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1

Export.gov - What can CS Belgium do for you?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Belgium Belgium Local Time in Brussels, Belgium: Print | E-mail Page Belgium Belgium Home Doing Business in Belgium Market Research on Belgium Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Business Services Providers Links Frequently Asked Questions Financing Exports of U.S. Goods and Services Internships Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About us Press Room Other European Markets Other Worldwide Markets What can Commercial Service Belgium do for you? The U.S. Commercial Service at the American Embassy Belgium is part of a global network of trade specialists dedicated to supporting U.S. commercial interests around the world. We offer comprehensive, export promotion assistance through a variety of programs and services. Our staff can help you identify potential business partners, obtain valuable market

2

Contra Costa Santa Clara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ONLINE 8/9/13 Marsh Landing GWF Tracy Willow Pass Willow Pass Gen. Station 550 MW Contra Costa Co. Gen Generating Station (formerly Contra Costa Generating Station) 624 MW Contra Costa Co. CCGS, LLC Oakley GWF Energy & FPL APPROVED 12/14/05 Victorville 2 Solar - Gas Hybrid 563 MW San Bernardino Co. City

3

Contra Costa Santa Clara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Caithness Energy & FPL APPROVED 12/14/05 Victorville 2 Solar - Gas Hybrid 563 MW San Bernardino Co. City/15/10 Colusa Generating Station 660 MW Colusa Co. PG&E ONLINE 12/22/10 Oakley Generating Station (formerly Contra Costa Generating Station) 624 MW Contra Costa Co. CCGS, LLC APPROVED 5/18/07 Santa Clara SC-1

4

DOE Solar Decathlon: Team Belgium: Ghent University  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Team Belgium: Ghent University Team Belgium: Ghent University Ghent University's E-Cube is being rebuilt at the West Flemish Greenbridge Science Park, located in the outer port of Oostende, Belgium. Following U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011, the Ghent University team applied for funding to rebuild the E-Cube as a zero-energy test house to provide experimental data for faculty and other researchers. The house will also be used as a demonstration project for innovative renewable energy technologies. For the Solar Decathlon 2011, Team Belgium aimed for simplicity with E-Cube. Its market appeal was its simple construction methods and its affordability. The house was designed as a building kit for a self-builder who lacks the time and expertise to build a house from scratch. This

5

Belgium: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belgium: Energy Resources Belgium: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.83333,"lon":4,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Brussels, Belgium: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brussels, Belgium: Energy Resources Brussels, Belgium: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2800866 Coordinates 50.8466°, 4.35277° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.8466,"lon":4.35277,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) Belgium east loop active network management (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Belgium east loop active network management Country Belgium Coordinates 50.148746°, 4.086914° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.148746,"lon":4.086914,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

8

TWENTIES (Smart Grid Project) (Brussels, Belgium) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TWENTIES (Smart Grid Project) (Brussels, Belgium) TWENTIES (Smart Grid Project) (Brussels, Belgium) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name TWENTIES Country Belgium Headquarters Location Brussels, Belgium Coordinates 50.850342°, 4.35171° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.850342,"lon":4.35171,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Partner Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica Central America References GTZ Schwerpunkte[1] GIZ[2] Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Costa Rica 1.2 Maldives 2 Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices 3 References Overview Costa Rica Maldives The Maldives are less the 2.5 m above sea level. Hence, the danger from climate change is crucial. At the same time the Maldives' economy,

10

Namur, Belgium -weathering deteriorating slope stability future -Robert Hack 1 WEATHERING DETERIORATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Namur, Belgium - weathering deteriorating slope stability future - Robert Hack 1 WEATHERING DETERIORATING AND SLOPE STABILITY CLASSIFICATION FOR THE FUTURE Namur, Belgium, 12 June 2008 Robert Hack Geo #12;Namur, Belgium - weathering deteriorating slope stability future - Robert Hack 2 Jan van Goyen

Hack, Robert

11

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Costa Rica Efficiency-seeking FDI: (1) Electronics (2) Medical devices (3) IT-based services (4) Clothing (past) (5) Automotive equipment (future) Market-based FDI: (1) Tourism (2) Real estate #12;Why

12

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belgium Belgium Coordinates 50.183933°, 4.592285° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.183933,"lon":4.592285,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Team Belgium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

25 People x 4 Days 25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1726 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1726#comments Tue, 27 Sep 2011 16:32:31 +0000 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/?p=1726 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1726/feed 0 Video Blog: Day One Assembly http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1472 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1472#comments Fri, 16 Sep 2011 21:39:04 +0000 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/?p=1472 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1472/feed 2 Belgium's Ghent University Prepares Its E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1092 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/archives/1092#comments Fri, 10 Jun 2011 14:59:09 +0000 http://www.solardecathlon.gov/blog/?p=1092

14

Ophiolite and island-arc volcanism in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Apartado Postal 35, Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Costa Rica The Pacific margin...Apartado Postal 35, Ciudad Universitaria "Rodrigo Facio," Costa Rica ABSTRACT The Pacific...Distrito de Tonos , Provincia de Los Santos, Panam [Licenciado thesis]: San Jos...

15

A History of Marine Biodiversity Scientific Research in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity scientific research in Costa Rica started in ... the seas worldwide. The first publications on marine organisms collected in Costa Rica were published ... sees the contributions of the first C...

Jorge Corts

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Jayme da Costa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jayme da Costa Jayme da Costa Jump to: navigation, search Name Jayme da Costa Place Grijo, Portugal Zip 4416-901 Sector Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product Electrical goods manufacturer that is developing and building wind, solar and hydro projects in Portugal and wind projects in Spain. Coordinates 40.875332°, -7.92343° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.875332,"lon":-7.92343,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Costa Rica: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica: Energy Resources Costa Rica: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":-84,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

18

The taxation of diesel cars in Belgium revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the current taxation of diesel and gasoline cars in Belgium with the guidelines for optimal taxation. We find that diesel cars are still taxed much less than gasoline cars, resulting in a dominant market share for diesel cars in the car stock. If the fuel tax is the main instrument to control for externalities and generate revenues, the diesel excise should be much higher than the excise on gasoline for two reasons: diesel is more polluting than gasoline and more importantly, through the better fuel efficiency, diesel cars contribute less fiscal revenues per mile.

Inge Mayeres; Stef Proost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

20

Peircean Pragmatic Truth and da Costas Quasi-Truth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary. In this paper we present a conception of the Peircean pragmatic truth and a formal definition of pragmatic truth, the quasi-truth... this concept, previously introduced by da Costa and collaborators, on...

Itala M. Loffredo DOttaviano; Carlos Hifume

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improving CS regulations.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

President Carter issued Executive Order 12044 (3/28/78) that required all Federal agencies to distinguish between significant and insignificant regulations, and to determine whether a regulation will result in major impacts. This study gathered information on the impact of the order and the guidelines on the Office of Conservation and Solar Energy (CS) regulatory practices, investigated problems encountered by the CS staff when implementing the order and guidelines, and recommended solutions to resolve these problems. Major tasks accomplished and discussed are: (1) legislation, Executive Orders, and DOE Memoranda concerning Federal administrative procedures relevant to the development and analysis of regulations within CS reviewed; (2) relevant DOE Orders and Memoranda analyzed and key DOE and CS staff interviewed in order to accurately describe the current CS regulatory process; (3) DOE staff from the Office of the General Counsel, the Office of Policy and Evaluation, the Office of the Environment, and the Office of the Secretary interviewed to explore issues and problems encountered with current CS regulatory practices; (4) the regulatory processes at five other Federal agencies reviewed in order to see how other agencies have approached the regulatory process, dealt with specific regulatory problems, and responded to the Executive Order; and (5) based on the results of the preceding four tasks, recommendations for potential solutions to the CS regulatory problems developed. (MCW)

Nesse, R.J.; Scheer, R.M.; Marasco, A.L.; Furey, R.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Costa Rica-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Name Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.nrel.gov/internatio Country Costa Rica Central America References NREL International Program [1] Abstract The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Costa Rica to develop an Energy Efficiency Center as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Costa Rica to develop an Energy Efficiency Center as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. References ↑ "NREL International Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Costa_Rica-NREL_Energy_Activities&oldid=375255

23

Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: an observational study in two cities in the USA and Belgium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA. Received: 20 February 2013study in two cities in the USA and Belgium. Internationalstudy in two cities in the USA and Belgium Delfien Van Dyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Belgium's Ghent University Prepares their E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Belgium's Ghent University Prepares their E-Cube for Solar Belgium's Ghent University Prepares their E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011 Belgium's Ghent University Prepares their E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011 June 9, 2011 - 5:25pm Addthis Photo of Ghent University's E-Cube, under construction in Belgium. | Courtesy of the Ghent University Solar Decathlon Team Photo of Ghent University's E-Cube, under construction in Belgium. | Courtesy of the Ghent University Solar Decathlon Team Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What are the key facts? The home is designed as a pre-engineered kit that can be easily constructed by communities without the need of specialty workers or help from outside financial institutions. Ghent University's home meets Passive House standards with

25

25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube 5 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube 25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube September 27, 2011 - 4:41pm Addthis Pieter Jan De Loof, a student at Ghent University, displays the assembly instructions for E-Cube, Team Belgium’s entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Pieter Jan De Loof, a student at Ghent University, displays the assembly instructions for E-Cube, Team Belgium's entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Assembly instructions for the external window shades on “E-Cube,” Team Belgium’s entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Assembly instructions for the external window shades on "E-Cube," Team Belgium's entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011.

26

25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube 25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube 25 People x 4 Days + 1 Manual = Team Belgium's E-Cube September 27, 2011 - 4:41pm Addthis Pieter Jan De Loof, a student at Ghent University, displays the assembly instructions for E-Cube, Team Belgium’s entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Pieter Jan De Loof, a student at Ghent University, displays the assembly instructions for E-Cube, Team Belgium's entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Assembly instructions for the external window shades on “E-Cube,” Team Belgium’s entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011. Assembly instructions for the external window shades on "E-Cube," Team Belgium's entry to the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011.

27

Maps of Costa Rica; an annotated cartobibliography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:48,000. Colored. 7 maps 25"x52" or smaller. Set of detailed topographic strip maps along route of proposed intercontinental rail road, following the west coast of Costa Rica. Sheets cover section from Nicaragua to Rio Savegre; the section from Rio Savegre... Maps of LAWRENCE: UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LIBRARIES: 1965 AN ANNOTATED CARTOBIBLIOGRAPHY by ALBERT E. PALMERLEE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS Library Series, 19 Maps of LAWRENCE: UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LIBRARIES: 1965 THE UNIVERSITY...

Palmerlee, Albert E.

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

(AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results This...

29

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District Fuel Cell Transit Buses...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Results Update This report is an update to the 2007 preliminary results report on hydrogen fuel cell and diesel buses operating at Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District....

30

CS 4317 Human-Computer Interaction Course Number: CS4317  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interaction. Theory of human-computer interaction. Development methods for interfaces such as user1 CS 4317 Human-Computer Interaction Course Number: CS4317 Course Title: Human-Computer Interaction Course Instructors Nigel Ward Course Description: CS4317: Models and methods of human-computer

Ward, Karen

31

1998 International Conference on Robotics and Automation c 1998 IEEE Leuven, Belgium, 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and orientations is frequently encountered in robotics (planning of tra- jectories in welding and painting1998 International Conference on Robotics and Automation c 1998 IEEE Leuven, Belgium, 1998 Two

Zefran, Milo?

32

-The Core of CS -Curricula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Advanced Courses #12;The Core of CS Curricula #12;CS Body of Knowledge Area > Unit > Topic Core vs elective#12;ACM vs U S I #12;- The Core of CS - Curricula - Introductory Courses - Intermediate Courses Introductory Intermediate Advanced Core Elective Units #12;Courses Introductory Intermediate Advanced Core

Hauswirth, Matthias

33

Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Agency/Company /Organization Government of Costa Rica, Peace with Nature Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.paxnatura.org/pax_n Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Costa Rica[1] Overview References ↑ "Costa Rica" Retrieved from

34

Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgium.and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgiumgender. Methods: Data from the USA (Baltimore and Seattle),

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

CRITICALITY SAFETY (CS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Objective CS.1 - A criticality safety program is established, sufficient numbers of qualified personnel are provided, and adequate facilities and equipment are available to ensure criticality safety support services are adequate for safe operations. (Core Requirements 1, 2, and 6) Criteria * Functions, assignments, responsibilities, and reporting relationships are clearly defined, understood, and effectively implemented. * Operations support personnel for the criticality safety area are adequately staffed and trained. Approach Record Review: Review the documentation that establishes the Criticality Safety Requirements (CSRs) for appropriateness and completeness. Review for adequacy and completion the criticality safety personnel training records that indicate training on facility procedures and systems under

36

CRITICALITY SAFETY (CS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OBJECTIVE CS.1 The LANL criticality safety program provides the required technical guidance and oversight capabilities to ensure a comprehensive criticality safety program for the storage of nuclear materials in SSTs. (Core Requirements 3, 4, 8) Criteria * The Criticality Safety Program is an administrative TSR and meets the General and * Specific Requirements of DOE O 420.1A, Section 4.3 Nuclear Criticality Safety. * All processes and operations involving significant quantities of fissile materials are * described in current procedures approved by line management. * Procedures contain approved criticality controls and limits, based on HSR-6 evaluations and recommendations. * Supervisors, operations personnel, and criticality safety officers have received

37

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Blog Archive » Belgium's Ghent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Belgium's Ghent University Prepares Its E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011 Belgium's Ghent University Prepares Its E-Cube for Solar Decathlon 2011 Friday, June 10, 2011 By Erik Hyrkas Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from DOE's Energy Blog. In honor of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon-which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive-we are profiling each of the 20 teams participating in the competition. Ghent University's unique two-story house could be an international star at the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon this year because of the Belgium team's innovative, ultra-efficient, passive design of the E-Cube. Alt: Photo of a small construction site tucked in an urban setting. In the middle is E-Cube.

38

DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Belgium) (Belgium) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name DLC+VIT4IP Country Belgium Coordinates 50.282318°, 4.910889° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.282318,"lon":4.910889,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

The Changing Electricity System in Belgium/Europe and Related Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Changing Electricity System in Belgium/Europe and Related Research The Changing Electricity System in Belgium/Europe and Related Research Speaker(s): Johan Driesen Date: April 30, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 In the first part of the seminar, the changes in the electricity system in Europe in general and Belgium in particular are highlighted. These changes are partly technology-driven and partly imposed by the on-going deregulation according the EU guidelines. This has brought about many initiatives to introduce renewable energies and power-efficient systems, but also political problems and a heavy congestion problem. A short overview will be given, thereby indicating the differences with the US.The second part will discuss some recent and on-going research projects of the electrical energy research group and the Energy Institute of the

40

Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incae Business School, Costa Rica Incae Business School, Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Incae Business School Name Incae Business School Address http://www.incae.edu/ Place Costa Rica References http://www.incae.edu/ No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization Mission To actively promote the comprehensive development of the countries served, educating leaders in key sectors by improving their practices, attitudes, and values: Through research, teaching and the dissemination of modern managerial concepts and techniques By strengthening analytical capabilities and comprehension of economic, social, and political phenomena By promoting dialogue, understanding and cooperation amongst individuals, sectors, and countries References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incae_Business_School,_Costa_Rica&oldid=543416"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Costa Rica Central America References EC-LEDS[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Framework 3 Lessons Learned and Good Practices 4 Progress and Outcomes 5 Fact Sheet 6 References Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a

42

Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of State, United States Department of Agriculture Partner Multiple Ministries of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Land Use Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://transition.usaid.gov/ou Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Costa Rica Central America References Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program[1] Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a U.S. Government initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable,

43

Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica: Perspectives and Conclusions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the numbers presented in the different taxonomic chapters of the present book, the marine biodiversity of Costa Rica comprises a total of ... species, representing about 3.5% of all marine species re...

Ingo S. Wehrtmann; Jorge Corts

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Environmental correlates to amphibian and reptile diversity in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amphibians and reptiles of Costa Rica to examine these species diversity components at the regional scale. To accomplish this, existing species lists were compiled from the literature. Additionally, three herpetofaunal surveys were conducted at under surveyed...

Laurencio, David Edelman

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Spring 2006 CS 649 1 Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Execution engine for scripting language · Code size #12;Programming Wireless Sensors Spring 2006 CS 649 3Spring 2006 CS 649 1 CS649 Sensor Networks Lecture 25: Reprogramming Andreas Terzis http://hinrg.cs.jhu.edu/wsn06/ #12;Outline Spring 2006 CS 649 2 · Problem: Reprogram the network after it is deployed

Amir, Yair

46

European Wind Energy Conference -Brussels, Belgium, April 2008 Data mining for wind power forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Wind Energy Conference - Brussels, Belgium, April 2008 Data mining for wind power-term forecasting of wind energy produc- tion up to 2-3 days ahead is recognized as a major contribution the improvement of predic- tion systems performance is recognised as one of the priorities in wind energy research

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

47

The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica, 1838-1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costa Rica is often cited as a "model" for environmental conservation. This dissertation seeks to track the history of conservation efforts in Costa Rica via analysis of the development of its national parks and other ...

Evans, Sterling

1997-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - area costa rica Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the lowest score of these four areas. UGA Costa Rica was re-evaluated in April 2010... Panama. According to Costa Rica's National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC - Sistema...

49

AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curves. Average cost of agrochemicals in Costa Rica, 2006-6.5. Average cost of agrochemicals in Costa Rica, 2006-2008.on tools, machinery or agrochemicals. As coffee prices

Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Rechnerarchitekturen und Betriebssysteme (CS201)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-471-26272-2 Uebungen: Labor-Stil (Elektronikkasten, Sensor µ-Prozessoren wie "Berkeley Motes", Arduino, Lego Mindstorm Raspberry Pi ($ 35), Arduino, Projekt Microduino . . . c Christian Tschudin CS201 ­ Rechnerarchitekturen und

Vetter, Thomas

51

CAES MaCS Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is largely made possible through its partnership with the Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF). MaCS is complementary to the Boise State Center for...

52

Why students drop out CS1 course?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study focuses on CS minor students' decisions to drop out from the CS1 course. The high level of drop out percentage has been a problem at Helsinki University of Technology for many years. This course has yearly enrolment of 500-600 students and ... Keywords: CS1, drop out reasons, non-major CS students

Pivi Kinnunen; Lauri Malmi

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Ts&Cs FP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6/14/11 6/14/11 Page 1 of 17 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FP (06/14/11) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. FP01 - ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) Contractor, by signing this contract and/or delivering items or services ordered under this contract, agrees to comply with all the Ts&Cs and all specifications and other documents that this contract incorporated by reference or attachment. Sandia hereby objects to any Ts&Cs contained in any acknowledgment of this contract

54

NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Exclosure at the Cañas site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Daubenmire, J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a derived savanna was determined at the Cañas study site in north-western Costa Rica. Monthly dynamics of above-ground plant matter (live biomass, total live + dead standing crop and estimated mortality) were monitored from July 1969 to June 1970. The Cañas study site (10.4 N 85.1 W) was situated 8 km northwest of the town of Cañas in Guanacaste Province, 1.8 km from the Cañas (La Pacifica)

55

INTEGRATING MEETING RESULTS IN ORGANISATIONS Carlos J. Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTEGRATING MEETING RESULTS IN ORGANISATIONS Carlos J. Costa Departamento de Ciências e Tecnologias of the 1980's as the Holy Grail to improve meeting processes and outcomes (Fjermestad and Hiltz, 1999 and J. Dias (2001) Integrating Meeting Results in Organizations. Enterprise Information Systems Ii. B

Antunes, Pedro

56

Organisational Integration of Meeting Results Carlos J. Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Organisational Integration of Meeting Results Carlos J. Costa Departamento de Ciências e, Universidade de Lisboa J. Ferreira Dias Departamento de Ciências de Gestão, ISCTE, Lisboa ABSTRACT This paper to a funeral." From the beginning of the 1980's, Electronic Meeting Systems have been viewed as the Holy Grail

Antunes, Pedro

57

09/15/2011! CS4961! CS4961 Parallel Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.out ·Note that editing on water is somewhat primitive ­ I'm using vim. Apparently, you can edit on CADE machines and just run on water. Or you can try vim, too. 09/15/2011! CS4961! 4! #12;9/15/11 2 Today

Hall, Mary W.

58

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

59

SF6432-CS Commercial Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7/31/13 7/31/13 Page 1 of 18 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CS (07/2013) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY CANCELLATION OR TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE CHANGES COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS DEFINITIONS DISPUTES EXCUSABLE DELAYS EXPORT CONTROL ORDER OF PRECEDENCE PAYMENT PERFORMANCE EVALUATION PROGRAM

60

Contra Costa County, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Contra Costa County, California: Energy Resources Contra Costa County, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.8534093°, -121.9017954° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.8534093,"lon":-121.9017954,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Costa Mesa, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Mesa, California: Energy Resources Costa Mesa, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.6411316°, -117.9186689° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.6411316,"lon":-117.9186689,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

62

Port Costa, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa, California: Energy Resources Costa, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.0463097°, -122.1833005° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.0463097,"lon":-122.1833005,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

63

Farmer involvement in a reforestation research project in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The government of Costa Rica has several reasons not only to subsidize reforestation efforts, but also to create reserves and parks. First, ecotourism brings in hard currency so there is a need to preserve the natural habitat in order to attract and stay..., Pergamon Press. Wallace, G. N. 1993. Wildlands and ecotourism in Latin America. Journal of Forestry. February: 37-40. Winterbottom, R. T. 6 Haselwood, P. T. 1987. Agroforestry and sustainable development: making the connection. Ambio. 16: 100-110. 29...

Toness, Anna Sutherland

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Third Evaluation Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report describes operations at Alameda-Contra Costa Transit district for three protoype fuel cell buses and six diesel buses operating from the same location.

65

4 Questions for a Better Buildings Case Competition Judge: Marc Costa of the Energy Coalition  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Meet Marc Costa of The Energy Coalition and find out how the Better Buildings Case Competition can serve as a recruiting tool for energy organizations.

66

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Third Evaluation Report- Appendices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report describes operations at Alameda-Contra Costa Transit district for three protoype fuel cell buses and six diesel buses operating from the same location.

67

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Evalluation Results Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report is an update to the 2007 preliminary results report on hydrogen fuel cell and diesel buses operating at Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District.

68

Reactive barriers for {sup 137}Cs retention  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{sup 137}Cs was dispersed globally by cold war activities and, more recently, by the Chernobyl accident. Engineered extraction of {sup 137}Cs from soils and groundwaters is exceedingly difficult. Because the half life of {sup 137}Cs is only 30.2 years, remediation might be more effective (and less costly) if {sup 137}Cs bioavailability could be demonstrably limited for even a few decades by use of a reactive barrier. Essentially permanent isolation must be demonstrated in those few settings where high nuclear level wastes contaminated the environment with {sup 135}Cs (half life 2.3x10{sup 6} years) in addition to {sup 137}Cs. Clays are potentially a low-cost barrier to Cs movement, though their long-term effectiveness remains untested. To identify optimal clays for Cs retention Cs resorption was measured for five common clays: Wyoming Montmorillonite (SWy-1), Georgia Kaolinites (KGa-1 and KGa-2), Fithian Illite (F-Ill), and K-Metabentonite (K-Mbt). Exchange sites were pre-saturated with 0.16 M CsCl for 14 days and readily exchangeable Cs was removed by a series of LiNO{sub 3} and LiCl washes. Washed clay were then placed into dialysis bags and the Cs release to the deionized water outside the bags measured. Release rates from 75 to 139 days for SWy-1, K-Mbt and F- 111 were similar; 0.017 to 0.021% sorbed Cs released per day. Both kaolinites released Cs more rapidly (0.12 to 0.05% of the sorbed Cs per day). In a second set of experiments, clays were doped for 110 days and subjected to an extreme and prolonged rinsing process. All the clays exhibited some capacity for irreversible Cs uptake so most soils have some limited ability to act as a natural barrier to Cs migration. However, the residual loading was greatest on K-Mbt ({approximately} 0.33 wt% Cs). Thus, this clay would be the optimal material for constructing artificial reactive barriers.

KRUMHANSL,JAMES L.; BRADY,PATRICK V.; ANDERSON,HOWARD L.

2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

6th European Conference on Ecological Restoration Ghent, Belgium, 8-12/09/2008 A GEOMORPHIC APPROACH FOR THE ECOLOGICAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports unique bio and geodiversity in Spain, with distinctive aquatic ecosystems (a Natural Park and two6th European Conference on Ecological Restoration Ghent, Belgium, 8-12/09/2008 1 A GEOMORPHIC APPROACH FOR THE ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION OF KAOLIN MINES AT THE UPPER TAGUS NATURAL PARK (SPAIN) MARTÍN

70

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

71

Survey of the {sup 137}Cs contamination in Belgium by in-situ gamma spectrometry, a decade after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The residual radiocesium concentration, nearly 10 y after the Chernobyl accident, is measured at different sites on the Belgian territory by means of in-situ gamma-spectrometry. A possible link between the rainfall at the beginning of May 1986 and the actual cesium concentration is investigated. The radiological impact of this contamination, even in the most affected regions in the Ardennes, is very small (<6 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}). 6 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Uyttenhove, J. [Univ. of Gent (Belgium); Pomme, S.; Hardenman, F. [Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Boeretang (Belgium); Culot, J.P. [A.V. Nuclear, Brussels (Belgium)] [and others

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Ts&Cs FP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0-09) Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for 0-09) Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Firm-Fixed Price Contracts Owner: Procurement Policy & Quality Dept Initial Release Date: 10/22/09 Page 1 of 16 PPQD-TMPLT-008R00 Template Release Date: 06/12/09 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Before using a printed copy to perform work, verify the version against the electronic document to ensure you are using the correct version. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-FP (10-09) Section II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIRM-FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. FP01 - ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) Contractor, by

73

ARM STM Plenary: CS Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 ARM Science Team Meeting 2008 Warren Wiscombe ARM Chief Scientist Brookhaven National Lab Mar 2008 ARM Plenary 2 ARM Chief Scientist Team ARM Chief Scientist Team Ric Cederwall Andy Vogelmann Sharon Zuhoski Yangang Liu Pavlos Kollias Mar 2008 ARM Plenary 3 Submit your... Submit your... science highlights (www.arm.gov) poster PDFs (esp if you win CS Design Award) feedback in text boxes on ARM web pages Also... vote for People's Choice Poster talk to our Thu morning speakers Mar 2008 ARM Plenary 4 Mar 2008 ARM Plenary 5 Existing Existing * CLOWD (Clouds with Low Optical Depth) * BBHRP (BroadBand Heating Rate Profile) * Radar Focus Groups Focus Groups New New * Vertical Velocity for Climate Modelers * Longwave/Microwave * Surface Fluxes Mar 2008 ARM Plenary 6 ARM ARM ' ' s s two fundamental science questions

74

CS348 Project 1 Oracle Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS348 Project 1 Oracle Project Due Date: 2/12/2009 You are going to use Oracle to design a simple; if nothing else, mark each query with its number. Turnin You may turn in the project for grading using the procedure described below. Run the following shell command (see 'man turnin' for details): turnin -c cs348

Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

75

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

76

Proposed BS in CS, Option IV, 2008-2010 Catalog Proposed MS in CS, 2009-2011 Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH/ GENERAL CULTURE (3) CS 336 CS 337 INTERNSHIP FOR LANG (3-5) EE 316 M 340L FOR LANG (3-5) Lab Sci

Julien, Christine

77

Search Engine Technologies CS 5319, Spring 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Search Engine Technologies CS 5319, Spring 2007 Nigel Ward Sample Project Ideas 1. I would like in the guest department similar to the target person, ranked by similarity. 2. The Dean would like an intranet

Ward, Nigel

78

Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis Website http://tech-action.org/ Country Costa Rica Central America References UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program[1] Abstract UNEP DTIE in collaboration with the UNEP Risoe Centre will provide targeted financial, technical and methodological support to assist a total of 35 to 45 countries to conduct TNA projects Overview "Technology needs assessment (TNA) is a set of country-driven activities that identifies and determines the mitigation and adaptation technology

79

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Transport and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

80

Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Costa Rica Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

82

Mammals of the La SelvaBraulio Carrillo Complex, Costa Rica.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ResumenEl complejo La Selva-Braulio Carrillo de Costa Rica abarca un pasillo protejido de 60 kilmetros de bosque pluvial y selva nublada del Caribe. Extendindose desde 30 metros sobre el nivel del mar, en la Estacin ...

Timm, Robert M.; Wilson, Don E.; Clauson, Barbara L.; LaVal, Richard K.; Vaughan, Christopher S.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Economics of Selected Energy Applications of Peat in Panama and Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies were performed to determine the economic competitiveness of peat in Costa Rica and Panama. The options examined were (1) electrical production in Panama, and (2) industrial boilers and cement ... found th...

Gary Thayer; Ramirez E. Oldemar

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - amerindia costa rica Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America, showing NASA-SRTM topography for Summary: for Nicaragua and Costa Rica linked to offshore IFM-GEOMAR multi-beam bathymetry (courtesy of C. Ranero, ICM... -CSIC, Barcelona;...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - appendices alameda-contra costa Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

V E N T U R A B A S I N GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT 1 Summary: Alameda Contra Costa Fresno Kern Kings Los Angeles Monterey Orange San Benito San Bernardino San Luis Source: California...

86

Pacific Coasts of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Pacific Ocean coastline of Central America extends along the western to southwestern shores of six countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama (Fig. 3.2.1 ...

Anja Scheffers; Tony Browne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Emergence and Development of Classical Saxophone Repertoire in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costa Rican art composers have written a significant amount of music works for classical saxophone in the late 20th century, thus contributing to the development of a saxophone music repertoire in general. Their compositions, ...

Valerio, Jose Javier

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

E-Print Network 3.0 - acuifero barva costa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Wisconsin at Madison Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 3 Amer J of Potato Res (2001) 78:91-98 91 Solanum Section Petota in Costa Rica Summary: Amer J of Potato...

89

Fast CsI-phoswich detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved phoswich radiation detector used pure CsI crystal and a fast plastic scintillator and a single photomultiplier tube. The plastic is arranged to receive incident radiation, and that which passed through then strikes the CsI crystal. Scintillation light from both the plastic and CsI crystal are applied to the photomultiplier tube, with the light from the plastic passing through the crystal without absorption therein. Electronics are provided for analyzing the output of the photomultiplier tube to discriminate responses due to the plastic and the CsI crystal, through short gate and long gate integration, to produce results which are indicative of the characteristics of the different types of incident radiation, even in the presence of large amounts of radiation. The phoswich detector has excellent timing resolution. The scintillators of the CsI- phoswich were chosen for their fast risetimes, of about 3 ns for NE102A, and 30 ns for the pure CsI. 5 figs.

Langenbrunner, J.R.

1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Fast CsI-phoswich detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved phoswich radiation detector used pure CsI crystal and a fast plastic scintillator and a single photomultiplier tube. The plastic is arranged to receive incident radiation, and that which passed through then strikes the CsI crystal. Scintillation light from both the plastic and CsI crystal are applied to the photomultiplier tube, with the light from the plastic passing through the crystal without absorption therein. Electronics are provided for analyzing the output of the photomultiplier tube to discriminate responses due to the plastic and the CsI crystal, through short gate and long gate integration, to produce results which are indicative of the characteristics of the different types of incident radiation, even in the presence of large amounts of radiation. The phoswich detector has excellent timing resolution. The scintillators of the CsI- phoswich were chosen for their fast risetimes, of about 3 ns for NE102A, and 30 ns for the pure CsI.

Langenbrunner, James R. (1024 Osage Cir., Santa Fe, NM 87501)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Development of an Environmental Conscience: A Conservation History of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management; The Non-Governmental Ap proach; Changes in Agriculture towards Sustainable Development; Environmental Education: Protection for the Future) VI. From National Parks to National Conscience- 126 ("Oro Verde!": Ecotourism for Eco nomic Growth... cally wealthy regions of Mexico and Peru because of world fasci nation with gold and silver (Gomez and Savage, 1983). Two events outside of Costa Rica, however, reversed forever the scientific 9 cornrnunityfs disinterest in Costa Rica's tropical...

Evans, Sterling

1992-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Social Structure and Process of a Banana Plantation on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Central American Theses and Dissertations Collection Social Structure and Process of a Banana Plantation on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica Professor in Charge Cesar X. Hernndez Cela Committee Members E... Communications program at the University of Kansas Libraries Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PROCESS OF A BANANA PLANTATION ON THE PACIFIC COAST OF COSTA RICA by Francisco .Escobar A.B., University of...

Escobar, Francisco

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Cs-137: a tool for quantifying soil erosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It is important to note the differences in Cs-137 concentration of cultivated and noncultivated soil when studying the behavior of Cs-137 in the watershed systems because redistribution of Cs-137 is influenced by depth of mixing (Ritchie and McHenry, 1973... (Keppel, 1969). Cs-137 is also returned to the soil in the form of animal manure (Ncgenry and Ritchie, 1977). The effect of animals and vegetation on the redistribution of Cs-137 in the soil introduces some error in the use of Cs-137 to estimate erosion...

Lavelle, Adrienne Renee

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

NPS-CS-06-007 POSTGRADUATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 5d. PROJECT-CS-06-007 Office of Naval Research One Liberty Center 875 North Randolph Street, Suite 1425 Arlington Systems Security Studies and Research (CISR) is working on a project known as the Trusted Computing

95

CS2223, Project 1 Intro to Lua  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS2223, Project 1 Intro to Lua: Measuring and Counting Sorting Behaviors Due midnight, Monday, 5 executing the file contents. Project goals. The goals of this homework are for you to familiarize yourself a copy of an array so that the original will not be lost when procedures modify the copy. print array

Guttman, Joshua

96

CS486 Course Syllabus Winter 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and intractable computations. b) Prerequisites: CS386 Introduction to Automata Theory. c) This course is elective the concept of NP-completeness and its importance in the P vs NP question. Brief list of topics to be covered. Polynomial time many-one reductions. Cook's Theorem. NP-completeness and the P vs NP question. Laboratory

Crespi, Valentino

97

Spring 2006 CS 649 1 Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density deployment · Energy constraints · Power usage · Classification of algorithms · Examples >> sensor range) #12;Energy Constraints Spring 2006 CS 649 4 · Not always possible to do additional deployment (e.g. emergency services). · Untethered operation due to lack of infrastructure precludes the use

Amir, Yair

98

DIFFUSION OF Na AND Cs IN MONTMORILLONITE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...isothermal-isobaric Monte Carlo simulations (NPT-ensemble) at a temperature of 298 K and a pressure...the Cs ions in smectite are in a more disordered environment in expanded layers (i...simulations) potential functions for proteins, energy minimizations for crystals of...

Georg Kosakowski; Sergey V. Churakov; Tres Thoenen

99

CS252/Patterson Graduate Computer Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? 1.0 inch form factor in long term? · Tapes ­ No investment, must be backwards compatible: Goal was performance, popularity due to reliability of storage · Disk Mirroring, Shadowing (RAID 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 CS252/Patterson Lec 6.4 2/2/01 Outline · Reliability Terminology · Examlpes

California at Berkeley, University of

100

Marine Ecosystems Acous&cs Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrophone deployments · Ishmael & Seas: In-house bio- and geo-acous@c analysis so\\ware (online free-ware) Technology Transfer to Opera&ons · Passive acous@c recording module are acous@cally oriented Why is passive acous&cs ideal for ocean monitoring

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Year First name Surname Mentor CS1 Mark Askew Jenny Coady  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jamie Gabbay CS2 Ugis Laimins Jenny Coady CS2 Michael Laing Peter King CS2 Gordon MacDougall Jenny Coady

Painter, Kevin

102

COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org COST Action A22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org COST Action A22 Exploring Development, Brussels, 19 September, 2005 Kristian Borch (Coordinator) & Ted Fuller (Chair) #12;COST ACTON A22;COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org United Kingdom 06/08/2003Malta

103

Radiation damage in undoped CsI and CsI(Tl)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation damage has been studied in undoped CsI and CsI(TI) crystals using [sup 60]Co gamma radiation for doses up to [approximately] 4.2 [times] 10[sup 6]. Samples from various manufacturers were measured ranging in size from 2.54 cm long cylinders to a 30 cm long block. Measurements were made on the change in optical transmission and scintillation light output as a function of dose. Although some samples showed a small change in transmission, a significant change in light output was observed for all samples. Recovery from damage was also studied as a function of time and exposure to UV light. A short lived phosphorescence was observed in undoped CsI, similar to the phosphorescence seen in CsI(TI).

Woody, C.L.; Kierstead, J.A.; Levy, P.W.; Stoll, S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Radiation damage in undoped CsI and CsI(Tl)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation damage has been studied in undoped CsI and CsI(TI) crystals using {sup 60}Co gamma radiation for doses up to {approximately} 4.2 {times} 10{sup 6}. Samples from various manufacturers were measured ranging in size from 2.54 cm long cylinders to a 30 cm long block. Measurements were made on the change in optical transmission and scintillation light output as a function of dose. Although some samples showed a small change in transmission, a significant change in light output was observed for all samples. Recovery from damage was also studied as a function of time and exposure to UV light. A short lived phosphorescence was observed in undoped CsI, similar to the phosphorescence seen in CsI(TI).

Woody, C.L.; Kierstead, J.A.; Levy, P.W.; Stoll, S.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

CS Wind Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CS Wind Tech Co Ltd CS Wind Tech Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name CS Wind Tech Co Ltd Place Lianyungang, China Zip 222049 Sector Wind energy Product China-based wind turbine tower maker, a subsidiary of Korea's CS Corporation. References CS Wind Tech Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. CS Wind Tech Co Ltd is a company located in Lianyungang, China . References ↑ "CS Wind Tech Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CS_Wind_Tech_Co_Ltd&oldid=343989" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

106

Estudio intrapases de la competitividad global desde el enfoque del doble diamante para Puerto Rico, Costa Rica y Singapur  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resumen Muchos investigadores y economistas han argumentado que los estudios de competitividad del WEF e IMD muestran limitaciones en pequeas economas, ms an cuando estas tienen caractersticas distintas. El objetivo de esta investigacin es estudiar la competitividad de 3 pequeas economas: Puerto Rico, Costa Rica y Singapur. El modelo del doble-diamante de competitividad resulta til a la hora de llevar a cabo esta tarea. La informacin procede de organismos internacionales. Los resultados muestran que Singapur goza de un mayor nivel de competitividad global comparado con Puerto Rico y Costa Rica. Concluimos que Puerto Rico y Costa Rica lucen equilibrados en competitividad, porque internacionalmente Puerto Rico aventaja a Costa Rica en 3 determinantes: condiciones de factores, condiciones de la demanda e industrias relacionadas y de apoyo; mientras que localmente Costa Rica es ms competitivo que Puerto Rico en 3 factores domsticos: condiciones de factores, condiciones de demanda y estrategia de las firmas. Abstract Many researchers and economists have argued that competitiveness studies conducted by WEF and IMD, show limitations in small-economies, even more when they have different characteristics. The objective of this research is to study the competitiveness of three small-economies: Puerto Rico, Costa Rica and Singapore. The double-diamond model of competitiveness is useful when performing this task. With data obtain from international organizations. The findings suggest that Singapore shows a higher level of global competitiveness compared to Puerto Rico and Costa Rica. We conclude that Puerto Rico and Costa Rica have similar levels of competitiveness, because internationally Puerto Rico leads to Costa Rica on 3 determinants: factor conditions, demand conditions and related industries. On the other hand, Costa Rica is locally more competitive than Puerto Rico in 3 domestic factors: factor conditions, demand conditions and firm's strategy.

Segundo Castro-Gonzles; Jess Pea-Vinces; Alex J. Ruiz-Torres; Juan Carlos Sosa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Southern Opposition Front in Costa Rica During the Contra War: 1980-1988  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the FDN versus the early SOF. In San Jose, they used CIA funds to set up pro-FDN Radio Impacto as well as build support among the Costa Rican ultra-right.6 ECN (Nicaraguan Christian Army) The ECN was also known as the ECLIN (Christian Army... government nine months previously announced in San Jose, Costa Rica that the Sandinistas should be removed from power.2 The CIA saw in Pastora a symbol of authenticity that could be positively projected upon the Nicaraguan populace. In reality, Pastora...

Fritz, Bruce W.

1995-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

108

stanford hci group / cs376 http://cs376.stanford.eduScott Klemmer 19 October 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 stanford hci group / cs376 http://cs376.stanford.eduScott Klemmer · 19 October 2006 Distributed with Ed Hutchins in the spring of 05... #12;3 Integration of Thinking and Doing Clearboard's tech

Klemmer, Scott

109

NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Renewable Energy Resource Type: Presentation, Training materials, Online calculator Website: www.nrel.gov/international/ Country: Costa Rica Central America Coordinates: 9.748917°, -83.753428° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.748917,"lon":-83.753428,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

110

A global optimization approach for Lennard-Jones microclusters Costas D. Maranas and Christodoulos A. Floudasa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the global minimum energy configuration of Lennard-Jones microclusters. First, the original nonconvex total the total potential energy function. Then, a decomposition strategy based on the global optimization (GOPA global optimization approach for Lennard-Jones microclusters Costas D. Maranas and Christodoulos

Maranas, Costas

111

Energy Consumption Tools Pack Leandro Fontoura Cupertino, Georges DaCosta,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption Tools Pack Leandro Fontoura Cupertino, Georges DaCosta, Amal Sayah, Jean Consumption Tools Pack 1 / 23 #12;Outline 1 Introduction Motivation Our proposal 2 Energy Consumption Tools Energy Consumption Library Data Acquisition Tool Data Monitoring Tool Energy Profiler 3 Conclusions

Lefèvre, Laurent

112

2010 IEEE Information Theory Workshop -ITW 2010 Dublin The enumeration of Costas arrays of order 28  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Drakakis, Scott.Rickard}@ucd.ie Autodesk Research, 210 King Street, East Toronto, Ontario M5A 1J7, Canada Email: Francesco.Iorio@autodesk.com Abstract--We present the results of the enumeration of Costas arrays of order

Drakakis, Konstantinos

113

Mapping success in protecting forests For Costa Rica's parks and reserves, a threatened location is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mapping success in protecting forests For Costa Rica's parks and reserves, a threatened location and forest reserves and refuges have long been the most common approach to forest conservation. Every year and Thomas, 2006). And with the recognition of the role of deforestation of greenhouse gas emissions, shifts

Pfaff, Alex

114

Chemical Analysis and Ecohydrological Effects of Aerosols in a Costa Rican Tropical Forest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequency and duration. They are less abundant at lower elevations where water deficiency is a limiting (La Bastille and Poole, 1978; Stadmuller, 1987; Hemp, 2010; Zadroga, 1981). This altitudinal Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), there are 477 cloud forest sites found in 62 countries. Costa Rica

115

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies with n nodes. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic

Mavronicolas, Marios

116

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic and one

Magdon-Ismail, Malik

117

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch Rensselaer that matches the lower bound (C + D). Motivated from optical networks, we study the extreme case of hot-potato routing in which the nodes are bufferless. In hot-potato routing, packets may be unable to follow

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

118

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch Malik Magdon-Ismail Marios Mavronicolas Roger Wattenhofer§ February 8, 2004 Abstract In hot-potato (deflection) routing, nodes in the network have. Denote by rt the optimal routing time for a given routing problem. We construct the first hot-potato

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

119

Nuclear Quadrupole Interaction in CsF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric resonance method of molecular beam spectroscopy has been used under high resolution conditions to study the rotational Stark spectrum of CsF for a single rotational state of the molecule, J=1. In this method polar molecules in a single rotational state and a particular state of space quantization are selected from a molecular beam by means of inhomogeneous electric fields which give the desired molecules a unique, sigmoid path in the apparatus. Changes in the beam intensity are observed when a change in the space quantization of the molecule is produced by an oscillating electric field transverse to a homogeneous, steady electric field. For weak electric fields the observed line widths agree well with the estimated uncertainty width of 10 kc/sec. At stronger fields inhomogeneities in the field cause a broadening of the lines. At sufficiently strong fields the spectrum for CsF contains several broad lines, each of which is due to transitions of molecules in a particular vibrational state. As the field strength is decreased the resolution improves and these lines reveal a complex fine structure, the principal features of which can be explained by the interaction of the electric quadrupole moment of the Cs nucleus, spin 7/2, with the molecular electrons and the F nucleus. The F nucleus, spin 1/2, has no quadrupole moment. A complete, quantitative explanation of the spectra requires the existence of a cosine type coupling between the nuclear spins and the molecular spin of the form cIJ, and a correction for the spin-spin interaction of the two nuclei. At weak fields a different type of spectrum appears, permitting an independent evaluation of the nuclear-molecular interactions. The data allows a determination of both the magnitude and sign of the interaction constants. The quadrupole interaction, defined by (e2q?Q2h), is (+0.3100.002) mc/sec. The constants, ch, for the IJ interactions for F and Cs are, respectively, (+162) kc/sec and (01) kc/sec. The difference in the quadrupole interaction for the first two vibrational states is less than the experimental error; i.e., less than one percent. Application of the method to the measurement of various molecular constants is discussed briefly at the end of the paper.

J. W. Trischka

1948-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Scattering of CsF by Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute differential and total cross sections for the scattering of CsF by 0.6- to 6.5- eV electrons have been measured using the molecular-beam recoil technique. The first-Born-approximation differential cross section is used as the theoretical model to fit the data. The experimental differential cross sections rise more sharply near 0 than predicted. Total cross sections derived from our measurements are a factor of 1.5 to 4 smaller than the first-approximation results.

Richard C. Slater; Michael G. Fickes; Richard C. Stern

1972-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

K2CsSb Cathode Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

K{sub 2}CsSb is an attractive photocathode for high current applications. With a quantum efficiency of >4% at 532nm and >10% at 355nm, it is the only cathode to have demonstrated an average current of 35mA in an accelerator environment We describe ongoing cathode development work. for the energy recovery linac being constructed at BNL Several cathodes have been created on both copper and stainless steel substrates, and their spatial uniformity and spectral response have been characterized. Preliminary lifetime measurements have been performed at high average current densities (>1 mA/mm{sup 2}).

Smedley,J.; Rao, T.; Wang, E.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A new species of Ptiloglossa from Mexico, with new records of Ptiloglossa cyaniventris from Panama and Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new bee species of the genus Ptiloglossa Smith (Colletidae: Diphaglossinae: Caupolicanini) is described and figured from Jalisco, Mexico, while new records are provided for Ptiloglossa cyaniventris Friese from Panama and a single locality in Costa...

Ayala, Ricardo; Engel, Michael S.

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

123

Specialty Coffee in Costa Rica: Effect of Environmental Factors and Management Options on Soil Chemistry and Microbial Composition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the Central Valley of Costa Rica in the Department of Heredia, I investigated the soil chemical properties and microbial communities under four native shade tree species in a coffee agroforestry system. In the second year of the study, Effective...

Sturm-Flores, Linda

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

124

Redescription of Charaxicephaloides polyorchis Groschaft and Tenora 1978 (Digenea: Pronocephalidae) from the green turtle Chelonia mydas in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charaxicephaloides polyorchis...Groschaft and Tenora, 1978 is redescribed on the basis of specimens collected from the stomach of green turtles Chelonia mydas in Costa Rica. Our specimens are con...

M. Santoro; P. Brandmayr; E. C. Greiner; J. A. Morales

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Medium-spin structure of {sup 145}Cs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excited states in {sup 145}Cs, populated following the spontaneous fission of {sup 248}Cm, were studied by means of prompt-gamma spectroscopy, using the EUROGAM2 multidetector array. A new level scheme of {sup 145}Cs was proposed. We identified a decoupled band corresponding to 1/2[550] proton configuration and interpreted the ground-state band as a mixed configuration of 1/2[440] and 3/2[422] proton orbitals. Quasiparticle-rotor calculations performed for {sup 145}Cs support such assignments. The electric dipole moment in {sup 145}Cs, D{sub 0}=0.013(4) efm, is smaller than in lighter Cs isotopes, which suggests that octupole correlations in Cs isotopes decrease at the neutron number N=90, similarly as observed in the {sup 146}Ba and {sup 147}La isotones.

Rzaca-Urban, T. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, PL-00681 Warsaw (Poland); Urban, W. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoza 69, PL-00681 Warsaw (Poland); Institut Laue-Langevin, 6 rue J. Horowitz, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Pinston, J. A.; Simpson, G. S. [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, F-38026 Grenoble Cedex (France); Durell, J. L.; Smith, A. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Ahmad, I. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 Brookfield Energy 8 Brookfield Energy Marketing LP Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-368 Brookfield Energy Marketing LP Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): Application from Brookfield Energy Marketing LP to export electric energy to CanadaA EA-368 Brookfield Energy Marketing LP More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited

127

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EA-365 Centre Land EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): Application from Centre Land Trading Limited to export electric energy to Canada EA- 365 Centre Land Trading Limited More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation

128

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Noble Americas Gas 3 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-363 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation to export electric energy to Mexico EA-363 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation EA-363 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity

129

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of 2009 (Recovery Act) StateRegionalLocal Assistance for Interconnection Transmission Planning and Analysis More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS)...

130

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-363 Noble Americas Gas &...

131

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket...

132

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...

133

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 Brookfield Energy Marketing LP Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-368 Brookfield Energy Marketing...

134

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Framework (EISA 1305) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of...

135

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Program (EISA 1306) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of...

136

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

137

Characterization of Throughfall Heterogeneity in a Tropical Pre-Montane Could Forest in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American tropics are valued for their rich biodiversity, pristine forests, and hydroelectric potential (Chang and Lau, 1983). However, growing populations and ecotourism put stress on their water resources. The increase in water demand and land... to December. Differences in observed seasonality are due to differences in locations, year-to-year variability, and degree of seasonality (Chazdon and Fetcher, 1984). Over the past decade, Costa Rica has seen an increase in ecotourism, particularly during...

Berger, Amelie Cecile

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

138

Economics of selected energy applications of peat in Panama and Costa Rica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies were performed to determine the economic competitiveness of peat in Costa Rica and Panama. The cases examined were (1) electrical production in Panama, and (2) industrial boilers and cement plants in Costa Rica. Based on estimates of peat mining costs and the end-use costs we calculated for each application, the price of coal and oil at which the levelized life cycle cost of energy using peat was the same as that when coal or oil was used. We found that a peat-fueled power plant in Panama would be economic if the price of fuel oil was above $0.10 per liter and the cost of coal was above $40.00 per metric ton delivered. In Costa Rica, peat was competitive with fuel oil for large boilers (34,000 kg of steam per hour) when the cost of oil was above $0.10 per liter. For smaller boilers (5,000 kg of steam per hour) peat was cheaper than fuel oil when oil was above $0.08 per liter. Peat would be competitive in a cement plant when fuel oil prices were above $0.075 per liter. 5 figs.

Thayer, G.R.; Ramirez E., O.; Ramirez, A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Declaring CS or CSE 1. Find an Advisor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Declaring CS or CSE 1. Find an Advisor Find a CS professor or lecturer who verbally agrees to be your advisor. See http://csmajor/FacultyList.php for a list of faculty members. You should meet with him or her in person, either in office hours or by appointment. Write your advisors name here. I have

Pratt, Vaughan

140

Mariya Zhivkova Zheleva http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/mariya/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mariya Zhivkova Zheleva http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/mariya/ mariya@cs.ucsb.edu Education PhD, Department of Computer Science June 2014 (expected) University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA MEng Workshop in Computing (GSWC). Santa Barbara, CA, October, 2012. 1 #12; Posters and Videos ­ Mariya Zheleva

California at Santa Barbara, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Applicability of CS616 Soil Water Sensors for South  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site water balance Image from: (Migliaccio 2007) #12;Background ­ Soil Water Sensors Time DomainApplicability of CS616 Soil Water Sensors for South Florida Urban Soils Kevin Koryto Water: Determine if CS616 soil water sensors are functioning adequately at field site. Hypothesis: Presence of air

Migliaccio, Kati White

142

Extreme ProgrammingCS4150-15 administrivia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme ProgrammingCS4150-15 administrivia today assignment 3 due (last assignment!) extreme from original) project designs due 1 Tuesday, October 19, 2010 #12;Extreme ProgrammingCS4150-15 extreme programming extreme programming (XP) is a recent shift about the last decade plus part of agile development

Damon, Craig A.

143

NERSC/DOE FES Requirements Workshop Worksheet - CS Chang  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CS Chang CS Chang CS Chang FES Requirements Worksheet 1.1. Project Information - Center for Plasma Edge Simulation Document Prepared By CS Chang Project Title Center for Plasma Edge Simulation Principal Investigator CS Chang Participating Organizations New York University, ORNL, PPPL, LBNL, MIT, Columbia U., Rutgers U. Lehigh U., Georgia Tech, Auburn U., U. Colorado, U. California at Irvine, Caltech, Hinton Associates Funding Agencies DOE SC DOE NSA NSF NOAA NIH Other: 2. Project Summary & Scientific Objectives for the Next 5 Years Please give a brief description of your project - highlighting its computational aspect - and outline its scientific objectives for the next 3-5 years. Please list one or two specific goals you hope to reach in 5 years. Develop the XGC large scale edge kinetic codes further for higher fidelity

144

9. CS and discrete probability David Keil CS II 7/02 David Keil 1/03 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probability) · Intuition: given some knowledge of an object, and some statistics about the population1 9. CS and discrete probability David Keil CS II 7/02 David Keil 1/03 1 Computer science and discrete probability · Probability space · Independent and dependent events · Conditional probability

Keil, David M.

145

A comparison of 137 Cs radioactivity in localized evergreen and deciduous plant species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and evergreen foliage at CPSES. Soil 117CS concentrations from each vegetation location were also compared to the foliage 137CS concentrations. The study's objective was to determine if the deciduous and evergreen vegetation 137CS concentrations...

Rangel, Ruben Canales

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OE Docket EA-364 Noble OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): Application from Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation to export electric energy to Canada Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation More Documents & Publications EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC

147

Cosine Interaction in CsF and RbF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of measurements of the line shape of the fluorine resonance versus magnetic field have been made using a molecular-beam apparatus. Good theoretical agreement has been found for RbF. The CsF behavior is complicated by the overlapping Cs spectrum. The equivalent field at the fluorine nucleus per unit molecular rotation, Hr, is found to be 2.280.20 gauss and 3.000.15 gauss for RbF and CsF respectively. These results are less than those previously measured.

G. Bemski; W. A. Nierenberg; H. B. Silsbee

1955-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Direction Program Direction Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Program Direction Based on OE's review of the information concerning the proposal action, the NEPA compliance Officer has determined that the proposed action fits within the specified class of action, other regulatory requirements set forth are met, and proposed action is hereby categorically excluded from further NEPA review. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Program Direction More Documents & Publications Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity

149

ENSEANZA DE INGLS COMO LENGUAJE EXTRANJERO (EILE) ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN COSTA RICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that related to CALL and Costa Rica. One by Queseda (1998) was focused on internet-based English as a second language instruction at the university level. Another was by Umana Aguilar (2003) related to the use of linguistic text banks for translators... and the exploratory quality of the internet motivate students to use their second language. The untiring, non-judgmental nature of the computer makes it an ideal tool to help ELLs feel sufficiently secure to make and correct their own errors without embarrassment...

Nelson, Annabelle

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

150

A taxonomic study of Family Proctophyllodidae and Aloptidae (Analgoidea) of Costa Rican passeriform birds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studiekring Suriname Ned Antillen 80. 184-203. Male. Length, excluding lamellae, 548; width 250. Dorsal idiosoma. Propodosomal shield 145 X 158, without lacunae; setae sci 28 long, separated by 74. Humeral shields with setae 11 lanceolate, 40 long; setae...' dy 11 b~h (F d Two male, 6 female paratypes. Limen prov. , Fines La Lola, Costa Rica. Z5 May 1965. Collected by Dr. K. A. Arnold. yh d I d Pt b d P f ~Th h cristatus (Thraupidae) from Surinam. ZS FIG. 15. ? Trouessartia unciseta Cerny...

Wang, Wen Sam Tsai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

A Cinematic Dialogue between Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Shaping a Transnational Cinema through Filmic Exchanges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

day, a secure social and economic future for its residents, thanks in large part to its non-diverse population and its geographic location and topography. Yet another reason why Costa Rica managed to avoid a turbulent post-independence period is what... standstill, instead subject to the dictatorial whims of the Somozas. After Sandino was executed by Somozas National Guard in 1934, the U.S. officially adopted a non-interventionist policy toward the region, but this was of course a farce, as the Somoza...

Lutsch, Stacy Elaine

2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 EDF Trading North 7 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): Application of EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) to export electric energy to Canada EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) More Documents & Publications EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): OE Docket EA-364 Noble Americas Gas & Power Corporation Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited

153

Introducing Concurrency in CS 1 Kim B. Bruce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing Concurrency in CS 1 Kim B. Bruce Department of Computer Science Pomona College Computer Architecture Re- search", held in December of 2005, identified four grand chal- lenges. One

Danyluk, Andrea Pohoreckyj

154

ARIES-CS COIL STRUCTURE ADVANCED FABRICATION APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: ARIES-CS, advanced fabrication, additive manufacturing Note: Some figures in this paper are in color with conventional means would be very challenging and costly. A new fabrication technology is "additive manufac

California at San Diego, University of

155

The Transfer of Dissolved Cs-137 from Soil to Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapidly maturing plants were grown simultaneously at the same experimental sites under natural conditions at the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Roots of the plants were side by side in the soil. During two seasons we selected samples of the plants and of the soils several times every season. Content of Cs-137 in the plant and in the soil solution extracted from the samples of soils was measured. Results of measurements of the samples show that, for the experimental site, Cs-137 content in the plant varies with date of the sample selection. The plant:soil solution Cs-137 concentration ratio depends strongly on the date of selection and also on the type of soil. After analysis of the data we conclude that Cs-137 plant uptake is approximately proportional to the content of dissolved Cs-137 in the soil per unit of volume, and the plant:soil solution Cs-137 concentration ratio for the soil is approximately proportional to the soil moisture. (authors)

Prorok, V.V.; Melnichenko, L.Yu. [Department of Physics, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 2, build. 1 Acad. Glushkov prospect, Kyiv-680 MSP (Ukraine); Mason, C.F.V. [Research Applications Corporation, 148 Piedra Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544 (United States); Ageyev, V.A.; Ostashko, V.V. [Institute for Nuclear Research, 47 Nauky prospect, Kyiv-680 MSP (Ukraine)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

CsCl Separation From a LiCl-CsCl Mixture by Using a Crystallization Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Separation of CsCl and SrCl{sub 2} from LiCl was carried out by using a noble separation technology, the Czochralski crystallization method. It was experimentally confirmed that Cs as well as Sr could be simultaneously separated from a LiCl molten salt by the suggested crystallization process without any kind of additive or adsorption media. The concentrations of Cs and Sr in the LiCl were decreased from 1.53 wt% and 4.18 wt% in the initial salt to a minimum of 114 ppm and 135 ppm in the grown LiCl crystal respectively. The separation mechanism of Cs and Sr is described by the solubility difference of the solutes between the molten and the solid states. It is expected that the total amount of salt waste could be drastically decreased, because most of the LiCl could be recovered for recycling to the electroreduction process. (authors)

Jong-Hyeon, Lee; Gyu-Hwan, Oh; Han-Soo, Lee; Sung-Bin, Park; Yoon-Sang, Lee; In-Tae, Kim; Eung-Ho, Kim; Seong-Won, Park [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Late Cretaceous-Cenozoic Basin framework and petroleum potential of Panama and Costa Rica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite its location between major petroleum provinces in northwestern South America and northern Central America, there is a widespread negative perception of the petroleum potential of Panama and Costa Rica in southern Central America. Several factors may contribute to this perception: (1) the on and offshore geology of many areas has only be studied in a reconnaissance fashion; (2) sandstone reservoirs and source rocks are likely to be of poor quality because Upper Cretaceous-Cenozoic sandstones are eroded from island arc or oceanic basement rocks and because oil-prone source rocks are likely to be scarce in near-arc basins; and (3) structural traps are likely to be small and fragmented because of complex late Cenozoic thrust and strike-slip tectonics. On the other hand, onshore oil and gas seeps, shows and small production in wildcat wells, and source rocks with TOC values up to 26% suggest the possibility of future discoveries. In this talk, we present the results of a regional study using 3100 km of offshore seismic lines kindly provided by industry. Age and stratigraphic control of offshore lines is constrained by limited well data and detailed field studies of basin outcrops in coastal areas. We describe the major structures, stratigraphy, and tectonic history of the following areas: Gulf of Panama and Gulf of Chiriqui of Panama and the Pacific and Caribbean margins of Costa Rica.

Mann, P. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States)); Kolarsky, R. (Texaco USA, New Orleans, LA (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Identification of the slow E3 transition 136mCs -> 136Cs with conversion electrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We performed at ISOLDE the spectroscopy of the decay of the 8- isomer in 136Cs by and conversion-electron detection. For the first time the excitation energy of the isomer and the multipolarity of its decay have been measured. The half-life of the isomeric state was remeasured to T1/2 = 17.5(2) s. This isomer decays via a very slow 518 keV E3 transition to the ground state. In addition to this, a much weaker decay branch via a 413 keV M4 and a subsequent 105 keV E2 transition has been found. Thus we have found a new level at 105 keV with spin 4+ between the isomeric and the ground state. The results are discussed in comparison to shell model calculations.

K. Wimmer; U. Koester; P. Hoff; Th. Kroell; R. Kruecken; R. Lutter; H. Mach; Th. Morgan; S. Sarkar; M. Saha Sarkar; W. Schwerdtfeger; P. C. Srivastava; P. G. Thirolf; P. Van Isacker

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

159

"La ciencia de materiales en la Universidad de Costa Rica y el caso de la investigacin en semiconductores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"La ciencia de materiales en la Universidad de Costa Rica y el caso de la investigación en semiconductores nanoestructurados" Impartido por: Arturo Ramírez Porras Centro de Investigación en Ciencia e Lugar: Biblioteca del Departamento de Química Física Facultad de Ciencias, Fase II (4ª Pta.) ABSTRACT Se

Escolano, Francisco

160

HAGR: the Human Ageing Genomic Resources Joa~o Pedro de Magalha~es*, Joana Costa1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in several species. In the wake of the human genome, high-throughput projects in functional genomicsHAGR: the Human Ageing Genomic Resources Joa~o Pedro de Magalha~es*, Joana Costa1 and Olivier September 17, 2004 ABSTRACT The Human Ageing Genomic Resources (HAGR

de Magalhães, João Pedro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

InDesign CS 5 -Posters Adobe InDesign CS 5 TM is a powerful desktop publishing program. In addition to creating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InDesign CS 5 - Posters Adobe InDesign CS 5 TM is a powerful desktop publishing program for composing posters. In this course you will learn the basics of creating posters with InDesign CS 5 . Planning the poster Check with event or conference staff for exact size specifications and what type

Aalberts, Daniel P.

162

Accepted for publication in the 1998 IEEE ICRA Proceedings, Leuven, Belgium, May 16-21 Integrated Precision 3-DOF Position Sensor for Planar Linear Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levels of the sensor. Finally, we present results that demonstrate the reso- lution and accuracy: www.cs.cmu.edu msl Motor section Motor section Single 1-DOF sensor Air bearing orifice Integrated 3

Butler, Zack

163

Late Tertiary/Quaternary volcanics of southern Costa Rica and northern Panama  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent tectonic evolution of the Isthmus of Panama is marked by a complexity imparted by a subduction zone - magmatic arc, a transform plate boundary, and the attempted subduction of an aseismic ridge. In northern Panama andesites form the morphologically young Chiriqui stratovolcano, while in southern Costa Rica they are found interbedded with thick lahars. Two groups of andesites occur in the region. One is low in Si and K (Group I); the other high in Si and K (Group II). The Panamanian andesites belong to both the groups, while Costa Rican andesites are restricted to Group II. Group I andesites are glassy, plagioclase-phyric (An45 rims), and contain abundant augite (Wo46En46Fs8) and magnetite. Rare, resorbed olivine (Fo82) and amphibole are occasionally observed. The Group II andesites have similar mineralogy but also contain abundant pargasitic hornblende and minor orthopyroxene or pigeonite. Xenoliths are common in the Group II andesites of Chiriqui Volcano. Two types of xenoliths are recognized. Cumulate-textured, hornblende gabbro xenoliths vary from nearly pure plagioclase to nearly pure amphibole. These gabbroic xenoliths contain plagioclase (An90 cores to An53 rims), augite, and pargasitic hornblende often displaying the same reaction products as found in the andesites. These xenoliths are interpreted as cognate. These andesites are all characterized by high alkalis and alkali earths; Group II have over 1500 ppm Ba and 1000 ppm Sr. They are apparently produced by partial melting of a highly metasomatised mantle followed by high-pressure fractionation dominated by hornblende.

Roy, A.; Byerly, G.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Report to the Faculty Senate from the ad hoc Faculty Senate Exigency Plan Study Committee (Torbjrn Wandel, John Bohac, Sal Costa, Betsy Delmonico, Peter Rolnick [chair])  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report to the Faculty Senate from the ad hoc Faculty Senate Exigency Plan Study Committee (Torbjörn Wandel, John Bohac, Sal Costa, Betsy Delmonico, Peter Rolnick [chair]) March 16, 2011 The ad hoc Faculty

Gering, Jon C.

165

Coastal development decision-making in Costa Rica : the need for a new framework to balance socio-economic and environmental impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costa Rica needs to pay attention to the rapid change that coastal regions have been undergoing as a result of tourism and real estate projects. Despite the economic benefits in terms of jobs and foreign investment, many ...

Esquivel, Maricarmen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (with CS 1131) example only; actual schedule may vary; see FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 2321 3 CS 1141 2 CS 3141 3 CS 1131 5 MA 2160 4 CS 2311 3 CS 3421 4 Activity (1) Total 17 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 3311 3

167

CS 105: Algorithms (Grad) Approximation Algorithms (continued) Feb 21, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g. Clique. = O(log n), e.g. Set Cover. = O(1), e.g. Vertex Cover. Page 1 of 7 #12;CS 105: Algorithms (Grad Algorithms: Vertex Cover 1.1 Introduction to Approximation Algorithms There are several optimization problems (TSP) - finding a minimum cost tour of all cities � Vertex Cover - find minimum set of vertex

Chakrabarti, Amit

168

stanford hci group / cs376 Scott Klemmer 17 October 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 stanford hci group / cs376 Scott Klemmer · 17 October 2006 Remote Collaboration Paul Badger is highly culturally dependent e.g., Southern Europe has closer boundaries for personal space than America (tables) The Papier-Mâché toolkit (vision, rfid, barcode) iROS and the PatchPanel (interactive rooms

Klemmer, Scott

169

CS 4750-001 Database Systems -Spring 2012 ENGR (17672)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 12 The information in this document is private and confidential. Please handle accordingly. #12;CS-R diagrams. DB Security - it was well layed out, easy to follow, and effective. How to build a server the material sql - very relevant subject matter & will def be used in the future Distributed Databases

Sherriff, Mark S.

170

CS-3388 Computer Graphics Fall 2014 Table of Contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A wire-mesh model of a once famous teapot #12;CS-3388 Computer Graphics Fall 2014 Representing Objects Illustration 1 shows a triangulation of 3D points that create a teapot. Various methods exist to define for the object. Illustration 2: A mirror-like rendering of the teapot Illustration 3: A rendering of the teapot

Beauchemin, Steven S.

171

Autonomic Computer Systems CS321: Group Communication, virt. Synchrony,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomic Computer Systems CS321: Group Communication, virt. Synchrony, Paxos and Chubby October 2 Procedure Call Semantics · Group Communication: ­ Reliable Broadcast ­ Replication ­ More on Broadcast-10-02, 6/57 #12;Oral Message Protocol (2) maj=green maj=greenmaj=green L1 L2 L3L0 round 0 round 1 maj=green

Vetter, Thomas

172

Comparison of CsBr and KBr coated Cu photocathodes: Effects of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparison of CsBr and KBr coated Cu photocathodes: Effects of laser irradiation and work function changes. Abstract: Thin films (7 nm layers) of CsBr and KBr were deposited...

173

Cs4(In0.27Ge0.73)15Ge8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains the standardized crystallographic data set of Cs8In8Ge38 representing the structure type Cs4(In0.27Ge0.73)15Ge8.

P. Villars; K. Cenzual; J. Daams

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The multi-scale character of air pollution: impact of local measures in relation to European and regional policies - a case study in Antwerp, Belgium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a multi-scale modelling approach designed to assess the impact of policy plans at various decision making levels (European, regional and local). The modelling framework is applied for a case study in Antwerp, Belgium. Various tunnel options and traffic management plans for the Antwerp ring road are evaluated with respect to their impact on air quality in 2020 and 2025. The modelling approach takes into account those local action plans as well as regional and European policies for these time horizons. It has been shown that reduction of traffic intensity is one of the most important measures, without which it is unlikely that current European limit values will be attained in the near future at all locations near the Antwerp ring road.

Stijn Janssen; Wouter Lefebvre; Clemens Mensink; Bart Degraeuwe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - adobe photoshop cs3 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grafikbearbeitungssoftware: - Ulead DVD PowerTools 2 - Adobe Photoshop CS3 - Windows Media Encoder Wiedergabesoftware: - Windows Media... Grafikbearbeitungssoftware: - Adobe...

176

Nested Velocity Feedback Control -1 Presented at CS 2007 Dr Richard Mitchell 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested Velocity Feedback Control - 1 Presented at CS 2007 © Dr Richard Mitchell 2007 Nested tolerant to changes in the plant under control #12;Nested Velocity Feedback Control - 2 Presented at CS path #12;Nested Velocity Feedback Control - 3 Presented at CS 2007 © Dr Richard Mitchell 2007 Cherry

Mitchell, Richard

177

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State/Regional/Local Assistance for State/Regional/Local Assistance for Interconnection Transmission Planning and Ana Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) State/Regional/Local Assistance for Interconnection Transmission Planning and Ana Based on OE's review of the information concerning the proposal action, the NEPA compliance Officer has determined that the proposed action fits within the specified class of action, other regulatory requirements set forth are met, and proposed action is hereby categorically excluded from further NEPA review. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment

178

Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Investment Grant Program Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (EISA 1306) Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (EISA 1306) Based on OE's review of the information concerning the proposal action, the NEPA compliance Officer has determined that the proposed action fits within the specified class of action, other regulatory requirements set forth are met, and proposed action is hereby categorically excluded from further NEPA review. Record of Categorical Exclusion (CS) Determination, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) Smart Grid Investment Grant Program (EISA 1306)

179

Optimization of Photodiode Readout of CsI(Tl) Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental setup for CsI crystal readout studies and a standard electronic readout chain are introduced and used in order to measure differences in light yield and equivalent noise for different readout schemes (direct and wavelength shifter). The linearity of the system and two possibilities for determination of the equivalent noise energy are discussed. The setup is used to compare temperature and bias voltage dependence of different photodiode types. Thorough studies of different couplings of photodiodes and crystals result in similar values of equivalent noise energy well below the specifications of the TDR for wavelength shifter readout and direct readout with photodiodes glued on a carrier plate made of plexiglass that is in optical contact with the crystal. contact: brose@pktw03.phy.tu-dresden.de The aims of the studies described in this note are a comparison of different readout schemes (wavelength shifter, direct) for large CsI(Tl) crystals with regard to li...

Brose Dahlinger Eckstein; J. Brose; G. Dahlinger; P. Eckstein; K. R. Schubert

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Pretreatment/Radionuclide Separations of Cs/Tc from Supernates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant improvements have been made in ion exchange and solvent extraction materials and processes available for separation of the radionuclides cesium and technetium from both acid and alkaline waste solutions. New ion exchange materials and solvent extraction reagents are more selective for Cs over sodium and potassium than previous materials. The higher selectivity gives higher Cs capacity and improved separation processes. Technetium removal has been improved by new ion exchange resins, which have either improved capacity or easier elution. Several different crown ethers have been shown to extract pertechnetate ion selectively over other anions. Organic complexants in some waste solutions reduce pertechnetate ion and stabilize the reduced species. Selective oxidation allows conversion to pertechnetate without oxidation of the organic complexants.

Thompson, M.C. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CS 105: Grad. Algorithms Winter 2005 MST VERIFICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ancestors (LCA's). COMPUTE LCA'S: for each {u, v} # E - T : compute l = LCA(u, v) and put {u, v@cs.dartmouth.edu 2 LCA and Disjoint Set Union Maintain n elements under two operations. UNION(A, B, C) : C # A # B. LCA Algorithm : Given a rooted tree T , a set P of pairs of {u, v} # V and |P | = m Goal: Find LCA

Chakrabarti, Amit

182

CS322 Fall 1999 Module 5 (Search Issues)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The aim of this assignment is to learn more about search, both advanced search techniques as well as how,semantics],[proofs]). 1 #12;CPSC 322 Fall 1999 Assignment 5 2 mod(m4,[intro],[search]). mod(m5,[search,symbols],[advanced_searchCS322 Fall 1999 Module 5 (Search Issues) Assignment 5 Due: 1:30pm, Wednesday 13 October 1999

Poole, David

183

Na, Mg, Ni and Cs distribution and speciation after long-term alteration of a simulated nuclear waste glass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution and speciation of Na, Mg, Ni and Cs in a simulated (inactive) nuclear waste glass were studied and Cs represent dose determining long-lived radionuclides (59 Ni, 135 Cs) in vitrified nuclear wasteNa, Mg, Ni and Cs distribution and speciation after long-term alteration of a simulated nuclear

184

The MiraCosta Community College District mission is to provide superior educational opportunities and student-support services to a diverse population of learners with a focus on their  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mission The MiraCosta Community College District mission is to provide superior educationalCosta Community College District will become a vanguard educational institution committed to innovation and researched best practices, broad access to higher education, and environmental sustainability. Goal II. Mira

Towers, John

185

Wood specific gravity and aboveground biomass of Bombacopsis quinata plantations in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of dry matter production in forest plantations are needed to assess the limits to potential production. There are almost no studies about wood specific gravity, crown composition, and total biomass distribution of Bombacopsis quinata plantations. Wood specific gravity and aboveground biomass distribution were studied in B. quinata plantations growing in two different climatic zones of Costa Rica. Allometric models were developed for individual trees, and total biomass production per hectare was obtained by applying these models to sample plots. Wood specific gravity was found to be higher at the base of the tree (0.330gcm?3) than at the base of the living crown (0.280gcm?3); a tendency to increase with diameter at breast height (DBH) could also be observed at both stem sections. Foliage, branch, and stem biomass were highly correlated with DBH (r>0.68, n=17). Branch and foliage dry biomass varied between 25 and 45% of the total tree dry biomass. The stem dry weight represented 5575% of the total tree dry weight. From easy-measuring variables (DBH and height (H)), difficult-measuring or time-consuming variables (e.g., foliage biomass) can be estimated. Models developed in this study estimate foliage dry biomass from DBH and H from branch dry biomass and from crown diameter. Estimations of foliage dry biomass from branch dry biomass could be useful for studies carried out in the dry season when B. quinata trees do not have foliage. In the regression analyses, variable transformations (log10) improved the results when compared to original values of non-transformed variables.

Luis Diego Prez Cordero; Markku Kanninen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Mental health care delivery system reform in Belgium: The challenge of achieving deinstitutionalisation whilst addressing fragmentation of care at the same time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most mental health care delivery systems in welfare states currently face two major issues: deinstitutionalisation and fragmentation of care. Belgium is in the process of reforming its mental health care delivery system with the aim of simultaneously strengthening community care and improving integration of care. The new policy model attempts to strike a balance between hospitals and community services, and is based on networks of services. We carried out a content analysis of the policy blueprint for the reform and performed an ex-ante evaluation of its plan of operation, based on the current knowledge of mental health service networks. When we examined the policy's multiple aims, intermediate goals, suggested tools, and their articulation, we found that it was unclear how the new policy could achieve its goals. Indeed, deinstitutionalisation and integration of care require different network structures, and different modes of governance. Furthermore, most of the mechanisms contained within the new policy were not sufficiently detailed. Consequently, three major threats to the effectiveness of the reform were identified. These were: issues concerning the relationship between network structure and purpose, the continued influence of hospitals despite the goal of deinstitutionalisation, and the heterogeneity in the actual implementation of the new policy.

Pablo Nicaise; Vincent Dubois; Vincent Lorant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

NREL: Wind Research - Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies' CS8 Turbine Testing and Results Viryd Technologies CS8 wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing Viryd Technologies' CS8 small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The CS8 is an upwind, horizontal-axis, three-bladed, stall controlled turbine rated at 8 kilowatts (kW). It has an 8.5-meter rotor diameter and is mounted on a guyed tilt-up lattice tower with a hub height of 24.9 meters. The CS8 uses a single-phase, grid-connected, induction generator that operates at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data included in this table are provided in the final reports.

188

Lateral variation of 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations in surface seawater in and around the Japan Sea after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A total of 82 surface seawater samples was collected in the Japan Sea and the southwestern Okhotsk Sea before and after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. Analysis of 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations using low-background ?-spectrometry revealed that the 137Cs concentration of the samples collected in June 2011 was 1.52.8mBq/L, which is approximately 12 times higher than the pre-accident 137Cs level, while the 134Cs concentration was less than detectable to 1mBq/L. In addition to 134Cs being clearly detected (?1mBq/L), 137Cs concentration in water samples from the northeastern Japan Sea (22.8mBq/L) was also higher than that from the coast in the southwestern Japan Sea (?1.5mBq/L). These higher concentrations in the northeastern Japan Sea could be ascribed to the atmospheric transport of nuclides from the FDNPP as aerosols and subsequent transport and dilution after delivery to the sea surface.

M. Inoue; H. Kofuji; S. Nagao; M. Yamamoto; Y. Hamajima; K. Yoshida; K. Fujimoto; T. Takada; Y. Isoda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Software Engineering Model Schedule -(Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may vary; see your academic dept. Includes 3 units of co-curricular activities.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Engineering Model Schedule - (Starting with CS 1121) example only; actual schedule may Year 2nd Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING CS 1000 1 CS 1122 3 CS 1141 2 CS 2311 3 CS 1121 3 MA 2160 4 CS Cocurricular Activity (1) Total 15 Total 15 Total 14-15 Total 16-17 3rd Year 4th Year FALL SPRING FALL SPRING

190

The Status Of GLAST CsI Calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The GLAST Large Area Telescope (LAT) CsI calorimeter, which consists of 16 flight modules and 2 spare modules, was assembled in 2004-2005 by an international team from the USA, France and Sweden. Each module contains 96 CsI crystals supported by a carbon fiber composite structure and read out from both ends with silicon PIN photodiodes. Signals from the array of photodiodes are processed by custom analog ASICs and commercial ADCs. After assembly, each module underwent a full environmental test program including electromagnetic interference and compatibility, vibration, and thermal-vacuum test to flight-acceptance levels. The functional performance of each module was verified before and after each test, and calibration with cosmic muons and charge injection was performed throughout the test sequence. All 18 modules showed stable functioning over the few months of the assembly and test program. None of the 1728 crystals experienced mechanical or optical degradation. Integration of the calorimeter modules with the other detector and electronics subsystems into the complete Large Area Telescope began at SLAC in April 2005 and was completed in December 2005. The environmental testing of full LAT instrument is planned for summer 2006. Simultaneously the beam test of calibration unit made of spare modules is planned to be done at PS and SPS beam lines at CERN.

Chekhtman, A. [George Mason University/ Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave, SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fluorescence from CsF ionic excimers excited by an electron beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixtures of rare gases and cesium fluoride vapors were excited by an intense relativistic electron beam. The fluorescence of the Cs[sup 2+]F[sup [minus

XYang, T.T.; Gylys, V.T.; Bower, R.D.; Harris, D.G. (Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell International, 6633 Canoga Avenue, Canoga Park, California 91303 (United States))

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

EnergyCS Inc Energy Control Systems Engineering Inc | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Engineering Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: EnergyCS Inc (Energy Control Systems Engineering, Inc) Sector: Services Product: String representation "Monrovia, Calif ... 4...

193

Optical measurement of Cs distribution in the large negative ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate a Cs behavior, optical diagnostic tools have been installed in the large negative ion source, an arc discharge used at large helical device neutral beam injector. A large Cs sputtering is observed during beam extraction due to the backstreaming H{sup +} ions. Distribution of Cs{sup +} light is uniform in the case of a balanced arc discharge, but large increase of Cs{sup +} light during beam extraction is observed in a nonuniform arc discharge. Controlling of the discharge uniformity is effective to reduce the local heat loading from the backstreaming H{sup +} ions at the backplate of ion source.

Ikeda, K.; Nagaoka, K.; Takeiri, Y.; Fantz, U.; Kaneko, O.; Osakabe, M.; Oka, Y.; Tsumori, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany); National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

ECE 554: Computer Architecture -ECE 452 or CS470 or written consent of instructor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECE 554: Computer Architecture - ECE 452 or CS470 or written consent of instructor Pre: - Factors affecting computer system performance - Instruction level parallelism (ILP) Advanced pipelining

Schumacher, Russ

195

E-Print Network 3.0 - antarctica 137cs 40k Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 MARSAME Appendix C C. EXAMPLES OF COMMON RADIONUCLIDES Summary: Ra and progeny Depleted uranium collimators Metal Foundry 40 K 60 Co 137 Cs Thorium series... Manufacturing...

196

134Cs and 137Cs activities in coastal seawater along Northern Sanriku and Tsugaru Strait, northeastern Japan, after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A total of 37 seawater samples were collected at 10 sites along the coastline of the Northern Sanriku and Tsugaru Strait, 250450km north of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in AprilDecember 2009 and MayJune 2011, and analyzed for 134Cs and 137Cs activities using low-background ?-spectrometry. The 134Cs and 137Cs activities measured in these samples in May 2011 were found to be 23mBq/L and 2.54mBq/L, respectively. By June, these values had decreased by 2545%/month and 530%/month, respectively. These results can be plausibly explained by surface infusion of these isotopes into the sea by atmospheric transport from Fukushima and their subsequent reduction by water migration to off-shore and deeper regions.

M. Inoue; H. Kofuji; Y. Hamajima; S. Nagao; K. Yoshida; M. Yamamoto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Conclusions and recommendations of the Latin America and Caribbean Regional Energy Conservation Seminar, Alajuela, Costa Rica, January 14-17, 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reports were given on active energy-conservation projects in the region (Barbados, Jamaica, Central American region and Panama, Peru, Ecuador, the Dominican Republic, and Costa Rica). In addition, there were presentations on energy auditing, fuel substitution, and financing energy conservation. Although the seminar concentrated on the industrial sector, it also explored opportunities for energy-efficiency improvements in the building and transportation sectors.

Not Available

1985-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

198

Export.gov - Welcome to CS World Bank  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

World Bank World Bank Print | E-mail Page World Bank World Bank Home Doing Business with the World Bank Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Links About the World Bank New Projects from the World Bank Understanding the Project Cycle The PSLO Program Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Multilateral Development Banks Other Worldwide Markets Welcome to CS World Bank! The World Bank lends and invests billions of dollars in developing countries every year. This constant stream of funds is used to buy goods, consulting services, and civil works projects that contribute to economic development in those countries. The system of doing business with the World Bank is similar to government procurement systems in many countries. Our Global Network at Work Learn how a small manufacturing company began exporting to Turkey

199

A Multi-Sample Cs-Sputter Negative Ion Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-sample Cs sputter negative-ion source, equipped with a conical-geometry, W-surface-ionizer has been designed and fabricated that permits sample changes without disruption of on-line accelerator operation. Sample changing is effected by actuating an electro-pneumatic control system located at ground potential that drives an air-motor-driven sample-indexing-system mounted at high voltage; this arrangement avoids complications associated with indexing mechanisms that rely on electronic power-supplies located at high potential. In-beam targets are identified by LED indicator lights derived from a fiber-optic, Gray-code target-position sensor. Aspects of the overall source design and details of the indexing mechanism along with operational parameters, ion optics. intensities, and typical emittances for a variety of negative-ion species will be presented in this report.

Alton, G.D.; Ball, J.A.; Bao, Y.; Cui, B.; Reed, C.A.; Williams, C.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

200

CS 105: Algorithms (Grad) Set Cover and Application to Shortest Superstring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 105: Algorithms (Grad) Set Cover and Application to Shortest Superstring Valika K. Wan & Khanh algorithm produces set cover of size 4 by selecting the sets S1, S4, S5, S3 in order. Set-covering problem Page 1 of 9 #12;CS 105: Algorithms (Grad) Set Cover and Application to Shortest Superstring Valika K

Chakrabarti, Amit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Effectiveness of a computational thinking (CS0) course on student analytical skills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

: In this paper, we describe the content and evaluation of a Computational Thinking (CS0) course developed to improve the analytical problem solving of students participating in the course. The course is targeted to students who are mathematically under-prepared ... Keywords: CS0, analytical skills, computational thinking, course effectiveness, critical thinking, problem solving

Michele Van Dyne; Jeffrey Braun

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Technical Report CS96466, CSE Dept., UCSD, January 1996 Determining Asynchronous Acyclic Pipeline Execution Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Report CS96­466, CSE Dept., UCSD, January 1996 Determining Asynchronous Acyclic Pipeline of California, San Diego La Jolla, California 92093­0114 fvdonalds,ferranteg@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract Pipeline in the body of a loop, are executed in parallel. A measure of the execution time of a pipeline is needed

Ferrante, Jeanne

203

CS/ECE 757: Advanced Computer Architecture II (Parallel Computer Architecture)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Body Simulation: Barnes-Hut · Ocean Current Simulation: Ocean · VLSI Routing: Locus Route · Ray Tracing ­ Shoot · Simulate ocean currents · discretize in space and time Ocean Basin CS/ECE 757 10 (C) 2005 Mark D. Hill from;Page 5 CS/ECE 757 9 (C) 2005 Mark D. Hill from Adve, Falsafi, Lebeck, Reinhardt, Smith & Singh Ocean

Hill, Mark D.

204

9/8/2008 CS371S -Fall 2008 Behavior and State Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9/8/2008 CS371S - Fall 2008 Behavior and State Machines 1 Specification of Model Behavior Lecture Topics Behavioral Model State Machines Relation to Other Behavioral Models Derivation of State Machines for Single Classes Derivation of State Machines from System Level #12;9/8/2008 CS371S - Fall 2008 Behavior

Browne, James C.

205

What makes a good paper? CS6101 Exploration of Computer Science Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; can't be taught in 1 hour. Sorry. CS6101 What makes a good paper? 4 #12;Excellent Writing Two aspects or biased? What messages are the figures trying to convey? Why does the proposed algorithm perform better of "Why" Why is it done this way? Why does it work? Why is this method better? CS6101 What makes a good

Leow, Wee Kheng

206

On the Possibility of Using Protonic Solid Electrolyte CsHSO4 in Hydrogen Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical parameters of an H2|air fuel cell with a membrane of solid electrolyte CsHSO4 or composites (1 ? x)CsHSO4/xSiO2 (x = 0.10.3) and different electrodes are measured at 175 C. The maximal power (3....

G. V. Lavrova; M. V. Russkikh; V. G. Ponomareva

207

Identification of the slow E3 transition {sup 136}Cs{sup m{yields}136}Cs with conversion electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed at ISOLDE the spectroscopy of the decay of the 8{sup -} isomer in {sup 136}Cs by {gamma} and conversion-electron detection. For the first time the excitation energy of the isomer and the multipolarity of its decay have been measured. The half-life of the isomeric state was remeasured to T{sub 1/2}=17.5(2) s. This isomer decays via a very slow 518-keV E3 transition to the ground state. In addition to this, a much weaker decay branch via a 413-keV M4 and a subsequent 105-keV E2 transition has been found. Thus we have found a new level at 105 keV with spin 4{sup +} between the isomeric and the ground state. The results are discussed in comparison to shell-model calculations.

Wimmer, K. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Koester, U. [Institut Laue Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Hoff, P. [Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Kroell, Th. [Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Kruecken, R. [Physik Department E12, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Lutter, R.; Morgan, Th.; Schwerdtfeger, W.; Thirolf, P. G. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Mach, H. [Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics, Uppsala University, S-75121 Uppsala (Sweden); Sarkar, S. [Department of Physics, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, Howrah 711103 (India); Sarkar, M. Saha [Nuclear and Atomic Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700064 (India); Srivastava, P. C. [Grand Accelerateur National d'Ions Lourds, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France); Nuclear Physics Group, Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002 (India); Van Isacker, P. [Grand Accelerateur National d'Ions Lourds, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

CS 550: Advanced Operating Systems This course covers general issues of design and implementation of advanced modern operating systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 550: Advanced Operating Systems Objectives This course covers general issues of design and implementation of advanced modern operating systems. The focus is on issues that are critical to the applications Operating Systems - CS Dept, Illinois ... 1 of 1 #12;

Heller, Barbara

209

Bicycle Research Bibliography Updated 6/04 Howat, C.S., editor, 1993. USCF Mechanics' Handbook, First Edition. United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bicycle Research Bibliography ­ Updated 6/04 BOOKS Howat, C.S., editor, 1993. USCF Mechanics Edition. USA Cycling, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Howat, C.S., 2004. The Racing Bicycle Mechanics. TECHNICAL PRESENTATIONS Howat, C.S., 1994. Hazards Analysis of Bicycling: Consumer and Professional

Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

210

Performance Study of K2CsSb Photocathode Inside a DC High Voltage Gun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the generation of tens of mA average current in a photoinjector. Until recently, GaAs:Cs cathodes and K{sub 2}CsSb cathodes have been tested successfully in DC and RF injectors respectively for this application. Our goal is to test the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode inside a DC gun. Since the multialkali cathode is a compound with constant characteristics over its entire thickness, we anticipate that the lifetime issues seen in GaAs:Cs due to surface damage by ion bombardment would be minimized. Hence successful operation of the K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun could lead to a relatively robust electron source capable of delivering ampere level currents. In order to test the performance of a K{sub 2}CsSb cathode in a DC gun, we have designed and built a load lock system that allows the fabrication of the cathode at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) and its testing at Jefferson Lab (JLab). In this paper, we will present the performance of the K{sub 2}CsSb photocathode in the preparation chamber and in the DC gun.

McCarter J. L.; Rao T.; Smedley, J.; Grames, J.; Mammei, R.; Poelker, M.; Suleiman, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Performance Study of K2CsSb Photocathode inside a DC High Voltage Gun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past decade, there has been considerable interest in the generation of tens of mA average current in a photoinjector. Until recently, GaAs:Cs cathodes and K2CsSb cathodes have been tested successfully in DC and RF injectors respectively for this application. Our goal is to test the GaAs:Cs in RF injector and the K2CsSb cathode in the DC gun in order to widen our choices. Since the multialkali cathode is a compound with uniform stochiometry over its entire thickness, we anticipate that the life time issues seen in GaAs:Cs due surface damage by ion bombardment would be minimized with this material. Hence successful operation of the K2CsSb cathode in DC gun could lead to a relatively robust electron source capable of delivering ampere level currents. In order to test the performance of K2CsSb cathode in a DC gun, we have designed and built a load lock system that would allow the fabrication of the cathode at BNL and its testing at JLab. In this paper, we will present the design of the load-lock system, cathode fabrication, and the cathode performance in the preparation chamber and in the DC gun.

T. Rao, J. Smedley, J.M. Grames, R. Mammei, J.L. McCarter, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Separation of CsCl from a Ternary CsCl-LiCl-KCl Salt via a Melt Crystallization Technique for Pyroprocessing Waste Minimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A parametric study has been conducted to identify the effects of several parameters on the separation of CsCl from molten LiCl-KCl salt via a melt crystallization process. A reverse vertical Bridgman technique was used to grow the salt crystals. The investigated parameters were: (1) the advancement rate, (2) the crucible lid configuration, (3) the amount of salt mixture, (4) the initial composition of CsCl, and (5) the temperature difference between the high and low furnace zones. From each grown crystal, samples were taken axially and analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Results show that CsCl concentrations at the top of the crystals were low and increased to a maximum at the bottom of the salt. Salt (LiCl-KCl) recycle percentages for the experiments ranged from 50% to 75% and the CsCl composition in the waste salt was low. To increase the recycle percentage and the concentration of CsCl in the waste form, the possibility of using multiple crystallization stages was explored to further optimize the process. Results show that multiple crystallization stages are practical and the optimal experimental conditions should be operated at 5.0 mm/hr rate with a lid configuration and temperature difference of 200 C for a total of five crystallization stages. Under these conditions, up to 88% of the salt can be recycled.

Ammon Williams; Supathorn Phongikaroon; Michael Simpson

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

DOSE TO CURIE DETERMINATION FOR CONTAINERS WITH MEASURABLE CS-137  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Next Generation Retrieval (NGR) project will retrieve suspect transuranic (TRU) waste containers from Trenches 17 and 27 in the 218-E-12B (12B) burial ground. The trenches were in operation from May 1970 through October 1972. A portion of the retrieved containers that will require shipment to and acceptance at a treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facility and the containers will be either remote-handled (RH) and/or contact-handled (CH). The method discussed in this document will be used for the RH and some of the CH containers to determine the radionuclide inventory. Waste disposition (shipment and TSD acceptance) requires that the radioactive content be characterized for each container. Source-term estimates using high resolution, shielded, gamma-ray scan assay techniques cannot be performed on a number of RH and other containers with high dose rates from {sup 137}Cs-{sup 137m}Ba. This document provides the method to quantify the radioactive inventory of fission product gamma emitters within the containers based on the surface dose rate measurements taken in the field with hand-held survey instruments.

RATHBUN LA; ANDERSON JD; SWAN RJ

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

Measurements of CsI band-gap closure to 93 GPa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infrared-absorption measurements to a peak pressure of 93 GPa document the pressure-induced closure of the band gap of CsI to about 4450 cm-1 (0.55 eV). In accord with previous spectroscopic measurements to 60 GPa, our data show that the band gap of CsI decreases continuously with pressure, and metallization (complete closure of the gap) is expected to occur above 100 GPa. A recent claim that CsI becomes metallic at 655 GPa is therefore spurious.

Quentin Williams and Raymond Jeanloz

1986-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

215

2003 CS 647b Report Transmittal Letter to Dick Cheney | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2003 CS 647b Report Transmittal Letter to Dick Cheney 2003 CS 647b Report Transmittal Letter to Dick Cheney 2003 CS 647b Report Transmittal Letter to Dick Cheney 2003 CS 647b Report Transmittal Letter to Dick Cheney This letter is in response to the annual Competitive Sourcing reporting requirement contained in section 647(b) of Division F of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, for FY 2004, P.L. 108-199. The enclosed report on the Department of Energy's (DOE) Competitive Sourcing program complies with the agency reporting elements outlined in P.L. 108-199 for submitting the annual Congressional Competitive Sourcing Activity Report. In summary, DOE's Fiscal Year (FY) 2003 Competitive Sourcing Activity Report includes cost, savings, Federal full-time equivalent (FTE), and other information on the Department's

216

CS193J Handout #5 Winter 1998 1/13/98  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS193J Handout #5 Winter 1998 1/13/98 Decomposition This handout originally written by Nick or independent to merit being put in its own function? A function should solve one problem. Its parameters should

California at Berkeley, University of

217

CS193J Handout #5 Winter 1998 1/13/98  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS193J Handout #5 Winter 1998 1/13/98 Decomposition This handout originally written by Nick the parameters be? When is a subtask sufficiently complex or independent to merit being put in its own function

California at Berkeley, University of

218

A comparison of {sup 137}Cs radioactivity in localized evergreen and deciduous plant species  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A vegetation study at the Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station (CPSES) near Glen Rose, Texas was conducted in 1991 and 1992. The CPSES is a commercial nuclear power plant owned and operated by Texas Utilities Electric of Dallas, Texas. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) requires the CPSES to routinely sample broadleaf vegetation in place of milk samples. Few commercial dairies exist in the vicinity. Broadleaf tree species are scarce because the climate and local limestone geology have produced a dry rolling hill topography. An evergreen juniper is the dominant tree species. Few broadleaves during the winter season have hindered year-round sampling. This study compares the environmental {sup 137}Cs concentrations between broadleaf and evergreen foliage at CPSES. Soil {sup 137}Cs concentrations from each vegetation location were also compared to the foliage {sup 137}Cs concentrations. The study`s objective was to determine if the deciduous and evergreen vegetation {sup 137}Cs concentrations are statistically the same.

Rangel, R.C.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

137Cs Trapped by Biomass within 20 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

137Cs Trapped by Biomass within 20 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant ... Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan ...

Akio Koizumi; Tamon Niisoe; Kouji H. Harada; Yukiko Fujii; Ayumu Adachi; Toshiaki Hitomi; Hirohiko Ishikawa

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Time-Resolved Infrared Spectral Photography Studies of Shock-Induced Chemistry in CS2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments using time-resolved infrared spectral photography (TRISP) in the 68.5 m range to study explosively driven shocks in liquid CS2 are described. In this range, the temporal resolution of the TRISP syst...

A. M. Renlund; S. A. Sheffield; W. M. Trott

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CS2SAT: THE CONTROL SYSTEMS CYBER SECURITY SELF-ASSESSMENT TOOL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division has developed the Control System Cyber Security Self-Assessment Tool (CS2SAT) that provides users with a systematic and repeatable approach for assessing the cyber-security posture of their industrial control system networks. The CS2SAT was developed by cyber security experts from Department of Energy National Laboratories and with assistance from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The CS2SAT is a desktop software tool that guides users through a step-by-step process to collect facility-specific control system information and then makes appropriate recommendations for improving the systems cyber-security posture. The CS2SAT provides recommendations from a database of industry available cyber-security practices, which have been adapted specifically for application to industry control system networks and components. Each recommendation is linked to a set of actions that can be applied to remediate-specific security vulnerabilities.

Kathleen A. Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Development of thin CsHSO4 membrane electrode assemblies for electrolysis and fuel cell applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this work the use of the solid acid CsHSO4 as an electrolyte in a hydrogen/oxygen fuel cell or the disassociation of water into hydrogen (more)

Ecklund-Mitchell, Lars E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

CS 2011, 15 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Innovative Internet Community Systems I2, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany Pre-Conference Events Tuesday: Informal Welcome Reception Wednesday morning: Gro?er Tiergarten Jogging #12;11th I2 CS 2011, 15 ­ 17 June 2011, T-Labs Berlin Germany

Rossak, Wilhelm R.

224

Cercetarea stiintifica in robotica Cristian Dima ---mailto:cdima+@cs.cmu.edu,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cercetarea ¸stiint¸ific??a ??in robotic??a Cristian Dima --- mailto:cdima+@cs.cmu.edu, Mihai Budiu --- mailto:mihaib+@cs.cmu.edu mai 2000 Subiect: Institutul de Robotic??a al Universit??at¸ii Carnegie Mellon Despre robot¸i 1 2 Institutul de Robotic??a al Universit??at¸ii Carnegie Mellon 2 3 Cercetarea ??in robotic??a

Budiu, Mihai

225

Pesticide use in banana and plantain production and risk perception among local actors in Talamanca, Costa Rica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Talamanca County in Costa Rica has large-scale banana and small-scale plantain production, probably causing pesticide exposure in indigenous children. We explored to what extent different community actors are aware of children's pesticide hazards and how their awareness related to socio-economical and cultural conditions. Methods comprised eight focus groups with fathers and mothers separately, 27 semi-structured interviews to key actors, and field observations. As a whole, the indigenous plantain farmers and banana plantation workers had some general knowledge of pesticides concerning crop protection, but little on acute health effects, and hardly any on exposure routes and pathways, and chronic effects. People expressed vague ideas about pesticide risks. Inter-community differences were related to pesticide technologies used in banana and plantain production, employment status on a multinational plantation versus smallholder status, and gender. Compared to formalized practices on transnational company plantations, where workers reported to feel protected, pesticide handling by plantain smallholders was not perceived as hazardous and therefore no safety precautions were applied. Large-scale monoculture was perceived as one of the most important problems leading to pesticide risks in Talamanca on banana plantations, and also on neighboring small plantain farms extending into large areas. Plantain farmers have adopted use of highly toxic pesticides following banana production, but in conditions of extreme poverty. Aerial spraying in banana plantations was considered by most social actors a major determinant of exposure for the population living nearby these plantations, including vulnerable children. We observed violations of legally established aerial spraying distances. Economic considerations were most mentioned as the underlying reason for the pesticide use: economic needs to obtain the production quantity and quality, and pressure to use pesticides by other economic agents such as middlemen. Risk perceptions were modulated by factors such as people's tasks and positions in the production process, gender, and people's possibilities to define their own social conditions (more fatalistic perceptions among banana workers). The challenge for the future is to combine these insights into improved health risk assessment and management that is culturally adequate for each particular community and agricultural context. - Research highlights: {yields} A first study on pesticide risk perception in Costa Rica. {yields} One of the few studies performed in the indigenous populations in Talamanca. {yields} Economic considerations prevailed above health risks in both communities. {yields} Our findings provide valuable information for multiple social actors.

Barraza, Douglas, E-mail: dbarraza@una.ac.cr [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica) [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica); Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Jansen, Kees [Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands)] [Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Wendel de Joode, Berna van; Wesseling, Catharina [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica)] [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Spatial variations of low levels of 134Cs and 137Cs in seawaters within the Sea of Japan after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Our method based on low background ?-spectrometry enabled the measurement of low radiocesium concentrations in only 20L of seawater. In May 2011 after deposition of radiocesium, 134Cs concentration in surface water within the Sea of Japan was confirmed to be significantly small (Japan without advection to below the thermocline.

Mutsuo Inoue; Hisaki Kofuji; Shinji Oikawa; Takuma Murakami; Masayoshi Yamamoto; Seiya Nagao; Yasunori Hamajima; Jun Misonoo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Marcos Heil Costa Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brasil  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

43 a 553. 43 a 553. 1 Efeitos de Variabilidade Climática e Desmatamento No Regime de Águas Superficiais Marcos Heil Costa Departamento de Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brasil Michael T. Coe Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA Jean Loup Guyot LMTG, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Toulouse, France O regime de escoamento de rios na Bacia Amazônica mostra uma considerável variabilidade em escalas interanuais e decadais. A principal fonte de variação são os eventos do El Niño-Oscilação Sul (ENOS). Eventos de El Niño causam diminuição de precipitação, escoamento fluvial e padrões de inundação em toda a região, com reduções mais fortes que ocorrem na parte norte da bacia. Por outro lado, os eventos do La Niña causam aumento

228

Angle-differential and momentum-transfer cross sections for e-+Rb, Cs, and Fr collisions at low energies: 3Fo shape resonances in Rb-, Cs-, and Fr- ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the relativistic Dirac R-matrix method, we calculate angle-dependent and momentum-transfer cross sections for electron scattering by Rb, Cs, and Fr atoms at impact energies below 3 eV. Our results for momentum transfer for e-+Rb and Cs collisions are compared with available data from swarm experiments. We find clear evidence for a Cs-(3Fo) shape resonance at 1.528 eV, in excellent agreement with angle-dependent electron-scattering measurements. We analyze and compare the 3Fo shape resonance in e-+Rb, Cs, and Fr elastic collisions.

C. Bahrim and U. Thumm

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

229

Development of Composite Adsorbents for LLW Treatment and Their Adsorption Properties for Cs and Sr - 13127  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the composite adsorbents (KCoFC-NM (NM: natural mordenite), KCoFC-SG (SG: porous silica gel), AMP-SG and so on) were prepared by impregnation-precipitation methods. As for the distribution properties, the largest K{sub d,Cs} value of 3.8 x 10{sup 4} cm{sup 3}/g was obtained for KCoFC-SG (Davi.) composite. KCoFC-SG (NH, MB5D) and T-KCFC also had relatively large K{sub d,Cs} values above 1.0 x 10{sup 4} cm{sup 3}/g. The uptake rate of Cs{sup +} ions was examined by batch method. KCoFC-SG (NH, MB5D) and AMP-SG (Davi.) had relatively large uptake rate of Cs{sup +}, and the uptake attained equilibrium within 1 h. The maximum uptake capacity of Cs{sup +} ions was estimated to be above 0.5 mmol/g for KCoFC-NM and KCoFC-CP composites. KCoFC-X composite had a relatively large uptake capacity of Cs{sup +} ions (0.23 mmol/g > 0.17 mmol/g (T-KCFC)) and this composite also had a selectivity towards Sr{sup 2+} ions; KCoFC-X is effective adsorbent for both Cs{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+} ions. The largest value of K{sub d,Sr} was estimated to be 218 cm{sup 3}/g for titanic acid-PAN. Titanic acid-PAN had the largest uptake rate of Sr{sup 2+} ions, and the uptake attained equilibrium within 8 h. Adsorbability of other nuclides was further examined by batch method. All adsorbents had adsorbability for Rb{sup +} and RuNO{sup 3+} ions. KCoFC-SG (NH), KCoFC-CP and T-KCFC had higher selectivity towards Cs{sup +} than other adsorbents; these adsorbents had adsorbability to Cs{sup +} ions even in the presence of Ba{sup 2+}, Ca{sup 2+} and Mg{sup 2+} ions. The separation factor of K{sub d,Sr}/K{sub d,Ba} for titanic acid-PAN was about 1, indicating that the K{sub d,Sr} for titanic acid-PAN tends to decrease with Ba{sup 2+} concentration. As for the breakthrough properties, the largest 5 % breakpoint and 5 % breakthrough capacity of Cs{sup +} ions were estimated to be 47.1 cm{sup 3} and 0.07 mmol/g for the column of KCoFC-SG (NH), respectively. The order of 5 % breakthrough capacity of Cs{sup +} is as follows; KCoFC-SG (NH) > KCoFC-NM > KCoFC-SG (Q-10) > T-KCFC > KCoFC-X > KCoFC-CP. From the results of batch and column experiments, the composite adsorbent of KCoFC-SG (NH) was effective for the uptake of Cs{sup +} ions, and KCoFC-X composite was useful for the uptake of both Cs{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+} ions. The estimation of irradiation stability and the uptake properties using the actual wastes are further essential for the practical operation. (authors)

Susa, Shunsuke; Mimura, Hitoshi [Dept. of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aramaki-Aza-Aoba 6-6-01-2, Sendai, 980-8579 (Japan)] [Dept. of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aramaki-Aza-Aoba 6-6-01-2, Sendai, 980-8579 (Japan); Ito, Yoshiyuki; Saito, Yasuo [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirone, Naka-gun, Ibaraki, 319-1195 (Japan)] [Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirone, Naka-gun, Ibaraki, 319-1195 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Evaluation of Adsorption Properties for Cs and Sr Selective Adsorbents-13171  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of effective treatment and disposal methods is very urgent and important subject. Tohoku University and UNION SHOWA have developed various selective adsorbents (zeolites, zeolite sheets and composites loaded with insoluble ferrocyanides) for the effective decontamination of radioactive Cs{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+} As for Cs{sup +} adsorption, CST, chabazite and insoluble ferrocyanides composites had relatively large distribution coefficients (K{sub d}) above 10{sup 3} cm{sup 3}/g and excellent adsorption kinetics in seawater. Even after high temperature calcination at 1,100 deg. C, cesium was still immobilized in the calcined products of Cs{sup +}-zeolites, suggesting high immobilization ability of zeolites for Cs{sup +}. As for Sr{sup 2+} adsorption, A and X zeolites had relatively large K{sub d} values around 10{sup 2} cm{sup 3}/g, and zeolite sheet (A zeolite) exhibited excellent adsorption kinetics in seawater. Considering the decontamination of radioactive Sr{sup 2+} in groundwater, the effects of Ca{sup 2+} and Mg{sup 2+} ions on the K{sub d} value of Sr{sup 2+} were further examined by batch method. The K{sub d} value of Sr{sup 2+} was almost independent of Mg{sup 2+} concentration up to 2,500 ppm, while gradually lowered in the presence of Ca{sup 2+} above 200 ppm, due to the differences in the ionic radius of hydrated ion. The Cs{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+} adsorption ability for KNiFC-A (composite of A zeolite loaded with insoluble ferrocyanides) was examined by batch method. Here the matrix of composite (A zeolite) and loaded ferrocyanides (KNiFC) have high selectivity towards Sr{sup 2+} and Cs{sup +}, respectively. The K{sub d} values of Sr{sup 2+} and Cs{sup +} in seawater were estimated to be above 10{sup 2} and 10{sup 3} cm{sup 3}/g, respectively, indicating the effectiveness for the decontamination of both Sr{sup 2+} and Cs{sup +}. The basic data on the Cs{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+} adsorption properties for selective adsorbents are effective for the practical decontamination processes of these metal ions in seawater and groundwater. (authors)

Nakai, Tomonori; Wakabayashi, Syunya; Mimura, Hitoshi; Niibori, Yuichi; Kurosaki, Fumio; Matsukura, Minoru [Dept. of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University,Aramaki-Aza-Aoba 6-6-01-2,Sendai, 980-8579 (Japan)] [Dept. of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University,Aramaki-Aza-Aoba 6-6-01-2,Sendai, 980-8579 (Japan); Tanigawa, Hiroshi; Ishizaki, Eiji [UNION SHOWA K.K., 17-20, Mita 2-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073 (Japan)] [UNION SHOWA K.K., 17-20, Mita 2-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

File:SaltWells CS-FDM.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SaltWells CS-FDM.pdf SaltWells CS-FDM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:SaltWells CS-FDM.pdf Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 449 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(838 × 1,120 pixels, file size: 8.08 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Map showing the CS-FDM survey results performed at Salt Wells by Willowstick Technologies, LLC. Dark shading highlights conductive highs and lightly shaded to white areas highlight conductive lows, which equate to zones of high or low groundwater saturation. From Montgomery et al. (2005) Figure 1. File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 11:08, 13 September 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 11:08, 13 September 2013 838 × 1,120 (8.08 MB) Mbennett (Talk | contribs) Map showing the CS-FDM survey results performed at Salt Wells by Willowstick Technologies, LLC. Dark shading highlights conductive highs and lightly shaded to white areas highlight conductive lows, which equate to zones of high or low groundwater satur...

232

Universality of weakly bound dimers and Efimov trimers close to Li-Cs Feshbach resonances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the interspecies scattering properties of ultracold Li-Cs mixtures in their two energetically lowest spin channels in the magnetic field range between 800 G and 1000 G. Close to two broad Feshbach resonances we create weakly bound LiCs dimers by radio-frequency association and measure the dependence of the binding energy on the external magnetic field strength. Based on the binding energies and complementary atom loss spectroscopy of three other Li-Cs s-wave Feshbach resonances we construct precise molecular singlet and triplet electronic ground state potentials using a coupled-channels calculation. We extract the Li-Cs interspecies scattering length as a function of the external field and obtain almost a ten-fold improvement in the precision of the values for the pole positions and widths of the s-wave Li-Cs Feshbach resonances as compared to our previous work [Pires \\textit{et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{112}, 250404 (2014)]. We discuss implications on the Efimov scenario and the universal geome...

Ulmanis, J; Pires, R; Kuhnle, E D; Weidemller, M; Tiemann, E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Bioaccumulation factor of {sup 137}Cs in some marine biotas from West Bangka Indonesia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radionuclides may be released from nuclear facilities to the marine environment. Concentrations of radionuclides within marine biotic systems can be influenced by a number of factors, including the type of biota, its source, the radionuclide, and specific characteristics of the sampled specimens and the marine environment (salinity, etc.). The bioconcentration factor for a marine organism is the ratio of the concentration of a radionuclide in that organism to the concentration found in its marine water environment - under conditions of equilibrium. Information on the bioaccumulation of Cs-137 in marine organisms is required to risk assessment evaluates the potential risks to human health. Bioaccumulation of Cs was investigated in marine biota from west Bangka such as Marine cat fish (Arius thalassinus), Baramundi (Lates calcarifer), Mackerel (Scomberomorus commerson), Striped eel catfish (Plotosus lineatus), eel tailed fish (Euristhmus microceps), Yellowtail fusilier (Caesio erythrogaster), Coastal crab (Scylla sp), White shrimp (Penaeus merguiensis) and marine bivalve mollusk (Anadara granosa). Muscle of these marine biota, sediments and water were assayed for Cs-137 by HPGe gamma spectrometer. The bioaccumulation factor for fishes were calculated by ratio of concentration Cs-137 in muscle biota to the its concentration in water. The bioaccumulation factor for mollusks were calculates by ratio of concentration Cs-137 in muscle biota to the its concentration in sediments. The bioaccumulation factor were range 4.99 to 136.34.

Suseno, Heny, E-mail: henis@batan.go.id [Radioactive Waste Technology Center - The Indonesia Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Search for a Light Charged Higgs Boson Decaying to cs at ?s = 7 TeV.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A search for a light charged Higgs boson decaying into cs is presented using data recorded in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV. The (more)

Martyniuk, Alex Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Growth and crystal structure of binary molybdate CsFe(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CsFe(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2} single crystals have been grown by solution-melt crystallization with a charge-to-solvent ratio of 1: 3 (with Cs{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}O{sub 10} used as a solvent). The crystal structure of this compound has been refined by X-ray diffraction (X8 APEX automatic diffractometer, MoK{sub {alpha}} radiation, 356 F(hkl), R = 0.0178). The trigonal unit cell has the following parameters: a = b = 5.6051(2) A, c = 8.0118(4) A, V = 217.985(15) A{sup 3}, Z = 1, {rho}{sub calc} = 3.875 g/cm{sup 3}, and sp. gr. P3-barm1. The structure is composed of alternating layers of FeO{sub 6} octahedra (with MoO{sub 4} tetrahedra attached by sharing vertices) and CsO{sub 12} icosahedra.

Bazarov, B. G., E-mail: jbaz@binm.bscnet.ru; Namsaraeva, T. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Klevtsova, R. F., E-mail: klev@che.nsk.su; Anshits, A. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Vereshchagina, T. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Glinskaya, L. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Fedorov, K. N.; Bazarova, Zh. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Estimation of radiation doses from 137Cs to frogs in a wetland ecosystem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Currently, there is no established methodology to estimate radiation doses to non-human biota. Therefore, in this study, various dose models were used to estimate radiation doses to moor frogs (Rana arvalis) in a wetland ecosystem contaminated with 137Cs. External dose estimations were based on activity concentrations of 137Cs in soil and water, considering changes in habitat over a life-cycle. Internal doses were calculated from the activity concentrations of 137Cs measured in moor frogs. Depending on the dose model used, the results varied substantially. External dose rates ranged from 21 to 160 mGy/y, and internal dose rates varied between 1 and 14 mGy/y. Maximum total dose rates to frogs were below the expected safe level for terrestrial populations, but close to the suggested critical dose rate for amphibians. The results show that realistic assumptions in dose models are particularly important at high levels of contamination.

K. Stark; R. Avila; P. Wallberg

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Low-lying 3Po and 3Se states of Rb-, Cs-, and Fr-  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our Dirac R-matrix calculations suggest that none of the heavy alkali-metal negative ions, Rb, Cs, and Fr, has an excited bound state. Their lowest excited state appears to be a multiplet of 3PJo-shape resonances, the J=1 component of which was recently observed in photodetachment experiments on Cs-. We analyze these 3PJo and the 3Se excited negative ion states in partial and converged total scattering cross sections for slow electrons with incident kinetic energies below 120 meV. Our results are in excellent agreement with available experimental data. We also propose a new value for the electron affinity of Fr, provide the scattering length for electronic collisions with Rb, Cs, and Fr, and discuss the nuclear charge dependence of relativistic effects in the resonance profiles.

C. Bahrim and U. Thumm

2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

238

New analysis of the two carbon-rich stars CS 22948-27 and CS 29497-34 : binarity and neutron-capture elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have carried out a new determination of abundances in the very metal-poor CH/CN strong stars CS 29497-34 and CS 22948-27, using high-resolution spectra obtained with the HARPS spectrograph at the 3.6m telescope of ESO, La Silla, that covers the range 400 - 690 nm at a resolution of R = 100,000. Both stars are found to be long period binaries. It is confirmed that the abundance patterns show an enhancement of all the alpha-elements (like Mg, Ca), of the proton capture elements (like Na and Al) and a strong enrichment in "r" and "s" process elements, where the s-enrichment is probably due to a mass transfer episode from a companion in its AGB phase. The possible origins of the abundance pattern and especially of the strong enhancement of both "s" and "r" elements are discussed.

B. Barbuy; M. Spite; F. Spite; V. Hill; R. Cayrel; B. Plez; P. Petitjean

2004-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

239

Varietal differences in growth and Cs allocation of blackgram (Vigna mungo) under water stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Plant uptake and distribution of radioactive caesium (137Cs) was examined in an effort to determine how plant-water interactions differ between two blackgram plant varieties with different salt tolerance. Salt-tolerant U Taung-2 (BT) and the salt-sensitive variety Mutpe Khaing To (BS) were grown in pots filled with 137Cs-contaminated soil obtained from Nihonmatsu, Fukushima, Japan. The average soil 137Cs concentration was 1084Bqkg?1, and the soil type comprised sandy clay loam, where the sand: silt: clay proportion was 62:18:20. After growing for 15 days in a temperature-controlled growth chamber, plants were subjected to drought stress conditions by addition of either 10 or 20% polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) to the soil to reduce the osmotic potential of the soil, or to field capacity conditions (0% PEG). Analysis of the growth traits and water relations revealed the different strategies employed by the two blackgram varieties under water stress conditions. No differences were observed among the two varieties under field capacity conditions. However, under both drought stress conditions (10 or 20% PEG), the reduction in total leaf area, total biomass and plant growth analysis parameters, in addition to the relative water content, were higher in BS than in BT plants. Both plant varieties exhibited lower 137Cs concentrations in the leaves, shoots and roots under drought stress conditions compared to plants subjected to field capacity conditions. Under drought stress conditions, BT plants showed uptake and translocation of 137Cs from the roots to shoots and leaves, while this activity was seriously limited in BS plants, and especially in the leaf portion of BS plants treated with 20% PEG. In BT plants, potassium moved more freely than Cs from roots to the aerial parts of the plant under water stress conditions, while this was not the case in BS plants. Examination of the hydraulic conductivity showed a positive correlation with the 137Cs concentration in leaf and stem. Our results showed that the accumulation and distribution patterns of 137Cs among part of the blackgram tissues were dependent on plant growth performance, water movement pathways, and selective absorption.

Khin Thuzar Win; Aung Zaw Oo; Han Phyo Aung; Akimi Terasaki; Tadashi Yokoyama; Sonoko Dorothea Bellingrath-Kimura

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Off-center Tl and Na dopant centers in CsI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use density functional theory calculations to characterize the electronic and structural properties of the Tl and Na dopant centers in CsI. We nd that the Tl and Na centers can accept one or two electrons and couple to long-range relaxations in the surrounding crystal lattice to distort strongly off-center to multiple distinct minima, even without a triplet excitation. The long-range distortions are a mechanism to couple to phonon modes in the crystal, and are expected to play an important role in the phonon-assisted transport of polarons in activated CsI and subsequent light emission in this scintillator.

Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Schultz, P. A.

2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Extra sub-Doppler lines in the vicinity of the third-resonance 6S-8P transition of atomic Cs attributed to optically induced Cs dimers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the observation of additional sub-Doppler lines in a saturated absorption experiment when exploring the vicinity of the 6S{sub 1/2}-8P{sub 3/2} transition of Cs ({lambda}=388 nm). These additional lines are observed only under a relatively strong irradiation of both the pump and the probe beams. Extra narrow lines are also observed in copropagating nonlinear spectroscopy, and around the lines of the V-type three-level system 8P{sub 3/2}-6S{sub 1/2}-8P{sub 1/2} ({lambda}{sub 1}=388 nm, {lambda}{sub 2}=389 nm). We attribute theses additional lines to a probing of high-lying molecular cesium, produced as a result of the optical excitation of Cs atoms, as the low Cs atom density ({<=}10{sup 12}cm{sup -3}) is unable to populate significantly the dimer states in the condition of thermal equilibrium.

Passerat de Silans, Thierry; Maurin, Isabelle; Laliotis, Athanasios; Segundo, Pedro Chaves de Souza; Bloch, Daniel [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Institut Galilee, Universite Paris 13, Villetaneuse, UMR 7538 du CNRS, 99 AvenueJ.B. Clement, F-93430 Villetaneuse (France)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

FATE AND TRANSPORT OF RADIONUCLIDES [U(VI), Sr, Cs] IN VADOSE ZONE SEDIMENTS AT THE HANFORD SITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FATE AND TRANSPORT OF RADIONUCLIDES [U(VI), Sr, Cs] IN VADOSE ZONE SEDIMENTS AT THE HANFORD SITE AND TRANSPORT OF RADIONUCLIDES [U(VI), Sr, Cs] IN VADOSE ZONE SEDIMENTS AT THE HANFORD SITE Abstract by Kenton A that influence radionuclide fate and transport in the Hanford vadose zone. Hanford was established for nuclear

Flury, Markus

243

Penetration of 90Sr and 137Cs in deep layers of the Pacific and vertical diffusion rate of deep water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......June 1962 research-article Article Penetration of 90Sr and 137Cs in deep layers of the Pacific and vertical diffusion rate of deep water Yasuo Miyake * Katsuko...Mabashi, Suginami, Tokyo Vertical penetration of Sr-90 and Cs-137 down to 5......

Yasuo Miyake; Katsuko Saruhashi; Yukio Katsuragi; Teruko Kanazawa

1962-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

PUBLICATIONS (REFEREED) Howat, C.S. III, and Swift, G.W., 1980. A New Correlation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Srinivasan, S., and Howat, C.S., 1999. Optimization of Propylene Purification System. Paper 8d, AIChE Annual.M., Mark, L.M. (presenter), and Howat, C.S., 1989. Purification of Butadiene Using Thermally Coupled Estimation for the Removal of Acetone and Benzene from Waste Water. Paper 170i, AIChE Annual Meeting, San

Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

245

Safe Exploration in Markov Decision Processes Teodor Mihai Moldovan moldovan@cs.berkeley.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safe Exploration in Markov Decision Processes Teodor Mihai Moldovan moldovan@cs.berkeley.edu Pieter for safe exploration methods in Markov decision processes. We first pro- pose a general formulation reinforcement learning algorithms provide strong exploration guar- antees, but they tend to rely on an ergod

Abbeel, Pieter

246

CERAMIC BREEDER BLANKET FOR ARIES-CS A.R. Raffray1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a Rankine steam cycle (e.g. the EU He-cooled pebble bed blanket3 ). However, safety concerns have been in the first phase of the ARIES-CS study. The blanket is coupled to a Brayton power cycle to avoid the safety a Brayton cycle to such a blanket, by optimizing the cycle as well as by maximizing the coolant temperature

California at San Diego, University of

247

Introduction to Ad hoc Networks CS-647: Advanced Topics in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1-1 Introduction to Ad hoc Networks CS-647: Advanced Topics in Wireless Networks Drs. Baruch Awerbuch 2008 #12;1-2 Outline What is an ad hoc network? Challenges facing ad hoc networks History of Ad C. K. Toh, Chapter 3, "Ad Hoc Wireless Networks", Prentice Hall, 2002 D. P. Agrawal and Qing

Amir, Yair

248

Computer Science Colloquia 2010-11 http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~colloq/new/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Colloquia 2010-11 http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~colloq/new/ ALL SCIENCE IS COMPUTER computation. In particular, we have found that building these hierarchies in image space dramatically reduces is an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Iowa. His specialty

Mayfield, John

249

Computer Science Colloquia 2010-11 http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~colloq/new/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Colloquia 2010-11 http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~colloq/new/ ALL SCIENCE IS COMPUTER SCIENCE Dr. Jack Lutz Molecular Programming and Self-Assembly: How Computer Scientists Will Lead are computer scientists, and this will be even more true in the future. This is because the methods

Mayfield, John

250

September 23, 2004/ARR ARIES-CS Power Core: Initial Scoping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 23, 2004/ARR 1 ARIES-CS Power Core: Initial Scoping Study and Assessment A. René Raffray University of California, San Diego OFES, DoE September 23, 2004 #12;September 23, 2004/ARR 2 Outline Phase I Engineering Effort · Maintenance and Assembly · Power Core Concepts · Engineering and Physics Integration Very

Raffray, A. René

251

CSCI 227 Page 1 Fall 2014 CSCI 227 Introduction to Cybersecurity for Non-CS majors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSCI 227 Page 1 Fall 2014 Syllabus CSCI 227 ­ Introduction to Cybersecurity for Non-CS majors Fall.0 Course Description This course will provide an introduction to concepts related to Cybersecurity of Cybersecurity; introduce concepts of Internet security; present properties of malicious software; study tools

Banik, Shankar M.

252

CS 115: Programming I Spring 2014 Instructors Dr. Suzanne Rivoire, Dr. Tia Watts, Noah Melcon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 115: Programming I ­ Spring 2014 Instructors Dr. Suzanne Rivoire, Dr. Tia Watts, Noah Melcon Meeting times Lecture: TTh 9:20­10:35 Darwin 102 Rivoire Lab (Sections 1/2): T 5:00­7:50 Darwin 25 Watts

Ravikumar, B.

253

CS233917-AF National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS233917-AF National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division, Physical Activity, and Obesity Profile Obesity has important consequences on our nation's health by unhealthy options when it comes to diet and physical activity.We need public health approaches that make

254

Technical Report CS96481, CSE Dept., UCSD, April 1996 Determining Asynchronous Pipeline Execution Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Report CS96­481, CSE Dept., UCSD, April 1996 Determining Asynchronous Pipeline Execution pipelining is a form of parallelism in which processors execute different loop tasks (loop statements) as opposed to different loop iterations. An asynchronous pipeline schedule for a loop is an assignment

Ferrante, Jeanne

255

Conference Rankings I promised to send you a website for CS conference rankings. It is at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference Rankings I promised to send you a website for CS conference rankings. It is at http://www.csconferenceranking.org/conferencerankings/alltopics.html It is not the only such ranking, but it seems to agree with what I have found in attending conferences to rank conference are anonymous only revealed after their death. The reason is that people have been

Allan, Vicki H.

256

Testing and Verification of Digital Circuits ECE/CS 5745/6745  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Testing and Verification of Digital Circuits ECE/CS 5745/6745 Syllabus Instructor: Priyank Kalla@ece.utah.edu 1. Introduction Introduction to VLSI Testing and Design Verification Sets, Relations and Testing Types Logical Modeling of Physical Faults Fault Detection using Boolean Difference

Kalla, Priyank

257

BOOT CAMP: A FIRST YEAR SEMINAR IN CS1 LABS Alice Armstrong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOOT CAMP: A FIRST YEAR SEMINAR IN CS1 LABS Alice Armstrong Computer Science Department for college success. This "boot camp" also lays out the degree concentrations available in the Computer hours a week: two hours identical to the non-major sections and an additional hour nicknamed "boot camp

Armstrong, Alice

258

June 14-15, 2006/ARR ARIES-CS Power Core Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 10.0 Avg. heat flux on divertor including alpha loss component (MW/m2) 0.985 THERMAL POWER IN BLANKETJune 14-15, 2006/ARR 1 ARIES-CS Power Core Engineering: Updating Power Flow, Blanket and Divertor,sol Comprehensive Power Flow Diagram Including Possibility of Added Power and Alpha Loss Flux Going to Both FW

Raffray, A. René

259

Introduction to Text Mining and Web gaocong@cs.aau.dk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

standard data-mining #12;Definitions of Text Mining · Text mining mainly is about somehow extractingIntroduction to Text Mining and Web Search Gao Cong gaocong@cs.aau.dk Some slides are borrowed from;Objectives · To have a rough idea of text mining and web search ­ Not about deep techniques · Connections

Kaiserslautern, Universität

260

The Tokamak Physi'cs Experiment* Ronald C. Davidson+ and Robert J. Goldston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tokamak Physi'cs Experiment* Ronald C. Davidson+ and Robert J. Goldston Princeton Plasma) [Nevins et al., Plasma Physics and Controlled Nucle& F&on, Wiirzburg (InternationalAtomic Energy' rather than "advanced" physics regimes.The elementsof these advancedregimes, and the machine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O debussy@cs.yonsei.ac.kr, iklee@yonsei.ac.kr Affective Icons for Music Exploring Min and colors of harmonograph curves. These curves can be used as icons for music retrieval, and we demonstrate. This approach is compatible with a standard icon-based file browser. . Introduction Since the appearance

Lee, In-Kwon

262

Childrens School 2012-2013 Carnegie Mellon University FAMILY HANDBOOK www.psy.cmu.edu/cs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Childrens School 2012-2013 Carnegie Mellon University FAMILY HANDBOOK www.psy.cmu.edu/cs 1 Dear and assessing childrens progress in all aspects of the social, cognitive, and physical foundations necessary of this Family Handbook is to provide an organized source of detailed information specifically related

263

Children's School 2013-2014 Carnegie Mellon University FAMILY HANDBOOK www.psy.cmu.edu/cs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Children's School 2013-2014 Carnegie Mellon University FAMILY HANDBOOK www.psy.cmu.edu/cs 1 Dear and assessing children's progress in all aspects of the social, cognitive, and physical foundations necessary of this Family Handbook is to provide an organized source of detailed information specifically related

264

Algebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for intelligent controls, is a mathematical formalism that integrates fuzzy logic, rough sets , evolutionary: control, fuzzy logic, evolutionary computing, modal logic, rough logic, rough set. 1 IntroductionAlgebra and Geometry of Rough Logic Controllers T. Y. Lin 1 tylin@cs.susu.edu Martin Wildberger 2

Lin, Tsau Young

265

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/ kasahara@waseda.jp Tel. 03 APIOSCAR OSCAR OSCAR OSCAR Many-core Chip , , #12;OSCAR API v2.0 · NEDO20081114OSCAR API ver.1.0 22CFortran2 CFortran DMAC OSCAR API ver.2.0OSCAR APIOSCAR API2012425http

Kasahara, Hironori

266

Internal conversion coefficients in (134)Cs, (137)Ba, and (139)La: A precise test of theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently we measured the ratio of K-shell internal conversion coefficients, alpha(K), for the 127.5-keV E3 transition in (134)Cs and the 661.7-keV M4 transition in (137)Ba. We here report a measurement of the 165.9-keV M1 transition in (139)La...

Nica, N.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Balonek, C.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

CS1428 : Honors Assignment 0: Algorithms in Real Life and Hello World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS1428 : Honors Assignment 0: Algorithms in Real Life and Hello World 100 Points Due: Friday, Sep 6. The write-up does not need to be elaborate (1 page is sufficient). 2 Hello World Description For part two of this assginment you will write the hello world program in C++. This program has traditionally been the first

Qasem, Apan - Department of Computer Science, Texas State University

268

Tests of Cs-137 removal from DWPF samples prior to analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) will be used to encapsulate high-level radioactive waste into borosilicate glass at the Savannah River Site. To ensure that the process streams will be blended in the right proportions to produce durable glass, process control analyses will be performed in a laboratory in the DWPF. The high radioactivity of DWPF samples will require that sample preparation, including dissolution and dilution of samples, be performed in shielded cells. However the final analyses will be made with instruments and spectrometers contained in unshielded fume hoods. The primary radiation concern is the exposure to y-rays from the decay of Cs-137 after samples are removed from the shielded cells. Since there are several methods available for removing Cs-137 from samples, investigations were made into removing Cs-137 from DWPF samples prior to analysis in order to reduce worker exposure. Results are presented of the efficiency of various Cs-137 removal techniques and the effects of these techniques on analytical precision and accuracy.

Dewberry, R.A.; Coleman, C.J.

1994-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Fractals with turtle graphics: a CS2 programming exercise for introducing recursion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a programming exercise developed and used in CS2 classes to help introduce recursive programming. Providing a set of primitives which comprise a graphics system allows the students to focus on top down design and the nature of recursion, ...

Ivan B. Liss; Thomas C. McMillan

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Here, There and Everywhere On the Recurring Use of Turtle Graphics in CS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here, There and Everywhere ­ On the Recurring Use of Turtle Graphics in CS1 Michael E. Caspersen implements a virtual drawing machine--the turtle machine. The turtle ma- chine is well-known for giving present our experiences with resurrecting the Logo turtle in a new object-oriented way and using

Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

271

Secure Systems Editor: S.W. Smith, sws@cs.dartmouth.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Systems Editor: S.W. Smith, sws@cs.dartmouth.edu side of the picture--the computers which we train students, young and old, to be effective cyber-citizens; and the media coverage or produce more effective tailors. S.W. SMITH Dartmouth College T oalargeextent,computingsystemsareu

Smith, Sean W.

272

Hierarchy of formal descriptions for architectural analysis and design of complex CS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditionally, in the CS design process, it is considered more important to formalize the functionality of the system, while the system's environment plays a secondary role. From our point of view, a formalized representation of the system functionality ... Keywords: architectural analysis support, concept development, hierarchical formalization, simulation modeling approach

A. Kurkovsky

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

? + Residual polarization in water, CS2, C6F6 and hydrocarbons under strong decoupling fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The? + decay asymmetry was measured as a function of longitudinal magnetic field (LF) between zero and 10 kG in spin decoupling experiments on muons in water, c-hexane, CS2, C6F6, C6H6 etc. The re...

Y. Miyake; Y. Tabata; Y. Ito; K. Ishida; T. Matsuzaki

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

An X-Ray Fluorescence Study on the Segregation of Cs and I in and Inverted Organic Solar Cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray near-total-reflection fluorescence reveals that in multilayers of the inverted organic solar cell (ITO/CsI/P3HT:PCBM-based) Cs diffuses into the organic layer and iodide diffuses into the ITO. Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry measurements, which integrate elemental concentration across the whole multilayer structure, indicate that the Cs:I ratio remains 1:1 confirming there is no loss of iodine from the sample. Iodide diffusion to the bulk ITO layer is also found in a similarly prepared ITO/NaI/P3HT:PCBM multilayer structure. Our results are consistent with recent XPS measurements which show that the Cs:I ratio at the ITO/CsI surface exceeds 8:1, and rationalize this observation.

Lindemann, William R. [Ames Laboratory; Xiao, Teng [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Wenjie [Ames Laboratory; Berry, Jonna E. [Ames Laboratory; Anderson, Nathaniel A. [Ames Laboratory; Houk, Robert S. [Ames Laboratory; Shinar, Ruth [Ames Laboratory; Shinar, Joseph [Ames Laboratory; Vaknin, David [Ames Laboratory

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Enviromental influences on the {sup 137}Cs kinetics of the yellow-bellied turtle (Trachemys Scripta)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assessments of ecological risk require accurate predictions of contaminant dynamics in natural populations. However, simple deterministic models that assume constant uptake rates and elimination fractions may compromise both their ecological realism and their general application to animals with variable metabolism or diets. In particular, the temperature-dependent model of metabolic rates characteristic of ectotherms may lead to significant differences between observed and predicted contaminant kinetics. We examined the influence of a seasonally variable thermal environment on predicting the uptake and annual cycling of contaminants by ectotherms, using a temperature-dependent model of {sup 137}Cs kinetics in free-living yellow-bellied turtles, Trachemys scripta. We compared predictions from this model with those of deterministics negative exponential and flexibly shaped Richards sigmoidal models. Concentrations of {sup 137}Cs in a population if this species in Pond B, a radionuclide-contaminated nuclear reactor cooling reservoir, and {sup 137}Cs uptake by the uncontaminated turtles held captive in Pond B for 4 yr confirmed both the pattern of uptake and the equilibrium concentrations predicted by the temperature-dependent model. Almost 90% of the variance on the predicted time-integrated {sup 137}Cs concentration was explainable by linear relationships with model paramaters. The model was also relatively insensitive to uncertainties in the estimates of ambient temperature, suggesting that adequate estimates of temperature-dependent ingestion and elimination may require relatively few measurements of ambient conditions at sites of interest. Analyses of Richards sigmoidal models of {sup 137}Cs uptake indicated significant differences from a negative exponential trajectory in the 1st yr after the turtles` release into Pond B. 76 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

Peters, E.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); Brisbin, L.I. Jr. [Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United States gathered for a think-tank international week April 18-22, 2011 to examine Latin America's equity-gap challenges using a community engagement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United. The keynote address--Brazil's Unified Health System May Promote Social Inequality: Paradox or dialectic/northeastern Brazil constitute nadirs of economic and health inequality. The stunting rates among children

Liu, Taosheng

277

Role of Cs on Hydrodesulfurization Activity of RuS2 Catalysts Supported on a Mesoporous SBA-15 Type Material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Role of Cs on Hydrodesulfurization Activity of RuS2 Catalysts Supported on a Mesoporous SBA-15 Type Material ... Ruthenium(III) chloride, RuCl3nH2O (? 41 wt % Ru, from Fluka); cesium hydroxide, CsOH (50 wt % solution, from Aldrich); and cesium chloride, CsCl (99.9% from Aldrich) were employed as ruthenium and cesium precursor salts, respectively. ... These liquid samples were kept in sealed vials and subsequently analyzed by gas chromatography (Shimadzu GC-14B, equipped with a flame ionization detector and a capillary column, TBR-14, coupled to an automatic Shimadzu AOC-20i injector). ...

A. Infantes-Molina; A. Romero-Pe?rez; V. Sa?nchez-Gonza?lez; B. Pawelec; J. L.G. Fierro; A. Jime?nez-Lo?pez; E. Rodri?guez-Castello?n

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

278

Adsorption properties of Cs{sup +} for composite adsorbents and their irradiation stabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Novel composite adsorbents using impregnation-precipitation methods have been developed; these fine crystals are loaded in the macro-pores of porous silica gels and zeolites. The 2 following composite adsorbents: KCoFC-NM (NM: natural mordenite, 0.4-1.0 mm), KCoFC-SG (SG: porous silica gel, NH and Q-10)) were prepared by impregnation-precipitation methods. This article presents the results of tests about their characterization, their selective adsorption ability of Cs{sup 137} and their irradiation stability. It is shown that the KCoFC-SG and KCoFC-NM composites are thus efficient for the selective separation of Cs{sup 137} in low-level radioactive waste (LLW) containing highly concentrated sodium nitrate.

Susa, Shunsuke; Mimura, Hitoshi [Tohoku University, Aramaki-Aza-Aoba 6-6, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579 (Japan); Ito, Yoshiyuki; Saito, Yasuo [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Muramatsu 4-33, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1194 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Determination of fallout 137Cs and naturally occuring gamma-ray emitters in sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the advent of the nuclear age, a number of radionuclides were introduced into Man's natural radiation environment. Two of these radionuclides, cesium-137 and strontium-90, are of particular interest because of their long half lives and biological importance. Research at the U.S.D.A. Sedimentation Laboratory is being conducted on the movement and redistribution of 137Cs and the naturally occuring gamma-ray emitting radionuclides, thorium, uranium and potassium, in relation to cultural and erosional processes within watersheds. (1,2) This technical note describes the methods used at the U.S.D.A. Sedimentation Laboratory to determine137Cs and the naturally occurring gamma-ray emitters in sediments.

Jerry C. Ritchie; J.R. McHenry

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

137Cs in Urine of Tourists Who Visited Kiev Late in April, 1986. Estimation of the Intake of 137Cs and 239Pu: Due to the Nuclear Reactor Accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Urine of Tourists Who Visited Kiev Late in April, 1986. -Estimation of the Intake of 137Cs and 239Pu: Due to the Nuclear Reactor Accident- Teruhisa Watabe Kohki Sugawara * Division of Radioecology, Laboratory for Radioecology, Isozaki 3609......

Teruhisa Watabe; Kohki Sugawara

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Geometric and electronic properties of Cs structures on III-V (110) surfaces: From 1D and 2D insulators to 3D metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the structural and electronic properties of Cs adsorbed on room-temperature GaAs and InSb (110) surfaces as observed with scanning tunneling microscopy. Cs initially forms long one-dimensional (1D) zigzag chains on both surfaces. Additional Cs adsorption on GaAs(110) results in the formation of a 2D overlayer consisting of five-atom Cs polygons arranged in c(44) superlattice. The tunneling gap measured over these insulating structures narrows with the transition from 1D to 2D, with metallic characteristics observed following saturation with a second Cs overlayer.

L. J. Whitman; Joseph A. Stroscio; R. A. Dragoset; R. J. Celotta

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

283

Chernobyl {sup 137}Cs used to determine sediment accretion rates at selected northern European coastal wetlands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sediment cores were collected form five coastal wetlands along the North Sea (England and Netherlands) and Baltic Sea (Poland). {sup 137}Cs dating was used to assess sediment accretion rates, including rates based on the {sup 137}Cs peak from the 1986 accident at Chernobyl. Peaks form the Chernobyl fallout were found in cores from the Oder and Vistula Rivers in Poland, from the Eastern Scheldt in the Netherlands, and in one of the two cores from Stiffkey Marsh, UK. No evidence of Chernobyl fallout was found in cores from Dengie Marsh, UK. The Chernobyl {sup 137}Cs peak serves as an excellent marker for short-term accretion rates because of its high activity. Vertical accretion rates (cm yr{sup {minus}1}) based on 1963 and 1986 peaks were similar at most sites; differences may be due to large inputs of sediment from storms or recent accumulation of organic matter. Large differences in sediment characteristics and accretion rates were found between samples from Poland and western Europe. Vertical accretion rates over the period 1963-1986 ranged from 0.26 to 0.85 cm{sup {minus}1} and from 0.30 to 1.90 cm yr{sup {minus}1} over the 1986-1991 period. Vertical accretion rates for the period these sites are in imminent danger of excessive flooding. The Chernobyl {sup 137}Cs peak will be especially useful for studies of short-term (i.e. very recent) sedimentation in the near future and for comparisons of sediment processes over different time scales. 33 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Callaway, J.C.; DeLaune, R.D.; Patrick, W.H. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

www.cs.virginia.edu Apr 1, 2009 -Apr 30, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.virginia.edu / referral 873 5.32% images.google.com / referral 291 1.77% virginia.edu / referral 150 0.91% 1 Google (direct) ((none)) 7,519 45.83% google (organic) 5,795 35.32% seas.virginia.edu (referral) 873 5.32% images.google.com (referral) 291 1.77% virginia.edu (referral) 150 0.91% Keywords Visits % visits uva cs 166 2.68% uva

Robins, Gabriel

285

INTRODUCTION IFT3290 H2005 UDEM MIKL OS CS UR OS IFT 3290 HIVER 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

«EGF receptor» au site Web de SWISS-PROT et suivez le lien vers EGFR HUMAN.) pleine d'information li´ee : e.g., structure 3D (www) (Suivez le lien «PDB» dans la ligne «HSSP».) S´equence MRPSGTAGAA-PROT INTRODUCTION IFT3290 H2005 UDEM MIKL ´OS CS UR ¨OS 7 ExPASy Home page Site Map Search ExPASy Contact us SWISS

Csürös, Miklós

286

Evaluation of aqueous Na{sup +}/Cs{sup +} separation by electrodialysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the Hanford Site cleanup, electrodialysis is being investigated as a method to separate aqueous sodium (Na{sup +}) and cesium (Cs{sup +}) ions. The approach has many advantages over existing separation technologies; in particular, electrodialysis creates little secondary waste while producing usable acid and base streams. The fundamentals of electrodialysis are presented in this report to provide a foundation for interpreting experimental data. A flat-plate laboratory-scale apparatus was used to determine the feasibility of separating Na{sup +}/Cs{sup +} mixtures by electrodialysis. The results showed that Cs{sup +} is preferentially separated over Na{sup +} by a factor of 2 to 3 using a Nafion{reg_sign} 417 cationic membrane. The separation is relatively insensitive to solution ionic strength and flow-rate variations. The current efficiency of the separation ranges from 0.60 to 0.65 depending on the applied voltage. The laboratory-scale system was characterized by dimensional analysis, which demonstrated that the process could be scaled up to a size attractive for the volume of waste at the Hanford Site. Preliminary experiments on a bench-scale system were also conducted. The initial results showed that the current-voltage response of the laboratory- and the bench-scale unit is identical.

Buehler, M.F.; Lawrence, W.E.; Norton, J.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Calculations of parity-nonconserving s-d amplitudes in Cs, Fr, Ba+, and Ra+  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have performed ab initio mixed-states and sum-over-states calculations of parity-nonconserving (PNC) electric dipole (E1) transition amplitudes between s-d electron states of Cs, Fr, Ba+, and Ra+. For the lower states of these atoms we have also calculated energies, E1 transition amplitudes, and lifetimes. We have shown that PNC E1 amplitudes between s-d states can be calculated to high accuracy. Contrary to the Cs 6s-7s transition, in these transitions there are no strong cancellations between different terms in the sum-over-states approach. In fact, there is one dominating term which deviates from the sum by less than 20%. This term corresponds to an s-p1/2 weak matrix element, which can be calculated with an accuracy of better than 1%, and a p1/2-d3/2 E1 transition amplitude, which can be measured. Also, the s-d amplitudes are about four times larger than the corresponding s-s amplitudes. We have shown that by using a hybrid mixed-statessum-over-states approach the accuracy of the calculations of PNC s-d amplitudes could compete with that of Cs 6s-7s if p1/2-d3/2 E1 amplitudes are measured to high accuracy.

V. A. Dzuba; V. V. Flambaum; J. S. M. Ginges

2001-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

288

Contra Costa Santa Clara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pico Energy Center El Centro Unit 3 (RP) Black Rock 1, 2 & 3 Geothermal Blythe 2 Comb. Cycle (E Tracy Willow Pass GWF Tracy Lodi Energy Center Lodi Energy Center Mariposa Energy Mariposa Energy. Station ON HOLD Lodi Energy Center Russell City GWF Hanford Combined Cycle Amendment Avenal Energy

289

Search for a light charged Higgs boson in the decay channel H^+ > cs using the ATLAS detector.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A search for a light charged Higgs boson (H^) decaying into two jets (cs) using pp collisions at s = sqrt(7 TeV) is presented. A (more)

Trifis, Omran

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The Seven Cs Ethical Model of Communication: Environmental Communication and Indigenous Knowledge Management Strategies in International Agricultural Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for international organizations serving agricultural development. Conclusions for the 7Cs ethical model of communication offer perspective on the model as a discursive response to neoliberal policies and international development ethics....

McCann, Elisabeth

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

291

CS 525: Advanced Database Organization Study of relational, semantic, and object-oriented data models and interfaces. Database management system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

History of database management. Goals of database system development. Relational systems Data modelsCS 525: Advanced Database Organization Objectives Study of relational, semantic, and object-oriented data models and interfaces. Database management system techniques for query optimization, concurrency

Heller, Barbara

292

Yuening Hu, Jordan Boyd-Graber, Brianna Satinoff {ynhu, bsonrisa}@cs.umd.edu, jbg@umiacs.umd.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yuening Hu, Jordan Boyd-Graber, Brianna Satinoff {ynhu, bsonrisa}@cs.umd.edu, jbg the words (Boyd-Graber et al., 2007) nasa shuttle space tea bagel god constitution president 19 #12

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

293

APPLICATION OF BAYESIAN AND GEOSTATISTICAL MODELING TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING OF CS-137 AT THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Cs-137 concentrations above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency risk-based threshold of 0.23 pCi/g may increase the risk of human mortality due to cancer. As a leader in nuclear research, the INL has been conducting nuclear activities for decades. Elevated anthropogenic radionuclide levels including Cs-137 are a result of atmospheric weapons testing, the Chernobyl accident, and nuclear activities occurring at the INL site. Therefore environmental monitoring and long-term surveillance of Cs-137 is required to evaluate risk. However, due to the large land area involved, frequent and comprehensive monitoring is limited. Developing a spatial model that predicts Cs-137 concentrations at unsampled locations will enhance the spatial characterization of Cs-137 in surface soils, provide guidance for an efficient monitoring program, and pinpoint areas requiring mitigation strategies. The predictive model presented herein is based on applied geostatistics using a Bayesian analysis of environmental characteristics across the INL site, which provides kriging spatial maps of both Cs-137 estimates and prediction errors. Comparisons are presented of two different kriging methods, showing that the use of secondary information (i.e., environmental characteristics) can provide improved prediction performance in some areas of the INL site.

Kara G. Eby

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Relationship between the {sup 137}Cs whole-body counting results and soil and food contamination in farms near Chernobyl  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors measured the radioactivity in the soil and child food samples from farms near Mogilev (56--270 GBq km{sup {minus}2} {sup 137}Cs), Gomel (36--810 GBq km{sup {minus}2} {sup 137}Cs), and Klincy (59--270 GBq km{sup {minus}2} {sup 137}Cs), who had whole-body {sup 137}Cs counting results measured as part of a health examination in the Chernobyl Sasakawa Health and Medical Cooperation Project. Soil contamination on the family farm seems to be the main source of human contamination because most of the people in the area live on small farms and they and their domestic animals eat crops from the farms. A clear correlation was found between the children's whole-body {sup 137}Cs counting results and the radioactivity in their food (correlation coefficient: 0.76; confidence level of correlation: 3.2 x 10{sup {minus}9}). There were also significant correlations between the whole-body {sup 137}Cs counting results and both the radioactivity of the soil samples (correlation coefficient: 0.22; confidence level of correlation: 0.0107) and the average contamination level of their current residence (correlation coefficient: 0.20; confidence level of correlation: 0.0174).

Takatsuji, Toshihiro; Sato, Hitoshi; Takada, Jun [and others] [and others

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Cs-137 in the Savannah River and the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water-treatment plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cesium-137 concentration measurements made in 1965 are reported for the Savannah River above and below the Savannah River Plant (SRP) and for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants down river. These concentrations, measured when four SRP reactors (C, K, L, and P) were operating, were used to estimate Cs-137 reduction ratios for transport in the Savannah River and across each water treatment plant. In 1965 there was a 48% reduction in the Cs-137 concentration in the Savannah River between Highway 301 and the water treatment plant inlet points. Measured Cs-137 values in the finished water from Port Wentworth and the Beaufort-Jasper water treatment plants showed an 80% and 98% reduction in concentration level, respectively, when compared to Cs-137 concentration at Highway 301. The lower Cs-137 concentration (0.04 pCi/l) in the Beaufort-Jasper finished water is attributed to dilution in the canal from inflow of surface water (40%) and sediment cleanup processes that take place in the open portions of the canal (about 17 to 18 miles). Using the 1965 data, maximum Cs-137 concentrations expected in finished water in the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants following L-Reactor startup were recalculated. The recalculated values are 0.01 and 0.09 pCi/l for Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth, respectively, compared to the 1.05 pCi/l value in the Environmental Assessment.

Hayes, D.W.; Boni, A.L.

1983-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

296

Aggregated Transfer Factors For Small Mammals Collected From the Exposed Sediments Of A 137 Cs Contaminated Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{sup 137}Cs transfer factors were computed for small mammals collected from the dried sediment areas of a partially drained, contaminated reservoir. Soil {sup 137}Cs concentrations were heterogeneous on small and large spatial scales, with a geometric mean of 253.1 Bq/kg dry weight. About 50% of the variance in cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus tissue {sup 137}Cs levels was explained by variation in soil {sup 137}Cs levels. Soil to animal transfer factors (whole body dry weight) averaged 6.0 for cotton rats and 1.2 for cotton mice Peromyscus gossypinus. These values are similar to {sup 137}Cs transfer factors for herbivorous, homeothermic animals from other contaminated ecosystems. Site-specific transfer factors can significantly affect the estimation of dose. In the RESRAD-BIOTA dose model, the default transfer factor for {sup 137}Cs in terrestrial animals is 110 resulting in an estimate of radiation dose to terrestrial biota that is 16 times more than the dose calculated with the actual measured transfer factor.

Paller, Michael H.; Jannika, G. Timothy; Wike, Lynn D

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

Long-Term Reduction in 137Cs Concentration in Food Crops on Coral Atolls Resulting from Potassium Treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island was contaminated March 1, 1954 by the Bravo detonation (U.S nuclear test series, Castle) at Bikini Atoll. About 90% of the estimated dose from nuclear fallout to potential island residents is from cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) transferred from soil to plants that are consumed by residents. Thus, radioecology research efforts have been focused on removing {sup 137}Cs from soil and/or reducing its uptake into vegetation. Most effective was addition of potassium (K) to soil that reduces {sup 137}Cs concentration in fruits to 3-5% of pretreatment concentrations. Initial observations indicated this low concentration continued for some time after K was last applied. Long-term studies were designed to evaluate this persistence in more detail because it is very important to provide assurance to returning populations that {sup 137}Cs concentrations in food (and, therefore, radiation dose) will remain low for extended periods, even if K is not applied annually or biennially. Potassium applied at 300, 660, 1260, and 2070 kg ha{sup -1} lead to a {sup 137}Cs concentration in drinking coconut meat that is 34, 22, 10, and about 4% of original concentration, respectively. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs remains low 8 to 10 y after K is last applied. An explanation for this unexpected result is discussed.

Robison, W L; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L

2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

298

Long-Term Reduction in 137Cs Concentration in Food Crops on Coral Atolls Resulting from Potassium Treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bikini Island was contaminated March 1, 1954 by the Bravo detonation (U.S nuclear test series, Castle) at Bikini Atoll. About 90% of the estimated dose from nuclear fallout to potential island residents is from cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) transferred from soil to plants that are consumed by residents. Thus, radioecology research efforts have been focused on removing {sup 137}Cs from soil and/or reducing its uptake into vegetation. Most effective was addition of potassium (K) to soil that reduces {sup 137}Cs concentration in fruits to 3-5% of pretreatment concentrations. Initial observations indicated this low concentration continued for some time after K was last applied. Long-term studies were designed to evaluate this persistence in more detail because it is very important to provide assurance to returning populations that {sup 137}Cs concentrations in food (and, therefore, radiation dose) will remain low for extended periods, even if K is not applied annually or biennially. Potassium applied at 300, 660, 1260, and 1970 kg ha{sup -1} lead to a {sup 137}Cs concentration in drinking coconut meat that is 34, 22, 10, and about 4 % of original concentration, respectively. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs remains low 8 to 10 y after K is last applied. An explanation for this unexpected result is discussed.

Robison, W; Stone, E; Hamilton, T; Conrado, C

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

299

Quantum Control of the Hyperfine Spin of a Cs Atom Ensemble  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate quantum control of a large spin angular momentum associated with the F=3 hyperfine ground state of {sup 133}Cs. Time-dependent magnetic fields and a static tensor light shift are used to implement near-optimal controls and map a fiducial state to a broad range of target states, with yields in the range 0.8-0.9. Squeezed states are produced also by an adiabatic scheme that is more robust against errors. Universal control facilitates the encoding and manipulation of qubits and qudits in atomic ground states and may lead to the improvement of some precision measurements.

Chaudhury, Souma; Herr, Tobias; Jessen, Poul S. [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States); Merkel, Seth; Silberfarb, Andrew; Deutsch, Ivan H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

2007-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

300

Photoionization rates of Cs Rydberg atoms in a 1064-nm far-off-resonance trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements of photoionization rates of nD{sub 5/2} Rydberg states of Cs (50{<=}n{<=}75) in a 1064-nm far off-resonance dipole trap are presented. The photoionization rates are obtained by measuring the lifetimes of Rydberg atoms produced inside of a 1064-nm far off-resonance trap and comparing the lifetimes to corresponding control experiments in a magneto-optical trap. Experimental results for the control experiments agree with recent theoretical predictions for Rydberg state lifetimes and measured photoionization rates are in agreement with transition rates calculated from a model potential.

Tallant, J.; Booth, D.; Shaffer, J. P. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Illite in the Oklo natural fission reactors in Gabon: Considerations for Cs containment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The {approximately} 2 Ga old Oklo, Okelobondo and Bangombe natural reactors in the Republic of Gabon contain solid graphitic bitumens and clay minerals, both of which have effected the containment, or partial containment, of {sup 235}U and several fission products. In laboratory experiments, sorption of {sup 134}Cs by illite, and illite coated with petroleum was measured in aqueous NaCl solutions to simulate subsurface (connate) waters in sedimentary rocks. Elevated temperatures and increasing salinity of the NaCl solutions facilitated the removal of sorbed cesium from illite.

Szabo, G.; Guczi, J. [Frederic Joliot-Curie National Research Inst. for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene, Budapest (Hungary); Nagy, B. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Janeczek, J. [Uniwersytet Slaski, Sosnowiec (Poland); Ewing, R.C. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

Carrier Density Enhancement in Semiconducting NaSn and CsPb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrical conductivity ? and thermoelectric power S data have been measured in two semiconductors that undergo a solid-state transformation to a dynamically disordered phase about 100 C below the melting point. At the transition, ? for NaSn is reduced while that for CsPb exhibits a dramatic rise. For both semiconductors, S is reduced in magnitude and changes sign at the transition. These results are consistent with a model which explicitly allows for the interactions between mobile ions and electrons and which provides a unified explanation of the transport properties of these compounds and other fast ion conductors with appreciable electronic conductivity.

J. Fortner, Marie-Louise Saboungi, and J. E. Enderby

1995-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

303

Time-Resolved Molecular Frame Dynamics of Fixed-in-Space CS2 Molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Random orientation of molecules within a sample leads to blurred observationsof chemical reactions studied from the laboratory perspective. Methodsdeveloped for the dynamic imaging of molecular structures and processesstruggle with this, as measurements are optimally made in the molecular frame.Here we uselaser alignment to transiently fix CS2 molecules in space longenough to elucidate, in the molecular reference frame, details of ultrafast electronic vibrationaldynamics during a photochemical reaction. These three-dimensional photoelectron imaging results, combined with ongoing efforts in molecular alignment and orientation, presage a wide range of insights obtainable fromtime-resolved studies in the molecular frame.

Bisgaard, Christer; Clarkin, Owen; Wu, Guorong; Lee, Anthony; Gessner, Oliver; Hayden, Carl; Stolow, Albert

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

304

Temporal variations in 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations in seawater along the Shimokita Peninsula and the northern Sanriku coast in northeastern Japan, one year after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ninety-six seawater samples were collected between May 2011 and March 2012 at 6 sites along the Shimokita Peninsula and the northern Sanriku coast, 250450km north of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). Cesium-134 and 137Cs concentrations were determined by low-background ?-spectrometry. During MayJune 2011, 134Cs and 137Cs concentrations in surface waters decreased from 1.02.8 to 0.71.5mBq/L and from 2.13.9 to 1.93.0mBq/L, respectively. These decreases were due to diffusion and advection in the ocean after atmospheric input of the FDNPP-derived radionuclides. However, in JulyAugust 2011, the concentrations of both radionuclides in the water samples collected on the Pacificside of the Shimokita Peninsula and the northern Sanriku coast exhibited 3050-fold increases (?40mBq/L for 134Cs and ?50mBq/L for 137Cs) over concentrations observed at these sampling sites in June 2011 in contrast to the gradual decreases in the concentrations on the Tsugaru Strait side of the Shimokita Peninsula. These results suggest that radiocesium-contaminated waters offshore in the Pacific Ocean were transported to coastal regions along the Pacific side of the Shimokita Peninsula and the northern Sanriku coast by ocean currents.

Hisaki Kofuji; Mutsuo Inoue

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Nanocrystalline Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} particles: Effects of N{sub 2} annealing on microstructure and near-infrared shielding characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to further improve the near-infrared shielding properties of cesium tungsten bronze (Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3}) for solar filter applications, Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} particles were prepared by solvothermal reaction method and the effects of nitrogen annealing on the microstructure and near-infrared shielding properties of Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} were investigated. The obtained Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and spectrophotometer. The results indicate that nanosheet-like Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} particles with hexagonal structure began to transform into nanorods after annealed at temperature higher than 600 C. The near-infrared shielding properties of Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} particles could be further improved by N{sub 2} annealing at 500700 C. Particularly, the 500 C-annealed Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} samples in the N{sub 2} atmosphere showed best near-infrared shielding properties. It was suggested that the excellent near-infrared shielding ability of the 500 C-annealed Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} samples is correlated with its minimum O/W atomic ratio and most oxygen vacancies. Highlights: N{sub 2} annealing could further improve the near-infrared (NIR) shielding of Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3}. Effects of N{sub 2} annealing on microstructure and NIR shielding of Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} were studied. The 500 C-N{sub 2}-annealed Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} exhibited minimum O/W ratio and most oxygen vacancies. The 500 C-N{sub 2}-annealed Cs{sub x}WO{sub 3} particles exhibited best NIR shielding properties.

Liu, Jing-Xiao, E-mail: drliu-shi@dlpu.edu.cn [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Material, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8577,Japan (Japan); Shi, Fei; Dong, Xiao-Li; Xu, Qiang [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Yin, Shu; Sato, Tsugio [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Material, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8577,Japan (Japan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Watts Bar Unit 1 Cycle Zero Power Physics Tests Analysis with VERA-CS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) is developing a collection of methods and software products known as VERA, the Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications, including a core simulation capability called VERA-CS. A key milestone for this endeavor is to validate VERA against measurements from operating nuclear power reactors. The first step in validation against plant data is to determine the ability of VERA to accurately simulate the initial startup physics tests for Watts Bar Nuclear Power Station, Unit 1 (WBN1) cycle 1. VERA-CS calculations were performed with the Insilico code developed at ORNL using cross section processing from the SCALE system and the transport capabilities within the Denovo transport code using the SPN method. The calculations were performed with ENDF/B-VII.0 cross sections in 252 groups (collapsed to 23 groups for the 3D transport solution). The key results of the comparison of calculations with measurements include initial criticality, control rod worth critical configurations, control rod worth, differential boron worth, and isothermal temperature reactivity coefficient (ITC). The VERA results for these parameters show good agreement with measurements, with the exception of the ITC, which requires additional investigation. Results are also compared to those obtained with Monte Carlo methods and a current industry core simulator.

Gehin, Jess C [ORNL; Godfrey, Andrew T [ORNL; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Hamilton, Steven P [ORNL; Francheschini, F. [Westinghouse Electric Company, Cranberry Township

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Studies of Cs3Sb cathodes for the CLIC drive beam photo injector option  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the CLIC (Compact Linear Collider) project, feasibility studies of a photo injector option for the drive beam as an alternative to its baseline design using a thermionic electron gun are on-going. This R&D program covers both the laser and the photocathode side. Whereas the available laser pulse energy in ultra-violet (UV) is currently limited by the optical defects in the 4thharmonics frequency conversion crystal induced by the0.14 ms long pulse trains, recent measurements of Cs3Sbphotocathodes sensitive to green light showed their potential to overcome this limitation. Moreover, using visible laser beams leads to better stability of produced electron bunches and one can take advantages of the availability of higher quality optics. The studied Cs3Sbphotocathodes have been produced in the CERN photo emission laboratory using the co-deposition technique and tested in a DC gun set-up. The analysis of data acquired during the cathode production process will be presented in this paper, as well as the r...

Martini, Irene; Doebert, Steffen; Fedosseev, Valentine; Hessler, Christoph; Martyanov, Mikhail

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Paramagnetic Resonance Hyperfine Structure of Tetravalent Pa231 in Cs2ZrCl6  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Paramagnetic resonance absorption at 3-cm wavelengths is observed for tetravalent Pa231 in a single crystal of Cs2ZrCl6 at helium temperatures. The observed spectra correspond to the allowed transitions (Sz,Iz?Sz1,Iz) and the forbidden transitions (Sz, Iz?Sz1, Iz?1) of a system described by the spin Hamiltonian, Hs=g?HS+AIS-gn??HI, with S=12, I=32, |A|h=1578.61.4 Mc/sec, |g|=1.14230.0014, and |gn?|?810-4. The errors indicate a small deviation from isotropy. It is further observed that gn?g<0, indicating that if gn? is positive, as is strongly indicated by the nuclear shell model, then g is negative. An additional electron-nuclear double-resonance experiment is used to determine directly the nuclear magnetic moment ?(Pa231)=1.96 nuclear magnetons. This value includes a correction of 9% due to perturbations of an excited state about 1900 cm-1 above the ground-state doublet of Pa4+ in its octahedral crystal field. A lower frequency double-resonance experiment is used to measure the weak hyperfine interaction of the Pa4+ ion with its Cs133 neighbors, of order A??h?0.5 Mc/sec.

J. D. Axe; H. J. Stapleton; C. D. Jeffries

1961-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Glass Ceramic Waste Forms for Combined CS+LN+TM Fission Products Waste Streams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, glass ceramics were explored as an alternative waste form for glass, the current baseline, to be used for immobilizing alkaline/alkaline earth + lanthanide (CS+LN) or CS+LN+transition metal (TM) fission-product waste streams generated by a uranium extraction (UREX+) aqueous separations type process. Results from past work on a glass waste form for the combined CS+LN waste streams showed that as waste loading increased, large fractions of crystalline phases precipitated upon slow cooling.[1] The crystalline phases had no noticeable impact on the waste form performance by the 7-day product consistency test (PCT). These results point towards the development of a glass ceramic waste form for treating CS+LN or CS+LN+TM combined waste streams. Three main benefits for exploring glass ceramics are: (1) Glass ceramics offer increased solubility of troublesome components in crystalline phases as compared to glass, leading to increased waste loading; (2) The crystalline network formed in the glass ceramic results in higher heat tolerance than glass; and (3) These glass ceramics are designed to be processed by the same melter technology as the current baseline glass waste form. It will only require adding controlled canister cooling for crystallization into a glass ceramic waste form. Highly annealed waste form (essentially crack free) with up to 50X lower surface area than a typical High-Level Waste (HLW) glass canister. Lower surface area translates directly into increased durability. This was the first full year of exploring glass ceramics for the Option 1 and 2 combined waste stream options. This work has shown that dramatic increases in waste loading are achievable by designing a glass ceramic waste form as an alternative to glass. Table S1 shows the upper limits for heat, waste loading (based on solubility), and the decay time needed before treatment can occur for glass and glass ceramic waste forms. The improvements are significant for both combined waste stream options in terms of waste loading and/or decay time required before treatment. For Option 1, glass ceramics show an increase in waste loading of 15 mass % and reduction in decay time of 24 years. Decay times of {approx}50 years or longer are close to the expected age of the fuel that will be reprocessed when the modified open or closed fuel cycle is expected to be put into action. Option 2 shows a 2x to 2.5x increase in waste loading with decay times of only 45 years. Note that for Option 2 glass, the required decay time before treatment is only 35 years because of the waste loading limits related to the solubility of MoO{sub 3} in glass. If glass was evaluated for similar waste loadings as those achieved in Option 2 glass ceramics, the decay time would be significantly longer than 45 years. These glass ceramics are not optimized, but already they show the potential to dramatically reduce the amount of waste generated while still utilizing the proven processing technology used for glass production.

Crum, Jarrod V.; Turo, Laura A.; Riley, Brian J.; Tang, Ming; Kossoy, Anna; Sickafus, Kurt E.

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

310

High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Radiation Protection Dosimetry Article High-Rate Seafood Consumers near Sellafield: Comparison of Conventional Assessments of 137Cs Intakes with the Results of Whole-Body Monitoring......

G.J. Hunt; D.R.P. Leonard; F.A. Fry

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

137Cs Inter-Plant Concentration Ratios Provide a Predictive Tool for Coral Atolls with Distinct Benefits Over Transfer Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inter-plant concentration ratios (IPCR), [Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in coral atoll tree food-crops/Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in leaves of native plant species whose roots share a common soil volume], can replace transfer factors (TF) to predict {sup 137}Cs concentration in tree food-crops in a contaminated area with an aged source term. The IPCR strategy has significant benefits relative to TF strategy for such purposes in the atoll ecosystem. IPCR strategy applied to specific assessments takes advantage of the fact tree roots naturally integrate 137Cs over large volumes of soil. Root absorption of {sup 137}Cs replaces large-scale, expensive soil sampling schemes to reduce variability in {sup 137}Cs concentration due to inhomogeneous radionuclide distribution. IPCR [drinking-coconut meat (DCM)/Scaevola (SCA) and Tournefortia (TOU) leaves (native trees growing on all atoll islands)] are log normally distributed (LND) with geometric standard deviation (GSD) = 1.85. TF for DCM from Enewetak, Eneu, Rongelap and Bikini Atolls are LND with GSD's of 3.5, 3.0, 2.7, and 2.1, respectively. TF GSD for Rongelap copra coconut meat is 2.5. IPCR of Pandanus fruit to SCA and TOU leaves are LND with GSD = 1.7 while TF GSD is 2.1. Because IPCR variability is much lower than TF variability, relative sampling error of an IPCR field sample mean is up 6- to 10-fold lower than that of a TF sample mean if sample sizes are small (10 to 20). Other IPCR advantages are that plant leaf samples are collected and processed in far less time with much less effort and cost than soil samples.

Robison, W L; Hamilton, T F; Bogen, K; Corado, C L; Kehl, S R

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

312

137Cs(90Sr) and Pu isotopes in the Pacific Ocean sources & trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main source of artificial radioactivity in the world`s oceans can be attributed to worldwide fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons testing. Measurements of selected artificial radionuclides in the Pacific Ocean were first conducted in the 1960`s where it was observed that fallout radioactivity had penetrated the deep ocean. Extensive studies carried out during the 1973-74 GEOSECS provided the first comprehensive data on the lateral and vertical distributions of {sup 9O}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and Pu isotopes in the Pacific on a basin wide scale. Estimates of radionuclide inventories in excess of amounts predicted to be delivered by global fallout alone were attributed to close-in fallout and tropospheric inputs from early U.S. tests conducted on Bikini and Enewetak Atolls in the Equatorial Pacific. In general, levels of fallout radionuclides (including {sup 9O}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and Pu isotopes) in the surface waters of the Pacific Ocean have decreased considerably over the past 4 decades and are now much more homogeneously distributed. Resuspension and the subsequent deposition of fallout radionuclides from previously deposited debris on land has become an important source term for the surface ocean. This can be clearly seen in measurements of fallout radionuclides in mineral aerosols over the Korean Peninsula (Yellow dust events). Radionuclides may also be transported from land to sea in river runoff-these transport mechanisms are more important in the Pacific Ocean where large quantities of river water and suspended sands/fluvial sediments reach the coastal zone. Another unique source of artificial radionuclides in the Pacific Ocean is derived from the slow resolubilization and transport of radionuclides deposited in contaminated lagoon and slope sediments near U.S. and French test sites. Although there is a small but significant flux of artificial radionuclides depositing on the sea floor, > 80% of the total 239, {sup 240}Pu inventory and > 95% of the total {sup 137}Cs inventory remains in the water column. Studies conducted through the 1980`s appear to be consistent with earlier findings and indicate that radionuclide inventories in mid-northern latitudes are at least a factor of two above those expected from global fallout alone. The long term persistence of close-in and/or stratospheric fallout from nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands still appears to be the only plausible explanation for this anomaly.

Hamilton, T.F., Millies-Lacrox, J.C. [Service Mixte de Securite Radologique, Mondhery (France); Hong, G.H. [Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute, Ansan (Korea)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Nuclear energy policy in Belgium after Fukushima  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Belgian nuclear phase-out law imposes closing down in the 20152025 period seven nuclear power plants (NPPs) producing more than 50% of the domestic electricity. This creates an urgent problem in the country because of the absence of well-defined capacity-replacement plans. Though a safety-of-supply provision in the law allows for a delayed phase-out, hopes for a technically acceptable schedule have reduced after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011. In this article policy investigations are made with system dynamics. A significant finding from such modelling is that, in contrast to common expectations, a too early nuclear phase-out will not serve the deployment of renewable energy sources and rational use of energy. It is indeed found to primarily benefit to fossil fuel, creating unwanted drawbacks regarding safety of supply, dependency on foreign suppliers, price volatility, and increased use of non-renewable and CO2-emitting fossil fuels.

Pierre L. Kunsch; Jean Friesewinkel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Test of internal-conversion theory with measurements in Cs-134 and Ba-137  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ray areas 2717400(5300) 1712200(4400) 2633700(5100) 1904100(4600) 80Brm impurity K x rays (%) ?0.18(2) ?0.28(3) ?0.38(4) 122Sb impurity K x rays (%) ?0.066(2) ?0.292(8) ?0.056(2) 124Sb impurity K x rays (%) ?0.0088(4) ?0.0473(9) ?0.0074(3) 134Cs g...-Holland, Amsterdam 1958). [2] R. S. Hager and E. C. Seltzer, Nucl. Data, Sect. A 4, 1 (1968). [3] F. Ro?sel, H. M. Fries, K. Alder, and H. C. Pauli, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 21, 91 (1978). [4] I. M. Band and M. B. Trzhaskovskaya, Tables of Gamma Ray Internal...

Nica, N.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Rockwell, W. E.; Trzhaskovskaya, M. B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Parity nonconservation in Fr-like actinide and Cs-like rare-earth-metal ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Parity-nonconservation (PNC) amplitudes are calculated for the 7s-6d3/2 transitions of the francium isoelectronic sequence (Fr, Ra+, Ac2+, Th3+, Pa4+, U5+, and Np6+) and for the 6s-5d3/2 transitions of the cesium isoelectronic sequence (Cs, Ba+, La2+, Ce3+, and Pr4+). We show in particular that isotopes of La2+, Ac2+, and Th3+ ions have strong potential in the search for new physics beyond the standard model: The PNC amplitudes are large, the calculations are accurate, and the nuclei are practically stable. In addition, 232Th3+ ions have recently been trapped and cooled [Campbell et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 233004 (2009)]. We also extend previous works by calculating the s-s PNC transitions in Ra+ and Ba+ and provide calculations of several energy levels, and electric dipole and quadrupole transition amplitudes for the Fr-like actinide ions.

B. M. Roberts; V. A. Dzuba; V. V. Flambaum

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

1 000 000 "C/s thin film electrical heater: ln situ resistivity measurements of Al and Ti/Si thin films during ultra rapid thermal annealing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

introduce a new technique for rapidly heating (10' "C/s) thin films using an electrical thermal annealing- ently, most commercial RTA systems use radiation-heating techniques via tungsten-halogen lamps. These systems typi- cally have a maximum heating rate of 100-300 "C/s. We introduce an alternative methodfor

Allen, Leslie H.

317

Distribution of oceanic 137Cs from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant simulated numerically by a regional ocean model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactive materials were released to the environment from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant as a result of the reactor accident after the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami of 11 March 2011. The measured 137Cs concentration in a seawater sample near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant site reached 68kBqL?1 (6.8נ104BqL?1) on 6 April. The two major likely pathways from the accident site to the ocean existed: direct release of high radioactive liquid wastes to the ocean and the deposition of airborne radioactivity to the ocean surface. By analysis of the 131I/137Cs activity ratio, we determined that direct release from the site contributed more to the measured 137Cs concentration than atmospheric deposition did. We then used a regional ocean model to simulate the 137Cs concentrations resulting from the direct release to the ocean off Fukushima and found that from March 26 to the end of May the total amount of 137Cs directly released was 3.50.7PBq ((3.50.7)נ1015Bq). The simulated temporal change in 137Cs concentrations near the Fukushima Daini Nuclear Power Plant site agreed well with observations. Our simulation results showed that (1) the released 137Cs advected southward along the coast during the simulation period; (2) the eastward-flowing Kuroshio and its extension transported 137C during May 2011; and (3) 137Cs concentrations decreased to less than 10BqL?1 by the end of May 2011 in the whole simulation domain as a result of oceanic advection and diffusion. We compared the total amount and concentration of 137Cs released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi reactors to the ocean with the 137Cs released to the ocean by global fallout. Even though the measured 137Cs concentration from the Fukushima accident was the highest recorded, the total released amount of 137Cs was not very large. Therefore, the effect of 137Cs released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi reactors on concentration in the whole North Pacific was smaller than that of past release events such as global fallout, and the amount of 137Cs expected to reach other oceanic basins is negligible comparing with the past radioactive input.

Daisuke Tsumune; Takaki Tsubono; Michio Aoyama; Katsumi Hirose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Impacts of Radioactive 137Cs on Marine Bacterioplankton: Effects of the Fukushima Disaster on Hawaii's Kaneohe Bay Bacterial Communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to emit 10 PBq of radiation2 , the largest ever release of anthropogenic radionuclides into the ocean4 . The main pollutant, 137 Cs, has a half-life of 30 years and will first hit the US territories

Heller, Paul

319

Technical article Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security Article ID:CS29 Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical article Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security Article ID:CS29 Network, RFID, Embedded, Security, Privacy Abstract As embedded computer systems continue to explode and the design constraints posed by these systems that make security difficult. We summarize current research

Stankovic, John A.

320

THE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE, CS DIVISION Presents the Spring 2014 EECS Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A In the era of "Big data", when we design mining and retrieval models for large data (e.g., in the orderTHE DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE, CS DIVISION Presents the Spring 2014 large amount of data). Tradi onal mining and retrieval models tend to get more and more costly

Stanley, Kenneth O.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Computer Science Master's (M.Sc.) and Doctoral (Ph.D.) Programs www.cs.usask.ca/gradstudies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Science Master's (M.Sc.) and Doctoral (Ph.D.) Programs www.cs.usask.ca/gradstudies Computer Science Master's (M.Sc.) and Doctoral (Ph.D.) Programs Expertise in computing is needed everywhere. Digital information processing has permeated all

Saskatchewan, University of

322

Security enhancements for FPGA-based MPSoCs: a boot-to-runtime protection flow for an embedded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security enhancements for FPGA-based MPSoCs: a boot-to-runtime protection flow for an embedded solutions to securely boot a bitstream and the associated OS while runtime transactions are not protected. This work proposes a full boot-to-runtime protection flow of an embedded Linux kernel during boot

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

323

Brillouin light scattering anomalies and new phase transition in Cs5H3(SO4)4 crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by dielectric measurements [1,4], neutron scattering [5] and NMR spec- troscopy [6], and the vibration spectrum was investigated by IR, Raman, Brillouin and neutron scattering in a wide temperature range [7­10]. NeverthelessBrillouin light scattering anomalies and new phase transition in Cs5H3(SO4)4 crystals S

324

Advanced Electrodes for Solid Acid Fuel Cells by Platinum Deposition on CsH2PO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advanced Electrodes for Solid Acid Fuel Cells by Platinum Deposition on CsH2PO4 ... The unique characteristics of the CDP electrolyte pose several challenges to SAFC optimization, particularly in the area of cathode microstructure. ... 1% CO demonstrates the potential of this approach with optimized reforming catalysts and also the tolerance to CO poisoning at these elevated temps. ...

Alexander B. Papandrew; Calum R.I. Chisholm; Ramez A. Elgammal; Mustafa M. zer; Strahinja K. Zecevic

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

arXiv:1003.5447v2[cs.LO]14May2010 Relating Nominal and Higher-order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, nominal logic, higher-order abstract syn- tax This work has been supported by INRIA through the "Equipes]. Formalizing speci- fication based on higher-order abstract syntax requires a frame- work with devicesarXiv:1003.5447v2[cs.LO]14May2010 Relating Nominal and Higher-order Abstract Syntax Specifications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

326

Vacancy hardening in single-crystal TiNx,,001... layers C.-S. Shin, D. Gall,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacancy hardening in single-crystal TiNx,,001... layers C.-S. Shin, D. Gall,a) N. Hellgren, J; accepted 27 February 2003 We investigate the effect of N vacancies on the mechanical properties are entirely due to anion vacancies. Hardness values increase continuously, while the elastic modulus decreases

Gall, Daniel

327

Infinite Hidden Markov Models via the Hierarchical Dirichlet Process Matthew J. Beal # (presenting author) beal@cs.toronto.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infinite Hidden Markov Models via the Hierarchical Dirichlet Process Matthew J. Beal # (presenting author) beal@cs.toronto.edu Yee Whye Teh + ywteh@eecs.berkeley.edu Michael I. Jordan + jordan model (iHMM) of Beal et al. [2]. The iHMM is a hidden Markov model (HMM) in which the number of hidden

Beal, Matt J.

328

137Cs in irrigation water and its effect on paddy fields in Japan after the Fukushima nuclear accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is concern that radiocesium deposited in the environment after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) in March 2011 will migrate to paddy fields through hydrological pathways and cause serious and long-lasting damage to the agricultural activities. This study was conducted in the Towa region of Nihonmatsu in the northern part of Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, (1) to quantify 137Cs in stream water used to irrigate paddy fields by separating the dissolved and particulate components in water samples and then fractionating the particulate components bonded in different ways using a sequential extraction procedure, and (2) to determine the amounts of radiocesium newly added to paddy fields in irrigation water relative to the amounts of radiocesium already present in the fields from the deposition of atmospheric fallout immediately after the FDNPP accident. Three catchments were studied, and the 137Cs activity concentrations in stream water samples were 79198mBqL?1 under stable runoff conditions and 70213,400BqL?1 under storm runoff conditions. The residual fraction (F4, considered to be non-bioavailable) was dominant, accounting for 59.582.6% of the total 137Cs activity under stable runoff conditions and 69.495.1% under storm runoff conditions. The 137Cs newly added to paddy fields in irrigation water only contributed 0.030.05% of the amount already present in the soil (201348kBqm?2). This indicates that the 137Cs inflow load in irrigation water is negligible compared with that already in the soil. However, the contribution from the potentially bioavailable fractions (F1+F2+F3) was one order of magnitude larger, accounting for 0.200.59%. The increase in the dissolved and soluble radiocesium fraction (F1) was especially large (3.0% to infinity), suggesting that radiocesium migration in irrigation water is increasing the accumulation of radiocesium in rice.

Natsuki Yoshikawa; Hitomi Obara; Marie Ogasa; Susumu Miyazu; Naoki Harada; Masanori Nonaka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Small Column Ion Exchange Testing of Superlig 644 for Removal of 137Cs from Hanford Tank Waste Envelope C (Tank 241-AN-107)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current BNFL Inc. flowsheet for the pretreatment of the Hanford high-level tank wastes includes the use of Superlig{reg_sign} materials for removing {sup 137}Cs from the aqueous fraction of the waste. The Superlig materials applicable to cesium removal include the cesium-selective Superlig 632and Superlig 644. These materials have been developed and supplied by IBC Advanced Technologies, Inc., American Fork, Utah. This report describes the testing of the Superlig 644 ion exchange material in a small dual-column system. The bed volume of the lead column was 18.6 mL (L/D = 7), and the bed volume of the lag column was 15.9 mL (L/D = 6) during the loading phase. The sample processed was approximately 1.6 L of diluted waste ([Na{sup +}] = 4.84 M) from Tank 241-AN-107 (Envelope C). This sample had been previously treated for removal of Sr/transuranic (TRU) values and clarified in a single tube cross-flow filtration unit. All ion exchange process steps were tested, including resin-bed preparation, loading, feed displacement, water rinse, elution, eluant rinse, and resin regeneration. A summary of performance measures for both columns is shown in Table S1. The Cs {lambda} values represent a measure of the effective capacity of the SL-644 resin. The Cs {lambda} of 20 for the lead column is much lower than the estimated 150 obtained by the Savannah River Technology Center during Phase 1A testing. Equilibrium data obtained with batch contacts using the AN-107 Cs IX feed predicts a Cs {lambda} of 183. A Cs {lambda} for the lag column could not be determined due to insufficient breakthrough, but it appeared to work well and removed nearly all of the cesium not removed by the lead column. The low value for the lead column indicates that it did not perform as expected. This may have been due to air or gas in the bed that caused fluid channeling or blinding of the resin. The maximum decontamination factor (DF) for {sup 137}Cs listed in Table S1 is based on {sup 137}Cs concentration in the first samples collected from each column and the {sup 137}Cs concentration in the feed. The composite DF for {sup 137}Cs was 1,760, which provided an effluent with a {sup 137}Cs concentration of 8.7E-02 Ci/m{sup 3}. The {sup 137}Cs concentration is below the basis of design limit and is 7.2% of the contract limit for {sup 137}Cs.

DE Kurath; DL Blanchard; JR Bontha

2000-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

330

Spin-Lattice Relaxation of Tetravalent Pa231 in Cs2ZrCl6  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paramagnetic relaxation time was measured for Pa4+ in the cubic matrix Cs2(99% Zr, 1% Pa) Cl6 between 1.4 and 4.2K, using pulse-saturation techniques. This complex, with its known and comparable spin-orbit and crystal field interactions, was chosen to determine whether the approximations for the orbit-lattice interaction, which are apparently valid for rare-earth ions, would remain so for ions of the 5f transition group. The data fit T1-1=A?T+C?T9, where A?=3.460.34 sec-1 deg-1 and C?=5.110-51.510-5 sec-1 deg-9. The static crystal field parameters A40?r4?=888 cm-1 and A60?r6?=41.9 cm-1 are used to estimate the coupling parameters |a4m?r4?| and |a6m?r6?| to the fourth- and sixth-degree spherical harmonics in the orbit-lattice interaction. The coupling to the second-degree spherical harmonics is treated in terms of a a single parameter |a20?r2?|. The speed of longitudinal sound waves in a polycrystalline sample of pure Cs2ZrCl6 was measured and found to be 4.5105 cm/sec. Using this value for the effective phonon velocity, the theoretical relaxation rate is computed in terms of the single parameter |a20?r2?|. A comparison with the experimental direct-process coefficient A? indicates |a20?r2?|?17 000 cm-1, while comparison with the Raman coefficient C? yields |a20?r2?|?30 000 cm-1. A dynamic point-charge model, based upon a phonon-induced distrotion of the octahedron of Cl- ions surrounding the Pa4+ site, shows that |a20?r2?| should be approximately 23 000 cm-1 if it is to be consistent with the values of |a4m?r4?| and |a6m?r6?| obtained from the static crystal field parameters. This reasonable agreement supports the contention that estimating correct order-of-magnitude spin-lattice relaxation rates by Orbach's simple phenomenological approach is not restricted to the rare-earth series.

L. J. Raubenheimer; E. Boesman; H. J. Stapleton

1965-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dilatometric study of critical behavior in CsPbCl3: Bicritical point at 41 C  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-quality crystals of CsPbCl3 were grown by the Czochralski technique with automatic diameter control by the weighing method. A sample was prepared for high-resolution dilatometric measurements of the thermal expansion along a cubic [100] direction. The linear strain, ?L/L, was measured in the temperature interval 2855 C, and anomalies associated with three phase transitions were observed. Emphasis was put on the critical behavior in the close vicinity of the second-order II-III phase transition at 41 C. The temperature variation of the anomalous thermal expansivity follows a power law ??t?-0.18 in the ordered phase. This is in excellent agreement with the expected behavior of the spontaneous strain in cubic perovskites at an n=2 bicritical point. Also the [100]-stresstemperature phase diagram was measured for the II-III transition. The phase boundary line for compressional stress ? is well described by Tc(?)-Tc(0)??1/? with ?=1.175, consistent with the unstressed transition being an n=2 bicritical point. This is the first observation of such bicriticality in a structural system.

T. H. Johansen; J. Feder; T. Jo/ssang

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Triplet-singlet conversion in ultracold Cs{sub 2} and production of ground-state molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a process to convert ultracold metastable Cs{sub 2} molecules in their lowest triplet state into (singlet) ground-state molecules in their lowest vibrational levels. Molecules are first pumped into an excited triplet state, and the triplet-singlet conversion is facilitated by a two-step spontaneous decay through the coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +}-b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states. Using spectroscopic data and accurate quantum chemistry calculations for Cs{sub 2} potential curves and transition dipole moments, we show that this process competes favorably with the single-photon decay back to the lowest triplet state. In addition, we demonstrate that this conversion process represents a loss channel for vibrational cooling of metastable triplet molecules, preventing an efficient optical pumping cycle down to low vibrational levels.

Bouloufa, Nadia; Aymar, Mireille; Dulieu, Olivier [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay (France); Pichler, Marin [Physics Department, Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland 21204 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 1): Otis Air National Guard, (AOC CS-1 (USCG)), Falmouth, MA, September 29, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, lies within the boundaries of the towns of Falmouth, Mashpee, Sandwich, and Bourne. The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Transmitter Station, designed Area of Contamination (AOC) CS-1 (USCG) is located adjacent to the eastern boundary of the MMR. The NGB, acting as executive agent of the USCG, and USEPA, with concurrence of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have determined that No Action is necessary to address the contamination at AOC CS-1 (USCG). However, groundwater monitoring will be performed at well WW-7 for a period of five years to provide information over time on the levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) detected in this well, and on the sporadic detection of inorganics in groundwater at this AOC.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy resolution and energy-light response of CsI(TI) scintillators for charged particle detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article describes the crystal selection and quality control utilized to develop and calibrate a high resolution array of CsI(TI) scintillator crystals for the detection of energetic charged particles. Alpha sources are used to test the light output variation due to thallium doping gradients. Selection of crystals with better than 1% non-uniformity in light output is accomplished using this method. Tests with 240 MeV alpha beam reveal that local light output variations within each of the tested CsI(TI) crystals limit the resolution to about 0.5%. Charge and mass dependences in the energy - light output relationship are determined by calibrating with energetic projectile fragmentation beams.

A. Wagner; W. P. Tan; K. Chalut; R. J. Charity; B. Davin; Y. Larochelle; M. D. Lennek; T. X. Liu; W. G. Lynch; A. M. Ramos; R. Shomin; L. G. Sobotka; R. T. de Souza; M. B. Tsang; G. Verde; H. S. Xu

2000-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

ASSESSMENT OF 90SR AND 137CS PENETRATION INTO REINFORCED CONCRETE (EXTENT OF 'DEEPENING') UNDER NATURAL ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When assessing the feasibility of remediation following the detonation of a radiological dispersion device or improvised nuclear device in a large city, several issues should be considered including the levels and characteristics of the radioactive contamination, the availability of resources required for decontamination, and the planned future use of the city's structures and buildings. Currently, little is known about radionuclide penetration into construction materials in an urban environment. Knowledge in this area would be useful when considering costs of a thorough decontamination of buildings, artificial structures, and roads in an affected urban environment. Pripyat, a city substantially contaminated by the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in April 1986, may provide some answers. The main objective of this study was to assess the depth of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs penetration into reinforced concrete structures in a highly contaminated urban environment under natural weather conditions. Thirteen reinforced concrete core samples were obtained from external surfaces of a contaminated building in Pripyat. The concrete cores were drilled to obtain sample layers of 0-5, 5-10, 10-15, 15-20, 20-30, 30-40, and 40-50 mm. Both {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs were detected in the entire 0-50 mm profile of the reinforced cores sampled. In most of the cores, over 90% of the total {sup 137}Cs inventory and 70% of the total {sup 90}Sr inventory was found in the first 0-5 mm layer of the reinforced concrete. {sup 90}Sr had penetrated markedly deeper into the reinforced concrete structures than {sup 137}Cs.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Near-UV Observations of CS29497-030: New Constraints on Neutron-Capture Nucleosynthesis Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employing spectra obtained with the new Keck I HIRES near-UV sensitive detector, we have performed a comprehensive chemical composition analysis of the binary blue metal-poor star CS29497-030. Abundances for 29 elements and upper limits for an additional seven have been derived, concentrating on elements largely produced via neutron-capture nucleosynthesis. Included in our analysis are the two elements that define the termination point of the slow neutron-capture process, lead and bismuth. We determine an extremely high value of [Pb/Fe] = +3.65 +/- 0.07 (sigma = 0.13) from three features, supporting the single-feature result obtained in previous studies. We also detect Bi for the first time in a metal-poor star. Our derived Bi/Pb ratio is in accord with those predicted from the most recent FRANEC calculations of the slow neutron-capture process in low-mass AGB stars. We find that the neutron-capture elemental abundances of CS29497-030 are best explained by an AGB model that also includes very significant amounts of pre-enrichment of rapid neutron-capture process material in the protostellar cloud out of which the CS29497-030 binary system formed. Thus, CS29497-030 is both an ``r+s'' and ``extrinsic AGB'' star. Furthermore, we find that the mass of the AGB model can be further constrained by the abundance of the light odd-element [Na/Fe] which is sensitive to the neutron excess.

Inese I. Ivans; Christopher Sneden; Roberto Gallino; John J. Cowan; George W. Preston

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

337

arXiv:1002.4996v1[cs.DM]26Feb2010 Triangular Self-Assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1002.4996v1[cs.DM]26Feb2010 Triangular Self-Assembly Lila Kari Shinnosuke Seki Zhi Xu 5B7 {lila, sseki, zhi_xu}@csd.uwo.ca February 27, 2010 Abstract We discuss the self-assembly system in their laboratory by the method of self-assembly. One systematic study on this topic is the self-assembly of squares

Kari, Lila

338

Comparison of {sup 241}Am, {sup 239,240}Pu, and {sup 137}Cs concentrations in soil around Rocky Flats  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gamma spectroscopy measurements were used to estimate concentrations of {sup 241}Am and {sup 137}Cs in soil profiles to depths of 21 cm at on-site and off-site locations around the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site and at regional background locations east of the Front Range between Colorado`s borders with New Mexico and Wyoming. Concentrations of these radionuclides were compared with concentrations of {sup 239,240}Pu in the same samples. Concentrations of {sup 241}Am in soil from depths of 0 to 3 cm decreased in an easterly direction from more than 5.3 kBq kg{sup {minus}1} 5 to 7 km away at a rate that was nearly proportional to the inverse square of distance. Deposits of {sup 137}Cs were ubiquitous, averaging 0.12 kBq kg{sup {minus}1} in soil from depths of 0 to 3 cm, but were unevenly distributed around Rocky Flats and the regional background locations. Deviations from the uniform exponential rate at which soil concentrations of {sup 137}Cs typically decreased with depth, {minus}0.25 cm{sup {minus}1} at undisturbed sites, enabled the authors to determine that about 10% of their sampling sites had been disturbed by erosion, tillage, or other factors. The mean rate at which {sup 239,240}Pu decreased with depth was about the same, {minus}0.23 cm{sup {minus}1}, throughout the study area. Soil concentrations of {sup 241}Am decreased with depth at a similar mean rate of {minus}0.22 cm{sup {minus}1} at locations close to the 903 pad where measurements were robust. Ratios between {sup 241}Am or {sup 239,240}Pu and {sup 137}Cs proved more useful for delineating the extent and pattern of contamination from Rocky Flats than did activity concentrations in soil.

Hulse, S.E.; Ibrahim, S.A.; Whicker, F.W.; Chapman, P.L. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

A novel catalyst coated membrane embedded with Cs-substituted phosphotungstates for proton exchange membrane water electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Catalyst coated membrane (CCM) is the core component of proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolysis and the main place for electrochemical reaction and mass transfer. Its properties directly affect the performance of PEM water electrolysis. Aiming at decreasing the polarization loss and the ohmic loss, a novel CCM embedded with Cs1.5HPA in the skeleton of the Nafion ionomer and the Nafion membrane was prepared and possessed functionality of improved protonic conductivity. Meanwhile, the Cs1.5HPA-Nafion ionomer content in the catalyst layers was further optimized. The SEM, EDS and pore volume distribution measurement showed that the Cs1.5HPA embedded in the CCM without agglomeration and the micropore and mesopore were well distributed in the catalyst layer. Furthermore, \\{CCMs\\} were tested in a PEM water electrolyser at 80C, beneficial effects on both the Tafel slope and the iR loss were obtained due to the improved protonic conductivity as well as the appropriate pore structure and increased specific pore volume. The performance of the electrolyser cell was obviously improved with the novel CCM. The highest cell performance of 1.59V at 2Acm?2 was achieved at 80C. At 35C and 300mAcm?2, the cell showed good durability within the test period of up to 570h.

Gaoyang Liu; Junyuan Xu; Yituo Wang; Juming Jiang; Xindong Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Effect of Potassium on Uptake of 137Cs in Food Crops Grown on Coral Soils: Annual Crops at Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1954 a radioactive plume from the thermonuclear device code named BRAVO contaminated the principal residential islands, Eneu and Bikini, of Bikini Atoll (11{sup o} 36 minutes N; 165{sup o} 22 minutes E), now part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The resulting soil radioactivity diminished greatly over the three decades before the studies discussed below began. By that time the shorter-lived isotopes had all but disappeared, but strontium-90 ({sup 90}Sr), and cesium-137, ({sup 137}Cs) were reduced by only one half-life. Minute amounts of the long-lived isotopes, plutonium-239+240 ({sup 239+240}Pu) and americium-241 ({sup 241}Am), were present in soil, but were found to be inconsequential in the food chain of humans and land animals. Rather, extensive studies demonstrated that the major concern for human health was {sup 137}Cs in the terrestrial food chain (Robison et al., 1983; Robison et al., 1997). The following papers document results from several studies between 1986 and 1997 aimed at minimizing the {sup 137}Cs content of annual food crops. The existing literature on radiocesium in soils and plant uptake is largely a consequence of two events: the worldwide fallout of 1952-58, and the fallout from Chernobyl. The resulting studies have, for the most part, dealt either with soils containing some amount of silicate clays and often with appreciable K, or with the short-term development of plants in nutrient cultures.

Stone, E R; Robinson, W

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Independent cross sections of Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr isotopes produced in Ta and U targets bombarded by C12 ions up to 77 MeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotopic distribution measurements for Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr in the reactions Ta181(C12,X)Na,K,Rb,Cs and U238(C12,X)Na,K,Rb,Cs,Fr at different energies E=13,27,and77 MeV/nucleon are reported. The independently observed yields of Rb and Cs show an important contribution for neutron-deficient nuclei. The U target shows very broad isotopic distributions which may be understood as a sum of two components. The results are compared to those obtained by nuclear reactions induced by protons over a wide energy range.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ta181(C12,X)Na,K,Rb,Cs; U238(C12,X)Na,K,Rb,Cs,Fr; E=13,27,77 MeV/nucleon; measured Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr isotopic distributions, heavy ion induced fission, spallation, on-line mass spectrometry.

M. de Saint Simon; S. Haan; G. Audi; A. Coc; M. Epherre; P. Guimbal; A. C. Mueller; C. Thibault; F. Touchard; M. Langevin

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

High energy second-harmonic generation of Nd:glass laser radiation with large aperture CsLiB6O10 crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the generation of a high-energy green laser pulse using large aperture CsLiB6O10 (CLBO) crystals for the first time to our knowledge. A pulsed energy of 25 J at...

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Inoue, Norihiro; Yamakawa, Koichi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Current Concentration of Artificial Radionuclides and Estimated Radiation Doses from 137Cs around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site, and in Nagasaki  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......137Cs around the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site, and in Nagasaki...the Chernobyl accident and nuclear tests at SNTS were simultaneously...from sev- eral statistical datasets, as there were no detailed......

Yasuyuki Taira; Naomi Hayashida; Gopalganapathi M. Brahmanandhan; Yuji Nagayama; Shunichi Yamashita; Jumpei Takahashi; Alexander Gutevitc; Alexander Kazlovsky; Marat Urazalin; Noboru Takamura

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Superprotonic Phase Transition in CsH(PO3H) Calum R. I. Chisholm, Ryan B. Merle, Dane A. Boysen, and Sossina M. Haile*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and like typical salts of phosphorous acid, it contains the tetrahedral group PO3H.12 The overall chemical) was synthesized from aqueous solutions of cesium carbonate and phosphorous acid in which the Cs:PO3H mole ratio

345

Distribution and Ratios of 137Cs and K in Control and K-treated Coconut Trees at Bikini Island where Nuclear Test Fallout Occurred: Effects and Implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coconut trees growing on atolls of the Bikini Islands are on the margin of K deficiency because the concentration of exchangeable K in coral soil is very low ranging from only 20 to 80 mg kg{sup -1}. When provided with additional K, coconut trees absorb large quantities of K and this uptake of K significantly alters the patterns of distribution of {sup 137}Cs within the plant. Following a single K fertilization event, mean total K in trunks of K-treated trees is 5.6 times greater than in trunks of control trees. In contrast, {sup 137}Cs concentration in trunks of K-treated and control trees is statistically the same while {sup 137}Cs is significantly lower in edible fruits of K treated trees. Within one year after fertilization (one rainy season), K concentration in soil is back to naturally, low concentrations, however, the tissue concentrations of K in treated trees stays very high internally in the trees for years while {sup 137}Cs concentration in treated trees remains very low in all tree compartments except for the trunk. Potassium fertilization did not change soil Cs availability. Mass balance calculations suggest that the fertilization event increased above ground plant K content by at least a factor of 5 or 2.2 kg. Potassium concentrations and content were higher in all organs of K fertilized trees with the greatest increases seen in organs that receive a portion of tissue K through xylem transport (trunk, fronds and fruit husks) and lowest in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). {sup 137}Cesium concentrations and contents were dramatically lower in all organs of K treated trees with greatest proportional reductions observed in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). All trees remobilize both K and {sup 137}Cs from fronds as they proceed toward senescence. In control trees the reduction in concentration of K and {sup 137}Cs in fronds as they age is logarithmic but K remobilization is linear in K-treated trees where K concentration is high. As a result of K treatment the {sup 137}Cs concentration in K-treated fronds is extremely low and constant with frond age. Fronds of K treated trees contain a greater amount of K than control tree fronds. As they fall to the ground and decay they provide a small continuing pool of K that is about 3% of the natural K in soil under the tree canopy. Results of K and {sup 137}Cs concentration and distribution in control and K-treated coconut trees suggest that the application of K reduces {sup 137}Cs uptake both in the short term immediately following K fertilization and in the long term, after soil K levels have returned to normal but while plant K stores remain high. These results suggests that high internal K concentration and not high soil K is primarily responsible for long-term reduction of {sup 137}Cs in edible fruits, and plays a significant role in limiting further uptake of {sup 137}Cs by roots, and affects allocation of {sup 137}Cs to edible fruits for years. Coconut trees are capable of luxury K accumulation when provided with excess K and in this example the additional K can effectively provide the K requirements of the plant for in excess of 10 years. The reduction of {sup 137}Cs uptake lasts for at least 10 y after K is last applied and greatly reduces the estimated radiation dose to people consuming local tree foods. Effectiveness and duration of K treatment provides important assurances that reduction in {sup 137}Cs is long term and the radiation dose from consuming local plant foods will remain low.

Robison, W L; Brown, P H; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Kehl, S R

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

346

{sup 137}Cs exposure in the Marshallese populations: An assessment based on whole-body counting measurements (1989-1994)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Marshall Islands were the site of numerous tests of nuclear weapons by the United States. From 1946 to 1958, nuclear devices were detonated at Enemetak and Bikini Atolls. Following the inadvertent contamination of the northern islands downwind of the 1954 Bravo Test, Brookhaven National Laboratory became involved in the medical care and the radiological safety of the affected populations. One important technique employed in assessing the internally deposited radionuclides is whole-body counting. To estimate current and future exposures to 1376, data from 1989 to 1994 were analyzed and are reported in this paper. During this period, 3,618 measurements were made for the Marshallese. The cesium body contents were assumed to result from a series of chronic intakes. Also, it was assumed that cesium activity in the body reaches a plateau that is maintained over 365 d. We estimated the annual effective dose rate for each population, derived from the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. The average {sup 137}Cs uptake measured by the whole-body counting method varies from one population to another; it was consistent with measurements of external exposure rate. The analysis. though based on limited data, indicates that there is no statistical support for a seasonal effect on {sup 137}Cs uptake. The critical population group for cesium uptake is adult males. Within the 5-y monitoring period, all internal exposures to {sup 137}Cs mere less than 0.2 mSv y{sup -1}. Similarly, a persistent average cesium effective dose rate of 2 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} was determined for Majuro residents. 73 refs., 6 figs., 10 tabs.

Sun, L.C.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

CHANGES IN 137 CS CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL AND VEGETATION ON THE FLOODPLAIN OF THE SAVANNAH RIVER OVER A 30 YEAR PERIOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{sup 137}Cs released during 1954-1974 from nuclear production reactors on the Savannah River Site, a US Department of Energy nuclear materials production site in South Carolina, contaminated a portion of the Savannah River floodplain known as Creek Plantation. {sup 137}Cs activity concentrations have been measured in Creek Plantation since 1974 making it possible to calculate effective half-lives for {sup 137}Cs in soil and vegetation and assess the spatial distribution of contaminants on the floodplain. Activity concentrations in soil and vegetation were higher near the center of the floodplain than near the edges as a result of frequent inundation coupled with the presence of low areas that trapped contaminated sediments. {sup 137}Cs activity was highest near the soil surface, but depth related differences diminished with time as a likely result of downward diffusion or leaching. Activity concentrations in vegetation were significantly related to concentrations in soil. The plant to soil concentration ratio (dry weight) averaged 0.49 and exhibited a slight but significant tendency to decrease with time. The effective half-lives for {sup 137}Cs in shallow (0-7.6 cm) soil and in vegetation were 14.9 (95% CI = 12.5-17.3) years and 11.6 (95% CI = 9.1-14.1) years, respectively, and rates of {sup 137}Cs removal from shallow soil and vegetation did not differ significantly among sampling locations. Potential health risks on the Creek Plantation floodplain have declined more rapidly than expected on the basis of radioactive decay alone because of the relatively short effective half-life of {sup 137}Cs.

Paller, M.; Jannik, T.; Fledderman, P.

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Coffeeness of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industry in Latin America. These studies include Coffee, Society, and Power in Latin America, edited by William Roseberry et al., and Coffee and Power: Revolution and the Rise of Democracy in Central America by Jeffery M. Paige. These two seminal works..., the following works are helpful. Jeffery Paige traces the 27 may have been able to obtain land rights, but they were still dependent on the elite for processing and export of their coffee. The effects of the development of coffee as an export...

Rausch, Lisa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Time-resolved infrared spectral photography studies of shock-induced chemistry in CS/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments using time-resolved infrared spectral photography (TRISP) in the 6 to 8.5 ..mu..m range to study explosively driven shocks in liquid CS/sub 2/ are described. In this range, the temporal resolution of the TRISP system is <1 ns. We have shown that single-shot infrared absorption studies in shocked liquids are feasible with this technique; however, well-controlled planar shocks appear to be necessary for clear interpretation of dynamic spectral changes. 13 refs., 4 figs.

Renlund, A.M.; Sheffield, S.A.; Trott, W.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Modeling of a CO chemical laser produced by supersonically mixing CS/S with O/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer model of a CO chemical laser produced by supersonic mixing of CS/S with O/sub 2/ is presented. The model has been shown to accurately predict measured gain coefficients of P/sub 7/(14) and P/sub 5/(18) lines, hence it was utilized for further parametric studies leading to a better understanding of the processes involved in laser operation. The model predicts high gain and high specific available energy in v = 1..-->..0 to v = 20..-->..19 transitions. A maximum gain was obtained for each of the parameters investigated. For certain operational conditions, complete population inversion was observed.

Tilleman, M.M.; Stricker, J.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Ground State of (CS)4 Is Different from that of (CO)4: An Experimental Test of a Computational Prediction by Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyclobutane-1,2,3,4-tetrathione, (CS)4, has recently been calculated to have a singlet ground state, 1A1g, in which the highest b2g ? MO is doubly occupied and the lowest a2u ? MO is empty. Thus, (CS)4 is predicted to have a different ground state than its lighter congener, (CO)4, which has a triplet ground state, 3B1u, in which these two MOs are each singly occupied. Here we report the results of a negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES) study of the radical anion (CS)4?-, designed to test the prediction that (CS)4 has a singlet ground state. The NIPE spectrum reveals that (CS)4 does, indeed, have a singlet ground state with electron affinity (EA) = 3.75 eV. The lowest triplet state is found to lie 0.31 eV higher in energy than the ground state, and the open-shell singlet is 0.14 eV higher in energy than the triplet state. Calculations at the (U)CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ//(U)B3LYP/6-311+G(2df) level support the spectral assignments, giving EA = 3.71 eV, EST = 0.44 eV. These calculated values are, respectively, 0.04 eV (0.9 kcal/mol) smaller, and 0.13 eV (3.0 kcal/mol) larger than the corresponding experimental values. In addition, RASPT2 calculations with various active spaces converge on a 1B1u-3B1u energy gap of 0.137 eV, in excellent agreement with the 0.14 eV energy difference obtained from the NIPE spectrum. Finally, calculations of the Franck-Condon factors for transitions from the ground state of (CS)4?- to the ground (1A1g) and two excited states (3B1u, 1B1u) of (CS)4 account for all of the major spectral peaks, and nicely reproduce vibrational structure observed in each electronic transition. The close correspondence between the calculated and the observed features in the NIPE spectrum of (CS)4?- provides unequivocal proof that (CS)4, unlike (CO)4, has a singlet ground state.

Zhang, Jian; Hrovat, David; Sun, Zhenrong; Bao, Xiaoguang; Borden, Weston; Wang, Xue B.

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

352

Clarification of C-S relationships of marine black shales using stable isotopic composition of reduced sulfur  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon-sulfur relationships are compared for the Miocene Monterey Formation (Santa Maria Basin, California) and the Upper Devonian New Albany Shale (Illinois Basin, Indiana). In both formations, C-S concentrations covary for samples with the lower to more intermediate organic carbon concentrations and become invariant at higher organic carbon concentrations. While the similarity of these relationships in Monterey and New Albany suggest sulfur diagenesis occurred in similar depositional environments, sulfur isotopic data clearly indicate differences in the depositional environments. In the Monterey, the most organic-rich laminated shales are characterized by isotopic enrichment of reduced S and low S ratios and indicate that sulfate reduction occurred under sulfate-limited conditions within the sediments. In the New Albany, organic-rich laminated shales exhibit isotopic depletion of reduced S coupled with low S[sub reduced]/C[sub org] and suggest sulfur diagenesis occurred under euxinic conditions. These data show that in the absence of sulfur isotopic data, misleading conclusions concerning depositional environments can be made when using C-S plots and the traditional interpretations that are associated with these types of plots.

Zaback, D.A.; Pratt, L.M. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

RESORCINOL-FORMALDEHYDE ADSORPTION OF CESIUM (Cs+) FROM HANFORD WASTE SOLUTIONS-PART I: BATCH EQUILIBRIUM STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Batch equilibrium measurements were conducted with a granular Resorcinol-Formaldehyde (RF) resin to determine the distribution coefficients (Kds) for cesium. In the tests, Hanford Site actual waste sample containing radioactive cesium and a pretreated waste sample that was spiked with non-radioactive cesium were used. Initial concentrations of non-radioactive cesium in the waste sample were varied to generate an equilibrium isotherm for cesium. Two additional tests were conducted using a liquid to solid phase ratio of 10 and a contact time of 120 hours. The measured distribution coefficient (Kd) for radioactive cesium (137Cs) was 948 mL/g; the Kd for non-radioactive cesium (133Cs) was 1039 mL/g. The Kd for non-radioactive cesium decreased from 1039 to 691 mL/g as the initial cesium concentration increased. Very little change of the Kd was observed at initial cesium concentrations above 64 mg/mL. The maximum sorption capacity for cesium on granular RF resin was 1.17 mmole/g dry resin. T his value was calculated from the fit of the equilibrium isotherm data to the Dubinin-Radushkevich equation. Previously, a total capacity of 2.84 mmole/g was calculated by Bibler and Wallace for air-dried RF resin.

HASSAN, NEGUIBM

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

354

Coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering detection with a CsI[Na] scintillator at the SNS spallation source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possibility of using CsI[Na] scintillators as an advantageous target for the detection of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), using the neutrino emissions from the SNS spallation source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The response of this material to low-energy nuclear recoils like those expected from this process is characterized. Backgrounds are studied using a 2 kg low-background prototype crystal in a dedicated radiation shield. The conclusion is that a planned 14 kg detector should measure approximately 550 CENNS events per year above a demonstrated $\\sim7$ keVnr low-energy threshold, with a signal-to-background ratio sufficient for a first measurement of the CENNS cross-section. The cross-section for the $^{208}$Pb($\

J. I. Collar; N. E. Fields; E. Fuller; M. Hai; T. W. Hossbach; J. L. Orrell; G. Perumpilly; B. Scholz

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

355

Characterization and Properties of Novel Infrared Nonlinear Optical Crystal CsGe(BrxCl1?x)3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several useful crystals, such as KH2PO4 (KDP), LiNbO3, KTiOPO4 (KTP), ?-BaB2O4 (BBO), and LiB3O5 (LBO),(1) have been discovered and successfully utilized for converting laser frequencies into visible and ultraviolet radiation, but they are not transparent in the mid-infrared region. ... After the precipitate was removed, CsBr (99.9%) was added, and the temperature was raised to the boiling point; the mixture was then naturally cooled to room temperature. ... Peak-splitting caused by the structural noncentrosymmetry, occurs mainly from 2? = 15 to 35. Figure 4 plots results that reveal that the substitution-related diffraction peaks shifted gradually with value of x. ...

Zhi-Guang Lin; Li-Chuan Tang; Chang-Pin Chou

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

356

Radiochemical procedures for analysis of Pu, Am, Cs and Sr in water, soil, sediments and biota samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Radioactivity Analysis Laboratory (ERAL) was established as an analytical facility. The primary function of ERAL is to provide fast and accurate radiological data of environmental samples. Over the years, many radiochemical procedures have been developed by the staffs of ERAL. As result, we have found that our procedures exist in many different formats and in many different notebooks, documents and files. Therefore, in order to provide for more complete and orderly documentation of the radiochemical procedures that are being used by ERAL, we have decided to standardize the format and compile them into a series of reports. This first report covers procedures we have developed and are using for the radiochemical analysis of Pu, Am, Cs, and Sr in various matrices. Additional analytical procedures and/or revisions for other elements will be reported as they become available through continuation of these compilation efforts.

Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Noshkin, V.E.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Model simulations on the long-term dispersal of 137Cs released into the Pacific Ocean off Fukushima  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sequence of global ocean circulation models, with horizontal mesh sizes of 0.5, 0.25and 0.1, are used to estimate the long-term dispersion by ocean currents and mesoscale eddies of a slowly decaying tracer (half-life of 30years, comparable to that of 137Cs) from the local waters off the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plants. The tracer was continuously injected into the coastal waters over some weeks; its subsequent spreading and dilution in the Pacific Ocean was then simulated for 10years. The simulations do not include any data assimilation, and thus, do not account for the actual state of the local ocean currents during the release of highly contaminated water from the damaged plants in MarchApril 2011. An ensemble differing in initial current distributions illustrates their importance for the tracer patterns evolving during the first months, but suggests a minor relevance for the large-scale tracer distributions after 23years. By then the tracer cloud has penetrated to depths of more than 400m, spanning the western and central North Pacific between 25N and 55N, leading to a rapid dilution of concentrations. The rate of dilution declines in the following years, while the main tracer patch propagates eastward across the Pacific Ocean, reaching the coastal waters of North America after about 56years. Tentatively assuming a value of 10PBq for the net 137Cs input during the first weeks after the Fukushima incident, the simulation suggests a rapid dilution of peak radioactivity values to about 10Bqm?3 during the first two years, followed by a gradual decline to 12Bqm?3 over the next 47 years. The total peak radioactivity levels would then still be about twice the pre-Fukushima values.

Erik Behrens; Franziska U Schwarzkopf; Joke F Lbbecke; Claus W Bning

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

arXiv:1204.1240v1[cs.IT]5Apr2012 1 Optimal Save-Then-Transmit Protocol for Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1204.1240v1[cs.IT]5Apr2012 1 Optimal Save-Then-Transmit Protocol for Energy Harvesting a fraction of time (dubbed the save-ratio) is devoted exclusively to energy harvesting, with the remaining to validate our proposed study. Index Terms Energy harvesting, save-then-transmit protocol, outage

Lim, Teng Joon

359

METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS 90SR AND 137CS IN-VIVO MEASUREMENTS OF SMALL ANIMALS AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL MEDIA DEVELOPED FOR THE CONDITIONS OF THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To perform in vivo simultaneous measurements of the {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs content in the bodies of animals living in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ), an appropriate method and equipment were developed and installed in a mobile gamma beta spectrometry laboratory. This technique was designed for animals of relatively small sizes (up to 50 g). The {sup 90}Sr content is measured by a beta spectrometer with a 0.1 mm thick scintillation plastic detector. The spectrum processing takes into account the fact that the measured object is 'thick-layered' and contains a comparable quantity of {sup 137}Cs, which is a characteristic condition of the ChEZ. The {sup 137}Cs content is measured by a NaI scintillation detector that is part of the combined gamma beta spectrometry system. For environmental research performed in the ChEZ, the advantages of this method and equipment (rapid measurements, capability to measure live animals directly in their habitat, and the capability of simultaneous {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs measurements) far outweigh the existing limitations (considerations must be made for background radiation and the animal size, skeletal shape and body mass). The accuracy of these in vivo measurements is shown to be consistent with standard spectrometric and radiochemical methods. Apart from the in vivo measurements, the proposed methodology, after a very simple upgrade that is also described in the article, works even more accurately with samples of other media, such as soil and plants.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The isotypic hydrogen phosphate and arsenate dihydrates M2HXO4?2H2O (M = Rb, Cs; X = P, As)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The four isotypic arsenate(V) and phosphate(V) dihydrates M2HXO4?2H2O (M = Rb, Cs; X = P, As) crystallize in the space group P21/c. A hypothetical proton-disordered C2/c structure is discussed.

St?ger, B.

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

CS 4700 Programming Languages Review Sheet For specific examples of how the material may be tested, see the homework and first two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 4700 Programming Languages Review Sheet For specific examples of how the material may be tested the grammar 4.5 Elimination of left recursion, left factoring 4.5 syntax diagram 5 Basic Semantics 5 and Variation on WHILE 7.4 The GOTO Controversy 7.5 Exception Handling 7.6 Binding times: language definition

Allan, Vicki H.

362

Matlab's Loss is Nobody's Gain Created Aug. 1998, revised July 31, 2004 http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~wkahan/MxMulEps.pdf Page 1/36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matlab's Loss is Nobody's Gain Created Aug. 1998, revised July 31, 2004 http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~wkahan/MxMulEps.pdf Page 1/36 Matlab's Loss is Nobody's Gain Prof. W. Kahan Mathematics Dept. & Elect. Eng. & Computer Sci. Dept. University of California Berkeley CA 94720-1776 Abstract: Matlab has become the software package

California at Berkeley, University of

363

arXiv:1004.0395v2[cs.NI]6Apr2010 Estimating Self-Sustainability in Peer-to-Peer Swarming Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1004.0395v2[cs.NI]6Apr2010 Estimating Self-Sustainability in Peer-to-Peer Swarming Systems propose a new metric, namely swarm self-sustainability. A swarm is referred to as self-sustaining if all its blocks are collectively held by peers; the self-sustainability of a swarm is the fraction of time

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

364

1144 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2007 Wafer-Level Modular Testing of Core-Based SoCs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1174. An earlier version of this paper was published in the Proceedings of the IEEE International TestCs. To reduce packaging cost and the test cost for pack- aged chips, wafer-level testing (wafer sort) is used]­[10]; these methods are mostly aimed at reducing the test time for package test, where all the scan-based patterns

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

365

CS 570: Advanced Computer Architecture To learn the science and art of selecting and interconnecting hardware components to create a computer that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 570: Advanced Computer Architecture Objectives To learn the science and art of selecting. Course Materials Text John L. Hennessy, David A. Patterson. Computer Architecture: A Quantitative-13-185644-8. Online Resources Computer Architecture Web site. Syllabus Introduction Computer platforms and models

Heller, Barbara

366

CS120 Fall 2014 --Logisim and Arduino In this lab, we'll use Logisim to build a few circuits. Build each of these yourself, and then  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS120 Fall 2014 -- Logisim and Arduino In this lab, we'll use Logisim to build a few circuits to abstract their operation, and think at a higher level. #12;Part 2 of the Lab: Arduino time! Plug in the Arduino to a lab machine using a USB cable, and open the Arduino development environment. If you've got

Madden, Patrick H.

367

CS 551: Operating Systems Design and Implementation This course introduces the students to the fundamental principles of operating systems design, and gives them  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS 551: Operating Systems Design and Implementation Objectives This course introduces the students to the fundamental principles of operating systems design, and gives them hands-on experience with operating systems installation, design and implementation. The students apply what they learned about operating systems design

Heller, Barbara

368

HCIL Technical Report No. 99-03 (June 1999); http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil Visualizing Digital Library Search Results with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HCIL Technical Report No. 99-03 (June 1999); http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil Visualizing Digital Library variables (for example, language or name of journal). The labels on such axes are cues to searchers and may (MeSH), the Universal Medical Language System (UMLS) (Pratt, 1997), and the ACM's Computing Reviews

Golbeck, Jennifer

369

NMR relaxation study of the phase transitions and relaxation mechanisms of the alums MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) single crystals have been investigated. The phase transition temperatures, NMR spectra, and the spin-lattice relaxation times T{sub 1} of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei in the two crystals were determined using DSC and FT NMR spectroscopy. The resonance lines and relaxation times of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei undergo significant changes at the phase transition temperatures. The sudden changes in the splitting of the Rb and Cs resonance lines are attributed to changes in the local symmetry of their sites, and the changes in the temperature dependences of T{sub 1} are related to variations in the symmetry of the octahedra of water molecules surrounding Rb{sup +} and Cs{sup +}. We also compared these {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs NMR results with those obtained for the trivalent cations Cr and Al in MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O and MAl(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O crystals. - Graphical Abstract: The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb, Cs, and NH{sub 4}) single crystals have been investigated. Highlights: > The physical properties and phase transition mechanisms of MCr(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}.12H{sub 2}O (M=Rb and Cs) crystals {yields} The NMR spectra and the spin-lattice relaxation times T{sub 1} of the {sup 87}Rb and {sup 133}Cs nuclei in the two crystals {yields} The variations in the symmetry of the octahedra of water molecules surrounding Rb{sup +} and Cs{sup +}.

Lim, Ae Ran, E-mail: aeranlim@hanmail.net [Department of Science Education, Jeonju University, Jeonju 560-759 (Korea, Republic of); Paik, Younkee [Solid State Analysis Team, Korea Basic Science Institute, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Kye-Young [Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University, Siheung 429-793 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Utilization of Cs{sup 137} to generate a radiation barrier for weapons grade plutonium immobilized in borosilicate glass canisters. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the ways recommended by a recent National Academy of Sciences study to dispose of excess weapons-grade plutonium is to encapsulate the plutonium in a glass in combination with high-level radioactive wastes (HLW) to generate an intense radiation dose rate field. The objective is to render the plutonium as difficult to access as the plutonium contained in existing US commercial spent light-water reactor (LWR) fuel until it can be disposed of in a permanent geological repository. A radiation dose rate from a sealed canister of 1,000 rem/h (10 Sv/h) at 1 meter for at least 30 years after fabrication was assumed in this paper to be a radiation dose comparable to spent LWR fuel. This can be achieved by encapsulating the plutonium in a borosilicate glass with an adequate amount of a single fission product in the HLWS, namely radioactive Cs{sup 137}. One hundred thousand curies of Cs{sup 137} will generate a dose rate of 1,000 rem/h (10 Sv/h) at 1 meter for at least 30 years when imbedded into canisters of the size proposed for the Savannah River Site`s vitrified high-level wastes. The United States has a current inventory of 54 MCi of CS{sup 137} that has been separated from defense HLWs and is in sealed capsules. This single curie inventory is sufficient to spike 50 metric tons of excess weapons-grade plutonium if plutonium can be loaded at 5.5 wt% in glass, or 540 canisters. Additional CS{sup 137} inventories exist in the United States` HLWs from past reprocessing operations, should additional curies be required. Using only one fission product, CS{sup 137}, rather than the multiple chemical elements and compounds in HLWs to generate a high radiation dose rate from a glass canister greatly simplifies the processing engineering retirement for encapsulating plutonium in a borosilicate glass.

Jardine, L.J.; Armantrout, G.A.; Collins, L.F.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Crystal structure refinement for Cs/sub 3/NpO/sub 2/Cl/sub 4/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diffractometry has been used with monochromatic Mo K/sub /alpha// radiation, /Theta//2/Theta/ method, full-matrix least-squares refinement in the anisotropic approximation, spherical single crystal 0.21 mm in diameter, and R factor on all 1570 reflections 0.028 in a refinement of the crystal structure for Cs/sub 3/NpO/sub 2/Cl/sub 4/. The compound is monoclinic: a = 1.5435 (6), b = 1.2796 (5), c = 0.7306 (3) nm, /gamma/ = 117.23 (5)/degree/, space group B2/b. Bond lengths: Np-20 0.1828 (5), Np-Cl/sub 1/ 0.2759 (3), Np-Cl/sub 2/ 0.2758(3). The Np-O bond characteristics have been compared for NpO/sub 2//sup 2+/ and NpO/sub 2//sup +/. It is concluded that there is marked reduction in the interaction between the equatorial and axial bonds in NpO/sup +//sub 2/ by comparison with NpO/sub 2//sup 2+/.

Lychev, A.A.; Mashirov, L.G; Smolin, Yu.I.; Shepelev, Yu.F.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Shape resonances in ground-state diatomic molecules: General trends and the example of RbCs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of shape resonances due to tunneling through the centrifugal barrier modifies strongly the dynamics of cold atom scattering. As shown on the example of the ground and lowest triplet electronic states of the {sup 85}Rb{sup 133}Cs molecule, the crucial parameter is, as usual for cold collisions, the scattering length. A general description of shape resonances of diatomic molecules is given from three simple single channel asymptotic models, whose respective performances are discussed. The first model, which consists of a R{sup -6} potential limited at short range by a repulsive wall, positioned to reproduce the s-wave scattering length, accounts satisfactorily for the main system-independent properties of shape resonances. Introduction in the model of energy- and angular-momentum-dependent nodal lines specific to the inner part of the potential greatly improves its efficiency. When the energy and angular momentum dependence of the nodal lines cannot be deduced from full potential calculations or from experiment, a rough, but universal, estimate of these properties is obtained by extending the R{sup -6} behavior of the potential up to the origin.

Londono, B. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53-108, AA 1226, Medellin (Colombia); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Mahecha, J. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53-108, AA 1226, Medellin (Colombia); Luc-Koenig, E.; Crubellier, A. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Time dependence of the {sup 137}Cs resuspension factor on the Romanian territory after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On the basis of the radioactivity levels in aerosol and atmospheric deposition samples due to the Chernobyl accident, the resuspension factor of {sup 137}Cs as a four-parameter function has been inferred. The standard procedure to derive the dependence of resuspension on time assumes that the initial deposit is instantaneous. A simple method assuming a constant deposition rate over a fixed period has been proposed. Also, based on existing experimental data, an attempt was made to consider a realistic time dependence of the deposition rate to cope with the particular case of the Chernobyl accident. The differences between the two models are outlined. The Chernobyl direct deposit has been assumed to be the deposit measured between 30 April and 30 June 1986. The calculated values of the resuspension factor are consistent with the IAEA`s recommended model and depend on the rainfall that occurred in June 1986 and the site-specific disturbance conditions during the first 100 d following 1 July 1986 and only on artificial disturbance by humans and vehicles after that. 16 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Mihaila, B. [Institute of Environmental Research and Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Cuculeanu, V. [National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bucharest (Romania)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Electron nuclear double resonance study of photostimulated luminescence active centers in CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} medical imaging plates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} needle image plates exhibit an electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) spectrum at room temperature (RT), whose intensity is correlated with the photostimulated luminescence sensitivity of the plate. This EPR spectrum shows a strong temperature dependence: At RT it is owing to a single Eu{sup 2+} (S =7/2) center with axial symmetry, whereas at T<35 K the spectra can only be explained when two distinct centers are assumed to be present, a minority axial center and a majority center with nearly extremely rhombic symmetry. In this paper these low-temperature centers are studied with electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy, which reveals the presence of {sup 1}H nuclei close to the central Eu{sup 2+} ions in the centers. Analysis of the angular dependence of the ENDOR spectra allows to propose models for these centers, providing an explanation for the observed difference in intensity between the spectral components and for their temperature dependence.

Vrielinck, H.; Loncke, F.; Matthys, P.; Callens, F. [Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Tahon, J.-P.; Leblans, P. [Agfa HealthCare NV, Septestraat 27, B-2640 Mortsel (Belgium)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Intervalence Charge Transfer luminescence: The anomalous luminescence of Cerium-doped Cs2LiLuCl6 elpasolite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) luminescence is reported. It is shown that the so called anomalous luminescence of Ce-doped elpasolite Cs2LiLuCl6, which is characterized mainly by a very large Stokes shift and a very large band width, corresponds to an IVCT emission in Ce3+-Ce4+ pairs, from the 5deg orbital of Ce3+ to 4f orbitals of Ce4+. Its Stokes shift is the sum of the large reorganization energies of the Ce4+ and Ce3+ centers formed after the fixed-nuclei electron transfer and it is equal to the energy of the IVCT absorption commonly found in mixed-valence compounds, which is predicted to exist in this material and to be slightly larger than 10000 cm-1. The large band width is the consequence of the large offset between the minima of the Ce3+-Ce4+ and Ce4+-Ce3+ pairs along the electron transfer reaction coordinate. This offset is approximately 2*sqrt(3) times the difference of Ce-Cl equilibrium distances in the Ce3+ and Ce4+ centers. It is shown that the energies of the peaks and the...

Seijo, Luis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

arXiv:0804.3902v1[cs.DS]24Apr2008 Minimum-energy broadcast in random-grid ad-hoc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:0804.3902v1[cs.DS]24Apr2008 Minimum-energy broadcast in random-grid ad-hoc networks ranges to the nodes of an ad-hoc network in order to guarantee a directed spanning tree from a given in ad-hoc networks. In ad-hoc net- works, nodes are able to vary their transmission ranges in order

Rossi, Gianluca

377

The AFeO{sub 2} (A=K, Rb and Cs) family: A comparative study of structures and structural phase transitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structures and phase transitions for the isostructural series of compounds KFeO{sub 2}, RbFeO{sub 2} and CsFeO{sub 2} have been systematically studied by synchrotron X-ray high resolution powder diffraction experiments and in case of CsFeO{sub 2} also by single crystal diffractometry. At room temperature, all of the three compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic (Pbca) KGaO{sub 2} type of structure consisting of a three dimensional network of corner-sharing [FeO{sub 4/2}]{sup -} tetrahedra, which at elevated temperatures shows a reversible phase transformation to a cubic structure (space group Fd3-barm). For KFeO{sub 2}, RbFeO{sub 2} and CsFeO{sub 2} this phase transformation takes place at 1003 K, 737 K and 350 K respectively, as confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. Upon heating through the transitions the major structural changes are driven by the onset or enhancement of librational motion of the FeO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Due to this phenomenon the Fe-O-Fe bonds appear to step-wise getting straight, seemingly approaching 180 deg. within the time and space averaged structure. - Graphical abstract: Reciprocal layer hk0 for the orthorhombic room temperature phase, with pseudo cubic symmetry due to twinning, and the cubic high temperature phase of CsFeO{sub 2}. Upon heating the major structural changes are driven by the enhancement of librational motion of the [FeO{sub 4/2}]{sup -} corner-sharing tetrahedra, a phenomenon related to the high/low phase transition of cristobalite.

Ali, Naveed Zafar; Nuss, Juergen [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Sheptyakov, Denis [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETH Zurich and PSI Villigen, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Jansen, Martin, E-mail: m.jansen@fkf.mpg.d [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

CS120 Lab 7 --Arduino and LC3 The goal for this lab is to get everyone up to speed using both the LC3 simulator and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CS120 Lab 7 -- Arduino and LC3 The goal for this lab is to get everyone up to speed using both the LC3 simulator and the Arduino, and to make connections between C-language control structures (if ELSEPART AND R1, R1, #0 ADD R1, R1, #4 WHATEVER HALT .END Arduino code LC3 simulator code Type both code

Madden, Patrick H.

379

Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor Stars. Osmium and Iridium Abundances in the Neutron-Capture-Enhanced Subgiants CS31062-050 and LP625-44  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have investigated the abundances of heavy neutron-capture elements, including osmium (Os) and iridium (Ir), in the two Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor (CEMP) subgiants CS31062-050 and LP625-44. CS31062-050 is known to be a so-called CEMP-r/s star, which exhibits large excesses of s-process elements such as barium (Ba) and lead (Pb), as well as a significant enhancement of europium (Eu) that cannot be explained by conventional s-process production in Asymptotic Giant Branch star models. Our analysis of the high-resolution spectrum for this object has determined, for the first time, the abundances of Ir and Os, elements in the third peak of the r-process nucleosynthesis. They also exhibit significant excesses relative to the predictions of standard s-process calculations. These two elements are not detected in a similar-quality spectrum of LP625-44; the derived upper limits on their abundances are lower than the abundances in CS31062-050. We compare the observed abundance patterns of neutron-capture elements, including Os and Ir, in these two stars with recent model calculations of the s-process, and discuss possible interpretations.

Wako Aoki; Sara Bisterzo; Roberto Gallino; Timothy C. Beers; John E. Norris; Sean G. Ryan; Stelios Tsangarides

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

380

FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS OF 90SR AND 137CS CONCENTRATIONS IN AN ECOSYSTEM OF THE 'RED FOREST' AREA IN THE CHERNOBYL EXCLUSION ZONE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the most highly contaminated region of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone: the 'Red Forest' site, the accumulation of the major dose-affecting radionuclides ({sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs) within the components of an ecological system encompassing 3,000 m{sup 2} were characterized. The sampled components included soils (top 0-10 cm depth), Molina caerulea (blue moor grass), Camponotus vagus (carpenter ants) and Pelobates fuscus (spade-footed toad). In a comparison among the components of this ecosystem, the {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs concentrations measured in 40 separate grids exhibited significant differences, while the frequency distribution of the values were close to a logarithmically normal leptokurtic distribution with a significant right-side skew. While it is important to identify localized areas of high contamination or 'hot spots,' including these values in the arithmetic mean may overestimate the exposure risk. In component sample sets that exhibited logarithmically normal distribution, the geometrical mean more accurately characterizes a site. Ideally, risk assessment is most confidently achieved when the arithmetic and geometrical means are most similar, meaning the distribution approaches normal. Through bioaccumulation, the highest concentrations of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs were measured in the blue moor grass and spade-footed toad. These components also possessed distribution parameters that shifted toward a normal distribution.

Farfan, E.; Jannik, T.; Caldwell, E.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

Measurement of the Spin-Orbit Perturbation in the P-State Continuum of Heavy Alkali-Metal Atoms: K, Rb, and Cs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spin-orbit interaction for the P-state continuum of heavy alkali metals was investigated in a photoionization experiment using spin-polarized alkali atoms and circularly polarized light. From the asymmetry in ion-counting rates corresponding to the two photon helicities, Fano's spin-orbit perturbation parameter x was determined over a range of several hundred angstroms for K, Rb, and Cs. The spin-orbit perturbation was found to increase from K to Rb to Cs as expected, and the nonlinear behavior of x as a function of the photon energy E was demonstrated for K. Knowledge of x(E) was used to establish accurate values for the position of the Cooper minimum and to estimate the magnitude of the cross section at the minimum. In addition, the x(E) data for Cs were used to gain information about the spin polarization of photoelectrons in a Fano-type polarized electron source. Finally, extrapolation of x(E) for cesium into the discrete spectrum indicated the existence of a pole in the function ?(E) which corresponds to the doublet line-strength ratio ?(EnP)=S(nP32)S(nP12) at the discrete energies EnP. According to our extrapolation, the pole lies in the region of n=10to15, in agreement with the early spectroscopic work of Sambursky (1928) and Beutell (1939), whose measurements were discounted by later investigators.

G. Baum; M. S. Lubell; W. Raith

1972-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

MEASURING THE ULTIMATE HALO MASS OF GALAXY CLUSTERS: REDSHIFTS AND MASS PROFILES FROM THE HECTOSPEC CLUSTER SURVEY (HeCS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The infall regions of galaxy clusters represent the largest gravitationally bound structures in a {Lambda}CDM universe. Measuring cluster mass profiles into the infall regions provides an estimate of the ultimate mass of these halos. We use the caustic technique to measure cluster mass profiles from galaxy redshifts obtained with the Hectospec Cluster Survey (HeCS), an extensive spectroscopic survey of galaxy clusters with MMT/Hectospec. We survey 58 clusters selected by X-ray flux at 0.1 < z < 0.3. The survey includes 22,680 unique MMT/Hectospec redshifts for individual galaxies; 10,145 of these galaxies are cluster members. For each cluster, we acquired high signal-to-noise spectra for {approx}200 cluster members and a comparable number of foreground/background galaxies. The cluster members trace out infall patterns around the clusters. The members define a very narrow red sequence. We demonstrate that the determination of velocity dispersion is insensitive to the inclusion of bluer members (a small fraction of the cluster population). We apply the caustic technique to define membership and estimate the mass profiles to large radii. The ultimate halo mass of clusters (the mass that remains bound in the far future of a {Lambda}CDM universe) is on average (1.99 {+-} 0.11)M{sub 200}, a new observational cosmological test in essential agreement with simulations. Summed profiles binned in M{sub 200} and in L{sub X} demonstrate that the predicted Navarro-Frenk-White form of the density profile is a remarkably good representation of the data in agreement with weak lensing results extending to large radius. The concentration of these summed profiles is also consistent with theoretical predictions.

Rines, Kenneth [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225 (United States); Geller, Margaret J.; Kurtz, Michael J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, MS 20, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Diaferio, Antonaldo, E-mail: kenneth.rines@wwu.edu, E-mail: diaferio@ph.unito.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Torino, Torino (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Torino, Torino (Italy)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

383

cs.wisc.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

piece of software that functions efficiently on any given QP application. ...... age from the HSL Archive) and building OOQP executables for the various solvers. ... Research, U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract W-31-109-Eng-38; and by.

2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Belgium Nuclear Security Summit: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Security Summit: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency...

385

Manufacturing and Robotics Research at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Whitney KEYWORDS: mechatronics; stereolithography; EDM; automation; robot INTRODUCTION The Katholieke Schutter is in charge of mechatronics. Research activities focus on production engineering, machine design attempts to find better polymers and ways to level the liquid faster to speed up the process; _ EDM

Whitney, Daniel

386

Accurate and Precise Determination of Boron Isotopic Ratios at Low Concentration by Positive Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Using Static Multicollection of Cs2BO2+ Ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate and Precise Determination of Boron Isotopic Ratios at Low Concentration by Positive Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Using Static Multicollection of Cs2BO2+ Ions ... (1) A relatively large mass difference (10%) between the two isotopes and high volatility results in significant boron isotopic variation from ?70(2) to +75(3) in natural materials; thus, boron isotopes have numerous applications in geochemistry, isotope hydrology, oceanography, environmental sciences, cosmology, and nuclear technology. ... (2) Our method provided better long-term stability of NIST 951 standard compared to Zoom Quad mode when more than two isotopes were determined in addition to boron isotope. ...

Mao-yong He; Ying-kai Xiao; Zhang-dong Jin; Yun-qi Ma; Jun Xiao; Yan-ling Zhang; Chong-guang Luo; Fei Zhang

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

A profound analysis of Rb2[PH] and Cs2[PH] and the role of [PH]2? ions during temperature-induced solidsolid phase transitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The temperature-induced solidsolid transformation of Rb2[PH] and Cs2[PH] is characterized from both experiment and theory. Neutron diffraction, IR-spectroscopy and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations reveal an asymmetric shift of the lattice constants at 80K. The molecular mechanism of the structural transformation as identified from IR-spectroscopy and ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations is closely connected to the orientation of the [PH]2? moieties which undergo a partial orderdisorder phase transition.

M. Somer; H.G.v. Schnering; O. Hochrein; D. Zahn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Development of a process for the extraction of {sup 137}Cs from acidic HLLW based on crown-calix extractant use of di-alkylamide modifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the framework of the ARTIST project of total fuel retreatment with ecological mixtures of solvents and extractants containing only C, H, O, and N atoms, a process segment of extraction of {sup 137}Cs from acidic stream was developed. The process with 25,27-Bis(1-octyloxy)calix[4]arene-crown- 6, DOC[4]C6, dissolved at its 0.01 M concentration in a mixture of 90 vol % 1-octanol and 10% dihexyl octanamide, DHOA was proposed as a viable variant due to its good multicycle performance, even with irradiated solvent, and due to the good chemical stability of the chosen combination of solvent mixture. (authors)

Alexova, J.; Sirova, M.; Rais, J. [Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc, 25068 Rez (Czech Republic); Suzuki, S.; Hirata, M.; Kimura, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki (Japan); Tachimori, S. [Secretariat of the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Incidence of neoplasms in ages 0-19 Y in parts of Sweden with high {sup 137}Cs fallout after the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The incidence of neoplasms in childhood and adolescence in northern and central Sweden before and after the radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl accident was investigated in an ecologic study, 1978 to 1992. The study included all parishes in the six most contaminated counties classified after aerial mapping of ground radiation form {sup 137}Cs and investigated 746 cases of neoplasms in ages 0-19 y, diagnosed in the six counties. Incidence and relative risks of neoplasms were compared in areas with high, intermediate, and low contamination after versus before the Chernobyl accident in 1986. A continuous increase of brain tumor incidence in the ages 0-19 y during the period 1978-92 without clear relationship to the Chernobyl fallout was discovered. No clear relationship between the incidence of brain tumor and the exposure to varying levels of radiation from {sup 137}Cs was apparent. A some-what decreased relative risk of acute lymphatic leukemia appeared in areas with increased exposure. Other neoplasms showed no changes in incidence over time or with regard to exposure. Until now, there is no indication that the Chernobyl accident has affected the incidence of childhood and adolescence neoplasms in Sweden, but it is still too early for any final conclusion about the effect of this event. 12 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Tondel, M.; Flodin, U.; Skoeldestig, A.; Axelson, O. [Univ. Hospital, Linkoeping (Sweden)] [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Investigation for the puzzling abundance pattern of the neutron-capture elements in the ultra metal-poor star: CS 30322-023  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The s-enhanced and very metal-poor star CS 30322-023 shows a puzzling abundance pattern of the neutron-capture elements, i.e. several neutron-capture elements such as Ba, Pb etc. show enhancement, but other neutron-capture elements such as Sr, Eu etc. exhibit deficient with respect to iron. The study to this sample star could make people gain a better understanding of s- and r-process nucleosynthesis at low metallicity. Using a parametric model, we find that the abundance pattern of the neutron-capture elements could be best explained by a star that was polluted by an AGB star and the CS 30322-023 binary system formed in a molecular cloud which had never been polluted by r-process material. The lack of r-process material also indicates that the AGB companion cannot have undergone a type-1.5 supernova, and thus must have had an initial mass below 4.0M$_\\odot$, while the strong N overabundance and the absence of a strong C overabundance indicate that the companion's initial mass was larger than 2.0M$_\\odot$. The smaller s-process component coefficient of this star illustrates that there is less accreted material of this star from the AGB companion, and the sample star should be formed in the binary system with larger initial orbital separation where the accretion-induced collapse (AIC) mechanism can not work.

W. Y. Cui; B. Zhang; K. Ma; L. Zhang

2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

391

Study of CS/sub 2/ in the 3--10 eV energy range by electron energy loss spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron impact energy loss spectra are obtained in CS/sub 2/ in the energy loss range of 3--10 eV with high and medium energy resolution. Measurements have been performed at various incident electron energies (approx.10--100eV) and scattering angles (4/sup 0/--90/sup 0/). The high energy resolution (approx.25 meV) has made possible the detailed analysis of the vibrational progressions and Rydberg series, and some identifications are supported by the plots of the differential cross sections of the studied transitions. New bands are evidenced in the region of the low-lying states 3--5 eV and classifications are proposed. The features appearing between 6.5 and 10 eV are classified into ten Rydberg series converging to the X /sup 2/Pi/sub g/ ground state of CS/sup +//sub 2/, and assignments are proposed for most of them. New triplet features are also evidenced around 6.6 eV, while the triplet character proposed by Greening and King for some transitions is not confirmed.

Hubin-Franskin, M.; Delwiche, J.; Poulin, A.; Leclerc, B.; Roy, P.; Roy, D.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Chapter 11 - Systematic Study of the Electronic Properties and Trends in the LiX (X=Na, K, Rb, Cs and Fr) Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Alkali mixed diatomic molecules exhibit significant permanent dipole moment. They constitute a prototype of an ultra-cold quantum gas, which makes them candidates for fundamental quantum processes. This requires knowledge of their accurate electronic properties to guide the ongoing experiments. For this purpose, we have investigated the structure and spectroscopic properties of the first electronic states of 1,3?+, 1,3?, 1,3? symmetries for LiNa, LiK, LiRb, and LiCs molecules. We have used an ab initio approach based on pseudopotential techniques: parameterized l-dependent polarization potentials and full configuration interaction calculations through the CIPCI quantum chemistry package. The spectroscopic constants (Re, De, ?e, ?exe, and Be) of these states are derived and compared with the available theoretical and experimental work. In addition to the potential energy, accurate permanent and transition dipole moments are determined for a wide range of internuclear distances. A systematic study and analysis of the trend of the permanent dipole moments around the equilibrium distance of the ground state of LiX (X=Na, K, Rb, Cs and Fr) molecules are done. The results, compared to available theoretical and experimental work, show good agreement.

S. Bellayouni; I. Jendoubi; N. Mabrouk; H. Berriche

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

{sup 129}Xe-Cs (D{sub 1},D{sub 2}) versus {sup 129}Xe-Rb (D{sub 1}) spin-exchange optical pumping at high xenon densities using high-power laser diode arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate {sup 129}Xe-Cs (D{sub 1},D{sub 2}) spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) at high Xe densities ({approx}0.12-2.44 amagat) using newly available high-power (>40 W) laser diode arrays and compare with {sup 129}Xe-Rb D{sub 1} SEOP under similar conditions. At elevated Xe densities, the spin-exchange rate (per alkali-metal atom, {gamma}{sup '}) for Cs-{sup 129}Xe is {approx}1.5-fold greater than that for Rb-{sup 129}Xe. Higher spin-exchange rates and lower {sup 129}Xe spin-destruction rates for Cs-{sup 129}Xe versus Rb-{sup 129}Xe contribute to {approx}twofold improvement in {sup 129}Xe nuclear spin polarization measured at 9.4 T - with the largest gains observed at the highest Xe densities.

Whiting, Nicholas; Eschmann, Neil A.; Goodson, Boyd M.; Barlow, Michael J. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States); Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

When Cars Start Gossiping Paolo Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, computers embedded in cars can rely on the vehicle's power supply and may have plenty of memory storage - Universität Stuttgart Germany Boris.Koldehofe@ipvs.uni- stuttgart.de Hugo Miranda University of Lisbon. Both academia and industry have shown an increasing in- terest in building vehicular networking systems

Musolesi, Mirco

395

Formal Epistemology: Lecture Horacio Arlo-Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Amartya Sen: Ratio- nality and Freedom, p. 767. 2 #12;To define a maximal set we can use the asymmetric-empty set of (KA). 4 #12;EXAMPLES OF REMAINDER SETS 5 #12;1 If A entails some element of a set of sen

Spirtes, Peter

396

High-Temperature Phase Transitions in CsH2PO4 Under Ambient and High-Pressure Conditions: A Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To clarify the microscopic origin of the temperature-induced three-order-of-magnitude jump in the proton conductivity of CsH2PO4 (superprotonic behavior), we have investigated its crystal structure modifications within the 25-300 C temperature range under both ambient- and high-pressure conditions using synchrotron x-ray diffraction. Our high-pressure data show no indication of the thermal decomposition/polymerization at the crystal surface recently proposed as the origin of the enhanced proton conductivity. Instead, we found direct evidence that the superprotonic behavior of the title material is associated with a polymorphic structural transition to a high-temperature cubic phase. Our results are in excellent agreement with previous high-pressure ac impedance measurements.

Botez,C.; Hermosillo, J.; Zhang, J.; Qian, J.; Zhao, Y.; Majzlan, J.; Chianelli, R.; Pantea, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

No evidence for in vivo induction of genomic instability in bone marrow cells collected from mice exposed to low-dose 137Cs γ rays:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rithidech et al, 2006 1 Rithidech et al, 2006 1 No evidence for in vivo induction of genomic instability in bone marrow cells collected from mice exposed to low-dose 137 Cs γ rays: Kanokporn Noy Rithidech 1 , Chatchanok Loetchutinat 1 , Louise Honikel 1 , and Elbert B. Whorton 2 1 Pathology Department, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8691 2 Molecular Epidemiology Research Program, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, TX 77555-1153 Assessment of potential health risks associated with exposure to low-dose radiation (at doses below or equal to 0.1 Gy) is still a challenging public health issue. It is therefore important to improve our understanding of potential induction of genomic instability in vivo by this low-dose range because it has been widely suggested that elevation of genomic instability also elevates cancer

398

Phase transitions and equation of state of CsI under high pressure and the development of a focusing system for x-rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase transitions and equation of state of ionic solid cesium iodide were studied under high pressure and room temperature in a diamond anvil cell. The studies were carried out using both energy dispersive and angular dispersive diffraction methods on synchrotron radiation sources over the pressure range from atmospheric pressure to over 300 gigapascals (3 million atmospheres). CsI undergoes a distinct phase transition at about 40 GPa, a pressure that is much lower than the reported insulator-metal transition at 110 GPa, from the atmospheric pressure B2(CsCl) structure to an orthorhombic structure. At higher pressures, a continuous distortion in the structure was observed with a final structure similar to a hcp lattice under ultra high pressure. No volume discontinuity was observed at the insulator-metal transition. The newly found transition sequence is different from the result of previous static compression studies. The current structure has a smaller unit cell volume than the previous assignment. This has resolved a long existing controversy among the previous static compression studies, the dynamic compression studies, and the theoretical studies. The current results also explain the apparent discrepancy between the present study and the previous static studies. We also present the development of a focusing system for high energy x-rays (> 12 keV) that is particularly suited for high pressure diffraction studies. This system uses a pair of multilayer coated spherical mirrors in a Kirkpatrick-Baez geometry. A focused beam size less than 10 micron in diameter can be readily achieved with sufficient intensity to perform diffraction studies. 93 refs., 46 figs., 15 tabs.

Wu, Yan.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The use of comparative {sup 137}Cs body burden estimates from environmental data/models and whole body counting to evaluate diet models for the ingestion pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rongelap and Utirik Atolls were contaminated on 1 March 1954, by a U.S. nuclear test at Bikini Atoll code named BRAVO. The people at both atolls were removed from their atolls in the first few days after the detonation and were returned to their atolls at different times. Detailed studies have been carried out over the years by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to determine the radiological conditions at the atolls and estimate the doses to the populations. The contribution of each exposure pathway and radionuclide have been evaluated. All dose assessments show that the major potential contribution to the estimated dose is {sup 137}Cs uptake via the terrestrial food chain. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has carried out an extensive whole body counting program at both atolls over several years to directly measure the {sup 137}Cs body burden. Here we compare the estimates of the body burdens from the LLNL environmental method with body burdens measured by the BNL whole body counting method. The combination of the results from both methods is used to evaluate proposed diet models to establish more realistic dose assessments. Very good agreement is achieved between the two methods with a diet model that includes both local and imported foods. Other diet models greatly overestimate the body burdens (i.e., dose) observed by whole body counting. The upper 95% confidence limit of interindividual variability around the population mean value based on the environmental method is similar to that calculated from direct measurement by whole body counting. Moreover, the uncertainty in the population mean value based on the environmental method is in very good agreement with the whole body counting data. This provides additional confidence in extrapolating the estimated doses calculated by the environmental method to other islands and atolls. 46 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sun, C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Selective Removal of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ by K2xMgxSn3xS6 (x = 0.51) (KMS-2) Relevant to Nuclear Waste Remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective Removal of Cs+, Sr2+, and Ni2+ by K2xMgxSn3xS6 (x = 0.51) (KMS-2) Relevant to Nuclear Waste Remediation ... Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States ...

Joshua L. Mertz; Zohreh Hassanzadeh Fard; Christos D. Malliakas; Manolis J. Manos; Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Student use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile Technology In CiCS (Corporate Information and Computing Services) we are always looking to improve our services.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Student use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile TechnologyStudent use of Mobile Technology In CiCS (Corporate Information and Computing Services) we are always looking to improve our services. We are interested in your use of mobile technology (phones

Martin, Stephen John

402

Published by the IEEE CS n 1536-1268/08/$25.00 2008 IEEE PERVASIVE computing Education & TrainingEditor: Scott F. Midkiff n Virginia Tech n midkiff@vt.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& TrainingEditor: Scott F. Midkiff n Virginia Tech n midkiff@vt.edu As a field, computer science faces (www. scribblerrobot.com)withacustomIPRE EdITor'S InTro An exciting new initiative at Georgia Tech at midkiff@vt.edu. --Scott Midkiff QuICk FACTS Course: Computer Science 1 (CS1) Level: undergraduate

Guzdial, Mark

403

Radiation doses for Marshall Islands Atolls Affected by U.S. Nuclear Testing:All Exposure Pathways, Remedial Measures, and Environmental Loss of 137Cs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States conducted 24 nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll with a total yield of 76.8 Megatons (MT). The Castle series produced about 60% of this total and included the Bravo test that was the primary source of contamination of Bikini Island and Rongelap and Utrok Atolls. One of three aerial drops missed the atoll and the second test of the Crossroads series, the Baker test, was an underwater detonation. Of the rest, 17 were on barges on water and 3 were on platforms on an island; they produced most of the contamination of islands at the atoll. There were 42 tests conducted at Enewetak Atoll with a total yield of 31.7 MT (Simon and Robison, 1997; UNSCEAR, 2000). Of these tests, 18 were on a barge over wateror reef, 7 were surface shots, 2 aerial drops, 2 under water detonations, and 13 tower shots on either land or reef. All produced some contamination of various atoll islands. Rongelap Atoll received radioactive fallout as a result of the Bravo test on March 1, 1954 that was part of the Castle series of tests. This deposition was the result of the Bravo test producing a yield of 15 MT, about a factor of three to four greater than the predicted yield that resulted in vaporization of more coral reef and island than expected and in the debris-cloud reaching a much higher altitude than anticipated. High-altitude winds were to the east at the time of detonation and carried the debris-cloud toward Rongelap Atoll. Utrok Atoll also received fallout from the Bravo test but at much lower air and ground-level concentrations than at Rongelap atoll. Other atolls received Bravo fallout at levels below that of Utrok [other common spellings of this island and atoll (Simon, et al., 2009)]. To avoid confusion in reading other literature, this atoll and island are spelled in a variety of ways (Utrik, Utirik, Uterik or Utrok). Dose assessments for Bikini Island at Bikini Atoll (Robison et al., 1997), Enjebi Island at Enewetak Atoll (Robison et al., 1987), Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll (Robison et al., 1994; Simon et al., 1997), and Utrok Island at Utrok Atoll (Robison, et al., 1999) indicate that about 95-99% of the total estimated dose to people who may return to live at the atolls today (Utrok Island is populated) is the result of exposure to {sup 137}Cs. External gamma exposure from {sup 137}Cs in the soil accounts for about 10 to 15% of the total dose and {sup 137}Cs ingested during consumption of local food crops such as drinking coconut meat and fluid (Cocos nucifera L.), copra meat and milk, Pandanus fruit, and breadfruit accounts for about 85 to 90%. The other 1 to 2% of the estimated dose is from {sup 90}Sr, {sup 239+240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am. The {sup 90}Sr exposure is primarily through the food chain while the exposure to {sup 239+240}Pu, and {sup 241}Am is primarily via the inhalation pathway as a result of breathing re-suspended soil particles.

Robison, W L; Hamilton, T F

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

404

Stripped gas as fuel for newly formed HII regions in the encounter between VCC1249 and M49: a unified picture from NGVS and GUViCS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context: We study the peculiar interacting galaxy system of VCC1249/M49 located in the core of the Virgo B subcluster. Owing to a recent interaction between the dwarf galaxy VCC1249 and the halo gas of the gE M49, neutral hydrogen has been displaced from the interstellar medium of this dwarf into the Virgo ICM. Observations also reveal multiple compact star-forming regions that are embedded in this HI cloud, with a projected separation up to 13 kpc from VCC1249 in the northwest direction. Aims: Motivated by recent NUV imaging from GUViCS of the VCC1249/M49 system that shows significant ongoing/recent star formation in the compact regions, we aim to constrain the origin of these outlying HII regions with a multi-wavelength approach. Methods: Using deep optical (u, g, i, z) imaging from NGVS and new Halpha imaging obtained at the San Pedro Martir observatory together with Keck long-slit spectroscopy, we characterize the SFR, ages, and metallicity of VCC1249 and its outlying compact regions. Moreover, we analyze...

Battaia, Fabrizio Arrigoni; Fumagalli, Michele; Boselli, Alessandro; Boissier, Samuel; Cortese, Luca; Heinis, Sebastien; Ferrarese, Laura; Ct, Patrick; Mihos, J Christopher; Cuillandre, Jean Charles; Duc, Pierre-Alain; Durrell, Patrick; Gwyn, Stephen; Jordn, Andrs; Liu, Chengze; Peng, Eric

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Chloride anion exchange coprocessing for recovery of plutonium from pyrochemical residues and Cs sub 2 PuCl sub 6 filtrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuing studies of plutonium recovery from direct oxide reduction (DOR) and electrorefining (ER) pyrochemical process residues show that chloride anion exchange coprocessing is useful and effective. Coprocessing utilizes DOR residue salt as a reagent to supply the bulk of chloride ion needed for the chloride anion exchange process and to improve ER residue salt solubility. ER residue salt and ER scrapeout can be successfully treated, either alone or together, using coprocessing. In addition, chloride anion exchange at 2.0M acidity results in improved process performance by greatly reducing disproportionation of plutonium(IV), eliminating restrictions on oxidation time compared to operation at 1.0M acidity. Laboratory-scale experiments show that below-discard effluent plutonium losses are obtained. Resin capacity was 30 g Pu/{ell} or greater. Furthermore, it is feasible to perform chloride anion exchange recovery of plutonium from filtrate resulting from precipitation of dicesium hexachloroplutonate (Cs{sub 2}PuCl{sub 6}, an oxidant salt to be used in the molten salt extraction process) and integration of its preparation with recovery of DOR salts. 10 refs., 9 figs., 10 tabs.

Muscatello, A.C.; Killion, M.E.

1990-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

406

Evaluation of improved technologies for the removal of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs from process wastewater and groundwater: FY 1995 status  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of new sorbents are currently being developed for the removal of {sup 90}Sr and {sup 137}Cs from contaminated, caustic low-level liquid waste (LLLW). These sorbents are potentially promising for use in the cleanup of contaminated groundwater and process wastewater containing the two radionuclides. The goal of this subtask is to evaluate the new sorbents to determine whether their associated treatment technology is more selective for the decontamination of wastewater streams than that of currently available processes. Activities during fiscal year 1995 have included completing the characterization of the standard treatment technology, ion exchange on chabazite zeolite. Strontium and cesium sorption on sodium-modified zeolite was observed in the presence of elevated concentrations of wastewater components: sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium. The most significant loss of nuclide sorption was noted in the first 0- to 4-meq/L addition of the cations to a wastewater simulant. Radionuclide sorption on the pretreated zeolite was also determined under dynamic flow conditions. Resorcinol-formaldehyde (R-F) resin, which was developed at the Savannah River Site, was selected as the first new sorbent to be evaluated for wastewater treatment. Nuclide sorption on this resin was greater when the resin had been washed with ultrapure water and air dried prior to use.

Bostick, D.T.; Arnold, W.D. Jr.; Burgess, M.W.; McTaggart, D.R.; Taylor, P.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Guo, B. [Oak Ridge Research Inst., TN (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Two non-centrosymmetric cubic seleno-germanates related to CsCl-type structure: Synthesis, structure, magnetic and optical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two related non-centrosymmetric, cubic, quaternary chalcogenides, containing europium have been synthesized employing the molten flux method and by the reaction of europium halides with the ternary seleno-germanate, Na{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}Se{sub 6}. The reactions of Eu, Ge and Se were accomplished in a molten Na{sub 2}Se{sub 2} flux at 800 deg. C for 150 h in an evacuated fused silica ampoule and yielded Na{sub 2}EuGeSe{sub 4} (I). Similarly, Na{sub 0.75}Eu{sub 1.625}GeSe{sub 4} (II), could be synthesized at slightly lower temperature (750 deg. C) with a different starting ratio of Eu, Ge, Se and Na{sub 2}Se{sub 2}. A reaction between EuCl{sub 3} and Na{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}Se{sub 6} in 1:2 ratio at 650 deg. C for 96 h in an evacuated fused silica ampoule yielded Na{sub 2}EuGeSe{sub 4} (I), while the reaction between EuI{sub 2} and Na{sub 6}Ge{sub 2}Se{sub 6} in 1:1 ratio under similar conditions yielded Na{sub 0.75}Eu{sub 1.625}GeSe{sub 4} (II). Crystal data for these compounds are as follows: I, cubic, space group I4-bar3m (no. 217), a=7.3466(3), Z=2; II, cubic, space group I4-bar3d (no. 220), a=14.7065(8), Z=16. The crystal structures of I and II are closely related and can be compared to a CsCl-type and its ordered superstructure, respectively. These compounds are semiconductors with optical band gaps around 2 eV. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility indicated that both compounds are paramagnetic with {mu} {sub eff.}=7.6 and 7.73 {mu} {sub B}, for I and II, respectively, close to the theoretical value of 7.94 {mu} {sub B} for Eu{sup 2+}. Raman spectroscopic characterization of the compounds is also reported. - Graphical abstract: Related quaternary chalcogenides, Na{sub 2}EuGeSe{sub 4} (I) and its ordered superstructure Na{sub 0.75}Eu{sub 1.625}GeSe{sub 4} (II), have been synthesized employing solid-state reactions. The structures of these compounds contain isolated GeSe{sub 4} trerahedra and are related to the CsCl-type structure. These compounds are semiconducting with optical band gaps around 2 eV.

Choudhury, Amitava [Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States); Polyakova, Larisa A. [Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States); Strobel, Sabine [Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States); Dorhout, Peter K. [Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 (United States)], E-mail: pkd@lamar.colostate.edu

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

09/13/2011! CS4961! CS4961 Parallel Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that editing on water is somewhat primitive ­ I'm using vim. You may want to edit on a different machine and copy to water, but keep in mind that you'll need a fast edit-compile-execute path. Or you can try vim

Hall, Mary W.

409

CS Freiburg 2001 Thilo Weigel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system, in our path planner, and in the cooperation component. 1 Introduction Although the general setup of software components in the system that could be improved. For this reason, we invested in new hardware of improvements were made on the system level, such as integrating a new camera system. Furthermore, we worked

Nebel, Bernhard

410

VERA-CS Validation Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

55,000 pages and contains 516 evaluations representing 4405 critical, near-critical, or subcritical configurations, 24 criticality alarm placementshielding configurations with...

411

Rechnerarchitekturen und Betriebssysteme (CS201)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, funktioniert unter Wine C-Compiler, IDE: Ubuntu: sudo apt-get install arduino Ubuntu: sudo apt-get install gcc-avr http://www.nongnu.org/avr-libc/ Tutorial: http://arduino.cc/en/Guide/HomePage http

Vetter, Thomas

412

www.cs.wisc.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Mathematics and Computer Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory ...... It is of course possible that the method for solving (39) will avoid these ..... of Energy. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf,...

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

Hydrogen production by steam reforming of simulated liquefied natural gas (LNG) over mesoporous nickelMalumina (M=Ni, Ce, La, Y, Cs, Fe, Co, and Mg) aerogel catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mesoporous nickelMalumina aerogel catalysts (denoted as NiMAE) with different second metal (M=Ni, Ce, La, Y, Cs, Fe, Co, and Mg) were prepared by a single-step solgel method and a subsequent CO2 supercritical drying method. The effect of second metal of mesoporous nickelMalumina aerogel catalysts on their physicochemical properties and catalytic activity for steam reforming of simulated liquefied natural gas (LNG) was investigated. Textural and chemical properties of NiMAE catalysts were strongly influenced by the identity of second metal. Nickel species were highly dispersed on the surface of NiMAE catalysts through the formation of nickel aluminate phase. In the steam reforming of LNG, both LNG conversion and hydrogen yield decreased in the order of NiLaAE>NiCeAE>NiYAE>NiCsAE>NiNiAE>NiFeAE>NiCoAE>NiMgAE. Average nickel diameter of NiMAE catalysts was well correlated with LNG conversion and hydrogen yield over the catalysts. Among the catalysts tested, NiLaAE catalyst exhibited the best catalytic performance due to its smallest average nickel diameter. Furthermore, NiLaAE catalyst exhibited a strong capability of facilitating heat and mass transfer of reactant and product during the steam reforming of LNG. Watergas shift reaction governed the steam reforming reaction over NiLaAE catalyst under the steam-rich reaction condition (steam/carbon>2).

Jeong Gil Seo; Min Hye Youn; Yongju Bang; In Kyu Song

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Ion mobility and phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) Cs(1?x)(NH4)xSb2F7 and K0.4Rb0.6Sb2F7 according to NMR and DSC data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ion mobility and phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) Cs1?x(NH4)xSb2F7 (x=0.2; 0.6) and K0.4Rb0.6Sb2F7 were studied by the 19F, 1H NMR and DSC. The character of ionic motions in fluoride and ammonium sublattices with temperature variations was investigated. Types of ion motions and temperature ranges in which they are observed were determined. It was found that the predominant form of ionic motions in high-temperature modifications is a diffusion of fluorine atoms, whereas the number of diffusing ammonium ions depends on the sample composition. The observed phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) of cesiumammonium and potassiumrubidium with a formation of high-temperature modifications are transitions into a superionic state (?>10?3S/cm above 450K).

V.Ya. Kavun; M.M. Polyantsev; L.A. Zemnukhova; A.B. Slobodyuk; V.I. Sergienko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Risk-Based Remediation Approach for Cs-137 Contaminated Sediment/Soils at the Savannah River Site (SRS) Lower Three Runs Tail (U) - 13348 - SRNS-RP-2012-00546  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lower Three Runs is a large blackwater stream that runs through the eastern and southern portion of the Savannah River Site. The Lower Three Runs watershed includes two SRS facility areas: P Area (P Reactor) and R Area (R Reactor) that provided effluent discharges to Lower Three Runs. During reactor operations, effluent discharges were well above natural (pre-industrial) or present day stream discharges. The watershed contains a 2,500-acre mainstream impoundment (PAR Pond), several smaller pre-cooler ponds, and a canal system that connects the pre-cooler ponds and discharges surface water to PAR Pond. From the PAR Pond dam, Lower Three Runs flows approximately 36 kilometers braiding through bottom-land/flood-plain forests before it enters the Savannah River. About eight kilometers downstream from the PAR Pond dam, the SRS boundary narrows (termed the Lower Three Runs tail) providing a limited buffer of DOE property for the Lower Three Runs stream and associated flood-plain. Previous screening characterization efforts revealed Cs-137 contamination in the sediment/soils of the flood-plain. As a part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act stimulus package, a comprehensive characterization effort was executed on the sediment/soils of the Lower Three Runs tail flood-plain providing a comprehensive look at the contaminant signature of the area. As a follow-up to that characterization, a regulatory decision Core Team, comprised of members of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Environmental Protection Agency - Region IV, and DOE, conducted negotiations on a risk-based approach to address the level of contamination found in the tail flood-plain as an early action that provided a long-term solution to exposure scenarios. For evaluation purposes, the adolescent trespasser was selected as the most likely human receptor for the Lower Three Runs tail portion because of the natural attractiveness of the area for recreational activities (i.e., hunting, fishing, hiking etc.) and access from public property. Exposure of the adolescent trespasser to Cs-137 contaminated sediment/soil at concentrations greater than 23.7 pico curies per gram have been calculated to result in an unacceptable cancer risk (> 1 x 10{sup -4}). Comparing the characterization sampling results conducted in 2009 with the benchmark concentration of 23.7 pCi/g, identified elevated risk levels along three sampling areas in the Lower Three Runs tail portion. On January 5, 2012, it was agreed by the core team that a Removal Action in the Lower Three Runs tail was to be conducted for the identified soil/sediment locations in the three identified areas that exceed the 1 x 10{sup -4} risk (23.7 pCi/g) for the adolescent trespasser receptor. The addition of Land Use Controls following the Removal Action was appropriate to protect human health and the environment. A systematic screening matrix was initiated at the identified hot spots (i.e., sampling points with Cs-137 activities greater than 23.7 pCi/g) to identify the limits of the excavation area. Sediment/soil within the defined removal areas would be excavated to the depth necessary to achieve the cleanup goal and disposed of in a CERCLA Off-Site Rule approved disposal facility. It was agreed that this removal action would adequately reduce the volume of available Cs-137 in the Lower Three Runs tail and consequently residual activities of the Cs-137 would decay over time reducing the amount of Cs-137 available in the tail which would curtail risk. The Land Use Controls consist of installation of an additional seven miles of fencing at major road crossings, utility easements, and at areas that showed a higher probability of access. In addition, signs were placed along the entire SRS perimeter of the Lower Three Runs tail approximately every 200 feet. Sign posts included both a No Trespassing sign and a Contaminant Warning sign. The project initiated a subcontract for both the removal action and the installation of fencing and signs on May 1, 2012. All field activities were completed

Freeman, Candice [Department of Energy- Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)] [Department of Energy- Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States); Bergren, Christopher; Blas, Susan; Kupar, James [Area Completion Projects, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (United States)] [Area Completion Projects, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

file://G:\mydocs\Coal\Distribution\2003\distable2.HTML  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 (Thousand Short Tons) Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alabama 5,156 - 5,156 Argentina 345 - 345 Belgium 387 - 387 Brazil 1,825 - 1,825 Bulgaria 363 - 363 Egypt 477 - 477 Germany 167 - 167 Italy 87 - 87 Netherlands 399 - 399 Spain 198 - 198 Turkey 551 - 551 United Kingdom 359 - 359 Kentucky 1,449 - 1,449 Canada 566 - 566 France 104 - 104 Iceland 53 - 53 Italy 139 - 139 Netherlands 268 - 268 Norway 14 - 14 United Kingdom 304 - 304 Pennsylvania 476 8,251 8,820 Australia - 81 81 Belgium - 188 188 Brazil 85 - 87 Canada 203 6,622 6,893 Costa Rica - 40 40 Denmark - 184 184 Dominican Republic - 19 20 France - 193 193 Germany 89 - 89 Ireland - 148 148 Jamaica - 36 36 Morocco - 172 172 Netherlands 99 248 355 Peru - - 12 Portugal - 321 321 Venezuela - - 2 Virginia 4,786

417

Plant Molecular Biology 28: 847-858, 1995. 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium. 847  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 May 1995 Key words: Nicotiana alata, repetitive DNA, self-incompatibility, S-RNase gene Abstract stylar products of the self-incompatibility (S) locus, were isolated and sequenced. Analysis of genomic are also present in other members of the Nicotianae. Introduction Self-incompatability is a mechanism used

418

Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 83: 171180, 1997. 171 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in Belgium.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accepted: January 14, 1997 Key words: within-plant heterogeneity, tent caterpillars, temperature, circular spin silk tents within they will feed until pupation. Distribution of tents in the field, their effect-plant tent orientation was related to the sun-shade pattern experienced, which was the main effect

Alonso, Conchita

419

IODE 50th Anniversary International Conference Lige, Belgium, 2122 March 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature and Salinity Profile Programme C.Sun, N.Hall, M.Hamilton & M.Chen U.S. National Oceanographic Data data and information base of ocean temperature and salinity profile data. · Implement data flow real-time data sets three times a week. · Update the best copy data sets once a month. · Distribute

420

Equivocal effects of offshore wind farms in Belgium on soft substrate epibenthos and fish assemblages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore wind farms are often built in typical sandy, soft sediment habitats. Since the start of offshore wind farm construction in Europe, a number of studies ... benthopelagic fish in the direct vicinity of the...

Sofie Vandendriessche; Jozefien Derweduwen; Kris Hostens

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Radiation exposure and cause specific mortality among nuclear workers in belgium (1969?1994)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......051 1,327,479 3,481,088 Average cumulative dose (mSv) 13.5 5.5 (median) 25.7 - 36.6 a Hanford, Rocky Flats, ORNL, Sellafield, UKAEA and AWE, AECL Following this first combined analysis, the IARC set up a broad multi-centre......

H. Engels; G. M. H. Swaen; J. Slangen; L. van Amersvoort; L. Holmstock; E. Van Mieghem; I. Van Regenmortel; A. Wambersie

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Radiation exposure and cause specific mortality among nuclear workers in belgium (1969?1994)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......13.5 5.5 (median) 25.7 - 36.6 a Hanford, Rocky Flats, ORNL, Sellafield, UKAEA and AWE, AECL Following this...several specific interviews with occupational medicine and safety supervisors did not suggest a systematic correlation between......

H. Engels; G. M. H. Swaen; J. Slangen; L. van Amersvoort; L. Holmstock; E. Van Mieghem; I. Van Regenmortel; A. Wambersie

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

IEC documents IEC documents IEC documents The U.S. Department of Energy has longstanding cooperative arrangements with foreign governments and international organizations in all areas of its mission - energy supply and security, science and technology, non-proliferation, and the environment, including promoting clean energy technologies to address climate change. The Department has over one hundred active commitments with 70-plus countries and 11 international organizations. Through this site, you can search and access the Department's library of active and historic (expired) commitments. Country or International Organization Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Canada CERN Chile China Colombia Costa Rica CSLF

424

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

to entering the facility. To accomplish this depressurization, the hydrogen in the tanks is vented down to 600 psi. The hydrogen removed from the vehicle is ultimately vented...

425

Sustainable Development in Costa Rica: A Moral Geography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

159 Vb.i. Payments for Environmental Services 180 Vb.ii. Ecotourism 186 Vb.iii. Bioprospecting..., ecotourism, bioprospecting and payments for environmental services, are good and desirable? What is really progressive and beneficial about these practices and why should we bother to score good marks in the United Nations? Human Development Index...

Herrera Rodriguez, Mauricio

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Acculturation in International Development: The Peace Corps in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In its thirty years of service, the Peace Corps has acquired a well founded international reputation for successful grassroots development assistance through the unpretentious lifestyle of American individuals living ...

Tsatsoulis-Bonnekessen, Barbara

1994-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

427

Income Inequality and Mortality: The Costa RIcan Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecological models in Chapter 3, unemployment was associated with lower infectious disease and motor vehicle

Modrek, Sepideh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Electronic energy-level structure, correlation crystal-field effects, and f-f transition intensities of Er{sup 3+} in Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of 1{percent} Er{sup 3+}-doped Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9} were grown using the Bridgman technique. From highly resolved polarized absorption spectra measured at 10 and 16 K, and upconversion luminescence and excitation spectra measured at 4.2 K, 114 crystal-field levels from 27 {sup 2S+1}L{sub J}(4f{sup 11}) multiplets of Er{sup 3+} were assigned. 111 of these were used for a semiempirical computational analysis. A Hamiltonian including only electrostatic, spin-orbit, and one-particle crystal-field interactions (C{sub 3v}) yielded a root-mean-square standard deviation of 159.8thinspcm{sup {minus}1} and could not adequately reproduce the experimental crystal-field energies. The additional inclusion of two- and three-body atomic interactions, giving a Hamiltonian with 16 atomic and 6 crystal-field parameters, greatly reduced the rms standard deviation to 22.75thinspcm{sup {minus}1}. The further inclusion of the correlation crystal-field interaction {cflx g}{sub 10A}{sup 4} again lowered the rms standard deviation to a final value of 17.98thinspcm{sup {minus}1} and provided substantial improvement in the calculated crystal-field splittings of mainly the J=9/2 or J=11/2 multiplets. However, the calculated baricenter energies of some excited-state multiplets deviate from their respective experimental values, and improvements in the atomic part of the effective Hamiltonian are required to correct this deficiency of the model. On the basis of the calculated electronic wave functions, the 12 electric-dipole intensity parameters (C{sub 3v}) of the total transition dipole strength were obtained from a fit to 95 experimental crystal-field transition intensities. The overall agreement between experimental and calculated intensities is fair. The discrepancies are most likely a result of using the approximate C{sub 3v} rather than the actual C{sub 3} point symmetry of Er{sup 3+} in Cs{sub 3}Lu{sub 2}Cl{sub 9} in the calculations. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Luethi, S.R.; Guedel, H.U. [Departement fuer Chemie und Biochemie, Universitaet Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3000 Bern 9 (Switzerland)] [Departement fuer Chemie und Biochemie, Universitaet Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3000 Bern 9 (Switzerland); Hehlen, M.P. [Optical Sciences Laboratory, The University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)] [Optical Sciences Laboratory, The University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States); Quagliano, J.R. [Chemical Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail stop E543, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Chemical Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail stop E543, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Global analysis of data on the spin-orbit-coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of Cs{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present experimentally derived potential curves and spin-orbit interaction functions for the strongly perturbed A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of the cesium dimer. The results are based on data from several sources. Laser-induced fluorescence Fourier transform spectroscopy (LIF FTS) was used some time ago in the Laboratoire Aime Cotton primarily to study the X {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} state. More recent work at Tsinghua University provides information from moderate resolution spectroscopy on the lowest levels of the b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub 0u}{sup {+-}} state as well as additional high-resolution data. From Innsbruck University, we have precision data obtained with cold Cs{sub 2} molecules. Recent data from Temple University was obtained using the optical-optical double resonance polarization spectroscopy technique, and finally, a group at the University of Latvia has added additional LIF FTS data. In the Hamiltonian matrix, we have used analytic potentials (the expanded Morse oscillator form) with both finite-difference (FD) coupled-channel and discrete variable representation (DVR) calculations of the term values. Fitted diagonal and off-diagonal spin-orbit functions are obtained and compared with ab initio results from Temple and Moscow State universities.

Bai, Jianmei; Ahmed, E. H.; Beser, B.; Guan, Y.; Kotochigova, S.; Lyyra, A. M.; Ashman, S.; Wolfe, C. M.; Huennekens, J.; Xie, Feng; Li, Dan; Li, Li; Tamanis, M.; Ferber, R.; Drozdova, A.; Pazyuk, E.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Danzl, J. G.; Naegerl, H.-C.; Bouloufa, N. [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 (United States); Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Department of Physics and Key Lab of Atomic and Molecular Nanoscience, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Laser Center, Department of Physics, University of Latvia, 19 Rains Blvd., Riga LV-1586 (Latvia); Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, GSP-2 Leninskie gory 1/3, Moscow RU-119992 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik und Zentrum fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Heavy element radionuclides (Pu, Np, U) and {sup 137}Cs in soils collected from the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory and other sites in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The isotopic composition of Pu in soils on and near the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) has been determined in order to apportion the sources of the Pu into those derived from stratospheric fallout, regional fallout from the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and facilities on the INEEL site. Soils collected offsite in Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming were collected to further characterize NTS fallout in the region. In addition, measurements of {sup 237}Np and {sup 137}Cs were used to further identify the source of the Pu from airborne emissions at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) or fugitive releases from the Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) in the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC). There is convincing evidence from this study that {sup 241}Am, in excess of that expected from weapons-grade Pu, constituted a part of the buried waste at the SDA that has subsequently been released to the environment. Measurements of {sup 236}U in waters from the Snake River Plain aquifer and a soil core near the ICPP suggest that this radionuclide may be a unique interrogator of airborne releases from the ICPP. Neptunium-237 and {sup 238}Pu activities in INEEL soils suggest that airborne releases of Pu from the ICPP, over its operating history, may have recently been overestimated.

Beasley, T.M.; Rivera, W. Jr. [Dept. of Energy, New York, NY (United States). Environmental Measurements Lab.; Kelley, J.M.; Bond, L.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Liszewski, M.J. [Bureau of Reclamation (United States); Orlandini, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Crystal structure of diprotonated cesium decavanadate tetrahydrate Cs/sub 4/(H/sub 2/V/sub 10/O/sub 2//sup 8/) x 4H/sub 2/O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The synthesis of Cs/sub 4/ (H/sub 2/V/sub 10/O/sub 28/) x 4H/sub 2/O has been carried out, and its crystal structure has been determined. The structural units of the crystal are centrosymmetric decavanate isopoly anions (IPA's), cesium cations, and water molecules. Each isopoly anion is joined to four neighbors by means of hydrogen bonds between the O(1) and O(2) atoms, which form bridges between two metal atoms (O... O = 2.613 A). The layers thus formed are joined to one another by H bonds with the participation of H/sub 2/O molecules (O...O = 2.72-2.79 A) and cesium cations. The fact that the isopoly anions are protonated at the ..mu../sub 2/ -bridging O(1) atom (the formation of an OH group) is confirmed by the elongation of the V-O(1) bonds (on the average of 1.970 A) in comparison to the analogous V-O(2) bonds (with a mean length of 1.850 A). The calculation of the bond valences of all the O(IPA) atoms reveals a significant shortage of bond valences on the O(1) atoms (S = 1.33 as opposed to the ideal value S = 2; the range of values of S for the remaining O(IPA) atoms extends from 1.78 to 2.07). Thus the calculation of the bond valences of the O atoms also attests to the localization of a proton on the O(1) atom. The results of the investigation have been compared to the literature data on other decavanadate anions.

Tat'yanina, I.V.; Sergienko, V.S.; Zabolotskikh, A.V.; Torchenkova; E.A.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Structural and conductivity studies of CsKSO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} and Rb{sub 1.25}K{sub 0.75}SO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structures of the title compounds were solved using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. At room temperature CsKSO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} was found to crystallize in the monoclinic system with Pn space group and lattice parameters: a=12.5463(6)A; b=6.5765(2)A; c=12.6916(7)A; {beta}=106.53(2){sup o}; V=1003.914(4)A{sup 3}; Z=4 and D{sub calc.}=3.29g/cm{sup 3}. The structural refinement has led to a reliability factor of R{sub 1}=0.0284 (wR{sub 2}=0.064) for 7577 independent reflections. Rb{sub 1.25}K{sub 0.75}SO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} material possesses a monoclinic structure with space group P2{sub 1}/a and cell parameters: a=11.3411(6)A; b=6.5819(2)A; c=13.5730(8)A; {beta}=106.860(10){sup o}; V=969.62(10)A{sup 3}; Z=4 and D=3.16(3)g/cm{sup 3}. The residuals are R{sub 1}=0.0297 and wR{sub 2}=0.0776 for 3336 independent reflections. The main interest of these structures is the presence of two different and independent anionic groups (TeO{sub 6}{sup 6-} and SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}) in the same crystal. Complex impedance measurements (Z*=Z{sup '}-iZ{sup '}') have been undertaken in the frequency and temperature ranges 20-10{sup 6}Hz and 400-600K, respectively. The dielectric relaxation is studied in the complex modulus formalism M*.

Chabchoub, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences de Sfax, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)]. E-mail: nizar_chabchoub@yahoo.fr; Darriet, J. [Institut de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux, ICMCB-CNRS, 33608 Pessac cedex (France); Khemakhem, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences de Sfax, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Electronic Transitions of CsC2, CsC2 -, and CsC4 in Neon Matrixes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal carbides,6-12 AlCn,13-16 and transition-metal carbides17-19 have been studied by theoretical of transition-metal carbides,22-24 lanthanide carbides,25 and Al2C2 -26 produced by laser ablation. Introduction Metal carbides are materials of technological importance. They also occur in extraterrestrial

Maier, John Paul

434

Export.gov - CS Japan top page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

日本企業の皆様へ 日本企業の皆様へ Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Japan Local Time in Japan: Print | E-mail Page Japan Japan Home Recent Events Coming Events Other News & Events New Market Alert Services: Nuclear Decontamination in Fukushima Prefecture Forum Select USA Doing Business in Japan Services for U.S. Companies Business Services Providers Links Frequently Asked Questions Internship Program Contact Us

435

New Trends in CS Embodiment from Engineer's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computer system. #12;4 Embodiment · Embodiment is a kind of postcognitivism which concentrate · Imagine two different bodies, e.g. humanoid robot and two wheeled gear robot #12;6 The key idea in the same mechanism of representation · postcognitivists would expect totally different systems implementing

Lucny, Andrej

436

CS229 Lecture notes Supervised learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portland, Oregon: Living area (feet2 ) Price (1000$s) 2104 400 1600 330 2400 369 1416 232 3000 540 of supervised learning problems. Suppose we have a dataset giving the living areas and prices of 47 houses from ... ... We can plot this data: 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700

Kosecka, Jana

437

Photovoltaic cell with thin CS layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved photovoltaic panel and method of forming a photovoltaic panel are disclosed for producing a high efficiency CdS/CdTe photovoltaic cell. The photovoltaic panel of the present invention is initially formed with a substantially thick Cds layer, and the effective thickness of the CdS layer is substantially reduced during regrowth to both form larger diameter CdTe crystals and substantially reduce the effective thickness of the C This invention was made with Government support under Subcontract No. ZL-7-06031-3 awarded by the Department of Energy. The Government has certain rights in this invention.

Jordan, John F. (El Paso, TX); Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX)

1994-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

CS 537: Software Metrics Students will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements. Demonstrate the knowledge of software metrics. Demonstrate the knowledge of using software the knowledge of statistical analysis in software measurement. Demonstrate the knowledge of developing and calibrating predication systems. Demonstrate the knowledge of developing and maintaining a measurement program

Heller, Barbara

439

welch@cs.unc.edu Gary Bishop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- mounted infrared light-emitting diodes that could be tracked in a one-cubic-meter volume. Beyond the Hi

Fuchs, Henry

440

Simonas Saltenis daisy.cs.aau.dk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

query: Where are the gas stations within five miles of my location? Nearest-neighbor query: Where nearest gas station? Public queries over private data x How many cars in on the E45 north in Aalborg of 5 nearest Toyota maintenance stations? · Location-based advertisement/entertainment: Range query

Kaiserslautern, Universität

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

DIFFUSION OF Na AND Cs IN MONTMORILLONITE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Na-montmorillonite, is used to backfill emplacement tunnels (Nagra...the low permeability of the backfill material inhibits the advective...are retained in the bentonite buffer long enough to let radioactive...minerals. Pp. 19-68 in: Handbook of Clay Science (F. Bergaya...

Georg Kosakowski; Sergey V. Churakov; Tres Thoenen

442

Cold collisions of Rb and Cs atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jamieson,M.J. Sarbazi-Azad,H. 18'th International Conference on Atomic Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA Academic Press

Jamieson, M.J.

443

INFORMATICS www.cs.pdx.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in research successes such as the mapping of human genes, also known as the human genome project. Projects of biology, computer science, informatics and information engineering in order to assist in the management of health and biomedical information. Modern medicine has spawned a new spectrum of interdisciplinary

444

CS514 Fall '00 Numerical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calculations, a 11 = 1 2 , a 12 = a21 = 3 8 , a 22 = 7 24 , b 1 = 0:4634, and b 2 = 0:3526. Note, the hint

Grama, Ananth

445

Cryogenic system for ITER CS model coil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 5-kW/4.5-K helium refrigerator has been developed, which will be used for the test of ITER Central Solenoid Model Coil that is under fabrication by an international collaboration under the framework of the ITER Engineering Design Activity. Its acceptance test was recently finished and its specified refrigeration power of 5 kW with a surplus liquefaction rate of 114 1/h was demonstrated. A major feature of the refrigerator is that newly developed components, such as helium compressor and turbo-expander, are adopted in its simple refrigeration process in order that the results will be transferred to the ITER helium cryogenic system.

Kato, T.; Hamada, K.; Kawano, K.; Hiyama, T. [JAERI, Naka Fusion Research Establishment, Nada-machi, Nada-gun, Ibaraki-ken (Japan)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Spring 2006 CS 649 1 Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requirements vary · Sample-and-collect: can tolerate errors · Scales to large networks? (cf. GDI report [ZG+04

Amir, Yair

447

CS252/Patterson Graduate Computer Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+: fault isolation and repair, scaling, cost · Clusters -: maintenance, network interface performance (2 failures per day yet available) ­ repair (replace failures weekly/repair offline) ­ Maintenance: 8 · Instruction level parallelism (ILP): ~1985 through today ­ Pipelining ­ Superscalar ­ VLIW ­ Out

California at Berkeley, University of

448

Math/CS 514 Course Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... homework results in a grade of zero for the exam or homework. Homework is to be done independently unless specific instructions are given for collaboration.

449

BS CS/CS/9.2006 College of Natural Sciences Bachelor of Science: Computer Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Integral Calculus * 4 M 408D Sequences, Series & Multivariable Calculus * 4 M 340L Matrices and Matrix

Julien, Christine

450

2008-2010 Catalog / Expires August 2016 BA CS/CS/2.2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Calculus M 408C* + M 408D* *OR M 408K + M 408L + M 408M One additional Math (select from M 341, M 340

Julien, Christine

451

Revise CS 552: Distributed Systems to CS552: Distributed Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Text Book: Real-Time Systems by Jane W.S. Liu, Prentice Hall, 2000 Research papers: Research papers Liu's book 1 #12;­ Resources and resource access control ­ Multiprocessor scheduling, resource access

Heller, Barbara

452

JournalofApplied Phycology 5: 593-604, 1993. 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers.Printed in Belgium. 593  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar energy converters and they can produce a great variety of metabo- lites. Man has always tried, the advantages and disadvantages of open systems and closed photo- bioreactors are discussed. A few open systems-organisms which convert solar energy into chemical energy. Man has used this natural process of harvesting the sun

Laughlin, Robert B.

453

Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 11(1981) 11--27 Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam --Printed in Belgium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Camp Century, Greenland core. Microparticle increases of this magnitude can not be accounted for merely

Howat, Ian M.

454

Real life performance of domestic pellet boiler technologies as a function of operational loads: A case study of Belgium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions and efficiency of three different wood pellet boiler technologies in real life conditions were compared at two different operational loads. The test consortium comprised of one 15, 20 and 32kW boilers equipped with bottom feed burner, one 30kW boiler equipped with top feed burner and one 35kW boiler equipped with horizontal feed burner. The measurements comprised of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx), dust and combustion efficiency. All boilers were fuelled with \\{DINplus\\} certified wood pellets. Emissions and efficiency of each boiler technology varied as a function of operational loads. Magnitude of variations in the emissions and efficiency between nominal load and reduced load was narrow with bottom feed, wider with horizontal feed and was the widest with top feed boiler. At reduced load, top feed boiler had very high CO and dust emissions (5196.0 and 406.4mgNm?3, respectively) which were 3.3 and 17.6 times higher, respectively, than at nominal load. Horizontal feed boiler emitted highest \\{NOx\\} at reduced load (448.5mgNm?3), which was 1.7 times higher than at nominal load. At reduced load, combustion efficiency of all bottom and horizontal feed boilers were 2% of that at nominal load; however, top feed boiler was 17% less efficient. Keeping in mind minor variations in fuel quality, different burner configurations clearly lead to important differences in emissions and efficiencies at different operational loads. In order to minimize pollutants emission and to achieve high efficiency, reduced load operations of pellet boilers should be avoided, especially in case of top feed boilers considered in the present study.

V.K. Verma; S. Bram; F. Delattin; J. De Ruyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics & Belgium Acoustical Society Noise in the Built Environment, Ghent, 29-30 April 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manuscrit auteur, publié dans "Strasbourg 2010: ecological and social innovation - 9th International

456

hal-00633370,version1-18Oct2011 Author manuscript, published in "Chimie et alimentation, Bruxelles : Belgium (2011)"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the most classical rheological models (Newton, Bingham, Ostwald-de Waele, Herschel-Bulkley and Casson

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

457

Wastewater treatment in a compact intensified wetland system at the Badboot: a floating swimming pool in Belgium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Badboot (Dutch for swimming pool boat) is a floating swimming pool located in the city center of Antwerp ... newly built ship that harbours an Olympic size swimming pool, sun decks, locker rooms with showers,...

D. Van Oirschot; S. Wallace; R. Van Deun

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

International Conference on Accelerated Carbonation for Environmental and Materials Engineering April 10-12, 2013 Leuven, Belgium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the accelerated carbonation process to an analysis of the entire sector's life cycle. Through building a GIS assessments of three scenarios for a coal-fired power station ­ without CO2 capture, with CO2 capture

459

Marine and River Dune Dynamics MARID IV 15 & 16 April 2013 -Bruges, Belgium Numerical simulation of turbulent sediment transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulation of turbulent sediment transport O. Durán (1,2) , B. Andreotti (1) , P. Claudin (1) 1. Laboratoire Carolina 27515, USA Abstract Sediment transport is studied by means of two phase numerical simulations to empirical transport laws. The vertical velocities of the grains are small and sediment transport occurs

Claudin, Philippe

460

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

462

Proton induced reactions on naturalU at 62.9 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Double differential cross sections (DDCS) for light charged particles (proton, deuteron, triton, 3He, alpha) and neutrons produced by a proton beam impinging on a 238U target at 62.9 MeV were measured at the CYCLONE facility in Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). These measurements have been performed using two independent experimental set-ups ensuring neutron (DeMoN counters) and light charged particles (Si-Si-CsI telescopes) detection. The charged particle data were measured at 11 different angular positions from 25 degrees to 140 degrees allowing the determination of angle differential, energy differential and total production cross sections.

A. Guertin; S. Auduc; G. Rivire; P. Eudes; F. Haddad; C. Lebrun; T. Kirchner; C. Le Brun; F. R. Lecolley; J. F. Lecolley; M. Louvel; F. Lefebvres; N. Marie; C. Varignon; X. Ledoux; Y. Patin; Ph. Pras; Th. Delbar; A. Ninane; L. Stuttge; F. Hanappe; the GEDEON Collaboration

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

463

New hypodiphosphates of the alkali metals: Synthesis, crystal structure and vibrational spectra of the hypodiphosphates(IV) M{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (M=Rb and Cs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new hypodiphosphates(IV) Rb{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (1) and Cs{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (2) were synthesized by soft chemistry reactions from aqueous solutions of hypophosphoric acid and the corresponding heavy alkali-metal carbonates. Their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both compounds crystallize isotypic in the triclinic space group P-1 with one formula unit in the unit cell. The structures are built up by discrete (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units in staggered conformation for the P{sub 2}O{sub 6} skeleton and the corresponding alkali-metal cations. In the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} ion the hydrogen atoms are in a 'trans-trans' conformation. O{center_dot}H-O hydrogen bonds between the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) groups consolidate the structures into a three-dimensional network. The FT-Raman and {sup 31}P and {sup 1}H and MAS NMR spectra of the title compounds have been recorded and interpreted, especially with respect to their assignment to the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) groups. Thermogravimetric data of 2 have been interpreted in terms of a thermal decomposition model. - Graphical Abstract: The layered compounds Rb{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] and Cs{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] have been synthesized and investigated. Both crystallize isotypic. The structures are built up by discrete (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units and the corresponding alkali-metal cations. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis and single-crystal structure of new alkali hypodiphosphates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structures are characterized by [(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})]{sup 2-} units and M{sup +} cations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units are linked by short hydrogen bonds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both compounds are characterized by {sup 31}P MAS-NMR spectra.

Wu, Peng [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Wiegand, Thomas; Eckert, Hellmut [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie and Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstr. 28/30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie and Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstr. 28/30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Gjikaj, Mimoza, E-mail: mimoza.gjikaj@tu-clausthal.de [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Do Birds Select Habitat or Food Resources? Nearctic-Neotropic Migrants in Northeastern Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- throated Blue Warblers (Setophaga caerulescens) captured in New Hampshire, USA, and Jamaica. During States of America, 3 Redwood Sciences Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. Funding: This project was funded in part

Johnson, Matthew

465

AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the conversion process to sustainable coffee agroforestry.ecological processes necessary for sustainable production asecological processes necessary for sustainable production as

Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Scotland in the Southland: The History of the Costa Mesa ScotsFest, 1932-2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would like to thank Jim and Loraine Booth, Herb Martin, andwhite, red, and yellow Loraine Booth, e-mail message to

Thomson, Erin Ruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambiental na costa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Systems and Robotics, Lisboa Collection: Engineering 3 coleo explorando o ensino o brasil e o meio ambiente antrtico Summary: Dados Internacionais de Catalogao na...

468

Siderophore production by heterotrophic bacterial isolates from the Costa Rica upwelling dome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(cont) An increased understanding of heterotrophic bacterial strategies for acquiring nutrients and trace elements is critical for elucidating their impact on biogeochemical cycling in the ocean. It is estimated that iron ...

Krey, Whitney B. (Whitney Blair)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Real-Options-Based Planning Strategies under Uncertainty Anshuman Gupta and Costas D. Maranas*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opportunities to guide internal planning decisions of a company. This is achieved by applying key financial-range, capacity expansion planning;1,6-8 multi-echelon supply-chain design;9 batch plant design and operation;7, integration of a shaper attitude toward risk, as captured by the us

Maranas, Costas

470

Establishment and Operation of a Biorepository for Molecular Epidemiologic Studies in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on equipment selection, standard operating procedures, and training. Importantly...components of training. On the other...thermometers. Training specific for each standard operating procedure is mandatory for all personnel involved in...

Bernal Corts; Mark Schiffman; Rolando Herrero; Allan Hildesheim; Silvia Jimnez; Katheryn Shea; Paula Gonzlez; Carolina Porras; Greivin Fallas; and Ana Cecilia Rodrguez

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Inferred pore pressures at the Costa Rica subduction zone: implications for dewatering processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to seawater chemistry for selected elements. Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 170 fo- cused on the Middle- standing material properties in the seismogenic zone, growth and deformation of sedimentary prisms, the e

Fisher, Andrew

472

Reforestation using Leucaena Luecocephala, Anacardium Occidentale and Tectona Grandis for Paquera, Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cooking has become so scarce that it is hauled from other areas and sold in Paquera by the piece. The scarcity of fuel wood is also being felt by a local saltwater distillation plant that uses wood-fueled vats to distill saltwater to refined table salt...

Moore, Jane F

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

A hydrothermal seep on the Costa Rica margin: middle ground in a continuum of reducing ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fuelled by sulphide oxidation is the most widespread...sulphide-oxidizing micro-organisms, aerobic...carry out anaerobic oxidation of methane at seeps...other fore-arc seamounts where extensional...capable of sulphur-oxidation. Figure-4...vents: Marianas Back Arc (12) [56]; Hanging...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Texto: Antonio Ruiz Mateo Centro de Estudios de Puertos y Costas CEDEX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renovables, que vienen determinados por el ciclo hidrológico. El valor medio de los recursos hídricos, Estados Unidos, China e India) y cinco grandes ríos acaparan el 27% de dichos recursos renovables, que puede considerarse como una fuente no convencional de recursos renovables. En resumen, los

Espigares, Tíscar

475

Maternal employment, sibling sex, and sex-role differentiation in Costa Rican preschoolers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, California: Stanford U. Press, 1966. Maccoby, E. E. , & Jacklin, C. N. The svcholo of sex differences. Palo Alto, California: Stanford U. Press, 1974. Marantz, S. A. , & Mansfield, A. F. Maternal employment and the develop- ment of sex-role stereotyping... rearin Palo Alto, California: Stanford U. Press, 1965. Seegmiller, B. R. Sex-role differentiation in preschoolers: Effects of maternal employment. The Journal of Ps cholo , 1980, 104, 185-189. Slaby, R. G. Personal communication to E. E. Maccoby and C...

Kriebel-Coronado, Anna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

476

Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Awarded by Universidad Nacional, Heredia, 2012 For his work in promoting his field of research in solar energy TRIL Fellow 2009-2012 ICTP Associate 1995-2007 #12;} Joseph C. Varilly ICTP Associate 1998 produce?, Heredia, 2011 #12;} With Colegio de Físicos, 2010 Fondo Mexico-Centro America y el Caribe para

477

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of three prototype fuel cell-powered transit buses operating at AC Transit in Oakland, California, and six baseline diesel buses similar in design to the fuel cell buses.

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Interregional "Landscapes of Movement" and the La Unin Archaeological District of Northeastern Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to John Hoopes in 2009, and by a KU-UCR Partnership Award to John Hoopes, Silvia Salgado, Steven Bozarth, and Guaria Crdenes in 2010 that supported ongoing archaeological field research, including reconnaissance, mapping, and excavations at Nuevo... with Road and Path Features in the Central Region..7 Figure 3: Study Area Map....9 Figure 4: The Circum-Caribbean World....38 Figure 5: Map of Isthmo-Colombian Subareas..46 Figure 6...

Benfer, Adam Kevin

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

BOUNDED RATIONALITY: MODELS FOR SOME FAST AND FRUGAL HORACIO ARL O COSTA AND ARTHUR PAUL PEDERSEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the utility of each alternative, and thereupon selecting the optimal option with respect to expected utility]. Yet by paying undivided attention to the heuristics used by real agents, a very influential line

Spirtes, Peter

480

Hillslope Hydrological Processes in a Costa Rican Rainforest: Water Supply Partitioning Using Isotope Tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems in many rural areas. In this study, stable isotope tracing of ?^(18)O and ?D was used to determine the source of water in a stream, and the relative contributions of water budget components (e.g., groundwater, soil water). Samples were collected...

DuMont, Andrea Lyn

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "belgium cs costa" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

feasibility studies for the most productive projects. The final product will include an atlas illustrating key climate and energy indicators and cost-effective low carbon projects....

482

Predicting mortality with biomarkers: a population-based prospective cohort study for elderly Costa Ricans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as dynamometers, sphygmomanometers, chronometers, ormain interview with a digital sphygmomanometer. Systolic BP,with a digital sphygmomanometer. Group 3. Metabolic-lipids

Rosero-Bixby, Luis; Dow, William H

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

SOCIAL NORMS, RATIONAL CHOICE AND BELIEF CHANGE HORACIO ARL O-COSTA AND ARTHUR PAUL PEDERSEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

external social norms play in choice. Amartya Sen has argued in [Sen93] that the traditional [Ric66, Ric71], Paul Samuelson [Sam38, Sam47], and Amartya Sen [Sen70, Sen71] has occupied a central of social norms. Sen's more recent work [Sen96, Sen97] proposes how one might represent social norms

Spirtes, Peter

484

The distribution of dams in Costa Rica and their hydrologic impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dam construction has increased exponentially over the past century, primarily in temperate environments. While the impacts of dams in temperate regions have been well-documented, a parallel level of research on dam impacts has not been achieved...

Laurencio, Laura Richards

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - alameda-contra costa transit Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PON-09-006 including the ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Orange County Undergraduate Scholarships The...

486

SYNGONIUM ODUBERI (ARACEAE): A NEW SPECIES FROM THE OSA PENINSULA OF COSTA RICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only once, in Corcovado National Park, in the hills above Llorona (83042' W; 8035' S), in wet forest

Ray, Thomas S.

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - aukland pedro moura-costa Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

16 48049 NUNO MIGUEL VIEGAS DOMINGUES 18 48073 ... Source: Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica - Polo de Lisboa (Institute for Systems and Robotics, Lisbon pole) Portugal...

488

Energy dynamics and modeled evapotranspiration from a wet tropical forest in Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.W. Loeschera, *, H.L. Gholza,b , J.M. Jacobsc , S.F. Oberbauerd,e a School of Forest Resources and Conservation. Surface reflectance (albedo) was w12% of incident solar radiation and did not differ seasonally. Rn Science, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, 321 Richardson Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. Tel

489

Agroforestry system effects on soil characteristics of tropical soils in the Sarapiqui Region of Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) ffnstituto Geografico Nacional, 1975). 17 MATERIALS AND METHODS Characterization of ogroforestry systems The following tropical hardwood species were utilized in the on-farm study: ? Hieronyma alchorneoides Fr. Allemao Family: Euphorbiaceae Common name...) ffnstituto Geografico Nacional, 1975). 17 MATERIALS AND METHODS Characterization of ogroforestry systems The following tropical hardwood species were utilized in the on-farm study: ? Hieronyma alchorneoides Fr. Allemao Family: Euphorbiaceae Common name...

Tornquist, Carlos G.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

490

The agricultural systems and soil loss in the Corredor River Basin, Costa Rica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agricultural systems and to analyse the personal, socio- economic, institutional, and physical factors that accelerate soil erosion and influence the use of conservation practices by farmers. Three hypothesis were formulated: (1) Small farms tend... to be less capital-intensive units than large farms. (2) Small farms employ fewer soil conservation practices than large farms. Q3 Small farms have more soil loss than large farms. To test the hypotheses small and large farms were compared to see how...

Castillo, Roberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

491

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report provides an evaluation of three prototype fuel cell-powered transit buses operating at AC Transit in Oakland, California, and six baseline diesel buses similar in design to the fuel cell buses.

492

Asymmetric quadrilateral shell elements for finite strains , D. Dias-da-Costa+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

´onio Verney Rua Rom~ao Ramalho, 59 7002-554 ´Evora, Portugal +INESC Coimbra Rua Antero de Quental 199, 3000-033 Coimbra Civil Eng. Dept., University of Coimbra Rua Lu´is Reis Santos 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal ·CMAF

Lisbon, University of

493

Entrance/Exit True CS6.0 Treadmills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trainer Flat Bench Dumbbell Rack 110lbs. Mats Gopher Weighted Bar Rack 820 lbs. Dumbbell Rack 1520 lbs & Power Systems Balance Pads Exercise Ball Rack Scale Box Balance Pads BOSU Ball Drinking Fountains Pyramid MultiGym Pulley System Hoist 4Way Neck Weights Belt; Resistance Bands Equipment Rack

494

ESI_CS_Pasco 2.1.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

were questions or concerns, they were fast to react and problem solve." Ron Knapp, Boiler and Refrigeration Supervisor, Pasco Processing case study PASCO PROCESSING Utility...

495

Session: Site assessment (CS4.4) Track: Scientific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in horizontal focus distances. Results: Half hour periods as functions of direction show that the wind speed observed as it was expected. Conclusion: We can measure profiles with a LiDAR both of the mean wind speed, the wind direction, and, with more uncertainty, the momentum flux in vertical scanning mode and simple

496

SF6432-CS (02-01-12) Commercial Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

actions, security clearance history or related information, criminal history, date of birth or age, place of birth, mother's maiden name, race or ethnicity. Notes: One means of...

497

AK01: Unified Copies kamil@cs.berkeley.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copies 2.1 Uncopies An uncopy presumably would copy zero items from the source to destination, perhaps uncopies. 2.2 Simple Copies Simple copies copy the data item at the source and forward

California at Berkeley, University of

498

Suggested Projects CS 6301-005: Language-based Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 3-4 students · Implement and/or prove something interesting in Coq · Worth 30% of grade · Due during finals week (in lieu of final exam) · Deliverables · Written report (5-10 pages) · Coq implementation + 5 minutes Q&A #12;Suggested Project Topics 1) Use Stewart's Software-Defined Networking Coq code

Hamlen, Kevin W.

499

Computer Graphics CS537 The Flying Camera Brothers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and "at point". The "hard part" is to implement the pitch/roll/yaw ops. Each one of them is simply: (i) the viewing coordinate system (u, v, n) is a right handed coordinate system; (ii) the axis n operations amount to changes of the view- ing coordinate system (u , v , n ). For example, pitching "up

Kamberov, George

500

14:46:21 127 CS 4: Lecture 27  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Matlab has strong support for matrix computations. It also has good support for plotting graphs, and it language for supporting interactive numerical mathematics. The "Mat" in Matlab stands for matrix and Java. - Matlab has much more support for high-level mathematical operations, like matrix multiplication

California at Berkeley, University of