Sample records for belize benin bermuda

  1. An environmental assessment of Bermuda's caves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Darcy Ann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The current environmental status of the majority of Bermuda?s one hundred sixty-six known caves was investigated. This survey replicated a historical cave study performed in 1983, wherein each was analyzed for positive ...

  2. Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and...

  3. The Ceramics of Kichpanha, Northern Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Kathryn Victoria

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :variety-mode study and a petrographic analysis of the ceramic assemblage from Kichpanha, a Maya settlement in Northern Belize, is herein presented. The objective of the type:variety-mode study is to provide a ceramic chronology for the site and a means of inter... identifiable sherds from the Preclassic complexes. The primary research focus of the petrographic analysis is to define quantifiable paste classification categories for the Preclassic. The paste classes and the type:variety-mode classes are compared...

  4. The Bermuda Testbed Mooring and HALE-ALOHA Mooring Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Grace C.

    developed at the BTM and H-A sites are reviewed, and 3) a few of the recent scientific results-biofouling techniques and hardware, and data telemetry systems. For example, a new interdisciplinary surface buoy design multi-wavelength Figure 1. Photographs of the buoys used for the Bermuda Testbed Mooring (left) and HALE

  5. People and Forests: a case study from Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Erika Beth

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work is to demonstrate how sacred forests in Benin, West Africa, contribute to forest conservation. Local use of natural resources is well-practiced in maintaining wooded space; the same use of those ...

  6. Stygologia 2 (112) 1986, E. J. Brill, Leiden MESOZOIC RELICTS IN MARINE CAVES OF BERMUDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    .S.A. 2, Bermuda Biological Station, Ferry Reach 1-15, Bermuda. #12;lava tube in the Canary Islands (Yager, 1981) and later found in the same lava tube containing Munidopsis in the Canary Islands (Iliffe, occurring primarily on oceanic islands. One aspect of the findings of these and related, earlier studies has

  7. Microaftershock survey of the 1978 Bermuda rise earthquake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishenko, S.P.; Purdy, G.M.; Ewing, J.I.

    1982-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    On March 24, 1978, a magnitude 6.0 intraplate earthquake occurred 380 km southwest of Bermuda near magnetic anomaly M4 (roughly-equal118 m.y.B.P.). A catalog of seismicity for the Bermuda rise indicates that this is an area of significant intraplate seismicity in the western North Atlantic Ocean. The fault plane solution for the 1978 event is of thrust type and strikes 340/sup 0/, in an intermediate direction to the trends of major fracture zones (300/sup 0/) and abyssal hill topography (035/sup 0/) in the area. The P axis of this mechanism is nearly horizontal and trends 259/sup 0/, subparallel to the absolute plate motion vector for North America. Aftershock activity was detected teleseismically for approximately 8 months after March 24, and the entire sequence is best described as a prolonged mainshock-aftershock series. During June 18--28, 1978, we conducted a microaftershock survey of the area using ocean bottom hydrophones and recorded 250 events (0Bermuda rise may be responsible for triggering intraplate seismicity in this region.

  8. Assessing the Impact of Groundwater Pollution from Marine Caves on Nearshore Seagrass Beds in Bermuda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cate, Jenipher R.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This investigation characterized karstic and nearshore environments of Bermuda to describe 1) behavior and periodicity of cave springs; 2) submarine spring water quality; and 3) nearshore marine seagrass density. Caves can ...

  9. L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activit 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapport d'activité 2010 BENIN #12;L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activité 2010 I'IRD AU NIGERIA p. 59 IV- L'IRD AU TOGO p. 61 Annexe 1 Publications Annexe 2 Organigramme Annexe 3 Budget

  10. Notes on the History and Morphosyntactic Characteristics of Spanish in Northern Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balam, Osmer

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Chloros (2007). Compound Verbs in Code-switching: Bilinguals Making Do? International Journal of Bilingualism 11: 73–91. Escobar, Anna María (2010). El español de los Estados Unidos. In José I. Hualde, Antxon Olarrea, Anna M. Escobar & Catherine E. Travis (eds..., Timothy W. (1996). The influence of English on the Spanish language of Belize, in M. D. Phillips (ed.), Belize: Selected Proceedings from the Second Interdisciplinary Conference. Lanham, MD, University Press of America. 131-142. Holm, John (1989). Pidgins...

  11. Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    1 Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West.J.S. SONNEVELD [1] Institute of Hydraulic Engineering, Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany (Roland Conservation University of Bonn, Germany [3] Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, University

  12. Fertilizer Experiments with Yellow Bermuda Onions in the Winter Garden Region of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawthorn, L. R. (Leslie Rushton)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS/AGRICULTURAL _-- - EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, 'I'EXAS BULLETIN NO. 524 ___ . - --- MARCH, 1936 -" DIVISION OF HORTICULTURE FERTILIZER EXPERIMENTS WITH YELLOW BERMUDA ONIONS IN THE WINTER... GARDEN REGION OF TEXAS AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President Phosphoric acid had the most effeqt on yields, nitrogen was the nest most effective, and potash had practically no effect in four years of fertilizer...

  13. Isotopic evidence for source changes of nitrate in rain at Bermuda Meredith Galanter Hastings and Daniel M. Sigman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigman, Daniel M.

    ), or nitrate (NO3 Ã? ), is a significant contributor to acid rain, an important species in marineIsotopic evidence for source changes of nitrate in rain at Bermuda Meredith Galanter Hastings O is 68.6% and 76.9% (versus Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water). The few cool season rain events

  14. Analyses and simulations of the upper ocean's response to Hurricane Felix at the Bermuda Testbed Mooring site: 1323 August 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Sara Irina

    Analyses and simulations of the upper ocean's response to Hurricane Felix at the Bermuda Testbed; 31°440 N, 64°100 W) site on 15 August 1995. Data collected in the upper ocean from the BTM during. The MY2 model predicted more sea surface cooling and greater depth penetration of kinetic energy than

  15. Mesoscale variability in time series data: Satellite-based estimates for the U.S. JGOFS Bermuda Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesoscale variability in time series data: Satellite-based estimates for the U.S. JGOFS Bermuda TOPEX/Poseidon­ERS-1/2) are used to characterize, statistically, the mesoscale variability about the U to better understand the contribution of mesoscale eddies to the time series record and the model- data

  16. Pollen from Laguna Verde, Blue Creek, Belize: Implications for Paleoecology, Paleoethnobotany, Agriculture, and Human Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Mckenzie

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    includes a small part of southern Campeche and the northeastern corner of Pet?n, though the Maya Research Program permit area is confined to the country of Belize. Geological origins and topographic features are shared throughout the Three Rivers Region...:99, 218). Some ceramics picture the taking of ceremonial enemas, and glyphs indicate that the liquid injected may have been the intoxicating fermented agave beverage, chih (Coe 2005:219). At Calakmul, Campeche, 18 the royal corpse of kind ?Fiery...

  17. Sedimentology and Holocene stratigraphy of a carbonate mangrove buildup, Twin Cays, Belize, Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Gregor Benton

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEDIMENTOLOGY AND HOLOCENE STRATIGRAPHY OF A CARBONATE MANGROVE BUILDUP, TWIN CAYS, BELIZZ, CENTRAL AMERICA A Thesis by GREGOR BENTON BOND Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December l988 Major Subject; Geology SEDIMENTOLOGY AND HOLOCENE STRATIGRAPHY OP A CARBONATE MANGROVE BUILDUP, TWIN CAYS, BELIZE, CENTRAL AMERICA A Thesis by GREGOR BENTON BOND Approved as to style and content by: Anne...

  18. Geotechnical properties of sediments from North Pacific and Northern Bermuda Rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silva, A.J.; Laine, E.P.; Lipkin, J.; Heath, G.R.; Akers, S.A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of geotechnical properties for the Sub-seabed Disposal Program have been oriented toward sediment characterization related to effectiveness as a containment media and determination of detailed engineering behavior. Consolidation tests of the deeper samples in the North Pacific clays indicate that the sediment column is normally consolidated. The in-situ coefficient of permeability (k) within the cored depth of 25 meters is relatively constant at 10/sup -7/ cm/sec. Consolidated undrained (CIU) triaxial tests indicate stress-strain properties characteristic of saturated clays with effective angles of friction of 35/sup 0/ for smectite and 31/sup 0/ for illite. These results are being used in computer modeling efforts. Some general geotechnical property data from the Bermuda Rise are also discussed.

  19. A functional analysis of two lithic tool collections from Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash, Michael Anthony

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 74 83 86 vi i i LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. The Maya Area . . . . . . . ~ . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 2. Northern Bel i ze Figure 3. Maya Lithic Forms of Northern Belize Figure 4. Operation 2011, Suboperations I, 2, and 14 page 5 11 25... 20 IOOX LOWL A ND S BECAN cE Roe Ie COLM' 18 ~LENOUE UAXACT PIEDITAS NESNAS TIX4L ~ 16 l6 G g I I I 1 I ~ KAMIHALJUYU I, C0 PAN 90 ee Figure 1: The Maya Area calendar, a ritual game played with a rubber ball on an oval court...

  20. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  1. Effects of variable nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with and without magnesium sulfate on the availability of soil nutrients and the percentage composition and yield of Coastal Bermuda grass forage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, Nathan Jackson

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF VARIABLE NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS TREATMENTS WITH AND WITHOUT MAGNESIUM SULFATE ON THE AVAILABILITY OF SOIL NUTRIENTS AND THE PERCENI'AGE COMPOSITION AND YIELD OF COASTAL BERMUDA GRASS FORAGE A Thesis Nathan J ~ Cain Approved...'i~see o ' . ~lant tissue data IV. Analysis of variance of soil phosphorus (P) data V. Analysis of variance of' soil calcium (Ca) data VI. Analysis of variance of soil magnesium (Mg) data VII. Analysis of variance of scil potassium (K) data 34 35 36...

  2. An environmental assessment of Bermuda's caves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Darcy Ann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    selected caves, three from each class. Each sample was analyzed for nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia concentrations. The results were analyzed using multiple analysis of variance statistics. A significant difference between the nitrate concentrations...

  3. Bermuda: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to:formelyTreeBerlin,

  4. Mapping Savanna Land Change of Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Lauren

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    was assessed using a confusion matrix. The results of the research confirmed the capabilities of Landsat imagery for mapping savannas and their land use. The classification of forest and savanna along with major land use pressures from agriculture...

  5. Belize: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation,

  6. Benin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBayBelmont County, Ohio:Bendersville,

  7. Benin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources of Funding: Case StudyAfrica

  8. Lost in the Bermuda Triangle: Energy, Complexity, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albonesi, David H.

    · Exotic cooling techniques · e.g. spray-evaporative cooling · Packaging cost and cooling requirements · Verification · Risk · Static vs. Dynamic logic · Verification time · Cooling requirements · Competitiveness... to reduce complexity? #12;Design Complexity Aggressive implementation techniques (speculation, O-o-O, etc

  9. Cultural Experiments with Yellow Bermuda Onions under Irrigation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawthorn, L. R. (Leslie Rushton)

    1938-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year to year. Previous to the 1935-36 season there were three replications of each treatment. Beginning with that season the replications were in- creased to four. The frequency of irrigation experiments were planted in plats 109 feet long... on the numbers of plants of the various sizes. 1932-33: 1933-34: 1034-35: I I 1935-36: I 19313-37: Direct Field Sowing vs. Transplanting: In the first season of this test the seed was sown on the same day (September 19) in both the seedbed and the field...

  10. HOLLISTER, G. 1936. Caudal skeleton of Bermuda shallow water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and March 1970. Procedure The velocity of the river current was measured with a Savonius meter' suspended

  11. Bermuda Dunes, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouth Carolina: EnergyConnecticut: EnergyBerlín Geothermal

  12. A late classic Maya lithic workshop at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roemer, Erwin

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ous "stages" of manufacturing. Simple reduction models are offerred for two major tool classes: oval bi faces and stemmed blades. Descriptive statistics are part of the morphological data used to support this part of the analysis. Craft... Introduction Review of the Study Reconstruction of Events Problems of Analysis REFERENCES CITED APPENDICES Appendix 1. Biface Coding Format Appendix 2. Blade Coding Format Appendix 3. Blade Core Coding Format VITA 293 293 293 295 296 302 334...

  13. Land Use Change Detection of Lowland Savanna in Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Savanna ecosystems cover one fifth of the earth’s usable land and are home to billions of people and species. The ecosystem is threatened by human activities to a large extent, for instance, by grazing livestock, agriculture and fire management...

  14. Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Belize-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy | Open Energy Information

  17. Benin-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBayBelmont County, Ohio:Bendersville,Increased Access to

  19. Effects of monensin on intake, digestibility, gastrointestinal fill and flow in cattle grazing coastal bermuda pasture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pond, Kevin Roy

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    marker. Chromium, Erbium and Ytterbium markers were administered to the feed and used to estimate fecal output and rate of passage. Monensin increased (P &. . 01) digestibility of organic matter by 3. 7/ (1), 7. 4X (2) and 4. 9/ (3); it numberically... MEANS DETERMINED WITH ERBIUM, CHROM- IUM AND YTTERBIUM FECAL OUTPUT DERIVED FROM FORAGE AS DETERMINED BY ERBIUM, CHROMIUM AND YTTERBIUM DOSES 26 27 FORAGE ORGANIC MATTFR DIGESTIBILITY BY GRAZING CATTLE AS DFTERMINED WITH FRBIUM, CHROMIUM...

  20. Assessing the Impact of Groundwater Pollution from Marine Caves on Nearshore Seagrass Beds in Bermuda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cate, Jenipher R.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    changing environment suitable for a mixture of seagrass species. Higher dissolved inorganic nutrient concentrations were associated with locations lacking seagrass. This study found 1) cave springs connected groundwater and nearshore seagrass ecosystems...

  1. Anomalously thin transition zone and apparently isotropic upper mantle beneath Bermuda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for upwelling Margaret H. Benoit Department of Physics, College of New Jersey, Ewing, New Jersey, USA (benoit@tcnj.edu) Maureen D. Long Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Scott D analyze shear wave splitting measurements to estimate mantle flow direction and receiver function stacks

  2. The influence of curing time on the keeping quality of Bermuda onions in refrigerated storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mack, Harry John

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'hest sex'los o" ticle reaaltioIr in a oscar'. xiuo~ t:1a rr n Or'p Q 'p vaa; s'I:! r I. I-l '. U ' '. ' . o . ' - . o ". '"013. O'T ', 1 I . "'. l. ' o ': rr ", o o; l . n'''oo !c'l o. . ) IIr: "c 'a 1 Ol ' VOTr'. . ; C, !a it-, ; in ", rJ C O'I 8' O...

  3. A Hydrological Model of Harrington Sound, Bermuda and its Surrounding Cave Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffer, Jonathan L

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    delay and dampening the tidal range to 35% of those on the coast. By comparing the tidal amplitude and surface area of Harrington Sound, tidal exchange can be determined. Past research has shown Flatts Inlet only supplies the Sound with about half of its...

  4. Coral facies and diagenesis of a Pleistocene patch reef, Ambergris Cay, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Karen Lee

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /swash zone cementation, as well as abundant primary and secondary porosity and well-preserved skeletal mineralogy. Pleistocene submarine cements include acicular aragonite and magnesium-calcite peloids. Many corals were encrusted by dense, intercalated... microporosity that is partially filled by anhedral submicrocrystalline calcite. Some porosity is lined by isopachous, subhedral to euhedral microcrystalline calcite (possibly once submarine magnesium calcite). Rarely, coral sclerodermites are replaced...

  5. Preliminary Study of Pesticide Drift into the Maya Mountain Protected Areas of Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Kristine

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the application of agrochemicals. The purpose of thisregions, application of agrochemicals to crops is common.less impacted by agrochemicals from regions surrounding

  6. Conservation of Antillean manatees in the Drowned Cayes area of Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Caryn Self

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    thank the many Belizean scientists and naturalists who listened carefully to my problems and offered valuable advice over the years--especially Nicole Auil, Angeline Valentine, Greg Smith, Kevin Andrewin, Chocolate Heredia, Janet Gibson, Natalie... in distribution was driven by availability of fresh water, a hypothesis that is supported by research in Florida where manatees are thought to be dependent on access to fresh water for osmoregulation (Hartman 1979; but see Hill & Reynolds 1989; Ortiz et al...

  7. The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwake, Sonja Andrea

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Ancient Maya Use of Slate. Antiquity 69:337-348. Healy,1999 Investigations at the Slate Altar Group in the Easterncapstones of the vault were slate slabs (Joyce 1927:323).

  8. The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwake, Sonja Andrea

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    entirely, exposing older granite. Some of the highest peakslevel include many raw slate fragments, two granite metatefragments, three granite mano fragments, a chert thin biface

  9. A description and analysis of Early Postclassic lithic technology at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaels, George Hubert

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Mesoamerica South- South- Neso- Ama- east west aaa. rica Chibcha Andes zonia cultivation ceramics corn beans squash human sacrifice potato blowgun head trophies cannibalism confession cultivation by men stone or clay const. sandals cotton... which determine the environment of Meso- america are the physiography and the climate. These factors in turn affect the forms and types of ecosystems of which the present and past human inhabitants of the region are/were a part. Physiographically...

  10. The El Salvadoran refugee move to Belize: a geographic study of refugee migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Charles Scott

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information on the individual refugee not alluded to in the schedule-based survey, was available through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Their study, entitled El Salvad r: A ricul- tural ect r Asses en 1 77 (1977), provides... use and ownership of the land by the majority rural poor are central to the future political and economic life of El Salvador. Thomas R Anderson's T e W r of he Di e Hond ras nd E~ll 968 (l981) * i I gi 1 dit' *' I ' Fl S I 4 that resulted...

  11. Identifying and assessing areas for pine woodland regeneration in the lowland savannas of Southern Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsigiannis, Panagiotis

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (savanna woodlands) into open grasslands and shrubland formations with low regeneration of pine. The understanding of the relationship between pine savannas and various environmental factors is critical in devising sustainable management and conservation...

  12. The human skeletal remains of a skull pit at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massey, Virginia Kehrer

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in water for hundreds of years. Bone excavated from the acid tropical soil of the region is invariably fragmented and chemically eroded. Reconstruction could minimize the damage caused by breakage were it not for chemical erosion, but here, after... at one time are no longer present. The chemical activity also makes the entire bone more fragile and subject to crushing. Added to the chemical and physical damage are the destructive effects of plant roots and gnawing invertebrates. All...

  13. Coral facies and diagenesis of a Pleistocene patch reef, Ambergris Cay, Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Karen Lee

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - crystalline acicular aragonite cement in secondary interparticle porosity. 48 50 24 25 Thin section photomicrograph of randomly oriented extremely fine crystalline to microcrystalline acicular aragonite cement filling dissolution enhanced boring... appearance of Halimeda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 33 SEM photomicrograph of dense mesh of vadose calcite whisker (needle) crystals 63 34 A. Thin section photomicmgraph showing vadose calcite whisker crystals in dissolution enhanced...

  14. Forest Cover and Deforestation in Belize: 1980-2010 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPowerBeanBeijingEnergy

  16. Detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans in the Environment Predicts Prevalence of Buruli Ulcer in Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Heather R.; Benbow, Mark Eric; Campbell, Lindsay P.; Johnson, Christian R.; Sopoh, Ghislain; Barogui, Yves; Merritt, Richard W.; Small, Pamela L. C.

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Mycobacterium ulcerans is the causative agent of Buruli ulcer (BU). In West Africa there is an association between BU and residence in low-lying rural villages where aquatic sources are plentiful. Infection occurs through unknown...

  17. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  18. Benin-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources of Funding: Case Study

  19. Benin-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources of Funding: Case StudyAfrica |

  20. Youth Sexual Risk-Taking in Latin America: Implications for Public Health and Policy in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunning, Denise Raquel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Económicas, S.A. (Ivie). PRB World Population Data Sheet20Sexual%20Education.pdf. PRB World Population Data Sheet20Sexual%20Education.pdf. PRB World Population Data Sheet

  1. The interpretation of Postclassic lithic production patterns at Colha, Belize through a synthetic analysis of archaeological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jason Wallace

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    directly to subsistence practices, the disjunction observed in manufacturing technique between Classic and Postclassic period stone tool production assemblages is more enigmatic. The events leading to Colha's abandonment and subsequent reoccupation...

  2. Constructive hierarchy through entitlement: inequality in lithic resource access among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jason Wallace

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    assisted in my field excavations and laboratory analyses over that past four years. The contributions of Ira McDaniel and Gwyneth MacCubbin are particularly worthy of mention. Kim A. Cox has been a friend and supporter from the moment I joined the Blue... ...............................................171 Laboratory Data Collection ...............................................................171 Procedures .............................................................................172 Raw Material Sourcing...

  3. A GIS-based Spatial Model for Predicting Habitat Suitability for Juvenile Mutton Snapper (Lutjanus analis) in Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    redes de Áreas Marinas Protegidas. Este trabajo evalúa el uso del enfoque ecosistémico en el manejo. Parámetros ecosistémicos de entrada incluyeron tipo de habitat marino, distancia de nado a los sitios de

  4. Modelling the Distributions and Richness of Lowland Savanna Plant Species in Belize using a Maximum-Entropy Approach. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollings, Felicity J.

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    , and analyses showed the most species-rich savanna as the least suitable areas for agriculture. In addition, the current protected areas were compared against the proposed areas for conservation, and showed overlap of up to 26%....

  5. Telling friends from foes : strontium isotope and trace element analysis of companion burials from Pusilhá, Toledo District, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somerville, Andrew D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000 Differential Diagenesis of Strontium in ArchaeologicalStates: Effects of Diagenesis on Fossil Tooth Chemistry.is much more prone to diagenesis than enamel (Budd, et al.

  6. Evaluation of Natural Markers to Assess Cross-Shelf Connectivity of MesoAmerican Reef Fish Populations in Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetmore, Lynne S.

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    -optimal temperature and salinity conditions within back-reef systems, resulting in osmoregulatory stress and increased energy requirements for nursery occupants (Aleem 1972; Nichols et al. 1986). Additionally, trophic production from both allochthonous and local... fragments. For obvious reasons, manual removal of carbonate components from benthic diatom and POM samples was not possible, and several previous studies have noted depletions (generally 0-1‰) in ?13C for benthic microalgae (including diatoms...

  7. Original article Effect of oven -heat and boiling on the germination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria University of Benin Department of Botany, P.MB, 1154, Benin City, Nigeria (Received 24 February 1999; accepted 31 August 1999) Abstract - Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight- est germination percentage and energy (94 %; 85 %). Treatment for 40 s also gave good results

  8. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  9. Piecewise Affine Control for Fast Unmanned Ground Vehicles Andre Benine-Neto1 and Christophe Grand1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    be taken into account into the design of steering controllers for autonomous vehicles. This paper presents the design of a state feedback piecewise affine controller applied to an UGV to coordinate the steering shows development of PWA model used in the control synthesis, developed from a commonly used single

  10. Effects of soil treatments supplemented with two rates of magnesium sulfate on the availability of soil nutrients and on the yield and chemical composition of coastal Bermuda grass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evatt, Nathan S

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    32 5. 32 7. 47 5-32 4. 44 3. 29 4. 14 4. 14 4. 14 4. 14 3-29 3. 29 4. 14 3. 29 2. 89 Dates (D) grror "b" 5 550 56'? 96'' 22. 46 247, 148. 97 6. 99 3. 86 NxD P xD Kg x D N xP x D NxygxD PxIdgxD NxPxYIgxD 'rror sos 6 3 3 6.... 37 1. 11 . 82 3. 55 5. 32 7. 47 7. 47 5. 32 5. 32 7. 47 5. 32 4. 44 3. 29 4. 14 3. 29 3. 29 4. 14 3. 29 2. 89 Error "a" Dates (D) Error "b" 33 437. 08 2, 340. 08 259, 15 9, 03 34 12 10, 13 NxD PxD Ngx. D N xP xD NxYigxD P x...

  11. JOUKNAI, OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 98. NO. D7. PAGES 12.673-12.685, JULY 20. 1993 Aerosol Selenium at Bermuda and Barbados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    constant concentration in deep waters (Boyle et al. 1976, Bruland & Franks 1983).This distribution is prima ocean (-10 pM Zn', -1 pM Cd'; Bruland 1989, 1992) al- though Cd cannot completely replace Zn. Over

  12. High-moisture grain and high-moisture hay (haylage) for growing and fattening beef cattle and the value of pelleting coastal bermuda hay for growing beef cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franke, Harold William

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sudaa haylage as tbe rsughsgs. Durieg the gcowiag period cha coug}aagss were fod tree shoisag aed tho grates woes fad oa s ltaltsd bssi, ~ to supply culual aasuaCs of dry wetter ia the wst sad dry graies. Suriag ths fattoaieg period, ths graiae wre...

  13. Effects of soil treatments supplemented with two rates of magnesium sulfate on the availability of soil nutrients and on the yield and chemical composition of coastal Bermuda grass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evatt, Nathan S

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ZATZ ON THE AVAILABILITY OF SOIL NUTRIENTS AND ON TH YIELD AND CHENICAL COMPOSITICN GF CO. iSTAL BERNUDA GHASS INTRODUCTION It is known that magnesium is one of' the elements essential for plant growth; however much is to be learned concerning its specific functions... within the plant, Host Texas soils are not deficient, in magnesium (23). Magnesium is reported to be a carrier of the phos- phorus used by the plant. It is entirely possible that the failure to obtain crops of higher phosphorus content upon...

  14. Baselines For Land-Use Change In The Tropics: Application To Avoided Deforestation Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. Santa Cruz Department in Bolivia, C. northern Belize, D.area Belize Santa Cruz, Bolivia Paraná, Brazil Campeche,2) Santa Cruz State, Bolivia; (3) Paraná State in Brazil; (

  15. Influence of Surface Currents in the Dispersal Pathways of Eggs of Cubera Snapper, Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier, 1828), at a Spawning Aggregation Site at Gladden Spit, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez-Jimenez, Adriana

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    flashlight with a blinking red light-emitting diode (LED) and a GPS tracking device (dog collar) (See Appendix A: Fig. A2). 20 After the fiberglass rod was put in place, the bottom third of each buoy was filled with coarse beach sand and seawater... flashlight with a blinking red LED (light-emitting diode) light. One drifter of each set of three was also equipped with a dog-tracking collar with a built-in GPS unit (Garmin DC 40). The DC 40 is not salt water-resistant so it was placed inside a dry bag...

  16. The Yalahau Regional Wetland Survey: Ancient Maya Land Use in Northern Quintana Roo, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Daniel Ian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Features in Southern Campeche: New Perspectives on theArchaeological Reconnaissance in Campeche, Quintana Roo, andpatterns in wetlands in Campeche and Belize (see review by

  17. Extending the roads for survival: An ethnography of the ongoing Maya Diaspora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazua Morales, Carlos Miguel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas,Smaller populations in Campeche, Belize and Guatemala alsoin Chiapas, Calakmul in Campeche, Cobá in Quintana Roo and

  18. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Central America (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  19. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Central America. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  20. Session Title What Can an Education Abroad Teach Our Future Leaders About Sustainability?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Elizabeth A.

    2:30 - 4 p.m. LSC Grey Rock Organizer and Moderator Laura Thornes Methods in Belize Rodolfo Valdes-Vasquez Assistant Professor

  1. Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially oriented program that develops students'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    internships in countries including Guatemala, Peru, Mexico, Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuador.D., University of Minnesota; carbon footprints and accounting, renewable energy systems and policy, sustainable

  2. Special Issue On Estimation Of Baselines And Leakage In Carbon Mitigation Forestry Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.; Andrasko, Kenneth

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tropical Region Estimates Bolivia, Noel Avoided 5-42Tropics; one each in Belize, Bolivia, and Brazil and threeproject, Noel Kempff in Bolivia, the FAC approach projects

  3. A Bioeconomic Approach to Marriage and the Sexual Division of Labor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurven, Michael; Winking, Jeffrey; Kaplan, Hillard; Rueden, Christopher; McAllister, Lisa

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conducted fieldwork in Bolivia and Belize and is studyingin the Beni Biosphere Reserve, Bolivia. Ph.D. dissertation,Tsimane’ Amerindians of lowlands Bolivia. Unpublished Ph.D.

  4. Economic Crisis, Structural Adjustment, and Prospects for Political Stability in Nigeria's Third Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okolie, Andrew C.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) has consistentlyand Underdevelopment in Nigeria." in Julius lhonvbere (Capllllllsm and Crisis in Nigeria (Benin City: Jodah

  5. Incidence of Negative Appendectomy: Experience From a Company Hospital in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osime, O C; Ajayi, P A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From a Company Hospital in Nigeria OC Osime, FMCS, FICSHospital Benin City, Nigeria ABSTRACT Objective: The aim ofin a company hospital in Nigeria. Background: Appendicitis

  6. The Loss of Ecosystem Services on the Yucatn Peninsula in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Loss of Ecosystem Services on the Yucatán Peninsula in the 21st Century Case study: mangrove loss in Mexico (MX) & Belize (BZ) Natallia Leuchanka Environmental Science: Ecosystems; International Reardon #12;#12;Akumal, Mexico (MX) Sarteneja, Belize (BZ) #12;· Ecosystem: a dynamic complex of plant

  7. 42 Marine Technology Society Journal A U T H O R S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Heupel, 2004; Sladek- Nowlis & Friedlander, 2004; Wetherbee et al., 2004). Glover's Reef, one of Belize's three oce- anicatolls,isencompassedbyoneofthelarg- est marine reserves (Glover's Reef Marine Reserve Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (GRMR), off the coast of Belize, between May and October, 2004. Although

  8. Effect of Concentrate Form on Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in Horses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huth, Lindsey

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    separated into 1 of 2 treatment groups that were all fed Bermuda grass hay and either a commercially available pelleted or textured concentrate. After the initial 28-d period, horses were all fed pelleted feed and Bermuda grass hay for a 21-d washout period...

  9. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 66, 2014 Rip currents and circulation on a high-energy low-tide-terraced beach (Grand Popo, Benin, West Africa) 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g. Scott et al., 2011; Brander et al., 2013). In high-income countries (HICs) such as the United States States (United States Lifesaving Association, 2011) and 29 in Australia (Surf Life Saving Australia, 2011 performed for a long time. Yet, fatal drownings at beaches still occur with about 100 reported in the United

  10. Regional and Local-Scale Population Genetic Structure of a Primitive Teleost, the African Bonytongue (Heterotis niloticus), in Rivers of West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrera, Elizabeth

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of the African bonytongue in Benin, West Africa, was examined using six microsatellite markers. In total, 221 H. niloticus individuals were sampled from 12 localities in Benin that include three river basins: Oueme-So (ten localities sampled); Mono (one locality...

  11. Adv. Geosci., 9, 313, 2006 www.adv-geosci.net/9/3/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Giertz (sgiertz@uni-bonn.de) 1 Introduction The shortage of fresh water resources is a severe problem to assess the water availability and water consumption in the Upper Ou´em´e catchment in Benin S. Giertz1, B on future water availability and water consumption in the Up- per Ou´em´e catchment in central Benin

  12. Factors affecting the nutritive value of bermudagrasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainwater, William Aylmer

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Content of Selected Bermuda Varieties Grown at the A&M Univer- sity Farm in the Brazos River Bottom 39 16 Acid Detergent Lignin Content of Selected Bermuda Varieties Grown at the A&M Univer- sity Farm in the Brazos River Bottom 40 17 In Vitro... for each fraction decreased as maturity increased. Hilkinson et al. (1970) reported that Coastal bermuda- grass cut every six weeks increased in digestibility from basal to top layers. Also associated with this increase was lower acid-detergent lignin...

  13. Encyclia chloroleuca (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae) reported for Panama Katia Silvera1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. It is also present in Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua (G. Carnevali alt. CONSERVATION STATUS. Encyclia chloroleuca has a wide distribution but populations are limited

  14. SPARTANADVENTURES SPARTAN PATHWAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Patagonia Dog Sledding in Northern Michigan Antarctica February Wolves of Yellowstone Cuba March Mekong, Cozumel, Belize City, Santo Tomas, Roatán, Costa Maya TREASURES OF PATAGONIA (VIA AUSTRALIA) January 11

  15. Studies of Gymnomyzinae (Diptera: Ephydridae), VI: A Revision of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    (Belize. Stann Creek District: Wee Wee Cay), G. salina (United States. Missouri: Howard Co., Boonslick.V. Mansilla, Salina, Route 60). OFFICIAL PUBLICATION DATE is handstamped in a limited number of initial copies

  16. Enabling Geographical Queries to a Botanical Database 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Go

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Conservation of the lowland savanna ecosystem in Belize Project (Defra 17-022) has created a database of savanna plant collections in the country. Some of the collections have accurate positional coordinates measured by GPS devices while the others...

  17. Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomory, Christopher Mark

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Honduras Nicarag Cos Oo Jamaica Haiti Guadeloupe Oa Dominica ~Martinique tySt Lucia +Barbados @&~St- Vincent Gpr nada Tobago rinidad Belize Puerto Rico Curacao Aru 1 Bonaire a ~ ia a Rica Venezuela Panama Anguilla St. Martin...

  18. Low reservoir ages for the surface ocean from mid-Holocene Florida corals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druffel, Ellen R. M; Robinson, Laura F; Griffin, Sheila; Halley, Robert B; Southon, John R; Adkins, Jess F

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Druffel, E. M. (1982), Banded corals: Changes in oceanic 14Radio- carbon in annual coral rings of Florida, Geo- phys.Radiocarbon in annual coral rings of Belize and Florida,

  19. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California, Mexico, thesis research, class field trips calibration deployment. Student Supervision Graduate supervision, current T. Charles Brothers Ph

  20. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    , class field trips. 1993 South Africa and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR calibration deployment. Awards and honors 2012 UT Institute Basin, Brazil, airborne optical measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California

  1. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are missing for Belize and Malta, and the dem_age values forLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova MontenegroLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro

  2. Pasture Development in the East Texas Timber Country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crouch, E. K.; Jones, John H.

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plants over the entire area; also only certain plants persisted. The principal plants which have withstood all conditions of heavy grazing, drouths, overflows, and freezes are: carpet grass, Axmpis affinis; dallis grass, Paspalum dilatatum; bermuda...

  3. Examining The Binding of Radionuclides with Marine Biopolymers, A Comparative Study On Th, Pa, Be, Po And Pb Isotopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Chia-Ying

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    of potential carrier phases for radionuclides and their K_(d) values were determined for particles collected by sediment traps deployed at the Oceanic Flux Program site off Bermuda. Chemical considerations, as well as factor analysis and correlations of log...

  4. The Central American cold surge: an observational analysis of the deep southward penetration of North American cold fronts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reding, Philip John

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while the maximum southward penetration is approximately 7'N. Over 76% of CACS events penetrate south of 15'N and over 26% penetrate south of 10'N. CACS onset characteristics are described from Belize City, Belize surface observations. A wind shift..., or western boundary, stretching from nearly 70'N to 10'N. Atkinson (1971) and Hastenrath (1988) agree that this topography both provides a good setting for the generation of vast pools of cold air over North America and assists in the equatorward...

  5. The Perceived Role of Literacy and its Attendant Problems in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godonoo, Prosper

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    History of Education in Nigeria (London: Allen and Unwin,p. 67. I3Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Policy onEducatio n A ny Futu re in Nigeria? (Benin City, Nigeria:

  6. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrier Reef, the second largest barrier reef in the world. Glover's Reef is a remote oceanic atoll, which targeted for conserva- tion in 1993 by the designation of the Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (GRMR). Although at a Caribbean atoll (Glover's Reef, Belize) Ellen K. Pikitch1,4,*, Demian D. Chapman2,4 , Elizabeth A. Babcock3

  7. What does an Ethologist do? -a personal view-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packard, Jane M.

    BIOLOGY · What is it? · Examples of studies ­ Manatee distribution in Florida & Belize ­ Illegal pet trade - parrots in Mexico ­ Mexican wolf recovery ­ Puma attacks in Big Bend National Park #12;Familiar (offshore) · Nicole Auil- grad student (coastal) #12;Amazon parrots- Mexico #12;Illegal take from nests

  8. How do CDM projects contribute to sustainable development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Research CODESSMAC - Consejo para el Desarrollo Sustentable de la Selva Marqués de Comillas ECCM for Belize RBCMA ­ Rio Bravo Conservation and Management Area SEDESOL ­ Secretaría de Desarrollo Social ­ Secretaría de Energía, Government of Mexico SPR ­ Sociedad de Producción Rural UCAI ­ Unidad Coordinadora de

  9. Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants to investigate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants Architecture and the Salt Industry."1 The award is through the Archaeology Program at NSF to Heather Mc salt industry in Paynes Creek National Park, Belize, including its submergence by sea-level rise

  10. CO2 Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat Catherine E. Lovelock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruess, Roger W.

    CO2 Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat Catherine E. Lovelock1 *, Roger W. Ruess2 , Ilka C. Feller3 1 on the islands of Twin Cays, Belize. We also disturbed these cleared peat soils to assess what disturbance. Disturbing peat leads to short term increases in CO2 efflux (27 umol m22 s21 ), but this had returned

  11. Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, p. 1-22 Blackness and mestizaje: Afro-Caribbean music in Chetumal, Mexico1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and mestizaje: Afro-Caribbean music in Chetumal, Mexico1 Elisabeth Cunin, IRD-URMIS, CIESAS, UQROO Elisabeth of Mexico bordering Belize. While this region is traditionally associated with a dominant Maya culture or with the first mestizaje in Mexico, I will study Afro-Caribbean music in order to analyze, from a different

  12. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaithersburg, MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Bolivia Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela 8. US and improving national standards information distribution. Argentina Brazil Bolivia Chile Costa Rica Ecuador El Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  13. The Chemical Composition of Forage Grasses from the Gulf Coast Prairie as Related to Soils and to Requirements for Range Cattle.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

    1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    grass or sacahuiste (Spartina spartinae) occurs only along the coast where the soils contain considerable salt. Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon), Dallis (Papsalurn dilatatum) , and carpet (Axonopxs affinis) grasses occur usually on more fertile soils which... saccharoides Cynodon dactylon Poa annua Andropogon provincialis Andropogon rcoparius Setaria viridir Setaria ~utescens Andropogon virginicus Medicago lupulzna Buchloe dactyloides Phalaris caroliniana Phalaris minor Axonopur affinis Medicago spp...

  14. Zoologica Scripta, Vol. 27, No.1,pp, 1-15, 1998 Elsevier ScienceLtd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    Cueva del Agua, a shallow cave on Tenerife, Canary Islands (Huys 1988~).The Superornatiremidae comprises Atlanticcaves on Bermuda and the Canary Islands (Huys 1996).The recent discovery of these genera in the Balearic Islands (Jaume, 1997) provides evidence that the family assumes an Amphi

  15. Composition and Utilization of Range Vegetation in Sutton and Edwards Counties.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plants.. ................................... Cuzcuta exaltata, liveoak dodder succulent stems. ........................................... Cvrodcn dzctylon, Bermuda grass luxuriant maturing growth. ................................. mature growth...~n~ana .................................... Live oak dodder. Cuscuta exaltata ......................................... 1,ote l~ush.. Condalia obtusifolia ................................... X.lallow, Indian.. .Abutilon incanum .............................. 3lallow, annual poppy.. Callirrhoc...

  16. SATELLITE ESTIMATES OF MESOSCALE VARIABILITY 1 Accepted by the Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans, July 19, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glover, David M.

    .S. JGOFS Bermuda Atlantic Time-Series Study (BATS) site David M. Glover Woods Hole Oceanographic that climate scale variability needs to be carefully removed to isolate the eddy signature. #12;2 Glover et al dynamics, model errors and unresolved three-dimensional effects [Glover and Doney, 1996; Glover et al

  17. Vol. 171: 199-208, 1998 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansell, Dennis

    of organlc carbon in fecal pellets is influ- enced by the rate of pellet production along with the Analysis of copepod fecal pellet carbon using a high temperature combustion method Juanita U r b a n - ~ i Reach, St. George's, Bermuda, GE-01 ABSTRACT Copepod fecal pellet carbon was measured uslng a h ~ g

  18. 2010 Towers Watson. All rights reserved. What have you got in mind?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baia, Margarida

    and Towers Watson client use only. What do actuaries do? As well as communicating complex financial issues in an understandable way, actuaries: Apply their statistical, economic and mathematical expertise and knowledge · Chile · Colombia · Mexico · Uruguay NORTH AMERICA · Bermuda · Canada · United States Our 14

  19. Geochemistry of slow-growing corals : reconstructing sea surface temperature, salinity and the North Atlantic Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodkin, Nathalie Fairbank

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 225-year old coral from the south shore of Bermuda (64°W, 320N) provides a record of decadal-to-centennial scale climate variability. The coral was collected live, and sub-annual density bands seen in x-radiographs ...

  20. Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohan, Jacqueline E.

    Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric CO2, and population biomass of poison ivy. The CO2 growth stimulation exceeds that of most other woody species in Central America, parts of Asia, Bermuda, and the Bahama Islands (5). It has been introduced in Europe (6

  1. Atmospheric Envrronmrnr Vol. 27A. No. 2, pp. 235-250. 1993 Prinled in Great Brilain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospero, Joseph M.

    :, NO, and CH,SO; fell within a relatively narrow range: 21G374; for the individual species and Bermuda suggests that SRs might be relatively constant over longer time periods. Key word index of gas-phase scavenging (e.g. Harrison and Pio, 1983; Wolff et al., 1987; Stedman 1991). Barrie (1985

  2. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    progress upward from fine-grained prodelta and deep water shales of the Akata Formation through paralic sandstone-shale units of the Agbada Formation and finally to sandy non-marine deposits of the Benin Formation. The Agbada Formation is divided into six...

  3. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  4. peopleandplanet.net people and renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of oil and 25 import all of their oil; for these nations, the tripling in oil prices has been an economic their own farmers rather than spending scarce foreign exchange on imported oil. Biofuel boom World biofuels tackles Benin's arid land q ICELAND EXCLUSIVE: Test driving the world's energy future q Heavy price

  5. Fish Assemblage and Food Web Structure in Whedos (Shallow Floodplain Habitats) of the Oueme River, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Andrew

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Oueme River, a lowland river in Benin, Africa, artificial ponds constructed in the floodplain (whedos) are colonized during the high-water period by a presumably random sample of fishes from the river channel. As water slowly recedes from...

  6. Journal of Coastal Research Longshore drift cell development on the human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Volta River delta in Ghana, to the west, and the western conf River delta in Nigeria to the east the Volta River delta, terminus of a large river catchment of 397,000 km2, although wave energy conditions by the construction of three deepwater ports in Lomé (Togo), Cotonou (Benin) and Lagos (Nigeria) that have Volta River

  7. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    progress upward from fine-grained prodelta and deep water shales of the Akata Formation through paralic sandstone-shale units of the Agbada Formation and finally to sandy non-marine deposits of the Benin Formation. The Agbada Formation is divided into six...

  8. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  9. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  10. Turfgrass: Maintenance Costs in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ethan C.; Allen, W. Wayne; Ferguson, Marvin H.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . These regions also have high water costs. The Gulf Coast, where water is a minor item, has an average expenditure only slightly greater than half that in West Texas. Average lawn sizes in these two regions are almost identical. Use of com- post, commercial.... Individuals with grasses other than bermuda and St. Augustine spend on the average about 53 percent TARLE 2. TOTALS OF VARIOUS HOME LAWN MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES WITHIN REGIONS AND FOR THE STATE1 Number of Maintenance items Region households Commercial...

  11. A game management plan for Rancho de los Jefes, Brooks County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frazier, Kenneth Durward

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    types on the lease were detailed on a vegetative type map, and their value as a wildlif'e habitat was evaluated. The major vegetative types were liveoak v)oodland, mesquite savannah, dense mesqurte, mixed brushland and coastal bermuda pasture.... W. Lehmann. Q. H. Pattes also assisted with the vegetation work. Acknowledgement is also made to the Texas Agricultural Extensron Service soil testing laboratory for evaluatzon of sorl samples and recommendations for fertilization rates. Finally...

  12. Potential digestibilities and digestion kinetics of forage cell wall components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tauskey, William Henry

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ); and lignin (L) . Between species comparison of forage composition indicated a higher percent neutral detergent extract (cell solubles) and cellulose for Sorghums. The coefficients of digestibility for all fractions were higher for the Sorghums.... There was a significant correlation (P&. 05) between the ratio of neutral detergent extract/NDF ratio and digest- ibility. The lignin/cellulose ratio in forage composition ranged from 1 to 5 for Bermudas and 1 to 7. 5 for Sorghums. The same rati. o...

  13. Subjects: Trematoda And Trematode Diseases, Part 1: Supergenera and Genera A and B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Roach, Katharine F.; Breen, Virginia L.

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hauteur de la pointe du Raz). --Han- son, M. L., 1950a, 8 5, 86, 87(Bermuda). --Linton, E., 1940a, 146 - 147 (Mola mola;Woods Hole, Massachusetts). megnini (J. Poirier, 1885) Dollfus, R. P. F.,1946k,74. nigroflavum (Rudolphi, 1819) Robinson, V. C...., 1934a, 349(Orthagoriscus mola). --Dollfus, R. P. , 1935g, 212, 213-214, 216,figs. 5-6(Mola mola;cote atlanti- que d'Europe, de Naples, de l'ile d'Elbe, Mola nasus; Warberg, Sweden); 1946k, 74 (=A. megnini (J. Poirier, 1885)) (Mofa moia). - Guiart...

  14. Dallisgrass.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ethan C.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (8) indicate that it was first introduced into the United States in the vicinity of New Or- leans, Louisiana. It was given the name of Dal- lis for A, T. Dallis of LaGrange, Georgia, who , was an enthusiastic proponent of the grass around I 1900... WARM-SEASON GRASSES IN THE WINTER GARDEN AREA. 1952-53 1 Species 1952 1953 Average Dallis 8330 10360 9340 Coastal Bermuda 13280 27790 20530 Buffel 16180 22030 19100 Blue panic 13920 23290 18600 species are shown in Table 1. Dallis does...

  15. Nutrient leaching characteristics of vegetation common to Texas reservoir sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weldon, Clark Pierce

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decomposition of vegetation and the higher rate of nitrogen release that was observed. The fact that oxygen depletion was greatest when nitrogen 80 S 60 o m bO o 4 4J Distilled Water Lake Somerville Yegua Creek 40 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13... Lake Somerville Yegua Creek 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Time in Days Figure 6: K)eldahl Nitrogen Release with Time for Coastal Bermuda Grass Using Three Different Leaching Solutions Under Aeration (Test Series 1) m 6 c Distilled Water...

  16. Bathymetric records of marine shelled mollusca from the northeastern shelf of Yucatan, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treece, Granvil D

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committee: Dr. Harold W. Harry Micromolluscs consisting of 189 species of gastropods and 149 species of pelecypods from 11 samples ranging from 15 to 260 fathoms along the northeastern Campeche Shelf and upper continental elope of Yucatan are reported...), the Caribbean Sea, the Bahamas, Bermuda and part of the Atlantic coast of the United States. The sampled area lies along the Yucatan Strait and to the north and west thereof, on the edge of the broad Campeche shelf (Map 1). The Yucatan Strait lies between...

  17. The soil conservation programs of the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority and the Lower Colorado River Authority

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, Stanton Ross

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recommends a community machinery custodian who handles the service and distribution of this type of equipment avs. ilable to the community. For this service the custodian is paid a portion of the rental fee. Part of the rental charge goes into a repair... Name of machine Bermuda spri gger Hepair fee per clay of use %1 ~ 80 Custodian fee per day of use g ~ 90 Council fee per day of use Total fee per day of use @+00 Commercial fertilizer distrj'o" Greham Eoeme pic 7 Grain drill OI ~ 25...

  18. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  19. Biothermal gasification of biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chynoweth, D.P.; Srivastava, V.J.; Henry, M.P.; Tarman, P.B.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The BIOTHERMGAS Process is described for conversion of biomass, organic residues, and peat to substitute natural gas (SNG). This new process, under development at IGT, combines biological and thermal processes for total conversion of a broad variety of organic feeds (regardless of water or nutrient content). The process employs thermal gasification for conversion of refractory digester residues. Ammonia and other inorganic nutrients are recycled from the thermal process effluent to the bioconversion unit. Biomethanation and catalytic methanation are presented as alternative processes for methanation of thermal conversion product gases. Waste heat from the thermal component is used to supply the digester heat requirements of the bioconversion component. The results of a preliminary systems analysis of three possible applications of this process are presented: (1) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with catalytic methanation; (2) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with biomethanation; and (3) 1000 ton/day municipal solid waste (MSW) sewage sludge plant with biomethanation. The results indicate that for these examples, performance is superior to that expected for biological or thermal processes used separately. The results of laboratory studies presented suggest that effective conversion of thermal product gases can be accomplished by biomethanation.

  20. Technical Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Zoe Kant; Patrick Gonzalez

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nature Conservancy participated in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project was 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration'. The objectives of the project were to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Final Technical Report discusses the results of the six tasks that The Nature Conservancy undertook to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between July 1st 2001 and July 10th 2008. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. The project occurred in two phases. The first was a focused exploration of specific carbon measurement and monitoring methodologies and pre-selected carbon sequestration opportunities. The second was a more systematic and comprehensive approach to compare various competing measurement and monitoring methodologies, and assessment of a variety of carbon sequestration opportunities in order to find those that are the lowest cost with the greatest combined carbon and other environmental benefits. In the first phase we worked in the U.S., Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Peru, and Chile to develop and refine specific carbon inventory methods, pioneering a new remote-sensing method for cost-effectively measuring and monitoring terrestrial carbon sequestration and system for developing carbon baselines for both avoided deforestation and afforestation/reforestation projects. We evaluated the costs and carbon benefits of a number of specific terrestrial carbon sequestration activities throughout the U.S., including reforestation of abandoned mined lands in southwest Virginia, grassland restoration in Arizona and Indiana, and reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. The most cost-effective U.S. terrestrial sequestration opportunity we found through these studies was reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. In Phase II we conducted a more systematic assessment and comparison of several different measurement and monitoring approaches in the Northern Cascades of California, and a broad 11-state Northeast regional assessment, rather than pre-selected and targeted, analysis of terrestrial sequestration costs and benefits. Work was carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA. Partners include the Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, The Sampson Group, Programme for Belize, Society for Wildlife Conservation (SPVS), Universidad Austral de Chile, Michael Lefsky, Colorado State University, UC Berkeley, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, ProNaturaleza, Ohio State University, Stephen F. Austin University, Geographical Modeling Services, Inc., WestWater, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Century Ecosystem Services, Mirant Corporation, General Motors, American Electric Power, Salt River Project, Applied Energy Systems, KeySpan, NiSource, and PSEG. This project, 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration', has resulted in over 50 presentations and reports, available publicly through the Department of Energy or by visiting the links listed in Appendix 1. More

  1. Misrepresentations of Sargasso Sea temperatures by Arthur B. Robinson et al.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keigwin, Lloyd (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole, MA); Boslough, Mark Bruce Elrick

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keigwin (Science 274:1504-1508, 1996) reconstructed the sea surface temperature (SST) record in the northern Sargasso Sea to document natural climate variability in recent millennia. The annual average SST proxy used {delta}{sup 18}O in planktonic foraminifera in a radiocarbon-dated 1990 Bermuda Rise box core. Keigwin's Fig. 4B (K4B) shows a 50-year-averaged time series along with four decades of SST measurements from Station S near Bermuda, demonstrating that the Sargasso Sea is now at its warmest in more than 400 years, and well above the most recent box-core temperature. Taken together, Station S and paleo-temperatures suggest there was an acceleration of warming in the 20th century, though this was not an explicit conclusion of the paper. Keigwin concluded that anthropogenic warming may be superposed on a natural warming trend. In an unpublished paper circulated with the anti-Kyoto 'Oregon Petition,' Robinson et al. ('Environmental Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide,' 1998) reproduced K4B but (1) omitted Station S data, (2) incorrectly stated that the time series ended in 1975, (3) conflated Sargasso Sea data with global temperature, and (4) falsely claimed that Keigwin showed global temperatures 'are still a little below the average for the past 3,000 years.' Keigwin's Fig. 2 showed that {delta}{sup 18}O has increased over the past 6000 years, so SSTs calculated from those data would have a long term decrease. Thus, it is inappropriate to compare present-day SST to a long term mean unless the trend is removed. Slight variations of Robinson et al. (1998) have been repeatedly published with different author rotations. Various mislabeled, improperly-drawn, and distorted versions of K4B have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, in weblogs, and even as an editorial cartoon-all supporting baseless claims that current temperatures are lower than the long-term mean, and traceable to Robinson's misrepresentation with Station S data removed. In 2007, Robinson added a fictitious 2006 temperature that is significantly lower than the measured data. This doctored version of K4B with fabricated data was reprinted in a 2008 Heartland Institute advocacy report, 'Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate.'

  2. Technical Progress Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Ben Poulter; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Gilberto Tiepolo

    2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st and July 30th 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. Work is being carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA.

  3. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  4. Ocean Carbon Cycle Data from the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The U.S. JGOFS program, a component of the U.S Global Change Research Program, grew out of the recommendations of a National Academy of Sciences workshop in 1984. An ambitious goal was set to understand the controls on the concentrations and fluxes of carbon and associated nutrients in the ocean. A new field of ocean biogeochemistry emerged with an emphasis on quality measurements of carbon system parameters and interdisciplinary field studies of the biological, chemical and physical process which control the ocean carbon cycle. U.S. JGOFS, ended in 2005 with the conclusion of the Synthesis and Modeling Project (SMP). Data are available throughout the U.S. JGOFS web site at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/ and from the U.S. JGOFS Data System at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/jg/dir/jgofs/. Major named segments of the project are: Bermuda Atlantic Time Series (BATS) Study, Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) Study, Equatorial Pacific Process Study, North Atlantic Bloom Experiment (1989), Arabian Sea Process Study, and the Southern Ocean Process Study.

  5. AMMA 2005 Dakar International Conference to be Held November 28-December 2, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamb, Peter

    2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Consistent with the original proposal (dated April 14, 2005), the grant supported the participation in the above conference of a number of West African meteorologists, the majority of whom will be supporting the ARM Mobile Facility deployment in Niamey in various ways during 2006. The following seven individuals were fully funded (complete airfare, accommodation, registration, meals) to participate in the Conference –Yerima Ladan (Head, ASECNA Forecast Office, Niamey Airport); Dr. Ousmane Manga Adamou (University of Niamey); Abdou Adam Abdoul-Aziz Abebe (Forecasater, ASECNA Forecast Office, Niamey Airport); Hassane Abdou (Forecaster, ASECNA Forecast Office, Niamey Airport); Saley Diori (Forecaster, ASECNA Forecast Office, Niamey Airport); Alhassane Diallo (Meteorological Engineer, Burkina Faso Weather Service). The following three individuals were partly funded (for some of their airfare, accommodation, registration, meals) to participate in the Conference – Katiellou Lawan (International Relations, Niger Weather Service); Mamoutou Kouressy (Institute of Rural Economics, Niger Department of Agriculture); and Francis Dide (Benin Weather Service). I am confident that the participation of the above individuals in the Conference will facilitate both the smooth operation of the ARM Mobile Facility in Niamey during 2006 and the involvement of University of Niamey scientists in analysis of the data collected. We appreciate greatly this support from the ARM Program.

  6. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  7. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  8. High-potential geothermal energy resource areas of Nigeria and their geologic and geophysical assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babalola, O.O.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread occurrence of geothermal manifestations in Nigeria is significant because the wide applicability and relative ease of exploitation of geothermal energy is of vital importance to an industrializing nation like Nigeria. There are two known geothermal resource areas (KGRAs) in Nigeria: the Ikogosi Warm Springs of Ondo State and the Wikki Warm Springs of Bauchi State. These surficial effusions result from the circulation of water to great depths through faults in the basement complex rocks of the area. Within sedimentary areas, high geothermal gradient trends are identified in the Lagos subbasin, the Okitipupa ridge, the Auchi-Agbede are of the Benin flank/hinge line, and the Abakaliki anticlinorium. The deeper Cretaceous and Tertiary sequences of the Niger delta are geopressured geothermal horizons. In the Benue foldbelt, extending from the Abalaliki anticlinorium to the Keana anticline and the Zambuk ridge, several magmatic intrusions emplaced during the Late Cretaceous line the axis of the Benue trough. Positive Bouguer gravity anomalies also parallel this trough and are interpreted to indicate shallow mantle. Parts of this belt and the Ikom, the Jos plateau, Bauchi plateau, and the Adamawa areas, experienced Cenozoic volcanism and magmatism.

  9. Structural analysis of the 5 prime flanking region of the. beta. -globin gene in African sickle cell anemia patients: Further evidence for three origins of the sickle cell mutation in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chebloune, Y.; Pagnier, J.; Trabuchet, G.; Faure, C.; Verdier, G.; Labie, D.; Nigon, V. (Universite Claude Bernard-Lyon, Villeurbane (France))

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haplotype analysis of the {beta}-globin gene cluster shows two regions of DNA characterized by nonrandom association of restriction site polymorphisms. These regions are separated by a variable segment containing the repeated sequences (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y}, which might be involved in recombinational events. Studies of haplotypes linked to the sickle cell gene in Africa provide strong argument for three origins of the mutation: Benin, Senegal, and the Central African Republic. The structure of the variable segment in the three African populations was studied by S1 nuclease mapping of genomic DNA, which allows a comparison of several samples. A 1080-base-pair DNA segment was sequenced for one sample from each population. S1 nuclease mapping confirmed the homogeneity of each population with regard to both (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y} repeats. The authors found three additional structures for (AT){sub x}T{sub y} correlating with the geographic origin of the patients. Ten other nucleotide positions, 5{prime} and 3{prime} to the (AT){sub x}T{sub y} copies, were found to be variable when compared to homologous sequences from human and monkey DNAs. These results allow us to propose an evolutionary scheme for the polymorphisms in the 5{prime} flanking region of the {beta}-globin gene. The results strongly support the hypothesis of three origins for the sickle mutation in Africa.

  10. Nonblack patients with sickle cell disease have African. beta. sup s gene cluster haplotypes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Z.R.; Powars, D.R.; Williams, W.D. (Univ. of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles (USA)); Kinney, T.R. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (USA)); Schroeder, W.A. (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena (USA))

    1989-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Of 18 nonblack patients with sickle cell disease, 14 had sickle cell anemia, 2 had hemoglobin SC disease, and 2 had hemoglobin S-{beta}{sup o}-thalassemia. The {beta}{sup s} gene cluster haplotypes that were determined in 7 patients were of African origin and were identified as Central African Republic, Central African Republic minor II, Benin, and Senegal. The haplotype Central African Republic minor II was present on the {beta}{sup o}-thalassemia chromosome in 2 patients. None of 10 patients whose {alpha}-gene status was determined had {alpha}-thalassemia-2. These data strongly support the concept that the {beta}{sup s} gene on chromosome 11 of these individuals is of African origin and that the {alpha}-gene locus on chromosome 16 is of white or native American origin. The clinical severity of the disease in these nonblack patients is appropriate to their haplotype without {alpha}-thalassemia-2 and is comparable with that of black patients. All persons with congenital hemolytic anemia should be examined for the presence of sickle cell disease regardless of physical appearance or ethnic background.

  11. Intrashelf basins: A geologic model for source-bed and reservoir facies deposition within carbonate shelves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grover, G. Jr. (Sauid Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intrashelf basins (moats, inshore basins, shelf basins, differentiated shelf, and deep-water lagoons of others) are depressions of varying sizes and shapes that occur within tectonically passive and regionally extensive carbonate shelves. Intrashelf basins grade laterally and downdip (seaward) into shallow-water carbonates of the regional shelf, are separated from the open marine basin by the shelf margin, and are largely filled by fine-grained subtidal sediments having attributes of shallow- and deeper water sedimentation. These basins are commonly fringed or overlain by carbonate sands, reefs, or buildups. These facies may mimic those that occur along the regional shelf margin, and they can have trends that are at a high angle to that of the regional shelf. Intrashelf basins are not intracratonic basins. The history of most intrashelf basins is a few million to a few tens of million of years. Examples of intrashelf basins are known throughout the Phanerozoic; the southern portion of the Holocene Belize shelf is a modern example of an intrashelf basin. Two types of intrashelf basins are recognized. Coastal basins pass updip into coastal clastics of the craton with the basin primarily filled by fine clastics. Shelf basins occur on the outer part of the shelf, are surrounded by shallow-water carbonate facies, and are filled by peloidal lime mud, pelagics, and argillaceous carbonates. Intrashelf basins are commonly the site of organic-rich, source-bed deposition, resulting in the close proximity of source beds and reservoir facies that may fringe or overlie the basin. Examples of hydrocarbon-charged reservoirs that were sourced by an intrashelf basin include the Miocene Bombay High field, offshore India; the giant Jurassic (Arab-D) and Cretaceous (Shuaiba) reservoirs of the Arabian Shelf; the Lower Cretaceous Sunniland trend, South Florida basin; and the Permian-Pennsylvanian reservoirs surrounding the Tatum basin in southeastern New Mexico.

  12. Climate Change in Lowland Central America During the Late Deglacial and Early Holocene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillesheim, M B; Hodell, D A; Leyden, B W; Brenner, M; Curtis, J H; Anselmetti, F S; Ariztegui, D; Buck, D G; Guilderson, T P; Rosenmeier, M F; Schnurrenberger, D W

    2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The transition from arid glacial to moist early Holocene conditions represented a profound change in northern lowland Neotropical climate. Here we report a detailed record of changes in moisture availability during the latter part of this transition ({approx}11,250 to 7,500 cal yr BP) inferred from sediment cores retrieved in Lake Peten Itza, northern Guatemala. Pollen assemblages demonstrate that a mesic forest had been largely established by {approx}11,250 cal yr BP, but sediment properties indicate that lake level was more than 35 m below modern stage. From 11,250 to 10,350 cal yr BP, during the Preboreal period, lithologic changes in sediments from deep-water cores (>50 m below modern water level) indicate several wet-dry cycles that suggest distinct changes in effective moisture. Four dry events (designated PBE1-4) occurred at 11,200, 10,900, 10,700, and 10,400 cal yr BP and correlate with similar variability observed in the Cariaco Basin titanium record and glacial meltwater pulses into the Gulf of Mexico. After 10,350 cal yr BP, multiple sediment proxies suggest a shift to a more persistently moist early Holocene climate. Comparison of results from Lake Peten Itza with other records from the circum-Caribbean demonstrates a coherent climate response during the entire span of our record. Furthermore, lowland Neotropical climate during the late deglacial and early Holocene period appears to be tightly linked to climate change in the high-latitude North Atlantic. We speculate that the observed changes in lowland Neotropical precipitation were related to the intensity of the annual cycle and associated displacements in the mean latitudinal position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and Azores-Bermuda high-pressure system. This mechanism operated on millennial-to-submillennial timescales and may have responded to changes in solar radiation, glacial meltwater, North Atlantic sea ice, and the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (MOC).

  13. Locus control region HS2 point mutations are generally not responsible for elevated fetal hemoglobin expression of sickle cell patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilman, J.G. [Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States); Brinson, E.C.; Milner, P.M. [Medical College of Georgia, Augusta (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The locus control region (LCR), composed of four hypersensitive sites (HS1-4) 5{prime} of the {epsilon} globin gene, confers strong, copy-number dependent expression on globin genes in transgenic mice. Several {beta}-globin gene cluster haplotypes carry the sickle cell gene, and show variable levels of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) expression in association with DNA sequence differences in HS2, {gamma} and {beta} globin promoters, and {gamma}IVSII: The Senegal (SEN or No. 3) haplotype generally has high (>10%) Hb F, Benin (BEN or No. 19) has intermediate Hb F (but some low and some high), and Banu (BAN or No. 20) generally has low Hb F. Huisman and colleagues have proposed that `factors produced under conditions of hematopoietic stress, together with genetic determinants on the haplotype-3 like LCR sequences, allow for high level expression of {gamma} globin genes`. We have now used slot blot to screen high Hb F (>9.5%) and low Hb F cases for two of the three HS2 point mutations described by Oener et al. Comparing eight high Hb F BEN/BEN with two low Hb F BEN/BEN, all ten had the BEN mutations considered by Oener et al. to be associated with low Hb F. Comparing three high Hb F BEN/BAN with two low Hb F BEN/BAN, all five were heterozygous at three positions; this is consistent with BEN having G and T and BAN having A at both positions. DNA sequencing of HS2 for BAN, which is generally associated with low HB F, showed that the point mutations at all three positions were those seen in SEN (generally high Hb F); only the AT repeat region showed major differences, confirming results of Huisman and colleagues. Hence, if there is any effect of HS2 of the Senegal sickle cell haplotype in causing elevated Hb F under hematopoietic stress, it must be due to specific variation in the AT repeat region, which Oener et al. have suggested may bind a silencer.