Sample records for belts speedometer odometer

  1. A Reliability Odometer -Lemon Check Your Processor! Jayanth Srinivasan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Sarita

    odometer. Much like the odometer found in automobiles, ¥ This work was performed while Jayanth Srinivasan proces- sor usage and store wear-out information. Every event in the processor's history would increment

  2. Odometer Versus Self-Reported Estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings described here compare odometer readings with self-reported estimates of Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) to investigate to what extent self-reported VMT is a reliable surrogate for odometer-based VMT.

  3. Laterally bendable belt conveyor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, William J. (Coraopolis, PA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An endless, laterally flexible and bendable belt conveyor particularly adapted for coal mining applications in facilitating the transport of the extracted coal up- or downslope and around corners in a continuous manner is disclosed. The conveying means includes a flat rubber belt reinforced along the middle portion thereof along which the major portion of the belt tension is directed so as to cause rotation of the tubular shaped belt when trammed around lateral turns thus preventing excessive belt bulging distortion between adjacent belt supports which would inhibit belt transport. Pretension induced into the fabric reinforced flat rubber belt by conventional belt take-up means supports the load conveyed when the belt conveyor is making lateral turns. The carrying and return portions of the belt are supported and formed into a tubular shape by a plurality of shapers positioned along its length. Each shaper is supported from above by a monorail and includes clusters of idler rollers which support the belt. Additional cluster rollers in each shaper permit the belt supporting roller clusters to rotate in response to the belt's operating tension imposed upon the cluster rollers by induced lateral belt friction forces. The freely rotating roller clusters thus permit the belt to twist on lateral curves without damage to itself while precluding escape of the conveyed material by effectively enclosing it in the tube-shaped, inner belt transport length.

  4. SLH Timing Belt Powertrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, Abe

    2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The main goal of this proposal was to develop and test a novel powertrain solution for the SLH hydroEngine?, a low-cost, efficient low-head hydropower technology. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. renewable electricity is produced by hydropower (EIA 2010). According to the U.S. Department of Energy; this amount could be increased by 50% with small hydropower plants, often using already-existing dams (Hall 2004). There are more than 80,000 existing dams, and of these, less than 4% generate power (Blankinship 2009). In addition, there are over 800 irrigation districts in the U.S., many with multiple, non-power, low-head drops. These existing, non-power dams and irrigation drops could be retrofitted to produce distributed, baseload, renewable energy with appropriate technology. The problem is that most existing dams are low-head, or less than 30 feet in height (Ragon 2009). Only about 2% of the available low-head hydropower resource in the U.S. has been developed, leaving more than 70 GW of annual mean potential low-head capacity untapped (Hall 2004). Natel Energy, Inc. is developing a low-head hydropower turbine that operates efficiently at heads less than 6 meters and is cost-effective for deployment across multiple low-head structures. Because of the unique racetrack-like path taken by the prime-movers in the SLH, a flexible powertrain is required. Historically, the only viable technological solution was roller chain. Despite the having the ability to easily attach blades, roller chain is characterized by significant drawbacks, including high cost, wear, and vibration from chordal action. Advanced carbon-#12;fiber-reinforced timing belts have been recently developed which, coupled with a novel belt attachment system developed by Natel Energy, result in a large reduction in moving parts, reduced mass and cost, and elimination of chordal action for increased fatigue life. The work done in this project affirmatively addressed each of the following 3 major uncertainties concerning a timing-belt based hydroEngine ?powertrain: 1. Can a belt handle the high torques and power loads demanded by the SLH? (Yes.) 2. Can the SLH blades be mounted to belt with a connection that can withstand the loads encountered in operation? (Yes.) 3. Can the belt, with blade attachments, live through the required cyclic loading? (Yes.) The research adds to the general understanding of sustainable small hydropower systems by using innovative system testing to develop and demonstrate performance of a novel powertrain solution, enabling a new type of hydroelectric turbine to be commercially developed. The technical effectiveness of the methods investigated has been shown to be positive through an extensive design and testing process accommodating many constraints and goals, with a major emphasis on high cycle fatigue life. Economic feasibility of the innovations has been demonstrated through many iterations of design for manufacturability and cost reduction. The project is of benefit to the public because it has helped to develop a solution to a major problem -- despite the large available potential for new low-head hydropower, high capital costs and high levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) continue to be major barriers to project development. The hydroEngine? represents a significant innovation, leveraging novel fluid mechanics and mechanical configuration to allow lower-cost turbine manufacture and development of low head hydropower resources.

  5. IR Kuiper Belt Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teplitz, V L; Anderson, J D; Rosenbaum, D C; Scalise, R J; Wentzler, P; Teplitz, Vigdor L.; Anderson, John D.; Rosenbaum, Doris; Scalise, Randall J.; Wentzler, Paul

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the temperature and IR signal of particles of radius $a$ and albedo $\\alpha$ at heliocentric distance $R$, taking into account the emissivity effect, and give an interpolating formula for the result. We compare with analyses of COBE DIRBE data by others (including recent detection of the cosmic IR background) for various values of heliocentric distance, $R$, particle radius, $a$, and particle albedo, $\\alpha$. We then apply these results to a recently-developed picture of the Kuiper belt as a two-sector disk with a nearby, low-density sector (40belt IR spectra for various parameter v...

  6. Synchronous and Cogged Fan Belt Performance Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cutler, D.; Dean, J.; Acosta, J.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The GSA Regional GPG Team commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to perform monitoring of cogged V-belts and synchronous belts on both a constant volume and a variable air volume fan at the Byron G. Rodgers Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Denver, Colorado. These motor/fan combinations were tested with their original, standard V-belts (appropriately tensioned by an operation and maintenance professional) to obtain a baseline for standard operation. They were then switched to the cogged V-belts, and finally to synchronous belts. The power consumption by the motor was normalized for both fan speed and air density changes. This was necessary to ensure that the power readings were not influenced by a change in rotational fan speed or by the power required to push denser air. Finally, energy savings and operation and maintenance savings were compiled into an economic life-cycle cost analysis of the different belt options.

  7. 1. THE RADIATION BELTS The outer zone radiation belts consist of energetic elec-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkington, Scot R.

    1. THE RADIATION BELTS The outer zone radiation belts consist of energetic elec- trons trapped in the geomagnetic field. The dynamics of the belts are dictated by the global and local electric and mag- netic electrons in the outer zone and electric and magnetic field variations occurring on ULF time scales

  8. Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China): framework, kinematics recognized in western Inner Mongolia (China), including, from south to north: North China Craton (NCC), Southern Orogenic Belt (SOB), Hunshandake Block (HB), Northern Orogenic Belt (NOB), South Mongolia

  9. Creating Artificial Radiation Belts in the Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    Current: Trapped, High- Protons (15-250 keV) · Greatly intensified during geomagnetic storms · Ti ~ 7Te Jeff #12;Outline · The Earth's radiation belts and ring current · Fast-electron interchange instability to measure the artificial radiation belt produced by the Argus explosions (1958). (Explosions continued

  10. Electric filter with movable belt electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bergman, W.

    1983-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for removing airborne contaminants entrained in a gas or airstream includes an electric filter characterized by a movable endless belt electrode, a grounded electrode, and a filter medium sandwiched there between. Inclusion of the movable, endless belt electrode provides the driving force for advancing the filter medium through the filter, and reduces frictional drag on the filter medium, thereby permitting a wide choice of filter medium materials. Additionally, the belt electrode includes a plurality of pleats in order to provide maximum surface area on which to collect airborne contaminants. 4 figs.

  11. Seat Belt Use Policy Outline the policy regarding use of seat belt in University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Denise

    Seat Belt Use Policy Objective Outline the policy regarding use of seat belt in University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles. Vehicle Use Policy 1. Staff members are responsible to operate U-M vehicles are adhering to the seat belt use laws when operating a U-M vehicle. 3. State of Michigan seat belt laws

  12. A study of binary Kuiper Belt objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kern, Susan Diane

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    About 105 bodies larger than 100km in diameter (Jewitt 1998) reside in the Kuiper Belt, beyond the orbit of Neptune. Since 1992 observational surveys have discovered over one thousand of these objects, believed to be fossil ...

  13. Six Sigma Black Belts Fight For Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Six Sigma Black Belts Fight For Quality Ron Scott Ross Finnestad Rodney Kalsow IE 361 mini-paper 9/22/00 #12;Six Sigma is a breakthrough management strategy that is revolutionizing the world's top corporations. So what is Six Sigma? "It is a business process that allows companies to drastically improve

  14. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    for Excellence in Rural Safety Humphrey School of Public Affairs #12;CERS's "Safe Six Regardless of Residence Urban/Small City Suburban Rural/Small Town Primary Seat; . . AND IN MINNESOTA #12;Predicted Impact 2009 and 2010 CERS Reports: · Primary Seat Belt Laws

  15. Population of the Scattered Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Trujillo; D. C. Jewitt; J. X. Luu

    1999-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the discovery of three new Scattered Kuiper Belt Objects (SKBOs) from a wide-field survey of the ecliptic. This continuing survey has to date covered 20.2 square degrees to a limiting red magnitude of 23.6. We combine the data from this new survey with an existing survey conducted at the University of Hawaii 2.2m telescope to constrain the number and mass of the SKBOs. The SKBOs are characterized by large eccentricities, perihelia near 35 AU, and semi-major axes > 50 AU. Using a maximum-likelihood model, we estimate the total number of SKBOs larger than 100 km in diameter to be N = 3.1 (+1.9/-1.3) x 10^4 (1 sigma) and the total mass of SKBOs to be about 0.05 Earth masses, demonstrating that the SKBOs are similar in number and mass to the Kuiper Belt inside 50 AU.

  16. Replace V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt Drives | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 < prevQuickEnergy V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt

  17. Corn Belt Energy Corporation- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Corn Belt Energy Corporation (CBEC), in association with the Wabash Valley Power Association, provides its customers with the "Power Moves" energy efficiency rebate program. Through this program,...

  18. Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Energy Production Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Thesis: Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications for...

  19. Magnetic refrigeration apparatus with belt of ferro or paramagnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barclay, John A. (Madison, WI); Stewart, Walter F. (Marshall, WI); Henke, Michael D. (Los Alamos, NM); Kalash, Kenneth E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A magnetic refrigerator operating in the 12 to 77K range utilizes a belt which carries ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material and which is disposed in a loop which passes through the center of a solenoidal magnet to achieve cooling. The magnetic material carried by the belt, which can be blocks in frames of a linked belt, can be a mixture of substances with different Curie temperatures arranged such that the Curie temperatures progressively increase from one edge of the belt to the other. This magnetic refrigerator can be used to cool and liquefy hydrogen or other fluids.

  20. Magnetic refrigeration apparatus with belt of ferro or paramagnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barclay, J.A.; Stewart, W.F.; Henke, M.D.; Kalash, K.E.

    1986-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A magnetic refrigerator operating in the 12 to 77 K range utilizes a belt which carries ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material and which is disposed in a loop which passes through the center of a solenoidal magnet to achieve cooling. The magnetic material carried by the belt, which can be blocks in frames of a linked belt, can be a mixture of substances with different Curie temperatures arranged such that the Curie temperatures progressively increase from one edge of the belt to the other. This magnetic refrigerator can be used to cool and liquefy hydrogen or other fluids.

  1. Corn Belt Power Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|Core Analysis At Geysers| Open EnergyAl.,A,CorixBelt

  2. WATER ICE IN THE KUIPER BELT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M. E.; Fraser, W. C. [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Schaller, E. L., E-mail: mbrown@caltech.edu [NASA Dryden Aircraft Operations Facility, Palmdale, CA 93550 (United States)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine a large collection of low-resolution near-infrared spectra of Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) and centaurs in an attempt to understand the presence of water ice in the Kuiper Belt. We find that water ice on the surface of these objects occurs in three separate manners: (1) Haumea family members uniquely show surfaces of nearly pure water ice, presumably a consequence of the fragmentation of the icy mantle of a larger differentiated proto-Haumea; (2) large objects with absolute magnitudes of H < 3 (and a limited number to H = 4.5) have surface coverings of water ice-perhaps mixed with ammonia-that appears to be related to possibly ancient cryovolcanism on these large objects; and (3) smaller KBOs and centaurs which are neither Haumea family members nor cold-classical KBOs appear to divide into two families (which we refer to as 'neutral' and 'red'), each of which is a mixture of a common nearly neutral component and either a slightly red or very red component that also includes water ice. A model suggesting that the difference between neutral and red objects due to formation in an early compact solar system either inside or outside, respectively, of the {approx}20 AU methanol evaporation line is supported by the observation that methanol is only detected on the reddest objects, which are those which would be expected to have the most of the methanol containing mixture.

  3. Large Bodies in the Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadwick A. Trujillo; Jane X. Luu; Amanda S. Bosh; James L. Elliot

    2001-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a survey for bright Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) and Centaurs, conducted at the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) 0.9 m telescope with the KPNO 8k Mosaic CCD. The survey imaged 164 sq deg near opposition to a limiting red magnitude of 21.1. Three bright KBOs and one Centaur were found, the brightest KBO having red magnitude 19.7, about 700 km in diameter assuming a dark Centaur-like 4% albedo. We estimate the power-law differential size distribution of the Classical KBOs to have index q = 4.2 (+0.4)(-0.3), with the total number of Classical KBOs with diameters larger than 100 km equal to 4.7 (+1.6)(-1.0) x 10^4. Additionally, we find that if there is a maximum object size in the Kuiper Belt, it must be larger than 1000 km in diameter. By extending our model to larger size bodies, we estimate that 30 (+16)(-12) Charon-sized and 3.2 (+2.8)(-1.7) Pluto-sized Classical KBOs remain undiscovered.

  4. abitibi greenstone belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    belt object satellites, again pointing to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A....

  5. altai metallogenic belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    belt object satellites, again pointing to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A....

  6. Corn Belt Energy Coop- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Illinois)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Corn Belt Energy, through the Wabash Valley Power Association, offers business, school, and farm customers a variety of energy efficient rebates and incentives through its "Power Moves" program....

  7. VP 100: Brevini Wind Factory Helps Rust Belt Town's Economy ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    450 jobs in next two years Faced with a recession and an auto industry that ran out gas, many manufacturing towns in the Rust Belt have reinvented themselves. Some found...

  8. Nanomaterial modifications on conductivity of coal conveyer belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J.C.; Zhang, Y.G.; Wang, T.T.; Yang, L.F.; Liu, S.M.; Yang, D.H.; Zhang, M.; Gao, X. [Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou (China)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    By analyzing the macro electrical properties and the microscopic structure from SEM of nanomaterials modified mine transmission belt samples. The influences of the filling process of inorganic nano particle-filled rubber and PVC polymer on the physical properties of coal transmission belt is reviewed, as well as PTC and NTC effect on the stability of the physical properties and stability of materials. Influence of nano-materials and polymer materials for rubber and temperature changes in the plastic filled refining process. Crosslinker and major filler changes in the amount and filled plastic chain time on the conductivity of coal conveyer belt is studied. Influence of cure temperature. Cure time on the mechanical performance is studied. The microscopic mechanism of macro conductivity change of conveyer belt is discussed.

  9. automatic seat belts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    There is no agreement on the expansion time, which varies from 30 - 100 Myr. The inclination of the Gould belt is not explained by the above models of expansion. An oblique...

  10. allen radiation belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    particles. Hudson, H S; Frewen, S F N; DeRosa, M L 2009-01-01 7 Drivers, Detection, and Impacts of Precipitation from the Radiation Belts C. J. Rodger1 Physics Websites Summary:...

  11. abakaliki fold belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran) Physics Websites Summary: of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust...

  12. JOVIAN EARLY BOMBARDMENT: PLANETESIMAL EROSION IN THE INNER ASTEROID BELT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turrini, D.; Coradini, A.; Magni, G., E-mail: diego.turrini@ifsi-roma.inaf.it [Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, INAF-IAPS, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133, Rome (Italy)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The asteroid belt is an open window on the history of the solar system, as it preserves records of both its formation process and its secular evolution. The progenitors of the present-day asteroids formed in the Solar Nebula almost contemporary to the giant planets. The actual process producing the first generation of asteroids is uncertain, strongly depending on the physical characteristics of the Solar Nebula, and the different scenarios produce very diverse initial size-frequency distributions (SFDs). In this work, we investigate the implications of the formation of Jupiter, plausibly the first giant planet to form, on the evolution of the primordial asteroid belt. The formation of Jupiter triggered a short but intense period of primordial bombardment, previously unaccounted for, which caused an early phase of enhanced collisional evolution in the asteroid belt. Our results indicate that this Jovian Early Bombardment caused the erosion or the disruption of bodies smaller than a threshold size, which strongly depends on the SFD of the primordial planetesimals. If the asteroid belt was dominated by planetesimals less than 100 km in diameter, the primordial bombardment would have caused the erosion of bodies smaller than 200 km in diameter. If the asteroid belt was instead dominated by larger planetesimals, the bombardment would have resulted in the destruction of bodies as big as 500 km.

  13. Angle stations in or for endless conveyor belts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Steel, Alan (Glasgow, GB6)

    1987-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In an angle station for an endless conveyor belt, there are presented to each incoming run of the belt stationary curved guide members (18, 19) of the shape of a major segment of a right-circular cylinder and having in the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) thereof rectangular openings (15) arranged in parallel and helical paths and through which project small freely-rotatable rollers (14), the continuously-changing segments of the curved surfaces of which projecting through said openings (15) are in attitude to change the direction of travel of the belt (13) through 90.degree. during passage of the belt about the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) of the guide member (18 or 19). The rectangular openings (15) are arranged with their longer edges lengthwise of the diagonals representing the mean of the helix but with those of a plurality of the rows nearest to each end of the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) slightly out of axial symmetry with said diagonals, being slightly inclined in a direction about the intersections (40) of the diagonals of the main portion of the openings, to provide a "toe-in" attitude in relation to the line of run of the endless conveyor belt.

  14. Modeling the radiation belt electrons with radial diffusion driven by the solar wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    in the enhancement of radiation belt electrons yet leaves a significant portion of the variance unaccounted for. We

  15. Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Are energetic electrons in the solar wind the source of the outer radiation belt? Xinlin Li,1 D. N in the solar wind are the source of the outer rela- tivistic electron radiation belt. Though there is some radiation belt, the phase space density of 20-200 keV electrons in the solar wind is not adequate to supply

  16. Radiation Belt Activity Indices and Solar Proton Event Alarm on the CRATERRE Project Web Site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiation Belt Activity Indices and Solar Proton Event Alarm on the CRATERRE Project Web Site D--Two Radiation Belt Activity Indices, based on electron flux measurement >300 keV and >1.6 MeV, and one Solar updated. Index Terms- CRATERRE project, Radiation belts activity, Space environment I. INTRODUCTION

  17. Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chris Fromme

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document details progress on the project entitled ''Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity'' during the period from November 15, 2004 to May 14, 2004. Highlights include fabrication of low-cost prototype hardware, acquisition of infrared thermal data, and initial design of a Smart-Camera based system.

  18. Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chris Fromme

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document details progress on the project entitled ''Effective Conveyor Belt Inspection for Improved Mining Productivity'' during the period from November 15, 2004 to May 14, 2004. Highlights include fabrication of an improved LED lightbar, fabrication of a line-scan sensor head for the Smart-Camera based prototype, and development of prototype vulcanized splice detection algorithms.

  19. Tolerance of combined salinity and O2 deficiency in Hordeum marinum accessions from the grain-belt of Western Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik1,2,3, AI; English1,2, JP; Shepherd1,4, KA; Islam2,5, AKMR; Colmer1,2, TD

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from the grain-belt of Western Australia for tolerance toin the accessions from Western Australia, as well as K +from the grain-belt of Western Australia. Single heads were

  20. A parametric study of the source rate for outer radiation belt electrons using a Kalman filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    A parametric study of the source rate for outer radiation belt electrons using a Kalman filter Q increasingly popular to describe the outer radiation belt energetic electron environment. We use a Kalman included. We augment the Kalman filter to include the intensity of local acceleration in the state vector

  1. Structure and evolution of the active fold and thrust belt of southwestern Taiwan using GPS geodesy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, John Bibb

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) from north to south, a dramatic change in the width of the deformation front of the fold and thrust belt which is accentuated across the Michih fault, and 4) the Tulungwan fault, a bounding fault between the Western Foothills and the Slate Belt, appears...

  2. Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 2750 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 27­50 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt, Graz, Austria b Mansoura University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, El Mansoura, Egypt c February 2003; accepted 3 September 2004 Abstract The Wadi Mubarak belt in Egypt strikes west­east (and

  3. Thermo-mechanical structure beneath the young orogenic belt of Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kuo-Fong

    Thermo-mechanical structure beneath the young orogenic belt of Taiwan Kuo-Fong Ma*, Teh-Ru Alex Abstract We investigate the thermo-mechanical properties beneath the young orogenic belt of Taiwan.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thermo-mechanical; Rheology; Seismicity; Strength profile; Composition

  4. Comparison of two approaches to automated PI controller tuning for an industrial weigh belt feeder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Emmanuel

    Comparison of two approaches to automated PI controller tuning for an industrial weigh belt feeder, are applied to an industrial weigh belt feeder that has significant nonlinearities. Both methods do--The Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society. Keywords: Fuzzy logic control; Unfalsified control; PI control

  5. Green belts in the hands and minds of farmers: A socio-agronomical approach to farmers' practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Green belts in the hands and minds of farmers: A socio-agronomical approach to farmers' practices.alavoine-mornas@irstea.fr ; sabine.girard@irstea.fr Keywords: green belts - biodiversity ­ farmers practices ­ French Alps Abstract of intensive agriculture. In France, this topic is addressed by the "blue and green belts" measure, which

  6. Eastern Overthrust Belt. Signs of a hoped-for awakening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, C.S. Jr.; Biggs, T.H.

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration for oil and gas is on the upswing in the SW Virginia sector of the Eastern Overthrust Belt in the 200-mile long portion between Lee and Montgomery Counties. In the past several months one new oil field has been opened and the area's only gas field has been revived after lying idle for 23 yr. These signs of a hoped-for awakening have been accompanied by an intense leasing program by many oil companies. This review is confined to the geology of the strongly folded and faulted area of SW Virginia. In the Overthrust area, early studies indicated that oil would be found only in portions of Lee and Scott Counties, and that other areas would contain only natural gas because of the greater intensity of regional metamorphism. Drilling so far has confirmed these forecasts. This study will be divided in a similar manner.

  7. Thrust belt architecture of the central and southern Western Foothills of Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez-Roa, Fernando Antonio

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    segments. The restored position of the preexisting normal faults places the current trace of the Western Foothills-Slate Belt boundary beneath the Coastal Range. The restoration of WFFTB’s rocks to their depositional locations also supports the tectonic...

  8. Thermal and Structural Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of the Idaho-Wyoming-Utah Thrust Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Shay Michael

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The timing of motion on thrust faults in the Idaho-Wyoming-Utah (IWU) thrust belt comes from synorogenic sediments, apatite thermochronology and direct dating of fault rocks coupled with good geometrical constraints of the subsurface structure...

  9. At several localities around the world, thrust belts have developed on both sides of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    of the Eastern Greater Antilles arc (Hispaniola and Puerto Rico), whereas a south-verging thrust belt called; Fig. 2). The Eastern Greater Antilles arc (Hispaniola and Puerto Rico) of the northeastern Caribbean

  10. The Electric Field and Waves Instruments on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wygant, J. R.

    The Electric Fields and Waves (EFW) Instruments on the two Radiation Belt Storm Probe (RBSP) spacecraft (recently renamed the Van Allen Probes) are designed to measure three dimensional quasi-static and low frequency ...

  11. Water Ice on the Satellite of Kuiper Belt Object 2003 EL61

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. M Barkume; M. E. Brown; E. L. Schaller

    2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We have obtained a near infrared spectrum of the brightest satellite of the large Kuiper Belt Object, 2003 EL61. The spectrum has absorption features at 1.5 and 2.0 microns, indicating that water ice is present on the surface. We find that the satellite's absorption lines are much deeper than water ice features typically found on Kuiper Belt Objects. We argue that the unusual spectrum indicates that the satellite was likely formed by impact and not by capture.

  12. An economic analysis of sprinkler irrigation technology in the Texas Rice Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Michael R

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SPRINKLER IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEXAS RICE BELT A Thesis MICHAEL RAY PARKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OP... SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SPRINKLER IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEXAS RICE BELT A Thesis MICHAEL R. PARKER Approved as to style and content by: M. Edward Rister (Co-Chairman) Ronald C...

  13. Storm/substorm signatures in the outer belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korth, A.; Friedel, R.H.W.; Mouikis, C. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Aeronomie, Lindau (Germany); Fennell, J.F. [Aerospace Corp., El Segundo, CA (United States)

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of the ring current region is compared for periods of storm and substorm activity, with an attempt to isolate the contributions of both processes. The authors investigate CRRES particle data in an overview format that allows the display of long-term variations of the outer radiation belt. They compare the evolution of the ring current population to indicators of storm (Dst) and substorm (AE) activity and examine compositional changes. Substorm activity leads to the intensification of the ring current at higher L (L {approximately} 6) and lower ring current energies compared to storms (L {approximately} 4). The O{sup +}/H{sup +} ratio during substorms remains low, near 10%, but is much enhanced during storms (can exceed 100%). They conclude that repeated substorms with an AE {approximately} 900 nT lead to a {Delta}Dst of {approximately} 30 nT, but do not contribute to Dst during storm main phase as substorm injections do not form a symmetric ring current during such disturbed times.

  14. On the Plutinos and Twotinos of the Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. I. Chiang; A. B. Jordan

    2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We illuminate dynamical properties of Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) in the 3:2 (``Plutino'') and 2:1 (``Twotino'') Neptunian resonances within the model of resonant capture and migration. We analyze a series of numerical integrations, each involving the 4 migratory giant planets and 400 test particles distributed throughout trans-Neptunian space, to measure efficiencies of capture as functions of migration speed. Snapshots of the spatial distribution of resonant KBOs reveal that Twotinos cluster +/- 75 degrees away from Neptune's longitude, while Plutinos cluster +/- 90 degrees away. Longitudinal clustering persists even for surveys that are not volume-limited in their ability to detect resonant KBOs. Remarkably, between -90 degrees and -60 degrees of Neptune's longitude, we find the sky density of Twotinos to nearly equal that of Plutinos, despite the greater average distance of Twotinos. We couple our findings to observations to crudely estimate that the intrinsic Twotino population is within a factor of 3 of the Plutino population. Most strikingly, the migration model predicts that more Twotinos may lie at longitudes behind that of Neptune than ahead of it. The magnitude of the asymmetry amplifies dramatically with faster rates of migration and can be as large as 300%. A differential measurement of the sky density of 2:1 resonant objects behind of and in front of Neptune's longitude would powerfully constrain the migration history of that planet.

  15. Initial highlights from the Herschel Gould Belt survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André, Ph; Bontemps, S; Könyves, V; Motte, F; Schneider, N; Didelon, P; Minier, V; Saraceno, P; Ward-Thompson, D; Di Francesco, J; White, G; Molinari, S; Testi, L; Abergel, A; Griffin, M; Henning, Th; Royer, P; Merín, B; Vavrek, R; Attard, M; Arzoumanian, D; Wilson, C D; Ade, P; Aussel, H; Baluteau, J -P; Benedettini, M; Bernard, J -Ph; Blommaert, J A D L; Cambrésy, L; Cox, P; Di Giorgio, A; Hargrave, P; Hennemann, M; Huang, M; Kirk, J; Krause, O; Launhardt, R; Leeks, S; Pennec, J Le; Li, J Z; Martin, P; Maury, A; Olofsson, G; Omont, A; Peretto, N; Pezzuto, S; Prusti, T; Roussel, H; Russeil, D; Sauvage, M; Sibthorpe, B; Sicilia-Aguilar, A; Spinoglio, L; Waelkens, C; Woodcraft, A; Zavagno, A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the first results from the Gould Belt survey, obtained toward the Aquila Rift and Polaris Flare regions during the 'science demonstration phase' of Herschel. Our 70-500 micron images taken in parallel mode with the SPIRE and PACS cameras reveal a wealth of filamentary structure, as well as numerous dense cores embedded in the filaments. Between ~ 350 and 500 prestellar cores and ~ 45-60 Class 0 protostars can be identified in the Aquila field, while ~ unbound starless cores and no protostars are observed in the Polaris field. The prestellar core mass function (CMF) derived for the Aquila region bears a strong resemblance to the stellar initial mass function (IMF), already confirming the close connection between the CMF and the IMF with much better statistics than earlier studies. Comparing and contrasting our Herschel results in Aquila and Polaris, we propose an observationally-driven scenario for core formation according to which complex networks of long, thin filaments form first within molecul...

  16. Volatile Loss and Classification of Kuiper Belt Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, R E; Young, L A; Volkov, A N; Schmidt, C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations indicate that some of the largest Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) have retained volatiles in the gas phase, which implies the presence of an atmosphere that can affect their reflectance spectra and thermal balance. Volatile escape rates driven by solar heating of the surface were estimated by Schaller and Brown (2007) (SB) and Levi and Podolak (2009)(LP) using Jeans escape from the surface and a hydrodynamic model respectively. Based on recent molecular kinetic simulations these rates can be hugely in error (e.g., a factor of $\\sim 10^{16}$ for the SB estimate for Pluto). In this paper we estimate the loss of primordial N$_2$ for several large KBOs guided by recent molecular kinetic simulations of escape due to solar heating of the surface and due to UV/EUV heating of the upper atmosphere. For the latter we extrapolate simulations of escape from Pluto (Erwin et al. 2013) using the energy limited escape model recently validated for the KBOs of interest by molecular kinetic simulations (Johnson et al. 2...

  17. Planar resonant periodic orbits in Kuiper belt dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Voyatzis; Thomas Kotoulas

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In the framework of the planar restricted three body problem we study a considerable number of resonances associated to the Kuiper Belt dynamics and located between 30 and 48 a.u. Our study is based on the computation of resonant periodic orbits and their stability. Stable periodic orbits are surrounded by regular librations in phase space and in such domains the capture of trans-Neptunian object is possible. All the periodic orbits found are symmetric and there is evidence for the existence of asymmetric ones only in few cases. In the present work first, second and third order resonances are under consideration. In the planar circular case we found that most of the periodic orbits are stable. The families of periodic orbits are temporarily interrupted by collisions but they continue up to relatively large values of the Jacobi constant and highly eccentric regular motion exists for all cases. In the elliptic problem and for a particular eccentricity value of the primary bodies the periodic orbits are isolated. The corresponding families, where they belong to, bifurcate from specific periodic orbits of the circular problem and seem to continue up to the rectilinear problem. Both stable and unstable orbits are obtained for each case. In the elliptic problem the unstable orbits found are associated with narrow chaotic domains in phase space. The evolution of the orbits, which are located in such chaotic domains, seems to be practically regular and bounded for long time intervals.

  18. Kuiper belt structure around nearby super-Earth host stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Grant M; Marmier, Maxime; Greaves, Jane S; Wyatt, Mark C; Bryden, Geoffrey; Holland, Wayne; Lovis, Christophe; Matthews, Brenda C; Pepe, Francesco; Sibthorpe, Bruce; Udry, Stéphane

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new observations of the Kuiper belt analogues around HD 38858 and HD 20794, hosts of super-Earth mass planets within 1 au. As two of the four nearby G-type stars (with HD 69830 and 61 Vir) that form the basis of a possible correlation between low-mass planets and debris disc brightness, these systems are of particular interest. The disc around HD 38858 is well resolved with Herschel and we constrain the disc geometry and radial structure. We also present a probable JCMT sub-mm continuum detection of the disc and a CO J=2-1 upper limit. The disc around HD 20794 is much fainter and appears marginally resolved with Herschel, and is constrained to be less extended than the discs around 61 Vir and HD 38858. We also set limits on the radial location of hot dust recently detected around HD 20794 with near-IR interferometry. We present HARPS upper limits on unseen planets in these four systems, ruling out additional super-Earths within a few au, and Saturn-mass planets within 10 au. We consider the disc st...

  19. Growth and erosion of fold-and-thrust belts with an application to the Aconcagua fold-and-thrust belt, Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilley, George

    -and-thrust belt, Argentina G. E. Hilley1 and M. R. Strecker Institut fu¨r Geowissenschaften, Universita¨t Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany V. A. Ramos Department de Geologia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina in the central Andes of Argentina where wedge development over time is well constrained. We solve

  20. The evolution and hydrocarbon habitat of the Papuan fold belt, PNG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalton, D.G.; Smith, R.I.; Cawley, S.J. (BP Australia Ltd., Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After over 70 years of hydrocarbon exploration in the Papuan fold belt of PNG (Papua New Guinea) there have been a number of hydrocarbon discoveries over recent years that have confirmed its potential as a significant producing province. The Papuan basin developed during the early Mesozoic as part of the northeast corner of the Australian passive margin. The basin's tertiary evolution and the development of the Papuan fold belt within the Papuan basin has evolved in response to oblique convergence between the northerly moving Australian plate and westerly moving Pacific plate. Restacking of the Mesozoic passive margin sequence within the Papuan Basin was initiated in the early miocene by southward abduction of the Solomon Sea plate and the subsequent collision, in the late Miocene, of the Melanesian Island arc along the northeastern margin of PNG. This later collision provided the driving mechanism for the development of the papuan thrust belt. To date, all the significant hydrocarbon discoveries made within the Papuan fold belt have been located within the frontal zone of the fold belt, which is characterized by relatively simple ramp anticlines and thick-skinned inversion structures. The primary proven reservoir fairway is the Jurassic Toro formation, which is a sequence of stacked submarine bars prograding out across a shallow-marine low-gradient shelf. Geochemical analysis of produced hydrocarbons and samples collected from the many surface seeps found in the fold belt indicate two main families of oil. A model explains the distribution of hydrocarbons discovered to date, which involves Jurassic and Cretaceous source intervals and a complex history of secondary migration and entrapment. The unique technical problems associated with exploration of the Papuan fold belt leave many elements of the proven play systems uncertain, but in so doing, they present many challenges and opportunities for the future.

  1. U-Sr isotopic speedometer: Fluid flow and chemical weatheringrates inaquifers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maher, Kate; DePaolo, Donald J.; Christensen, John N.

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Both chemical weathering rates and fluid flow are difficultto measure in natural systems. However, these parameters are critical forunderstanding the hydrochemical evolution of aquifers, predicting thefate and transport of contaminants, and for water resources/water qualityconsiderations. 87Sr/86Sr and (234U/238U) activity ratios are sensitiveindicators of water-rock interaction, and thus provide a means ofquantifying both flow and reactivity. The 87Sr/86Sr values in groundwaters are controlled by the ratio of the dissolution rate to the flowrate. Similarly, the (234U/238U) ratio of natural ground waters is abalance between the flow rate and the dissolution of solids, andalpha-recoil loss of 234U from the solids. By coupling these two isotopesystems it is possible to constrain both the long-term (ca. 100's to1000's of years) flow rate and bulk dissolution rate along the flow path.Previous estimates of the ratio of the dissolution rate to theinfiltration flux from Sr isotopes (87Sr/86Sr) are combined with a modelfor (234U/238U) to constrain the infiltration flux and dissolution ratefor a 70-m deep vadose zone core from Hanford, Washington. The coupledmodel for both (234U/238U) ratios and the 87Sr/86Sr data suggests aninfiltration flux of 5+-2 mm/yr, and bulk silicate dissolution ratesbetween 10-15.7 and 10-16.5 mol/m2/s. The process of alpha-recoilenrichment, while primarily responsible for the observed variation in(234U/238U) of natural systems, is difficult to quantify. However, therate of this process in natural systems affects the interpretation ofmost U-series data. Models for quantifying the alpha-recoil loss fractionbased on geometric predictions, surface area constraints, and chemicalmethods are also presented. The agreement between the chemical andtheoretical methods, such as direct measurement of (234U/238U) of thesmall grain size fraction and geometric calculations for that sizefraction, is quite good.

  2. Growth of asteroids, planetary embryos and Kuiper belt objects by chondrule accretion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Anders; Lacerda, Pedro; Bizzarro, Martin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chondrules are millimeter-sized spherules that dominate primitive meteorites (chondrites) originating from the asteroid belt. The incorporation of chondrules into asteroidal bodies must be an important step in planet formation, but the mechanism is not understood. We show that the main growth of asteroids can result from gas-drag-assisted accretion of chondrules. The largest planetesimals of a population with a characteristic radius of 100 km undergo run-away accretion of chondrules within ~3 Myr, forming planetary embryos up to Mars sizes along with smaller asteroids whose size distribution matches that of main belt asteroids. The aerodynamical accretion leads to size-sorting of chondrules consistent with chondrites. Accretion of mm-sized chondrules and ice particles drives the growth of planetesimals beyond the ice line as well, but the growth time increases above the disk life time outside of 25 AU. The contribution of direct planetesimal accretion to the growth of both asteroids and Kuiper belt objects is...

  3. The Antarctic Circumpolar Productivity Belt Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Follows, Mick

    The Antarctic Circumpolar Productivity Belt T. Ito Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere] We illustrate the mechanisms controlling the spatial patterns of biological productivity of enhanced export production, figuratively termed as the Antarctic Circumpolar Productivity Belt. As observed

  4. Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the SongpanGarze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau) with tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the Songpan­Garze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau Abstract New U­Pb and Rb­Sr geochronology on syn- and post-orogenic granites provide constraints on the timing of major tectonic events in the Songpan­Garze^ fold belt, west Sichuan, China. The Ma Nai granite

  5. Planck intermediate results. XII: Diffuse Galactic components in the Gould Belt System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ade, P A R; Alves, M I R; Arnaud, M; Ashdown, M; Atrio-Barandela, F; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartlett, J G; Battaner, E; Bedini, L; Benabed, K; Benoît, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bonaldi, A; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Chen, X; Chiang, L -Y; Christensen, P R; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Coulais, A; Cuttaia, F; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Dickinson, C; Diego, J M; Dobler, G; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Doré, O; Douspis, M; Dupac, X; Enßlin, T A; Finelli, F; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Franceschi, E; Galeotta, S; Ganga, K; Génova-Santos, R T; Ghosh, T; Giard, M; Giardino, G; Giraud-Héraud, Y; González-Nuevo, J; Górski, K M; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Hansen, F K; Harrison, D; Hernández-Monteagudo, C; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huffenberger, K M; Jaffe, T R; Jaffe, A H; Juvela, M; Keihänen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kisner, T S; Knoche, J; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lagache, G; Lähteenmäki, A; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Lawrence, C R; Leach, S; Leonardi, R; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vørnle, M; Lubin, P M; Macías-Pérez, J F; Maffei, B; Maino, D; Mandolesi, N; Maris, M; Marshall, D J; Martin, P G; Martínez-González, E; Masi, S; Massardi, M; Matarrese, S; Mazzotta, P; Melchiorri, A; Mennella, A; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Naselsky, P; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Osborne, S; Oxborrow, C A; Pajot, F; Paladini, R; Paoletti, D; Peel, M; Perotto, L; Perrotta, F; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Popa, L; Poutanen, T; Pratt, G W; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Reach, W T; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Renault, C; Ricciardi, S; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Rosset, C; Rubiño-Martín, J A; Rusholme, B; Salerno, E; Sandri, M; Savini, G; Scott, D; Spencer, L; Stolyarov, V; Sudiwala, R; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Tibbs, C T; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tristram, M; Valenziano, L; Van Tent, B; Varis, J; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Vittorio, N; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; Ysard, N; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zonca, A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform an analysis of the diffuse low-frequency Galactic components in the Southern part of the Gould Belt system ($130^\\circ\\leq l\\leq 230^\\circ$ and $-50^\\circ\\leq b\\leq -10^\\circ$). Strong UV flux coming from the Gould Belt super-association is responsible for bright diffuse foregrounds that we observe from our position inside the system and that can help us improve our knowledge of the Galactic emission. Free-free emission and anomalous microwave emission (AME) are the dominant components at low frequencies ($\

  6. Precipitation of relativistic electrons of the Van Allen belts into the proton aurora

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miyoshi, Y [NAGOYA UNIV; Sakaguchi, K [NAGOYA UNIV; Shiokawa, K [NAGOYA UNIV; Evans, D S [SEC/NOAA; Albert, Jay [AFRL; Connors, M [UNIV OF ATHABASCA

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Van Allen electron belts consist of two regions encircling the earth in which relativistic electrons are trapped in the earth's magnetic field. Populations of relativistic electrons in the Van Allen belts vary greatly with geomagnetic disturbance and they are a major source of damage to space vehicles. In order to know when and by how much these populations of relativistic electrons increase, it is important to elucidate not only the cause of acceleration of relativistic electrons but also the cause of their loss from the Van Allen belts. Here we show the first evidence that left-hand polarized electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) plasma waves can cause the loss of relativistic electrons into the atmosphere, on the basis of results of an excellent set of ground and satellite observations showing coincident precipitation of ions with energies of tens of keV and of relativistic electrons into an isolated proton aurora. The proton aurora was produced by precipitation of ions with energies of tens of keV due to EMIC waves near the plasma pause, which is a manifestation of wave-particle interactions. These observations clarify that ions with energies of tens of keV affect the evolution of relativistic electrons in the Van Allen belts via parasitic resonance with EMIC waves, an effect that was first theoretically predicted in the early 1970's.

  7. Modeling the deep penetration of outer belt electrons during the ``Halloween'' magnetic storm in 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    of this model is that the inputs are solely from measurements of current solar wind and energetic electrons. During the geomagnetic storm of October/November 2003, the intensity peak of the outer radiation belt model is developed, using the measurements of relativistic electrons at geosynchronous orbit

  8. Rayleigh-Taylor instability, lithospheric dynamics, surface topography at convergent mountain belts, and gravity anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Rayleigh-Taylor instability, lithospheric dynamics, surface topography at convergent mountain belts; accepted 25 April 2013; published 24 May 2013. [1] Surface topography and associated gravity anomalies of surface topography, with negative (positive) free-air anomalies over regions of descent (ascent

  9. GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    GEOSPATIAL DECISION SUPPORT FOR SEED COMPANIES IN THE CORN BELT Marcus E. Tooze1 , S. Hatten2 , W in the seed industry, new applications emerge for mapping, analysis, and interpretation of cultivar. In addition, a geospatial framework was developed to identify the soil landscapes that had the best soil

  10. Incorporating spectral characteristics of Pc5 waves into three-dimensional radiation belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkington, Scot R.

    . This is the first analysis in three dimensions utilizing model ULF wave electric and magnetic fields on the guiding losses at MeV energies. This inner electron belt resides mainly below 2 RE geocen- tric distance center trajectories of relativistic electrons. A model is developed, describing magnetic and electric

  11. Energetic outer radiation-belt electron precipitation during recurrent solar activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    on the atmosphere [Seppälä et al., 2004]. During some intense solar storms solar protons in the energy range 1Energetic outer radiation-belt electron precipitation during recurrent solar activity Mark A and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia. Russell S. Grew School of Mathematical

  12. High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bascou, Jérôme

    High-temperature deformation in the Neoproterozoic transpressional Ribeira belt, southeast Brazil^ncias da Universidade de Sa~o Paulo, Rua do Lago 562, Cep: 05508-080, Sa~o Paulo, SP, Brazil b Laboratoire Geologia, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, 35400-000, Ouro Pre^to, MG, Brazil Received 5 April 2001

  13. Analysis of Heavy Oil Recovery by Thermal EOR in a Meander Belt: From Geological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analysis of Heavy Oil Recovery by Thermal EOR in a Meander Belt: From Geological to Reservoir Energies nouvelles2 INTRODUCTION SAGD will become increasingly important for heavy oil recovery because assessment, well placement and production performance prediction. One of the most famous heavy oil provinces

  14. Tuesday, 31 July, 2012 Rapid radiation belt losses occurring during high speed solar wind stream1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    Tuesday, 31 July, 2012 1 Rapid radiation belt losses occurring during high speed solar wind stream1 Raita11 Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, Sodankylä, Finland12 Abstract. Recent geomagnetic disturbances triggered by the arrival of a Solar14 Wind Stream Interface (SWSI). In the current

  15. Power Line Damage, Electrical Outages Reduced in the ''Sleet Belt'': NICE3 Steel Project Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The AR Windamper System was developed through a grant from the Inventions and Innovation Program, to protect power transmission lines in sleet belt states and provinces by eliminating the ''galloping'' phenomenon. Wind damping products minimize power outages and reduce repair costs to transmission lines.

  16. A VR-BASED TRAINING PROGRAM FOR CONVEYOR BELT SAFETY SUBMITTED: June 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which has forced its adoption of large and fast moving equipment for transporting bulk material. Belt as their economy of operation, reliability, versatility, and practically unlimited range of capabilities. With all of these factors comes an inherent danger. From 1995 to 2007 there have been a total of 534 equipment related fatal

  17. Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

  18. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  19. Holocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bern, Universität

    and the Mediterranean region. Copyright # 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEYWORDS: climate change; human impact; Ilex TINNER1 1 Institute of Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of BernHolocene vegetation and fire dynamics in the supra-mediterranean belt of the Nebrodi Mountains

  20. Method for determining molten metal pool level in twin-belt continuous casting machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Timothy D. (Colchester, VT); Daniel, Sabah S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Dykes, Charles D. (Milton, VT)

    1989-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for determining level of molten metal in the input of a continuous metal casting machine having at least one endless, flexible, revolving casting belt with a surface which engages the molten metal to be cast and a reverse, cooled surface along which is directed high velocity liquid coolant includes the steps of predetermining the desired range of positions of the molten metal pool and positioning at least seven heat-sensing transducers in bearing contact with the moving reverse belt surface and spaced in upstream-downstream relationship relative to belt travel spanning the desired pool levels. A predetermined temperature threshold is set, somewhat above coolant temperature and the output signals of the transducer sensors are scanned regarding their output signals indicative of temperatures of the moving reverse belt surface. Position of the molten pool is determined using temperature interpolation between any successive pair of upstream-downstream spaced sensors, which follows confirmation that two succeeding downstream sensors are at temperature levels exceeding threshold temperature. The method accordingly provides high resolution for determining pool position, and verifies the determined position by utilizing full-strength signals from two succeeding downstream sensors. In addition, dual sensors are used at each position spanning the desired range of molten metal pool levels to provide redundancy, wherein only the higher temperature of each pair of sensors at a station is utilized.

  1. The Role of Climate in the Deformation of a Fold and Thrust Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steen, Sean Kristian

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and uplifted in large folds. In order to test this and related ideas in a natural example, we have compared modeled rainfall to measured thrust sheet displacement, geometry, and internal deformation in the Appalachian fold and thrust belt. We use mean annual...

  2. An Outer Planet Beyond Pluto and Origin of the Trans-Neptunian Belt Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patryk Sofia Lykawka; Tadashi Mukai

    2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) are remnants of a collisionally and dynamically evolved planetesimal disk in the outer solar system. This complex structure, known as the trans-Neptunian belt (or Edgeworth-Kuiper belt), can reveal important clues about disk properties, planet formation, and other evolutionary processes. In contrast to the predictions of accretion theory, TNOs exhibit surprisingly large eccentricities, e, and inclinations, i, which can be grouped into distinct dynamical classes. Several models have addressed the origin and orbital evolution of TNOs, but none have reproduced detailed observations, e.g., all dynamical classes and peculiar objects, or provided insightful predictions. Based on extensive simulations of planetesimal disks with the presence of the four giant planets and massive planetesimals, we propose that the orbital history of an outer planet with tenths of Earth's mass can explain the trans-Neptunian belt orbital structure. This massive body was likely scattered by one of the giant planets, which then stirred the primordial planetesimal disk to the levels observed at 40-50 AU and truncated it at about 48 AU before planet migration. The outer planet later acquired an inclined stable orbit (>100 AU; 20-40 deg) because of a resonant interaction with Neptune (an r:1 or r:2 resonance possibly coupled with the Kozai mechanism), guaranteeing the stability of the trans-Neptunian belt. Our model consistently reproduces the main features of each dynamical class with unprecedented detail; it also satisfies other constraints such as the current small total mass of the trans-Neptunian belt and Neptune's current orbit at 30.1 AU. We also provide observationally testable predictions.

  3. Factors determining the adoption or non-adoption of precision agriculture by producers across the cotton belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavergne, Christopher Bernard

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing cotton producer adoption of Precision Agriculture in the cotton belt according to members of the American Cotton Producers of the National Cotton Council. The National Research Council...

  4. Factors determining the adoption or non-adoption of precision agriculture by producers across the cotton belt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavergne, Christopher Bernard

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing cotton producer adoption of Precision Agriculture in the cotton belt according to members of the American Cotton Producers of the National Cotton Council. The ...

  5. Mechanical characteristics of folds in Upper Cretaceous strata in the Disturbed Belt of northwestern Montana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Pat Kader

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    controlled cross section through a wave trai. n of these folds, The citations on these pages follow the style of the U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin. other field observations, laboratory analysis of collected samples, and theoretical considerations...MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FOLDS IN UPPER CRETACEOUS STRATA IN THE DISTURBED BELT OF NORTHWESTERN MONTANA A Thesis by PAT KADER GILBERT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  6. A density-temperature description of the outer electron radiation belt during geomagnetic storms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borovsky, Joseph E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cayton, Thomas E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Denton, Michael H [LANCASTER UNIV

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron flux measurements from 7 satellites in geosynchronous orbit from 1990-2007 are fit with relativistic bi-Maxwellians, yielding a number density n and temperature T description of the outer electron radiation belt. For 54.5 spacecraft years of measurements the median value ofn is 3.7x10-4 cm-3 and the median value ofT is 142 keY. General statistical properties of n, T, and the 1.1-1.5 MeV flux J are investigated, including local-time and solar-cycle dependencies. Using superposed-epoch analysis triggered on storm onset, the evolution of the outer electron radiation belt through high-speed-steam-driven storms is investigated. The number density decay during the calm before the storm is seen, relativistic-electron dropouts and recoveries from dropout are investigated, and the heating of the outer electron radiation belt during storms is examined. Using four different triggers (SSCs, southward-IMF CME sheaths, southward-IMF magnetic clouds, and minimum Dst), CME-driven storms are analyzed with superposed-epoch techniques. For CME-driven storms an absence of a density decay prior to storm onset is found, the compression of the outer electron radiation belt at time of SSC is analyzed, the number-density increase and temperature decrease during storm main phase is seen, and the increase in density and temperature during storm recovery phase is observed. Differences are found between the density-temperature and the flux descriptions, with more information for analysis being available in the density-temperature description.

  7. Examining the specific entropy (density of adiabatic invariants) of the outer electron radiation belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borovsky, Joseph E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Denton, Michael H [LANCASTER UNIV

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using temperature and number-density measurements of the energetic-electron population from multiple spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit, the specific entropy S = T/n{sup 2/3} of the outer electron radiation belt is calculated. Then 955,527 half-hour-long data intervals are statistically analyzed. Local-time and solar-cycle variations in S are examined. The median value of the specific entropy (2.8 x 10{sup 7} eVcm{sup 2}) is much larger than the specific entropy of other particle populations in and around the magnetosphere. The evolution of the specific entropy through high-speed-stream-driven geomagnetic storms and through magnetic-cloud-driven geomagnetic storms is studied using superposed-epoch analysis. For high-speed-stream-driven storms, systematic variations in the entropy associated with electron loss and gain and with radiation-belt heating are observed in the various storm phases. For magnetic-cloud-driven storms, multiple trigger choices for the data superpositions reveal the effects of interplanetary shock arrival, sheath driving, cloud driving, and recovery phase. The specific entropy S = T/n{sup 2/3} is algebraically expressed in terms of the first and second adiabatic invariants of the electrons: this allows a relativistic expression for S in terms of T and n to be derived. For the outer electron radiation belt at geosynchronous orbit, the relativistic corrections to the specific entropy expression are -15%.

  8. A Correlation Between Inclination and Color in the Classical Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadwick A. Trujillo; Michael E. Brown

    2002-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured broadband optical BVR photometry of 24 Classical and Scattered Kuiper belt objects (KBOs), approximately doubling the published sample of colors for these classes of objects. We find a statistically significant correlation between object color and inclination in the Classical Kuiper belt using our data. The color and inclination correlation increases in significance after the inclusion of additional data points culled from all published works. Apparently, this color and inclination correlation has not been more widely reported because the Plutinos show no such correlation, and thus have been a major contaminant in previous samples. The color and inclination correlation excludes simple origins of color diversity, such as the presence of a coloring agent without regard to dynamical effects. Unfortunately, our current knowledge of the Kuiper belt precludes us from understanding whether the color and inclination trend is due to environmental factors, such as collisional resurfacing, or primordial population effects. A perihelion and color correlation is also evident, although this appears to be a spurious correlation induced by sampling bias, as perihelion and inclination are correlated in the observed sample of KBOs.

  9. A Wide-Field CCD Survey for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Sheppard; D. Jewitt; C. Trujillo; M. Brown; M. Ashley

    2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A modified Baker-Nunn camera was used to conduct a wide-field survey of 1428 square degrees of sky near the ecliptic in search of bright Kuiper Belt objects and Centaurs. This area is an order of magnitude larger than any previously published CCD survey for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt Objects. No new objects brighter than red magnitude m=18.8 and moving at a rate 1"/hr to 20"/hr were discovered, although one previously discovered Centaur 1997 CU26 Chariklo was serendipitously detected. The parameters of the survey were characterized using both visual and automated techniques. From this survey the empirical projected surface density of Centaurs was found to be SigmaCentaur(m 1 km) assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04. About 100 Centaurs are larger than 50 km in radius, of which only 4 are presently known. The current total mass of the Centaurs is 10^-4 Earth Masses. No dust clouds were detected resulting from Kuiper Belt object collisions, placing a 3sigma upper limit <600 collisionally produced clouds of m<18.8 per year.

  10. THE COLOR DIFFERENCES OF KUIPER BELT OBJECTS IN RESONANCE WITH NEPTUNE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppard, Scott S., E-mail: sheppard@dtm.ciw.edu [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical colors of 58 objects in mean motion resonance with Neptune were obtained. The various Neptune resonant populations were found to have significantly different surface color distributions. The 5:3 and 7:4 resonances have semimajor axes near the middle of the main Kuiper Belt and both are dominated by ultra-red material (spectral gradient: S {approx}> 25). The 5:3 and 7:4 resonances have statistically the same color distribution as the low-inclination 'cold' classical belt. The inner 4:3 and distant 5:2 resonances have objects with mostly moderately red colors (S {approx} 15), similar to the scattered and detached disk populations. The 2:1 resonance, which is near the outer edge of the main Kuiper Belt, has a large range of colors with similar numbers of moderately red and ultra-red objects at all inclinations. The 2:1 resonance was also found to have a very rare neutral colored object showing that the 2:1 resonance is really a mix of all object types. The inner 3:2 resonance, like the outer 2:1, has a large range of objects from neutral to ultra-red. The Neptune Trojans (1:1 resonance) are only slightly red (S {approx} 9), similar to the Jupiter Trojans. The inner 5:4 resonance only has four objects with measured colors but shows equal numbers of ultra-red and moderately red objects. The 9:5, 12:5, 7:3, 3:1, and 11:3 resonances do not have reliable color distribution statistics since few objects have been observed in these resonances, though it appears noteworthy that all three of the measured 3:1 objects have only moderately red colors, similar to the 4:3 and 5:2 resonances. The different color distributions of objects in mean motion resonance with Neptune are likely a result from the disruption of the primordial Kuiper Belt from the scattering and migration of the giant planets. The few low-inclination objects known in the outer 2:1 and 5:2 resonances are mostly only moderately red. This suggests if the 2:1 and 5:2 have a cold low-inclination component, the objects likely had a significantly different origin than the ultra-red-dominated cold components of the cold classical belt and 5:3 and 7:4 resonances.

  11. The impact of main belt asteroids on infrared--submillimetre photometry and source counts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cs. Kiss; A. Pal; Th. G. Mueller; P. Abraham

    2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    > Among the components of the infrared and submillimetre sky background, the closest layer is the thermal emission of dust particles and minor bodies in the Solar System. This contribution is especially important for current and future infrared and submillimetre space instruments --like those of Spitzer, Akari and Herschel -- and must be characterised by a reliable statistical model. > We describe the impact of the thermal emission of main belt asteroids on the 5...1000um photometry and source counts, for the current and future spaceborne and ground-based instruments, in general, as well as for specific dates and sky positions. > We used the statistical asteroid model (SAM) to calculate the positions of main belt asteroids down to a size of 1km, and calculated their infrared and submillimetre brightness using the standard thermal model. Fluctuation powers, confusion noise values and number counts were derived from the fluxes of individual asteroids. > We have constructed a large database of infrared and submillimetre fluxes for SAM asteroids with a temporal resolution of 5 days, covering the time span January 1, 2000 -- December 31, 2012. Asteroid fluctuation powers and number counts derived from this database can be obtained for a specific observation setup via our public web-interface. > Current space instruments working in the mid-infrared regime (Akari and Spitzer Space Telescopes) are affected by asteroid confusion noise in some specific areas of the sky, while the photometry of space infrared and submillimetre instruments in the near future (e.g. Herschel and Planck Space Observatories) will not be affected by asteroids. Faint main belt asteroids might also be responsible for most of the zodiacal emission fluctuations near the ecliptic.

  12. New Horizons Science Photos from NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    DOE provided the power supply for NASA's New Horizons Mission, a mission to the Pluto and Charon, a double-planet system, and the Kuiper Belt. There are 61 science photos posted on the New Horizons website, along with mission photos, spacecraft images, launch photos, posters and renderings that are both scientific and artistic. Dates range from June of 2006 to February of 2008. The images can be searched by keywords, by date, or by subject topic. They can also be browsed as an entire list. Each image has a detailed description.

  13. Water Ice in 2060 Chiron and its Implications for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. X. Luu; D. C. Jewitt; C. Trujillo

    2000-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the detection of water ice in the Centaur 2060 Chiron, based on near-infrared spectra (1.0 - 2.5 micron) taken with the 3.8-meter United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) and the 10-meter Keck Telescope. The appearance of this ice is correlated with the recent decline in Chiron's cometary activity: the decrease in the coma cross-section allows previously hidden solid-state surface features to be seen. We predict that water ice is ubiquitous among Centaurs and Kuiper Belt objects, but its surface coverage varies from object to object, and thus determines its detectability and the occurrence of cometary activity.

  14. Emplacement of the Moxa Arch and interaction with the Western Overthrust Belt, Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraig, David Harry

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geology EMPLACEMENT OF THE MOXA ARCH AND INTERACTION WITH THE WESTERN OVERTHRUST BELT, WYOMING A Thesis by DAVID HARRY KRAIG Approved as to style and content by: David V. Wiltschko (Chairman of Committee... College B. S. The University of New Mexico Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. David V. Wiltschko The northern segment of the Moxa Arch is modeled as uplifted along a low-angle thrust (Moxa thrust, MT). The west-verging MT cuts up section from...

  15. Inward shift of outer radiation belt electrons as a function of Dst index and the influence of the solar wind on electron injections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Inward shift of outer radiation belt electrons as a function of Dst index and the influence of the solar wind on electron injections into the slot region H. Zhao1 and X. Li1 Received 30 July 2012; revised 11 November 2012; accepted 13 November 2012. [1] The radial positioning of radiation belt

  16. The Ratio of Retrograde to Prograde Orbits: A Test for Kuiper Belt Binary Formation Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilke E. Schlichting; Re'em Sari

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    With the discovery of Kuiper Belt binaries that have wide separations and roughly equal masses new theories were proposed to explain their formation. Two formation scenarios were suggested by Goldreich and collaborators: In the first, dynamical friction that is generated by a sea of small bodies enables a transient binary to become bound ($L^2s$ mechanism); in the second, a transient binary gets bound by an encounter with a third body ($L^3$ mechanism). We show that these different binary formation scenarios leave their own unique signatures in the relative abundance of prograde to retrograde binary orbits. This signature is due to stable retrograde orbits that exist much further out in the Hill sphere than prograde orbits. It provides an excellent opportunity to distinguish between the different binary formation scenarios observationally. We predict that if binary formation proceeded while sub-Hill velocities prevailed, the vast majority of all comparable mass ratio binaries have retrograde orbits. This dominance of retrograde binary orbits is a result of binary formation via the $L^2s$ mechanism, or any other mechanism that dissipates energy in a smooth and gradual manner. For super-Hill velocities binary formation proceeds via the $L^3$ mechanism which produces a roughly equal number of prograde and retrograde binaries. These predictions assume that subsequent orbital evolution due to dynamical friction and dynamical stirring of the Kuiper belt did not alter the sense of the binary orbit after formation.

  17. Main-Belt Asteroids in the K2 Engineering Field of View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szabó, R; Szabó, Gy M; Pál, A; Kiss, Cs P; Csák, B; Illés, L; Rácz, G; Kiss, L L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unlike NASA's original Kepler Discovery Mission, the renewed K2 Mission will stare at the plane of the Ecliptic, observing each field for approximately 75 days. This will bring new opportunities and challenges, in particular the presence of a large number of main-belt asteroids that will contaminate the photometry. The large pixel size makes K2 data susceptible to the effect of apparent minor planet encounters. Here we investigate the effects of asteroid encounters on photometric precision using a sub-sample of the K2 Engineering data taken in February, 2014. We show examples of asteroid contamination to facilitate their recognition and distinguish these events from other error sources. We conclude that main-belt asteroids will have considerable effects on K2 photometry of a large number of photometric targets during the Mission, that will have to be taken into account. These results will be readily applicable for future space photometric missions applying large-format CCDs, such as TESS and PLATO.

  18. Discovery of a planetary-sized object in the scattered Kuiper belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. E. Brown; C. A. Trujillo; D. L. Rabinowitz

    2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the discovery and initial physical and dynamical characterization of the object 2003 UB313. The object is sufficiently bright that for all reasonable values of the albedo it is certain to be larger than Pluto. Pre-discovery observations back to 1989 are used to obtain an orbit with extremely small errors. The object is currently at aphelion in what appears to be a typical orbit for a scattered Kuiper belt object except that it is inclined by about 44 degrees from the ecliptic. The presence of such a large object at this extreme inclination suggests that high inclination Kuiper belt objects formed preferentially closer to the sun. Observations from Gemini Observatory show that the infrared spectrum is, like that of Pluto, dominated by the presence of frozen methane, though visible photometry shows that the object is almost neutral in color compared to Pluto's extremely red color. 2003 UB313 is likely to undergo substantial seasonal change over the large range of heliocentric distances that it travels; Pluto at its current distance is likely to prove a useful analog for better understanding the range of seasonal changes on this body.

  19. INITIAL PLANETESIMAL SIZES AND THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF SMALL KUIPER BELT OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlichting, Hilke E. [UCLA, Department of Earth and Space Science, 595 Charles E. Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E., E-mail: hilke@ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 6010, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kuiper Belt is a remnant from the early solar system and its size distribution contains many important constraints that can be used to test models of planet formation and collisional evolution. We show, by comparing observations with theoretical models, that the observed Kuiper Belt size distribution is well matched by coagulation models, which start with an initial planetesimal population with radii of about 1 km, and subsequent collisional evolution. We find that the observed size distribution above R {approx} 30 km is primordial, i.e., it has not been modified by collisional evolution over the age of the solar system, and that the size distribution below R {approx} 30 km has been modified by collisions and that its slope is well matched by collisional evolution models that use published strength laws. We investigate in detail the resulting size distribution of bodies ranging from 0.01 km to 30 km and find that its slope changes several times as a function of radius before approaching the expected value for an equilibrium collisional cascade of material strength dominated bodies for R {approx}< 0.1 km. Compared to a single power-law size distribution that would span the whole range from 0.01 km to 30 km, we find in general a strong deficit of bodies around R {approx} 10 km and a strong excess of bodies around 2 km in radius. This deficit and excess of bodies are caused by the planetesimal size distribution left over from the runaway growth phase, which left most of the initial mass in small planetesimals while only a small fraction of the total mass is converted into large protoplanets. This excess mass in small planetesimals leaves a permanent signature in the size distribution of small bodies that is not erased after 4.5 Gyr of collisional evolution. Observations of the small Kuiper Belt Object (KBO) size distribution can therefore test if large KBOs grew as a result of runaway growth and constrained the initial planetesimal sizes. We find that results from recent KBO occultation surveys and the observed KBO size distribution can be best matched by an initial planetesimal population that contained about equal mass per logarithmic mass bin in bodies ranging from 0.4 km to 4 km in radius. We further find that we cannot match the observed KBO size distribution if most of the planetesimal mass was contained in bodies that were 10 km in radius or larger simply because their resulting size distribution cannot be sufficiently depleted over 4.5 Gyr to match observations.

  20. Title: Prompt Creation of New Radiation Belts Cluster: Cross-Theme Theory and Data Analysis/SECTP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    energization rates that are orders of magnitude too slow for such events; and they only describe-pushing code for radiation belt particles in a global MHD simulation of the solar wind energy (>20 MeV), trapping and transporting inward the extreme solar energetic protons produced

  1. Magnetic storm acceleration of radiation belt electrons observed by the Scintillating Fibre Detector (SFD) onboard EQUATOR-S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    on the 500±67300 km, 4° inclination EQUATOR-S orbit show that the increase of the energetic electron ¯ux of electrons in the outer radiation belt has been attributed to Pc 5 band ULF waves excited by high speed solar wind ¯ow associated with magnetic storms (Rostoker et al., 1998). The main features

  2. Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne (Switzerland)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Mass movement-induced fold-and-thrust belt structures in unconsolidated sediments in Lake Lucerne coring in Lake Lucerne, Switzerland, have revealed surprising deformation structures in flat in Lake Lucerne affecting four sections of the lake floor with areas ranging from 0Æ25 to 6Æ5 km2 in area

  3. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  4. Precipitation of radiation belt electrons by EMIC waves, observed from ground and space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miyoski, Y [NAGOYA UNIV; Sakaguchi, K [NAGOYA UNIV; Shiokawa, K [NAGOYA UNIV; Evans, D S [NOAA, BOULDER; Albert, Jay [AFRL; Connors, M [UNIV OF ATHABASCA

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show evidence that left-hand polarised electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) plasma waves can cause the loss of relativistic electrons into the atmosphere. Our unique set of ground and satellite observations shows coincident precipitation of ions with energies of tens of keY and of relativistic electrons into an isolated proton aurora. The coincident precipitation was produced by wave-particle interactions with EMIC waves near the plasmapause. The estimation of pitch angle diffusion coefficients supports that the observed EMIC waves caused coincident precipitation ofboth ions and relativistic electrons. This study clarifies that ions with energies of tens of ke V affect the evolution of relativistic electrons in the radiation belts via cyclotron resonance with EMIC waves, an effect that was first theoretically predicted in the early 1970's.

  5. Geological evaluation of San Diego Norte Pilot Project, Zuata area, Orinoco Oil Belt, Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Rojas, I.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The San Diego Norte Pilot Project consists of twelve inclined wells (7 producing wells 300 m (984 ft) apart, plus 5 observation wells) drilled from a cluster, to study the production and compaction behavior under steam soak (huff and puff) of the Tertiary heavy crude oil reservoirs of the Zuata area. This area is located within the Orinoco Heavy Oil belt of Venezuela. A geological model was needed as a base for the reservoir studies and to understand the geological setting. This model was constructed from extensive log information, seismic lines, well samples, and cores. The reservoir sands are friable with an average porosity of 34% and permeabilities ranging from 1 to 7 ..mu..m/sup 2/ (1 to 7 darcys). The sands were deposited in meander belts that stacked up forming multistory bodies. Point bars and channel fills account for 80-90% of the total sand. These sands are internally heterogeneous, sinuous and elongated, and larger than the 1 km/sup 2/ area covered by the project. The topmost two productive sands, which together average 22 m (72 ft), show the best porosities and permeabilities and are isolated by thick clays that make them suitable for selective steam injection. In the project, the oil has a density of about 1.0 g/cm/sup 3/ (10/sup 0/ API) and fills all the sands down to the oil-water contact. The depth of this contact is controlled by regional faults. Based on core compressibility tests, compaction is expected to be the principal production mechanism that could increase the expected primary recovery of 4 to 12% by huff and puff steam injection, leading to a possible recovery of 0.64 x 10/sup 6/ m/sup 3/ (4 million bbl) in six years with four cycles of steam injection. 16 figures, 2 tables.

  6. Oak Ridge fault, Ventura fold belt, and the Sisar decollement, Ventura basin, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeats, R.S.; Huftile, G.J.; Grigsby, F.B. (Oregon State Univ. Corvallis (USA))

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rootless Ventura Avenue, San Miguelito, and Rincon anticlines (Ventura fold belt) in Pliocene -Pleistocene turbidites are fault-propagation folds related to south-dipping reverse faults rising from a decollement in Miocene shale. To the east, the Sulfur Mountain anticlinorium overlies and is cut by the Sisar, Big Canyon, and Lion south-dipping thrusts that merge downward into the Sisar decollement in lower Miocene shale. Shortening of the Miocene and younger sequence is {approximately} 3 km greater than that of underlying competent Paleogens strata in the Ventura fold belt and {approximately} 7 km greater farther east at Sulfur Mountain. Cross-section balancing requires that this difference be taken up by the Paleogene sequence at the Oak Ridge fault to the south. Convergence is northeast to north-northeast on the base of earthquake focal mechanisms, borehole breakouts, and piercing-point offest of the South Mountain seaknoll by the Oak Ridge fault. A northeast-trending line connecting the west end of Oak Ridge and the east end of Sisar fault separates an eastern domain where late Quaternary displacement is taken up entirely on the Oak Ridge fault and a western domain where displacement is transferred to the Sisar decollement and its overlying rootless folds. This implies that (1) the Oak Ridge fault near the coast presents as much seismic risk as it does farther east, despite negligible near-surface late Quaternary movement; (2) ground-rupture hazard is high for the Sisar fault set in the upper Ojai Valley; and (3) the decollement itself could produce an earthquake analogous to the 1987 Whittier Narrows event in Low Angeles.

  7. Twin-belt continuous caster with containment and cooling of the exiting cast product for enabling high-speed casting of molten-center product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dykes, Charles D. (303 Shore Rd., Milton, VT); Daniel, Sabah S. (303 Shore Rd., Pittsburgh, PA); Wood, J. F. Barry (303 Shore Rd., Burlington, VT 05401)

    1990-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In continuously casting molten metal into cast product by a twin-belt machine, it is desirable to achieve dramatic increases in speed (linear feet per minute) at which cast product exits the machine, particularly in installations where steel cast product is intended to feed a downstream regular rolling mill (as distinct from a planetary mill) operating in tandem with the twin-belt caster. Such high-speed casting produces product with a relatively thin shell and molten interior, and the shell tends to bulge outwardly due to metallostatic head pressure of the molten center. A number of cooperative features enable high-speed, twin-belt casting: (1) Each casting belt is slidably supported adjacent to the caster exit pulley for bulge control and enhanced cooling of cast product. (2) Lateral skew steering of each belt provides an effective increase in moving mold length plus a continuity of heat transfer not obtained with prior art belt steering apparatus. (3) The exiting slab is contained and supported downstream from the casting machine to prevent bulging of the shell of the cast product, and (4) spray cooling is incorporated in the exit containment apparatus for secondary cooling of cast product.

  8. Warm exo-Zodi from cool exo-Kuiper belts: the significance of P-R drag and the inference of intervening planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Grant M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Poynting-Robertson drag has been considered an ineffective mechanism for delivering dust to regions interior to the cool Kuiper belt analogues seen around other Sun-like stars. This conclusion is however based on the very large contrast in dust optical depth between the parent belt and the interior regions that results from the dominance of collisions over drag in systems with detectable cool belts. Here, we show that the levels of habitable zone dust arising from detectable Kuiper belt analogues can be tens to a few hundreds of times greater than the optical depth in the Solar Zodiacal cloud. Dust enhancements of more than a few tens of `zodi' are expected to hinder future Earth-imaging missions, but relatively few undetectable Kuiper belts result in such levels, particularly around stars older than a few Gyr. Thus, current mid to far-IR photometric surveys have already identified most of the 20-25% of nearby stars where P-R drag from outer belts could seriously impact Earth-imaging. The LBTI should easily d...

  9. A CHANGE IN THE LIGHT CURVE OF KUIPER BELT CONTACT BINARY (139775) 2001 QG{sub 298}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacerda, Pedro, E-mail: p.lacerda@qub.ac.uk [Astrophysics Research Centre, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    New observations show that the light curve of Kuiper Belt contact binary (139775) 2001 QG{sub 298} has changed substantially since the first observations in 2003. The 2010 light curve has a peak-to-peak photometric range of {Delta}m{sub 2010} = 0.7 {+-} 0.1 mag, significantly lower than in 2003, {Delta}m{sub 2003} = 1.14 {+-} 0.04 mag. This change is most simply interpreted if 2001 QG{sub 298} has an obliquity near 90{sup 0}. The observed decrease in {Delta}m is caused by a change in viewing geometry, from equator-on in 2003 to nearly 16{sup 0} (the orbital angular distance covered by the object between the observations) off the equator in 2010. The 2003 and 2010 light curves have the same rotation period and appear in phase when shifted by an integer number of full rotations, also consistent with high obliquity. Based on the new 2010 light curve data, we find that 2001 QG{sub 298} has an obliquity of {epsilon} = 90{sup 0} {+-} 30{sup 0}. Current estimates of the intrinsic fraction of contact binaries in the Kuiper Belt are debiased assuming that these objects have randomly oriented spins. If, as 2001 QG2{sub 98}, Kuiper Belt Object contact binaries tend to have large obliquities, a larger correction is required. As a result, the abundance of contact binaries may be larger than previously believed.

  10. HIGH-ALBEDO C-COMPLEX ASTEROIDS IN THE OUTER MAIN BELT: THE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasuga, Toshihiro [Public Relations Center, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Usui, Fumihiko; Hasegawa, Sunao [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210 (Japan); Ootsubo, Takafumi [Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Kuroda, Daisuke, E-mail: toshi.kasuga@nao.ac.jp [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Primitive, outer-belt asteroids are generally of low albedo, reflecting carbonaceous compositions like those of CI and CM meteorites. However, a few outer-belt asteroids having high albedos are known, suggesting the presence of unusually reflective surface minerals or, conceivably, even exposed water ice. Here, we present near-infrared (1.1-2.5 {mu}m) spectra of four outer-belt C-complex asteroids with albedos {>=}0.1. We find no absorption features characteristic of water ice (near 1.5 and 2.0 {mu}m) in the objects. Intimate mixture models set limits to the water ice by weight {<=}2%. Asteroids (723) Hammonia and (936) Kunigunde are featureless and have (60%-95%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes that might explain the high albedos. Asteroid (1276) Ucclia also shows a featureless reflection spectrum with (50%-60%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes. Asteroid (1576) Fabiola shows a possible weak, broad absorption band (1.5-2.1 {mu}m). The feature can be reproduced by (80%) amorphous Mg pyroxenes or orthopyroxene (crystalline silicate), either of which is likely to cause its high albedo. We discuss the origin of high-albedo components in primitive asteroids.

  11. A Search for Subkilometer-sized Ordinary Chondrite Like Asteroids in the Main-Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, H W; Chen, Y T; Ip, W H; Chang, C K

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The size-dependent effects of asteroids on surface regolith and collisional lifetimes suggest that small asteroids are younger than large asteroids. In this study, we performed multicolor main-belt asteroid (MBA) survey by Subaru telescope/Suprime-Cam to search for subkilometer-sized ordinary chondrite (Q-type) like MBAs. The total survey area was 1.5 deg^2 near ecliptic plane and close to the opposition. We detected 150 MBAs with 4 bands (B, V , R, I) in this survey. The range of absolute magnitude of detected asteroids was between 13 and 22 magnitude, which is equivalent to the size range of kilometer to sub-kilometer diameter in MBAs. From this observation, 75 of 150 MBAs with color uncertainty less than 0.1 were used in the spectral type analysis, and two possible Q-type aster- oids were detected. This mean that the Q-type to S-type ratio in MBAs is 0.5 to 2 (Binzel et al., 2004; Dandy et al., 2003). Therefore, Q-t...

  12. The JCMT Gould Belt Survey: SCUBA-2 observations of circumstellar disks in L 1495

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckle, J V; Greaves, J; Richer, J S; Matthews, B C; Johnstone, D; Kirk, H; Beaulieu, S F; Berry, D S; Broekhoven-Fiene, H; Currie, M J; Fich, M; Hatchell, J; Jenness, T; Mottram, J C; Nutter, D; Pattle, K; Pineda, J E; Salji, C; Tisi, S; Di Francesco, J; Hogerheijde, M R; Ward-Thompson, D; Bastien, P; Butner, H; Chen, M; Chrysostomou, A; Coude, S; Davis, C J; Duarte-Cabral, A; Friberg, P; Friesen, R; Fuller, G A; Graves, S; Gregson, J; Holland, W; Joncas, G; Kirk, J M; Knee, L B G; Mairs, S; Marsh, K; Moriarty-Schieven, G; Rawlings, J; Rosolowsky, E; Rumble, D; Sadavoy, S; Thomas, H; Tothill, N; Viti, S; White, G J; Wilson, C D; Wouterloot, J; Yates, J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present 850$\\mu$m and 450$\\mu$m data from the JCMT Gould Belt Survey obtained with SCUBA-2 and characterise the dust attributes of Class I, Class II and Class III disk sources in L1495. We detect 23% of the sample at both wavelengths, with the detection rate decreasing through the Classes from I--III. The median disk mask is 1.6$\\times 10^{-3}$M$_{\\odot}$, and only 7% of Class II sources have disk masses larger than 20 Jupiter masses. We detect a higher proportion of disks towards sources with stellar hosts of spectral type K than spectral type M. Class II disks with single stellar hosts of spectral type K have higher masses than those of spectral type M, supporting the hypothesis that higher mass stars have more massive disks. Variations in disk masses calculated at the two wavelengths suggests there may be differences in dust opacity and/or dust temperature between disks with hosts of spectral types K to those with spectral type M.

  13. ON A POSSIBLE SIZE/COLOR RELATIONSHIP IN THE KUIPER BELT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, R. E.; Kavelaars, J. J., E-mail: repike@uvic.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Color measurements and albedo distributions introduce non-intuitive observational biases in size-color relationships among Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that cannot be disentangled without a well characterized sample population with systematic photometry. Peixinho et al. report that the form of the KBO color distribution varies with absolute magnitude, H. However, Tegler et al. find that KBO color distributions are a property of object classification. We construct synthetic models of observed KBO colors based on two B-R color distribution scenarios: color distribution dependent on H magnitude (H-Model) and color distribution based on object classification (Class-Model). These synthetic B-R color distributions were modified to account for observational flux biases. We compare our synthetic B-R distributions to the observed ''Hot'' and ''Cold'' detected objects from the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey and the Meudon Multicolor Survey. For both surveys, the Hot population color distribution rejects the H-Model, but is well described by the Class-Model. The Cold objects reject the H-Model, but the Class-Model (while not statistically rejected) also does not provide a compelling match for data. Although we formally reject models where the structure of the color distribution is a strong function of H magnitude, we also do not find that a simple dependence of color distribution on orbit classification is sufficient to describe the color distribution of classical KBOs.

  14. Properties of the Trans-Neptunian Belt: Statistics From the CFHT Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadwick A. Trujillo; David C. Jewitt; Jane X. Luu

    2001-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a wide-field survey designed to measure the size, inclination, and radial distributions of Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). The survey found 86 KBOs in 73 square degrees observed to limiting red magnitude 23.7 using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and the 12k x 8k CCD Mosaic camera. For the first time, both ecliptic and off-ecliptic fields were examined to more accurately constrain the inclination distribution of the KBOs. The survey data were processed using an automatic moving object detection algorithm, allowing a careful characterization of the biases involved. In this work, we quantify fundamental parameters of the Classical KBOs (CKBOs), the most numerous objects found in our sample, using the new data and a maximum likelihood simulation. Deriving results from our best-fit model, we find that the size distribution follows a differential power law with exponent q = 4.0 (+0.6)(-0.5) (1 sigma, or 68.27% confidence). In addition, the CKBOs inhabit a very thick disk consistent with a Gaussian distribution of inclinations with a Half-Width of i(1/2) = 20 (+6)(-4) deg (1 sigma). We estimate that there are N = 3.8 (+2.0)(-1.5) x 10^4 (1 sigma) CKBOs larger than 100 km in diameter. We also find compelling evidence for an outer edge to the CKBOs at heliocentric distance R = 50 AU.

  15. Simulating the Heterogeneity in Braided Channel Belt Deposits: 2. Examples of Results and Comparison to Natural Deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guin, Arijit; Ramanathan, Ramya; Ritzi, Robert W.; Dominic, David F.; Lunt, Ian A.; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Freedman, Vicky L.

    2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In Part 1 of this series we presented a methodology and a code for modeling the hierarchical sedimentary architecture in braided channel belt deposits. Here, in Part 2, the code was used to create a digital model of this architecture, and the corresponding spatial distribution of permeability. The simulated architecture was compared to the real stratal architecture observed in an abandoned channel belt of the Sagavanirktok River, Alaska by Lunt et al. (2004). The comparisons included assessments of similarity which were both qualitative and quantitative. From the qualitative comparisons we conclude that a synthetic deposit created by the code has unit types, at each level, with a geometry which is generally consistent with the geometry of unit types observed in the field. The digital unit types would generally be recognized as representing their counterparts in nature, including cross stratasets, lobate and scroll bar deposits, channel fills, etc. Furthermore, the synthetic deposit has a hierarchical spatial relationship among these units which represents how the unit types are observed in field exposures and in geophysical images. In quantitative comparisons the proportions and the length, width, and height of unit types at different scales, across all levels of the stratal hierarchy compare well between the digital and the natural deposits. A number of important attributes of the channel belt model were shown to be influenced by more than one level within the hierarchy of stratal architecture. First, the high-permeability open-framework gravels percolated at all levels and thus formed preferential flow pathways. Open framework gravels are indeed known to form preferential flow pathways in natural channel belt deposits. The nature of a percolating cluster changed across different levels of the hierarchy of stratal architecture. As a result of this geologic structure, the percolation occurs at proportions of open-framework gravels below the theoretical percolation threshold for random infinite media. Second, when the channel belt model was populated with permeability distributions by lowest-level unit type, the composite permeability semivariogram contained structures that were identifiable at more than one scale, and each of these structures could be directly linked to unit types of different scales existing at different levels within the hierarchy of strata. These collective results are encouraging with respect to our goal that this model be relevant as a base case in future studies for testing ideas in research addressing the upscaling problem in aquifers and reservoirs with multi-scale heterogeneity.

  16. Evaluation of SRAT Sampling Data in Support of a Six Sigma Yellow Belt Process Improvement Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Thomas B.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Six Sigma continuous improvement initiatives at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF), a Yellow Belt team was formed to evaluate the frequency and types of samples required for the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) receipt in the DWPF. The team asked, via a technical task request, that the Statistical Consulting Section (SCS), in concert with the Immobilization Technology Section (ITS) (both groups within the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)), conduct a statistical review of recent SRAT receipt results to determine if there is enough consistency in these measurements to allow for less frequent sampling. As part of this review process, key decisions made by DWPF Process Engineering that are based upon the SRAT sample measurements are outlined in this report. For a reduction in SRAT sampling to be viable, these decisions must not be overly sensitive to the additional variation that will be introduced as a result of such a reduction. Measurements from samples of SRAT receipt batches 314 through 323 were reviewed as part of this investigation into the frequency of SRAT sampling. The associated acid calculations for these batches were also studied as part of this effort. The results from this investigation showed no indication of a statistically significant relationship between the tank solids and the acid additions for these batches. One would expect that as the tank solids increase there would be a corresponding increase in acid requirements. There was, however, an indication that the predicted reduction/oxidation (REDOX) ratio (the ratio of Fe{sup 2+} to the total Fe in the glass product) that was targeted by the acid calculations based on the SRAT receipt samples for these batches was on average 0.0253 larger than the predicted REDOX based upon Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) measurements. This is a statistically significant difference (at the 5% significance level), and the study also suggested that the difference was due to predictions of the formate and Mn concentrations in the SME product that were made at the time of the acid addition in the SRAT. For each of these analytes, the SRAT version was statistically different from the SME version (units are moles/kg SME product slurry): the SRAT values were, on average, 0.0914 larger than the SME values for formate and 0.0089 smaller than the SME values for Mn. A look at the signs of the terms corresponding to these two analytes in equation (2) indicates that both of these differences contribute to the calculated REDOX differences between the SRAT and SME product.

  17. Air Dispersion Modeling of Mine Waste in the Southeast Missouri Old Lead Belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Michael Lehman

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Past lead ore processing conducted in the Southeast Missouri Old Lead Belt since the 1700s has left numerous large areas of lead contamination in elevated piles of fine gravel waste called “chat” and dried-out tailings ponds. Wind suspension and atmospheric dispersion are known to transport these materials to the surrounding communities where the lead could pose a human health threat through inhalation or ingestion of the deposited contamination. The purpose of this study was to estimate potential wind suspension rates, perform dispersion modeling of the tailings and chat sources, and determine ground surface deposition rates and potential soil concentrations of lead in the surrounding areas. The results can be used to prioritize soil sampling locations, site air monitors, help identify the source of soil lead contamination, and to help develop remediation plans. Numerous, large complex sources in the region were parameterized into 33 area sources with the aid of digital aerial photos, digitized typographic maps, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software, and site inspections. An AP-42 particulate emission model was used to estimate lower- and upper-bound hourly emission rates using six years of hourly wind speed data obtained from the St. Louis Airport. The emissions model accounted for wind speed, precipitation, source-specific aggregate size, fraction of vegetation cover, and site-specific lead concentrations. An alternative simplified method to calculate emissions from elevated chat piles was developed. The Fugitive Dust Model (FDM) was then used to calculate long-term average and maximum 24-hour deposition rates of lead over a 200 km2 region. Soil concentrations were estimated from modeled deposition rates, time of deposition (80 y) and an assumed surface (0-5.08 cm) mixing depth. Model performance was evaluated by comparing lower- and upper- bound modeled predictions to both air and soil sampling data obtained at two sites. The predicted-to-observed (P/O) ratios calculated using the geometric mean of the lower- and upper-bound modeled concentrations ranged from a low of 0.84 at 300 m to a high of 1.4 at 1800 m, with an average of 1.1. The P/O ratios tended to increase slightly at distances beyond about 1 km. These P/O ratios demonstrate exceptional model performance for the particular sampling transect (location and direction) investigated.

  18. Electron loss rates from the outer radiation belt caused by the filling of the outer plasmasphere: the calm before the storm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borovsky, Joseph E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Denton, Michael H [LANCASTER UNIV

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements from 7 spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit are analyzed to determine the decay rate of the number density of the outer electron radiation belt prior to the onset of high-speed-stream-driven geomagnetic storms. Superposed-data analysis is used wan(?) a collection of 124 storms. When there is a calm before the storm, the electron number density decays exponentially before the storm with a 3.4-day e-folding time: beginning about 4 days before storm onset, the density decreases from {approx}4x10{sup -4} cm{sup -3} to {approx}1X 10{sup -4} cm{sup -3}. When there is not a calm before the storm, the number-density decay is very smalL The decay in the number density of radiation-belt electrons is believed to be caused by pitch-angle scattering of electrons into the atmospheric loss cone as the outer plasmasphere fills during the calms. While the radiation-belt electron density decreases, the temperature of the electron radiation belt holds approximately constant, indicating that the electron precipitation occurs equally at all energies. Along with the number density decay, the pressure of the outer electron radiation belt decays and the specific entropy increases. From the measured decay rates, the electron flux to the atmosphere is calculated and that flux is 3 orders of magnitude less than thermal fluxes in the magnetosphere, indicating that the radiation-belt pitch-angle scattering is 3 orders weaker than strong diffusion. Energy fluxes into the atmosphere are calculated and found to be insufficient to produce visible airglow.

  19. The dynamical evolution of dwarf planet (136108) Haumea's collisional family: General properties and implications for the trans-Neptunian belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lykawka, Patryk Sofia; Mukai, Tadashi; Nakamura, Akiko M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, the first collisional family was identified in the trans-Neptunian belt. The family consists of Haumea and at least ten other ~100km-sized trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) located in the region a = 42 - 44.5 AU. In this work, we model the long-term orbital evolution of an ensemble of fragments representing hypothetical post-collision distributions at the time of the family's birth. We consider three distinct scenarios, in which the kinetic energy of dispersed particles were varied such that their mean ejection velocities (veje) were of order 200 m/s, 300 m/s and 400 m/s, respectively. Each simulation considered resulted in collisional families that reproduced that currently observed. The results suggest that 60-75% of the fragments created in the collision will remain in the trans-Neptunian belt, even after 4 Gyr of dynamical evolution. The surviving particles were typically concentrated in wide regions of orbital element space centred on the initial impact location, with their orbits spread across a ...

  20. Generated using version 3.2 of the official AMS LATEX template Distinguishing the cold conveyor belt and sting jet air streams in1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    structure of a Shapiro­Keyser cyclone during development stage III.38 There are two separate regions usually belt and sting jet air streams in1 an intense extratropical cyclone2 Oscar Mart´inez-Alvarado, Laura H.martinezalvarado@reading.ac.uk 1 #12;ABSTRACT4 Strong winds equatorwards and rearwards of a cyclone core have often been associated

  1. Reproducing MEES Is Strictly Prohibited MEES 47:11 15 March 2004 The Value Of Extra-Heavy Crude Oil From The Orinoco Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Petrolífera del Orinoco) began in 1920 but with disappointing re- sults: the oil discovered was too heavy was made in 1956-57, which led to up to 20,000 b/d of heavy oil put into production, and at this point conjectures, explorations revealed that the Belt mainly contained `heavy' oil ­ according to the present day

  2. Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Regional-Scale Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions within the US Corn Belt: The Impact of Precipitation and Agricultural Drainage on Indirect Emissions Tim Griffis1, Xuhui Lee2, John Baker3, Peter, but mitigation strategies have been limited by the large uncertainties in both direct and indirect emission

  3. Structural and kinematic analysis of the Early Paleozoic Ondor Sum-Hongqi mlange belt, eastern part of the Altaids (CAOB) in Inner Mongolia, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    part of the Altaids (CAOB) in Inner Mongolia, China Guanzhong Shi a,b Michel Faureb , Bei Xua,* , Pan mélange and a magmatic arc that form the main elements of the Southern Orogen Belt of Inner Mongolia of the mélange conducted in the Hongqi and Ondor Sum areas (western Inner Mongolia) shows two phrases of ductile

  4. First Results of a Full Scaled Passive Treatment System for High Metal Concentration AMD at the Iberian Pyrite Belt, SW Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    at the Iberian Pyrite Belt, SW Spain M. A. Caraballo a), F. Macías a), T. S. Rötting b), J. M. Nieto a), C. Ayora c) a) Department of Geology, University of Huelva. Avda. Fuerzas Armadas s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain "Jaume Almera" CSIC, Lluís Solé y Sabarís, s/n. Barcelona 08028, Spain. Abstract Acidity load

  5. Health assessment for Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt, Jasper County, Missouri, Region 7. CERCLIS No. MDD980686281. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt site, Jasper County, Missouri, has been proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for inclusion on the National Priorities List (NPL). Referred to as the Missouri portion of the Tri-State (Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma) Mining District, the site comprises approximately 20 square miles and was the location of the most concentrated mining effort in the Tri-State District. As a result of commercial zinc and lead mining operations that occurred from about 1850 until the late 1960s, shallow groundwater, surface water, sediment, and surface soil are contaminated with heavy metals (zinc, lead, cadmium, and nickel). Municipalities in the area use both surface water and a deep aquifer for water supplies; individual households outside these centers rely on a shallow aquifer for water. Based upon information reviewed, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has concluded that this site is of public health concern because of the risk to human health resulting from probable exposure to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse human health effects.

  6. Implications of thermal events on thrust emplacement sequence in the Appalachian fold and thrust belt: Some new vitrinite reflectance data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, S.E.; Hower, J.C. (Montana Tech, Butte (USA))

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interpretation of existing geothermometry data combined with new vitrinite reflectance data, within the framework of a detailed composite tectonic setting, elucidates the evolution of structural sequencing of thrust sheets during the Alleghanian event in the Valley and Ridge Province in Virginia. That the Pulaski thrust sheet preceded the Saltville thrust sheet in the emplacement sequence, and that both reached thermal maxima prior to, or during, respective emplacement may be inferred from vitrinite and other geothermometry data. In contrast, the Narrows and St. Clair thrust sheets probably each attained their thermal maximum after emplacement. New vitrinite reflectance data are consistent with CAI and other temperature-sensitive information heretofore ascertained in the Valley and Ridge Province and support previously established maximum temperatures of ca. 200C for strata of the Saltville thrust sheet as young as Mississippian. R{sub max} values from Mississippian coals in the Price Formation of the Saltville sheet, beneath but near the Pulaski thrust, range from 1.61% to 2.60%. At the structural front of the fold and thrust belt, a single Mississippian coal sample from the Bluefield Formation yields an R{sub max} value of 1.35%. Those coals showing highest R{sub max} values are more intensely fractured with secondary minerals filling the fractures. Warm fluids introduced during tectonic events may have played at least as important a role as that of combined stratigraphic and tectonic burial.

  7. Stellar Parameters for HD 69830, a Nearby Star with Three Neptune Mass Planets and an Asteroid Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, Angelle; von Braun, Kaspar; Kane, Stephen; Brewer, John M; Farrington, Chris; van Belle, Gerard T; Beichman, Charles A; Fischer, Debra; Brummelaar, Theo A ten; McAlister, Harold A; Schaefer, Gail

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used the CHARA Array to directly measure the angular diameter of HD 69830, home to three Neptune mass planets and an asteroid belt. Our measurement of 0.674+/-0.014 milli-arcseconds for the limb-darkened angular diameter of this star leads to a physical radius of R$_*$ = 0.9058$\\pm$0.0190 R\\sun and luminosity of L* = 0.622+/-0.014 Lsun when combined with a fit to the spectral energy distribution of the star. Placing these observed values on an Hertzsprung-Russel (HR) diagram along with stellar evolution isochrones produces an age of 10.6+/-4 Gyr and mass of 0.863$\\pm$0.043 M\\sun. We use archival optical echelle spectra of HD 69830 along with an iterative spectral fitting technique to measure the iron abundance ([Fe/H]=-0.04+/-0.03), effective temperature (5385+/-44 K) and surface gravity (log g = 4.49+/-0.06). We use these new values for the temperature and luminosity to calculate a more precise age of 7.5+/-Gyr. Applying the values of stellar luminosity and radius to recent models on the optimistic locati...

  8. A Summary of Coupled, Uncoupled, and Hybrid Tectonic Models for the Yakima Fold Belt--Topical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chamness, Michele A.; Winsor, Kelsey; Unwin, Stephen D.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is one in a series of topical reports compiled by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to summarize technical information on selected topics important to the performance of a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to summarize the range of opinions and supporting information expressed by the expert community regarding whether a coupled or uncoupled model, or a combination of both, best represents structures in the Yakima Fold Belt. This issue was assessed to have a high level of contention with up to moderate potential for impact on the hazard estimate. This report defines the alternative conceptual models relevant to this technical issue and the arguments and data that support those models. It provides a brief description of the technical issue and principal uncertainties; a general overview on the nature of the technical issue, along with alternative conceptual models, supporting arguments and information, and uncertainties; and finally, suggests some possible approaches for reducing uncertainties regarding this issue.

  9. A Summary of Information on the Behavior of the Yakima Fold Belt as a Structural Entity -- Topical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Last, George V.; Winsor, Kelsey; Unwin, Stephen D.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is one in a series of topical reports compiled by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to summarize technical information on selected topics important to the performance of a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) of the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to summarize available data and analyses relevant to the Yakima Fold Belt (YFB) that may bear on the question of whether or not the YFB behaves as a single seismotectonic province in which activity along one fold structure is representative of behavior along all other fold structures. This topic has met with a fairly high level of contention in the expert community and has the potential to result in significant impacts on an evaluation of seismic hazard at the Hanford Site. This report defines the relevant alternative conceptual models relevant to this technical issue and the arguments and data that support those models. It provides a brief description of the technical issue and principal uncertainties; a general overview on the nature of the technical issue, along with alternative conceptual models, supporting arguments and information, and uncertainties; and finally, it suggests some possible approaches for reducing uncertainties regarding this issue.

  10. LANL* V1.0: a radiation belt drift shell model suitable for real-time and reanalysis applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koller, Josep [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reiner H W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Space weather modeling, forecasts, and predictions, especially for the radiation belts in the inner magnetosphere, require detailed information about the Earth's magnetic field. Results depend on the magnetic field model and the L* (pron. L-star) values which are used to describe particle drift shells. Space wather models require integrating particle motions along trajectories that encircle the Earth. Numerical integration typically takes on the order of 10{sup 5} calls to a magnetic field model which makes the L* calculations very slow, in particular when using a dynamic and more accurate magnetic field model. Researchers currently tend to pick simplistic models over more accurate ones but also risking large inaccuracies and even wrong conclusions. For example, magnetic field models affect the calculation of electron phase space density by applying adiabatic invariants including the drift shell value L*. We present here a new method using a surrogate model based on a neural network technique to replace the time consuming L* calculations made with modern magnetic field models. The advantage of surrogate models (or meta-models) is that they can compute the same output in a fraction of the time while adding only a marginal error. Our drift shell model LANL* (Los Alamos National Lab L-star) is based on L* calculation using the TSK03 model. The surrogate model has currently been tested and validated only for geosynchronous regions but the method is generally applicable to any satellite orbit. Computations with the new model are several million times faster compared to the standard integration method while adding less than 1% error. Currently, real-time applications for forecasting and even nowcasting inner magnetospheric space weather is limited partly due to the long computing time of accurate L* values. Without them, real-time applications are limited in accuracy. Reanalysis application of past conditions in the inner magnetosphere are used to understand physical processes and their effect. Without sufficiently accurate L* values, the interpretation of reanalysis results becomes difficult and uncertain. However, with a method that can calculate accurate L* values orders of magnitude faster, analyzing whole solar cycles worth of data suddenly becomes feasible.

  11. PSW1-C0.2-D0.1-E2.4-F0.1-PSRB2-0021-02 SOLAR WIND-DRIVEN ELECTRON RADIATION BELT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    linear filters, to remove unwanted "col- ored noise" from solar wind and radiation belt electron data output might be achieved with: 1) additional simultaneous solar wind inputs; 2) more sophisticated quality of solar, solar-wind, and magnetospheric data that has become available in recent years has led

  12. Facile synthesis, phase transition, optical switching and oxidation resistance properties of belt-like VO{sub 2}(A) and VO{sub 2}(M) with a rectangular cross section

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yifu; Huang, Yanfen; Zhang, Juecheng; Wu, Weibing; Niu, Fei; Zhong, Yalan [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Liu, Xinghai, E-mail: liuxh@whu.edu.cn [School of Printing and Packaging, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079 (China)] [School of Printing and Packaging, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079 (China); Liu, Xin [School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)] [School of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Huang, Chi, E-mail: chihuang@whu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)] [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? Belt-like VO{sub 2}(A) with a rectangular cross section was synthesized. ? The formation mechanism of belt-like VO{sub 2}(A) was proposed. ? Belt-like VO{sub 2}(M) was prepared by the irreversible transformation of VO{sub 2}(A). ? VO{sub 2}(A) and VO{sub 2}(M) can be used as the optical switching materials. ? VO{sub 2}(A) and VO{sub 2}(M) have good oxidation resistance below 400 °C in air. -- Abstract: Belt-like VO{sub 2}(A) with a rectangular cross section (VA-RCS) was successfully synthesized using V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}·2H{sub 2}O and H{sub 2}O as the starting materials by a facile hydrothermal approach. Some synthetic parameters, such as, the reaction time, reaction temperature and concentration of H{sub 2}C{sub 2}O{sub 4}·2H{sub 2}O, were systematically investigated to control the fabrication of belt-like VA-RCS. The formation mechanism of belt-like VA-RCS was proposed. Subsequently, belt-like VO{sub 2}(M) with a rectangular cross section (VM-RCS) was prepared by the irreversible transformation of VA-RCS at 700 °C for 2 h under the inert atmosphere. The phase transition temperature (T{sub c}) of VA-RCS and VM-RCS was evaluated by DSC test. The optical switching properties of VA-RCS and VM-RCS were studied by the variable-temperature infrared spectra, and it was found that the as-obtained VA-RCS and VM-RCS could be used as the optical switching materials. Furthermore, the oxidation resistance properties of VA-RCS and VM-RCS were investigated by TGA, indicating that they have good thermal stability and oxidation resistance below 400 °C in air.

  13. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 7): Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt Site, Operable Unit 4, Jasper County, MO, July 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has prepared this decision document to present the selected remedial action for ground water at the Oronogo/Duenweg Mining Belt Site located in Jasper County, Missouri. This selected remedy deals with providing safe drinking water supplies to residents currently consuming ground water contaminated with metals. The major components of selected remedy are: Support to Public Water Supply District No. 3 in the Oronogo/Duenweg Designated Area (DA); Extension of existing public water lines in the Oronogo/Duenweg DA; Extension of existing public water lines in the Irons Gates Extension DA; Installation of point-of-use treatment units to homes not accessible to public water; A maintenance program for the point-of-use treatment units; A monitoring program for threatened homes and the point-of-use treatment units; and Institutional controls to regulate future uses of the contaminated shallow aquifer.

  14. The JCMT Gould Belt Survey: First results from the SCUBA-2 observations of the Ophiuchus molecular cloud and a virial analysis of its prestellar core population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattle, K; Kirk, J M; White, G J; Drabek-Maunder, E; Buckle, J; Beaulieu, S F; Berry, D S; Broekhoven-Fiene, H; Currie, M J; Fich, M; Hatchell, J; Kirk, H; Jenness, T; Johnstone, D; Mottram, J C; Nutter, D; Pineda, J E; Quinn, C; Salji, C; Tisi, S; Walker-Smith, S; Di Francesco, J; Hogerheijde, M R; André, Ph; Bastien, P; Bresnahan, D; Butner, H; Chen, M; Chrysostomou, A; Coude, S; Davis, C J; Duarte-Cabral, A; Fiege, J; Friberg, P; Friesen, R; Fuller, G A; Graves, S; Greaves, J; Gregson, J; Griffin, M J; Holland, W; Joncas, G; Knee, L B G; Könyves, V; Mairs, S; Marsh, K; Matthews, B C; Moriarty-Schieven, G; Rawlings, J; Richer, J; Robertson, D; Rosolowsky, E; Rumble, D; Sadavoy, S; Spinoglio, L; Thomas, H; Tothill, N; Viti, S; Wouterloot, J; Yates, J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the first observations of the Ophiuchus molecular cloud performed as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) Gould Belt Survey (GBS) with the SCUBA-2 instrument. We demonstrate methods for combining these data with previous HARP CO, Herschel, and IRAM N$_{2}$H$^{+}$ observations in order to accurately quantify the properties of the SCUBA-2 sources in Ophiuchus. We produce a catalogue of all of the sources found by SCUBA-2. We separate these into protostars and starless cores. We list all of the starless cores and perform a full virial analysis, including external pressure. This is the first time that external pressure has been included in this level of detail. We find that the majority of our cores are either bound or virialised. Gravitational energy and external pressure are on average of a similar order of magnitude, but with some variation from region to region. We find that cores in the Oph A region are gravitationally bound prestellar cores, while cores in the Oph C and ...

  15. "TNOs are Cool": A survey of the trans-Neptunian region X. Analysis of classical Kuiper belt objects from Herschel and Spitzer observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilenius, E; Müller, T; Mommert, M; Santos-Sanz, P; Pál, A; Stansberry, J; Mueller, M; Peixinho, N; Lellouch, E; Fornasier, S; Delsanti, A; Thirouin, A; Ortiz, J L; Duffard, R; Perna, D; Henry, F

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The classical Kuiper belt contains objects both from a low-inclination, presumably primordial, distribution and from a high-inclination dynamically excited population. Based on a sample of classical TNOs with observations at thermal wavelengths we determine radiometric sizes, geometric albedos and thermal beaming factors as well as study sample properties of dynamically hot and cold classicals. Observations near the thermal peak of TNOs using infra-red space telescopes are combined with optical magnitudes using the radiometric technique with near-Earth asteroid thermal model (NEATM). We have determined three-band flux densities from Herschel/PACS observations at 70.0, 100.0 and 160.0 $\\mu$m and Spitzer/MIPS at 23.68 and 71.42 $\\mu$m when available. We have analysed 18 classical TNOs with previously unpublished data and re-analysed previously published targets with updated data reduction to determine their sizes and geometric albedos as well as beaming factors when data quality allows. We have combined these s...

  16. San Juan Montana Thrust Belt WY Thrust Belt Black Warrior

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April19. AverageForecast

  17. Replace V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt Drives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy using Fues Cells Webinar, July0 Replace

  18. Geochemical, oxygen, and neodymium isotope compositions of metasediments from the Abitibi greenstone belt and Pontiac Subprovince, Canada: Evidence for ancient crust and Archean terrane juxtaposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, R.; Kerrich, R. (Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada)); Maas, R. (Curtin Univ. of Technology, Perth (Australia))

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Abitibi greenstone belt (AGB) and Pontiac Subprovince (PS) in the southwestern Superior Province are adjacent greenstone-plutonic and metasedimentary-dominated terranes, respectively, separated by a major fault zone. Metasediments from these two contrasting terranes are compared in terms of major- and trace-element and O- and Nd-isotope compositions, and detrital zircon ages. The following two compositional populations of metasediments are present in the low-grade, Abitibi southern volcanic zone: (1) a mafic-element-enriched population (MEP) characterized by flat, depleted REE patterns; enhanced Mg, Cr, Co, Ni, and Sc; low-incompatible-element contents; and minor or absent normalized negative troughs at Nb, Ta, and Ti; and (2) a low-mafic-element population (LMEP) featuring LREE-enriched patterns; enhanced Rb, Cs, Ba, Th, and U contents; and pronounced normalized negative troughs at Nb, Ta, and Ti. These geochemical features are interpreted to indicate that the MEP sediments were derived from an ultramafic- and mafic-dominated oceanic provenance, whereas the LMEP sediments represent mixtures of mafic and felsic are source rocks. The PS metasediments are essentially indistinguishable from Abitibi LMEP on the basis of major-element and transition metal abundances, suggesting comparable types of source rocks and degrees of maturity, but are distinct in terms of some trace elements and O-isotope compositions. The Pontiac metasediments are depleted in [sup 18]O and enriched in Cs, Ba, Pb, Th, U, Nb, Ta, Hf, Zr, and total REE and also have higher ratios of Rb/K, Cs/Rb, Ba/Rb, Ta/Nb, Th/La, and Ba/La relative to the Abitibi LMEP. Two subtypes of REE patterns have been identified in PS metasediments. The first subtype is interpreted to be derived from provenances of mixed mafic and felsic volcanic rocks, whereas the Eu-depleted type has features that are typical of post-Archean sediments or Archean K-rich granites and volcanic equivalents. 100 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

  19. 2002-21-0041 Performance Driver Information Systems, Enhancing the Fun-to-Drive Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in automobiles today display vehicle speed, fluid levels, fluid temperatures, and some basic diagnostic information (warnings, panel lamps). Optional driver information systems add to this list by offering fuel to be very complex. Essentially, all that is required is a speedometer and a fuel gauge. The speedometer

  20. Radiation Belt Storm Probes Ion Composition Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    current produced the "bays" (decreases in the ground-level geomagnetic field) measured in magnetogram current" around Earth and its association with geomagnetic storms began in the early days of the twentieth Storm Probes (RBSP) spacecraft is the magnetosphere ring current instrument that will provide data

  1. Belt Vision Inspection System | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergy Christopher Smith,Commerce |Committee |Imperial CBelt

  2. CD-2: Orogenic Belt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable andBucoda,BurkeNebraska: EnergyByronTechnologiesCD-2: Orogenic

  3. Corn Belt Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa Valley Electric Coop

  4. SunBelt Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation, searchNewOpenSumpter,Sun CitySun

  5. asteroid belt analogs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using the it Spitzer Space Telescope. With accurate relative photometry using the Infrared Spectrometer (IRS) between 7-34 micron we are able to look for excesses as small...

  6. Modeling of the radiation belt megnetosphere in decisional timeframes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koller, Josef; Reeves, Geoffrey D; Friedel, Reiner H.W.

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for calculating L* in the magnetosphere with essentially the same accuracy as with a physics based model at many times the speed by developing a surrogate trained to be a surrogate for the physics-based model. The trained model can then beneficially process input data falling within the training range of the surrogate model. The surrogate model can be a feedforward neural network and the physics-based model can be the TSK03 model. Operatively, the surrogate model can use parameters on which the physics-based model was based, and/or spatial data for the location where L* is to be calculated. Surrogate models should be provided for each of a plurality of pitch angles. Accordingly, a surrogate model having a closed drift shell can be used from the plurality of models. The feedforward neural network can have a plurality of input-layer units, there being at least one input-layer unit for each physics-based model parameter, a plurality of hidden layer units and at least one output unit for the value of L*.

  7. african meningitis belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A. Conrad; S. K. Hartman; E. M. Johansson;...

  8. altay orogenic belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A. Conrad; S. K. Hartman; E. M. Johansson;...

  9. african middle belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A. Conrad; S. K. Hartman; E. M. Johansson;...

  10. active mountain belts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A. Conrad; S. K. Hartman; E. M. Johansson;...

  11. altitudinal vegetation belts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to possible differences in their origin. M. E. Brown; M. A. van Dam; A. H. Bouchez; D. Le Mignant; R. D. Campbell; J. C. Y. Chin; A. Conrad; S. K. Hartman; E. M. Johansson;...

  12. February 2002 Modelling The Conveyor Belt Circulation using MICOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadiga, Balasubramanya T. "Balu"

    ;Climatological SST, Zero flux over ice, Net heating of 17 W/m2 #12;Climatological SST, Zero flux over ice, Net

  13. andean metallogenic belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Isotopes in Water B R Y A N G . M A R K, The Ohio State University, 1036 Derby Hall, 154 North Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1361 Glaciers streams discharging from glacierized...

  14. artificial radiation belts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the solar wind. Using standard representations of the coronal field, we show that high-energy ions can be trapped stably in these large-scale closed fields. The drift shells that...

  15. Geology of eastern Smith Lake ore trend, Grants mineral belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ristorcelli, S.J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones in the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation (Jurassic) are the ore-bearing horizons of the eastern Smith Lake area. The Brushy Basin Member in this district consists of three sandstones with interbedded mudstones. Only the lower two sandstones contain ore. The sandstones are fine to coarse grained, well rounded, and arkosic, representing continental stream sediments. The lower sandstone contains rollfront ore. The redox interface is laterally extensive and well defined, extending at least 7 mi (11 km) west of the Bluewater fault zone. The ore generally occurs at the redox boundary but occasionally will be up to 1500 ft (450 m) updip. Limonitic alteration, where present, is downdip from the hematitic zone and is 100-1,500 ft (30 to 450 m) wide. The middle sandstone contains both trend ore and roll-front ore. The trend ore occurs downdip from the redox front in unoxidized ground. The redox front in the middle sand is also laterally extensive but displays a wedge shape, rather than a C shape. The clay assemblages of the two types of ore are different: the trend ore occurs in sands with the pore spaces filled with kaolinite; the roll-front ore is associated with altered illite-montmorillonite as grain coatings. Hematitic alteration is asociated with the latter. A second stage of kaolinite coats the illite-montmorillonite. Two periods of mineralization are suggested, but no absolute dates are known. The trend ore is the oldest (Jurassic) and is similar to the ore found in unoxidized ground elsewhere in the Grants region. The rollfront ore could be Laramide or post-Laramide because of its association with local Laramide structures.

  16. ailaoshan gold belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has a large-scale dipole character, which maps into the bipolar field in the solar wind. Using standard representations of the coronal field, we show that high-energy ions can...

  17. associations kaoko belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    giant planets; 2) planetary resonances; and 3) the Poynting-Robertson (P-R) and solar wind drags. A file consisting of 0.9times 106 particle positions has been computed to...

  18. Gravity interpretation of the northern Overthrust Belt, Idaho and Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Wendy Ilene

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provide a potential source of information about the configuration of the sedimentary rock / Precambrian basement interface as well as the geometry of the overlying younger rocks. GRAVITY DA. A Regional Gravity The regional gravity field of Wyoming..., Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous units. It may therefore be concluded that the uplifts of the Precambrian basement were fomed after the deposition of those overly1ng sedimentary rocks. ACKNOWLEDGEMEWTS I w1sh to thank Dr, R. R. Berg, chairman of my...

  19. asian orogenic belt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dominated by pink, radiation. Keywords: Fission track; Zircon; Exhumation; Radiation damage; New Zealand 1. Introduction One trace amounts of uranium and thorium that decay...

  20. Los Alamos provides HOPE for radiation belt storm probes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is YourAwardspublicexceeds wasteNew insightsplantsHOPE for

  1. Wheat Belt Public Power Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraphWellton-MohawkWesternwish OpenEI wouldWheat

  2. Mysterious electron stash found hidden among Van Allen belts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTIONES2008-54174MoreMuseum Day atMyNERSCVan Allen

  3. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low-Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J N

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  4. Measuring and Modeling Emissions from Extremely Low Emitting Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Collins, J F; Scora, G; Davis, N; Norbeck, J M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Model Odometer Chevrolet Malibu Honda Accord LX DodgeNeon Ford Focus Honda Accord LX Mazda Protégé Volkswagen3.2TL Buick Regal Ford Mustang Honda Civic Mitsubishi Galant

  5. 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid - vin 3539 Advanced Vehicle Testing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pack Capacity: 5.3 Ah Cooling: ActiveCabin Air Pack Weight: 96 lb BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 5,730 mi Date of...

  6. 2013 Chevrolet Volt - VIN 3929 - Advanced Vehicle Testing - Beginning...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Voltage 3 : 3.00 V Thermal Management: Active - Liquid cooled BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 4,007 mi Date of...

  7. Advanced Vehicle Testing - Beginning-of-Test Battery Testing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2.5 V Thermal Mgmt.: Passive, Vacuum-Sealed Unit Pack Weight: 294 kg BATTERY LABORATORY TEST RESULTS SUMMARY Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 6,696 mi Date of...

  8. Purpose Destination Date Parts Labor Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Report Previous Month Odometer Lub./ Fluid or Fuel Qty. Cost YearType Trip/Daily Ending Odometer Vehicle as necessary. $ $ $ Fuel/Fluid Type CNG=COMP.NAT.GAS DSL=DIESEL ELE=ELECTRICITY ETH=ETHANOL GAS=UNLEADEDGAS LPG=PROPANE MTH=METHANOL BDL=BIODIESEL Total Costs $ $ $ Fuel data entry must be per transaction A D D A D D #12;

  9. Area Without Integration: Make Your Own Planimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foote, Robert L.

    it displaces (it helps if the solid doesn't float). Many instruments are cleverly designed devices that convert type, not the digital ones) convert the volume of the liquid (this used to be mercury, but now · Speedometer · Protractor · Pitot tube -- measures speed of an airplane through the air · Volt meter · Bathroom

  10. JOB DESCRIPTION Title: Continuous Improvement Specialist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    or Six Sigma-based continuous improvement methods. Certification: Six Sigma Black Belt or Green Belt

  11. Optimal control techniques for reachable set computations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ;Safety by Driver Assistance Systems Passive safety systems: chassis, airbags, seat belts, seat belt

  12. The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, S. Alan

    . The ~400 kg spacecraft carries seven scientific instruments, including imagers, spectrometers, radio developed by NASA's Outer Planets Science Working Group (OPSWG, S.A. Stern chair) in 1992 and slightly in three categories, called Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3. This categorization was first developed by OPSWG

  13. Geology of a portion of the northern Kings Mountain belt, North Carolina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michie, Joanna

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by D. J. Milton, Sigma Xi, Grant-in-kid of Research, the Geological Survey Section of the North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development, and the Department of Geology, Texas A&M University. I am particularly grateful to D..., 1981b'I and Butler (1981). These have been described as zones of semi-brittle deformation which overprint the earlier D, and D phases. 1 The zones generally follow lithologic contacts and are marked by retrogressive metamorphi. sm to the green...

  14. ON-BELT ANALYSIS OF MINERALS USING NATURALLY OCCURRING GAMMA RADIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huynh, Du

    of coal. Gamma ray spectra are collected every 900 seconds from a BGO detector with 1024 channels linearly collected with a BGO (Bis- muth Germanate) gamma ray detector, which collects emis- sions from Potassium (K is used to estimate linear drift in the detector. Index Terms-- Gamma ray detector, Poisson process

  15. Mechanical characteristics of folds in Upper Cretaceous strata in the Disturbed Belt of northwestern Montana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Pat Kader

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -shape. The trough in S3 (see unit 23, Plate 2) is hi. ghly fractured in the sandstone and shows considerable flowage in the shale. From the air, it is readily apparent that these folds of the upper Two Medicine are much smaller in lateral extent along strike than... Formation (mostly shale), the Virgelle Sandstone, and the Two Medi. cine Formation (mostly shale), Montana Group, Upper Cretaceous. The Virgelle Sand- stone, about 54 meters thick, lies between the shales and behaved as the most competent member...

  16. Ionospheric electron content within the equatorial F2 layer anomaly belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastogi, R.G.; Klobuchar, J.A.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Reprint describes some new results on the day-to-day behavior of the equatorial anomaly in the columnar electron content. The measurements were made from a unique network of stations covering dip latitudes from 0 to 25 N during the period in 1975-1976 near sunspot minimum when the ATS 6 satellite was visible from India. The latitudinal distribution of the total electron content on a particular day was found to depend only on the strength of the electrojet current, as determined by the difference of the horizontal magnetic field at stations on the magnetic equator and another outside the equatorial electrojet, rather than on the horizontal magnetic field measured only at the equatorial station. During magnetically disturbed periods the presence or absence of the anomaly was also found to depend only upon the strength of the electrojet current. The varying electrojet current, that is, the equatorial electric field, is very effective in moving the ionization to the anomaly latitudes of 15-20, but the columnar electron content over the magnetic equator remains relatively constant.

  17. Ionospheric electron content within the equatorial F sub 2 layer anomaly belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastogi, R.G. (Indian Inst. of Geomagnetism, Bombay (India)); Klobuchar, J.A. (Air Force Geophysics Lab., Hanscom Air Force Base, MA (United States))

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes some new results on the day-to-day behavior of the location of the equatorial anomaly in the columnar electron content. The measurements were made from a unique network of stations covering dip latitudes from 0{degree}N to 25{degree}N during the period in 1975-1976 near sunspot minimum when the ATS 67 satellite was visible from India. The latitudinal distribution of the total electron content on a particular day was found to depend only on the strength of the electrojet current, as determined by the difference of the horizontal magnetic field at stations on the magnetic equator and another outside the equatorial electrojet, rather than on the horizontal magnetic field measured only at the equatorial station. During magnetically disturbed periods the presence or absence of the anomaly was also found to depend only upon the strength of the electrojet current. The varying electrojet current, that is, the equatorial electric field, is very effective in moving the ionization to the anomaly latitudes of 15{degree}-20{degree}, but the columnar electron content over the magnetic equator remains relatively constant.

  18. Nature or nurture of coplanar Tatooines: the aligned circumbinary Kuiper belt analogue around HD 131511

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Grant M.

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    . P., Hughes A. M., 2010, ApJ, 710, 462 Armstrong D. J., Osborn H. P., Brown D. J. A., Faedi F., Go´mez Maqueo Chew Y., Martin D. V., Pollacco D., Udry S., 2014, MNRAS, 444, 1873 Aumann H. H., 1985, PASP, 97, 885 Bate M. R., Bonnell I. A., Clarke C. J...

  19. Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 3265, 1998. The Global Response of Relativistic Radiation Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeves, Geoffrey D.

    -called "recirculation" model [Nishida, 1976]. Although the recirculation model was developed to explain energization-3 days after the passage of the solar wind disturbance and the initial injection of the seed population a coronal mass ejection (CME) produced a magnetic cloud that impacted the Earth's magnetosphere. The solar

  20. Comparison of energetic ions in cusp and outer radiation belt Jiasheng Chen and Theodore A. Fritz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of ionospheric and solar wind particles. The energetic ion intensity, charge composition, energy spectrum; rather, (2) a nonadiabatic energization process would be required to relate the cusp energetic ion [Chen et al., 1997; Chen and Fritz, 2000]. Owing to solar wind pressure, a geomagnetic field minimum

  1. Comet-like mineralogy of olivine crystals in an extrasolar proto-Kuiper belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, B L; Blommaert, J A D L; Waelkens, C; Waters, L B F M; Vandenbussche, B; Min, M; Olofsson, G; Dominik, C; Decin, L; Barlow, M J; Brandeker, A; Di Francesco, J; Glauser, A M; Greaves, J; Harvey, P M; Holland, W S; Ivison, R J; Liseau, R; Pantin, E E; Pilbratt, G L; Royer, P; Sibthorpe, B; 10.1038/nature11469

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some planetary systems harbour debris disks containing planetesimals such as asteroids and comets. Collisions between such bodies produce small dust particles, the spectral features of which reveal their composition and, hence, that of their parent bodies. A measurement of the composition of olivine crystals has been done for the protoplanetary disk HD100546 and for olivine crystals in the warm inner parts of planetary systems. The latter compares well with the iron-rich olivine in asteroids (x<0.29). In the cold outskirts of the Beta Pictoris system, an analogue to the young Solar System, olivine crystals were detected but their composition remained undetermined, leaving unknown how the composition of the bulk of Solar System cometary olivine grains compares with that of extrasolar comets. Here we report the detection of the 69-micrometre-wavelength band of olivine crystals in the spectrum of Beta Pictoris. Because the disk is optically thin, we can associate the crystals with an extrasolar proto-Kuiper b...

  2. Applications of an electrostatic high-voltage tether to radiation belt remediation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeineh, Christopher F

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computational algorithm is developed and executed to calculate the rate of depletion of magnetospheric ions by an electrostatic tether at various altitudes. This computation relies upon past studies in the OML regime of ...

  3. Structural analysis of the perdido fold belt: timing, evolution, and structural style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waller, Troy Dale, II

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    the upper portion consist of fine grained and muddy siliciclastics which are typical of turbidite and other typical deep water deposits. 2-D, prestacked, depth-migrated seismic data (TGS Phase 45) was interpreted in conjunction with Hess Corporation...

  4. Seismic signatures of the Lodgepole fractured reservoir in Utah-Wyoming overthrust belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parra, J.; Collier, H.; Angstman, B.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In low porosity, low permeability zones, natural fractures are the primary source of permeability which affect both production and injection of fluids. The open fractures do not contribute much to porosity, but they provide an increased drainage network to any porosity. An important approach to characterizing the fracture orientation and fracture permeability of reservoir formations is one based upon the effects of such conditions on the propagation of acoustic and seismic waves in the rock. We present the feasibility of using seismic measurement techniques to map the fracture zones between wells spaced 2400 ft at depths of about 1000 ft. For this purpose we constructed computer models (which include azimuthal anisotropy) using Lodgepole reservoir parameters to predict seismic signatures recorded at the borehole scale, crosswell scale, and 3 D seismic scale. We have integrated well logs with existing 2D surfaces seismic to produce petrophysical and geological cross sections to determine the reservoir parameters and geometry for the computer models. In particular, the model responses are used to evaluate if surface seismic and crosswell seismic measurements can capture the anisotropy due to vertical fractures. Preliminary results suggested that seismic waves transmitted between two wells will propagate in carbonate fracture reservoirs, and the signal can be received above the noise level at the distance of 2400 ft. In addition, the large velocities contrast between the main fracture zone and the underlying unfractured Boundary Ridge Member, suggested that borehole reflection imaging may be appropriate to map and fracture zone thickness variation and fracture distributions in the reservoir.

  5. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Precipitating radiation belt electrons and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    , Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland 2 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute Sounder (MLS/Aura) and Medium Energy Proton and Electron Detector (MEPED/POES) between 2004­2009, we study are influenced much less. Because the time period 2004­2009 analysed here coincided with an extended solar min

  6. Predicting stress distributions in fold-and-thrust belts and accretionary wedges by optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    element method (EEM) provides the stress distribution in geometrical models of folds, relevant to fold for discontinuities. The example chosen to illustrate the potential of the EEM and to validate our implementation is the thrusting of a rectangular sheet over a flat and weak de´collement. The EEM reproduces the solution proposed

  7. Morphotectonics of the central Muertos thrust belt and Muertos Trough (northeastern Caribbean)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.

    of the ongoing east­west differential motion between the Hispaniola and the Puerto Rico­Virgin Islands blocks on the north slope of the islands of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (e.g., Larue and Ryan, 1998; Dolan et al., 1998

  8. FIRE RELATED RULES STATUTES AND LAWS Brandon Belt, Coryell County Attorney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -3180; brandonbelt@aol.com December 16, 2011 GENERAL BURNING RULES AND REGULATIONS Chapter 382, Health and Safety;3 REGULATION OF OUTDOOR BURNING: (BURN BAN) §352.081 Local Government Code Gives Comm. Ct. authority to pipeline, or mining operations (T.A.C. §111.215, Prior approval of TCEQ req'd), or Planting or harvesting

  9. Evolution and dynamics of a fold-thrust belt: the Sulaiman Range of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Kirsty; Copley, Alex; Hussain, Ekbal

    2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    earthquakes (Szeliga et al. 2009) (solid yellow circles on Fig. 3a). The mechanism of the 1931 Sharigh event is not known (Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979). Remeasurement of a levelling line, together with structural interpretation of seismic reflection data suggests... that the seismic deformation in the range is concentrated in the thick pile of sediments overlying the underthrusting lithosphere of the Indian subcontinent. The slip vectors of the earthquakes vary in strike around the margin of the range, in tandem with the shape...

  10. THE LUMINOSITIES OF PROTOSTARS IN THE SPITZER c2d AND GOULD BELT LEGACY CLOUDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunham, Michael M.; Arce, Hector G. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Allen, Lori E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ (United States); Evans II, Neal J.; Harvey, Paul M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Stop C1400, Austin, TX 78712-1205 (United States); Broekhoven-Fiene, Hannah; Matthews, Brenda C. [Herzberg Institute, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 W. Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Chapman, Nicholas L. [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), Department of Physics and Astronomy, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Cieza, Lucas A. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Gutermuth, Robert A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Hatchell, Jennifer [Astrophysics Group, Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QL (United Kingdom); Huard, Tracy L.; Miller, Jennifer F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Kirk, Jason M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Merin, Bruno [Herschel Science Centre, ESAC-ESA, P.O. Box 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Peterson, Dawn E. [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States); Spezzi, Loredana, E-mail: michael.dunham@yale.edu [European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the long-standing 'luminosity problem' in low-mass star formation whereby protostars are underluminous compared to theoretical expectations, we identify 230 protostars in 18 molecular clouds observed by two Spitzer Space Telescope Legacy surveys of nearby star-forming regions. We compile complete spectral energy distributions, calculate L{sub bol} for each source, and study the protostellar luminosity distribution. This distribution extends over three orders of magnitude, from 0.01 L{sub Sun} to 69 L{sub Sun }, and has a mean and median of 4.3 L{sub Sun} and 1.3 L{sub Sun }, respectively. The distributions are very similar for Class 0 and Class I sources except for an excess of low luminosity (L{sub bol} {approx}< 0.5 L{sub Sun }) Class I sources compared to Class 0. 100 out of the 230 protostars (43%) lack any available data in the far-infrared and submillimeter (70 {mu}m <{lambda} < 850 {mu}m) and have L{sub bol} underestimated by factors of 2.5 on average, and up to factors of 8-10 in extreme cases. Correcting these underestimates for each source individually once additional data becomes available will likely increase both the mean and median of the sample by 35%-40%. We discuss and compare our results to several recent theoretical studies of protostellar luminosities and show that our new results do not invalidate the conclusions of any of these studies. As these studies demonstrate that there is more than one plausible accretion scenario that can match observations, future attention is clearly needed. The better statistics provided by our increased data set should aid such future work.

  11. Monday, 14 July, 2008 Radiation belt electron precipitation by manmade VLF transmissions1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    -like enhancements produced by the transmitter NPM, despite its low-latitude location and30 relatively high output-generated wisps and the lack of NPM-generated wisps.33 1. Introduction34 The behavior of high energy electrons

  12. THE OCEAN CONVEYOR BELT (Part 1) Stephen Riser, University of Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riser, Stephen C.

    ky) · storage of heat (cold) · sequestration of carbon · climate impacts? #12;#12;Aleutian Islands driven by Ekman pumping or Ekman suction. P E � > 0 0�

  13. Abstract.-Submersible belt-tran-sect surveys along a rocky bottom were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Johnson Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621, Portland. Oregon 97208 William H. Barss Oregon

  14. Satellite observations of mesoscale ocean features and copropagating atmospheric surface fields in the tropical belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Satellite observations of mesoscale ocean features and copropagating atmospheric surface fields speed and sea surface temperature (SST) over mesoscale ocean features in certain frontal regions. The aim of this study is to determine to what extent mesoscale ocean dynamics modifies the surface wind

  15. Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Regenerating brownfield land to woodland. · Extending woodland cover to support the aims of the England investment. · Secured the regeneration of 186 ha of brownfield land and is on target to regenerate a total for leisure and recreation." HM Government's Sustainable Communities Plan · Securing derelict brownfield sites

  16. On the dust environment of Main-Belt Comet 313P/Gibbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pozuelos, F J; Licandro, J; Moreno, F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations carried out using the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias and an interpretative model of the dust environment of activated asteroid 313P/Gibbs. We discuss three different models relating to different values of the dust parameters, i.e, dust loss rate, maximum and minimum sizes of particles, power index of the size distribution, and emission pattern. The best model corresponds with an isotropic emission of particles which started on August 1st. The size of grains were in the range of $0.1-2000$ $\\mu$m, with velocities for 100 $\\mu$m particles between $0.4-1.9$ m$~$s$^{-1}$, with a dust production rate in the range of $0.2-0.8$ kg$~$s$^{-1}$. The dust tails' brightness and morphology are best interpreted in terms of a model of sustained and low dust emission driven by water-ice sublimation, spanning since 2014 August 1st, and triggered by a short impulsive event. This event produced an emission of small particles of about 0.1 $\\mu$m with velocities of $\\sim$4 m$~$s$^{-1}$. From our model we ...

  17. Power line damage, electrical outages, reduced in the {open_quotes}sleet belt{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Companies that depend on reliable supplies of electricity, as well as electrical utilities, need to defend against weather-related damage and power outages. Weather-related damage claims in the U.S. totaled $16 billion during the ten-year span from 1980 through 1989 and have already reached $48 billion in the first five years of this decade, evidence that climate change could be causing more severe storms. This makes technology that minimizes weather damage all the more welcome. Ice and snow build-up on high-voltage electric power lines in a moderate to high winds causes high-amplitude low-frequency mechanical vibrations, called galloping. When power lines react aero-elastically to these conditions, undamped vibration tears apart transmission towers and fittings or propels lines into each other, shorting out large circuits. Besides causing costly electric system outages and structural damage, this dramatic phenomenon steals power through higher electricity line losses that occur when other conductors have to carry more power to compensate for a tripped or damaged line. In a 1981 survey, 17 of 38 utilities reported that galloping was a moderate to severe problem, and 11 reported that they had a galloping event at least once a year. Fifty-seven percent of the incidents included flashover, and 60% included structural damage.

  18. Late Cretaceous extension in the hinterland of the Sevier thrust belt,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development JumpLars EnviroLatah County,

  19. An experimental investigation of microalgal dewatering efficiency of a belt filter system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandip, Anjali

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of algae and nutrient removal in a waste heat utilization process. J. Appl. Phycol., 3, 159-167. Williams, P.J.l.B., Laurens, L.M. 2010. Microalgae as biodiesel & biomass feedstocks: Review & analysis of the biochemistry, energetics & economics. Energy...

  20. GR Focus Review Chemical sedimentary protoliths in the >3.75 Ga Nuvvuagittuq Supracrustal Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    .O. Konhauser a a Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, 1-26 Earth Sciences Building, UniversityBois, Bât. Géode 3e, Villeurbanne, France d Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Boston College­Fe­Mg silicate rocks. The NSB rocks provide a rare glimpse of trace metal availability in Eoarchean (ca. 3800 Ma

  1. Geochemical Evidence for Slab Melting in theTrans-MexicanVolcanic Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langmuir, Charles H.

    and heavy rare earth concentrations and Nb/Ta ratios with increasing SiO2 contents in theVBZ rocks is best OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, HARVARD UNIVERSITY, CAMBRIDGE, MA 02138, USA 3 LAMONT^DOHERTY EARTH OBSERVATORY AND DEPARTMENT OF EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, 61 RT. 9W, PALISADES, NY

  2. From: Hope Albright To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: Block Grain Belt

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2 DOEScienceNIETCMunsonNewacheck6:21From:Hope

  3. From: Kathy Mikels To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: STOP CLEAN LINE, BLOCK GRAIN BELT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2Jessi O"Bannon To: CongestionJustinKathy

  4. Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005) | Open Energy(Blackwell, Et Al.,EnergyGeothermal

  5. The radial-velocity revolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, R. (Cambridge Univ., Observatories (England))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Instruments and techniques designed for registering the minute Doppler shifts arising from stellar radial velocity are examined. Particular attention is given to the photographic spectrographs, the high-dispersion spectrographs ('digital speedometers'), and the Palomar spectrometer. The principle of using radial-velocity masks is described, and the use of interferometers for radial-velocity measurements is discussed. Results are presented of radial velocity observations for HD 114762, HD 210647, and Epsilon Tauri, together with interpretations of these results.

  6. Notes for STA 250, Radford M. Neal, 2000 How Well Can We Predict?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Radford M.

    was on ­1000 0 500 1500 Residual Motorized_belts d&p_airbags d_airbag manual_belts passive_belts Type

  7. Whether you want to improve your career, life or community, find what you're searching for at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Evaluation Certification Labor Relations Lean Six Sigma Yellow Belt Management Competencies Master Trainer Excellence Six Sigma Black Belt for Services and Transactions Six Sigma Green Belt for Services Electrical Engineering Plastics Technology Six Sigma Black Belt Training Water Technology GOv

  8. Electron Acceleration and Loss in the Earth'sElectron Acceleration and Loss in the Earth's Radiation Belts: The Contribution of WaveRadiation Belts: The Contribution of Wave--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Anthony Arthur

    Darkening of glassy surfaces ·· Solar cell degradationSolar cell degradation ·· Thermal control degradation be attributed clearly to Space WeatherWeather #12;Cost EstimatesCost Estimates ·· Modern telecommunications

  9. Sedimentation and basin-fill history of the Neogene clastic succession exposed in the southeastern fold belt of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    and exploitation strategy for hydrocarbon plays that may prove vital to the oil companies engaged in exploration of reference for tide-dominated regressive shelf depositional systems. The top of the composite sequence B

  10. The Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 Test of Surfaces in the Outer Solar System: Spectral Variation on Kuiper Belt Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraser, Wesley C; Glass, Florian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we present additional photometry of targets observed as part of the Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 Test of Surfaces in the Outer Solar System. 12 targets were re-observed with the Wide Field Camera 3 in optical and NIR wavebands designed to compliment those used during the first visit. Additionally, all observations originally presented by Fraser and Brown (2012) were reanalyzed through the same updated photometry pipeline. A reanalysis of the optical and NIR colour distribution reveals a bifurcated optical colour distribution and only two identifiable spectral classes, each of which occupies a broad range of colours and have correlated optical and NIR colours, in agreement with our previous findings. We report the detection of significant spectral variations on 5 targets which cannot be attributed to photometry errors, cosmic rays, point spread function or sensitivity variations, or other image artifacts capable of explaining the magnitude of the variation. The spectrally variable objects are found to have ...

  11. Locating the planetesimals belts in the multiple-planet systems HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943 and HR 8799

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moro-Martin, Amaya; Bryden, Geoffrey; Rieke, George H; Su, Kate Y L; Beichman, Charles A; Lawler, Samantha M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to the Sun, six other stars are known to harbor multiple planets and debris disks: HD 69830, HD 38529, HD 128311, HD 202206, HD 82943 and HR 8799. In this paper we set constraints on the location of the dust-producing planetesimals around the latter four systems. We use a radiative transfer model to analyze the spectral energy distributions of the dust disks (including two new Spitzer IRS spectra presented in this paper), and a dynamical model to assess the long-term stability of the planetesimals' orbits. As members of a small group of stars that show evidence of harboring a multiple planets and planetesimals, their study can help us learn about the diversity of planetary systems.

  12. THE EFFECT OF IN SITU ALTERATION ON GOLD COMPOSITION AT NYARKAGWE, SUKUMALAND GREENSTONE BELT, NW-TANZANIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to mineraiogical reactions and a change of temperature (initially high and later continuously de creasing of water incorporated In hydrous minerals due to the reaction of hot saline brines with country rock of deposition). Shear zones and quartz veins acted as chimneys for heat release due to hot fluid transfer

  13. Steady-State Impurity Control, Heat Removal and Tritium Recovery by Moving-Belt Plasma-Facing Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tillack, Mark

    erosion may increase due to the reduced redeposition efficiency of radiation-cooled plasmas and also due in DIII-D was achieved by combined helium glow discharge and boronization [4]. Recently, lithium wall To review innovative PFC concepts, in 1974 the liquid lithium divertor was proposed in the UWMAK-I reactor

  14. Composition of Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (214869) 2007 PA8: An H Chondrite from the Outer Asteroid Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Juan A; Dykhuis, Melissa; Lindsay, Sean; Corre, Lucille Le

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Potentially hazardous asteroids (PHAs) represent a unique opportunity for physical characterization during their close approaches to Earth. The proximity of these asteroids makes them accessible for sample-return and manned missions, but could also represent a risk for life on Earth in the event of collision. Therefore, a detailed mineralogical analysis is a key component in planning future exploration missions and developing appropriate mitigation strategies. In this study we present near-infrared spectra (0.7-2.55 microns) of PHA (214869) 2007 PA8 obtained with the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility during its close approach to Earth on November 2012. The mineralogical analysis of this asteroid revealed a surface composition consistent with H ordinary chondrites. In particular, we found that the olivine and pyroxene chemistries of 2007 PA8 are Fa18(Fo82) and Fs16, respectively. The olivine-pyroxene abundance ratio was estimated to be 47%. This low olivine abundance and the measured band parameters, close to t...

  15. THE SPITZER SURVEY OF INTERSTELLAR CLOUDS IN THE GOULD BELT. III. A MULTI-WAVELENGTH VIEW OF CORONA AUSTRALIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Dawn E.; Bourke, Tyler L.; Forbrich, Jan; Patten, Brian M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Caratti o Garatti, Alessio [Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Gutermuth, Robert A. [Five College Astronomy Department, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063 (United States); Joergensen, Jes K. [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, DK-1350 Copenhagen K. (Denmark); Allen, Lori E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Dunham, Michael M.; Harvey, Paul M.; Evans, Neal J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); MerIn, Bruno [Herschel Science Centre, European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA), 28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Chapman, Nicholas L. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Cieza, Lucas A. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Huard, Tracy L.; Knez, Claudia; Prager, Brian, E-mail: dpeterson@cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Spitzer Space Telescope IRAC and MIPS observations of a 0.85 deg{sup 2} field including the Corona Australis (CrA) star-forming region. At a distance of 130 pc, CrA is one of the closest regions known to be actively forming stars, particularly within its embedded association, the Coronet. Using the Spitzer data, we identify 51 young stellar objects (YSOs) in CrA which include sources in the well-studied Coronet cluster as well as sources distributed throughout the molecular cloud. Twelve of the YSOs discussed are new candidates, one of which is located in the Coronet. Known YSOs retrieved from the literature are also added to the list, and a total of 116 candidate YSOs in CrA are compiled. Based on these YSO candidates, the star formation rate is computed to be 12 M{sub sun} Myr{sup -1}, similar to that of the Lupus clouds. A clustering analysis was also performed, finding that the main cluster core, consisting of 68 members, is elongated (having an aspect ratio of 2.36), with a circular radius of 0.59 pc and mean surface density of 150 pc{sup -2}. In addition, we analyze outflows and jets in CrA by means of new CO and H{sub 2} data. We present 1.3 mm interferometric continuum observations made with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) covering R CrA, IRS 5, IRS 7, and IRAS 18595-3712 (IRAS 32). We also present multi-epoch H{sub 2} maps and detect jets and outflows, study their proper motions, and identify exciting sources. The Spitzer and ISAAC/VLT observations of IRAS 32 show a bipolar precessing jet, which drives a CO(2-1) outflow detected in the SMA observations. There is also clear evidence for a parsec-scale precessing outflow, which is east-west oriented and originates in the SMA 2 region and likely driven by SMA 2 or IRS 7A.

  16. An evaluation of a weight-lifting belt and back injury prevention training class for fleet service clerks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddell, Cheryl Renee?

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or sneeze. If you are seated and cannot stand. lean back in your chair. Always avoid leaning forward at the waist. RECURRENCE: The next time you feel the warning signs of impending back pain: Use the first aid techniques ? ice massage, anti..., or leg pain, see your doctor and follow his advice. 40 FIRST AID- A-I-M- ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES, ICE MASSAGE, MOVEMENT ANTI-INFLAMMATORIESt Aspirin or ibuprofen will decrease the inflammation present in the nerves. You might try taking 3 aspirin...

  17. A Pacific Moisture Conveyor Belt and Its Relationship to a Significant Precipitation Event in the Semiarid Southwestern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Justin

    with the University of Wisconsin- Nonhydrostatic Modeling System, as well as analysis data, surface observations with different influence factors can be distinguished. 1) Close to the COL center, moist tropical air is overrun extraordinary cool season precipitation events in western North America to bands of enhanced moisture transport

  18. Wednesday, 06 October, 2010 Contrasting the efficiency of radiation belt losses caused by ducted and non-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    -ducted transmissions originating from NPM34 generated electron flux enhancements. While the waves originating from that the enhancements from NPM are at least 50 times smaller than those from NWC. This37 suggests that lower latitude

  19. The sedimentological and geotechnical characteristics of the lower continental slope and rise of the Mississippi Fan fold belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramazanova, Rahila

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is based on geological and geotechnical laboratory testing data of 70 three inch diameter piston cores. Concentration is along the Sigsbee Escarpment in a grid area between 90? and 91?W and 26.7? and 27.3?N. Water depth ranges from 1...

  20. Mid-Cretaceousto Tertiary ThermotectonicHistory of Former Mid-CrustalRocks, Southern Omineca Belt, Canadian Cordillera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Dan

    , Ontario, Canada October, 1993 copyright 01993, Robert John Scarnmell #12;ABSTRACT Geological research of a system of large-scalenormal faults. It comprisesa polydeforrned sillimanite to have followed a composite cooling path which has four stages. (1)Initial rapid cooling (-20 "C

  1. Graduate and Professional Programs (GAPP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    Hospital Association, Lean and Six Sigma for Southern California Edison, Business Acumen Series: Aviation Security, Lean Six Sigma White Belt, Six Sigma Green Belt (7 Sessions), Six Sigma Black Belt (3

  2. The nature of transition from adakitic to non-adakitic magmatism in a slab window setting: A synthesis from the eastern Pontides, NE Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyuboglu, Yener

    The eastern Pontides orogenic belt provides a window into continental arc magmatism in the Alpine–Himalayan belt. The late Mesozoic–Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of this belt remains controversial. Here we focus on the ...

  3. Conditions during syntectonic vein formation in the footwall of the Absaroka thrust fault of the Idaho-Wyoming-Utah fold and thrust belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambert, George Randall

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the calcite strain gauge technique of Groshong (1972, 1974). 14 Scatter plot of all measured homogenization (Th) and melting temperature (Tm) pairs. . 30 15 P-T diagram used to calculate inclusion entrapment temperatures. . . . . . 31 16 The equilibrium... types of equations of state for the chemical system under scrutiny. Variables associated with a typical equation of state include the measured Th, the measured Tm and a computed fluid density. The microcomputer program FLINCOR (Brown, 1989) was used...

  4. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dong from the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy ofmethods at the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of

  5. To be published in Earth, Moon, and Planets from the Proceedings of the First Decadal Review of the Edgeworth-Kuiper-Belt -Towards New Frontiers, European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    To be published in Earth, Moon, and Planets from the Proceedings of the First Decadal Review CLOUD OBJECTS AT PLASMA TO COSMIC RAY ENERGY JOHN F. COOPER Raytheon Technical Services Company, SSDOO present model flux spectra derived from spacecraft data and models for eV to GeV protons at 40 AU

  6. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    characterization of the Gangcha complex in the West Qinling terrane, central China: Journal of the Geological

  7. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continental deformation: Geology, Burchfiel, B.C. , Zhang,by lower crustal flow: Geology, 28: 703-706. Cowgill, E. ,in north Qilian: Gansu Geology, 20: 40-44 (in Chinese with

  8. The Diversity of Meningococcal Carriage Across the African Meningitis Belt and the Impact of Vaccination With a Group A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The MenAfriCar consortium

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    are as follows: Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Oumer Ali, Abraham Aseffa (principal investigator [PI]), Ahmed Bedru, Tsehaynesh Lema, Tesfaye Moti, Yenenesh Tekletsion, Alemayehu Worku, Haimanot Guebre Xabher (deceased), and Lawrence... (Amit Bhasin, Elizabeth Huntley, Karen Williams, Karen Slater, and Lyanne Wylde), for their strong logistic support of the work of the con- sortium across Africa; and the national health and local authorities of each participating country, for their full...

  9. Solid bitumen at Atigun Gorge, central Brooks Range front: Implications for oil exploration in the North Slope fold and thrust belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, D.G.; Johnsson, M.J.; Bird, K.J. (U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atigun Gorge area of the north-central Brooks range is a structurally complex region in which a sequence of north-verging duplex structures involving Paleozoic and Mesozoic Ellesmerian continental margin deposits are structurally overlain by a south-verging thrust of Brookian foreland basin deposits of Albian age. The resulting structural triangle zone is marked by numerous small-scale thrusts involving Permian and Triassic strata in which solid bitumen, occupying fissures up to 10 cm wide and several meters in length, has been found. The presence of aromatics in the odorless, black material was confirmed by ultraviolet fluorescence following extraction in dichloromethane. The occurrence of solid bitumen at Atigun Gorge adds to a growing inventory of hydrocarbon-filled fractures found mostly in Cretaceous rocks in the Brooks Range foothills. These occurrences are consistent with a model of hydrocarbon generation beneath the northern margin of the Brooks Range. The regional distribution of vitrinite reflectance isograds suggests that the northern margin of the Brooks Range and the adjoining foreland basin deposits of the North Slope have experienced similar thermal histories. The 0.6% vitrinite reflectance isograd intersects the land surface along the southern margin of the foreland and the 2.0% isograd lies within the northern part of the range. Although these relations suggest the possibility of petroleum resources at shallow depths beneath the Brooks Range foothills, they also indicate that a considerable amount of differential uplift has occurred, probably resulting in redistribution and some leakage of any oil and gas accumulations.

  10. Source and tectono-metamorphic evolution of mafic and pelitic metasedimentary rocks from the central Quetico metasedimentary belt, Archean Superior Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Source and tectono-metamorphic evolution of mafic and pelitic metasedimentary rocks from, was conducted in order to evaluate the origin, source and evolution of sedimentary rocks, including mafic rocks previously mapped as ultramafics rocks. Bulk chemical compositions of these rocks show a mixing with two end

  11. Differential Virulence of Clinical and Bovine-Biased Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Genotypes in Piglet and Dutch Belted Rabbit Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Alexis

    Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC O157) is an important cause of food and waterborne illness in the developed countries. Cattle are a reservoir host of EHEC O157 and a major source of human exposure through ...

  12. Micromachined Inertial Sensors State of the Art and a Look into the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Michael

    exists, mainly in the automotive industry for safety systems such as airbag release, seat belts control

  13. CTS Annual Transportation Research Conference April 28, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    ­ Understanding the Problem Minnesota 2007 SHSP! Critical Emphasis Areas (CEAs)! 1.! Seat belt use/airbag

  14. Deep in the Heart of Dixie: Pre-Alleghanian Eclogite and HP Granulite Metamorphism in the Carolina Terrane,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shervais, John W.

    greenschist facies metavolcanic rocks of the Carolina slate belt (to the SE) and amphibolite facies postdate formation of the Charlotte belt and Slate belt arcs (620 to 550 Ma). Comparison with other medium terrane (Carolina Slate belt) formed separate terranes. The collisional event represented by these high

  15. Security Framework for Correct and Secure Positioning in V2X Communication Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weske, Mathias

    . Different law prescriptions such as safety-belt laws, antiblocking brake systems (ABS), airbags, and other

  16. Abstract--Road intersections represent one of the most complex configurations encountered when traversing road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    designed to protect vehicle occupants. Passive systems include safety belts, air-bags, etc. they function

  17. STORMREADY! Winter weather at Appalachian usually includes snow, ice, freezing rain, and sleet from November through April. Those that have spent several years in the Boone area understand how quickly the weather can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Annkatrin

    and signals. Inspect: Check your vehicle's tires, wiper blades, fluids, lights, belts and hoses. Time: Allow

  18. Linear tractor dry coal extrusion pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sprouse, Kenneth M.; Matthews, David R.

    2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A pump for transporting particulate material includes an inlet, an outlet, a passageway, a first and second load beam, a first and second scraper seal, and a first and second drive assembly. The inlet introduces the particulate material into the passageway and the outlet expels the particulate material from the passageway. The passageway is defined by a first belt assembly and a second belt assembly that are opposed to each other. The first and second load beams are positioned within the first belt assembly and the second belt assembly, respectively. The first scraper seal and a second scraper seal are positioned proximate the passageway and the outlet. The first drive assembly is positioned within an interior section of the first belt assembly and drives the first belt assembly and the second drive assembly is positioned within an interior section of the second belt assembly and drives the second belt assembly.

  19. Descriptions of Motor Vehicle Collisions by Participants in Emergency Department–Based Studies: Are They Accurate?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limit, seat belt use, airbag deployment, vehicle damage,for seat belt use, 94% for airbag deployment, 96% for speedroad condition, 0.87 for airbag deployment, 0.90 for vehicle

  20. Linear tractor dry coal extrusion pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sprouse, Kenneth M. (Northridge, CA); Matthews, David R. (Simi Valley, CA)

    2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A pump for transporting particulate material includes an inlet, an outlet, a passageway, a first and second load beam, a first and second scraper seal, and a first and second drive assembly. The inlet introduces the particulate material into the passageway and the outlet expels the particulate material from the passageway. The passageway is defined by a first belt assembly and a second belt assembly that are opposed to each other. The first and second load beams are positioned within the first belt assembly and the second belt assembly, respectively. The first scraper seal and a second scraper seal are positioned proximate the passageway and the outlet. The first drive assembly is positioned within an interior section of the first belt assembly and drives the first belt assembly and the second drive assembly is positioned within an interior section of the second belt assembly and drives the second belt assembly.

  1. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 120 (2009) Printed 19 October 2009 (MN LATEX style file v2.2) The JCMT Legacy Survey of the Gould Belt: a first look at Orion B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Glenn J.

    Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Rd, Victoria, BC, V9E 2E7 12Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Rd., Victoria, BC, Canada 13Scottish Universities Physics Alliance´tor 50, 18008 Granada, Spain Accepted 2009 August 27. Received 2009 August 3; in original form 2009 July

  2. CLIENT The Nature Conservancy. Mike Laspia. Cynthia Belt TEAM G. Arnold, S. Coulter, L. Cheng, F. Dieye, R. Futrell, A. Guerrero, S. Jiang, J. Louie, E. Quigley. R. Schwarz, M. Shurtleff, M. Weiss ADVISOR Susanne DesRoches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    thermal hot water generation 38. Tidal power energy 39. Woody biomass +10 SUB-OPPORTUNITIES 5 7 11 8 9 6 Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy REDUCE IMPACT ON BUILDING OPERATIONS AT MASHOMACK PRESERVE 6 #12. Small wind turbines 35. Wind and solar-powered outdoor lighting 36. Solar electric energy 37. Solar

  3. Attal, M., and Lav, 2006, Changes of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along fluvial networks, and denudation in active orogenic belts, in W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (central Nepal): Implications for understanding hillslope sediment supply, sediment load evolution along of bedload characteristics along the Marsyandi River (central Nepal): Implications for understanding (Himalayas of central Nepal), and also in sediment source material from hillslopes (landslides, moraines

  4. THE INFLUENCE OF THE DISTANCE FUNCTION IN SOME SINGULAR ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radulescu, Vicentiu

    , in transport of coal slurries down conveyor belts and in several other geophysical and industrial contents (see

  5. Posted 6.1.12 Job details -Baxter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    processes & controls, ERP systems such as JD Edwards and Lean Six Sigma. 4) PMP, Six Sigma belt or APICS

  6. Geophys. J. Int. (2009) 178, 729741 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04158.x GJISeismology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Darling Mobile Belt or Pinjarra Orogen into the interior of East Antarctica. Key words: Mantle processes

  7. Need for Injury Prevention Education In Medical School Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshii, Isaac; Sayegh, Rockan; Lotfipour, Shahram; Vaca, Federico E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    moist; no seatbelt but airbag deployed; left pupil blown,road-side seat belts, airbag, inte- hazards rior surface

  8. 70 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 10, NO. 1, MARCH 2009 Critical Motion Detection of Nearby Moving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucci, Michele

    ) active. Passive approaches (e.g., seat belts and airbags) are intended to reduce the degree of injury

  9. IEEE Communications Magazine April 2005100 0163-6804/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE TOPICS IN EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuanzhu Peter

    technologies to survive crashes (e.g., seat belts, airbags) are cru- cial, there is need for active safety

  10. Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Catherine E.

    · Viewable by ACIS when HRC-S is at the HRMA focus · Observed on ingress and egress from radiation belts

  11. ACIS Memo #162 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    apogee to well into the radiation belts. The ACIS door was open and the aft HRMA cover was closed, so

  12. Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Catherine E.

    . Viewable by ACIS when HRC­S is at the HRMA focus . Observed on ingress and egress from radiation belts

  13. TERSat: Trapped Energetic Radiation Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Emily B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation damage caused by interactions with high-energy particles in the Van Allen Radiation Belts is a leading

  14. Catalog for Future Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    for Human Resource Professionals 12 Breakfast Briefing with Your Training Partner 16 Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Training and Certification 23 Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt 27 Motivating Employees 30 Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Training and Certification October 3 Crash the Barriers: Build Your Team 8

  15. Graduate and Professional Programs (GAPP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    · Open Enrollment Short Courses ­ Short courses supported by DEN: Aviation Security, Lean Six Sigma White Belt, Six Sigma Green Belt (7 Sessions), Six Sigma Black Belt (3 Sessions), Patient Safety Management Rocket Engines for Boeing, Lean Process Improvement for the California Hospital Association, Lean and Six

  16. EducationandBusiness extension.uci.edu/sixsigma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    EducationandBusiness extension.uci.edu/sixsigma Six Sigma Lean Green and Black Belt Programs #12 of excellence. #12;Six Sigma Lean Green and Black Belt Programs Improve Performance. Eliminate Redundancies with UC Irvine Extension's Six Sigma Lean Green and Black Belt Training Programs. Our programs have

  17. Intern experience at Packages Limited: an internship report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafkey, Refaat

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................. 13 Design of a Steam Jacketed Vessel ....................................................................... 30 Design of a Belt Conveyor for Handling Wheatstraw ..................................... 39 Pneumatic Conveying of Wheatstraw..........................................................................................................32 12 A Layout Showing Position of Belt Conveyors and Digestors............................. 41 13 Engineering Drawing of the Main Belt Conveyor.....................................................42 14 Pneumatic Paper Trim Handling System...

  18. Dissepimental rugose corals of Upper Pennsylvanian (Missourian) rocks of Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocke, J. M.

    1970-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    limestone and shale for- mations. Each limestone formation is divided into 1) a normal facies belt of thin limestones generally containing abundant invertebrates and few phylloid algae, and 2) at least one phylloid algal mound complex belt which... corals belonging to Dibunophyllum, Neokoninckophyllum, Caninia, and Geyerophyllum are described from both carbonate facies belts but not from thick shale formations. Family Aulophyllidae is represented by 17 species of Dibunophyllum and Neokoninckophyllum...

  19. Deformation of layered rocks in the ramp regions of thrust faults: a study with rock models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chester, Judith Savaso

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and thrust belts for example, thrust faults commonly occur along specific stratigraphic horizons, and folding and faulting within thrust sheets often involves slip along bedding planes (e. g. , Rich, 1934; Douglas, 1950; Dahl str om, 1970; Price, 1981...). With the regional framework of many fold and thrust belts well estab- lished, the current emphasis of many studies has turned to defining the geometries, kinematics, and deformation mechanisms of individual thrust belt structures, and the intrinsic and extrinsic...

  20. MASe UCRL-15037 CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSIONS: THEORY AND...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    transmission when operating in the power recirculation mode 20 Simple manual system to control the speed ratio of a variable V-belt continuously variable transmission 21 Schematic...

  1. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    truck, conveyor belts, and coal slurry pipelines (17).Coal slurry pipelines transport coal over long distances andto-one ratio to create a coal slurry transportable through

  2. Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    alignments Clean intake strainer r. ::. ~. ::-=~ =. ::=oil leaks; check oil line strainers and replace dirty ones;the system, clogs in the strainer, proper belt alignment and

  3. Apatite in early Archean Isua supracrustal rocks, southern West Greenland: its origin, association with graphite and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arrhenius, Gustaf

    ), metacherts, metacarbonates and mafic dykes in the Isua supracrustal belt (ISB) have been determined by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The results together with petrographic observations

  4. Data:97a106ca-844f-4382-a80a-9cb7d2ace1b2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 20130101 End date if known: Rate name: TRANMISSION HEAVY...

  5. Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belt lithosphere is rheologically weak. However, we show that linear gradients in viscosity and gravitational potential energy can also effectively concentrate deformation. In...

  6. Catalogue of Planetary Objects. Version 2006.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. V. Zakhozhay; V. A. Zakhozhay; Yu. N. Krugly

    2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis of the density and brightness of big planets satellites, main asteroid belt objects, Kuiper belt objects and centaurs has been carried out as well as the analysis of suspected unseen satellites of the stars. According to the date on the first of January 2006 the catalogue of planetary objects has been compiled.

  7. Center for Lifelong Engineering Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Coordinator laurynfeil@utexas.edu UT's Center for Lifelong Engineering Education launches Six Sigma program Education launched a new Lean Six Sigma Black Belt certification program, designed for professionals. Lean Six Sigma Black Belt is a hands-on workshop where students are taught critical thinking skills

  8. Date: May 29 through June 19th , 2014 (Every Thursday)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Charles A.

    ,200 *Includes parking Location: NKU METS Center, Erlanger Why obtain the Six Sigma Black Belt? Gain background on the LEAN and Six Sigma methodologies Learn the tools and techniques necessary for implementing Belt, don't miss the opportunity to further your Six Sigma certification! Applied LEAN/Six Sigma

  9. Professional Development and Learning Management Come learn with us at www.cuny.edu/pdlm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM SIX SIGMA SPRING 2014 for Directors, Managers and Supervisors LEAN SIX SIGMA, participants will learn proven methods for achieving higher productivity with limited resources. Lean Six Sigma of this training, participants will be awarded a CTC Lean Six Sigma "White Belt." SIX SIGMA: GREEN BELT April 30

  10. Date: March 4, 11, 18 and 25, 2014 Time: 8:30 am to 4:30 pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Charles A.

    : NKU METS Center, Erlanger The Six Sigma Green Belt Become a Six Sigma process improvement project leader Acquire a background on the Six Sigma methodology Covers the tools and techniques necessary guidance of a Certified Master Six Sigma Black Belt -Develop a clear project definition -Conduct data

  11. Greater Rochester Nursing Home Quality Consortium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Agenda 08:15 Registration; Continental Breakfast; Lean Six Sigma Teams' Posters 09:00 Welcome the Impact of Transforming Elder Care 10:15 Lean Six Sigma Team Project Presentations Melissa Allmaier, RN, Six Sigma Master Black Belt John Biuso, BSIE, Six Sigma Black Belt, CPIM Project Team leaders

  12. Kooperation ,,Wissenschaft & Praxis"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    Kooperation ,,Wissenschaft & Praxis" Trainingsbroschüre BPM | Qualität | Six Sigma | Vertiefung #12 Management Six Sigma Qualitätsmanagement BPM Green Belt ­ Optimierung 2 12 13 14 15 13 16 17 17 16 18 Vertiefungsseminare Zertifizierungsprojekte Six Sigma Six Sigma Yellow Belt ­ Grundlagen des Six Sigma Six Sigma QM

  13. For inquires concerning self inspections, please call Workplace Safety & Environment Protection (WSEP)966-4700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    being conducted (i.e. gloves, goggles, safety glasses, boots, lab coats, face shields, etc.) 3.2 Other 4 belts, gears or chains 9.4 Is maximum grinder shaft rpm clearly permanently marked on machine 9 - no open belts, gears or chains 10.2 Tool bit removed after use 10.3 Fillings and tailings cleaned up after

  14. Comparison study of solid/liquid separation techniques for oilfield pit closures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wojtanowicz, A.K.; Field, S.D.; Osterman, M.C.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vacuum filtration, belt-press filtration, screw-press filtration, and centrifuging techniques were evaluated in full-scale experiments for use in oilfield waste volume reduction. Centrifuging and belt-press filtration proved applicable to oilfield pit cleanups. Also, an effective chemical conditioning (coagulation and flocculation) was found for deliquoring seven types of oilfield waste slurries before separation.

  15. Notes for STA 250, Radford M. Neal, 2000 Organizing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Radford M.

    : Protection for dummies (eg, airbag) weight: Weight of the vehicle in pounds `Make', `model', `side protection weight Buick Elect.â??Parkâ??Ave 88 1467 54 Drvr manualâ??belts 3360 Chevrolet Camaro 91 585 39 Drvr dâ??airbag manualâ??belts 3757 Isuzu Stylus 91 580 57 Drvr dâ??airbag 2333 Mercury Tracer 89 940 48 Drvr manual

  16. DREAM tool increases space weather predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - DREAM tool increases space weather predictions April 13, 2012 Predicting space weather improved by new DREAM modeling tool Earth's radiation belts can now be studied with a new modeling tool DREAM comes into play. Radiation belt structure and dynamics revealed DREAM is a modeling tool

  17. This innovative Executive Master's degree program, developed and taught jointly by Boise State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    improvement with an emphasis on Six Sigma, Lean and other skills necessary to achieve Operational Excellence's degree in business from Boise State University · Six Sigma Black Belt included in tuition · 4 one delivers a Master of Business and a Six Sigma Black Belt in five weeks onsite Program Overview #12;The

  18. Gamma-ray Albedo of Small Solar System Bodies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moskalenko, I.V.

    2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the {gamma}-ray albedo flux from cosmic-ray (CR) interactions with the solid rock and ice in Main Belt asteroids and Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) using the Moon as a template. We show that the {gamma}-ray albedo for the Main Belt and KBOs strongly depends on the small-body mass spectrum of each system and may be detectable by the forthcoming Gamma Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST). If detected, it can be used to derive the mass spectrum of small bodies in the Main Belt and Kuiper Belt and to probe the spectrum of CR nuclei at close-to-interstellar conditions. The orbits of the Main Belt asteroids and KBOs are distributed near the ecliptic, which passes through the Galactic center and high Galactic latitudes. Therefore, the {gamma}-ray emission by the Main Belt and Kuiper Belt has to be taken into account when analyzing weak {gamma}-ray sources close to the ecliptic. The asteroid albedo spectrum also exhibits a 511 keV line due to secondary positrons annihilating in the rock. This may be an important and previously unrecognized celestial foreground for the INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) observations of the Galactic 511 keV line emission including the direction of the Galactic center. For details of our calculations and references see [1].

  19. Geophys. J. Int. (2007) 168, 4858 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03195.x GJIGeomagnetism,rockmagnetismandpalaeomagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cogne, Jean-Pascal

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the NCB ro- tated counter-clockwise with respect to the SCB about a pivot point centred around the initial in the Yangtze fold belt of the South China Block (SCB) undergo significant changes over distances of >1000 km trends would be due to initial variation within the fold belt. However, since little is known about

  20. Livestock, the Environment and Agricultural & Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Odor Emissions from Egg Production FacilitiesProduction Facilities · Determine if belt battery barns Emissions from High Rise and Belt Battery Layer Barns · Determine (PM) and ammonia emissions · Efficiency enzymebased manure additive to reduce ammoniareduce ammonia · Layer Feed Additive in Laying House · Effect

  1. A strong seismic velocity contrast in the shallow mantle across the Zagros collision zone (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Iran) A. Kaviani 1, 2 , A. Paul 1 , E. Bourova 1 , D. Hatzfeld 1 , H. Pedersen 1 , M. Mokhtari 2 1 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran Revised version, 8 June 2007 Keywords: Zagros collision belt, lithospheric residuals in the Zagros Simple Folded Belt and positive residuals in Central Iran. This difference

  2. AUTOMATIC GRADING OF THE POST-HARVEST FRUITA REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Department of Food Engineering, Hebei Normal University of Science Technology, Changli 066600, Hebei Province, P.R. China * Corresponding author, Address: Department of Food Engineering, Hebei Normal from the belt are irradiated by lamps under conveyer belt and yield reflex. Then the reflex signal

  3. Secondary compression of peat with or without surcharging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mesri, G.; Stark, T.D.; Ajlouni, M.A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Chen, C.S. [Sino Geotechnology, Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary compression is important in peat deposits because they exist at high void ratios and exhibit high values of compression index C{sub c}, display the highest values of C{sub {alpha}}/C{sub c} among geotechnical materials, and primary consolidation is completed in weeks or months in typical field situations. Secondary compression of Middleton peat was investigated by odometer tests on undisturbed specimens. The observed secondary compression behavior of this fibrous peat, with or without surcharging, is in accordance with the C{sub {alpha}}/C{sub c} concept of compressibility. Near the preconsolidation pressure, the secondary compression index, C{sub {alpha}}, increases significantly with time. In the compression range C{sub {alpha}} decreases only slightly with time, and for most practical purposes a constant C{sub {alpha}} with time can be used to compute secondary settlement. Postsurcharge secondary compression index, C{prime}{sub {alpha}}, always increases with time. This is predicted by the C{sub {alpha}}/C{sub c} concept of compressibility. A secant post-surcharge secondary compression index, C{double_prime}{sub {alpha}}, is therefore introduced for a simple computation of secondary settlement.

  4. Optimal sensor fusion for land vehicle navigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrow, J.D.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Position location is a fundamental requirement in autonomous mobile robots which record and subsequently follow x,y paths. The Dept. of Energy, Office of Safeguards and Security, Robotic Security Vehicle (RSV) program involves the development of an autonomous mobile robot for patrolling a structured exterior environment. A straight-forward method for autonomous path-following has been adopted and requires digitizing'' the desired road network by storing x,y coordinates every 2m along the roads. The position location system used to define the locations consists of a radio beacon system which triangulates position off two known transponders, and dead reckoning with compass and odometer. This paper addresses the problem of combining these two measurements to arrive at a best estimate of position. Two algorithms are proposed: the optimal'' algorithm treats the measurements as random variables and minimizes the estimate variance, while the average error'' algorithm considers the bias in dead reckoning and attempts to guarantee an average error. Data collected on the algorithms indicate that both work well in practice. 2 refs., 7 figs.

  5. Multi-port valve assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guggenheim, S. Frederic (Teaneck, NJ)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-port fluid valve apparatus is used to control the flow of fluids through a plurality of valves and includes a web, which preferably is a stainless steel endless belt. The belt has an aperture therethrough and is progressed, under motor drive and control, so that its aperture is moved from one valve mechanism to another. Each of the valve mechanisms comprises a pair of valve blocks which are held in fluid-tight relationship against the belt. Each valve block consists of a block having a bore through which the fluid flows, a first seal surrounding the bore and a second seal surrounding the first seal, with the distance between the first and second seals being greater than the size of the belt aperture. In order to open a valve, the motor progresses the belt aperture to where it is aligned with the two bores of a pair of valve blocks, such alignment permitting a flow of the fluid through the valve. The valve is closed by movement of the belt aperture and its replacement, within the pair of valve blocks, by a solid portion of the belt.

  6. Coal-feeding mechanism for a fluidized bed combustion chamber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gall, Robert L. (Morgantown, WV)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to a fuel-feeding mechanism for a fluidized bed combustor. In accordance with the present invention a perforated conveyor belt is utilized in place of the fixed grid normally disposed at the lower end of the fluidized bed combustion zone. The conveyor belt is fed with fuel, e.g. coal, at one end thereof so that the air passing through the perforations dislodges the coal from the belt and feeds the coal into the fluidized zone in a substantially uniform manner.

  7. Personal continuous air monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, Ronald G. (Los Alamos, NM); Salazar, Samuel A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A personal continuous air monitor capable of giving immediate warning of the presence of radioactivity has a filter/detector head to be worn in the breathing zone of a user, containing a filter mounted adjacent to radiation detectors, and a preamplifier. The filter/detector head is connected to a belt pack to be worn at the waist or on the back of a user. The belt pack contains a signal processor, batteries, a multichannel analyzer, a logic circuit, and an alarm. An air pump also is provided in the belt pack for pulling air through the filter/detector head by way of an air tube.

  8. 6.-Zoned Cr-spinel and "ferritchromit" alteration in forearc serpentinites from the northern Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominican Republic B. Saumur 1,2 , and K. H. Hattori2 1 Dept. of Geology, University of Toronto, 22 Russell in northern Dominican Republic belong to the northern Caribbean peridotite belt, which extends from Cuba

  9. Vibrotactile Guidance for Wayfinding of Blind Walkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manduchi, Roberto; Flores, German; Kurniawan, Sri; Morales, Lourdes; Martinson, Eric; Sisbot, Akin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    travel aid for the blind. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics,Guidance for Wayfinding of Blind Walkers G. Flores, S.the form of a belt for guiding blind walkers. This interface

  10. International Continuing Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    and safety. Obtain proven six sigma skills and practical experience to transform your organization beyond water, and drinking water. Plastics Technology Power Systems Six Sigma Black Belt Water Technology Learn

  11. Updated 1-14 Ronald J. Davis, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with industry, and programs for continuous improvement including Lean Six Sigma. In November of 2005 Mr. Davis for Installation Management, Army Management Staff College (2008); Lean Six Sigma Executive Green Belt (2007

  12. Geological Society of America Development of monoclines: Part I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ze'ev, Reches

    . Today most geologists associate the term "monoclinal flexure" with a type of structure in which). However, they are well developed in orogenic belts such as the Rocky Mountains, the Jura Mountains

  13. Paleogene Larger Benthic Foraminiferal Stratigraphy and Facies distribution: implications for tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Kohat Basin, Potwar Basin and the Trans Indus Ranges (TIR) northwest Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Thick Paleogene sequences occur in the southern deformed fold and thrust belt of the Himalayas. In this thesis I describe detailed litho- and biostratigraphy from ten key stratigraphic sections in the Kohat Basin, the ...

  14. Fuel Economy and Performance of Mild Hybrids with Ultracapacitors: Simulations and Vehicle Test Results (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.; Lustbader, J.; Tataria, H.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL worked with GM and demonstrated equivalent performance in the Saturn Vue Belt Alternator Starter (BAS) hybrid vehicle whether running with its stock batteries or a retrofit ultracapacitor system.

  15. Search for possible relationship between volcanic ash particles and thunderstorm lightning activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jánosi, Imre M.

    , with up to three separate layers of enhanced ozone and low humidity. Strong evidence for mixing cyclone, the warm conveyor belt [Browning, 1990], has recently been argued to be one of the main

  16. A chronostratigraphy for the Dinaride Lake System deposits of the Livno-Tomislavgrad Basin: the rise and fall of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Ilid a, Bosnia and Herzegovina email: hharish@bih.net.ba ABSTRACT: The Dinarides are an integral part of the Alpine orogenic belt and stretch over large parts of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Monte Negro

  17. What do you do when 80 percent of your cups walk out of your store, yet you want to create a system to recycle them? Engage the whole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    on which to focus. Cups are made of paper fiber with a coating, and often have a plastic lid materials reclamation facilities, which are an elaborate interweaving of conveyor belts, magnets, and gears

  18. For inquires concerning self inspections, please call Workplace Safety & Environment Protection (WSEP)966-4700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    being conducted (i.e. gloves, goggles, safety glasses, boots, lab coats, face shields, etc.) 3.2 Other 4 - no open belts, gears or chains 11.4 Is maximum grinder shaft rpm clearly permanently marked on machine 11

  19. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) response to clomazone as influenced by rate, soil type, and planting date 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Barr, John Houston

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Clomazone is an effective herbicide widely used for preemergence grass control in rice. However, use of clomazone on sandy textured soils of the western Texas rice belt may cause serious rice injury. When labeled for rice ...

  20. The abundance and distribution of macro-invertebrates in the cooling-water canal system of the P. H. Robinson Generating Station located on Galveston Bay, Texas, with emphasis on the effect of supplemental cooling towers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margraf, F. Joseph

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Goodyear 1972; Raney et al. 1973; Belts et al. 1974). There is aslo increasing awareness and concern for other power plant related problems such as mechanical and pressure stress due to entrainment through the condenser tubes, impingement upon intake...

  1. E-print Network Topics: F

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    issues famus flow assurance fan achtkarspelen op fan atomized burner fan atomized oil fan belts fan blade design fan case materials fan channel networks fan chun-han ko fan...

  2. Energy Analysis and Diagnostics: A Computer Based Tool for Industrial Self Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, B.; Plummer, R. W.; Nagarajan, S.; Kolluri, R.

    of recommending ECOs in areas such as boilers, motor selection, analysis of belt driven systems, destratification, insulation of heated surfaces, and air compressor operation. The system has been designed so as to query the industrial user on aspects related...

  3. Putting the press to the test : effects of temperature on Shea nut oil output

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tacoronte, Lisa Cristina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In northern Ghana, part of a belt reaching from Sub-Saharan Africa to northern Uganda, women collect and process Shea nuts for their valuable oil. This oil is then used in various cosmetic, cooking, and medicinal products. ...

  4. Some healthcare policies, Medicare and Medicaid for example, will not cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    should be made about safety devices such as seat belts and airbags, and the functionalit of basic car seats, and fewer than 10% of their rentals possessed airbags4 . Inquir through a travel agent

  5. The origin and evolution of granites: an in-situ study of zircons from Scottish Caledonian intrusions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appleby, Sarah Kristina

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Granitic magmatism in collision belts is widely regarded as a major mechanism for generating continental crust. This hypothesis can be tested by identifying the source rocks of granitic magmas, and in particular the ...

  6. PRB Coal Users' Group enjoys growing interest in its concerns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahm, R. [CoalTech Consultants Inc. (United States)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A review is given of some of the topics discussed at the PRB Coal Users' Group annual meeting, including combustion dusts and a new session on conveyor belts. 7 figs.

  7. WRITTEN STATEMENT BY LAURA K. FURGIONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . GOES-R will introduce new solar imagery capability, and an expanded range of energetic particle energetic particles in lower Earth orbit. The SEM provides measurements of Earth's radiation belts

  8. Abstract: 2011 GSA Annual Meeting in Minneapolis (912 October 2011) Paper No. 190-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND NEODYMIUM ISOTOPE COMPOSITIONS FOR THE NORTH CARIBOU GREENSTONE BELT, ARCHEAN SUPERIOR PROVINCE DUFF, J.1, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada, jduff018@uottawa.ca, (2) Goldcorp Canada Ltd., Musselwhite Mine, P.O. Box

  9. P R E S I D E N T ' S U N I V E R S I T Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    . Debate and discussion about the use of the Cotton Belt Line is heating up. Proponents of this plan argue access to UTD for students who live off campus and for poten- tial students who live in remote areas

  10. Geochemical properties of the Beni Bousera (N. Morocco) peridotites : a field and laboratory approach to understanding melt infiltration and extraction in an orogenic peridotite massif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manthei, Christian D. (Christian David)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Beni Bousera ultramafic massif is a tectonically emplaced body of upper mantle material that is exposed over 72 km2 in the Betic-Rif-Tell orogenic belt of northern Morocco. The massif is composed primarily of spinel ...

  11. activity hydrogen peroxide: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clouds, and in planetary systems. The Kuiper belt objects, many satellites of the outer solar system, the nuclei of comets and some planetary rings are all known to be water-rich....

  12. re:Dress MSU MUSEUM EXHIBIT PUTS A `GREEN' TWIST ON FASHION DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    to follow a "cradle to cradle" philosophy, that is, considering the carbon footprint and social To" photograph by Leigh Gervasi #12;luggage belt, corn husks, bubble wrap, beer cans

  13. An Archean Oceanic Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Felsic Dyke Swarm In A Nascent Arc- The Hunter Mine Group, Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Canada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: An...

  14. Cosmos greenstone terrane: Insights into an Archaean volcanic arc, associated with komatiite-hosted nickel sulphide mineralisation, from U-Pb dating, volcanic stratigraphy and geochemistry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Joux, Alexandra; Joux, Alexandra de

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Neoarchaean Agnew-Wiluna greenstone belt (AWB) of the Kalgoorlie Terrane, within the Eastern Goldfields Superterrane (EGS) of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, contains several world-class, komatiite-hosted, ...

  15. Tectonic Evolution of the Contaya Arch Ucyali Basin, Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navarro Zelasco, Luis

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Contaya arch is an elongated topographic high that divides the Huallaga, Maranon and Ucayali basins in the Peruvian Amazonian plain. Its position well into the foreland basin and well inland from the main Andean thrust belt has proven...

  16. Dynamics of mechanisms with elastic bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirzahmedov, Ganijon Ahmedovich

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Belt drive mechanisms are alternatives to robotic actuators to obtain complex repetitive motions by simple actuation. By simply changing the dimensions of the mechanism, we can obtain different kinds of trajectories for the exit link...

  17. Grazing value and management of tobosa grass (Hilaria mutica (Buckl.) Benth.) on the Texas Range Station near Barnhart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonza?lez, Marti?n H

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the swot' af 1556s ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A) Suaaary of plot data fran tbe 1956 belt treaseot survey showing anount of toboea by pastures. Oats represeat ?vorages of five plots on each of the wo no)or soil types . . . AP Analysis...

  18. CX-005043: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ArmorBelt Single Point Gas Lift System for Stripper WellsCX(s) Applied: B3.7Date: 01/19/2011Location(s): Tulsa County, OklahomaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  19. CX-005044: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ArmorBelt Single Point Gas Lift System for Stripper WellsCX(s) Applied: B3.7Date: 01/19/2011Location(s): Tulsa County, OklahomaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  20. CX-007857: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Development and Endurance Testing of SLH Timing Belt Powertrain in Hydraulic Laboratory Environment CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6 Date: 01/26/2012 Location(s): Massachusetts Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  1. Product service transformation in product-centric firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitt, Benjamin (Benjamin P.)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In slow or no-growth economies, firms cannot rely solely on recurring business from large, core customers who often delay or cancel capital investments in belt-tightening times. To achieve growth, firms must lever domain ...

  2. Gulf Currents That Turn Storms Into Monsters By ANDREW C. REVKIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a centerpiece of hurricane forecasts. The current is a conveyor belt of banked solar energy, typically with more companies worried that the roiling currents could rip their drill rigs out of the seabed. Now, scientists

  3. Impact of Agricultural Practice on Regional Climate in a Coupled Land Surface Mesoscale Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, H.S.; Riley, W.J.; Torn, M.S.; He, Y.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    winter wheat belt on the mesoscale environment, Monthlygeneration Penn State/NCAR mesoscale model (MM5), NCAR,in a Coupled Land Surface Mesoscale Model H.S. Cooley Energy

  4. Tuesday, March 13, 2007 POSTER SESSION I: FUTURE MISSION CONCEPTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . Adachi T. Mikula V. Electromagnetic Spacecraft Used for Magnetic Navigation Within Asteroid Belt, Mining Concepts and Asteroid Magnetic Classification [#1093] Application of expandable/collapsible magnetic coil. Benson S. Propulsion Options for Near Earth Object Characterization Missions [#2087] This presentation

  5. Computer vision-based localization and mapping of an unknown, uncooperative and spinning target for spacecraft proximity operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tweddle, Brent Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prior studies have estimated that there are over 100 potential target objects near the Geostationary Orbit belt that are spinning at rates of over 20 rotations per minute. For a number of reasons, it may be desirable to ...

  6. Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola section in eastern Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola Formation in eastern Nepal along the Muksar Khola section for thermochronologic and sediment petrologic mountain belts preserve the exhumation record of their sediment source areas. Petrologic, thermochronologic

  7. asmari formation zagros: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran) Physics Websites Summary: of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust...

  8. Bulk materials handling equipment roundup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The article reports recent product developments in belt conveyors. Flexco Steel Lancing Co. (Flexco) has a range of light, portable maintenance tools and offers training modules on procedures for belt conveyor maintenance on its website www.flexcosafe.com. Siemens recently fitted a 19 km long conveyor belt drive system at a Texan aluminium plant with five 556-kW Simovent Masterdrive VC drives. Voith recently launched the TPKL-T turbo coupling for users who want an alignment-free drive solution. Belt cleaners newly on the market include the RemaClean SGB brush and ASGCO Manufacturing's Razor-Back with Spray bar. Continental Conveyor has introduced a new line of dead-shaft pulleys offering increased bearing protection. 6 photos.

  9. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) response to clomazone as influenced by rate, soil type, and planting date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Barr, John Houston

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Clomazone is an effective herbicide widely used for preemergence grass control in rice. However, use of clomazone on sandy textured soils of the western Texas rice belt may cause serious rice injury. When labeled for rice in 2001, sandy textured...

  10. PUTTING KNOWLEDGE TO WORK The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State College, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navara, Kristen

    not hold up well under high static pressures caused by dirty evaporative cooling pads and fan shutters, air the amount of time and money spent cleaning shutters and replacing fan belts. Depending on the fan installed

  11. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 1150,1993, pp. 393-404, 15 figs, 2 tables Printed in Northern Ireland Tectonic evolution of the Nakasib suture, Red Sea Hills, Sudan: evidence for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Northern Ireland Tectonic evolution of the Nakasib suture, Red Sea Hills, Sudan: evidence for a late Proterozoic (Pan-African) ophiolite-decorated structural belt in the central Red Sea Hills of the Sudan

  12. AUTOMOTIVE AND HIGH-TECH MEET IN SMART MOBILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    systems, automatic transmission push belts, etc. Seventy per cent of products are shipped to Germa- ny, which produces 700 million chips for the automotive industry every year. This eco- system is attractive

  13. PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF QUARTZ SAMPLES FOR Al/Be EXTRACTION This method describes the initial stages of quartz separation from rocks or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, John

    powerful motor, many uncovered moving parts, and a heavy flywheel that imparts enormous inertia to all WHILE WEARING ANY LOOSE CLOTHING THAT COULD BECOME CAUGHT IN THE BELTS OR FLYWHEEL. BE ESPECIALLY

  14. Introduction Discrete Particle Method(DPM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    belts), stockpile construction and discharge, biomass combustion, etc. Solid fuel particles share particles Un like the continuum mechanics approach (e.g. CFD), it considers each particles as an individual

  15. Relations between hinterland and foreland shortening: Sevier orogeny, central North American Cordillera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Wanda J.; Bartley, John M.; Martin, Mark W.; Geissman, John W.; Walker, J. Douglas; Armstrong, Phillip A.; Fryxell, Joan E.

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tectonic relations between foreland and hinterland deformation in noncollisional orogens are critical to understanding the overall development of orogens. The classic central Cordilleran foreland fold-and-thrust belt in the United States (Late...

  16. Sedimentological evolution of the Emine and Kamchia basins, eastern Bulgaria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suttill, Hannah L.

    2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Mountain belts are inherently asymmetric, defined by the sense of plate subduction. The resultant orogen can be divided into peripheral and retro-arc wedges with the retro-wedge overlying the overthrust plate. Modelling ...

  17. ACC 040 Development of Manufacturing Methods for Fiber Preforms

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    preforming cell UD Twintex roving TP-P4 preform buffer Robo t Heat Setting Process Air heater 0.75 Screen buffer Set part buffer 2 Pre- consolidation cell 1 Double belt...

  18. MILLIMETER EMISSION STRUCTURE IN THE FIRST ALMA IMAGE OF THE AU Mic DEBRIS DISK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacGregor, Meredith A.; Wilner, David J.; Rosenfeld, Katherine A.; Andrews, Sean M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Matthews, Brenda; Booth, Mark [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5072 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Hughes, A. Meredith; Chiang, Eugene; Graham, James R.; Kalas, Paul [Department of Astronomy, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Kennedy, Grant [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Sibthorpe, Bruce [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, NL-9747 AD Groningen (Netherlands)

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present 1.3 mm ALMA Cycle 0 observations of the edge-on debris disk around the nearby, {approx}10 Myr old, M-type star AU Mic. These observations obtain 0.''6 (6 AU) resolution and reveal two distinct emission components: (1) the previously known dust belt that extends to a radius of 40 AU and (2) a newly recognized central peak that remains unresolved. The cold dust belt of mass {approx}1 M{sub Moon} is resolved in the radial direction with a rising emission profile that peaks sharply at the location of the outer edge of the 'birth ring' of planetesimals hypothesized to explain the midplane scattered light gradients. No significant asymmetries are discerned in the structure or position of this dust belt. The central peak identified in the ALMA image is {approx}6 times brighter than the stellar photosphere, which indicates an additional emission process in the inner regions of the system. Emission from a stellar corona or activity may contribute, but the observations show no signs of temporal variations characteristic of radio-wave flares. We suggest that this central component may be dominated by dust emission from an inner planetesimal belt of mass {approx}0.01 M{sub Moon}, consistent with a lack of emission shortward of 25 {mu}m and a location {approx}<3 AU from the star. Future millimeter observations can test this assertion, as an inner dust belt should be readily separated from the central star at higher angular resolution.

  19. Report of Progress with Citrus Fruits at the Beeville Sub-Station, Bee County.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waschka, S. A.

    1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . For the last five years, until the cold spell in January of this year, the coast belt has not been visited by weather severe enough to test the endurance of the citrus trees. In January past, the temperature went to freezing even at the coast, and down... as low as 20? to 24? over most of the citrus fruit belt. That the trees stood this temperature is a most encouraging circum? stance for the development of the industry. One of the most frequent inquiries coming to the Station relates to the type...

  20. Engineering and economical aspects of selection of coal conveying system in Czech underground mines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, J.; Drozdek, K. [VSB-Technical Univ., Ostrava (Czech Republic)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal, rock and material conveying and men-riding presently represent the critical activities of the mining process. Coal when cut out in the face is continually transported towards the expedition from a mine. The selection of coal conveying system from face to the skip complex or directly to the surface depends mainly on the quantity of coal conveyed, the hauling distance, the local and time concentration of production and the lifetime of a system. Possibilities of belt conveying and combined belt conveying and locomotive haulage, used in Czech coal mines, are analyzed from the point of view of technological advantages and disadvantages and compared according to the economic parameters.

  1. Structural geology of the northern termination of the Crawford Thrust, western Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, James Paul

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparison with Previous Work CONCLUSIONS. REFERENCES CITED. VITA, 106 107 116 177 136 139 144 1X LIST OF FIGUPES F IGUPE PAGE Generalized map of the Utah-Wyoming-Idaho Th!ust Belt, showing study area location.... . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . Strati graphi c column for the Utah-Wyom; ng- Idaho !hrust Belt Examples of Listric Normal faults From Wyoming. . 14 Cross sections A-A' through C-C' tron Brown and Spang ('l9/8) 21 Cross sections D-D' through ! -F' from Brown and Spang (1978) 22...

  2. Underlying Event Studies for LHC Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gergely Gábor Barnaföldi; András G. Agócs; Péter Lévai

    2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Underlying event was originally defined by the CDF collaboration decades ago. Here we improve the original definition to extend our analysis for events with multiple-jets. We introduce a definition for surrounding rings/belts and based on this definition the jet- and surrounding-belt-excluded areas will provide a good underlying event definition. We inverstigate our definition via the multiplicity in the defined geometry. In parallel, mean transverse momenta of these areas also studied in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV LHC energy.

  3. Conglomeration of kilometre-sized planetesimals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shannon, Andrew; Wu, Yanqin; Lithwick, Yoram

    2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    (CIERA) and 3Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK Draft version January 14, 2015 ABSTRACT We study the efficiency of forming large bodies, starting from a sea of equal-sized planetesimals. This is likely... one of the earlier steps of planet formation and relevant for the formation of the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt and extra-solar debris disks. Here we consider the case that the seed planetesimals do not collide frequently enough for dynamical...

  4. The geology of the area bordering the Brazos River in southeastern Milam and northeastern Burleson counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlap, John Bettes

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Wilcox and the Glaiborne together under the name Timber Belt Beds, These be4s ?ere named for exposures in the iron-ore dis- trict of east Texas~ b. i, Kennedy (1892) divi4ed the Timber Belt Beds into the Marina (upper), and 0he Lignitic (lower... the Lignitic (%ilccx) and below the Jackson& T~ w ~ vaughan (1896) used the term Lower clsibcrne to in elude all the strata between the Lignitic and the Gockfield perry (Yegua) ~ klexarder Duessen (1')is)~ durins his work on the ground water...

  5. MESURE DES INTENSITS PAR CEINTURE DE ROGOWSKI UTILISATION D'UNE SPIRE COMPENSATRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , specially in gaseous dis- charge, with « Rogowski belt » placed around conductor. The presence mesurer I (fig. 1). Le flux FIG. 1. de l'induction=Bo créé par ce courant, à travers les spires de l de la valeur de l'induction magnétique en tout point, le vecteur induction conservant toujours. une

  6. Expedited Site Characterization Geophysics: Geophysical Methods and Tools for Site Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, N.E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    battery belt, 4 batteries, 2 chargers ) IO0 ,,L t ,, , i l,, E__d CharacterizationCharacterization Geophysics SPECIFICATIONS: TEMI3 MAGNETIC ANTENNA General Power: Two 9V alkaline batteries BatteryCharacterization Geophysics RESISTIVITY/ INDUCED POLARIZATION (_nt'd/ For the standard resistivit 7 technique, a battery-

  7. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 881887, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/881/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the Balkan Region as a part of the Alpine-Himalayan seismic belt, characterized by high seis- micity, is exposed to a high seismic risk. From plate-tectonic point of view, the Balkan Region is an element continental margin of Africa crop out (Boyanov et al., 1989). The neotectonic movements on the Balkan Re- gion

  8. Method for Centering of Metal Strips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    of the belt and automatically manipulate the cooling or heating. Vienna University of Technology | Research. State-of­the-art methods like pinch rolls mounted in a rotating frame, swivel or tilt of guide rolls all. Benefits · The contactless technology is optimally suited for sensitive strips with high-quality surface

  9. Ice surfaces: macroscopic effects of microscopic structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wettlaufer, John S.

    in the large tropical and subtropical belt, and between -20 and -40 C in the small polar caps. Water becomes ice at just around the middle of that temperature range. Only a small shift in temperature determines microphysics and chemistry have large-scale consequences. The difficulties associated with observing processes

  10. Updated 12-13 Jennifer Edgin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Air Force egress systems. She was then selected to the inaugural class for Lean Six Sigma program improvement methodologies. As part of the Lean Six Sigma program, Ms. Edgin completed a rotational assignment from George Washington University. She is an American Society of Quality Six Sigma Black Belt and DAIWA

  11. SQC & OR Unit INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCES TEZPUR UNIVERSITY Announces Certification Program for SIX SIGMA GREEN BELT For North.tezu.ernet.in #12;EXPECTATION! v Six Sigma is like that old Wella Balsam shampoo commercial: `She told two friends Magazine, October 1997) v Six Sigma initiative has become a rage. Every organization wants to implement Six

  12. What: Two-Day Short Course (14 hrs) When: March 13-14, 2013, from 9am-5pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodla, Ramana

    for 2-day course) and a CAMLS Six Sigma - Yellow Belt Certificate. Who Should Attend Company executives Systems (CAMLS) is proud to offer this two-day course to the public. Six Sigma is a customer the core concepts and tools of six sigma process improvement meth- odology, including: statistical quality

  13. Enrollment Management Annual Report 2011-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    PurduePlan powered by Degree Works in January 2013. · Additional Six Sigma process improvement projects around the EM different EM units through Six Sigma-Green Belt training in the summer of 2012. Six Sigma is a business of transfer calls. 4 EMAR 2012 This Year in Enrollment Management Six Sigma group creates data with trebuchets

  14. Certifications http://OperationsExcellence.utk.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    Certifications http://OperationsExcellence.utk.edu Green, Black, Lean Six Sigma, and Master Black) Lean (one week of coursework) 2) Lean Six Sigma (two weeks of coursework) 3) Six Sigma (two weeks) lean Six Sigma Green Belt coursework: Location: Knoxville, Tennessee Tuition: $4,500 (5 days) or $3

  15. None known. Franklin Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    irritating to the respiratory system. Moderately irritating to eyes.This product may irritate eyes upon contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt

  16. The Los Alamos dynamic radiation environment assimilation model (DREAM) for space weather specification and forecasting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reiner H W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chen, Yue [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Koller, Josef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henderson, Michael G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) was developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to assess, quantify, and predict the hazards from the natural space environment and the anthropogenic environment produced by high altitude nuclear explosions (HANE). DREAM was initially developed as a basic research activity to understand and predict the dynamics of the Earth's Van Allen radiation belts. It uses Kalman filter techniques to assimilate data from space environment instruments with a physics-based model of the radiation belts. DREAM can assimilate data from a variety of types of instruments and data with various levels of resolution and fidelity by assigning appropriate uncertainties to the observations. Data from any spacecraft orbit can be assimilated but DREAM was designed to function with as few as two spacecraft inputs: one from geosynchronous orbit and one from GPS orbit. With those inputs, DREAM can be used to predict the environment at any satellite in any orbit whether space environment data are available in those orbits or not. Even with very limited data input and relatively simple physics models, DREAM specifies the space environment in the radiation belts to a high level of accuracy. DREAM has been extensively tested and evaluated as we transition from research to operations. We report here on one set of test results in which we predict the environment in a highly-elliptical polar orbit. We also discuss long-duration reanalysis for spacecraft design, using DREAM for real-time operations, and prospects for 1-week forecasts of the radiation belt environment.

  17. Enhanced loss of magnetic-mirror-trapped fast electrons by a shear Alfven wavea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angles, University of

    by extensive satellite measurements since the discovery of the radiation belts, and can be dramatically of current interest in developing artificial techniques to mitigate extraordinary energetic charged particle.4 Of special interest is the dramatic drop of the relativistic electron flux during geomagnetic

  18. Multiple herbicide-resistant Lolium rigidum (annual ryegrass) now dominates across the Western

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    of Plant Biology, Institute of Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia in this region. In 2010, a random survey was conducted across the grain belt of Western Australia to determine of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. Tel: (+61) 8 6488 1512; Fax: (+61) 8 6488

  19. An ASAE/CSAE Meeting Presentation Paper Number: 044177 Comparison of Direct vs. Indirect Ventilation Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    Ventilation Rate Determination for Manure Belt Laying Hen Houses Hong Li Hongwei Xin Yi Liang Graduate. Direct measurement of ventilation rate in livestock housing can be a formidable task due a potentially viable, more flexible alternative to estimating ventilation rate. The reliability of CO2 balance

  20. Cotton Insects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaines, J. C.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................ Lace-winged Fly or Aphid Lion ........................................ Big-eyed Bugs .......................................................................... Hooded Beetle ............... ........... ...................................... Soft... was reported in 1793. It is not able to sur- vive the winter in any part of the United States. .\\pparently infestations always originate from [lights of moths from Central America. Never- theless, the leafworm occurs in some section of the Cotton Belt...

  1. Conveyor with rotary airlock apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronbert, J.W.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention is comprised of an apparatus for transferring objects from a first region to a second region, the first and second regions having differing atmospheric environments. The apparatus includes a shell having an entrance and an exit, a conveyer belt running through the shell from the entrance to the exit, and a horizontally mounted `revolving door` with at least four vanes revolving about its axis. The inner surface of the shell and the top surface of the conveyer belt act as opposing walls of the `revolving door`. The conveyer belt dips as it passes under but against the revolving vanes so as not to interfere with them but to engage at least two of the vanes and define thereby a moving chamber. Preferably, the conveyer belt has ridges or grooves on its surface that engage the edges of the vanes and act to rotate the vane assembly. Conduits are provided that communicate with the interior of the shell and allow the adjustment of the atmosphere of the moving chamber or recovery of constituents of the atmosphere of the first region from the moving chamber before they escape to the second region.

  2. Electron acceleration at Jupiter: input from cyclotron-resonant interaction with whistler-mode chorus waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodfield, E. E.

    Jupiter has the most intense radiation belts of all the outer planets. It is not yet known how electrons can be accelerated to energies of 10 MeV or more. It has been suggested that cyclotron-resonant wave-particle ...

  3. The radial gradient of relativistic electrons at geosynchronous orbit T. G. Onsager,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkington, Scot R.

    is a highly dynamic region, driven externally by the solar wind and controlled within the magnetosphere of timescales, ultimately driven by the solar wind but controlled within the magne- tosphere by the action enhanced wave energization or scattering into the loss cone within the radiation belts in the inner

  4. SPACE WEATHER, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Log-normal Kalman filter for assimilating1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghil, Michael

    data assimilation methods that are based on least-squares mini-14 mization of normally distributed-space density data in the radiation belts2 D. Kondrashov, 1 M. Ghil 1,3 and Y. Shprits, 1,3 D. Kondrashov Los Angeles, CA 90095-1565, U.S.A. (dkon- dras@atmos.ucla.edu) 1 Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic

  5. PUTTING KNOWLEDGE TO WORK The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State College, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navara, Kristen

    educational programs, assistance and materials to all people without regard to race, color, national origin. The thinner a belt becomes, the lower it will ride in the motor and prop pulleys and the slower the fan blades to decrease fan capacity by 25%. Since the relationship between air speed and wind chill is exponential, a 25

  6. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-18. 2001. 347 1Rocky Mountain Research Station,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    surfacing. Sequential use of planers, belt sanders, and an assortment of sanding material on the surface reconstruction, growth rates, and age of wind-thrown logs (Arnold and Libby 1949; Baisan and Swetnam 1990; Briffa a vise to stabilize the core while shaving one side with a razor blade. Techniques for onsite aging

  7. Pinus peuce and Pinus heldreichii tree rings as a key to past mountain climate in Southeastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Forestry (Bulgaria)

    constructed or are scarce. One of these is the Balkan peninsula, Despite its great importance as a border are located on the North-Western slope of Todorka peak in the treeline belt (2100-2300 m a.s.l.). The Pinus

  8. HIGH TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL (PHOSPHORIC ACID) MANUFACTURING R&D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thickness = 1.42 Ribbed belt system for continuous channel formation BOMNSM prot into a slab of desired thickness followed by net-shape molding of channels using a double-b Lab scale bipolar ­ Net-shaped separators Future process Trimming & Flow Channel Machining Continuous screw extruder

  9. ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 26, NO. 3, 2009, 480492 The East Asia-Western North Pacific Boreal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bin

    ISO (CISO) and transient ISO (TISO). CISO is the ISO component that is phase-locked to the annual belt of CISO, the dominant periodicities of TISO in both the South China Sea-Philippine Sea (SCS China Sea monsoon associated with CISO, too fast northward propagation of CISO from 20 N to 40 N

  10. Calendar | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    1950trooptrain 2014-07-17 09:31 Conveyor Belt Script 2014-07-17 10:51 public access 2014-07-17 11:47 ostiblog2 2014-07-17 15:23 biofuels 2014-07-17 15:47 wwslogo 2014-07-17 16:06...

  11. VEHICLE USAGE AGREEMENT DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    VEHICLE USAGE AGREEMENT DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE All drivers of vehicles must certify to the following: 1. I certify that I have a valid driver's license appropriate for the vehicle type and will abide belts. 2. I have read and understand the vehicle operating policies and procedures as defined

  12. DRIVER'S AGREEMENT I have agreed to act as a driver on this trip. I agree that I have a valid driver's license and will

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    of passengers may not exceed the number of seat belts.) o Operate the vehicle in accordance with applicable or traffic violations associated with his/her use of the vehicles. o Take a 30 minute break every 4 hours. o by anyone in the vehicle. o Not use electronic devices while driving. o Not transport unauthorized

  13. Appendix 5-Ba 12-Passenger Van Operators Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaddle, John

    as a maximum load. 2. Wear seat belts/shoulder harnesses as provided in the vehicle. 3. Drivers of College vehicles are required to operate vehicles in a safe manner and to obey all State laws. In many states, the use of a handheld cell phone while driving a vehicle is prohibited by State law except for emergency

  14. Climate Science: Tropical Expansion by Ocean Swing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Jian

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical belt has become wider over the past decades, but climate models fall short of capturing the full rate of the expansion. The latest analysis of the climate simulations suggests that a long-term swing of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation is the main missing cause.

  15. Conveyor with rotary airlock apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for transferring objects from a first region to a second reg, the first and second regions having differing atmospheric environments. The apparatus includes a shell having an entrance and an exit, a conveyor belt running through the shell from the entrance to the exit, and a horizontally mounted "revolving door" with at least four vanes revolving about its axis. The inner surface of the shell and the top surface of the conveyor belt act as opposing walls of the "revolving door." The conveyor belt dips as it passes under but against the revolving vanes so as not to interfere with them but to engage at least two of the vanes and define thereby a moving chamber. Preferably, the conveyor belt has ridges or grooves on its surface that engage the edges of the vanes and act to rotate the vane assembly. Conduits are provided that communicate with the interior of the shell and allow the adjustment of the atmosphere of the moving chamber or recovery of constituents of the atmosphere of the first region from the moving chamber before they escape to the second region.

  16. Synchrotron infrared and Raman spectroscopy of microdiamonds from Erzgebirge, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    of Kazakhstan and the Western Gneiss Region of Norway, and differentiates them from other nitrogen­Mesozoic collisional orogenic belts of Kazakhstan (Kokchetav massif), China (Dabie and Qiadam territories), Norway concentration similar to that of Kazakhstan. In both localities, the diamonds are well preserved, although some

  17. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , has a high contribution to the improvements of rain and error estimates. The methodology developed the intertropical belt, satellite radiometers are powerful tools to measure precipitation as surface net- works and energy cycle, and the upcoming Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) program (GPM mission) offers

  18. INTRODUCTION The massive sulfide deposits of southern Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    INTRODUCTION The massive sulfide deposits of southern Spain and Portugal were formed about 300 Ma). Spain became a Roman province, and mining of the rich deposits of the Iberian pyrite belt for copper, California 94025 A. Palanques Instituto de Ciencias del Mar, 08039 Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT A metal

  19. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 26, NO. 13, PAGES 1785-1788, JULY 1, 1999 Current sheet control of recurrent particle increases at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanahuja, Blai

    solar wind far from the Sun along interfaces which are inclined relative to the equator in the same/n alpha particle intensity. The next panel shows the solar wind speed. In the bottom panel we show wind of the streamer belt to the high-speed solar wind flow of the polar coronal hole, and back, every

  20. On the Control of Robots with Visco-Elastic Joints Alessandro De Luca Riccardo Farina Pasquale Lucibello

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Alessandro

    displacement between the motor and the driven link), belts (typically, in Scara-type arms), or long shafts (e couplings, pioneered in the DECMMA project of Stanford University [7]; introduction of actuators with intrinsic variable stiffness (double McK- ibben muscles), as in the 3R SoftArm built at the University

  1. CDC's National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network NEW MEXICO Keeping Track, Promoting Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and investigate exposures, to explore linkages between environmental hazards and health outcomes, and to advise of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects #12;The Problem Tracking in Action Improved Public Health Uranium unknowns: Making connections and directing health action The Grants Mineral Belt is high in uranium

  2. Subsidence history of the Alabama promontory in response to Late Paleozoic Appalachian-Ouachita thrusting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitting, B.M.; Thomas, W.A. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Alabama promontory of North American continental crust was framed during late Precambrian-Cambrian rifting by the northeast-striking Blue Ridge rift and the northwest-striking alabama-Oklahoma transform fault. A passive margin persisted along the western side of the promontory from Cambrian to Mississippian time, but the eastern side was affected by the Taconic and Acadian orogenies. Prior to initiation of Ouachita and Appalachian (Alleghanian) thrusting, the outline of the rifted margin of continental crust on the Alabama promontory remained intact; and the late paleozoic thrust belt conformed to the shape of the promontory, defining northwest-striking Ouachita thrust faults along the southwest side of the promontory, north-striking Appalachian (Georgia-Tennessee) thrust faults on the east, and northeast-striking Appalachian (Alabama) thrust faults across the corner of the promontory. Subsidence profiles perpendicular to each of the strike domains of the thrust belt have been constructed by calculating total subsidence from decompacted thickness of the synorogenic sedimentary deposits. The profile perpendicular to the Ouachita thrust belt shows increasing subsidence rates through time and toward the thrust front, indicating the classic signature of an orogenic foreland basin. The profile perpendicular to the Georgia-Tennessee Appalachian thrust belt similarly shows increasing subsidence rates through time and toward the orogenic hinterland. These quantitative results support the conclusion that Black Warrior basin subsidence is tectonically rather than sedimentologically driven, and the timing of subsidence events reported here has implications for regional tectonic models.

  3. INTRODUCTION Extraction of granite from lower crust, and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar, Gary S.

    INTRODUCTION Extraction of granite from lower crust, and its emplacement at shallower levels, is the principal mechanism by which the continents have be- come differentiated. Thus, understanding how granite orogenic belts spatial and tem- poral relationships between granite and regional tectonic structures

  4. Primordial black holes and asteroid danger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Shatskiy

    2008-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Probability for a primordial black hole to invade the Kuiper belt was calculated. We showed that primordial black holes of certain masses can significantly change asteroids' orbits. These events may result in disasters, local for our solar system and global for the Earth (like the Tunguska meteorite). We also estimated how often such events occur.

  5. The Astrophysical Journal, 673: L191L194, 2008 February 1 2008. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Glenn

    bodies that exists to fuel the dust production. The characteristics of the HR 4796A disk make throughout the outer parts of our solar system. The presence of organic material around a star that may it a younger, dustier analog to the Kuiper Belt within the solar system. Studying HR 4796A provides a probe

  6. Algorithms for Robot Grasp and Delivery PRASAD CHALASANI \\Lambda RAJEEV MOTWANI y ANIL RAO z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motwani, Rajeev

    , low degrees of freedom robot arms, modular fixtures, flexible parts feeders, light beams, and simple 2 arising in a typical application: parts arrive on a conveyer belt and have to be grasped by a robot arm by the robot arm and, consequently, its cycle time. We model this application as problems of the form: Given n

  7. Local Address: Alan S. Githens Permanent Address: 418 E Washington St, Apt 2 alangithens@gmail.com 1127 Chapel Dr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Samantha

    -machine interface for a newly designed tracking tester § Simulated select belt tracking cases on multibody dynamics film formation in open atmosphere using laser sustained plasmas § Safely operated class 4 5kW CO2 laser earned runner-up for the 2012 P.B. Breneman Best Design in Research Award Intern, Glass Melting

  8. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FISH COMMISSION. 213 W c O N E X P E B I M E N T S , B E G U N IN 1880, T O P L A N T AMERIOAN OYB.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the same age from the oyster beds on the west coast of Bchleswig (as the specimeim placed on exhihition that on the eastern, the Swedish coast of the Baltic, where the water is less salty than in the middle and the western ofstone and bone, oysters must have been frequcnt in the Little Belt, for at a place on its western coast

  9. The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    The Possible Loss of Venezuelan Heavy Crude Oil Imports Underscores the Strategic Importance crude, making reliance on Canadian heavy crude oil more significant, and the approval of the Keystone XL of ConocoPhillips' Petrozuata- Hamaca and ExxonMobil's Cerro Negro Orinoco Belt heavy oil projects

  10. Remark on ``Indication, from Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses Data, of an Apparent Anomalous, Weak, Long-Range Acceleration''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. W. Kuhne

    1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, Anderson et al. presented possible evidence for an anomalous acceleration acting on spacecrafts. Furthermore, the motions of several planets and comets are known to experience unexplained disturbances. A transneptunian comet or asteroid belt might be the common origin of these anomalies.

  11. www.pcs.udel.edu Career-oriented certificate programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Management Professional® Examination Prep 9 Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Certificate 9 Social Media Marketing Certificate graduate. Visit www.pcs.udel.edu/students to read her story. #12;Jeff Garvey Lean Six Sigma Green victim to it. So, I enrolled in UD's Lean Six Sigma Certificate and learned how to take a problem, break

  12. Montana Manufacturing Center www.mtmanufacturingcenter.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    ForwardFocus NLI Takes Quality to the Next Level with Lean Six Sigma Spring 2007 Global Trade Certification Global Trade Certification By Deborah Nash, MMEC Lean Six Sigma is boosting the results of quality and wellness industry. Commenting on the strategy, Chief Opera- tions Officer and Six Sigma Green Belt Brad

  13. A Partnership in the Pursuit of Excellence Master's degree in business from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    university · Six Sigma Black Belt included in tuition · 5 weeks of in-depth class sessions spread over 12 improvement skills with an emphasis on Six Sigma, Lean, and Continuous Improvement · Project-based makes is not included) Graduate in 12 Months is is an intensive program to earn your Master's Degree and Six Sigma Black

  14. A new ONERA-CNES Slot Electron Model A. Sicard-Piet1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new ONERA-CNES Slot Electron Model A. Sicard-Piet1 , D. Boscher1 , D. Lazaro1 , S. Bourdarie1 , G-- A new model of electron flux in the Slot Region has been developed at ONERA. This model is based the dynamics of electron flux in the slot region. Index terms- Energetic particles-Slot region-Radiation belts

  15. Table 1. Design specifications of ultra-high speed PM motor. Supply voltage (V) 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    by the engine to compress inlet air to the engine cylinder. The supercharger electrically driven by the UHS combustion engine with a belt from a crankshaft, and compress the air flow to the engine cylinder, for example, magnet eddy-current loss that is proportional to square of the operating frequency

  16. CFMRI Physiological Monitoring System Operator's Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    and lead wires (MRI compatible) can cause patient heating or burn if not used properly. To minimize in Figure 1) · Invivo millennia® 3155MVS remote monitor (#9 in Figure 1) · BioPac System - Respiratory Belt) Turn on the Invivo 3155MVS remote monitor located in the control room. · Invivo 3155MVS should

  17. United States Office of Radiation & EPA 402-R-99-002 Environmental Protection Indoor Air (6602J) October 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Environmental Protection Agency. The use of the terms "extraction," "benefi ciation," and "mineral processing to provide a better understanding of the nature and extent of TENORM at copper mining and mineral processing in the southwestern copper belt of Arizona. The data show that dump leaching operations and solvent extraction

  18. An Exploratory Investigation of Polar Organic Compounds in Waters from a LeadZinc Mine and Mill Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in southern Missouri. Lead­zinc mining and mineral extraction in the New Lead Belt generate large possible organic compounds coming from the milling process. Water samples contained rela- tively high, implying a lack of naturally occurring aquatic humic or fulvic acids. Samples were extracted by three

  19. Plastics and elastomers: Mining applications. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). NewSearch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the development and applications of plastic and elastomer materials and products used in mining operations. Applications include conveyor belting, ventilating equipment, tunnel construction and drainage, and metal corrosion protection. Some attention is given to heavy-duty vehicle tires. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  20. Extended stratigraphy, palynology and depositional environments record the initiation of the Himalayan Gyirong Basin (Neogene China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, PR China d Xi'an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Xi'an 710054, PR China e Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts), and strongly affected local and global climate (An et al., 2001; Garzione, 2008; Dupont-Nivet et al., 2008

  1. ABSTRACT FINAL ID: SM13B-2055 TITLE: Whistler amplification: a free electron laser in the Earth's magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    ABSTRACT FINAL ID: SM13B-2055 TITLE: Whistler amplification: a free electron laser in the Earth on the similarities between free electron lasers (FELs) and whistler mode emissions, we present here a new set in the Earth's magnetosphere that arise due to the interaction of whistler waves with radiation belt electrons

  2. 1989 1:100,000 1992 1:100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wen-Shan

    . Petrol. Geol. Taiwan, no.4, p.93-106. #12;171 Biq, C. (1971) Comparison of mélange tectonics in Taiwan and in some other mountain belts. Petrol. Geol. Taiwan, no.9, p.79-106. Biq, C. (1972) Dual-trench structure structure, Pingtung, Taiwan. Petrol. Geol. Taiwan 8, p.281-294. Erslev, E.A. (1991) Trishear fault

  3. Detrital geochronology and geochemistry of CretaceousEarly Miocene strata of Nepal: implications for timing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    rocks has traditionally relied upon petrographic data sets from sandstones [1]. In regions where source of northern Pakistan and India as Early to Middle Eocene (~52 Ma). Eocene strata in the Tethyan portion of the central part of the Himalayan orogenic belt consist of shallow marine carbonate rocks that lack evidence

  4. Page 1 of 4 Radiogram No. 3929u Form 24 for 08/27/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the ISS PL 09:40-09:45 FE-5 VETEROK Air Scrubber Fan [] Activation 09:50-09:55 FE-6 CARD Refrigerated:45-12:05 FE-3 Troubleshooting of TVIS Belt Slats 11:50-11:55 FE-5 VETEROK Air Scrubber Fan [] Deactivation 11

  5. Export of Asian pollution during two cold front episodes of the TRACE-P experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    Export of Asian pollution during two cold front episodes of the TRACE-P experiment C. Mari how these cyclonic systems have impacted the export of pollution out of the Asian continent. We of pollution are met during flight 13 (i.e., the occurrences of the warm conveyor belt near the source regions

  6. NATURE|Vol 441|18 May 2006 NEWS & VIEWS Doppler wobble. Second, the reduced stellar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    dimming of that star's light. By observing both Doppler signalsandtransits,boththemassandphysical size University, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA. e-mail: dcharbonneau@cfa.harvard.edu 1 remains an open question. In the Solar System, the asteroid belt lies near 2.6 AU, between the orbits

  7. Development of dense-phase pneumatic transport of coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horisaka, S.; Ikemiya, H.; Kajiwara, T. [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Kashima, Ibaraki (Japan)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Dense phase pneumatic transport system has been developed to reduce entrained particles as is seen in the belt conveyor system. High mass flow rate and dense phase (Loading ratio = 50--100kg-coal/kg-N{sub 2}) transport has been achieved by applying this plug flow system to pneumatic conveying of coal (Average particle diameter = 2.5 mm).

  8. BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Denise

    BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE DRIVING BUCKLE UP! Seat belts should never have time off DRIVE the back seat to the front seat.4 ·The back is the best place for pets. According to AAA, similar. Never place the shoulder portion under your arm or behind your back! ·Drivers should sit with at least

  9. Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania A. Jardin1, F Interpretation in Dumre Area, Albania -- The challenge of seismic exploration in fold and thrust belt settings compte plus importante des données géologiques. Abstract -- Subsalt Depth Seismic Imaging and Structural

  10. Michael Murray, Ph.D. National Wildlife Federation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    , MI November 17, 2005 Emissions of Pollutants from Coal-Fired Power Plants ­ Current Issues Issues of Concern in Coal-Fired Power Plant Emissions · Broader fuel use context of power generation · Recent trends Conveyer belt Cooling Water Energy to consumers Stack Schematic Diagram of a Coal-fired Power Plant Source

  11. Naftali (Tuli) Herscovici 52 Agnes Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel, including the random-time solar-flare disturbance. We show as the Oort Cloud, composed o f thousands of millions of comets extending beyondthe Sun for a light year. 45,NO.4. August 2003 111 #12;Figure 1. The solar system, hydrogen wall, Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud

  12. Naftali (Tuli) Herscovici 52 Agnes Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel, including the random-time solar-flare disturbance. We show). Of particular interest for scientists would be a mission to the region known as the Oort Cloud, composed o f]. Extremelyhightemperaturesare needed 111 #12;Figure 1. The solar system, hydrogen wall, Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, and stellar

  13. ACIS Memo #175 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Due To Radiation Belt Passes at the HRMA Focus Date: 18 October 1999 This memo attempts to place in the HRMA focus. If there is a change in the CTI of s3, it is no greater than 3x10 \\Gamma6 . To come

  14. HIGH FIDELITY ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERSION FOR SPACEBORNE APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the construction of a new generation of plasma wave receivers, scientific instruments that measure electromagnetic of the Earth's radiation belts. This dissertation describes the specification, design, implementation, and testing of the SVADC-1, a radiation-hard, 12-bit, pipeline analog-to-digital converter that meets

  15. The Campaign for STaTeSurpaSSeS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    18 1COLORADO STATE #12;www.CSUmba.com AACSB internationally accredited since 1970 We fit CSU MBAs MBA in Denver while working as Controller for Earthstone Energy, Inc. Executive MBA ­ Downtown Denver deliver strong academics at rea- sonable prices. We applaud these institutions for tightening their belts

  16. The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey: The Multi-Telescope Robotic Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. J. Lehner; C. -Y. Wen; J. -H. Wang; S. L. Marshall; M. E. Schwamb; Z. -W. Zhang; F. B. Bianco; J. Giammarco; R. Porrata; C. Alcock; T. Axelrod; Y. -I. Byun; W. P. Chen; K. H. Cook; R. Dave; S. -K. King; T. Lee; H. -C. Lin; S. -Y. Wang

    2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) operates four fully automatic telescopes to search for occultations of stars by Kuiper Belt Objects. It is a versatile facility that is also useful for the study of initial optical GRB afterglows. This paper provides a detailed description of the TAOS multi-telescope system, control software, and high-speed imaging.

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    placed Cretaceous and possibly older petroleum source rocks into the thermal window for the generation Cretaceous and possibly older source rocks in the deeper part of the basin migrated updip to form Belt relative to the deeper part of the East Venezuela Basin. Oil generated from thermally mature

  18. DERIVING THE DISTRIBUTION OF ORDINARY CHONDRITE (H, L, LL)-LIKE MATERIALS IN ASTEROIDS FROM THEIR VISIBLE AND NEAR-INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY. T.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroi, Takahiro

    THEIR VISIBLE AND NEAR-INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY. T. Hiroi1 , T. Nimura2,3 , Y. Ueda2 , S. Sasaki4 and near-infrared tele- scopic reflectance spectra of 53 S/A/R/V asteroids were taken from the 24-color [3 reflects their abundance in the main asteroid belt. The abundant S-type asteroids and less abundant Q

  19. Center for Excellence in Logistics and Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, James S.

    Center for Excellence in Logistics and Distribution (CELDi) James S. Noble, MU Site Director Center Designated Projects Logistics Network Design for Less-than-Truckload Consolidation Helping Green Belts Use What They Know 3 #12;Development of Logistics Efficiency Metrics Supply Chain Networks

  20. Low-temperature magnetic refrigerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barclay, J.A.

    1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to magnetic refrigeration and more particularly to low temperature refrigeration between about 4 and about 20 K, with an apparatus and method utilizing a belt of magnetic material passed in and out of a magnetic field with heat exchangers within and outside the field operably disposed to accomplish refrigeration.

  1. Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Broom, Belt, Carpet) Shot Peened Exposed Aggregate Porous (Pervious) Concrete Milled HMA and SurfaceImproving Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics Pooled Fund TPF-5(139) National Concrete do with this knowledge? #12;Better Design and Construction Practices for Texturing Concrete Pavement

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 24312440, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2431/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Physics Optical characteristics of biomass burning aerosols over Southeastern Europe determined from UV are mainly attributed to the advection of smoke plumes from biomass burning regions over Thes- saloniki. The biomass burning regions were found to extend across Russia in the latitudinal belt between 45 N­55 N

  3. Exhumation tectonics of the ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks in the Qinling orogen in east China: New petrological-structural-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    China: New petrological-structural- radiometric insights from the Shandong Peninsula Michel Faure,1 Wei-Dabie Belt, which is famous for its ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamor- phism. Although numerous petrologic Block (SCB), we argue that all three areas are parts of the SCB. Structural, petrologic, 40 Ar/39 Ar

  4. The authors are solely responsible for the content of this technical presentation. The technical presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of ASAE, and its printing and distribution does not constitute an endorsement of views which m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of ASAE, and its printing and distribution does and system performance as caused by factors such as operation static pressure, fan belt condition, and dust alternative to estimating ventilation rate. The reliability of CO2 balance method depends on the validity

  5. Evaluation of Travis Peak gas reservoirs, west margin of the East Texas Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yamin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    for basinward extension of Travis Peak gas production along the west margin of the East Texas Basin. Along the west margin of the East Texas Basin, southeast-trending Travis Peak sandstones belts were deposited by the Ancestral Red River fluvial-deltaic system...

  6. Preventing Concussion A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    . But sometimes concussion can lead to long- lasting problems. The best way to protect yourself and your family to reduce the chances that you or your family members will have a concussion or more serious brain injury: Wear a seat belt every time you drive or ride in a motor vehicle. Buckle your child in the car using

  7. Aquatic plants growing in ponds and lakes are beneficial for fish and wildlife. They provide food,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    cover, preventing predation, and leading to stunted (small-sized) sportfish populations. Water Weed in your pond. Constructing ponds with steep slopes that drop quickly into deep water can prevent weeds such as contour plowing, no-till farming, strip cropping, protecting shelter belts, and excluding livestock from

  8. Joint Degree Program Giang T. Nguyen, MD, MPH, MSCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    ! Physical Activity Programming #12;Medical Director of a Level 3 Patient-Centered Medical Home · Penn Family health is the science and art of protecting and improving the health of communities. · It involves Immunization programs Outbreak investigationsDomestic violence prevention Seat belt design Lead testing

  9. Joint Degree Program Giang T. Nguyen, MD, MPH, MSCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushman, Frederic

    -Centered Medical Home · Penn Family Care · Urban Family Medicine Office · 45 providers, 2 offices · Admissions at 2 health is the science and art of protecting and improving the health of communities. · It involves Outbreak investigationsDomestic violence prevention Seat belt design Lead testing and abatement Cancer

  10. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 150, 1993, pp. 1065-1074, 13 figs. Printed in Northern Ireland Structure of the late Proterozoic Nakasib suture, Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Northern Ireland Structure of the late Proterozoic Nakasib suture, Sudan M. G. ABDELSALAM & R. J. STERN-0688, USA Abstract: The Nakasib suture is a prominent structural belt in the central Red Sea Hills, Sudan Sea Hills of the Sudan (Fig. 1). It is left-laterally offset by the younger, north to NNW-trending Oko

  11. Magnetic burial and the harmonic content of millisecond oscillations in thermonuclear X-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. B. Payne; A. Melatos

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Matter accreting onto the magnetic poles of a neutron star spreads under gravity towards the magnetic equator, burying the polar magnetic field and compressing it into a narrow equatorial belt. Steady-state, Grad-Shafranov calculations with a self-consistent mass-flux distribution (and a semi-quantitative treatment of Ohmic diffusion) show that, for $\\Ma \\gtrsim 10^{-5}\\Msun$, the maximum field strength and latitudinal half-width of the equatorial magnetic belt are $B_{\\rm max} = 5.6\\times 10^{15} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.32}$ G and $\\Delta\\theta = \\max[3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{-1.5},3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.5}(\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}/10^{-8}\\Msun {\\rm yr}^{-1})^{-0.5}]$ respectively, where $\\Ma$ is the total accreted mass and $\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}$ is the accretion rate. It is shown that the belt prevents north-south heat transport by conduction, convection, radiation, and ageostrophic shear. This may explain why millisecond oscillations observed in the tails of thermonuclear (type I) X-ray bursts in low-mass X-ray binaries are highly sinusoidal: the thermonuclear flame is sequestered in the magnetic hemisphere which ignites first. The model is also consistent with the occasional occurrence of closely spaced pairs of bursts. Time-dependent, ideal-magnetohydrodynamic simulations confirm that the equatorial belt is not disrupted by Parker and interchange instabilities.

  12. CV S. Judge 1 SHELLEY A. JUDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Mark A.

    School (Columbus), a public school emphasizing math, science, and technology. Instructor/Assistant Professor, Department of Geology, Muskingum College, New Concord, Ohio, 2005-2008. · Taught the lecture-thrust belt. Editorial Board Member, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Expedition 306: North Atlantic Climate

  13. Numerical modelling of erosion processes in the Himalayas of Nepal: effects of spatial variations of rock strength and precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Numerical modelling of erosion processes in the Himalayas of Nepal: effects of spatial variations of the morphology of mountain belts. Here we investigate the modalities of defor- mation in Central Nepal on a c that the pattern of uplift in Nepal is mainly dependent on both erodability and fault geometry, rather than

  14. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Where is the North China­South China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  15. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 181:5361, 2009 March doi:10.1088/0067-0049/181/1/53 c 2009. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    the concentration of ammonia in outer solar system ices. Key words: infrared: general ­ methods: laboratory component in the solar system both as a repository of nitrogen in primitive objects such as the nuclei be addressed. et al. 2001; Cook et al. 2007), and Kuiper Belt Object (50000) Quaoar (Jewitt & Luu 2004

  16. TB, SD, APJS/294258/ART, 4/12/2008 The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 125:19, 2008 ??? doi:10.1088/0067-0049/125/1/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewitt, David C.

    as well as for estimating the concentration of ammonia in outer solar system ices. Key words: infrared important chemical component in the solar system both as a repository of nitrogen in primitive objects correspondence should be addressed. et al. 2001; Cook et al. 2007), and Kuiper Belt Object (50000) Quaoar (Jewitt

  17. Experimental study of avulsion frequency and rate of deposition Madeline Bryant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paola, Chris

    and sedimentation rate that would be strong enough to change qualitatively the results of existing models with sedimentation rate: widely dispersed, iso- lated ``ribbon'' channel-belt sand bodies represent high. Other pos- sible influences on alluvial architecture in the LAB model include sediment compac- tion

  18. Crustal structure of central Lake Baikal: Insights into intracontinental rifting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten Brink, Uri S.; Taylor, Michael Halford

    2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in an ancient fold-and-thrust belt. The extent and location of upper mantle extension are not revealed by our data, and it may be offset from the rift. We believe that the Baikal rift structure is similar in many respects to the Mesozoic Atlantic rift system...

  19. Petrovay: Solar physics Solar wind and heliosphere THE SOLAR WIND AND THE HELIOSPHERE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrovay, Kristóf

    with high first ionization potential are underrepresented in solar wind. Probable cause: ambipolar diffusion: Solar physics Solar wind and heliosphere Potential explanation: belt due to higher pressurePetrovay: Solar physics Solar wind and heliosphere THE SOLAR WIND AND THE HELIOSPHERE 1951: First

  20. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Optical sizing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maerz, Norbert H.

    mining operation, from the drilling and blasting to the final product; the material size dictates all- disruptive and practical for sizing any material that could be successfully imaged, including blastedWares's WipFrag system work best under controlled conditions like over moving conveyor belts, where camera

  1. Chelyabinsk meteorite explains unusual spectral properties of Baptistina Asteroid Family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Vishnu; Bottke, William; Cloutis, Ed; Izawa, Matt; O'Brien, Dave; Mann, Paul; Cuddy, Matt; Corre, Lucille Le; Gaffey, Michael; Fujihara, Gary

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the spectral and compositional properties of Chelyabinsk meteorite to identify its possible parent body in the main asteroid belt. Our analysis shows that the meteorite contains two spectrally distinct but compositionally indistinguishable components of LL5 chondrite and shock blackened/impact melt material. Our X-ray diffraction analysis confirms that the two lithologies of the Chelyabinsk meteorite are extremely similar in modal mineralogy. The meteorite is compositionally similar to LL chondrite and its most probable parent asteroid in the main belt is a member of the Flora family. Intimate mixture of LL5 chondrite and shock blackened/impact melt material from Chelyabinsk provides a spectral match with (8) Flora, the largest asteroid in the Flora family. The Baptistina family and Flora family overlap each other in dynamical space. Mineralogical analysis of (298) Baptistina and 9 small family members shows that their surface compositions are similar to LL chondrites, although their absorptio...

  2. Continuous process electrorefiner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Herceg, Joseph E. (Naperville, IL); Saiveau, James G. (Hickory Hills, IL); Krajtl, Lubomir (Woodridge, IL)

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A new device is provided for the electrorefining of uranium in spent metallic nuclear fuels by the separation of unreacted zirconium, noble metal fission products, transuranic elements, and uranium from spent fuel rods. The process comprises an electrorefiner cell. The cell includes a drum-shaped cathode horizontally immersed about half-way into an electrolyte salt bath. A conveyor belt comprising segmented perforated metal plates transports spent fuel into the salt bath. The anode comprises the conveyor belt, the containment vessel, and the spent fuel. Uranium and transuranic elements such as plutonium (Pu) are oxidized at the anode, and, subsequently, the uranium is reduced to uranium metal at the cathode. A mechanical cutter above the surface of the salt bath removes the deposited uranium metal from the cathode.

  3. Data Assimilation for Inner-Magnetospheric Plasma Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godinez Vazquez, Humberto C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data assimilation are methods that combine information from a model, observational data, and corresponding error statistics, to provide an estimate of the true state of a system as accurately as possible. These methodologies are used in a wide range of problems, such as: Weather prediction, Radiation belt simulation, Solar Physics, and Orbital Dynamics simulation. Data Assimilation for Radiation Belt Models: (1) Wide range of assimilation methodologies, most are easy to implement and effective; (2) Data assimilation is an active area of research (both in theory and applications); (3) Huge benefit to space physics, community starting to accept and utilize; (4) Assimilation in space physics used for gap filling, forecast, nowcast and/or reanalysis, reduction and specification of uncertainties; and (5) Data assimilation offers paradigm shift from previous working relation between modelers and experimentalist, work more closely together.

  4. The dynamic radiation environment assimilation model (DREAM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, Geoffrey D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Koller, Josef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tokar, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chen, Yue [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henderson, Michael G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friedel, Reiner H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) is a 3-year effort sponsored by the US Department of Energy to provide global, retrospective, or real-time specification of the natural and potential nuclear radiation environments. The DREAM model uses Kalman filtering techniques that combine the strengths of new physical models of the radiation belts with electron observations from long-term satellite systems such as GPS and geosynchronous systems. DREAM includes a physics model for the production and long-term evolution of artificial radiation belts from high altitude nuclear explosions. DREAM has been validated against satellites in arbitrary orbits and consistently produces more accurate results than existing models. Tools for user-specific applications and graphical displays are in beta testing and a real-time version of DREAM has been in continuous operation since November 2009.

  5. Rotary electrical contact device and method for providing current to and/or from a rotating member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Koplow, Jeffrey P

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Examples of rotary electrical connectors include a first pair and a second pair of opposing sheaves coupled together by intersecting first shaft connecting the first pair of opposing sheaves and a second shaft connecting the second pair of opposing sheaves, and at least partially electrically conductive belt disposed about respective perimeters of the first pair and second pair of opposing sheaves and adapted to remain in contact with at least a portion of the respective perimeters of the sheaves during motion of said sheaves. In example devices, one of the plurality of sheaves may remain stationary during operation of the device while the remaining sheaves rotate and/or orbit around a center axis of the stationary sheave, the device being configured to couple current between a stationary power source and a rotating member through the electrically conductive belt.

  6. Temeljna na?ela i postupci u pretvaranju sirove dijalektološke gra?e u znanstveni rje?nik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blažeka, ?uro

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tvorbenu zanimljivost ili pak je zabilježena zanimljiva re?eni?na potvrda, npr.: RadUvanje [rad?uva?e rad?uva?a] n Gl. im. < rad?uvat? se. ? ?be??a?e l?ud?m rad?uva?e! MOTANJE [m?ota?e m?ota?a] n 1. motanje. ? ?Ov? m?ota?e v?one m? je v??? d?osadn?. 2... [b?el?t? se b?el?m se] impf. pej. duriti se pokazuju?i jezik. ? Ne m??raš se b?el?t?! N?i??s? n?ik?m? zan?iml?f! DOGLJUMPATI SE [d?g??umpat? se d?g??umpam se] pf. šalj. dosjetiti se. ? K?ak sam se pr??jd? n?i?? t?oga d?g??umpal! M?ogl? sm? v??...

  7. A Macroscopic Description of Self-Organized Criticality Systems and Astrophysical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aschwanden, Markus J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest a generalized definition of self-organized criticality (SOC) systems: SOC is a critical state of a nonlinear energy dissipation system that is slowly and continuously driven towards a critical value of a system-wide instability threshold, producing scale-free, fractal-diffusive, and intermittent avalanches with powerlaw-like size distributions. We develop here a macroscopic description of SOC systems that provides an equivalent description of the complex microscopic fine structure, in terms of fractal-diffusive transport (FD-SOC). Quantitative values for the size distributions of SOC parameters (length scales $L$, time scales $T$, fluxes $F$, and energies $E$) are derived from first principles, using the scale-free probability theorem, $N(L) dL \\propto L^{-d}$, for Euclidean space dimension $d$. We apply this model to astrophysical SOC systems, such as lunar craters, the asteroid belt, Saturn ring particles, magnetospheric substorms, radiation belt electrons, solar flares, stellar flares, pulsar gl...

  8. New approaches to recycling tires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, R.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Steel-belted radial tires are potentially one of the most recyclable products created by modern industry, although the potential has been barely tapped. Discarded tires pile up at an astonishing rate each year - 234 million in the US and 26 million passenger tire equivalents in Canada. They represent a mother lode of raw material waiting for modern day miners to transform them into recycled rubber, steel, fiber and energy. The tremendous increase in use of steel belted radials since the early 1970s has complicated their recyclability compared to the bias ply tire, but it has also accomplished waste reduction by tripling tire service life. Part one of this report describes processes being developed to convert tires to crumb rubber, as well as some potential uses of recycled rubber. Part two, to appear next month, will examine such uses as rubberized athletic tracks and highway asphalt.

  9. Screw-fed pump system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sprouse, Kenneth M

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A pump system includes a pump that includes a first belt and a second belt that are spaced apart from each other to provide generally straight sides of a passage there between. There is an inlet at one end of the passage and an outlet at an opposite end of the passage, with a passage length that extends between the inlet and the outlet. The passage defines a gap distance in a width direction between the straight sides at the passage inlet. A hopper includes an interior space that terminates at a mouth at the passage inlet. At least one screw is located within the interior space of the hopper and includes a screw diameter in the width direction that is less than or equal to the gap distance.

  10. A Summary of Fault Recurrence and Strain Rates in the Vicinity of the Hanford Site--Topical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Winsor, Kelsey; Unwin, Stephen D.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is one in a series of topical reports compiled by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to summarize technical information on selected topics important to the performance of a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to summarize available data and analyses relevant to fault recurrence and strain rates within the Yakima Fold Belt. Strain rates have met with contention in the expert community and may have a significant potential for impact on the seismic hazard estimate at the Hanford Site. This report identifies the alternative conceptual models relevant to this technical issue and the arguments and data that support those models. It provides a brief description of the technical issue and principal uncertainties; a general overview on the nature of the technical issue, along with alternative conceptual models, supporting arguments and information, and uncertainties; and finally, suggests some prospective approaches to reducing uncertainties about earthquake recurrence rates for the Yakima Fold Belt.

  11. Holographic Entanglement Entropy in 2D Holographic Superconductor via $AdS_3/CFT_2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Momeni, Davood; Raza, Muhammad; Myrzakulov, Ratbay

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of the present letter is to find the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) in 2D holographic superconductors (HSC). Indeed, it possible to compute the exact form of this entropy due to a advantage of approximate solutions inside normal and superconducting phases with backreactions. By making the UV and IR limits applied to the integrals, an approximate expression is obtained. In case the software cannot calculate minimal surface integrals analytically it offers the possibility to proceed with a numerical evaluation of the corresponding terms. We'll understand how the area formula incorporates the structure of the domain wall approximation. We conclude that the wider belt angle corresponds to a larger surface holographic surface. We see that HEE changes linearly with belt angle.

  12. Holographic Entanglement Entropy in 2D Holographic Superconductor via $AdS_3/CFT_2$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davood Momeni; Hossein Gholizade; Muhammad Raza; Ratbay Myrzakulov

    2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of the present letter is to find the holographic entanglement entropy (HEE) in 2D holographic superconductors (HSC). Indeed, it possible to compute the exact form of this entropy due to a advantage of approximate solutions inside normal and superconducting phases with backreactions. By making the UV and IR limits applied to the integrals, an approximate expression is obtained. In case the software cannot calculate minimal surface integrals analytically it offers the possibility to proceed with a numerical evaluation of the corresponding terms. We'll understand how the area formula incorporates the structure of the domain wall approximation. We conclude that the wider belt angle corresponds to a larger surface holographic surface. We see that HEE changes linearly with belt angle.

  13. Waste Minimization Improvements Achieved Through Six Sigma Analysis Result In Significant Cost Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mousseau, Jeffrey, D.; Jansen, John, R.; Janke, David, H.; Plowman, Catherine, M.

    2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved waste minimization practices at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are leading to a 15% reduction in the generation of hazardous and radioactive waste. Bechtel, BWXT Idaho, LLC (BBWI), the prime management and operations contractor at the INEEL, applied the Six Sigma improvement process to the INEEL Waste Minimization Program to review existing processes and define opportunities for improvement. Our Six Sigma analysis team: composed of an executive champion, process owner, a black belt and yellow belt, and technical and business team members used this statistical based process approach to analyze work processes and produced ten recommendations for improvement. Recommendations ranged from waste generator financial accountability for newly generated waste to enhanced employee recognition programs for waste minimization efforts. These improvements have now been implemented to reduce waste generation rates and are producing positive results.

  14. Depositional environment and facies relationships of the Canyon sandstone, Val Verde Basin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Michael Harold

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Wolfcamp) time, there was an acceleration in the rate of downwarping of the trough as indicated by over 14, 000 ft of Wolfca+ain sediments (Young, 1960). L. These thick Wolfcampian deposits consist largely of interbedded shale and sandstone. The shale... of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulleti. n. concerning many details. The Val Verde Basin is an elongate, asymmetric trough that trends northwest-southeast in southwest Texas (Fig. 1). The basin is presently bounded by the Marathon fold belt...

  15. DuPont Energy Breakout Initiative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, W. F.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the major energy- consuming areas of the site. Approaches to im- proving energy efficiency were largely ad hoc and relied on Six Sigma practitioners to identify and eliminate obvious defects that increased energy use. Improvement projects were... structured en- ergy efficiency program and conceived the idea of the ?Energy Breakout? initiative. The key elements of Energy Breakout included: g120 The designation of a knowledgeable indi- vidual, usually a Six Sigma Black Belt, to serve as Site...

  16. Division of Continuing Education Center for Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asaithambi, Asai

    Sigma Lean Six Sigma iSO 9001:2000 Lean buSineSS prOceSSeS imprOvement tOOLS StatiSticaL methOdS kepner Champions Team Formation Black Belts Six Sigma Methodology Teams BUSINESS Business Issues Executive Leadership six sigma | lean six sigma Six Sigma is a program that allows an organization to improve

  17. The Astrophysical Journal, 632:L45L48, 2005 October 10 2005. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A SATELLITE TO THE LARGE KUIPER BELT OBJECT 2003 EL61 M. E. Brown,1 A. H. Bouchez,2,3 D. Rabinowitz,4 R. Sari,1 C. A. Trujillo,5 M. van Dam,2 R. Campbell,2 J. Chin,2 S. Hartman,2 E. Johansson,2 R. Lafon,2 D. Le Mignant,2 P. Stomski,2 D. Summers,2 and P. Wizinowich2 Received 2005 July 28; accepted

  18. The Astrophysical Journal, 639:L43L46, 2006 March 1 2006. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    . A. van Dam,2 A. H. Bouchez,3 D. Le Mignant,2 R. D. Campbell,2 J. C. Y. Chin,2 A. Conrad,2 S. K. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. SATELLITES OF THE LARGEST KUIPER BELT OBJECTS M. E. Brown,1 M. Hartman,2 E. M. Johansson,2 R. E. Lafon,2 D. L. Rabinowitz,4 P. J. Stomski, Jr.,2 D. M. Summers,2 C. A

  19. For inquires concerning self inspections, please call Workplace Safety & Environment Protection (WSEP)966-4700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    .0 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) A M UA N/A Comments 2.1 Lab coats/uniforms stored separately from.e. gloves, goggles, safety glasses, boots, lab coats, face shields, etc.) 2.3 Other 3.0 Hazard Communication/A Comments 8.1 Drive mechanism guarded - no open belts, gears or chains 8.2 Tool bit removed after use 8

  20. Morphological, mineralogical and physicochemical characteristics of some dark clay soils of Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acevedo, Gilberto

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . '. beany of tho soil propox ties, such as plasticity, stickiness, s~elling and shrinking upon wottixxg and dryinp ~ and exchange capacity, are dependent upon the clay mineral fraction of' the soil. It is expected that thc observed rolationships... l. X-ray d5. ffraction pa'tterns for the clay minerals kaolinite~ illite and montmorlllonite . . . , . . . . . . . . , , ~, . Hap of Puerto 8ioo showing several annual rainfall belts and the approximate locations fox thc profiles studied. ~ o...

  1. Mesozoic and Cenozoic structural geology of the CP Hills, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada; and regional implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caskey, S.J. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States)

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed mapping and structural analysis of upper Proterozoic and Paleozoic rocks in the CP Hills of the Nevada Test Site, together with analysis of published maps and cross sections and a reconnaissance of regional structural relations indicate that the CP thrust of Barnes and Poole (1968) actually comprises two separate, oppositely verging Mesozoic thrust systems: (1) the west-vergent CP thrust which is well exposed in the CP Hills and at Mine Mountain, and (2) the east-vergent Belted Range thrust located northwest of Yucca Flat. West-vergence of the CP thrust is indicated by large scale west-vergent recumbent folds in both its hangingwall and footwall and by the fact that the CP thrust ramps up section through hangingwall strata toward the northwest. Regional structural relations indicate that the CP thrust forms part of a narrow sigmoidal belt of west-vergent folding and thrusting traceable for over 180 km along strike. The Belted Range thrust represents earlier Mesozoic deformation that was probably related to the Last Chance thrust system in southeastern California, as suggested by earlier workers. A pre-Tertiary reconstruction of the Cordilleran fold and thrust belt in the region between the NTS and the Las Vegas Range bears a close resemblance to other regions of the Cordillera and has important implications for the development of hinterland-vergent deformation as well as for the probable magnitude of Tertiary extension north of Las Vegas Valley. Subsequent to Mesozoic deformation, the CP Hills were disrupted by at least two episodes of Tertiary extensional deformation: (1) an earlier episode represented by pre-middle Miocene low-angle normal faults, and (2) a later, post-11 Ma episode of high-angle normal faulting. Both episodes of extension were related to regional deformation, the latter of which has resulted in the present basin and range topography of the NTS region.

  2. Automatic detection of bone fragments in poultry using multi-energy x-rays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, TN); Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Mullens, James A. (Knoxville, TN)

    2002-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    At least two linear arrays of x-ray detectors are placed below a conveyor belt in a poultry processing plant. Multiple-energy x-ray sources illuminate the poultry and are detected by the detectors. Laser profilometry is used to measure the poultry thickness as the x-ray data is acquired. The detector readout is processed in real time to detect the presence of small highly attenuating fragments in the poultry, i.e., bone, metal, and cartilage.

  3. Integrated rig for the production of boron nitride nanotubes via the pressurized vapor-condenser method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, Michael W; Jordan, Kevin C

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An integrated production apparatus for production of boron nitride nanotubes via the pressure vapor-condenser method. The apparatus comprises: a pressurized reaction chamber containing a continuously fed boron containing target having a boron target tip, a source of pressurized nitrogen and a moving belt condenser apparatus; a hutch chamber proximate the pressurized reaction chamber containing a target feed system and a laser beam and optics.

  4. tas. Siempre con el apoyo de Minitab y poniendo el nfasis en la claridad de la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    desean revitali- zarlo. Lean Six Sigma es una metodología de me- jora cuyo objetivo es hacer que las Mejora Lean Six Sigma Nivel Black Belt está estructu- rado para proporcionar a sus participantes las implantación con éxito de programas Lean Six Sigma. · Metodología: en el que se detallan las ac- tividades

  5. Connecting seas: western Palaearctic continental flyway for water birds in the perspective of changing land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleyer, Michael

    of changing land use and climate M E N N O B A R T R . VA N E E R D E N *, R U D O L F H . D R E N T w, J U L the tundra and taiga belts of Russia with north-west Europe is the major migratory avenue for an estimated 9; accepted 24 January 2005 Introduction Profound changes have occurred in the European landscape during

  6. Paleoecology, structure, and distribution of Triassic coral buildups in western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, G. D., Jr.

    1979-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    and cold-water coral banks that could easily be mistaken for shallow, tropical reefs if preserved in the rock record. The Triassic buildups of North America are domi- nated by astrocoeniid, montlivaltiid, and thamnasteriid corals that differ little over... with modern coral reefs, Smith (1927) inferred tropical climates for North America during the Triassic and cited broader climatic belts to explain the present-day distribu- tional data. Muller (1936a, b), in discussing Triassic coral reefs from Nevada...

  7. Pollution of single white dwarfs by accretion of many small asteroids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jura

    2008-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Extrapolating from the solar system's asteroid belt, we propose that externally-contaminated white dwarfs without an infrared excess may be experiencing continuous accretion of gas-phase material that ultimately is derived from the tidal destruction of multiple small asteroids. If this scenario is correct, then observations of metal-polluted white dwarfs may lead to determining the bulk elemental compositions of ensembles of extrasolar minor planets.

  8. Effects of dietary silicon on bone characteristics of poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plyler, James Edward

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    den menschlichen barn. Biochem. Zeitschrift 94:163-173. Jones, L. H. P. , and K. V. Handreck, 1967. Silica in soils, plants and animals. Adv. Agron. 19:107-149. King, E. J. , and T. H. Belt, 1938. The physiological and pathological aspects.... C. Nottle, M. C. , 1966. Silica metabolism of the Marino sheep. Australian J. Agr. Res. 17:175-182. Roberson, R. H. , 1975. Effect of silicate, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, and zinc on performance of broiler chicks. Poultry Sci. 54...

  9. Control of Willow Baccharis and Spiny Aster With Pelleted Herbicides.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutz, J.L.; Scifres, C.J.; Mohr, W.C.; Drawe, D.L.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ., professor, The Texas Agricultural Experiment Sta- tion (Department of Range Science) Mohr, W. C., range research technician, The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (Department of Range Science) Drawe, D. L., assistant director, The Rob and Bessie... willow baccharis plant, and the number of plants completely defoliated were recorded within a 2-meter-wide belt down the center of each plot. Spiny Aster On June 1, 1976. an experiment was installed on the Rob and Bessie Welder Wildlife Foundation...

  10. Energy saving ideas for open pit mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rixen, W. (Krupp Industrie-Und Stahlbau, Duisberg, Germany); Benecke, K.J.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasing cost of diesel fuel is making truck haulage in open pit mines less economic. Belt conveyor systems have much lower operating costs but are not as flexible in their application and require more detailed pit planning. The possibility of combining the flexibility of trucks with the low cost of conveyors is offered by the application of semi-mobile crushing plants followed by belt conveyors for the main haul out of the pit. In the first part of this article. Dr.-Ing W. Rixen describes some of the semi-mobile plants already in operation, while in the second section. Dr.-Ing K.J. Benecke discusses a theoretical case study involving trucks, crushers, and conveyors. Since a belt conveyor cannot transport rocks of a size often produced when blasting hard strata, a crusher must be installed before the belt conveyor to reduce the material to a transportable size. This also serves as a primary crusher. The crushing plant is positioned centrally in the mine and trucks haul overburden and ore from the individual faces to the crusher without having to climb long gradients. Therefore, truck haul distances and operating costs are significantly reduced. The resulting savings in operating costs greatly exceeds the additional capital costs for the crushing plant. The use of fully mobile crushers directly fed by the face shovel is well established. Whereas the partial elimination of truck haulage by semi-mobile in-pit crushers is a more recent development. This latter method restricts truck haulage to in-pit operation only, saving costly haulage of material up-grade out of the pit to the crusher or overburden dump. It is particularly applicable to operations where blending is required. In such cases, the flexibility and adaptability of trucks to frequently changing faces is essential, while the semi-mobile crusher reduces haul distances to a minimum.

  11. Landslide susceptibility mapping for real estate development, tested along I-35, Dallas to San Antonio, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaidusek, Barbara Ursel Marie

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    estate industry. In order to accomplish this objective, areas were field checked for slope instabilities within four major cities o- the Cretaceous belt: Dallas, Waco, Austin, and San Antonio. All clay formations in the study area were found...-De'I Rio Formation boundaries. Here the caprock tends to squeeze out the underlying clays; rockfalls of the overlying limestone occur. The Bergstrom, Del Rio and Eagle Ford Formations of San Antonio, and the Eagle Ford Formation of Austin have...

  12. Inflatable tool with rib expansion support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mody, R.K.

    1990-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes apparatus for introduction into a subterranean well on a conduit. It comprises a cylindrical housing including upper and lower collar members; means for securing the housing relative to the conduit; an inflatable elastomeric element disposed around the exterior of the housing; anchoring means; and elastically expandable belt means carried around the exterior of the anchoring means and spaced between the inflatable elastomeric element and each of the collars.

  13. Evaluation of emplacement sensors for detecting radiation and volatile organic compounds and for long-term monitoring access tubes for the BWCS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lord, D.L.; Averill, R.H.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document evaluates sensors for detecting contaminants in the excavated waste generated by the Buried Waste Containment System (BWCS). The Barrier Placement Machine (BPM) removes spoils from under a landfill or plume and places it on a conveyor belt on the left and right sides of the BPM. The spoils will travel down the conveyor belts past assay monitors and be deposited on top of the site being worked. The belts are 5 ft wide and transport approximately 15 ft3 /minute of spoils. This corresponds to a 10 ft per hour BPM advance rate. With a 2 in. spoils height the belt speed would be 3.6 in. per second. The spoils being removed are expected to be {open_quotes}clean{close_quotes} (no radiation or volatile organics above background levels). To ensure that the equipment is not digging through a contaminated area, assay equipment will monitor the spoils for mg radiation and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The radiation monitors will check for gross radiation indication. Upon detection of radiation levels above a predetermined setpoint, further evaluation will be performed to determine the isotopes present and their quantity. This will require hand held monitors and a remote monitoring station. Simultaneously, VOC monitors will monitor for predetermined volatile/semi-volatile organic compounds. A Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) monitor is recommended for this operation. Specific site requirements and regulations will determine setpoints and operation scenarios. If VOCs are detected, the data will be collected and recorded. A flat panel display will be mounted in the BPM operator`s cab showing the radio nuclide and VOC monitoring data. As the BPM advances, a 3-in. diameter PVC tube will be placed on the bottom of the barrier slot in front of the 12 to 16-in. containment barrier being emplaced.

  14. Marginalisation of yak herders in Bhutan: can public policy generate new stabilities that can support the transformation of their skills and organisations? (Dervill M., Bonnemaire J.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    plains and the Tibetan plateau. The yak herders (less than 5% of the population) occupy the Northern belt, highland farming system, supply chain, public policy Résumé -- Le Bhoutan s'étend des plaines subtropicales céréales assurent la subsistance des éleveurs. Il y a 50 ans le Bhoutan était encore un état médiéval isolé

  15. Brush Control and Range Improvement: In the Post Oak-Blackjack Oak Area of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darrow, Robert A.; McCully, Wayne G.

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limited amount of underbrush and such associated species as greenbrier, live oak and mesquite. A distinguishing feature of the fringe area is the abundance of buffalograss. Early settlers in the area report little bluestem as the principal species... produce little palatable forage. Productive bottom- land sites support stands of oaks, elm, pecan and bois d'arc with a forage cover of bluestems, Indiangrass, Canada wildrye and other climax species. EAST CROSS TIMBERS The oak belt characteristic...

  16. Pattern recognition of porphyry copper deposits in New Mexico and Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piatt, David Allan

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the explorationist must concentrate on a few parameters to eliminate irrelevant data. However, this paring down oversimplifies complex geologic features and could lead to misinterpretation of a rich ore body as barren. The computer can emulate the human... narrow belt of deformation with numerous plutonic stocks. The Sangre de Cristo mountains extend 110 miles into northwest New Mexico. These mountains are predominantly complex folds and overthrusts. The Sandia and Sacramento uplifts extend south from...

  17. Study of methods for greenways acquisition in city planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Sven Troy

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ). 15 2.4.2.2 Drawbacks of Fee-Simple Purchase While fee-simple purchases of land provide total control over the purchased land use, there are three disadvantages. First, full purchases of property are expensive and quickly deplete funds, limiting... of undeveloped land in a city setting. They include vegetation belts, creeks, rivers, floodplains and other natural features along public infrastructures. Public infrastructures consist of utility networks, roadways, rail corridors and other constructs...

  18. Comparison study of solid-liquid separation techniques for oilfield pit closures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wojtanowicz, A.C.; Field, S.D.; Osterman, M.C.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extensive bench-scale and full-scale experiments were conducted at the LSU Solids Control Environmental Laboratory in order to evaluate application of the solids-liquid separation technology to oilfield waste pit volume reduction. The experiments addressed chemical conditioning of various pit slurries such as water-base and oil-base mud reserve pit slurries, mixed sludge from offshore operations, and oil production pit slurry. Effective treatment was found for the majority of the waste samples with pH adjustment and with nonionic and low-charge anionic, high molecular weight polymers. Ultimate dewaterability of various samples was determined by use of the belt press bench simulator. Bench simulators of belt press filtration, vacuum filtration and centrifuge sedimentation were used for design and optimization of the full-scale tests. Alternative solid-liquid separation techniques such as vacuum filtration, belt press filtration, screw press filtration and centrifuging were pilot-tested using field-size equipment and 200 bbls samples of water-base mud, reserve pit slurry and production pit sludge. The test data were analyzed at various operating conditions using a new graphical technique. Also, four typical oilfield solid-bowl centrifuges and a modern solid-bowl dewatering decanter were compared in a series of full-scale tests. Finally a preliminary process study on the mechanism of centrifuge separation of flocculated sludges was performed.

  19. Signpost of Multiple Planets in Debris Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Kate Y L

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the nearby debris disk structures revealed by multi-wavelength images from Spitzer and Herschel, and complemented with detailed spectral energy distribution modeling. Similar to the definition of habitable zones around stars, debris disk structures should be identified and characterized in terms of dust temperatures rather than physical distances so that the heating power of different spectral type of stars is taken into account and common features in disks can be discussed and compared directly. Common features, such as warm (~150 K) dust belts near the water-ice line and cold (~50 K) Kuiper-belt analogs, give rise to our emerging understanding of the levels of order in debris disk structures and illuminate various processes about the formation and evolution of exoplanetary systems. In light of the disk structures in the debris disk twins (Vega and Fomalhaut), and the current limits on the masses of planetary objects, we suggest that the large gap between the warm and cold dust belts is the best si...

  20. Signatures of Planets in Spatially Unresolved Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Moro-Martin; S. Wolf; R. Malhotra

    2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Main sequence stars are commonly surrounded by debris disks, composed of cold dust continuously replenished by a reservoir of undetected dust-producing planetesimals. In a planetary system with a belt of planetesimals (like the Solar System's Kuiper Belt) and one or more interior giant planets, the trapping of dust particles in the mean motion resonances with the planets can create structure in the dust disk, as the particles accumulate at certain semimajor axes. Sufficiently massive planets may also scatter and eject dust particles out of a planetary system, creating a dust depleted region inside the orbit of the planet. In anticipation of future observations of spatially unresolved debris disks with the Spitzer Space Telescope, we are interested in studying how the structure carved by planets affects the shape of the disk's spectral energy distribution (SED), and consequently if the SED can be used to infer the presence of planets. We numerically calculate the equilibrium spatial density distributions and SEDs of dust disks originated by a belt of planetesimals in the presence of interior giant planets in different planetary configurations, and for a representative sample of chemical compositions. The dynamical models are necessary to estimate the enhancement of particles near the mean motion resonances with the planets, and to determine how many particles drift inside the planet's orbit. Based on the SEDs and predicted $\\it{Spitzer}$ colors we discuss what types of planetary systems can be distinguishable from one another and the main parameter degeneracies in the model SEDs.

  1. Optimizing recovery using on-line ash analyzers or sorting for dollars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litz, P.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quest for profitability in the complex coal industry requires continual examination of common practices looking for better and more cost effective methods of performing these tasks. As the available coal reserves become more difficult to mine and the quality decreases, this examination process grows in importance. Over the past fifteen years, we have all seen major changes in the methods used to mine, clean and load coal in an attempt to increase the bottom line and proliferate a safer work place. The long wall mining method has greatly increased the profitably of the larger mines that have the reserves and the seams suitable for this method. Bigger and faster conveyor belts have increased loading capacities and decreased time spent performing the task. New technology in the cleaning and preparation of coal has also assisted in increasing yield and thus decreasing the final cost of a ton of coal. What about the smaller mines that do not have the mining conditions or reserves for a longwall or the monetary resources to upgrade belt lines and preparation plants, they to must remain profitable. The on-line ash analyzer is one answer that is not only for the smaller mines but can show quick and substantial returns for the larger operations. The on-line ash analyzer is a nuclear device that is mounted directly on the conveyor belt to produce an instantaneous ash analysis on the coal as it moves beneath the detector. The on-line ash analyzer is described.

  2. Asteroid secular dynamics: Ceres' fingerprint identified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novakovi?, Bojan; Tsirvoulis, Georgios; Knezevi?, Zoran

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we report on the significant role of a so far overlooked dynamical aspect, namely a secular resonance between the dwarf planet Ceres and other asteroids. We demonstrate that this type of secular resonance can be the dominant dynamical factor in certain regions of the main asteroid belt. Specifically, we performed a dynamical analysis of the asteroids belonging to the (1726) Hoffmeister family. To identify which dynamical mechanisms are actually at work in this part of the main asteroid belt, i.e. to isolate the main perturber(s), we study the evolution of this family in time. The study is accomplished using numerical integrations of test particles performed within different dynamical models. The obtained results reveal that the post-impact evolution of the Hoffmeister asteroid family is a direct consequence of the nodal secular resonance with Ceres. This leads us to the conclusion that similar effects must exist in other parts of the asteroid belt. In this respect, the obtained results shed light on an i...

  3. Natural sources of mercury in arid and semiarid landscapes of western North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustin, M.S.; Taylor, G.E. Jr. [Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Environmental and Resource Sciences

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Mercury is enriched naturally in three global belts associated with areas in which Tertiary and Quaternary volcanism occurred. one belt, which occurs along the western margin of North America, contains concentrated and disseminated mercury occurrences in semiarid and arid biomes. Mercury enters the atmosphere from these landscapes through three processes: volatilization from enriched substrate, venting of geothermal systems, and resuspension. It is expected that the component of Hg deposited to arid landscapes through wet and dry deposition is negligible. Mercury fluxes to the atmosphere from arid and semiarid landscapes will be greater than that in more mesic environments because of the aridity and the daily amplitude in air temperatures. Resuspension may contribute significantly to the atmospheric burden of Hg due to eolian dispersal and subsequent evasion. To calculate the Hg flux from naturally enriched areas, the concentration, chemical form, and distribution of the Hg must be known. An understanding of the magnitude of natural Hg enrichment in global mercuriferous belts is important because the baseline for addressing human health and ecological risk is likely to be higher in these landscapes.

  4. Integrated Assessment of Hadley Centre (HadCM2) Climate-Change Impacts on Agricultural Productivity and Irrigation Water Supply in the Conterminous United States. Part II. Regional Agricultural Production in 2030 and 2095.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izaurralde, R Cesar C.; Rosenberg, Norman J.; Brown, Robert A.; Thomson, Allison M.

    2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study used scenarios of the HadCM2 GCM and the EPIC agroecosystem model to evaluate climate change impacts on crop yields and ecosystem processes. Baseline climate data were obtained from records for 1961-1990. The scenario runs for 2025-2034 and 2090-2099 were extracted from a HadCM2 run. EPIC was run on 204 representative farms under current climate and two 10-y periods centered on 2030 and 2095, each at CO2 concentrations of 365 and 560 ppm. Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and California are projected to experience significant temperature increases by 2030. Slight cooling is expected by 2030 in Alabama, Florida, Maine, Montana, Idaho, and Utah. Larger areas are projected to experience increased warming by 2095. Uniform precipitation increases are expected by 2030 in the NE. These increases are predicted to expand to the eastern half of the country by 2095. EPIC simulated yield increases for the Great Lakes, Corn Belt and Northeast regions. Simulated yields of irrigated corn yields were predicted to increase in almost all regions. Soybean yields could decrease in the Northern and Southern Plains, the Corn Belt, Delta, Appalachian, and Southeast regions and increase in the Lakes and Northeast regions. Simulated wheat yields exhibited upward yield trends under scenarios of climate change. National corn production in 2030 and 2095 could be affected by changes in three major producing regions. In 2030, corn production could increase in the Corn Belt and Lakes regions but decrease in the Northern Plains leading to an overall decrease in national production. National wheat production is expected to increase during both future periods. A proxy indicator was developed to provide a sense of where in the country, and when water would be available to satisfy change in irrigation demand for corn and alfalfa production as these are influenced by the HadCM2 scenarios and CO2-fertilization.

  5. Paleo-reconstruction of shelf-slope margin along San Emigdio Mountains, southern San Joaquin Valley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, K.R.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deformation along the San Emigdio Mountains, California, is characterized by large overthrust sheets that carried Eocene through Miocene nonmarine to shallow marine strata over their deeper marine equivalents. The Pleito thrust has at least 20,000 ft of throw and is the major structural feature of this overthrust belt. The upper plate of the Pleito thrust carries an extensively exposed block of three prograding sequences and, along strike, partially exposes the shelf-slope boundaries of these units. Equivalent changes are observed in the subsurface beneath the overthrust. Total crustal shortening along this region ranges from 25 to 50%, with most of the shortening taken up by the Pleito thrust. The thrust has a low-angle, ramp-and-glide configuration, but on the south, the strata eventually extend downward into basement. The northern boundary to the deformation belt is the White Wolf and Pioneer fold and thrust structures. These features form a transfer zone, where one structure ends and the other feature begins. The amplitude of these folds can be up to 10,000 ft from crest to trough. Because of the large overthrust of the Pleito thrust, reservoir rocks are found up to 7 mi south of the fault's surface trace in the lower plate. The buried strata lie south and west of producing fields along the White Wolf fault and the Tejon embayment. The complicated stratigraphic changes combined with the thrust-belt structures require retrodeformable crustal profiles to take into account the facies distributions to model the hydrocarbon potential of this lightly explored province.

  6. Depositional environments of Wood Siding Formation and Onaga Shale (Pennsylvanian-Permian), northeast Kansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisby, C.G.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern Kansas sedimentary deposits of the Wood Siding Formation and the Onaga Shale are recognized as products of Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian cyclic sedimentation. Reconstruction of depositional events associated with the units is important in understanding cyclic sedimentation in the Mid-Continent. In Kansas, the Wood Siding Formation-Onaga Shale outcrop belt trends nearly parallel to the Nemaha anticline in an approximately northeast-southwest direction. Detailed field studies of 26 stratigraphic sections (nine measured and described in detail) in the northeastern part of this belt provide the basis for interpretation of the depositional environments of the two formations. Results of this study indicate that variations in water depth/distance from shore, controlled by late Paleozoic structural features and eustatic sea level changes, were the major factors controlling sedimentation. On the basis of lithologic and paleontologic characteristics, four fifth-order transgressive-regressive (T-R) units, with periodicities of 300,000 to 500,000 years, have been identified within the Wood Siding Formation and the Onaga Shale. At least five sixth-order T-R units, with periodicities of 50,000 to 130,000 years or less, have also been identified within the two formations. The boundaries between sixth-order T-R units are represented by thin, laterally persistent marine units or by climate change surfaces. Paleogeographic reconstructions, based on the correlation of sixth-order T-R units, provide strong evidence for a northeast-southwest-trending shoreline during Wood Siding-Onaga time. The most marine sedimentary rocks are in the southern part of the study area and contain a diverse marine fossil assemblage. Channel facies with pyritized and coalified plant fossils are more common in the northern part of the outcrop belt and suggest marshy to swampy depositional conditions.

  7. Cyclicity and stacking patterns in Carboniferous strata of the Black Warrior Foreland Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashin, J.C. [Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cyclicity in Carboniferous stratigraphic successions has long been attributed to tectonism and climate, but the ways these variables interact to determine the architecture of sedimentary basin fills remain a subject of intense debate. Geophysical well logs and cores from the Black Warrior basin were used to test the effects of tectonism and climate on cyclicity and stacking patterns in a foreland-basin setting. The Black Warrior basin formed in Carboniferous time by diachronous tectonic loading of the Alabama continental promontory along the Appalachian-Ouachita juncture. Climatic changes affecting the basin during this time include drift of southeastern North America from the arid southern tradewind belt toward the humid equatorial belt, as well as the onset of a major Gondwana glaciation just prior to the end of the Chesterian. The fill of the Black Warrior basin comprises carbonate and coal-bearing depositional cycles, and the composition, frequency, and stacking patterns of those cycles reflect dynamically interwoven tectonic and climatic factors. Tectonic loading evidently gave rise to flexural movements that determined cycle stacking patterns by controlling spatial and temporal variation of subsidence rate. Evolving tectonic highlands, moreover, fostered a shift from cratonic to orogenic sources of terrigenous elastic sediment, thereby affecting stratal geometry. Climate, by contrast, regulated the composition and frequency of the cycles. The transition from carbonate-bearing cycles with oxidized, calcic paleosols to coal-bearing cycles with reduced, histic paleosols reflects drift of southeastern North America into the humid equatorial belt. Change of average cycle duration from 1.3 m.y. to less than 0.4 m.y. corresponds with the onset of Gondwana glaciation, suggesting significant climatic forcing of sea level variation.

  8. Tectonic setting and origin of the Black Warrior basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, W.A.; Whiting, B.M. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Black Warrior basin has a triangular outline that is framed by the Ouachita thrust belt on the southwest, the Appalachian thrust belt on the southeast, and the North American craton on the north. The stratigraphy of the Black Warrior basin includes two distinct parts: a Cambrian-Mississippian passive-margin carbonate-shelf succession, and a Mississippian-Pennsylvanian clastic succession, the lower (Mississippian) part of which grades northeastward into a carbonate-shelf facies. The provenance and dispersal system of the Mississippian-Pennsylvanian clastic deposits have been interpreted in four different ways, each of which has significantly different implications for origin of the basin: (1) Ouachita orogenic source and northeastward prograding; (2) Alabama Appalachian orogenic source and northwestward prograding; (3) Georgia-tennessee Appalachian orogenic source and westward prograding; and (4) cratonic source and southward prograding. Subsidence history determined from calculations of decompacted thickness indicates that (1) the Black Warrior basin is an orogenic foreland basin related primarily to the Ouachita thrust load on the southwest; (2) later emplacement of the Alabama Appalachian thrust belt modified the southeastern side of the Ouachita-related Black Warrior foreland basin; and (3) a separate foreland basin, representing the southern end of the Appalachian foreland basin, formed in response to the Georgia-Tennessee Appalachian thrust load. The previously used criteria do not necessarily support a unique interpretation, but synthesizing these data with subsidence history leads to the conclusion that the Black Warrior basin is a tectonically driven, orogenic foreland basin dominated by Ouachita thrusting and modified by Appalachian thrusting.

  9. Cost Benefit Analysis Modeling Tool for Electric vs. ICE Airport Ground Support Equipment – Development and Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Francfort; Kevin Morrow; Dimitri Hochard

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents efforts to develop a computer tool for modeling the economic payback for comparative airport ground support equipment (GSE) that are propelled by either electric motors or gasoline and diesel engines. The types of GSE modeled are pushback tractors, baggage tractors, and belt loaders. The GSE modeling tool includes an emissions module that estimates the amount of tailpipe emissions saved by replacing internal combustion engine GSE with electric GSE. This report contains modeling assumptions, methodology, a user’s manual, and modeling results. The model was developed based on the operations of two airlines at four United States airports.

  10. Notes on Forest and Ornamental Trees on the Grounds of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, H. (Helge)

    1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    38.2- ruis-lorn TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. BULLETIN NO. 105. JUNE, 1908. NOTES ON FOREST AND ORNAMENTAL TREES ON THE GROUN1)S OF THE RAL AND MECHANICAL CO LLEGE OF TTE H. NESS, ASSISTANT HORTLCULTURIST. POSTOFFICE COLLEGE... and quite luxuriant character. The annual rainfall at College varies between 36 and 40 inches, or about the same as that of the western half of the great forest belt of East Texas. The temperature has varied during the time that our trees have been under...

  11. Computer Playback Issue 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downes, Gerry

    made a small slapping motion, fasten:Lnc; his pretend pha seI' to his non-existant weapon belt. "Okay, Jimmy, you got your chance." Brian grabbed George's arm and started pulling him off toward the trees. "George's captured. And you gotta rescue him...'mon, stop cryine;. It's all right." George wiped off Jimmy's face and pushed the hair back out of his eyes. He got up to a kneeling position and slapped at his shoulder. "C'mon, climb on up, I'll give you a ride home." Jimmy brightened a little...

  12. Reflections on Wealth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    ’ve just been doing a course in biology and ecology. There was a lot of talk about how resources are limited, eco-systems under strain, economic laws which lead us to produce less over time. Though I understood some of it, I’d really be grateful if you... , mountains and semi-deserts. – great belt from N.Africa, through the middle East to Himalayas and Mongolia Among the main features they exhibit are: a division of labour according to sex: men herd animals, women milk, do the house-work, procreation...

  13. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    farmer to use a combina- tion of Ordram and Propanil to control sprangletop in rice fields. For this discovery, the company that manu- factured the chemicals sent Russell and his wife Theresa on a trip to the Bahamas. Tank mixing these continued on next... climate than hogs and corn. 6 Grower Profile continued... two chemicals is now common practice, and has been a tremendous benefit to farmers throughout the rice belt. It was shortly after this trip that Theresa died of cancer, leaving behind Russell...

  14. Stabilized PV system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Piedmont, CA)

    2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A stabilized PV system comprises an array of photovoltaic (PV) assemblies mounted to a support surface. Each PV assembly comprises a PV module and a support assembly securing the PV module to a position overlying the support surface. The array of modules is circumscribed by a continuous, belt-like perimeter assembly. Cross strapping, extending above, below or through the array, or some combination of above, below and through the array, secures a first position along the perimeter assembly to at least a second position along the perimeter assembly thereby stabilizing the array against wind uplift forces. The first and second positions may be on opposite sides on the array.

  15. The effect of phosphoric acid on the absorption of carbon dioxide into solutions of methyldiethanolamine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordi, Eric Marshall

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of time (Dankwerts, 1951). The rate of gas absorption is the average of the rates of absorption for each individual element. Unlike the two-film theory, the reaction plane is not fixed in space and varies with time. In addition, the surface renewal... and inner assemblies rotate in synchronization. Power for the rotation of the shaft was provided by a Reliance model 716097-SB electric motor connected to a 1/2-inch rubber drive belt. The motor was rated at 1/4 horsepower and 2500 rpm for 25 continuous...

  16. Fruiting and Shedding of Cotton in Relation to Light and Other Limiting Factors.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlap, A. A. (Albert Atkinson)

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sunshine as a third donlinant factor essential for high yielcls of this crop and he has shown that the well established cotton fields of the ~~orld lie within the belts of "minimum cloud zones", namely, hetween 10" and 35" N and 12" and 35" S latitudes.... For esample) data taken by McDowell (40, 41) at the Iowa Park substation, under irrigated conditions, from 1932 to 1942 show that those years during 6 BULLETIN- NO. 677, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 1 which the highest rainfalls were recorded were...

  17. Feasibility study for bagasse congeneration in Kenya. Final report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture. The purpose of the report is to determine the economic, technical, and financial viability of implementing bagasse based cogeneration projects in Kenya. The study is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Terms of Reference, (3) Bagasse Fuel for Generation, (4) The Electrical Power Situation in Kenya, (5) Export Electricity Potential from Nyando Sugar Belt, (6) Export Potential from Proposed New Sugar Factories; (7) Financial, (8) Project Financing, (9) Demonstration Project.

  18. An experimental study of heat transfer in the rectangular coolant passages of a gas turbine rotor blade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddin, Mohammed Jalal

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Rotating hollow shaft 3. Belt drive 4. Bearing 5. Chasis of the experimental rig 6. Horizontal rotating arm 7. Test section inside the rotating arm 8. Air supply 9. Rotary connector for air supply 10. Slip ring assembly Fig. 2. 1 Schematic.... This is correlated by Dittus- Boelter/McAdams (Rohsenow and Choi, 1961) as Nu hD 1 Nu k . (0. 023 Re" Pr") (2) The Prandtl number, Pr, for air is 0. 71. Air properties are taken based on the mean bulk temperature. 2. 3 Uncertainty The uncertainty of the local...

  19. Basic Marketing of Texas Cotton: Forward Contracts, Cash Sales, Marketing Pools, and the USDA Loan Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, John; Park, John; Smith, Jackie; Anderson, Carl

    2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    as consider hedging with futures and options. Forward Contracts A forward contract is a legal agreement that specifi es either the price or the basis for a quantity (either bales or acreage) and quality of cotton delivered by a future date. Cotton merchants... use forward contracts to guarantee minimum supplies at an established price in order to make sale commitments to end users. Forward contracts are not used in Texas as much as in other parts of the Cotton Belt (Table 1) because the contracting...

  20. Instrumental Methods for Professional and Amateur Collaborations in Planetary Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousis, O; Beaulieu, J -P; Bouley, S; Carry, B; Colas, F; Klotz, A; Pellier, C; Petit, J -M; Rousselot, P; Dib, M Ali; Beisker, W; Birlan, M; Buil, C; Delsanti, A; Frappa, E; Hammel, H B; Levasseur-Regourd, A -C; Orton, G S; Sanchez-Lavega, A; Santerne, A; Tanga, P; Vaubaillon, J; Zanda, B; Baratoux, D; Boehm, T; Boudon, V; Bouquet, A; Buzzi, L; Dauvergne, J -L; Decock, A; Delcroix, M; Drossart, P; Esseiva, N; Fischer, G; Fletcher, L N; Foglia, S; Gomez-Forrellad, J M; Guarro-Flo, J; Herald, D; Kugel, F; Lebreton, J -P; Lecacheux, J; Leroy, A; Maquet, L; Masi, G; Maury, A; Meyer, F; Pérez-Hoyos, S; Rajpurohit, A S; Rinner, C; Rogers, J H; Roques, F; Schmude,, R W; Sicardy, B; Tregon, B; Vanhuysse, M; Wesley, A; Widemann, T

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amateur contributions to professional publications have increased exponentially over the last decades in the field of Planetary Astronomy. Here we review the different domains of the field in which collaborations between professional and amateur astronomers are effective and regularly lead to scientific publications. We discuss the instruments, detectors, softwares and methodologies typically used by amateur astronomers to collect the scientific data in the different domains of interest. Amateur contributions to the monitoring of planets and interplanetary matter, characterization of asteroids and comets, as well as the determination of the physical properties of Kuiper Belt Objects and exoplanets are discussed.