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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Interior Lighting Good Design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compliance Regulations Resource Center AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Interior Lighting Good Design Practice The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office...

2

Quantum benchmarking with realistic states of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of quantum benchmarking is to certify that imperfect quantum communication devices (e.g., quantum channels, quantum memories, quantum key distribution systems) can still be used for meaningful quantum communication. However, the test states used in quantum benchmarking experiments may be imperfect as well. Many quantum benchmarks are only valid for states which match some ideal form, such as pure states or Gaussian states. We outline how to perform quantum benchmarking using arbitrary states of light. These results are used to certify a continuous variable quantum memory by showing that it has the ability to preserve entanglement.

Killoran, Nathan; Buchler, Ben C; Lam, Ping Koy; Lütkenhaus, Norbert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

New and Underutilized Technology: Interior LED/Solid State Lighting |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior LED/Solid State Lighting Interior LED/Solid State Lighting New and Underutilized Technology: Interior LED/Solid State Lighting October 4, 2013 - 4:53pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for interior LED/solid state lighting within the Federal sector. Benefits Interior LED retrofits are currently viable for down lights, track lighting, sconces, and both line and low voltage task lighting. Replacements for incandescent A-lamps have also been improving rapidly. Replacements for fluorescent tube lighting may be viable for high-cost maintenance areas. Application Interior LED/solid state lighting is a rapidly improving technology currently most applicable for down lights, track lights, task lighting, accenting, high ceiling, and high cost maintenance areas.

4

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LEDs LEDs for Interior Office Applications to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications

5

Illumination of interior spaces by bended hollow light guides: Application of the theoretical light propagation method  

SciTech Connect

To ensure comfort and healthy conditions in interior spaces the thermal, acoustics and daylight factors of the environment have to be considered in the building design. Due to effective energy performance in buildings the new technology and applications also in daylight engineering are sought such as tubular light guides. These allow the transport of natural light into the building core reducing energy consumption. A lot of installations with various geometrical and optical properties can be applied in real buildings. The simplest set of tubular light guide consists of a transparent cupola, direct tube with high reflected inner surface and a ceiling cover or diffuser redistributing light into the interior. Such vertical tubular guide is often used on flat roofs. When the roof construction is inclined a bend in the light guide system has to be installed. In this case the cupola is set on the sloped roof which collects sunlight and skylight from the seen part of the sky hemisphere as well as that reflected from the ground and opposite facades. In comparison with the vertical tube some additional light losses and distortions of the propagated light have to be expected in bended tubular light guides. Recently the theoretical model of light propagation was already published and its applications are presented in this study solving illuminance distributions on the ceiling cover interface and further illuminance distribution on the working plane in the interior. (author)

Darula, Stanislav; Kocifaj, Miroslav; Kittler, Richard [ICA, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava (Slovakia); Kundracik, Frantisek [Department of Experimental Physics, FMPI, Comenius University, Bratislava (Slovakia)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy and water use, and rating the energy performance of selected building types. The tool enables users to: * Track multiple energy and water meters; * Benchmark facilities...

7

Object Library of Algorithms for Dynamic Optimization Problems: Benchmarking SQP and Nonlinear Interior Point Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of this paper is to describe the design, implementation and possibilities of our object-oriented library of algorithms for dynamic optimization problems. We briefly present library classes for the formulation and manipulation of dynamic ... Keywords: Automatic Differentiation, Dynamic Optimization, Large-Scale Optimization, Nonlinear Interior-Point Methods, Object-Oriented Numerical Computations, Performance Data Analysis, Sequential Quadratic Programming

Jacek B?Aszczyk; Andrzej Karbowski; Krzysztof Malinowski

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Diode (LED) Fixture Design and Installation Criteria for Interior and Exterior Lighting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Purpose. This ETL provides technical guidance and criteria for specifying, designing, and installing LED luminaires for interior and exterior lighting applications at Air Force installations. This ETL does not apply to LED airfield lighting systems, including, but not limited to, taxiway, obstruction, runway edge, threshold, or approach lighting systems

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Diode (LED) Fixture Design and Installation Criteria for Interior and Exterior Lighting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Purpose. This ETL provides technical guidance and criteria for specifying, designing, and installing LED luminaires for interior and exterior lighting applications at Air Force installations. It supersedes ETL 12-4 of the same title, dated 17 February 2012. Requirements in this ETL are mandatory. Deviations require approval from the Air Force Electrical SME, AFCEC/COS. Requests for deviations must be coordinated through the MAJCOM before submitting to AFCEC/CO. Note: LED applications not specifically addressed in this ETL or Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 3-530-01, Interior and Exterior Lighting and Controls, require AFCESA/CEOA approval. Note: Use of the name or mark of any specific manufacturer, commercial product, commodity, or service in this ETL does not imply endorsement by the Air Force. 2. Summary of Revisions: Updates reference (paragraph 4.3). 3. Application. This ETL does not apply to LED airfield lighting systems, including, but not limited to, taxiway, obstruction, runway edge, threshold, or approach lighting

Tyndall Air; Force Base Florida

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Diode (LED) Fixture Design and Installation Criteria for Interior and Exterior Lighting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Purpose. This ETL provides technical guidance and criteria for specifying, designing, and installing LED luminaires for interior and exterior lighting applications at Air Force installations. It supersedes ETL 10-18 of the same title, dated 13 December 2010. It updates guidance in ETL 10-18 regarding: (1) required calculations for LED investment decisions; (2) retrofit design requirements; (3) applicable prohibitions; and (4) environmental considerations. Requirements in this ETL are mandatory. Deviations require approval from the Air Force Electrical SME, HQ AFCESA/CEOA. Requests for deviations must be coordinated through the MAJCOM before submitting to HQ AFCESA/CEOA. Note: LED applications not specifically addressed in this ETL or Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 3-530-01, Interior and Exterior Lighting and Controls, require HQ AFCESA/CEOA approval. Note: Use of the name or mark of any specific manufacturer, commercial product, commodity, or service in this ETL does not imply endorsement by the Air Force. Summary of Revisions: Corrected references to applicable ETLs. 2. Application. This ETL does not apply to LED airfield lighting systems, including, but

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Nuclide Composition Benchmark Data Set for Verifying Burnup Codes on Spent Light Water Reactor Fuels  

SciTech Connect

To establish a nuclide composition benchmark data set for the verification of burnup codes, destructive analyses of light water reactor spent-fuel samples, which were cut out from several heights of spent-fuel rods, were carried out at the analytical laboratory at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. The 16 samples from three kinds of pressurized water reactor (PWR) fuel rods and the 18 samples from two boiling water reactor (BWR) fuel rods were examined. Their initial {sup 235}U enrichments and burnups were from 2.6 to 4.1% and from 4 to 50 GWd/t, respectively. One PWR fuel rod and one BWR fuel rod contained gadolinia as a burnable poison. The measurements for more than 40 nuclides of uranium, transuranium, and fission product elements were performed by destructive analysis using mass spectrometry, and alpha-ray and gamma-ray spectrometry. Burnup for each sample was determined by the {sup 148}Nd method. The analytical methods and the results as well as the related irradiation condition data are compiled as a complete benchmark data set.

Nakahara, Yoshinori; Suyama, Kenya; Inagawa, Jun; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kurosawa, Setsumi; Kohno, Nobuaki; Onuki, Mamoru; Mochizuki, Hiroki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan)

2002-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quantum benchmarks for the storage or transmission of quantum light from minimal resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate several recently published benchmark criteria for storage or transmission of continuous-variable quantum information. A comparison reveals that criteria based on a Gaussian distribution of coherent states are most resilient to noise. We then address the issue of experimental resources and derive an equally strong benchmark, solely based on three coherent states and homodyne detection. This benchmark is further simplified in the presence of naturally occurring random phases, which remove the need for active input-state modulation.

Hauke Häseler; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

13

CAN POLARIZED LIGHTING PANELS REDUCE ENERGY CONSUPTION AND IMPROVE VISIBILITY IN BUILDING INTERIORS?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

65: 504. Effectiveness of Lighting Systems. 12. Blackwell,Factors to Practical Lighting Design and Appl. 4 (5): 45-53.communication with Bill Jones, Lighting Research Laboratory,

Berman, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Job benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks Job Benchmarks PDSF Benchmarks Select benchmark to view output of ATLAS Fragmentation Alice EMC Simulation Dayabay Analysis STAR pp500 reconstruction STAR AuAu200...

15

Can polarized lighting panels reduce energy consumption and improve visibility in building interiors  

SciTech Connect

The lighting and vision literature, materials on management science and the reflectivity of surfaces are reviewed. The analysis emphasized the connection between lighting design and productivity. It is concluded that polarizing panels should be included among the alternatives normally considered by the lighting designer to utilize energy more efficiently than normal general lighting systems using standard prismatic or diffusing panels. A lighting design using polarizing panels might use 1/4 to 1/3 less energy than a reference system using standard prismatic panels without compromising function. The estimate of the potential energy savings available with polarizing panels is based on the estimate of their efficiency at producing Equivalent Spherical Illumination (ESI). ESI combines the effects of luminance and contrast into a single figure of merit for visibility. A short history and some background of ESI and a discussion of the measured reflectivities of paper and pencil on paper are presented. These data are used in ESI calculations. The problems and limitations of evaluating lighting systems strictly in terms of ESI per watt (or dollar) are discussed. An attempt was made to evaluate polarizing panels in terms of the factors discussed. Additional information is provided in 4 appendices.

Berman, S.; Clear, R.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Benchmarks used  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks used Benchmarks used Benchmarks used Using a set of benchmarks described below, different optimization options for the different compilers on Edison. The compilers are also compared against one another on the benchmarks. NERSC6 Benchmarks We used these benchmarks from the NERSC6 procurement: NERSC 6 PROCUREMENT MPI BENCHMARKS Benchmark Science Area Algorithm Concurrency Languages GTC Fusion PIC, finite difference 2048 f90 IMPACT-T Accelerator Physics PIC, FFT 1024 f90 MILC Materials Science Conjugate gradient, sparse matrix, FFT 1024 c, assembly NPB 3.3.1 MPI Parallel Benchmarks The following NPB 3.3 MPI Benchmarks were run, all at a concurrency of 1024 processes. They are all written in Fortran. NAS PARALLEL MPI BENCHMARKS - VERSION 3.3.1 Benchmark Full Name Description Level

17

Benchmarks used  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks used Benchmarks used Benchmarks used Using a set of benchmarks described below, different optimization options for the different compilers on Edison. The compilers are also compared against one another on the benchmarks. NERSC6 Benchmarks We used these benchmarks from the NERSC6 procurement: NERSC 6 PROCUREMENT MPI BENCHMARKS Benchmark Science Area Algorithm Concurrency Languages GTC Fusion PIC, finite difference 2048 f90 IMPACT-T Accelerator Physics PIC, FFT 1024 f90 MILC Materials Science Conjugate gradient, sparse matrix, FFT 1024 c, assembly NPB 3.3.1 MPI Parallel Benchmarks The following NPB 3.3 MPI Benchmarks were run, all at a concurrency of 1024 processes. They are all written in Fortran. NAS PARALLEL MPI BENCHMARKS - VERSION 3.3.1 Benchmark Full Name Description Level

18

Benchmark calculation of no-core Monte Carlo shell model in light nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo shell model is firstly applied to the calculation of the no-core shell model in light nuclei. The results are compared with those of the full configuration interaction. The agreements between them are within a few % at most.

T. Abe; P. Maris; T. Otsuka; N. Shimizu; Y. Utsuno; J. P. Vary

2011-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

19

Benchmark calculation of no-core Monte Carlo shell model in light nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo shell model is firstly applied to the calculation of the no-core shell model in light nuclei. The results are compared with those of the full configuration interaction. The agreements between them are within a few % at most.

Abe, T; Otsuka, T; Shimizu, N; Utsuno, Y; Vary, J P; 10.1063/1.3584062

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Benchmark calculation of no-core Monte Carlo shell model in light nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The Monte Carlo shell model is firstly applied to the calculation of the no-core shell model in light nuclei. The results are compared with those of the full configuration interaction. The agreements between them are within a few % at most.

Abe, T.; Shimizu, N. [Department of Physics, the University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Maris, P.; Vary, J. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Otsuka, T. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); CNS, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Utsuno, Y. [ASRC, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Benchmarks used  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

described below, different optimization options for the different compilers on Edison. The compilers are also compared against one another on the benchmarks. NERSC6...

22

Benchmark Monitoring: Retired Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Completed Batch Jobs Completed Parallel Jobs Usage Reports Hopper Benchmark Monitoring Edison Benchmark Monitoring Carver Benchmark Monitoring Benchmark Monitoring: Retired Systems...

23

Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The lighting section of ASHRAE standard 90.1 is discussed. It applies to all new buildings except low-rise residential, while excluding specialty lighting applications such as signage, art exhibits, theatrical productions, medical and dental tasks, and others. In addition, lighting for indoor plant growth is excluded if designed to operate only between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Lighting allowances for the interior of a building are determined by the use of the system performance path unless the space functions are not fully known, such as during the initial stages of design or for speculative buildings. In such cases, the prescriptive path is available. Lighting allowances for the exterior of all buildings are determined by a table of unit power allowances. A new addition the exterior lighting procedure is the inclusion of facade lighting. However, it is no longer possible to trade-off power allotted for the exterior with the interior of a building or vice versa. A significant change is the new emphasis on lighting controls.

McKay, H.N. (Hayden McKay Lighting Design, New York, NY (US))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Evaluating Benchmark . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To reduce the simulation time to a tractable amount or due to compilation (or other related) problems, computer architects often simulate only a subset of the benchmarks in a benchmark suite. However, if the architect chooses a subset of benchmarks that is not representative, the subsequent simulation results will, at best, be misleading or, at worst, yield incorrect conclusions. To address this problem, computer architects have recently proposed several statistically-based approaches to subset a benchmark suite. While some of these approaches are well-grounded statistically, what has not yet been thoroughly evaluated is the: 1) Absolute accuracy, 2) Relative accuracy across a range of processor and memory subsystem enhancements, and 3) Representativeness and coverage of each approach for a range of subset sizes. Specifically, this paper evaluates statistically-based subsetting approaches based on principal components analysis (PCA) and the Plackett and Burman (P&B) design, in addition to prevailing approaches such as integer vs. floating-point, core vs. memory-bound, by language, and at random. Our results show that the two statistically-based approaches, PCA and P&B, have the best absolute and relative accuracy for CPI and energy-delay product (EDP), produce subsets that are the most representative, and choose benchmark and input set pairs that are most well-distributed across the benchmark space. To achieve a 5 % absolute CPI and EDP error, across a wide range of configurations, PCA and P&B typically need about 17 benchmark and input set pairs, while the other five approaches often choose more than 30 benchmark and input set pairs.

Joshua J. Yi; Resit Sendag; Lieven Eeckhout; Ajay Joshi; David J. Lilja; Lizy K. John

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Regression benchmarking with simple middleware benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper introduces the concept of regression benchmarking as a variant of regression testing focused at detecting performance regressions. Applying the regression benchmarking in the area of middleware development, the paper explains how regression benchmarking differs from middleware benchmarking in general. On a real-world example of TAO, the paper shows why the existing benchmarks do not give results sufficient for regression benchmarking, and proposes techniques for detecting performance regressions using simple benchmarks. 1.

Lubomír Bulej; Tomáš Kalibera; Petr T?ma

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

High resolution non-contact interior profilometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for inspecting the interior surfaces of devices such as vessels having a single entry port. Laser energy is launched into the vessel, and the light reflected from the interior surfaces is interfered with reference laser energy to produce an interference pattern. This interference pattern is analyzed to reveal information about the condition of the interior surfaces of the device inspected.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Patterson, R. Alan (Los Alamos, NM); Leeches, Gerald W. (Los Alamos, NM); Nierop, John Van (Largo, FL); Teti, John J. (Tampa, FL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The NAS Parallel Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weeratunga, “The NAS Parallel Benchmarks,” Intl. Journal ofD. Simon, “NAS Par- allel Benchmark Results,” Proceedings ofD. Simon, “NAS Par- allel Benchmark Results,” IEEE Parallel

Bailey, David H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

NERSC-6 Benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks NERSC-6 Benchmarks The NERSC-6 application benchmarks were used in the acquisition process that resulted in the NERSC Cray XE6 ("Hopper") system. A technical report...

29

Edison Benchmark Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edison Benchmark Monitoring Benchmark Results Select Benchmark CAM GAMESS GTC IMPACT-T MAESTRO MILC PARATEC Submit Last edited: 2013-06-25 22:45:11...

30

Quantum benchmarks for Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teleportation and storage of continuous variable states of light and atoms are essential building blocks for the realization of large scale quantum networks. Rigorous validation of these implementations require identifying, and surpassing, benchmarks set by the most effective strategies attainable without the use of quantum resources. Such benchmarks have been established for special families of input states, like coherent states and particular subclasses of squeezed states. Here we solve the longstanding problem of defining quantum benchmarks for general pure Gaussian states with arbitrary phase, displacement, and squeezing, randomly sampled according to a realistic prior distribution. As a special case, we show that the fidelity benchmark for teleporting squeezed states with totally random phase and squeezing degree is 1/2, equal to the corresponding one for coherent states. We discuss the use of entangled resources to beat the benchmarks in experiments.

Chiribella, Giulio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Solitary Wave Benchmarks in Magma Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model problem for benchmarking codes that investigate magma migration in the Earth's interior. This system retains the essential features of more sophisticated models, yet has the advantage of possessing solitary wave solutions. The existence of such exact solutions to the nonlinear problem make it an excellent benchmark problem for combinations of solver algorithms. In this work, we explore a novel algorithm for computing high quality approximations of the solitary waves and use them to benchmark a semi-Lagrangian Crank-Nicholson scheme for a finite element discretization of the time dependent problem.

Simpson, Gideon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Interior Construction Renovations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Construction Renovations Interior Construction Renovations Interior Construction Renovations October 16, 2013 - 4:53pm Addthis Renewable Energy Options for Interior Construction Renovations Daylighting Passive Solar Heating Solar Water Heating (SWH) Solar Ventilation Air Preheating When a renovation realigns the interior space in a Federal building, proper design of the new space can take advantage of a number of energy technologies. Primarily, the new interior construction should be developed in conjunction with daylighting design to maximize the use of natural light in the space and minimize glare or other lighting issues that affect performance. Passive solar heating, solar water heating (SWH), solar ventilation air preheating, and energy efficiency technologies can also be considered for interior construction renovations.

33

I/O Benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks IO Benchmarks Transfer rates measured 4 times per day for the past week on all of the eliza file systems are shown below. For more details see IO Benchmarking Details....

34

NERSC-8 / Trinity Benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks NERSC-8 Trinity Benchmarks These benchmark programs are for use as part of the joint NERSC ACES NERSC-8Trinity system procurement. There are two basic kinds of...

35

Benchmarking data warehouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Database benchmarks can either help users in comparing the performances of different systems, or help engineers in testing the effect of various design choices. In the field of data warehouses, the Transaction Processing Performance Council's standard ... Keywords: DWEB, OLAP, benchmarking, data mining, data warehouse design, data warehouse engineering benchmarks, data warehouses, database benchmarks, online analytical processing, optimisation techniques, performance evaluation

Jerome Darmont; Fadila Bentayeb; Omar Boussaid

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Self-benchmarking Guide for Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks,...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Title Self-benchmarking Guide for Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3392E Year of...

37

Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data items. Figure 9. Benchmarks for total system pressuredrop. The benchmarks in figure are basedcomponent pressure drop benchmarks shown in figure below, as

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Self-benchmarking Guide for Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Paul Mathew,efficiency metrics and benchmarks that can be used to trackalso use the metrics and benchmarks described in this guide

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Paul Mathew,efficiency metrics and benchmarks that can be used to trackalso use the metrics and benchmarks described in this guide

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Title Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3393E Year...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Title Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number...

42

Design of intelligent interiors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ubiquitous computing is transforming interior design by allowing utilities, goods and information to be delivered where and when we need them. How will new information technologies impact the design of interior spaces? ...

Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of metrics, a high-level protocol is provided. The next section presents draft benchmarks for some metrics; benchmarks are not available for many metrics owing to a lack of...

44

Factory Flow Benchmarking Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LAI benchmarked representative part fabrications and some assembly operations within its member companies of the defense aircraft industry. This paper reports the results of this benchmarking effort. In addition, this ...

Shields, Thomas J.

45

NERSC Benchmarking and Workload Characterization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Petascale Initiative Science Gateway Development Storage and IO Technologies Testbeds Home R & D Benchmarking & Workload Characterization Benchmarking & Workload...

46

Sell-Side Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sell-side analysts employ different benchmarks when defining their stock recommendations. For example, a ‘buy ’ for some brokers means the stock is expected to outperform its peers in the same sector (“sector benchmarkers”), while for other brokers it means the stock is expected to outperform the market (“market benchmarkers”), or just some absolute return (“total benchmarkers”). We explore the validity and implications of the adoption of these different benchmarks. Analysis of the relation between analysts ’ recommendations and their long-term growth and earnings forecasts suggests that analysts indeed abide by their benchmarks: Sector benchmarkers rely less on across-industry information, and focus more on ranking firms within their industries. We also find evidence that market- and sector-benchmarkers are successful in meeting or beating their benchmark returns, while total-benchmarkers are not. However, we do not find much evidence that investors react differently to recommendations based on the different benchmarks. The research carries implications for the correct understanding and interpretation of sell-side research and its investment value.

Ohad Kadan; Leonardo Madureira; Rong Wang; Tzachi Zach

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Optically measuring interior cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of an interior cavity includes the steps of collecting a first optical slice of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, collecting additional optical slices of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, and combining the first optical slice of data and the additional optical slices of data to calculate of the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity.

Stone, Gary Franklin (Livermore, CA)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

48

Optically measuring interior cavities  

SciTech Connect

A method of measuring the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of an interior cavity includes the steps of collecting a first optical slice of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, collecting additional optical slices of data that represents a partial volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity, and combining the first optical slice of data and the additional optical slices of data to calculate of the three-dimensional volume or perimeter shape of the interior cavity.

Stone, Gary Franklin (Livermore, CA)

2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Interior Design Sample Occupations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies Historic Preservation Agencies Hospitals Interior Design Firms/Studios Hotel Chains Cost Estimator Architect Manufacturer's Representative Schools Television and Motion Picture Studios Theatres Utilities

Ronquist, Fredrik

50

Energy Benchmarking Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building energy benchmarking is a useful starting point for commercial building owners and operators to target energy savings opportunities. There are a number of tools and methods for benchmarking energy use. Benchmarking based on regional data can provides more relevant information for California buildings than national tools such as Energy Star. This paper discusses issues related to benchmarking commercial building energy use and the development of Cal-Arch, a building energy benchmarking database for California. Currently Cal-Arch uses existing survey data from California's Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), a largely underutilized wealth of information collected by California's major utilities. Doe's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is used by a similar tool, Arch, and by a number of other benchmarking tools. Future versions of Arch/Cal-Arch will utilize additional

Satkartar Kinney; Mary Ann Piette; Satkartar Kinney; Mary Ann Piette; Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley; Satkartar Kinney; Mary Ann Piette

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Outage Management Benchmarking Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Benchmarking of power plant outages will help plants target performance improvements to specific elements of a plant outage program in order to improve overall availability, reliability, and safety while decreasing generation costs. EPRI's "Outage Management Benchmarking Guideline" builds on the Institute's fossil and nuclear plant experience with routine maintenance and extends that to outage maintenance processes. The guideline describes the initial steps in an outage benchmarking effort and 13 key ele...

2003-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

52

Magma benchmark code - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Below is the Magma code used to run the benchmarks in Section 5 of the paper " In-place Arithmetic for Univariate Polynomials over an Algebraic Number Field" ...

53

Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose This guide describes energy efficiency metrics andEnergy Use Intensity 28 Laboratory Benchmarking Guidethe energy benchmarking approach describe in this guide can

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Self-benchmarking Guide for Cleanrooms: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose This guide describes energy efficiency metrics andfor Reheat Energy Use Factor Cleanroom Benchmarking Guidethe energy benchmarking approach describe in this guide can

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

I/O Benchmarking Details  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IO Benchmarking Details IO Benchmarking Details These benchmarks are simply the transfer rate for copying some files from an eliza file system to TMPDIR on a batch node. Each...

56

Action-Oriented Benchmarking:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feb-2008 submitted to Energy Engineering Feb-2008 submitted to Energy Engineering Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools Evan Mills, Paul Mathew & Mary Ann Piette, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Norman Bourassa & Martha Brook, California Energy Commission ABSTRACT Most energy benchmarking tools provide static feedback on how one building compares to a larger set of loosely similar buildings, without providing information at the end-use level or on what can be done to reduce consumption, cost, or emissions. In this article-Part 1 of a two-part series-we describe an "action-oriented benchmarking" approach, which extends whole-building energy benchmarking to include analysis of system and component energy use metrics and features. Action-oriented benchmarking thereby allows users to generate more meaningful

57

Verification and validation benchmarks.  

SciTech Connect

Verification and validation (V&V) are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of computational simulations. V&V methods and procedures have fundamentally improved the credibility of simulations in several high-consequence fields, such as nuclear reactor safety, underground nuclear waste storage, and nuclear weapon safety. Although the terminology is not uniform across engineering disciplines, code verification deals with assessing the reliability of the software coding, and solution verification deals with assessing the numerical accuracy of the solution to a computational model. Validation addresses the physics modeling accuracy of a computational simulation by comparing the computational results with experimental data. Code verification benchmarks and validation benchmarks have been constructed for a number of years in every field of computational simulation. However, no comprehensive guidelines have been proposed for the construction and use of V&V benchmarks. For example, the field of nuclear reactor safety has not focused on code verification benchmarks, but it has placed great emphasis on developing validation benchmarks. Many of these validation benchmarks are closely related to the operations of actual reactors at near-safety-critical conditions, as opposed to being more fundamental-physics benchmarks. This paper presents recommendations for the effective design and use of code verification benchmarks based on manufactured solutions, classical analytical solutions, and highly accurate numerical solutions. In addition, this paper presents recommendations for the design and use of validation benchmarks, highlighting the careful design of building-block experiments, the estimation of experimental measurement uncertainty for both inputs and outputs to the code, validation metrics, and the role of model calibration in validation. It is argued that the understanding of predictive capability of a computational model is built on the level of achievement in V&V activities, how closely related the V&V benchmarks are to the actual application of interest, and the quantification of uncertainties related to the application of interest.

Oberkampf, William Louis; Trucano, Timothy Guy

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

ESP: A system utilization benchmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESP: A System Utilization Benchmark Adrian T. Wong, LeonidEffective System Performance (ESP) test, which is designedEffective System Performance (ESP) benchmark, which measures

Wong, Adrian T.; Oliker, Leonid; Kramer, William T.C.; Kaltz, Teresa L.; Bailey, David H.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Lighting.  

SciTech Connect

Since lighting accounts for about one-third of the energy used in commercial buildings, there is opportunity to conserve. There are two ways to reduce lighting energy use: modify lighting systems so that they used less electricity and/or reduce the number of hours the lights are used. This booklet presents a number of ways to do both. Topics covered include: reassessing lighting levels, reducing lighting levels, increasing bulb & fixture efficiency, using controls to regulate lighting, and taking advantage of daylight.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are many different types of artificial lights, all of which have different applications and uses. Types of lighting include:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

A detailed examination of the current energy conservation practices for lighting systems is presented. This first part of a two-part presentation covers the following: energy and lighting design; lighting and energy standards; lighting efficiency factors; light control and photometrics; lighting and the architectural interior; luminaire impact on the environment; basic design techniques; the lighting power budget; and conservation through control.

Helms, R.N.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Vehicle Technologies Office: Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking Research funded by the Vehicle Technologies Office produces a great deal of valuable data, but it is important to compare those research results with similar work done elsewhere in the world. Through laboratory testing, researchers can compare vehicles and components to validate models, support technical target-setting, and provide data to help guide technology development tasks. Benchmarking activities fall into two primary areas: Vehicle and component testing, in which researchers test and analyze emerging technologies obtained from sources throughout the world. The results are used to continually assess program efforts. Model validation, in which researchers use test data to validate the accuracy of vehicle and component computer models including: overall measures such as fuel economy, state-of-charge energy storage across the driving cycle, and transient component behavior, such as fuel rate and torque.

63

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Interior Lighting Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

building. An example design describes one way (but not the only way) that this watts-per-square-foot limit can be met. Publication Date: Thursday, May 13, 2010...

64

Introduction to the HPC Challenge Benchmark Suite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Karl Solchenbach. Benchmark design for character-effect of computer benchmarks upon applied mathematics,Pe- titet. The LINPACK benchmark: Past, present, [11] Matteo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Machine Learning Benchmarks and Random Forest Regression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machine Learning Benchmarks and Random Forest Regressionerror on a suite of benchmark datasets. As the basethe Machine Learning Benchmark Problems package; see http://

Segal, Mark R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benchmarking Study Final Report Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report DOE's former Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) conducted a benchmarking study of its...

67

Quantum benchmarks for pure single-mode Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teleportation and storage of continuous variable states of light and atoms are essential building blocks for the realization of large scale quantum networks. Rigorous validation of these implementations require identifying, and surpassing, benchmarks set by the most effective strategies attainable without the use of quantum resources. Such benchmarks have been established for special families of input states, like coherent states and particular subclasses of squeezed states. Here we solve the longstanding problem of defining quantum benchmarks for general pure Gaussian single-mode states with arbitrary phase, displacement, and squeezing, randomly sampled according to a realistic prior distribution. As a special case, we show that the fidelity benchmark for teleporting squeezed states with totally random phase and squeezing degree is 1/2, equal to the corresponding one for coherent states. We discuss the use of entangled resources to beat the benchmarks in experiments.

Giulio Chiribella; Gerardo Adesso

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

68

Benchmarking using basic DBMS operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The TPC-H benchmark proved to be successful in the decision support area. Many commercial database vendors and their related hardware vendors used these benchmarks to show the superiority and competitive edge of their products. However, over time, the ...

Alain Crolotte; Ahmad Ghazal

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Building Energy Use Benchmarking Guidance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Energy Use Benchmarking Guidance April 15, 2010 EISA SECTION 432 - Benchmarking of Federal Facilities (42 U.S.C. 8253 Subsection (f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency...

70

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings infeatures allow users to “benchmark” the presence or absencefor Required Building Data Benchmark Applicable Metrics &

Mathew, Paul

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hours (full cooling) Electrical Power Chain dP1 UPS Peak20 Electrical Power ChainBenchmarking Guide 6. Electrical Power Chain Metrics ID P1

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose This guide describes energy efficiency metrics andthe energy benchmarking approach describe in this guide candesigners and energy managers. This guide also builds on

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

SciTech Connect

This guide describes energy efficiency metrics and benchmarks that can be used to track the performance of and identify potential opportunities to reduce energy use in data centers. This guide is primarily intended for personnel who have responsibility for managing energy use in existing data centers - including facilities managers, energy managers, and their engineering consultants. Additionally, data center designers may also use the metrics and benchmarks described in this guide for goal-setting in new construction or major renovation. This guide provides the following information: (1) A step-by-step outline of the benchmarking process. (2) A set of performance metrics for the whole building as well as individual systems. For each metric, the guide provides a definition, performance benchmarks, and potential actions that can be inferred from evaluating this metric. (3) A list and descriptions of the data required for computing the metrics. This guide is complemented by spreadsheet templates for data collection and for computing the benchmarking metrics. This guide builds on prior data center benchmarking studies supported by the California Energy Commission. Much of the benchmarking data are drawn from the LBNL data center benchmarking database that was developed from these studies. Additional benchmark data were obtained from engineering experts including facility designers and energy managers. This guide also builds on recent research supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Save Energy Now program.

Mathew, Paul; Ganguly, Srirupa; Greenberg, Steve; Sartor, Dale

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

75

Quantum Benchmarks from minimal Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate several recently published benchmark criteria for storage or transmission of quantum information. A comparison reveals that criteria based on a Gaussian distribution of coherent states are most resilient to noise. We then address the issue of experimental resources and derive an equally strong benchmark, solely based on three coherent states and homodyne detection. This benchmark is further simplified in the presence of naturally occurring random phases, which remove the need for active input state modulation.

Häseler, Hauke

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Sustained System Performance (SSP) Benchmark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

John M. Shalf, and Erich Strohmaier Background The NERSC Approach to Procurement Benchmarks The NERSC-5 SSP The NERSC-6 SSP The Effective System Performance (ESP) Metric...

77

Decommissioning Benchmarking Study Final Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's former Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40) conducted a benchmarking study of its decommissioning program to analyze physical activities in facility decommissioning and to determine...

78

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FINAL REPORT Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of...

79

Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

System Performance (ESP) Benchmark It is now generally recognized in the high performance computing community that peak performance does not adequately predict the usefulness...

80

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Benchmark scenarios for the NMSSM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss constrained and semi--constrained versions of the next--to--minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) in which a singlet Higgs superfield is added to the two doublet superfields that are present in the minimal extension (MSSM). This leads to a richer Higgs and neutralino spectrum and allows for many interesting phenomena that are not present in the MSSM. In particular, light Higgs particles are still allowed by current constraints and could appear as decay products of the heavier Higgs states, rendering their search rather difficult at the LHC. We propose benchmark scenarios which address the new phenomenological features, consistent with present constraints from colliders and with the dark matter relic density, and with (semi--)universal soft terms at the GUT scale. We present the corresponding spectra for the Higgs particles, their couplings to gauge bosons and fermions and their most important decay branching ratios. A brief survey of the search strategies for these states at the LHC is given.

A. Djouadi; M. Drees; U. Ellwanger; R. Godbole; C. Hugonie; S. F. King; S. Lehti; S. Moretti; A. Nikitenko; I. Rottlaender; M. Schumacher; A. Teixeira

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key metrics and benchmarks to evaluate the efficiency ofEfficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks Paul A. Mathew, WilliamEfficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks Paul A. Mathew, Ph.D,

Mathew, Paul A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Building Energy Use Benchmarking Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Energy Use Benchmarking Guidance April 15, 2010 EISA SECTION 432 - Benchmarking of Federal Facilities (42 U.S.C. 8253 Subsection (f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) I. Background A. Authority - Benchmarking Requirements Section 432 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires the Secretary of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) to select or develop a building energy use benchmarking system and to issue guidance for use of the system. EISA requires the designated agency energy managers to enter energy use data for each metered building that is (or is a part of) a covered facility into a building energy use benchmarking system, such as the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager tool (Portfolio Manager) (see 42 U.S.C. 8253(f)(8)(A), as

84

Benchmarking foreign electronics technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report has been drafted in response to a request from the Japanese Technology Evaluation Center`s (JTEC) Panel on Benchmarking Select Technologies. Since April 1991, the Competitive Semiconductor Manufacturing (CSM) Program at the University of California at Berkeley has been engaged in a detailed study of quality, productivity, and competitiveness in semiconductor manufacturing worldwide. The program is a joint activity of the College of Engineering, the Haas School of Business, and the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, under sponsorship of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and with the cooperation of semiconductor producers from Asia, Europe and the United States. Professors David A. Hodges and Robert C. Leachman are the project`s Co-Directors. The present report for JTEC is primarily based on data and analysis drawn from that continuing program. The CSM program is being conducted by faculty, graduate students and research staff from UC Berkeley`s Schools of Engineering and Business, and Department of Economics. Many of the participating firms are represented on the program`s Industry Advisory Board. The Board played an important role in defining the research agenda. A pilot study was conducted in 1991 with the cooperation of three semiconductor plants. The research plan and survey documents were thereby refined. The main phase of the CSM benchmarking study began in mid-1992 and will continue at least through 1997. reports are presented on the manufacture of integrated circuits; data storage; wireless technology; human-machine interfaces; and optoelectronics. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Bostian, C.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Leachman, R.C.; Sheridan, T.B.; Tsang, W.T.; White, R.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation (for design) or energy audits (for retrofit), asconventional benchmarking and energy audits. Whole BuildingBenchmarking Investment-Grade Energy Audit Screen facilities

Mills, Evan; California Energy Commission

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Precise Regression Benchmarking with Random Effects: Improving Mono Benchmark Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking as a method of assessing software performance is known to su#er from random fluctuations that distort the observed performance. In this paper, we focus on the fluctuations caused by compilation.

Tomas Kalibera; Petr Tuma

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Site Energy Intensity (BTU/sf-yr). A Performance Benchmarkand benchmarks that can be used to track the performance of and identify potential opportunities to reduce energy use in laboratory buildings.

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Phase-Covariant Quantum Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a quantum benchmark for teleportation and quantum storage experiments suited for pure and mixed test states. The benchmark is based on the average fidelity over a family of phase-covariant states and certifies that an experiment can not be emulated by a classical setup, i.e., by a measure-and-prepare scheme. We give an analytical solution for qubits, which shows important differences with standard state estimation approach, and compute the value of the benchmark for coherent and squeezed states, both pure and mixed.

Calsamiglia, J; Muñoz-Tàpia, R; Bagán, E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Phase-Covariant Quantum Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a quantum benchmark for teleportation and quantum storage experiments suited for pure and mixed test states. The benchmark is based on the average fidelity over a family of phase-covariant states and certifies that an experiment can not be emulated by a classical setup, i.e., by a measure-and-prepare scheme. We give an analytical solution for qubits, which shows important differences with standard state estimation approach, and compute the value of the benchmark for coherent and squeezed states, both pure and mixed.

J. Calsamiglia; M. Aspachs; R. Munoz-Tapia; E. Bagan

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Sustained System Performance (SSP) Benchmark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustained System Sustained System Performance (SSP) Benchmark Sustained System Performance (SSP) Benchmark William T.C. Kramer, John M. Shalf, and Erich Strohmaier Background The NERSC Approach to Procurement Benchmarks The NERSC-5 SSP The NERSC-6 SSP The Effective System Performance (ESP) Metric Conclusion Notes Formal description of SSP A formal description of the SSP, including detailed formulae, is now available. This is a portion of the soon-to-be-published Ph.D. dissertation, Kramer, W.T.C., 2008, "PERCU: A Holistic Method for Evaluating High End Computing Systems," Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley. Background Most plans and reports recently discuss only one of four distinct purposes benchmarks are used. The obvious purpose is selection of a system from

92

ESP: a system utilization benchmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes a new benchmark, called the Effective System Performance (ESP) test, which is designed to measure system-level performance, including such factors as job scheduling efficiency, handling of large jobs and shutdown-reboot times. ...

Adrian T. Wong; Leonid Oliker; William T. C. Kramer; Teresa L. Kaltz; David H. Bailey

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Benchmarks for GADRAS performance validation.  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) was validated by comparing GADRAS model results to experimental measurements for a series of benchmark sources. Sources for the benchmark include a plutonium metal sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, plutonium oxide in cans, a highly enriched uranium sphere, bare and shielded in polyethylene, a depleted uranium shell and spheres, and a natural uranium sphere. The benchmark experimental data were previously acquired and consist of careful collection of background and calibration source spectra along with the source spectra. The calibration data were fit with GADRAS to determine response functions for the detector in each experiment. A one-dimensional model (pie chart) was constructed for each source based on the dimensions of the benchmark source. The GADRAS code made a forward calculation from each model to predict the radiation spectrum for the detector used in the benchmark experiment. The comparisons between the GADRAS calculation and the experimental measurements are excellent, validating that GADRAS can correctly predict the radiation spectra for these well-defined benchmark sources.

Mattingly, John K.; Mitchell, Dean James; Rhykerd, Charles L., Jr.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Interior design for passive solar homes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The increasing emphasis on refinement of passive solar systems has brought recognition to interior design as an integral part of passive solar architecture. Interior design can be used as a finetuning tool minimizing many of the problems associated with passive solar energy use in residential buildings. In addition, treatment of interior space in solar model homes may be a prime factor in determining sales success. A new style of interior design is evolving in response to changes in building form incorporating passive solar design features. The psychology behind passive solar architecture is reflected in interiors, and selection of interior components increasingly depends on the functional suitability of various interior elements.

Breen, J. C.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Depletion Reactivity Benchmark for the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute– (EPRI-) sponsored depletion reactivity benchmarks documented in reports 1022909, Benchmarks for Quantifying Fuel Reactivity Depletion Uncertainty, and 1025203, Utilization of the EPRI Depletion Benchmarks for Burnup Credit Validation, have been translated to an evaluated benchmark for incorporation in the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhE), published by the Organisation for Economic ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

96

Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an ultrasonic cleaning apparatus for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The apparatus includes an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface.

Odell, D.M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effective System Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark Effective System Performance (ESP) Benchmark It is now generally recognized in the high performance computing community that peak performance does not adequately predict the usefulness of a system for a given set of applications. One of the first benchmarks designed to measure system performance in a real-world operational environment was NERSC's Effective System Performance (ESP) test. NERSC introduced ESP in 1999 with the hope that this test would be of use to system managers and would help to spur the community (both researchers and vendors) to improve system efficiency. The discussion below uses examples from the Cray T3E system that NERSC was operating in 1999. Improved MPP System Efficiency Equals Million-Dollar Savings

98

Benchmarking Energy Use in Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local governments across the United States spent approximately $5 billion, an average of $100 million per state, on energy for their public schools in 1992. This represents a tremendous drain on education dollars of which part (captured through building system and operational efficiency improvements) could be directed toward more important educational needs. States and local governments know there are sizeable opportunities, but are challenged by how and where to start. IdentifLing the worst energy performers, with the most potential, easily and at low cost is a key in motivating local governments into action. Energy benchmarking is an excellent tool for this purpose. The 1992 US Energy Information Administration’s Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) database is investigated as a source for energy benchmarks for local-government-owned schools. Average energy use values derived from CBECS are shown to be poor energy benchmarks. Simple distributions of building energy use values derived from CBECS, however, are shown to be reliable energy benchmarks for local schools. These can be used to gauge the energy performance of your local public school. Using a stepwise, linear-regression analysis, the primary determinants of electric use in local schools were found to be gross floor area, year of construction, use of walk-in coolers, electric cooling, non-electric energy use, roof construction, and HVAC operational responsibility. The determinants vary depending on the school’s location. While benchmarking based on simple distributions is a good method, an improved benchmarking method which can account for these additional drivers of energy use is detailed.

Terv R. Sharp; Oak Ridge; National Laboratoy

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Radiation Detection Computational Benchmark Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Modeling forms an important component of radiation detection development, allowing for testing of new detector designs, evaluation of existing equipment against a wide variety of potential threat sources, and assessing operation performance of radiation detection systems. This can, however, result in large and complex scenarios which are time consuming to model. A variety of approaches to radiation transport modeling exist with complementary strengths and weaknesses for different problems. This variety of approaches, and the development of promising new tools (such as ORNL’s ADVANTG) which combine benefits of multiple approaches, illustrates the need for a means of evaluating or comparing different techniques for radiation detection problems. This report presents a set of 9 benchmark problems for comparing different types of radiation transport calculations, identifying appropriate tools for classes of problems, and testing and guiding the development of new methods. The benchmarks were drawn primarily from existing or previous calculations with a preference for scenarios which include experimental data, or otherwise have results with a high level of confidence, are non-sensitive, and represent problem sets of interest to NA-22. From a technical perspective, the benchmarks were chosen to span a range of difficulty and to include gamma transport, neutron transport, or both and represent different important physical processes and a range of sensitivity to angular or energy fidelity. Following benchmark identification, existing information about geometry, measurements, and previous calculations were assembled. Monte Carlo results (MCNP decks) were reviewed or created and re-run in order to attain accurate computational times and to verify agreement with experimental data, when present. Benchmark information was then conveyed to ORNL in order to guide testing and development of hybrid calculations. The results of those ADVANTG calculations were then sent to PNNL for compilation. This is a report describing the details of the selected Benchmarks and results from various transport codes.

Shaver, Mark W.; Casella, Andrew M.; Wittman, Richard S.; McDonald, Ben S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

Advanced benchmarking for complex building types: laboratories as an exemplar.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency inmetrics. However, benchmarks generated from simulations areetc. Whole-building benchmarks are limited in their

Mathew, Paul; Clear, Robert; Kircher, Kevin; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho; Hoyt, Tyler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Advanced Benchmarking for Complex Building Types: Laboratories as an Exemplar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency inmodel to generate a benchmark energy intensity normalizedlimited efforts thus far to benchmark laboratory facilities

Mathew, Paul A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report 4-10-08 Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiencybenchmarking database. The benchmarks for standard, good andefficiency metrics and benchmarks for laboratories, which

Mathew, Paul; Rumsey Engineers

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

VVER-440 dosimetry and neutron spectrum benchmark  

SciTech Connect

Light Water Reactor (LWR) benchmark experiments performed in the United States under the Surveillance Dosimetry Improvement Program (SDIP), in general, reported measured reaction rates and not neutron flux spectrum. The VVER-440 benchmark experiments, using a combination of spherical hydrogen-filled proportional counters and a stilbene scintillator detector, were measurements that provided a direct verification of the transport neutron flux spectrum. The original SAILOR cross-section library from ENDF/B-IV were used, except that the iron, hydrogen, and oxygen values from ENDF/B-VI were inserted. A linear-least-squares analysis showed that the average difference between calculations and measurements below 10 MeV was (a) less than 6% at the surveillance position; (b) less than 5% at the pressure vessel (PV) inner surface; (c) less than 6% at 1/3 thickness into the PV (1/3 T); (d) less than 17% at 2/3 thickness into the PV (2/3 T); and (e) less than 24% at the PV outer surface.

Sajot, E. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Nuclear Science Center; Kam, F.B.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Outlook for Industrial Energy Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is exploring options to sponsor an industrial energy efficiency benchmarking study to identify facility specific, cost-effective best practices and technologies. Such a study could help develop a common understanding of opportunities for energy efficiency improvements and provide additional information to improve the competitiveness of U.S. industry. The EPA's initial benchmarking efforts will focus on industrial power facilities. The key industries of interest include the most energy intensive industries, such as chemical, pulp and paper, and iron and steel manufacturing.

Hartley, Z.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Computational evaluation of two reactor benchmark problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A neutronic evaluation of two reactor benchmark problems was performed. The benchmark problems describe typical PWR uranium and plutonium (mixed oxide) fueled lattices. WIMSd4m, a neutron transport lattice code, was used to evaluate multigroup macroscopic cross sections for various pincell models in each benchmark problem. DEF3D, a multigroup multidimensional diffusion code, was used to evaluate the uranium-fueled lattice benchmark problem of the American Nuclear Society. TWODANT, a multigroup, two-dimensional transport code, was used to evaluate the mixed oxide lattice benchmark problem from the Nuclear Energy Agency. Both benchmark problems yielded results consistent with preliminary results submitted by other participants in the benchmarking exercises. Some suggestions are made to improve future benchmark evaluations.

Cowan, James Anthony

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

DataTrends Benchmarking and Energy Savings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking and Energy Savings Do buildings that consistently benchmark energy performance save energy? The answer is yes, based on the large number of buildings using the U.S....

107

COSBench: cloud object storage benchmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With object storage systems being increasingly recognized as a preferred way to expose one's storage infrastructure to the web, the past few years have witnessed an explosion in the acceptance of these systems. Unfortunately, the proliferation of available ... Keywords: benchmark tool, object storage

Qing Zheng; Haopeng Chen; Yaguang Wang; Jian Zhang; Jiangang Duan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

INTERIOR  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

l and d i l a t a t i o n a l f i r s t m o t i o n s were r e c o r d e d f o r t h e 1 6 a f t e r s h o c k s i n d i c a t e s t h a t a s i m p l e , volume change d i d n o t...

109

Generalized fuzzy interior ideals in semigroups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the idea of quasi-coincidence of a fuzzy point with a fuzzy set, the concept of an (@a,@b)-fuzzy interior ideal, which is a generalization of a fuzzy interior ideal, in a semigroup is introduced, and related properties are investigated. Keywords: (?,?)-Fuzzy interior ideal, Belong to, Fuzzy algebra, Quasi-coincident with

Young Bae Jun; Seok Zun Song

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Aluchemie Back to Benchmark - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production. Presentation Title, Aluchemie Back to Benchmark.

111

Testing (Validating?) Cross Sections with ICSBEP Benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

We discuss how to use critical benchmarks from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments to determine the applicability of specific cross sections to the end-user's problem of interest. Particular attention is paid to making sure the selected suite of benchmarks includes the user's range of applicability (ROA).

Kahler, Albert C. III [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

112

Advanced benchmarking for complex building types: laboratories as an exemplar.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmark against which energy use for a given building canbuilding systems and resulting energy use. The Labs21 Benchmark

Mathew, Paul; Clear, Robert; Kircher, Kevin; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho; Hoyt, Tyler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Advanced Benchmarking for Complex Building Types: Laboratories as an Exemplar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmark against which energy use for a given building canbuilding systems and resulting energy use. The Labs21 Benchmark

Mathew, Paul A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution, lighting, and any other form of energy use, like steamdistribution, lighting, and any other form of energy use, like steam

Mathew, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Including the Human Factor in Dependability Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the construction of a dependability benchmark that captures the impact of the human system operator on the tested system. Our benchmark follows the usual model of injecting faults and perturbations into the tested system; however, our perturbations are generated by the unscripted actions of actual human operators participating in the benchmark procedure in addition to more traditional fault injection. We introduce the issues that arise as we attempt to incorporate human behavior into a dependability benchmark and describe the possible solutions that we have arrived at through preliminary experimentation. Finally, we describe the implementation of our techniques in a dependability benchmark that we are currently developing

Aaron B. Brown; Leonard C. Chung; David A. Patterson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Tomography of the Solar Interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar oscillations consist of a rich spectrum of internal acoustic waves and surface gravity waves, stochastically excited by turbulent convection. They have been monitored almost continuously over the last ten years with high-precision Doppler images of the solar surface. The purpose of helioseismology is to retrieve information about the structure and the dynamics of the solar interior from the frequencies, phases, and amplitudes of solar waves. Methods of analysis are being developed to make three-dimensional images of subsurface motions and temperature inhomogeneities in order to study convective structures and regions of magnetic activity, like sunspots.

Gizon, L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Tomography of the Solar Interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar oscillations consist of a rich spectrum of internal acoustic waves and surface gravity waves, stochastically excited by turbulent convection. They have been monitored almost continuously over the last ten years with high-precision Doppler images of the solar surface. The purpose of helioseismology is to retrieve information about the structure and the dynamics of the solar interior from the frequencies, phases, and amplitudes of solar waves. Methods of analysis are being developed to make three-dimensional images of subsurface motions and temperature inhomogeneities in order to study convective structures and regions of magnetic activity, like sunspots.

L. Gizon

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

118

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) September 2004 Final Report on Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies Cofunded by Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) by Stephanie A. Flamberg and Robert C. Gertler September 2004 BATTELLE 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201-2693 Neither Battelle, nor any person acting on their behalf: (1) Makes any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the

119

Geothermal Heat Pump Benchmarking Report  

SciTech Connect

A benchmarking study was conducted on behalf of the Department of Energy to determine the critical factors in successful utility geothermal heat pump programs. A Successful program is one that has achieved significant market penetration. Successfully marketing geothermal heat pumps has presented some major challenges to the utility industry. However, select utilities have developed programs that generate significant GHP sales. This benchmarking study concludes that there are three factors critical to the success of utility GHP marking programs: (1) Top management marketing commitment; (2) An understanding of the fundamentals of marketing and business development; and (3) An aggressive competitive posture. To generate significant GHP sales, competitive market forces must by used. However, because utilities have functioned only in a regulated arena, these companies and their leaders are unschooled in competitive business practices. Therefore, a lack of experience coupled with an intrinsically non-competitive culture yields an industry environment that impedes the generation of significant GHP sales in many, but not all, utilities.

1997-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

120

Restaurant Energy Use Benchmarking Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant operational challenge for food service operators is defining energy use benchmark metrics to compare against the performance of individual stores. Without metrics, multiunit operators and managers have difficulty identifying which stores in their portfolios require extra attention to bring their energy performance in line with expectations. This report presents a method whereby multiunit operators may use their own utility data to create suitable metrics for evaluating their operations.

Hedrick, R.; Smith, V.; Field, K.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images Title Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-4417E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Konis, Kyle, Eleanor S. Lee, and Robert D. Clear Call Number LBNL-4417E Abstract The objective of this study was to explore how calibrated high dynamic range (HDR) images (luminance maps) acquired in real world daylit environments can be used to characterize, evaluate, and compare visual comfort conditions of innovative facade shading and light-redirecting systems. Detailed (1536 x 1536 pixel) luminance maps were time-lapse acquired from two view positions in an unoccupied full scale testbed facility. These maps were analyzed using existing visual comfort metrics to quantify how innovative interior and exterior shading systems compare to conventional systems under real sun and sky conditions over a solstice-to-solstice test interval. The results provide a case study in the challenges and potential of methods of visualizing, evaluating and summarizing daily and seasonal variation of visual comfort conditions computed from large sets of image data.

122

Video and thermal imaging system for monitoring interiors of high temperature reaction vessels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system and method for real-time monitoring of the interior of a combustor or gasifier wherein light emitted by the interior surface of a refractory wall of the combustor or gasifier is collected using an imaging fiber optic bundle having a light receiving end and a light output end. Color information in the light is captured with primary color (RGB) filters or complimentary color (GMCY) filters placed over individual pixels of color sensors disposed within a digital color camera in a BAYER mosaic layout, producing RGB signal outputs or GMCY signal outputs. The signal outputs are processed using intensity ratios of the primary color filters or the complimentary color filters, producing video images and/or thermal images of the interior of the combustor or gasifier.

Saveliev, Alexei V. (Chicago, IL); Zelepouga, Serguei A. (Hoffman Estates, IL); Rue, David M. (Chicago, IL)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

123

Sensory study in restaurant interior design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??According to five senses, sight, smell, taste, hearing, and haptic, sight receives the most attention in restaurant interior design; however, the other senses are significant… (more)

Yu, Xue

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Mapping the Interior of Nanocrystals in Depth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Nanocrystals in Depth Complex, three-dimensional images of the interior of a nanocrystal have, for the first time, been obtained by researchers employing a new technique:...

125

Benchmark precision and random initial state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The applications of software benchmarks place an obvious demand on the precision of the benchmark results. An intuitive and frequently employed approach to obtaining precise enough benchmark results is having the benchmark collect a large number of samples that are simply averaged or otherwise statistically processed. We show that this approach ignores an inherent and unavoidable nondeterminism in the initial state of the system that is evaluated, often leading to an implausible estimate of result precision. We proceed by outlining the sources of nondeterminism in a typical system, illustrating the impact of the nondeterminism on selected classes of benchmarks. Finally, we suggest a method for quantitatively assessing the influence of nondeterminism on a benchmark, as well as approach that provides a plausible estimate of result precision in face of the nondeterminism.

Tomas Kalibera; Lubomir Bulej; Petr Tuma

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Factors Causing Unexpected Variations in Ada Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks are often used to describe the performance of computer systems. This report considers factors that may cause Ada benchmarks to produce inaccurate results. Included are examples from the ongoing benchmarking efforts of the Ada Embedded Systems Testbed (AEST) Project using bare target computers with several Ada compilers. 1. Introduction One of the goals of the Ada Embedded Systems Testbed (AEST) Project is to assess the readiness of the Ada programming language and Ada tools for developing embedded systems. The benchmarking and instrumentation subgroup within the AEST Project is running various suites of Ada benchmarks to obtain data on the real-time performance of Ada on a number of different target systems. The purpose of this report is to categorize the factors which cause anomalous results to be produced by the benchmarks. Some of these factors have been observed, while others are more speculative in nature. All these factors should be understood if accurate, comparable,...

Neal Altman; Neal Altman

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Profile for Selected PCBs, ATSDRTP-8821, U.S. Public Health Service, Washington, D.C. Boese, B. L., H. Lee II, D. T. Specht, R. C. Randall, and M. H. Winsor 1990....

128

MCNP/KENO criticality benchmarks  

SciTech Connect

In the past, criticality safety analyses related to the handling and storage of fissile materials were obtained from critical experiments, nuclear safety guides, and handbooks. As a result of rising costs and time delays associated with critical experiments, most experimental facilities have been closed, triggering an increased reliance on computational methods. With this reliance comes the need and requirement for redundant validation by independent criticality codes. Currently, the KENO Monte Carlo transport code is the most widely used tool for criticality safety calculations. For other transport codes, such as MCNP, to be accepted by the criticality safety community as a redundant validation tool they must be able to reproduce experimental results at least as well as KENO. The Monte Carlo neutron, photon, and electron transport code MCNP, has an extensive list of attractive features, including continuous energy cross sections, generalized 3-D geometry, time dependent transport, criticality k{sub eff} calculations, and comprehensive source and tally capabilities. It is widely used for nuclear criticality analysis, nuclear reactor shielding, oil well logging, and medical dosimetry calculations. This report specifically addresses criticality and benchmarks the KENO 25 problem test set. These sample problems constitute the KENO standard benchmark set and represent a relatively wide variety of criticality problems. The KENO Monte Carlo code was chosen because of its extensive benchmarking against analytical and experimental criticality results. Whereas the uncertainty in experimental parameters generally prohibits code validation to better than about 1% in k{sub eff}, the value of k{sub eff} for criticality is considered unacceptable if it deviates more than a few percent from measurements.

McKinney, G.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Wagner, J.C. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Sisolak, J.E. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Customers: $10,000 per calendar year Municipal Customers: $15,000 per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8/T-5 Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $11 - $35/fixture Interior High Output Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $100/fixture De-lamping: $4 - $9/lamp Lighting Sensors: $20/sensor LED Exit Signs: $20/fixture Provider Incentive Programs

130

Optimization Online - Benchmark of Some Nonsmooth Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2006 ... Benchmark of Some Nonsmooth Optimization Solvers for Computing Nonconvex Proximal Points. Warren Hare (whare ***at*** cecm.sfu.ca)

131

Benchmarking optimization software with performance profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 15, 2001 ... Abstract: We propose performance profiles -- probability distribution functions for a performance metric -- as a tool for benchmarking and ...

132

2000 TMS Annual Meeting Exhibitor: BENCHMARK STRUCTURAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Benchmark Structural Ceramics Corp., has substituted the use of sintered silicon nitride and sialon parts utilized in molten aluminum handling and service with ...

133

Measurement Technology for Benchmark Spray Combustion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Benchmark Spray Combustion Database. ... A1, uncertainty budget for the fuel flow rate. A2, uncertainty budget for the combustion air flow rate. ...

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

Method and system for benchmarking computers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A testing system and method for benchmarking computer systems. The system includes a store containing a scalable set of tasks to be performed to produce a solution in ever-increasing degrees of resolution as a larger number of the tasks are performed. A timing and control module allots to each computer a fixed benchmarking interval in which to perform the stored tasks. Means are provided for determining, after completion of the benchmarking interval, the degree of progress through the scalable set of tasks and for producing a benchmarking rating relating to the degree of progress for each computer.

Gustafson, John L. (Ames, IA)

1993-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Measure, track, and benchmark | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tracking and benchmarking of energy across all operations are your most powerful energy waste reduction tools. Reducing energy waste requires that all forms of energy be...

136

Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems Book. 2009, XIX, 338 p., Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-4419-0491-1 ... About this book: ...

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

137

Federal Government Project Performance Benchmarks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

equipment and strategies such as vending machines, lighting, laundryoffi ce equipment, refrigeration, industrial process improvements, staff training, and utility tariff...

138

ILAMB Goals What is a Benchmark? ILAMB Meeting International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Develop benchmarks for land model performance, with a focus on carbon cycle, ecosystem, surface energy, and hydrological processes. The benchmarks should be designed and accepted by the community. Apply the benchmarks to global models. Support the design and development of a new, open-source, benchmarking software system for either diagnostic or model intercomparison purposes. Strengthen linkages between experimental, monitoring, remote sensing, and climate modeling communities in the design of new model tests and new measurement programs.

Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Randomized Benchmarking of Quantum Gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key requirement for scalable quantum computing is that elementary quantum gates can be implemented with sufficiently low error. One method for determining the error behavior of a gate implementation is to perform process tomography. However, standard process tomography is limited by errors in state preparation, measurement and one-qubit gates. It suffers from inefficient scaling with number of qubits and does not detect adverse error-compounding when gates are composed in long sequences. An additional problem is due to the fact that desirable error probabilities for scalable quantum computing are of the order of 0.0001 or lower. Experimentally proving such low errors is challenging. We describe a randomized benchmarking method that yields estimates of the computationally relevant errors without relying on accurate state preparation and measurement. Since it involves long sequences of randomly chosen gates, it also verifies that error behavior is stable when used in long computations. We implemented randomized benchmarking on trapped atomic ion qubits, establishing a one-qubit error probability per randomized pi/2 pulse of 0.00482(17) in a particular experiment. We expect this error probability to be readily improved with straightforward technical modifications.

E. Knill; D. Leibfried; R. Reichle; J. Britton; R. B. Blakestad; J. D. Jost; C. Langer; R. Ozeri; S. Seidelin; D. J. Wineland

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Sun's Interior Metallicity Constrained by Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observed solar neutrino fluxes are employed to constrain the interior composition of the Sun. Including the effects of neutrino flavor mixing, the results from Homestake, Sudbury, and Gallium experiments constrain the Mg, Si, and Fe abundances in the solar interior to be within a factor 0.89 to 1.34 of the surface values with 68% confidence. If the O and/or Ne abundances are increased in the interior to resolve helioseismic discrepancies with recent standard solar models, then the nominal interior Mg, Si, and Fe abundances are constrained to a range of 0.83 to 1.24 relative to the surface. Additional research is needed to determine whether the Sun's interior is metal poor relative to its surface.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004 pro- vide an additional benchmark. F O R T H E Table 3.Performance Metrics & Benchmarks Notes A performance MetricBTU/sf-yr). A performance Benchmark is a particular value of

Mathew, Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Memory-intensive benchmarks: IRAM vs. cache-based machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Stressmarks of the DIS Benchmark Project, v 1.0, TitanB. R. Gaeke, “GUPS Benchmark Manual,” Univ. of California,be indispensable to re-run our benchmarks on the real VIRAM

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy efficiency metrics and benchmarks for laboratories, at the whole buildingBuilding Site Energy BTU/sf-yr). A performance Benchmark isBenchmarks Good Practice ID Building B1 Name Unit Building Site Energy

Mathew, Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool: Benchmarking and Energy & Water Savings Tool in Dairy Plants (BEST-Dairy) Title Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and...

145

APPLICATION NOTE 4393 Selecting HB LED Drivers for Automotive Lighting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This application note provides an overview of HB LED driver selection criteria for automotive lighting applications. It reviews HB LED driver topologies and recommends configurations for various automotive lighting applications, including interior lighting, exterior lighting, and display backlighting.

Brian Hedayati

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

ASHRAE Cleanroom Benchmarking Paper - REVISED  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8E 8E Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarking Paul Mathew, William Tschudi, Dale Sartor Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory James Beasley International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative October 2010 Published in ASHRAE Journal, v. 53, issue 10 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

147

Benchmarking ICRF simulations for ITER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode plasma. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by seven groups to predict the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating profiles. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power partitions for the DT and He4 cases. Profiles of the heating powers and electromagnetic fields are compared.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R.J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E.F. Jaeger, E. Lerche, C.K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

148

Quantum Benchmark for Teleportation and Storage of Squeezed States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a quantum benchmark for teleportation and storage of single-mode squeezed states with zero displacement and a completely unknown degree of squeezing along a given direction. For pure squeezed input states, a fidelity higher than 81.5% has to be attained in order to outperform any classical strategy based on an estimation of the unknown squeezing and repreparation of squeezed states. For squeezed thermal input states, we derive an upper and a lower bound on the classical average fidelity which tighten for moderate degree of mixedness. These results enable a critical discussion of recent experiments with squeezed light.

Gerardo Adesso; Giulio Chiribella

2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

149

Interior Communication from the Subtropical to the Tropical Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The communication from the subtropical gyre interior to the Tropics is examined using wind stress datasets and results from an ocean data assimilation system. It is shown that the interior communication can be clarified by a simple interior mass ...

Rui Xin Huang; Qi Wang

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

The Sun's meridional circulation and interior magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a magnetic ?eld in the sun’s radiative interior,” Nature,The sun’s meridional circulation and interior magnetic ?eldthe radiative interior of the sun under- goes nearly uniform

McCaslin, Jeremy; Garaud, Pascale; Wood, Toby

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Interior Space Conditioning . . . . . . . . . .HumanControl in Interior Space Conditioning Problem DescriptionMechanism of Interior Space Conditioning System . . . . . .

Chen, Xue

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

An Independent Benchmarking of SDP and SOCP Solvers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The codes were run on a standard platform and on all the benchmark ... tabulated and commented benchmarking results this provides an overview of the state of ...

153

Fairer Benchmarking of Optimization Algorithms via Derivative Free ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 13, 2010 ... Some benchmarking is done as a proof-of-concept, ... amine an issue that arise during benchmarking and discuss a technique that can help ...

154

On-chip Benchmarking and Calibration without External References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the target component. A benchmark value is calculated based11  3.4 Calibration using Benchmarkthe target component. A benchmark value is calculated based

Lee, Cheol-Woong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industry Title Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the...

156

Building Energy Benchmarking between the United States and China...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Benchmarking between the United States and China: Methods and Challenges Title Building Energy Benchmarking between the United States and China: Methods and Challenges...

157

Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly $17 Million for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly 17 Million for Advanced Hydropower Technologies Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly 17 Million for Advanced Hydropower...

158

Some Interior Observations of Southeastern Montana Hailstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates some of the characteristics or the interior regions of several hailstorms penetrated by the armored T-28 aircraft during the 1981 CCOPE field project. The vertical wind data were analyzed to identify updraft and downdraft ...

Dennis J. Musil; Sundar A. Christopher; Regina A. Deola; Paul L. Smith

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

U.S. Department of Interior Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Interior Overview Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Mary Heying Department of the Interior Office of Acquisition and Property Management April 2008 2 DOI Mission DOI's mission is to: Protect and provide access to our Nation's natural and cultural heritage and honor our trust responsibilities to Indian Tribes and our commitments to island communities. DOI Bureaus Bureau of Indian Affairs Bureau of Land Management Bureau of Reclamation Minerals Management Service National Park Service Office of Surface Mining U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service U.S. Geological Survey 3 DOI Bureaus 4 5 DOI Owned Assets * Interior's Owned Assets - 48,000 Buildings * Office Buildings * Visitor Centers * Schools * Dormitories * Laboratories * Detention Centers * Historical Buildings &

160

INTERIOR-POINT METHODS FOR NONCONVEX NONLINEAR ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 4, 2005 ... problem is not convex, the algorithm will be searching for a local optimum. ..... the terms in the barrier objective of our infeasible interior-point method. ..... In order to enter dual feasibility restoration mode, we monitored the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP tip sheet on benchmarking the fuel cost of steam provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Benchmarking autonomic capabilities: Promises and pitfalls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks provide a way to quantify progress in a field. Excellent examples of this are the dramatic improvements in processor speeds and middleware performance over the last decade, driven in part by SPEC ®

Aaron B. Brown; Joseph Hellerstein; Matt Hogstrom; Tony Lau; Sam Lightstone; Peter Shum; Mary Peterson Yost

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

DataTrends Energy Use Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Benchmarking The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. As of December 2011, organizations have used Portfolio Manager to track and manage the energy use of over 260,000 buildings across all 50 states, representing over 28 billion square feet (nearly 40% of the commercial market). Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Many different types of organizations use Portfolio Manager to benchmark the energy use of their buildings. Office, K-12

164

DOE Commercial Building Benchmark Models: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

To provide a consistent baseline of comparison and save time conducting such simulations, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a set of standard benchmark building models. This paper will provide an executive summary overview of these benchmark buildings, and how they can save building analysts valuable time. Fully documented and implemented to use with the EnergyPlus energy simulation program, the benchmark models are publicly available and new versions will be created to maintain compatibility with new releases of EnergyPlus. The benchmark buildings will form the basis for research on specific building technologies, energy code development, appliance standards, and measurement of progress toward DOE energy goals. Having a common starting point allows us to better share and compare research results and move forward to make more energy efficient buildings.

Torcelini, P.; Deru, M.; Griffith, B.; Benne, K.; Halverson, M.; Winiarski, D.; Crawley, D. B.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Concepts and Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

opportunity assessment process can then be used to inform and optimize a full-scale audit or commissioning process. We introduce a new web-based action-oriented benchmarking...

166

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Randerson, James T. [University of California, Irvine; Hoffman, Forrest [ORNL; Norby, Richard J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Mixed-Oxide (MOX) Fuel Performance Benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the framework of the OECD/NEA Expert Group on Reactor-based Plutonium disposition (TFRPD), a fuel modeling code benchmarks for MOX fuel was initiated. This paper summarizes the calculation results provided by the contributors for the first two fuel performance benchmark problems. A limited sensitivity study of the effect of the rod power uncertainty on code predictions of fuel centerline temperature and fuel pin pressure also was performed and is included in the paper.

Ott, Larry J [ORNL; Tverberg, Terje [OECD Halden Reactor Project; Sartori, Enrico [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Physics Benchmarks for the ILC Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This note presents a list of physics processes for benchmarking the performance of proposed ILC detectors. This list gives broad coverage of the required physics capabilities of the ILC experiments and suggests target accuracies to be achieved. A reduced list of reactions, which capture within a very economical set the main challenges put by the ILC physics program, is suggested for the early stage of benchmarking of the detector concepts.

M. Battaglia; T. Barklow; M. Peskin; Y. Okada; S. Yamashita; P. Zerwas

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy conversion is provided in the documentation for the Energy Star facility-level benchmarking system

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

LUBM: A benchmark for OWL knowledge base systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe our method for benchmarking Semantic Web knowledge base systems with respect to use in large OWL applications. We present the Lehigh University Benchmark (LUBM) as an example of how to design such benchmarks. The LUBM features an ontology ... Keywords: Evaluation, Knowledge base system, Lehigh University Benchmark, Semantic Web

Yuanbo Guo; Zhengxiang Pan; Jeff Heflin

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Reactor Physics and Criticality Benchmark Evaluations for Advanced Nuclear Fuel - Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear industry interest in advanced fuel and reactor design often drives towards fuel with uranium enrichments greater than 5 wt% 235U. Unfortunately, little data exists, in the form of reactor physics and criticality benchmarks, for uranium enrichments ranging between 5 and 10 wt% 235U. The primary purpose of this project is to provide benchmarks for fuel similar to what may be required for advanced light water reactors (LWRs). These experiments will ultimately provide additional information for application to the criticality-safety bases for commercial fuel facilities handling greater than 5 wt% 235U fuel.

William Anderson; James Tulenko; Bradley Rearden; Gary Harms

2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

173

Storage-Intensive Supercomputing Benchmark Study  

SciTech Connect

Critical data science applications requiring frequent access to storage perform poorly on today's computing architectures. This project addresses efficient computation of data-intensive problems in national security and basic science by exploring, advancing, and applying a new form of computing called storage-intensive supercomputing (SISC). Our goal is to enable applications that simply cannot run on current systems, and, for a broad range of data-intensive problems, to deliver an order of magnitude improvement in price/performance over today's data-intensive architectures. This technical report documents much of the work done under LDRD 07-ERD-063 Storage Intensive Supercomputing during the period 05/07-09/07. The following chapters describe: (1) a new file I/O monitoring tool iotrace developed to capture the dynamic I/O profiles of Linux processes; (2) an out-of-core graph benchmark for level-set expansion of scale-free graphs; (3) an entity extraction benchmark consisting of a pipeline of eight components; and (4) an image resampling benchmark drawn from the SWarp program in the LSST data processing pipeline. The performance of the graph and entity extraction benchmarks was measured in three different scenarios: data sets residing on the NFS file server and accessed over the network; data sets stored on local disk; and data sets stored on the Fusion I/O parallel NAND Flash array. The image resampling benchmark compared performance of software-only to GPU-accelerated. In addition to the work reported here, an additional text processing application was developed that used an FPGA to accelerate n-gram profiling for language classification. The n-gram application will be presented at SC07 at the High Performance Reconfigurable Computing Technologies and Applications Workshop. The graph and entity extraction benchmarks were run on a Supermicro server housing the NAND Flash 40GB parallel disk array, the Fusion-io. The Fusion system specs are as follows: SuperMicro X7DBE Xeon Dual Socket Blackford Server Motherboard; 2 Intel Xeon Dual-Core 2.66 GHz processors; 1 GB DDR2 PC2-5300 RAM (2 x 512); 80GB Hard Drive (Seagate SATA II Barracuda). The Fusion board is presently capable of 4X in a PCIe slot. The image resampling benchmark was run on a dual Xeon workstation with NVIDIA graphics card (see Chapter 5 for full specification). An XtremeData Opteron+FPGA was used for the language classification application. We observed that these benchmarks are not uniformly I/O intensive. The only benchmark that showed greater that 50% of the time in I/O was the graph algorithm when it accessed data files over NFS. When local disk was used, the graph benchmark spent at most 40% of its time in I/O. The other benchmarks were CPU dominated. The image resampling benchmark and language classification showed order of magnitude speedup over software by using co-processor technology to offload the CPU-intensive kernels. Our experiments to date suggest that emerging hardware technologies offer significant benefit to boosting the performance of data-intensive algorithms. Using GPU and FPGA co-processors, we were able to improve performance by more than an order of magnitude on the benchmark algorithms, eliminating the processor bottleneck of CPU-bound tasks. Experiments with a prototype solid state nonvolative memory available today show 10X better throughput on random reads than disk, with a 2X speedup on a graph processing benchmark when compared to the use of local SATA disk.

Cohen, J; Dossa, D; Gokhale, M; Hysom, D; May, J; Pearce, R; Yoo, A

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Action-Oriented Benchmarking: Using the CEUS Database to Benchmark Commercial Buildings in California  

SciTech Connect

The 2006 Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS) database developed by the California Energy Commission is a far richer source of energy end-use data for non-residential buildings than has previously been available and opens the possibility of creating new and more powerful energy benchmarking processes and tools. In this article--Part 2 of a two-part series--we describe the methodology and selected results from an action-oriented benchmarking approach using the new CEUS database. This approach goes beyond whole-building energy benchmarking to more advanced end-use and component-level benchmarking that enables users to identify and prioritize specific energy efficiency opportunities - an improvement on benchmarking tools typically in use today.

Mathew, Paul; Mills, Evan; Bourassa, Norman; Brook, Martha

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Winds at an Interior Alaska Summit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One purpose of this study was to compare anemometer-based average wind speeds at a well-exposed interior Alaskan summit with those deduced from local rawinsonde data at the same summit altitude. The second purpose was to evaluate the wind power ...

Tunis Wentink Jr.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990 s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development s Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding computational models with the goal of preserving institutional knowledge and expertise that need to be handed down to future scientists. SINBAD is also a learning tool for university students and scientists who need to design experiments or gain expertise in modeling and simulation. The SINBAD database is currently divided into three categories fission, fusion, and accelerator benchmarks. Where possible, each experiment is described and analyzed using deterministic or probabilistic (Monte Carlo) radiation transport software.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Grove, Robert E [ORNL; Kodeli, I. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Sartori, Enrico [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously-known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the non-quantitative benchmarks.

Nathan Killoran; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

178

Towards Scalable Benchmarks for Mass Storage Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While mass storage systems have been used for several decades to store large quantities of scientific data, there has been little work on devising standard ways of measuring them. Each system is hand-tuned using parameters that seem to work best, but it is difficult to gauge the potential effect of similar changes on other systems. The proliferation of storage management software and policies has made it difficult for users to make the best choices for their own systems. The introduction of benchmarks will make it possible to gather standard performance measurements across disparate systems, allowing users to make intelligent choices of hardware, software, and algorithms for their mass storage system. This paper presents guidelines for the design of a mass storage system benchmark suite, along with preliminary suggestions for programs to be included. The benchmarks will measure both peak and sustained performance of the system as well as predicting both short-term and long-term behav...

Ethan L. Miller

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Investigating the limits of randomized benchmarking protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyze the performance of randomized benchmarking protocols on gate sets under a variety of realistic error models that include systematic rotations, amplitude damping, leakage to higher levels, and 1/f noise. We find that, in almost all cases, benchmarking provides better than a factor-of-two estimate of average error rate, suggesting that randomized benchmarking protocols are a valuable tool for verification and validation of quantum operations. In addition, we derive new models for fidelity decay curves under certain types of non-Markovian noise models such as 1/f and leakage errors. We also show that, provided the standard error of the fidelity measurements is small, only a small number of trials are required for high confidence estimation of gate errors.

Jeffrey M. Epstein; Andrew W. Cross; Easwar Magesan; Jay M. Gambetta

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

180

Strong quantitative benchmarking of quantum optical devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum communication devices, such as quantum repeaters, quantum memories, or quantum channels, are unavoidably exposed to imperfections. However, the presence of imperfections can be tolerated, as long as we can verify that such devices retain their quantum advantages. Benchmarks based on witnessing entanglement have proven useful for verifying the true quantum nature of these devices. The next challenge is to characterize how strongly a device is within the quantum domain. We present a method, based on entanglement measures and rigorous state truncation, which allows us to characterize the degree of quantumness of optical devices. This method serves as a quantitative extension to a large class of previously known quantum benchmarks, requiring no additional information beyond what is already used for the nonquantitative benchmarks.

Killoran, N.; Luetkenhaus, N. [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Benchmarking PHEVs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APRF Research Activities: Benchmarking of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) Argonne engineer Mike Duoba Engineer Mike Duoba evaluates a vehicle in Argonne's APRF. Now that plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are emerging, it is important to test, characterize and benchmark the wide variety of PHEV designs and control strategies. In the APRF, engineers benchmark PHEVs by combining testing and data analysis to characterize the vehicles' efficiency, performance, and emissions. The vehicles are evaluated over many cycles to find control strategies under a variety of operating conditions. Argonne researchers test PHEVs over cold-start and hot-start urban dynamometer driving schedule (UDDS) and highway cycles in both charge-depletion and charge-sustaining operation. Full-charge tests, as

182

Performance Benchmarks for I/S in Corporations (1988-1995)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL REPORT PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR I/S IN CORPORATTONSIrvine PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS F O R INFORMATION S Y S T E MIrvine PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN

Kraemer, Kenneth L.; Dunkle, Debbie

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Performance Benchmarks for I/S in Corporations (1988-1994)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL REPORT PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR I/S IN CORPORATIONSIrvine PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEMS INServices PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN

Kraemer, Kenneth L.; Gurbaxani, Viijay; Vitalari, Nicholas; Dunkle, Debbie

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Assessment of Applying the PMaC Prediction Framework to NERSC-5 SSP Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Framework to NERSC-5 SSP Benchmarks Summer 2006 Author: Noeldepends on application benchmarks, in particular the NERSCvendors are asked to run SSP benchmarks at various scales to

Keen, Noel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Science Driven Supercomputing Architectures: Analyzing Architectural Bottlenecks with Applications and Benchmark Probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Applications and Benchmark Probes The Berkeleydevelopment of adequate benchmarks for identification ofapplication kernels; and 3) Benchmarks to measure key system

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Performance Benchmarks for I/S in Corporations (1990-1999)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL REPORT PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR I/S IN CORPORATIONSIrvine PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEMS INiv- PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKS FOR INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN

Kraemer, Kenneth L.; Gurbaxani, Viijay; Dunkle, Debbie

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

NMSSM Higgs Benchmarks Near 125 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent LHC indications of a SM-like Higgs boson near 125 GeV are consistent not only with the Standard Model (SM) but also with Supersymmetry (SUSY). However naturalness arguments disfavour the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We consider the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with a SM-like Higgs boson near 125 GeV involving relatively light stops and gluinos below 1 TeV in order to satisfy naturalness requirements. We are careful to ensure that the chosen values of couplings do not become non perturbative below the grand unification (GUT) scale, although we also examine how these limits may be extended by the addition of extra matter to the NMSSM at the two-loop level. We then propose four sets of benchmark points corresponding to the SM-like Higgs boson being the lightest or the second lightest Higgs state in the NMSSM or the NMSSM-with-extra-matter. With the aid of these benchmark points we discuss how the NMSSM Higgs boson near 125 GeV may be distinguished from the SM Higgs boson in future LHC searches.

S. F. King; M. Muhlleitner; R. Nevzorov

2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

188

Post LHC8 SUSY benchmark points for ILC physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We re-evaluate prospects for supersymmetry at the proposed International Linear e^+e^- Collider (ILC) in light of the first two years of serious data taking at LHC: LHC7 with ~5 fb^{-1} of pp collisions at sqrt{s}=7 TeV and LHC8 with ~20 fb^{-1} at \\sqrt{s}=8 TeV. Strong new limits from LHC8 SUSY searches, along with the discovery of a Higgs boson with m_h~125 GeV, suggest a paradigm shift from previously popular models to ones with new and compelling signatures. After a review of the current status of supersymmetry, we present a variety of new ILC benchmark models, including: natural SUSY, radiatively-driven natural SUSY (RNS), NUHM2 with low m_A, a focus point case from mSUGRA/CMSSM, non-universal gaugino mass (NUGM) model, stau-coannihilation, Kallosh-Linde/spread SUSY model, mixed gauge-gravity mediation, normal scalar mass hierarchy (NMH), and one example with the recently discovered Higgs boson being the heavy CP-even state H. While all these models at present elude the latest LHC8 limits, they do offer intriguing case study possibilities for ILC operating at \\sqrt{s}~0.25-1 TeV. The benchmark points also present a view of the widely diverse SUSY phenomena which might still be expected in the post LHC8 era at both LHC and ILC.

Howard Baer; Jenny List

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

189

Natural lighting and skylights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many physiological and psychological factors which enter into the proper design of space for human occupancy. One of these elements is light. Both natural light and manufactured light are basic tools with which any designer must work. However, they are only two of the many, many elements which must be considered; and they, therefore, must be considered, always, in relation to the other elements. The achievement of good lighting depends on a reasonable understanding of three primary factors: one, the visual response to lighting; two, the availability and types of lighting; and three, methods for controlling light. This thesis is intended to supply enough information to provide a working knowledge of each of these facets. The human visual response is discussed in "Goals For Good Lighting." The availability and types of lighting are dealt with in the section on available light. The remainder of the thesis concerns methods for controlling light. The use of scale models for studying the natural lighting characteristics of buildings due to the building geometry, the fenestration details and the interior reflectance has been well established as pointed out in the earlier part of this thesis. With the completion of the work outlined herein, the feasibility of using scale models for studying skylights is also an established fact. The method of analysis by models can be a valuable tool to any designer who is concerned about day-lighting.

Evans, Benjamin Hampton

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Procedure for calculating interior daylight illumination with a programmable hand calculator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A procedure is described for calculating interior daylight illumination using an inexpensive programmable hand calculator. The proposed procedure calculates illumination at any point within a room utilizing sky luminance distribution functions that are consistent with the CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) Overcast and Clear Sky functions. This procedure separates the light reaching the point being considered into three components, these being (a) light directly from the sky, (b) light after being reflected from external, and (c) internal surfaces. Finally, two examples are presented in order to demonstrate the proposed procedure and indicate the speed with which the calculations may be performed.

Bryan, H.J.; Clear, R.D.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance of System (Soft) Costs for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Non-Hardware Balance of System (Soft) Costs for U.S. Photovoltaic Systems Using a Data-Driven Analysis from PV Installer Survey Results Title Benchmarking Non-Hardware...

192

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Department of Electronic Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking Music Information Retrieval Systems Josh Reiss Department of Electronic Engineering and effective benchmarking system for music information retrieval (MIR) systems. This will serve the multiple surrounding retrieval of audio in test collections. 1. INTRODUCTION The Music Information Retrieval (MIR

Reiss, Josh

193

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Benchmarking Chapter 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarks and Apply the Results 9 2.4 Summary 12 Bibliography 12 Glossary G-1 ENERGY STAR Building Manual 2 2. Benchmarking 2.1 Overview Businesses are reducing their...

194

A scalability benchmark suite for Erlang/OTP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programming language implementers rely heavily on benchmarking for measuring and understanding performance of algorithms, architectural designs, and trade-offs between alternative implementations of compilers, runtime systems, and virtual machine components. ... Keywords: benchmarking, erlang, multicore, scalability

Stavros Aronis; Nikolaos Papaspyrou; Katerina Roukounaki; Konstantinos Sagonas; Yiannis Tsiouris; Ioannis E. Venetis

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cleanroom Energy Efficiency: Metrics and Benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cleanrooms are among the most energy-intensive types of facilities. This is primarily due to the cleanliness requirements that result in high airflow rates and system static pressures, as well as process requirements that result in high cooling loads. Various studies have shown that there is a wide range of cleanroom energy efficiencies and that facility managers may not be aware of how energy efficient their cleanroom facility can be relative to other cleanroom facilities with the same cleanliness requirements. Metrics and benchmarks are an effective way to compare one facility to another and to track the performance of a given facility over time. This article presents the key metrics and benchmarks that facility managers can use to assess, track, and manage their cleanroom energy efficiency or to set energy efficiency targets for new construction. These include system-level metrics such as air change rates, air handling W/cfm, and filter pressure drops. Operational data are presented from over 20 different cleanrooms that were benchmarked with these metrics and that are part of the cleanroom benchmark dataset maintained by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). Overall production efficiency metrics for cleanrooms in 28 semiconductor manufacturing facilities in the United States and recorded in the Fabs21 database are also presented.

International SEMATECH Manufacturing Initiative; Mathew, Paul A.; Tschudi, William; Sartor, Dale; Beasley, James

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Comparative Benchmarks of full QCD Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report performance benchmarks for several algorithms that we have used to simulate the Schr"odinger functional with two flavors of dynamical quarks. They include hybrid and polynomial hybrid Monte Carlo with preconditioning. An appendix describes a method to deal with autocorrelations for nonlinear functions of primary observables as they are met here due to reweighting.

Roberto Frezzotti; Martin Hasenbusch; Jochen Heitger; Karl Jansen; Ulli Wolff

2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

NASA BENCHMARKS COMMUNICATIONS Assessment Plan NNSA/Nevada Site...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment Plan NNSANevada Site Office Facility Representative Division NASA BENCHMARKS COMMUNICATIONS Assessment Plan NNSANevada Site Office Facility Representative...

198

A Numerical Benchmark on the Prediction of Macrosegregation in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Frontiers in Solidification Science. Presentation Title, A Numerical Benchmark ...

199

The Problem with the Linpack Benchmark Matrix Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize the matrix sizes for which the Linpack Benchmark matrix generator constructs a matrix with identical columns.

Dongarra, Jack

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Development of a California commercial building benchmarking database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Recent Advances in Modeling Stellar Interiors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in stellar interior modeling are being driven by new data from large-scale surveys and high-precision photometric and spectroscopic observations. Here we focus on single stars in normal evolutionary phases; we will not discuss the many advances in modeling star formation, interacting binaries, supernovae, or neutron stars. We review briefly: 1) updates to input physics of stellar models; 2) progress in two and three-dimensional evolution and hydrodynamic models; 3) insights from oscillation data used to infer stellar interior structure and validate model predictions (asteroseismology). We close by highlighting a few outstanding problems, e.g., the driving mechanisms for hybrid gamma Dor/delta Sct star pulsations, the cause of giant eruptions seen in luminous blue variables such as eta Car and P Cyg, and the solar abundance problem.

Guzik, Joyce Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Recent advances in modeling stellar interiors (u)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in stellar interior modeling are being driven by new data from large-scale surveys and high-precision photometric and spectroscopic observations. Here we focus on single stars in normal evolutionary phases; we will not discuss the many advances in modeling star formation, interacting binaries, supernovae, or neutron stars. We review briefly: (1) updates to input physics of stellar models; (2) progress in two and three-dimensional evolution and hydrodynamic models; (3) insights from oscillation data used to infer stellar interior structure and validate model predictions (asteroseismology). We close by highlighting a few outstanding problems, e.g., the driving mechanisms for hybrid {gamma} Dor/{delta} Sct star pulsations, the cause of giant eruptions seen in luminous blue variables such as {eta} Car and P Cyg, and the solar abundance problem.

Guzik, Joyce Ann [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger Rail Vehicle Interiors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Fire Tests of Amtrak Passenger Rail Vehicle Interiors R. D. Peacock E. Braun Center for Fire Research National ...

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

204

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmarks that are based on the actual measured energy use of comparable buildings.energy efficiency metrics and benchmarks for laboratories, which have been developed and applied to several laboratory buildings –building targets be evaluated against empirical benchmarks that are based on the measured energy

Mathew, Paul; Rumsey Engineers

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Conventional Benchmarks as a Sample of the Performance Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most benchmarks are smaller than actual application programs. One reason is to improve benchmark universality by demanding resources every computer is likely to have. However, users dynamically increase the size of application programs to match the power ... Keywords: HINT, benchmarks, hierarchical memory, performance analysis

John L. Gustafson; Rajat Todi

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

RTJBench: A RealTime Java Benchmarking Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The paper gives an overview of RTJBench, a framework designed to assist in the task of benchmarking programs written in the Real-Time Specification for Java, but with potentially more general applicability. RTJBench extends the JUnit framework for unit testing of Java applications with tools for real-time environment configuration, simple data processing and configurable graphical presentation services. We present design principles of RTJBench and give an example of a benchmarking suite we have been using for daily regression benchmarking of the Open Virtual Machine. Keywords: Benchmarking, regression benchmarking, Real-Time Specification for Java

Marek Prochazka; Andrey Madan; Jan Vitek; Wenchang Liu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Build an energy program Improve building and plant performance Earn the ENERGY STAR and other recognition Benchmark energy use Learn about benchmarking Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools ENERGY STAR in action Communicate and educate

208

Measure, track, and benchmark | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measure, track, and benchmark Measure, track, and benchmark Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Tools for benchmarking energy management practices Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicators for plants

209

Simulation benchmarks for low-pressure plasmas: capacitive discharges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking is generally accepted as an important element in demonstrating the correctness of computer simulations. In the modern sense, a benchmark is a computer simulation result that has evidence of correctness, is accompanied by estimates of relevant errors, and which can thus be used as a basis for judging the accuracy and efficiency of other codes. In this paper, we present four benchmark cases related to capacitively coupled discharges. These benchmarks prescribe all relevant physical and numerical parameters. We have simulated the benchmark conditions using five independently developed particle-in-cell codes. We show that the results of these simulations are statistically indistinguishable, within bounds of uncertainty that we define. We therefore claim that the results of these simulations represent strong benchmarks, that can be used as a basis for evaluating the accuracy of other codes. These other codes could include other approaches than particle-in-cell simulations, where benchmarking could exa...

Turner, M M; Donko, Z; Eremin, D; Kelly, S J; Lafleur, T; Mussenbrock, T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, - Central Plant, Industry Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: industrial-energy.lbl.gov/node/100 Cost: Free Language: English References: Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool [1] Logo: Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool The Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool (BEST) is an Excel-based spreadsheet energy analysis tool developed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool (BEST) is an Excel-based spreadsheet energy analysis tool developed by Lawrence Berkeley National

211

Characterizing Quantum Gates via Randomized Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe and expand upon the scalable randomized benchmarking protocol proposed in Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 180504 (2011) which provides a method for benchmarking quantum gates and estimating the gate-dependence of the noise. The protocol allows the noise to have weak time and gate-dependence, and we provide a sufficient condition for the applicability of the protocol in terms of the average variation of the noise. We discuss how state preparation and measurement errors are taken into account and provide a complete proof of the scalability of the protocol. We establish a connection in special cases between the error rate provided by this protocol and the error strength measured using the diamond norm distance.

Easwar Magesan; Jay M. Gambetta; Joseph Emerson

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

212

Parton Distribution Benchmarking with LHC Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed comparison of the most recent sets of NNLO PDFs from the ABM, CT, HERAPDF, MSTW and NNPDF collaborations. We compare parton distributions at low and high scales and parton luminosities relevant for LHC phenomenology. We study the PDF dependence of LHC benchmark inclusive cross sections and differential distributions for electroweak boson and jet production in the cases in which the experimental covariance matrix is available. We quantify the agreement between data and theory by computing the chi2 for each data set with all the various PDFs. PDF comparisons are performed consistently for common values of the strong coupling. We also present a benchmark comparison of jet production at the LHC, comparing the results from various available codes and scale settings. Finally, we discuss the implications of the updated NNLO PDF sets for the combined PDF+alphaS uncertainty in the gluon fusion Higgs production cross section.

Richard D. Ball; Stefano Carrazza; Luigi Del Debbio; Stefano Forte; Jun Gao; Nathan Hartland; Joey Huston; Pavel Nadolsky; Juan Rojo; Daniel Stump; Robert S. Thorne; C. -P. Yuan

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

Measuring Performance and Benchmarking Project Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measuring Performance and Measuring Performance and Benchmarking Project Management at the Department of Energy Measuring Performance and Benchmarking Project Management at the Department of Energy Committee for Oversight and Assessment of U.S. Department of Energy Project Management Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. www.nap.edu THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the

214

Benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude assayed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper gives an assay of West Texas Intermediate, one of the world's market crudes. The price of this crude, known as WTI, is followed by market analysts, investors, traders, and industry managers around the world. WTI price is used as a benchmark for pricing all other US crude oils. The 41[degree] API WTI posted prices is the price paid for the crude at the wellhead in West Texas and is the true benchmark on which other US crudes are priced. The spot price is the negotiated price for short-term trades of the crude. And the New York Mercantile Exchange, or Nymex, price is a futures price for barrels delivered at Cushing.

Rhodes, A.K.

1994-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

A Simplified HTTR Diffusion Theory Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

The Georgia Institute of Technology (GA-Tech) recently developed a transport theory benchmark based closely on the geometry and the features of the HTTR reactor that is operational in Japan. Though simplified, the benchmark retains all the principal physical features of the reactor and thus provides a realistic and challenging test for the codes. The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first goal is an extension of the benchmark to diffusion theory applications by generating the additional data not provided in the GA-Tech prior work. The second goal is to use the benchmark on the HEXPEDITE code available to the INL. The HEXPEDITE code is a Green’s function-based neutron diffusion code in 3D hexagonal-z geometry. The results showed that the HEXPEDITE code accurately reproduces the effective multiplication factor of the reference HELIOS solution. A secondary, but no less important, conclusion is that in the testing against actual HTTR data of a full sequence of codes that would include HEXPEDITE, in the apportioning of inevitable discrepancies between experiment and models, the portion of error attributable to HEXPEDITE would be expected to be modest. If large discrepancies are observed, they would have to be explained by errors in the data fed into HEXPEDITE. Results based on a fully realistic model of the HTTR reactor are presented in a companion paper. The suite of codes used in that paper also includes HEXPEDITE. The results shown here should help that effort in the decision making process for refining the modeling steps in the full sequence of codes.

Rodolfo M. Ferrer; Abderrafi M. Ougouag; Farzad Rahnema

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

MESURE Tool to benchmark Java Card platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advent of the Java Card standard has been a major turning point in smart card technology. With the growing acceptance of this standard, understanding the performance behavior of these platforms is becoming crucial. To meet this need, we present in this paper a novel benchmarking framework to test and evaluate the performance of Java Card platforms. MESURE tool is the first framework which accuracy and effectiveness are independent from the particular Java Card platform tested and CAD used.

Bouzefrane, Samia; Paradinas, Pierre

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A PWR Thorium Pin Cell Burnup Benchmark  

SciTech Connect

As part of work to evaluate the potential benefits of using thorium in LWR fuel, a thorium fueled benchmark comparison was made in this study between state-of-the-art codes, MOCUP (MCNP4B + ORIGEN2), and CASMO-4 for burnup calculations. The MOCUP runs were done individually at MIT and INEEL, using the same model but with some differences in techniques and cross section libraries. Eigenvalue and isotope concentrations were compared on a PWR pin cell model up to high burnup. The eigenvalue comparison as a function of burnup is good: the maximum difference is within 2% and the average absolute difference less than 1%. The isotope concentration comparisons are better than a set of MOX fuel benchmarks and comparable to a set of uranium fuel benchmarks reported in the literature. The actinide and fission product data sources used in the MOCUP burnup calculations for a typical thorium fuel are documented. Reasons for code vs code differences are analyzed and discussed.

Weaver, Kevan Dean; Zhao, X.; Pilat, E. E; Hejzlar, P.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Introduction to the HPC Challenge Benchmark Suite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HPC Challenge benchmark suite has been released by the DARPA HPCS program to help define the performance boundaries of future Petascale computing systems. HPC Challenge is a suite of tests that examine the performance of HPC architectures using kernels with memory access patterns more challenging than those of the High Performance Linpack (HPL) benchmark used in the Top500 list. Thus, the suite is designed to augment the Top500 list, providing benchmarks that bound the performance of many real applications as a function of memory access characteristics e.g., spatial and temporal locality, and providing a framework for including additional tests. In particular, the suite is composed of several well known computational kernels (STREAM, HPL, matrix multiply--DGEMM, parallel matrix transpose--PTRANS, FFT, RandomAccess, and bandwidth/latency tests--b{sub eff}) that attempt to span high and low spatial and temporal locality space. By design, the HPC Challenge tests are scalable with the size of data sets being a function of the largest HPL matrix for the tested system.

Luszczek, Piotr; Dongarra, Jack J.; Koester, David; Rabenseifner,Rolf; Lucas, Bob; Kepner, Jeremy; McCalpin, John; Bailey, David; Takahashi, Daisuke

2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

219

Development of a California commercial building benchmarking database  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is a useful starting point for commercial building owners and operators to target energy savings opportunities. There are a number of tools and methods for benchmarking energy use. Benchmarking based on regional data can provides more relevant information for California buildings than national tools such as Energy Star. This paper discusses issues related to benchmarking commercial building energy use and the development of Cal-Arch, a building energy benchmarking database for California. Currently Cal-Arch uses existing survey data from California's Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), a largely underutilized wealth of information collected by California's major utilities. Doe's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is used by a similar tool, Arch, and by a number of other benchmarking tools. Future versions of Arch/Cal-Arch will utilize additional data sources including modeled data and individual buildings to expand the database.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

220

Cornell University Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electric Lighting Quality Electric Lighting Quality The CUSD lighting design team utilized energy efficient products that meshed well with our daylighting scheme. We chose to use fluorescent tubes or compact fluorescent bulbs with an energy consumption of between 15 and 30 Watts throughout the house. The ballasts for all lamps dim to a 1% light output, so the interior and exterior lights can be adjusted as the level of available daylight fluctuates. Light sensors have been placed in front of our two largest apertures, allowing us to control how much artificial light is supplied to each space. The control of our ballasts is intricate, but refined and tested to avoid dysfunctional dimming or switching. While automatic controls are included, manual user overrides are provided in case the occupant prefers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ABM11 parton distributions and benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a determination of the nucleon parton distribution functions (PDFs) and of the strong coupling constant $\\alpha_s$ at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in QCD based on the world data for deep-inelastic scattering and the fixed-target data for the Drell-Yan process. The analysis is performed in the fixed-flavor number scheme for $n_f=3,4,5$ and uses the $\\bar{MS}$ scheme for $\\alpha_s$ and the heavy quark masses. The fit results are compared with other PDFs and used to compute the benchmark cross sections at hadron colliders to the NNLO accuracy.

S. Alekhin; J. Bluemlein; S. -O. Moch

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

222

Robust randomized benchmarking of quantum processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a simple randomized benchmarking protocol for quantum information processors and obtain a sequence of models for the observable fidelity decay as a function of a perturbative expansion of the errors. We are able to prove that the protocol provides an efficient and reliable estimate of an average error-rate for a set operations (gates) under a general noise model that allows for both time and gate-dependent errors. We determine the conditions under which this estimate remains valid and illustrate the protocol through numerical examples.

Easwar Magesan; J. M. Gambetta; Joseph Emerson

2010-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Manufacturers' View on Benchmarking and Disclosure  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Association of Electrical and Association of Electrical and Medical Imaging Equipment Manufacturers Manufacturing Solutions for Energy Efficiency in Buildings Patrick Hughes Policy Director, High Performance Buildings National Electrical Manufacturers Association The Association of Electrical and Medical Imaging Equipment Manufacturers What is NEMA? The Association of Electrical Equipment and Medical Imaging Manufacturers Which policies encourage energy efficiency in buildings? Energy Savings Performance Contracts Tax Incentives Shaheen- Portman Benchmarking and Disclosure Bullitt Center Seattle, Washington The Association of Electrical Equipment and Medical Imaging Manufacturers Energy Savings Performance Contracts ESPCs pay for efficiency upgrades with

224

Matrix-free Interior Point Method for Compressed Sensing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 27, 2012 ... Matrix-free Interior Point Method for Compressed Sensing Problems. Kimon Fountoulakis (K.Fountoulakis ***at*** sms.ed.ac.uk) Jacek Gondzio ...

225

Information Geometry and Primal-Dual Interior-point Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 14, 2010 ... Abstract: In this paper, we study polynomial-time interior-point algorithms in view of information geometry. We introduce an information ...

226

Alaska Region Offshore GIS Data The US Department of Interior...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Region Offshore GIS Data The US Department of Interior's (DOI) Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) published GIS data of offshore information for...

227

FULL NESTEROV-TODD STEP INTERIOR-POINT METHODS FOR ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the unified study of IPMs (Interior-Point Methods) for symmetric cones [4]. ...... the (mutually orthogonal with respect to the trace inner product) components of the.

228

Institute of Computer Science Primal interior point method for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Primal interior point method for minimization of generalized minimax functions.

229

Chapter 26: Earth's Interior Did you read chapter 26  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The difference between science and "not science" How do we know anything about the Earth's Interior? Direct · Resulting shadow zone is bowl-

Hart, Gus

230

Indoor air quality and the emissions of VOCs from interior ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How to Cite. Tshudy, J. A. (1995), Indoor air quality and the emissions of VOCs from interior products. J Vinyl Addit Technol, 1: 155–158. doi: ...

231

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such...

232

Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance | ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial energy management Industrial energy management » Measure, track, and benchmark » Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Tools for benchmarking energy management practices

233

Energy Tips: Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here Home Buildings & Plants Energy Tips: Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login...

234

New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 26, 2001 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs. Isabel Rosseti ( rosseti ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br) Marcus Poggi de Aragão (poggi ...

235

Revised Benchmark Problem for modeling of metal flow and metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The literature is scarce when it comes to benchmark problems for MHD flow in a cell and those cases which are available often suffer from insufficient level of ...

236

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes an energy benchmarking framework for hospitals. The document is organized as follows. The introduction provides a brief primer on benchmarking and its application to hospitals. The next two sections discuss special considerations including the identification of normalizing factors. The presentation of metrics is preceded by a description of the overall framework and the rationale for the grouping of metrics. Following the presentation of metrics, a high-level protocol is provided. The next section presents draft benchmarks for some metrics; benchmarks are not available for many metrics owing to a lack of data. This document ends with a list of research needs for further development.

Singer, Brett C.

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hospital Energy Benchmarking Guidance - Version 1.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Region Benchmarks 1 Source & notes HOSPITAL BUILDING ENERGYbenchmarks are based on hospital energy end use estimates presented on LBNL’s EnergyIQ commercial building

Singer, Brett C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Benchmark Results for TraPPE Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Benchmark results for TraPPE Carbon Dioxide. The purpose of these pages is to provide some explicit results from Monte ...

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

Use Energy Information Services to Benchmark with ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

service products that meet different customer needs including: > Utility Bill Management: ENERGY STAR automated benchmarking, utility tracking, bill processing and payment,...

240

NERSC-6 Workload Analysis and Benchmark Selection Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Characteristics for NERSC?6 Benchmarks. *CI isScience-Driven Computing: NERSC’s Plan for 2006–2010,”Erich Strohmaier, “The NERSC Sustained System Performance (

Antypas, Katie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 2: Benchmarking ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency upgrades presented in an easy-to-understand framework designed especially for ENERGY STAR partners. This 12-page chapter defines benchmarking, what successful...

242

Tools for benchmarking energy management practices | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

benchmarking energy management practices Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

243

Commissioning and benchmarking a 3D dosimetry system for clinical use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 3D dosimetry system is described which consists of two parts: a radiochromic plastic dosimeter PRESAGE (which responds to absorbed dose with a linear change in optical-density) and the Duke large-field-of-view optical-CT scanner (DLOS). The DLOS/PRESAGE system has recently been commissioned and benchmarked for clinical use and, in particular, for verification and commissioning of complex radiation treatments. Methods: DLOS commissioning involved determining the dynamic range, spatial resolution, noise, temporal, and other characteristics of the light source and imaging components. Benchmarking tests were performed on the combined DLOS/PRESAGE system to establish baseline dosimetric performance. The tests consisted of delivering simple radiation treatments to PRESAGE dosimeters, and comparing the measured 3D relative dose distributions with the known gold standard. The gold standard distribution was obtained from machine beam-data or the treatment planning system (TPS). All studies used standardized procedures to ensure consistency. Results: For commissioning, isotropic spatial resolution was submillimeter (MTF > 0.5 for frequencies of 1.5 lp/mm) and the dynamic range was {approx}60 dB. Flood field uniformity was within 10% and stable after 45 min of warm-up. Stray-light is small, due to telecentricity, but even the residual can be removed through deconvolution by a point-spread-function. For benchmarking, the mean 3D passing NDD (normalized dose distribution) rate (3%, 3mm, 5% dose threshold) over the benchmark data sets was 97.3% {+-} 0.6% (range 96%-98%), which is on par with other planar dosimeters used in external beam radiation therapy indicating excellent agreement. Noise was low at commissioning and verification of complex therapy treatments.

Thomas, Andrew; Newton, Joseph; Adamovics, John; Oldham, Mark [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648 (United States); Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Updated Post-WMAP Benchmarks for Supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We update a previously-proposed set of supersymmetric benchmark scenarios, taking into account the precise constraints on the cold dark matter density obtained by combining WMAP and other cosmological data, as well as the LEP and b -> s gamma constraints. We assume that R parity is conserved and work within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM) with universal soft supersymmetry-breaking scalar and gaugino masses m_0 and m_1/2. In most cases, the relic density calculated for the previous benchmarks may be brought within the WMAP range by reducing slightly m_0, but in two cases more substantial changes in m_0 and m_1/2 are made. Since the WMAP constraint reduces the effective dimensionality of the CMSSM parameter space, one may study phenomenology along `WMAP lines' in the (m_1/2, m_0) plane that have acceptable amounts of dark matter. We discuss the production, decays and detectability of sparticles along these lines, at the LHC and at linear e+ e- colliders in the sub- and multi-TeV ranges, stressing the complementarity of hadron and lepton colliders, and with particular emphasis on the neutralino sector. Finally, we preview the accuracy with which one might be able to predict the density of supersymmetric cold dark matter using collider measurements.

M. Battaglia; A. De Roeck; J. Ellis; F. Gianotti; K. A. Olive; L. Pape

2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Snowmass Points and Slopes: Benchmarks for SUSY Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Snowmass Points and Slopes'' (SPS) are a set of benchmark points and parameter lines in the MSSM parameter space corresponding to different scenarios in the search for Supersymmetry at present and future experiments. This set of benchmarks was agreed upon at the 2001 ``Snowmass Workshop on the Future of Particle Physics'' as a consensus based on different existing proposals.

B. C. Allanach; M. Battaglia; G. A. Blair; M. Carena; A. De Roeck; A. Dedes; A. Djouadi; D. Gerdes; N. Ghodbane; J. Gunion; H. E. Haber; T. Han; S. Heinemeyer; J. L. Hewett; I. Hinchliffe; J. Kalinowski; H. E. Logan; S. P. Martin; H. -U. Martyn; K. T. Matchev; S. Moretti; F. Moortgat; G. Moortgat-Pick; S. Mrenna; U. Nauenberg; Y. Okada; K. A. Olive; W. Porod; M. Schmitt; S. Su; C. E. M. Wagner; G. Weiglein; J. Wells; G. W. Wilson; P. Zerwas

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

246

Synthetic benchmark for modeling flow in 3D fractured media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intensity and localization of flows in fractured media have promoted the development of a large range of different modeling approaches including Discrete Fracture Networks, pipe networks and equivalent continuous media. While benchmarked usually within ... Keywords: Benchmark, Fractured media, Single-phase flow, Stochastic model

Jean-Raynald De Dreuzy; GéRaldine Pichot; Baptiste Poirriez; Jocelyne Erhel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

From Aardvark to Zorro: A Benchmark for Mammal Image Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current object recognition systems aim at recognizing numerous object classes under limited supervision conditions. This paper provides a benchmark for evaluating progress on this fundamental task. Several methods have recently proposed to utilize the ... Keywords: Animals, Annotation, Benchmark, Database, Dataset, Machine learning, Mammals, Multiclass, Natural images, Object recognition, Svm

Michael Fink; Shimon Ullman

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

HPC Global File System Performance Analysis Using A Scientific-Application Derived Benchmark  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scienti?c-Application Derived Benchmark. In Proc. SC07: HighMonterey, CA, April 11-14 2005. [9] Flash io benchmark.www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/pio-benchmark/. [10] W. Gropp, E. Lusk,

Borrill, Julian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Do Benchmarks Matter? Do Measures Matter? A Study of Monthly Mutual Fund Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USING 279 MUTUAL FUNDS Benchmark: Time Series t-statistic:FOR 3 MEASURES WITH 4 BENCHMARKS USING 109 PASSIVE TEST120 MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS BENCHMARK: EW INDEX 10 FACTORS P8

Grinblatt, Mark; Titman, Sheridan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Review of California and National Methods for Energy Performance Benchmarking of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmark the energy performance of California’s buildings.benchmark the energy performance of California’s buildings.benchmark with quantitative statistics guiding the building evaluation. Energy

Matson, Nance E.; Piette, Mary Ann

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Benchmark energy use | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmark energy use Benchmark energy use Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Build an energy program Improve building and plant performance Earn the ENERGY STAR and other recognition Benchmark energy use Learn about benchmarking Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools ENERGY STAR in action Communicate and educate Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR

252

Energy Efficient Cities: Assessment Tool and Benchmarking Practices | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efficient Cities: Assessment Tool and Benchmarking Practices Efficient Cities: Assessment Tool and Benchmarking Practices Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Energy Efficient Cities: Assessment Tool and Benchmarking Practices Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Industry Topics: Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/sites/esmap.org/files/P115793_Energy%20Efficient%2 Energy Efficient Cities: Assessment Tool and Benchmarking Practices Screenshot References: EE Cities[1] Overview "Energy Efficient Cities: Assessment Tools and Benchmarking Practices has been developed from a careful review of selected papers presented during two ESMAP-sponsored sessions at the fifth World Bank Urban Research

253

Benchmarking Buildings to Prioritize Sites for Emissions Analysis |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benchmarking Buildings to Prioritize Sites for Emissions Analysis Benchmarking Buildings to Prioritize Sites for Emissions Analysis Benchmarking Buildings to Prioritize Sites for Emissions Analysis October 7, 2013 - 10:54am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 When actual energy use by building type is known, benchmarking the performance of those buildings to industry averages can help establish those with greatest opportunities for GHG reduction. Energy intensity can be used as a basis for benchmarking by building type and can be calculated using actual energy use, representative buildings, or available average estimates from agency energy records. Energy intensity should be compared to industry averages, such as the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) or an agency specific metered sample by location. When a program has access to metered data or representative building data,

254

Learn about benchmarking | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Learn about benchmarking Learn about benchmarking Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Build an energy program Improve building and plant performance Earn the ENERGY STAR and other recognition Benchmark energy use Learn about benchmarking Use ENERGY STAR benchmarking tools ENERGY STAR in action Communicate and educate Find out who's partnered with ENERGY STAR

255

Developing a Web-based Benchmarking Tool for Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Developing a Web-based Benchmarking Tool for Laboratories Developing a Web-based Benchmarking Tool for Laboratories Speaker(s): Mayank Singh Date: November 22, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Dale Sartor (The EETD Applications Team includes: Satish Kumar, Paul Mathew, Dale Sartor, and Mayank Singh.) Developers of benchmarking tools are confronted with some common issues and some unique challenges. This presentation will describe the challenges faced by us while developing a web-based benchmarking tool for laboratories. Attributes such as the i) analytical and data visualization capability, and ii) flexibility and usability of the tool are common to any benchmarking effort. The various classification scheme and categories of laboratories, each with its own energy signature, posed a design challenge both for the database as well as data input forms,

256

PROJECT: LOM 437 Interior Build Out  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROJECT: PROJECT: LOM 437 Interior Build Out - LOCATION: 9700 South Cass Avenue Lemont, IL 60439 M T W T F S S M T W T F S S M T W T F S S 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Trinidad Litgen West Elsdon Trinidad Hill/Ahern x x x x x x McCauley x x x x x McCauley x x x x x McCauley x x x x x x x x x x x x x x West Elsdon x x x x x x x x Trinidad x x Trinidad D&M x x McCauley x x x x x x x McCauley x x x x x x x West Elsdon x x x x x x x Trinidad x x x x x D&M x x Trinidad x x x x x West Elsdon x x x x West Elsdon x x x x Trinidad x x x Frame hallway walls in pentagons A, B, D & E Install duct work in pentagons D & E Install piping in pentagons D & E Rough in electrical for floor boxes Complete Install insulation in Pentagons D&E Complete Complete Commets SUBCONTRACTOR Relocated sprinkler line for mechanical rough in Pentagons A & B DESCRIPTION OF WORK Above ceiling electrical in Pentagons D & E

257

Light-Light Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

Kanda, Naohiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Light-Light Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

Naohiro Kanda

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

259

Benchmarking PDR models against the Horsehead edge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To prepare for the unprecedented spatial and spectral resolution provided by ALMA and Herschel/HIFI, chemical models are being benchmarked against each other. It is obvious that chemical models also need well-constrained observations that can serve as references. Photo-dissociation regions (PDRs) are particularly well suited to serve as references because they make the link between diffuse and molecular clouds, thus enabling astronomers to probe a large variety of physical and chemical processes. At a distance of 400 pc (1" corresponding to 0.002 pc), the Horsehead PDR is very close to the prototypical kind of source (i.e. 1D, edge-on) needed to serve as a reference to models.

Jérôme Pety; Javier R. Goicoechea; Maryvonne Gerin; Pierre Hily-Blant; David Teyssier; Evelyne Roueff; Emilie Habart; Alain Abergel

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

260

Review of National and California Benchmarking Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of California and National Methods for Review of California and National Methods for Energy-Performance Benchmarking of Commercial Buildings Nance E. Matson and Mary Ann Piette Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory September 5 th , 2005 LBNL No. 57364 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Power Benchmarking Framework for Network Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Energy efficiency is becoming increasingly important in the operation of networking infrastructure, especially in enterprise and data center networks. Researchers have proposed several strategies for energy management of networking devices. However, we need a comprehensive characterization of power consumption by a variety of switches and routers to accurately quantify the savings from the various power savings schemes. In this paper, we first describe the hurdles in network power instrumentation and present a power measurement study of a variety of networking gear such as hubs, edge switches, core switches, routers and wireless access points in both stand-alone mode and a production data center. We build and describe a benchmarking suite that will allow users to measure and compare the power consumed for a large set of common configurations at any switch or router of their choice. We also propose a network energy proportionality index, which is an easily measurable metric, to compare power consumption behaviors of multiple devices.

Priya Mahadevan; Puneet Sharma; Sujata Banerjee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To design and develop capable, dependable, and affordable intelligent systems, their performance must be measurable. Scientific methodologies for standardization and benchmarking are crucial for quantitatively evaluating the performance of emerging robotic and intelligent systems technologies. There is currently no accepted standard for quantitatively measuring the performance of these systems against user-defined requirements; and furthermore, there is no consensus on what objective evaluation procedures need to be followed to understand the performance of these systems. The lack of reproducible and repeatable test methods has precluded researchers working towards a common goal from exchanging and communicating results, inter-comparing system performance, and leveraging previous work that could otherwise avoid duplication and expedite technology transfer. Currently, this lack of cohesion in the community hinders progress in many domains, such as manufacturing, service, healthcare, and security. By providing the research community with access to standardized tools, reference data sets, and open source libraries of solutions, researchers and consumers will be able to evaluate the cost and benefits associated with intelligent systems and associated technologies. In this vein, the edited book volume addresses performance evaluation and metrics for intelligent systems, in general, while emphasizing the need and solutions for standardized methods. To the knowledge of the editors, there is not a single book on the market that is solely dedicated to the subject of performance evaluation and benchmarking of intelligent systems. Even books that address this topic do so only marginally or are out of date. The research work presented in this volume fills this void by drawing from the experiences and insights of experts gained both through theoretical development and practical implementation of intelligent systems in a variety of diverse application domains. The book presents a detailed and coherent picture of state-of-the-art, recent developments, and further research areas in intelligent systems.

Madhavan, Raj [ORNL; Messina, Elena [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Tunstel, Edward [JHU Applied Physics Laboratory

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Benchmark Study on Casting Residual Stress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stringent regulatory requirements, such as Tier IV norms, have pushed the cast iron for automotive applications to its limit. The castings need to be designed with closer tolerances by incorporating hitherto unknowns, such as residual stresses arising due to thermal gradients, phase and microstructural changes during solidification phenomenon. Residual stresses were earlier neglected in the casting designs by incorporating large factors of safety. Experimental measurement of residual stress in a casting through neutron or X-ray diffraction, sectioning or hole drilling, magnetic, electric or photoelastic measurements is very difficult and time consuming exercise. A detailed multi-physics model, incorporating thermo-mechanical and phase transformation phenomenon, provides an attractive alternative to assess the residual stresses generated during casting. However, before relying on the simulation methodology, it is important to rigorously validate the prediction capability by comparing it to experimental measurements. In the present work, a benchmark study was undertaken for casting residual stress measurements through neutron diffraction, which was subsequently used to validate the accuracy of simulation prediction. The stress lattice specimen geometry was designed such that subsequent castings would generate adequate residual stresses during solidification and cooling, without any cracks. The residual stresses in the cast specimen were measured using neutron diffraction. Considering the difficulty in accessing the neutron diffraction facility, these measurements can be considered as benchmark for casting simulation validations. Simulations were performed using the identical specimen geometry and casting conditions for predictions of residual stresses. The simulation predictions were found to agree well with the experimentally measured residual stresses. The experimentally validated model can be subsequently used to predict residual stresses in different cast components. This enables incorporation of the residual stresses at the design phase along with external loads for accurate predictions of fatigue and fracture performance of the cast components.

Johnson, Eric M. [John Deere -- Moline Tech Center; Watkins, Thomas R [ORNL; Schmidlin, Joshua E [ORNL; Dutler, S. A. [MAGMA Foundry Technologies, Inc.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A nine year study of file system and storage benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking is critical when evaluating performance, but is especially difficult for file and storage systems. Complex interactions between I/O devices, caches, kernel daemons, and other OS components result in behavior that is rather difficult to analyze. Moreover, systems have different features and optimizations, so no single benchmark is always suitable. The large variety of workloads that these systems experience in the real world also adds to this difficulty. In this article we survey 415 file system and storage benchmarks from 106 recent papers. We found that most popular benchmarks are flawed and many research papers do not provide a clear indication of true performance. We provide guidelines that we hope will improve future performance evaluations. To show how some widely used benchmarks can conceal or overemphasize overheads, we conducted a set of experiments. As a specific example, slowing down read operations on ext2 by a factor of 32 resulted in only a 2–5 % wall-clock slowdown in a popular compile benchmark. Finally, we discuss future work to improve file system and storage benchmarking.

Avishay Traeger; Erez Zadok; Nikolai Joukov; Charles P. Wright

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Performance of T12 and T8 Fluorescent Lamps and Troffers and LED Linear Replacement Lamps CALiPER Benchmark Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Commercially Available LED Product Evaluation and Reporting (CALiPER) Program was established in 2006 to investigate the performance of light-emitting diode (LED) based luminaires and replacement lamps. To help users better compare LED products with conventional lighting technologies, CALiPER has also performed benchmark research and testing of traditional (i.e., non-LED) lamps and fixtures. This benchmark report addresses standard 4-foot fluorescent lamps (i.e., T12 and T8) and the 2-foot by 4-foot recessed troffers in which they are commonly used. This report also examines available LED replacements for T12 and T8 fluorescent lamps, and their application in fluorescent troffers. The construction and operation of linear fluorescent lamps and troffers are discussed, as well as fluorescent lamp and fixture performance, based on manufacturer data and CALiPER benchmark testing. In addition, the report describes LED replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, and compares their bare lamp and in situ performance with fluorescent benchmarks on a range of standard lighting measures, including power usage, light output and distribution, efficacy, correlated color temperature, and the color rendering index. Potential performance and application issues indicated by CALiPER testing results are also examined.

Myer, Michael; Paget, Maria L.; Lingard, Robert D.

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

266

Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Nitrate Solution Arrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In October and November of 1981 thirteen approach-to-critical experiments were performed on a remote split table machine (RSTM) in the Critical Mass Laboratory of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Richland, Washington, using planar arrays of polyethylene bottles filled with plutonium (Pu) nitrate solution. Arrays of up to sixteen bottles were used to measure the critical number of bottles and critical array spacing with a tight fitting Plexiglas{reg_sign} reflector on all sides of the arrays except the top. Some experiments used Plexiglas shells fitted around each bottles to determine the effect of moderation on criticality. Each bottle contained approximately 2.4 L of Pu(NO3)4 solution with a Pu content of 105 g Pu/L and a free acid molarity H+ of 5.1. The plutonium was of low 240Pu (2.9 wt.%) content. These experiments were performed to fill a gap in experimental data regarding criticality limits for storing and handling arrays of Pu solution in reprocessing facilities. Of the thirteen approach-to-critical experiments eleven resulted in extrapolations to critical configurations. Four of the approaches were extrapolated to the critical number of bottles; these were not evaluated further due to the large uncertainty associated with the modeling of a fraction of a bottle. The remaining seven approaches were extrapolated to critical array spacing of 3-4 and 4-4 arrays; these seven critical configurations were evaluation for inclusion as acceptable benchmark experiments in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbook. Detailed and simple models of these configurations were created and the associated bias of these simplifications was determined to range from 0.00116 and 0.00162 {+-} 0.00006 ?keff. Monte Carlo analysis of all models was completed using MCNP5 with ENDF/BVII.0 neutron cross section libraries. A thorough uncertainty analysis of all critical, geometric, and material parameters was performed using parameter perturbation methods. It was found that uncertainty in the impurities in the polyethylene bottles, reflector position, bottle outer diameter, and critical array spacing had the largest effect. The total uncertainty ranged from 0.00651 to 0.00920 ?keff. Evaluation methods and results will be presented and discussed in greater detail in the full paper.

M. A. Marshall; J. D. Bess

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Departments of Energy and Interior Announce $26.6 Million in...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Announce 26.6 Million in Funding to Develop Advanced Hydropower Technologies Departments of Energy and Interior Announce 26.6 Million in Funding to Develop Advanced...

268

U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy Demonstration Projects in the Nevada Desert U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy Demonstration...

269

United States Department of Interior | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interior Interior Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United States Department of Interior Name United States Department of Interior Address 1849 C Street NW Place Washington, District of Columbia Year founded 1849 Website http://www.doi.gov/index.cfm Coordinates 38.8936749°, -77.0425236° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8936749,"lon":-77.0425236,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes January 9, 2014 - 11:11am Addthis On December 23, Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs Kevin K. Washburn announced that the U.S. Department of the Interior's (DOI's) Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) is soliciting grant proposals from Indian Tribes and Alaska Native regional and village corporations for projects to 1) build tribal capacity for energy resource development and 2) promote the processing, use, or development of energy and mineral resources on Indian lands. Tribal Energy Development Capacity-Building Grant Proposals Applications Due: February 18, 2014 Eligible Entities: Federally recognized Tribes, including Alaska Native

271

Property:Building/InteriorHeight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building/InteriorHeight Building/InteriorHeight Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Interior height, m Pages using the property "Building/InteriorHeight" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 3.5 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2.8 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 3.5 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 3.2 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 3 + Sweden Building 05K0018 + 3 +

272

Estimates of Power Consumed by Mixing in the Ocean Interior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much attention has focused on the power required for driving mixing processes in the ocean interior, the thermohaline circulation, and the related meridional overturning circulation (MOC). Recent estimates range from roughly 0.5 to 2 TW (1 TW = 1 ...

Louis St. Laurent; Harper Simmons

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

LBNL-4417E Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBNL-4417E Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images K. Konis, E.S. Lee, R.D....

274

Edens islands rooms : the project of the urban interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The privately owned public interior, defined here as an enclosed urban space owned by a private entity, has been a recurrent character of many 20th century liberal cities. It has today found an epitome in the mega-structural ...

Mahindroo, Amrita

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Decathlon 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Decathlon 2011 Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Decathlon 2011 February 23, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON -- The Department of Energy and the Department of the Interior today announced that the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011 will be held at the National Mall's West Potomac Park, on the banks of the Potomac River along the path between the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials. Specifically, the event will be held on the peninsula just south of the new Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial - scheduled to open in August of this year - between the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial and the Potomac River. The Decathlon will begin in late September as originally

276

European Lean Gasoline Direct Injection Vehicle Benchmark  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lean Gasoline Direct Injection (LGDI) combustion is a promising technical path for achieving significant improvements in fuel efficiency while meeting future emissions requirements. Though Stoichiometric Gasoline Direct Injection (SGDI) technology is commercially available in a few vehicles on the American market, LGDI vehicles are not, but can be found in Europe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) obtained a European BMW 1-series fitted with a 2.0l LGDI engine. The vehicle was instrumented and commissioned on a chassis dynamometer. The engine and after-treatment performance and emissions were characterized over US drive cycles (Federal Test Procedure (FTP), the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET), and US06 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure (US06)) and steady state mappings. The vehicle micro hybrid features (engine stop-start and intelligent alternator) were benchmarked as well during the course of that study. The data was analyzed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of the lean gasoline direct injection and micro hybrid technologies from a fuel economy and emissions perspectives with respect to the US market. Additionally that data will be formatted to develop, substantiate, and exercise vehicle simulations with conventional and advanced powertrains.

Chambon, Paul H [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Norman, Kevin M [ORNL; Prikhodko, Vitaly Y [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Analysisi Benchmark of the Single Heater Test  

SciTech Connect

The Single Heater Test (SHT) is the first of three in-situ thermal tests included in the site characterization program for the potential nuclear waste monitored geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. The heating phase of the SHT started in August 1996 and was concluded in May 1997 after 9 months of heating. Cooling continued until January 1998, at which time post-test characterization of the test block commenced. Numerous thermal, hydrological, mechanical, and chemical sensors monitored the coupled processes in the unsaturated fractured rock mass around the heater (CRWMS M&O 1999). The objective of this calculation is to benchmark a numerical simulation of the rock mass thermal behavior against the extensive data set that is available from the thermal test. The scope is limited to three-dimensional (3-D) numerical simulations of the computational domain of the Single Heater Test and surrounding rock mass. This calculation supports the waste package thermal design methodology, and is developed by Waste Package Department (WPD) under Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) procedure AP-3.12Q, Revision 0, ICN 3, BSCN 1, Calculations.

H.M. Wade; H. Marr; M.J. Anderson

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

278

LED Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are light sources that differ from more traditional sources of light in that they are semiconductor devices that produce light when an electrical current is applied....

279

Light collection device for flame emission detectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This report describes a light collection device for use in a flame emission detection system such as an on-line, real-time alkali concentration process stream monitor. The device comprises a sphere coated on its interior with a highly diffuse reflective paint which is positioned over a flame emission source and one or more fiber optic cables which transfer the light generated at the interior of the sphere to a detecting device. The diffuse scattering of the light emitted by the flame uniformly distributes the light in the sphere, and the collection efficiency of the device is greater than that obtainable in the prior art. The device of the present invention thus provides enhanced sensitivity and reduces the noise associated with flame emission detectors, and can achieve substantial improvements in alkali detection levels. 2 figs.

Woodruff, S.D.; Logan, R.G.; Pineault, R.L.

1989-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

280

Light collection device for flame emission detectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A light collection device for use in a flame emission detection system such as an on-line, real-time alkali concentration process stream monitor is disclosed which comprises a sphere coated on its interior with a highly diffuse reflective paint which is positioned over a flame emission source, and one or more fiber optic cables which transfer the light generated at the interior of the sphere to a detecting device. The diffuse scattering of the light emitted by the flame uniformly distributes the light in the sphere, and the collection efficiency of the device is greater than that obtainable in the prior art. The device of the present invention thus provides enhanced sensitivity and reduces the noise associated with flame emission detectors, and can achieve substantial improvements in alkali detection levels.

Woodruff, Stephen D. (Morgantown, WV); Logan, Ronald G. (Morgantown, WV); Pineault, Richard L. (Morgantown, WV)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Benchmarking Optimization Software with COPS 3.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 11, 2004 ... Benchmarking Optimization Software with COPS 3.0. Elizabeth D. Dolan (dolan * **at*** cs.unc.edu) Jorge J. More' (more ***at*** mcs.anl.gov)

282

An Independent Benchmarking of SDP and SOCP Solvers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 23, 2001 ... The codes were run on a standard platform and on all the benchmark problems provided by the organizers of the challenge. A total of ten codes ...

283

The Extreme Benchmark Suite: Measuring High-Performance Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Extreme Benchmark Suite (XBS) is designed to support performance measurement of highly parallel “extreme ” processors, many of which are designed to replace custom hardware implementations. XBS is designed to avoid many of the problems that occur when using existing benchmark suites with nonstandard and experimental architectures. In particular, XBS is intended to provide a fair comparison of a wide range of architectures, from general-purpose processors to hard-wired ASIC implementations. XBS has a clean modular structure to reduce porting effort, and is designed to be usable with slow cycle-accurate simulators. This work presents the motivation for the creation of XBS and describes in detail the XBS framework. Several benchmarks implemented with this framework are discussed, and these benchmarks are used to compare a standard platform, an experimental architecture, and custom

Steven Gerding; Krste Asanovi?

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Towards Systematic Benchmarking in Answer Set Programming: The Dagstuhl Initiative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for di#erent designs of a benchmarking and testing environment for ASP, we used the systems competition at the Dagstuhl Seminar. The following answer set programming systems participated in that initial competition. -- aspps, University of Kentucky, -- assat, UST Hong Kong, -- cmodels, University of Texas, -- dlv, Technical University of Vienna, -- smodels, Technical University of Helsinki. # A#liated with the School of Computing Science at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. The di#culty that emerged right away was that these systems do not have a common input language nor do they agree on all functionalities. This led to the introduction of three di#erent (major) categories of benchmarks: Ground: Ground instances of coded benchmarks. As of now, these ground instances are produced by lparse or by the dlv grounder. These benchmarks can be used to test the performance of ASP solvers accepting as input ground (propositional) programs in output formats of lparse or the dlv

Paul Borchert; Christian Anger; Torsten Schaub; Miroslaw Truszczynski

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

A Benchmark Simulation for Moist Nonhydrostatic Numerical Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A benchmark solution that facilitates testing the accuracy, efficiency, and efficacy of moist nonhydrostatic numerical model formulations and assumptions is presented. The solution is created from a special configuration of moist model processes ...

George H. Bryan; J. Michael Fritsch

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A Moist Benchmark Calculation for Atmospheric General Circulation Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A benchmark calculation is designed to compare the climate and climate sensitivity of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs). The experimental setup basically follows that of the aquaplanet experiment (APE) proposed by Neale and Hoskins, ...

Myong-In Lee; Max J. Suarez; In-Sik Kang; Isaac M. Held; Daehyun Kim

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Spread narrows between Brent and WTI crude oil benchmark prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spot prices for benchmarks West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and North Sea Brent crude oil neared parity of around $109 per barrel July 19, and the Brent-WTI spread was ...

288

The Extreme Benchmark Suite : measuring high-performance embedded systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Extreme Benchmark Suite (XBS) is designed to support performance measurement of highly parallel "extreme" processors, many of which are designed to replace custom hardware implementations. XBS is designed to avoid many ...

Gerding, Steven (Steven Bradley)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Benchmarking of OEM Hybrid Electric Vehicles at NREL: Milestone Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A milestone report that describes the NREL's progress and activities related to the DOE FY2001 Annual Operating Plan milestone entitled ''Benchmark 2 new production or pre-production hybrids with ADVISOR.''

Kelly, K. J.; Rajagopalan, A.

2001-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

290

A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise, or INPBE, in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or “nanofluids,” was ...

Buongiorno, Jacopo

291

Benchmarking the Mean Streets of NYC and Beyond  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking the Mean Streets of NYC and Beyond Speaker(s): Conor Laver Date: September 30, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Louis-Benoit...

292

Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated December 2009  

SciTech Connect

The Benchmark represents typical construction at a fixed point in time so it can be used as the basis for Building America's multi-year energy savings goals without chasing a 'moving target.'

Hendron, R.; Engebrecht, C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

SIMULATE-E benchmarking of pilgrim nuclear power station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CASMO-SIMULATE-E methodology is bench-marked to qualify its ability to determine power distributions and critical eigenvalues, k/sub eff/. Once the biases and uncertainties in this methodology are quantified, CASMO/SIMULATE-E will be utilized to generate reload fuel patterns and control rod sequences, and to provide operational support for Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station (PNPS). Only the results of the hot SIMULATE-E benchmarking are presented here.

DeWitt, G.L.; Hu, L.C.; Antonopoulos, P.T.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Benchmark Evaluation of the NRAD Reactor LEU Core Startup Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor is a 250-kW TRIGA-(Training, Research, Isotope Production, General Atomics)-conversion-type reactor at the Idaho National Laboratory; it is primarily used for neutron radiography analysis of irradiated and unirradiated fuels and materials. The NRAD reactor was converted from HEU to LEU fuel with 60 fuel elements and brought critical on March 31, 2010. This configuration of the NRAD reactor has been evaluated as an acceptable benchmark experiment and is available in the 2011 editions of the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments (ICSBEP Handbook) and the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhEP Handbook). Significant effort went into precisely characterizing all aspects of the reactor core dimensions and material properties; detailed analyses of reactor parameters minimized experimental uncertainties. The largest contributors to the total benchmark uncertainty were the 234U, 236U, Er, and Hf content in the fuel; the manganese content in the stainless steel cladding; and the unknown level of water saturation in the graphite reflector blocks. A simplified benchmark model of the NRAD reactor was prepared with a keff of 1.0012 {+-} 0.0029 (1s). Monte Carlo calculations with MCNP5 and KENO-VI and various neutron cross section libraries were performed and compared with the benchmark eigenvalue for the 60-fuel-element core configuration; all calculated eigenvalues are between 0.3 and 0.8% greater than the benchmark value. Benchmark evaluations of the NRAD reactor are beneficial in understanding biases and uncertainties affecting criticality safety analyses of storage, handling, or transportation applications with LEU-Er-Zr-H fuel.

J. D. Bess; T. L. Maddock; M. A. Marshall

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Evolving e-government benchmarking to better cover technology development and emerging societal needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many international e-government benchmarks seek to measure progress towards various versions of a digital society, and in this endeavor include a component of e-government. But because comparable international e-government data are scarce, most reports ... Keywords: United Nations, benchmarking framework, benchmarking tools, benchmarking trends, e-government, technology trends

Kim Andreasson; Jeremy Millard; Mikael Snaprud

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Strategies for energy benchmarking in cleanrooms and laboratory-type facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benchmark by the actual energy consumption (Figure 4). The effectiveness metrics from multiple buildings

Sartor, Dale; Piette, Mary Ann; Tschudi, William; Fok, Stephen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

298

Fluorescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics October 17, 2013 - 5:39pm Addthis Light from a fluorescent lamp is first created by an electric current conducted through an inert gas producing ultraviolet light that is invisible to the human eye. The ultraviolet light in turn interacts with special blends of phosphors coating the interior surface of the fluorescent lamp tube that efficiently converts the invisible light into useful white light. Fluorescent lamps require a special power supply called a ballast that is needed to regulate lamp operating current and provide a compatible start-up voltage. Electronic ballasts perform the same function as a magnetic ballast but outperform the outdated magnetic products by operating at a very high frequency that eliminates flicker and noise while

299

Lighting Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls Lighting Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Lighting Controls The lighting controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The lighting controls system specified by the Times Company for its new headquarters building is a DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) based system with dimmable fixtures throughout the interior space. This allows the system to dim down the electric lighting in response to daylight admittance. It also provides for variable target set points for illuminance levels at the work plane. The Times Company intends to establish and adjust target set points on a departmental basis. The lighting control sequences are described within the specification 16575. These sequences utilize occupancy sensors, photo sensors, switches and a time clock to control the lighting in the interior space on each floor. The emergency lighting system is also described within the specification. The lighting control sequences are tied to Control Intent Diagrams that divide up the space on each floor into its various control zones. The overall intent is to provide electric light only when the space is occupied and to provide as little electric light as is necessary to achieve the target set point for the work plane in a given department. A department usually occupies multiple floors.

300

Interior Board of Land Appeals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interior Board of Land Appeals Interior Board of Land Appeals Jump to: navigation, search Name Interior Board of Land Appeals Address 801 N. Quincy Street, Suite 300 Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22203 Phone number 703-235-9902 Website http://www.oha.doi.gov/about_i Coordinates 38.880369°, -77.107316° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.880369,"lon":-77.107316,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Time Evolution of Entanglement Entropy from Black Hole Interiors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the time-dependent entanglement entropy of a CFT which starts in relatively simple initial states. The initial states are the thermofield double for thermal states, dual to eternal black holes, and a particular pure state, dual to a black hole formed by gravitational collapse. The entanglement entropy grows linearly in time. This linear growth is directly related to the growth of the black hole interior measured along "nice" spatial slices. These nice slices probe the spacelike direction in the interior, at a fixed special value of the interior time. In the case of a two-dimensional CFT, we match the bulk and boundary computations of the entanglement entropy. We briefly discuss the long time behavior of various correlators, computed via classical geodesics or surfaces, and point out that their exponential decay comes about for similar reasons. We also present the time evolution of the wavefunction in the tensor network description.

Thomas Hartman; Juan Maldacena

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

302

Time Evolution of Entanglement Entropy from Black Hole Interiors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the time-dependent entanglement entropy of a CFT which starts in relatively simple initial states. The initial states are the thermofield double for thermal states, dual to eternal black holes, and a particular pure state, dual to a black hole formed by gravitational collapse. The entanglement entropy grows linearly in time. This linear growth is directly related to the growth of the black hole interior measured along "nice" spatial slices. These nice slices probe the spacelike direction in the interior, at a fixed special value of the interior time. In the case of a two-dimensional CFT, we match the bulk and boundary computations of the entanglement entropy. We briefly discuss the long time behavior of various correlators, computed via classical geodesics or surfaces, and point out that their exponential decay comes about for similar reasons. We also present the time evolution of the wavefunction in the tensor network description.

Hartman, Thomas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Lighting Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Lighting is very critical in photography. The specimen should be placed on a background which will not detract from the resolution of the fracture surface. For basic lighting, one spotlight is suggested. The light is then raised or lowered, and

304

Florida house aglow with lighting retrofit  

SciTech Connect

In a residential lighting retrofit, how much energy can be saved with current technology? The Florida Solar Energy Center decided to find out by retrofitting every lamp in a Miami home. Most lighting studies focus on average lighting energy use or on how much energy can be saved by retrofitting large numbers of homes. However, the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) was interested in finding out how much lighting energy we could save in a single house. One house with high utility bills and extensive interior lighting was picked, throughly monitored, and retrofitted every light possible. The study also helped determine what sort of monitoring is most useful, and how residents respond to efficient lighting. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Parker, D.; Schrum, L.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Characterization of Computational Grid Resources Using Low-level Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important factor that needs to be taken into account by end-users and systems (schedulers, resource brokers, policy brokers) when mapping applications to the Grid, is the performance capacity of hardware resources attached to the Grid and made available through its Virtual Organizations (VOs). In this paper, we examine the problem of characterizing the performance capacity of Grid resources using benchmarking. We examine the conditions under which such characterization experiments can be implemented in a Grid setting and present the challenges that arise in this context. We specify a small number of performance metrics and propose a suite of micro-benchmarks to estimate these metrics for clusters that belong to large Virtual Organizations. We describe GridBench, a tool developed to administer benchmarking experiments, publish their results, and produce graphical representations of their metrics. We describe benchmarking experiments conducted with, and published through GridBench, and show how they can help end-users assess the performance capacity of resources that belong to a target Virtual Organization. Finally, we examine the advantages of this approach over solutions implemented currently in existing Grid infrastructures. We conclude that it is essential to provide benchmarking services in the Grid infrastructure, in order to enable the attachment of performance-related metadata to resources belonging to Virtual Organizations and the retrieval of such metadata by end-users and other Grid systems. 1

George Tsouloupas; Marios Dikaiakos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

WMAP-Compliant Benchmark Surfaces for MSSM Higgs Bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore `benchmark surfaces' suitable for studying the phenomenology of Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), which are chosen so that the supersymmetric relic density is generally compatible with the range of cold dark matter density preferred by WMAP and other observations. These benchmark surfaces are specified assuming that gaugino masses m_{1/2}, soft trilinear supersymmetry-breaking parameters A_0 and the soft supersymmetry-breaking contributions m_0 to the squark and slepton masses are universal, but not those associated with the Higgs multiplets (the NUHM framework). The benchmark surfaces may be presented as M_A-tan_beta planes with fixed or systematically varying values of the other NUHM parameters, such as m_0, m_{1/2}, A_0 and the Higgs mixing parameter mu. We discuss the prospects for probing experimentally these benchmark surfaces at the Tevatron collider, the LHC, the ILC, in B physics and in direct dark-matter detection experiments. An Appendix documents developments in the FeynHiggs code that enable the user to explore for her/himself the WMAP-compliant benchmark surfaces.

J. Ellis; T. Hahn; S. Heinemeyer; K. A. Olive; G. Weiglein

2007-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Role of Benchmarking in Promoting Strong Energy Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The significance of formalized energy management practices and programs in driving and sustaining energy efficiency improvements within the industrial sector has become more widely recognized over the past several years. The release of the ISO 50001 energy management standard will also further elevate the role of energy management systems. For over the past 10 years, the US EPA's ENERGY STAR Commercial and Industrial program have focused on promoting and supporting the development of strong corporate management programs. A key aspect of facilitating the establishment of energy management programs has been the development of benchmarking tools that help companies evaluate the energy performance and practices. This paper will examine some of the lessons learned in developing both quantitative and qualitative energy management benchmarking tools and the importance of establishing good energy performance indicators. The paper will examine the pros and cons of different types of quantitative energy performance benchmarks. The value of qualitative benchmarking tools to gauge management practices will also be discussed. Lastly, recommendations for how to further the development energy benchmarks shall be presented.

Tunnessen, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Weyl type bound on positive Interior Transmission Eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper contains a lower bound of the Weyl type on the counting function of the positive eigenvalues of the interior transmission eigenvalue problem which justifies the existence of an infinite set of positive interior transmission eigenvalues. We consider the classical transmission problem as well as the case where the inhomogeneous medium contains an obstacle. One of the essential components of the proof is an estimate for the D-t-N operator for the Helmholtz equation for positive $\\lambda$ that replaces the standard parameter-elliptic estimate valid outside of the positive semi-axis.

Evgeny Lakshtanov; Boris Vainberg

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

309

Use Energy Information Services to Benchmark with ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Information Services to Energy Information Services to Benchmark with ENERGY STAR ® Tracking Building Energy Performance Tracking a building's energy performance provides a building owner or manager with critical knowledge to make improvements to the building's operations and reduce energy consumption. Energy information services offer a variety of ways to help companies obtain and organize this valuable energy information. Energy information service providers that have partnered with ENERGY STAR offer an additional tool to assess the energy performance of buildings: automated benchmarking. ENERGY STAR is the national symbol for saving the environment through energy efficiency, recognized by more than 65 percent of the American public. Automated benchmarking allows energy information service providers to provide their customers with ENERGY STAR

310

Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 15, 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, DOE's Residential Buildings Program and NREL developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. Unlike the reference homes used for HERS, EnergyStar, and most energy codes, the Benchmark represents typical construction at a fixed point in time so it can be used as the basis for Building America's multi-year energy savings goals without the complication of chasing a ''moving target''.

Hendron, R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Robust Extraction of Tomographic Information via Randomized Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe how randomized benchmarking can be used to reconstruct the unital part of any trace-preserving quantum map, which in turn is sufficient for the full characterization of any unitary evolution, or more generally, any unital trace-preserving evolution. This approach inherits randomized benchmarking's robustness to preparation and measurement imperfections, therefore avoiding systematic errors caused by these imperfections. We also extend these techniques to efficiently estimate the average fidelity of a quantum map to unitary maps outside of the Clifford group. The unitaries we consider include operations commonly used to achieve universal quantum computation in a fault-tolerant setting. In addition, we rigorously bound the time and sampling complexities of randomized benchmarking procedures.

Shelby Kimmel; Marcus P. da Silva; Colm A. Ryan; Blake R. Johnson; Thomas Ohki

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

VENUS-F: A fast lead critical core for benchmarking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zero-power thermal neutron water-moderated facility VENUS at SCK-CEN has been extensively used for benchmarking in the past. In accordance with GEN-IV design tasks (fast reactor systems and accelerator driven systems), the VENUS facility was modified in 2007-2010 into the fast neutron facility VENUS-F with solid core components. This paper introduces the projects GUINEVERE and FREYA, which are being conducted at the VENUS-F facility, and it presents the measurement results obtained at the first critical core. Throughout the projects other fast lead benchmarks also will be investigated. The measurement results of the different configurations can all be used as fast neutron benchmarks. (authors)

Kochetkov, A.; Wagemans, J.; Vittiglio, G. [SCK.CEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol (Belgium)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating Scheme Speaker(s): Paul Bannister Date: August 21, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephen Selkowitz (Two topics): Benchmarking Building Performance: In a variety of voluntary and regulatory initiatives around the globe, including the introduction of the European Building Performance Directive, the question of how to assess the performance of commercial buildings has become a critical issue. There are presently a number of initiatives for the assessment of actual building performance internationally, including in particular US Energy Star Buildings rating tools and the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating scheme. These schemes seek to assess building energy performance on the

314

System Utilization Benchmark on the Cray T3E  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utilization Benchmark on the Cray T3E Utilization Benchmark on the Cray T3E and IBM SP Adrian Wong, Leonid Oliker, William Kramer, Teresa Kaltz, and David Bailey National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA {atwong, loliker, wtkramer, tlkaltz, dhbailey}@lbl.gov Abstract. Obtaining maximum utilization of parallel systems continues to be an active area of research and development. This article outlines a new benchmark, called the Eflectiwe System Performance (ESP) test, designed to provide a utilization metric that is transferable between sys- tems and illuminate the effects of various scheduling parameters. Results with discussion are presented for the Cray T3E and IBM SP systems to- gether with insights obtained from simulation.

315

Building America Research Benchmark Definition, Updated December 29, 2004  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Residential Buildings Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams. The Benchmark is generally consistent with mid-1990s standard practice, as reflected in the Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Technical Guidelines (RESNET 2002), with additional definitions that allow the analyst to evaluate all residential end-uses, an extension of the traditional HERS rating approach that focuses on space conditioning and hot water. A series of user profiles, intended to represent the behavior of a ''standard'' set of occupants, was created for use in conjunction with the Benchmark.

Hendron, R.

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Criticality benchmark comparisons leading to cross-section upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For several years criticality benchmark calculations with COG. COG is a point-wise Monte Carlo code developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It solves the Boltzmann equation for the transport of neutrons and photons. The principle consideration in developing COG was that the resulting calculation would be as accurate as the point-wise cross-sectional data, since no physics computational approximations were used. The objective of this paper is to report on COG results for criticality benchmark experiments in concert with MCNP comparisons which are resulting in corrections an upgrades to the point-wise ENDL cross-section data libraries. Benchmarking discrepancies reported here indicated difficulties in the Evaluated Nuclear Data Livermore (ENDL) cross-sections for U-238 at thermal neutron energy levels. This led to a re-evaluation and selection of the appropriate cross-section values from several cross-section sets available (ENDL, ENDF/B-V). Further cross-section upgrades anticipated.

Alesso, H.P.; Annese, C.E.; Heinrichs, D.P.; Lloyd, W.R.; Lent, E.M.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Benchmarking Variable Cost Performance in an Industrial Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most perplexing problems for industrial power plants committed to improving competitiveness is measuring variable cost performance over time. Because variable costs like fuel and electricity represent the overwhelming majority of power plant expenses, it is imperative to develop and deploy a tool that can help plants benchmark operating performance. This paper introduces a benchmarking methodology designed to meet this need. The "Energy Conversion Index" (ECI) ratios the "value" of utilities exported from the power plant to the actual cost of the fuel and electricity required to produce them, generating a single number or "index." Variable cost performance is benchmarked by comparing the index from one period of time to the index of another comparable period of time. Savings (or costs) attributable to excellent (or poor) performance can easily be calculated by using the former period's index to project the current period's cost.

Kane, J. F.; Bailey, W. F.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Current Reactor Physics Benchmark Activities at the Idaho National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) [1] and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) [2] were established to preserve integral reactor physics and criticality experiment data for present and future research. These valuable assets provide the basis for recording, developing, and validating our integral nuclear data, and experimental and computational methods. These projects are managed through the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD-NEA). Staff and students at the Department of Energy - Idaho (DOE-ID) and INL are engaged in the development of benchmarks to support ongoing research activities. These benchmarks include reactors or assemblies that support Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) research, space nuclear Fission Surface Power System (FSPS) design validation, and currently operational facilities in Southeastern Idaho.

John D. Bess; Margaret A. Marshall; Mackenzie L. Gorham; Joseph Christensen; James C. Turnbull; Kim Clark

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

INTEGRAL BENCHMARKS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE INTERNATIONAL REACTOR PHYSICS EXPERIMENT EVALUATION PROJECT AND THE INTERNATIONAL CRITICALITY SAFETY BENCHMARK EVALUATION PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

Interest in high-quality integral benchmark data is increasing as efforts to quantify and reduce calculational uncertainties accelerate to meet the demands of next generation reactor and advanced fuel cycle concepts. The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) continue to expand their efforts and broaden their scope to identify, evaluate, and provide integral benchmark data for method and data validation. Benchmark model specifications provided by these two projects are used heavily by the international reactor physics, nuclear data, and criticality safety communities. Thus far, 14 countries have contributed to the IRPhEP, and 20 have contributed to the ICSBEP. The status of the IRPhEP and ICSBEP is discussed in this paper, and the future of the two projects is outlined and discussed. Selected benchmarks that have been added to the IRPhEP and ICSBEP handbooks since PHYSOR’06 are highlighted, and the future of the two projects is discussed.

J. Blair Briggs; Lori Scott; Enrico Sartori; Yolanda Rugama

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman-scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, Stanley E. (Evans, GA); Livingston, Ronald R. (Aiken, SC); Prather, William S. (Augusta, GA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Fiber optic probe for light scattering measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a fiber optic probe and a method for using the probe for light scattering analyses of a sample. The probe includes a probe body with an inlet for admitting a sample into an interior sample chamber, a first optical fiber for transmitting light from a source into the chamber, and a second optical fiber for transmitting light to a detector such as a spectrophotometer. The interior surface of the probe carries a coating that substantially prevents non-scattered light from reaching the second fiber. The probe is placed in a region where the presence and concentration of an analyte of interest are to be detected, and a sample is admitted into the chamber. Exciting light is transmitted into the sample chamber by the first fiber, where the light interacts with the sample to produce Raman-scattered light. At least some of the Raman- scattered light is received by the second fiber and transmitted to the detector for analysis. Two Raman spectra are measured, at different pressures. The first spectrum is subtracted from the second to remove background effects, and the resulting sample Raman spectrum is compared to a set of stored library spectra to determine the presence and concentration of the analyte.

Nave, S.E.; Livingston, R.R.; Prather, W.S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Advanced Benchmarking for Complex Building Types: Laboratories as an Exemplar  

SciTech Connect

Complex buildings such as laboratories, data centers and cleanrooms present particular challenges for energy benchmarking because it is difficult to normalize special requirements such as health and safety in laboratories and reliability (i.e., system redundancy to maintain uptime) in data centers which significantly impact energy use. For example, air change requirements vary widely based on the type of work being performed in each laboratory space. We present methods and tools for energy benchmarking in laboratories, as an exemplar of a complex building type. First, we address whole building energy metrics and normalization parameters. We present empirical methods based on simple data filtering as well as multivariate regression analysis on the Labs21 database. The regression analysis showed lab type, lab-area ratio and occupancy hours to be significant variables. Yet the dataset did not allow analysis of factors such as plug loads and air change rates, both of which are critical to lab energy use. The simulation-based method uses an EnergyPlus model to generate a benchmark energy intensity normalized for a wider range of parameters. We suggest that both these methods have complementary strengths and limitations. Second, we present"action-oriented" benchmarking, which extends whole-building benchmarking by utilizing system-level features and metrics such as airflow W/cfm to quickly identify a list of potential efficiency actions which can then be used as the basis for a more detailed audit. While action-oriented benchmarking is not an"audit in a box" and is not intended to provide the same degree of accuracy afforded by an energy audit, we demonstrate how it can be used to focus and prioritize audit activity and track performance at the system level. We conclude with key principles that are more broadly applicable to other complex building types.

Mathew, Paul A.; Clear, Robert; Kircher, Kevin; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho; Hoyt, Tyler

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Multiple-code benchmark simulation study of coupled THMC processes in the excavation disturbed zone associated with geological nuclear waste repositories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MULTIPLE-CODE BENCHMARK SIMULATION STUDY OF COUPLED THMCinternational, multiple-code benchmark test (BMT) study isinternational, multiple-model benchmark test (BMT) study of

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Lighting Research Center Lighting Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 12) Solid State Lighting Luminaires - Color Characteristic Measurements. [22/S04] IES LM-16:1993 Practical Guide to Colorimetry of Light Sources. ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Lighting Group: Light Distribution Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Alternatives to Incandescent Downlights Hotel and Institutional Bathroom Lighting Portable Office Lighting Systems Low Glare Outdoor Retrofit Luminaire LED Luminaires...

326

Benchmarking and Disclosure: Lessons from Leading Cities | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking and Disclosure: Lessons from Leading Cities Benchmarking and Disclosure: Lessons from Leading Cities Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

327

Building Energy Use Benchmarking Guidance | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use Benchmarking Guidance Use Benchmarking Guidance Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

328

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 2: Benchmarking | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: Benchmarking 2: Benchmarking Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

329

Shear Strength Measurement Benchmarking Tests for K Basin Sludge Simulants  

SciTech Connect

Equipment development and demonstration testing for sludge retrieval is being conducted by the K Basin Sludge Treatment Project (STP) at the MASF (Maintenance and Storage Facility) using sludge simulants. In testing performed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (under contract with the CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company), the performance of the Geovane instrument was successfully benchmarked against the M5 Haake rheometer using a series of simulants with shear strengths (?) ranging from about 700 to 22,000 Pa (shaft corrected). Operating steps for obtaining consistent shear strength measurements with the Geovane instrument during the benchmark testing were refined and documented.

Burns, Carolyn A.; Daniel, Richard C.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Luna, Maria; Schmidt, Andrew J.

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

330

The interior transmission problem and bounds on transmission eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interior transmission eigenvalue problem for sign-definite multiplicative perturbations of the Laplacian in a bounded domain. We show that all but finitely many complex transmission eigenvalues are confined to a parabolic neighborhood of the positive real axis.

Michael Hitrik; Katsiaryna Krupchyk; Petri Ola; Lassi Päivärinta

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

331

The interior transmission problem and bounds on transmission eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interior transmission eigenvalue problem for sign-definite multiplicative perturbations of the Laplacian in a bounded domain. We show that all but finitely many complex transmission eigenvalues are confined to a parabolic neighborhood of the positive real axis.

Hitrik, Michael; Ola, Petri; Päivärinta, Lassi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Outlaw lighting  

SciTech Connect

Demand-side management programs by utilities and the federal government`s Green Lights program have made significant inroads in promoting energy-efficient lighting. But the Energy Policy Act now prohibits certain types of lighting. This article provides analysis to help architects determine new lamp performance compared with older lighting products.

Bryan, H.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Design Methodology for Development of Behavioral Synthesis Generic and Synthetic Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of benchmarking as an essential methodology in evaluating and comparing digital systems synthesis tools is well established. Equally well are the limitations of the majority of current benchmarks recognized. Our primary goal is to lay out the theoretically and statistically sound foundations for addressing the key issues related to the selection of generic benchmarks and the synthesis and analysis of statistical synthetic benchmarks. The methodology for the synthetic benchmark generation uses as an intermediate step the methodology for the generic benchmark selection. The benefits of our methodology for the generic benchmark selection are: (1) it provides the sound statistical foundations for the generic benchmark selection, (2) it establishes the fact that the development of a generic benchmark is a well-defined optimization problem. The advantages of the statistical synthetic benchmarks over the generic benchmarks include: (1) having an unlimited supply of synthetic design examples, (2) obtaining the real-life like design examples which suit a particular design or analysis need, (3) having a test set which better fits all available real-life design examples. Due to the fact that the synthetic benchmark generation is based on the generic benchmark selection, the entire process of the generic and synthetic benchmark development is in sequence. It consists of the following five-stages: (1) collecting and analyzing real life design examples, (2) extracting and selecting the relevant properties that are used to specify designs, (3) deriving a generic benchmark set from the real life design examples, (4) developing the synthetic benchmark generator, and (5) constructing a synthetic benchmark set for the current applications or the future applications based ...

Hm Ar Ks

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center Infrastructure Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data CenterUp? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data CenterHigh Med/High Figure 4. Benchmarks for Return Temperature

Mathew, Paul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Knowledge Benchmarks in Adversarial Mechanism Design and Implementation in Surviving Strategies (Part I)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We put forward new benchmarks and solution concepts for Adversarial Mechanism Design, as defined by [MV07.a], and we exemplify them in the case of truly combinatorial auctions.We benchmark the combined performance (the sum ...

Chen, Jing

336

Knowledge Benchmarks in Adversarial Mechanism Design (Part I) and Implementation in Surviving Strategies (Part I)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We put forward new benchmarks and solution concepts for Adversarial Mechanism Design, as defined by [MV07.a], and we exemplify them in the case of truly combinatorial auctions.We benchmark the combined performance (the sum ...

Chen, Jing

337

Longwave 3D Benchmarks for Inhomogeneous Clouds and Comparisons with Approximate Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is twofold: to (i) establish three-dimensional (3D) longwave radiative transfer benchmarks for inhomogeneous cloud fields and (ii) compare the results with three approximate, 1D methods. The benchmark results are ...

George P. Kablick III; Robert G. Ellingson; Ezra E. Takara; Jlujing Gu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Steam Generator Automated Eddy Current Data Analysis: A Benchmarking Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This benchmarking study informs utility nondestructive evaluation (NDE) engineers of the status of automating analysis of data from steam generator tube eddy current testing. Study results will contribute to a detailed plan for continuing development of automated data analysis system processes. One day, automated data analysis will provide utilities with a consistent, accurate, and cost-effective method of analyzing eddy current inspection data.

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

339

Technology Management Benchmark Study - Phase 2: Volume 2 - Detailed Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI and eleven U.S. domestic power companies participated in a benchmark study of the most successful technology management practices of leading non-utility companies. This report contains the detailed findings of the Technology Management Best Practices Study -- Phase 2 conducted from July 2001 to May 2002.

2002-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

340

A mixed transaction processing and operational reporting benchmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of reporting is ever increasing in today's fast-paced market environments and the availability of up-to-date information for reporting has become indispensable. Current reporting systems are separated from the online transaction processing ... Keywords: Benchmarking, Mixed workload, OLTP, Operational reporting

Anja Bog; Hasso Plattner; Alexander Zeier

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Building America Research Benchmark Definition: Updated December 19, 2008  

SciTech Connect

To track progress toward aggressive multi-year whole-house energy savings goals of 40-70% and onsite power production of up to 30%, DOE's Residential Buildings Program and NREL developed the Building America Research Benchmark in consultation with the Building America industry teams.

Hendron, R.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Complex version of high performance computing LINPACK benchmark (HPL)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes our effort to enhance the performance of the AORSA fusion energy simulation program through the use of high-performance LINPACK (HPL) benchmark, commonly used in ranking the top 500 supercomputers. The algorithm used by HPL, enhanced ... Keywords: HPL, parallel dense solver

R. F. Barrett; T. H. F. Chan; E. F. D'Azevedo; E. F. Jaeger; K. Wong; R. Y. Wong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Roberts: Reconfigurable Platform for Benchmarking Real-time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Imperial College London, UK p-time properties and energy consumption. The benchmarking takes into account system workload and environmental-test, and with support for on-line monitoring of the response time, output values and energy consumption. The proposed

Luk, Wayne

344

Terry Sharp, P.E. Building Performance Benchmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terry Sharp, P.E. Building Performance Benchmarking 3rd U.S. Army Energy Workshop January 25-26, 2007 EPA Energy Star Program and Energy Data Normalization Oak Ridge National Laboratory #12;Why You Should Care · Energy Star tools enable you to take Strategic Energy Management to a new level · Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

345

POTENTIAL BENCHMARKS FOR ACTINIDE PRODUCTION IN HANFORD REACTORS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant experimental program was conducted in the early Hanford reactors to understand the reactor production of actinides. These experiments were conducted with sufficient rigor, in some cases, to provide useful information that can be utilized today in development of benchmark experiments that may be used for the validation of present computer codes for the production of these actinides in low enriched uranium fuel.

PUIGH RJ; TOFFER H

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

346

Benchmarking telecoms regulation - The Telecommunications Regulatory Governance Index (TRGI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study an index of the effectiveness of the institutional design of telecommunication regulators for 142 countries that belong to the International Telecommunications Union is produced. This index - the Telecommunications Regulatory Governance ... Keywords: Benchmarking, Country-wide governance, Telecoms regulation

Leonard Waverman; Pantelis Koutroumpis

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Air Ingress Benchmarking with Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature Reactor Technology Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology Friendship Hotel, Haidian by a CFD benchmarking program based on experimental work performed by JAERI (Japanese Atomic Energy Energy Research Institute) had been set up to study the ingress of air into the core as a result

348

Measure Guideline: Summary of Interior Ducts in New Construction, Including an Efficient, Affordable Method to Install Fur-Down Interior Ducts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document illustrates guidelines for the efficient installation of interior duct systems in new housing, including the fur-up chase method, the fur-down chase method, and interior ducts positioned in sealed attics or sealed crawl spaces. This document illustrates guidelines for the efficient installation of interior duct systems in new housing. Interior ducts result from bringing the duct work inside a home's thermal and air barrier. Architects, designers, builders, and new home buyers should thoroughly investigate any opportunity for energy savings that is as easy to implement during construction, such as the opportunity to construct interior duct work. In addition to enhanced energy efficiency, interior ductwork results in other important advantages, such as improved indoor air quality, increased system durability and increased homeowner comfort. While the advantages of well-designed and constructed interior duct systems are recognized, the implementation of this approach has not gained a significant market acceptance. This guideline describes a variety of methods to create interior ducts including the fur-up chase method, the fur-down chase method, and interior ducts positioned in sealed attics or sealed crawl spaces. As communication of the intent of an interior duct system, and collaboration on its construction are paramount to success, this guideline details the critical design, planning, construction, inspection, and verification steps that must be taken. Involved in this process are individuals from the design team; sales/marketing team; and mechanical, insulation, plumbing, electrical, framing, drywall and solar contractors.

Beal, D.; McIlvaine , J.; Fonorow, K.; Martin, E.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

350

Table-top computed lighting for practical digital photography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—We apply simplified image-based lighting methods to reduce the equipment, cost, time, and specialized skills required for high-quality photographic lighting of desktop-sized static objects such as museum artifacts. We place the object and a computersteered moving-head spotlight inside a simple foam-core enclosure and use a camera to record photos as the light scans the box interior. Optimization, guided by interactive user sketching, selects a small set of these photos whose weighted sum best matches the user-defined target sketch. Unlike previous image-based relighting efforts, our method requires only a single area light source, yet it can achieve high-resolution light positioning to avoid multiple sharp shadows. A reduced version uses only a handheld light and may be suitable for battery-powered field photography equipment that fits into a backpack. Index Terms—Image-based lighting, enclosure lighting, handheld lighting, controllable lighting, digital photography. 1

Ankit Mohan; Reynold Bailey; Jonathan Waite; Jack Tumblin; Cindy Grimm; Bobby Bodenheimer; Senior Member

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Benchmark Data Through The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPHEP)  

SciTech Connect

The International Reactor Physics Experiments Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was initiated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency’s (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) in June of 2002. The IRPhEP focus is on the derivation of internationally peer reviewed benchmark models for several types of integral measurements, in addition to the critical configuration. While the benchmarks produced by the IRPhEP are of primary interest to the Reactor Physics Community, many of the benchmarks can be of significant value to the Criticality Safety and Nuclear Data Communities. Benchmarks that support the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP), for example, also support fuel manufacture, handling, transportation, and storage activities and could challenge current analytical methods. The IRPhEP is patterned after the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) and is closely coordinated with the ICSBEP. This paper highlights the benchmarks that are currently being prepared by the IRPhEP that are also of interest to the Criticality Safety Community. The different types of measurements and associated benchmarks that can be expected in the first publication and beyond are described. The protocol for inclusion of IRPhEP benchmarks as ICSBEP benchmarks and for inclusion of ICSBEP benchmarks as IRPhEP benchmarks is detailed. The format for IRPhEP benchmark evaluations is described as an extension of the ICSBEP format. Benchmarks produced by the IRPhEP add new dimension to criticality safety benchmarking efforts and expand the collection of available integral benchmarks for nuclear data testing. The first publication of the "International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments" is scheduled for January of 2006.

J. Blair Briggs; Dr. Enrico Sartori

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A high-efficiency indirect lighting system utilizing the solar 1000 sulfur lamp  

SciTech Connect

High-lumen light sources represent unique challenges and opportunities for the design of practical and efficient interior lighting systems. High-output sources require a means of large-scale distribution and avoidance of high-luminance glare while providing efficient delivery. An indirect lighting system has been developed for use with a 1,000 Watt sulfur lamp that efficiently utilizes the high-output source to provide quality interior lighting. This paper briefly describes the design and initial testing of this new system.

Siminovitch, M.; Gould, C.; Page, E.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Lighting system combining daylight concentrators and an artificial source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined lighting system for a building interior includes a stack of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC), an optical conduit made of preferably optical fibers for transmitting daylight from the LSC stack, a collimating lens set at an angle, a fixture for receiving the daylight at one end and for distributing the daylight as illumination inside the building, an artificial light source at the other end of the fixture for directing artifical light into the fixture for distribution as illumination inside the building, an automatic dimmer/brightener for the artificial light source, and a daylight sensor positioned near to the LSC stack for controlling the automatic dimmer/brightener in response to the daylight sensed. The system also has a reflector positioned behind the artificial light source and a fan for exhausting heated air out of the fixture during summer and for forcing heated air into the fixture for passage into the building interior during winter.

Bornstein, Jonathan G. (Miami, FL); Friedman, Peter S. (Toledo, OH)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Department of Energy Commercial Building Benchmarks (New Construction): Summary of Changes from v1.1_3.1 to v1.2_4.0, October 30, 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Benchmarks Benchmarks New Construction Summary of Changes from v1.1_3.1 to v1.2_4.0 October 30, 2009 Applicable Model(s) Applicable Model Abbreviated Name(s) Change All models (all) Run with EnergyPlus v4.0 instead of 3.1. All models (all) Updated header text to reflect changes. All models (all) Exterior lighting changed from 5.0 W/ft to 0.2 W/ft 2 . All models (all) Added 30 W/ft of exterior lighting for primary entrance doors and 20W/ft for other doors. All Models (all) Infiltration input as flow per exterior wall area, except for attics which have 1.0 ACH infiltration. All Models (all) Many internal gains input as watts/area instead of just total watts, in order to identify

355

The GreenIT DC-benchmarking tool: from scientific theory to real life  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is one of the topics in achieving the goal of reducing the CO2 output in the next years. Data centers (DC) are big polluters. GreenIT DC-Benchmarking is the first neutral benchmarking tool that shows the specific energy and ... Keywords: data center benchmarking, energy consumption, energy efficiency & monitoring, key performance indicator, power usage effectiveness (PUE)

Ywes Israel; Thomas Leitert

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Benchmarking DAML+OIL Repositories Yuanbo Guo, Jeff Heflin, and Zhengxiang Pan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking DAML+OIL Repositories Yuanbo Guo, Jeff Heflin, and Zhengxiang Pan Department, heflin, zhp2}@cse.lehigh.edu Abstract. We present a benchmark that facilitates the evaluation of DAML+OIL repositories in a standard and systematic way. This benchmark is intended to evaluate the performance of DAML+OIL

Heflin, Jeff

357

Windows and Linux Robustness Benchmarks With Respect to Application Erroneous Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windows and Linux Robustness Benchmarks With Respect to Application Erroneous Behavior Karama of benchmark results obtained for various versions of Windows and Linux operating systems. The benchmark, Karama Kanoun et Lisa Spainhower (Ed.) (2008) 227-254" #12;Kanoun et al. Windows and Linux Robustness

358

Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

house and its HVAC systems, tested the optimization controlOptimization Control in Interior Space Conditioning Problem Description Interior space conditioning is a type of temperature regulation by HVAC

Chen, Xue

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Analytical Method of Torque Calculation for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

method for performing the output torque calculations of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor circuit, inductance, permanent magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interior permanent magnet synchronous motor FEA finite element analysis mmf

Tolbert, Leon M.

360

Lighting Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

corridors. The overall range of savings was six to 80 percent. The Advanced Lighting Guidelines On-Line Edition New Buildings Institute 2011 presents a table of lighting energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Notices DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

58 Federal Register 58 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 209 / Friday, October 28, 2011 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [LLWO300000.L14300000] Notice of Availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States and Notice of Public Meetings AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Department of Energy (DOE) (the Agencies) as joint lead agencies announce the availability of the Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (Supplement) (BLM/DES 11-49,

362

New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Model of New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes October 29, 2013 | Tags: Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Geosciences, Hopper Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov volcanic-hotspots1.jpg This 3D view of the top 1,000 kilometers of Earth's mantle beneath the central Pacific shows the relationship between seismically-slow "plumes" and channels imaged in the UC Berkeley study. Green cones on the ocean floor mark islands associated with "hotspot" volcanoes, such as Hawaii and Tahiti. (Image courtesy of Berkeley Seismological Laboratory, UC Berkeley) Using supercomputers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), scientists have detected

363

Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the mixed processes of heat transfer for the interior air ofby a series of heat transfer processes. The thermal dynamics

Chen, Xue

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Direct Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal@lea.upb.de, boecker@lea.upb.de URL: http://wwwlea.upb.de Keywords «Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor to their high torque and power per volume ratio, interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM

Noé, Reinhold

365

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM@lea.upb.de Abstract-Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are preferentially chosen as traction drives. INTRODUCTION Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) provide high power and torque densities

Noé, Reinhold

366

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1240 Legacy Mercury--Data Collection at Alviso Slough. Photo by M. Marvin-DiPasquale. Bottom Left--Aerial Photo with Alviso Slough of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;iii U.S. Department of the Interior DIRK KEMPTHORNE, Secretary U

367

Shape the light, light the shape - lighting installation in performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the lighting design theory Light Inside Out, which is the technique of shaping light toward a creation of lighting installation in performance… (more)

Yu, Lih-Hwa, 1972-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Application Summary Reports on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories

369

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Program on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions CALiPER Program

370

Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: CALiPER Exploratory Studies on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program About the Program FAQs Summary Reports Detailed Reports Benchmark Reports Exploratory Studies Testing Laboratories Standards Development Technical Information Network

371

Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purple LED lamp Purple LED lamp Lighting Systems Lighting research is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes across the nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research falls into four main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems, Controls and Communications, and Human Factors. Contacts Francis Rubinstein FMRubinstein@lbl.gov (510) 486-4096 Links Lighting Research Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

372

RECENT ADDITIONS OF CRITICALITY SAFETY RELATED INTEGRAL BENCHMARK DATA TO THE ICSBEP AND IRPHEP HANDBOOKS  

SciTech Connect

High-quality integral benchmark experiments have always been a priority for criticality safety. However, interest in integral benchmark data is increasing as efforts to quantify and reduce calculational uncertainties accelerate to meet the demands of future criticality safety needs to support next generation reactor and advanced fuel cycle concepts. The importance of drawing upon existing benchmark data is becoming more apparent because of dwindling availability of critical facilities worldwide and the high cost of performing new experiments. Integral benchmark data from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments and the International Handbook of Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments are widely used. Benchmark data have been added to these two handbooks since the last Nuclear Criticality Safety Division Topical Meeting in Knoxville, Tennessee (September 2005). This paper highlights these additions.

J. Blair Briggs; Lori Scott; Yolanda Rugama; Enrico Sartori

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Benchmarking and Performance Based Rating System for Commercial Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking and Performance Based Rating System for Commercial Buildings Benchmarking and Performance Based Rating System for Commercial Buildings in India Speaker(s): Saket Sarraf Date: May 4, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Girish Ghatikar The Indian building sector has witnessed huge surge in interest in energy performance in the last decade. The 'intention' based codes like the national Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) and green building rating systems such as Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED-India) and Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) have been the prime mechanisms to design and assess energy efficient buildings. However, they do not rate the 'achieved' energy performance of buildings over time or reward their performance through a continuous evaluation process.

374

Energy Tips: Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type (sales unit) Type (sales unit) Energy Content Combustion (Btu/sales unit) Efficiency (%) Natural Gas (therm) 100,000 81.7 Natural Gas (cubic foot) 1,030 81.7 Distillate/No. 2 Oil (gallon) 138,700 84.6 Residual/No. 6 Oil (gallon) 149,700 86.1 Coal (ton) 27,000,000 87.6 Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation Benchmarking the fuel cost of steam generation ($/1000 lbs of steam) is an effective way to assess the efficiency of your steam system. This cost is dependent upon fuel type, unit fuel cost, boiler efficiency, feedwater temperature, and steam pressure. This calculation provides a good first approximation for the cost of generating steam and serves as a tracking device to allow for boiler performance monitoring. Table 1 shows the heat input required to produce one pound of saturated

375

Multipole Analysis of a Benchmark Data Set for Pion Photoproduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have fitted low- and medium-energy benchmark datasets employing methods used in the MAID/SAID and dynamical model analyses. Independent fits from the Mainz, RPI, Yerevan, and Kharkov groups have also been performed over the low-energy region. Results for the multipole amplitudes are compared in order to gauge the model-dependence of such fits, given identical data and a single method for error handling.

R. A. Arndt; I. Aznauryan; R. M. Davidson; D. Drechsel; O. Hanstein; S. S. Kamalov; A. S. Omelaenko; I. Strakovsky; L. Tiator; R. L. Workman; S. N. Yang

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

376

Snowmass Benchmark Points and Three-Loop Running  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the full three-loop beta-functions for the MSSM generalised to include additional matter multiplets in 5, 10 representations of SU(5). We analyse in detail the effect of three-loop running on the sparticle spectrum for the MSSM Snowmass Benchmark Points. We also consider the effect on these spectra of additional matter multiplets (the semi-perturbative unification scenario).

I. Jack; D. R. T. Jones; A. F. Kord

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

377

Randomized benchmarking of atomic qubits in an optical lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform randomized benchmarking on neutral atomic quantum bits (qubits) confined in an optical lattice. Single qubit gates are implemented using microwaves, resulting in a measured error per randomized computational gate of 1.4(1) x 10^-4 that is dominated by the system T2 relaxation time. The results demonstrate the robustness of the system, and its viability for more advanced quantum information protocols.

S. Olmschenk; R. Chicireanu; K. D. Nelson; J. V. Porto

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

378

Optimal design and quantum benchmarks for coherent state amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish the ultimate quantum limits to the amplification of an unknown coherent state, both in the deterministic and probabilistic case, investigating the realistic scenario where the expected photon number is finite. In addition, we provide the benchmark that experimental realizations have to surpass in order to beat all classical amplification strategies and to demonstrate genuine quantum amplification. Our result guarantees that a successful demonstration is in principle possible for every finite value of the expected photon number.

Giulio Chiribella; Jinyu Xie

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Providing Nuclear Criticality Safety Analysis Education through Benchmark Experiment Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

One of the challenges that today's new workforce of nuclear criticality safety engineers face is the opportunity to provide assessment of nuclear systems and establish safety guidelines without having received significant experience or hands-on training prior to graduation. Participation in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) and/or the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) provides students and young professionals the opportunity to gain experience and enhance critical engineering skills.

John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; David W. Nigg

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Providing Nuclear Criticality Safety Analysis Education through Benchmark Experiment Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

One of the challenges that today's new workforce of nuclear criticality safety engineers face is the opportunity to provide assessment of nuclear systems and establish safety guidelines without having received significant experience or hands-on training prior to graduation. Participation in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) and/or the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) provides students and young professionals the opportunity to gain experience and enhance critical engineering skills.

John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; David W. Nigg

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Benchmark calculations for electron collisions with zinc atoms  

SciTech Connect

We present results from R-matrix (close-coupling) calculations for elastic scattering and electron impact excitation of Zn. The overall agreement between the predictions from two independent models, using either a semiempirical core potential or a recently developed B-spline approach with nonorthogonal orbitals, is very satisfactory. The latter method, however, yields particularly good agreement with the few existing experimental benchmark data for resonances at low incident energies.

Zatsarinny, Oleg; Bartschat, Klaus [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa 50311 (United States)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Clean Critical Experiment Benchmarks for Plutonium Recycle in LWRs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Government laboratories and private industry in the U.S. and in other countries have carried out or initiated programs to study and evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of recycling plutonium. The experimental measurements program provides benchmark neutronics data for use in assessing the accuracy of neutronics analysis methods for slightly enriched uranium lattices and for mixed oxide lattices. The lattice pitches were selected to provide configurations that were undermoderated, near optimum...

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The benchmark of gutzwiller density functional theory in hydrogen systems  

SciTech Connect

We propose an approximate form of the exchange-correlation energy functional for the Gutzwiller density functional theory. It satisfies certain physical constraints in both weak and strong electron correlation limits. We benchmark the Gutzwiller density functional approximation in the hydrogen systems, where the static correlation error is shown to be negligible. The good transferability is demonstrated by applications to the hydrogen molecule and some crystal structures.

Yao, Y.; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Ho, Kai-Ming

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

384

MDAbench: A Tool for Customized Benchmark Generation Using MDA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing component-based application that meets performance requirements remains a challenging problem, and usually requires a prototype to be constructed to benchmark performance. Building a custom benchmark suite is however costly and tedious. This demonstration illustrates an approach for generating customized component-based benchmark applications using a Model Driven Architecture (MDA) approach. All the platform related plumbing and basic performance testing routines are encapsulated in MDA generation "cartridges" along with default implementations of testing logic. We will show how to use a tailored version of the UML 2.0 Testing Profile to model a customized load testing client. The performance configuration (such as transaction mix and spiking simulations) can also be modeled using the UML model. Executing the generated deployable code will collect the performance testing data automatically. The tool implementation is based on a widely used open source MDA framework AndroMDA. We extended it by providing a cartridge for a performance testing tailored version of the UML 2.0 Testing Profile. Essentially, we use OObased meta-modeling in designing and implementing a lightweight performance testing domain specific language with supporting infrastructure on top of the existing UML testing standard.

Liming Zhu; Yan Liu; Ian Gorton; Ngoc Bao Bui

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Benchmarking and Self-Assessment in the Wine Industry  

SciTech Connect

Not all industrial facilities have the staff or theopportunity to perform a detailed audit of their operations. The lack ofknowledge of energy efficiency opportunities provides an importantbarrier to improving efficiency. Benchmarking programs in the U.S. andabroad have shown to improve knowledge of the energy performance ofindustrial facilities and buildings and to fuel energy managementpractices. Benchmarking provides a fair way to compare the energyintensity of plants, while accounting for structural differences (e.g.,the mix of products produced, climate conditions) between differentfacilities. In California, the winemaking industry is not only one of theeconomic pillars of the economy; it is also a large energy consumer, witha considerable potential for energy-efficiency improvement. LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory and Fetzer Vineyards developed the firstbenchmarking tool for the California wine industry called "BEST(Benchmarking and Energy and water Savings Tool) Winery". BEST Wineryenables a winery to compare its energy efficiency to a best practicereference winery. Besides overall performance, the tool enables the userto evaluate the impact of implementing efficiency measures. The toolfacilitates strategic planning of efficiency measures, based on theestimated impact of the measures, their costs and savings. The tool willraise awareness of current energy intensities and offer an efficient wayto evaluate the impact of future efficiency measures.

Galitsky, Christina; Radspieler, Anthony; Worrell, Ernst; Healy,Patrick; Zechiel, Susanne

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Commercial Lighting and LED Lighting Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Incentives for energy efficient commercial lighting equipment as well as commercial LED lighting equipment are available to businesses under the Efficiency Vermont Lighting and LED Lighting...

387

Northern Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern Lights Northern Lights Nature Bulletin No. 178-A February 6, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation NORTHERN LIGHTS To a person seeing the Aurora Borealis or "northern lights" for the first time, it is an uncanny awe-inspiring spectacle. Sometimes it begins as a glow of red on the northern horizon, ominously suggesting a great fire, gradually changing to a curtain of violet-white, or greenish-yellow light extending from east to west. Some times this may be transformed to appear as fold upon fold of luminous draperies that march majestically across the sky; sometimes as a vast multitude of gigantic flaming swords furiously slashing at the heavens; sometimes as a flowing crown with long undulating colored streamers fanning downward and outward.

388

Method for fabricating prescribed flaws in the interior of metals  

SciTech Connect

The method for fabricating a metal body having a flaw of predetermined size and shape located therein comprises placing half of the metal powder required to make the metal body in the die of a press and pressing it to create a flat upper surface thereon. A piece of copper foil is cut to the size and shape of the desired interior crack and placed on the upper surface of the powder and centered in position. The remaining powder is then placed in the die to cover the copper foil. The powder is first cold pressed and removed from the press. The powder metal piece is then sintered in a furnace at a temperature above the melting point of the copper and below the melting point of the metal. It is then removed from the furnace, cooled to room temperature, and placed back in the die and pressed further. This procedure results in an interior flaw or crack. Modified forms of the method involve using a press-sinter-press-sinter cycle with the first sinter being below the melting point of the copper and the second sinter being above the melting point of the copper and below the melting point of the metal.

Hsu, David K. (Ames, IA); Thompson, Donald O. (Ames, IA)

1989-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR F  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR F e d e r a l C e n t e r , D e n v e r , Colorado 80225 RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF WATER FROM SELECTED STREAMS AND PRECIPITATION COLLECTED IMMEDIATELY BEFORE AND AFTER THE SECOND PRODUCTION-TEST FLARING, PROJECT RULISON ( R u l i s o n - 1 0 ) a 1 9 7 1 P r e p a r e d U n d e r A g r e e m e n t No. A T ( 2 9 - 2 ) -474 '. f o r the N e v a d a Operations Office . . DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. . . USGS -474 - 1 2 2 R u l i sdn- 10 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY F e d e r a l C e n t e r , D e n v e r , C o l o r a d o 8 0 2 2 5 RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF WATER FROM SELECTED STREAMS AND PRECIPITATION COLLECTED IMMEDIATELY BEFORE AND AFTER THE S EC OND PRODUCTION- TES T FLARING,

390

Imaging the Earth's Interior: the Angular Distribution of Terrestrial Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decays of radionuclides throughout the Earth's interior produce geothermal heat, but also are a source of antineutrinos. The (angle-integrated) geoneutrino flux places an integral constraint on the terrestrial radionuclide distribution. In this paper, we calculate the angular distribution of geoneutrinos, which opens a window on the differential radionuclide distribution. We develop the general formalism for the neutrino angular distribution, and we present the inverse transformation which recovers the terrestrial radioisotope distribution given a measurement of the neutrino angular distribution. Thus, geoneutrinos not only allow a means to image the Earth's interior, but offering a direct measure of the radioactive Earth, both (1) revealing the Earth's inner structure as probed by radionuclides, and (2) allowing for a complete determination of the radioactive heat generation as a function of radius. We present the geoneutrino angular distribution for the favored Earth model which has been used to calculate geoneutrino flux. In this model the neutrino generation is dominated by decays in the Earth's mantle and crust; this leads to a very ``peripheral'' angular distribution, in which 2/3 of the neutrinos come from angles > 60 degrees away from the downward vertical. We note the possibility of that the Earth's core contains potassium; different geophysical predictions lead to strongly varying, and hence distinguishable, central intensities (< 30 degrees from the downward vertical). Other uncertainties in the models, and prospects for observation of the geoneutrino angular distribution, are briefly discussed. We conclude by urging the development and construction of antineutrino experiments with angular sensitivity. (Abstract abridged.)

Brian D. Fields; Kathrin A. Hochmuth

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

SciTech Connect

This study predicts new hybrid lighting applications for LEDs. In hybrid lighting, LEDs provide a low-energy 'standby' light level while another, more powerful, efficient light source provides light for occupied periods. Lighting controls will allow the two light sources to work together through an appropriate control strategy, typically motion-sensing. There are no technical barriers preventing the use of low through high CRI LEDs for standby lighting in many interior and exterior applications today. The total luminous efficacy of LED systems could be raised by increasing the electrical efficiency of LED drivers to the maximum practically achievable level (94%). This would increase system luminous efficacy by 20-25%. The expected market volumes for many types of LEDs should justify the evolution of new LED drivers that use highly efficient ICs and reduce parts count by means of ASICs. Reducing their electronics parts count by offloading discrete components onto integrated circuits (IC) will allow manufacturers to reduce the cost of LED driver electronics. LED luminaire manufacturers will increasingly integrate the LED driver and thermal management directly in the LED fixture. LED luminaires of the future will likely have no need for separable lamp and ballast because the equipment life of all the LED luminaire components will all be about the same (50,000 hours). The controls and communications techniques used for communicating with conventional light sources, such as dimmable fluorescent lighting, are appropriate for LED illumination for energy management purposes. DALI has been used to control LED systems in new applications and the emerging ZigBee protocol could be used for LEDs as well. Major lighting companies are already moving in this direction. The most significant finding is that there is a significant opportunity to use LEDs today for standby lighting purposes. Conventional lighting systems can be made more efficient still by using LEDs to provide a low-energy standby state when lower light levels are acceptable.

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

392

Controls for Solid-State Lighting  

SciTech Connect

This study predicts new hybrid lighting applications for LEDs. In hybrid lighting, LEDs provide a low-energy 'standby' light level while another, more powerful, efficient light source provides light for occupied periods. Lighting controls will allow the two light sources to work together through an appropriate control strategy, typically motion-sensing. There are no technical barriers preventing the use of low through high CRI LEDs for standby lighting in many interior and exterior applications today. The total luminous efficacy of LED systems could be raised by increasing the electrical efficiency of LED drivers to the maximum practically achievable level (94%). This would increase system luminous efficacy by 20-25%. The expected market volumes for many types of LEDs should justify the evolution of new LED drivers that use highly efficient ICs and reduce parts count by means of ASICs. Reducing their electronics parts count by offloading discrete components onto integrated circuits (IC) will allow manufacturers to reduce the cost of LED driver electronics. LED luminaire manufacturers will increasingly integrate the LED driver and thermal management directly in the LED fixture. LED luminaires of the future will likely have no need for separable lamp and ballast because the equipment life of all the LED luminaire components will all be about the same (50,000 hours). The controls and communications techniques used for communicating with conventional light sources, such as dimmable fluorescent lighting, are appropriate for LED illumination for energy management purposes. DALI has been used to control LED systems in new applications and the emerging ZigBee protocol could be used for LEDs as well. Major lighting companies are already moving in this direction. The most significant finding is that there is a significant opportunity to use LEDs today for standby lighting purposes. Conventional lighting systems can be made more efficient still by using LEDs to provide a low-energy standby state when lower light levels are acceptable.

Rubinstein, Francis

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

393

Light Organizing/Organizing Light [Light in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a street through alter­ nating areas of dark and light, welandscapes, streets and squares. Light summons our spiritfor changing light, both outside rooms (such as streets and

Schwartz, Martin

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Integral Benchmark Data for Nuclear Data Testing Through the ICSBEP & IRPhEP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The status of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) and International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was last discussed directly with the nuclear data community at ND2007. Since ND2007, integral benchmark data that are available for nuclear data testing have increased significantly. The status of the ICSBEP and the IRPhEP is discussed and selected benchmark configurations that have been added to the ICSBEP and IRPhEP Handbooks since ND2007 are highlighted.

J. Blair Briggs; John D. Bess; Jim Gulliford; Ian Hill

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Benchmarks for new strong interactions at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New strong interactions at the LHC may exhibit a richer structure than expected from simply rescaling QCD to the electroweak scale. In fact, a departure from rescaled QCD is required for compatibility with electroweak constraints. To navigate the space of possible scenarios, we use a simple framework, based on a 5D model with modifications of AdS geometry in the infrared. In the parameter space, we select two points with particularly interesting phenomenology. For these benchmark points, we explore the discovery of triplets of vector and axial resonances at the LHC.

J. Hirn; A. Martin; V. Sanz

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

396

Quantum benchmark for storage and transmission of coherent states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the storage and transmission of a Gaussian distributed set of coherent states of continuous variable systems. We prove a limit on the average fidelity achievable when the states are transmitted or stored by a classical channel, i.e., a measure and repreparation scheme which sends or stores classical information only. The obtained bound is tight and serves as a benchmark which has to be surpassed by quantum channels in order to outperform any classical strategy. The success in experimental demonstrations of quantum memories as well as quantum teleportation has to be judged on this footing.

K. Hammerer; M. M. Wolf; E. S. Polzik; J. I. Cirac

2004-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

397

Benchmarking and Performance Improvement at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) has initiated a major work process improvement campaign using the tools of formalized benchmarking and streamlining. This paper provides insights into some of the process improvement activities performed at Rocky Flats from November 1995 through December 1996. It reviews the background, motivation, methodology, results, and lessons learned from this ongoing effort. The paper also presents important gains realized through process analysis and improvement including significant cost savings, productivity improvements, and an enhanced understanding of site work processes.

Elliott, C. [Kaiser-Hill Co., LLC, Golden, CO (United States)], Doyle, D. [USDOE Rocky Flats Office, Golden, CO (United States)], Featherman, W.D. [Project Performance Corp., Sterline, VA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

398

CASMO-3/SIMULATE-3 benchmarking against Vermont Yankee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cross-section generation code CASMO-3 and the advanced nodal code SIMULATE-3 are used to model Vermont Yankee (VY) cycles 9 through 13. Vermont Yankee is a small, high-power density boiling water reactor (BWR)-3 reactor. Cycles 9 through 13 were chosen for benchmarking because they have high-enrichment cores and use gamma-sensing traversing in-core probes (TIPs). To judge the merit of the new CASMO-3/SIMULATE-3 model, the results are compared to the old CASMO-2/SIMULATE-2 model. The figures of merit are consistent hot and cold eigenvalues near 1.0 and accurate reproduction of the plant TIP readings.

Hubbard, B.Y.; Morin, D.J.; Pappas, J.; Potter, R.C.; Woehlke, R.A. (Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (USA))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Benchmark problems in which equality plays the major role  

SciTech Connect

We have recently heard rumors that researchers are again studying paramodulation [Wos87] in the context of strategy for its control. In part to facilitate such research, and in part to provide test problems for evaluating other approaches to equality-oriented reasoning, we offer in this article a set of benchmark problems in which equality plays the dominant role. The test problems are taken from group theory, Robbins algebra, combinatory logic, and other areas. For each problem, we include appropriate clauses and comment as to its status with regard to provability by an unaided automated reasoning program.

Lusk, E.; Wos, L.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Benchmark problems in which equality plays the major role  

SciTech Connect

We have recently heard rumors that researchers are again studying paramodulation (Wos87) in the context of strategy for its control. In part to facilitate such research, and in part to provide test problems for evaluating other approaches to equality-oriented reasoning, we offer in this article a set of benchmark problems in which equality plays the dominant role. The test problems are taken from group theory, Robbins algebra, combinatory logic, and other areas. For each problem, we include appropriate clauses and comment as to its status with regard to provability by an unaided automated reasoning program.

Lusk, E.; Wos, L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Benchmarking quantum control methods on a 12-qubit system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, we present an experimental benchmark of operational control methods in quantum information processors extended up to 12 qubits. We implement universal control of this large Hilbert space using two complementary approaches and discuss their accuracy and scalability. Despite decoherence, we were able to reach a 12-coherence state (or 12-qubits pseudo-pure cat state), and decode it into an 11 qubit plus one qutrit labeled observable pseudo-pure state using liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance quantum information processors.

C. Negrevergne; T. S. Mahesh; C. A. Ryan; M. Ditty; F. Cyr-Racine; W. Power; N. Boulant; T. Havel; D. G. Cory; R. Laflamme

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

402

2D and 3D Numerical Modeling of Solidification Benchmark of Sn-3 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benchmark experiment consists in solidifying a rectangular ingot of Sn-3% wt . Pb alloys, by using two lateral heat exchangers which allow extracting heat ...

403

Benchmark suites for improving the RDF(S) importers and exporters of ontology development tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Interoperability is the ability of two or more systems to interchange information and to use the information that has been interchanged. Nowadays, interoperability between ontology development tools is low. Therefore, to assess and improve this interoperability, we propose to perform a benchmarking of the interoperability of ontology development tools using RDF(S) as the interchange language. This paper presents, on the one hand, the interoperability benchmarking that is currently in progress in Knowledge Web 1 and, on the other, the benchmark suites defined and used in this benchmarking. 1

Raúl García-castro; Asunción Gómez-pérez

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Guideline for benchmarking thermal treatment systems for low-level mixed waste  

SciTech Connect

A process for benchmarking low-level mixed waste (LLMW) treatment technologies has been developed. When used in conjunction with the identification and preparation of surrogate waste mixtures, and with defined quality assurance and quality control procedures, the benchmarking process will effectively streamline the selection of treatment technologies being considered by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for LLMW cleanup and management. Following the quantitative template provided in the benchmarking process will greatly increase the technical information available for the decision-making process. The additional technical information will remove a large part of the uncertainty in the selection of treatment technologies. It is anticipated that the use of the benchmarking process will minimize technology development costs and overall treatment costs. In addition, the benchmarking process will enhance development of the most promising LLMW treatment processes and aid in transferring the technology to the private sector. To instill inherent quality, the benchmarking process is based on defined criteria and a structured evaluation format, which are independent of any specific conventional treatment or emerging process technology. Five categories of benchmarking criteria have been developed for the evaluation: operation/design; personnel health and safety; economics; product quality; and environmental quality. This benchmarking document gives specific guidance on what information should be included and how it should be presented. A standard format for reporting is included in Appendix A and B of this document. Special considerations for LLMW are presented and included in each of the benchmarking categories.

Hoffman, D.P.; Gibson, L.V. Jr.; Hermes, W.H. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bastian, R.E. [Focus Environmental, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Davis, W.T. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Assessment of Applying the PMaC Prediction Framework to NERSC-5 SSP Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PMaC Prediction Framework to NERSC-5 SSP Benchmarks SummerAuthor: Noel Keen Introduction NERSC procurement depends onbenchmarks, in particular the NERSC SSP. Machine vendors are

Keen, Noel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Energy Benchmarking And Energy Saving Assessment In High-Rise Multi-Unit Residential Buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of energy benchmarking is to promote efficient use of energy. Knowing that the energy used by a building is excessive is the first… (more)

Huang, Yirong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Strategies for energy benchmarking in cleanrooms and laboratory-type facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Environmental Research (CEDR) examined methods forbe operated efficiently. CEDR constructed a benchmark toolperformance metrics. The CEDR tool has been developed with

Sartor, Dale; Piette, Mary Ann; Tschudi, William; Fok, Stephen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Initial rotor position estimation for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents an initial rotor position estimation method for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drives. The method injects signals into the stationary… (more)

Yang, Yan.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

MULTIPLE CHISEL STRUCTURE FOR DISINTEGRATING AND REMOVING INCRUSTATIONS FROM INTERIOR WALLS OF RECEPTACLES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This device is designed to remove sublimate or incrustations from the interior of a vessel, being operable from the outside through appropriate seals.

Prescott, C.H.

1951-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

410

Local Analysis of the Feasible Primal-Dual Interior-Point Method R ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. Silva ?. J. Soares †. L. N. Vicente ‡. Abstract. In this paper we analyze the rate of local convergence of the Newton primal-dual interior- point method when ...

411

Institute of Computer Science Trust-region interior-point method for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Trust -region interior-point method for. large sparse l1 optimization. L.Lukšan, C.

412

Institute of Computer Science Primal interior-point method for large ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Primal interior-point method for large sparse minimax optimization. L.Lukšan, C.

413

Hygro-Thermal Performance of Imperfectly Protected Below-Grade Walls with Interior Insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the performance of three different types of insulation installed in the interior of a basement wall system in a below-grade wall system.… (more)

Wolfgang, Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects Seattle City Light - Built Smart Program for Builders and Architects < Back Eligibility Construction Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Windows: $0.39 - $1.55/sq. ft. Ceiling Insulation: $0.12-$0.23/sq. ft. Wall Insulation: $0.08 - $0.41/sq. ft. Slab Insulation: $0.13/sq. ft. Exterior Common Area Lighting Fixtures: $30/fixture Interior Common Area Lighting Fixtures: $0.20/first year kWh savings

415

Interior Bureau of Land Management Battle Mountain District Office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of the United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Battle Mountain District Office Battle Mountain Nevada November 19, 2010 Tonopah Field Office Tonopah, Nevada FES-10-57 N-86292 DOI-BLM-NVB020-2009-0104-EIS Tonopah Solar Energy, LLC Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project Final Environmental Impact Statement Proposed Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project: Final EIS| ii BLM Mission Statement It is the mission of the Bureau of Land Management to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. BLM/NV/BM/EIS/10/30+1793 DOI No. FES 10-57 http://www.blm.gov/nv/stlenlfo/battle_mountain_field.html In Reply Refer To: N-86292 DOI-BLM-NVBO2O-2009-0 1 04-EIS 2800 (NVB0200) Dear

416

I~ Central Nevada-40 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i i I~ Central Nevada-40 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 USGS-474-90 SUMMARY OF HYDRAULIC TESTING IN AND CHEMICAL ANALYSES OF WATER SAMPLES FROM DEEP EXPLORATORY HOLES IN LITTLE FISH LAKE, MONITOR, HOT CREEK, AND LITTLE SMOKY VALLEYS, NEVADA By George A. Dinwiddie and leRoy J. Schroder ,.....---'-------.,... NOT ICE - - - - - - - - - - , .This report was prepared as an account of work . sponsored by. the. United States Government. Neither the United States nor the ·United States Atomic Energy Commission, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accurac y, com- pleteness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or represents that its

417

System Cost Analysis for an Interior Permanent Magnet Motor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to provide an assessment of the cost structure for an interior permanent magnet ('IPM') motor which is designed to meet the 2010 FreedomCAR specification. The program is to evaluate the range of viable permanent magnet materials for an IPM motor, including sintered and bonded grades of rare earth magnets. The study considers the benefits of key processing steps, alternative magnet shapes and their assembly methods into the rotor (including magnetization), and any mechanical stress or temperature limits. The motor's costs are estimated for an annual production quantity of 200,000 units, and are broken out into such major components as magnetic raw materials, processing and manufacturing. But this is essentially a feasibility study of the motor's electromagnetic design, and is not intended to include mechanical or thermal studies as would be done to work up a selected design for production.

Peter Campbell

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The quest for solar gravity modes: probing the solar interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar gravity modes are the best probes to improve our knowledge on the solar interior, as they spend most of their time in the radiative zone, which represents 98% of the solar mass. Many attempts have been led to observe them using different techniques: either individually, then adding some statistical approach or more recently, globally leading to the detection of the signature of asymptotical properties of these modes. Then, several theoretical works have been done to quantify the effect of detecting g-mode on solar modeling and on the rotation profile. We will give here an update on the g-mode detection. Then, we will study an example of a theoretical work showing how their detection would improve our knowledge on the dynamics of the solar core as well as an application on the detection of the global properties to infer some physical inputs in solar models.

Mathur, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Lighting Facts on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium Design Competitions LED Lighting Facts LED lighting facts - A Program of the U.S. DOE DOE's LED Lighting Facts® program showcases LED products for general

420

Benchmark study of TRIPOLI-4 through experiment and MCNP codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliability on simulation results is essential in nuclear physics. Although MCNP5 and MCNPX are the world widely used 3D Monte Carlo radiation transport codes, alternative Monte Carlo simulation tools exist to simulate neutral and charged particles' interactions with matter. Therefore, benchmark are required in order to validate these simulation codes. For instance, TRIPOLI-4.7, developed at the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission for neutron and photon transport, now also provides the user with a full feature electron-photon electromagnetic shower. Whereas the reliability of TRIPOLI-4.7 for neutron and photon transport has been validated yet, the new development regarding electron-photon matter interaction needs additional validation benchmarks. We will thus demonstrate how accurately TRIPOLI-4's 'deposited spectrum' tally can simulate gamma spectrometry problems, compared to MCNP's 'F8' tally. The experimental setup is based on an HPGe detector measuring the decay spectrum of an {sup 152}Eu source. These results are then compared with those given by MCNPX 2.6d and TRIPOLI-4 codes. This paper deals with both the experimental aspect and simulation. We will demonstrate that TRIPOLI-4 is a potential alternative to both MCNPX and MCNP5 for gamma-electron interaction simulation. (authors)

Michel, M. [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Capteurs et Architectures Electroniques, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Coulon, R. [Canberra France, F-78182 Saint Quentin en Yvelines (France); Normand, S. [CEA, LIST, Laboratoire Capteurs et Architectures Electroniques, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Huot, N.; Petit, O. [CEA, DEN DANS, SERMA, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Benchmarking of Graphite Reflected Critical Assemblies of UO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of experiments were carried out in 1963 at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility (ORCEF) for use in space reactor research programs. A core containing 93.2% enriched UO2 fuel rods was used in these experiments. The first part of the experimental series consisted of 253 tightly-packed fuel rods (1.27 cm triangular pitch) with graphite reflectors [1], the second part used 253 graphite-reflected fuel rods organized in a 1.506 cm triangular pitch [2], and the final part of the experimental series consisted of 253 beryllium-reflected fuel rods with a 1.506 cm triangular pitch. [3] Fission rate distribution and cadmium ratio measurements were taken for all three parts of the experimental series. Reactivity coefficient measurements were taken for various materials placed in the beryllium reflected core. The first part of this experimental series has been evaluated for inclusion in the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) [4] and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbooks, [5] and is discussed below. These experiments are of interest as benchmarks because they support the validation of compact reactor designs with similar characteristics to the design parameters for a space nuclear fission surface power systems. [6

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Criticality Benchmark Analysis of Water-Reflected Uranium Oxyfluoride Slabs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of twelve experiments were conducted in the mid 1950's at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility to determine the critical conditions of a semi-infinite water-reflected slab of aqueous uranium oxyfluoride (UO2F2). A different slab thickness was used for each experiment. Results from the twelve experiment recorded in the laboratory notebook were published in Reference 1. Seven of the twelve experiments were determined to be acceptable benchmark experiments for the inclusion in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. This evaluation will not only be available to handbook users for the validation of computer codes and integral cross-section data, but also for the reevaluation of experimental data used in the ANSI/ANS-8.1 standard. This evaluation is important as part of the technical basis of the subcritical slab limits in ANSI/ANS-8.1. The original publication of the experimental results was used for the determination of bias and bias uncertainties for subcritical slab limits, as documented by Hugh Clark's paper 'Subcritical Limits for Uranium-235 Systems'.

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Model-Based Engineering and Manufacturing CAD/CAM Benchmark  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Benehmark Project was created from a desire to identify best practices and improve the overall efficiency and performance of the Y-12 Plant's systems and personnel supprting the manufacturing mission. The mission of the benchmark team was to search out industry leaders in manufacturing and evaluate lheir engineering practices and processes to determine direction and focus fm Y-12 modmizadon efforts. The companies visited included several large established companies and anew, small, high-tech machining firm. As a result of this efforL changes are recommended that will enable Y-12 to become a more responsive cost-effective manufacturing facility capable of suppordng the needs of the Nuclear Weapons Complex (NW@) and Work Fw Others into the 21' century. The benchmark team identified key areas of interest, both focused and gencml. The focus arm included Human Resources, Information Management, Manufacturing Software Tools, and Standarda/ Policies and Practices. Areas of general interest included Inhstructure, Computer Platforms and Networking, and Organizational Structure. The method for obtaining the desired information in these areas centered on the creation of a benchmark questionnaire. The questionnaire was used throughout each of the visits as the basis for information gathering. The results of this benchmark showed that all companies are moving in the direction of model-based engineering and manufacturing. There was evidence that many companies are trying to grasp how to manage current and legacy data. In terms of engineering design software tools, the companies contacted were using both 3-D solid modeling and surfaced Wire-frame models. The manufacturing computer tools were varie4 with most companies using more than one software product to generate machining data and none currently performing model-based manufacturing (MBM) ftom a common medel. The majority of companies were closer to identifying or using a single computer-aided design (CAD) system than a single computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) system. The Inteznet was a technology that all companies were considering to either transport information more easily throughout the corporation or as a conduit for business, as the small firm was doing Successfully. Because PrdEngineer is the de facto CAD standard fbr the NWC, the Benchmark Team targeted companies using Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC) software tools. Most of the companies used Pm'Engineer for design to some degree, but found the PTC CAM product, PdManufacture lacking as compared to alternate CAM solutions. All of the companies visited fOund the data exchange between CAD/CAM systems problematic. It was apparent that these companies were trying to consolidate their software tools to reduce translation but had not been able to do so because no single solution had all the needed capabilities. In regard to organizational slructure and human resoukes, two companies were found to be using product or program teams. These teams consisted of the technical staff capable of completing the entire task and were xmintained throughout the project. This same strategy was evident at another of the companies but with more mobility of members. For all eornpanies visited except the small ~ work structure breakdown and responsibility were essentially the same as Y-12's at this time. The functions of numerical control (NC), desi~ and process planning were separate and distinct. The team made numerous recommendations that are detailed in the report.

Domm, T.D.; Underwood, R.S.

1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

424

Lighting In the Library: A Student Energy Audit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In In the Library A Student Energy Audit Lighting In the Library A Student Energy Audit . . O FFICE OF E NERGY E FFICIENCY AND R ENEWABLE E NERGY O FFICE OF B UILDING T ECHNOLOGY, S TATE AND C OMMUNITY P ROGRAMS Table of Contents Description Page Introduction Overview and goals of the current and planned school energy audit activities ....................................................................................... 1 Background information on school energy issues .................................................................................................................................... 1 National science and mathematics content standards and benchmarks ................................................................................................. 2 Assessment discussion .............................................................................................................................................................................

425

Automatic lighting controls demonstration: Long-term results  

SciTech Connect

An advanced electronically ballasted lighting control system was installed in a portion of an office building to measure the energy and demand savings. The lighting control system used an integrated lighting control scenario that included daylight following, lumen depreciation correction, and scheduling. The system reduced lighting energy on weekdays by 62% and 51% in the north and south daylit zones, respectively, compared to a reference zone that did not have controls. During the summer, over 75% energy savings were achieved on weekdays in the north daylit zone. Even in the south interior zone, which benefitted lime from daylight, correction strategies and adjustment of the aisleway lights to a low level resulted in energy use of only half that of the reference zone. Although, in general, the savings varied over the year due to changing daylight conditions, the energy reduction achieved with controls could be fit using a simple analytical model. Significant savings also occurred during core operating hours when it is more expensive to supply and use energy. Compared to the usage in the reference zone, energy reductions of 49%, 44%, and 62% were measured in the south daylight, south interior, and north daylight zones, respectively, during core operating hours throughout the year. Lighting energy usage on weekends decreased dramatically in the zones with controls, with the usage in the north daylit zone only 10% that of the reference zone. A simple survey developed to assess occupant response to the lighting control system showed that the occupants were satisfied with the light levels provided.

Rubinstein, F. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1991-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

426

ENDF/B-VII.1 Neutron Cross Section Data Testing with Critical Assembly Benchmarks and Reactor Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is the latest revision to the United States' Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF). The ENDF library is currently in its seventh generation, with ENDF/B-VII.0 being released in 2006. This revision expands upon that library, including the addition of new evaluated files (was 393 neutron files previously, now 418 including replacement of elemental vanadium and zinc evaluations with isotopic evaluations) and extension or updating of many existing neutron data files. Complete details are provided in the companion paper [1]. This paper focuses on how accurately application libraries may be expected to perform in criticality calculations with these data. Continuous energy cross section libraries, suitable for use with the MCNP Monte Carlo transport code, have been generated and applied to a suite of nearly one thousand critical benchmark assemblies defined in the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project's International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. This suite covers uranium and plutonium fuel systems in a variety of forms such as metallic, oxide or solution, and under a variety of spectral conditions, including unmoderated (i.e., bare), metal reflected and water or other light element reflected. Assembly eigenvalues that were accurately predicted with ENDF/B-VII.0 cross sections such as unmoderated and uranium reflected 235U and 239Pu assemblies, HEU solution systems and LEU oxide lattice systems that mimic commercial PWR configurations continue to be accurately calculated with ENDF/B-VII.1 cross sections, and deficiencies in predicted eigenvalues for assemblies containing selected materials, including titanium, manganese, cadmium and tungsten are greatly reduced. Improvements are also confirmed for selected actinide reaction rates such as 236U capture. Other deficiencies, such as the overprediction of Pu solution system critical eigenvalues and a decreasing trend in calculated eigenvalue for 233U fueled systems as a function of Above-Thermal Fission Fraction remain. The comprehensive nature of this critical benchmark suite and the generally accurate calculated eigenvalues obtained with ENDF/B-VII.1 neutron cross sections support the conclusion that this is the most accurate general purpose ENDF/B cross section library yet released to the technical community.

G. Palmiotti

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Lighting and Human Performance II: Beyond Visibility Models Toward a Unified Human Factors Approach to Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the relationship between lighting conditions and human performance, it is first necessary to identify the routes by which lighting conditions can affect human performance. There are three such routes: the visual system, the circadian photobiological system, and the perceptual system. This report updates and replaces an earlier work and explores the relationship between lighting conditions and the ability to carry out tasks in interiors.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

428

Computational Benchmark Calculations Relevant to the Neutronic Design of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) will provide an intense source of low-energy neutrons for experimental use. The low-energy neutrons are produced by the interaction of a high-energy (1.0 GeV) proton beam on a mercury (Hg) target and slowed down in liquid hydrogen or light water moderators. Computer codes and computational techniques are being benchmarked against relevant experimental data to validate and verify the tools being used to predict the performance of the SNS. The LAHET Code System (LCS), which includes LAHET, HTAPE ad HMCNP (a modified version of MCNP version 3b), have been applied to the analysis of experiments that were conducted in the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). In the AGS experiments, foils of various materials were placed around a mercury-filled stainless steel cylinder, which was bombarded with protons at 1.6 GeV. Neutrons created in the mercury target, activated the foils. Activities of the relevant isotopes were accurately measured and compared with calculated predictions. Measurements at BNL were provided in part by collaborating scientists from JAERI as part of the AGS Spallation Target Experiment (ASTE) collaboration. To date, calculations have shown good agreement with measurements.

Gallmeier, F.X.; Glasgow, D.C.; Jerde, E.A.; Johnson, J.O.; Yugo, J.J.

1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

429

MELCOR-H2 Benchmarking of the SNL Transient Sulfuric Acid Decomposition Experiments  

SciTech Connect

MELCOR is a world-renowned nuclear reactor safety analysis code that is used to simulate both light water and gas-cooled reactors. MELCOR-H2 is an extension of MELCOR that can model detailed nuclear reactors that are fully coupled with modular secondary-system components and the sulfur iodine (SI) thermochemical cycle for the generation of hydrogen and electricity. The models are applicable to both steady state and transient calculations. Previous work has shown that the hydrogen generation rate calculated by MELCOR-H2 for the SI cycle was within the expected theoretical yield, thus providing a macroscopic confirmation that MELCOR-H2's computational approach is reasonable. However, in order to better quantify its adequacy, benchmarking of the code with experimental data is required. Sulfuric acid decomposition experiments were conducted during late 2006 at Sandia National Laboratories, and MELCOR-H2 was used to simulate them. We developed an input deck based on the experiment's geometry, as well as the initial and boundary conditions, and then proceeded to compare the experimental acid conversion efficiency and SO{sub 2} production data with the code output. The comparison showed that the simulation output was typically within less than 10% of experimental data, and that key experimental data trends such as acid conversion efficiency, molar acid flow rate, and solution mole % were computed adequately by the MELCOR-H2. (authors)

Rodriguez, Sal B.; Gauntt, Randall O.; Gelbard, Fred; Pickard, Paul; Cole, Randy; McFadden, Katherine; Drennen, Tom; Martin, Billy [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, MS 0748, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0748 (United States); Louie, David; Archuleta, Louis [OMICRON Safety and Risk (United States); Revankar, Shripad T. [Purdue University (United States); Vierow, Karen [University of Texas A and M (United States); El-Genk, Mohamed; Tournier, Jean Michel [University of New Mexico (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Blind Benchmark Calculations for Melt Spreading in the ECOSTAR Project  

SciTech Connect

The Project ECOSTAR (5. EC Framework Programme) on Ex-Vessel Core Melt Stabilisation Research is oriented towards the analysis and mitigation of severe accident sequences that could occur in the ex-vessel phase of a postulated core melt accident. Spreading of the corium melt on the available basement surface is an important process, which defines the initial conditions for concrete attack and for the efficiency of cooling in case of water contact, respectively. The transfer and spreading of the melt on the basement is one of the major issues in ECOSTAR. This is addressed here by a spreading code benchmark involving a large-scale spreading experiment that is used for the validation of the existing spreading codes. The corium melt is simulated by a mixture of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, SiO{sub 2}, CaO and FeO with a sufficiently wide freezing interval. In the 3-dim benchmark test ECOKATS-1 170 litres of oxide melt are poured onto a 3 m by 4 m concrete surface with a low flow rate of about 2 l/s. From the results of an additional 2-dim channel experiment some basic rheological data (e.g. initial viscosity) are obtained in order to minimise the uncertainty in material properties of the melt. The participating spreading codes CORFLOW (Framatome ANP/FZK), LAVA (GRS), and THEMA (CEA) differ from each other by their focus of modelling and the assumptions made to simplify the relevant transport equations. In a first step both experiments (3-dim/2-dim) are calculated blindly by the participating codes. This serves for an overall assessment of the codes capabilities to predict the spreading of a melt with rather unknown material properties. In a second step the 3-dim experiment ECOKATS-1 is recalculated by the codes with the more precise knowledge of the rheological behaviour of the oxide melt in the 2-dim experiment. This, in addition, serves for the validation of the codes' capabilities to predict the spreading of a melt with well-known material properties. Based on the benchmark results and taking the specific validation process for each of the three codes applied into account, it is recommended that the spreading issue for reactor safety research be considered closed. (authors)

Spengler, C.; Allelein, H.J. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit, Schwertnergasse 1, 50667 Cologne (Germany); Foit, J.J.; Alsmeyer, H. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, P.O. Box 36 40, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Spindler, B.; Veteau, J.M. [CEA, 17, rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Artnik, J.; Fischer, M. [Framatome ANP, P.O. Box 32 20, 91050 Erlangen (Germany)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Benchmarking european airports based on a profitability envelope: a break-even analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a simplified benchmarking methodology is presented. This new approach is based on the computation of a discrete envelope over distributed data points. Financial and operational data from 139 European airports in 10 countries was collected ... Keywords: airport benchmarking, break-even analysis, profit maximization

Branko Bubalo

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Nuclear Data Performance Testing Using Sensitive, but Less Frequently Used ICSBEP Benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) has published the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments annually since 1995. The Handbook now spans over 51,000 pages with benchmark specifications for 4,283 critical, near critical, or subcritical configurations; 24 criticality alarm placement/shielding configurations with multiple dose points for each; and 200 configurations that have been categorized as fundamental physics measurements relevant to criticality safety applications. Benchmark data in the ICSBEP Handbook were originally intended for validation of criticality safety methods and data; however, the benchmark specifications are now used extensively for nuclear data testing. There are several, less frequently used benchmarks within the Handbook that are very sensitive to thorium and certain key structural and moderating materials. Calculated results for many of those benchmarks using modern nuclear data libraries suggest there is still room for improvement. These and other highly sensitive, but rarely quoted benchmarks are highlighted and data testing results provided using the Monte Carlo N-Particle Version 5 (MCNP5) code and continuous energy ENDF/B-V, VI.8, and VII.0, JEFF-3.1, and JENDL-3.3 nuclear data libraries.

J. Blair Briggs; John D. Bess

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Energy characterization of mobile devices and applications using power-thermal benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power consumption and heat dissipation are the major factors that limit the performance and mobility of battery-powered devices. As they become key elements in the design of mobile devices and their applications, different power and thermal management ... Keywords: Energy characterization, Power benchmark, Power management, Thermal benchmark, Thermal management

Marius Marcu; Dacian Tudor; Horatiu Moldovan; Sebastian Fuicu; Mircea Popa

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Preliminary analysis of feasible benchmark problems for the hydrid PRAM/NUMA REPLICA architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study benchmarking on modern chip multi-processors (CMP), and outline a set of programs to measure the architectural performance properties, focusing on the REPLICA architecture employing a hybrid of PRAM and NUMA computational models. We analyse ... Keywords: benchmarking, multi-core, parallel computing, processor architecture

Jari-Matti Mäkelä; Ville Leppänen; Martti Forsell

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

PenguinoMeter: a new file-I/O benchmark for Linux®  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PenguinoMeter is a new open-source benchmark for Linux that measures file-system data transfer rates. PenguinoMeter allows the user to specify the file-system workload to be used in the benchmark in a very flexible manner. The workload specification ...

Ray Bryant; Dave Raddatz; Roger Sunshine

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Towards using and improving the NAS parallel benchmarks: a parallel patterns approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NAS parallel benchmarks, originally developed by NASA for evaluating performance of their high-performance computers, have been regarded as one of the most widely used benchmark suites for side-by-side comparisons of high-performance machines. However, ...

Vivek Kale

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Procedure to Measure Indoor Lighting Energy Performance  

SciTech Connect

This document provides standard definitions of performance metrics and methods to determine them for the energy performance of building interior lighting systems. It can be used for existing buildings and for proposed buildings. The primary users for whom these documents are intended are building energy analysts and technicians who design, install, and operate data acquisition systems, and who analyze and report building energy performance data. Typical results from the use of this procedure are the monthly and annual energy used for lighting, energy savings from occupancy or daylighting controls, and the percent of the total building energy use that is used by the lighting system. The document is not specifically intended for retrofit applications. However, it does complement Measurement and Verification protocols that do not provide detailed performance metrics or measurement procedures.

Deru, M.; Blair, N.; Torcellini, P.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Method of creating a controlled interior surface configuration of passages within a substrate  

SciTech Connect

A method of creating a controlled interior surface configuration of passages within a substrate, particularly cooling passages of nozzles or buckets of a gas turbine, involves the hot isostatic pressing of a leachable passage insert whose surface carries the female image of the desired interior surface configuration inside the substrate followed by leaching of the insert from the substrate.

Dembowski, Peter V. (Richmond Heights, OH); Schilke, Peter W. (Scotia, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor saturation and changing motor parameters. In this paper a current control scheme is presented that ensures combustion vehicles already provide. Today's modern HEV and EV mostly include interior permanent magnet

Noé, Reinhold

440

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant Torque and Electrical Drives, Paderborn, Germany Abstract--Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) gain weakening range. Operation during flux weakening, however, causes stress to the magnets of the motor

Noé, Reinhold

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Linear Instability with Ekman and Interior Friction. Part I: Quasigeostrophic Eigenanalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The eigenvalue problems for the original Eady model and a modified Eady model (the G model) are examined with no friction, Ekman friction only, and both Ekman and interior friction. When both Ekman and interior friction are included in the models,...

Richard Grotjahn; Min Chen; Joseph Tribbia

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Polynomiality of an inexact infeasible interior point algorithm for semidefinite programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a primal-dual inexact infeasible interior-point algorithm for semidefinite programming problems (SDP). This algorithm allows the use of search directions that are calculated from the defining linear system with only moderate ... Keywords: inexact search direction, infeasible interior point method, polynomial complexity, primal-dual

Guanglu Zhou; Kim-Chuan Toh

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A New Decomposition Technique in Solving Multistage Stochastic Linear Programs by Infeasible Interior Point Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multistage stochastic linear programming (MSLP) is a powerful tool for making decisions under uncertainty. A deterministic equivalent problem of MSLP is a large-scale linear program with nonanticipativity constraints. Recently developed infeasible interior ... Keywords: Decomposition, Infeasible primal-dual interior point method, Scenario analysis, Stochastic linear programs

Xinwei Liu; Jie Sun

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Scenario Formulation of Stochastic Linear Programs and the Homogeneous Self-Dual Interior-Point Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a homogeneous self-dual interior-point algorithm for solving multistage stochastic linear programs. The algorithm is particularly suitable for the so-called “scenario formulation” of the problem, whose constraint system consists ... Keywords: decomposition, interior-point methods, multistage stochastic linear programs

Jie Sun; Xinwei Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on assessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.

Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Investigation of Interior Airflow Visualization of U-type Fin-and-Tube Heat Exchanger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interior airflow visualization of a U-type fin-and-tube heat exchanger was investigated numerically and experimentally. Numerical results presented detail information of whole airflow field. Smoke test using dry ice showed visualization of airflow, ... Keywords: Fin-and-tube heat exchanger, interior airflow, CFD, visualization, smoke test

Shihua Lu; Weihua Liu; Hu Huang; Qihe Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Light Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

Gordon Chalmers

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

448

Benchmark Models, Planes, Lines and Points for Future SUSY Searches at the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define benchmark models for SUSY searches at the LHC, including the CMSSM, NUHM, mGMSB, mAMSB, MM-AMSB and p19MSSM, as well as models with R-parity violation and the NMSSM. Within the parameter spaces of these models, we propose benchmark subspaces, including planes, lines and points along them. The planes may be useful for presenting results of the experimental searches in different SUSY scenarios, while the specific benchmark points may serve for more detailed detector performance tests and comparisons. We also describe algorithms for defining suitable benchmark points along the proposed lines in the parameter spaces, and we define a few benchmark points motivated by recent fits to existing experimental data.

S. S. AbdusSalam; B. C. Allanach; H. K. Dreiner; J. Ellis; U. Ellwanger; J. Gunion; S. Heinemeyer; M. Kraemer; M. L. Mangano; K. A. Olive; S. Rogerson; L. Roszkowski; M. Schlaffer; G. Weiglein

2011-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

Assessment of Applying the PMaC Prediction Framework to NERSC-5 SSP Benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NERSC procurement depends on application benchmarks, in particular the NERSC SSP. Machine vendors are asked to run SSP benchmarks at various scales to enable NERSC to assess system performance. However, it is often the case that the vendor cannot run the benchmarks at large concurrency as it is impractical to have that much hardware available. Additionally, there may be difficulties in porting the benchmarks to the hardware. The Performance Modeling and Characterization Lab (PMaC) at San Diego Supercomputing Center (SDSC) have developed a framework to predict the performance of codes on large parallel machines. The goal of this work was to apply the PMaC prediction framework to the NERSC-5 SSP benchmark applications and ultimately consider the accuracy of the predictions. Other tasks included identifying assumptions and simplifications in the process, determining the ease of use, and measuring the resources required to obtain predictions.

Keen, Noel

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

450

INTEGRAL BENCHMARK DATA FOR NUCLEAR DATA TESTING THROUGH THE ICSBEP AND THE NEWLY ORGANIZED IRPHEP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The status of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was last reported in a nuclear data conference at the International Conference on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, ND-2004, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Since that time the number and type of integral benchmarks have increased significantly. Included in the ICSBEP Handbook are criticality-alarm / shielding and fundamental physic benchmarks in addition to the traditional critical / subcritical benchmark data. Since ND 2004, a reactor physics counterpart to the ICSBEP, the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was initiated. The IRPhEP is patterned after the ICSBEP, but focuses on other integral measurements, such as buckling, spectral characteristics, reactivity effects, reactivity coefficients, kinetics measurements, reaction-rate and power distributions, nuclide compositions, and other miscellaneous-type measurements in addition to the critical configuration. The status of these two projects is discussed and selected benchmarks highlighted in this paper.

J. Blair Briggs; Lori Scott; Yolanda Rugama; Enrico Satori

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

BSMBench: a flexible and scalable supercomputer benchmark from computational particle physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking plays a central role in the evaluation of High Performance Computing architectures. Several benchmarks have been designed that allow users to stress various components of supercomputers. In order for the figures they provide to be useful, benchmarks need to be representative of the most common real-world scenarios. In this work, we introduce BSMBench, a benchmarking suite derived from Monte Carlo code used in computational particle physics. The advantage of this suite (which can be freely downloaded from http://www.bsmbench.org/) over others is the capacity to vary the relative importance of computation and communication. This enables the tests to simulate various practical situations. To showcase BSMBench, we perform a wide range of tests on various architectures, from desktop computers to state-of-the-art supercomputers, and discuss the corresponding results. Possible future directions of development of the benchmark are also outlined.

Bennett, Ed; Jordan, Kirk; Lucini, Biagio; Patella, Agostino; Pica, Claudio; Rago, Antonio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

BSMBench: a flexible and scalable supercomputer benchmark from computational particle physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking plays a central role in the evaluation of High Performance Computing architectures. Several benchmarks have been designed that allow users to stress various components of supercomputers. In order for the figures they provide to be useful, benchmarks need to be representative of the most common real-world scenarios. In this work, we introduce BSMBench, a benchmarking suite derived from Monte Carlo code used in computational particle physics. The advantage of this suite (which can be freely downloaded from http://www.bsmbench.org/) over others is the capacity to vary the relative importance of computation and communication. This enables the tests to simulate various practical situations. To showcase BSMBench, we perform a wide range of tests on various architectures, from desktop computers to state-of-the-art supercomputers, and discuss the corresponding results. Possible future directions of development of the benchmark are also outlined.

Ed Bennett; Luigi Del Debbio; Kirk Jordan; Biagio Lucini; Agostino Patella; Claudio Pica; Antonio Rago

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extensively in concert lighting and are finding increased usage in dance lighting because refers to the upstage back curtain (is white or a light color), which can be us for lighting or special Mixer #12;Monitor House speaker Lighting System Control Board: Similar to the sound board, the light

Bifano, Thomas

454

U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy Demonstration Projects in the Nevada Desert U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy Demonstration Projects in the Nevada Desert July 8, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu, U.S. Department of Interior Secretary Ken Salazar and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada announced today the site of the new Solar Demonstration Zone to demonstrate cutting-edge solar energy technologies. The Solar Demonstration Zone will be located in the southwest corner of the Nevada Test Site, a former nuclear site, on lands owned by the Department of Interior's Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and administered by DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration. Secretaries Chu and Salazar

455

U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, May 15, 2007 U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, May 15, 2007 The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (Departments) today delivered to Congress and sent to the Federal Register the Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study required by Section 1813 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT). The study provides analyses and recommendations on energy rights-of-way (ROWs) negotiations on tribal lands. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, May 15, 2007 More Documents & Publications Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 1813, Draft Report to Congress: Federal

456

NETL: News Release - GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 8, 2005 August 8, 2005 GE Sets Benchmarks for Fuel Cell Performance Achievements Move Efficient, Clean SOFC Technology Closer to Mainstream Energy Markets TORRANCE, CA - In the race to speed solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology out of niche markets and into widespread commercial use, GE Hybrid Power Generation Systems has kicked fuel cell performance into high gear. Recent advancements have dramatically improved baseline cell performance and accelerate GE's prospects for achieving the system efficiency and cost objectives of DOE's Solid State Energy Alliance (SECA) program. Packing more power into smaller volumes is one of the breakthroughs needed to reduce the cost and expand the use of efficient, environmentally friendly fuel cells. But increasing power density isn't the only goal; as power density increases, fuel cells must continue to efficiently and reliably convert fuel to electric power.

457

DOE Solar Decathlon: California Polytechnic State University: Benchmarking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cal Poly solar-powered house on the National Mall for Solar Decathlon 2005. Cal Poly solar-powered house on the National Mall for Solar Decathlon 2005. Enlarge image The exterior of Cal Poly's house features a large deck and overhang that shades the south-facing windows and doors. (Credit: Chris Gunn/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Who: California Polytechnic State University What: Solar Cal Poly Where: California Polytechnic State University 1 Grand Ave. San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 Map This House Public tours: Contact the Cal Poly Renewable Energy Club at 224-805-7999 for tour information. Solar Decathlon 2005 California Polytechnic State University: Benchmarking Solar Performance The solar-powered house designed by California Polytechnic State University returned to San Luis Obispo after placing third overall in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2005. It was reconstructed on campus

458

Fuel Cell Systems Sensors Air Management Benchmarking Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Systems F u e l P r o c e s s o r Sensors Air Management Benchmarking Modeling Patrick Davis Patrick Davis Targets and Status 50 kWe (net) Integrated Fuel Cell Power System 5000 2000 1000 Hours Durability 45 125 275 $/kW Cost (including H2 storage) 650 500 400 W/L Power density (w/o H2 stor) Operating on direct hydrogen 5000 2000 1000 Hours Durability 45 125 325 $/kW Cost 325 250 140 W/L Power density Operating on Tier 2 gasoline containing 30 ppm sulfur, average 2010 2005 2003 status Units Characteristics Projects Fuel Cell Power Systems Analysis ANL NREL TIAX Directed Technologies, Inc. TIAX TIAX * Fuel Cell Systems Analysis * Fuel Cell Vehicle Systems Analysis * Cost Analyses of Fuel Cell Stacks/ Systems * DFMA Cost Estimates of Fuel Cell/ Reformer Systems at Low, Medium, & High Production Rates * Assessment of Fuel Cell Auxiliary

459

Analytical Benchmark Test Set for Criticality Code Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of published numerical solutions to analytic eigenvalue (k{sub eff}) and eigenfunction equations are summarized for the purpose of creating a criticality verification benchmark test set. The 75-problem test set allows the user to verify the correctness of a criticality code for infinite medium and simple geometries in one- and two-energy groups, one- and two-media, and both isotropic and anisotropic neutron scattering. The problem specifications will produce both k{sub eff} = 1 and the quoted k{sub {infinity}} to at least five decimal places. Additional uses of the test set for code verification are also discussed. A list of 45 references and an appendix with k{sub {infinity}} derivations is also included.

Avneet Sood; D. K. Parsons; R. A. Forster

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Benchmarking Of Improved DPAC Transient Deflagration Analysis Code  

SciTech Connect

The transient deflagration code DPAC (Deflagration Pressure Analysis Code) has been upgraded for use in modeling hydrogen deflagration transients. The upgraded code is benchmarked using data from vented hydrogen deflagration tests conducted at the HYDRO-SC Test Facility at the University of Pisa. DPAC originally was written to calculate peak deflagration pressures for deflagrations in radioactive waste storage tanks and process facilities at the Savannah River Site. Upgrades include the addition of a laminar flame speed correlation for hydrogen deflagrations and a mechanistic model for turbulent flame propagation, incorporation of inertial effects during venting, and inclusion of the effect of water vapor condensation on vessel walls. In addition, DPAC has been coupled with CEA, a NASA combustion chemistry code. The deflagration tests are modeled as end-to-end deflagrations. The improved DPAC code successfully predicts both the peak pressures during the deflagration tests and the times at which the pressure peaks.

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "benchmark interior lighting" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Benchmarking ICRF Full-wave Solvers for ITER  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Abstract Benchmarking of full-wave solvers for ICRF simulations is performed using plasma profiles and equilibria obtained from integrated self-consistent modeling predictions of four ITER plasmas. One is for a high performance baseline (5.3 T, 15 MA) DT H-mode. The others are for half-field, half-current plasmas of interest for the pre-activation phase with bulk plasma ion species being either hydrogen or He4. The predicted profiles are used by six full-wave solver groups to simulate the ICRF electromagnetic fields and heating, and by three of these groups to simulate the current-drive. Approximate agreement is achieved for the predicted heating power for the DT and He4 cases. Factor of two disagreements are found for the cases with second harmonic He3 heating in bulk H cases. Approximate agreement is achieved simulating the ICRF current drive.

R. V. Budny, L. Berry, R. Bilato, P. Bonoli, M. Brambilla, R. J. Dumont, A. Fukuyama, R. Harvey, E. F. Jaeger, K. Indireshkumar, E. Lerche, D. McCune, C. K. Phillips, V. Vdovin, J. Wright, and members of the ITPA-IOS

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

NERSC-6 Workload Analysis and Benchmark Selection Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes efforts carried out during early 2008 to determine some of the science drivers for the"NERSC-6" next-generation high-performance computing system acquisition. Although the starting point was existing Greenbooks from DOE and the NERSC User Group, the main contribution of this work is an analysis of the current NERSC computational workload combined with requirements information elicited from key users and other scientists about expected needs in the 2009-2011 timeframe. The NERSC workload is described in terms of science areas, computer codes supporting research within those areas, and description of key algorithms that comprise the codes. This work was carried out in large part to help select a small set of benchmark programs that accurately capture the science and algorithmic characteristics of the workload. The report concludes with a description of the codes selected and some preliminary performance data for them on several important systems.

Antypas, Katie; Shalf, John; Wasserman, Harvey

2008-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

463

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

commercial buildings. These include daylight factors, illu- minance levels, lamp and ballast efficacy, lighting power density, etc. There are two key metrics for which the...

464

ORNL light-duty vehicles PC system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This data system, designed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), monitors information on every light-duty vehicle (automobiles and light-duty trucks) sold in the United States since model year 1976. The data are specified in two days. One way is on a model basis (i.e, engine and transmission combinations) and includes data on city, highway, and combined fuel economies; engine size; drive-train; fuel type (gasoline or diesel); interior volume; body type; and other vehicle attributes. The other way is on a make basis (e.g., Ford Escort, Oldsmobile 98) and includes data on sales; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) size class; the sales-weighted fuel economy; sales-weighted interior volume; sales-weighted engine displacement (cid); curb weight; and other attributes. A unique identification number is assigned to a specific vehicle category. This identification number contains information on the manufacturer, the location of the manufacturer (domestic or import), and the sponsorship of the vehicle (domestic or import). Fuel economies, model year sales and various vehicle characteristics for every make of the 164 million light-duty vehicles sold in the US since model year 1976 can be obtained from this data system. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Hu, P.S.; Patterson, P.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to explore how calibrated high dynamic range (HDR) images (luminance maps) acquired in real world daylit environments can be used to characterize, evaluate, and compare visual comfort conditions of innovative facade shading and light-redirecting systems. Detailed (1536 x 1536 pixel) luminance maps were time-lapse acquired from two view positions in an unoccupied full scale testbed facility. These maps were analyzed using existing visual comfort metrics to quantify how innovative interior and exterior shading systems compare to conventional systems under real sun and sky conditions over a solstice-to-solstice test interval. The results provide a case study in the challenges and potential of methods of visualizing, evaluating and summarizing daily and seasonal variation of visual comfort conditions computed from large sets of image data.

Konis, Kyle; Lee, Eleanor; Clear, Robert

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

466

LED Lighting on the National Mall | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Lighting on the National Mall LED Lighting on the National Mall LED Lighting on the National Mall Addthis 1 of 8 Facing East toward the Capitol Building, LED retrofitted lights line the interior paths of the mall while preserving the architectural integrity of the original fixtures. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Quentin Kruger (Contractor) | Public Domain Date taken: 2012-01-30 06:00 2 of 8 Energy Secretary Steven Chu discusses the 65% savings on electric bills and lowered maintenance costs the National Parks Service is experiencing by switching to energy efficient LED lights. "Using energy-efficient LED light bulbs is an important way Americans can save money by saving energy," said Secretary Chu. "Investing in an American economy that is built to last includes taking advantage of all of America's energy resources while

467

UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

UNITED STATES UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR i ..- - - - . WA-5 PROJECT REPORT West A f r i c a n S t a t e s (ECOWAS) Region I n v e s t i g a t i o n (1R)WA-5 USGS-OFR--82-714 DE84 900493 ASSESSMENT OF THE PETROLEUM, COAL,, AND GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES OF THE ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS) REGION Compiled by Robert E. M a t t i c k U.S. G e o l o g i c a l Survey Open-File Report 92 - 7/4! DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

468

UNITED STATES D E P - OF TEE INTERIOR C  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TEI -764 TEI -764 Nuclear $xplosions --Peaceful Applications 316858 UNITED STATES D E P - OF TEE INTERIOR C z E O L o G I C A L SURVEY S U P P ~ A R Y RFFORT ON G E O L O G I C INVESTIGATIONS I N S U P P O R T O F PHASE 11, PROJECT C E W i R I C C IN THE VICINITY O F CAPE THCIMPSOIV, NOR!FE~~ESTERN ALASKA* Eeuben Kachadwrian, A. H1 Zachenbmch, G. W. Moo~e, and R. M. lhller This report is preliminary an8 has not been edited for conformity with Geological Survey format and nomenclature, b Whis report concerns work done on behalf of San Francisco Operations Office, U . S . Atomic Energy Ccmnnission. June 1 g 0 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. rJIJh?l%D STATE33 D E P A R M OF THE ImERIOR G E O L O

469

Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

In a conventional permanent magnet (PM) machine, the air-gap flux produced by the PM is fixed. It is difficult to enhance the air-gap flux density due to limitations of the PM in a series-magnetic circuit. However, the air-gap flux density can be weakened by using power electronic field weakening to the limit of demagnetization of the PMs. This paper presents the test results of controlling the PM air-gap flux density through the use of a stationary brushless excitation coil in a reluctance interior permanent magnet with brushless field excitation (RIPM-BFE) motor. Through the use of this technology the air-gap flux density can be either enhanced or weakened. There is no concern with demagnetizing the PMs during field weakening. The leakage flux of the excitation coil through the PMs is blocked. The prototype motor built on this principle confirms the concept of flux enhancement and weakening through the use of excitation coils.

Wiles, R.H.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Control system for an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance, fully operational, four-quadrant control scheme is used in an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine. The machine operates smoothly with full performance in the constant-torque region as well as in the flux-weakening, constant-power region in both directions of motion. The transition between the constant-torque and constant-power regions is very smooth under all conditions of operation. Control in the constant-torque region is based on a vector or field-oriented technique, with the direct-axis aligned with the total stator flux, whereas constant-power region control is accomplished by orientation of the torque angle of the impressed square-wave voltage through the feedforward vector rotator. In a preferred embodiment, the control system employs a digital distributed microcomputer controller arrangement which relies upon various precisely estimated feedback signals, such as torque, flux, etc. The control scheme includes an outer torque control loop primarily for traction type applications, but also contemplates speed and position control loops for various industrial drives. A 70 hp drive system using a Neodymium-Iron-Boron permanent magnet machine and transistor pulse width modulating inverter has been designed and successfully tested. This control scheme also has application in controlling surface permanent magnet machines. 16 figs.

Bose, B.K.

1988-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Step Towards Conservation for Interior Alaska Tribes  

SciTech Connect

This project includes a consortium of tribes. The tribes include Hughes (representing the consortium) Birch Creek, Huslia, and Allakaket. The project proposed by Interior Regional Housing Authority (IRHA) on behalf of the villages of Hughes, Birch Creek, Huslia and Allakaket is to develop an energy conservation program relevant to each specific community, educate tribe members and provide the tools to implement the conservation plan. The program seeks to achieve both energy savings and provide optimum energy requirements to support each tribe's mission. The energy management program will be a comprehensive program that considers all avenues for achieving energy savings, from replacing obsolete equipment, to the design and construction of energy conservation measures, the implementation of energy saving operation and maintenance procedures, the utilization of a community-wide building energy management system, and a commitment to educating the tribes on how to decrease energy consumption. With the implementation of this program and the development of an Energy Management Plan, these communities can then work to reduce the high cost of living in rural Alaska.

Kimberly Carlo

2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimization of a solar cooling system with interior energy storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the optimization of the performance of a solar absorption cooling system composed by four units with interior energy storage. A full dynamic simulation model that includes the solar collector field, the absorption heat pump system and the building load calculation has been developed. It has been applied to optimize the coupling of a system based on this new technology of solar powered absorption heat pump, to a bioclimatic building recently constructed in the Plataforma Solar de Almeria (PSA) in Spain. The absorption heat pump system considered is composed by four heat pumps that store energy in the form of crystallized salts so that no external storage capacity is required. Each heat pump is composed of two separate barrels that can charge (store energy from the solar field) and discharge (deliver heat or cold to the building) independently. Different configurations of the four units have been analysed taking into account the storage possibilities of the system and its capacity to respond to the building loads. It has been shown how strong the influence of the control strategies in the overall performance is, and the importance of using hourly simulations models when looking for highly efficient buildings. (author)

Sanjuan, C.; Soutullo, S.; Heras, M.R. [Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency in Buildings Unit, CIEMAT, Madrid E-28040 (Spain)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

A Step Towards Conservation for Interior Alaska Tribes  

SciTech Connect

This project includes a consortium of tribes. The tribes include Hughes (representing the consortium) Birch Creek, Huslia, and Allakaket. The project proposed by Interior Regional Housing Authority (IRHA) on behalf of the villages of Hughes, Birch Creek, Huslia and Allakaket is to develop an energy conservation program relevant to each specific community, educate tribe members and provide the tools to implement the conservation plan. The program seeks to achieve both energy savings and provide optimum energy requirements to support each tribe's mission. The energy management program will be a comprehensive program that considers all avenues for achieving energy savings, from replacing obsolete equipment, to the design and construction of energy conservation measures, the implementation of energy saving operation and maintenance procedures, the utilization of a community-wide building energy management system, and a commitment to educating the tribes on how to decrease energy consumption. With the implementation of this program and the development of an Energy Management Plan, these communities can then work to reduce the high cost of living in rural Alaska.

Kimberly Carlo

2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Texas Electric Lighting Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electric lighting electric lighting The SNAP House's lighting design aims for elegant simplicity in concept, use, and maintenance. Throughout the house, soft, ambient light is juxtaposed with bright, direct task lighting. All ambient and most task lighting is integrated directly into the architectural design of the house. An accent light wall between the bedroom and bathroom provides a glowing light for nighttime navigation.

475

Light Emitting Diode (LED) Lighting and Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the most promising and unique energy efficient light source light emitting diode (LED) lighting. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the upcoming growth of the LED and LED lighting market. Future technical improvements to LEDs and systems are also emphasized. Discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from traditional lighting to LED lighting is provided. LED lighting technologies are covered in...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

476

CEL-1 lighting computer program - programmer's guide. Final report Jan 80-Sep 82  

SciTech Connect

The basic algorithms and program file structure of the CEL-1 (Conversion of Electric Lighting, Version 1.0) lighting computer program are documented. The CEL-1 computer program aids the illumination in designing energy efficient interior lighting systems. Lighting metrics which may be calculated include illuminance, equivalent sphere illumination, and visual comfort probability. Energy profiles resulting from lighting controls which respond to daylight can be evaluated using CEL-1. This programmer's guide is divided into seven sections: (1) Programs Structures; (2) Basic Techniques; (3) Main Program Descriptions; (4) Subprogram Descriptions; (5) Logical Unit Assignments; (6) Compiling the Programs; and (7) Source and Auxiliary Files.

Brackett, W.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Benchmarking Platform For Network-On-Chip (NOC) Multiprocessor System-On- Chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network-on-Chip (NOC) based designs have garnered significant attention from both researchers and industry over the past several years. The analysis of these designs has focused on broad topics such as NOC component micro-architecture, fault-tolerant communication, and system memory architecture. Nonetheless, the design of lowlatency, high-bandwidth, low-power and area-efficient NOC is extremely complex due to the conflicting nature of these design objectives. Benchmarks are an indispensable tool in the design process; providing thorough measurement and fair comparison between designs in order to achieve optimal results (i.e performance, cost, quality of service). This research proposes a benchmarking platform called NoCBench for evaluating the performance of Network-on-chip. Although previous research has proposed standard guidelines to develop benchmarks for Network-on-Chip, this work moves forward and proposes a System-C based simulation platform for system-level design exploration. It will provide an initial set of synthetic benchmarks for on-chip network interconnection validation along with an initial set of standardized processing cores, NOC components, and system-wide services. The benchmarks were constructed using synthetic applications described by Task Graphs For Free (TGFF) task graphs extracted from the E3S benchmark suite. Two benchmarks were used for characterization: Consumer and Networking. They are characterized based on throughput and latency. Case studies show how they can be used to evaluate metrics beyond throughput and latency (i.e. traffic distribution). The contribution of this work is two-fold: 1) This study provides a methodology for benchmark creation and characterization using NoCBench that evaluates important metrics in NOC design (i.e. end-to-end packet delay, throughput). 2) The developed full-system simulation platform provides a complete environment for further benchmark characterization on NOC based MpSoC as well as system-level design space exploration.

Malave-Bonet, Javier

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Review of California and National Methods for Energy PerformanceBenchmarking of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This benchmarking review has been developed to support benchmarking planning and tool development under discussion by the California Energy Commission (CEC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and others in response to the Governor's Executive Order S-20-04 (2004). The Executive Order sets a goal of benchmarking and improving the energy efficiency of California's existing commercial building stock. The Executive Order requires the CEC to propose ''a simple building efficiency benchmarking system for all commercial buildings in the state''. This report summarizes and compares two currently available commercial building energy-benchmarking tools. One tool is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Energy Star National Energy Performance Rating System, which is a national regression-based benchmarking model (referred to in this report as Energy Star). The second is Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Cal-Arch, which is a California-based distributional model (referred to as Cal-Arch). Prior to the time Cal-Arch was developed in 2002, there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers but none that were based solely on California data. The Energy Star and Cal-Arch benchmarking tools both provide California with unique and useful methods to benchmark the energy performance of California's buildings. Rather than determine which model is ''better'', the purpose of this report is to understand and compare the underlying data, information systems, assumptions, and outcomes of each model.

Matson, Nance E.; Piette, Mary Ann

2005-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interior

Tolbert, Leon M.

480

A Benchmark Suite for Evaluating the Performance of the WebODE Ontology Engineering Platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Ontology tools play a key role in the development and maintenance of the Semantic Web. Hence, we need in one hand to objectively evaluate these tools, in order to analyse whether they can deal with actual and future requirements, and in the other hand to develop benchmark suites for performing these evaluations. In this paper, we describe the method we have followed to design and implement a benchmark suite for evaluating the performance of the WebODE ontology engineering workbench, along with the conclusions obtained after using this benchmark suite for evaluating WebODE. 1.

Raúl García-castro; Asunción Gómez-pérez

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

SILENE Benchmark Critical Experiments for Criticality Accident Alarm Systems  

SciTech Connect

In October 2010 a series of benchmark experiments was conducted at the Commissariat a Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (CEA) Valduc SILENE [1] facility. These experiments were a joint effort between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the French CEA. The purpose of these experiments was to create three benchmarks for the verification and validation of radiation transport codes and evaluated nuclear data used in the analysis of criticality accident alarm systems (CAASs). This presentation will discuss the geometric configuration of these experiments and the quantities that were measured and will present some preliminary comparisons between the measured data and calculations. This series consisted of three single-pulsed experiments with the SILENE reactor. During the first experiment the reactor was bare (unshielded), but during the second and third experiments it was shielded by lead and polyethylene, respectively. During each experiment several neutron activation foils and thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were placed around the reactor, and some of these detectors were themselves shielded from the reactor by high-density magnetite and barite concrete, standard concrete, and/or BoroBond. All the concrete was provided by CEA Saclay, and the BoroBond was provided by Y-12 National Security Complex. Figure 1 is a picture of the SILENE reactor cell configured for pulse 1. Also included in these experiments were measurements of the neutron and photon spectra with two BICRON BC-501A liquid scintillators. These two detectors were provided and operated by CEA Valduc. They were set up just outside the SILENE reactor cell with additional lead shielding to prevent the detectors from being saturated. The final detectors involved in the experiments were two different types of CAAS detectors. The Babcock International Group provided three CIDAS CAAS detectors, which measured photon dose and dose rate with a Geiger-Mueller tube. CIDAS detectors are currently in use at Y-12 in the newly constructed Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility. The second CAAS detector used a {sup 6}LiF TLD to absorb neutrons and a silicon detector to count the charge particles released by these absorption events. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory provided four of these detectors, which had formerly been used at the Rocky Flats facility in the United States.

Miller, Thomas Martin [ORNL; Reynolds, Kevin H. [Y-12 National Security Complex

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Daylighting: Measuring the Performance of Light Shelves and Occupant-Controlled Blinds on a Dimmed Lighting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a day lighted space is both an art and a science. The biggest challenge facing the lighting designer is to admit only as much light as necessary and distribute it evenly throughout the space without introducing glare or heat. In warm climates such as Florida, it has become common practice in windowed spaces to specify blinds and glazing with high shading coefficients to control glare and minimize heat gain. However, this practice reduces the effectiveness of lighting systems that dim automatically. Improved systems are needed to capture natural daylight and distribute it uniformly throughout a space while controlling heat gain and glare. One such system is the light shelf. Light shelves shade the space from direct sunlight and reflect this sunlight onto the ceiling for a deeper and more uniform distribution. While this is not a new idea, little unbiased empirical data has been collected, outside the laboratory, that compares the performance (energy savings, uniformity, and level) of an automatic daylighting system. This study measures the effectiveness of light shelves and manually controlled horizontal blinds in an automatic daylighting system. Power consumption and interior work-plane lighting levels were compared in four essentially identical private offices. Two offices were configured with an interior light shelf, one with a white diffuse top surface and the other with a specular surface. The third office had no window treatment and the fourth office had horizontal blinds, which were manually adjusted by the user. All offices had two lamp fluorescent luminaires with dimming ballasts (min. 20%) controlled by a ceiling mounted photosensor. The study showed that daytime savings ranged from 29% to 46%, with the largest savings from the office with the light shelves. The office with horizontal blinds showed the poor savings (32%) and also the poorest light uniformity and level.

Floyd, D. B.; Parker, D. S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Light Emitting Diodes and General Lighting Speaker(s): Martin Moeck Date: August 6, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 We give a short overview on high-power light emitting diodes,...

484

"Magic mirror on the wall, who's the fastest Database of them all?" A Survey of Database Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks are important tools for measuring the performance of database management systems (DBMS) and for understanding vendor claims of performance. This paper defines DBMS benchmarks, explores the role of the Transaction Processing Performance Council as the only benchmark standards organization, and surveys eight existing DBMS benchmarks for on-line transaction processing, relational, and object-oriented databases. 1 Introduction When examining the performance of a commercial database management system (DBMS),one is bombarded with vendor performance claims. Each vendor will shower you with claims of "tpsA-Local" ratings, or top performance on the "TPC-C" benchmark. If you are looking at a commercial object-oriented DBMS, vendors will tell you they have the best performance on the "Cattell" (or OO1 or "Sun") benchmark. The use of benchmark performance measurements by commercial DBMS vendors seems a bit like the Queen in Snow White asking the magic mirror who is the fairest. If the ...

Usaf Maj; Timothy J. Halloran; Timothy J. Halloran; Mark A. Roth; Mark A. Roth

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Evaluation of Lighting and Lighting Control Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient lighting and lighting controls have been a means to significant energy savings for many facilities around the world. Advances in lighting sources often allow for the conservation of quality of light while providing more flexibility in the control of light. Additionally, advances in core technologies within the lighting marketplace regularly lead to the introduction of new lamps, fixtures and controls.  With the rapid introduction of new products and designs, it is important to ...

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Precision benchmark calculations for four particles at unitarity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The unitarity limit describes interacting particles where the range of the interaction is zero and the scattering length is infinite. We present precision benchmark calculations for two-component fermions at unitarity using three different ab initio methods: Hamiltonian lattice formalism using iterated eigenvector methods, Euclidean lattice formalism with auxiliary-field projection Monte Carlo, and continuum diffusion Monte Carlo with fixed and released nodes. We have calculated the ground state energy of the unpolarized four-particle system in a periodic cube as a dimensionless fraction of the ground state energy for the non-interacting system. We obtain values 0.211(2) and 0.210(2) using two different Hamiltonian lattice representations, 0.206(9) using Euclidean lattice, and an upper bound of 0.212(2) from fixed-node diffusion Monte Carlo. Released-node calculations starting from the fixed-node result yield a decrease of less than 0.002 over a propagation of 0.4/E_F in Euclidean time, where E_F is the Fermi energy. We find good agreement among all three ab initio methods.

Shahin Bour; Xin Li; Dean Lee; Ulf-G. Meißner; Lubos Mitas

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

487

Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Hemispheres Reflected by Steel and Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the period from June 1967 through September 1969 a series of critical experiments was performed at the Rocky Flats Critical Mass Laboratory with spherical and hemispherical plutonium assemblies as nested hemishells as part of a Nuclear Safety Facility Experimental Program to evaluate operational safety margins for the Rocky Flats Plant. These assemblies were both bare and fully or partially oil-reflected. Many of these experiments were subcritical with an extrapolation to critical configurations or critical at a particular oil height. Existing records reveal that 167 experiments were performed over the course of 28 months. Unfortunately, much of the data was not recorded. A reevaluation of the experiments had been summarized in a report for future experimental and computational analyses. This report examines only fifteen partially oil-reflected hemispherical assemblies. Fourteen of these assemblies also had close-fitting stainless-steel hemishell reflectors, used to determine the effective critical reflector height of oil with varying steel-reflector thickness. The experiments and their uncertainty in keff values were evaluated to determine their potential as valid criticality benchmark experiments of plutonium.

John Darrell Bess

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wide spectrum of laboratory owners, ranging from universities to federal agencies, have explicit goals for energy efficiency in their facilities. For example, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) requires all new federal buildings to exceed ASHRAE 90.1-2004 1 by at least 30 percent. The University of California Regents Policy requires all new construction to exceed California Title 24 2 by at least 20 percent. A new laboratory is much more likely to meet energy efficiency goals if quantitative metrics and targets are explicitly specified in programming documents and tracked during the course of the delivery process. If efficiency targets are not explicitly and properly defined, any additional capital costs or design time associated with attaining higher efficiencies can be difficult to justify. The purpose of this guide is to provide guidance on how to specify and compute energy efficiency metrics and benchmarks for laboratories, at the whole building as well as the system level. The information in this guide can be used to incorporate quantitative metrics and targets into the programming of new laboratory facilities. Many of these metrics can also be applied to evaluate existing facilities. For information on strategies and technologies to achieve energy efficiency, the reader is referred to Labs21 resources, including technology best practice guides, case studies, and the design guide (available at www.labs21century.gov/toolkit).

Mathew, Paul

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

489

Spherical Harmonic Solutions to the 3D Kobayashi Benchmark Suite  

SciTech Connect

Spherical harmonic solutions of order 5, 9 and 21 on spatial grids containing up to 3.3 million cells are presented for the Kobayashi benchmark suite. This suite of three problems with simple geometry of pure absorber with large void region was proposed by Professor Kobayashi at an OECD/NEA meeting in 1996. Each of the three problems contains a source, a void and a shield region. Problem 1 can best be described as a box in a box problem, where a source region is surrounded by a square void region which itself is embedded in a square shield region. Problems 2 and 3 represent a shield with a void duct. Problem 2 having a straight and problem 3 a dog leg shaped duct. A pure absorber and a 50% scattering case are considered for each of the three problems. The solutions have been obtained with Ardra, a scalable, parallel neutron transport code developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Ardra code takes advantage of a two-level parallelization strategy, which combines message passing between processing nodes and thread based parallelism amongst processors on each node. All calculations were performed on the IBM ASCI Blue-Pacific computer at LLNL.

Brown, P.N.; Chang, B.; Hanebutte, U.R.

1999-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

Impact of the 235U Covariance Data in Benchmark Calculations  

SciTech Connect

The error estimation for calculated quantities relies on nuclear data uncertainty information available in the basic nuclear data libraries such as the U.S. Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF/B). The uncertainty files (covariance matrices) in the ENDF/B library are generally obtained from analysis of experimental data. In the resonance region, the computer code SAMMY is used for analyses of experimental data and generation of resonance parameters. In addition to resonance parameters evaluation, SAMMY also generates resonance parameter covariance matrices (RPCM). SAMMY uses the generalized least-squares formalism (Bayes method) together with the resonance formalism (R-matrix theory) for analysis of experimental data. Two approaches are available for creation of resonance-parameter covariance data. (1) During the data-evaluation process, SAMMY generates both a set of resonance parameters that fit the experimental data and the associated resonance-parameter covariance matrix. (2) For existing resonance-parameter evaluations for which no resonance-parameter covariance data are available, SAMMY can retroactively create a resonance-parameter covariance matrix. The retroactive method was used to generate covariance data for 235U. The resulting 235U covariance matrix was then used as input to the PUFF-IV code, which processed the covariance data into multigroup form, and to the TSUNAMI code, which calculated the uncertainty in the multiplication factor due to uncertainty in the experimental cross sections. The objective of this work is to demonstrate the use of the 235U covariance data in calculations of critical benchmark systems.

Leal, Luiz C [ORNL; Mueller, Don [ORNL; Arbanas, Goran [ORNL; Wiarda, Dorothea [ORNL; Derrien, Herve [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study May 15, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) (Departments) today del