to the ground state 0{sub gs}{sup +} and 0{sup +} and 2{sup +} excited states in {sup 106}Pd by using realistic many-body wave functions calculated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation. Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. All the possible channels, {beta}{sup +}{beta}{sup +}, {beta}{sup +}EC, and ECEC, are discussed for both the 2{nu}2{beta} and 0{nu}2{beta} decays. The associated half-lives are computed and particular attention is devoted to the study of the detectability of the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0{nu}ECEC) process in {sup 106}Cd. The calculations of the present article constitute the thus far most complete and up-to-date investigation of the double-beta-decay properties of {sup 106}Cd.

  14. Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Melconian

    2011-08-11

    Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

  15. Spectroscopy of Double-Beta and Inverse-Beta Decays from 100Mo for Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Ejiri; J. Engel; R. Hazama; P. Krastev; N. Kudomi; R. G. H. Robertson

    2000-05-15

    Spectroscopic studies of two beta-rays from 100Mo are shown to be of potential interest for investigating both the Majorana neutrino mass by neutrinoless double beta-decay and low energy solar neutrino's by inverse beta-decay. With a multi-ton 100Mo detector, coincidence studies of correlated beta-beta from neutrinoless double beta-decay, together with the large Q value, permit identification of the neutrino-mass term with a sensitivity of ~ 0.03 eV. Correlation studies of the inverse beta and the successive beta-decay of 100Tc, together with the large capture rates for low energy solar neutrino's, make it possible to detect in realtime individual low energy solar neutrino in the same detector.

  16. A review of "Court and Politics in Papal Rome." by Gianvittorio Signorotto and Maria A. Visceglia, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erminia Ardissino

    2003-01-01

    , those individuals interested in the development of political culture may find their interests piqued but could also feel that many important questions were left unanswered. Gianvittorio Signorotto and Maria Antonietta Visceglia, eds. Court and Politics... palace committee. The changing force is put in evidence by the essay of Maria Antonietta Visceglia: ?Factions in the Sacred College in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries? (99-131). This extensive research proves that in the Roman court ?factions...

  17. Federal Court Dismisses Waste Fee Challenges | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report to Congress MoreHyd rogEnergy AdvisoryFEMPThe D.C.

  18. The impact of federal court decisions on the policies and administration of the United States Environmental Protection Agency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, R.

    1988-01-01

    This work is the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of federal court decisions on the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in all seven of its major statutory areas. The work found first, that judicial intervention into disputes concerning the EPA fall into five groups: (1) cases in which the mere filing of a lawsuit, without judicial action, has evoked a changed in the EPA; (2) cases in which courts have upheld the agency's position completely without yielding changes in the agency; (3) cases in which judges, who have been passive and unwilling to intervene in the affairs of the EPA have issued decisions that nonetheless have affected the agency's policies and administration; (4) cases in which judges have legitimately used their discretionary powers to affect agency actions; and (5) cases in which judges have gone beyond the normal limits of judicial activism to evoke change in the agency. Second, the dissertation analyzed the ten ways that the EPA has responded to federal court decisions. Third, the dissertation found that the major impact of federal court decisions on the EPA has been policy related. Compliance with court orders has become the agency's top priority. Finally, the dissertation found that federal court decisions have affected the administration of the EPA in five ways.

  19. The nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2007-10-12

    The status of calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay) nuclear matrix elements (NME's) is reviewed. The spread of published values of NME's is discussed. The main attention is paid to the recent progress achieved in the evaluation of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's in the framework of the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). The obtained results are compared with those of the nuclear shell model. The problem of reliable determination of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's is addressed. The uncertainty in NME's are analyzed and further progress in calculation of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay NME's is outlined.

  20. Neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simkovic, Fedor [BLTP, JINR Dubna, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2011-11-23

    The fundamental importance of searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay) is widely recognized. Observation of the decay would tell us that the total lepton number is not conserved and that, consequently, neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. The 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay is discussed in context of neutrino oscillation data. The perspectives of the experimental 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay searches are analyzed. The importance of reliable determination of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements is pointed out.

  1. The Beta distribution approach PAULA TATARU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schierup, Mikkel Heide

    Betaspikes The Beta distribution approach PAULA TATARU AARHUS UNIVERSITY Bioinformatics Research distribution approach Paula Tataru paula@birc.au.dk AARHUS UNIVERSITY Bioinformatics Research Centre Motivation;Allele frequencies: the Beta distribution approach Paula Tataru paula@birc.au.dk AARHUS UNIVERSITY

  2. Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner Rodejohann

    2012-08-20

    The connection of neutrino physics with neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. After presenting the current status of the PMNS matrix and the theoretical background of neutrino mass and lepton mixing, we will summarize the various implications of neutrino physics for double beta decay. The influence of light sterile neutrinos and other exotic modifications of the three neutrino picture is also discussed.

  3. Nuclear physics aspects of double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Vogel

    2008-07-15

    Comprehensive description of the phenomenology of the $\\beta\\beta$ decay is given, with emphasis on the nuclear physics aspects. After a brief review of the neutrino oscillation results and of motivation to test the lepton number conservation, the mechanism of the $0\

  4. Project Reports for Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians- 2010 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This weatherization training will result in a reduction of the use and cost of energy by increasing the number of homes that are weatherized.

  5. Project Reports for Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians- 2010 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The feasibility study of hydropower will answer three questions: 1) How can hydropower be developed to create a sustainable economic stream that contributes to the financial viability of the tribe? 2) How can this venture meet the energy needs of the community? 3) How can hydropower be developed without jeopardizing Mother Earth or the cultural beliefs of the tribe?

  6. Majorana DUSEL R&D Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fast, James E.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Mintzer, Esther E.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Day, Anthony R.; Gerlach, David C.; Farmer, Orville T.; Liezers, Martin; Lepel, Elwood A.; Miley, Harry S.; Edwards, Danny J.

    2010-09-21

    This report summarizes the work performed at PNNL under the project Majorana Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay DUSEL R&D over the period of FY07-FY09.

  7. Process for reducing beta activity in uranium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Briggs, G.G.; Kato, T.R.; Schonegg, E.

    1985-04-11

    This invention is a method for lowering the beta radiation hazards associated with the casting of uranium. The method reduces the beta radiation emitted from the as-cast surfaces of uranium ingots. The method also reduces the amount of beta radiation emitters retained on the interiors of the crucibles that have been used to melt the uranium charges and which undergone cleaning in a remote handling facility. The lowering of the radioactivity is done by scavenging the beta emitters from the molten uranium with a molten mixture containing the fluorides of magnesium and calcium. The method provides a means of collection and disposal of the beta emitters in a manner that reduces radiation exposure to operating personnel in the work area where the ingots are cast and processed. 5 tabs.

  8. Process for reducing beta activity in uranium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Briggs, Gifford G. (Cincinnatti, OH); Kato, Takeo R. (Cincinnatti, OH); Schonegg, Edward (Cleves, OH)

    1986-01-01

    This invention is a method for lowering the beta radiation hazards associated with the casting of uranium. The method reduces the beta radiation emitted from the as-cast surfaces of uranium ingots. The method also reduces the amount of beta radiation emitters retained on the interiors of the crucibles that have been used to melt the uranium charges and which have undergone cleaning in a remote handling facility. The lowering of the radioactivity is done by scavenging the beta emitters from the molten uranium with a molten mixture containing the fluorides of magnesium and calcium. The method provides a means of collection and disposal of the beta emitters in a manner that reduces radiation exposure to operating personnel in the work area where the ingots are cast and processed.

  9. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2009-01-01

    Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Rev. ),” incan also cause neutrinoless double-beta decay (see e.g. , [LBNL-53996 Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO

  10. Early and continuing effects of combined alpha and beta irradiation of the lung:

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, B.R.; Hahn, F.F.; Snipes, M.B.; Newton, G.J.; Eidson, A.F.; Mauderly, J.L.; Boecker, B.B.

    1988-03-01

    This report summarizes an inhalation exposure experiment that concerns early and continuing effects of combined alpha and beta irradiation of the lung of rats. Both morbidity at 18 months and mortality within 18 months after exposure were examined for rats exposed to the beta-emitter /sup 147/Pm, the alpha-emitter /sup 238/Pu, or both combined. The results were used to validate hazard-function models that were developed (1)for pulmonary functional morbidity at 18 months and (2) for lethality from radiation pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis within 18 months. Both models were found to adequately predict the experimental observations after combined chronic alpha and beta irradiation of the lung. A relative biological effectiveness of approximately 7 was obtained for /sup 238/Pu alpha radiation compared to /sup 147/Pm beta radiation for both pulmonary functional morbidity and lethality from radiation pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis. 12 refs., 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  11. SIRT1 inhibits proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor (PAUF), a novel oncogene, by suppression of {beta}-catenin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Il-Rae [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)] [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Koh, Sang Seok [Immunotherapy Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of) [Immunotherapy Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Functional Genomics, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Malilas, Waraporn; Srisuttee, Ratakorn; Moon, Jeong [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)] [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Young-Whan [Department of Horticultural Bioscience, Pusan National University, Miryang 627-706 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Horticultural Bioscience, Pusan National University, Miryang 627-706 (Korea, Republic of); Horio, Yoshiyuki [Department of Pharmacology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-8556 (Japan)] [Department of Pharmacology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-8556 (Japan); Oh, Sangtaek [Department of Advanced Fermentation Fusion Science and Technology, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Advanced Fermentation Fusion Science and Technology, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Young-Hwa, E-mail: younghc@pusan.ac.kr [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)] [WCU, Department of Cogno-Mechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-29

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SIRT1 inhibits protein levels of {beta}-catenin and its transcriptional activity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nuclear localization of SIRT1 is not required for the decrease of {beta}-catenin expression. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SIRT1-mediated degradation of {beta}-catenin is not required for GSK-3{beta} and Siah-1 but for proteosome. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SIRT1 activation inhibits proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells expressing PAUF. -- Abstract: Because we found in a recent study that pancreatic adenocarcinoma up-regulated factor (PAUF), a novel oncogene, induces a rapid proliferation of pancreatic cells by up-regulation of {beta}-catenin, we postulated that {beta}-catenin might be a target molecule for pancreatic cancer treatment. We thus speculated whether SIRT1, known to target {beta}-catenin in a colon cancer model, suppresses {beta}-catenin in those pancreatic cancer cells that express PAUF (Panc-PAUF). We further evaluated whether such suppression would lead to inhibition of the proliferation of these cells. The ectopic expression of either SIRT1 or resveratrol (an activator of SIRT1) suppressed levels of {beta}-catenin protein and its transcriptional activity in Panc-PAUF cells. Conversely, suppression of SIRT1 expression by siRNA enhanced {beta}-catenin expression and transcriptional activity. SIRT1 mutant analysis showed that nuclear localization of SIRT1 is not required for reduction of {beta}-catenin. Treatment with MG132, a proteasomal inhibitor, restored {beta}-catenin protein levels, suggesting that SIRT1-mediated degradation of {beta}-catenin requires proteasomal activity. It was reported that inhibition of GSK-3{beta} or Siah-1 stabilizes {beta}-catenin in colon cancer cells, but suppression of GSK-3{beta} or Siah-1 using siRNA in the presence of resveratrol instead diminished {beta}-catenin protein levels in Panc-PAUF cells. This suggests that GSK-3{beta} and Siah-1 are not involved in SIRT1-mediated degradation of {beta}-catenin in the cells. Finally, activation of SIRT1 inhibited the proliferation of Panc-PAUF cells by down-regulation of cyclin-D1, a target molecule of {beta}-catenin. These results suggest that SIRT1 activation may be a therapeutic strategy for treatment of pancreatic cancer cells that express PAUF via the down-regulation of {beta}-catenin.

  12. Search for: "neutrinoless double beta decay" | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator Author: Name...

  13. SciTech Connect: "neutrinoless double beta decay"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Semantic Semantic Term Title:...

  14. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Neutrino Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Duerr

    2012-06-04

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular, we will discuss the relation between neutrinoless double beta decay and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter--Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore, we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate neutrinoless double beta decay from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope, i.e., within one experiment.

  15. A Review of "Marriage, Performance, and Politics at the Jacobean Court" by Kevin Curran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stapleton, M. L.

    2010-01-01

    . Kevin Curran. Marriage, Performance, and Politics at the Jacobean Court. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. ix + 187 pp. $99.95. Review by m. l. stapleton, indiana university-purdue university, fort wayne. This study analyzes the six wedding masques... to the institution itself. He also saw that such masques were a medium through which he could express the idea of union, political as well as social and marital. Curran contends that since these pageants were hardly dull, insipid affairs and seem to have enacted...

  16. CP Violation in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Fukuyama; K. Matsuda; H. Nishiura

    1997-08-19

    We argue three-flavour neutrino mixing. We consider the neutrinos as Majorana particles and see how the neutrinoless double beta decay constrains the neutrino mixing angles. Our formulation is widely valid and is applied to the neutrino oscillation experiment.

  17. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gómez-Cadenas, J J

    2015-01-01

    This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

  18. Probing neutrinoless double beta decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evelina Arushanova; Ashley R. Back

    2015-05-01

    Probing neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the primary goals for SNO+, SNOLAB's multi-purpose neutrino detector. In order to achieve this goal the SNO detector has been adapted so that it can be filled with Te-loaded liquid scintillator. During the initial double beta phase the target loading is 0.3% natural Te, which equates to $\\sim790$ kg of double beta isotope. Estimating the sensitivity to neutrinoless double beta decay requires a well understood background model. For SNO+ this is provided by a comprehensive study considering all possible background contributions, whether they originate from within the liquid scintillator cocktail, the surrounding parts of the detector or other irreducible backgrounds. Given these considerations, for five years running in the initial phase, the expected sensitivity is $T_{1/2}^{0\

  19. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; Justo Martín-Albo

    2015-02-25

    This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

  20. Probing neutrinoless double beta decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arushanova, Evelina

    2015-01-01

    Probing neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the primary goals for SNO+, SNOLAB's multi-purpose neutrino detector. In order to achieve this goal the SNO detector has been adapted so that it can be filled with Te-loaded liquid scintillator. During the initial double beta phase the target loading is 0.3% natural Te, which equates to $\\sim790$ kg of double beta isotope. Estimating the sensitivity to neutrinoless double beta decay requires a well understood background model. For SNO+ this is provided by a comprehensive study considering all possible background contributions, whether they originate from within the liquid scintillator cocktail, the surrounding parts of the detector or other irreducible backgrounds. Given these considerations, for five years running in the initial phase, the expected sensitivity is $T_{1/2}^{0\

  1. Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk Alexander Koller Joachim Niehren Programming Systems Lab Dept. of Computational Linguistics Universit¨at des Saarlandes, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany www.ps.uni-sb.de/~{bodirsky,erk

  2. Solid-state NMR analysis of the {beta}-strand orientation of the protofibrils of amyloid {beta}-protein

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doi, Takashi [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Masuda, Yuichi, E-mail: masuda@mail.pharm.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan) [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Irie, Kazuhiro [Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Akagi, Ken-ichi; Monobe, Youko; Imazawa, Takayoshi [Section of Laboratory Equipment, Division of Biomedical Research, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan)] [Section of Laboratory Equipment, Division of Biomedical Research, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan); Takegoshi, K. [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2012-11-30

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The supramolecular structure of A{beta}42 protofibrils was analyzed by solid-state NMR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Ala-21 residue in the A{beta}42 protofibrils is included in a slightly disordered {beta}-strand. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The A{beta}42 protofibrils do not form intermolecular in-register parallel {beta}-sheets. -- Abstract: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is caused by abnormal deposition (fibrillation) of a 42-residue amyloid {beta}-protein (A{beta}42) in the brain. During the process of fibrillation, the A{beta}42 takes the form of protofibrils with strong neurotoxicity, and is thus believed to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of AD. To elucidate the supramolecular structure of the A{beta}42 protofibrils, the intermolecular proximity of the Ala-21 residues in the A{beta}42 protofibrils was analyzed by {sup 13}C-{sup 13}C rotational resonance experiments in the solid state. Unlike the A{beta}42 fibrils, an intermolecular {sup 13}C-{sup 13}C correlation was not found in the A{beta}42 protofibrils. This result suggests that the {beta}-strands of the A{beta}42 protofibrils are not in an in-register parallel orientation. A{beta}42 monomers would assemble to form protofibrils with the {beta}-strand conformation, then transform into fibrils by forming intermolecular parallel {beta}-sheets.

  3. Beta/alpha continuous air monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Gregory K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Martz, Dowell E. (Grand Junction, CO)

    1989-01-01

    A single deep layer silicon detector in combination with a microcomputer, recording both alpha and beta activity and the energy of each pulse, distinguishing energy peaks using a novel curve fitting technique to reduce the natural alpha counts in the energy region where plutonium and other transuranic alpha emitters are present, and using a novel algorithm to strip out radon daughter contribution to actual beta counts.

  4. Neutrinoless double beta decay with scalar bilinears

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; U. Sarkar

    2002-11-18

    One possible probe to physics beyond the standard model is to look for scalar bilinears, which couple to two fermions of the standard model. We point out that the scalar bilinears allow new diagrams contributing to the neutrinoless double beta decay. The upper bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay lifetime would then give new constraints on the ratio of the masses of these scalars to their couplings to the fermions.

  5. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and CP Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick J. O'Donnell; Utpal Sarkar

    1993-05-27

    We study the relation between the Majorana neutrino mass matrices and the neutrinoless double beta decay when CP is not conserved. We give an explicit form of the decay rate in terms of a rephasing invariant quantity and demonstrate that in the presence of CP violation it is impossible to have vanishing neutrinoless double beta decay in the case of two neutrino generations (or when the third generation leptons do not mix with other leptons and hence decouple).

  6. Beta/alpha continuous air monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, G.K.; Martz, D.E.

    1988-06-27

    A single deep layer silicon detector in combination with a microcomputer, recording both alpha and beta activity and the energy of each pulse, distinquishing energy peaks using a novel curve fitting technique to reduce the natural alpha counts in the energy region where plutonium and other transuranic alpha emitters are present, and using a novel algorithm to strip out radon daughter contribution to actual beta counts. 7 figs.

  7. Method for treating beta-spodumene ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Day, J. Paul (Big Flats, NY); Hickman, David L. (Big Flats, NY)

    1994-09-27

    A vapor-phase method for treating a beta-spodumene ceramic article to achieve a substitution of exchangeable hydrogen ions for the lithium present in the beta-spodumene crystals, wherein a barrier between the ceramic article and the source of exchangeable hydrogen ions is maintained in order to prevent lithium contamination of the hydrogen ion source and to generate highly recoverable lithium salts, is provided.

  8. Search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the GERDA Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Benato

    2015-09-25

    The Gerda experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge has successfully completed the first data collection. No signal excess is found, and a lower limit on the half life of the process is set, with T1/2 > 2.1x10^25 yr (90% CL). After a review of the experimental setup and of the main Phase I results, the hardware upgrade for Gerda Phase II is described, and the physics reach of the new data collection is reported.

  9. Search of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with the GERDA Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benato, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    The Gerda experiment designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge has successfully completed the first data collection. No signal excess is found, and a lower limit on the half life of the process is set, with T1/2 > 2.1x10^25 yr (90% CL). After a review of the experimental setup and of the main Phase I results, the hardware upgrade for Gerda Phase II is described, and the physics reach of the new data collection is reported.

  10. LOW HORIZONTAL BETA FUNCTION IN LONG STRAIGHTS OF THE NSLS-II LATTICE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fanglei, L.; Bengtsson, J.; Guo, W.; Krinsky, S.; Li, Y.; Yang, L.

    2011-03-28

    The NSLS-II storage ring lattice is comprised of 30 DBA cells arranged in 15 superperiods. There are 15 long straight sections (9.3m) for injection, RF and insertion devices and 15 short straights (6.6m) for insertion devices. In the baseline lattice, the short straights have small horizontal and vertical beta functions but the long straights have large horizontal beta function optimized for injection. In this paper, we explore the possibility of maintaining three long straights with large horizontal beta function while providing the other 12 long straights with smaller horizontal beta function to optimize the brightness of insertion devices. Our study considers the possible linear lattice solutions as well as characterizing the nonlinear dynamics. Results are reported on optimization of dynamic aperture required for good injection efficiency and adequate Touschek lifetime. This paper discusses dynamic aperture optimization for the NSLS-II lattice with alternate high and low horizontal beta function in the long straights, which is proposed for the optimization of the brightness of insertion devices. The linear optics is optimized to meet the requirements of lattice function and source properties. Nonlinear optimization for a lattice with working point at (37.18, 16.2) is performed. Considering the realistic magnets errors and physical apertures, we calculate the frequency maps and plot the tune footprint. The results show that the lattice with high-low beta function has adequate dynamic aperture for good injection efficiency and sufficient Touschek lifetime.

  11. Neuronal networks with coupling through amyloid beta: towards a theory for Alzheimer's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Resmi; G. Ambika; R. E. Amritkar; G. Rangarajan

    2010-11-18

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common form of dementia observed in the elderly due to neurodegenerative disorder and dysfunction. This arises from alterations in synaptic functioning of neurons leading to cognitive impairment and memory loss. Recent experimental studies indicate that the amyloid beta (A beta) protein, in its dimer and oligomer forms, affects the synaptic activity of neurons in the early stages of AD. However, the precise mechanism underlying A beta induced synaptic depression is still not clearly understood. In this paper, we introduce an electrical model that provides a possible mechanism for this. Our studies show that the competing effects of synaptic activity and the indirect interaction mediated by A beta, can disrupt the synchrony among neurons and severely affect the neuronal activity. This then leads to sub-threshold activity or synaptic silencing. This is in agreement with the reported disruption of cortical synaptic integration in the presence of A beta in transgenic mice. We suggest that direct electrophysiological measurements of A beta activity can establish its role in AD and the possible revival, proposed in our model. The mechanism proposed here is quite general and could account for the role of the relevant protein in other neuronal disorders also.

  12. False Starts in History of Searches for 2{beta} Decay, or Discoverless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tretyak, V. I. [Institute for Nuclear Research, MSP 03680, Kyiv (Ukraine)

    2011-12-16

    A collection of stories is presented on discoveries of 2{beta} decay (including neutrinoless one) which were refuted in the subsequent investigations.

  13. Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAboutNuclear Nonproliferation ReportReports Reports

  14. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morant, Marc Dominique

    2014-10-14

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity, beta-xylosidase activity, or beta-glucosidase and beta-xylosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  15. Lysyl oxidase like 4, a novel target gene of TGF-{beta}1 signaling, can negatively regulate TGF-{beta}1-induced cell motility in PLC/PRF/5 hepatoma cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong Joon [Medical Genomics Research Center, KRIBB, P.O. Box 115, Yusong, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Dong Chul; Yang, Suk-Jin; Lee, Jung Ju; Bae, Eun Mi; Kim, Dong Min; Min, Sang Hyun; Kim, Soo Jung [Medical Genomics Research Center, KRIBB, P.O. Box 115, Yusong, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Dong Chul [Ilsong Institute of Life Science, Hallym University, Anyang 431-060 (Korea, Republic of); Sang, Byung Chan [College of Agricultural Life and Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Myung, Pyung Keun [College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Kyung Chan [Medical Genomics Research Center, KRIBB, P.O. Box 115, Yusong, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: kpark@kribb.re.kr; Yeom, Young Il [Medical Genomics Research Center, KRIBB, P.O. Box 115, Yusong, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: yeomyi@kribb.re.kr

    2008-09-05

    Transforming growth factor-{beta}1 (TGF-{beta}1) is a multi-functional cytokine involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and extracellular matrix formation. In search for novel genes mediating the TGF-{beta}1 function at downstream signaling, we performed a cDNA microarray analysis and identified 60 genes whose expression is regulated by TGF-{beta}1 in the liver cancer cell line PLC/PRF/5. Among them, we report here lysyl oxidase like 4 (LOXL4) as a novel target of TGF-{beta}1 signaling, and provide experimental evidence for its expression regulation and function. LOXL4 was found to be the only member of LOX family whose expression is induced by TGF-{beta}1 in hepatoma cells. Deletion mapping of the LOXL4 promoter indicated that the TGF-{beta}1 regulation of LOXL4 expression is mediated through the binding of AP1 transcription factor to a conserved region of the promoter. This was confirmed by the chromatin immunoprecipitation assay that captured c-Fos-bound chromatin from TGF-{beta}1-treated cells. Forced expression of LOXL4 in PLC/PRF/5 cells resulted in inhibition of cell motility through Matrigel in the presence of TGF-{beta}1 treatment. In parallel, LOXL4 suppressed the expression of laminins and {alpha}3 integrin and the activity of MMP2. These results suggest that LOXL4 may function as a negative feedback regulator of TGF-{beta}1 in cell invasion by inhibiting the metabolism of extracellular matrix (ECM) components.

  16. A ton-scale bolometric detector for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedretti, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States)

    2009-12-16

    After an introduction on neutrinoless double beta decay physics, a description of CUORE and CUORICINO experiments, detectors and results are reported. The actual efforts and next steps of the CUORE Project, required to probe the inverted hierarchy region of the neutrino effective Majorana mass, are also described.

  17. Micro-hydropower: status and prospects IT Power Limited, The Manor House, Chineham Court, Luytens Close, Chineham, Hants, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    the oceans. It is this solar energy, converted into the latent heat of evaporation of water, that powers the hydrological cycle on which hydro- power depends. Hydro-electricity is usually associated with the buildingMicro-hydropower: status and prospects O Paish IT Power Limited, The Manor House, Chineham Court

  18. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The new peer-reviewed Journal of Law and Courts (JLC) aims to be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    and size and diversity of audience. Sponsored by a political science organization but published for all scholars interested in legal institutions, actors, processes, and policy, JLC will be interdisciplinary and Courts is written for political scientists, legal scholars, and all scholars interested in legal

  19. Recent Results in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisa J. Kaufman

    2013-05-14

    The search for neutrinoless double beta decay is a rich source for new physics. The observation of this decay will lead to understanding of the absolute mass scale of neutrinos, the Majorana nature of the neutrino (whether the neutrino is its own anti-particle), and lepton number violation. Double beta decay is being investigated around the world by several experiments using different candidate isotopes. There has been much progress made in experimental techniques recently such that achieving sensitivity to neutrino masses at 50 meV and below will be possible in the near future. A summary of recent results in neutrinoless double beta decay is discussed with a look toward the experimental goals for the future.

  20. Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hirsch

    2006-09-15

    Neutrinoless double beta decay violates lepton number by two units, a positive observation therefore necessarily implies physics beyond the standard model. Here, three possible contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay are briefly reviewed: (a) The mass mechanism and its connection to neutrino oscillations; (b) Left-right symmetric models and the lower limit on the right-handed W boson mass; and (c) R-parity violating supersymmetry. In addition, the recently published ``extended black box'' theorem is briefly discussed. Combined with data from oscillation experiments this theorem provides proof that the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude must receive a non-zero contribution from the mass mechanism, if neutrinos are indeed Majorana particles.

  1. Characterization of ZnSe scintillating bolometers for Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Arnaboldi; S. Capelli; O. Cremonesi; L. Gironi; M. Pavan; G. Pessina; S. Pirro

    2010-06-30

    ZnSe scintillating bolometers are good candidates for future Double Beta Decay searches, because of the 82Se high Q-value and thanks to the possibility of alpha background rejection on the basis of the scintillation signal. In this paper we report the characteristics and the anomalies observed in an extensive study of these devices. Among them, an unexpected high emission from alpha particles, accompanied with an unusual pattern of the light vs. heat scatter plot. The perspectives for the application of this kind of detectors to search for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 82Se are presented.

  2. {beta} decay spectroscopy of {sup 192}Pt and the nature of 0{sup +} excitations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Werner, V.; Winkler, R.; Cakirli, R. B.; Gurdal, G.; Liang, X.; Williams, E.; Physics; Yale Univ.; Istanbul Univ.; Clark Univ.; Univ.of Paisley

    2008-07-01

    Excited states in {sup 192}Pt were populated in {beta}{sup +}/{epsilon} decay and studied through off-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. New coincidence data give no support for several reported low-energy, low-spin states proposed in {beta} decay and lead to a substantially revised level scheme. The structure of {sup 192}Pt is discussed in terms of both single-space IBA-1 calculations and two-space IBA calculations with configuration mixing. Both models together suggest that it is the perhaps the 04{sup +} state that corresponds to an intruder excitation, resulting from the excitation of a pair of protons across the Z=82 closed shell.

  3. Method of producing .beta.-spodumene bodies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chyung, Kenneth (Painted Post, NY); Day, J. Paul (Big Flats, NY); Holleran, Louis M. (Big Flats, NY); Olszewski, Anthony R. (Bath, NY)

    1999-01-01

    Beta-spodumene bodies and method of preparing the bodies that involves providing a uniform plastic batch of inorganic raw materials, organic binder, and vehicle, wherein the inorganic raw materials are composed of, in percent by weight, about 75% to 95% minerals, and about 5% to 25% glass. The batch is formed into a green body that is fired to produce a body composed substantially of beta-spodumene, and having a thermal expansion coefficient of <10.times.10.sup.-7 /.degree.C.(0-800.degree. C.), and a strength of .gtoreq.4 Ksi.

  4. The double-beta decay: Theoretical challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai

    2012-11-20

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a unique process that could reveal physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics namely, if observed, it would prove that neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, it could provide information regarding the neutrino masses and their hierarchy, provided that reliable nuclear matrix elements can be obtained. The two neutrino double beta decay is an associate process that is allowed by the Standard Model, and it was observed for about ten nuclei. The present contribution gives a brief review of the theoretical challenges associated with these two process, emphasizing the reliable calculation of the associated nuclear matrix elements.

  5. Symmetry violations in nuclear and neutron $\\beta$ decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vos, K K; Timmermans, R G E

    2015-01-01

    The role of $\\beta$ decay as a low-energy probe of physics beyond the Standard Model is reviewed. Traditional searches for deviations from the Standard Model structure of the weak interaction in $\\beta$ decay are discussed in the light of constraints from the LHC and the neutrino mass. Limits on the violation of time-reversal symmetry in $\\beta$ decay are compared to the strong constraints from electric dipole moments. Novel searches for Lorentz symmetry breaking in the weak interaction in $\\beta$ decay are also included, where we discuss the unique sensitivity of $\\beta$ decay to test Lorentz invariance. We end with a roadmap for future $\\beta$-decay experiments.

  6. Predictions for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in the 3+1 Sterile Neutrino Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giunti, C

    2015-01-01

    In this proceeding we present predictions of the effective Majorana mass $|m_{\\beta\\beta}|$ in neutrinoless double-$\\beta$ decay for the standard $3\

  7. Reports

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the Weldon Spring,7=cr5rnPandAlba Craft

  8. Reports

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the Weldon Spring,7=cr5rnPandAlba Craftaehsed herewith

  9. $\\beta$ Energy Loss Analysis in ${15}^P$: Application to Nuclear Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirfayzi, Seyed Reza

    2012-01-01

    Using radioactive nuclei for electricity generation in Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) is important research as needs for longer life batteries increase. There are many applications developed in recent years, however there are limitations still to overcome before a final product can be produced. One of the important issue is the low power output. This research addresses this issue with a new method in fabrication for powering MEMS sensors. We have proposed to fabricate $^{63}Ni$ nano-particle $\\beta^-$source in a glassy phosphorous type sphere which creates scintillation and phosphorescent photons. The micro-spheres will be doped in our semiconductor. Since $^{63}^Ni$ is a pure $\\beta^-$ emitter, in this report the energy loss $dE/dx$ of $\\beta^-$ in our scintillation material (phosphorus $^{15}P$) is modelled using C++ coding with GEANT4 and furthermore the particle distributions in two different source geometries (circular and square structure) is studied using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). We have s...

  10. Effects of plasma {beta} on the plasmoid instability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni Lei; Ziegler, Udo; Huang Yimin; Lin Jun; Mei Zhixing

    2012-07-15

    The effects of the initial upstream plasma {beta} on the plasmoid instability are studied via two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations. For cases with nonuniform {beta} dependent initial plasma mass density and uniform temperature, our numerical results indicate that the critical Lundquist number for onset of the plasmoid instability depends on the initial plasma {beta}. The critical Lundquist number is approximately 2000-3000 for {beta}=50 and is 8000-10 000 for {beta}=0.2. The higher the {beta}, the smaller the critical Lundquist number is. Similar to previous studies of high-{beta} systems, the average reconnection rate in low {beta} systems is found to become weakly dependent on the Lundquist number in the plasmoid-unstable regime. However, the average reconnection rate, normalized to the asymptotic value of upstream BV{sub A}, is lower in a low {beta} system than that in a high {beta} system. The magnetic energy spectral index, which characterizes fragmentation of the reconnection layer, is approximately two and is insensitive to {beta} in the high-Lunquist number regime. It is also found that the magnetic reconnection rate becomes similar for different {beta} cases, if the initial force-balance is provided by temperature gradient instead of density gradient. Therefore, it is concluded that the {beta}-dependence mentioned above may be largely attributed to the density variation.

  11. He II Ly{beta} GUNN-PETERSON ABSORPTION: NEW HST OBSERVATIONS AND THEORETICAL EXPECTATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syphers, David; Pieri, Matthew; Shull, J. Michael; Anderson, Scott F.; Zheng, Wei; Kriss, Gerard A.; Smith, Britton; Meiksin, Avery; Schneider, Donald P.; York, Donald G.

    2011-12-01

    Observations of He II Ly{alpha} Gunn-Peterson troughs have proved to be a valuable probe of the epoch of helium reionization at z {approx} 3. Since this optical depth can become unmeasurably large even for modest He II fractions, various alternate techniques have been proposed to push to higher redshift, and among the more promising is looking at higher-order Lyman-series troughs. We here report four new observations of the He II Ly{beta} trough, including new data on the only sightline with a prior Ly{beta} observation. However, the effective optical depth ratio {tau}{sub eff,{beta}}/{tau}{sub eff,{alpha}} is not simply predicted by f{sub {beta}}{lambda}{sub {beta}}/f{sub {alpha}}{lambda}{sub {alpha}} = 0.16, and we analyze cosmological simulations to find that the correct ratio for helium at z {approx} 3 is {approx_equal}0.35. In one case we infer {tau}{sub eff,{alpha}} > 8.8, strong evidence that helium was not fully reionized at z = 3.2-3.5, in agreement with previous measurements suggesting a later completion of reionization.

  12. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor {gamma} is expressed in hippocampal neurons and its activation prevents {beta}-amyloid neurodegeneration: role of Wnt signaling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inestrosa, Nibaldo C. . E-mail: ninestr@genes.bio.puc.cl; Godoy, Juan A.; Quintanilla, Rodrigo A.; Koenig, Cecilia S.; Bronfman, Miguel

    2005-03-10

    The molecular pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) involves the participation of the amyloid-{beta}-peptide (A{beta}), which plays a critical role in the neurodegeneration that triggers the disease. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors, which are members of the nuclear receptor family. We report here that (1) PPAR{gamma} is present in rat hippocampal neurons in culture. (2) Activation of PPAR{gamma} by troglitazone and rosiglitazone protects rat hippocampal neurons against A{beta}-induced neurodegeneration, as shown by the 3-[4,5 -2yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction assay, immunofluorescence using an anti-heavy neurofilament antibody, and quantitative electron microscopy. (3) Hippocampal neurons treated with several PPAR{gamma} agonists, including troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and ciglitazone, prevent the excitotoxic A{beta}-induced rise in bulk-free Ca{sup 2+}. (4) PPAR{gamma} activation results in the modulation of Wnt signaling components, including the inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3{beta} (GSK-3{beta}) and an increase of the cytoplasmic and nuclear {beta}-catenin levels. We conclude that the activation of PPAR{gamma} prevents A{beta}-induced neurodegeneration by a mechanism that may involve a cross talk between neuronal PPAR{gamma} and the Wnt signaling pathway. More important, the fact that the activation of PPAR{gamma} attenuated A{beta}-dependent neurodegeneration opens the possibility to fight AD from a new therapeutic perspective.

  13. Tevatron low-beta quadrupole triplet interconnects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oleck, A.R.; Carson, J.A.; Koepke, K.; Sorenson, D.

    1992-04-01

    Installation of cold iron quadrupole magnets in the Low Beta (Superconducting High-Luminosity) upgrade at Fermilab required a newly designed magnet interconnect. The interconnect design and construction experience is presented. Considered are the connections carrying cryogenic fluids, beam vacuum, insulating vacuum, superconducting bus leads, their insulation and mechanical support. Details of the assembly and assembly experience are presented. 2 refs.

  14. The COBRA Double Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dawson, J. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton. BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)

    2007-03-28

    The progress of the COBRA neutrinoless double beta decay experiment is discussed. Potential backgrounds are described. Estimates on the contamination levels of 214Bi in the detectors have been made using previously acquired low background data. New crystals with a different passivation material show an improved background count rate of approximately one order of magnitude.

  15. Herwig++ 2.0beta Release Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Gieseke; D. Grellscheid; A. Ribon; P. Richardson; M. H. Seymour; P. Stephens; B. R. Webber

    2006-02-08

    A new release of the Monte Carlo program Herwig++ (version 2.0beta) is now available. The main new feature is the extension of the program to include simple hadron-hadron processes including the initial-state parton shower.

  16. Neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattias Blennow; Enrique Fernandez-Martinez; Jacobo Lopez-Pavon; Javier Menendez

    2014-05-12

    We study the general phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay in seesaw models. In particular, we focus on the dependence of the neutrinoless double beta decay rate on the mass of the extra states introduced to account for the Majorana masses of light neutrinos. For this purpose, we compute the nuclear matrix elements as functions of the mass of the mediating fermions and estimate the associated uncertainties. We then discuss what can be inferred on the seesaw model parameters in the different mass regimes and clarify how the contribution of the light neutrinos should always be taken into account when deriving bounds on the extra parameters. Conversely, the extra states can also have a significant impact, cancelling the Standard Model neutrino contribution for masses lighter than the nuclear scale and leading to vanishing neutrinoless double beta decay amplitudes even if neutrinos are Majorana particles. We also discuss how seesaw models could reconcile large rates of neutrinoless double beta decay with more stringent cosmological bounds on neutrino masses.

  17. An Explanation for Beta's Mean-reversion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodkin, Connor Matthew

    2013-09-26

    the small non-growth stocks' betas will be far removed from the market average of one and the large companies will be very close to one. Preliminary results have confirmed that small non-growth stocks have means' far from one and that large stocks have...

  18. .beta.-glucosidase 5 (BGL5) compositions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunn-Coleman, Nigel; Goedegebuur, Frits; Ward, Michael; Yao, Jian

    2010-06-01

    The present invention provides a novel .beta.-glucosidase nucleic acid sequence, designated bgl5, and the corresponding BGL5 amino acid sequence. The invention also provides expression vectors and host cells comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding BGL5, recombinant BGL5 proteins and methods for producing the same.

  19. Striatal origin of the pathologic beta oscillations in Parkinson's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyden, Edward Stuart

    Enhanced oscillations at beta frequencies (8–30 Hz) are a signature neural dynamic pathology in the basal ganglia and cortex of Parkinson's disease patients. The mechanisms underlying these pathological beta oscillations ...

  20. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2009-01-01

    Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data Hitoshi Murayama andBeta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data Hitoshi Murayama ? andIn the SNO data from its salt run, probably the most signi?

  1. Predicting the beta-trefoil fold from protein sequence data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, Matthew Ewald, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    A method is presented that uses [beta]-strand interactions at both the sequence and the atomic level, to predict the beta-structural motifs in protein sequences. A program called Wrap-and-Pack implements this method, and ...

  2. Beta decay rates for nuclei with 115 nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamales Kar; Soumya Chakravarti; V. R. Manfredi

    2006-03-19

    For r-process nucleosynthesis the beta decay rates for a number of neutron-rich intermediate heavy nuclei are calculated. The model for the beta strength function is able to reproduce the observed half~lives quite well.

  3. Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    the experimental bound [11] on neutrinoless double beta decay (## 0# ). The only way out would be to have two

  4. Search for neutrinoless double beta decay with NEMO 3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornitza Daraktchieva

    2009-01-18

    NEMO 3 experiment is designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay. It is located in the Modane Underground Laboratory (LSM) and has been taking data since February 2003. The half- lives of two neutrino beta decay have been measured for seven isotopes. No evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay has been found. The limits on both the half-lives of the neutrinoless double beta decay and the corresponding Majorana effective masses are derived

  5. Overconstrained estimates of neutrinoless double beta decay within the QRPA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; Gianluigi Fogli; Eligio Lisi; Vadim Rodin; Anna Maria Rotunno; Fedor Simkovic

    2008-05-29

    Estimates of nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay (0nu2beta) based on the quasiparticle random phase approximations (QRPA) are affected by theoretical uncertainties, which can be substantially reduced by fixing the unknown strength parameter g_pp of the residual particle-particle interaction through one experimental constraint - most notably through the two-neutrino double beta decay (2nu2beta) lifetime. However, it has been noted that the g_pp adjustment via 2\

  6. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Physics Beyond the Standard Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank F. Deppisch; Martin Hirsch; Heinrich Päs

    2012-08-03

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is the most powerful tool to probe not only for Majorana neutrino masses but for lepton number violating physics in general. We discuss relations between lepton number violation, double beta decay and neutrino mass, review a general Lorentz invariant parametrization of the double beta decay rate, highlight a number of different new physics models showing how different mechanisms can trigger double beta decay, and finally discuss possibilities to discriminate and test these models and mechanisms in complementary experiments.

  7. Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandria, F.

    2013-01-01

    of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:L d e f F .s t results on neutrinoless double beta decay of T e w i t hthe study of neutrinoless double beta decay, J . C r y s t .

  8. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morant, Marc

    2014-01-14

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity, beta-xylosidase, or beta-glucosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  9. High precision measurements of Na-26 beta(-) decay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinyer, GF; Svensson, CE; Andreoiu, C.; Andreyev, AN; Austin, RAE; Ball, GC; Chakrawarthy, RS; Finlay, P.; Garrett, PE; Hackman, G.; Hardy, John C.; Hyland, B.; Iacob, VE; Koopmans, KA; Kulp, WD; Leslie, JR; Macdonald, JA; Morton, AC; Ormand, WE; Osborne, CJ; Pearson, CJ; Phillips, AA; Sarazin, F.; Schumaker, MA; Scraggs, HC; Schwarzenberg, J.; Smith, MB; Valiente-Dobon, JJ; Waddington, JC; Wood, JL; Zganjar, EF.

    2005-01-01

    High-precision measurements of the half-life and beta-branching ratios for the beta(-) decay of Na-26 to Mg-26 have been measured in beta-counting and gamma-decay experiments, respectively. A 4 pi proportional counter and fast tape transport system...

  10. Neutrinoless double-{beta} decay: Status and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilenky, S. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)], E-mail: bilenky@he.sissa.it

    2006-12-15

    A brief summary of the status of neutrino masses, mixing, and oscillations is presented. Neutrinoless double {beta} decay is considered. Predictions for the effective Majorana mass are reviewed. A possible test of the calculations of nuclear matrix elements of the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay is proposed.

  11. The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment Pre-conceptual Design Proposal November 22 Motivation for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.1 Community Guidance Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.5 Next

  12. Congressional Research Service ~ The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    Congressional Research Service ~ The Library of Congress CRS Report for Congress Received through General Principles and Recent Trends Summary The Supreme Court has expressed an interest "that Congress of the language it adopts." This report identifies and describes some of the more important rules and conventions

  13. Integrated Functions of Transforming Growth Factor Beta, Latency Associated Peptide, and Integrins During Early Porcine Pregnancy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massuto, Dana A.

    2011-02-22

    . Integrins and growth factors are among many molecules likely involved in controlling implantation. Numerous integrins (ITG), including subunits ITGAV (alpha v), ITGB1 (beta 1), ITGB3 (beta 3), and ITGB5 (beta 5), and transforming growth factor betas (TGFBs...

  14. Neutrino minimal standard model predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bezrukov, F. [Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary prospect 7a, Moscow 117312 (Russian Federation) and Institut de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2005-10-01

    Prediction of the effective Majorana mass for neutrinoless double {beta} decay in a simple extension of the standard model ({nu}MSM) is given. The model adds three right-handed neutrinos with masses smaller than the electroweak scale and explains dark matter of the Universe. This leads to constraints 1.3beta}}{sub {beta}}{sup NH}<3.4 meV in normal neutrino mass hierarchy and 13beta}}{sub {beta}}{sup IH}<50 meV in inverted hierarchy.

  15. The GERDA Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majorovits, Bela A. [Max Planck Institut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany)

    2007-10-12

    Neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta})-decay is the key process to gain understanding of the nature of neutrinos. The GErmanium Detector Array (GERDA) is designed to search for 0{nu}{beta}{beta}-decay of the isotope {sup 76}Ge. Germanium crystals enriched in {sup 76}Ge, acting as source and detector simultaneously, will be submerged directly into an ultra pure cooling medium that also serves as a radiation shield. This concept will allow for a reduction of the background by up to two orders of magnitudes with respect to earlier experiments.

  16. Review of Dick Vitale and Dick Weiss. Holding Court: Reflections of the Game I Love and John Feinstein. Winter Games.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedge, Philip

    1997-01-01

    to Home in the latter category. Christopher Moinet Dick Vitale with Dick Weiss. Holding Court: Reflections on the Game I hove. Indianapolis: Masters, 1995. 271 pp. $22.95. John Feinstein. Winter Games. Boston: Little, 1995. 277 pp. $21.95. In his... Introduction, Vitale stresses his "passion and enthusiasm" for basketball, and what ESPN viewer couldn't sense that in listening to the typical Vitale commentary? However, I felt less than enthusiastic about this book. Filled with tributes to coaches...

  17. JUNO and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao-Feng Ge; Werner Rodejohann

    2015-07-20

    We study the impact of the precision determination of oscillation parameters in the JUNO experiment on half-life predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We show that the solar neutrino mixing angle can be measured by JUNO with below 1% uncertainty. This implies in particular that the minimal value of the effective mass in the inverted mass ordering will be known essentially without uncertainty. We demonstrate that this reduces the range of half-life predictions in order to test this value by a factor of two. The remaining uncertainty is caused by nuclear matrix elements. This has important consequences for future double beta decay experiments that aim at ruling out the inverted mass ordering or the Majorana nature of neutrinos.

  18. Importance of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utpal Sarkar

    2007-12-17

    A natural explanation for the smallness of the neutrino mass requires them to be Majorana particles violating lepton number by two units. Since lepton number violation can have several interesting consequences in particle physics and cosmology, it is of utmost importance to find out if there is lepton number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can answer these questions: if there is lepton number violation and if neutrinos are Majorana particles. In addition, the magnitude of neutrinoless double beta decay will constrain any other lepton number violating processes. This lepton number violation may also be relatd to the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe, dark matter and cosmological constant.

  19. JUNO and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Shao-Feng

    2015-01-01

    We study the impact of the precision determination of oscillation parameters in the JUNO experiment on half-life predictions for neutrinoless double beta decay. We show that the solar neutrino mixing angle can be measured by JUNO with below 1% uncertainty. This implies in particular that the minimal value of the effective mass in the inverted mass ordering will be known essentially without uncertainty. We demonstrate that this reduces the range of half-life predictions in order to test this value by a factor of two. The remaining uncertainty is caused by nuclear matrix elements. This has important consequences for future double beta decay experiments that aim at ruling out the inverted mass ordering or the Majorana nature of neutrinos.

  20. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and its "Inverse"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens A. Heusch; Peter Minkowski

    1996-11-18

    Recent considerations by these authors pointed out the attractive features which a search for the exchange of heavy Majorana neutrinos could have for solving the mass and the lepton number puzzles for all neutrinos, in TeV-level electron-electron scattering. In the present note, we show that, contrary to subsequently published arguments, non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay has, to date, no bearing on the promise of this important task for future linear electron colliders.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Particle Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner Rodejohann

    2010-11-22

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a process of fundamental importance for particle physics. It can be mediated by light massive Majorana neutrinos (standard interpretation) or by something else (non-standard interpretations). We review its dependence on the neutrino parameters, its complementarity to other observables sensitive to neutrino mass, and emphasize its ability to distinguish different neutrino mass models. Then we discuss mechanisms different from light Majorana neutrino exchange, and show what can be learned from those and how they could be tested.

  2. Results of the radiological survey at 9 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ042)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.

    1989-11-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 9 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ042), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. 4 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Results of the radiological survey at 6 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ041)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.; Crutcher, J.W.

    1989-06-01

    Maywood Chemical works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rate earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally /sup 232/Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 6 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ041), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. Results of the survey demonstrated radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Act program criteria. The radionuclide distributions are typical of the type of material originating from the MCW site. 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. Results of the radiological survey at 3 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ038)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.

    1989-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 3 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ038), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. 4 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Results of the radiological survey at 2 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ036)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.; Crutcher, J.W.

    1989-06-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1961 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally /sup 232/Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 2 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ036), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. Results of the survey demonstrated radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions are typical of the type of material originating from the MCW site.

  6. Results of the radiological survey at 1 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ034)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.

    1989-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 1 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ034), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area. 4 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Results of the radiological survey at 4 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ037)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.R.; Crutcher, J.W.

    1989-06-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally /sup 232/Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 4 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ037), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. However, this property is apparently located directly over the old Lodi Brook streambed. This factor in combination with the elevated gamma logs of several auger holes is sufficient to recommend this site for inclusion in the DOE remedial action program. 5 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Results of the radiological survey at 5 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ039)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foley, R.D.; Floyd, L.M.; Carrier, R.F.

    1989-11-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Th, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 5 Branca Court, Lodi, New Jersey (LJ039), was conducted during 1985 and 1986. 4 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. On the possibility to search for double beta decay of initially unstable (alpha/beta radioactive) nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. I. Tretyak; F. A. Danevich; S. S. Nagorny; Yu. G. Zdesenko

    2004-04-13

    Possibilities to search for double beta decay of alpha/beta unstable nuclei, many of which have higher energy release than "conventional" (beta stable) double beta decay candidates, are discussed. First experimental half-life limits on double beta decay of radioactive nuclides from U and Th families (trace contaminants of the CaWO_4, CdWO_4 and Gd_2SiO_5 scintillators) were established by reanalyzing the data of low-background measurements in the Solotvina Underground Laboratory with these detectors (1734 h with CaWO_4, 13316 h with CdWO_4, and 13949 h with Gd_2SiO_5 crystals).

  10. Demonstration of coherent emission from high-$\\beta$ photonic crystal nanolasers at room temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hostein, Richard; Gratiet, Luc Le; Talneau, Anne; Beaudoin, Gregoire; Robert-Philip, Isabelle; Sagnes, Isabelle; Beveratos, Alexios

    2010-01-01

    We report on lasing at room temperature and at telecommunications wavelength from photonic crystal nanocavities based on InAsP/InP quantum dots. Such laser cavities with a small modal volume and high quality factor display a high spontaneous emission coupling factor beta. Lasing is confirmed by measuring the second order autocorrelation function. A smooth transition from chaotic to coherent emission is observed, and coherent emission is obtained at 8 times the threshold power.

  11. The BetaCage, an ultra-sensitive screener for surface contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Bunker; Z. Ahmed; M. A. Bowles; S. R. Golwala; D. R. Grant; M. Kos; R. H. Nelson; R. W. Schnee; A. Rider; B. Wang; A. Zahn

    2014-04-23

    Material screening for identifying low-energy electron emitters and alpha-decaying isotopes is now a prerequisite for rare-event searches (e.g., dark-matter direct detection and neutrinoless double-beta decay) for which surface radiocontamination has become an increasingly important background. The BetaCage, a gaseous neon time-projection chamber, is a proposed ultra-sensitive (and nondestructive) screener for alpha- and beta-emitting surface contaminants to which existing screening facilities are insufficiently sensitive. Sensitivity goals are 0.1 betas per keV-m$^2$-day and 0.1 alphas per m$^2$-day, with the former limited by Compton scattering of photons in the screening samples and (thanks to tracking) the latter expected to be signal-limited; radioassays and simulations indicate backgrounds from detector materials and radon daughters should be subdominant. We report on details of the background simulations and detector design that provide the discrimination, shielding, and radiopurity necessary to reach our sensitivity goals for a chamber with a 95$\\times$95 cm$^2$ sample area positioned below a 40 cm drift region and monitored by crisscrossed anode and cathode planes consisting of 151 wires each.

  12. Human interleukin 2 receptor. beta. -chain gene: Chromosomal localization and identification of 5 prime regulatory sequences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gnarra, J.R.; Otani, Hiroki; Wang, M.G.; McBride, O.W.; Sharon, M.; Leonard, W.J. )

    1990-05-01

    Interleukin 2 (IL-2) binds to and stimulates activated T cells through high-affinity IL-2 receptors (IL-2Rs). Such receptors represent a complex consisting of at least two proteins, the 55-kDa IL-2R{alpha} chain and the 70-kDa IL-2R{beta} chain. The low-affinity, IL-2R{alpha} chain cannot by itself transduce a mitogenic signal, whereas IL-2 stimulates resting lymphocytes through the intermediate-affinity, IL-2R{beta} receptor. The authors report here identification of the genomic locus for IL-2R{beta}. The exons are contained on four EcoRI fragments of 1.1, 9.2, 7.2, and 13.7 kilobases. The 1.1-kilobase EcoRI fragment lies at the 5{prime}-most end of the genomic locus and contains promoter sequences. The promoter contains no TATA box-like elements but does contain the d(GT){sub n} class of middle repetitive elements, which may play an interesting regulatory role. The IL-2R{beta} gene is localized to chromosome 22q11.2-q12, a region that is the locus for several lymphoid neoplasias.

  13. Status of double beta decay experiments using isotopes other than Xe-136

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Pandola

    2014-03-13

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a lepton-number violating process predicted by many extensions of the standard model. It is actively searched for in several candidate isotopes within many experimental projects. The status of the experimental initiatives which are looking for the neutrinoless double beta decay in isotopes other than Xe-136 is reviewed, with special emphasis given to the projects that passed the R&D phase. The results recently released by the experiment GERDA are also summarized and discussed. The GERDA data give no positive indication of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 and disfavor in a model-independent way the long-standing observation claim on the same isotope. The lower limit reported by GERDA for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 is T1/2 > 2.1e25 yr (90% C.L.), or T1/2 > 3.0e25 yr, when combined with the results of other Ge-76 predecessor experiments.

  14. The BetaCage, an ultra-sensitive screener for surface contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bunker, R.; Bowles, M. A.; Schnee, R. W.; Wang, B. [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States); Ahmed, Z.; Golwala, S. R.; Nelson, R. H.; Rider, A.; Zahn, A. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Grant, D. R. [University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R3 (Canada)] [University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R3 (Canada); Kos, M. [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2013-08-08

    Material screening for identifying low-energy electron emitters and alpha-decaying isotopes is now a prerequisite for rare-event searches (e.g., dark-matter direct detection and neutrinoless double-beta decay) for which surface radiocon-tamination has become an increasingly important background. The BetaCage, a gaseous neon time-projection chamber, is a proposed ultra-sensitive (and nondestructive) screener for alpha-and beta-emitting surface contaminants to which existing screening facilities are insufficiently sensitive. Sensitivity goals are 0.1 betas keV{sup ?1} m{sup ?2} day{sup ?1} and 0.1 alphas m{sup ?2} day{sup ?1}, with the former limited by Compton scattering of photons in the screening samples and (thanks to tracking) the latter expected to be signal-limited; radioassays and simulations indicate backgrounds from detector materials and radon daughters should be subdominant. We report on details of the background simulations and detector design that provide the discrimination, shielding, and radiopurity necessary to reach our sensitivity goals for a chamber with a 95 × 95 cm{sup 2} sample area positioned below a 40 cm drift region and monitored by crisscrossed anode and cathode planes consisting of 151 wires each.

  15. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) regulates myogenesis and {beta}1 integrin expression in vitro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lluri, Gentian; Langlois, Garret D. [Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 149 Beaumont Ave., HSRF 418, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States); Soloway, Paul D. [Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Jaworski, Diane M. [Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 149 Beaumont Ave., HSRF 418, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States)], E-mail: diane.jaworski@uvm.edu

    2008-01-01

    Myogenesis in vitro involves myoblast cell cycle arrest, migration, and fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. Extracellular matrix (ECM) integrity during these processes is maintained by the opposing actions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteases and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Here, we report that TIMP-2, MMP-2, and MT1-MMP are differentially expressed during mouse myoblast differentiation in vitro. A specific role for TIMP-2 in myogenesis is demonstrated by altered TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotube formation. When differentiated in horse serum-containing medium, TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotubes are larger than wild-type myotubes. In contrast, when serum-free medium is used, TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotubes are smaller than wild-type myotubes. Regardless of culture condition, myotube size is directly correlated with MMP activity and inversely correlated with {beta}1 integrin expression. Treatment with recombinant TIMP-2 rescues reduced TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotube size and induces increased MMP-9 activation and decreased {beta}1 integrin expression. Treatment with either MMP-2 or MMP-9 similarly rescues reduced myotube size, but has no effect on {beta}1 integrin expression. These data suggest a specific regulatory relationship between TIMP-2 and {beta}1 integrin during myogenesis. Elucidating the role of TIMP-2 in myogenesis in vitro may lead to new therapeutic options for the use of TIMP-2 in myopathies and muscular dystrophies in vivo.

  16. Equilibrium pressure measurements in the beta region of palladium protide and palladium deuteride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carstens, D.H.W.; David, W.R.

    1989-03-01

    We have measured the pressure-composition isotherms of the palladium-deuterium and palladium-protium systems in the beta region of both and the plateau region of the protide. For these two systems, data were measured at pressures up to about 3.5 MPa (500 psi) and at temperatures from 173 to 473 K. This study extends to a greater pressure and temperature regime the work on palladium hydrides reported previously by other authors. We also report results of an empirical analytical fit to the data for these two isotope systems. For completeness, we have applied our analysis to previously reported data for the tritide. The data were fit to an equation of the form P = exp/A + 2ln(R/(1 - R))-(B - CR)/T/ + exp(D + E/T), where R is the hydrogen-to-metal atomic ratio, P is the pressure, and T is the temperature. A, B, C, D, and E are empirically determined parameters and differ for absorbing and desorbing systems of each isotope. This equation gives a good fit to the data in the beta region of the absorption curves but a poorer fit in the alpha plus beta (plateau) region. 15 refs., 6 figs.

  17. Chiral Two-body Currents and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menendez, Javier [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany); ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2011-12-16

    The nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) of neutrinoless double-beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay are studied using weak currents derived in the framework of chiral effective field theory. Apart from the standard one-body (1b) currents, it is shown that two-body (2b) currents contribute to weak processes. The normal-ordered 1b part of 2b currents modifies the Gamow-Teller (GT){sigma}{tau}{sup -} part of the 1b current, contributing to the well-known quenching of GT single-{beta} decays. The momentum-transfer dependence of the quenching due to 2b currents is also predicted. Therefore, including 2b currents allows to address, microscopically, the problem of the axial weak coupling (g{sub A}) value, which is the biggest uncertainty in the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay NME calculations for all available methods.

  18. Neutrinoless double beta decay and QCD corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namit Mahajan

    2014-01-30

    We consider one loop QCD corrections and renormalization group running of the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude focusing on the short-range part of the amplitude (without the light neutrino exchange) and find that these corrections can be sizeable. Depending on the operator under consideration, there can be moderate to large cancellations or significant enhancements. We discuss several specific examples in this context. Such large corrections will lead to significant shifts in the half-life estimates which currently are known to be plagued with the uncertainties due to nuclear physics inputs to the physical matrix elements.

  19. Observation of Two-Neutrino Double-Beta Decay in [superscript 136]Xe with the EXO-200 Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldman, Samuel J.

    We report the observation of two-neutrino double-beta decay in [superscript 136]Xe with T[subscript 1/2]=2.11±0.04(stat)±0.21(syst)×10[superscript 21]??yr. This second-order process, predicted by the standard model, has ...

  20. Proceedings of the Department of Energy workshop on beta measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinth, K.L.; Vallario, E.J.

    1987-09-01

    Participants discussed current practices, efforts to upgrade the quality of beta measurements, and initiatives necessary to improve the measurement and control of beta doses. This proceedings includes papers presented at the workshop, transcripts of panel and open discussions, and documentation of question and answer sessions. The information exchange resulting from this meeting is expected to provide a clearer focus on the problems of beta measurements.

  1. Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Nasteva; for the NEMO 3 Collaboration

    2008-10-03

    The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two-neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two-neutrino half-life results are presented, together with the limits on neutrinoless half-lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by Rp-violating SUSY, right-hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

  2. Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasteva, Irina [Particle Physics Group, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

    2008-11-23

    The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two-neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two-neutrino half-life results are presented, together with the limits on neutrinoless half-lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by R{sub p}-violating SUSY, right-hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

  3. Labeled ALPHA4BETA2 ligands and methods therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Pichika, Ramaiah; Potkin, Steven; Leslie, Frances; Chattopadhyay, Sankha

    2013-02-19

    Contemplated compositions and methods are employed to bind in vitro and in vivo to an .alpha.4.beta.2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in a highly selective manner. Where such compounds are labeled, compositions and methods employing such compounds can be used for PET and SPECT analysis. Alternatively, and/or additionally contemplated compounds can be used as antagonists, partial agonists or agonists in the treatment of diseases or conditions associated with .alpha.4.beta..beta.2 dysfunction.

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Supersymmetric Seesaw model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tai-Fu Feng; Xue-Qian Li; Yan-An Luo

    2002-09-26

    Inspired by the recent HEIDELBERG-MOSCOW double beta decay experiment, we discuss the neutrinoless double beta decay in the supersymmetric seesaw model. Our numerical analysis indicates that we can naturally explain the data of the observed neutrinoless double beta decay, as well as that of the solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments with at least one Majorana-like sneutrino of middle energy scale in the model.

  5. Nuclear structure aspects of neutrinoless {beta}{beta} decay: limits on the electron neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Civitarese, O. [Department of Physics. University of La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Suhonen, J. [Department of Physics. University of Jyvaeskyla, (Finland)

    2007-02-12

    We discuss some features of the nuclear structure elements participant in the calculation of the mass sector of the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay, and the consequences upon the adopted limits of the electron-neutrino mass.

  6. Results on Dark Matter and beta beta decay modes by DAMA at Gran Sasso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Bernabei

    2007-05-21

    DAMA is an observatory for rare processes and it is operative deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory of the I.N.F.N. (LNGS). Here some arguments will be presented on the investigation on dark matter particles by annual modulation signature and on some of the realized double beta decay searches.

  7. Physics Potential of the gamma=100,100 Beta Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mezzetto

    2005-11-02

    The physics potential of a Beta Beam fired from CERN to a 440 kton water Cerenkov detector at a distance of 130 Km is computed.

  8. Majorana Neutrino Masses from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; K. Whisnant

    1999-04-08

    When three Majorana neutrinos describe the solar and atmospheric neutrino data via oscillations, a nonzero measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  9. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John N. Bahcall; Hitoshi Murayama; Carlos Pena-Garay

    2004-04-08

    We assess how well next generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experiments can answer four fundamental questions. 1) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known to be inverted hierarchy, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 2) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches are negative and a next generation ordinary beta decay experiment detects the neutrino mass scale, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 3) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed with a large neutrino mass element, what is the total mass in neutrinos? 4) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed but next generation beta decay searches for a neutrino mass only set a mass upper limit, can we establish whether the mass hierarchy is normal or inverted? We base our answers on the expected performance of next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements.

  10. Neutrinoless double beta decay can constrain neutrino dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Barger; S. L. Glashow; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

    2002-02-26

    We examine how constraints can be placed on the neutrino component of dark matter by an accurate measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  11. Low molecular weight thermostable .beta.-D-glucosidase from acidotherm...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Visual Patent Search Success Stories News Events Find More Like This Return to Search Low molecular weight thermostable .beta.-D-glucosidase from acidothermus cellulolyticus...

  12. Detection of alpha radiation in a beta radiation field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mohagheghi, Amir H. (Albuquerque, NM); Reese, Robert P. (Edgewood, NM)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus and method for detecting alpha particles in the presence of high activities of beta particles utilizing an alpha spectrometer. The apparatus of the present invention utilizes a magnetic field applied around the sample in an alpha spectrometer to deflect the beta particles from the sample prior to reaching the detector, thus permitting detection of low concentrations of alpha particles. In the method of the invention, the strength of magnetic field required to adequately deflect the beta particles and permit alpha particle detection is given by an algorithm that controls the field strength as a function of sample beta energy and the distance of the sample to the detector.

  13. Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012) | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Batteries (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage Program is funding research to further develop a novel planar design for...

  14. Neutron Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Interactions in the CUORE Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment Dolinski, M J 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS;...

  15. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search for Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay of Germanium-76 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR: A Search...

  16. SNL-EFDC V0.0 BETA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002401WKSTN00 SNL-EFDC (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code) v. 0.0 beta  http://sourceforge.net/projects/snl-efdc/ 

  17. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements. Authors: Bahcall, John N. ; Murayama, Hitoshi ; Pena-Garay, Carlos...

  18. A background free double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioannis Giomataris

    2010-12-20

    We present a new detection scheme for rejecting backgrounds in neutrino less double beta decay experiments. It relies on the detection of Cherenkov light emitted by electrons in the MeV region. The momentum threshold is tuned to reach a good discrimination between background and good events. We consider many detector concepts and a range of target materials. The most promising is a high-pressure 136Xe emitter for which the required energy threshold is easily adjusted. Combination of this concept and a high pressure Time Projection Chamber could provide an optimal solution. A simple and low cost effective solution is to use the Spherical Proportional Counter that provides two delayed signals from ionization and Cherenkov light. In solid-state double beta decay emitters, because of their higher density, the considered process is out of energy range. An alternative solution could be the development of double decay emitters with lower density by using for instance the aerogel technique. It is surprising that a technology used for particle identification in high-energy physics becomes a powerful tool for rejecting backgrounds in such low-energy experiments.

  19. MCNP(TM) Release 6.1.1 beta: Creating and Testing the Code Distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, Lawrence J. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Casswell, Laura [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-06-12

    This report documents the preparations for and testing of the production release of MCNP6™1.1 beta through RSICC at ORNL. It addresses tests on supported operating systems (Linux, MacOSX, Windows) with the supported compilers (Intel, Portland Group and gfortran). Verification and Validation test results are documented elsewhere. This report does not address in detail the overall packaging of the distribution. Specifically, it does not address the nuclear and atomic data collection, the other included software packages (MCNP5, MCNPX and MCNP6) and the collection of reference documents.

  20. Performance of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic scintillating bolometer to search for double beta decay of molybdenum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Gironi; C. Arnaboldi; J. W. Beeman; O. Cremonesi; F. A. Danevich; V. Ya. Degoda; L. I. Ivleva; L. L. Nagornaya; M. Pavan; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; V. I. Tretyak; I. A. Tupitsyna

    2010-10-01

    Zinc molybdate (ZnMoO4) single crystals were grown for the first time by the Czochralski method and their luminescence was measured under X ray excitation in the temperature range 85-400 K. Properties of ZnMoO4 crystal as cryogenic low temperature scintillator were checked for the first time. Radioactive contamination of the ZnMoO4 crystal was estimated as <0.3 mBq/kg (228-Th) and 8 mBq/kg (226-Ra). Thanks to the simultaneous measurement of the scintillation light and the phonon signal, the alpha particles can be discriminated from the gamma/beta interactions, making this compound extremely promising for the search of neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 100-Mo. We also report on the ability to discriminate the alpha-induced background without the light measurement, thanks to a different shape of the thermal signal that characterizes gamma/beta and alpha particle interactions.

  1. {beta} decay spectroscopy of {sup 192}Pt and the nature of 0{sup +} excitations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Werner, V.; Winkler, R.; Williams, E.; Cakirli, R. B.; Guerdal, G.; Liang, X.

    2008-07-15

    Excited states in {sup 192}Pt were populated in {beta}{sup +}/{epsilon} decay and studied through off-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. New coincidence data give no support for several reported low-energy, low-spin states proposed in {beta} decay and lead to a substantially revised level scheme. The structure of {sup 192}Pt is discussed in terms of both single-space IBA-1 calculations and two-space IBA calculations with configuration mixing. Both models together suggest that it is the perhaps the 0{sub 4}{sup +} state that corresponds to an intruder excitation, resulting from the excitation of a pair of protons across the Z=82 closed shell.

  2. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of $^{130}$Te with CUORE-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Alfonso; D. R. Artusa; F. T. Avignone III; O. Azzolini; M. Balata; T. I. Banks; G. Bari; J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; A. Bersani; M. Biassoni; C. Brofferio; C. Bucci; A. Caminata; L. Canonica; X. G. Cao; S. Capelli; L. Cappelli; L. Carbone; L. Cardani; N. Casali; L. Cassina; D. Chiesa; N. Chott; M. Clemenza; S. Copello; C. Cosmelli; O. Cremonesi; R. J. Creswick; J. S. Cushman; I. Dafinei; A. Dally; S. Dell'Oro; M. M. Deninno; S. DiDomizio; M. L. DiVacri; A. Drobizhev; L. Ejzak; D. Q. Fang; M. Faverzani; G. Fernandes; E. Ferri; F. Ferroni; E. Fiorini; S. J. Freedman; B. K. Fujikawa; A. Giachero; L. Gironi; A. Giuliani; P. Gorla; C. Gotti; T. D. Gutierrez; E. E. Haller; K. Han; E. Hansen; K. M. Heeger; R. Hennings-Yeomans; K. P. Hickerson; H. Z. Huang; R. Kadel; G. Keppel; Yu. G. Kolomensky; K. E. Lim; X. Liu; Y. G. Ma; M. Maino; M. Martinez; R. H. Maruyama; Y. Mei; N. Moggi; S. Morganti; S. Nisi; C. Nones; E. B. Norman; A. Nucciotti; T. O'Donnell; F. Orio; D. Orlandi; J. L. Ouellet; C. E. Pagliarone; M. Pallavicini; V. Palmieri; L. Pattavina; M. Pavan; M. Pedretti; G. Pessina; V. Pettinacci; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; S. Pozzi; E. Previtali; C. Rosenfeld; C. Rusconi; E. Sala; S. Sangiorgio; D. Santone; N. D. Scielzo; M. Sisti; A. R. Smith; L. Taffarello; M. Tenconi; F. Terranova; C. Tomei; S. Trentalange; G. Ventura; M. Vignati; S. L. Wagaarachchi; B. S. Wang; H. W. Wang; L. Wielgus; J. Wilson; L. A. Winslow; T. Wise; L. Zanotti; C. Zarra; G. Q. Zhang; B. X. Zhu; S. Zucchelli

    2015-04-09

    We report the results of a search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in a 9.8~kg$\\cdot$yr exposure of $^{130}$Te using a bolometric detector array, CUORE-0. The characteristic detector energy resolution and background level in the region of interest are $5.1\\pm 0.3{\\rm~keV}$ FWHM and $0.058 \\pm 0.004\\,(\\mathrm{stat.})\\pm 0.002\\,(\\mathrm{syst.})$~counts/(keV$\\cdot$kg$\\cdot$yr), respectively. The median 90%~C.L. lower-limit sensitivity of the experiment is $2.9\\times 10^{24}~{\\rm yr}$ and surpasses the sensitivity of previous searches. We find no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{130}$Te and place a Bayesian lower bound on the decay half-life, $T^{0\

  3. Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Giunti

    2003-08-20

    After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

  4. Constraining four neutrino mass patterns from neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandip Pakvasa; Probir Roy

    2002-04-19

    All existing data on neutrino oscillations (including those from the LSND experiment) imply a four neutrino scheme with six different allowed mass patterns. Some of the latter are shown to be disfavored by using a conservative upper bound on the $\\beta beta 0 \

  5. Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

    2006-01-01

    We have measured the beta-decay branching ratio for the transition from Na-21 to the first excited state of Ne-21. A recently published test of the standard model, which was based on a measurement of the beta-nu correlation ...

  6. Significant neutrinoless double beta decay with quasi-Dirac neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei-Hong Gu

    2012-09-13

    A significant signal of neutrinoless double beta decay can be consistent with the existence of light quasi-Dirac neutrinos. To demonstrate this possibility, we consider a realistic model where the neutrino masses and the neutrinoless double beta decay can be simultaneously generated after a Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking.

  7. TGF-{beta}-stimulated aberrant expression of class III {beta}-tubulin via the ERK signaling pathway in cultured retinal pigment epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Eun Jee [Department of Ophthalmology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Ophthalmology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do (Korea, Republic of); Chun, Ji Na; Jung, Sun-Ah [Konyang University Myunggok Medical Research Institute, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Konyang University Myunggok Medical Research Institute, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Jin Won [Department of Biology, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biology, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Joon H., E-mail: joonhlee@konyang.ac.kr [Konyang University Myunggok Medical Research Institute, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-11-18

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TGF-{beta} induces aberrant expression of {beta}III in RPE cells via the ERK pathway. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TGF-{beta} increases O-GlcNAc modification of {beta}III in RPE cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mature RPE cells have the capacity to express a neuron-associated gene by TGF-{beta}. -- Abstract: The class III {beta}-tubulin isotype ({beta}{sub III}) is expressed exclusively by neurons within the normal human retina and is not present in normal retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in situ or in the early phase of primary cultures. However, aberrant expression of class III {beta}-tubulin has been observed in passaged RPE cells and RPE cells with dedifferentiated morphology in pathologic epiretinal membranes from idiopathic macular pucker, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Transforming growth factor-{beta} (TGF-{beta}) has been implicated in dedifferentiation of RPE cells and has a critical role in the development of proliferative vitreoretinal diseases. Here, we investigated the potential effects of TGF-{beta} on the aberrant expression of class III {beta}-tubulin and the intracellular signaling pathway mediating these changes. TGF-{beta}-induced aberrant expression and O-linked-{beta}-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNac) modification of class III {beta}-tubulin in cultured RPE cells as determined using Western blotting, RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. TGF-{beta} also stimulated phosphorylation of ERK. TGF-{beta}-induced aberrant expression of class III {beta}-tubulin was significantly reduced by pretreatment with U0126, an inhibitor of ERK phosphorylation. Our findings indicate that TGF-{beta} stimulated aberrant expression of class III {beta}-tubulin via activation of the ERK signaling pathway. These data demonstrate that mature RPE cells have the capacity to express a neuron-associated gene in response to TGF-{beta} stimulation and provide useful information towards understanding the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinal diseases.

  8. Correlations and the neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menendez, J.; Poves, A. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, and IFT, UAM-CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049-Madrid (Spain); Caurier, E.; Nowacki, F. [IPHC, IN2P3-CNRS/Universite Louis Pasteur, 67037-Strasbourg (France)

    2009-11-09

    We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME), concluding that the difference in deformation -or more generally on the amount of quadrupole correlations- between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenchs strongly the decay. We discuss how varies the nuclear matrix element of {sup 76}Ge decay when the wave functions of the two nuclei involved in the transition are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies. In the Interacting Shell Model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations, whereas in the QRPA the NME's are reduced by 20%-30%, thus, the discrepancies between both approaches diminish.

  9. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with SNO+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hartnell; for the SNO+ collaboration

    2012-01-30

    SNO+ will search for neutrinoless double beta decay by loading 780 tonnes of linear alkylbenzene liquid scintillator with O(tonne) of neodymium. Using natural Nd at 0.1% loading will provide 43.7 kg of 150Nd given its 5.6% abundance and allow the experiment to reach a sensitivity to the effective neutrino mass of 100-200 meV at 90% C.L in a 3 year run. The SNO+ detector has ultra low backgrounds with 7000 tonnes of water shielding and self-shielding of the scintillator. Distillation and several other purification techniques will be used with the aim of achieving Borexino levels of backgrounds. The experiment is fully funded and data taking with light-water will commence in 2012 with scintillator data following in 2013.

  10. Double beta decay and neutrino mass models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helo, J C; Ota, T; Santos, F A Pereira dos

    2015-01-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay allows to constrain lepton number violating extensions of the standard model. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, the mass mechanism will always contribute to the decay rate, however, it is not a priori guaranteed to be the dominant contribution in all models. Here, we discuss whether the mass mechanism dominates or not from the theory point of view. We classify all possible (scalar-mediated) short-range contributions to the decay rate according to the loop level, at which the corresponding models will generate Majorana neutrino masses, and discuss the expected relative size of the different contributions to the decay rate in each class. We also work out the phenomenology of one concrete 2-loop model in which both, mass mechanism and short-range diagram, might lead to competitive contributions, in some detail.

  11. Mutant HNF-1{alpha} and mutant HNF-1{beta} identified in MODY3 and MODY5 downregulate DPP-IV gene expression in Caco-2 cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu Ning [Laboratory of Metabolism, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Laboratory of Neurochemistry, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Adachi, Tetsuya [Department of Genomic Drug Discovery Science, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Matsunaga, Tetsuro [Laboratory of Metabolism, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Takeda, Jun [Department of Endocrinology Diabetes and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu (Japan); Tsujimoto, Gozoh [Department of Genomic Drug Discovery Science, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Ishihara, Akihiko [Laboratory of Neurochemistry, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Yasuda, Koichiro [Laboratory of Metabolism, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Diabetic Center, Tsunashimakai-Kosei Hospital, Himeji (Japan); Tsuda, Kinsuke [Laboratory of Metabolism, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)]. E-mail: jinkan@tom.life.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp

    2006-08-04

    Dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP-IV) is a well-documented drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Hepatocyte nuclear factors (HNF)-1{alpha} and HNF-1{beta}, known as the causal genes of MODY3 and MODY5, respectively, have been reported to be involved in regulation of DPP-IV gene expression. But, it is not completely clear (i) that they play roles in regulation of DPP-IV gene expression, and (ii) whether DPP-IV gene activity is changed by mutant HNF-1{alpha} and mutant HNF-1{beta} in MODY3 and MODY5. To explore these questions, we investigated transactivation effects of wild HNF-1{alpha} and 13 mutant HNF-1{alpha}, as well as wild HNF-1{beta} and 2 mutant HNF-1{beta}, on DPP-IV promoter luciferase gene in Caco-2 cells by means of a transient experiment. Both wild HNF-1{alpha} and wild HNF-1{beta} significantly transactivated DPP-IV promoter, but mutant HNF-1{alpha} and mutant HNF-1{beta} exhibited low transactivation activity. Moreover, to study whether mutant HNF-1{alpha} and mutant HNF-1{beta} change endogenous DPP-IV enzyme activity, we produced four stable cell lines from Caco-2 cells, in which wild HNF-1{alpha} or wild HNF-1{beta}, or else respective dominant-negative mutant HNF-1{alpha}T539fsdelC or dominant-negative mutant HNF-1{beta}R177X, was stably expressed. We found that DPP-IV gene expression and enzyme activity were significantly increased in wild HNF-1{alpha} cells and wild HNF-1{beta} cells, whereas they decreased in HNF-1{alpha}T539fsdelC cells and HNF-1{beta}R177X cells, compared with DPP-IV gene expression and enzyme activity in Caco-2 cells. These results suggest that both wild HNF-1{alpha} and wild HNF-1{beta} have a stimulatory effect on DPP-IV gene expression, but that mutant HNF-1{alpha} and mutant HNF-1{beta} attenuate the stimulatory effect.

  12. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Gauge Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. D. Vergados

    1999-07-12

    Neutrinoless double beta decay is a very important process both from the particle and nuclear physics point of view. Its observation will severely constrain the existing models and signal that the neutrinos are massive Majorana particles. From the elementary particle point of view it pops up in almost every model. In addition to the traditional mechanisms, like the neutrino mass, the admixture of right handed currents etc, it may occur due to the R-parity violating supersymmetric (SUSY) interactions. From the nuclear physics point of view it is challenging, because: 1) The relevant nuclei have complicated nuclear structure. 2) The energetically allowed transitions are exhaust a small part of all the strength. 3) One must cope with the short distance behavior of the transition operators, especially when the intermediate particles are heavy (eg in SUSY models). Thus novel effects, like the double beta decay of pions in flight between nucleons, have to be considered. 4) The intermediate momenta involved are about 100 MeV. Thus one has to take into account possible momentum dependent terms in the nucleon current. We find that, for the mass mechanism, such modifications of the nucleon current for light neutrinos reduce the nuclear matrix elements by about 25 per cent, almost regardless of the nuclear model. In the case of heavy neutrinos the effect is much larger and model dependent. Taking the above effects into account, the available nuclear matrix elements for the experimentally interesting nuclei A = 76, 82, 96, 100, 116, 128, 130, 136 and 150 and the experimental limits on the life times we have extracted new stringent limits on the average neutrino mass and on the R-parity violating coupling for various SUSY models.

  13. Beta-endorphin and alpha-n-acetyl beta-endorphin; synthesis, conformation and binding parameter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lovegren, E.S.

    1986-01-01

    Beta-endorphin (EP) is a 31-residue opioid peptide found in many tissues, including the pituitary, brain and reproductive tract. Alpha-amino-acetyl beta-endorphin (AcEP) was characterized spectroscopically by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and circular dichroism in deuterated water and trifluoroethanol (TFE). Both EP and AcEP bind to neuroblastoma N2a cells. This binding was not mediated through opiate receptors, and both peptides seemed to bind at common sites. Ovarian immunoreactive-EP levels were determined for immature and mature rates. These levels were found to be responsive to exogenous gonadotropin treatment in immature animals. A large percentage of the immunoreactive-EP is present in follicular fluid, and most of the endorphin-like peptides were acetylated, as measured by radioimmunoassay. Chromatogaphic analysis suggested at least three EP-like species: EP, a carboxy-terminally cleaved and an amino-terminally acetylated EP.

  14. Constraining Mass Spectra with Sterile Neutrinos from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Tritium Beta Decay and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srubabati Goswami; Werner Rodejohann

    2006-05-18

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the non-maximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  15. Constraining mass spectra with sterile neutrinos from neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay, and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, Srubabati [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211 019 (India); Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2006-06-01

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular, by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the nonmaximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  16. Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the Inverted Neutrino Hierarchy with Bolometric Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artusa, D. R.

    2014-01-01

    Exploring the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in the InvertedC. Giunti, Neutrinoless double-beta decay. A brief review,el- ements for neutrinoless double-beta decay and double-

  17. First results on neutrinoless double beta decay of Te-130 with the calorimetric cuoricino experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    Results on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130 Te with theEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay” arXiv:hep-on “Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay”- arXiv:hep-

  18. Sodium-Beta Batteries for Grid-Scale Storage: Planar Sodium-Beta Batteries for Renewable Integration and Grid Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-02-01

    Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: EaglePicher is developing a sodium-beta alumina (Na-Beta) battery for grid-scale energy storage. High-temperature Na-Beta batteries are a promising grid-scale energy storage technology, but existing approaches are expensive and unreliable. EaglePicher has modified the shape of the traditional, tubular-shaped Na-Beta battery. It is using an inexpensive stacked design to improve performance at lower temperatures, leading to a less expensive overall storage technology. The new design greatly simplifies the manufacturing process for beta alumina membranes (a key enabling technology), providing a subsequent pathway to the production of scalable, modular batteries at half the cost of the existing tubular designs.

  19. {beta}{sub {beta}} measurements of neutron-rich isotopes in the mass region 147{le}A{le}152

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikuta, T.; Taniguchi, A.; Yamamoto, H.; Kawade, K. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan); Kawase, Y. [Kyoto Univ., Osaka (Japan)

    1994-12-31

    The systematic Q{sub {beta}} measurements of 14 neutron-rich nuclei in the mass region from A=147 to A=152 have been performed with an HPGe detector. Neutron-rich nuclei were mass-separated from the thermal neutron induced fission of {sup 235}U using a He-N{sub 2} mixture-jet type on-line isotope separator which has been developed at the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR-ISOL). From a {beta}-ray singles and {beta}-{gamma} coincidence measurements, the Q{sub {beta}} values of {sup 147}La, {sup 147-150}Ce, {sup 147-152}Pr, {sup 152}Nd and {sup 152}Pm have been determined. In addition, the atomic masses derived from the experimental Q{sub {beta}} values are compared with the predictions of theoretical mass calculations.

  20. Sandia Energy - SNL-SWAN Beta Code Development: Frequency-Dependent...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Energy Water Power SNL-SWAN Beta Code Development: Frequency-Dependent Wave-Energy Converter (WEC) Module Previous Next SNL-SWAN Beta Code Development:...

  1. Experimental research of double beta decay of atomic nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. A. Danevich

    2011-12-26

    Results of several double beta decay experiments, performed with the help of low background crystal scintillators, are presented. In particular, the half-life value of the two-neutrino double beta decay of 116-Cd has been measured as 2.9 10^{19} yr, and the new half-life limit on the neutrinoless double beta decay of 116-Cd has been established as >1.7 10^{23} yr at 90%, which corresponds to a restriction on the neutrino mass <1.7 eV. New half-life bounds on the level of 10^{17}-10^{21} yr were set for double beta processes in 64-Zn, 70-Zn, 106-Cd, 108-Cd, 114-Cd, 136-Ce, 138-Ce, 142-Ce, 160-Gd, 180-W, and 186-W by using low-background CdWO4, GSO, and ZnWO4 crystal scintillators. The claim of discovery of the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76-Ge [Mod. Phys. Lett. A 16 (2001) 2409] was analyzed. The demands of the future high sensitivity double beta decay experiments, aiming to observe the neutrinoless double beta decay or to advance restrictions on the neutrino mass to < 0.01 eV, were considered. Requirements for their sensitivity and discovery potential were formulated. Two projects of double beta experiments with a sensitivity on the level of 10^{26}-10^{27} yr (CAMEO and CARVEL projects) were discussed. Scintillation properties and radioactive contamination of CaWO4, ZnWO4, CdWO4, PbWO4, GSO(Ce), CeF3, yttrium-aluminum garnet doped with neodymium (YAG:Nd) crystal scintillators were studied. Applicability of these scintillators to search for double beta decay was discussed.

  2. Beta-delayed proton emission from $^{21}$Mg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lund, M V; Briz, J A; Cederkäll, J; Fynbo, H O U; Jensen, J H; Jonson, B; Laursen, K L; Nilsson, T; Perea, A; Pesudo, V; Riisager, K; Tengblad, O

    2015-01-01

    Beta-delayed proton emission from $^{21}$Mg has been measured at ISOLDE, CERN, with a detection setup including particle identification capabilities. $\\beta$-delayed protons with center of mass energies between 0.39$\\,$MeV and 7.2$\\,$MeV were measured and used to determine the half life of $^{21}$Mg as $118.6\\pm 0.5\\,$ms. From a line shape fit of the $\\beta p$ branches we extract spectroscopic information about the resonances of $^{21}$Na. Finally an improved interpretation of the decay scheme in accordance with the results obtained in reaction studies is presented.

  3. Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks

  4. The Carbon-Rich Gas in the Beta Pictoris Circumstellar Disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aki Roberge; Paul D. Feldman; Alycia J. Weinberger; Magali Deleuil; Jean-Claude Bouret

    2006-04-20

    The edge-on disk surrounding the nearby young star Beta Pictoris is the archetype of the "debris disks", which are composed of dust and gas produced by collisions and evaporation of planetesimals, analogues of Solar System comets and asteroids. These disks provide a window on the formation and early evolution of terrestrial planets. Previous observations of Beta Pic concluded that the disk gas has roughly solar abundances of elements [1], but this poses a problem because such gas should be rapidly blown away from the star, contrary to observations of a stable gas disk in Keplerian rotation [1, 2]. Here we report the detection of singly and doubly ionized carbon (CII, CIII) and neutral atomic oxygen (OI) gas in the Beta Pic disk; measurement of these abundant volatile species permits a much more complete gas inventory. Carbon is extremely overabundant relative to every other measured element. This appears to solve the problem of the stable gas disk, since the carbon overabundance should keep the gas disk in Keplerian rotation [3]. New questions arise, however, since the overabundance may indicate the gas is produced from material more carbon-rich than the expected Solar System analogues.

  5. 3550 GENERAL ATOMICS COURT, SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-1122 P.O. BOX 85608, SAN DIEGO, CA 92186-5608 (858) 455-3000 May 10, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    3550 GENERAL ATOMICS COURT, SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-1122 P.O. BOX 85608, SAN DIEGO, CA 92186-5608 (858 Site/Bldg. 7 Rm. 119 3550 General Atomics Ct. San Diego, CA 92121 Reference: Operation of DIII of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 3 Lawrence Livermore

  6. The iA{beta}5p {beta}-breaker peptide regulates the A{beta}(25-35) interaction with lipid bilayers through a cholesterol-mediated mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitiello, Giuseppe [Department of Chemistry, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples (Italy) [Department of Chemistry, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples (Italy); CSGI (Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase), Florence (Italy)] [Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase; Italy; Grimaldi, Manuela; D'Ursi, Anna Maria [Department of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Salerno, Fisciano (Italy)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Salerno, Fisciano (Italy); D'Errico, Gerardino, E-mail: gerardino.derrico@unina.it [Department of Chemistry, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples (Italy) [Department of Chemistry, University of Naples 'Federico II', Naples (Italy); CSGI (Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase), Florence (Italy)] [Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase; Italy

    2012-01-06

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer iA{beta}5p shows a significant tendency to deeply penetrates the hydrophobic core of lipid membrane. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A{beta}(25-35) locates in the external region of the membrane causing a re-positioning of CHOL. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer iA{beta}5p withholds cholesterol in the inner hydrophobic core of the lipid membrane. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer iA{beta}5p prevents the A{beta}(25-35) release from the lipid membrane. -- Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the deposition of aggregates of the {beta}-amyloid peptide (A{beta}) in the brain. A potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease is the use of synthetic {beta}-sheet breaker peptides, which are capable of binding A{beta} but unable to become part of a {beta}-sheet structure, thus inhibiting the peptide aggregation. Many studies suggest that membranes play a key role in the A{beta} aggregation; consequently, it is strategic to investigate the interplay between {beta}-sheet breaker peptides and A{beta} in the presence of lipid bilayers. In this work, we focused on the effect of the {beta}-sheet breaker peptide acetyl-LPFFD-amide, iA{beta}5p, on the interaction of the A{beta}(25-35) fragment with lipid membranes, studied by Electron Spin Resonance spectroscopy, using spin-labeled membrane components (either phospholipids or cholesterol). The ESR results show that iA{beta}5p influences the A{beta}(25-35) interaction with the bilayer through a cholesterol-mediated mechanism: iA{beta}5p withholds cholesterol in the inner hydrophobic core of the bilayer, making the interfacial region more fluid and capable to accommodate A{beta}(25-35). As a consequence, iA{beta}5p prevents the A{beta}(25-35) release from the lipid membrane, which is the first step of the {beta}-amyloid aggregation process.

  7. Systematic trends in beta-delayed particle emitting nuclei: The case of beta-p-alpha emission from 21Mg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. V. Lund; M. J. G. Borge; J. A. Briz; J. Cederkäll; H. O. U. Fynbo; J. H. Jensen; B. Jonson; K. L. Laursen; T. Nilsson; A. Perea; V. Pesudo; K. Riisager; O. Tengblad

    2015-06-12

    We have observed beta+-delayed alpha and p-alpha emission from the proton-rich nucleus 21Mg produced at the ISOLDE facility at CERN. The assignments were cross-checked with a time distribution analysis. This is the third identified case of beta-p-alpha emission. We discuss the systematic of beta-delayed particle emission decays, show that our observed decays fit naturally into the existing pattern, and argue that the patterns are to a large extent caused by odd-even effects.

  8. The Press as an Interest Group: Mainstream Media in the United States Supreme Court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easton, Eric B.

    2007-01-01

    Reporters' Comm. For Freedom of Press, 445 U.S. 136 Lakewood283 U.S. 697 (1931) Neb. Press Ass'n v. Stuart, 427 U.S.U.S. 767 (1986) Pittsburgh Press Co. v. Pittsburgh Comm. On

  9. Status of Beta Beam R&D: Radioactive ion production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    ion to relativistic max Boosted neutrino energy spectrum: E 2Q boost 6He Beta-beam Forward focusing Target materials: Oxides Carbides Metal foils Li id t l Th Converter: Hg ~20 institutions EU suport

  10. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Heavy Deformed Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge G. Hirsch; O. Castaños; P. O. Hess

    1994-07-12

    The zero neutrino mode of the double beta decay in heavy deformed nuclei is investigated in the framework of the pseudo SU(3) model, which has provided an accurate description of collective nuclear structure and predicted half-lives for the two neutrino mode in good agreement with experiments. In the case of $^{238}U$ the calculated zero neutrino half-life is at least three orders of magnitude greater than the two neutrino one, giving strong support of the identification of the radiochemically determined half-life as being the two neutrino double beta decay. For $^{150}Nd$ the zero neutrino matrix elements are of the order of magnitude of, but lesser than, those evaluated using the QRPA. This result confirms that different nuclear models produce similar zero neutrino matrix elements, contrary to the two neutrino case. Using these pseudo SU(3) results and the upper limit for the neutrino mass we estimate the $\\beta\\beta_{0\

  11. Double beta decay experiments: beginning of a new era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2012-09-19

    The review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Results of the most sensitive experiments are discussed and values of modern limits on effective Majorana neutrino mass ($) are given. New results on two neutrino double beta decay are presented. The special attention is given to new current experiments with mass of studied isotopes more than 100 kg, EXO--200 and KamLAND--Zen. These experiments open a new era in research of double beta decay. In the second part of the review prospects of search for neutrinoless double beta decay in new experiments with sensitivity to $$ at the level of $\\sim 0.01-0.1$ eV are discussed. Parameters and characteristics of the most perspective projects (CUORE, GERDA, MAJORANA, SuperNEMO, EXO, KamLAND--Zen, SNO+) are given.

  12. Complementarity of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dodelson, Scott; Lykken, Joseph

    2014-03-20

    Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments constrain one combination of neutrino parameters, while cosmic surveys constrain another. This complementarity opens up an exciting range of possibilities. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, and the neutrino masses follow an inverted hierarchy, then the upcoming sets of both experiments will detect signals. The combined constraints will pin down not only the neutrino masses but also constrain one of the Majorana phases. If the hierarchy is normal, then a beta decay detection with the upcoming generation of experiments is unlikely, but cosmic surveys could constrain the sum of the masses to be relatively heavy, thereby producing a lower bound for the neutrinoless double beta decay rate, and therefore an argument for a next generation beta decay experiment. In this case as well, a combination of the phases will be constrained.

  13. Comment on "Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. E. Aalseth; F. T. Avignone III; A. Barabash; F. Boehm; R. L. Brodzinski; J. I. Collar; P. J. Doe; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; E. Fiorini; R. J. Gaitskell; G. Gratta; R. Hazama; K. Kazkaz; G. S. King III; R. T. Kouzes; H. S. Miley; M. K. Moe; A. Morales; J. Morales; A. Piepke; R. G. H. Robertson; W. Tornow; P. Vogel; R. A. Warner; J. F. Wilkerson

    2002-05-22

    We comment on the recent claim for the experimental observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We discuss several limitations in the analysis provided in that paper and conclude that there is no basis for the presented claim.

  14. Period change and stellar evolution of $\\beta$ Cephei stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neilson, Hilding R

    2015-01-01

    The $\\beta$ Cephei stars represent an important class of massive star pulsators probing the evolution of B-type stars and the transition from main sequence to hydrogen-shell burning evolution. By understanding $\\beta$ Cep stars, we gain insights into the detailed physics of massive star evolution such as rotational mixing, convective core overshooting, magnetic fields and stellar winds, all of which play important roles. Similarly, modeling their pulsation provides additional information into their interior structures. Furthermore, measurements of the rate of change of pulsation period offer a direct measure of $\\beta$ Cephei stellar evolution. In this work, we compute state-of-the-art stellar evolution models assuming different amounts of initial rotation and convective core overshoot and measure theoretical rates of period change for which we compare to rates previously measured for a sample of $\\beta$ Cephei stars. The results of this comparison are mixed. For three stars, the rates are too small to infer ...

  15. Involvement of TGF-beta in skin photoaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Won Seon, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    The goal of this thesis study was to understand the role of TGF-[beta] in skin photoaging, especially in solar elastosis. Solar elastosis, the accumulation of elastotic material in the dermal extracelluar matrix, is a major ...

  16. No-neutrino double beta decay: more than one neutrino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosen, S.P.

    1983-01-01

    Interference effects between light and heavy Majorana neutrinos in the amplitude for no-neutrino double beta decay are discussed. The effects include an upper bound on the heavy neutrino mass, and an A dependence for the effective mass extracted from double beta decay. Thus the search for the no-neutrino decay mode should be pursued in several nuclei, and particularly in Ca/sup 48/, where the effective mass may be quite large.

  17. NEMO 3 double beta decay experiment: latest results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2008-07-17

    The double beta decay experiment NEMO~3 has been taking data since February 2003. The aim of this experiment is to search for neutrinoless decay and investigate two neutrino double beta decay in seven different enriched isotopes ($^{100}$Mo,$^{82}$Se, $^{48}$Ca, $^{96}$Zr, $^{116}$Cd, $^{130}$Te and $^{150}$Nd). After analysis of the data corresponding to 693 days, no evidence for $0\

  18. Effect of nuclear deformation on double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodin, Vadim [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2009-11-09

    The existing ways of accounting for deformation in recent calculations of neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements are discussed. From an analysis of relevant experimental data it is argued that only {sup 150}Nd reveals convincing evidences of strong static deformation, which should eventually be taken into account in QRPA calculations. A proposal which allows in principle to measure the neutrino less double beta decay Fermi matrix element is briefly described.

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay and direct searches for neutrino mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig Aalseth; Henning Back; Loretta Dauwe; David Dean; Guido Drexlin; Yuri Efremenko; Hiro Ejiri; Steven Elliott; Jon Engel; Brian Fujikawa; Reyco Henning; G. W. Hoffmann; Karol Lang; Kevin Lesko; Tadafumi Kishimoto; Harry Miley; Rick Norman; Silvia Pascoli; Serguey Petcov; Andreas Piepke; Werner Rodejohann; David Saltzberg; Sean Sutton; Petr Vogel; Ray Warner; John Wilkerson; Lincoln Wolfenstein

    2004-12-21

    Study of the neutrinoless double beta decay and searches for the manifestation of the neutrino mass in ordinary beta decay are the main sources of information about the absolute neutrino mass scale, and the only practical source of information about the charge conjugation properties of the neutrinos. Thus, these studies have a unique role in the plans for better understanding of the whole fast expanding field of neutrino physics.

  20. The Path to Large-Mass Double Beta Decay Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliott, Steven R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-08

    The technology is ready for atmospheric scale sensitivity and we can at least discuss it for the solar scale. Even null results will be interesting. Supporting measurements are important and have an impact. Need several mesurements with a total uncertainty (experiment and theory) of {approx} 50% or less, and eventually even better. If we see {beta}{beta} the qualitative physics results are profound, but next we'll want to quantify the underlying physics.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with Negligible Neutrino Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajoy Brahmachari; Ernest Ma

    2002-02-27

    If the electron neutrino has an effective nonzero Majorana mass, then neutrinoless double beta decay will occur. However, the latter is possible also with a negligible neutrino mass. We show how this may happen in a simple model of scalar diquarks and dileptons. This possibility allows neutrino masses to be small and hierarchical, without conflicting with the possible experimental evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay.

  2. Possible background reductions in double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arnold; C. Augier; J. Baker; A. Barabash; O. Bing; V. Brudanin; A. J. Caffrey; E. Caurier; K. Errahmane; A. -I. Etienvre; J. L. Guyonnet; F. Hubert; Ph. Hubert; C. Jollet; S. Jullian; O. Kochetov; V. Kovalenko; D. Lalanne; F. Leccia; C. Longuemare; Ch. Marquet; F. Mauger; H. W. Nicholson; H. Ohsumi; F. Piquemal; J-L. Reyss; X. Sarazin; Yu. Shitov; L. Simard; I. Stekl; J. Suhonen; C. S. Sutton; G. Szklarz; V. Timkin; V. Tretyak; V. Umatov; L. Vala; I. Vanyushin; V. Vasilyev; V. Vorobel; Ts. Vylov

    2003-02-19

    The background induced by radioactive impurities of $^{208}\\rm Tl$ and $^{214}\\rm Bi$ in the source of the double beta experiment NEMO-3 has been investigated. New methods of data analysis which decrease the background from the above mentioned contamination are identified. The techniques can also be applied to other double beta decay experiments capable of measuring independently the energies of the two electrons.

  3. The beta decay of cesium 138 to levels in barium 138 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Douglas Feril

    1970-01-01

    Intyre. Special thanks go to my wife Terry for her encour- agement and understanding throughout the pro)ect. TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I INTRODUCTION Page II PREPARATION OF CESIUM 138 SOURCES 7 Introduction 7 Production of Rare Gas Fission Products 7... In 1968 Alvager et al. reported Cs beta decay 4 138 gamma rays at 138. 3, 192. 5, 227. 9, 409. 1, 462. 6, 54$. 6, 870. 7, 1008. 4 and 2217 keV. Alvager made his study from mass-separated Xe fission products using Ge(Li) detectors. No coincidences were...

  4. Measurement of cos(2beta) in B0 -> D(*)0 h0 decays with a time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis of D0 -> Ks pi+ pi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The BABAR Collaboration; B. Aubert

    2006-07-29

    We report a preliminary measurement of $\\cos2\\beta$ in $B^0\\to D^{(*)0}h^0$ decays with a time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis of $D^0\\to K_S\\pi^+\\pi^-$, where $h^0$ is a light neutral meson such as $\\pi^0$, $\\eta$, $\\eta'$ or $\\omega$. The strong phase variation on the Dalitz plot allows the access to the angle $\\beta$ with only a two-fold ambiguity ($\\beta+\\pi$). Using $311\\times 10^{6}$ $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected at the Babar detector, we obtain $\\cos2\\beta = 0.54 \\pm 0.54 \\pm 0.08 \\pm 0.18$, $\\sin2\\beta = 0.45 \\pm 0.36 \\pm 0.05 \\pm 0.07$, and $|\\lambda| = 0.975^{+0.093}_{-0.085} \\pm 0.012 \\pm 0.002 $, where the first errors are statistical, the second are experimental systematic uncertainties, and the third are the signal Dalitz model uncertainties. This measurement favors the solution of $\\beta= 22^\\circ$ over $68^\\circ$ at an 87% confidence level.

  5. Decoding {beta}-decay systematics: A global statistical model for {beta}{sup -} half-lives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costiris, N. J.; Mavrommatis, E.; Gernoth, K. A.; Clark, J. W. [Physics Department, Division of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics, University of Athens, GR-15771 Athens (Greece); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria) and School of Physics and Astronomy, Schuster Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences and Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Complexo Interdisciplinar, Centro de Mathematica e Aplicacoes Fundamentals, University of Lisbon, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal) and Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1096 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2009-10-15

    Statistical modeling of nuclear data provides a novel approach to nuclear systematics complementary to established theoretical and phenomenological approaches based on quantum theory. Continuing previous studies in which global statistical modeling is pursued within the general framework of machine learning theory, we implement advances in training algorithms designed to improve generalization, in application to the problem of reproducing and predicting the half-lives of nuclear ground states that decay 100% by the {beta}{sup -} mode. More specifically, fully connected, multilayer feed-forward artificial neural network models are developed using the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization algorithm together with Bayesian regularization and cross-validation. The predictive performance of models emerging from extensive computer experiments is compared with that of traditional microscopic and phenomenological models as well as with the performance of other learning systems, including earlier neural network models as well as the support vector machines recently applied to the same problem. In discussing the results, emphasis is placed on predictions for nuclei that are far from the stability line, and especially those involved in r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that the new statistical models can match or even surpass the predictive performance of conventional models for {beta}-decay systematics and accordingly should provide a valuable additional tool for exploring the expanding nuclear landscape.

  6. Study of the beta delayed particle emission from 48Mn and its relevance for explosive nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martel, I

    2015-01-01

    Study of the beta delayed particle emission from 48Mn and its relevance for explosive nucleosynthesis

  7. TOWARDS A PRECISION MEASUREMENT OF THE HALF LIFE OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY OF 136

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    ). Even if debatable, a first hint came from the claimed observation of neutrinoless double beta decay

  8. What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi Murayama,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments? John N. Bahcall,* Hitoshi-generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experi- ments can answer four fundamental questions. 1 If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known

  9. RELAP-7 Beta Release: Summary of Capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martineau, Richard C.; Zhang, Hongbin; Zhao, Haihua

    2014-12-01

    RELAP-7 is a nuclear systems safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Building upon the decades of software development at the INL, we began the development of RELAP-7 in 2011 to support the Risk Informed Safety Margins Characterization (RISMC) Pathway. As part of this development, the first lines of RELAP-7 code were committed to the software revision control repository on November 7th, 2011. The overall design goal of RELAP-7 is to take advantage of the previous thirty years of advancements in computer architecture, software design, numerical methods, and physical models in order to provide capabilities needed for the RISMC methodology and to support nuclear power safety analysis. RELAP-7 is built using the INL’s modern scientific software development framework, MOOSE (Multi-physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment). MOOSE provides improved numerical calculations (including higher-order integration in both space and time, yielding converged second-order accuracy). The RELAP-7 code structure is based on multiple physical component models such as pipes, junctions, pumps, etc. Each component can have options for different fluid models such as single- and two-phase flow. This component-based and physics-based software architecture allows RELAP-7 to adopt different physical models for different applications. A relatively new two-phase hydrodynamic model, termed the ''7-Equation model'' for two phasic pressures, velocities, energies, and volumetric fraction, is incorporated into RELAP-7 for liquid-gas (water-steam) flows. This new model allows second-order integration because it is well-posed, which will reduce the numerical error associated with traditional systems analysis codes. In this paper, we provide a RELAP-7 capability list describing analysis features, range of applicability, and reactor components that will be available for the December 15th, 2014 beta release of the software.

  10. (n,n?[gamma]) reactions in 6?3?,?6?5?Cu and background in 0[nu] [beta] [beta] experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perepelitsa, Dennis V

    2008-01-01

    Measurements of (n, xn?[gamma]) reactions in Cu are important for understanding neutroninduced background for certain underground double beta decay experiments. Neutroninduced gammas are a contribution to background for ...

  11. Predicting Reactor Antineutrino Emissions Using New Precision Beta Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asner, David M.; Burns, Kimberly A.; Greenfield, Bryce A.; Kos, Marek S.; Orrell, John L.; Schram, Malachi; VanDevender, Brent A.; Wootan, David W.

    2013-05-01

    Neutrino experiments at nuclear reactors are currently vital to the study of neutrino oscillations. The observed antineutrino rates at reactors are typically lower than model expectations. This observed deficit is called the “reactor neutrino anomaly”. A new understanding of neutrino physics may be required to explain this deficit, though model estimation uncertainties may also play a role in the apparent discrepancy. PNNL is currently investigating an experimental technique that promises reduced uncertainties for measured data to support these hypotheses and interpret reactor antineutrino measurements. The experimental approach is to 1) direct a proton accelerator beam on a metal target to produce a source of neutrons, 2) use spectral tailoring to modify the neutron spectrum to closely simulate the energy distribution of a power reactor neutron spectrum, 3) irradiate isotopic fission foils (235U, 238U, 239Pu, 241Pu) in this neutron spectrum so that fissions occur at energies representative of a reactor, 4) transport the beta particles released by the fission products in the foils to a beta spectrometer, 5) measure the beta energy spectrum, and 6) invert the measured beta energy spectrum to an antineutrino energy spectrum. A similar technique using a beta spectrometer and isotopic fission foils was pioneered in the 1980’s at the ILL thermal reactor. Those measurements have been the basis for interpreting all subsequent antineutrino measurements at reactors. A basic constraint in efforts to reduce uncertainties in predicting the antineutrino emission from reactor cores is any underlying limitation of the original measurements. This may include beta spectrum energy resolution, the absolute normalization of beta emission to number of fission, statistical counting uncertainties, lack of 238U data, the purely thermal nature of the IIL reactor neutrons used, etc. An accelerator-based neutron source that can be tailored to match various reactor neutron spectra provides an advantage for control in studying how changes in the neutron spectra (i.e. "in the reactor core") affects the resulting fission product beta spectrum. Furthermore, the 238U antineutrino spectrum, which has not been measured, can be studied directly because of the enhanced 1 MeV fast neutron flux available at the accelerator source. A facility such as the Project X Injector Experiment (PXIE) 30 MeV proton linear accelerator at Fermilab is being considered for this experiment. The hypothesis is that a new approach utilizing the flexibility of an accelerator neutron source with spectral tailoring coupled with a careful design of an isotopic fission target and beta spectrometer and the inversion of the beta spectrum to the neutrino spectrum will allow further reduction in the uncertainties associated with prediction of the reactor antineutrino spectrum.

  12. A solenoidal electron spectrometer for a precision measurement of the neutron $\\beta$-asymmetry with ultracold neutrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaster, B; Filippone, B W; Harrison, D; Hsiao, J; Ito, T M; Liu, J; Martin, J W; Tipton, B; Yuan, J

    2008-01-01

    We describe an electron spectrometer designed for a precision measurement of the neutron $\\beta$-asymmetry with spin-polarized ultracold neutrons. The spectrometer consists of a 1.0-Tesla solenoidal field with two identical multiwire proportional chamber and plastic scintillator electron detector packages situated within 0.6-Tesla field-expansion regions. Select results from performance studies of the spectrometer with calibration sources are reported.

  13. Neutron inelastic scattering and reactions in natural Pb as a background in neutrinoless double-beta-decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; M. Devlin; S. R. Elliott; N. Fotiades; A. Hime; D. -M. Mei; R. O. Nelson; D. V. Perepelitsa

    2009-09-24

    Inelastic neutron scattering and reactions on Pb isotopes can result in gamma rays near the signature endpoint energy in a number of double-beta decay isotopes. In particular, there are gamma-ray transitions in Pb-206,207,208 that might produce energy deposits at the 76-Ge Q value in Ge detectors used for double-beta decay searches. The levels that produce these gamma rays can be excited by (n,n'gamma) or (n,xngamma) reactions, but the cross sections are small and previously unmeasured. This work uses the pulsed neutron beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center to directly measure reactions of interest to double-beta decay experiments. The cross section on natural Pb to produce the 2041-keV gamma ray from Pb-206 is measured to be 3.6 +/- 0.7 (stat.) +/- 0.3 (syst.) mb at ~9.6 MeV. The cross section on natural Pb to produce the 3062-keV gamma ray from Pb-207 and Pb-208 is measured to be 3.9 +/- 0.8 (stat.) +/- 0.4 (syst.) mb at the same energy. We report cross sections or place upper limits on the cross sections for exciting some other levels in Pb that have transition energies corresponding to Q value in other double-beta decay isotopes.

  14. Research Report Spikes, synchrony, and attentive learning by laminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucci, Michele

    Research Report Spikes, synchrony, and attentive learning by laminar thalamocortical circuits dynamics, spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP), and acetylcholine modulation; detailed laminar thalamic and beta frequency domains. In particular, the model predicts how laminar circuits of multiple cortical

  15. Short-baseline electron neutrino disappearance, tritium beta decay, and neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giunti, Carlo; Laveder, Marco [INFN, Sezione di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica G. Galilei, Universita di Padova, and INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

    2010-09-01

    We consider the interpretation of the MiniBooNE low-energy anomaly and the gallium radioactive source experiments anomaly in terms of short-baseline electron neutrino disappearance in the framework of 3+1 four-neutrino mixing schemes. The separate fits of MiniBooNE and gallium data are highly compatible, with close best-fit values of the effective oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}2{theta}. The combined fit gives {Delta}m{sup 2}(greater-or-similar sign)0.1 eV{sup 2} and 0.11(less-or-similar sign)sin{sup 2}2{theta}(less-or-similar sign)0.48 at 2{sigma}. We consider also the data of the Bugey and Chooz reactor antineutrino oscillation experiments and the limits on the effective electron antineutrino mass in {beta} decay obtained in the Mainz and Troitsk tritium experiments. The fit of the data of these experiments limits the value of sin{sup 2}2{theta} below 0.10 at 2{sigma}. Considering the tension between the neutrino MiniBooNE and gallium data and the antineutrino reactor and tritium data as a statistical fluctuation, we perform a combined fit which gives {Delta}m{sup 2}{approx_equal}2 eV and 0.01(less-or-similar sign)sin{sup 2}2{theta}(less-or-similar sign)0.13 at 2{sigma}. Assuming a hierarchy of masses m{sub 1}, m{sub 2}, m{sub 3}<beta} decay and neutrinoless double-{beta} decay are, respectively, between about 0.06 and 0.49 and between about 0.003 and 0.07 eV at 2{sigma}. We also consider the possibility of reconciling the tension between the neutrino MiniBooNE and gallium data and the antineutrino reactor and tritium data with different mixings in the neutrino and antineutrino sectors. We find a 2.6{sigma} indication of a mixing angle asymmetry.

  16. Energy Density Functional Study of Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless {beta}{beta} Decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Tomas R. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64259 Darmstadt (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); CEA, Irfu, SPhN, Centre de Saclay, F-911191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Martinez-Pinedo, Gabriel [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64259 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2010-12-17

    We present an extensive study of nuclear matrix elements (NME) for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the nuclei {sup 48}Ca, {sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 116}Cd, {sup 124}Sn, {sup 128}Te, {sup 130}Te, {sup 136}Xe, and {sup 150}Nd based on state-of-the-art energy density functional methods using the Gogny D1S functional. Beyond-mean-field effects are included within the generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection for both initial and final ground states. We obtain a rather constant value for the NMEs around 4.7 with the exception of {sup 48}Ca and {sup 150}Nd, where smaller values are found. We analyze the role of deformation and pairing in the evaluation of the NME and present detailed results for the decay of {sup 150}Nd.

  17. An asteroseismic study of the beta Cephei star beta Canis Majoris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anwesh Mazumdar; Maryline Briquet; Maarten Desmet; Conny Aerts

    2006-07-12

    We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for beta Canis Majoris with the aim to determine the pulsational characteristics of this star, and to use them to derive seismic constraints on the stellar parameters. We determine pulsation frequencies in the SiIII 4553 Angstrom line with Fourier methods. We identify the m-value of the modes by taking into account the photometric identifications of the degrees l. To this end we use the moment method together with the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile. The frequencies of the identified modes are used for a seismic interpretation of the structure of the star. We confirm the presence of the three pulsation frequencies already detected in previous photometric datasets: f_1 = 3.9793 c/d (46.057 microHz), f_2 = 3.9995 c/d (46.291 microHz) and f_3 = 4.1832 c/d (48.417 microHz). For the two modes with the highest amplitudes we unambiguously identify (l_1,m_1) = (2,2) and (l_2,m_2) = (0,0). We cannot conclude anything for the third mode identification, except that m_3 > 0. We also deduce an equatorial rotational velocity of 31 +/- 5 Km/s for the star. We show that the mode f_1 must be close to an avoided crossing. Constraints on the mass (13.5 +/- 0.5 Msun), age (12.4 +/- 0.7 Myr) and core overshoot (0.20 +/- 0.05 H_P) of beta CMa are obtained from seismic modelling using f_1 and f_2.

  18. Shell model analysis of the neutrinoless double-{beta} decay of {sup 48}Ca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Stoica, Sabin [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), 407 Atomistilor, Magurele-Bucharest, R-077125 (Romania)

    2010-02-15

    The neutrinoless double-{beta} (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay process could provide crucial information to determine the absolute scale of neutrino masses, and it is the only one that can establish whether a neutrino is a Dirac or a Majorana particle. A key ingredient for extracting the absolute neutrino masses from 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay experiments is a precise knowledge of the nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) describing the half-life of this process. We developed a shell model approach for computing the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay NME, and we used it to analyze the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} mode of {sup 48}Ca. The dependence of the NME on the short-range correlation parameters, on the average energy of the intermediate states, on the finite-size cutoff parameters, and on the effective interaction used for many-body calculations is discussed.

  19. IL1{beta}-mediated Stromal COX-2 signaling mediates proliferation and invasiveness of colonic epithelial cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Yingting; Tissue Tech Inc, Miami, FL 33173 ; Zhu, Min; Lance, Peter

    2012-11-15

    COX-2 is a major inflammatory mediator implicated in colorectal inflammation and cancer. However, the exact origin and role of COX-2 on colorectal inflammation and carcinogenesis are still not well defined. Recently, we reported that COX-2 and iNOS signalings interact in colonic CCD18Co fibroblasts. In this article, we investigated whether activation of COX-2 signaling by IL1{beta} in primary colonic fibroblasts obtained from normal and cancer patients play a critical role in regulation of proliferation and invasiveness of human colonic epithelial cancer cells. Our results demonstrated that COX-2 level was significantly higher in cancer associated fibroblasts than that in normal fibroblasts with or without stimulation of IL-1{beta}, a powerful stimulator of COX-2. Using in vitro assays for estimating proliferative and invasive potential, we discovered that the proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells were much greater when the cells were co-cultured with cancer associated fibroblasts than with normal fibroblasts, with or without stimulation of IL1{beta}. Further analysis indicated that the major COX-2 product, prostaglandin E{sub 2}, directly enhanced proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells in the absence of fibroblasts. Moreover, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, blocked the proliferative and invasive effect of both normal and cancer associate fibroblasts on the epithelial cancer cells, with or without stimulation of IL-1{beta}. Those results indicate that activation of COX-2 signaling in the fibroblasts plays a major role in promoting proliferation and invasiveness of the epithelial cancer cells. In this process, PKC is involved in the activation of COX-2 signaling induced by IL-1{beta} in the fibroblasts.

  20. Press Freedom and Fair Trials in Kansas: How Media and the Courts Have Struggled to Reslove Competing Claims of Constitutional Rights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kautsch, Myron A.

    2009-06-01

    record, he would have to conduct a hearing and specifically find that making the record public would be prejudicial to the defendant. 14 Three Kansas newspapers and the Kansas Press Association, however, appealed to the Kansas Supreme Court, arguing..., BANGOR DAILY NEWS, Oct. 12, 1999, available at 1999 WLNR 844588. 13. Id.; Associated Press, Judge Delays Decision on Records Access in Lindsborg Slayings, WICHITA EAGLE, Nov. 2, 1999, at 11A. 14. Associated Press, supra note 13. 15. Id...

  1. Searching for Double Beta Decay with the Enriched Xenon Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, C.; /SLAC

    2007-03-16

    The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) Collaboration is building a series of experiments to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of {sup 136}Xe. The first experiment, known as EXO-200, will utilize 200 kg of xenon enriched to 80% in the isotope of interest, making it the largest double beta decay experiment to date by one order of magnitude. This experiment is rapidly being constructed, and will begin data taking in 2007. The EXO collaboration is also developing a technique to identify on an event-by-event basis the daughter barium ion of the double beta decay. If successful, this method would eliminate all conventional radioactive backgrounds to the decay, resulting in an ideal experiment. We summarize here the current status of EXO-200 construction and the barium tag R&D program.

  2. Reduction of beta* and increase of luminosity at RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilat,F.; Bai, M.; Bruno, D.; Cameron, P.; Della Penna, A.; Drees, A.; Litvinenko, V.; Luo, Y.; Malitsky, N.; Marr, G.; Ptitsyn, V.; Satogata, T.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.

    2009-05-04

    The reduction of {beta}* beyond the 1m design value at RHIC has been consistently achieved over the last 6 years of RHIC operations, resulting in an increase of luminosity for different running modes and species. During the recent 2007-08 deuteron-gold run the reduction to 0.70 from the design 1m achieved a 30% increase in delivered luminosity. The key ingredients allowing the reduction have been the capability of efficiently developing ramps with tune and coupling feedback, orbit corrections on the ramp, and collimation, to minimize beam losses in the final focus triplets, the main aperture limitations for the collision optics. We will describe the operational strategy used to reduce the {beta}*, at first squeezing the beam at store, to test feasibility, followed by the operationally preferred option of squeezing the beam during acceleration, and the resulting luminosity increase. We will conclude with future plans for the beta squeeze.

  3. The Study of Media Beta Elliptical Cavities for CIADS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liangjian, Wen; Yongming, Li; Ruoxu, Wang; Hao, Guo; Cong, Zhang; Huan, Jia; Tiancai, Jiang; Chunlong, Li; Yuan, He

    2015-01-01

    The China Accelerator Driven Sub-critical System (CADS) is a high intensity proton facility to dispose of nuclear waste and generate electric power. CADS is based on 1.5GeV, 10mA CW superconducting (SC) linac as a driver. The high-energy section of the linac is compose of two families of SC elliptical cavities which are designed for the geometrical beta 0.63 and 0.82. In this paper, the 650 MHz \\b{eta}=0.63 SC elliptical cavity was studied including cavity optimization, multipacting, high order modes (HOMs) and generator RF power calculation. Keywords: high current, medium beta, ADS, superconducting cavity, HOMs

  4. Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

    2007-12-20

    Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

  5. Heavy Sterile Neutrinos and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manimala Mitra; Goran Senjanovic; Francesco Vissani

    2012-05-17

    Sterile neutrinos of mass up to a few tens of TeV can saturate the present experimental bound of neutrinoless double beta decay process. Due to the updated nuclear matrix elements, the bound on mass and mixing angle is now improved by one order of magnitude. We have performed a detailed analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay for the minimal Type I seesaw scenario. We have shown that in spite of the naive expectation that the light neutrinos give the dominant contribution, sterile neutrinos can saturate the present experimental bound of neutrinoless double beta decay process. However, in order to be consistent with radiative stability of light neutrino masses, the mass scale of sterile neutrinos should be less than 10 GeV.

  6. Extra dimensions and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gozdz, Marek; Kaminski, Wieslaw A.; Faessler, Amand [Theoretical Physics Department, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin (Poland); Institute fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2005-05-01

    The neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the few phenomena, belonging to the nonstandard physics, which is extensively being sought for in experiments. In the present paper the link between the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay and theories with large extra dimensions is explored. The use of the sensitivities of currently planned 0{nu}2{beta} experiments: DAMA, CANDLES, COBRA, DCBA, CAMEO, GENIUS, GEM, MAJORANA, MOON, CUORE, EXO, and XMASS, gives the possibility for a nondirect 'experimental' verification of various extra dimensional scenarios. We discuss also the results of the Heidelberg-Moscow Collaboration. The calculations are based on the Majorana neutrino mass generation mechanism in the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali model.

  7. Absolute Efficiency Calibration of a Beta-Gamma Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, Matthew W.; Ely, James H.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Lidey, Lance S.; Schrom, Brian T.

    2013-04-10

    Abstract- Identification and quantification of nuclear events such as the Fukushima reactor failure and nuclear explosions rely heavily on the accurate measurement of radioxenon releases. One radioxenon detection method depends on detecting beta-gamma coincident events paired with a stable xenon measurement to determine the concentration of a plume. Like all measurements, the beta-gamma method relies on knowing the detection efficiency for each isotope measured. Several methods are commonly used to characterize the detection efficiency for a beta-gamma detector. The most common method is using a NIST certified sealed source to determine the efficiency. A second method determines the detection efficiencies relative to an already characterized detector. Finally, a potentially more accurate method is to use the expected sample to perform an absolute efficiency calibration; in the case of a beta-gamma detector, this relies on radioxenon gas samples. The complication of the first method is it focuses only on the gamma detectors and does not offer a solution for determining the beta efficiency. The second method listed is not similarly constrained, however it relies on another detector to have a well-known efficiency calibration. The final method using actual radioxenon samples to make an absolute efficiency determination is the most desirable, but until recently it was not possible to produce all four isotopically pure radioxenon. The production, by University of Texas (UT), of isotopically pure radioxenon has allowed the beta-gamma detectors to be calibrated using the absolute efficiency method. The first four radioxenon isotope calibration will be discussed is this paper.

  8. Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Duerr; Manfred Lindner; Kai Zuber

    2011-11-17

    We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited $0^+$ state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass.

  9. Empirical Survey of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. H. Robertson

    2013-01-07

    Neutrinoless double beta decay has been the subject of intensive theoretical work as it represents the only practical approach to discovering whether neutrinos are Majorana particles or not, and whether lepton number is a conserved quantum number. Available calculations of matrix elements and phase-space factors are reviewed from the perspective of a future large-scale experimental search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Somewhat unexpectedly, a uniform inverse correlation between phase space and the square of the nuclear matrix element emerges. As a consequence, no isotope is either favored or disfavored; all have qualitatively the same decay rate per unit mass for any given value of the Majorana mass.

  10. Double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Suhonen, J.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P. O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2010-08-15

    The double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd was determined by using the JYFLTRAP Penning trap mass spectrometer. The measured mass difference between {sup 150}Nd and {sup 150}Sm is 3371.38(20) keV. This new value deviates by 3.7 keV from the previously adopted value of 3367.7(22) keV and is a factor of 10 more precise. Accurate knowledge of this Q value is important because {sup 150}Nd is a primary candidate to be used in the search for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay modes in several experiments.

  11. Consistency test of neutrinoless double beta decay with one isotope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duerr, Michael; Lindner, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Zuber, Kai [Technical University Dresden, Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2011-11-01

    We discuss a consistency test which makes it possible to discriminate unknown nuclear background lines from neutrinoless double beta decay with only one isotope. By considering both the transition to the ground state and to the first excited 0{sup +} state, a sufficiently large detector can reveal if neutrinoless double beta decay or some other nuclear physics process is at work. Such a detector could therefore simultaneously provide a consistency test for a certain range of Majorana masses and be sensitive to lower values of the effective Majorana mass .

  12. {sup 18}Ne production for the Beta beams project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodák, Rastislav [Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, CTU in Prague, Horská 3/22a, CZ-12800 Prague (Czech Republic); Mendonça, Tania M. [IFIMUP and IN - Institute of Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal and CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Swaziland); Stora, Thierry [CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2013-12-30

    Intense relativistic (anti)neutrino beams are an unique tool required to study fundamental properties of neutrinos such as neutrino oscillation parameters, as well as their Majorana or Dirac nature, the lepton number conservation hypothesis and the absolute neutrino mass scale. Such beams originate from acceleration of ?-decaying radioactive ions (“Beta beams”). A molten fluoride salt target has been developed for the production of the required rates of low-Q baseline isotope {sup 18}Ne for the Beta beams project. The prototyped unit has been tested on-line at ISOLDE-CERN. In this contribution an overview of the prototyping and on-line tests is presented.

  13. A New Cavity Design For Medium Beta Acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Feisi [Peking University, Beijing (China); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Wang, Haipeng [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Rimmer, Robert A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Heavy duty or cw, superconducting proton and heavy ion accelerators are being proposed and constructed worldwide. The total length of the machine is one of the main drivers in terms of cost. Thus hwr and spoke cavities at medium beta are usually optimized to achieve low surface field and high gradient. A novel accelerating structure at beta=0.5 evolved from spoke cavity is proposed, with lower surface fields but slightly higher heat load. It would be an interesting option for pulsed and cw accelerators with beam energy of more than 200mev/u.

  14. Concerning the variability of beta-decay measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Sturrock; E. Fischbach; A. Parkhomov; J. D. Scargle; G. Steinitz

    2015-10-20

    Many experiments have been carried out to study the beta-decay rates of a variety of nuclides, and many - but not all - of these experiments yield evidence of variability of these rates. While there is as yet no accepted theory to explain patterns in the results, a number of conjectures have been proposed. We discuss three prominent conjectures (which are not mutually exclusive) - that variability of beta-decay rates may be due to (a) environmental influences, (b) solar neutrinos, and (c) cosmic neutrinos. We find evidence in support of each of these conjectures.

  15. GERDA, a GERmanium Detector Array for the search for neutrinoless {beta}{beta} decay in 76Ge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandola, L.; Tomei, C. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, S.S. 17 bis km 18.910, 67010 Assergi (AQ) (Italy)

    2006-07-11

    The GERDA project, searching for neutrinoless double beta-decay of 76Ge with enriched germanium detectors submerged in a cryogenic bath, has been approved for installation at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS), Italy. The GERDA technique is aiming at a dramatic reduction of the background due to radioactive contaminations of the materials surrounding the detectors. This will lead to a sensitivity of about 1026 years on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay. Already in the first phase of the experiment, GERDA will be able to investigate with high statistical significance the claimed evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge based on the data of the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment.

  16. Critical view to ''IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments''

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H.V.; Dietz, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Krivosheina, I. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Radiophysical-Research Institute, Nishnii-Novgorod (Russian Federation)

    2004-10-01

    Recently, a paper entitled 'The IGEX {sup 76}Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay experiment: Prospects for next generation experiments' has been published [Phys. Rev. D 65, 092007 (2002)]. In view of the recently reported evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay [Mod. Phys. Lett. A 16, 2409 (2001).; Found. Phys. 31, 1181 (2002); Phys. Lett. B 586, 198 (2004).], it is particularly unfortunate that the IGEX paper is rather incomplete in its presentation. We would like to point out in this Comment that and why it would be highly desirable to make more details about the experimental conditions and the analysis of IGEX available. We list some of the main points, which require further explanation. We also point to an arithmetic mistake in the analysis of the IGEX data, the consequence of which are too high half-life limits given in that paper.

  17. An asteroseismic study of the beta Cephei star beta Canis Majoris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumdar, A; Desmet, M; Aerts, C; Mazumdar, Anwesh; Briquet, Maryline; Desmet, Maarten; Aerts, Conny

    2006-01-01

    We present the results of a detailed analysis of 452 ground-based high-resolution high S/N spectroscopic measurements spread over 4.5 years for beta Canis Majoris with the aim to determine the pulsational characteristics of this star, and to use them to derive seismic constraints on the stellar parameters. We determine pulsation frequencies in the SiIII 4553 Angstrom line with Fourier methods. We identify the m-value of the modes by taking into account the photometric identifications of the degrees l. To this end we use the moment method together with the amplitude and phase variations across the line profile. The frequencies of the identified modes are used for a seismic interpretation of the structure of the star. We confirm the presence of the three pulsation frequencies already detected in previous photometric datasets: f_1 = 3.9793 c/d (46.057 microHz), f_2 = 3.9995 c/d (46.291 microHz) and f_3 = 4.1832 c/d (48.417 microHz). For the two modes with the highest amplitudes we unambiguously identify (l_1,m_1...

  18. Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbero, C. A.; Mariano, A.; Krmpoti?, F.; Samana, A. R.; Ferreira, V. dos Santos; Bertulani, C. A.

    2014-11-11

    The computer code developed by our group some years ago for the evaluation of nuclear matrix elements, within the QRPA and PQRPA nuclear structure models, involved in neutrino-nucleus reactions, muon capture and ?{sup ±} processes, is extended to include also the nuclear double beta decay.

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Gó?d?; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

    2014-11-07

    We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

  20. Effects of New Gravitational Interactions on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor--Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; U. Sarkar

    2000-04-13

    It has recently been proposed that violations of Lorentz invariance or violations of the equivalence principle can be constrained from the non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay. We generalize this analysis to all possible new gravitational interactions and discuss briefly the constraints for different cases.

  1. Calculation of dose to soft tisse from implanted beta sources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dauffy, Lucile

    1998-01-01

    , spherical radioactive particles are injected into these arteries. This study deals with the development of BRAIN-DOSES, a computer code based on VARSKIN MOD2 and SADDE MOD2, which evaluates gamma and beta dose distributions for radioactive sources with five...

  2. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morant, Marc D; Patkar, Shamkant; Ding, Hanshu

    2013-11-12

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods of producing and using the polypeptides.

  3. High Beta Observations of the Hot Electron Interchange Instability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been made in the presence of the magnetic levitation fields. We find the HEI mode is characterized observed in high-beta plasma created in the Levitated Dipole Experiment (LDX). We have previously that characterize these modes now incorporate fast magnetic measurements in an attempt to put together a coherent

  4. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with R-parity Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Uehara

    2002-06-26

    We consider recently observed neutrinoless double beta decay in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violating couplings lambda^{'}. We observe that most of the current experimental bounds on the R-parity violating couplings do not exclude the possibility that the neutrinoless double beta decay is caused by R-parity violation. But if we consider K-bar{K} oscillation, we observe that we have to make the R-parity violating couplings generation-dependent to accomodate with the observed neutrinoless double beta decay. And furthermore, we need some mechanism to cancel the contribution to K-bar{K} mixing from a large R-parity violating coupling. We realized this cancellation by assuming that the first- and the second- generation of quark sector do not couple with the first-generation lepton sector by R-parity violating couplings except the term W=lambda_{111}^{'} L_{1} Q_{1} D_{1}^{c}, which is responsible for the observed neutrinoless double beta decay.

  5. Double beta decay to the excited states: experimental review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2007-10-11

    A brief review on double beta decay to excited states of daughter nuclei is given. The ECEC(ov) transision to the excited states are discussed in association with a possible enhancement of the decay rate by several orders of magnitude.

  6. Scaling factor inconsistencies in neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowell, S. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2006-02-15

    The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half-life can be suppressed by 15%-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, is overestimated.

  7. Majorana neutrino masses and the neutrinoless double-beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faessler, A. [University of Tuebingen, Institute of Theoretical Physics (Germany)], E-mail: amand.faessler@uni-tuebingen.de

    2006-12-15

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay is forbidden in the Standard Model of electroweak and strong interaction but allowed in most Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). Only if the neutrino is a Majorana particle (identical with its antiparticle) and if it has a mass is neutrinoless double-beta decay allowed. Apart from one claim that the neutrinoless double-beta decay in {sup 76}Ge is measured, one has only upper limits for this transition probability. But even the upper limits allow one to give upper limits for the electron Majorana neutrino mass and upper limits for parameters of GUTs and the minimal R-parity-violating supersymmetric model. One further can give lower limits for the vector boson mediating mainly the right-handed weak interaction and the heavy mainly right-handed Majorana neutrino in left-right symmetric GUTs. For that, one has to assume that the specific mechanism is the leading one for neutrinoless double-beta decay and one has to be able to calculate reliably the corresponding nuclear matrix elements. In the present work, one discusses the accuracy of the present status of calculating of the nuclear matrix elements and the corresponding limits of GUTs and supersymmetric parameters.

  8. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and {nu}-Mass Determination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedretti, M. [Universita dell Insubria, Via Vallegio 11, 22100 Como (Italy)

    2005-10-12

    The search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay could improve our knowledge on neutrino properties. After a brief discussion on the implications of the observation of this rare process, I will introduce the experimental approaches and review the prospects of the search for this nuclear transition.

  9. New Advances in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munoz, Jose Barea [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, C.S.I.C. Unidad Asociada al Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain)

    2010-08-04

    We present the matrix elements necessary to evaluate the half-life of some neutrinoless double beta decay candidates in the framework of the microscopic interacting boson model (IBM). We compare our results with those from other models and extract some simple features of the calculations.

  10. Neutrino masses and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Status and expectations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliviero Cremonesi

    2010-02-07

    Two most outstanding questions are puzzling the world of neutrino Physics: the possible Majorana nature of neutrinos and their absolute mass scale. Direct neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double beta decay (0nuDBD) are the present strategy to solve the puzzle. Neutrinoless double beta decay violates lepton number by two units and can occurr only if neutrinos are massive Majorana particles. A positive observation would therefore necessarily imply a new regime of physics beyond the standard model, providing fundamental information on the nature of the neutrinos and on their absolute mass scale. After the observation of neutrino oscillations and given the present knowledge of neutrino masses and mixing parameters, a possibility to observe 0nuDBDD at a neutrino mass scale in the range 10-50 meV could actually exist. This is a real challenge faced by a number of new proposed projects. Present status and future perpectives of neutrinoless double-beta decay experimental searches is reviewed. The most important parameters contributing to the experimental sensitivity are outlined. A short discussion on nuclear matrix element calculations is also given. Complementary measurements to assess the absolute neutrino mass scale (cosmology and single beta decays) are also discussed.

  11. Conditions for detecting CP violation via neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alicja Joniec; Marek Zralek

    2005-12-30

    Neutrinoless double beta decay data together with information on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the future KATRIN experiment and/or astrophysical measurements give a chance to find CP violation in the lepton sector with Majorana neutrinos. We derive and discuss necessary conditions which make discovery of such CP violation possible for the future neutrino oscillation and mass measurements data.

  12. Neutrinoless double beta decay in the microscopic interacting boson model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iachello, F. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Sloane Physics Laboratory Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8120 (United States)

    2009-11-09

    The results of a calculation of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay in the closure approximation in several nuclei within the framework of the microscopic interacting boson model (IBM-2) are presented and compared with those calculated in the shell model (SM) and quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA)

  13. Scaling Factor Inconsistencies in Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cowell

    2005-12-05

    The modern theory of neutrinoless double beta decay includes a scaling factor that has often been treated inconsistently in the literature. The nuclear contribution to the decay half life can be suppressed by 15-20% when scaling factors are mismatched. Correspondingly, $$ is overestimated.

  14. Conditions for detecting CP violation via neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joniec, A.; Zralek, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)

    2006-02-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay data, together with information on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the future KATRIN experiment and/or astrophysical measurements, provide a chance to find CP violation in the lepton sector with Majorana neutrinos. We derive and discuss necessary conditions which make discovery of such CP violation possible for the future neutrino oscillation and mass measurements data.

  15. Beta-measure for Probabilistic Segmentation Oscar Dalmau1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Mariano

    Beta-measure for Probabilistic Segmentation Oscar Dalmau1 and Mariano Rivera1 Centro de Investigaci field models (QMMF). In our proposal, the entropy control is achieved trough the likelihood energy = D(x; y) + R(x), (2) s.t. k xk(r) = 1, xk(r) 0, r L, (3) where D(x; y) is the likelihood energy, R

  16. Forbidden unique beta-decays and neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dvornický, Rastislav [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR Dubna, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russian Federation and Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina F1, SK-84215 Bratislava (Slovakia); Šimkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina F1, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovakia and IEAP, Czech Technical University, CZ-128 00 Prague (Czech Republic)

    2013-12-30

    The measurement of the electron spectrum in beta-decays provides a robust direct determination of the values of neutrino masses. The planned rhenium beta-decay experiment, called the “Microcalorimeter Arrays for a Rhenium Experiment” (MARE), might probe the absolute mass scale of neutrinos with the same sensitivity as the Karlsruhe tritium neutrino mass (KATRIN) experiment, which is expected to collect data in a near future. In this contribution we discuss the spectrum of emitted electrons close to the end point in the case of the first unique forbidden beta-decay of {sup 79}Se, {sup 107}Pd and {sup 187}Re. It is found that the p{sub 3/2}-wave emission dominates over the s{sub 1/2}-wave. It is shown that the Kurie plot near the end point is within a good accuracy linear in the limit of massless neutrinos like the Kurie plot of the superallowed beta-decay of {sup 3}H.

  17. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Paul (Carnation, WA); Golightly, Elizabeth (Reno, NV)

    2007-07-17

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods for producing and using the polypeptides.

  18. Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gó?d?, Marek

    2014-01-01

    We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

  19. Generator Coordinate Method framework for Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Bobyk; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

    2014-11-10

    We propose a consistent prescription for the derivation of the particle number and angular momentum projected QRPA (PQRPA) equation in the Generator Coordinate Method (GCM) framework for calculation of NME's of double-beta decay of axially deformed nuclei. We derive closed formulae for the calculation of excitation energies and wave functions of the intermediate nucleus.

  20. Preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogate, Makarand Ratnakar (Durham, NC); Spivey, James Jerry (Cary, NC); Zoeller, Joseph Robert (Kingsport, TN)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

  1. Preparation of {alpha}, {beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spivey, J.J.; Gogate, M.R.; Zoeller, J.R.; Tustin, G.C.

    1998-01-20

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising mixed oxides of vanadium, phosphorus and, optionally, a third component selected from titanium, aluminum or, preferably silicon.

  2. Preparation of .alpha., .beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spivey, James Jerry (Cary, NC); Gogate, Makarand Ratnakav (Durham, NC); Zoeller, Joseph Robert (Kingsport, TN); Tustin, Gerald Charles (Kingsport, TN)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising mixed oxides of vanadium, phosphorus and, optionally, a third component selected from titanium, aluminum or, preferably silicon.

  3. Preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogate, M.R.; Spivey, J.J.; Zoeller, J.R.

    1998-09-15

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

  4. Polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and polynucleotides encoding same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Paul; Golightly, Elizabeth

    2012-11-27

    The present invention relates to isolated polypeptides having beta-glucosidase activity and isolated polynucleotides encoding the polypeptides. The invention also relates to nucleic acid constructs, vectors, and host cells comprising the polynucleotides as well as methods for producing and using the polypeptides.

  5. Nuclear Matrix Elements for Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Recent progress in nuclear-structure theory has been dramatic. I describe recent and future applications of ab initio calculations and the generator coordinate method to double-beta decay. I also briefly discuss the old and vexing problem of the renormalization of the weak nuclear axial-vector coupling constant "in medium" and plans to resolve it.

  6. A measurement of the 2 neutrino double beta decay rate of Te-130 in the CUORICINO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kogler, Laura

    2012-01-01

    1.2.2 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . 1.2.3 NuclearEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Mod. Phys.on ’Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay’, Mod. Phys.

  7. A measurement of the 2 neutrino double beta decay rate of 130Te in the CUORICINO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kogler, Laura Katherine

    2011-01-01

    1.2.2 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . 1.2.3 NuclearEvidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Mod. Phys.on ’Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay’, Mod. Phys.

  8. Protonation of acyllithium reagents by acetonitrile: Synthesis of {beta}-hydroxy nitriles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Nan-Sheng; Yu, Su; Kabalka, G.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-09-08

    In recent years, the reaction of electrophiles with acyllithium (RCOLi) reagents has been extensively studied and has proven to be a convenient route to acylated products. For example, Seyferth reported that acyllithium reagents, generated in situ from an alkyllithium and carbon monoxide at -110 {degrees}C to -135 {degrees}C, would react with aldehydes, ketones, esters, lactones, isocyanates, isothiocyanates, carbodiimides, carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, organic disulfides, iron pentacarbonyl, and trimethylchlorosilane to give acylated products. Nudelman found that the acyllithium generated from phenyllithium in the presence of alkyl bromides gave diphenylalkylcarbinols. The authors recently reported that trialkylboranes reacted with acyllithium reagents to afford ketones in modest yields. Although Seyferth predicted that acyl anion reagents might react with nitriles to afford addition products such as {alpha}-diketones, no report of a reaction of acyl anion reagents with nitriles has appeared in literature. Recently, the authors reported the first example of the protonation of acyllithium reagents by dichloromethane and dichloroarylmethane. The reaction affords the corresponding {alpha}, {alpha}-dichloro alcohols in excellent yields. The authors wish to report a new synthesis of {beta}-hydroxy nitriles which is based on the reaction of acyllithium with acetonitrile, Scheme 1. 1 tab.

  9. Beta oscillations in frontal cortex and striatum represent post-processing of successful behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feingold, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Beta band (13-30 Hz) oscillations in sensorimotor cortex are associated with motor performance, but the nature of this relationship is not clear. Recently, excessive beta activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits has been ...

  10. Quantitative-Proteomic Comparison of Alpha and Beta Cells to Uncover Novel Targets for Lineage Reprogramming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhary, Amit

    Type-1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells are destroyed by the immune system. An emerging strategy to regenerate beta-cell mass is through transdifferentiation of ...

  11. Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in 136Xe with EXO-200 Authors: Auger, M. ;...

  12. BGL7 beta-glucosidase and nucleic acids encoding the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dunn-Coleman, Nigel (Los Gatos, CA); Ward, Michael (San Francisco, CA)

    2012-03-13

    The present invention provides BGL7 polypeptides with the biological activity of a .beta.-glucosidase and a method of producing a recombinant enzyme having .beta.-glucosidase activity.

  13. A filter for reducing the angular dependence of LiF; Ti, Mg for beta radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akabani, G.; Poston, J.W. Sr. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States))

    1990-06-01

    This paper reports on an improvement in the angular dependence of LiF:Ti,Mg (TAD-100) for beta radiation which was achieved by using a special filter design which produced a constant dosimeter response over a range of +70{degrees} and {minus}70{degrees}. The filter material used was acetate. The filter design was tested with three different beta sources, Sr/Y-90, Tl-204 and Pm-147 with average energies of 0.8, 0.24 and 0.06 MeV, respectively. The average response at 180 degrees of the new filtered dosimeter differed by less than 5% when compared to the response at zero degrees. An average decrease in sensitivity of 53% for Sr-90, 70% for Tl-204 and 67% for Pm-147 was obtained due to filter use. All doses were calculated for a depth dose in tissue of 0.07 mm equivalent to 7 mg/cm{sup 2} as is recommended in ICRP Publication 26. A comparison of the energy dependence for a bare TAD-100 at 0.0 mm and 0.07 mm depth in tissue was obtained.

  14. Relationship between fractional pancreatic beta cell area and fasting plasma glucose concentration in monkeys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    beta cell area and fasting plasma glucose concentration inrelationship between fasting plasma glucose concentrationsfascicularis). Methods Fasting plasma glucose and pancreatic

  15. Measurement of the CP-Violating Phase beta_s in B0s -> J/Psi Phi Decays with the CDF II Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; et al.

    2012-04-01

    We present a measurement of the \\CP-violating parameter \\betas using approximately 6500 $\\BsJpsiPhi$ decays reconstructed with the CDF\\,II detector in a sample of $p\\bar p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV corresponding to 5.2 fb$^{-1}$ integrated luminosity produced by the Tevatron Collider at Fermilab. We find the \\CP-violating phase to be within the range $\\betas \\in [0.02, 0.52] \\cup [1.08, 1.55]$ at 68% confidence level where the coverage property of the quoted interval is guaranteed using a frequentist statistical analysis. This result is in agreement with the standard model expectation at the level of about one Gaussian standard deviation. We consider the inclusion of a potential $S$-wave contribution to the $\\Bs\\to J/\\psi K^+K^-$ final state which is found to be negligible over the mass interval $1.009 < m(K^+K^-)<1.028 \\gevcc$. Assuming the standard model prediction for the \\CP-violating phase \\betas, we find the \\Bs decay width difference to be $\\deltaG = 0.075 \\pm 0.035\\,\\textrm{(stat)} \\pm 0.006\\,\\textrm{(syst)} \\ps$. We also present the most precise measurements of the \\Bs mean lifetime $\\tau(\\Bs) = 1.529 \\pm 0.025\\,\\textrm{(stat)} \\pm 0.012\\,\\textrm{(syst)}$ ps, the polarization fractions $|A_0(0)|^2 = 0.524 \\pm 0.013\\,\\textrm{(stat)} \\pm 0.015\\,\\textrm{(syst)}$ and $|A_{\\parallel}(0)|^2 = 0.231 \\pm 0.014\\,\\textrm{(stat)} \\pm 0.015\\,\\textrm{(syst)}$, as well as the strong phase $\\delta_{\\perp}= 2.95 \\pm 0.64\\,\\textrm{(stat)} \\pm 0.07\\,\\textrm{(syst)} \\textrm{rad}$. In addition, we report an alternative Bayesian analysis that gives results consistent with the frequentist approach.

  16. Double beta decay, Majorana neutrinos, and neutrino mass Frank T. Avignone III*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. The impact more sensitive, even the nonobservation of neutrinoless double beta decay will be useful Acknowledgments 513 References 514 I. INTRODUCTION Neutrinoless double beta decay 0 is a very slow lepton

  17. INVERSIONS OF INTEGRAL OPERATORS AND ELLIPTIC BETA INTEGRALS ON ROOT SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warnaar, Ole

    INVERSIONS OF INTEGRAL OPERATORS AND ELLIPTIC BETA INTEGRALS ON ROOT SYSTEMS VYACHESLAV P- metric integrals associated to a pair of root systems. Using the (A,C) inversion formula to invert one of the known C-type elliptic beta integrals, we obtain a new elliptic beta integral for the root system of type

  18. Possible Evidence of Time Variation of Weak Interaction Constant from Double Beta Decay Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Barabash

    2002-10-09

    A comparison is made of the probability of the process of two neutrino double beta decay for $^{82}$Se in direct (counter) and geochemical experiments. It is shown that the probability is systematically lower in geochemical experiments, which characterize the probability of $\\beta\\beta(2\

  19. Neutrinoless double beta decay in an $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Pleitez; M. D. Tonasse

    1993-02-01

    We consider a model for the electroweak interactions with $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ gauge symmetry. We show that, it is the conservation of $F=L+B$ which forbids massive neutrinos and the neutrinoless double beta decay, $(\\beta\\beta)_{0\

  20. Stick-Breaking Beta Processes and the Poisson Process John Paisley1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Michael I.

    Stick-Breaking Beta Processes and the Poisson Process John Paisley1 David M. Blei3 Michael I to Paisley et al. (2010) can be obtained from the characterization of the beta process as a Poisson process beta pro- cess was derived by Paisley et al. (2010). The derivation re- lied on a limiting process

  1. SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH THE NEMO-3 DETECTOR : FIRST RESULTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 SEARCH FOR NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY WITH THE NEMO-3 DETECTOR : FIRST RESULTS D. LALANNE to searching for neutrinoless double beta decay (0). The expected performance of the detector has been, no evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay (0) was found from ~7 kg of 100 Mo and ~1 kg of 82 Se

  2. High-beta plasma blobs in the morningside plasma sheet G. Haerendel1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    High-beta plasma blobs in the morningside plasma sheet G. Haerendel1 , W. Baumjohann1 , E about 9i during the late-night/early-morning hours. Very high-plasma beta values were found, varying is known about the origin of the high-beta plasma. It is speculated that the morningside boundary layer

  3. DISCOVERY OF THE TWO-NEUTRINO DOUBLE-BETA DECAY OF XENON-136 WITH EXO-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    mass differences, not the absolute mass scale. Neutrinoless double-beta decay, a hypothetical nuclear, and is located deep underground in a New Mexico salt mine to evade cosmic rays. Neutrinoless double-beta decay to measure. Neutrinoless double-beta decay can be used to measure the neutrino mass--until recently believed

  4. Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    Alpha Backgrounds and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe and Their Implications for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments Using HPGe Detectors Robert A. Johnson Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor John F. Wilkerson Physics The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay

  5. Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Jonathan Engel Abstract. I briefly review calculations of the matrix elements governing neutrinoless double-beta decay;Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay 2 in reducing theoretical error

  6. TGF-.beta. antagonists as mitigators of radiation-induced tissue damage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barcellos-Hoff, Mary H. (Oakland, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A method for treating tissue damage caused by radiation is described by use of a TGF-.beta. antagonist, such as an anti-TGF-.beta. antibody or a TGF-.beta. latency associated protein. It is administered not more than a week after exposure, and is particularly useful in mitigating the side effects of breast cancer therapy.

  7. Transforming growth factor-{beta}2 enhances differentiation of cardiac myocytes from embryonic stem cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Dinender [Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05446 (United States)]. E-mail: Dinender.Kumar@uvm.edu; Sun, Baiming [Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05446 (United States)

    2005-06-24

    Stem cell therapy holds great promise for the treatment of injured myocardium, but is challenged by a limited supply of appropriate cells. Three different isoforms of transforming growth factor-{beta} (TGF-{beta}) -{beta}1, -{beta}2, and -{beta}3 exhibit distinct regulatory effects on cell growth, differentiation, and migration during embryonic development. We compared the effects of these three different isoforms on cardiomyocyte differentiation from embryonic stem (ES) cells. In contrast to TGF-{beta}1, or -{beta}3, treatment of mouse ES cells with TGF-{beta}2 isoform significantly increased embryoid body (EB) proliferation as well as the extent of the EB outgrowth that beat rhythmically. At 17 days, 49% of the EBs treated with TGF-{beta}2 exhibited spontaneous beating compared with 15% in controls. Cardiac myocyte specific protein markers sarcomeric myosin and {alpha}-actin were demonstrated in beating EBs and cells isolated from EBs. In conclusion, TGF-{beta}2 but not TGF-{beta}1, or -{beta}3 promotes cardiac myocyte differentiation from ES cells.

  8. IS THE NON OBSERVATION OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY A QUESTION OF SENSITIVITY?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 IS THE NON OBSERVATION OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY A QUESTION OF SENSITIVITY? TSAN UNG CHAN Grenoble Cedex FRANCE The hypothetical neutrinoless double beta decay is possible only if the neutrino. This contradiction would lead to conclude that neutrinoless double beta decay could not take place in nature

  9. TGF-{beta} antagonists as mitigators of radiation-induced tissue damage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barcellos-Hoff, M.H.

    1997-04-01

    A method for treating tissue damage caused by radiation is described by use of a TGF-{beta} antagonist, such as an anti-TGF-{beta} antibody or a TGF-{beta} latency associated protein. It is administered not more than a week after exposure, and is particularly useful in mitigating the side effects of breast cancer therapy.

  10. Prediction of parallel in-register amyloidogenic beta-structures In highly beta-rich protein sequences by pairwise propensity analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Allen Wayne

    2009-01-01

    Amyloids and prion proteins are clinically and biologically important beta-structures, whose supersecondary structures are difficult to determine by standard experimental or computational means. In addition, significant ...

  11. Nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay: beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, J M; Hagino, K; Ring, P; Meng, J

    2014-01-01

    We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs which are found to be consistent with the results of previous beyond non-relativistic mean-field calculation based on a Gogny force with the exception of $^{150}$Nd. Our study shows that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term, the calculation of which is computationally much cheaper than that of full terms.

  12. Magnetic fields in beta Cep, SPB, and Be stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoeller, M; Briquet, M; Ilyin, I

    2013-01-01

    Recent observational and theoretical results emphasize the potential significance of magnetic fields for structure, evolution, and environment of massive stars. Depending on their spectral and photometric behavior, the upper main-sequence B-type stars are assigned to different groups, such as beta Cep stars and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars, He-rich and He-deficient Bp stars, Be stars, BpSi stars, HgMn stars, or normal B-type stars. All these groups are characterized by different magnetic field geometry and strength, from fields below the detection limit of a few Gauss up to tens of kG. Our collaboration was the first to systematically study the magnetic fields in representative samples of different types of main-sequence B stars. In this article, we give an overview about what we have learned during the last years about magnetic fields in beta Cep, SPB, and Be stars.

  13. Double Beta Decay, Majorana Neutrinos, and Neutrino Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank T. Avignone III; Steven R. Elliott; Jonathan Engel

    2007-11-26

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double-beta decay are reviewed. The impact that a direct observation of this exotic process would have on elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology is profound. Now that neutrinos are known to have mass and experiments are becoming more sensitive, even the non-observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay will be useful. If the process is actually observed, we will immediately learn much about the neutrino. The status and discovery potential of proposed experiments are reviewed in this context, with significant emphasis on proposals favored by recent panel reviews. The importance of and challenges in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements that govern the decay are considered in detail. The increasing sensitivity of experiments and improvements in nuclear theory make the future exciting for this field at the interface of nuclear and particle physics.

  14. Double beta decay, Majorana neutrinos, and neutrino mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avignone, Frank T. III; Elliott, Steven R.; Engel, Jonathan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States); Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3255 (United States)

    2008-04-15

    The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. The impact that a direct observation of this exotic process would have on elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and cosmology is profound. Now that neutrinos are known to have mass and experiments are becoming more sensitive, even the nonobservation of neutrinoless double beta decay will be useful. If the process is actually observed, we will immediately learn much about the neutrino. The status and discovery potential of proposed experiments are reviewed in this context, with significant emphasis on proposals favored by recent panel reviews. The importance of and challenges in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements that govern the decay are considered in detail. The increasing sensitivity of experiments and improvements in nuclear theory make the future exciting for this field at the interface of nuclear and particle physics.

  15. The Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in CUORE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Ejzak; for the CUORE Collaboration

    2009-10-15

    Understanding the nature of neutrino masses will require physics beyond the long-standing Standard Model of particle physics. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments like the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) are uniquely suited for probing the remaining mysteries of neutrino mass, particularly the question of the neutrino's Majorana nature. CUORE will be a next-generation experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy; it will consist of an array of 988 TeO2 detector crystals operated at ~10 mK, following the bolometric technique established by the Cuoricino experiment. It will look for the energy signal produced by the theoretically-predicted neutrinoless double beta decay in Te-130, and therefore reliable energy calibration of the detector is crucial to the experiment's success. We will present the most recent results from Cuoricino and discuss the current status of the CUORE project, with a particular emphasis on the development of the calibration system.

  16. Neutrinoless double {beta}-decay and neutrino mass hierarchies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilenky, S. M. [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, I-34014 Trieste (Italy); Faessler, Amand; Gutsche, Thomas; Simkovic, Fedor [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2005-09-01

    In the framework of the seesaw mechanism the normal hierarchy is favorable for the neutrino mass spectrum. For this spectrum we present a detailed calculation of the half-lives of neutrinoless double {beta}-decay for several nuclei of experimental interest. The half-lives are evaluated by considering the most comprehensive nuclear matrix elements, which were obtained within the renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation by the Bratislava-Caltech-Tuebingen group. The dependence of the half-lives on sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub 13} and the lightest neutrino mass is studied. We present also the results of the calculations of the half-lives of neutrinoless double {beta}-decay in the case of the inverted hierarchy of neutrino masses.

  17. Results of the double beta decay experiment NEMO-3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tretyak, V. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 6 Joliot Curie, Dubna (Russian Federation); Collaboration: NEMO-3 Collaboration

    2013-12-30

    The double beta decay experiment NEMO-3 has taken data from February 2003 to January 2011. The two-neutrino decay half lives were measured for seven different isotopes ({sup 100}Mo, {sup 82}Se, {sup 116}Cd, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 48}Ca and {sup 130}Te). No evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is observed. The 0??? half-life limits are found to be T{sub 1/2}{sup 0?}({sup 100}Mo)>1.0×10{sup 24}yr(90%C.L.) and T{sub 1/2}{sup 0?}({sup 82}Se)>3.2×10{sup 23}yr(90%C.L.)

  18. Shape of Lambda hypernuclei in (beta,gamma) deformation plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myaing Thi Win; K. Hagino; T. Koike

    2010-12-15

    We study the shape of $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei in the full ($\\beta,\\gamma$) deformation plane, including both axially symmetric and triaxial quadrupole deformations. To this end, we use the constrained Skyrme Hartree-Fock+BCS method on the three-dimensional Cartesian mesh. The potential energy surface is analyzed for carbon hypernuclei as well as for sd-shell hypernuclei such as $^{27,29}_{\\Lambda}$Si and $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg. We show that the potential energy surface in the ($\\beta,\\gamma$) plane is similar to each other between the hypernuclei and the corresponding core nuclei, although the addition of $\\Lambda$ hyperon makes the energy surface somewhat softer along the $\\gamma$ direction. Our calculation implies that the energy of the $\\gamma$ vibration for $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg nuclei is lowered by about 0.15 MeV with respect to that of $^{24,26}$Mg nuclei.

  19. On the ordinary mode instability for low beta plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadi, F.; Qamar, A. [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar (Pakistan); Bashir, M. F. [Department of Physics, G. C. University, Lahore (Pakistan); Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University, Lahore (Pakistan); Yoon, P. H. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-2431 (United States); School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin (Korea, Republic of); Schlickeiser, R. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- and Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität, Bochum (Germany)

    2014-05-15

    The purely growing ordinary (O) mode instability, first discussed by Davidson and Wu [Phys. Fluids 13, 1407 (1970)], has recently received renewed attention owing to its potential applicability to the solar wind plasma. In a series of papers, Ibscher, Schlickeiser, and their colleagues [Phys. Plasmas 19, 072116 (2012); ibid. 20, 012103 (2013); ibid. 20, 042121 (2013); ibid. 21, 022110 (2014)] revisited the O mode instability and extended it to the low-beta plasma regime by considering a counter-streaming bi-Maxwellian model. However, the O-mode instability is, thus, far discussed only on the basis of the marginal stability condition rather than actual numerical solutions of the dispersion relation. The present paper revisits the O-mode instability by considering the actual complex roots. The marginal stability condition as a function of the (electron) temperature anisotropy and beta naturally emerges in such a scheme.

  20. Braking the Gas in the beta Pictoris Disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fern'andez, R; Wu, Y; Brandeker, Alexis; Fern\\'andez, Rodrigo

    2006-01-01

    (Abridged) The main sequence star beta Pictoris hosts the best studied circumstellar disk to date. Nonetheless, a long-standing puzzle has been around since the detection of metallic gas in the disk: radiation pressure from the star should blow the gas away, yet the observed motion is consistent with Keplerian rotation. In this work we search for braking mechanisms that can resolve this discrepancy. We find that all species affected by radiation force are heavily ionized and dynamically coupled into a single fluid by Coulomb collisions, reducing the radiation force on species feeling the strongest acceleration. For a gas of solar composition, the resulting total radiation force still exceeds gravity, while a gas of enhanced carbon abundance could be self-braking. We also explore two other braking agents: collisions with dust grains and neutral gas. Grains surrounding beta Pic are photoelectrically charged to a positive electrostatic potential. If a significant fraction of the grains are carbonaceous (10% in t...

  1. DATE COURT GROUP G.NO. TIME TEAM A VS TEAM B ST MARY'S A 1 08H00 NELSON MANDELA METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY VS UNIVERSITY OF JOHANNESBURG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY COURT STATUS G.NO. TIME TEAM A VS TEAM B TUKS B 43 14H00 POS B7 WOMEN VS POS A7 WOMEN ST MARY'S 43 14H00 POS B7 VS POS A7 PRETORIA CLUB 11 & 12 44 14H00 POS A6 VS POS B6 TUKS A 1/2 FINAL 44 15H30 POS B1 WOMEN VS POS A2 WOMEN ST MARY'S 11 & 12 45 15H30 POS A6 WOMEN VS POS B6

  2. First Results of the Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay with the NEMO 3 Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, R.; Caurier, E.; Guyonnet, J.L.; Jollet, C.; Nowacki, F. [IReS, IN2P3-CNRS and ULP, 67037 Strasbourg (France); Augier, C.; Errahmane, K.; Etienvre, A.I.; Jullian, S.; Lalanne, D.; Sarazin, X.; Simard, L.; Szklarz, G. [LAL, IN2P3-CNRS and UPS, 91405 Orsay (France); Baker, J.; Caffrey, A.J. [INL, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 (United States); Barabash, A.; Konovalov, S.; Umatov, V.; Vanushin, I.; Vasilyev, V. [ITEP, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [and others

    2005-10-28

    The NEMO 3 detector, which has been operating in the Frejus underground laboratory since February 2003, is devoted to the search for neutrinoless double-beta decay ({beta}{beta}0{nu}). The half-lives of the two neutrino double-beta decay ({beta}{beta}2{nu}) have been measured for {sup 100}Mo and {sup 82}Se. After 389 effective days of data collection from February 2003 until September 2004 (phase I), no evidence for neutrinoless double-beta decay was found from {approx}7 kg of {sup 100}Mo and {approx}1 kg of {sup 82}Se. The corresponding limits are T{sub 1/2}({beta}{beta}0{nu})>4.6x10{sup 23} yr for {sup 100}Mo and T{sub 1/2}({beta}{beta}0{nu})>1.0x10{sup 23} yr for {sup 82}Se (90% C.L.). Depending on the nuclear matrix element calculation, the limits for the effective Majorana neutrino mass are <0.7-2.8 eV for {sup 100}Mo and <1.7-4.9 eV for {sup 82}Se.

  3. Anomalous energy transport in the FPU-beta chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jani Lukkarinen; Herbert Spohn

    2007-04-12

    We consider the energy current correlation function for the FPU-beta lattice. For small non-linearity one can rely on kinetic theory. The issue reduces then to a spectral analysis of the linearized collision operator. We prove thereby that, on the basis of kinetic theory, the energy current correlations decay in time as t^(-3/5). It follows that the thermal conductivity is anomalous, increasing as N^(2/5) with the system size N.

  4. Weakly Turbulent Magnetohydrodynamic Waves in Compressible Low-{beta} Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandran, Benjamin D. G.

    2008-12-05

    In this Letter, weak-turbulence theory is used to investigate interactions among Alfven waves and fast and slow magnetosonic waves in collisionless low-{beta} plasmas. The wave kinetic equations are derived from the equations of magnetohydrodynamics, and extra terms are then added to model collisionless damping. These equations are used to provide a quantitative description of a variety of nonlinear processes, including parallel and perpendicular energy cascade, energy transfer between wave types, 'phase mixing', and the generation of backscattered Alfven waves.

  5. Nuclear Structure Aspects of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, B A; Sen'kov, R A

    2014-01-01

    We decompose the neutrinoless double-beta decay matrix elements into sums of products over the intermediate nucleus with two less nucleons. We find that the sum is dominated by the J^pi=0^+ ground state of this intermediate nucleus for both the light and heavy neutrino decay processes. This provides a new theoretical tool for comparing and improving nuclear structure models. It also provides the connection to two-nucleon transfer experiments.

  6. Neutrinoless double beta decay studied with configuration mixing methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomas R. Rodriguez; Gabriel Martinez-Pinedo

    2010-12-08

    We study neutrinoless double beta decay of several isotopes with state-of-the-art beyond self-consistent mean field methods to compute the nuclear matrix elements (NME). Generating coordinate method with particle number and angular momentum projection (GCM+PNAMP) is used for finding mother and granddaughter states and evaluating transition operators between different nuclei. We analyze explicitly the role of the deformation, pairing and configuration mixing in the evaluation of the NME.

  7. Nuclear Structure Aspects of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Brown; M. Horoi; R. A. Sen'kov

    2014-09-25

    We decompose the neutrinoless double-beta decay matrix elements into sums of products over the intermediate nucleus with two less nucleons. We find that the sum is dominated by the J^pi=0^+ ground state of this intermediate nucleus for both the light and heavy neutrino decay processes. This provides a new theoretical tool for comparing and improving nuclear structure models. It also provides the connection to two-nucleon transfer experiments.

  8. From dark matter to neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei-Hong Gu

    2012-09-13

    Associated with two TeV-scale leptoquark scalars, a dark matter fermion which is the neutral component of an isotriplet can mediate a testable neutrinoless double beta decay at one-loop level. The dark matter fermion with determined mass and spin-independent scattering can be verified by the future dark matter direct detection experiments. We also discuss the implications on neutrino masses and baryon asymmetry.

  9. Recent advances in neutrinoless double beta decay search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lino Miramonti; Franco Reseghetti

    2004-11-09

    Even after the discovery of neutrino flavour oscillations, based on data from atmospheric, solar, reactor, and accelerator experiments, many characteristics of the neutrino remain unknown. Only the neutrino square-mass differences and the mixing angle values have been estimated, while the value of each mass eigenstate still hasn't. Its nature (massive Majorana or Dirac particle) is still escaping. Neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  10. Fact Sheet: Sodium-Beta Batteries (October 2012)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FY 2007TrafficDepartmentinofDNVSodium-Beta

  11. Addendum to: QRPA uncertainties and their correlations in the analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; V. Rodin; A. M. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2013-01-07

    In a previous article [Phys. Rev. D 79, 053001 (2009)] we estimated the correlated uncertainties associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay (0 nu beta beta) within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). Such estimates encompass recent independent calculations of NMEs, and can thus still provide a fair representation of the nuclear model uncertainties. In this context, we compare the claim of 0 nu beta beta decay in Ge-76 with recent negative results in Xe-136 and in other nuclei, and we infer the lifetime ranges allowed or excluded at 90% C.L. We also highlight some issues that should be addressed in order to properly compare and combine results coming from different 0 nu beta beta decay candidate nuclei.

  12. Challenges for a reliable shell model description of the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 48859 (United States)

    2011-12-16

    Assuming that the neutrinos are Majorana particles and the neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay is observed, a reliable 0{nu}{beta}{beta} matrix element is necessary to decide the neutrino mass hierarchy and the minimum neutrino mass. Many nuclear structure techniques, including the shell model, are presently used to calculate these matrix elements. In the last few years one could see a slow convergence of these results, but not yet at a level of 20 several shell model effective interactions and varying other parameters, finding results in a range that spans about 20In this contribution we describe challenges for obtaining reliable shell model 0{nu}{beta}{beta} matrix elements, with emphasis to {sup 76}Ge and {sup 82}Se decays.

  13. The pleiotropic roles of transforming growth factor beta inhomeostasis and carcinogenesis of endocrine organs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleisch, Markus C.; Maxwell, Christopher A.; Barcellos-Hoff,Mary-Helen

    2006-01-13

    Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a ubiquitous cytokine that plays a critical role in numerous pathways regulating cellular and tissue homeostasis. TGF-beta is regulated by hormones and is a primary mediator of hormone response in uterus, prostate and mammary gland. This review will address the role of TGF-beta in regulating hormone dependent proliferation and morphogenesis. The subversion of TGF-beta regulation during the processes of carcinogenesis, with particular emphasis on its effects on genetic stability and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), will also be examined. An understanding of the multiple and complex mechanisms of TGF-beta regulation of epithelial function, and the ultimate loss of TGF-beta function during carcinogenesis, will be critical in the design of novel therapeutic interventions for endocrine-related cancers.

  14. The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; for the Majorana Collaboration

    2008-11-15

    Neutrinoless double-beta decay searches play a major role in determining the nature of neutrinos, the existence of a lepton violating process, and the effective Majorana neutrino mass. The Majorana Collaboration proposes to assemble an array of HPGe detectors to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge-76. Our proposed method uses the well-established technique of searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in high purity Ge-diode radiation detectors that play both roles of source and detector. The technique is augmented with recent improvements in signal processing and detector design, and advances in controlling intrinsic and external backgrounds. Initially, Majorana aims to construct a prototype module containing 60 kg of Ge detectors to demonstrate the potential of a future 1-tonne experiment. The design and potential reach of this prototype Demonstrator module will be presented. This paper will also discuss detector optimization and low-background requirements, such as material purity, background rejection, and identification of rare backgrounds required to reach the sensitivity goals of the Majorana experiment.

  15. Tribimaximal neutrino mixing and neutrinoless double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, M.; Morisi, S.; Valle, J. W. F. [AHEP Group, Institut de Fisica Corpuscular-- C.S.I.C./Universitat de Valencia, Edificio Institutos de Paterna, Apt 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2008-11-01

    We present a tribimaximal lepton mixing scheme where the neutrinoless double beta decay rate has a lower bound which correlates with the ratio {alpha}{identical_to}{delta}m{sub sol}{sup 2}/{delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} well determined by current data, as well as with the unknown Majorana CP phase {phi}{sub 12} characterizing the solar neutrino subsystem. For the special value {phi}{sub 12}=({pi}/2) (opposite CP-sign neutrinos) the {beta}{beta}{sub 0{nu}} rate vanishes at tree level when {delta}m{sub sol}{sup 2}/{delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2}=3/80, only allowed at 3{sigma}. For all other cases the rate is nonzero, and lies within current and projected experimental sensitivities close to {phi}{sub 12}=0. We suggest two model realizations of this scheme in terms of A{sub 4}xZ{sub 2} and A{sub 4}xZ{sub 4} flavor symmetries.

  16. TEM study of {beta} Prime precipitate interaction mechanisms with dislocations and {beta} Prime interfaces with the aluminium matrix in Al-Mg-Si alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teichmann, Katharina [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Marioara, Calin D.; Andersen, Sigmund J. [SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim (Norway)] [SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim (Norway); Marthinsen, Knut, E-mail: knut.marthinsen@material.ntnu.no [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)] [Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)

    2013-01-15

    The interaction mechanisms between dislocations and semi-coherent, needle-shaped {beta} Prime precipitates in Al-Mg-Si alloys have been studied by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). Dislocation loops appearing as broad contrast rings around the precipitate cross-sections were identified in the Al matrix. A size dependency of the interaction mechanism was observed; the precipitates were sheared when the longest dimension of their cross-section was shorter than approximately 15 nm, and looped otherwise. A more narrow ring located between the Al matrix and bulk {beta} Prime indicates the presence of a transition interface layer. Together with the bulk {beta} Prime structure, this was further investigated by High Angle Annular Dark Field Scanning TEM (HAADF-STEM). In the bulk {beta} Prime a higher intensity could be correlated with a third of the Si-columns, as predicted from the published structure. The transition layer incorporates Si columns in the same arrangement as in bulk {beta} Prime , although it is structurally distinct from it. The Z-contrast information and arrangement of these Si-columns demonstrate that they are an extension of the Si-network known to structurally connect all the precipitate phases in the Al-Mg-Si(-Cu) system. The width of the interface layer was estimated to about 1 nm. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {beta} Prime is found to be looped at sizes larger than 15 nm (cross section diameter). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {beta} Prime is found to be sheared at sizes smaller than 15 nm (cross section diameter). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The recently determined crystal structure of {beta} Prime is confirmed by HAADF-STEM. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Between {beta} Prime and the Al-matrix a transition layer of about 1 nm is existent. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {beta} Prime /matrix layer is structurally distinct from bulk {beta} Prime and the aluminium matrix.

  17. Towards a realistic model of quarks and leptons, leptonic CP violation and neutrinoless $\\beta\\beta$-decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Y H

    2014-01-01

    In order to explain the fermion masses and mixings naturally, we introduce a specific flavor symmetry and mass suppression pattern that constrain the flavor structure of the fermion Yukawa couplings. Our model describes why the hierarchy of neutrino masses is milder than the hierarchy of charged fermion masses in terms of successive powers of flavon fields. We investigate CP violation and neutrinoless double beta ($0\

  18. Physics Division activities report, 1986--1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This report summarizes the research activities of the Physics Division for the years 1986 and 1987. Areas of research discussed in this paper are: research on e/sup +/e/sup /minus// interactions; research on p/bar p/ interactions; experiment at TRIUMF; double beta decay; high energy astrophysics; interdisciplinary research; and advanced technology development and the SSC.

  19. Z .Physics Letters B 480 2000 1218 Detection of very small neutrino masses in double-beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gratta, Giorgio

    that new techniques in dark matter, solar neutrino, and neutrinoless double beta decay have the resources

  20. Courts Basketball Magnolia Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    , S GZ33 E,S,D GZ33, S GZ33 E Only E or D Parking in pink area E, S, D S LOT 38C LOT 38H LOT 38B LOT 38B LOT 9C Laurel Drive Parking Garage Collins Blvd. Parking Facility GZ1, S Richard A. Beard Parking Garage S, R, GZ8, D Crescent Hill Parking Garage S, E, D E,D Y, S, R, E, GZ, D LOT 43A Carol & Frank

  1. Baseball Field Tennis Court

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STREET THIRD STREET FOURTH STREET FIRST STREET PO RTO LA AVEN U E NORTH STREET BOULDRY ROAD SECOND STREET NAVAL SUPPORT ACTIVITY MONTEREY 0 300 600 900150 Feet MAIN STATION MAP ALL EMERGENCIES DIAL 9-911 POLICE

  2. Courts Basketball Magnolia Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Hillel Jewish Student Center HIL Chapel Center CHA Crosswinds Wesley Foundation WFC Physical Education

  3. Solsbury Court Marlborough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Student Centre, Students' Union Starbucks, Fresh Express, Pitstop Costa Coffee, Proper Pasty Students

  4. Frazier Courts, Dallas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, B.

    2011-01-01

    in kind donors Ex: Valspar donates paint so Habitat requests that we receive low- VOC paint ESL-KT-11-11-24 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Completely sealed walls High quality, thermally efficient windows (Double pane, Low E... are also energy conscious & utilize green building methods Ex: HVAC installer tapes duct work so does not get contaminated during construction Dallas Habitat relies heavily on the cooperation & collaboration of paid vendors & gift...

  5. Round Time Court 1 (Indoor) Court 2 (Indoor) Round Time Court 1 (Indoor) Court 2 (Indoor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    :00 Play-Offs (A) A1 (Super) Pos 5 vs A2 (Prem) Pos 2 Play-Offs (B) A1 (Super) Pos 6 vs A2 (Prem) Pos 1 4 13:00 Semi-Final (F) A1 (Super) Pos 2 vs A1 (Super) Pos 3 Play-Offs (H) A2 (Prem) Pos 4 vs A2 (Prem) Pos 5 5 14:30 Semi-Final (G) A1 (Super) Pos 1 vs A1 (Super) Pos 4 Play-Offs (I) A2 (Prem) Pos 3 vs A2

  6. King Cotton w/ Court 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Atascosa 2005 U 6 3 Comanche 2005 D 8 3 Erath 2004 F 6 2 2004 L 5 2 2004 P 6 2 2004 T 9 6 Gaines 2005 A 10 3 2005 B 20 3 2004 E 84 24 2005 H 18 3 2004 J 12 6 2004 W 48 9 Total Isolates 232 67 12..., respectively (Table B1). Each field population of S. minor was found to differ significantly (P #3; 0.01) in aggressiveness (Tables A2-A13). When plotted as frequency categories, several distinct patterns were found among fields (Fig. 7). Very few isolates...

  7. Killian Court Roberts Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Cogeneration Plant Cyclotron Parsons Laboratory Pratt School Walker Memorial Wood Sailing Pavilion Green Bldg

  8. Killian Court Roberts Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    Maclaurin Bldg William R. Dickson Cogeneration Plant Cyclotron Parsons Laboratory Pratt School Walker

  9. Progress Reports Reporting Obligations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    Progress Reports - 1 - Reporting Obligations When submitting applications and accepting awards, Syracuse University agrees to adhere to a sponsor's reporting requirements. Principal Investigators/Project Directors (PIs/PDs) agree to fulfill these reporting requirements and other sponsor conditions when

  10. Cholesterol enhances amyloid {beta} deposition in mouse retina by modulating the activities of A{beta}-regulating enzymes in retinal pigment epithelial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jiying [Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan)] [Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan); Ohno-Matsui, Kyoko, E-mail: k.ohno.oph@tmd.ac.jp [Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan)] [Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan); Morita, Ikuo [Section of Cellular Physiological Chemistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan)] [Section of Cellular Physiological Chemistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519 (Japan)

    2012-08-10

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cholesterol-treated RPE produces more A{beta} than non-treated RPE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Neprilysin expression and activity decreased in cholesterol-treated RPE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {alpha}-Secretase expression and activity decreased in cholesterol-treated RPE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cholesterol-enriched diet induced subRPE deposits in aged mice. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A{beta} were present in cholesterol-enriched-diet-induced subRPE deposits in aged mice. -- Abstract: Subretinally-deposited amyloid {beta} (A{beta}) is a main contributor of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the mechanism causing A{beta} deposition in AMD eyes is unknown. Hypercholesterolemia is a significant risk for developing AMD. Thus, we investigated the effects of cholesterol on A{beta} production in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro and in the mouse retina in vivo. RPE cells isolated from senescent (12-month-old) C57BL/6 mice were treated with 10 {mu}g/ml cholesterol for 48 h. A{beta} amounts in culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Activity and expression of enzymes and proteins that regulate A{beta} production were examined by activity assay and real time PCR. The retina of mice fed cholesterol-enriched diet was examined by transmission electron microscopy. Cholesterol significantly increased A{beta} production in cultured RPE cells. Activities of A{beta} degradation enzyme; neprilysin (NEP) and anti-amyloidogenic secretase; {alpha}-secretase were significantly decreased in cell lysates of cholesterol-treated RPE cells compared to non-treated cells, but there was no change in the activities of {beta}- or {gamma}-secretase. mRNA levels of NEP and {alpha}-secretase (ADAM10 and ADAM17) were significantly lower in cholesterol-treated RPE cells than non-treated cells. Senescent (12-month-old) mice fed cholesterol-enriched chow developed subRPE deposits containing A{beta}, whereas age-matched mice fed standard rodent chow diet did not. Activities and mRNA levels of NEP and {alpha}-secretase were significantly lower in native RPE cells freshly isolated from cholesterol-enriched chow fed mice compared to standard rodent chow fed mice. These findings suggest that cholesterol enhances subretinal A{beta} accumulation by modulating the activities of enzymes degrading and processing A{beta} in RPE cells in senescent subjects.

  11. Effect of hydrogen on the {beta} transus temperature of TC21 alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, T.K., E-mail: zhutangkui@sohu.com; Li, M.Q., E-mail: honeymli@nwpu.edu.cn

    2011-09-15

    Effect of hydrogen on the {beta} transus temperature of TC21 alloy was investigated by metallographic technique and dilatometry. It is found that the {beta} transus temperature is closely related to the hydrogen content. For the hydrogenated TC21 alloy, the starting and finishing temperatures of {alpha} {yields} {beta} phase transition decrease with the increasing of hydrogen content before the hydride precipitates. And the finishing temperature of {alpha} {yields} {beta} phase transition increases as the hydrogen content increases after the hydride precipitates. Furthermore, corresponding inherent mechanisms of the above-mentioned phenomena have been presented according to atomic diffusivity, interface migration and the precipitation of hydride. - Research Highlights: {yields} The {beta} transus temperature of TC21 alloy is closely related to hydrogen content. {yields} The mechanism for effect of hydrogen on the {beta} transus temperature is presented. {yields} Precipitation of hydride has a significant influence on the {beta} transus temperature. {yields} The {alpha}/{beta} interface migration has an important effect on the {beta} transus temperature. {yields} The improvement of atom diffusivity affects the {beta} transus temperature highly.

  12. Diophantine properties for q-analogues of Dirichlet's beta function at positive integers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jouhet, Frederic

    2008-01-01

    small In this paper, we define $q$-analogues of Dirichlet's beta function at positive integers, which can be written as $\\beta_q(s)=\\sum_{k\\geq1}\\sum_{d|k}\\chi(k/d)d^{s-1}q^k$ for $s\\in\\N^*$, where $q$ is a complex number such that $|q|transcendance of the numbers $\\beta_q(2s+1)$ for $q$ algebraic such that $0numbers $\\beta_q(2s)$: we give a lower bound for the dimension of the vector space over $\\Q$ spanned by $1,\\beta_q(2),\\beta_q(4),...,\\beta_q(A)$, where $1/q\\in\\Z\\setminus\\{-1;1\\}$ and $A$ is an even integer. As consequences, for $1/q\\in\\Z\\setminus\\{-1;1\\}$, on the one hand there is an infinity of irrational numbers among $\\beta_q(2),\\beta_q(4),...$, and on the other hand at least one of the numbers $\\beta_q(2),\\...

  13. The effect of interferon-{beta} on mouse neural progenitor cell survival and differentiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirsch, Marek [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States)] [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States); Knight, Julia [Neuroscience Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States)] [Neuroscience Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States); Tobita, Mari; Soltys, John; Panitch, Hillel [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States)] [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States); Mao-Draayer, Yang, E-mail: yang.mao-draayer@vtmednet.org [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States)] [Neurology Department, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT (United States)

    2009-10-16

    Interferon-{beta} (IFN-{beta}) is a mainstay therapy for relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the direct effects of IFN-{beta} on the central nervous system (CNS) are not well understood. To determine whether IFN-{beta} has direct neuroprotective effects on CNS cells, we treated adult mouse neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in vitro with IFN-{beta} and examined the effects on proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. We found that mouse NPCs express high levels of IFN{alpha}/{beta} receptor (IFNAR). In response to IFN-{beta} treatment, no effect was observed on differentiation or proliferation. However, IFN-{beta} treated mouse NPCs demonstrated decreased apoptosis upon growth factor withdrawal. Pathway-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) arrays demonstrated that IFN-{beta} treatment upregulated the STAT 1 and 2 signaling pathway, as well as GFRA2, NOD1, Caspases 1 and 12, and TNFSF10. These results suggest that IFN-{beta} can directly affect NPC survival, possibly playing a neuroprotective role in the CNS by modulating neurotrophic factors.

  14. Phosphorylation prevents C/EBP{beta} from the calpain-dependent degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yuan-yuan; Li, Shu-fen; Qian, Shu-wen; Zhang, You-you; Liu, Yuan; Tang, Qi-Qun; Li, Xi, E-mail: lixi@shmu.edu.cn

    2012-03-16

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phosphorylation protected C/EBP{beta} from {mu}-calpain-mediated proteolysis in vitro. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phosphorylation mimic C/EBP{beta} was insensitive to calpain accelerator and inhibitor. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phosphorylation on Thr{sub 188} contributed more to the stabilization of C/EBP{beta}. -- Abstract: CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) {beta} plays an important role in proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. C/EBP{beta} is sequentially phosphorylated during the 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation program, first by MAPK/Cyclin A/cdk2 on Thr{sub 188} and subsequently by GSK3{beta} on Ser{sub 184} or Thr{sub 179}. Dual phosphorylation is critical for the gain of DNA binding activity of C/EBP{beta}. In this manuscript, we found that phosphorylation also contributed to the stability of C/EBP{beta}. Both ex vivo and in vitro experiments showed that phosphorylation by MAPK/Cyclin A/cdk2 and GSK3{beta} protected C/EBP{beta} from {mu}-calpain-mediated proteolysis, while phosphorylation on Thr{sub 188} by MAPK/Cyclin A/cdk2 contributed more to the stabilization of C/EBP{beta}, Further studies indicated that phosphorylation mimic C/EBP{beta} was insensitive to both calpain accelerator and calpain inhibitor. Thus, phosphorylation might contribute to the stability as well as the gain of DNA binding activity of C/EBP{beta}.

  15. Neutrinoless double {beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements within the SRQRPA with self-consistent short range correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benes, Petr [IEAP, Czech Technical University (Czech Republic); Simkovic, Fedor [Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Comenius University, Mlynska dolina, SK-84248 Bratislava (Slovakia); Bogolyubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2009-11-09

    The nuclear matrix elements M{sup 0v} of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0v{beta}{beta}-decay) are systematically evaluated using the self-consistent renormalized quasiparticle random phase approximation (SRQRPA). The residual interaction and the two-nucleon short-range correlations are derived from the charge-dependent Bonn (CD-Bonn) potential. The importance of further progress in the calculation of the 0v{beta}{beta}-decay nuclear matrix elements is stressed.

  16. Signal modeling of high-purity Ge detectors with a small read-out electrode and application to neutrinoless double beta decay search in Ge-76

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Agostini; C. A. Ur; D. Budjáš; E. Bellotti; R. Brugnera; C. M. Cattadori; A. di Vacri; A. Garfagnini; L. Pandola; S. Schönert

    2011-01-17

    The GERDA experiment searches for the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76 using high-purity germanium detectors enriched in Ge-76. The analysis of the signal time structure provides a powerful tool to identify neutrinoless double beta decay events and to discriminate them from gamma-ray induced backgrounds. Enhanced pulse shape discrimination capabilities of "Broad Energy Germanium" detectors with a small read-out electrode have been recently reported. This paper describes the full simulation of the response of such a detector, including the Monte Carlo modeling of radiation interaction and subsequent signal shape calculation. A pulse shape discrimination method based on the ratio between the maximum current signal amplitude and the event energy applied to the simulated data shows quantitative agreement with the experimental data acquired with calibration sources. The simulation has been used to study the survival probabilities of the decays which occur inside the detector volume and are difficult to assess experimentally. Such internal decay events are produced by the cosmogenic radio-isotopes Ge-68 and Co-60 and the neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge-76. Fixing the experimental acceptance of the double escape peak of the 2.614 MeV photon to 90%, the estimated survival probabilities at Qbb = 2.039 MeV are (86+-3)% for Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decays, (4.5+-0.3)% for the Ge-68 daughter Ga-68, and (0.9+0.4-0.2)% for Co-60 decays.

  17. Unlike PPAR{gamma}, PPAR{alpha} or PPAR{beta}/{delta} activation does not promote human monocyte differentiation toward alternative macrophages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouhlel, Mohamed Amine; Inserm U545, F-59000 Lille; UDSL, F-59000 Lille; Institut Pasteur de Lille, F-59019 Lille ; Brozek, John; Derudas, Bruno; Inserm U545, F-59000 Lille; UDSL, F-59000 Lille; Institut Pasteur de Lille, F-59019 Lille ; Zawadzki, Christophe; Jude, Brigitte; Staels, Bart; Inserm U545, F-59000 Lille; UDSL, F-59000 Lille; Institut Pasteur de Lille, F-59019 Lille ; Chinetti-Gbaguidi, Giulia; Inserm U545, F-59000 Lille; UDSL, F-59000 Lille; Institut Pasteur de Lille, F-59019 Lille

    2009-08-28

    Macrophages adapt their response to micro-environmental signals. While Th1 cytokines promote pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages, Th2 cytokines promote an 'alternative' anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotype. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors expressed in macrophages where they control the inflammatory response. It has been shown that PPAR{gamma} promotes the differentiation of monocytes into anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages in humans and mice, while a role for PPAR{beta}/{delta} in this process has been reported only in mice and no data are available for PPAR{alpha}. Here, we show that in contrast to PPAR{gamma}, expression of PPAR{alpha} and PPAR{beta}/{delta} overall does not correlate with the expression of M2 markers in human atherosclerotic lesions, whereas a positive correlation with genes of lipid metabolism exists. Moreover, unlike PPAR{gamma}, PPAR{alpha} or PPAR{beta}/{delta} activation does not influence human monocyte differentiation into M2 macrophages in vitro. Thus, PPAR{alpha} and PPAR{beta}/{delta} do not appear to modulate the alternative differentiation of human macrophages.

  18. Key residues for the oligomerization of A{beta}42 protein in Alzheimer's disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngo, Sam [Department of Neurology, Brain Research Institute, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Neurology, Brain Research Institute, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Guo, Zhefeng, E-mail: zhefeng@ucla.edu [Department of Neurology, Brain Research Institute, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Neurology, Brain Research Institute, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

    2011-10-28

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A{beta} oligomers are neurotoxins and likely the causing agents for Alzheimer's disease. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A{beta}42 fusion protein form globular oligomers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A{beta}42 fusion protein oligomers contain SDS-resistant tetramers and hexamers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cysteine substitutions at residues 31, 32, 34, 39-41 disrupt A{beta}42 oligomerization. -- Abstract: Deposition of amyloid fibrils consisting of amyloid {beta} (A{beta}) protein as senile plaques in the brain is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. However, a growing body of evidence shows that soluble A{beta} oligomers correlate better with dementia than fibrils, suggesting that A{beta} oligomers may be the primary toxic species. The structure and oligomerization mechanism of these A{beta} oligomers are crucial for developing effective therapeutics. Here we investigated the oligomerization of A{beta}42 in the context of a fusion protein containing GroES and ubiquitin fused to the N-terminus of A{beta} sequence. The presence of fusion protein partners, in combination with a denaturing buffer containing 8 M urea at pH 10, is unfavorable for A{beta}42 aggregation, thus allowing only the most stable structures to be observed. Transmission electron microscopy showed that A{beta}42 fusion protein formed globular oligomers, which bound weakly to thioflavin T and Congo red. SDS-PAGE shows that A{beta}42 fusion protein formed SDS-resistant hexamers and tetramers. In contrast, A{beta}40 fusion protein remained as monomers on SDS gel, suggesting that the oligomerization of A{beta}42 fusion protein is not due to the fusion protein partners. Cysteine scanning mutagenesis at 22 residue positions further revealed that single cysteine substitutions of the C-terminal hydrophobic residues (I31, I32, L34, V39, V40, and I41) led to disruption of hexamer and tetramer formation, suggesting that hydrophobic interactions between these residues are most critical for A{beta}42 oligomerization.

  19. THE MINERALOGY AND STRUCTURE OF THE INNER DEBRIS DISK OF {beta} PICTORIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Dan; Telesco, Charles M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Wright, Christopher M., E-mail: dli@astro.ufl.edu [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, P.O. Box 7916, Canberra BC ACT 2610 (Australia)

    2012-11-10

    We observed the edge-on, planet-bearing disk of {beta} Pictoris using T-ReCS at Gemini to clarify and extend previous observations and conclusions about this unique system. Our spectroscopy and spectral modeling of the 10 {mu}m silicate feature constrain the spatial distributions of three representative dust components (0.1 {mu}m/2.0 {mu}m glassy olivine and crystalline forsterite) across the inner 20 AU of the disk. We confirm that the 2.0 {mu}m glassy olivine is strongly peaked in the disk center and that the 0.1 {mu}m glassy olivine does not show this concentration, but rather is double peaked, with the peaks on either side of the star. However, we do not see the strong difference in brightness between those two peaks reported in a previous study. Although the spatial distribution of the 0.1 {mu}m dust is consistent with the scenario of a dust-replenishing planetesimal belt embedded in the disk, we note an alternative interpretation that can explain the spatial distributions of the 0.1 {mu}m and 2.0 {mu}m grains simultaneously and does not require the planetesimal belt. In addition to the spectroscopy, we also obtained a new 11.7 {mu}m image of the {beta} Pic disk. By comparing this image with that acquired in 2003, we confirm the existence and overall shape of the dusty clump at 52 AU in the SW disk. We speculate that the clump's projected spatial displacement of {approx}2.0 AU, a 3.6{sigma} result, between two epochs separated by seven years is due to the Keplerian motion of the clump at an orbital radius of 54.3{sup +2.0} {sub -1.2} AU.

  20. Beta-decay measurements of neutron-deficient cesium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parry, R.F.

    1983-03-01

    Beta decay endpoint energy measurements of the neutron deficient cesium isotopes were done using an energy spectrum shape fitting technique. This was a departure from the typical method of endpoint energy analysis, the Fermi-Kurie plot. A discussion of the shape fitting procedure and its improved features are discussed. These beta endpoint measurements have led to total decay energies (Q/sub EC/) of the neutron deficient /sup 119/ /sup 123/Cs isotopes. The total decay energies of /sup 122m/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 6.95 +- 0.25 MeV) and /sup 119/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 6.26 +- 0.29 MeV) were new measurements. The total decay energies of /sup 123/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 4.05 +- 0.18 MeV), /sup 122g/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 7.05 +- 0.18 MeV), /sup 121/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 5.21 +- 0.22 MeV), and /sup 120/Cs (Q/sub EC/ = 7.38 +- 0.23 MeV) were measurements with significantly improved uncertainties as compared to the literature. Further, a combination of the energy levels derived from previous literature gamma-gamma coincident measurements and the experimental beta-coincident gamma decay energies has supported an improved level scheme for /sup 121/Xe and the proposal of three new energy levels in /sup 119/Xe. Comparison of the experimental cesium mass excesses (determined with our Q/sub EC/ values and known xenon mass excesses) with both the literature and theoretical predicted values showed general agreement except for /sup 120/Cs. Possible explanations for this deviation are discussed.

  1. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Heavy Sterile Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manimala Mitra; Goran Senjanovic; Francesco Vissani

    2011-12-21

    The experimental rate of neutrinoless double beta decay can be saturated by the exchange of virtual sterile neutrinos, that mix with the ordinary neutrinos and are heavier than 200 MeV. Interestingly, this hypothesis is subject only to marginal experimental constraints, because of the new nuclear matrix elements. This possibility is analyzed in the context of the Type I seesaw model, performing also exploratory investigations of the implications for heavy neutrino mass spectra, rare decays of mesons as well as neutrino-decay search, LHC, and lepton flavor violation. The heavy sterile neutrinos can saturate the rate only when their masses are below some 10 TeV, but in this case, the suppression of the light-neutrino masses has to be more than the ratio of the electroweak scale and the heavy-neutrino scale; i.e., more suppressed than the naive seesaw expectation. We classify the cases when this condition holds true in the minimal version of the seesaw model, showing its compatibility (1) with neutrinoless double beta rate being dominated by heavy neutrinos and (2) with any light neutrino mass spectra. The absence of excessive fine-tunings and the radiative stability of light neutrino mass matrices, together with a saturating sterile neutrino contribution, imply an upper bound on the heavy neutrino masses of about 10 GeV. We extend our analysis to the Extended seesaw scenario, where the light and the heavy sterile neutrino contributions are completely decoupled, allowing the sterile neutrinos to saturate the present experimental bound on neutrinoless double beta decay. In the models analyzed, the rate of this process is not strictly connected with the values of the light neutrino masses, and a fast transition rate is compatible with neutrinos lighter than 100 meV.

  2. Data Testing for ENDF/B-VII.1beta2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacFarlane, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-01

    Calculations have been performed for 390 critical assemblies from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments using the beta2 release of ENDF/B-VII.1. The results are compared to previous results for ENDF/B-VII. Cases that changed between the two versions are highlighted, and the results are discussed. The Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) is working on a new release of the ENDF/B-VII library of evaluated nuclear data, and the 'beta2' set of files was recently made available by the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC). A set of about 850 input files for the MCNP Monte Carlo code to run critical assemblies from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments was available from our previous data testing work for ENDF/B-VII.0. We have now run 390 of those cases using data based on the beta2 files, and those results will be presented below. The ENDF files were downloaded from the NNDC to a Mac workstation. They were then processed using NJOY10 into ACE format files for use in the MCNP Monte Carlo code. The processing was limited to materials needed for the data testing work at this point. The existing MCNP input decks were used. No checking was done to see if any of the benchmarks had been updated since the ENDF/B-VII testing was finished. Most runs used 50 million histories in order to get Monte Carlo statistical uncertainties down the 0.01% range.

  3. The Proposed Majorana 76Ge Double-Beta Decay Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aalseth, Craig E.; Anderson, Dale N.; Arthur, Richard J.; Avignone, Frank T.; Baktash, Cryus; Ball, Thedore; Barabash, Alexander S.; Bertrand, F.; Brodzinski, Ronald L.; Brudanin, V.; Bugg, William; Champagne, A. E.; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Cianciolo, Thomas V.; Collar, J. I.; Creswick, R. W.; Descovich, M.; Di Marco, Marie; Doe, P. J.; Dunham, Glen C.; Efremenko, Yuri; Egerov, V.; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, Steven R.; Emanuel, A.; Fallon, Paul; Farach, H. A.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, Victor; Grzywacz, Robert; Hallin, A.; Hazma, R.; Henning, R.; Hime, Andrew; Hossbach, Todd W.; Jordan, David V.; Kazkaz, K.; Kephart, Jeremy; King, G. S.; Kochetov, Oleg; Konovalov, S.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Lesko, Kevin; Luke, P.; Luzum, M.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; McDonald, A.; Mei, Dongming; Miley, Harry S.; Mills, G. B.; Mokhtarani, A.; Nomachi, Masaharu; Orrell, John L.; Palms, John M.; Poon, Alan; Radford, D. C.; Reeves, James H.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Runkle, Robert C.; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P.; Saburov, Konstantin; Sandukovsky, Viatcheslav; Sonnenschein, Andrew; Tornow, W.; Tull, C.; van de Water, R. G.; Vanushin, Igor; Vetter, Kai; Warner, Ray A.; Wilkerson, John F.; Wouters, Jan M.; Young , A. R.; Yumatov, V.

    2005-01-01

    The proposed Majorana experiment is based on an array of segmented intrinsic Ge detectors with a total mass of 500 kg of Ge isotopically enriched to 86% in 76Ge. Background reduction will be accomplished by: material selection, detector segmentation, pulse shape analysis, electro-formation of copper parts, and granularity of detector spacing. The predicted experimental sensitivity for measurement of the neutrinoless double-beta decay mode of 76Ge, over a data acquisition period of 5000 kg•y, is ~ 4?1027 y.

  4. Neutrinoless double beta decay in four-neutrino models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Kalliomaki; Jukka Maalampi

    2000-03-29

    The most stringent constraint on the so-called effective electron neutrino mass from the present neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is |M_{ee}| < 0.2 eV, while the planned next generation experiment GENIUS is anticipated to reach a considerably more stringent limit |M_{ee}|< 0.001 eV. We investigate the constraints these bounds set on the neutrino masses and mixings of neutrinos in four-neutrino models where there exists a sterile neutrino along with the three ordinary neutrinos. We find that the GENIUS experiment would be sensitive to the electron neutrino masses down to the limit m_{\

  5. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Lepton Flavor Violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Cirigliano; A. Kurylov; M. J. Ramsey-Musolf; P. Vogel

    2004-06-17

    We point out that extensions of the Standard Model with low scale (~TeV) lepton number violation (LNV) generally lead to a pattern of lepton flavor violation (LFV) experimentally distinguishable from the one implied by models with GUT scale LNV. As a consequence, muon LFV processes provide a powerful diagnostic tool to determine whether or not the effective neutrino mass can be deduced from the rate of neutrinoless double beta decay. We discuss the role of \\mu -> e \\gamma and \\mu -> e conversion in nuclei, which will be studied with high sensitivity in forthcoming experiments.

  6. Efficient double beta decay nuclear matrix elements computations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neacsu, Andrei [Horia Hulubei Foundation (FHH) 407 Atomistilor, Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) 30 Reactorului, Magurele-Bucharest 077125 (Romania)

    2012-11-20

    We have developed a shell model code for the accurate computation of the two-body matrix elements of the transition operators involved in the neutrinoless double beta decay. This code features coupled cluster method short-range correlations with Jastrow-like functions, finite nucleon size effect and higher order nucleon current corrections. We present the results obtained for {sup 48}Ca and {sup 82}Se, then we compare them with other results in the literature. In the case of {sup 48}Ca, we also study the contributions of the included effects and find good agreement with other published results.

  7. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay: Low Left-Right Symmetry Scale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miha Nemevsek; Fabrizio Nesti; Goran Senjanovic; Vladimir Tello

    2011-12-20

    Experiments in progress may confirm a nonzero neutrinoless double beta decay rate in conflict with the cosmological upper limit on neutrino masses and thus require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A natural candidate is the Left-Right symmetric theory, which led originally to neutrino mass and the seesaw mechanism. In the absence of cancelations of large Dirac Yukawa couplings, we show how such a scenario would require a low scale of Left-Right symmetry breaking roughly below 10 TeV, tantalizingly close to the LHC reach.

  8. Nuclear Structure Aspects of the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Caurier; F. Nowacki; A. Poves

    2008-01-09

    In this article, we analyze some nuclear structure aspects of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements (NME), in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model. We give results for the decays of 48Ca, 76Ge, 82Se, 124Sn, 128Te, 130Te, and 136Xe, using improved effective interactions and valence spaces. We examine the dependence of the NME's on the effective interaction and the valence space, and analyze the effects of the short range correlations and the finite size of the nucleon. Finally we study the influence of the deformation on the values of the NME's.

  9. Method for converting sucrose to .beta.-D-glucose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Volponi, Joanne V. (Livermore, CA); Ingersoll, David (Albuquerque, NM); Walker, Andrew (Woodinville, WA)

    2009-07-07

    Disclosed is an apparatus and method for continuously converting sucrose to .beta.-D-glucose. The method comprises a three-stage enzymatic reactor in which an aqueous solution of sucrose is first converted into a solution of fructose and .alpha.-D-glucose by passing it through a porous, packed column containing an inert media on which invertase is immobilized. This solution is then sent through a second packed column containing glucose isomerase and finally a third packed column containing mutarotase. Solution temperature and pH are adjusted to maximize glucose output.

  10. On the drift magnetosonic waves in anisotropic low beta plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naim, Hafsa, E-mail: roohi-phy@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Katchery Road, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Bashir, M. F., E-mail: frazbashir@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Murtaza, G. [Visiting Professor, Department of Physics, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2014-10-15

    A generalized dispersion relation of obliquely propagating drift magnetosonic waves is derived by using the gyrokinetic theory for anisotropic low beta plasmas. The stability analysis applicable to a wide range of plasma parameters is performed to understand the stabilization mechanism of the drift magnetosonic instability and the estimation of the growth rate is also presented. It is noted that the growth rate of the drift instability enhances for small anisotropy (A{sub e,i}?=?T{sub ?e,i}/T{sub ?e,i}??1)

  11. The MAJORANA Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment (Conference) |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)FeedbackProperties of GrapheneProposedneutrinoless double-betaSciTech

  12. Physics with a very first low-energy beta-beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristina Volpe

    2005-10-18

    We describe the importance of having low-energy (10-100 MeV) neutrino beams produced through the decay of boosted radioactive ions (``beta-beams''). We focus on the interest for neutrino-nucleus interaction studies and their impact for astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. In particular, we discuss the relation to neutrinoless double-beta decay. Finally, we mention the status as far as the feasibility of low-energy beta-beams is concerned.

  13. Total absorption {gamma}-ray spectroscopy of beta delayed neutron emitters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valencia, E.; Algora, A.; Tain, J. L.; Agramunt, J.; Jordan, M. D.; Molina, F.; Estevez, E.; Rubio, B.; Perez, A. [IFIC, CSIC - Univ. Valencia, Valencia (Spain); Rice, S.; Bowry, M.; Gelletly, W.; Podolyak, Zs.; Regan, P. H.; Farrelly, G. F. [Univ. Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom); Zakari-Issoufou, A.-A.; Porta, A.; Fallot, M.; Bui, V. M. [Subatech, CNRS/INP2P3, Nantes, EMN, Nantes (France); Caballero-Folch, R. [Univ. Pol. Catalunya, Barcelona (Spain); and others

    2013-06-10

    Preliminary results of the data analysis of the beta decay of {sup 94}Rb using a novel - segmented- total absorption spectrometer are shown in this contribution. This result is part of a systematic study of important contributors to the decay heat problem in nuclear reactors. In this particular case the goal is to determine the beta intensity distribution below the neutron separation energy and the gamma/beta competition above.

  14. Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Results on neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge from Gerda Phase I M. Agostini,14 M. Allardt,3 E and a lower limit is derived for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay of 76 Ge, T0 1/2> 2.1 · 1025 double beta decay of the isotope 76 Ge. Data con- sidered in the present analysis have been collected

  15. A novel approach to background reduction in double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Tabarelli de Fatis

    2009-08-02

    Active background reduction in high resolution calorimeters is a promising approach to achieve ultimate sensitivity in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. We propose Cerenkov emission from beta rays in bolometric crystals as a viable alternative to scintillation. This novel approach could broaden the range of materials of interest for calorimetric searches of the double beta decay. We discuss the optical properties of TeO$_2$ crystals, as a show case.

  16. Double beta decay versus cosmology: Majorana CP phases and nuclear matrix elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deppisch, Frank; Paes, Heinrich [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O.B. 35, FIN-40014, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2005-08-01

    We discuss the relation between the absolute neutrino mass scale, the effective mass measured in neutrinoless double beta decay, and the Majorana CP phases. Emphasis is placed on estimating the upper bound on the nuclear matrix element entering calculations of the double beta decay half-life. Combining the claimed evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay with the neutrino mass bound from cosmology, one of the Majorana CP phases can be constrained.

  17. Shell model nuclear matrix elements for competing mechanisms contributing to double beta decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horoi, Mihai

    2013-12-30

    Recent progress in the shell model approach to the nuclear matrix elements for the double beta decay process are presented. This includes nuclear matrix elements for competing mechanisms to neutrionless double beta decay, a comparison between closure and non-closure approximation for {sup 48}Ca, and an updated shell model analysis of nuclear matrix elements for the double beta decay of {sup 136}Xe.

  18. Effects of concomitant use of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 with beta-tricalcium phosphate ({beta}-TCP) on the beagle dog 1-wall periodontal defect model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anzai, Jun; Department of Periodontology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1-8 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 ; Kitamura, Masahiro; Nozaki, Takenori; Nagayasu, Toshie; Terashima, Akio; Asano, Taiji; Murakami, Shinya

    2010-12-17

    Research highlights: {yields} Concomitant use of FGF-2 and {beta}-TCP (an osteo-conductive scaffold) significantly promotes periodontal regeneration in the severe periodontitis model (1-wall defect model) of beagle dog. {yields} FGF-2 enhanced new bone formation via {beta}-TCP at the defects. {yields} In particular, FGF-2 dramatically regenerated new periodontal ligament and cementum formations at the defects, that is one of the most important healing outcomes during the process of periodontal regeneration. {yields} Epithelial downgrowth (undesirable wound healing) was decreased by administration of FGF-2. {yields} This manuscript indicates for the first time that concomitant use of FGF-2 and {beta}-TCP is efficacious in regenerating periodontal tissue following severe destruction of the tissue by progression of periodontitis. -- Abstract: The effects of concomitant use of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and beta-tricalcium phosphate ({beta}-TCP) on periodontal regeneration were investigated in the beagle dog 1-wall periodontal defect model. One-wall periodontal defects were created in the mesial portion of both sides of the mandibular first molars, and 0.3% FGF-2 plus {beta}-TCP or {beta}-TCP alone was administered. Radiographic evaluation was performed at 0, 3, and 6 weeks. At 6 weeks, the periodontium with the defect site was removed and histologically analyzed. Radiographic findings showed that co-administration of FGF-2 significantly increased bone mineral contents of the defect sites compared with {beta}-TCP alone. Histologic analysis revealed that the length of the regenerated periodontal ligament, the cementum, distance to the junctional epithelium, new bone height, and area of newly formed bone were significantly increased in the FGF-2 group. No abnormal inflammatory response or ankylosis was observed in either group. These findings indicate the efficacy of concomitant use of FGF-2 and {beta}-TCP as an osteoconductive material for periodontal regeneration following severe destruction by progressive periodontitis.

  19. Measurement of sin(2beta) in Tree-dominated B^0-Decays and Ambiguity Removal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacker, Heiko

    2007-03-05

    The most recent results from the B-factories on the time-dependent CP asymmetries measured in B{sup 0}-decays mediated by b {yields} c{bar c}s quark-transitions are reviewed. The Standard Model interpretation of the results in terms of the parameter sin 2{beta} leads to a four-fold ambiguity on the unitarity triangle {beta} which can be reduced to a two-fold ambiguity by measuring the sign of the parameter cos 2{beta}. The results on cos 2{beta} obtained so far are reviewed.

  20. Full-length G[alpha subscript q]?phospholipase C-[beta]3 structure...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    C-beta3 structure reveals interfaces of the C-terminal coiled-coil domain Authors: Lyon, Angeline M. ; Dutta, Somnath ; Boguth, Cassandra A. ; Skiniotis, Georgios ; Tesmer,...

  1. The Stick-Breaking Construction of the Beta Process as a Poisson Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paisley, John; Jordan, Michael I

    2011-01-01

    We show that the stick-breaking construction of the beta process due to Paisley et al. (2010) can be obtained from the characterization of the beta process as a Poisson process. This is achieved by showing that the mean measure of the underlying Poisson process is equal to that of the beta process. We then present a number of consequences of this derivation; in particular, we show how it can be used to derive error bounds on truncated beta processes that are significantly tighter than those in the literature.

  2. Large Hadron Collider probe of supersymmetric neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Allanach; C. H. Kom; H. Päs

    2009-02-26

    In the minimal supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model, a non-zero lepton number violating coupling lambda'_111 predicts both neutrinoless double beta decay and resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We show that, in this case, if neutrinoless double beta decay is discovered in the next generation of experiments, there exist good prospects to observe single slepton production at the LHC. Neutrinoless double beta decay could otherwise result from a different source (such as a non-zero Majorana neutrino mass). Resonant single slepton production at the LHC can therefore discriminate between the lambda'_111 neutrinoless double beta decay mechanism and others.

  3. Neutrinoless double beta decay: Electron angular correlation as a probe of new physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ali; A. V. Borisov; D. V. Zhuridov

    2006-09-12

    The angular distribution of the final electrons in the so-called long range mechanism of the neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  4. Large Hadron Collider Probe of Supersymmetric Neutrinoless Double-Beta-Decay Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allanach, B. C.; Kom, C. H.; Paes, H. [DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Fakultaet fuer Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221, Dortmund (Germany)

    2009-08-28

    In the minimal supersymmetric extension to the standard model, a nonzero lepton number violating coupling {lambda}{sub 111}{sup '} predicts both neutrinoless double-beta-decay and resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We show that, in this case, if neutrinoless double beta decay is discovered in the next generation of experiments, there exist good prospects to observe single slepton production at the LHC. Neutrinoless double beta decay could otherwise result from a different source (such as a nonzero Majorana neutrino mass). Resonant single slepton production at the LHC can therefore discriminate between the {lambda}{sub 111}{sup '} neutrinoless double-beta-decay mechanism and others.

  5. Off-momentum beta-beat correction in the RHIC proton run

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo Y.; Bai, M.; Fischer, W.; Marusic, A.; Mernick, K.; White, S.

    2012-05-20

    In this article, we will review the techniques to measure the off-momentum {beta}-beat and the correction algorithms with the chromatic arc sextupoles in RHIC. We will focus on the measurement and correction of the off-momentum {beta}*-beat at the interaction points. The off-momentum {beta}* is measured with the quadrupole strength change and a high resolution phase lock loop tune meter. The results of off-momentum {beta}* correction performed in a dedicated beam experiment in the 2012 RHIC 250 GeV polarized proton run are presented.

  6. Sandia Energy - SNL-SWAN Beta Code Development: Frequency-Dependent...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SNL-SWAN Beta Code Development: Frequency-Dependent Wave-Energy Converter Module Home Renewable Energy Energy Water Power News News & Events Computational Modeling & Simulation...

  7. An EGF receptor inhibitor induces RAR-{beta} expression in breast and ovarian cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grunt, Thomas W. . E-mail: thomas.grunt@meduniwien.ac.at; Puckmair, Klaudia; Tomek, Katharina; Kainz, Birgit; Gaiger, Alexander

    2005-04-22

    Inhibition of the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-receptor (EGFR) has become a promising anticancer treatment strategy. In addition, application of retinoids yields encouraging results for cancer prevention and therapy. Many tumors express no or low amounts of retinoic acid receptor-{beta}2 (RAR-{beta}2) due to epigenetic silencing via DNA hypermethylation. RAR-{beta}2 is the main mediator of the antiproliferative effect of retinoids. RAR-{beta}2 re-expression causes reversal of transformation, cell cycle arrest, and restoration of retinoid sensitivity. RAR-{beta}2 is thus a tumor suppressor. Western blotting, colorimetric in vitro cell proliferation assays, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the EGFR inhibitor PD153035 not only blocked activation of EGFR and inhibited cell growth, but also stimulated RAR-{beta} expression in MDA-MB-468 breast and OVCAR-3 ovarian carcinoma cells. Upregulation of RAR-{beta} by PD153035 was confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. In contrast, expression of other retinoid receptors and of estrogen receptor-{alpha} was not affected. PD153035-mediated re-induction of RAR-{beta} was associated with demethylation of the RAR-{beta}2 gene promoter P2 as demonstrated by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. These novel results on the ErbB/retinoid receptor cross-talk may be useful for designing future anticancer combination regimens.

  8. PERFORMANCE OF SODIUM-BETA ALUMINA SOLID ELECTROLYTE IN Na/S CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

    2014-01-01

    SODIUM-BETA ALUMINA SOLID ELECTROLYTE IN Na/S CELLS Lutgardium-be ta alumina type solid electrolytes i s limit ed by

  9. {beta}-decay half-lives and {beta}-delayed neutron emission probabilities of nuclei in the region A < or approx. 110, relevant for the r process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pereira, J.; Galaviz, D.; Matos, M.; Montes, F. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Hennrich, S.; Kessler, R.; Schertz, F. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Institut fuer Kernchemie, Universitaet Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Aprahamian, A.; Quinn, M.; Woehr, A. [Institute of Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana (United States); Arndt, O.; Pfeiffer, B. [Institut fuer Kernchemie, Universitaet Mainz, Mainz (Germany); Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Becerril, A.; Elliot, T.; Estrade, A.; Lorusso, G.; Schatz, H. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Kratz, K.-L. [Virtuelles Institut fuer Struktur der Kerne and Nuklearer Astrophysik, Mainz (Germany); Max Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Otto-Hahn-Institut, Mainz (Germany); Mantica, P. F. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (United States); Moeller, P. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico (United States)] (and others)

    2009-03-15

    Measurements of {beta}-decay properties of A < or approx. 110 r-process nuclei have been completed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University. {beta}-decay half-lives for {sup 105}Y, {sup 106,107}Zr, and {sup 111}Mo, along with {beta}-delayed neutron emission probabilities of {sup 104}Y, {sup 109,110}Mo and upper limits for {sup 105}Y, {sup 103-107}Zr, and {sup 108,111}Mo have been measured for the first time. Studies on the basis of the quasi-random-phase approximation are used to analyze the ground-state deformation of these nuclei.

  10. Additional Nucleon Current Contributions to Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Simkovic; G. Pantis; J. D. Vergados; A. Faessler

    1999-05-27

    We have examined the importance of momentum dependent induced nucleon currents such as weak-magnetism and pseudoscalar couplings to the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay in the mechanisms of light and heavy Majorana neutrino as well as in that of Majoron emission. Such effects are expected to occur in all nuclear models in the direction of reducing the light neutrino matrix elements by about 30%. To test this we have performed a calculation of the nuclear matrix elements of the experimentally interesting nuclei A = 76, 82, 96, 100, 116, 128, 130, 136 and 150 within the pn-RQRPA. We have found that indeed such corrections vary somewhat from nucleus to nucleus, but in all cases they are greater than 25 percent. In the case of heavy neutrino the effect is much larger (a factor of 3). Combining out results with the best presently available experimental limits on the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay we have extracted new limits on the effective neutrino mass (light and heavy) and the effective Majoron coupling constant.

  11. Background reduction and sensitivity for germanium double beta decay experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Gómez; S. Cebrián; J. Morales; J. A. Villar

    2007-08-29

    Germanium detectors have very good capabilities for the investigation of rare phenomena like the neutrinoless double beta decay. Rejection of the background entangling the expected signal is one primary goal in this kind of experiments. Here, the attainable background reduction in the energy region where the neutrinoless double beta decay signal of 76Ge is expected to appear has been evaluated for experiments using germanium detectors, taking into consideration different strategies like the granularity of the detector system, the segmentation of each individual germanium detector and the application of Pulse Shape Analysis techniques to discriminate signal from background events. Detection efficiency to the signal is affected by background rejection techniques, and therefore it has been estimated for each of the background rejection scenarios considered. Finally, conditions regarding crystal mass, radiopurity, exposure to cosmic rays, shielding and rejection capabilities are discussed with the aim to achieve a background level of 10-3 c keV-1 kg-1 y-1 in the region of interest, which would allow to explore neutrino effective masses around 40 meV.

  12. Neutrinoless double beta decay and future neutrino oscillation precision experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choubey, Sandhya [Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2005-08-01

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the {delta}m{sup 2} corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter {theta}{sub 12} will govern a large part of the uncertainty. We focus, in particular, on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  13. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Future Neutrino Oscillation Precision Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Choubey; W. Rodejohann

    2005-07-25

    We discuss to what extent future precision measurements of neutrino mixing observables will influence the information we can draw from a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay. Whereas the Delta m^2 corresponding to solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations are expected to be known with good precision, the parameter theta_{12} will govern large part of the uncertainty. We focus in particular on the possibility of distinguishing the neutrino mass hierarchies and on setting a limit on the neutrino mass. We give the largest allowed values of the neutrino masses which allow to distinguish the normal from the inverted hierarchy. All aspects are discussed as a function of the uncertainty stemming from the involved nuclear matrix elements. The implications of a vanishing, or extremely small, effective mass are also investigated. By giving a large list of possible neutrino mass matrices and their predictions for the observables, we finally explore how a measurement of (or an improved limit on) neutrinoless double beta decay can help to identify the neutrino mass matrix if more precise values of the relevant parameters are known.

  14. Nonstochastic effects of different energy beta emitters on pig skin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peel, D.M.; Hopewell, J.W.; Wells, J.; Charles, M.W.

    1984-08-01

    Circular areas of pig skin from 1- to 40-mm diameter were irradiated with ..beta.. emitters of high, medium, and low energies, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 170/Tm, and /sup 147/Pm, respectively. The study provides information for radiological protection problems of localized skin exposures. During the first 16 weeks after irradiation /sup 90/Sr produced a first reaction due to epithelial cell death followed by a second reaction attributable to damage to the dermal blood vessels. /sup 170/Tm and /sup 147/Pm produced the epithelial reaction only. The epithelial dose response varied as a function of ..beta.. energy. The doses required to produce moist desquamation in 50% of 15- to 22.5-mm fields (ED/sub 50/) were 30-45 Gy from/sup 90/Sr, approx.80 Gy from /sup 170/Tm, and approx.500 Gy from /sup 147/Pm. An area effect was observed in the epithelial response to /sup 90/Sr irradiation. The ED/sub 50/ for moist desquamation ranged from approx.25 Gy for a 40-mm source to approx.450 Gy for a 1-mm source. It is also suggested that the area effects could be explained by different modes of epithelial repopulation after irradiation.

  15. Compact Beta Particle/Positron Imager for Plant Biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weisenberger, Andrew; Lee, Seung Joon; McKisson, John; Xi, Wenze; Zorn, Carl; Stolin, Alexander; Majewski, Stan; Majewski, Stanislaw; Howell, Calvin; Crowell, Alec

    2011-06-01

    The 11CO2 tracer is used to facilitate plant biology research towards optimization of plant productivity, biofuel development and carbon sequestration in biomass. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has been used to study carbon transport in live plants using 11CO2. Plants typically have very thin leaves resulting in little medium for the emitted positrons to undergo an annihilation event. For the emitted positron from 11C decay approximately 1mm of water equivalent material is needed for positron annihilation. Thus most of the positrons do not annihilate inside the leaf, resulting in limited sensitivity for PET imaging. To address this problem we have developed a compact beta-positive beta-minus particle (BPBM) imager for 11CO2 leaf imaging. The detector is based on a Hamamatsu H8500 position sensitive photomultiplier tube optically coupled via optical grease and a 3mm thick glass plate to a 0.5mm thick Eljin EJ-212 plastic scintillator. The detector is equipped with a flexible arm to allow its placement and orientation on the leaf of the plant of interest while maintaining the leaf's original orientation. We are planning to utilize the imaging device at the Duke University Phytotron to investigate dynamic carbon transport differences between invasive and native species.

  16. AP-1 regulates {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} integrin expression by ERK-dependent signals during megakaryocytic differentiation of K562 cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eriksson, Minna [Molecular Cancer Biology Research Program, Biomedicum Helsinki and Haartman Institute, P.O. Box 63, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 180, FIN-00029 HUCH (Finland); Arminen, Laura [Molecular Cancer Biology Research Program, Biomedicum Helsinki and Haartman Institute, P.O. Box 63, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 180, FIN-00029 HUCH (Finland); Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa [University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 63, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland); Leppae, Sirpa [Molecular Cancer Biology Research Program, Biomedicum Helsinki and Haartman Institute, P.O. Box 63, FIN-00014 Helsinki (Finland) and Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 180, FIN-00029 HUCH (Finland)]. E-mail: sirpa.leppa@hus.fi

    2005-03-10

    Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been implicated as regulators of cellular differentiation. The biological effect of MAPK signaling in the nucleus is achieved by signal-responsive transcription factors. Here, we have investigated the connection of MAPKs, transcription factor AP-1, and {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} integrin expression in K562 cells undergoing differentiation along the megakaryocytic pathway. We report that three distinct MAPKs, ERK, JNK, and p38, are activated during the TPA-induced megakaryocytic differentiation. Activation of MAPK pathways is followed by acquisition of the AP-1 DNA-binding and transactivation capacities. AP-1 DNA-binding activity consists primarily of JunD, c-Fos, and Fra-1, and is accompanied with the increased expression and phosphorylation of these subunits. While inhibition of JNK mainly prevents expression and phosphorylation of JunD and c-Jun, inhibition of the ERK pathway suppresses both phosphorylation and expression of Jun proteins, and expression of c-Fos and Fra-1. Furthermore, only the activity of the ERK pathway is essential for the differentiation response, as determined by expression of {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} (CD49b) integrin. The importance of AP-1 as a mediator ERK signaling during differentiation is demonstrated by the findings that expression of c-fos siRNA and dominant negative AP-1/c-Jun{sup bZIP} downregulate the TPA- and ERK-induced expression of {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} integrin mRNAs and proteins. Conversely, coexpression of JunD or c-Jun and c-Fos can induce {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} integrin expression independently of upstream signals. Taken together, the results show that AP-1 is a nuclear target of the ERK-pathway and mediates {alpha}{sub 2}{beta}{sub 1} integrin expression during megakaryocytic differentiation of K562 cells.

  17. V&V of MCNP 6.1.1 Beta Against Intermediate and High-Energy Experimental Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mashnik, Stepan G

    2014-09-08

    This report presents a set of validation and verification (V&V) MCNP 6.1.1 beta results calculated in parallel, with MPI, obtained using its event generators at intermediate and high-energies compared against various experimental data. It also contains several examples of results using the models at energies below 150 MeV, down to 10 MeV, where data libraries are normally used. This report can be considered as the forth part of a set of MCNP6 Testing Primers, after its first, LA-UR-11-05129, and second, LA-UR-11-05627, and third, LA-UR-26944, publications, but is devoted to V&V with the latest, 1.1 beta version of MCNP6. The MCNP6 test-problems discussed here are presented in the /VALIDATION_CEM/and/VALIDATION_LAQGSM/subdirectories in the MCNP6/Testing/directory. README files that contain short descriptions of every input file, the experiment, the quantity of interest that the experiment measures and its description in the MCNP6 output files, and the publication reference of that experiment are presented for every test problem. Templates for plotting the corresponding results with xmgrace as well as pdf files with figures representing the final results of our V&V efforts are presented. Several technical “bugs” in MCNP 6.1.1 beta were discovered during our current V&V of MCNP6 while running it in parallel with MPI using its event generators. These “bugs” are to be fixed in the following version of MCNP6. Our results show that MCNP 6.1.1 beta using its CEM03.03, LAQGSM03.03, Bertini, and INCL+ABLA, event generators describes, as a rule, reasonably well different intermediate- and high-energy measured data. This primer isn’t meant to be read from cover to cover. Readers may skip some sections and go directly to any test problem in which they are interested.

  18. Discrete beta dose kernel matrices for nuclides applied in targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) calculated with MCNP5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiner, Dora; Blaickner, Matthias; Rattay, Frank

    2009-11-15

    Purpose: Radiopharmaceuticals administered in targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) rely to a great extent not only on beta-emitting nuclides but also on emitters of monoenergetic electrons. Recent advances like combined PET/CT devices, the consequential coregistration of both data, the concept of using beta couples for diagnosis and therapy, respectively, as well as the development of voxel models offer a great potential for developing TRT dose calculation systems similar to those available for external beam treatment planning. The deterministic algorithms in question for this task are based on the convolution of three-dimensional matrices, one representing the activity distribution and the other the dose point kernel. This study aims to report on three-dimensional kernel matrices for various nuclides used in TRT. Methods: The Monte Carlo code MCNP5 was used to calculate discrete dose kernels of beta particles including the contributions from their respective secondary radiation in soft tissue for the following nuclides: {sup 32}P, {sup 33}P, {sup 67}Cu, {sup 89}Sr, {sup 90}Y, {sup 103}Rh{sup m}, {sup 131}I, {sup 177}Lu, {sup 186}Re, and {sup 188}Re. For each nuclide a kernel cube of 10x10x10 mm{sup 3} was calculated, the dimensions of a voxel being 1 mm{sup 3}. Additional kernels with voxel sizes of 3x3x3 mm{sup 3} were simulated. Results: Comparison with the S-value data regarding {sup 32}P, {sup 89}Sr, {sup 90}Y, and {sup 131}I of the MIRD committee which were calculated with the EGS4 code showed a very good agreement, the secondary particle transport of {sup 90}Y being the only exception. Documented analytical kernels on the other side show deviations very close and very far to the source. Conclusions: The good accordance with the only discrete dose kernels published up to date justifies the method chosen. Together with the additional six nuclides, this report provides a considerable database for three-dimensional kernel matrices with regard to beta radionuclides applied in TRT. In contrast to analytical dose point kernels, the discrete kernels elude the problem of overestimation near the source and take energy depositions into account, which occur beyond the range of the continuous-slowing-down approximation (csda range). Recalculation of the 1x1x1 mm{sup 3} kernels to other dose kernels with varying voxel dimensions, cubic or noncubic, is shown to be easily manageable and thereby provides a resolution-independent system of dose calculation.

  19. Explaining a CMS $eejj$ Excess With $\\mathcal{R}-$parity Violating Supersymmetry and Implications for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Allanach; Sanjoy Biswas; Subhadeep Mondal; Manimala Mitra

    2014-12-01

    A recent CMS search for the right handed gauge boson $W_R$ reports an interesting deviation from the Standard Model. The search has been conducted in the $eejj$ channel and has shown a 2.8$\\sigma$ excess around $m_{eejj} \\sim 2$ TeV. In this work, we explain the reported CMS excess with R-parity violating supersymmetry (SUSY). We consider resonant selectron and sneutrino production, followed by the three body decays of the neutralino and chargino via an $\\mathcal{R}-$parity violating coupling. We fit the excess for slepton masses around 2 TeV. The scenario can further be tested in neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\

  20. Minimally allowed beta beata 0_nu rates from approximate flavor symmetries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, James [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    Neutrinoless double beta decay ({beta}{beta}0{nu}) is the only realistic probe of Majorana neutrinos. In the standard scenario, dominated by light neutrino exchange, the process amplitude is proportional to m{sub ee} , the e - e element of the Majorana mass matrix. This is expected to hold true for small {beta}{beta}{nu} rates ({Gamma}{sub {beta}{beta}0{nu}}), even in the presence of new physics. Naively, current data allows for vanishing m{sub ee} , but this should be protected by an appropriate flavor symmetry. All such symmetries lead to mass matrices inconsistent with oscillation phenomenology. Hence, Majorana neutrinos imply nonzero {Gamma}{sub {beta}{beta}0{nu}}. I perform a spurion analysis to break all possible abelian symmetries that guarantee {Gamma}{sub {beta}{beta}0{nu}} = 0 and search for minimally allowed m{sub ee} values. Specifically, I survey 259 broken structures to yield m{sub ee} values and current phenomenological constraints under a variety of scenarios. This analysis also extracts predictions for both neutrino oscillation parameters and kinematic quantities. Assuming reasonable tuning levels, I find that m{sub ee} > 4 x 10{sup -6} eV at 99% confidence. Bounds below this value would indicate the Dirac neutrino nature or the existence of new light (eV-MeV scale) degrees of freedom that can potentially be probed elsewhere. This limit can be raised by improvements in neutrino parameter measurements, particularly of the reactor mixing angle, depending on the best fit parameter values. Such improvements will also significantly constrain the available model space and aid in future constructions.

  1. Dissociation of ERK and Akt signaling in endothelial cell angiogenic responses to {beta}-amyloid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magrane, Jordi [Department of Neurology, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135 (United States); Christensen, Rial A. [Department of Neurology, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135 (United States); Rosen, Kenneth M. [Department of Neurology, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135 (United States); Veereshwarayya, Vimal [Department of Neurology, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135 (United States); Querfurth, Henry W. [Department of Neurology, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02135 (United States)]. E-mail: hquerf01@granite.tufts.edu

    2006-04-15

    Cerebrovascular deposits of {beta}-amyloid (A{beta}) peptides are found in Alzheimer's disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy with stroke or dementia. Dysregulations of angiogenesis, the blood-brain barrier and other critical endothelial cell (EC) functions have been implicated in aggravating chronic hypoperfusion in AD brain. We have used cultured ECs to model the effects of {beta}-amyloid on the activated phosphorylation states of multifunctional serine/threonine kinases since these are differentially involved in the survival, proliferation and migration aspects of angiogenesis. Serum-starved EC cultures containing amyloid-{beta} peptides underwent a 2- to 3-fold increase in nuclear pyknosis. Under growth conditions with sublethal doses of {beta}-amyloid, loss of cell membrane integrity and inhibition of cell proliferation were observed. By contrast, cell migration was the most sensitive to A{beta} since inhibition was significant already at 1 {mu}M (P = 0.01, migration vs. proliferation). In previous work, intracellular A{beta} accumulation was shown toxic to ECs and Akt function. Here, extracellular A{beta} peptides do not alter Akt activation, resulting instead in proportionate decreases in the phosphorylations of the MAPKs: ERK1/2 and p38 (starting at 1 {mu}M). This inhibitory action occurs proximal to MEK1/2 activation, possibly through interference with growth factor receptor coupling. Levels of phospho-JNK remained unchanged. Addition of PD98059, but not LY294002, resulted in a similar decrease in activated ERK1/2 levels and inhibition of EC migration. Transfection of ERK1/2 into A{beta}-poisoned ECs functionally rescued migration. The marked effect of extracellular A{beta} on the migration component of angiogenesis is associated with inhibition of MAPK signaling, while Akt-dependent cell survival appears more affected by cellular A{beta}.

  2. Evaluation of beta partical densitometry for determination of self-absorption factors in gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity measurements on air particulate filter samples 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breida, Margaret A

    1994-01-01

    Alpha and beta particles emitted from radioactive material collected on an air filter may be significantly attenuated by the mass (thickness) of collected dust. In this study, we determined the mass or thickness of the simulated dust deposit...

  3. Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free Boundary, High Beta Equilibrium in a Large Aspect Ratio Tokamak with Nearly Circular Plasma­boundary, high­beta equi­ libria in large aspect ratio tokamaks with a nearly circular plasma boundary in tokamaks for the purpose of developing an economic fusion reactor. It has long been recognized

  4. SOFT BETA LIMITS IN TOKAMAKS AND OCTUPOLES J.C. Sprott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    SOFT BETA LIMITS IN TOKAMAKS AND OCTUPOLES J.C. Sprott PLP 877 June 1982 Plasma Studies University professor. #12;SOFT BETA LIMITS IN TOKAMAKS AND OCTUPOLES J. C. Sprott Most toroidal fusion reactor concepts for this is that most tokamaks have relied primarily on ohmic heating. In such devices the energy confinement time

  5. Estimating Litter Decomposition Rate in Single-Pool Models Using Nonlinear Beta Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Estimating Litter Decomposition Rate in Single-Pool Models Using Nonlinear Beta Regression Etienne the performance of nonlinear regression using the beta distribution, which is well-suited to bounded data and this type of heteroscedasticity, to standard nonlinear regression (normal errors) on simulated and real

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probing the folding of mini-protein Beta3s by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probing the folding of mini-protein Beta3s by two-dimensional infrared-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCS) to characterize the folding mechanism of the mini-protein Beta3s with experimental 2DCS to study the folding mechanism of proteins. In addition to exploring the folding mechanism

  7. Trans beta substituted chlorins and methods of making and using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S.; Balasubramanian, Thiagarajan

    2003-05-06

    Trans beta substituted chlorins and methods of making the same are disclosed, along with polymers formed from or containing such trans beta substituted chlorins as one or more monomeric units therein, light harvesting rods formed from such polymers, and electrodes carrying such polymers.

  8. Uplift of Beta Regio: Three-dimensional models A. V. Vezolainen and V. S. Solomatov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solomatov, Slava

    Uplift of Beta Regio: Three-dimensional models A. V. Vezolainen and V. S. Solomatov Department 2004; accepted 21 June 2004; published 25 August 2004. [1] Three-dimensional models of the uplift, and the uplift rate substantially better than two-dimensional models. In particular, the uplift time of Beta

  9. Variational Inference for Stick-Breaking Beta Process Priors John Paisley1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carin, Lawrence

    Variational Inference for Stick-Breaking Beta Process Priors John Paisley1 jpaisley-parameter IBP, and does not extend to the beta process presented in (Hjort, 1990). Recently, Paisley et al., 2007); we discuss this difference in Sec- tion 4. Paisley et al. (2010) presented an inference

  10. Quasiparticle random phase approximation uncertainties and their correlations in the analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amand Faessler; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; V. Rodin; A. M. Rotunno; F. Simkovic

    2009-03-06

    The variances and covariances associated to the nuclear matrix elements (NME) of neutrinoless double beta decay are estimated within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). It is shown that correlated NME uncertainties play an important role in the comparison of neutrinoless double beta decay rates for different nuclei, and that they are degenerate with the uncertainty in the reconstructed Majorana neutrino mass.

  11. A SURVEY OF FIELD-ALIGNED MACH NUMBER AND PLASMA BETA IN THE SOLAR WIND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    A SURVEY OF FIELD-ALIGNED MACH NUMBER AND PLASMA BETA IN THE SOLAR WIND JOHAN DE KEYSER and MICHEL Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Abstract. We have surveyed solar wind plasma beta and field-aligned Alfvénic Mach number using Ulysses and Wind data. We show the characteristic timescale and occurrence

  12. Reconciling steady-state Kalman and alpha-beta filter design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Kerstetter, D.; Jowers, S.

    1990-01-01

    The deterministic design of the alpha-beta filter and the stochastic design of its Kalman counterpart are placed on a common basis. The first step is to find the continuous-time filter architecture which transforms into the alpha-beta discrete...

  13. Buoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afanassiev, Iakov

    circulation at the latitudes where this heating occurs contains a jet stream, the eastward zonal flowBuoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y. D. Afanasyeva) Memorial

  14. Production and Separation of T = 1/2 Nuclides for {beta}--{nu} angular correlation measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delahaye, P.; Bajeat, O.; Saint Laurent, M. G.; Thomas, J. C.; Traykov, E.; Lienard, E.; Ban, G.; Durand, D.; Flechard, X.; Naviliat-Cuncic, O.; Stora, T.; Collaboration: GANISOL Group

    2011-11-30

    The SPIRAL facility at GANIL, which uses the so-called ISOL method to produce radioactive ion beams, is being upgraded to extend its production capabilities to the metallic beams of neutron deficient isotopes. We discuss here the potentialities offered by this upgrade for the measurement of the {beta}--{nu} angular correlation in the {beta}--decay of mirror nuclides.

  15. On the Rossi-{alpha} measurement of {beta}{sub eff} in reflected reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doulin, V.A. [Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Spriggs, G.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1997-03-13

    In unreflected reactors, the probability of detecting chain-related counts is given by the well known Rossi-{alpha} expression. Using this the author derives an expression for the effective delayed neutron fraction, {beta}. He demonstrates that this expression for {beta} is equally applicable for a reflected systems in which two alphas are experimentally observed.

  16. Nonlinear gyrokinetic theory for finite-BETA plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hahm, T.S.; Lee, W.W.; Brizard, A.

    1988-02-01

    A self-consistent and energy-conserving set of nonlinear gyrokinetic equations, consisting of the averaged Vlasov and Maxwell's equations for finite-..beta.. plasmas, is derived. The method utilized in the present investigation is based on the Hamiltonian formalism and Lie transformation. The resulting formation is valid for arbitrary values of k/perpendicular//rho//sub i/ and, therefore, is most suitable for studying linear and nonlinear evolution of microinstabilities in tokamak plasmas as well as other areas of plasma physics where the finite Larmor radius effects are important. Because the underlying Hamiltonian structure is preserved in the present formalism, these equations are directly applicable to numerical studies based on the existing gyrokinetic particle simulation techniques. 31 refs.

  17. Cryogenic Double Beta Decay Experiments: CUORE and CUORICINO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reina Maruyama; for the CUORE Collaboration

    2008-09-23

    Cryogenic bolometers, with their excellent energy resolution, flexibility in material, and availability in high purity, are excellent detectors for the search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Kilogram-size single crystals of TeO_2 are utilized in CUORICINO for an array with a total detector mass of 40.7 kg. CUORICINO currently sets the most stringent limit on the halflife of Te-130 of T > 2.4x10^{24} yr (90% C.L.), corresponding to a limit on the effective Majorana neutrino mass in the range of < 0.2-0.9 eV. Based on technology developed for CUORICINO and its predecessors, CUORE is a next-generation experiment designed to probe neutrino mass in the range of 10 - 100 meV. Latest results from CUORICINO and overview of the progress and current status of CUORE are presented.

  18. Low Radioactivity Crystals for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dafinei, Ioan [Sezione INFN di Roma, P-le Aldo Moro 2, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2011-04-27

    The production of crystals needed for rare events physics represent a relatively new, exciting challenge in the field of materials science and engineering. Extremely low concentration of radioactive impurities and very high crystal perfection is required for the crystals to be used in experiments in which the main concerns are the reduction of the background and the use of high sensitivity detectors. A further complication is the fact that for an experiment with a significant discovery potential, relatively large quantities of crystals are needed. The present work makes a review of the general problems related to the production of crystals for rare events physics and gives details related to the production of the TeO{sub 2} crystals needed for the major experiment in this field using bolometric technique, namely the CUORE experiment. The potential use of crystals for future double beta decay experiments is also discussed.

  19. Radiopurity control in the NEXT-100 double beta decay experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Álvarez, V.; Cárcel, S.; Cervera, A.; Díaz, J.; Ferrario, P.; Gil, A.; Gómez-Cadenas, J. J.; Laing, A.; Liubarsky, I.; Lorca, D.; Martín-Albo, J.; Martínez, A.; Monrabal, F.; Muñoz Vidal, J.; Nebot-Guinot, M.; Rodríguez, J.; Serra, L.; Simón, A.; Sofka, C.; Sorel, M. [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain)] [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC and Universitat de València, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); and others

    2013-08-08

    An extensive material screening and selection process is underway in the construction of the 'Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC' (NEXT), intended to investigate neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with 100 kg of Xe enriched in {sup 136}Xe. Determination of the radiopurity levels of the materials is based on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors at the Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc (Spain) and also on Glow Discharge Mass Spectrometry. Materials to be used in the shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage components and energy and tracking readout planes have been already taken into consideration. The measurements carried out are presented, describing the techniques and equipment used, and the results obtained are shown, discussing their implications for the NEXT experiment.

  20. Effective Majorana Mass and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Benato

    2015-10-05

    The probability distribution for the effective Majorana mass as a function of the lightest neutrino mass in the standard three neutrino scheme is computed via a random sampling from the distributions of the involved mixing angles and squared mass diffences. A flat distribution in the [0,2pi] range for the Majorana phases is assumed, and the dependence of small values of the effective mass on the Majorana phases is highlighted. The study is then extended with the addition of the cosmological bound on the sum of the neutrino masses. Finally, the prospects for neutrinoless double beta decay search with 76Ge, 130Te and 136Xe are discussed, as well as those for the measurement of the electron neutrino mass.