Sample records for belcher bridgette brown

  1. Friction in Mid-latitude Bob Plant, Stephen Belcher, Bob Beare, Andy Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    Friction in Mid-latitude Cyclones Ian Boutle Bob Plant, Stephen Belcher, Bob Beare, Andy Brown #12;Motivation · Many studies have shown the significance of friction in formation and dissipation of cyclones Dt = + × . F . Diabatic Term: · Surface heat fluxes · Latent heat fluxes Frictional Term

  2. Belcher Homes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation, search Name: Belcher

  3. Sterling A. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidwell, John E.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    13 STERLING A. BROWN We sincerely appreciate Charles Rowell's asking us to write this in- troductory note to Callaloo's special section on Sterling Brown. Several recent studies, symposia, and awards are testaments to a revi- val of critical... interest in Sterling Brown, poet, literary critic, teacher, anthologist, and raconteur. The Collected Poems of Sterling A. Brown (Harper & Row), for example, received the Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize for 1980 from Saturday Review. The Modern Language...

  4. California’s 2012–2013 Budget: Brown’s Budget Gamble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiSarro, Brian; Hussey, Wesley

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gov. Jerry Brown’s new budget plan targets schools. 24Gov. Jerry Brown’s new budget plan targets schools. 25Gov. Jerry Brown’s new budget plan targets schools. 26

  5. BROWN ALGAE Colpomenia sinuosa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Matthew B.

    BROWN ALGAE Colpomenia sinuosa GREEN ALGAE Dictyosphaeria cavernosa Amphiroa fragilissima Gelidiopsis intricata Botryocladia pyriformis RED ALGAE CYANOBACTERIA Oscillitoria acuminata Schizothrix sp. "ALGAE"­ A DIVERSE ASSORTMENT OF LIFE FORMS Photosynthesis is performed by a taxonomically diverse

  6. Brandeis University Brown University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    Institute of Technology McGill University Michigan State University New York University Northwestern University of Kansas University of Maryland, College Park University of Michigan University of MinnesotaBrandeis University Brown University California Institute of Technology Carnegie Mellon University

  7. affects browning susceptibility: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    17 ECOTOXICOLOGY Exposure of Brown Recluse and Brown Widow Spiders (Araneae Renewable Energy Websites Summary: ECOTOXICOLOGY Exposure of Brown Recluse and Brown Widow Spiders...

  8. acquired brown syndrome: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 ECOTOXICOLOGY Exposure of Brown Recluse and Brown Widow Spiders (Araneae Renewable Energy Websites Summary: ECOTOXICOLOGY Exposure of Brown Recluse and Brown Widow Spiders...

  9. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown’s water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sediment management and dredging in lakes. A report based ondredging.conservation efforts and dredging maintenance of Brown’s

  10. Alabama Nuclear Profile - Browns Ferry

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Browns Ferry" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  11. Hanbury Brown and Twiss Effect Anton Kapliy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanbury Brown and Twiss Effect Anton Kapliy March 10, 2009 #12;Robert Hanbury Brown (1916 - 2002 figure: fermionic Helium #12;Partial list of sources ·http://faculty.virginia.edu/austen/HanburyBrownTwiss

  12. The physics of brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilles Chabrier

    1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly outline the physics underlying the mechanical and thermal properties of brown dwarfs, which characterizes their interiors and their atmospheres. We mention the most recent improvements realyzed in the theory of brown dwarfs and the connection with experimental and observational tests of this theory.

  13. Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical & Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    -imaging and -electronics, and superconducting electronics Every faculty member in the Charles L. Brown Department

  14. Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    39 Chapter 2 Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent Light This chapter was previously a theory that allows us #12;40 Hanbury Brown-Twiss Experiment with Coherent Light to construct processes

  15. Molecular Selectivity of Brown Carbon Chromophores. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of strong brown carbon chromophores. Citation: Laskin J, A Laskin, S Nizkorodov, PJ Roach, PA Eckert, MK Gilles, B Wang, HJ Lee, and Q Hu.2014."Molecular Selectivity of Brown...

  16. Relationally-Parametric Polymorphic Contracts Brown University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Relationally-Parametric Polymorphic Contracts Arjun Guha Brown University arjun@cs.brown.edu Jacob are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full

  17. Two Lost Sonnets by Sterling A. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidwell, John E.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TWO LOST SONNETS BY STERLING A. BROWN edited and introduced by John Edgar Tidwell and Ted Genoways The emergence of Sterling A. Brown into poetic maturity resulted from a well- known dialectical engagement with the aesthetics of African...-American folk tradition. As Brown recounted so often, these experiential and imaginative encounters derived from a benevolent conspiracy between his theologian father, the Rev. Sterling Nelson Brown, and the eminent historian Carter G. Woodson to send...

  18. Biosolids and Wildlife Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Biosolids and Wildlife Sally Brown University of Washington People sometimes express concern that while using biosolids for restoration or for forest fertilization can provide the necessary nutrients for plant growth, contaminants in the biosolids can pose a danger to wildlife that will use these treated

  19. Biosolids and Odor Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Biosolids and Odor Sally Brown University of Washington Even those people who regard municipal biosolids as a wonderful resource would be hard pressed to classify their odor as innocuous. For those who question the safety of biosolids, their odor is proof that beneficial use of biosolids is an unsafe

  20. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER

  1. Fermilab Today | Brown University Profile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruaryInThe, 2015 spacer7,,Upcoming4BostonBrown

  2. Review Paper: Brown carbon changes environment, climate | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    brown carbon's impact on environment, climate Brown carbon is an important contributor to air pollution and climate change. A recently published comprehensive review article...

  3. Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes. Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes. Abstract: Sources and chemical composition...

  4. Devin Brown Title: Senior Research Engineer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garmestani, Hamid

    Foundation SBIR review panel, and Brookhaven Center for Functional Nanomaterials proposal review panel Publications J. Davis, D.K. Brown, and W. Henderson, "Fractal electrode formation in metal-insulator composites. of Vacuum Science Technology B, vol. 28, no. 6, Nov.-Dec. 2010, DOI: 10.1116/1.3517701. D.K. Brown, et al

  5. Adaptive Management The U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Authors Byron K. Williams and Eleanor D. Brown Other Contributors Lianne Ball, Ellen Bean, Mary Boatman applications of adaptive management in four thematic areas: climate change, water resources, energy resources Cunningham, Michael Conroy, Scott Conroy, Stan Cook, Robyn Darbyshire, Brean Duncan, Bridgette Flanders

  6. L. A. Brown, M. C. Higuera

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    L. A. Brown, M. C. Higuera Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and L b SANDlA REPORT SAND974017 0 UC-700 Unlimited Release Printed February i 998...

  7. 17 Years of Lithium Brown Dwarfs 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joergens, Viki

    , Graham, ApJ, 428, L57, June. 1994 #12;The First (correct and public) Brown Dwarf: PPl 15 10/21/12Ringberg Dwarf: PPl 15 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 4 We found that the only plausible way to reconcile "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar

  8. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown's water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen Nichole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sediment management and dredging in lakes. A report based ondredging.conservation efforts and dredging maintenance of Brown’s

  9. FIA-12-0009- In the Matter of Cynthia Brown

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cynthia Brown filed an Appeal regarding a request she filed under the Freedom of Information Act. In December 2011, Ms. Brown filed a request for records regarding her late mother.

  10. The Kervaire invariant and surgery theory Edgar H. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravenel, Douglas

    The Kervaire invariant and surgery theory Edgar H. Brown, Jr. Abstract. We give an expository #12;106 Edgar H. Brown, Jr. and normal bundles are given by (M) = {(x, v) MÃ?Rm+k | v is tangent to M

  11. acid brown earth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar Joergens, Viki 57 Orbital migration and the brown dwarf...

  12. acute brown adipose: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar Joergens, Viki 62 Orbital migration and the brown dwarf...

  13. author browne niall: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar Joergens, Viki 63 Orbital migration and the brown dwarf...

  14. Hanbury BrownTwiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Taco D.

    Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect with partially coherent electromagnetic beams Gaofeng Wu1,2 and Taco D fluctuations (the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect) at two points in the same cross section of a random electro; (260.5430) Polarization. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.002561 Ever since Hanbury Brown­Twiss (HBT

  15. Publications of Richard E. Brown Refereed Journal Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2838. Brown, Richard E., and Jonathan G. Koomey. 2003. "Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present-Haggerty, H.Y. Iris Cheung, Jay Taneja, David Culler, and Richard Brown. 2013. "Methods for detailed energy E. Brown, and Brett C. Singer. 2013. "Evaluation of miscellaneous and electronic device energy use

  16. Title Position Holder Increased GPA Student Affairs Dr. Charles Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Dr. Charles Brown Associate Vice President & Dean of Students Dr. Corey King 3 6 15 $4000-10,000 per Dr. Charles Brown Associate Vice President & Dean of Students Dr. Corey King Develop a program. Charles Brown Associate Vice President & Dean of Students Dr. Corey King identify student needs, location

  17. Radial Velocity Variability of Field Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prato, L; Rice, E L; McLean, I S; Kirkpatrick, J D; Burgasser, A J; Kim, S S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present paper six of the NIRSPEC Brown Dwarf Spectroscopic Survey, an analysis of multi-epoch, high-resolution (R~20,000) spectra of 25 field dwarf systems (3 late-type M dwarfs, 16 L dwarfs, and 6 T dwarfs) taken with the NIRSPEC infrared spectrograph at the W. M. Keck Observatory. With a radial velocity precision of ~2 km/s, we are sensitive to brown dwarf companions in orbits with periods of a few years or less given a mass ratio of 0.5 or greater. We do not detect any spectroscopic binary brown dwarfs in the sample. Given our target properties, and the frequency and cadence of observations, we use a Monte Carlo simulation to determine the detection probability of our sample. Even with a null detection result, our 1 sigma upper limit for very low mass binary frequency is 18%. Our targets included 7 known, wide brown dwarf binary systems. No significant radial velocity variability was measured in our multi-epoch observations of these systems, even for those pairs for which our data spanned a significant ...

  18. Update 2-10 Martin J. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    procurement, logistics and travel policy and oversight to the Department. Brown was a Rear Admiral in the Navy from 2004 - 2007 and served as the Competition Advocate General of the Navy and was the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Acquisition Management) for the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research

  19. Event and Meeting Space Brown Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Event and Meeting Space Guide 2011 Brown Garden -Accomodates up to 100 People -Outdoor Location -Accomodates up to 126 people in the pews, and 100 in chairs, totaling 226 people. Farnsworth Pavilion -Accomodates up to 100 People -Also serves as art gallery -Located on the 1st Floor #12;Grand Hall -Accomodates

  20. Brenner Brown Water Science and Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    since 1978 at West Texas Ranchers selling rain, don't you think?" "Sam, long as you've lived in West Texas you ought to know betterBrenner Brown Water Science and Conservation Texas Water Development Board #12;1950 ­ 1957

  1. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: IMPROVED DAYLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF TUBULAR of the camera systems used for luminance mapping. The Western Cooling Efficiency Center kindly agreed to allow. Lighting California's Future: Improved Daylight Performance of Tubular Daylighting Devices. California

  2. Molecular Selectivity of Brown Carbon Chromophores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Sergey; Roach, Patrick J.; Eckert, Peter A.; Gilles, Mary K.; Wang, Bingbing; Lee, Hyun Ji; Hu, Qichi

    2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Complementary methods of high-resolution mass spectrometry and micro-spectroscopy were utilized for molecular analysis of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated from ozonolysis of two structural monoterpene isomers: D-limonene (LSOA) and a-pinene (PSOA). Laboratory simulated aging of LSOA and PSOA, through conversion of carbonyls into imines mediated by NH3 vapors in humid air, resulted in selective browning of the LSOA sample, while the PSOA sample remained white. Comparative analysis of the reaction products in the aged LSOA and PSOA samples provided insights into chemistry relevant to formation of brown carbon chromophores. A significant fraction of carbonyl-imine conversion products with identical molecular formulas were detected in both samples. This reflects the high level of similarity in the molecular composition of these two closely related SOA materials. Several highly conjugated products were detected exclusively in the brown LSOA sample and were identified as potential chromophores responsible for the observed color change. The majority of the unique products in the aged LSOA sample with the highest number of double bonds contain two nitrogen atoms. We conclude that chromophores characteristic of the carbonyl- imine chemistry in LSOA are highly conjugated oligomers of secondary imines (Schiff bases) present at relatively low concentrations. Formation of this type of conjugated compounds in PSOA is hindered by the structural rigidity of the a-pinene oxidation products. Our results suggest that the overall light-absorbing properties of SOA may be determined by trace amounts of strong brown carbon chromophores.

  3. Caribbean House Patrick Brown, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Caribbean House Patrick Brown, Faculty Director Jerry Aviles, Student Director Sonia Nelson, Student Director OVERVIEW The Caribbean House will be a phenomenal experience for everyone, not just the Caribbean culture and demonstrate the beautiful lifestyle that we try to live everyday. There is already

  4. February 1, 2006 Emmett Brown, Executive Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Douglas N.

    February 1, 2006 Emmett Brown, Executive Director National Fresh Water Fishing Hall of Fame P deduce the length of the fish by assuming a height of the angler of 72" and using direct scaling. Even between the distance of the camera to the angler and to the fish. Discounting that distance leads

  5. Where do Biosolids come from? Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Where do Biosolids come from? Sally Brown University of Washington If you have paid any attention to biosolids, either as a farmer, treatment plant worker, or concerned citizen, you will most likely have come across a description of biosolids that is something like this' the nutrient-rich by-product of wastewater

  6. The Formation of Brown Dwarfs as Ejected Stellar Embryos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Reipurth; Cathie Clarke

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We conjecture that brown dwarfs are substellar objects because they have been ejected from small newborn multiple systems which have decayed in dynamical interactions. In this view, brown dwarfs are stellar embryos for which the star formation process was aborted before the hydrostatic cores could build up enough mass to eventually start hydrogen burning. The disintegration of a small multiple system is a stochastic process, which can be described only in terms of the half-life of the decay. A stellar embryo competes with its siblings in order to accrete infalling matter, and the one that grows slowest is most likely to be ejected. With better luck, a brown dwarf would therefore have become a normal star. This interpretation of brown dwarfs readily explains the rarity of brown dwarfs as companions to normal stars (aka the ``brown dwarf desert''), the absence of wide brown dwarf binaries, and the flattening of the low mass end of the initial mass function. Possible observational tests of this scenario include statistics of brown dwarfs near Class 0 sources, and the kinematics of brown dwarfs in star forming regions while they still retain a kinematic signature of their expulsion. Because the ejection process limits the amount of gas brought along in a disk, it is predicted that substellar equivalents to the classical T Tauri stars should be very rare.

  7. FIA-12-0044 - In the Matter of Cynthia Brown | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 - In the Matter of Cynthia Brown FIA-12-0044 - In the Matter of Cynthia Brown Cynthia Brown filed an Appeal regarding a request filed under the Freedom of Information Act. In...

  8. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmstetter, Fred J.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Introgression of Brown Norway Chromosome 1 onto the Fawn Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) and Brown Norway (BN) parent strains with a Brown Norway chromosome 1 substitution on the FHH

  9. Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium on the Brown Seaweed Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Biosorption of Trivalent Chromium on the Brown Seaweed Biomass Y E O U N G - S A N G Y U N , D O N brown alga Ecklonia biomass as a model system. Titration of the biomass revealed that it contains that various biosorbents are able to effectively remove chromium (4-11). Some of the biomass types have

  10. Kinematics of stars and brown dwarfs at birth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Moraux C. Clarke

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use numerical N-body simulations in order to test whether the kinematics of stars and brown dwarfs at birth depend on mass. In particular we examine how initial variations in velocity dispersion can affect the spatial distribution of stellar and substellar objects in clusters. We use 'toy' N-body models of a Pleiades-like cluster in which brown dwarfs have their own velocity dispersion sigma_(V_BD) which is k times larger than the stellar one. We find that in order to match the broad agreement between the brown dwarf fraction in the field and in the Pleiades, the velocity dispersion of brown dwarfs at birth has to be less than twice the stellar velocity dispersion, i.e. cannot exceed a few km/s in the Pleiades cluster. In order to discern more subtle differences between the kinematics of brown dwarfs and stars at birth, our simulations show that we need to look at clusters that are much less dynamically evolved than the Pleiades. One might especially seek evidence of high velocity brown dwarfs at birth by examining spatial distribution of stars and brown darfs in clusters that are about a crossing timescale old.

  11. S. E. Belcher Department of Meteorology, University of Reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    adiabatic, inviscid flow With balance condition, PV can be inverted And so instantaneous PV instantaneous generalisation of vorticity: Function of vorticity and temperature gradient PV useful because: Conserved under dynamics #12;05/26/06 DAMTP Seminar 9 PV view of baroclinic wave as model of mid-latitude cyclone PV

  12. R. Plant and S. Belcher Department of Meteorology,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    layer mixing. · Radiation. Diabatic Heating Mechanisms #12;10 LH due to Resolved Scale Dynamics PV due Ekman pumping... Introduction #12;3 · Measures the effect on the large-scale dynamics of each physical of the initial PV field; · Pi is that part of the current PV field due to the action of each parameterized

  13. Numerical Results on Low Mass Star and Brown Dwarf Multiplicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Delgado-Donate; Cathie Clarke

    2004-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We have undertaken a series of hydrodynamic + N-body simulations in order to explore the properties of young stars. Our results suggest that the IMF may be sensitive to environment in its substellar region, with more brown dwarfs being formed where clusters are denser or more compact. We find that multiple stars are a natural outcome of collapsing turbulent flows, with a high incidence of N > 2 multiples. We find a positive correlation of multiplicity with primary mass but a companion frequency that decreases with age. Binary brown dwarfs are rarely formed, in conflict with observations. Brown dwarfs as companions are predominantly found orbiting binaries or triples at large separations.

  14. Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachter, Lior

    Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution Rat Genome Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality `draft' covering over 90% of the genome

  15. Sociable knots and circles: Charles Brockden Brown's method in fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudgens, Patti Lynn

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STRUCTURES--REFLECTIONS OF EXPERIENCE: EDGAR HUNTLY A LIVING LEGEND--BROWN'S REPRESENTATIVE MAN: ARTHUR MERVYN CONCLUSION SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY VITA ~algae 24 . 41 . 60 82 121 . 126 129 "SOCIABLE KNOTS AND CIRCLES" An historian will form...

  16. accreting brown dwarfs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar Joergens, Viki 49 A resolved outflow of matter from a...

  17. Quiescent X-ray emission from an evolved brown dwarf ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Stelzer

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    I report on the X-ray detection of Gl569Bab. During a 25ksec Chandra observation the binary brown dwarf is for the first time spatially separated in X-rays from the flare star primary Gl569A. Companionship to Gl569A constrains the age of the brown dwarf pair to ~300-800 Myr. The observation presented here is only the second X-ray detection of an evolved brown dwarf. About half of the observing time is dominated by a large flare on Gl569Bab, the remainder is characterized by weak and non-variable emission just above the detection limit. This emission -- if not related to the afterglow of the flare -- represents the first detection of a quiescent corona on a brown dwarf, representing an important piece in the puzzle of dynamos in the sub-stellar regime.

  18. Molecular insights into the niche of harmful brown tides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurch, Louie L. (Louie Lorne)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recurrent brown tide blooms caused by the harmful alga Alureococcus anophagefferens have decimated coastal ecosystems and shellfisheries along the Eastern U.S and South Africa. The exact mechanisms controlling bloom ...

  19. atmospheric brown cloud: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I.; Burrows, Adam 2003-01-01 3 II. Black Carbon, Atmospheric Brown Clouds and Greenhouse Effect: Background CiteSeer Summary: satellite. The optical depth is a good index for...

  20. atmospheric brown clouds: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    I.; Burrows, Adam 2003-01-01 3 II. Black Carbon, Atmospheric Brown Clouds and Greenhouse Effect: Background CiteSeer Summary: satellite. The optical depth is a good index for...

  1. THE UNIVERSITY OF READING Department of Meteorology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    speeds. #12;Acknowledgements I express my thanks to my supervisors, Dr. S. E. Belcher and M. J. Best and guidance given by Prof. K. Browning and Prof. P. Valdes in their direction of this work. Thanks also go

  2. Parallaxes of Brown Dwarfs at USNO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. C. Harris; C. C. Dahn; F. J. Vrba; H. H. Guetter; B. Canzian; A. A. Henden; S. E. Levine; C. B. Luginbuhl; A. K. B. Monet; D. G. Monet; J. R. Pier; R. C. Stone; R. L. Walker

    2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Trigonometric parallaxes have been measured by Dahn et al. (2002) for 28 cool dwarfs and brown dwarfs, including 17 L dwarfs and three T dwarfs. Broadband CCD and near-IR photometry (VRIz*JHK) have been obtained for these objects and for 24 additional late-type dwarfs. These data have been supplemented with astrometry and photometry from the literature, including parallaxes for the brighter companions of ten L and two T dwarfs. The absolute magnitudes and colors are reviewed here. The I-J color and the spectral type are both good predictors of absolute magnitude for late-M and L dwarfs. M_J becomes monotonically fainter with I-J color and with spectral type through late-L dwarfs, then brightens for early-T dwarfs. In contrast, the J-K color correlates poorly with absolute magnitude for L dwarfs. Using several other parameters from the literature (Li detection, H-alpha emission strength, projected rotation velocity, and tangential velocity), we fail to uncover any measurable parameter that correlates with the anomalous J-K color.

  3. Effects of Brown v. Board of Education on the growth of social psychology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, William Howard McKinley

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study probed the effects of Brown v. Board of Education on the growth of social psychology and psychology in general. Brown v. Board of Education, the 1954 landmark case that made segregation illegal and ended the "separate but equal...

  4. Intern experience at Brown & Root, Inc.: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibbee, Stephen Edward, 1951-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    SECTION 3.0 BROWN A ROOT, INC. 14 3.1 GENERAL 15 3.2 ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH 15 3.3 ASSIGNMENTS 56 SECTION 4.0 EXXON CO., USA 102 4.1 GENERAL 103 4.2 ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH 103 4.3 ASSIGNMENTS 112 SECTION 5.0 EVALUATION 128 5.1 GENERAL 129 5... 1 Summary of Work Experience 2 Corporate Structure of Brown & Root 3 Oil and Gas Department Structure 4 Position within the Engineering and Construction Industry 5 Exxon's Division Office Organiza? tional Structure 6 Exxon's District Office...

  5. Commparison of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for bosons and fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Commparison of the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect for bosons and fermions T. Jeltes1 , J. M. Mc-sud, Campus Polytechnique RD 128, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex, France. Fifty years ago, Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT atoms7,8,9,10,11,12,13 . It goes back to the discovery by Hanbury Brown and Twiss1 , that photons

  6. The Hanbury Brown Twiss effect for atomic matter waves Christoph I. Westbrook and Denis Boiron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Hanbury Brown Twiss effect for atomic matter waves Christoph I. Westbrook and Denis Boiron This paper discusses our recent work on developing the matter wave analogs to the Hanbury Brown Twiss light in the famous experiments of Robert Hanbury Brown and Richard Twiss (HBT) [4]. Although the effect

  7. Hanbury BrownTwiss Correlations to Probe the Population Statistics of GHz Photons Emitted by Conductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaçais, Bernard

    Hanbury Brown­Twiss Correlations to Probe the Population Statistics of GHz Photons Emitted of GHz photons in quantum circuits, using Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations. The super The seminal experiment of Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) [1], consisted in two detectors correlating the power

  8. Application of the Hanbury BrownTwiss effect to scattering from quasi-homogeneous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Taco D.

    Application of the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect to scattering from quasi-homogeneous media David: Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect Scattering Born approximation Quasi-homogeneous media Inverse scattering a b scattering media, is studied by the use of the Hanbury Brown­Twiss effect. In particular the two

  9. SOME EFFECTS OF DDT ON THE GUPPY AND THE BROWN TROUT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    399 SOME EFFECTS OF DDT ON THE GUPPY AND THE BROWN TROUT SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC REPORT-FISHERIES Na 399, Daniel H . Janzen, Director SOME EFFECTS OF DDT ON THE GUPPY AND THE BROWN TROUT By Susan Frances King following exposure to DDT .... 6 Results 6 Bioassays with the guppy 6 Bioassays with young brown trout 8 Hi

  10. Toward Systems Biology in Brown Algae to Explore Acclimation and Adaptation to the Shore Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Toward Systems Biology in Brown Algae to Explore Acclimation and Adaptation to the Shore,2 Catherine Boyen,1,2 and Anne Siegel4,5 Abstract Brown algae belong to a phylogenetic lineage distantly siliculosus as a model organism for brown algae has represented a framework in which several omics techniques

  11. Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy · Trend: Cap the brown energy consumption of large electricity consumers (data centers) · CappingCapping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost Kien T. Le Ricardo Bianchini Energy Consumption · Improving efficiency does not promote green energy or guarantee limits on brown

  12. Brown Dwarfs as Ejected Stellar Embryos: Observational Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bo Reipurth; Cathie Clarke

    2002-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a scenario in which brown dwarfs are formed like stars, except that their full collapse phases are interrupted through dynamical interactions in small multiple systems, leading to the ejection of the lightest member. This disintegration is a stochastic process, often resulting in the expulsion of newborn low mass stars, but when it occurs early enough the ejected stellar embryo will be a substellar object. This process may be so common at early ages that a large fraction of the ubiquitous brown dwarfs could have formed in this manner. Detailed gas dynamical simulations are required in order to better understand the details of the decay of small newborn multiple systems. We discuss the observational consequences of the ejection hypothesis, noting especially the importance of binaries with brown dwarf components as an observational test. Finally, we note that brown dwarfs that have recently been ejected may be so disturbed, by infall from the collapsing core and also by heavy accretion from perturbed circumstellar disks, that traditional spectral and luminosity criteria may fail to identify their substellar nature.

  13. GERMANIUM--2001 32.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GERMANIUM--2001 32.1 GERMANIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Domestic survey data and table were prepared. In 2001, the domestic germanium industry consisted of two zinc mining operations in Alaska and Tennessee of germanium was estimated to have remained about the same in 2001. The USGS estimated domestic germanium

  14. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission Elaine Hebert Project Manager Chris Scruton Program Area Lead Buildings Energy End-Use Efficiency Remp ­ City of Chula Vista, California · Larisa Dobriansky ­ National Energy Center for SustainableEdmund G. Brown, Jr. Governor ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN CALIFORNIA: CHULA VISTA

  15. GEORGE E. BROWN, JR. NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grether, Gregory

    , Los Angeles Proposal Writing Guide 1 In he University of California, Los Angeles George E. Brown, Jr that would have occurred for any specified base-level acceleration time history (assuming the properties the completion of testing. Wireless field data acquisition system that efficiently transmits data in wireless

  16. Hydroliquefaction of Big Brown lignite in supercritical fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hui

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Big Brown lignite was liquefied in a fixed bed tube reactor. Three solvents were used in the liquefaction studies, toluene, cyclohexane and methanol. Two co-solvents, tetralin and water were used with toluene. The effects of the solvents and co...

  17. Organizational Chart Michelle H. Brown-Nevers, Ed.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Organizational Chart Michelle H. Brown-Nevers, Ed.D. Associate Vice President Marlene Bruno Manager Operations Maria DeOliveira Administrative Coordinator Associate Vice President #12;Organizational Chart Assistance Programs #12;Organizational Chart Janet Ansert Deputy Registrar Jennifer Wynn Supervisor Grading

  18. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    145 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Keith Cooper Professors Robert Chemistry) Professor James Tour #12;146 DEPARTMENTS / Computer Science Computer science is concerned to produce solutions to real-world computational problems. Computer science is the intellectual discipline

  19. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    135 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Moshe Y. Vardi Professors Science Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusing on algorithms. Computer science is the intellectual discipline underlying information technology, which is widely accepted

  20. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    139 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusingonalgorithms to real-world computational problems. Computer science is the intellectual discipline underlying

  1. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    145 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Keith Cooper Professors Robert Tour researCh Professor Peter Druschel #12;146 Departments/ Computer Science Eight courses for a total Intermediate Programming COMP 280 Mathematics of Computer Science COMP 314 Applied Algorithms and Data

  2. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    141 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing, focusingonalgorithmsTour #12;142 DEPARTMENTS/ Computer Science body of knowledge can be used to produce solutions to real

  3. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    153 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Joe Warren Professors Robert S'Malley with Chemistry Professor James Tour researCh Professor Peter Druschel #12;154 Departments/ Computer Science Six Matrix Analysis Math and Science Courses Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science

  4. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Joe D. Warren Professors Robert S researCh Professor Peter Druschel #12;2 Departments/ Computer Science Six courses for a total of 18 hours Degrees Offered: BA, BSCS, MCS, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers

  5. Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    1 Computer Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Joe Warren Professors Robert S #12;2 Departments/ Computer Science Six courses for a total of 18 hours, required for all majors, MS, and PhD Computer science is concerned with the study of computers and computing

  6. BrownMap: Enforcing Power Budget in Shared Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with outages that reduce the avail- able power or with surges in workload. BrownMap uses automatic VM resizing. 1 Introduction The inevitability of power outages in a power grid due to the complex nature of the grid is slowly being realized [2]. Overloads on the electrical system or natural calamities like storms

  7. Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata Matthew D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata by Matthew D. Brown B.S., Massachusetts by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;Air Traffic Control Using Virtual of Engineering Abstract As air travel has become an essential part of modern life, the air traffic control system

  8. Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne University of Tennessee 107 Ayres Hall high performance computing architectures in the form of distributed memory mul­ tiprocessors have and cost of programming applications to run on these machines. Economical use of high performance computing

  9. Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawick, Ken

    Software Reuse in High Performance Computing Shirley Browne University of Tennessee 107 Ayres Hall high performance computing architectures in the form of distributed memorymul- tiprocessors have become of programming applications to run on these machines. Economical use of high performance computing and subsequent

  10. Novel Dipole Trapped Spheromak Configuration M. R. Brown,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    Novel Dipole Trapped Spheromak Configuration M. R. Brown,1, * C. D. Cothran,1 J. Fung,1 M. J. Schaffer,2 and E. Belova3 We report the observation and characterization of a spheromak formed in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) and trapped in a simple dipole magnetic field. The spheromak is studied

  11. PLEASE JOIN US! NANOSCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY BROWN BAG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PLEASE JOIN US! NANOSCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY BROWN BAG Friday, 7 November 2008 Noon - 1 pm Columbia Meyyappan Chief Scientist for Exploration Technology, NASA Ames Research Center & IEEE Electron Devices Society Distinguished Lecturer presenting Nanotechnology in Chemical and Bio Sensor Systems Abstract

  12. GERMANIUM--1997 32.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GERMANIUM--1997 32.1 GERMANIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. Germaniumisagrayish production, which amounted to slightly less than one-third of the world refinery production in 1997 in 1997. The USGS estimated domestic germanium reserves at 450,000 kilograms (kg), equivalent to 16 years

  13. INDIUM--1997 37.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDIUM--1997 37.1 INDIUM By Robert D. Brown, Jr. There was no known production of indium at domestic mines, and none was recovered from ores in the United States in 1997. Domestic indium production and Rhode Island, were the major producers of indium metal and indium products in 1997. Several smaller

  14. Biosolids and Plants Sally Brown, Ph.D, Associate Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Biosolids and Plants Sally Brown, Ph.D, Associate Professor University of Washington Over the years one of the primary concerns with the safety of land application of biosolids has been how the biosolids will affect plants grown on biosolids amended soils. These concerns are about both the health

  15. Biosolids and Bioaerosols Sally Brown, Ph.D, Associate Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Biosolids and Bioaerosols Sally Brown, Ph.D, Associate Professor University of Washington for people to get sick when they either work with Class B biosolids or live near a site where they are being applied. Class B biosolids have been treated to kill 99% of the fecal coliform bacteria and 10

  16. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. FUEL CELL AND DISTRIBUTED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown, Jr. Governor FUEL CELL AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT Research Program Prepared By: National Fuel Cell Research Center August 2011 CEC-500-2011-042 #12; Prepared By: National Fuel Cell Research Center Project Manager: G. Scott Samuelsen, Ph.D. Authors: Josh

  17. SHORT COMMUNICATION Behaviour of brown bears killing wild ungulates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Behaviour of brown bears killing wild ungulates in the Cantabrian Mountains documentation regarding bear predation on wild ungulates in Southern Europe. We describe search, detection wild boar by a female bear with cubs surprised by a sudden encounter. They did not eat the boar after

  18. ANNOUNCEMENT Project Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) 2006 TRAINING SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    composition, radiative effects and transport of atmospheric aerosols and related atmospheric pollutanANNOUNCEMENT Project Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) 2006 TRAINING SCHOOL Project ABC Science consequences of the haze involve regional and global climate change, impacts on ecosystem, the water cycle

  19. AA Dor - An Eclipsing sdOB - Brown Dwarf Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Rauch

    2003-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    AA Dor is an eclipsing, close, post common-envelope binary consisting of a sdOB primary star and an unseen secondary with an extraordinary small mass - formally a brown dwarf. The brown dwarf may have been a former planet which survived a common envelope phase and has even gained mass. A recent determination of the components' masses from results of NLTE spectral analysis and subsequent comparison to evolutionary tracks shows a discrepancy to masses derived from radial-velocity and the eclipse curves. Phase-resolved high-resolution and high-SN spectroscopy was carried out in order to investigate on this problem. We present results of a NLTE spectral analysis of the primary, an analysis of its orbital parameters, and discuss possible evolutionary scenarios.

  20. Intern experience at Teledyne Brown Engineering: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Walter Edward, 1947-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    -Value Attack and Defense Effectiveness Model MX Missile X NASA National Aeronautics and Space Agency OPUS Optimal Preferential Utilities and Strategies Program OR Operations Research O&S Operations and Support PBV Post Boost Vehicle P.E. Professional... under decentralized management and strong local autonomy. In addition to its main facilities in Huntsville's Cummings Research Park, Teledyne Brown Engineering has branch operations at the Huntsville-Madison County Airport and in California, Colorado...

  1. Engineering internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated: a report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gannaway, Randall Joe, 1952-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A Report by RANDALL JOE GANNAWAY Submitted to the College of Engineering Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree DOCTOR OF ENGINEERING December 1977 Major Subjects Industrial Engineering A Report... e of Engineering) W. Smith (Member) December 1977 A Report on an Engineering Internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated. (December 1977) Randall Joe Gannaway, B.S., Texas A&M University; M.E., Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory...

  2. A review of "Thomas Browne" edited by Kevin Killeen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Joseph L.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    marks an important contribution to the revival of interest in a writer whose work, while long admired, had been largely relegated by the academy to the category of literary curiosity (according to the editors of Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed... unto me at nights till she read them all out” (in Keynes (ed.), Miscellaneous Writings (1931), 295–96). Recent work on book and reading history has made such documents far more interesting than they were once considered, and this (rather dauntingly...

  3. Time resolved spectroscopy of the variable brown dwarf Kelu-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. J. Clarke; C. G. Tinney; S. T. Hodgkin

    2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of observations designed to investigate the spectroscopic signatures of dust clouds on the L2 brown dwarf Kelu-1. Time resolved medium resolution spectra show no significant evidence of variability in the dust sensitive TiO, CrH and FeH bandheads on the timescale of 1--24 hours. We do however report periodic variability in the psuedo-equivelent width of H-alpha consistent with the 1.8 hour rotation period previously reported for this object Clarke, Tinney & Tolley (2002). Near-contemporaneous I-band photometry shows evidence for non-periodic variability at the level of 2%.

  4. Observations on the biology of the smoky brown cockroach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Jerry Lee

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Of these, fresh apple, brown sugar, wet dehydrated potato, and wet powdered milk were most preferred. Seven types of materials were tested for preference by the roach as resting surface sites. In descending order of preference, these were concrete... cockroach had not been reported before 1940 (Gould and Deay 1940a). This study was very scanty in that only a small number of roaches were used. Thus the need existed for an extensive investigation of the:life history of this species. A number of food...

  5. Controlling Brown Stomach Worms in Cattle by Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faries Jr., Floron C.

    2002-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    environment in the stomach for worms. Overcrowding and overgrazing pasture lead to poor nutrition of cattle and to poor sanita- tion. Excess manure and worm larvae contami- nate the pasture. Rain is needed to wash the larvae from the manure onto pasture where.... eggs passed in their manure become a con- tinual source of pasture contamination during the spring if weekly rains occur to wash the larvae from manure. To ensure cattle maintain noneconomic, low levels of brown stomach worms, feed a protein supplement...

  6. Chelsea Brown | Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization of SelectiveBrown Graduate student

  7. Formation of brown carbon via reactions of ammonia with secondary organic aerosols from biogenic and anthropogenic precursors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizkorodov, Sergey

    Formation of brown carbon via reactions of ammonia with secondary organic aerosols from biogenic t aerosols change color from white to brown in pres- ence of ammonia. occurs for a wide range of biogenic and anthropogenic aerosols.

  8. hal-00080649,version2-30Nov2006 Theory for a Hanbury Brown Twiss experiment with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    hal-00080649,version2-30Nov2006 Theory for a Hanbury Brown Twiss experiment with a ballistically there is no interaction between the particles. This fact was clearly demonstrated in the celebrated Hanbury Brown Twiss

  9. The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator for Ag Contamination in Tropical Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Tropical Brown Alga Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley: A Prospective Bioindicator determined in the brown alga Lobophora variegata, using radiotracer techniques. Results indicate that this widely distributed alga could be a useful bioindicator species for surveying silver contamination

  10. Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable or "green" energy. This paper their brown energy consumption and lever- age green energy, while respecting their SLAs and minimizing energy-intensive energy as "brown" energy, in contrast with "green" or renewable energy.) We argue that placing caps

  11. Pollution-induced behavioural effects in the brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    Pollution-induced behavioural effects in the brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) Ross D. Breckels on biodiversity. Thus, it is important to understand the nature of pollution- induced change in aquatic ecosystems. We show that brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) may have evolved in response to chronic pollution

  12. PPl 15: The First Brown Dwarf Spectroscopic Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibor Basri; Eduardo Martin

    1999-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    PPl 15 is the first object to have been confirmed as a brown dwarf by the lithium test (in 1995), though its inferred mass was very close to the substellar limit. It is a member of the Pleiades open cluster. Its position in a cluster color-magnitude diagram suggested that it might be binary, and preliminary indications that it is a double-lined spectroscopic binary were reported by us in 1997. Here we report on the results of a consecutive week of Keck HIRES observations of this system, which yield its orbit. It has a period of about 5.8 days, and an eccentricity of 0.4+/-0.05. The rotation of the stars is slow for this class of objects. Because the system luminosity is divided between 2 objects with a mass ratio of 0.85, this renders each of them an incontrovertible brown dwarf, with masses between 60-70 jupiters. We show that component B is a little redder than A by studying their wavelength-dependent line ratios, and that this variation is compatible with the mass ratio. We confirm that the system has lithium, but cannot support the original conclusion that it is depleted (which would be surprising, given the new masses). This is a system of very close objects which, if they had combined, would have produced a low mass star. We discuss the implications of this discovery for the theories of binary formation and formation of very low mass objects.

  13. PPl 15 The First Brown Dwarf Spectroscopic Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basri, G S; Basri, Gibor; Martin, Eduardo

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PPl 15 is the first object to have been confirmed as a brown dwarf by the lithium test (in 1995), though its inferred mass was very close to the substellar limit. It is a member of the Pleiades open cluster. Its position in a cluster color-magnitude diagram suggested that it might be binary, and preliminary indications that it is a double-lined spectroscopic binary were reported by us in 1997. Here we report on the results of a consecutive week of Keck HIRES observations of this system, which yield its orbit. It has a period of about 5.8 days, and an eccentricity of 0.4+/-0.05. The rotation of the stars is slow for this class of objects. Because the system luminosity is divided between 2 objects with a mass ratio of 0.85, this renders each of them an incontrovertible brown dwarf, with masses between 60-70 jupiters. We show that component B is a little redder than A by studying their wavelength-dependent line ratios, and that this variation is compatible with the mass ratio. We confirm that the system has lith...

  14. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 89, 045137 (2014) Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations of Cooper pairs in helical liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Mahn-Soo

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW B 89, 045137 (2014) Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations of Cooper pairs in helical; published 29 January 2014) We propose a Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment of Cooper pairs on the edge a Hanbury Brown and Twiss (HBT) experiment of Cooper pairs on the edge channels of quantum spin Hall

  15. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2212 Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations across the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2212 Hanbury Brown and Twiss , C. Koller1 , T. Plisson1,4 , T. Schumm1 and J. Schmiedmayer1 * Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations interactions. Hanbury Brown and Twiss correlations can be related to a quantum interference effect reflecting

  16. Rheological properties of water-coal slurries based on brown coal in the presence of sodium lignosulfonates and alkali

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.P. Savitskii; A.S. Makarov; V.A. Zavgorodnii [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev (Ukraine). Dumanskii Institute of Colloid and Water Chemistry

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the oxidized surface of brown coal on the structural and rheological properties of water-coal slurries was found. The kinetics of structure formation processes in water-coal slurries based on as-received and oxidized brown coal was studied. The effect of lignosulfonate and alkali additives on the samples of brown coal was considered.

  17. A very cool brown dwarf in UKIDSS DR1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. Warren; D. J. Mortlock; S. K. Leggett; D. J. Pinfield; D. Homeier; S. Dye; R. F. Jameson; N. Lodieu; P. W. Lucas; A. J. Adamson; F. Allard; D. Barrado y Navascues; M. Casali; K. Chiu; N. C. Hambly; P. C. Hewett; P. Hirst; M. J. Irwin; A. Lawrence; M. C. Liu; E. L. Martin; R. L. Smart; L. Valdivielso; B. P. Venemans

    2007-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    (abridged) We report the discovery of a very cool brown dwarf, ULAS J003402.77-005206.7 (ULAS J0034-00), identified in UKIDSS DR1. We provide optical, near-infrared, and mid-infrared photometry of the source, and two near-infrared spectra. Comparing the spectral energy distribution of ULAS J0034-00 to that of the T8 brown dwarf 2MASS J0415-09, the latest-type and coolest well-studied brown dwarf to date, with Teff~750 K, we find evidence that ULAS J0034-00 is significantly cooler. First, the measured values of the near-infrared absorption spectral indices imply a later classification, of T8.5. Second, the H-[4.49] colour provides an empirical estimate of the temperature of 540

  18. Periodic photometric variability of the brown dwarf Kelu-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. J. Clarke; C. G. Tinney; K. R. Covey

    2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We have detected a strong periodicity of 1.80+/-0.05 hours in photometric observations of the brown dwarf Kelu-1. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the variation is ~1.1% (11.9+/-0.8 mmag) in a 41nm wide filter centred on 857nm and including the dust/temperature sensitive TiO & CrH bands. We have identified two plausible causes of variability: surface features rotating into- and out-of-view and so modulating the light curve at the rotation period; or, elliposidal variability caused by an orbiting companion. In the first scenario, we combine the observed vsin(i) of Kelu-1 and standard model radius to determine that the axis of rotation is inclined at 65+/-12 degrees to the line of sight.

  19. HD 137510: An Oasis in the Brown Dwarf Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Endl; Artie P. Hatzes; William D. Cochran; Barbara McArthur; Carlos Allende Prieto; Diane B. Paulson Eike Guenther; Ana Bedalov

    2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of precise Doppler surveys, which have had stunning success in detecting extrasolar planetary companions, one surprising enigma has emerged: the relative paucity of spectroscopic binaries where the secondary mass lies in between the stellar and planetary mass regime. This gap in the mass function for close-in (a < 3 - 4 AU) companions to solar-type stars is generally referred to as the ``Brown Dwarf Desert''. Here we report the detection of a companion to HD 137510 (G0IV), with a minimum mass of 26 M_Jupiter, moving in an eccentric orbit (e=0.4) with a period of 798 days and an orbital semimajor axis of 1.85 AU. The detection is based on precise differential radial velocity (RV) data obtained by the McDonald Observatory and Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg planet search programs.

  20. HD 137510: An Oasis in the Brown Dwarf Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endl, M; Cochran, W D; McArthur, B; Allende-Prieto, C; Günther, D B; Bedalov, A; Endl, Michael; Hatzes, Artie P.; Cochran, William D.; Arthur, Barbara Mc; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Guenther, Diane B. Paulson Eike; Bedalov, Ana

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the beginning of precise Doppler surveys, which have had stunning success in detecting extrasolar planetary companions, one surprising enigma has emerged: the relative paucity of spectroscopic binaries where the secondary mass lies in between the stellar and planetary mass regime. This gap in the mass function for close-in (a < 3 - 4 AU) companions to solar-type stars is generally referred to as the ``Brown Dwarf Desert''. Here we report the detection of a companion to HD 137510 (G0IV), with a minimum mass of 26 M_Jupiter, moving in an eccentric orbit (e=0.4) with a period of 798 days and an orbital semimajor axis of 1.85 AU. The detection is based on precise differential radial velocity (RV) data obtained by the McDonald Observatory and Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg planet search programs.

  1. Hanbury-Brown--Twiss analysis in a solvable model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertsch, G.F.; Danielewicz, P.; Herrmann, M. (Institute for Nuclear Theory, HN-12, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Physics Department, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Department of Physics and Astronomy and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis of meson correlations by Hanbury-Brown--Twiss interferometry is tested with a simple model of meson production by resonance decay. We derive conditions which should be satisfied in order to relate the measured momentum correlation to the classical source size. The Bose correlation effects are apparent in both the ratio of meson pairs to singles and in the ratio of like to unlike pairs. With our parameter values, we find that the single particle distribution is too distorted by the correlation to allow a straightforward analysis using pair correlation normalized by the singles rates. An analysis comparing symmetrized to unsymmetrized pairs is more robust, but nonclassical off-shell effects are important at realistic temperatures.

  2. Brown Bag Lunch Tuesday, October 23, 12:15-1:15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown Bag Lunch Tuesday, October 23, 12:15-1:15 Open Access: How does it impact teaching Campbell, Kathleen MacKenzie, Glenna Quinn Open Access has been both hailed as the answer to unrestricted

  3. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature12771 Efficient ethanol production from brown macroalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Asteromyces cruciatus4 . The genomic integration and overexpression of the gene encodingthis transporter not contain lignin, simple biorefinery processes such as milling, leaching and extraction can separate sustainable food production13 (see Supplementary Discussion for a brown macroalgae biorefinery description

  4. The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Introduction to Engineering Computation · STAT 310 Probability and Statistics · STAT 410 Introduction246 Statistics The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD Course engineering, computational and applied mathematics, managerial studies, mathematics, political science

  5. The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Introduction to Engineering Computation · STAT 310 Probability and Statistics · STAT 410 Introduction253 Statistics The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD Course engineering, computational and applied mathematics, managerial studies, mathematics, political science

  6. Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere C. Derksen & S. L. Smith & M. Sharp & L. Brown &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere C. Derksen & S. L. Smith & M. Sharp & L. Brown-mail: Chris.Derksen@ec.gc.ca S. L. Smith :J. Bourgeois Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada

  7. Two Writers Sharing: Sterling A. Brown, Robert Frost, and In "Dives's Dive"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidwell, John E.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Two writers sharing: Sterling A. Brown, Robert Frost, and "in dives' dive Tidwell, John Edgar African American Review; Fall 1997; 31, 3; Pro...

  8. HIST 462: The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Gregory Brown; gbrown@unlv.nevada.edu; 8954181

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    HIST 462: The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Gregory Brown; gbrown@unlv.nevada.edu; 8954181. Dubois, 317 348 13. Nov 22, 24 The Napoleonic State: An End to Revolution? a. Popkin 107 134/ Doyle

  9. Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    ) environmental engineering (air and water quality, transport theory, modeling, and energy) (2) hydrology) urbaninfrastructureandmanagement(transportationsystems,complex urban systems, soil mechanics, engineering economics, management1 Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Pedro J. J

  10. 40 Figure 9: Folded, brown weathering carbonate in purple and green slates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    ;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;40 Figure 9: Folded, brown weathering carbonate in purple and green slates. Figure 10: dismembered folds of brown weathering sandy carbonate and light weathering arenite in purple, green and gray slates. #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;58 Figure 14: Color laminated slate

  11. Ontogeny of brown adipose tissue from Angus and Brahman fetal calves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Melissa Dawn

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Nutrition ONTOGENY OF BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE FROM ANGUS AND BRAHMAN FETAL CALVES A Thesis by MELISSA DAWN KING Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... Subject: Nutrition ABSTRACT Ontogeny of Brown Adipose Tissue from Angus and Brahman Fetal Calves. (December 1997) Melissa Dawn King, B. A. , The University of Texas at Austin Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Stephen Smith Bos indicus calves...

  12. Baghouse Slipstream Testing at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jason Laumb; Robert Jensen; Jeffery Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Brandon Pavlish; Stanley Miller; Lucinda Hamre

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Performing sorbent testing for mercury control at a large scale is a very expensive endeavor and requires months of planning and careful execution. Even with good planning, there are plant limitations on what operating/design parameters can be varied/tested and when. For parameters that cannot be feasibly tested at the full scale (lower/higher gas flow, different bag material, cleaning methods, sorbents, etc.), an alternative approach is used to perform tests on a slipstream unit using flue gas from the plant. The advantage that a slipstream unit provides is the flexibility to test multiple operating and design parameters and other possible technology options without risking major disruption to the operation of the power plant. Additionally, the results generated are expected to simulate full-scale conditions closely, since the flue gas used during the tests comes directly from the plant in question. The Energy & Environmental Research Center developed and constructed a mobile baghouse that allows for cost-effective testing of impacts related to variation in operating and design parameters, as well as other possible mercury control options. Multiple sorbents, air-to-cloth ratios, bag materials, and cleaning frequencies were evaluated while flue gas was extracted from Big Brown when it fired a 70% Texas lignite-30% Powder River Basin (PRB) blend and a 100% PRB coal.

  13. Fingering convection and cloudless models for cool brown dwarf atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tremblin, P; Mourier, P; Baraffe, I; Chabrier, G; Drummond, B; Homeier, D; Venot, O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work aims to improve the current understanding of the atmospheres of brown dwarfs, especially cold ones with spectral type T and Y, whose modeling is a current challenge. Silicate and iron clouds are believed to disappear at the photosphere at the L/T transition, but cloudless models fail to reproduce correctly the spectra of T dwarfs, advocating for the addition of more physics, e.g. other types of clouds or internal energy transport mechanisms. We use a one-dimensional (1D) radiative/convective equilibrium code ATMO to investigate this issue. This code includes both equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium chemistry and solves consistently the PT structure. Included opacity sources are H2-H2, H2-He, H2O, CO, CO2, CH4, NH3, K, Na, and TiO, VO if they are present in the atmosphere. We show that the spectra of Y dwarfs can be accurately reproduced with a cloudless model if vertical mixing and NH3 quenching are taken into account. T dwarf spectra still have some reddening in e.g. J - H compared to cloudless mode...

  14. Astrometry and Photometry for Cool Dwarfs and Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. C. Dahn; H. C. Harris; F. J. Vrba; H. H. Guetter; B. Canzian; A. A. Henden; S. E. Levine; C. B. Luginbuhl; A. K. B. Monet; D. G. Monet; J. R. Pier; R. C. Stone; R. L. Walker; A. J. Burgasser; J. E. Gizis; J. D. Kirkpatrick; J. Liebert; I. N. Reid

    2002-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Trigonometric parallax determinations are presented for 28 late type dwarfs and brown dwarfs, including eight M dwarfs with spectral types between M7 and M9.5, 17 L dwarfs with spectral types between L0 and L8, and three T dwarfs. Broadband photometry at CCD wavelengths (VRIz) and/or near-IR wavelengths (JHK) are presented for these objects and for 24 additional late-type dwarfs. Supplemented with astrometry and photometry from the literature, including ten L and two T dwarfs with parallaxes established by association with bright, usually HIPPARCOS primaries, this material forms the basis for studying various color-color and color-absolute magnitude relations. The I-J color is a good predictor of absolute magnitude for late-M and L dwarfs. M_J becomes monotonically fainter with I-J color and with spectral type through late-L dwarfs, then brightens for early-T dwarfs. The combination of zJK colors alone can be used to classify late-M, early-L, and T dwarfs accurately, and to predict their absolute magnitudes, but is less effective at untangling the scatter among mid- and late-L dwarfs. The mean tangential velocity of these objects is found to be slightly less than that for dM stars in the solar neighborhood, consistent with a sample with a mean age of several Gyr. Using colors to estimate bolometric corrections, and models to estimate stellar radii, effective temperatures are derived. The latest L dwarfs are found to have T_eff ~ 1360 K.

  15. The Decay of Accreting Triple Systems as Brown Dwarf Formation Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Umbreit; Andreas Burkert; Thomas Henning; Seppo Mikkola; Rainer Spurzem

    2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dynamical decay of non-hierarchical accreting triple systems and its implications on the ejection model as Brown Dwarf formation scenario. A modified chain-regularization scheme is used to integrate the equations of motion, that also allows for mass changes over time as well as for momentum transfer from the accreted gas mass onto the bodies. We integrate an ensemble of triple systems within a certain volume with different accretion rates, assuming several prescriptions of how momentum is transferred onto the bodies. We follow their evolution until the systems have decayed. We analyze the end states and decay times of these systems and determine the fraction of Brown Dwarfs formed, their escape speeds as well as the semi-major axis distribution of the formed Brown Dwarf binaries. We find that the formation probability of Brown Dwarfs depends strongly on the assumed momentum transfer which is related to the motion of the gas. Due to ongoing accretion and consequent shrinkage of the systems, the median escape velocity is increased by a factor of 2 and the binary separations are decreased by a factor of 5 compared with non-accreting systems. Furthermore, the obtained semi-major axis distribution drops off sharply to either side of the median, which is also supported by observations. We conclude that accretion and momentum transfer of accreted gas during the dynamical decay of triple systems is able to produce the observed distribution of close binary Brown Dwarfs, making the ejection model a viable option as Brown Dwarf formation scenario.

  16. PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 49, NUMBER 1 JANUARY 1994 Hanbury-Brown --Twiss analysis in a solvable model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsch George F.

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 49, NUMBER 1 JANUARY 1994 Hanbury-Brown --Twiss analysis in a solvable of meson correlations by Hanbury-~rown --Twiss interferometry is tested with a simple model of meson the correlation function depends on the Bose symmetry of the particles as in the Hanbury-Brown --Twiss (HBT

  17. Operational taxonomy and (paleo-)autecology of round, brown, spiny dinoflagellate cysts from the Quaternary of high northern latitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Operational taxonomy and (paleo-)autecology of round, brown, spiny dinoflagellate cysts from determination key taxonomy paleoecology Round brown spiny dinoflagellate cysts from high latitudes a synthesis of descriptions with remarks on the mor- phology, taxonomy, nomenclature and ecology of cysts from

  18. Double Conscious Brother in the Veil Toward an Intellectual Biography of Sterling A. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tidwell, John E.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOUBLE CONSCIOUS BROTHER IN THE VEIL Toward an Intellectual Biography of Sterling A. Brown by John Edgar Tidwell Our home was graced with six children, five girls arid one boy. . . . The youngest of the family is a boy now 22 years of age. He... to that proffered in the High Schools of Washington. —Rev. Dr. Sterling Nelson Brown, My Own Life Story (37) "I kin be a good bishop, I got de looks, An' I ain't spoiled myself By readin' books. "Don't know so much 'Bout de Holy Ghost, But I likes de long...

  19. Ionization in atmospheres of Brown Dwarfs and extrasolar planets IV. The Effect of Cosmic Rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimmer, Paul

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cosmic rays provide an important source for free electrons in the Earth's atmosphere and also in dense interstellar regions where they produce a prevailing background ionization. We utilize a Monte Carlo cosmic ray transport model for particle energies of 1 MeV model for particle energies of 1 GeV model atmospheres of an example brown dwarf with effective temperature Teff = 1500 K, and two example giant gas planets (Teff = 1000 K, 1500 K). For the model brown dwarf atmosphere, the electron fraction is enhanced significantly by cosmic rays when the pressure pgas model atmosphere of the examp...

  20. In vitro kinetics of hepatic glutathione s-transferase conjugation in largemouth bass and brown bullheads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, E.P.; Sheehy, K.M.; Lame, M.W.; Segall, H.J.

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinetics of glutathione 5-transferase (GST) catalysis were investigated in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and brown bullheads (Amerius nebulosus), two freshwater fish species found in a variety of polluted waterways in the eastern US. The initial rates of hepatic GST activity toward four GST substrates, including 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, ethacrynic acid, {Delta}5-androstene-17-dione, and nitrobutyl chloride, were significantly higher in brown bullheads than in largemouth bass. Hepatic GST activity toward 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene, a {mu}-class GST substrate in rodents, was not detectable in either species. Liver cytosolic GSTs were more efficient in bullheads than in bass at catalyzing 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene-reduced glutathione (CDNB-GSH) conjugation over a broad range of electrophile (CDNB) concentrations, including those representative of environmental exposure. In contrast, largemouth bass maintained higher ambient concentrations of GSH, the nucleophilic cofactor for GST-mediated conjugation, than brown bullheads. Biphasic kinetics for GST-CDNB conjugation under conditions of variable GSH concentration were apparent in Eadie-Hofstee plots of the kinetic data, suggesting the presence of at least two hepatic GST isozymes with markedly different K{sub m} values for GSH in both species. The GST-CDNB reaction rate data obtained under conditions of variable GSH were well fitted (R{sup 2} = 0.999) by the two-enzyme Michaelis-Menten equation. In addition, Western blotting experiments confirmed the presence of two different hepatic GST-like proteins in both largemouth bass and brown bullhead liver. Collectively, these findings indicate that largemouth bass and brown bullhead GSTs catalyze the conjugation of structurally diverse, class-specific GST substrates, and that brown bullheads exhibit higher initial rates of GST activity than largemouth bass. The relatively higher rates of in vitro liver GST activity at the low substrate concentrations relevant to environmental exposure is expected to protect brown bullheads from the toxic effects of sediment-associated electrophilic chemicals. The somewhat lower rates of GST activity in largemouth bass liver compared with brown bullhead liver, however, may be offset by maintenance of higher ambient hepatic GSH concentrations in largemouth bass.

  1. NATIONAL PRESS RELEASE I PARIS I 30 AUGUST 2013 Brown algae contain phlorotannins, aromatic (phenolic) compounds that are unique in the plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    NATIONAL PRESS RELEASE I PARIS I 30 AUGUST 2013 Brown algae contain phlorotannins, aromatic elucidated the key step in the production of these compounds in Ectocarpus siliculosus, a small brown alga phlorotannins from brown algae for use in industry was a complex process, and the biosynthesis pathways

  2. Letter from Shirley Maiewski to Diana Brown re: Alternative Universe Four

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiewski, Shirley

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    niv/e 481 Main Street Hatfield, MA 01038 April 22, 1977 Diana G. Brown PO Box 187 Henderson, NV 89015 Dear Diana: Thank you for taking the time to write us about AU4. We are delighted that you have enjoyed our efforts. We had such fun...

  3. Nematode faunal analysis in an aquic brown soil fertilised with slow-release urea, Northeast China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neher, Deborah A.

    Nematode faunal analysis in an aquic brown soil fertilised with slow-release urea, Northeast China, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, PR China b Department of Earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, PR China Received 14 May 2004; received in revised form 15

  4. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor NOTICE OF RECEIPT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor NOTICE OF RECEIPT PETITION TO AMEND the CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECISION for the SACRAMENTO POWER AUTHORITY CAMPBELL with the California Energy Commission requesting to amend Condition of Certification EFF-1 for the Campbell

  5. EIS-0435: Modification of the Groton Generation Station Interconnection Agreement, Brown County, South Dakota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Western Area Power Administration to modify its Large Generator Connection Agreement for the Groton Generation Station in Brown County, South Dakota. The modification would allow Basin Electric Power Cooperative, which operates the generation station, to produce power above the current operating limit of 50 average megawatts.

  6. Browne, CB, Research Proposal, March 2009 Activation of the Inflammasome in Gout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    Browne, CB, Research Proposal, March 2009 1 Activation of the Inflammasome in Gout Background Gout. The overall prevalence of gout in the U.S. was determined to be 41 in 1000 (1). Men are at a higher risk than women for gout, and the risk increases with age for both males and females (1). The initiation

  7. Evaluating and Improving the ElarmS Earthquake Early Warning Algorithm Holly Moore Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Richard M.

    -based earthquake early warning (EEW) system developed in California. This dissertation concerns the transitionEvaluating and Improving the ElarmS Earthquake Early Warning Algorithm By Holly Moore Brown 2012 #12;#12;1 Abstract Evaluating and Improving the ElarmS Earthquake Early Warning Algorithm by Holly

  8. The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    211Introduction to Engineering Computation · STAT310Probability and Statistics · STAT410Introduction263 Statistics The George R. Brown School of Engineering Degrees Offered: BA, MStat, MA, PhD Course engineering, computational and applied mathematics, managerial studies, mathematics, political science

  9. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor April 25, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2011 PON-10-604 GRANT SOLICITATION APPLICATION PACKAGE Buy Down Incentives for Natural Gas and PropaneSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor Addendum 3 April 25 Vehicles The purpose of this addendum is to clarify the minimum requirements needed for the original

  10. A site-based approach to delivering rangeland ecosystem Joel BrownA,C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A site-based approach to delivering rangeland ecosystem services Joel BrownA,C and Neil Mac Range, Las Cruces, NM 88003-0003, USA. B CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Brisbane, Qld 4102, Australia. C Corresponding author. Email: joelbrow@nmsu.edu Abstract. Rangeland ecosystems are capable of providing an array

  11. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (RNS), and is based on the amount of current electric generation from renewable resources) that is generated from renewable generation resources instead of the capacity (megawatt ­ MW) of these facilitiesSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  12. A Review of "Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed" edited by Reid Barbour and Claire Preston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Joseph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    passage into what is surely one of the most important topics for readers of Milton. Reid Barbour and Claire Preston, eds. Sir Thomas Browne: The World Proposed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. xii + 368 pp. + 3 illus. $120.00. Review by joseph...

  13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    report presents forecasts of electricity and end-user natural gas consumption and peak electricity demandSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY) ___________________________________ ) ) ) ) ) Docket No. 13-IEP-1C NOTICE OF BUSINESS MEETING RE: Adoption of CED 2014-2024 Final Forecast Notice

  14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Renewable Fuel Infrastructure May 6, 2011 On November 25, 2009, the California Energy Commission (Energy the following transportation fuels: electricity, E-85, biomass-based diesel, and natural gas. The grantSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  15. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Renewable Fuel Infrastructure June 10, 2011 On November 25, 2009, the California Energy Commission (Energy the following transportation fuels: electricity, E-85, biomass-based diesel, and natural gas. The grantSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  16. Energy Efficient Digital Networks Bruce Nordman, Steven Lanzisera and Richard Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-6254E Energy Efficient Digital Networks Bruce Nordman, Steven Lanzisera and Richard Brown, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark

  17. Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    212 Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair. Computer graphics re- #12;Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science 213 search involves the cooperation Requirements for B.A., B.S.M.E. in Mechanical Engineering or B.A., B.S.M.S. in Materials Science

  18. Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    190 Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Engineering and Materials Science 191 Work on expert systems and robotics is done in cooperation. Degree Requirements for B.A., B.S.M.E. in Mechanical Engineering or B.A., B.S.M.S. in Materials Science

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    examines a range of issues facing the state's electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuel sectorsSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY reliability, enhance the #12;2 state's economy, and protect public health and safety." (Public Resources Code

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of major energy trends and issues facing California's electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuelSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY reliable, secure, and diverse energy supplies; enhance California's economy; and protect public health

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G BROWN, JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G BROWN, JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funding to California's transition to a clean energy economy. ARRA dedicated, and greenhouse gas emission reductions as well as the contribution to California's energy and environmental

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , natural gas, and transportation fuels to meet the needs of the state's economy and growing population proceeding on a range of issues facing California's electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuel sectorsSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  3. A magnetic field evolution scenario for brown dwarfs and giant planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Ansgar

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Very little is known about magnetic fields of extrasolar planets and brown dwarfs. We use the energy flux scaling law presented by Christensen et al. (2009) to calculate the evolution of average magnetic fields in extrasolar planets and brown dwarfs under the assumption of fast rotation, which is probably the case for most of them. We find that massive brown dwarfs of about 70 M_Jup can have fields of a few kilo-Gauss during the first few hundred Million years. These fields can grow by a factor of two before they weaken after deuterium burning has stopped. Brown dwarfs with weak deuterium burning and extrasolar giant planets start with magnetic fields between ~100G and ~1kG at the age of a few Myr, depending on their mass. Their magnetic field weakens steadily until after 10Gyr it has shrunk by about a factor of 10. We use observed X-ray luminosities to estimate the age of the known extrasolar giant planets that are more massive than 0.3M_Jup and closer than 20pc. Taking into account the age estimate, and ass...

  4. Spatiotemporal wavelet analysis for functional MRI Chris Long,a,* Emery N. Brown,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manoach, Dara S.

    Spatiotemporal wavelet analysis for functional MRI Chris Long,a,* Emery N. Brown,b,c Dara Manoach in their statistical formulations. To address these issues, we present a novel spatiotemporal wavelet procedure that uses a stimulus-convolved hemodynamic signal plus correlated noise model. The wavelet fits, computed

  5. Annual Summer Forages for West Texas Including Brown Mid-Rib (BMR) and Photoperiod Sensitive Forages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Annual Summer Forages for West Texas Including Brown Mid-Rib (BMR) and Photoperiod Sensitive palatability for livestock (grazed or baled). 1999 and 2000 results from Texas AgriLife-Amarillo determined higher seed costs with BMR forages. At modest seeding rates many of the regional Texas High Plains

  6. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    154 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Don H Degrees Offered: B.A., B.S.E.E., M.E.E., M.S., Ph.D. The electrical and computer engineering department, the electrical and computer engineering department's objectives are to provide its undergraduate students with

  7. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    160 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering CHAIR Behnaam Offered: BA, BSEE, MEE, MS, PhD The electrical and computer engineering department strives to provide high that will occur during their careers · An in-depth exposure to one area of electrical and computer engineering

  8. Electrical Engineering Graduate Handbook Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    1 Electrical Engineering Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 Charles L. Brown Department of Electrical from the Chairman Electrical engineers continue to provide technological leadership for developments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, at the University of Virginia, is one of the eight departments

  9. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    162 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering CHAIR Behnaam. Wise The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) strives to provide high) and the bachelor of science in electrical engineering (BSEE).The BA degree provides a basic foundation

  10. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    167 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Don H.E.E., M.S., Ph.D. The electrical and computer engineering department strives to provide high quality of leadership in their chosen careers. In support of this goal, the electrical and computer engineering

  11. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Behnaam Aazhang in the PraCtiCe Scott Cutler Ray Simar, Jr. Gary Woods The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering) and the bachelor of science in electrical engineering (BSEE). The BA degree #12;2 Departments / Electrical

  12. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    166 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Behnaam undergraduate degrees, the bachelor of arts (BA) and the bachelor of science in electrical engineering (BSEE). The BA degree provides a basic foundation in electrical and computer engineering that the student can

  13. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    174 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Behnaam, the bachelor of arts (BA) and the bachelor of science in electrical engineering (BSEE). The BA degree provides a basic foundation in electrical and computer engineering that the student can build on to construct

  14. Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    1 Electrical and Computer Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Behnaam of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) strives to provide high-quality degree programs that emphasize, the bachelor of arts (BA) and the bachelor of science in electrical engineering (BSEE). The BA degree provides

  15. Letter from Shirley Maiewski to Diana Brown re: Alternative Universe Four 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maiewski, Shirley

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    niv/e 481 Main Street Hatfield, MA 01038 April 22, 1977 Diana G. Brown PO Box 187 Henderson, NV 89015 Dear Diana: Thank you for taking the time to write us about AU4. We are delighted that you have enjoyed our efforts. We had such fun...

  16. The First Hundred Brown Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bochanski, John J.

    We present ground-based spectroscopic verification of 6 Y dwarfs (see also Cushing et al.), 89 T dwarfs, 8 L dwarfs, and 1 M dwarf identified by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Eighty of these are cold brown ...

  17. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECISION for the SEGS VIII SOLAR FACILITY (88-AFC-1C) On June 11, 2013, Next, and standards (Title 20, California Code of Regulations, section 1769). Energy Commission staff is currentlySTATE OF CALIFORNIA - NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  18. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    projects under this solicitation. However, should additional natural gas and electricity funding be madeSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY,382,715 $1,382,715 $380,817 Awardee 5 San Diego Supercomputer Center Green Queue: Reducing Energy Usage

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the results of the Renewable Energy Program's activities and status of funding. The 2011 Annual Report and funding awards. The Appendix contains detailed project descriptions, statistics, and financial dataSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    annually on the results of the Renewable Energy Program's activities and status of funding. The 2011 Annual and funding awards. The Appendix contains detailed project descriptions, statistics, and financial dataSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  1. Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA David Duchane and Donald Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy Development in the USA by David Duchane and Donald Brown Los of the world's store of geothermal energy. The real potential for growth in the use of geothermal energy lies-engineered geothermal reservoir in hot, crystalline rock by the application of hydraulic fracturing techniques

  2. DYNAMIC TRACKING PHASED ARRAY DATA LINKS K. D. Brown Dr. Chris Allen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    DYNAMIC TRACKING PHASED ARRAY DATA LINKS K. D. Brown Dr. Chris Allen NNSA-KCP University of Kansas link developed by National Nuclear Safety Administration's Kansas City Plant (NNSA-KCP) and the University of Kansas (KU) in support of NNSA's Remote Sensing Laboratory (NNSA-RSL) located at the Nevada

  3. Towards Availability Benchmarks: A Case Study of Software RAID Systems Aaron Brown and David A. Patterson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Towards Availability Benchmarks: A Case Study of Software RAID Systems Aaron Brown and David A neglected the areas of availability, maintainability, and evolutionary growth, areas that have recently introduce a general methodology for bench- marking the availability of computer systems. Our methodology

  4. Nutrition and Cancer Brown Kelp Modulates Endocrine Hormones in Female Sprague-Dawley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Nutrition and Cancer Brown Kelp Modulates Endocrine Hormones in Female Sprague-Dawley Rats Asians. However, studies from our laboratory suggest that the anti-estrogenic effects of dietary kelp modulation related to kelp ingestion in a pilot study of premenopausal women, we investigated the endocrine

  5. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the matter of: Preparation of the 2013 of the 2013 IEPR Scoping Order follows. Background Public Resources Code Section 25302 requires the Energy

  6. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Overall Program Guidebook for the Renewable Energy Program, Fourth Edition Publication No. CEC-300

  7. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Developing Renewable Generation on State Property Installing Renewable Energy on State Buildings

  8. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY as eligible renewable energy resources for the RPS and describes how the Energy Commission tracks and verifies COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice

  9. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON HIST 462/662: Gregory Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON HIST 462/662: Gregory Brown Wednesday 5:308:20 PM 3 Credits culmination of these epic struggles in a powerful, central government in France under Napoleon. This course & Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1787-1804 David Bell, The First Total War: Napoleon's Europe

  10. Near-infrared low-resolution spectroscopy of Pleiades L-type brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bihain, G; Osorio, M R Zapatero; Béjar, V J S; Caballero, J A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fundamental properties of brown dwarfs evolve with age. Models describing the evolution of luminosities and effective temperatures, among other physical parameters, can be empirically constrained using brown dwarfs of various masses in star clusters of well determined age and metallicity. We aim to carry out a spectroscopic and photometric characterization of low-mass brown dwarfs of the ~120 Myr old Pleiades open cluster. We obtained low-resolution near-infrared spectra of the J=17.4-18.8 mag candidate L-type brown dwarfs PLIZ 28 and 35, BRB 17, 21, 23, and 29, which are Pleiades members by photometry and proper motion. We also obtained spectra of the well-known J=15.4-16.1 mag late M-type cluster members PPl 1, Teide 1, and Calar 3. We find that the former six objects have early- to mid-L spectral types and confirm previously reported M-types for the other three objects. The spectra of the L0-type BRB 17 and PLIZ 28 present a triangular H-band continuum shape and remarkable VO absorption, indicating tha...

  11. From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics, and ESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofbauer, Josef

    From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics, and ESS Josef Hofbauer Institut f sophisticated models, an equilibrium satisfying the ESS conditions often remains stable in some sense. For example, in the standard dynamic model for haploids, the replicator dynamics, an ESS is asymptotically

  12. From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics and ESS* J. HOFBAUER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofbauer, Josef

    From Nash and Brown to Maynard Smith: Equilibria, Dynamics and ESS* J. HOFBAUER Institut für that in more sophisticated models, an equilibrium satisfying the ESS conditions often re- mains stable in some sense. For example, in the stan- dard dynamic model for haploids, the replicator dy- namics, an ESS

  13. EARLY DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF THE BROWN SHRIMP, Penaeus aztecus IVES, REARED IN THE LABORATORY 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . :Manuscript received September 1970. FISHERY BULLETIN: VOL. 69, NO. I, 1971. cies, accurate identification and white shrimps. METHODS AND MATERIALS Larvae of the brown shrimp were first suc- cessfully cultured on these figures are intended to in- dicate only relative size and position, not to show details of setation

  14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY that must be replaced to satisfy local capacity area requirements. · A status report on the several studies, protect the environment, ensure energy reliability, enhance the state's economy, and protect public health

  15. Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    ENH1065 Compost Tips for the Home Gardener1 Sydney Park Brown2 1. This document is ENH1065, one. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension. What Is Compost? Compost is a dark, crumbly material created. Compost is not completely decomposed (like humus); it will contain small pieces of debris that can

  16. Dipole trapped spheromak in a prolate flux conserver M. R. Brown,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    Dipole trapped spheromak in a prolate flux conserver M. R. Brown,a C. D. Cothran, J. Fung, M. Chang reports the observation and characterization of a spheromak formed in the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment. The spheromak is studied in a prolate tilt unstable 0.4 m diameter, 0.6 m length copper flux conserver in SSX

  17. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2013-007 The Distributed Generation Integration Cost Study: Analytical Framework is available free from the Energy level of confidence. This study uses the framework to highlight potential impacts, least-cost solutionsSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  18. THE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRUM OF THE BROWN DWARF GLIESE 229B T. R. GEBALLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sloan, Gregory C.

    THE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRUM OF THE BROWN DWARF GLIESE 229B T. R. GEBALLE Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 vapor. Water and methane are both shown to be strong absorbers in the near-infrared spectrum in reflection in the giant outer planets and, in particular, Titan. Subject headings: infrared: general

  19. Policy Based Storage System For Heterogeneous Environment Dai Qin, Ashvin Goel, Angela Demke Brown,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goel, Ashvin

    Policy Based Storage System For Heterogeneous Environment Dai Qin, Ashvin Goel, Angela Demke Brown, University of Toronto {mike,ashvin}@eecg.toronto.edu, demke@cs.toronto.edu 1 Introduction Storage storage sys- tems to the needs of specific applications and hardware. Most storage systems are not aware

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission's Contractors, Installers, and Sellers Database. · Adds a new incentive level. · ModifiesSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY at: www.energy.ca.gov/renewables/06-NSHP-1/documents/index.html The NSHP Guidebook describes

  1. Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    infrastructure and management (transportation systems, urban systems, soil mechanics, engineering economics129 Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Pedro. Wiesner adjunCt assistant Professor Karen Duston Professor in the PraCtiCe in Civil engineering management

  2. Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    infrastructure and management (transportation systems, urban systems, soil mechanics, engineering economics engineering management Joseph Cibor Ed Segner, III Professor in the PraCtiCe of environmental law James B137 Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Pedro

  3. Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    : · structural engineering · environmental engineering · engineering management Associate Professors Panos and Watershed Analysis CIVI 451 Introduction to Transportation CIVI 470 Basic Soil Mechanics CIVI 480 Senior119 Civil and Environmental Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering Chair Joseph B

  4. Abbott, Albert G., Professor, Genetics and Biochemistry. BS, University of Connecticut, 1976; PhD, Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    of Connecticut, 1976; PhD, Brown University, 1980 Abbott, Sherrie Wilder, Lecturer, School of Nursing. BSN, Emory Abramovitch, Rudolph A., Professor, Chemistry. BS, Alexandria University (Egypt), 1950; PhD, 1953, DSc, 1964 (England), 1962; MS, Clemson University, 1963; PhD, Nottingham Trent University (England), 1967 Adams

  5. Irish Astr. J., 27(1), XXXX, (2000) M. D. SMITH EVOLUTIONARY SCHEMES FOR PROTOSTARS, PROTO BROWN DWARFS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irish Astr. J., 27(1), XXXX, (2000) M. D. SMITH EVOLUTIONARY SCHEMES FOR PROTOSTARS, PROTO BROWN DWARFS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENTS M. D. SMITH Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh, N. Ireland, BT61 9DG

  6. Helicopter Brown-Out costs the US approximately $100 M per year in casualties/fatalities and signifi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - licopter brown-out occurs when downwash dis- turbs the dust and sand beneath the aircraft dur- ing takeoff of control, causing helicopter damage or destruction, as well as personnel injury or death. The likelihood

  7. Effects of electrical brain stimulation on the temperature of interscapular brown adipose tissue in the adult rat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Patricia Hilliard

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL BRAIN STIMULATI ON ON THE TEMPERATURE OF INTERSCAPULAR BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE IN'THE ADULT RAT A Thesis by PATRICIA HILL IARD FREEMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Psychology EFFECTS OF ELECTRICAL BRAIN STIMULATION ON THE TEMPERATURE OF BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE IN THE ADULT RAT A Thesis by PATRICIA HILL IARD FREEMAN Approved as to style...

  8. A T8.5 BROWN DWARF MEMBER OF THE {xi} URSAE MAJORIS SYSTEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, Edward L.; Mace, Gregory; McLean, Ian S. [UCLA Astronomy, P.O. Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Skrutskie, M. F.; Nelson, M. J.; Borish, H. J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gelino, Christopher R.; Griffith, Roger L.; Jarrett, Tom [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Marsh, Kenneth A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF243AA (United Kingdom); Mainzer, Amanda K.; Eisenhardt, Peter R. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109-8001 (United States); Tobin, John J. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Cushing, Michael C., E-mail: wright@astro.ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, MS 111, University of Toledo, 2801 W. Bancroft St., Toledo, OH 43606-3328 (United States)

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer has revealed a T8.5 brown dwarf (WISE J111838.70+312537.9) that exhibits common proper motion with a solar-neighborhood (8 pc) quadruple star system-{xi} Ursae Majoris. The angular separation is 8.'5, and the projected physical separation is Almost-Equal-To 4000 AU. The sub-solar metallicity and low chromospheric activity of {xi} UMa A argue that the system has an age of at least 2 Gyr. The infrared luminosity and color of the brown dwarf suggests the mass of this companion ranges between 14 and 38 M{sub J} for system ages of 2 and 8 Gyr, respectively.

  9. Luminant's Big Brown Plant wins for continuous improvement and safety programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peltier, R.

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Staff from Luminant's Big Brown Plant accepted the PRB Coal Users' Group's top honour for innovative improvements to coal-handling systems and a sterling safety record. The numbers reveal their accomplishments: an average EFOR less than 4%, an availability factor averaging 90% for a plant that burns a lignite/PRB mix, and staff who worked more than 2.6 million man-hours since March 2000 without a lost-time injury. 13 photos., 1 tab.

  10. THE DEPENDENCE OF BROWN DWARF RADII ON ATMOSPHERIC METALLICITY AND CLOUDS: THEORY AND COMPARISON WITH OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burrows, Adam; Nampaisarn, Thane [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Heng, Kevin, E-mail: burrows@astro.princeton.edu, E-mail: tnampais@astro.princeton.edu, E-mail: kheng@phys.ethz.ch [Institute for Advanced Study, School of Natural Sciences, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Employing realistic and consistent atmosphere boundary conditions, we have generated evolutionary models for brown dwarfs and very low mass stars (VLMs) for different atmospheric metallicities ([Fe/H]), with and without clouds. We find that the spread in radius at a given mass and age can be as large as {approx}10% to {approx}25%, with higher-metallicity, higher-cloud-thickness atmospheres resulting quite naturally in larger radii. For each 0.1 dex increase in [Fe/H], radii increase by {approx}1% to {approx}2.5%, depending upon the age and mass. We also find that, while for smaller masses and older ages brown dwarf radii decrease with increasing helium fraction (Y, as expected), for more massive brown dwarfs and a wide range of ages they increase with helium fraction. The increase in radius in going from Y = 0.25 to Y = 0.28 can be as large as {approx}0.025 R{sub J} ({approx}2.5%). Furthermore, we find that for VLMs an increase in atmospheric metallicity from 0.0 to 0.5 dex, increases radii by {approx}4%, and from -0.5 to 0.5 dex by {approx}10%. Therefore, we suggest that opacity due to higher metallicity might naturally account for the apparent radius anomalies in some eclipsing VLM systems. Ten to twenty-five percent variations in radius exceed errors stemming from uncertainties in the equation of state alone. This serves to emphasize that transit and eclipse measurements of brown dwarf radii constrain numerous effects collectively, importantly including the atmosphere and condensate cloud models, and not just the equation of state. At all times, one is testing a multi-parameter theory, and not a universal radius-mass relation.

  11. Spectroscopy of New Substellar Candidates in the Pleiades: Towards a Spectral Sequence for Young Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. L. Martin; R. Rebolo; M. R. Zapatero Osorio

    1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present optical and near-IR spectroscopy (600--1000 nm) of 8 faint (I$>$18) very red (R--I$>$2.2) objects discovered in a deep CCD survey of the Pleiades (Zapatero-Osorio et al. 1996). We compare them with reliable cluster members like PPl 15 and Teide 1, and with several field very late-type dwarfs (M4--M9.5), which were observed with similar instrumental configurations. Using pseudocontinuum ratios we classify the new substellar candidates in a spectal sequence defined with reference to field stars of known spectral types. We also reclassify PPl 15 and Teide 1 in a self-consistent way. The likelihood of membership for the new candidates is assesed via the study of their photospheric features, Ha emission, radial velocity, and consistency of their spectral types and I magnitudes with known cluster members. Four of the new substellar candidates are as late or later than PPl~15 (M6.5), but only one, Calar 3 (M8), clearly meets all our membership criteria. It is indeed an object very similar to the brown dwarf Teide 1. Calar 3, together with Teide 1, allows one to compare the spectroscopic characteristics of Pleiades brown dwarfs with those of old very cool dwarfs. The overall spectral properties are similar, but there are slight differences in the NaI doublet (818.3 nm, 819.5 nm), VO molecular band (740 nm), and some spectral ratios, which are probably related to lower surface gravity in the young Pleiades brown dwarfs than in field stars. Finally, we propose a way of improving future CCD-based brown dwarf surveys by using narrow-band near-IR pseudocontinuum filters.

  12. Analytical and characterization studies of organic and inorganic species in brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. Domazetis; M. Raoarun; B.D. James; J. Liesegang; P.; J. Pigram; N. Brack [La Trobe University, Vic. (Australia). Department of Chemistry

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed studies have been carried out on the distribution of organic functional groups and inorganic species in as-received (ar) and acid-washed (aw) brown coals using elemental analysis, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Time-of-flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Surface concentrations of the various carbon groups, organic oxygen, and inorganic hydroxide were obtained using XPS, but oxygen from clay and quartz, if present, interfered with organic oxygen determinations for the coals. A comparison of ar and aw coals using XPS and SEM-EDX is provided in terms of inorganic and organic sulfur groups. Chloride in these coals is present mainly as acid extractable forms, but small amounts of chloride in the organic matrix were indicated by the elemental analysis of ultra low-ash coals. TOF-SIMS fragments from brown coals were indicative of polymers consisting mainly of single aromatic groups linked by hydrocarbons with carboxyl and phenol functional groups. Sulfur fragments were from inorganic sulfur, thiols, organo-sulfates, and S-N-organic species. Numerous fragments containing organically bound chloride were observed. Fragments of the inorganic species Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, and Ga were also observed. Environmentally undesirable species, particularly from organo-sulfur and organo-chloride groups in brown coal, are likely to emerge from processes that heat coal-water mixture. 54 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.

  13. Brown snow: A long-range transport event in the Canadian Arctic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Welch, H.E.; Muir, D.C.G.; Billeck, B.N.; Lockhart, W.L.; Brunskill, G.J.; Kling, H.J. (Freshwater Inst., Winnipeg (Canada)); Olson, M.P. (Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario (Canada)); Lemoine, R.M. (Hardy BBT Ltd., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada))

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors document the occurrence of a long-range transport event that deposited thousands of tons of fine particulates on the District of Keewatin, central Canadian Arctic, {approximately}63 N. Air mass trajectories, clay mineral composition, soot particles, and visible organic remains point to Asian sources for the brown snow material, probably western China. Semivolatile organic pollutants detected in the brown snow included polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ({Sigma}PAH), PCB congeners, and DDT-related compounds ({Sigma}DDT), polychlorinated camphenes (PCCs), as well as the herbicide trifuluralin and insecticides methoxychlor, endosulfan, and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH). {Sigma}PAH, PCB, and PCC concentrations were within the range reported in other studies of Arctic snow but {Sigma}DDT levels were 2-10 times higher than previous reports. High molecular weight PAH may have been associated with soot particles in the brown snow but evidence for Asian sources of the pesticides was not strong because of unknown source signal strengths and possible atmospheric transformations of the compounds. Fluxes of these pollutants were also determined by analyzing sediment cores from two small headwater lakes near the sampling site. The quantities of pollutants deposited in this single event may have comprised a significant fraction (>10%) of total annual input {Sigma}PAH and {Sigma}DDT, as determined from lake sedimentation records.

  14. Accretion-ejection connection in the young brown dwarf candidate ISO-Cha1 217

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whelan, E T; Bacciotti, F; Nisini, B; Bonito, R; Antoniucci, S; Stelzer, B; Biazzo, K; D'Elia, V; Ray, T P

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the number of observed brown dwarf outflows is growing it is important to investigate how these outflows compare to the well studied jets from young stellar objects. A key point of comparison is the relationship between outflow and accretion activity and in particular the ratio between the mass outflow and accretion rates ($\\dot{M}_{out}$/$\\dot{M}_{acc}$). The brown dwarf candidate ISO-ChaI 217 was discovered by our group, as part of a spectro-astrometric study of brown dwarfs, to be driving an asymmetric outflow with the blue-shifted lobe having a position angle of $\\sim$ 20$^{\\circ}$. The aim here is to further investigate the properties of ISO-ChaI 217, the morphology and kinematics of its outflow, and to better constrain ($\\dot{M}_{out}$/$\\dot{M}_{acc}$). The outflow is spatially resolved in the $[SII]\\lambda \\lambda 6716,6731$ lines and is detected out to $\\sim$ 1\\farcs6 in the blue-shifted lobe and ~ 1" in the red-shifted lobe. The asymmetry between the two lobes is confirmed although the velocity as...

  15. A Herschel PACS survey of brown dwarfs in IC 2391: Limits on primordial and debris disk fractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riaz, B

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results from a Herschel PACS survey of 8 brown dwarfs in the IC 2391 cluster. Our aim was to determine the brown dwarf disk fraction at ages of ~40-50 Myr. None of the 8 brown dwarfs observed were detected in the PACS 70 or 160mu bands. We have determined the detection limits of our survey using the 1-sigma flux upper limits in the PACS far-infrared and the WISE mid-infrared bands. The sensitivity of our observations would only allow for the detection of debris disks with exceptionally large fractional luminosities (>1%). Considering that only the most extreme and rare debris disks have such high fractional luminosities, it can be hypothesized that Vega-like debris disks, as observed around ~30% of low-mass stars at similar ages, could exist around the targeted IC 2391 brown dwarfs. Most primordial disks similar to the ones observed for the younger 1-10 Myr brown dwarfs would be within the detection sensitivities of our survey, and could have been detected. The non-detection for all targets then su...

  16. Identification of a mutation in the tyrosinase related protein 1 (TRP1) gene associated with brown oculocutaneous albinism (OCA3)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wildenberg, S.C.; Oetting, W.S.; Fryer, J.P. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The genes responsible for the two most common types of human oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) have been identified. Mutations of the tyrosinase gene (chromosome 11q14-21) produce OCA1, and mutations of the P gene (chromosome 15q11.2-13) produce OCA2. Another type of OCA known as brown OCA or OCA3 is found commonly in the African and African-American population. OCA3 is characterized by light brown skin and hair with the ocular features of albinism and represents the third most frequent type of OCA. We previously identified dizygotic African-American twin boys who were discordant for OCA3. Melanocytes from the affected twin produced brown melanin and contained no detectable TRP1 protein. We have now characterized the TRP1 gene from the affected twin. The human TRP1 gene, homologous to the murine brown locus, contains 8 exons and maps to chromosome 9p23. Using PCR amplification of each exon coupled with SSCP analysis and direct DNA sequencing, we found the affected twin to homozygous for a single bp deletion in exon 6. The deletion removes a G in codon 368 leading to a premature stop at codon 384. We also identified a Tsp509 polymorphism in the 3{prime} UTR. We conclude that mutations of the TRP1 gene are responsible for brown OCA or OCA3, making this the third major OCA gene identified in humans.

  17. Mid-infrared followup of cold brown dwarfs: diversity in age, mass and metallicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saumon, Didier [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leggett, Sandy K [GEMINI OBSERVATORY; Burningham, Ben [HERTFORDSHITE UNIV; Marley, Mark S [NASA AMES; Waren, S J [IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON; Jones, H R A [HERTFORDSHIRE U; Pinfield, D J [HERTFORDSHIRE U; Smart, R L [ASTRONOMICAL OBS

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new Spitzer IRAC [3.6], [4.5], [5.8] and [8.0] photometry of nine very late-type T dwarfs. Combining this with previously published photometry, we investigate trends with type and color that are useful for both the planning and interpretation of infrared surveys designed to discover the coldest T or Y dwarfs. Brown dwarfs with effective temperature (T{sub eff}) below 700 K emit more than half their flux at wavelengths longer than 3 {micro}m, and the ratio of the mid-infrared flux to the near-infrared flux becomes very sensitive to T{sub eff} at these low temperatures. We confirm that the color H (1.6 {micro}m) - [4.5] is a good indicator of T{sub eff} with a relatively weak dependence on metallicity and gravity. Conversely, the colors H - K (2.2 {micro}m) and [4.5] - [5.8] are sensitive to metallicity and gravity. Thus near- and mid-infrared photometry provide useful indicators of the fundamental properties of brown dwarfs, and if temperature and gravity are known, then mass and age can be reliably determined from evolutionary models. There are twelve dwarfs currently known with H - [4.5] > 3.0, and {approx} 500 < T{sub eff} K {approx}< 800, which we examine in detail. The ages of the dwarfs in the sample range from very young (0.1 - 1.0 Gyr) to relatively old (3 - 12 Gyr). The mass range is possibly as low as 5 Jupiter masses to up to 70 Jupiter masses, i.e. near the hydrogen burning limit. The metallicities also span a large range, from [m/H]= -0.3 to [m/H]= +0.2. The small number of T8 - T9 dwarfs found in the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey to date appear to be predominantly young low-mass dwarfs. Accurate mid-infrared photometry of cold brown dwarfs is essentially impossible from the ground, and extensions to the mid-infrared space missions warm-Spitzer and WISE are desirable in order to obtain the vital mid-infrared data for cold brown dwarfs, and to discover more of these rare objects.

  18. MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY OF COLD BROWN DWARFS: DIVERSITY IN AGE, MASS, AND METALLICITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leggett, S. K. [Gemini Observatory, Northern Operations Center, 670 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Burningham, Ben; Jones, H. R. A.; Lucas, P. W.; Pinfield, D. J. [Centre for Astrophysics Research, Science and Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom); Saumon, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, MS F663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Marley, M. S. [NASA Ames Research Center, Mail Stop 245-3, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Warren, S. J. [Imperial College London, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Smart, R. L. [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, Strada Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese (Italy); Tamura, Motohide, E-mail: sleggett@gemini.ed [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

    2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) photometry of 12 very late-type T dwarfs: nine have [3.6], [4.5], [5.8], and [8.0] photometry and three have [3.6] and [4.5] photometry only. Combining this with previously published photometry, we investigate trends with type and color that are useful for both the planning and interpretation of infrared surveys designed to discover the coldest T or Y dwarfs. The online appendix provides a collation of MKO-system YJHKL'M' and IRAC photometry for a sample of M, L, and T dwarfs. Brown dwarfs with effective temperature (T{sub eff}) below 700 K emit more than half their flux at wavelengths longer than 3 {mu}m, and the ratio of the mid-infrared flux to the near-infrared flux becomes very sensitive to T{sub eff} at these low temperatures. We confirm that the color H (1.6 {mu}m) - [4.5] is a good indicator of T{sub eff} with a relatively weak dependence on metallicity and gravity. Conversely, the colors H - K (2.2 {mu}m) and [4.5] - [5.8] are sensitive to metallicity and gravity. Thus, near- and mid-infrared photometry provide useful indicators of the fundamental properties of brown dwarfs, and if temperature and gravity are known, then mass and age can be reliably determined from evolutionary models. There are 12 dwarfs currently known with H- [4.5] >3.0, and 500 K {approx}< T{sub eff} {approx}<800 K, which we examine in detail. The ages of the dwarfs in the sample range from very young (0.1-1.0 Gyr) to relatively old (3-12 Gyr). The mass range is possibly as low as 5 Jupiter masses to up to 70 Jupiter masses, i.e., near the hydrogen burning limit. The metallicities also span a large range, from [m/H] = -0.3 to [m/H] = +0.3. The small number of T8-T9 dwarfs found in the UK Infrared Telescope Infrared Deep Sky Survey to date appear to be predominantly young low-mass dwarfs. Accurate mid-infrared photometry of cold brown dwarfs is essentially impossible from the ground, and extensions to the mid-infrared space missions, warm-Spitzer and Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer, are desirable in order to obtain the vital mid-infrared data for cold brown dwarfs, and to discover more of these rare objects.

  19. A review of "Sir Thomas Browne: A Life" by Reid Barbour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Richard

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearest family, Barbour provides a richly described and impressively researched blend of mid-Stuart scientific thought and practice, as well as the period’s social history, drawing into his account those aspects of Browne that are better known from... VII & II Stuart and the installation of William of Orange and James’s daughter Mary Stuart as joint sovereigns (William reviews 29 I of Scotland and III of England and Mary II), and 13 February 1689 (both dates O.S.). But this kind of objection...

  20. Composition of the wax fraction of bitumen from methylated brown coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.I. Zherebtsov; A.I. Moiseev [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kemerovo (Russian Federation). Institute of Coal and Coal Chemistry

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Changes in the group and individual compositions of the wax fractions of bitumen in the course of brown coal methylation were studied. With the use of IR and NMR spectroscopy and chromatography-mass spectrometry, it was found that the esters of methylated coal waxes consisted of the native esters of fatty acids and the methyl esters of these acids formed as a result of an alkylation treatment. Esterification and transesterification were predominant among the reactions of aliphatic fraction components. A positive effect of methanol alkylation on an increase in the yield of the aliphatic fractions was found.

  1. Travis Brown and Kamran Baksh, Final Submission | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower StationTown ofTownNote-Bangladesh JumpTravis Brown

  2. Dr. Benjamin L. Brown | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers69Christopher Fecko ChemicalJohnBenjamin L. Brown

  3. Induction of micronuclei and nuclear abnormalities in the erythrocytes of mudminnows (Umbra limi) and brown bullheads (Ictalurus nebulosus)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalfe, C.D.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are interested in determining whether the MN technique can be developed as an in situ assay for genotoxicity in fish species; and in particular, the brown bullhead (Ictalurus nebulosus). In this study, central mudminnows (Umbra limi) and brown bullheads were exposed to EMS and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) by intraperitoneal injection. The various experiments were designed to: i) compare the sensitivity of the MN and SCE assays using the mudminnow model; ii) determine whether MN are induced in the erythrocytes of the brown bullhead by exposure to genotoxic chemicals (EMS and BaP); iii) determine whether erythrocytes harvested from the erythropoietic tissues of fish (pronephros) have a greater incidence of MN than peripheral erythrocytes; iv) examine the association between the induction of MN and the induction of nuclear abnormalities in erythrocytes after exposure of genotoxic agents.

  4. Observation of Transverse Bose-Einstein Condensation via Hanbury BrownTwiss Correlations Wu RuGway, A. G. Manning, S. S. Hodgman, R. G. Dall, and A. G. Truscott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheruntsyan, Karen

    Observation of Transverse Bose-Einstein Condensation via Hanbury Brown­Twiss Correlations Wu Ru a three-dimensional thermal gas to a gas undergoing transverse condensation by probing Hanbury Brown­Twiss

  5. The vibrationally mediated photodissociation of Cl2 E. K. Campbell, A. B. Alekseyev, G. G. Balint-Kurti, M. Brouard, Alex Brown et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Alex

    of Cl2 E. K. Campbell,1 A. B. Alekseyev,2 G. G. Balint-Kurti,3 M. Brouard,1,a) Alex Brown,4 R. JThe vibrationally mediated photodissociation of Cl2 E. K. Campbell, A. B. Alekseyev, G. G. Balint-Kurti, M. Brouard, Alex Brown et al. Citation: J. Chem. Phys. 137, 124310 (2012); doi: 10

  6. Early maturation processes in coal. Part 2: Reactive dynamics simulations using the ReaxFF reactive force field on Morwell Brown coal structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Early maturation processes in coal. Part 2: Reactive dynamics simulations using the ReaxFF reactive force field on Morwell Brown coal structures Elodie Salmon a , Adri C.T. van Duin b , François Lorant Brown coal using the ReaxFF reactive force field. We find that these reactive MD simulations

  7. Miller, K.G., Sugarman, P.J., Browning, J.V., et al., 1998 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, Vol. 174AX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,4 James V. Browning,2 Richard K. Olsson,2 Stephen F. Pekar,2 Timothy J. Reilly,2 Benjamin S. Cramer,2 Uptegrove,4 David Bukry,8 Lloyd H. Burckle,3 James D. Wright,9 Mark D. Feigenson,2 Gilbert J. Brenner,10, Olsson, Pekar, Reilly, Stewart, Uptegrove Biostratigraphy: Foraminifers: Browning, Olsson, Pekar

  8. Antagonist effect between violaxanthin and de-epoxidated pigments in nonphotochemical quenching induction in the qE deficient brown alga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    induction in the qE deficient brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera Héctor Ocampo-Alvarez a , Ernesto GarcíaZ) De-epoxidation rate control Brown alga Macrocystis pyrifera Nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ quenching (qE), is not present in this alga. In contrast to higher plants, NPQ in this organism is much more

  9. Hubble Space Telescope Spectroscopy of Brown Dwarfs Discovered with the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Adam C; Kirkpatrick, J Davy; Gelino, Christopher R; Mace, Gregory N; Wright, Edward L; Eisenhardt, Peter R; Skrutskie, M F; Griffith, Roger L; Marsh, Kenneth A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a sample of brown dwarfs identified with the {\\it Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer} (WISE) for which we have obtained {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} ({\\it HST}) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) near-infrared grism spectroscopy. The sample (twenty-two in total) was observed with the G141 grism covering 1.10$-$1.70 $\\mu$m, while fifteen were also observed with the G102 grism, which covers 0.90$-$1.10 $\\mu$m. The additional wavelength coverage provided by the G102 grism allows us to 1) search for spectroscopic features predicted to emerge at low effective temperatures (e.g.\\ ammonia bands) and 2) construct a smooth spectral sequence across the T/Y boundary. We find no evidence of absorption due to ammonia in the G102 spectra. Six of these brown dwarfs are new discoveries, three of which are found to have spectral types of T8 or T9. The remaining three, WISE J082507.35$+$280548.5 (Y0.5), WISE J120604.38$+$840110.6 (Y0), and WISE J235402.77$+$024015.0 (Y1) are the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first spec...

  10. A HYBRID SCENARIO FOR THE FORMATION OF BROWN DWARFS AND VERY LOW MASS STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Shantanu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 3K7 (Canada); Vorobyov, Eduard I., E-mail: basu@uwo.ca, E-mail: eduard.vorobiev@univie.ac.at [Institute of Astrophysics, The University of Vienna, Vienna, 1180 (Austria)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a calculation of protostellar disk formation and evolution in which gaseous clumps (essentially, the first Larson cores formed via disk fragmentation) are ejected from the disk during the early stage of evolution. This is a universal process related to the phenomenon of ejection in multiple systems of point masses. However, it occurs in our model entirely due to the interaction of compact, gravitationally bound gaseous clumps and is free from the smoothing-length uncertainty that is characteristic of models using sink particles. Clumps that survive ejection span a mass range of 0.08-0.35 M{sub Sun }, and have ejection velocities 0.8 {+-} 0.35 km s{sup -1}, which are several times greater than the escape speed. We suggest that, upon contraction, these clumps can form substellar or low-mass stellar objects with notable disks, or even close-separation very low mass binaries. In this hybrid scenario, allowing for ejection of clumps rather than finished protostars/proto-brown-dwarfs, disk formation and the low velocity dispersion of low-mass objects are naturally explained, while it is also consistent with the observation of isolated low-mass clumps that are ejection products. We conclude that clump ejection and the formation of isolated low-mass stellar and substellar objects is a common occurrence, with important implications for understanding the initial mass function, the brown dwarf desert, and the formation of stars in all environments and epochs.

  11. Astrometric Discovery of GJ 802b: In the Brown Dwarf Oasis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pravdo, S H; Lloyd, J; Pravdo, Steven H.; Shaklan, Stuart B.; Lloyd, James

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stellar Planet Survey is an ongoing astrometric search for giant planets and brown dwarfs around a sample of about 30 M-dwarfs. We have discovered several low-mass companions by measuring the motion of our target stars relative to their reference frames. The lowest mass discovery thus far is GJ 802b, a companion to the M5-dwarf GJ 802A. The orbital period is 3.14 +/- 0.03 y, the system mass is 0.214 +/- 0.045 Msolar, and the semi-major axis is 1.28 +/- 0.10 AU or 81 +/- 6 mas. Imaging observations indicate that GJ 802b is likely to be a brown dwarf with the astrometrically determined mass 0.058 +/- 0.021 Msolar (one sigma limits). The remaining uncertainty in the orbit is the eccentricity that is now loosely constrained. We discuss how the system age limits the mass and the prospects to further narrow the mass range when e is more precisely determined.

  12. Astrometric Discovery of GJ 802b: In the Brown Dwarf Oasis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven H. Pravdo; Stuart B. Shaklan; James Lloyd

    2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Stellar Planet Survey is an ongoing astrometric search for giant planets and brown dwarfs around a sample of about 30 M-dwarfs. We have discovered several low-mass companions by measuring the motion of our target stars relative to their reference frames. The lowest mass discovery thus far is GJ 802b, a companion to the M5-dwarf GJ 802A. The orbital period is 3.14 +/- 0.03 y, the system mass is 0.214 +/- 0.045 Msolar, and the semi-major axis is 1.28 +/- 0.10 AU or 81 +/- 6 mas. Imaging observations indicate that GJ 802b is likely to be a brown dwarf with the astrometrically determined mass 0.058 +/- 0.021 Msolar (one sigma limits). The remaining uncertainty in the orbit is the eccentricity that is now loosely constrained. We discuss how the system age limits the mass and the prospects to further narrow the mass range when e is more precisely determined.

  13. Improved kinematics for brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars in ChaI and a discussion of brown dwarf formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Joergens

    2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a precise kinematic study of very young brown dwarfs (BDs) in the ChaI cloud based on radial velocities (RVs) measured with UVES / VLT. This is compared to the kinematics of T Tauri stars (TTS) in the same field, based on both own measurements and on RVs from the literature. More UVES spectra were taken compared with a former paper (Joergens & Guenther 2001), and the reduction of the spectra was improved, while studying the literature for RVs of T Tauri stars in ChaI led to a cleaned and enlarged sample of T Tauri stars. The result is an improved empirical RV distribution of BDs as well as of TTS in ChaI. We found that nine BDs/VLMSs (M6-M8) in ChaI have a RV dispersion of 0.9 km/s measured in terms of a standard deviation. This is consistent with the dispersion measured earlier in terms of fwhm of 2.1 km/s. The studied sample of 25 TTS (G2-M5) has a dispersion of 1.3 km/s (standard deviation). The RV dispersion of the BDs is consistent within the errors with that of TTS, which is in line with the finding of no mass dependence in some theoretical models of the ejection-scenario for the formation of brown dwarfs. In contrast to current N-body simulations, we did not find a high-velocity tail for the BDs RVs. We found hints suggesting different kinematics for binaries compared to predominantly single objects in ChaI. The global RV dispersion for ChaI members (1.24 km/s) is significantly lower than for Taurus members (2.0 km/s), despite higher stellar density in ChaI showing that a fundamental increase in velocity dispersion with stellar density of the star-forming region is not established observationally. The RVs of BDs observed in ChaI are less dispersed than predicted by existing models for the ejection-scenario.

  14. Brown - leaves

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials FindAdvancedBrookhaven Site Office CXBrookhavenSector

  15. Brown - leaves

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials FindAdvancedBrookhaven Site Office CXBrookhavenSectorBPA

  16. Plays as Team Plans for Coordination and Adaptation Michael Bowling, Brett Browning, Allen Chang and Manuela Veloso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    Plays as Team Plans for Coordination and Adaptation Michael Bowling, Brett Browning, Allen Chang, {mhb,brettb,mmv}@cs.cmu.edu, allenc@andrew.cmu.edu Abstract. Coordinated action for a team of robots, a complex domain with teams of robots in an adversarial setting, there is a great deal of uncertainty

  17. 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 87 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIGHT BROWN APPLE MOTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , NC 27606 ABSTRACT Our geospatial analysis estimated that LBAM could establish throughout most on LBAM. Our economic analysis had two components: (1) a geospatial analysis that identified areas at risk2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 87 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIGHT BROWN APPLE

  18. Thresholds for Survival of Brown Trout during the Spring Flood Acid Pulse in Streams High in Dissolved Organic Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buffam, Ishi

    .--The survival of brown trout Salmo trutta embryos and first-year juveniles was studied using in situ bioassays concentration. No toxic effect could be directly attributed to measured inorganic aluminum concentrations). Increased Hþ levels impede the active uptake of sodium and stimulate efflux (Leivestad and Muniz 1976

  19. Arsenic Modulates Cell Proliferation Pathways in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells Krystle Brown, Somaly Neang, Dorrelyn Patacsil, and Deepak Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    Viability Assay: The cell viability and proliferation of MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines were determined (SDS-PAGE) and Western Blotting. Figure 2. MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines were treated with variousArsenic Modulates Cell Proliferation Pathways in MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells Krystle Brown, Somaly

  20. The paramagnetic response of nickel at high temperature P. J. Brown (+), H. Capellman (), J. Dportes (*), D. Givord (*), S. M. Johnson (+)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    491 The paramagnetic response of nickel at high temperature P. J. Brown (+), H. Capellman (°), J, révisé le 5 novembre, accepté le 6 novembre 1985) Résumé. 2014 La réponse paramagnétique du nickel a été. 2014 The paramagnetic response of nickel has been measured using polarized neutron scattering

  1. Hanbury-Brown-Twiss Interferometry with Identical Bosons in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions: Comparisons with Hadronic Scattering Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Humanic

    2005-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Identical boson Hanbury-Brown-Twiss interferometry as applied to relativistic heavy-ion collisions is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the use of hadronic scattering models to interpret the physical significance of experimental results. Interferometric studies with center-of-mass energies from < 1 GeV/nucleon up to 5500 GeV/nucleon are considered.

  2. DISTINCT PATTERNS OF NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN BROWN ALGAE: LIGHT AND AMMONIUM SENSITIVITY IN LAMINARIA DIGITATA IS ABSENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berges, John A.

    DISTINCT PATTERNS OF NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN BROWN ALGAE: LIGHT AND AMMONIUM SENSITIVITY and lowest in summer. This is the first report of NR activity in any alga that is not strongly regulated the regulation of NR by light that has been observed in other algae and higher plants. Key index words: ammonium

  3. Field Power Measurements of Imaging Equipment Marla McWhinney, Gregory Homan, Richard Brown, Judy Roberson, Bruce Nordman,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    modes: active/ready/sleep/off, and recorded features that would most likely affect energy consumption Brown, Judy Roberson, Bruce Nordman, John Busch Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy 94720, USA May 2004 The work described in this paper was supported by the Office of Atmospheric Programs

  4. Probing Structural Dynamics with High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Research Team: Nigel Browning, James Evans, Patricia Abellan, Russell Tonkyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Probing Structural Dynamics with High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Research Team: Nigel Browning of the structural dynamics that occur on the µs-ns timescale We will make use of a unique aberration-corrected dynamic TEM (DTEM), where a photoemission source will enable these time-resolved images to be obtained at

  5. A Field-Wise Wind Retrieval Algorithm for Satellite Scatterometers Charles G. Brown and David G . Long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    A Field-Wise Wind Retrieval Algorithm for Satellite Scatterometers Charles G. Brown and David G-378-6586 browncg@salt.ee.byii.edu Abstract-Traditional satellite scatterometer wind retrieval algorithms consist of point-wise wind estimation and point- wise ambiguity removal. Point-wise estimation yields mul- tiple

  6. X-ray Detection from Bona-fide and Candidate Brown Dwarfs in the Rho Ophiuchi Cloud with Chandra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kensuke Imanishi; Masahiro Tsujimoto; Katsuji Koyama

    2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results of an X-ray search from bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs in the Rho Ophiuchi cloud cores with the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The selected areas are two fields near the cloud center and are observed with the ACIS-I array of a 17'x17' size and a ~100 ks exposure. Among 18 bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs listed by the infrared spectroscopy, we find X-ray emission from 7 sources above 99.9% confidence level. Therefore ~40% of the infrared-selected brown dwarfs in this cloud emit X-rays. For the brightest 4 sources, the X-ray spectra are made and are fitted with a thin-thermal plasma model of a temperature 1-2.5 keV. The X-rays are also time variable with rapid flares from 2 of the brown dwarfs. Assuming 2 keV temperature and using the empirical relation of Av vs. NH, we estimate the X-ray luminosity or its upper limit of the other faint or non-X-ray sources. The X-ray luminosity (Lx) of the X-ray-detected sources is in the range of 0.3-90x10^28 ergs s^-1, while the luminosity ratio of X-ray to bolometric (Lx/Lbol) is 10^-3 - 10^-5, similar to those of low-mass pre-main-sequence and dMe stars. All these results suggest that the X-ray origin of brown dwarfs is the same as low-mass stars; strong magnetic activity at the stellar surface.

  7. Genome sequence of the brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibbs, Richard A.; Weinstock, George M.; Metzker, Michael L.; Muzny, Donna M.; Sodergren, Erica J.; Scherer, Steven; Scott, Graham; Steffen, David; Worley, Kim C.; Burch, Paula E.; Okwuonu, Geoffrey; Hines, Sandra; Lewis, Lora; DeRamo, Christine; Delgado, Oliver; Dugan-Rocha, Shannon; Miner, George; Morgan, Margaret; Hawes, Alicia; Gill, Rachel; Holt, Robert A.; Adams, Mark D.; Amanatides, Peter G.; Baden-Tillson, Holly; Barnstead, Mary; Chin, Soo; Evans, Cheryl A.; Ferriera, Steven; Fosler, Carl; Glodek, Anna; Gu, Zhiping; Jennings, Don; Kraft, Cheryl L.; Nguyen, Trixie; Pfannkoch, Cynthia M.; Sitter, Cynthia; Sutton, Granger G.; Venter, J. Craig; Woodage, Trevor; Smith, Douglas; Lee, Hong-Maei; Gustafson, Erik; Cahill, Patrick; Kana, Arnold; Doucette-Stamm, Lynn; Weinstock, Keith; Fechtel, Kim; Weiss, Robert B.; Dunn, Diane M.; Green, Eric D.; Blakesley, Robert W.; Bouffard, Gerard G.; de Jong, Pieter J.; Osoegawa, Kazutoyo; Zhu, Baoli; Marra, Marco; Schein, Jacqueline; Bosdet, Ian; Fjell, Chris; Jones, Steven; Krzywinski, Martin; Mathewson, Carrie; Siddiqui, Asim; Wye, Natasja; McPherson, John; Zhao, Shaying; Fraser, Claire M.; Shetty, Jyoti; Shatsman, Sofiya; Geer, Keita; Chen, Yixin; Abramzon, Sofyia; Nierman, William C.; Havlak, Paul H.; Chen, Rui; Durbin, K. James; Egan, Amy; Ren, Yanru; Song, Xing-Zhi; Li, Bingshan; Liu, Yue; Qin, Xiang; Cawley, Simon; Cooney, A.J.; D'Souza, Lisa M.; Martin, Kirt; Wu, Jia Qian; Gonzalez-Garay, Manuel L.; Jackson, Andrew R.; Kalafus, Kenneth J.; McLeod, Michael P.; Milosavljevic, Aleksandar; Virk, Davinder; Volkov, Andrei; Wheeler, David A.; Zhang, Zhengdong; Bailey, Jeffrey A.; Eichler, Evan E.; Tuzun, Eray; Birney, Ewan; Mongin, Emmanuel; Ureta-Vidal, Abel; Woodwark, Cara; Zdobnov, Evgeny; Bork, Peer; Suyama, Mikita; Torrents, David; Alexandersson, Marina; Trask, Barbara J.; Young, Janet M.; et al.

    2004-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus) is an indispensable tool in experimental medicine and drug development, having made inestimable contributions to human health. We report here the genome sequence of the Brown Norway (BN) rat strain. The sequence represents a high-quality 'draft' covering over 90 percent of the genome. The BN rat sequence is the third complete mammalian genome to be deciphered, and three-way comparisons with the human and mouse genomes resolve details of mammalian evolution. This first comprehensive analysis includes genes and proteins and their relation to human disease, repeated sequences, comparative genome-wide studies of mammalian orthologous chromosomal regions and rearrangement breakpoints, reconstruction of ancestral karyotypes and the events leading to existing species, rates of variation, and lineage-specific and lineage-independent evolutionary events such as expansion of gene families, orthology relations and protein evolution.

  8. Evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extrasolar giant planets. The case of HD 20945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Baraffe; G. Chabrier; T. Barman; F. Allard; P. H. Hauschildt

    2003-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evolutionary models for cool brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets. The models reproduce the main trends of observed methane dwarfs in near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. We also present evolutionary models for irradiated planets, coupling for the first time irradiated atmosphere profiles and inner structures. We focus on HD 209458-like systems and show that irradiation effects can substantially affect the radius of sub-jovian mass giant planets. Irradiation effects, however, cannot alone explain the large observed radius of HD 209458b. Adopting assumptions which optimise irradiation effects and taking into account the extension of the outer atmospheric layers, we still find $\\sim$ 20% discrepancy between observed and theoretical radii. An extra source of energy seems to be required to explain the observed value of the first transit planet.

  9. A Possible Brown Dwarf Companion to the White Dwarf GD1400

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Farihi; M. Christopher

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An unresolved, likely L dwarf companion to the DA white dwarf GD1400 is reported. This would be only the second such system known, discovered 17 years after the prototype L dwarf, GD165B, was determined to be a companion to a white dwarf. Photometric observations and model predicted stellar parameters of the well studied white dwarf primary indicate that GD1400B has $J-K\\ga2.0$ and $M_K=12.13$ mag. If correct, this would place GD1400B at spectral type L6, and it would be the lowest luminosity unevolved companion known to a white dwarf, and thus a definite brown dwarf. However, a low resolution Keck NIRSPEC $2.1-2.4\\mu$m spectrum may not be consistent with known L dwarfs. Uncertainties in classification remain until the binary is resolved or a trigonometric parallax is measured.

  10. Potential effects of the fire protection system sprays at Browns Ferry on fission product transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niemczyk, S.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fire protection system (FPS) sprays within any nuclear plant are not intended to mitigate radioactive releases to the environment resulting from severe core-damage accidents. However, it has been shown here that during certain postulated severe accident scenarios at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant, the functioning of FPS sprays could have a significant impact on the radioactive releases. Thus the effects of those sprays need to be taken into account for realistic estimation of source terms for some accident scenarios. The effects would include direct ones such as cooling of the reactor building atmosphere and scrubbing of radioactivity from it, as well as indirect effects such as an altered likelihood of hydrogen burning and flooding of various safety-related pumps in the reactor building basement. Thus some of the impacts of the sprays would be beneficial with respect to mitigating releases to the environment but some others might not be. The effects of the FPS would be very scenario dependent with a wide range of potential effects often existing for a given accident sequence. Any generalization of the specific results presented here for Browns Ferry to other nuclear plants must be done cautiously, as it appears from a preliminary investigation that the relevant physical and operational characteristics of FPS spray systems differ widely among even otherwise apparently similar plants. Likewise the standby gas treatment systems, which substantially impact the effects of the FPS, differ significantly among plants. More work for both Mark I plants and other plants, BWRs and PWRs alike, is indicated so the potential effects of FPS spray systems during severe accidents can be at least ball-parked for more realistic accident analyses.

  11. THE TURBULENT EXCHANGE WITHIN AN URBAN STREET CANYON Ian N. Harman*, Janet F. Barlow*, Stephen E. Belcher*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    represents a complex challenge for both observational and modelling studies of the surface energy balance for a range of canyon geometries. The model incorporates ideas on the flow and turbulence both above energy balance of an urban area are relatively well understood. However, the influence of building

  12. HIST 732d: Colloquium on the French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Gregory Brown; gbrown@unlv.nevada.edu; 895-4181

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    HIST 732d: Colloquium on the French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Gregory Brown; gbrown and Repression from the Terror to Napoleon (978-0813927299) Required for students in HIST 462/662; Recommended

  13. 510 Plant Disease / Vol. 97 No. 4 Etiology of Moldy Core, Core Browning, and Core Rot of Fuji Apple in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biggs, Alan R.

    Province, 712000, P. R. China; and Alan R. Biggs, Kearneysville Tree Fruit Research and Education Center., Zhang, R., Sun, G. Y., Zha, Y. L., and Biggs, A. R. 2013. Etiology of moldy core, core browning

  14. Field Testing of Activated Carbon Injection Options for Mercury Control at TXU's Big Brown Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Pavlish; Jeffrey Thompson; Christopher Martin; Mark Musich; Lucinda Hamre

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of the project was to evaluate the long-term feasibility of using activated carbon injection (ACI) options to effectively reduce mercury emissions from Texas electric generation plants in which a blend of lignite and subbituminous coal is fired. Field testing of ACI options was performed on one-quarter of Unit 2 at TXU's Big Brown Steam Electric Station. Unit 2 has a design output of 600 MW and burns a blend of 70% Texas Gulf Coast lignite and 30% subbituminous Powder River Basin coal. Big Brown employs a COHPAC configuration, i.e., high air-to-cloth baghouses following cold-side electrostatic precipitators (ESPs), for particulate control. When sorbent injection is added between the ESP and the baghouse, the combined technology is referred to as TOXECON{trademark} and is patented by the Electric Power Research Institute in the United States. Key benefits of the TOXECON configuration include better mass transfer characteristics of a fabric filter compared to an ESP for mercury capture and contamination of only a small percentage of the fly ash with AC. The field testing consisted of a baseline sampling period, a parametric screening of three sorbent injection options, and a month long test with a single mercury control technology. During the baseline sampling, native mercury removal was observed to be less than 10%. Parametric testing was conducted for three sorbent injection options: injection of standard AC alone; injection of an EERC sorbent enhancement additive, SEA4, with ACI; and injection of an EERC enhanced AC. Injection rates were determined for all of the options to achieve the minimum target of 55% mercury removal as well as for higher removals approaching 90%. Some of the higher injection rates were not sustainable because of increased differential pressure across the test baghouse module. After completion of the parametric testing, a month long test was conducted using the enhanced AC at a nominal rate of 1.5 lb/Macf. During the time that enhanced AC was injected, the average mercury removal for the month long test was approximately 74% across the test baghouse module. ACI was interrupted frequently during the month long test because the test baghouse module was bypassed frequently to relieve differential pressure. The high air-to-cloth ratio of operations at this unit results in significant differential pressure, and thus there was little operating margin before encountering differential pressure limits, especially at high loads. This limited the use of sorbent injection as the added material contributes to the overall differential pressure. This finding limits sustainable injection of AC without appropriate modifications to the plant or its operations. Handling and storage issues were observed for the TOXECON ash-AC mixture. Malfunctioning equipment led to baghouse dust hopper plugging, and storage of the stagnant material at flue gas temperatures resulted in self-heating and ignition of the AC in the ash. In the hoppers that worked properly, no such problems were reported. Economics of mercury control at Big Brown were estimated for as-tested scenarios and scenarios incorporating changes to allow sustainable operation. This project was funded under the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory project entitled 'Large-Scale Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program--Phase II'.

  15. Azimuthally sensitive hanbury brown-twiss interferometry in Au + Au collisions sqrt S sub NN = 200 GeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Gronstal, S.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, L.S.; Hughes, E.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kunde, G.J.; Kunz, C.L.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; Kuznetsov, A.A.; Lamont, M.A.C.; et al.

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a systematic study of the shape of the pion distribution in coordinate space at freeze-out in Au+Au collisions at RHIC using two-pion Hanbury Brown-Twiss (HBT) interferometry. Oscillations of the extracted HBT radii vs. emission angle indicate sources elongated perpendicular to the reaction plane. The results indicate that the pressure and expansion time of the collision system are not sufficient to completely quench its initial shape.

  16. Finite element simulations of compositionally graded InGaN solar cells G.F. Brown a,b,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    , a highly conductive p-type GaN layer provides the hole contact while absorption takes place in the lowerFinite element simulations of compositionally graded InGaN solar cells G.F. Brown a,b,n , J.W. Ager Keywords: Device modeling InGaN Composition grading Heterojunction a b s t r a c t The solar power

  17. PARALLAXES AND PROPER MOTIONS OF ULTRACOOL BROWN DWARFS OF SPECTRAL TYPES Y AND LATE T

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsh, Kenneth A.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gelino, Christopher R.; Griffith, Roger L. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Wright, Edward L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, P.O. Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, P.O. Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Cushing, Michael C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Skrutskie, Michael F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Eisenhardt, Peter R., E-mail: ken.marsh@astro.cf.ac.uk [NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present astrometric measurements of 11 nearby ultracool brown dwarfs of spectral types Y and late-T, based on imaging observations from a variety of space-based and ground-based telescopes. These measurements have been used to estimate relative parallaxes and proper motions via maximum likelihood fitting of geometric model curves. To compensate for the modest statistical significance ({approx}< 7) of our parallax measurements we have employed a novel Bayesian procedure for distance estimation which makes use of an a priori distribution of tangential velocities, V {sub tan}, assumed similar to that implied by previous observations of T dwarfs. Our estimated distances are therefore somewhat dependent on that assumption. Nevertheless, the results have yielded distances for five of our eight Y dwarfs and all three T dwarfs. Estimated distances in all cases are {approx}> 3 pc. In addition, we have obtained significant estimates of V {sub tan} for two of the Y dwarfs; both are <100 km s{sup -1}, consistent with membership in the thin disk population. Comparison of absolute magnitudes with model predictions as a function of color shows that the Y dwarfs are significantly redder in J - H than predicted by a cloud-free model.

  18. ON THE SURVIVAL OF BROWN DWARFS AND PLANETS ENGULFED BY THEIR GIANT HOST STAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passy, Jean-Claude; Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY (United States); De Marco, Orsola [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent discovery of two Earth-mass planets in close orbits around an evolved star has raised questions as to whether substellar companions can survive encounters with their host stars. We consider whether these companions could have been stripped of significant amounts of mass during the phase when they orbited through the dense inner envelopes of the giant. We apply the criterion derived by Murray et al. for disruption of gravitationally bound objects by ram pressure to determine whether mass loss may have played a role in the histories of these and other recently discovered low-mass companions to evolved stars. We find that the brown dwarf and Jovian-mass objects circling WD 0137-349, SDSS J08205+0008, and HIP 13044 are most unlikely to have lost significant mass during the common envelope phase. However, the Earth-mass planets found around KIC 05807616 could well be the remnants of one or two Jovian-mass planets that lost extensive mass during the common envelope phase.

  19. A Population of very young Brown Dwarfs and free-floating Planets in Orion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. W. Lucas; P. F. Roche

    2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the results of a very deep imaging survey of the Trapezium Cluster in the IJH bands, using the UKIRT high resolution camera UFTI. Approximately 32% of the 515 point sources detected are brown dwarf candidates, including several free floating objects with masses below the Deuterium burning (planetary) threshold at 0.013 solar masses, which are detectable because of their extreme youth. We have confidence that almost all the sources detected are cluster members, since foreground contamination is minimal in the 33 arcmin^2 area surveyed and the dense backdrop of OMC-1 obscures all background stars at these wavelengths. Extinction is calculated from the (J-H)colours, permitting accurate luminosity estimates and temperatures are derived from the dereddened (I-J) colours. There is some evidence for a cut-off in the luminosity function below the level corresponding to several Jupiter masses, which may represent the bottom end of the IMF. Since star formation is complete in the Trapezium this limit could have wide significance, if confirmed. However, it could well be an effect of the dispersal of the molecular cloud by the central O-type stars, a process whose timescale will vary between star formation regions.

  20. Spitzer IRAC mid-infrared photometry of 500-750 brown dwarf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saumon, Didier [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leggett, Sandy K [GEMINI OBSERVATORY; Albert, Loic [CFH TELESCOPE; Artigau, Etienne [U OF MONTREAL; Burningham, Ben [HERTFORDSHIRE U; Delfosse, Xavier [OBS. GRENOBLE; Delorme, Philippe [ST. ANDREWS U.; Forveille, Thierry [OBS. GRENOBLE; Lucas, Philip W [HERTFORDSHIRE U; Marley, Mark S [NASA AMES; Pinfield, David J [HERTFORDSHIRE U.; Reyle, Celine [OBS. BESANCON; Smart, Richard L [OSS. ASTRON, TORINO; Warren, Stephen J [IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Mid-infrared data, including Spitzer warm-IRAC [3.6] and [4.5] photometry, is critical for understanding the cold population of brown dwarfs now being found, objects which have more in common with planets than stars. As effective temperature (T{sub eff}) drops from 800K to 400K, the fraction of flux emitted beyond 3 {mu}m increases rapidly, from about 40% to > 75%. This rapid increase makes a color like H-[4.5] a very sensitive temperature indicator, and it can be combined with a gravity- and metallicity-sensitive color like H-K to constrain all three of these fundamental properties, which in turn gives us mass and age for these slowly cooling objects. Determination of mid-infrared color trends also allows better exploitation of the WISE mission by the community. We use new Spitzer Cycle 6 IRAC photometry, together with published data, to present trends of color with type for L0 to T10 dwarfs. We also use the atmospheric and evolutionary models of Saumon and Marley to investigate the masses and ages of 13 very late-type T dwarfs, which have H-[4.5] > 3.2 and T{sub eff} {approx} 500K to 750K.

  1. A Brown Dwarf Microlens Candidate in the OGLE-II Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. C. Smith; S. Mao; P. R. Wozniak

    2003-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a unique mass determination for a microlensing event from the second phase of the Optical Gravitational Microlensing Experiment (OGLE-II). The event, sc26_2218, which is very bright (baseline magnitude I=15.10), appears to exhibit both parallax and finite source effects. The parallax effect allows us to determine the projected Einstein radius on the observer plane (approx. 3.8 AU), while the finite source effect allows us to determine the ratio of the angular source size and the angular Einstein radius. As the angular size of the star can be estimated using its color and magnitude, we can hence determine the angular Einstein radius (approx. 0.1 mas). By combining both the projected and angular Einstein radius we can determine the lens mass M = 0.050^{+0.016}_{-0.011} solar masses, independent of the source distance. The lens is therefore a brown dwarf candidate. However, the `parallax' signature is weak and so we cannot completely discount the possibility that these signatures originate from binary rotation of the source (which would prevent any estimate of the lens mass), rather than parallax. However, this can be tested by future spectroscopic observations. This event highlights the scientific returns for intense monitoring of bright microlensing events, since the parallax and finite source effects can be more easily identified due to their high signal-to-noise ratios.

  2. Brown oculocutaneous albinism is allelic to tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism in southern African Negroids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manga, P.; Ramsay, M.; Kromberg, J.; Jenkins, T. [Univ. of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brown oculocutaneous albinism (BOCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder involving a decrease in pigment of the skin, hair and eyes as well as decreased visual acuity. Evidence from two families who have co-existent BOCA and tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism (ty-pos OCA), suggests that the two conditions are allelic. Ty-pos OCA has been mapped to chromosome 15q11-q12 and the gene has been confirmed to be the human homologue (P) of the mouse pink-eyed dilute gene (p). Seven markers known to be linked to the P gene, D15S11, D15S10, MS14, GABA3, GABA5, IR10 and pCMW-1, were used to construct haplotypes in 5 families with BOCA. The haplotype data was subjected to linkage analysis and a maximum lod score of 2.85 ({theta} 0.0) was obtained. It has been reported previously that BOCA, in an Afro-American, was due to the lack of tyrosinase-protein 1 (Trp-1) in melanocytes. Trp-1 has been excluded as the disease-causing locus in the southern African families by linkage analysis with D9S43. A lod score of -2.02 was obtained at {theta} = 0.02.

  3. THE BIMODALITY OF ACCRETION IN T TAURI STARS AND BROWN DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vorobyov, E. I. [Institute for Computational Astrophysics, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, B3H 3C3 (Canada); Basu, Shantanu, E-mail: vorobyov@ap.smu.c, E-mail: basu@astro.uwo.c [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2009-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present numerical solutions of the collapse of prestellar cores that lead to the formation and evolution of circumstellar disks. The disk evolution is then followed for up to three million years. A variety of models of different initial masses and rotation rates allow us to study disk accretion around brown dwarfs and low-mass T Tauri stars (TTSs), with central object mass M{sub *} < 0.2 M{sub sun}, as well as intermediate- and upper-mass TTSs (0.2 M{sub sun} < M{sub *} < 3.0 M{sub sun}). Our models include self-gravity and allow for nonaxisymmetric motions. In addition to the self-consistently generated gravitational torques, we introduce an effective turbulent alpha-viscosity with alpha = 0.01, which allows us particularly to model accretion in the low-mass regime where disk self-gravity is diminishing. A range of models with observationally motivated values of the initial ratio of rotational-to-gravitational energy yield a correlation between mass accretion rate M-dot and M{sub *} that is relatively steep, as observed. Additionally, our modeling reveals evidence for a bimodality in the M-dot - M{sub *} correlation, with a steeper slope at lower masses and a shallower slope at intermediate and upper masses, as also implied by observations. Furthermore, we show that the neglect of disk self-gravity leads to a much steeper M-dot - M{sub *} relation for intermediate- and upper-mass TTSs. This demonstrates that an accurate treatment of global self-gravity is essential to understanding observations of circumstellar disks.

  4. Ozone induces glucose intolerance and systemic metabolic effects in young and aged brown Norway rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, V. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Gordon, C.J.; Jarema, K.A.; MacPhail, R.C. [Toxicity Assessment Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Cascio, W.E. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Phillips, P.M. [Toxicity Assessment Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Ledbetter, A.D.; Schladweiler, M.C. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Andrews, D. [Research Cores Unit, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Miller, D. [Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Doerfler, D.L. [Research Cores Unit, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Kodavanti, U.P., E-mail: kodavanti.urmila@epa.gov [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. We hypothesized that ozone would impair glucose homeostasis by altering insulin signaling and/or endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress in young and aged rats. One, 4, 12, and 24 month old Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to air or ozone, 0.25 or 1.0 ppm, 6 h/day for 2 days (acute) or 2 d/week for 13 weeks (subchronic). Additionally, 4 month old rats were exposed to air or 1.0 ppm ozone, 6 h/day for 1 or 2 days (time-course). Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were performed immediately after exposure. Serum and tissue biomarkers were analyzed 18 h after final ozone for acute and subchronic studies, and immediately after each day of exposure in the time-course study. Age-related glucose intolerance and increases in metabolic biomarkers were apparent at baseline. Acute ozone caused hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in rats of all ages. Ozone-induced glucose intolerance was reduced in rats exposed for 13 weeks. Acute, but not subchronic ozone increased ?{sub 2}-macroglobulin, adiponectin and osteopontin. Time-course analysis indicated glucose intolerance at days 1 and 2 (2 > 1), and a recovery 18 h post ozone. Leptin increased day 1 and epinephrine at all times after ozone. Ozone tended to decrease phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 in liver and adipose tissues. ER stress appeared to be the consequence of ozone induced acute metabolic impairment since transcriptional markers of ER stress increased only after 2 days of ozone. In conclusion, acute ozone exposure induces marked systemic metabolic impairments in BN rats of all ages, likely through sympathetic stimulation. - Highlights: • Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. • Acute ozone exposure produces profound metabolic alterations in rats. • Age influences metabolic risk factors in aging BN rats. • Acute metabolic effects are reversible and repeated exposure reduces these effects. • Ozone metabolic effects are only slightly exacerbated in geriatric rats.

  5. Rhizoctonia spp. associated with brown patch of St. Augustinegrass: isolate characterization, host range, and screening for resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Bernadette Murphy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resistance CONCLUSION LITERATURE CITED 13 13 18 18 25 27 34 41 45 VITA 50 LIST OF TABLES Page TABLE 1. Dates St. Augustinegrsss displaying brown patch symptoms was collected, location of the collection sites, and type of host tissue from..., drained, and placed under a laminar- flow hood on paper towels for 10 min to remove excess water. The cut end of each tip was dipped in molten Paraplast (Lancer Co. , St. Louis, NO. , 63103) to seal the wound. One tip was placed in each of the WA...

  6. Report on the culture of brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, in ponds receiving thermal effluent from a power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quarberg, Donald Martin

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . (December 1974) Donald Martin Quarberg, B. S. , University of Wisconsin--Stevens Point Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. David V. Aldrich During 1973 brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, were cultured in 0. 1 ha ponds designed to receive a constant supply... pond study in early August and the other was terminated in mid- September. Survival was under 0. 5%, growth less than 0. 6 mm/day, and production only 0. 53 and 1. 59 kg/ha. In September two ponds were each stocked with 50, two ponds with 500...

  7. THE BROWN DWARF KINEMATICS PROJECT (BDKP). III. PARALLAXES FOR 70 ULTRACOOL DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Shara, Michael M.; Cruz, Kelle L. [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10034 (United States); Burgasser, Adam J. [Center of Astrophysics and Space Sciences, Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 (United States); Walter, Frederick M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Van der Bliek, Nicole [CTIO/National Optical Astronomy Observatory (Chile); West, Andrew A. [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Ave Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Vrba, Frederick J. [US Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, P.O. Box 1149, Flagstaff, AZ 86002 (United States); Anglada-Escude, Guillem, E-mail: jfaherty@amnh.org [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington 5241 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)

    2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report parallax measurements for 70 ultracool dwarfs (UCDs) including 11 late-M, 32 L, and 27 T dwarfs. In this sample, 14 M and L dwarfs exhibit low surface gravity features, 6 are close binary systems, and 2 are metal-poor subdwarfs. We combined our new measurements with 114 previously published UCD parallaxes and optical-mid-IR photometry to examine trends in spectral-type/absolute magnitude, and color-color diagrams. We report new polynomial relations between spectral type and M{sub JHK}. Including resolved L/T transition binaries in the relations, we find no reason to differentiate between a 'bright' (unresolved binary) and a 'faint' (single source) sample across the L/T boundary. Isolating early T dwarfs, we find that the brightening of T0-T4 sources is prominent in M{sub J} where there is a [1.2-1.4] mag difference. A similar yet dampened brightening of [0.3-0.5] mag happens at M{sub H} and a plateau or dimming of [-0.2 to -0.3] mag is seen in M{sub K} . Comparison with evolutionary models that vary gravity, metallicity, and cloud thickness verifies that for L into T dwarfs, decreasing cloud thickness reproduces brown dwarf near-IR color-magnitude diagrams. However we find that a near constant temperature of 1200 {+-}100 K along a narrow spectral subtype of T0-T4 is required to account for the brightening and color-magnitude diagram of the L-dwarf/T-dwarf transition. There is a significant population of both L and T dwarfs which are red or potentially 'ultra-cloudy' compared to the models, many of which are known to be young indicating a correlation between enhanced photospheric dust and youth. For the low surface gravity or young companion L dwarfs we find that 8 out of 10 are at least [0.2-1.0] mag underluminous in M{sub JH} and/or M{sub K} compared to equivalent spectral type objects. We speculate that this is a consequence of increased dust opacity and conclude that low surface gravity L dwarfs require a completely new spectral-type/absolute magnitude polynomial for analysis.

  8. MARVELS-1b: A Short-Period, Brown Dwarf Desert Candidate from the SDSS-III MARVELS Planet Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Brian L; Fleming, Scott W; Stassun, Keivan G; Gaudi, B Scott; Barnes, Rory; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Eastman, Jason D; Wright, Jason; Siverd, Robert J; Gary, Bruce; Ghezzi, Luan; Laws, Chris; Wisniewski, John P; de Mello, G F Porto; Ogando, Ricardo L C; Maia, Marcio A G; da Costa, Luiz Nicolaci; Sivarani, Thirupathi; Pepper, Joshua; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Hebb, Leslie; De Lee, Nathan; Wang, Ji; Wan, Xiaoke; Zhao, Bo; Chang, Liang; Groot, John; Varosi, Frank; Hearty, Fred; Hanna, Kevin; van Eyken, J C; Kane, Stephen R; Agol, Eric; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Bochanski, John J; Brewington, Howard; Chen, Zhiping; Costello, Erin; Dou, Liming; Eisenstein, Daniel J; Fletcher, Adam; Ford, Eric B; Guo, Pengcheng; Holtzman, Jon A; Jiang, Peng; Leger, R French; Liu, Jian; Long, Daniel C; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Malik, Mohit; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Rohan, Pais; Schneider, Donald P; Shelden, Alaina; Snedden, Stephanie A; Simmons, Audrey; Weaver, B A; Weinberg, David H; Xie, Ji-Wei

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new short-period brown dwarf candidate around the star TYC 1240-00945-1. This candidate was discovered in the first year of the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey (MARVELS), which is part of the third phase of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), and we designate the brown dwarf as MARVELS-1b. MARVELS uses the technique of dispersed fixed-delay interferometery to simultaneously obtain radial velocity measurements for 60 objects per field using a single, custom-built instrument that is fiber fed from the SDSS 2.5-m telescope. From our 20 radial velocity measurements spread over a ~370 d time baseline, we derive a Keplerian orbital fit with semi-amplitude K=2.533+/-0.025 km/s, period P=5.8953+/-0.0004 d, and eccentricity consistent with circular. Independent follow-up radial velocity data confirm the orbit. Adopting a mass of 1.37+/-0.11 M_Sun for the slightly evolved F9 host star, we infer that the companion has a minimum mass of 28.0+/-1.5 M_Jup, a semimajor axis 0....

  9. 2MASS J035523.37+113343.7: A YOUNG, DUSTY, NEARBY, ISOLATED BROWN DWARF RESEMBLING A GIANT EXOPLANET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faherty, Jacqueline K. [Department of Astronomy, Universidad de Chile Cerro Calan, Las Condes (Chile); Rice, Emily L.; Cruz, Kelle L.; Nunez, Alejandro [Department of Astrophysics , American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10034 (United States); Mamajek, Eric E., E-mail: jfaherty17@gmail.com, E-mail: jfaherty@amnh.org [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present parallax and proper motion measurements, near-infrared spectra, and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer photometry for the low surface gravity L5{gamma} dwarf 2MASS J035523.37+113343.7 (2M0355). We use these data to evaluate photometric, spectral, and kinematic signatures of youth as 2M0355 is the reddest isolated L dwarf yet classified. We confirm its low-gravity spectral morphology and find a strong resemblance to the sharp triangular shaped H-band spectrum of the {approx}10 Myr planetary-mass object 2M1207b. We find that 2M0355 is underluminous compared to a normal field L5 dwarf in the optical and Mauna Kea Observatory J, H, and K bands and transitions to being overluminous from 3 to 12 {mu}m, indicating that enhanced photospheric dust shifts flux to longer wavelengths for young, low-gravity objects, creating a red spectral energy distribution. Investigating the near-infrared color-magnitude diagram for brown dwarfs confirms that 2M0355 is redder and underluminous compared to the known brown dwarf population, similar to the peculiarities of directly imaged exoplanets 2M1207b and HR8799bcd. We calculate UVW space velocities and find that the motion of 2M0355 is consistent with young disk objects (<2-3 Gyr) and it shows a high likelihood of membership in the AB Doradus association.

  10. The Analysis of Interference Effects in the Sum Frequency Spectra of Water Interfaces Mac G. Brown, Elizabeth A. Raymond, Heather C. Allen, Lawrence F. Scatena, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Geraldine L.

    The Analysis of Interference Effects in the Sum Frequency Spectra of Water Interfaces Mac G. Brown, Elizabeth A. Raymond, Heather C. Allen, Lawrence F. Scatena, and Geraldine L. Richmond* Department involve the surface of liquid water. Unfortunately, obtaining spectral fits to vibrational spectra

  11. Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpick, Robert W.

    Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew Mc Pressure Reservior Filter Variable Vane Pump Motor/Pump Hydraulic Accumulators Solenoid Valve Relief Valve Suction Line Since their development in 2006, hydraulic drivetrain systems have gained considerable

  12. The tropical brown alga Lobophora variegata as a bioindicator of mining1 contamination in the New Caledonia lagoon: a field transplantation study2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 The tropical brown alga Lobophora variegata as a bioindicator of mining1 contamination in the New field and laboratory studies have identified the alga Lobophora variegata as a good21 candidate key contaminants, i.e. Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cr,25 Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn. Algae from clean and contaminated

  13. A Lower Bound for the Risk in Estimating the Value of a Probability Density Author(s): Lawrence D. Brown and Roger H. Farrell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrence D.

    . Brown and Roger H. Farrell Source: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 85, No. 412 (Dec., 1990), pp. 1147- 1153 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable URL: http of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical

  14. Three-dimensional reconnection and relaxation of merging spheromak plasmas T. Gray, V. S. Lukin, M. R. Brown, and C. D. Cothran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    Three-dimensional reconnection and relaxation of merging spheromak plasmas T. Gray, V. S. Lukin, M-dimensional reconnection and relaxation of merging spheromak plasmas" [Phys. Plasmas17, 102106 (2010)] Phys. Plasmas 17 and relaxation of merging spheromak plasmas T. Gray,1,a V. S. Lukin,2 M. R. Brown,1 and C. D. Cothran1,b 1

  15. Motion and equilibrium of a spheromak in a toroidal flux conserver M. R. Brown,a) D. M. Cutrer, and P. M. Beilan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    Motion and equilibrium of a spheromak in a toroidal flux conserver M. R. Brown,a) D. M. Cutrer field). First, a fit of the in situ magnetic data of the spheromak in the tokamak vesselto a simple of the spheromakin the dc toroidal field of the tokamak are relevant to theories of spheromak/tokamak interaction.3

  16. Flow Dynamics of Spheromaks in SSX Mike Brown1, Chris Cothran1,2, David Cohen1, Jason Horwitz1,and Vernon Chaplin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    Flow Dynamics of Spheromaks in SSX Mike Brown1, Chris Cothran1,2, David Cohen1, Jason Horwitz1,and aspects of the computer models. Introduction -The Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX) is designed to study both basic plasma physics (reconnection) and fusion-related science (spheromaks and FRCs). Plasma

  17. J.D. Brown, J. Rosen, M. N. Sinanan, B. Hannaford, In-Vivo and Postmortem Compressive Properties of Porcine Abdominal Organs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compressive Properties of Porcine Abdominal Organs Jeffrey D. Brown1 , Jacob Rosen1 , Mika N. Sinanan2 , Blake The biomechanics of soft tissues that are load-bearing during physiological activities (muscles, tendons, intervertebral discs, cartilage, blood vessels) have been well stud- ied. The soft abdominal organs do not bear

  18. A CAUTIONARY TALE: MARVELS BROWN DWARF CANDIDATE REVEALS ITSELF TO BE A VERY LONG PERIOD, HIGHLY ECCENTRIC SPECTROSCOPIC STELLAR BINARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mack, Claude E. III; Stassun, Keivan G.; De Lee, Nathan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Ge, Jian; Fleming, Scott W. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL, 32611-2055 (United States); Deshpande, Rohit; Mahadevan, Suvrath [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Wisniewski, John P. [Homer L Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks St, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Gaudi, B. Scott; Eastman, Jason; Beatty, Thomas G. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Ghezzi, Luan [Observatorio Nacional, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay I.; Femenia, Bruno; Mata Sanchez, Daniel [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ferreira, Leticia; Porto de Mello, Gustavo [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia-LIneA, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Agol, Eric [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry, E-mail: claude.e.mack@vanderbilt.edu [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349-0059 (United States); and others

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a highly eccentric, double-lined spectroscopic binary star system (TYC 3010-1494-1), comprising two solar-type stars that we had initially identified as a single star with a brown dwarf companion. At the moderate resolving power of the MARVELS spectrograph and the spectrographs used for subsequent radial-velocity (RV) measurements (R {approx}< 30, 000), this particular stellar binary mimics a single-lined binary with an RV signal that would be induced by a brown dwarf companion (Msin i {approx} 50 M{sub Jup}) to a solar-type primary. At least three properties of this system allow it to masquerade as a single star with a very-low-mass companion: its large eccentricity (e {approx} 0.8), its relatively long period (P {approx} 238 days), and the approximately perpendicular orientation of the semi-major axis with respect to the line of sight ({omega} {approx} 189 Degree-Sign ). As a result of these properties, for {approx}95% of the orbit the two sets of stellar spectral lines are completely blended, and the RV measurements based on centroiding on the apparently single-lined spectrum is very well fit by an orbit solution indicative of a brown dwarf companion on a more circular orbit (e {approx} 0.3). Only during the {approx}5% of the orbit near periastron passage does the true, double-lined nature and large RV amplitude of {approx}15 km s{sup -1} reveal itself. The discovery of this binary system is an important lesson for RV surveys searching for substellar companions; at a given resolution and observing cadence, a survey will be susceptible to these kinds of astrophysical false positives for a range of orbital parameters. Finally, for surveys like MARVELS that lack the resolution for a useful line bisector analysis, it is imperative to monitor the peak of the cross-correlation function for suspicious changes in width or shape, so that such false positives can be flagged during the candidate vetting process.

  19. Ionisation in atmospheres of brown dwarfs and extrasolar planets VI: Properties of large-scale discharge events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R L; Hodos, G; Bilger, C; Stark, C R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mineral clouds in substellar atmospheres play a special role as a catalyst for a variety of charge processes. If clouds are charged, the surrounding environment becomes electrically activated, and ensembles of charged grains are electrically discharging (e.g. by lightning), which significantly infuences the local chemistry creating conditions similar to those thought responsible for life in early planetary atmospheres. We note that such lightning discharges contribute also to the ionisation state of the atmosphere. We apply scaling laws for electrical discharge processes from laboratory measurements and numerical experiments to Drift-Phoenix model atmosphere results to model the discharge's propagation downwards (as lightning) and upwards (as sprites) through the atmospheric clouds. We evaluate the spatial extent and energetics of lightning discharges. The atmospheric volume affected (e.g. by increase of temperature or electron number) is larger in a brown dwarf atmosphere ($10^8 -~10^{10}$m$^3$) than in a gi...

  20. Chromosome substitutions in progeny of hybrids Triticum aestivum x Triticum timopheevii resistant to brown rust and powdery mildew

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Badaeva, E.D. [Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Moscow (Russian Federation); Badaev, N.S. [Bioengineering Center, Moscow (Russian Federation); Enno, T.M.; Peusha, H.O. [Institute of Experimental Biology, Moscow (Russian Federation); Zeller, F.J. [Institut fuer Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzuechtung, Muenchen (Germany)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By the C-banding technique, chromosome analysis of introgressive wheat lines derived from the tetraploid species T. timopheevii and T. militinae, with complex immunity to pathogens, was performed. It is shown that all hybrid lines possess genetic material of T. timopheevii and are stable in chromosome number (2n = 6x = 42) and composition. In the lines studied, the number of substitutions per genome varied from one to three; variation in the spectrum of chromosome substitutions was observed. Karyotypes of lines 146-155-T, SMT 30, SMT 34, SMT 37, and SMT 45, resistant to brown rust and powdery mildew, had one common chromosome substitution 6B(6G). It is suggested that the resistance to pathogens of these lines is determined by chromosome 6G of T. timopheevii.

  1. Computing with living hardware K.A. Haynes, M.L. Broderick, A.D. Brown, T.L. Butner, L. Harden, L. Heard, E. Jessen, K. Malloy, B. Ogden,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, A. Malcolm

    Computing with living hardware K.A. Haynes, M.L. Broderick, A.D. Brown, T.L. Butner, L. Harden, L. Heard, E. Jessen, K. Malloy, B. Ogden, S. Rosemond, S. Simpson, E. Zwack, A. Malcolm Campbell, T

  2. 1D lanthanide halide crystals inserted into single-walled carbon nanotubes Cigang Xu,a Jeremy Sloan,ab Gareth Brown,ab Sam Bailey,a V. Clifford Williams,a Steffi Friedrichs,a Karl S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    ,ab Gareth Brown,ab Sam Bailey,a V. Clifford Williams,a Steffi Friedrichs,a Karl S. Coleman,a Emmanuel). Images were acquired digitally on a Gatan model 794 (1 k 3

  3. PAUL SHORT --MENS BROWN file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    PAUL SHORT -- MENS BROWN file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM] PAUL 163 183 191 27:03 1:28 22 Lafayette College 532 11 107 115 147 152 225 27:01 2:11 23 South Florida 564 file:///Users/bkatten/Desktop/R092812AF.html[9/28/12 4:04:11 PM] West Chester Universi 14 wins Vassar

  4. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  5. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  6. Radial velocity survey for planets and brown dwarf companions to very young brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars in ChaI with UVES at the VLT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Joergens

    2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results of a radial velocity (RV) survey for planets and brown dwarf (BD) companions to very young BDs and (very) low-mass stars (VLMSs) in ChaI. High-resolution echelle spectra of ChaHa1-8 and 12 (M6-M8), and B34, CHXR74, Sz23 (M2.5-M5) were taken with UVES / VLT between 2000 and 2004. The achieved precision (40 to 670 m/s) is sufficient to detect Jupiter mass planets around the targets. This first RV survey of very young BDs probes multiplicity which is a key parameter for formation in an as yet unexplored domain, in terms of age, mass, and orbital separation. We find that the subsample of ten BDs and VLMSs (M150 days, which cannot be explained by rotational modulation. An alternative explanation are giant planets / BDs of at least a few Jupiter masses orbiting with periods of several months or longer. Thus, the presented RV data indicate that orbital periods of companions to very young BDs and (V)LMSs are possibly several months or longer, and that orbital separations are > 0.2 AU. This parameter range has not been covered for all targets yet, but will be probed by follow-up observations.

  7. The theory of globulettes: candidate precursors of brown dwarfs and free floating planets in H II regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haworth, Thomas J; Clarke, Cathie J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large numbers of small opaque dust clouds - termed 'globulettes' by Gahm et al - have been observed in the H II regions surrounding young stellar clusters. With masses typically in the planetary (or low mass brown dwarf) regime, these objects are so numerous in some regions (e.g. the Rosette) that, if only a small fraction of them could ultimately collapse, then they would be a very significant source of free floating planets. Here we review the properties of globulettes and present a theoretical framework for their structure and evolution. We demonstrate that their interior structure is well described by a pressure confined isothermal Bonnor-Ebert sphere and that the observed mass-radius relation (mass approximately proportional to the radius squared) is a systematic consequence of a column density threshold below which components of the globulette are not identified. We also find that globulettes with this interior structure are very stable against collapse within H II regions. We follow Gahm et al in assum...

  8. A k-NN METHOD TO CLASSIFY RARE ASTRONOMICAL SOURCES: PHOTOMETRIC SEARCH OF BROWN DWARFS WITH SPITZER/IRAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marengo, Massimo [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Sanchez, Mayly C. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)], E-mail: mmarengo@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: mayly.sanchez@anl.gov

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a statistical method for the photometric search of rare astronomical sources based on the weighted k-Nearest Neighbors method. A metric is defined in a multidimensional color-magnitude space based only on the photometric properties of template sources and the photometric uncertainties of both templates and data, without the need to define ad hoc color and magnitude cuts which could bias the search. The metric is defined as a function of two parameters, the number of neighbors k and a threshold distance D {sub th} that can be optimized for maximum selection efficiency and completeness. We apply the method to the search of L and T dwarfs in the Spitzer Extragalactic First Look Survey and the Booetes field of the Spitzer Shallow Survey, as well as to the search of substellar mass companions around nearby stars. With high level of completeness, we confirm the absence of late-T dwarfs detected in at least two bands in the First Look Survey, and only one in the Shallow Survey (previously discovered by Stern et al.). This result is in agreement with the expected statistics for late-T dwarfs. One L/early-T candidate is found in the First Look Survey, and three in the Shallow Surveys, currently undergoing follow-up spectroscopic verification. Finally, we discuss the potential for brown dwarf searches with this method in the Spitzer warm mission Exploration Science programs.

  9. Biosynthesis and intracellular movement of the melanosomal membrane glycoprotein gp75, the human b (brown) locus product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vijayasaradhi, S.; Doskoch, P.M.; Houghton, A.N. (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States) Cornell Univ., New York, NY (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 75-kDa melanosomal glycoprotein (gp75) is the product of a gene that maps to the b (brown) locus, a genetic locus that determines coat color in the mouse. The b locus is conserved (88% identity) between mouse and human. The mouse monoclonal antibody TA99 was used to study the biosynthesis and processing of gp75. gp75 was synthesized as a 55-kDa polypeptide, glycosylated by addition and processing of five or more Asn-linked carbohydrate chains through the cis and trans Golgi, and transported to melanosomes as a mature 75-kDa form. Synthesis and processing of gp75 was rapid (T{sub 1/2} < 30 min), and early steps in processing were required for efficient export of gp75 was quite stable in the melanosome. Studies with inhibitors of steps in oligosaccharide processing showed that alternative forms of gp75 were generated during trimming reactions by mannosidase IA/IB and that further maturation resulted in the two mature forms of gp75. The authors purpose that the kinetics of biosynthesis and processing reflect events in the biogenesis and maturation of melanosomes.

  10. The number fraction of discs around brown dwarfs in Orion OB1a and the 25 Orionis group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downes, Juan José; Ballesteros-Paredes, Javier; Mateu, Cecilia; Briceño, César; Hernández, Jesús; Petr-Gotzens, Monika G; Calvet, Nuria; Hartmann, Lee; Mauco, Karina

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of 15 new brown dwarfs belonging to the $\\sim7$ Myr old 25 Orionis group and Orion OB1a sub-association with spectral types between M6 and M9 and estimated masses between $\\sim0.07$M$_\\odot$ and $\\sim0.01$ M$_\\odot$. By comparing them through a Bayesian method with low mass stars ($0.8\\lesssim$ M/M$_\\odot\\lesssim0.1$) from previous works in the 25 Orionis group, we found statistically significant differences in the number fraction of classical T Tauri stars, weak T Tauri stars, class II, evolved discs and purely photospheric emitters at both sides of the sub-stellar mass limit. Particularly we found a fraction of $3.9^{+2.4}_{-1.6}~\\%$ low mass stars classified as CTTS and class II or evolved discs, against a fraction of $33.3^{+10.8}_{-9.8}~\\%$ in the sub-stellar mass domain. Our results support the suggested scenario in which the dissipation of discs is less efficient for decreasing mass of the central object.

  11. Effect of Solar Radiation on the Optical Properties and Molecular Composition of Laboratory Proxies of Atmospheric Brown Carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Hyun Ji; Aiona, Paige K.; Laskin, Alexander; Laskin, Julia; Nizkorodov, Sergey

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Sources, optical properties, and chemical composition of atmospheric brown carbon (BrC) aerosol are uncertain, making it challenging to estimate its contribution to radiative forcing. Furthermore, optical properties of BrC may change significantly during its atmospheric aging. We examined the effect of solar photolysis on the molecular composition, mass absorption coefficient, and fluorescence of secondary organic aerosol prepared by high-NOx photooxidation of naphthalene (NAP SOA). The aqueous solutions of NAP SOA was observed to photobleach with an effective half-time of ?15 hours (with sun in its zenith) for the loss of the near-UV (300 -400 nm) absorbance. The molecular composition of NAP SOA was significantly modified by photolysis, with the average SOA formula changing from C14.1H14.5O5.1N0.08 to C11.8H14.9O4.5N0.02 after 4 hours of irradiation. The average O/C ratio did not change significantly, however, suggesting that it is not a good metric for assessing the extent of photolysis-driven aging in NAP SOA (and in BrC in general). In contrast to NAP SOA, the photolysis of BrC material produced by aqueous reaction of limonene+O3 SOA (LIM/O3 SOA) with ammonium sulfate was much faster, but it did not result in a significant change in the molecular level composition. The characteristic absorbance of the aged LIM/O3 SOA in the 450-600 nm range decayed with an effective half-time of <0.5 hour. This result emphasizes the highly variable and dynamic nature of different types of atmospheric BrC.

  12. Solar wind oscillations with a 1.3 year period John D. Richardson, Karolen I. Paularena, John W. Belcher, and Alan J. Lazaru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    Solar wind oscillations with a 1.3 year period s C John D. Richardson, Karolen I. Paularena, John W Abstract. The IMP-8 and Voyager 2 spacecraft have ecently detected a very strong modulation in the solar. Introduction The Sun emits a continuous stream of ionized particles s d called the solar wind. This wind

  13. Voyager 2 Fine-Scale Velocity Oscillations at 48 AU K. I. Paularena, J. W. Belcher, J. D. Richardson, G. S. Gordon, Jr., and A. J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    are observed, the pick-up pressure far exceeds the pressure of the thermal solar wind proton population observed upstream of planetary bow shocks. Anomalous cosmic ray protons with 100 MeV energies satisfy to upstream waves observed at planetary bow shocks. Observations The bottom panel of Figure 1 shows a plot

  14. The Role of Wave-Induced CoriolisStokes Forcing on the Wind-Driven Mixed Layer JEFF A. POLTON,* DAVID M. LEWIS, AND STEPHEN E. BELCHER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    The Role of Wave-Induced Coriolis­Stokes Forcing on the Wind-Driven Mixed Layer JEFF A. POLTON in the direction along wave crests. How this Coriolis­Stokes forcing affects the mean current profile in a wind. It is shown how, for this oceanic regime, the Coriolis­Stokes forcing supports a fraction of the applied wind

  15. A study of the distribution and condition of brown shrimp in the primary nursery areas of the Galveston Bay System, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Jack C

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF THE DISTRIBUTION AND CONDITION OF BROWN SHRIMP IN THE PRIMARY NURSERY AREAS OF THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM, TEXAS A Thesis by Jack Clark Parker Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject: Biological Oceanography A STUDY OF THE DISTRIBUTION AND CONDITION OF BROHN SHRIMP IN THE PRIMARY NURSERY AREAS OF THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM, TEXAS A Thesis Jack Clark Parker...

  16. LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE WILLIAM P. QUIGLEY* Dear Bridgette: I am. For further reading on this topic, see William P. Quigley, Revolution- ary Lawyering: Addressing the Root

  17. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    ' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene Arabia show a color change, from white during the time of low droplet number concentration, to brown by the cloud is investigated and the changes in cloud properties are documented. Conclusions The 'brown' ice

  18. Changes in char structure during the gasification of a Victorian brown coal in steam and oxygen at 800{degree}C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xin Guo; Hui Ling Tay; Shu Zhang; Chun-Zhu Li [Monash University, Vic. (Australia). Department of Chemical Engineering

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Char structure is an important factor influencing its reactivity during gasification. This study aims to investigate the changes in char structure during the gasification of brown coal. A Victorian brown coal was gasified in a fluidized-bed/fixed-bed reactor at 800{degree}C in atmospheres containing 15% H{sub 2}O, 2000 ppm O{sub 2}, or 15% H{sub 2}O and 2000 ppm O{sub 2}, respectively. Although the char gasification in 2000 ppm O{sub 2} was mainly rate-limited by the external diffusion of O{sub 2}, the char-H{sub 2}O reaction was mainly rate-limited by the chemical reactions. The structural features of char at different levels of char gasification conversion were examined with FT-Raman spectroscopy. Our results show that the chars from the gasification in the mixture of 2000 ppm O{sub 2} and 15% H{sub 2}O had almost the same features as the chars from the gasification in 15% H{sub 2}O alone when the same levels of char conversion were achieved. Both the thermal decomposition of char and the char gasification reactions could result in changes in char structure during gasification. 29 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Brown Bag Teaching Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    151, January 25, 1997 Religious schools inspire math reasoning In Israel, as in other technological societies, public elementary and high schools expose ...

  20. Brown Chapter 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    settlement: In this case, the court may have to make a two- part deciswn. .... to take the vehicle to a wrecker and retain any salvage value ... For example, if a ?re causes a power outage, and as a result of ... after year (at least nothing in excess of the deductible). ..... apartment building is damaged by wind, ?re or other insured.

  1. Lawrence G Brown: Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Geometric methods in operator algebras (Kyoto, 1983), volume 123 of Pitman Res. Notes Math. Ser., pages 1-35. Longman Sci. Tech., Harlow, 1986.

  2. Brown Bag Teaching Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Undergraduate Committee is currently discussing proposals for incorporating spreadsheet programming into our new Mathematics-Business option.

  3. Brown Chapter 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    associated with the injury of a third party in a car accident for which you are responsible. Examples of early informal insurance arrangements can be found in the ...

  4. Interview of Dan Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Dan

    2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    .W. Cook, was a good chemist and he had been associated with the Chester Beatty Research Institute in London and had been involved in the chemistry of carcinogens from coal tar and soot from which were extracted several pure crystalline compounds which when... Beatty for a further year and read a lot; got interested in certain aspects of nucleic acid chemistry; the subject was in confusion; the head of Chester Beatty said I should go to Cambridge for a while and learn some nucleic acid chemistry with Alexander...

  5. Brown Chapter 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter One outlined the reasons that consumers buy insur- ance. In Chapter 2 we will ..... nuclear weapon, and, of course, collision. If coverage is provided for ...

  6. Risk Assessment Sally Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    for our safety. Municipal Biosolids The situation is similar for municipal biosolids. Although all of us contribute to the production of biosolids, the use of biosolids is generally not something we think about on a day to day basis. For biosolids, there is the combination of federal agencies (here EPA), state

  7. Idaho_Brown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogenIT | NationalMentoringWind Power -Mtn.City

  8. brown-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ..., ,+ . :, ,. ., ,., ,, '..' .30,LASEHigh

  9. brown-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ..., ,+ . :, ,. ., ,., ,, '..'

  10. UPS, the UPS brandmark and the color brown are trademarks that are used with permission by the owner, United Parcel Service of America, Inc. All rights reserved. You may type directly into this form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    UPS, the UPS brandmark and the color brown are trademarks that are used with permission VALUE Post / Zip Post / Zip UPS NEXT DAY AIR® Most deliveries made by 10:30 a.m. UPS GROUND Delivery in 1­5 business days (in-state deliveries usually arrive next day) UPS WORLDWIDE SAVERSM Int'l Service

  11. Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds indicated a color change in the accumulated ice. Specifically, the ice color changed from white, during concentrations observed (as well as other changes in the convective cloud properties that were documented

  12. Apollo 15 yellow-brown volcanic glass: Chemistry and petrogenetic relations to green volcanic glass and olivine-normative mare basalts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, S.S.; Schmitt, R.A.; (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (USA)); Delano, J.W. (State Univ. of New York, Albany (USA))

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apollo 15 yellow-brown glass is one of twenty-five, high Mg, primary magmas emplaced on the lunar surface in pyroclastic eruptions. Forty spherules of this glass were individually analyzed by electron microprobe and INAA for major- and trace-elements. The abundances demonstrate that this primary magma was produced by partial melting of differentiated cumulates in the lunar mantle. Models are developed to explain the possible source-regions of several Apollo 15 and Apollo 12 low-Ti mare magmas as being products of hybridization involving three ancient differentiated components of a primordial lunar magma ocean: (a) early olivine {plus minus} orthopyroxene cumulates; (b) late-stage clinopyroxene + pigeonite + ilmenite + plagioclase cumulates; and (c) late-stage inter-cumulus liquid.

  13. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE NEARBY L/T BINARY BROWN DWARF WISE J104915.57-531906.1 AT 2 pc FROM THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kniazev, A. Y.; Vaisanen, P.; Potter, S. B.; Crawford, S.; Gulbis, A. A. S. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, 7935 Observatory, Cape Town (South Africa); Muzic, K.; Mehner, A.; Boffin, H. M. J.; Melo, C.; Ivanov, V. D.; Girard, J.; Mawet, D.; Schmidtobreick, L. [European Southern Observatory, Ave. Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile); Kurtev, R.; Borissova, J. [Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia, Universidad de Valparaiso, Av. Gran Bretana 1111, Playa Ancha, 5030 Casilla (Chile); Huelamo, N. [CAB (INTA-CSIC), LAEFF, P.O. Box 78, E-28691 Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid (Spain); Minniti, D. [Departamento Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Santiago (Chile); Ishibashi, K. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Beletsky, Y. [Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Colina el Pino, Casilla 601 La Serena (Chile); Buckley, D. A. H. [Southern African Large Telescope Foundation, P.O. Box 9, 7935 Observatory, Cape Town (South Africa); and others

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    WISE J104915.57-531906.1 is a L/T brown dwarf binary located 2 pc from the Sun. The pair contains the closest known brown dwarfs and is the third closest known system, stellar or sub-stellar. We report comprehensive follow-up observations of this newly uncovered system. We have determined the spectral types of both components (L8 {+-} 1, for the primary, agreeing with the discovery paper; T1.5 {+-} 2 for the secondary, which was lacking spectroscopic type determination in the discovery paper) and, for the first time, their radial velocities (V{sub rad} {approx} 23.1, 19.5 km s{sup -1}) using optical spectra obtained at the Southern African Large Telescope and other facilities located at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO). The relative radial velocity of the two components is smaller than the range of orbital velocities for theoretically predicted masses, implying that they form a gravitationally bound system. We report resolved near-infrared JHK{sub S} photometry from the Infrared Survey Facility telescope at the SAAO which yields colors consistent with the spectroscopically derived spectral types. The available kinematic and photometric information excludes the possibility that the object belongs to any of the known nearby young moving groups or associations. Simultaneous optical polarimetry observations taken at the SAAO 1.9 m give a non-detection with an upper limit of 0.07%. For the given spectral types and absolute magnitudes, 1 Gyr theoretical models predict masses of 0.04-0.05 M{sub Sun} for the primary, and 0.03-0.05 M{sub Sun} for the secondary.

  14. Rapid gasification of nascent char in steam atmosphere during the pyrolysis of Na- and Ca-ion-exchanged brown coals in a drop-tube reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondej Maek; Sou Hosokai; Koyo Norinaga; Chun-Zhu Li; Jun-ichiro Hayashi [Hokkaido University, Kita-ku (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Several recent studies on in situ steam gasification of coal suggest a possibility of extremely fast steam gasification of char from rapid pyrolysis of pulverized brown coal. The unprecedented rate of char steam gasification can be achieved by exposing nascent char, that is, after tar evolution (temperature range >600{sup o}C), but before devolatilization (<900{sup o}C), to steam in the presence of Na and/or Ca dispersed in/on the char. In this study, we conducted rapid pyrolysis experiments using ion-exchanged Loy Yang brown coal samples, that is, H-form coal with Na/Ca contents <0.001 wt %, Na-form coal with Na content = 2.8 wt % and Ca-form coal with Ca content = 3.2 wt %. These samples were pyrolyzed in an atmospheric drop-tube reactor at a temperature of 900{sup o}C, inlet steam concentration of 50 vol. %, and a particle residence times of 2.8 s. The char yields from the pyrolysis of Na-form and Ca-form coals were as low as 12 and 33% on the respective coal carbon bases, and accounted for only 18 and 53% of the char yields from the full devolatilization of the respective coals at 900{sup o}C. In addition, the pyrolysis also consumed as much as 0.7-1.1 mol of H{sub 2}O per mol of coal C. On the other hand, the nascent char from the H-form coal allowed carbon deposition from the nascent tar, resulting in a char yield as high as 115% of that from the full devolatilization. The chars from the Na-form and Ca-form coals also acted as catalysts for steam reforming of tar, which was evidenced by significant negative synergistic effects of blending of H-form coal with Na-form coal or Ca-form coal on the tar and soot yields. 57 refs., 6 figs.

  15. Very Low Mass Stellar and Substellar Companions to Solar-like Stars From MARVELS IV: A Candidate Brown Dwarf or Low-Mass Stellar Companion to HIP 67526

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Peng; Cargile, Phillip; Crepp, Justin R; De Lee, Nathan; de Mello, Gustavo F Porto; Esposito, Massimiliano; Ferreira, Letícia D; Femenia, Bruno; Fleming, Scott W; Gaudi, B Scott; Ghezzi, Luan; Hernández, Jonay I González; Hebb, Leslie; Lee, Brian L; Ma, Bo; Stassun, Keivan G; Wang, Ji; Wisniewski, John P; Agol, Eric; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Chang, Liang; da Costa, Luiz Nicolaci; Eastman, Jason D; Ebelke, Garrett; Gary, Bruce; Kane, Stephen R; Li, Rui; Liu, Jian; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Maia, Marcio A G; Malanushenko, Viktor; Malanushenko, Elena; Muna, Demitri; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Ogando, Ricardo L C; Oravetz, Audrey; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Pepper, Joshua; Paegert, Martin; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Rebolo, Rafael; Santiago, Basilio X; Schneider, Donald P; Bradley, Alaina C Shelden; Sivarani, Thirupathi; Snedden, Stephanie; van Eyken, J C; Wan, Xiaoke; Weaver, Benjamin A; Zhao, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a candidate brown dwarf or a very low mass stellar companion (MARVELS-5b) to the star HIP 67526 from the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS). The radial velocity curve for this object contains 31 epochs spread over 2.5 years. Our Keplerian fit using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach, reveals that the companion has an orbital period of $90.2695^{+0.0188}_{-0.0187}$ days, an eccentricity of $0.4375 \\pm 0.0040$ and a semi-amplitude of $2948.14^{+16.65}_{-16.55}$ m s$^{-1}$. Using additional high-resolution spectroscopy, we find the host star has an effective temperature $T_{\\rm{eff}}=6004 \\pm 34$ K, a surface gravity $\\log g$ [cgs] $=4.55 \\pm 0.17$ and a metallicity [Fe/H] $=+0.04 \\pm 0.06$. The stellar mass and radius determined through the empirical relationship of Torres et al. (2010), yields 1.10$\\pm$0.09 $M_{\\sun}$ and 0.92$\\pm$0.19 $R_{\\sun}$. The minimum mass of MARVELS-5b is $65.0 \\pm 2.9 M_{Jup}$, indicating that it is likely to be either a...

  16. Dust in brown dwarfs and extra-solar planets IV. Assessing TiO2 and SiO nucleation for cloud formation modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, G; Giles, H; Bromley, S T

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clouds form in atmospheres of brown dwarfs and planets. The cloud particle formation processes are similar to the dust formation process studied in circumstellar shells of AGB stars and in Supernovae. Cloud formation modelling in substellar objects requires gravitational settling and element replenishment in addition to element depletion. All processes depend on the local conditions, and a simultaneous treatment is required. We apply new material data in order to assess our cloud formation model results regarding the treatment of the formation of condensation seeds. We re-address the question of the primary nucleation species in view of new (TiO2)_N-cluster data and new SiO vapour pressure data. We apply the density functional theory using the computational chemistry package Gaussian 09 to derive updated thermodynamical data for (TiO2)_N-clusters as input for our TiO2 seed formation model. We test different nucleation treatments and their effect on the overall cloud structure by solving a system of dust momen...

  17. BANYAN. VI. Discovery of a companion at the brown dwarf/planet-mass limit to a Tucana-Horologium M dwarf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artigau, Étienne; Faherty, Jacqueline; Malo, Lison; Naud, Marie-Eve; Doyon, René; Lafrenière, David; Beletsky, Yuri

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a substellar companion to 2MASS J02192210-3925225, a young M6 $\\gamma$ candidate member of the Tucana-Horologium association (30 - 40 Myr). This L4 $\\gamma$ companion has been discovered with seeing-limited direct imaging observations; at a 4" separation (160AU) and a modest contrast ratio, it joins the very short list of young low-mass companions amenable to study without the aid of adaptive optics, enabling its characterization with a much wider suite of instruments than is possible for companions uncovered by high-contrast imaging surveys. With a model-dependent mass of 12-15MJup, it straddles the boundary between the planet and brown dwarf mass regimes. We present near-infrared spectroscopy of this companion and compare it to various similar objects uncovered in the last few years. The J0219-3925 system falls in a sparsely populated part of the host mass versus mass ratio diagram for binaries; the dearth of known similar companions may be due to observational biases in previous ...

  18. Discovery of a Brown Dwarf Companion to Gliese 570ABC: A 2MASS T Dwarf Significantly Cooler than Gliese 229B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Burgasser; J. D. Kirkpatrick; R. M. Cutri; H. McCallon; G. Kopan; J. E. Gizis; J. Liebert; I. N. Reid; M. E. Brown; D. G. Monet; C. C. Dahn; C. A. Beichman; M. F. Skrutskie

    2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a widely separated (258$\\farcs3\\pm0\\farcs$4) T dwarf companion to the Gl 570ABC system. This new component, Gl 570D, was initially identified from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). Its near-infrared spectrum shows the 1.6 and 2.2 $\\micron$ CH$_4$ absorption bands characteristic of T dwarfs, while its common proper motion with the Gl 570ABC system confirms companionship. Gl 570D (M$_J$ = 16.47$\\pm$0.07) is nearly a full magnitude dimmer than the only other known T dwarf companion, Gl 229B, and estimates of L = (2.8$\\pm$0.3)x10$^{-6}$ L$_{\\sun}$ and T$_{eff}$ = 750$\\pm$50 K make it significantly cooler and less luminous than any other known brown dwarf companion. Using evolutionary models by Burrows et al. and an adopted age of 2-10 Gyr, we derive a mass estimate of 50$\\pm$20 M$_{Jup}$ for this object.

  19. The dynamical evolution of low-mass hydrogen-burning stars, brown dwarfs and planetary-mass objects formed through disc fragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yun; Stamatellos, D; Goodwin, S P

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory and simulations suggest that it is possible to form low-mass hydrogen-burning stars, brown dwarfs and planetary-mass objects via disc fragmentation. As disc fragmentation results in the formation of several bodies at comparable distances to the host star, their orbits are generally unstable. Here, we study the dynamical evolution of these objects. We set up the initial conditions based on the outcomes of the SPH simulations of Stamatellos & Whitworth, and for comparison we also study the evolution of systems resulting from lower-mass fragmenting discs. We refer to these two sets of simulations as set 1 and set 2. At 10 Myr, approximately half of the host stars have one companion left, and approximately 22% (set 1) to 9.8% (set 2) of the host stars are single. Systems with multiple secondaries in relatively stable configurations are common (about 30% and 44%, respectively). The majority of the companions are ejected within 1 Myr with velocities mostly below 5 km/s, with some runaway escapers with ve...

  20. Effects of alien and intraspecies cytoplasms on manifestation of nuclear genes for wheat resistance to brown rust: II. Specificity of cytoplasm influence on different Lr genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voluevich, E.A.; Buloichik, A.A.; Palilova, A.N. [Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Minsk (Belarus)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specificity of expression of the major nuclear genes Lr to two brown rust clones in hybrids with the same maternal cytoplasm was analyzed. It was evaluated by a resistant: susceptible ratio in the F{sub 2}. Reciprocal hybrids were obtained from the cross between the progeny of homozygous susceptible plants of the cultivar Penjamo 62 and its alloplasmatic lines carrying cytoplasms of Triticum dicoccoides var. fulvovillosum, Aegilops squarrosa var. typical, Agropyron trichophorum, and isogenic lines of the cultivar Thatcher (Th) with the Lr1, Lr9, Lr15, and Lr19 genes. It was shown that the effect of the Lr1 gene in the cytoplasm of cultivar Thatcher and in eu-, and alloplasmatic forms of Penjamo 62 was less expressed than that of other Lr genes. Cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (dicoccoides)-Penjamo 62 was the only exception: in the F{sub 2}, hybrids with Th (Lr1) had a higher yield of resistant forms than those with Th (Lr15). In the hybrid combinations studied, expression and/or transmission of the Lr19 gene was more significant than that of other genes. This gene had no advantages over Lr15 and Lr19 only in cytoplasm of the alloplasmatic line (squarrosa)-Penjamo 62. In certain hybrid cytoplasms, the display of the Lr1, Lr15, and Lr19 genes, in contrast to Lr9, varied with the virulence of the pathogen clones. 15 refs., 5 tabs.

  1. A THERMAL INFRARED IMAGING STUDY OF VERY LOW MASS, WIDE-SEPARATION BROWN DWARF COMPANIONS TO UPPER SCORPIUS STARS: CONSTRAINING CIRCUMSTELLAR ENVIRONMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Vanessa; Hinz, Philip M.; Su, Kate Y. L.; Hoffmann, William F.; Rieke, George; Rodigas, Timothy; Skemer, Andrew; Vaitheeswaran, Vidhya [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Currie, Thayne [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Esposito, Simone; Pinna, Enrico; Puglisi, Alfio [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)] [Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Hill, John M. [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Jones, Terry [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Kim, Jihun [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)] [College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 E. University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Leisenring, Jarron; Meyer, Michael [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule-Zuerich, CH-8093 (Switzerland)] [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule-Zuerich, CH-8093 (Switzerland); Murray-Clay, Ruth; Skrutskie, Michael F. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Nelson, Matthew J., E-mail: vbailey@as.arizona.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); and others

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a 3-5 {mu}m LBT/MMT adaptive optics imaging study of three Upper Scorpius stars with brown dwarf (BD) companions with very low masses/mass ratios (M{sub BD} <25 M{sub Jup}; M{sub BD}/M{sub *} Almost-Equal-To 1%-2%) and wide separations (300-700 AU): GSC 06214, 1RXS 1609, and HIP 78530. We combine these new thermal IR data with existing 1-4 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m photometry to constrain the properties of the BDs and identify evidence for circumprimary/circumsecondary disks in these unusual systems. We confirm that GSC 06214B is surrounded by a disk, further showing that this disk produces a broadband IR excess due to small dust near the dust sublimation radius. An unresolved 24 {mu}m excess in the system may be explained by the contribution from this disk. 1RXS 1609B exhibits no 3-4 {mu}m excess, nor does its primary; however, the system as a whole has a modest 24 {mu}m excess, which may come from warm dust around the primary and/or BD. Neither object in the HIP 78530 system exhibits near- to mid-IR excesses. We additionally find that the 1-4 {mu}m colors of HIP 78530B match a spectral type of M3 {+-} 2, inconsistent with the M8 spectral type assigned based on its near-IR spectrum, indicating that it may be a low-mass star rather than a BD. We present new upper limits on additional low-mass companions in the system (<5 M{sub Jup} beyond 175 AU). Finally, we examine the utility of circumsecondary disks as probes of the formation histories of wide BD companions, finding that the presence of a disk may disfavor BD formation near the primary with subsequent outward scattering.

  2. VERY LOW MASS STELLAR AND SUBSTELLAR COMPANIONS TO SOLAR-LIKE STARS FROM MARVELS. IV. A CANDIDATE BROWN DWARF OR LOW-MASS STELLAR COMPANION TO HIP 67526

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Peng; Ge Jian; De Lee, Nathan; Fleming, Scott W.; Lee, Brian L.; Ma Bo; Wang, Ji [Astronomy Department, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Cargile, Phillip; Hebb, Leslie; Stassun, Keivan G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Porto de Mello, Gustavo F.; Ferreira, Leticia D. [Observatorio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ladeira do Pedro Antonio, 43, CEP: 20080-090, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Esposito, Massimiliano; Femenia, Bruno; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay I. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lactea S/N, E-38200 La Laguna (Spain); Gaudi, B. Scott [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Ghezzi, Luan [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia (LIneA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Wisniewski, John P. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Agol, Eric, E-mail: jpaty@mail.ustc.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); and others

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a candidate brown dwarf (BD) or a very low mass stellar companion (MARVELS-5b) to the star HIP 67526 from the Multi-object Apache point observatory Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS). The radial velocity curve for this object contains 31 epochs spread over 2.5 yr. Our Keplerian fit, using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach, reveals that the companion has an orbital period of 90.2695{sup +0.0188}{sub -0.0187} days, an eccentricity of 0.4375 {+-} 0.0040, and a semi-amplitude of 2948.14{sup +16.65}{sub -16.55} m s{sup -1}. Using additional high-resolution spectroscopy, we find the host star has an effective temperature T{sub eff} = 6004 {+-} 34 K, a surface gravity log g (cgs) =4.55 {+-} 0.17, and a metallicity [Fe/H] =+0.04 {+-} 0.06. The stellar mass and radius determined through the empirical relationship of Torres et al. yields 1.10 {+-} 0.09 M{sub Sun} and 0.92 {+-} 0.19 R{sub Sun }. The minimum mass of MARVELS-5b is 65.0 {+-} 2.9M{sub Jup}, indicating that it is likely to be either a BD or a very low mass star, thus occupying a relatively sparsely populated region of the mass function of companions to solar-type stars. The distance to this system is 101 {+-} 10 pc from the astrometric measurements of Hipparcos. No stellar tertiary is detected in the high-contrast images taken by either FastCam lucky imaging or Keck adaptive optics imaging, ruling out any star with mass greater than 0.2 M{sub Sun} at a separation larger than 40 AU.

  3. Mutation in and lack of expression of tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) in melanocytes from an individual with brown oculocutaneous albinism: A new subtype of albinism classified as {open_quotes}OCA3{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boissy, R.E.; Zhao, H.; Austin, L.M.; Boissy, Y.L.; Zhao, Y. [Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH (United States)] [and others

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most types of human oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) result from mutations in the gene for tyrosinase (OCA1) or the P protein (OCA2), although other types of OCA have been described but have not been mapped to specific loci. Melanocytes were cultured from an African-American with OCA, who exhibited the phenotype of Brown OCA, and his normal fraternal twin. Melanocytes cultured from the patient with OCA and the normal twin appeared brown versus black, respectively. Melanocytes from both the patient with OCA and the normal twin demonstrated equal amounts of NP-40-soluble melanin; however, melanocytes from the patient with OCA contained only 7% of the amount of insoluble melanin found from the normal twin. Tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) was not detected in the OCA melanocytes by use of various anti-TRP-1 probes. Furthermore, transcripts for TRP-1 were absent in cultured OCA melanocytes. The affected twin was homozygous for a single-bp deletion in exon 6, removing an A in codon 368 and leading to a premature stop at codon 384. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity of the OCA melanocytes was comparable to controls when assayed in cell lysates but was only 30% of controls when assayed in intact cells. We conclude that this mutation of the human TRP-1 gene affects its interaction with tyrosinase, resulting in dysregulation of tyrosinase activity, promotes the synthesis of brown versus black melanin, and is responsible for a third genetic type of OCA in humans, which we classify as {open_quotes}OCA3.{close_quotes} 69 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. Prepared By: Susan J. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Biomass is a resource capable of making a significant contribution to state petroleum reduction, renewable for renewable generation for 2010 and 2020. While biomass power comprises nearly 19 percent of the state biomass resources that can be used as a source of energy. The gross potential of these resources

  5. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. PIERCOLLABORATIVEREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OFFICE EQUIPMENT: A CONCERN IN ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS November 2011, and C. Perino. 2011. Quantifying Pollutant Emissions from Office Equipment: A Concern in EnergyEfficient

  6. Method of pyrolyzing brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, W.; Heberlein, I.; Ossowski, M.; Paul, H.; Rummel, A.; Seher, G.

    1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-step method and apparatus are disclosed based on the fluidized bed principle, for the production of coke, rich gas and pyrolysis tar, with the object of executing the method in a compact apparatus arrangement, with high energy efficiency and high throughput capacity. This is accomplished by a sequence in which the fine grains removed from the drying vapor mixture are removed from the actual pyrolysis process, and a hot gas, alien to the carbonization, is used as fluidization medium in the pyrolysis reactor, and with a hot gas-high performance separator being used for the dust separation from the pyrolysis gas, with the combustion exhaust gas produced in the combustion chamber being used for the indirect heating of the fluidization medium, for the pre-heating of the gas, which is alien to the carbonization, and for the direct heating in the dryer. The dryer has a double casing in the area of the fluidized bed, and a mixing chamber is arranged directly underneath its initial flow bottom, while the pyrolysis reactor is directly connected to the combustion chamber and the pre-heater.

  7. The abundance of brown dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Binney

    1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The amount of mass contained in low-mass objects is investigated anew. Instead of using a mass-luminosity relation to convert a luminosity function to a mass function, I predict the mass-luminosity relation from assumed mass functions and the luminosity functions of Jahreiss & Wielen (1997) and Gould et al (1997). Comparison of the resulting mass-luminosity relations with data from binary stars constrains the permissible mass functions. If the mass function is assumed to be a power law, the best fitting slope lies either side of the critical slope, -2, below which the mass in low-mass objects is divergent, depending on the luminosity function adopted. If these power-law mass functions are truncated at 0.001Msun, the contribution to the local density of stars lies between 0.016 and 0.039 Msun pc^-3, in conformity with the density measured dynamically from Hipparcos stars. If the mass function is generalized from a power law to a low-order polynomial in log(M), the mass in stars with M<0.1Msun is either negligible or strongly divergent, depending on the order of the polynomial adopted.

  8. Alabama Nuclear Profile - Browns Ferry

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u oDecadeSame Monthtotal

  9. NREL: Energy Analysis - Austin Brown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNRELPower Systems Engineering CenterAneliaAnthonyAustin

  10. brown-pd99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, , ., ..., ,+ . :, ,. ., ,., ,, '..'High-Resolution

  11. Oral administration of drugs with hypersensitivity potential induces germinal center hyperplasia in secondary lymphoid organ/tissue in Brown Norway rats, and this histological lesion is a promising candidate as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence in humans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tamura, Akitoshi, E-mail: akitoshi-tamura@ds-pharma.co.jp; Miyawaki, Izuru; Yamada, Toru; Kimura, Juki; Funabashi, Hitoshi

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is important to evaluate the potential of drug hypersensitivity as well as other adverse effects during the preclinical stage of the drug development process, but validated methods are not available yet. In the present study we examined whether it would be possible to develop a new predictive model of drug hypersensitivity using Brown Norway (BN) rats. As representative drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans, phenytoin (PHT), carbamazepine (CBZ), amoxicillin (AMX), and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) were orally administered to BN rats for 28 days to investigate their effects on these animals by examinations including observation of clinical signs, hematology, determination of serum IgE levels, histology, and flow cytometric analysis. Skin rashes were not observed in any animals treated with these drugs. Increases in the number of circulating inflammatory cells and serum IgE level did not necessarily occur in the animals treated with these drugs. However, histological examination revealed that germinal center hyperplasia was commonly induced in secondary lymphoid organs/tissues in the animals treated with these drugs. In cytometric analysis, changes in proportions of lymphocyte subsets were noted in the spleen of the animals treated with PHT or CBZ during the early period of administration. The results indicated that the potential of drug hypersensitivity was identified in BN rat by performing histological examination of secondary lymphoid organs/tissues. Data obtained herein suggested that drugs with hypersensitivity potential in humans gained immune reactivity in BN rat, and the germinal center hyperplasia induced by administration of these drugs may serve as a predictive biomarker for drug hypersensitivity occurrence. - Highlights: • We tested Brown Norway rats as a candidate model for predicting drug hypersensitivity. • The allergic drugs did not induce skin rash, whereas D-penicillamine did so in the rats. • Some of allergic drugs increased inflammatory cells and IgE, but the others did not. • The allergic drugs commonly induced germinal center hyperplasia in lymphoid tissues. • Some of these allergic drugs transiently increased CD4{sup +}CD25{sup +} T cells in the spleen.

  12. Very Low-mass Stellar and Substellar Companions to Solar-like Stars from Marvels III: A Short-Period Brown Dwarf Candidate Around An Active G0Iv Subgiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Bo; Barnes, Rory; Crepp, Justin R; De Lee, Nathan; Dutra-Ferreira, Leticia; Esposito, Massimiliano; Femenia, Bruno; Fleming, Scott W; Gaudi, B Scott; Ghezzi, Luan; Hebb, Leslie; Hernandez, Jonay I Gonzalez; Lee, Brian L; de Mello, G F Porto; Stassun, Keivan G; Wang, Ji; Wisniewski, John P; Agol, Eric; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Cargile, Phillip; Chang, Liang; da Costa, Luiz Nicolaci; Eastman, Jason D; Gary, Bruce; Jiang, Peng; Kane, Stephen R; Li, Rui; Liu, Jian; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Maia, Marcio A G; Muna, Demitri; Nguyen, Duy Cuong; Ogando, Ricardo L C; Oravetz, Daniel; Pepper, Joshua; Paegert, Martin; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Rebolo, Rafael; Santiago, Basilio X; Schneider, Donald P; Shelden, Alaina; Simmons, Audrey; Sivarani, Thirupathi; van Eyken, J C; Wan, Xiaoke; Weaver, Benjamin A; Zhao, Bo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an eccentric, short-period brown dwarf candidate orbiting the active, slightly evolved subgiant star TYC 2087-00255-1, which has effective temperature T_eff = 5903+/-42 K, surface gravity log (g) = 4.07+/-0.16 (cgs), and metallicity [Fe/H] = -0.23+/-0.07. This candidate was discovered using data from the first two years of the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey (MARVELS), which is part of the third phase of Sloan Digital Sky Survey. From our 38 radial velocity measurements spread over a two-year time baseline, we derive a Keplerian orbital fit with semi-amplitude K=3.571+/-0.041 km/s, period P=9.0090+/-0.0004 days, and eccentricity e=0.226+/-0.011. Adopting a mass of 1.16+/-0.11 Msun for the subgiant host star, we infer that the companion has a minimum mass of 40.0+/-2.5 M_Jup. Assuming an edge-on orbit, the semimajor axis is 0.090+/-0.003 AU. The host star is photometrically variable at the \\sim1% level with a period of \\sim13.16+/-0.01 days, indicating that the host sta...

  13. VERY LOW MASS STELLAR AND SUBSTELLAR COMPANIONS TO SOLAR-LIKE STARS FROM MARVELS. V. A LOW ECCENTRICITY BROWN DWARF FROM THE DRIEST PART OF THE DESERT, MARVELS-6b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Lee, Nathan; Stassun, Keivan G.; Cargile, Phillip [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Ge, Jian; Fleming, Scott W.; Lee, Brian L.; Chang Liang [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Eastman, Jason; Gaudi, B. Scott [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Esposito, Massimiliano; Femenia, Bruno; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay I.; Allende Prieto, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ghezzi, Luan [Observatorio Nacional, Rua Gal. Jose Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Wisniewski, John P. [H L Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks St Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Wood-Vasey, W. Michael [Pittsburgh Particle physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Agol, Eric; Barnes, Rory [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry, E-mail: nathan.delee@vanderbilt.edu [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349-0059 (United States); and others

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the discovery of a likely brown dwarf (BD) companion with a minimum mass of 31.7 {+-} 2.0 M{sub Jup} to GSC 03546-01452 from the MARVELS radial velocity survey, which we designate as MARVELS-6b. For reasonable priors, our analysis gives a probability of 72% that MARVELS-6b has a mass below the hydrogen-burning limit of 0.072 M{sub Sun }, and thus it is a high-confidence BD companion. It has a moderately long orbital period of 47.8929{sup +0.0063}{sub -0.0062} days with a low eccentricity of 0.1442{sup +0.0078}{sub -0.0073}, and a semi-amplitude of 1644{sup +12}{sub -13} m s{sup -1}. Moderate resolution spectroscopy of the host star has determined the following parameters: T{sub eff} = 5598 {+-} 63, log g = 4.44 {+-} 0.17, and [Fe/H] = +0.40 {+-} 0.09. Based upon these measurements, GSC 03546-01452 has a probable mass and radius of M{sub *} = 1.11 {+-} 0.11 M{sub Sun} and R{sub *} = 1.06 {+-} 0.23 R{sub Sun} with an age consistent with less than {approx}6 Gyr at a distance of 219 {+-} 21 pc from the Sun. Although MARVELS-6b is not observed to transit, we cannot definitively rule out a transiting configuration based on our observations. There is a visual companion detected with Lucky Imaging at 7.''7 from the host star, but our analysis shows that it is not bound to this system. The minimum mass of MARVELS-6b exists at the minimum of the mass functions for both stars and planets, making this a rare object even compared to other BDs. It also exists in an underdense region in both period/eccentricity and metallicity/eccentricity space.

  14. VERY-LOW-MASS STELLAR AND SUBSTELLAR COMPANIONS TO SOLAR-LIKE STARS FROM MARVELS. III. A SHORT-PERIOD BROWN DWARF CANDIDATE AROUND AN ACTIVE G0IV SUBGIANT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Bo; Ge Jian; De Lee, Nathan; Fleming, Scott W.; Lee, Brian L.; Wang Ji [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Barnes, Rory; Agol, Eric [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, 225 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Dutra-Ferreira, Leticia; Porto de Mello, G. F. [Observatorio do Valongo, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ladeira do Pedro Antonio, 43, CEP: 20080-090, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Esposito, Massimiliano; Femenia, Bruno; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay I. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, C/Via Lctea S/N, E-38200 La Laguna (Spain); Gaudi, B. Scott [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Ghezzi, Luan [Laboratorio Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia (LIneA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400 (Brazil); Hebb, Leslie; Stassun, Keivan G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Wisniewski, John P. [Homer L Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W Brooks St, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Bizyaev, Dmitry, E-mail: boma@astro.ufl.edu [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349-0059 (United States); and others

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an eccentric, short-period brown dwarf candidate orbiting the active, slightly evolved subgiant star TYC 2087-00255-1, which has effective temperature T{sub eff} = 5903 {+-} 42 K, surface gravity log (g) = 4.07 {+-} 0.16 (cgs), and metallicity [Fe/H] = -0.23 {+-} 0.07. This candidate was discovered using data from the first two years of the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey, which is part of the third phase of Sloan Digital Sky Survey. From our 38 radial velocity measurements spread over a two-year time baseline, we derive a Keplerian orbital fit with semi-amplitude K = 3.571 {+-} 0.041 km s{sup -1}, period P = 9.0090 {+-} 0.0004 days, and eccentricity e = 0.226 {+-} 0.011. Adopting a mass of 1.16 {+-} 0.11 M{sub Sun} for the subgiant host star, we infer that the companion has a minimum mass of 40.0 {+-} 2.5 M{sub Jup}. Assuming an edge-on orbit, the semimajor axis is 0.090 {+-} 0.003 AU. The host star is photometrically variable at the {approx}1% level with a period of {approx}13.16 {+-} 0.01 days, indicating that the host star spin and companion orbit are not synchronized. Through adaptive optics imaging we also found a point source 643 {+-} 10 mas away from TYC 2087-00255-1, which would have a mass of 0.13 M{sub Sun} if it is physically associated with TYC 2087-00255-1 and has the same age. Future proper motion observation should be able to resolve if this tertiary object is physically associated with TYC 2087-00255-1 and make TYC 2087-00255-1 a triple body system. Core Ca II H and K line emission indicate that the host is chromospherically active, at a level that is consistent with the inferred spin period and measured v{sub rot}sin i, but unusual for a subgiant of this T{sub eff}. This activity could be explained by ongoing tidal spin-up of the host star by the companion.

  15. Edmund G. Brown Jr. RESEARCH FINDINGS ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in this report. #12; Acknowledgements Multiple people from different organizations contributed Baskar Vairamohan, Electric Power Research Institute Brian Fortenbery, Electric Power Research Institute Tom Geist, Electric Power Research Institute Anish Gaikwad, Electric Power Research Institute Joel

  16. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustin Davis Contract Manager Chris Scruton Program Area Lead PIER Buildings End-Use Energy on the following RD&D program areas: · Buildings EndUse Energy Efficiency · Energy Innovations Small Grants PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Managed By

  17. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Energy Commission Dustin Davis Contract Manager Chris Scruton Program Area Lead PIER institutions. PIER funding efforts are focused on the following RD&D program areas: · Buildings EndUse Energy PIERFINALPROGRAMREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By

  18. ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown, Jr, Governor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................................................................................................ 4.10-1 Transmission Line Safety and Nuisance, contractors and subcontractors make no warrant, express or implied, and assume no legal liability Siting, Transmission and Environmental Protection Division ROBERT P. OGLESBY Executive Director #12;PALEN

  19. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. PROJECT FINAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 CEC-500-2011-026 APHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM-ENABLED RENEWABLE ENERGY ANALYSIS CAPABILITY Public Interest Energy Research Program Thomas Baginski Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory August xecutive Director Prepared By: Lawrence Livermore National Laborator P Public Interest Energy Researc

  20. Global Sustainability: Toward Definition BECKY J. BROWN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,Madison,Wisconsin53705,USA. Science Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Global

  1. L. A. Brown, M. C. Higuera

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Department 5512) Quality and Administrative Department 01301, for their weapon program knowledge; Don Bohrer, Stockpile Obligations Department 2203, for management and project...

  2. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. SCHOTT BUILDING INTEGRATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contract Manager Linda Spiegel Office Manager Energy Generation Research Laurie ten Hope Deputy Director Generation · Industrial/Agricultural/Water EndUse Energy Efficiency · Renewable Energy Technologies.energy.ca.gov/research/ or contact the Energy Commission at 9163271551. #12; iv #12;Table of Contents Abstract

  3. 19 December 2007 Prime Minister Gordon Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    , Your leadership is needed on a matter concerning coal-fired power plants in your country, a matter Kingdom has been active in pressing the international community to take appropriate actions. We are now could still point the world onto a course that minimizes climate change. Coal clearly emerges as central

  4. David K Brown Geriatrics Scholar Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), under grant number UB4HP19050 West Virginia of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration to improve the health and health/Letter of Recognition for professional portfolios. Up to $1,000 in funds to support expenses (per diem, travel costs

  5. PMOS Revisited Fred Brown and Dave Munro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munro, David S.

    Object Space, PMOS, garbage collection algorithm is designed to incrementally collect all garbage of garbage into small enough units so that disruption to the running system is insignificant. PMOS is able to collect the small units in arbitrary orders whilst eliminating cyclic garbage and being able to guarantee

  6. Presented by Terry Brown & Jesse Ohrenberger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guenther, Frank

    Brazil and smaller than Indonesia... with a population equal to France, UK, and Italy combined #12;Use, Languages, Publications, Honors/Awards, Test Scores, Patents, Certifications · Recommendations: min. of 3, 1

  7. Richard B. Brown DEAN, COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    ranked 30th out of 206 schools in research productivity in the 2012 ASEE Profiles, which compares U for oil and gas recovery, or developing a computer game that can help kids fight cancer during treatment recreation in the United States: 71 percent of parents say playing video games provides mental stimulation

  8. The construction of the Browns Bay Vessel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amer, Christopher Francis

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the centre- board (Cohn, 1984: 31-37). In 1984, the remains of the Great Lakes centreboard schooner Lillie Parsons were examined where she lay in the Brockville Narrows on the St. Lawrence River. Built at Tonawanda, New York, in 1868, the 131-foot...

  9. Edmund G. Brown Jr. Matthew Rodriquez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as wildfire, drought, and changes in agricultural production, that are expected to pose additional challenges Health Effects from Heat mitigate the effects of extreme heat and reduce resulting disabilities and deaths. This document provides

  10. OPAC Brown Bag Luncheon D. Clive Winn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    became an FBI agent in Salt Lake City, Houston, and Chicago. After retiring from the FBI, Brother Winn

  11. Fred L. Brown | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino, Undersecretary forCITIFormatSLACWith the

  12. Brown County Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP Biomass Facility Jump to:

  13. Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S.DepartmentJenniferDr.MaylingDr. Nancy Jeanne

  14. brown out | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,Eaga SolarZolo Technologiesmachinepressbrown

  15. Regan N. Brown | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently Approved JustificationBio-Inspired SolarReferences CooleyRegan N.

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7 Kevin Brown

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions forCheneyNovember 5-6, 2001Department

  17. Women @ Energy: Nancy Brown | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric VehicleCenters | DepartmentKavita Ravi Women @MargeMeifeng

  18. Conversation with Paul Brown | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew| Exploration Technique: ControlledConversation with Paul

  19. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown’s water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and placing the dredging spoils on site, a cost of around £2dredging and distributing the mud on the surface of the land, which method was abandoned on account of the cost,

  20. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown’s water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and challenges for stream restoration in the United States.and challenges for stream restoration in the United States.of a small, urban stream restoration project in northern

  1. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown’s water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for river professionals, Hydropower Reform Coalition andNational Park Service- Hydropower Recreation Assistance.for river professionals. Hydropower Reform Coalition and

  2. arctic endemic brown: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Geosciences Websites Summary: 12;4 C. Duguay, Interdisciplinary Centre on Climate Change & Department of Geography-Harte, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska...

  3. Hanbury Brown - Twiss type correlations with surface plasmon light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandor Varro; Norbert Kroo; Daniel Oszetzky; Attila Nagy; Aladar Czitrovszky

    2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Intensity-intensity correlations are studied for light signals stemming from the spontaneous decay of surface plasmon oscillations, generated in the Kretschmann geometry. Non-classical photon statistics and the the transition from antibunching to bunching of the electron counts have been found experimentally and analysed on a new theoretical basis.

  4. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ," is defined as one in which the construction materials, lighting and operating equipment for each building RESEARCH PROJECT ATTACHMENT I: BUILDING ENERGY TECHNOLOGY MODELING ASSUMPTIONS AND RESULTS FOR SITE research and energy modeling for the project. GTI: 20543/3 Building Energy Technology Modeling Assumptions

  5. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the construction materials, lighting and operating equipment for each building structure are designed to meet RESEARCH PROJECT ATTACHMENT II: BUILDING ENERGY TECHNOLOGY MODELING ASSUMPTIONS AND RESULTS FOR SITE research and energy modeling for the project. GTI: 20543/3 Building Energy Technology Modeling Assumptions

  6. Wohletz and Brown 1 LA-UR 95-0371

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from thermite/water explosions and volcanic erup- tions in which the thermodynamic efficiency of water

  7. anadromous brown trout: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. Matthew R. Campbell; D. P. Drinan; B. B. Shepard; D. P. Drinan; S. T. Kalinowski; N. V. Vu; C. C....

  8. Brown to Green: Brownfields Redevelopment for Green Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, brownfields, renewable energy on contaminated lands, solar, photovoltaics, landfill, PV

  9. The Next Stage of Zoom Robert E. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    like nature would have done it. They need the power to effect Vertical change and the precision to do the Next Step · Understand the context of our work · Match people to jobs naturalistically · Manage people in the `living system' ____ d. My people feel safe and our folkways and rituals are honored ____ e

  10. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. METHODS FOR EVALUATING THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) California Energy Commission Joseph O'Hagan Contract Manager Guido Franco Program Area Lead Energy efforts are focused on the following RD&D program areas: · Buildings EndUse Energy Efficiency · Energy PLANT INTAKES ON COASTAL BIOTA PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public

  11. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF EXISTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Manager Marla Mueller Contract Manager Guido Franco Program Area Lead Energy-Related Environmental TECHNOLOGIES IN CALIFORNIA PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: National Renewable Energy Laboratory July 2011 CEC-500

  12. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF AIR-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph O'Hagan Contract Manager Guido Franco Program Area Lead Energy Related Environmental Research on the following RD&D program areas: · Buildings EndUse Energy Efficiency · Energy Innovations Small Grants UNDER WINDY CONDITIONS PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest

  13. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. VARIATION IN ENTRAINMENT IMPACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Commission Joseph O'Hagan Contract Manager Guido Franco Program Area Lead Energy MEASURES OF ACCEPTABLE UNCERTAINTY Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy, 95064 Commission Contract No. 500-04-025 Prepared For: Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) California

  14. Ethan Brown May 6, 2011 UPP 535 Informal Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    the most formal of markets, global finance, has become extensively informal through the deregulation there, we will follow how the initial deregulation or lack of regulation affected mortgages and subprime the informalization of the financial sector will be shown. In addition, new examples of deregulation or lack

  15. Edmund G. Brown Jr. CONJUNCTIVE USE OF AQUIFERS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Efficiency · Energy Innovations Small Grants · EnergyRelated Environmental Research · Energy Systems Authorization Number 040) conducted by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The information from this project

  16. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. RESIDENTIAL FORCED-AIR SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance. California Energy Commission, PIER Buildings End Small Grants · EnergyRelated Environmental Research · Energy Systems Integration · Environmentally (Contract Number 50006007) conducted by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The information from

  17. Molecular Selectivity of Brown Carbon Chromophores J. Laskin,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizkorodov, Sergey

    : alexander.laskin@pnnl.gov, julia.laskin@pnnl.gov Supplemental file 8 pages, 2 figures, 2 tables #12;S2

  18. STATE OF CALIFORNIA - NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    was formed consisting of the California Energy Commission, California Department of Fish and Game, the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service....

  19. Summer 2010 BOSTONIA 21 Little brown bats, those

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    syndrome, which has been annihilating bat populations in the northeastern United States since 2006, when- homa, but has been particularly devastating in the Northeast. Even if the death rate decreases of affected bats died, but the death rate leapt exponentially in the next two years, as the disease wiped out

  20. Chapter 2. Physical Environment (Yalin Fan & Wendell Brown) A. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Changsheng

    an embayment that "originates" between Tiverton and Aquidneck Island and connects southern Mt. Hope Bay

  1. Southeastern Naturalist D.R. Brown and T. Weinkam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, David

    , and associated streams. HWA is an exotic invasive insect responsible for widespread mortality of Hem- lock across and eventually mortality. It appears to disperse during 1 Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Kentucky. 13, Special Issue 6 the first instar stage via wind, humans, birds, and other animals (McClure 1990

  2. Globalization and Hazardous Waste Management: From Brown to Green?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, Kate

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the international scrap metal industry and its national/73 The waste and scrap metal industries have been heavily

  3. Richard B.Brown Dean, College of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Engineering Energy & Geoscience Institute Research interests: evaluating science and technology of storage Foundation report, "The 2007 State New Economy Index." Utah's powerhouse companies like ATK, IM Flash and L-3 by an independent oversight panel, the USTAR investment is being used to attract top research groups in areas

  4. Original Research Identification of Brown Adipose Tissue in Mice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    active BAT, as well as ionizing radiation exposure. Consequently, PET/CT is not broadly appli- cable to selectively acquire images of fat and water protons at 4.7 Tesla (T). The 180 radiofrequency (RF) refocusing

  5. Chemical Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Equipment Design CENG 404 Process Design CENG 411/412 Thermodynamics I and II CENG 443 Chemical Engineering Lab II CENG 470 Process Dynamics and Control Mathematics MATH 101/102 Single Variable Calculus I, thermodynamics, kinetics, reactor design, process control, and process design. Course electives may be used

  6. Chemical Engineering The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    CENG 401/402 Transport Phenomena I and II CENG 403 Equipment Design CENG 404 Process Design CENG 411/412 Thermodynamics I and II CENG 443 Chemical Engineering Lab II CENG 470 Process Dynamics and Control Mathematics, thermodynamics, kinetics, reactor design, process control, and process design. Course electives may be used

  7. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. IMPERIAL VALLEY AND TEHACHAPI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Implementation Group L Tehachapi Collaborative Study Group: Cost Production Study Analysis #12;M Operations Analysis of 4000MWs of Wind Generation in the Tehachapi Area O Comparison of the Effects Transmission Facilities in the Tehachapi Wind Resource Area: Second Report of the Tehachapi Collaborative

  8. Senior Obama Administration Officials to Join Governor Brown...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Los Angeles City Hall following the second meeting of President Obama's Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience. The President established the Task Force in November to...

  9. ancient iberian brown: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Screen Esc Print Version Interactive Discussion EGU Abstract Wind speed data obtained from the National-March) wind in- dices for the western Iberian...

  10. Edmund G. Brown Jr. HIGH-PERFORMANCE HIGH-TECH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University #12;ii · State University of New York at Binghamton · Georgia Institute of Technology · IBM For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Authorization No: MR-016 Prepared For: Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) California Energy Commission Paul

  11. HIPAA, Research, and the IRB Michelle Brown, BBA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    of health insurance coverage in the group and individual markets, combat waste, fraud, and abuse in health Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to adopt national standards for: · electronic health care health information in electronic form in connection with a transaction for which HHS has adopted

  12. UCSB 2004 BLACK HISTORY MONTH CALENDAR Before Brown, Beyond Boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    : Gwendolyn Hampton, ghampton@sbahfs.org African Heritage Historical Displays ENTIRE MONTH OF FEBRUARY, DAILY:00 PM - 5:00 PM CABRILLO PAVILION ARTS CENTER Santa Barbara African Heritage Film Series More Info 10:00 PM - 4:00 PM, KARPELES MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY Santa Barbara African Heritage Film Series More Info

  13. Review: [untitled] Author(s): Lawrence D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrence D.

    Decision Theory. by Lucien LeCam Source: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 83, No. 402 (Jun., 1988), pp. 564- 565 Published by: American Statistical Association Stable URL: http of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. American Statistical

  14. SSX Spheromak Merging Experiment Michael Brown, Swarthmore, PI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    introduction and training ground for undergraduate plasma research. The number of SSX-trained honors students

  15. Curriculum Vitae: Michael Riley Brown Department of Physics and Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    - ids; dynamos; self-organization in turbulent systems; magnetic confinement fusion (spheromak and field of a spheromak accelerator for the purposes of tokamak refueling and current drive on the ENCORE tokamak for spheromak research. (6/87-5/89) Fellowship at Dartmouth College to study compressible MHD turbulence theory

  16. Curriculum Vitae: Michael Riley Brown Department of Physics and Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    (spheromak and field reversed configuration). (9/94- Present) External Support U. S. Department of Energy and operation of a spheromak accelerator for the purposes of tokamak refueling and current drive on the ENCORE discharges for spheromak research. (6/87-5/89) Fellowship at Dartmouth College to study compressible MHD

  17. Experimental studies of magnetic reconnection* M. R. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    and energetic ion flow events with merging force free spheromaks at the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment SSX T. W

  18. Curriculum Vitae: Michael Riley Brown Department of Physics and Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael R.

    ; dy- namos; self-organization in turbulent systems; magnetic confinement fusion (spheromak and field. Bellan. Work included the design, construction and operation of a spheromak accelerator for the purposes voltage (10 kV), high current (100 kA), rapidly switched discharges for spheromak research. (6

  19. Brown carbon formation from ketoaldehydes of biogenic monoterpenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, TB; Nguyen, TB; Laskin, A; Laskin, J; Nizkorodov, SA

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Chem. Soc. , 1958, 1513–1518. 68 V. Amarnath, D. C.Anthony, K. Amarnath, W. M. Valentine, L. A. Wetterau and D.

  20. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organizations include, AAA of Northern California, Nevada, and Utah; Booz Allen Hamilton; California Air

  1. Emeritus: Adams, Broom, Brown, Buckalew, Hartung, Odendahl, Samovar, Sanders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    .A. degree in liberal arts and sciences OR applied arts and sciences General communication. Emphasis apply to the B.A. degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences. OPTION 1: General Communication Program in communication for the single subject teaching credential in English/speech with the B.A. degree in applied arts

  2. Emeritus: Broom, Brown, Buckalew, Hartung, Martin, Odendahl, Samovar, Sanders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    in liberal arts and sciences OR applied arts and sciences General communication. Emphasis in advertising. Communication Major B.A. Degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences OR Applied Arts and Sciences All candidates courses can apply to the B.A. degree in Liberal Arts and Sciences. OPTION 1: General Communication Program

  3. INDIUM--2001 37.1 By Robert D. Brown, Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    smelter (Platts Metals Week, 2001c). The indium is contained in the flue dust that had accumulated for more than 50 years, until the smelter's closure in 1981. Shortly after the closure, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), declared the former smelter a Superfund site, under a regulation

  4. Join us for this"bonus" brown bag seminar,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    and productive use of energy. His presentation also will discuss the growth of solar, biomass, and wind these tools can be used to place energy policy in a wider context of economic development. Daniel M. Kammen works on technical, social, and policy aspects of domestic and international energy and environmental

  5. 1 | P a g e David K Brown Geriatrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    by a grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), under grant number UB4HP19050 West of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to improve the health, managed and long term care, and health care service delivery to the rural elderly and was highly respected

  6. Intern experience at Brown & Root, Incorporated: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roengnarong Ratanaprichavej, 1949-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    . Curved Conductor Geometry.............................. 36 13. BMCOL Model.............. ................................ 39 HTI DAMS Model................................................ TP 15. Axial Load vs. Settlement.... Uozniak, the project engineer of the Chevron project, the author participated in the following assignments: 1. Boat landing design 2. Curved conductor design 3. Jacket design 4. Fatigue analysis 5. Transportation design 6. Joint analysis...

  7. Browning: Email in Response to Smart Grid Request for Information |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP:Brookhaven Teaching Fellows Program

  8. 2012 APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Appliance Efficiency Regulations, appliance standards, refrigerators, air conditioners, space heaters, water heaters, pool heaters, pool pumps, electric spas, pool pump motors, plumbing fittings, plumbing fixtures, showerheads, spray valves, faucets, tub spout diverters, water closets, urinals, ceiling fans, ceiling fan

  9. Edmund G. Brown, Jr. ENERGY-EFFICIENT COMMUNITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unique component of the urban energy balance is the presence of waste heat that is emitted from a range

  10. Browning: Email in Response to Smart Grid Request for Information |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13,National Renewable Energy Lab Scientist Ki

  11. Brown County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome County, NewIllinois:

  12. Brown County, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome County,

  13. Brown County, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome County,Kansas: Energy

  14. Brown County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome County,Kansas:

  15. Brown County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome County,Kansas:Nebraska:

  16. Brown County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:Broome

  17. Brown County, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:BroomeSouth Dakota: Energy

  18. Brown County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:BroomeSouth Dakota:

  19. Brown County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:BroomeSouth Dakota:Wisconsin:

  20. Brown-Atchison E C A Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainable and InnovativeBrookmont, Maryland:BroomeSouth

  1. From: Doris Brown To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: NIETCs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2 DOEScienceNIETCMunsonNewacheck

  2. Pascal Baron, CEA - France Christine Brown, BNFL - U.K.

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHA Administrative Judgea. Part B 1 Part B -Energy Local-

  3. Senior Obama Administration Officials to Join Governor Brown, Mayor

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle|Security

  4. Systems and Professional Development - David Brown, Director, Systems &

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -BlueprintThis documentEnergy(SHINES)FullThe breadth

  5. Senior Obama Administration Officials to Join Governor Brown, Mayor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of Energy Advisory10 MarchEnergyWaterNew

  6. MEMORANDUM FROM: THOMAS E. BROWN, DIRECTOR OFFICE OF CONTRACT MANAGEMENT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr. Ernest Moniz, Secretary26,DecemberDecember

  7. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Brown University - Metcalf Research

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTable ofArizonaBuffalo - NYBowen Lab - NJ 33Laboratory -Lab -

  8. Brown County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in CarbonofBiotinsBostonBridger Valley05411°, -105.0866504°

  9. Death from Outer Space, Did an Asteroid Impact Wipe out

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    Kammer, Thomas

    hypotheses! #12;Dinosaurs forgot to board the Ark #12;K/T Boundary 65 MY Coal Age Age of Dinosaurs Geologic Mexico is marked by the white claystone just above the head of the hammer. Claire Belcher, Geology

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    O'Leary, Michael

    Laboratory Dr. Mike O'Leary Modeling and Simulation Technical Working Group Jersey City, NJ March 2006 #12. Andrew Engel, Dr. Mike O'Leary Paul Corbitt Brandie Biddy, Brooke Belcher, Greg Emerson, Laurel Mount

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    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    with international organizations such as USAID, the Pan American Health Organization, Save the Children, CARE, and the Aga Khan Foundation. She has played leadership roles in health care quality improvement programs for the Global Health Institute, where she is involved in developing and sustaining campus-wide global health

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wh/year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metricDEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein June 2009 Short title: Defining a standard metric for electricity savings Keywords: Electricity savings

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    Diamond, Richard

    Wh/year at the meter and reduce emissions by 3 million metric tons of CO2 per year. The proposed name for this metricDEFINING A STANDARD METRIC FOR ELECTRICITY SAVINGS Jonathan Koomey*, Hashem Akbari, Carl Blumstein title: Defining a standard metric for electricity savings Keywords: Electricity savings, energy

  14. A.W.N. Pugin's English residential architecture in its context

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    Brittain-Catlin, Timothy John

    2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Contents Vol I: The Dissertation and Appendices Chapters page 1 Introduction and Literature Survey 1 2 The Historical and Theoretical Background to Pugin’s Residential Architecture 26 3 The Architectural Context of Pugin... . For example, much work has been done by Belcher in identifying references in contemporary press, and no attempt is made here to duplicate that endeavour.3 In 2 Wedgwood 1994, p 43. 3 In Belcher 1987. A...

  15. NEW MODEL FOR AGGLUTINITIC GLASS FORMATION FROM LSCC DATA C. M. Pieters Dept. Geological Sciences, Brown Univ., Providence, RI 02912 (pieters@mare.geo.brown.edu),

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    Taylor, Lawrence A.

    - tinates. The only troubling note concerned TiO2 in Ti-rich soils. Although ilmenite was present in TiO2 by more than a factor of two [5], strongly suggesting ilmenite did not enter the glass lunar samples it has been well known that glass-welded ag- gregates (agglutinates) accumulate in lunar

  16. STPEC Activist Brown Bag Lunch Series We are proud to announce the second year of the STPEC Activist Brown Bag Lunch Series.

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    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    the privatization of 6,400 units of Los Angeles public housing. Brendan's early experience with grassroots, and is proud to have participated in actions at UMass from kicking Department of Defense anthrax research off: environmental health and climate justice; homelessness; and reforming the criminal justice system. Bewsee sees

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    Freeman, Donald Eric

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fredrik, Clair Brown, Benjamin Campbell, Hyowook Chiang, andPress, 1990. Brown, Clair, Benjamin Campbell, Fredrik

  18. Mindfulness Predicting Physical and Psychological Health in Emerging Adulthood: Understanding Mechanisms of Mindfulness using a Mediation Model

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    Lisman Lundwall, Christie Lynn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Barnes, Brown, Krusemark, Campbell, & Rogge, 2007).S. , Brown, K. W. , Krusemark, E. , Campbell, W. K. , &

  19. “Consequentialism, Time, and Value”

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    Killoren, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as our intuitions decree. Campbell Brown considered a theoryAssociation 67. Brown, Campbell (2004). “Consequentialise

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    14, 2011 GRANT SOLICITATION APPLICATION PACKAGE Buy Down Incentives for Natural Gas and Propane · $2,350,000 for propane vehicles, excluding school and transit buses · $2,000,000 for propane school for propane vehicles. until additional funds are added to the funding category through an addendum to the PON

  1. NCCR Trade Regulation Brown Bag Series Dr Franziska Humbert, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany

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    Richner, Heinz

    Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany International Constitutionalism and Child Labour Wednesday, 23, Policy Advisor Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxfam Germany. Abstract The postdoctoral thesis builds of the Speaker Franziska Humbert is a policy advisor on corporate social responsibility at Oxfam Germany

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    Gupta, Chandralekha

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . However, the description of the setting is not a critique of these cultural connotations as seen in V. S. Naipaul's description of Mumbai in India: A Million Mutinies Now: There were big film posters on billboards, and smaller ones repeating 10...-bred, educated, upper-middle-class of India, who integrate and assimilate the social paraphernalia of the East with an eclectic world-view of the West. In the case of Majid ? an inhabitant of a small-town who migrates to the city of Mumbai ? the cultural...

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    Jordan, Frank

    of this endangered species to other darters remains enigmatic (Bailey et al., 1954; Collette and Yerger, 1962; Kuehne

  4. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

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    state energy policy. · Offer a reasonable probability of providing benefits to the general public efficient buildings; c) maintain or increase productivity while reducing energy consumption and emissions and Water Sector End Use Efficiency. Reduce energy use and cost in the industrial, agriculture and water

  5. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Marla Sanchez, Gregory Homan, and Richard Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and providing valuable feedback. #12;4 Executive Summary ENERGY STAR is a voluntary energy efficiency-labeling to date as well as projected future savings are shared with committed stakeholders. Through 2007, the program saved 7.1 Quads of primary energy and avoided 128 MtC equivalent. The forecast shows

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    ) as it has not shown marked declines ob served in other shrimp stocks in the Campeche Bank (Gracia, 1989a

  7. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G, BROWN JR" Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

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    TO ) INSTALL DRY LOW NITROGEN OXIDE ) COMBUSTOR UNIT On September 13, 2010, Calpine Gilroy Cogen, L.P. filed Power Project's 1985 Decision to allow for installation of a Dry Low Nitrogen Oxide (DLN) combustor unit TO ) INSTALL DRY LOW NITROGEN OXIDE ) COMBUSTOR UNIT -------------- On September 13, 2010, Calpine Gilroy Cogen

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    proposed in the petition would allow the installation of electric motor-driven natural gas compression://www.energy.ca.gov/sitingcases_pre-1999/index.html. The staff analysis, when published, will also be posted on the website. If you would __________________________________________________________________________________________________ CITY STATE ZIP CODE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO THE COMMISSION DECISION TO INSTALL NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION

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    Walker, Homer F.

    .S. Dept. of Energy, by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract W-7405-ENG-48. Department

  10. Journal of Leadership Education Volume 10, Issue 1 Winter 2011 Bridging Brown County: Captivating Social Capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    to the collective power of relationships, connections, and networks among and between people. Individuals are different, and people with varying levels of political power. This paper provides an overview of the design into the inherent power of relationships and social networks is crucial. This paper provides an overview

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    symptoms normally appear during prolonged cold storage or after ripen- ing at room temperature following cold storage. This physiological disor- der is^ the main limitation on long-term storage and shipment

  12. The Nonparametric Metadata Dependent Relational Model Dae Il Kim daeil@cs.brown.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudderth, Erik

    relational (NMDR) model, a Bayesian nonparametric stochastic block model for network data. The NMDR al- lows observed node relationships. Ret- rospective MCMC methods allow our sam- pler to work directly interests. Wang & Wong (1987) proposed the latent stochastic blockmodel (LSB) as a generalization of mixture

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (collectively also known as the California Energy Code), and portions of the Green Building Code, Part 11 (also known as CalGreen), of the California Building Code. The Energy Commission will also consider to the California Energy Code and CalGreen that the Energy Commission will consider adopting. #12;2 May 31, 2012 9

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    related to electricity and natural gas production and use, through the use of geothermal heat pump to the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Health & Safety Code, § 38500 et seq.) and achieving to safer, more reliable, or less costly gas or electrical service and through greater energy efficiency

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    . Proposers competed in the following project categories: 1) Water and Wastewater; 2) Data Centers; 3) Customer-Side Electricity Storage; and 4) Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects. For ETDG II, the minimum as an Intermediary Wastewater Treatment Step $1,418,800 $1,418,800 $568,800 Awardee 3 ICF International Data Center

  16. Molecular Dynamics Simulations: Methods and Value in the Folding Problem Devon Chandler-Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    March 2013 Introduction The protein folding has been an outstanding problem in molecular biology for a long period of time. Stated simply, the question of protein folding is that of how the primary amino that govern protein folding are thought to be well established. Forces driven by ionic, Van der Waals

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    Balakirev, Evgeniy S.; Krupnova, Tatiana N.; Ayala, Francisco J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of sequences from Helicobacter pylori: Lessons from Ladakh.human migrations in Helicobacter pylori populations. Science

  18. Multifunctional Riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown's water features, and artificial whitewater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podolak, Kristen Nichole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and placing the dredging spoils on site, a cost of around £2dredging and distributing the mud on the surface of the land, which method was abandoned on account of the cost,

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

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    -state generation and net electricity imports, designated by fuel type, and is a more accurate representation Program and requires retail electricity providers to disclose quarterly and annual fuel mix information to their customers. The Power Content Label identifies the mix of electricity fuel and technology types of the retail

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    Scale Renewable Energy Technology," Renewable Energy Development, Deploymen Grant Solicitation PON-12 Renewable Energy Development, Deployment and Integration (REDDI)" RD&D Grant Solicitation. The PON announced Foresight Renewable Solutions Integrated Solar PV, Advanced Compressed Air Energy Storage, and Microgrid

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown Jr. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

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    as a residential high efficacy luminaire using Light Emitting Diode (LED) as the light source (as defined in IES LM

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    retooling, the expansion of existing manufacturing lines, or the addition of a new manufacturing line used, the expansion of existing manufacturing lines, or the addition of a new manufacturing line used-604 Advanced Vehicle Technology Manufacturing The purpose of this addendum is to: 1. Adjust Section 6

  3. On the role of monoterpene chemistry in the remote continental boundary layer E. C. Browne1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    MGLY methyl glyoxal PROPNN propanone nitrate MO2 methyl peroxy radical PYAC pyruvic acid MOBA organic methacrolein nitrate OP2 > C-1 organic peroxides MACRO2 peroxy radicals from MACR ORA1 formic acid MAHP methyl acrylic acid ORA2 acetic and higher acids MCTO alkoxy radicals from methyl catechol oxidation PER1 peroxy

  4. November 5, 2003 Safety Meeting Present; Lori Parker, Melody Pfister, Bill Hanshumaker, Rick Brown, Dave Johnson,

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    &S will be letting HMSC use two of their SCBA's for cleaning the reservoir. NPDES permit application is at ODEQ

  5. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor Notice of Addendum to the

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    on March 25, 2011. The specific project analyzed in this report is: Solazyme, Inc.'s, "Development of Pilot

  6. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Solutions San Jacinto Biofuels Production #1 Grant $658,220 Grant $658,220 91.0% Awardee 32 Biodiesel East Bay Municipa District l Utility Cost Effective FOG (fats, Biodiesel Production at a Treatment

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    projects analyzed in this report are: · Springboard Biodiesel, LLC's, Deploying Small Scale Biodiesel Facilities in California · New Leaf Biofuels, LLC's, Scale up of a Biodiesel Production Facility with Reduced

  8. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor LOCALIZED HEALTH IMPACTS REPORT

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    , LLC's Biodiesel Blending Facility ing Rack ility Fill/Fast Fill- Fueling Station CALIFORNIA ENERGY or localized air contaminants. T · Whole Energy Pacifica, LLC's Biodiesel Inline Blend · North Star Biofuels

  9. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

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    . Solutions San Jacinto Biofuels Production #1 Grant $658,220 Grant $658,220 91.0% Awardee 32 Biodiesel Municipa District l Utility Cost Effective FOG (fats, Biodiesel Production at a Treatment Plant oil

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    , biomethane, propane, hydrogen, ethanol, renewable diesel, and biodiesel. State investment is needed to fill

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    and Carmichael 2008) 1. BC mixing state. 2. BC vertical distributions. 3. Inventories. 4. Indirect effect mixing state. 2. BC vertical distributions. 3. Inventories. 4. Indirect effect. · Most information comes

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    of the combustion gas turbines units in an extended start-up period for the purpose of tuning the units following removal and replacement of combustion hardware. The modifications were approved by the San Joaquin Valley of the combustion system of the CrG shall be defined as a tuning start-up used to tune the CrG combustion system

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    for the United States SAMANTHA S. KAHL, 274 Ellington Plant Sciences Building, Department of Forestry, Wildlife or endangered many native animal populations, attacked pets and poultry, bitten humans, and caused power outages species, reproduction Invasive species are a serious threat to ecosystems and are rated second after

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    Stofferahn, Steven A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    century world of John of Ephesus, drawing especially uponand Society in Crisis: John of Ephesus and the “Lives of the

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    * Benz Air Engineering, Co., Inc. High Efficiency Natural Gas Reciprocating Engine Boiler $2/or under- utilized technologies to increase natural gas end-use efficiency in California's industrial of Energy Efficient Drying for Walnuts $1,118,285 $1,118,285 $280,000 Awardee 4 Ag Research Services USDA

  16. The Legacy of Radcliffe-Brown's Typology of Australian Aboriginal Kinship Systems

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    Keen, Ian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National University Canberra, Australia Ian.Keen@anu.edu.auin Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Australian NationalDivision, Western Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute

  17. Computational and Applied Mathematics The George R. Brown School of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Equations in Science and Engineering (or STAT 310 Probability and Statistics or STAT 331 Applied Probability foundations applicable to the many fields of engineering, physical sciences, life sciences, behavioral, or behavioral sciences. A further advanced degree program in computational science and engineering (C

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    Public Utilities Commission; Energy Commission; Department of General Services; Division of Oil, Gas of California Natural Gas Stakeholders Working Group Meeting The Natural Gas Stakeholders Working Group will conduct a meeting to discuss current natural gas and related issues affecting California. This meeting

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    /Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP) Systems Grant Solicitation PON-11-507 March 22, 2012 On January 6 Generation/Combined Heat and Power/Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP)." The purpose generation/combined heat and power/combined cooling, heating and power (DG/CHP/CCHP); and (2) integrate

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    SOLICITATION APPLICATION PACKAGE Buy Down Incentives for Natural Gas and Propane Vehicles PON-11 and GVW is: · $200,000 for natural gas vehicles up to 14,000 lbs, · $200,000 for propane vehicles up to 14,000 lbs, · $400,000 for natural gas vehicles between 14,001 lbs and 26,000 lbs, · $400,000 for propane

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor May 16, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the natural gas and propane vehicle section into separate categories. The Payment Claim Information section,190,000 for natural gas vehicles, excluding school and transit buses · $2,350,000 for propane vehicles, excluding amounts by vehicle type and gross vehicle weight (GVW). Natural Gas and Propane Vehicles GVW (lbs

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor February 7, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vehicles The purpose of this Addendum is to correct the footnotes to the Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle vehicle weight (GVW) are as follows: Natural Gas and Propane Vehicle Incentives Incentive Amounts GVW (lbs, 2012 PON-11-603 GRANT SOLICITATION APPLICATION PACKAGE Buy-down Incentives for Natural Gas and Propane

  3. The biological control of brown soft scale Coccus hesperidum L. (Homoptera: Coccidae) in interior plantscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stauffer, Robert Stevens

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underway. I would also like to thank Texas Instruments, 3M Corporanon, and the Conroe Elementary School District for allowing their interior plantscapes to be used as research sites. And finally, thanks to the San Antonio Botanical Gardens, for giving me.... BIOLOGICAL CONTROL UTILIZING METAPHYCUS ALBERTI(HOWARD) . . . . . 56 Introduction . Materials and Methods. Site Selection. Site Preparation and Sampling Methods Introduction of Parasites and Measurement Intervals . . . Results...

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    a pedicure if you have a weakened immune system (such as diabetes, Lupus, etc.). · Be sure that only clean

  5. ENERGY COMMISSION NOVEMBER 2013 Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CEC-600-2013-004

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    petroleum use, improve air quality, and stimulate the sustainable production of alternative fuels within Biofuels Production Facilities #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Elizabeth John Primary Author Jean Baronas Opportunity Notice PON ­ 13-601 for biofuels production facilities and is considering approving and funding

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    #12;and production capabilities, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and reduce petroleum use for operation in California, to prove its technical or market viability prior to commercial vehicle production launch. Production launch means after first commercial sales have occurred. A demonstration assesses

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,230,595 84.1% Awardee 10 Motiv Power Systems, Inc. Pilot Production Line for Powertrain Components of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicles $2,379,050 $2,379,050 83.7% Finalist Awardee 8 Trexa LLC TREXA BEV M9 Pilot Awardee 4 Vantage Vehicle International, Inc. California Electric Vehicle Project $3,760,900 $3,338,124 79

  8. Page 1 of 2 STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor

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    available on December 4, 2012. The specific projects analyzed in this report are: · Motiv Power Systems, Inc., Pilot Production Line for Powertrain Components of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicles · Trexa LLC Vehicle International, Inc., California Electric Vehicle Project This report is available free from

  9. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) 2013 BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS California Energy Commission Docket No. 12-BSTD-01 The Notice Energy Commission of the proposed update to the Energy Efficiency Building Standards of Title 24 Part 6 directed Energy Commission staff to develop revisions to the proposed 2013 Building Energy Efficiency

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    facilities (i.e. power plants) as eligible renewable energy resources for purposes of California's Renewables) as eligible renewable energy resources for the RPS pursuant to Public Resources Code section 25740 et seq by the Energy Commission on December 15, 2010, identifies biomethane as a renewable resource and allows power

  11. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    these laws, the Energy Commission is charged with certifying eligible renewable energy resources that may describes the eligibility requirements and process for certifying renewable resources as eligible to the state's RPS under statute. Many of the RPS-eligible renewable energy resources may qualify for funding

  12. The Coldest Brown Dwarf (Or Free Floating Planet)?: The Y Dwarf WISE 1828+2650

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beichman, Charles A; Kirkpatrick, J Davy; Barman, Travis S; Marsh, Kenneth A; Cushing, Michael C; Wright, E L

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have monitored the position of the cool Y dwarf WISEPA J182831.08+265037.8 using a combination of ground- and space-based telescopes and have determined its distance to be 11.2$_{-1.0}^{+1.3}$ pc. Its absolute H magnitude, M$_H=22.21^{+0.25}_{-0.22}$ mag, suggests a mass in the range 0.5-20 M$_{Jup}$ for ages of 0.1-10 Gyr with an effective temperature in the range 250-400 K. The broad range in mass is due primarily to the unknown age of the object. Since the high tangential velocity of the object, 51$\\pm5$ km s$^{-1}$, is characteristic of an old disk population, a plausible age range of 2-4 Gyr leads to a mass range of 3-6 M$_{Jup}$ based on fits to the (highly uncertain) COND evolutionary models. The range in temperature is due to the fact that no single model adequately represents the 1-5 $\\mu$m spectral energy distribution (SED) of the source, failing by factors of up to 5 at either the short or long wavelength portions of the spectral energy distribution. The appearance of this very cold object may b...

  13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Network Equipment) · Lighting (Docket #12-AAER-2B) (Fluorescent Dimming Ballasts, Light-emitting Diodes

  14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballasts, Light-emitting Diodes, and Multifaceted Reflector Lamps · Water Appliances (Docket #12-AAER-2C

  15. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    all four of the combustion gas turbines units in an extended start-up period for the purpose of tuning Pollutant emissions from each combustion turbine shall not exceed the following limits except during times of startup.l 9f-shutdown or tuning startup periods as defined in Condition AQ-17: Gas Fired Case

  16. Effect of prepartum protein restriction on brown adipose tissue thermogenic activity in newborn calves 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Travis Lyn

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (26.4 kg) or thermoneutral metabolic rates (TMR) which averaged 33.3 cal/kg/min. In support of these findings, visceral organ mass was similar for PA and PR calves. Peak metabolic rates (PMR), which averaged 66.2 cal/kg/min, as well as BAT weight...

  17. The Mechanics of Earthquake Rupture. Division of Engine~'ring, Brown University -Providence, R. I. 02912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ''I'I,tt\\. Sch..ao\\ 0+ fh.jt;cs I( E. i=~r{Y\\~") C-ou.t-S'.e.. ,f) \\,\\1Q).> e.c.\\~. A, M. DZtewonSKt- ~d. E, ~OSC) with the inelastic response of fault regions to this loading and area i) with the resulting radiation of elastic

  18. Veterans and STEM Mentoring Programs- Info Session and Brown Bag Networking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    January is National Mentoring Month. Join the Veterans Mentoring Program and the STEM Mentoring Program at DOE for information distribution and networking to meet current and potential mentors and...

  19. Figure 4. Browns Pond Formation at Schodack Landing Figure 5. Breccia within the Middle Granville Slate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    Landing 25 #12;#12;Figure 5. Breccia within the Middle Granville Slate 27 #12;Figure 6. Contact between Middle Granville Slate and Hatch Hill. 28 #12;#12;Figure 7. Parallel laminated sandstones of the Hatch the Bomoseen and Hatch Hill. Top of field book marks contact (Long Cut). 135 #12;#12;Figure 47. Green slates

  20. Page 1 of 2 STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Film Solar Panels by Eath Abundant Solar Energy Materials $1,000,000 $0 N/A Disqualified Disqualified 2