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1

Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Project at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment Daya Bay is an international neutrino-oscillation experiment designed to determine the last unknown neutrino mixing angle θ13 using anti-neutrinos produced by the Daya Bay and Ling Ao Nuclear Power Plant reactors. The experiment is being built by blasting three kilometers of tunnel through the granite rock under the mountains where the power plants are located. Data collection is now scheduled to start in in 2011. On the PDSF cluster at NERSC, Daya Bay performs simulations of the detectors, reactors, and surrounding mountains to help design and anticipate detector properties and behavior. Once real data are available, Daya Bay will be using NERSC to analyze data and NERSC HPSS will be the central U.S. repository for all raw

2

The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment Sees Evidence that Electron  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Highlights » 2013 Science Highlights » 2013 » The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment Sees Evidence that Electron Neutrinos Turn into Muon Neutrinos High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » June 2013 The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment Sees Evidence that Electron Neutrinos Turn into Muon Neutrinos Surprisingly large effect greatly increases the probability that new neutrino experiments will be able to see the differences between matter and

3

Probing light sterile neutrinos in medium baseline reactor experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Medium-baseline reactor experiments (Double Chooz, Daya Bay and RENO) provide a unique opportunity to test the presence of light sterile neutrinos. We analyze the data of these experiments in the search of sterile neutrinos and also test the robustness of ?13 determination in the presence of sterile neutrinos. We show that existence of a light sterile neutrino state improves the fit to these data moderately. We also show that the measured value of ?13 by these experiments is reliable even in the presence of sterile neutrinos, and the reliability owes significantly to the Daya Bay and RENO data. From the combined analysis of the data of these experiments, we constrain the mixing of a sterile neutrino with ?m412?(10-310-1)??eV2 to sin?22?14?0.1 at 95%C.L.

Arman Esmaili; Ernesto Kemp; O. L. G. Peres; Zahra Tabrizi

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

4

Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for light sterile neutrino mixing was performed with the first 217 days of data from the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment. The experiment's unique configuration of multiple baselines from six 2.9~GW$_{\\rm th}$ nuclear reactors to six antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1579~m) underground experimental halls makes it possible to test for oscillations to a fourth (sterile) neutrino in the $10^{\\rm -3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} < |\\Delta m_{41}^{2}| < 0.3~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ range. The relative spectral distortion due to electron antineutrino disappearance was found to be consistent with that of the three-flavor oscillation model. The derived limits on $\\sin^22\\theta_{14}$ cover the $10^{-3}~{\\rm eV}^{2} \\lesssim |\\Delta m^{2}_{41}| \\lesssim 0.1~{\\rm eV}^{2}$ region, which was largely unexplored.

F. P. An; A. B. Balantekin; H. R. Band; W. Beriguete; M. Bishai; S. Blyth; I. Butorov; G. F. Cao; J. Cao; Y. L. Chan; J. F. Chang; L. C. Chang; Y. Chang; C. Chasman; H. Chen; Q. Y. Chen; S. M. Chen; X. Chen; X. Chen; Y. X. Chen; Y. Chen; Y. P. Cheng; J. J. Cherwinka; M. C. Chu; J. P. Cummings; J. de Arcos; Z. Y. Deng; Y. Y. Ding; M. V. Diwan; E. Draeger; X. F. Du; D. A. Dwyer; W. R. Edwards; S. R. Ely; J. Y. Fu; L. Q. Ge; R. Gill; M. Gonchar; G. H. Gong; H. Gong; M. Grassi; W. Q. Gu; M. Y. Guan; X. H. Guo; R. W. Hackenburg; G. H. Han; S. Hans; M. He; K. M. Heeger; Y. K. Heng; P. Hinrichs; Y. K. Hor; Y. B. Hsiung; B. Z. Hu; L. M. Hu; L. J. Hu; T. Hu; W. Hu; E. C. Huang; H. Huang; X. T. Huang; P. Huber; G. Hussain; Z. Isvan; D. E. Jaffe; P. Jaffke; K. L. Jen; S. Jetter; X. P. Ji; X. L. Ji; H. J. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; R. A. Johnson; L. Kang; S. H. Kettell; M. Kramer; K. K. Kwan; M. W. Kwok; T. Kwok; W. C. Lai; K. Lau; L. Lebanowski; J. Lee; R. T. Lei; R. Leitner; A. Leung; J. K. C. Leung; C. A. Lewis; D. J. Li; F. Li; G. S. Li; Q. J. Li; W. D. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Y. F. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; C. J. Lin; G. L. Lin; P. Y. Lin; S. K. Lin; Y. C. Lin; J. J. Ling; J. M. Link; L. Littenberg; B. R. Littlejohn; D. W. Liu; H. Liu; J. L. Liu; J. C. Liu; S. S. Liu; Y. B. Liu; C. Lu; H. Q. Lu; K. B. Luk; Q. M. Ma; X. Y. Ma; X. B. Ma; Y. Q. Ma; K. T. McDonald; M. C. McFarlane; R. D. McKeown; Y. Meng; I. Mitchell; J. Monari Kebwaro; Y. Nakajima; J. Napolitano; D. Naumov; E. Naumova; I. Nemchenok; H. Y. Ngai; Z. Ning; J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux; A. Olshevski; S. Patton; V. Pec; J. C. Peng; L. E. Piilonen; L. Pinsky; C. S. J. Pun; F. Z. Qi; M. Qi; X. Qian; N. Raper; B. Ren; J. Ren; R. Rosero; B. Roskovec; X. C. Ruan; B. B. Shao; H. Steiner; G. X. Sun; J. L. Sun; Y. H. Tam; X. Tang; H. Themann; K. V. Tsang; R. H. M. Tsang; C. E. Tull; Y. C. Tung; B. Viren; V. Vorobel; C. H. Wang; L. S. Wang; L. Y. Wang; M. Wang; N. Y. Wang; R. G. Wang; W. Wang; W. W. Wang; X. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. M. Wang; D. M. Webber; H. Y. Wei; Y. D. Wei; L. J. Wen; K. Whisnant; C. G. White; L. Whitehead; T. Wise; H. L. H. Wong; S. C. F. Wong; E. Worcester; Q. Wu; D. M. Xia; J. K. Xia; X. Xia; Z. Z. Xing; J. Y. Xu; J. L. Xu; J. Xu; Y. Xu; T. Xue; J. Yan; C. C. Yang; L. Yang; M. S. Yang; M. T. Yang; M. Ye; M. Yeh; Y. S. Yeh; B. L. Young; G. Y. Yu; J. Y. Yu; Z. Y. Yu; S. L. Zang; B. Zeng; L. Zhan; C. Zhang; F. H. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; Q. M. Zhang; Q. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; Y. C. Zhang; Y. M. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Y. X. Zhang; Z. J. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; Y. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; L. Zheng; W. L. Zhong; L. Zhou; Z. Y. Zhou; H. L. Zhuang; J. H. Zou

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

5

Measuring Sin^22?_13 with the Daya Bay Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Angle \\theta_13 is one of the two unknown neutrino mixing parameters to be determined. Its value may determine the future trend of the neutrino physics. We propose to measure sin^22\\theta_13 with a sensitivity better than 0.01 (90% C.L) at the Daya Bay reactor power plant.

Yifang Wang

2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

6

Meter-baseline tests of sterile neutrinos at Daya Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the sensitivity of an experiment at the Daya Bay site, with a point radioactive source and a few meter baseline, to neutrino oscillations involving one or more eV mass sterile neutrinos. We find that within a year, the entire 3+2 and 1+3+1 parameter space preferred by global fits can be excluded at the 3\\sigma level, and if an oscillation signal is found, the 3+1 and 3+2 scenarios can be distinguished from each other at more than the 3\\sigma level provided one of the sterile neutrinos is lighter than 0.5 eV.

Y. Gao; D. Marfatia

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

7

Uncertainties in the Anti-neutrino Production at Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anti-neutrino emission rates from nuclear reactors are determined from thermal power measurements and fission rate calculations. The uncertainties in these quantities for commercial power plants and their impact on the calculated interaction rates in electron anti-neutrino detectors is examined. We discuss reactor-to-reactor correlations between the leading uncertainties and their relevance to reactor anti-neutrino experiments.

Z. Djurcic; J. A. Detwiler; A. Piepke; V. R. Foster Jr.; L. Miller; G. Gratta

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

8

Neutrino mass hierarchy from nuclear reactor experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ten years from now reactor neutrino experiments will attempt to determine which neutrino mass eigenstate is the most massive. In this paper we present the results of more than seven million detailed simulations of such experiments, studying the dependence of the probability of successfully determining the mass hierarchy upon the analysis method, the neutrino mass matrix parameters, reactor flux models, geoneutrinos and, in particular, combinations of baselines. We show that a recently reported spurious dependence of the data analysis upon the high energy tail of the reactor spectrum can be removed by using a weighted Fourier transform. We determine the optimal baselines and corresponding detector locations. For most values of the CP-violating, leptonic Dirac phase ?, a degeneracy prevents NO?A and T2K from determining either ? or the hierarchy. We determine the confidence with which a reactor experiment can determine the hierarchy, breaking the degeneracy.

Emilio Ciuffoli; Jarah Evslin; Xinmin Zhang

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

9

Optimizing Medium Baseline Reactor Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 years from now medium baseline reactor neutrino experiments will attempt to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy from the observed antineutrino spectra. In this letter we present the results of more than four million detailed simulations of such experiments, studying the dependence of the probability of successfully determining the hierarchy upon the analysis method, the neutrino mass matrix parameters, reactor flux models and, in particular, combinations of baselines. We show that the strong dependence of the hierarchy determination upon mass differences and flux models found by Qian et al. results from a spurious dependence of the Fourier analysis upon the high energy tail of the reactor spectrum which can be removed by using a weighted Fourier transform. Such experiments necessarily use flux from multiple reactors at distinct baselines, smearing the oscillation signal and thus impeding the determination of the hierarchy. Using the results of our simulations, we determine the optimal baselines and corre...

Ciuffoli, Emilio; Zhang, Xinmin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Reactor Neutrino Flux Uncertainty Suppression on Multiple Detector Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication provides a coherent treatment for the reactor neutrino flux uncertainties suppression, specially focussed on the latest $\\theta_{13}$ measurement. The treatment starts with single detector in single reactor site, most relevant for all reactor experiments beyond $\\theta_{13}$. We demonstrate there is no trivial error cancellation, thus the flux systematic error can remain dominant even after the adoption of multi-detector configurations. However, three mechanisms for flux error suppression have been identified and calculated in the context of Double Chooz, Daya Bay and RENO sites. Our analysis computes the error {\\it suppression fraction} using simplified scenarios to maximise relative comparison among experiments. We have validated the only mechanism exploited so far by experiments to improve the precision of the published $\\theta_{13}$. The other two newly identified mechanisms could lead to total error flux cancellation under specific conditions and are expected to have major implications on the global $\\theta_{13}$ knowledge today. First, Double Chooz, in its final configuration, is the only experiment benefiting from a negligible reactor flux error due to a $\\sim$90\\% geometrical suppression. Second, Daya Bay and RENO could benefit from their partial geometrical cancellation, yielding a potential $\\sim$50\\% error suppression, thus significantly improving the global $\\theta_{13}$ precision today. And third, we illustrate the rationale behind further error suppression upon the exploitation of the inter-reactor error correlations, so far neglected. So, our publication is a key step forward in the context of high precision neutrino reactor experiments providing insight on the suppression of their intrinsic flux error uncertainty, thus affecting past and current experimental results, as well as the design of future experiments.

Andi Cucoanes; Pau Novella; Anatael Cabrera; Muriel Fallot; Anthony Onillon; Michel Obolensky; Frederic Yermia

2015-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

11

Neutrino Oscillation Experiments at Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper I give an overview of the status of neutrino oscillation experiments performed using nuclear reactors as sources of neutrinos. I review the present generation of experiments (Chooz and Palo Verde) with baselines of about 1 km as well as the next generation that will search for oscillations with a baseline of about 100 km. While the present detectors provide essential input towards the understanding of the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, in the future, the KamLAND reactor experiment represents our best opportunity to study very small mass neutrino mixing in laboratory conditions. In addition KamLAND with its very large fiducial mass and low energy threshold, will also be sensitive to a broad range of different physics.

Giorgio Gratta

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

12

Sterile Neutrino Search Using China Advanced Research Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the feasibility of a sterile neutrino search at the China Advanced Research Reactor by measuring $\\bar {\

Gang Guo; Fang Han; Xiangdong Ji; Jianglai Liu; Zhaoxu Xi; Huanqiao Zhang

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

13

Key Neutrino behavior observed at Daya Bay (The College of William...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wm.edunewsstories2012key-neutrino-behavior-observed-at-daya-bay-123.php Submitted: Thursday, March 8, 2012 - 12:00am...

14

Creation of a neutrino laboratory for search for sterile neutrino at SM-3 reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In connection with the question of possible existence of sterile neutrino the laboratory on the basis of SM-3 reactor was created to search for oscillations of reactor antineutrino. A prototype of a neutrino detector with scintillator volume of 400 l can be moved at the distance of 6-11 m from the reactor core. The measurements of background conditions have been made. It is shown that the main experimental problem is associated with cosmic radiation background. Test measurements of dependence of a reactor antineutrino flux on the distance from a reactor core have been made. The prospects of search for oscillations of reactor antineutrino at short distances are discussed.

Serebrov, A P; Samoylov, R M; Fomin, A K; Zinoviev, V G; Neustroev, P V; Golovtsov, V L; Gruzinsky, N V; Solovey, V A; Cherniy, A V; Zherebtsov, O M; Martemyanov, V P; Zinoev, V G; Tarasenkov, V G; Aleshin, V I; Petelin, A L; Pavlov, S V; Izhutov, A L; Sazontov, S A; Ryazanov, D K; Gromov, M O; Afanasiev, V V; Matrosov, L N; Matrosova, M Yu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Neutrino Mass Hierarchy from Nuclear Reactor Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 years from now reactor neutrino experiments will attempt to determine which neutrino mass eigenstate is the most massive. In this letter we present the results of more than seven million detailed simulations of such experiments, studying the dependence of the probability of successfully determining the mass hierarchy upon the analysis method, the neutrino mass matrix parameters, reactor flux models, geoneutrinos and, in particular, combinations of baselines. We show that a recently reported spurious dependence of the data analysis upon the high energy tail of the reactor spectrum can be removed by using a weighted Fourier transform. We determine the optimal baselines and corresponding detector locations. For most values of the CP-violating, leptonic Dirac phase delta, a degeneracy prevents NOvA and T2K from determining either delta or the hierarchy. We determine the confidence with which a reactor experiment can determine the hierarchy, breaking the degeneracy.

Emilio Ciuffoli; Jarah Evslin; Xinmin Zhang

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

SNIF: A Futuristic Neutrino Probe for Undeclared Nuclear Fission Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Today reactor neutrino experiments are at the cutting edge of fundamental research in particle physics. Understanding the neutrino is far from complete, but thanks to the impressive progress in this field over the last 15 years, a few research groups are seriously considering that neutrinos could be useful for society. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) works with its Member States to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. In a context of international tension and nuclear renaissance, neutrino detectors could help IAEA to enforce the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). In this article we discuss a futuristic neutrino application to detect and localize an undeclared nuclear reactor from across borders. The SNIF (Secret Neutrino Interactions Finder) concept proposes to use a few hundred thousand tons neutrino detectors to unveil clandestine fission reactors. Beyond previous studies we provide estimates of all known background sources as a function of the detector's longitude, latitude and depth, and we discuss how they impact the detectability.

Thierry Lasserre; Maximilien Fechner; Guillaume Mention; Romain Reboulleau; Michel Cribier; Alain Letourneau; David Lhuillier

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

17

Supernova Neutrinos Detection On Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we first discuss the detection of supernova neutrino on Earth. Then we propose a possible method to acquire information about $\\theta_{13}$ smaller than $1.5^\\circ$ by detecting the ratio of the event numbers of different flavor supernova neutrinos. Such an sensitivity cannot yet be achieved by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment.

Xin-Heng Guo; Ming-Yang Huang; Bing-Lin Young

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

18

Search for Neutrino Oscillations at the Palo Verde Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the initial results from a measurement of the anti-neutrino flux and spectrum at a distance of about 800 m from the three reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station using a segmented gadolinium-loaded scintillation detector. We find that the anti-neutrino flux agrees with that predicted in the absence of oscillations to better than 5%, excluding at 90% CL $\\rm\\bar\

F. Boehm; J. Busenitz; B. Cook; G. Gratta; H. Henrikson; J. Kornis; D. Lawrence; K. B. Lee; K. McKinny; L. Miller; V. Novikov; A. Piepke; B. Ritchie; D. Tracy; P. Vogel; Y-F. Wang; J. Wolf

1999-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

19

Modern Status of Neutrino Experiments at the Underground Neutrino Laboratory of Kurchatov Institute Near Krasnoyarsk Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The investigation of antineutrino-deuteron interaction at Krasnoyarsk reactor are discussed. The characteristics of the installation ''Deuteron'', present results and perspectives of Krasnoyarsk neutrino laboratory are presented.

Yu. V. Kozlov; S. V. Khalturtsev; I. N. Machulin; A. V. Martemyanov; V. P. Martemyanov; A. A. Sabelnikov; S. V. Sukhotin; V. G. Tarasenkov; E. V. Turbin; V. N. Vyrodov

1998-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

20

Report of the APS Neutrino Study Reactor Working Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The worldwide program to understand neutrino oscillations and determine the neutrino mixing parameters, CP violating effects, and mass hierarchy will require a broad combination of measurements. The group believes that a key element of this future neutrino program is a multi-detector neutrino experiment (with baselines of {approx} 200 m and {approx} 1.5 km) with a sensitivity of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} = 0.01. In addition to oscillation physics, the reactor experiment may provide interesting measurements of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W} at Q{sup 2} = 0, neutrino couplings, magnetic moments, and mixing with sterile neutrino states. {theta}{sub 13} is one of the twenty-six parameters of the standard model, the best model of electroweak interactions for energies below 100 GeV and, as such, is worthy of a precision measurement independent of other considerations. A reactor experiment of the proposed sensitivity will allow a measurement of {theta}{sub 13} with no ambiguities and significantly better precision than any other proposed experiment, or will set limits indicating the scale of future experiments required to make progress. Figure 1 shows a comparison of the sensitivity of reactor experiments of different scales with accelerator experiments for setting limits on sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} if the mixing angle is very small, or for making a measurement of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} if the angle is observable. A reactor experiment with a 1% precision may also resolve the degeneracy in the {theta}{sub 23} parameter when combined with long-baseline accelerator experiments. In combination with long-baseline measurements, a reactor experiment may give early indications of CP violation and the mass hierarchy. The combination of the T2K and Nova long-baseline experiments will be able to make significant measurements of these effects if sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} > 0.05 and with enhanced beam rates can improve their reach to the sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} > 0.02 level. If {theta}{sub 13} turns out to be smaller than these values, one will need other strategies for getting to the physics. Thus, an unambiguous reactor measurement of {theta}{sub 13} is an important ingredient in planning the strategy for the future neutrino program.

Abouzaid, E.; Anderson, K.; Barenboim, G.; Berger, B.; Blucher, E.; Bolton, T.; Choubey, S.; Conrad, J.; Formaggio, J.; Freedman, S.; Finely, D.; Fisher, P.; Fujikawa, B.; Gai, M.; Goodman, M.; de Goueva, A.; Hadley, N.; Hahn, R.; Horton-Smith, G.; Kadel, R.; Kayser, B.; Heeger, K.; Klein, J.; Learned, J.; Lindner, M.; Link, J.; Luk, K.-B.; McKeown, R.; Mocioiu, I.; Mohapatra, R.; Naples, D.; Peng, J.; Petcov, S.; Pilcher, J.; Rapidis, P.; Reyna, D.; Shaevitz, M.; Shrock, R.; Stanton, N.; Stefanski, R.; Yamamoto, R.; Worcester, M.

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Optimizing the Determination of the Neutrino Mixing Angle $?_{13}$ from Reactor Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The technical breakthroughs of multiple detectors developed by Daya Bay and RENO collaborations have gotten great attention. Yet the optimal determination of neutrino mixing parameters from reactor data depends on the statistical method and demands equal attention. We find that a straightforward method using a minimal parameters will generally outperform a multi-parameter method by delivering more reliable values with sharper resolution. We review standard confidence levels and statistical penalties for models using extra parameters, and apply those rules to our analysis. We find that the methods used in recent work of the Daya Bay and RENO collaborations have several undesirable properties. The existing work also uses non-standard measures of significance which we are unable to explain. A central element of the current methods consists of variationally fitting many more parameters than data points. As a result the experimental resolution of $\\sin ^{2}(2\\theta _{13})$ is degraded. The results also become extremely sensitive to certain model parameters that can be adjusted arbitrarily. The number of parameters to include in evaluating significance is an important issue that has generally been overlooked. The measures of significance applied previously would be consistent if and only if all parameters but one were considered to have no physical relevance for the experiment's hypothesis test. Simpler, more transparent methods can improve the determination of the mixing angle $\\theta _{13}$ from reactor data, and exploit the advantages from superb hardware technique of the experiments. We anticipate that future experimental analysis will fully exploit those advantages.

Amir N. Khan; Douglas W. McKay; John P. Ralston

2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

Method of Fission Product Beta Spectra Measurements for Predicting Reactor Anti-neutrino Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nuclear fission process that occurs in the core of nuclear reactors results in unstable, neutron rich fission products that subsequently beta decay and emit electron anti-neutrinos. These reactor neutrinos have served neutrino physics research from the initial discovery of the neutrino to current precision measurements of neutrino mixing angles. The prediction of the absolute flux and energy spectrum of the emitted reactor neutrinos hinges upon a series of seminal papers based on measurements performed in the 1970s and 1980s. The steadily improving reactor neutrino measurement techniques and recent re-considerations of the agreement between the predicted and observed reactor neutrino flux motivates revisiting the underlying beta spectra measurements. A method is proposed to use an accelerator proton beam delivered to an engineered target to yield a neutron field tailored to reproduce the neutron energy spectrum present in the core of an operating nuclear reactor. Foils of the primary reactor fissionable isotopes placed in this tailored neutron flux will ultimately emit beta particles from the resultant fission products. Measurement of these beta particles in a time projection chamber with a perpendicular magnetic field provides a distinctive set of systematic considerations for comparison to the original seminal beta spectra measurements. Ancillary measurements such as gamma-ray emission and post-irradiation radiochemical analysis will further constrain the absolute normalization of beta emissions per fission. The requirements for unfolding the beta spectra measured with this method into a predicted reactor neutrino spectrum are explored.

D. M. Asner; K. Burns; L. W. Campbell; B. Greenfield; M. S. Kos; J. L. Orrell; M. Schram; B. VanDevender; 1 L. S. Wood; D. W. Wootan

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A New Nuclear Reactor Neutrino Experiment to Measure theta 13  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An International Working Group has been meeting to discuss ideas for a new Nuclear Reactor Neutrino Experiment at meetings in May 2003 (Alabama), October 2003 (Munich) and plans for March 2004 (Niigata). This White Paper Report on the Motivation and Feasibility of such an experiment is the result of these meetings. After a discussion of the context and opportunity for such an experiment, there are sections on detector design, calibration, overburden and backgrounds, systematic errors, other physics, tunneling issues, safety and outreach. There are 7 appendices describing specific site opportunities.

K. Anderson

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

24

Neutrino Burst from Supernovae and Neutrino Oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......solar, atmospheric, reactor neutrinos and so on...anti-neutrinos from nuclear reactors, spal- lation products...atmospheric, and reactor neutrinos. (Since...is expected that next generation of water Cherenkov detectors......

Katsuhiko Sato; Keitaro Takahashi; Shin'ichiro Ando

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Today and Future Neutrino Experiments at Krasnoyarsk Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of undergoing experiments and new experiment propositions at Krasnoyarsk underground nuclear reactor are presented

Yu. V. Kozlov; S. V. Khalturtsev; I. N. Machulin; A. V. Martemyanov; V. P. Martemyanov; A. A. Sabelnikov; V. G. Tarasenkov; E. V. Turbin; V. N. Vyrodov; L. A. Popeko; A. V. Cherny; G. A. Shishkina

1999-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

26

A new type of Neutrino Detector for Sterile Neutrino Search at Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Nonproliferation Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a new detector, called NuLat, to study electron anti-neutrinos a few meters from a nuclear reactor, and search for anomalous neutrino oscillations. Such oscillations could be caused by sterile neutrinos, and might explain the "Reactor Antineutrino Anomaly". NuLat, is made possible by a natural synergy between the miniTimeCube and mini-LENS programs described in this paper. It features a "Raghavan Optical Lattice" (ROL) consisting of 3375 boron or $^6$Li loaded plastic scintillator cubical cells 6.3\\,cm (2.500") on a side. Cell boundaries have a 0.127\\,mm (0.005") air gap, resulting in total internal reflection guiding most of the light down the 3 cardinal directions. The ROL detector technology for NuLat gives excellent spatial and energy resolution and allows for in-depth event topology studies. These features allow us to discern inverse beta decay (IBD) signals and the putative oscillation pattern, even in the presence of other backgrounds. We discuss here test venues, efficiency, sensitivity an...

Lane, C; Blackmon, J; Rasco, C; Mumm, H P; Markoff, D; Jocher, G R; Dorrill, R; Duvall, M; Learned, J G; Li, V; Maricic, J; Matsuno, S; Milincic, R; Negrashov, S; Sakai, M; Rosen, M; Varner, G; Huber, P; Pitt, M L; Rountree, S D; Vogelaar, R B; Wright, T; Yokley, Z

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Investigation of Neutrino Properties in Experiments at Nuclear Reactors: Present Status and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper was submitted in Russian edition of Journal Physics of Atomic Nuclei in 2001. The present status of experiments that are being performed at nuclear reactors in order to seek the neutrino masses, mixing, and magnetic moments, whose discovery would be a signal of the existence of physics beyond the Standard Model, is considered, along with their future prospects.

L. A. Mikaelyan

2002-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

28

Earth Matter Effects in Detection of Supernova Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculated the matter effect, including both the Earth and supernova, on the detection of neutrinos from type II supernovae at the proposed Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment. It is found that apart from the dependence on the flip probability P_H inside the supernova and the mass hierarchy of neutrinos, the amount of the Earth matter effect depends on the direction of the incoming supernova neutrinos, and reaches the biggest value when the incident angle of neutrinos is around 93^\\circ. In the reaction channel \\bar{\

X. -H. Guo; Bing-Lin Young

2006-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

29

The hunt for theta13 at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is located at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant in Shenzhen, China. The experiment deploys eight "identical" antineutrino detectors to measure antineutrino fluxes from six 2.9 GW_{th} reactor cores in three underground experimental halls at different distances. The target zone of the Daya Bay detector is filled with 20 t 0.1% Gd doped LAB liquid scintillator. The baseline uncorrelated detector uncertainty is ~0.38% using current experimental techniques. Daya Bay can reach a sensitivity of <0.01 to $sin^2 2theta_{13}$ with baseline uncertainties after 3 years of data taking.

Wei Wang; for the Daya Bay collaboration

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

30

The hunt for theta13 at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is located at the Daya Bay nuclear power plant in Shenzhen, China. The experiment deploys eight "identical" antineutrino detectors to measure antineutrino fluxes from six 2.9 GW_{th} reactor cores in three underground experimental halls at different distances. The target zone of the Daya Bay detector is filled with 20 t 0.1% Gd doped LAB liquid scintillator. The baseline uncorrelated detector uncertainty is ~0.38% using current experimental techniques. Daya Bay can reach a sensitivity of <0.01 to $sin^2 2theta_{13}$ with baseline uncertainties after 3 years of data taking.

Wang, Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Neutrinos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

source. Keywords: Neutrino, Oscillations, MiniBooNE, NuMI, off-axis PACS: 14.60.Pq,14.60.Lm,13.15.+g INTRODUCTION The NuMI beamline 1 produces neutrinos for the MINOS experiment...

32

Maximum likelihood reconstruction for the Daya Bay Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino experiment is designed to precisely determine the neutrino mixing angle theta13. In this paper, we report a maximum likelihood (ML) method to reconstruct the vertex and energy of events in the anti-neutrino detector, based on a simplified optical model that describes light propagation. We calibrate the key paramters of the optical model with Co60 source, by comparing the predicted charges of the PMTs with the observed charges. With the optimized parameters, the resolution of the vertex reconstruction is about 25cm for Co60 gamma.

Xia Dongmei

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Realistic Earth matter effects and a method to acquire information about small ?_{13} in the detection of supernova neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we first calculate the realistic Earth matter effects in the detection of type II supernova neutrinos at the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment which is currently under construction. It is found that the Earth matter effects depend on the neutrino incident angle $\\theta$, the neutrino mass hierarchy $\\Delta m_{31}^{2}$, the crossing probability at the high resonance region inside the supernova, $P_{H}$, the neutrino temperature, $T_{\\alpha}$, and the pinching parameter in the neutrino spectrum, $\\eta_{\\alpha}$. We also take into account the collective effects due to neutrino-neutrino interactions inside the supernova. With the expression for the dependence of $P_H$ on the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$, we obtain the relations between $\\theta_{13}$ and the event numbers for various reaction channels of supernova neutrinos. Using these relations, we propose a possible method to acquire information about $\\theta_{13}$ smaller than $1.5^\\circ$. Such a sensitivity cannot yet be achieved by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment which has a sensitivity of the order of $\\theta_{13}\\sim 3^\\circ$. Furthermore, we apply this method to other neutrino experiments, i.e. Super-K, SNO, KamLAND, LVD, MinBooNE, Borexino, and Double-Chooz. We also study the energy spectra of the differential event numbers, ${\\rm d}N/{\\rm d}E$.

Xin-Heng Guo; Ming-Yang Huang; Bing-Lin Young

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

A Comparison of the Performance of Compact Neutrino Detector Designs for Nuclear Reactor Safeguards and Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There has been an increasing interest in the monitoring of nuclear fuel for power reactors by detecting the anti-neutrinos produced during operation. Small liquid scintillator detectors have already demonstrated sensitivity to operational power levels, but more sensitive monitoring requires improvements in the efficiency and uniformity of these detectors. In this work, we use a montecarlo simulation to investigate the detector performance of four different detector configurations. Based on the analysis of neutron detection efficiency and positron energy response, we find that the optimal detector design will depend on the goals and restrictions of the specific installation or application. We have attempted to present the relevant information so that future detector development can proceed in a profitable direction.

McKeown, R W

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Implications of sterile neutrinos for medium/long-baseline neutrino experiments and the determination of ?13  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We revisit some of the recent neutrino observations and anomalies in the context of sterile neutrinos. Among our aims is to understand more clearly some of the analytic implications of the current global neutrino fits from short-baseline experiments. Of particular interest to us are the neutrino disappearance measurements from MINOS and the recent indications of a possibly nonvanishing angle, ?13, from T2K, MINOS and Double CHOOZ. Based on a general parametrization motivated in the presence of sterile neutrinos, the consistency of the MINOS disappearance data with additional sterile neutrinos is discussed. We also explore the implications of sterile neutrinos for the measurement of |U?3| in this case. We then turn our attention to the study of |Ue3| extraction in electron neutrino disappearance and appearance measurements. In particular, we study the effects of some of the additional CP phases that appear when there are sterile neutrinos. We observe that the existence of sterile neutrinos may induce a significant modification of the ?13 angle in neutrino appearance experiments like T2K and MINOS, over and above the ambiguities and degeneracies that are already present in three-neutrino parameter extractions. There are reactor experiments, for instance those measuring ?e disappearance like Double CHOOZ, Daya Bay and RENO, where this modification is less significant and therefore the extracted |Ue3| value when sterile neutrinos are present is close to the one that would be obtained in the three-neutrino case. Based on our study, we also conclude that the results from T2K imply a 90%C.L. lower bound on |Ue3|, in the 3+2 neutrino case, which is still within the sensitivity of future reactor neutrino experiments like Daya Bay, and consistent with the one-? range of sin?22?13 recently reported by the Double CHOOZ experiment. Finally, we argue that for the recently determined best-fit parameters, the results in the 3+1 scenario would be very close to the medium/long-baseline results obtained in the 3+2 case analyzed in this work.

Bhubanjyoti Bhattacharya; Arun M. Thalapillil; Carlos E. M. Wagner

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...produced by terrestrial accelerators, is unknown. If they...high-energy cosmic accelerators are so far away...0075 10 6 10 7 Nuclear reactors 0.0075 10 7...10 12 Man-made accelerator vacuum, so charged particles...

Dave Besson; Doug Cowen; Mats Selen; Christopher Wiebusch

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Testing the Reactor and Gallium Anomalies with Intense (Anti)Neutrino Emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several observed anomalies in neutrino oscillation data could be explained by a hypothetical fourth neutrino separated from the three standard neutrinos by a squared mass difference of a few 0.1 eV$^2$ or more. This hypothesis can be tested with MCi neutrino electron capture sources ($^{51}$Cr) or kCi antineutrino $\\beta$-source ($^{144}$Ce) deployed inside or next to a large low background neutrino detector. In particular, the compact size of this source coupled with the localization of the interaction vertex lead to an oscillating pattern in event spatial (and possibly energy) distributions that would unambiguously determine neutrino mass differences and mixing angles.

Th. Lasserre

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

Shedding light on LMA-Dark solar neutrino solution by medium baseline reactor experiments: JUNO and RENO-50  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of Non-Standard neutral current Interactions (NSI) a new solution to solar neutrino anomaly with $\\cos 2\\theta_{12}<0$ appears. We investigate how this solution can be tested by upcoming intermediate baseline reactor experiments, JUNO and RENO-50. We point out a degeneracy between the two solutions when both hierarchy and the $\\theta_{12}$ octant are flipped. We then comment on how this degeneracy can be partially lifted by long baseline experiments sensitive to matter effects such as the NOvA experiment.

Pouya Bakhti; Yasaman Farzan

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

39

Possible Observation of Nuclear Reactor Neutrinos Near the Oscillation Absolute Minimum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a summary of the basic three neutrino oscillation formalism we review briefly our present empirical knowledge of the oscillation parameters and conclude that the 2-neutrinos model is adequate to describe the survival probability of the electronic neutrino P(nue->nue). Then we proceed to the evaluation of P(nue->nue) relative to the antineutrinos emitted by the nuclear power stations presently in operation along the the Rhone valley. We assume that a detector has been installed in a existing cavity located under the Mont Ventoux at a depth equivalent to 1500 m of water. We show that such an experiment would provide the opportunity to observe neutrinos near the oscillation absolute minimum. We end by a rough estimate of the counting rate.

C. Bouchiat

2003-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

40

The mass production and quality control of RPCs for the Daya Bay Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive plate chambers will be used in the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment to help veto backgrounds created by cosmic-ray muons. The mass production of RPCs began in 2008 and by the end of 2009, 1600 RPCs (3500 m{sup 2}) had been produced and tested. This paper describes the production and quality control procedures, and quality assurance using cosmic-ray testing.

Hackenburg R.

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Neutrinos in Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the discovery of nuclear beta decay, nuclear physicists have studied the weak interaction and the nature of neutrinos. Many recent and current experiments have been focused on the elucidation of neutrino oscillations and neutrino mass. The quest for the absolute value of neutrino mass continues with higher precision studies of the tritium beta decay spectrum near the endpoint. Neutrino oscillations are studied through measurements of reactor neutrinos as a function of baseline and energy. And experiments searching for neutrinoless double beta decay seek to discover violation of lepton number and establish the Majorana nature of neutrino masses.

McKeown, R D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

BNL | Neutrino Research History  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brookhaven Neutrino Research Brookhaven Neutrino Research image of neutrinos Tens of billions of neutrinos are passing through every square centimeter of the Earth's surface right now. A Ghost-Particle Retrospective Neutrinos, ghostlike particles that flooded the universe just moments after the Big Bang, are born in the hearts of stars and other nuclear reactions. Untouched by electromagnetism and nearly as fast as light, neutrinos pass practically unhindered through everything from planets to people, only rarely responding to the weak nuclear force and the even weaker gravity. In fact, at any given moment, tens of billions of neutrinos are passing through every square centimeter of the Earth's surface. Neutrino Research News photomultiplier tubes New Results from Daya Bay: Tracking the Disappearance of Ghostlike

43

On the determination of anti-neutrino spectra from nuclear reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the effect of, well-known, higher order corrections to the allowed beta decay spectrum on the determination of anti-neutrino spectra resulting from the decays of fission fragments. In particular, we try to estimate the associated theory errors and find that induced currents like weak magnetism may ultimately limit our ability to improve the current accuracy and under certain circumstance could even largely increase the theoretical errors. We also perform a critical evaluation of the errors associated with our method to extract the anti-neutrino spectrum using synthetic beta spectra. It turns out, that a fit using only virtual beta branches with a judicious choice of the effective nuclear charge provides results with a minimal bias. We apply this method to actual data for U235, Pu239 and Pu241 and confirm, within errors, recent results, which indicate a net 3% upward shift in energy averaged anti-neutrino fluxes. However, we also find significant shape differences which can in principle be tested by high statistics anti-neutrino data samples.

Patrick Huber

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

44

The Effect of Sterile States on the Magnetic Moments of Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly review recent work exploring the effect of light sterile neutrino states on the neutrino magnetic moment as explored by the reactor and solar neutrino experiments.

A. B. Balantekin; N. Vassh

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

45

Constraints on Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions and Unparticle Physics with Neutrino-Electron Scattering at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino-electron scatterings are purely leptonic processes with robust Standard Model (SM) predictions. Their measurements can therefore provide constraints to physics beyond SM. The $\

M. Deniz er al.; TEXONO Collaboration

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Constraints on Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions and Unparticle Physics with Neutrino-Electron Scattering at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino-electron scatterings are purely leptonic processes with robust Standard Model (SM) predictions. Their measurements can therefore provide constraints to physics beyond SM. The $\

al., M Deniz er

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Yale High Energy Physics Research: Precision Studies of Reactor Antineutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This reports presents experimental research at the intensity frontier of particle physics with particular focus on the study of reactor antineutrinos and the precision measurement of neutrino oscillations. The experimental neutrino physics group of Professor Heeger and Senior Scientist Band at Yale University has had leading responsibilities in the construction and operation of the Daya Bay Reactor Antineutrino Experiment and made critical contributions to the discovery of non-zero$\\theta_{13}$. Heeger and Band led the Daya Bay detector management team and are now overseeing the operations of the antineutrino detectors. Postdoctoral researchers and students in this group have made leading contributions to the Daya Bay analysis including the prediction of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum, the analysis of the oscillation signal, and the precision determination of the target mass yielding unprecedented precision in the relative detector uncertainty. Heeger's group is now leading an R\\&D effort towards a short-baseline oscillation experiment, called PROSPECT, at a US research reactor and the development of antineutrino detectors with advanced background discrimination.

Heeger, Karsten M [Yale University

2014-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

48

Design and preliminary test results of Daya Bay RPC modules*  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) modules will be used as one part of the cosmic muon veto system in the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment. A total of 189 RPC modules will cover the three water pools in the experiment. To achieve track reconstruction and high efficiency, each module consists of 4 layers, each of which contains two sizes of bare chambers. The placement of bare chambers is reversed in different layers to reduce the overlapping dead areas. The module efficiency and patch efficiency were studied both in simulation and test of the data analysis. 143 modules have been constructed and tested. The preliminary study shows that the module and patch 3 out of 4 layers efficiency reaches about 98%.

Hackenburg, R.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Atmospheric Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a brief overview of the theory and experimental data of atmospheric neutrino production at the fiftieth anniversary of the experimental discovery of neutrinos.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

50

Probing Non-Standard Interactions at Daya Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we consider the presence of neutrino non-standard interactions (NSI) in the production and detection processes of reactor antineutrinos at the Daya Bay experiment. We report for the first time, the new constraints on the flavor non-universal and flavor universal charged-current NSI parameters, estimated using the currently released 621 days of Daya Bay data. New limits are placed assuming that the new physics effects are just inverse of each other in the production and detection processes. With this special choice of the NSI parameters, we observe a global shift in the oscillation amplitude without distorting the shape of the oscillation probability. This shift in the depth of the oscillation dip can be caused by the NSI parameters as well as by $\\theta_{13}$, making it quite difficult to disentangle the NSI effects from the standard oscillations. We explore the correlations between the NSI parameters and $\\theta_{13}$ that may lead to significant deviations in the reported value of the reacto...

Agarwalla, Sanjib Kumar; Forero, David V; Tortola, Mariam

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Secretary's Achievement Award | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Secretary's Achievement Award Secretary's Achievement Award Office of Science Daya Bay reactor Neutrino Detector Project...

52

Neutrino Physics  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The prediction and verification of the neutrino are reviewed, together with the V A theory for its interactions (particularly the difficulties with the apparent existence of two neutrinos and the high energy cross section). The Brookhaven experiment confirming the existence of two neutrinos and the cross section increase with momentum is then described, and future neutrino experiments are considered. (D.C.W.)

Lederman, L. M.

1963-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the energy released in the nuclear transition. If neutrinos have...momentum p is produced in a nuclear b-decay. At time t = 0 the...neutrino oscillations in x 3 only vacuum oscillations were considered...of muon neutrinos from the accelerator complex at Fermilab. The neutrinos...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Probing Non-Standard Interactions at Daya Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we consider the presence of neutrino non-standard interactions (NSI) in the production and detection processes of reactor antineutrinos at the Daya Bay experiment. We report for the first time, the new constraints on the flavor non-universal and flavor universal charged-current NSI parameters, estimated using the currently released 621 days of Daya Bay data. New limits are placed assuming that the new physics effects are just inverse of each other in the production and detection processes. With this special choice of the NSI parameters, we observe a global shift in the oscillation amplitude without distorting the shape of the oscillation probability. This shift in the depth of the oscillation dip can be caused by the NSI parameters as well as by $\\theta_{13}$, making it quite difficult to disentangle the NSI effects from the standard oscillations. We explore the correlations between the NSI parameters and $\\theta_{13}$ that may lead to significant deviations in the reported value of the reactor mixing angle with the help of iso-probability surface plots. Finally, we present the limits on electron, muon/tau, and flavor universal (FU) NSI couplings with and without considering the uncertainty in the normalization of the total event rates. Assuming a perfect knowledge of the event rates normalization, we find strong upper bounds ~ 0.1% for the electron and FU cases improving the present limits by one order of magnitude. However, for a conservative error of 5% in the total normalization, these constraints are relaxed by almost one order of magnitude.

Sanjib Kumar Agarwalla; Partha Bagchi; David V. Forero; Mariam Tortola

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

55

Neutrino Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this review we present the main features of the current status of neutrino physics. After a review of the theory of neutrino mixing and oscillations, we discuss the current status of solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that the current data can be nicely accommodated in the framework of three-neutrino mixing. We discuss also the problem of the determination of the absolute neutrino mass scale through Tritium beta-decay experiments and astrophysical observations, and the exploration of the Majorana nature of massive neutrinos through neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. Finally, future prospects are briefly discussed.

Carlo Giunti; Marco Laveder

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Photo of the Week: The Daya Bay Antineutrino Detector | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Photo of the Week: The Daya Bay Antineutrino Detector Photo of the Week: The Daya Bay Antineutrino Detector Photo of the Week: The Daya Bay Antineutrino Detector September 7, 2012 - 3:07pm Addthis While they might look like drops of water or soap bubbles, these colorful figures are actually photomultiplier tubes that line the walls of the Daya Bay neutrino detector. Neutrinos and antineutrinos are neutral particles produced in nuclear beta decay when neutrons turn into protons. This experiment aims to measure the final unknown mixing angle that describes how neutrinos oscillate. The tubes are designed to amplify and record the faint flashes of light that signify an antineutrino interaction. Lawrence Berkeley and Brookhaven National Labs and a number of physicists at U.S. universities played leading roles in the Daya Bay experiment, from designing the detectors all the way through to analyzing the data gathered. | Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt, LBNL.

57

Next Challenge in Neutrino Physics: the theta(13) Angle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new generation of oscillation experiments optimized to measure theta(13) is ready to start. Performances, complementarity and competition of these accelerator and reactor experiments will be shortly illustrated. The capability of measuring theta(13) with other neutrino sources, like solar, atmospheric, supernovae neutrinos or neutrinos from a tritium source will be discussed too.

Mauro Mezzetto

2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

58

If sterile neutrinos exist, how can one determine the total solar neutrino fluxes? John N. Bahcall,1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the center of the Sun. This flavor change was seen directly by the comparison of the Sudbury Neutrino measurements made with the KamLAND reactor experiment and with the SNO CC solar neutrino experiment, provided determine the total solar neutrino fluxes (8 B,7 Be, and pp) for comparison with solar model predic- tions

Bahcall, John

59

Progress in the physics of massive neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current status of the physics of massive neutrinos is reviewed with a forward-looking emphasis. The article begins with the general phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and matter and documents the experimental evidence for oscillations of solar, reactor, atmospheric and accelerator neutrinos. Both active and sterile oscillation possibilities are considered. The impact of cosmology (BBN, CMB, leptogenesis) and astrophysics (supernovae, highest energy cosmic rays) on neutrino observables and vice versa, is evaluated. The predictions of grand unified, radiative and other models of neutrino mass are discussed. Ways of determining the unknown parameters of three-neutrino oscillations are assessed, taking into account eight-fold degeneracies in parameters that yield the same oscillation probabilities, as well as ways to determine the absolute neutrino mass scale (from beta-decay, neutrinoless double-beta decay, large scale structure and Z-bursts). Critical unknowns at present are the amplitude of \

V. Barger; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

60

Neutrino Superbeams  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Upgraded conventional neutrino beams: Neutrino superbeams Upgraded conventional neutrino beams: Neutrino superbeams The capabilities of greatly upgraded conventional neutrino beams and the comparison with neutrino factories is under study. This page collects together some useful working information-- and at the bottom you can find links to studies that have already been done! GROUP REPORT: Oscillation Measurements with Upgraded Conventional Neutrino Beams V. Barger et al., hep-ex/0103052 (FERMILAB-FN-703), Addendum to Report FN-692 to the Fermilab Directorate, March 5, 2001. MI upgrade limitations Conf-97-199, W. Chou NUMI low energy beam with L = 732 km uoscillation signals for point IA1 (LMA scenario) but with sin**2 2theta(13) = 0.01, from Steve Geer. NUMI medium energy beam with L = 2800 km oscillation signals for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Neutrino Oscillations, Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review the experimental evidence for neutrino mixing and neutrino mass. Searches for possible branches into heavy neutrinos do not reveal evidence for static mixing with branching ratios larger than 10?4 to 10?6. Similarly neutrino oscillation experiments show no evidence for dynamic mixing in various oscillation channels. Stringent limits for ? e disappearance from a recent reactor experiment are presented. Results from neutrinoless double beta decay provide sensitive test for Majorana mass and right?hand couplings the present limits being 310 eV and 10?5 respectively.

F. Boehm

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Solar Neutrinos  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The prospect of studying the solar energy generation process directly by observing the solar neutrino radiation has been discussed for many years. The main difficulty with this approach is that the sun emits predominantly low energy neutrinos, and detectors for observing low fluxes of low energy neutrinos have not been developed. However, experimental techniques have been developed for observing neutrinos, and one can foresee that in the near future these techniques will be improved sufficiently in sensitivity to observe solar neutrinos. At the present several experiments are being designed and hopefully will be operating in the next year or so. We will discuss an experiment based upon a neutrino capture reaction that is the inverse of the electron-capture radioactive decay of argon-37. The method depends upon exposing a large volume of a chlorine compound, removing the radioactive argon-37 and observing the characteristic decay in a small low-level counter.

Davis, R. Jr.; Harmer, D. S.

1964-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

63

Reactor Antineutrinos Signal all over the world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an updated estimate of reactor antineutrino signal all over the world, with particular attention to the sites proposed for existing and future geo-neutrino experiment. In our calculation we take into account the most updated data on Thermal Power for each nuclear plant, on reactor antineutrino spectra and on three neutrino oscillation mechanism.

Ricci, B; Baldoncini, M; Esposito, J; Ludhova, L; Zavatarelli, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Reactor Antineutrinos Signal all over the world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an updated estimate of reactor antineutrino signal all over the world, with particular attention to the sites proposed for existing and future geo-neutrino experiment. In our calculation we take into account the most updated data on Thermal Power for each nuclear plant, on reactor antineutrino spectra and on three neutrino oscillation mechanism.

B. Ricci; F. Mantovani; M. Baldoncini; J. Esposito; L. Ludhova; S. Zavatarelli

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

65

Booster Neutrino Experiment - About Neutrinos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adventure An interactive tour of quarks, neutrinos, anti-matter, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators, and particle detectors. Developed by the Particle Data Group....

66

digital circuit patch bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A patch bay in which low-level digital data circuits may be patched, monitored, and tested. Note: The digital circuit patch bay may be either (a) a...See also circuit ...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Bay Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bay Area Bay Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Bay Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Bay Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Bay Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Bay Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Bay Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Bay Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Bay Area Products and Services in the Bay Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

68

Neutrino Theory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

operators in the Lagrangian (Majorana mass terms), or both. The ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches may be able to shine light on the matter. But the neutrino sector...

69

Solar Neutrinos: Status and Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the current status of solar neutrino measurements and of the theory -- both neutrino physics and solar astrophysics -- employed in interpreting measurements. Important recent developments include Super-Kamiokande's determination of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate for 8B neutrinos to 3%; the latest SNO global analysis in which the inclusion of low-energy data from SNO I and II significantly narrowed the range of allowed values for the neutrino mixing angle theta12; Borexino results for both the 7Be and pep neutrino fluxes, the first direct measurements constraining the rate of ppI and ppII burning in the Sun; global reanalyses of solar neutrino data that take into account new reactor results on theta13; a new decadal evaluation of the nuclear physics of the pp chain and CNO cycle defining best values and uncertainties in the nuclear microphysics input to solar models; recognition of an emerging discrepancy between two tests of solar metallicity, helioseismological mappings of the sound speed in the solar interior, and analyses of the metal photoabsorption lines based on our best current description of the Sun's photosphere; a new round of standard solar model calculations optimized to agree either with helioseismology or with the new photospheric analysis; and, motivated by the solar abundance problem, the development of nonstandard, accreting solar models, in order to investigate possible consequences of the metal segregation that occurred in the proto-solar disk. We review this progress and describe how new experiments such as SNO+ could help us further exploit neutrinos as a unique probe of stellar interiors.

W. C. Haxton; R. G. Hamish Robertson; Aldo M. Serenelli

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

70

Neutrinos at high energy accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREAMBLE, BRIEF HISTORY AND PRELIMINARIES, QUICK REVIEW OF BASIC NEUTRINO PROPERTIES, CHARGED CURRENT NEUTRINO PROCESSES, NEUTRAL CURRENT NEUTRINO PROCESSES, VERY HEAVY NEUTRINOS, CONCLUDING SUMMARY

Probir Roy

1993-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

71

Solar Neutrinos and the Decaying Neutrino Hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore, mostly using data from solar neutrino experiments, the hypothesis that the neutrino mass eigenstates are unstable. We find that, by combining $^8$B solar neutrino data with those on $^7$Be and lower-energy solar neutrinos, one obtains a mostly model-independent bound on both the $\

Jeffrey M. Berryman; Andre de Gouvea; Daniel Hernandez

2014-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

72

Solar Neutrinos and the Decaying Neutrino Hypothesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore, mostly using data from solar neutrino experiments, the hypothesis that the neutrino mass eigenstates are unstable. We find that, by combining $^8$B solar neutrino data with those on $^7$Be and lower-energy solar neutrinos, one obtains a mostly model-independent bound on both the $\

Berryman, Jeffrey M; Hernandez, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Nuclear reactor fissile isotopes antineutrino spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Positron spectrum from inverse beta decay reaction on proton was measured in 1988-1990 as a result of neutrino exploration experiment. The measured spectrum has the largest statistics and lowest energy threshold between other neutrino experiments made that time at nuclear reactors. On base of the positron spectrum the standard antineutrino spectrum for typical reactor fuel composition was restored. In presented analysis the partial spectra forming this standard spectrum were extracted using specific method. They could be used for neutrino experiments data analysis made at any fuel composition of reactor core.

V. Sinev

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

74

Solar Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental work with solar neutrinos has illuminated the properties of neutrinos and tested models of how the sun produces its energy. Three experiments continue to take data, and at least seven are in various stages of planning or construction. In this review, the current experimental status is summarized, and future directions explored with a focus on the effects of a non-zero theta-13 and the interesting possibility of directly testing the luminosity constraint. Such a confrontation at the few-percent level would provide a prediction of the solar irradiance tens of thousands of years in the future for comparison with the present-day irradiance. A model-independent analysis of existing low-energy data shows good agreement between the neutrino and electromagnetic luminosities at the +/- 20 % level.

R. G. H. Robertson

2006-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

75

Colliding neutrino beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From several neutrino oscillation experiments, we understand now that neutrinos have mass. However, we really don't know what mechanism is responsible for producing this neutrino mass. Current or planned neutrino experiments utilize neutrino beams and long-baseline detectors to explore flavor mixing but do not address the question of the origin of neutrino mass. In order to answer that question, neutrino interactions need to be explored at much higher energies. This paper outlines a program to explore neutrinos and their interactions with various particles through a series of experiments involving colliding neutrino beams.

Reinhard Schwienhorst

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

76

Tidal Computations for Morecambe Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, Proc. Am. S. Civil Eng...computation of two hurricane surges in Galveston Bay, Texas. Sielecki & Wurtele (1970...Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay, Proc. Am. S. Civil Eng......

R. A. Flather; N. S. Heaps

1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the Last Neutrino  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NGFS Played a Key NGFS Played a Key Role in Neutrino Finding NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the Last Neutrino Mixing Angle February 7, 2013 | Tags: High Energy Physics (HEP), NERSC Global Filesystems (NGF), Science Gateways John Hules, JAHules@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 6008 XBD201107-00790-183.jpg Daya Bay Neutrino Facility in China. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Discovery of the last neutrino mixing angle - one of Science magazine's top ten breakthroughs of the year 2012 - was announced in March 2012, just a few months after the Daya Bay Neutrino Experiment's first detectors went online in southeast China. Collaborating scientists from China, the United States, the Czech Republic, and Russia were thrilled that their experiment was producing more data than expected, and that a positive

78

Neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Solar neutrino oscillations The thermonuclear fusion reactions in the core of the Sun...dominant source of solar energy is the fusion process 4p !4 He + 2n e + 2e...related to the 4p ! 4He+2n e +2e+ fusion rate. Consequently, the theoretical...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electromagnetic properties of neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A short review on electromagnetic properties of neutrinos is presented. In spite of many efforts in the theoretical and experimental studies of neutrino electromagnetic properties, they still remain one of the main puzzles related to neutrinos.

Carlo Giunti; Alexander Studenikin

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

80

Neutrinos: Theory and Phenomenology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory and phenomenology of neutrinos will be addressed, especially that relating to the observation of neutrino flavor transformations. The current status and implications for future experiments will be discussed with special emphasis on the experiments that will determine the neutrino mass ordering, the dominant flavor content of the neutrino mass eigenstate with the smallest electron neutrino content and the size of CP violation in the neutrino sector. Beyond the neutrino Standard Model, the evidence for and a possible definitive experiment to confirm or refute the existence of light sterile neutrinos will be briefly discussed.

Parke, Stephen

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Short Baseline Neutrino  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 10, 2003 March 10, 2003 Jonathan Link, Columbia La Thuile A Little Neutrino Phenomenology If neutrinos have mass then they may oscillate between flavors. ) 27 . 1 ( sin...

82

Neutrino Oscillation Search Neutrino Oscillation Search  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EPS HEP 2007 MiniBooNE, Part 2: MiniBooNE, Part 2: First Results of the Muon-To-Electron First Results of the Muon-To-Electron Neutrino Oscillation Search Neutrino Oscillation...

83

Neutrino physics at accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and future neutrino experiments at accelerators are mainly concerned with understanding the neutrino oscillation phenomenon and its implications. Here a brief account of neutrino oscillations is given together with a description of the supporting data. Some current and planned accelerator neutrino experiments are also explained.

Enrique Fernandez

2006-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

Muons and Neutrinos 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is the written version of the rapporteur talk on Section HE-2, muons and neutrinos, presented at the 30th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Merida, Yucatan, July 11, 2007. Topics include atmospheric muons and neutrinos, solar neutrinos and astrophysical neutrinos as well as calculations and instrumentation related to these topics.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

85

Neutrino Physics AAPT Strand Day  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics AAPT Strand Day NSTA Regional, 2005 Jocelyn Monroe, Columbia University 1. What Is a Neutrino Anyway? 2. The Question Of Neutrino Mass 3. Searching For Neutrino...

86

digital primary patch bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A patch bay that provides (a) the first ... in a technical control facility and (b) patching, monitoring, and testing capabilities for both...Common abbreviation DPPB. Note: The digital ci...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

K-patch bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A patching facility designed for patching and monitoring balanced digital data circuits, i...?1) (Mbps, Mb/s, Mb/sec) Synonym K-type patch bay. See also balance ...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay February 25, 2011 - 4:37pm Addthis Nuclear power plants like the twin Daya Bay reactors, yield large amounts of electron antineutrinos -- millions of quadrillions of them every second. | Photo Courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Nuclear power plants like the twin Daya Bay reactors, yield large amounts of electron antineutrinos -- millions of quadrillions of them every second. | Photo Courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Researchers at Oak Ridge National Lab have a developed "fingerprints" to match the results of experiments with data from supercomputer

89

Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay 2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay Geek-Up[2.24.2011]: Dynamical Fingerprints and Daya Bay February 25, 2011 - 4:37pm Addthis Nuclear power plants like the twin Daya Bay reactors, yield large amounts of electron antineutrinos -- millions of quadrillions of them every second. | Photo Courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Nuclear power plants like the twin Daya Bay reactors, yield large amounts of electron antineutrinos -- millions of quadrillions of them every second. | Photo Courtesy of Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Researchers at Oak Ridge National Lab have a developed "fingerprints" to match the results of experiments with data from supercomputer

90

Is there evidence for sterile neutrinos in IceCube data?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector and Mini-Booster Neutrino experiments, and the revised expectations of the antineutrino flux from nuclear reactors suggest the existence of eV-mass sterile neutrinos. The 3+2 and 1+3+1 scenarios accommodate all relevant short-baseline neutrino data except for the low-energy Mini-Booster Neutrino Experiment anomaly. We analyze the angular distribution of upward going atmospheric neutrino events in the IceCube-40 data set for evidence of sterile neutrinos within these scenarios. Depending on how systematic uncertainties are handled, we find strong evidence for, or weak evidence against sterile neutrinos. We show that future IceCube data will definitively settle the issue.

V. Barger; Y. Gao; D. Marfatia

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

Module bay with directed flow  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A module bay requires less cleanroom airflow. A shaped gas inlet passage can allow cleanroom air into the module bay with flow velocity preferentially directed toward contaminant rich portions of a processing module in the module bay. Preferential gas flow direction can more efficiently purge contaminants from appropriate portions of the module bay, allowing a reduced cleanroom air flow rate for contaminant removal. A shelf extending from an air inlet slit in one wall of a module bay can direct air flowing therethrough toward contaminant-rich portions of the module bay, such as a junction between a lid and base of a processing module.

Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Combined analysis of all three phases of solar neutrino data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report results from a combined analysis of solar neutrino data from all phases of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). By exploiting particle identification information obtained from the proportional counters installed during the third phase, this analysis improved background rejection in that phase of the experiment. The combined analysis of the SNO data resulted in a total flux of active neutrino flavors from 8B decays in the Sun of (5.250.16(stat.)?0.13+0.11(syst.))106cm?2s?1, while a two-flavor neutrino oscillation analysis yielded ?m212=(5.6?1.4+1.9)10?5eV2 and tan2?12=0.427?0.029+0.033. A three-flavor neutrino oscillation analysis combining the SNO result with results of all other solar neutrino experiments and reactor neutrino experiments yielded ?m212=(7.46?0.19+0.20)10?5eV2, tan2?12=0.443?0.025+0.030, and sin2?13=(2.49?0.32+0.20)10?2.

B. Aharmim et al. (SNO Collaboration)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

ON CONSISTENCY OF BAYES PROCEDURES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ON CONSISTENCY OF BAYES PROCEDURES Loraine Schwartz DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA...COLUMBIA. | Journal Article ON CONSISTENCY OF BAYES PROCEDURES BY LORAINE SCHWARTZ DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA...

Loraine Schwartz

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Neutrino energy reconstruction problems and neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the accuracy of the usual procedure for neutrino energy reconstruction which is based on the quasielastic kinematics. Our results are described in terms of a probability distribution for a real neutrino energy value. Several factors are responsible of the deviations from the reconstructed value. The main one is the multinucleon component of the neutrino interaction which in the case of Cherenkov detectors enters as a quasielastic cross section, increasing the mean neutrino energy which can differ appreciably from the reconstructed value. As an application we derive, for excess electron events attributed to the conversion of muon neutrinos, the true neutrino energy distribution based on the experimental one which is given in terms of the reconstructed value. The result is a reshaping effect. For MiniBooNE the low energy peak is suppressed and shifted at higher energies, which may influence the interpretation in terms of oscillation. For T2K at the Super Kamiokande far detector the reshaping translat...

Martini, M; Chanfray, G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Neutrino_Lectures_1and2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NuTeV sin 2 W Measurement Direct Neutrino Mass Measurements Neutrino Oscillation Phenomenology Solar Neutrinos (part 1) Lecture 2: Solar Neutrinos (part 2) Atmospheric and...

96

Solar neutrino experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main results of solar neutrino experiments are presented, ranging from the pioneering Cl-Ar experiment up to the most recent Borexino data. Solar neutrino fluxes and spectra are given for two versions of the standard solar model, and radiochemical and electronic detectors are briefly described. The results of Be- and pep-neutrino detection by Borexino are presented. The LMA-MSW oscillation solution of the solar neutrino problem is considered.

A V Derbin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Neutrino Astronomy Scott Wilbur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V protons, which should be created with neutrinos, have been seen Can be used to observe possible dark Particle Physics Extremely long baseline for neutrino oscillation studies Dark Matter Searches Many dark Detector Picture from AMANDA II Web Site: http://www.amanda.uci.edu #12;Advantages of Neutrino Astronomy

Golwala, Sunil

98

NEUTRINO PHYSICS WITH THERMAL DETECTORS A. ALESSANDRELLO, C. BROFFERIO, O. CREMONESI, E. FIORINI,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Berkeley CA 94720, USA We present the status of our experiments with thermal detectors applied;#12;-0#23;). In the light of the recent hints on atmospheric, solar and reactor neutrino oscillations, 1 both the neutrino sensitivity. Intuitively one expects #1;T #25; E=C and therefore any material with a low heat capacity C can

99

Testing standard and nonstandard neutrino physics with cosmological data Elena Giusarma,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109, USA 3 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA (Received 26 November 2012; published 7 February 2013, solar, atmospheric, reactor, and accelera- tor neutrinos have provided compelling evidence

Adolphs, Ralph

100

A prototype station for ARIANNA: a detector for cosmic neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Antarctic Ross Iceshelf Antenna Neutrino Array (ARIANNA) is a proposed detector for ultra-high energy astrophysical neutrinos. It will detect coherent radio Cherenkov emission from the particle showers produced by neutrinos with energies above about 1017 eV. ARIANNA will be built on the Ross Ice Shelf just off the coast of Antarctica, where it will eventually cover about 900 km2 in surface area. There, the ice-water interface below the shelf reflects radio waves, giving ARIANNA sensitivity to downward going neutrinos and improving its sensitivity to horizontally incident neutrinos. ARIANNA detector stations will each contain 4-8 antennas which search for brief pulses of 50 MHz to 1 GHz radio emission from neutrino interactions. We describe a prototype station for ARIANNA which was deployed in Moore's Bay on the Ross Ice Shelf in December 2009, discuss the design and deployment, and present some initial figures on performance. The ice shelf thickness was measured to be 572 +- 6 m at the deployment site.

Gerhardt, L.; Klein, S.; Stezelberger, T.; Barwick, S.; Dookayka, K.; Hanson, J.; Nichol, R.

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nuclear Reactor (atomic reactor)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor splits Uranium or Plutonium nuclei, and the...235 is fissionable but more than 99% of the naturally occurring Uranium is U238 that makes enrichment mandatory. In some reactors U238 and Thorium23...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Measurement of the ?e and total 8B solar neutrino fluxes with the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory phase-III data set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper details the solar neutrino analysis of the 385.17-day phase-III data set acquired by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). An array of 3He proportional counters was installed in the heavy-water target to measure precisely the rate of neutrino-deuteron neutral-current interactions. This technique to determine the total active 8B solar neutrino flux was largely independent of the methods employed in previous phases. The total flux of active neutrinos was measured to be 5.54?0.31+0.33(stat.)?0.34+0.36(syst.)106cm?2s?1, consistent with previous measurements and standard solar models. A global analysis of solar and reactor neutrino mixing parameters yielded the best-fit values of ?m2=7.59?0.21+0.1910?5eV2 and ?=34.4?1.2+1.3degrees.

B. Aharmim et al. (SNO Collaboration)

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

103

Acoustic characteristics of bay bottom sediments in Lavaca Bay, TX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

METHODS An Edgetech X-Star chirp sonar was used to gather subbottom acoustic profile data from Lavaca Bay. The sonar fish was towed on a short line next to the side of the boat, about 0.5 m below the water surface. The data were recorded onto 4 mm... middle Lavaca Bay (just above Chocolate Bay) and Keller bay, which have lines running southwest to northeast (Fig. 1). The subbottom data were plotted and examined on a computer using SonarWeb, a seismic processing program from Chesapeake...

Patch, Mary Catherine

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

104

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

arXiv:0806.1449 General neutrino fluxes vs true neutrino energy, for MiniBooNE: image:muon neutrino flux image:electron neutrino flux image:final muon and electron neutrino...

105

MINOS Sterile Neutrino Search  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) is a long-baseline accelerator neutrino experiment designed to measure properties of neutrino oscillation. Using a high intensity muon neutrino beam, produced by the Neutrinos at Main Injector (NuMI) complex at Fermilab, MINOS makes two measurements of neutrino interactions. The first measurement is made using the Near Detector situated at Fermilab and the second is made using the Far Detector located in the Soudan Underground laboratory in northern Minnesota. The primary goal of MINOS is to verify, and measure the properties of, neutrino oscillation between the two detectors using the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} V{sub {tau}} transition. A complementary measurement can be made to search for the existence of sterile neutrinos; an oft theorized, but experimentally unvalidated particle. The following thesis will show the results of a sterile neutrino search using MINOS RunI and RunII data totaling {approx}2.5 x 10{sup 20} protons on target. Due to the theoretical nature of sterile neutrinos, complete formalism that covers transition probabilities for the three known active states with the addition of a sterile state is also presented.

Koskinen, David Jason; /University Coll. London

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Global analysis of neutrino masses, mixings, and phases: Entering the era of leptonic CP violation searches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform a global analysis of neutrino oscillation data, including high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle ?13 at reactor experiments, which have confirmed previous indications in favor of ?13>0. Recent data presented at the Neutrino 2012 conference are also included. We focus on the correlations between ?13 and the mixing angle ?23, as well as between ?13 and the neutrino CP-violation phase ?. We find interesting indications for ?23

G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo; A. M. Rotunno

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

107

Solar neutrino detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

Miramonti, Lino [Physics department of Milano University and INFN (Italy)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Solar neutrino detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.

Lino Miramonti

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

Massive neutrinos and cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present experimental results on neutrino flavour oscillations provide evidence for non-zero neutrino masses, but give no hint on their absolute mass scale, which is the target of beta decay and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. Crucial complementary information on neutrino masses can be obtained from the analysis of data on cosmological observables, such as the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background or the distribution of large-scale structure. In this review we describe in detail how free-streaming massive neutrinos affect the evolution of cosmological perturbations. We summarize the current bounds on the sum of neutrino masses that can be derived from various combinations of cosmological data, including the most recent analysis by the WMAP team. We also discuss how future cosmological experiments are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses well into the sub-eV range.

Julien Lesgourgues; Sergio Pastor

2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

110

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the detection of neutrinos from a typical gamma ray burst requires a kilometer-scale detector. We argue that large bursts should be visible with the neutrino telescopes under construction. We emphasize the 3 techniques by which neutrino telescopes can perform this search: by triggering on i) bursts of muons from muon neutrinos, ii) muons from air cascades initiated by high energy gamma rays and iii) showers made by relatively low energy ($\\simeq 100\\,\\mev$) electron neutrinos. Timing of neutrino-photon coincidences may yield a measurement of the neutrino mass to order $10^{-5}$~eV, an interesting range in light of the solar neutrino anomaly.

F. Halzen; G. Jaczko

1996-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Heat fluxes in Tampa Bay, Florida.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Meyers et al. (2007) Tampa Bay Model produces water level and three-dimensional current and salinity fields for Tampa Bay. It is capable of computing (more)

Sopkin, Kristin L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Field's Point Wastewater Treatment Facility (Narragansett Bay...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Field's Point Wastewater Treatment Facility (Narragansett Bay Commission) Jump to: navigation, search Name Field's Point Wastewater Treatment Facility (Narragansett Bay Commission)...

113

Neutrinos: Nature's Ghosts?  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Dr. Don Lincoln introduces one of the most fascinating inhabitants of the subatomic realm: the neutrino. Neutrinos are ghosts of the microworld, almost not interacting at all. In this video, he describes some of their properties and how they were discovered. Studies of neutrinos are expected to be performed at many laboratories across the world and to form one of the cornerstones of the Fermilab research program for the next decade or more.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Neutrinos: Nature's Ghosts?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dr. Don Lincoln introduces one of the most fascinating inhabitants of the subatomic realm: the neutrino. Neutrinos are ghosts of the microworld, almost not interacting at all. In this video, he describes some of their properties and how they were discovered. Studies of neutrinos are expected to be performed at many laboratories across the world and to form one of the cornerstones of the Fermilab research program for the next decade or more.

Lincoln, Don

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

115

Neutrino energy reconstruction problems and neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the accuracy of the usual procedure for neutrino energy reconstruction which is based on the quasielastic kinematics. Our results are described in terms of a probability distribution for a real neutrino energy value. Several factors are responsible for the deviations from the reconstructed value. The main one is the multinucleon component of the neutrino interaction which in the case of Cherenkov detectors enters as a quasielastic cross section, increasing the mean neutrino energy which can differ appreciably from the reconstructed value. As an application we derive, for excess electron events attributed to the conversion of muon neutrinos, the true neutrino energy distribution based on the experimental one which is given in terms of the reconstructed value. The result is a reshaping effect. For MiniBooNE the low energy peak is suppressed and shifted at higher energies, which may influence the interpretation in terms of oscillation. For T2K at the Super Kamiokande far detector the reshaping translates into a narrowing of the energy distribution.

M. Martini; M. Ericson; G. Chanfray

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Neutrino energy reconstruction problems and neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the accuracy of the usual procedure for neutrino energy reconstruction which is based on the quasielastic kinematics. Our results are described in terms of a probability distribution for a real neutrino energy value. Several factors are responsible of the deviations from the reconstructed value. The main one is the multinucleon component of the neutrino interaction which in the case of Cherenkov detectors enters as a quasielastic cross section, increasing the mean neutrino energy which can differ appreciably from the reconstructed value. As an application we derive, for excess electron events attributed to the conversion of muon neutrinos, the true neutrino energy distribution based on the experimental one which is given in terms of the reconstructed value. The result is a reshaping effect. For MiniBooNE the low energy peak is suppressed and shifted at higher energies, which may influence the interpretation in terms of oscillation. For T2K at the Super Kamiokande far detector the reshaping translates into a narrowing of the energy distribution.

M. Martini; M. Ericson; G. Chanfray

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

117

Atmospheric Neutrino Fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting with an historical review, I summarize the status of calculations of the flux of atmospheric neutrinos and how they compare to measurements.

Thomas K. Gaisser

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

118

STATUS OF THE MILANO NEUTRINO MASS EXPERIMENT WITH THERMAL DETECTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, University of California, Berkeley CA 94720, USA In this paper we present our recent developments eV. The recent hints on atmospheric, solar and reactor neutrino oscillations 1 increase the interest=C and therefore any material with a low heat capacity C

119

INTRODUCTION TO THREE-NEUTRINO MIXING PARAMETERS LISTINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(ANL). Introduction and Notation: With the exception of the LSND anomaly, current accelerator, reactor currently use this convention. Accelerator neutrino experiments: Ignoring the small m2 21 scale, CP violation, and matter effects, the equations for the probability of appearance in an accelerator oscillation

120

Mission Bay UCSF Campus Boundary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design: reineckandreineck.com, San Francisco UCSF DMM Revised 8/10 6th Street Owens Street Owens Street Haile T. Debas South Gateway UCSF Police Of ce Third Street Garage Plaza Retail/ATM South North Helen Lane Hearst Tower West UCSF Mission Bay/ Gene Friend Way Muni Light Rail Station Mission Bay Housing

Lim, Wendell

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Neutrino oscillations and the number of neutrino types  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A brief treatment of neutrino oscillations, generalized to an arbitrary number of neutrino types, is given as the basis for design of a feasible experiment to search for neutrino oscillations using the neutrino beam produced at a high-energy proton accelerator.

A. K. Mann and H. Primakoff

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Quasi-energy-independent solar neutrino transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current solar, atmospheric, and reactor neutrino data still allow oscillation scenarios where the squared mass differences are all close to 10^-3 eV^2, rather than being hierarchically separated. For solar neutrinos, this situation (realized in the upper part of the so-called large-mixing angle solution) implies adiabatic transitions which depend weakly on the neutrino energy and on the matter density, as well as on the ``atmospheric'' squared mass difference. In such a regime of ``quasi-energy-independent'' (QEI) transitions, intermediate between the more familiar ``Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein'' (MSW) and energy-independent (EI) regimes, we first perform analytical calculations of the solar nu_e survival probability at first order in the matter density, beyond the usual hierarchical approximations. We then provide accurate, generalized expressions for the solar neutrino mixing angles in matter, which reduce to those valid in the MSW, QEI and EI regimes in appropriate limits. Finally, a representative QEI scenario is discussed in some detail.

G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Palazzo

2001-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

123

Neutrino Counter Nuclear Weapon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiations produced by neutrino-antineutrino annihilation at the Z0 pole can be used to heat up the primary stage of a thermonuclear warhead and can in principle detonate the device remotely. Neutrino-antineutrino annihilation can also be used as a tactical assault weapon to target hideouts that are unreachable by conventional means.

Tang, Alfred

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

GeVPeV neutrino production and oscillation in hidden jets from gamma-ray bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Section 4) and in vacuum (its path up to...atmospheric and accelerator neutrino experiments...are produced in nuclear reactors. Kamioka...Collaboration) 2011]. 1 Accelerator neutrinos are mostly...2pi/delta is the vacuum oscillation length...atmospheric and accelerator parameters. In......

Nissim Fraija

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Solar Neutrino Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With its heavy water target, the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) offers the unique opportunity to measure both the 8B flux of electron neutrinos from the Sun and, independently, the flux of all active neutrino species reaching the Earth. A model-independent test of the hypothesis that neutrino oscillations are responsible for the observed solar neutrino deficit can be made by comparing the charged-current (CC) and neutral-current (NC) rates. This LDRD proposal supported the research and development necessary for an assessment of backgrounds and performance of the SNO detector and the ability to extract the NC/CC-Ratio. Particular emphasis is put upon the criteria for deployment and signal extraction from a discrete NC detector array based upon ultra-low background 3He proportional counters.

Bowles, T.J.; Brice, S.J.; Esch, E.-I.; Fowler, M.M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hime, A.; McGirt, F.; Miller, G.G.; Thornewell, P.M.; Wilhelmy, J.B.; Wouters, J.M.

1999-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solutions to problems in nuclear non-proliferation and counter-terrorism may be found at the forefront of modern physics. Neutrino oscillation experiments, dark matter searches, and high energy astrophysics, are based on technology advances that have may also have application to nuclear detection. The detection problems share many characteristics, including energy scales, time structures, particle-type, and, of course, the combination of high backgrounds and low signal levels. This convergence of basic and applied physics is realized in non-proliferation and homeland security projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Examples described here include reactor anti-neutrino monitoring, dual-phase noble liquid TPC development, gamma-ray telescopes, and nuclear resonance fluorescence.

Goldstein, W H; Bernstein, A; Craig, W W; Johnson, M

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

127

Neutrino-neutrino interactions in a supernova and their effect on neutrino flavor conversions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutrino-neutrino interactions inside a supernova core give rise to nonlinear collective effects that significantly influence the neutrino flavor conversions inside the star. I shall describe these interactions, the new oscillation phenomena they generate, and their effect on the neutrino fluxes arriving at the earth.

Dighe, Amol [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.

V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric neutrino and K2K data...

Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BooNE will investigate the question of neutrino mass by searching for oscillations of muon neutrinos into electron neutrinos. This will be done by directing a muon neutrino beam...

131

Vermilion Bay | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vermilion Bay Vermilion Bay Jump to: navigation, search Name Vermilion Bay Facility Vermilion Bay Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Coastal Point Energy LLC Developer Coastal Point Energy LLC Location Gulf of Mexico LA Coordinates 29.741°, -92.057° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.741,"lon":-92.057,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

Tidal Computations for Morecambe Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Feasibility study of water conservation in Morecambe Bay, Report...very small amounts of water left behind as the tide recedes and since these pools are in no way connected...Feasibility study of water conservation in driven ocean circulations......

R. A. Flather; N. S. Heaps

1975-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Neutrinos: Nature's Identity Thieves?  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The oscillation of neutrinos from one variety to another has long been suspected, but was confirmed only about 15 years ago. In order for these oscillations to occur, neutrinos must have a mass, no matter how slight. Since neutrinos have long been thought to be massless, in a very real way, this phenomena is a clear signal of physics beyond the known. In this video, Fermilab's Dr Don Lincoln explains how we know it occurs and hints at the rich experimental program at several international laboratories designed to understand this complex mystery.

Dr. Don Lincoln

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

134

Neutrinos: Nature's Identity Thieves?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oscillation of neutrinos from one variety to another has long been suspected, but was confirmed only about 15 years ago. In order for these oscillations to occur, neutrinos must have a mass, no matter how slight. Since neutrinos have long been thought to be massless, in a very real way, this phenomena is a clear signal of physics beyond the known. In this video, Fermilab's Dr Don Lincoln explains how we know it occurs and hints at the rich experimental program at several international laboratories designed to understand this complex mystery.

Lincoln, Don

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

135

Neutrinos: Nature's Identity Thieves?  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The oscillation of neutrinos from one variety to another has long been suspected, but was confirmed only about 15 years ago. In order for these oscillations to occur, neutrinos must have a mass, no matter how slight. Since neutrinos have long been thought to be massless, in a very real way, this phenomena is a clear signal of physics beyond the known. In this video, Fermilab's Dr Don Lincoln explains how we know it occurs and hints at the rich experimental program at several international laboratories designed to understand this complex mystery.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

136

Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JP G 37, 075021 (2010) and 2011 partial update for the 2012 edition (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Neutrino Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and there were large variations in the reactor power production in Japan in 2003. 3 EGUCHI 03 observe reactor neutrino disappearance at 180 km baseline to various Japanese nuclear power reactors. 4 BOEHM 01 search are not directly comparable because the effective baseline varies with power output of the reactor sources involved

137

Phenomenology of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenology of solar, atmospheric, supernova and laboratory neutrino oscillations is described. Analytical formulae for matter effects are reviewed. The results from oscillations are confronted with neutrinoless double beta decay.

G. Rajasekaran

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

138

neutrino.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fall 2000 Fall 2000 Tau Neutrino Evidence Announced at Fermilab This summer scientists at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the first direct evidence for the subatomic particle, the tau neutrino. The tau is an almost massless particle that carries no electric charge and barely interacts with surrounding matter. Previous experiments showed indirect evidence for its existence, but it had not been observed directly as yet. The tau is the third neutrino of the Standard Model of elementary particles, a theoretical description that groups all particles into three generations. The first electron neutrino was discovered in 1956, the muon in 1962. The Fermilab experiment responsible for the announcement is the Direct Observation of the Nu Tau (DONUT) experiment. DONUT is a collaboration of

139

Measuring Neutrino Interactions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measuring Neutrino Interactions with MiniBooNE R. Tayloe for the MiniBooNE collaboration Physics Department, Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405, USA Abstract. The MiniBooNE...

140

A reactor core on-line monitoring program - COMP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program named COMP is developed for on-line monitoring PWRs' in-core power distribution in this paper. Harmonics expansion method is used in COMP. The Unit 1 reactor of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant (Daya Bay NPP) in China is considered for verification. The numerical results show that the maximum relative error between measurement and reconstruction results from COMP is less than 5%, and the computing time is short, indicating that COMP is capable for online monitoring PWRs. (authors)

Wang, C. [State Nuclear Power Software Development Center, Beijing, 100029 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China); Building 1, Compound No.29, North Third Ring Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100029 (China); Wu, H.; Cao, L. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

42484 secretarys achievement award - 5 x 6 - Building 51  

Energy Savers [EERE]

behaviors of neutrinos. The project, located at a nuclear reactor complex in Daya Bay, China, overcame management challenges associated with working in a multicultural...

142

Neutrino Oscillations in 1. The Study of Neutrino Oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... Currently there are three oscillation signal regions: #15; LSND #23; e ! #23; #22; ,#23; e ! #23; #22; separately #15; Atmospheric Neutrinos #23; #22; + #23; #22; disappearance #15; Solar Neutrinos #23; e is combination of two e#11;ects Proposed Matrixes for Neutrino Mixing (#23; 1 ; #23; 2 ; #23; 3 ) = M(#23; e

143

Advanced Neutrino Sources (Neutrino Factories and Beta Beams)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Neutrino Sources (Neutrino Factories and Beta Beams) · Design · R&D Status · Remaining R Meeting February, 2008 page 1 #12;· The stored beam properties & decay kinematics are well known uncertainties on neutrino flux & spectra are small PRECISION · Initial beams are flavor "pure" (BB) or "tagged

144

Results from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Phase III  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The third and last phase of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) used a technique independent of previous methods, to measure the rate of neutral-current interactions in heavy water and determine precisely the total active {sup 8}B solar neutrino flux. The total flux obtained is 5.54{sub -0.31}{sup +0.33}(stat){sub -0.34}{sup +0.36}(syst) x 10{sup 6} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, in agreement with previous measurements and standard solar models. Results from a global analysis of solar and reactor neutrino give {Delta}m{sup 2} = 7.59{sub -0.21}{sup +0.19} x 10{sup -5} eV{sup 2} and {theta} = 34.4{sub -1.2}{sup +1.3} degrees with a reduced uncertainty on the mixing angle compared to previous phases.

SNO Collaboration; Prior, G.

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

145

Sonar imaging of bay bottom sediments and anthropogenic impacts in Galveston Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge of surface sediment distribution in Galveston Bay is important because it allows us to better understand how the bay works and how human activities impact the bay and its ecosystems. In this project, six areas of bay bottom were surveyed...

Maddox, Donald Shea

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

146

Results from Neutrino Oscillations Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interpretation of the results of early solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments in terms of neutrino oscillations has been verified by several recent experiments using both, natural and man-made sources. The observations provide compelling evidence in favor of the existence of neutrino masses and mixings. These proceedings give a general description of the results from neutrino oscillation experiments, the current status of the field, and some possible future developments.

Aguilar-Arevalo, Alexis [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico, D.F., 04510 (Mexico)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

147

Solar Neutrino Matter Effects Redux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following recent low-threshold analysis of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and asymmetry measurements of the BOREXINO Collaboration of the solar neutrino flux, we revisit the analysis of the matter effects in the Sun. We show that solar neutrino data constrains the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ poorly and that subdominant Standard Model effects can mimic the effects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

A. B. Balantekin; A. Malkus

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

148

Neutrino Oscillations Experiments at Fermilab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino oscillations provide an unique opportunity to probe physics beyond the Standard Model. Fermilab is constructing two new neutrino beams to provide a decicive test of two of the recent positive indications for neutrino oscillations: MiniBOONE experiment will settle the LSND controversy, MINOS will provide detailed studies of the region indicated by the SuperK results.

Adam Para

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electromagnetic neutrino: a short review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A short review on selected issues related to the problem of neutrino electromagnetic properties is given. After a flash look at the theoretical basis of neutrino electromagnetic form factors, constraints on neutrino magnetic moments and electric millicharge from terrestrial experiments and astrophysical observations are discussed. We also focus on some recent studies of the problem and on perspectives.

Alexander I. Studenikin

2014-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

150

Plasmon decay to a neutrino pair via neutrino electromagnetic moments in a strongly magnetized medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the neutrino luminosity of a degenerate electron gas in a strong magnetic field via plasmon decay to a neutrino pair due to neutrino electromagnetic moments and obtain the relative upper bounds on the effective neutrino magnetic moment.

A. V. Borisov; P. E. Sizin

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

151

ID3, SEQUENTIAL BAYES, NAIVE BAYES AND BAYESIAN NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ID3. ID3 learning algorithm (Quinlan 1979) and its successors ACLS (Paterson & Niblett 1982), C4#cient in many learning tasks. It is shown how Sequential Bayes can be transformed into ID3 by replacing of network's execution (Kononenko 1989) enables the us­ age of a neural network as an expert system shell

Kononenko, Igor

152

Neutrino Physics: A Selective Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinos in the Standard Model of particle physics are massless, neutral fermions that seemingly do little more than conserve 4-momentum, angular momentum, lepton number, and lepton flavour in weak interactions. In the last decade conclusive evidence has demonstrated that the Standard Model's description of neutrinos does not match reality. We now know that neutrinos undergo flavour oscillations, violating lepton flavour conservation and implying that neutrinos have non-zero mass. A rich oscillation phenomenology then becomes possible, including matter-enhanced oscillation and possibly CP violation in the neutrino sector. Extending the Standard Model to include neutrino masses requires the addition of new fields and mass terms, and possibly new methods of mass generation. In this review article I will discuss the evidence that has established the existence of neutrino oscillation, and then highlight unresolved issues in neutrino physics, such as the nature of three-generational mixing (including CP-violating effects), the origins of neutrino mass, the possible existence of light sterile neutrinos, and the difficult question of measuring the absolute mass scale of neutrinos.

Scott M. Oser

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

153

Frederick Reines and the Neutrino  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Frederick Reines and the Detection of the Neutrino Frederick Reines and the Detection of the Neutrino Resources with Additional Information '[Frederick] Reines - known among scientists as the "father of neutrino physics" - won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1995 ["for the detection of the neutrino"], nearly 40 years after his neutrino experiments changed the world of physics and set in motion a new way of looking at the universe. ... Frederick Reines Courtesy University of California Irvine Until Reines's discovery, physicists had only theorized the existence of the neutrino - and physicists believed the tiny particles would never be detected. Reines's research laid the groundwork for new avenues of physics inquiry and hundreds of physics experiments that have tested central theories about the structure of our cosmos. The neutrino is one of the tiny spinning particles that are the building blocks of nature. ...

154

CAROLINA BAYS AND THEIR ORIGIN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...peat, very fine, soft and sticky when wet and dries to a hard, brittle mass. It...finer particles formed by the constant milling of the sand by the spring are carried away...1935; MacCarthy, 1937) and written corn- respect to bays may not be found tenable...

155

PACIFIC OCEAN SOUTH BAY HARBOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PACIFIC OCEAN LONG BEACH SOUTH BAY HARBOR GATEWAY NORWALK PASADENA EAST LA DOWNTOWN LOS ANGELES W illow P Pacific CoastHw y Anaheim 5th St 1stSt P©$ P©$ Transit Mall P©$ Pacific Long Beach P Lakew

Weinreb, Sander

156

Nonstandard neutrino interactions and transition magnetic moments  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We constrain generic nonstandard neutrino interactions with existing experimental data on neutrino transition magnetic moments and derive strong bounds on tensorial couplings of neutrinos to charged fermions. We also discuss how some of these tensorial couplings can be constrained by other experiments, e.g., on neutrino-electron and neutrino-nucleus scattering.

Healey, Kristopher J.; Petrov, Alexey A.; Zhuridov, Dmitry

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Experimental Neutrino Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In this talk, I will review how a set of experiments in the last decade has given us our current understanding of neutrino properties. I will show how experiments in the last year or two have clarified this picture, and will discuss how new experiments about to start will address remaining questions. I will particularly emphasizethe relationship between various experimental techniques.

Chris Walter

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

Observational Neutrino Astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models and nu-clear energy generation in stars...from stars, high-energy neutrino experiments...an Olympic-sized swimming pool. The most impor-tant...VOL. 147 percent efficiency) by the simple pro-cedure...neu-trino of a given energy, incident on a Cl...

John N. Bahcall

1965-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

159

Raymond Davis Jr., Solar Neutrinos, and the Solar Neutrino Problems  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Raymond Davis, Jr., Solar Neutrinos, Raymond Davis, Jr., Solar Neutrinos, and the Solar Neutrino Problem Resources with Additional Information Raymond Davis, Jr. Photo Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Raymond Davis, Jr., who conducted research in the Chemistry Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) from 1948 through 1984, was awarded the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos." Dr. Davis is also a recipient of the 2003 Fermi Award. He was the first scientist to detect solar neutrinos, ghostlike particles produced in the nuclear reactions that power the sun. "Neutrinos are fascinating particles, so tiny and fast that they can pass straight through everything, even the earth itself, without even slowing down," said Davis. "When I began my work, I was intrigued by the idea of learning something new. The interesting thing about doing new experiments is that you never know what the answer is going to be!"

160

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Posters What's a Neutrino? How neutrinos fit into our understanding of the universe. Recipe for a Neutrino Beam Start with some protons... concocting the MiniBooNE beam. The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CA A Search for numu Disappearance with SciBooNE and MiniBooNE PowerPoint Z. Pavlovic Low Energy Neutrino Oscillations G. Zeller Neutrino-Nucleus Cross Sections G. Mills Neutrino...

162

On the Detection of the Free Neutrino  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The experiment previously proposed [to Detect the Free Neutrino] has been initiated, with a Hanford pile as a neutrino source. It appears probable that neutrino detection has been accomplished, and confirmatory work is in progress. (K.S.)

Reines, F.; Cowan, C. L., Jr.

1953-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

163

Uncertainties analysis of fission fraction for reactor antineutrino experiments using DRAGON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rising interest in nuclear reactors as a source of antineutrinos for experiments motivates validated, fast, and accessible simulation to predict reactor rates. First, DRAGON was developed to calculate the fission rates of the four most important isotopes in fissions,235U,238U,239Pu and141Pu, and it was validated for PWRs using the Takahama benchmark. The fission fraction calculation function was validated through comparing our calculation results with MIT's results. we calculate the fission fraction of the Daya Bay reactor core, and compare its with those calculated by the commercial reactor simulation program SCIENCE, which is used by the Daya Bay nuclear power plant, and the results was consist with each other. The uncertainty of the antineutrino flux by the fission fraction was studied, and the uncertainty of the antineutrino flux by the fission fraction simulation is 0.6% per core for Daya Bay antineutrino experiment.

X. B. Ma; L. Z. Wang; Y. X. Chen; W. L. Zhong; F. P. An

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

164

Toward CP-even Neutrino Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The best method of measuring CP violating effect in neutrino oscillation experiments is to construct and use a neutrino beam made of an ideal mixture of $\\bar{\

A. Fukumi; I. Nakano; H. Nanjo; N. Sasao; S. Sato; M. Yoshimura

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Low-energy solar anti-neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If neutrino conversions within the Sun result in partial polarization of initial solar neutrino fluxes, then a new opportunity arises to observe the anti-\

V. B. Semikoz; S. Pastor; J. W. F. Valle

1998-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

166

Berkeley Lab / Richmond Bay Campus  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Second Campus Second Campus Long Range Development Plan Environmental Docs Department of Energy NEPA Environmental Documents Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) Timeline Community Meetings Selection Process Contacts The Science The University of California, Berkeley and the University of California at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory propose to establish a new research campus - the Richmond Bay Campus - in Richmond, California. The purpose of the proposed campus is to build upon the University of California's record of accomplishment in providing long-term societal benefits through discovery and the advancement of knowledge. UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's goals for the Richmond Bay Campus are: Advance LBNL and UC Berkeley's tradition of world class science by

167

Muon colliders and neutrino factories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last decade there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture and accelerate {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This development prepares the way for a new type of neutrino source (Neutrino Factory) and a new type of very high energy lepton-antilepton collider (Muon Collider). This article reviews the motivation, design and R&D for Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Quantum Coherence of Relic Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We argue that in at least a portion of the history of the Universe the relic background neutrinos are spatially extended, coherent superpositions of mass states. We show that an appropriate quantum mechanical treatment affects the neutrino mass values derived from cosmological data. The coherence scale of these neutrino flavor wave packets can be an appreciable fraction of the causal horizon size, raising the possibility of spacetime curvature-induced decoherence.

George M. Fuller and Chad T. Kishimoto

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

Neutrino mass matrix with U(2) flavor symmetry and neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The three neutrino mass matrices in the SU(5)U(2) model are studied focusing on neutrino oscillation experiments. The atmospheric neutrino anomaly could be explained by a large ??-?? oscillation. The long baseline experiments are expected to detect signatures of the neutrino oscillation even if the atmospheric neutrino anomaly is not due to the neutrino oscillation. However, the model cannot solve the solar neutrino deficit while it could be reconciled with the LSND data.

Morimitsu Tanimoto

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Neutrino mass measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...swimming-pool-type nuclear reactors). This light is detected...side- branch in the nuclear reactions that power...which led to the next generation of experiments: Super-Kamiokande...are a large number of nuclear power reactors that sit in di erent...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Enhanced Sensitivities for the Searches of Neutrino Magnetic Moments through Atomic Ionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new detection channel on atomic ionization for possible neutrino electromagnetic interactions is identified and studied. Significant sensitivity enhancement is demonstrated when the energy transfer to the target is of the atomic-transition scale. The interaction cross section induced by neutrino magnetic moments ({mu}{sub {nu}}) is evaluated with the equivalent photon method. A new limit of {mu}{sub {nu}}({nu}e)<1.3x10{sup -11}{mu}{sub B} at 90% confidence level is derived by using current reactor neutrino data. Potential reaches for future experiments are explored. Experiments with sub-keV sensitivities can probe {mu}{sub {nu}} to 10{sup -13}{mu}{sub B}. Positive observations of {mu}{sub {nu}} in this range would imply that neutrinos are Majorana particles.

Wong, Henry T.; Li, Hau-Bin; Lin, Shin-Ted [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)

2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

172

Sediment resuspension in Saginaw Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An integrated hydrodynamic and sediment transport model was applied to Saginaw Bay for the ice-free portions of 2009 and 2010. Observations of surface waves and suspended sediment concentration made during the spring of both years were used to constrain the model and to validate the model output. The results show that sediment resuspension in both the inner and outer bay is due almost entirely to surface wave action, and that the bulk of the resuspension events occur during the fall of each year. Although the model accurately predicted the occurrence of resuspension events, it did not always accurately simulate the amount of material resuspended. Because resuspension mixes bottom sediment into the water column and makes it and associated nutrients available to the biota, the effects of sediment resuspension need to be accounted for in any water quality model of the bay. Better specification of both the surface waves and the initial specification of the bottom sediment would probably improve the performance of the model.

Nathan Hawley; Todd Redder; Raisa Beletsky; Edward Verhamme; Dmitry Beletsky; Joseph V. DePinto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Phenomenology of Absolute Neutrino Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenology of absolute neutrino masses is reviewed, focusing on tritium beta decay, cosmological measurements and neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Carlo Giunti

2004-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

Neutrino Oscillations from String Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the character of neutrino oscillations that results from a model of equivalence principle violation suggested recently by Damour and Polyakov as a plausible consequence of string theory. In this model neutrino oscillations will take place through interaction with a long range scalar field of gravitational origin even if the neutrinos are degenerate in mass. The energy dependence of the oscillation length is identical to that in the conventional mass mixing mechanism. This possibility further highlghts the independence of and need for more exacting direct neutrino mass measurements together with a next generation of neutrinoless double beta decay experiments.

A. Halprin; C. N. Leung

1997-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

Results from the Palo Verde neutrino oscillation experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The {nu}(bar sign){sub e} flux and spectrum have been measured at a distance of about 800 m from the reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station using a segmented Gd-loaded liquid scintillator detector. Correlated positron-neutron events from the reaction {nu}(bar sign){sub e}p{yields}e{sup +}n were recorded for a period of 200 d including 55 d with one of the three reactors off for refueling. Backgrounds were accounted for by making use of the reactor-on and reactor-off cycles, and also with a novel technique based on the difference between signal and background under reversal of the e{sup +} and n portions of the events. A detailed description of the detector calibration, background subtraction, and data analysis is presented here. Results from the experiment show no evidence for neutrino oscillations. {nu}(bar sign){sub e}{yields}{nu}(bar sign){sub x} oscillations were excluded at 90% C.L. for {delta}m{sup 2}>1.12x10{sup -3} eV{sup 2} for full mixing and sin{sup 2}2{theta}>0.21 for large {delta}m{sup 2}. These results support the conclusion that the observed atmospheric neutrino oscillations do not involve {nu}{sub e}. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Boehm, F. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Busenitz, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States); Cook, B. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Gratta, G. [Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Henrikson, H. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Kornis, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States); Lawrence, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Lee, K. B. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); McKinny, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 (United States); Miller, L. [Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] (and others) [Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Neutrino Factory Feasibility Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6-1 - 6-1 - April 15 th , 2000 6. Cooling 6.1 Introduction The goal of this six-month study is an integrated design for a neutrino source, subject to realistic engineering constraints. As will become evident, the coupling between the cooling-channel design and the design of the upstream components is critical to achieving the best performance. Nevertheless, to make sufficiently rapid progress it has been necessary to design the various components semi-independently, then optimize and iterate to converge towards an integrated design. While we have not yet arrived at a fully optimized design, we have studied sufficiently the cooling channels described below to determine that their performance is limited primarily by the performance of the current phase-rotation and buncher designs. While the designs presented here suffice for an entry-level neutrino factory (10

177

Acoustic detection of neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When high energy neutrinosinteract with nucleons in the ocean a jet of hadrons is produced which deposits thermal energy. This thermal energy is expected to produce a sonic pulse which hopefully will be sufficiently intense and directional to enable the energy and direction of incidence of the primary neutrino to be determined [Antares Parvulescu J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 61 580(A) (1977)]. This paper discusses the physical mechanism whereby the energy of the neutrino is converted into a sound pulse. A simple model will be exploited to account for the signature expected from such an event. [Work supported in part by the U. S. Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity and by the U. S. Department of Energy.

Peter J. Westervelt

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Quasivacuum solar neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss in detail solar neutrino oscillations with ?m2/E in the range [10-10,10-7]?eV2/MeV. In this range, which interpolates smoothly between the so-called just-so and Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein oscillation regimes, neutrino flavor transitions are increasingly affected by matter effects as ?m2/E increases. As a consequence, the usual vacuum approximation has to be improved through the matter-induced corrections, leading to a quasivacuum oscillation regime. We perform accurate numerical calculations of such corrections, using both the true solar density profile and its exponential approximation. Matter effects are shown to be somewhat overestimated in the latter case. We also discuss the role of Earth crossing and of energy smearing. Prescriptions are given to implement the leading corrections in the quasivacuum oscillation range. Finally, the results are applied to a global analysis of solar ? data in a three-flavor framework.

G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

179

MODELING THE FATE AND TRANSPORT OF ATRAZINE IN THE UPPER CHESAPEAKE BAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for agrochemicals in the Upper Chesapeake Bay. Keywords: Chesapeake Bay, hydrodynamic model, atrazine, photolysis

Frei, Allan

180

Theta 13 Determination with Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently there has been a lot of interest around the world in the use of nuclear reactors to measure theta 13, the last undetermined angle in the 3-neutrino mixing scenario. In this paper the motivations for theta 13 measurement using short baseline nuclear reactor experiments are discussed. The features of such an experiment are described in the context of Double Chooz, which is a new project planned to start data-taking in 2008, and to reach a sensitivity of sinsq(2 theta 13) < 0.03.

F. Dalnoki-Veress

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Neutrinos in the Electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We will show that one half of the rest mass of the electron is equal to the sum of the rest masses of electron neutrinos and that the other half of the rest mass of the electron is given by the energy in the sum of electric oscillations. With this composition we can explain the rest mass, the electric charge, the spin and the magnetic moment of the electron.

E. L. Koschmieder

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

182

Birth of Neutrino Astrophysics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Based mainly on the results of two experiments, KamiokaNDE and Super-KamiokaNDE, the birth of neutrino astrophysics will be described. At the end, the result of the third generation Kamioka experiment, KamLAND, will be discussed together with the future possibilities.Organiser(s): Daniel Treille / EP DivisionNote: * Tea & coffee will be served at 16:00 hrs. Please note unusual day.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

183

Observables in Neutrino Mass Spectroscopy Using Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process of collective de-excitation of atoms in a metastable level into emission mode of a single photon plus a neutrino pair, called radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP), is sensitive to the absolute neutrino mass scale, to the neutrino mass hierarchy and to the nature (Dirac or Majorana) of massive neutrinos. We investigate how the indicated neutrino mass and mixing observables can be determined from the measurement of the corresponding continuous photon spectrum taking the example of a transition between specific levels of the Yb atom. The possibility of determining the nature of massive neutrinos and, if neutrinos are Majorana fermions, of obtaining information about the Majorana phases in the neutrino mixing matrix, is analyzed in the cases of normal hierarchical, inverted hierarchical and quasi-degenerate types of neutrino mass spectrum. We find, in particular, that the sensitivity to the nature of massive neutrinos depends critically on the atomic level energy difference relevant in the RENP.

D. N. Dinh; S. T. Petcov; N. Sasao; M. Tanaka; M. Yoshimura

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

184

Clean Cities: Tampa Bay Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Tampa Bay Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Stephen...

185

Humboldt Bay Initiative: 2001 update and accomplishments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the Humboldt Bay Sea Level Rise Synthesis and Communityis essential to all sea level rise forecasting, estuarineDiego ? ? Visualizing sea-level rise and potential impacts

Schlosser, Susan; Price-Hall, Rebecca

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Exploring Hydrodynamic Modeling of Texas Bays With focus on Corpus Christi Bay & Lavaca Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaporation data or data from which evaporation may be estimated are required. In order to estimate evaporation, ELCOM requires solar radiation data, water/air temperature data, wind speed data, cloud cover, and other geographically significant factors..., and this inflow has been demonstrated to be significant from the TxBLEND modeling. The inflow will be estimated from the USGS gauged riverflow on the Nueces river, minus estimated evaporation losses. Environmental Forcing Group #3 Exchange between Oso Bay...

Furnans, Jordan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

NUCLEAR REACTORS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nuclear reactors are devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain (more)

Belachew, Dessalegn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON SOLAR NEUTRINO PROBLEM TIAN MA AND SHOUHONG WANG Abstract. The current neutrino oscillation an alternative resolution to the solar neutrino loss problem. Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Discrepancy of Solar, there are three flavors of neutrinos: the electron neutrino e, the tau neutrino and the mu neutrino µ. The solar

189

Vacuum neutrino oscillations of solar neutrinos and lepton mass matrices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the case that the solar neutrino deficit is due to vacuum oscillations. The lepton mass matrices with nearly bimaximal mixings are needed in order to explain both the solar and atmospheric neutrino deficit. A texture with the symmetry of flavor democracy or S3 has been investigated by taking account of the symmetry breaking terms of the charged lepton mass matrix. It is found that predicted mixings can be considerably changed from the neutrino mixings sin22???1 and sin22?atm?8/9 at the symmetric limit. The correlation between |Ue3| and |Ue1Ue2*| is also presented. The test of the model is discussed by focusing on the three flavor analyses in the solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and long baseline experiments.

Morimitsu Tanimoto

1998-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

190

Tampa Bay Area Ethanol Consortium | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tampa Bay Area Ethanol Consortium Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tampa Bay Area Ethanol Consortium Place: Tampa, Florida Sector: Biomass Product: Consortium researching ethanol...

191

San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Development Commission Jump to: navigation, search Logo: San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission Name: San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development...

192

Lepton textures and neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic analyses of the textures arising in lepton mass matrices have been carried out using unitary transformations and condition of naturalness for the Dirac and Majorana neutrino possibilities. It is observed that the recent three neutrino oscillation data together with the effective mass in neutrinoless double beta decay provide vital clues in predicting the general structures of these lepton mass matrices.

Verma, Rohit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientific motivations for ultra- and extremely high energy neutrino astronomy are considered. Sources and expected fluxes of EHE/UHE neutrinos are briefly discussed. Operating and planned experiments on astrophysical neutrino detection are reviewed focusing on deep underwater/ice Cherenkov neutrino telescopes.

I. Sokalski

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

IceCube: An Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy Francis Halzen 1 andAn Instrument for Neutrino Astronomy Francis Halzen 1 and94720 Abstract Neutrino astronomy beyond the Sun was first

Halzen, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Microsoft PowerPoint - MiniBooNE Neutrino 2008  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oscillation Searches Steve Brice (Fermilab) for the MiniBooNE Collaboration Neutrino 2008 Neutrino 2008 Steve Brice (FNAL) 2 Outline * Electron Neutrino Appearance - Oscillation...

196

Geo-neutrinos: recent developments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiogenic heating is a key component of the energy balance and thermal evolution of the Earth. It contributes to mantle convection, plate tectonics, volcanoes, and mountain building. Geo-neutrino observations estimate the present radiogenic power of our planet. This estimate depends on the quantity and distribution of heat-producing elements in various Earth reservoirs. Of particular geological importance is radiogenic heating in the mantle. This quantity informs the origin and thermal evolution of our planet. Here we present: currently reported geo-neutrino observations; estimates of the mantle geo-neutrino signal, mantle radiogenic heating, and mantle cooling; a comparison of chemical Earth model predictions of the mantle geo-neutrino signal and mantle radiogenic heating; a brief discussion of radiogenic heating in the core, including calculations of geo-neutrino signals per pW/kg; and finally a discussion of observational strategy.

Dye, Steve

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

ANTARES deep sea neutrino telescope results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ANTARES experiment is currently the largest underwater neutrino telescope in the Northern Hemisphere. It is taking high quality data since 2007. Its main scientific goal is to search for high energy neutrinos that are expected from the acceleration of cosmic rays from astrophysical sources. This contribution reviews the status of the detector and presents several analyses carried out on atmospheric muons and neutrinos. For example it shows the results from the measurement of atmospheric muon neutrino spectrum and of atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters as well as searches for neutrinos from steady cosmic point-like sources, for neutrinos from gamma ray bursts and for relativistic magnetic monopoles.

Mangano, Salvatore [IFIC - Instituto de Fsica Corpuscular, Edificio Institutos de Investigatin, 46071 Valencia (Spain); Collaboration: ANTARES Collaboration

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

198

Supernova observations for neutrino mixing parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutrino spectra from a future galactic core collapse supernova could reveal information on the neutrino mixing pattern, especially on {theta}{sub 13} and the mass hierarchy. I briefly outline our current understanding of neutrino flavor conversions inside a supernova, and point out possible signatures of various neutrino mixing scenarios that the neutrino detectors should look for. Supernova neutrinos provide a probe for {theta}{sub 13} and mass hierarchy that is complementary to, and sometimes even better than, the current and proposed terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments.

Dighe, Amol [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

199

Bay area regional water recycling program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bay Area Regional Water Recycling Project is a partnership of 19 water and wastewater agencies working to maximize San Francisco Bay Area water recycling. Benefits of the partnership are described, and the methodologies and analysis tools to implement the regional approach are identified.

Ritchie, S.; Bailey, M.; Raines, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Using the eBay API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In chapters 3, 4, 5, and 6...of this book, you learned how to access the eBay service using the high-level eBay SDK, which provides an abstraction that lets you treat the remotely hosted resources of...

Ray Rischpater

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Low Oxygen Environments in Chesapeake Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Oxygen Environments in Chesapeake Bay Jeremy Testa Chesapeake Biological Laboratory University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Why we care about low oxygen? What causes low oxygen? Where and When does Chesapeake Bay lose oxygen? #12;#12;Hypoxia and Chesapeake Animals Low dissolved oxygen

Boynton, Walter R.

202

neutrino_mixing_s805.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NEUTRINO NEUTRINO PHYSICS AS EXPLORED BY FLAVOR CHANGE Written May 2002 by B. Kayser (Fermilab). I. The physics of flavor change: The rather convincing evidence that atmospheric neutrinos change from one flavor to another has now been joined by new, very strong evidence that the solar neutrinos do this as well. Neutrino flavor change implies that neutrinos have nonzero masses. That is, there is a spectrum of three or more neutrino mass eigenstates, ν 1 , ν 2 , ν 3 , . . ., that are the analogues of the charged-lepton mass eigenstates, e, µ, and τ . Neutrino flavor change also implies leptonic mixing. That is, the weak interaction coupling the W boson to a charged lepton and a neutrino can couple any charged-lepton mass eigenstate α to any neutrino mass eigenstate ν i . Here, α = e, µ, or τ , and e is the electron, etc. Leptonic W + decay can yield a particular + α in association with any ν i . The amplitude

203

Probing Neutrino Dark Energy with Extremely High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a new non-Standard Model neutrino interaction mediated by a light scalar field was proposed, which renders the big-bang relic neutrinos of the cosmic neutrino background a natural dark energy candidate, the so-called Neutrino Dark Energy. As a further consequence of this interaction, the neutrino masses become functions of the neutrino energy densities and are thus promoted to dynamical, time/redshift dependent quantities. Such a possible neutrino mass variation introduces a redshift dependence into the resonance energies associated with the annihilation of extremely high-energy cosmic neutrinos on relic anti-neutrinos and vice versa into Z-bosons. In general, this annihilation process is expected to lead to sizeable absorption dips in the spectra to be observed on earth by neutrino observatories operating in the relevant energy region above 10^13 GeV. In our analysis, we contrast the characteristic absorption features produced by constant and varying neutrino masses, including all thermal background effects caused by the relic neutrino motion. We firstly consider neutrinos from astrophysical sources and secondly neutrinos originating from the decomposition of topological defects using the appropriate fragmentation functions. On the one hand, independent of the nature of neutrino masses, our results illustrate the discovery potential for the cosmic neutrino background by means of relic neutrino absorption spectroscopy. On the other hand, they allow to estimate the prospects for testing its possible interpretation as source of Neutrino Dark Energy within the next decade by the neutrino observatories ANITA and LOFAR.

Andreas Ringwald; Lily Schrempp

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

204

Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

205

Search for muon neutrinos from Gamma-Ray Bursts with the IceCube neutrino telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California. Search for muon neutrinos from Gamma-RaySearch for muon neutrinos from Gamma-Ray Bursts with theof searches for high-energy muon neutrinos from 41 gamma-

Abbasi, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Small scales structures and neutrino masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the impact of massive neutrinos on cosmological observables at the linear order. By means of N-body simulations we investigate the signatures left by neutrinos on the fully non-linear regime. We present the effects induced by massive neutrinos on the matter power spectrum, the halo mass function and on the halo-matter bias in massive neutrino cosmologies. We also investigate the clustering of cosmic neutrinos within galaxy clusters.

Villaescusa-Navarro, Francisco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

What we can learn from atmospheric neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics potential of future measurements of atmospheric neutrinos is explored. Observation of $\\Delta m^2_{21}$ driven sub-dominant effects and $\\theta_{13}$ driven large matter effects in atmospheric neutrinos can be used to study the deviation of $\\theta_{23}$ from maximality and its octant. Neutrino mass hierarchy can be determined extremely well due to the large matter effects. New physics can be constrained both in standard atmospheric neutrino experiments as well as in future neutrino telescopes.

Sandhya Choubey

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

208

Coherence condition for resonant neutrino oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the coherence condition for a neutrino to keep coherence between the effective mass eigenstates in the presence of matter and examine whether or not resonant neutrino oscillation (RNO) happens in the cases of solar and SN 1987A neutrinos. As a result, it becomes evident that RNO is possible in the solar-neutrino case but impossible in the SN 1987A neutrino case.

Hajime Anada and Haruhiko Nishimura

1990-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Current Direct Neutrino Mass Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this contribution we review the status and perspectives of direct neutrino mass experiments. These experiments investigate the kinematics of $\\beta$-decays of specific isotopes ($^3$H, $^{187}$Re, $^{163}$Ho) to derive model-independent information on the averaged electron (anti-) neutrino mass, which is formed by the incoherent sum of the neutrino mass eigenstates contributing to the electron neutrino. We first review the kinematics of $\\beta$-decay and the determination of the neutrino mass, before giving a brief overview of past neutrino mass measurements (SN1987a-ToF studies, Mainz and Troitsk experiments for $^3$H, cryo-bolometers for $^{187}$Re). We then describe the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment which is currently under construction at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. The large-scale setup will use the MAC-E-Filter principle pioneered earlier to push the sensitivity down to a value of 200 meV(90% C.L.). KATRIN faces many technological challenges that have to be resolved with regar...

Drexlin, G; Mertens, S; Weinheimer, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Phenomenology Of Sterile Neutrinos At Different Mass Scales: Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay And Neutrino Oscillations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The existence of neutrino oscillation is the first evidence of physics beyond the Standard Model. It proves that neutrinos are massive and motivates the study (more)

WONG, CHAN,FAI

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Independent Measurement of the Total Active B8 Solar Neutrino Flux Using an Array of He3 Proportional Counters at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) used an array of He3 proportional counters to measure the rate of neutral-current interactions in heavy water and precisely determined the total active (?x) B8 solar neutrino flux. This technique is independent of previous methods employed by SNO. The total flux is found to be 5.54-0.31+0.33(stat)-0.34+0.36(syst)106??cm-2?s-1, in agreement with previous measurements and standard solar models. A global analysis of solar and reactor neutrino results yields ?m2=7.59-0.21+0.1910-5??eV2 and ?=34.4-1.2+1.3 degrees. The uncertainty on the mixing angle has been reduced from SNOs previous results.

B. Aharmim et al. (SNO Collaboration)

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

212

Solar monopoles and terrestrial neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic monopoles captured in the core of the sun may give rise to a substantial flux of energetic neutrinos by catalyzing the decay of solar hydrogen. We discuss the expected neutrino flux in underground detectors under different assumptions about solar interior conditions. Although a monopole flux as low as F/sub M/ /approximately/ 10/sup /minus/24/ cm/sup /minus/2/ sec/sup /minus/1/ sr/sup /minus/1/ could give rise to a neutrino flux above atmospheric background, due to M/bar M/ annihilation, this does not translate into a reliable monopole flux bound stronger than the Parker limit. 8 refs., 1 fig.

Frieman, J.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Neutrino interactions in neutron matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino flow is the dominant mechanism of energy transfer in the latest stages of supernovae explosions and in compact stars. The Standard Model of particle physics and accelerator data, provide a satisfactory description of neutrino physics in vacuum up to TeV scale. Nevertheless modeling the dynamics of neutrino interaction in the nuclear environment involves severe difficulties. This thesis in mainly aimed at obtaining the weak response of infinite matter, using both the Correlated Basis Function theory and Landau Theory of Fermi liquid to take into account properly nucleon-nucleon hard core potential and long range correlation (quasi-particle, collective modes, ecc.)

Cipollone, Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Neutrino interactions in neutron matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino flow is the dominant mechanism of energy transfer in the latest stages of supernovae explosions and in compact stars. The Standard Model of particle physics and accelerator data, provide a satisfactory description of neutrino physics in vacuum up to TeV scale. Nevertheless modeling the dynamics of neutrino interaction in the nuclear environment involves severe difficulties. This thesis in mainly aimed at obtaining the weak response of infinite matter, using both the Correlated Basis Function theory and Landau Theory of Fermi liquid to take into account properly nucleon-nucleon hard core potential and long range correlation (quasi-particle, collective modes, ecc.)

Andrea Cipollone

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

naval reactors  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

After operating for 34 years and training over 14,000 sailors, the Department of Energy S1C Prototype Reactor Site in Windsor, Connecticut, was returned to "green field"...

216

Neutrino masses, leptogenesis, and sterile neutrino dark matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a scenario in which the lightest heavy neutrino $N_1$ is a dark matter candidate and the second- heaviest neutrino $N_2$ decays producing a lepton number. If $N_1$ were in thermal equilibrium, its energy density today would be much larger than that of the observed dark matter, so we consider energy injection by the decay of $N_2$. In this paper, we show the parameters of this scenario that give the correct abundances of dark matter and baryonic matter and also induce the observed neutrino masses. This model can explain a possible sterile neutrino dark matter signal of $M_1$=7 keV in the x-ray observation of x-ray multi-mirror mission.

Takanao Tsuyuki

2014-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Neutrino masses from R-parity violation with a Z3 symmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a supersymmetric model where the neutrino mass matrix arises from bilinear and trilinear R-parity violation, both restricted by a Z3 flavor symmetry. Assuming flavor-blind soft supersymmetry breaking conditions, corrected at low energies due to running effects, we obtain a neutrino mass matrix in agreement with oscillation data. In particular, a large ?13 angle can be easily accommodated. We also find a correlation between the reactor and atmospheric mixing angles. This leads in some scenarios to a clear deviation from ?23=?/4. The lightest supersymmetric particle decay, dominated by the trilinear couplings, provides a direct way to test the model at colliders.

E. Peinado and A. Vicente

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

218

Category:Green Bay, WI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WI WI Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Green Bay, WI" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 79 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 79 KB SVHospital Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVHospital Green Bay W... 79 KB SVLargeHotel Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVLargeHotel Green Bay... 78 KB SVLargeOffice Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVLargeOffice Green Ba... 90 KB SVMediumOffice Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png SVMediumOffice Green B... 78 KB SVMidriseApartment Green Bay WI Wisconsin Electric Power Co.png

219

Evidence for neutrino oscillations in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is a large-volume heavy water Cerenkov detector designed to resolve the solar neutrino problem. SNO observes charged-current interactions with electron neutrinos, neutral-current interactions with all active neutrinos, and elastic-scattering interactions primarily with electron neutrinos with some sensitivity to other flavors. This dissertation presents an analysis of the solar neutrino flux observed in SNO in the second phase of operation, while {approx}2 tonnes of salt (NaCl) were dissolved in the heavy water. The dataset here represents 391 live days of data. Only the events above a visible energy threshold of 5.5 MeV and inside a fiducial volume within 550 cm of the center of the detector are studied. The neutrino flux observed via the charged-current interaction is [1.71 {+-} 0.065(stat.){+-}{sub 0.068}{sup 0.065}(sys.){+-}0.02(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, via the elastic-scattering interaction is [2.21{+-}0.22(stat.){+-}{sub 0.12}{sup 0.11}(sys.){+-}0.01(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, and via the neutral-current interaction is [5.05{+-}0.23(stat.){+-}{sub 0.37}{sup 0.31}(sys.){+-}0.06(theor.)] x 10{sup 6}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The electron-only flux seen via the charged-current interaction is more than 7{sigma} below the total active flux seen via the neutral-current interaction, providing strong evidence that neutrinos are undergoing flavor transformation as they travel from the core of the Sun to the Earth. The most likely origin of the flavor transformation is matter-induced flavor oscillation.

Marino, Alysia Diane

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

220

Neutrino oscillation studies and the neutrino cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present uncertainties in the knowledge of the neutrino cross sections for E_nu \\sim 1 GeV, that is in the energy range most important for atmospheric and long baseline accelerator neutrinos, are large. These uncertainties do not play a significant role in the interpretation of existing data, however they could become a limiting factor in future studies that aim at a complete and accurate determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters. New data and theoretical understanding on nuclear effects and on the electromagnetic structure functions at low Q^2 and in the resonance production region are available, and can be valuable in reducing the present systematic uncertainties. The collaboration of physicists working in different subfields will be important to obtain the most from this available information. It is now also possible, with the facilities developed for long baseline beams, to produce high intensity and well controlled neutrino beams to measure the neutrino interaction properties with much better precision that what was done in the past. Several projects and ideas to fully exploit these possibilities are under active investigation. These topics have been the object of the first neutrino interaction (NUINT01) workshop.

Paolo Lipari

2002-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

neutrino-properties-web.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

THE THE NEUTRINO PROPERTIES LISTINGS Revised August 2013 by P. Vogel (Caltech) and A. Piepke (University of Alabama). The following Listings concern measurements of various properties of neutrinos. Nearly all of the measurements, all of which so far are limits, actually concern superpositions of the mass eigenstates ν i , which are in turn related to the weak eigenstates ν ℓ , via the neutrino mixing matrix |ν ℓ = i U ℓi |ν i . In the analogous case of quark mixing via the CKM matrix, the smallness of the off-diagonal terms (small mixing angles) permits a "dominant eigenstate" approximation. However, the results of neutrino oscillation searches show that the mixing matrix contains two large mixing angles and a third angle that is not exceedingly small. We cannot, therefore, associate any particular state |ν i with any particular lepton label e, µ or τ . Nevertheless,

222

High-Energy Neutrino Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kilometer-scale neutrino detectors such as IceCube are discovery instruments covering nuclear and particle physics, cosmology and astronomy. Examples of their multidisciplinary missions include the search for the particle nature of dark matter and for additional small dimensions of space. In the end, their conceptual design is very much anchored to the observational fact that Nature accelerates protons and photons to energies in excess of 10^{20} and 10^{13} eV, respectively. The cosmic ray connection sets the scale of cosmic neutrino fluxes. In this context, we discuss the first results of the completed AMANDA detector and the reach of its extension, IceCube. Similar experiments are under construction in the Mediterranean. Neutrino astronomy is also expanding in new directions with efforts to detect air showers, acoustic and radio signals initiated by neutrinos with energies similar to those of the highest energy cosmic rays.

F. Halzen

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

223

On the muon neutrino mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During the runs of the PS 179 experiment at LEAR of CERN, we photographed an event of antiproton-Ne absorption, with a complete pi+ -> mu+ ->e+ chain. From the vertex of the reaction a very slow energy pi+ was emitted. The pi+ decays into a mu+ and subsequently the mu+ decays into a positron. At the first decay vertex a muon neutrino was emitted and at the second decay vertex an electron neutrino and a muon antineutrino. Measuring the pion and muon tracks and applying the momentum and energy conservation and using a classical statistical interval estimator, we obtained an experimental upper limit for the muon neutrino mass: m_nu < 2.2 MeV at a 90% confidence level. A statistical analysis has been performed of the factors contributing to the square value of the neutrino mass limit.

N. Angelov; F. Balestra; Yu. Batusov; A. Bianconi; M. P. Bussa; L. Busso; L. Ferrero; R. Garfagnini; I. Gnesi; E. Lodi Rizzini; A. Maggiora; D. Panzieri; G. Piragino; G. Pontecorvo; F. Tosello; L. Venturelli

2006-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

224

zeller-neutrino08.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

K2K MiniBooNE,SciBooNE MINERvA Sam Zeller, Neutrino 08 6 New Measurements * near future: - MINERA (2009) * present: - K2K (1999 - 2004) - MiniBooNE (2002 - present) -...

225

Neutrino Cross-Section Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

N u F a c t 0 9 11th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories, Superbeams and Beta Beams July 20-25, 2009 - Illinois Institute of Technology - Chicago David Schmitz, Fermilab...

226

Neutrino Factories and Beta Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Neutrino Factory Based on Muon Beams, Proc. 2001 ParticleMD. [19] C. Rubbia et al. , Beam Cooling with Ionisationthe required unstable ion beams has recently been suggested

Zisman, Michael S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Research reactors - an overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A broad overview of different types of research and type reactors is provided in this paper. Reactor designs and operating conditions are briefly described for four reactors. The reactor types described include swimming pool reactors, the High Flux Isotope Reactor, the Mark I TRIGA reactor, and the Advanced Neutron Source reactor. Emphasis in the descriptions is placed on safety-related features of the reactors. 7 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

West, C.D.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Standard and non-standard primordial neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard cosmological model predicts the existence of a cosmic neutrino background with a present density of about 110 cm^{-3} per flavour, which affects big-bang nucleosynthesis, cosmic microwave background anisotropies, and the evolution of large scale structures. We report on a precision calculation of the cosmic neutrino background properties including the modification introduced by neutrino oscillations. The role of a possible neutrino-antineutrino asymmetry and the impact of non-standard neutrino-electron interactions on the relic neutrinos are also briefly discussed.

P. D. Serpico

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

Coherence effects in neutrino oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effect of coherent and incoherent broadening on neutrino oscillations both in vacuum and in the presence of matter (the MSW effect). We show under very general assumptions that it is not possible to distinguish experimentally neutrinos produced in some region of space as wave packets from those produced in the same region of space as plane waves with the same energy distribution. 1995 The American Physical Society.

Ken Kiers; Shmuel Nussinov; Nathan Weiss

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - antares neutrino telescope Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oscillation parameters. Keywords: neutrino oscillations, ANTARES, neutrino telescope 1 Introduction It is now... energy neutrino telescopes, whose energy threshold is...

231

Masatoshi Koshiba and Cosmic Neutrinos  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Masatoshi Koshiba and Cosmic Neutrinos Masatoshi Koshiba and Cosmic Neutrinos Resources with Additional Information Masatoshi Koshiba Courtesy of Sebastian Brandt 'The 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to ... Masatoshi Koshiba of the International Center for Elementary Particle Physics at the University of Tokyo in Japan, ... "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos." ... Neutrinos are important in astrophysics since they might have played a considerable role in shaping early galaxies; they are the form of energy coming directly from the solar core; and they account for the largest share of energy released during supernova explosions....'1 ...Koshiba, professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, received his doctorate from the University of Rochester in [1955]. This year [2000], he is the co-recipient of the Wolf Prize in Physics, considered second only to the Nobel Prize in prestige, for his discovery that neutrinos have mass. Neutrinos are tiny particles smaller than atoms, and Koshiba's discovery is being hailed for its ramifications in the study of astronomical objects and the fundamental properties of matter, helping scientists to understand the birth of the universe. Koshiba started his career as a research associate at the University of Rochester, then went on to teach at the University of Tokyo." 2

232

High Energy Neutrino Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a review of the history, motivation and current status of high energy neutrino telescopes. Many years after these detectors were first conceived, the operation of kilometer-cubed scale detectors is finally on the horizon at both the South Pole and in the Mediterranean Sea. These new detectors will perhaps provide us the first view of high energy astrophysical objects with a new messenger particle and provide us with our first real glimpse of the distant universe at energies above those accessible by gamma-ray instruments. Some of the topics that can be addressed by these new instruments include the origin of cosmic rays, the nature of dark matter, and the mechanisms at work in high energy astrophysical objects such as gamma-ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebula and supernova remnants.

Hoffman, K D

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

High Energy Neutrino Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a review of the history, motivation and current status of high energy neutrino telescopes. Many years after these detectors were first conceived, the operation of kilometer-cubed scale detectors is finally on the horizon at both the South Pole and in the Mediterranean Sea. These new detectors will perhaps provide us the first view of high energy astrophysical objects with a new messenger particle and provide us with our first real glimpse of the distant universe at energies above those accessible by gamma-ray instruments. Some of the topics that can be addressed by these new instruments include the origin of cosmic rays, the nature of dark matter, and the mechanisms at work in high energy astrophysical objects such as gamma-ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, pulsar wind nebula and supernova remnants.

K. D. Hoffman

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

234

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

235

Felton Bay Logistics, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Felton Bay Logistics, LLC Felton Bay Logistics, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Felton Bay Logistics, LLC Name Felton Bay Logistics, LLC Place San Diego Zip 92115 Sector Services Product Strategies for Sustainability Year founded 2010 Number of employees 1-10 Website http://www.feltonbay.com Coordinates 32.7612759°, -117.0735241° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.7612759,"lon":-117.0735241,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Bristol Bay Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bristol Bay Geothermal Area Bristol Bay Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Bristol Bay Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (1) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska Exploration Region: Alaska Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: none"None" is not in the list of possible values (Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification, Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation, Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development, Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction) for this property.

237

Tuscola Bay Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tuscola Bay Wind Tuscola Bay Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Tuscola Bay Wind Facility Tuscola Bay Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner NextEra Energy Resources Developer NextEra Energy Resources Energy Purchaser Detroit Edison Location Fairgrove MI Coordinates 43.52596°, -83.653106° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.52596,"lon":-83.653106,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

Chesapeake Bay Test Site | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chesapeake Bay Test Site Chesapeake Bay Test Site Jump to: navigation, search Name Chesapeake Bay Test Site Facility Chesapeake Bay Test Site Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Gamesa and Newport News Energy Developer Gamesa and Newport News Energy Location Atlantic Ocean VA Coordinates 37.243°, -76.062° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.243,"lon":-76.062,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

239

Muon Simulation at the Daya Bay SIte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muon simulation at the Daya Bay site Guan Mengyun ? Caowe simulated the underground muon background at the Daya Baysite. To get the sea-level muon ?ux parameteri- zation, a

Mengyun, Guan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

If sterile neutrinos exist, how can one determine the total solar neutrino fluxes? John N. Bahcall, 1, * M. C. GonzalezGarcia, 2,3,4,+ and C. Pen aGaray 3,#  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directly by the comparison of the Sudbury Neutrino Obs#) by combining charged current measurements made with the KamLAND reactor experiment and with the SNO CC solar) for comparison with solar model predic­ tions? How can one determine the sterile contribution to the total solar

Bahcall, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Mercury bioaccumulation in Lavaca Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MERCURY BIOACCUMULATION IN LAVACA BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by SALLY JO PALMER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major... Subject: Oceanography MERCURY BIOACCUMULATION IN LAVACA BAY, TEXAS A Thesis by SALLY JO PALMER Approved as to style and content by: obby J. Pr y (Chair of Committee) Robe J. Tayl (Member) owell (Member) Marvin W. Rowe (Member) Gi bert T. Rowe...

Palmer, Sally Jo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Sedimentary parameters of upper Barataria Bay, Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

upon oonditions of sedimentation is exerted by currents set in motion 'by oceanic tides. Tidal activity causes sediment to be introduced into the upper bay and controls its distribution. A modifying influence i. s exerted by the influx of fresh... Classification and Distribution of Sediment Types Anomalous Areas CONDITIONS OF SEDIMENTATION Bathymetry Signifioance of Parameter Distribution Patterns Marginal areas Central bay Marginal embayments . ~ Environments of Deposition . CONCLUSIONS...

Siegert, Rudolf B

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

The construction of the Browns Bay Vessel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES. 10 19 The Site. National Historic Sites Service Excavation and Raising of the Vessel Vessel on Display. The Vessel in 1985. 19 20 27 28 Method of Recording III THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE VESSEL 31 36 The Keel 36 The Stem... A flat-bottomed boat being built. 17 9 Forelocked eye-bolts from the midship beam of the Browne Bay Vessel 21 10 Broad arrow stamped in an eye-bolt from the Browns Bay Vessel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 11 Pulley...

Amer, Christopher Francis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Catalytic reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A catalytic reactor is provided with one or more reaction zones each formed of set(s) of reaction tubes containing a catalyst to promote chemical reaction within a feed stream. The reaction tubes are of helical configuration and are arranged in a substantially coaxial relationship to form a coil-like structure. Heat exchangers and steam generators can be formed by similar tube arrangements. In such manner, the reaction zone(s) and hence, the reactor is compact and the pressure drop through components is minimized. The resultant compact form has improved heat transfer characteristics and is far easier to thermally insulate than prior art compact reactor designs. Various chemical reactions are contemplated within such coil-like structures such that as steam methane reforming followed by water-gas shift. The coil-like structures can be housed within annular chambers of a cylindrical housing that also provide flow paths for various heat exchange fluids to heat and cool components.

Aaron, Timothy Mark (East Amherst, NY); Shah, Minish Mahendra (East Amherst, NY); Jibb, Richard John (Amherst, NY)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

Antineutrino reactor safeguards - a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antineutrinos have been proposed as a means of reactor safeguards for more than 30 years and there has been impressive experimental progress in neutrino detection. In this paper we conduct, for the first time, a case study of the application of antineutrino safeguards to a real-world scenario - the North Korean nuclear crisis in 1994. We derive detection limits to a partial or full core discharge in 1989 based on actual IAEA safeguards access and find that two independent methods would have yielded positive evidence for a second core with very high confidence. To generalize our results, we provide detailed estimates for the sensitivity to the plutonium content of various types of reactors, including most types of plutonium production reactors, based on detailed reactor simulations. A key finding of this study is that a wide class of reactors with a thermal power of less than 0.1-1 GWth can be safeguarded achieving IAEA goals for quantitative sensitivity and timeliness with detectors right outside the reactor ...

Christensen, Eric; Jaffke, Patrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Search of Neutrino Magnetic Moments with a High-Purity Germanium Detector at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search of neutrino magnetic moments was carried out at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station at a distance of 28 m from the 2.9 GW reactor core. With a high purity germanium detector of mass 1.06 kg surrounded by scintillating NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) crystals as anti-Compton detectors, a detection threshold of 5 keV and a background level of 1 $\\cpd$ near threshold were achieved. Details of the reactor neutrino source, experimental hardware, background understanding and analysis methods are presented. Based on 570.7 and 127.8 days of Reactor ON and OFF data, respectively, at an average Reactor ON electron anti-neutrino flux of $\\rm{6.4 \\times 10^{12} cm^{-2} s^{-1}}$, the limit on the neutrino magnetic moments of $\\rm{\\munuebar < 7.4 \\times 10^{-11} \\mub}$ at 90% confidence level was derived. Indirect bounds on the $\

H. T. Wong; TEXONO Collaboration

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Neutrino mass hierarchy determination with IceCube-PINGU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the neutrino mass hierarchy determination with atmospheric neutrinos in Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade, based on a simulation with the GLoBES software including the full three flavor framework and parameter degeneracy, and we compare it to long-baseline experiment options. We demonstrate that the atmospheric mass hierarchy sensitivity depends on the achievable experiment properties, and we identify the main targets for optimization, whereas the impact of a large number of tested systematical errors turns out to be small. Depending on the values of ?23, ?, and the true hierarchy, a 90%C.L. to 3? discovery after three years of operation seems conceivable. We also emphasize the synergy with existing beam and reactor experiments, driven by NO?A, such as the complementary coverage of the parameter space. Finally, we point out that a low intensity neutrino beam with a relatively short decay pipe could be used to determine the mass hierarchy with a sensitivity comparable to the LBNE experiment irrespective of the directional resolution of the detector.

Walter Winter

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

248

Los Alamos Science, Number 25 -- 1997: Celebrating the Neutrino  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

This issue is devoted to the neutrino and its remaining mysteries. It is divided into the following areas: (1) The Reines-Cowan experiment -- detecting the poltergeist; (2) The oscillating neutrino -- an introduction to neutrino masses and mixing; (3) A brief history of neutrino experiments at LAMPF; (4) A thousand eyes -- the story of LSND (Los Alamos neutrino oscillation experiment); (5) The evidence for oscillations; (6) The nature of neutrinos in muon decay and physics beyond the Standard Model; (7) Exorcising ghosts -- in pursuit of the missing solar neutrinos; (8) MSW -- a possible solution to the solar neutrino problem; (8) Neutrinos and supernovae; and (9) Dark matter and massive neutrinos.

Cooper, N. G. [ed.

1997-00-00T23:59:59.000Z

249

Review Paper. Neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments and experiments on the search for neutrinoless double beta-decay are briefly discussed. Neutrino Masses|Neutrino Oscillations|Neutrinoless Double beta-Decay| 10.1098/rspa.2003.1263 REVIEW PAPER...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Solar Neutrinos: Models, Observations, and New Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss the development and resolution of the solar neutrino problem, as well as opportunities now open to us to extend our knowledge of main-sequence stellar evolution and neutrino astrophysics.

W. C. Haxton

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

251

Annual modulation of cosmic relic neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmic neutrino background (C?B), produced about one second after the big bang, permeates the Universe today. New technological advancements make neutrino capture on beta-decaying nuclei (NCB) a clear path forward ...

Safdi, Benjamin R.

252

Neutrino mixing, flavor states and dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We shortly summarize the quantum field theory formalism for the neutrino mixing and report on recent results showing that the vacuum condensate induced by neutrino mixing can be interpreted as a dark energy component of the Universe.

M. Blasone; A. Capolupo; S. Capozziello; G. Vitiello

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

253

Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.

Dmitry Zhuridov

2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

254

From Neutrino Factory to Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories require a muon source capable of producing and capturing {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This paper reviews the similarities and differences between Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider accelerator complexes, the ongoing R&D needed for a Muon Collider that goes beyond Neutrino Factory R&D, and some thoughts about how a Neutrino Factory on the CERN site might eventually be upgraded to a Muon Collider.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dark energy induced by neutrino mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy content of the vacuum condensate induced by the neutrino mixing is interpreted as dynamically evolving dark energy.

Antonio Capolupo; Salvatore Capozziello; Giuseppe Vitiello

2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

257

Uncertainties in the Anti-neutrino Production at Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Output and Performance of Nuclear Power Plants by Im- provedPower, Tomari Nuclear Power Plant (Units 1, 2) License

Djurcic, Zelimir

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Models of Neutrino Masses and Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino physics has entered an era of precision measurements. With these precise measurements, we may be able to distinguish different models that have been constructed to explain the small neutrino masses and the large mixing among them. In this talk, I review some of the existing theoretical models and their predictions for neutrino oscillations.

Mu-Chun Chen

2007-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

259

Status of three-neutrino oscillation parameters, circa 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard three-neutrino (3nu) oscillation framework is being increasingly refined by results coming from different sets of experiments, using neutrinos from solar, atmospheric, accelerator and reactor sources. At present, each of the known oscillation parameters [the two squared mass gaps (delta m^2, Delta m^2) and the three mixing angles (theta_12}, theta_13, theta_23)] is dominantly determined by a single class of experiments. Conversely, the unknown parameters [the mass hierarchy, the theta_23 octant and the CP-violating phase delta] can be currently constrained only through a combined analysis of various (eventually all) classes of experiments. In the light of recent new results coming from reactor and accelerator experiments, and of their interplay with solar and atmospheric data, we update the estimated N-sigma ranges of the known 3nu parameters, and revisit the status of the unknown ones. Concerning the hierarchy, no significant difference emerges between normal and inverted mass ordering. A slight overall preference is found for theta_23 in the first octant and for nonzero CP violation with sin delta < 0; however, for both parameters, such preference exceeds 1 sigma only for normal hierarchy. We also discuss the correlations and stability of the oscillation parameters within different combinations of data sets.

F. Capozzi; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; D. Montanino; A. Palazzo

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

260

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observed fluxes of cosmic rays and gamma rays are used to infer the maximum allowed high-energy neutrino flux allowed for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs), following Mannheim, Protheroe, and Rachen (2000). It is shown that if GRBs produce the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, they should contribute (a) at least 10% of the extragalactic gamma ray background between 3 MeV and 30 GeV, contrary to their observed energy flux which is only a minute fraction of this flux, and (b) a cumulative neutrino flux a factor of 20 below the AMANDA (Neutrino 2000) limit on isotropic neutrinos. This could have two implications, either GRBs do not produce the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays or that the GRBs are strongly beamed and emit most of their power at energies well above 100 GeV implausibly increasing the energy requirements, but consistent with the marginal detections of a few low-redshift GRBs by MILAGRITO, HEGRA-AIROBICC, and the Tibet-Array. All crucial measurements to test the models will be available in the next few years. These are measurements of (i) high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA-ICECUBE or an enlarged ANTARES/NESTOR ocean detector, (ii) GRB redshifts from HETE-2 follow-up studies, and (iii) GRB spectra above 10 GeV with low-threshold imaging air Cherenkov telescopes such as MAGIC and the space telescopes AGILE and GLAST.

Karl Mannheim

2000-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Muon neutrino disappearance at MINOS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strong case has been made by several experiments that neutrinos oscillate, although important questions remain as to the mechanisms and precise values of the parameters. In the standard picture, two parameters describe the nature of how the neutrinos oscillate: the mass-squared difference between states and the mixing angle. The purpose of this thesis is to use data from the MINOS experiment to precisely measure the parameters associated with oscillations first observed in studies of atmospheric neutrinos. MINOS utilizes two similar detectors to observe the oscillatory nature of neutrinos. The Near Detector, located 1 km from the source, observes the unoscillated energy spectrum while the Far Detector, located 735 km away, is positioned to see the oscillation signal. Using the data in the Near Detector, a prediction of the expected neutrino spectrum at the Far Detector assuming no oscillations is made. By comparing this prediction with the MINOS data, the atmospheric mixing parameters are measured to be {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} = 2.45{sub +0.12}{sup -0.12} x 10{sub -3} eV{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 32}) = 1.00{sub -0.04}{sup +0.00} (> 0.90 at 90% confidence level).

Armstrong, R.; /Indiana U.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Risk Management for Sodium Fast Reactors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accident management is an important component to maintaining risk at acceptable levels for all complex systems, such as nuclear power plants. With the introduction of self - correcting, or inherently safe, reactor designs the focus has shifted from management by operators to allowing the syste m's design to manage the accident. While inherently and passively safe designs are laudable, extreme boundary conditions can interfere with the design attributes which facilitate inherent safety , thus resulting in unanticipated and undesirable end states. This report examines an inherently safe and small sodium fast reactor experiencing a beyond design basis seismic event with the intend of exploring two issues : (1) can human intervention either improve or worsen the potential end states and (2) can a Bayes ian Network be constructed to infer the state of the reactor to inform (1). ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author s would like to acknowledge the U.S. Department of E nergy's Office of Nuclear Energy for funding this research through Work Package SR - 14SN100303 under the Advanced Reactor Concepts program. The authors also acknowledge the PRA teams at A rgonne N ational L aborator y , O ak R idge N ational L aborator y , and I daho N ational L aborator y for their continue d contributions to the advanced reactor PRA mission area.

Denman, Matthew R; Groth, Katrina; Cardoni, Jeffrey N; Wheeler, Timothy A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Stimulated Neutrino Transformation Through Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive an analytical solution for the flavor evolution of a neutrino through a turbulent density profile which is found to accurately predict the amplitude and transition wavelength of numerical solutions on a case-by-case basis. The evolution is seen to strongly depend upon those Fourier modes in the turbulence which are approximately the same as the splitting between neutrino eigenvalues. Transitions are strongly enhanced by those Fourier modes in the turbulence which are approximately the same as the splitting between neutrino eigenvalues. We also find a suppression of transitions due to the long wavelength modes when the ratio of their amplitude and the wavenumber is of order, or greater than, the first root of the Bessel function $J_0$.

Kelly M. Patton; James P. Kneller; Gail C. McLaughlin

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Neutrino Physics at DPF 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The field of neutrino physics was covered at DPF 2013 in 32 talks, including three on theoretical advances and the remainder on experiments that spanned at least 17 different detectors. This summary of those talks cannot do justice to the wealth of information presented, but will provide links to other material where possible. There were allso two plenary session contributions on neutrino physics at this meeting: the current status of what we know about neutrino (oscillation) physics was outlined by Huber, and the next steps in long baseline oscillation expeirments were described by Fleming. This article covers a subset of the topics discussed at the meeting, with emphasis given to those talks that showed data or new results.

Deborah A. Harris

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

265

Hooper Bay Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hooper Bay Wind Farm Hooper Bay Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hooper Bay Wind Farm Facility Hooper Bay Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Alaska Village Electric Coop (AVEC) Developer Alaska Village Electric Coop (AVEC) Energy Purchaser Alaska Village Electric Coop (AVEC) Location Hooper Bay AK Coordinates 61.53572°, -166.097182° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":61.53572,"lon":-166.097182,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

Cleveland Bay Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cleveland Bay Wind Farm Cleveland Bay Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleveland Bay Wind Farm Facility Cleveland Bay Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation / Great Lakes Ohio Wind / Great Lakes Energy Wind LLC / Freshwater Wind LLC / Cavallo Great Lakes Ohio Wind LLC Location Cleveland Bay OH Coordinates 41.608°, -81.809° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.608,"lon":-81.809,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

Improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $?_{13}$ with the Double Chooz detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Double Chooz experiment presents improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ using the data collected in 467.90 live days from a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050 m from two reactor cores at the Chooz nuclear power plant. Several novel techniques have been developed to achieve significant reductions of the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties with respect to previous publications, whereas the efficiency of the $\\bar\

Y. Abe; J. C. dos Anjos; J. C. Barriere; E. Baussan; I. Bekman; M. Bergevin; T. J. C. Bezerra; L. Bezrukov; E. Blucher; C. Buck; J. Busenitz; A. Cabrera; E. Caden; L. Camilleri; R. Carr; M. Cerrada; P. -J. Chang; E. Chauveau; P. Chimenti; A. P. Collin; E. Conover; J. M. Conrad; J. I. Crespo-Anadn; K. Crum; A. S. Cucoanes; E. Damon; J. V. Dawson; J. Dhooghe; D. Dietrich; Z. Djurcic; M. Dracos; M. Elnimr; A. Etenko; M. Fallot; F. von Feilitzsch; J. Felde; S. M. Fernandes; V. Fischer; D. Franco; M. Franke; H. Furuta; I. Gil-Botella; L. Giot; M. Gger-Neff; L. F. G. Gonzalez; L. Goodenough; M. C. Goodman; C. Grant; N. Haag; T. Hara; J. Haser; M. Hofmann; G. A. Horton-Smith; A. Hourlier; M. Ishitsuka; J. Jochum; C. Jollet; F. Kaether; L. N. Kalousis; Y. Kamyshkov; D. M. Kaplan; T. Kawasaki; E. Kemp; H. de Kerret; D. Kryn; M. Kuze; T. Lachenmaier; C. E. Lane; T. Lasserre; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; H. P. Lima Jr; M. Lindner; J. M. Lpez-Castao; J. M. LoSecco; B. Lubsandorzhiev; S. Lucht; J. Maeda; C. Mariani; J. Maricic; J. Martino; T. Matsubara; G. Mention; A. Meregaglia; T. Miletic; R. Milincic; A. Minotti; Y. Nagasaka; Y. Nikitenko; P. Novella; L. Oberauer; M. Obolensky; A. Onillon; A. Osborn; C. Palomares; I. M. Pepe; S. Perasso; P. Pfahler; A. Porta; G. Pronost; J. Reichenbacher; B. Reinhold; M. Rhling; R. Roncin; S. Roth; B. Rybolt; Y. Sakamoto; R. Santorelli; A. C. Schilithz; S. Schnert; S. Schoppmann; M. H. Shaevitz; R. Sharankova; S. Shimojima; D. Shrestha; V. Sibille; V. Sinev; M. Skorokhvatov; E. Smith; J. Spitz; A. Stahl; I. Stancu; L. F. F. Stokes; M. Strait; A. Stken; F. Suekane; S. Sukhotin; T. Sumiyoshi; Y. Sun; R. Svoboda; K. Terao; A. Tonazzo; H. H. Trinh Thi; G. Valdiviesso; N. Vassilopoulos; C. Veyssiere; M. Vivier; S. Wagner; N. Walsh; H. Watanabe; C. Wiebusch; L. Winslow; M. Wurm; G. Yang; F. Yermia; V. Zimmer

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

New and Underutilized Technology: Efficient High Bay Fluorescent Lighting |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficient High Bay Fluorescent Efficient High Bay Fluorescent Lighting New and Underutilized Technology: Efficient High Bay Fluorescent Lighting October 7, 2013 - 8:54am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for efficient high bay fluorescent lighting within the Federal sector. Benefits Efficient high bay fluorescent lighting can include either T5 or T8 fluorescent lighting systems for high-bay applications currently using metal halide fixtures. Fluorescent fixtures offer better light distribution, better light maintenance over the life of the lamp, improved color quality, and on-off control (re-strike time) with lower energy consumption. Application Efficient high bay fluorescent lighting is applicable for facilities containing high bay areas. Key Factors for Deployment

269

TOURISM IN GOLDEN BAY Economic Impacts & Resource Use Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TOURISM IN GOLDEN BAY Economic Impacts & Resource Use Issues - Preliminary Report - June 2000 NZ Tourism Research Institute Victoria University of Wellington Auckland University of Technology #12;INTRODUCTION Golden Bay's tourism industry faces a number of pressing issues. Intensifying competition

270

Neutrino interactions in oscillation experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the neutrino induced cross sections relevant for oscillation experiments, including the ?-lepton threshold for quasielastic, resonance and deep-inelastic scattering. In addition to threshold effects, we include nuclear corrections for heavy targets which are moderate for quasielastic and large for single pion production. The nuclear effects for deep-inelastic reactions are small. We present cross sections together with their nuclear corrections for various channels which are useful for interpreting the experimental results and for determining parameters of the neutrino sector. Finally, we calculate the ?-lepton event rates for the OPERA LBL experiment.

E. A. Paschos and J. Y. Yu

2002-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

271

Solar neutrinos and the sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present updated standard solar models (SSMs) that incorporate the latest results for nuclear fusion rates, recently published. We show helioseismic results for high and low metallicity compositions and also for an alternative set of solar abundance, derived from 3D model atmospheres, which give intermediate results. For the high and low metallicity models, we show that current solar neutrino data can not differentiate between models and that a measurement of the CNO fluxes is necessary to achieve that goal. A few additional implications of a hypothetical measurement of CNO neutrinos, both in terms of solar and stellar physics, are discussed.

Aldo Serenelli

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

272

End of the cosmic neutrino energy spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There may be a high-energy cutoff of neutrino events in IceCube data. In particular, IceCube does not observe the Standard Model Glashow-resonance events expected at 6.3 PeV. There are also no higher-energy neutrino signatures in the ANITA and Auger experiments. This absence of high-energy neutrino events motivates models with a fundamental restriction on neutrino energies above a few PeV. The simplest scenario to terminate the neutrino spectrum is Lorentz-invariance violating with a limiting neutrino velocity that is smaller than the speed of light. A consequence is that charged pions are stable above four times the maximum neutrino energy and may serve as a cosmic ray primary.

Anchordoqui, L A; Goldberg, H; Learned, J G; Marfatia, D; Pakvasa, S; Paul, T C; Weiler, T J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Light Water Reactors Technology Development - Nuclear Reactors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Light Water Reactors Light Water Reactors About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

274

Neutrino facility and neutrino physics in J-PARC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pulse. The repetition rate of the operation cycle...decay above 5 GeV/c pass through the beam dump...along with measuring rates for exclusive neutrino...by INGRID. The event rate in INGRID (1.5 events...beam direction. 3.2. Physics results Physics results......

Tetsuro Sekiguchi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Neutrino tomography: Tevatron mapping versus the neutrino sky  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... adequate reconstruction for noninvasive imaging in medicine. Geophysical densities follow from the mapping of the Radon or Fourier transform of certain neutrino projections, and not from the Volkova-Zatsepin scheme, ... problem was first addressed by Radon24 who derived what has now become known as the Radon transform. Tomography10'19'20'25 can be defined as reconstructive imaging by means of ...

Thomas L. Wilson

1984-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

276

Glacier Bay Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Glacier Bay Inc Glacier Bay Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Glacier Bay Inc Place Oakland, California Zip 94601 Product US-based, advanced thermal control, sound reduction, and DC power management technologies developer. Coordinates 37.805065°, -122.273024° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.805065,"lon":-122.273024,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Radio-toxicity of spent fuel of the advanced heavy water reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......during their short/long term-storage is investigated in...radio-toxicity of radioactive waste is widely regarded...exchangers of the spent fuel storage bay. The decay power...VVER type reactors at long-term storage. Radiat. Prot. Dosim......

S. Anand; K. D. S. Singh; V. K. Sharma

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

THE NEUTRINO ENERGY & DIRECTION RESOLUTIONS IN THE INO-ICAL DETECTOR Moon Moon Devi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) [1] is a proposed underground facility for hosting de- cisive neutrino

Shyamasundar, R.K.

279

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric muon neutrino Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

neutrino Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atmospheric muon neutrino...

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric muon neutrinos Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

neutrinos Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atmospheric muon neutrinos...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Lost lake - restoration of a Carolina bay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carolina bays are shallow wetland depressions found only on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Although these isolated interstream wetlands support many types of communities, they share the common features of having a sandy margin, a fluctuating water level, an elliptical shape, and a northwest to southeast orientation. Lost Lake, an 11.3 hectare Carolina bay, was ditched and drained for agricultural production before establishment of the Savannah River Site in 1950. Later it received overflow from a seepage basin containing a variety of chemicals, primarily solvents and some heavy metals. In 1990 a plan was developed for the restoration of Lost Lake, and restoration activities were complete by mid-1991. Lost Lake is the first known project designed for the restoration and recovery of a Carolina bay. The bay was divided into eight soil treatment zones, allowing four treatments in duplicate. Each of the eight zones was planted with eight species of native wetland plants. Recolonization of the bay by amphibians and reptiles is being evaluated by using drift fences with pitfall traps and coverboard arrays in each of the treatment zones. Additional drift fences in five upland habitats were also established. Hoop turtle traps, funnel minnow traps, and dip nets were utilized for aquatic sampling. The presence of 43 species common to the region has been documented at Lost Lake. More than one-third of these species show evidence of breeding populations being established. Three species found prior to the restoration activity and a number of species common to undisturbed Carolina bays were not encountered. Colonization by additional species is anticipated as the wetland undergoes further succession.

Hanlin, H.G.; McLendon, J.P. [Univ. of South Carolina, Aiken, SC (United States). Dept. of Biology and Geology; Wike, L.D. [Univ. of South Carolina, Aiken, SC (United States). Dept. of Biology and Geology; [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River Technology Center; Dietsch, B.M. [Univ. of South Carolina, Aiken, SC (United States). Dept. of Biology and Geology; [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Mercury Concentrations in Fish from the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury Concentrations in Fish from the San Francisco Bay Area San Francisco Bay Regional Water on composite samples · Some mercury analysis on individual largemouth bass · Size targets #12;Tomales Bay Study chemical analyses (Hg and organics) conducted on composite samples · Some mercury analysis on individual

283

THERMOFLUID OPTIMIZATION OF A HEATED HELICOPTER ENGINE COOLING BAY SURFACE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effectiveness of an aircraft de-icing strategy by re-designing the cooling bay surface shape. The design of a helicopter cooling bay can be ice prone under certain atmospheric conditions. Its effective shape design1 THERMOFLUID OPTIMIZATION OF A HEATED HELICOPTER ENGINE COOLING BAY SURFACE D. Wang 1 , G. F

Wang, Gaofeng Gary

284

MODELING NEKTON HABITAT USE IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODELING NEKTON HABITAT USE IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS: AN APPROACH TO DEFINE ESSENTIAL FISH HABITAT IN GALVESTON BAY, TEXAS: AN APPROACH TO DEFINE ESSENTIAL FISH HABITAT (EFH) Project Team: Randall D. Clark.A. Matthews. 1999. Modeling nekton habitat selection in Galveston Bay, Texas: An approach to define essential

285

Segmentation development for Galveston Bay. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the study is to develop a segmentation scheme for the Galveston Bay System that will facilitate the other efforts planned by the Galveston Bay National Estuary Program (GBNEP). The study is organized around four tasks: (1) the evaluation of existing segmentation schemes, (2) evaluation of natural features and anthropogenic inputs, (3) determination of segmentation criteria, (4) and the drafting of the boundaries. To facilitate the management and presentation of the large amounts of geobased data accumulated, a geographic information system (GIS) was developed for the study area.

Not Available

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Solar Neutrinos and Solar Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...solar core, it is not out of the question that they induce motion that influences substantially the rates of the various thermonuclear reactions that emit the neutrinos. The basic processes of seismic inference will be discussed briefly, followed by a summary...

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Charge radius of the neutrino  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the pinch technique we construct at one-loop order a neutrino charge radius, which is finite, depends neither on the gauge-fixing parameter nor on the gauge-fixing scheme employed, and is process independent. This definition stems solely from an effective proper photon-neutrino one-loop vertex, with no reference to box or self-energy contributions. The role of the WW box in this construction is critically examined. In particular it is shown that the exclusion of the effective WW box from the definition of the neutrino charge radius is not a matter of convention but is in fact dynamically realized when the target fermions are right-handedly polarized. In this way we obtain a unique decomposition of effective self-energies, vertices, and boxes, which separately respect electroweak gauge invariance. We elaborate on the tree-level origin of the mechanism which enforces at the one-loop level massive cancellations among the longitudinal momenta appearing in the Feynman diagrams, and in particular those associated with the non-Abelian character of the theory. Various issues related to the known connection between the pinch technique and the background field method are further clarified. Explicit closed expressions for the neutrino charge radius are reported.

J. Bernabu; L. G. Cabral-Rosetti; J. Papavassiliou; J. Vidal

2000-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed fluxes of cosmic rays and gamma rays are used to infer the maximum allowed high-energy neutrino flux allowed for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) following Reference [1]. It is shown that if GRBs produce the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays they should contribute (a) at least 10% of the extragalactic gamma ray background between 3 MeV and 30 GeV contrary to their observed energy flux which is only a minute fraction of this flux and (b) a cumulative neutrino flux a factor of 20 below the AMANDA-?2000 limit on isotropic neutrinos. This could have two implications either GRBs do not produce the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays [2 3] or that the GRBs are strongly beamed and emit most of their power at energies well above 100 GeV [4] implausibly increasing the energy requirements but consistent with the marginal detections of a few low-redshift GRBs by MILAGRITO [5] HEGRA-AIROBICC [6] and the Tibet-Array [7]. All crucial measurements to test the models will be available in the next few years. These are measurements of (i) high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA-ICECUBE or an enlarged ANTARES/NESTOR ocean detector (ii) GRB redshifts from HETE-2 follow-up studies and (iii) GRB spectra above 10 GeV with low-threshold imaging air Cherenkov telescopes such as MAGIC and the space telescopes AGILE and GLAST.

Karl Mannheim

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

What are the Neutrino Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possible source of the production of neutrino with large masses is considered. For this purpose the reaction nu+n to e+p+gamma, in which the electron in neW+ vertex is produced off-mass-shell, is studied.

V. P. Efrosinin

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

290

Why Neutrino Lines are Hypersharp  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was recently pointed out that mono-energetic neutrino lines from the 2-body decay of tritium (tau ~ 18-y) can be emitted, a significant fraction, with natural line width (~10-24 eV) for hypersharp resonance transitions 3H--> line broadening in resonances of short lived (tau ~ microsec) states.

R. S. Raghavan

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

291

Photocatalytic reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photocatalytic reactor is described for processing selected reactants from a fluid medium comprising at least one permeable photocatalytic membrane having a photocatalytic material. The material forms an area of chemically active sites when illuminated by light at selected wavelengths. When the fluid medium is passed through the illuminated membrane, the reactants are processed at these sites separating the processed fluid from the unprocessed fluid. A light source is provided and a light transmitting means, including an optical fiber, for transmitting light from the light source to the membrane. 4 figs.

Bischoff, B.L.; Fain, D.E.; Stockdale, J.A.D.

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

292

Cross section dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the dependence of event rates at neutrino telescopes on the neutrino-nucleon cross section for neutrinos with energy above 1 PeV, and contrast the results with those for cosmic ray experiments. Scaling of the ...

Marfatia, Danny; Seckel, D.; McKay, D. W.; Hussain, S.

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

293

Discovering Long Wavelength Neutrino Oscillations in the Distorted Neutrino Spectrum of Galactic Supernova Remnants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the muon neutrino event rate in km$^3$ neutrino telescopes due to a number of galactic supernova remnants expected on the basis of these objects' known $\\gamma$-ray signals. We evaluate the potential of these neutrino signals to exhibit evidence of the sub-dominant neutrino oscillations expected in various neutrino mixing schemes including pseudo-Dirac scenarios and the Exact Parity Model. With ten years' data, neutrino signals from Sgr A East should either discover or exclude neutrino oscillations governed by a $\\delta m^2$ parameter in the range $10^{-12}$ to $10^{-15}$ eV$^2$. Such a capability is not available to terrestrial or solar system neutrino experiments.

Roland M. Crocker; Fulvio Melia; Raymond R. Volkas

2001-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

294

Measuring active-to-sterile neutrino oscillations with neutral current coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light sterile neutrinos have been introduced as an explanation for a number of oscillation signals at ?m[superscript 2]?1??eV[superscript 2]. Neutrino oscillations at relatively short baselines provide a probe of these ...

Anderson, A. J.

295

Effective Mass Matrix for Light Neutrinos Consistent with Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an effective mass matrix for light neutrinos which is consistent with the mixing pattern indicated by solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments. Two scenarios for the mass eigenvalues are discussed and the connection with double beta decay is noted.

S. P. Rosen; Waikwok Kwong

1995-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

296

Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report, configuration notes American Samoa Spatial Data Infrastructure Maps GIS Data CDs Operating System, a number of issues regarding map projections and datums were resolved allowing GIS users to processFagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary GIS Capacity Binder Index Background 2 Hardware, Software

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

297

Hybrid adsorptive membrane reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid adsorbent-membrane reactor in which the chemical reaction, membrane separation, and product adsorption are coupled. Also disclosed are a dual-reactor apparatus and a process using the reactor or the apparatus.

Tsotsis, Theodore T. (Huntington Beach, CA); Sahimi, Muhammad (Altadena, CA); Fayyaz-Najafi, Babak (Richmond, CA); Harale, Aadesh (Los Angeles, CA); Park, Byoung-Gi (Yeosu, KR); Liu, Paul K. T. (Lafayette Hill, PA)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Towards the detection of cosmological relic neutrino with neutrino capture on a beta decaying nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we report on recent results in the eld of the phenomenology of very low energy neutrino interactions. We briey describe the cross section calculation for Neutrino Capture on Beta decay nuclei (NCB). We show that the resulting cross section open the possibility to detect the cosmological relic neutrinos. With this achievement, the relic neutrino detection has been downscaled from a principle problem to a technological challenge. We also summarise the state of the art about possible detection techniques.

Messina, M; Mangano, G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Emission angle distribution and flavor transformation of supernova neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using moment equations we analyze collective flavor transformation of supernova neutrinos. We study the convergence of moment equations and find that numerical results using a few moment converge quite fast. We study effects of emission angle distribution of neutrinos on neutrino sphere. We study scaling law of the amplitude of neutrino self-interaction Hamiltonian and find that it depends on model of emission angle distribution of neutrinos. Dependence of neutrino oscillation on different models of emission angle distribution is studied.

Wei Liao

2009-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

300

Solar-neutrino problem: Some old solutions reexamined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent experimental data confirm the solar-neutrino problem and imply new neutrino physics. We review some of the less discussed proposals to solve this problem: (1) maximal vacuum mixing of three neutrino flavors, (2) vacuum oscillation of two neutrino flavors, and (3) neutrino decay. Each of these three solutions can fit the Cl37 and Kamiokande-II solar-neutrino-flux measurements. Their implications for the continuing Ga71 experiments and for other, future experiments are discussed.

Andy Acker; Sandip Pakvasa; James Pantaleone

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dynamical Collective Calculation of Supernova Neutrino Signals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first calculations with three flavors of collective and shock wave effects for neutrino propagation in core-collapse supernovae using hydrodynamical density profiles and the S matrix formalism. We explore the interplay between the neutrino-neutrino interaction and the effects of multiple resonances upon the time signal of positrons in supernova observatories. A specific signature is found for the inverted hierarchy and a large third neutrino mixing angle and we predict, in this case, a dearth of lower energy positrons in Cherenkov detectors midway through the neutrino signal and the simultaneous revelation of valuable information about the original fluxes. We show that this feature is also observable with current generation neutrino detectors at the level of several sigmas.

Gava, Jerome; Kneller, James; Volpe, Cristina; McLaughlin, G. C. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, F-91406 Orsay cedex, CNRS/IN2P3 and University of Paris-XI (France); Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

302

Exotic Solutions to the Solar Neutrino Problem and Some Implications for Low Energy Solar Neutrino Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk, I review, from the phenomenological point of view, solutions to the solar neutrino problem, which are not provided by the conventional neutrino oscillation induced by mass and flavor mixing, and show that they can provide a good fit to the observed data. I also consider some simple implications for low energy solar neutrino experiments.

H. Nunokawa

2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

303

Neutrino-electron scattering and the choice between different MSW solutions of the solar neutrino problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the scattering of solar neutrinos by electrons as a means for distinguishing between MSW solutions of the solar neutrino problem. In terms of the ratio R between the observed cross-section and that for pure electron-type neutrinos, we find that some correlation between the value R and the appropriate solution. 9 refs., 3 figs.

Rosen, S.P.; Gelb, J.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Double Beta Decay, Majorana Neutrinos, and Neutrino Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theoretical and experimental issues relevant to neutrinoless double-beta decay are reviewed. The impact that a direct observation of this exotic process would have on elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and cosmology is profound. Now that neutrinos are known to have mass and experiments are becoming more sensitive, even the non-observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay will be useful. If the process is actually observed, we will immediately learn much about the neutrino. The status and discovery potential of proposed experiments are reviewed in this context, with significant emphasis on proposals favored by recent panel reviews. The importance of and challenges in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements that govern the decay are considered in detail. The increasing sensitivity of experiments and improvements in nuclear theory make the future exciting for this field at the interface of nuclear and particle physics.

Frank T. Avignone III; Steven R. Elliott; Jonathan Engel

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

Majorana Neutrino Masses from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When three Majorana neutrinos describe the solar and atmospheric neutrino data via oscillations, a nonzero measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

V. Barger; K. Whisnant

1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

EA-1943: Proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) at...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

943: Proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) at Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois EA-1943: Proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) at Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois...

307

Measuring neutrino oscillation parameters using $\  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MINOS is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. It consists of two large steel-scintillator tracking calorimeters. The near detector is situated at Fermilab, close to the production point of the NuMI muon-neutrino beam. The far detector is 735 km away, 716m underground in the Soudan mine, Northern Minnesota. The primary purpose of the MINOS experiment is to make precise measurements of the 'atmospheric' neutrino oscillation parameters ({Delta}m{sub atm}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub atm}). The oscillation signal consists of an energy-dependent deficit of {nu}{sub {mu}} interactions in the far detector. The near detector is used to characterize the properties of the beam before oscillations develop. The two-detector design allows many potential sources of systematic error in the far detector to be mitigated by the near detector observations. This thesis describes the details of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, and presents a new technique to estimate the hadronic energy of neutrino interactions. This estimator achieves a significant improvement in the energy resolution of the neutrino spectrum, and in the sensitivity of the neutrino oscillation fit. The systematic uncertainty on the hadronic energy scale was re-evaluated and found to be comparable to that of the energy estimator previously in use. The best-fit oscillation parameters of the {nu}{sub {mu}}-disappearance analysis, incorporating this new estimator were: {Delta}m{sup 2} = 2.32{sub -0.08}{sup +0.12} x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}, sin {sup 2} 2{theta} > 0.90 (90% C.L.). A similar analysis, using data from a period of running where the NuMI beam was operated in a configuration producing a predominantly {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beam, yielded somewhat different best-fit parameters {Delta}{bar m}{sup 2} = (3.36{sub -0.40}{sup +0.46}(stat.) {+-} 0.06(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}eV{sup 2}, sin{sup 2} 2{bar {theta}} = 0.86{sub -0.12}{sup _0.11}(stat.) {+-} 0.01(syst.). The tension between these results is intriguing, and additional antineutrino data is currently being taken in order to further investigate this apparent discrepancy.

Backhouse, Christopher James; /Oxford U.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

GEN-IV Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generation-IV reactors are a set of nuclear reactors currently being developed under international collaborations targeting ... economics, proliferation resistance, and physical protection of nuclear energy. Nuclear

Taek K. Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Netherlands Reactor Centre  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Two illustrated brochures in English have recently J. been issued by the Netherlands Reactor Centre ( ... Centre (Reactor Centrum Nederland). The first* gives a general survey of the ...

S. WEINTROUB

1964-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

310

Coherent Neutrino Scattering and Stellar Collapse  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Freedman has shown that coherency and the neutral current theory of neutrinos imply a scattering cross section for neutrinos off heavy nuclei proportional to the square of the atomic weight. The collapse of an iron-core star produces a hot neutron star surrounded by a thin iron layer. Because of the large scattering rate in the outer layer, neutrinos from the hot neutron core are able to accelerate the iron layer to above escape velocity.

James R. Wilson

1974-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

On the Electric Charge of the Neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact expression is obtained for the differential cross section of elastic electroweak scattering of longitudinal polarized massive Dirac neutrinos with the electric charge and anomalous magnetic moment on a spinless nucleus. This formula contains all necessary information about the nature of the neutrino mass, charge and magnetic moment. Some of them state that between the mass of the neutrino its electric charge there exists an interconnection.

Rasulkhozha S. Sarafiddinov

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

312

Nuclear correction factors from neutrino DIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Deep Inelastic Scattering on nuclei is an essential process to constrain the strange quark parton distribution functions in the proton. The critical component on the way to using the neutrino DIS data in a proton PDF analysis is understanding the nuclear effects in parton distribution functions. We parametrize these effects by nuclear parton distribution functions and we use this framework to analyze the consistency of neutrino DIS data with other nuclear data.

K. Kovarik

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

Superheavy sterile neutrinos as dark matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Chair of Committee) Ronald A. Bryan (Member) S ephen A. Fulling (Member) Thomas Adair, III (Head of Department) May 2000 Major Subject: Physics ABSTRACT Superheavy Sterile Neutrinos as Dark Matter. (May 2000) Yongjun Tang, B. S. , Jilin... this research. Thanks also go to Dr. Ronald A. Bryan and Dr. Stephen A. Fulling for being my committee members. vu TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . II DARK MATTER MODELS III NEUTRINO OSCILLATION . A. Neutrino Oscillation in Vacuum B...

Tang, Yongjun

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Invisible Axion and Neutrino Masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that in any invisible axion model due to the effects of effective non-renormalizable interactions related to an energy scale near the Peccei-Quinn, grand unification or even the Planck scale, active neutrinos necessarily acquire masses in the sub-eV range. Moreover, if sterile neutrinos are also included and if appropriate cyclic $Z_N$ symmetries are imposed, it is possible that some of these neutrinos are heavy while others are light.

Alex G. Dias; V. Pleitez

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

315

Pion condensation in a dense neutrino gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that using an equilibrated gas of neutrinos it is possible to probe the phase diagram of QCD for finite isospin and small baryon chemical potentials. We discuss this region of the phase diagram in detail and demonstrate that for large enough neutrino densities a Bose-Einstein condensate of positively charged pions arises. Moreover, we show that for nonzero neutrino density the degeneracy in the lifetimes and masses of the charged pions is lifted.

Hiroaki Abuki; Tomas Brauner; Harmen J. Warringa

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

316

RF Systems in a Neutrino Factory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on existing sources, I compile parameters for the RF systems for a neutrino factory which accelerates to 10 GeV.

Berg J. S.

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

317

Low energy atmospheric muon neutrinos in MACRO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flux of low energy neutrinos (~ 4 GeV) has been studied with the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso via the detection of muon neutrinos interactions inside the apparatus, and of upward-going stopping muons. Data collected in ~3 y with the full apparatus were analyzed. The results are compatible with a deficit of the flux of atmospheric muon neutrinos from below, and no reduction from above, with respect to Monte Carlo predictions. The deficit and the angular distributions are interpreted in terms of neutrino oscillations, and compared with the MACRO results on the upward throughgoing muons (~ 100 GeV).

M. Spurio; for the MACRO Collaboration

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Scintillator yields glimpse of elusive solar neutrinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The low-energy neutrinos are byproducts of the first reaction in a chain that generates 99% of the Suns energy.

Smart, Ashley G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Solar neutrino with Borexino: results and perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Borexino is a unique detector able to perform measurement of solar neutrinos fluxes in the energy region around 1 MeV or below due to its low level of radioactive background. It was constructed at the LNGS underground laboratory with a goal of solar $^{7}$Be neutrino flux measurement with 5\\% precision. The goal has been successfully achieved marking the end of the first stage of the experiment. A number of other important measurements of solar neutrino fluxes have been performed during the first stage. Recently the collaboration conducted successful liquid scintillator repurification campaign aiming to reduce main contaminants in the sub-MeV energy range. With the new levels of radiopurity Borexino can improve existing and challenge a number of new measurements including: improvement of the results on the Solar and terrestrial neutrino fluxes measurements; measurement of pp and CNO solar neutrino fluxes; search for non-standard interactions of neutrino; study of the neutrino oscillations on the short baseline with an artificial neutrino source (search for sterile neutrino) in context of SOX project.

O. Smirnov; G. Bellini; J. Benziger; D. Bick; G. Bonfini; D. Bravo; B. Caccianiga; F. Calaprice; A. Caminata; P. Cavalcante; A. Chavarria; A. Chepurnov; D. D'Angelo; S. Davini; A. Derbin; A. Empl; A. Etenko; K. Fomenko; D. Franco; G. Fiorentini; C. Galbiati; S. Gazzana; C. Ghiano; M. Giammarchi; M. Goeger-Neff; A. Goretti; C. Hagner; E. Hungerford; Aldo Ianni; Andrea Ianni; V. Kobychev; D. Korablev; G. Korga; D. Kryn; M. Laubenstein; B. Lehnert; T. Lewke; E. Litvinovich; F. Lombardi; P. Lombardi; L. Ludhova; G. Lukyanchenko; I. Machulin; S. Manecki; W. Maneschg; F. Mantovani; S. Marcocci; Q. Meindl; E. Meroni; M. Meyer; L. Miramonti; M. Misiaszek; P. Mosteiro; V. Muratova; L. Oberauer; M. Obolensky; F. Ortica; K. Otis; M. Pallavicini; L. Papp; L. Perasso; A. Pocar; G. Ranucci; A. Razeto; A. Re; B. Ricci; A. Romani; N. Rossi; R. Saldanha; C. Salvo; S. Schoenert; H. Simgen; M. Skorokhvatov; A. Sotnikov; S. Sukhotin; Y. Suvorov; R. Tartaglia; G. Testera; D. Vignaud; R. B. Vogelaar; F. von Feilitzsch; H. Wang; J. Winter; M. Wojcik; A. Wright; M. Wurm; O. Zaimidoroga; S. Zavatarelli; K. Zuber; G. Zuzel

2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adventure An interactive tour of quarks, neutrinos, anti-matter, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators, and particle detectors. Developed by the Particle Data Group....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Gamma Ray Burst Neutrinos Probing Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very high energy, short wavelength, neutrinos may interact with the space-time foam predicted by theories of quantum gravity. They would propagate like light through a crystal lattice and be delayed, with the delay depending on the energy. This will appear to the observer as a violation of Lorenz invariance. Back of the envelope calculations imply that observations of neutrinos produced by gamma ray bursts may reach Planck-scale sensitivity. We revisit the problem considering two essential complications: the imprecise timing of the neutrinos associated with their poorly understood production mechanism in the source and the indirect nature of their energy measurement made by high energy neutrino telescopes.

M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; F. Halzen

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy Neutrinos Ever Lisa Gerhardt, LBNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

objects CR P. Gorham Distance to AGNs 4 (A Few) Neutrino Sources CRs: atm Gamma Ray Bursts Dark Matter Supernovae Active Galactic Nuclei GZK p + CMB ...

323

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with Composite Neutrinos.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrino-less double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella (a; C. Carimalo (b; Y. N. Srivastava (a; A. Widom (c

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Non-standard Neutrino Oscillations at Icecube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I review the potential of Icecube for revealing physics beyond the standard model in the oscillation of atmospheric neutrinos.

M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

325

Testing nuclear models via neutrino scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent progresses on the relativistic modeling of neutrino-nucleus reactions are presented and the results are compared with high precision experimental data in a wide energy range.

Barbaro, M B; Amaro, J E; Antonov, A N; Caballero, J A; Donnelly, T W; Gonzalez-Jimenez, R; Ivanov, M V; de Guerra, E Moya; Megias, G D; Simo, I Ruiz; Udias, J M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Testing nuclear models via neutrino scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent progresses on the relativistic modeling of neutrino-nucleus reactions are presented and the results are compared with high precision experimental data in a wide energy range.

M. B. Barbaro; C. Albertus; J. E. Amaro; A. N. Antonov; J. A. Caballero; T. W. Donnelly; R. Gonzalez-Jimenez; M. V. Ivanov; E. Moya de Guerra; G. D. Megias; I. Ruiz Simo; J. M. Udias

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Search for Neutrinos from the Sun  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

A solar neutrino detection system has been built to observe the neutrino radiation from the sun. The detector uses 3,900,000 liters of tetrachloroethylene as the neutrino capturing medium. Argon is removed from the liquid by sweeping with helium gas, and counted in a small low level proportional counter. The recovery efficiency of the system was tested with Ar{sup 36} by the isotope dilution method, and also with Ar{sup 37} produced in the liquid by fast neutrons. These tests demonstrate that Ar{sup 37} produced in the liquid by neutrino capture can be removed with a 95 percent efficiency by the procedure used.

Davis, Raymond Jr.

1968-09-00T23:59:59.000Z

328

CPT-Odd Resonances in Neutrino Oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the consequences for future neutrino factory experiments of small CPT-odd interactions in neutrino oscillations. The ????? and ????? survival probabilities at a baseline L=732 km can test for CPT-odd contributions at orders of magnitude better sensitivity than present neutrino sector limits. Interference between the CPT-violating interaction and CPT-even mass terms in the Lagrangian can lead to a resonant enhancement of the oscillation amplitude. For oscillations in matter, a simultaneous enhancement of both neutrino and antineutrino oscillation amplitudes is possible.

V. Barger; S. Pakvasa; T. J. Weiler; K. Whisnant

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

329

Neutrino physics with an intense \  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study some of the physics potential of an intense $1\\,\\mathrm{MCi}$ $^{51}\\mathrm{Cr}$ source combined with the {\\sc Majorana Demonstrator} enriched germanium detector array. The {\\sc Demonstrator} will consist of detectors with ultra-low radioactive backgrounds and extremely low energy thresholds of~$\\sim 400\\,\\mathrm{eV}$. We show that it can improve the current limit on the neutrino magnetic dipole moment. We briefly discuss physics applications of the charged-current reaction of the $^{51}\\mathrm{Cr} neutrino with the $^{73}\\mathrm{Ge} isotope. Finally, we argue that the rate from a realistic, intense tritium source is below the detectable limit of even a tonne-scale HPGe experiment

R. Henning

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

330

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino Factory Mercury Flow Loop V. GravesV. Graves C. Caldwell IDS-NF Videoconference March 9, 2010 #12;Flow Loop Review · 1 cm dia nozzle, 20 m/s jet requires 1.57 liter/sec mercury flow (94 2 liter/min 24 9 gpm)mercury flow (94.2 liter/min, 24.9 gpm). · MERIT experiment showed that a pump

McDonald, Kirk

331

Graphene, neutrino mass and oscillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A resolution of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma is presented that other constant velocities can play the role of c in the theory of relativity. For example, in 2005 electrons of graphene were discovered to behave as if the coefficient is a Fermi velocity. Then we propose a conjecture for neutrinos to avoid the contradiction among two-component theory, negative rest mass-square and oscillation.

Z. Y. Wang

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

332

Non-standard Neutrino Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theories beyond the Standard Model must respect its gauge symmetry. This implies strict constraints on the possible models of Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions (NSIs). We review here the present status of NSIs from the point of view of effective field theory. Our recent work on the restrictions implied by Standard Model gauge invariance is provided along with some examples of possible gauge invariant models featuring non-standard interactions.

D. Hernandez

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

First search for neutrinos in correlation with gamma-ray bursts with the ANTARES neutrino telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for neutrino-induced muons in correlation with a selection of 40 gamma-ray bursts that occurred in 2007 has been performed with the ANTARES neutrino telescope. During that period, the detector consisted of 5 detection lines. The ANTARES neutrino telescope is sensitive to TeVPeV neutrinos that are predicted from gamma-ray bursts. No events were found in correlation with the prompt photon emission of the gamma-ray bursts and upper limits have been placed on the flux and fluence of neutrinos for different models.

NONE

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Neutrino telescopes in the World  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutrino astronomy has rapidly developed these last years, being the only way to get specific and reliable information about astrophysical objects still poorly understood.Currently two neutrino telescopes are operational in the World: BAIKAL, in the lake of the same name in Siberia, and AMANDA, in the ices of the South Pole. Two telescopes of the same type are under construction in the Mediterranean Sea: ANTARES and NESTOR. All these telescopes belong to a first generation, with an instrumented volume smaller or equal to 0.02 km3. Also in the Mediterranean Sea, the NEMO project is just in its stag phase, within the framework of a cubic kilometer size neutrino telescope study. Lastly, the ICECUBE detector, with a volume reaching about 1 km3, is under construction on the site of AMANDA experiment, while an extension of the BAIKAL detector toward km3 is under study. We will present here the characteristics of these experiments, as well as the results of their observations.

Ernenwein, J.-P. [GRPHE, Universite de Haute Alsace, 61 rue Albert Camus, 68093 Mulhouse cedex (France)

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

335

Neutrino induced light element synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the core of a massive star collapses to form a neutron star, the flux of neutrinos in the overlying shells of heavy elements becomes so great that, despite the small cross section, substantial nuclear transmutation is induced. Neutrinos, especially the higher energy {mu}- and {tau}-neutrinos, excite heavy elements and even helium to particle unbound levels. The evaporation of a single neutron or proton, and the back reaction of these nucleons on other species present, significantly alters the outcome of traditional nucleosynthesis calculations leading to a new process: {nu}-nucleosynthesis. The process was first studied by Domogatsky et al. and Woosley. Recent work by Epstein, Colgate, and Haxton and Woosley and Haxton suggested that a large number of elements could owe their existence in nature to {nu}-induced reactions in supernovae. A parametrized study of this process including shock wave propagation was carried out by Woosley et al. for selected zones of a 20 M{sub {circle dot}} star. Here we give preliminary results for a 25 M{sub {circle dot}} star, including all {nu}-reactions in all stellar zones.

Hartmann, D.H.; Mathews, G.; Weaver, T.A. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Haxton, W.C. (Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Woosley, S.E. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA) California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (USA). Board of Studies in Astronomy and Astrophysics)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Firewall Phenomenology with Astrophysical Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most fundamental features of a black hole in general relativity is its event horizon: a boundary from which nothing can escape. There has been a recent surge of interest in the nature of these event horizons and their local neighbourhoods. In an attempt to resolve black hole information paradox(es), and more generally, to better understand the path towards quantum gravity, firewalls have been proposed as an alternative to black hole event horizons. In this letter, we explore the phenomenological implications of black holes possessing a surface or firewall. We predict a potentially detectable signature of these firewalls in the form of a high energy astrophysical neutrino flux. We compute the spectrum of this neutrino flux in different models and show that it is a possible candidate for the source of the PeV neutrinos recently detected by IceCube. We further show that, independent of the generation mechanism, IceCube data can be explained (at $1\\sigma$ confidence level) by conversion of accretion on...

Afshordi, Niayesh

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Probing thermonuclear supernova explosions with neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims: We present neutrino light curves and energy spectra for two representative type Ia supernova explosion models: a pure deflagration and a delayed detonation. Methods: We calculate the neutrino flux from $\\beta$ processes using nuclear statistical equilibrium abundances convoluted with approximate neutrino spectra of the individual nuclei and the thermal neutrino spectrum (pair+plasma). Results: Although the two considered thermonuclear supernova explosion scenarios are expected to produce almost identical electromagnetic output, their neutrino signatures appear vastly different, which allow an unambiguous identification of the explosion mechanism: a pure deflagration produces a single peak in the neutrino light curve, while the addition of the second maximum characterizes a delayed-detonation. We identified the following main contributors to the neutrino signal: (1) weak electron neutrino emission from electron captures (in particular on the protons Co55 and Ni56) and numerous beta-active nuclei produced by the thermonuclear flame and/or detonation front, (2) electron antineutrinos from positron captures on neutrons, and (3) the thermal emission from pair annihilation. We estimate that a pure deflagration supernova explosion at a distance of 1 kpc would trigger about 14 events in the future 50 kt liquid scintillator detector and some 19 events in a 0.5 Mt water Cherenkov-type detector. Conclusions: While in contrast to core-collapse supernovae neutrinos carry only a very small fraction of the energy produced in the thermonuclear supernova explosion, the SN Ia neutrino signal provides information that allows us to unambiguously distinguish between different possible explosion scenarios. These studies will become feasible with the next generation of proposed neutrino observatories.

A. Odrzywolek; T. Plewa

2011-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

Confusing the extragalactic neutrino flux limit with a neutrino propagation limit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the possible suppression of the extragalactic neutrino flux due to a nonstandard interaction during its propagation. In particular, we study neutrino interaction with an ultra-light scalar field dark matter. It is shown that the extragalactic neutrino flux may be suppressed by such an interaction, leading to a new mechanism to reduce the ultra-high energy neutrino flux. We study both the cases of non-self-conjugate as well as self-conjugate dark matter. In the first case, the suppression is independent of the neutrino and dark matter masses. We conclude that care must be taken when explaining limits on the neutrino flux through source acceleration mechanisms only, since there could be other mechanisms for the reduction of the neutrino flux.

Barranco, Juan [Instituto de Astronoma, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mxico, Mexico, DF 04510 (Mexico); Miranda, Omar G. [Departamento de Fsica, Centro de Investigacin y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apdo. Postal 14-740 07000 Mxico, D.F. (Mexico); Moura, Celio A. [Centro de Cincias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adlia, 166, 09210-170 Santo Andr, SP (Brazil); Rashba, Timur I. [Max-Planck-Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, 37191 (Germany); Rossi-Torres, Fernando, E-mail: barranco@astroscu.unam.mx, E-mail: Omar.Miranda@fis.cinvestav.mx, E-mail: celio.moura@ufabc.edu.br, E-mail: timur@mppmu.mpg.de, E-mail: ftorres@ifi.unicamp.br [Instituto de Fsica Terica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz, 271 - Bl. II, 01140-070, So Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

SRS Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The small modular reactor program at the Savannah River Site and the Savannah River National Laboratory.

None

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

340

SRS Small Modular Reactors  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The small modular reactor program at the Savannah River Site and the Savannah River National Laboratory.

None

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Bay Front Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Front Biomass Facility Front Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bay Front Biomass Facility Facility Bay Front Sector Biomass Location Ashland County, Wisconsin Coordinates 46.9794969°, -90.4824892° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.9794969,"lon":-90.4824892,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

342

LNG carrier underwater noise in Baffin Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large powerful liquid natural gas carriers may soon ply Arctic waters year round. Concern has been expressed over the impact the resulting noise will have on Arctic marine life. This study includes estimates of LNG carrier?radiated noise source levels and resulting sound levels at a given distance from the ship for a number of operating conditions. Measurements of sound propagation and ambient noise conditions in Baffin Bay are used to estimate the shipnoise levels in relation to the summertime noise background.

L. J. Leggat; H. M. Merklinger; J. L. Kennedy

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Marine geology of the Bay of Campeche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Oceanography and Meteorology August, 1938 1 V .?> TABLE OF CONTENTS Page LIST OF F I G U R E S .......................... ............... v LIST OF TABLES............................................ vii LIST OF PLATES... STATION 11 AND STATION 30. . 17 6 BATHYMETRIC CHART OF THE BAY OF CAMPECHE.......... In V' Pocket YV.,;r? ' t. 7 BOTTOM PROFILES OF THE CONTINENTAL SLOPE ALONG 92?001 WEST LONGITUDE (A-A) OFF CAMPECHE BANK AND OF THE OUTER PORTION...

Creager, Joe S.

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

344

White paper report on using nuclear reactors to search for a value of theta13  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has been superb progress in understanding the neutrino sector of elementary particle physics in the past few years. It is now widely recognized that the possibility exists for a rich program of measuring CP violation and matter effects in future accelerator {nu} experiments, which has led to intense efforts to consider new programs at neutrino superbeams, off-axis detectors, neutrino factories and beta beams. However, the possibility of measuring CP violation can be fulfilled only if the value of the neutrino mixing parameter {theta}{sub 13} is such that sin{sup 2} (2{theta}{sub 13}) greater than or equal to on the order of 0.01. The authors of this white paper are an International Working Group of physicists who believe that a timely new experiment at a nuclear reactor sensitive to the neutrino mixing parameter {theta}{sub 13} in this range has a great opportunity for an exciting discovery, a non-zero value to {theta}{sub 13}. This would be a compelling next step of this program. We are studying possible new reactor experiments at a variety of sites around the world, and we have collaborated to prepare this document to advocate this idea and describe some of the issues that are involved.

Anderson, K.; Anjos, J.C.; Ayres, D.; Beacom, J.; Bediaga, I.; de Bellefon, A.; Berger, B.E.; Bilenky, S.; Blucher, E.; Bolton, T.; Buck, C.; Bugg, W.; Busenitz, J.; Choubey, S.; Conrad, J.; Cribier, M.; Dadoun, O.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; Decowski, M.; de Gouvea, Andre; Demutrh, D.; Dessages-Ardellier, F.; Efremenko, Y.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Finley, D.; Formaggio, J.A.; Freedman, S.J.; Fujikawa, B.K.; Garbini, M.; Giusti, P.; Goger-Neff, M.; Goodman, M.; Gray, F.; Grieb, C.; Grudzinski, J.J.; Guarino, V.J.; Hartmann, F.; Hagner, C.; Heeger, K.M.; Hofmann, W.; Horton-Smith, G.; Huber, P.; Inzhechik, L.; Jochum, J.; Jostlein, H.; Kadel, R.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kaplan, D.; Kasper, P.; de Kerret, H.; Kersten, J.; Klein, J.; Knopfle, K.T.; Kopeikin, V.; Kozlov, Yu.; Kryn, D.; Kuchler, V.; Kuze, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lasserre, T.; Laughton, C.; Lendvai, C.; Li, J.; Lindner, M.; Link, J.; Longo, M.; Lu, Y.S.; Luk, K.B.; Ma, Y.Q.; Martemyanov, V.P.; Mauger, C.; Manghetti, H.; McKeown, R.; Mention, G.; Meyer, J.P.; Mikaelyan, L.; Minakata, H.; Naples, D.; Nunokawa, H.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Parke, S.; Petcov, S.T.; Peres, O.L.G.; Potzel, W.; Pilcher, J.; Plunkett, R.; Raffelt, G.; Rapidis, P.; Reyna, D.; Roe, B.; Rolinec, M.; Sakamoto, Y.; Sartorelli, G.; Schonert, S.; Schwertz, T.; Selvi, M.; Shaevitz, M.; Shellard, R.; Shrock, R.; Sidwell, R.; Sims, J.; Sinev, V.; Stanton, N.; Stancu, I.; Stefanski, R.; Seukane, F.; Sugiyama, H.; Sukhotin, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Svoboda, R.; Talaga, R.; Tamura, N.; Tanimoto, M.; Thron, J.; von Toerne, E.; Vignaud, D.; Wagner, C.; Wang, Y.F.; Wang, Z.; Winter, W.; Wong, H.; Yakushev, E.; Yang, C.G.; Yasuda, O.

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

New and Underutilized Technology: High Bay LED Lighting | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Bay LED Lighting High Bay LED Lighting New and Underutilized Technology: High Bay LED Lighting October 7, 2013 - 8:55am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for high bay LED lighting within the Federal sector. Benefits LED light sources offer several potential benefits compared to metal halide or fluorescent lighting, including reduced energy consumption due to the ability to provide a more precise light distribution; longer operating life and lower maintenance requirements; less heat introduced into the space; and greater controllability for dimming and on/off control. Relevant to the cold storage application, LED performance improves in colder temperatures. Application High bay LED lighting is applicable for facilities containing high bay

346

Nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor comprising a cylindrical pressure vessel, an elongated annular core centrally disposed within and spaced from the pressure vessel, and a plurality of ducts disposed longitudinally of the pressure vessel about the periphery thereof, said core comprising an annular active portion, an annular reflector just inside the active portion, and an annular reflector just outside the active a portion, said annular active portion comprising rectangular slab, porous fuel elements radially disposed around the inner reflector and extending the length of the active portion, wedge-shaped, porous moderator elements disposed adjacent one face of each fuel element and extending the length of the fuel element, the fuel and moderator elements being oriented so that the fuel elements face each other and the moderator elements do likewise, adjacent moderator elements being spaced to provide air inlet channels, and adjacent fuel elements being spaced to provide air outlet channels which communicate with the interior of the peripheral ducts, and means for introducing air into the air inlet channels which passes through the porous moderator elements and porous fuel elements to the outlet channel.

Thomson, Wallace B. (Severna Park, MD)

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

347

BayWa Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BayWa Group BayWa Group Jump to: navigation, search Name BayWa Group Place Munich, Germany Zip 81925 Sector Services, Solar Product Germany-based company with international operations specialised in wholesale and retail and in providing services. The company is also active in the biofuel and solar sectors. Coordinates 48.136415°, 11.577531° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.136415,"lon":11.577531,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

348

Jack Steinberger and the Muon-Neutrino  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Jack Steinberger and the Muon-Neutrino Resources with Additional Information Jack Steinberger Photograph by Harry Sticker, courtesy AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives, Physics Today Collection In an interview, Jack Steinberger spoke about his 1988 Nobel Prize winning research. He states "I did an experiment, together with several other people at Brookhaven National Laboratory ... which showed that there is a second kind of neutrino. The neutrino has elementary particles. Elementary particles exist in families of particles ... . At the time, the elementary particles which were involved were the electrons and the neutrino. ... [W]e required the [BNL] accelerator, which was the effort of very many people, ... and this allowed [us] to make a beam of these neutrinos, and we were able to convince ourselves that these neutrinos were not the same kind of neutrinos as those which had been seen before. They were associated with not electrons, but with something called [muons]. So we were able to understand that there is a different neutrino associated with the [muon] than with the electron.

349

Coherent neutrino scattering in dark matter detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus and weakly interacting massive particle-nucleus interaction signatures are expected to be quite similar. This paper discusses how a next-generation ton-scale dark matter detector could discover neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering, a precisely-predicted standard model process. A high-intensity pion- and muon- decay-at-rest neutrino source recently proposed for oscillation physics at underground laboratories would provide the neutrinos for these measurements. In this paper, we calculate raw rates for various target materials commonly used in dark matter detectors and show that discovery of this interaction is possible with a 2??tonyear GEODM exposure in an optimistic energy threshold and efficiency scenario. We also study the effects of the neutrino source on weakly interacting massive particle sensitivity and discuss the modulated neutrino signal as a sensitivity/consistency check between different dark matter experiments at the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory. Furthermore, we consider the possibility of coherent neutrino physics with a GEODM module placed within tens of meters of the neutrino source.

A. J. Anderson; J. M. Conrad; E. Figueroa-Feliciano; K. Scholberg; J. Spitz

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

CP violation in neutrinophoton scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that effects of CP violation arise in neutrinophoton scattering. Several CP-violating ?? reactions are considered within the Standard Model and predictions for some observables are made. It is emphasized that neutrinophoton scattering may provide an experimental tool for testing the scale dependence of CP violation.

I Alikhanov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Neutrino SuperBeams at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this talk I will give a brief description of long baseline neutrino physics, the LBNE experiment and Project X at Fermilab. A brief outline of the physics of long baseline neutrino experiments, LBNE and Project X at Fermilab is given in this talk.

Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

352

Neutrino proton scattering and the isosinglet term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elastic neutrino proton scattering is sensitive to the SU(3) axial isosinglet term which is in turn dependent on the strangeness content of the proton. The uncertainties in the analysis of a neutrino proton elastic scattering experiment are discussed, and an experiment which is insensitive to many of the difficulties of the previous experiment is described.

White, D.H.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Neutrino Balls and Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a mechanism by which the neutrino emission from a supernova-type explosion can be converted into a gamma-ray burst of total energy $\\sim 10^{50}$ ergs. This occurs naturally if the explosion is situated inside a ball of trapped neutrinos, which in turn may lie at a galactic core. There are possible unique signatures of this scenario.

B. Holdom; R. A. Malaney

1993-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

354

Variations in the Solar Neutrino Flux  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Observations are reported from the chlorine solar neutrino detector in the Homestake Gold Mine, South Dakota, USA. They extend from 1970 to 1985 and yield an average neutrino capture rate of 2.1 +- 0.3 SNU. The results from 1977 to 1985 show an anti-correlation with the solar activity cycle, and an apparent increased rate during large solar flares.

Davis, R. Jr.; Cleveland, B. T.; Rowley, J. K.

1987-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

355

Review Paper. Neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiments on the search for neutrinoless...experiments on the search for neutrinoless...If neutrino fields enter only in the SM Lagrangians...is a neutrino mass term, which does not...i) Dirac mass term LD = - R MD L + h...Sterile fields do not enter into the standard...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review of the current status of neutrino mixing and oscillations in astrophysical environments, with particular emphasis on the Sun and core-collapse supernovae, is given. Implications of the existence of sterile states which mix with the active neutrinos are discussed.

Balantekin, A. B. [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706 (United States)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

357

Dark energy, cosmological constant and neutrino mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The today estimated value of dark energy can be achieved by the vacuum condensate induced by neutrino mixing phenomenon. Such a tiny value is recovered for a cut-off of the order of Planck scale and it is linked to the sub eV neutrino mass scale. Contributions to dark energy from auxiliary fields or mechanisms are not necessary in this approach.

A. Capolupo; S. Capozziello; G. Vitiello

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

358

Wetland plant communities, Galveston Bay system. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report is the culmination of a field investigation of wetland plant communities, and is one phase of the project, Trends and Status of Wetland and Aquatic Habitats of the Galveston Bay System, Texas, sponsored by the Galveston Bay National Estuary Program. For purpose of the topical report, wetlands are defined and classified in terms of more classical definitions, for example, salt, brackish, and fresh marshes, in accordance with project requirements. More than 150 sites were examined in the Galveston Bay system.

White, W.A.; Paine, J.G.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The details of Super--Kamiokande--I's solar neutrino analysis are given. Solar neutrino measurement in Super--Kamiokande is a high statistics collection of $^8$B solar neutrinos via neutrino-electron scattering. The analysis method and results of the 1496 day data sample are presented. The final oscillation results for the data are also presented.

Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

360

Detectors for Neutrino Physics at the First Muon Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider possible detector designs for short-baseline neutrino experiments using neutrino beams produced at the First Muon Collider complex. The high fluxes available at the muon collider make possible high statistics deep-inelastic scattering neutrino experiments with a low-mass target. A design of a low-energy neutrino oscillation experiment on the ``tabletop'' scale is also discussed.

Deborah A. Harris; Kevin S. McFarland

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Carlo Giunti

2003-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

362

E-Print Network 3.0 - approximative neutrino transport Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

neutrino transport Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Solar Neutrinos: Solved and Unsolved Problems John N. Bahcall Summary: neutrino emission by its approximate dependence upon the...

363

Solar neutrinos and the solar composition problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard solar models (SSM) are facing nowadays a new puzzle: the solar composition problem. New determinations of solar metal abundances lead SSM calculations to conflict with helioseismological measurements, showing discrepancies that extend from the convection zone to the solar core and can not be easily assigned to deficiencies in the modelling of the solar convection zone. We present updated solar neutrino fluxes and uncertainties for two SSM with high (old) and low (new) solar metallicity determinations. The uncertainties in iron and carbon abundances are the largest contribution to the uncertainties of the solar neutrino fluxes. The uncertainty on the ^14N+p -> ^15O+g rate is the largest of the non-composition uncertainties to the CNO neutrino fluxes. We propose an independent method to help identify which SSM is the correct one. Present neutrino data can not distinguish the solar neutrino predictions of both models but ongoing measurements can help to solve the puzzle.

Carlos Pena-Garay; Aldo Serenelli

2008-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Fermilab main injector neutrino program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NuMI Facility at Fermilab provides an extremely intense beam of neutrinos making it an ideal place for the study of neutrino oscillations as well as high statistics (anti)neutrino-nucleon/nucleus scattering experiments. The MINOS neutrino oscillation {nu}{mu} disappearance experiment is currently taking data and has published first results. The NO{nu}A {nu}e appearance experiment is planning to begin taking data at the start of the next decade. For the study of neutrino scattering, the MINER{nu}A experiment at Fermilab is a collaboration of elementary-particle and nuclear physicists planning to use a fully active fine-grained solid scintillator detector. The overall goals of the experiment are to measure absolute exclusive cross-sections, nuclear effects in {nu} - A interactions, a systematic study of the resonance-DIS transition region and the high-xBj - low Q2 DIS region.

Morfin, Jorge G.; /Fermilab

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

BayWa Sunways JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunways JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: BayWa & Sunways JV Place: Germany Sector: Solar Product: Germany-based JV that specialises in developing, planning and realizing...

366

Chesapeake Bay, Drilling for Oil or Gas Prohibited (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Drilling for oil or gas in the waters or within 500 hundred feet from the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay or any of its tributaries is prohibited.

367

Control of hardwood regeneration in restored carolina bay depression wetlands.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carolina bays are depression wetlands located in the coastal plain region of the eastern United States. Disturbance of this wetland type has been widespread, and many sites contain one or more drainage ditches. Restoration of bays is of interest because they are important habitats for rare flora and fauna. Previous bay restoration projects have identified flood-tolerant woody competitors in the seedbank and re-sprouting as impediments to the establishment of desired herbaceous wetland vegetation communities. We restored 3 bays on the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, by plugging drainage ditches, harvesting residual pine/hardwood stands within the bays, and monitoring the vegetative response of the seedbank to the hydrologic change. We applied a foliar herbicide on one-half of each bay to control red maple (Acerrubrum), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and water oak (Quercus nigra) sprouting, and we tested its effectiveness across a hydrologic gradient in each bay. Hardwood regeneration was partially controlled by flooding in bays that exhibited long growing season hydroperiods. The findings also indicated that herbicide application was an effective means for managing hardwood regeneration and re-sprouting in areas where hydrologic control was ineffective. Herbicide use had no effect on species richness in the emerging vegetation community. In late-season drawdown periods, or in bays where hydroperiods are short, more than one herbicide application may be necessary.

Moser, Lee, J.; Barton, Christopher, D.; Blake, John, I.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

ESnet, Orange Silicon Valley, and Bay Microsystems Demonstrate...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ESnet, Orange Silicon Valley, and Bay Microsystems Demonstrate the World's First Long Distance 40Gbps RDMA Data Transfer News & Publications ESnet in the News ESnet News Media &...

369

The Effects of the "Ike Dike" barriers on Galveston Bay:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In 2008 Hurricane Ike flooded large parts of the barrier islands in front of the Galveston Bay near Houston, Texas. The storm surge also entered (more)

Ruijs, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Species diversity and water quality in Galveston bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationships between species diversity of phytoplankton, zooplankton, nekton and benthos samples and the water quality of Galveston Bay, Texas were quantitatively compared. Two water quality parameters...

B. J. Copeland; Timothy J. Bechtel

1971-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Neutrinoless double beta decay in four-neutrino models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most stringent constraint on the so-called effective electron neutrino mass from the present neutrinoless double beta decay experiments is |M_{ee}| < 0.2 eV, while the planned next generation experiment GENIUS is anticipated to reach a considerably more stringent limit |M_{ee}|< 0.001 eV. We investigate the constraints these bounds set on the neutrino masses and mixings of neutrinos in four-neutrino models where there exists a sterile neutrino along with the three ordinary neutrinos. We find that the GENIUS experiment would be sensitive to the electron neutrino masses down to the limit m_{\

Anna Kalliomaki; Jukka Maalampi

2000-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

372

La Thuile 2014: Theoretical premises to neutrino round table  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This talk, dedicated to the memory of G. Giacomelli, introduced the round table on neutrinos held in February 2014. The topics selected for the discussion are: 1) the neutrinoless double beta decay rate (interpretation in terms of light neutrinos, nuclear uncertainties); 2) the physics in the gigantic water Cherenkov detectors (proton decay, atmospheric neutrinos); 3) the study of neutrino oscillations (mass hierarchy and CP violation; other neutrino states); 4) the neutrino astronomy at low and high energies (solar, supernova, cosmic neutrinos). The importance of an active interplay between theory and experiment is highlighted.

Francesco Vissani

2014-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

373

La Thuile 2014: Theoretical premises to neutrino round table  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This talk, dedicated to the memory of G. Giacomelli, introduced the round table on neutrinos held in February 2014. The topics selected for the discussion are: 1) the neutrinoless double beta decay rate (interpretation in terms of light neutrinos, nuclear uncertainties); 2) the physics in the gigantic water Cherenkov detectors (proton decay, atmospheric neutrinos); 3) the study of neutrino oscillations (mass hierarchy and CP violation; other neutrino states); 4) the neutrino astronomy at low and high energies (solar, supernova, cosmic neutrinos). The importance of an active interplay between theory and experiment is highlighted.

Vissani, Francesco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

SAGE: Solar Neutrino Data from SAGE, the Russian-American Gallium Solar Neutrino Experiment  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

SAGE is a solar neutrino experiment based on the reaction 71Ga + n goes to 71Ge + e-. The 71Ge atoms are chemically extracted from a 50-metric ton target of Ga metal and concentrated in a sample of germane gas mixed with xenon. The atoms are then individually counted by observing their decay back to 71Ga in a small proportional counter. The distinguishing feature of the experiment is its ability to detect the low-energy neutrinos from proton-proton fusion. These neutrinos, which are made in the primary reaction that provides the Sun's energy, are the major component of the solar neutrino flux and have not been observed in any other way. To shield the experiment from cosmic rays, it is located deep underground in a specially built facility at the Baksan Neutrino Observatory in the northern Caucasus mountains of Russia. Nearly 100 measurements of the solar neutrino flux have been made during 1990-2000, and their combined result is a neutrino capture rate that is well below the prediction of the Standard Solar Model. The significant suppression of the solar neutrino flux that SAGE and other solar neutrino experiments have observed gives a strong indication for the existence of neutrino oscillations. [copied from the SAGE homepage at http://ewi.npl.washington.edu/SAGE/SAGE.html

SAGE Collaboration

375

Heavy sterile neutrinos, entropy and relativistic energy production, and the relic neutrino background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the implications of the existence of heavy neutral fermions (i.e., sterile neutrinos) for the thermal history of the early universe. In particular, we consider sterile neutrinos with rest masses in the 100 MeV to 500 MeV range, with couplings to ordinary active neutrinos large enough to guarantee thermal and chemical equilibrium at epochs in the early universe with temperatures T > 1 GeV, but in a range to give decay lifetimes from seconds to minutes. Such neutrinos would decouple early, with relic densities comparable to those of photons, but decay out of equilibrium, with consequent prodigious entropy generation prior to, or during, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). Most of the ranges of sterile neutrino rest mass and lifetime considered are at odds with Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) limits on the relativistic particle contribution to energy density (e.g., as parameterized by N_eff). However, some sterile neutrino parameters can lead to an acceptable N_eff. These parameter ranges are accompanied by considerable dilution of the ordinary background relic neutrinos, possibly an adverse effect on BBN, but sometimes fall in a range which can explain measured neutrino masses in some particle physics models. A robust signature of these sterile neutrinos would be a measured N_eff not equal to 3 coupled with no cosmological signal for neutrino rest mass when the detection thresholds for these probes are below laboratory-established neutrino mass values, either as established by the atmospheric neutrino oscillation scale or direct measurements with, e.g., KATRIN or neutrino-less double beta decay experiments.

George M. Fuller; Chad T. Kishimoto; Alexander Kusenko

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

376

Phenomenological relations for neutrino masses and mixing parameters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phenomenological relations for masses, angles, and CP phases in the neutrino mixing matrix are proposed with allowance for available experimental data. For the case of CP violation in the lepton sector, an analysis of the possible structure of the neutrino mass matrix and a calculation of the neutrino mass features and the Dirac CP phase for the bimodal-neutrino model are performed. The values obtained in this way can be used to interpret and predict the results of various neutrino experiments.

Khruschov, V. V., E-mail: khru@imp.kiae.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

377

Influence of flavor oscillations on neutrino beam instabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the collective neutrino plasma interactions and study the electron plasma instabilities produced by a nearly mono-energetic neutrino beam in a plasma. We describe the mutual interaction between neutrino flavor oscillations and electron plasma waves. We show that the neutrino flavor oscillations are not only perturbed by electron plasmas waves but also contribute to the dispersion relation and the growth rates of neutrino beam instabilities.

Mendona, J. T., E-mail: titomend@ist.utl.pt [Instituto de Fsica, Universidade de So Paulo, 05508-090 So Paulo SP (Brazil); Haas, F. [Instituto de Fsica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 91501-970 Porto Alegre RS (Brazil); Bret, A. [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain and Instituto de Investigaciones Energeticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

The distribution of biogenic thiols in surface waters of Galveston Bay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

along a salinity gradient in estuarine waters off of Galveston Bay, Texas. ... A major thiol peak was present in Lower Galveston Bay and a minor peak in Upper.

1910-00-90T23:59:59.000Z

379

Trace metal contamination of waters, sediments, and organisms of the Swan Lake area of Galveston Bay.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Swan Lake is a sub-bay of the Galveston Bay system. The area received runoff from a tin smelter via the Wah Chang Ditch which ran (more)

Park, Junesoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Effects of Inelastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering on Supernova Dynamics and Radiated Neutrino Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the shell model for Gamow-Teller and the Random Phase Approximation for forbidden transitions, we have calculated reaction rates for inelastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (INNS) under supernova (SN) conditions, assuming a matter composition given by Nuclear Statistical Equilibrium. The rates have been incorporated into state-of-the-art stellar core-collapse simulations with detailed energy-dependent neutrino transport. While no significant effect on the SN dynamics is observed, INNS increases the neutrino opacities noticeably and strongly reduces the high-energy tail of the neutrino spectrum emitted in the neutrino burst at shock breakout. Relatedly the expected event rates for the observation of such neutrinos by earthbound detectors are reduced by up to about 60%.

K. Langanke; G. Martinez-Pinedo; B. Mueller; H. -Th. Janka; A. Marek; W. R. Hix; A. Juodagalvis; J. M. Sampaio

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mass Varying Neutrinos in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the phenomenological consequences of the dependence of mass varying neutrinos on the neutrino density in the Sun, which we precisely compute in each point along the neutrino trajectory. We find that a generic characteristic of these scenarios is that they establish a connection between the effective Delta m^2 in the Sun and the absolute neutrino mass scale. This does not lead to any new allowed region in the oscillation parameter space. On the contrary, due to this effect, the description of solar neutrino data worsens for large absolute mass. As a consequence a lower bound on the level of degeneracy can be derived from the combined analysis of the solar and KamLAND data. In particular this implies that the analysis favours normal over inverted mass orderings. These results, in combination with a positive independent determination of the absolute neutrino mass, can be used as a test of these scenarios together with a precise determination of the energy dependence of the survival probability of solar neutrinos, in particular for low energies.

Marco Cirelli; M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; Carlos Pena-Garay

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

382

Can Neutrinos be Degenerate in Mass?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconsider the possibility that the masses of the three light neutrinos of the Standard Model might be almost degenerate and close to the present upper limits from Tritium beta decay and cosmology. In such a scenario, the cancellations required by the latest upper limit on neutrinoless double-beta decay enforce near-maximal mixing that may be compatible only with the vacuum-oscillation scenario for solar neutrinos. We argue that the mixing angles yielded by degenerate neutrino mass-matrix textures are not in general stable under small perturbations. We evaluate within the MSSM the generation-dependent one-loop renormalization of neutrino mass-matrix textures that yielded degenerate masses and large mixing at the tree level. We find that m_{nu_e} > m_{nu_mu} > m_{nu_tau} after renormalization, excluding MSW effects on solar neutrinos. We verify that bimaximal mixing is not stable, and show that the renormalized masses and mixing angles are not compatible with all the experimental constraints, even for tanbeta as low as unity. These results hold whether the neutrino masses are generated by a see-saw mechanism with heavy neutrinos weighing approx. 10^{13} GeV or by non-renormalizable interactions at a scale approx. 10^5 GeV. We also comment on the corresponding renormalization effects in the minimal Standard Model, in which m_{nu_e} < m_{nu_mu} < m_{nu_tau}. Although a solar MSW effect is now possible, the perturbed neutrino masses and mixings are still not compatible with atmospheric- and solar-neutrino data.

John Ellis; Smaragda Lola

1999-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

A measurement of neutrino oscillations with muon neutrinos in the MINOS experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental evidence has established that neutrino flavor states evolve over time. A neutrino of a particular flavor that travels some distance can be detected in a different neutrino flavor state. The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) is a long-baseline experiment that is designed to study this phenomenon, called neutrino oscillations. MINOS is based at Fermilab near Chicago, IL, and consists of two detectors: the Near Detector located at Fermilab, and the Far Detector, which is located in an old iron mine in Soudan, MN. Both detectors are exposed to a beam of muon neutrinos from the NuMI beamline, and MINOS measures the fraction of muon neutrinos that disappear after traveling the 734 km between the two detectors. One can measure the atmospheric neutrino mass splitting and mixing angle by observing the energy-dependence of this muon neutrino disappearance. MINOS has made several prior measurements of these parameters. Here I describe recently-developed techniques used to enhance our sensitivity to the oscillation parameters, and I present the results obtained when they are applied to a dataset that is twice as large as has been previously analyzed. We measure the mass splitting {Delta}m{sub 23}{sup 2} = (2.32{sub -0.08}{sup +0.12}) x 10{sup -3} eV{sup 2}/c{sup 4} and the mixing angle sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 32}) > 0.90 at 90% C.L. These results comprise the world's best measurement of the atmospheric neutrino mass splitting. Alternative disappearance models are also tested. The neutrino decay hypothesis is disfavored at 7.2{sigma} and the neutrino quantum decoherence hypothesis is disfavored at 9.0{sigma}.

Coleman, Stephen James; /William-Mary Coll.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Scalar neutrinos at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a softly broken supersymmetric model whose gauge symmetry is that of the standard model gauge group times an extra Abelian symmetry U(1)?. We call this gauge-extended model the U(1)? model, and we study a U(1)? model with a secluded sector such that neutrinos acquire Dirac masses via higher-dimensional terms allowed by the U(1)? invariance. In this model the ? term of the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) is dynamically induced by the vacuum expectation value of a singlet scalar. In addition, the model contains exotic particles necessary for anomaly cancellation, and extra singlet bosons for achieving correct Z?/Z mass hierarchy. The neutrinos are charged under U(1)?, and thus, their production and decay channels differ from those in the MSSM in strength and topology. We implement the model into standard packages and perform a detailed analysis of sneutrino production and decay at the Large Hadron Collider, for various mass scenarios, concentrating on three types of signals: (1)0?+MET, (2)2?+MET, and (3)4?+MET. We compare the results with those of the MSSM whenever possible, and analyze the standard model background for each signal. The sneutrino production and decays provide clear signatures enabling distinction of the U(1)? model from the MSSM at the LHC.

Durmu? A. Demir; Mariana Frank; Levent Selbuz; Ismail Turan

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

385

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in {beta} decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

On the 17-keV neutrino  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brief review on the status of the 17-keV neutrino is presented. Several different experiments found spectral distortions which were consistently interpreted as evidence for a heavy neutrino admixture in [beta] decay. Recent experiments, however, rule out the existence of a 17-keV neutrino as well as escaping criticisms of earlier null results. Moreover, the majority of positive results have been reinterpreted in terms of instrumental effects, despite the need for a different explanation in each case. Anomalies persist in the low energy region of the tritium spectrum which deserve further investigation.

Hime, A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Gravitational Phase Transition of Heavy Neutrino Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phase transition of a system of self-gravitating neutrinos in the presence of a large radiation density background in the framework of the Thomas-Fermi model. We show that, by cooling a non-degenerate gas of massive neutrinos below some critical temperature, a condensed phase emerges, consisting of quasi-degenerate supermassive neutrino stars. These compact dark objects could play an important role in structure formation in this universe, as they might in fact provide the seeds for galactic nuclei and quasi-stellar objects.

Neven Bilic; Raoul D. Viollier

1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

388

Neutrino oscillations and mixings with three flavors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global fits to all data of candidates for neutrino oscillations are presented in the framework of a three-flavor model. The analysis excludes mass regions where the MSW effect is important for the solar neutrino problem. The best fit gives ?1?28.9, ?2?4.2, ?3?45.0, m22-m12?2.8710-4 eV2, and m32-m22?1.11 eV2 indicating essentially maximal mixing between the two lightest neutrino mass eigenstates.

Tommy Ohlsson and Hkan Snellman

1999-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Neutrinoless double ? decay with composite neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrinoless double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic-type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella; C. Carimalo; Y. N. Srivastava; A. Widom

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, EAST BAY FACULTY EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, EAST BAY FACULTY EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, statistics and biostatistics, as well as for employment opportunities nationwide. Our programs are flexible about CSU, East Bay visit http://www20.csueastbay.edu. THE DEPARTMENT: The Department of Statistics

Jornsten, Rebecka

391

Dissolved organic matter in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dissolved organic matter in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters David J. Burdige * Department of recent studies of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in Chesapeake Bay sediment pore waters are summar- ized water DOM. This analysis shows that much of the DOM accumulating in sediment pore waters appears

Burdige, David

392

Regulatory effectiveness study for the Christmas Bay Coastal Preserve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report contains a description and evaluation of essential regulatory activities governing Armand Bayou and its watershed. The report will be used in management planning for the preserve, and will also contribute to the baseline regulatory data for developing the Galveston Bay Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan. A companion report was prepared for the Christmas Bay Coastal Preserve.

Mitchell, G.; Windsor, D.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

MFR PAPER 1074 Effects of Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MFR PAPER 1074 Effects of Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil on Molting Tanner Crabs, Chionoecetes bairdi JOHN F bairdi , from Alaska walers were exposed 10 Prudhoe Bay crude oil in sIalic bioassays ill Ih e laboralory. Crabs in bOlh slages were similarly susceplible 10 crude oil; Ihe eSlimaled 48-hour TLIIl (Illedian

394

Fourth generation neutrinos and neutrino induced hadron production in the resonance region.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We investigate two aspects in neutrino physics. First, we consider the extension of the standard model by a fourth fermion generation. Allowing finite mixing of (more)

Schalla, Dario

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Attrition reactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor vessel for reacting a solid particulate with a liquid reactant has a centrifugal pump in circulatory flow communication with the reactor vessel for providing particulate attrition, resulting in additional fresh surface where the reaction can occur. 2 figures.

Scott, C.D.; Davison, B.H.

1993-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

Elementary Reactor Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THERE are few subjects which have developed at the rate at which reactor physics and ... physics and reactor theory have done. This, of course, is largely due to the circumstances in ...

J. F. HILL

1962-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

397

Colliding Beam Fusion Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recirculating power for virtually all types of fusion reactors has previously been calculated [1] with the FokkerPlanck equation. The reactors involve non-Maxwellian plasmas. The calculations are ... the rec...

Norman Rostoker; Artan Qerushi; Michl Binderbauer

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Chesapeake Bay Program The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led

399

Clean Cities: East Bay Clean Cities (Oakland) coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Bay Clean Cities (Oakland) Coalition Bay Clean Cities (Oakland) Coalition The East Bay Clean Cities (Oakland) coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. East Bay Clean Cities (Oakland) coalition Contact Information Richard Battersby 530-752-9666 rebattersby@ucdavis.edu Chris Ferrara 925-459-8062 caf3@pge.com Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinators Coord Richard Battersby Coord Coord Chris Ferrara Coord Photo of Richard Battersby Richard Battersby is director of fleet services at the University of California, Davis and has been Coordinator of the East Bay (Oakland) Clean Cities coalition since 2003. Battersby has over 25 years of experience in the fleet industry and has written and participated in numerous local, state, and federal grant-funded

400

No Collective Neutrino Flavor Conversions during the Supernova Accretion Phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform a dedicated study of the supernova (SN) neutrino flavor evolution during the accretion phase, using results from recent neutrino radiation hydrodynamics simulations. In contrast to what was expected in the presence of only neutrino-neutrino interactions, we find that the multiangle effects associated with the dense ordinary matter suppress collective oscillations. The matter suppression implies that neutrino oscillations will start outside the neutrino decoupling region and therefore will have a negligible impact on the neutrino heating and the explosion dynamics. Furthermore, the possible detection of the next galactic SN neutrino signal from the accretion phase, based on the usual Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effect in the SN mantle and Earth matter effects, can reveal the neutrino mass hierarchy in the case that the mixing angle {theta}{sub 13} is not very small.

Chakraborty, Sovan; Mirizzi, Alessandro; Saviano, Ninetta; Tomas, Ricard [II Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761 Hamburg (Germany); Fischer, Tobias [GSI, Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Schlossgartenstrasse 9, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

2011-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Prospects for spheromak fusion reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reactor study of Hagenson and Krakowski demonstrated the attractiveness of the spheromak as a compact fusion reactor, based on...

T. K. Fowler; D. D. Hua

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Advanced Test Reactor Tour  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory is the foremost nuclear materials test reactor in the world. This virtual tour describes the reactor, how experiments are conducted, and how spent nuclear fuel is handled and stored. For more information about INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Miley, Don

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved vortex reactor system for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Advanced Test Reactor Tour  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Advanced Test Reactor at Idaho National Laboratory is the foremost nuclear materials test reactor in the world. This virtual tour describes the reactor, how experiments are conducted, and how spent nuclear fuel is handled and stored. For more information about INL research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

Miley, Don

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

405

Neutrinos from Hell: the Dawn of Neutrino Geophysics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Seismic waves have been for long time the only messenger reporting on the conditions deep inside the Earth. While global seismology provides amazing details about the structure of our planet, it is only sensitive to the mechanical properties of rocks and not to their chemical composition. In the last 5 years KamLAND and Borexino have started measuring anti-neutrinos produced by Uranium and Thorium inside the Earth. Such "Geoneutrinos" double the number of tools available to study the Earth's interior, enabling a sort of global chemical analysis of the planet, albeit for two elements only.I will discuss the results of these new measurements and put them in the context of the Earth Sciences."

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

Double Beta Decay Constraint on Composite Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Constraint on Composite Neutrinos Eiichi Takasugi Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560 Neutrinoless double beta decay (betabeta)0v occurs through the magnetic coupling of dimension five operator whose coupling constant is......

Eiichi Takasugi

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superluminal neutrino: a quantum weak measurement effect? Pragya Shukla · Dynamical laws, both in quantum and classical theory, are ?me-symmetric. · Measurements, the result of a measurement performed at a later ?me t1 or previous ?me

408

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collaboration Booster Neutrino Experiment (BooNE) BooNE vs MiniBooNE Interesting Facts Posters Virtual Tour Picture Gallery News Articles Technical Information BooNE Proposal...

409

Neutrino nuclear response and photo nuclear reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo nuclear reactions are shown to be used for studying neutrino/weak nuclear responses involved in astro-neutrino nuclear interactions and double beta decays. Charged current weak responses for ground and excited states are studied by using photo nuclear reactions through isobaric analog states of those states, while neutral current weak responses for excited states are studied by using photo nuclear reactions through the excited states. The weak interaction strengths are studied by measuring the cross sections of the photo nuclear reactions, and the spin and parity of the state are studied by measuring angular correlations of particles emitted from the photo nuclear reactions. Medium-energy polarized photons obtained from laser photons scattered off GeV electrons are very useful. Nuclear responses studied by photo nuclear reactions are used to evaluate neutrino/weak nuclear responses, i.e. nuclear beta and double beta matrix elements and neutrino nuclear interactions, and to verify theoretical calculations for them.

H. Ejiri; A. I. Titov; M. Boswell; A. Young

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

Pseudo Dirac neutrinos in the seesaw model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A specific class of textures for the Dirac and Majorana mass matrices in the seesaw model leading to a pair of almost degenerate neutrinos is discussed. These textures can be obtained by imposing a horizontal U(1) symmetry. A specific model is discussed in which (1) all three neutrino masses are similar in magnitude and could lie around 1 eV providing the hot component of the dark matter in the Universe, (2) two of these are highly degenerate and their (mass)2 difference could solve the solar neutrino problem through the large angle MSW solution, and (3) the electron neutrino mass may be observable through a Kurie plot as well as through a search of the neutrinoless double ? decay.

Gautam Dutta and Anjan S. Joshipura

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Geo-neutrinos and Earth Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the current status of geo-neutrino measurements and their implications for radiogenic heating in the mantle. Earth models predict different levels of radiogenic heating and, therefore, different geo-neutrino fluxes from the mantle. Seismic tomography reveals features in the deep mantle possibly correlated with radiogenic heating and causing spatial variations in the mantle geo-neutrino flux at the Earth surface. An ocean-based observatory offers the greatest sensitivity to the mantle flux and potential for resolving Earth models and mantle features. Refinements to estimates of the geo-neutrino flux from continental crust reduce uncertainty in measurements of the mantle flux, especially measurements from land-based observatories. These refinements enable the resolution of Earth models using the combined measurements from multiple continental observatories.

Dye, S T; Lekic, V; McDonough, W F; Sramek, O

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Precision Measurements with High Energy Neutrino Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino scattering measurements offer a unique tool to probe the electroweak and strong interactions as described by the Standard Model (SM). Electroweak measurements are accessible through the comparison of neutrino neutral- and charged-current scattering. These measurements are complimentary to other electroweak measurements due to differences in the radiative corrections both within and outside the SM. Neutrino scattering measurements also provide a precise method for measuring the F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2 structure functions. The predicted Q^2 evolution can be used to test perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics as well as to measure the strong coupling constant, alpha _s, and the valence, sea, and gluon parton distributions. In addition, neutrino charm production, which can be determined from the observed dimuon events, allows the strange-quark sea to be investigated along with measurements of the CKM matrix element |V_{cd}| and the charm quark mass.

Janet M. Conrad; Michael H. Shaevitz; Tim Bolton

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

413

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

J.L.Raaf NOON 2004 February 11-15, 2004 Tokyo, Japan MiniBooNE Status NA B. Louis 2004 Venice, Italy MiniBooNE NA G. Zeller 2nd International Workshop on Neutrino-Nucleus...

414

BooNE: Booster Neutrino Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a variety of experiments. image: neutrino event types in oil for the MiniBooNE flux This pie chart shows the resultant event fractions at MiniBooNE before any selection cuts. The...

415

The Argonaut Reactor - Reactors designed/built by Argonne National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Achievements > Achievements > Argonne Reactors > Training Reactors About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

416

CP and T violation tests in neutrino oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine how large violation effects of CP and T are allowed in long baseline neutrino experiments. When we attribute only the atmospheric neutrino anomaly to neutrino oscillation we may have large CP-violation effects. When we attribute both the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the solar neutrino deficit to neutrino oscillation we may have sizable T violation effects proportional to the ratio of the two mass differences; it is difficult to see CP violation since we cannot ignore the matter effect. We give a simple expression for T violation in the presence of matter.

Jiro Arafune and Joe Sato

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Constraints on Energy Independent Solutions of the Solar Neutrino Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the latest published solar neutrino data assuming an arbitrary neutrino oscillation/conversion mechanism suppresses the electron neutrino flux from the Sun independent of energy. For oscillations/transitions into active (sterile) neutrinos such mechanisms are ruled out at 99.96 (99.9997) % C.L. assuming the standard solar model by Bahcall and Pinnsoneault '95 correctly predicts all solar neutrino fluxes within their estimated uncertainties. Even if one allows for $^8{\\rm B}$ and $^7{\\rm Be}$ solar neutrino fluxes that are vastly different from the ones in contemporary standard solar models these mechanisms are strongly disfavored by the data.

P. I. Krastev; S. T. Petcov

1996-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

418

Combining CPT-conjugate Neutrino channels at Fermilab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore an alternative strategy to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy by making use of possible future neutrino facilities at Fermilab. Here, we use CPT-conjugate neutrino channels, exploiting a nu_mu beam from the NuMI beamline and a barnu_e beam from a betabeam experimental setup. Both experiments are performed at approximately the same E/L. We present different possible accelerator scenarios for the betabeam neutrino setup and fluxes. This CPT-conjugate neutrino channel scenario can extract the neutrino mass hierarchy down to sin^2 (2 theta_13) \\approx 0.02.

Andreas Jansson; Olga Mena; Stephen Parke; Niki Saoulidou

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

419

How opaque is the Earth to ultrahigh energy neutrinos?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We carry out a numerical calculation of ultrahigh energy neutrino propagation through the Earth, taking into account the neutrino regeneration process in both neutral current and charged current neutrino interactions. The attenuation of neutrinos traversing the Earth (shadow effect) is determined, and the fluxes of ?-induced upward-going leptons (muon and tau) are obtained at the Earths surface and for two configurations of the neutrino flavor in the incident neutrino flux (????? mixing). The implications of these results are discussed in the context of the possibility of detection of ?-induced leptons in the next round of fluorescent telescopes such as the AUGER detector.

C. E. Navia; C. R. A. Augusto; H. M. Portella; H. Shigueoka

2003-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

420

Alternative Detection Methods for Highest Energy Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several experimental techniques are currently under development, to measure the expected tiny fluxes of highest energy neutrinos above 10**18 eV. Projects in different stages of realisation are discussed here, which are based on optical and radio as well as acoustic detectors. For the detection of neutrino events in this energy range a combination of different detector concepts in one experiment seems to be most promising.

Rolf Nahnhauer

2004-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reactor vessel support system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor vessel support system includes a support ring at the reactor top supported through a box ring on a ledge of the reactor containment. The box ring includes an annular space in the center of its cross-section to reduce heat flow and is keyed to the support ledge to transmit seismic forces from the reactor vessel to the containment structure. A coolant channel is provided at the outside circumference of the support ring to supply coolant gas through the keyways to channels between the reactor vessel and support ledge into the containment space.

Golden, Martin P. (Trafford, PA); Holley, John C. (McKeesport, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Is Cosmology Compatible with Sterile Neutrinos?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By combining data from cosmic microwave background experiments (including the recent WMAP third year results), large scale structure, and Lyman-{alpha} forest observations, we constrain the hypothesis of a fourth, sterile, massive neutrino. For the 3 massless+1 massive neutrino case, we bound the mass of the sterile neutrino to m{sub s}<0.26 eV (0.44 eV) at 95% (99.9%) C.L., which excludes at high significance the sterile neutrino hypothesis as an explanation of the LSND anomaly. We generalize the analysis to account for active neutrino masses and the possibility that the sterile abundance is not thermal. In the latter case, the contraints in the (mass,density) plane are nontrivial. For a mass of >1 or <0.05 eV, the cosmological energy density in sterile neutrinos is always constrained to be {omega}{sub {nu}}<0.003 at 95% C.L., but for a mass of {approx}0.25 eV, {omega}{sub {nu}} can be as large as 0.01.

Dodelson, Scott; Melchiorri, Alessandro; Slosar, Anze [Particle Astrophysics Center, FERMILAB, Batavia, Illinois 60510-0500 (United States); Physics Department and Sezione INFN, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Ple Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Rome (Italy); Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

423

Status of the LBNE Neutrino Beamline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) will utilize a neutrino beamline facility located at Fermilab to carry out a compelling research program in neutrino physics. The facility will aim a beam of neutrinos toward a detector placed at the Homestake Mine in South Dakota. The neutrinos are produced in a three-step process. First, protons from the Main Injector (60-120 GeV) hit a solid target and produce mesons. Then, the charged mesons are focused by a set of focusing horns into the decay pipe, towards the far detector. Finally, the mesons that enter the decay pipe decay into neutrinos. The parameters of the facility were determined taking into account several factors including the physics goals, the Monte Carlo modeling of the facility, spacial and radiological constraints and the experience gained by operating the NuMI facility at Fermilab. The initial beam power is expected to be {approx}700 kW, however some of the parameters were chosen to be able to deal with a beam power of 2.3 MW. We discuss here the status of the conceptual design and the associated challenges.

Papadimitriou, Vaia; /Fermilab

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Neutrino Factory Physics Study Plots  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plots Plots Kerrys Plot Area Rajas Plot Area Superbeams draft report Steves Talk at the 2 day meeting for the neutrino factory physics study, 17-18 Feb, 2000. sin2 2theta(13) reach summary plot Superbeam plots Fig. 3 for superbeams paper Very long baseline conventional beam setup at FNAL Decay channel length versus baseline for conventional beams at FNAL Pion decay fraction versus baseline for conventional beams at FNAL Superbeam sin**2 2theta(13) sensitivity vs E and L: Rate table for WBB, LAr Superbeam sin**2 2theta(13) sensitivity vs E and L: Rate table for NBB, water C NUMI medium energy beam, baseline 2800 km, s2 2theta(13) = 0.01 NUMI medium energy beam, baseline 2800 km, s2 2theta(13) = 0.04 Draft paper Figures for entry level and beyond paper Fig. X1 Wrong-sign muon CC interaction spectrum versus muon

425

The San Francisco/Oakland Bay Bridge Will be Partially Closed Presidents' Day Weekend 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/or alternate bridges: Golden Gate, Richmond-San Rafael, San Mateo-Hayward, Dumbarton BART (BAY AREA RAPIDThe San Francisco/Oakland Bay Bridge Will be Partially Closed Presidents' Day Weekend 2012 In order to complete an essential step in the construction of the new Bay Bridge, the WESTBOUND DECK of the Bay Bridge

Hellerstein, Joseph M.

426

Neutrino Beams for Scattering Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Options for Neutrino Scattering Measurements Options for Neutrino Scattering Measurements Draft Skeleton Table Beam Characteristics K2K CERN AD FNAL Debuncher FNAL Booster NuMI LE NuMI ME NuMI HE Peak E(nu) (GeV) X X ~2.5 1 3.5 7.5 13 Maximum E(nu) (GeV) (->1% peak rate) X X 8.9 3 50 50+ 50+ Nu(mu) CC Rate (per ton-year) X 1.4 0 5,000 210,000 1,100,000 2,000,000 Nubar(mu) CC Rate (per ton-year) X 3.4 ~18 (Time Separated) ~360 (Prompt) 1,000 21,000 32,000 20,000 Nu(e) CC Rate (per ton-year) X 0 0 1 2,300 9,500 12,000 Nubar(e) CC Rate (per ton-year) X 0.4 ~18 (Time Separated) 0.5 630 660 600 Flux uncertainty X X 10% 10% 20% 20% 20% QE events / 100 ton-years X 169 nubar(mu) 47 nu(mu) 17 nubar(e) 525 nubar(e) 500,000 nu(mu) 100,000 nu(mu) X X X Floor space (m**2) X X New Hall New Hall 20 x 2.5 20 x 2.5 20 x 2.5 Run Type X X Parasitic Parasitic Parasitic Parasitic Parasitic

427

Reactor water cleanup system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor water cleanup system includes a reactor pressure vessel containing a reactor core submerged in reactor water. First and second parallel cleanup trains are provided for extracting portions of the reactor water from the pressure vessel, cleaning the extracted water, and returning the cleaned water to the pressure vessel. Each of the cleanup trains includes a heat exchanger for cooling the reactor water, and a cleaner for cleaning the cooled reactor water. A return line is disposed between the cleaner and the pressure vessel for channeling the cleaned water thereto in a first mode of operation. A portion of the cooled water is bypassed around the cleaner during a second mode of operation and returned through the pressure vessel for shutdown cooling.

Gluntz, Douglas M. (San Jose, CA); Taft, William E. (Los Gatos, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Reactor water cleanup system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reactor water cleanup system includes a reactor pressure vessel containing a reactor core submerged in reactor water. First and second parallel cleanup trains are provided for extracting portions of the reactor water from the pressure vessel, cleaning the extracted water, and returning the cleaned water to the pressure vessel. Each of the cleanup trains includes a heat exchanger for cooling the reactor water, and a cleaner for cleaning the cooled reactor water. A return line is disposed between the cleaner and the pressure vessel for channeling the cleaned water thereto in a first mode of operation. A portion of the cooled water is bypassed around the cleaner during a second mode of operation and returned through the pressure vessel for shutdown cooling. 1 figure.

Gluntz, D.M.; Taft, W.E.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

429

Dark Matter vs. Neutrinos: The effect of astrophysical uncertainties and timing information on the neutrino floor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future multi-tonne Direct Detection experiments will be sensitive to solar neutrino induced nuclear recoils which form an irreducible background to light Dark Matter searches. Indeed for masses around 6 GeV the spectra of neutrinos and Dark Matter are so similar that experiments will run into a neutrino floor, for which sensitivity increases only marginally with exposure past a certain cross section. In this work we show that this floor can be overcome using the different annual modulation expected from solar neutrinos and Dark Matter. Specifically for cross sections below the neutrino floor the DM signal is observable through a phase shift and a smaller amplitude for the time-dependent event rate. This allows the exclusion power to be improved by up to an order of magnitude for large exposures. In addition we demonstrate that the neutrino floor exists over a wider mass range than has been previously shown, since the large uncertainties in the Dark Matter velocity distribution make the signal spectrum harder to distinguish from the neutrino background. However for most velocity distributions the neutrino floor can still be surpassed using timing information, though certain velocity streams may prove problematic.

Jonathan H. Davis

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration From a Neutrino Factory to Carlsbad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Collaboration From a Neutrino Factory to Carlsbad BNL FNAL KEK CERN Carlsbad Kirk T. McDonald Princeton U. mcdonald@puphep.princeton.edu Workshop on the Next Generation U.S. Underground Science Facility Carlsbad, NM, June 13, 2000 http://puhep1.princeton

McDonald, Kirk

431

Gallium solar neutrino experiments: Absorption cross sections, neutrino spectra, and predicted event rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar neutrino sources with standard energy spectra, and for laboratory sources of 51 Cr and 37 Ar; the calculations include, where appropriate, the thermal energy of fusing solar ions and use improved nuclear the energy spectrum of solar neutrinos. Theoretical uncertainties are estimated for cross sections

Bahcall, John

432

Technique for Direct eV-Scale Measurements of the Mu and Tau Neutrino Masses Using Supernova Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early black hole formation in a core-collapse supernova will abruptly truncate the neutrino fluxes. The sharp cutoff can be used to make model-independent time-of-flight neutrino mass tests. Assuming a neutrino luminosity of $10^{52}$ erg/s per flavor at cutoff and a distance of 10 kpc, SuperKamiokande can detect an electron neutrino mass as small as 1.8 eV, and the proposed OMNIS detector can detect mu and tau neutrino masses as small as 6 eV. This {\\it Letter} presents the first technique with direct sensitivity to eV-scale mu and tau neutrino masses.

J. F. Beacom; R. N. Boyd; A. Mezzacappa

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Database | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Database Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Database Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean » Data Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Database Dataset Summary Description The Chesapeake Information Management System (CIMS), designed in 1996, is an integrated, accessible information management system for the Chesapeake Bay Region. CIMS is an organized, distributed library of information and software tools designed to increase basin-wide public access to Chesapeake Bay information. The information delivered by CIMS includes technical and public information, educational material, environmental indicators, policy documents, and scientific data. Through the use of relational databases, web-based programming, and web-based GIS a large number of Internet resources have been established. These resources include multiple distributed on-line databases, on-demand graphing and mapping of environmental data, and geographic searching tools for environmental information. Baseline monitoring data, summarized data and environmental indicators that document ecosystem status and trends, confirm linkages between water quality, habitat quality and abundance, and the distribution and integrity of biological populations are also available. One of the major features of the CIMS network is the Chesapeake Bay Program's Data Hub, providing users access to a suite of long- term water quality and living resources databases. Chesapeake Bay mainstem and tidal tributary water quality, benthic macroinvertebrates, toxics, plankton, and fluorescence data can be obtained for a network of over 800 monitoring stations.

434

Subsurface geology of Corpus Christi Bay, Neuces County, Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prolific production in Corpus Christi Bay has occurred mainly in the regressive Frio Barrier Bar System and the associated shore face-shelf environment. All production in Corpus Christi Bay area is below the Anahuac transgressive wedge with the greatest accumulation in the 1st Marg. sand, which has produced a minimum of 680 BCF of gas in the Red Fish Bay-Mustang Island Common 10 reservoir, the largest single reservoir in South Texas. The 1st Marg. sands have produced in excess of 990 BCFG from four fields in Corpus Christi Bay. Shallow hydrocarbons in Corpus Christi Bay are associated with the South Texas Frio Barrier Bar System and are structurally trapped on large fault bound anticlines or up-to-the-coast relief faults. Deeper production from the Frio Sands is mainly on the Barrier Bar shoreface and associated with fault bounded anticlinal closures. Structural complexity increases with depth especially along the large strike aligned growth faults, some up to 4000 ft displacement, and the associated rollover anticlines. subsidiary faults, and shale plugs. These deeper reservoirs are usually pressure-depletion drives. The oil industry can point with pride to the co-existence with the fragile bay environment while extracting huge reserves. Most of the wells are on State of Texas marine leases and are controlled by State rules and City of Corpus Christi Bay drilling ordinances.

Collins, J.W.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Science and Technology of BOREXINO: A Real Time Detector for Low Energy Solar Neutrinos SOLAR NEUTRINOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOREXINO, a real-time device for low energy neutrino spectroscopy is nearing completion of construction in the underground laboratories at Gran Sasso, Italy (LNGS). The experiment's goal is the direct measurement of the flux of 7Be solar neutrinos of all flavors via neutrino-electron scattering in an ultra-pure scintillation liquid. Seeded by a series of innovations which were brought to fruition by large scale operation of a 4-ton test detector at LNGS, a new technology has been developed for BOREXINO. It enables sub-MeV solar neutrino spectroscopy for the first time. This paper describes the design of BOREXINO, the various facilities essential to its operation, its spectroscopic and background suppression capabilities and a prognosis of the impact of its results towards resolving the solar neutrino problem. BOREXINO will also address several other frontier questions in particle physics, astrophysics and geophysics.

Borexino Collaboration; G. Alimonti

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

436

Neutrinoless ?? decay transition matrix elements within mechanisms involving light Majorana neutrinos, classical Majorons, and sterile neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the projected-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (PHFB) model, uncertainties in the nuclear transition matrix elements for the neutrinoless double-? decay of 94,96Zr, 98,100Mo, 104Ru, 110Pd, 128,130Te, and 150Nd isotopes within mechanisms involving light Majorana neutrinos, classical Majorons, and sterile neutrinos are statistically estimated by considering sets of 16 (24) matrix elements calculated with four different parametrizations of the pairing plus multipolar type of effective two-body interaction, two sets of form factors, and two (three) different parametrizations of Jastrow type of short-range correlations. In the mechanisms involving the light Majorana neutrinos and classical Majorons, the maximum uncertainty is about 15% and in the scenario of sterile neutrinos, it varies in between approximately 4 (9)%20 (36)% without(with) Jastrow short range correlations with the Miller-Spencer parametrization, depending on the considered mass of the sterile neutrinos.

P. K. Rath, R. Chandra, K. Chaturvedi, P. Lohani, P. K. Raina, and J. G. Hirsch

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

Shoreline survey for unpermitted discharges to Galveston Bay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the study are to identify and map unpermitted point source discharges within selected shoreline segments of Galveston Bay and to develop a standard methodology and framework for future comprehensive shoreline surveys of the Galveston Bay system. The pilot study utilized low altitude aerial surveys and shallow draft small boat surveys to determine the extent of and to document locations of unpermitted discharges along 159 miles of bayou and bay shoreline. Nine different shoreline types were surveyed. Positions of discharges, both permitted and unpermitted were logged on to a personal computer data base management system and photographic documentation of both aerial and surface observations were catalogued.

Fay, R.R.; Sweet, S.; Wilson, R.J.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A new life for sterile neutrinos: resolving inconsistencies using hot dark matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the standard ?CDM model of cosmology, the recent Planck measurements have shown discrepancies with other observations, e.g., measurements of the current expansion rate H{sub 0}, the galaxy shear power spectrum and counts of galaxy clusters. We show that if ?CDM is extended by a hot dark matter component, which could be interpreted as a sterile neutrino, the data sets can be combined consistently. A combination of Planck data, WMAP-9 polarisation data, measurements of the BAO scale, the HST measurement of H{sub 0}, Planck galaxy cluster counts and galaxy shear data from the CFHTLens survey yields ?N{sub eff} = 0.610.30 and m{sub s}{sup eff} = (0.410.13)eV at 1?. The former is driven mainly by the large H{sub 0} of the HST measurement, while the latter is driven by cluster data. CFHTLens galaxy shear data prefer ?N{sub eff}> 0 and a non-zero mass. Taken together, we find hints for the presence of a hot dark matter component at 3?. A sterile neutrino motivated by the reactor and gallium anomalies appears rejected at even higher significance and an accelerator anomaly sterile neutrino is found in tension at 2?.

Hamann, Jan [Theory Division, Physics Department CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Hasenkamp, Jasper, E-mail: jan.hamann@cern.ch, E-mail: jasper.hasenkamp@nyu.edu [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Physics Department New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Effect of interaction with neutrons in matter on flavor conversion of super-light sterile neutrino with active neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A super-light sterile neutrino was proposed to explain the absence of the expected upturn of the survival probability of low energy solar boron neutrinos. This is because this super-light sterile neutrino can oscillate efficiently with electron neutrino through a MSW resonance happened in Sun. One may naturally expect that a similar resonance should happen for neutrinos propagating in Earth matter. We study the flavor conversion of this super-light sterile neutrino with active neutrinos in Earth matter. We find that the scenario of the super-light sterile neutrino can easily pass through possible constraints from experiments which can test the Earth matter effect in oscillation of neutrinos. Interestinlgy, we find that this is because the naively expected resonant conversion disappears or is significantly suppressed due to the presence of a potential $V_n$ which arises from neutral current interaction of neutrino with neutrons in matter. In contrast, the neutron number density in the Sun is negligible and the effect of $V_n$ is effectively switched off. This enables the MSW resonance in Sun needed in oscillation of the super-light sterile neutrino with solar electron neutrinos. It's interesting to note that it is the different situation in the Sun and in the Earth that makes $V_n$ effectively turned off and turned on respectively. This observation makes the scenario of the super-light sterile neutrino quite interesting.

Wei Liao; Yuchen Luo; Xiao-Hong Wu

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

Fermilab | Recovery Act | Long-baseline neutrino research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Long-baseline neutrino research Long-baseline neutrino research The proposed long-baseline neutrino project will place a particle detector at great depth underground to study neutrinos from an intense beam generated several states away. Researchers from six American laboratories and more than two dozen universities, most in the United States, have proposed plans to generate an intense beam of neutrinos at Fermilab and to place the detector in the Homestake Gold Mine near Lead, South Dakota. It would be the world's deepest underground laboratory, hosting experiments as deep as 8,000 feet underground. Neutrinos are the most abundant but perhaps least understood particles in our galaxy. Scientists hope to observe the neutrinos changing from one type to another as they travel. Studying a neutrino beam at two locations a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Sterile neutrino search with kaon decay at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monoenergetic muon neutrinos (235.5 MeV) from positive kaon decay at rest are considered as a source for an electron neutrino appearance search. In combination with a liquid argon time projection chamber based detector, ...

Spitz, Joshua B.

442

Analytical Theory of Neutrino Oscillations in Matter with CP violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop an exact analytical formulation of neutrino oscillations in matter within the framework of the Standard Neutrino Model assuming 3 Dirac Neutrinos. Our Hamiltonian formulation, which includes CP violation, leads to expressions for the partial oscillation probabilities that are linear combinations of spherical Bessel functions in the eigenvalue differences. The coefficients of these Bessel functions are polynomials in the neutrino CKM matrix elements, the neutrino mass differences squared, the strength of the neutrino interaction with matter, and the neutrino mass eigenvalues in matter. We give exact closed-form expressions for all partial oscillation probabilities in terms of these basic quantities. Adopting the Standard Neutrino Model, we then examine how the exact expressions for the partial oscillation probabilities might simplify by expanding in one of the small parameters {\\alpha} and sin{\\theta}13 of this model. We show explicitly that for small {\\alpha} and sin{\\theta}13 there are branch poin...

Johnson, Mikkel B; Kisslinger, Leonard S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

EA-1943: Proposed Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) at...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of using the existing Main Injector Accelerator at Fermilab to produce a pure beam of muon neutrinos. The neutrinos would be examined at a "near detector" proposed to be...

444

SHORT-BASELINE NEUTRINO PHYSICS AT FERMILAB WESLEY KETCHUM LOS...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hit Be target * Magnetic horn focuses (defocuses) neutrino (antineutrino) parents * Muon neutrino energy peaks 700 MeV * Previous experiments on BNB: MiniBooNE & SciBooNE 74...

445

Light right-handed neutrinos: + an incursion in cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light right-handed neutrinos: why not? + an incursion in cosmology R. Barbieri "Neutrinos in Venice? " The typical lifetime of a new trend in high energy physics and cosmology nowadays is about 5 to 10 years

Abbondandolo, Alberto

446

Historic Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Data, Carried by ESnet...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sun) to muon or tau neutrinos. In 2001, Science Magazine identified SNO's solution to the solar neutrino mystery as one of their 10 science breakthroughs of the year. "SNO data...

447

Three Flavor Neutrino Mixing and Dark Energy Above GUT Scale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutrino mixing lead to a non zero contribution to the dark energy of the universe. We assume that the neutrino masses and mixing arise through physics at a scale intermediate ... the electroweak scale. The mecha...

Bipin Singh Koranga; Rajesh Pandey

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

TEC Rail TG Summary_Green Bay  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 13-14, 2006 September 13-14, 2006 Green Bay, WI RAIL TOPIC GROUP Mr. Jay Jones began the meeting with a welcome and introduction of the topic members, other participants, and support staff. A brief overview was given of the topic group's activities since the last TEC meeting. This meeting focused on the Topic Group's subgroup activities. Key comments and discussions are summarized below. Status Update of the Rail Topic Group Mr. Jones mentioned the planned creation of a new topic group to be called the Routing Topic Group. The Rail Topic Group would still exist as a topic group. However, since the emphasis would be in developing routing criteria and ultimately a national suite of routes over the next year or so, this separate Routing Topic Group would be created to address

449

Massachusetts Bay Trans Auth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Auth Auth Jump to: navigation, search Name Massachusetts Bay Trans Auth Place Massachusetts Utility Id 49848 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Commercial: $0.0896/kWh Transportation: $0.1250/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

450

Neutrino Spectroscopy with Atoms and Molecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a comprehensive account of our proposed experimental method of using atoms or molecules in order to measure parameters of neutrinos still undetermined; the absolute mass scale, the mass hierarchy pattern (normal or inverted), the neutrino mass type (Majorana or Dirac), and the CP violating phases including Majorana phases. There are advantages of atomic targets, due to the closeness of available atomic energies to anticipated neutrino masses, over nuclear target experiments. Disadvantage of using atomic targets, the smallness of rates, is overcome by the macro-coherent amplification mechanism. The atomic or molecular process we use is a cooperative deexcitation of a collective body of atoms in a metastable level |e> emitting a neutrino pair and a photon; |e> -> |g> + gamma + nu_i nu_j where nu_i's are neutrino mass eigenstates. The macro-coherence is developed by trigger laser irradiation. We discuss aspects of the macro-coherence development by setting up the master equation for the target quantum state and propagating electric field. With a choice of heavy target atom or molecule such as Xe or I_2 that has a large M1 x E1 matrix element between |e> and |g>, we show that one can determine three neutrino masses along with the mass hierarchy pattern by measuring the photon spectral shape. If one uses a target of available energy of a fraction of 1 eV, Majorana CP phases may be determined. Our master equation, when applied to E1 x E1 transition such as pH_2 vibrational transition Xv=1 -> 0, can describe explosive PSR events in which most of the energy stored in |e> is released within a few nanoseconds. The present paper is intended to be self-contained explaining some details related theoretical works in the past, and further reports new simulations and our ongoing experimental efforts of the project to realize the neutrino mass spectroscopy using atoms/molecules.

Atsushi Fukumi; Susumu Kuma; Yuki Miyamoto; Kyo Nakajima; Itsuo Nakano; Hajime Nanjo; Chiaki Ohae; Noboru Sasao; Minoru Tanaka; Takashi Taniguchi; Satoshi Uetake; Tomonari Wakabayashi; Takuya Yamaguchi; Akihiro Yoshimi; Motohiko Yoshimura

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Physics Reach of Electron-Capture Neutrino Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To complete the picture of neutrino oscillations two fundamental parameters need to be measured, theta13 and delta. The next generation of long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments -superbeams, betabeams and neutrino factories- indeed take aim at measuring them. Here we explore the physics reach of a new candidate: an electron-capture neutrino beam. Emphasis is made on its feasibility thanks to the recent discovery of nuclei that decay fast through electron capture, and on the interplay with a betabeam (its closest relative).

J. Bernabeu; J. Burguet-Castell; C. Espinoza; M. Lindroos

2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

W&M, JLab Host International Neutrino Workshop (William & Mary...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

wm.edunewsstories2012william--mary-hosts-international-neutrino-workshop123.php Submitted: Wednesday, July 18...

453

A Sterile Neutrino Search with Kaon Decay-at-rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monoenergetic muon neutrinos (235.5 MeV) from positive kaon decay-at-rest are considered as a source for an electron neutrino appearance search. In combination with a liquid argon time projection chamber based detector, such a source could provide discovery-level sensitivity to the neutrino oscillation parameter space indicative of a sterile neutrino. Current and future intense >3 GeV kinetic energy proton facilities around the world can be employed for this experimental concept.

Spitz, J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Sterile Neutrino Search with Kaon Decay-at-rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monoenergetic muon neutrinos (235.5 MeV) from positive kaon decay-at-rest are considered as a source for an electron neutrino appearance search. In combination with a liquid argon time projection chamber based detector, such a source could provide discovery-level sensitivity to the neutrino oscillation parameter space indicative of a sterile neutrino. Current and future intense >3 GeV kinetic energy proton facilities around the world can be employed for this experimental concept.

J. Spitz

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

455

Neutrino conversions in cosmological gamma-ray burst fireballs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study neutrino conversions in a recently envisaged source of high-energy neutrinos (E \\geq 10^6 GeV), that is, in the vicinity of cosmological Gamma-Ray Burst fireballs (GRB). We consider the effects of flavor and spin-flavor conversions and point out that in both situations, a some what higher than estimated high energy tau neutrino flux from GRBs is expected in new km^2 surface area under water/ice neutrino telescopes.

H. Athar

2000-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

Neutrino Oscillations from Strings and Other Funny Things  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I will discuss three related unconventional ways to generate neutrino oscillations (1)Equivalence principle violation by the string dilaton field (i2)Violation of Lorentz Invariance and (3) Equivalence principle violation through a non-universal tensor neutrino-gravity coupling. These unorthodox neutrino oscillation mechanisms are shown to be viable at the level of our present experimental knowledge and demonstrate that neutrino oscillations can probe very profound questions.

A. Halprin

1997-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

457

Strong thermal Leptogenesis: an exploded view of the low energy neutrino parameters in the SO(10)-inspired model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leptogenesis is an attractive scenario in which neutrino masses and baryon asymmetry of the Universe are explained together under a minimal set of assumptions. After formulating the problem of initial conditions and introducing the strong thermal leptogenesis conditions as solution, we show that, within the framework provided by the \\soten~model of leptogenesis, the latter lead to a set of testable predictions on the same neutrino parameters currently under experimental investigations. The emerging scenario selects the normal ordering of the neutrino mass pattern, a large value for the reactor mixing angle, $2\\deg \\lesssim \\theta_{13} \\lesssim 20\\deg$, as well as a non maximal atmospheric mixing angle, $16\\deg \\lesssim \\theta_{23} \\lesssim 41\\deg$, and favours negative values for the Dirac phase \\delta. The signature of the proposed strong thermal \\soten~solutions is in the relation obtained between the effective Majorana mass and the lightest neutrino mass: $m_{ee} \\approx 0.8 \\, m_1 \\approx 15 $ meV.

Marzola, Luca

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Standard and non-standard neutrino-nucleus reactions cross sections and event rates to neutrino detection experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open neutrino physics issues require precision studies, both theoretical and experimental ones, and towards this aim coherent neutral current neutrino-nucleus scattering events are expected to be observed soon. In this work, we explore $\

Papoulias, D K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Standard and non-standard neutrino-nucleus reactions cross sections and event rates to neutrino detection experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open neutrino physics issues require precision studies, both theoretical and experimental ones, and towards this aim coherent neutral current neutrino-nucleus scattering events are expected to be observed soon. In this work, we explore $\

D. K. Papoulias; T. S. Kosmas

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

460

Constraints on neutrino-nucleon interactions at energies of 1EeV with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A search for extremely high energy cosmic neutrinos has been carried out with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. The main signals in the search are neutrino-induced energetic charged leptons and their rate depends on the neutrino-nucleon cross section. The upper limit on the neutrino flux has implications for possible new physics beyond the standard model such as the extra space-time dimension scenarios which lead to a cross section much higher than the standard particle physics prediction. In this study we constrain the neutrino-nucleon cross section at energies beyond 109??GeV with the IceCube observation. The constraints are obtained as a function of the extraterrestrial neutrino flux in the relevant energy range, which accounts for the astrophysical uncertainty of neutrino production models.

Shigeru Yoshida

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Generation -IV Reactor Concepts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Generation-IV Reactor Concepts Thomas H. Fanning Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA The Generation-IV International Forum (GIF) is a multi-national research and development (R&D) collaboration. The GIF pursues the development of advanced, next generation reactor technology with goals to improve: a) sustainability (effective fuel utilization and minimization of waste) b) economics (competitiveness with respect to other energy sources) c) safety and reliability (e.g., no need for offsite emergency response), and d) proliferation resistance and physical protection The GIF Technology Roadmap exercise selected six generic systems for further study: the Gas- cooled Fast Reactor (GFR), the Lead-cooled Fast Reactor (LFR), the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR),

462

Solar Neutrinos: Solved and Unsolved Problems John N. Bahcall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? What have we learned in the first 30 years of solar neutrino research? For the next decade, whatChapter 10 Solar Neutrinos: Solved and Unsolved Problems John N. Bahcall Institute for Advanced study solar neutrinos? What does the combined standard model (solar plus electroweak) predict for solar

Bahcall, John

463

Muon Front End for a Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Muon Front End for a Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Chris Rogers, ASTeC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory 15th January 2013 #12;High Energy Muon Facilities Growing interest in large, high energy muon facilities Neutrino Factory -> neutrino oscillations and Muon Collider -> energy frontier or Higgs factory

McDonald, Kirk

464

arXiv:hepex/0111033 An O -Axis Neutrino Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to that of the proton beam. 5. At what energy E #23;;peak does the neutrino spectrum peak for #18; = 0? 6. Compare by the \\horn". The main source of neutrinos is then the decay #25; + ! #22; + #23; #22; . 1. Give a simple estimate of the relative number of other types of neutrinos than #23; #22; in the beam. 2. If the decay

McDonald, Kirk

465

Power Reactor Progress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Argonne kicks off EBWR; Allis-Chalmers plans power reactor using both nuclear and conventional fuels ... NUCLEAR POWER took two giant steps last week. ... Just as the first nuclear power system in the U. S. designed and built solely for the generation of electric power went into full operation at Argonne, Allis-Chalmers came up with a new twist in power reactorsa controlled recirculation boiling reactor (CRBR) using both nuclear and conventional fuels (C&EN, Feb. 18, page 7). ...

1957-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

466

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved vortex reactor system is described for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor. 12 figs.

Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

467

Pedro Bay Village Council (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pedro Bay Village Council (Utility Company) Pedro Bay Village Council (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pedro Bay Village Council Place Alaska Utility Id 14633 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Residential School Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.9080/kWh Commercial: $0.8510/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Pedro_Bay_Village_Council_(Utility_Company)&oldid=411345

468

City of Larsen Bay, Alaska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Larsen Bay, Alaska (Utility Company) Larsen Bay, Alaska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Larsen Bay Place Alaska Utility Id 10716 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Rate Commercial Industrial Rate Industrial Residential Rate Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.3910/kWh Commercial: $0.3340/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Larsen_Bay,_Alaska_(Utility_Company)&oldid=40983

469

East Bay Municipal Util Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bay Municipal Util Dist Bay Municipal Util Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name East Bay Municipal Util Dist Place California Utility Id 5571 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=East_Bay_Municipal_Util_Dist&oldid=41061

470

Wave-forced resuspension of upper Chesapeake Bay muds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moored instruments were used to make observations of near bottom currents, waves, temperature, salinity, and turbidity at shallow (3.5 m and 5.5 m depth) dredged sediment disposal sites in upper Chesapeake Bay du...

Lawrence P. Sanford

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Seagrass habitat utilization by fishes in Christmas Bay, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fishes in Christmas Bay, TX were collected during April 1994 through March 1995 to: 1) assess temporal variability in their density, biomass, and diversity; 2) define the relationship between variability in fish population parameters...

Crotwell, Patricia Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations San Francisco Bay Regional Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations San Francisco Bay Regional Monitoring Program chemicals of concern that may impact the estuary's ecosystem. Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE identified weak associations between mortality and bulk-phase chlordane and silver concentrations at Redwood

473

Benthic exchange of nutrients in Galveston Bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nutrient regeneration rates were determined at three sites increasing in distance from the Trinity River, the main freshwater input source, to Galveston Bay, Texas, from 1994 through 1996. Diffusive fluxes ... be...

Kent W. Warnken; Gary A. Gill; Peter H. Santschi; Lawrence L. Griffin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Rose-bay Willow-Herb and Honey Bees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and even store surplus nectar from the rose-bay willow-herb. This plant also provides humble bees with food at a time when the next year's queens are being reared ...

1945-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

475

Aerial survey of Bay Area continues through Saturday | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

of Bay Area continues through Saturday | National Nuclear of Bay Area continues through Saturday | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Aerial survey of Bay Area continues through Saturday Aerial survey of Bay Area continues through Saturday Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA Blog This week, a NNSA helicopter has been flying at a low-level altitude over

476

McKay Bay Facility Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

McKay Bay Facility Biomass Facility McKay Bay Facility Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name McKay Bay Facility Biomass Facility Facility McKay Bay Facility Sector Biomass Facility Type Municipal Solid Waste Location Hillsborough County, Florida Coordinates 27.9903597°, -82.3017728° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.9903597,"lon":-82.3017728,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

477

AEC Pushes Fusion Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AEC Pushes Fusion Reactors ... Project Sherwood, as the study program is called, began in 1951-52 soon after the first successful thermonuclear explosion in the Pacific. ...

1955-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

478

Tokamak reactor first wall  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to an improved first wall construction for a tokamak fusion reactor vessel, or other vessels subjected to similar pressure and thermal stresses.

Creedon, R.L.; Levine, H.E.; Wong, C.; Battaglia, J.

1984-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

479

Advanced Nuclear Research Reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes technical modifications implemented by INVAP to improve the safety of the Research Reactors the company designs and builds.

Lolich, J.V.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

480

Cosmic neutrino background absorption line in the neutrino spectrum at IceCube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The IceCube experiment has recently reported a high energy neutrino spectrum between the TeV and PeV scales. The observed neutrino flux can be as a whole well fitted by a simple power law of the neutrino energy E?, E???? (???2). As a notable feature of the spectrum, however, it has a gap between 500TeV and 1PeV. Although the existence of the gap in the neutrino spectrum is not statistically significant at this point, it is very enticing to ask whether it might hint at some physics beyond the Standard Model. In this paper, we investigate a possibility that the gap can be interpreted as an absorption line in the power-law spectrum by the cosmic neutrino background through a new resonance in the MeV range. We also show that the absorption line has rich information about not only the MeV scale new particle but also the neutrino masses as well as the distances to the astrophysical sources of the high energy neutrinos. Viable models to achieve this possibility are also discussed.

Masahiro Ibe and Kunio Kaneta

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bay reactor neutrino" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Petroleum hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in the Galveston Bay system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PETROLEUM HYDRQCARBOiV-DEGRADING BACTERIA IN THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM A Thesis by STEVEN JAMES SCHROPP Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIFNCE... December 1979 Major Subject: Biology PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON-DEGRADING BACTERIA IN THE GALVESTON BAY SYSTEM A Thesis by STEVEN JAMES SCHROPP Approved as to style and content by: (Co-Chairman of Committee) '( ~CA. ( -Chairman of Committee) (Head...

Schropp, Steven James

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Gas, liquids flow rates hefty at Galveston Bay discovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extended flow tests indicate a large Vicksburg (Oligocene) gas, condensate, and oil field is about to be developed in western Galveston Bay. Internal estimates indicates that ultimate recovery from the fault block in which the discovery well was drilled could exceed 1 tcf of gas equivalent of proved, possible, and probable reserves. The paper discusses the test program for this field and other prospects in the Galveston Bay area.

Petzet, G.A.

1998-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

483

Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation. summary report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes work complete under the U.S. EPA/WDOE Cooperative Agreement for the Commencement Bay Nearshore/Tideflats Remedial Investigation of the Waterways/Shoreline area. The Commencement Bay Superfund Investigation includes various integrated program management and technical components. These include assessments of chemical contamination, biological effects, toxicity, and public health concerns; identification of sources; and identification of potential remedial actions and technologies.

Not Available

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 503 (2003) 276278 Neutrino studies in nuclei and intense neutrino sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 503 (2003) 276­278 Neutrino studies in nuclei interactions. Nuclear responses for neutrinos are crucial for neutrino studies in nuclei. The responses, which are mainly nuclear spin isospin responses, are studied indirectly by charge exchange hadronic reactions

Washington at Seattle, University of

485

Air and rain toxics deposition monitoring in Galveston Bay Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to fulfill the mandates of the Great Waters Program and portions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has initiated atmospheric monitoring research in important and representative water bodies, including coastal waters, for evidence of atmospheric deposition of pollutants. These pollutants include nutrients, trace metals, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and PCBs. A site was established in Seabrook Texas on the western shore of Galveston Bay representative of southern, coastal water system. This study determines selected environmental pollutants of potential concern to Galveston Bay and other Gulf coastal waters. While information is currently being generated by other investigations in Galveston Bay, such as EPA EMAP, Galveston Bay National Estuary, NOAA Status and Trends and other programs on contaminants in sediments and organisms, little reliable data is available to assess atmospheric deposition. The importance of atmospheric deposition of contaminants to Galveston Bay, based on air and rain samples collected continuously from March 1995 to March 1996 will be presented and compared to the results from other Great Waters Program sites. These results are critical to the understanding of the relative importance of various contaminant inputs to Galveston Bay by estimating atmospheric depositional fluxes.

Wade, T.; Sweet, S.; Park, J.; Cifuentes, L.; Tindale, N.; Santschi, P.; Gill, G. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Coll. of Geosciences and Maritime Studies

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

486

Air toxics deposition monitoring in Galveston Bay Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to fulfill the mandates of the Great Waters Program and portions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has initiated atmospheric monitoring research in important and representative water bodies, including coastal waters, for evidence of atmospheric deposition of pollutants. These pollutants include nutrients, trace metals, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, PCBs and chlorinated pesticides. A site was established in Galveston Bay, Texas as a representative souther, coastal water system. This study determines selected environmental pollutants of potential concern to Galveston Bay and other Gulf coastal waters. While information is currently being generated by other investigations in Galveston Bay, such as EPA EMAP, Galveston Bay National Estuary, NOAA Status and Trends and other programs on contaminants in sediments and organisms, little reliable data is available to assess atmospheric deposition. This study is producing information on atmospheric deposition of pollutants to Galveston Bay, as well as on long range transport of pollutants to other water bodies. These research results are critical to the understanding of the relative importance of pollution inputs to Galveston Bay by estimating atmospheric depositional fluxes. The results from this Program will also be compared with the results from other Great Waters Program sites.

Wade, T.L.; Sweet, S.; Cifuentes, L.; Tindale, N.; Santschi, P.; Gill, G. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Propagation of Neutrinos through Magnetized Gamma-Ray Burst Fireball  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrino self-energy is calculated in a weakly magnetized plasma consists of electrons, protons, neutrons and their anti-particles and using this we have calculated the neutrino effective potential up to order $M^{-4}_W$. In the absence of magnetic field it reduces to the known result. We have also calculated explicitly the effective potentials for different backgrounds which may be helpful in different environments. By considering the mixing of three active neutrinos in the medium with the magnetic field we have derived the survival and conversion probabilities of neutrinos from one flavor to another and also the resonance condition is derived. As an application of the above, we considered the dense and relativistic plasma of the Gamma-Ray Bursts fireball through which neutrinos of 5-30 MeV can propagate and depending on the fireball parameters they may oscillate resonantly or non-resonantly from one flavor to another. These MeV neutrinos are produced due to stellar collapse or merger events which trigger the Gamma-Ray Burst. The fireball itself also produces MeV neutrinos due to electron positron annihilation, inverse beta decay and nucleonic bremsstrahlung. Using the three neutrino mixing and considering the best fit values of the neutrino parameters, we found that electron neutrinos are hard to oscillate to another flavors. On the other hand, the muon neutrinos and the tau neutrinos oscillate with equal probability to one another, which depends on the neutrino energy, temperature and size of the fireball. Comparison of oscillation probabilities with and without magnetic field shows that, they depend on the neutrino energy and also on the size of the fireball. By using the resonance condition, we have also estimated the resonance length of the propagating neutrinos as well as the baryon content of the fireball.

Sarira Sahu; Nissim Fraija; Yong-Yeon Keum

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

488

Predicted survival of the bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli) in the heated effluent of a power plant on Galveston Bay, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli), collected from the intake canal of the P.H. Robinson Generating Station, Bacliff, Texas, were tested for 180 min at various constant temperatures during June 1974 through Septe...

Kyung S. Chung; Kirk Strawn

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Constrained analytical interrelations in neutrino mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hermitian squared mass matrices of charged leptons and light neutrinos in the flavor basis are studied under general additive lowest order perturbations away from the tribimaximal (TBM) limit in which a weak basis with mass diagonal charged leptons is chosen. Simple analytical expressions are found for the three measurable TBM-deviants in terms of perturbation parameters appearing in the neutrino and charged lepton eigenstates in the flavor basis. Taking unnatural cancellations to be absent and charged lepton perturbation parameters to be small, constrained analytical and testable interrelations are derived among neutrino masses, mixing angles and the amount of CP-violation, posing the challenge of verification to forthcoming experiments at the intensity frontier.

Brahmachari, Biswajoy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Constrained analytical interrelations in neutrino mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hermitian squared mass matrices of charged leptons and light neutrinos in the flavor basis are studied under general additive lowest order perturbations away from the tribimaximal (TBM) limit in which a weak basis with mass diagonal charged leptons is chosen. Simple analytical expressions are found for the three measurable TBM-deviants in terms of perturbation parameters appearing in the neutrino and charged lepton eigenstates in the flavor basis. Taking unnatural cancellations to be absent and charged lepton perturbation parameters to be small, constrained analytical and testable interrelations are derived among neutrino masses, mixing angles and the amount of CP-violation, posing the challenge of verification to forthcoming experiments at the intensity frontier.

Biswajoy Brahmachari; Probir Roy

2014-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

491

Solar Neutrino Measurement at SK-III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The full Super-Kamiokande-III data-taking period, which ran from August of 2006 through August of 2008, yielded 298 live days worth of solar neutrino data with a lower total energy threshold of 4.5 MeV. During this period we made many improvements to the experiment's hardware and software, with particular emphasis on its water purification system and Monte Carlo simulations. As a result of these efforts, we have significantly reduced the low energy backgrounds as compared to earlier periods of detector operation, cut the systematic errors by nearly a factor of two, and achieved a 4.5 MeV energy threshold for the solar neutrino analysis. In this presentation, I will present the preliminary SK-III solar neutrino measurement results.

The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; B. S. Yang

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

492

Coherence and oscillations of cosmic neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For cosmic neutrinos we study the conditions and the effects of the coherence loss as well as coherent broadening of the spectrum. We evaluate the width of the neutrino wavepacket produced by charged particles under various circumstances: in an interaction-free environment, in a radiation-dominated medium (typical of the sources of the gamma ray bursts) and in the presence of a magnetic field. The effect of the magnetic field on the wavepacket size appears to be more important than the scattering. If the magnetic field at the source is larger than $\\sim$10 Gauss, the coherence of neutrinos will be lost while traveling over cosmological distances. Various applications of these results have been considered. We find that for large magnetic fields ($B> 10^9$ Gauss) and high energies ($E_\

Yasaman Farzan; Alexei Yu Smirnov

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

493

A TEN MEGAWATT BOILING HETEROGENEOUS PACKAGE POWER REACTOR. Reactor...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

A TEN MEGAWATT BOILING HETEROGENEOUS PACKAGE POWER REACTOR. Reactor Design and Feasibility Problem Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Rosen, M. A.; Coburn, D. B.; Flynn, T....

494

Report of the Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Working Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The highest priority of the Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Experiment Working Group is the development of a real-time, precision experiment that measures the pp solar neutrino flux. A measurement of the pp solar neutrino flux, in comparison with the existing precision measurements of the high energy {sup 8}B neutrino flux, will demonstrate the transition between vacuum and matter-dominated oscillations, thereby quantitatively testing a fundamental prediction of the standard scenario of neutrino flavor transformation. The initial solar neutrino beam is pure {nu}{sub e}, which also permits sensitive tests for sterile neutrinos. The pp experiment will also permit a significantly improved determination of {theta}{sub 12} and, together with other solar neutrino measurements, either a measurement of {theta}{sub 13} or a constraint a factor of two lower than existing bounds. In combination with the essential pre-requisite experiments that will measure the {sup 7}Be solar neutrino flux with a precision of 5%, a measurement of the pp solar neutrino flux will constitute a sensitive test for non-standard energy generation mechanisms within the Sun. The Standard Solar Model predicts that the pp and {sup 7}Be neutrinos together constitute more than 98% of the solar neutrino flux. The comparison of the solar luminosity measured via neutrinos to that measured via photons will test for any unknown energy generation mechanisms within the nearest star. A precise measurement of the pp neutrino flux (predicted to be 92% of the total flux) will also test stringently the theory of stellar evolution since the Standard Solar Model predicts the pp flux with a theoretical uncertainty of 1%. We also find that an atmospheric neutrino experiment capable of resolving the mass hierarchy is a high priority. Atmospheric neutrino experiments may be the only alternative to very long baseline accelerator experiments as a way of resolving this fundamental question. Such an experiment could be a very large scale water Cerenkov detector, or a magnetized detector with flavor and antiflavor sensitivity. Additional priorities are nuclear physics measurements which will reduce the uncertainties in the predictions of the Standard Solar Model, and similar supporting measurements for atmospheric neutrinos (cosmic ray fluxes, magnetic fields, etc.). We note as well that the detectors for both solar and atmospheric neutrino measurements can serve as multipurpose detectors, with capabilities of discovering dark matter, relic supernova neutrinos, proton decay, or as targets for long baseline accelerator neutrino experiments.

Back, H.; Bahcall, J.N.; Bernabeu, J.; Boulay, M.G.; Bowles, T.; Calaprice, F.; Champagne, A.; Freedman, S.; Gai, M.; Galbiati, C.; Gallagher, H.; Gonzalez-Garcia, C.; Hahn, R.L.; Heeger, K.M.; Hime, A.; Jung, C.K.; Klein, J.R.; Koike, M.; Lanou, R.; Learned, J.G.; Lesko, K.T.; Losecco, J.; Maltoni, M.; Mann, A.; McKinsey, D.; Palomares-Ruiz, S.; Pena-Garay, C.; Petcov, S.T.; Piepke, A.; Pitt, M.; Raghavan, R.; Robertson, R.G.H.; Scholberg, K.; Sobel, H.W.; Takeuchi, T.; Vogelaar, R.; Wolfenstein, L.

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

495

N-mode coherence in collective neutrino oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study two-flavor neutrino oscillations in a homogeneous and isotropic ensemble under the influence of neutrino-neutrino interactions. For any density there exist forms of collective oscillations that show self-maintained coherence. They can be classified by a number N of linearly independent functions that describe all neutrino modes as linear superpositions. What is more, the dynamics is equivalent to another ensemble with the same effective density, consisting of N modes with discrete energies E{sub i} with i=1,...,N. We use this equivalence to derive the analytic solution for two-mode (bimodal) coherence, relevant for spectral-split formation in supernova neutrinos.

Raffelt, Georg G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Muenchen (Germany)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Portfolio for fast reactor collaboration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of the LMFBR type reactor in the United Kingdom is reviewed. Design characteristics of a commercial demonstration fast reactor are presented and compared with the Super Phenix reactor.

Rippon, S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Handbook of Reactor Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS handbook is one volume in a series sponsored by the United States Atomic Energy Commission with ... data and reference information in the field of reactors. The volume is devoted to reactor physics and radiation shielding, the latter subject occupying approximately a quarter of the book.

PETER W. MUMMERY

1956-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

498

Fast reactor safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... SIR, - In his article on fast reactor safety (26 July, page 270) Norman Dombey claims to introduce to non-specialists ... , page 270) Norman Dombey claims to introduce to non-specialists some features of fast reactors that are not available outside the technical literature. The non-specialist would do well ...

R.D. SMITH

1979-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

499

Instrumentation of Nuclear Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... s Lecture Theatre on January 8, a symposium of papers on the instrumentation of nuclear reactors was organized, at which about five hundred members and visitors attended, including guests from ... the Institution, took the chair and introduced Sir John Cockcroft, whose lecture on "Nuclear Reactors and their Applications" provided a general background for the three specialized papers which followed. ...

1953-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

500

Nuclear Research Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... their countries for the advent of nuclear power. A few countries had built large research reactors for the production of isotopes and to study the behaviour of nuclear fuel, but ... production of isotopes and to study the behaviour of nuclear fuel, but the small training reactor had not been developed. Since then, research ...

T. E. ALLIBONE

1963-07-20T23:59:59.000Z